Enclosure with inner tamper-respondent sensor(s) and physical security element(s)
Methods of fabricating tamper-respondent assemblies are provided which include an electronic enclosure, a tamper-respondent electronic circuit structure, and at least one security element. The electronic enclosure encloses, at least in part, at least one electronic component to be protected, and includes an inner surface. The tamper-respondent electronic circuit structure includes a tamper-respondent sensor covering, at least in part, the inner surface of the electronic enclosure, and the at least one security element overlies and physically secures in place, at least in part, the tamper-respondent sensor covering, at least in part, the inner surface of the electronic enclosure. In enhanced embodiments, the electronic enclosure is secured to a multilayer circuit board which includes an embedded tamper-respondent sensor, and together, the tamper-respondent sensor covering the inner surface of the electronic enclosure and the embedded tamper-respondent sensor within the multilayer circuit board define a secure volume about the electronic component(s).
EMI shielding textile fabric, wrappable sleeve constructed therefrom and method of construction thereof
A textile fabric, sleeve formed therefrom, and methods of construction thereof are provided. The fabric forms an elongate wall constructed from lengthwise extending warp yarns woven with widthwise extending weft yarns. At least some of the warp yarns are electrically conductive and have a first diameter. The weft yarns have a second diameter that is at least 25 percent less than the first diameter of the warp yarns. As such, the conductive warp yarns are brought into closer proximity with one another than if the weft yarns were the same diameter as the warp yarns. Accordingly, the ability of the fabric and sleeve formed therewith to provide shielding protection against EMI is enhanced.
Thermal capacitance system
A system for cooling electronics includes at least two modular thermal energy storage cards stacked in one of a horizontal or a vertical stack, where the stack provides cooling to a portion to electronics. The cards include: a thermally conductive enclosure bounding an interior cavity, a cell wall structure that includes cells disposed within the interior cavity and in thermal communication with the thermally conductive enclosure, a phase change material having a melting point where the phase change material disposed within the cells and in thermal communication with cell walls of the cells, and a thermally conductive interface disposed between the thermally conductive enclosure and a portion of the electronics that includes a heat generating surface. The thermally conductive interface extends from the interior cavity a distance beyond the interior cavity of the enclosure and is in contact with the heat generating surface.
Waterproof cabinet and container data center using the same
A waterproof cabinet includes a cabinet body, a cooling device and a waterproof device. The cabinet body includes a gate, the cooling device is slidably received in the cabinet body via the gate. The waterproof cabinet can be switched between a storage state, where the cooling device is accommodated in the cabinet body, and a working state, where the cooling device is located out of the cabinet body and the connection portions of the cooling device and the cabinet body are sealed by the waterproof device. A container data center is further disclosed.
Scalable liquid submersion cooling system
A scalable liquid submersion cooling system for electronics. The system includes a plurality of modular system components, such as electronics enclosures, manifolds, pumps, and heat exchanger units. The modular system components permit the liquid submersion cooling system to be scaled up or down to accommodate changing needs. In addition, the modularity of the components facilitates portability, allowing relatively easy transport and set-up/break-down of electronic systems.
Computer thermal system
The present application describes various embodiments regarding systems and methods for providing efficient heat rejection for a lightweight and durable compact computing system having a small form factor. The compact computing system can take the form of a desktop computer. The desktop computer can include a monolithic top case having an integrated support system formed therein, the integrated support system providing structural support that distributes applied loads through the top case preventing warping and bowing. A mixed flow fan is utilized to efficiently pull cooling air through the compact computing system.
System and method for wireless rack management controller communication
An information handling system, includes a server rack including a first communication device. The server rack has a mounting flange with a plurality of mounting holes. The information handling system also includes a server installed in the server rack and secured to the mounting flange via a first mounting hole of the plurality of mounting holes. The server includes a second communication device, that is coupled to the first communication device via a second mounting hole of the plurality of mounting holes.
Device, cable guide device, and cable holding member
A device includes a housing supported by a rack in a manner such that the housing is drawable from a front surface of the rack; a cable whose one end is connected to an electronic device contained in the housing, where a portion of the cable in a longitudinal direction thereof is contained between a rear end portion of the housing and a rear surface of the rack; and a cable guide that guides the cable between the rear end portion of the housing and the rear surface of the rack, where the cable guide is unfoldable from a folded state between the rear end portion of the housing and the rear surface of the rack according to a drawing operation of the housing. The cable guide holds the cable at a height which differs from a height of the one end of the cable.
Reverse mount apparatus for a rack-mounted systems
An apparatus for reverse mounting an electronic device in a server housing is provided. The apparatus includes a first bracket, a second bracket, and a coupling. The first bracket couples to the device body and extends outward from the device body toward a front rail of the server housing. The first bracket includes a first end configured to releasably couple to front rail of the server housing. The second bracket includes a protrusion that extends outward from the device body in an opposite direction relative to the first bracket. The coupling includes a first portion that couples to a rear rail of the server housing and a second portion defining a channel that receives the protrusion of the second bracket.
Data storage enclosure with latch feature
A data storage enclosure may house at least two data storage devices and consist of a first electrical connector and a latch feature. The first electrical connector may be aligned with a second electrical connector of a data storage rack. The latch feature can be configured to contact a frame of the data storage rack to prevent the first and second electrical connectors from contacting until a lever of the latch feature is activated.
Assembly for securing at least one expansion card and server system
The invention relates to an assembly for securing at least one expansion card (comprising a half-open chassis for receiving a first circuit board of a server module having at least one first plug connector, a carrier component for receiving at least one expansion card and at least one second circuit board secured to the carrier component. The carrier component comprises at least one securing point for rotatably and releasably receiving the carrier component on the half-open chassis and at least one first bearing surface for supporting the carrier component on a second bearing surface of the half-open chassis, arranged in the region of opposite ends of the carrier component. Here, a first mating plug connector of the second circuit board is arranged such that the second circuit board is electrically connected to the first circuit board by receiving and pivoting the carrier component around the securing point.
Electronic device and adjustable frame thereof
An adjustable frame includes a first support, a second support, two third supports and two assembling members. The second support is disposed on the first support, and the second support is slidable relative to the first support along a first direction. The two third supports are disposed on the first support. At least one of the two third supports is slidable relative to the first support along a second direction perpendicular to the first direction for adjusting a distance between the two third supports. The two assembling members are respectively disposed on the two third supports, and a distance between the two assembling members is adjustable by movement of the at least one of the two third supports.
Tamper-respondent assembly with vent structure
Tamper-respondent assemblies, electronic packages and fabrication methods are provided which incorporate a vent structure. The tamper-respondent assembly includes an electronic enclosure to enclose, at least in part, an electronic component(s) to be protected. The electronic enclosure includes an inner surface, and an air vent. A tamper-respondent electronic circuit structure is provided which includes a tamper-respondent sensor disposed to cover, at least part, the inner surface of the electronic enclosure, and define, at least in part, a secure volume about the electronic component(s). The vent structure includes at least one air passage coupling in fluid communication the secure volume and the air vent of the electronic enclosure to allow air pressure within the secure volume to equalize with air pressure external to the tamper-respondent assembly.
Universal magnetic mounting assembly
A universal magnetic mounting assembly having a case assembly with a hole that has a first circumference, and a rear wall, first and second lateral walls, and top and bottom walls. The rear wall has interior and exterior faces. The case assembly cradles an electronic device. A magnet has an interior wall, a perimeter edge having a second circumference, an exterior wall, an angled wall, and an interior edge. The angled wall is concavely shaped and extends from the exterior wall to the interior edge. The magnet protrudes through the hole, whereby the first circumference is larger than the second circumference. A cover plate has a third circumference larger than the first circumference and is ferromagnetic and/or metallic. The cover plate is positioned between the electronic device and the interior face of the rear wall. Further having a mounting device with a base and a spherically shaped metallic surface.
Base substrate which prevents burrs generated during the cutting process and method for manufacturing the same
A base substrate which prevents burrs generated during the cutting process includes: multiple conductive layers stacked in one direction with respect to the base substrate; at least one insulation layer being alternately stacked with said conductive layers and electrically separating said conductive layers; and a through-hole penetrating said base substrate covering said insulation layer at the contact region where said cut surface and said insulation layer meet during the cutting of said base substrate in accordance with a predetermined region of the chip substrate. A method of manufacturing the base substrate includes alternately stacking conductive layers and insulation layers and forming a through-hole.
Embedded package structure
An embedded package structure includes an insulation substrate, a first conductive layer, a second conductive layer, an electronic component and a passive component. The insulation substrate has a first conductive via and a second conductive via. The first conductive layer is formed on a top surface of the insulation substrate and contacted with the first conductive via. The second conductive layer is formed on a bottom surface of the insulation substrate, and contacted with the second conductive via. The electronic component is embedded within the insulation substrate. Moreover, plural conducting terminals of the electronic components are electrically connected with the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer through the first conductive via and the second conductive via. The passive component is located near a first side of the electronic component and separated from the electronic component. The passive component is at least partially embedded within the insulation substrate.
Bridging electronic inter-connector and corresponding connection method
An exemplary bridging inter-connector establishes electrical connections between conductors on a PCB and aligned conductors on a first board mounted to the PCB. A flexible non-conductive sheet covers at least a portion of these conductors. Separated conductive strips on the sheet that are dimensioned to align with and engage at least a portion of both the aligned conductors. A thin film of a bonding agent is disposed on the separated conductive strips and located to engage at least a portion of both aligned conductors to form a conductive connection.
Multi-stacked electronic device with defect-free solder connection
A method includes forming a multi-stacked electronic device having two or more electronic components, each of the electronic components includes a leadframe, the leadframes of each electronic component are physically joined together using a non-solder metal joining process to form a joint, and the joint is located outside a solder connection region.
Nanowire security films
Articles and related methods, the article having an enclosed area at least partially surrounded by a visible light-transmissive protective film comprising a first visible light-transmissive flexible film, a second visible light-transmissive flexible film, and a visible light-transmissive patterned conductive layer interposed between the first visible light-transmissive flexible film and the second visible light-transmissive flexible film, the visible light-transmissive conductive layer comprising a dispersion of metal nanowires within a polymeric matrix having an average pore size among metal nanowires that is impenetrable by electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength greater than 1 mm.
Printed circuit board design for high speed application
A printed circuit board (PCB) is disclosed. The PCB includes a substrate have a top surface and a bottom surface. A first conductive layer is disposed on the top surface of the substrate. The first conductive layer comprises a first signal net and a second signal net. An outermost insulating layer is disposed on the top surface of the substrate to cover the substrate and the first conductive layer. The outmost insulating layer comprises an opening to expose a portion of the second signal net. And, a second conductive layer is disposed on the outermost insulating layer and substantially covering at least a portion of the first signal net. The second conductive layer is filled into the opening to electrically connect to the second signal net which is able to provide one of a ground potential and a power potential.
Printed circuit board and vibration actuator including the same
A printed circuit board includes a pad to receive an electric signal from a controller, a plurality of signal lines connected to the pad to transmit the electric signal received at the pad, and a signal transmission unit connected to the signal lines to transmit the electric signal to a coil. The plurality of signal lines are configured to face each other in at least a partial region and/or disposed in a zigzag form in at least a partial region. If the printed circuit board and a vibration actuator including the printed circuit board are used, it is possible to change a high frequency interference region according to a pattern by changing a pattern of the printed circuit board, and to improve receiving efficiency of an antenna by reducing high frequency noise.
Structure for delivering power
A structure for delivering power is described. In some embodiments, the structure can include conductors disposed on two or more layers. Specifically, the structure can include a first set of interdigitated conductors disposed on a first layer and oriented substantially along an expected direction of current flow. At least one conductor in the first set of interdigitated conductors may be maintained at a first voltage, and at least one conductor in the first set of interdigitated conductors may be maintained at a second voltage, wherein the second voltage is different from the first voltage. The structure may further include a conducting structure disposed on a second layer, wherein the second layer is different from the first layer, and wherein at least one conductor in the conducting structure is maintained at the first voltage.
Tamper-respondent assemblies with bond protection
Methods of fabricating tamper-respondent assemblies with bond protection are provided which include at least one tamper-respondent sensor having unexposed circuit lines forming, at least in part, one or more tamper-detect network(s), and the tamper-respondent sensor having at least one external bond region. The tamper-respondent assembly further includes at least one conductive trace and an adhesive. The conductive trace(s) forms, at least in part, the one or more tamper-detect network(s), and is exposed, at least in part, on the tamper-respondent sensor(s) within the external bond region(s). The adhesive contacts the conductive trace(s) within the external bond region(s) of the tamper-respondent sensor(s), and the adhesive, in part, facilitates securing the at least one tamper-respondent sensor within the tamper-respondent assembly. In enhanced embodiments, the conductive trace(s) is a chemically compromisable conductor susceptible to damage during a chemical attack on the adhesive within the external bond region(s).
Method of producing brazeless accelerating structures
A resonant apparatus such as a resonant waveguide module in an RF particle accelerator includes an unbrazed joint that provides a reliable vacuum seal and RF contact between resonators with precisely controlled internal geometry. The joint can be disassembled and reassembled without degradation. Hard, stainless steel end faces include knife edges pressed into a copper central component, such as a gasket. The knife edges extend the waveguide interiors without gaps or interruptions. The central component serves as a coupling iris or other functional component of the resonant apparatus, thereby allowing the central component to have substantial dimensions that inhibit mechanical distortions thereof. The waveguides and knife edges can be copper plated. Embodiments include embedded passages and/or recesses used for cooling, radiation shielding, magnetic focusing coils, and/or electron optics element formed by permanent magnets.
System and method for light socket adaptation
A light socket adaptation system and method. A light socket adapter module comprises a female end designed to accept a light bulb, a male end designed to be placed in an existing light socket, WIFI transmit/receive circuitry, Bluetooth LE transmit/receive circuitry, a processor that processes instructions received via one or more of the WIFI transmit/receive circuitry and the Bluetooth LE transmit/receive circuitry, wherein the instructions are received from one or more of a remote server system and a mobile computing device, wherein the processor executes Bluetooth LE instructions to cause the light socket adapter module to detect Bluetooth LE enabled devices within a detection proximity of the light socket adapter module, and power supply control circuitry controllable by the processor, wherein the power supply control circuitry controls power supplied to a light bulb positioned in the female end of the light socket adapter module.
Interface device and method for supplying power
The invention relates to an interface device for supplying power to a variable number of loads, which are configured to be coupled to the interface device by means of a supply line and which are configured to communicate with the interface device, to a system comprising such interface device and one or more loads, to a corresponding method for supplying power and to a corresponding software product. A particular feature of the present invention is that the interface device functions as an intermediate between an USB power source and the loads connected to the interface device by supplying power while being flexible to both sides, i.e. to the supplying side as well as to the load side, in allowing for a flexible number of loads to be coupled to the interface device (i.e. to be supplied by the interface device with power) and in also providing a negotiation with the power supply depending on the necessary power.
A system can include a LED unit socket; and LED supply circuitry that includes a digital to analog converter, an operational amplifier operatively coupled to an analog output of the digital to analog converter, and a metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor that includes a gate operatively coupled to an output of the operational amplifier, a source operatively coupled to an input of the operational amplifier and a drain operatively coupled to the LED unit socket.
Dimmable lighting devices and methods for dimming same
In a single lighting device including a large number of light-emitting elements (LEEs), the LEEs are divided into separately powered groups, and different combinations of the groups are fully energized to achieve the desired overall brightness. In some embodiments, the number of LEEs in each group has a binary relationship to the other groups. The resolution of the dimming is the brightness of the smallest group. In one example of five binary weighted groups of LEEs, 32 brightness levels can be achieved while the LEEs in the energized groups are fully ON. Thus, since there is no high frequency switching, there is substantially no power dissipation by the dimming control system, and there is limited noise or EMI created. The dimming control can be easily implemented with a logic circuit controlling a transistor switch for each group.
Control circuit of light emitting diode lighting apparatus
Disclosed is a control circuit of an LED lighting apparatus, which compensates for power for light emission of a lamp including LEDs. The control circuit can generate a compensation signal corresponding to change of power provided to the lamp, and uniformly maintain the power by controlling a current provided to the lamp in response to the compensation signal. Thus, the control circuit can compensate for the power change of the lamp due to a power supply environment factor in a building, region, or country or a temporarily unstable power supply environment factor, such that the lamp can emit light at uniform luminance.
LED driver circuit with three level step dimming interface
An LED driver circuit provides a direct input line sensing step dimming interface for controlling an LED load. The LED driver circuit includes an input voltage source, a first input line, a second input line, and a neutral line. A diode bridge is coupled to the neutral line and to each of the first line switch and to the second line switch at a side of each opposite to the input voltage source. The LED driver circuit includes a first isolation circuit and a second isolation circuit and a microcontroller having a first sense input and a second sense input. The microcontroller receives at least one of the first sense input and the second sense input from the first and second isolation circuits. The microcontroller controls LED driver circuit output to a load according to the received sense input.
Light sources utilizing segmented LEDs to compensate for manufacturing variations in the light output of individual segmented LEDs
A light source and method for making the same are disclosed. The light source includes a plurality of Segmented LEDs connected in parallel to a power bus and a controller. The power bus accepts a variable number of Segmented LEDs. The controller receives AC power and provides a power signal on the power bus. Each Segmented LED is characterized by a driving voltage that is greater than 3 times the driving voltage of a conventional LED fabricated in the same material system as the Segmented LED. The number of Segmented LEDs in the light source is chosen to compensate for variations in the light output of individual Segmented LEDs introduced by the manufacturing process. In another aspect of the invention, the number of Segmented LEDs connected to the power bus can be altered after the light source is assembled.
Control method and device employing primary side regulation in a quasi-resonant AC/DC flyback converter without analog divider and line-sensing
A primary-side controlled high power factor, low total harmonic distortion, quasi resonant converter converts an AC mains power line input to a DC output for powering a load, such as a string of LEDs. The AC mains power line input is supplied to a transformer that is controlled by a power switch. A device for controlling a power transistor of a power stage includes a shaper circuit including a first current generator configured to output a first current responsive to a bias voltage signal and to generate a reference voltage signal based on the first current. A bias circuit includes a second current generator configured to output a second current responsive to a compensation voltage signal and to generate the bias voltage based on the second current. An error detection circuit includes a third current generator configured to output a third current responsive to the reference voltage signal and to generate the compensation voltage signal based on the third current. A driver circuit has a first input configured to receive the reference voltage signal and having an output configured to drive the power transistor.
Control circuit for modulating an analog dimming command signal
According to one aspect, a control system for an LED luminaire includes a dimming control circuit that develops an analog dimming command signal that is variable between zero volts and ten volts to command LED brightness. The control system further includes a modulation circuit coupled to the dimming control circuit. The modulation circuit modifies the analog dimming command signal so as to include digital data for further commanding a parameter of LED operation.
Light emitting diode driving circuit with stable driving current
An LED driving circuit includes a charging-discharging circuit and a constant-current unit. The charging-discharging circuit is coupled to an AC current source, and includes an impedance, a diode and an energy storing circuit. The energy storing circuit is coupled to the impedance, the diode, and an LED unit. The constant-current unit is coupled to the charging-discharging circuit in series, and is arranged to regulate current. During the positive half cycle of the AC current source, the constant-current unit charges the energy storing circuit via the impedance; and during the negative half cycle of the AC current source, the energy storing circuit provides the LED unit with a discharging current via the diode, making the driving current of the LED driving circuit remain stable even when the AC current changes from the positive half cycle to the negative half cycle, thus preventing the flicker effect.
Resin composition for sealing organic electroluminescent element, sealing film for organic electroluminescent element, gas-barrier film for organic electroluminescent element, and organic electroluminescent element using these films
A resin composition for sealing an organic electroluminescent element, containing: at least one epoxy compound; at least one polyester resin; and at least one Lewis acid compound or at least one compound which generates a Lewis acid, in which the content of the epoxy compound is from 10 to 200 parts by mass with respect to 100 parts by mass of the polyester resin.
Induction heating system travel sensor assembly
An induction heating system includes an induction heating head assembly configured to move relative to a workpiece. The induction heating system may also include a temperature sensor assembly configured to detect a temperature of the workpiece and/or a travel sensor assembly configured to detect a position, movement, or direction of movement of the induction heating head assembly relative to the workpiece, and to transmit feedback signals to a controller configured to adjust the power provided to the induction heating head assembly by a power source based at least in part on the feedback signals. In certain embodiments, the induction heating system may also include a connection box configured to receive the feedback signals, to perform certain conversions of the feedback signals, and to provide the feedback signals to the power source. Furthermore, in certain embodiments, the induction heating system may include an inductor stand assembly configured to hold the induction heating head assembly against the workpiece.
Connection release timers and settings
In accordance with the exemplary embodiments of the invention there is at least a method and an apparatus to generate a message including mobile device-specific information related to operation of a state transition timer for the mobile device, and send the generated message towards an access point associated with a wireless communication network. Further, in accordance with the exemplary embodiments of the invention there is at least a method an apparatus to receive a message from a wireless communication network, the message including mobile device-specific information related to operation of a state transition timer for the mobile device; based on the mobile device-specific information, setting optimal connection parameters for the mobile device; and sending an indication of the optimal connection parameters towards the mobile device.
Method and device for connection management
A method for a wireless router to perform connection management, includes: when a device tries to establish a wireless connection with the wireless router, counting a number of times of authentication failure of the device in a preset time period; and when the number of times of authentication failure is larger than or equal to a preset number threshold, performing a preset operation of risk treatment.
Systems and methods for dynamic aggregation of bandwidth
Systems and methods are presented for the dynamic aggregation of communications network bandwidth. Communication devices are bonded in a community in which the communication resources of a bonded device can be used to transfer data on behalf of another bonded device. In an exemplary embodiment, communication devices are bonded wirelessly to share wireless wide area network communication channels. Bandwidth aggregation is performed dynamically based on user communication requirements and the current states of the bonded communication devices. Methods are presented by which communication devices can be automatically bonded when a predetermined bonding condition is satisfied. The methods and systems of the invention optimize utilization of communication resources in a cost-effective manner that provides a user high quality service as well as location mobility.
Techniques for discovery of Wi-Fi serial bus and Wi-Fi docking services
Techniques are disclosed for discovery of Wi-Fi serial bus and Wi-Fi docking services. Such networks include (but are not limited to) IEEE 802.11 networks.
Device-to-device discovery and control in a wide area network
The disclosure relates to a method for discovery of one or more devices of a group of devices to establish a direct connection between at least two devices of the group of devices over a wide area network. The wide area network contains or is connected to a discovery server system. The discovery server system is configured for identifying a group associated with the group of devices, wherein each of the devices has a corresponding device identifier associated with the group. A discovery message from a first device of the group of devices is received, the discovery message comprising a device identifier associated with the first device. The group associated with the group of devices is determined on the basis of the received device identifier of the first device. The corresponding device identifier of one or more devices of the group of devices is determined on the basis of the determined group, and discovery information is transmitted only to one or more devices of the group of devices.
TDLS setup control from access point
A method and apparatus for establishing a direct link between wireless stations (STAs) in a wireless network, as performed by an access point (AP). The AP monitors communications routed through the AP between a first STA and a second STA in the wireless network, and determines a quality of the communications routed through the AP. The AP selectively establishes a direct link between the first STA and the second STA based at least in part on the quality of the communications routed through the AP.
Communication terminal and method for establishing a CSFB call
A communication terminal is described comprising a communication circuit configured to establish a first radio link to a first communication network; and to receive, via the first radio link to the first communication network, a message from the first communication network that indicates establishing a second radio link to a second communication network for a call; a controller configured to select at least one channel frequency from a plurality of stored channel frequencies provided for the call to the second communication network; control the communication circuit to establish the second radio link to the second communication network using the selected at least one channel frequency and to establish the call via the established second radio link.
Method and network node for coordination of channel resources between transmissions
The present disclosure provides a method (700) and a network node (800) for coordination of channel resources between a first transmission and a second transmission sharing a common channel. The method (700) includes: detecting (S710) a first traffic status of the first transmission and a second traffic status of the second transmission during a time period; and applying (S720) one of a first frame configuration and a second frame configuration to a frame based on a probability value dependent on the first traffic status and the second traffic status. When the first frame configuration is applied to the frame, the first transmission uses the channel within the duration of the frame regardless of whether the second transmission is using the channel. When the second frame configuration is applied to the frame, the first transmission is disabled or shares the channel with the second transmission in a contention-based manner within the duration of the frame.
Channel detection method, terminal and system
Provided are a channel detection method, terminal and system, the method comprising: when an access point allows a station associated therewith to use a dynamic channel detection threshold, the associated station collects detection information (101); according to the detection information, the associated station determines whether to use the dynamic channel detection threshold to conduct channel detection (102).
Method and apparatus for handling uplink transmission in a wireless communication system
Methods and apparatuses are disclosed for handling uplink transmission in a wireless communication system. In one method, a user equipment (UE) connects to at least two base stations including a first base station controlling a first serving cell and a second base station controlling a second serving cell. The method further includes the UE receiving a downlink signaling in the second serving cell. The method also includes the UE transmitting a reference signal in the first serving cell in response to the reception of the downlink signaling.
Data transmission method, device, and system
Embodiments of the present invention provide a data transmission method, device, and system. A first device is configured to serve a primary carrier, and the first device includes: a first unit configured to process an RLC layer, a second unit configured to process a MAC layer, a third unit configured to process a PDCP layer, and a first scheduling unit. The first unit includes a first control module and a first transition module. The second transition module is configured to: receive the N data packets and scheduling information sent by all scheduling units in the system, acquire, according to all or a part of the received scheduling information and from the N data packets a data packet that needs to be transmitted on the secondary carrier, and send the data packet acquired by the second transition module to the fifth unit.
Terminal apparatus, base station apparatus, and control methods for secondary cells
Provided is a technique related to a terminal apparatus, a base station apparatus, a communication system, a control method, and an integrated circuit, which efficiently controls a state of a cell for a plurality of cells. In the terminal apparatus using a plurality of cells, configuration information which disables change in a state of a cell is received from the base station apparatus, and control is performed based on the received configuration information so that a state of a part of cells among the plurality of cells is not changed.
Method and apparatus for prioritizing logical channels
A method and apparatus are disclosed for prioritizing logical channels when a new transmission is performed. Logical channel resources are allocated for available data to a plurality of logical channels. A maximum bit rate (MBR) credit (i.e., token) is decremented in a buffer (i.e., bucket) associated with a particular one of the logical channels by the size of a medium access control (MAC) service data unit (SDU). The MBR credit may have a negative value. If any of the allocated channel resources remain, the logical channels are served n a decreasing priority order until the data is exhausted. A radio link control (RLC) SDU is not segmented if the whole RLC SDU fits into the remaining resources. The MAC SDU excludes a MAC PDU header and MAC padding.
Controlling scheduling requests
Method and user equipment for requesting scheduling resources from a serving radio network node, the method comprises obtaining traffic characteristics associated with radio communication between the radio network node and the UE. The method further comprises predicting, based at least on the obtained traffic characteristics, data to arrive in a transmission buffer; and transmitting a scheduling request to the network node before said data arrives in said transmission buffer.
Assigning a frame configuration in a relay enabled communication network
A frame configuration is assigned in a relay enabled communication network. A macro coverage latency is determined. The macro coverage latency is a latency of a communication between the wireless device and a network node when the wireless device is not communicating through the relay node. A relay coverage latency is determined. The relay coverage latency is a latency of a communication between the wireless device and the network node when the wireless device is communicating through the relay node. Based on a comparison of the macro coverage latency and the relay coverage latency, a frame configuration is selected for a communication through the relay node.
Dynamic customization of mobile communication device access point name (APN) selection
A user equipment (UE) comprising a processor, a non-transitory memory, wherein the non-transitory memory comprises a default access point name (APN), a cellular radio transceiver, a first mobile application, stored in the non-transitory memory, and a dynamic customization application, stored in the non-transitory memory. When executed by the processor, the dynamic customization application receives an index that associates a plurality of mobile applications to APNs via the cellular radio transceiver, wherein the index associates the first mobile application to a first APN that is different from the default APN, stores the index in the non-transitory memory, receives a request to establish a data communication session from the first mobile application, looks up the first APN in the index based on a name of the first mobile application, and establishes a data communication session over a communication channel defined by the first APN via the cellular radio transceiver.
Method for establishing a radio connection, network apparatus and terminal apparatus
A method for establishing a radio connection between a network apparatus and a terminal apparatus, a network apparatus and a terminal apparatus are described. The method for establishing a radio connection, which is applied to a network apparatus, may include receiving a connection request for requesting a radio resource from a terminal apparatus, acquiring power supplying state information related to the terminal apparatus; setting a connection configuration instruction of the radio resource for connecting with the terminal apparatus based on the power supplying state information; and controlling a radio connection with the terminal apparatus based on the connection configuration instruction, the radio connection being used for data transmission between the network apparatus and the terminal apparatus. Accordingly, standby time of the terminal apparatus is prolonged while a network connection of the terminal apparatus can be maintained.
LTE-based wireless communication system for the M-LMS band
A receiver capable of receiving and a transmitter capable of transmitting LTE (Long-Term Evolution) signals. The receiver is capable of executing firmware to determine position location from a received LTE-like position waveform over signals modulated on a carrier in a positioning frequency band. In one embodiment the positioning signals are transmitted in a positioning band continuously for up to 100 ms, allowing the receiver to integrate the received positioning signals over a period of up to 100 ms. In one such embodiment, the signals can be integrated coherently for up to 60 ms, assuming acceptable stability of the clock in the receiver and further assuming that less than a predetermined amount of Doppler shift has been introduced in the received signal. The number of physical resource blocks (PRB) can be determined to optimize the signal allocation for the available bandwidth.
Method and apparatus for receiving control information through blind decoding of an enhanced physical downlink control channel (EPDCCH)
One embodiment of the present invention provides a method for enabling a terminal to receive control information in a wireless communication system, comprising the steps of: determining resource units for Enhanced Physical Downlink Control Channel (EPDCCH) of a plurality of resource units, with respect to each of one or more resource sets; and blind-decoding the resource units for the EPDCCH with respect to each of the one or more resource sets, wherein each of the one or more resource sets is set for one of localized EPDCCH transmission or distributed EPCCH transmission.
Qualifying available reverse link coding rates from access channel power setting
Methods and apparatuses are disclosed regarding a wireless field unit, which may receive a plurality of forward link assignment messages for the wireless field unit over at least one first code channel. Each of the forward link assignment messages may indicate a modulation type, a data rate and assigned channel codes for a respective assigned forward link transmission. Also, forward link transmissions may be time multiplexed between wireless field units. The wireless field unit may receive a plurality of assigned forward link transmissions. In addition, the wireless field unit my process each of the received assigned forward link transmissions in response to the respective received forward link assignment messages. Further, the wireless field unit may receive power control information in assigned time intervals on a time division multiplexed second code channel, wherein the time division multiplexed second code channel is time multiplexed between a plurality of wireless field units.
Method and apparatus for fast assistive transmission operation
A method for use in a wireless transmit/receive unit (WTRU) for receiving data over physical downlink shared channels from different cells, monitoring physical downlink control channels of a first cell for downlink control information associated with the WTRU, and recovering data from the physical downlink control channel in response to the downlink control information.
Signal transmission method for coverage improvement and apparatus for same
The present invention relates to a wireless communication system. In detail, the present invention relates to a method and apparatus for acquiring system information by a terminal in a wireless communication system, the method comprising the steps of: acquiring time and frequency synchronization from a synchronization channel; performing PBCH detection in a wireless frame on the basis of the time and frequency synchronization; and acquiring the system information from the PBCH, wherein, when the terminal is a non-MTC terminal, the PBCH detection is performed by a singular sub frame in the wireless frame, and when the terminal is an MTC terminal, the PBCH detection is performed by a plurality of sub frames in the wireless frame.
Compact downlink control information for machine type communications
A method for coverage enhancement is described. The method includes determining a DCI assignment for a communications device experiencing limited coverage. A DCI assignment includes a plurality of configuration fields. Selecting an indication of the DCI assignment is included in the method. The indication of the DCI assignment uses fewer resources than the DCI assignment. The method also includes sending the indication of the DCI assignment to the communications device. The communications device receives the indication of a DCI assignment. The method also includes determining, by the communications device, the DCI assignment for the communications device based at least in part on the indication of the DCI assignment.
Method and apparatus for receiving or transmitting downlink control signal in wireless communication system
Provided is a method for receiving a downlink signal by a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system according to one embodiment of the present disclosure, comprising: receiving a plurality of parameter sets for Semi Persistent Scheduling (SPS)-physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) through higher layer signaling; receiving a downlink control information (DCI) configuring the SPS-PDSCH; and decoding the SPS-PDSCH using one of the received plurality of parameter sets, wherein the parameter set to be used for decoding is determined based on whether an indicator indicating the parameter set to be used for decoding is included in the DCI.
Methods, network nodes and user equipments in a wireless network for communicating an EPDCCH
A network node in a wireless communication network communicates an enhanced Physical Downlink Control Channel (ePDCCH) to a user equipment (UE). This begins with the transmission, to the UE, of a configuration message that indicates the mappings of eDPCCH onto resource elements for both a first eDPCCH set and a second eDPCCH set. The mapping for the first eDPCCH set avoids the use of resource elements already in use by a first type of signal (e.g., a Cell-Specific Reference Signal or CRS), whereas the mapping for the second eDPCCH set avoids the use of resource elements in use by a second type of signal. The choice of an eDPCCH set for transmitting data to a UE may then be dynamically made in order to avoid interference caused by the first or second types of signal.
Random access method and apparatus of UE in mobile communication system
A method and an apparatus for performing random access and uplink transmission of a User Equipment (UE) supporting Carrier Aggregation (CA) are provided. The method includes determining whether a Scheduling Request (SR) is pending, determining, when the SR is pending, whether an uplink transmission resource is available in a current Transmission Time Interval (TTI), determining, when the uplink transmission resource is not available, whether a Physical Uplink Control Channel (PUCCH) resource is configured for transmission of the SR, and initiating, when the PUCCH resource is not configured, a random access process in a primary cell. The random access method and apparatus of the present invention is advantageous to reduce the waste of transmission resources.
A communications system comprises a terminal, and network resources. The terminal is operable to transmit substantially simultaneously a data portion and a data transfer request for that data portion to the network resources.
Time domain multiplexing UL transmission on multiple serving cells for a mobile station with single transmitter
Apparatus and methods are provided for TDM uplink transmission on multiple serving cells with single transmitter. In one novel aspect, the UE selects a serving cell for an UL transmission subframe based on a TDM selection rule. In one embodiment, the switching rule involves identifying one or more serving cells with a highest UL transmission priority and a serving-cell priority rule. In another novel aspect, the UE drops a selected part of the UL transmission within the overlap region based on one or more switching rules, which include dropping a last OFDM symbol, dropping a portion of a last OFDM symbol of the SRS with combing structure, dropping a partial CP of a first OFDM symbol of the second serving cell, and dropping a partial tail of a last OFDM symbol of the first serving cell and partial CP of a first OFDM symbol of the second serving cell.
Application level broadcast in peer overlay network
A peer node coupled to a plurality of other peer nodes in an overlay network may process a broadcast message from an upstream peer node containing a plurality of packets by identifying packet missing from the message, identifying an upstream node to which the peer node has an existing inbound connection and which has the missing packet, and obtaining the missing packet from the upstream node. A message from an upstream node may be processed by buffering a subset of the packets of the message in a buffer for a finite period of time before and after the peer node consumes the packets and by identifying one or more of the buffered packets to one or more finger nodes.
Paging method, apparatus, and system
Embodiments of the present invention provide a paging method, apparatus, and system, so as to implement paging of UE in an area with relatively poor signal coverage. UE includes: a receiving unit, configured to receive a broadcast message sent by a base station; and a determining unit, configured to determine whether the UE is first UE where the determining unit is further configured to: in a case in which it is determined that the UE is the first UE, determine a start PF and a start PO according to the first radio frame parameter; the determining unit is further configured to determine a first subframe set according to the start PF and the start PO; and the receiving unit is further configured to receive, according to the start PF, the start PO, and the first subframe set, a paging message sent by the base station.
Method and apparatus for aggregating data for transmission
A method and apparatus can be configured to receive a first data from a first transmitter. The first data comprises data to be forwarded by the apparatus. The method may also include triggering a polling of a group of transmitting nodes. The triggering may be based on the received first data. The group of transmitting nodes may comprise nodes from which data is to be aggregated. The method may also include waiting for a period of time to receive a second data from a second transmitter of the group of transmitting nodes. The second data may comprise data to be forwarded by the apparatus. The first transmitter and the second transmitter may share communication resources to communicate with the apparatus. The method may also include aggregating the first data and the second data. The method may also include forwarding the aggregated data.
Smart signboard-based notification system
Disclosed are techniques for notifying a user of a wireless mobile device of the contents of a signboard. In an aspect, the wireless mobile device receives a notification in a broadcast message transmitted on a broadcast channel of a short-range wireless network, the notification representing the contents of the signboard, decodes the notification without connecting to the short-range wireless network, and provides data representing the notification to the user of the wireless mobile device. In an aspect, a wireless access point coupled to the signboard encodes the notification in the broadcast message transmitted on the broadcast channel of the short-range wireless network supported by the wireless access point and broadcasts the notification in the broadcast message transmitted on the broadcast channel of the short-range wireless network.
Multi-subscriber identity module (SIM) call setup
Apparatuses and methods for a wireless communication device having a first radio access technology (RAT) and a second RAT to set up a call for the second RAT is described herein, including, but not limited to, detecting a call for the second RAT. In response to detecting the call for the second RAT, a fallback procedure is performed for the first RAT when network conditions associated with the first RAT are not below a threshold. At least one page response is transmitted after the fallback procedure has been completed.
Method and system for determining location of mobile devices in a femtocell
Disclosed are system and method for classifying location of a mobile device in a femtocell. In an aspect, the system and method are configured to receive, by a femtocell, location measurement information and performance measurement reports from a mobile device; classify location of the mobile device as indoors or outdoors based on the received location measurement information; and adjust a coverage area, transmit power, and/or radio frequency (RF) channel/band of the femtocell based on the location classification of the mobile device and performance measurements reports.
Apparatus, and associated method, for facilitating radio control system operation with an ICS-capable wireless device
An apparatus, and an associated method, for facilitating communication operations with a wireless device that is ICS or DTM capable. A message generator is provided, configured to generate a network-terminated message, the network-terminated message including a media feature tag that identifies support of ICS. When transmitted to a network node, the message is detected. And, a wireless-device-terminated message that provides for mapping of a SIP URI into a calling name presentation.
Frequency deviation compensation scheme, frequency deviation compensation method, and storage medium
Because a phase offset occurs between adjoining input blocks of multiple divided blocks when the amount of frequency deviation compensation is dynamically changed, there is the possibility that a restored bit string contains an error. This frequency deviation compensation scheme is equipped with: a frequency deviation compensation means for compensating for a frequency deviation in a frequency-domain signal; and a phase offset compensation means for compensating for a phase offset caused to the signal due to change in an amount of compensation during the frequency compensation.
Method for receiving synchronization information for direct communication between user equipment and apparatus for same
Disclosed is a method by which first user equipment receives synchronization information for a Device-to-Device (D2D) link at a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system. Specifically, the method comprises: receiving configuration information for synchronization from serving cell; and acquiring information on reference cell for synchronization of the D2D link based on the configuration information; and acquiring a synchronization resource based on the information on reference cell, wherein the information on reference cell comprises an identifier of the reference cell.
Local transmitter synchronization based on WWAN base station network
Disclosed is a method and apparatus for correcting clocks for a plurality of local transmitters. In one embodiment, the functions implemented include: receiving base station time from a plurality of local transmitters; assigning each local transmitter of the plurality of local transmitters to at least one subset of a plurality of subsets, wherein each subset corresponds to a single base station, and wherein each local transmitter in a particular subset receives time from a base station corresponding to the subset; selecting a single subset of local transmitters as a reference subset of local transmitters, the reference subset corresponding to a reference base station, each non-reference subset corresponding to a non-reference base station; determining a time difference between the reference base station and each of the non-reference base stations based on time received from one or more local transmitters that belong in more than one of the subsets; and transmitting the time difference to respective non-reference subsets of local transmitters.
Reduced power device discovery and corresponding devices and methods
An electronic device includes one or more processors and a wireless communication circuit. The one or more processors cause the wireless communication circuit to engage in a pairing procedure with at least one other electronic device to establish, during a pairing process, a peer-to-peer wireless communication link with the second electronic device. During pairing, the electronic device determines a minimum signal strength of wireless communication signals required to establish the peer-to-peer wireless communication link. Thereafter, the electronic device communicates at, and/or transmits a device discovery beacon having, a signal strength equal to or less than the minimum signal strength to conserve power.
Range tuning for open access small cells
Range tuning for open access small cells may be achieved, for example, by determining a likelihood of handoff for a mobile device around a small cell coverage area, and adjusting a range of the small cell coverage area by controlling a transmit power level of the small cell based on the likelihood of handoff.
Power determining method, user equipment, and base station
Embodiments of the present invention provide a power determining method, a user equipment, and a base station. The method includes: determining an initial transmit power of each transmission object in a transmission object set; when a sum of initial transmit powers of all the transmission objects in the transmission object set is greater than a maximum transmit power, performing a power reduction operation based on a priority sequence of information corresponding to the transmission objects, so as to acquire an available transmit power of each transmission object in the transmission object set, where a sum of available transmit powers of all the transmission objects in the transmission object set is not greater than the maximum transmit power; and sending each transmission object in the transmission object set according to the available transmit power corresponding to each transmission object in the transmission object set.
Power adaptation based on error rate
A host device is configured to increase the power output by an internal amplifier of its wireless chipset in response to requests from a remote device coupled via a data link. Once the internal amplifier has reached its maximum power, the host device may determine the strength of the data link between it and the remote device. If the strength is low, it is an indication that further increases in signal power by the host device may have little effect on the link. If the signal strength from the remote device is sufficient, the host device determines an error rate. If the error rate is sufficiently low, the host device will not increase its signal output power. However, if the error rate is too high, the host device may increase power from its external amplifier to improve the error rate of the data link.
Apparatus and method for transmitting messages in mobile telecommunications system user equipment
A method and device for transmitting a sequence of messages from a handheld telecommunications device to a telecommunications network is described, the sequence of messages comprising a plurality of messages to be transmitted at specified times. The method comprises transmitting a message of the sequence of messages and turning off at least one of the transmitter and receiver of the device after transmission of at least one of the messages in the sequence of messages. The method has particular application to messages that terminate a radio connection, such as RRC Connection Release Complete messages in a UMTS system.
System and method for providing schedule information used to snoop ranging exchanges between wireless devices
Apparatus, methods, and other embodiments associated with obtaining schedule information to support snoop ranging are described. According to one embodiment, a method is performed by a station device on a computer network and includes establishing a network association with a network device of the computer network. The method also includes receiving schedule information from the network device without having to previously transmit to the network device to initiate acquisition of the schedule information. The schedule information is negotiated between other network devices communicating in the computer network, or between the network device and at least one of the other network devices. The schedule information is communicated to the network device and specifies timing associated with a ranging exchange between the other network devices, or between the network device and at least one of the other network devices, and may be used by the station device for snooping.
Device and method for proximity based small cell discovery
A device in a wireless communication system that includes circuitry that acquires location information of user equipment, calculates, according to at least the location information, stay time required for the user equipment to pass through the small cell, the stay time being a limited time, evaluates a mobility state of the user equipment according to the location information of the user equipment at different time by comparing the calculated stay time with a predetermined stay time threshold value, determines an operation from among a plurality of operations related to small cell detection according to changes in the mobility state and the location information of the user equipment, and execute the determined operation related to small cell detection.
Providing communication over a plurality of networks
One example aspect of the present disclosure relates to a method for providing communication over a plurality of networks. The method can include intercepting a message from a communication management unit located on a vehicle to a first transmitter located on the vehicle, wherein the communication management unit is configured to manage communications over the first network, and wherein the first transmitter is configured to communicate over the first network. The method can include initiating a communication session with the first transmitter and a second transmitter located on the vehicle, wherein the second transmitter is configured to communicate over a second network. The method can include routing the message among the first transmitter and the second transmitter, wherein the communication management unit is unaware of the second transmitter.
Systems and methods for routing data
Methods and systems for routing data are disclosed. In one aspect, service management can be implemented on one or more computing devices located between at least one router and one or more nodes. The one or more computing devices can be a default gateway for a plurality of user devices. In another aspect, the disclosed methods and systems can use a tag in routing a data block (e.g., service data) via a predefined route. For example, a device can transmit a request for a tag to a network node for routing a data block via a predefined route. Upon receiving the request, the network node can allocate a tag and create an interface. The interface can be associated with the tag and communications between the network node and the device for routing the data block.
Beacon device for seamless service, and control method thereof
Provided are a beacon device and a control method for seamless service. The beacon device includes a plurality of Bluetooth communication modules. The beacon device activates one of the plurality of Bluetooth communication modules to broadcast a beacon signal. While the activated Bluetooth communication module is connected to any terminal device, the beacon device activates another one of the plurality of Bluetooth communication modules to broadcast the beacon signal, enabling the seamless service.
Carrier-aggregation-based handover method
Provided are a method for performing handover in a cellular mobile communication system that supports a carrier aggregation, and a user equipment and a node base (NodeB) using the method. A connection between the user equipment and the NodeB may be maintained and information may be exchanged using a plurality of serving carriers. Before performing the handover, the user equipment may perform measurement with respect to a neighboring NodeB supporting the carrier aggregation, and may provide parameter information to the NodeB in order to support a carrier aggregation function required for the handover. In a handover seamless environment, the continuity of a service may be provided and the performance of the service may be enhanced.
Base station and method for early handover using uplink channel characteristics
Embodiments of a base station and method for early handover using uplink channel characteristics in a wireless network are generally described herein. In some embodiments, a method for handover determination is performed by an enhanced node B (eNB) operating as a serving cell base station. In these embodiments, a handover decision is based on a signal level of uplink transmissions of user equipment (UE) measured at a target cell base station in addition to signal levels of downlink signals of the target cell base station and downlink signals of a serving cell base station measured at the UE.
Transferring a wireless device from a serving cell to a target cell
One or more factors are determined for a target cell, the one or more factors being at least one of a morphology, a band class, a loading, and a MIMO type. A modified target cell signal strength threshold for the target cell is set using the one or more factors. The modified target cell signal strength threshold is utilized to initiate a transfer of the wireless device from the serving cell to the target cell.
Method for reporting a measurement report of a measurement event
The present invention discloses a method for reporting a measurement report of a measurement event, including: determining that a measurement event is generated in a user equipment UE in an activated state of discontinuous reception DRX mode; judging whether a first time to trigger corresponding to the measurement event is valid when it is determined that there is a measurement event generated; using, when it is judged that the first time to trigger is valid, the first time to trigger to time the measurement event; using, when it is judged that the first time to trigger is invalid, a second time to trigger to time the measurement event, such that the UE is in next one or next several activated states of DRX mode after the generation of the measurement event. The present invention can improve a success rate of mobility handover between cells or wireless link quality.
Systems, apparatuses, and methods for managing user equipment mobility information
Disclosed herein are apparatuses, systems, and methods for creating and editing user equipment (UE) mobility information. During a radio resource control idle (RRC_IDLE) state, a plurality of cell reselections are logged into a mobility report, and each logged cell reselection includes a cell identification (Cell ID) and a Time of Stay (ToS) duration. The mobility report is edited to remove one or more logged cell reselections based, at least in part, on identifying logged cell reselections having duplicate Cell IDs and/or identifying logged cell reselections having a ToS duration lower than a threshold value. The edited mobility report is transmitted to an evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN) in response to the UE transitioning from the RRC_IDLE state to a radio resource control connected (RRC_CONNECTED) state.
A communication system is described in which user plane communication and control plane communication for a particular mobile communication device can be split between a base station that operates a small cell and a macro base station. Appropriate security for the user plane and control plane communications is safeguarded by ensuring that each base station is able to obtain or derive the correct security parameters for protecting the user plane or control plane communication for which it is responsible.
UE context identification method, UE and base station
Embodiments of the present disclosure provide a UE context identification method, UE and a base station. The identification method includes: obtaining a first terminal identity of the UE by the first base station, wherein the first terminal identity is transmitted by the UE to a network side after connection failure; finding a second terminal identity corresponding to the second base station in a context of the UE according to the first terminal identity; and transmitting to the second base station a handover report containing the second terminal identity, so that the second base station finds the context of the UE according to the second terminal identity. With the embodiments of the present disclosure, it is ensured that the base station is able to identify a context of the UE.
Systems and methods for managing connectivity between access points and hotspots in a network of moving things, for example including autonomous vehicles
Systems and methods for managing connectivity in a network of moving things. As non-limiting examples, various aspects of this disclosure provide systems and methods for managing connectivity in a network in which at least a portion of the network access points are moving.
Link layered networks with improved operation
A method and system for optimizing and keeping operational a wireless link layered network in which a system control and modifying message (SCMM) is elicited from nodes receiving information packets and based upon whether the node originating the SCMM is from a link layer level which is equal to or less than the link layer level eliciting the SCMM, rerouting or adjusting future transmissions can be effected or items like a less current time at a receiving node and a most recent utilization rate of a receiving node can be adjusted, recorded or set.
AID reassignment method, and apparatus for performing said aid reassignment method
Disclosed are an AID reassignment method capable of optimally operating a wireless LAN system, and an apparatus for performing the AID reassignment method. The method comprises the steps of: generating a reconnection request frame for an AID reassignment request; transmitting the generated reconnection request frame to the currently associated access point; and receiving a reconnection response frame including AID reassignment information from the access point. Thus, the AID of the currently associated terminal can be dynamically reassigned according to a change in the characteristics of the terminal, thus operating a wireless LAN system in an optimum manner.
Enhanced network performance monitoring
There are disclosed measures for enhancing network performance monitoring. Such measures may for example comprise receiving a report on measurements of terminal-related network performance parameters from a terminal, acquiring information of access network-related network performance parameters, and combining the received terminal-related network performance parameters and the acquired access network-related network performance parameters into a combined network performance report.
Wireless communication system for reporting radio link information of a first radio link via a second radio link when radio link problem has occurred in the first radio link
A wireless communication system, an apparatus in the wireless communication system and a method. The apparatus at a user equipment side in the wireless communication system includes: a wireless link problem detector, detecting a first wireless link between a first node and a user equipment to determine whether a wireless link problem occurs; a timer configuration unit, which starts a first timer when detecting that the wireless link problem occurs on the first wireless link, wherein the user equipment considers that a wireless link failure event occurring on the first wireless link is detected when the first timer expires; and a wireless link information reporting unit, which reports content including wireless link information of the first wireless link to a second node through a second wireless link between the user equipment and the second node when detecting that the wireless link problem occurs on the first wireless link.
Method and apparatus for handling traffic steering failure in wireless communication system
A method and apparatus for transmitting information in a wireless communication system is provided. A user equipment (UE) determines whether a failure of traffic steering, between a 3rd generation partnership project (3GPP) network and a wireless local area network (WLAN), has occurred. If it is determined that the failure of traffic steering has occurred, the UE logs information on the failure of traffic steering, and transmits the information on the failure of traffic steering to the 3GPP network when the connection with the 3GPP network is established.
Parameterized radio waveform techniques for operating in multiple wireless environments
Techniques for operating a wireless network in a plurality of radio operating environments are disclosed. In some embodiments, an apparatus receives a first parameter value set that is selected from a group of multiple parameter value sets, wherein the first parameter value set is appropriate for a first target radio operating environment that corresponds to one or more of: a first level of mobility of user devices or a first range of wireless transmission. In some embodiments, the apparatus is reconfigured to receive wireless broadcast transmissions from a second broadcast transmitter using a second parameter value set that is appropriate for a second target radio operating environment. The first and second broadcast transmitters may be the same or different. The parameter value sets may include a first parameter based upon which the apparatus is configured to determine subcarrier spacing and a second parameter that indicates a cyclic prefix size.
Optimizing discovery of high resources consuming wireless network resource within a group of mobile communication devices
A discovering master communication device for discovering high resources consuming wireless network resources to optimize resources consumption during network discovery session(s) within a group of nearby communication devices, comprising: a first interface for communicating with remote site(s) over high resources consuming wireless network(s), a second interface for communicating with nearby device(s) which include similar first interface and located within range of the second interface. For a similar communication session, resources consumption of the second interface is lower compared to the first interface, and processor(s) executing a stored code for activating the first interface to discover availability of high resources consuming wireless network resource(s) with assistance of the nearby device(s), sending availability message to the nearby device(s) over the second interface, and sending master assignment message to one of the nearby device(s) over the second interface.
System and method for modifying a service-specific data plane configuration
A method for network adaptation includes receiving, by an adaptation coordinator of a virtual network, a performance measurement generated at a performance checkpoint located in the virtual network. The method also includes generating, by the adaptation coordinator, a first update of a service-specific configuration of the virtual network. The first update includes at least one of a modification of a performance checkpoint configuration, a modification of a Virtual Network Function (VNF) configuration, a modification of a protocol configuration, a modification of a resource allocation input, or a modification of a logical graph. The service-specific configuration includes a configuration of a plurality of logical nodes and a plurality of logical links of the virtual network in accordance with a service-specific data plane logical topology.
Capacity optimization sub-system for distributed antenna system
Certain aspects are directed to a capacity optimization sub-system for a distributed antenna system. The capacity optimization sub-system includes a switch matrix and a controller. The switch matrix includes variable attenuators and switches. The switch matrix can receive sectors from base stations. The switch matrix can provide the sectors to coverage zones. The controller can communicate with the switch matrix. The controller can determine that a number of wireless devices in one or more of the coverage zones is outside a specified range of threshold traffic levels. In response to determining that the number of wireless devices is outside the specified range of threshold traffic levels, the controller can configure one or more of the variable attenuators and corresponding switches to redistribute capacity among the coverage zones by, for example, increasing and/or decreasing capacity in one or more of the coverage zones.
Using geographical features to reduce in-field propagation experimentation
The present invention includes an apparatus and method for determining cell coverage in a region with reduced in-field propagation measurements comprising: obtaining geographical features of the region; predicting the number of measurements required to accurately characterize its path loss; determining the path loss prediction accuracy of wardriving and crowdsourcing by oversampling a suburban and a downtown region from cell measurements that comprise signal strength and global positioning system coordinates; and using statistical learning to build a relationship between these geographical features and the measurements required, thereby reducing the number of measurements needed to determine path loss accuracy.
Method and apparatus for indicating cell splitting pattern
The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for indicating a cell splitting pattern to a neighboring base station. A base station may perform cell splitting, and transmit, to the neighboring base station, coverage information representing the current shape of the split cells of the base station, determined by the cell splitting. In addition, the base station may further transmit, to the neighboring base station, index information indicating the current cell splitting pattern preconfigured between the base station and the neighboring base station. The neighboring base station may apply a set of mobility robustness optimization (MRO) parameters on the basis of the received coverage information.
System and method for improved identification of a mobile device
An improved technique for identifying a user's mobile device is discussed. A persistent and unified identifier that bridges mobile app to mobile web and to other web browser-compatible mediums is utilized. Using a unique verification identifier, the unified identifier is consistently verified, revived and distributed across application and browser mediums.
User equipment in mobile communication system and control method thereof
Methods and apparatuses are provided for controlling a user equipment (UE) in a mobile communication system is provided. A first security mode command message for security authentication of the UE is received from a first base station (BS). It is determined whether a cell reselection event between the UE and a second BS is generated before the security authentication with the first BS is completed. The UE is controlled so that security states of the UE and the second BS match, when the cell reselection event is generated before the security authentication with the first BS is completed.
Wireless pairing of personal health device with a computing device
Systems and methods for the wireless pairing of a personal health device (PHD) (e.g., blood glucose monitor) with a computing device (e.g., smartphone) are disclosed herein. In an embodiment, the PHD communicates a private key to the computing device via a first communication medium (e.g., light signal, audio signal, pattern). The PHD receives from the computing device via a second wireless communication medium (e.g., Bluetooth® or WiFi) pairing information including the private key. The PHD can then establish a secure communication channel with the computing device by pairing the PHD to the computing device.
Method and apparatus for initializing an RFID tag via an optical display
A method and apparatus for initializing a radio frequency identification tag are disclosed. For example, the method receives an optical signal having a unique identifier and an encryption key from a display by a radio frequency identification repeater associated with the radio frequency identification tag, wherein the radio frequency identification repeater comprises an optical reader. The method then transmits a communication comprising radio frequency identification information associated with the radio frequency identification tag and the unique identifier via the radio frequency identification repeater to a wireless access point, wherein the communication is encrypted using the encryption key.
Over-the-air content management of wireless equipment in confined-coverage wireless networks
Content of wireless equipment (WE) is managed over-the-air (OTA). Content is germane to feature(s) of the WE and is related to operation thereof. Management of the content is automatically implemented in response to attachment of the WE to a confined-coverage access point (AP). The WE and a network server enable, in part, such management. The confined-coverage AP enables exchange of signaling and data associated with management of the content amongst the WE and the network server. Content includes software (SW); management OTA of SW can include update of an in-use version of a SW application or related SW component(s). SW update signaling can comprise message(s) conveying a WE identifier and in-use version(s) of SW; request(s) for an update instruction; request(s) for at least one file associated with the SW; or message(s) indicative of availability of version(s) of SW newer than the in-use version(s).
Subscriber data federation in a telecommunications network
A method for retrieving data from a telecommunications network includes receiving a request at a view for the subscriber data from a telecommunications application, where the subscriber data resides on multiple data sources. The method includes sending the request to each data source coupled to the view and receiving the subscriber data from the data sources coupled to the view. The method further includes merging the subscriber data into a single data record and returning the merged data record to the telecommunications application.
A security element of a mobile device comprises a service-provider network subscription associated with a service provider. The security element is arranged such that the service-provider subscription is employable parallel to a user network subscription installed on the security element. A service associated with the service provider thus becomes utilizable on the basis of the service-provider subscription, independently of a user subscription that might be present on the same security element.
Mobile data service control for a wireless communication device
A Long Term Evolution (LTE) network receives a registration request from User Equipment (UE) and responsively identifies a mobile data Access Point Name (APN) and an Internet Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) APN for the UE. The LTE network establishes a mobile data bearer and an IMS bearer responsive to APNs. The LTE network receives a user instruction to disable the mobile data service for the UE and responsively releases the mobile data bearer and disables the mobile data APN for the UE. An IMS server system exchanges messages with the UE over the IMS bearer when the mobile data service is disabled. The LTE network receives a user instruction to enable the mobile data service for the UE and responsively enables the mobile data APN for the UE.
Method for detecting search signal for device-to-device (D2D) communication in wireless communication system, and apparatus therefor
The present invention relates to a method for detecting a search signal of a first terminal for device-to-device (D2D) communication in a wireless communication system. Specifically, the method comprises the steps of: receiving search signals from second terminals; and obtaining control information for D2D communication by carrying out blind decoding of the search signals, wherein a search space for the blind decoding consists of at least one virtual resource block (VRB) set configured on the basis of multiple physical resource block sets which are predefined such that the search signals are assigned thereto.
Information processing apparatus, information processing method, and storage medium
To propose an information processing apparatus, information processing method and storage medium which enable acquisition of information useful for estimation of realistic human relationship.[Solution] An information processing apparatus includes: a communication unit configured to be able to communicate with another information processing apparatus by using a plurality of communication schemes; and a control unit configured to, when communication with the another information processing apparatus is successful, store in a storage medium a log in which identification information corresponding to the another information processing apparatus acquired from the another information processing apparatus through the communication unit and communication scheme information indicating a communication scheme with which the communication is successful are associated with each other.
Method and apparatus for content presentation in association with a telephone call
A method and apparatus are provided for presenting multimedia content to a caller and/or a called party in association with a telephone call. Content may be presented pre-ring (before the called party's telephone rings), in-call, and/or post-call. Content presented to a party may be related to or selected by another party participating in the call, or may be related to or selected by a third party (e.g., an advertiser that paid for the ability to have its content presented). Presented content may be actuable, and allow a caller to change the destination of a call, take advantage of an offer presented to him, redeem a coupon, schedule or queue a subsequent call, etc. To find a desired destination party, a caller may initiate a manual or automatic search of his local contacts (on his telephone) and/or a central or global directory or contact list.
Device pairing for textual communications
Devices, methods, and computer-readable media are disclosed for processing a communication. For example, a method may include a processor of a first mobile device receiving a communication for the first mobile device from a third-party device, the communication including a textual content, modifying the communication based upon a pairing profile associated with a second mobile device to create a modified communication, and forwarding the modified communication to the second mobile device via a wireless connection in accordance with the pairing profile. The method may further include the processor receiving a content responding to the communication from the second mobile device and transmitting a response message including the content to the third-party device.
Methods and systems for implementing a self-managed control channel
Disclosed herein are methods and systems for implementing a self-managed control channel. A mobile radio is a member of a talkgroup. The mobile radio has first and second receivers, and a preconfigured channel list that includes a control channel and multiple voice channels. The mobile radio monitors which voice channels are busy, and monitors the control channel using the first receiver. The mobile radio detects a session-start event. If that event is a session-start command, the mobile radio selects an idle voice channel and transmits, via the control channel, a session-start notification identifying the talkgroup and specifying the selected voice channel. If that event is receipt, via the control channel, of a session-start notification identifying the talkgroup and specifying a voice channel, the mobile radio determines whether the second receiver is tuned to that voice channel and, if not, tunes the second receiver to that voice channel.
Apparatus, system and method of NAN multicast group
Some demonstrative embodiments include apparatuses, systems and/or methods of communicating traffic to a plurality of wireless devices. For example, an apparatus may include logic and circuitry configured to cause a Neighbor Awareness Networking (NAN) device to communicate one or more discovery messages during at least one Discovery Window (DW) of a NAN cluster including the NAN device; and communicate data within a data link group after the DW, the data link group including the NAN device and one or more NAN devices of the NAN cluster.
Communication device, communication control method, and program
There is provided a communication device including an obtaining unit configured to obtain first state information representing a state of a first wireless communication device regarding a direct connection between devices via wireless communication and second state information representing a state of a second wireless communication device regarding the direct connection, and a control unit configured to establish a connection between the first wireless communication device and the second wireless communication device via the wireless communication on the basis of the first state information and the second state information. At least one of the first state information and the second state information is obtained via near-field communication.
Providing contact data of second mobile devices proximate to a target person of a first mobile device
An approach is disclosed that identifies a location of mobile device associated with a target person, such as a spouse, child, or employee. The approach then identifies other mobile devices that have current locations that are near, or proximate to, the identified location. The requestor is then provided with contact data corresponding to one or more users of the other mobile devices.
System and method for a proximity correlation platform based on geolocation information
A device may receive, from a server device, information that identifies a user device and information that identifies an object. The device may receive, from the user device, information that identifies a geolocation of the user device. The device may receive information that identifies a geolocation of the object. The device may determine that a proximity condition associated with the user device and the object is satisfied. The device may provide information that identifies that the proximity condition is satisfied to permit an action to be performed in association with the object.
Hands-free speech communication device for an emergency call system
A speech communication device includes microphones configured with: microphones M1 and M2 disposed at positions which are axisymmetric with a centerline in a width direction of a housing as a symmetric axis; and a microphone M3 disposed at a position which is on the centerline and closer to a speaker than the microphones M1 and M2 are. The speech communication device is further equipped with: a sound processor which includes: a beam former which is connected to the microphones M1 and M2 and forms a bidirectionality in which directionality is strong in two directions each perpendicular to the centerline and is weak in two directions each along the centerline; and an echo cancel unit which is connected to the beam former and the microphone M3 and removes a sound signal having been output from the microphone M3 from a sound signal having been output from the beam former.
Method and apparatus for automatic wireless data transfer
An apparatus, a computer program and a method in an apparatus for causing obtaining from a wireless charging detector (220) an indication of the presence of a wireless charging field; causing obtaining from a near field communication circuitry (210) an indication of proximity of a near field communication device (1 10, 120); and responsively to obtaining the indications, causing negotiating with the near field communication device (1 10, 120).
Cloud-based proximity pairing and switching for peer-to-peer devices
A first wireless communication device (UE device) associated with a certain user (or included in a specified set/group of UE devices) may establish a first communication link with an accessory device according to a short-range radio access technology, and transmit link (pairing) information associated with the first communication link to a server, such as a cloud-based server. The server may share this (first) link information with other UE devices associated with the same user (or belonging to the same specified group of UE devices as the first UE device). Link information associated with the other UE devices (i.e. second link information) may equally be shared with the accessory device, and the other UE devices and accessory device may use the first link information and second link information in establishing respective communication links between any of the other UE devices and the accessory device without having to undergo a pairing procedure.
Switching between multiple coupling modes
A device for transmitting in multiple coupling modes has a transmission module (11), at least one periphery module (18), and an antenna (16, 17) for each of the multiple coupling modes. Further, in a method of switching between multiple coupling modes, switching is conducted between at least polling and listening phases of first and second coupling modes. The device and the method enable a seamless switching between e.g. a near field communication and a body coupled communication. Such a coupling or switching is particularly useful for performing secure transactions whereby through body coupled communication a body-worn tag is interrogated which provides a secure code for a transaction initiated through near field communication with a transaction terminal.
Method and telecommunications network for controlling activation of at least one terminal in a machine-type communication application
The invention relates to a method for controlling activation of at least one terminal in a machine-type communication application using a wireless access network. The wireless access network comprises a number of location areas, each of the location areas comprising a plurality of cells. The terminal has been assigned an identifier. First, a location identifier is received from a location provider, the location identifier indicating a subset of cells of at least one of the location areas. Activation of the at least one terminal is then controlled by transmitting at least one broadcast message on at least one cell broadcast channel in the cells of the subset indicated by the location identifier. The broadcast message contains the identifier or identifier part assigned to the terminal, such that the at least one terminal is signalled that the broadcast message is intended for him. An activation control system and a mobile terminal for use with such a system are also disclosed.
Allowing or disallowing access to resources based on sensor and state information
A system and method is provided for using information broadcast by devices and resources in the immediate vicinity of a mobile device, or by sensors located within the mobile device itself, to ascertain and make a determination of the immediate environment and state of the mobile device. This determination may be used to control and manage the actions that the device is asked to carry out by or on behalf of the user.
Methods and apparatus for compressing and decompressing a higher order ambisonics representation
Higher Order Ambisonics represents three-dimensional sound independent of a specific loudspeaker set-up. However, transmission of an HOA representation results in a very high bit rate. Therefore compression with a fixed number of channels is used, in which directional and ambient signal components are processed differently. The ambient HOA component is represented by a minimum number of HOA coefficient sequences. The remaining channels contain either directional signals or additional coefficient sequences of the ambient HOA component, depending on what will result in optimum perceptual quality. This processing can change on a frame-by-frame basis.
Stereo reproduction apparatus
A right expected value generator generates an expected value of a right channel spectrum from the right channel spectrum. Further, a left expected value generator generates an expected value of a left channel spectrum from the left channel spectrum. Further, a right channel spectrum corrector so corrects a right channel spectrum outputted from a second synthesizer that the right channel spectrum does not exceed the expected value of the right channel spectrum. Moreover, a left channel spectrum corrector so corrects a left channel spectrum outputted from the second synthesizer that the left channel spectrum does not exceed the expected value of the left channel spectrum.
Loudspeaker vibration system
A loudspeaker vibration system includes a diaphragm body part and a voice coil engaged at a lower side of the diaphragm body part. The diaphragm body part includes a rigid dome part, a silicon rubber membrane, and a plastic support engaged to an edge of the silicon rubber membrane. The dome part is engaged at a middle position of the silicon rubber membrane. A convex or concave bent ring part is provided at a location at an outer side of the dome part on the silicon rubber membrane. A spacing between the edge at an outer side of the dome part and an edge of the bent ring part closer to the dome part is in a range of 0.02 mm and 0.2 mm, and colloid is disposed in a gap between the dome part and the bent ring part. The loudspeaker vibration system according to the present disclosure may improve product sensitivity, reduce distortion and enhance acoustic performance of the product.
Miniature device having an acoustic diaphragm
A method of forming a device having a compliant member includes creating a membrane having one or more elastomeric layers which are at least partially cured. Another elastomeric layer is provided on the membrane in an uncured state. At least one of a bobbin and a housing are positioned so that an end of the bobbin or housing, or the ends of both the bobbin and housing, extend at least partially into the uncured elastomeric layer. The uncured elastomeric layer is then cured to secure it to the membrane and to the housing or bobbin, or both the housing and bobbin. The method substantially reduces or eliminates the formation of holes that can form during fabrication or use of the device.
Apparatus and method and computer program for generating a stereo output signal for providing additional output channels
An apparatus for generating a stereo output signal includes a manipulation information generator being adapted to generate manipulation information depending on a first signal indication value of a first input channel and on a second signal indication value of a second input channel, and a manipulator for manipulating a combination signal based on the manipulation information to obtain a first manipulated signal as a first output channel and a second manipulated signal as a second output channel. The combination signal is a signal derived by combining the first input channel and the second input channel. Furthermore, the manipulator is configured for manipulating the combination signal in a first manner, when the first signal indication value is in a first relation to the second signal indication value, or in a different second manner, when the first signal indication value is in a different second relation to the second signal indication value.
Audio filtering with virtual sample rate increases
The present invention relates broadly to a method of digitally filtering an audio signal at a predetermined sample rate by applying a composite audio filter derived at an increase sample rate. The composite audio filter is obtained by combining one audio filter with another audio filter at the increased sample rate. The sample rate of the audio filters may be increased from their predetermined to the increased sample rate using various weighting techniques. The composite filter may provide a frequency response curve with a corner frequency as it approaches the Nyquist frequency whereas the frequency response of a conventional filter (shown in broken line detail) is flat with no effect.
Sound filtering system
Provided is an earset. The earset includes an internal microphone provided inside an earphone worn on a user's ear, and configured to receive a first sound transferred from the user's mouth through an external auditory meatus via an Eustachian tube and convert the first sound into a first sound signal, at least one external microphone provided outside the earphone, and configured to receive a second sound provided from the user's mouth and convert the second sound into a second sound signal, and a controller configured to filter a noise of the second sound signal based on the first sound signal, remove the noise, and generate a third sound signal.
Acoustic resistive elements for ported transducer enclosure
An apparatus includes an enclosure capable of receiving a transducer for converting electrical signals into audible signals. The apparatus also includes one or more structures within the enclosure defining one or more channels, each channel having one end located within the enclosure and another end that is external to the enclosure. The apparatus also includes an acoustic resistive element located in the one of the one or more structures, the acoustic resistive element being capable of changing the acoustic characteristics of at least one of the one or more channels within the enclosure.
System and method of improving voice quality in a wireless headset with untethered earbuds of a mobile device
Method of improving voice quality using a wireless headset with untethered earbuds starts by receiving first acoustic signal from first microphone included in first untethered earbud and receiving second acoustic signal from second microphone included in second untethered earbud. First inertial sensor output is received from first inertial sensor included in first earbud and second inertial sensor output is received from second inertial sensor included in second earbud. First earbud processes first noise/wind level captured by first microphone, first acoustic signal and first inertial sensor output and second earbud processes second noise/wind level captured by second microphone, second acoustic signal, and second inertial sensor output. First and second noise/wind levels and first and second inertial sensor outputs are communicated between the earbuds. First earbud transmits first acoustic signal and first inertial sensor output when first noise and wind level is lower than second noise/wind level. Other embodiments are described.
A noise-cancelling headphone is provided that prevents degradation in the sound quality of the sound output from the driver unit caused by the sounds leaking through the vent hole for adjusting the sound quality. The noise-cancelling headphone includes a housing unit having an interior and an exterior, a driver unit attached to the housing unit, and a microphone collecting sound at the exterior of the housing unit. The housing unit includes an accommodating portion accommodating the microphone and a vent hole establishing communication between an air chamber behind the driver unit and the exterior of the housing unit. The housing unit is constructed such that emitted sounds from the vent hole are prevented from being collected by the microphone.
Connector for in-ear systems
A connector for providing audio signals to reduce noise during transmissions. A multi-pin connector receives audio signals and a ground, power, and audio signal connector transfers the audio signals to a noise-reduction device. An audio output transfers audio signals from the multi-pin connector to an in-ear system and at, least one ear-protection device. A multi-pin signal separator in communication with the multi-pin connector, the ground, power, and audio signal connector, and the audio output can receive all or a portion of the audio signals from the multi-pin connector, the ground, power, and audio signal connector, and the audio output and can selectively pass the audio signals to at least one of: the in-ear system and the at least one ear-protection device, while accepting a plurality of pin configurations.
Enclosure device for a video display
An improved enclosure device for protecting electronic equipment is disclosed. The enclosure device may include an adapter plate for attaching the electronic equipment to the enclosure device. The adapter plate is preferably configured to prevent damage to the electronic equipment when mounting the enclosure device to a generally vertical support. The enclosure device may include one or more inserts having an opening and a slit for receiving a cable so that the cable can be passed through the enclosure device. The insert preferably seals against the cable so that a barrier to water is created. As such, the electronic equipment may be protected from rain.
Speaker system such as a sound bar assembly having improved sound quality
A speaker system such as a sound bar assembly having a plurality of speaker units and improved sound quality is provided. Opposing mating portions of front and back panels of the assembly or system are fused or welded together to form outer boundary and interior joints where the front and back panels are welded together. The front and back panels are spaced apart at their first and second ends to define first and second speaker compartments, respectively, separated by a central compartment. A speaker unit is positioned in each of the speaker compartments. The speaker compartments are acoustically isolated from one another by the interior joints to improve the sound quality.
Device for installation and removal of a ceiling speaker system
A device for securing an object to a ceiling includes a threaded rod, a bracket and a spring-loaded tab. The spring-loaded tab has a tab portion with an outer surface. The tab portion is rotatable about an axis perpendicular to the threaded rod. When the device is attached to the object and the object moves into an opening in the ceiling for installation to the ceiling, the tab portion is urged from an extended position to enable the object to pass through the opening. Subsequently, the tab portion returns to its extended position such that the object can be temporarily supported by the tab within the ceiling opening. The bracket is configured so that during a removal process, a portion of the bracket urges the tab portion inward from the extended position to enable the object to be removed from the ceiling opening.
Acoustic device with curved passive radiators
An acoustic device includes an acoustic assembly that defines a first acoustic volume. The acoustic assembly includes at least one passive radiator in acoustic communication with the first acoustic volume. A first electro-acoustic driver is configured to acoustically energize the first acoustic volume so as to drive the piston in oscillatory motion. The acoustic device also includes a housing within which the acoustic assembly is disposed. The housing has a curved inner surface. The passive radiator has a curvature which conforms to the curvature of the curved inner surface of the housing so as to reduce unused space between the at least one passive radiator and the curved inner surface of the housing.
Wireless audio systems
A loudspeaker system can have first and second loudspeakers selectively operable in a single-channel mode or in a multi-channel mode. In the single-channel mode, the first and the second loudspeakers are configured to simultaneously reproduce a substantially identical signal. In the multi-channel mode, the first loudspeaker reproduces a first-channel signal and the second loudspeaker reproduces a second-channel signal. The first-channel signal and the second-channel signal can constitute respective portions of a multi-channel signal. Such loudspeaker systems can also have a mode selector configured to select one of the single-channel mode and the multi-channel mode. In some embodiments, such selection can occur in response to one or more detected proximities of another loudspeaker system. Multi-zone loudspeaker systems are also disclosed.
Data processing method and apparatus
A data processing method and apparatus are provided, which relate to the communications field and can reduce a delay and energy consumption for data processing in a data exchange process of an optical network. A specific solution is: obtaining a to-be-processed optical data packet; obtaining an optical label from the to-be-processed optical data packet; determining, according to the optical label, whether an optical signal data frame is a data frame of a preset type; if the optical signal data frame is the data frame of the preset type, obtaining a port corresponding to a label destination address according to an optical label destination address and generating an optical switching instruction; and outputting the to-be-processed optical data packet through a target port according to the optical switching instruction. The data processing method and apparatus are used for data processing.
Wheel assembly position identifying apparatus
A wheel assembly position identifying apparatus includes transmitters, each of which is provided in one of wheel assemblies, and a receiver, which is provided in a body of a vehicle. Each transmitter includes a transmission section, an acceleration sensor, and a transmission-side control section. The receiver includes a reception section, which is configured to receive the signals, and a reception-side control section, which is configured to execute a first identifying process and a second identifying process. In the first identifying process, the positions of the wheel assemblies, in which the corresponding transmitters are provided, are identified based on variations of the rotational positions of the wheel assemblies at the time when the constant position signals are received. In the second identifying process, the positions of the wheel assemblies, in which the corresponding transmitters are provided, are identified based on the received signal strength indications (RSSIs).
Self-powered utility delivery system
The present disclosure relates to a self-powered utility delivery system that includes a regulator that decreases a pressure of the utility flowing through the self-powered utility delivery system while producing electrical energy as a result of pressure regulation. Additionally, the self-powered utility delivery system includes an electronic utility meter that monitors a quantity (e.g., volume) of utility that flows through the self-powered utility delivery system and toward a consumer.
Programmable monitoring system
The programmable monitoring system comprises one or more motion sensors, one or more temperature sensors, one or more door sensors and one or more pill box sensors. Each sensor is tagged with a unique code readable by a smart phone camera and software program which allows alarms on the smart phone to be set. The alarms are individually set for any or all of the sensors based on habits of the person being monitored.
System and method for generating segmented content based on related data ranking
Systems and methods for generating segmented content based on related ranking information are disclosed. Some embodiments include indexing audio information of primary content based on a first plurality of time segments, where the indexed audio information includes a plurality of audio identifiers; indexing video information of the primary content based on a second plurality of time segments, where the indexed video information includes a plurality of video identifiers, obtaining secondary data related to the primary content from an external source, generating identifying information corresponding to the secondary data and comparing the generated identifying information with the indexed audio information and video information, increasing a rank value associated with a segment of the primary content, and generating a media file corresponding to a segment associated with a highest rank value and storing the generated media file in a memory.
Multi-switch having a dynamic input assignment
A multi-switch for distributing satellite signals of different levels includes: multiple inputs for connection to controllable sources for satellite signals of the different levels; multiple outputs for connection to receivers for the satellite signals; and a switching unit for connecting outputs to inputs, the switching unit receiving requests for levels via the inputs and assigning the inputs dynamically to outputs on which the same requests were output. The switching unit outputs the requests for levels in accordance with the sequence of their arrival on unused inputs in a corresponding sequence. The requests are dynamically switched at the inputs in accordance with the requests at the outputs and are not assigned according to a predetermined scheme.
System and method for providing cloud based user interfaces
Provided is a method and system for providing cloud based user interface (UIs) that may store video content and a UI resource in a storage separate from a server, and may control the video content and the UI resource to be synthesized at a subscriber terminal device, thereby significantly decreasing load of a UIs providing server. The method and system for providing cloud based UIs may provide consistent UIs to various set-top boxes and media devices and may easily perform a change and a test of UIs.
Apparatus and method for processing an interactive service
A method of processing an interactive service and an apparatus thereof are disclosed. The present invention includes receiving uncompressed audio content or uncompressed video content from an external decoding unit, extracting identifiers of frames from the received content periodically, submitting requests containing the identifiers and receiving a trigger for the content when a new segment is detected or when an event activation needs to be communicated to the receiver, wherein the trigger indicates the current time of the contents and references a particular interactive event in an application parameter table or signals that the event is to be executed now or at a specified future time, wherein the application parameter table includes information about at least one of applications.
Interactive distributed multimedia system
Systems and methods for providing an interactive multimedia experience are described. For example, a method for providing interactive content includes receiving content data, receiving an indication of a region within a frame of the content data, receiving a scripting event associated with the region, wherein the scripting event specifies an action to be taken responsive to a trigger, receiving a metadata tag or a reference to the metadata tag, the metadata tag associated with the region, and formatting at least a portion of the content data, the indication of the region, the scripting event, and the metadata tag or the reference to the metadata tag in accordance with a file format for transmission.
Coax server acting as proxy between coax transmission infrastructure and internet protocol (IP) transmission infrastructure for media on demand content
A coax server acts as a proxy between a coax transmission infrastructure and an Internet Protocol (IP) transmission infrastructure. An incoming request is received from a particular one of a plurality of coax client devices on the coax infrastructure. A request for specific media content is transmitted to a media-on-demand server in response to receiving the incoming request. A media stream is received over the IP infrastructure from the media-on-demand server, the media stream corresponding to the specific media content, and the coax server allocates a coax channel of sufficient bandwidth on the coax infrastructure and transmits the media stream on the coax channel utilizing the RF modulation scheme. A pointer indicating the coax channel on which the media stream is being transmitted is sent to the particular coax client device. The coax channel is unknown to other of the coax client devices besides the particular coax client device.
Embodiments relate to content distribution from a settop box in which audio/visual data is distributed to one or more than one user equipment by an eNB by emulating at least one of the LTE M2 and M3 interfaces.
Method and system for efficient communication
Methods and apparatus for efficiently directing communications are disclosed. On example entails receiving, from a mobile terminal, a communication directed to a cellular communication network, the communication being received in an alternative channel that differs from a channel of the cellular communication network. The communication is then converted for a relayed communication to the cellular communication network on behalf of the mobile terminal, the relayed communication being made through the cellular communication network.
Reception of broadcast data in a data carousel transmission scheme and television receiver for the same
Provided is a reception apparatus including a reception unit that receives broadcast content transmitted by a broadcast waves of digital broadcasting, a first obtaining unit that obtains transmission data other than data-broadcast content, the transmission data being transmitted in a data carousel transmission scheme by the broadcast wave, and a control unit that controls a predetermined operation based on the obtained transmission data.
Method and apparatus to create intuitive favorites for users
Example embodiments provide systems and methods for dynamically creating intuitive favorites for a user. The system and methods include monitoring actions performed, by the user at a digital receiver, with respect to a plurality of content programs. The actions performed with respect to the plurality of content programs are analyzed. The analysis includes comparing a level of the actions with respect to a first content program of the plurality of content programs with a threshold. Based on the comparing indicating that the first content program is a favorites, an indication that the first content program is a favorites content program is stored to a data store.
Systems, methods, and computer-readable media for transitioning media playback between multiple electronic devices
Systems, methods, and computer-readable media for transitioning media playback between multiple electronic devices are provided. A first electronic subsystem may be configured to playback first media with a first playback value of a first playback characteristic, determine a first relationship value of a first relationship characteristic between the first electronic subsystem and the second electronic subsystem, and transmit a first control instruction that is based on the determined first relationship value and the first playback value. The second electronic subsystem may be configured to receive the transmitted first control instruction and playback second media with a second playback value of the first playback characteristic, where the second playback value may be based on the received first control instruction. This may enable a consistent experience for a user proximate to the first subsystem as the playback of media is transitioned from the first subsystem to the second subsystem.
Method and system for directing service offerings corresponding to a customer risk profile
A system and method includes a first user device and a head end. The head end has a billing system an audience measurement module. A billing system associates first content package data with first account data comprising a first account identifier. The first user device communicates a viewing history to the audience measurement module. The audience measurement module stores the viewing history over time. The head end communicates account data and the viewing history to a customer service system. The customer service system forms a selection signal by selecting second package content data. A comparison list is displayed comparing first package data and second package data. The customer service system communicates a confirmation signal to the billing system. The billing system associates the first content package data with the first account data. An authorization signal is communicated to the first user device to enable receiving the second content package.
Shot structure of online video as a predictor of success
Systems, methods, and computer program products to perform an operation comprising receiving a plurality of superclusters that includes at least one of a plurality of shot clusters, wherein each of the shot clusters includes at least one of a plurality of video shots, and wherein each video shot includes one or more video frames, and computing an expected value for a metric based on the plurality of superclusters.
Server and client processing multiple sets of channel information and controlling method of the same
A technical method related to a server and a client processing multiple sets of channel information is disclosed. Herein, An apparatus of processing multiple channel information according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention includes a decoder decoding encoded data received from a server, a demultiplexer demultiplexing video data, audio data and metadata for each channel from the decoded data, a controller extracting video data, audio data and metadata for a channel group for on-screen display (OSD) data, the channel group including one or more channels, an OSD generator generating OSD data based on the extracted video data, audio data and metadata for the channel group, and a display module displaying the generated OSD data on a predetermined section along with a broadcast screen of a currently selected channel.
Decoding apparatus capable of controlling repetition number of scan procedure based on at least one syntax element decoding result and related method
A decoding apparatus has an arithmetic decoder and a controller. A counter logic of the controller generates a first statistics result according to a first syntax element decoding result. A control logic of the controller instructs the arithmetic decoder to perform a first scan procedure at least once to generate the first syntax element decoding result of transform coefficients of a transform coefficient block, controls a repetition number of a second scan procedure based at least partly on the first statistics result, and instructs the arithmetic decoder to perform the second scan procedure at least once to generate a second syntax element decoding result of the transform coefficients. The first scan procedure decodes a first coded syntax element of one transform coefficient when performed by the arithmetic decoder once. The second scan procedure decodes a second coded syntax element of one transform coefficient when performed by the arithmetic decoder once.
Stereoscopic video encoding and decoding methods and apparatus
Methods and apparatus for stereoscopic image encoding and decoding are described. Left and right eye images are encoded following an entropy reduction operation being applied to one of the eye images when there is a difference between the left and right images of an image pair. Information about regions of negative parallax within the entropy reduced image of an image pair is encoded along with the images. Upon decoding a sharpening filter is applied to the image in an image pair which was subjected to the entropy reduction operation. In addition edge enhancement filtering is performed on the regions of the recovered entropy reduced image which are identified in the encoded image data as regions of negative parallax. Interleaving of left and right eye images at the input of the encoder combined with entropy reduction allows for efficient encoding, storage, and transmission of 3D images.
Image decoding method, image coding method, image decoding apparatus, image coding apparatus, and image coding and decoding apparatus
The image coding method includes: determining a context for a current block to be processed, from among a plurality of contexts; and performing arithmetic coding on the control parameter for the current block to generate a bitstream corresponding to the current block, wherein in the determining: the context is determined under a condition that control parameters of neighboring blocks of the current block are used, when the signal type is a first type, the neighboring blocks being a left block and an upper block of the current block; and the context is determined under a condition that the control parameter of the upper block is not used, when the signal type is a second type, and the second type is one of “mvd_l0” and “mvd_l1”.
Image decoding device and image coding device
A hierarchical moving image decoding device (1) includes an inter-layer reference image list setting section (155) that derives an inter-layer reference image list and an inter-layer reference image set used in pictures on a specific target layer based on a parameter set of a target layer.
Systems and methods for enhanced video encoding
Systems, methods, and non-transitory computer-readable media receive a source video having a source file size. A bit rate at which to encode the source video is determined. The source video is encoded at the determined bit rate to produce an encoded video having a file size less than the source file size. A video quality metric for the encoded video is determined. Whether or not the video quality metric for the encoded video is within an allowable deviation from a target quality metric is determined. The source video is encoded at another determined bit rate when the video quality metric for the encoded video is outside the allowable deviation from the target quality metric. Determining the bit rate and encoding the source video at the determined bit rate can repeat iteratively until the video quality metric for the encoded video is within the allowable deviation from the target quality metric.
Method and apparatus for simplified motion vector predictor derivation
A method and apparatus for deriving a motion vector predictor (MVP) candidate set for motion vector coding of a current block. Embodiments according to the present invention determine a redundancy-removed spatial-temporal MVP candidate set. The redundancy-removed spatial-temporal MVP candidate set is derived from a spatial-temporal MVP candidate set by removing any redundant MVP candidate. The spatial-temporal MVP candidate set includes a top spatial MVP candidate, a left spatial MVP candidate and one temporal MVP candidate. The method further checks whether candidate number of the redundancy-removed spatial-temporal MVP candidate set is smaller than a threshold, and adds a zero motion vector to the redundancy-removed spatial-temporal MVP candidate set if the candidate number is smaller than the threshold. Finally, the method provides the redundancy-removed spatial-temporal MVP candidate set for encoding or decoding of the motion vector of a current block.
Macroblock partitioning and motion estimation using object analysis for video compression
A method and device for encoding video including determining objects within a frame at least partially based on movement characteristics of underlying pixels and partitioning the frame into blocks by considering a plurality of partitioning options, such partitioning favoring options that result in different objects being placed in different blocks.
Image decoding method using intra prediction mode
A method for decoding an image is discussed. The method can include generating a residual block; reconstructing an intra prediction mode group indicator and a prediction mode index of a prediction unit; constructing a first group including three intra prediction modes using available intra prediction modes of left and top blocks of the prediction unit; determining the intra prediction mode corresponding to the prediction mode index in the first group as the intra prediction mode of the prediction unit when the intra prediction mode group indicator indicates the first group; generating a prediction block on the basis of the determined intra prediction mode of the prediction unit; generating a reconstructed block using the residual block and the prediction block; and performing deblocking filtering on a reconstructed picture.
Simplified non-square quadtree transforms for video coding
In an example, a method of decoding video data includes determining a prediction partitioning structure for predicting pixel values associated with a block of video data. The method also includes determining a transform partitioning structure for applying one or more transforms to the predicted pixel values. Determining the transform split structure includes splitting a parent transform unit, upon determining the transform partitioning structure comprises splitting the parent transform unit into one or more square transforms, determining one or more square transforms such that each of the one or more square transforms correspond to exactly one prediction partition, and upon determining the transform partitioning structure comprises splitting the parent transform unit into one or more non-square transforms, determining whether to split the one or more non-square transforms based at least in part on the one or more non-square transforms being non-square.
Systems and methods to confirm that an autostereoscopic display is accurately aimed
A autostereoscopic display system includes an autostereoscopic display configured to project images representing a left-eye view and a right-eye view of an image, an emitter configured to emit a tracer beam having a directional relationship to that of the projected images, a sensor configured to detect reflections of the tracer beam, and a processing circuit. The processing circuit is configured to control an emission of the tracer beam, receive feedback data from the sensor, use the feedback data to determine an impact site on the viewer corresponding to the tracer beam and adjust a direction of the tracer beam based on the impact site.
Stereo camera device
To provide a stereo camera device capable of maintaining performance and reliability, while realizing thickness reduction, provided are a first image pickup device, a first communication connection unit to output a first image captured with the first image pickup device, a first image pickup substrate where the first image pickup device and the first communication connection unit are provided, a second image pickup device, a second communication connection unit to output a second image captured with the second image pickup device, a second image pickup substrate where the second image pickup device and the second communication connection unit are provided, and a housing where the first image pickup substrate is provided at one end and the second image pickup substrate is provided at another end. In the first image pickup substrate, the first image pickup device and the first communication connection unit are provided in parallel with each other in a lengthwise direction of the housing. In the second image pickup substrate, the second image pickup device and the second communication connection unit are provided in parallel with each other in the lengthwise direction of the housing. The first image pickup substrate and the second image pickup substrate are symmetrically provided.
Determining three dimensional information using a single camera
Two dimensional images captured by a camera or other device may be used to generate three dimensional information for target objects included in the two dimensional images. Sensor information and other information associated with the device capturing the two dimensional images may be obtained and used to determine a displacement or movement of the camera during capture of the two dimensional images. The displacement or movement may be used to calculate a distance of the target object in the two dimensional images. The distance information may be used to generate virtual planes corresponding to the target objects.
Data transport in caption service
A method of a reception apparatus for processing closed caption data. The method includes receiving audio/video (A/V) content and closed caption data for a first caption service and a second caption service. The closed caption data for the first caption service includes closed caption text and the closed caption data for the second caption service includes additional data. Caption service blocks are extracted from the closed caption data for both the first caption service and the second caption service when the first caption service is to be displayed with the A/V content. The additional data included in the closed caption data for the second caption service is parsed from the caption services blocks for the second caption service. A presentation of the A/V content and the closed caption text is output by the circuitry for display to a user of the reception apparatus.
Compatible stereoscopic video delivery
Stereoscopic images are subsampled and placed in a “checkerboard” pattern in an image. The image is encoded in a monoscopic video format. The monoscopic video is transmitted to a device where the “checkerboard” is decoded. Portions of the checkerboard (e.g., “black” portions) are used to reconstruct one of the stereoscopic images and the other portion of the checkerboard (e.g., “white” portions) are used to reconstruct the other image. The subsamples are, for example, taken from the image in a location coincident to the checkerboard position in which the subsamples are encoded.
Processing video signals based on user focus on a particular portion of a video display
Devices and methods are disclosed for detecting a focus of at least one viewer as being directed to a particular region of a video display. A first portion of a frame of video for presentation in the region of the viewer's focus is processed differently than another portion of the frame of video related to a region that is not part of the viewer's focus.
Video frame processing method
A video frame processing method, which comprises: (a) capturing at least one first video frame via a first camera; (b) capturing at least one second video frame via a second camera; and (c) adjusting one candidate second video frame of the second video frames based on one of the first video frame to generate a target single view video frame.
Providing 3D look-up table (LUT) estimation for color gamut scalability
Systems and/or methods for estimating color conversion components. A video coding device may receive a picture associated with a first color space. The picture may comprise a first component at a first sampling location, a second component at a second sampling location and the second component at a third sampling location. The video coding device may apply a first interpolation filter to the second component at the second sampling location and the second component at the third sampling location to determine the second component at the first sampling location. The second component at the first sampling location may be associated with the first color space. The video coding device may apply a color conversion model to the first component at the first sampling location and to the second component at the first sampling location to translate the first component at the first sampling location to a second color space.
Image forming apparatus, image forming method, image processing apparatus and image processing method thereof
An image processing method, including: receiving image content and metadata of the image content, the metadata content comprising flag information indicating whether to perform image processing on the image content and image processing information; determining whether to perform the image processing for each frame based on the flag information; performing, in response to determining to perform the image processing for an image frame, the image processing based on the image processing information on the image frame; and outputting the image processed image frame on which the image processing is performed.
Wireless peephole camera and door status indicator
The present application is directed to methods and devices for detection and notification of door status events. A camera may be coupled to a peephole in a door and one or more images may be captured when a door status event occurs. The images may be uploaded to a computer network.
Estimating casing wear
Estimating casing wear. At least some of the illustrative embodiments are methods including: capturing an image comprising cuttings and casing wear particles on a shale shaker in a drilling operation, the capturing by at least one camera associated with the shale shaker; identifying casing wear particles shown in the image, the identifying by a computer system; and estimating a volume of casing wear based on the identifying.
Methods and apparatus for utilizing vehicle system integrated remote wireless image capture
A method for using an integrated wireless image capture system on a vehicle is provided. The method connects to an image capture device over a vehicle-based wireless network; configures operational parameters for the image capture device; and receives image data from the image capture device, wherein the image data is captured by the image capture device in accordance with the configured operational parameters.
Verification and adjustment systems and methods for additive manufacturing
Verification and adjustment systems and methods correct at least one build error that is detected in a component built by additive manufacturing (hereinafter “AM”). The systems and methods comprise an AM device, a first imaging device, a second imaging device and computer-implement steps for correcting the build error present in the component. The first imaging device collects first digital images or data of the component and is positioned at a first orientation with respect to a build platform of the AM device. The second imaging device collects second digital images or data of the component and is positioned at a second orientation with respect to the build platform.
Media content updating method, apparatus, and system
A media content updating method is presented, wherein the method is performed by a media transmit end, including obtaining a changed media object attribute on a side of the media transmit end; determining an updating operation instruction for the changed media object attribute according to a change type of the changed media object attribute; and sending a first announcement message to a media receive end, where the first announcement message includes the updating operation instruction and the changed media object attribute, so that the media receive end updates, according to the updating operation instruction and the changed media object attribute, media content that is on the side of the media transmit end and that is stored on a side of the media receive end. In embodiments of the present disclosure, an announcement message carries a changed media object attribute, so that a bandwidth occupancy rate can be reduced.
System and method for localizing a talker using audio and video information
A videoconferencing endpoint includes at least one processor a number of microphones and at least one camera. The endpoint can receive audio information and visual motion information during a teleconferencing session. The audio information includes one or more angles with respect to the microphone from a location of a teleconferencing session. The audio information is evaluated automatically to determine at least one candidate angle corresponding to a possible location of an active talker. The candidate angle can be analyzed further with respect to the motion information to determine whether the candidate angle correctly corresponds to person who is speaking during the teleconferencing session.
Dynamic video and sound adjustment in a video conference
Dynamic focus and adjustment on one or more participants of a video conference. One or more key participants of the video conference are designated. The key participant or participants are then identified at their corresponding site from video images obtained from their site. A determination is made that another participant at the site is a focus target of the video conference. The video images obtained from the site are modified to include both the other participant and the key participant while the other participant is the focus target. Thus, focus is maintained at least on the key participant at the site, even when the focus target is a participant other than the key participant.
Playback method and playback device
A playback method according to one aspect of the present disclosure is performed by a Blu-ray device connected to a display device. The playback method includes obtaining, from a recording medium, output control information of content recorded on the recording medium; obtaining, from the recording medium, a video signal of the content recorded on the recording medium; and (a) outputting the obtained video signal to the display device without converting image quality of the video signal, when the obtained output control information does not restrict output of content using a first copyright protection technology, and (b) converting the image quality of the obtained video signal and outputting the video signal to the display device, when the obtained output control information restricts output of content using the first copyright protection technology and output using the first copyright protection technology is performed according to a type of the display device.
Imaging device and electronic device
An imaging device in which signals can be read out accurately at high speed is provided. The imaging device includes a plurality of pixels arranged in a matrix, an A/D converter circuit, and a selector circuit. The pixels are electrically connected to an input terminal of the A/D converter circuit. An output terminal of the A/D converter circuit is electrically connected to one of a source and a drain of a transistor. The other of the source and the drain of the transistor is electrically connected to an input terminal of the selector circuit. The transistor includes an oxide semiconductor in an active layer. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Solid-state image pickup device, signal processing method for the same, and image pickup apparatus using the same
A solid-state image pickup device includes: comparators; counters; and a control portion for carrying out control in such a way that in a phase of an addition mode, the two comparators and the two counters corresponding to the two pixel columns, respectively, are set as a unit, 1 is added to a second digit of one counter of the two counters when both the comparison results from the two comparators has a first logic, 1 is added to a first digit of the one counter when one of the comparison results from the two comparators has the first logic, and 1 is added to none of the first digit and the second digit of the one counter when both the comparison results from the two comparators has a second logic.
Imaging apparatus and method of driving the same
An imaging apparatus and a method of driving the same that can generate a digital data of a high resolution pixel signal are provided. The imaging apparatus includes: a pixel (10-1) for generating a signal by photoelectric conversion; a comparing circuit (30-1) for comparing a signal based on the pixel with a time-dependent reference signal; a counter circuit (40-1) performing a counting operating until an inversion of a magnitude relation between the signal based on the pixel and the time-dependent reference signal; and a selecting circuit (30-2) for setting a time-dependent change rate of the reference signal, according to a signal level of the signal based on the pixel.
Image pickup apparatus and its control method
There is provided an image pickup apparatus that has a mixture readout mode configured to mix and read outputs of a plurality of pixels in an image sensor (107), when pixels to be mixed are image pickup pixels, they are mixed. When the pixels to be mixed contain a focus detection pixel, a signal of the image pickup pixel is not mixed with a signal of the focus detection pixel.
Image capturing apparatus and driving method of image sensor
An image capturing apparatus is provided. The apparatus comprises an image sensor comprising pixels and a controller. The pixels include a photoelectric converter, a holding unit, an output unit and a first and second transfer unit. The controller causes the sensor to repeatedly perform a holding operation that the first transfer unit transfer charge from the photoelectric conversion unit to the holding unit, and a transfer operation that the second transfer unit transfer the charge from the holding unit to the output unit. The controller causes the sensor to perform, as the holding operation, holding operations including a first holding operation for performing the first transfer unit transfer charge generated in a first exposure time and a second holding operation for performing the first transfer unit transfer charge generated in a second exposure time longer than the first exposure time.
Method and apparatus for adjusting color
Methods and apparatuses of operating an electronic device are provided. A display unit of the electronic device displays an image as a preview. A control unit of the electronic device differentiates a reference object and a target object in the image. The control unit determines a reference color of the reference object and a background color of the target object. The control unit adjusts the background color of the target object so as to correspond to the reference color of the reference object. The control unit sets the background color of the target object.
Embedding tag information to image data of a moving image
The present disclosure relates to an image sensor and an electronic device capable of outputting image data corresponding to frames of a moving image in such a manner that the image data can be reconstructed in temporal order. An image sensor according to a first aspect of the present disclosure includes: a pixel unit configured to generate a pixel signal in response to incident light; an image generating unit configured to generate image data corresponding to frames of a moving image on the basis of the generated pixel signal; a tag information generating unit configured to generate tag information to be embedded into the generated image data; an output unit configured to output the image data having the tag information embedded therein through at least one of first and second logical channels; and a control unit configured to control the pixel unit, the image generating unit, the tag information generating unit, and the output unit to operate in a Slow Movie mode or in a Super Slow Movie mode. The present disclosure is applicable to an electronic device having an imaging function.
Flicker detection apparatus and method and non-transitory computer readable storage storing the flicker detection method
A flicker detection apparatus and method where flickers in the video images are detected based on the mean detection values obtained from pairs of neighboring frames in the current frame and the former n frames, which is able to perform flicker detection efficiently, and the detection results are accurate.
Real-time visual effects for a live camera view
Visual effects for element of interest can be displayed within a live camera view in real time or substantially using a processing pipeline that does not immediately display an acquired image until it has been updated with the effects. In various embodiments, software-based approaches, such as fast convolution algorithms, and/or hardware-based approaches, such as using a graphics processing unit (GPU), can be used reduce the time between acquiring an image and displaying the image with various visual effects. These visual effects can include automatically highlighting elements, augmenting the color, style, and/or size of elements, casting a shadow on elements, erasing elements, substituting elements, or shaking and jumbling elements, among other effects.
Image pickup apparatus equipped with display section and method of controlling the same
An image pickup apparatus that is capable of reducing degradation of image quality of the whole display screen of a display section while improving display delay with respect to an observed area. In an image pickup apparatus, an image pickup section picks up an image of an object, and a development processor generates image data by developing input data acquired by the image pickup section. A first image generation unit generates a first image by performing image processing on part of the image data. A second image generation unit performs predetermined image processing on the image data to thereby generate a second image which is different in the number of steps of image processing from the above image processing. An image synthesis section generates a third image by synthesizing the first image with the second image, and a display device displays the third image.
Method for controlling a graphical interface for displaying images of a three-dimensional object
A method for controlling a graphical interface includes: calculating coordinates of a permanent magnet and direction of magnetic moment of the permanent magnet from magnetometer measurements; matching dimensions of a three-dimensional object with the calculated coordinates by multiplying each dimension of the three-dimensional object by a coefficient to obtain a three-dimensional object brought to scale and by multiplying the calculated coordinates by inverse of a coefficient to obtain scaled coordinates; constructing a two-dimensional image corresponding to the image of the object brought to scale observed from a viewpoint and along an optical axis deduced from the scaled coordinates and from the direction of the magnetic moment of the permanent magnet; and controlling the graphical interface to display the constructed image on this graphical interface.
Image stabilization apparatus and image stabilization method
An image stabilization apparatus comprising: a conversion unit that corrects an angular velocity signal detected by a camera shake detection unit based on an output variation of the camera shake detection unit and converts it into a camera shake amount; a separation unit that divides each frame of image into a plurality of regions and separates motion vectors each calculated from a difference in each region between frames of images into subject vectors and background vectors using the camera shake amount; an identification unit that identifies the output variation based on the angular velocity signal before the correction, the background vector, and a position signal of a correction unit; and a changing unit that changes the subject vector into a drive amount of the correction unit. The conversion unit corrects the angular velocity signal based on the identified output variation.
Solid-state image pickup apparatus and method of driving solid-state image pickup apparatus
An image pickup apparatus includes a pixel array including a plurality of pixels arranged in a plurality of rows and a plurality of columns, and a plurality of column signal processing circuits provided respectively for the columns of the pixel array, each being configured to receive output signals from the pixels and an analog signal varying with time. The plurality of column signal processing circuits include a first column signal processing circuit and a second column signal processing circuit configured such that each of the first column signal processing circuit and the second column signal processing circuit is configured to be independently switched between a driving state and a power saving state. A signal line for supplying the analog signal to the first column signal processing circuit and a signal line for supplying the analog signal to the second column signal processing circuit are electrically isolated from each other.
System and method for assisted 3D scanning
A three-dimensional scanning system includes: a camera configured to capture images; a processor; and memory coupled to the camera and the processor, the memory being configured to store: the images captured by the camera; and instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to: control the camera to capture one or more initial images of a subject from a first pose of the camera; compute a guidance map in accordance with the one or more initial images to identify one or more next poses; control the camera to capture one or more additional images from at least one of the one or more next poses; update the guidance map in accordance with the one or more additional images; and output the images captured by the camera to generate a three-dimensional model.
Systems and methods for determining a depth or reflectance of objects
Systems, methods, and computer-readable media are disclosed for determining a depth or reflectance of objects. Example methods may include illuminating a scene within a field of view of a device at a first illuminance value, detecting a reflected illuminance value, and determining a first reflectance value for a first object in the scene. Example methods may include identifying the first object, determining an orientation of the first object, and determining an estimated distance between the device and the first object based at least in part on the first illuminance value, the reflected illuminance value, and the first reflectance value.
Focusing control device, imaging device, focusing control method, and focusing control program
Disclosed are a focusing control device, an imaging device, a focusing control method, and a focusing control program capable of enabling focusing on an eye region and obtaining an intended focusing result. The focusing control device includes a focusing position determination unit 34 which determines a focusing position based on a captured image signal obtained by imaging a subject with an imaging element 5 while moving a focus lens, and an AF region determination unit 33 which determines an AF region based on a face region detected from a captured image signal obtained through imaging with the imaging element 5 at an arbitrary time and an eye region detected from a captured image signal obtained through imaging at a time before the arbitrary time. The focus lens is driven to the focusing position determined by the focusing position determination unit 34 based on a signal of the AF region.
Image capturing apparatus, image capturing system, control method of image capturing apparatus, and computer readable storage medium
An image capturing apparatus includes: an encoding unit configured to perform encoding processing on an image output from an image capturing unit for obtaining an image; a communication unit configured to receive designation of a resolution of the encoding unit from an information processing apparatus; an obtaining unit configured to obtain a resolution which is associated with the resolution set for the image capturing unit, and is settable for the encoding unit; a determination unit configured to determine whether the designated resolution is the resolution obtained by the obtaining unit and settable for the encoding unit; and a transmission unit configured to transmit an error response to the information processing apparatus, if the determination unit determines that the designated resolution is not the resolution obtained by the obtaining unit and settable for the encoding unit.
Imaging module and imaging apparatus
An imaging module includes a spatial light modulator that spatially modulates an incident light flux to emit a modulated light flux, an imaging element that obtains the modulated light flux by the spatial light modulator as image information, and an adjuster that adjusts a space between an imaging surface of the imaging element and the spatial light modulator, wherein the adjuster operates to reduce the space between the imaging surface and the spatial light modulator in response to a temperature rise.
Mobile device and optical imaging lens thereof
Present embodiments provide for a mobile device and an optical imaging lens thereof. The optical imaging lens may comprise an aperture stop and five lens elements positioned sequentially from an object side to an image side. By controlling the convex or concave shape of the surfaces of the lens elements and designing parameters satisfying at least one inequality, the optical imaging lens may exhibit better optical characteristics and the total length of the optical imaging lens may be shortened.
Method and apparatus for turbine internal visual inspection with foveated optical head and dual image display
Turbine engines are inspected by insertion of a zoom image or foveated image optical head through internal passages within the engine. The zoom image optical generates a first magnified image portion or a second image portion having a wider field of view and lower magnification. The foveated image optical head has a central first image portion having higher magnification that is included within and subtended by a second image portion having a wider field of view. The foveated or zoom image first and second image portions are separately simultaneously displayed on a common display, so that navigation position of the optical head and the magnified inspection image are correlated. In this way an inspector can confirm what area of interest within the turbine has been inspected while evaluating the adjacent magnified inspection image. The dual images correlation can be documented, such as by storing the simultaneously displayed images.
HDMI receiving circuit and method for determining transmission mode
A High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) receiving circuit receives an image signal and an input clock transmitted via HDMI and generates output data. The HDMI receiving circuit includes: a sampling circuit, sampling the image signal according to a transmission mode and the input clock to generate the output data; a data comparison circuit, coupled to the sampling circuit, determining whether the output data includes predetermined data to generate a determination result; and a control circuit, coupled to the sampling circuit and the data comparison circuit, determining the transmission mode according to the determination result.
Synchronization of haptic effect data in a media transport stream
A method for synchronizing haptic effects with at least one media component in a media transport stream includes identifying a series of video frames containing imaging information and/or a series of audio frames containing sound information in the media transport stream; identifying a series of haptic frames containing force feedback information in the media transport stream; and synchronizing the force feedback information in response to the imaging information and/or sound information.
Video surveillance system for preventing exposure of uninteresting object
The present invention discloses a video surveillance system for preventing exposure of uninteresting objects, which is achieved by making the uninteresting objects, excluding an object of interest, in a video captured by an IP camera indistinguishable, so that their personal information may be protected.
Image output system, information processing device, and authentication device
An information processing terminal transmits, to an authentication server, information obtained by imaging a code pattern of multifunction device information, and authentication information inputted by a user. The authentication server performs user authentication based on the received authentication information and specifies a multifunction device based on the received information of the code pattern. If the user has been authenticated, the authentication server transmits print data corresponding to the user to the multifunction device and prescribes the execution of print processing to the multifunction device. The multifunction device executes print process based on the obtained print data.
Document camera device and cutout assistance method
A document camera device includes a processor that executes a procedure. The procedure includes: performing control so as to display, in cutout processing that cuts out and saves, from an image imaging a subject, an image corresponding to an inside of a region designated for the subject, an image specifying a region associated with identification information of a subject targeted by the current cutout processing on the subject targeted by the current cutout processing, based on history information associated with identification information of the subject and with the region in cutout processing that was executed in the past; and performing processing that, when a region specified by an image specifying the region has been selected, sets an image cut out and saved from inside the selected region as an image that has been cut out by the current cutout processing.
Operating a power supply circuit of a communications device
A method for operating a power supply circuit of a communications device involves operating the power supply circuit in a first operating mode in which a switching frequency of the power supply circuit is higher than an operating frequency band of the communications device and switching the power supply circuit to operate in a second operating mode in response to connecting the power supply circuit to a battery by decreasing the switching frequency of the power supply circuit.
Call processing system for modifying inmate communication limits
A system for customizing time limits for inmate communications in a correctional facility is disclosed. The system includes a profile subsystem that stores an inmate profile of the inmate and a communication processing subsystem comprising one or more processors configured to receive data of an inmate communication of an inmate, identify a type of communication device of the inmate and a call recipient of the inmate communication based on the data of the inmate communication, retrieve the inmate profile of the inmate form the profile subsystem, identify a plurality of behaviors of the inmate based on the inmate profile, determine a time limit based on at least one of the type of communication device, the call recipient of the inmate communication, and the plurality of behaviors of the inmate, and assign the time limit to the inmate communication of the inmate.
Methods and apparatuses for connecting consumers to local service providers
A customer may be allowed to request a service and to very quickly be put in touch with a local service provider who can perform the requested service. The customer need not know the identity of the vendor beforehand, and the vendor may not know the identity of the customer before agreeing to discuss the service. Multiple local service providers may be contacted in parallel by a centralized server configured to connect the customer with the local service providers. The most qualified or most highly rated local service providers for the particular service may be identified and then contacted first. The customer may be put in touch with one or more vendors in a very short amount of time after submitting the request, e.g., within 90 seconds.
Workload distribution with resource awareness
A method for workload distribution for a contact center includes identifying a work item for distribution based on an assigned distribution criteria; identifying a target for routing the work item; determining availability of the target; in response to determining that the target is available, transmitting a routing request for the work item to a routing server, and in response to the request, the routing server is configured to independently determine availability of the work item for routing the work item to the target; and in response to determining that the target is not available, refraining from transmitting the routing request for the work item to the routing server.
Graphical user interface with contact center performance visualizer
A system and method for monitoring and visualizing contact center performance via a graphical user interface. A processor identifies a plurality of contact center metrics, identifies predicted values for the plurality of contact center metrics, and displays a reference geometric object having a plurality of vertices representing the predicted values for the plurality of contact center metrics. The processor also determines actual values for the plurality of contact center metrics and overlays over the display of the reference geometric object, a display of a current geometric object. The current geometric object has a plurality of vertices representing the actual values for the plurality of contact center metrics. Deviation of the current geometric object from the reference geometric object is an indication of deviation of one or more actual values from the predicted values.
Edge injected speech in electronic communications
Methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on a computer storage medium, for receiving an input from an agent during a call with a caller where the input directs one or more processors to inject a recorded statement in the agent's voice into the call, and where the recorded statement in the agent's voice is stored in a computer-readable file. Obtaining the recorded statement in the agent's voice based on data associated with the input and in response to receiving the input. And causing the recorded statement in the agent's voice to be inserted into a media stream of the call.
System and method for enhancing user experience during interactive audio visual communication
The embodiments of the present invention disclose a system and method for enabling Enhanced Visual Calls (EVC). The system includes an EVC client provided in a User Device to access network-based EVC functional components and device-based functional components to enable a user to request for EVC services, and an EVC server configured for authentication and processing of one or more EVC service requests received from the EVC client, accessing an EVC XML Document Management Server (XDMS) for retrieving a visual web content and an audio content related to the received one or more EVC service requests, synchronizing the visual web content with the audio content to provide the EVC client with a visual Interactive Voice Response (IVR) menu related to the audio content, and transmitting, to the EVC client, the visual IVR menu related to the one or more EVC service requests for displaying at the user device.
Communication device prompt selection
A method includes determining, at a communication device, a designation of a source communication device based on information related to a communication from the source communication device. The method further includes selecting, at the communication device and based on the designation, a prompt from multiple prompts. The prompt includes a first prompt in response to the designation being a first designation of multiple designations. The prompt includes a second prompt in response to the designation being a second designation of the multiple designations. The method includes sending the prompt from the communication device to the source communication device.
Computer-implemented system and method for determining call status
A computer-implemented system and method for determining call status is provided. A call from a caller to a recipient is identified and an identity of the caller is determined. A determination is made as to whether a security certificate of the caller is available. A status of the call is determined based on one of a presence and an absence of the security certificate. The identity of the caller is provided to the recipient. A type of notification for the call status is determined based on a type of the call status and the notification is delivered with the caller identity.
Potential call drop indicator
Mobile device user notifications of highly likely call drops or service losses are provided. A wireless network can determine from the location history of a mobile device if that mobile device is likely to lose connectivity to the wireless network or to a particular wireless service and issue an alert to the user. The form of the alert can be through one of various types of mobile device messages, or through an application on the mobile device. The mobile device's location can be determined using the global positioning system. Alternative directions can be provided to the user so that the user can travel without losing connectivity. The user may provide a destination before beginning travel, and receive a suggested course of travel that keeps the user within a higher quality coverage area.
Methods, systems, and vehicles for disabling a function of one or more mobile devices within a passenger cabin of a vehicle
Embodiments of the present disclosure include methods, systems, and vehicles for disabling a function of one or more mobile devices within a passenger cabin of a vehicle. A method of disabling a function of one or more mobile devices within a passenger cabin of a vehicle according to the present disclosure includes determining a number of occupants within the passenger cabin based on one or more occupant sensor output signals output by one or more occupant sensors. A disable message is sent to disable a function of the one or more mobile devices in the passenger cabin when the number of occupants present in the passenger cabin is determined to be one. A disable message is sent to disable a function of only the one or more mobile devices associated with a driver of the vehicle when the number of occupants present in the passenger cabin is determined to be greater than one.
Audience response system and method of use
An interface for an audience response system and method of operation is disclosed, The interface includes a receiving mechanism to receive transmissions from a plurality of hand-held audience response units programmed to transmit data according to a first transmission protocol in response to a user input, where the data comprises response data corresponding to the user input and unit data suitable to identify a particular user. The interface further includes logic to convert the data in the received transmissions into a data package for transmission according to a second transmission protocol, and to selectively control a transmitting mechanism to wirelessly transmit the data package, for example, over a wireless RF network, for example, Wi-Fi, Wi-Max and the like according to the second transmission protocol.
Confidentiality-smart voice delivery of text-based incoming messages
Methods, computer program products, and systems are presented. The methods include, for instance: a voice delivery application, running on a mobile device of a user, receives a text message from a user; by use of sensor inputs of the mobile device, the mobile device stores data regarding environment of the mobile device including external audio equipment, speed of the user, and bystanders within a hearing range of the environment; various data describing a sender of the text message and the bystanders are analyzed for respective relationships with the user and with each other to determine a confidentiality group dictating whether or not the text message may be heard by the bystander; the text message may be scanned for content screening, then according to configuration of the voice delivery application, the text message is securely delivered to the user by voice.
Dynamically replaceable lock screen wallpaper
The lock screen wallpaper of a mobile device is temporarily changed so that when a user activates the display without unlocking the phone, he/she can review information that is rendered as the lock screen wallpaper.
Sterilizing apparatus for portable terminal
Disclosed herein is a sterilization apparatus for a portable terminal, including a casing configured to receive the portable terminal and a UV LED provided in the casing. The sterilization apparatus can be always carried along with a portable terminal because the sterilization apparatus is constructed using a casing or a cover attached to the portable terminal. Accordingly, the portable terminal can be easily sterilized while in motion without being limited to the place.
Systems and methods of an enhanced state-aware proxy device
A method and apparatus for an enhanced proxy device are described. Upon receipt of a first packet with a header including a set of header fields, a proxy device stores a subset from the set of header fields with an identification of the first packet, wherein the identification of the first packet is based on a portion of the packet; and transmits the packet without the subset of the header fields to be processed at the processing device.
Multiple network access load control devices
An apparatus for controlling the power delivered from an AC power source to an electrical load may include a controllably conductive device. The apparatus may also include a first wireless communication circuit that may be operable to communicate on a first wireless communication network via a first protocol and the first communication circuit may be in communication with the controller. The apparatus may also include a second communication circuit that may be operable to communicate on a second communication network via a second protocol. The controller may be further operable to control the first wireless communication circuit to communicate configuration data with the first wireless communication network via the first protocol. The controller may also be operable to control the second wireless communication circuit to communicate operational data with the second communication network via the second protocol.
Data differencing across peers in an overlay network
A data differencing technique enables a response from a server to the request of a client to be composed of data differences from previous versions of the requested resource. To this end, data differencing-aware processes are positioned, one at or near the origin server (on the sending side) and the other at the edge closest to the end user (on the receiving side), and these processes maintain object dictionaries. The data differencing-aware processes each execute a compression and differencing engine. Whenever requested objects flow through the sending end, the engine replaces the object data with pointers into the object dictionary. On the receiving end of the connection, when the data arrives, the engine reassembles the data using the same object dictionary. The approach is used for version changes within a same host/path, using the data differencing-aware processes to compress data being sent from the sending peer to the receiving peer.
System, method, and logic for generating graphical identifiers
An example method is provided and includes establishing, by one or more servers, a communication session that provides an endpoint with access to at least one communication data stream, wherein the at least one communication data stream involves a plurality of profiles; generating a plurality of graphical identifiers corresponding to the plurality of profiles, wherein each of the plurality of graphical identifiers has at least one visual effect that is based on a determination of whether the corresponding endpoint is presently connected to the another communication session with the one or more servers, and wherein each of the plurality of graphical identifiers has at least one additional visual effect that is based on an elapsed time since the corresponding endpoint performed the action related to the another communication session; and transmitting the plurality of graphical identifiers to the corresponding endpoint of at least one of the plurality of profiles.
Accelerated network packet processing
Devices and techniques for accelerated packet processing are described herein. The device can match an action to a portion of a network data packet and accelerate the packet-processing pipeline for the network data packet through the machine by processing the action.
System and method for identifying a link and generating a link identifier for the link on a webpage
Described herein are systems and methods for matching clicks of links on a webpage with page views by a user. The method may comprise identifying a link on a webpage requested by a client device, generating a link identifier for the link and attaching the link identifier to the link. Upon receiving a request for data associated with the link, the link identifier is stored in a log file.
System and method for using presence information
An improved system and method for communicating Presence Information. According to various embodiments, the sequence of actions undertaken in established Presence procedures are changed, and enhancements are also provided for Watcher 5 information notifications. Upon the initiation of a Presence Service, the Presence Source starts publishing Presence Information about a Presentity using a soft-state approach. Instead of having publication occur first, the Presence Source makes a subscription for the Watcher information first or simply waits until the Presence Server contacts the Presence Source. As a result, publication occurs only when there is a demand therefor.
Vehicular data isolation device
A system and method of regulating data communications between a vehicle electronics system and a computing device includes: communicatively linking a first data port of an isolation device with the vehicle electronics system; communicatively linking a second data port of the isolation device with the computing device; receiving data at the isolation device sent between the computing device and the vehicle electronics system; and permitting the data to pass through the isolation device based on the identity of the computing device, the rate at which the data passes through the isolation device, or the content of the data.
Data path selection for network transfer using high speed RDMA or non-RDMA data paths
A method and apparatus for high-speed data path selection for network transfer using IP addresses is disclosed. The method may include configuring an IP address for a non-RDMA data transfer or an RDMA high speed data transfer. An application executing in an emulated environment may transfer data using the same function calls for both non-RDMA data transfer or an RDMA high speed data transfer. This reduces changes to the application to allow RDMA transfers. A non-emulated interface determines whether the IP address is flagged as an RDMA address. If so, the data is transferred via an RDMA data path. If the IP address is not flagged as an RDMA address, the data is transferred via a non-RDMA data path through a traditional network stack.
Browser and system for download and download method
The invention discloses a browser and system for download and a download method, and relates to the field of internet technologies. The browser for download comprises: a download starting unit configured to start data download of a browser login user at the browser side; a prompt unit configured to prompt to save downloaded data into a network storage server bound to the browser login user at the browser side; a transmission unit configured to receive a download instruction from the user, and upload the data downloaded at the browser side to the network storage server bound to the browser login user; and a reception unit configured to receive address information of the uploaded downloaded data at the network side fed back by the network storage server. The browser, system and method may effectively avoid the occurrence of a situation of repeated download, and improve the efficiency of a user obtaining and using network data.
Real-time collection and distribution of information for an event organized according to sub-events
The invention is directed to a system and method of asynchronously collecting different types of information for an event (e.g., football game) and aggregating the information in real-time according to sub-events (e.g., plays from scrimmage). One or more terminals (e.g., smartphones, tablet or laptop computers) are configured to capture information (video, still images, metadata) of each sub-event and distribute the captured information to the other terminals in real-time. Such distribution may be facilitated using a cloud network and server, or else a peer-to-peer (P2P) network. Further, one of the terminals is configured to notify the other terminals when a particular sub-event has commenced, thus allowing the captured information of the particular sub-event to be associated with a corresponding sub-event identifier. The captured information may be aggregated according to the sub-events by use of sub-event identifiers for presentation to users, e.g., in a playlist.
Optimization of computer system logical partition migrations in a multiple computer system environment
Workload, preferably as one or more partitions, is migrated from a source server to one or more target servers by computing a respective projected performance optimization for each candidate partition and target, the optimization being dependent on a projected processor-memory affinity resulting from migrating candidate workload to the candidate target, and selecting a target to receive a workload accordingly. A target may be pre-configured to receive a workload being migrated to it by altering the configuration parameters of at least one workload currently executing on the target according to the projected performance optimization.
Multiple concurrent in-flight replies in a distributed state system
In distributed state systems, server nodes can receive operation requests from multiple clients. When a server node executes an operation request, the server node can store an indicator of the operation request to a log of operations and send a reply message to the requesting client. The reply message can include a reply log having a list of N executed operation requests. If the server needs rebuilding, any operations not already stored to the server node log may be lost. The server can rebuild lost operations of a file system by receiving the reply logs or indicators of the operations therein from one or more clients.
Control method for information apparatus and computer readable recording medium that control dehumidifiers connected to a network
A control method causes a computer of an information apparatus to: display a display screen representing a floor plan on a display; display on the display screen device icons, the device icons including a dehumidifier icon; when selection of the dehumidifier icon is sensed, display on the display an operation screen for operating a dehumidifier corresponding to the dehumidifier icon, the operation screen being displayed on the display screen and outside of a region corresponding to a room where the selection of the dehumidifier icon is sensed; output a control command for operating the dehumidifier to a network based on an operation on the operation screen; and display an operation state of the dehumidifier in the region corresponding to the room where the selection of the dehumidifier icon is sensed based on the operation on the operation screen.
Moving objects of a remote desktop in unstable network environments
A computer implemented method is configured to remotely access a desktop hosted by a server system. The method displays a local view of a remote desktop hosted by a server system based on information received from the server system where the remote desktop includes a first object. The method then detects user input indicating a request to move the first object. In response to the request, the method generates a second object to represent the first object. The second object is generated to correspond to the visual appearance of the object. The method then presents the second object on the local view of the remote desktop. The second object may overlay the first object. The second object is then moved to a destination on the local view of the desktop according to the request. Once the move has concluded, the method transmits the destination to the server system.
Chained security credential distribution for sponsored data services
A method to facilitate secure access to sponsored content may include accessing a portal device to generate a campaign for a sponsored data service (SDS), and providing campaign network addresses and customer identifiers associated with the content aggregator device and at least one content partner device. The method includes generating a unique first security credential associated with each of the content partner device(s), and providing information for a notification of the campaign to the portal device, where the information includes the unique first security credential associated with each of the content partner device(s), and where the notification is provided to each of the at least one content partner device. The method includes signing a unique first SDS network address associated with sponsored content provided by each of the content partner device(s), where the signing is performed using the unique first security credential associated with each of the content partner device(s).
Method and multi-media device for video communication
A method for two-way video communication between devices is executable by a multi-media device. The multi-media device obtains configuration information of hardware of all devices. The multi-media device obtains first voice data and first image data from a first device, transforms the first voice data and the first image data into second voice data and second image data recognizable by other remote communication devices. A multi-media device without microphone and camera can achieve video communications between local and remote communication devices.
Allocating capacity of a network connection to data streams based on type
A user of a communication network may have specific requirements for its critical data streams. The user may require dedicated channel capacity for its critical application. A dedicated channel may be separate from a common channel carrying non-critical data of the user. The user may create policies for assigning channel capacities to its critical data streams based on various criteria. The user may also create policies on sharing the dedicated channel capacity among its different critical data streams.
Systems and methods for duplex communication
A closed circuit video communication device includes an input/output configured to receive a streaming video signal on a first dedicated physical communication channel and to send upstream communication on the first dedicated physical communication channel; a video output configured to send the streaming video signal on a second dedicated physical communication channel; and a command input configured to receive commands on a third dedicated physical communication channel and to provide the commands to the input/output for sending as upstream communication on the first dedicated physical communication channel.
Systems and methods for group communication using a mobile device using motion and voice activate controls
Methods and systems of communication using a mobile device include detecting a motion of a mobile device corresponding to a user action, in response to the detected motion, initiating a half-duplex group communication application, and displaying visual feedback associated with the half-duplex group communication application on a display screen of the mobile device.
Data loss prevention techniques
Data received through a proxy for a service is analyzed for compliance with one or more data policies, such as one or more data loss prevention policies. When data satisfies the criteria of one or more data policies, the data is manipulated at the proxy prior to transmission of the data to the service. In some examples, the manipulation of the data includes encryption.
Techniques for using a honeypot to protect a server
Techniques for operating a security system are provided. An example method for operating a security system according to the disclosure includes monitoring interactions of an unauthorized party with a computing environment configured to simulate the server, generating synthetic content based on the unauthorized party's interactions with the computing environment, and configuring the security system to permit the unauthorized party to access the synthetic content responsive to the unauthorized party's interactions with the security system.
Identification of malicious precise time protocol (PTP) nodes
A server system generates and transfers Precision Time Protocol (PTP) synch requests for delivery to a PTP clock server and responsively receives PTP synch responses transferred by the PTP clock server. The server system processes the PTP synch responses to determine PTP clock phase error data for the PTP clock server. The server system compares the PTP clock phase error data to a historical phase error threshold for the PTP clock server. If the PTP clock phase error data does not exceed the historical phase error threshold, then the server system updates the historical phase error threshold for the PTP clock server based on the PTP clock phase error data. If the PTP clock phase error data exceeds the historical phase error threshold, then the server system generates an indication that the PTP clock server comprises a malicious PTP node.
Point of sale system protection against information theft attacks
A method includes selectively implementing, via a component resident and executing on a point of sale system, one or more of a set of proactive operations to counter an information theft attack against the point of sale system. The set of proactive operations comprises: generating false information that appears to be actual information and creating at least one process executable in the point of sale system that comprises the false information; injecting false information that appears to be actual information into at least one process executing in the point of sale system; replacing actual information with false information that appears to be actual information; and blocking at least one process in the point of sale system to prevent actual information from being taken from the point of sale system.
System and method for malware detection using hashing techniques
A system and method in accordance with example embodiments may include systems and methods for generating and transforming data presentation. The method may include receiving, using a processor, a request for a web page, and submitting, by the processor, the request to a computer server system. The request can include a user identification and a user password. The method may further include receiving, from the computer server system, data corresponding to the requested web page. Further, the method includes storing, in a memory, the received data, and causing the received data to be shown on a display associated with the user device.
Method and apparatus for protecting consumers and resources in a communication network
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a method including comparing call volume of call sessions associated with a wireless network node of a communication network to a threshold volume to identify a suspicious communication event, identifying robotic calls in the call sessions associated with the suspicious communication event, identifying a mobile communication device associated with the robotic calls, providing, by the processing system, identification information associated with the mobile communication device to a core network function of the communication network and a second wireless network node of the communication network according to a robotic call policy. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Methods and systems for enhancing data security in a computer network
Network security risk assessment systems and methods are provided. The system has a remote subscriber computer, a risk assessment viewer application, and a risk assessment server that receives a list of software applications operating within the subscriber organization network and a plurality of properties for each of the software applications, and receives a list of organizational nodes within the subscriber organization and a plurality of properties for each of the organizational nodes, determines one or more risk assessment scores and transmits a notification to the remote subscriber computer when a predefined reporting threshold is exceeded.
Simulating a bot-net spanning a plurality of geographic regions
Computer systems and methods in various embodiments are configured to test the security of a server computer by simulating a wide range of attacks from one or more bot-nets. In an embodiment, a computer system includes a memory; a processor coupled to the memory; a plurality of network cards coupled to the processor and the memory, the computer system being located in a home geographic region; wherein each of the plurality of network cards is configured to send one or more requests to a remote server computer through one of a plurality of geographic regions, that is different than the home geographic region; wherein, for each of the plurality of network cards, the processor is configured to store in the memory one of a plurality of geo-mappings, wherein the geo-mapping indicates the certain geographic region the network card is configured to send the one or more requests to the remote server computer through.
Techniques for automatically mitigating denial of service attacks via attack pattern matching
A method for mitigating a denial of service attack includes determining, for a client, a number of requests being transmitted to a server and determining, for the client, that the number of requests for a time period is greater than a top talker threshold. The method includes classifying the client as a top talker based on the number of requests being greater than the top talker threshold and identifying, for the client, additional requests being transmitted to the server. The method also includes determining whether a number of the additional requests matches one or more attack patterns and preventing one or more of the additional requests from being transmitted to the server if the number of additional requests that matches one or more attack patterns is greater than a first threshold.
Account sharing prevention and detection in online education
An application delivers educational, entertainment or work-related content including videos and documents to any computing device of a user via an account, each account being uniquely identified. Upon each login, the application checks whether the user is already logged in on another computing device and issues a warning or logs out the new device. The application also checks all user accounts periodically to determine whether one account is logged into more than one computing device. Each video or document is associated with a course and has a corresponding course code. An institution database lists courses that a student is currently enrolled in. Another database records videos watched or documents viewed via a student account. Each student account is allowed a maximum number of courses or is limited by the courses in which they are actually enrolled. The application checks whether the videos watched correspond to more than the courses allowed and if so, then access by the student account is blocked.
Method and system for compiling map data
In compiling map data, a server communicates with a programmable device and determines an authorization level of the device or a user of the device by comparing an authorization request with maintained authorization data; the server receives from the device first geocoordinates, a first property location identifier, and a first location description, the first geocoordinates locating a geoposition on or near a property identified by the first property location identifier; and the server incorporates one or more of the first geocoordinates, the first property location identifier, and the first location description into a database including a plurality of geocoordinates, if the determined authorization level matches or exceeds a property authorization level, wherein the property authorization level is associated with the property and is indicative of whether one of the user or the device is authorized to submit for incorporation into the database geocoordinate information and/or location description information for the property.
Multiple data store authentication
Systems and methods for authenticating access to multiple data stores substantially in real-time are disclosed. The system may include a server coupled to a network, a client device in communication with the server via the network and a plurality of data stores. The server may authenticate access to the data stores and forward information from those stores to the client device. An exemplary authentication method may include receipt of a request for access to data. Information concerning access to that data is stored and associated with an identifier assigned to a client device. If the identifier is found to correspond to the stored information during a future request for access to the store, access to that store is granted.
Resource feature transfer
Resource feature transfer is described. In one or more embodiments, information is collected about interaction of an unauthenticated user of a computing device with a resource, such as content (e.g., a web page) or an application. The information may identify the user, a device or application used to interact with the resource, and so on. This information is communicated to an identity management service (IMS) to determine features to make accessible to the unauthenticated user when interacting with the resource. During the interaction, the user initiates authentication to a corresponding user profile. To achieve a consistent user experience, the features made accessible to the user when unauthenticated are transferred so they are also accessible when authenticated. To do this, authentication information is communicated to the IMS with a token indicating the features determined for the unauthenticated user. The IMS then merges these features with features indicated by the user profile.
Apparatus for authenticating pairing of electronic devices and associated methods
An apparatus comprising: a processor; and a memory including computer program code, the memory and the computer program code configured, with the processor, to cause the apparatus to perform at least the following: compare received biometric face vectors, wherein each received biometric face vector is received from a respective electronic device of a plurality of electronic devices and comprises one or more biometric face values determined from a respective image of a person captured by the corresponding electronic device; and provide for pairing authentication of the plurality of electronic devices if the comparison meets a predetermined similarity criterion.
Locking systems with multifactor authentication and changing passcodes
A computer-based locking system using changing passcodes includes an application server and an application in electronic communication with the application server. The application runs on a computing device. The application may request an input passcode from the application server based on a lock ID. The application server retrieves an algorithm from a database using the lock ID and generates the input passcode using the algorithm with a time as the input. A lock includes a passcode interface and a locking mechanism with the passcode interface being capable of capturing the input passcode. The lock executes the algorithm locally to generate a local passcode based on current time. The lock releases the locking mechanism in response to the input passcode matching the local passcode.
Adaptive multi-factor authentication system
A system and methodology for adaptive selection of multiple modalities for authentication in different operating environments, thereby making authentication strategy unpredictable so to significantly reduce the risk of exploitation by authentication-guessing attacks. The system calculates trustworthiness values of different authentication factors under various environmental settings, and combines a trust-based adaptive, robust and scalable software-hardware framework for the selection of authentication factors for continuous and triggered authentication with optimal algorithms to determine the security parameters of each of the authentication factors. A subset of authentication factors thus are determined for application at triggering events on-the-fly, thereby leaving no exploitable a priori pattern or clue for hackers to exploit.
Information processing device, information management method, and information processing system
An information processing device that is connected to another information processing device includes a memory storing a program, a first authentication information for each user to access the information processing device and a second authentication information in association with the first authentication information for the each user to access the another information processing device; and a processor that performs the program so as to execute a method including the steps of receiving an acquisition request that is sent from a client device according to the first authentication information, transmitting a list including files that are accessible according to the second authentication information in association with the first authentication information of the received acquisition request, receiving an execution request to execute at least one of the files and the folders that are included in the list, and executing a process according to the execution request by using the second authentication information.
Two-factor authentication with push notification for a security code
Disclosed is a technology for password-free account authentication. The technology includes utilizing a mobile device running an application (“App”) associated with a payment service (PS) system. Using the App, a user can enter an addressable handle, which is transmitted to the PS system. The PS system identifies an account state, based on the receipt of the addressable handle, for example, whether the addressable handle corresponds to a user's system account and device. A first authentication factor is based on the knowledge that the user is in possession of and has access to a device that corresponds to the user and the addressable handle. The PS system pushes a notification to the corresponding device, based on the account state, prompting entry of a security code. Receipt of a security code that corresponds to a payment card linked to the user's system account serves as a second authentication factor.
System and method to communicate sensitive information via one or more untrusted intermediate nodes with resilience to disconnected network topology
A system and method to communicate secure information between computing machines using an untrusted intermediate with resilience to disconnected network topology. The system and method utilize agnostic endpoints that are generalized to be interoperable among various systems, with their functionality based on their location in a network. The system and method enable horizontal scaling on the network. One or more clusters may be set up in a location within a network or series of networks in electronic communication, e.g., in a cloud or a sub-network, residing between a secure area of the network(s) and an unsecure area such as of an external network or portion of a network. The horizontal scaling allows the system to take advantage of a capacity of a local network. As long as an agent has connectivity to at least one locale of the network, the agent is advantageously operable to move data across the system.
Verifying firewall filter entries using rules associated with an access control list (ACL) template
A device may receive a firewall filter entry that includes one or more match conditions associated with filtering network traffic. The device may identify an access control list (ACL) template associated with the firewall filter entry. The ACL template may be associated with a template type. The device may identify one or more rules, for verifying the firewall filter entry, based on the template type associated with the ACL template. The device may verify the firewall filter entry using the one or more rules. The device may determine a hardware resource, for storing the firewall filter entry, based on the template type and based on verifying the firewall filter entry. The device may store the firewall filter entry using the hardware resource of the device.
Systems and methods for integrating cloud services with information management systems
Systems and methods of integrating log data from a cloud system with an internal management system are described, wherein the cloud system is located externally from a secure network which contains the internal management system. The systems and methods include receiving log data from a cloud system through a secure connection between the secure network and the cloud system; buffering the received log data; filtering the buffered, received log data; and transmitting the filtered, buffered, received log data to the internal management system in a format associated with the internal management system.
Use of packet header extension for layer-3 direct server return
A method for performing Layer 3 direct server return is disclosed. The method comprises receiving an IP packet from a client device over a communication network. Further, the method comprises extracting a virtual IP address from a destination header field of the IP packet. Subsequently, the method comprises determining a server to which to forward the IP packet and inserting an IP address of the server in the destination header field of the IP packet. Next, the method comprises inserting the virtual IP address in an extension header for the IP packet. Finally, in one embodiment, the method comprises transmitting the IP packet to the server over the communication network.
High availability internet protocol address solution for disaster recovery
A system, a method, and a computer program product for providing a high availability internet protocol address are disclosed. At a first customer routing domain, a high availability internet protocol (“HA IP”) address is generated and configured on a first computing device located within the first customer routing domain. The HA IP address is forwarded to a second computing device located within at least one of the first customer routing domain and a second customer routing domain. The forwarded HA IP address is configured on the second computing device. The second customer routing domain is connected to the first customer routing domain using a transport mechanism. The first and second computing devices can be configured as a host for providing a communication capability to the customer routing domains based on the high availability internet protocol address.
Content node selection based on classless prefix
Systems, methods, apparatuses, and software that announce prefixes associated content nodes of a content delivery network are provided herein. In one example, a method of operating a communication system comprising Internet service providers configured to exchange content requests between end user devices and content nodes is presented. The method includes assigning a content node of the content delivery network a first Internet Protocol (IP) address having an associated first short prefix and a first long prefix, and assigning the content node a second IP address having an associated second short prefix and a second long prefix. The method also includes announcing the first short prefix and the first long prefix to a first Internet service provider communicatively coupled to the content node, and announcing the second short prefix and the second long prefix to a second Internet service provider communicatively coupled to the content node.
Method for accessing local services in WLANs
A network node enables a wireless device to communicate with a local service device, such as a printer or a projector, of a Local Area Network (LAN) or Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN). The network node is connected both to a communication network and to the LAN or WLAN. The method includes identifying a multicast Domain Name System (mDNS) request, where the mDNS request is received from the wireless device, and assigning a LinkLocal (LL)-address for the wireless device. The method retrieves a local IP-address of an Authentication and Authorization Service (AA-S) having authorization information regarding a local service device, and authenticates, with the AA-S which type of services, that the wireless device is authorized to use. A local IP-address of the local service device is retrieved, and service data is conveyed between the wireless device and the local service device, by applying the LL-address of the local service device.
Storage and management of mail attachments
A system according to certain aspects improves the process of sending emails containing attachments. The system can detect a request to send an email containing attachments to one or more recipients, create a copy of the attachments on a network storage device, replace the attachments contained in the email with links to the copies of the attachments, and send the email containing the links to the one or more recipients.
Lossy text source coding by word length
According to one embodiment, a method for lossy data compression is provided. The method may include receiving a data message from a sender. The method may also include determining a length and a plurality of bounding characters associated with each data item within the received data message. The method may further include encoding each data item within the received data message by replacing each data item with the determined length and the determined plurality of bounding characters. The method may also include transmitting the received data message to a recipient.
Systems and methods for adaptive context-aware control of multimedia communication sessions
A system to adaptively control multimedia communication sessions includes a mediator unit in an intermediary communication position between two or more remote clients and a media infrastructure. The mediator unit includes a receiver, a transmitter and a control processor that controls the receiver and the transmitter. The mediator unit communicates remote clients across a communication network, where the first client initiates a communication session and the mediator unit assigns a unique session identifier to the communication message. Additional remote clients send join requests including the unique session identifier, and the mediator unit acts as a back-to-back user agent to pass messages between two remote clients of a two-client communication session. The control processor configured to execute predefined context-sensitive strategies including the number of remote clients in the communication session, bridging incompatible peer-to-peer communications, supporting multiple devices of a single remote client, and dynamic allocation of multipoint control unit resources.
Method, system and device for implementing an instant messaging application
A method for an instant messaging application is disclosed comprising receiving source data sent from a third party server, wherein a tag of the instant messaging application is embedded in the source data; and implementing a function of the instant messaging application, on a third party interface displayed based on the source data, based on a script or a Software Development Kit of the instant messaging application and the tag of the instant messaging application. Also disclosed is relevant system and devices.
Method and apparatus for voice communication based on voice activity detection
Voice communication method and apparatus and method and apparatus for operating jitter buffer are described. Audio blocks are acquired in sequence. Each of the audio blocks includes one or more audio frames. Voice activity detection is performed on the audio blocks. In response to deciding voice onset for a present one of the audio blocks, a subsequence of the sequence of the acquired audio blocks is retrieved. The subsequence precedes the present audio block immediately. The subsequence has a predetermined length and non-voice is decided for each audio block in the subsequence. The present audio block and the audio blocks in the subsequence are transmitted to a receiving party. The audio blocks in the subsequence are identified as reprocessed audio blocks. In response to deciding non-voice for the present audio block, the present audio block is cached.
Dynamic removal of MAC table entries based on a MAC table fullness level
A device may store a data structure containing entries and times associated with the entries. The device may determine a fullness level associated with the data structure. The device may determine an expiration threshold based on the fullness level of the data structure. The device may identify a first group of entries, of the entries in the data structure, based on times associated with the first group of entries satisfying the expiration threshold. The device may remove the first group of entries from the data structure. The device may randomly select, based on a probability associated with the fullness level, a second group of entries of the entries in the data structure. The device may remove the second group of entries from the data structure.
Dynamic service orchestration within PaaS platforms
According to one exemplary embodiment, a method for orchestrating a flow of a packet through a software-defined network (SDN) switch is provided. The method may include determining at least one available service associated with the SDN switch. The method may also include receiving the packet at an input port associated with the SDN switch, wherein the packet has a destination value and a packet type. The method may then include generating a flow entry based on the at least one available service and the packet type, wherein the flow entry has a plurality of entry characteristics and an action. The method may further include selecting the flow entry based on matching the plurality of entry characteristics to the destination value and the packet type. The method may also include performing the action associated with the selected flow entry.
A router fabric for switching real time broadcast video signals in a media processing network includes a logic device configured to route multiple channels of packetized video signals to another network device, a crossbar switch configured to be coupled to a plurality of input/output components and to switch video data of the multiple channels between the logic device and the plurality of input/output components in response to a control instruction, and a controller configured to map routing addresses for each video signal relative to the system clock, and to send the control instruction with the mapping to the crossbar switch and the logic device.
Data-plane stateful processing units in packet processing pipelines
A synchronous packet-processing pipeline whose data paths are populated with data-plane stateful processing units (DSPUs) is provided. A DSPU is a programmable processor whose operations are synchronous with the dataflow of the packet-processing pipeline. A DSPU performs every computation with fixed latency. Each DSPU is capable of maintaining a set of states and perform its computations based on its maintained set of states. The programming of a DSPU determines how and when the DSPU updates one of its maintained states. Such programming may configure the DSPU to update the state based on its received packet data, or to change the state regardless of the received packet data.
Method and system for minimizing the required bandwidth for a cloud based unicast communication with a vehicle
Disclosed herein is a method and system for minimizing the required bandwidth for a cloud based unicast communication with a vehicle operating within a road network, where the cloud comprises a cloud logic and the vehicle comprises a vehicle internal logic. The method comprising the steps of: determining a current position with direction of the vehicle within the road network; setting an interval at which the vehicle is to report an update on its position based on a most probable path of the vehicle and the complexity thereof, where the most probable path is a set of possible paths a predetermined distance ahead of the vehicle that it is most probable to travel along given its current position with direction within the road network; communicating the set interval to the vehicle internal logic; and reporting an updated current position of the vehicle to the cloud with the set reporting interval.
Reduction of silicon area for ethernet PFC protocol implementation in queue based network processors
In a pipelined network processor, a first stage in the pipeline is responsive to receipt of a pause indication from a third stage. The pause indication is associated with one of a plurality of ports and priority classes of frames advancing through the pipeline. The first stage asserts a hold indication to a second stage in response to the pause indication. The second stage is responsive to the hold indication by marking frames associated with the one of a plurality of ports and priority classes as they arrive from the pipeline at the second stage by returning them to the first stage interface instead of transmitting them to the third stage. The marked frames are stored in memory external to the network processor.
Network controlled client caching system and method
A communication system, cache, computer readable medium and method for exchanging delay-tolerant data content or in-advance data content between a user terminal and a communication network with which the user terminal communicates. The method includes storing the delay-tolerant data content or in-advance data content into a network cache of the communication network; gathering at the network cache network information related to a status of the communication network; receiving user terminal information at the network cache from a user cache located at the user terminal; and transferring the delay-tolerant data content or in-advance data content from the network cache to the user cache based on the network information and the user terminal information.
Multi-radio communication between wireless devices
In various embodiments, two wireless communication devices may communicate with each other using multiple protocols, by dividing the data to be communicated into multiple portions, and using each protocol to communicate different portions. The different protocols may be used simultaneously or concurrently. This multi-protocol technique may be used in several different ways to provide different types of advantages in wireless communications.
Dynamic discovery of network packet size
A computer-implemented method for facilitating communications between two peer nodes in a network. The method comprises (a) configuring a first of the peer nodes to transmit a Path Maximum Transmission Unit (PMTU) request to a second of the peer nodes; wherein the PMTU request comprises a PMTU test value; (b) configuring the second peer node to transmit a PMTU reply responsive to receiving the PMTU request; said PMTU reply comprising a PMTU value set to match the PMTU test value in PMTU request; and (c) configuring the first peer node to determine a PMTU for the network based on determinations of fragmentation in connection with the PMTU reply.
Multi-stage switching fabric that uses reserved output ports
A network device may receive network traffic, originating from an input component, via a first set of input ports of a first switching element. The first switching element may be included in a stage of a multi-stage switching fabric. The first set of input ports may be associated with the input component. The network device may determine, based on the input component, a first set of output ports of the first switching element that are reserved for the input component. The network device may route the network traffic, via the first set of output ports, to second switching elements included in another stage of the multi-stage switching fabric. The second switching elements may receive the network traffic via a second set of input ports of the second switching elements.
Flow switch IC that uses flow IDs and an exact-match flow table
An exact-match flow table structure of an integrated circuit stores flow entries. Each flow entry includes a Flow Id and an action value. Each Flow Id is a multi-bit digital value that uniquely identifies a flow. A Flow Id does not include any wildcard indictor. The flow table structure cannot and does not store an indicator that any particular part of a packet should be matched against any part of a Flow Id. In one example, a packet is received onto the integrated circuit. A Flow Id is generated from the packet. If the flow table structure determines that the Flow Id is a bit-by-bit exact-match of any Flow Id of any stored flow entry, then the packet is handled according to the action value of the flow entry. If, on the other hand, there is not exact-match, then a miss indication is output from the integrated circuit.
Communication apparatus, communication method, and communication system
Communication is performed by selecting any one of or two or more paths from among multiple paths existing between a communication apparatus and the other party in communication. In addition to measuring an effective rate itself, the effective rate is estimated from a combination of Phy rate, received power, Phy rate, and statistics information. Then, on the basis of information about the effective rate of each path, a path used for data transmission is selected according to a single selection method for selecting a single path or a multi-selection method for selecting multiple paths at a time. The single selection method can be classified into a method for each session or a physically exclusive method. The multi-selection method includes weighting method and redundancy degree attaching method.
Managing path selection and reservation for time sensitive networks
In some aspects, the disclosure is directed to methods and systems for management of path selection and reservation between layer 3 devices, as well as path selection and reservation across L2/L3 boundaries. In one implementation, path selection can be managed by separating independent but “cooperating” layers, with layer 3 topology and non-adjacent layer 2 topologies handled separately. A first layer 3 router can be identified as a path computation engine (PCE), while other layer 3 routers can be implemented as path control clients (PCC(s)). One layer 2 PCE can be assigned per layer 2 topology, preventing competing path assignments and reservations.
Data center inbound routing optimization in the event of virtual machine mobility
Methods and apparatus for optimizing data center routing in the event of virtual machine (VM) mobility are provided. In one embodiment, a first gateway router, acting as an interface between an Ethernet Virtual Private Network (EVPN) domain and a Locator/ID Separation Protocol (LISP) domain, detects EVPN mobility messages advertised when a VM that has moved connects to a gateway router at a data center. The first gateway router then initiates a LISP mobility event that registers the new location of the moved VM to a LISP mapping system. In another embodiment, the first gateway router may notify a second gateway router, located at another data center from which the VM departed, to clean up the state maintained in that data center. This notification may be made via EVPN or LISP mechanisms. In response, the second gateway router may insert a new sequence into the other data center.
The present invention relates to a network device that supports software defined networking (SDN) and a packet processing method in the network device. The network device in accordance with the present invention includes: a flow table configured to store a processing action for each flow; and a packet processing module configured to search the flow table for a flow entry matched with a packet being received to determine a list of processing actions for the packet. Here, the packet processing module is configured to use inheritance relationship information between flows defined in the flow table to generate an action list that includes one or more actions for the packet in order to determine the processing actions for the packet.
Method and system for detecting normalization of forwarding behavior of router in core routing area
The present disclosure provides a method and system for detecting normalization of forwarding behavior of a router in a core routing area. The method includes: obtaining data flow received by ports of a core router; performing matching check to the data flow according to the data flow state table; if the data flow does not match the data flow state table, checking state of the data flow to calculate a state check result S(i); determining whether the data flow state table needs to be updated, if yes, updating the data flow state table; and determining whether the state check result S(i) is a trigger state, if yes, calculate state r of the forwarding behavior of the core router, and determining whether the forwarding behavior of the core router is abnormal according to the state r of the forwarding behavior of the core router, if yes, generating an alert log.
System, method, and computer program for testing a network service associated with a communications network
A system, method, and computer program product are provided for testing a network service associated with a communications network. In use, a network service to be tested is identified, the network service including at least one network service associated with a communication network. Further, test criteria associated with the network service to be tested is identified. Additionally, a test scenario is generated for testing the network service based on the testing criteria. Furthermore, a Software Defined Networking (SDN) controller is programmed such that: a request associated with the generated test scenario is sent to an ingress point associated with the network service; the request is received at an egress point of the network service, upon the request being processed utilizing the network service; and the request is passed back to a testing software module that initiated the request, the testing software module having knowledge of rules associated with the SDN controller for generating the testing scenario. Moreover, the request that is passed back to the testing software module that initiated the request is analyzed to test the network service. Still yet, a generated response to the request is sent to the egress point of the network service such that the network service is applied to the generated response and the generated response is passed back to the software testing module from the ingress point of the network service. The abovementioned sequence is repeated until testing is completed.
Determining a transaction parallelization improvement metric
A method, program product, and system for a transaction parallelization improvement metric calculation includes receiving tracking data. The tracking data includes information about inbound and outbound subtransactions between domains over a time frame. Each domain includes at least one computer. Using the tracking data received, a number of interactions are determined based on a number of the inbound and outbound subtransactions. A total number of domains is determined using received tracking data. A transaction parallelization metric is calculated using the tracking data and a transaction parallelization improvement metric is calculated based on the number of interactions, the number domains, and the transaction parallelization metric.
Traffic engineering of cloud services
Traffic engineering of cloud services include receiving, by an enterprise network agent of an enterprise network, a policy from an operator of the enterprise network and transmitting, by a processor, the policy to a cloud service provider. Aspects also include monitoring an incoming traffic to the enterprise network from the cloud service provider and collecting data regarding the incoming traffic and transmitting collected data regarding the incoming traffic to the cloud service provider.
Techniques for monitoring virtualized network functions or network functions virtualization infrastructure
Examples may include techniques for monitoring virtual network functions or network functions virtualization infrastructure. Examples include receiving performance measurement data from virtualized network functions arranged to support a network service or from network functions virtualization infrastructure composed to support the virtualized network functions. In some examples, corrective actions such as virtualized network function lifecycle management operations are initiated based on the received performance measurement data.
Displaying of network device status
Aspects of the subject technology relate to displaying of a status of a network device. A performance of a preset sequence of actions can be initiated, where the preset sequence of actions includes a first action. A determination can be made as to whether the first action is performed successfully. Characteristics of the light sources can be set based on the determination of whether the first action is performed successfully.
System and method of updating modules for application or content identification
Expertise, for performing classification of a type of network traffic, can be encapsulated in a module. A set of modules, as currently available to a traffic controller, can be referred to as a collection. An improved process, for updating a collection of modules, is presented. A traffic controller can have two or more locations, each storing a module collection. While an old collection remains active, a new collection can be loaded. Once the new collection is loaded, transitioning can be undertaken, on a session-by-session basis that keeps a traffic controller active, from the old collection to the new collection.
Method for provisioning domain model of applications resources using semantic analysis of links
A method for provisioning application resources using semantic links is provided. Each application is divided into a set of separate resources corresponding to business logic linked to each other by semantic links. The application is configured based on user requirements. The provider assembles an application provisioning package, including creating a Virtual Environment (e.g., VM) on a customer site and launching an application instance on the VM based on required configuration determined by application resources and the semantic links required by these resources. A provisioning algorithm is implemented as a hierarchical tree. A root tree resource (object) is created. All relationships (semantic links) are determined. Existing linked objects are found and not yet existing ones are determined. The tree branch is created not further than one a link from a non-existent object. The leaf nodes of the tree are existing objects or objects that do not have the required links.
Method and apparatus for generating configuration information for a communication system
A method and apparatus for generating configuration information for a communication system is disclosed. An apparatus that incorporates teachings of the present disclosure may include, for example, a network policy manager can have a collection element that receives a plurality of service component definitions associated with a corresponding plurality of services of a communication system, a service bundle generation element that generates a plurality of service bundles from the plurality of service component definitions, and a policy element that determines a network configuration for each of the plurality of service bundles. Additional embodiments are disclosed.
Network routing system
A switching system maintains a control-plane operating system and a web server which is in communication with the control-plane operating system. The switching system then sends content by a web page hosted by the web server to a browser on a client device without being solicited by the browser, and allows a user to configure the switching system from the client device via a command line interface presented within the web page on the browser.
Systems and methods for network analysis and reporting
Among other things, embodiments of the present disclosure can collect and analyze asset and network data from multiple sources, and use such data to present a more complete and accurate representation of the network connections between various systems and software applications and the policies dictating the operation of security controls on a network compared to conventional systems.
Component detection and management using relationships
Correlation of component information provided by diverse detection and data collection methods is used to discover additional components and identify and record relationships between these and still other components. Each detection and data collection method can be individually useful to discover components, and to provide at least some information about one or more discovered components to identify at least one relationship between the discovered components. When the information and component discoveries of a first detection and data collection method are properly combined with those of a second detection and data collection method, there can be a synergistic effect that greatly improves the utility and efficiency of a relationship-based network management system by enabling automated discovery of additional components and identification of additional component relationships, by automatically merging diverse views of a single component into a coherent picture of that component, and by automated prediction of component state changes based on state changes in related components.
System and method for master switch election
A system and method for electing a master switch includes a management port for coupling a first switch to a management system, a plurality of stacking ports for coupling the first switch to other switches in a stacked switch, and a control unit. The control unit detects one or more first connectivity settings of the management port, exchanges the first connectivity settings with the other switches using at least one of the stacking ports, exchanges second connectivity settings for the other switches using the stacking ports, and elects a master switch for the stacked switch based on the first and second connectivity settings. In some embodiments, the control unit further receives a first management configuration from the management system, exchanges the first management configuration with the other switches, exchanges second management configurations of the other switches, and further elects the master switch based on the first and second management configurations.
Network management apparatus, line condition improvement method, and non-transitory computer readable medium storing program
A network management apparatus 20 includes a line condition determination unit (203) and an improvement information generation unit (204). The line condition determination unit (203) receives a line communication condition of network equipment (31) and determines as to whether or not the line communication condition satisfies a predetermined condition. The line condition determination unit (203) notifies the improvement information generation unit (204) when the predetermined condition is satisfied. The improvement information generation unit (204) obtains operation information relating to the network equipment (31). After the improvement information generation unit (204) has received the notification from the line condition determination unit (203), the improvement information generation unit (204) generates and outputs improvement information that describes means for improving the line condition of the network equipment (31) based on the operation information. Thus, it is possible to offer the means for improving a radio line condition without requiring user's time and effort.
Signaling of refresh rate for efficient data update in distributed computing environments
Distributed computing is disclosed in which a client device accesses a service announcement for a broadcast service in order to retrieve transport parameters describing a data transmission service. The client device obtains a refresh rate from the service description file, which is separate from the data transmission service, wherein the refresh rate relates to a frequency at which the data transmission service updates data in a data transmission provided by the data transmission service. The client device uses the transport parameters to access the data transmission to receive the data. Once the data is received, the client device will delay any subsequent access to the data transmission to get updated data for a delay time based at least in part on the refresh rate.
Synchronization of configuration file of virtual application distribution chassis
Methods and systems for synchronization of configuration files of a plurality of blades in a virtual application distribution chassis are disclosed. In an exemplary method, a master blade processes a configuration command, updates a first configuration file with the configuration command and generates an updated tag, and sends a configuration message to at least one slave blade of the virtual application distribution chassis informing of the updated configuration file. The configuration message is received by a given slave blade of the one or more slave blades and compared with a second configuration file stored at the given slave blade; and in response to determining that the updated tag in the configuration message is more recent than the tag in the second configuration file stored at the given slave blade, the slave blade sends a request for the updated configuration file to the master blade.
Data logging or stimulation in automotive Ethernet networks using the vehicle infrastructure
The invention relates to a method and a device for recording data or for transmitting stimulation data, which are transmitted in Ethernet-based networks of vehicles. A method for recording data is described, wherein the data are transmitted from a transmitting control unit to a receiving control unit of a vehicle via a communication system of the vehicle. The communication system comprises an Ethernet network, wherein the data are conducted from a transmission component to a reception component of the Ethernet network via a transmission path, and wherein the data are to be recorded at a logging component of the Ethernet network, which does not lie on the transmission path. The method comprises the configuration of an intermediate component of the Ethernet network, which lies on the transmission path, to transmit a copy of the data as logging data to the logging component; and the recording of the logging data at the logging component.
System and method for dynamic session maps
Systems, methods, and non-transitory computer-readable storage media for creating dynamic session maps. The method is discussed in terms of a system implementing the method. The system generates a dynamic session map token for a packet in a communication session, wherein the dynamic session map token instructs a node to send a copy of the packet to a specified destination. The dynamic session map token includes a unique dynamic session map identifier, a port number, and an IP address associated with the specified destination. Next, the system adds the dynamic session map token to the packet to yield a tracing packet. The dynamic session map token can be incorporated into the header portion of the packet, for example. Finally, the system transmits the tracing packet to the node. In one embodiment, the system also sends the copy of the packet to the specified destination.
Systems and methods for multi-variate attribute correlation
The formulation of meta-correlation method as a graph based problem is disclosed. The meta-correlation method utilizes one or more correlation techniques, and also captures latent factors critical for the business utility in hand is described. The method also leverages a small example set to bootstrap for the target utility case. The proposed method can easily work for attribute groups of any size, not just attribute groups consisting of pairs of attributes.
Automatic task tracking
The present technology correlates tasks between multiple threads of an application. A payload consisting of a task object may be identified as part of a method. Identification of the task object may be performed using instrumentation or some other method. Once the task object is identified, the payload may be instrumented to track the task object or payload and correlate the task object with other executing threads. Instrumenting the payload may include determining the constructor of the task object and instrumenting the task object constructors to determine what creates the task object. Once the source of a task object or payload is determined, the current thread having the task object as a parameter and another thread which creates the task may be tied together as part of a business transaction.
Transmission management apparatus, transmission system, and computer-readable recording medium
An apparatus includes a storage unit configured to store therein, in association with one another, group identification information for identifying groups to which transmission terminals each belong, transmission terminal identification information for identifying the terminals belonging to the respective groups, and display information to be displayed on the transmission terminals belonging to the groups. The apparatus also includes an acquiring unit configured to acquire the group identification information of a certain group and a change instruction for the display information; a changing unit configured to change the display information associated with the group identification information in the storage unit based on the change instruction; and a transmitting unit configured to transmit the display information associated with the certain group in the storage unit and changed to the terminal identified by the transmission terminal identification information associated with the group identification information of the certain group in the storage unit.
System and method for regulating the upload of files for a mobile device
A content management server that uploads files from a mobile device to a cloud-based storage location based on a battery level associated with the mobile device. The content management system receives mobile device operating information and regulates the upload of files based on the mobile device operating information. In various embodiments, the mobile device operating information includes battery information. If the mobile device battery level drops below a first predetermined level, the content management system regulates the upload of files. Once the upload of files is regulated, the content management system continues to monitor the mobile device operating information. If the content management system determines that the mobile device battery level exceeds a second predetermined level, the content management system resumes the file upload process.
System and method for synchronization for OFDMA transmission
In an example of wireless communications, an access point may send a downlink frame to multiple stations. The downlink frame may include information indicative of a cyclic prefix length to be utilized by the stations. In response, some or all of the stations may transmit their respective uplink frames to the access point. A cyclic prefix for a portion of each respective uplink frame may have a cyclic prefix length corresponding to the information included in the downlink frame. The downlink frame may be, for example, a beacon frame or a trigger frame. A trigger frame may allocate resources for uplink orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) transmission. Other methods, apparatus, and computer-readable media are also disclosed.
System and method for mitigating frequency offsets in wireless systems
Exemplary communication apparatus can comprise a receiver; a computer arrangement; and a non-transitory medium comprising computer-executable instructions that cause the apparatus to: receive a signal comprising a plurality of symbols in a first domain; store a portion of the signal comprising at least one symbol in a buffer; determine a frequency offset parameter relating to the buffered portion; apply a correction signal based on the offset parameter to the buffered portion to generate an at least partially corrected signal in the first domain; and transform the at least partially corrected signal into a second domain. In some embodiments, the first domain is a time domain, the second domain is a frequency domain, and the symbols are OFDM symbols. The corrected signal can be further transformed into a third domain. Further, exemplary methods and computer-readable media can be provided embodying one or more procedures the apparatus is configured to perform.
Method and apparatus for estimating channel in wireless communication system
The present invention relates to a method for estimating a channel in a wireless communication system. In the method, a reference value is generated on the basis of a value indicating a non-Gaussian characteristic of an inter-cell interference signal and power values of received pilot symbols, the reference value is compared with each of the power values of the pilot symbols, at least one pilot symbol, which is relatively lightly damaged by the inter-cell interference signal, is selected, and a channel is estimated using the at least one selected pilot symbol.
Signal detection method and signal receiving device for enhancing reliability of code rate search
A signal detection method associated with a constellation diagram corresponding to a modulation scheme is provided for enhancing the reliability of code rate search. A mask is provided between two adjacent constellation points in the modulation scheme. The signal detection method includes: receiving a plurality of signals, and mapping the plurality of signals to the constellation diagram; when a first signal among the plurality of signals is located in the mask, discarding the first signal; and when a second signal among the plurality of signals outside located in the mask, determining a constellation point corresponding to the second signal.
Electronic device with equalization, integrated circuit and methods therefor
An electronic device for a wireless communication system is described. The electronic device comprises: a receiver configured to receive a modulated signal on a communication channel; and a processor, coupled to the receiver and configured to: process the received modulated signal; identify a communication channel characteristic based on the processed received modulated signal; select an equalizer having a first set of equalization coefficients based on the identified communication channel characteristic, wherein the first set of equalization coefficients is selected from a plurality of equalization coefficients, each of the plurality of equalization coefficients being associated with different communication channel characteristics; equalize the processed received modulated signal on the communication channel using the selected equalizer; and detect the equalized received modulated signal.
Testing impedance adjustment
Methods of operating integrated circuit devices are useful in testing impedance adjustment. Methods include connecting a node of the integrated circuit device to a first voltage node through a reference resistance and connecting the node to a second voltage node through a termination device, and comparing a voltage level at the node to a reference voltage for at least one resistance value of the termination device. When no available resistance value of the termination device generates a voltage level at the node that is deemed to match the reference voltage, the voltage level of the reference voltage may be altered, and the voltage level at the node may be compared to the altered reference voltage. When the voltage level at the node is deemed to match the altered reference voltage, the termination device may be deemed as passed. Otherwise, the termination device may be deemed as failed.
OFDM transmission/reception device for transmitting and receiving OFDM symbols having a variable data transmission rate and method thereof
An orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) transmission device transmits OFDM symbols to at least one reception device and includes an OFDM transmission processing unit which generates a plurality of OFDM symbols; a pilot insertion unit which inserts pilot tones into each of the plurality of OFDM symbols; and a control unit which controls the pilot insertion unit to insert the pilot tones according to a pilot insertion pattern which is selected to correspond to a communication environment from among a plurality of pilot insertion patterns.
System and apparatus for providing subscriber management to support communications
A system that incorporates teachings of the present disclosure may include, for example, utilizing a first diameter agent function to route messages between network elements that provide subscriber management for a communication session, utilizing the first agent function to maintain transaction state during the communication session without maintaining session state, and utilizing the first server to selectively adjust routing information for the messages without adjusting non-routing information for the messages. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Method and apparatus for embedding secret information in digital certificates
A method and system is provided for embedding cryptographically modified versions of secret in digital certificates for use in authenticating devices and in providing services subject to conditional access conditions.
Secure neighbor discovery (SEND) using pre-shared key
An extension is provided to the SEND protocol without requiring a CGA or third party trust anchor. A shared key is provided to both a sender and receiver of a neighbor discovery (ND) message. A digital signature option is contained in the ND message. A digital signature field is determined by the algorithm field in the option. When the ND message is received, the receiver may verify the digital signature field using the pre-shared key according to the algorithm field. If the ND message passes verification, the receiver may process the message.
Method and apparatus for efficiently executing hash operations
An apparatus and method are described for executing hash functions on a processor. For example, one embodiment of a processor comprises: a register set including a first storage location and a second storage location in which state variables for a hash function are to be stored; an execution unit to execute the hash function and to initially designate the first storage location as storing a first set of state values used for computing rounds of the hash function, and to initially designate a second storage location as storing a second set of state values also used for computing the rounds of the hash function; and the execution unit to execute a plurality of rounds of the hash function using the first and second sets of state data, wherein executing includes swapping the designations of the first storage location and second storage location such that the first storage location is designated to store the first set of state values for a first set of rounds and the second set of state values for a second set of rounds, and wherein the second storage location is designated to store the second set of state values for the first set of rounds and the first set of state values for the second set of rounds.
Key encapsulation mechanisms
In a general aspect, a key encapsulation mechanism is used in a communication network. In some aspects, an error vector derivation function is applied to a random value to produce an error vector, and a plaintext value is obtained based on the random value. The error vector and the plaintext value are used in an encryption function to produce a ciphertext, and a key derivation function (KDF) is applied to the random value to produce a key derivation function output that includes a symmetric key and a confirmation value. The symmetric key is used to generate an encrypted message based on an unencrypted message. The ciphertext, the confirmation value, and the encrypted message are provided for transmission in a communication network.
Authenticating features of virtual server system
Technical solutions are described for authenticating a hosting system prior to securely deploying a shrouded virtual server. An example method includes receiving, by a hypervisor, a request for a public certificate, from a client device that requested the virtual server, and sending the public certificate of the hosting system that executes the hypervisor. The method also includes receiving, in response to the public certificate being successfully authenticated by the client device using a third-party verification system, a session key based on a public key included in the public certificate. The method also includes decrypting the session key using a private key, where the private key is pre-installed in the hosting system by a manufacturer of the hosting system, and sending an acknowledgement message encrypted using the session key. The method also includes establishing a secure communication between the client device and the hypervisor using the session key.
Using everyday objects as cryptographic keys
This disclosure involves the notion of using physical objects to generate public key-based authenticators and, in particular, to use “everyday” physical objects to create a generator seed for a key generator that will use that seed to generate a key pair comprising a public key, and its associated private key. In a preferred approach, the physical object is used to create a digital representation (of the physical object) that, together with some uniqueness associated to the user, gives rise to a key generator seed value. Without knowledge of (a) the physical object itself, (b) how the physical object characteristic is converted (to a digital representation), and (c) the uniqueness value, an attacker cannot reproduce the key generator seed (or the key(s) generated from that seed).
Vehicular entropy for random number generation
A method is provided for producing cryptographic keys, while a vehicle is in operation, for use in secure vehicle communications. The method may include obtaining unique entropy data from an entropy source based on dynamically changing, transient variables related to the operation of the vehicle, optionally in a driving mode. The method may include seeding a random number generator with the unique entropy data to generate at least one random number. A plurality of cryptographic keys are generated based on the at least one random number. A secure communication exchange may be established using the plurality of cryptographic keys. A non-transitory computer-readable medium is also provided having instructions embodied thereon that, when executed by a processor, perform the above operations as an algorithm in a vehicle.
Methods and computer systems with provisions for high availability of cryptographic keys
Shared file systems and methods ensuring high availability of cryptographic keys. The keys are encrypted with at least one shareable master key to generate corresponding encrypted cryptographic keys, which are stored in a key database in the shared file system. A master key manager with access to the key database is elected from among master key manager candidates and is assigned a common virtual address. All master key manager candidates have the shareable master key such that during a failover event the availability of the encrypted cryptographic keys is not interrupted as a new master key manager takes over the common virtual address from the previous master key manager. Additionally, a message authentication code (MAC) is deployed for testing the integrity of keys during their retrieval.
System and method for wide-band adaptive equalization and eye opening monitoring with link quality detection
A method for assessing link quality includes detecting an eye opening of a transmission link. The detected eye opening of the transmission link is compared with a threshold eye opening or at least one previously detected eye opening. A link quality of the transmission link is assessed based upon a comparison of the eye opening with the threshold eye opening or the at least one previously detected eye opening.
Multi-data rates multi-protocol communications techniques for reference-less re-timer
Systems, methods, and apparatus for generating a clock signal using re-timer circuitry, including receiving an input data signal transmitted without a reference clock signal; comparing the input data signal with a re-timer clock signal to determine a frequency difference between the input data signal and the re-timer clock signal; determining a data rate of the input data signal based on the frequency difference between the input data signal and the re-timer clock signal; and generating, based on the data rate of the input data signal, a control signal for adjusting a frequency of the re-timer clock signal to frequency-lock the re-timer clock signal with the input data signal.
Apparatus, computer readable medium, and method for alignment of long training fields in a high efficiency wireless local-area network
Apparatuses, computer readable media, and methods for extending a long-training field are disclosed. An apparatus of a high-efficiency (HE) wireless local-area network (HEW) device is disclosed. The apparatus including transceiver circuitry and processing circuitry configure to determine if a HE long training field (HE-LTF) portion of a HE physical layer convergence procedure (PLCP) protocol data unit (HE-PPDU) is to be extended, and if the HE-LTF portion is to be extended, configure the HE-LTF portion to use a longer symbol duration, or one or more additional HE-LTFs. The transceiver circuitry and processing circuitry configure also to transmit the HE-PPDU in accordance with orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA). An apparatus of a HEW device includes circuitry configured to receive a HE-LTF portion of a HE-PPDU, determine if the HE-LTF portion of the HE-PPDU is extended, and if the HE-PPDU portion is extended, use the extended portion to improve channel estimates.
Method for transmitting control information and apparatus therefor, and method for receiving control information and apparatus therefor
A method for transmitting uplink control information by a user equipment (UE) configured with a plurality of cells including a primary cell and a secondary cell in a wireless communication system, the method includes identifying Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest-Acknowledgement (HARQ-ACK)(0), HARQ-ACK(1), HARQ-ACK(2) and HARQ-ACK(3); and transmitting bits b(0)b(1) using a Physical Uplink Control Channel (PUCCH) resource based on the HARQ-ACK(0), the HARQ-ACK(1), the HARQ-ACK(2) and the HARQ-ACK(3), where the HARQ-ACK(0) and the HARQ-ACK(1) indicate ACK/NACK/DTX responses to data blocks related to the primary cell, the HARQ-ACK(2) and the HARQ-ACK(3) indicate ACK/NACK/DTX responses to data blocks related to the secondary cell, and n(1)PUCCH,0 indicates a PUCCH resource linked to a PDCCH (Physical Downlink Control Channel) on the primary cell.
Pilot allocation method based on coherence time for large-scale MIMO system
Disclosed is a pilot allocation method based on coherence time for a large-scale multiple input multiple-output (MIMO) system. The present invention achieves optimal allocation of pilot resources by fully utilizing the feature that different users possibly have different moving speeds and coherence time of corresponding channels is accordingly different, thereby improving overall data transmission performance of the system and achieving certain practicability. Moreover, the present invention effectively uses limited transmission resources in the case of limited total transmission resources, thereby improving overall data transmission performance of the system and effectively reducing pilot contamination.
Method and device for transmitting and receiving data in wireless communication system
The present invention relates to a method for transmitting data in a wireless communication system, comprising the steps of: allocating, by a base station, a resource for transmitting data modulated by a hybrid frequency shift keying (FSK) and quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) (FQAM) scheme in which a QAM scheme and a FSK scheme are combined; transmitting, by the base station, a sequence modulated by the FQAM scheme, to a mobile station, via an interference measurement channel; transmitting, by the base station, a reference signal for measuring channel quality information (CQI) to the mobile station; receiving, by the base station, CQI estimated based on an interference characteristic of the interference measurement channel, from the mobile station, and performing scheduling of the mobile station based on the received CQI; and transmitting, by the base station, the data modulated by the FQAM scheme to the mobile station.
High efficiency signal field encoding structure
This disclosure describes methods, apparatus, and systems related to a high efficiency signal field encoding structure. A device may determine a communications channel having a bandwidth of a frequency band. The device may determine a first group of subchannels of the bandwidth and a second group of subchannels of the bandwidth. The device may determine a high-efficiency signal field to be transmitted on the communications channel to a first device. The device may encode the high-efficiency signal field using the first group of subchannels and the second group of subchannels. The device may cause to send the high-efficiency signal field to the first device.
Methods and nodes in a wireless communication system
Methods and nodes, using at least one subframe, and at least one set of reference signals selected from a first or second candidate set of reference signals, each set of reference signals comprising a set of antenna ports. The method comprises assigning resource blocks by means of control channel for the data channel in the subframe; associating one set of reference signals, selected from the first or the second candidate set of reference signals with the assigned resource blocks, utilising the set of antenna ports of the selected set of reference signals, based on a set of rules related to at least the assigned resource blocks; and transmitting the data channel on the assigned resource blocks.
Testing apparatus for a high speed communications jack and methods of operating the same
A testing unit including a substrate, a plurality of vias located in the substrate, a plurality of pin traces having a height and a width and each extending from a respective via towards an edge of the substrate, a plurality of end traces having a height and a width with each end trace extending from an end of a respective pin trace towards the edge of the substrate, a plurality of branch traces having a height and a width and each extending from a side of a respective pin trace, a plurality of traces extending from the end of a respective end trace, branch trace or pin trace to the edge of the substrate.
Method and apparatus for processing reverse transmission resources in a mobile communication system
The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for processing reverse transmission resources of a user terminal in a mobile communication system. When receiving a plurality of grants, the method and apparatus sum resources allocated by the grants, distribute the summed resources to logical channels, map the resources distributed by the logical channels and the logical channels to MAC PDUs according to the data sizes of the MAC PDUs, and allocate the resources distributed by the mapped logical channels.
Decoding apparatus and decoding method including error correction process
A decoding apparatus includes a differential decoder, an error correction decoder and a controller. The differential decoder performs differential decoding according to a differential encoding dependency to generate a differential decoding result. The error correction decoder performs a decoding process on multiple packets that need to be corrected according to the differential decoding result to accordingly generate respective error correction records, wherein the packets are generated according to the differential decoding results, and the packets include a first packet and a second packet. When the error correction record of the first packet indicates that the decoding process of the first packet is unsuccessful, the controller generates a set of error position information according to the error correction record of the second packet, and requests the error correction decoder to perform another decoding process on the first packet according to the error position information.
Consumption meter with error-correction
The present invention relates to a device and a system for transmitting data messages which can be received by different types of receivers. A device and system are disclosed where data transmissions are based on data messages (2) comprising two parts, a first part (20) being encoded in accordance with a communication protocol, such as the wireless MBus protocol, and a second part (21) which comprises error-correcting information for enabling a receiver device to correct errors in the data message (2), such as parity information related to turbo coding. The first part (20) forms an independent sub data message which can be received independently of the content of the second part (21). The sub data message can be received as is within a first communication range (6), and the entire data message can by virtue of the error correction information, and subsequent error correction, be received within a second longer communication range (7).
Transmission device with mode division multiplexing and methods for use therewith
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a transmission device that includes at least one transceiver configured to modulate data to generate a plurality of first electromagnetic waves. A plurality of couplers are configured to couple at least a portion of the plurality of first electromagnetic waves to a transmission medium, wherein the plurality of couplers generate a plurality of mode division multiplexed second electromagnetic waves that propagate along the outer surface of the transmission medium. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Nonlinear penalty estimation using spectral inversion in optical transport networks
Methods and systems may estimate nonlinear penalties for optical paths using spectral inversion in optical transport networks. Certain values of nonlinear transfer functions for nonlinear penalty estimation may be pre-calculated for optical paths between given nodes. When an optical path computation for using spectral inversion between a given source node and a given destination node is desired, the pre-calculated values may be concatenated for improved computational efficiency.
Service transmission method in an optical transport network and device and system for implementing the method
Embodiments of the present disclosure disclose a service transmission method and a device and a system for implementing the method. The method includes: recognizing a type of a received client service, encapsulating an OTN service, and generating an OTN signal frame or a lower order ODU; querying a tag forwarding base to acquire forwarding information of the OTN signal frame or the lower order ODU; acquiring tag information, and inserting the tag information into an overhead of the OTN signal frame or the lower order ODU; and forwarding the OTN signal frame according to the forwarding information. Therefore, in the embodiments of the present disclosure, the forwarding and the transmission of the service may be performed in an OTN plane only, thereby reducing hardware modules of an MPLS plane.
Method and apparatus for channel state information feedback reporting
A method for transmitting a CSI feedback report to a serving cell comprises for time division duplex, configuring at least one periodic CSI process with a CSI reference source defined by a single downlink subframe n−nCQI_ref, wherein nCQI_ref is a smallest value greater than or equal to a positive integer nCQI_ref_min, such that it corresponds to a valid downlink subframe, wherein nCQI_ref_min varies based on a number of at least one periodic CSI process. A method for CSI feedback reporting to a base station comprises configuring not to accommodate, by a user equipment, the one or more aperiodic CSI requests arrived from a serving cell except a CSI request of CSI processes with lower indexes for each serving cell, wherein a number of the one or more CSI processes with a lower index (es) is determined based on a number of pending CSI reports.
Robust power detector for wideband signals among many single tone signals
Various technologies for isolating a signal of interest from signals received contemporaneously by an antenna are described herein. A time period for which a signal of interest is present in a second signal can be identified based upon ratios of values of the second signal to the mean value of the second signal. When the ratio of the value of the second signal at a particular time to the mean of the second signal exceeds a threshold value, the signal of interest is considered to be present in the second signal.
Measuring device and measuring method for start time synchronized signal generation
A measuring system comprises a timing unit and at least two signal generators. The signal generators are each configured to generate a measuring signal and to supply it to a device under test. The timing unit is configured to generate start time signals, which each indicate an allowed start time of the measuring signals. Said signal generators are configured to only start generating the measuring signals at least instances of start time signals.
Fast service discovery and pairing using ultrasonic communication
Methods, systems, and devices are described for service discovery and connection establishment of a point-to-point (e.g., device-to-device) wireless communication. Wireless devices may initiate point-to-point communication utilizing ultrasonic signals. A user may initiate a scan for one device to detect, select, and establish a connection with another device, where the scan utilizes an ultrasonic signal. Once connected, the device may create a profile with one anther and/or wirelessly communicate with one another to, for example, exchange data.
Iterative post-equalization for coherent optical receivers
A post-equalization technique for recovering data bits from a coherent modulation optical signal is implemented in the digital domain by iteratively performing a decision-directed least mean square channel equalization step, a digital post filter step and a maximum likelihood sequence estimation step so that the symbol decisions of the previous iteration are fed to the decision directed least mean square channel equalization step to successively improve the symbol decisions. In an experimental setup, the iterative technique demonstrated performance improvement mitigating the bandwidth limitation as compared to a corresponding non-iterative technique.
Transmitters for optical narrowcasting
Systems and methods for optical narrowcasting are provided for transmitting various types of content. Optical narrowcasting content indicative of the presence of additional information along with identifying information may be transmitted. The additional information (which may include meaningful amounts of advertising information, media, or any other content) may also be transmitted as optical narrowcasting content. Elements of an optical narrowcasting system may include optical transmitters and optical receivers which can be configured to be operative at distances ranging from, e.g., 400 meters to 1200 meters. Moreover, the elements can be implemented on a miniaturized scale in conjunction with small, user devices such as smartphones, thereby also realizing optical ad-hoc networking, as well as interoperability with other types of data networks. Optically narrowcast content can be used to augment a real-world experience, enhance and/or spawn new forms of social-media and media content.
Optical PAM modulation with dual drive mach zehnder modulators and low complexity electrical signaling
The present invention is directed to data communication system and methods. More specifically, various embodiments of the present invention provide a communication interface that is configured to transfer data at high bandwidth using PAM format(s) over optical communication networks. In various embodiments, amplitude and phase of the optical wave are modulated. There are other embodiments as well.
Fiber communication systems and methods
An injection locked transmitter for an optical communication network includes a master seed laser source input substantially confined to a single longitudinal mode, an input data stream, and a laser injected modulator including at least one slave laser having a resonator frequency that is injection locked to a frequency of the single longitudinal mode of the master seed laser source. The laser injected modulator is configured to receive the master seed laser source input and the input data stream, and output a laser modulated data stream.
Method and system for silicon photonics wavelength division multiplexing transceivers
Methods and systems for silicon photonics wavelength division multiplexing transceivers are disclosed and may include, in a transceiver integrated in a silicon photonics chip: generating a first modulated output optical signal at a first wavelength utilizing a first electrical signal, generating a second modulated output optical signal at a second wavelength utilizing a second electrical signal, communicating the first and second modulated output optical signals into an optical fiber coupled to the chip utilizing a multiplexing grating coupler in the chip. A received input optical signal may be split into a modulated input optical signal at the first wavelength and a modulated input optical signal at the second wavelength utilizing a demultiplexing grating coupler in the chip. The first and second modulated input optical signals may be converted to first and second electrical input signals utilizing first and second photodetectors in the chip.
Electromagnetic power measurement and reporting
A method to measure and report electromagnetic radiation power includes receiving electromagnetic radiation and generating an electrical signal in response to the received electromagnetic radiation. The electrical signal may have a magnitude based on the power of the electromagnetic radiation. The method also includes applying a logarithmic gain to the electrical signal to generate a logarithmically amplified electrical signal. The method also includes sampling the logarithmically amplified electrical signal to generate a digital sample of the logarithmically amplified electrical signal.
Adaptive fade mitigation
A satellite communications system comprising a Hub station and a plurality of terminals, the system is configured to utilize a FWD link and a RTN link in accordance with adaptation techniques for relevant transmission properties (e.g. modulation, coding, transmission power, etc.) and to use adaptive margins to ensure proper reception of transmitted information under various link conditions. Methods are presented for determining said adaptive margins in real time or substantially in real time, and for setting relevant transmission properties in accordance with the determined margins. Adaptive margins may be determined either directly or following the determining of a link state for each of the FWD link and the RTN link.
Physical layer header with access point identifier
Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide methods and apparatus for utilizing a physical layer (PHY) header comprising an identifier for an access point (AP) or a Basic Service Set (BSS). A station (STA) that is assigned an order in a sequential response sequence may count only frames with PHY headers that contain the correct identifier. A STA may terminate its sequential access procedure when it receives a frame with a PHY header that specifies a different identifier for the AP or BSS that assigned the sequence. In this manner, the STA may prevent partly synchronizing to an overlapping network and avoid accessing the wireless medium at the wrong time.
Radio frequency beamforming basis function feedback
Methods, apparatuses, systems, and computer program products for obtaining full channel knowledge between each transmitter and each receiver when using radio frequency (RF) beamforming are provided. One method described herein includes a method of obtaining channel knowledge at a transmitter with Q transmit antennas for use in beamforming where the transmitter transmits sounding waveforms from B orthogonal basis functions from a transmit array comprised of the Q transmit antennas. In response to the transmitted sounding waveforms the transmitter receives at least one feedback message from a receiver. The feedback message(s) may include an indication of the best MB basis functions plus a gain and phase value for each of the MB basis functions.
Method and apparatus for transmitting channel state information in wireless communication system
The present invention relates to a wireless communication system. A method for a terminal for transmitting channel state information (CSI) in a wireless communication system according to an embodiment of the present invention comprises the steps of: in a reporting mode for a four-antenna port, joint-encoding a rank indicator (RI) and a first precoding matrix indicator (PMI) into a single encoding value; and transmitting channel state information comprising the encoding value, wherein if RI is 1, then a codebook index may have the same value as the encoding value, and if RI is 2, then the codebook index may be less than the encoding value by 8.
Contactless circuit arrangement
Various embodiments provide a contactless circuit arrangement. The contactless circuit arrangement includes at least one antenna, an antenna tuning circuit having a plurality of electrical components, and an energy supply interface which is connected to the antenna tuning circuit in an electrically conductive manner and is intended to supply electrical energy for electrically connecting or disconnecting at least one electrical component of the plurality of electrical components for adapting the antenna tuning circuit to a target frequency.
Network termination and methods for use therewith
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a network termination includes a downstream channel modulator modulates downstream data into downstream channel signals to convey the downstream data via a guided electromagnetic wave that is bound to a transmission medium of a guided wave communication system. A host interface sends the downstream channel signals to the guided wave communication system and receives upstream channel signals corresponding to upstream frequency channels from the guided wave communication system. An upstream channel demodulator demodulates upstream channel signals into upstream data. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Power supply device, communication terminal device, and non-contact power transmission method
A power supply apparatus including a near-field wireless communication unit that wirelessly communicates with a plurality of communication terminals, a power transmission unit that sets a plurality of resonance frequencies to transfer power in a non-contact manner to each of the plurality of communication terminals, and a control unit that determines a priority level of each of the communication terminals based on identification information received from the communication terminals and determines an amount of power transmitted at each of the resonance frequencies based on the determined priority levels.
Beam power with receiver priority selection
A beam power source transmits a signal indicating power availability, receives a request for power in response, and beams power in response to the request.
Arrangement comprising a network node and leaky cable
The disclosure relates to an arrangement 100; 200 comprising a network node 3 and one or more leaky cables 2 connected at a first end 6 thereof to a respective antenna port of a first set of antenna ports of the network node 3. The network node 3 is configured to provide wireless communication for a communication device 4. The arrangement 10 comprises: a first multiplexing device 8; 10 connected to antenna ports of a second set of antenna ports of the network node 3; a second multiplexing device 9; 11 connected to the one or more leaky cables 2 at a second end 7 thereof; an interconnecting cable 5, interconnecting the first multiplexing device 8; 10 and the second multiplexing device 9; 11, wherein the first multiplexing device 8; 10 is arranged to frequency convert signals received from the second set of antenna ports and multiplex them into the interconnecting cable 5, and arranged to demultiplex signals received from the interconnecting cable 5 and to frequency convert signals for processing by the network node 3, and wherein the second multiplexing device 9; 1 is arranged to frequency convert signals received on the one or more leaky cables 21 and multiplex them into the interconnecting cable 5, and arranged to demultiplex signals received from the interconnecting cable 5 and to frequency convert signals for transmission on the one or more leaky cables 2.
Cancellation of alien interference in communication systems
Cancellation of alien interference in signals transmitted over communication channels. In one aspect, one or more signals are received at a receiver from a communication link, an alien interference in the received signals is determined based on at least one of the received signals, one or more canceling signals is determined based on the alien interference, and the canceling signals are used to reduce the alien interference in the one or more received signals.
Full-duplex wireless communication method, antenna device and full-duplex wireless communication system
The present disclosure provides a full-duplex wireless communication method, an antenna device and a full-duplex wireless communication system. The method includes steps of: within a training period, acquiring a relevant parameter for cancelling a self-interference signal from an antenna itself as a first estimated value, and a relevant parameter for cancelling a cross-interference signal between the antenna and the other antenna as a second estimated value; and within a data transmission period, receiving and transmitting signals simultaneously by the antenna using an identical frequency, cancelling the self-interference signal from the antenna itself in accordance with the first estimated value, and cancelling the cross-interference signal between the antenna and the other antenna in accordance with the second estimated value.
Self-activated transfer switch
A self-activated transfer switch is disclosed. The self-activated transfer switch includes a transmit (TX) switch coupled between a TX port and an antenna port. A receive (RX) switch is coupled between the antenna port and an RX port, and RF-to-bias generator circuitry is coupled to the TX port and the antenna port. The RF-to-bias generator circuitry is configured to generate a bias signal to turn off the RX switch and turn on the TX switch when either of a TX signal is provided at the TX port and a jammer signal is received at the antenna port. The bias signal is generated from energy of at least one of the TX signal and the jammer signal. The TX switch is turned off and the RX switch is turned on when the bias signal is not being generated.
Electronic device and method for using the same
The present disclosure provides electronic devices and methods for using the electronic device. The electronic device includes: a transparent case and a transparent liquid battery. The transparent case is sealed to form a holding cavity in which the transparent liquid battery, a display screen component, a mainboard component, an accessory component and a power control component are disposed. The mainboard component is connected to the display screen component made from transparent material. The mainboard component is connected to the accessory component. The mainboard component is connected to the power control component. The electronic device is made from transparent material so that the electronic device is featured by transparency, without additionally equipping the rear cover of the electronic device with a transparent protective casing.
Interference reduction for multiple signals
The present invention reduces the degradation in performance of one or more radio signals that are co-transmitted with a first radio signal from the same transmitting antenna in the same frequency channel and received by the same antenna due to multipath or other shared interference, where the one or more radio signals can be separated from the first radio signal. All received signals are coupled to the same adaptive array or adaptive filter to reduce multipath or other shared interference of the first radio signal, which reduces multipath and other shared interference in the other radio signals before they are separated and processed by their respective receivers, or the individual radio signals are separated before the first signal enters the adaptive array and coupled to a slave weighting network slaved to the weights of the adaptive array of the first signal to reduce interference in all the signals.
Digital broadcasting system and method of processing data
A digital broadcast receiving system includes a known data detector, a carrier recovery unit, and a timing recovery unit. The known data detector may detect known data information inserted and transmitted from a digital broadcast transmitting system and using the known data information to estimate initial frequency offset. The carrier recovery unit may obtain initial synchronization by using the initial frequency offset, and may detect frequency offset from the received data by using the known sequence position indicator so as to perform carrier recovery. The timing recovery unit may detect timing error information from the received signal by using the known sequence position indicator so as to perform timing recovery.
Method and apparatus for hybrid delta-sigma and Nyquist data converters
A wide bandwidth radio system designed to adapt to various global radio standards and, more particularly, to a radio receiver composed of a demodulator operative to work in a delta sigma mode and a Nyquist mode, and wherein a filter and feedback loop may utilized in response to the modulation mode of an RF signal.
Flash analog-to-digital converter calibration
An analog-to-digital converter (ADC) is a device that can include a reference shuffler and a loop filter. An ADC can achieve better performance with incremental adjustment of a pointer of the reference shuffler, changing coefficients of the loop filter, and storing calibration codes of the ADC in a non-volatile memory. By incrementally adjusting a pointer of the reference shuffler, a calibration can be performed more efficiently than with a random adjustment of the pointer. By temporarily changing the loop filter coefficients, a greater amount of activity can be introduced into the loop filter. This activity can allow the calibration to proceed more efficiently. By storing the calibration codes in a non-volatile memory, a search space for calibration codes can be reduced. Thus, a calibration can occur more quickly, and the calibration itself can be improved.
Data conversion with redundant split-capacitor arrangement
Representative implementations of devices and techniques provide analog to digital conversion of time-discrete analog inputs. A redundant split-capacitor arrangement using a successive approximation technique can provide a fast and power efficient ADC. For example, a successive approximation capacitor arrangement may include multiple arrays with non-binary bit weights.
Generating gradient waveform
Methods of generating a gradient waveform, gradient waveform generators and magnetic resonance imaging systems are provided. In one aspect, a first digital value is obtained by quantizing and coding spatial position information of a voxel of a subject according to the number of preset quantization bits, wherein the number of the quantization bits are more than the number of allowed input bits for a DAC; a second digital value is determined to be inputted into the DAC according to the first digital value and the number of the allowed input bits for the DAC; a quantization error is determined according to the first digital value and the second digital value; an error accumulating value is updated by accumulating the quantization error to the error accumulation value; the second digital value corrected according to the error accumulation value; and the corrected second digital value is inputted into the DAC.
Household appliance with control element
A household appliance includes at least one control element for modifying at least one operating parameter of the household appliance. At least one modification of at least one operating parameter which modification has been executed last is resettable by a reset control element. In a method for operating a domestic appliance, a most recently executed modification of an operating parameter can be reset by an operator.
A semiconductor device includes a first transistor and a second transistor connected in series between a first voltage source and a second voltage source. A diode is connected between a gate of the first transistor and the second voltage source. A capacitor is connected to the gate of the first transistor. A first driver is connected to the gate of the first transistor through the capacitor. A second driver is connected to a gate of the second transistor. A threshold voltage of the second transistor is higher than a threshold voltage of the first transistor.
Apparatus and method for instant-on quadra-phase signal generator
Apparatuses are provided for a quadra-phase clock signal generator. An example apparatus includes a first delay circuit configured to receive a first input clock signal generating a first delayed clock signal. A first phase mixer is provided communicatively coupled to the first delay circuit and configured to receive the first delayed clock signal at a first input and a second input clock signal at a second input. The first phase mixer may then generate a first output clock signal at a first output node responsive, at least in part, to mixing of the first delayed clock signal and the second input clock signal.
Dead time control circuit for a level shifter
Systems, methods, and apparatus for use in biasing and driving high voltage semiconductor devices using only low voltage transistors are described. The apparatus and method are adapted to control multiple high voltage semiconductor devices to enable high voltage power control, such as power amplifiers, power management and conversion and other applications wherein a first voltage is large compared to the maximum voltage handling of the low voltage control transistors. Timing of control signals can be adjusted via internal and/or external components so as to minimize shoot trough currents in the high voltage devices. A DC/DC power conversion implementation from high input voltage to low output voltage using a novel level shifter which uses only low voltage transistors is also provided. Also presented is a level shifter in which floating nodes and high voltage capacitive coupling and control enable the high voltage control with low voltage transistors.
Method for tuning feed-forward canceller
A method for maintaining good cancelation in a passive feed-forward cancelation circuit is disclosed. The feed-forward cancelation circuit may include at least one path which may comprise a phase-shifter and a variable attenuator. This method uses the complex value of the reflection coefficient at the point where the communication device is connected to a transmission medium, such as an antenna, to determine the values for the phase shifter(s) and the variable attenuator(s).
Radiation hardened structured ASIC platform with compensation of delay for temperature and voltage variations for multiple redundant temporal voting latch technology
The invention relates to devices and methods of maintaining the current starved delay at a constant value across variations in voltage and temperature to increase the speed of operation of the sequential logic in the radiation hardened ASIC design.
Exponentially scaling switched capacitor
An exponentially-scaling switched impedance circuit includes: two or more impedance scaling circuits, wherein each impedance scaling circuit comprises: an input port; an output port; and a switched impedance circuit connected in parallel to the output port. Each impedance scaling circuit is configured to provide an effective impedance at the input port corresponding to a scaled-down version of the exponentially-scaling switched impedance circuit. The two or more impedance scaling circuits are connected in a cascade such that an input of an impedance scaling circuit is connected to an output of a previous impedance scaling circuit and/or an output of the impedance scaling circuit is connected to an input of a next impedance scaling circuit.
Filter device and duplexer
In a filter device, first and second filter sections are connected in parallel between an input terminal and an output terminal. The first filter section is a longitudinally coupled resonator-type elastic wave filter including first and second inter-stage wiring lines with a two-stage cascading connection. The second filter section is a longitudinally coupled resonator-type elastic wave filter including third and fourth inter-stage wiring lines with a two-stage cascading connection. The phases of signals flowing in the third inter-stage wiring line and the second inter-stage wiring line are inverse. Terminal portions of an interdigital transducer electrode connected to the second inter-stage wiring line and an interdigital transducer electrode connected to the third inter-stage wiring line that are connected to a potential that is not a hot-side potential are connected by a virtual ground wiring line. A hot-side wiring portion that is adjacent to the virtual ground wiring line is disposed on an insulating film provided on the piezoelectric substrate.
Multimode reconfigurable amplifier and analog filter including the same
Provided is a reconfigurable amplifier. The reconfigurable amplifier includes a gain circuit including a gain path configured to amplify an input signal, and a feed forward circuit including a feed forward path configured to receive the input signal and perform feed forward compensation on the input signal, and a first control circuit configured to perform the feed forward compensation in a first mode by activating the feed forward path, and deactivate the feed forward path in a second mode different from the first mode.
Filter-less chopping for offset cancellation
Aspects of the disclosure provide an amplifier system and a method for dynamically cancelling an offset voltage. The amplifier system includes a chopper amplifier system that includes a differential amplifier with an offset calibration circuit. The chopper amplifier system is configured to generate an output signal including voltage variations indicating an offset voltage of the differential amplifier. The amplifier system also includes a feedback circuit configured to determine a polarity of the offset voltage of the differential amplifier based on the output signal, and to transmit a control signal to the offset calibration circuit to reduce the offset voltage of the differential amplifier.
Pulse detection amplifier
A pulse detector amplifier is disclosed. The pulse detector amplifier may have a detection switching leg that receives an input energy pulse. The pulse detector may have a mirror fast trigger including a trigger node and controlling a mirrored switching leg. The detection switching leg may trigger the trigger node in response to the input energy pulse. The pulse detector amplifier may also have a mirrored switching leg that controlled by the trigger node. The mirrored switching leg may control a voltage and/or current on the output node responsive to the input energy pulse. Thus, the pulse detector may generally include a cascode architecture, with a mirror fast trigger (which may include a FET) between the mirrored legs of the amplifier and enhancing the rapid triggering of the amplifier output. Thus the pulse detector may be power efficient, may have a small part count, and may be sensitive.
Architectures and devices related to Doherty amplifiers
An amplifier architecture can include an input circuit for splitting a signal into first and second portions, and carrier and peaking amplification paths for receiving the first and second portions. The architecture can further include an output circuit having a balun transformer circuit with first and second coils, with the first coil between first and second ports, the second coil between third and fourth ports, the first and third ports coupled by a first capacitance, and the second and fourth ports coupled by a second capacitance. The first port can receive a first signal from the carrier amplification path, and the fourth port can receive a second signal from the peaking amplification path. The second port can provide a combination of the first signal and the second signal as an amplified signal. A termination circuit can be provided to couple the third port to a ground.
Envelope tracking power converter circuitry
Envelope tracking power converter circuitry is configured to receive a supply voltage and simultaneously provide two envelope tracking power supply signals, an envelope tracking power supply signal and an average power tracking power supply signal, or a single envelope tracking power supply signal with improved efficiency. When providing a single envelope tracking power supply signal, an envelope tracking power supply signal is provided to a parallel amplifier in the envelope tracking power converter circuitry to provide multiple levels of envelope tracking which improves efficiency.
Solar photovoltaic module clamping system
A clamping system for securing the corners of four photovoltaic modules to a carport purlin, the clamping system having upper and lower body portions with an adjustable set screw between, the gap dimensioned to receive the purlin therein and the set screw rotatable to secure the purlin to the upper body portion. The system also having a pair of PV module connectors at opposite ends of the clamping assembly, each PV module connector adapted to secure a pair of PV modules to the purlin.
Solar energy apparatus and method
Disclosed embodiments include multi-plane photovoltaic modules and/or solar panel arrangements, as well as solar farms constituted with such arrangements/modules. In embodiments, a solar panel arrangement may include a first solar panel having a first plurality of solar photovoltaic modules, disposed at a first plane; and a second solar panel having a second plurality of solar photovoltaic modules, disposed at a second plane; vertically offset from the first plane. Similarly, in embodiments, a photovoltaic module may include a first substrate having a first plurality of photovoltaic cells, disposed at a first plane; and a second substrate having a second plurality of photovoltaic cells, disposed at a second plane, vertically offset from the first plane. Other embodiments may be described and claimed.
Motor control device
A motor control device includes: a substrate on a heat sink; switching elements providing a power converter; a drive circuit IC having a pre-driver; a control circuit IC having a current control unit; first and second temperature detectors; and a temperature estimation unit of evaluation places. When the current control unit is halted after operation and is restarted after halt, the temperature estimation unit: stores estimated temperature and the first and second detected temperature at the halt; calculates, as an estimated gain, a ratio of a temperature difference at the halt to a temperature difference at restart; and estimates temperature at the restart based on a temperature difference obtained by multiplying a temperature difference between the first detected temperature and the estimated temperature at the halt by the estimated gain, and increased temperature.
Rotating electric machine control device
A rotating electric machine control device includes: an inverter in each winding set of a rotating electric machine having high and low potential-side switching elements corresponding to each phase; and a controller. The controller has: a signal generator of a control signal for turning on and off the high and low potential-side switching elements; a disturbance voltage estimating device calculating a disturbance voltage estimation value of a disturbance voltage, which is generated in a normal system, based on a current flowing in a failure system when the short circuit failure occurs; and a command calculating device calculating a normal system command value in accordance with the disturbance voltage estimation value.
Circuit with current sharing alternately switched parallel transistors
A method of operating parallel connected transistors including a first transistor and a second transistor having their respective collectors and emitters connected together includes receiving a first pulse and providing it for a first time period to a gate of the first transistor and not to the second transistor. The method also includes receiving a second pulse and providing it for a second time period to a gate of the second transistor and not to the first transistor and receiving a third pulse and providing it to the gate of the first transistor and not to the second transistor for the first time period.
Method of forming a semiconductor device and structure therefor
In one embodiment, a control circuit for a linear vibration motor may be configured to drive the linear vibration motor to vibrate using a closed loop run mode followed by an open loop run mode, and may be configured to control the linear vibration motor to stop vibrating using an anti-drive signal wherein the frequency is adjusted to be near to an estimated value of the natural frequency of the linear vibration motor.
Normalization of motor phase measurements
A method of normalizing phase measurements for a motor using a normalizing phase measurements (NPM) algorithm that a processor implements to cause a motor controller coupled to stator terminals of the phases to execute forcing a set of input current or voltage vectors (set of input vectors) including repeating the forcing after rotating the rotor through a full mechanical cycle to generate resulting current or voltage samples (resulting samples) of non-normalized phase A and phase B waveforms. The magnitude of the input vectors are sufficiently small to not move the rotor. A maximum value (x_max) and a minimum value (x_min) are determined for each of the non-normalized phase A and phase B waveforms. An offset value and normalization scale factor (NSF) are determined from the max and min values. The offsets and NSFs are applied to the non-normalized phase waveforms to generate normalized phase A and phase B waveforms.
AC rotating machine control device and electric power steering device equipped with same
This AC rotating machine control device includes: power limiting means 6 for limiting drive power supplied for driving the AC rotating machine; and power feed means 10 for, when sensor abnormality determination means 3 determines that the rotational position sensor is abnormal, on the basis of the estimated rotational position, supplying the AC rotating machine with power obtained by adding rotational position estimation power supplied for the rotational position estimation means 9 to estimate the rotational position, to the drive power limited by the power limiting means, wherein the power limiting means 6 limits drive current at least during a predetermined period since the sensor abnormality determination means 3 determines that the abnormality occurs until estimated error of the estimated rotational position falls within a predetermined range.
Linear actuator and method for controlling the same
The present invention provides a linear actuator including a motor; a linear driving unit coupled to the motor and including a magnet; a sensor unit configured to sense a change amount of magnetic flux depending on a position of the magnet and convert the sensed change amount of magnetic flux into measured voltage data; a data unit in which reference voltage data corresponding to the change amount of magnetic flux depending on a position of the magnet is stored; and a judging unit configured to compare the reference voltage data with the measured voltage data at the corresponding position of the magnet. The present invention is advantageous in that, by compensation-controlling a position of the motor, feedback control may be performed in the step motor to secure performance of the product to which the present invention is applied.
Motor drive circuit and illumination apparatus and method
A motor-drive circuit includes: an output transistor configured to supply a drive current to a motor for a cooling fan; a switching-control circuit configured to control switching of the output transistor so that the motor rotates in a first direction, or rotates in a second direction opposite to the first direction; and a switching circuit configured to, when a first time has elapsed since start of rotation of the motor in the first direction, cause the switching-control circuit to start switching control so that the motor stops rotating in the first direction and thereafter rotates in the second direction, and configured to, when a second time has elapsed since start of rotation of the motor in the second direction, cause the switching-control circuit to start switching control so that the motor stops rotating in the second direction and thereafter rotates in the first direction.
Rotor lock detection
A circuit comprises a position sensing circuit to sense first and second position states of a rotating object, a first counter storing a first counter value, and a second counter storing a second counter value. The first counter value is incremented when the position states are the same, the second counter value is incremented when the position states indicate that the rotating object has rotated in a direction, and a fault is indicated when either counter value is equal to or greater than their respective limits. A method comprises sensing two position states of a rotating object, incrementing a first counter value when the position states are the same, incrementing a second counter value when the rotating object is determined, using the position states, to have rotated in a direction, and indicating a fault when either counter value is equal to or greater than their respective limits.
Method for controlling an alternating current electric machine, and a frequency converter
Invention is related to a method for controlling an alternating current electric machine with a frequency converter including a controllable machine bridge and a controllable line bridge, and a corresponding frequency converter. The method comprises calculating a line bridge control signal, controlling line current through the line bridge using the line bridge control signal, measuring or estimating rotor pole position of the electric machine, calculating a machine bridge control signal as a function of the rotor pole position, updating the machine bridge control signal when the rotor pole position changes, and controlling current of the electric machine through the machine bridge using the machine bridge control signal.
Variable frequency drive motor control
Various embodiments include a variable frequency drive motor control apparatus. The apparatus includes a main controller having a first interface. A motor controller is coupled to and controls an electric motor, the motor controller further coupled to the main controller. A network switch is coupled to the main controller, the motor controller, and a remote controller over respective digital connections. The remote controller has a second interface. The network switches data between the first interface, the second interface, and the motor controller. A network coupler is coupled between a variable frequency drive controller and the motor controller.
Non-contact rotary power transfer system
A power delivery system includes a rotary transformer having a primary winding and a secondary winding and configured to transfer power between stationary coupling elements on a stationary side and rotational coupling elements on a rotational side. The rotational coupling elements share a central axis with the stationary coupling elements, and are adapted to rotate with respect to the stationary coupling elements. The power delivery system includes an isolation transformer that drives the primary winding of the rotary transformer, and a plurality of power inverter stages whose outputs are adapted to be summed and coupled to the rotary transformer. A plurality of output power converters receive transmitted power from the rotary transformer. A plurality of control elements, disposed on the rotating side, are configured to close a feedback loop on desired and actual performance of the output power converters, and to control the power inverter stages.
Synchronous rectifier control method for a non-isolated DC/DC converter having a transformer with cross connected capacitors
A power system includes DC-DC power conversion circuitry that has a first switch and a second switch on either side of a transformer, and the second switch is operates as a synchronous rectifier. Power transfer from a primary side to secondary side of the DC-DC power conversion circuitry is controlled by operating the first switch. A drive signal for the second switch is calculated based on a sensed transformer winding current, and operation of the second switch is controlled based on the drive signal.
To provide a COT-controlled switching regulator capable of preventing an output voltage from excessively exceeding a desired voltage even though a light load is connected to an output terminal. A switching regulator of the present invention is configured to be equipped with a 100% DUTY detection circuit which detects a 100% DUTY at which a high-side switching element continues an on state for a prescribed time or more and outputs a detected signal to an output control circuit and to cause the output control circuit to turn off the high-side switching element when the output control circuit receives the detected signal therein.
Soft start switching power supply system
A switching power supply system includes a switching converter, to convert an input voltage into an output voltage and to generate a switching signal; a feedback circuit, to generate a feedback signal; an error amplifier to generate an error signal; a triangle signal generator to generate a triangle signal; a constant on time control circuit to receive error signal and the triangle signal, and to generate a constant on time control signal to control power switch; in the system. The triangle signal has a DC bias based on either a soft start signal or a second reference signal. The system could perform soft start function and meanwhile keep matching between the error signal and the triangle signal.
A boost converter includes an input, an output, a startup circuit, a first switch, a comparator circuit, a switching circuit, a control circuit, a converter circuit, and a switch control circuit. The startup circuit boosts an input voltage up to a first output voltage. The comparator circuit outputs a first signal corresponding to the difference between the output voltage and a first reference voltage. The switching circuit outputs a second voltage based on the first signal. The control circuit outputs a second signal corresponding to the difference between the output voltage and a second reference voltage. The converter circuit boosts the input voltage based on the second signal, and outputs the output voltage. The switch control circuit generates a third signal based on the second signal, and outputs the third signal to the first switch.
Variable switched DC-to-DC voltage converter using pulse skipping mode and frequency modulation
A voltage converter can be switched among two or more modes to produce an output voltage tracking a reference voltage that can be of an intermediate level between discrete levels corresponding to the modes. One or more voltages generated from a power supply voltage, such as a battery voltage, can be compared with the reference voltage to determine whether to adjust the mode. The reference voltage can be independent of the power supply voltage. Further, the voltage converter may implement frequency modulation and a pulse skipping mode to improve the efficiency of switching operational states of the voltage converter.
Peak current limiting in inductor-based power converter
A combination of inductor current thresholds and circuitry for controlling the inductor based on the thresholds may be implemented in a power converter. One or more of the inductor current thresholds may be variable. An inductor current threshold may be varied as part of a search algorithm for identifying a value resulting in full scale operation of the inductor without exceeding a safe limit. After each cycle of the power converter, circuitry may determine which current thresholds have been exceeded and which have not been exceeded and then generate indication signals for each of the thresholds. Control logic may receive the indication signals and adjust one of the inductor current thresholds used to determine timing for disconnecting and reconnecting current through the inductor of the power converter.
Method for monitoring a battery, evaluation device, and measuring system
A circuit system having a voltage converter having an input path, an output path, and having a plurality of phases, each phase having at least one half-bridge and at least one fuse, each branch of the half-bridge having a respective MOSFET. The circuit system recognizes a defective MOSFET and controls the MOSFETs of the intact phases in such a way that a sufficiently large current trips the fuse connected in series with the defective MOSFET in order to enable an emergency operation of the voltage converter. A method for operating such a circuit system is also described.
Potential definition of input lines of an inverter
For defining an electric potential of input lines of an inverter with respect to ground, in all current-carrying output lines of the inverter capacitors are arranged and charged to a DC voltage in order to shift the electric potential of the input lines with respect to a reference potential present at the current-carrying output lines of the inverter by this DC voltage.
Arrangement for determining the angular position of a shaft of an electric motor, and windscreen wiper motor with an arrangement for determining the angular position
The invention relates to an arrangement (20) for determining the angular position of a shaft (11) of an electric motor (10), in particular of a shaft (11) of a windscreen wiper motor (100), with a magnet element arrangement, connected with the shaft (11), and several magnetic field sensors (26, 27, 28), wherein the angular position of the shaft (11) is inferred from the different signals of the magnetic field sensors (26, 27, 28). Provision is made, according to the invention, for the magnet element arrangement to comprise at least one magnet element, preferably several separate magnet elements (21, 22, 23), which are arranged one behind the other in the longitudinal direction of the shaft (11), and for the magnetic field sensors (26, 27, 28) to be arranged on a printed circuit board (30) which is arranged at a slight distance from the shaft (11), such that the magnetic fields of the magnet elements (21, 22, 23) are able to be determined by the magnetic field sensors (26, 27, 28).
Motor control device for estimating temperature of windings, and method for calculating allowable duty cycle time for machine
A motor control device according to this invention includes a correction unit which calculates a correction coefficient for correcting the temperature of windings, based on the result of a comparison between a winding estimated temperature rise profile representing the temperature of the windings estimated by a winding temperature estimation unit and a winding actual temperature rise profile representing the temperature of the windings measured by a temperature sensor, when a motor as attached to a machine is rotated at a predetermined rotational speed, to match the winding estimated temperature rise profile with the winding actual temperature rise profile, and corrects a temperature rise estimation arithmetic expression using the correction coefficient.
Motor drive device for electric power steering including heat sink and external connector
In this motor drive device, a motor case which stores a motor and a controller case which stores a controller of controlling the motor are unitarily coupled to each other in a direction of the rotating shaft of the motor. In addition, a connection portion for an external connector included in the controller is also provided in the direction of the rotating shaft of the motor. Such a structure achieves a small and compact structure which can be connected in the direction of the rotating shaft.
A rotary electrical machine incorporating an electronic module that includes a printed circuit mounted with a plurality of surface mounted electronic components and a plurality of pin-through-hole electronic components; the electrical machine includes a dissipator for dispersing the heat generated by the electronic module; the surface mounted electronic components and the pin-through-hole electronic components are mounted between the printed circuit and the dissipator; the electronic module also includes a transferring element, also mounted between the printed circuit and the dissipator, in thermal contact with at least one of the surface mounted electronic components; the transferring element is designed to disperse the heat generated by the surface mounted electronic components towards the dissipator with the aid of a thermally conductive and electrically isolating filler material inserted between the transferring element and the dissipator.
Alternator with external cooling system
Systems and methods are provided for cooling an alternator using a fan that is operationally independent of the alternator and a duct system that at least partially surrounds the alternator. Example vehicles include an alternator cooling system that comprises a fan configured to be operationally independent of the alternator and disposed adjacent to an end of the alternator, and a duct system encasing the end of the alternator. The vehicles further include a control module configured to control operation of the fan based on one or more inputs related to operation of the alternator. Example methods include receiving, at a processor, an input related to operation of the alternator; determining, based on the input, that a preset condition has been met, using the processor; and responsive thereto, generating a control signal to adjust an operating speed of the fan.
Systems and methods of detecting a change in object presence in a magnetic field
The systems and methods of detecting a change in object presence in a magnetic field disclosed herein inject a low amplitude signal near the resonant frequency into the coil until the system comes to equilibrium. At this point the feedback is measured. The feedback signal can be measured as at least one of several signals, for example, but not limited to the voltage on the resonant capacitor, the current in the coil, and the voltage between the resonant capacitor and the coil. A change in the steady state response indicates a change in device presence.
Wireless power transmission device
A wireless power transmission device for wirelessly transmitting power to a wireless power reception device, according to one embodiment of the present invention, comprises: a first transmission coil for transmitting power to the wireless power reception device through a magnetic field; and a second transmission coil for transmitting power to the wireless power reception device through a magnetic field and arranged on the inner side of the first transmission coil, wherein the wireless power transmission device transmits power to the wireless power reception device through one coil between the first transmission coil and the second transmission coil on the basis of a coupling state between the wireless power transmission device and the wireless power reception device.
Wireless power apparatus and operation method thereof
Disclosed is a wireless power apparatus to repeat power between a wireless power transmitter and a wireless power receiver. The wireless power apparatus includes a resonant coil resonance-coupled with the wireless power transmitter to wirelessly repeat the power, an induction coil for transferring, to a load, a power generated through coupling the induction coil with the resonant coil and a detecting unit for detecting an existence of the wireless power receiver, wherein the wireless power apparatus operates in one mode of a power reception and a power repeat mode according to a result of a detection of the wireless power receiver, wherein the power reception mode is supplying the power to the load and the power repeat mode is transferring the power the wire-less power receiver.
Power distribution visibility in data center environments
Methods and systems for managing, tracking, and displaying power usage information in connection with colocation datacenters are described. In particular, one or more current transformers determine an amount of current associated with breaker positions of a breaker panel. The current readings may then be used to construct one or more virtual circuits. Access to the current and power readings associated with the virtual circuit is provided to clients via a communication network. Additionally, the current readings may be utilized to track actual current and/or power use in conjunction with one or more client allocated amounts of power.
Energy supply method and device for monitoring wireless sensor node of roller
An energy supply method and device for a monitoring wireless sensor node of a roller. A node energy supply device (2) is arranged on a roller web (1). The node energy supply device (2) comprises a generator (2-1), a disc rail (2-3), an input shaft (2-4), a swing link (2-5), a swing wheel (2-8) and an energy collection module (2-10). The generator (2-1) is driven to rotate using the rotation motion of the roller, the mechanical energy is converted into electric energy by the generator (2-1), and power is supplied to a monitoring wireless sensor node by the energy collection module (2-10). After rectification, filtering and voltage stabilization are conducted on the electric energy generated by cutting a magnetic induction line when the generator (2-1) operates, the energy collection module (2-10) uses the electric energy for charging an internal battery of the monitoring wireless sensor node. When the roller operates, the swing wheel (2-8) will keep vertically downward because of the gravity action thereof, thereby rotating relative to the input shaft (2-4) of the generator (2-1) to drive the generator (2-1) to operate. The present invention has the advantages of simple structure without manual operations, and energy saving and environmental protection.
Methods, systems, and products for charging of devices
Methods, systems, and products charge a battery in a mobile device. A calendric pattern describes habitual usage of the mobile device. The battery may thus be charged based on the calendric pattern.
The invention is based on a charging device, in particular for a hand tool accumulator (12), with at least one inductive voltage source (14) that is provided for supplying a charging current and comprises a first AC voltage connection point (16) and at least one further AC voltage connection point (18), with an inverter (20) comprising at least one power output (22) and at least one inverter element (24) which is electrically connected to the first AC voltage connection point (16), and with a signal transfer unit (26).It is proposed that the signal transfer unit (26) is provided for short-circuiting the at least two AC voltage connection points (16, 18) to generate a signal.
Management of high-voltage lithium-polymer batteries in portable electronic devices
The disclosed embodiments provide a system that manages use of a battery corresponding to a high-voltage lithium-polymer battery in a portable electronic device. During operation, the system monitors a cycle number of the battery during use of the battery with the portable electronic device, wherein the cycle number corresponds to a number of charge-discharge cycles of the battery. If the cycle number exceeds one or more cycle number thresholds, the system modifies a charging technique for the battery to manage swelling in the battery and use of the battery with the portable electronic device.
Battery life time management
A method for managing the lifetime of a battery is disclosed herein. An ambient temperature is measured near a battery. The ambient temperature rises above a first threshold and, in response to detecting that the ambient temperature has risen above the first threshold, the battery is discharged. A battery system and a device operable with a battery are also disclosed.
Delayed reactive electrical consumption mitigation
The electrical consumption mitigation provided by energy storage systems can be unreliable when a consumption peak lasts long enough to deplete the energy stored and the remainder of the peak is unmitigated. By implementing a waiting period between detecting the peak and discharging the energy storage in which characteristics of the peak are observed, a peak mitigation system can lengthen the effective discharge duration of the energy storage system and prevent unmitigated plateaus from appearing. For example, when a consumption plateau is detected, the system may discharge at a slower rate than when a spike is detected in order to prolong mitigation activities before the conclusion of the plateau. Thus otherwise-incurred demand-related utility charges can be reduced without having to increase the capacity of the mitigation system. In some cases, these processes are performed with respect to the bounds of demand-averaged time periods used to calculate demand charges.
A jump starter unit for starting large vehicles and other equipment using jumper cable at lengths up to fifty (50) feet. The jump starter includes a high output (200-300 amp) alternator and a large (2000 Farad) capacitor. The alternator is also used to maintain the capacitor's charge when the boost charge is not needed. The alternator and capacitor are integrated into an electrical system that includes an electronic control and a plurality of relays that provide the various charging and boost functions of the unit. In certain embodiments, the jump starter unit may take the form of a portable or mobile self contained apparatus having its own combustion to drive the high output alternator. In other embodiments, the jump starter unit may be integrated into a service vehicle, such as a tow truck or utility vehicle, and utilize the vehicle's engine to drive the jump starter's high output alternator.
Electrical connector and movable device using the same
An electric connector, includes an insulated housing, a male plug at one end of the housing and a female socket on the opposite end of the housing. The male plug and female socket respectively have an electrode and an electrode slice which is electrically connected with a pair of the male plug and female socket inside the housing. The female socket has an opening adaptive to accommodate the male plug and enable a connection between the electrode of the male plug and that of the female socket. The invention also provides a movable device using the electric connector. According to the invention, a plurality of movable devices with a charging unit can be charged simultaneously and the charging process can be simplified, thereby improving the utilization and safety of the movable devices and lowering the cost of maintenance.
Charge device for battery charging and method thereof
A charge device for controlling an abnormal charge request is provided. The charge device includes a controller that interrupts a charge path, when power is applied and that determines whether a charge request is an abnormal charge request through a detour charge path and that controls to maintain interruption of the charge path, if the charge request is an abnormal charge request. The controller may be further configured to interrupt the detour charge path, in response to determining that the charge request is a normal charge request; connect the charge path; and supply a charge current to the charge path.
Charging station with suction base
A charging station with a suction base may comprise a suction cup apparatus and a base portion, and the suction cup apparatus has a shell which further comprises a U-shaped slot formed at a lateral portion thereof. The U-shaped slot comprises two side walls, an inner wall and a bottom wall to receive the base portion through an engaging portion of the base portion. The base portion further has a placing portion which comprises a first blocking portion and a second blocking portion to provide a firm placing space for a 3C product both when charging and not charging.
Rechargeable battery systems and rechargeable battery system operational methods
Rechargeable battery systems and rechargeable battery system operational methods are described. According to one aspect, a rechargeable battery system includes a plurality of rechargeable battery modules coupled between a plurality of terminals, wherein the rechargeable battery modules individually comprise a plurality of rechargeable battery cells and charge balancing circuitry configured to implement, for individual ones of the rechargeable battery modules, first charge balancing operations with respect to the rechargeable battery cells of individual ones of the rechargeable battery modules, and to implement second charge balancing operations with respect to the rechargeable battery modules.
Single transformer high-power balancer
Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide apparatus and methods for balancing charge in a plurality of cells in a battery. In one example apparatus, the primary winding of the transformer may be coupled to a bus, and the secondary winding may be coupled to a cell of the plurality of cells in the battery. The apparatus also includes a switch coupled to the primary winding of the transformer and one or more control circuits coupled to the switch. The control circuit may be configured to control the first switch based on a voltage at a first terminal of the primary winding to control transfer of power between the cell and the bus via the transformer.
Inductively coupled wireless power and data for a garment via a dongle
A system for transmission of at least power using inductive wireless coupling includes an environmentally sealed dongle and a mounting component which releasably mates with the dongle. The dongle is sized for use with one hand, and may be coupled by an umbilical to either a garment of the user or to a vehicle structure for example a seat, in which case the mounting component is coupled to the vehicle structure or to the garment respectively. The dongle and the mounting component include first and second inductive coils respectively and corresponding ferrite cores. The coils are positioned within the dongle and mounting component so that they are aligned for their inductive coupling when the dongle and mounting component are mated. The positioning and alignment of the coils provides a substantially closed magnetic path between the coils. The mounting component may be a receptacle.
Wireless power transmitter and methods for use therewith
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a wireless power transmitter that includes a coil assembly configured to transmit a power signal to a power receiving unit of at least one wireless power client. The coil assembly includes a first coil and a second coil configured to generate the power signal via a combined magnetic field. A first driver is configured to generate a first current signal on the first coil. A second driver is configured to generate a second current signal on the second coil at a first controllable phase relative to the first current signal to control the combined magnetic field. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Power feeding device, power receiving device, and wireless power feed system
A wireless power feed system with high transfer efficiency of electric power is disclosed. The wireless power feed system includes a power feeding device and a power receiving device, wherein the power feeding device includes a first electromagnetic coupling coil that is connected to an AC power source via a directional coupler; a first resonant coil; a switch connected to the opposite ends of the first resonant coil; a control circuit which conducts switching on/off of the switch based on a parameter of an amplitude of a reflective wave detected by the directional coupler; and an analog-digital converter provided between the first electromagnetic coupling coil and the control circuit; and the power receiving device includes a second resonant coil; and a second electromagnetic coupling coil, and wherein the first electromagnetic coupling coil is provided between the first resonant coil and the second resonant coil.
Wireless power supply system
A wireless power supply device, which supplies electric power to a movable body by causing an end surface of a power supply coil that is provided in an electric power supply space to face a power receiving coil that is provided in the movable body, and by electromagnetically coupling the power supply coil with the power receiving coil, includes a position setting member configured to set the end surface of the power supply coil in a vertical position in a state of not detecting entry of the movable body into the electric power supply space, and to cause a position of the end surface of the power supply coil to change from the vertical position to a horizontal position upon detecting entry of the movable body into the electric power supply space.
Wireless power transmitting apparatus and wireless power receiving apparatus
A wireless power transfer system is disclosed. A wireless power transmitting apparatus for wirelessly transmitting power to a wireless power receiving apparatus includes a transmitting coil for transmitting the power, a hall sensor for sensing a change width of flux density caused by the wireless power receiving apparatus, and a controller for comparing the sensed change width of the flux density with a predetermined critical value to determine whether to transmit the power, wherein magnets provided in the wireless power transmitting apparatus and the wireless power receiving apparatus are disposed such that polarities of the magnets are different from each other at opposite faces thereof. In the wireless power transfer system, the magnets having polarities are disposed in the wireless power transmitting apparatus and the wireless power receiving apparatus.
Wireless power control
A remote device in accordance with the present invention includes an adaptive power receiver that receives wireless power from the wireless power supply by induction. The adaptive power receiver may be switched among two or more modes of operation, including, for example, a high-Q mode and a low-Q mode. By controlling the switching between modes, the amount of energy received by the adaptive receiver may be controlled. This control is a form of adaptive resonance control or Q control.
Power quality issue mitigation through hybrid grid
The present invention relates to a circuit arrangement for mitigating power quality issues. It offers protection to sensitive devices against, for example, voltage sags and swells. The system introduces, for loads connected to an AC power source (e.g. a TV in a home connected to the power grid) a DC power source coupled to a controllable inverter and a controllable switching mechanism. By switching to a series configuration, the DC power source (e.g. a photovoltaic power source) can either draw or supply power in order to mitigate a power quality issue. In normal operation, by switching to a parallel configuration the DC power source can feed the load.
Method for controlling a power consumption of a group of a plurality of wind turbines
A method for controlling a power consumption of a group of a plurality of wind turbines, in particular of a wind park. The wind turbines are prepared for feeding electrical energy into an electrical supply network and an energy supply is offered to the wind turbines for consumption in a recurring cycle, in predetermined order successively, and subject to a total park energy supply available to the wind turbines for consumption, and the respective wind turbine reserves this or a smaller energy supply as a reference power, and subsequent wind turbines in the cycle are provided with, at most, the energy supply available to the wind park, reduced by the reference energy supply already reserved, as energy supply.
Control techniques for photovoltaic power plants
A photovoltaic power plant includes solar cells and inverters that convert direct current generated by the solar cells to alternating current. The reactive powers generated by the inverters are based on a reactive power generated by a virtual inverter. The virtual inverter has an equivalent impedance representing the impedances of the inverters in the photovoltaic power plant. The reactive power setpoints of the inverters may be received from a local interpreter. The local interpreter may generate the reactive power setpoints from a global reactive power setpoint generated by a grid controller.
Decentralized generator control
The present disclosure pertains to distributed controllers configured to control a plurality of electrical generators in an electrical generation and distribution system. In one embodiment, a distributed controller consistent with the present disclosure may include a communication subsystem configured to communicate via a network. The communication system may receive a first plurality of time-stamped electrical parameter measurements associated with a first electrical generator. A measurement analysis subsystem may detect a change caused by an event in the measurements associated with the first electrical generator, and may detect a change in a second plurality of time-stamped electrical parameter measurements associated with a second electrical generator. A magnitude of the event may be determined based on the first and second plurality of time-stamped electrical parameter measurements. A load sharing dispatch subsystem may adjust an electrical output of the second electrical generator based on the magnitude of the event.
Controlling power from cable to load
Devices (1) for controlling gates (21-24) arranged to control amounts of power to be supplied to loads (51-54) via cables (2) may comprise receivers (11) for receiving requesting signals from the gates (21-24), analyzers (12) for analyzing requests defined by the requesting signals in view of available cable power capacities, generators (13) for in response to analysis results generating instructions for the gates (21-24) and transmitters for transmitting instructing signals defining the instructions to the gates (21-24). The analyzers (12) may analyze the requests in view of load-information comprising steady-state-information/transient-state-information. The devices (1) may comprise communicators (15) for communication with auxiliary converters (31-33) coupled to auxiliary sources (41-43) such as batteries (41) and solar panels (42, 43) and may comprise predictors (16) for predicting the available cable power capacities. The improved devices (1) are no longer informed afterwards by the gates (21-24) but are informed beforehand by the gates (21-24) and control these gates (21-24) in response to the analysis results.
Electrical power supplying device having a central power-receptacle assembly with a penisula-like housing structure supplying electrical power to power plugs, adaptors and modules while concealed from view during power supplying operations
An electrical power-supplying device for supplying electrical power to a group of electrical appliances located in an environment. The electrical power supplying device includes a power supply cord for plugging into a standard power receptacle by way of a power supply plug, and supplying AC electrical power to the device. The device includes a housing base portion having a central aperture providing access to a 3D interior volume bounded by a side wall extending circumferentially about the 3D interior volume and having a capacity for holding a plurality of power adapter modules and/or power adapter blocks associated with said group of electrical appliances located in the environment. The device further includes a central power-receptacle assembly having a peninsula-like housing structure supported generally within the central portion of the housing base portion and extending above the bottom support surface within the 3D interior volume, and towards a portion of the wall of the housing base portion, and supporting a plurality of internally disposed alternating current (AC) electrical receptacles and one or more electronic circuits, including an AC-to-DC power conversion circuit, which are operably connected to the power supply cord.
Controllable electrical outlet with a controlled wired output
A controllable electrical outlet may be used to control one or more standard electrical outlets. The controllable electrical outlet may include a first connection configured to be electrically coupled to a hot connection, a second connection configured to be electrically coupled to a standard electrical outlet, and a third connection configured to be electrically coupled to a neutral connection. The controllable electrical outlet may also include a load control circuit, a communication circuit, and a control circuit. The load control circuit may be electrically coupled in series between the first and second screw terminals to control power delivered to the standard electrical outlet, and the control circuit may be coupled to the load control circuit and the communication circuit. The control circuit may be configured to control power delivered to the standard electrical outlet in response to a wireless signal received via the communication circuit.
Direct current power system
A direct current power system includes a common direct current (DC) bus configured to supply power to a plurality of loads. A plurality of alternating current (AC) to DC converter bridges supply DC power to the common CD bus. Each of the AC to DC converter bridges is connected to the common DC bus by at least one split DC link. The at least one split DC link includes a small capacitor connected across output terminals of the respective AC to DC converter bridge and at least one diode coupled between two terminals of the small capacitor and the large capacitor in a way to block an instantaneous current flow from the common DC bus to the respective AC to DC converter bridge in case of a fault of the AC to DC converter bridge.
Embedded overload protection in delta-sigma analog-to-digital converters
Delta-sigma modulators do not handle overload well, and often become unstable if the input goes beyond the full-scale range of the modulator. To provide overload protection, an improved technique embeds an overload detector in the delta sigma modulator. When an overload condition is detected, coefficient(s) of the delta sigma modulator is adjusted to accommodate for the overloaded input. The improved technique advantageously allows the delta sigma modulator to handle overload gracefully without reset, and offers greater dynamic range at reduced resolution. Furthermore, the coefficient(s) of the delta sigma modulator can be adjusted in such a way to ensure the noise transfer function is not affected.
Fault current limiter arrangement
A fault current limiter arrangement for a low, medium and high voltage electricity grid, including a fault current limiter unit which is arranged in line with a circuit breaker unit including a fixed electrical contact which is connected to a lower electrical terminal and a movable electrical contact which is connected to an upper electrical terminal, in order to interrupt the current flow after the fault current limiter unit has limited the current flow in a detected fault event. The fault current limiter unit includes a movable electrical sliding contact part which is electrically arranged between the upper electrical terminal of the circuit breaker unit and the movable electrical contact of the circuit breaker unit, and which is movable between a short circuit position adjacent to the upper electrical terminal and a remote position far from the upper electrical terminal for providing a maximum electrical resistance for the current flow.
Waterproof structure for portable terminal
A waterproof structure for a portable terminal including a flexible printed circuit (FPC) extending outside of a first housing of a pair of housings from inside the first housing and arranged inside of a second housing of the pair of housings. A wiring hole is formed in each housing to provide a path allowing passage of the FPC therethrough. A waterproof member provided in the wiring hole substantially contacts at least inner walls of the housings and an outer circumferential surface of the FPC to prevent movement of the FPC. An outer circumferential surface of the waterproof member substantially contacts a circumference of an inlet of the wiring hole or an inner wall of the wiring hole. The waterproof member is provided between the housing of the portable terminal and the FPC improving a waterproof function and preventing moisture or water from being introduced into the housing of the terminal.
Methods for diverting lightning current from skin fasteners in composite, non-metallic structures
A multilayer composite structure with integrated fastener-to-conductive layer surface lightning protection interconnection employs a conductive layer with an inner surface and a plurality of chamfered recesses forming countersinks in an outer surface. A carbon-fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) composite layer is disposed on the inner surface of the conductive layer and conforms to the surface shape. A plurality of holes extend through the plurality of chamfered recesses in the conductive layer and the adjoining CFRP composite layer in a manner such that the conductive layer defines a countersink portion extending into the openings of the plurality of holes. The chamfered recesses in the conductive layer provides an electrically conductive surface area that contacts conductive countersunk fasteners installed within the plurality of holes to enable current sharing between groups of neighboring fasteners.
Floor box assembly with retainer
A floor box assembly includes a floor box and at least one retainer coupled to the floor box. The floor box includes an outer wall extending along a longitudinal axis, and the outer wall includes a first end and a second end. The first end is configured to be coupled to an electrical receptacle. The floor box is configured to receive at least one cable in electrical communication with the receptacle. The at least one retainer permits the floor box to be inserted into a hole in a first direction along the longitudinal axis and secures the floor box against movement in a second direction opposite the first direction.
Cable stripping tool
The invention relates to a cable stripping tool (1). A cable stripping unit (5) is built with two cable stripping jaws (6, 7). The cable stripping jaws (6, 7) are pivoted towards each other in a pivot plane (9) during a cutting stroke. During a subsequent cable stripping stroke the cutting jaws (6, 7) are moved along a cable stripping axis (15). A mounting axis (58, 59) has an orientation vertical to the pivot plane (9). A cutting element (10, 11) is detachably mounted along the mounting axis (58, 59) with the cable stripping jaw (6, 7). Outside from an exchange position the cutting element (10, 11) is blocked against the removal along the mounting axis (58, 59). The exchange position is induced by the drive (16) of the cable stripping tool (1). In the exchange position the cutting element (10, 11) is freed with respect to a movement along the mounting axis (58, 59) so that demounting of the cutting element (10, 11) and mounting of a new cutting element (10, 11) is possible.
Circuit breaker positioning system and method for connection and disconnection thereof
The present disclosure relates to a circuit breaker positioning system and method including a circuit breaker casing and circuit breaker cell for connecting and disconnecting a circuit breaker to an external electrical circuit. The circuit breaker positioning system includes a motion system for receiving a rotational force from an external source and translating the rotational force into a displacement of the casing relative to the cell.
Spark plug connector and interference-suppression resistor for an ignition system
Described is a spark plug connector having an interference-suppression resistor which has a wire winding on a coil body. According to this disclosure, it is provided that the coil body carries an electrical resistor that contacts the wire winding and is connected in parallel thereto. In addition, an interference-suppression resistor for an ignition system of an internal combustion engine is described.
Semiconductor optical device
A semiconductor optical device includes an active layer, the active layer including a plurality of quantum well layers having gain peak wavelengths different from one another in a layering direction thereof, and a plurality of barrier layers, wherein the quantum well layers and the barrier layers are alternately layered over each other, and an n-type dopant has been added in the plurality of quantum well layers having gain peak wavelengths different from one another and in the plurality of barrier layers.
Broadband tunable external-cavity laser using small MEMS mirror
A Raman pump laser control apparatus comprises a wavelength division multiplexer, a tap coupler, a photoelectric detector, an analog amplification processing circuit, an analog-to-digital converter, a fast Raman pump control unit, an digital-analog converter, and a Raman pump laser. The fast Raman pump control unit, after having known anticipated output light power of the Raman pump laser, based on a direct relationship between a current anticipated output light power of the Raman pump laser and input digital quantity that is needed by the digital-analog converter, uses a feedforward control mechanism so that actual output light power of the Raman pump laser fastly approximates the anticipated output light power thereof, and then synchronously combines with a feedback control mechanism so that the actual output light power of the Raman pump laser is precisely locked on the anticipated output light power, thereby achieving fast and precise control of the Raman pump laser.
Diode laser type device
Semiconductor laser with mirror facet protection against degradation including a modified segment near the exit window that has a double waveguide with a reduced confinement factor compared with the confinement factor of the double waveguide of the main laser segment, such that the radiation at the exit facet in the modified double waveguide is pushed away from the active region, less radiation is absorbed at the facet and less heat is produced by nonradiative recombination at the exit facet, while the field distribution of the two double waveguides have a good overlap and low transfer losses due to the use of waveguide type structures with an active waveguide and a passive trapping waveguide.
Highly efficient, single-pass, harmonic generator with round output beam
An extra cavity harmonic generator system may produce a round, non-astigmatic third harmonic output beam from a nominally round, non-astigmatic, diffraction limited input fundamental beam. The system may include a second harmonic generation crystal. An input fundamental beam size is expanded in a non-walkoff direction for the SHG crystal at the SHG crystal input face. A higher harmonic generation crystal has an output face oriented at an oblique angle of incidence in a non-walkoff direction for the HHG crystal such that an output higher harmonic beam size is contracted in this direction. Expansion of the input fundamental beam at the SHG crystal input face exceeds reduction of third harmonic beam at the HHG crystal output face.
Systems and methods for implementing an electrical rotary joint in a large-diameter system using small-diameter capsule slip rings
A system for implementing an electrical rotary joint in a large-diameter system using relatively small-diameter capsule slip rings is described herein. The system includes a system rotor that rotates about a system axis of rotation, and a system stator that is stationary with respect to the system rotor. The system also includes at least one conductive contact channel disposed on one of the system rotor and the system stator. The system further includes at least one capsule slip ring (CSR) coupled to the other of the system rotor and the system stator. The at least one CSR has a conductive annular element coupled thereto, the conductive annular element in mechanical contact with the at least one conductive contact channel such that the at least one CSR forms an electrical rotary joint between the system rotor and the system stator.
Height-adjustable table with flexible electrical power distribution cable
A height-adjustable table comprising a worktop having a top surface, a bottom surface, a first end and an opposite second end. The table has a first adjustable leg having an upper end and a lower end wherein the upper end is attached to the bottom surface of the worktop, a first base member attached to the lower end of the first adjustable leg, a second adjustable leg having an upper end and a lower end wherein the upper end of the second adjustable leg is attached to the bottom surface of the worktop, and a second base member attached to the lower end of the second adjustable leg. The adjustable legs allow the height of the worktop to be increased or decreased. The table has an electrical power center attached to the bottom surface of the worktop. The electrical power center moves with the worktop as the height of the worktop is adjusted. The power center has a housing, a pair of electrical interface connectors mounted to the housing and electrically connected to each other, and at least one electrical power source receptacle that is electrically connected to the pair of electrical interface connectors. The table also has a first power cable having first and second electrical interface connectors, wherein the first electrical interface connector of the first power cable is electrically connected to one of the pair of the electrical interface connectors of the power center. The table also has a first bracket attached to the bottom surface of the worktop. The first bracket secures the second electrical interface connector of the first power cable to the bottom surface of the worktop. The table includes a second power cable having first and second electrical interface connectors. The first electrical interface connector of the second power cable is electrically connected to the other one of the pair of electrical interface connectors of the power center. The table also includes a second bracket attached to the bottom surface of the worktop. The second bracket secures the second electrical interface connector of the second power cable to the bottom surface of the worktop.
Powered tree construction
A power transfer system to facilitate the transfer of electrical power between tree trunk sections of an artificial tree is disclosed. The power transfer system can advantageously enable neighboring tree trunk sections to be electrically connected without the need to rotationally align the tree trunk sections. Power distribution subsystems can be disposed within the trunk sections. The power distribution subsystems can comprise a male end, a female end, or both. The male ends can have prongs and the female ends can have voids. The prongs can be inserted into the voids to electrically connect the power distribution subsystems of neighboring tree trunk sections. In some embodiments, the prongs and voids are designed so that the prongs of one power distribution subsystem can engage the voids of another power distribution subsystem without the need to rotationally align the tree trunk sections.
Coaxial cable connector with integral RFI protection
A coaxial cable connector for coupling an end of a coaxial cable to a terminal is disclosed. The connector has a coupler adapted to couple the connector to a terminal, a body assembled with the coupler and a post assembled with the coupler and the body. The post is adapted to receive an end of a coaxial cable. The post has an integral contacting portion that is monolithic with at least a portion of the post. When assembled the coupler and post provide at least one circuitous path resulting in RF shielding such that RF signals external to the coaxial cable connector are attenuated, such that the integrity of an electrical signal transmitted through coaxial cable connector is maintained regardless of the tightness of the coupling of the connector to the terminal.
Lightning arrestor connector with mesh dielectric structure
A dielectric barrier for use with a lightning arrestor connector comprises a plurality of physically connected cells defining a hollow, tubular side wall, with each cell including a frame formed from dielectric material and an aperture that creates a void within the frame. The dielectric barrier is configured to be positioned between an inner conductor and an outer conductor and provides a low resistance path from one conductor to the other conductor when the voltage between the two conductors exceeds a threshold value.
Limited power outlet with changeable protective bezel
A jack receptacle for a plug connector is configured with a receptacle profile having one or more keying features disposed on a removable bezel which correspond to complementary keying features formed on a plug connector. The jack receptacle with removable keyed bezel can be configured to allow only plug connectors with the corresponding keying features to mate therewith, while preventing plugs without the corresponding keying features from mating. These features can prevent non-certified devices from being plugged into a power-delivering data circuit, and also permit the keying of receptacles with removable bezels based on ratings for transmission of different power levels. Other embodiments of the keyed jack receptacle can be configured to allow both plug connectors with the corresponding keying features and plug connectors without the corresponding keying features from mating therewith. This provides a means to migrate specific circuits within the system to limited power usage.
Connector with wire cover
A connector (10) includes a housing (20) having a wire pull-out surface (27), and wires (500) are pulled out from the wire pull-out surface (27). The housing (20) also has an outer peripheral surface (28) arranged to intersect with the wire pull-out surface (27). A wire cover (60), including a cover main body (61), is mounted on the housing (20) and is arranged to cover the wire pull-out surface (27) of the housing (20) while having the wires (500) arranged inside. A fitting tube (63) is connected integrally to the cover main body (61). The fitting tube (63) covers the outer peripheral surface (28) of the housing (20) and is held in a state where rotation about an axis extending in a fitting direction of the fitting tube (63) is regulated.
Connector assembly capable of preventing damage to cable
A connector assembly that prevents damage to a cable is provided. The connector assembly includes an inserting aperture that is disposed on one side of a housing of an electronic power element and a female connector that is connected to an embedded cable disposed within the housing and detachably mounted in the inserting aperture. Further, a male connector connects the embedded cable to an external cable when coupled with the female connector.
Environmentally sealed plug-in connector housing
The invention relates to an environmentally sealed plug-in connector housing formed from a base body (2) having a fastening flange (10) molded thereon. The fastening flange (10) is associated with a sealing element (20) that is compressed in a sealing manner between the fastening flange (10) and an assembly surface (3). In order to ensure the sealing of fastening bores (11) provided in the fastening flange (10), sealing sleeves (21) are molded onto the sealing element (20), which sealing sleeves extend into the fastening bores (11) and at least completely pass through the latter. A fastening screw inserted into a fastening bore (11) can in this way seal with its screw head the fastening bore (11) by means of the sealing sleeve (21) that is compressed by the screw head.
An electrical connection component that is suitable for transmission of power with voltage levels greater than or equal to 1 kV and comprises a housing having an internal region, and having a machine cable end, a connection end, an electrical contact assembly, at least a portion of which is arranged at the connection end of the housing, the electrical contact assembly being arranged for electrically coupling with a further electrical contact assembly of another electrical connection component. The electrical connection component also comprises a removable member disposed at least partially within the housing at the connection end to provide a closure of an end portion of the housing to reduce contamination of the internal region. The housing and the removable member are arranged such that at least a portion of the internal region can be inspected when the removable member has been at least partially removed from the housing.
A terminal module A includes a plurality of terminal fittings (30) each including a horizontal plate-like connecting portion (31) and a wire connecting portion (35) extending rearward from the plate-like connecting portion (31), a locking wall (38) rising from a front end edge of the plate-like connecting portion (31) and including a locking hole (42), and an insulating case (10) including accommodating portions (11) configured to individually accommodate the plurality of terminal fittings (30). Each accommodating portion (11) includes a receiving portion (23) configured such that a wire connecting portion (35) is to be placed thereon, a front panel (13) facing the locking wall (38), a locking projection (16) formed on the front panel (13) so that a locking hole (42) is to be locked thereto, and a support (22) facing the plate-like connecting portion (31) from behind.
Pressure contact type connector and manufacturing method of the same
A pressure contact type connector includes: an upper flat plate portion; a lower flat plate portion which is disposed below the upper flat plate portion; a first spring portion which connects the upper and lower flat plate portions; and a second spring portion which extends upward from the lower flat plate portion and applies a resilient force to the upper flat plate portion, in which the first and second spring portions are wound about the upper flat plate portion when viewed from above in a plan view, and extend so that the spring portions do not interfere with each other when being compressed and extended in the vertical direction, the first spring portion is formed to be bent so that a width dimension is larger than a thickness dimension, and the second spring portion is formed to be bent so that a width dimension is larger than a thickness dimension.
Micro plug connector including an anti-bending protrusion
A micro plug connector has an insulative housing with multiple mounting holes, multiple terminals respectively mounted in the mounting holes, and a shielding shell covering the insulative housing and the terminals. Each terminal has a mounting section mounted in the insulative housing, a welding section protruding backward from a rear end of the mounting section and protruding out of a rear portion of the insulative housing, and an electrical connection section protruding forward from a front end of the mounting section and partially exposed out of a corresponding one of the mounting holes. Each of at least one of the terminals has an anti-bending protrusion abutting against an inner top surface defined in the corresponding one of the mounting holes. The anti-bending protrusion prevents a distal end of the electrical connection section of the terminal from bending up and contacting the shielding shell by accident.
Electrical connector assembly having a small-sized electrical connector
An electrical connector assembly includes an electrical connector, a printed circuit board, and an electrical device. The electrical connector includes an insulative housing defining a tongue portion, a number of first contacts and second contacts, and a shielding shell. The tongue portion has an exposed part exposed from a front edge of the shielding shell to receive in a mating hole of the electrical device. The electrical device has an installing portion assembling the electrical connector. The electrical connector is mated with a mating connector through the mating hole, the exposed part of the tongue portion is received in the mating hole of electrical device, and the electrical connector except the exposed part is exposed our of the installing portion of the electrical device.
The invention relates to a module interface with a device-side connector provided on an electronic module with a number of contact elements. They are designed to form a plug-type connection with several corresponding plug-type connectors with different numbers of contact elements.
Lighted electrical connector housing
A cover assembly for an electrical connector at the end of a sheathed cable containing several insulated wires. An insulation piercing clip couples light bulb leads to the wires. A translucent housing encloses the light bulb, said insulation piercing clip, the entire section of unsheathed insulated wires, a portion of the electrical connector and a portion of the sheathed cable. The cover assembly is illuminated by the light bulb when power flows through the electrical connector and may be color coded to indicate connector function.
Multi-sector directive antenna
The present invention relates to an antenna able to cover two opposite angular sectors comprising: first and second excited elements (10,11) each able to radiate a signal beam at a predetermined frequency, at least two reflector elements (20,21,22,23), called first and second reflector elements, able to reflect said beams in opposite directions. According to the invention, said first and second excited elements (10,11) and said at least two reflector elements (20,21,22,23) are aligned, said reflector elements being disposed between said first and second excited elements. At least two reflector elements from among said at least two reflector elements (20,21,22,23) are connected together electrically by a first transmission line (30) of predetermined length so that the reflector elements connected together participate jointly in reflecting the beams in the two opposite directions.
Distributed omni-dual-band antenna system for a Wi-Fi access point
A distributed broadband, omni-dual-band monopole antenna system for use in a Wi-Fi access point. The distributed omni-dual-band antenna system may include an antenna array that includes 4, 6, or 8 monopole antennas arranged in a circular array fashion along the perimeter of the access point. Each monopole antenna may be associated with a single Wi-Fi radio of the access point, and each of the antennas for the different radios are interleaved in order to provide omni-coverage with minimal distortion; that is, each antenna of the access point is alternated with antennas for different radios. A broadband printed omni-dual-band monopole antenna comprising three horizontal radiating elements arranged in an S-shape and a single vertical radiating element connected to the bottom-most horizontal radiating element is also disclosed.
RF module with integrated waveguide and attached antenna elements and method for fabrication
A radio frequency (RF) module may comprise: (a) a substrate including a plurality of integral waveguides formed therein, each of the plurality of waveguides orthogonally-oriented with respect to the one or more adjacent waveguides; and (b) a plurality of antenna radiator elements attached to the dielectric substrate and oriented such that a pair of antenna radiator elements is electrically coupled to each waveguide. Each of the integral waveguides is electrically coupled to electrical circuitry of the RF module.
Antenna apparatus and radar apparatus
According to one embodiment, an antenna apparatus includes a waveguide is formed one or more first array elements and one or more second array element, each of the one or more first array elements being formed at a position where a coupling power ratio is no less than a threshold and including a first slot and at least one reflection suppressing element which suppresses a reflection from the first slot, each of the one or more second array elements being formed at a position where the coupling power ratio is less than the threshold and including a second slot and a third slot, the coupling power ratio indicating a ratio of an electric power supplied to each of the first and second array element to an electric power of electromagnetic wave radiated from the each of the first and second array element.
Segmented variable-configuration radio antenna
A segmented radio antenna that uses electrically conductive quick connect/disconnect devices between segments to accomplish a conversion from efficiency on one band to efficiency on another band AND/OR to convert quickly and easy between center-fed and end-fed (or a variety of feed-point configurations).The innovative use of flexible wire segments and connectors reduces the overall weight and cost of the antenna when compared to the use of traps or telescoping antennas.
Method and apparatus for modifying a reconfiguration algorithm for an antenna system
A method and apparatus for improving a performance of an antenna system. An influence network is generated for an array of elements in the antenna system using a reconfiguration algorithm. The influence network indicates an influence of an undesired event occurring at any element in the array of elements on a remaining portion of the array of elements given a current state of the array of elements. A relative ranking of vulnerability is created for elements in the array of elements based on the influence network. The reconfiguration algorithm is modified to take into account the relative ranking of vulnerability to form a modified reconfiguration algorithm. The antenna system using the modified reconfiguration algorithm to compensate for undesired events improves the performance of the antenna system.
Ring antenna array element with mode suppression structure
A radio frequency (RF) circuit for a ring antenna array element includes first and second feed elements, and a conductive element disposed between the first and second feed elements. The first and second feed elements are electrically couplable to a conductive resonator for a frequency band. The first feed element is configured to conduct an electromagnetic current. The conductive element is configured to resonate outside the frequency band to reduce cross-coupling between the first feed element and the second feed element due to the electromagnetic current.
Flush-mounted antenna cover
An antenna cover has a plate with a top surface and outer perimetric edge, and a housing affixed to or integrally formed with the plate. The housing extends downwardly from an underside of the plate. The housing is positioned within the outer perimetric edge. The housing is adapted to receive an antenna therein. The plate is formed of a radio-frequency transmissive material. The top surface of the plate taper slightly upwardly from the outer perimetric edge. The housing has a generally rectangular configuration with an open bottom. The plate is formed of a material such as an acetyl copolymer, and acetyl homopolymer and, or a polyester-reinforced thermoplastic.
Antenna built-in portable device
A wrist device, which is an antenna built-in portable device, includes an armor case including an opening at least on the front surface side, glass that closes the opening, a metal bezel attached to the front surface of the armor case and arranged around the glass, and an antenna arranged in a space on the inner side of the armor case. The antenna is a planar antenna, a maximum radiation direction of which is arranged to be directed toward the outer side of the bezel crossing the thickness direction of the armor case. The antenna is arranged in a position not overlapping the bezel in the maximum radiation direction of the antenna. At least a part of the antenna overlaps at least a part of the bezel in the thickness direction of the armor case.
Antenna system for a large appliance
An antenna system for a large appliance is disclosed herein. The antenna system comprises a large appliance having a front surface and a rear surface, a first antenna mounted on the rear surface, a second antenna mounted on the rear surface, a combiner in communication with the first antenna and the second antenna, a radio, a processor, and a wireless access point. The combiner selects the strongest signal of the first antenna and the second antenna to receive a wireless signal from the wireless access point.
Excitation and use of guided surface wave modes on lossy media
Disclosed are various embodiments for transmitting energy conveyed in the form of a guided surface-waveguide mode along the surface of a terrestrial medium by exciting a polyphase waveguide probe.
Waveguide assembly having a plurality of dielectric waveguides separated by a shield
A waveguide assembly for propagating electromagnetic signals includes first and second dielectric waveguides and a shield. Each of the first and second dielectric waveguides includes a cladding formed of a first dielectric material. The cladding defines a core region therethrough that is filled with a second dielectric material different than the first dielectric material. The shield is disposed between the first dielectric waveguide and the second dielectric waveguide. The shield is electrically conductive. The shield does not surround an entire perimeter of either of the first dielectric waveguide or the second dielectric waveguide.
Method and apparatus for exchanging communication signals
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, detecting an environmental condition that can adversely affect operations of a waveguide system for transmitting or receiving electromagnetic waves guided by a transmission medium, and enabling a heater system to mitigate an effect of the environmental condition on the operations of the waveguide system for transmitting or receiving the electromagnetic waves. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Usage of regenerative brake power for system restart in start-stop operation of fuel cell hybrid vehicles
A system and method are disclosed for using regenerative braking power to start a fuel cell stack for system restart during a start/stop operation of a fuel cell hybrid vehicle. The method includes disconnecting the fuel cell stack from a high voltage bus for the start/stop operation and using regenerative braking power provided by an electric traction system to recharge a battery in the hybrid vehicle during the start/stop operation. The method also includes reconnecting the fuel cell stack to the high voltage bus and providing at least some of the regenerative braking power from the electric traction system to a compressor that provides cathode air to the fuel cell stack when the stack is reconnected to the high voltage bus at the end of the start/stop operation. A bi-directional DC converter selectively distributes the power to the compressor and the battery.
Battery block and battery module having same
The present invention addresses the problem of obtaining a battery capable of achieving a uniform temperature among a plurality of battery cells in a simple configuration while achieving size and weight reductions, and a battery module using the battery block. The battery block of the present invention has a structure such that a pair of end plates is disposed at both ends of a plurality of battery cells in an arranged direction; first spacers are disposed between the plurality of battery cells; and second spacers are disposed between the battery cells and the end plates. The first spacers have a space for allowing a flow of cooling gas. The second spacers block the flow of the cooling gas between the battery cells and the end plates and have a thermal insulating property for suppressing heat transmission between the battery cells and the end plates.
Battery pack with heat sink
A battery pack including a housing including an inner cavity and an interface for receiving a power tool. The interface includes electrical terminals operable to interface with the power tool. Battery cells are positioned within the cavity and are electrically coupled to the electrical terminals. The battery pack also includes at least a portion of the housing that is configured as a heat sink to passively dissipate heat generated in the cavity to an external environment of the battery pack.
Apparatus and method for intelligent battery optimization and equalization management system
An intelligent battery optimization management and equalization system that also monitors all cells within a battery. The system will ensure all cells are charged to maximum capacity, discharges the full capacity of each cell, perform equalization of charges between all the cells, manages and monitors each cell within a battery pack.
Link for battery power transfer between portable electronic devices
A system and method for transferring battery power transfer between portable electronic devices is disclosed. Specifically, a battery to battery transfer system and method is disclosed, in which a first portable electronic device comprising a first battery and a second portable electronic device and a second portable electronic device comprising a second battery are connected by a connecting device capable of attaching both portable electronic devices and transferring power from the first battery to the second battery. Furthermore, first electronic device is capable of outputting power from the first battery.
Electrolyte and secondary battery
Secondary batteries capable of improving cycle characteristics are provided. The secondary battery includes a cathode, an anode, and an electrolytic solution. A separator provided between the cathode and the anode is impregnated with the electrolytic solution. The electrolytic solution contains a solvent and an electrolyte salt. The solvent contains a cyclic compound having a disulfonic acid anhydride group (—S(═O)2-O—S(═O)2-) and at least one of a nitrile compound. Compared to a case that the solvent does not contain both the cyclic compound having the disulfonic acid anhydride group and succinonitrile or a case that that the solvent contains at least one thereof, chemical stability of the electrolytic solution is improved. Thus, even if charge and discharge are repeated, electrolytic solution decomposition is inhibited.
Secondary battery, battery pack, electric vehicle, electric power storage system, electric power tool, and electronic apparatus
A secondary battery includes: a cathode; an anode; and an electrolyte layer containing a nonaqueous electrolytic solution and a polymer compound, wherein the polymer compound contains a block copolymer, and the block copolymer contains vinylidene fluoride, hexafluoro propylene, and one or more of monomethyl maleate, trifluoroethylene, and chlorotrifluoroethylene as polymerization units.
Interpenetrating network of anion-exchange polymers, production method thereof and use of same
The invention relates to a method for producing an anion-exchange polymer material having an IPN or semi-IPN structure, said method consisting in: (A) preparing a homogeneous reaction solution containing, in a suitable organic solvent, (a) at least one organic polymer bearing reactive halogen groups, (b) at least one tertiary diamine, (c) at least one monomer comprising an ethylenic unsaturation polymerizable by free radical polymerization, (d) optionally at least one cross-linking agent including at least two ethylenic unsaturations polymerizable by free radical polymerization, and e) at least one free radical polymerization initiator; and (B) heating the prepared solution to a temperature and for a duration that are sufficient to allow both a nucleophilic substitution reaction between components (a) and (b) and a free radical copolymerization reaction of components (c) and optionally (d) initiated by component (e). The invention also relates to the resulting IPN or semi-IPN material and to the use thereof in electrochemical devices, in direct contact with an air electrode.
Device for decreasing hydrogen concentration of fuel cell system
A device for decreasing hydrogen concentration of a fuel cell system is installed in an exhaust system of a fuel cell system so as to discharge exhaust gas including hydrogen and air from fuel cells to the atmosphere through an exhaust line. The device includes: a catalyst diluter that includes catalysts for diluting hydrogen in the exhaust gas by generating a catalytic reaction, the catalyst diluter being connected to the exhaust line; and an air diluter that is disposed outside the catalyst diluter and guides external air to a gas exit side of the catalyst diluter, in which the catalyst diluter may include a valve unit that opens and closes an external air channel of the air diluter in accordance with flow pressure of the exhaust gas.
Method and apparatus for controlling fuel concentration of liquid fuel cell by sensor-less and voltage amplitude-control based feed-back control, and liquid fuel cell apparatus using the same
Disclosed is an apparatus for controlling a fuel concentration of a liquid fuel cell apparatus by voltage amplitude control-based feed-back control without using a concentration sensor, which saves power consumed by the fuel cell apparatus and lowers a price of the fuel cell apparatus by using the fuel cell in a simple and small design without using a concentration sensor.
Dynamic decompression control for high pressure seals
The present disclosure is directed to a method and system for dynamically controlling seal decompression. The method includes monitoring a set of parameters associated with an operation of a seal, wherein the set of parameters includes a maximum pressure subjected to the seal and an exposure time at the maximum pressure, calculating a target pressure ramp down rate based on at least one of the maximum pressure and the exposure time, and decreasing a pressure about the seal at a decompression rate that is based on the target pressure ramp down rate. The system includes a controller having a memory device, a graphical user interface, at least one pressure transmitter configured to monitor the pressure about the seal, and a processor, wherein the processor is configured to detect a maximum exposure pressure and exposure time at maximum pressure about the seal and control a pressure ramp down about the seal based on the maximum exposure pressure and the exposure time detected in order to prevent explosive decompression of the seal.
Fuel cell system with partial recycling of anode exhaust
A method of operating a fuel cell system includes providing a fuel inlet stream into a fuel cell stack, operating the fuel cell stack to generate electricity and a hydrogen containing fuel exhaust stream having a temperature above 200 C, lowering a temperature of the fuel exhaust stream to 200 C or less, separating the fuel exhaust stream into a first separated fuel exhaust stream and a second separated fuel exhaust stream, and recycling the first separated fuel exhaust stream into the fuel inlet stream.
Apparatus and method for producing fuel cell separator assembly
A manufacturing method for manufacturing a fuel cell separator assembly includes a joining step for bringing opposing projections of uneven portions of separators into contact with each other through use of pressing members to join the projections through use of a welding robot. In the joining step, an elastic member is interposed between the pressing members and at least one of first and second separators so that a pressing force from the pressing members is imparted to the first and second separators. In this way, the opposing projections are brought into contact with each other by elastic deformation of the elastic member.
Catalyzed, high energy density, metal-air battery
An air-cathode battery includes a porous cathode current collector with an air interface, an ionic liquid electrolyte disposed in pores of the porous cathode current collector; a metal anode, and a separator in contact with the ionic liquid electrolyte and coupled between the porous cathode current collector and the metal anode. The porous cathode current collector is an ionogel formed from a silica sol-gel or a carbonized resorcinol-formaldehyde aerogel and the pores are functionalized with a thiol group-containing species that is functionalized with one or more catalytic nanoparticles or the pores are electroplated with catalytic metal.
Organic active materials for rechargeable battery
An organic active material, having good energy density and electrochemical stability, for use in an electrochemical cell is disclosed. Electrochemical cells that employ the organic active material are also disclosed. The organic active material is a bridged-ring organic molecule having a nitroxy moiety, the nitroxy moiety being capable of two-electron oxidation/reduction through three distinct redox states. In different implementations, the organic active material can be incorporated in a solid electrode or can be employed as a fluid active material such as is useful for a flow cell. In different variations, the organic active material can be employed as a cathodic active material or as an anodic active material.
Cathode active material comprising lithium manganese oxide capable of providing excellent charge-discharge characteristics at 3V region as well as 4V region
Disclosed herein is a cathode active material including a lithium manganese oxide, in which the lithium manganese oxide has a spinel structure with a predetermined constitutional composition represented by Formula 1 described in the detailed description, wherein a conductive material is applied to the surface of lithium manganese oxide particles, so as to exhibit charge-discharge properties in the range of 2.5 to 3.5V as well as in the 4V region.