Electromagnetic shielding structure
An electromagnetic shielding structure in one aspect of the present invention comprises one and more gripping members and a shielding case. The shielding case has a roof section and a plurality of side walls. The roof section comprises a polygonal panel that is shaped so as not to fit inside a 30 mm×30 mm square region. The side walls comprise panels that are provided so as to hang from portions corresponding to part or entirety of some of sides of the polygonal roof, and each side wall is configured to contact the gripping member at a position within a predetermined distance from an edge of that side wall in a direction perpendicular to both a thickness direction of that side wall and a thickness direction of a printed circuit board.
Hybrid rear cover and mounting bracket for electronic display
A system and method for mounting an electronic display is disclosed herein. A rear cover mounting bracket may contain a rear plate and a sidewall which surrounds a perimeter of the plate. A plurality of mounting holes may be placed within the plate to allow fastening the rear plate to a vertical surface. An electronic display assembly module may contain a thermal plate where the attachment of the rear cover mounting bracket to the module creates a plenum which can house one or more electronic components. In a preferred embodiment, the rear plate contains a pair of hooks and the module contains a pair of corresponding cylinders which can be engaged with the hooks so that the module can hang from the hooks.
Electronic device and car battery charger
An electronic device includes a heat-dissipating base, a first printed wiring board assembly, and a second printed wiring board assembly. The first printed wiring board assembly is disposed on the heat-dissipating base. The first printed wiring board assembly includes a first printed wiring board and at least one first electronic component. The first electronic component is disposed on the first printed wiring board, such that the first printed wiring board assembly has a raised portion and a concave portion relative to the raised portion. The second printed wiring board assembly is at least partially disposed in the concave portion.
Multi-directional force generating line-replaceable unit chassis by means of a linear spring
A system for selectively engaging a plurality of electronics modules with a respective heat sink is provided. The system includes a spring element and a force generation system for selectively applying a force on the spring element. The spring element, in response to the force, is configured to generate a first resultant force on a first electronics module in a first direction generally parallel to the direction of said force applied by the force generation system, a second resultant force on a second electronics module in a second direction, the second direction different from the first direction, and a third resultant force on a third electronics module in a third direction, the third direction generally opposite that of the second direction.
Display device having fan
A display device includes a casing, a display panel, a transparent plate, a fixing pillar, at least one flow-guiding component, and a fan. The casing has front, back and side surfaces. The back surface has a first airflow passage. The display panel is disposed in the casing. The transparent plate is disposed on the front surface. A second airflow passage is foamed between the display panel and the transparent plate. The fixing pillar is disposed between the first and second airflow passages for fixing the display panel. The flow-guiding component is disposed in the second airflow passage and adjacent to the side surface. The fan is disposed on the back surface and provides a heat-dissipation airflow. The heat-dissipation airflow flows through the first airflow passage and the fixing pillar and arrives at the flow-guiding component, and flows in the second airflow passage after being guided by the flow-guiding component.
A server case includes a shell defining an opening, a door, and a connection member. The connection member includes a sliding portion and a rotation portion. The sliding portion is slidable and connected to the door. The rotation portion is slidably engaged with the shell. The sliding portion slides on the door to drive the rotation portion to slide in the shell to make the door move from a position where an angle between the door and the opening is greater than 90 degrees to shield the opening.
Connecting circuit for server back panel
A connecting circuit includes a motherboard, a first back panel, and a second back panel. The motherboard defines a first connector and a second connector. The first connector includes a first address distinguishing pin. The second connector includes a second address distinguishing pin. The first back panel is coupled with the first connector and transmits a first address signal to the first connector. The second back panel is coupled with the second connector and transmits a second address signal to the second connector. The first address distinguishing pin is connected to ground and the second address distinguishing pin is connected to a high level voltage to distinguish the first address signal from the second address signal.
Support system for printed board assemblies
Apparatus for guiding insertion and locking of a printed board assembly (PBA) in an electronic unit may include a housing, a first wedge segment having a sloped planar contact surface and a second wedge segment adjacent the first wedge segment and having a sloped planar contact surface. The first and second wedge segments may be devoid of holes in their respective sloped planar contact surfaces. The wedge segments may be supported in the housing so that the sloped contact surface of the first wedge segment is adjacent the sloped contact surface of the second wedge segment.
Operating control unit for an electrical appliance and electrical appliance
An operating control unit for an electrical appliance with an operating field is mounted on an underside of the operating field. The operating control unit includes a frame body, a flat component carrier being mounted to the frame body from behind and having piezo-active sensor elements, and a back support mounted to a back side of the frame body and enclosing the component carrier. The operating control unit has after pre-assembly two different assembly states. In a pre-mount state the back support is fixed to the frame body enclosing the component support, and some locking means of the frame body are formed as pre-mount locking means and are holding the back support against disassembly. In a final-assembly state the back support is pressed against the frame body with less distance between the two, and final-assembly locking means of the frame body are holding the back support in a closer position than the pre-mount locking means.
Mounting member and socket for electric component
To improve a seating property of a mounting member with respect to a supporting member and enhance the positional accuracy of the mounting member. The mounting member has a protruding portion that protrudes from a support face of a frame body, and a shaft body that is thinner than the protruding portion. At a base portion of the shaft body, a relief recess is formed over the entire circumference of a boundary region with the protruding portion, and a supported face of the protruding portion is configured so as to contact with a support face of the frame body in a state in which the mounting member is supported by the frame body. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the mounting member is used as a guide pin of a floating plate that accommodates an IC socket.
Sealed housing and method of producing the same
A sealed housing of an electric heating device to be installed in a motor vehicle includes a housing lower part and a housing cover abutting on the housing lower part via an intermediate sealing element. An elongate positive locking element, which interconnects the housing lower part and the housing cover in a form fit manner, is provided between opposed contact surfaces of the housing lower part and a housing cover. The positive locking element abuts on the contact surfaces under a pretensioning force caused by compression of the sealing element. A method of producing a sealed housing also is disclosed via which the contact surfaces move into contact with the elongate positive locking element under a pretensioning force of the sealing element.
A dielectric header sub-assembly includes a header body with opposed first and second surfaces and a side wall. The first and second surfaces define a header axis extending therebetween. The side wall extends from the first surface to the second surface. The second surface includes a tapered portion. A dielectric header sub-assembly includes a bore. The bore extends from the first surface to the second surface. A first bore opening of the bore proximate to the first surface is greater in area than a second bore opening of the bore proximate the second surface. A method of assembling a header sub-assembly includes inserting an electrical connector into a bore of a header body, applying an active braze filler material into the bore and applying heat to braze the active braze filler material to the header body and the electrical connector.
Casing of electronic device and method of manufacturing the same
A method of manufacturing a casing of an electronic device including the following steps is provided. A metallic housing is provided, wherein the metallic housing has an inner surface and an outer surface opposite to the inner surface. A plurality of apertures are formed on the inner surface of the metallic housing. A non-conductive layer is formed on the inner surface of the metallic housing, and part of the non-conductive layer is extended into the apertures. The outer surface of the metallic housing is dyed to form the casing of the electronic device. A casing of an electronic device is also provided.
A display device is disclosed. The display device includes a display panel including a front substrate and a back substrate, a guide panel positioned at an edge of a back surface of the display panel, a frame positioned in the rear of the display panel and connected to the guide panel, and a back cover positioned in the rear of the frame and inserted into the frame in a sliding manner.
Module type safety bus bar
Disclosed is a module type safety bus bar including: a vertical coupling portion (20) which is a vertically-extending rectangular parallelepiped insulating block, has an upper end provided with a first combining means, and a middle portion into which a bus bar (30) penetrates to be combined with the vertical coupling portion in the form of a cross, the bus bar (30) connecting terminals of a distributor (A) to a circuit breaker (B); and a horizontal coupling portion (10) which is a horizontally-extending rectangular parallelepiped insulating block and has a second combining means, to be combined with the first combining means, in a middle portion of a lower end thereof. The horizontal coupling portion (10) covers an exposed metallic portion of the bus bar after the terminals of the distributor and circuit breaker are connected to each other so that the bus bar (30) becomes safe.
Method of fabrication of encapsulated electronics devices mounted on a redistribution layer
A substrateless device comprises a plurality of first conductive elements and an encapsulant. The encapsulant encapsulates the plurality of first conductive elements, wherein the locations of the plurality of first conductive elements are fixed by the encapsulant; and a plurality of terminals of the plurality of first conductive elements are exposed outside the encapsulant, wherein the plurality of first conductive elements are not supported by a substrate.
Low haze transparent conductive electrodes and method of making the same
A transparent conductive electrode comprising metal nanowires and method of making is described, wherein the transparent conductive electrode has a pencil hardness more than 1H, nanoporous surface having pore sizes less than 25 nm and surface roughness less than 50 nm. The transparent conductive electrode further comprises an index matching layer, having a refractive index between 1.1-1.5 and a thickness between 100-200 nm.
Method of forming insulating layer and touchscreen manufactured using the same
A method of forming an insulating layer and a touchscreen including the insulating layer formed using the same are provided. The method of forming an insulating layer insulating a conductive pattern of a touchscreen from a bridge electrode thereof includes heating a substrate provided with the conductive pattern formed on the substrate, sequentially forming a first pattern and a second pattern on the heated substrate using an insulating composition, and curing the first pattern and the second pattern. The first pattern includes a groove portion to prevent adjacent patterns from overlapping each other and the second pattern is formed in the groove portion of the first pattern.
Surface mounted standoff light emitting diode device
This application discloses a standoff device for surface-mounting light emitting diodes (LEDs). In some embodiments, the standoff has asymmetric features to control orientation of a part in tube or reel packaging. The standoff has a broad base to keep the part upright during the reflow process. The standoff has a lifted bottom surface to allow room for solder flowing onto leads. The standoff has lead holes spaced at a standard distance to hold many different LEDs. In addition, the standoff has a variable height designed to allow one mold to make parts of different heights.
A substrate includes an insulating substrate, a metal layer formed on one surface of the insulating substrate, and an electronic component soldered to the surface of the metal layer. The metal layer is formed of a metal plate. The surface of the metal layer has a soldering area, and a groove portion positioned on the outer periphery of the soldering area.
Flexible printed circuit board with component mounting section for mounting electronic component and flexible cable sections extending in different directions from the component mounting section
A method of manufacturing a flexible printed circuit board that includes a component mounting section having lands, a plurality of flexible cable sections having wirings and extending in different directions from the component mounting section, and a connection section having terminals connected with the land through the wiring, the method including manufacturing partial FPCs in a sheet in a unit of a partial FPC that includes a partial component mounting section that is a part of the component mounting section, a cable section extending from the partial component mounting section, and a connection section disposed in the cable section, cutting out the partial FPC from the sheet, performing an alignment using alignment targets of the partial FPC and a support plate so that the partial component mounting sections (1A) of respective partial FPCs configure the component mounting section, and fixing the partial FPCs onto the support plate.
Wiring board, method for manufacturing wiring board, and electronic device
A wiring board includes a heat dissipation plate, a heat-conductive adhesive layer, an insulating layer, a thermal via, a heat dissipation metal terminal, and electrodes. The heat-conductive adhesive layer is disposed on the heat dissipation plate. The insulating layer is disposed on the heat-conductive adhesive layer. The insulating layer is formed with an opening portion. The thermal via is disposed in the opening portion of the insulating layer. The heat dissipation metal terminal is disposed on the thermal via and electrically connected to the heat dissipation plate. The electrodes are disposed on the insulating layer. The electrodes are to be connected to an electronic component.
Foldable display device
A foldable display device having an excellent folding characteristic without image quality deterioration on a folding portion is provided. The foldable display device includes a flexible display panel and a cover window positioned outside the flexible display panel and protecting the flexible display panel from an external impact, wherein the cover window includes a folding region where concave grooves are formed.
Planar illumination device
A planar illumination device includes: a light guide plate; a point light source disposed to face a light incident surface of the light guide plate; and a circuit substrate on which the point light source is mounted. The circuit substrate includes: a base film; a first conductive layer and a first coverlay film stacked in sequence on a first surface of the base film, the first conductive layer including a pair of lands to which a pair of electrode terminals of the point light source are electrically connected; and a second conductive layer and a second coverlay film stacked in sequence on a second surface of the base film the second coverlay film including a light absorber. The second coverlay film is exposed between the lands and in front of a light emitting surface of the point light source in a light emitting direction.
Wiring board to mount a semiconductor element
An wiring board of the present invention includes an insulating board, a pair of signal external connection pads, a pair of ground external connection pads, a pair of signal through-hole conductors, a pair of around through-hole conductors, a core ground conductor layer having an opening, a via-hole conductor, a strip-shaped wiring conductor, an upper-side signal connection conductor, and a lower-side signal connection conductor, in which the pair of the ground through-hole conductors is arranged across the opening from each other.
According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a radiation source comprising: a reservoir configured to retain a volume of fuel; a nozzle, in fluid connection with the reservoir, and configured to direct a stream of fuel along a trajectory towards a plasma formation location; a laser configured to direct laser radiation at the stream at the plasma formation location to generate, in use, a radiation generating plasma; and a contamination filter assembly located in a fuel flow path of the radiation source, upstream of a nozzle outlet, a filter medium of that contamination filter assembly being held in place within the contamination filter assembly by a clamping force provided by one or more objects that at least partially surround the filter medium.
High frequency, repetitive, compact toroid-generation for radiation production
Systems and methods are discussed to create radiation from one or more compact toroids. Compact toroids can be created from plasma of gases within a confinement chamber using a plurality of coils of various densities of windings. High current pulses can be generated within the coil and switched at high frequencies to repeatedly generate compact toroids within the plasma. The plasma can produce radiation at various wavelengths that is focused toward a target or an intermediate focus.
Modular intelligent electronic decoration system
An intelligent electronic decoration system includes a smart modular power cable (MPC) having a flexible body extending between opposed proximal and distal ends and having a plurality of spaced apart electronic ports along and perpendicular to the body, the MPC configured for powering and communicating data relative to respective ports. The system includes embedded electronics operatively coupled to the proximal end of the MPC and having a rechargeable component for energizing electronics devices electrically coupled to respective ports, a microcontroller unit, and a memory collectively positioned within the housing, the embedded electronics being configured for data interfacing with wired or wireless communication components of external electronic devices. Electronic devices that may be coupled to the ports of the MPC and embedded electronics include Smart LED Electronics modules, LED replaceable covers, Monitor Touch Screen plug-in for smart LED Electronics Module, Smart Multi-Port Auxiliary Base Unit, and automated robotic puppet module.
Lighting system having a plurality of lighting devices and an integrated control module
A lighting device includes: a communication unit that communicates with a wearable device with at least one camera and receives at least one image captured by the camera; a light emitting unit including one or more light emitting elements; and a controller that detects a readable medium containing a plurality of characters or visual content containing at least one color from the image and controls the light emitting unit based on the readable medium or the visual content.
Enhancements to ornamental or holiday lighting are disclosed including remote control ornamental illumination with color pallet control whereby a user can vary the color/intensity/appearance of an individual bulb or entire light string by selecting the electronic address of the bulb and selecting its attribute. Further disclosures include: motion responsive lights which respond to sensed movement, gesture controlled lights, adjustable white color/white led sets, connectable multi-function lights, controller to sequence lights to music or other input source, rotating projection led light/tree top/table top unit, and remote controlled sequencing icicle lights and ornament lighting system.
Constant current and temperature compensation control device for outdoor spotlights used on laser stages
The present invention provide a constant current and temperature compensation control device for outdoor spotlights used on laser stages which includes a single chip microcomputer, a triode or an field effect transistor, a laser LED light, a heating piece and a driving triode used for driving the heating piece. The benefits of the present invention include protecting the laser light from damage caused by power surge which results in no light or weakened light intensity, saving the cost of a specialized current limiting chip, making the green laser module work normally in extremely cold outdoor environment thus being more favorable to apply this device to mood creating lights of Christmastime.
Method and system for optimizing operations of exterior lights
The present disclosure relates to a method and system for optimizing operations of the exterior lights for a site of a plurality of distributed sites. The operations of the exterior lights are optimized by the lighting control system, which receive data associated with lights from at least one site of the plurality of distributed sites, wherein the data is one of exterior light data or combination of exterior and interior light data. Further, the data received from at least one site is processed in a pre-defined format to identify the current logic and the optimum logic of operation of the exterior lights. The method further identifies one or more deviations and the causes of the deviations in the operation of exterior lights to optimize the operation of the exterior lights.
Lighting system, adapter for wiring tool, and life support system
An adapter includes a detection unit configured to detect an operating state of an illumination fixture, a communication unit configured to communicate with an analysis device, and a control unit configured to cause the communication unit to transmit a detection result of the detection unit to the analysis device. A lighting system includes a plurality of illumination devices. A life support system includes the plurality of illumination devices, and the analysis device configured to analyze behavior of a person. The plurality of illumination devices each include the adapter.
Systems and methods for low-power lamp compatibility with a leading-edge dimmer and a magnetic transformer
A system and method for providing compatibility between a load and a secondary winding of a magnetic transformer driven at its primary winding by a trailing-edge dimmer may include determining from a magnetic transformer secondary signal a period of a half-line cycle of an output signal of the dimmer, determining from the magnetic transformer secondary signal an estimated occurrence of an end of a phase-cut angle of the dimmer, and generating a driving signal to the load based on the period and the estimated occurrence of the end of the phase-cut angle. A lamp assembly may include a lamp for generating light and a controller for controlling operation of the lamp, the controller comprising a timing control circuit for determining a period of a periodic signal received by the lamp assembly.
Pixel arrangement structure for organic light-emitting diode display panel
A pixel arrangement structure for an organic light-emitting diode display panel includes a plurality of first subpixel rows and a plurality of second subpixel rows alternating with the first subpixel rows. Each first subpixel row includes first subpixels and second subpixels alternating with the first subpixels. Each second subpixel row includes alternately disposed first, second, and third subpixels. The number of the third subpixels in each second subpixel row is two times the number of the first or second subpixels in the second subpixel row. The subpixels of the same type in each of the first and second subpixel rows are not adjacent to each other. RGB pixels are formed by combinations of the subpixels in the first subpixel rows and the subpixels in the second subpixels. The color mixing effect is improved, and the resolution is increased.
Metal-based particle assembly
There is provided a metal-based particle assembly comprising 30 or more metal-based particles separated from each other and disposed in two dimensions, the metal-based particles having an average particle diameter in a range of from 200 to 1600 nm, an average height in a range of from 55 to 500 nm, and an aspect ratio, as defined by a ratio of the average particle diameter to the average height, in a range of from 1 to 8, wherein the metal-based particles are disposed such that an average distance between adjacent metal-based particles may be in a range of from 1 to 150 nm. This metal-based particle assembly presents significantly intense plasmon resonance and also allows plasmon resonance to have an effect over a range extended to a significantly large distance.
Color based half-life prediction system
A system and method for controlling lighting systems and predicting a life expectancy of a plurality of lighting devices are disclosed. The system may include at least one gateway that controls dimming levels of the lighting devices, and at least one of a plurality of luminaires and LEDs that communicates with the gateway via a dimming control interface. The system may further include a sensor subsystem that senses color channels and monitors at least one change in environment in real time, and at least one power meter that measures power in real time, each of which is connected to the gateway. At least one server may be connected to the gateway, and may calculate and predict lumen depreciation of the luminaires and LEDs, and reporting and changing display information associated with the luminaires and LEDs.
Lighting control method and system
Various embodiments provide a method of controlling a lighting device to generate light of a desired natural scene. The lighting device may include a plurality of warm white LEDs having a first intensity range and a plurality of cool white LEDs having a second intensity range. The method may include dividing each of the first intensity range and the second intensity range into a predetermined number of intensity levels; initializing the plurality of warm white LEDs to a first intensity level and initializing the plurality of cool white LEDs to a second intensity level, the first intensity level and the second intensity level being determined based on the desired natural scene; iteratively adjusting at least one of the intensity level of the warm white LEDs or the intensity level of the cool white LEDs by at least one level in each iteration, until the light generated by the lighting device matches a desired correlated color temperature predetermined for the desired natural scene; and iteratively adjusting at least one of the intensity level of the warm white LEDs or the intensity level of the cool white LEDs, until the light generated by the lighting device matches a desired illuminance predetermined for the desired natural scene.
Lighting device and lighting system
A lighting device comprising a first light source issuing a first beam and a second light source issuing a second beam. Said first and said second light source are dimmable and together issue light with a total light flux. At a mutually equal light flux of the first and the second beam, the glare level of the second beam is lower than the glare level of the first beam. The lighting device further comprises at least one (programmed) controller which, during operation, moderates said dim levels such that in at least a range of the illumination level a ratio of the dim level of the second beam to the dim level of the first beam increases in a gradual manner with increasing total light flux.
Ripple based light emitting diode driving
Drivers (10) for driving first and second light emitting diode circuits (1, 2) that produce first and second light may comprise first generators (11) for in response to ripple information generating first control signals and first controllers (12) for in response to the first control signals controlling first intensities of the first light such that a sum of the first and second intensities the first and second light is less fluctuating than each one of these intensities. The ripple information defines parameters of ripples resulting from rectifications of alternating-current signals. The drivers (10) may further comprise second generators (21) for in response to the ripple information generating second control signals and second controllers (22) for in response to the second control signals controlling the second intensities. Ripple based flickering is reduced and smaller capacitors can be used.
Topology of distributing and connecting LEDs in a large area matrix
A LED circuit comprises an array of LEDs is arranged in a matrix. The matrix is connected to at least three power rail lines. The LEDs are formed as a first LED arrangement (34) between a first power rail line (30) and a second power rail line (32) and a second LED arrangement (36) between the second power rail line (32) and a third power rail line (30) of the same voltage as the first power rail line. This means there are alternating power rail lines interspersed with the matrix of LEDs. This enables the driving voltages to be kept low and it improves scalability of the design.
Device and method for removing transient and drift from an AC main supplied to a DC-controlled LED load
An illumination device and method are provided for controlling light emitting diodes (LEDs). The LEDs (specifically, the LED loads) are controlled, e.g., brightness and color of the LED loads, independent of a phase-cut dimmer applied to the AC mains feeding a DC power supply. The power supply is active dependent upon the duration of a conduction angle supplied from the dimmer. The power supply, however, produces drive currents that are independent from the conduction angle by using a two-stage power supply and a relatively slow and fast control loops that are controlled through a microprocessor based control circuit. Parameters stored in the control circuit are drawn by the microprocessor to control the two-stage power supply to produce the drive currents independent and decoupled from the conduction angle yet dependent on the controller parameters.
Off-time control for switched mode power supplies
A switched mode power supply may include circuitry configured to output a bias signal that turns off and on switching circuitry of the switched mode power supply. The circuitry may wait for a first time period determined by the bias signal, and output the bias signal to turn off the switching circuitry when the time period expires. In addition or alternatively, the circuitry may begin waiting for a second time period when the bias signal turns off the switching circuitry. The circuitry may turn on the switching circuitry either when energy in inductive storage circuitry is depleted or when the second time period expires.
Microwave oven using ohmic heating
A microwave oven that includes a power supply and a heating bar connected to the power supply is described. The heating bar is configured to receive an electric current from the power supply, and to apply the current to food. The electric current applied from the heating bar passes through the food thereby heating up the food.
Touch slider unit and microwave oven having touch slider unit
A touch slider unit includes: a touch slider having a contact part to be in contact with a user and a light-transmitting part disposed to surround a circumference of the contact part; an electrode disposed on a back surface of the contact part of the touch slider; a controller which detects a change in electrostatic capacity of the electrode to detect a contact of the user with the touch slider based on the detected change in the electrostatic capacity of the electrode; and a light source disposed on the back side of the touch slider to emit a light, thereby having a favorable backlight characteristic and an improved operability.
Ceramic heater, glow plug, method of manufacturing ceramic heater and method of manufacturing glow plug
A ceramic heater wherein in at least one cross section of the ceramic heater orthogonal to the axial direction, a first resistor cross section has no protrusion on a first inner portion of the contour of a first resistor cross section, and has two or more protrusions on a first outer portion of the contour of the first resistor cross section and a method of manufacturing the ceramic heater.
An electric heater for an automobile vehicle, with an electric heating element, which is connectable to an electric power source, with an insulating element and with a tube with the electric heating element being placed inside the tube and being electrically insulated from the tube, with the tube having at least one opening through which the insulating element and the electric heating element can be inserted into the tube. The electric heater features a safety element, which is plugged into the at least one opening of the tube, with the safety element having at least one distance element, which defines the orientation of the electric heating element and/or the insulating element in relation to the tube. Furthermore the invention relates to a heat exchanger with at least one electric heater.
System and method for supporting switching between a packet-switched network and a circuit-switched network
A User Equipment (UE) has multiple transceivers, each having a corresponding receiver configured to communicate on respective carriers. The UE monitors a radio access network (RAN) on a serving cell using a first of the receivers, and indicates to the base station that at least one of its receivers will temporary tune-out from the RAN. The base station receives the indication from the UE, and temporarily suspends communications with the UE.
Communication apparatus and communication method
In a communication apparatus on a network where communication apparatuses perform direct communication with each other, a network management apparatus for managing the network based on message information transmitted and received on the network is determined. When the communication apparatus itself is determined as the network management apparatus, the apparatus collects information indicating device capabilities from other communication apparatuses. On the other hand, the communication apparatus receives information indicating device capabilities from another communication apparatus when the other communication apparatus is determined as the network management apparatus.
Method and device for controlling channel access in wireless LAN system
The present invention relates to a wireless communication system and, more specifically, to a method and apparatus for controlling a channel access in a wireless LAN system. According to one embodiment of the present invention, the objective of the present invention is to provide a method for controlling a channel access in a station (STA) of the wireless communication system comprising the steps of: receiving a frame which includes a response frame indication field in a physical layer convergence protocol (PLCP) header of the frame; and deferring the channel access of the STA during a predetermined period of time which is determined on the basis of the response frame indication field.
User device for communicating data and method
A user device for transmitting and receiving data to and from an infrastructure equipment via a wireless access interface. The user device is configured to receive an indication from the infrastructure equipment of a location and duration of a temporal response window for receiving response messages, the response messages being received in response to access request messages and the location and duration of the temporal response window having been determined by the infrastructure equipment. The user device is configured to transmit an access request message for requesting access to the wireless access interface to the infrastructure equipment, and to receive a response message in response to the access request message from the infrastructure equipment, wherein the user device is configured to receive the response message in the temporal response window.
Search area based control channel monitoring
According to an embodiment of the invention, a method of operating a control node for communication with at least one receiving node is provided. The communication is structured in frames comprising several subframes (1) which may be divided into subbands in the frequency domain. The method comprises transmitting a control channel in a search area (8) of one of the subframes (1). The search area (8) comprises a configurable time span and may span one or more of the subbands.
Distributed beaconing periods for ad-hoc networks
In a distributed Mac protocol having a slotted superframe (102) comprising at least one slotted beacon period (104) followed by a data transfer period (103), a system and method is provided for creating and maintaining several beacon periods (104) at different positions in the superframe (102). When joining the network (300) a device (301) either joins an existing beacon period (104) or creates a new beacon period (104) at a position in the superframe (102) that does not overlap with existing beacon periods (104) or reservation periods. Beacon periods (104) mutually protect each other by devices (301) announcing the neighboring beacon periods in their beacons.
Method and apparatus for transmitting indication in wireless communication system
A method and apparatus for transmitting an indication in a wireless communication is provided. A user equipment (UE) transmits a multimedia broadcast/multicast service (MBMS) interest indication indicating a long-term evolution (LTE) frequency, and if an in-device coexistence (IDC) interference is detected on the LTE frequency, the UE transmits updated MBMS interest indication excluding the LTE frequency.
Radio communications system
A scheduling process handles a plurality of communication services in a collective manner, thus making a radio communications system more operable. A pilot signal sender sends pilot signals with carrier frequencies each corresponding to an N (N≧1) different communication services. A scheduler collects N×n instances of propagation environment data from n (n≧1) terminal devices and selects terminal devices and communication services therefor by assigning terminal devices having a better propagation environment to the plurality of different communication services in a collective manner. The pilot signals are used by a propagation environment data sender to measure and report a propagation environment of each carrier frequency. A communication function configurer automatically sets up a communication function to adapt to the communication service that the base station has assigned.
Dynamic management of carrier aggregation based on small cell operating conditions
Disclosed is a method and system for dynamically managing carrier aggregation based on operating conditions of small cells in a wireless communication system. A first base station may be configured for providing wireless services on a first wireless carrier band and a second wireless carrier band. One or more additional base stations may each configured for providing wireless services on the second wireless carrier band. A determination can be made that a load on the one or more additional base stations exceeds a threshold level while each is providing wireless coverage within a region that at least partially overlaps with wireless coverage provided by the first base station. In response, the first base can be caused to refrain from aggregating the first and second wireless carrier bands for providing wireless services under operational conditions defined to cause the base station to aggregate the first and second wireless carrier bands.
Resource allocation method and resource management apparatus for performing the same
A resource management apparatus for managing a plurality of base stations (BSs) includes a load information management unit configured to manage load information of the plurality of BSs, a neighbor BS list management unit configured to manage a neighbor BS list of each BS, and a resource allocation unit. The resource allocation unit is configured to vary quantity of resources allocated to a target BS from among the plurality of BSs based on load information of the target BS and at least one neighbor BS of the target BS, upon reception of a resource allocation request from the target BS.
Method and device for determining a number of MIMO layers
The embodiments herein relate to a method in a base station for communicating with a user equipment in the communication network. The base station is configured to communicate with the user equipment according to a selectable of at least two user equipment categories. Based on information about a selected user equipment category, the base station determines a first number of maximum transmission layers supported by the base station. The base station communicates with the user equipment according to up to the determined first number of maximum transmission layers and according to the selected user equipment category.
Method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving UE capability information in mobile communication system
In order to transmit capability information of a user equipment (UE) to an evolved Node B (eNB), the UE may generate a UE CAPABILITY INFORMATION message including the capability information of the UE, and transmit the generated UE CAPABILITY INFORMATION message to the eNB. Here, the capability information of the UE may include at least one band combination supported by the UE and whether Time Division Duplexing-Frequency Division Duplexing Carrier Aggregation (TDD-FDD CA) for the band combination is supported.
Control of carrier aggregation
A method and an apparatus are described by which carrier aggregation in a radio network is controlled on the basis of a group of cells which can be aggregated. For example, carrier aggregation group information regarding the group of cells which can be aggregated can be established, transmitted, read and the like, access control policy regarding the group of cells in the radio network which can be aggregated can be set. Moreover, a method and an apparatus is provided by which carrier aggregation in a radio network is controlled, wherein an access control policy regarding a part of the radio network is set.
Method and apparatus for receiving signal by station in wireless LAN system
An embodiment of the present invention provides a method for receiving a signal from an access point (AP) by a station (STA) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising the steps of: receiving a raw parameter set (RPS) element including a restricted access window (RAW) allocation field; and identifying, in the RAW allocation field, first information indicating whether the RAW allocation field relates to a periodic RAW and second information indicating whether the RAW allocation field relates to AP power management (PM), wherein the STA can acquire only information relating to a time interval of the RAW in subfields other than a subfield including the first information and the second information when the RAW relates to the AP PM.
Subspace tracking in full dimension MIMO
Disclosed in some examples are methods, systems, devices, and machine readable mediums which reduce the amount of bandwidth consumed by the reference signals. In some examples, this is achieved by finding the optimal subspace containing all the active UEs in the cell and transmitting reference signals to that subspace. In some examples, second order statistics may be utilized to calculate a projected channel to the optimal subspace at the UE and then feeding this back to the eNodeB. The projected channel to optimal subspace may be utilized at the UE and the eNodeB to transform the codebook and align the codewords with the channel direction.
Non-orthogonal connection ID-based scheduling method and apparatus for use in device to-device communication system
A scheduling method and apparatus using a non-orthogonal Connection IDentifier (CID) for use in a device-to-device communication system is provided. The scheduling method includes generating a non-orthogonal CID for communication with a counterpart terminal, determining slot indices for communication using the non-orthogonal CID, and communicating with the counterpart terminal through the slots indicated by the slot indices. The non-orthogonal CID-based scheduling method and apparatus is capable of selecting the slots for use in the non-orthogonal CID-based scheduling according to a rule so as to overcome CID collision in the system of using the non-orthogonal CID.
Method of mapping physical resource to logical resource in wireless communication system
A method of mapping a physical resource to a logical resource in a wireless communication system is described. The method includes dividing a physical frequency band into at least one frequency partition. Each frequency partition is divided into a localized region and a distributed region in a frequency domain. The method further includes mapping the at least one frequency partition into at least one logical resource unit. The localized region is directly mapped into the logical resource unit and the distributed region is mapped into the logical resource unit after rearranging subcarriers within the distributed region.
Transmission apparatus and method for efficiently transmitting downlink allocation control information
In the base station (100), a search space setting unit (103) sets a search space on the basis of a search space setting rule in accordance with R-PDCCH range of a setting target slot, and an allocating unit (108) places DCI in one of a plurality of candidates of to-be-decoded unit range included in the set search space. The search space setting rules are associated with respective numbers of candidates of to-be-decoded unit range corresponding to the respective ones of a plurality of numbers of connections for R-CCE, and a first search space setting rule of a slot 0 and a second search space setting rule of a slot 1 are different from each other in terms of the patterns related to the numbers of candidates of to-be-decoded unit range corresponding to the plurality of numbers of connections for R-CCE.
Wireless communication base station equipment, wireless communication terminal device and search space setting method
Disclosed is wireless communication base station equipment in which CCE allocation can be flexibly performed without collision of ACK/NACK signals between a plurality of unit bands, even when wideband transmission is performed exclusively on a downlink circuit. In this equipment, an allocation unit (105) sets up mutually different search spaces for each of a plurality of downlink unit bands, with respect to wireless communication terminal devices that communicate using a plurality of downlink unit bands, and allocates resource allocation information of downlink circuit data destined for the wireless communication terminal devices to CCEs in mutually different search spaces for each of the plurality of downlink unit bands, and an ACK/NACK reception unit (119); extracts a response signal in respect of the downlink circuit data from the uplink control channel associated with the CCE to which the resource allocation information of this downlink circuit data was allocated.
Apparatus and method for supporting transmission of sounding reference signals from multiple antennas
Methods and apparatuses are provided for controlling reference signal (RS) transmission between a user equipment (UE) and a base station in a wireless communication system. A method includes transmitting, to the UE, downlink control information (DCI) including RS request information. The RS request information includes one or two binary elements based on a DCI format. If an RS transmission triggered by the RS request information is to occur in a same subframe as another RS transmission previously configured to the UE from the base station, the UE transmits the RS triggered by the RS request information.
Method and system for self-adaptively transmitting communication signals
Disclosed is a method and system for self-adaptively transmitting communication signals. The method comprises: a host acquires its own position information and position information of each terminal, and then calculates to acquire a relative position relationship between the host and each terminal according to the acquired position information; and the host matches each communication signal to be transmitted with each terminal according to the relative position relationship between the host and each terminal, and wirelessly transmits corresponding communication signals to each terminal according to the matched correspondence. By means of the technical scheme of the present invention, the complex wiring and wire plugging processes of wired transmission can be omitted, also the self-adapting transmission of signals is achieved, and the working efficiency is improved.
Transmitting uplink control information over a data channel or over a control channel
Methods and apparatus are described for User Equipment (UE) to concurrently transmit Uplink Control Information (UCI) and data information to a Node B. The Node B can configure the UE to transmit UCI together with data information in a Physical Uplink Shared CHannel (PUSCH) or separate from data information in a Physical Uplink Control CHannel (PUCCH). The UE may also determine whether to transmit UCI together with data information in the PUSCH or separate from data information in the PUCCH based on criteria involving a ratio of PUSCH resources for UCI transmission over the total PUSCH resources, a Modulation and Coding Scheme (MCS) for the data information, an absolute power difference between PUCCH and PUSCH transmissions, whether the PUSCH transmission uses frequency hopping, and/or whether spatial multiplexing is used for the data transmission.
Utilizing unused uplink sequence shifts for signaling
Certain aspects of the present disclosure propose methods and apparatus for signaling information via the selection of resources used for an uplink transmission. The aspects may include selecting one or more cyclic shifts or orthogonal cover codes used to transmit an uplink channel. The one or more cyclic shifts or orthogonal cover codes may be selected to convey information. The information may be conveyed by transmitting the uplink channel using the selected cyclic shifts or orthogonal cover codes.
Enhanced physical downlink control channel (ePDCCH) with physical resource block (PRB) bundling
Technology for physical resource block (PRB) bundling an enhanced physical downlink control channel (ePDCCH) with a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) is disclosed. One method can include a wireless device receiving from a node the ePDCCH in an ePDCCH PRB contiguous in frequency with a PDSCH PRB carrying the PDSCH. The wireless device can PRB bundle the ePDCCH PRB with the PDSCH PRB.
Terminal device, base station device, communication method, and integrated circuit
According to the present invention, there are provided a base station device, a terminal device, a communication method, and an integrated circuit capable of performing communication more efficiently when the terminal device transmits an uplink signal based on scheduling by the base station device. The terminal device includes a setting unit that sets a first uplink-downlink configuration, a second uplink-downlink configuration, and a third uplink-downlink configuration, a reception unit that monitors a physical downlink control channel accompanied with a downlink control information format which is used to schedule a physical downlink shared channel in a downlink subframe based on the third uplink-downlink configuration and includes information making a request for transmitting a sounding reference signal, and a transmission unit that transmits the sounding reference signal based on the information making the request to transmitting the sounding reference signal.
Method of managing timing alignment functionality for multiple component carriers and related communication device
A method of managing TA functionality for a communication device of a wireless communication system which supports carrier aggregation that multiple component carriers are aggregated to support wider transmission bandwidth is disclosed. The method comprises receiving a RRC message indicating a usage of a timing advance command for each of a plurality of component carriers configured to the communication device, from a cell in a network of the wireless communication system, when the timing advance command has been received from the cell for each of the plurality of component carriers, applying the timing advance functionality corresponding to each of the plurality of component carriers, for updating a timing advance value for each of the plurality of component carriers, and when updating the timing advance value for each of the plurality of component carriers, starting or restarting a time alignment timer for each of the plurality of component carriers.
Method for triggering power headroom reporting in a dual connectivity system and a device therefor
The present invention relates to a wireless communication system. More specifically, the present invention relates to a method and a device for triggering power headroom reporting in a dual connectivity system, the method comprising: configuring a plurality of Medium Access Control (MAC) entities, each MAC entity corresponding to each enhanced-NodeB (eNB); occurring an event for triggering power headroom reporting (PHR) in a MAC entity of the plurality of MAC entities; triggering the PHR in the plurality of MAC entities including the MAC entity if a type of the event is a first type event; and triggering the PHR in the MAC entity if the type of the event is a second type event.
Method of efficiently reporting user equipment transmission power and apparatus thereof
A method and an apparatus for efficiently transmitting or reporting a Power Headroom Report (PHR) of a User Equipment (UE) are provided. The method of transmitting the PHR of the UE in a mobile communication system includes configuring an extended PHR including an indicator corresponding to a variation factor of a maximum transmission power of the UE, and transmitting the extended PHR from the UE to a Base Station (BS). The BS may be notified of a maximum transmission power of the UE and a variation factor corresponding to the maximum transmission power in order to enable efficient scheduling.
System and method for coordination of wireless maintenance channel power control
In a wireless communication system, there are several wireless channels used for communication between users and a base station. Channel characteristics may be defined by whether a channel is carrying traffic data and the timing of the channel transmissions with respect to channels not carrying traffic data. Different power levels between channels carrying traffic data or not may be defined and individual power levels of each channel may be amended based on individual power level command responses.
Multi-standard systems and methods with interferer mitigation
A system using multiple communication technologies for concurrent communication is disclosed. The system includes a transmitting subunit, a receiving subunit and a control unit. The transmitting subunit is configured to generate a transmit signal. The receiving subunit is configured to receive a receive signal. The control unit is coupled to the transmitting subunit and the receiving subunit and is configured to determine a presence or potential of crosstalk between the transmit signal and the receive signal. Additionally, the control unit is configured to reduce power of the transmitting subunit to mitigate the crosstalk.
Wireless portable activity-monitoring device syncing
A notification signal, intended to be received by a wireless communication device, is repetitively broadcast by a portable activity-monitoring device that generates user-activity data corresponding to activity of an individual bearing the portable activity-monitoring device. The notification signal conveys information that identifies the portable activity-monitoring device and indicates whether or not the portable activity-monitoring device seeks establishment of a wireless communication link to enable transmission of the user-activity data to the wireless communication device.
Storage medium having stored communication program, information processing apparatus, communication system, and communication method
An example of an information processing apparatus has a communication section configured to perform near field communication. The information processing apparatus uses the communication section to perform data communication with a communication target present near the communication section. After the data communication, the information processing apparatus causes the communication section to intermittently transmit radio waves for confirming presence of the communication target having performed the data communication. Based on this, if the communication target is present at a position where the communication target can communicate with the information processing apparatus, the radio waves are temporarily stopped. This makes it possible to reduce the power consumption when near field communication is performed.
System and method for discontinuous transmissions and measurements
A method for operating a first communications controller adapted for operation in a first communications band in a communications system with a plurality of communications bands includes signaling a first higher layer message to a user device in the first communications carrier, the first higher layer message including information regarding an activation of operations in a second communications carrier, coordinating with a second communications controller adapted for operations in the second communications carrier, an opportunistic transmission opportunity in the second communication carrier, generating a first physical layer message comprising an aperiodic trigger configured to prompt a channel measurement in accordance with a reference signal transmitted in the second communications carrier, the first physical layer message serving as an indication of the opportunistic transmission opportunity, and signaling the first physical layer message to the user device in the first communications carrier.
Reducing power consumption of a wireless terminal
A wireless terminal is provided, including a main control unit, a radio frequency power amplifier, and an antenna, where: the main control unit is coupled to the radio frequency power amplifier, and an output end of the radio frequency power amplifier is coupled to the antenna; the main control unit is configured to initiate a procedure for establishing a physical channel, and send a first gain control instruction to the radio frequency power amplifier, where when there is no uplink data to be transmitted through the physical channel link within a first preset time, the first gain control instruction is an instruction for reducing a gain; the radio frequency power amplifier determines its gain level according to the first gain control instruction; and the antenna is configured to transmit a radio frequency signal amplified by the radio frequency power amplifier.
A method including configuring a processor to determine whether a radio device is communicating with an additional device, configuring the radio device to enter into a power stale in response to whether the radio device is communicating with the additional device, and modifying an amount of power supplied to the radio device in response to the power slate of the radio device.
Efficient roaming of mobile clients
The present disclosure discloses a method and a network device for efficient mobile client device roaming in a wireless local area network with multiple access points. Specifically, a network device determines a first received signal strength value for a first set of signals transmitted between a client device and a first access point during a first time period; and, determines a second received signal strength value for a second set of signals transmitted between a client device and the access point during a second time period. Based on the first and the second signal strength values, the network device computes a change in signal strength value corresponding to wireless communication between the client device and the first access point. Based on the change in signal strength value, the network device selects the access point from a plurality of access points for providing network access to the client device.
System and method for utilizing stored higher layer information
A method for operating a station during a discovery process includes transmitting a first Layer 2 frame to an access point (AP), the first Layer 2 frame including a first version number associated with first higher layer information and an identifier of a protocol associated with both the first higher layer information and the first version number, receiving a second Layer 2 frame from the AP including an indication that a second version number associated with a second higher layer information is the same as the first version number, and deciding whether to perform a network selection process in accordance with the first higher layer information.
Method of connection with a communications network when access point supports inter-working
A method of connecting user equipment to a communications network via a wireless local area network, said method comprising the steps of a first selecting step for selecting an access point; a second selecting step for selecting a communications network; wherein if said connection fails, sending a message comprising information indicating if said access point supports inter-working with a communications network.
Informing a user equipment of a cell and a radio base station serving the cell about access rights granted to the user equipment
Components of a cellular communication system and methods for operating components of a cellular communication system are disclosed, wherein an access right indication is sent from a network element to a base station which access right indication defines limited access rights of a user equipment to access the radio access network to which the base station belongs. According to embodiments, the access right indication is an access right update updating already defined access rights of the user equipment to access the radio access network.
Event data transmission to eventgoer devices
An event venue with a performance area (e.g., a stage, a sport field, a sport court) and an eventgoer area (e.g., a stadium seating section, a bleacher section) may include beacons and cameras throughout the performance area. The beacons and cameras may each record event occurrence data (e.g., images, audio, video, or some combination thereof) of particular occurrences (e.g., sport goals, sport fouls, songs played) during an event (e.g., sports game, concert) at the event venue. The beacons and cameras may send this event occurrence data to a transmission system. The transmission system may convert the event occurrence data from a first format to a second format, and then may output the event occurrence data in the second format through one or more local wireless transmitters. Eventgoers in the transmission zones of these transmitters may then receive the event occurrence data at their mobile devices.
Method and apparatus for controlling handover in cognitive radio system
A method and apparatus for controlling a handover in a cognitive radio system are used to control a cell handover process of a user equipment, and can hand over the user equipment to an appropriate target cell as far as possible. The method includes: a source base station receiving a measurement report send by a user equipment; the source base station controlling a handover of the user equipment according to the measurement report, radio resource management information, and reconfiguration related information. The apparatus is located in the source base station and includes a receiving module and a handover controlling module.
Apparatus and method for operating co-site in mobile communication system
Provided is a method for operating a co-site by a Base Station (BS) in a mobile communication system. The method includes determining a first number of Mobile Stations (MSs) among MSs connected to a cell to perform handover to a co-site using an Air Resource (AR) utilization of the cell that uses a first Frequency Reuse Pattern (FRP) and an AR utilization of the co-site that uses a second FRP, or determining a second number of MSs among MSs connected to the co-site to perform handover to the cell; and sending a handover initiation message to the MSs according to the determinations.
System and method for UE-specific offloading
An apparatus is configured to perform a method for user equipment (UE) offloading. The method includes receiving, at a network controller, a measurement report from a UE, the measurement report radio link measurement quantities of a serving cell and one or more candidate serving cells, the measurement quantities measured after interference cancellation or suppression. The method also includes, based in part on the measurement report from the UE, determining whether to offload the UE to a second cell among the one or more candidate serving cells.
Mobility robustness optimization with an extended key performance indicator message
A method includes (a) detecting based on reporting information from UEs, HO problems which have occurred within a predefined time interval, (b) classifying the detected HO problems into three categories, (c) determining information being related to at least one of the detected HO problems, wherein the information represents a refinement of one or more of the three categories or wherein the information represents a further category, (d) counting a the numbers of HO problems which have been classified into the various categories, (e) reporting a key performance indicator message indicative for the numbers of the various categories and for the determined information, and (f) adapting, based on the reported key performance indicator message, the value a mobility related network configuration parameter of the mobile radio communication network such that the mobility robustness of the communication network is optimized.
Apparatus and method for switching call in mobile communication system
A method for switching a call by a User Equipment (UE) supporting a Voice Call Continuity (VCC) scheme in a mobile communication system is provided. The method includes detecting that there is a need for switching a voice call from a first access network to a second access network that is different from the first access network while the UE supporting the VCC scheme transmits/receives data in the first access network through an old bearer which is set up with the other party UE, performing a new bearer set up operation with the second access network, and transmitting/receiving voice data with the other party UE through the old bearer in the first access network and transmitting/receiving voice data with the other party UE through the new bearer in the second access network until a point in time.
Deriving a WLAN security context from a WWAN security context
Techniques for deriving a WLAN security context from an existing WWAN security context are provided. According to certain aspects, a user equipment (UE) establishes a secure connection with a wireless wide area network (WWAN). The UE may receive from the WWAN an indication of a wireless local area network (WLAN) for which to derive a security context. The UE then derives the security context for the WLAN, based on a security context for the WWAN obtained while establishing the secure connection with the WWAN and establishes a secure connection with the WLAN using the derived security context for the WLAN. This permits the UE to establish a Robust Security Network Association (RSNA) with the WLAN while avoiding lengthy authentication procedures with an AAA server, thus speeding up the association process.
Cross mute for native radio channels
In one implementation, systems and processes are provide for local cross muting between two or more dispatch consoles in a dispatch center. Sound is received from a microphone of a first console. The first console generates an outgoing media signal from the received sound and a supplementary outgoing data. The supplementary outgoing data may be an identification number for the first console or a duplicate media signal from the first console. The first console sends the outgoing media signal to a forwarding device and sends the supplementary outgoing signal to a second console.
Apparatus and method to reduce a rate of receiving data
These teachings provide for transmitting to a wireless access point a sleep status indicator for a wireless transceiver. These teachings then provide for delaying having that wireless transceiver enter a sleep mode of operation until at least a predetermined period of time following transmission of the wireless transceiver sleep status indicator. These teachings also provide for determining a need to slow down a rate of receiving data from the wireless access point via the wireless transceiver. In this case the aforementioned sleep status indicator is transmitted in response to determining that need to slow down the rate of receiving data from the wireless access point.
Method and system for evaluation of sensor observations
Method and sensor observation system (200), for reporting observations to data users (204) based on sensor data collected (2:1) from a network of sensors (202). A first observation report that originates from a sensor in the network, is provided (2:4) to a first data user and a rating with respect to quality of the first observation report is received (2:5) from the first data user. Rating information is then created (2:8) based on the received rating, and a second observation report originating from the same sensor and comprising said rating information is provided (2:10) to a second data user. The comprised rating information thus indicates reliability of the second observation report. Thereby, the second data user is enabled to estimate and use the second observation report depending on its reliability as indicated by the rating information.
Wireless transceiver test bed system and method
A system and method for testing wireless transceivers in a virtual wireless environment including emulating an RF environment, creating virtual spectrum users having selectable transmission parameters and physical characteristics and evaluating the operation of the wireless transceiver in the virtual wireless environment.
Cell tower installation systems and methods with unmanned aerial vehicles
An Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)-based installation method for equipment on cell towers includes flying the UAV with the equipment attached thereto upwards to a desired location on the cell tower, wherein the desired location comprises one or more horizontal support structures; positioning the equipment to the desired location on the cell tower; connecting the equipment to the desired location; and disconnecting the equipment from the UAV.
Data integrity for proximity-based communication
Methods, systems, and computer programs for trusted communication among mobile devices are described. In some aspects, information is wirelessly transmitted from a first mobile device to a second mobile device. The information permits the second mobile device to detect proximity of the first mobile device. In some implementations, the information can be wirelessly transmitted by a proximity-activated wireless interface, such as, for example, a Near Field Communication (NFC) interface. In response to the information, the first mobile device receives a message and a first authentication value wirelessly transmitted from the second mobile device to the first mobile device. A second authentication value is generated at the first mobile device based on the message and the shared secret value. Integrity of the message is verified based on comparing the first authentication value and the second authentication value.
Network elements, wireless communication system and methods therefor
A radio access network element (101) obtains a permanent subscriber identity (IMSI) of a User Equipment (103) in an LTE wireless communication system (100) by sending a “fake” service reject message to a User Equipment which has attempted to attach to a cell (102) in a request for services message which includes its S-TMSI. The reject message may include a cause code which results in the UE attempting to attach again, this time using its IMSI. The fake service reject message may be generated in a an eNode B serving one or more macrocells or a evolved Home Node B serving a small cell.
Asset accessibility with continuous authentication for mobile devices
A mobile device may include a plurality of sensors and a processor. The processor may be configured to determine trust data for an asset based upon inputs from the plurality of sensors, determine whether an asset is accessible or not accessible based upon evaluating the trust data with a trust determination algorithm, and continuously update the trust data to continue to allow access to the asset or revoke access to the asset based upon the inputs from the plurality of sensors.
Methods and nodes for mapping subscription to service user identity
The disclosure relates to methods and nodes for mapping a subscription in a network (10) to a service user identity, wherein a communication device (12) accesses the network (10) using the subscription, and wherein the service user identity is used for accessing a service provided by the first network node (16). The method (30) comprises receiving (31), from the communication device (12) a request for a service, the request comprising an authenticated service user identity, providing (32), in response to the request, the communication device (12) access to the service, receiving (33), from the communication device (12), a message comprising a token identifying a mapping of the service user identity to the subscription, and verifying (34) that a service user identity obtained from the token corresponds to the service user identity used when providing access to the communication device (12).
IMS roaming service policies
A method including receiving, at a CSCF (Call Session Control Function) portion of a home network in which a mobile station is subscribed, an IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem) registration request from the mobile station via a visited network to which the mobile station is attached; establishing an SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) session between the mobile station and the CSCF server in response to the received IMS registration request; receiving, at the CSCF server, a SIP INVITE message from the mobile station during the SIP session, wherein the SIP INVITE requests use of a service; obtaining an identifier for the visited network; obtaining, in response to receiving the SIP INVITE message, a first roaming policy based on the identifier for the visited network; determining whether the SIP INVITE message is acceptable based on the obtained first roaming policy and the service requested by the SIP INVITE message; and sending a response for the SIP INVITE message to the mobile station, wherein the response is based on the determination whether the SIP INVITE message is acceptable.
Dynamic assignment of home agent and home address in wireless communications
Embodiments disclosed herein relate to providing dynamic assignment of home agent and home address in wireless communications, such that a mobile node away from home may receive local access services from a visited network. In an embodiment, a mobile node accesses a visited network. The visited network authenticates the mobile node with its home network. The visited network then assigns a visited home agent and a home address for the mobile node. The mobile node subsequently performs secure binding with the visitor home agent. The mobile node proceeds with communications using the visitor home agent and home address.
Method for device to device communication in a wireless communication system and apparatus therefor
The present invention relates to a Method for a device-to-device (D2D) communication in a wireless communication system. Specifically, when a terminal, which is performing a device-to-device communication while performing channel hopping, additionally performs the device-to-device communication with a new terminal, a channel hopping period of the existing device to device communication is configured by same time intervals for channels and one time interval among the same time intervals is configured to be identical to a channel hopping period for discovering a new terminal.
Server-assisted device-to-device discovery and connection
A method includes receiving, at a network node, a device-to-device D2D discovery request from a first device and sending a D2D discovery response from the network node to the first device. The D2D discovery response includes information associated with a second device that is available to establish a D2D connection with the first device. The network node may perform inquiries regarding D2D connection permission from both devices. If D2D connection is permitted by both devices, the network node may facilitate the D2D scanning by sending each device's scanning information to the other device via a non-D2D link. In parallel to D2D scanning, the network node may speed up D2D link setup by distributing, via non-D2D links, link setup information to each device, where the link setup information may include device credential(s), IP address allocation(s), and/or group owner assignment.
Network-assisted discovery method and apparatus for use in wireless communication system
A network-assisted discovery method and apparatus for facilitating Device to Device (D2D) communication in the wireless communication system is provided. The network-assisted discovery method of a terminal in a wireless communication system, the method comprising, broadcasting a discovery signal information in a discovery signal transmission duration of the terminal, receiving assisted discovery information from a base station, determining whether the assisted discovery information comprises the discovery information of the terminal and determining whether to transmit a discovery transmission request message to the base station based on the result of the determination. The network-assisted discovery method and apparatus of the present disclosure is capable of mitigating the problems caused by resource collision and reducing power consumption of the device in the D2D wireless communication system.
System and method for providing toll-free application data access
Toll-free application data network access is disclosed. A device for providing data connectivity includes a connection detector configured to receive a data connectivity request from an application installed on the device, a configuration manager for retrieving a configuration file for the application identified from the data connectivity request, the configuration file defining conditions to allow connectivity for the application under operator specific billing, and an authorization module configured to access the configuration file, tag the data connectivity request with a first tag if the data connectivity request matches the conditions of the configuration file, the tag being indicative of operator specific billing for the application, and leave the data connectivity request unchanged otherwise.
Providing information to a mobile device based on an event at a geographical location
A system, method, and non-transitory computer readable medium comprising instructions for receiving information about an event from at least one mobile device, the information comprising location information and event type information and identifying the event based on the information, the event being identified by associating the event type information with a specific event and associating the location information with a particular location associated with the specific event.
Method of controlling transmit power and electronic device therefor
A method for determining a transmit power level in an electronic device and the electronic device thereof are provided. The method includes activating an emergency mode, determining a transmit power level based on a condition, and transmitting an emergency message, including information associated with a request for rescue, with the determined transmit power level.
Method by which PSAPs can identify and request information from cellular devices that are near emergent events
When a PSAP receives a call from a cellular telephone in reference to an emergent event, the speed and quality of the response may be improved by the cellular service provider's provision to the PSAP of information that includes the geographic location of the caller's phone. In a typical scenario, in which the call is from a GPS-equipped phone, the GPS coordinates of the phone may be echoed back to the PSAP in response to a specialized open “ping” request from the service provider. Of particular advantage to this approach is that GPS ping requests typically work regardless of whether a call is in progress, as long as the phone is turned on.
Automatic distress alarming method and its system
An automatic distress alarming method includes that: A. a distress alarm automatically sends out a sound and light alarming signal; B. the distress alarm automatically sends a distress signal and a GPS signal to a mobile phone; C. the distress alarm sends out the distress signal and the GPS signal by a manual operation; D. a disconnected distress alarm sends out the distress signal and the GPS signal. And its system includes a microprocessor U1, a driving chip U2, a wireless transmitting module U3, a switching circuit of an angular rate sensor, a GPS circuit, a storage device, a reset button, a manual operation alarming switch, a manual operation communicating switch and a disconnecting alarming button.
Sending and receiving messages over wireless local area networks
A device may receive a text message or a multimedia message to be received by a receiving device. The message may be stored by one or more storage devices. The device may determine that the message is to be received by the receiving device via a wireless local area network (WLAN). The device may send, to the receiving device, a notification associated with the message. The device may identify a storage device, of the one or more storage devices, to provide the message to the receiving device. The device may manage a synchronization between the receiving device and the storage device via the WLAN. The synchronization may cause the message to be received by the receiving device. The device may receive an indication that the receiving device has received the message, and may provide closure information. The closure information may prevent the message from being delivered via a cellular network.
Detection of unauthorized wireless personal area network low energy devices
In an approach for determining an unauthorized device, a computer receives detection information from a computing device, wherein the detection information includes a broadcast transmission from one or more devices. The computer creates a state trajectory map based on the received detection information, wherein the state trajectory map identifies connections between at least the computing device and a first device of the one or more devices and the computing device and a second device of the one or more devices. The computer one or more anomalies within the created state trajectory map. The computer determines an unauthorized device based on the determined one or more anomalies.
System and method for providing notification based on location deviation
A server is configured to establish a communication session between electronic devices, receive first information about a time range and second information about a location range from a first electronic device, send third information to the first device, the third information being information about one or more users with whom a user of the first device establishes a human relationship, identify a user selected among the one or more users, store the first information and the second information in a database in connection with identifiers of the user and the identified user, monitor a location of at least one of the first device and a second device of the identified user based on the first and second information, and send, when one of the first or second device deviates from the location range, a notification message to the other one of the first or second device.
Provided herein are methods and systems relating to location-based services such as providing a geofencing, outputting location-based information on a mobile device, varying transmissions to and from a mobile device, and providing location-based alerts. More specifically, a method can include receiving data defining a geofence, monitoring a current location, comparing the current location with the geofence, determining that the current location is within the geofence, and in response altering the state of an application on the mobile device.
Methods and systems for creating and using a location identification grid
A method and system for generating a location identifier using a location code and a grid coordinate. The location code corresponds to a defined geographical area, such as a postal code or an area code. A grid coordinate can be determined based on destination location information, such as an address, a GPS-determined position, or other reference to a specific physical location. The location identifier is combined with the location code to generate a location identifier, which can be encoded in a computer readable format and placed on items for use in a distribution network. The location identifier can be used to facilitate domestic or international distribution of items using a common format or addressing scheme. The domestic and foreign distribution networks read and interpret location identifiers in order to deliver items.
Systems and methods for using spatial and temporal analysis to associate data sources with mobile devices
Various embodiments of the present technology generally relate to data delivery. More specifically, some embodiments of the present technology relate to systems and methods for using spatial and temporal analysis to associate data sources with mobile devices. The delivery of data to support a wide variety of services for and about mobile devices that are based on data stored in corporate, commercial, and government databases which is not currently linked to individual mobile devices. Some embodiments allow advertisers to better target their ads to relevant target audience with greater accuracy.
Systems and methods for adjusting wireless scan rates
The present disclosure relates to computer-implemented systems and methods for transmitting and receiving audio and video data. A method may include determining, by a device including one or more processors and a plurality of antennas, that the device is in an active state. The method may also include determining, via the plurality of antennas in response to a location request, location information associated with the device. Furthermore, the method may include receiving, from at least one sensor component included in the device, sensor information associated with the device. Additionally, the method may include determining, based at least in part on the location information and the sensor information, a scan rate adjustment event. The method may further include adjusting a current scan rate of the first antenna to a second scan rate.
Method and apparatus for mobile positioning
A method and system for determining a position of a UE includes a first network node receiving a request for positioning information about the UE. The first network node requests a first positioning procedure at a first location node. The first location node determines using the first positioning procedure that involvement by a second location node is needed. The first location node initiates a trigger for positioning information about the UE to be sent to the second location node. The second location node, upon receiving the trigger for positioning information and determining the presence of an environment measurement parameter, determines the position information of the UE by performing a second positioning procedure based on the environment measurement parameter, and sends a position calculation response with the positioning information.
Systems and methods for accessing content at an event
The accessing of event related content on a client device at an event techniques include a method, and non-transitory computer-readable storage medium. In some embodiments of these techniques, the method includes receiving a request to check-in to the event from the client device. The check-in request includes geographic location information of the client device. The method further includes determining whether the client device is located at a venue holding the event based on the received geographic location information of the client device and a first predetermined radius. The method further includes determining whether the event at the venue is in progress. The method further includes transmitting a first plurality of event information to the client device based upon determination that the client device is located at the venue and the event is in progress.
Wireless time of flight security, user authentication, and variable QoS position accuracy protocol
Systems and methods are directed to securely identifying positioning information and include a plurality of APs configured to facilitate wireless communications within a servicing area, an infrastructure entity, communicatively coupled to each of the APs, and configured to store and process subscription information, positioning information, QoS information indicative of resolution levels of the positioning information, and encryption/decryption information specific to each of a plurality of subscribing member wireless devices. As a wireless device enters the servicing area, the wireless device establishes a first level of communication with the infrastructure entity via at least one AP, and requests positioning information to the at least one AP which is then forwarded to the infrastructure entity. Upon verifying that the wireless device is a subscribing member, a second level of communication is established that securely provides position information to the wireless device, based on the encryption/decryption information specific to the wireless device.
Interleaving multiple bluetooth low energy advertisements
The present disclosure relates to broadcasting multiple packets at periodic intervals for receipt by other devices. A common device can transmit multiple beacon protocols simultaneously (i.e., an interleaving of different beacons), such that regardless of which protocol a receiving device supports, it may utilize advertisements from that common device (e.g., beacon). Thus, a single or common transmitting device may support multiple advertisements, such that the amount of hardware to be deployed in any network is reduced. Rather than deploying a device per beacon, a single device may be deployed and transmit multiple beacons.
Wireless entity tracking and protection
A method for tracking an entity is disclosed. In one embodiment, a plurality of messages conveying an identification of an entity are received using a wireless identification component. A geographic location of the wireless identification component is determined by a position determining component wherein the geographic location describes a respective geographic location of the wireless identification component when each of the plurality of messages is received. A geographic position of the entity is determined based upon a known spatial relationship between the position determining component and the wireless identification component.
System for securing an NFC transaction
Techniques for connecting using NFC communications are provided. Specifically, methods are presented, that when taken alone or together, provide a device or group of devices with a secure way of transferring data from a wireless device to a reader. The present disclosure includes a method that provides a wireless device with network connectivity options that enable a more secure means for using NFC communications for completing a secure transaction using a secondary code.
Methods for performing machine type communication for the purpose of coverage enhancement apparatuses and systems for performing the same
A method of performing a downlink machine type communication from a base station to a MTC (machine type communication) terminal includes, at the base station, transmitting at least one of a system information—the system information excluding a Master Information Block (MIB)—, a control information and data to the MTC terminal using a system bandwidth having a predetermined size. The base station performs frequency hopping using a frequency hopping pattern in a unit of narrow band on the at least one of the system information—the system information excluding a Master Information Block (MIB)—, the control information and the data to transmit to the MTC terminal, and the narrow band is less than the system bandwidth.
Transmitting mobile device data
Methods and apparatus, including computer systems and program products, for transmitting mobile device data are described. A method includes querying a first mobile device for data residing on the first mobile device; wirelessly transmitting, to a computer system, a specification of the data residing on the first mobile device; determining suitability of data for a second mobile device; and receiving, at the second mobile device, a specification of data for the second mobile device that is based on the specification of the data residing on the first mobile device. Another method includes wirelessly receiving, at a computer system, a specification of data residing on the first mobile device; and wirelessly transmitting, to the second mobile device, a specification of data for the second mobile device that is based on the specification of the data residing on the first mobile device.
Selective audio source enhancement
A selective audio source enhancement system includes a processor and a memory, and a pre-processing unit configured to receive audio data including a target audio signal, and to perform sub-band domain decomposition of the audio data to generate buffered outputs. In addition, the system includes a target source detection unit configured to receive the buffered outputs, and to generate a target presence probability corresponding to the target audio signal, as well as a spatial filter estimation unit configured to receive the target presence probability, and to transform frames buffered in each sub-band into a higher resolution frequency-domain. The system also includes a spectral filtering unit configured to retrieve a multichannel image of the target audio signal and noise signals associated with the target audio signal, and an audio synthesis unit configured to extract an enhanced mono signal corresponding to the target audio signal from the multichannel image.
Surround sound recording array
Provided herein is a multichannel sound recording array having an elongated body and a plurality of arms provided at fixed angles relative to a center position of a recording field to enhance sound localization in a surround sound recording.
A condenser microphone utilizes a PLL circuit which includes a phase shift oscillator having an RC network that uses an electrostatic capacitance of the condenser microphone unit varying upon reception of a sound pressure and a resistance value of a variable resistance element; a phase detection unit that compares phases of a fixed frequency signal from a reference signal oscillator and an oscillation output signal from the phase shift oscillator and outputs a phase difference signal corresponding to a phase difference; a loop filter that extracts a control signal when receiving the phase difference signal from the phase detection unit; and a driver circuit that changes a resistance value of the variable resistance element provided in the phase shift oscillator based on the control signal obtained from the loop filter. The control signal obtained from the loop filter of the PLL circuit is used as an audio output signal.
System and method for testing
The present disclosure provides a method for testing an apparatus which comprises a set of operational subunits each comprising a moving element, wherein the moving elements move between respective first and second extreme positions, the method comprising: transferring to the apparatus stabilization control commands; transferring to the apparatus first latching-commands for latching to the first extreme position a candidate moving element which is a moving element of a candidate operational subunit; when the first latching control commands are in effect, measuring a first output frequency of an oscillator whose output is coupled to the candidate operational subunit in an electrical coupling setup which causes the output frequency of the oscillator to depend on positions of a plurality of moving elements which comprises the candidate moving element; and based on the first output frequency determining a state of the candidate operational subunit.
Device, system and method for measurement of media consumption in digital media terminals
Example methods disclosed herein to monitor media presented by a media device include adjusting, with a circuit, an inbound audio signal input to the media device based on (i) a level of an outbound audio signal generated by the media device and (ii) a level of the inbound audio signal to produce an adjusted inbound audio signal. Such disclosed example methods also include combining, with the circuit, the adjusted inbound audio signal with a sampled version of the outbound audio signal to determine a return signal. Such disclosed example methods further include processing the return signal to determine first identification information to identify first presented media having an audio portion corresponding to the outbound audio signal generated by the media device.
Hearing aid adapted for embedded electronics
A hearing aid comprising a microphone, a receiver, hearing aid electronics coupled to the microphone and the receiver, and conductive traces overlaying an insulator, the conductive traces configured to interconnect the hearing aid electronics and to follow non-planar contours of the insulator. Examples are provided wherein the insulator includes a hearing aid housing.
Methods and apparatus for allocating feedback cancellation resources for hearing assistance devices
Disclosed herein, among other things, are methods and apparatus for allocating feedback cancellation resources for improved acoustic feedback cancellation for hearing assistance devices. In various embodiments, a hearing assistance device includes a microphone and a processor configured to receive signals from the microphone and process them according to a plurality of processing blocks. The processor is adapted to include an event detector that can provide detection of an event and an output to adjust one or more processing blocks of the overall process to more efficiently use resources of the processor for the event detected, in various embodiments.
Suspension for acoustic device
An acoustic device includes a diaphragm, a frame, and a suspension element that couples the diaphragm to the frame such that the diaphragm is movable in a reciprocating manner relative to the frame. The suspension element includes a first surround element and a second surround element that have respective inner landings between which a region proximal to an outer edge of the diaphragm is disposed. The inner landings are mechanically coupled by an adhesive material disposed along an inner periphery of the suspension element. The adhesive material has a viscoelastic response that increases stiffness as frequency increases, resulting in a shift of a first breakup mode of the acoustic device from a first frequency to a second, higher frequency.
Ear warming article including electronic device and easily interchangeable advertising areas
An ear warming article that can be comprised of a C-shaped resilient band, an outer sleeve and a speaker or other electronic device is described. The outer sleeve is dimensioned to contain the resilient band, and includes two insulating, ear-receiving portions as well as a first opening through which the resilient band can be inserted or removed to yield an assembled or disassembled article, respectively. In a preferred embodiment, the article includes an electronic device having one or more speakers located at the ends of the resilient band; additional openings in the outer sleeve may exist for any control functionality associated with the electronic device(s). The outer sleeve can be comprised of a washable fabric material, particularly suitable as a means for interchangeable advertising (team logo, branding, etc.). In other embodiments, the ear warming article includes additional advertising and/or securing features.
Audio content playback method and apparatus for portable terminal
An audio content playback method for a portable terminal The audio content playback method includes checking a channel that is supportable by audio content that is currently engaged in group's simultaneous playback, in group's simultaneous playback of the audio content. The method includes allocating a channel to each of devices included in a group based on position information of each device included in the group or based on an input state in a user interface environment that is preset for channel allocation for each device included in the group, and transmitting the allocated channel information to each device included in the group to allow the device to select its allocated channel and play the audio content.
Multi-channel multi-domain source identification and tracking
An audio source location, tracking and isolation system, particularly suited for use with person-mounted microphone arrays. The system increases capabilities by reducing resources required for certain functions so those resources can be utilized for result enhancing processes. A wide area scan may be utilized to identify the general vicinity of an audio source and a narrow scan to locate pinpoint positions may be initiated in the general vicinity identified by the wide area scan. Subsequent locations may be anticipated by compensating for motion of the sensor array and anticipated changes in source location by trajectory. Identification may use two or more sets of characterizations and rules. The characterizations may use computationally less intense analyzes to characterize audio and only perform computationally higher intensity analysis if needed. Rule sets may be used to eliminate the need to track audio sources that emit audio to be eliminated from an audio output.
A loudspeaker module includes a housing composed of a hollow spherical central section having a central cavity and a plurality of wing members extending from the spherical central section. Each of the plurality of wing members includes a wing member cavity in fluid communication with the central cavity of the spherical central section. A central driver mounting plate secures a low-frequency driver to an aperture formed in the spherical central section. A loudspeaker module may also include a mid-range/high-frequency driver where a full range of sound frequencies are desired.
A combined fan and loudspeaker element, comprising a motor driven rotor provided with wings or blades, wherein the wings or blades are adjustable in pitch resulting together with a rotation of the rotor in an air transport flow, said wings or blades having superimposed thereon a sound-pitch modulation corresponding to a desired sound-pitch with the rotation of the rotor.
Mobile terminal earphone line control circuit and line control method
An earphone wire control circuit and wire control method for a mobile terminal. The wire control circuit includes a circuit in the earphone and a circuit in the mobile terminal which are coupled via a signal wire. The circuit in the earphone includes a micro controller unit and an attenuation and microphone circuit coupled to the micro controller unit of the earphone. The circuit in the mobile terminal includes an audio analog input channel and an amplifier which are coupled in parallel. The amplifier is coupled to a micro controller unit of the mobile terminal via a wire. The micro controller unit of the mobile terminal is coupled to a central processing unit of the mobile terminal via a wire. The micro controller unit of the earphone includes a button detection module and a pulse-width modulation module.
A mobile terminal according to the present invention, if it is determined that external power is being supplied through an external charging port, a controller controls the power supply unit to charge the cable-type battery by using the external power. If it is determined that the external power is not supplied, the controller controls the power supply unit to charge the main battery by using a cable-type battery embedded in an earphone.
Scalable hybrid packet/circuit switching network architecture
Systems and methods for packet switching in a network, including two or more hybrid packet/circuit switching network architectures configured to connect two or more core level switches in the network architectures, the network architectures being controlled and managed using a centralized software defined network (SDN) control plane. An optical ring network may be configured to interconnect the two or more hybrid network architectures, and one or more hybrid electrical/optical packet/circuit switches configured to perform switching and traffic aggregation. One or more high-speed optical interfaces and one or more low-speed electrical/optical interfaces may be configured to transmit data.
Optical cross-connect device
An optical cross-connect apparatus optical nodes in an optical network, the optical nodes being mutually connected through internode connection optical fibers, the optical cross-connect apparatus having: optical cross-connect portions having internode connection input ports and internode connection output ports respectively connected to the internode connection optical fibers, and internal connection input and output ports, the optical cross-connect portions being connected such that an internal connection output port of a predetermined optical cross-connect portion is directly connected to an internal connection input port of another optical cross-connect portion and is indirectly connected via the another optical cross-connect portion to an internal connection output port of a further optical cross-connect portion, at least one optical cross-connect portion of the optical cross-connect portions including an internal connection input port and an internal connection output port for connecting to an optical cross-connect portion for expansion connected to none of the other optical cross-connect portions.
Polarization diverse wavelength selective switch
Described herein is a wavelength selective switch (WSS) type optical switching device (1) configured for switching input optical beams from input optical fiber ports (3, 5 and 7) to an output optical fiber port (9). Device (1) includes a wavelength dispersive grism element (13) for spatially dispersing the individual wavelength channels from an input optical beam in the direction of a second axis (y-axis). The optical beams propagate from input ports (3, 5 and 7) in a forward direction and are reflected from a liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) device (11) in a return direction to output port (9). The input optical beams are transmitted through a port selecting module (21), which provides polarization diversity to device (1) and provides capability to restrict optical beams returning from LCOS device (11) from being coupled back into input ports (3, 5 and 7).
Method for displaying electronic program guide, electronic device, and computer readable medium
A method for displaying an electronic program guide (EPG), an electronic device, and a computer readable medium are provided. After a guide enable signal is received, a program database is searched according to a current channel to obtain a current category corresponding to the current channel. The program database includes a plurality of categories, each category includes a plurality of channels, and each channel includes a plurality of programs. A program menu corresponding to the current channel is displayed according to a dependence relationship between the current category, the current channel, and the programs of the current channel in the program database.
Audiovisual content recommendation method and device
A method for facilitating the generation of recommendations of audiovisual content for a first user. The method comprises receiving data from a plurality of second users, the received data indicating audiovisual content of interest to the second users. The method further comprises processing the received data to automatically identify a plurality of relationships between interests of one or more of the second users in respective items of audiovisual content in the audiovisual content represented by the received data and generate a recommendation engine. The recommendation engine is adapted to take as input indications of audiovisual content of interest to the first user and to generate recommendations of further audiovisual content of interest to the first user based upon a subset of the plurality of relationships.
Network time-shift buffering, recording conversion, and content management
Methods and systems for managing content are disclosed. An example method can comprise monitoring a number of users accessing content, and recording a first segment of the content if the number of users accessing the content reaches a threshold value. A second segment of the content can be recorded based on a request to record the second segment of the content, and at least a portion of the recording of the first segment of the content can be associated with the recording of the second segment of the content.
Set-top box, system and method for providing awareness in a hospitality environment
A system and method for providing awareness in a hospitality environment are presented. In one embodiment, a vertical and horizontal array of set-top boxes is provided and each set-top box includes an identification corresponding to the room in which the set-top box is placed. Each set-top box includes a wireless transceiver that periodically transmits an identification beacon that is received by a proximate wireless-enabled interactive device. The proximate wireless-enabled interactive device, in turn, broadcasts data packets including an indication of the strength of set-top box identification signals received. The broadcasts are received by a server via an array of wireless routers. The location of the proximate wireless-enabled interactive device is determined based on the signal strength information in the data packets.
File generating method and file generating apparatus
A file generating method according to one aspect of the present disclosure is a file generating method for generating an MP4 file, the file generating method including: step S11 of acquiring an original file made in a file format different from MP4; step S12 of acquiring a difference file including data that is not included in the original file; step S13 of acquiring a procedure file indicating a procedure for generating the MP4 file; and step S14 of generating the MP4 file by combining the data included in the difference file and data included in the original file in accordance with the procedure indicated in the procedure file.
Systems and methods for networked music playback
Systems, methods, apparatus, and articles of manufacture to facilitate connection to a multimedia playback network are disclosed. An example method provides content to a local playback network. The example method includes identifying multimedia content from a content provider. The example method includes passing information regarding the multimedia content to a local playback system including one or more multimedia playback devices in response to a trigger. The example method includes facilitating play of the multimedia content via a local playback network associated with the local playback system.
Content delivery system with augmented reality mechanism and method of operation thereof
A content delivery system includes: a registration module configured to identify a registration type for calibrating a current location of a device; a tracker module, coupled to the registration module, configured to track a subject of interest based on a context; a source module, coupled to the tracker module, configured to determine an information source based on the registration type; and a content module, coupled to the source module, configured to generate an overlay content based on the information source for displaying the overlay content for the subject of interest on the device.
Synchronizing a video feed with internet content displayed on a second device
Synchronizing a video feed with internet content displayed on a second device is described. In some implementations, a first device (e.g., a set-top box) can receive a video stream, extract URLs from the video stream and transmit the URLs to a web server for storage. The web server can respond to requests from a web browser on a second device (e.g., a laptop, tablet computer, etc.) to get the URL associated with the video stream. The second device can use the URL to display internet content associated with the video stream.
Replacing video frames in a transport stream
It is presented a splicing device for replacing video frames in a transport stream. The splicing device comprises a processor; and a memory storing instructions that, when executed by the processor, causes the splicing device to: receive the transport stream comprising frames of a first program stream and frames of a second program stream, and replace at least one of the frames of the second program stream with frames of a replacement program stored in a storage encoded at a plurality of different bit rates, wherein the frames of the replacement program are selected of from the plurality of different bit rates to comply with a maximum bandwidth of the transport stream.
Advanced video coding and decoding chip and advanced video coding and decoding method
An advanced video coding and decoding chip and a method with a hardware design that calculates direct current coefficients in discrete-cosine-transformed residual blocks corresponding to sixteen sub-blocks within a macroblock and alternating current coefficients in the discrete-cosine-transformed residual blocks corresponding to the sixteen sub-blocks within the macroblock separately and in parallel.
Method and apparatus for encoding and decoding image through intra prediction
A method for decoding an image, the method including extracting an intra prediction mode of a current block, determining a number of neighboring pixels located on a left side of the current block or an upper side of the current block, and determining a location of one or more neighboring pixels, the intra prediction mode indicating a particular direction among a plurality of directions, the particular direction being indicated by using one of a dx number in a horizontal direction and a fixed number in a vertical direction, and the location of the one or more neighboring pixels being determined based on a shift operation.
Enhanced intra-prediction mode signaling for video coding using neighboring mode
This disclosure describes techniques for intra-prediction mode signaling for video coding. In one example, a video coder is configured to determine, for a block of video data, a set of most probable intra-prediction modes such that the set of most probable intra-prediction modes has a size that is equal to a predetermined number that is greater than or equal to two. The video coder is also configured to code a value representative of an actual intra-prediction mode for the block based at least in part on the set of most probable intra-prediction modes and code the block using the actual intra-prediction mode. The video coder may further be configured to code the block using the actual intra-prediction mode, e.g., to encode or decode the block. Video encoders and video decoders may implement these techniques.
Low complexity coding based on dynamic mode decision branching
Provided are techniques for low complexity video coding. For example, a video coder may be configured to calculate a first sum of absolute difference (SAD) value between a coding unit (CU) block and a first corresponding block in a reference frame, and define branching conditions for branching of CU sizes based on the first SAD value, the branching conditions including a background condition and/or a homogeneous condition. The video coder may be configured to detect the background condition if the first SAD value of the CU block is less than a first threshold background value, and detect the homogeneous condition if a second SAD value of a sub-block of the CU block is between upper and lower homogeneous threshold values based on the first SAD value. The branching of the CU sizes may be based on detecting the background or homogeneous conditions.
Encoding, decoding, and representing high dynamic range images
Techniques are provided to encode and decode image data comprising a tone mapped (TM) image with HDR reconstruction data in the form of luminance ratios and color residual values. In an example embodiment, luminance ratio values and residual values in color channels of a color space are generated on an individual pixel basis based on a high dynamic range (HDR) image and a derivative tone-mapped (TM) image that comprises one or more color alterations that would not be recoverable from the TM image with a luminance ratio image. The TM image with HDR reconstruction data derived from the luminance ratio values and the color-channel residual values may be outputted in an image file to a downstream device, for example, for decoding, rendering, and/or storing. The image file may be decoded to generate a restored HDR image free of the color alterations.
Apparatus and method for encoding image data
An apparatus for encoding an image data includes a sub-pixel rendering unit and a first differential pulse code modulation (DPCM) processing unit. The sub-pixel rendering unit converts first image data of an RGB type to second image data of an RG-BG type. The DPCM processing unit generates first differential data including primary differential values corresponding to respective sub-pixels. To perform this operation, the DPCM processing unit calculates a gray value difference from a neighboring sub-pixel for each of the sub-pixels based on the second image data.
Method, medium, and system encoding and/or decoding moving pictures by adaptively applying optimal predication modes
A method, medium, and system encoding and/or decoding a moving picture. The moving picture encoding method may include selecting a prediction mode that is optimal for the macro blocks, which correspond to each other, of the color components of a current image based on the characteristics of a predetermined image, generating a predicted image for the current image according to the selected prediction mode, and encoding a moving picture using the predicted image. An optimal prediction mode can be adaptively applied to the macro blocks, which correspond to each other, of the color components, thereby increasing the moving picture's encoding and decoding efficiencies.
POC value design for multi-layer video coding
In an example, a method of decoding video data includes decoding, by a video decoder, a first picture of multi-layer video data, where the first picture has a first picture type. The method also includes, based on the first picture having the first picture type, decoding, by the video decoder, data representative of picture order count (POC) most significant bits (MSB) value for the first picture.
Image coding device, image decoding device, image coding method, and image decoding method
When removing a block distortion occurring in a local decoded image, a loop filtering part 11 of an image coding device carries out a filtering process on each of signal components (a luminance signal component and color difference signal components) after setting the intensity of a filter for removing the block distortion for each of the signal components according to a coding mode (an intra coding mode or an inter coding mode) selected by a coding controlling part 1.
Programming architecture supporting mixed two and three dimensional displays
Applications are provided that contain code of a programming language enabling simultaneous display on a screen of both two-dimensional and three-dimensional content. Furthermore, development systems and program libraries supporting the same are provided. A first command is generated by first program code of an application. The first command directs a first configuration of a first region of the screen to support the three-dimensional content. A second command is generated by second program code of the application. The second command directs a second configuration of a second region of the screen to support the two-dimensional content. The display of the three-dimensional content is caused within the first region of the screen, and the display of the two-dimensional content is caused within the second region of the screen.
Image adjusting apparatus and method, image adjusting system, and non-transitory computer readable medium
An image adjusting apparatus includes the following elements. A set color temperature obtaining unit obtains a set color temperature which is set when a white image is displayed, in an image display apparatus. A maximum tone value calculator calculates a maximum tone value of a reference color when the displayed white image is changed into a white image corresponding to the set color temperature. A tone characteristic setting unit sets a tone characteristic of the reference color on the basis of the calculated maximum tone value. If the calculated maximum tone value is decreased from a maximum tone value before the set color temperature is set, the tone characteristic setting unit corrects, in a region in which a tone value of an input image signal is equal to or smaller than a predetermined value, the tone characteristic so that a tone value of an output image signal is increased.
Method and apparatus for compressive acquisition and recovery of dynamic imagery
A new framework for video compressed sensing models the evolution of the image frames of a video sequence as a linear dynamical system (LDS). This reduces the video recovery problem to first estimating the model parameters of the LDS from compressive measurements, from which the image frames are then reconstructed. We exploit the low-dimensional dynamic parameters (state sequence) and high-dimensional static parameters (observation matrix) of the LDS to devise a novel compressive measurement strategy that measures only the dynamic part of the scene at each instant and accumulates measurements over time to estimate the static parameters. This enables us to lower the compressive measurement rate considerably yet obtain video recovery at a high frame rate that is in fact inversely proportional to the length of the video sequence. This property makes our framework well-suited for high-speed video capture and other applications. We validate our approach with a range of experiments including classification experiments that highlight the purposive nature of our framework.
Image processing system, image processing apparatus, and image processing method to respectively display images obtained by dividing one image on first and the second display media
An image processing apparatus includes: a first acquiring unit that acquires a first pattern image including a prespecified pattern for being displayed on a display medium by a display unit; a second acquiring unit that acquires, as a second pattern image, a captured image obtained by capturing an image obtained by displaying the first pattern image on the display medium from a desired position except the front of the display medium; and an image processing unit that compares the first pattern image with the second pattern image, and deforms a target image according to a result of the comparison.
Colour lighting control method for improving image quality in a vision system
Provided is a color lighting control method including a lighting device having a plurality of lighting unit, the method including the steps of: (a) applying predetermined input voltages to the plurality of lighting units respectively and obtaining image data through the camera; (b) calculating an image histogram that is a distribution graph for displaying the number of pixels corresponding to each monochrome level intensity through the image data; (c) calculating a standard deviation of the image histogram; and (d) calculating an optimal input voltage value for each of the plurality of lighting units within an adjustment range of the predetermined input voltages, wherein the optimal input voltage value maximizes the standard deviation.
Frequency modulated burst mode transmitter and method
The present invention is directed towards a frequency modulated (FM) burst mode optical system that allows optical signals having a common wavelength provided by a plurality of FM burst mode optical transmitters to be passively combined onto a single optical fiber. A single FM optical receiver receives the combined signals and processes them accordingly. Each FM burst mode optical transmitter includes an FM modulator, a carrier detect circuit and a laser. The FM modulator modulates a carrier signal, such as a 1.21 GHz signal, with received reverse electrical signals. When a subcarrier signal is detected by the carrier detect circuit, the laser is turned and the frequency modulated carrier signal is used to intensity modulate a laser to provide an optical signal. Due to the burst-mode transmission of optical signals, the optical signals can be passively combined and transmitted to a single optical receiver.
Electronic device, information providing system, control method, and control program
According to one of aspects, an electronic device includes: a camera; a controller configured to determine whether a measured value of a healthcare device is included in an image captured by the camera; and a communication unit configured to transmit information related to the measured value to an information providing device when the measured value is included in the image.
System and method for optical fiber based image acquisition suitable for use in turbine engines
A system and a method for image acquisition suitable for use in a turbine engine are disclosed. Light received from a field of view in an object plane is projected onto an image plane through an optical modulation device and is transferred through an image conduit to a sensor array. The sensor array generates a set of sampled image signals in a sensing basis based on light received from the image conduit. Finally, the sampled image signals are transformed from the sensing basis to a representation basis and a set of estimated image signals are generated therefrom. The estimated image signals are used for reconstructing an image and/or a motion-video of a region of interest within a turbine engine.
Controlling automotive rear-view mirror based on eye movement
An approach is provided in which a rear view system provides a rear view video feed to a vehicle operator. The rear view system determines that an eye focus point of a vehicle operator is positioned in a camera angle change region for a predetermined amount of time and performs adjustments based upon the vehicle operator's eye focus point accordingly.
Using multiple exposures to improve image processing for autonomous vehicles
The invention relates to collecting different images using different camera parameters. As an example, a single camera may capture two different types of images: a dark exposure for light emitting objects and a normal exposure for passive objects. The camera may first capture an image. This first image may be processed to determine the ideal camera settings for capturing the average intensity of the environment. Fixed offset values may be added to these ideal camera settings and the dark exposure may be captured. The ideal camera settings are then used to capture a normal exposure, which in turn may be processed to determine new ideal camera settings. Again, the fixed offset values may be added to the new ideal camera settings and a dark exposure is captured. This process may repeat continuously and periodically, and the resulting images may be processed to identify emissive and passive objects.
Methods, systems and apparatuses to enhance broadcast entertainment
The present embodiments provide methods and systems to access additional, enhanced and/or interactive content associated with a broadcast program received over a closed broadcast network. Some embodiments provide methods of enhancing broadcast content by receiving broadcast content from a broadcast content source over a closed network, receiving a request to tune in a broadcast program, tuning in the broadcast program from the broadcast content, extracting a program identification of the broadcast program from the broadcast content, and communicating the program identification to a remote network access device to allow access over a network to additional content associated with the broadcast program.
Method for connecting a man-machine interface to a video conferencing system
The invention relates to a method for connecting at least one man-machine interface for manipulating, particularly remotely manipulating, at least one data source connected to a video conferencing system within the scope of video conferences, wherein signals generated by the man-machine interface are transmitted to the video conferencing system via a transmission channel provided for controlling a video camera. The invention further relates to an arrangement comprising means for carrying out the method.
System and method for providing image
A system and method for providing an image are provided. The image providing method includes: transmitting, to an external device, a first video image of a first resolution, which is converted from an original video image of an original resolution; receiving, from the external device, area information about an area of interest of the first video image of the first resolution; determining, based on the area information, an area corresponding to the area of interest, of the original video image of the original resolution, wherein the determined area is smaller than the original video image of the original resolution converting a part of the original video image of the original resolution to a second video image of the first resolution, wherein the part corresponds to the determined area; and transmitting the second video image to the external device.
Method and apparatus for biometric identification of a user in a broadcast communication receiver
In a method for identifying a user in a network of broadcast communication receivers, a physical characteristic of a user is analyzed in association with the user accessing a first of the receivers. First biometric information based on the characteristic as analyzed in association with the user accessing the first receiver is generated. Data associated with use of the first receiver by the user is also generated and associated with the first biometric information. The physical characteristic of the user is then analyzed in association with the user accessing a second receiver. Second biometric information based on the physical characteristic as analyzed in association with the user accessing the second receiver is generated. The first and second biometric information are then compared. If the first and second biometric information indicate the physical characteristic of the same user, the data is employed in conjunction with the user accessing the second receiver.
Method and apparatus for selecting a signal source
A method of selecting a signal input includes the steps of transmitting an audio signal to an audio input of a device that includes a plurality of audio inputs. A setting of the device is automatically advanced from a currently set audio input to another one of the audio inputs when the device does not output a signal associated with said audio signal.
Image pickup apparatus, image pickup system, driving method for the image pickup apparatus, and inspection method for the image pickup apparatus
The present invention relates to a technology for providing a selection unit configured to perform selection of a bit memory that holds a signal of a first bit of a digital signal from among a plurality of bit memories commonly in a memory unit in each of a plurality of AD conversion units.
Shared pixel with fixed conversion gain
An active pixel sensor comprising: a plurality of pixels, wherein each pixel includes a light sensitive element and a transfer gate, and the plurality of pixels have at least one floating diffusion region; and a plurality of processing circuits associated with the plurality of pixels; wherein each processing circuit comprises a charge amplifier.
Image sensors, methods, and pixels with tri-level biased transfer gates
An image sensor includes at least one pixel with a transfer gate that is controllable among at least three biasing conditions, including a first biasing condition in which electrons are transferable from a photodiode to a potential well under the transfer gate, a second biasing condition in which the electrons are confined in the potential well under the transfer gate, and a third biasing condition in which the electrons are transferable out of the potential well under the transfer gate. The pixel includes a p+ type doped barrier implant located at least partially under a portion of the transfer gate, and a pinned charge transfer barrier located on the opposite side of the transfer gate from the photodiode that includes a p+ type doped region and an n-type doped region. The image sensor can operate in a global shutter mode and/or a rolling shutter mode.
Pixels with a global shutter and high dynamic range
An imaging pixel may be provided with a photodiode and a floating diffusion region. The pixel may include at least one storage capacitor that can store charge from the floating diffusion region. The at least one storage capacitor may provide global shutter functionality for the pixel. Multiple storage capacitors may be provided for correlated double sampling (CDS) techniques and high dynamic range (HDR) images. The imaging pixel may have an upper substrate layer and a lower substrate layer. The photodiode may be formed in the upper substrate layer, and the storage capacitors may be formed in the lower substrate layer. A interconnect layer may couple pixel circuitry in the upper substrate layer to pixel circuitry in the lower substrate layer.
Image processing apparatus, image capturing apparatus, image processing method and storage medium storing image processing program
The image processing apparatus performs an image process on a first image produced by image capturing. The apparatus includes: a memory storing coefficient data containing coefficients to be used in an approximation function to approximate a PSF of an image capturing optical system, and a processor performs the image process. The processor produces an approximated point spread function by using the coefficient of the coefficient data corresponding to an optical state of the optical system in the image capturing and two of a pixel pitch of an image sensor, a kernel size of a filter to be used for a sharpening process on the first image and number of taps of the filter; produce the filter by using the approximated PSF; and produce a second image that is a sharpened image by applying the filter to the first image.
Method for reducing image fuzzy degree of TDI-CCD camera
The present invention belongs to the field of image processing, and particularly relates to the determination of an aerial remote sensing image fuzzy parameter and the elimination of aerial remote sensing image fuzziness based on a TDI-CCD camera. The method comprises the following specific steps: establishing an image coordinate system, reading an area array image, constructing a similarity matching criterion, conducting offset resolving to acquire homonymy points so as to obtain a digital image reducing the chattering influence. The method is relatively simple and precise in computing process, and good in processing effect.
Global display management based light modulation
A plurality of input images in an input video signal of a wide dynamic range is received. A specific setting of global light modulation is determined based on a specific input image in the plurality of input images. The specific setting of global light modulation produces a specific dynamic range window. A plurality of input code values in the specific input image is converted to a plurality of output code values in a specific output image corresponding to the specific input image. The plurality of output code values produces the same or substantially the same luminance levels as represented by the plurality of input code values. Any other pixels in the specific input image are converted to different luminance levels in the specific output image through display management.
Digital camera and exposure control method
A method performed by a digital camera includes calculating brightness of image data captured by an imaging device; determining whether the brightness of the image data is within a valid range for controlling a set exposure value of the imaging device; changing the set exposure value for each frame until the brightness of the image data becomes within the valid range, based on a difference between a first exposure value corresponding to a lower limit of the valid range and a second exposure value corresponding to an upper limit of the valid range; and after the brightness of the image data becomes within the valid range, controlling the set exposure value based on the brightness of the image data within the valid range and a valid exposure value corresponding to the brightness of the image data within the valid range.
Imaging device and control method for imaging device
An imaging device for performing inter-exposure zoom photographing in which a zoom operation is performed during an exposure period, comprising: a zoom control section that controls a zoom-lens driving section; a photographing control section that instructs photographing to an image sensor; and an operation control section that causes the zoom control section and the photographing control section to execute control at the same time so that the photographing control section causes the image sensor to perform continuous photographing in synchronization with controlling of the zoom control section by driving a photographing lens in a predetermined direction, the zoom control section causes the zoom-lens driving section to output the driving amount for operating the zoom driving in a direction opposite to the predetermined direction, and the photographing control section causes the photographing to be performed with a part of a zoom position during exposure overlapped.
Degradation control of display pixels for a high definition display
An apparatus includes a display and an image processing system. The display has an array of horizontal pixels and vertical pixels. The image processing system is configured to present an image on the display as a visible display array having a smaller size than the array and to shift the visible display array by at least one pixel.
System for stabilizing a positioner with motorized axes of an item of equipment, method and application
System for stabilizing a positioner of an equipment item, the positioner being oriented via an orientation command, and installed on a vehicle undergoing motions, the positioner including angular coders producing angular measurements and a set of gyrometric sensors producing measurements of rates of instantaneous rotation, and exhibiting biases, the positioner including a calculation unit with elements of intra-positioner slaving-correction of the instantaneous rates of rotation of the item using measurements and the orientation command to stabilize the item following the line of sight. The vehicle includes an element for measuring the attitude of the vehicle giving vehicle attitude measurements. The system includes calculation elements for controlling the positioner according to a control law to correct the biases by virtue of the vehicle attitude information and by implementing a state observer combining an estimation of attitude of an item and the measurements of rates of rotation of an item of equipment.
Image sensor with a plurality of light channels
An eye-mountable device includes an image sensor situated in a polymeric material configured to be mounted to a surface of an eye. The image sensor can be disposed on a substrate at least partially embedded in the polymeric material. The image sensor can include a photo-sensitive area occupied by a plurality of photo-sensitive elements. The photo-sensitive area is illuminated by light entering a plurality of light channels. Each of the light channels has a respective orientation such that light passes through a given light channel from a respective direction. A given portion of the photo-sensitive elements therefore receives light from a respective direction corresponding to the one of the light channels that illuminates it. The direction-specific measurements of received light obtained by the multiple photo-sensitive elements can thereby be used to form an image.
Detection of the presence of television signals embedded in noise using cyclostationary toolbox
A method for detecting the presence of a television signal embedded in a received signal including the television signal and noise is disclosed. Either first-order or second order cyclostationary property of the signals may be used for their detection. When the first-order cyclostationary property is used, the following method is used, the method comprising the steps of upsampling the received signal by a factor of N, performing a synchronous averaging of a set of M segments of the upsampled received signal, performing an autocorrelation of the signal; and detecting the presence of peaks in the output of the autocorrelation function. When the second order cyclostationary property of the signal is used, the method comprising the steps of delaying the received signal by a fixed delay (symbol time), multiplying the received signal with the delayed version, looking for a tone (single frequency) in the output.
Imaging device, medium type determining device, and image forming apparatus
An imaging device including a light source; a two-dimensional image sensor that receives reflected light from a subject containing specular light of the light source and outputs an image of the subject; a light transmission member disposed in an optical path of light emitted from the light source to the subject; and a light shielding unit that, when a position on the subject at which light from the light source is regularly reflected and enters the two-dimensional image sensor is defined as a first specular position, whereas a position on the light transmission member at which light from the light source is regularly reflected and enters the two-dimensional image sensor is defined as a second specular position, shields the light directed from the light source toward the second specular position without shielding the light directed from the light source toward the first specular position.
Color conversion table creation device and method, program, and recording medium
A color conversion table creation device includes an image reading unit, a first color conversion unit color-converting read image data using a first color conversion table indicating a correspondence relationship between signal values obtained by the image reading unit and chromaticity values, a second color conversion unit color-converting document image data into print image data using an input and output color conversion tables, an image association unit performing an association process for a positional relationship between each piece of read image data of a printed matter obtained according to print image data and a target printed matter or each piece of read chromaticity value image data converted into chromaticity values and the document image data, and a color conversion table creation unit creating a color conversion table to be used in the second color conversion table based on differences between chromaticity values of the target printed matter and printed matter.
Image composition apparatus and image composition method
An image composition apparatus according to the present invention comprising: an image acquiring section for acquiring first image data and second image data; a subtraction processing section for obtaining a difference value for each pixel for at least a part of the first image data and at least a part of the second image data; a filter processing section for applying filter processing based on a spatial frequency of an image to the difference value; and an image composition section for compositing at least a part of the first image data with at least a part of the second image data on the basis of an output of the filter processing.
System and method for stochastic vector halftoning of contone data in a printer having variable printing parameters
An inkjet printer implements a method for identifying values for parameters for pixels to be printed by the printer. The method uses thresholds in a stochastic screen with a set of functions for the parameter for each primary color supplied to the printheads in the printer to identify values for the parameters. The parameters can be, for example, a number of drops to print for a color, a size of the drops to eject to form a pixel, or the number of inkjets to operate to form the pixel.
Facsimile device configured to detect an identification image in a received fax, non-transitory storage medium, communication system configured to perform same
Disclosed is a non-transitory storage medium storing a communication program for causing a processor to execute a method including steps of receiving an input of facsimile data; determining whether an identification image is added to the received facsimile data; a step of retrieving, when the identification image is added, information indicating an association with different facsimile data from the identification image that is added to the facsimile data; storing the received facsimile data in a predetermined memory, wherein the received facsimile data is associated with the different facsimile data based on the retrieved information; generating, when the identification image is not added, the information indicating the association with the different facsimile data; and adding, to the facsimile data, the identification image that is generated based on the information indicating the association with the different facsimile data.
The present invention provides an electronic device that includes: a main body; an information processing device housed in the main body, the front face of a housing of the information processing device being installed on the back side of a panel of the main body; and a duct that leads the external air of the main body to the information processing device. The information processing device includes a fan that takes the external air from the back face opposite from the front face into the inside and discharges the air taken in to the outside from the front face. The duct is an air passage that leads the air from the outside of the panel of the main body to the back face of the housing of the information processing device.
Image forming apparatus
An image forming apparatus includes an exit tray, an image forming section, a print controller, a user identification section, a fetch sensor, and a notification managing section. The image forming section performs printing on a sheet and ejects the printed sheet onto the exit tray. The print controller causes the image forming section to perform printing. The user identification section identifies the user and manages log-in and log-out status of the user. The fetch sensor detects whether or not the ejected printed sheet is fetched. The notification managing section changes, based on the user log-in or log-out status at completion of printed sheet ejection onto the exit tray and based on whether or not the printed sheet ejected onto the exit tray is fetched, a content of a notification that is to be issued to the user after completion of printed sheet ejection.
Interface to facilitate browsing of items of visual content
A server is configured to identify items of visual content; assign the identified items to clusters; assign the identified items, of a particular cluster, to layers; generate a document that includes information regarding the identified items arranged according to the clusters and the layers; and provide the document. The document may include, for the particular cluster, a first item, corresponding to one of the identified items assigned to a first layer, and second items, corresponding to multiple ones of the identified items assigned to a second layer. The size of the first item may be greater than a size of each of the second items. The first item may be presented on top of the second items, within the document, to at least partially cover the second items, where at least one of the second items is at least partially visible within the document.
Display device, image forming apparatus, and display method
A control section includes a track detecting section, a pattern determining section, and a character string display section. The track detecting section detects a track of a touch point on a touch panel by a user. The pattern determining section determines whether or not there is a match between the track of the touch point detected by the track detecting section and any of a plurality of patterns stored by a storage section. Upon the pattern determining section determining that there is a match, the character string display section reads a character string from the storage section that is associated with a pattern determined to match the track of the touch point from among the plurality of patterns. The character string display section causes pasting and display of the character string in an input region displayed by a display section.
Control apparatus, control method, and non-transitory computer-readable storage medium
A control apparatus includes a setting unit that sets information on a print medium for a paper feed unit, a determination unit that, if the setting unit sets the information on the print medium, determines whether the set information on the print medium can be reflected in a setting condition for a specific mode, and an update unit that, if the determination unit determines that the set information on the print medium can be reflected, updates the setting condition for the specific mode to the information on the print medium.
Information processing system, information processing apparatus, and information processing method
An information processing apparatus is provided that includes a first selection unit configured to select a workflow for executing at least one process with respect to data; an acquisition unit configured to acquire from a terminal, which includes an access function for accessing a storage service, authentication information used by the terminal upon using the storage service; and an instruction unit configured to instruct an execution of a communication process of exchanging the data with the storage service using the authentication information acquired by the acquisition unit in a case where the workflow selected by the first selection unit includes the communication process.
Macroeconomic and predictive analytics based on toll-free number utilization
A predictive analytics model, that provides for overlaying indexing techniques and enriching the data with public domain and customer sentiment data to provide representation of a macroeconomic trend. Analysis of toll-free telecommunications data, such as call volume data to toll-free numbers owned by key federal agencies, month over month, may be used to develop an indicator of economic events, trends and correlates.
System and method for routing communications
A system and method that includes receiving a communication request of an account, the communication request including communication properties; identifying at least two routing options of a route priority list, the routing options capable of completing the communication request and identified according to a priority heuristic; generating a communication cost from the communication properties; and upon receipt of the routing response and the communication cost response, executing a communication with a routing option of the routing priority list and committing a cost of the communication to the account.
Method and apparatus for unidirectional summing of group auditory data
A first group auditory data stream, from a transmitting subscriber device of a first group of subscriber devices or from a dispatch console and intended for the first group of subscriber devices, is received at a conference server. The conference server determines whether the first group auditory data stream generated for the first group of subscriber devices is of interest to a second group of subscriber devices, and if so, sums the first group auditory data stream with a second group auditory data stream intended for the second group of subscriber devices to form a summed group auditory data stream. The conference server then forwards the summed group auditory data stream towards the second group of subscriber devices and forwards the first group auditory data stream towards the first group of subscriber devices.
Expert based customer service
In a crowd sourcing approach, responses to customer service inquiries are provided by providing the inquiries to an independent group of experts. These experts are typically able to resolve the inquiry before the inquiries are routed to a traditional contact center. The customer service inquiries are routed to specific experts based on matches between identified subject matter of the inquiries and expertise of the experts. In some embodiments, more than one expert can contribute to the resolution of an inquiry.
Customer controlled interaction management
A system and method for managing interactions of a customer contact center. A contact center processor receives a request to reserve a contact center resource for handling an interaction. The processor also receives data about the interaction. The processor identifies a routing point for routing the interaction based on the received data. The routing point is associated with routing logic controlled by a customer instead of the contact center. The processor routes the interaction to the identified routing point for giving the customer control of the routing of the interaction.
System and method for telephone communications on the internet
METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR TELEPHONE COMMUNICATIONS ON THE INTERNET comprising a central server (1) and at least one web page server (2) connected to the Internet (I), with pages accessible from a user's computer (3) to contact with an agent (5) related to the web, and a PBX (7) or private automatic branch exchange connected to the central server (1) as a means for establishing communication. where the central server (1) controls the allocation of a DDI (4) to the web page server (2) by associating it with a unique PIN code (6) in order to establish a communication session, and the PBX (7) manages through the central server (1) and automatically the establishment of the communication between the DDI (4) and the user's telephone (8) that calls said DDI (4) and provides the PIN code (6).
Call initiated service session
A method and system for providing a service session using a call include: initiating a first call between a caller and a callee according to a callee address record; establishing a voice communication session during the call; modifying the caller address record; and initiating a second call between the caller and the callee according to the modified callee address record. A behavior of the second call differs from a behavior of the first call. In one embodiment, the callee address record is modified according to a modification request. In one embodiment, the callee address record includes at least one session initiation entry. The session initiation entry includes a session address attribute with information for establishing the communication session, a session communication method with a protocol used for the communication session, and a session data attribute with data information for sending over the communication session based on the session address attribute.
Apparatus and method for generating a graphical representation to motivate employees in a call center
An apparatus, method and non-transitory computer readable medium for generating a graphical representation to motivate a plurality of employees in a call center are disclosed. For example, the apparatus includes a display comprising a plurality of pixels, wherein each one of the plurality of pixels represents one or more of the plurality of employees, a computer-readable medium storing the graphical representation and a processor in communication with the display and the computer-readable medium, wherein the processor receives an indication from an endpoint device of one of the plurality of employees when the one of the plurality of employees achieves a call center objective and the processor causes a pixel of the plurality of pixels associated with the one of the plurality of employees to turn on in accordance with the graphical representation, wherein the graphical representation comprises a pixel art shape.
Medical alert and monitoring for the hearing impaired
An illustrative method includes receiving, by a processor of a computing device, a request to initiate a call from a portable electronic device. The call is a communication across a communication network. The method also includes initiating, by the processor of the computing device, the call. The call connects the portable electronic device to an emergency response service. The call also utilizes a relay service.
Electronic card delivery and communication channel integration
Personal information, such as professional information normally associated with a business card may be identified and appended to a messaging sequence to provide automated user profile updates. One example embodiment may transmitting an initiation message from a service provider to a user device to initiate a communication session, transmitting a request message to the user device to accept contact information associated with the service provider, receiving a confirmation message responsive to the request message, transmitting the contact information responsive to receiving confirmation of the request, and automatically initiating a contact information update on the user device.
Communication monitoring systems and methods
A computerized system comprising: (a) a compliance server adapted to receive an audio feed of a telephone conversation; (b) an identification module adapted to compare said audio feed to a database of voice prints and identify participants in said telephone conversation; and (c) an analysis module adapted to ascertain a subject of said telephone conversation.
Method, device and mobile terminal for automatic recording
The present disclosure discloses a method, a device, and a mobile terminal for performing automatic recording. The method comprises: obtaining content of an ongoing call; performing a recording operation on the content of the ongoing call, and saving a recording of the content of the ongoing call in a predefined region of a system ring buffer. The technical solutions provided in the present disclosure solve the problems of troublesome manual recording adjustments and excessive waste of system resources arising from recording valueless call content, thereby improving user experience.
Methods and devices for prompting calling request
The present disclosure relates to a method for prompting a calling request and a device for the same, which belong to the field of electronic technology. The method includes: receiving a calling request from a second terminal during a call session with a first terminal, the calling request carrying a communication identification of the second terminal; inquiring whether the first user information corresponding to the communication identification of the second terminal is in a contact list stored in local; and converting the first user information to corresponding first audio data through an audio transformation according to the first user information, and playing the first audio data during the call session.
System and method for call treatment using a third party database
Systems and methods which detect unauthorized, impermissible, or otherwise undesired call activity through the use of one or more third party databases are shown. For example, a controlled environment facility information management system may access a database external thereto, such as a victim notification database, which is created and maintained by a third party unrelated to the controlled environment facility. Such third party database access may be accomplished at the point of call validation or caller verification for determining the treatment of the call (e.g., allowed, blocked, allowed with limitations, etcetera). Such call treatment determinations may be made with respect a particular prisoner or other resident of the controlled environment facility making the call, may be made with respect to all calls made from a particular controlled environment facility, may be made with respect to a group of controlled environment facilities, etcetera.
Selectively providing content to users located within a virtual perimeter
Based on wireless communication between a mobile device and at least one beacon, a present physical location of a mobile device can be identified. Responsive to determining that the mobile device is located at a particular physical location, at least a first message can be communicated to the mobile device. The first message can specify at least one application to be disabled while the mobile device is present at the physical location. Responsive to receiving from the mobile device a response to the first message indicating that the at least one application is disabled, the mobile device can be authorized to establish presence on a network maintained for the physical location.
Secure remote actuation system with operable cloud-based network
A secure remote actuation system with a cloud-based network that performs a remotely-initiated operation is described herein. The system may comprise a remote input receptor and a network. The remote input receptor may comprise a user interface for receiving user inputs from a user. The network may comprise a combination of computer systems interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables allowing information to be exchanged. The network may also comprise a network device for obtaining the user inputs from the remote input receptor. One or more acceptable inputs may be stored on the network. In the present invention, the network device obtains the user inputs from the remote input receptor while the user is using the user interface, compares the user inputs to the acceptable inputs, and performs an operation.
Wireless communication device and antenna search method thereof
A wireless communication device for linking to an electronic device and including at least one antenna array and a control circuit is provided. The control circuit groups the at least one antenna array to obtain a plurality of test groups. In a scanning operation, the control circuit selects one of the test groups to be a specific test group. In a setting operation, the control circuit groups the specific test group, and re-obtains the plurality of test groups according to the grouped specific test group. The control circuit searches at least one optimal antenna for linking to the electronic device from the at least one antenna array through the scanning operation and the setting operation.
Wave-shaping assembly for speaker and microphone performance enhancement in mobile computing, telephony, and other electronic devices
An assembly for mobile electronic devices enhances audio by shaping the direction of emitted waves. Such a wave-shaping assembly is retractable so as to be flush or nearly flush with a surface of a mobile electronic device, and is extendable for playing audio to a listener more than a certain distance away from the mobile device. The wave-shaping assembly is suitable for voice, music, and other audible sound effects. The length and width of the extension of the wave-shaping assembly is variable, depending on the application and the industrial design of the mobile electronic device. The wave-shaping assembly is included either as a feature at time of manufacture, or as an added, optional attachment to a mobile electronic device.
Optimizing audio processing functions by dynamically compensating for variable distances between speaker(s) and microphone(s) in an accessory device
An accessory device having multiple speakers and/or microphones to perform a number of audio functions, for use with mobile devices, are provided. The audio transducers (e.g., microphones and/or speakers) may be housed in one or more extendable and/or rotationally adjustable arms. To compensate for the unwanted signal feedback between the speakers and microphones, acoustic echo cancellation may be implemented to determine the proper distance and relative location between the speakers and microphones. Acoustic echo cancellation removes the echo from voice communications to improve the quality of the sound. The removal of the unwanted signals captured by the microphones may be accomplished by characterizing the audio signal paths from the speakers to the microphones (speaker-to-microphone path distance profile), including the distance and relative location between the speakers and microphones. The optimal distance and relative location between the speakers and microphones is provided to the user to optimize performance.
Accessory for use with electronic device and cover
An electrical accessory for use with a portable electronic device and with a protective cover for the portable electronic device is provided. The electrical accessory includes a body, an electrical connector, and electrical circuitry. The body includes a back portion and a bottom portion. The back portion is slidably attachable to the back of the protective cover to removably affix the electrical accessory to the back of the protective cover. The bottom portion is adapted to be proximate the bottom of the protective cover when the electrical accessory is removably affixed to the protective cover. The electrical connector is affixed to the bottom portion of the body of the electrical accessory. The electrical connector is positioned to electrically interconnect to an electrical port of the portable electronic device when the electrical accessory is affixed to the protective cover and when the portable electronic device is installed in the protective cover.
Client-side rendering for virtual mobile infrastructure
A virtual mobile infrastructure performs client-side rendering by intercepting and redirecting screen data for generating a screen image of a remote mobile operating system from a server computer to a mobile client device. The mobile client device receives the screen data and generates the final screen image of the remote mobile operating system. The screen data include drawing application programming interface (API) calls to generate surfaces for applications running on the remote mobile operating system and data for compositing the surfaces together. The mobile client device makes the drawing API calls to generate the surfaces and generates the final screen image of the remote mobile operating system by compositing the surfaces in accordance with the compositing data.
Method, client device and server of accessing network information through graphic code
The present disclosure provides a method, a client device and a server of accessing network information through a graphic code. The method comprises: receiving an access request from a client, where the access request includes information of a graphic code; querying and obtaining, in a server, display information and action instruction that is configured in correspondence with the information of the graphic code in the access request; and performing a corresponding action in the display information according to the action instruction information to obtain an access result of the graphic code. The disclosed method simplifies operations of a user without waiting for the user's step-by-step operation requests, and further simplifies a handling process of the server. In addition, this method of directly returning an access result of a graphic code to a client fulfills an intention of a publisher of the graphic code.
Method and apparatus for content selection based on personal profiles
A content selection server including a processor configured to receive personal preference information from a plurality of personal media devices, select content based on the personal preference information, and provide playback of the content.
Resource server providing a rapidly changing resource
A computing device is provided that supports receipt and processing of blocks of streamed data associated with an event and provision of pre-rendered and compressed events to event client systems with a high-throughput. The computing device includes a compression optimizer module that determines how to make new compressed blocks of the right level of compression as the blocks of streamed data are received from an event publishing system. The compression optimizer module utilizes a tree map and unique identifiers to selectively compress, read, and recompress the blocks of streamed data associated with each event. To prevent duplicate work in compressing the streamed data, compressed blocks are re-used where possible to support requests from the event client systems. Each new block includes a unique identifier defined by the event publishing system that generated the event, so that a previous version of the event in a compressed block can be replaced.
Enhanced shared memory based communication driver for improved performance and scalability
Enhanced shared memory based communication driver for improved performance and scalability is described. An example method includes creating a shared memory segment for a database server instance. The database server instance and a client reside on a same computing device. A first database connection is established to the database server instance using a pre-configured communication end point. An identifier of the shared memory segment for the database server instance is sent to the database server instance and the database server instance listens to subsequent connection requests generated on the shared memory segment. Moreover, a second database connection to the database server instance is established using the shared memory segment as a communication end point. Upon a successful connection of the second database connection, the first database connection is closed.
Method and apparatus for tagging multimedia data
A method and apparatus tag multimedia data with a related comment. In the method, the apparatus receives a request for uploading or downloading the multimedia data, and checks whether there is at least one related comment linked to the multimedia data. Then, the apparatus automatically tags the at least one related comment to the multimedia data if there is the at least one related comment, and uploads or downloads the multimedia data tagged with the at least one related comment.
Techniques to generate mass push notifications
Techniques to generate mass push notifications are described. In one embodiment, for example, an apparatus may comprise a submission component, a query component, a delivery component, and a record update component. The submission component may be operative to receive a message bundle, the message bundle comprising a message and a query. The query component may be operative to compare the query to a plurality of recipient records to determine a plurality of recipient records matching the query, each of the plurality of recipient records corresponding to a particular installation of a particular application onto a particular device. The delivery component may be operative to broadcast the message to a plurality of installed applications corresponding to the plurality of recipients records matching the query. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Methods and apparatuses for determining a user identity token for identifying user of a communication network
User identity token for identifying a user of a communication network A first node (13), e.g., a policy controller of a communication network, receives a request (101) from a second node (15), e.g., an application server for providing a service in the communication network. The request (101) includes a transport address assigned to a user of the communication network. Further, the first node (13) accesses mapping data (31) relating the transport address to a subscription identity of the user and determines a user identity token which is mapped to the subscription identity of the user and masks the subscription identity. The first node (13) then sends a response to the second node (15). The response (102) includes the user identity token.
Publish-subscribe messaging in a content network
A plurality of subscribers are registered to receive, from a publisher component, at client devices, via a broker component, at least one of messages and content pertaining to a first topic. Each of the subscribers is caused to generate one of N random numbers. A different one of the N random numbers is generated by each of the subscribers. Each of the subscribers is instructed to listen only for the messages and content pertaining to the first topic and corresponding to the corresponding one of the N random numbers. The at least one of messages and content pertaining to the first topic are published to those of the subscribers associated with each one of the N random numbers, number by number, until the at least one of messages and content pertaining to the first topic has been published to all of the plurality of subscribers.
Providing a sensor composite service based on operational and spatial constraints
Mechanisms are provided for generating a composite service. A request to generate the composite service is received that identifies a geospatial region of interest for the composite service. One or more types of components needed to generate the composite service are determined and, for each component of a plurality of components of the one or more types of components, a corresponding spatial coverage characteristic is determined. A subset of components, from the plurality of components, is selected based on the spatial coverage characteristics of the plurality of components and the geospatial region of interest. The composite service is then generated based on the selected subset of components from the plurality of components.
Virtual remote functionality
Novel tools and techniques are described for providing remote control of consumer electronics devices, and, more particularly, to tools and techniques for providing virtual remote control of consumer electronics devices that do not have dedicated remote controllers.
Integrated cloud storage service through home gateway
Provided is a method of providing an integrate cloud storage service through a home gateway communicating with smart devices through a first network formed by the home gateway and communicating with cloud storages through a communication network. The method may include obtaining information on cloud storage accounts associated with a smart device, as cloud storage account information, upon generation of a predetermined event associated with the smart device, generating an integrated cloud storage list based on information on folders and data of cloud storages accessible by the cloud storage account information, and providing the generated integrated cloud storage list to the smart device.
Clear in-memory business data cache across servers without restarting servers
Embodiments of the invention provide systems and methods for updating cache data on multiple servers without requiring a restart of those servers. More specifically, embodiments of the present invention provide an ability for an application to clear one or more cached tables when the table content has been modified. The cache can be refreshed across servers without impacting the active transactions of end users. So for example, during a business process such as the general ledger period close the system will no longer need a system restart to update cached period information.
Method for synchronizing local clocks in a distributed computer system
The invention relates to a method for synchronizing local clocks in a distributed computer network, where said computer network consists of a number of components that are connected to each other via bi-directional communication links, characterized in that a) an a priori configured set of components of the network generates synchronization messages and sends these synchronization messages to the network, and b) an a priori configured set of components consumes the generated synchronization messages, and c) one or more message-relaying components in between a component that generates a synchronization message and the component that consumes the synchronization message will add a delay value to the synchronization message reflecting the delay imposed by the message-relaying component, d) a component that is configured to consume a synchronization message will delay a received synchronization message upon reception for a duration that is calculated by an a priory configured value for the maximum transmission delay (“Maximum Transmission Delay”) minus the value of the sum of all delay values added to the received message before further usage of the message in the synchronization process of said component.
Methods and systems for delegating group ownership for the formation of a new group
Disclosed are methods and systems for devices in peer-to-peer networks to form a new group using information sent by a group owner in a previous group session. In some embodiments, a method of delegating group ownership from a first device to a second device for the formation of a new group includes: determining the second device will be the group owner of the new group during a current group session; broadcasting to devices in the current group session that the second device will be the group owner of the new group; dissolving the current group session; and forming a new group with the second device as group owner.
Group coordinator device selection
Embodiments described herein involve selecting a group coordinator device for a group of media devices of a networked media playback system. One of the media devices in the networked media playback system may be a group coordinator device configured to provide media content and playback timing information to other media devices in the group for synchronized playback of media content. Selection of the group coordinator device may involve performing an evaluation of one or more parameters associated with each of the one or more media devices in the media playback system, determining that a particular media device is the most suitable group coordinator devices, and causing the particular media device to become the group coordinator device.
Multi-streaming multimedia data
A method for multi-streaming multimedia content data over a network to affiliated client devices is provided. A manifest including a list of Universal Resource Indicators (URIs) for different segments of multimedia content data for selected primary multimedia content and a list of URIs for different segments of multimedia content data for at least one alternate multimedia content related to and different from the selected primary multimedia content is built and made available for download over the network with a transfer protocol. Synchronization of display of the selected primary multimedia content on a primary display and display of the at least one alternate content on the at least one auxiliary client device is thereby enabled. A system for streaming multimedia data over a network to affiliated client devices is also disclosed.
Dynamic partitioning of instances in distributed streaming platform for real-time applications
Software for a distributed streaming platform monitors a first operator instance in a container for an application running on a distributed streaming platform over a networked cluster of servers. The first operator instance includes an input port that receives streaming windows from an upstream instance and an output port that emits streaming windows to a downstream instance. And the monitoring includes determining a window identifier for a streaming window which the first operator instance is processing. The software reports results of the monitoring to a master and receives a dynamic adjustment from the master. The dynamic adjustment includes launching a second operator instance of the same operator in the container. The software resumes a flow of streaming windows into the input port and the output port according to first recovery policy for the first operator instance and a second recovery policy for the second operator instance.
Broadcasting video based on user preference and gesture
In an example embodiment, a gesture indication is received from a mobile device, the gesture indication having been generated by the mobile device in response to a user gesture on a user interface of the mobile device with respect to a video currently being recorded by the mobile device. Then a social network service is accessed to obtain a listing of one or more potential visitors to view the video, the listing being automatically generated based at least partially on user preferences set by a user of the mobile device. Availability notifications are issued to the one or more potential visitors in the listing. A visit request is received from one of the one or more potential visitors. In response to the receiving of a visit request, the video currently being recorded is broadcast to the potential visitor corresponding to the visit request.
Failure detection manager
A network device is configured to receive information regarding a group of content streams and determine a buffer size for each of the content streams. The network device is further configured to receive the content streams from one or more encoding devices. The network device is further configured to buffer an amount of each of the content streams based on the respective buffer size. The network device is further configured to send a first content stream to a user device. The network device is further configured to determine that the first content stream has a quality of experience issue and send the second content stream to the user device.
Real-time streaming media playing method and real-time streaming media playing system
A real-time streaming media playing method is provided. Firstly, plural type data, plural internet radio station data and plural address data from an internet server are stored into a digital media server. Then, an active control device is connected to the digital media server. Consequently, a playing list containing the plural internet radio station data of the internet server and plural address path data corresponding to the plural address data is generated. According to the playing list, the plural address data are acquired by the active control device or a digital media renderer. According to the plural address data, a corresponding real-time streaming media file is played by the active control device or the digital media renderer.
Methods and apparatus for an integrated incubation environment
A method includes providing a first party and a second party access to an integrated incubation environment (e.g., a multi-tenant system) residing on a server; storing, on the server, information relating to a collaborative project, wherein a first portion of the information is received from the first party, and a second portion of the information is received from the second party; and presenting the information to the first party and the second party over a network using at least one social network component.
Analysis of multi-modal parallel communication timeboxes in electronic meeting for automated opportunity qualification and response
A mechanism is provided for a time data capsule from an electronic conference. Operations include identifying meeting input sources related to the electronic conference, capturing respective data of the meeting input sources from a start through an end of the electronic conference, and maintaining and creating timestamps for the respective data that is captured. The timestamps are associated with the respective data. Operations include aligning the respective data along a timeline according to the timestamps associated with the respective data from the meeting input sources, converting the respective data into text equivalents and/or text descriptions with the timestamps retained, and identifying a trigger during the electronic conference that causes a timebox to be created with a beginning and an ending time. The operations include extracting the respective data for the timestamps that correspond to the timebox, and creating a package with the extracted respective data from the meeting input sources.
Notification of communication events
A network element of a communication provider comprises transceiver apparatus arranged to receive a request message from an originating endpoint via a packet-based communication network; and processing apparatus configured to generate, in response to the request message from the originating endpoint, a push notification relating to a communication from the originating endpoint intended for a destination endpoint, the communication to be conducted over the packet-based network. The transceiver apparatus is arranged to send the push notification to the destination endpoint over the packet-based network. The processing apparatus is further configured to generate the push notification with a payload comprising an indication of an image representing an originating user, to be output by the destination endpoint in a user notification notifying a destination user regarding the communication. At least the indication of the image is determined and inserted into the payload of the push notification at the network element.
Connection model-based control of concurrent connection count and properties
A connection request including a connection model key and a partner system attribute of the partner system requesting a connection is received at an application server from a partner system. Using a predefined connection model, as determination is made as to whether the received connection model key and the received partner system attribute respectively match a configured connection model key and a configured authorized partner system attribute within the predefined connection model. In response to determining that the received connection model key and the received partner system attribute match the respective configured connection model key and the configured authorized partner system attribute within the predefined connection model, a connection is created that includes a first unique connection name derived from the received partner system attribute.
Cloud data protection
A cloud data protection system protects cloud data of an enterprise. A protection policy for the enterprise is established by an administrator of the enterprise. The protection policy describes one or more types of cloud data protection to provide to the enterprise's cloud data. The cloud data protection system examines the protection policy to identify cloud data associated with the enterprise to access in order to implement the policy, and uses a personality object to retrieve the identified cloud data from one or more cloud services. The cloud data protection system performs one or more protection actions on the retrieved cloud data. The protection actions can include scanning the cloud data for malicious software, for compliance with a data loss prevention policy, or for data matching a discovery specification. The protection actions can also include archiving or backing up the cloud data.
Configuring and providing profiles that manage execution of mobile applications
Various aspects of the disclosure relate to configuring and providing policies that manage execution of mobile applications. In some embodiments, a user interface may be generated that allows an IT administrator or other operator to set, change and/or add to policy settings. The policy settings can be formatted into a policy file and be made available for download to a mobile device, such as via an application store or to be pushed to the mobile device as part of a data push service. The mobile device, based on the various settings included in the policy file, may perform various actions to enforce the security constraints that are represented by the policy. The various settings that can be included in a policy are numerous and some examples and variations thereof are described in connection with the example embodiments discussed herein.
Cloud application control using man-in-the-middle identity brokerage
A cloud-based method, a system, and a cloud-based security system include receiving a request from a user for a cloud application at a proxy server; determining whether the user is authenticated based on a presence of cookies in the request; if the cookies are present, un-transforming the cookies by the proxy server and forwarding the request with the un-transformed cookies to the cloud application; and, if the cookies are not present, forwarding the request to the cloud application by the proxy server for authentication and transforming the cookies subsequent to the authentication prior to sending the cookies to the user.
Managing and accounting for privacy settings through tiered cookie set access
Tiered management of privacy settings is disclosed. In one example, such management entails defining privacy tiers respectively corresponding to privacy levels. Cookies are then associated to the privacy tiers to accommodate the management of browsing activity according to the relevant tier. Additionally, different sets of private information are respectively associated to the privacy tiers. This provides for the management of browsing activity using the privacy tiers, the cookies and the different sets of private information. In this fashion, the association of a given cookie to a given privacy tier dictates a given set of private information to be provided to another party in connection with a given browsing activity.
Systems and methods for encoding the core identifier in the session identifier
The present invention is directed towards systems and methods for managing SSL session persistence and reuse in a multi-core system. A first core may indicate that an SSL session established by the first core is non-resumable. Responsive to the indication, the core may set an indicator at a location in memory accessible by each core of the multi-core system, the indicator indicating that the SSL session is non-resumable. A second core of the multi-core system may receive a request to reuse the SSL session. The request may include a session identifier of the SSL session. In addition, the session identifier may identify the first core as an establisher of the SSL session. The second core can identify from encoding of the session identifier whether the second core is not the establisher of the SSL session. Responsive to the identification, the second core may determine whether to resume the SSL session.
Systems and methods for evaluating networks
A computer-implemented method for evaluating networks may include (1) identifying an initial set of recorded packet performance data that describes an instance of an attempt to establish a network connection path between an original node and a subsequent node in a network, (2) detecting, by a software security system, a network anomaly based on comparison data resulting from a comparison between the initial set of recorded packet performance data and an additional set of recorded packet performance data that describes another instance of an attempt to establish a network connection path between the original node and the subsequent node, and (3) performing, by the software security system, and in response to detecting the network anomaly based on the comparison between the sets of packet performance data, a security action to protect the computing device. Various other methods, systems, and computer-readable media are also disclosed.
Protecting address resolution protocol neighbor discovery cache against denial of service attacks
In one embodiment, a device (e.g., switch or registry) maintains a binding table for all internet protocol (IP) addresses in a particular subnet associated with the device, and in response to receiving a neighbor solicitation (NS) lookup message from a router for a particular address, determines whether the particular address is within the binding table. When the particular address is not within the binding table, the device causes the router to not store the particular address in a neighbor discovery (ND) cache at the router (e.g., by responding to clear the cache, or ignoring to prevent state from being created). In another embodiment, the ND-requesting router ensures that the particular address is not kept in an ND cache at the router in response to the device indicating that the particular address is not within its binding table (e.g., an explicit response to clear, or absence of instruction to store state).
Mitigation of distributed denial-of-service attacks
A method and apparatus for mitigating a distributed denial-of-service attack are disclosed. In the method and apparatus a first set of data received from a computer system and addressed to a server is monitored over a first interval to determine whether one or more conditions for limiting computer system data are met. As a result of the one or more conditions for limiting the computer system data being met, a limit is placed on a second set of data provided to the server over a second interval. It is then determined whether one or more conditions for removing the limit are met and as a result of the one or more conditions for removing the limit being met, the limit is removed over an interval subsequent to the second interval.
System and Method for mitigating TOC/TOU attacks in a cloud computing enviroment
A computer system, method, and computer program product for mitigating TOCTOU attacks, which includes: as processor requesting measurements representing operation of a first process on a host that is untrusted and based on the requesting, obtaining the measurements, which include a checksum that is a result of a second process executing checksum code to verify at least one last branch record on the host. A processor also determined, based on the measurements, whether the first process was compromised.
Detecting deviation from a data packet send-protocol in a computer system
A determination is made as to whether an attempt to send a data packet from a computer system has deviated from an established protocol for sending data packets from the computer system is made. The determination includes obtaining a data structure describing the data packet, and, based on invocation of a function to deliver the data packet to a module of a stack of the computer system, the module interfacing network hardware for sending the data packet, checking for presence of a tag placed in the data structure by a component of the stack and indicative of whether the attempt to send the data packet has deviated from the established protocol. Processing is then performed based on the determination of whether the attempt has deviated from the established protocol.
Virus-release-date-based priority virus scanning
A method for more efficiently scanning files for viruses includes determining a vulnerability date associated with a virus, wherein the vulnerability date is related to a release date of the virus. In certain embodiments, the vulnerability date is a user-tunable amount of time before or after the release date. The method further determines, on a storage system, which files that have been updated since the vulnerability date. These files are scanned for the virus in a first batch. The method further determines which files have not been updated since the vulnerability date. These files are scanned for the virus in a second batch. Because files in the first batch have been updated since the vulnerability date, scanning the first batch may be given priority over scanning the second batch. A corresponding system and computer program product are also disclosed.
Obtaining suspect objects based on detecting suspicious activity
A device may detect a suspicious activity. The device may automatically obtain a suspect object from a client device that is associated with the suspicious activity and based on detecting the suspicious activity. The suspect object may be an object that is possibly associated with the suspicious activity. The device may determine that the suspect object is malicious. The device may perform an action based on determining that the suspect object is malicious.
System and method of analyzing web addresses
A system and method are provided for identifying active content in websites on a network. One embodiment includes a method of classifying web addresses. One embodiment may include a method of generating a score indicative of the reputation, or likelihood that a web site associated with an uncategorized URL contains active or other targeted content based on an analysis of the URL. In certain embodiments, the score is determined solely from the URL string. Other embodiments include systems configured to perform such methods.
Network filtering apparatus and filtering method
An apparatus filters data received through a network and outputs the filtered data to a protection target device. The apparatus includes a processor to execute a process including: comparing the received data with a predetermined pattern and outputting a result of comparison, the predetermined pattern being one of a plurality of patterns that are given to a test device configured to estimate a behavior of the protection target device, the target device exhibiting a predetermined behavior to the predetermined pattern; and intercepting the received data when the result of comparison is a positive result that indicates intercepting the data.
Advanced persistent threat detection
A variety of techniques are disclosed for detection of advanced persistent threats and similar malware. In one aspect, the detection of certain network traffic at a gateway is used to trigger a query of an originating endpoint, which can use internal logs to identify a local process that is sourcing the network traffic. In another aspect, an endpoint is configured to periodically generate and transmit a secure heartbeat, so that an interruption of the heartbeat can be used to signal the possible presence of malware. In another aspect, other information such as local and global reputation information is used to provide context for more accurate malware detection.
Analytics-based security monitoring system and method
An analytics-based security monitoring system includes instructions that may be executed by a computing system to receive data in the form of event logs from one or more network devices transferred through a computing environment, detect a plurality of behavioral characteristics from the received event logs, identify behavioral fragments composed of related behavioral characteristics, and identify an attack by correlating the behavioral fragments against patterns of known malicious attacks. The analytics-based security monitoring system may then perform a learning process to enhance further detection of attacks and perform one or more remedial actions when an attack is identified.
Private discovery of electronic devices
The disclosed embodiments provide a system that facilitates communication between a first electronic device and a second electronic device. During operation, the system uses the first electronic device to create a discovery request comprising a first group identifier (ID) associated with the first electronic device, wherein using the first electronic device to create the discovery request involves encrypting the first group ID and including the encrypted first group ID in the discovery request. Next, the system transmits the discovery request to the second electronic device, wherein the discovery request is used by the second electronic device to generate a discovery response to the discovery request.
Methods and systems for network-based management of application security
To control privileges and access to resources on a per-process basis, an administrator creates a rule that may be applied to modify a process's token. The rule includes an application-criterion set and changes to be made to the groups and/or privileges of a token. The rule is set as a policy within a group policy object (GPO), where a GPO is associated with one or more groups of computers. When a GPO containing a rule is applied to a computer, a driver installed on the computer accesses the rule(s) anytime a logged-on user executes a process. If the executed process satisfies the criterion set of a rule the changes contained within the rule are made to the process token, and the user has expanded and/or contracted access and/or privileges for only that process.
Storage count verification system
A storage count verification system is provided in which a client can verify the number of identical data items stored by a server without the server being notified of the results. A storage count verification system verifies whether a user device and a server device have identical data where search data requested by a user device is used to search data to be searched on a server device. The server device generates a public parameter for searching the data to be searched and transmits the generated public parameter to the user device. The user device is provided with a user generation unit for generating, on the basis of the public parameter received from the server device, a secret parameter that is for the search data and corresponds to the public parameter and a user encryption unit for encrypting the search data on the basis of the generated secret parameter.
Inter-application delegated authentication
Disclosed is a system for delegating authentication of an untrusted application executing on a client device. For delegated authentication, an untrusted application relies on a trusted application executing in the same environment for authentication purposes. The delegated authentication process avoids requiring the user of the untrusted application to provide authentication credentials. The disclosed system for delegating authentication enables any trusted application executing in the same computing environment to authenticate the untrusted application.
Methods, systems, and media for providing access control for a computing device
Methods, systems, and media for providing access control for a computing device are provided. In some implementations, methods for providing access control for a computing device are provided, the methods comprising: receiving a first request to authenticate the computing device from a first sender device; authenticating the computing device based at least in part on the first request; transmitting a session identifier and a session key to the first sender device; receiving an application identifier associated with the sender device from the computing device; determining, using a hardware processor, whether a sender application executing on the sender device is valid based at least in part on the application identifier; and transmitting the session key to the computing device in response to determining that the sender application is valid.
Information processing system, information processing apparatus, storage medium and information processing method
A non-limiting example game system includes a game apparatus which is stored with various kinds of application programs. When an application program for a specific service such as a television program guide (program guide program) is started, prior to an acquisition of a content (webpage), an authentication of the game apparatus is performed, and a white list which records a domain name accessible by the game apparatus (the program guide program) is acquired from a managing server which is controlled by a provider of the television program guide. In the program guide program, it is determined whether or not a domain name described in URL of the webpage appears in the white list when a request to send the webpage is to be sent. If not appeared in the white list, the program guide program is suspended, and a web browser is activated to send the request to send the webpage.
Communication system, communication device, key management apparatus, and communication method
A communication system includes a first communication device, a second communication device, and a key management apparatus. The second communication device generates a random number, generates encrypted data using an encryption key, encrypts the random number, generates key information data, and transmits the key information data, identification information of the second communication device, and the encrypted data to the first communication device. The first communication device receives the key information data, the identification information, and the encrypted data, transmits the key information data and the identification information to the key management apparatus, receives the encryption key from the key management device, decodes the encrypted data and obtains the predetermined data using the received encryption key. The key management apparatus receives the key information data and the identification information, decodes the key information data, acquires the random number, and transmits the encryption key to the first communication device.
Protecting sensitive information using a trusted device
The invention relates to information processing field, and discloses a method for protecting sensitive information, comprising: receiving first information transmitted by an untrusted device, where the first information enables the sensitive information to be transmitted from a trusted device to a server; receiving the sensitive information input by a user; generating second information based on the first information and the sensitive information; encrypting at least the sensitive information in the second information with a first secret key, wherein the first secret key meets one of the following: the untrusted device does not know the first secret key; and the untrusted device knows the first secret key but is unable use the first secret key to decrypt the encrypted sensitive information; and transmitting the second information containing the encrypted sensitive information to the untrusted device for forwarding to the server indicated by the first information.
Computerized method and system for managing secure content sharing in a networked secure collaborative exchange environment with customer managed keys
In embodiments of the present invention, improved capabilities are described for securely sharing computer data content between business entities as managed through an intermediate business entity, where the secure sharing process utilizes encryption provided by the intermediate business entity but where the encryption keys used in the encryption are at least in part managed through one of the business entities as customer managed keys.
Limiting rate of MAC address change in wireless modem
A method includes receiving a command to change a medium access control (MAC) address associated with a wireless local area network (WLAN) apparatus; and changing the medium access control address, without restarting a wireless modem of the apparatus, only if a restriction on an allowed rate of medium access control address changes is not violated. An apparatus that operates in accordance with the method is also described.
Methods and gateways for processing DNS request
Methods and systems for processing Domain Name Service (DNS) request in a gateway with a plurality of WAN network interfaces. After receiving a first DNS request via one of network interfaces of the gateway, the gateway selects at least one DNS server and at least one access network and then transmits a plurality of new DNS requests to the selected at least one DNS server through the selected at least one access network and via one of network interfaces of the gateway.
Selective message republishing to subscriber subsets in a publish-subscribe model
According to one exemplary embodiment, a method for selectively resending a first message in a publish-subscribe message distribution model is provided. The method may include receiving the first message having a first message ID associated with the first message. The method may include sending the first message to a plurality of subscribers. The method may include receiving a rolled back first message. The method may include determining if the first message ID matches a second message ID associated with a second message. The method may include creating a first subscriber list associated with the first message. The method may include storing the first message in a data structure. The method may include appending a second subscriber list associated with the second message with a subscriber. The method may include sending the second message to the first subscriber or the first message to the first subscriber.
Systems and methods for clustering electronic messages
Systems and methods for clustering electronic messages are disclosed. In some implementations, a method includes, at a computing device, responsive to a determination that a message body of a first electronic message satisfies a set of content-based clustering rules associated with a first message cluster, assigning the electronic message to the message cluster. A cluster graphic is displayed for the message cluster. The cluster graphic is characterized by (a) a first state in which messages in the message cluster are individually depicted and (b) a second state, which replaces the first state upon user input and collectively represents a plurality of messages in the message cluster. Each message in the message cluster is either (i) addressed at least to a first recipient or (ii) originates from the first recipient.
Method and apparatus for composite user interface generation
A system for directing messages between a composite user interface and at least one source application. A message is to be directed to a predetermined set of services, each service executes a command specified by the message and the message comprises details of the predetermined set of services. Each service in the predetermined set of services uses said details to determine whether the message should be sent to another service, and if it is determined that the message should be sent to another service transmits the message to an appropriate service.
System and method for communicating among members of meeting groups
A system and method for communicating at least one message between users is provided. The method includes the steps of transmitting, to a plurality of users, data configured to display at least one graphical user interface configured to facilitate users to organize and join a plurality of meeting groups associated with a plurality of in-person meetings or events; transmitting, to at least one user of the plurality of users, information identifying at least one predetermined communication; and in response to only a single action performed by the at least one user, transmitting the at least one predetermined communication to at least one other user of the plurality of users.
Managed forwarding element with conjunctive match flow entries
Some embodiments provide a method for a managed forwarding element that processes packets by comparing packet header field values of the packets to flow entries arranged in several tables. The method identifies a flow entry matched by the particular packet in a first table of the plurality of tables. When the matched flow entry in the first table belongs to one of several dimensions of a conjunctive set of flow entries, the method searches at least a second additional table for a flow entry matched by the particular packet that belongs to another of the several dimensions of the conjunctive set of flow entries. When flow entries from each of the several dimensions are matched by the particular packet, the method performs an action specified by a particular additional flow entry referenced by the matched flow entries from the several dimensions of the conjunctive set of flow entries.
Methods and systems for managing bandwidth usage among a plurality of client devices
A method of managing bandwidth usage among a plurality of client devices is provided. A request is received at a first device from a second device. The request is to transfer a file between the first device and the second device and includes an identifier of the second device. A client group associated with the second device is determined based on the identifier and used to select a bandwidth usage policy. A data transfer rate for transferring the file between the first device and the second device is determined based on the selected bandwidth usage policy and a bandwidth usage at the first device associated with a plurality of devices. A number of bytes to transfer is determined based on the determined data transfer rate and a time period. A response, which includes the determined number of bytes and the time period, is sent to the second device.
Switch for scheduled time-sensitive data egress
Systems and methods for scheduling data egress using a time-sensitive (TS) network switch. The TS network switch may include a functional unit, a plurality of ports, and a plurality of queues. Each port may be associated with a set of network addresses for TS packets and may be configured with a set of egress periods. Each queue may be associated with a TS packet type and a port. The functional unit may be configured to receive TS packets asynchronously from a network node via a first port, determine a second port for egressing a TS packet, determine an egress period for egressing the TS packet, determine that the TS packet cannot currently be egressed from the second port, queue the TS packet in a first queue, where the first queue is associated with the second port, and egress the TS packet in the respective time window from the second port.
Method for scaling address lookups using synthetic addresses
Various examples of the present disclosure provide methods for unifying various types of end-point identifiers, such as IPv4 (e.g., Internet protocol version 4 represented by a VRF and an IPv4 address), IPv6 (e.g., Internet protocol version 6 represented by a VRF and an IPv6 address) and L2 (e.g., Layer-2 represented by a bridge domain (BD) and a media access control (MAC) address), by mapping end-point identifiers to a uniform space (e.g., a synthetic IPv4 address and a synthetic VRF) and allowing different forms of lookups to be uniformly handled. In some examples, a lookup database residing on a switch device can be sharded into a plurality of lookup table subsets, each of which resides on a different one of multiple switch chipsets (e.g., Tridents) in the switch device.
Strict queue ordering in a distributed system
Methods and systems for implementing strict queue ordering in a distributed system are disclosed. A plurality of messages are distributed to a plurality of queue servers based on strict order parameters for the messages. Messages that share a strict order parameter are distributed to a respective one of the queue servers. Sequence identifiers are assigned to the plurality of messages at the queue servers. Each sequence identifier indicates a respective position in a message sequence for a corresponding one of the strict order parameters. The respective position is based on a time of receipt at the queue server. The plurality of messages are enqueued based on the sequence identifiers.
Systems and methods for multipath load balancing
A computer-implemented method for multipath load balancing may include (1) identifying a plurality of paths from a source switch to a destination switch, (2) determining, for each of the plurality of paths, a limiting bandwidth of the path based at least in part on the lowest link bandwidth of one or more data links in the path, and (3) balancing network traffic that is transmitted from the source switch to the destination switch across the plurality of paths based at least in part on the limiting bandwidth of each of the plurality of paths. Various other methods, systems, and computer-readable media are also disclosed.
Data communication method and data communication system
A data communication method includes determining by a first terminal apparatus that is included among plural terminal apparatuses capable of direct communication with one another, whether a communication volume of data received from a second terminal apparatus that is included among the terminal apparatuses exceeds a processable communication volume; and transmitting by the first terminal apparatus to the second terminal apparatus, a portion of the data of a given communication volume, when the communication volume of the data exceeds the processable communication volume.
MAC address prefixes used on virtual machine hosts
A hypervisor running on a host machine identifies a first media access control (MAC) address prefix associated with the host machine, wherein the first MAC address prefix comprises one or more bits that are shared by MAC addresses for virtual machines hosted by the host machine. The hypervisor configures the host machine to filter packets based on a first MAC address prefix filter, wherein the first MAC address prefix filter passes packets addressed to MAC addresses that have the identified first MAC address prefix. The hypervisor assigns MAC addresses having the first MAC address prefix to a plurality of virtual machines that will be hosted by the host machine.
The embodiments described herein provide a video router with integrated control layers and a method of operating the same. The video router includes line cards and fabric cards coupled to a controller communication network. The line cards and fabric cards include crosspoint switches and card controllers. Each card controller controls the operation of the corresponding crosspoint switches. Each crosspoint switch includes a plurality of input switch terminals and output switch terminals coupled to a backplane, providing signal communication paths between the line and fabric cards. The configuration of at least some of the crosspoint switches may be controlled by the controller on the same card or on other cards. The video router may include a switch configuration table to track the coupling of input and output terminals through each of the cross-point switches.
Goal-based network routing
A device receives network information associated with a network to be planned and including a multiple traffic requirements for the network, and identifies the multiple traffic requirements in the network information. The device allocates a first route in the network for a traffic requirement of the multiple traffic requirements, and determines that a second route for at least one other traffic requirement, of the multiple traffic requirements, is removed based on the route for the traffic requirement. The device allocates a third route in the network for the at least one other traffic requirement, and allocates additional routes in the network for remaining traffic requirements of the multiple traffic requirements. The device generates a network plan for the network based on the first route, the third route, and the additional routes allocated in the network, and outputs or stores the network plan.
Route optimization using measured congestion
A flow based routing method and apparatus selects a path from a plurality of different paths for assignment to a flow. The path is selected based on a traffic performance measurements which identify relative congestion and performance of the different paths, so that traffic flows can be diverted away from network congestion points, thereby allowing network resources to be load balanced at a flow granularity. The present invention may be configured on physical or virtual links on an NE to enhance the forwarding of packets using the primary link and one or more alternate links to any given destination.
Systems and methods for determining network topologies
A controller may control client switches in a network including client and non-client switches. The controller may maintain a link discovery table including entries that identify links between client switches. The controller may classify the links as direct or broadcast links. To classify links of the link discovery cable, the controller may direct client switches to send broadcast and directed discovery packets from switch ports. Client switches that receive the discovery packets from other client switches may forward the discovery packets to the controller. The controller may use the discovery packets to classify the links of the link discovery table. The controller may classify ports as broadcast or regular ports based on the classified links. Non-client broadcast domains of the network topology may be identified from the broadcast ports using the broadcast and direct links of the link discovery table.
Pseudowire (PW) switching type-length-value (TLV)
A method and apparatus for providing information in a network by way of a Pseudowire switching TLV is presented. A second device in the network receives a first message having information relating to a first device in the network. The second device appends information relating to the second device (by way of a Pseudowire switching TLV) to the first message, resulting in a second message. The second message is then forwarded to a third device in the network.
Systems and methods for testing network connections of a centrally-controlled network
A computer network testing process to determine whether, given a network node that is unreachable by communication attempts from a controller on a control-plane network, the network node is still functioning to forward data packets on a data-plane network, or if the network node is fully non-functional on both the control-plane network and data-plane network. In order to make this determination, the testing process identifies a network node that is still reachable by the controller on the control-plane network, identifies a route between the controller and unreachable node, passing through the reachable node, and constructs an encapsulated test packet that is sent along this route. In response to sending the encapsulated test packet, the controller may, upon receipt of a confirmation packet, determine that the unreachable node is still functional on the data-plane network, or if no confirmation packet is received, mark the unreachable node as fully non-functional.
Patent latency monitoring in software-defined networks
In a software defined network having switches including first and last switches and intermediate switches, wherein a default routing path exists between the first and last switches, a system and method are provided for computing path latency. The method includes inserting a respective monitoring rule(s) in each switch, mandating for each switch, forwarding a received rule matching packet to a next switch, and further mandating for the first switch and the last switch, sending a PacketIn message to a controller. The method includes inserting, in each switch, a respective monitoring probe(s) matching the respective monitoring rule(s) in a same switch to initiate mandates specified by the respective monitoring rule(s) in the same switch responsive to an arrival of the packet thereat. The method includes time-stamping the PacketIn messages to generate PacketIn timestamps, aggregating the PacketIn timestamps, and estimating the path latency from an aggregation of PacketIn timestamps.
Method and node arrangement for providing more accurate estimation of data path conditions
The present invention relates to a method and node arrangement for evaluating available conditions of a data path between a sending node and a destination node in a data communications network by means of an active measurement process comprising one or more measurement sessions. The data path and sending node comprises a sending node interface. The method involves performing a measurement session of said data path for determining a measurement result, and estimating one or more available conditions of a data path using the measurement result and one or more initial parameter values as input in a calculation algorithm. The method further comprises setting one initial parameter value for the calculation to a maximum bandwidth capacity based on the lowest bandwidth capacity value of the interfaces of both nodes sending said probe packet sequences during said measurement session.
System and method for determining and visualizing efficiencies and risks in computing environments
A system and method are provided for determining and visualizing efficiencies and risks in computing environments. The method comprises obtaining resource utilization data and resource capacity data for a plurality of entities in a computing environment; obtaining at least one operational policy defining at appropriate level of at least one resource used by the computing environment according to at least one factor; and computing at least one score quantifying efficiencies and risks associated with the computing environment based on the resource utilization data, resource capacity data, and at least one operational policy.
Method for switching of a device, M2M platform and network system
Embodiments of the present invention disclose a method for switching of a device, an M2M platform and a network system. The method includes: a machine-to-machine M2M platform receives a re-registration message including a position of a device in a network service capability layer NSCL resource tree before registration and a position of the device in the resource tree of the NSCL after registration; the M2M platform generates mapping relationship between the position of the device in the resource tree of the NSCL before registration and the position of the device in the resource tree of the NSCL after registration. By way of the present invention, the problem in the prior art can be solved in a manner of re-registration.
Managing user privileges for computer resources in a networked computing environment
Approaches for automatically managing user privileges for computer resources based on determined levels of expertise in a networked computing environment (e.g., a cloud computing environment) are provided. In a typical approach, a user profile associated with a prospective user of a set of computer resources in the networked computing environment may be accessed. The user profile may include information pertaining to a skill level of the prospective user with respect to the set of computer resources. Based on the information contained in the user profile, an expertise level of the prospective user with respect to the set of computer resources may be determined, and a corresponding score may be calculated. Based on the score, a level of user privileges for the set of computer resources may be provided.
Framework supporting content delivery with rendezvous services network
A framework supporting content delivery includes a plurality of devices, each device configured to run at least one content delivery (CD) service of a plurality of CD services. The plurality of CD services include rendezvous services forming one or more rendezvous service networks.
Configuring method and device relying on management rules
A system has a rules engine for applying rules for managing appliances in the system. Each rule defines at least one action to be executed when at least one condition is fulfilled. To define a rule, a configuring device is used for: obtaining for each appliance descriptions of possible states and executable functions; transcribing the descriptions as semantic expressions; supplying the semantic expressions to a user interface; enabling a user, via the user interface, to define at least one rule from at least one condition, on the basis of the semantic expressions of states, and at least one action, on the basis of the semantic expressions of functions; and transcribing each management rule, defined semantically via the user interface, as instructions interpretable by the rules engine.
System and method for automatically deploying a network design
A system and method for automatically deploying a network design is provided. Design deployment may be automated by a system that receives a machine-readable network design as an input, validates design topology requirements, and automatically deploys the design over actual hardware elements without manual intervention. Thus, the system and method provided may eliminate errors and streamline network design deployment, which may be particularly useful in a network characterized by a complex design, which may be difficult and tedious to configure manually.
De-congesting data centers with wireless point-to-multipoint flyways
In one embodiment, a source top-of-rack (ToR) switch may identify multiple destination ToR switches from a group of ToR switches to send data traffic to. The source ToR switch may be connected to the group of ToR switches via a base network. The system may determine whether each destination ToR switch is suitable for receiving data transmission via a point-to-multipoint wireless flyway. The two or more destination ToR switches that are determined to be suitable may be considered flyway candidate ToR switches. The system may establish the point-to-multipoint wireless flyway between the source ToR switch and the flyway candidate ToR switches. The system may then transmit the data traffic from the source ToR switch to each of the flyway candidate ToR switches via the point-to-multipoint wireless flyway.
System and method for managing service characteristics
The present invention provides a system and a method for managing an expanded service characteristic bundle, which solve the problem that the WAB of a Web layer lacks the capabilities of modularization. The method comprises: obtaining a basic characteristic bundle identifier and a resource request path according to a Web resource request, wherein, the resource request path is the path of a resource required to be obtained in a service characteristic bundle; obtaining existing basic characteristic bundles and service characteristic bundles, and screening out the service characteristic bundle having a mounting identifier identical to the basic characteristic bundle identifier obtained from the Web resource request; storing the mounting identifier in the service characteristic bundle for designating a basic characteristic bundle to which the service characteristic bundle is to be mounted; and loading the screened service characteristic bundle according to the resource request path, and returning the obtained resource.
Method and system for provisioning specification subsets for standards-based communication network devices
A communication protocol specification is divided into subsets of parameters based on patterns established by equipment vendors. A combination of subsets is selected based on parameters and features supported by particular network devices installed in a network. A user interface facilitates convenient creation or modification of a configuration file, which instructs a network device how to format a communication message and what information is to be contained therein.After the configuration file is loaded into a device, it controls software switches in the device such that features and parameters corresponding to the parameters selected with the user interface and controlled by the switches are either enabled or disable based on the parameters selected. Supported parameter combinations for popular equipment may be prestored so that selection with the interface of a particular piece of equipment automatically edits the configuration file according to the features and parameters supported by said equipment.
Information processing apparatus having a function of supporting access to managing apparatuses, information processing system, and method of processing information
A disclosed information processing apparatus connected to a managing apparatus, which manages apparatus information of an electronic apparatus, through a network includes a receiving part that receives an operation request requesting to operate the apparatus information; a determining part that determines the managing apparatus that manages the apparatus information to be operated based on corresponding information between identification information of the apparatus information to be operated and the managing apparatus upon a receipt of the operation request; and a requesting part that generates another operation request of the apparatus information corresponding to the operation request to the managing apparatus determined by the determining part.
System and method for fast compatibility verification of REST API based on REST Chart
Various disclosed embodiments include methods and systems for determining whether representational state transfer (REST) application programming interfaces (APIs) are compatible. A method is performed by a processing system that includes a processor. The method comprises obtaining a first REST Chart describing a first version of a REST API and obtaining a second REST Chart describing a second version of a REST API. The method comprises determining whether the first version and the second version are compatible using the first REST Chart and the second REST Chart by determining whether a compatible path exists between the first REST Chart and the second REST Chart.
Application allocation in datacenters
An allocation entity of a datacenter is provided, wherein said allocation entity being configured: to receive an application allocation request for allocating an application to one of a plurality of processing units of the datacenter, the application allocation request comprising application network load information; to acquire path network load information indicating network load of network paths to at least a part of the plurality of processing units; and to select a processing unit from the plurality of processing units for allocating the application based on the application network load information and the path network load information.
Methods and systems for sharing insurance information through mobile applications
Methods and systems for sharing account information, such as insurance information, between a primary accountholder's mobile application and one or more secondary accountholder's mobile applications are disclosed. In one embodiment, a companion mobile application is disclosed that provides a secondary accountholder access to a subset of information relating to the primary accountholder's account. Updates to the primary accountholder are provided to the companion mobile application such that the secondary accountholders have access to current account information without having to provide credentials relating to the primary accountholder. In certain embodiments, updates to the account are transferred from a first mobile device including the primary mobile application to a second mobile device including the companion mobile application.
Method and system for transmitting a multimedia stream
A method is described for transmitting a multimedia stream from a first terminal and receiving an associated second multimedia stream at a second terminal. The first and second terminal are connected to at least one gateway for enabling the transmission of the stream and the receiving of the associated stream. The method comprises: —initiating the exchange of first multimedia session information between the first terminal and the gateway, using a first protocol; —providing a trigger to the second terminal to initiate the exchange of second multimedia session information between the second terminal and the gateway, using a second protocol; —in response to providing the trigger, the second terminal initiating the exchange of second multimedia session information between the second terminal and the gateway, using a third protocol; —transmitting a first multimedia stream from the first terminal and receiving a second associated multimedia stream at the second terminal.
Channel adaptive ADC-based receiver
A receiver relates generally to channel adaptation. In this receiver, a first signal processing block is coupled to a communications channel. The first signal processing block includes: an AGC block and a CTLE block for receiving a modulated signal for providing an analog signal; an ADC for converting the analog signal to digital samples; and an FFE block for equalizing the digital samples to provide equalized samples. A second signal processing block includes: a DFE block for receiving the equalized sampled for providing re-equalized samples; and a slicer coupled to the DFE block for slicing the re-equalized samples. A receiver adaptation block is coupled to the first signal processing block and the second signal processing block. The receiver adaptation block is configured for providing an AGC adaptation, a CTLE adaptation, and a slicer adaptation to the communications channel.
Wireless transceiver with TX/FBRX sequential QMC calibration using separate/shared PLLS
A direct conversion wireless transceiver is configured for TX/FBRX sequential QMC calibration (coefficient generation) using separate/shared PLLs. A TX LO drives upconversion, and an RX LO drives downconversion. TX/RX digital QMC compensators compensate for IQ mismatch (with optional DPD compensation), and QMC calibration is used to calibrate the TX/RX QMC filter coefficients based on a QMC calibration procedure. The TX LO signal source is a TX PLL, and the RX LO signal source is selectively the TX PLL or a separate FBRX PLL. A QMC controller performs QMC calibration to generate calibrated TX/FBRX QMC filter coefficients, including: disconnecting the TX PLL from, and connecting the FBRX PLL to, the RX LO; generating calibrated TX QMC filter coefficients; generating calibrated FBRX QMC filter coefficients; disconnecting the FBRX PLL from, and connecting the TX PLL to, the RX LO; generating re-calibrated FBRX QMC filter coefficients.
Method of transmitting information between a plurality of radioelectric stations and associated transmission network
A method of transmitting information between a plurality of radioelectric stations and an associated transmission network are disclosed. In one aspect, the method transmits information between radioelectric stations, each station including a transmitter and a receiver, the information including NbMot words of data, NbMot being an integer >1. The transmission method includes: determining at least one polynomial of degree NbMot−1, each of the NbMot coefficients of the polynomial corresponding to a respective word, the polynomial having an indeterminacy, calculating NbRepet polynomial values for the polynomial, NbRepet being an integer >1, each polynomial value being calculated for a respective predetermined value of the indeterminacy, transmitting the calculated polynomial values from one radioelectric station to at least one other radioelectric station, receiving polynomial values by the other radioelectric station, and determining, via the other radioelectric station, the NbMot words from a Lagrange interpolation of the received polynomial values.
Slicer apparatus and calibration method thereof
A slicer apparatus and a calibration method thereof are provided. A differential reference signal pair used for performing an error slicing operation is adjusted, so as to calibrate an offset voltage of the slicer apparatus.
Channel estimation for wireless systems without matrix inversion
In various embodiments, techniques are provided to determine channel characteristics of various communication systems such as OFDM systems or systems using a plurality of transmit antennas by using various sets of training symbols that produce zero cross-correlation energy. Channel communication can accordingly be simplified as the zero cross-correlation property allows for channel estimation without a matrix inversion.
Grade of service control closed loop
Systems and methods for managing network traffic receives, at a grade of service device, network traffic information for a plurality of network traffic channels from a network device separate from the grade of service device. The network traffic information is compared to a threshold to determine a behavior value for each network traffic channel. Each network traffic channel is mapped to a grade of service according to the behavior value.
Method, system and software product for streaming content
The present invention relates to methods and systems for streaming content and in particular, live content. The method includes the steps of: receiving a content stream; periodically encoding the received stream into a sequence of content files to thereby create a plurality of sequential content files; assigning a sequence identifier to each content file; storing the files on a host; delivering a data file to a media player responsive to a request for live content, said data file including information enabling the media player to sequentially and individually request each content file from the host and play the requested content file; and delivering requested content files responsive to each request.
System and method for verifying varied electronic signature
The technologies relate to a system and method for electronic signature agnostic verification. The method involves receiving a request to verify an electronic signature, thereafter validating an integrity of the electronic signature on the basis of one or more predefined validation parameters and validation fields, then analyzing the validated electronic signature to obtain one or more features of the validated electronic signature, further decoding the analyzed electronic signature using one or more decode parameters, and finally comparing the decoded electronic signature with a predefined value received from one or more sources, to check the correctness of the decoded electronic signature. The technique supports various electronic signature formats and electronic signature standards.
Accessory identification for mobile computing devices
Embodiments disclosed herein provide for identification processes and/or procedures for accessories coupled with a mobile computing device. During identification an accessory can communicate lingo information that includes only those lingoes the accessory can use while coupled with the mobile computing device. The accessory can also communicate accessory protocol information to the mobile computing device during identification. The accessory can be limited to using only those lingoes and/or those protocols identified during identification. Various other accessory information, capabilities, preferences, etc. can also be communicated to the mobile computing device during identification.
Integrity verification of cryptographic key pairs
Method of integrity verification of public and private cryptographic key pairs in the additive group of integers modulo n, with n being the product of two prime numbers p and q, the method including the following steps: of computation (201), on the basis of the number n, of a public exponent e of the public key, and of a private exponent d of the private key, of two candidate factors p′ and q′ corresponding respectively to the numbers p and q, of verification (206) so as to verify the consistency of the private exponent with respect to the public exponent and to the number n, the verification step involving the candidate factors.
Defining access rights to content
A portion of text associated with a message intended for a group of recipients is encrypted at a computing device. The portion of text may include less than an entirety of the message. Access to the portion of text may be restricted for a first subset of the group of recipients and allowed for a second subset of the group of recipients.
Group based bootstrapping in machine type communication
A group key is computed based on unique identifications of each member device of a group of machine type communication devices, wherein communication with a network application function is performed by using a session identification of the group, and/or by using a session identification of a member device of the group, generated based on the session identification of the group and the unique identification of the member device.
Optical device and method of fabricating an optical device
An optical device comprising: a substrate; a cavity structure on the substrate, comprising a quantum emitter in contact with one or more semiconductor layers; wherein the or all of the semiconductor layers in contact with the quantum emitter have a thickness larger than the height of the quantum emitter.
Flexible architecture and instruction for advanced encryption standard (AES)
A flexible aes instruction set for a general purpose processor is provided. The instruction set includes instructions to perform a “one round” pass for aes encryption or decryption and also includes instructions to perform key generation. An immediate may be used to indicate round number and key size for key generation for 128/192/256 bit keys. The flexible aes instruction set enables full use of pipelining capabilities because it does not require tracking of implicit registers.
Flexible architecture and instruction for advanced encryption standard (AES)
A flexible aes instruction set for a general purpose processor is provided. The instruction set includes instructions to perform a “one round” pass for aes encryption or decryption and also includes instructions to perform key generation. An immediate may be used to indicate round number and key size for key generation for 128/192/256 bit keys. The flexible aes instruction set enables full use of pipelining capabilities because it does not require tracking of implicit registers.
White-box cryptographic system with input dependent encodings
A white-box cryptographic system is presented wherein at least one of its internal values is represented using an input dependent encoding. The system comprises a network of a plurality of basic blocks arranged for collectively performing a cryptographic operation. An encoder is arranged for encoding output data of a first one of the plurality of basic blocks into an encoder-output according to a selected one of a plurality of encoding schemes, said selection depending on an input-message to the system. A compensator is arranged for recoding intermediate data to compensate for the effect of the encoding according to a selected one of a plurality of recoding schemes. Using variable encodings instead of fixed encodings complicates reverse engineering the white-box cryptographic system.
Security module for secure function execution on untrusted platform
A method of performing a secure function on data inputs by a security module, including: receiving an encrypted data value by the security module; decrypting the encrypted data value using a white-box decryption block cipher and encoding the decrypted data value, wherein the data value is invisible to an attacker; performing a function on the encoded data value and producing an encoded result of the function, wherein the data value and the result are invisible to the attacker; decoding the encoded result of the programmed function and then encrypting the result using a white-box encryption block cipher, wherein the result is invisible to the attacker.
Clock generation apparatus, server system and clock control method
In order to provide a multiplexed clock generation apparatus in which synchronization between circuits based on a received clock is not lost, a clock generation apparatus is made to have a clock determination unit which determines whether a cycle shift time between a first clock signal and a second clock signal satisfies a predetermined condition or not and a clock switching unit which switches the first clock signal and the second clock signal based on determination of the clock determination unit. The clock determination unit determines that clock switching is possible when, as the predetermined condition, a first condition that a cycle shift time is equal to or more than a period from a setup start time to a hold end time of a signal specified for a clock bus and a second condition that the cycle shift time exists before the next setup start time are satisfied together.
Wireless LAN communication method and apparatus
A wireless local area network (WLAN) communication method and apparatus are provided. The WLAN communication method includes allowing a receiving station to receive a multi input multi output (MIMO) frame, allowing the receiving station to determine whether the MIMO frame is erroneous and whether the MIMO frame is destined for the receiving station, allowing the receiving station to generate a single input single output (SISO) acknowledgement (ACK) frame if the MIMO frame is not erroneous and is destined for the receiving station, and allowing the receiving station to transmit the SISO ACK frame to a sending station that has transmitted the MIMO frame.
Method and apparatus for transmitting control information in a wireless communication system
The present invention relates to a wireless communication system. More particularly, the present invention relates to a method for transmitting acknowledgement/negative ACK (ACK/NACK) in a wireless communication system which supports carrier aggregation, and to an apparatus for the method. A method in which a terminal transmits ACK/NACK in a wireless communication system that supports carrier aggregation comprises the following steps: receiving a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH); receiving a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) indicated by the PDCCH; and transmitting ACK/NACK for the PDSCH via a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH). A PUCCH format for transmitting ACK/NACK is selected by taking the number of aggregated carriers into account.
Temporary block flow release
A method for a GSM/EDGE node (105, 130), comprising establishing a TBF to another node and entering a transmit state in which data blocks are transmitted via said TBF to said other node. The transmit state is left if (205) there are no data blocks to transmit and positive ACK/NACKs have been received for transmitted data blocks, and, upon leaving said transmit state, a timer is started for the release of said TBF and a predefined TBF mode is entered in which the TBF is regarded (230) as released if the TBF release timer expires before data blocks are received by the network node to transmit to the other node, while, if data blocks are received by the network node to transmit to the receiving node, the predefined TBF mode is exited, the timer is stopped (225) and reset, and the first state is entered.
Terminal device and transmission method
A terminal device capable of providing a method for determining PUCCH resources used for notification of response signals indicating error detection results for downlink line data, when ARQ is applied during communications using an uplink unit band and a plurality of downlink unit bands associated to the uplink unit band and when downlink data allocations are instructed using an ePDCCH. In this device, a control unit (208) determines A/N resources on the basis of whether a channel used for transmitting downlink control information (DCI) is a PDCCH or an ePDCCH.
Methods of multiple point HSDPA transmission in single or difference frequencies
Disclosed herein are methods and systems for uplink control feedback design in relation to the high speed dedicated physical control channel (HS-DPCCH). First uplink data may be transmitted on a HS-DPCCH to a first serving cell and a second serving cell, where the first serving cell may be used as a timing reference cell for the uplink transmission. The first serving cell may be associated with a first NodeB and the second serving cell may be associated with a second NodeB. First downlink data may be received from the first serving cell and second downlink data may be received from the second serving cell. A timing reference for uplink transmission may be changed such that the second serving cell may be used as the timing reference cell. Second uplink data may be transmitted on the HS-DPCCH using the second serving cell as the timing reference cell.
Systems, apparatus and methods to facilitate transmission of acknowledgement signals in wireless communication systems
In accordance with aspects of the disclosure, a method, apparatus, and computer program product are provided for wireless communication. The method, apparatus, and computer program product may be provided for mapping a first signal to one or more resource elements being utilized by a second signal and transmitting the first signal utilizing the resource elements. The method, apparatus, and computer program product may be provided for pre-defining one or more resource blocks in a data region of a frame structure and transmitting an acknowledgement signal in at least one of the pre-defined resource blocks. The method, apparatus, and computer program product may be provided for identifying at least one downlink control channel and transmitting acknowledgment signals in the at least one downlink control channel for a plurality of user equipment.
Method for setting start symbol of downlink channel in wireless communication system and apparatus for same
The present invention discloses a method for a terminal receiving a downlink signal on a predetermined subframe in a wireless communication system. More specifically, the method comprises the steps of: receiving an enhanced physical downlink control channel (EPDCCH) from a base station; and receiving a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) from the base station, on the basis of the EPDCCH, wherein the EPDCCH is assumed not to be mapped onto a resource block (RB) of a symbol for receiving a physical control format indicator channel (PCFICH) or a physical hybrid-ARQ indicator channel (PHICH), when the PCFICH or the PHICH is received by the predetermined subframe.
Base station, terminal, search space setting method and decoding method
The invention provides a base station that does not cause the number of blind decodings to be increased and further can prevent the flexibility of resource allocation from degrading. A search space setting unit (103) sets search spaces each of which is constituted by one or more control channel elements (CCEs) and each of which is to be decoded in the terminals and each of which is defined by a plurality of to-be-decoded candidates. An allocating unit (108) places, in one of the plurality of to-be-decoded candidates included in the search space, a control channel. The number of connections of CCEs constituting the to-be-decoded candidate is associated with the number of to-be-decoded candidates. The search space setting unit (103) causes, in accordance with the control channel to be transmitted, the association of the number of connections of CCEs constituting the to-be-decoded candidate with the number of to-be-decoded candidates to differ.
Time efficient group data acknowledgement
A method and apparatus for time-efficient confirmed group data acknowledgement includes a radio subscriber unit (SU) configured to (i) generate a receive status message comprising a first synchronization pattern indicating successful receipt of a set of data blocks when the SU has successfully received the set of data blocks from a base radio, (ii) generate a receive status message comprising a second synchronization pattern indicating unsuccessful receipt of a set of data blocks when the SU has not successfully received the set of data blocks from the base radio, and (iii) transmit the generated receive status message from the SU to the base radio during an uplink transmit time interval assigned by the base radio.
Method of utilizing a relay node in wireless communication system
The present invention relates to a wireless communication system and a user equipment (UE) providing wireless communication services, and more particularly, a method of preventing transmission error of data while maintaining its security and a method of controlling an access of a Relay Node (RN) to a Donor eNB (DeNB) and an access of the UE to the RN during a process of transmitting and receiving user data when the RN as a radio network node is connected to the DeNB in an Evolved Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (E-UMTS), a Long Term Evolution (LTE) system, and a LTE-Advanced (LTE-A) system that have evolved from a Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS).
Data transmission method and device
The present invention provides a data transmission method including: sending, by a transmitter, a source data frame to a receiver, and saving the source data frame; sending, by the transmitter, other data frames to the receiver, and saving the other data frames; receiving, by the transmitter, a data retransmission notification which is related to the source data frame and sent by the receiver; and retrieving, by the transmitter, the source data frame and other data frames from a storage space, where the other data frames are sent by the transmitter to the receiver in a time period from sending the source data frame by the transmitter to receiving the data retransmission notification by the transmitter, and retransmitting the source data frame and the other data frames to the receiver.
Low complexity maximum-likelihood-based method for estimating emitted symbols in a SM-MIMO receiver
A receiver estimates a vector of emitted symbols over a MIMO transmission channel which is emitted by emitting antennas. The receiver receives a vector of received symbols on receiving antennas. Estimation of the vector of emitted symbols is made by calculating a metric associated with a criterion for each vector of a subset of all possible vectors of emitted symbols and selecting an estimation for said vector of emitted symbols as the vector of emitted symbols among said subset which minimizes said metric.
Adding operations, administration, and maintenance (OAM) information in 66-bit code
An apparatus comprises a 64b66b encoder configured to process operations, administration, and maintenance (OAM) information, determine a bit pattern based on the OAM information, form forward error correction (FEC) parity sync-headers based on the bit pattern, and form an FEC codeword with the FEC parity sync-headers, and a transmitter coupled to the 64b66b encoder and configured to transmit the FEC codeword. A method comprises processing OAM information, determining a bit pattern based on the OAM information, forming FEC parity sync-headers based on the bit pattern, forming an FEC codeword with the FEC parity sync-headers, and transmitting the FEC codeword. An apparatus comprises a receiver configured to receive an FEC codeword, and a 64b66b decoder coupled to the receiver and configured to extract FEC parity sync-headers from the FEC codeword, determine a bit pattern of the FEC parity sync-headers, and determine OAM information based on the bit pattern.
Ultra-wide range optical wavelength converter by direct signal translation from integrated coherent receiver to dual-polarization IQ modulator
A method of wavelength conversion without polarization tracking is provided. A system is also provided that converts an input signal into an output signal of a different wavelength that contains all of the amplitude, phase, and polarization information of the original signal. The method includes separating, using a polarization-diversity optical mixer, an input optical signal of a first wavelength into a plurality of electrical signals containing amplitudes and phases while maintaining the polarization information of the input signal, converting each of the amplitudes and phases into individual photo-currents using a photo-diode, converting each of the output photo-currents into voltages using an amplifier, modulating the multitude of voltages to a second wavelength using a modulator, where the separated electrical signals are up-converted to generate an output optical signal that maintains the same amplitude, phase, and polarization information as was contained in the input signal.
Optical data transmission method and apparatus
A routing and wavelength assignment method for use in an optical fiber network includes (i) identifying a path between each node pair in the network, (ii) identifying a block of spectral resource within the spectrum band of the identified path of a selected node pair, (iii) calculating a spectrum entropy value of the identified path of the selected node pair based on a logarithm of the ratio of the number of wavelength channels in each of the one or more blocks, to the total number of wavelength channels across the spectrum band, (iv) iterating (ii) and (iii) in respect of each of the paths between each other node pair in the network, until a spectrum entropy value of all the paths between all the node pairs has been calculated, (v) summing the spectrum entropy value of all of the paths between all of the node pairs to obtain a network spectrum entropy value in respect of a network configuration based on the paths between the node pairs, and (vi) determining from the network spectrum entropy value whether a signal carrying a demand through the network is separated from any other signals by a spectral gap sufficient to accommodate a change in the demand to an expected level.
Grooming multicast traffic in flexible optical wavelength division multiplexing WDM networks
There is provided a distance-adaptive and fragmentation-aware all-optical traffic grooming (DFG) method, which addresses the all-optical traffic grooming problem while considering the transmission reach constraints. The DFG procedure provisions traffic demands in optical channels such that the spectrum requires for guard bands is minimized. The DFG procedure provisions optical channels such that network fragmentation is minimized while ensuring the transmission reach constrains over flexible-grid WDM networks.
Low cost secure submarine ROADM branching unit using bidirectional wavelength-selective switch
A reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer (ROADM) unit includes a first optical circulator coupled to a first terminal; a second optical circulator coupled to a second terminal; a third optical circulator coupled to a third terminal; a fourth optical circulator coupled to a fourth terminal; a first wavelength-selective switch (WSS), coupled to the first, second, and third optical circulators; a second WSS coupled to the first, second, and fourth optical circulators, wherein the first and second WSSes are bidirectional operated; a first 1:2 coupler positioned between the first circulator and the first and second WSSes; a second 1:2 coupler positioned between the second circulator and the first and second WSSes.
Method for generating a reference signal sequence using grouping
Method for generating reference signal sequence using grouping is explained. In this method, base sequences are grouped such that each group contains at least one base sequence of each length, so UE(s) can use various length sequences as a reference signal. And in this method, inter cell interference caused by using various length sequence as a reference signal sequence can be minimized by grouping sequences having the high cross correlation relation.
Node and method for selecting synchronization source
The disclosure relates to a node capable of selecting a first port to receive a first synchronization source in a system comprising a plurality of nodes. The node comprises a memory configured to memorize states of each port of the node in a corresponding tree. At least one tree is formed with ports of the plurality of connected nodes according to a second synchronization protocol. The node further comprises a first synchronization source selection unit configured to select the first port according to states of the ports of the node. The first synchronization source so selected will not form a loop in the network. There is also provided a method used in the node.
Methods and apparatus for enabling context sensitive interaction with distributed content
A method includes receiving a distributed radio signal at a wireless communications device (WCD) from a first service provider. The method includes generating a bookmark associated with a first content item included in the distributed radio signal. The bookmark is generated based on radio application data when the WCD is radio-enabled, and the bookmark is generated based on pseudo-radio application data when the WCD is not radio-enabled. The method also includes transmitting the bookmark and a content request associated with the first content item from the WCD to a content source.
VSWR estimation using spectral analysis to suppress external interference
A method includes determining a total forward power using a frequency domain version of a forward signal transmitted over a cable/connector system to one or more antennas. The method includes determining a total reflected power using a frequency domain version of a reflected signal including a reflected version of the forward signal. The method also includes determining a condition of the cable/connector system using the total forward power and the total reflected power. The method may include determining an estimated reflection coefficient based on the total forward power and the total reflected power and associating the estimated reflection coefficient with the condition of the cable/connector system. Apparatus, program products, and software are also disclosed.
Radio frequency camera system
In some aspects, a radio-frequency (RF) camera system includes a sensor assembly and a data processing system. The sensor assembly includes sensors supported at respective sensor locations. Each sensor is supported at one of the sensor locations and configured to detect RF signals from a field of view defined by the sensor assembly. Each sensor is configured to identify parameters of the RF signals detected by the sensor. The data processing system is configured to receive the parameters identified by the sensors and generate a graphical representation of the field of view based on the parameters.
Modal adaptive antenna for mobile applications
An adaptive antenna system for mobile applications where the mode of the antenna is optimized dynamically to optimize link quality with intended sources. Interfering signals are suppressed by mode selection to minimize link quality by altering antenna radiation pattern characteristics. A single driven antenna is configured such that the radiating mode can be dynamically adjusted and optimized based on link metrics.
Parametric transducer microphone system
An ultrasonic emitter can launch an unmodulated ultrasonic carrier signal towards an audio source. The ultrasonic carrier signal, upon being reflected from the audio source, undergoes modulation by the audio source. The modulated ultrasonic signal may then be received by an ultrasonic microphone and demodulated to retrieve the audio. A highly directional microphone system is achieved through the use of the ultrasonic emitter and ultrasonic microphone, where the modulated ultrasonic signal only arises when the audio source is in the ‘beam’ of the ultrasonic carrier signal and the ultrasonic microphone can ignore other potential noise, ambient sound(s), etc.
Method and system for split voltage domain transmitter circuits
Methods and systems for a photonically enabled complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) chip are disclosed and may comprise in an integrated circuit comprising a driver: amplifying a received signal in a plurality of partial voltage domains, and generating the partial voltage domains by controlling a voltage domain boundary value between two partial voltage domains utilizing a differential amplifier that samples an output voltage of a cascade amplifier that is an input to the driver and controls a current supplying said cascade amplifier. A series of diodes may be driven in differential mode via the amplified signals. An optical signal may be modulated via the diodes, which may be integrated in a Mach-Zehnder modulator or a ring modulator. The diodes may be connected in a distributed configuration. The amplified signals may be communicated to the diodes via transmission lines, which may be even-mode coupled.
Optical link architecture based on wireline equalization techniques
A high data rate, high sensitivity, low power optical link using low-bandwidth components and low-bandwidth E/O drivers and receivers and method of building same. The method is based on the idea of making the optical part of the link look like a bandwidth limited lossy electrical channel, so that the powerful equalization methods used in the wireline electrical links can be applied to recover the transmitted data in a situation with low bandwidth and/or high loss and strong inter-symbol interference. Linear and non-linear optical channel components, E/O drivers and receivers can benefit from the apparatus and the methods of the invention.
Optical transmission device, nonlinear distortion compensation method, and nonlinear distortion pre-equalization method
An optical receiver includes a dividing unit, a control unit, and a compensating unit. The dividing unit divides an optical transmission signal into a plurality of frequency components by a set number of divisions and a set division bandwidth. The control unit controls the number of divisions and the division bandwidth on the basis of transmission path information about an optical transmission line through which the optical transmission signal is transmitted and signal information about the optical transmission signal. The compensating unit compensates optical nonlinear distortion of each of the frequency components divided by the dividing unit.
Superchannel power pre-emphasis based on transmission criteria
Methods and systems for superchannel power pre-emphasis based on transmission criteria may determine a guardband used when transmitting multiple superchannels over an optical transport network. The guardband values may depend on various transmission criteria, such as a reach distance for the superchannels and a number of reconfigurable add-drop multiplexer nodes over a given optical path. An amount of power pre-emphasis for each superchannel may then be determined based on the actual guardband values used. Certain values used for superchannel power pre-emphasis based on transmission criteria may be pre-calculated and stored in advance.
Interference suppression based on power-dependent transfer function of angle-modulated optical links
Systems and method are provided to for suppressing interference signals in optical systems, without prior knowledge of the type of location of the interferers, while maintaining a linear response to small signals of interest (SOI). By exploiting the unique power (or voltage) dependent transmission function of an externally angle-modulated photonic link, embodiments of the present disclosure are configured to provide strong, wideband interference suppression without requiring detailed knowledge of the interfering signal.
Modular kit of the spectrally flexible device for bidirectional transmissions of optical signals sensitive to timing in the internet and other networks
Modular kit of the spectrally flexible device for bidirectional transmissions of optical signals sensitive to timing in the Internet and other networks in the basic embodiment contains the source of the optical holding signal, which is electrically bi-directionally interconnected with the control electronics module. This source of the optical holding signal is optically interconnected is optically interconnected by its one output via the first isolator and the first wave-sensitive coupler with one optical input/output of the semiconductor optical amplifier and/or the second output of the source of the optical holding signal is interconnected via the second isolator and the second wave-sensitive coupler with the second optical input/output of the semiconductor optical amplifier. Semiconductor optical amplifier is electrically bi-directionally interconnected with the control electronics module, the input of which is connected to the output of the power supply module.
A communication system is capable of determining, at a reception side of a communication circuit, whether a communication method connected is of optical communication or electric communication. When the communication system is activated, a communication circuit transmission unit transmits a differential high fixed output. When a communication circuit reception unit receives a differential high fixed signal, it is determined that electric communication is used. When the communication circuit reception unit receives a differential low fixed signal, it is determined that optical communication is used.
Communications controller and method for wavelength control
A communications controller, and corresponding method therein, for wavelength control of a first and second channel. The first and second channels are bidirectional and adjacent to one another in a single fiber in a Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) based system.
An optical network comprising an optical network element comprising a first optical transmitter, a first controller, an optical receiver, a second optical transmitter, a second controller and optical receiver apparatus. Said first controller is arranged to control said first optical transmitter to generate and transmit a first optical signal in response no second optical signal being detected. Said first controller is arranged to iteratively generate and transmit said first optical signal at different wavelengths of a plurality of wavelengths until said second optical signal is detected, and is further arranged to subsequently maintain generation and transmission of said first optical signal at said wavelength at which said second optical signal is detected. Said second controller is arranged to control said second optical transmitter to generate and transmit said second optical signal following detection of said first optical signal by said optical receiver apparatus.
Low cost secure ROADM branching unit with redundancy protection
A communication system includes a primary module with: first trunk and branch input and output ports, each coupled to first in/out couplers, the first in/out couplers coupled to first circulators, and the circulators in turn coupled to first central couplers; second trunk branch input and output ports, each coupled to second in/out couplers, each of second in/out couplers coupled to second circulators; and first and second bidirectional wavelength-selective switches (WSSes) coupled to the first central couplers. The system also includes a secondary module with first trunk and branch input and output ports, each coupled to first in/out couplers, the first in/out couplers coupled to third circulators, and the circulators in turn coupled to second central couplers; second trunk branch input and output ports, each coupled to second in/out couplers, each of second in/out couplers coupled to fourth circulators, and third and fourth bidirectional wavelength-selective switches (WSSes) coupled to the second central couplers. The system further includes one or more 2×2 switches coupling the primary module WSS outputs with the secondary module WSS outputs.
System and method for photonic compressive sampling
A photonic compressive sampling system includes a photonic link with at least one electro-optic modulator that modulates a continuous wave optical energy with both an electrical analog signal and a pseudorandom bit sequence signal. A photodetector receives the modulated optical energy from the electro-optic modulator, and an electrical digitizer digitizes the output from the photodetector. The system enables signal recovery beyond the Nyquist limit of the digitizer. The signal being recovered has a sparse (low-dimensional) representation and the digitized samples are incoherent with this representation. An all-photonic system can faithfully recover a 1 GHz harmonic signal even when digitizing at 500 MS/s, well below the Nyquist rate.
System and method for dynamic wireless aerial mesh network
Embodiments include a dynamic wireless aerial mesh network having aerial nodes that provides real-time persistent wide area communications service to provide communications in response to an incident. Typically, the area services is a wide area that is physically inaccessible via ground transportation. In addition, embodiments include the formation of a decentralized mesh supernetwork comprising two or more dynamic wireless aerial mesh networks where each dynamic wireless aerial mesh network is owned by a different agency (e.g., a secure community). A member of a first dynamic wireless aerial mesh network may send a request to a member of a second dynamic wireless aerial mesh network for the first dynamic wireless aerial mesh network to join the second dynamic wireless aerial mesh network to form a mesh supernetwork, and receive an acceptance from the member of the second dynamic wireless aerial mesh network.
System and method for feeding back channel information
A system and method for feeding back channel information are provided. A method for communications device operations includes generating feedback information, encoding the feedback information to produce a feedback payload, and transmitting the feedback payload to a communications server serving a communications device. The feedback information includes at least a first long term wideband channel statistics and a second long term wideband channel statistics.
Methods to calculate linear combination pre-coders for MIMO wireless communication systems
In a wireless communication system having an antenna array selectively configured to transmit channel state information reference signals (CSI-RS) using a plurality of antenna ports and basis beam vectors selected from a master beam set or retrieved from memory, a codebook enables selection of a linear combination of at least a subset of the beams and co-phases and coefficients for each selected beam, where the co-phases determine the co-phasing weights for the selected beams for a cross-polarized antenna array, and the coefficients determine the linear combination of the selected beams. Feedback contains an indication of channel state information (CSI) for the set of selected or retrieved basis beam vectors, the selected beams, co-phases, and coefficients. The CSI includes at least precoding matrix information (PMI) corresponding to a precoding vector based on a set of the basis beam vectors for the selected beams, corresponding co-phases, and corresponding coefficients.
Structured MIMO codebook
Provided is a method of wireless communication which includes selecting a codebook from a plurality of codebooks in accordance with an antenna characteristic, and transmitting an indication of the selected codebook. Each of the plurality of codebooks is associated with one of a plurality of antenna characteristics. In some designs, channel state information is received from a user equipment. The channel state information may be used to determine downlink scheduling and/or precoding. In some designs, the channel state information may include feedback elements associated with different subband granularity. The feedback elements may also indicate a selection of a subset of precoder column vectors and/or a phase offset between two groups of transmit antennas.
Assignment of radio resources to be used on uplink transmissions in a multi-user multiple input multiple output (MU-MIMO) communication system
An access point and method are described herein for interacting with a mobile station and assigning radio resources (e.g., multiple USFs, multiple TSCs, multiple MCSs, multiple PC levels) at least a portion of which are to be used for upcoming uplink transmissions by the mobile station to the access point. In addition, a mobile station and method are described for interacting with an access point and receiving therefrom assigned radio resources (e.g., multiple USFs, multiple TSCs, multiple MCSs, multiple PC levels) at least a portion of which are to be used for upcoming uplink transmissions to the access point.
Mobile station and reception method
Provided is a radio communication device which can separate propagation paths of antenna ports and improve a channel estimation accuracy even when using virtual antennas. The device includes: a mapping unit which maps a data signal after modulation to a virtual antenna and a virtual antenna; a phase inversion unit which inverts the phase of S0 transmitted from an antenna port in synchronization with a phase inversion unit between the odd-number slot and the even-number slot; the phase inversion unit which inverts the phase of R0 transmitted from the antenna port; a phase inversion unit which inverts the phase of S1 transmitted from an antenna port in synchronization with a phase inversion unit; and the phase inversion unit which inverts the phase of R1 transmitted from an antenna port.
Hybrid intra-cell / inter-cell remote unit antenna bonding in multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) distributed antenna systems (DASs)
Hybrid intra-cell/inter-cell remote unit antenna bonding in multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) distributed antenna systems (DASs), and related components, systems, and methods. The MIMO DASs are capable of supporting distributed MIMO communications with client devices. To provide enhanced MIMO coverage areas, hybrid intra-cell/inter-cell remote unit antenna bonding is employed. For example, if a client device has acceptable MIMO communications signal quality with MIMO antennas within a single remote unit, intra-cell bonding of the MIMO antennas can be employed to provide MIMO coverage for MIMO communications, which may avoid power imbalance issues that would result with inter-cell bonded MIMO antennas. However, if a client device has acceptable MIMO communications signal quality with MIMO antennas in a separate, neighboring remote unit(s), inter-cell bonding of the MIMO antennas can be employed to provide MIMO coverage for MIMO communications.
Scalable massive MIMO
Techniques are disclosed relating to massive MIMO communications. In some embodiments, a base station is configured to dynamically adjust the number of processing elements used for MIMO signal estimation (e.g., the number of MIMO RX chains used for parallel processing). In some embodiments, the number of processing elements may be based on the number of antennas currently being used, the number of spatial streams, interconnect throughput thresholds, sampling rate, etc. In some embodiments, the base station includes configurable MIMO cores configured to dynamically switch between MIMO signal estimation techniques, e.g., on a per-symbol basis. In some embodiments, the base station includes configurable linear decoders configured to separately multiply input matrices and combine or refrain from combining the results based on the number of antennas and/or processing elements currently in use.
Apparatus for wirelessly communicating with and supplying power to another apparatus, electronic apparatus, and method for controlling power supply
A power supply apparatus includes a power supply unit configured to wirelessly supply power to an electronic apparatus, a communication unit configured to wirelessly communicate with the electronic apparatus, a setting unit configured to set the power to be supplied to the electronic apparatus, based on data indicating a category of power receivable by the electronic apparatus, and a control unit configured to perform processing for supplying the power set by the setting unit to the electronic apparatus via the power supply unit.
Method and device for line initialization
The present invention provides a method and a device for line initialization. In the method, first, a first precoding matrix needed by a first part of subcarriers is acquired in a downstream direction, and then multiple data signals of all data signals that need to be sent in an initialization process are sent by using only the first part of subcarriers; afterward, a second precoding matrix needed by at least a second part of subcarriers of all available subcarriers is acquired, and remaining data signals of all the data signals exclusive of the multiple data signals are sent by using the at least second part of subcarriers to complete line initialization. By using the foregoing manner, the present invention can cancel crosstalk between lines while completing line initialization, and does not easily cause transmit power to exceed a limit.
Antenna-integrated radio with wireless fronthaul
A system is disclosed, comprising: a wireless fronthaul access point mounted on a radio mast and configured to receive digital I and Q signaling information from a remote baseband unit for a plurality of radios, the wireless fronthaul access point further comprising a first millimeter wave wireless interface; and an antenna-integrated radio for providing access to user equipments (UEs), mounted within line of sight on the radio mast with the wireless fronthaul access point, the antenna-integrated radio further comprising: a second millimeter wave wireless interface configured to receive the digital I and Q signaling information from the baseband unit via the wireless fronthaul access point, wherein the wireless fronthaul access point thereby wirelessly couples the remote baseband unit and the antenna-integrated radio.
Electronic device including reinforcement formed at edge of housing and wireless communication apparatus including reinforcement formed at edge of housing
An electronic device includes: a frame forming an edge portion of a plate-like housing; a groove defining a hollow, along an edge of the housing, in the frame; and a reinforcement disposed in the frame and made of a platable resin with which the groove is filled.
Radio communication using multiple antennas and localization variables
The invention relates to a method for radio communication using multiple antennas and localization variables, and to an apparatus for radio communication using multiple antennas and localization variables. An apparatus for radio communication of the invention comprises: 4 antennas, the 4 antennas forming an antenna array; a radio device; a sensor unit estimating a plurality of localization variables; an antenna tuning apparatus having 4 antenna ports, each of the antenna ports being coupled to one of the antennas through a feeder, the antenna tuning apparatus having 4 radio ports, each of the radio ports being coupled to the radio device through an interconnection; and a tuning control unit, the tuning control unit receiving a tuning instruction generated automatically within the apparatus for radio communication, the tuning control unit delivering a plurality of tuning control signals to the antenna tuning apparatus.
Link adaptation method and device
The present invention relates to the field of communications, and provides a link adaptation method and device, so as to determine, according to transmission quality of a signal in a link, to perform antenna alignment and/or frequency adjustment. The method includes: detecting, by a first antenna device, an RSSI of a link between the first antenna device and a second antenna device; when it is determined that the RSSI is greater than or equal to a first RSSI threshold, detecting, by the first antenna device, an SINR of the link; and choosing, by the first antenna device according to the RSSI and the SINR, to perform frequency adjustment and/or antenna alignment with the second antenna device. Embodiments of the present invention are applied to link adaptation.
Concatenated error correction device
A concatenated error correction device may be provided that includes: a first encoder which encodes a plurality of blocks arranged in a column direction and a row direction into a block-wise product code consisting of column codes and row codes by applying a first error correction code to the blocks in each of the column direction and the row direction; and a second encoder which receives K number of source symbols and applies a second error correction code to the source symbols, and then encodes into N number of symbols including N-K number of parity symbols. The N number of symbols form the plurality of blocks. K and N are natural numbers.
A storage device disclosed herein includes a memory and a write channel configured to interleave a plurality of code-words to generate a plurality of multiplet sequences such that at least two of the plurality of code-words interleave to the end of the interleaving process. In one example implementation, for each of the multiplet sequences no two successive multiplets are from the same code-word, a multiplet including a plurality of bits from a single code-word.
System and method for conveying information
A system and method for conveying data include the capability to determine whether a transaction request credit has been received at a computer module, the transaction request credit indicating that at least a portion of a transaction request message may be sent. The system and method also include the capability to determine, of a transaction request message is to be sent, whether at least a portion of the transaction request message may be sent and to send the at least a portion of the transaction request message if it may be sent.
Methods and apparatus for explicit updates for symbol probabilities of an entropy encoder or decoder
Methods and apparatus are provided for explicit updates for symbol probabilities of an entropy encoder or decoder. An apparatus includes a video encoder having an entropy encoder for encoding symbols for picture data for at least a portion of a picture. An explicit update function is used to update probabilities of the symbols processed by the entropy encoder. The explicit update function at least one of is truncated at a threshold value and has a varying rate of adaptation.
Segmented resistor digital-to-analog converter with resistor recycling
Embodiments relate to an improved segmented resistor digital-to-analog converter (DAC) with resistor recycling. An input digital code word is segmented into M most-significant-bits (MSBs) and N least-significant-bits (LSBs). The DAC includes a MSB resistor ladder coupled with a first set of switches and a LSB resistor ladder coupled with a second set of switches. Based on the decoded bit pattern of the LSBs, embodiments are operable to either switch one or more LSB resistors from the bottom of the MSB resistor ladder up to the top, or to switch the LSB resistors from the top of the MSB resistor ladder down to the bottom. In at least one example embodiment, this technique can avoid redundant resistors in the circuit, which can solve mismatch problems due to redundant resistors in the circuit as in prior art solutions, which can lead to problems relating to non-linearity and non-monotonicity.
High dynamic range analog-to-digital conversion with selective regression based data repair
A multi-stage analog-to-digital conversion method and system use window functions and translation to match high gain frames of data to target frames of data. The technique selects window data packets for the output stream based the stage of data having the highest gain satisfying selection criteria, such as requiring a frame of data for the respective stage to satisfy a predetermined accuracy of fit value compared to a target frame of data for a zero gain stage.
Atom cell, quantum interference device, atomic oscillator, electronic apparatus, and moving object
A gas cell includes an alkali metal, a pair of window parts, a body part provided between the pair of window parts and forming an internal space in which the alkali metal in a gaseous state is enclosed with the pair of window parts, and a space within a recessed part forming a part of the internal space or communicating with the internal space, in which a liquid-state or solid-state alkali metal is placed, and a bottom part as a wall part between the space within the recessed part and an outside has a smaller thickness than the window parts.
Phase locked loop and operating method thereof
Provided is a phase locked loop (PLL) that generates an output clock signal corresponding to a reference clock signal. The phase locked loop (PLL) includes a divider configured to divide the output clock signal to generate a divided clock signal, a time-pulse converter configured to generate a time-pulse conversion signal that has a pulse corresponding to a phase difference between the reference clock signal and the divided clock signal, and a digitally controlled oscillator including an LC resonance circuit for generating the output clock signal and configured to control a frequency of the output clock signal that is determined to correspond to a time constant of the LC resonance circuit according to the time-pulse conversion signal, wherein a sustainment time of changed capacitance is continuously controlled according to a change in the phase difference between the reference clock signal and the divided clock signal.
Phase-locked loop circuit, data recovery circuit, and control method for phase-locked loop circuit
A phase-locked loop circuit, which includes a phase frequency detector, a charge pump, a loop low-pass filter, a first voltage-current converter, a second voltage-current converter, a current-controlled oscillator, a frequency divider, a comparator, and a mode controller, where the mode controller is configured to control the switches S1, S2, and S3 included in the loop low-pass filter to connect or disconnect. Using the phase-locked loop circuit, a voltage value of a second control voltage signal VC2 provided for the first voltage-current converter can reach, in a relatively short time, a voltage value of a first control voltage signal VC1 provided for the second voltage-current converter, thereby increasing a speed of establishing the phase-locked loop circuit and implementing a quick response of the phase-locked loop circuit.
Reconfigurable magnetoelectronic processing circuits
Magnetoelectronic circuits include Hybrid Hall Effect devices implemented with Spin Transfer Torque write capability. The circuits include reconfigurable processing systems, logic circuits, non-volatile switches, memory cells, etc.
Driving circuit for driving a capacitive load
Provided is a driving circuit for driving a capacitive load which includes a modulation circuit which generates a modulation signal which is obtained by pulse-modulating a source signal, a transistor which generates an amplified modulation signal by amplifying the modulation signal, a low pass filter which generates a drive signal by smoothening the amplified modulation signal, a piezoelectric element which is displaced by receiving the drive signal, and a circuit substrate on which the transistor is mounted. The transistor includes a first electrode, a second electrode, a third electrode, and a clip which has conductivity, is electrically connected to the first electrode. Furthermore, the circuit substrate has a first land corresponding to the first electrode, a second land corresponding to the second electrode, and a third land corresponding to the third electrode. In addition, a part of the clip is connected to the third land.
Electronic switching device with reduction of leakage currents and corresponding control method
A method is used to control an electronic device that includes a switching unit having a main MOS transistor having a substrate, a first conducting electrode and a second conducting electrode coupled to an output terminal. The method includes controlling the main transistor in such a way as to put it into an on state or an off state such that, when the main transistor is in the on state, the substrate and the first conducting electrode of the main transistor are connected to an input terminal and, when the main transistor is in the off state, the first conducting electrode of the main transistor is isolated from the input terminal and a first bias voltage is applied to the first conducting electrode and a second bias voltage is applied to the substrate of the main transistor.
Rail-to-rail comparator with built-in constant hysteresis
A comparator has an input stage having (i) resistor-coupled super source-follower circuits that convert differential input voltages into differential currents and (ii) hysteresis current-injection circuits that inject hysteresis currents into the differential currents. An output stage processes the differential currents to control the comparator output. Common-mode (CM) detection circuits inhibit some of the differential currents from reaching the output stage if the CM voltage is too close to a voltage rail of the comparator. The comparator is able to operate at CM voltages over the entire rail-to-rail range with constant hysteresis voltage.
Intelligent gate driver for IGBT
A reverse-conducting insulated gate bipolar transistor, particularly a bi-mode insulated gate transistor, is controlled by responding to an ON command by applying high-level gate voltage for a first period, during which a current is fed into a connection point, from which it flows either through the RC-IGBT or along a different path. Based hereon, it is determined whether the RC-IGBT conducts in its forward/IGBT or reverse/diode mode, and the RC-IGBT is either driven at high or low gate voltage. Subsequent conduction mode changes may be monitored in the same way, and the gate voltage may be adjusted accordingly. A special turn-off procedure may be applied in response to an OFF command in cases where the RC-IGBT conducts in the reverse mode, wherein a high-level pulse is applied for a second period before the gate voltage goes down to turn-off level.
Capacitor for saw filter, saw filter and method of manufacturing thereof
The present invention relates to a capacitor for a SAW filter, the SAW filter, and a method of manufacturing thereof, and more specifically, to a capacitor for a SAW filter including a first metal layer formed on a substrate; an insulation layer formed on the first metal layer; and a second metal layer formed on the insulation layer and overlapped with partially or totally of the first metal layer, in which the insulation layer is formed to be extended to the top of an IDT formed on the substrate, the SAW filter on which such a capacitor for a SAW filter is mounted, and a method of manufacturing thereof.
Electronic component and manufacturing method therefor
In an electronic component, a functional circuit, signal wiring electrically connected to the functional circuit, and ground wiring electrically connected to the functional circuit and electrically connected to a ground potential are located on one surface of a circuit substrate, a frame member is provided to secure a region between itself and an outer peripheral edge of a first main surface of the circuit substrate and so as to surround the functional circuit, the ground wiring extends from inside to outside the frame member, and a shield member extends from a second main surface of the circuit substrate to a region on the first main surface via the side surfaces, the shield member being electrically connected to the ground wiring in the region outside the frame member.
Devices and methods for improving yield of scalable periphery amplifiers
Device and methods for improving consistency of operation and therefore yield of scalable periphery amplifiers is described. Amplifier size of the scalable periphery architecture can be adjusted to obtain part-to-part consistency of operating performance as per a defined/desired set of criteria. Amplifier segments of the scalable periphery architecture can be rotated to distribute wear. Further, extra amplifier segments can be implemented on amplifier dies to extend the overall lifetime of amplifiers.
Common-source power amplifiers
A system includes a first amplifier stage and a second amplifier stage. The first amplifier stage is configured to amplify an input signal and generate first output signals. The first amplifier stage includes a common-source differential amplifier. The common-source differential amplifier includes a plurality of metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) having source terminals connected to a common potential. The second amplifier stage includes a first differential amplifier and a second differential amplifier configured to respectively generate first and second differential outputs based on the first output signals. Each of the first and second differential amplifiers includes a plurality of MOSFETs having source terminals connected to the common potential via a respective balun.
Amplifier apparatus with controlled negative output impedance
An audio amplifier apparatus includes an audio amplifier which receives a single audio signal and produces a plus phase audio signal and a minus phase audio signal, both dependent upon the single audio signal. The plus phase audio signal and minus phase audio signal are received by first and second inputs of a speaker, respectively. A current sensing circuit senses a level of current received by the first or second inputs of the speaker and outputs a current sensing signal dependent upon the sensed level of current. An amplifying circuit receives and amplifies the current sensing signal. A mixer circuit receives the amplified current sensing signal and an audio drive signal and produces the single audio signal dependent upon the amplified current sensing signal and the audio drive signal. The single audio signal is produced at a node in-between two resistors.
Bias circuit for use with amplifier circuit, control method thereof, and signal amplifier
A bias circuit comprises: a first circuit that comprises a first resistor and a decoupling capacitor; a bias voltage generation circuit that comprises a first transistor being connected to the first circuit; one or more switches; a first replica circuit comprising a second circuit and a second transistor, the second circuit comprising a second resistor and a capacitor, the second transistor being connected to the second circuit; a second replica circuit comprising a third transistor; a comparator that makes a comparison between a pseudo-bias voltage and a reference voltage; and a control circuit that controls the one or more switches on the basis of the comparison result to reduce the amount of the current flowing through the first transistor.
Silicon photonics modulator driver
Embodiments generally relate to a conversion arrangement, a driver arrangement, and a method of producing a complementary complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) output signal for driving a modulator device. The conversion arrangement includes a differential amplifier configured to produce a first amplified signal based on the differential input signal, and at least two transimpedance amplifiers (TIAs) coupled with respective outputs of the differential amplifier and configured to produce a second amplified signal based on the first amplified signal. Respective bias voltages for the TIAs are based on the first amplified signal. The conversion arrangement further includes a common-mode feedback arrangement coupled with outputs of the TIAs and configured to control the first amplified signal based on the second amplified signal, thereby controlling the bias voltages, wherein the complementary CMOS output signal is based on the second amplified signal.
Signal amplification using a reference plane with alternating impedance
An electronic structure includes a conductor layer; an insulation layer adjacent to the conductor layer; an Alternating Impedance Electromagnetic Bandgap (AI-EBG) layer adjacent to the conductor layer; and a signal driver, a transmission line, and a destination device overlaid on the AI-EBG layer, such that the AI-EBG layer induces an alternating change to an impedance in the transmission line. The alternating change to the impedance creates a reflection signal to an initial signal on the transmission line, and the reflection signal and the initial signal combine to create an amplified signal.
Apparatus and method for controlling impedance tuning by using hybrid control algorithm
An impedance tuning control apparatus has a processing circuit and an output circuit. The processing circuit determines a first control setting according to a first performance metric, and performs a search operation with a search start point set by the first control setting to find a second control setting according to a second performance metric. The second performance metric is different from the first performance metric. The output circuit outputs a final control setting to a tuner, wherein the final control setting is derived from the second control setting.
Source or emitter follower buffer circuit and method
In one aspect, a buffer circuit comprises a source or emitter follower input stage and output stage. A load is provided between the stages which comprises a representation of an output load of the buffer circuit. This improves the circuit linearity whilst enabling a high input impedance to be obtained.In another aspect, a buffer circuit comprises a source or emitter follower output stage. A load is in the form of a filter is provided and which comprises a representation of an output load of the buffer circuit.
Forward/reverse switching device for power tools
A power tool includes a housing, an electric motor mounted in the housing, and a switching device for reversing rotation direction of the motor. The switching device includes an actuator slidably secured to the housing and movable between first and second positions. The actuator includes a magnet. A first ferromagnetic member is attached to a first housing section so as to be within range of attraction force of the magnet when the actuator is in the first position and a second ferromagnetic member is attached to a second housing section so as to be within range of attraction force of the magnet when the actuator is in the second position. A hall sensor is attached to the housing so as to be proximate the magnet as the actuator is moved between first and second positions. Proximity of the magnet and hall sensor reverses the direction of rotation of the motor.
Variable frequency drive active harmonic mitigation controls and diagnostics
Variable frequency drive active harmonic mitigation controls and diagnostics are disclosed. Exemplary controls and diagnostics include operating a variable frequency drive including converting an AC input line voltage to a DC voltage, generating a motor drive signal using the DC voltage, and driving an electric motor with the motor drive signal. A harmonic mitigation signal is provided to the drive configured to at least partially mitigate harmonics during the operation of the drive. The harmonic mitigation signal is inhibited based upon presence of an error condition associated with the drive input. The inhibiting is terminated based upon the absence of the error condition. A diagnostic fault condition based upon a number of occurrences of the error condition.
Variable frequency drive self-check
Diagnostic and/or control methods, systems and apparatuses for variable frequency drives are disclosed. The variable frequency drive may be controlled by a controller that may conduct one or more tests or evaluations. The tests or evaluations may include determining whether a switching device in the variable frequency drive is open-circuited, short-circuited, or operating normally. The tests may include determining whether current provided at an inverter output of the variable frequency drive is within a predetermined range. An exemplary embodiment evaluates the drive for a short circuit condition, an open circuit condition, and a sensor error or failure condition, controls operation of the drive based upon these one or more evaluations, may abort operation of the drive based upon one or more evaluations, and may set a fault code indicative of the type of error encountered.
Apparatus and method for controlling temperature change in motor
An apparatus for controlling a temperature change in a motor may include a rotor resistance estimator calculating a rotor resistance estimation value of the motor utilizing a DQ-axis voltage command value and a coordinate conversion DQ-axis current value, a synchronous angle estimator estimating a synchronous angle utilizing the rotor resistance estimation value, a rotor angular velocity of the motor and a DQ-axis current command value, a coordinate converter creating the coordinate conversion DQ-axis current value utilizing the synchronous angle and a sensing current value, a current controller creating the DQ-axis voltage command value utilizing the DQ-axis current command value and the coordinate conversion DQ-axis current value, and a power conversion unit converting the power according to the DQ-axis voltage command value and supplying the converted power to the motor.
Pulse motor driving circuit and method of driving a pulse motor
A pulse motor driving circuit for driving a pulse motor includes a first switch having a terminal that is connected with a positive terminal of a power source; a second switch having a terminal that is connected with a negative terminal of the power source; and a capacitor having a terminal connected with a limit element and having another terminal connected with another terminal of the first switch and another terminal of the second switch, wherein the limit element is provided between the positive terminal and the capacitor and limits a current, wherein the first switch is turned on and the second switch is turned off in a current application start period while the current starts to be applied, wherein the first switch is turned off and the second switch is turned on in a period other than the current application start period.
Electric motor and motor controller
An electric motor controller having a front face and a rear face, the front face carrying a plurality of AC output couplings and the controller carrying a converter configured to convert a received DC supply into an output AC supply for controlling an electric motor, the AC output couplings being disposed symmetrically about an axis of symmetry of the controller on the front face of the controller. Also described is an apparatus comprising: a DC series motor; and a first current supply configured to supply a first current to an armature of the DC series motor; a second current supply configured to supply a second current to a field winding of the DC series motor; and a controller configured to control the first current supply to supply the first current based on a required torque output for the motor, and to control the second current supply to supply the second current based on the first current.
Power system, power converter controlling apparatus, and electric vehicle having the power system
A controlling apparatus includes a storage unit for storing, for each sampling period, a combination of a primary frequency of connected induction motors and the amplitude of a voltage command value, and a gradient detection unit for calculating a value corresponding to an increase in the amplitude of the voltage command value divided by an increase in the primary frequency, and for outputting a failure signal upon determining, when a result of the division is less than a predetermined reference value, that the plurality of induction motors include at least one induction motor having a phase sequence that includes incorrect wiring with respect to the power converter.
System and method for maximizing efficiency of three-phase inverter-based power systems
A system and method for operating an inverter to maximize an overall efficiency of a power system is disclosed. A power system includes an inverter having an arrangement of switching devices that are selectively operable in On and Off states to invert a DC output to an AC output having controlled current and voltage. A controller selectively controls operation of the arrangement of switching devices via a discontinuous pulse width modulation (DPWM) scheme, so as to regulate an average voltage of the AC output. In controlling operation of the arrangement of switching devices via the DPWM scheme, the controller is programmed to generate a DPWM reference waveform having an initial phase angle, determine a system efficiency of the power system during operation, calculate an optimal phase angle for the DPWM reference waveform based on the determined system efficiency, and generate a DPWM reference waveform having the calculated optimal phase angle.
Three-level power converting apparatus with reduced conduction loss
First to sixth switching elements forming a power conversion circuit for one phase in a three-level power converting apparatus include transistor elements and diode elements connected in reverse parallel to the transistor elements. Second, third, fifth, and sixth transistor elements are configured by MOSFETs that enable an electric current to flow in two directions.
DC side fault isolator for high voltage DC convertors
The direct current (DC) side fault isolator for high voltage direct current (HVDC) converters (10) includes a first set of double thyristor switches (12) connected across the line-to-line voltage terminals between first and second phases of alternating current (AC) terminals of a HVDC converter (14), and a second set of double thyristor switches (12) connected across the line-to-line voltage between the second phase and a third phase of the AC terminals of the HVDC converter (14). In use, the first and second sets of double thyristor switches (12) separate the HVDC converter (10) from an external power grid (18) during direct current (DC) side faults by turning on these thyristors (12).
Control method for direct power converter
A converter performs full-wave rectification on a single-phase voltage, thus outputting a rectified voltage across DC power supply lines. An inverter receives the rectified voltage and then supplies a three-phase AC current to an inductive load. Between the DC power supply lines is connected a charge and discharge circuit. The charge and discharge circuit includes a buffer circuit and a boost circuit. The buffer circuit includes a series connection between a capacitor and a switch. The boost circuit, which may be configured by a boost chopper, includes a switch, a reactor and a diode. The charge and discharge circuit provides and receives part of pulsations of the power input to the converter between the DC power supply lines.
Bidirectional DC/DC converter, and bidirectional power converter
In a discharging operation of a vehicle storage battery, a controller switches between a full-wave rectification operation of full-wave rectify a voltage across a second winding while maintaining a second short circuit in an open state, and a full-wave voltage doubling rectification operation of full-wave voltage doubling rectify a voltage across second winding while maintaining second short circuit in a closed state, based on magnitude relationship between DC voltage across first terminals and DC voltage across second terminals. In a charging operation, controller switches between a full-wave rectification operation of full-wave rectify a voltage across a first winding while maintaining a first short circuit in an open state, and a full-wave voltage doubling rectification operation of full-wave voltage doubling rectify a voltage across first winding while maintaining first short circuit in a closed state, based on magnitude relationship between DC voltage across first terminals and DC voltage across second terminals.
Control circuit, control method and primary-controlled flyback converter using the same
In one embodiment, a control circuit configured to control a power stage circuit of a primary-controlled flyback converter, can include: (i) a current sense circuit that generates a current sense signal by sampling a primary current; (ii) a voltage sense circuit that generates a voltage sense signal by sampling an auxiliary voltage after a blanking time has elapsed; (iii) a control signal generator that generates a switch control signal according to the voltage sense signal and the current sense signal; and (iv) the switch control signal being configured to control a power switch of the power stage circuit, where the switch control signal is active during a constant on time.
Power supply apparatus
A power supply apparatus is provided which includes a power supply; a DC/DC converter including a switching element of an upper arm, a switching element of a lower arm and a reactor; a first switch provided between the switching element of the lower arm and the negative electrode of the power supply, the first switch being normally closed; a power supply fuse provided between the positive electrode of the power supply and the other end of the reactor; a second power supply fuse connected to the power supply fuse in parallel; a second switch connected to the second power supply fuse in series and connected to the power supply in parallel, the second switch being normally opened; and a controller that opens the first switch and closes the second switch upon a short circuit failure of the switching element of the lower arm being detected.
Signal control circuit and switching apparatus for increased current control
A signal control circuit and a switching apparatus are provided. The switching apparatus includes: a switch for controlling a current flowing through an inductive element; a monitoring node connected with the switch; and a signal control circuit, connected with the monitoring node and a reference voltage, for turning on/off the switch, wherein the signal control circuit includes an integrator for generating a comparison voltage by using a monitoring voltage of the monitoring node and the reference voltage, wherein the integrator includes: a resistor unit; a capacitor unit; and an auto-calibrator for receiving at least one selection signal and determining at least one of a resistance of the resistor unit and a capacitance of the capacitor unit, during a power-up period, and allowing a peak value of the comparison voltage to fall within a target range.
Negative charge pump with soft start
A charge pump circuit is coupled between a positive supply node and a ground node. The charge pump circuit operates in response to clock signals output from a clock generator to produce a negative voltage at a negative voltage output node. A soft-start circuit for the charge pump circuit includes a comparison circuit configured to compare a varying intermediate voltage sensed between a rising supply voltage and the negative voltage to a ramp voltage during a start-up period of the charge pump circuit. The clock generator is selectively enabled to generate the clock signals in response to the comparison to provide for pulse-skipping.
Method for detecting failure of soft start and variable frequency device
A method for detecting failure of soft start includes: connecting a variable frequency device to a load; detecting an energy storage unit at a first voltage level; generating an output current to the load; detecting the energy storage unit changed from the first voltage level into a second voltage level; generating a reference voltage value according to the output current and determining whether a voltage difference value between the first voltage level and the second voltage level is larger than the reference voltage value; determining whether a voltage peak-to-peak value of the energy storage unit is smaller than a set value by the controller if the voltage difference value is larger than the reference voltage value; and controlling the inverter circuit to stop outputting the output current to the load if the voltage peak-to-peak value is smaller than the set value.
Power conversion apparatus
A power conversion apparatus is applied to a filter circuit. A reactor of the filter circuit includes a vertical pair of yoke iron cores, in each of which a thin strip of magnetic material is rolled in a toroidal manner and magnetic leg iron cores having respective phases being a pillar formed of thin-strip shaped magnetic material, being provided on a symmetrical position on a circumference with respect to a center of the yoke iron cores, connecting the vertical pair of the yoke iron cores, and providing a coil. The reactor also includes magnetic leg iron cores for zero-phase impedance having the respective phases, each having a rectangular parallelepiped shape in which a plurality of thin strips made of magnetic material are laminated in a direction toward a periphery from the center of the yoke iron cores and being provided between the magnetic leg iron cores.
Method of making a lundell claw rotor with resin
A method of manufacturing a rotor for an electric rotating machine is provided. According to the method, resin is applied and impregnated to a surface of a winding through windows of a wavy clearance between pawl parts opposed to each other of a pair of pole cores. Uncured resin having fluidity is dropped to at least one part area of the outer surface of the winding. The uncured resin, immediately after dropping, is spread on the outer surface of the winding, and the uncured resin adheres to the outer surface of the winding other than the part area.
Rotor having permanent magnet and method of manufacturing the same
A rotor having permanent magnets 10 includes: a laminated core body 13 having a shaft hole 12 in the center thereof and magnet insertion holes 15 around the shaft hole 12; permanent magnets 16 disposed in the respective magnet insertion holes 15; and first and second end face plates 18, 19 disposed on one axial end and the other axial end of the laminated core body 13, respectively, the first and second end face plates 18, 19 including first and second through holes 32, 33, respectively. The first and second through holes 32, 33 each overlap a contour of a magnet insertion hole 15 on a radially inner side or a radially outer side in a plan view, and have first and second tapered portions 34, 35 gradually expanding the diameter toward the magnet insertion hole 15, respectively.
Core of rotating electrical machine having fixing agent for fixing permanent magnets in accommodating slots and method for manufacturing the core
A core has accommodating slots each accommodating a permanent magnet. A fixing agent is injected into the space between the inner surface of each accommodating slot and the outer surface of the associated permanent magnet. A liquid-crystal polymer is used as the fixing agent. More specifically, liquid-crystal polyester is used.
Method and device for manufacturing a laminated stator core
The method for manufacturing a stator of an electric machine includes providing a lamination element extending over an annular sector, horizontally moving the lamination element towards a fitting zone, then angularly regulating the lamination element position, and connecting the lamination element to other lamination elements to define the stator.
Stator housing having heat pipe with wick
An electric motor includes a housing and at least one heat pipe for dissipating heat is integrated in the housing. Substantially all functional elements of the motor are disposed in the housing.
Coolant supplying and collecting apparatus and motor including the same
The coolant supplying and collecting apparatus is inserted along an inner diameter of a rotary shaft of a motor. The apparatus includes a first body section having a hole section formed at one side thereof, and a second body section inserted into and fixed to the first body section. The apparatus is configured to provide a moving path of a fluid along an inner diameter thereof. A channel section is formed between an inner circumferential surface of the first body section and an outer circumferential surface of the second body section and extends in a longitudinal direction to provide a moving path of the fluid in the hole section direction.
Dual redundant motor/generator for an engine
An exemplary electrical system may include a power plant and a dual motor/generator assembly coupled to each other. The power plant may be a gas turbine engine, and may be operable to provide motive power. The dual motor/generator assembly may include a first motor/generator and a second motor/generator operatively coupled to a common gear shaft, and a gear box configured to couple the first motor/generator and the second motor/generator to the power plant. The first motor/generator and the second motor/generator may be operable to selectively provide power to or extract power from the power plant. The dual motor/generator assembly may be configured such that the first motor/generator and the second motor/generator may operate together at part loads, or individually as a main and a redundant, backup to the other.
Direct drive for a rotation machine, particularly for a container treatment machine
A direct drive for a rotation machine, particularly for a container treatment machine, this drive including a fixed machine part (1) and a machine part (2) rotating around a vertical machine axis, wherein the rotating machine part (2) is rotationally connected to the fixed machine part (1) by a roller bearing (3) arranged between the two machine parts (1, 2) and having an outer bearing ring (4), an inner bearing ring (5) and a plurality of rolling elements rolling between said bearing rings (4, 5), and can be driven by a torque motor (7). On the rotating machine part (1), a plurality of magnets (8) is provided, surrounding the rotating machine part, while on the fixed machine part (1), a stator (12) formed of a plurality of electric coils (9, 10, 11) is arranged, such that the rotating machine part (2) can be set in a defined rotational motion through an electromagnetic field generated when the stator (12) is energized in cooperation with the magnets (8). The stator (12) on the fixed machine part (1) is formed as a full ring of 360° covering, without gaps, all magnets (8) on the rotating machine part (2), this full ring being composed of a number of stator ring segments (13.1, 13.2, 13.3, 13.4, 13.5) adjacent to one another and connected to one another by an electrical series connection and also composed of a number of stop elements (14.1, 14.2, 14.3, 14.4, 14.5) arranged between the stator ring segments (13.1, 13.2, 13.3, 13.4, 13.5) for fixing the stator ring segments (13.1, 13.2, 13.3, 13.4, 13.5) in a circumferential and radial direction.
Apparatus and an assembly for emulating an impulse force exerted by a skeletal muscle
Various embodiments provide, an apparatus for emulating an impulse force exerted by a skeletal muscle, the apparatus including a mass and an actuator, the actuator being adapted to exert a unidirectional force, a unidirectional torque, a unidirectional moment or a unidirectional couple, on the mass, the apparatus being configured in use to selectively couple together the mass and the actuator so that the unidirectional force, a unidirectional torque, a unidirectional moment or a unidirectional couple exerted on the mass by the actuator emulates the impulse force.
Rotor device of integrated stater-generator motor and rotor working system
A rotor device of an integrated starter-generator motor and a rotor working system are disclosed in the present invention. The rotor device is a monobloc cast, that is machined, to form an inseparable one-piece structure. The rotor device takes the shape of a straw hat and is provided with an external side surface of a hat top being surface (11), an external side surface of a hat brim being surface (13), an inner side surface of the hat brim being surface (12) and a surface (14) which connects the surface (11) with the surface (13). The surface (11) of the rotor device is provided with multiple through holes (1) used for fixing with a crankshaft (82). The surface (12) of the rotor device is provided with multiple threaded holes (2) used for connecting with a clutch. The threaded holes (2) pass through the surface (13) corresponding to the surface (12).
Stator for rotational electrical machine with U shaped conductor segments with bent and sloped end winding at varying angles and dimension
A stator for a rotational electrical machine includes a cylindrical stator core and a stator winding. The stator core includes slots arranged at intervals in a circumferential direction. The slots pass through the stator core in an axial direction. The stator winding is obtained by joining together ends of U-shaped conductors inserted through the slots. A second insertion part is located away from a first insertion part in the circumferential direction and is inserted in its corresponding slot. A joining end part is joined to another U-shaped conductor at a joining position away from the insertion part in the circumferential direction. The joining end part includes a first bent part and at least one second bent part. The first bent part is bent near an opening of its corresponding slot. The second bent part is bent between the first bent part and the joining position.
A stator arrangement for an electric machine is provided. The stator arrangement includes a stator having a stator yoke with a number of stator slots, with each stator slot accommodating at least one set of stator windings and at least one cooling device in the shape of a duct-like pipe. The duct-like pipe is divided in two or more separate cooling channels.
Electric machine rotor with rotor vent and axial slot fluid communication
A rotor of an electric machine is provided and includes first and second core elements formed to define annular arrays of axial slots and rotor bar openings, each axial slot being fluidly communicative with a corresponding one of the rotor bar openings and a spacer element interposed between the first and second core elements to define a rotor vent opening fluidly communicative with the axial slots.
Rotor with blade portions and rotating electric machine having the same
A rotor for a rotating electric machine includes a core body having a through-hole, a magnet, a tubular portion, and a plate part having an opening. The through-hole passes through the core body in a thickness direction. The magnet is disposed on an outer wall of the core body. The tubular portion is placed radially-outward of the core body. The plate part seals at least one end of the tubular portion in an axial direction. The opening is provided at a position corresponding to the through-hole and passes through the plate part in a thickness direction. The through-hole is one of a plurality of the through-holes, and the magnet is one of a plurality of the magnets.
Insulation member for use with a stator assembly and method of assembling the stator assembly
An insulation member for use with a stator assembly is provided. The insulation member includes a body and a cuff. The body includes a first end and an opposite second end, at least one tooth portion, and at least one yoke portion that extends from the at least one tooth portion. The cuff is formed from at least one of the first end and the second end of the body and extends along at least one of the at least one tooth portion and at least one yoke portion.
Wireless laser system for power transmission utilizing a gain medium between retroreflectors
An optical power beam transmission systems, with a directional light transmitter and receiver. The transmitter contains an amplifying laser medium, and this together with a retroreflector in the receiver, forms a laser resonator. When lasing sets in, the receiver can extract optical power through an output coupler and convert it to electrical power. The gain medium may be a disc having a thickness substantially smaller than its lateral dimensions. The laser resonator is operated as a stable resonator to ensure safe operation. This is achieved by use of an adaptive optical element, for reducing the diameter of the energy beam impinging on the gain medium, thereby increasing the overlap between the energy beam and the gain medium. As the transmitter-receiver distance is changed, such as by movement of the receiver, the adaptive optical element focal length changes to ensure that the cavity remains within its stability zone.
Electric power converter having the function of switching power supply systems in the event of power failure
An electric power converter includes a power failure detection circuit for detecting a power failure state of each power supply system, a first switch having contact points connected to the power supply systems and one output terminal and, when the power failure detection circuit detects a power failure in at least one power supply system, switches to connect to the output terminal of the contact point connected to one of the other power supply systems, a second switch having a charging circuit to inhibit an inrush current from the power supply systems and one input terminal connected to the output terminal of the first switch and switches to connect the input terminal to a contact point on an input side of the charging circuit for a predetermined duration in synchronization with the switching among the power supply systems by the first switch unit, and an electric power conversion circuit.
Variable power energy harvesting system
The disclosed invention provides examples of preferred embodiments including systems for harvesting energy from variable output energy harvesting apparatus. The systems include energy harvesting apparatus for providing energy input to a switched mode power supply and a control loop for dynamically adjusting energy harvesting apparatus input to the switched mode power supply, whereby system output power is substantially optimized to the practical. Exemplary embodiments of the invention include systems for harvesting energy using solar cells in boost, buck, and buck-boost configurations.
Power management apparatus
A power management apparatus cooperates with a controlled apparatus and is electrically connected to a power system. The power management apparatus includes an energy storing module, a switching module and a comparing module. The energy storing module is electrically connected to the controlled apparatus, and the switching module is electrically connected to the energy storing module. The comparing module is electrically connected to the switching module and receives a detection signal. The comparing module generates a periodic signal to control the switching module according to the detection signal. The energy storing module stores an electric energy during a cycle of the periodic signal and releases the electric energy during other cycle after the said cycle. Thereby, the power management apparatus is capable of effectively protecting the controlled apparatus, avoiding the waste of the power, and storing and using extra power.
Implantable medical devices and systems having inductive telemetry and recharge on a single coil
Implantable devices and related systems utilize a single coil for both inductive telemetry at one telemetry signal frequency and recharge at another recharge energy frequency. The coil is included in a tank circuit that may have a variable reactance. During telemetry, particularly outside of a recharge period, the reactance may be set so that the tank circuit is tuned to the telemetry frequency. During recharge, the reactance is set so that the tank circuit is tuned to the recharge frequency. Furthermore, the tank circuit may have a Q that is sufficiently small that the tank circuit receives telemetry frequency signals that can be decoded by a receiver while the tank is tuned to the recharge frequency so that telemetry for recharge status purposes may be done during the recharge period without changing the tuning of the tank circuit.
Method for managing the charging of a rechargeable battery of a motor vehicle
A method for managing charging of a rechargeable battery including at least one module including at least one electrochemical cell, the method including estimating a heat flow produced in the at least one module using an observer estimating overall internal resistance of the electrochemical cells of the module.
Mobile device case with finger grips
A mobile device case with extendable finger grips. The mobile device case couples to a mobile device and includes a pair of pivotable grip wings disposed on a back portion thereof. The grip wings pivot from a stored position that is generally parallel to the back surface of the case to an extended position that is generally perpendicular to the back surface. The grip wings each include a generally rigid frame with a more pliable, cushioned insert disposed therein. The insert provides a plurality of finger slots in which a user's fingers can be disposed to aid holding the mobile device while interacting with an input surface, e.g. a touch screen, using the thumbs. The grip wings can also be extended to support the mobile device in a propped up position on a surface for hands-free viewing.
Battery protection device and operation method thereof
A battery protection device adapted to be electrically connected to a load and a battery set and including a signal terminal, a discharge circuit and a control circuit is provided. The signal terminal is electrically connected to the load. The discharge circuit is electrically connected to the signal terminal. The control circuit detects a sensing voltage from the signal terminal, and counts a number of times that the battery protection device is switched to a protection mode from a normal mode, so as to obtain a counting value. The control circuit determines whether to enter the protection mode or the normal mode according to a reference voltage. In the protection mode, the control circuit adjusts the reference voltage or the control circuit controls the discharge circuit to form a discharge path passing through the signal terminal, the discharge circuit and a ground.
Battery pack including sensing board and power storage system employing the same
A battery pack includes a battery unit including rechargeable batteries, a sensing board, the sensing board configured to process status information detected from the batteries, and a harness wire, the harness wire connecting the batteries and the sensing board so that the status information can be transmitted to the sensing board.
Power transmission device, power transmission method, and storage medium
A power transmission device includes a reception unit configured to receive, from each of a plurality of power reception devices as power transmission objects, identification information for identification of the power reception device, a device determination unit configured to determine, based on the identification information, whether each of the power reception devices is a registered device that has been registered beforehand, and a power transmission unit configured to transmit power to the registered device.
Battery device and energy storage system including the same
Provided is an energy storage system including: a battery device that is configured from multiple battery unit modules; and a power converting system that is configured to be connected to the battery device and that converts electric power that is applied between an electric power system and the battery device, in which the battery device includes multiple switches, each of which establishes a connection between each of the battery unit modules and the power converting system.
Method for calculating continuation power flow of electric power system
A method for obtaining a continuous power flow of an electric power system is provided. The method uses the bus having the fastest voltage drop as the local parameterization bus, defines a slope of a line determined by the voltage of the geometric parameterization bus and the load growth factor as the parameterization variable, and adds a one-dimensional geometric parameterization constraint equation near turning points to obtain a nonsingular extended power flow equation, such that the continuation power flow can cross the turning points and a continuous P-V curve can be drawn reliably.
Power supply system and method for converting power thereof
A power supply system includes an input stage converting circuit, a first energy storage component, and an output stage converting circuit. The first energy storage component is electrically coupled to the input stage converting circuit, and the output stage converting circuit is electrically coupled to the first energy storage component. The input stage converting circuit is configured to charge the first energy storage component, and the first energy storage component stores charging electricity. The output stage converting circuit is configured to convert the charging electricity into output electricity and provide the output electricity to a load. The input stage converting circuit has a first electric power, and the output stage converting circuit has a second electric power greater than the first electric power. A method for converting power of the power converter is also disclosed herein.
Interface supply system
An interface supply system includes a switching power supply, a control chip, and a control circuit. The control circuit is coupled to the switching power supply and the control chip. The switching power supply is configured to supply power to an interface. The control circuit is configured to be switched on and output a detection signal to the control chip when the switching power supply and the control chip are shorted. The control chip is configured to not supply power to the interface after receiving the detection signal.
Broadband surge suppression module having optical coupling channel
A broadband surge suppression module having an optical coupling channel includes a surge protection circuit unit for eliminating or limiting a surge signal from an input digital signal, a light-emitting circuit unit for receiving an output signal of the surge protection circuit unit, converting the output signal into an optical signal, and transmitting the optical signal, a light-receiving circuit unit for receiving the optical signal from the light-emitting circuit unit, a signal restoration circuit unit for restoring a digital signal from an output signal of the light-receiving circuit unit, and a module casing unit for allowing the surge protection circuit unit, the light-emitting circuit unit, the light-receiving circuit unit, and the signal restoration circuit unit to be located therein, the module casing unit being formed to penetrate through an electromagnetic shielding wall for protecting a control system.
Device for limiting disturbances of an electrical nature
A device for limiting disturbances of an electrical nature, such as currents induced by overvoltages caused by these disturbances, in particular electromagnetic, for example relating to events of lightning type in an electrical installation, including at least one protection apparatus of isolator or differential breaker type intended to protect at least one downstream electrical installation having at least one load and being powered between a neutral conductor and at least one phase conductor and including an earth link. A common-mode low-pass filter is connected in parallel between the neutral and each phase on one hand, and earth on the other hand.
Protection system against reverse battery connection
A protection system against reverse battery connection according to an embodiment includes a controller configured to output a first square wave signal including a third square wave signal and a fourth square wave signal to an input terminal of a transformer using a first DC voltage, the transformer configured to output a second square wave signal obtained by transforming the first square wave signal, a rectifier configured to rectify the second square wave signal to output a second DC voltage, and a transistor configured to perform protection against reverse connection of a battery using the second DC voltage.
Flat cable winding device and assembling method thereof
Provided is a flat cable winding device and an assembling method thereof, which can prevent slack of a flat cable and achieve smooth winding and leading out of the flat cable. A flat cable winding device includes a rotating table, a plurality of rollers, and a central shaft rotatably and pivotally supporting the rotating table. The central shaft includes an auxiliary wound portion in which the flat cable is wound for at least one turn. An inner wound portion is formed along an outer circumference of the auxiliary wound portion, and an outer wound portion is formed along outer circumferences of the plurality of rollers, thereby preventing the slack at the inner wound portion when leading out the flat cable.
Outdoor electrical box
An electrical box includes a body, a cover that is movable relative to the body, and an electrical connection point that is mounted to the cover. The electrical connection point may be one or more of an electrical receptacle, a data jack, and/or the like. The cover may be attached to the body by a sliding hinge connection or a sliding pin connection that allows the cover to rotate relative to the body as well as translate relative to the body. An air pocket substantially filling a compartment in the cover is maintained during an opening or closing of the electrical box.
Sealing cover boot and cover and interconnection junctions protected thereby
A hollow cover boot formed of an elastomeric material includes, in merging succession, a cable collar, a main section, a transition section, and an interconnection section, wherein the main section has a diameter greater than the cable collar and the interconnection section, and the transition section tapers between the main section and the cable collar.
Cap shielded ignition system
A system for igniting a mixture in an internal combustion engine includes an elongate plug body generally residing around a center longitudinal axis and adapted to couple to the internal combustion engine. The system also includes a first ignition body residing about an end of the plug body and a second ignition body adjacent the first ignition body to define a flame kernel initiation gap between the second ignition body and the first ignition body. The system also includes a transversely extending cap at the end of the plug body that is longitudinally spaced from the plug body by a support comprising a leg that is radially offset from the center longitudinal axis, the support defining a peripheral opening around a perimeter of the cap where a total radially-facing area of the support is less than a total area of the peripheral opening.
High voltage connection sealing method for corona ignition coil
A corona igniter assembly 20 comprises an ignition coil assembly 22, a firing end assembly 24, and a metal tube 26 connecting the ignition coil assembly 22 to the firing end assembly 24. A rubber boot 28 is disposed in the metal tube 26 and compressed symmetrically between a coil output member 30 of the ignition coil assembly 22 and an insulator 42 of the firing end assembly 24. Thus, the rubber boot 28 fills any air gaps and provides a hermetic seal between the ignition coil assembly 22 and the firing end assembly 24 to prevent unwanted corona discharge from forming from those air gaps.
Surface emitting semiconductor laser device
There is provided a surface emitting semiconductor laser including: a substrate; and a semiconductor layer including: a first semiconductor multilayer film having plural sets of specific layers, a second semiconductor multilayer film having plural sets of specific layers, and an active layer provided between them, so as to constitute a resonator.
Method for testing tunable wavelength laser device and tunable wavelength laser device
A method for testing a tunable wavelength laser device, which can suppress any error of light transmission characteristics of an etalon, and a tunable wavelength laser device are provided. The method for testing a tunable wavelength laser device is a method for testing a tunable wavelength laser device including a tunable wavelength laser and a wavelength sensing unit having an etalon. The testing method includes a first step of measuring a free spectral range interval of the etalon, a second step of acquiring a driving condition by tuning a wavelength to a target value provided between a top and a bottom of the free spectral range interval, and a third step of storing the driving condition in a memory.
The disclosure provides an optical module, including a laser, the laser including a light emitting region and a modulation region, and light emitted by the light emitting region emitting toward the modulation region; a first driver circuit, the first driver circuit being connected to the light emitting region, so that the light emitting region emits light with adjusted optical power; and a second driver circuit, the second driver circuit being connected to the modulation region, so that the modulation region changes the optical power of the light emitted from the light emitting region.
Device comprising an optical fiber having a high brillouin threshold and method for manufacturing such a device
According to one aspect, the invention relates to a device comprising an optical fiber having a high Brillouin threshold, said device including an optical fiber (101) suitable for propagating a high-power optical signal beam, means (11) for coupling a signal beam to an entrance end of the optical fiber (101) and a tubular structure (10) comprising at least one first tube (103) and at least one first adhesive material (102). According to the present description, at least one portion of the optical fiber is immobilized in the tubular structure (10) by means of the first adhesive material (102), which adheres both to the internal surface of the first tube (103) and to the external surface of the optical fiber (101). Furthermore, at room temperature and with no other external stresses on the device, the immobilized portion of the optical fiber (101) is maintained in a compressive state by the tubular structure, the compressive state being such that the relative deformation of the optical fiber is negative or zero in its portion immobilized in the tubular structure, the maximum value of the relative deformation of the immobilized portion of the optical fiber being higher in absolute value than 0.3%.
Trichel pulse energy devices
Coherent Trichel Pulse transient energy emissions by directing energetic triggers for driving to unstable a Trichel Pulse generator (TPG) charged electrode or gap to elicit a phased or delayed emitted photon energy Trichel Pulse and electronic driven current pulse nearly contemporaneously due to electronic flow eruptive cascade into the discharge gap. Triggered random laser spherical emission or directed energy provided by concentric spherical or linear resonator mirrors optically pumping the spherical center TPG glow region of maximum energy densities at the spherical center provided with take off linear transmission of the resonator stimulated emissions providing linear propagation and targeting.
Self-locking atomic emission laser with an intracavity atomic plasma as the resonance line seeder
An intracavity plasma solid state laser with an emission line radiation source of determined wavelength seeding a semiconductor laser gain medium providing a high power laser beam of the determined wavelength. A plasma cell generates a determined wavelength based on an atomic emission line that is received by the semiconductor laser or laser diode having a broadband output encompassing the determined wavelength received from the plasma cell. The laser diode locks on to the determined wavelength and emits a high powered laser beam of the determined wavelength. The intracavity plasma solid state laser creates a laser beam of narrow linewidth comparable to the natural Voight or Doppler linewidth of atomic transition and higher power in a smaller size than previously possible. The intracavity plasma solid state laser is easily manufactured and suitable for placement in an array for targeting a predetermined area.
System and method for high-power, pulsed ring fiber oscillator
A ring laser includes a large-core rare-earth-doped fiber ring-connected with a free-space path having an electro-optic switch, output coupler, and intracavity band-pass filter to enforce lasing operation in narrow wavelength range. In some cavity-dumped modes, the laser is configured in a similar manner, except that an output coupler is omitted since the optical power is extracted from the laser cavity by the electro-optic switch itself. The same laser can be configured to operate in Q-switched and/or cavity-dumping modes as well as in hybrid modes (e.g., partial Q-switch, followed by cavity dumping, or even CW). In some embodiments, the laser can be used as, or inject laser light into, a regenerative solid-state amplifier, or a Raman laser, or can be also used to generate visible, ultra-violet, mid-infrared, and far-infrared (THz) radiation via nonlinear wavelength conversion processes. The various embodiments can use a power oscillator or seed-plus-amplifier MOPA configuration.
Rare-earth doped gain fibers
Rare earth oxides doped multicomponent glass fibers for laser generation and amplification, including a core and a cladding, the core comprising at least 2 weight percent glass network modifier selected from BaO, CaO, MgO, ZnO, PbO, K2O, Na2O, Li2O, Y2O3, or combinations; wherein the mode of the core is guided with step index difference between the core and the cladding, a numerical aperture of the fiber is between 0.01 and 0.04; core diameter is from 25 to 120 micron, and a length of the gain fiber is shorter than 60 cm.
Optical surface preservation techniques and apparatus
Techniques and architecture are disclosed for preserving optical surfaces (e.g., windows, coatings, etc.) in a flowing gas amplifier laser system, such as a diode-pumped alkali laser (DPAL) system. In some instances, the disclosed techniques/architecture can be used, for example, to protect optical surfaces in a DPAL system from: (1) chemical attack by pump-bleached alkali vapor atoms and/or ions; and/or (2) fouling by adherence thereto of reaction products/soot produced in the DPAL. Also, in some instances, the disclosed techniques/architecture can be used to substantially match the geometry of the pumping volume with that of the lasing volume, thereby minimizing or otherwise reducing the effects of amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) on DPAL output power. Furthermore, in some cases, the disclosed techniques/architecture can be used to provide a DPAL system capable of producing a beam output power in the range of about 20 kW to 10 MW, or greater.
Pulsed laser sources
Modelocked fiber laser resonators may be coupled with optical amplifiers. An isolator optionally may separate the resonator from the amplifier. A reflective optical element on one end of the resonator having a relatively low reflectivity may be employed to couple light from the resonator to the amplifier. Enhanced pulse-width control may be provided with concatenated sections of both polarization-maintaining and non-polarization-maintaining fibers. Apodized fiber Bragg gratings and integrated fiber polarizers may also be included in the laser cavity to assist in linearly polarizing the output of the cavity. Very short pulses with a large optical bandwidth may be obtained by matching the dispersion value of the grating to the inverse of the dispersion of the intra-cavity fiber. Frequency comb sources may be constructed from such modelocked fiber oscillators. Low dispersion and an in-line interferometer that provides feedback may assist in controlling the frequency components output from the comb source.
Arrangement having a power-electronic component and a DC-voltage busbar
An arrangement having a DC-voltage busbar and a power component. The power component has two flat DC-voltage connection conductors, each with a contact section and arranged closely adjacent to one another. Each connection conductor has a clamping section beside the respective contact section in the direction of current flow. The busbar has two partial busbars, each with a contact section and arranged closely adjacent to one another. Each partial busbar has a clamping section beside the respective contact section in the direction of current flow. The contact section of at least one connection conductor is electrically connected to the contact section of the associated partial busbar by connecting the clamping sections of the connection conductor to the clamping section of the partial busbars in a flat and force-fitting manner above one another and the respective contact sections therefore lying directly flat on one another.
Electrical connector system
An electrical connector system including a male connector having a male terminal that defines a first blade longitudinally projecting from the male terminal and a second blade longitudinally projecting from the same male terminal. A first blade width is less than a second blade width and a first blade length is less than a second blade length. The male terminal further defines a pair of crimp wings configured to attach the male terminal to a wire cable. The system further includes a female connector having a first female terminal configured to receive the first blade and a second female terminal configured to receive the second blade, thereby electrically interconnecting the first female terminal, the second female terminal, and the wire cable.
Wall feed-through device
A connector assembly for transmitting electrical energy through a wall opening, including a horizontal generally-rectangular first connector housing arranged on one side of the wall with a collar portion of the first housing extending through the wall opening. The collar portion contains a plurality of horizontal parallel coplanar first through bores in which are mounted a plurality of electrically conductive spring contacts, respectively. A second connector housing arranged on the other side of the wall opening contains a recess receiving the collar portion, and a plurality of second bores extending collinearly opposite the first bores, respectively. An electrically conductive comb member includes a plurality of integral pin portions that extend from a common spine portion through the second bores and into the first bores for electrical engagement with the spring contacts, respectively, thereby to connect conductors arranged on opposite sides of the wall.
Electronic device and loose-proof module
A loose-proof module is used for fixing a connector, wherein the connector has two engaging hooks and a deformation space exists between each engaging hook and a side wall of the connector. The loose-proof module includes a support frame and a fixing member. The support frame has a fixing hole, a first through hole and a first engaging portion. The first engaging portion extends from a bottom surface of the support frame and is adjacent to the first through hole. The fixing member has a second engaging portion and two stop portions. When the connector is inserted into the fixing hole, the engaging hooks are engaged with a top surface of the support frame. When the second engaging portion is inserted into the first through hole, the second engaging portion is engaged with the first engaging portion and each stop portion is sandwiched in the deformation space correspondingly.
Connector and connector unit
A connector includes a fixed contact, a movable contact provided on one end of a movable plate, a connection terminal to be connected to another connection terminal of another connector, the connection terminal being connected to the fixed contact or the movable contact, a card provided in contact with the movable plate, a button provided in contact with the card, and a slide provided in contact with the button. With the connection terminal being in contact with the other connection terminal, the slide is contacted and pressed by a part of the other connector to slide to move the button, and the movable plate is moved by the movement of the button via the card so that the movable contact moves into contact with the fixed contact.
A power cord includes a plug. The plug includes plural blades to be respectively inserted into plural blade insertion holes of an electrical outlet for connection. The plug further includes plural thermal sensors provided so that each of the plural blades corresponds to a thermal sensor. The power cord further includes a communication circuit that is configured to notify a control circuit of a load, when a temperature detected by any one of the plural thermal sensors is higher than a predetermined temperature.
Electrical connection box including a circuit substrate
An electric connection box includes a resin plate having a connector terminal soldered to a via hole of a circuit substrate. The circuit substrate and the resin plate are inserted to be housed in an opening part of a casing of the electric connection box. A housing is positioned in the opening part and functioning as a cover closing an opening side of the casing. The circuit substrate is supported by the housing and the casing through the resin plate that is held between the housing and the casing while the circuit substrate is spaced from the housing and the casing.
An electrical connector includes an insulating assembly, terminals, an inner shielding assembly and an outer shielding assembly. The insulating assembly has a tongue board at a front. The terminals are insert molded the insulating assembly and are divided into an upper row and a lower row with contacts portions located at a top side and a bottom side of the tongue board. Outmost two of the upper row of terminals and outmost two of the lower row of terminals are grounding terminals, outsides of rears of the contact portions of the grounding terminals form touch portions. The inner shielding assembly includes an upper shielding piece and a lower shielding piece located to a rear of the tongue board. The outer shielding assembly includes a shielding sleeve sleeving and spaced from the tongue board, the shielding sleeve contacts with at least one of the upper shielding piece and the lower shielding piece.
Electrical connector having good anti-EMI perfprmance
An electrical connector includes an insultive housing and a terminal module retained in the insultive housing. The insultive housing defines an upper sidewall, a lower sidewall opposite to the upper sidewall and a pair of end walls connected with the upper and lower sidewalls, which together form a receiving cavity, each end wall defines a recess communicating with the receiving cavity. The terminal module defines a first module, a second module and a shielding member located between the first module and the second module. The shielding member is an integrated structure and defines a shielding portion, a plurality of elastic contacting arms projecting forwardly from the shielding portion and extending laterally, and a pair of locking portions bending into the corresponding recesses from the opposite sides of the shielding portion, the elastic contacting arms and the locking portions are exposed into the receiving cavity of the insulative housing.
High speed communication jack
A high speed communication jack including a housing including a port for accepting a plug, the port including a plurality of pins each connected to a corresponding signal line in the plug, a shielding case surrounding the housing, a rigid circuit board in the housing having a substrate, a plurality of vias extending through the substrate with each via being configured to accommodate a pin on the housing, a plurality of traces on a middle layer in the substrate, with each trace extending from a corresponding one of the plurality of vias, a first shielding layer on a first side of the middle layer in the substrate, a second shielding layer on a second side of the middle layer in the substrate, and a third shielding layer adjacent to the second shielding layer.
Connector assembly with positional assurance
A connector assembly includes a first connector that includes a ramp. A second connector has a pump handle that includes laterally spaced legs joined at a hook. The hook is configured to interlock with the ramp in an intermediate assembled condition that provides continuity between the first and second connectors. The pump handle has a lower surface. A positional assurance element is movably supported on the second connector and includes a tongue that is arranged between the legs. The tongue includes an upper surface that extends beyond the lower surface such that the tongue and the pump handle overlap one another with the first and second connectors in a nested but unassembled condition. The positional assurance element is configured to move from a retracted position to an extended position while in the intermediate assembled condition to provide a fully assembled condition.
Water resistant USB connection system for vehicles
The present disclosure provides a USB connection system for an open cab vehicle such as a golf car, turf-care vehicle, small maintenance vehicle, shuttle vehicle, cargo vehicle, all-terrain vehicle, utility terrain vehicle, motorcycle, and/or other utility vehicle, and/or other outdoor/off-road vehicle. The USB connection system comprises a module structured and operable to receive and retain at least one USB port, a water protected circuit board located remotely from the USB port(s) and electrically and communicatively connected to the USB port(s). The USB connection system additionally comprises a laterally rotatable slide-away cover that is pivotally connected to the module via a pivot pin longitudinally disposed within a module housing such that the cover can be laterally rotated, between an opened and a closed position about the pivot pin. Furthermore, in various implementations, the module includes at least one water drainage channel structured and operable to drain water away from the USB port(s).
A waterproof connector includes an insulating housing, a terminal assembly, a cover, a clamping part and a filler. The insulating housing has an inserting chamber, a mounting slot, a plurality of terminal grooves, an installing slot and a pair of clamping slots. The terminal assembly includes a plurality of terminals and a mounting lump molded outside the terminals. The mounting lump is mounted in the mounting slot of the insulating housing. The terminals are mounted in the terminal grooves of the insulating housing. The cover attaches on the bottom face of the insulating housing and the mounting lump. The clamping part is fixed in the installing slot of the insulating housing and tails of the clamping part project inward into the inserting chamber of the insulating housing. The filler is integratedly filled in the installing slot of the insulating housing. The waterproof connector greatly improves the waterproof effect.
An electrical connector that includes a connector housing and a contact housing. The connector housing has a contact receiving space with a front opening and a rear opening and a sealing rib extending into the contact receiving space. The contact housing is disposed in the contact receiving space and abuts the sealing rib. An intermediate space, between the contact housing and the connector housing has a front portion and a rear portion being delimited by the sealing rib. An intermediate component is disposed in the rear portion of the intermediate space.
Industrial electrical plug connector
A connector includes a housing, in which at least one contact is arranged. The housing includes at least one contact element, a base, a holder, and at least one lateral surface having an opening for passing a cable through and a holder for attaching a cable gland to the housing. The at least one lateral surface is inclined at an angle (α) of between 30° and 50° relative to the base. The connector also includes at least one cable gland, the cable gland including a support surface inclined relative to a longitudinal direction of the cable gland at an angle (β) of between 40° and 60°.
Electrical cord connection covering techniques
An electrical cord covering system includes a first housing portion and a second housing portion. The housing portions each include compression portions around their respective rims. The compression portions each have two recessed areas. When the housing portions are in a closed position a hollow region is formed to cover mated electrical cord plugs. A rim seal is formed with the compression portions. Two apertures are formed in the rim seal from the recessed apertures. The cable apertures form seals against electrical cords running to the electrical cord plugs.
Electrothermal heating device
An electric heating device includes a box-shaped plug socket provided with a socket-side electroconductive part electrically connected to an electric heater; a power source plug provided with a plug-side electroconductive part electrically connectable to the socket-side electroconductive part and attachable to and detachable from the plug socket; a movement-restricting mechanism for restricting the movement of a protective member both toward and away from a socket-side electroconductive part in a protected state in which the protective member closes an opening of the plug socket and the socket-side electroconductive part are positioned within an interior space; and a switching mechanism for switching the protective member from a restricted movement state into a restriction released state, in which the restriction of movement by the movement restriction mechanism is released, as the power source plug is inserted into the plug socket.
Printed circuit board insulation structure for electronic device
A printed circuit board is fixed to a resin insulation plate by using a first metal screw, and a metal casing is fixed to the resin insulation plate by using a second metal screw. The cuboid insulation plate is arranged to match the shapes of the long sides of the printed circuit board and the metal casing necessary for screw fixation. The first and second metal screws are attached to the resin insulation plate with a lateral shift. This makes it possible to reduce the insulation distance around the first metal screw on the printed circuit board and to increase the wiring pattern area and the component mounting space, realizing a reduction in the size of an electronic device.
Contact pin and electrical component socket
Providing an electrical component socket that enables stability of an electric resistance value to be maintained even after repeated use. A contact pin of the present invention includes: a lower contact portion; a spring portion that is provided so as to extend upward from the lower contact portion; a linear portion provided so as to extend upward from an upper end of the spring portion; and an upper contact portion that is formed on an upper end side of the linear portion. The upper contact portion includes a first contact protrusion arranged on an extension of the linear portion and a plurality of second contact protrusions arranged at respective positions off the extension of the linear portion.
Pluggable module for a communication system
A pluggable module includes a pluggable body extending between a mating end and a cable end. The pluggable body defines a cavity. The pluggable body includes a plurality of internal bores extending therethrough. The bores allowing airflow through an interior of the pluggable body. The pluggable module includes an internal circuit board held in the cavity. The internal circuit board is provided at an end of a cable communicatively coupled to the internal circuit board. The pluggable body is configured to be plugged into a receptacle assembly such that the internal circuit board is communicatively coupled to a communication connector of the receptacle assembly.
Battery connector with large current carrying capacity
A battery connector includes an insulating body, a plurality of electrical terminals and a plurality of conducting pieces. The insulating body defines a plurality of terminal grooves penetrating through a front and a rear thereof and a plurality of inserting grooves communicating with the respective terminal grooves. The electrical terminals are assembled into the terminal grooves of the insulting body. The conducting pieces are assembled into the inserting grooves of the insulating body and contact with the electrical terminals. When the battery connector electrically connects the battery and the circuit board, part of the current passes through the conducting pieces, therefore heat generated by the electrical terminals is reduced to ensure that the temperature of the battery connector is within the normal range.
Interface mounting device and printed circuit board assembly with the interface mounting device
An interface mounting device includes a circuit board with a connector and a bracket configured to receive an interface device and including a hook. The circuit board defines an installation opening and a cutout extending from an edge of the installation opening. The bracket is received in the installation opening. The hook is engaged with the circuit board through the cutout. The bracket defines a guiding slot aligned with the connector. The guiding slot is configured for a coupling portion of the interface device to pass through and coupling to the connector. A printed circuit board assembly with the interface mounting device is also provided.
Array antenna and base station
An array antenna and a base station are provided. The array antenna comprises a plurality of linear arrays, uplink-downlink duplexers, and beam-forming networks. Each linear array is a dual-polarized linear array. An input end of the beam-forming network is coupled with a downlink signal output end of a RF (Radio Frequency) unit, and two output ends of the beam-forming network are respectively coupled with downlink signal transmitting ends of two uplink-downlink duplexers; transceiving ends shared by two uplink-downlink duplexers are respectively coupled with arrays having the same polarization direction of two adjacent linear arrays, and the two arrays having the same polarization direction form a beam with 65-degree beamwidth on the downlink through the beam-forming network; uplink signal output ends of the two uplink-downlink duplexers are coupled with uplink signal input ends of the RF unit; linear arrays uncoupled with uplink-downlink duplexers in the plurality of linear arrays are all coupled with the uplink signal input ends of the RF unit respectively. Thereby, a beam with 65-degree beamwidth may be formed by a transmitting antenna on a downlink.
Metamaterial, metamaterial preparation method and metamaterial design method
The present invention discloses a metamaterial, a metamaterial preparation method, and a metamaterial design method. The metamaterial includes: at least one layer of substrate and multiple artificial microstructures, where the metamaterial includes an electromagnetic area, and an artificial microstructure in the electromagnetic area generates a preset electromagnetic response to an electromagnetic wave that is incident into the electromagnetic area. Due to a simple making process, a low processing cost, and simple craft precision control, the metamaterial according to the present invention may replace various mechanical parts that have complicated curved surfaces and need to have a specific electromagnetic modulation function, and may also be attached onto various mechanical parts that have complicated curved surfaces to implement a desired electromagnetic modulation function. In addition, by expanding a curved surface and division into electromagnetic areas, a three-dimensional structure metamaterial has a high electromagnetic responsivity and a wide application scope.
Planar array antenna having antenna elements arranged in a plurality of planes
A planar array antenna for radar sensors includes: a plurality of base antenna elements situated in a common plane on a printed circuit board; and additional antenna elements, which are situated in an offset plane, in each case over one of the base antenna elements. Each additional antenna element is situated individually on an associated carrier, and the printed circuit board is equipped with the individual carriers.
Selectable low-gain/high-gain beam implementation for VICTS antenna arrays
An antenna array employing continuous transverse stubs as radiating elements includes a first conductive plate structure including a first set of continuous transverse stubs arranged on a first surface, and a second set of continuous transverse stubs arranged on the first surface, wherein a geometry of the first set of continuous transverse stubs is different from a geometry of the second set of continuous transverse stubs. A second conductive plate structure is disposed in a spaced relationship relative to the first conductive plate structure, the second conductive plate structure having a surface parallel to the first surface. A relative rotation apparatus imparts relative rotational movement between the first conductive plate structure and the second conductive plate structure.
Rotation pointed antenna for fixed wireless wide area networks
An apparatus and method for combining signals received from a direct broadcast satellite system with signals received from a wireless network, includes a satellite antenna for receiving the signals from the direct broadcast satellite system; and a wireless network antenna, co-located with the satellite antenna, for receiving the signals from the wireless network. The wireless network antenna includes an antenna assembly that is rotated by a controller based on characteristics of the signals received from the wireless network. The controller energizes and de-energizes a motor to mechanically rotate the antenna assembly to properly align the wireless network antenna to communicate with the wireless network. The wireless network antenna comprises a closed cylinder, wherein the antenna assembly is rotatably mounted within the closed cylinder, such that, upon command from the controller, the motor engages the antenna assembly to mechanically rotate the antenna assembly about a central axis of the closed cylinder.
Antenna apparatus, antenna system, and antenna electrical tilting method
Embodiments of the present invention provide an antenna apparatus, a system, and an adjusting method. The antenna apparatus is configured to be used in conjunction with an RCU (remote control unit, external remote control unit). The antenna apparatus includes a readable and writable memory and a motor. The readable and writable memory is configured to store configuration data of an antenna and antenna information corresponding to the configuration data, where the configuration data is used to control the RCU to drive the motor to move, so as to adjust an electrical down-tilt angle of the antenna.
Structure and technique for antenna decoupling in a vehicle mounted sensor
Presently disclosed is a structure and technique for de-coupling a sensor (such as an automotive radar sensor), from a surrounding electrically conductive structure (such as a vehicle) on which the sensor is mounted.
Antenna device and communication device
An antenna device includes a substrate, a first antenna element disposed on a surface of the substrate, a second antenna element disposed on the surface of the substrate, the second antenna element being a linear shape, a length of the second antenna element being shorter than twice a length of a side that determines a lowest operating frequency of the first antenna element, a grounding conductor disposed so as not to overlap with the first antenna element and the second antenna element, a feeder coupled to the first antenna element, a first switch and a second switch disposed at the feeder wire, a first matching element and a second matching element disposed between the feeder wire and the grounding conductor, respectively, a third switch configured to switch connecting states of the first antenna element and the second antenna element.
A dual-band antenna including a ground element, a radiation element and at least one open slot is provided. The radiation element has a bending to form a first radiation portion and a second radiation portion. The first radiation portion has a feeding point adjacent to the ground element. The width of the first radiation portion is gradually increased along a direction far away from the ground element. The second radiation portion forms an orthogonal projection on the ground element. One open slot at least passes through the second radiation portion.
Roof-mounted antenna arrangement
The space below the hood of a vehicle is used for the positioning of a vertical plate part of thin profile mobile antenna structures. The ground reference can be added directly in the form of the base plate.
Antennas for body-worn wireless electronic devices
A wearable wireless electronic device to be worn on a wrist of a user includes a first conductive antenna element of an antenna that is electrically coupled to an antenna feed of the antenna and a second conductive antenna element of the antenna that is electrically coupled to a ground plane of the antenna. The first conductive antenna element and the second conductive antenna element are configured to be in contact with and/or in close proximity to a wrist of the user that is wearing the wearable first wireless electronic device.
Antenna structure and wireless communication device using same
An antenna structure includes an antenna holder, a feed unit, a grounding unit, a first radiating unit, a second radiating unit, a third radiating unit, a parasitic unit, and a coupling unit. The feed unit and the grounding unit are positioned on the antenna holder and are spaced apart from each other. The first radiating unit and the third radiating unit are both electrically connected to the feed unit. The parasitic unit is electrically connected to the grounding unit. The first radiating unit couples with the second radiating unit and the parasitic unit. The second radiating unit further couples with the coupling unit and is grounded through the coupling unit.
An exemplary antenna module includes a metal unit, a ground unit, a feed unit, and a resonating unit. The metal unit is a metal housing or a metal sidewall of a wireless communication device. One end of the ground unit is connected to the metal unit and another end of the ground unit is grounded. One end of the feed unit is connected to the metal unit and another end of the feed unit is connected to a feed point of the wireless communication device. The resonating unit and the metal unit cooperatively generate a resonating, thereby receiving/sending wireless signals in corresponding frequency bands.
Guided wave coupler, coupling module and methods for use therewith
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a coupler including a receiving portion that receives a first electromagnetic wave conveying first data from a transmitting device. A guiding portion guides the first electromagnetic wave to a junction for coupling the first electromagnetic wave to a transmission medium. The first electromagnetic wave propagates via at least one first guided wave mode. The coupling of the first electromagnetic wave to the transmission medium forms a second electromagnetic wave that is guided to propagate along the outer surface of the transmission medium via at least one second guided wave mode that differs from the at least one first guided wave mode. Other embodiments are disclosed.