Temperature adjusting apparatus for server and method thereof
A temperature adjusting apparatus for a server and a temperature adjusting method thereof are provided. Rotation speeds and rotation directions of fans are controlled according to sensing results of temperature sensors, so as to adjust temperatures of server units by heat generated from the server units during operation.
Electronic apparatus having a cooling apparatus
According to an example, a cooling system includes a cooling fluid reservoir, a cooling apparatus in fluid communication with the cooling fluid reservoir, a chamber having a side in thermal contact with a portion of the heat generating component, in which cooling fluid delivered by the cooling apparatus is to be heated through receipt of heat from the heat generating component, a cooling plate positioned at a distance and separated from the chamber, and a cooling fluid tube connecting the chamber and the cooling plate, in which the heated cooling fluid is to flow through the cooling fluid tube to the cooling plate. The cooling plate is also to be in thermal contact with a heat exchanger that that is to remove heat from the cooling fluid.
Locally enhanced direct liquid cooling system for high power applications
The present invention discloses a fluid cooling assembly which facilitates turbulent flow inside the assembly so as to achieve better heat dissipating effect. The cooling assembly comprises an enclosed chamber with an inlet and an outlet for fluid to pass through; together with a heat spreader; a plurality of micropillars and a plurality of heat dissipating fins installed inside the assembly. When fluid flows through the chamber, these elements in combination are adapted to create an enhanced turbulent flow upon the fluid so as to effectively dissipate heat from said heat spreader through the fluid.
Hinge device and display apparatus with a hinge device using a sliding position
A display apparatus which enables a display to rotate with a tilting angle across a large range is provided. This allows a user to, conveniently use the display apparatus in order to enable quality of use to be improved during a tilting operation, and slim and elegant appearance to be implemented. The display apparatus includes a display configured to display an image on the front surface, a stand supporting the display, and a hinge device connecting the display to the stand such that the display may be tilted, wherein the hinge device includes a guide member formed on a rear surface of the display, a latch fixed to the stand and to slide along the guide member when the display is tilted, and a fixing member fixing the display not to move when an external force applied to the display is removed.
A display apparatus includes a display panel displaying an image, a mold frame disposed under the display panel to support the display panel and a lower receiving container receiving the display panel and the mold frame and having an opening portion, a bottom portion having a chamfered portion that at least one of a corner of the opening portion is chamfered, a side wall extended from the bottom portion to an upper direction and an engaging portion extended from the side wall to be protruded to an outside direction.
Manufacturing method for electronic device
A manufacturing method for an electronic device according to the present disclosure includes (i) forming an insulating film on a surface of a cylinder, (ii) forming the insulating film having a via hole on the surface of the cylinder by pressing a relief member against the insulating film to remove a portion of the insulating film facing a protrusion of the relief member, and (iii) providing a precursor of an insulating layer having the via hole filled with conductive ink on a wiring substrate, wherein the via hole faces a wiring of the wiring substrate.
Circuit-and-heat-dissipation assembly and method of making the same
A circuit-and-heat-dissipation assembly includes: a heat sink including a heat absorbing base and a heat dissipating element, the heat absorbing base having a circuit-forming surface and an element-forming surface, the heat dissipating element protruding from the element-forming surface for dissipating heat conducted from the heat absorbing base into an ambient environment; an insulator layer formed on the circuit-forming surface; and a patterned circuit formed on the insulator layer.
Via adding method
A via adding method comprising: identifying a target area where a via is to be added in a printed circuit board; determining a starting point for starting a search for a location of the via in the target area; and moving a search point along a path in an intersecting direction that intersects a radial direction around the starting point while moving the search point in the radial direction and determining whether the via is to be added at a moved search point.
Electronic circuit device and method for manufacturing same
An electronic circuit device which forms a parting line preventing the penetration of moisture into a connector and a manufacturing method thereof are provided. The electronic, circuit device (1) includes resin sealing members (6, 7) that seal a circuit substrate (2) having electronic components (4) mounted and a terminal section (5) formed at one end portion. The resin sealing member (6) includes a parting line (9) formed extending around an axis of an insertion direction of the terminal section (5). The electronic circuit device (1) is manufactured using a metal mold apparatus (21) formed by an upper die (22) including a first hollow portion (24) having a shape following the external appearance of a half part (6) of the resin sealing member and a lower die (23) including a second hollow portion (27) having a shape following the external appearance of a half part (7) of the resin sealing member.
Integrated circuit chip packaging
An electrical circuit device that includes a circuit board with an integrated circuit chip in a cavity that extends from a surface of the circuit board to an embedded conductor, and an electrical connection between the integrated circuit chip and the embedded conductor.
Device components with surface-embedded additives and related manufacturing methods
Active or functional additives are embedded into surfaces of host materials for use as components in a variety of electronic or optoelectronic devices, including solar devices, smart windows, displays, and so forth. Resulting surface-embedded device components provide improved performance, as well as cost benefits arising from their compositions and manufacturing processes.
Ceramic insulator for electronic packaging and method for fabricating the same
The present invention discloses a ceramic insulator for electronic packaging and a method for fabricating the same, and relates to a technical field of outer shell packaging of electronic devices. Under the circumstance of using neither a chemical coating nor any bonding wire connection circuit, through a design that builds a electroplated circuit into the ceramic insulator, the method accomplishes coating of a nickel alloy protection layer onto a porcelain by an electroplating method, so that not only quality of a coating layer but also requirement of a complete appearance can be ensured. All circuits of the ceramic insulator fabricated by the aforesaid method can conduct with external circuits, such that the electroplating method can be used to accomplish coating of the nickel alloy layer, after accomplishment of all metal coating, metallization parts on an end surface of the porcelain is removed.
Patterned metallization handle layer for controlled spalling
A handle substrate having at least one metallization region is provided on a stressor layer that is located above a base substrate such that the at least one metallization region is in contact with a surface of the stressor layer. An upper portion of the base substrate is spalled, i.e., removed, to provide a structure comprising, from bottom to top, a spalled material portion of the base substrate, the stressor layer and the handle substrate containing the at least one metallization region in contact with the surface of the stressor layer.
Reactive-species supply device and surface treatment apparatus
A reactive-species supply device is configured to supply a treatment gas to an electric discharge space, for thereby supplying at least a reactive species formed in a plasma, to an object. The reactive-species supply device includes (a) at least one pair of electrodes configured to form the electric discharge space and (b) an electrode protection device configured to protect the electrodes from the treatment gas. Also disclosed is a surface treatment apparatus that includes the reactive-species supply device.
Dynamically optimized ballast
A dynamically optimized ballast includes a ballast and a circuit board as main components combined together. Said circuit board is provided with a microcontroller, a timer and a current-switching device; wherein said microcontroller is provided with a timed step-up module which can start the timer and maintain a low current output to HID lamp at the time the circuit board is powered, and the timer will transmit a signal to the microcontroller to start the current-switching device and automatically switch to a high current output to HID lamp when a preset time of the timer has been reached. So that this invention can protect HID lamp and extend the service life of HID lamp, even the HID lamp pulsing for a long time, the power source repeated power supply and power out will not cause great damage to HID lamp and it will not be out of function. Besides, this invention enables user to reduce the brightness of HID lamp to reduce the loss of electric power and the deterioration of HID lamp.
Light bulb, intelligent lighting device and method and system for use in configuring same
An intelligent light bulb is provided as well as a method, devices and computer program product of configuring such an intelligent light bulb. The intelligent light bulb comprises an LED lighting element and a programmable controller. The programmable controller comprises a memory module having stored therein firmware including instructions for controlling operations of the LED lighting element, where the memory module including a passive memory on which at least a portion of the firmware is stored. The passive memory component of the memory module is responsive to a signal carrying firmware update information received over a wireless communication link from a device external to the intelligent light bulb for causing a firmware update process to be performed to modify the instructions of the firmware based on the update information carried by the signal. The programmable controller also includes a processing unit in communication with the memory module for operating the LED lighting element at least in part in accordance with the instructions of the firmware. Advantageously, the proposed intelligent light bulb can be configured using the signal carrying the firmware update information. In some embodiments, this may allow modifications of certain operating characteristic of the intelligent light bulb to be performed after manufacturing, including modifications pertaining to light color emitted and/or manner of operating the light bulb.
A method of determining a distance from a first luminaire (22) to a second luminaire (22) comprises causing a light source co-located with the second luminaire to emit light directed towards a reflecting surface (A). The method further comprises detecting a level of reflected light from the reflecting surface using a sensor co-located with the first luminaire (22), and accessing a reflectance value determined for the reflecting surface (A). The method further comprises modifying the level of reflected light to take into account the accessed reflectance value, and using the modified measure to provide a measure of a distance between the first and second luminaires.
LED lighting systems
Light fixture systems and application of ambient light measurement for improving lighting system efficiency.
Electroluminescent device with short detection circuit
The present invention relates to an electroluminescent device (20) with a light-emitting element (21) having a capacitance, a switchable current source (22) being connected to the light-emitting element for providing a driving current to the light-emitting element, and a short detection circuit (23) for detecting a short in the light-emitting element. The short detection circuit comprises a triggerable voltage determining unit (24) for determining, upon being triggered, a voltage across the light-emitting element, a triggering unit (25) for triggering the triggerable voltage determining unit to determine the voltage across the light-emitting element after a time period (At) during which the driving current is not provided to the light-emitting element, and a short detection unit (26) for detecting a short in the light-emitting element based on the determined voltage across the light-emitting element. Therewith, the detection can be less sensitive with respect to production tolerances and the like.
Automotive lamp comprising a LED lighting device
An automotive lamp with a lighting device is provided that includes a LED lighting circuit designed to generate a luminous flux on the basis of a driving current, a controlling electrical circuit which provides the driving current on the basis of a reference electrical quantity and of a sensed electrical quantity, and a compensating electrical circuit, which is configured so as to vary the reference electrical quantity by way of a compensation function of the luminous flux predetermined, on the basis of the temperature of the LED lighting circuit. The compensating electrical circuit includes a resistive conditioning electrical device that conditions the compensation function of the luminous flux so as to vary the reference electrical quantity in a predetermined way in response to a change in temperature.
Solid state power controller for aerospace LED systems
A light emitting diode (LED) control system may include a LED control system for an aircraft. The LED control system may include an LED power controller, and a solid state power controller (SSPC) that includes a processor in communication with the LED power controller, where the LED power controller and the solid state power controller are integrated onto a single power module. The LED control system is configured to receive DC power from a power source, determine, via the processor, current flow through a series MOSFET element connecting to at least one LED, to control operational voltage across the at least one LED, and adjust, via the processor, a gate voltage of the series MOSFET element with the LED power controller.
Dimming control circuit and dimming control method thereof
A dimming control circuit for adjusting brightness of a light-emitting component is provided. The dimming control circuit includes a driving transistor, an amplifier and a control circuit. The driving transistor is coupled to the light-emitting component The amplifier includes a first input terminal and an output terminal. The output terminal is coupled to a gate of the driving transistor. The control circuit is coupled to the amplifier. The control circuit generates a second analog signal to the first input terminal of the amplifier according to a first analog signal. A slew rate of the second analog signal below the slew rate of the first analog signal and the amplifier controls the driving transistor to adjust a driving current flowing through the light-emitting component according to the second analog signal.
Duty cycle brightness control for lighting device
A brightness control circuit for a DC-powered LED light uses a PWM generator. The LED brightness is a function of the duty cycle of a drive signal to a transistor connected in series with the LED. In several embodiments the duty cycle signal generated by the PWM is controlled by at least one momentary SPST switch, or, in one alternative, by first and second SPST switches operable in a make-before-break sequence in a voltage divider circuit.
Multi-section portable electronic torch
An electronic torch is disclosed which includes at least one light emitting diode disposed in each one of a plurality of sections of the electronic torch. In one embodiment, each one of the plurality of sections of the electronic torch is independently selectable to activate the at least one light emitting diode disposed in each one of the plurality of sections of the electronic torch. In another embodiment, a mobile device may be connected to the electronic torch and provide instructions to the torch via a wired or wireless connection.
Microwave oven having a hood
Provided is a microwave oven having a hood. The microwave oven having the hood includes a main body having a cooking chamber in which foods are cooked and a passage through which air containing contaminants flows, a hood casing disposed on a lower portion of the main body, a first hood taken out of the hood casing, a second hood tilted at a position different from that of the first hood, the second hood being taken out of the hood casing, and a tilting control device allowing or restricting tilting of the second hood due to a self-weight of the second hood.
System and method for monitoring temperatures of and controlling multiplexed heater array
A system for measuring temperatures of and controlling a multi-zone heating plate in a substrate support assembly used to support a semiconductor substrate in a semiconductor processing includes a current measurement device and switching arrangements. A first switching arrangement connects power return lines selectively to an electrical ground, a voltage supply or an electrically isolated terminal, independent of the other power return lines. A second switching arrangement connects power supply lines selectively to the electrical ground, a power supply, the current measurement device or an electrically isolated terminal, independent of the other power supply lines. The system can be used to maintain a desired temperature profile of the heater plate by taking current readings of reverse saturation currents of diodes serially connected to planar heating zones, calculating temperatures of the heating zones and powering each heater zone to achieve the desired temperature profile.
Releasing connections with local GW when UE moves out of residential/enterprise network coverage
A method, system and device are provided for managing LIPA and/or SIPTO connection releases when UE moves out of residential/enterprise network coverage in case service continuity is not supported for the LIPA/SIPTO PDN connection(s). To address problems caused by not providing service continuity for LIPA/SIPTO PDN connections, the PDN connection/PDP context created in the HeNB/HNB by the MME/SGSN includes context information related to the UE indicating whether such connection is a LIPA PDN connection PDN connection or not. In addition, each UE may be configured to reconnect or not reconnect to the PDN corresponding to a certain APN or service, depending on how the PDN connection was disconnected by the network.
Method and apparatus for releasing connection in wireless communication system
A method and apparatus of releasing a connection in a wireless communication system is provided. A user equipment (UE) establishes a radio resource control (RRC) connection with a specific establishment cause, receiving paging indicating connection release and release information including an establishment cause or a logical channel priority, and releasing the RRC connection depending on the establishment cause or the logical channel priority included in the release information.
System and method for data network reassignment
Managing data resource utilization in a wireless network environment comprising a first data network and a second data network is described herein. The described management infrastructure and method incorporates monitoring data usage of a wireless network subscriber over the first data network, determining that the data usage over the first data network meets a specified threshold, and, in response to the determination that usage has reached the specified threshold, administratively disconnecting the wireless network subscriber from the first data network so as to cause a data session of the wireless network subscriber to be reassigned to the second data network.
Method and apparatus for supporting local access and voice communication in a local network
A method for supporting local access and voice communication by a User Equipment (UE) in a wireless network, the method comprises transmitting a message for requesting a Circuit Switch (CS)-based voice service to a eNode B, the UE having a local Internet Protocol (IP)-based Packet Data Network (PDN) connection, and receiving, from the eNode B, a message including information indicating that the local IP-based PDN connection is suspended, if a server managing mobility of the UE determines that suspending the local IP-based PDN connection is supported in a local gateway.
Service data transmission method and system, and device
Embodiments of the present invention disclose a service data transmission method. An AN entity of a first network sends a first request message to an AN entity of a second network corresponding to a target cell in which a UE is located, so as to request the AN entity of the second network to establish a radio bearer for the UE. The AN entity of the first network sends a second request message to the UE, so as to request the UE to establish the radio bearer with the AN entity of the second network. After the AN entity of the second network has established the radio bearer with the UE, the AN entity of the first network transmits service data to the UE by using the AN entity of the second network.
Method and device for transmitting discovery signal
Provided are a method and a device for transmitting a discovery signal for a device-to-device (D2D) communication in a wireless communication system. A wireless device generates a random sequence on the basis of an identifier (ID), and determines generation information on the basis of the random sequence. The wireless device generates a discovery sequence on the basis of the generation information, and transmits the discovery sequence to another wireless device.
Method for performing an interaction from a communicating device configured to establish a wireless communication channel and corresponding telecommunication system
A method envisions that a first device equipped with a wireless communication channel performs discovery operations and becomes discoverable on the wireless communication channel. The attributes of the devices detected during such operations are sent from the first device operating as a client, together with its unique system identification code, to a computer server that implements a detection service in proximity in a certified manner and is associated with a database comprising a list of attributes for devices registered with the service using such database. In addition, the server computer records, for example, in such database, the detections of such attributes of detected devices.
Method and apparatus for accelerated link setup
A methods and apparatus may be used for accelerated link setup. A method may include a station (STA) acquiring information about an access point of an Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.11 network in advance through a previously connected IEEE 802.11 interface and/or an interface other than the IEEE 802.11 network. The STA may use the acquired information during a link setup procedure between the STA and the access point. The information may include a suggestion for a specific procedure to complete the link setup procedure between the STA and the access point.
Connection tethering and service remoting
Described is a technology by which a target device automatically starts tethering on a source device. A target device sends a request to start tethering to the source device, which responds by starting tethering, independent of needing any user interaction on the source device. While tethering is operational, status messages may be exchanged between the source device and the target device.
Method for implementing trunking service, evolved node B and terminal
A method for implementing a trunking service, an evolved node B and a terminal are applied to a long term evolution system, and the method comprises: an evolved node B receiving a call request message sent by a calling terminal in a trunking common control channel (TCCCH) in an uplink direction, wherein, the TCCCH is used for bearing an uplink message of a trunking terminal. The above-mentioned technical solution implements a trunking function in a manner of newly adding a trunking service dedicated logic channel in an uplink/downlink direction and on the basis of an LTE system standard protocol, and supports concurrence of an LTE service and a trunking service in a same system. The demands of the trunking communications may be implemented on the basis of the LTE system, and the coexistence of the trunking service and the LTE service in a same system is implemented.
Selecting white space frequency based on preamble cycle length
Provided is a wireless communication system that is capable of preventing interference between secondary use systems that do not use a database. The wireless communication system uses a white space for opposing communication between a base station and a terminal station.At startup, the base station transmits a preamble over a cycle that is n-times a frame length (where n is an integer 2 or greater), changes a set frequency channel if ranging is not detected from a terminal station within a fixed time interval, and begins normal operation using the set frequency channel if ranging is detected.At startup, the terminal station detects a preamble within a received signal, changes a set frequency channel if a peak is detected at each frame length, and transmits a ranging signal if peaks are detected for cycles that are n-times the frame length and peaks are not detected for other cycles.
User equipment initiated discontinuous operation in a wireless communications network
An apparatus and method for initiating discontinuous reception (DRX) operation in a user equipment (UE) are disclosed herein. Applications running on the UE are monitored by the UE to identify one or more inactivity trigger events associated with the application(s). The UE includes an application-radio cross layer to process the application information, including the inactivity trigger event, for use by a radio layer. The radio layer of the UE determines initiation of the DRX operation in accordance with the application information, including the inactivity trigger event, provided by the application-radio cross layer and device characteristics information.
Method for scheduling access point of wireless local area network, controller, access point, and system
The present invention relates to a method for scheduling an access point of a wireless local area network, including: receiving, by a first controller in a current scheduling period of a network running state, performance statistical data of a last scheduling period reported by a plurality of access points in a first access point cluster in the last scheduling period, where the first access point cluster includes the first controller and the plurality of access points connected to the first controller; generating a scheduling scheme for the plurality of access points for a next scheduling period according to the performance statistical information; and broadcasting the scheduling scheme to the plurality of access points. According to the method, impact on other access points due to communications between different access points and user equipments are reduced in a wireless local area network with a plurality of access points.
Radio with antenna array and multiple RF bands
A intelligent backhaul radio is disclosed that is compact, light and low power for street level mounting, operates at 100 Mb/s or higher at ranges of 300 m or longer in obstructed LOS conditions with low latencies of 5 ms or less, can support PTP and PMP topologies, uses radio spectrum resources efficiently and does not require precise physical antenna alignment.
Method and apparatus for communication in a wireless LAN system
A method for communicating in a wireless local area network, and a device therefore are discussed. The method according to one embodiment includes selecting, by a transmitting station, a transmission channel; and transmitting, by the transmitting station, a Physical layer Protocol Data Unit (PPDU) over the selected transmission channel to a receiving station. The transmission channel includes a primary channel and a first channel if the first channel was idle. The transmission channel includes the primary channel, the first channel and a second channel if both the first channel and the second channel were idle. The primary channel is positioned between the first channel and the second channel if the transmission channel includes the primary channel, the first channel and the second channel.
License shared access in cellular network
Generally discussed herein are systems and apparatuses that are configured for using Licensed Shared Access (LSA) in a cellular network. Also discussed herein are method of using the systems and apparatuses. In one or more embodiments, an LSA control can include a processor configured to determine which licensing option of a plurality of licensing options to accept, and the LSA control can include a transceiver configured to (1) receive a first signal representative of a request for extra spectrum from a licensing Base Station (BS), and transmit a second signal representative of one or more details of the accepted licensing option to the licensee BS and an incumbent BS so as to cause the licensee BS to use the extra spectrum and cause the incumbent BS to stop using the extra spectrum in a coverage area of the licensee BS.
Method and apparatus for device-to-device communication
A first user equipment (UE) and a second UE communicate with a network element (e.g., an eNB) over a carrier (e.g., an uplink or downlink cellular carrier). The first and second UEs also engage in D2D communication using resources of the carrier that have been allocated to them by the network entity. Using the allocated resources, the first and second UEs communicate using a subframe that has a first set of symbols in during which the first UE transmits, a second set of symbols during which the second UE transmits, and a guard interval between the first and second UEs.
Method and system for processing downlink control information
A method and a system for processing downlink control information are disclosed, in which downlink control information for the subframe n may be transmitted in a subframe n or the downlink control information for the subframe n may be transmitted in a subframe n−1. By means of technology for processing control channel information provided by the disclosure, a region where the downlink control information is transmitted is added, and space division technology can be fully utilized, so that a load of a Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH) is reduced, the interference between control channels is reduced, and the capacity of the control channel is enlarged.
Resource allocation method, identification method, base station, mobile station, and program
Provided is a technique capable of reporting resource block allocation information with no waste when an allocated resource block is reported, because in the current LTE downlink, the waste of the amount of resource allocation information increases in some cases since a restriction is imposed such that 37-bit fixed scheduling information is transmitted. A resource block group consisting of at least one or more resource blocks continuous on the frequency axis is allocated to a terminal, and the number of controlling signals for reporting allocation information indicating the allocated resource blocks is determined.
Method and apparatus of multicast control channel acquisition in wireless communication system
A method for Multicast Control Channel (MCCH) acquisition in a User Equipment (UE) of a wireless communication system is disclosed. The method includes receiving at least one MBMS service, expressing interest in reception of a new MBMS service, and deciding whether to monitor an MCCH notification according to whether the MBSFN area which broadcasts the new MBMS service is among the MBSFN areas in which the UE is receiving the at least one MBMS services.
Method and a gateway node for reducing paging traffic in a wireless communication system
A method for reducing paging traffic between a gateway (GW) and plural base stations (BSs) is provided when paging user equipments (UEs). A cache map, which records most-recently visited BSs of selected UEs, is used to limit the number of BSs in the paging of each selected UE, thereby reducing paging traffic. Furthermore, paging requests sent to the same BS node are grouped into one batch in generating a transport-layer payload, reducing the number of generated transport-layer messages. When used in a LTE system, piggybacking paging requests as provided by the SCTP reduces paging traffic and windowing/congestion control overhead at the transport layer. Transmission efficiency is thus improved. In addition, the number of paging requests sent out by the GW node per one paging interval is controlled to be not greater than a pre-determined maximum value to further limit paging traffic for avoiding occurrence of a paging storm.
Device-to-device assisted positioning in wireless cellular technologies
The position of User Equipment (UE) may be determined based on information communicated through direct UE-to-UE communications to obtain additional measurements of position metrics that can be used to determine relative or absolute positions of the UE. In one implementation, a UE may receive, via a direct connection with a second UE, a positioning reference signal from which timing information, relating to distance between the UE and second UE, is derivable; determine, based on the positioning reference signal, a first position metric that relates to a position of the UE with respect to the second UE; and determine, based at least on position metric, a location of the UE.
Method and apparatus for receiving or sending short message
A first message is sent by an MSC/VLR and it is determined that a user equipment is in an abnormal state according to the first message. A second message is sent to the user equipment. The second message is used to instruct the user equipment to initiate attachment to the MSC/VLR. An apparatus includes a receiving module, a first determining module and a sending module.
Method and apparatus for controlling pre-registration of terminal in wireless communication system
Provided is a method for a base station of an asynchronous wireless communication system placed in an area where subnets of a synchronous wireless communication system overlap each other to control pre-registration of a user equipment with the synchronous wireless communication system. The method may include: determining, by at least one base station placed in the area where subnets overlap each other, a virtual subnet ID to be used and transmitting the virtual subnet ID to a user equipment; receiving a call setup request message from the user equipment; and transmitting the call setup request message and subnet ID information corresponding to the actual location of the base station to a Mobility Management Entity (MME).
Method, device and system for recording attendance
The disclosure provides a method device and system for recording an attendance. The method includes that: a Femto (74) receives a registration request or a de-registration request of a mobile terminal (72), wherein the registration request or the de-registration request includes an identifier of the mobile terminal (72); and the Femto (74) saves the identifier of the mobile terminal (72) and time corresponding to the registration request or the de-registration request of the mobile terminal (72) together to serve as an attendance record of a user corresponding to the mobile terminal (72). The method, device and system for recording an attendance solve the problems of great configuration difficulty and high cost of a system for implementing attendance recording in related technologies, and realize fully-automatic attendance statistics; and this implementation mode is easy to operate and low in cost.
Method for locating a frequency deviation in a communication network, and corresponding communication network
Locating a frequency deviation in a communication network is provided. A node clock frequency is assigned to each internal clock of each network node. Messages are transmitted synchronizing the internal clocks. The synchronization messages are transmitted from one node to another in succession based on a reference clock frequency predefined by a reference clock. The synchronization messages include a reference clock count state of the reference clock. Synchronization deviations are calculated at predefined intervals of time. If the synchronization deviation of the middle network node exceeds a threshold value, a change in the reference clock frequency is detected if the synchronization deviations of adjacent nodes. Otherwise, a change in the node clock frequency of the middle network node is detected.
Wireless communications system and method for performing wireless communication in wireless communications system
A wireless communications system and a method for performing wireless communication in a wireless communications system. The wireless communications system includes: a first base station node; a second base station node; and a wireless communications apparatus, performing communication with the first base station node and the second base station node. The first base station node and the second base station node perform scheduling coordination, to reduce a probability that the wireless communications apparatus sends an uplink signal to the first base station node and the second base station node simultaneously. The system and method can reduce a probability that a wireless communications apparatus sends an uplink signal to a first base station node and a second base station node simultaneously, thereby effectively ensuring uplink/downlink transmission performance.
Systems and methods for cable and WLAN coexistence
Various of the disclosed embodiments improve the operations of a combined access point/Cable modem. Though the access point component and the Cable modem component may perform operations in different spectrums, harmonics in the Cable spectrum may interfere with operations, e.g., in the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz range, of the access point. Some embodiments implement a remediation and/or channel transition process for the access point following detection of Cable-related interference. During remediation, the device may, e.g., adjust the wireless power levels, EDCA backoff times, signal thresholds, etc. In some embodiments, if the remediation actions prove ineffective, the wireless peers may be relocated to a channel further from the interfering Cable harmonics. The determination to remediate or reallocate may be based on various contextual factors, e.g., the character of the peer devices and the applications being run.
Method and apparatus for performing uplink scheduling in a multiple-input multiple-output system
An apparatus and method for performing uplink scheduling in a Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) system are provided. The method includes selecting User Equipments (UEs) as members of at least one user set for simultaneous transmission from among UEs from which channel information is received, using the channel information, and generating a power control value for each of the at least one user set and transmitting the power control value to UEs of the user set. The at least one user set includes a second user set including UEs selected according to interference that the UEs cause to a first user set from among remaining UEs unselected for the first user set, the first user set including UEs selected in a descending order of reception power from among the UEs from which the channel information is received.
Apparatus and method for controlling uplink transmission power in a multiple element carrier wave system
The present invention relates to an apparatus and method for controlling uplink transmission power in a multiple element carrier wave system. The method for controlling uplink transmission power by a terminal in a multiple element carrier wave system includes the steps of: generating an uplink signal to be transmitted in a first serving cell; receiving, from a base station, random access start information for commanding the start of a random access procedure for a second serving cell; calculating the estimated surplus power from first transmission power scheduled for an uplink signal transmission, and second transmission power scheduled for a transmission of a PRACH to which a random access preamble is mapped; and when the estimated surplus power is smaller than a threshold power, adjusting the first transmission power or the second transmission power on the basis of power allocation priority.
Wireless communication device
A wireless communication device including an integrated processing circuit, a first memory and a testing circuit is provided. The integrated processing circuit includes a processing unit capable of processing a wireless communication signal and a radio frequency (RF) unit capable of performing a conversion between a radio frequency (RF) signal and a baseband signal, wherein the wireless communication signal is one of the RF signal and the baseband signal. The first memory is coupled to the integrated processing circuit. The first memory is capable of storing data used by the processing unit. The testing circuit is coupled to the first memory, and is capable of testing the first memory for determining if the first memory is an effective memory. The RF unit and the first memory are placed in a single module.
Power management of a mobile communications device
A user interface for power management of a mobile communications device is described. In an implementation, power consumption used in performance of a plurality of tasks is monitored by a mobile communications device. A determination is made as to an amount of power that remains in a battery of the mobile communications device. A user interface is displayed on a display device of the mobile communications device that describes an amount of time each of the plurality of tasks may be performed based on the determined amount of power that remains in the battery.
Communication apparatus, control method for communication apparatus, communication system, and program
A communication apparatus includes a communication unit configured to communicate in a first communication mode in which a memory of the communication apparatus is accessed by another communication apparatus, a detection unit configured to detect an access from the another communication apparatus to the memory of the communication apparatus, and a shift unit configured to shift an operation mode of the communication apparatus in response to a condition including at least the access to the memory detected by the detection unit.
Buffered indication of individually addressed traffic with reduced power consumption
Embodiments provide a technique for enabling a wireless device to operate in a power saving mode without completely cutting off the wireless device from receiving outside communications. The technique includes, at an access point (AP), generating traffic indication map (TIM) information that indicates whether downlink data directed to the wireless device is buffered at the AP. The AP precedes a beacon frame with at least one “lightweight” traffic indication map (TIM) frame that includes the TIM information, which is a subset of the information that is included in the beacon frame. The AP can be configured to transmit the TIM broadcast frame, the beacon frame, and any other frames that include the TIM information during a single transmit opportunity to reduce the number of instances where the wireless device is required to transition from an idle state to a listen state.
Mobile terminal and method for mobile terminal to select network
Disclosed is a method for a mobile terminal to select a network, including: acquiring shared network configuration information set in advance and determining, according to the shared network configuration information, whether a home network of a local SIM card is a shared network; when the home network of the local SIM card is a shared network, then selecting, from all shared networks, an optimal shared network and implementing a registration operation of the optimal shared network. Further disclosed accordingly is a mobile terminal. In the disclosure, after it is determined that a home network of a local SIM card is a shared network, by using the method of selecting from all shared networks an optimal shared network on which a register access operation is performed, a user of a mobile terminal is enabled to select and access the optimal shared network in a shared network environment in the case that the network side is not modified, thus the objective of balancing network loads can be achieved, thereby improving user experiences of the mobile terminal.
Cell positioning in cellular network
An apparatus, a system and a method for configuring a User Equipment (UE) position. For example, a UE may be configured to receive a cell ID parameter and a cell size parameter, to configure a cell position based on the cell ID, and to configure the UE position based on the cell size. The UE may be configured, for example, to connect to Access points (APs) of a Wireless local Area Network (WLAN) in its close vicinity, e.g., based on the determined position of the UE.
Method of relay discovery and communication in a wireless communications system
A method of relay discovery and communication for a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communications system, including: receiving a first relay discovery request, from a remote UE which announces relay discovery requests; transmitting a relay discovery response including an identification of the UE, to the remote UE; receiving a second relay discovery request including the identification of the UE, from the remote UE; and activating a relay function to start relaying traffic of Proximity-based Service (ProSe) communication for the remote UE.
Method for steering traffic in wireless communications system and apparatus for supporting same
Disclosed is a method for enabling user equipment (UE) to steer traffic in a wireless communications system. The method comprises the steps of: transmitting UE traffic steering preference information to a first access network; receiving traffic steering information from the first access network, the traffic steering information being set based on the UE traffic steering preference information; evaluating the traffic steering based on at least one of a first and a second traffic steering rule; and performing the traffic steering between the first access network and a second access network based on the result of the evaluation of the traffic steering. The first traffic steering rule is prescribed by ANDSF (Access Network Discovery and Selection Functions). The second traffic steering rule is prescribed by the first access network.
Mobile communication system
A closed subscriber group (CSG) cell is a cell that allows use of subscribers. In order to receive the service by the CSG cell, a CSG-ID is required to be notified to a user equipment, which cannot be obtained in a situation outside the reach of radio waves from a non-CSG cell. In a mobile communication system including base stations respectively provided to a CSG cell and a non-CSG cell in which access is made to the CSG cell with the use of a CSG-ID issued in a case where use of the CSG cell is allowed, the base station provided in the CSG cell refers to the notified identification information of a user equipment and then transmits a tracking area update request from the user equipment to a core network, and the core network determines whether the user equipment is allowed to use the CSG cell and, in the case where the use is allowed, transmits a signal for allowing assignment of radio resources to the user equipment and the CSG-ID. The user equipment accesses the CSG cell with the use of the CSG-ID.
Reverse link signaling techniques for wireless communication systems
Techniques, apparatuses, and systems are described for wireless communications. In one implement, wireless communication systems can provide one or more mechanisms to reduce reverse overhead control signaling by adaptively transmitting overhead control information.
Mobility-aware mesh construction algorithm for low data-overhead multicast ad hoc routing
Data overhead of mesh-based multicast ad hoc routing protocols are controlled by adaptively adding redundancy to the minimal data overhead multicast mesh as required by the network conditions. The computation of the minimal data overhead multicast mesh is NP-complete, and therefore an heuristic approximation algorithm inspired on epidemic algorithms is employed to increase tractability of a solution. A mobility-aware and adaptive mesh construction algorithm based on a probabilistic path selection is provided, which is able to adapt the reliability of the multicast mesh to the mobility of the network. Simulation results show that the proposed approach, when implemented into On-Demand Multicast Routing Protocol (ODMRP), is able to offer similar performance results and a lower average latency, while reducing data overhead between 25 to 50% compared to the original ODMRP.
Techniques for selected internet protocol traffic offload support at an assisting eNodeB
Techniques are described for selected internet protocol traffic offload (SIPTO) support at an assisting eNodeB. A connection may be established between a first eNodeB and a UE, and it may be determined whether a connection exists or is pending between the UE and a second eNodeB. A message may be transmitted to a mobility management entity (MME), the message associating a network address of the second eNodeB with SIPTO connectivity for the UE.
A target communications device receiving from a source communications device a notification that a user communications device is to be handed over from that source communications device, provides the source communications device with multiple component carrier information for use by the user communications device. The multiple component carrier information includes information indicating to the user communications device which of the multiple component carriers is to be used for initial access. The multiple component carrier information may be component carrier indexes. Communication devices may exchange component carrier indexes during a setup or updating procedure such as an X2 setup or updating procedure.
Electronic device and a method of operating the same
A method of operating a first electronic device, the method including receiving an identifier of a second electronic device from the second electronic device via a communication link formed by a first communication carrier; checking whether the second electronic device is pre-registered based on the received identifier of the second electronic device; transmitting, when the second electronic device is not pre-registered according to a result of the checking, a first handover request message including alternative carriers to the second electronic device, wherein the alternative carriers are supported by the first electronic device and are listed by priority in the first handover request message; receiving a handover selection message including a second communication carrier, wherein the second communication carrier is supported by the second electronic device and is selected among the alternative carriers; forming a communication link with the second electronic device through the second communication carrier; and storing the second communication carrier matching with the second electronic device.
Method and system for notifying attribute of IP address and SGW
A method and a system for notifying an attribute of an Internet Protocol (IP) address and a Serving Gateway (SGW) are disclosed. When an SGW is taken as a User Equipment's (UE's) SGW, the new SGW can be notified of an attribute of the UE's IP address. The technology of notifying an attribute of an IP address in the disclosure can ensure that the new SGW can learn the attribute of the UE's IP address in time when the new SGW is taken as the UE's SGW. Therefore, a charging gateway function entity connected with the new SGW can accurately charge the UE according to the attribute of the IP address.
Multi-link scheduling to compensate for multi-path fading
The present solution relates to a method in a first communication node for (101) improving bandwidth utilization in a wireless communication system (100). The system comprises at least two communication links (110, 112) between the first communication node (101) and a second communication node (105). First, the first node (101) receives (501) data. Then, it indicates (502) that the data belongs to a category relating to link quality. The number of categories is related (503) to the number of communication links. Link quality based on communication link quality measurements of the at least two communication links (110, 112) is then determined (504), before the data is sent (509) on one of the at least two communication links (110, 112) to the second communication node (105). The chosen link being based on the quality measurements.
System and method for preambles in a wireless communications network
A method for transmitting a frame includes generating an omni portion of the frame, the omni portion including a non-beamformed long training field and a signal field, the non-beamformed long training field including channel estimation information used to decode the signal field, the non-beamformed long training field configured to be transmitted through one of multiple antennas and multiple streams. The method also includes generating a multi-stream portion of the frame, the multi-stream portion including a data field and a multi-stream long training field, the multi-stream long training field including station-specific decoding information for station-specific data in the data field. The method further includes applying a beamforming indicator to the signal field of the omni portion, and transmitting the frame.
QoE optimization in wireless networks
A load balancing method in a WLAN having access points (20, 21, 22) each providing service to terminals (10, 11, 12) which are within range of the access points and associated with the access points, the method comprising identifying (S10, S12) overloaded access points, unsatisfied terminals and under-loaded access points; determining (S14), for each overloaded access point, how many M among N unsatisfied terminals associated with the access point, where N>=M>=1, need to re-associate with an under-loaded access point in order to satisfy all the unsatisfied terminals associated with the access point; constructing (S16), for each overloaded access point, one or more sets of M unsatisfied terminals; and finding (S18-S38), for each overloaded access point and each set of M unsatisfied terminals, an under-loaded access point with which every terminal in the set of M can be re-associated in order to satisfy all the N unsatisfied terminals associated with the overloaded access point. The load balancing method may be carried out by a LB Server (30) applied to an enterprise-wide WLAN.
Wireless communication terminal and communication method for measuring a channel quality indicator (CQI)
To measure the channel quality of the own cell accurately in a condition where there is no interference from a neighbor cell. A wireless communication terminal according to the invention is a wireless communication terminal to be connected to a base station for transmitting and receiving data to/from the base station, the wireless communication terminal including: a receiver that receives a signal which includes control information provided for measuring a channel quality of own cell from the base station; an extractor that extracts the control information from the signal received by the receiver; a measurement section that measures, on the basis of the control information, the channel quality of the own cell in a domain where a neighbor cell does not transmit a signal; and a transmitter that transmits a measurement result of the channel quality of the own cell measured by the measurement section, to the base station.
Method for measurement reporting in wireless communication system and apparatus supporting same
Provided is a method for measurement reporting by user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system. The method comprises: evaluating a first measurement result and deciding whether a first reporting condition has been satisfied; evaluating a second measurement result and deciding whether a second reporting condition has been satisfied; and transmitting a measurement reporting message to a network, if the first measurement result satisfies the first reporting condition. If the second measurement result satisfies the second reporting condition within a specific time interval from the time of satisfying the first reporting condition, then the measurement reporting message includes the first measurement result and the second measurement result.
Channel state information (CSI) measurement and reporting for enhanced interference management for traffic adaptation (eIMTA) in LTE
Certain aspects of the disclosure generally relate to wireless communications and, more particularly, to techniques for channel state information (CSI) measurement and reporting for enhanced interference management for traffic adaptation (eIMTA) in long term evolution (LTE). According to certain aspects, a method for wireless communications by a user equipment (UE) is provided. The method generally includes identifying, within a set of subframes, one or more flexible subframes that may be dynamically managed for either uplink or downlink communications, determining whether a current flexible subframe is for either uplink or downlink communications, and performing at least one of channel measurement, interference measurement, or channel state reporting based on the determination.
Systems and methods for re-establishing a connection
A method for re-establishing a connection by a user equipment (UE) is described. The method includes establishing a first connection between the UE and an Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN). The method also includes establishing a second connection between the UE and the E-UTRAN. The method also includes informing the E-UTRAN of a failure of the second connection when a failure of the second connection is detected.
Transmission device, reception device, transmission method, and reception method
A transmission device has a connecting unit that connects transmission data, of each of a plurality of serving cells, an adding unit that adds active state information indicating whether the state of each of the plurality of serving cells is active, to the connected transmission data to generate a transmission sequence, and a transmission unit that transmits the generated transmission sequence.
Communication control apparatus, communication control method, program, and terminal apparatus
Provided is a communication control apparatus including: a selection unit that uses information related to one or more terminal apparatuses operable as an access point for a small cell to select a master terminal operating the small cell and one or more sub-master terminals; and a control unit that instructs the at least one sub-master terminal to be involved in an operation of the small cell according to occurrence of an event disturbing the operation of the small cell by the master terminal.
Full duplex wireless transmission with self-interference cancellation
Two-way (full-duplex) wireless communications. Various embodiments measure interference channels and provide for interference cancellation in both analog and digital domains to mitigate self-interference. The system supports multiple clients wherein new clients can join the network asynchronously, and also supports Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) antennas.
Dual connectivity of user equipment to macro and small cell in long term evolution system
A communications system includes a macro base station, a plurality of UEs (user equipment), a plurality of small cells, and a network through which the macro base station, the UEs, and the small cells communicate with each other, the small cells within a macro coverage area of the macro base station. The macro base station comprises a processor, a memory, and a small cell on/off module which is operable, for each small cell of the plurality of small cells, to: determine an interference metric for the small cell; if the determined interference metric meets a preset condition for the small cell, then determine a loss in signal strength to the UEs associated with the small cell caused by switching off the small cell; and judge whether to switch off the small cell based on at least one of the determined interference metric or the determined loss in signal strength.
Network access method and apparatus
The embodiment of the present invention discloses a network access method and apparatus. The method comprises: a UE receiving WLAN access auxiliary information sent by a 3GPP access network; according to the information, the UE measuring WLAN radio signal quality and performing an access judgment to obtain a judgment result; and the UE accessing to the WLAN according to the judgment result. The present invention can accelerate the access of the UE to the WLAN and enable the UE to acquire subsequent data joint transmission and/or services, thereby improving the user experience.
Method and system for generating an identifier of a key
A method for generating an identifier of a key includes that: when a user equipment (UE) transfers from an evolved UMTS terrestrial radio access network (EUTRAN) to a universal terrestrial radio access network (UTRAN) or a global system for mobile communications (GSM), or an enhanced data rate for GSM evolved radio access network (GERAN), an identifier of a system key after transfer is generated by mapping an identifier KSIASME for an access security management entity, and a mobile management entity generates an identifier of a ciphering key (CK) and an integrity key (IK) by mapping the KSIASME, and then sends the generated identifier to a serving GPRS support node (SGSN), when the UE transfers from the EUTRAN to the UTRAN, the SGSN stores the ciphering key, the integrity key and the identifier thereof, and when the UE transfers from the EUTRAN to the GERAN, the SGSN assigns the value of the identifier of the ciphering key and the integrity key to an identifier of a ciphering key of the GERAN.
Systems and methods for performing over-the-air activation while roaming
Methods, systems and devices are provided for over-the-air activation of a mobile device that include provisioning the mobile device with an activation identifier linked to a particular home network, initiating over-the-air activation of the mobile device, forwarding the activation identifier to a network, and replacing the activation identifier with a different and unique identifier linked to the mobile device during over-the-air activation. The over-the-air activation may be performed when the mobile device is within the home network or when the device is outside the home network, and thus “roaming” in another service provider's network.
Profile management method, embedded UICC, and device provided with the embedded UICC
The present invention relates to a method for managing a profile in an embedded UICC, and more particularly, to a method for managing a profile in an embedded UICC that enables management information on the profile provided within the embedded UICC to play an essential role for providing communication and additional services, to be provided to a device existing outside the embedded UICC. The present invention also relates to an embedded UICC and to a device provided with the embedded UICC for the method.
System and method for relaying an origination request from a home location register to a service specific service control point
A method for relaying an ORREQ (origination request) message from an MSC (mobile switching center) to a service specific SCP (service control point) using an HLR (home location register) first receives the ORREQ message including a service trigger indication at the HLR. A service trigger and an identifier for the subscriber are determined from the service trigger indication within the ORREQ message. A subscriber profile within the HLR is accessed responsive to the determined identifier to identify active services for the subscriber. The service specific SCP to provide the particular service associated with the service trigger of a plurality of available service specific SCPs is determined responsive to the service trigger and the active services for the subscriber. An address of the specific SCP is determined by accessing mapping logic and the ORREQ message is transmitted from the HLR to the determined service specific SCP.
Repurposing a mobile device
Some examples include repurposing a mobile device for performing a plurality of nonconventional functions, including a fire detector, a radiation detector, and a Wi-Fi repeater. For example, the mobile device may be configured to serve as a fire detector by one or more modules that may use an onboard camera, microphone, and temperature sensor to monitor an area for fires. In addition, the mobile device may be configured to serve as a radiation detector. For instance, a camera image sensor and/or the memory on the device may be used to detect elevated levels of radiation in the vicinity of the mobile device. In response to detecting a fire and/or radioactivity, the mobile device may send an alert notification to another device. Further, the mobile device may be configured to concurrently serve as a Wi-Fi repeater, such as for extending a range of a wireless router, or the like.
Mobile communication system, base station, and user terminal
A user terminal according to one aspect executes a first and second DRX operations. The first DRX operation is an operation of discontinuously monitoring first control information, which is transmitted from the base station via PDCCH, using a C-RNTI that uniquely identifies the user terminal in a cell of the base station. The second DRX operation is an operation of discontinuously monitoring second control information, which is transmitted from the base station via the PDCCH, using a group RNTI assigned to a terminal group including the user terminal. The user terminal monitors the first control information in a first ON duration for the first DRX operation, and monitors the second control information in a second ON duration for the second DRX operation, the second ON duration being independent of the first ON duration.
System and method for displaying mobility trails for mobile clients
The present disclosure discloses a system and a method for displaying mobile trails for mobile client devices. Specifically, a network device obtains a plurality of performance measurements and a corresponding plurality of physical locations for a client device over a period of time. Then the network device generates a plurality of visual representations for the client device over the period of time, each visual representation representing a respective performance measurement and a respective physical location at a respective time during the period of time. Moreover, the network device can display, store, and/or transmit a map of a physical environment with the plurality of visual representations.
Systems and methods for deploying dynamic geo-fences based on content consumption levels in a geographic location
Systems and methods are provided for determining in real-time geographic areas having a threshold level of content consumption and deploying dynamic geo-fences to contain these geographic areas. These dynamic geo-fences provide a means for timing message notifications in order to optimize the chances of delivering targeted content to a mobile device user based on the current geographic location of the user's device relative to a threshold level of content consumption area. As mobile device users may be more likely to launch a client application in a place where other users are currently consuming content, a general message notification sent to the user's device located in a dynamic geo-fence created based on real-time content consumption, may increase the likelihood that the user will launch the client application and thereby, allow targeted content to be delivered to the user's mobile device.
Mobile communication devices and context-based geofence control methods thereof
A mobile communication device and associated method are provided. The device includes a positioning unit, configured to provide position information of the mobile communication device, and a processing unit, configured to detect an approach to a first geofence according to a plurality of contexts associated with the mobile communication device, turn off the positioning unit when not detecting the approach to the first geofence, and turn on the positioning unit when detecting the approach to the first geofence. The contexts include at least one cellular context and at least one personal context or multimedia context, and the processing unit is further configured to prioritize at least one of the cellular context and the personal context or the multimedia context over the other contexts, for detecting the approach to the first geofence.
Systems and methods for optimizing message notification timing based on geographic location
Systems and methods are provided for timing message notifications to be provided to mobile device users based on their respective geographic locations with respect to a targeted content area. The timing of message notifications may be controlled in order to optimize the chances of delivering targeted content to a mobile device user based on the current geographic location of the user's device relative to a targeted content area. As the particular client application may not be actively executing at a time when the user's device happen to be located within a targeted content area, a general message notification sent to the user's device, which may be displayed at any time, may increase the likelihood that the user will launch the client application when it is not already executing at the device and thereby, allow targeted content to be delivered to the user's mobile device at the appropriate time and location.
In one embodiment an apparatus comprises logic, at least partially including hardware logic, configured to establish a geographic reference point, define one or more geofences relative to the geographic reference point, determine, based on an input from at least one inertial sensor, a location of the apparatus relative to the geographic reference point, and generate a warning signal in response to a determination that the location of the apparatus is outside the one or more geofences. Other embodiments may be described.
Location-based social software for mobile devices
A method for communicating location information to a device includes receiving, at a computer system that implements a social networking service, location information that represents a geographic location of a device associated with a first user; associating, by the computer system, the received location information with a profile associated with the first user; and sending, from the computer system to a device associated with a second user, a message that is generated based at least in part on the location information.
Limiting services based on location
A system for authorizing services in wireless devices based on a type of service requested and a location of the wireless device is provided. For example, in a wireless telephony system, when a session is set up via an Internet Protocol-based system, an application server queries a location service for the location of the handset requesting the service. If the handset or the receiving handset is in a location that is not authorized for the requested service based on the position of the handset, the connection is not enabled. A message may be transmitted to the sending handset to inform a user that the service is not authorized for the location.
Extended bluetooth communication modes
A method and system for an improved communication mode for Bluetooth wireless devices is disclosed. Packets used in the improved communication mode are encoded using a convolutional encoder and transmitted with a particular modulation index such that the improved communication mode provides an improved link margin with respect to a communication mode specified in a Bluetooth wireless communication protocol. In this regard, the improved communication mode allows Bluetooth wireless devices to continue to communicate when a communication link between the Bluetooth wireless devices degrades, whereas otherwise the connection would be dropped. Furthermore, the Bluetooth wireless devices seamlessly switch between the improved communication mode and other Bluetooth communication modes without renegotiating the connection.
Image triggered pairing
An image triggered pairing system may include at least one processor circuit. The at least one processor circuit may be configured to identify a pairable device within an area. The at least one processor circuit may be further configured to determine a pairing status of the pairable device. The at least one processor circuit may be further configured to provide, for display, a graphical representation of the area and the pairable device that indicates the pairing status of the pairable device.
Wireless communication network improved robustness for control of industrial equipment in harsh environments
In certain embodiments, a system includes a master node device. The master node device includes communication circuitry configured to facilitate communication with a welding power supply unit via a long-range communication link, and to facilitate wireless communication with one or more welding-related devices via a short-range wireless communication network. The master node device also includes control circuitry configured to continuously improve reliability of wireless communications between the communication circuitry and the one or more welding-related devices via the short-range wireless communication network.
Information-gathering system, sensor terminal, communication terminal and terminal connection control method
In a terminal connection control method for a system having a plurality of centers, the plurality of centers include a first center for initial connection and a plurality of second centers, the first center includes information of the plurality of second centers, destination information of the first center and information of a terminal are previously stored in the terminal, when the terminal requires the system for connection, the terminal requires the first center for connection based on the destination information of the first center, and sends the terminal information to the first center, the first center selects, from the plurality of second centers, a destination of the terminal which sends connection requirement based on information received from the terminal and based on information of the second centers, and the first center sends the destination information of the selected second center to the terminal which sends the connection requirement.
Information processing system, information processing method, mobile terminal, information processing apparatus, and control methods and control programs thereof
An apparatus of this invention is directed to an information processing apparatus that selects an appropriate combination of a device connected to a mobile terminal and a program used in the information processing apparatus to operate the device via a network and the mobile terminal, based on a history of the combination. The information processing apparatus accumulates the history of the combination of the device connected via the network and the mobile terminal, and the program used in the information processing apparatus to operate the device. When receiving information about the device connected to the mobile terminal from the mobile terminal via the network, the information processing apparatus selects the combination of the device and the program based on the history of the combination of the device and the program accumulated in an accumulator.
Automatic audio adjustment balance
Various systems and methods for automatically adjusting audio balance are described herein. A system for automatically adjusting audio balance includes a distance module to determine a distance from an audio speaker to an audience, the audio speaker being one of a plurality of audio speakers, an audio modification module to determine a modification to an audio characteristic of the audio speaker based on the distance, the modification to provide a balanced soundstage for the audience from the plurality of audio speakers, and a control module to apply the modification of the audio characteristic to the audio speaker.
Sound source separation apparatus and sound source separation method
An apparatus of this invention stably separates a sound source even when the relative positional relationship between the sound source and a sound pickup device has changed. This apparatus includes a sound pickup unit configured to pick up sound signals of a plurality of channels, a detector configured to detect a change in a relative positional relationship between a sound source and the sound pickup unit, a phase regulator configured to regulate a phase of the sound signal in accordance with the relative position change amount detected by the detector, a parameter estimator configured to estimate a variance and spatial correlation matrix of a sound source signal as sound source separation parameters with respect to the phase-regulated sound signal, and a sound source separator configured to generate a separation filter from the estimated parameters, and perform sound source separation.
System and method for calibration and reproduction of audio signals based on auditory feedback
Systems and methods are provided for testing an individual's hearing and correcting audio signals to compensate for the significant variance in each listener's sensitivity to various frequencies of the audible spectrum. An auditory calibration procedure includes identifying a first volume level as a minimum volume level at which nominal frequency tones are audible, a minimum frequency at which said first volume level is audible, a maximum frequency at which said first volume level is audible, and a minimum volume level at which a number of intervening sample frequencies are audible. A substantially parabolic correction curve is generated based on the minimum volume levels at the various sample frequencies. The correction curve is applied to modify real time audio signals generated upon execution of an audio file functionally linked to the processor, wherein the modified real time audio signals are provided to an audio output device.
Hearing aid gain determination system, hearing aid gain determination method, and computer program
A hearing aid gain determination system includes: a biological signal measurement section for measuring an electroencephalogram signal; a sound group determination section for determining a frequency of a sound group including first, second and third sounds; a sound pressure determination section for determining sound pressures of the first to third sounds so that the respective sound pressures are less than a threshold and that the first to third sounds consecutively decrease; an output section for presenting the first to third sounds at the determined frequency and sound pressures; a characteristic amount extraction section for extracting a characteristic amount concerning time-frequency information of an event-related potential in a time range after presenting the first to third sounds; a gain determination section for determining a hearing aid gain for the frequency of the sound stimulation group against a predetermined criterion based on the characteristic amounts.
Packet loss concealment for bidirectional ear-to-ear streaming
Embodiments of packet loss concealment in a hearing assistance device are generally described herein. A method for packet loss concealment can include receiving, at a first hearing assistance device, a first encoded packet stream from a second hearing assistance device and a signal frame. The method can include encoding, at the first hearing assistance device, the signal frame and determining, at the first hearing assistance device, that a second encoded packet stream was not received from the second hearing assistance device within a predetermined time. In response to determining that the second encoded packet stream was not received, the method can include decoding, at the first hearing assistance device, the encoded signal frame, and outputting the signal frame and the decoded signal frame.
VAD detection microphone and method of operating the same
A microphone includes a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) circuit and an integrated circuit. The MEMS circuit is configured to convert a voice signal into an electrical signal, and the integrated circuit is coupled to the MEMS circuit and is configured to receive the electrical signal. The integrated circuit and the MEMS circuit receive a clock signal from an external host. The clock signal is effective to cause the MEMS circuit and integrated circuit to operate in full system operation mode during a first time period and in a voice activity mode of operation during a second time period. The voice activity mode has a first power consumption and the full system operation mode has a second power consumption. The first power consumption is less than the second power consumption. The integrated circuit is configured to generate an interrupt upon the detection of voice activity, and send the interrupt to the host.
A speaker system may include a dome-shaped shell defining an internal cavity, a receiver configured to receive audio signals from a wireless-enabled device and positioned in the internal cavity, and a plurality of speakers positioned at least partially within the internal cavity and in audio communication with the receiver, wherein the wireless receiver and speakers are configured to project audio outward of the dome-shaped shell. At least some of the plurality of speakers are facing outward of the dome-shaped shell, wherein the at least some of the plurality of speakers are at least partially upward and partially forward facing and configured to project audio outward of the dome-shaped shell in at least a partially forward direction. Some of the plurality of speakers could also be forward facing and downward facing. The shell can take the form of a sports helmet.
Bass enhancement system
A bass enhancement system can provide an enhanced bass effect for speakers, including relatively small speakers. The bass enhancement system can apply one or more bass enhancements to an input audio signal. For example, the bass enhancement system can exploit how the human ear processes overtones and harmonics of low-frequency sounds to create the perception that non-existent (or attenuated) low-frequency sounds are being emitted from a loudspeaker. The bass enhancement system can generate harmonics of at least some low-frequency fundamental frequencies in one embodiment. Playback of at least some harmonics of a low-frequency fundamental frequency can cause a listener to perceive the playback of the low-frequency fundamental frequency. Advantageously, in certain embodiments, the bass enhancement system can generate these harmonics without performing processing-intensive pitch-detection techniques or the like to identify the fundamental frequencies.
Acoustic sound adsorption material having attached sphere matrix
A gas adsorbing material is provided. Specifically, there is provided a molded matrix of a plurality of spherically-shaped gas adsorbing material. The individual spheres comprise particles of a highly porous gas adsorbing material and a binder. The plurality of spheres are mixed with a second binder material and molded into a desired shape for use in the back volume of an acoustic transducer such as a loudspeaker device, a microphone or a balanced armature receiver.
Conformable adaptors for diffraction slots in speakers
The technology described in the document can be embodied in a speaker that includes one or more drivers, and an acoustic horn that includes a first side panel and a second side panel. Edges of the first and second side panels defines an opening for receiving acoustic outputs from one or more drivers. The speaker also includes a manifold disposed between the opening and the one or more drivers, the manifold including a plurality of acoustic passages for connecting the opening to each of the one or more drivers, and an adaptor. The adaptor is disposed between the manifold and the acoustic horn, and includes multiple apertures for the plurality of acoustic passages. The adaptor is configured to conform to a profile of the opening while maintaining a seal between the acoustic horn and the plurality of acoustic passages.
Glasses apparatus and method for controlling glasses apparatus, audio apparatus and method for providing audio signal and display apparatus
A glasses apparatus and a controlling method thereof, and a display apparatus are provided. The glasses apparatus is configured to operate with the display apparatus, and includes a communicator configured to perform communication with the display apparatus; an osteophony speaker configured to output audio received from the display apparatus; and a controller configured to control the communicator to receive contents audio from the display apparatus if the display apparatus provides a contents image, and to receive call audio from the display apparatus if the display apparatus performs a call function with an external user, and to output one of the received contents audio and call audio to the osteophony speaker.
Adaptive residual feedback suppression
A hearing aid includes: an input transducer for generating an audio signal; a feedback suppression circuit configured for modelling a feedback path of the hearing aid; a subtractor for subtracting an output signal of the feedback suppression circuit from the audio signal to form a feedback compensated audio signal; a signal processor that is coupled to an output of the subtractor for processing the feedback compensated audio signal to perform hearing loss compensation; and a receiver that is coupled to an output of the signal processor for converting the processed feedback compensated audio signal into a sound signal; wherein the hearing aid further comprises a gain processor for performing gain adjustment of the feedback compensated audio signal based at least on an estimate of a residual feedback signal of the feedback compensated audio signal, wherein the estimate of the residual feedback signal is based at least on the audio signal.
Methods of generating tactile user feedback utilizing headphone devices and related systems
Methods of generating tactile user feedback utilizing headphone devices may involve sending a feedback signal from a computing device to a headphone device operatively connected to the computing device. A tactile vibration may be generated utilizing a tactile bass vibrator of the headphone device in response to the feedback signal. Systems for generating tactile user feedback utilizing headphone devices may include a headphone device operatively connected to a computing device, the headphone device comprising a tactile bass vibrator configured to generate a tactile vibration in response to a feedback signal received from the computing device. The computing device may be programmed to send a feedback signal to the headphone device in response to a predetermined event.
Network aggregation in a computing shelf/tray
Embodiments of the present disclosure provide arrangements for aggregating network traffic of compute nodes of various computing sleds of computing trays of a computing rack assembly in a data center. In one embodiment, a computing rack assembly may include a plurality of computing trays. A computing tray may removably include a number of sleds. Each sled may include a number of compute nodes. The computing tray may further include an optical network aggregation component to aggregate network traffic of the compute nodes of various sleds of a computing tray. Other embodiments may be described and/or claimed.
Communication device, receiving device, and communication system for transmitting information in daisy chain network
A communication device is included in a daisy chain connection. A receiver receives a first signal from a preceding device in the daisy chain connection. A transmitter transmits the first signal received in the receiver to a succeeding device in the daisy chain connection. An acceptor accepts a second signal starting from the communication device. The transmitter transmits the second signal accepted in the acceptor to the succeeding device at a transmission rate higher than a transmission rate of the first signal received in the receiver.
Method and an apparatus for processing a broadcast signal including an interactive broadcast service
A method of processing a broadcast signal including an interactive broadcast service at a transmitter is disclosed. The method comprises generating an parameter table containing metadata about applications and interactive broadcast events targeted to the applications, dividing the parameter table into a plurality of parameter blocks, inserting each of the parameter blocks into each of a plurality of parameter table sections, generating a trigger which is a signaling element to identify signaling and establish timing of playout of the interactive broadcast events, inserting the trigger into a closed caption channel of the broadcast signal, transmitting the broadcast signal including the closed caption channel and a specific channel carrying the plurality of parameter table sections, wherein the trigger includes location information specifying a location of the parameter table in the broadcast signal.
Method and apparatus for selecting an access method for delivery of media
Various methods are described for selecting an access method for receiving a DASH media presentation. One example method may comprise providing for reception of a media presentation description. The media presentation description may identify a first set of access methods for receiving media and may provide attribute values associated with each of the access methods. The method of this example embodiment may further comprise identifying a second set of access methods supported by an apparatus. Furthermore, the method of this example embodiment may comprise determining a third set of access methods belonging to both the first set and the second set. The method of this example embodiment may further comprise selecting an access method from the third set based at least in part on the attribute values associated with the access method. Similar and related example methods, example apparatuses, and example computer program products are also provided.
Seamless trick-mode with decreased latency for live transcode streaming
A method for performing trick-mode operations with decreased latency for transcode streaming includes receiving and recording a stream of video data. A single transcoder may transcode the stream of video data and generate output video data in an output buffer following. Segmentation index information may be generated that refers to the output data in the output buffer. Skip-backwards, skip-ahead, and resume requests received from a client device are responded by retrieving transcoded video data from the output buffer or retrieving and transcoding video data from an input storage. A method for performing skip-ahead trick-mode operation with decreased latency may use two transcoders such as two threads of the single transcoder to transcode temporally current content and forward content. The forward content may be associated with a forward time offset with respect to the temporally current content. The transcoded forward content is provided in response to skip-ahead trick mode request.
Methods and systems for real-time transmuxing of streaming media content
Systems and methods for providing a full reverse translating proxy for streaming media content, which can employ session tracking or transmuxing, or both. The described system can be integrated seamlessly into an existing adaptive streaming environment. The system can transmux each request from a client into a delivery format supported by an origin content server, and vice versa, irrespective of the specific delivery format used by either the client or server. Conversely, the system can further transmux the requested content into the delivery format used by the client. A stateful session model can link each request from a specific end user for a specific piece of content to a particular identified client streaming session.
Method and apparatus for band separation for multiband communication systems
Aspects of a method and apparatus for band separation for multiband communication systems are provided. One or more circuits for use in a transceiver may comprise a triplexer and a leakage processing module. The triplexer may comprise a first port, a Multimedia Over Coaxial Alliance (MoCA) port, a television upstream port, and a television downstream port. The leakage processing module may comprise a television downstream input port, a cable television downstream output port, a MoCA port, and a cable television upstream port. The leakage processing module may be operable to (1) process a MoCA signal to generate a first compensation signal; (2) process a cable upstream signal to generate a second compensation signal; (3) process a filtered signal based at least in part on the first and second compensation signals; and (4) output the processed filtered signal via the cable television downstream output port of said leakage processing module.
Integrating video share and text messaging with set-top box and access point
Techniques provide for converged wireline and wireless services in part by employing a set-top box (STB) with machine-to-machine (M2M) communication. The STB, associated with an access point, such as a femtocell, can be used to send/receive messages, including video, to/from user equipment (UE) via a core network. A monitoring system includes a sensor component that is triggered under specified conditions, and the STB records events in response to the trigger, where a recorded event can be sent as a message to the UE. The STB or associated remote control can indicate a received message to a user, who can view the message on the STB, remote control, or associated television. A meter component is associated with the STB via the femtocell or other desired connection. The STB can receive and store utility meter readings for validation or dispute by the user.
Information processing apparatus, information processing method, and information processing program
An information processing apparatus obtains the moving image identification information of a moving image, the time at which a specifying operation was performed, and a position specified on a display unit. When an object was specified, the information processing apparatus further obtains object information. The information processing apparatus obtains, from storage means, object information corresponding to all of the following: the obtained moving image identification information; a time being within a predetermined period of time ending at the obtained time; and a position being within a predetermined distance from the obtained position. The information processing apparatus causes information about an object indicated by the obtained object information to be presented to a user.
Methods, systems, and media for presenting supplemental information corresponding to on-demand media content
Methods, systems, and media for presenting supplemental information corresponding to on-demand media content are provided. In some implementations, the method comprises: receiving an indication from a web browser extension executing within a web browsing application that a media content item is being presented on a content provider website; identifying the media content item being presented on the content provider website; determining whether supplemental content associated with the broadcasted media content item is available; in response to determining that the supplemental content is available, causing the web browser extension to present an indicator that the supplemental content is available; obtaining the supplemental content corresponding to the broadcasted media content item, wherein each piece of the supplemental content is associated with timing information of the broadcasted media content item; and causing a portion of the obtained supplemental content to be presented concurrently with the media content item in response to detecting that the indicator has been selected.
Contents playback system based on dynamic layer
The present disclosure relates to a contents playback system based on a dynamic layer, which is implemented in a mobile device for playing contents on the basis of a dynamic layer, the contents playback system including at least: a first display unit for outputting a first content list; and a second display unit which is disposed while overlapping the first display unit and displays information on currently played playback contents, wherein the second display unit comprises a progress unit for representing a progress state and a display unit for displaying a screen of the playback contents, and the mode of the second display unit varies to one of a first mode corresponding to a deactivated state and a second mode corresponding to an activated state.
Image information processing server
As an embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an information terminal comprising: an input/output part for performing input and output with respect to an image storage device for storing image information captured by an imaging terminal; a storage part for associating and storing image identification information for identifying the image information, summary image information that includes less information than the image information, and device identification information for identifying the image storage device; and a display part; wherein the device identification information stored in the storage part is displayed by the display part, the summary image information that is associated with device identification information selected from the device identification information displayed by the display part is displayed by the display part, and the image information associated with the summary image information selected from the summary image information displayed by the display part is displayed by the display part.
Automatic determination and retrieval of a favorite channel
A consumer electronic device tracks the current channel to which the electronic consumer device is tuned. The consumer electronic device determines an amount of time that the current channel remains unchanged. Based at least in part on this amount of time, the consumer electronic device determines whether the current channel should be stored as a favorite channel. When the consumer electronic device subsequently receives a favorite channel command, the consumer electronic device is caused to tune to the favorite channel that is currently stored in memory. Changing user preferences are thus automatically accommodated without manual intervention, resulting in an effortless user interface.
Device and method for receiving media content
Provided is a media content receiving method of a media content receiving device. The method includes: receiving information on a content location information file; receiving the content location information file by using the information on the content location information file; measuring a current bandwidth; requesting a first media content through a first network on the basis of the current bandwidth and the content location information file; receiving the first media content through the first network; and consuming the first media content.
Reception apparatus, reception method, transmission apparatus, and transmission method
Enable appropriate caching of application programs executed in coordination with AV content. The cache memory temporarily stores a coordinated application that is executed in coordination with received AV content. When a plurality of coordinated applications are stored in the cache memory, a control block controls the cache memory according to the priority of the coordinated applications which corresponds to a predetermined frequency specified for each of them in advance. The present technology is applicable to, for example, television receivers that receive digital television broadcast signals.
Determination bitstream decoding capability in video coding
A multi-layer video decoder is configured to determine, based on a list of triplet entries, whether the multi-layer video decoder is capable of decoding a bitstream that comprises an encoded representation of the multi-layer video data. The number of triplet entries in the list is equal to a number of single-layer decoders in the multi-layer video decoder. Each respective triplet entry in the list of triplet entries indicates a profile, a tier, and a level for a respective single-layer decoder in the multi-layer video decoder. The multi-layer video decoder is configured such that, based on the multi-layer video decoder being capable of decoding the bitstream, the multi-layer video decoder decodes the bitstream.
System and method for associating individual household members with television programs viewed
A method executes at a server system with one or more processors and memory. The server receives demographic information for a plurality of household members. The demographic information includes at least age and gender. The server receives television viewing information for the household. The server identifies one or more television viewing sessions from the television viewing information and selects one of the television viewing sessions. The server identifies one or more television programs tuned during the selected televisions viewing session and accesses demographic skew data for at least a subset of the television programs tuned. The demographic skew data for a television program identifies fractions of viewers of the television program from predefined demographic segments. The server associates a household member with the television viewing session at least in part by correlating the demographic skew data of the television programs tuned with the demographic information of the first household member.
Systems and methods for consumer control over interactive television exposure
Systems and Methods for allowing a user to control access to interactive television applications and events are provided. One method includes detecting an interactive television event destined for a user's device, and determining at least one of whether the interactive television application event is allowed, disallowed, or conditionally allowed to be executed on the user's device. The determining may include generating a query based on the interactive television application event and checking the query against a preference database containing one or more user preferences.
Remote control device with programming guide information
A remote control device comprising: a display, at least one processor, and a storage device. The storage device stores instructions that when executed cause the at least one processor to: receive, from a television, a first subset of programming guide information, output, for display, a first user interface including at least some of the first subset of the programming guide information, receive, after outputting the first user interface, an indication of input, determine, based on the indication of input, a second subset of the programming guide information, receive, from the television, the second subset of the programming guide information, and output, for display, a second user interface including at least some of the second subset of the programming guide information.
Interactive load balancing among DVRs based on customer selection
A technique for load balancing between first and second DVRs includes receiving a customer selection of content with respect to load balancing between the DVRs, and responsive to the customer selection and based at least in part on a storage size of one content, execute a load balancing algorithm to move at least some content from the first DVR to the second DVR. Responsive to the customer selection and based at least in part on a storage size of a future content, a DVR is selected to record the future content at a future recording time.
Generating a playlist that includes local segment identifiers and remote segment identifiers for media content
A device may receive a segment of media content, and may store the segment in a first location local to the device. The device may generate a playlist, for accessing the media content, that includes a first segment identifier that identifies the first location local to the device. The device may determine that the first segment identifier is to be replaced with a second segment identifier that identifies a second location, remote from the device, from which the segment is accessible. The device may replace, in the playlist, the first segment identifier with the second segment identifier based on determining that the first segment identifier is to be replaced with the second segment identifier. The device may delete the segment from the first location.
Rule-based selection of content
An apparatus includes a network interface. The apparatus includes a processor coupled to the network interface. The apparatus further includes memory accessible to the processor. The memory includes instructions that are executable by the processor to perform operations. The operations include receiving user history information associated with customer premise equipment device. The operations include generating a rule associated with a startup screen based on the user history information and based on additional information. The additional information is based on information extrapolated from the user history information and based on external information that is not directly accessed by or provided to the customer premise equipment device. The operations further include initiating a transmission of the rule to the customer premise equipment device.
System and method for making a content item, resident or accessible on one resource, available through another
Systems and methods are provided to make content items, already available on one resource, also available through another, such as through a new location or resource. The content items may be, e.g., videos uploaded by a user or other content. The systems and methods employ a streamlined interface for convenience to the user. In one example, a user of a computer system views a video segment through a first website and re-posts the video segment to a second website by entering a single command or clicking a single button. The websites coordinate the re-posting using credentials previously or contemporaneously entered by the user. Moreover, a content item may be automatically prepared for re-posting on the target website using previously-entered user selections. Playback software from a source website may be posted to a target website to allow access of the content item at the source website.
Method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving additional information in a broadcast communication system
A method for receiving additional information from a device in a broadcast communication system is provided. The method includes receiving broadcast information provided from a broadcast service provider over a broadcast channel, extracting application information from the broadcast information, acquiring location information for the additional information associated with a broadcast content from the application information, and transmitting the location information for the additional information to a peer device for displaying the additional information.
Event pop-ups for video selection
A computer program product for notifying a viewer of content relevant to the viewer's interests is provided. A computer identifies an identity of a viewer of a display device, wherein the display device is displaying a first video feed. A computer determines a plurality of preferences of the viewer. A computer retrieves a profile of the viewer, wherein the profile includes the plurality of preferences of the viewer. In response to a determination that a content of a second video feed that is available for viewing on the display device matches at least one of the plurality of preferences of the viewer, a computer generates a notification of the second video feed. In response to receiving an acceptance of the notification, a computer sends a command to the display device to display the second video feed.
Multi-layer video file format designs
A computing device generates a file that comprises a media data box that encloses media content. The media content comprises a sequence of samples. Each of the samples is an access unit of multi-layer video data. Responsive to a determination that at least one access unit of a bitstream of the multi-layer video data includes a coded picture that has a picture output flag equal to a first value and a coded picture that has a picture output flag equal to a second value, the computing device uses at least two tracks to store the bitstream in the file. For each respective track from the at least two tracks, all coded pictures in each sample of the respective track have the same value of the picture output flag.
Video encoder and operation method thereof
To reduce noise or the like generated at a boundary of tiles introduced in a video coding method. In a motion vector detection unit, a first tile video signal and a second tile video signal included in one picture are supplied to a first detection unit and a second detection unit, and a reference image is supplied from a frame memory to the first detection unit and the second detection unit. The first detection unit performs processing, by inter prediction, on the video signal positioned on or in the vicinity of a tile boundary between a first tile and another tile among many video signals included in the first tile. In this processing, the first detection unit generates a motion vector so as to preferentially refer to the reference image included in another tile different from the first tile among the reference images read out from the frame memory.
Field/frame adaptive decoding with field/frame index
A moving picture coding method for coding a picture with switching between frame coding and field coding adaptively on a block-by-block basis includes: determining the maximum number of reference indices for field coding for specifying fields which are to be referred to at the time of field coding, using the maximum number of reference indices for frame coding for specifying frames which are to be referred to at the time of frame coding; and assigning to fields the reference indices for field coding for specifying fields which are to be referred to at the time of field coding, within a range of the determined maximum number thereof, using the reference indices for frame coding for specifying frames which are to be referred to at the time of frame coding.
Image decoding method
An image decoding method includes: dividing a current block into sub-blocks; deriving, for each sub-block, one or more prediction information candidates; obtaining an index; and decoding the current block using the prediction information candidate selected by the index. The deriving includes: determining whether a neighboring block neighboring each sub-block is included in the current block, and when not included in the current block, determining the neighboring block to be a reference block available to the sub-block, and when included in the current block, determining the neighboring block not to be the reference block; and deriving a prediction information candidate of the sub-block from prediction information of the reference block; and when the number of prediction information candidates is smaller than a predetermined number, generating one or more new candidates without using the prediction information of the reference block till the number of prediction information candidates reaches the predetermined number.
Method, apparatus and system for encoding and decoding the significance map for residual coefficients of a transform unit
Decoding includes identifying a scan pattern by which the bitstream is decoded. A set index value is decoded from the bitstream that specifies a set of flags according to the scan pattern that contains a last significant coefficient flag of the significance map, and individual significance flags are decoded and the decoded values written into the significance map according to the scan pattern and including the specified set of flags. Encoding a significance map includes identifying a scan pattern by which the significance map is scanned to form a list of significant coefficient flags. Encoding identifies a group of significant coefficient flags including a last significant coefficient flag and referencing the identified group with a scan index value. The significance map is then scanned in accordance with the scan pattern up to and including an entirety of the identified group and the scanned flag values then encoded.
Video encoding system and method
A video encoding system is disclosed to process a video file into one or more desired formats. The video file may have portions processed in parallel. The video encoding system may include a scalable computing resource. The scalable computing resource may be provided by a cloud computing platform.
Indication of cross-layer picture type alignment in multi-layer video coding
In one example, the disclosure is directed to techniques that include receiving a bitstream comprising at least a syntax element, a first network abstraction layer unit type, and a coded access unit comprising a plurality of pictures. The techniques further include determining a value of the syntax element which indicates whether the access unit was coded using cross-layer alignment. The techniques further include determining the first network abstraction layer unit type for a picture in the access unit and determining whether the first network abstraction layer unit type equals a value in a range of type values. The techniques further include setting a network abstraction layer unit type for all other pictures in the coded access unit to equal the value of the first network abstraction layer unit type if the first network abstraction layer unit type is equal to a value in the range of type values.
Foreground motion detection in compressed video data
Technologies are generally described to identify foreground motion detection in compressed video data. In some examples, a foreground motion detection module may determine transform-coefficient-magnitude sums and motion-vector-magnitude sums associated with block coding units (BCUs) in compressed video data without decompressing the video data. The foreground motion detection module may also determine a background mean and a background co-variance associated with the compressed video data. To determine whether the BCU(s) contain foreground motion, the foreground motion detection module may determine a statistic based on the transform-coefficient-magnitude sums, the motion-vector magnitude sums, the background mean, and the background co-variance and compare the statistic to a threshold.
Method of deriving quantization parameter with differental and predicted quantization parameters
An apparatus of decoding an image is discussed. The apparatus can include an intra prediction unit for generating a prediction block using an intra prediction mode of a current prediction unit; an inverse scanning unit for inversely scanning significant flags, coefficient signs and coefficient levels according to an inverse scan pattern which is selected based on the intra prediction mode and a size of a transform unit to generate a quantized block; an inverse quantization unit for inversely quantizing the quantized block using a quantization parameter and a quantization matrix to generate a transform block; an inverse transform unit for inversely transform the transform block to generate a residual block; and an adder for adding the prediction block and the residual block to generate a reconstructed block.
Method of deriving quantization parameter with differential and predicted quantization parameters
A method of inversely quantizing a quantized block is discussed. The method according to an embodiment includes restoring a differential quantization parameter, generating a quantization parameter predictor, generating a quantization parameter using the differential quantization parameter and the quantization parameter predictor, and inversely quantizing the quantized block using the quantization parameter and a quantization matrix.
Image processing apparatus and method
Provided is an image processing apparatus which includes a setting unit assigning a control block, which is a control unit of a filter process that is locally performed with respect to an image, to an initial position of the image determined based on a predetermined reference point; a movement unit moving the control block, which has been assigned to the initial position of the image by the setting unit, up to a position in which the result of the filter process is improved; and a filter processing unit performing the filter process for the respective control blocks which has been moved by the movement unit.
Lossless video coding systems and methods
In some embodiments, a lossless 2D video decoder includes multiple parallel speculative decoding engines, each performing a sample-determination calculation according to one of several possible context values for the current pixel to be decoded. The actual context depends on a quantized value of a local inter-pixel gradient, which may become available only when an immediately-neighboring pixel has been decoded. A multiplexer selects one of the decoding engine outputs when the immediately-neighboring pixel has been decoded and the actual context becomes available. A sample (e.g. luma and/or chroma) value for the current pixel may be determined according to: a baseline prediction generated by applying a median filter to immediately-neighboring pixels; a context-dependent adjustment dependent on local context statistics; and a delta (difference) value read from a video bitstream. Determining multiple context-dependent adjustments in parallel before the actual context is determined allows decoding one pixel per clock cycle.
Inter-layer prediction between layers of different dynamic sample value range
The ratio between coding quality on the one hand and coding rate on the other hand is increased. To this end, a global predictor and a local predictor are used in combination. The global predictor derives a global tone-mapping function based on a statistical analysis of pairs of values of co-located samples in the first tone-mapped version and the second version of the picture, and applies the global tone-mapping function onto the first tone-mapped version of the picture. The local predictor locally derives a locally varying tone-mapping function based on a statistical analysis of values of co-located samples in the second version of the picture and the globally predicted reference picture in units of sub-portions into which the globally predicted reference picture and the second version of the picture are partitioned, and applies the locally varying tone-mapping function onto the globally predicted reference picture.
Method of anticipating component failure in broadband network devices
There is provided a method of anticipating component failure in broadband network devices, the method comprising monitoring values of AC ripple voltage on a DC voltage from a power supply associated with a CATV amplifier or node, comparing values of AC ripple voltage with a set value to determine whether the value of AC ripple voltage are acceptable or not, generating an alarm when the set value is exceeded and sending the alarm to a remote computing device. The monitoring step further comprises amplifying the AC ripple voltage by a factor of 10 and passing the amplified signal to a processing means for comparison with the set value. A circuit for monitoring the ripple voltage is also provided.
Tracked automultiscopic 3D tabletop display
An apparatus for displaying three dimensional (3D) images to a viewer without the need for 3D glasses. The apparatus includes a display element with a lenticular display surface that is supported to be horizontal and face upward into a viewing space. The apparatus includes a location tracking element tracking a location of a viewer in the viewing space relative to the lenticular display surface. The apparatus includes a display controller generating reprojected content for operating the display element to display 3D images via the lenticular display surface. The reprojected content is generated by determining for each pixel of the display element the content or images passing through tracked and/or determined eye locations and then remapping content delivered to each of the pixels of the display element to achieve a predefined pattern of content in viewpoints of fixed camera positions for the display element.
Disparity determination for images from an array of disparate image sensors
Disparity is determined for images from an array of disparate image sensors. In one example, a method includes processing images from multiple cameras of a camera array to reduce variations caused by variations in the in the image sensors of the respective cameras, the multiple cameras including a reference camera and at least one secondary camera, and determining multiple baseline disparities from the image from the reference camera to the images from the secondary cameras.
Image processing apparatus and image processing method
The present technique relates to an image processing apparatus and an image processing method capable of generating a color image of a display viewpoint using a color image and a depth image of a predetermined viewpoint. The viewpoint generation information generation unit generates viewpoint generation information used to generate a color image of a display viewpoint in accordance with a generation method of the color image of the display viewpoint obtained by performing warping processing using multi-viewpoint corrected color images and multi-viewpoint depth images. The multi-viewpoint image encoding unit encodes the multi-viewpoint corrected color images and the multi-viewpoint depth images, and transmits them with the viewpoint generation information. The present technique can be applied to, for example, a multi-viewpoint image processing apparatus.
Method and apparatus for selecting compression for an incoming video signal in an interactive television system
A method and apparatus for applying a variable compression factor to an incoming video stream in an STB. An increased amount of video may be stored within a PVR or disk on a STB by reducing the data storage requirements of incoming video based on available storage space and the type and size of the incoming video bit stream. Included are real time compression, or reduction in storage space requirements, by various data reduction methodologies including removing bits from the incoming video stream to reduce the amount of storage required to store the video stream. A background data reduction or compression technique is also provided wherein the incoming video stream is stored and data is reduced or further compressed at a later time to reduce data storage requirements.
Imaging apparatus and image processing system processing image based on detection result of partial region
An imaging apparatus includes an image sensor, a control unit, a first image processing unit, and a second image processing unit. The image sensor includes a plurality of pixels, each of which includes a photoelectric conversion unit which converts light into an electric charge. The control unit makes a first control line output a signal based on the electric charge of the photoelectric conversion unit to a first signal line, and makes a second control line output a signal based on the electric charge of the photoelectric conversion unit to a second signal line. The first image processing unit performs first image processing for the signal output to the second signal line. The second image processing unit performs second image processing for the signal output to the first signal line based on a result of the first image processing in the first image processing unit.
Image processing apparatus, image pickup apparatus, image processing method, and non-transitory computer-readable medium
An image processing apparatus includes: a gain calculating portion and a gain multiplication portion that perform signal enhancement with respect to an input image constituted by pixels having a plurality of color signals, with an intensity in accordance with signal values of each pixel, without changing a chroma and a hue; and a gamma correction portion that performs, for each pixel, tone conversion of a plurality of color signals that are subjected to signal enhancement, based on a weak gamma conversion curve in which a degree of gamma enhancement is weaker than in a basic gamma conversion curve which performs conversion such that a signal value of a halftone region at a time of outputting in a case where signal enhancement is not performed becomes a signal value in an appropriate output value range.
Projector including image forming units and first and second optical systems
A projector has a light source, image forming units, a projection lens, a first optical system and a second optical system. The image forming units form image light by adjusting, on a per-pixel basis, the intensity of light emitted by the light source. The projection lens projects the image light formed by the image forming units to the outside. The first optical system guides light of a first wavelength emitted by the light source to the projection lens, and the second optical system guides light of a second wavelength emitted by the light source to the projection lens. The f-number of the first optical system is higher than the f-number of the second optical system.
RGB-RWB dual images by multi-layer sensors towards better image quality
Using improved Image Signal Processing (ISP) along with a multi-layer Color Filter Array (CFA) architecture to capture both the Red-Green-Blue (RGB) as well as the Red-X-Blue (RXB) images substantially simultaneously on the same Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) image sensor chip in a single shot so that subsequent image processing stage(s) can choose between RGB and RXB images to improve the quality of the final image. The color “X” in the RXB image may be a white color, a yellow color, or a cyan color. In contrast to the individual RWB or RGB imaging based conventional CMOS sensors, the disclosed CMOS sensor with one or more layers of specifically-selected CFAs can capture both the RGB and RXB images in a single shot using associated ISP. The multi-layer sensor may be an organic sensor or a stacked X3 sensor. The dual RGB-RXB imaging may reduce colorblindness, chromatic aberration, and saturation artifacts.
Plug and play network system, plug and play network video recorder, and control method thereof
A plug and play network system, a plug and play network video recorder, and its control method. The network system comprises a remote browser device, a plurality of slave devices and a master device. When the slave devices are connected to the master device, each slave device can obtain its own IP address from a dynamic host configuration protocol unit disposed in the master device. Meanwhile, the master device can obtain the universal plug and play signal from each universal plug and play unit disposed in the slave devices. Thus, each signal capturing unit disposed in the slave devices can actively transmit the captured signal to the data processing unit in the master device. The data processing unit processes and transmits the captured signal to a remote browser device. The remote browser device displays the captured signal on the different sections of the screen thereof.
System and method of delivering video content
A system and method of delivering video content is disclosed. In a particular embodiment, the method includes receiving channel selection data from a set-top box device via an Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) access network. The channel selection data indicates a selection of an IPTV channel. The method also includes sending a rapid channel change (RCC) request to a distribution switch/router system via a subscriber virtual local area network (VLAN) associated with the set-top box device after receiving the channel selection data. The RCC request indicates the selected IPTV channel.
Method and system for video conferencing units
In one embodiment a system and method is described, the system and method including a first camera, which, when activated, captures a first video of a first field of view (FOV) a first display spatially associated with the first camera, the first display for displaying video received from a remote site when the first camera is activated, a second camera, which, when activated, captures a second video of a second FOV, a second display spatially associated with the second camera, the second display for displaying video received from the remote site when the second camera is activated, and a processor which controls the first camera, the second camera, the first display, the second display, and a triggering mechanism, wherein the triggering mechanism activates the first camera to capture video in the first FOV, identifies over time if a mode change occurs and upon identifying the mode change, deactivates the first camera and the first display and activates the second camera and the second display. Related apparatus, systems and methods are also described.
Method and system for visualizing social connections in a video meeting
A method implemented on a computing device for conducting a video conference includes identifying at least some attendees of the video conference, acquiring a social graph associated with at least some of the attendees, and presenting at least a representation of a portion of the social graph to the attendees during said video conference.
Use of face and motion detection for best view framing in video conference endpoint
A video conference endpoint detects faces at associated face positions in video frames capturing a scene. The endpoint frames the video frames to a view of the scene encompassing all of the detected faces. The endpoint detects that a previously detected face is no longer detected. In response, a timeout period is started and independently of detecting faces, motion is detected across the view. It is determined if any detected motion (i) coincides with the face position of the previously detected face that is no longer detected, and (ii) occurs before the timeout period expires. If conditions (i) and (ii) are not both met, the endpoint reframes the view.
Image display method and apparatus
An image display method and apparatus are disclosed. When a background image and a foreground image are displayed in an overlapping manner, the comprehensibility of the foreground image is enhanced by adjusting the brightness of the background image on the basis of the external illumination, of the brightness difference between the background image and the foreground image, or of the image complexity of the background or foreground images.
Provided is a semiconductor device including: a first substrate having a first circuit manufactured thereon; a second substrate having a second circuit manufactured thereon and being arranged to be spaced apart from the first substrate; connection part that is arranged between the first substrate and the second substrate and electrically connect the first circuit and the second circuit; and a shielding layer that is sandwiched, together with the connection part, between the first substrate and the second substrate, is arranged so as to surround the connection part, and is connected to an electric potential with a constant value within at least one of the first substrate and the second substrate.
Method and system for implementing dynamic ground sharing in an image sensor with pipeline architecture
A method of implementing dynamic ground sharing in an image sensor with pipeline architecture starts with a pixel array capturing image data. Pixel array includes pixels to generate pixel data signals, respectively. A readout circuitry acquires the image data from a row in the pixel array. An analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) circuitry included in the readout circuitry samples the image data from the row to obtain sampled input data. When the ADC circuitry is sampling, a ground sharing switch is closed to couple the pixel array and the ADC circuitry to a common ground. When the ADC circuitry is not sampling, the ground sharing switch is open to separate the pixel array and the ADC circuitry from the common ground. The ADC circuitry converts the sampled image data from analog to digital to obtain an ADC output. Other embodiments are described.
As a control signal used for resetting a photodiode, a control signal for selecting an adjacent pixel row is used. Accordingly, the number of kinds of used control signals decreases, and a decrease in the area of the photodiode is prevented. In addition, a period in which all of a plurality of control signals selecting an adjacent pixel row are active is provided by setting an active period of a control signal selecting a pixel row to a period longer than a period in which a signal of one pixel row is read. Therefore, a CDS operation is realized.
Solid-state imaging device and electronic equipment
A solid-state imaging device includes a pixel unit in which a plurality of pixels converting physical quantities into electric signals are arranged in a two-dimensional shape, a vertical signal line for reading signals from the pixels, and column circuits arranged corresponding to columns of the pixel unit and collecting the signals from the vertical signal line at the inside of the pixel unit.
Signal processing device and method, imaging device and solid state imaging element
A signal processing device includes a control unit that suspends supplying of a signal to an A/D conversion unit which performs A/D conversion, during an A/D conversion period in which the A/D conversion is performed on the signal that depends on an electric charge read from a pixel; and a maintenance unit that maintains a signal value of the signal in a state where the signal is supplied by the control unit to the A/D conversion unit and that supplies the maintained signal value to the A/D conversion unit in a state where the supplying of the signal to the A/D conversion unit is suspended by the control unit.
Spatio-temporal light field cameras
Spatio-temporal light field cameras that can be used to capture the light field within its spatio temporally extended angular extent. Such cameras can be used to record 3D images, 2D images that can be computationally focused, or wide angle panoramic 2D images with relatively high spatial and directional resolutions. The light field cameras can be also be used as 2D/3D switchable cameras with extended angular extent. The spatio-temporal aspects of the novel light field cameras allow them to capture and digitally record the intensity and color from multiple directional views within a wide angle. The inherent volumetric compactness of the light field cameras make it possible to embed in small mobile devices to capture either 3D images or computationally focusable 2D images. The inherent versatility of these light field cameras makes them suitable for multiple perspective light field capture for 3D movies and video recording applications.
Method of imaging a target in a night sky
A method is provided for detecting a target not emitting in the wavelength region lying between 1 μm and 1.9 μm. The target is situated in a night sky luminous environment of level less than or equal to 4. Use is made of an imaging device of focal length f and of pupil diameter D, comprising at least one detector comprising types of pixels configured to operate in the wavelength region lying between 1 μm and 1.9 μm, the detectors exhibiting a noise level of less than 0.6×1015/(f/D)2, and from the image obtained by this device is extracted at least one negative-contrast zone, that is to say a black zone on a bright background corresponding to the presence of the target in the night sky of level less than or equal to 4.
Imaging apparatus and imaging method
An imaging apparatus, comprising a lens unit having a photographing optical system, and a body having an image sensor for generating a pixel signal by imaging subject light that has passed through the photographing optical system, comprising an exposure control section for adjusting exposure amount for image data based on a pixel signal generated by the image sensor, by transmitting an aperture control signal to the aperture control section and changing opening of the aperture, and a determination section for determining whether or not the aperture control section is able to control opening of the aperture based on information from the lens unit, wherein the exposure control section does not transmit aperture control signals to the aperture control section when it is determined by the determination section that the aperture control section is able to control opening of the aperture.
Image capturing apparatus capable of compositing images generated using the same development parameter and control method therefor
An image capturing apparatus that includes an image capturing unit; an image capture control unit configured to control the image capturing unit to repeat image capture of frame images under different exposures; a development unit configured to apply development processing to each of the captured frame images; and a composition unit configured to generate a composite image by compositing temporally consecutive images that have been developed by the development unit, wherein the development unit generates, from one of the captured frame images, a first image and a second image that are associated with different development parameters, and the composition unit composites images generated using the same development parameter among images generated from the captured frame images that are temporally consecutive.
Image processing device, imaging device, image processing method, and computer readable medium, capable of improving visibility of a boundary line between a first display image and a second display image for use in focus-checking
There is provided an image processing device, includes: a first display image generation section that generates a first display image; a second display image generation section that generates a second display image for use in focus-checking; an acquisition section that acquires color data of the first display image; a determination section that, based on the color data, determines as a display color for the second display image a color with different color characteristics from color characteristics of the first display image; and a display controller that displays on a display section the first display image generated by the first display image generation section, and displays on the display section the second display image generated by the second display image generation section within a display region of the first display image.
Camera field of view effects based on device orientation and scene content
Systems and methods to improve photo taking using an image capture device having a wide field of view (FOV) camera. In some embodiments, when the device is held in landscape orientation, a wide diagonal FOV may be displayed to the user on a preview screen of the device, and the landscape image may be captured in a wide, 16:9 aspect ratio. However, when the device is held in portrait orientation, the effective diagonal FOV of the device may be decreased via software and/or hardware, and a 4:3 aspect ratio image may be displayed and captured. In other embodiments, the captured portrait orientation image may be scaled, shifted, and/or cropped before being displayed to the user on the device's preview display screen, in such a manner that the user will naturally be inclined to hold the device in a position that will produce a more optimal self-portrait image.
Electronic device having multiple sides
An electronic device has an imaging device (such as a still camera or video camera) and is capable of displaying a viewfinder on one side or multiple sides of the device. The device may determine the side or sides on which to display the viewfinder based on factors such as user input, object proximity, grip detection, accelerometer data, and gyroscope data. In one implementation, the device has multiple imaging devices and can select which imaging device to use to capture an image based on the above factors as well.
Image capture and ordering
One or more techniques and/or systems are provided for ordering images for panorama stitching and/or for providing a focal point indicator for image capture. For example, one or more images, which may be stitched together to create a panorama of a scene, may be stored within an image stack according to one or more ordering preferences, such as where manually captured images are stored within a first/higher priority region of the image stack as compared to automatically captured images. One or more images within the image stack may be stitched according to a stitching order to create the panorama, such as using images in the first region for a foreground of the panorama. Also, a current position of a camera may be tracked and compared with a focal point of a scene to generate a focal point indicator to assist with capturing a new/current image of the scene.
Method and apparatus for operating camera function in portable terminal
A method and an apparatus for operating a camera function in a portable terminal are provided. State information representing at least one of a direction and a rotation state of the portable terminal is obtained, and at least one of a sequence of reading an image from a camera sensor and an appropriate user interface is determined depending on the state information. Thus, the camera function is performed depending on the determined sequence or user interface.
Image quality compensation system and method
A user authentication system and method. The user authentication system includes a camera and a processor connected to the camera. The processor receives images from the camera, searches for a user feature in the images, determines if the images require correction, adjusts camera controls in a pre-defined order to provide desired corrections, applies the desired corrections to subsequent images and authenticates the user based on the user feature in the corrected images.
Digital image processing using face detection and skin tone information
A technique for processing a digital image uses face detection to achieve one or more desired image processing parameters. A group of pixels is identified that corresponds to a face image within the digital image. A skin tone is detected for the face image by determining one or more default color or tonal values, or combinations thereof, for the group of pixels. Values of one or more parameters are adjusted for the group of pixels that correspond to the face image based on the detected skin tone.
Photographic apparatus and method using human face detection
Processing for judging whether a face is included in a frame is performed, in a predetermined interval, on each of frames included in a moving image of a subject, displayed on a monitor, until the judgment becomes positive. If it is judged that a face is included in a frame, the facial position is detected in the frame, and stored. Then, judgment is made as to whether a face is included in the next frame after predetermined time. If the judgment is positive, the facial position is detected. The previously stored facial position is replaced by the newly detected facial position, and the newly detected facial position is stored. These processes are repeated until photographing operation is performed by operating a release unit.
Focusing device, control method therefor, storage medium storing control program therefor, and image pickup apparatus
A focusing device that is capable of shortening focusing time even when contrast AR is started for an object in a defocus state. A first computation unit computes a contrast determination index that indicates contrast of an object based on an image obtained through an image pickup optical system. A second computation unit computes a focusing degree that indicates a degree of a focusing state to the object based on the image. A first setting unit sets up a contrast determination threshold according to the focusing degree. A second setting unit sets up an image pickup cycle for picking up the object according to the contrast determination index and the contrast determination threshold. A focusing unit focuses on the object by driving a focusing lens of the image pickup optical system along an optical axis based on the contrast determination index and the focusing degree.
Camera control method usable only by user present in photographing spot
A request to issue a photographing ID is received from a user and a first photographing ID is generated. The first photographing ID is issued from an ID issuer installed in a photographing spot. When a second photographing ID is received from a mobile terminal of the user, the first photographing ID is collated with the second photographing ID. When the collated photographing IDs are identical, a transmission source of the second photographing ID is authenticated as being present in the photographing spot. In accordance with an instruction from the authenticated transmission source of the second photographing ID, a photographing camera installed toward the photographing spot is controlled.
Movable-mechanical-section controlling device, method of controlling movable mechanical section, and program
A movable-mechanical-section controlling device includes a pan/tilt driving controlling unit configured to perform driving control on a movable mechanical section having a structure that moves so that an image pickup direction of an image pickup section that obtains an image-pickup image by performing an image pickup operation changes in a pan direction and a tilt direction. In the controlling device, unit pan operations that are performed in an angular range in the pan direction are performed for the respective two or more different tilt positions with decreasing angle of elevation at the tilt positions.
Camera cover and camera
A camera cover and camera capable of mitigating water drop and dirt adhesion and of ensuring image clarity are provided. A dome section (130) of the camera cover includes, on its outer surface (130a), a hydrophilic coating (131) made of an inorganic material whose main component is a silicon compound. The thickness of the hydrophilic coating (131) is 0.01 to 1 μm. Surface roughness Ra of the hydrophilic coating (131) is 0.06 μm or less.
Image refocusing for camera arrays
Techniques related to image refocusing for camera arrays using a space variant filter based on a pixel by pixel blur level associated with a difference between a reference image and a basic refocused image are discussed. Such techniques may include taking the difference between the reference image and the basic refocused image and applying a space variant filter to the basic refocused image to generate a final refocused image having a region of increased blur with respect to the all in focus reference image. The blur level implemented by the space variant filter may be based on the difference and, optionally, the reference image noise level and the reference image gradient.
Image processing apparatus, region detection method and computer-readable, non-transitory medium
An image processing apparatus includes a presumed background region extractor for extracting a presumed background region presumed to include an image of a background from an input image, a threshold value determination module for determining a threshold value based on pixels in the presumed background region, an edge pixel extractor for using the threshold value to extract edge pixels from the input image, and a document region detector for detecting a document region from the edge pixels.
Print system, control method, and print apparatus
A print apparatus comprises: a holding unit that holds destination information of a print server trusted as a request destination; a determination unit that determines, when a print request is received, whether destination information of a print server designated by the print request matches the held destination information; an access unit that requests access to the print server indicated by the held destination information if the determination unit determines that there is no match for the destination information; and an update unit that updates the held destination information to the destination information of the print server designated by the received print request if, as a response to the request, a destination that is the same as in the destination information of the print server designated by the received print request is received as a redirect destination.
Image forming apparatus controlling print timing
A control portion specifies an allowance time from a job reception time to a time at which a job sender reaches a self-apparatus, on the basis of allowance time specifying information acquired per print job data. Furthermore, the control portion controls a start time of a print process in accordance with an order in which an elapsed time from the job reception time is determined to have reached a planned start time. The planned start time is a time which is back-calculated from a time point when the allowance time elapses after the job reception, on the basis of a time required for the print process.
Information processing apparatus and user detection method
An information processing apparatus detects a first user and a second user that approaches the information processing apparatus by using a plurality of detection devices including a first detection device and a second detection device which is different from the first detection device. The information processing apparatus includes a second user determination unit configured to determine that a user detected by the first detection device is the second user, in a case where a certain time period has elapsed since the first detection device detects the user, at which the first user has been detected, the second detection device not detecting the user during the certain time period.
Scanner providing centered alignment marks
A scanner includes a platen having a surface supporting items for scanning, and a projector adjacent (e.g., above or below) the platen. The projector projects light displaying patterned alignment marks on the items located on the platen. The patterned alignment marks identify an alignment position for the items to be located on the platen for properly aligned scanning. The projector projects different patterned alignment marks based on different characteristics of different items to be scanned.
Sheet conveyance device, image reading device, image forming apparatus, and sensor unit
A double feed detection sensor unit includes a double feed detection sensor for detecting a document via a hole on a conveyance guide, a control circuit board on which the double feed detection sensor and an element are provided, and a protection member provided to cover the element.
Image reading apparatus and image forming apparatus comprising same
An image reading apparatus (6) includes a document placing table (6a) to an upper surface of which a contact glass (25) is fixed, and a document pressing device (24) supported at an end of the document placing table (6a) to be openable/closable via a hinge portion, and having, on its back surface side, a document presser (30) that presses a document placed on the contact glass (25). The document pressing device (24) includes a light transmission window (31) transmitting light in a front-surface-to-back-surface direction of the document pressing device (24). The light transmission window (31) is disposed at a position not overlapping with the contact glass (25) when the document pressing device (24) is at the closure position, and when the document pressing device (24) has moved in an opening direction from the closure position, light that has passed through the light transmission window (31) reaches the contact glass (25).
Image processing apparatus, method of controlling the same, information processing apparatus, method of controlling the same, and storage medium
An image processing apparatus containing a web server is provided. The image processing apparatus regularly notifies a web browser of an operation instruction. When it is determined that setting processing of a set value for an operation of the image processing apparatus is attached, whether or not there is a set value saved on the web browser is checked. When it is confirmed that there is a set value saved on the web browser, the web browser is caused to transmit the set value to the image processing apparatus. When the set value transmitted from the web browser is reflected on the image processing apparatus, the set value saved on the web browser is deleted.
Detecting sizes of documents scanned using handheld devices
An electronic document image of a document is captured using a camera of a handheld device. A user interface of the handheld device displays an instruction to place the handheld device on the document and to change the magnification of the electronic document image on the user interface until the electronic document image and the document are the same size. The handheld device automatically determines the original size of the document based on the magnification that made the electronic document image and the document the same size when the handheld device was on the document. The handheld device converts the electronic document image into an original size document image file based on the original size of the document.
Image forming apparatus, information processing method, and storage medium
An image forming apparatus includes a display unit configured to display a print target list of printing data corresponding to a login user, and a print control unit configured to execute print processing on data selected by the login user through the print target list displayed by the display unit. The print control unit is configured to execute the print processing on the data corresponding to the login user without selecting the data by the login user through the print target list when voice use setting of the login user is valid.
Cooperative system, information processing apparatus, and computer program product
An operation unit in a child device causes a main unit in the child device to execute a stand-alone job, and causes the main unit and a server device to execute a cooperating job. The main unit executes the stand-alone job every time it is requested, and generates and manages a stand-alone job log including stand-alone job log identification information. The server device controls the execution of stand-alone jobs included in the cooperating job based on a request for executing the cooperating job, and manages cooperating job identification information associated with the stand-alone job log identification information of the stand-alone jobs included in the cooperating job. The server device acquires the stand-alone job logs from the main unit and extracts the stand-alone job logs including the stand-alone job log identification information associated with the cooperating job identification information, to generate a cooperating job log corresponding to the cooperating job.
Information provision apparatus, information provision method, and non-transitory storage medium
Provided is an information provision apparatus (10) including: a feature quantity storage unit (11) in which a feature quantity of print content that is printed on a printed material is stored; a relevant information storage unit (12) in which relevant information that is associated with the print content is stored; a captured image obtainment unit (13) that obtains a captured image that is captured by an imaging unit; a specification unit (14) that specifies the print content that is included in the captured image by using the feature quantity of the print content that is stored in the feature quantity storage unit (11); and a relevant information output unit (15) that obtains from the relevant information storage unit (12) the relevant information that is associated with the print content that is specified by the specification unit (14) and outputs the obtained relevant information.
Image processing system for combining scanned data with previously stored data
An information processing device may display a first image indicating a first image file stored in a memory. The information processing device may display a second image in response to receiving a first specific operation. The first specific operation may be performed on the first image. The information processing device may receive first path information in response to receiving a second specific operation. The first path information may indicate a location of the first image file. The information processing device may send an execution instruction to the image processing device in a case that the second specific operation is received. The information processing device may receive scan data from the image processing device. The information processing device may integrate the received scan data to the first image file designated by the first path information.
Information processing apparatus, information processing system, information processing method, and a computer program product
An information processing apparatus includes an obtaining unit that obtains configuration information about a screen to be displayed in a device connected to the information processing apparatus via a network; a display control unit that displays the screen in the information processing apparatus based on the configuration information; a changing unit that changes the configuration information in response to an operation on the screen displayed by the display control unit; and a transmission unit that transmits the changed configuration information to one or more devices connected to the information processing apparatus via the network.
Printer diagnostics using external microphone
The present disclosure is directed to a printing device, a system, and a method. The printing device according to one embodiment includes a chassis substantially housing a sheet feeder, a sheet conveyor, and a print applicator; a microphone externally mounted to the chassis for converting audio signals sensed by the microphone external to the printing device to a raw analog electrical signal; an analog low-pass filter for filtering out high frequency harmonics from the raw analog electrical signal to result in a filtered electrical signal; a controller comprising an analog-to-digital port, a processor, and a memory. The controller receives the filtered electrical signal at the analog-to-digital port and samples the filtered electrical signal at a sample rate of at least twice a bandwidth of the filtered analog electrical signal to result in a sampled signal clip. The controller determines a time duration of a portion of the sampled signal clip associated with a print cycle event. The controller stores in the memory data associated with the sampled signal clip for comparison with a training signal clip associated with the print cycle event.
Audio system for an aircraft
An audio system for an aircraft of the type which includes radiocommunications units and a management unit to which are connected by cables, pieces of audio equipment. Each audio equipment piece includes a generator which, under control of the control unit, is configured to generate a pulsed coded audio signal and inject the signal into a same cable as that used for conveying the audio signals coming from the audio unit of the audio equipment, each code formed by a pulsed coded audio signal being representative of a piece of audio equipment. The audio system includes a decoder for receiving and decoding a coded audio signal generated by a piece of audio equipment and for generating a logic control signal to activate the radiocommunications unit which has previously been associated with the audio equipment represented by the code of the coded audio signal received and decoded.
Call distribution techniques
Increasing the efficiency of phone call usage is accomplished by using strategic call forwarding techniques to analyze incoming calls and process these calls in real time to: 1) divert unwanted robocallers and/or 2) provide information about unknown human callers. Robocallers are detected by analyzing incoming calls to determine if the audio is human-based or generated by a robocaller. Information about unknown human callers is obtained by real-time look up and reporting techniques to allow the user to determine whether to answer a call.
Methods systems and computer program products for managing access to customer data
Controlling access to customer data. A customer service agent is provided with indirect access to customer data through an intermediate computer such that it is not necessary for the customer service agent to ask questions about the received customer data or receive such data from the customer directly. Secure data access can be used to validate customers and streamline customer interaction and discussions with customer service agents since many questions a customer service agent may ask a customer directly during a discussion are already answered and known to the customer service agent before the customer speaks with the customer service agent. The customer can select which merchants receive customer data, and customer data can be entered manually or acquired by processing images of customer documents or cards such as personal identification or account cards containing information to be used during customer service discussions.
Techniques for benchmarking pairing strategies in a contact center system
Techniques for benchmarking pairing strategies in a contact center system are disclosed. In one particular embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a method for techniques for benchmarking pairing strategies in a contact center system comprising: cycling, by at least one processor, among at least two pairing strategies; and determining, by the at least one processor, a difference in performance between the at least two pairing strategies.
Third-party call control over secure duplex communication channel
A network device in a service provider network receives an incoming call, from a caller, to a telephone number associated with a customer. The network device applies to the call an interactive voice response (IVR) script corresponding to the customer and determines that the caller wants to speak to an agent. The network device establishes a secure duplex communication channel between the network device and an automatic call distributor (ACD) for the customer. The secure duplex communication channel is dedicated for use in managing the incoming call. The network device informs the ACD, via the secure duplex communication channel, that an agent is needed for the incoming call and receives, via the secure duplex communication channel, instructions from the ACD to manage the incoming call.
Call response system
A Call Response System comprising modules that are mutually interfaced for sharing parameters. Firstly, a data-collection module, for collecting parameters of an incoming call and of a recipient for the incoming call. Secondly, a dynamic-scripting module for configuring a response scenario according to prioritized combinations of the parameters and for substituting a component for at least one respective open variable within the configured scenario. Finally, a call-response module for transmitting aspects of the component substituted configured scenario, and for recording aspects of the transmitted scenario.
Method and apparatus for intent prediction and proactive service offering
An intelligent IVR system identifies a customer based on previous customer interactions. Customer intent is predicted for an ongoing interaction and personalized services are proactively offered to the customer. A self-optimizing algorithm improves intent prediction, customer identity, and customer willingness to engage and use IVR.
Control device, communication apparatus, control system, control method and storage medium
A control system which can control a function of a device depending on the result of authentication of an external device that exists outside the device and prevent others from using the device without permission is provided. The control system includes a control device (100) which controls at least one function (1), and at least one external device (900-1 to n: n is an arbitrary integer) which exists outside the control device (100). The control device (100) authenticates the external devices (900-1 to n), and controls the function (1) depending on the number of authenticated devices which can be authenticated and the number of unauthenticated devices which can not be authenticated.
Microphone line based detection of headset plug removal
Embodiments of the invention include methods, apparatus, systems and means for distinguishing between microphone line signals resulting from: actuation of a microphone button of a headset plugged into a telephone device jack, and removal of the headset plug form the jack. During a telephone call, a first signal can be detected on a microphone line of a headset jack to indicate whether a microphone button of the headset is actuated. Also, while the headset plug is being disconnected from the jack, a transition on the microphone line can be detected, from a second signal indicating that the microphone is being disconnected, to a third signal indicating that the microphone button is actuated. Consequently, to avoid erroneously hanging up a call, transitions to the third signal when removing the plug form the jack can be ignored and the call can be maintained. Other embodiments are also described and claimed.
Data transmission device, data transmission method and program for data transmission device
The present invention is to provide a data transmission device to enable a sender to easily transmit predefined data to a proper user and a proper terminal even if the receiver owns two or more user IDs and terminals. The data transmission device 100 is provided with a user icon output module 133 outputting a user icon associated with a user ID to display in a sender's terminal, and a data transmission module 136 transmitting predefined data associated with the user icon specified by a sender to a terminal corresponding to the user ID associated with the specified user icon.
Flexible cable for supporting itself or an electronic device electrically connected threreto
A cable including: a body having one or more elongated conductors and an electrically insulating sheathing covering the elongated conductor; and a connector disposed at at least one end for electrically connecting the elongated conductor to an electronic device; wherein at least a portion of the body has a rigidity such that the portion can be shaped into a predetermined configuration and maintained in the predetermined configuration when one or more of supporting the electronic device in a predetermined position or maintaining the body into a predetermined configuration.
PIM fast failover using PIM graft message
A system for PIM fast failover recovery includes a network of a plurality of switching devices. The plurality of switching devices includes a source switching device near a source communicatively connected to a receiver switching device near a receiver by a first interface and at least a third switching device that is communicatively connected to the receiver switching device by a second interface and further is communicatively connected to the source switching device by a third interface. The receiver switching device may discover that the first interface has failed and responds by sending the third switching device a PIM graft message prior to deleting an associated first interface route entry.
CCN fragmentation gateway
A method is provided for managing fragmentation of packets for content object retrieval at a content centric networking (CCN) gateway in a CCN network. The method includes receiving a first CCN interest packet including a name for a first content object from a user equipment in an access network, storing a fragmentation stream identifier in a header of the first CCN interest packet, and setting a path minimum maximum transmission unit (MTU) in the first CCN interest packet to an MTU value required by a link between the CCN gateway and a node forwarding the first CCN interest packet to the CCN gateway. The method further includes forwarding the first CCN interest packet with updated fragmentation stream identifier and path minimum MTU toward a content provider, receiving a set of packets of including fragments of the first content object from the content provider, reassembling and verifying the first content object from the set of packets, and refragmenting the first content object to minimum MTU of the access network and storing the refragmented first content object in the content store. The first content object is then returned to the user equipment in the access network.
Optimization of computing resources through monitoring and manipulating availabilty
In a method of managing a computing network, an expected behavior of a host is determined. The host is associated with a network resource, and is configured to be switched between active and inactive states. When the host is in the inactive state, a message is transmitted via the network on behalf of the host based on the expected behavior thereof such that the host appears to be in the active state. Related computer systems and computer program products are also discussed.
Distributed control over client-side requests for server resources
Techniques are disclosed for regulating a flow of requests from a client device to a server. The techniques include the step of receiving, from an application program executing on the client device, a request to perform an operation on the server. The client device determines a current budget value based upon an initial budget value, where the current budget value is reduced by a particular cost each time the server processes a request generated by the application program. The client device then determines a time-adjusted budget value based upon a sum of the current budget value and a regeneration value. Finally, the client device sends to the server the request to perform the operation only when the time-adjusted budget value exceeds a threshold value.
System and method for dynamic provisioning of mobile application content
In various embodiments, the systems, methods and computer-readable mediums (collectively “system”) discussed herein may be configured to enable a single mobile application to receive dynamically customized content. The criteria and/or preferences that influence the dynamically customized content may be defined by a user and/or may be automatically detected by a user device. The criteria and/or preferences may be associated with the mobile application and/or a mobile device operating the mobile application. The criteria and/or preferences may be provided as part of a request for content to a content distribution system.
Creating a dynamic aggregate group profile of users in an online collaboration session for providing tailored content delivery
There are provided a system, a method and a computer program product for suggesting content to a group. The system identifies a group of users in a social network. The system receives inputs associated with the social network group. The system aggregates the received inputs. The system analyzes the aggregated inputs. The system searches, based on the aggregation and the analysis, one or more tailored content to be delivered to the group in Internet, one or more database and one or more data warehouse. The system delivers the tailored content to the group in the social network.
Secure virtual network platform for enterprise hybrid cloud computing environments
Clusters of virtual network switches (VNS) and controllers are provided. The controller cluster is connected to the VNS cluster which is between first and second network domains. A request is received at a first end point in the first network domain to connect to a second end point in the second network domain. If the connection should be through a virtual network connecting the network domains, a virtual network connection is established as allowed by a controller of the controller cluster. The establishment includes initiating first outbound traffic from the first end point to a VNS of the VNS cluster and initiating second outbound traffic from the second end point to the VNS. The VNS places a payload from the first outbound traffic into a reply to the second outbound traffic.
Information acquisition method, computer system, and management computer
An information acquisition method whereby a management computer provided with a processor, a memory, and an interface acquires information of a plurality of computers via a network, the method including: a first step in which the management computer sets, in acquisition group information, a group of computers for acquiring information among the plurality of computers; a second step in which the management computer determines a sequence in which information is acquired for each group, then determines the sequence of computers for acquiring information in the group; a third step in which the management computer outputs an instruction for acquiring information of computers in the determined sequence; and a fourth step in which an information acquisition execution unit acquires the information of the computers of each group in the determined sequence on the basis of the instruction to acquire the information.
Systems and methods for GSLB MEP connection management across multiple core appliances
The present disclosure presents systems and methods for obtaining metric information by a multi-core GSLB intermediary device and providing global server load balancing services using the obtained information. A first core of a multi-core GSLB appliance establishes a transport layer connection to a remote load balancer at a site of a plurality of sites. The first core transmits a message to each of the other cores of the multi-core GSLB appliance that the first core is a master core for receiving metric information from the load balancer. The first core receives metric information of the remote site from the load balancer. The first core propagates the metric information to each of the other cores of the GSLB appliance. A GSLB virtual server on a slave core receives a DNS request. The GSLB virtual server determines a DNS resolution for the DNS request based on the metric information.
System and method for increasing physical memory page sharing by workloads
System and method for increasing physical memory page sharing by workloads executing on different host computing systems are described. In one embodiment, workloads executing on different host computing systems that access physical memory pages having identical contents are identified. Further, migration to consolidate the identified workloads on a single host computing system such that the physical memory pages can be shared using a page sharing mechanism is recommended.
Computer network system and method of determining necessity of transferring load in computer network system
An evaluation value DS for evaluating responsiveness of a first node when no loads are being transferred, an evaluation value Dn for evaluating responsiveness of a path P connecting between the first and second nodes assuming that loads are being transferred, and an evaluation value Dr for evaluating responsiveness of the second node N2 assuming that the second node has received a load from the first node are calculated. Whether or not to transfer the load is determined depending upon comparison results of magnitude of DS and a sum of Dr+Dn.
Elastically scalable document-oriented storage services
A server set may provide a document service to one or more clients, and may be configured to do so in view of various considerations such as availability, fault tolerance, flexibility, and performance. Presented herein are document service architectures that involve partitioning the document set into at least two document ranges, and configuring respective servers of the server set to host one or more agents to which are respectively assigned one or more document ranges. A request for an operation involving at least one document may be routed to a server hosting an agent managing the document ranges of the documents involved in the operation. Moreover, respective servers may retain detailed information about neighboring servers (e.g., according to a logical or physical proximity) and scant information about distant servers, thereby avoiding both the extensive information exchange of highly informed network architectures and the inefficiency of uninformed routing algorithms.
Release and management of composite applications on PAAS
A solution descriptor comprises a set of component workload units, a workload unit describing a deployable application component with application binary, configuration parameters and dependency declarations. An environment descriptor specifies a set of target platforms and plugins in an execution environment. A deployer interprets the solution descriptor and the environment descriptor, and generates a list of tuples comprising compatible workload-plugin-platform combinations. The deployer determines an execution order for the list of tuples, and invokes the plugins in the list of tuples in the execution order, wherein each of the plugins executes a corresponding compatible workload on a corresponding compatible target platform specified in the list of tuples.
Efficient and reliable host distribution of totally ordered global state
An asynchronous distributed computing system with a plurality of computing nodes is provided. One of the computing nodes includes a sequencer service that receives updates from the plurality of computing nodes. The sequencer service maintains or annotates messages added to the global state of the system. Updates to the global state are published to the plurality of computing nodes. Monitoring services on the other computing nodes write the updates into a locally maintained copy of the global state that exists in shared memory on each one of the nodes. Client computer processes on the nodes may then subscribe to have updates “delivered” to the respective client computer processes.
Method and system for providing server virtual machine for real-time virtual desktop service, and server device supporting the same
Provided is a virtual desktop service, and disclosed is a system for providing a server virtual machine, including: a client configured to receive allocation of a virtual machine for using a virtual desktop service; a connection broker configured to control a type of virtual machine to be allocated to be classified according to user terminal registration information of the client, any one operation server to be selected among a plurality of operation servers, and the virtual machine to be allocated; the plurality of operation servers configured to provide the client with a virtual machine under a control of the connection broker; and a shared storage configured to store data related to the client for providing the virtual machine, and provide the stored data to the operation servers, a method of providing a server virtual machine, and a server device supporting the same.
Technique for communication in a communications network with routing by name
A method and routing device are provided for aggregating of requests relating to a data segment of a stream into another request and for storing data segments belonging to different streams in a queue prior to the device routing them to client entities that have requested them. The method includes: determining a credit associated with a stream, the credit varying based on a number of requests transmitted by client entities and relating to data segments belonging to the stream; and, on receiving a data segment in response to the other request, and when memory space available in the queue does not enable the received data segment to be stored: selecting a stream having at least one data segment stored in the queue and for which the associated credit is the smallest; and deleting from the queue a data segment belonging to the selected stream.
Cloud-connectable middleware appliance
A computer system and associated method and software where communications between the cloud and a sensor device (for example, a temperature sensor) pass through and are processed by a middleware appliance. The middleware appliance creates data structures called cloud event data objects (cEDOs). A cEDO may include, for example: event data, device data, sensor data, geo key data, payload key data and data value pairs.
Media data processing method and non-transitory computer readable storage medium thereof
A media data processing method is provided herein. The media data processing method is adapted for a portable mobile device. The media data processing method includes: selecting at least one first media file in a first client; uploading the at least one first media file to a server; mixing and editing the at least one first media file and at least one second media file in the server to generate a video.
Method and apparatus for updating user interface
Methods, apparatuses, and systems for updating a User Interface (UI) in a Remote UI (RUI) client are described. Upon detecting a change in its capability, the RUI client stores a UI state of a UI page and requests a RUI server to update the UI page according to the changed capability. The RUI client receives a UI page updated according to the changed capability from the RUI server, where the stored UI state is reflected in the updated UI page, and the RUI client renders the UI state-reflected updated UI page.
Creation, sharing and embedding of interactive charts
Systems and methods for generating and sharing interactive charts are described. The interactive charts are generated in an online portal that allows users to customize the interactive features of the chart. An online portal may also be provided to allow users to automatically embed interactive chart(s) in another website without reprogramming the code of the website each time the interactive chart(s) are changed or new interactive chart(s) are added.
Method and apparatus for pushing applications to a web site visitor during co-browsing
A method for pushing applications to a website visitor during co-browsing is presented. A co-browsing session between an operator of the website and the website visitor is initiated. An application is selected to be pushed to the website visitor. The application is configured and pushed to the website visitor. The application is co-browsed with the website visitor.
System and method for playing a video on mobile web environments
A method and mobile computing device for auto-playing a video clip within a web environment of a mobile computing device are provided. The method comprises including an auto-play script in a webpage downloaded to the web environment, wherein the web environment is disabled to auto-play video clips; and executing the auto-play script within the web environment, wherein the execution of the auto-play script causes at least: receiving the video clip from an external source and automatically playing the video clip in the web environment.
Identifying and rendering content relevant to a user's current mental state and context
Systems and methods are provided for identifying and rendering content relevant to a user's current mental state and context. In an aspect, a system includes a state component that determines a state of a user during a current session of the user with the media system based on navigation of the media system by the user during the current session, media items provided by the media system that are played for watching by the user during the current session, and a manner via which the user interacts with or reacts to the played media items. In an aspect, the state of the user includes a mood of the user. A selection component then selects a media item provided by the media provider based on the state of the user, and a rendering component effectuates rendering of the media item to the user during the current session.
Pipelining for parallel network connections to transmit a digital content stream
One embodiment of the present invention sets forth a technique for transmitting a digital content stream through a network between at least one content server and a content player. The method includes communicating with the at least one content server to set up a plurality of parallel network connections on the network to transmit the digital content stream. The method further includes sending a first data request and a second data request within a first time limit via at least one tested network connection in the plurality of parallel network connections to evaluate whether pipelining of the digital content stream is possible for the at least one tested network connection. The method also includes utilizing pipelining to transmit the digital content stream over the at least one tested network connection based on a first response to the first data request and a second response to the second data request.
Synchronized wireless display devices
This disclosure relates to techniques for synchronizing playback of media data between a source device and one or more sink devices in a Wireless Display (WD) system. WD systems enable mobile devices to share a local display of the source device with remote sink devices. The techniques of this disclosure include a management procedure at the source device to select a universal queue size for the source device and the participating sink devices. The source device selects the universal queue size based at least on supported queue sizes of the source device and the sink devices. The media packets are then held in queues having the universal queue size at the source device and the sink devices. The uniform queue size combined with compensation for transmission delay enables each of the devices to begin processing the media packets at the same time.
Dynamic adaptation to increased SFU load by disabling video streams
A method for dynamically adapting to increased system load at a selective forwarding unit (SFU) is disclosed. In an embodiment, an SFU sends a plurality of video streams to a plurality of participant computing devices. The SFU monitors a system load value on the SFU according to any of a plurality of metrics. When the SFU determines that the monitored system load value exceeds a stored load threshold value, the SFU selects one or more of the streams being sent to participant computing devices and disables them.
Server apparatus and method of operating a network
A server apparatus accesses a terminal apparatus connected via an IP network to a router from an externally provided terminal apparatus in a simple and firm manner without previously performing a complex setting operation. The server apparatus includes (1) a connection information transmitting unit, when specific information of a second terminal apparatus connected via a router to an IP (Internet Protocol) network is received from a first terminal apparatus connected via the IP network to the connection information transmitting unit, which transmits connection information to the first terminal apparatus, with the connection information being employed to access the second terminal apparatus from the first terminal apparatus, and (2) a relay unit, when the relay unit is accessed from the first terminal apparatus by employing the connection information transmitted by the connection information transmitting unit, which relays the first terminal apparatus to the second terminal apparatus having the specific information.
Voice over internet protocol (VoIP) systems, methods, network elements and applications
In accordance with at least one embodiment of the invention, methodologies and mechanisms are provided that enable methods, systems and software for supporting or implementing functionality to intercept a phone call and/or data transmission in a cellular network and direct it to at least one receivers' VoIP account if the account is active and provides VoIP connectivity.
System and method to provide server control for access to mobile client data
Systems and methods for protecting a data item include, upon initiation of transfer of the data item from a server to a client device, determining a sensitivity score and a current protection level of the data item. A policy is applied to determine an appropriate protection for the data item based upon the sensitivity score and the current protection level. A protected data item is provided to the client device by applying the appropriate protection to the data item.
Method, device and system for detecting potential phishing websites
The present disclosure discloses a method and device for detecting a potential phishing website. In the method, a computing device having at least a processor obtains information input to a website and determines whether the website is legitimate through a server when the input information entered by the user has some private information. The computing device continues to access the website if the website is legitimate and generates a warning if the website is determined not to be legitimate.
Web page and web browser protection against malicious injections
A method comprising: loading a web page in a web browser, wherein the web page comprises a call to an anti-injection client-side code; loading the anti-injection client-side code in the web browser; and executing the anti-injection client-side code to: (a) in a main execution thread running the web browser, intercept an injection of a node into the DOM (Document Object Model) of the web page, (b) in a web worker execution thread, compare the injected node with a list, and (c) in the main execution thread running the web browser based on the comparison, permit or block execution of the injected code.
A frame identifier running on a computing device generates identifier values and embeds the identifier values in a networking frame. The frame identifier also receives networking frames, and analyzes the received networking frames to identify a subset of received networking frames containing the identifier values. The identifier values indicate that corresponding received networking frames were originated from the network device. The frame identifier also discards the identified subset of received networking frames.
Remediating computer security threats using distributed sensor computers
A data processing system comprising: a sensor computer that is coupled to and co-located with a compromised computer, the compromised computer comprising at least one malware item that is configured to direct unauthorized network activity toward one or more enterprise networks or enterprise computers, wherein the compromised computer is coupled to a firewall that is configured to control ingress of packets to the compromised computer and is logically between one or more attacker computers and the one or more enterprise networks or enterprise computers; a security control computer that is coupled to the sensor computer; one or more non-transitory data storage media in the security control computer storing security logic comprising one or more sequences of instructions which when executed cause the security control computer to perform: obtaining, from the sensor computer, detection data relating to network messages that the compromised computer emits, as the compromised computer emits the network messages; using the detection data, identifying one or more security threats that are indicated by the network messages; determining a specified remediation measure to remediate one or more of the security threats; providing the specified remediation measure to one or more of the compromised computer, the sensor computer, the firewall, and an enterprise computer.
Automated responses to security threats
Systems, methods, and software described herein provide security actions to computing assets of a computing environment. In one example, a method of operating an advisement system to manage security actions for a computing environment includes identifying a security incident for an asset in the environment, and obtaining enrichment information about the security incident. The method further includes identifying a rule set based on the enrichment information, identifying an action response based on the rule set, and initiating implementation of the action response in the computing environment.
System and method for developing a cyber-attack scenario
A cyber-attack scenario simulation system and method may include an aircraft simulator operable to generate an aircraft simulation, a cyber-attack generator operable to generate a cyber-attack simulation, a cyber defense generator operable to generate a cyber defense simulation, a scenario generator operable to generate a cyber-attack scenario including the cyber attack simulation and the cyber defense simulation and launch the cyber-attack scenario against the aircraft simulation, and a cyber-attack scenario analysis tool operable to assess an impact of the cyber-attack scenario on the aircraft simulation.
Methods and systems for architecture-centric threat modeling, analysis and visualization
Methods and systems for use in architecture-centric threat modeling are described. One example system includes a display device, a memory device for storing a plurality of attributes for each of a plurality of network objects, and a processor communicatively coupled to the memory device. The processor is programmed to receive a user selection of at least a first network object and a second network object from the plurality of network objects; create a network architecture including the first network object and the second network object; associate the stored plurality of attributes with the selected network objects in the network architecture; display, on the display device, a graphical representation of the created network architecture; receive, from the user, at least one dataflow attribute associated with at least one of the first and second network objects; and store the at least one dataflow attribute to said memory device as an attribute of at least one of the plurality of network objects.
Emoji frequency detection and deep link frequency
Systems and methods are disclosed for generating term frequencies of known terms based on crowdsourced differentially private sketches of the known terms. An asset catalog can be updated with new frequency counts for known terms based on the crowdsourced differentially private sketches. Known terms can have a classification. A client device can maintain a privacy budget for each classification of known terms. Classifications can include emojis, deep links, locations, finance terms, and health terms, etc. A privacy budget ensures that a client does not transmit too much information to a term frequency server, thereby compromising the privacy of the client device.
Direct cache access for network input/output devices
Methods and systems for improving efficiency of direct cache access (DCA) are provided. According to one embodiment, a set of DCA control settings are defined by a network interface controller (NIC) of a network security device for each of multiple I/O device queues. The control settings specify portions of network packets that are to be copied to a cache of the corresponding CPU. A packet is received by the NIC. The packet is parsed to identify boundaries of portions of the packet and is queued onto an I/O device queue. The packet is then transferred from the I/O device queue to a host memory of the network security device and the specified portions are concurrently copied to the cache of the corresponding CPU based on the control setting associated with the I/O device queue.
Aggregated data in a mobile device for displaying cluster sessions
A method, a device and a system for providing access on a mobile device to aggregated data for interactively displaying a session for a candidate token are provided. The method includes populating data records of a data repository of a data management system from an external data system; generating first information in the data records stored in the data repository; caching the first information on a caching server; creating an application link to be displayed in a mobile device, wherein the application link enables the access to the cached first information that is stored in the data repository; providing an access authorization to the mobile device; retrieving the cached first information from the caching server; displaying the cached first information in a user interface; generating second information dynamically; displaying the second information in the user interface of the mobile device; and deactivating the application link after the session takes place.
Access control device, access control method, and program
An embodiment of the present invention is provided with an access control device, an access control method, and a program that are capable of easily managing access control and easily confirming whether appropriate access control is exercised. An access control device has a screen generation unit for generating selection screen information allowing for an access rule used by a user having logged in to a working terminal to be selected from one or a plurality of access rules created by an administrator of a client environment, and an access control unit for executing access control on a user according to an access rule selected from access rules displayed on the basis of the selection screen information.
Security recommendation engine
Users are authorized to access tagged metadata in a provider network. A revision control and binding mechanism may be applied to tagged metadata that is added or modified by the user. A recommendation pertaining to security and compliance for the computing resource may be determined based on an analysis of the computing resource, scoring criteria, and data pertaining to customer and system data.
Modifying permission trees in a virtualization environment
A processing device receives a permission request indicating a user and an entity. The processing device modifies a permissions database to generate a modified database view. Using the modified database view, the processing device determines whether the user has permission to access the entity and returns an indication of whether the user has permission to access the entity.
Notifying unauthorized use of electronic device during disconnection time period of electronic device from network
A device management apparatus for notifying unauthorized use of an electronic device includes a connection status detecting circuit, a usage log acquiring circuit, and a notification circuit. The connection status detecting circuit detects a connection status of the electronic device to a network. The usage log acquiring circuit acquires a usage log of the electronic device. The notification circuit notifies an unauthorized use of the electronic device. The notification circuit notifies the unauthorized use if the usage logs acquired by the usage log acquiring circuit before and after a time period of disconnection of the electronic device from the network are varied, a reconnection of the electronic device to the network being detected by the connection status detecting circuit.
Optimizing security seals on web pages
A method of providing web site verification information to a user can include receiving a DNS query including a host name and a seal verification site name, parsing the DNS query, and extracting the host name from the DNS query. The method also can include accessing a DNS zone file including a list of Trust Services customers and determining if the host name is associated with a Trust Services customer in the list of Trust Services customers. The method further can include transmitting a positive identifier to the requester if the host name is associated with a Trust Services customer and transmitting a negative identifier to the requester if the host name is not associated with a Trust Services customer. In a specific embodiment, the Trust Services include issuance of digital certificates.
Methods and systems for detecting, verifying, preventing and correcting or resolving unauthorized use of electronic media content
A method of detecting, verifying, preventing and correcting or resolving unauthorized use of electronic media content. In one embodiment, the method comprises providing an electronic system that allows auditors to register to audit the use of electronic media content, providing the auditors with information through the electronic system regarding a unique identifier that identifies one or more items of electronic media content, owners of electronic media content or other intellectual property or users who have subscribed to the use of electronic media content, obtaining information from auditors through the electronic system regarding unauthorized use of the electronic media content and verifying that the information received from auditors is complete.
Systems and methods for enforcing security in mobile computing
Methods and systems described herein relate to enhancing security on a device by configuring one or more software functions in a trusted zone of a processor using object firewalls, IPC mechanisms, and/or a policy engine.
Method and apparatus for sending authentication request message in a social network
The present disclosure describes a method and an apparatus for sending an authentication request message in a social network. In order to resolve the problem that there are few parameters to be relied on when a user authenticates a request seeking to establish a social network relationship with the user, the method disclosed by the present disclosure includes: a social network server that, after obtaining an authentication request message sent by a first client to a second client to request to establish a social network relationship, modifies the first client's identification information in the first authentication request message to a third client's identification information to obtain a second authentication request message. The third client has a social network relationship with the first client and also has a direct social network relationship with the second client. The second authentication request message is sent to the second client. As the third client's identification information is used as identification information of a sending party in the second authentication request message that is sent to the second client, there will be more parameters for use when the second client verifies the request to establish the social network relationship.
Method and apparatus for user authentication
An electronic device is provided including a biometric sensor, a memory, and a processor configured to: initiate a transaction with a server; receive an authentication request from the server; retrieve a biometric template stored in a secure portion of the memory in response to the authentication request; capturing a biometric sample using the biometric sensor; comparing the biometric template with the biometric sample; and transmitting to the server a message indicating an outcome of the comparison.
User authentication using client-side browse history
Techniques for authenticating a user may be described. In particular, a network-based document may be provided to a computing system of a user. The network-based document may include code and an identifier of another network-based document. The code may be configured to, upon execution, determine whether the other network-based document was accessed prior to providing the network-based document to the computing system. The other network-based document may be accessible to the user based on an identifier of the user. An indication that the other network-based document was accessed may be determined. For example, the indication may be received from the computing system based on an execution of the code at the computing system. The user may be authenticated based on the indication.
Efficient encryption, escrow and digital signatures
A network server is operated so as to facilitate legal eavesdropping by receiving, from the first user via a network, a session key (SK) encrypted with a second user's public key, kpubU2, and the SK encrypted with an escrow server's (ES) public key, kpubES. The kpubU2 key is the public key of the second user asymmetric private/public key pair kpriU2/kpubU2 The kpubES key is the public key of the ES asymmetric private/public key pair kpriES/kpubES. The received SK encrypted with kpubES is stored. The SK encrypted with kpubU2 is transmitted to the second user via the network. A message encrypted with the SK is received from one of the first and the second users via the network, stored, and transmitted to the other of the first and the second users via the network.
Method for identifying a task authorization
In an ad hoc mesh network, roles are assignment to the different network nodes, for example mesh point or mesh portal. The invention envisages that a network node identifies the certification and thus the permitted roles of another network node before it sends a message to said other network node. This ensures that the roles maintain their integrity and the security in the network is enhanced.
Monitoring signed resources transferred over a network
A system for monitoring resources transferred over a network includes a capture module that is configured to capture content transferred over a network between a requestor device and a server device. The content includes a resource, a digital signature associated with the resource and a digital certificate associated with the digital signature. The system includes a resource monitor module that is configured to receive the captured content from the capture module. The resource monitor module includes at least one memory, at least one processor and a resource analyzer module that is configured to use the at least one processor to inspect one or more attributes of the digital certificate and inspect the digital signature and verify the digital certificate using the attributes and verify the digital signature.
Identity management over multiple identity providers
Systems and processes of advanced identity management over multiple identity providers deployable through mobile applications are provided. The process, e.g., method, includes requesting a backend service from multiple backend services by a requesting device. The method further includes exposing the requested backend service though a call in by a gateway service using a token mapped to the requested backend service, without exposing any of the backend services directly to the requesting device.
Product and coverage review and recommendation
Financial security and coverage may be reviewed at a comprehensive level by evaluating an ownership status of an entity relative to multiple types of financial products. Based on results of the review, recommendations for one or more financial products may be provided. Additionally or alternatively, the recommendations and products may be ranked or prioritized. According to another aspect, the review of the entity's financial security and coverage may be represented graphically. For example, types of financial products may be represented by icons (e.g., pictograms) with various visual attributes (e.g., color, transparency, pattern, size, etc.) indicating the entity's ownership status. Potential gaps in the entity's financial coverage may be represented with a specified visual element such as a warning symbol or the like. The graphical depiction may allow an entity to better appreciate the spectrum of available financial product types and potential risks in the entity's current financial coverage profile.
Scalable network apparatus for content based switching or validation acceleration
A network apparatus is provided that may include one or more security accelerators. The network apparatus also includes a plurality of network units cascaded together. According to one embodiment, the plurality of network units comprise a plurality of content based message directors, each to route or direct received messages to one of a plurality of application servers based upon the application data in the message. According to another embodiment, the plurality of network units comprise a plurality of validation accelerators, each validation accelerator to validate at least a portion of a message before outputting the message.
Packet header randomization
A system and method for the randomization of packet headers is disclosed. A controller is used to provide random values, also referred to as nonces, that replace the source and destination addresses that typically appear in a packet header. The controller also provides routing rules to the switches and routers in the network that allow these devices to properly route packets, even though the source and destination addresses are not present. In some embodiments, network devices that support software-defined networking (SDN) are employed. The number of times that a particular nonce is used may be variable. In some embodiments, a nonce is used for exactly one packet header. In this way, packets may traverse a network using nonces in place of actual source and destination addresses. Because the nonces are changed periodically, detection of traffic patterns is made significantly more difficult.
Method and apparatus for cryptographic processing
A cryptographic processing apparatus that holds a first key, and receives authentication object data upon authentication includes a communication unit and a computing unit. The communication unit communicates with a calculation apparatus and a determination apparatus. In the calculation apparatus, encrypted registration data obtained by encrypting registration data twice, once with the first key and once with a second key, is registered. The registration data is data against which the authentication object data is verified. The determination apparatus uses the second key upon the authentication. When registering the encrypted registration data in the calculation apparatus, the computing unit generates a key different from the first key, generates encrypted data by encrypting the registration data twice, once with the first key and once with the different key, transmits the different key to the determination apparatus, and the encrypted data to the calculation apparatus, through the communication unit.
Signal modulation for secure communication
Aspects of the present disclosure are directed to circuits, apparatuses and methods for generating communication signals resistant to early-detect-late-commit attacks. An example embodiment, a plurality of data symbols is generated that includes first and second data symbols. A communication signal is generated that is decodable according to a mapping of the first and second data symbols to respective first and second waveforms. The first waveform has a leading edge that is indicative of the first waveform, and second waveform has a second leading edge that is indicative of the second waveform. In generating the communication signal, a first portion of the communication signal is modulated according to the first waveform for the first data symbol. A second portion of the communication signal is modulated, for the second data symbol, according to a modified second waveform having a leading edge that is indicative of the first waveform.
Methods and systems for selective encryption and secured extent quota management for storage servers in cloud computing
Methods and systems for selective encryption and secured extent quota management for storage servers in cloud computing are provided. A method includes associating at least one secure storage disk and at least one non-secure storage disk to a virtual disk, and associating the virtual disk to an application to allow access of the at least one secure storage disk and the at least one non-secure storage disk. The method further includes accessing the at least one secure storage disk and the at least one non-secure storage disk based on the associating of the virtual disk to the application, to write or read confidential and non-confidential data associated with the application into a respective one of the at least one secure storage disk and the at least one non-secure storage disk.
Method and system for sending a message through a secure connection
The method and system enable secure forwarding of a message from a first computer to a second computer via an intermediate computer in a telecommunication network. A message is formed in the first computer or in a computer that is served by the first computer, and in the latter case, sending the message to the first computer. In the first computer, a secure message is then formed by giving the message a unique identity and a destination address. The message is sent from the first computer to the intermediate computer after which the destination address and the unique identity are used to find an address to the second computer. The current destination address is substituted with the found address to the second computer, and the unique identity is substituted with another unique identity. Then the message is forwarded to the second computer.
Communication apparatus and method of controlling same
A first address set for a first communication interface is acquired from another apparatus. It is determined whether the first address duplicates a second address that has been set for a second communication interface. If it is determined that the first address duplicates the second address, a third address different from the first address is reacquired from the other apparatus.
Managing request routing information utilizing client identifiers
Systems and methods for managing requesting routing functionality associated with resource requests for one or more resources associated with a content provider are provided. The request routing functionality can correspond to the processing of domain name service (“DNS”) requests for resources by computing devices and the resolution of the DNS requests by the identification of a network address of a computing device that will provide the requested resources. Based on the processing of DNS queries initiated by a client computing device, a CDN service provider can correlate client computing device identifiers, such as an Internet Protocol (“IP”) address, with identifiers (e.g., IP addresses) associated with other components in a content delivery environment, such as DNS resolvers associated with the client computing device.
Methods and systems for recommending concept clusters based on availability
In some aspects, control circuitry may detect a social media interaction associated with a user. Control circuitry may then identify a symbol associated with the interaction, map the symbol to first media asset metadata, and identify a set of media asset metadata. Control circuitry may further compare the identified media asset metadata to a set of attributes of the user's profile, and identifying second media asset metadata and a first field of the second media asset metadata from the set of media asset metadata that matches attributes of the set of attributes of the user's profile. Control circuitry may then search databases to identify collections of media asset for recommendation to the user by identifying media assets that include the second media asset metadata in a field corresponding to the first field. Lastly, control circuitry may perform an action to provide the user with access to the collection.
Social media feedback for routing user communications
A call handling platform receives a call placed by a caller to a calling number. The platform examines parameters of the call, determines identifying information of the caller and matches the identifying information with a social network username corresponding to a social media network. The platform obtains the caller's social network data from the social media network. Using the social network data, the platform computes a social network influence score for the caller. The platform compares the social network influence score to a predetermined influence score threshold value and determines that the social network influence score for the caller indicates that the activity of the caller in the social media network has a high level of impact. The platform accordingly selects a first human agent at a call center and routes the call to the first human agent at the call center.
Secure end-to-end transport through intermediary nodes
A communication network encrypts a first portion of a transaction associated with point-to-point communications using a point-to-point encryption key. A second portion of the transaction associated with end-to-end communications is encrypted using an end-to-end encryption key.
Information push, receiving and exchanging method, server, client and exchanging apparatus
A method of providing information to a prospective user is performed at a server having one or more processors and memory storing programs to be executed by the processors, the method including receiving audio feature information and location information from a client device, wherein the audio feature information is extracted from an audio signal received by the client device and the location information identifies a current location of the client device; comparing predefined audio feature information with the received audio feature information and comparing predefined location information with the received location information; and pushing predefined information to the client device from the server if there is a match of both comparisons made at the server.
Application spawning responsive to communication
The automatic spawning of application in response to detected content in other communications. Such application spawning has the effect of enriching the original communication with the additional functionality of applications that accomplish and supplement the original communication. Such application spawning may be automatic, and responsive to monitoring of the content of the communication. Upon detecting that the content of the communication has satisfied summoning criteria, the application is summoned on a hardware entity associated with one or more of the participants in the communication. This may be accomplished while the communication is still ongoing.
Mail sending/receiving apparatus, method, and recording medium recording program
A vehicle-mounted apparatus includes a mail receiving processing unit configured to receive an electronic mail, a received mail determination unit configured to determine, after a first electronic mail is received by the mail receiving processing unit, whether a second electronic mail associated with the first electronic mail is received by the mail receiving processing unit, and a notification processing unit configured to perform, when it is determined by the received mail determination unit that the first electronic mail and the second electronic mail are associated with each other, notification of these two electronic mails simultaneously.
Server apparatus enabling posting of messages, method of controlling the same, information processing apparatus, information processing system, and storage medium
A server apparatus which, when a viewer inputs a message, such as a comment, makes it possible to post a relevant comment by referring to another comment posted slightly earlier. Upon receipt of a posting request for posting a message from an information processing apparatus, a comment manager generates a posting reception notification indicative of information related to a reception sequence number of the posting request. The comment manager transmits the posting reception notification to the information processing apparatus. The comment manager receives not only the posted message but also the posting reception notification, and stores the message in a memory if there is no posting request made from another apparatus with a reception sequence number later in sequential order than the reception sequence number indicated by the posting reception notification.
Integrating actionable objects into an on-line chat communications platform
Implementations disclosed herein provide for integrating actionable objects into an on-line chat communications platform. A method is provided in which state information of a chat message session between participants of a group is determined. A selection of one of a plurality of actionable objects is received based on the state information. Each actionable object comprises a type indicator to characterize a user perceivable action associated with the actionable object. Responsive to the selection, at least one participant is associated with the actionable object. The actionable object is provided to the chat message session to be selectably executed by a client device of the participant. The providing comprises updating the state information of the chat message session in accordance with the at least one actionable object.
Workload optimization in a wide area network utilizing virtual switches
Disclosed is a method for data traffic optimization within a virtual environment. The method may be implemented within a data center hosting virtual machines and using virtual switches for routing data traffic. The method includes instructing a virtual switch associated with a virtual machine to redirect one or more data packets directed to or from a first address associated with the virtual machine to a second address associated with data optimization virtual machine, wherein the redirection is based at least in part on an access control list, receiving, at the data optimization virtual machine, the one or more data packets redirected by the virtual switch, selectively performing one or more transformations on the one or more data packets to create one or more transformed data packets, and transmitting the one or more transformed data packets to the first address.
Matching port pick for RSS disaggregation hashing
Embodiments are directed towards selecting a local port number for server side connections that hash to a same processor as a matching client side flow on a multiprocessor device using Receive Side Scaling (RSS) for the disaggregation hash. A hash of a flow key is computed with an initial port number. An exclusive-or (XOR) distance is computed to a desired hash, using least significant bits. An XOR is performed on a corrected pre-computed collision value, to transform the source port number to a value that hashes correctly with other elements within the flow key. The transformed source port number may then be inserted into network packets sent to a server device, such that the transformed source port number can be used in a returning RSS hash to again select the same processor.
Consolidation encodings representing designated receivers in a bit string
In one embodiment, for each particular multicast flow of a plurality of multicast flows of packets a particular consolidation encoding of a plurality of consolidation encodings is selected based on the sparseness of bit positions within a bit string corresponding to designated receiving packet switching devices of the particular multicast flow. The packet switching device sends one or more packets corresponding to said particular packet, with each of these one or more packets including designated receiving packet switching devices of the particular multicast flow in the header of said particular packet according to the particular consolidation encoding. In one embodiment, different consolidation encodings of the plurality of consolidation encodings are used for at least two different multicast flows of the plurality of multicast flows of packets. In one embodiment, each of said receiving packet switching devices is Bit Index Explicit Replication (BIER) Bit-Forwarding Router (BFR).
Determining availability of networking resources prior to migration of a server or domain
Presented herein are techniques for resolving VxAN (VSANs and VLANs) networking connectivity, prior to server or domain migration. When UCS domains receive a workload or service profile from a UCS Central Controller, required VLANs/VSANs are checked for deployment for that UCS domain in Fabric Interconnects, and once VLANs/VSANs are successfully confirmed, the workload is deployed into one of the compute servers in that domain.
Adaptive throttling for shared resources
Customers of shared resources in a multi-tenant environment can have token buckets allocated that have an associated depth and fill rate, with each token enabling the customer to obtain an amount of work from a shared resource. A resource management system can monitor one or more system or output metrics, and can adjust a global fill rate based at least in part upon values of the monitored metrics. Such an approach can provide a fair distribution of work among the customers, while ensuring that the metrics stay within acceptable ranges and there are no drastic changes in performance levels of the system. The fill rate can update dynamically with changes in the monitored parameters, such that the system can float near an equilibrium point. Commitments for specific minimum service levels also can be met.
Methods and systems for scheduling data transmission with a feedback mechanism
In one embodiment, a method includes identifying one or more channel queues associated with one or more RF channels, wherein the one or more RF channels are associated with a Data Over Cable System Interface Specification (DOCSIS) bonding group and wherein the DOCSIS bonding group receives downstream data from a first node, determining a data usage of the DOCSIS bonding group, determining that a data rate of the downstream data is to be modified based on at least one of the one or more channel queues or the data usage of the DOCSIS bonding group, and causing the first node to modify the data rate of the downstream data based on the determination.
Apparatus and method for controlling transmission of data traffic
There is provided an apparatus for controlling transmission of data traffic to a destination node. The apparatus includes: an interface unit configured to obtain information regarding a congestion condition that has occurred on a first routing path during transmission of the data traffic; and a control unit configured to select, based on the information, a second routing path to route, to the destination node, a first portion and a second portion of the data traffic along the first routing path and the second routing path, respectively.
Quality of service for high network traffic events
A method for providing quality of service includes identifying a high network traffic event at a node, providing a user score to each user account of a plurality of user accounts, wherein the plurality of user accounts corresponds to a plurality of user devices connected to the node, and responsive to identifying the high network traffic event, providing instructions to a subset of user devices of the plurality of user devices, wherein the instructions instruct the subset of devices to enter a low traffic mode, and wherein each device of the subset of devices corresponds to a user account with a user score below a threshold. A computer program product and computer system corresponding to the above method are also disclosed herein.
Method, apparatus and system for determining transmission path of packet
A method, an apparatus and a system are provided, which relate to the communications field, for determining a transmission path of a packet, and can solve a problem that a determined transmission path of a packet is not accurate enough. The method includes determining, by a network device, a packet; acquiring, by the network device, a characteristic of the packet and an attribute of the packet according to the packet; and sending, by the network device, the characteristic of the packet, the attribute of the packet, and an attribute of the network device to a control device, so that the control device determines a transmission path of the packet according to the characteristic of the packet, the attribute of the packet, and the attribute of the network device.
Adaptive load balancing for bridged systems
Methods, systems, and computer program products for providing adaptive load balancing for bridged systems are disclosed. Examples generally relate to both physical and virtualized computer systems. A computer-implemented method may include mapping a first network interface to each of a plurality of intermediate network interfaces, determining a second network interface to use from the intermediate network interfaces for sending an outbound packet received from the first network interface, updating the outbound packet by replacing a source layer-2 network address of the outbound packet with a layer-2 network address assigned to a mapping between the first network interface and the second network interface, and sending the updated outbound packet using the second network interface.
Light-weight fork channels for clustering
A method for light-weight fork channels for clustering is disclosed. The method includes receiving, by a processing device, a message at a main channel used for group communication between processes executed by the processing device, identifying a fork channel identifier (ID) and a fork stack ID in a header of the message, processing the message with a fork stack corresponding to the fork stack ID in the header of the message, the fork stack comprising a subset of protocols of a main protocol stack of the main channel, and providing the message to a fork channel corresponding to the fork channel ID, wherein the fork channel to utilize the fork stack to separate messages for the fork channel from the main channel.
Relay apparatus and control method
A relay apparatus includes a first data storage unit and a processor. The first data storage unit stores an output port identifier in connection with a combination of a port identifier and a communication type identifier. The processor obtains, when a frame is received, a first output port identifier corresponding to a combination of a port identifier of a port that received the frame and a communication type identifier included in the received frame by use of the first data storage unit to output the received frame to a port identified by the first output port identifier.
Maintaining optimal media routing
A method of managing a media path for a media session established between users across a plurality of interconnected Internet Protocol (IP) networks which utilize Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) and Session Description Protocol (SDP) signaling. The method comprises, at session establishment via a signaling path over the IP networks, making a determination that a shortcut media path is available, wherein the shortcut media path deviates from the signaling path. The method further comprises making a further determination that nodes in the signaling path will subsequently be able to maintain the shortcut media path in the event of a subsequent session update or re-invite and, at a subsequent session update or re-invite, including within update or re-invite signaling an indication that the shortcut media path is to be maintained.
System and method for subscriber aware network monitoring
A system and method for subscriber aware network monitoring is provided. The method includes: determining subscriber and session data, wherein the subscriber has a non-unique IP (Internet Protocol) address; retrieving identifying data from a packet; and comparing the identifying data with the determined subscriber and session data to determine the subscriber associated with the packet. The system includes: at least one network probe configured to determine subscriber and session data, wherein the subscriber has a non-unique Internet Protocol (IP) address; at least one traffic probe configured to retrieve identifying data from a packet; and a processing module configured to compare the identifying data with the stored subscriber and session data to determine the subscriber associated with the packet.
Integrated switch tap arrangement and methods thereof
An integrated switch tap device for managing and monitoring network traffic is provided. The device includes a set of network ports for receiving and outputting the network traffic. The device also includes a first logic arrangement for performing routing functionalities and a first CPU for processing the routing functionalities. The device further includes a set of monitoring ports that is coupled to one or more monitoring devices. The device yet also includes a first tap module, which is configured at least for intercepting at least part of the network traffic flowing through the network device, creating a copy of at least part of the network traffic, and forwarding the copy to at least one of the set of monitoring ports. The device moreover includes a second CPU configured at least for processing tap functionalities associated with the first tap module.
Collision control during delay measurement in optical transport networks
Methods and systems for collision control during delay measurements in optical transport networks include scheduling delay measurements in time slices of a time window. At most, one delay measurement per time slice is scheduled and performed for each optical data unit (ODU) in an optical transport network (OTN).
Method, apparatus and communication network for root cause analysis
There is provided a method (100) for root cause analysis of service quality degradation in a communications network. The method comprises receiving (102) measurements from a plurality of nodes in the communication network, determining (104) identifiers for the received measurements, using (106) the identifiers for the received measurements to determine a network topology; and performing (108) root cause analysis based on the determined topology and the measurements linked with said topology.
Systems and methods for managing computing systems utilizing augmented reality
Various embodiments for managing computing systems are provided. In one embodiment, a method comprises comparing an identified target device in a captured environmental input to a model of the target device; recognizing, in real-time, a status condition of the target device based on the comparison; and determining if the target device is functioning properly if the target device and the model of the target device match, wherein if the target device is not functioning properly: a cause of error and troubleshooting instructions are displayed.
Method for providing node information, method for acquiring node information, and device
A method provides node information. A command for requesting node information associated with a target node is received. The command includes a Management Object Identifier (MOI) and node object information associated with the target node. The node information associated with the target node is sent according to the MOI and the node object information in the command.
Authenticating connections and program identity in a messaging system
A messaging system enables client applications to send and receive messages. The messaging system includes independent component programs performing different functions of the messaging system, such as connection managers that maintain network connections with the client applications, a message router that sends received messages to recipient applications through network connections, and a dispatcher that authenticates other component programs. A messaging server may authenticate client applications using certificate-based authentication (e.g., private and public keys), authentication transfer from another trusted messaging server, or other methods (e.g., user name and password). To authenticate a component program, the dispatcher compares instantiation information (e.g., user identity, process identifier, creation time) of the component program provided by the operating system with instantiation information saved in a shared memory at the time of the component program's instantiation. In response to a match, the dispatcher provides the component program with secure information through an inter-process communication socket.
Sensor network system, sensor network control method, sensor node, sensor node control method, and sensor node control program
A sensor network system 1000 is provided with a plurality of sensor nodes 1100, . . . and configured to decide a parent node for each of the plurality of sensor nodes so as to form a network topology having a tree structure using each of the plurality of sensor nodes as a node. The sensor network system forms the network topology so that, with respect to each of the plurality of sensor nodes, the number of child nodes owned by the sensor node is close to a value obtained by multiplying a maximum containing number, which is a maximum number of sensor data that can be contained by one packet, by a natural number (1200).
Systems and methods for detecting and managing cloud configurations
A cloud configuration management method implemented in a cloud configuration management system communicatively coupled to one or more cloud nodes in a cloud system includes creating a plurality of golden configurations for each of a plurality of roles, wherein each of the one or more cloud nodes has one of the plurality of roles for operation in the cloud system; defining metadata rules for each of the plurality of golden configurations; performing a configuration analysis to audit the one or more cloud nodes using the metadata rules; and providing results of the configuration analysis to determine misconfiguration of any of the one or more cloud nodes.
Making subscriber data addressable as a device in a mobile data network
A mobile data network supports making subscriber data addressable as devices in a mobile data network. Each data chunk is assigned a device address in the mobile data network. The data chunk can then be addresses as a device in the mobile data network. A first implementation allows accessing data in existing mobile data networks by sending a text message to the device address of the data chunk. When the data chunk receives a text message, it responds with one or more text messages that deliver the data in the data chunk to the sender who sent the text message. A second implementation includes a subscriber data mechanism in the mobile data network that supports tracking, transfer and management of subscriber data in the mobile data network. Making subscriber data addressable as a device simplifies data-centric communication in a mobile data network.
Systems and methods for targeted probing to pinpoint failures in large scale networks
Systems and methods for locating network errors. The system includes a plurality of host nodes in a network of host nodes and intermediary nodes, and a database storing route data for each of a plurality of host node pairs. The system includes a controller configured to identify a subject intermediary node to investigate for network errors and select, using route data stored in the database, a set of target probe paths. Each target probe path includes a respective pair of host nodes separated by a network path including at least one target intermediary node, which is either the subject intermediary node or an intermediary node that is a next-hop neighbor of the subject intermediary node. The controller is configured to test each target probe path in the set of target probe paths and to determine, based on a result of the testing, an operational status of the subject intermediary node.
Analytical device control system
Analytical device control servers transmit analytical parameter information and analysis data concerning the analysis being controlled to a system control server at a predetermined time interval. When the system control server detects a fault in an analytical device control server, the system control server determines a new assignment destination from among other normally functioning analytical device control servers, transmits analytical parameter information and analysis data saved in an analysis information storage unit to the assignment destination analytical device control server, and transmits a command to continue execution of control of analysis of the analytical device to that analytical device control server.
Methods and apparatus to transfer management control of a client between servers
An example network device includes a processor configured to execute an Open Mobile Alliance (OMA) Device Management (DM) server, the OMA DM server to perform operations of: participating in mutual authentication with a second OMA DM server; sending a notification to the second OMA DM server for notifying the second OMA DM server to proceed with a delegation process; and sending, to a DM client, information for modifying an access control list (ACL).
Connector configuration for external service provider
An apparatus identifies a connector configuration event. Responsive to the connector configuration event, the apparatus sends an external service information request. The apparatus receives an external service reply to the external service information request. The apparatus performs connector configuration, wherein the connector configuration employs information included in the external service reply, and wherein the performing connector configuration yields a connector employable in consumer external service access.
Workload deployment with infrastructure management agent provisioning
A computer-implemented method for managing a workload in connection with a networked computing infrastructure having a plurality of host computer systems includes obtaining first data indicative of an environment type of the networked computing infrastructure, obtaining second data indicative of an operating system type of the workload, deploying, with a processor, an image of the workload in a virtual machine on a target host computer system of the plurality of host computer systems, incorporating a management agent of the networked computing infrastructure into the virtual machine to provision the virtual machine for operation within the networked computing infrastructure, the management agent being configured in accordance with the first data, and modifying launch instructions of the virtual machine in accordance with the second data such that the management agent is invoked during the operation of the virtual machine.
System and method for memory access in server communications
Embodiments of the present invention are directed to memories used in server applications. More specifically, embodiments of the present invention provide a server that has memory management module that is connected to the processor using one or more DDR channels. The memory management module is configured to provide the processor local access and network access to memories on a network. There are other embodiments as well.
Cable signal detector
A cable signal detector is configured to detect the presence or absence of information communication in a communication cable including a plurality of signal line pairs for differential signaling. The cable signal detector includes a plurality of detecting portions each of which is configured to partially branch and draw a transmission signal from a different signal line pair, rectify the branched and drawn signal into a direct current, and output that direct current, and a displaying portion configured to display the presence or absence of information communication, based on outputs of the plurality of detecting portions. The outputs of the plurality of detecting portions are connected in series, and the displaying portion is configured to display the presence or absence of information communication, based on an overall output voltage of the plurality of detecting portions connected in series.
Continuous digital content presentation across multiple devices
A digital audio gateway device for use in a wireless network of digital audio playback devices. The gateway device is wirelessly linked to one or more digital audio playback devices to provide a gateway to the Internet for the digital audio playback devices. In addition to functioning as a gateway, the device provides additional functionality and may act as a cache of digital audio data for the various digital audio players connected in the wireless network and may also act to automatically update digital audio content on the audio players, synchronize digital audio content and playlists between the digital audio players and continue automatically or upon user request a particular playlist as the user moves from one digital audio player to another.
Zero-intermediate frequency correction method, apparatus, and device
A signal receiving apparatus receives a radio frequency signal sent by a signal transmitting apparatus, where the radio frequency signal includes a transmit end image component. The signal receiving apparatus generates a receive end image component after performing down-conversion processing on the radio frequency signal. The signal receiving apparatus separately removes the receive end image component and the transmit end image component by performing quadrature modulation compensation twice.
Method and apparatus for low-complexity frequency dependent IQ imbalance compensation
Methods and apparatuses are provided in which a processor of a transceiver selects one of a real component of a complex signal and an imaginary component of the complex signal. The complex signal has IQ imbalance. An adaptive filter of the transceiver performs a real multiplication operation using an adaptive filter coefficient and the one of the real component and the imaginary component of the complex signal to generate a complex compensation signal. An adder of the transceiver sums the complex signal and the complex compensation signal to generate a compensated signal in which the IQ imbalance is corrected. The compensated signal is output for digital processing.
Compressed feedback format for WLAN
Channel data for a plurality of OFDM tones for one or more spatial or space-time streams are determined. A plurality of angle values associated with the one or more spatial or space-time streams and the one or more OFDM tones of the plurality of OFDM tones are determined. For each of the one or more spatial or space time streams, a per-tone signal to noise ratio (PT-SNR) associated with one or more OFDM tone of the plurality of OFDM tones is determined, and an average signal to noise ratio (avg-SNR) is determined by averaging signal to noise ratio (SNR) values corresponding to one or more OFDM tones of the plurality of OFDM tones. A feedback report is generated to include at least i) the plurality of angle values, ii) the PT-SNRs, and iii) the avg-SNR.
Method for transmitting and receiving data in wireless local area network and apparatus for the same
Disclosed are a method and an apparatus for transmitting and receiving data in a Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) system. A method for transmitting data may comprise generating a physical layer (PHY) frame including a payload in which a plurality of Medium Access Control protocol data units (MPDUs) are multiplexed; and transmitting the PHY frame, wherein the PHY frame includes information on subcarriers occupied by each of the plurality of MPDUs in an Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) symbol of the payload. Therefore, data transmission efficiency in a WLAN system can be enhanced.
Method for generating a built symbol for PAPR reduction and a method for demodulating a received symbol
Method for generating a built-symbol including plurality of sub-symbols for transmission including data of an original symbol of an orthogonal multi-carrier modulation-signal reducing the peak-to-average power-ratio (PAPR) and increase its robustness against Doppler-effects of the orthogonal multi-carrier modulation-signal, the original symbol lasting a duration, Ts and carried by N-tones; also including: applying intrinsic temporal diversity properties of complex N-points Inverse-Fast-Fourier-Transform to the original symbol, where plurality of sub-symbols number is M, each M sub-symbols lasts Ts/M and is carried by N/M disjoint-tones, the M sub-symbols are time-multiplexed, so the time-multiplexed built-symbol contains all-data at the same rate of the original symbol. The built-symbol is demodulated, utilizing an orthogonal multi-carrier receiver. Demodulating the received built-symbol including the M sub-symbol by demodulating sequentially sub-symbol by sub-symbol, improving the signal against Doppler-effects robustness. Step of increasing secrecy at the communication system physical-layer by taking the unique properties applied the time-multiplexed built-symbol for transmission.
System and method for communication using ambient communication devices
Interactive communication devices in communication with a central server support ambient communications between two or more remotely located users. Each device has embedded sensors, lights, and speakers. The sensors allow the device to sense ‘outgoing’ interaction (e.g., a squeeze or hug), and the lights and speakers allow the device to demonstrate ‘incoming’ interaction. A central device is activated when someone interacts with any of the other devices within the network. The other devices in the network—the peripheral devices—are activated both when the interaction originates from the central device as well as from the other peripheral devices. When the server determines that a user has interacted with one of the devices, messages are sent to other devices in the network to reflect the user interaction. The communication devices allow the users in the network to send messages to each other by simply squeezing their respective devices.
Managing multiple modulation schemes with coded modulation indicator in default-modulated preamble
A wireless transmission having a header and a payload is sent by transmitting a preamble of the header with a first modulation, wherein the preamble carries a coded modulation indicator. The payload and a remainder of the header are transmitted with a modulation associated with the coded modulation indicator. When the transmission is received, the preamble is demodulated in accordance with the first modulation. The coded modulation indicator is then decoded, and the payload and the remainder of the header are demodulated in accordance with the modulation indicated by the decoded modulation indicator.
FFE-aided CDR to calibrate phase offset and enhance gain in baud rate sampling phase detector
A system and method for Feed Forward. Equalizer (FFE)-Aided Clock Data Recovery (CDR) to calibrate phase offset and enhance gain in baud rate sampling phase detector is provided. In an embodiment, a clock data recovery (CDR) apparatus includes an incremental feed forward equalizer (INC-FFE) in a CDR path and a calibration component in an equalization path, the calibration component connected to the INC-FFE, the calibration component configured to adjust FFE coefficients for the INC-FFE according to a phase code (PC) index in a PC index table and one of a signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) and a bit error rate (BER) of a sampled signal, wherein the PC index table comprises adjustment values for the FFE coefficients, and wherein the PC index is linearly related to a sampling phase.
High data rate multilevel clock recovery system
Digital receiver systems and clock recovery techniques for use in digital receiver systems are provided to implement asynchronous baud-rate clock recovery systems for high data rate serial receivers multilevel line modulation. A two-stage postcursor ISI equalization system is provided to efficiently emulate a 4-level DFE (decision feedback equalization) system, for example, while converting a 4-level equalized signal to s 2-level equalized signal. For example, a two stage postcursor ISI equalization system includes a DFE stage which operates on a most significant component of a given 4-level data symbol, followed by a DFFE (decision-feedforward equalizer) stage which operates on a least significant component of the given 4-level data symbol. In parallel with the DFFE stage, an estimate of the least significant component is subtracted from the equalized 4-level data symbol to convert the 4-level data symbol to a 2-level symbol.
Using a shared data store for peer discovery
After acquiring a network address, a computing device accesses a shared data store and writes the network address to the shared data store. The computing device additionally reads a plurality of network addresses from the shared data store, wherein the plurality of network addresses are for a plurality of nodes that are members of a peer-to-peer system. The computing device then joins the peer-to-peer system based on communicating with the plurality of nodes using the plurality of network addresses.
Bus architecture and access method for plastic waveguide
The present disclosure relates to a system that uses a switch to convey wireless signals between a plurality of electronic devices interconnected by dielectric waveguides. In some embodiments, the system includes a plurality of electronic devices respectively having a transceiver element that generates a wireless signal that transmits a data packet. A switch receives the wireless signal from a first one of the plurality of electronic devices and re-transmits the wireless signal to a second one of the plurality of electronic devices. A plurality of dielectric waveguides convey the wireless signal between the plurality of electronic devices and the switch. Respective dielectric waveguides have a dielectric material disposed at a location between one of the plurality of electronic devices and the switch. Using the switch to convey wireless signals between the plurality of electronic devices provides a system that has a low wireless signal attenuation and reduced number of transceivers.
A communication system is provide which includes a plurality of communication units connected to a communication line, in which collisions occur between dominant signals outputted from the communication units on the communication line. At least one of the communication units includes a first driver which is set so that a variation of voltage applied to the communication line in transmission of the dominant signal with respect to that in absence of transmission of the dominant signal is smaller than a variation of voltage applied from another of the communication units to the communication line in transmission of the dominant signal. One of the communication units, which differs from the communication unit including the first driver, includes a second driver which limits variation per unit time of current flowing through the communication line in transmission of the dominant signal.
Secure remote actuation system
A secure remote actuation system may comprise a central signal switch and a remote input receptor. The central signal switch may comprise one or more acceptable inputs. The remote input receptor may comprise a user interface for receiving one or more user inputs from a user. The remote input receptor may further comprise a microcontroller for obtaining and comparing the acceptable inputs to the user inputs. In the present invention, the microcontroller obtains the one or more acceptable inputs from the central signal switch after the user begins to use the user interface.
Efficient multicast topology construction in a routed network
One embodiment of the present invention provides a layer-3 forwarding device. The layer-3 forwarding device includes a processor and a computer-readable storage medium. The computer-readable storage medium stores instructions which when executed by the processor cause the processor to perform a method. The method comprises determining whether the layer-3 forwarding device is a leaf layer-3 forwarding device of a multicast distribution tree of a multicast group in a routed network based on a multicast topology discovery message from a root layer-3 forwarding device of the multicast distribution tree. If the layer-3 forwarding device is the leaf layer-3 forwarding device, the method comprises constructing a multicast topology report message. This multicast topology report message includes topology information of the multicast group in the routed network associated with the layer-3 forwarding device.
Bilateral chat for instant messaging
Systems and technologies for providing an electronic bilateral chat room are disclosed. Users of the system may be screened against a database of organizations having hierarchal information relating to parent organization for which the user is associated, including parent subsidiaries, joint ventures and affiliates. While a bilateral chat room is limited to users in only two organizations, the present disclosure also allows other users that are associated with the structure of the parent organization to be included in the chat room.
Physically uncloneable function device using MRAM
In some examples, a first delay path and a second delay path may each be configured to receive a signal as an input signal at the same time, propagate the input a plurality of MRAM cells, and output the propagated input signal for an arbiter. The arbiter may be configured to output a response value based at least in part on a relative order of arrival of the propagated input signals from the first and second delay paths.
System and method for remote storage auditing
The present invention relates to remote storage auditing. In another embodiment, a remote storage auditing system may include a first remote storage manager configured to be a data owner, a second remote storage manager configured to be a storage donor, and a remote storage auditor. The first remote storage manager sends a data block and a signed fingerprint for the data block to the second remote storage manager. The second remote storage manager verifies that the signed fingerprint is associated with the data block and stores the data block and signed fingerprint. The second remote storage manager calculates a fingerprint for a sub-block of the data block, and sends the fingerprint for the sub-block and signed fingerprint to the remote storage auditor. The remote storage auditor audits a sub-block of the data block and verifies the fingerprint for the sub-block and signed fingerprint.
Method and system for backing up private key of electronic signature token
Provided are a method and system for backing up the private key of an electronic signature token, the method comprising: a first electronic signature token transmits a private key backup request data packet comprising a first signature; a second electronic signature token authenticates the first signature in the private key backup request data packet; if the first signature passes authentication, then determining whether the first electronic signature token has a backup relationship with the second electronic signature token; if yes, then encrypting the private key of the second electronic signature token, and transmitting a private key backup response data packet comprising a second signature and the encrypted private key; the first electronic signature token authenticates the second signature in the private key backup response data packet; if the second signature passes authentication, then determining whether the second electronic signature token has a primary-standby relationship with the first electronic signature token; and if yes, then decrypting the encrypted private key.
Managing secure content in a content delivery network
A system, method, and computer readable medium for managing secure content by CDN service providers are provided. A network storage provider stores one or more resources on behalf of a content provider. A CDN service provider obtains client computing device requests for secure content. Based on processing first signature information, the CDN service provider determines whether the secure content is available to the client computing device. If the CDN service provider does not maintain the requested content, the CDN service provider transmits a request to the network storage provider. Based on second signature information and an identifier associated with the CDN service provider, the network storage provider processes the request based policy information associated with the identifier.
Unified broadcast encryption system
A system and method is disclosed for performing unified broadcast encryption and traitor tracing for digital content. In one embodiment a media key tree is divided into S subtrees, the media key tree including media keys and initial values, which may be random values. The digital content is divided into a plurality of segments and at least some of the segments are converted into a plurality of variations. The random values are transformed into media key variations and a separate media key variant is assigned to each of the subdivided subtrees. A unified media key block including the media key tree is stored on the media.
Systems and methods for near band interference cancellation
A method for self-interference canceller tuning for a near band radio includes receiving, in a first frequency band, an RF transmit signal of the near band radio; receiving, in a second frequency band, an RF receive signal of the near band radio; generating a self-interference cancellation signal from the RF transmit signal based on a set of configuration parameters; combining the self-interference cancellation signal with the RF receive signal to create a composite receive signal; and adapting the set of configuration parameters based on the compo-site receive signal.
Method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving multi-user control channels in a wireless communication system with multiple antennas
Provided are a method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving multi-user control channels through a data channel region in a wireless communication system using multiple antennas. Further provided is a definition of a new search space for control channel candidates. In the transmitting method, a base station forms control channels for a plurality of user equipment each of which is composed of at least one resource block, performs a mapping for the control channels by dividing a space of the same transmission region in a data channel region of a sub-frame, and then multiplexes the control channels with data channels in the data channel region of the sub-frame and to transmit the multiplexed control channels.
Method and device for transmitting/receiving downlink reference signal in wireless communication system
The present invention relates to a wireless communication system, and discloses a method and a device for transmitting/receiving a downlink reference signal in a wireless communication system. The present invention provides a way for maintaining orthogonality of a reference signal between cells in a multi-cell operation.
Method and apparatus for reporting reference information with respect to multiple carriers or multiple cells
A method includes causing first reference information associated with a first cell or carrier and second reference information associated with a second cell or carrier to be sent to a first destination in a first time interval and causing at least third reference information associated with a third cell or carrier to be sent to a second destination in a different time interval.
Method and device for inter-cluster cooperative communication in mobile communication system
The present invention relates to a method and device for inter-cluster cooperative communication in a mobile communication system. A central unit operating method for inter-cluster cooperative communication in a mobile communication system comprises processes comprising: a process of receiving channel data from serving sectors in a serving cluster; a process of respectively receiving the magnitude of change of a target function for scheduling depending on whether the serving sector is blank, from neighboring sectors in neighboring clusters of the serving cluster; and a process of determining the blank pattern of the serving cluster, by using the channel data received from the serving sectors, and the magnitude of change of the target function received from the neighboring sectors in neighboring clusters.
Method for transmit diversity of HARQ-ACK information feedback
The present invention relates to a method for transmit diversity of HARQ-ACK information feedback in a wireless communication system, said system being adapted to employ transmit diversity and non-transmit diversity transmissions of HARQ-ACK information feedback, said method comprising: assigning uplink control channel resources and modulation symbols to HARQ-ACK states for at least two antenna ports such that said HARQ-ACK states are abled to be transmitted when associated uplink control channel resources are implicitly reserved, wherein at least one of said uplink control channel resources is assigned to more than one of said at least two antenna ports, and wherein uplink control channel resources and modulation symbols assigned to HARQ-ACK states for one of said at least two antenna ports is the same as when non-transmit diversity of HARQ-ACK information feedback is employed; and transmitting HARQ-ACK states assigned according to said assignment step on said at least two antenna ports.
Adaptive HARQ for half duplex operation for battery and antenna constrained devices
A user equipment (UE) implements improved communication methods which enable uplink (UL) transmissions consistent with an UL timeline. The UE may have a transmit duty cycle and may transmit acknowledge/negative acknowledge messages to a base station according to the transmit duty cycle. Additionally, the UE may be configured to determine signal-to-interference-plus noise ratio (SINR) between the UE and the base station and compare SINR to a threshold. The UE may transmit redundancy versions of data in consecutive sub-frames with a duty cycle of two transmissions per X+1 sub-frames if SINR is equal or above the threshold and redundancy versions using a duty cycle of one transmission per X sub-frames if SINR is below the threshold. Further, the UE may be configured to communicate a number of UL HARQ processes supported by the UE, receive first information in a first sub-frame, and send second information X sub-frames after the first sub-frame.
Device, system and method of communicating aggregate data units
Some demonstrative embodiments include devices, systems and/or methods of communicating aggregate data units. For example, a device may include a wireless communication unit to communicate an aggregate data unit including a plurality of data units in an increasing order of sequence numbers assigned to the data units, such that a first data unit having a first sequence number always precedes a second data unit having a second sequence number, greater than the first sequence number.
Route-less multi-hop transmission technique in a peer-to-peer infrastructure-less network
A method includes receiving, at a first station of a peer-to-peer infrastructure-less network, a data packet transmitted from a second station of the peer-to-peer infrastructure-less network. The method also includes determining whether to retransmit the data packet to at least one other station in the peer-to-peer infrastructure-less network or whether to suppress retransmission of the data packet based on received signal strengths of received retransmissions of the same data packets from one or more nearby stations.
Output signal generating method, decoded data generating method, output signal generating apparatus, and decoded data generating apparatus
A transmitter apparatus wherein a simple structure is used to successfully suppress the degradation of error rate performance that otherwise would be caused by fading or the like. There are included encoding parts that encode transport data; a mapping part that performs such a mapping that encoded data sequentially formed by the encoding parts are not successively included in the same symbol, thereby forming data symbols; and a symbol interleaver that interleaves the data symbols. In this way, a low computational complexity can be used to perform an interleaving process equivalent to a bit interleaving process to effectively improve the reception quality at a receiving end.
Method and apparatus for interleaving data in a mobile communication system
An interleaving method in a mobile communication system is provided. The interleaving method includes encoding a plurality of bits to output encoded bits in a sequence, interleaving the encoded bits based on a modulation order to generate interleaved encoded bits comprising consecutive bits having a size based on the modulation order, the consecutive bits corresponding to consecutive bits of the encoded bits, scrambling the interleaved encoded bits with a scrambling code to generate scrambled bits, and modulating the scrambled bits based on the modulation order to output at least one symbol.
Adjusting blind decoding of downlink control channel
The present disclosure is related to adjusting a blind decoding of a downlink control channel in a base station. A method of adjusting a blind decoding of a downlink control channel may include creating an enhanced physical downlink control channel (EPDCCH) using the number of EPDCCH candidates per aggregation level (AL) in each of one or more EPDCCH sets for user equipment; and transmitting the created EPDCCH to the user equipment. Herein, the number of EPDCCH candidates is determined based on at least one of (i) a resource size associated with configuration of each EPDCCH set and (ii) the total number of EPDCCH sets.
Channel quality indicator feedback method and apparatus, and user equipment
Embodiments of the present invention provide a channel quality indicator feedback method and apparatus, and a user equipment, so as to improve accuracy of channel quality reflection. The method includes: acquiring a first channel quality indicator CQI1 based on detection of a pilot that is sent by a base station; acquiring a second channel quality indicator CQI2 based on a result of detection of a demodulation pilot; and sending the first channel quality indicator CQI1 and/or the second channel quality indicator CQI2 to the base station in a manner in which the base station can distinguish the first channel quality indicator CQI1 and/or the second channel quality indicator CQI2. The method provided by the embodiments of the present invention objectively reflects a current channel quality status, so that the base station can acquire accurate channel quality information, thereby objectively scheduling data based on the channel quality information and improving data sending efficiency of a channel.
Optical communication system with a hierarchical branch configuration
An optical communication system with a hierarchical branch configuration. The system includes first and second cable landing stations coupled to a trunk path in an optical cable. At least one hub-node is coupled to the trunk path through an associated hub-node branching unit. In an embodiment, mid-nodes are coupled the hub-nodes through associated mid-node branching units and mid-node paths in the optical cable. Mid-node signals may be communicated between the mid-nodes and the hub-nodes without being provided on the trunk path. Sub-nodes are coupled to at least one of the mid-nodes through associated sub-node branching units and sub-node paths in the optical cable. Sub-node signals may also be communicated between the sub-nodes and the mid-nodes without being provided on the trunk path or the mid-node path.
Radio base station, user terminal and radio communication method
The present invention is designed to reduce the impact of interference even when different DL/UL configurations are applied between neighboring transmission points (radio base stations). A radio base station which can communicate with a user terminal by means of time division duplexing, and furthermore change and control the DL/UL configuration, has an interference measurement section that measures the interference level from other radio base stations in at least a UL subframe, and a scheduling control section that changes the feedback method of uplink control signals, which the user terminal feeds back in the UL subframe in response to downlink signals that have been transmitted in DL subframes, based on the measured interference level.
Method and apparatus for performing measurement in wireless communication system
A method for and apparatus for performing a measurement in a wireless communication system is provided. A wireless device determines information about a measurement type, the measurement type indicating one of a first measurement object and a second measurement object and performs measurement using a measurement signal at subframe(s) configured in the measurement object indicated by the measurement type. The measurement signal includes one of a discovery signal, a measurement reference signal (MRS) and a cell-common RS (CRS).
Apparatus and method of background temperature calibration
A circuit includes a controller configured to determine a calibration state of a circuit, to determine an active mode state of the circuit, and to select a type of calibration operation based on the calibration state. The controller is configured to control timing of the selected type of calibration operation in response to determining the calibration state to correspond to a time when the circuit is not active.
Timing recovery for optical coherent receivers in the presence of polarization mode dispersion
A timing recovery system generates a sampling clock to synchronize sampling of a receiver to a symbol rate of an incoming signal. The input signal is received over an optical communication channel. The receiver generates a timing matrix representing coefficients of a timing tone detected in the input signal. The timing tone representing frequency and phase of a symbol clock of the input signal and has a non-zero timing tone energy. The receiver computes a rotation control signal based on the timing matrix that represents an amount of accumulated phase shift in the input signal relative to the sampling clock. A numerically controlled oscillator is controlled to adjust at least one of the phase and frequency of the sampling clock based on the rotation control signal.
Adaptive equalizer with coefficients determined using groups of symbols to compensate for nonlinear distortions in optical fiber communications
An adaptive equalizer with coefficients determined by averaging an estimated filter coefficient over a number, N, of past and future symbols. Estimated filter coefficients may be optimized by optimization of the number N, an averaging window function and a scaling factor using a metric. The metric also allows estimation of the amount of noise that may be compensated by an adaptive equalizer consistent with the present disclosure.
Methods and systems for superchannel subcarrier monitoring using amplitude modulated tones
Methods and systems for superchannel subcarrier monitoring using amplitude modulated (AM) tones include modulating an optical subcarrier of a superchannel with a first frequency that is chosen to be substantially smaller than a baud rate for data modulated onto the optical subcarrier. Certain pairs of subcarriers in the superchannel may be modulated with AM tones having a common frequency with complementary phase for power equalization. Then, downstream detection and monitoring of the optical subcarrier may be performed based on demodulation of the first frequency. Each optical subcarrier in the superchannel may be modulated using a respectively unique combination of AM tone and phase.
Apparatus and method for efficient two-way optical communication where transmitter may interfere with receiver
A two-way optical communication apparatus includes a transmit element, a receive element and a transceive processor. The transmit and receive elements are coupled to a light pipe, and configured to transmit a first optical signal and receive a second optical signal, respectively. The transceive processor is configured to direct the transmit element to suspend transmitting the first optical signal during reception periods, and direct the receive element to sample for the second optical signal during sampling intervals within the reception periods. Each reception period lasts for a respective duration of time, and occurs in the first optical signal at a respective duty cycle. The receive element is configured to sense an ambient light level of the surrounding environment during the reception periods, and the transceive processor is configured to adjust the durations of time and the duty cycles of the reception periods according to the sensed ambient light level.
Optical network and optical network element
An optical network is suggested, comprising a first set of optical fibers, a multimode multiplexer, a multimode amplifier, a multimode demultiplexer, and a second set of optical fibers, wherein the first set of optical fibers is connected via the multimode multiplexer to the multimode amplifier and wherein the multimode amplifier is connected via the multimode demultiplexer to the second set of optical fibers. Accordingly, an optical network element is provided.
Communication system, master station device, slave station device, control unit, and communication control method
A communication system in which a master station device is connected to a plurality of slave station devices by an optical transmission line and a plurality of wavelengths are used to perform at least one of downstream communication and upstream communication. The master station device includes: a control unit that assigns a wavelength to be used in communication to the slave station device, and that generates a control signal for notifying the slave station device of the assigned wavelength; and an optical transmitter that transmits the control signal generated by the control unit to the slave station device. The slave station device includes an optical receiver and an optical transmitter that carry out communication with the master station device using the wavelength based on the control signal received from the master station device.
Directional statistical priority multiple access system and related method
The present invention is directed to a system and related method for providing high bandwidth communication between nodes in an RF neighborhood. Each node may transmit via an omnidirectional antenna element while time differentially receiving via a directional antenna element. As each node receives signals from neighborhood nodes, it determines a neighborhood contingent as well as a desirability of the received signals and the direction from which the desirable signals originate. Based on this direction, each node focuses a directional antenna element on the node from which a signal is desired while eliminating interference from transmissions from undesired nodes. Based on the neighborhood contingent, the system adjusts the node's omnidirectional transmit rates to communicate via statistical priority multiple access protocols with the desirable neighborhood nodes. The system adjusts the node's statistical priority multiple access channel access to account for the eliminated interference.
Radio frequency repeater system for signal transmission through radio frequency shielding material
A radio frequency (“RF”) repeater system can receive, from a connected home device, an original RF signal that is unable to propagate through an object. The RF repeater system can demodulate the original RF signal to extract a data stream that includes data captured by the connected home device, can change an original data rate of the data stream to a new data rate that matches an ultrasonic frequency capable of propagating through the object thereby creating an ultrasonic data stream, can transmit, by a first surface transducer, the ultrasonic data stream through the object to a second surface transducer, can receive, by the second surface transducer, the ultrasonic data stream, can change the data stream from the new data rate back to the original data rate, can modulate the data stream to create a new RF signal, and can transmit the new RF signal towards the destination.
Method of transmitting frames, and corresponding stations and computer program
A frame transmission method is provided for use in a multiuser MIMO system having a transmitter with a plurality of antennas and receivers that are respectively associated with users. The method includes: constructing a sounding frame in which a first portion has at least one symbol for synchronizing destination receivers and a second portion has at least as many pre-coded pilot symbols as there are destination receivers; transmitting the sounding frame in a broadcast mode for its first portion and in a directional mode for its second portion to each of the destination receivers; and constructing a respective data frame for sending to each of the destination receivers by taking account of feedback information coming from the destination receivers and, for each destination receiver, coding interference between destination receivers.
Layer alignment method and apparatus for multilayer three-dimensional beamforming in wireless communication system
A method for transmitting feedback information for fractional beamforming using a massive antenna array from a User Equipment (UE) to a Base Station (BS) in a wireless communication system is disclosed. The method includes receiving information about a plurality of Reference Signal (RS) resources from the BS; selecting at least one of a sub-precoder for at least one RS resources, and one linking precoder for linking the RS resources, based on a preset codebook; and reporting information about the selected precoder to the BS. The selected precoder is one precoding matrix of precoding matrices included in the codebook or a permuted form of the one precoding matrix, and the information about the selected precoder includes an index and permutation information of the one precoding matrix.
Method for transmitting signal in multi-antenna wireless communication system and apparatus for the same
The present invention relates to a method for a base station transmitting a precoded signal to user equipment in a wireless communication system supporting a multi-antenna. More specifically, precoding is conducted by using a precoding matrix to which large delay-cyclic delay diversity (LD-CDD) is applied, wherein the precoding matrix is determined by dividing into matrices for a horizontal direction antenna and a perpendicular direction antenna.
Radio with spatially-offset directional antenna sub-arrays
An intelligent backhaul radio that has an advanced antenna system for use in PTP or PMP topologies. The antenna system provides a significant diversity benefit. Antenna configurations are disclosed that provide for increased transmitter to receiver isolation, adaptive polarization and MIMO transmission equalization. Adaptive optimization of transmission parameters based upon side information provided in the form of metric feedback from a far end receiver utilizing the antenna system is also disclosed.
Preamble design and processing method for on-the-fly, frame-by-frame air data rate detection in wireless receivers
In a system and method for wireless communication with a transmitter and a receiver, the transmitter is operable to wirelessly transmit digital information to the receiver with a plurality of data transmission rates using a modulation format, wherein the digital information is transmitted using a transmission frame including a header part and a payload part, and the header part comprises a preamble, wherein the modulation format is the same for all data transmission rates and wherein the data transmission rate is at least encoded into the preamble of the frame, and wherein the receiver is configured to determine the data transmission rate when receiving the preamble.
A duplex unit allowing simultaneous transmission and reception of microwave signals on at least partly overlapping frequency bands, comprising an interference canceller unit and a control unit, the duplex unit being arranged to receive a transmit signal and to output a first part of the transmit signal at an antenna port, the duplex unit further being arranged to receive a receive signal comprising a payload signal at the antenna port, and to output a combination of the receive signal and a filtered transmit signal as an interference suppressed receive signal of the duplex unit.
Adaptive antenna selection for interference mitigation
This disclosure relates to performing antenna selection to reduce interference in a wireless device. According to some embodiments, it may be determined whether simultaneous communication according to first and second wireless communication technologies causes performance degradation to a third wireless communication technology. If the simultaneous communication according to first and second wireless communication technologies does cause performance degradation to the third wireless communication technology, selection of antenna(s) used for the communications may be based at least in part on the determination that the simultaneous communication according to the first and second wireless communication technologies causes performance degradation to the third wireless communication technology.
Radio frequency properties of a case for a communications device
A case is provided for a portable Radio Frequency (RF) communications device in which the portable RF communications device has an RF antenna arrangement internal to or integrated with an outer housing, the outer housing having an outer surface having a first portion, dielectric characteristics adjacent to which having a relatively low effect on a frequency characteristic of the RF antenna arrangement; and a second portion, dielectric characteristics adjacent to which having a relatively high effect on the frequency characteristic of the RF antenna arrangement. The case has a base, dimensioned to fit a back of the RF communications device; and a plurality of walls, extending from the base and dimensioned to fit corresponding walls of the RF communications device. The case is configured to cover part of the first portion so as to cause a dielectric parameter adjacent a part of the first portion to be relatively high. The case being further adapted such that a dielectric parameter adjacent the second portion is caused to be relatively low. A method for fitting the case on the RF communications device and method for manufacturing the device is also provided.
Tunable notch filter
Aspects of this disclosure relate to a tunable notch filter. In an embodiment, a tunable notch filter includes a series LC circuit in parallel with a tunable impedance circuit, and the tunable notch filter is in a radio frequency signal path associated with a common port of a multi-throw radio frequency switch. According to certain embodiments, the tunable notch filter can be in a radio frequency signal path between an antenna switch and an antenna port.
High power efficient amplifier through digital pre-distortion and machine learning in cable network environments
An example method for facilitating a high power efficient amplifier through digital pre-distortion (DPD) in cable network environments is provided and includes receiving a first signal and a second signal at a DPD coefficient finder in an amplifier module, the second signal including transformations of the first signal from distortions due to channel effects and amplifier nonlinearity, synchronizing the first signal and the second signal, thereby removing the channel effects, computing a first vector representing an inverse of the nonlinearity of the amplifier, computing a second vector representing an inverse of some of the channel effects and providing DPD coefficients to a DPD actuator in the amplifier module, the DPD coefficients including the first vector and the second vector, the DPD actuator predistorting an input signal to the amplifier module with the DPD coefficients, such that an output signal from the amplifier module retains linearity relative to the input signal.
Data packing for compression-enabled storage systems
A method, according to one embodiment, includes repeating the following sequence at least until a page stripe of a memory cache has at least a predetermined amount of data stored therein: receiving a compressed logical page of data, finding an open codeword having an amount of available space which is greater than or equal to a size of the compressed logical page, and storing the compressed logical page in the open codeword having the amount of available space which is greater than or equal to a size of the compressed logical page. The compressed logical page does not straddle out of the open codeword. Other systems, methods, and computer program products are described in additional embodiments.
Angle encoder and a method of measuring an angle using same
An angle encoder has first and second components rotatable with respect to each other, and an encoder pattern having codewords for indicating the angle between the first and second components. The encoder pattern has a set of base encoder channels coded with a conventional Gray code, and a set of Booster channels for improving the resolution of angle measurement.
Dynamic resolution adjustment for digital converters
A circuit includes a digital converter configured to convert an input signal to an output signal. The digital converter is configured to provide the output signal with at least one of a plurality of different output resolutions during each frame based on a control input. A resolution controller is configured to provide the control input to set the resolution of the digital converter to include at least two of the plurality of different output resolutions during each respective frame, such that an aggregate resolution for the digital converter is maintained below a predetermined threshold over time. The aggregate resolution is based on a ratio of the different output resolutions during each respective frame.
Fractional PLL using a linear PFD with adjustable delay
A phase-locked loop. The phase-locked loop includes a voltage-controlled oscillator having: a control input, and a clock output; and a phase frequency detector having: a reference clock input, a feedback clock input, an up output configured to be either in a set state or a reset state, and a down output configured to be either in a set state or a reset state. The up output and the down output are connected to the control input. The clock output is connected to the feedback clock input. The phase frequency detector includes an adjustable delay block configured to delay, by an adjustable delay time: a transition of the up output from the set state to the reset state, and a transition of the down output from the set state to the reset state.
Apparatus for low power signal generator and associated methods
An apparatus includes a signal generator. The signal generator includes a voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) coupled to provide an output signal having a frequency. The signal generator further includes an asymmetric divider coupled to receive the output signal of the VCO and to provide an output signal. The output signal of the asymmetric divider has a frequency that is lower than the frequency of the output signal of the VCO. The asymmetric divider presents a balanced load to the VCO.
Transmit power measurement apparatus having programmable filter device that is set at least based on frequency response of transmit power detection path and related transmit power measurement method thereof
A transmit power measurement apparatus includes a transmit power detection path, a compensation circuit and a tracking circuit. The compensation circuit includes a programmable filter device and a compensation controller. The programmable filter device generates a filter output. The compensation controller sets the programmable filter device at least based on a frequency response of the transmit power detection path. The tracking circuit generates a transmit power tracking result at least based on the filter output.
Process variation power control in three-dimensional (3D) integrated circuits (ICs) (3DICs)
Systems and methods for process variation power control in three-dimensional integrated circuits (3DICs) are disclosed. In an exemplary aspect, at least one process variation sensor is placed in each tier of a 3DIC. The process variation sensors report information related to a speed characteristic for elements within the respective tier to a decision logic. The decision logic is programmed to weight output from the process variation sensors according to relative importance of logic path segments in the respective tiers. The weighted outputs are combined to generate a power control signal that is sent to a power management unit (PMU). By weighting the importance of the logic path segments, a compromise voltage may be generated by the PMU which is “good enough” for all the elements in the various tiers to provide acceptable performance.
Data generating device and authentication system
A data generating device according to embodiments comprises a ring oscillator, a flip-flop circuit and a generator. The flip-flop circuit includes a first terminal and a second terminal to each of which the ring oscillator output is inputted, and that determines a value of output of the ring oscillator. The generator generates an ID for authentication based on one or more values determined by the flip-flop circuit at the time when the ring oscillator is turned on.
Semiconductor device and designing method of semiconductor device
Out of a plurality of transistors, in a power switch which controls, for each logic block, a supply and an interruption of power with respect to the each logic block, each having a gate electrode connected to a well via a contact electrode, and a body region connected to a connection portion of the well with the contact electrode via a well resistor under an element isolation insulating film, and controlling a threshold voltage by changing an electric potential applied to the body region in accordance with a signal of the gate electrode, a plurality of first transistors and a plurality of second transistors which are different from the plurality of first transistors are made to have different delay characteristics from each other between the respective connection portions of the well with the contact electrodes and the respective body regions.
Manually operated switching device for a vehicle with a sensor activation device
A manually operated switching device for a vehicle, with a switch lever and at least one touch-sensitive sensor device formed on the switch lever, which is designed for detecting an effect on a sensor surface of the sensor device that leaves the switch lever positionally unchanged and that triggers a switching signal, wherein an activation device is formed, with which the detecting state of the sensor device is activated as defined by the user.
Apparatus and methods for biasing radio frequency switches
Apparatus and methods for biasing radio frequency (RF) switches are provided herein. In certain configurations, an RF switching circuit includes a field effect transistor (FET) switch electrically connected between a first terminal and a second terminal, and an adaptive biasing circuit that generates a bias voltage used in part to bias a gate of the FET switch. The adaptive biasing circuit includes a low pass filter that generates a low pass filtered voltage based on low pass filtering a voltage of the first terminal, a buffer circuit that receives the low pass filtered voltage and generates a buffered voltage, and a voltage shifting circuit that generates the bias voltage by shifting the buffered voltage by an amount of voltage that depends on a state of a switch control signal.
Drive circuit for power semiconductor element
A drive circuit for a power semiconductor element includes: a voltage-command generation unit that generates a voltage command VGEref, which is a charge command between the gate and emitter terminals of a power semiconductor element; and a subtracter that calculates a deviation voltage Verr between the voltage command VGEref and the voltage between the gate and emitter terminals. The drive circuit also includes: a gate current controller that is input with the deviation voltage Verr and calculates a gate-current command voltage VIGref for determining the gate current that is caused to flow to the gate terminal of the power semiconductor element; a gate-current command limiter that limits the gate-current command voltage VIGref; and a gate-current supply device that is input with an actual gate-current command voltage VIGout and that supplies a gate current to the gate terminal of the power semiconductor element.
Method and device for reset modification based on system state
Transistor-based semiconductor devices, such as systems on chips, may be supplemented with a reset request mechanism to prevent a reset from causing the semiconductor device to enter into an uncertain, or fail, state. More particularly, a method or mechanism may modify a requested reset for a semiconductor device based on a state of the semiconductor device to prevent the semiconductor device from entering an uncertain, an undesired, or a failed state when the reset is effected with regard to the semiconductor device.
Limiting of temperature variations of semiconductor component
A method and an arrangement of limiting temperature variations in a semiconductor component of a switching converter, the method comprising determining a quantity relating to operation temperature of the switching converter, determining temperature of the semiconductor component, selecting a maximum value of switching frequency of the switching converter based on the determined quantity relating to operation temperature of the switching converter and the temperature of the semiconductor component, and limiting the switching frequency of the semiconductor component of the switching converter to the selected switching frequency.
Acoustic wave filter and duplexer
An acoustic wave filter includes series resonators and parallel resonators that have a piezoelectric film on an identical substrate and have a lower electrode and an upper electrode, wherein: one of the series resonators and the parallel resonators have a temperature compensation film on a face of the lower electrode or the upper electrode that is opposite to the piezoelectric film in a resonance region, the compensation film having an elastic constant of a temperature coefficient of which sign is opposite to a sign of a temperature coefficient of an elastic constant of the piezoelectric film; and the other have an added film on the same side as the temperature compensation film on the lower electrode side or the upper electrode side compared to the piezoelectric film in the resonance region in the one of the series resonators and the parallel resonators.
Tunable capacitor integrated on one semiconductor die or on one module
Disclosed is a tunable capacitor. The tunable capacitor according to a first embodiment of the present invention includes: a variable capacitor unit placed between a first terminal and a second terminal; and a bypass switch which on/off controls a bypass connection between the first terminal and the second terminal, wherein the variable capacitor unit and the bypass switch are integrated on one semiconductor die or on one module. The tunable capacitor according to a second embodiment of the present invention includes: a variable capacitor unit placed between a first terminal and a second terminal; an impedance tuner placed between aground terminal and either the first terminal or the second terminal; and a tuning switch which on/off controls the connection between the variable capacitor unit and an impedance tuner, wherein the variable capacitor unit, the impedance tuner and the tuning switch are integrated on one semiconductor die or on one module.
Passive device cell and fabrication process thereof
An implementation of the invention is directed to a passive device cell having a substrate layer, and intermediary layer formed above the substrate layer, and a passive device formed above the intermediary layer. The intermediary layer includes a plurality of LC resonators and a plurality of segmented conductive lines, wherein the plurality of segmented conductive lines are disposed between the plurality of LC resonators.
Capacitively coupled gyrator based on the hall effect
A gyrator for AC signals was developed. This gyrator comprises a Hall effect material, means for permeating this Hall effect material with a magnetic field that is perpendicular to the plane or surface of the material, at least one input port for coupling an alternating current (I1; I2) into the Hall effect material, and at least one output port for outcoupling an output voltage (U2; U1) which is a measure of the Hall voltage generated by the incoupled alternating current. Each of these ports has at least two terminals, which are connected to the outside. At least one terminal of each port is connected to a connecting electrode, which is electrically insulated from the Hall effect material and forms a capacitor together with the Hall effect material. The alternating current is thus capacitively coupled into the Hall effect material, and the output voltage is capacitively coupled out of the Hall effect material. The capacitive coupling of the connecting electrodes provides boundary conditions for the potential in the interior of the Hall effect material, which do not necessarily force potential jumps there. The development of “hot spots,” at which energy is dissipated, in the region of potential jumps can thereby advantageously be reduced or even entirely suppressed.
Intelligent method and apparatus for spectral expansion of an input signal
A method, and a corresponding apparatus, for processing an input signal comprise filtering the input signal to separate a passband frequency component of the input signal from a stopband frequency component of the input signal, and adjusting relative signal power values of the passband frequency component and the stopband frequency component of the input signal based at least in part on signal values of a number of samples associated with the input signal. In the case of audio signals, for example, such processing is used for spectral expansion of the input signal by enhancing the power of the stopband, or low and high frequencies, component with respect to the power of the passband component of the input signal. As a result, a better audio quality is achieved.
Cascode switch for power amplifier
Aspects of this disclosure relate to a cascode circuit electrically coupled between an amplifier configured to amplify a radio frequency (RF) signal and different loads. The cascode circuit can function as a switch to selectively provide an output from the amplifier to a number of different loads. In certain embodiments, the cascode circuit can be electrically coupled between different stages of a multi-stage power amplifier. For instance, the amplifier can be a first stage of the multi-stage power amplifier and the different loads can include different power amplifier transistors of a second stage of the multi-stage amplifier. The cascode circuit can be implemented by bipolar transistors according to certain embodiments.
Multiple range RF amplifier
An amplifier includes at least two amplification stages coupled in parallel. Each amplification stage includes at differential pair of amplifying MOS transistors having gates connected to a first and second input nodes common to amplifying stages, and bulk regions connected to each other but insulated from bulk regions of the amplifying MOS transistors of the other amplification stages. A configuration circuit generates bias voltage for application to the bulk terminals in each amplification stage to set the threshold voltages of the amplifying MOS transistors, and thus configuring the operating range of each amplification stage so that different amplification stages have different operating ranges.
Actuator controller and actuator control method
The controller for an actuator that is driven by a brushless motor estimates the temperature of the magnet in the brushless motor on the basis of an electric current value and a rotation speed thereof which are obtained by supplying power to rotate the brushless motor in a reverse direction, and limits current flowing through the brushless motor during forward rotation so as to prevent the magnet temperature from rising beyond an allowable maximum temperature. Limiting the current flowing through the brushless motor on the basis of the estimated magnet temperature makes it possible to drive the brushless motor while preventing the magnet temperature from rising beyond the allowable maximum temperature without providing the brushless motor with any temperature sensor for detecting the magnet temperature therein.
Divided phase AC synchronous motor controller
A circuit includes phase windings, a power switch circuit comprising at least one power switch at a midpoint of the phase windings, a direct current (DC) supply circuit at the midpoint of the phase windings, and one or more non-collapsing DC power supply components to prevent the DC power supply from collapsing when the at least one power switch is on and conducting during one or more portions of a cycle. The one or more non-collapsing DC power supply components each may include one or more of a tap from one of the phase windings electrically connected to the DC power supply, a secondary phase coil winding connected to the DC power supply to power the power supply, one or more resistors between the one of the phase windings and the power switch circuit, one or more Zener diodes between one of the phase windings and the power switch circuit, and/or an electrical component to create a voltage drop between one of the phase windings and the power switch circuit to prevent the power supply from collapsing when the at least one power switch in the power switch circuit is on and conducting.
Floating power generator
A floating power generator having a water wheel and electrical generator. The floating power generator can comprise a variable speed drive.
Device and method for inhibiting vibration of superconducting magnetic suspension rotor
A device and a method for inhibiting vibration of a superconducting magnetic suspension rotor. The device comprises a rotor cavity housing, lateral coils, a superconducting rotor with a rotor top plane, a copper plate, pole shoes, a z-axial vibration measuring sensor, an x-axial vibration measuring sensor, a y-axial vibration measuring sensor, and a copper ring, the pole shoes having a spherical inner surface and being arranged symmetrically up and down so as to form a rotor cavity; the annular lateral coils being closely adjacent to an outside cylindrical surface of the rotor cavity housing and fixed to the same; the z-axial vibration measuring sensor being fixed to a central region of the copper plate; the x-axial vibration measuring sensor being mounted along an x-coordinate axis and the y-axial vibration measuring sensor mounted on a on the copper ring which is mounted along an equatorial plane of the rotor.
Power tool and controller
A power tool includes a motor, a drive unit driven by the motor, and a trigger switch and a forward-reverse switch each operable by a user. The trigger switch is switchable between an activation state and a deactivation state. The forward-reverse switch switches a motor rotation between forward and reverse. The power tool also includes a control unit that drives the motor based on operation of the trigger switch and allows switching of an operation mode of the power tool between first and second modes. In the first mode, the motor rotation is switched to that selected by the forward-reverse switch. In the second mode, when the activation state is switched to the deactivation state, the motor rotation is switched so that the motor is driven in a direction opposite to the present rotation direction when the trigger switch is activated next.
Method and system for controlling electrical vacuum pump
A control method and system of an electrical vacuum pump is provide to resolve generation of peak current when a motor of the electrical vacuum pump initially starts and implement a soft start. The electrical vacuum pump generates vacuum by suctioning air by rotating a pump with a motor. The control method includes starting the motor by supplying a power supply to the motor to switch on the electrical vacuum pump and sensing current applied to the motor using a current sensing circuit. In addition, the method includes determining a target value of motor input voltage set as a value according to the sensed applied current while starting the motor until the sensed applied current reaches a predetermined current and adjusted the motor input voltage applied to the motor to correspond to the target value.
Surfaces that ease relative displacement in EAP generators
An EAP generator is described, including at least one EAP stack that is disposed between two force-transferring surfaces disposed parallel to one another, having at least one layer, facilitating relative displacement between the end of the EAP stack and the force-transferring surface facing toward that end, in particular a deformable or friction-reducing intermediate layer. A corresponding method for generating electrical energy from elongation energy on a capacitive basis by charge displacement is also described.
Actuation device with a drive element actuated by crawling
An actuation device (1) which includes an actuation element (3) with a fixed 10 portion (31) and a driving portion (32); wherein the fixed portion (31) includes a crawling surface (311). The driving portion (32) includes a flexible moveable blade (321) positioned in parallel and at a distance from the crawling surface (311). When a power supply voltage is applied between the moveable blade (321) and the crawling surface (311), the free end (3211) comes into contact with the crawling surface (311), and a contact area, between the moveable blade (321) and the crawling surface (311), increases by propagation of the crawling front (3213) along the moveable blade (321). The propagation of the crawling front displaces the moveable blade (321) according to a first orientation.
Method for acquiring values indicative of an AC current of an inverter and related circuit and inverter
A method for acquiring values indicative of an AC current generable by an inverting stage of an inverter. The method includes at least a first line and a second line for providing a path for AC current between the inverting stage and the output stage. A current sensor is operatively associated to the first and second lines and configured in such a way to generate a signal as a function of the sum between the AC current flowing in the first line and the AC current flowing in the second line. The method may also include driving the inverting stage in such a way that the AC current in the first line has a first high-frequency ripple during a first-half of the current period, and in such a way that the AC current in the second line has a second high-frequency ripple during a second-half of the current period.
Electric power converter and control method for electric power converter
An electric power converter according to an embodiment includes a switching unit, a controller, and a second bidirectional switch. The switching unit includes a plurality of first bidirectional switches disposed between a DC power source and an AC load or between a DC load and an AC power source. The controller controls the switching unit to perform power conversion between DC power and AC power. When turning off the second bidirectional switch disposed on a path between one pole of the DC power source or the DC load and the switching unit, the controller turns on the first bidirectional switch connected between the other pole of the DC power source and the AC load or between the other pole of the DC load and the AC power source.
Magnetoelectric device capable of damping power amplification
A magnetoelectric device includes reluctance components, damping modules and a driving module. Each reluctance component includes a magnetic core unit having a loop-shaped first segment and a second segment connected to the first segment, first to third coils wound around and loosely coupled to the first segment, a first capacitor connected between the second and third coils, and a second capacitor connected to the third coil in parallel. Each damping module receives electrical energy from a respective reluctance component, and releases electrical energy to a DC power source. The driving module connects the DC power source to each first coil in such a way that a respective AC voltage is generated across each first coil.
Power supply device, adapter, power receiving device, and power supply method
There is provided a power supply device, including a connection state determiner that determines a connection state between an external power recipient device and a power line on which electric power is transmitted, a communication control unit that, in a case where the connection state determiner determines that the external power recipient device is connected to the power line, causes information related to power receiving capability corresponding to the external power recipient device to be acquired by wireless communication, a power receiving capability specifier that specifies the power receiving capability of the external power recipient device on the basis of the acquired information related to the power receiving capability, and a power control unit that causes electric power compatible with the external power recipient device to be transmitted on the basis of the specified power receiving capability.
Directly amplified ripple tracking control scheme for multiphase DC-DC converter
A controller for a multiphase power converter has a plurality of DC to DC converters coupled in parallel between a voltage source and a single output terminal is provided. The controller includes a voltage sensing circuit coupled to the output terminal. An internal pulse generating circuit is couplable to the voltage sensing circuit for generating an internal pseudo-pulse width modulated signal. An ON time signal distribution circuit is couplable to an output of the internal pulse generating circuit and couplable to driver circuit for driving each of the plurality of DC to DC converters. A multiphase power converter and method also disclosed.
DC-DC converter with digital current sensing
A regulated DC-DC switching converter includes a bypass mode in which ends of an output inductor are coupled together. Circuitry determines output capacitor current and load current components of output inductor current during operation of the switching converter, for use in controlling switching operations.
Power converter with noise-current reduction capacitor
In a power converter, a housing is grounded. A power converter circuit is installed in the housing and configured to perform power conversion of input power into output power. An external terminal is electrically connected to the power converter circuit for connection of an external device to the power converter circuit. A first capacitor has first and second electrodes. The first electrode of the first capacitor is connected to the external terminal, and the second electrode thereof is connected to the housing. A second capacitor has first and second electrodes. The first electrode of the second capacitor is connected to the external terminal, and the second electrode thereof is connected to the housing. The first capacitor, the external terminal, the second capacitor, and the housing is arranged to provide a conductive loop.
Dead-time optimization of DC-DC converters
Representative implementations of devices and techniques determine the timing of switches associated with a dc-dc converter. The determination is based on a body diode conduction of at least one of the switches, which is detected and used to determine a switching delay.
In a power converter including at least one bridge circuit configured to have upper and lower arms in which a first power semiconductor device and a second power semiconductor device are connected in series, a first gate driving circuit that supplies a charge to the first power semiconductor device of an upper arm to drive the first power semiconductor device monitors a voltage developed by an output inductor between a connection end between the first power semiconductor device and the second power semiconductor device and a load, and performs control to protect the first power semiconductor device based on a value of the monitored voltage.
Apparatuses and methods for over-current protection of DC-DC voltage converters
A peak current protection circuit includes a current sensing circuit configured to sense an operating current of a DC-DC converter, and an over-current detector operably coupled with the current sensing circuit. The over-current detector is configured to generate an over-current detect signal at a peak current limit that is that is independent of a voltage level of an output signal of the DC-DC converter. A method for providing over-current protection for a DC-DC converter includes sensing an operating current of a DC-DC converter at a first input of a comparator, sensing a reference current at a second input of the comparator, comparing the first input with the second input, and generating an over-current detect signal in response to the comparison such that a peak current limit for the DC-DC converter is independent of a voltage level of an output signal of the DC-DC converter.
Virtual impedance shaping
Methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on a computer storage medium, for shaping grid currents output from parallel inverters in a power distribution system with virtual impedances. In one aspect, a method includes receiving a measurement of the current output from the inverter, processing the measurement of the current to extract a first current component having a particular frequency, obtaining a second current component based on the measurement of the current and the extracted first current component, weighing the first and second current components with respective first and second impedances to obtain respective first and second component voltages, the first impedance having a lower impedance amplitude than the second impedance, obtaining a shaped voltage based on the first and second component voltages, and outputting a control signal to the inverter, the control signal causing the inverter to output the shaped voltage to the power distribution bus.
Insulated power supply apparatus applied to power converter circuit including series connections of upper and lower arm switching elements
An insulated power supply apparatus includes an upper arm transformer which has a primary side coil and a secondary side coil, a lower arm transformer which has a primary side coil and a secondary side coil, and a power supply control section which has a voltage control switching element and an integrated circuit which turns on or off the voltage control switching element. At least one of the upper arm transformer and the lower arm transformer is adjacent to the power supply control section when viewing a surface of the substrate from a front thereof. An electric path transfers output voltage of the secondary side coil of the transformer adjacent to the power supply control section, to the integrated circuit. The integrated circuit turns on or off the voltage control switching element to perform feedback control so that the output voltage detected via the electric path reaches a target voltage.
Generating electricity from the earth
A system for generating electricity from the geomagnetic field and rotation of the earth is presented. The earth rotates through the geomagnetic field to form a potential difference between first and second terrestrial charged bodies. The first and second charged bodies are spaced apart in a direction substantially normal to the earth's surface. The system comprises an electrical load, a first current path, and a second current path. The electrical load has a supply input and a ground output. The first current path is coupled to the first charged body and to the supply input of the electrical load, for supplying the potential difference to the electrical load. The second current path is coupled to the ground output of the electrical load and to the second charged body. As a result of this arrangement, an electric current related to the potential difference is generated in the electrical load.
System and method for stabilizing a voice coil
A device or method for stabilizing a voice coil is disclosed. The device comprises a voice coil for providing a motive force, and means for measuring a signal from said voice coil related to a motional electromotive force. The device further comprises a unit for controlling an amplification of said signal to create a force in said voice coil in a direction of said motional electromotive force.
Linear motor and linear motor drive system
A linear motor is capable of miniaturization of a device, sharing of effective magnetic fluxes between the magnetic poles adjacent to each other, and decreasing a magnetic attractive force acting between a mover and an armature, and a linear motor drive system. The linear motor includes a mover, formed by lining up a plurality of pieces of permanent magnets or magnetic materials while inversing a magnetization direction thereof, and an armature. First and second magnetic pole teeth are disposed in such a way as to vertically tuck the permanent magnet or the magnetic material. A magnetic material links the first magnetic pole tooth to the second magnetic pole tooth, thereby forming a path for a magnetic flux, and windings are disposed on the first magnetic pole tooth and the second magnetic pole tooth, respectively. At least two units of the armatures are lined to be linked to each other.
Electromagnetic propulsion system
A system for propelling craft which is applicable in any environment. It employs an alternating magnetic field supplied by a coil. A parallel plate capacitor is situated so that the flux of the magnetic field flows between the plates of the capacitor. The capacitor is charged and discharged in synchronization with the alternating magnetic field. The changing magnetic field creates an electric field that applies a force to the charge in the plates which is then transferred to the body of the device. Any induced reactive electric force on the coil affects equally the protons and electrons in the wires of the coil creating the magnetic field, thus the force is non-reactive. At the same time, the changing electric field in the capacitor creates a magnetic field. The current in the coils and/or the surface current in the ferromagnetic material (if present) experiences a force from the magnetic field. The magnetic field created by these currents, however, has no free charge between the plates of the capacitor with which to react, thus this force is also non-reactive. The two forces are in opposite directions, but are not the same magnitude, thus the device is propelled in a single direction.
Shaft rotary type linear motor and shaft rotary type linear motor unit
The present invention provides a shaft rotary type linear motor that enables a movable element to rotate and linearly move by using a simple structure, and can therefore support compact, space-saving and lightweight designs. The shaft rotary type linear motor includes: a shaft; an outer cylinder; a hollow movable element having a plurality of permanent magnets within the outer cylinder; an armature surrounding the hollow movable element and having a plurality of coils; and a frame containing the armature. The shaft is supported by a rotatable and linearly movable linear guide.
Holding means for electrical machines
A holding element (68, 82) for attaching magnets (62) to a rotor (20) of an electrical machine (10). This electrical machine is, in particular, designed as an AC generator and comprises intermediate spaces (60) between the individual poles (24, 25). The holding element (68, 82) comprises a top side (72) and spring lugs (70) which axially fix the magnets (62). The holding element (68, 82) has claw-like projections (74) which bear against flanks (80) of the poles (24, 25) when the holding element (68, 82) is in the fitted state.
Coil end shaping apparatus and method
A coil end shaping apparatus shapes a plurality of edgewise bent portions that are bent in the edgewise direction in a lead wire portion extending from one end of a coil, and includes first and second shaping dies capable of approaching each other to shape the edgewise bent portions provided on the base end side with respect to the edgewise bent portion e4 that is the closest to the free end side among the plurality of edgewise bent portions, and a third shaping die capable of cooperating with the second shaping die to shape the edgewise bent portion that is the closest to the free end side.
Slip ring device
A slip ring device (5) includes ring members (10a-10c) that rotate along with an input shaft, and brushes that contact the ring members (10a-10c). The ring members (10a-10c) have surfaces (11a-11c) that contact the brushes, and a plurality of dimples are formed upon these surfaces (11a-11c).
Use of an involute shaped housing surrounding shaft(s) to promote shaft annulus fluid flow
The powertrain includes a sump and an electric motor-generator configured to convert electrical energy into mechanical energy. The electric motor-generator includes a stator and a rotor. The rotor includes a rotor shaft and is configured to rotate about a shaft axis relative to the stator. The powertrain further includes an output shaft rotatable about the shaft axis and extending through the rotor shaft along the shaft axis. The output shaft and the rotor shaft jointly define a substantially annular gap therebetween. The electric motor-generator also includes a motor housing covering the stator and the rotor. The motor housing defines a housing passageway in fluid communication with the sump and the substantially annular gap. The housing passageway includes a substantially involute shaped portion in order to facilitate flow of the cooling fluid from the sump to the substantially annular gap.
Cooling system for motor
In a vertical through hole of a rotational shaft, a first protrusion portion and a second protrusion portion protruding from an inner peripheral surface of the vertical through hole are provided in an axial direction of the through hole to form a storage area for storing oil, and discharge holes for directly discharging oil flowing over the first protrusion portion into the transaxle casing are provided in parallel with cooling holes.
A wiper motor includes a reduction mechanism (26) contained in a reduction mechanism containing chamber (27) of a gear frame (21) and configured to reduce and transmit a rotation to a worm wheel (35); and a motion conversion mechanism (29) contained in a motion conversion mechanism containing chamber (30) of the gear frame (21) and configured to convert and output a rocking motion to an output shaft (28). A support surface (37) set up flush with the other end surface (35b) of the worm wheel (35) in the axial direction rotatably contained in the reduction mechanism containing chamber (27) is formed on the inner surface of the bottom wall (30a) of the motion conversion mechanism containing chamber (30). The support surface (37) is formed over the entire area facing a pinion gear (40) and the motion conversion member (41) on the bottom wall (30a) of the motion conversion mechanism containing chamber (30).
Electric drive motor
An electric drive motor (4), in particular for a pump assembly, has a terminal box (8) arranged on the electric drive motor (4). The terminal box (8) includes a first section (10) arranged at an axial end (6) of the drive motor (4) and a second section (14) arranged radially to the first section (10). The second section (14) is radially spaced from the first section (10) and in the tangential direction has a width (b) which is larger than a diameter (d) of the first section in this direction. The second section (14) is connected to the first section (10) via a connection section (16) having two side walls which are away for one another. These two side walls extend from the second section (14) to the first section (10) and are angled to one another, such that they approach one another towards the first section (10).
Winding with a cooling channel for an electrical machine
A winding for an electric machine is provided. The electric machine includes conductor bars which are arranged one above the other and each of which has a cooling slot. The conductor bars are designed such that the height of the conductor bars increases in the radial direction and the effective cooling cross-section decreases in the radial direction.
Electric machine with modular stator coils and cooling tubes
A stator of an electrical machine includes a stator core having a plurality of stator teeth and stator slots, and a stator winding having a plurality of stator coils. The width of each stator coil is one stator slot pitch, and the stator teeth are shaped to allow each stator coil to be installed by pushing the stator coil to surround one of the stator teeth. The stator coils include tubular cooling channels for conducting cooling liquid in the stator slots.
Permanent magnet synchronous motor and power-assisted steering system
The invention relates to a permanent magnet synchronous motor, in particular an electric three phase motor, comprising a stator in which stator teeth with interposed stator grooves are arranged, at least one winding made of an electrically conductive material being provided on each stator tooth, further comprising a rotor with permanent magnets which are arranged radially in a spoke-like manner in the rotor. Said synchronous motor has a predetermined and defined maximum brake torque based on a predetermined diameter-length-ratio of the rotor, a number of rotor poles and a number of stator grooves. The present invention further relates to an electric power-assisted steering system.
Rotor and rotary electric machine using the same
A first rotor core including a plurality of gaps penetrating through the first rotor core along an axial direction is provided. A second rotor core being in contact with an axial end of the first rotor core and having a plurality of magnet-housing slots facing the gaps is also provided. The gaps have a magnetic resistance lower than that of the magnet-housing slots.
Interior permanent magnet machine with pole-to-pole asymmetry of rotor slot placement
An interior permanent magnet machine includes a rotor having a plurality of slots. First and second slots are disposed in a first pole and the third and fourth slots are disposed in a second pole. A first angle is defined between respective centerlines of the first and second slots. A second angle is defined between respective centerlines of the third and fourth slots. The first angle is configured to be sufficiently different from the second angle so that torque ripple is reduced. Thus the rotor is configured such that the angular configuration of slots in a first pole is different from the angular configuration of slots in a second pole of the rotor.
Interlocked stator yoke and star for electric motor
A stator for an electric motor includes a yoke and a star disposed in the yoke. The star is configured to receive a rotor therein and has at least one wire coiled thereat. The yoke and the star are configured such that the star is axially insertable into the yoke with reduced interference and reduced insertion force. The star is axially inserted into the yoke in an unlocked position. When the star is inserted into the yoke, the star is rotatable to a locked position, whereby the star is retained at the yoke via an interference fit.
Antenna array calibration for wireless charging
Antenna array calibration for wireless charging is disclosed. A wireless charging system is provided and configured to calibrate antenna elements in a wireless charging station based on a feedback signal provided by a wireless charging device. The antenna elements in the wireless charging station transmit wireless radio frequency (RF) charging signals to the wireless charging device. The wireless charging device provides the feedback signal to the wireless charging station to indicate total RF power in the wireless RF charging signals. The wireless charging station is configured to adjust transmitter phases associated with the antenna elements based on the feedback signal until the total RF power in the wireless RF charging signals is maximized. By calibrating the antenna elements based on the feedback signal, it is possible to achieve phase coherency among the antenna elements without requiring factory calibration.
System and method for storing and distributing DC power
A system and method for storing and distributing DC power, comprising: a first desk with a horizontal desktop surface and vertical support surfaces, batteries, a charging circuit with an AC to DC power converter, one AC power input channel, one DC power input channel, and DC power output channels; a second desk with a horizontal desktop surface and vertical support surfaces, batteries, a charging circuit with an AC to DC power converter, one AC power input channel, one DC power input channel, and DC power output channels; and electrical information processors adapted to the charging circuits to regulate and allocate DC power between batteries and DC power output channels within a chain of electrically connected desks by measuring and controlling charges and electric currents from charging circuits to batteries, from charging circuits to DC power output channels, and from batteries to DC output channels.
Emergency system with brown-out detection
An emergency system including an auxiliary power supply, a charging circuit, a brown-out circuit, and a controller unit. The auxiliary power supply connected to a device. The charging circuit having an input voltage, provided by a mains power supply, and an output, configured to provide power to the auxiliary power supply. The brown-out circuit operably connected to the charging circuit and configured to sample the input voltage. The control unit receiving the sampled input voltage and activating the device when a brown-out condition is detected, the detection based on the sampled input voltage.
No load detection and slew rate compensation
The power regulation control circuit is implemented during two modes. A first mode is a sleep mode and a second mode is a wake-up mode. During the sleep mode, the power supply detects a no-load presence and artificially increases the output voltage Vout to its maximum allowable value. In some embodiments, this is accomplished by pulling up an output of a error amplifier that feeds a PWM module. During the wake-up mode when the power supply wakes up from the sleep mode under maximum load, the output voltage Vout sinks from the artificially higher voltage, but still stays above a minimum operational voltage level. A slew rate compensation can be implemented to control a rate at which the output voltage drops when a load is applied. The artificially high output voltage during no-load condition and the slew rate compensation provide open loop voltage adjustment.
Fuel cell system, method for controlling fuel cell system, and storage battery system
The fuel cell system includes: a power generation unit; an obtaining unit obtaining battery information indicating a storage state of a storage battery; and a control unit selecting one of a first control mode and a second control mode based on the battery information when load power changes from a first load power to a second load power, the first control mode being for supplying power from the power generation unit to the load by causing the power generation unit to generate power without causing the storage battery to charge and/or discharge, the second control mode being for causing the power generation unit to generate power with a change rate of generation power being set to a value smaller than a value in the first control mode, by causing the storage battery to charge and/or discharge.
High voltage generation method at battery system
A method and apparatus for generating a high voltage at a battery system. The apparatus in one embodiment includes a supply node configured for direct or indirect coupling to a supply voltage. A converter is coupled between an input node and an output node, wherein the converter is configured to operate in a forward mode or a reverse mode. The converter generates a voltage at the converter output node for charging a battery when operating in the forward mode, wherein a magnitude of the voltage generated at the converter output node is less than a magnitude of the supply voltage. The converter generates a voltage at the converter input node when operating in the reverse mode, wherein a magnitude of the voltage generated at the converter input node is different than a magnitude of a voltage provided by the battery. A control circuit is coupled to and configured to control operation of the converter in the forward mode or the reverse mode.
Mobile power supply, charging base and superimposed charging platform
A mobile power supply includes an upper and lower shells, both of which are attached to each other to form a housing of the mobile power supply. A first PCB and a storage battery connected with the first PCB are disposed within the housing. An upper cover is provided at the top of the upper shell. A lower cover is provided at the bottom of the lower shell. A first and second conductive poles, which pass through the upper and lower covers and are both connected with the first PCB, are vertically disposed apart from each other within the housing. Top ends of the first and second conductive poles form first snap button structures with the upper cover, respectively. Bottom ends of the first and second conductive poles form first buckling structures with the lower cover, respectively, the first buckling structures match with the first snap button structures, respectively.
Battery management system for transmitting secondary protection signal and diagnosis signal using a small number of insulation elements
Disclosed is a battery management system for transmitting a secondary protection signal and a diagnosis signal using a small number of insulation elements. N battery management units included in the battery management system transmit at least two pieces of data via one communication line through time division. N data signals transmitted from the N battery management units are transmitted in a sequential order or are mixed to one signal and transmitted to an external device.
Wireless power transmitting apparatus and method thereof
Disclosed are a wireless power transmitting apparatus and a method thereof. The wireless power transmitting apparatus wirelessly transmits power to a wireless power receiving apparatus. The wireless power transmitting apparatus detects a wireless power transmission state between the wireless power transmitting apparatus and the wireless power receiving apparatus, and generates a control signal to control transmit power based on the detected wireless power transmission state. The wireless power transmitting apparatus generates the transmit power by using first DC power based on the control signal, and transmits the transmit power to a transmission resonance coil through a transmission induction coil unit based on an electromagnetic induction scheme.
Wireless power-supplying system
A wireless power-supplying system includes a power-transmitting coil provided on the ground and a power-receiving coil provided above the power-transmitting coil and wirelessly supplies electric power from the power-transmitting coil to the power-receiving coil. The wireless power-supplying system further includes a flexible cover provided so as to cover the power-transmitting coil and configured to be inflated to occupy a space between the power-transmitting coil and the power-receiving coil. During the inflation of the flexible cover, the flexible cover assumes a specific shape capable of removing a foreign object laid thereon before occupying the space between the power-transmitting coil and the power-receiving coil.
Circuit arrangement for connection to an electrical circuit and electrical circuit
A circuit arrangement connected to an electrical circuit including a transformer with primary winding connected to the electric power grid and secondary winding connected to a power converter with a capacitor, the circuit arrangement has a primary winding coupled to the auxiliary winding, which is connected to a switching device.
Subscriber line power distribution system
A system and a method for distributing power to telecommunication subscriber lines is disclosed. It is important that the power dissipation in the subscriber line interface circuits, SLICs is reduced. Power dissipation occurs when the subscriber lines are fed with a voltage level that is higher than necessary. It is also important that the implementation allows for flexibility when configuring the subscriber lines. These problem have been solved by using a power distribution system comprising at least three power supply units with different power supply voltages, a control unit and a switching unit connected between the SLICs and the power supply units. The control unit is adapted to determine the loop voltages of the subscriber lines and to connect the corresponding SLIC to the power supply unit giving the least power dissipation.
System and method for isolated DC to DC converter
Disclosed is a battery and load equalization circuit that prevents the in-rush of current when batteries and/or loads are initially connected in parallel. Various techniques are used including charging, discharging and use of DC to DC converters to equalize charges between batteries and between batteries and capacitive loads.
Built-in test circuits for transient voltage protection devices
A transient voltage suppressor device includes a transient voltage suppression circuit, a first voltage monitor lead connected to the transient voltage suppression circuit, and a second voltage monitor lead connected to the transient voltage suppression circuit. A voltage injection circuit having a plurality of output voltage levels is also connected to the transient voltage suppression circuit to provide indication via the first and second voltage monitors if the transient voltage suppression circuit is shorted or open.
Efficient installation electrical hardware system and method of use
An improved installation system for electrical hardware, such as power outlets, electrical switches, light fittings, ceiling fans and the like, whereby the cutting of their installation access holes in drywall panels is accomplished much faster than prior art methods and with a high degree of accuracy by the use of the hole cutting system, comprising the magnetic block assembly, corresponding magnetic template assembly and the hole cutter. In conjunction with the aforementioned; the electrical hardware's associated electrical boxes are wired directly to their electrical supply and the hardware is in turn, electrically connected to them by their respective sets of electrical terminals which make simultaneous contact with each other upon their installation. Additionally, the latching pawl mechanism and alignment device supports the weight of heavy light fittings and ceiling fans and aligns their electrical connections while they're being fixed into their installed position. These features taken together make this improved installation system substantially superior to all prior art.
Quantum cascade laser
A quantum cascade laser includes a substrate having a principal surface; a laser body region disposed on the principal surface, the laser body region including a semiconductor laminate structure having an end facet, the laser body region having a waveguide structure extending along a waveguide axis; and a distributed Bragg reflection region disposed on the principal surface, the distributed Bragg reflection region including low and high refractive index portions that are alternately arranged in a direction of the waveguide axis. The end facet of the semiconductor laminate structure is optically coupled to the distributed Bragg reflection region. Each of the high refractive index portions includes a semiconductor wall including upper and lower portions that are arranged in a direction intersecting with the principal surface of the substrate. The principal surface is disposed between the upper and lower portions. The lower portion includes a part of the substrate.
Laser apparatus and optical transmitter
A laser apparatus includes a semiconductor laser of which a drive condition is controlled according to a plurality of types of drive currents and a controller which controls the drive condition such that a sum of the drive currents is equal to or less than a predetermined threshold value.
Integrated semiconductor optical element and manufacturing method for same
The present invention relates to an optical semiconductor integrated element and manufacturing method for same solves difficulty in element manufacture, and reduces optical transmission loss. The present invention is provided with a stripe-shaped waveguide configured from a multilayer structure wherein at least a first conductivity-type lower cladding layer, a waveguide core layer, and an upper cladding layer are layered, and the upper cladding layer is formed using a second conductivity-type upper cladding layer, and an i-type upper cladding layer, which has a bent portion by being shifted in the perpendicular direction with respect to the main extending direction of the waveguide.
Semiconductor laser mounting with intact diffusion barrier layer
A first contact surface of a semiconductor laser chip can be formed to a target surface roughness selected to have a maximum peak to valley height that is substantially smaller than a barrier layer thickness. A barrier layer that includes a non-metallic, electrically-conducting compound and that has the barrier layer thickness can be applied to the first contact surface, and the semiconductor laser chip can be soldered to a carrier mounting along the first contact surface using a solder composition by heating the soldering composition to less than a threshold temperature at which dissolution of the barrier layer into the soldering composition occurs. Related systems, methods, articles of manufacture, and the like are also described.
The invention relates to an apparatus for generating temporally spaced apart light pulses, comprising a first laser (11) which generates a first sequence (I) of light pulses at a first repetition rate, a second laser (12) which generates a second sequence (II) of light pulses at a second repetition rate, and at least one actuating member which influences the first repetition rate and/or the second repetition rate. It is an object of the invention to provide an apparatus for generating temporally spaced apart light pulses which is improved in relation to the prior art. This object is achieved by the invention by a control element (23) which applies a periodic modulation signal (24) to the actuating member for periodic variation of the first repetition rate and/or the second repetition rate, wherein the actuating member comprises a mechanical oscillator excited by the modulation signal (24), the deflection of said oscillator causing an adjustment in the resonator length of the first laser (11) and/or second laser (12), wherein the mechanical oscillator oscillates in resonant fashion at the frequency of the modulation signal (24). In accordance with the invention, an actuator (e.g. a piezo-actuator) which adjusts the resonator length of the laser is operated in resonant fashion. As a result, a large maximum time offset of the light-pulse sequences (I, II) with, at the same time, a high scanning speed is rendered possible. Moreover, the invention relates to a method for generating temporally spaced apart light pulses.
A laser apparatus may include a first laser resonator configured to generate a laser beam, a first optical element configured to adjust a divergence in a first direction of the laser beam, a second optical element configured to adjust a divergence in a second direction of the laser beam, a measuring unit configured to measure the divergence in the first direction and the divergence in the second direction of the laser beam, and a controller configured to control one or both of the first optical element and the second optical element based on the divergence in the first direction and the divergence in the second direction of the laser beam both measured by the measuring unit.
Noncollinear achromatic phase matching based optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier with insensitivity to temperature and wavelength
A simultaneous temperature- and wavelength-insensitive parametric amplifier comprising a pump laser, a signal laser, and a crystal amplifier. The pump laser system on a first optical pathway includes a Nd:YVO4 laser oscillator-regenerative amplifier and a Nd:YAG boost amplifier. The pump laser beam is generated from the pump laser system, passes through the first image-relay system, and is frequency-doubled in the frequency-doubling crystal. The signal laser system on a second optical pathway comprises a Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier and generates the signal laser beam, which passes through the pulse stretcher and is temporally chirped and imposed with an angular dispersion by the first grating. The chirped signal beam and pump laser beam are intersected with a noncollinear angle of >5° in the crystal amplifier for temperature-insensitive phase-matching (PM). By optimizing grating constant of the first grating, the chirped signal is imposed with appropriate amount of angular dispersion for wavelength-insensitive PM.
Optical amplifier and method of manufacturing optical amplifier
An apparatus comprising a case, an optical amplifier, and an optical transceiver is provided. The optical amplifier and the optical transceiver are included in the case. The case includes a top portion and a bottom portion. The top portion includes first to third sections arranged in a direction perpendicular to a direction extending from the top portion to the bottom portion. The first section has a larger area than the third section and the second section divides the first and third sections. The third section includes a first cavity including at least one portion of the optical amplifier. The optical amplifier is provided using at least one of an amplifying fiber, a pumping light source, an isolator, a wavelength-division multiplexer (WDM) coupler, a wavelength-variable optical filter, a monitoring-tap photo diode, and a driving control unit.
Method of forming an interface for an electrical terminal
A method of forming an electrical terminal includes the steps of: transferring a portion of electrically conductive material to a selected location on a surface of electrically conductive material stock; bonding the portion of electrically conductive material to the surface of the electrically conductive material stock; forming the portion of electrically conductive material to the surface of the electrically conductive material stock to define a conductive interface; and forming the electrical terminal from the electrically conductive material stock.
Method for connecting the conductors of a flexible bonded (equipotential) connection layer
A method electrically connects by crimping electrical conductors in a connector for equipotential connection of a planar and flexible layer formed by the conductors, to metal components. The method includes positioning the electrical conductors in individual longitudinal and parallel cells which are formed between two planar walls of the connector, crimping the conductors crimped in a crimping zone by simultaneous transverse punching of at least one wall of the connector, and forming by the transverse punching at least one corresponding transverse groove line on the at least one connector wall and, by load transfer, on each of the conductors to electrically connect the conductors.
Brush assembly for an electric motor
A brush assembly has a brush, a brush cage, and a spring. The spring is a constant force spring having two coil portions and a connecting portion. The connecting portion the brush are together received in the brush cage. The brush has a contact end arranged to make sliding contact with a commutator and a second end remote from the contact end against which the spring applies its force, to urge the brush out of the brush cage. A hook is formed at each of two opposite sides of the brush cage, at a first end portion of the brush cage adjacent the contact end of the brush. The coil portions respectively engage the hooks. The hooks extend at different angles to a corresponding outer surface of the brush cage.
Electrical contact receptacle for bus bars and blade terminals
An electrical contact receptacle includes a base with opposed contact portions extending from one surface thereof. Each contact portion has three arms in spaced arrangement, and optionally a bridge portion extending across outboard arms. Each of arms has an inner contact surface for conductively engaging a blade terminal or a bus bar. Optionally, the base defines an opening through which a tip portion of a blade terminal can be received, thereby permitting insertion of the blade terminal from above or below the contact receptacle, and allowing for additional contact surfaces with the blade terminal.
Coaxial cable connector having an outer conductor engager
A connector for a coaxial cable includes a coupler configured to engage another coaxial cable connector. The connector further includes a body disposed at least partially within the coupler. The connector further includes an outer conductor engager made of a conductive material disposed within the body and the coupler. The connector further includes a biasing element on an interior of the body. During a coupling of the connector to the coaxial cable: a connector end of the outer conductor engager moves axially relative to the body, the outer conductor engager is compressed by the biasing element, and an interior of the outer conductor engager is inwardly compressed against an outer conductor of the coaxial cable.
Band spring continuity member for coaxial cable connector
A connector including coupling and sleeve flanges defining opposing recesses separated by an axial gap along an elongate axis. The connector also includes a conductive band radially biased outwardly against at least one of the internal contact surfaces of the opposing recesses and spanning the axial gap. The conductive band maintains electrical conductivity across the axial gap even when the sleeve does not electrically contact the coupling member. At least one of the contact surfaces defines a conical surface which is responsive to the radially biased conductive member to produce a radial force against the internal contact surfaces. The radial force produces an axial force component along the elongate axis.
Cable connector assembly with improved insulative member
A cable connector assembly includes an insulative housing, a number of contacts retained in the insulative housing, a printed circuit board electrically connected with at least some of the contacts, a cable electrically connected with the contacts and the printed circuit board, an insulative member enclosing the printed circuit board, and a shielding case enclosing the insulative housing and the insulative member, wherein the insulative member includes a recess portion spaced from the shielding case.
An electrical connector (100) is disclosed. In a described embodiment, the electrical connector (100) comprises first and second terminal pairs (102, 104) configured to electrically couple to a same device, each terminal pair (102, 104) comprising terminals (102a, 102b, 104a, 104b), with the terminals (102a, 102b) in the first terminal pair (102) having different first and second electrical lengths and the terminals (104a, 104b) in the second terminal pair (104) having different third and fourth electrical lengths, wherein a sum of the first and third electrical lengths is substantially the same as a sum of the second and fourth electrical lengths.
Connector and connector assembly
A connector is mateable with a mating connector along a predetermined direction. The connector comprises a mated-state detection member and a holding mechanism which includes a reference surface, insulating portions and an insulating external wall. Each of the insulating portions projects from the reference surface by a first predetermined length in the predetermined direction. The insulating external wall projects beyond the reference surface in the predetermined direction and surrounds the insulating portions in a plane perpendicular to the predetermined direction. The mated-state detection member is held by the holding mechanism and is movable between a projecting position and a receding position in the predetermined direction. The mated-state detection member at the projecting position projects from the reference surface by a second predetermined length which is shorter than the first predetermined length. The mated-state detection member is moved to the receding position by the mating connector mated with the connector.
Latch mechanism having latch locking parts to prevent rotation of latch parts
A latch mechanism for securely locking a latch and a socket for electrical component.A cover member includes a cover body covering an upper side opening surface of a housing body, an elevating part supported by the cover body such that the elevating part can be moved up and down, and a pressing part supported by the cover body and moving down the elevating member. Top end portions of latch parts are rotatably supported on outside surfaces of the cover body. Bottom end portions of the latch parts are engaged with the housing body, so as to fix the cover body to the housing body. The elevating part is provided with latch locking parts that are engaged with the latch parts when moved down, so as to prevent the latch parts from rotating in a direction in which engagement between the latch parts and the housing body is released.
Electrical connector system with laterally protruding releasing arm
The invention relates to an electrical connector system including a terminal, configured to be conductively connected to a printed circuit board and a cavity body element. The cavity body element has a cavity and a primary locking member. The cavity is configured to receive the terminal. The cavity extends from a front end to a rear end of the cavity body element. The front end is arranged opposite of the rear end. The primary locking member is configured to lock the terminal. The primary locking member includes a releasing arm protruding through a lateral surface of the cavity body element.
UVA battery connector
An electrical connection device and a terminal are provided. The electrical connection device includes first and second connectors. The first connector includes an insulating body and a plurality of blade-type terminals. The insulating body has a base portion and two ear portions, an inner wall surface of the ear portion has a first guide groove which is perpendicular to the base portion and a second guide groove which is parallel to the base portion. The second connector includes an insulating housing and a plurality of elastic terminals. The insulating housing has a mating portion and a protruding rail, the mating portion has a plurality of terminal grooves respectively provided with the elastic terminals. When the connectors are mated, each contact portion can contact the guide portion of the corresponding elastic terminal and then contact the contact portion of the corresponding elastic terminal to prevent the elastic terminal from being damaged.
Magnetic connector for electronic device
An electrical plug and receptacle relying on magnetic force from an electromagnet to maintain contact are disclosed. The plug and receptacle can be used as part of a power adapter for connecting an electronic device, such as a laptop computer, to a power supply. The plug includes electrical contacts, which are preferably biased toward corresponding contacts on the receptacle. The plug and receptacle each have a magnetic element. The magnetic element on one of the plug or receptacle can be a magnet or ferromagnetic material. The magnetic element on the other of the plug or receptacle is an electromagnet. When the plug and receptacle are brought into proximity, the magnetic attraction between the electromagnet magnet and its complement, whether another magnet or a ferromagnetic material, maintains the contacts in an electrically conductive relationship.
Method for producing structure for end of MI cable
The present invention provides a structure for an end of an MI cable, capable of being produced in a short time with a small number of processing steps. In the structure for the end of the MI cable, a connector including metal pins is attached to the end of the MI cable, and the metal pins respectively have sharp-pointed front ends stuck into the end faces of the wires of the MI cable, and rear ends functioning as electrodes for connection with a soft cable.
Connector cover, connector and connector module
A connector cover is adapted to cover a connector. A fixing member of the connector protrudes from a connector lateral and includes a base portion and a top board located on the base portion. The top board and the base portion form a T shape pillar. The connector cover includes four cover laterals, and one of the cover laterals includes a concave. A position of the concave located on the cover lateral corresponds to a position of the fixing member located on the connector lateral, and a width of the concave is close to a width of base portion. When the connector cover is assembled to the connector, the cover laterals lean against the connector laterals. The base portion is located in the concave and walls of the cover lateral besides the concave is near or lean against the base portion. A connector and a connector module are further provided.
Cable connector grid frame for a cable backplane system
A cable backplane system includes a backplane having connector openings receiving corresponding cable connectors therein and a cable tray coupled to the backplane. The cable tray has side walls surrounding a cavity defining a raceway for cables interconnecting corresponding cable connectors. A cable connector grid frame supports the cable connectors and the cable connector grid frame is loaded into the cable tray to position the cable connectors and corresponding cables in the cable tray as a unit. The cable connector grid frame includes side rails and center rails held between the side rails and forming a grid of cable connector openings between the side rails and center rails. The cable connector openings receive corresponding headers of the cable connectors and hold the positions of the headers relative to one another.
Cable assembly with connector and connector assembly
A cable assembly with connector includes: a housing provided with a mate connector opposing part provided on a front side and a cable part provided on a rear side having a cable opening formed; a conductive contactor provided on the mate connector opposing part side of the housing; a cable disposed in the housing via the cable opening and electrically connected to the contactor; a rear faceplate disposed on the cable part on the rear side of the housing and aligned with the cable opening; and a front faceplate disposed on the mate connector opposing part on the front side of the housing and enclosing a housing front face portion; wherein the housing is interposed between the rear faceplate and the front faceplate, and the front faceplate is fixed to the rear faceplate by at least one fixing member extending in the front and rear direction in the housing.
Tray with low cost used in a tray-type card connector
A tray used in a card connector for receiving a card therein includes a base having opposite top and bottom surfaces, a receiving room for receiving the card therein, and an inner surface surrounding the receiving room and connecting the top surface with the bottom surface. The base defines a plurality of thin portions projecting into the receiving room from the inner surface and a shallow notch recessed in the inner surface to adjacent to one of the plurality of thin portions, the shallow notch runs through both the top surface and the bottom surface. The present invention provides a low cost tray.
Power connector having a strong contact
A power connector includes: an insulative housing having an upper surface, a lower surface, and a receiving space; a number of contacts accommodated in the insulative housing, the contact having a contacting portion, a rear portion accommodated in a rear end of the insulative housing, and a snakelike elastic portion connecting the contacting portion and the rear portion, the snakelike elastic portion having a number of vertical bending sections and a number of connecting sections each connecting every two adjacent bending sections, wherein the vertical dimension of the intersecting surface of the bending section is greater than the vertical dimension of the intersecting surface of the connecting section.
Plug and connector module
A plug is disposed on a circuit board to be plug-connected to a socket, where the plug includes a metal housing and a spring pin, where the metal housing includes a first side plate and a second side plate that are oppositely disposed, and a first mating hole is formed on the second side plate; the spring pin is disposed on the second side plate along an insertion/removing direction of the plug, the spring pin includes a first connecting part and a bending part that is formed by bending and extending a first end of the first connecting part, a second end of the first connecting part is fastened inside the first mating hole, and the bending part is corresponding to the first mating hole and is separated from the second side plate.
Terminal and aluminum wire connection structure of terminal
A bolt-fastened terminal connects to a wire that includes an aluminum core wire of an aluminum-based metal. The terminal includes a wire connection configured by a copper-based metal material and continuous with an electric contact that includes a bolt hole, the wire connection being welded and electrically connected to the aluminum core wire. A surface of the wire connection is coated with a first metal such as nickel and a surface of the electric contact is coated with a second metal such as tin. The first metal and the second metal, which are configured by different metals, are selected from metals between hydrogen and aluminum, aluminum having a negative electric potential with reference to the electric potential of hydrogen and a high ionization tendency, and the second metal is a metal having a smaller negative electric potential and lower ionization tendency than the first metal.
Crimp terminal and connector
A crimp terminal has a crimp barrel which is crimped onto a core wire of a cable. The crimp barrel has an inner surface in which a plurality of cavities which are independent from one another is formed. Each of the cavities has a predetermined shape in a plane orthogonal to a depth direction thereof before the crimp barrel is crimped onto a core wire. The predetermined shape has at least two straight portions and a concave curved portion connecting the straight portions. The concave curved portion is indented inward of the predetermined shape. A plurality of the concave curved portions which are close to each other and included respectively in the predetermined shapes distinct from each other is arranged on an identical imaginary circle or rounded rectangular.
Crimp terminal and structure for connecting crimp terminal and wire
A crimp terminal includes a wire connector that crimps a conductor crimping portion and a coating crimping portion in such a manner as to enclose a range continuous from the front end of the conductor crimping portion to the rear end of the coating crimping portion; and a wire holding portion that is formed integrally with the coating crimping portion on the side opposite to the conductor crimping portion via a junction portion and holds the electric wire from the outer circumference of the coating. The junction portion is integrally formed in a manner continuous with a bottom plate of the coating crimping portion. On the inner surface of the junction portion, a convex portion is provided in a protruding manner for crimping the wire connector to the electric wire and bending the electric wire.
High-band radiators with extended-length feed stalks suitable for basestation antennas
A high-band radiator of an ultra-wideband dual-band basestation antenna is disclosed. The high-band radiator comprises at least one dipole, a feed stalk, and a tubular body made of conductive material and having an annular flange. Each dipole comprises two dipole arms made of conductive material. The feed stalk feeds the dipole and comprises a non-conductive dielectric substrate body and conductors formed on the substrate body to function as a balun transformer. The feed stalk is connected with the dipole at one end and has at least one feed connector at the other, with the conductors coupled there-between. The tubular body is adapted for electrical connection through the annular flange to the ground plane at the open end; the body is short-circuited at the other end to define an internal cavity of the tubular body. At least a portion of the feed stalk is disposed within the tubular body.
Folded radiation slots for short wall waveguide radiation
An example folded radiation slot for short wall waveguide radiation is disclosed. In one aspect, the radiating structure includes a waveguide layer configured to propagate electromagnetic energy via a waveguide. The waveguide may have a height dimension and a width dimension. The radiating structure also includes a radiating layer coupled to the waveguide layer, such that the radiating layer is parallel to the height dimension of the waveguide. The radiating layer may include a radiating element. The radiating element may be a slot defined by an angular or curved path, and the radiating element may be coupled to the waveguide layer. The radiating element may have an effective length greater than the height dimension of waveguide, wherein the effective length is measured along the angular or curved path of the slot.
Basic antenna, and corresponding one- or two-dimensional array antenna
A basic antenna (2), designed to form a radiating element of an array antenna, includes, superimposed, a planar reflector (4), a probe (6), and an assembly (8) of the EBG type by default in the form of a cavity (16). The basic antenna (2) includes a wall enclosure (10) capable of reflecting the electromagnetic waves at the operating frequency or frequencies of the basic antenna (2), the wall enclosure (10) being an extension in a direction orthogonal to the planar reflector (4) and simultaneously surrounding only the probe (6), the cavity (16) and the structure (14).The one- or two-dimensional array antenna includes a plurality of joined basic antennas (2) arranged compactly.
Dual polarization array antenna and radiation units thereof
A dual polarization array antenna having a plurality of radiation units disposed in an array on a reflecting board of the dual polarization array antenna. Each radiation unit is provided with two pairs of radiation oscillators mounted in an orthogonal polarization position. This greatly improves the consistency of radiation performance between two polarizations of the array antenna, and improves the polarization isolation degree of the array antenna.
Wireless device and wireless system
A wireless device includes an antenna that has a planar shape and radiates a radio signal toward another wireless device, and a chassis housing the antenna and having an outer peripheral portion placed to face the antenna. Multiple distances between a surface of the outer peripheral portion and the antenna are non-uniform.
Embodiments of a wide band multi-polarization antenna system are described, which can be attached to the back or front of a soldier's vest or backpack. The antenna system can allow for release of pre-shaped integral radiating elements that spring into a geometric configuration suitable for circular polarization radiation or linear polarization over a desired band of frequencies. The antenna system can provide, when collapsed, linear polarized line-of sight capability over a wide band of frequencies. In a collapsed low-profile state, the antenna system can remain on the soldier, but out of the way for maneuvering.
Multiband antenna and wireless device
A multiband antenna includes a feeding element connected to a feeding point, a radiating element functioning as a radiating conductor, the radiating element being positioned apart from the feeding element and fed with electric power by electromagnetically coupling to the feeding element, a ground plane, and a non-feeding element being positioned close to the radiating element and connected to the ground plane via a reactance element. The reactance element has a reactance that causes the multiband antenna to match with a frequency other than a resonance frequency of a resonance mode of the radiating element.
Broadband low-beam-coupling dual-beam phased array
Broadband slot-coupled stacked patch antenna elements are capable of continuous broadband operation between 1.71 GHz and 2.69 GHz. The broadband slot-coupled stacked patch antenna element includes a mid-band radiating patch, a high-band radiating patch, and a low-band resonator with coupling slots capable of resonating at low, mid, and high band frequencies. Additionally, a low-profile probe-fed patch element is provided for pattern enhancement of antenna arrays at high-band frequencies. This low-profile patch element features fan-shaped probes that have three degrees of tune-ability, namely a length, a width, and a spreading angle. Further aspects include 3-column and 4-column offset arrays of the broadband patch radiators and an interleaved array of the low-profile high-band patch radiators and the broadband radiating elements. A new type of azimuth beam forming network (ABFN) is also introduced for the beam forming of the 3-column and 4-column dual-beam arrays.
Modulation patterns for surface scattering antennas
Modulation patterns for surface scattering antennas provide desired antenna pattern attributes such as reduced side lobes and reduced grating lobes.
Dual antenna tracking in LEO and MEO satcom
Control of dual (two) antennas, for satellite communications (satcom) with satellites in one or more constellations in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) and Medium Earth Orbit (MEO). The dual antennas are typically part of a ground-based antenna system, in particular using the Satrack single pedestal with split antenna design, housed efficiently under a compact radome. Features simultaneous pointing toward two separate satellites during the satellites' handover/switching periods with instantaneous transition between the satcom modems for assuring real-time, continuous data communication over a LEO/MEO satellite link. The dual (two) antennas system can also be used in a “monopulse/electronic scan” mode where a first antenna is used for tracking according to ephemeris data, while a second antenna on the same pedestal will scan for offset/compensation to the first antenna path.
Antenna reconfigurable circuit
An antenna reconfigurable circuit changes patterns of a multiple-antenna system and includes a feed portion which an electrical signal is fed to; a plurality of power distribution links coupled between the feed portion and the antennas to form therebetween paths of transmission of the electrical signal; and switching units disposed at the power distribution links, respectively, to selectively disable or enable the paths. The switching units enable the antennas to change patterns and enhance signal reception quality. Furthermore, the antenna reconfigurable circuits are printed circuits instead of lumped elements and thereby maintain response characteristics, response stability and production yield of the antenna reconfigurable circuits.
Aerial vehicle radome assembly and methods for assembling the same
An aerial vehicle includes at least one antenna configured to at least one of transmit and receive a signal and a radome assembly at least partially covering the antenna. The radome assembly includes a shell having an inner surface that defines an opening therein and a tip comprising an extension portion coupled to the shell. The radome assembly also includes a component that engages a portion of the extension portion such that the extension portion is impeded from exiting the opening.
A portable antenna with a housing in which the antenna is held when not in use, and a mechanism to cause the antenna to pop-up from, and sit on top of, the housing when it is to be used. The mechanism can function to collapse the antenna into the housing when not in use.
Apparatus for tuning multi-band frame antenna
A multi-band frame antenna is used for LTE, MIMO, and other frequency bands. The frame antenna includes a conductive block and a metallic frame with no gaps or discontinuities. The conductive block functions as a system ground and has at least one electronic component mounted on the surface. The outer perimeter of the metallic frame surrounds the conductive block, and there is a gap between the metallic frame and the conductive block. One or more antenna feeds are routed across the gap, between the metallic frame and the conductive block. One or more connections can be made across the gap, and at least one electronic element connects the conductive block to the metallic frame.
Antenna structure and electronic device using the same
An antenna structure and an electronic device using the same are provided. The antenna structure includes an antenna body and a washer body. The antenna body includes an annular metal sheet. The washer body is connected to one side of the annular metal sheet. The washer body has a screw hole. The annular metal sheet surrounds the washer body, and the annular metal sheet extends upward from the washer body.
Indexed centering spacer for coaxial probes in guided wave radar level transmitters
Coaxial probes for guided wave radar level transmitters have an inner rod within an outer tube. Transmission line impedance changes where the space between the two fills with process fluid, causing a reflection of radar energy. Time of flight calculations yield the distance to the product and thus the level of the fluid in a tank. The inner rod and outer rod should maintain their spacing because a reflection can occur if the inner rod moves too close to the outer tube wall. Spacers can maintain the spacing. The spacers should be retained so that their location over time doesn't change. Retention strategies involving shoulders or discontinuities in the inner rod or outer tube can cause measurement errors. Applications requiring high temperature resistance and high chemical compatibility lead to ceramic spacers instead of plastic spacers. Slip fits are needed when ceramics are too stiff for snap-in functionality.
Tunable RF anti-jamming system (TRAJS)
Systems and methods are provided for tunable band pass filtering for Tunable RF Anti-Jamming Systems. A tunable notch filter includes a transmission line coupled to an antenna, a splitter, a band-stop filter, a polarity inverter, and a combiner. In operation, the band-stop filter suppresses predetermined frequency bands of a received signal creating a filtered signal, the polarity inverter creates an inverted signal, and the combiner combines the filtered and inverted signals to create a pass band including the predetermined frequency bands and suppressing frequency bands adjacent the predetermined frequency bands. Alternatively, a tunable multiband bandpass filter includes first and second bandpass filters and a plurality of tunable passive components adapted to tune the first and second bandpass filters to first and second frequency bands, thereby creating a multiband pass band signal including the first and second frequency bands and attenuating frequency bands adjacent to the first and second frequency bands.
Harmonic oscillator and cavity filter and electromagnetic wave device thereof
The present application relates to a harmonic oscillator. The harmonic oscillator includes a dielectric body and at least one responding unit attached onto a surface of the dielectric body, where the responding unit is a conductive structure having a geometrical pattern. The application further relates to a cavity filter having the harmonic oscillator and an electromagnetic wave device. By using the harmonic oscillator in the application, a permittivity can be effectively increased and a resonance frequency of a cavity filter can be decreased, thereby implementing miniaturization. Moreover, for an electromagnetic wave in a TM mode, a frequency can be decreased and an electromagnetic loss is not affected.
Charge transfer mediator based systems for electrocatalytic oxygen reduction
Disclosed are systems for the electrocatalytic reduction of oxygen, having redox mediator/redox catalyst pairs and an electrolyte solution in contact with an electrode. The redox mediator is included in the electrolyte solution, and the redox catalyst may be included in the electrolyte solution, or alternatively, may be in contact with the electrolyte solution. In one form a cobalt redox catalyst is used with a quinone redox mediator. In another form a nitrogen oxide redox catalyst is used with a nitroxyl type redox mediator. The systems can be used in electrochemical cells wherein neither the anode nor the cathode comprise an expensive metal such as platinum.
Polymer electrolyte fuel cell
An object of the invention is to provide a fuel cell having improved long-term durability.The patent provides a fuel cell comprising a peroxide decomposition catalyst immobilized on a support, wherein the fuel cell is constituted of a membrane electrode assembly comprising a polyelectrolyte membrane, electrode layers placed on both the sides of the electrolyte membrane, and gas diffusion layers placed on the side opposite to the electrolyte membrane of the electrode layers, a gas sealing material placed surrounding the membrane electrode assembly, and separators sandwiching the foregoing.
Piping unit for fuel cell, fuel cell unit equipped with piping unit and fuel cell system
A piping unit includes a cathode gas supply passage arranged to supply a cathode gas, and a cathode gas discharge passage arranged to discharge a cathode off-gas. The cathode gas supply passage includes a cathode supply valve, upstream cathode gas piping and downstream cathode gas piping. The cathode gas discharge passage includes a cathode exhaust valve, upstream cathode off-gas piping and downstream cathode off-gas piping. The cathode gas supply passage and the cathode gas discharge passage are connected with each other by cathode bypass piping and are integrated with each other by joining the cathode supply valve with the upstream cathode off-gas piping.
Exhaust drain valve for fuel cell
An exhaust drain valve includes a valve casing, a primary flow passage introducing an anode-off gas and a produced water from an inlet of the primary flow passage to an inside, a secondary flow passage discharging the anode-off gas and the produced water from an outlet of the secondary flow passage to an outside, a valve seat being formed at a primary flow passage outlet, and a valve body moving forward and backward. The primary flow passage includes an orifice being communicated with the primary flow passage outlet, an introduction flow passage having a diameter larger than a diameter of the orifice, the introduction flow passage being communicable with the inlet, and a step portion being formed orthogonal to an axial direction of the introduction flow passage, the step portion connecting the orifice and the introduction flow passage by having a step between the orifice and the introduction flow passage.
Fluidic components suitable for fuel cell systems including pressure regulators and valves
The disclosure teaches controlling the fluid flow and pressure, including adjustable pressure regulators, pressure regulators with an inlet restrictor, semi-automatic valve and pressure regulator with a by-pass valve which use one or more of movable shuttle, shuttle housing, a high pressure diaphragm, a low pressure diaphragm and a fluidic conduit connecting the inlet to the outlet. One or more of these implementations adjust to modify the outlet pressure of the regulator. The inlet restrictor allows incoming fluid to enter the pressure regulators when the pressure of the incoming fluid is higher than a threshold level. The semi-automatic valve is opened manually but closes automatically when fluid flowing through the valve is insufficient to keep the valve open. The semi-automatic valve can also be a semi-automatic electrical switch. The by-pass valve directs the flow to bypass the pressure regulator, when the flow is slow or has low pressure.