Heat removal assembly for use with a power converter
A heat removal assembly for use with a power converter that includes a condenser and an evaporator coupled in flow communication with the condenser. The evaporator is configured to channel working fluid therebetween. The evaporator includes a supply housing, a receiving housing, and at least one expansion housing extending between the supply housing and the receiving housing. The at least one expansion housing includes a flow inlet defined at the supply housing and a flow outlet defined at said receiving housing, and the flow inlet is sized smaller in cross-sectional size than the flow outlet.
Compressed air cooling system for data center
A system for removing heat from components in a computer room of data center includes one or more air storage containers that hold compressed air, one or more compressors that supply compressed air to the air storage containers, and one or more plenums in fluid communication with at least one of the storage containers. At least one of the plenums can supply air to a computer room.
Method for formation of system to increase server's density in datacenter
A method for forming a system. A cooling conduit is secured on a top surface of each rack container of rack units to allow a cooling fluid to flow through a flexible tube into each rack container via the cooling conduit that encapsulates the flexible tube. The rack units are stacked in a direction parallel to a floor. The cooling conduit includes a first segment, a second segment, and a third segment. The first segment is linked to, perpendicular to, and in direct physical contact with, the second segment through a first articulation. The second segment is linked to, parallel to, and in direct physical contact with, the third segment through a second articulation. The first and second articulations are configured to rotate horizontally in a plane parallel to the floor to enable the flexible tube to maintain smooth contact with the top surface of each rack container.
A cold plate, an electronic assembly including a cold plate, and a method for forming a cold plate are provided. The cold plate includes an interface plate and an opposing plate that form a plenum. The cold plate includes a plurality of active areas arranged for alignment over respective heat generating portions of an electronic assembly, and non-active areas between the active areas. A cooling fluid flows through the plenum. The plenum, at the non-active areas, has a reduced width and/or reduced height relative to the plenum at the active areas. The reduced width and/or height of the plenum, and exterior dimensions of cold plate, at the non-active areas allow the non-active areas to flex to accommodate surface variations of the electronics assembly. The reduced width and/or height non-active areas can be specifically shaped to fit between physical features of the electronics assembly.
Electrical hardware module retention interlock
According to one aspect, an apparatus includes a body and a toggle-interlock assembly. The body has an opening defined therein. The toggle-interlock assembly is coupled to the body, and includes a toggle portion and an interlock portion. The toggle-interlock assembly has a first configuration and a second configuration. When the toggle-interlock assembly is in a first configuration, the toggle portion physically blocks at least part of the opening while the interlock portion is stowed. When the toggle-interlock assembly is in a second configuration, the toggle portion does not physically block access to the opening while the interlock portion is in a deployed position that is arranged to prevent the apparatus from being inserted into a chassis.
Portable wireless key
Provided is a portable wireless key that performs a control pertaining to locking and unlocking of a vehicle door lock according to a pressing operation of a movable projection of a push switch and is capable of improving an operational feeling at a low cost. A hard deformable cover is disposed between an operation portion of a switch operation cover and the movable projection of the push switch. The switch operation cover is deformed to be depressed according to a user's pressing operation, and deformed to be restored to an original position when the user's pressing operation is released. Since the hard deformable cover is deformed to press the movable projection with a depressing deformation of the operation portion by the user's pressing operation, the operational feeling of the movable projection can be improved at a low cost.
Electronic component module and manufacturing method thereof
There are provided an electronic component module in which an external terminal is disposed outwardly from a mold part by a plating process and a manufacturing method thereof. The electronic component module includes a substrate, at least one electronic component mounted on the substrate, a mold part sealing the electronic component, and at least one connection conductor having one end bonded to one surface of the substrate and formed in the mold part so as to penetrate through the mold part. The connection conductor is formed to have a form in which horizontal cross-sectional areas of the connection conductor are gradually reduced toward the substrate and includes at least one step.
Case structure for electronic control device
Depending on the orientation by which a breathing filter is mounted in a vehicle, water can accumulate in the breathing filter, and prevent the pressure difference between the space inside a case and the outside air from being adjusted; therefore, the vehicular layout is limited. Also, because the filter is formed in the center of the case, electronic parts cannot be installed on substrates on the upper and lower surfaces of the filter, meaning that the substrate size and the case size will increase. In addition, the costs will increase. The structure of the present invention is characterized in that breathing paths are provided on the surfaces sandwiching a portion where a filter film is welded in the corner of a resin-side case of a vehicle-mounted electronic control device such as an engine control unit or an automatic transmission control unit, and in that the breathing paths are connected inside.
A display apparatus including: a display panel; and a chassis structure which holds the display panel, wherein the chassis structure includes a first chassis member in which a recess whose opening opens toward a display panel side is formed, and a second chassis member which is in a plate shape, and mounted on the first chassis member, covering at least a portion of the opening of the recess.
Electronic device having an elastic member
An electronic device includes a framework having a number of ribs to define a number of receiving grooves therebetween, a number of modules detachably received in the receiving grooves, and a pair of elastic members mounted to a respective module. Each receiving groove has a pair of apertures in the ribs. Each of the modules has a pair of through holes. Each of the elastic members includes a protrusion extending through the through hole toward a corresponding rib and a leg resiliently urging the protrusion to fit into a corresponding aperture.
Foldable display device and display apparatus
A foldable display device and a display apparatus are provided. The foldable display device includes a supporting back plate and a display screen arranged in the front side of the supporting back plate. The supporting back plate includes a first supporting part and a second supporting part, and the first supporting part and the second supporting part may bend towards to the reverse side of the supporting back plate through a folding connection. One end of the display screen is fixedly connected to the first supporting part, and the other end of the display screen is slidably connected to the second supporting part.
ACF sticking method and ACF sticking apparatus
An Anisotropic Conductive Film (ACF) is stuck to a substrate by: under-receiving the substrate on which a film-shaped component is mounted by a under-receiving section, transporting a tape member in which a base tape is bonded to the ACF by a tape transport section and causing a sticking surface of the ACF to face the substrate, pressing the ACF together with the base tape on the substrate by a pressing tool and sticking the ACF to the substrate, peeling the ACF sticking to the substrate from the base tape by moving a peeling member in a horizontal direction by causing the peeling member to be interposed between the ACF and the base tape, and regulating an upward warpage deformation of the component during peeling the ACF from the base tape by moving the peeling member.
Printed circuit board, method of manufacturing the same and connection terminal
A read wiring trace and a write wiring trace are formed on an insulating layer. Connection terminals made of conductor are connected to the read wiring trace and the write wiring trace, respectively. Each connection terminal has at least one corner with a radius of curvature of not larger than 35 μm.
Adding test access to a back-drilled VIA
Embodiments of the invention relates to adding test access to a back-drilled vertical access interconnect (VIA) of a printed circuit board (PCB). A VIA is either formed or provided as an opening through layers of the PCB. The VIA is countersunk from one of the two openings to the PCB prior to plating to form a surface that can be used as a test target. The countersunk VIA is subject to plating so that the interior walls and surfaces of the VIA are covered with a conductive material. The plating is removed along the walls of the countersunk section of the VIA, so that the plating remains on the shoulders and the non-countersunk section of the VIA with the shoulder in communication with a trace internal to the PCB. The back-drilled VIA with the plating configuration provides an internal conducting surface for contact while mitigating interference associated with a VIA stub.
Embedded electronic component and method of manufacturing electronic component embedded substrate
Disclosed is an embedded electronic component which can improve reliability of connection with external wiring and efficiency of an embedding process by including: a contact pad provided on at least one surface of a body portion and made of a conductive material; a first insulating layer for covering the at least one surface of the body portion; a first pad in contact with a surface of the contact pad and made of a conductive material; a rearrangement portion provided on a surface of the first insulating layer to be in contact with the first pad; a second pad provided on the surface of the first insulating layer to be in contact with the rearrangement portion; and a second insulating layer having an opening to expose a portion of the second pad while covering the first insulating layer, the first pad, the rearrangement portion, and the second pad.
Multilayer electronic component, manufacturing method thereof, and board having the same mounted thereon
A multilayer electronic component, a manufacturing method thereof, and a board having the same. The multilayer electronic component includes a plurality of magnetic metal layers, an internal conductive layer formed on the magnetic metal layer, an upper and lower cover layers formed on and below an active part including the plurality of magnetic metal layers and internal conductive layer. The multilayer electronic component may have excellent DC bias characteristics by using a magnetic metal material, implement low direction resistance (Rdc) by increasing a cross-sectional area of an internal coil, and secure high magnetic permeability while decreasing a core loss of the magnetic metal material to thereby improve efficiency characteristic.
A display apparatus includes: a display panel; a chassis including a flat part and an inclined part that extends from a side border of the flat part and is inclined with respect to the flat part; at least one printed circuit board (PCB) disposed on the chassis; and a plurality of light sources arranged on the at least one PCB and configured to emit light toward the display panel, wherein at least one light source of the plurality of light sources is arranged at a position corresponding to the inclined part of the chassis.
Insulating substrates including through holes
It is provided an insulating substrate including through holes 2 for conductors arranged in the insulating substrate. A thickness of the insulating substrate is 25 to 300 μm , and a diameter of the through hole is 20 to 100 μm . The insulating substrate is composed of an alumina sintered body. A relative density and an average grain size of the alumina sintered body is 99.5 percent or higher and 2 to 50 μm , respectively.
Conformal 3D non-planar multi-layer circuitry
A method for making conformal non-planar multi-layer circuitry is described. The method can include providing a substrate having a non-planar surface and depositing a first conformal dielectric layer on the substrate, the first conformal dielectric layer conforming to the non-planar surface of the substrate and having a non-planar surface. The method can also include applying a first conformal circuitry layer on the first conformal dielectric layer. The method can include depositing a second conformal dielectric layer on the first conformal circuitry layer, the second conformal dielectric layer conforming to a non-planar surface of the first conformal circuitry layer, and applying a second conformal circuitry layer on the second conformal dielectric layer. Successive layers can be sequentially deposited. Microvias may provide electrical connections between circuit layers.
Three-dimensional laminated wiring substrate
A three-dimensional laminated wiring substrate is provided and includes a plurality of wiring substrates disposed on top of each other. Each of the plurality of wiring substrates includes an insulating film and a conductor pattern. The insulating film is disposed along a surface to provide a three-dimensional surface. The conductor pattern is disposed on and extending along the three-dimensional surface.
Circuits for flexible structures
Some aspects of this disclosure generally are related to improving the robustness of a flexible circuit structure, for example, by providing fault-tolerant electrical pathways for flow of electric current through the flexible circuit structure. In some embodiments, such fault tolerance is enhanced by way of a conductive mesh provided between an adjacent pair of resistive elements. Some aspects are related to improved voltage, current, or voltage and current measurement associated with various pairs of adjacent resistive elements at least when the various pairs have differing distances between them.
Inductors for circuit board through hole structures
Systems, apparatuses, and methods may include a circuit board having a plated through hole with a via portion and a stub portion and a self-coupled inductor electrically coupled to the via portion of the plated through hole. The self-coupled inductor may include a first inductor mutually coupled to a second inductor in series to reduce a capacitive effect of the stub portion of the plated through hole.
Printed circuit board
First and second semiconductor devices and first and second bypass circuits are mounted on a printed wiring board. The first bypass circuit and the second bypass circuit are provided closer to the first semiconductor device and to the second semiconductor device, respectively. The first bypass circuit has one end connected to a power plane through a first power supply via and the other end connected to a ground plane through a first ground via. The second bypass circuit has one end connected to the power plane through a second power supply via and the other end connected to the ground plane through a second ground via. The ground plane has a slit between the connecting portions of the first and second ground vias to increase the impedance between the connecting portions of the first and the second ground vias. Thus, jitters caused by power supply noise can be reduced.
Tamper-respondent assemblies with bond protection
Tamper-respondent assemblies and methods of fabrication are provided which include at least one tamper-respondent sensor having unexposed circuit lines forming, at least in part, one or more tamper-detect network(s), and the tamper-respondent sensor having at least one external bond region. The tamper-respondent assembly further includes at least one conductive trace and an adhesive. The conductive trace(s) forms, at least in part, the one or more tamper-detect network(s), and is exposed, at least in part, on the tamper-respondent sensor(s) within the external bond region(s). The adhesive contacts the conductive trace(s) within the external bond region(s) of the tamper-respondent sensor(s), and the adhesive, in part, facilitates securing the at least one tamper-respondent sensor within the tamper-respondent assembly. In enhanced embodiments, the conductive trace(s) is a chemically compromisable conductor susceptible to damage during a chemical attack on the adhesive within the external bond region(s).
Antenna structure and plasma generating device
An antenna structure includes four induction antennas which have the same structure, are connected in parallel and are disposed to be overlapped. The induction antennas include an external upper section arranged on a first quadrant of a first layer, an internal upper section connected to the external upper section and arranged on a second quadrant of the first layer, an internal lower section connected to the internal upper section and arranged on a third quadrant of a second layer arranged on a lower part of the first layer, and an external lower section connected to the internal lower section and arranged on a fourth quadrant of the second layer. An RF power is supplied to one end of the external upper section, and the other end of the external lower section is grounded.
Dimmer with photo sensor and high/low clamping
Provided is a circuit for controlling a level of brightness of a light electrically coupled to a dimming circuit including control leads configured to provide a dimming control voltage to the dimmable driver, the dimming control voltage having a permissible voltage range. The circuit includes a photo sensor for detecting an ambient light level in the vicinity of the light and a clamp controller for selectively reducing the dimming control voltage to a clamped voltage range less than the permissible voltage range. Also included is a feedback controller for adjusting the dimming control voltage in response to a detected ambient light level, the dimming control voltage being within the clamped voltage range.
Lighting control system and method
The present disclosure provides a lighting control system and method thereof. The lighting control system includes: a primary lighting device having a wireless module and a plurality of secondary lighting devices. The primary lighting device and the secondary lighting devices communicate with one another by power line communication (PLC). The primary lighting device is configured to receive a control signal through at least one of power lines and the wireless module, and send the control signal to the secondary lighting devices.
LED tube lamp compatible with different sources of external driving signal
An LED tube lamp is provided. The LED tube lamp includes a lamp tube having at least two external connection terminals, for receiving an external driving signal; a rectifying circuit for rectifying the external driving signal to produce a rectified signal; an LED lighting module comprising an LED module, for emitting light; and a ballast interface circuit coupled between the external connection terminals and the LED lighting module, and comprising a detection circuit configured to determine whether the external driving signal is a high frequency or high voltage signal according to the frequency or voltage level of the rectified signal, wherein the ballast interface circuit is configured such that when the external driving signal is determined to be a high frequency or high voltage signal, the ballast interface circuit causes current conduction in the LED module for emitting light.
Method and circuit apparatus for detecting a failure of at least one light emitting diode in a light emitting diode arrangement
A method for detecting a failure of at least one light emitting diode in a light emitting diode arrangement to which a supply current is applied by a constant-current source via a supply terminal and in which a respective luminous state of the light emitting diodes is set individually or in groups by means of a respective switching element by respective short-circuiting is disclosed, wherein a voltage signal of a chain voltage dropped across the light emitting diodes and dependent on the respective switching state of the switching elements is tapped off by a circuit apparatus at the supply terminal. The voltage signal is fed to an analog maximum value detector of the circuit apparatus, the maximum value detector is operated for a predetermined measurement duration and a maximum value signal of the voltage signal is provided at an output of the maximum value detector after the measurement duration.
Linear constant current LED driver circuit in active valley-fill circuit mode
The present invention discloses a linear constant current LED driver circuit in active valley-fill circuit mode comprising a rectifier bridge, a capacitor C1, a diode D1, a diode D2, a diode D3, a diode D4, a LED string and a constant current module. The constant current module comprises a N-mosfet N1, a first operational amplifier, a N-mosfet N2 and a second operational amplifier. During a frequency circle, the LED string can be discharged by firstly charging the capacitor C1 for energy saving through the LED string in constant current and then by the energy stored in the capacitor C1 in constant current, which further ensures that the efficiency of the whole linear constant current driver circuit is improved and the current passing through the LED string has a smaller frequency ripple with a large difference between the DC input voltage and the voltage at two ends of the LED string.
LED driver and illumination system related to the same
A driver includes a semiconductor chip, a bridge rectifier, and a current driver. The semiconductor chip includes a rectifying diode and a constant current source formed thereon. The bridge rectifier includes the rectifying diode. The current driver includes the first constant current source to provide a constant current.
Heating device and method for operating a heating device
A heating device for a cooking point in a hob has three independent and separate long heating elements which are arranged on a support of the heating device along concentric circles. The support has a central region around the center point, an outer region adjoining an outer edge, and an intermediate region between the central region and outer region. A rod-type thermostat engages over the heating device for the purpose of temperature detection. The first and the third heating element are connected to an energy supply over the rod-type thermostat. A second heating element is connected to an energy supply without interconnection of the rod-type thermostat, wherein the second heating element is arranged on the support in the central region, in the intermediate region and in the outer region.
Method and system for transmitting sensor signals
A sensor signal transmission system includes: at least one wireless sensor disposed in an equipment package and configured to sense at least one type of information; a gateway configured to receive the at least one type of information sensed by the at least one wireless sensor in a wireless manner, and convert the received information into at least one communication signal; a controller configured to control the equipment package by collecting the at least one communication signal input from the gateway; and at least one wireless power supply configured to supply power to the at least one wireless sensor in a wireless manner.
Method and apparatus for determining active time of UE
Embodiments of the present invention disclose a method and an apparatus for determining an active time of UE, where the method includes: acquiring extension information of a DTX active time of a base station; and adjusting a DTX active time of the UE according to the extension information, and using an overlapped time between the DTX active time of the UE and a DRX active time of the UE as an active time of the UE for listening on a PDCCH channel. The UE can learn a latest DTX condition according to a change of the DTX on a base station side in a manner of acquiring extension information of a DTX active time of the base station, and therefore can determine a correct active time of the UE with reference to DRX of the UE, thereby ultimately ensuring QoS of the UE.
Toggling discontinuous reception in wireless communications
A method by a user equipment node (UE) is disclosed for discontinuous reception (DRX) of traffic from a source radio access network (S-RAN) node of a telecommunications system. The method includes determining whether a condition occurred that can trigger initiation of handover to a target RAN (T-RAN) node. Based on determining the condition has not occurred, a selection is made among a plurality of service-specific DRX configurations based on a service type of the traffic from the S-RAN node, and DRX by the UE of traffic from the S-RAN node is controlled based on the selected service-specific DRX configuration. Based on determining the condition has occurred, DRX by the UE of traffic from the S-RAN node is controlled based on a service-agnostic DRX configuration that is agnostic to the service type of the traffic from the S-RAN node. Related UEs, methods by a RANs, and RANs are disclosed.
Self-adjusting discontinuous reception pattern
Radio access networks and particularly enhancements for diverse data applications may benefit from a self-adjusting discontinuous reception (DRX) pattern. According to certain embodiments, for example, a method may include configuring a discontinuous reception pattern of a user equipment and adjusting the discontinuous reception pattern at the user equipment autonomously with respect to a base station.
Timer configuration for reduced channel state information reporting in a wireless communication system
A method for Radio Resource Control—RRC—configuration comprises obtaining (210) User Equipment—UE—condition parameters. The UE condition parameters comprise at least a round trip time and a scheduler processing time. A timer value recommendation for the particular UE is calculated (220) in the Node B. The timer value recommendation is equal or larger than a sum of the round trip time and the scheduler processing time. The timer value recommendation is transmitted (230) to a Radio Network Controller—RNC. The RNC receives (260) the timer value recommendation. A RRC configuration is performed (280) by the RNC with a timer value according to the timer value recommendation. Alternatively, the timer value recommendation is calculated in the RNC based on UE condition parameters provided by the Node B. Node B's and RNC performing these methods are also presented as well as computer programs and computer program products therefore.
Communication system, base station, user equipment, and discovery method for device-to-device communication
Embodiments of a communication system, a base station (BS), a user equipment (UE), and a discovery method for device-to-device (D2D) communication are provided. The communication system includes a base station and multiple UEs. Each of the UEs uses one of multiple carrier frequency bands for communication. The BS obtains D2D communication requests of the UEs by the carrier frequency bands, and groups the UEs into multiple groups according to locations of the UEs. The BS allocates a discovery resource pool of a predefined carrier frequency band to the UEs in the same group and enables each of the UEs to transmit a discovery message corresponding to each of the UEs' own in the discovery resource pool.
Method for estimating communication in a direct link
The present disclosure relates a method, performed by a communication node of a cellular radio access network, for estimating a radio link quality of a direct link between a first user equipment and a second user equipment. The invention also provides a method performed in a user equipment, which method is used to monitor communication for the purpose of estimating communication in a possible direct link between a first user equipment and a second user equipment. The communication node instructs a user equipment to eavesdrop an uplink of an other user equipment UL1. The communication node obtaining data directly from the uplink UL1 and receives eavesdropped data from the user equipment. The communication node evaluates the radio link based on the data obtained from the uplink and the data eavesdropped from the uplink. The user equipment receives an instruction to eavesdrop the uplink UL1. The user equipment receives and obtains digital data from the uplink UL1, and reports to the network.
Station and method of setting connection the access point and the station
A method for setting connection between an access point and a station is provided. A method includes transmitting, by a station management entity, to a MAC layer management entity included in the station, information about a reception condition for a communication setup message transmitted by the access point and information about a reporting timing of the communication setup message by the MAC layer management entity to the station management entity when the MAC layer management entity receives the communication setup message, and adjusting, by the MAC layer management entity, a transmission timing of the communication setup message to the station management entity according to information about a connection priority requirement included in the communication setup message received by the MAC layer management entity from the access point, and the information about the reporting timing.
Method and apparatus for transmitting/receiving signal related to device-to-device communication in wireless communication system
Embodiments of the present invention relate to a method for transmitting/receiving a signal related to a device-to-device (D2D) communication by a first user equipment in a wireless communication system. The method comprises the steps of: stopping uplink transmission in a first band for a predetermined time interval and searching for a signal transmitted by a second user equipment; and transmitting a report to a third user equipment when the signal transmitted by the second user equipment is found, wherein the report contains the existence of the second user equipment and information related to a band in which the signal from the second user equipment is received.
Methods and apparatuses for providing random access communication
Methods and devices are provided. Devices asynchronously transmit, without diversity, bursts including information encoded using a low rate FEC code having a code rate no higher than ½. A terminal receives transmitted multiple overlapping bursts. The terminal detects and decodes bursts in a window of burst times, performs an iteration of an iterative interference cancellation process, and when at least one burst of at least a portion of the window remains incorrectly decoded, another iteration of the iterative cancellation process is performed as long as a maximum number of repeated iterations has not yet been performed. When all of the bursts in at least the portion of the window are correctly decoded, the window is advanced by an amount of burst time, at least the portion of the window is updated, and the iterations may be repeated. Correctly decoded bursts may be passed to a next process or device.
Random access in dynamic and shared spectrums
Systems and methods for using a communication system in a spectrum are provided. For example, a random access or RACH procedure may be performed where the random access or RACH procedure may be configured to reduce secondary interference and/or to be used in a pixel-based environment. The random access or RACH procedure may include selecting a RACH preamble; sending a RACH preamble and/or format information; determining a transmission power of the RACH preamble and/or the format information; determining a random access radio network temporary identifier (RA-RNTI) and preamble ID associated with the RACH preamble; and/or selecting a physical RACH (PRACH).
Licensed assisted access network system
A licensed assisted access network system is provided. The licensed assisted access network system includes a mobile station and a first base station. The mobile station determines a use status of an unlicensed band and generates first available unlicensed channel group information. The mobile station transmits the first available unlicensed channel group information to the first base station. The first base station selects a first unlicensed channel according to the first available unlicensed channel group information. The first base station initializes a communication schedule assessment procedure with the mobile station through the first unlicensed channel.
Dynamic adjustment of downlink and uplink traffic scheduling
Methods, systems, and devices for wireless communication are described. An access point (AP) may win access to an unlicensed frequency channel for a transmission opportunity. For the transmission opportunity, the AP may dynamically schedule a duration of time to be used for uplink transmissions and a duration of time to be used for downlink transmissions. The schedule may be based on a comparison of values for a parameter monitored by the AP. The parameter may be monitored for uplink traffic and for downlink traffic. The parameter may indicate the latency experienced by each direction of traffic, or an intolerance of each direction of traffic to delay. The AP may schedule the uplink and downlink durations to compensate for the discrepancy in latency between the two directions of traffic.
Methods, a wireless device and a radio network node in a wireless communication system
Methods, wireless device (110) and radio network node (120) for scheduling transmissions are disclosed. The wireless device (110) sends, to the radio network node (120), information relating to emissions, from the wireless device (110), when the wireless device (110) operates according an operating configuration. The radio network node (120) schedules the transmissions based on the information. Then, the wireless device (110) is scheduled, by the radio network node (120), based on the information. Corresponding computer programs and carriers also are disclosed.
Coexistent working mode establishment method, user equipment, base station and system
The present invention discloses a user equipment that communicates with a base station in a first communication system, includes a transmitter configured to transmit to the base station an indication to report a co-existence problem experienced by the user equipment and assistance information for a co-existence working mode in which the user equipment performs a first communication with the base station and performs a second communication with an apparatus in a second communication system; a receiver configured to receive from the base station configuration information that include information of a co-existence working mode allowed to be utilized by the user equipment and information that indicates whether the user equipment can deny an uplink transmission of the first communication system and a message; and a processor configured to configure the co-existence working mode according to the configuration information.
Terminal apparatus, base station apparatus, and integrated circuit
A terminal apparatus, a base station apparatus, a communication method, an integrated circuit, and a radio communication system are provided that enable a base station apparatus and a terminal apparatus to determine parameters relating to an uplink reference signal and efficiently communicate with each other. A terminal apparatus that transmits a demodulation reference signal, the terminal apparatus comprising: means for receiving a cell-specific parameter used for enabling or disabling a sequence group hopping, means for a user-equipment-specific parameter used for disabling the sequence group hopping, and means for generating a sequence of the demodulation reference signal on the basis of the enabled or disabled sequence group hopping, wherein, in a case that a transmission on the physical uplink shared channel corresponding to a downlink control information format to which CRC parity bits scrambled by a temporary C-RNTI are attached, the sequence group hopping is enabled or disabled on the basis of the cell-specific parameter.
Coverage transition indicator for device-to-device communication
A User Equipment (UE) D2D device transmits a coverage transition indicator when the UE device leaves a service area of base station and is no longer in coverage. The coverage transition indicator at least indicates that the UE device has left the service area and is no longer in coverage. Based on the coverage transition indicator, a determination can be made as to whether the D2D group to which the UE device belongs has transitioned to an out of coverage scenario from a partial coverage scenario.
Implementing adaptive resource allocation for network devices
A resource management system for a network device is described. A resource management system includes a resource manager configured to generate a sequence of a plurality of access time slots for a plurality of candidate entities and to redistribute access to one or more of the plurality of access time slots in the sequence based on availability and eligibility. The resource management system also includes a resource monitor configured to detect usage of each of the access time slots by each of the plurality of candidate entities.
Quality of service enhancement for wireless relay networks
Multiple relays are different distances from their respective donor access nodes. The donor and relay path selected for a user's traffic is selected based on the priority associated with that user and a ratio of a channel quality indicator and the distance of the donor-relay link. Traffic associated with a higher priority user is routed via a path with a good channel quality indicator to distance ratio whereas traffic for other, lower QoS profile, users does not take channel quality or relay-to-donor distance into account.
Base station apparatus for controlling downlink transmission power of a small-cell base station
A base station apparatus capable of ensuring a sufficiently large coverage of a small cell while reducing a power of downlink signals from a small-cell base station so as to be equal to or smaller than an allowable maximum power is provided. The base station apparatus of the small-cell base station comprises measurement means of measuring an interference level from a macro cell located in a periphery of the own base station and transmission-power control means of controlling a downlink transmission power based on a measurement result of the interference level from the macro cell. The transmission-power control means controls to enhance the transmission power of a downlink specific reference signal (CRS) among the downlink transmission signals of the own base station and to lower the transmission power of signals except for the downlink specific reference signal under a condition that the downlink transmission power is equal to or smaller than an allowable maximum power, when the interference level is higher than a predetermined level.
Systems and methods for improved communication efficiency in wireless networks
Methods and apparatuses for providing wireless messages according to various tone plans can include a system including a memory that stores instructions. The system further includes a processor coupled with the memory. The processor is configured to execute the instructions to generate a message for wireless communication according to at least one of a set of 52 tones, for allocation to an individual device, including 48 data tones and 4 pilot tones, and a set of 106 tones, for allocation to an individual device, including 102 data tones and 4 pilot tones. The processor is further configured to execute the instructions to provide the message for transmission.
A method of facilitating allocation of resources to support communication between user equipment and a base station of a wireless telecommunications network, user equipment, a method of allocating resources to support communication between user equipment and a base station of a wireless telecommunications network, a base station and computer program products are disclosed. The method of facilitating allocation of resources to support communication between a user equipment and a base station of a wireless telecommunications network comprises the steps of: determining a traffic profile, the traffic profile characterizing timing of traffic comprised of data packets transmitted between the user equipment and the base station due to an application being executed by the user equipment; and providing the traffic profile to the base station for use when allocating the resources to support communication between the user equipment and the base station during execution of the application.
Semi-persistent resource allocation method for uplink transmission in wireless packet data systems
A wireless telecommunications network supplies a semi-persistent resource that a wireless station can use for special purposes (such as a retransmission of packets for ARQ purposes or a control signal. The semi-persistent resource can be allocated by the system to other terminals if, e.g., a retransmission is not required. Since a retransmission is generally performed in response to a NACK received from a base station, the NACK may itself serve as a token that permits the wireless station to use the semi-persistent allocation. Thus, the technology includes, e.g., a method for resource allocation on a semi-persistent basis and efficient signaling for the usage of such allocation.
Methods and systems for providing device to device proximity services in wireless communication networks
Methods and systems for providing Device to Device (D2D) proximity services in wireless communication networks are disclosed. In an embodiment, the method includes comparing a set of predefined proximity service parameters for a plurality of UEs with associated thresholds within a set of thresholds; creating a UE proximity group comprising a set of neighboring UEs selected from the plurality of UEs based on the comparing, wherein the set of neighboring UEs communicate amongst each other through at least one Base Station (BS) bypassing a core network of the wireless communication network; monitoring each of the set of predefined proximity service parameters to determine deviation with an associated threshold; and modifying the UE proximity group in response to determining deviation between at least one of the set of predefined proximity service parameters and an associated threshold.
Carrier grouping in multicarrier wireless networks
A base station transmits an RRC message to modify a first cell group of a first cell. If the first cell is a primary cell, the RRC message reconfigures the primary cell with an updated first cell group and the RRC message comprises mobility control information. If the first cell is a secondary cell, the RRC message releases the secondary cell and adds the secondary cell with an updated first cell group without employing mobility control information.
Low cost paging
Methods, systems, and apparatuses for wireless communication are described. A user equipment (UE) may establish a dynamic coverage enhancement (CE) configuration and then autonomously transition from one CE level to another while in idle mode. The network may blindly detect the CE change during a paging procedure. For example, a mobility management entity (MME) may store dynamic CE information, and it may provide the dynamic CE information to base stations when the UE is paged. In some cases, the base stations may autonomously retransmit paging messages at different CE levels based on the dynamic CE information. In other examples, the MME may direct the base station to retransmit at different CE levels.
Location configuration information
A location configuration information response (250) comprises a single frame of data. The response includes a data field having a length equal to the length indicated in the length field and including data indicating yaw, pitch and roll orientation parameter values of the subject. A location configuration information request (249) comprises a single frame of data. The request includes a data field indicating an orientation request.
Reminders based on device proximity using bluetooth LE
In one general aspect, a method can include identifying, by a computing device, a geographic proximity of an entity, establishing, by the computing device, direct short-range communications with the entity, the computing device and the entity being able to communicate with one another using a short-range communication protocol. The method can further include receiving, by the computing device, an indication that the computing device shares an identifier with the entity, and receiving, by the computing device, information relevant to the computing device regarding the entity based on the shared identifier.
Authentication using DHCP services in mesh networks
A new device is deployed to an area in which a network is provided. The new device may join the network using a single handshake via a neighboring device that is a member of the network and register with a network management system managing the network. If the network is overloaded or has limited bandwidth remaining, the network may refuse to admit the new device, or if the new device is isolated, may force some devices that are members of the network to leave or migrate from the network to allow the isolated device to join the network.
Apparatus and method for synchronizing and obtaining system information in wireless communication system
A base station and terminal use methods of obtaining synchronization and system information in a wireless communication system. An operation of a base station includes generating a synchronization signal to be transmitted through a Synchronization Channel (SCH), generating a broadcast signal to be transmitted through a Broadcast Channel (BCH), and transmitting repetitively the SCH and the BCH by performing beamforming on the channels with different transmission beams.
Uplink path integrity detection in distributed antenna systems
Aspects and features are directed to an uplink integrity detection sub-system. In one aspect, a distributed antenna system is provided that includes a remote antenna unit that communicates with wireless devices in a coverage area, additional remote antenna units that communicate with wireless devices in additional coverage areas, and a unit that communicates with the remote antenna unit and the additional remote antenna units. The unit includes a distributed antenna system controller. The distributed antenna system controller can determine that an undesirable signal component having a power level exceeding a threshold power is communicated via an uplink path from the remote antenna unit. The distributed antenna system controller can also minimize an impact of the undesirable signal component on the additional coverage areas of the additional remote antenna units. Minimizing the impact can include modifying the gain of the uplink path over which the undesirable signal component is communicated.
Power headroom reporting accounting
A method in a first wireless device of a wireless communications network is disclosed. The method comprises obtaining a power headroom report (PHR) configuration including one or more PHR configuration parameters for an enhanced PHR based at least in part on one or more device-to-device (D2D) transmissions of the first wireless device. The method further comprises estimating a power headroom (PH) according to the obtained PHR configuration, the estimated PH based at least in part on the one or more D2D transmissions of the first wireless device, and transmitting an enhanced PHR to a node of the wireless communications network, the enhanced PHR comprising the PH estimated according to the obtained PHR configuration.
Wireless device for controlling transmission power
A wireless device and a method of operating the wireless device is disclosed for controlling a transmission power of a wireless transmit receive unit (WTRU). A total transmission power employed by the WTRU when transmitting via a single antenna may be offset by a total transmission power offset value from a total transmission power employed by the WTRU when transmitting via a plurality of antennas.
Preamble based uplink power control for LTE
Systems and methodologies are described that facilitate utilizing power control preambles with closed loop power control techniques in a wireless communication environment. An uplink grant can be transferred over a downlink (e.g., a first uplink grant after uplink inactivity), and a power control preamble can be sent over an uplink in response to the uplink grant. According to an example, transmission of the power control preamble can be explicitly scheduled and/or implicitly scheduled. The power control preamble can be transmitted at a power level determined by an access terminal utilizing an open loop power control mechanism. A base station can analyze the power control preamble and generate a power control command based thereupon to correct the power level employed by the access terminal. The access terminal can thereafter utilize the power control command to adjust the power level for uplink data transmission.
Delegating WiFi network discovery and traffic monitoring
A wireless device configured to delegate it communications and traffic monitoring tasks to a paired device when a wireless transceiver of the wireless device is found to be in an idle state is provided. The wireless device includes two wireless transceivers, the first wireless transceiver for communicating with a wireless access point and second low power wireless transceiver for communicating with a paired device. When the wireless device determines that the first wireless transceiver is in an idle state, it can place the first wireless transceiver into a sleep mode and delegate to the paired device via the second wireless transceiver communication and traffic monitoring tasks that would have been performed by the first wireless transceiver if it were not in a sleep mode.
Frame transmission scheme modification
In some embodiments, an apparatus is configured to wirelessly communicate with a base station in a real-time internet protocol (IP) session using a first retransmission parameter in a first frame transmission scheme. In some embodiments, the apparatus is configured to determine a current performance metric and, based on the current performance metric, use a second, different retransmission parameter in a second frame transmission scheme for communications via the real-time IP session. In some embodiments, the retransmission parameter is a number of retransmissions or a number of hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) processes.
Time of flight based passive entry/passive start system
A passive entry-passive start portable device detection system. A portable device includes a transceiver. At least one vehicle-based transceiver broadcasts an interrogation signal. The transceiver of the portable device transmits a response signal in response to the interrogation signal. A controller determining at least a range of the portable device as a function of the time-of-flight of the interrogation and response signals. The controller controls a measurement duty cycle of the interrogation signal as a function of the determined range.
Method, system and device for switching a transmission time interval
A method and system for synchronized switching of a Transmission Time Interval, TTI, between at least two different TTI length values.A UE 100 transmitting a power report, where a control node 150 or a Base Station 110A evaluates the report and decides, based on the evaluation to order the UE to switch to a different TTI length. The order message comprises the number of TTIs after which a TTI switch has to occur, composed a.o. based on radio environment condition. The UE receives a TTI switch order message and replies with a single message to its serving BS with a message to switch the TTI in a synchronous way.
Low-power wearable devices and methods for switching and communication among multiple operating systems and application management methods thereof
A low-power wearable device includes a storage unit and a processing unit. The processing unit includes a processor and is coupled to the storage unit. The processing unit operates a big operating system (BOS) and a little operating system (LOS) and can dynamically switch between the BOS and the LOS according to the system loading status of the wearable device, wherein power consumption and resource requirements of the BOS are different than those of the LOS.
Electronic equipment, terminal device, and computer-readable recording medium
A wireless communication unit forms any one of a first wireless network and a second wireless network, and performs wireless communication with a terminal device. An NFC communication unit performs short distance wireless communication with a terminal device. A controller switches a network of the wireless communication, which is formed by the wireless communication unit, from the first wireless network to the second wireless network, in response to the short distance wireless communication with the terminal device in a case in which the wireless communication unit forms the first wireless network.
Management of cell selection in a communications system
According to aspects of the disclosure, a method and system are provided for managing cell selection in a wireless communication network. In accordance with this disclosure, each cell in a radio access network (RAN) broadcasts a respective carrier-aggregation policy of the cell on its air interface. A UE engaging in a cell selection process reads the respective carrier-aggregation policy of each cell under consideration and selects a cell on which to attach based at least in part on the respective carrier-aggregation policies of the cells. The UE can then attach to the selected cell so that the selected cell can then serve the UE.
System and method for dynamic wireless carrier swap system
A vehicle carrier swap system includes a controller that, in response to a notification indicating first public land mobile network (PLMN) access signal quality is less than a threshold and successful registration with a second PLMN selected from a set of PLMNs made available by at least two subscriber identity modules associated with non-roaming partner carriers according to a priority defined by the carriers, provides network access using the second PLMN.
Method and apparatus for WLAN initial link setup
In a particular embodiment, a method includes scanning, by a mobile device, for a first wireless communication channel that is reserved for device authentication and association. The mobile device sends an authentication request to an access point via the first wireless communication channel. The method further includes receiving a reply to the authentication request from the access point.
Communication method, access network device, and communication device using the same and communication system
A communication method, an access network device and a communication device using the same method, and a communication system are proposed. According to an embodiment, the communication method can include following step. An access network device determines whether there is any femto cell within the coverage area thereof. when there is at least one femto cell within the coverage area thereof, the access network device obtains femto cell information of the at least one femto cell; and delivers the femto cell information to at least one terminal device within the coverage area thereof, where the femto cell information includes an indication of the at least one femto cell, at least one femto cell identifier and at least one carrier frequency of the at least one femto cell.
System and method for cumulative beacons
A method for operating a first access point of a first plurality of access points comprising access points participating in cumulative beacon operations includes generating a cumulative beacon including basic service set identifiers (BSSIDs) and service set identifiers (SSIDs) of each access point in the first plurality of access points, and sending the cumulative beacon.
Beacon protocol advertising bi-directional communication availability window
A beacon wireless transmits a sequence of one or more data packets that each or together comprise an identifier. A portion of the data packets specify an availability window during which a receiver forming part of the beacon can receive data transmissions. The receiver does not receive data transmissions outside of the availability window. Thereafter, the receiver is activated during the availability window to enable receipt of data transmissions to the beacon. Related systems, apparatus, methods, and articles are also described.
Method and device for preserving mobility information in terminal state transition and effectively re-accessing in heterogeneous cell network in mobile communication system
The present invention pertains to a method and device for preserving mobility information in terminal state transition and effectively re-accessing in a heterogeneous cell network in a mobile communication system. A method for estimating a mobility state of a terminal in a mobile communication system according to one embodiment of the present invention may comprise the steps of: receiving, by the terminal, system information from a serving cell during an idle state; calculating mobility state information by using the received system information; storing the mobility state information; and transmitting the mobility state information to a base station when the terminal is connected to the base station. According to one embodiment of the present invention, when an idle state of a terminal is changed to a connection state in a mobile communication system, a mobility state of the terminal can be more effectively estimated.
Methods and systems for estimating frequency synchronization accuracy
This invention relates to the use of frequency synchronization accuracy as an additional quality metric for mobile call handover between base stations. Call handover is of major importance within any mobile network; without checking frequency synchronization before handover dropped calls and interrupted communication can result.
Systems, devices, and methods for long term evolution and wireless local area interworking
Embodiments of the present disclosure describe systems, devices, and methods for long-term evolution and wireless local area interworking. Various embodiments may include utilizing access network selection and traffic steering rules based on radio access network assistance parameters. Other embodiments may be described or claimed.
Method and apparatus for controlling handover in mobile communication system
The present disclosure relates to a pre-5th-Generation (5G) or 5G communication system to be provided for supporting higher data rates Beyond 4th-Generation (4G) communication system such as Long Term Evolution (LTE). Embodiments of the present disclosure provide a method and an apparatus for efficiently controlling a handover process and a Radio Link Failure (RLF) process. According to embodiments of the present disclosure, an operating method of a User Equipment (UE) includes starting a first timer while a second timer regarding a radio link failure (RLF) is running, and if one of the first timer and the second timer expires, performing a radio resource control (RRC) connection re-establishment. When the handover and the RLF concurrently occur in the mobile communication system, the embodiments of the present disclosure can minimize the service interruption time by conducting the handover instead of the Radio Resource Control (RRC) connection re-establishment due to the RLF.
Apparatus, system and method of access network discovery and selection function (ANDSF) for traffic offloading
Some demonstrative embodiments include devices, systems and methods of Access Network Discovery and Selection Function (ANDSF) for traffic offloading. For example, an ANDSF Management Object (MO) may include one or more ANDSF policies, at least one ANDSF policy including ANDSF selection criteria to offload traffic between a cellular network and a Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN); and a preference indicator to indicate a preference between the ANDSF selection criteria and Radio Access Network (RAN) selection criteria from the cellular network.
Mobile telephone network abstraction
Aspects dynamically switch between different cellular service providers that use different ones of cellular signal encoding standards during a cellular call. A cellular phone call established from an end user device to another user on a first cellular service provider. In response to determining that the performance attributes of the first cellular service provider fail to meet the boundary values, while maintaining the established cellular phone call from the end user device to the other user without dropping the established call, or a connection of the end user to the established call, the call is automatically switched to a different (second) cellular service provider that has performance attributes meeting the boundary values and using a different cellular signal encoding standard relative to the first cellular service provider.
Method and system for transferring user equipment in mobile communication system
A method and system for transferring user equipment (UE) in a mobile communication system are disclosed. According to the method, a source core (CN) network determines to transfer a UE that it serves and sends a transfer instruction carrying UE transfer restriction information to the UE; an access network receives a transfer request that is sent by the UE according to the restriction information carried in the transfer instruction; the access network selects a target CN entity that is different from the source CN entity for the UE; and the UE is transferred to the target CN entity. The method and system provided by the disclosure are applicable to user transferring between CN entities in any communication network. The transferring is initiated by a network side entity, and a more preferable CN entity is selected for the UE to provide a better service.
Methods and arrangements for enabling continuation of ongoing positioning measurements at handover
According to one of the aspects of the proposed technology, there is provided a method for enabling continuation of ongoing positioning measurements for a User Equipment, UE, at handover from a source base station to a separate target base station. The method comprises the steps of obtaining (11) a measurement context associated with the ongoing positioning measurements to enable continued positioning measurements in a target cell of the target base station after the handover has been completed, and participating (12) in continued positioning measurements in the target cell after the handover in response to the measurement context.
Multi-cell WTRUS configured to perform mobility procedures and methods
Dual-cell or multi-cell Wireless Transmit Receive Units (WTRUs) configured to implement mobility procedures are described. The WTRU configurations implement methods to optimize and allow mobility for the procedures of cell search and cell reselection, measurement reporting and inter-frequency handovers, compressed mode measurements, and soft handovers.
Method for reselecting cell by terminal and terminal using same
Provided are a method for reselecting a cell by a terminal and a terminal using the method. According to the method, region information is received from a first system using a first radio access technology (RAT), and a cell of a second system using a second RAT is selected. The region information informs of a second region of the second system that overlaps a first region in which roaming of the terminal is not allowed in the first system.
Methods of performing cell change without receiving description of resources in a target cell
Methods and systems of performing cell change for a circuit-switched call without a mobile station receiving a description of resources in a target cell are provided. In some embodiments, a command is generated at the serving cell which indicates to the mobile station to perform a cell change without first receiving a description of resources in the target cell. In some embodiments, a command is generated at the target cell which may be like a handover command, but which indicates to the mobile station to perform the cell change without an allocation of resources.
Method for policy converging, UE, and server
A method for policy converging, a UE, and a server are provided. The method includes: sending, by a UE, a policy request message to a first policy server; receiving a policy response message from the first policy server, where the policy response message includes first policy information of the first policy server and information about at least one piece of second policy information; acquiring the at least one piece of second policy information according to the information about the at least one piece of second policy information; and converging, according to the policy response message, the first policy information and the at least one piece of second policy information to generate converged policy information.
Processing circuit switched services in an evolved packet network
The present invention discloses for the ability for processing circuit switched (CS) services in an evolved packet network. For example, embodiments provide a method that includes: by a mobility management entity (MME), receiving a mobile terminated (MT) service indication from a mobile switching center (MSC); sending the MT service indication to user equipment (UE); and receiving an MT service response returned by the UE and performing subsequent operations according to the MT service response. In the method of the present invention, when an MT service arrives, the MME does not trigger the evolved NodeB (eNodeB) to hand over the packet switched (PS) services of the UE but notifies the UE of the MT service and performs subsequent operations according to the MT service response returned by the UE, thus avoiding the waste of network resources caused by a meaningless handover of PS services.
System and method for preventing retransmission of dropped data packets from a mobile station
A system for circumventing retransmission of dropped data packets from a source mobile station is envisaged. The source mobile station is coupled to a destination mobile station. The source mobile station and destination mobile station are coupled to a source eNodeB and a destination eNodeB respectively. The source eNodeB and the destination eNodeB are configured to interpret any No Acknowledgement (NACK) messages transmitted from the destination mobile station on account of non receipt of data packets transmitted from the source mobile station, and accordingly retransmit, from a buffered data packet pool, the data packets corresponding to the NACK messages. The source eNodeB and destination eNodeB prevent NACK messages from being retransmitted to the source mobile station thereby obviating the need for the source mobile station to retransmit dropped data packets, and rendering the source mobile station available for any subsequent data transfer operations.
Base station and user terminal for performing measurement and communication in unlicensed frequency bands
A user terminal according to an embodiment comprises a receiver; and a controller. The receiver receives, from a base station, a message including first and second information. The first information is information regarding to a configuration for reporting a power measured by the user terminal in the unlicensed band, and includes period information indicating a period of a measurement in the unlicensed band. The second information is information regarding to a configuration of carrier aggregation. The controller periodically measures the power in the unlicensed band according to the period information; reports to the base station on information classified according to the measured power as information indicating the measured power, based on the first information; performs a configuration for using the unlicensed band as a secondary carrier in the carrier aggregation, based on the second information; and communicates a communication with the base station by using the secondary carrier.
Information processing apparatus, radio communication system, and terminal position estimation method
An information processing apparatus (10) includes a comparison unit (11) for comparing a plurality of pieces of RF measured information (1046) indicating signal reception information measured for each of a plurality of radio terminals (31 to 34) with a plurality of pieces of RF prediction information (1045) predicted as reception information in one radio terminal for each of a plurality of local areas, and an aggregation unit (12) for aggregating the number of radio terminals which have measured the measured information which is within a predetermined range of the prediction information, among the plurality of pieces of measured information, for each of the plurality of local areas.
Dynamic update of UE capability for inter-frequency and inter-RAT measurements
A user equipment (UE) provides a capability-type indication for each of one or more UE capabilities. Each indication corresponds to a capability type, the type being one of a persistent capability or a second-type capability. Information corresponding to the capability-type indication may be provided to an eNB associated with the UE by RRC signaling. The UE provides a capability-change indication for each of one or more UE capabilities that has changed capability type. Information corresponding to the capability-change indication may be provided to an eNB by lower layer signaling, RRC signaling, or a combination thereof. Capability change information may be sent to the eNB autonomously by the UE, or in response to an inquiry from the eNB. The inquiry from the eNB may be triggered by the UE.
Radio communication system, radio terminal, radio network, radio communication method and program
A radio terminal, which has a function to collect and report measurement information designated by a radio network, comprises: means for receiving collection/reporting control information related to the radio terminal's execution of at least one of the collection of measurement information and the reporting of the measurement information to the radio network; and control means for executing, based on the collection/reporting control information, at least one of the collection and the reporting if execution determination information, which is related to at least one of the collection of the measurement information and the reporting of the measurement information to be executed by the local terminal, satisfies a given determination criterion.
Redundant links for reliable communication
In order to maintain performance during wireless communication, a transmitting electronic device may concurrently and independently communicate redundant information to a receiving electronic device. In particular, information associated with a data stream may be communicated to the receiving electronic device using one or more channels by two radios using one or more wireless local area network communication protocols. The packets transmitted by the radios may preferentially include the same information. Moreover, the transmitting electronic device may attempt to maintain the redundant communication if a performance metric associated with the one or more channels degrades. For example, the transmitting electronic device may transfer communication to a different channel or may compress the information in the packets in the one or more channels if the throughput drops below a threshold value. Furthermore, the concurrent communication may allow the transmitting electronic device determine link quality without disrupting the communication of the information.
Autoconfigured backhaul transceiver
A microwave transceiver comprises a plurality of antenna arrays, each of which is oriented in a different direction, and circuitry operable to automatically select which of the antenna arrays to use for establishing a microwave backhaul link with a link partner. The circuitry may comprise a plurality of front-ends, each of which may be operable to perform beamforming of signals transmitted and received via a respective one of the antenna arrays. The circuitry may comprise a modem circuit. For transmit operations, the modem may generate a modulated signal for output to one of the plurality of front-end circuits. For receive operations, the modem may demodulate a signal received from one of the plurality of front-end circuits. Each of the antenna arrays may be mounted to a different one of a plurality of surfaces of a housing of the microwave transceiver. The housing of the microwave transceiver may form a polyhedron.
Motion-controlled device for supporting planning, deployment or operation of a wireless network
Systems, methods and apparatuses for a motion-controlled device that is operable to support deployment or operation of a wireless network, are disclosed. One apparatus (motion-controlled device) includes a receiver, a motion controller, and a controller. The receiver is operative to sense wireless communication signals of a wireless network. The motion controller is operative to control a positioning of the motion-controlled device in a plurality of dimensions. The controller is operative to at least facilitate analysis of the sensed wireless communication signals, and provide a control signal to the motion controller, wherein the control signal controls the positioning of the motion-controlled device based at least in part on the sensed wireless communication signals.
Apparatus, method, and software systems for smartphone-based fine-grained indoor localization
Techniques for accurate, low-complexity, scalable indoor localization. Low-complexity anchor nodes generate acoustic beacon signals, which are passively detectable by a mobile device, which may be unmodified smartphones operating in an acoustic frequency range. The acoustic beacon signals are modulated via codes in a boundary band of audio and ultrasound frequencies, imperceptible to humans yet detectable via a voice microphone of an unmodified smartphone. An application on the mobile device passively captures the acoustic beacon signals and determines relative distances to the anchor nodes. Localization and distance update techniques, implemented on the mobile device and/or a remote server, determines and updates in real-time the location of the mobile device. The system may be scalable to support any number of mobile devices. Based on the tracked location, the indoor localization system may provide indoor location-based-services (LBS) to the mobile devices, and transmit to the mobile device information relevant to its location.
Spectrum management apparatus and method, apparatus and method for base station side and user device side
The present disclosure provides a spectrum management apparatus and method, as well as an apparatus and method for base station side and user device side of a wireless communication system. The spectrum management apparatus includes: an acquiring unit, configured to acquire spectrum utilization information of at least one wireless communication system on a predetermined frequency band; a determining unit, configured to determine, according to the spectrum utilization information, spectrum utilization efficiency of a corresponding wireless communication system; and an adjusting unit, configured to adjust, based on the spectrum utilization efficiency, spectrum sensing parameters of the corresponding wireless communication system on the predetermined frequency band.
Wireless device customization resources
The present invention provides methods, systems and computer program products for facilitating loading, configuration and interaction of modular applications and/or modular components of an application on wireless devices such as M2M terminals. Modular elements may be connected to each other based on a system of permissions which determines which elements are permitted to access given services offered by other elements. Once connected, modular elements may communicate directly via a standardized interface.
Identifying traffic associated with a content provider's toll-free data service campaign
A device may receive, from a mobile device, first encrypted information, encrypted by a content provider device using a first private key, and at least one unencrypted identifier. The device may decrypt, using a first public key, the first encrypted information to obtain first information that may include second encrypted information, encrypted using a second public key. The device may decrypt, using a second private key, the second encrypted information to obtain second information that may include at least one first identifier and at least one second identifier corresponding to a toll-free data service campaign that may be provided by a content provider. The device may allow toll-free data service traffic, for the mobile device, based on whether the at least one first identifier corresponds to the at least one unencrypted identifier and the traffic includes at least one third identifier that corresponds to the at least one second identifier.
Cache-based wireless client authentication
Methods and systems for caching of remote server MAC authentication to enable fast roaming are provided. According to one embodiment, a wireless network controller of a wireless local area network (WLAN) receives an authentication request relating to a wireless client device from a wireless access point (AP) managed by the wireless network controller. It is determined whether a prior authentication result associated with the client is present in a cache of the controller. The client is permitted to access the WLAN via the AP when the prior authentication result is present and indicates the client was previously successfully authenticated. The authentication request is issued to a remote authentication device associated with the WLAN to determine a current authentication status of the client. Responsive to receipt of the current authentication status, information regarding the current authentication status is stored by the controller within the cache.
Server and method for remotely controlling working of communications terminal, and communications terminal
The present invention discloses a method for remotely controlling working of a communications terminal, and the method includes: receiving, in a push service manner, a management and control instruction actively provided by the server; parsing, according to a predetermined data exchange format, the received management and control instruction, so as to obtain corresponding operation information and acquire a device identifier, where the operation information includes command information and additional information; generating a corresponding working instruction according to the command information and the additional information that are obtained through parsing; and executing, according to the working instruction, work for protecting data security. The present invention further provides a server for remotely controlling working of a communications terminal, and a communications terminal. The present invention is capable of flexibly and conveniently controlling working of a lost communications terminal through the server for remotely controlling working of a communications terminal.
Multi-network seamless roaming mobile router with auto-discovery and migration of downstream devices on the mobile network
Method for discovering a mobile host that roams across wireless networks, each wireless network comprising a mobile router and the mobile routers being coupled to a gateway. The method includes receiving a packet comprising an address of the mobile host within one of the wireless networks; and determining whether the address of the mobile host resolves to be within a subnet of mobile hosts manageable by the mobile router of the one wireless network. When both the address of the mobile host resolve to be within the subnet of mobile hosts manageable by the mobile router of the one wireless network, the method further includes adding the address of the mobile host to a table of registered mobile hosts for the mobile router of the one wireless network, the packet comprising a dynamic host configuration protocol (DHCP) lease request for the mobile host.
Method and apparatus for managing call information
A method and apparatus for managing call information is provided. The method includes: receiving reception notification data from a server that indicates call information is received, receiving the call information from the server according to the reception notification data in response to an input of a manager and displaying the call information and an initial process state of the call information on a screen of the display.
Floor identification for emergency calls
A system may be configured to determine a floor of a building in which the user device is located at a time a call was placed. The information, indicating the determined floor, may be provided to a callee, such as a public safety answering point (“PSAP”). The floor may be determined based on, for example, comparing an altitude of the user device and/or a list of networks or devices that are visible to the user device, to a set of reference information.
Handover of on-hold session between fixed packet network and cellular network
Methods, systems, and apparatus can be used to provide handover of on-hold sessions in converged networks. In various example implementations, an on-hold session between a mobile communication device and a fixed packet network-connected peer CPE can be handed over from a fixed packet domain to a cellular domain, and vice versa. In various example implementations, an on-hold session between a mobile communication device and a PSTN-connected peer CPE can be handed over from a fixed packet domain to a cellular domain, and vice versa.
Status information update method and mobile terminal
Embodiments of the present invention provide a status information update method, including: receiving, by a first mobile terminal, a status update message sent by a second mobile terminal, where the status update message is used to indicate a change of a status of the second mobile terminal; and updating, by the first mobile terminal according to the status update message, status information of the second mobile terminal that is stored in the first mobile terminal. According to the embodiments of the present invention, a first mobile terminal directly acquires, from a second mobile terminal, a change of a status of the second mobile terminal, so that the first mobile terminal can update status information related to the second mobile terminal in time and dynamically adjust a communication manner between the first mobile terminal and the second mobile terminal, which can improve user experience.
Open type POI service system using SNS method and method thereof
Disclosed are an open type POI service system using an SNS method and a method thereof. The open type POI system includes an SNS media studio server which opens a POI to a user and registers an interest location designated by a user as an open type POI. Therefore, the SNS media studio server includes a database which stores an open type POI related to a user, and supplies the open type POI to another user who is related to the user by connection of the open type POI and SNS.
Tracking service queues using single-point signal monitoring
A method of tracking a service queue using a single-point signal monitor in which at least one customer carries a wireless device may include: receiving a received signal strength from the wireless device as a trace; identify first segments of the trace containing mostly positive sloped received signal strength; identify second segments of the trace containing mostly negative sloped received signal; extract attributes from the first and second segments as child variables for two parent nodes in a Bayesian Network in which the two parent nodes respectively model a beginning of service and a leaving period for a service queue; and inputting the extracted attributes into Bayesian Network; and determining a beginning of service and leaving period using the Bayesian Network. The method may also include determining critical time points in a trace using a K-L divergence technique.
Peer-to-peer geolocation system
A method and apparatus for location sharing, consisting of sending a location report by a location determining device to a plurality of network enabled devices over a peer-to-peer network, the location determining device being associated with a first digital key pair. A first of the plurality of network enabled devices, associated with a second digital key pair, performs a validation computation on the location report and submits a validation computation result and the location report to a remainder of the plurality of network enabled devices for inclusion in a shared ledger. Including the location report creates commercially-valued credits associated with the public key of the second digital key pair recorded in the shared ledger. A transfer of commercially-valued credits from association with the first public key of the first digital key pair to the public key of the second digital key pair is also recorded in the shared ledger.
Tracking device search party management
A lost tracking device associated with a tracking system can be located by leveraging one or more community members by inviting these members to join a search party. Search party criteria can be identified and candidate search party members can be selected and invited based on the search party criteria. When invited candidate search party members accept the invitations, they are added to the search party. A last known location of the tracking device can be provided to the search party members, and the search party can remain in effect until the lost tracking device is located. The location of the lost tracking device is provided to the tracking system, which forwards it to the owner of the lost tracking device. A reward can be provided by the owner of the lost tracking device to the tracking system, which releases the reward to the search party member that located the lost tracking device.
Privacy preservation platform
A platform that facilities preservation of user privacy with respect to location-based applications executing on mobile computing devices is described. The platform registers triggers that are set forth by location-based applications, where a trigger specifies one or more rules and includes a location constraint. The platform causes a sensor on the mobile computing device to output location data, and the platform determines if the trigger has been satisfied by comparing the location constraint with the location data. If the trigger is satisfied, the platform transmits a callback to the application. Accordingly, the application does not receive location data from the sensor.
Matching and tracking of individual and mobile device
Disclosed embodiments provide systems, methods, and computer program products for associating mobile devices with identities of individuals, and tracking such individuals using the location of respective devices. Initially, a user registration process is performed to register an individual for a tracking list. A unique identifier is wirelessly detected from a mobile device in proximity to the individual. The unique identifier is added to the tracking list. The location of the mobile device within the venue is tracked using the unique identifier. When the individual exits the venue, the departure is recorded, and the unique identifier is removed from the tracking list.
Method, system and apparatus for location-based machine-assisted interactions
In accordance with one example embodiment of the present invention a method comprises at least partially enabling a set of functionalities and attributes associated to an area for facilitating business transactions, networking activities, or social interactions of users who are within, proximate, or associated, at least provisionally, with said area. In some implementations, the present invention provides functionalities apt to discover taxonomies of users in relation to locations. In some other implementations, the present invention provides functionalities apt to trace or follow up with users who have associated their identities, at least during a time window, with said area.
Apparatus and method for receiving an audio signal
A mobile device (200) for receiving an audio signal from a source (390) via a base station (300) is disclosed. The mobile device comprises a first wireless communication interface (220) operable to communicate using a first mode of wireless communication; a second wireless communication interface (230)_operable to communicate using a second mode of wireless communication, the second mode having a shorter range than the first mode; and a controller (210) configured to switch from receiving the audio signal from the base station via the first wireless communication interface to receiving the audio signal via the second wireless communication interface when the mobile device is proximate to the base station.
Information processing apparatus and control method therefor, portable terminal and control method therefor, and service providing system
According to this invention, a service providing apparatus displays information of an information device cooperating with a wearable information device connected by wireless communication, and performs service execution processing for the information device cooperating with the wearable information device.
NFC device with multiple secure elements
An NFC device includes first and second secure elements, an NFC router, and a processor. A method involves emulating, by the NFC router in response to a command from the processing device, an RF card emulation transaction. The RF card emulation transaction includes transmitting by the NFC router a command to the first and second secure elements to verify the presence of NFC transaction applications in the first and second secure elements. The method also includes receiving, by the NFC router, responses from the first and second secure elements and a new RF message from an NFC terminal. The responses indicate the NFC transaction applications stored by the first and second secure elements, and the new RF message relates to an NFC transaction. The new RF message is routed to the first or second secure element based on the responses.
Method and apparatus for determining silence time
A transmission method comprises: connecting a first wireless device to a second wireless device; determining by the first wireless device whether a silence time is assigned to the second wireless device; setting a communication period with the second wireless device according to the assigned silence time if the silence time assigned to the second wireless device is recorded in the first wireless device; and determining by the first wireless device the silence time according to a traffic transmitted from the second wireless device if the silence time assigned to the second wireless device is not recorded in the first wireless device.
Method and device for controlling multipriority in wireless communication system
A method and a user equipment (UE) configured for dual priority for controlling a backoff timer are discussed. The method according to an embodiment includes transmitting a first non access stratum (NAS) request message without an access point name (APN) including a low priority indicator set to a first value to a network node; receiving a reject message for the NAS request message from the network node; initiating a session management (SM) backoff timer in response to the reject message; and transmitting a second NAS request message including the low priority indicator set to a second value to the network node while the SM backoff timer is running. The first value of the low priority indicator indicates that the UE is configured for NAS signaling low priority. The second value of the low priority indicator indicates that the UE is not configured for NAS signaling low priority.
Server for sending new application portions to mobile wireless communications devices and related methods
A communications system is to communicate with an application server storing a plurality of applications. The communications system includes a mobile wireless communications device configured to store at least one application from among the plurality of applications, the at least one application having stored version information associated therewith. An intermediate server is configured to update the mobile wireless communications device by at least obtaining respective current version information for associated current versions of the plurality of applications and obtaining the stored application version information from the mobile wireless communications device for the at least one stored application. The stored application version information is compared with the current version information for the at least one stored application. New application portions are downloaded from a current application associated with the current version information, and the new application portions are sent to the mobile wireless communications device.
Correction of sound signal based on shift of listening point
A sound processing device includes a shift detection unit that detects a shift of a listening point on which a user listens to a sound in a sound field space from a standard reference listening point, and a correction unit that corrects a sound signal based on first sound field correction data for correcting a sound field when the listening point is the standard reference listening point and second sound field correction data for correcting a sound field of the listening point when the listening point is shifted from the standard reference listening point.
Self-fitting of a hearing device
Disclosed herein are systems and methods enabling hearing aid fitting by a non-expert consumer at home. The method in one embodiment involves delivering a sequence of test audio signals corresponding to natural sound segments to a non-acoustic input of a programmable hearing device in-situ, while allowing the consumer to adjust fitting parameters based perceptual assessment of hearing device output. The sound segments define a fitting soundscape representing a practical range of sounds within the normal human auditory range, with each sound segment corresponding to one or more fitting parameters of the programmable hearing device. The consumer is instructed to listen to the output of the in-situ hearing device and adjust controls related to corresponding fitting parameters. In one embodiment, the fitting system comprises a personal computer and a handheld device providing calibrated test audio signals and a programming interface. The systems and methods disclosed herein allow home dispensing of hearing devices without requiring specialized instruments or clinical settings.
Method for operating a hearing device and hearing device
A hearing device comprises a receiver, an input buffer and a sample processor, the receiver being adapted to receive samples of a digital audio signal and feed received samples as a digital input signal to the input buffer, the sample processor being adapted to process the buffered samples to provide samples of a digital output signal such that the digital output signal is a sample-rate converted representation of the digital input signal with a predetermined target sample rate. The hearing device further comprises a latency controller adapted to estimate the quality of reception of the digital audio signal and to control the processing of the buffered samples in dependence on the estimated quality of reception.
Microphone package with molded spacer
A microelectromechanical system (MEMS) microphone package including a MEMS microphone die configured to sense acoustic pressure and to generate a signal based on the acoustic pressure. An application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) electrically connects to the MEMS microphone die. The MEMS microphone package includes a molded package spacer that connects to a conductive lid and to a substrate. The molded package spacer forms side walls of the MEMS microphone package and is adapted to route electrical connections from the MEMS microphone die and the ASIC to the substrate.
Adaptive microphone signal processing for a foldable computing device
A computing device includes a first housing and a second housing attached by a hinge. The first housing includes a first microphone and the second housing includes a second microphone. After determining that an angle between the first and second housing has changed to a current angle, the computing device may determine a distance between the first microphone and the second microphone based on the current angle. A first audio signal from the first microphone and a second audio signal from the second microphone may each be modified (e.g., using a beamforming algorithm) to create first and second modified audio signals. The first and second modified audio signals may include less noise than the first and second audio signals. The first and second modified audio signals may be sent to an output jack or to an audio application.
Host interface, accessory interface and method for managing a connection between a host interface and an accessory device
A host interface for a media device comprises a first and a second host audio terminal for receiving a first and a second analog audio signal, a first and a second connector audio terminal for connecting a first and a second pole of a four-pole connector, and a host control circuit. The host control circuit is adapted to detect whether a device requiring a supply signal over the four-pole connector is connected. If no such device is detected, the first and the second analog audio signal are passed to the first and the second connector audio terminal. If such a device is detected, the first connector audio terminal is connected to a supply terminal.
Incoming/outgoing-talk unit and incoming-talk unit
The present specification discloses an incoming/outgoing-talk unit having an ear-hook unit, a cartilage conduction vibration unit that makes contact with ear cartilage in a state where the hook unit is hooked to the ear, an outgoing-talk unit, and a unit for performing short-range wireless communication with the mobile telephone. Further disclosed is an incoming-talk unit having an ear-hook unit, and a cartilage conduction vibration unit for transmitting cartilage conduction from outside of ear cartilage in a state where the hook unit is hooked to the ear. Also disclosed is an incoming-talk unit having a three-dimensional viewing adjustment unit, a temple having a unit for adjusting contact of eyesight-adjusting eyeglasses with the temple when the unit is superposedly mounted on the eyesight-adjusting eyeglasses; and an audio information output unit provided to the temple.
Enhancing audio performance of a consumer electronic device by producing compensation parameters based on the acoustic signature of the device
An integrated loudspeaker assembly along with associated methods and systems for enhancing audio output from a consumer electronic device including such an integrated loudspeaker assembly are disclosed. More particularly an integrated loudspeaker assembly configured to utilize the enclosure of an associated consumer electronic device for back volume is disclosed. Methods and systems for optimizing the audio performance of a consumer electronic device with an integrated loudspeaker assembly are also disclosed.
Method and system for converting between protocols
In an embodiment a protocol converter module for use with a gas transmitter assembly having a gas sensor, a controller, and a detector transceiver housed within an intrinsically safe detector housing is provided. The controller module comprises a converter housing having a converter mount configured to securely mount the converter module to the detector housing. A controller module includes a first converter transceiver, within the converter housing, configured to bi-directionally exchange data with the detector transceiver utilizing a first protocol. The controller module also includes a second converter transceiver, also within the converter housing, configured to bi-directionally exchange data with an external device using a second protocol. The controller module also include, an electronic converter, also within the converter housing, coupled to the first and second converter transceivers and configured to convert the data between the first and second protocols.
Video advertisement customization by compositing
Systems and methods are disclosed for providing composite content, such as video content, by compositing. A template content may be received and may have one or more color blocks. One or more drop-in content sets may each have one or more drop-in content that correspond to the one or more colors of the template content color blocks. The one or more color blocks of the template content may be replaced with its corresponding drop-in content from one of the one or more drop-in content sets to generate a composite content. Furthermore, the composite content may have demographic, geographic, and/or behavioral parameters associated with it to enable targeting the composite content, such as in the form of advertisements and/or product or service recommendations, to one or more users.
Systems and methods for data representation and transportation
Systems and methods reduce redundancy in a data representation. The data is divided into a plurality of data portions. The data portions are used to encode a plurality of compressed data portions, wherein the compressed data portions correspond to a subset of the data portions and comprise less redundant data than the subset of the data portions. The compressed data portions are also encoded in accordance with data in the remaining data portions. The compressed data portions are transmitted instead of the subset of the data portions with the remaining data portions according to a sequence of data portions. Each of the compressed data portions is transmitted upon receiving an acknowledgment message that indicates successful transmission of a previous data portion or compressed data portion in the sequence of data portions.
Dynamic adjustment of electronic program guide displays based on viewer preferences for minimizing navigation in VOD program selection
Items of video content offered for viewing on a video-on-demand (VOD) platform of a digital TV service provider are each assigned a respective title and hierarchical address corresponding to hierarchically-arranged categories and subcategories within which the title for the video content is to be categorized. The title is listed in a location of an electronic program guide (EPG) using the same categories and subcategories as its hierarchical address. Any TV subscriber can access the EPG and navigate through its categories and subcategories to find a title for viewing on the TV. The EPG dynamically adjust its display listings of each level of categories, subcategories, and titles in order to minimize the number of remote control keypresses needed for a viewer to navigate to a title of interest. In one basic form, the EPG display is reordered by listing more frequently visited categories or subcategories first, and other less frequently visited categories or subcategories lower on the listing or out-of-sight on another page of the display.
Video reception device, information display method, and video reception system
A video receiving apparatus includes a receiver, a first display, an extractor, an information forming controller, a number-of-viewer detector, a communicator, and a display controller, leading to appropriate display of configuration information and associated information of a video content. The extractor extracts a partial content from the video content. The information forming controller forms the configuration information from the partial content. The number-of-viewer detector detects the number of viewers present within a predetermined area. The communicator receives an identifier transmitted from a mobile terminal having a second display. The display controller can selectively display the configuration information on the second display of the mobile terminal identified by the identifier, and displays the configuration information on at least one of the first and second displays based on the number of the viewers and the number of the identifiers.
Parameterized services descriptor for advanced television services
A method, computer program, reception apparatus, and information providing apparatus for accessing or providing access to content. The method includes receiving a transport stream from a content provider. A virtual channel table (VCT) is extracted from the transport stream. Further, a determination is made as to whether one or more services, corresponding to an entry included in the VCT, are supported by the reception apparatus based on one or more parameterized service descriptor (PSD) instances, which are associated with a predetermined Service Type and included in the VCT.
Apparatus for transreceiving signals and method for transreceiving signals
The present invention relates to an apparatus for transreceiving signals and a method for transreceiving signals. One embodiment of the present invention provides a method for transmitting signals comprising the steps of: encoding video data; generating signaling information which signals displaying the encoded video data so as to fit the screen ratio of a receiver, wherein the signaling information includes screen ratio control information for displaying high-resolution video data of a first screen ratio regardless of the screen ratio of the receiver; and multiplexing the encoded video data and the signaling information and transmitting the multiplexed video data and the signaling information.
Storing multiple instances of content
Content receivers may simultaneously record multiple instances of content for multiple programming channels based on content provider instructions. Systems and methods utilize the content receivers to record these multiple instances from at least a single transponder. In some instances, multiple transponders may have a common control word so that content carried on each such transponder may be simultaneously received, decoded and recorded. Further, a single demodulator may be associated with multiple tuners, so that the single demodulator processes all content received from transponders with common control words and/or other encryption mechanisms.
Method and system for selecting and viewing sports content and a scoreguide in a virtual reality device
A virtual reality (VR) system including a head mounted display (HMD), a sensor or an input device, a selection module, a scoreguide module and a display module. The HMD displays a VR environment including sports content of a live game, a prerecorded game, or a sports channel. The sensor or input device is connected to the HMD and generates signals based on detection of at least one of movement of the HMD, movement of an eyeball of a user, voice communication of the user, or user contact with the input device. The selection module selects the sports content based on the signals and generates a selection signal indicating the sports content. The scoreguide module generates a scoreguide based on the signals. The display module displays the sports content in the VR environment based on the selection signal and displays the scoreguide in the VR environment based on the signals.
Efficient frame rendering
A user may interact with an interactive remote display (e.g., touch input) and the interaction may be sent to an application on a mobile device. The mobile device (application and/or encoder) may render frames for the display when there is a change. Latency in the pipeline may be alleviated by determine a rendering rate for an application. A dummy frame may be sent to the encoder if the application is not a constant rendering type of application. The dummy frames may be sent subsequent to the rendered frames to flush the pipeline.
Method and system for addressable and program independent advertising during recorded programs
A system and method for delivering addressable or targeted advertising to subscribers during programming that the subscribers have recorded identifies the timing and characterization of programs to be recorded and the probable subscriber of those programs. Using the subscriber profiles of those subscribers, either already developed or generated on-the-fly based on program selection, and ad characterizations/profiles, the system generates a schedule of advertisements to be inserted into the avails (advertising opportunities) of the programming as it is recorded. The schedule generated can depend on correlations or matching between the ad profiles and the subscribers' profile, scheduling requirements (i.e., contracts and sales with advertisers) and timing. This system allows for targeted advertising to be delivered to subscribers during recorded programming and thus provides for additional opportunities for advertisers to reach subscribers in a highly addressable fashion.
Controlling bit-rates for media streaming sessions
In one embodiment, a method includes (a) discerning whether an average packet delay in a media streaming session is increasing or decreasing over a first defined time window, (b) discerning whether an average jitter in the media streaming session is increasing or decreasing over a second defined time window, (c) in response to (a) and (b), calculating a specific bit-rate quantity corresponding to a change in bit-rate, and (d) controlling a bit-rate of the media streaming session in accordance with the specific bit-rate quantity.
Media production system with dynamic modification of multiple media items
In one aspect, an example method includes (i) accessing a first set of ordered content items and a second set of active/inactive status attributes; (ii) identifying a subset of the first set based on each content item of the subset corresponding to an active status attribute in the second set; (iii) using the content items of the identified subset to generate a plurality of media items, each generated media item including the content items of the identified subset and being a respective type of media item; (iv) determining that a particular content item of the first set satisfies a condition, wherein the particular content item corresponds to a particular active/inactive status attribute of the second set; (v) based on the determination, modifying the particular active/inactive status attribute; and (vi) after modifying the particular active/inactive status attribute, repeating the identifying and using acts, thereby causing modification of the generated media items.
Image coding method and image coding device for partitioning an image into processing units and coding the partitioned image to generate a code sequence
Provided is an image coding method that partitions an input image signal into processing units, and that codes the partitioned image to generate a code sequence. In particular, the image coding method determines a partitioning pattern for hierarchically partitioning the input image signal in order starting from a largest unit of the processing units, generates partition information indicative of the partitioning pattern, and codes partition information. The partition information includes maximum used hierarchy depth information indicative of a maximum used hierarchy depth which is a hierarchy depth of a deepest processing unit of the processing units included in the partitioning pattern.
Method and apparatus for motion information prediction and inheritance in video coding
Embodiments of the present invention re-use at least a portion of motion information of the corresponding block for the motion information of the current block if a corresponding reference picture corresponding to a reference picture pointed by the corresponding block is in a current reference picture list of the current block. If the corresponding reference picture is not in the current reference picture list of the current block, the motion information of the current block is determined using an alternative process, where at least a portion of the motion information, which was used in the previous case, is not re-used for the current block according to the alternative process.
Managing multi-reference picture buffers for video data coding
Encoding and decoding is accomplished herein using a multi-reference picture buffer. Decoding includes receiving an encoded video stream, determining an expected error value representing possible frame errors, decoding a plurality of reference frames from the video stream, adding each of the plurality of reference frames to the reference picture buffers up to a maximum number of reference picture buffers, and determining an encoded video stream error value representing actual frame errors based on the decoded plurality of reference frames. If the encoded video stream error value is greater than the decoded expected error value, an error is signaled.
Apparatus for encoding moving picture
Provided is an apparatus for encoding a moving picture that determines a quantization step size of a previous coding block according to scan order as the quantization step size predictor of the current coding block when a quantization step size of a left coding block of a current coding block and a quantization step size of an above coding block of the current coding block are unavailable and determines an available motion vector encountered first when retrieving motion vectors in the order of motion vector of a first predetermined position and motion vector of a second predetermined position in a reference picture as a temporal motion vector candidate. Therefore, it is possible to reduce the amount of coding bits required to encode motion information and the quantization step size of the current prediction block.
System and methodology for video compression
A system and method for compressing video is disclosed, in which video frames that between consecutive I-frames are grouped into a video data set. The video data set is split into separate homogeneous files, and each of the homogeneous files are individually compressed. In one embodiment, the individually compressed files are multiplexed to form a bit stream.
Moving image encoding device, moving image decoding device, moving image coding method, and moving image decoding method
When an encoding mode corresponding to one of blocks to be encoded into which an image is divided by a block dividing part 2 is an inter encoding mode which is a direct mode, a motion-compensated prediction part 5 selects a motion vector suitable for generation of a prediction image from one or more selectable motion vectors and also carries out a motion-compensated prediction process on the block to be encoded to generate a prediction image by using the motion vector, and outputs index information showing the motion vector to a variable length encoding part 13, and the variable length encoding unit 13 variable-length-encodes the index information.
High dynamic range codecs
A method for encoding high dynamic range (HDR) images involves providing a lower dynamic range (LDR) image, generating a prediction function for estimating the values for pixels in the HDR image based on the values of corresponding pixels in the LDR image, and obtaining a residual frame based on differences between the pixel values of the HDR image and estimated pixel values. The LDR image, prediction function and residual frame can all be encoded in data from which either the LDR image of HDR image can be recreated.
Image decoding device
An image decoding device is equipped with a header information decoding means for decoding profile/level information included in a video parameter set after decoding byte-aligned 16-bit extension information (next_essential_info_byte_offset) in the video parameter set.
Generic use of HEVC SEI messages for multi-layer codecs
In an example, a method of coding video data includes coding one or more non-video coding layer (VCL) network abstraction layer (NAL) units of a layer of a multi-layer bitstream of video data, where the one or more non-VCL NAL units contain an SEI message having an SEI payload type. The method also includes determining one or more syntax values of the multi-layer bitstream to which the SEI message applies based on the SEI payload type.
Multimedia device and motion estimation method thereof
A motion estimation method is provided for generating a motion vector of a to-be-generated frame between two continuous reference frames. The method includes the following steps. A candidate motion vector is obtained according to the position of a to-be-generated block of a to-be-generated frame. Two first reference blocks are obtained from the two reference frames by extending the candidate motion vector from the to-be-generated block to the two reference frames, respectively. Two second reference blocks are obtained from the two reference frames by extending the candidate motion vector from one reference frame to another reference frame. Whether the candidate motion vector is valid is determined according to the positions of the two reference blocks obtained in each obtaining step. The corresponding motion vector of the to-be-generated block is determined according to the valid candidate motion vector.
Moving picture coding device, moving picture coding method, and moving picture coding program, and moving picture decoding device, moving picture decoding method, and moving picture decoding program
In a moving picture coding device that further divides a first block acquired by dividing each picture of a moving picture into a predetermined size into one or a plurality of second blocks and codes the moving picture in units of blocks, a quantization parameter calculation unit calculates a quantization parameter of the second block. A predictive quantization parameter deriving unit derives a predictive quantization parameter of the second block by using the quantization parameter of one or a plurality of third blocks that are neighboring to the second block. The predictive quantization parameter deriving unit derives the predictive quantization parameter of the second block by using a quantization parameter of a fourth block coded before the second block in a case where the third block neighboring to the second block is located at a position beyond a boundary of the first block.
Moving picture coding device, moving picture coding method, and moving picture coding program, and moving picture decoding device, moving picture decoding method, and moving picture decoding program
In a moving picture coding device that codes moving pictures in units of a block by partitioning a first block, which is obtained by partitioning each picture of the moving pictures into predetermined sizes, into one or a plurality of second blocks, a quantization parameter calculation unit calculates a quantization parameter of the second block. A predictive quantization parameter deriving unit derives a predictive quantization parameter of the second block using quantization parameters of a third block adjacent to the left of the second block and a fourth block adjacent to the top of the second block. A differential quantization parameter generation unit generates a differential quantization parameter of the second block from a difference between the quantization parameter of the second block and the predictive quantization parameter. A first bitstream generation unit codes the differential quantization parameter of the second block.
Image processing apparatus and method
The present disclosure relates to an image processing device and a method capable of suppressing the reduction of an image quality due to encoding/decoding. The image processing device includes: a quantization unit that when orthogonal transform processing is skipped with respect to a current block, quantizes all components of the current block using one weighting coefficient and when the orthogonal transform processing is performed on the current block, quantizes each component of the current block using a quantization matrix; an encoding unit that encodes the coefficient of the current block which is quantized by the quantization unit; and a transmission unit that transmits the coded data of the current block which is obtained by being encoded by the encoding unit. The present disclosure can be applied to, for example, an image processing device.
Framework for quality-aware video optimization
A computer-implemented method includes receiving an encoded video frame, decompressing the received encoded video frame, extracting a first quantization parameter (QP) from the decompressed video frame, and acquiring a delta QP based on the first QP. The method also includes acquiring a second QP based on the delta QP and the first QP, compressing the decompressed video frame based on the second QP, and providing the compressed video frame. The first QP corresponds to quantization settings originally used for compressing the encoded video frame. And the second QP corresponds to quantization settings for compressing the decompressed video frame.
Moving picture coding device, moving picture coding method and moving picture coding program, and moving picture decoding device, moving picture decoding method and moving picture decoding program
A merging motion information candidate list construction unit generates a merging motion information candidate list, which is a list of merging motion information candidates, using a spatial merging motion information candidate and a temporal merging motion information candidate. A second merging motion information candidate supplying unit generates a new merging motion information candidate including, if a reference index indicates an available reference picture, the reference index and, if the reference index does not indicate an available reference picture, a predetermined reference index along with a motion vector having a size and a direction that are preset and adds the new merging motion information candidate to the merging motion information candidate list. A merging motion information selection unit selects one merging motion information candidate from the merging motion information candidate list to which the new merging motion information candidate has been added.
Method and apparatus for encoding and decoding video using intra prediction mode dependent adaptive quantization matrix
A method of encoding video using intra prediction mode dependent quantization matrix includes: calculating an array of quantizers for each size of block unit (100); encoding the arrays of quantizers into header of compressed video stream (102); selecting one scanning order based on a selected intra prediction mode among a plurality of scanning orders (112); scanning the array of quantizers to obtain a block of quantizers based on the selected scanning order (114).
Methods and apparatus related to capturing and/or rendering images
Camera and/or lens calibration information is generated as part of a calibration process in video systems including 3-dimensional (3D) immersive content systems. The calibration information can be used to correct for distortions associated with the source camera and/or lens. A calibration profile can include information sufficient to allow the system to correct for camera and/or lens distortion/variation. This can be accomplished by capturing a calibration image of a physical 3D object corresponding to the simulated 3D environment, and creating the calibration profile by processing the calibration image. The calibration profile can then be used to project the source content directly into the 3D viewing space while also accounting for distortion/variation, and without first translating into an intermediate space (e.g., a rectilinear space) to account for lens distortion.
Driver assistance for a vehicle
Systems and techniques are disclosed for driver assistance. A driver assistance apparatus executes a first plurality of operations for a first frame of stereo images acquired by a stereo camera, and then executes a second plurality of operations for a second frame of the stereo images. The driver assistance apparatus includes at least one processor configured to receive the first frame from the stereo camera and determine a first scheduling for the first plurality of operations in the first frame, execute the first plurality of operations according to the first scheduling, and measure execution times of the first plurality of operations according to the first scheduling. The at least one processor then receives the second frame from the stereo camera and determines a second scheduling for the second plurality of operations based on the measured execution times of the first plurality operations that were executed in the first frame.
Apparatus and method for producing new 3D stereoscopic video from 2D video
Provided are an apparatus and method for producing new 3D stereoscopic video from 2D video. The method for producing new 3D stereoscopic video from 2D video, which may be implemented by a computer, includes segmenting input 2D video into work clips in units of cuts, generating object region extraction information from each of the work clips, and generating stereoscopic conversion work directives for each of the work clips on the basis of the object region extraction information.
Image processing method, image processing apparatus, image pickup apparatus, and non-transitory computer-readable storage medium
An image processing method includes the steps of determining a first unnecessary component included in each of a plurality of parallax images based on a plurality of pieces of relative difference information of the parallax images (S14, S25, S35, S46), calculating a synthesis value of the first unnecessary components included in the parallax images (S15, S26, S36, S47), and reducing a second unnecessary component included in a synthesis image of the parallax images based on the synthesis value of the first unnecessary components (S17, S28, S38, S50).
Apparatus and method for providing image, and apparatus and method for playing image
Provided is a video providing method and a video playing method for a three-dimensional (3D) video, and an apparatus for performing the methods. The video providing method may transmit a reconstruction mode for reconstructing a low-resolution additional video having lower resolution than a high-resolution reference video.
Color calibration of color image rendering devices
Color calibration of color image rendering devices, such as large color displays, which operate by either projection or emission of images, utilize internal color measurement instrument or external color measurement modules locatable on a wall or speaker. A dual use camera is provided for a portable or laptop computer, or a cellular phone, handset, personal digital assistant or other handheld device with a digital camera, in which one of the camera or a display is movable with respect to the other to enable the camera in a first mode to capture images of the display for enabling calibration of the display, and in a second mode for capturing image other than of the display. The displays may represent rendering devices for enabling virtual proofing in a network, or may be part of stand-alone systems and apparatuses for color calibration. Improved calibration is also provided for sensing and correcting for non-uniformities of rendering devices, such as color displays, printer, presses, or other color image rendering device.
Image processing apparatus, image processing method and program
The present invention has an object to enable white balance correction appropriate to an image photographed with strobe light-emitting. An image processing apparatus includes: a first correcting unit that corrects image data photographed with strobe light-emitting using a first WEB correction value corresponding to environmental light, and generates a first WEB correction image; a second correcting unit that corrects the image data photographed with strobe light-emitting using a second WEB correction value corresponding to strobe light, and generates a second WEB correction image; a combining ratio calculating unit that obtains a combining ratio of the first and second WEB correction images based on information on a distance to an object photographed with strobe light-emitting and distribution characteristics of the strobe light; and a combining unit that combines the first and second WEB correction images based on the combining ratio.
Projector device and heat dissipation system thereof
A projector device and a heat dissipation system thereof are provided. The heat dissipation system includes a heat dissipating target chip and a heat dissipating module. The heat dissipating target chip has a bottom surface having a heat dissipating area. The heat dissipating module has a heat dissipating body and a heat passage. The heat dissipating body includes a connection end facing the bottom surface, and the heat passage extends out from the connection end and is heat exchange connected to the heat dissipating area. The heat passage has a first cross-section and a second cross-section, wherein the second cross-section is farther away to the heat dissipating area than the first cross-section. The second cross-section area is larger than the first cross-section area.
Information processing apparatus and information processing method for correction of images
An information processing apparatus includes an obtaining unit, a setting unit, and a correction unit. The obtaining unit obtains a first image including a first overlap area having a first end side portion and a second image including a second overlap area having a second end side portion. The setting unit sets a first reference line that forms a first division area in the first overlap area and a second reference line that forms a second division area in the second overlap area. The correction unit executes corrections for the first overlap area, the first division area, and the second division area with the first reference line, the first end side portion, and the second end side portion respectively, the corrections being based on shapes of the first and second overlap areas and based on projection of the first image and the second image.
Systems and methods for remote data collection using unmanned vehicles
Systems and methods for using unassisted vehicles to assess damage in a particular location are described. According to certain aspects, the systems and methods may utilize an unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) and a plurality of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The UGV and the UAVs may be configured with various sensors to capture various damage or environmental data. The UGV and/or the UAVs may also transmit captured data to a central facility for processing. The UGV may serve as a mobile docking and recharging platform for the UAVs and may therefore extend the range and endurance of the UAVs. The UGV may be configured for remote operation, thus eliminating the need to send personnel into a potentially dangerous environment.
Method and apparatus for an attention monitoring eye-view recorder
1. An embodiment of an attention monitoring eye-view image and attention recording apparatus includes an eyeglass frame, at least one first optical unit disposed on the eyeglass frame for capturing an image corresponding to a field of view of a user, and at least one second optical unit disposed on the eyeglass frame for tracking movement of at least one eye of the user to determine a direction within the field of view to which the at least one eye is directed. The eye-view image recording apparatus further includes at least one accelerometer to track the head movement of the user and at least one processor to determine the user's mental attention level and the direction within the field of view to which the at least one eye is directed, and generating a subset of the captured image based on the determination.
Systems and methods for providing interactive video services
An apparatus includes a plurality of content sources providing content relevant to an event at a venue, one or more wireless access points positioned at the venue, a plurality of servers distributing the content signals to the wireless access points, and a plurality of wireless communication devices, each using a browser to retrieve the content through one of the wireless access points. A method performed by the apparatus is also provided.
Method and system for controlling a user receiving device using voice commands
A system and method includes a language processing module converting an electrical signal corresponding to an audible signal into a textual signal. The system further includes a command generation module converting the textual signal into a user receiving device control signal. A controller controls a function of a user receiving device in response to the user receiving device control signal.
Image transfer apparatus
A video transmitting apparatus including: a first register that is set when receiving a CEC (Consumer Electronics Control) message which is transmitted by a video signal source and is reset in response to a leading edge of a predetermined voltage that is supplied from said video signal source; and a second register which reads an EDID (Extended Display Identification Data) of a video displaying apparatus, is set when a decision is made that said video displaying apparatus is a predetermined video displaying apparatus, and is reset when a state where an HPD (Hot Plug Detect) is in a state of low has continued for a predetermined period of time or longer, wherein when both of said first and second registers have been set, a determination is made that said video signal source, said video transmitting apparatus, and said video displaying apparatus have been connected.
Radiation imaging system, control apparatus, control method, and storage medium
A radiation imaging system includes a radiation imaging apparatus including a radiation detection unit in which conversion elements configured to convert radiation into electric charges are arranged and a driving unit configured to drive the radiation detection unit, and a control apparatus configured to control the radiation imaging apparatus. The control apparatus includes: a determination unit configured to determine whether a remaining image sensing enable time acquired by subtracting an elapsed time from initialization of the radiation detection unit from an image sensing enable time for a radiation image in use of the radiation detection unit is not less than a threshold time; a control unit configured to change operating states of the radiation detection unit and the driving unit in accordance with the determination result; and an operation detection unit configured to detect an operation instruction for the control unit.
Line-interleaved image sensors
Photocharge is integrated within a first plurality of pixels of an integrated-circuit image sensor during a first exposure interval. A read-out signal is output from each pixel of the first plurality of pixels upon conclusion of the first exposure interval, each read-out signal indicating a respective level of photocharge integrated within the corresponding pixel during the first exposure interval. Photocharge is also integrated within a second plurality of pixels during a second exposure interval that transpires concurrently with the first exposure interval and has a duration not more than half the duration of the first exposure interval. A read-out signal is output from each pixel of the second plurality of pixels at least twice with respect to the second exposure interval, with each such read-out signal indicating a respective level of photocharge integrated within the corresponding pixel during at least a portion of the second exposure interval.
Imaging apparatus, image processing method, and program
A defective pixel of an imaging device is detected. An output pixel value of the defective pixel is corrected to generate an output image. An imaging device, and a signal processing unit for analyzing an output signal from the imaging device and detecting a defective pixel are included. The imaging device receives incident light via, for example, a microlens placed in front of a pixel, inputs the same subject light on a local area basis including a plurality of pixels of the imaging device, and acquires an image signal lower than a pixel resolving power corresponding to the pixel density of the imaging device. The signal processing unit compares the pixel values of the same color pixels included in a local area on a local area basis including a cluster of the plurality of pixels of the imaging device, detects the defective pixel based on the comparison result, and corrects and outputs a pixel value of a pixel determined to be a defective pixel.
Semiconductor device, method of manufacturing same, and method of controlling semiconductor device
Provided are a semiconductor device capable of detecting a light of each color with high accuracy without using a color filter, particularly enhancing detection accuracy of charges obtained by photoelectric conversion of a long-wavelength light, and manufacturing and control methods thereof. The semiconductor device has a p type semiconductor substrate, and first, second and third pixel regions. These regions each include a p type well region in the p type semiconductor substrate and an n type region configuring a pn junction therewith. The p type well region of the first pixel region is thinner, from the main surface to the lowermost portion, than that of the second and third pixel regions. On the side opposite to the main surface of the p type well region of the first and second pixel regions, a buried p type well region contiguous to the p type well region is further placed.
Lens unit, camera system, and control method for aperture
A lens unit, having a photographing lens, an aperture, and an aperture drive mechanism for opening and closing the aperture, comprising a memory that stores characteristics of the aperture drive mechanism, an aperture drive section that drives the aperture drive mechanism, and an aperture control section that controls the aperture drive section so that rate of change of light amount that passes through the aperture as a result of opening and closing operations of the aperture becomes constant, based on the characteristics of the aperture drive mechanism.
System and method for generating a digital image
A system, method, and computer program product for generating a digital image. The method comprises receiving a shutter release command and causing a camera module to sample a first image of a photographic scene based on a first set of sampling parameters in response to the shutter release command. Next, the first image within an image set is stored and a camera module is caused to sample a second image of the photographic scene based on a second set of sampling parameters in response to the shutter release command. Additionally, the second image within the image set is stored, and a strobe intensity value is specified based on a measured exposure for images in the image set. Lastly, a strobe unit is configured based on the strobe intensity value, and in response to configuring the strobe unit, the camera module is caused to sample a final image.
Image forming method for forming a high-resolution image, and a related image forming apparatus and image forming program
Images are combined with high accuracy, and a high-definition image that is superior in the sensitivity and the saturation characteristics is formed. An image forming method includes detecting a difference between a plurality of images by comparing respective high-resolution areas included in the plurality of images; based on the difference, adjusting position information associated with the plurality of images, respectively; and combining respective low-resolution areas of the plurality of images in which the pieces of position information is adjusted.
Imaging control device, imaging apparatus, and imaging control method
To obtain an appropriate exposure condition even in second photographing when generating an image with an expanded dynamic range. An exposure control unit controls an imaging element including a normal pixel for generating an image signal and a low-sensitivity pixel for generating a low-sensitivity image signal and having lower photoelectric conversion sensitivity to visible light than the normal pixel under a predetermined exposure condition and causes the imaging element to output the image signal and the low-sensitivity image signal. A low-sensitivity histogram generating unit generates a low-sensitivity histogram indicating an appearance frequency distribution of the low-sensitivity image signal based on the low-sensitivity image signal. A short-time exposure condition calculating unit calculates a short-time exposure condition with an exposure time shorter than the exposure condition based on the generated low-sensitivity histogram. A short-time exposure control unit controls the imaging element under the calculated short-time exposure condition and causes the imaging element to output a short-time exposure image signal as an image signal generated by the normal pixel. A combining unit combines the image signal and the short-time exposure image signal.
Imaging apparatus for displaying selected face in in-focus state and method for controlling imaging apparatus
A display control apparatus includes a display control unit configured to control a display unit to display a main region where an image is displayed and a sub region where a list of object regions in the image is displayed, the sub region being smaller than the main region, and a selection unit configured to receive a selection instruction to select one of the object regions from the list of object regions displayed in the sub region. The display control unit is configured to control the display unit to display an image focused on an object region selected according to the selection instruction received by the selection unit.
Photographing method of an electronic device and the electronic device thereof
A photographing method of an electronic device and the electronic device thereof are provided. The method includes activating a first camera module and a second camera module, displaying an image captured by the activated first camera module on a screen, and capturing an image of the first camera module displayed on the screen based on information of an image captured by the second camera module photographing. An image captured by the activated first camera module is displayed on a screen. An image of the first camera module displayed on the screen is captured based on information of an image captured by the second camera module.
Modular lens for extremely wide field of view
A modular compound lens comprises an elementary unit with five powered optical elements capable of imaging a field of view of approximately 100 degrees with an F-number of 1.7. The compound lens exhibits image distortion of no more than 10% and a nearly diffraction limited modulation transfer function (MTF) of up to 100 line-pairs per millimeter. Additional optical components can be added to the compound lens to widen the field of view as desired without changing the F-number and without significant increase in image aberrations.
Pattern inspection apparatus and pattern inspection method
A pattern inspection apparatus according to an embodiment includes an image capture and an output part. The image capture captures an image of a second pattern of an inspection target object obtained by enlarging the inspection target object having a first pattern. The output part outputs position information of the first or second pattern corresponding to divergent portions between a reference data generated from design data of the first pattern and a captured data generated by the image capture, other than prediction positions of first defects occurring when the inspection target object is enlarged.
Image processing apparatus and image processing method for handling a raw image, of a moving image or a still image
An image processing apparatus is configured to capture an object image, generate a RAW image, perform simple development on the RAW image during the image capturing operation, and store not only the developed image but also the RAW image. In a predetermined interval, in an idle state, or in predetermined enlargement processing, the image processing apparatus reads a RAW file stored in a storage medium and performs high-quality image development to generate an image having higher image quality than that obtained by the simple development. If development processing has been completed by a high-quality image development unit, the image processing apparatus replaces the image obtained by the simple development with the image obtained by the high-quality image development and reproduces the image obtained by the high-quality image development.
Method and device for controlling intelligent equipment
A method for controlling intelligent equipment includes receiving an image acquisition request sent from an intelligent mattress. The image acquisition request contains an identifier (ID) of the intelligent mattress and is triggered when a user uses the intelligent mattress. The method further includes sending the image acquisition request to an intelligent photographing device associated with the intelligent mattress based on the ID of the intelligent mattress, receiving eyeball information of the user and device identification information, determining a target intelligent device based on the device identification information, and controlling the target intelligent device based on the eyeball information.
Method and system for depth selective segmentation of object
A method and a system for depth selective segmentation of an object are provided. The method comprises the following steps. An image is captured in an invisible domain of the optical spectrum by illuminating a scene of interest under an illumination corresponding to said invisible domain of the optical spectrum by an invisible light illumination unit. A binary mask is obtained from the image according to a threshold. Part of the image is eliminated by applying the binary mask to the image, and resulting in another image. The threshold is changed and another binary mask is obtained. The latest obtained binary mask is applied to the latest captured image. The step of changing of the threshold, the step of obtaining a mask and the step of applying the latest obtained binary mask on the latest captured image are performed at least once.
Portable device, communication system, communication connection method, and computer-readable recording medium
A portable device includes: a first communication unit configured to communicatively connect with an external communication device by using one of communication channels; a communication state determination unit configured to determine a communication state for each communication channel; a mode switching unit configured to switch a communication mode of the portable device between: a stable communication mode for establishing communication connection with the communication device by using a communication channel in a preferable communication state in the communication channels in accordance with a determination result obtained by the communication state determination unit; and a connection priority communication mode for establishing communication connection with the communication device by using a predetermined communication channel in the communication channels without determination by the communication state determination unit; and a communication controller configured to start communication connection with the communication device via the first communication unit in the selected communication mode.
Control apparatus, multidimensional color correction method and non-transitory computer-readable storage medium storing multidimensional color correction program
A control apparatus includes a control unit, and a raster-image processor that performs color correction to correct colors of a user printing device into colors of a standard printing device by using a multidimensional LUT and performs color conversion by using a printer profile for the standard printing device and a target profile. The control unit creates the multidimensional LUT including a first LUT and a second LUT, and compares chromas of each fully saturated secondary color of the user printing device, the standard printing device and the target colors. On judging that the chroma of one fully saturated secondary color of the user printing device is greater than that of the standard printing device, the control unit instructs the raster-image processor to perform the color correction while specifying use of the first or second LUT according to a comparison result of the chromas.
Image forming apparatus having circuitry for providing a user authentication input screen and providing a function selection screen displaying authenticated functions
An image forming apparatus is provided, in which the image forming apparatus includes a user database in which user identification information for identifying an user of the image forming apparatus is registered, an operation panel for receiving a key operation input, a secure program used for determining whether a user service can be provided on the basis of the user identification information in the user database and another user identification information input by the user.
Image processing device including image size adjustment unit
An image processing device which generates a halftone image includes: an image size adjustment unit which adjusts a size of the input image; and a halftone processing unit which performs halftone processing on the input image size-adjusted to generate a halftone image, wherein: the image size adjustment unit adjusts the input image to a same size in two or more printing modes among the plurality of printing modes, and the input image of the same size is subjected to the halftone processing; the unit limits arrangement of dots constituting the halftone image to dot arrangeable places of a selected printing mode among the plurality of printing modes, and performs the halftone processing based on an error diffusion method using an error diffusion coefficient matrix according to the selected printing mode; and the functions performed by the image size adjustment unit and the halftone processing unit are achieved using a computer.
Image processing system and image processing method that perform correction of shifting bitmap data in a sub-scanning direction to cancel bending of and electro-photographic laser scanning line
An image processing system performs correction of shifting bitmap data in a sub-scanning direction so as to cancel bending of an electro-photographic laser scanning line. A line command conversion unit converts a first line drawing command defining a line width as an even-number pixel width less than a predetermined even-number pixel width into a second line drawing command defining a line width as the predetermined even-number pixel width, and converts a third line drawing command defining a line width as an odd-number pixel width less than the predetermined even-number pixel width into the second line drawing command. A generation unit generates binary bitmap data with first resolution on a basis of drawing data including the second line drawing command. A correction unit performs the correction with respect to the generated binary bitmap data. A resolution conversion unit converts the binary bitmap data.
Processing a fax transmission using a mobile device
Methods and apparatus are described for receiving a fax transmission at a mobile phone. In one embodiment, the mobile phone receives an incoming call and answers the incoming call, upon receiving a command from a user of the mobile phone to answer the incoming call. A program on the mobile phone then detects that the incoming call is a fax transmission, and then places an outgoing call to a fax server. The program on the mobile phone then conferences the incoming call with the outgoing call to the fax server, such that the fax server receives the fax transmission. Other embodiments are also described and claimed.
Document forgery detection system
There is provided a document forgery detection system adapted to have an advanced level of document verification and scanning structure against forgery, whereby the documents gets verified by various verification methods. The forgery detection system comprises a scanning device adapted to scan the document for verification and to compare the scanned image to an original image of the document stored in a remote server associated to a relevant authority. The forgery detection system comprises a verification device adapted to receive and secure the document in place in an angle adjustable configuration, project visible and ultraviolet light on the document for exposing visible light and ultraviolet light exposable embedded marks within the document and reflect these marks to a display in optical communication with the operator. The verification device comprising a magnifier with a visible light lens and a red lens for enabling visualization of embedded marks within the document.
Computer readable recording medium, information processing apparatus, and information processing method
An information processing apparatus includes: a data sharing unit configured to cause an application selected as a data output destination to process data which is output by an application which is a data output source; a process-object-data generation control unit configured to generate process object data in one of a first format and a second format based on image data acquired by an image information interface from an image information source; and an application-information display unit configured to display identification images for identifying applications which the data sharing unit can select as the data output destination if the data sharing unit is to process either data of the first format or data of the second format.
Photoelectric transducer, image reading device, image forming apparatus, and image reading method
A photoelectric transducer includes: a plurality of pixels arranged in one direction for each of colors of light to be received, and configured such that light is converted into an electrical signal in each of the plurality of pixels; a parallel processor configured to perform parallel processing on a plurality of electrical signals obtained through conversion in the pixels in synchronization with a spread-spectrum clock for each of pixel groups, each of the pixel groups including a predetermined number of pixels; and a corrector configured to correct an offset level of each of the plurality of electrical signals having undergone the parallel processing performed by the parallel processor, using one of values, each of the values being common within one of the pixel groups.
Image-forming device having a plurality of paper-supply stages
Provided is an image-forming device that improves convenience for a user. The image-forming device includes a plurality of power-supply stages, remaining paper amount detection sensors, and a system control unit. A remaining paper amount detection sensor detects the remaining paper amount in a paper-supply stage. When the remaining paper amount that is detected by the remaining paper amount detection sensor is less than a fixed value, the system control unit sets the paper-supply stage having a paper amount that is less than the fixed value as a FAX use only paper-supply stage.
Image formation device which can be expanded and image forming method for expanding an image formation device
Provided is an image formation device with which expanded is easy and the development cost can be reduced. A device control platform manages hardware resource in an operating system. A standard application service interface unit provides an interface for utilizing a standard application function from outside of a standard application execution unit. A platform service interface unit provides an interface for utilizing hardware resource from the outside of the device control platform. A standard function service enables the use of the standard application functions corresponding to the standard application service interface unit. An expanded function service enables the use of the hardware resource corresponding to the platform service interface unit. An expanded application management unit manages and executes expanded applications capable of calling the standard function service and the expanded function service.
Image forming apparatus to reduce power consumption, control method for the same and recording medium
A fixing device includes an endless heat generating section including a conductive layer, an induction-current generating section configured to generate an induction current in the conductive layer, a temperature-sensitive magnetic body present in a position opposed to the induction-current generating section via the heat generating section, and a magnetic plate present in a position opposed to the heat generating section via the temperature-sensitive magnetic body.
Setting device, image forming apparatus including the setting device and clear-coat setting method
A setting device sets a print page to be clear-coated. When print data is obtained, the setting device displays a preview of a print page image represented by the print data (step S1040). The setting device further receives a designation for a print page image of which preview is displayed, and sets a print page corresponding to the print page image of which designation has been received as a print page to be clear-coated (step S1050).
Image processing device, image processing method, and image forming apparatus
An image processing device includes a memory and an output unit. The memory stores setting-related information related to a setting generated as a result of a setting process performed by a user for commanding an image forming unit to perform an image forming process. The output unit outputs the stored setting-related information in accordance with an operation performed by the user.
Information processing system, information processing apparatus, device, information processing method and computer program product. configured for processing of transmission at time specified in transmission setting information
An information processing system includes an information processing apparatus; and a device coupled to the information processing apparatus via a network. The device includes a reception unit configured to receive, from the information processing apparatus, a piece of setting information on transmission of a piece of information stored in the device; and a first transmission unit configured to transmit the piece of information stored in the device, at a transmission time specified in the piece of setting information received by the reception unit, to a transmission destination specified in the piece of setting information.
Maintenance system having image forming apparatus and portable terminal performing near field communication with image forming apparatus
A maintenance system includes an image forming apparatus that performs image formation by a setting depending on the replacement part using a replaceably configured replacement part and a portable terminal that performs near field communication with the portable terminal. The portable terminal includes an image reading part that reads part information of the replacement part from a printed part affixed to the replacement part and a near filed communication part that transmits the part information read by the image reading part via the near filed communication. The image forming apparatus includes a non-contact IC tag in which the part information is written based on power generated from the near filed communication and an reflection processing part that reads the part information from the IC tag at the time of power on and reflects the part information in the setting.
Remote support apparatus, electronic apparatus, remote support method, and storage medium
An image forming apparatus including a plurality of processing units capable of performing different support processing for a user asking for support, and a remote support apparatus operated by an operator are connected via a communication path. The remote support apparatus transmits to the image forming apparatus a request to perform the support using the selected processing unit, or a request to switch the processing unit to a selected specific processing unit and a request to perform the support. The image forming apparatus allows the processing unit which follows the request to perform the support, to perform the support, and switches the processing unit according to the request to switch the processing unit to allow the switched processing unit to perform the support. Further, the image forming apparatus returns a result which should be returned, among results of the performed support, to the remote support apparatus.
Tracking data usage in wireless networks
A method may include determining a number of user devices that can access data services in a wireless network and storing information identifying the determined number of user devices for each of a number of sectors for each of a number of periods of time. The method may also include receiving a request from a first user device associated with a first user for access to data services during a first period of time, accessing the stored information to determine whether to grant the request and providing access to data services via the wireless network to the first user device. The method may further include excluding data usage by the first user device during the first period of time from being applied against a data limit associated with the user's data plan.
Techniques for enhanced call routing for groups
Various embodiments are directed to techniques for enhanced call routing for groups. Some embodiments are particularly directed to a connection manager that can identify one or more secondary telephony endpoints to invite to join a call based on one or more routing policies. One or more embodiments described herein may include a connection manager that provides customizable extension capabilities to a wireless cellular phone. The systems, devices, and methods described herein may be embodied in and performed by communication devices, telecommunications servers, and other devices, and software instructions executed by some or all of such devices.
Adjustable dual-tone multi-frequency phone system
Provided herein are methodologies, systems, apparatus, and non-transitory computer-readable media for providing an adjustable dual-tone multi-frequency (DTMF) phone system. The DTMF phone system includes a DTMF adjustment module that interfaces with a base DTMF phone system and retrieves call parameter values from at least one properties file. The call parameter value is indicative of an audio file to be played by the DTMF phone system, or a DTMF call flow option file. The DTMF adjustment module provides the call parameter values to the base DTMF phone system. The base DTMF phone system includes a number of variables, and a DTMF call flow is generated by assigning at least one of the call parameter values to one or more of the variables within the base DTMF phone system.
System for scheduling routing rules in a contact center based on forecasted and actual interaction load and staffing requirements
A system for scheduling resources and rules for routing includes a server connected to a network, a scheduling application executable from the server, and at least one programmable software agent for scheduling routing rules. The scheduling application receives statistics about forecast arrival rates for incoming interactions and current resource availability data and schedules resources and routing rules according to the forecast requirements the software agent propagating the portion of scheduling relative to the routing rules.
Connection routing system
According to an example, connections may be routed in a contact center by determining if a current connection from a customer terminal to the contact center is a repeat connection or a first connection. In response to determining that the connection is a repeat connection, the repeat connection is routed to an originating agent terminal when an originating agent is verified as employed, logged-in, and available. In response to determining that the connection is a first connection, the first connection is routed to a best available agent terminal.
Measuring contact center agent effectiveness using a predictive model
An agent's performance is measured using a predictive model calculating an expected probability of success for each outbound communication, such as a call, handled by the agent that has reached the desired (“right”) party. An agent's cumulative actual performance value is maintained based on each “successful” contact, as indicated by a disposition code provided by the agent. A cumulative expected probability value of a “successful” communication is also maintained based on each call that reaches the right party where the expected probability of a “successful” call is determined by the predictive model. The agent's performance value can be determined by comparing the cumulative actual performance value with the cumulative expected probability of success value. The agent's performance value can then be compared to the performance value of other agents to identify agents performing above-expectations or below-expectations.
Prioritize contact numbers of customers in real time
A microprocessor executable contact manager operable to determine, for selected different types of customer communication devices, a likelihood of contacting successfully a customer at a respective type of customer communication device and select, based on the likelihood, an order and/or sequence in which to contact customer communication devices of the different customer communication device types.
Method for automated handling of outbound contacts requiring assured connection to a live agent
A system for assuring agent connection for outbound calls placed in an automated outbound calling campaign includes an outbound dialing server, a digital data repository coupled to the outbound dialing server, the data repository storing outbound dialing records for automated outbound dialing, and software executing on the outbound dialing server from a non-transitory physical medium, the software providing a first function for determining for a specific outbound dialing record if the connection to a live agent must be an assured connection, a second function for dialing and engaging an agent via an internal call for reservation of the agent, and a third function for bridging the call connections forged between the system and the agent and the system and the outbound party upon answer of the outbound call.
Systems and methods for authenticating a caller at a call center
A system for authenticating the identity of a caller (i) receiving one or more online credentials of a caller initiating a phone call, where the one or more online credentials include one or more pieces of biometric information associated with the caller, and the one or more online credentials are received from a mobile device associated with the caller; (ii) requesting one or more additional online credentials associated with the mobile device; (iii) receiving the one or more additional online credentials; (iv) receiving telephone authentication information associated with the phone call; (v) authenticating the caller based, at least in part upon, the one or more online credentials, the one or more additional credentials, and the telephone authentication information; (vi) generating authentication status information based on the authentication of the caller; and (vii) transferring the authentication status information and the phone call to a call recipient.
Methods and arrangements for short beacon frames in wireless networks
Embodiments provide a new short beacon frame format and its operation with full beacon frame transmissions for wireless communications devices. Many embodiments comprise a medium access control (MAC) sublayer logic to build frames comprising the short beacon frame for a first communications device. In some embodiments, the MAC sublayer may determine a frame control field comprising a type field indicative of an extension frame and a subtype indicative of a short beacon. In further embodiments, the frame control field may comprise a service set identifier (SSID) control field, and a reserved field. Some embodiments may store the short beacon frame or frame format in memory, in logic, or in another manner that facilitates transmission of the short beacon frames. Some embodiments may receive and detect communications with the short beacon frames. Further embodiments may generate and transmit a communication with the short beacon frames.
Simplified notification of network triggered reporting—wireless access node (e.g., BSS) and method
A first Core Network (CN) node (e.g., Gateway GPRS Support Node), a second CN node (e.g., Serving GPRS Support Node) and a wireless access node (e.g., Base Station Subsystem) are described herein that are configured to efficiently deliver a network triggered report notification to a wireless device (e.g., Internet of Things device).
System and method for condition-based application logic shifting between a client and a server
A system for condition-based application logic shifting between a client and a server uses a stub generator, a function processor, and a client stub. Both the stub generator and the function processor are located in the server and the client stub is generated by the stub generator. Normally an application function's execution occurs on the client. The client stub determines whether or not a client shift condition (CSC) exists for shifting an application function's execution from the client to the server when the CSC does exist, and shifting the application's function back to the client when it is determined that the CSC does not exist (or no longer exists).
System, method and computer program product for smart upload automation
Systems, methods, and computer program products for smart upload automation in which actions are automatically performed on a set of digital assets against a target item. In one embodiment, a system includes a network, a server machine, a client machine and a data storage device, each of which is coupled to the network. The client machine designates digital assets and a target item against which the assets will be uploaded. The digital assets are uploaded by the client machine to the data storage device via the network. The server machine automatically performs actions on the digital assets without intervention by the client machine, where the actions are associated with or in some way defined by the target item. The actions may include setting metadata values of the digital assets based upon metadata associated with the target item, or generating different renditions of the digital assets.
Extensions to standard diameter routing
Various exemplary embodiments relate to a Diameter Routing Agent (DRA) for processing a Diameter message, the DRA including: a rule storage configured to store a plurality of sets of rules and plugins; a Diameter stack configured to receive a Diameter message; a message handler configured to: determine whether there is a destination selection associated with the Diameter message; when the destination selection is associated with the Diameter message, routing the Diameter message according to a plugin by determining by the plugin, whether there is a routing configuration match by evaluating a set of filters in the plugin; and transmitting a message based on the evaluation of the plugin.
Leveraging social networks in physical gatherings
Embodiments of the present invention provide methods, computer program products, and systems for leveraging social networks in physical gatherings. Embodiments of the present invention generate profiles for participants at the physical gathering. Embodiments of the present invention can enrich the participants experience at the physical gathering by providing information to the participant, based on the profile for the participant.
System and method for integrating a distributed in-memory data grid into a distributed caching system in a transactional processing environment
In accordance with an embodiment, described herein is a system and method for providing distributed caching in a transactional processing environment. The caching system can include a plurality of layers that provide a caching feature for a plurality of data types, and can be configured for use with a plurality of caching providers. A common data structure can be provided to store serialized bytes of each data type, and architecture information of a source platform executing a cache-setting application, so that a cache-getting application can use the information to convert the serialized bytes to a local format. A proxy server can be provided to act as a client to a distributed in-memory grid, and advertise services to a caching client, where each advertised service can match a cache in the distributed in-memory data grid, such as Coherence. The caching system can be used to cache results from a service.
System and method to determine the validity of an interaction on a network
A computer implemented method determines validity of web-based interactions. Web-based interaction data relating to a web-based interaction may be accessed. The web-based interaction data may include aggregate measure data that may include a number of unique queries per web-based session. The validity of the web-based interaction may be determined based on the aggregate measure data.
Method and apparatus for location-based, just in time social networking
In one embodiment, the present disclosure is a method and apparatus for location-based, just in time social networking. In one embodiment, a method for providing a social network includes receiving a request from a first user of the social network to provide information from a location of interest specified by the first user, and locating a group comprising at least one other user of the social network, where each of the at least one other user is currently at the location of interest and has volunteered to provide information from the location of interest, wherein the group is selected from a larger group of other users who are at a plurality of locations of interest.
Media exposure and verification utilizing inductive coupling
Examples disclosed herein collect a cookie at a first device based on media accessed via a web page at the first device, obtain user information from a second device via communicative coupling between the first device and the second device, and in response to an instruction embedded in the media, send a hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) request to a server, the HTTP request including the cookie, the user information, and information identifying exposure to the media.
Registration method and system for common service entity
A registration method and system for a common service entity (CSE) relate to the field of machine type communication; solve the problem that a CSE registration mechanism cannot implement an application interactive function. The method includes: an originator CSE sending a CSE resource creation request message to a receiver CSE; the receiver CSE detecting whether a resource corresponding to an identifier of the originator CSE exists in local; the receiver CSE creating a resource for the originator CSE when no resource corresponding to the identifier of the originator CSE exists in local, setting a resource name according to the identifier of the originator CSE, and saving a type of the originator CSE as an attribute, and generating a CSE resource creation response message indicating that the resource creation is successful; the receiver CSE sending the CSE resource creation response message to the originator CSE.
Remote application connection sharing
One or more techniques and/or systems are disclosed for sharing a connection to a remote-based application running on a server. A plurality of client-side browser instantiations can be associated with the remote-based application, such as by running instantiations of the remote application locally on respective client machines. The client-side browser instantiations are able to write to and read from a local global storage regarding the remote-based application, and are notified of a state change to the local global storage, without polling. A first browser instantiation registers as a primary instantiation with the local global storage, and connects to the server for the remote-based application. One or more second browser instantiations registered with the local global storage, along with the primary browser instantiation, can send and receive updates for the remote-based application through the primary browser instantiation, utilizing state change notifications.
Method and apparatus for control of multiple autonomous mobile nodes based on dynamic situational awareness data
Techniques for autonomously establishing, maintaining, and repairing of a wireless communication network among multiple autonomous mobile nodes (AMN) are provided. The multiple AMNs are flown towards a first node. A tentacle is established with the first node and extended to cover a second node over a distance, thereby establishing a wireless communication network between the first node and the second node via the multiple AMNs. Any damage to the established wireless communication network or tentacle may be autonomously detected and repaired by using spare AMNs. Further, the communication network may be used to enable autonomous detection, tracking of the second node, as well as autonomous detection of a contamination area, based on data received from one or more sensors onboard the AMNs deployed in the air.
Distributed global data vaulting mechanism for grid based storage
Provided are a computer program product, system, and method for distributed global data vaulting in a grid of server computers. At each of the server computers, it is determined that there is a system shutdown. For each data element at that server computer, a list of one or more vault devices at other server computers is retrieved from a vault distribution table, and the data element is dumped to the one or more vault devices at the other server computers.
Generating a secure signature utilizing a plurality of key shares
A method begins by a module to generate a secure signature on an item by selecting a first key representation index of a set of key representation indexes, wherein a first mathematical encoding of a private key generates a first plurality of key shares as a first key representation. The method continues with the module determining whether a first plurality of signature contributions have been received in response to a signature request for the item based on the first key representation index, wherein one of a first set of dispersed storage (DS) units executes a first mathematical signature function using one of the first plurality of key shares on the item to produce a signature contribution of the first plurality of signature contributions and when the first plurality of signature contributions have been received, generating the secure signature on the item from the first plurality of signature contributions.
Accurate generation of multiple dimensions of computer load
A utilization test generates the multiple dimensions of resource load on the first computer, the multiple dimensions including at least two of: a processor utilization dimension, a main memory utilization dimension, a mass storage utilization dimension, and a network utilization dimension. The utilization test performs iterations of attempts to generate said each dimension of the resource load on the first computer, in an amount equal to a changeable target utilization of said each dimension of the resource load on the first computer. The utilization test adjusts the adjusted utilization to attempt to correct for inequality between (i) the actual utilization of a particular one of the multiple dimensions of the resource load on the first computer, and (ii) the changeable target utilization of the particular one of the multiple dimensions of the resource load on the first computer.
Image processing apparatus, controlling method of image processing apparatus, and storage medium
An image processing apparatus is provided that includes an acquisition unit configured to acquire information about an installed application if reservation information acquired from a server is reservation information about a distributed application; a first download unit configured to download the distributed application if the installed application matches the distributed application; a first update unit configured to update the installed application by using the distributed application; a second download unit configured to download firmware if the acquired reservation information is reservation information about the firmware; and a second update unit configured to execute an update using the firmware. If a state of the installed application is a stop state, the first update unit does not set the state of the application to a start state. If the state of the installed application is the start state, the first update unit sets the state of the application to the start state.
Brokering for application hosting computing resources of multiple vendor-specific provisioned computing environments
In one embodiment, a system comprises a client interface configured to receive an application and a parameter associated with the application, a vendor interface configured to receive vendor-specific information from vendor-specific computing environments, and an environment analyzer configured to determine a first vendor-specific computing environment from the vendor-specific computing environments for hosting the application based on the application parameter. The client interface is further configured to communicate a request for approval to host the application in the first vendor-specific computing environment and receive an indication to not host the application using the first vendor-specific computing environment. The environment analyzer is further configured to, in response to receiving the indication to not host the application using the first vendor-specific computing environment, determine a second vendor-specific computing environment from the vendor-specific computing environments for hosting the application.
Application plugin framework for big-data clusters
A system for a cluster application manager includes an input interface, a command determiner, and a node determiner. The input interface is for receiving a first management request for a management function for a first application of a set of different applications. The command determiner is for determining a first management base command for the first management request. A second management base command is the same as the first management base command for a second management request for the management function for a second application of the set of different applications that is different from the first application of the set of different applications. The command determiner is for determining a management command, wherein the management command is based at least in part on the first management base command and the first application. The node determiner is for determining a node of a cluster to send the management command.
Natural language management of online social network connections
Natural language management of online social network connections may comprise receiving natural language data associated with a user's social network interactions. The natural language data associated with a user's social network interactions is analyzed and features used in the user's social network interactions are determined based on the analysis. The contexts in which the features are used in the user's social network interactions may be also determined. Point values to the features used in the user's social network interactions are assigned. A fingerprint of the user is created at least based on the features and the point values. The created fingerprint may be compared with information associated with online communities, and based on the comparison, one or more of the online communities may be recommended as user's potential social network connections.
System and method for automating the transfer of data from a web interface to a database or another web interface
Access information is received for a data sender interface accessible over a network and a data receiver interface accessible over the network. A set of navigation steps necessary to access data fields on the sender interface are determined. The data fields on the data sender interface are automatically mapped to data fields on the data receiver interface using at least one data mapping rule, such that a set of data field mappings is created. A data transfer scenario is generated using the set of navigation steps and the set of data field mappings, such that the data transfer scenario specifies a set of operations for transferring data from the sender interface to the receiver interface. The data transfer scenario is stored to computer readable media and can be executed any number of times to transfer data from the sending interface to the receiving interface.
Load time adapted network pages
Disclosed are various embodiments for generating a network page having a data density that corresponds to a network page load time for a client in communication with an electronic commerce system. In one embodiment, the electronic commerce system determines a network page load time for a client and draws an association between the client and a data density based at least in part on the network page load time. The electronic commerce system generates a network page having the data density and serves the network page for the client.
Method and device for obtaining network feedback
A method for obtaining network feedback is provided by a terminal. The method includes sending data information, publishing, by the terminal, the data information to a website, establishing a correspondence relationship between the data information and the published data information, accessing the website on which the data information is published, and obtaining feedback information to the data information, processing the data information and the feedback information, and informing a user of an updating status of the feedback information. The embodiment of the present disclosure further provides a terminal device for obtaining the network feedback.
Interaction modalities for multimedia delivery and presentation
A method and apparatus for displaying received data, analyze the quality of the displayed data formulating a media-parameter suggestion for the encoder to alter the characteristics of data to be sent to the receiver, and sending from the receiver, the formulated suggestion.
The disclosure is related to selective transcoding performed between a calling party and a called party. Such transcoding method may include receiving a call connection request message from a calling user equipment, determining whether transcoding is required for communication between the calling user equipment and a called user equipment based on the received call connection request message, and initiating the transcoding when the transcoding is determined as required.
Systems and methods of smoothly transitioning between compressed video streams
The technology disclosed relates to enabling smooth transitioning between compressed video streams. In particular, it relates to scheduling transitions between compressed video streams to be shown in an area of a display such that while decoding, decompressing and buffering a first video stream for display, commencing decoding, decompressing and buffering of a second video stream at a predetermined time before a scheduled showing of the second video stream. It further relates to switching buffers between display of the first and second video streams at the scheduled showing of the second video stream, which results in immediate display of the second video stream without delay. In one implementation, switching between the buffers for the first and second video streams includes modifying z-ordering of display layers corresponding to the first and second video streams.
Method of sharing control right adapted to interactive whiteboard system and host device thereof
A method for sharing a control right and a host device are provided. The method of sharing the control right is adapted to the host device of an interactive whiteboard system. The method includes the following steps. A scanning process is executed to receive an online notification signal broadcast by a first client device, wherein the online notification signal includes a weight value and device information of the first client device; it is determined whether the control right of the interactive whiteboard system is released or not, and when the control right of the interactive whiteboard system is not released, it is determined whether to share the control right of the interactive whiteboard system to the first client device according to the weight value. When the control right is determined to be shared to the first client device, a control right notification signal is transmitted to the first client device.
Guiding a desired outcome for an electronically hosted conference
Arrangements described herein relate to guiding a desired outcome for an electronically hosted conference. During the electronically hosted conference, participant activity related to the electronically hosted conference can be monitored for each of a plurality of participants participating in the electronically hosted conference. Based on the participant activity, a sentiment of each of the plurality of participants with regard to a subject of the electronically hosted conference can be determined. A list of the participants can be presented to a user. The list of the participants can indicate an order in which to poll the participants to achieve the desired outcome for a decision requested of the participants in the electronically hosted conference.
Collaborative data editing and processing system
A system uses portable processing devices that communicate with external devices. A portable processing device having a camera transmits, to a server, an identification information request message including an image acquired by the camera; receives, from the server, identification information related to an object shown in the image; in response to user selection of the object, transmits, to the server, a data request message requesting data corresponding to the identification information of the selected object; receives, from the server, a first data corresponding to the identification information; edits the first data to provide a second data in response to user input information; and transmits the second data to the server enabling the server to update the first data to provide the second data item.
Adjusting the display of social media updates to varying degrees of richness based on environmental conditions and importance of the update
A method, system and computer program product for adjusting a display of social media updates to varying degrees of richness. A level of importance for each social media update is identified and assigned to the update. The importance of the social media update can be defined by various aspects, such as topics or people of interest to the user. Furthermore, a current condition of a user's environment (e.g., current workload of the user) is determined. The social media updates are then displayed in a social networking feed with a particular degree of richness at a particular location based on the level of importance of the social media updates, the current condition of the user's environment, and/or the user's interactions with existing updates currently displayed. In this manner, the amount of time required by the user to determine which updates are important to the user is reduced.
Video media playing methods, apparatuses and systems, and computer storage medium
Methods, apparatuses and systems for playing video media, and a computer storage medium are described. The method applied to a network side includes: receiving an audio call request from a calling terminal; acquiring video media information that needs to be played in a current call; and playing the video media for the calling terminal. The method applied to a terminal side includes: sending an audio call request to a network side; and receiving and playing video media from the network side. The apparatus applied to a network side includes: a receiving module arranged to receive an audio call request from a calling terminal; an acquisition module arranged to acquire video media information that needs to be played in a current call; and an execution module arranged to play the vide media for the calling terminal.
Control module for a call management system
A control module arranged to manage a hosted communications platform, the hosted communications platform being located between a telecommunications network and a subscriber communications network, the subscriber communications network being associated with a subscriber to the hosted communications platform, the subscriber being associated with a plurality of users. The module comprises a first communications interface arranged to interface with the telecommunications network, and processing means arranged to configure the hosted communications platform for use with two or more subscribers, each subscriber comprising a respective subscriber communications network. The module further comprises a second communications interface arranged to interface with the hosted communications platform. For each subscriber, the processing means is arranged to form a partition on the hosted communications platform.
Dynamically optimized security policy management
Methods and systems for dynamically optimized rule-based security policy management are provided. A request is received by a network security management device to add a new traffic flow policy rule to multiple existing policy rules managed by the network security management device. Dependencies of the new traffic flow policy rule on the existing policy rules are automatically determined. An updated set of policy rules is formed by incorporating the new traffic flow policy rule within the existing policy rules based on the dependencies. The updated set of policy rules is then optimized by grouping, reordering and/or deleting a sub-set of policy rules of the updated set of policy rules based on one or more of weights assigned to particular types of traffic, preference settings, priority settings, network traffic characteristics and usage statistics for each policy rule of the updated set of policy rules.
Method and device for identifying abnormal application
A method and device for identifying an abnormal application are provided. The method includes executing abnormal applications, obtaining dynamic behavior information of the abnormal applications, inputting the dynamic behavior information of the abnormal applications into a preset detection network, obtaining a behavior rule of the dynamic behavior information via the detection network, and identifying a detected application according to the behavior rule to determine whether the detected application is an abnormal application.
Behavioral scanning of mobile applications
Behavioral analysis of a mobile application is performed to determine whether the application is malicious. During analysis, various user interactions are simulated in an emulated environment to activate many possible resulting behaviors of an application. The behaviors are classified as hard or soft signals. A probability of the application being malicious is determined through combining soft signals, and the application is classified as malicious or non-malicious. Users of the application, the developer of the application, or a distributor of the application are notified of the application classification to enable responsive action.
Structuring data and pre-compiled exception list engines and internet protocol threat prevention
Blocking high-risk IP connections in real-time while allowing tailoring of an acceptable risk profile to match the security requirements of network resources. By acquiring IP threat information about IP addresses, traffic from IP addresses posing unacceptable levels of risk is blocked. A computer executed method is disclosed for sorting a plurality of internet protocol (IP) addresses. The method includes dividing the range of IP addresses into a plurality of clusters representing a plurality of contiguous sub-ranges, assigning each IP address to the cluster associated with the sub-range that includes that IP address, and assigning the IP addresses in each cluster to one of a plurality of pages. A network appliance incorporating aspects of the method is also disclosed.
Penetration test attack tree generator
Implementations of the present disclosure include methods, systems, and computer-readable storage mediums for receiving goal data and start-up information, the goal data indicating a goal to be achieved during a penetration test, the start-up information indicating initial data for beginning the penetration test, receiving tool data from a register of tools, the tool data including one or more tools that can be used during the penetration test, and, for each tool, input data required to execute the tool and output data provided by the tool, processing the goal data, the start-up information and the tool data to automatically generate attack tree data, the attack tree data including a plurality of data sets and links between data sets, and providing the attack tree data to display a graphical representation of an attack tree on a display.
Illegal message destroyer
A communication apparatus for preventing the broadcasting of unauthorized messages on a broadcast bus network, the communication apparatus comprising: a first memory adapted to store first information; a second memory adapted to store second information; a monitoring unit adapted to: monitor the bus for processing messages being broadcasted on the bus, and output a third information and fourth information a comparing unit adapted to compare the first information with the third information and the second information with the fourth information; and, a message destroyer adapted to: when: the first information matches with the third information, and the second information does not match with the fourth information, causing the body of the current message to be altered while the current message is being broadcasted on the bus.
Method and device for avoiding manipulation of a data transmission
A method and device for avoiding manipulation of a data transmission. A message containing a message authentication code is received at a processing unit, the message from the processing unit is transferred to a hardware module, a check value as a function of the received message is computed in the hardware module, the received message authentication code and the check value are compared in the hardware module, a result of the comparison is transferred from the hardware module to the processing unit as an output variable, the message authentication code received in the message from the processing unit is checked in the processing unit based on the output variable.
Sequence hopping algorithm for securing goose messages
Embodiments of the present invention include methods and apparatuses for securing data transfer in power-system automation and smart grids. Embodiments of the present invention can be particularly helpful in securing GOOSE messages. A method of securing data transfer according to an embodiment of the present invention can include a message sequence synchronization and monitoring server (MSSMS) providing random seeds to a publisher intelligent electronic device (IED) and a subscriber IED, both having a pseudo random number generators (PRNGs), inputting the random seeds into the PRNG of the publisher IED and generating a publisher sequence hopping number, sending a message to the subscriber IED with the publisher sequence hopping number attached, and determining if the message is valid by comparing the message attached publisher sequence hopping number to a subscriber sequence hopping number generated by the subscriber PRNG.
Service to provide notification of mailing address changes
A method of managing access to a physical mailing address using a virtual mailing address is presented. The method includes: setting up a proxy system as a server, assigning, by a server, a virtual mailing address identifier to natural or juristic person that registers with the server; linking, by the server, a physical mailing address entered by the user to the virtual mailing address identifier to generate the virtual mailing address; and enabling, by the server, a second natural person to manually access the physical mailing address when the server determines that the second user has permission to access the virtual mailing address; enabling, by the server, an institute or business (juristic person) to access the physical mailing address automatically using an Application programming interface (API) through a computer system when the server determines that the second user has permission to access the virtual mailing address.
Method and system for extracting access control list
A method and system for extracting an access control list having a predetermined format from packets collected for a predetermined period of time, without requiring TCP flag information. By an information collection unit, network packets and network traffic logs are collected. By the information collection unit, a network traffic log including Media Access Control (MAC), Internet Protocol (IP), and port information is extracted from each network packet. By an information analysis unit, an access control list is generated based on the network traffic log.
Method and system for controlling access to shared devices
A non-transitory computer readable medium includes computer readable program code including instructions for snooping a message from a client device addressed to a particular IP address corresponding to a shared device; determining whether the client device has authorization to access the shared device; responsive to determining that the client device does not have authorization to access the shared device, refraining from forwarding the message to the particular IP address; and responsive to determining that the client device has authorization to access the shared device, forwarding the message to the particular IP address.
Method and system for automatically managing secret application and maintenance
Secret application and maintenance policy data is generated for different classes of data. The class of data to be protected is determined and the secret application and maintenance policy data for the determined class of the data to be protected is identified and obtained. Required secrets data representing one or more secrets to be applied to the data to be protected is obtained and then automatically scheduled for application to the data to be protected in accordance with the secret application and maintenance policy data for the determined class of the data to be protected. Maintenance of the one or more secrets is also automatically scheduled in accordance with the secret application and maintenance policy data for the determined class of the data to be protected.
Method for booting and dumping a confidential image on a trusted computer system
A method for booting and dumping a confidential image on a trusted computer system. Embodiments of the present invention disclose deploying a secure boot image and encrypted client data from a client to a trusted computer system. Embodiments of the present invention disclose booting a confidential image on a trusted computer system. Embodiments of the present invention also disclose a process of dumping a confidential image on the trusted computer system.
System and method of secure personal identification
A system and method for securely and automatically identifying users to an inquirer for purposes of obtaining user identifying information is described. The system consisting of at least one client device associated with a user, at least one inquiring device associated with a host, a client information server and a network. The system allows computer based systems to automatically authenticate the identities of a plurality of users entering a physical space and obtain information pertaining to user preferences. The inquiring device sending second data, identifying the inquiring device, to the client device and requests the token from the client device and the client device updates the token with the second data sending the token back to the inquiring device which forwards the token to the server validating the user and sends specific preference and profile data of the user to the inquiring device based upon the second data.
Method and system for managing secure custom domains
Method, system and infrastructures for managing certificates for platform providers are described. A platform provider provides a platform to host a plurality of virtual sites designated individually with custom specified hostnames. According to one aspect of the present invention, traffic originating from a web browser to a designated website with a hostname is directed to a server (herein “control server”) designed for serving a corresponding certificate to establish a secure session between the browser and the designated website being hosted on a server (herein “platform server”) operated by a platform provider. In operation, the corresponding certificate may be retrieved from a cache in or accessible by the control server, or the control server is caused to generate a certificate based on the access request from the browser after a verification process.
Redirect to inspection proxy using single-sign-on bootstrapping
An authentication request is generated when a user of a client device attempts to initiate a user session with an application managed by a service provider. An authentication response is generated based on credentials received from the user. The authentication response includes an assertion on behalf of the user. A delivery resource locator for the assertion is rewritten to a resource locator of a proxy in order to redirect the assertion to the proxy. The authentication response is sent to the client device together with the resource locator of the proxy in order to cause the client device to send the assertion to the proxy that decodes the re-written resource locator and sends the assertion to the service provider.
Method and apparatus of providing messaging service and callback feature to mobile stations
Disclosed are an apparatus and method of performing automated administrative operations on a mobile device. The mobile device user may be unaware of any updates or other administrative operations being performed. One example method may include detecting that an event has occurred, interrupting a previously executed program, initiating a new program different from the previously executed program to perform a new function and notifying an application of the program interruption. The message may be a SMS type message.
Method for secure signal transmission in a telecommunication network, in particular in a local area network
In a telecommunication network, a modular expandable gateway connects a local area network to a wide area network and includes a base module and a plurality of add-on modules arranged in one or more stacks, the base module and the add-on modules including respective encryption/decryption engines to exchange secure information with each other, thus frustrating any possible fraudulent interception of the information at the module interconnections.
Cryptographically secure cross-domain information sharing
Techniques for cryptographically secure, cross-domain information sharing are described. A first information domain including a first attribute-based encryption (ABE) authority defines a first universe of ABE attributes. Plaintext is encrypted using ABE encryption, producing ABE ciphertext. The ABE encryption uses an ABE access control expression defined with a set of ABE attributes comprising a first ABE attribute subset from the first universe of ABE attributes and second ABE attribute subset from a second universe of ABE attributes defined by a second ABE authority of a second information domain. The ABE ciphertext and the ABE access control expression are combined to produce an ABE package. The ABE package is encrypted, using predicate-based encryption (PBE), producing a PBE ciphertext. The PBE encryption uses a first set of PBE attributes from a universe of PBE attributes defined by a PBE authority.
Searchable encryption enabling encrypted search based on document type
A searchable encryption method enables encrypted search of encrypted documents based on document type. In some embodiments, the searchable encryption method is implemented in a network intermediary, such as a proxy server. The network intermediary encrypts documents on behalf of a user or an enterprise destined to be stored on a cloud service provider. The searchable encryption method encodes document type information into the encrypted search index while preserving encryption security. Furthermore, the searchable encryption method enables search of encrypted documents using the same encrypted index, either for a particular document type or for all encrypted documents regardless of the document type.
Trust services for securing data in the cloud
Embodiments are directed to securing data in the cloud, securely encrypting data that is to be stored in the cloud and to securely decrypting data accessed from the cloud. In one scenario, an instantiated trust service receives information indicating that a trust server is to be instantiated. The trust service instantiates the trust server, which is configured to store key references and encrypted keys. The trust service receives the public key portion of a digital certificate for each publisher and subscriber that is to have access to various specified portions of encrypted data. A data access policy is then defined that specifies which encrypted data portions can be accessed by which subscribers.
System security for network resource access using cross-firewall coded requests
A system includes a firewall, a first server located behind the firewall, and a second server located before the firewall. The second server is configured to receive a request for data, select an item code from a code database corresponding to the requested data, and transmit the item code to the first server, wherein the item code comprises a coded number representing an item in a secure database. The first server is configured to receive the item code from the second server and, if the item code corresponds to one of a plurality of codes of a code database maintained by the first server, send the data to the second server.
Media access control address translation in virtualized environments
A method and a network device are provided to transmit network packets through a network security device. The method, performed by the network device, receives a request to send a network packet from a first computing device to a second computing device over a network that includes the network device and the network security device. The network packet includes a first network interface identifier for identifying the first computing device and a second network interface identifier for identifying the second computing device. The method identifies third and fourth network interface identifiers that cause the network packet to be transmitted through the network security device. The method transmits the network packet over the network through the network security device using the third and fourth network interface identifiers. The method transmits the network packet to the second computing device using the first and second network interface identifiers.
Zone migration in network access
The present disclosure is directed to providing a network user the ability to travel between different zones or locations within a network environment, such as, for example, a hospitality location, without requiring a user to re-login to the new location, while requiring a user to re-login to other locations within the network environment.
Method and apparatus of establishing a connection between devices using cached connection information
Caching connection information used to establish a communication connection setup between at least two endpoint devices across a data network. One example of operation may include exchanging at least one interface address and at least one globally unique identifier between the at least two endpoint devices. The method may also provide retrieving a last successful connection setup information based on the at least one globally unique identifier and the at least one interface address, assigning at least one port number to the at least one interface address via at least one of the two endpoint devices, exchanging at least one rendezvous message between the at least two endpoint devices to share connection setup information, and storing at least one of the at least one interface address, that at least one globally unique identifier, the last successful connection setup information, and the at least one port number in a cache file.
Method, device, computer storage medium, and apparatus for providing candidate words
A method, device, computer storage medium, and apparatus for providing candidate words. The method comprises steps of: detecting user input; determining whether the current application environment is an information exchange application if user input is detected; determining an identifier of the communication counterpart in communication with the user if it is determined that the current application environment is an information exchange application; determining, based on the determined identifier of the communication counterpart, the social relationship between the user and the communication counterpart according to a social relationship automatic determination model, which is a model for determining the social relationship between the user and the communication counterpart; determining, based on a social relationship correction mapping table, whether the user input matches the determined social relationship, wherein the social relationship correction mapping table provides, based on the determined social relationship, correction candidate words corresponding to the social relationship; providing, based on the social relationship correction mapping table, correction candidates the determined social relationship if it is determined that the user input does not match the social relationship.
Personalized cross session diversity
A system and method for personalizing cross session diversity is disclosed. The system receives a member opportunity request. In response, the system generates a list of members in response to the received member opportunity request, wherein the list of members is determined based on member profile data stored at a social networking system. For each member in the generated list of members, the system generates a profile value score based on the stored member profile data. The system ranks the members of the generated list at least in part based on the generated profile value scores. The system then selects one or more members in the list of members based on the ranking of members in the generated list.
Two-way real time communication system that allows asymmetric participation in conversations across multiple electronic platforms
Methods, systems, and apparatuses, including computer programs encoded on computer-readable media, for receiving from responders conversation selection criteria and mode of communication information. A request for a conversation is received, from an initiator using a first communication mode that identifies a topic, but does not identify any responders. A conversation identifier is created. Possible responders are determined based on the topic and the conversation selection criteria. The topic of the conversation is sent to the possible responders, without identifying the initiator. A first response from a first responder is received using a second communication mode that is different than the first communication mode. The first response is mapped to the conversation based in part on the conversation identifier. The response is sent to the initiator using the first communication mode.
Communication system, physical machine, virtual network management apparatus, and network control method
A communication system comprises: a physical machine; a switch control apparatus that controls a physical switch connected to the physical machine; and a virtual network management apparatus that manages a virtual network using the physical switch and at least one of the physical machine and a virtual machine operating on the physical machine. The physical machine comprises: a port information collection unit that collects port information of a NIC (Network Interface Card) assigned to the virtual network; and a port information notification unit that notifies the virtual network management apparatus of a correspondence between the NIC and the collected port information. The virtual network management apparatus instructs the switch control apparatus so that the physical switch uses the port information as a match condition.
Data processing device and data processing method
A data processing device includes a splitter in which an input stream made up of a plurality of packets is split, so as to generate split streams of a plurality of channels, of which the smallest increment is base band frames (BBFs) where the packets of the input stream are placed in consecutive order in a data field of the BBF which is the object of forward error correction (FEC).
Adaptive routing controlled by source node
A method in a network element that includes multiple interfaces for connecting to a communication network includes receiving from the communication network via an ingress interface a flow including a sequence of packets, and routing the packets to a destination of the flow via a first egress interface. A permission indication for re-routing the flow is received in the ingress interface. In response to receiving the permission indication, subsequent packets of the flow are re-routed via a second egress interface that is different from the first egress interface. Further re-routing of the flow is refrained from, until receiving another permission indication.
Method, apparatus and system for processing data packet
The disclosure provides a method, apparatus and system. The method includes: matching a data packet with match field information of a flow entry, the flow entry including the match field information and operation field information; wherein the operation field information includes an operation type and first bit field indication information which includes a first offset and a first field length and is used for indicating the first bit field of the data packet, or the match field information includes second bit field indication information and a match value, the second bit field indication information includes a second offset and a second field length, and the second bit field indication information is used for indicating the second bit field of the data packet; performing, if the data packet is successfully matched with the match field information, an operation on the data packet according to the operation field information.
Double experimental (EXP) quality of service (QoS) markings for MPLS packets
Techniques are described for applying double experimental (EXP) quality of service (QoS) markings to Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) packets. According to the techniques, an edge router of an MPLS network is configured to map a Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) marking for customer traffic to at least two EXP fields of at least two different labels included in a MPLS packet encapsulating the customer traffic. In this way, the edge router may map the full DSCP marking across the first and second EXP fields to provide full resolution QoS for the customer traffic over the MPLS network. The techniques also include a core router of an MPLS network configured to identify a QoS profile for a received MPLS packet based on a combination of a first EXP field of a first label and a second EXP field of a second label included in the MPLS packet.
Method for forwarding data packets in a network and programmable ingress and egress nodes therefore
The method for forwarding a data packet in a network generally has the steps of: forming at least two transit data packets including replicating at least payload data, sequence data and destination data of the data packet; and forwarding the at least two transit data packets along different network paths. The different network paths can lead to an egress node based on the destination data. At the egress node, the received data packets can be compared to stored data to determine whether the transit data packets having the same sequence data have both been received. The received data packets can then be transmitted to the data destination only when it is determined that they are the first one of the pair of transit data packets to be received.
Techniques for packet management in an input/output virtualization system
Embodiments include techniques for managing packets in an input/output virtualization (IOV) capable computing environment. Embodiments include determining a destination address of a packet received at a virtual router, modifying the destination address of the packet to correspond with a destination within an input/output (I/O) virtualization capable adapter; and forwarding the packet to an I/O virtualization capable adapter architecture for transmission to the destination within the I/O virtualization capable adapter.
Relay device and relay system
An LP table retains a combination of a physical port and a VLAN identifier in association with a logical port. When a frame is received at the physical port, a table processing unit acquires a logical port based on the LP table. An FDB processing unit learns a source MAC address contained in the received frame in association with the logical port acquired by the table processing unit to an FDB. A plurality of logical ports are set for the physical port by the LP table. A loop prevention unit prohibits frame relay between the plurality of logical ports set for the physical port.
Device and method for processing data in content transmission system
A switching device for data processing includes: a processor unit to generate a pseudo-first-form packet by attaching a second-form header to an end portion of a first-form packet when a second-form packet is input, the second-form packet including the first-form packet encapsulated with the second-form header; and a switching unit to transfer the second-form packet to the processor unit when the second-form packet is input from a network, and transfer the pseudo-first-form packet generated by the processor unit to a cache device such that the cache device processes the pseudo-first-form packet.
Hard zoning corresponding to flow
A network controller may include a flow identifier to identify a flow using frame information. The frame information may be transmitted by a network switch. The network controller may include a retriever to retrieve hard zoning configuration data corresponding to the flow. The hard zoning configuration data may be used by the network switch to update an access control list.
Method and apparatus for operating a routing device and relevant routing device
One of the embodiments of the present invention relates to a method for operating a routing device in a network. The method comprises: receiving, during routing table calculation for a first topology change associated with a first routing device, a message indicative of a second topology change associated with a second routing device; determining a time duration of a hold time period based on a running time required for performing shortest path first calculations for a shortest path between the routing device and the second routing device, wherein the running time is retrieved from a running time database and the running time database is configured to store plural values each of which is indicative of a running time required for performing shortest path first calculations for a shortest path between the routing device and each of other routing devices in the network, wherein during the hold time period, the routing device does not perform any further routing table calculation. The present invention also relates to corresponding routing device.
System and method for supporting live migration of virtual machines in a virtualization environment
A system and method can support virtual machine live migration in a network. A virtual switch can be associated with a plurality of virtual functions (VFs), and wherein each said virtual function (VF) is associated with a separate virtual interface (VI) space. At least one virtual machine that is attached with a said virtual function (VF) can be associated with a virtual interface (VI), e.g. a queue pair (QP) in an Infiniband (IB) architecture. Furthermore, said at least one virtual machine operates to perform a live migration from a first host to a second host with said virtual function (VF) attached.
Ground system for vehicle data distribution
Techniques for delivering data or information to a vehicle include a method of distributing information to a vehicle. Information corresponding to the vehicle is first received while the vehicle is en route between an origination point and a destination from a computing device that is not being transported by the vehicle. A first computing device or a second computing device determines a destination port at which the vehicle is to arrive, the destination port included in a plurality of ports at which vehicles arrive and from which vehicles depart. The first computing devices causes data to be routed to a third computing device communicatively connected to the first computing device, the third computing device corresponding to the destination port, and at least one of the data or the third party computing device determined based on the information received at the first computing device.
Synchronization of data for colliding bodies
On a server, a collision handler is called by a physics simulation engine to categorize a plurality of rigid bodies in some simulation data as either colliding or not colliding. The simulation data relates to a triggering event involving the plurality of rigid bodies and is generated by a simulation of both gravitational trajectories and collisions of rigid bodies. Based on the categorization and the simulation data, a synchronization engine generates synchronization packets for the colliding bodies only and transmits the packets to one or more client computing devices configured to perform a reduced simulation function.
Data loss monitoring of partial data streams
A method for detecting loss of sensitive information in partial data streams may include identifying partial data streams containing segments lost while capturing network traffic at a network computing device, determining characteristics of content of the partial data streams, padding content portions of the lost segments in the partial data streams, and scanning the partial data streams for sensitive information according to at least one data loss prevention (DLP) policy.
Method of generating an improved traffic map and device utilizing such a method
A method is provided for generating a traffic map of an area covered by a cellular network including a plurality of antennas each managing a traffic and designed to communicate with a plurality of terminals generating events which are at least partially geolocatable, the covered area being discretized by pixels each associated, using probability, with one antenna of the plurality of antennas. The method includes, for each antenna, distributing a quantity of traffic managed by the antenna over the pixels, this distribution being weighted for each pixel as a function of the number and distance of the geolocatable events relative to the pixel.
System for aggregating statistics relating to a logical forwarding element
Some embodiments provide a system that implements a set of tools to define a set of one or more logical forwarding elements from a number of physical forwarding elements and a scalable framework to retrieve statistics relating each logical forwarding element. In some embodiments, the statistics relate to the logical ports of a logical forwarding element. The system of some embodiments allows a network administrator to retrieve a total packet count and byte count for one or more logical ports of the logical forwarding element, even though the logical ports may be distributed across multiple physical forwarding elements.
Dynamic baseline determination for distributed transaction
The present technology may determine an anomaly in a portion of a distributed business application. Data can automatically be captured and analyzed for the portion of the application associated with the anomaly. By automatically capturing data for just the portion associated with the anomaly, the present technology reduces the resource and time requirements associated with other code-based solutions for monitoring transactions. A method for performing a diagnostic session for a request may begin with initiating collection of diagnostic data associated with a request. An application thread on each of two or more servers may be sampled. The application threads may be associated with the same business transaction and the business transaction may be associated with the request. The diagnostic data may be stored.
Device hub system with resource access mechanism and method of operation thereof
A device hub system includes: a control unit configured to: generate a workroom for providing access to a workroom accessible resource, including an enterprise multifunctional printer, protected by a network firewall; provide authentication for a participant device to access the workroom; receive a workroom request through the workroom; generate a workroom sharable information from the workroom request; and a communication unit, coupled to the control unit, configured to distribute the workroom sharable information within the workroom.
Method and system for service assurance and capacity management using post dial delays
A computer readable storage medium stores a set of instructions operable by a processor. The set of instructions is operable to determine a metric related to connection delays in a network; determine a level of service degradation for a selected one of a plurality of mechanisms for accessing the network; and instruct a user equipment to use a further one of the plurality of mechanisms, if the level of service degradation for the selected one of the plurality of mechanisms is greater than a predetermined degradation threshold.
Forward-based resource delivery network management techniques
A resource delivery network and method for distributing content in the network is disclosed herein. The network comprises a plurality of servers arranged in tiers and partitioned. Each server includes a resource store with a set of resources for distribution to a successive tier. Updates to each successive tier are provided by a pull-forward client on servers in the tier. This forward propagation mechanism maximizes resource availability at edge servers in the network. Resources transmitted to the edge tier servers may be transformed, combined, and rendered without taxing lower tier servers. Transformation and pre-rendering of data can be performed by low priority CPU tasks at each layer of the system.
Management of network configuration in telecommunications network
A method for managing the configuration of a telecommunications network, the method comprises remotely creating a data file containing attributes of managed objects for one or more network elements of the network, uploading the data file to a management system of the network, inspecting the data file and identifying managed objects having attributes which have been created, varied or deleted, producing a database of the identified managed objects and the values thereof, and analysing the data in the database to manage the configuration of the telecommunications network accordingly. Also disclosed are an apparatus for performing the method, a management system incorporating the or apparatus and a telecommunications network incorporating the management system.
Dynamic telemetry message profiling and adjustment
Techniques and systems are described to improve computing device telemetry collection by automatic analysis and dynamic adjustment of telemetry collection rules. Certain implementations use a telemetry service to analyze telemetry messages and direct the adjusted rules at the client computing device, automatically and gradually refining telemetry collection as more relevant telemetry is received. Dynamic adjustments that can be made to the collection rules include, for example, changes to the collection frequency of telemetry messages, changes to the level of detail transmitted in the telemetry messages, and changes to the targets (e.g., applications, components, devices) from which to collect.
Process system for constructing network structure deployment diagram and method thereof and computer program product storing analysis program of network structure deployment
A process system for constructing network structure deployment diagram and the method thereof and a computer program product storing a network structure deployment analysis program are provided to analyze the network structure deployment of a target network. At first, a request instruction is sent by the process system for constructing the network structure deployment diagram to acquire network flow status messages. Interconnection relationship between the connection ports is analyzed by matching the acquired network flow status messages of the connection ports to generate the network structure deployment diagram of the target network. Accordingly, the invention utilizes the flow data messages of the connection ports in the network to create the network structure deployment diagram with advantages of easy implementation and high operation efficiency etc., and is especially suitable for large network systems with a large amount of network terminals.
Managing network bandwidth based on cognitive analysis of site content against organizational needs
An approach is provided in which a network bandwidth manager receives a first request to access site content from a source site over a computer network. The network bandwidth manager analyzes the site content against a domain corpora that corresponds to one or more organizational needs of an organization. When the network bandwidth manager receives a second request corresponding to the source site, the network bandwidth manager modifies a quality of service of the computer network to access the source site based upon the previous analysis. In turn, the network bandwidth manager provides access to the source site over the computer network utilizing the modified quality of service.
Method for transmitting and receiving signal related to monitoring by SCEF in wireless communication system and apparatus for the same
A method for transmitting and receiving a signal related to monitoring by a Service Capability Exposure Function (SCEF) in a wireless communication system is disclosed. The method includes receiving a first monitoring request containing first information related to monitoring configuration and deletion from a Service Capability Server/Application Server (SCS/AS), transmitting, to a Home Subscriber Server (HSS), a second monitoring request containing second information related to monitoring configuration and deletion, the second information being generated based on information related to the monitoring configuration and deletion, wherein the second monitoring request contains information indicating whether the second monitoring request is a request for deletion of all the monitoring configuration of a subscriber.
Apparatuses and methods for distributed configuration management of communication devices
A properties server includes memory configured to store group properties and global properties used to control operation of the communication devices, and a processor configured to manage the group properties and the global properties responsive to modifications made by an administrator, and to transmit the group properties and the global properties to the communication devices. A communication device includes a processor configured to communicate with a properties server to receive a set of properties that includes at least one group property and at least one global property, and memory operably coupled with the processor. The memory is configured to locally store properties used by the processor to operate the communication device, the locally stored properties being configured to be modified responsive to the set of properties received from the properties server. Related devices, communication systems, and methods are also described.
Network technology interworking via user programmable event-action profiles
The disclosure is directed to configuring an internetworking of a first network and a second network. Data representing one or more network events is received at a network element, data representing one or more actions to be performed by the second network in response to detection of the one or more events on the first network is received at the network element, and a mapping of the one or more network events to the one or more actions is stored by the network element.
Dynamic information exchange for remote security system
A system and method includes making a configuration change at a control panel in a security system. A message is encrypted with the configuration change and is automatically sent via a public network. The message is received at a receiver coupled to the public network and decrypted. A central controller database is then updated with the configuration change.
System and method of controlling surrounding devices, based on topology
A system and method of controlling surrounding devices, based on a topology are provided. The method of controlling sub surrounding devices, which is performed by a main surrounding device, includes receiving a plurality of pieces of surrounding device information about the sub surrounding devices from a host device; receiving context information about a context of the host device from the host device; obtaining topology setting information about topology configuration standards; determining a sub surrounding device to be comprised in a topology from among the sub surrounding devices, based on the context information and the topology setting information; connecting the main surrounding device with the host device and the sub surrounding device; and controlling the sub surrounding device, based on control information received from the host device.
Connection recovery method, apparatus, and system
A connection recovery method includes searching, by a first terminal, for a recovery candidate corresponding to an interrupted connection; selecting, by the first terminal, one found recovery candidate as a first recovery candidate; sending, by the first terminal, a negotiation request to a second terminal; receiving, by the first terminal, a matching success message returned by the second terminal; and transmitting, by the first terminal, data to the second terminal according to the first connection information.
Method and device for processing data forwarding
A method for processing data forwarding and a Service Provider-end Provider Edge (SPE) are disclosed, including the following steps: the SPE configuring data forwarding information which includes a corresponding relationship between Multi Segment Pseudo Wires (MSPW) information and forwarding information of an MSPW protection link group or a corresponding relationship between the MSPW information and forwarding information of other MSPW except the forwarding information of the MSPW protection link group (101); the SPE receiving a service message (102) carrying the MSPW information; the SPE querying the forwarding information of the MSPW protection link group or the forwarding information of other MSPW except the forwarding information of the MSPW protection link group (103); and the SPE performing label encapsulation and forwarding according to the queried-out forwarding information of the MSPW protection link group or forwarding information of other MSPW except the forwarding information of the MSPW protection link group (104).
Embedded meta-carrier with spread spectrum via overlaid carriers
A communication method for embedding a meta-carrier under an original carrier signal with reduced or minimal original carrier signal degradation, the method comprising transmitting an original carrier signal and transmitting a meta-carrier signal separate from the original carrier signal, wherein the meta-carrier signal contains information about an original carrier signal, is extractable under an interfered condition, and is transmitted such that the meta-carrier signal occupies at least a portion of a bandwidth of the original carrier signal.
Receiver for alamouti type space-time block coding FBMC system
A method of reception of signals transmitted by a FBMC transmitter using a block Alamouti coding. After demodulation in a base band, the received signal is sampled, with the sample blocks undergoing a sliding FFT before being de-multiplexed towards a first path during a first use of the channel and a second path during a second use of the channel. The vectors received on the first path are multiplied by a first and a second transfer matrix, conjugated to provide first and second vectors. The vectors received on a second path undergo time-reversal and complex conjugation and, if appropriate, multiplication by an imaginary factor, depending on the size of the blocks. The vectors thus obtained are multiplied by first and second transfer matrices to provide third and fourth vectors. The first and fourth (second and third vectors) are then combined and the combined vector is filtered and spectrally de-spread to give an estimate of the block transmitted by the first (second) antenna of the transmitter during the first use of the channel.
Method and apparatus for joint time and frequency synchronization in wireless communication systems
In a wireless communication system, a client terminal may first establish time and frequency synchronization with the network. While establishing the time and frequency synchronization, a client terminal may need to detect additional parameters about the network, such as physical cell identity, before it can initiate communication with the wireless communication system. Detecting the network parameters in presence of time and frequency offsets increases the complexity of the initial cell search procedure that includes time and frequency synchronization as well as detection of network parameters. A method and apparatus are disclosed that achieve joint time and frequency synchronization by utilizing the relationship between frequency offset and the apparent timing shift. The joint time and frequency synchronization enables faster and more reliable synchronization with the wireless communication system.
System and method for implementing orthogonal time frequency space communications using OFDM
A system and method for orthogonal time frequency space communication and waveform generation. The method includes receiving a plurality of information symbols and encoding an N×M array containing the plurality of information symbols into a two-dimensional array of modulation symbols by spreading each of the plurality of information symbols with respect to both time and frequency. The two-dimensional array of modulation symbols is then transmitted using M mutually orthogonal waveforms included within M frequency sub-bands.
Methods and apparatus for performing a high speed phase demodulation scheme using a low bandwidth phase-lock loop
Methods and apparatus for performing a high speed phase demodulation scheme using a low bandwidth phase-lock loop are disclosed. An example apparatus includes a low bandwidth phase lock loop to lock to a data signal at a first phase, the data signal capable of oscillating at the first phase or a second phase; and output a first output signal at the first phase and a second output signal at the second phase, the first output signal or the second output signal being utilized in a feedback loop of the low bandwidth phase lock loop. The example apparatus further includes a fast phase change detection circuit coupled to the low bandwidth phase lock loop to determine whether the data signal is oscillating at the first phase or the second phase; when the data signal is oscillating at the first phase, output a first logic value; and when the data signal is oscillating at the second phase, output a second logic value, the output of the fast phase change detection circuit being used to determine whether the first output signal or the second output signal will be utilized in the feedback loop of the low bandwidth phase lock loop.
Apparatus and method for changing frequency deviation
A protocol to be used in the transmission is determined. Based upon the protocol, the transmission frequency range of a clock is selectively altered. TPMS data is transmitted according to the altered transmission frequency range of the clock.
System and method to facilitate real-time communications and content sharing among users over a network
A system and method to facilitate real-time communications and content sharing among users over a network are described. In one preferred embodiment, multiple links to content information are dynamically generated for a sender user. Responsive to selection of a link by the sender user, the link and associated metadata information are communicated to at least one recipient user engaged in the real-time communications session with the sender user.
Managing multiple virtual area network memberships
To facilitate management and configuration of VLAN memberships associated with applications or network protocols, a network device receives a packet from a wireless station which is a member of a virtual local area network (VLAN). The network device determines whether the packet is associated with a predefined application or network protocol. If so, the network device delivers the received packet to a dedicated VLAN which is accessible only to network devices associated with the predefined application or network protocol, regardless of destination address specified within the packet. If not, the network device delivers the received packet to an address or a group of addresses specified in a header of the received packet. In some embodiments, the VLAN is divided from a VLAN pool, and the dedicated VLAN corresponds to an address space that is outside the address space of the VLAN pool.
Multicast negative acknowledgements using high-energy long-training fields for feedback
Apparatuses, computer readable media, and methods for multicast negative acknowledgements using high-energy long-training fields for feedback are disclosed. An apparatus of a wireless device is disclosed. The apparatus includes memory and processing circuitry coupled to the memory where the processing circuitry configured to: encode one or more packets in accordance with multicast or broadcast, cause to be transmitted the one or more packets to one or more stations, and decode feedback from the one or more stations. The feedback may be received simultaneously on a same resource block for each packet of the one or more packets. Each packet may be represented by one resource block of the one or more resource blocks. The resource blocks may be thirty-six resource blocks per 20 MHz subchannel with nine resource blocks in a frequency domain by four spatial streams.
Collaborative platform for teams with messaging and learning across groups
The present disclosure extends to methods, systems, and computer program products for providing collaboration among users within a group for improved communication and scheduling.
Network connection re-establishment method, related device and system
An embodiment of the present invention discloses a network connection re-establishment method, including: detecting whether gateway resetting occurs, and if it is detected that gateway resetting occurs, sending a network connection re-establishment trigger message to an access node when a downlink packet sent by a packet data network is received, where the access node re-establishes, according to a type of the gateway resetting, a network connection corresponding to the downlink packet, and the type of the gateway resetting is resetting of a data gateway or resetting of a serving gateway. The present invention can be used to quickly re-establish a network connection, and can be applied to a situation in which a serving gateway and a data gateway are integrated.
Encrypted data inspection in a network environment
Technologies are provided in example embodiments for analyzing an encrypted network flow. The technologies include monitoring the encrypted network flow between a first node and a second node, the network flow initiated from the first node; duplicating the encrypted network flow to form a copy of the encrypted network flow; decrypting the copy of the encrypted network flow using a shared secret, the shared secret associated with the first node and the second node; and scanning the network flow copy for targeted data.
System and method for rules-based control of custody of electronic signature transactions
Techniques for electronic signature processes are described. Some embodiments provide an electronic signature service (“ESS”) configured to facilitate the creation, storage, and management of electronic signature documents. In one embodiment, an electronic signature document may be associated with custody transfer rules that facilitate transfers of custody of an electronic signature document from one user or party to another. A custody transfer may results in a transfer of rights or capabilities to operate upon (e.g., modify, view, send, delete) an electronic signature document and/or its associated data. A custody transfer rule may be trigged by the occurrence of a particular event, such as the receipt of an electronic signature.
Authenticated remote pin unblock
This invention provides a simple and secure PIN unblock mechanism for use with a security token. A set of one or more passphrases are stored on a remote server during personalization. Likewise, the answers to the passphrases are hashed and stored inside the security token for future comparison. A local client program provides the user input and display dialogs and ensures a secure communications channel is provided before passphrases are retrieved from the remote server. Retrieval of passphrases and an administrative unblock secret from the remote server are accomplished using a unique identifier associated with the security token, typically the token's serial number. A PIN unblock applet provides the administrative mechanism to unblock the security token upon receipt of an administrative unblock shared secret. The remote server releases the administrative unblock shared secret only after a non-forgeable confirmatory message is received from the security token that the user has been properly authenticated. The administrative unblock shared secret is encrypted with the token's public key during transport to maximize security.
Updating cryptographic key pair
A computing device has a processor and a persistent memory, e.g., a fuse-based memory, storing two or more reduced sets of information. The processor is configured to derive a first cryptographic key using a first reduced set of information, e.g., prime numbers, and to use the first cryptographic key for performing cryptographic operations. The processor is also configured to detect a trigger event and, in response to the detected trigger event, derive a second cryptographic key using a second reduced set of information. The processor can then use the second cryptographic key for performing cryptographic operations.
Decryption of secure sockets layer sessions having enabled perfect forward secrecy using a diffie-hellman key exchange
A device may receive client cipher information, associated with initiating a secure session, identifying at least one key exchange cipher supported by a client device associated with the secure session. The device may determine, based on the client cipher information, that a Diffie-Hellman key exchange is to be used to establish the secure session. The device may determine whether a server device, associated with the secure session, supports use of the Diffie-Hellman key exchange. The device may manage establishment of the secure session using a first decryption technique based on determining that the server device does not support the use of the Diffie-Hellman key exchange, or manage establishment of the secure session using a second decryption technique based on determining that the server device supports the use of the Diffie-Hellman key exchange or being unable to determine whether the server device supports the use of the Diffie-Hellman key exchange.
Efficient sharing of hardware encryption pipeline for multiple security solutions
A processing or memory device may include a first encryption pipeline to encrypt and decrypt data with a first encryption mode and a second encryption pipeline to encrypt and decrypt data with a second encryption mode, wherein the first encryption pipeline and the second encryption pipeline share a single, shared pipeline for a majority of encryption and decryption operations performed by the first encryption pipeline and by the second encryption pipeline. A controller (and/or other logic) may direct selection of encrypted (or decrypted) data from the first and second encryption pipelines responsive to a region of memory to which a physical address of a memory request is directed. The result of the selection may result in bypassing encryption/decryption or encrypting/decrypting the data according to the first encryption mode or the second encryption mode. More than two encryption modes are envisioned.
Method for automatically finding the optimum sampling point in an eye diagram
A system and method of multi-symbol communications from a transmitter to a receiver via a channel, including transmitting signals as a waveform representing a sequence of symbols, each symbol of unit-interval duration and each symbol associated with its own signal level. This method includes graphically representing the waveform as an eye diagram having a horizontal time axis and a vertical signal level axis arranged to form one or more eyes, and using a sampling point in each eye to determine which signal the waveform in any unit interval represents. Each sampling point has a phase and a decision threshold. The method further includes identifying the eyes in the eye diagram, finding a convex polygonal region fitting within each eye, finding a largest rectangle fitting the convex polygonal region of each eye, and positioning the sampling point in each eye at a center of the rectangle of that eye.
Electrical power networks
A method of determining a communication time delay in a communication network between a local terminal and one or more remote terminals within an electrical power network includes: selecting, in respect of the or each remote terminal a calculation node in the electrical power network; calculating respective node currents flowing into the corresponding calculation node from the local terminal and the or each remote terminal; equating, in respect of the or each remote terminal, a sum of node currents flowing into the corresponding calculation node to zero according to Kirchhoff's first law; and extracting, in respect of the or each remote terminal, a communication time delay between the local terminal and the said respective remote terminal from a corresponding equated sum of node currents.
Selection of acknowledgment timing in wireless communications
Disclosed is a method including communicating, by a mobile device, with a base station via first and second component carriers having different frequency bands and time division duplexing (TDD) configurations. The method may include receiving one or more downlink transmissions via the second component carrier. The method may include selecting a hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) timing sequence based on the TDD configurations of the first and second component carriers. The method may include transmitting one or more positive acknowledgment and/or negative acknowledgement (ACK/NACK) signals, associated with the one or more downlink transmissions, according to the selected HARQ timing sequence. Other embodiments may be described and claimed.
In-band full duplex transceiver
Disclosed is an in-band full duplex transceiver. The in-band full duplex transceiver may include a transmitter, a hybrid transformer, and an impedance matching unit. The hybrid transformer may include a first end connected to an antenna, may output a transmitting signal to the antenna, and may output a received signal provided through the antenna to the receiver. The impedance matching unit may include balance networks connected to a second end of the hybrid transformer and matching impedance of the antenna.
Communication control device to control automatic repeat request processes
Provided is a communication control device configured to control radio communication in accordance with a time division duplex (TDD) method, the communication control device including: a setting unit configured to set a link direction configuration indicating a link direction of each subframe, with respect to each frame including a plurality of subframes; and a control unit configured to control processes of automatic repeat request with respect to a terminal device that performs radio communication. The control unit controls the processes to make a number of the processes equal to or smaller than a maximum number according to setting of the link direction configuration.
Integrated circuit for controlling radio communication
Provided is a radio communication device which can prevent interference between SRS and PUCCH when the PUCCH transmission bandwidth fluctuates and suppress degradation of CQI estimation accuracy by the band where no SRS is transmitted. The device includes: an SRS code generation unit (201) which generates an SRS (Sounding Reference Signal) for measuring uplink line data channel quality; an SRS arrangement unit (202) which frequency-multiplexes the SRS on the SR transmission band and arranges it; and an SRS arrangement control unit (208) which controls SRS frequency multiplex so as to be uniform in frequency without modifying the bandwidth of one SRS multiplex unit in accordance with the fluctuation of the reference signal transmission bandwidth according to the SRS arrangement information transmitted from the base station and furthermore controls the transmission interval of the frequency-multiplexed SRS.
Determining UL radio resources for delivery acknowledgement information of a DSCH when a plurality of resource sets of an enhanced DCCH are configured
A system and method for allocating adequate uplink radio resources for delivery acknowledgement information of a downlink shared data channel when downlink control information is transmitted using an enhanced downlink control channel is disclosed. A radio base station configures a plurality of enhanced PDCCH sets, which are each formed to include a plurality of enhanced control channel elements (eCCEs) allocated to the enhanced downlink control channel, for a user terminal, the radio base station transmits, to the user terminal, the downlink control information, to which resource identifiers (ARIs) are added, the resource identifiers being different between the plurality of enhanced PDCCH sets, and the user terminal determines radio resources for an uplink control channel that are used to transmit delivery acknowledgment information of the downlink shared data channel, based on offset values that are associated with the resource identifiers (ARIs).
Aggregation frame design method and apparatus
Embodiments of the present application provide an aggregation frame design method and apparatus, the method includes: selecting, by a transmit end from N different hash function groups, one group that has a same sequence number as that of each receive end, mapping a MAC address of each receive end into a number X, and denoting the number X; obtaining M first sequences of each receive end, and performing a bitwise OR operation on the M first sequences to obtain an identification sequence of each receive end; obtaining N identification sequences of N receive ends, performing a bitwise OR operation on the N identification sequences to obtain a Bloom sequence, and encoding and modulating the Bloom sequence to map the Bloom sequence onto an OFDM symbol; and forming an aggregation frame by using a pilot signal, the OFDM symbol, the N identification sequences, and data of the N receive ends.
Method and device for transmitting control information
Disclosed are a method and device for transmitting control information, to provide a control information sending manner based on a diversity transmission mode. The method for transmitting control information includes: determining the transmission of a plurality of enhanced control channel units (E-CCE) of an enhanced physical downlink control channel (E-PDCCH), each E-CCE containing the same number of enhanced resource unit groups (E-REGs), and a plurality of E-REGs contained in each E-CCE respectively belonging to a different frequency resource block (RB); and bearing each piece of downlink control information (DCI) to be transmitted over the E-PDCCH into at least one E-CCE for transmission. It is realized that each portion of one piece of DCI is respectively borne onto a plurality of frequency bands corresponding to the E-PDCCH for transmission, improving the stability and reliability of DCI transmission.
Method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving reference signal in device-to-device communication
A method and an apparatus for generating a sequence including a demodulation reference signal (DM RS) and a preamble in device-to-device (D2D) communications are provided. The method includes obtaining, by a controller of an apparatus, a synchronization identify of a synchronization signal used for the D2D communication, obtaining a group identify of a communication group where a terminal belongs, generating a DM RS sequence for the D2D communication based on at least one of the synchronization identity and the group identity, mapping the DM RS sequence to predetermined symbol positions in a subframe, and transmitting the DM RS sequence from the terminal through the subframe.
Coordination of clear channel assessment across component carriers in an unlicensed or shared spectrum
Methods, systems, and devices are described for clear channel assessments (CCAs) on multiple component carriers transmitted using an unlicensed or shared spectrum. A set of component carriers may be identified for transmission of communications signals on the unlicensed or shared spectrum, and a CCA for one component carrier of the set may be staggered to occur at a different time than a CCA for a different component carrier of the setoff component carriers. The staggering of CCAs may allow for CCA to be performed at different times for different component carriers, thus increasing opportunities to gain channel access in the unlicensed or shared spectrum.
Turbo HSDPA system
A method of power saving for a wireless transceiver (FIGS. 1 and 2) is disclosed. The transceiver has an active power mode (504) and a reduced power mode (510). The transceiver is operated in the reduced power mode (510) and monitors transmissions from a remote wireless transmitter while in the reduced power mode. The transceiver identifies a transmission from in the remote wireless transmitter by a transceiver identity included in the transmission (FIG. 6, UE identification). The transceiver transitions to the active power mode (512) in response to identifying the transmission.
ASA assistance-based interference coordination method in heterogeneous TDD relay network
The present invention provides an authorized shared access (ASA) assisted interference coordination method in a heterogeneous time-division duplexing (TDD) relay network. In a TDD relay system architecture, an ASA controller assists a secondary system to perform an interference coordination mechanism by adjusting a time slot structure configuration and synchronization information, and a mobility management entity (MME) obtains a time slot configuration and the synchronization information of a primary system through ASA, and selects, according to relevant information of a relay node inside a management range, an optimal time slot configuration and a working mode for the relay node.
Method and system for supporting multiple hybrid automatic repeat request processes per transmission time interval
A method and apparatus may be used for supporting multiple hybrid automatic repeat request (H-ARQ) processes per transmission time interval (TTI). A transmitter and a receiver may include a plurality of H-ARQ processes. Each H-ARQ process may transmit and receive one TB per TTI. The transmitter may generate a plurality of TBs and assign each TB to a H-ARQ process. The transmitter may send control information for each TB, which may include H-ARQ information associated TBs with the TBs. The transmitter may send the TBs using the associated H-ARQ processes simultaneously per TTI. After receiving the TBs, the receiver may send feedback for each of the H-ARQ processes and associated TBs indicating successful or unsuccessful receipt of each of the TBs to the transmitter. The feedback for multiple TBs may be combined for the simultaneously transmitted H-ARQ processes, (i.e., TBs).
System and method for implementing multiple FEC encoding profiles
Systems and methods for FEC encoding, for example for 10GEPON are provided. For the upstream or downstream, multiple FEC encoding and decoding profiles are implemented that include various levels of FEC encoding. Then, for a given ONU, a selection between these FEC encoding profiles is made. The OLT can instruct the ONU which FEC encoding profile to use for upstream, and which FEC decoding profile to use for downstream.
Wireless network with power aware transmission control
A wireless device that tailors communications based on power parameters of the device. In one embodiment, a wireless device includes an energy source, a power monitor coupled to the energy source, a wireless transceiver, and a traffic controller coupled to the power monitor and the wireless transceiver. The power monitor is configured to measure a parameter of the energy source. The wireless transceiver is configured to wirelessly communicate via a wireless network. The traffic controller is configured to dynamically provide traffic management based on a prediction of wireless device capabilities using the present state of the energy source.
Locally powered optical communication network
A branching unit for an optical system includes an optical add-drop multiplexer, which includes first and second filters. The first filter is configured to filter a first band of wavelengths of a communication spectrum for a first communication segment. The second filter is configured to filter a second band of wavelengths of the communication spectrum for a second communication segment. The second band of wavelengths overlaps the first band of wavelengths in an overlap band of wavelengths with no guard band between the first band of wavelengths and the second band of wavelengths. Moreover, the overlap band of wavelengths has a variable size. The first band of wavelengths includes a first fraction of the overlap band of wavelengths for the first communication segment and the second band of wavelengths includes a remaining fraction of the overlap band of wavelengths for the second communication segment.
Wavelength selective switch having integrated channel monitor
An optical device includes an optical port array having first and second optical inputs for receiving optical beams and a first plurality of optical outputs associated with switching functionality and a second plurality of optical outputs associated with channel monitoring functionality. A dispersion element receives the optical beam from an input and spatially separates the beam into a plurality of wavelength components. The focusing element focuses the wavelength components. The optical path conversion system receives the plurality of wavelength components and selectively directs each one to a prescribed one of the optical ports. The photodetectors are each associated with one of the optical outputs in the second plurality of optical outputs and receive a wavelength component therefrom. The controller causes the optical path conversion system to simultaneously direct each of the wavelength components to a different one of the optical outputs of the second plurality of optical outputs.
Congestion control for Scrambled Coded Multiple Access (SCMA)
A telecommunication system includes a gateway receiver having a processor and a data storage medium. The receiver is programmed to wirelessly communicate with a plurality of terminals, determine an error rate associated with communication with the plurality of terminals, determine an operating probability from the error rate, and transmit the operating probability to the plurality of terminals. A terminal includes a transmitter programmed to transmit signals to the gateway receiver in accordance with a number of transmitting slots. The terminal has a receiver programmed to receive signals transmitted from the gateway receiver, including an operating probability signal representing the operating probability. The terminal also includes processor programmed to select the number of transmitting slots based at least in part on the operating probability.
Communication apparatus and reference signal receiving method
Provided are a wireless communication apparatus and a reference signal generating method, wherein inter-cell interference is reduced inside and outside a CoMP set. A CoMP mode setting unit (101) sets whether the terminal (100) thereof is a CoMP terminal or a Non-CoMP terminal. When the terminal (100) is set as a Non-CoMP terminal, the hopping pattern calculating unit (104) calculates a ZC sequence number to be used as the transmission timing, from among all the ZC sequence numbers that can be used within the system. When the terminal (100) is set as a CoMP terminal, the hopping pattern calculating unit (104) calculates a ZC sequence number to be used as the transmission timing, by hopping the ZC sequence numbers to be used within the CoMP set. A ZC sequence generating unit (105) generates a ZC sequence to be used as an SRS, using the calculated ZC sequence number.
Method for retaining clock traceability over an asynchronous interface
Network elements within a network are configured to retain clock traceability over an asynchronous interface. The network elements can generate and process multi-frames that include two different types of traffic, each synchronized to a different respective clock source. Each of the multi-frames is synchronized to the clock source of one of the traffic types and further includes a timestamp to enable the original clock signal of the other traffic type to be reconstructed at the receiving network element.
System and method for sharing preset radio stations using a wireless network
Embodiments provide a vehicle comprising a wireless transceiver for transmitting a request for radio presets to a plurality of vehicles within a predetermined proximity of the vehicle; a processor for generating a list of local radio stations based on radio presets information received by the wireless transceiver and a user preference for prioritizing the stations; and an audio system for playing audio received from a selected one of the local radio stations. Embodiments also include a method in a vehicle comprising sending, via a wireless transceiver, a request for radio presets to a plurality of vehicles within a predetermined proximity of the vehicle; generating, using a processor, a list of local radio stations based on radio presets information received by the wireless transceiver and a user preference for prioritizing the stations; and playing, via an audio system, audio received from a selected one of the local radio stations.
Seamless linking of multiple audio signals
In one embodiment, an apparatus includes: a first demodulator to demodulate a digital signal into a first demodulated audio signal; a second demodulator to demodulate an analog signal into a second demodulated audio signal, the first and second demodulated audio signals including common content; and a delay determination circuit to determine a delay value between the common content of the two demodulated audio signals based at least in part on a first delay estimate having a first resolution and a second delay estimate having a second resolution.
Antenna element self-test and monitoring
A method of testing a phased array antenna that includes a plurality of antenna element pairs, each antenna element pair of the plurality of antenna element pairs including a first antenna element and a second antenna element, the method including: for each antenna element pair of the plurality of antenna element pairs, performing a first cross element gain measurement from the first antenna element to the second antenna element of that antenna element pair; and determining whether there is a problem associated with the phased array antenna by examining the first cross element gain measurements for the plurality of antenna element pairs.
Methods, systems, and devices for integrating wireless technology into a fiber optic network
The present disclosure relates to a fiber optic network configuration having an optical network terminal located at a subscriber location. The fiber optic network configuration also includes a drop terminal located outside the subscriber location and a wireless transceiver located outside the subscriber location. The fiber optic network further includes a cabling arrangement including a first signal line that extends from the drop terminal to the optical network terminal, a second signal line that extends from the optical network terminal to the wireless transceiver, and a power line that extends from the optical network terminal to the wireless transceiver.
Management system for GPON based services
A computerized system and method for managing a passive optical network (PON) is disclosed. The system includes a detection and analysis module adapted for receiving uploaded measurement data from an optical line terminal (OLT) and at least one optical network terminal (ONT), and at least one of technical tools data, service failure data, and outside plant data. The detection and analysis module is adapted for determining a source of failure or potential failure in the PON by correlating the uploaded measurement data and the at least one of technical tools data and service failure data with information stored in a memory medium for the OLT and each ONT.
Method for transmitting and receiving a signal in cells having different uplink-downlink configurations, and apparatus therefor
A method and a user equipment (UE) for transmitting an uplink (UL) signal in a wireless communication system supporting carrier aggregation are discussed. The UE is configured with a plurality of cells. A first cell and a second cell operate in time division duplex (TDD) and have different TDD uplink-downlink (UL-DL) configurations. The method according to an embodiment includes determining a specific TDD UL-DL configuration having a smallest number of D subframes from among one or more TDD UL-DL configurations, each of the one or more TDD UL-DL configurations being configured as a D subframe in each D subframe of the first cell and the second cell, the D subframe indicating a downlink (DL) subframe or a subframe comprising a downlink period, a guard period, and an uplink period; and transmitting a control signal in a UL subframe in response to at least one downlink signal.
Method and apparatus for spectral efficient data transmission in satellite systems
A communication satellite system provides for spectral efficient data transmissions by a gateway to multiple user terminals by way of a satellite. The gateway transmits multiple blocks in a single slot, each block intended for one of the user terminals, where each block is encoded and modulated according to a scheme that may be different for each intended user terminal. Upon re-transmission of a block if that block is lost or received in error, the block may be encoded and modulated according to another scheme that is less spectrally efficient than in the first transmission of the block.
This invention provides a wireless relay which derives power for operation from voltages connected to inputs to the relay. The wireless relay has a radio receiver, a microcontroller, control terminals, and switched terminals. Optionally, the wireless relay may further comprise a transmitter.
Method and repeater for broadband distribution
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a method that includes extracting first channel signals from first guided electromagnetic waves bound to an outer surface of a transmission medium of a guided wave communication system; amplifying the first channel signals to generate amplified first channel signals in accordance with a phase correction; selecting one or more of the amplified first channel signals to wirelessly transmit to at least one client device via an antenna; and guiding the amplified first channel signals to the transmission medium of the guided wave communication system to propagate as second guided electromagnetic waves, wherein the phase correction aligns a phase of the second guided electromagnetic waves to add in-phase with a residual portion of the first guided electromagnetic waves that continues propagation along the transmission medium.
Node in a wireless communication system with four beam ports and corresponding method
The present invention relates to a communication node with at least one antenna arrangement having four first antenna devices with corresponding antenna port pairs. Each pair of antenna ports comprising a corresponding first antenna port for a first polarization and second antenna port for a second orthogonal polarization. A beamforming arrangement comprises four beam ports and is configured to apply beam weights to each one of the antenna ports.The present invention also relates to a corresponding method.
MIMO beamforming method and method of constructing a differential codebook for a wireless network
A MIMO beamforming method comprises receiving at a base station information regarding a difference between an ideal beamforming matrix and an averaged beamforming direction, using the information to construct a beamforming matrix at the base station, and performing a beamforming operation using the reconstructed beamforming matrix. Alternatively, the method comprises computing at a subscriber station an averaged beamforming direction, computing at the subscriber station a quantization index corresponding to a differential matrix in a differential codebook, and transmitting the quantization index across a wireless channel of the wireless network. The differential codebook may be constructed by identifying a codebook center and transforming a predefined codebook that is stored in a memory of a component of the wireless network.
Enhanced beamforming training in a wireless local area networks
Apparatus, computer readable media, and methods for enhanced beamforming training in a wireless local area network are disclosed. An apparatus of a access point or station is disclosed. The apparatus including processing circuitry where the processing circuitry is configured to encode an EBRP packet comprising a first portion comprising an indication of a first number of transmit antenna training settings (N-TX), and an indication of a second number of receive training subfields per N-TX settings (N-RX), and a second portion comprising a third number of training subfields. The third number may be less than or equal to N-TX times N-RX. The processing circuitry may be configured to cause the first portion of the EBRP packet to be transmitted and cause the second portion to be transmitted, where two or more of the third number of training subfields are to be transmitted simultaneously using different antennas and orthogonal sequences.
Method and apparatus for channel calibration among multiple RRUs
The present invention discloses a method and an apparatus for channel calibration among multiple RRUs, and pertains to the field of communications technologies. The method includes self-calibrating two RRUs to obtain two self-calibration coefficient, exchanging calibration sequences between the two RRUs through an air interface, returning, by one RRU, the calibration sequence received from another RRU to the another RRU in the air interface, and acquiring a calibration coefficient of the another RRU according to the calibration sequences and the self-calibration coefficients.
Cloud radio access network
Instead of just consuming network resources, client devices create network resources via cooperative subspace processing to increase data bandwidth and expand radio coverage so the network grows dynamically with demand. Server-side cooperative-MIMO provides joint processing for geographically distributed base stations with overlapping coverage areas. A combination of centralized coordination and distributed computing pools and virtualizes base station processing, which reduces complexity, size, and power requirements of base stations to facilitate rapid and inexpensive network deployments. Cooperative subspace coding reduces overhead and transport-layer inefficiencies, and enables each channel to simultaneously employ multiple network paths, even over non-homogeneous networks. Cooperative subspace processing enables a client in a first network to reuse its allocated channels for communicating in another network without interfering with the first network.
System and method of wireless communication using large-scale antenna networks
A communication method uses a distributed cell-free network of spatially independent service antennas. According to the method, pilot sequences are allocated to a user population of access terminals by an allocation procedure that imposes local relative orthogonality of pilot sequences. Channel coefficients for access terminals are determined by measuring allocated pilot sequences as received by each of the service antennas. In embodiments of the invention, the determination of channel coefficients is performed independently and the resulting channel coefficients are locally stored at the respective service antennas. At each service antenna, a processor independently uses locally stored channel coefficients to precode forward link signals or to at least partially decode reverse link signals.
Method for changing pattern of reference signals according to coherence time variation in wireless communication system and apparatus therefor
A method for transmitting a reference signal to a user equipment at a base station in a wireless communication system is disclosed. The method includes transmitting a control channel and the reference signal having a first pattern for the control channel to the user equipment and transmitting a data channel and the reference signal having a second pattern for the data channel to the user equipment, wherein reference signal density of the second pattern is determined based on a coherence time of the data channel, and the first pattern includes the second pattern.
Wireless charger using frequency aliasing FSK demodulation
A frequency shift keying (FSK) demodulation component having of a sampler that receives an FSK modulated signal, samples the received FSK modulated signal, and outputs the sampled signal. The FSK demodulation component further includes a low pass filter that filters the sampled signal, and a frequency shift detector that detects shifts in frequency of the low pass filtered sampled signal. The FSK demodulation component then outputs an indication of the detection of shifts in frequency of the low pass filtered sampled signal.
Computer ecosystem with temporary digital rights management (DRM) transfer
A user who purchases content can temporarily transfer rights to play the content to another device, provided the device registered to have the rights in nearby.
Reverse power feeding power sourcing equipment and method
A reverse power feeding PSE in electrical communication with a DPU, the PSE constituted of: a control circuitry; and a detection and classification signal circuitry, arranged to: output a detection signal; output a classification signal; and output an additional signal exhibiting a voltage below an operating range, and wherein the control circuitry is arranged to: responsive to the output first detection signal, detect a valid signature resistance; responsive to the output first classification signal, receive a classification current and determine the class of the DPU; responsive to the output additional signal, detect the absence, or presence, of an off-hook phone; responsive to the detection of the absence of an off-hook phone, and further responsive to the detection of the valid signature resistance, output power exhibiting a voltage within the operating range; and responsive to the detection of the presence of an off-hook phone, not output power.
Wireless communication system
A method for communication includes transmitting a first uplink message from a first remote node (200, 300, 400) to a central node (100) in a wireless communication system according to a first frequency hopping scheme, and transmitting a second uplink message from a second remote node to the central node in the wireless communication system according to a second frequency hopping scheme, different from the first scheme. Both the first and the second uplink messages are received and processed at the central node.
Sharing an antenna between LTE-U and WLAN
In a particular aspect, a method includes receiving, at a long-term evolution (LTE) circuitry of wireless device from a wireless local area network (WLAN) circuitry of the wireless device while the LTE circuitry has control of at least one antenna of the wireless device, a request for control of the at least one antenna. Communications by the LTE circuitry using the at least one antenna corresponds to a first frequency band, communications by the WLAN circuitry using the at least one antenna correspond to a second frequency band, and the first frequency band at least partially overlaps the second frequency band. The method further includes sending a response from the LTE circuitry to the WLAN circuitry based on data included in the request.
Methods and apparatus to improve SNR for signaling across multi-channel cables
An Ethernet transceiver integrated circuit (IC) chip is disclosed. The IC chip includes multiple physical sub-channels, where each sub-channel transfers data symbols along a wired link. Each data symbol representing a group of multiple data bits. Logic determines a signal quality parameter value for each of the sub-channels. For each sub-channel, in a first mode where a given sub-channel exhibits a signaling quality above a first predetermined threshold, the logic assigns a modulation of a first type associated with a first constellation. In a second mode where a given sub-channel exhibits a signaling quality below the first predetermined threshold, the logic assigns a modulation of a second type associated with a second constellation that is sparser than the first constellation. Where a second sub-channel exhibits a signaling quality above a third predetermined threshold that is higher than the first threshold, the logic assigns a modulation of a third type associated with a third constellation that is denser than the first constellation.
Diversity receiver front end system with variable-gain amplifiers
Diversity receiver front end system with variable-gain amplifiers. A receiving system can include a controller configured to selectively activate one or more of a plurality of paths between an input of a first multiplexer and an output of a second multiplexer. The receiving system can further include a plurality of bandpass filters, each one of the plurality of bandpass filters disposed along a corresponding one of the plurality of paths and configured to filter a signal received at the bandpass filter to a respective frequency band. The receiving system can further include a plurality of variable-gain amplifiers (VGAs), each one of the plurality of VGAs disposed along a corresponding one of the plurality of paths and configured to amplify a signal received at the VGA with a gain controlled by an amplifier control signal received from the controller.
Analog predistorter core module and analog predistorter system
An analog predistorter (APD) core module including a radio frequency delay module, an envelope module, and a contact matrix module. The radio frequency delay module is configured to receive a feed-forward radio frequency signal, generate multiple radio frequency delay signals with different delays according to the feed-forward radio frequency signal, and output each radio frequency delay signal to the contact matrix module. The envelope module is configured to receive the feed-forward radio frequency signal, perform envelope detection on the feed-forward radio frequency signal to obtain multiple envelope signals with different delays, and output each envelope signal to the contact matrix module. The contact matrix module is configured to receive each radio frequency delay signal, each envelope signal, and a predistortion coefficient from an exterior source, and generate a predistortion signal according to the predistortion coefficient, each radio frequency delay signal, and each envelope signal.
Energy efficient polynomial kernel generation in full-duplex radio communication
A polynomial kernel generator is configured to mitigate nonlinearity in a receiver path from a transmitter path comprising a nonlinear component in a communication device or system. The polynomial kernel generator operates to generate polynomial kernels that can be utilized to model the nonlinearity as a function of a piecewise polynomial approximation applied to a nonlinear function of the nonlinearity. The polynomial kernel generator generates kernels in a multiplier less architecture with polynomial computations in a log domain using a fixed number of adders.
High efficiency transmitter architectures for a localized single-carrier frequency division multiple access transceiver
This disclosure relates to a system and method for generating single-carrier frequency division multiple access (SC-FDMA) transmissions using a high efficiency architecture. According to some embodiments, frequency resources allocated for a transmission may be determined. The allocated frequency resources may have a bandwidth less than a channel bandwidth of a frequency channel of the transmission, and may be centered around a particular frequency. The frequency may be offset from the center frequency of the channel. A baseband signal located around DC corresponding to the channel center frequency may be generated. The baseband signal may be up-converted to an RF signal using a local oscillator tuned to the frequency around which the allocated frequency resources are centered. The RF signal may be transmitted.
Information processing device, information processing method, and information processing program for data compression
An information processing method for a computer for data compression, the method includes: performing projective transformation of a first numeric string corresponding to an input signal into a second numeric string which contains more components than the first numeric string and having a sum of squares of components as a predetermined value by using a plurality of projective parameters; and generating a bit string in which bits indicating positive and negative signs of the respective components of an operation result obtained by a vector product operation of the second numeric string obtained by the projective transformation and an observation matrix are arranged.
Oscillator, electronic apparatus, and moving object
An oscillator includes: an integrated circuit including a circuit for oscillation; a resonator element; a circuit element; a heating element, and a container. The integrated circuit, the resonator element, and the heating element are arranged inside the container. The circuit element is arranged outside the container.
Programmable application-specific integrated circuit
An integrated-circuit field-programmable gate array comprising a plurality of arrayed logic elements. The array includes a plurality of first electrical conductors extending along at least portions of the array, and a plurality of second electrical conductors extending along at least portions of the array. The first conductors cross the second conductors at switch cell locations. The first and second conductors are electrically discontinuous at the switch cell locations so that each switch cell is associated with first and second ends of one of the first conductors, and is also associated with first and second ends of one of the second conductors. A plurality of electrical nanotube switches are provided and associated with each of the switch cells.
Apparatus for configurable interface and associated methods
An field programmable gate array (FPGA) includes a circuit implemented using the FPGA fabric. The FPGA further includes another circuit implemented as hardened circuitry. The FPGA also includes a configurable interface circuit that is adapted to couple together the two circuits.
Low power level shifter circuit
A level shifter circuit is disclosed. A level shifter circuit includes a static pull-down circuit that causes an output node to be pulled low responsive to an input circuit receiving a first logic value on an input node. The input node is coupled to receive a signal from circuitry in a first voltage domain, while the output node is configured to provide a corresponding signal into a second voltage domain. The static pull-down circuit is implemented with a passgate having a pair of transistors coupled in series. The level shifter circuit further includes a dynamic pull-up circuit that, when active, causes the output node to be pulled high responsive to the input circuit receiving a second logic value on the input node. The dynamic pull-up circuit includes third and fourth transistors coupled in series between the output node and a supply voltage node of the second voltage domain.
Low side and high side drivers for a motor
A driver circuit for driving a portion of a motor system is disclosed. The driver circuit may include a current reverse detector operable to detect a current direction associated with the portion of the motor system, an insulated gate bipolar transistor (“IGBT”) driver, and an IGBT. The IGBT driver may include: a first input coupled to an output of the current reverse detector and a second input coupled to an operation indication signal.
Integrated circuit comprising circuitry to change a clock signal frequency while a data signal is valid
Methods and apparatuses for communicating information are described. In some embodiments, a first integrated circuit (IC) provides a clock signal and a data signal to a second IC, wherein the data bits of the data signal are timed according to the clock signal, and wherein the frequency of the clock signal is capable of being changed even when the data signal is valid.
Two-stage noise filter and electronic device including the same
Disclosed are a two-stage noise filter, in which two filters are integrated, and an electronic device including the same. The two-stage noise filter includes a core configured to include a primary side and a secondary side opposite to the primary side; a first filter configured to include a first coil wound on the primary side of the core and a second coil wound on the secondary side of the core; a second filter configured to include a third coil wound on the primary side of the core in series with the first coil and a fourth coil wound on the secondary side of the core in series with the second coil; and an impedance balancer configured to keep a balance of impedance between the first and second filters.
Method and apparatus for dual notch ripple filtering
An apparatus includes a self-coupled transformer, a first band stop filter and a tank circuit connected in series with the first band stop filter between first and second windings of the self-coupled transformer. An inductor of the tank circuit acts as an out-of-phase third winding of the self-coupled transformer.
Method and apparatus for processing audio signals to adjust psychoacoustic loudness
A method and apparatus for processing audio signals in an entertainment system from at least one audio source modify audio signals during playback by the entertainment system for adjustment to a psychoacoustic loudness set value, wherein this modification is performed in each case on the basis of an average psychoacoustic loudness maximum determined over a predefined time interval for the audio source concerned.
System and method for selective volume adjustment in a vehicle
Systems and methods for automatically adjusting volume in a vehicle are provided. One method includes generating a noise prediction based on images received from a vehicle camera; determining a cabin noise level based on the noise prediction and an audio signal detected by a cabin microphone; and selectively amplifying a quiet passage within the detected audio signal to above the cabin noise level while maintaining volume level of remaining passages within the detected signal. A vehicle system includes a cabin microphone for detecting an audio signal; a camera for capturing images; and a processor configured to: generate a noise prediction based on the images; determine a cabin noise level based on the noise prediction and the detected audio signal; and selectively amplify a quiet passage within the detected signal to above the cabin noise level while maintaining volume level of remaining passages within the detected signal.
Methods, systems, and media for controlling audio of an HDMI audio system
Mechanisms for controlling an audio level of an HDMI audio system are provided, the mechanisms comprising: causing audio data to be presented by an HDMI audio system at a current system volume level; receiving a requested volume level from a second screen device; and controlling a system volume level by: (a) determining the current system volume level; (b) determining a change in volume based on a difference between the requested volume level and the current system volume level; (c) determining a direction in which to cause the system volume level to change; (d) sending a volume control message to the system using a consumer electronic control bus connected to the system indicating whether to increase or decrease the system volume level based on the determined direction of system volume change; and (e) repeating (a)-(d) until the current system volume level reaches a predetermined value.
Power amplifier with bias adjustment circuit
Power amplifier with bias adjustment circuit. In some embodiments, a power amplifier can include an amplifying transistor configured to amplify a signal, and a bias circuit coupled to a bias node of the amplifying transistor and configured to provide a bias voltage at the bias node. The power amplifier can further include a bias adjustment circuit that couples an output node of the amplifying transistor and the bias circuit. The bias adjustment circuit can be configured to adjust the bias voltage in response to a potential difference between the output node and the bias node exceeding a threshold value.
Implementing enhanced CMOS inverter based optical transimpedance amplifier
A method and circuit are provided for implementing enhanced CMOS inverter based optical Transimpedance Amplifiers (TIAs). A transimpedence amplifer (TIA) includes a photo-detector, and the TIA is formed by a first TIA inverter and a second TIA inverter. The first TIA inverter has an input from a cathode side of the photo-detector and the second inverter has an input from an anode side of the photo-detector. A replica TIA is formed by two replica inverters, coupled to a respective input to a first operational amplifier and a second operational amplifier. The first operational amplifier and the second operational amplifier have a feedback configuration for respectively regulating a set voltage level at the cathode side of the photo-detector input of the first inverter and at the anode side of the photo-detector input of the second inverter.
High frequency modulation circuits based on photoconductive wide bandgap switches
Methods, systems, and devices for high voltage and/or high frequency modulation. In one aspect, an optoelectronic modulation system includes an array of two or more photoconductive switch units each including a wide bandgap photoconductive material coupled between a first electrode and a second electrode, a light source optically coupled to the WBGP material of each photoconductive switch unit via a light path, in which the light path splits into multiple light paths to optically interface with each WBGP material, such that a time delay of emitted light exists along each subsequent split light path, and in which the WBGP material conducts an electrical signal when a light signal is transmitted to the WBGP material, and an output to transmit the electrical signal conducted by each photoconductive switch unit. The time delay of the photons emitted through the light path is substantially equivalent to the time delay of the electrical signal.
Bottom clamp for mounting solar panels to roofs
A solar panel bottom clamp assembly that secures the underside of a solar panel frame (i.e. the return flange of the solar panel) to a solar panel mounting device that is securable to a roof. The solar panel bottom clamp is adjustable, allowing the solar panel to be positioned and then secured to the solar panel bottom clamp. The solar panel bottom clamp assembly includes a base, a clamping member, a threaded fastener, and optionally, a spring. The base includes a platform for seating the solar panel. The clamping member includes a clamping member body and a hooked portion positioned above the clamping member body with an indentation for engaging the return flange. The threaded fastener non-threadably engages opposing sides of the base and threadably engages the clamping member causing the clamping member to move between the opposing sides below the platform.
Solar panel mounting system with aerodynamic ballast trays
Systems and methods for mounting one or more solar panels are disclosed. A tubular component can be provided. The tubular component can include a first curved portion configured to rise to a first height above and extending along a length of the tubular component. The first curved portion can have a predetermined diameter, a predetermined thickness, and a predetermined bend radius selected to support a first solar panel module attached by a first end at a first attachment point positioned at the first height. The first curved portion can include an elongated leg configured to support a deflector element projecting outwardly at a predetermined angle to the mounting surface. The tubular component also can include a distal end having a second curved portion configured to rise to a second height above and extending along the length of the tubular component. The distal end can have a second attachment point at the second height. The second attachment point can be separated from the first attachment point by a predetermined distance and can be configured to support a second end of a second solar panel module at a predetermined tilt.
Method and system for use in dynamometer testing of a motor vehicle
The present invention relates to a method for use in dynamometer testing of a vehicle (100), the vehicle (100) including at least a first wheel shaft and at least one first vehicle power source for providing power to said first wheel shaft, said first wheel shaft being connected to a vehicle dynamometer system, said vehicle dynamometer system comprising a first controllable dynamometer power source (201) for providing power to said first wheel shaft, said first dynamometer power source being an electrical machine (201) comprising a stator and a rotor, said stator comprising a stator winding. The method includes: determining whether a first temperature (T1) is below a first temperature limit (Tlim1), and heating said electrical machine (201) by applying a current (Iheat) to said stator winding when said first temperature (T1) is below said first temperature limit (Tlim1).
Method and device for temperature-dependent control of an electric motor
An apparatus for temperature-dependent control of an electric motor includes a control device for adjusting the power output of the electric motor, and means for detecting the temperature of a component of the electric motor, wherein the control device reduces the power of the electric motor in the case of a component temperature above a temperature threshold, and wherein the temperature detection means distinguish between self-heating and external heating, wherein the control device counteracts only the self-heating by reducing the power.
Methods and systems for efficient engine torque control
Method and systems are provided for adjusting an engine torque in response to changes in a desired engine torque. In one example, a method may comprise responsive to increasing desired engine torques, monotonically decreasing an alternator torque to a first level from a second level when not injecting fuel to engine cylinders, and stepping up the alternator torque from the first level to the second level while initiating engine combustion, and then monotonically decreasing the alternator torque from the second level to the first level in response to the alternator torque reaching the first level. In this way, a method may comprise adjusting a load exerted on an engine by an alternator mechanically coupled to said engine during both cylinder combustion, and during non-fueling conditions.
Resonant transducer and manufacturing method of resonant transducer
A resonant transducer includes a resonator, a resonator electrodes connected to an end part of the resonator, at least one fixed electrode arranged in the vicinity of the resonator, and a buried part formed between the fixed electrode and the resonator electrode. The resonator, the resonator electrodes and the fixed electrode are formed by the same active layer on a substrate.
Linear vibration-wave motor
A linear vibration-wave motor being configured to apply a driving force to a lens barrel of an optical device includes a vibrator being operable to excite a vibration, a member to be contacted contacting the vibrator, the vibrator being arranged to move in a direction of the driving force with respect to the member to be contacted upon exciting the vibration, a vibrator support being fixed to the lens barrel and configured to support the vibrator, a pressurization member being operable to press the vibrator against the member to be contacted, a unit cover member including an opening extending in the direction of the driving force, and a unit base member having fixed thereto the member to be contacted and the unit cover member. The pressurization member is detachable from the vibrator support via the opening.
Driving circuit for a vibration type actuator, vibration device, image blur correction apparatus, replacement lens, image pickup apparatus, and automatic stage
A driving circuit for a vibration type actuator includes an inductor and a capacitor which are connected in series to an electric-mechanical energy conversion element, in which, in a case where a series resonance frequency based on the inductor and the capacitor is set as fs, and a resonance frequency in a vibration mode other than vibration used for driving of the vibrator is set as fu, 0.73·fu
Three wire DC transmission circuit with modulated pole
The method of converting high voltage AC lines into bipolar high voltage DC systems makes use of the three transmission lines (referred to as the positive pole, the negative pole, and the modulating pole) in an existing high voltage AC system as transmission lines in a bipolar high voltage DC system. When current from the power source is up to the thermal current limit of the transmission lines, the transmission lines operate in two-wire mode, where current is delivered in the positive pole and returned in the negative pole, the modulating pole being open. When power source current exceeds the thermal current limit, operation is in three-wire mode, alternating for predetermined periods between parallel configuration of the positive pole and the modulating pole to divide current for delivery to the load, and parallel configuration of the negative pole and the modulating pole, dividing the return current.
Three-phase inverter module
In an upper phase module 2, a second electrode terminal 24V is located at a center C1 of the upper phase module 2, and a first electrode terminal 24U and a third electrode terminal 24W, and a first P terminal 25P and a second P terminal 26P are located so as to be symmetric with respect to the second electrode terminal 24V in an X-direction. The first electrode terminal 24U, the second electrode terminal 24V, the third electrode terminal 24W, the first P terminal 25P and the second P terminal 26P of the upper phase module 2 are located at the same positions as those of a fourth electrode terminal 34U, a fifth electrode terminal 34V, a sixth electrode terminal 34W, a first N terminal 35N and a second N terminal 36N of a lower phase module 3, respectively, in the X-direction.
Switched mode power supplies with adaptive reference voltage for controlling output transistor
Switched mode power supply (SMPS) with adaptive reference voltage for controlling an output transistor and method of operating the SMPS are described. The adaptive reference voltage is implemented using a timer that starts when the voltage on a conduction terminal of the output transistor reaches a reference voltage and stops when the current through the output transistor reaches zero. The voltage difference between a target voltage and a voltage accumulated when the timer was active is then sampled to produce a sampled voltage, which defines a new reference voltage if the accumulated voltage is not equal to the target voltage so that the reference voltage is adaptively adjusted in accordance with an operational characteristic of the output transistor.
Switched-mode converter and method for converting electrical energy
There are large amounts of switched-mode power supplies used for supplying energy for electrical devices. This brings the need to improve the efficiency of the power conversion. The present switched mode converter of electrical power has a secondary winding in a secondary circuit, which at a first phase both accumulates and releases energy to load, or only accumulates energy. At a second phase the secondary winding is connected to input voltage and/or releases the accumulated energy in the secondary circuit in order to increase power release of the primary winding to the load. The solution increases both the output energy and efficiency of the converter.
Systems and methods of operation for power converters having series-parallel mode active clamps
Systems and methods for operating improved flyback converters are disclosed, in which leakage energy is returned to the input power source rather than to the output load, while still achieving zero voltage switching (i.e., ZVS) operation. In some embodiments, the improved converters may transfer the energy stored in the leakage inductance to a snubber capacitor(s) at the instant of turning off of the control switch. Further, the improved converter embodiments may also retain the stored energy in the snubber capacitor(s) when the power is being delivered to the load by the secondary circuits. The improved converter embodiments may start the transfer of leakage energy stored in the snubber capacitor(s) to the primary winding once the energy stored in the transformer is delivered to the load. Finally, the improved converter embodiments may intelligently control their active clamp switches such that all leakage inductance energy is returned to the input source.
Electrical circuit for delivering power to consumer electronic devices
An electrical circuit for providing electrical power for use in powering electronic devices, such as monitors, televisions, white goods, data centers, and telecom circuit boards, is described herein. The electrical circuit includes a voltage reduction circuit cell that includes a first capacitor, a second capacitor, a switching circuit, and a hold capacitor. The switching circuit includes a plurality of switching devices that are coupled to the first and the second capacitors for delivering power from an input terminal to an output terminal. The plurality of switching devices includes at least two switching devices that are coupled to ground. The voltage reduction circuit cell also includes a controller for operating the switching circuit in a plurality of operational modes to deliver an output power signal at a desired voltage level.
Non-isolated DC-DC conversion circuit configured for capacitive and magnetic power transfer
A power transfer system includes DC-DC power conversion circuitry that has a first switch and a second switch on either side of a transformer connected via a common ground with a first capacitor and a second capacitor cross-connected across the transformer. A direction of power transfer is determined, and primary and secondary sides of the DC-DC power conversion circuitry are aligned based on the direction of power transfer. An amount of on-time for the first switch or the second switch is determined based on a quantity of power transfer through the DC-DC power conversion circuitry. The primary and secondary switches are controlled using switching.
AC-DC power converters with improved voltage output level transitions
This disclosure relates to power converters that are capable of providing smooth transitions between multiple output voltage levels. The converter's output may need to be changed from, e.g., 5V to 12V, 15V, or 20V—based on the charging device's request. By using improved power converter designs comprising both a flyback converter circuit and variable-frequency buck converter circuit that may each be selectively coupled to an output load, a more smooth, e.g., monotonous, transition between output voltage levels may be achieved. In particular, by varying the switching frequency of the buck converter in a controlled way, the output voltage of the power converter may rise monotonically during the transition between output voltage levels. According to some embodiments, once the output of the buck converter has reached its maximum value, the buck converter may be disabled, and the flyback converter may be enabled to begin supplying the output voltage to the load.
Switching mode power supply with selectable constant-voltage constant-current control
A switch mode power supply (SMPS) has a primary-side controller configured to control a power switch for turning on and turning off a current flow in the primary winding. A secondary-side controller is coupled to the secondary winding for providing constant voltage (CV) and constant current (CC) control of the SMPS. The secondary-side controller is configured to receive an output selection signal and, based on the output selection signal, select a voltage reference signal from a plurality of voltage reference signals and select a current reference signal from a plurality of current reference signals. The secondary-side controller is configured to monitor an output voltage and an output current of the SMPS, and is configured to provide a turn-on signal to the primary-side controller for turning on the power switch upon determining that the output voltage is below the selected voltage reference signal and the output current is below the selected current reference signal.
Windowless H-bridge buck-boost switching converter
A “windowless” H-bridge buck-boost switching converter includes a regulation circuit with an error amplifier which produces a ‘comp’ signal, a comparison circuit which compares ‘comp’ with a ‘ramp’ signal, and logic circuitry which receives the comparison circuit output and a mode control signal indicating whether the converter is to operate in buck mode or boost mode and operates the primary or secondary switching elements to produce the desired output voltage in buck or boost mode, respectively. A ‘ramp’ signal generation circuit operates to shift the ‘ramp’ signal up by a voltage Vslp(p−p)+Vhys when transitioning from buck to boost mode, and to shift ‘ramp’ back down by Vslp(p−p)+Vhys when transitioning from boost to buck mode, thereby enabling the converter to operate in buck mode or boost mode only, with no need for an intermediate buck-boost region.
Control apparatus and control method for DC/DC converter capable of bidirectional power transfer
An object of this invention is to obtain a control apparatus and a control method for a DC/DC converter, with which a DC/DC converter can be controlled with superior stability and responsiveness while reducing the size of a storage medium. A calculation value is calculated in accordance with a specific control method using a differential voltage between a target output voltage and an output voltage, whereupon a control calculation value is calculated from the calculation value and an input voltage.
To provide a DC/DC converter which does not need to switch a change direction of a control value depending on a power transmission direction between low voltage side and high voltage side, and can control a voltage of a charge and discharge capacitor. A DC/DC converter which controls voltage of a charge and discharge capacitor by a controller that performs a Δduty control which changes an ON duty ratio difference of semiconductor circuits, and a phase shift control which changes a phase difference of an ON period of semiconductor circuits.
Low drop-out voltage regulator and method of starting same
A low drop-out voltage regulator (LDO) includes an LDO unit, a switch circuit, a charge pump, and an initiation circuit. The switch circuit is coupled to a voltage input terminal and outputs a selected input voltage. The LDO unit receives the selected input voltage from the switch circuit and generates a regulated output voltage. The charge pump is coupled to the LDO unit to receive the regulated output voltage, and generate a control signal that is provided to the switch circuit. The initiation circuit receives the input voltage and generates an initiation voltage that greater than the regulated output voltage. The initiation voltage is provided to the charge pump circuit, along with the regulated output voltage. The initiation voltage drives the charge pump circuit when the regulated output voltage is not large enough to drive the charge pump circuit.
A brush plate has an insulating substrate, at least one pair of brushes mounted on the insulating substrate, and a conductor for supplying power to the brushes. The conductor includes at least one overheat protection portion having a smaller cross sectional area than adjacent portions of the conductor. By integrally forming the overheat protection portions on the conductors, no extra overheat protection device is required. Preferably, the overheat protection portion has a bent structure. The bent structure may be U-shape, Z-shape, M-shape or wave-shape. The bent structure can increase the anti-shock capability of the conductor and shorten the response time of the overheat protection portion.
Motor having a noise filter
A motor may include a housing, a motor assembly accommodated in the housing, and a mold cover having an outer circumferential surface. The outer circumferential surface may be coupled to the housing, which has electrical conductivity. A noise filter is provided in the mold cover. A ground terminal of the noise filter is electrically connected to the outer circumferential surface of the mold cover.
Systems, methods, and apparatus for a homopolar generator charger with integral rechargeable battery
Systems, methods, and apparatus for providing a homopolar generator charger with an integral rechargeable battery. A method is provided for converting rotational kinetic energy to electrical energy for charging one or more battery cells. The method can include rotating, by a shaft, a rotor in a magnetic flux field to generate current, wherein the rotor comprises an electrically conductive portion having an inner diameter conductive connection surface and an outer diameter conductive connection surface, and wherein a voltage potential is induced between the inner and outer diameter connection surfaces upon rotation in the magnetic flux field. The method can also include selectively coupling the generated current from the rotating rotor to terminals of the one or more battery cells.
Magnetic alignment system and alignment method therefor
A magnetic alignment system is disclosed, including a magnet array (10), a motor rotor (20), a fixed tooling (30) and a force sensor (40). The motor rotor (20) is disposed over the magnet array (10) and is connected via the force sensor (40) to the fixed tooling (30) that is positionally fixed relative to the magnet array (10). By varying an angle of a three-phase current supplied to a specific one of three-phase coil assemblies in the motor rotor (20) within an angular range for magnetic alignment and measuring a force generated by the specific one of three-phase coil assemblies using the force sensor (40), an angle of magnetic alignment for the specific one of three-phase coil assemblies is determinable based on the angle of three-phase current that causes the specific one of three-phase coil assemblies to generate a maximum force.
Rotating electric machine
A rotating electric machine includes: a rotation shaft; a bearing retaining the rotation shaft; an electromagnetic brake that is provided on an outer peripheral side of the rotation shaft and is located between the bearing and a rotor, the electromagnetic brake locking the rotation shaft during non-excitation and releasing the locking during excitation; a magnetic-flux shielding unit provided on an outer peripheral side of the electromagnetic brake; and a slidable contact unit that is provided so as to be in contact with the magnetic-flux shielding unit and the rotation shaft and comes into contact with the magnetic-flux shielding unit and the rotation shaft at least at two locations on the bearing side and the rotor side, wherein a magnetic field generated from the electromagnetic brake forms a closed circuit through the rotation shaft, the magnetic-flux shielding unit, and the slidable contact unit.
Electric machine having a coupling flange
The present invention concerns an electric machine (1), in particular an alternator, intended to be coupled to a driving or driven machine, in particular a heat engine, comprising: —a coupling flange (20) for coupling to the driving or driven machine, housing a fan (30) driven by the rotor, said flange comprising: —a rear portion (21) linked to a fixed portion (10) of the electric machine, —an interfacing front portion (22) interfacing with the driving or driven machine, said interfacing front portion being mounted on the rear portion (21), the front portion (22) having a central opening, the fan having a diameter greater than that of the central opening, —at least one air deflector secured to the flange (20).
Motor housing with cooling channel and resin injected winding ends for improved heat transfer
A motor includes a housing, a stator holder, a stator, and a flow path for a cooling fluid. The cooling flow path is provided between the housing and the stator holder. A coil of the stator is covered by a resin portion. The stator holder may include a holder cylindrical portion and a holder flat plate portion.
Rotor, and permanent-magnet-type rotational electric machine, electric drive system, and electric vehicle which are provided with said rotor
A permanent magnet type rotational electric machine for an electric vehicle capable of ensuring an electric power generation torque or a peak torque instantaneously assisting a torque of an engine even by using a rare earth-less magnet and also capable of ensuring characteristics for high speed driving is provided. A rotator includes permanent magnets of which at least one side in an axial direction cross section is formed in an arc shape, and includes a plurality of permanent magnets, wherein where a center axis of a magnetic pole is denoted as d axis, and an axis that is 90 degrees from the d axis in an electrical angle is denoted as q axis, the rotator for the permanent magnet type rotational electric machine includes a first permanent magnet pair in which a line connecting a center point of the arc and the arc does not cross the d axis, and a second permanent magnet pair in which the line crosses the d axis.
Rotor for rotary electric machine
A rotor for a rotary electric machine includes a plurality of magnetic poles in a rotor core, a side barrier as a magnetic air gap, an air gap section as a magnetic air gap. Each of the plurality of magnetic poles includes a magnet insertion hole, a permanent magnet. The side barrier is provided at a portion adjacent to a circumferential end face of the permanent magnet and includes a projection barrier portion projecting radially outwardly from an extension line extending from an outer peripheral surface of the permanent magnet. The air gap section is provided at an area which is spaced apart from the projection barrier portion and the magnet insertion hole and faces a peripheral edge of a circumferentially central side of the magnetic pole with respect to the projection barrier portion and a circumferential end of the outer peripheral surface of the permanent magnet.
Downhole electric motors having angularly displaced rotor sections
Systems and methods for constructing electric motors in which rotor sections are individually keyed to a rotor shaft such that, in a resting position, the rotor sections are circumferentially shifted (“clocked”) with respect to each to mitigate effects of harmonic feedback, torsional flexibility and the like. In one embodiment, a system includes an electric drive, and an ESP coupled to it by a power cable. The ESP motor has a rotor in which multiple permanent-magnet rotor sections are mounted to a shaft. Within each rotor section, permanent magnets are positioned in two or more axially aligned rows. Adjacent rotor sections are clocked with respect to each other so that, in operation, the rows of permanent magnets in the different rotor sections are positioned to counter the harmonic feedback or to use torsional deflection to equalize torque contributions from the different rotor sections.
Multi-degree of freedom spherical actuator
A multi-degree of freedom spherical actuator includes a spherical stator, a first coil, a second coil, an armature, and a plurality of magnets. The spherical stator has a first axis of symmetry, a second axis of symmetry, and a third axis of symmetry. The first, second, and third axes of symmetry are disposed perpendicular to each other. The first coil is wound on the spherical stator about the first axis of symmetry, and the second coil is wound on the spherical stator about the second axis of symmetry. The armature is spaced apart from, and surrounds at least a portion of, the spherical stator. The armature has an inner surface and is movable relative to the spherical stator. The magnets are coupled to, and extend from, the inner surface of the armature, and each of the magnets is spaced apart from the spherical stator.
Mover and stator assembly of electric machine having convex and concave portions for a respective stator and rotor
A mover and stator assembly of an electric machine includes at least one stator and at least one rotor. Each stator includes multiple magnetic components each including a first surface and a salient portion protruding from the first surface. The rotor includes multiple second magnetic components each including a second surface and a groove located on the second surface. The first surfaces face the second surfaces, and the width of each salient portion is less than that of each groove.
System for contactless energy and data transfer
A system for contactless energy and data transfer has mobile and base parts. The mobile part contains a mobile part transmitter/receiver device transmitting and receiving a data signal, a mobile part transceiver and a current supply having a mobile part resonant circuit receiving an energy signal. The base part contains a base part resonant circuit for emitting the energy signal from an energy signal generator to provide a supply voltage to the current supply, a base part transmitter/receiver device receiving and transmitting the data signal, a base part transceiver, and a pulse width modulator. An impulse width modulator provides the pulse width-modulated signal which cyclically operates the energy signal generator to emit the energy signal in pulse bundles. A parameter specification provides a control signal setting at least one parameter of the pulse width-modulated signal to a value where sufficient energy transfer occurs to provide the supply voltage.
Wireless power transmitter, control circuit and control method thereof, and charger
A wireless power transmitter for transmitting a power signal to a wireless power receiver is disclosed. The transmitter includes a transmission antenna, an inverter circuit including a plurality of switches; and a control circuit configured to demodulate a control signal received by the transmission antenna from the transmitter and control the inverter circuit based on power control data included in the control signal. The control circuit is configured to select among a first, second and third mode. For example, in the first mode in which a first pair including first and second switches and a second pair including third and fourth switches are both complementarily switched at a duty ratio of 50%, and a phase difference of the first pair and the second pair is changed between a minimum value and a maximum value depending on a transmission power, and the inverter circuit performs a full-bridge operation.
Dual-mode wireless power transfer apparatus
A dual-mode receiver is provided that includes an electromagnetic resonator having one or more inductive elements that are arranged to form a receiver coil and a network of passive components arranged to form a matching network. The electromagnetic resonator includes a first selective frequency defined in a low frequency range and a second selective frequency defined in a high frequency range allowing for a rectification circuit to operate in both the high frequency range and low frequency range making maximum use of active circuits.
Portable power storage device
An electronic device includes a housing having at least one solar panel arranged to generate electrical energy for delivery to a battery within the housing, wherein the at least one solar panel is foldable about the housing.
Method and device for foreign object detection in induction electric charger
An example embodiment of the invention is a method and device for detecting foreign objects (FO) near the primary coil of an induction charger used in charging electric vehicle batteries. Individual sensors of a sensor array are configured to output a sensing signal in response to magnetically coupling the high frequency alternating magnetic field produced by the primary coil. A disable signal line is configured to disable the power source when a controller determines from scanned sensor signals, that a FO is present. An alarm can be activated by the microprocessor to alert the user to the presence of a FO on or near the primary coil. In this manner, damage can be avoided that could otherwise be caused from the presence of a FO near the primary coil. Moreover, a more efficient charging operation can be achieved by avoiding dissipating energy by heating a FO.
System and method for providing health safety in a wireless power transmission system
The embodiments described herein include a transmitter that transmits a power transmission signal (e.g., radio frequency (RF) signal waves) to create a three-dimensional pocket of energy. At least one receiver can be connected to or integrated into electronic devices and receive power from the pocket of energy. The transmitter can locate the at least one receiver in a three-dimensional space using a communication medium (e.g., Bluetooth technology). The transmitter generates a waveform to create a pocket of energy around each of the at least one receiver. The transmitter uses an algorithm to direct, focus, and control the waveform in three dimensions. The receiver can convert the transmission signals (e.g., RF signals) into electricity for powering an electronic device. Accordingly, the embodiments for wireless power transmission can allow powering and charging a plurality of electrical devices without wires.
Foreign object detection
It is inter alia disclosed to determining whether an object detected (160) based on at least one capacitance representative of at least one capacitance representative sensed by at least one capacitance sensing element (111, 112, 113) of an apparatus (100) corresponds to a predefined type of objects, the apparatus (100) further comprising a wireless charging unit (140), wherein the at least one capacitance sensing element (111, 112, 113) is at least partially placed in proximity to the wireless charging unit (140).
Direct current power supply circuit
A direct current power supply circuit includes an alternating-current power supply; a rectification circuit for generating a direct-current voltage from an alternating-current voltage; a charging switch having an input terminal connected to the rectification circuit, the charging switch outputting an output voltage according to an input value input to a control terminal; a capacitor and a control circuit, which are connected to an output terminal; and a charging switch control circuit for generating a switch-on signal when the output voltage is equal to or lower than a first reference voltage value, and for generating a switch-off signal when the output voltage is equal to or higher than a second reference voltage value higher than the first reference voltage value, wherein a charging period setting circuit including at least one of the rectification circuit and the charging switch control circuit sets a charging period in which a charging current flows into the capacitor and a non-charging period in which the charging current does not flow, and in a case where the switch-on signal is generated during the charging period, the charging current flows through the charging switch when the direct-current voltage becomes equal to or higher than the output voltage, and in a case where the switch-on signal is generated during the non-charging period, the charging current does not flow through the charging switch even if the direct-current voltage becomes equal to or higher than the output voltage.
Systems and methods for battery charging
This disclosure relates to systems and methods for charging a battery. An example embodiment includes receiving information about an initial state of charge of a battery. If an initial state of charge is less than a predetermined threshold and if a charger is electrically coupled to the battery, a charger may be configured to charge the battery according to a preferred charge rate higher than a default charge rate. A charging duration is determined based on a type of the battery, the initial state of charge, a target state of charge, and the charge rate. A controller may determine a partial charge condition based on at least one of: providing electrical current to the battery at the charge rate for the charging duration or receiving information indicative of a state of charge of the battery reaching the target state of charge.
Charger with hub
A charger includes a charging unit and a hub unit. The charging unit includes an enclosure, a charging circuit and two wires. The enclosure defines a matching groove. Opposite sidewalls of the matching groove separately define a limiting groove. The hub unit includes a foundation, a circuit unit, a locking protrusion, a pair of bolts and a pair of hook assemblies. The foundation defines a holder. The locking protrusion, the bolts and the latching members are all received in the holder. One end of each of the two wires is electrically coupled to the charging circuit, and the other end of each of the two wires extends through the matching groove and the receiving groove in that order and electrically couples to the circuit unit.
Power supply apparatus, power supply system, and method for controlling power supply system
A power supply system (101) includes a first power supply apparatus (111a) and a second power supply apparatus (111b) connected to a load in parallel, for supplying power to the load (115). The first supply apparatus (111a) includes a first controller that controls the output voltage of the first supply apparatus (111a) when a power supply from the first supply apparatus (111a) to the load 115 is equal to or greater than a power requirement by the load (115), and controls the output current of the first supply apparatus (111a) when the supplied power is less than the required power. The second power supply apparatus 111b includes a second controller that stops the second supply apparatus from supplying power (111b) when the power supply is equal to or greater than the power requirement, and controls the output voltage of the power supply apparatus (111b) when the power supply is less than the power requirement.
Modular multi-level converter and method of controlling voltage balancing of modular multi-level converter
A method of controlling voltage balancing of a modular multi-level converter is provided. The method includes receiving state information on each of n sub modules in an arm module, grouping the n sub modules into m sub module groups, receiving first state information on each of sub modules in a first one of the m sub module groups, among the state information on each of the n sum modules, receiving second state information on each of sub modules not included in the first sub module group, among state information on each of the n sum modules previously stored in a memory, controlling switching of a sub module by using the first state information and the second state information, and updating the memory with the first state information.
Digital power network method and apparatus
A digital power network comprises at least one digital electric power routing device that includes (a) at least one DC power bus; (b) at least two power control elements, each with at least two sets of power terminals, at least one of which accommodates electrical power in packet energy transfer format, and wherein each power control element has electrical connections that allow one set of power terminals to be connected to the DC power bus; and (c) at least one network controller operable to execute control functions within the power control elements to route electrical power from at least one power control element to at least one other power control element within the digital power network. The digital power network further includes at least one power source and at least one load.
Electrostatic discharge protection circuitry
Various implementations described herein are directed to an integrated circuit for electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection. The integrated circuit may include a detection stage having a resistor and a first capacitor cascaded with a second capacitor. The resistor and the first capacitor are arranged to define a triggering node configured to provide a triggering signal. The first capacitor and the second capacitor are arranged to define a reference node configured to provide a reference signal. The integrated circuit may include a first ESD clamping stage having a first transistor configured to provide a supply voltage to a first clamping transistor based on the triggering signal. The integrated circuit may include a second ESD clamping stage having a second transistor configured to receive the supply voltage from the first transistor and provide the supply voltage to a second clamping transistor based on the reference signal.
ESD protection circuits
An ESD protection circuit, which is coupled between either an I/O pad or a power pad and a ground terminal, includes a non-snapback device and a snapback device. When the voltage across the non-snapback device is not less than the non-snapback trigger voltage, the non-snapback device is turned on. When the voltage across the snapback device is not less than the snapback trigger voltage, the snapback device is turned on, and the voltage across the snapback device is held at the snapback holding voltage, in which the snapback holding voltage is less than the snapback trigger voltage. The non-snapback device and the snapback device are cascaded.
A fuse element and a method for manufacturing the same are provided whereby the fuse element contains an active response part which is formed by an elongated fuse metal strip having at least four metal sub-strips. At least two of the metal sub-strips are parallel and the sub-strips are defined by two elongated recesses within one or two elongated fuse metal strips. The two recesses are provided in serial alignment along the respective fuse metal strip having leading and trailing parts for electrical connection of each fuse element. The elongated fuse metal strip can be reinforced by an elongated dielectric base layer made of polymer material. Accordingly, performance of such a fuse element can be increased and manufacturing costs can be decreased. The fuse element can be applied to a plurality of capacitor sub-units being integrated in housings and submerged in a cooling and insulating liquid within the housing.
Protective circuit assemblage for a multi-voltage electrical system
A protective circuit assemblage for a multi-voltage electrical system includes: a DC voltage converter provided in the region of the transition between a high-voltage loop and a low-voltage loop; and at least one switch respectively provided in each of the high-voltage loop and the low-voltage loop.
Electronic circuit for protecting a load against over-voltage
An electronic circuit for protecting a load against over-voltage is disclosed. The electronic circuit comprises an input port for receiving a voltage and an output port for feeding the voltage to the load. The electronic circuit further comprises a switching unit arranged to switch on and off the voltage from the input port. Moreover, the electronic circuit comprises a capacitive component arranged to receive the voltage when the switching unit is switched on and is otherwise arranged to feed voltage to the output port. Furthermore, the electronic circuit comprises a comparing unit configured to control the switching unit to be switched off when a value at the output port exceeds a first threshold; and to control the switching unit to be switched on when the value is below a second threshold.
Ball grip compression fitting
A connector is used for terminating an electrical cable, such as a metal clad cable, cord grip, and tray cable, and provides a compression fitting to secure and ground the cable. The connector includes a connector body, a compression nut, and a compression grommet retained therebetween. A gripping member and/or a grounding member is embedded within the grommet for creating a mechanical grip with the cable and providing a grounding pathway, respectively. Tightening the compression nut to the connector body correspondingly compresses the grommet to create a watertight seal with the cable so that no fluid, dirt or debris can pass through the connector. Such tightening also urges the gripping member to form a mechanical grip with the cable for securing the cable and maintaining the watertight seal. Moreover, the grounding member may include an electrically conductive grounding ball that forms the grounding path between the connector and the armor portion of the cable upon tightening the compression nut to the connector body.
Outlet cover assembly
A method and apparatus for assembling and installing an outlet cover for an electrical outlet box. The apparatus includes a base having a rectangular mounting aperture for aperture adapter assemblies. To create the desired cover plate, the appropriate aperture adapters has to be selected and assembled to accommodate the desired standard electrical outlet such as a light switch or socket. A cover is hinged to the base by fitting hinge members on both parts together and thus enables the cover to swing forwardly and backwardly against the base. A planar lever and serrated bar is present on one side wall of the base, which is orthogonal with respect to the hinge axis. By retaining the planar lever at different serration on the serrated bar, the planar lever can hold cover at different height and thus adjusts cover plate assembly openings to accommodate various cord sizes.
Method for manufacturing tubular metal shell including ground electrode bar for spark plug, and method for manufacturing spark plug
A pair of electrode lugs clamp a bar at side surfaces of the bar so as to be electrically connected to the bar. The electrode lugs respectively include a first contact portion and a second contact portion having different front-back lengths. The bar is clamped such that the first contact portion having a short front-back length L1 opposes a back end portion of the bar within a range of the second contact portion having a front-back length L2. The back end surface of the bar is brought into contact with and welded to a front end surface of a metal shell by resistance butt welding. Since the first contact portion of one lug is short and is close to the abutting surfaces, heat dissipation can be reduced and heat concentration can be increased.
Spark plug having improved ground electrode orientation and method of forming
A method of manufacturing a spark plug (20) for being threaded into a cylinder head (28) of an internal combustion engine is provided. The spark plug (20) includes a shell (24) with threads (26) disposed at a predetermined rotational position (a) relative to a shell outer surface (64) and ground electrode (34). The position of the threads (26) relative to the ground electrode (34) places the ground electrode (34) in a desired position in the combustion chamber (22) and relative to components of the engine, thus allowing the ground electrode (34) to provide a robust and reliable ignition. When multiple spark plugs (20) are formed, the threads (26) in each of the shells (24) are repeatedly and accurately formed at the predetermined rotational position (α) by locating the ground electrode (34), threads (26), and dies (76) of a thread forming apparatus (102) in specific locations.
Wafer scale monolithic integration of lasers, modulators, and other optical components using ALD optical coatings
After forming a monolithically integrated device including a laser and a modulator on a semiconductor substrate, an anti-reflection coating layer is formed over the monolithically integrated device and the semiconductor substrate by an atomic layer deposition (ALD) process. The anti-reflection coating layer is lithographically patterned so that an anti-reflection coating is only present on exposed surfaces of the modulator. After forming an etch stop layer portion to protect the anti-reflection coating, a high reflection coating layer is formed over the etch stop layer, the laser and the semiconductor structure by ALD and lithographically patterned to provide a high reflection coating that is formed solely on a non-output facet of the laser.
Continuable waterproof cable, continuable waterproof power module, and waterproof terminal assembly
A continuable waterproof cable includes a cable body, first, second and third transmitting members, and first and second waterproof elastic members. The cable body has a connecting end and a continuing end opposite to the connecting end. The first transmitting member and the first waterproof elastic member are disposed at the connecting end. The second transmitting member is disposed at the continuing end, coupled to the first transmitting member, and adapted to a first end of the first transmitting member. The second waterproof elastic member is disposed at the continuing end. The third transmitting member is in the cable body and has a fixed end and a free end. The fixed end is at the continuing end, the free end is detachably coupled to the first transmitting member and capable to be apart from the transmitting member by a force.
Electrical wiring device with shutters
An electrical device includes a shutter support structure having a return position, at least one blocking position and an open position. A first shutter element is configured to rotate about a first dimensional axis within a predetermined angular range while being translated in two-dimensions between the return position to the open position, each of the two dimensions being orthogonal to the first dimensional axis. A second shutter assembly includes a second shutter element coupled to the first shutter element, the first shutter element allowing the second shutter portion to move in a first direction parallel to the first dimensional axis when the first shutter element is in the open position, the first shutter element being configured to drive the second shutter element in a second direction parallel to the first dimensional axis when the first shutter element is being translated into the return position.
Electrical arc protection using a trip contact
A plug comprises power contacts and a plug trip contact. During a plugging action between the plug and a receptacle, the plug trip contact makes a trip connection with mating contacts in the receptacle. Electrical power to the receptacle allows a current through the trip connection, which causes disconnection of the power to the receptacle. A receptacle comprises receptacle power contacts and receptacle trip contacts. During a plugging action between the receptacle and a plug, trip contacts in the receptacle makes a trip connection with a mating contact in the plug. Electrical power to the receptacle allows a current through the trip connection, which can cause disconnection of the power to the receptacle. The receptacle can be included in an enclosure having a trip breaker with a trip mechanism. An electrical system can have an electrical device with a line cord connected to a plug having the trip contact.
Low-profile spring-loaded contacts
Contact structures that are readily manufactured, where contacts in the contact structures provide a sufficient normal force while consuming a minimal amount of surface area, depth, and volume in an electronic device.
Electrical connecting member and electrical connector having the same
An electrical connecting member includes a plurality of contact pieces for contacting with both a first conductive member and a second conductive member; and a holding member for holding the contact pieces. Each of the contact pieces includes a first contact portion for contacting with the first conductive member, a second contact portion for contacting with the second conductive member, and a held portion disposed between the first contact portion and the second contact portion and held with the holding member. The holding member includes a pair of base portions extending in parallel and a plurality of connecting portions for connecting the base portions. Each of the connecting portions includes a holding portion for holding each of the held portions of the contact pieces respectively so that the contact pieces are aligned in parallel with each other and are inclined relative to the base portions.
An electrical connector includes an insulative housing and two contact modules. The insulative housing has a bottom mounting portion having a cavity opening downwardly and a mating portion, the mating portion has a central mating space and a pair of side walls on both sides of the mating space, and a plurality of contact receiving passageways defined on each side wall. Each contact module has an insulator received in the cavity and a plurality of contacts insert-molded in the insulator, each contact defines a contacting arm and a soldering portion. The insulative housing defines a pair of locating portions extending downwards from two sides of the mounting portion, the distance between the pair of locating portions is smaller than an internal diameter of the cavity, a pair of demising slots are formed on an interior side of each locating portion for the contact modules passing through.
Electrical connector having a shell plate with an intermediate connecting portion joined to a wiring board
The contact pressure of a contact member with respect to a connection target can be prevented well from being reduced by a simple configuration. An electrically-conductive shell covering a surface of an insulating housing opposed to a surface facing a wiring board is provided with an intermediate connecting portion extended from a position in the vicinity of a fixed base portion of the contact member toward the wiring board, and the intermediate connecting portion is joined with the wiring board. By virtue of this, deformation such as warpage of the insulating housing and the electrically-conductive shell upon insertion of the connection target is suppressed by retaining force of the intermediate connecting portion, and reduction in the contact pressure of the contact member with respect to the connection target is configured to be prevented.
High speed connector and transmission module thereof
A high speed connector includes a housing, an insulating core inserted into the housing, a plurality of first conductive terminals and a plurality of second conductive terminals fixed on the insulating core, and a shielding member. The first conductive terminals arranged in one row parallel to a width direction includes two differential signal terminals and two grounding terminals respectively arranged at two opposite outer sides of the differential signal terminals. The shielding member includes a base portion detachably assembled to the housing and a metallic coating layer coated on the base portion. The metallic coating layer contacts the two grounding terminals to establish an electrical connection between the two grounding terminals. The metallic coating layer is arranged at the two opposite outer sides of the differential signal terminals, and the metallic coating layer is configured to shield the differential signal terminals in the width direction.
Board-edge interconnection module with integrated capacitive coupling for enabling ultra-mobile computing devices
A board-edge interconnection module features integrated capacitive coupling, which enables a board design employing the module to avoid having AC capacitors and flexible cables with bulky connectors. The recovered real estate enables further miniaturization, enabling the component to be used on a wide variety of devices, including ultra-mobile computing devices.
Vertical type connecting terminal for storage battery
Disclosed is a vertical type connecting terminal for a storage battery, the vertical type connecting terminal including: a body unit 10 which includes an insertion portion 11 which is formed in a cylindrical shape having a cut-out at one side, an electric power outlet 12 which is formed opposite to the cut-out of the insertion portion 11, and a pair of elastic pieces 13 which extends in a radial direction from both ends of the cut-out of the insertion portion 11 and has therein arc-shaped portions 13′, respectively; a fastening member 20 which includes a washer member 21 which has inside thereof arc-shaped grooves 21′ into which the arc-shaped portions 13′ of the elastic piece 13 are inserted such that the washer member 21 is coupled to an upper portion of the elastic piece 13 and adjusts an interval between the elastic pieces 13 while moving vertically, a T-shaped tightening bolt 22 which is positioned below the elastic piece 13 and has a body 22a to be inserted into a through hole 21c formed in the washer member 21, and an elongated head 22b, and a tightening nut 23 which is fastened to the tightening bolt 22 from an upper side of the washer member 21 and allows the washer member 21 to move vertically, in which the tightening bolt 22 has protruding portions 22c which are formed at both ends of the head 22b and each have an inner inclined surface 22′ so that a thickness of the protruding portion 22c decreases upward, the protruding portions 22c are disposed to transverse the elastic pieces 13 in a width direction of the elastic pieces 13, and outer inclined surfaces 21a, which correspond to the inner inclined surfaces 22′ of the protruding portions 22c, are formed at both sides in a width direction of the washer member 21.
Terminal fitting with wire connection portion
It is aimed to provide a terminal fitting capable of preventing a large force from acting on joint portions of a wire connecting portion and another constituent component formed separately from the wire connecting portion. The terminal fitting includes a wire connecting portion (10) to be connected to an end part of a wire (30) and another constituent component (20) formed separately from the wire connecting portion (10) and to be arranged in front of the wire connecting portion (10). The other constituent component (20) includes a joint piece (24) to be overlapped on the wire connecting portion (10) and joined. A part of the wire connecting portion (10) behind a part to be crimped to a core (31) of the wire (30) is joined to the joint piece (24).
Electrical connectors for high density attach to stretchable boards
A system can include a first portion of a fabric fastener, a second portion of the fabric fastener, wherein the first portion and the second portion are configured to mechanically connect with each other and to resist separation from each other once connected, and wherein the first and second portions include a plurality of corresponding electrical contacts configured to form a plurality of individual electrical connections when the first portion is mechanically connected with the second portion.
Securing device for electrically connecting at least two wires
A wire clamp is provided, having a body through which an aperture extends. An opening extending along a side of the body intersects with the aperture along its length. The wire clamp also includes a securing device configured to extend into the aperture.
Multi-element omni-directional antenna
An antenna circuit board assembly comprises a substrate having a ground plane comprised of a conductive material; a first antenna element mounted to the substrate and coupled to the ground plane; a second antenna element mounted to the substrate and coupled to the ground plane; a third antenna element mounted to the substrate and coupled to the ground plane; and a plurality of features etched into the ground plane, each of the plurality of features having a respective length and a respective width. The respective length and the respective width of each of the plurality of features are selected to increase isolation between the first, second, and third antenna elements.
Compact waveguide power combiner/divider for dual-polarized antenna elements
A waveguide architecture for a dual-polarized antenna including multiple antenna elements. Aspects are directed to dual-polarized antenna architectures where each antenna element includes a polarizer having an individual waveguide with dual-polarization signal propagation and divided waveguides associated with each basis polarization. The waveguide architecture may include unit cells having corporate waveguide networks associated with each basis polarization connecting each divided waveguide of the polarizers of each antenna element in the unit cell with a respective common waveguide. The waveguide networks may have waveguide elements located within the unit-cell boundary with a small or minimized inter-element distance. Thus, unit cells may be positioned adjacent to each other in a waveguide device assembly for a dual-polarized antenna array without increased inter-element distance between antenna elements of adjacent unit cells. Antenna waveguide ports may be connected to unit cell common waveguides using elevation and azimuth waveguide networks of the corporate type.
Electromagnetic wave sensor and/or emitter
Provided is a device for performing at least one of detection and emission of electromagnetic waves, including a plurality of antennas, in which a first antenna includes a first radiating element and a first electronic element electrically connected to the first radiating element, and is sensitive to a first frequency band, and in which a second antenna includes a second radiating element and a second electronic element electrically connected to the second radiating element, and is sensitive to a second frequency band. At least a part of the second radiating element is arranged inside the first radiating element.
Impedance converter circuit and communication terminal device
An impedance converter circuit includes a transformer with a primary coil connected to a power feed port, a phase shifter circuit connected between a secondary coil of the transformer and an antenna port, and a bypass circuit connected between the power feed port and the antenna port. In a high band, an absolute value of impedance of the transformer viewed from the antenna port via the phase shifter circuit is higher than an absolute value of impedance of the bypass circuit. In a low band, the absolute value of the impedance of the transformer viewed from the antenna port via the phase shifter circuit is lower than the absolute value of the impedance of the bypass circuit.
Wireless module with plural in-plane terminals
The wireless module according to the present invention includes a wireless IC chip for processing transmission/reception signals, a substrate on which the wireless IC chip is mounted, an antenna provided on the substrate, and a plurality of terminals extending off from the substrate in an in-plane direction of the substrate.
Antenna and mobile device therefor
Disclosed are an antenna and a mobile device having the same. The antenna includes a plurality of radiators having a pillar shape; a connecting member for connecting the radiators with each other in series; and a ground member for grounding the radiators connected with each other through the connecting member.
Input/output coupling structure of dielectric waveguide
Dielectric waveguide comprising dielectric body having an exterior coated with an electrically conductive film. Region in one side surface couples to another dielectric waveguide, and slot in bottom surface exposes the dielectric body in an L-shape in two adjacent side surfaces, except for the one side surface. Front surface of printed circuit board has a ground pattern opposed to the slot, which includes opening with outer shape greater than slot, and a back surface having a ground pattern surrounding a strip line disposed to cross through the slot. A distal end of the strip line and the front surface-side ground pattern are coupled together by a via hole. The opening is surrounded by a via hole group which couples the front and the back surface-side ground patterns together. The dielectric waveguide is disposed to allow the opening and the slot to be opposed to each other.
Radio frequency (RF) conductive medium
Embodiments of the present disclosure provide a radio frequency (RF) conductive medium for reducing the undesirable insertion loss of all RE hardware components and improving the Q factor or “quality factor” of RF resonant cavities. The RF conductive medium decreases the insertion loss of the RF device by including one or more conductive pathways in a transverse electromagnetic axis that are immune to skin effect loss and, by extension, are substantially free from resistance to the conduction of RF energy.
Superposition of guided surface waves on lossy media
Disclosed are various embodiments for superposition of guided surface wave launched along the surface of a lossy medium such as, e.g., a terrestrial medium by exciting a guided surface waveguide probe. In one example, among others, a system includes an array of guided surface waveguide probes configured to launch guided surface waves along a surface of a lossy conducting medium and an array control system configured to control operation of waveguide probes in the array via one or more feed networks. The array control circuit can control operation of the guided surface waveguide probes to maintain a predefined radiation pattern produced by the guided surface waves. In another example, a method includes providing voltage excitation to first and second guided surface waveguide probes to launch guided surface waves with the voltage excitation provided to the second guided surface waveguide probe delayed by a defined phase delay.
Effective biasing active circulator with RF choke concept
A multi-port active circulator where each of a plurality of FET transistors has (i) a gate connected to an associated port of the multi-port active circulator via a capacitor of an associated one of a plurality of first RF chokes, each of the first RF chokes being connected to a gate of an associated FET transistor of said plurality of transistors, the associated port of said associated FET transistor and to a power supply bias connection; (ii) a source connected to a common point; and (iii) a drain connected to the gate of the same FET transistor by a feedback circuit and connected to the gate of a neighboring FET transistor via a capacitor of one of a plurality of second RF chokes, each of which coupling gates and drains of neighboring FET transistors via capacitors thereof and being connected to another power supply bias connection.
Real-time battery thermal management for electric vehicles
A method includes estimating, for a given battery cell of a plurality of battery cells, an internal resistance, estimating, for the given battery cell, an open-circuit voltage, determining a target output voltage for the given battery cell, determining a target discharge current for the given battery cell, determining a target internal resistance for the given battery cell based on the estimated open-circuit voltage for the given battery cell, the target output voltage for the given battery cell, and the target discharge current for the given battery cell, determining a target cell temperature for the given battery cell based on the target internal resistance for the given battery cell, and controlling a flow of coolant adjacent to the given battery cell based on the target temperature for the given battery cell.
Battery pack including an indicator circuit
The invention is directed toward a battery pack. The battery pack includes at least one electrochemical cell; a case; a plate; an indicator circuit; and a battery-to-internal volume ratio. The case includes at least one open end. The plate is placed over the at least one open end. The plate includes a terminal plate, a base plate, or any combination thereof. The indicator circuit includes an integrated circuit and an antenna. The indicator circuit is affixed to the plate. The battery-to-internal volume ratio is greater than about 0.52.
Method of charging a lithium-sulphur cell
A method for charging a lithium-sulphur cell, said method comprising: •determining the discharge capacity, Qn, of the cell during a charge-discharge cycle, n, •calculating the value of a*Q n, where a=1.05 to 1.4, and, •in a later charge-discharge cycle, n+x, where x is an integer of 1 to 5, charging the cell to a capacity Qn+x that is equal to a*Qn.
Cosolvent electrolytes for electrochemical devices
A system and method for stabilizing electrodes against dissolution and/or hydrolysis including use of cosolvents in liquid electrolyte batteries for three purposes: the extension of the calendar and cycle life time of electrodes that are partially soluble in liquid electrolytes, the purpose of limiting the rate of electrolysis of water into hydrogen and oxygen as a side reaction during battery operation, and for the purpose of cost reduction.
Nonaqueous electrolyte containing monofluorophosphoric ester salt and nonaqueous secondary battery using same
Provided are a nonaqueous electrolyte for secondary batteries containing an electrolyte having high solubility in ethylene carbonate, propylene carbonate, dimethyl carbonate, diethyl carbonate, ethyl methyl carbonate, or a like solvent and capable of forming a good-quality film on the positive and the negative electrode interface and a nonaqueous secondary battery having the nonaqueous electrolyte. Specifically, an electrolyte for secondary batteries containing a lithium salt as a solute and a nonaqueous solvent is provided, the nonaqueous solvent containing a monofluorophosphoric ester salt having general formula 1 or 2, in which symbols are as defined in the description.
Lithium ion battery, solid electrolyte and method of preparing the same
A solid electrolyte contains an internal component and an external component coated on a surface of the internal component. The internal component is represented by a formula Li1+xMxZr2−x(PO4)3, M is one or more elements selected from a group consisting of Al, La, Cr, Ga, Y, and In, and 0.05≦x≦0.4. The external component contains a plastic deformable material and has a conductivity of about 10−7 S/cm to about 10−5S/cm. A method of preparing the solid electrolyte and a lithium ion battery including the solid electrolyte are also provided.
Non-aqueous electrolyte solution and non-aqueous secondary battery
The non-aqueous electrolyte solution of the present invention is a non-aqueous electrolyte solution comprising acetonitrile and a lithium salt, wherein the anion of the lithium salt has a LUMO (lowest unoccupied molecular orbital) energy in the range of −2.00 to 4.35 eV, and a HOMO (highest occupied molecular orbital) energy in the range of −5.35 to −2.90 eV.
Nonaqueous electrolyte battery, battery pack and vehicle
According to one embodiment, there is provided a nonaqueous electrolyte battery. The negative electrode of the battery includes a negative electrode active material which can absorb and release lithium ions at a negative electrode potential of 0.4 V (V.S. Li/Li+) or more. The battery satisfying the following equations (I) and (II): 1≦Q2/Q1 (I) 0.5≦C/A≦0.999 (II)
Reinforced composite electrolyte membrane for fuel cell
Disclosed is a composite electrolyte membrane comprising a microporous polymer substrate and a sulfonated polymer electrolyte. The composite electrolyte membrane comprises: a first polymer electrolyte layer formed of a first non-fluorinated or partially-fluorinated sulfonated polymer electrolyte; a non-fluorinated or partially-fluorinated microporous polymer substrate stacked on the first polymer electrolyte layer, wherein pores of the microporous polymer substrate are impregnated with a second non-fluorinated or partially-fluorinated sulfonated polymer electrolyte, and the first polymer electrolyte and the second polymer electrolyte are entangled with each other on an interface thereof; and a third polymer electrolyte layer formed on the microporous polymer substrate impregnated with the second polymer electrolyte by a third non-fluorinated or partially-fluorinated sulfonated polymer electrolyte, wherein the second polymer electrolyte and the third polymer electrolyte are entangled with each other on an interface thereof. A method for manufacturing the composite electrolyte membrane, and a membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) and a fuel cell comprising the composite electrolyte membrane are also disclosed.
Perceiving method and system of stack state for fuel cell system
A perceiving method and system of a stack state for a fuel cell system is provided. The method includes determining whether a vehicle provided with the fuel cell system is started and calculating a time until first condensate water is discharged through a condensate water discharging valve provided in the fuel cell system after the vehicle starts. Then, an average time until the first condensate water is discharged after the vehicle starts, at the previous starting of the vehicle is calculated over a predetermined number of times. The two calculated times are compared to determine the state of the stack or cathode of the fuel cell system without requiring additional separate components.
Electrode catalyst, composition for forming gas diffusion electrode, gas diffusion elelctrode, membrane-electrode assembly, and fuel cell stack
To provide electrode catalyst which has the catalyst activity and durability at a practically durable level and contributes to lowering of the cost in comparison with the conventional Pt/C catalyst. The electrode catalyst has a support and catalyst particles supported on the support. The catalyst particle has the core part, the first shell part formed on the core part, and the second shell part formed on the first shell part. The core part contains W compound including at least W carbide, the first shell part contains simple Pd, and the second shell part contains simple Pt.
Porous electrolessly deposited coatings
A new electroless plating approach to generate a porous metallic coating is described in which a metal is electrolessly deposited on a surface. Microparticles in the metal are removed to leave pores in the metal coating. Another method of forming electroless coatings is described in which a blocking ligand is attached to the surface, followed by a second coating step. The invention includes coatings and coated apparatus formed by methods of the invention. The invention also includes catalyst structures comprising a dense substrate and a porous metal adhered to the dense substrate, which is further characterized by one or more of the specified features.
Electrochemical cells and methods for making same
The present disclosure is directed to electrochemical cells having injection molded or 3D printed components, such as cathodes, anodes, and/or electrolytes, and methods for making such electrochemical cells. The cathodes, anodes, and/or electrolytes can be formed from a binder resin and various conductive and active materials, mixtures of which are injected into a mold under heat and pressure to form the components of the electrochemical cells. The cathode can include conductive metallic powder, flakes, ribbons, fibers, wires, and/or nanotubes. Further, electrochemical arrays can be formed from multiple electrochemical cells having injection molded or 3D printed components.
Cathode binder composition, cathode slurry, cathode, and lithium ion secondary battery
Cathode binder composition having excellent binding properties and oxidation resistance. Also, cathode slurry, cathode, and lithium ion secondary battery produced using the cathode binder composition. The cathode binder composition contains a graft copolymer in which a monomer containing acrylonitrile as the main component is grafted onto polyvinyl alcohol having an average degree of polymerization of 300 to 3000 and a degree of saponification of 70 to 100% by mol. The cathode slurry contains the cathode binder composition, a cathode active material, and a conductive auxiliary. The cathode is produced using the cathode slurry. The lithium ion secondary battery contains a cathode prepared in this manner.
Cathode active material for nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery, nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery, and method of producing cathode active material for nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery
The cathode active material for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery according to an aspect of the present disclosure mainly comprises a compound represented by a composition formula: LixNay(LiαNaβMn1−α−β)O2, where x, y, α, and β satisfy 0.75≦x≦1.0, 0
Spinel-type lithium manganese transition metal oxide
Provided is a new spinel type lithium manganese transition metal oxide for use in lithium batteries, which can increase the capacity retention ratio during cycling, and can increase the power output retention ratio during cycling. Disclosed is a spinel type lithium manganese transition metal oxide having an angle of repose of 50° to 75°, and having an amount of moisture (25° C. to 300° C.) measured by the Karl Fischer method of more than 0 ppm and less than 400 ppm.
Lithium secondary battery
The present invention relates to a lithium secondary battery, wherein a peak at 167 to 171 eV and a peak at 162 to 166 eV are present in XPS analysis of sulfur (S2p) of a positive electrode surface, and P169/P164 is in the range of 0.7 to 2.0 wherein the P 169/P 164 is the ratio between the intensity of the peak at 167 to 171 eV (P169) and the intensity of the peak at 162 to 166 eV (P164). The present invention can provide a lithium secondary battery having excellent cycle characteristics.
A rechargeable battery is provided, which includes a protection layer with an inversion plate, thereby improving safety by preventing the inversion plate from malfunctioning. In one example embodiment, the rechargeable battery includes an electrode assembly including a first electrode plate, a second electrode plate, and a separator disposed between the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate, a case accommodating the electrode assembly, and a cap assembly coupled to the case, wherein the cap assembly comprises a cap plate sealing the case and having a short-circuit opening, an inversion plate installed in the short-circuit opening of the cap plate, and a connection plate installed to cover the short-circuit opening of the cap plate, and a protection layer having a higher melting point than the cap plate is formed under the inversion plate.
Battery pack and device for connecting tabs of battery cells in the same
A device for connecting tabs of battery cells includes an isolation board defining a first through slot seated on the surfaces of the battery cells from which the tabs extending out; a metal plate mounted on a surface of the isolation board afar from the battery cells, the metal plate defining a second through slot corresponding to the first through slot of the isolation board; and a metal conductive plate secured to the metal plate. The tabs of the battery cells extending through the first through slot and the second through slot are bent and seated on a surface of the metal plate afar from the isolation board, and the metal conductive plate is detachably fastened to the metal plate so that the tabs of the battery cells are securely sandwiched between the metal plate and the metal conductive plate.
Battery wiring module
A battery wiring module may include connecting members for connecting adjacent electrode terminals to each other, an external connection terminal that is connectable to another device, and a resin protector having holding portions that hold the connecting members and the external connection terminal. A lid portion for covering the external connection terminal may be provided integrally with the resin protector via a first hinge. The lid portion may be provided with a second hinge having a hinge axis that is orthogonal to a hinge axis of the first hinge. A first lid portion that is formed by folding the first hinge and a second lid portion that is formed by folding the second hinge can be disposed in directions crossing each other.
A secondary battery includes a contact portion on a bottom retainer that contacts a bottom of a case, thus performing a tension function. The secondary battery includes an electrode assembly having a first electrode, a second electrode, and a separator between the first and second electrodes; a case accommodating the electrode assembly therein, having a top and a bottom and an opening in the top of the case; a cap plate closing the opening of the case; a bottom retainer on an upper surface of the bottom of the case, the bottom retainer including a support portion supporting the electrode assembly and at least one contact portion contacting the bottom of the case. As such, the contact portion may absorb external shocks, thus increasing durability and enhancing safety of the secondary battery.
A car battery comprises: four lithium ferro-phosphate batteries serially connected and positioned within a battery case with the anode and cathode caps exposed and connected to each other, and each of the lithium ferro-phosphate batteries has a capacity of 10-20 ampere-hour. The car battery also comprises two wires respectively connected to the anode and cathode caps, and the wires are thus connected to the anode and cathode of the lithium ferro-phosphate batteries connected in series.
Battery adhesion-fixation structure
A battery adhesion-fixation structure includes battery cells, a holder, an adhesive agent, bus bars, and an insulator. The holder includes holder holes for holding the battery cells therein. The adhesive agent adheres the battery cells with the holder within the holder holes. The bus bars electrically connect the battery cells with each other. The insulator intervenes between the bus bars and the holder. The bus bars include a bus-bar hole, and a terminal tab. The bus-bar hole faces face-to-face to an electrode terminal of the battery cells. The terminal tab projects into the bus-bar hole to be electrically connected with the electrode terminal. The insulator includes a face, and a dent opening in the face. The face opposes to the holder. The dent opens in the face, and accommodates the adhesive agent overflown toward the insulator therein.
Electronic power supply device
An electronic power supply device supplies electric power from a plurality of battery cells to an electronic power equipment and has an inner case for housing the plurality of battery cells and an outer case for housing the inner case. The electronic power supply device is designed to protect the plurality of battery cells from water damage and from an impact in the event that the electronic power supply device is accidentally dropped.
Method of designing electroluminescent device, electroluminescent device manufactured with the design method, and method of manufacturing electroluminescent device with the design method
A method of designing an electroluminescent device allows more accurate computation of an external emission spectrum output to the outside in a current injection state and accurate estimate of a quantity and/or a color of light extracted to the outside, an electroluminescent device manufactured with the design method, and a method of manufacturing an electroluminescent device with the design method.
Method for preparing OLED and OLED device
A method for preparing an OLED and an OLED device are provided. The method for preparing an OLED comprises forming an anode metal layer on an organic layer; forming an inorganic layer on the anode metal layer; and forming the anode metal layer into an anode layer comprising a pattern of an anode.
Display device and method of manufacturing the same
A display device includes a display device including a substrate, and a display unit disposed on the substrate. An encapsulating unit encapsulates the display unit. The encapsulating unit includes a barrier organic layer. The barrier organic layer includes a plurality of organic materials and a plurality of inorganic materials. The inorganic materials are arranged in free volumes between the organic materials.
Materials for electronic devices
The present invention relates to compounds of the formula (I), to the use of compounds of the formula (I) in electronic devices and electronic devices comprising one or more compounds of the formula (I). The invention furthermore relates to the preparation of the compounds of the formula (I) and to formulations comprising one or more compounds of the formula (I).
Aromatic heterocyclic derivative, material for organic electroluminescent element, and organic electroluminescent element
An organic EL device includes an anode, an emitting layer, an electron transporting zone and a cathode in this sequence, in which the electron transporting zone contains an aromatic heterocyclic derivative represented by a formula (1) below. In the formula (1), X1 to X3 are a nitrogen atom or CR1, and A is represented by a formula (2) below. In the formula (2), L1 is s single bond or a linking group, and HAr is represented by a formula (3) below. In the formula (3), Y1 is an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom or the like, and one of X11 to X18 is a carbon atom bonded to L1 by a single bond and the rest of X11 to X18 are a nitrogen atom or CR13.
Compound and organic light-emitting device including the same
Provided are a compound represented by Formula 1 and an organic light-emitting device including the same: wherein substituents of Formula 1 are understood by referring to the description provided in the detailed description.
Materials for organic electroluminescence devices
The present invention relates to novel materials which can be used in organic electronic devices, in particular electroluminescent devices, and are certain derivatives of fused aromatic systems.
Organic light-emitting device
An organic light-emitting device including: a first electrode; a second electrode facing the first electrode; an emission layer between the first electrode and the second electrode; a hole transport region between the first electrode and the emission layer; and an electron transport region between the emission layer and the second electrode, the electron transport region including an intermediate layer, wherein the emission layer includes a first compound and a second compound, each independently selected from compounds represented by Formula 1, and the intermediate layer includes a third compound and a fourth compound, each independently selected from compounds represented by Formula 2:
Diketopyrrolopyrrole polymers for use in organic field effect transistors
The present invention relates to polymers comprising a repeating unit of the formula I, or III and their use as organic semiconductor in organic devices, especially an organic field effect transistor (OFET), or a device containing a diode and/or an organic field effect transistor. The polymers according to the invention have excellent solubility in organic solvents and excellent film-forming properties. In addition, high efficiency of energy conversion, excellent field-effect mobility, good on/off current ratios and/or excellent stability can be observed, when the polymers according to the invention are used in organic field effect transistors.
Organic single crystal field effect circuit and preparing method thereof
The present invention provides an organic single crystal field effect circuit and method for preparing the same. The method comprises the steps of: preparing circuit masks; preparing a flexible planar embedded lamination electrode with the circuit patterns: 1) attaching octadecyl trichlorosilane on surface of a substrate; 2) preparing the source, drain and gate electrodes on the modified substrate, and attaching mercaptopropyl trimethoxysilane; 3) spin-coating polydimethyl siloxane on surfaces of the source, drain and gate electrodes, respectively; 4) removing the gate electrode spin-coated with polydimethyl siloxane, performing oxygen plasma treatment to the metal electrode surface of the gate electrode and polydimethyl siloxane surfaces of the source and drain electrodes, respectively, to form hydroxyl; 5) adjusting the source and the drain electrodes, attaching the gate, source and drain electrodes into an integration, thereby obtaining the flexible planar embedded lamination electrode; preparing the organic single crystal field effect circuit. The present invention prepares electrodes using photolithography technique with high precision such that patterns with high precision and high complexity can be prepared, which is convenient and practicable.
Method of manufacturing organic light-emitting display apparatus and organic light-emitting display apparatus
A method of manufacturing an organic light-emitting display apparatus using a light-blocking photoresist layer which minimizes damage to an intermediate layer, including an emission layer, during a process for manufacturing the organic light-emitting display apparatus.