Combined electromagnetic shield and thermal management device
Various EMI shields with thermal management capabilities are disclosed. In one aspect, an EMI shield is provided that includes a thermal spreader plate adapted to be seated on and convey heat from an electromagnetic emissions generating component. The thermal spreader plate has a first material composition and a shield effectiveness that is absorption dominant to electromagnetic waves at a given electromagnetic emissions frequency. The EMI shield also includes a shell to cover and reflect electromagnetic emissions from the electromagnetic emissions generating component. The shell has a second material composition different than the first material composition and a shield effectiveness that is reflection dominant to electromagnetic waves at the given electromagnetic emissions frequency.
A solar inverter is provided having a cooling module, a DC module, an inverter module and an AC module provided side-by-side within a chassis. The DC module includes an input accessible from a first side of the chassis and a disconnection switch on a second side of the chassis, with the input being configured to be connected to a DC solar power source. The AC module includes an output accessible from the first side of the chassis and a disconnection switch provided on the second side of the chassis. The cooling module is configured to pump a liquid coolant around the solar inverter in order to cool elements of the DC module, the inverter module and/or the AC module.
Air conditioning apparatus and air conditioning control method
A controller and indoor unit introducing outdoor air and/or return air from an air conditioning control target, and discharging introduced air to the air conditioning control target as supply air. The indoor unit includes a first space including an outdoor air introducing unit introducing outdoor air, a cooler, and a second space including a return air introducing unit introducing return air from the air conditioning control target. The controller, after determining air conditioning control on the air conditioning control target is necessary, introduces the outdoor air to the first space through the outdoor air introducing unit, subjecting such to cooling by the cooler and/or dehumidification to result in processed outdoor air, and introduces the return air to the second space through the return air introducing unit, where the processed outdoor air is mixed with the return air and supplied to the air conditioning control target as the supply air.
Power converter assembly
A power converter assembly includes a housing, a cold plate located within the housing, a power converter module coupled with the cold plate, receiving a power input and providing a power output, and a thermal composite overlying the power converter module and at least partially thermally insulating the power converter module.
Composite heat sink device for cooling of multiple heat sources in close proximity
In one aspect, an apparatus comprises a substrate, a first electrically-driven device disposed on the substrate, a second electrically-driven device disposed on the substrate, and a composite heat sink device. The composite heat sink device comprises a first thermal conduction member, a second thermal conduction member, and a thermal insulation member. The first thermal conduction member is disposed on the first electrically-driven device such that at least a portion of the heat generated by the first electrically-driven device is transferred to the first thermal conduction member by conduction. The second thermal conduction member is disposed on the second electrically-driven device such that at least a portion of the heat generated by the second electrically-driven device is transferred to the second thermal conduction member by conduction. The thermal insulation member is disposed between and thermally decouples the first thermal conduction member and the second thermal conduction member from one another.
Liquid cooling apparatus
A liquid cooling apparatus includes a plurality of system boards each having a first surface and a second surface opposite the first surface, each of the system boards having at least one electronic component mounted on the first surface, a cooling plate attached to the electronic component and having a pathway formed therein through which coolant flows, one or more heat conductive members penetrating through any given one of the system boards, and a heat dissipating member disposed on the second surface of any given one of the system boards and connected to the one or more heat conductive members, wherein an emissivity of the heat dissipating member is higher than an emissivity of the one or more heat conductive members.
Adjustable device carrier for modular chassis
Adjustable device carriers for modular chassis. In some embodiments, a carrier configured to receive an electronic device may include a front panel and lateral rails coupled to the front panel, where the lateral rails are configured to be inserted into a slot of a modular chassis, where the modular chassis is configured to receive an Information Handling System (IHS), where the IHS is configured to communicate with the electronic device via a backplane, and where the lateral rails have an adjustable length configured to accommodate electronic devices of different sizes.
Electrononic equipment building blocks for rack mounting
A rack-mountable module assembly, comprising: a plurality of electronic equipment modules, each having a height in multiples of approximately 1.75 inches and a width in multiples of approximately 1.75 inches; a plurality of connectors configured to form a horizontal row of said plurality of electronic equipment modules, by connecting every two adjacent modules of said plurality of electronic equipment modules to each other; and a pair of side mounts configured to connect the horizontal row to a frame of the rack.
Connection using conductive vias
In one embodiment, a meta-module having circuitry for two or more modules is formed on a substrate, which is preferably a laminated substrate. The circuitry for the different modules is initially formed on the single meta-module. Each module will have one or more component areas in which the circuitry is formed. A metallic structure is formed on or in the substrate for each component area to be shielded. A single body, such as an overmold body, is then formed over all of the modules on the meta-module. At least a conductive vertical interconnect access structure (vias) associated with each component area to be shielded is then exposed through the body by a cutting, drilling, or similar operation. Next, an electromagnetic shield material is applied to the exterior surface of the body of each of the component areas to be shielded and in contact with the exposed conductive vias.
Wiring board and manufacturing method of the same
To provide a wiring board in which wiring conductors are securely protected by a precise and rigid dam portion formed on an outermost layer of a laminate and that is excellent in connection reliability with a semiconductor chip. A laminate that configures this wiring board includes multiple connection terminal portions and wiring conductors as a conductor layer of the outermost layer. The wiring conductors are arranged at predetermined positions, passing through between multiple connection terminal portions for flip-chip mounting a semiconductor chip. A resin insulating layer of the outermost layer of the laminate has a dam portion and a reinforcement portion. The dam portion covers the wiring conductors. The reinforcement portion is formed, between the wiring conductor and the connection terminal portion that is adjacent to the wiring conductor, lower than a height of the dam portion. The reinforcement portion is concatenated with a side surface of the dam portion.
Flexible direct or USB plug-in platform for foldable or flexible electronics
An apparatus comprises a flexible circuit substrate that includes a body portion and at least one connector portion formed monolithically with the body portion. The connector portion is shaped by at least one of one or more bends of the flexible circuit substrate or one or more folds of the flexible circuit substrate, and the connector portion is configured to be received in a receptacle of a connector device. The apparatus also includes at least one electrode formed on the connector portion and configured to make electrical contact with an electrical conductor of the receptacle of the connector device, at least one electronic component on the flexible circuit substrate, and interconnect to provide electrical continuity from the electrode to the electronic component.
Inclined photonic chip package for integrated optical transceivers and optical touchscreen assemblies
An optical touchscreen assembly may employ a photonic chip packaged with a chip surface at an angle inclined between horizontal and vertical orientations. An inclined paddle sawn flat no-leads (IPSFN) package may be affixed to a cover glass surface along a perimeter of a display. IPSFN packages may incorporate a photo-emitter chip and a photo-detector chip that may be inclined for a desired angle of incidence relative to the cover glass. A CMOS integrated optical transceiver package may include inclined photonic chips and a non-inclined CMOS chip having at least one of a photo-emitter driver, or a photo-detector TIA and/or ADC. A chip package lead frame may include cantilevered paddle tabs amenable to controlled deflection during package assembly. An inclined packaging assembly method may include attaching a chip to a lead frame paddle and form pressing the lead frame to incline the chip to a desired angle before encapsulation.
Method for manufacturing printed wiring board
A method for manufacturing a printed wiring board includes forming an interlayer insulation layer on a conductive circuit, applying laser to a portion of the interlayer insulation layer such that an opening reaching to the conductive circuit is formed for a via conductor, subjecting the opening to a plasma treatment using a processing gas which includes a reactive gas including a fluorovinyl ether gas having a double bond of two carbon atoms and a fluoroalkyl ether group, forming an upper conductive circuit on the interlayer insulation layer, and forming a via conductor in the opening such that the via conductor connects the conductive circuit and the upper conductive circuit.
Method of making a circuitized substrate
A circuitized substrate which utilizes at least one internal (embedded) resistor as part thereof, the resistor comprised of a material including resin and a quantity of powders of nano-particle and/or micro-particle sizes. The resistor serves to decrease the capacitance in the formed circuit while only slightly increasing the high frequency resistance, thereby improving circuit performance through the substantial elimination of some discontinuities known to exist in structures like these. An electrical assembly (substrate and at least one electrical component) is also provided.
Method of transferring and electrically joining a high density multilevel thin film to a circuitized and flexible organic substrate and associated devices
A method is for making an electronic device and includes forming an interconnect layer stack on a sacrificial substrate and having a plurality of patterned electrical conductor layers, and a dielectric layer between adjacent patterned electrical conductor layers. The method also includes laminating and electrically joining through an intermetallic bond a liquid crystal polymer (LCP) substrate to the interconnect layer stack on a side thereof opposite the sacrificial substrate. The method further includes removing the sacrificial substrate to expose a lowermost patterned electrical conductor layer, and electrically coupling at least one first device to the lowermost patterned electrical conductor layer.
Apparatus for blanking a printed circuit film
An apparatus for blanking a printed circuit film from a base film, including: an insert member on a lower plate, overlapping a hit region of the base film and including a first pin hole aligned with an auxiliary fixing-hole of the base film an upper plate overlapping the lower plate and movable relative to the lower plate; a puncher protruding from the upper plate and contacting the hit region of the base film; and a fixing-pin protruding from the upper plate and inserted in the auxiliary fixing-hole of the base film and into the first pin hole of the insert member. The base film includes a reference fixing-hole being collinear with a center line of the printed circuit film, and a a plurality of auxiliary fixing-holes separated from the reference fixing-holes at equal intervals along a longitudinal direction of the base film.
Hybrid generators and methods of using them
Certain embodiments described herein are directed to generators that can be used to sustain a plasma in a driven mode and in an oscillation mode and optionally in a hybrid mode. In some embodiments, the generator is configured to switch between the two modes during operation. In certain instances, the plasma may be ignited when the generator is in a driven mode and may be used to analyze samples when the generator is in an oscillation mode or driven mode or hybrid mode.
System and method for monitoring street lighting luminaires
A system for identifying a fault in a light source is presented. The system includes at least one luminaire that includes the light source configured to emit light. Also, the at least one luminaire includes a monitoring device disposed proximate to the light source. The monitoring device includes a sensing unit configured to measure an amount of light emitted by the light source, and a squawk unit configured to generate a squawk signal based on the amount of light emitted from the light source, where the squawk signal is indicative of the fault in the light source. Further, the system includes a diagnostic unit communicatively coupled to the at least one luminaire and configured to determine the fault in the light source based on the squawk signal, and transmit a termination signal to the squawk unit to decouple an electrical power supply from the light source.
Lighting control system
A lighting control system includes a plurality of light sources, a plurality of light source drivers, each of the light source drivers being configured to adjust a light emission intensity of an associated one of the light sources in at least two levels, and an integrated controller configured to control the light source drivers to control conditions of the light sources in an integrated manner. The integrated controller is configured to control the light source drivers to execute a light intensity transition of reducing the light emission intensity from a first light intensity level to a second light intensity level that is lower than the first light intensity level with respect to each of the light sources such that a timing at which the light intensity transition ends is substantially the same for each of the light sources.
Linear solid-state lighting with an arc prevention switch mechanism free of fire and shock hazards
A linear light-emitting diode (LED)-based solid-state universal lamp comprising integrated arc and shock prevention switches normally operates with either an electronic ballast or AC mains. When such a universal lamp is installed in or uninstalled from a linear tube lamp fixture, the integrated arc and shock prevention switches can work with an electronic ballast to prevent electric arc from occurring inside the lamp, thus eliminating any possible internal fire hazard while maintaining electric shock free for installers.
LED power supply device
An LED power supply device disclosed in the present specification includes a DC dimmer circuit that performs dimming control of an LED such that the higher a reference voltage variably controlled according to a dimmer signal is, the smaller a current flowing in the LED is. This configuration makes it possible to achieve fine dimming control.
Light emitting diode dimmer circuit
A light emitting diode dimmer circuit uses a typically commercially available TRIAC dimmer to modulate an illumination-purpose light emitting diode circuit, and to make up the shortfall of the AC voltage phase, caused by the conductivity phase angle of the TRIAC dimmer, for the energy storage applying the energy storage and rectifier circuit, so that the light output of the light emitting diode can achieve the stable and flicker-free effect in the dimming requirement of the light emitting diode either the micro bright or full bright requirement.
Method of driving LED chips of same power but different rated voltages and currents
A method of driving LED chips of same power but different rated voltages and currents includes the following steps: set a predetermined power; provide a LED chip which has a rated power accordant to the predetermined power; measure the LED chip to obtain a working current thereof while the LED chip is operated; provides a driving current to the LED chip, and maintain the driving current the same as the working current.
Feedback control circuit and LED driving circuit
A feedback control circuit, adapted to control a converting circuit to transform an input power into an output voltage for driving an LED module. The feedback control circuit comprises a detection circuit, a PWM circuit, a PWM logic control circuit and a PWM control circuit. The detection circuit is coupled to at least one LED string of the LED module and generates at least one detection signal. The PWM circuit comprises a capacitance, a charging circuit and a discharging circuit, and determines a capacitance voltage of the capacitance to increase, decrease, or maintain. The PWM logic control circuit compares a level of the least one detection signal with a high reference level and a low reference level to control the PWM circuit to adjust the capacitance voltage. The PWM control circuit controls the converting circuit to execute the power transformation in response to the capacitance voltage of the capacitance.
A LED driver is disclosed herein. In one embodiment, the LED driver comprises a rectifier circuit, a driving current generating circuit, a bus voltage detection circuit, a LED configuration control circuit, and a LED array. The LED driver according to the present disclosure reconfigures the prior LED array, balances usage of each LED by switching operation of each LED, which results in long lifetime of the LED driver while reducing power dissipation or increasing a PF value.
Circuitry for LED light dimmer
Some embodiments relate to dimmer control circuitry for LED lighting, comprising: phase control circuitry to control the supply of voltage to at least one LED load, wherein the phase control circuitry comprises an AC switch to selectively provide voltage to the LED load for a first portion of a half cycle of an AC supply voltage, and a drive component to drive the AC switch so that the AC switch remains on for the first portion of the half cycle; and load switching circuitry to couple a dissipative load to an output of the AC switch during a second portion of the half cycle, wherein the second portion overlaps with the first portion.
Driver circuit for switching switch according to capacitor voltage
A driver circuit for switching switch according to capacitor voltage is disclosed in the present invention. The driver circuit is provided to drive a load circuit which includes a load resistor under a continuous conduction mode (CCM). In the driver circuit, a first current module which electrically connected to the load resistor is provided to generate a variable current. A second current module which electrically connected to the first switch and the first current module is provided to generate a constant current. A processing module is electrically connected to the first capacitor, the second capacitor and a gate of the first and the second switch. The processing module is provided to conduct one of the first switch and the second switch according to a size of the variable current and the constant current, a voltage of the first capacitor, and a voltage of the second capacitor.
Timing circuits and driving circuits used in lighting systems
A timing circuit used in lighting systems includes a first logic circuit, a first counter, a latching circuit and a judging circuit. The first logic circuit generates a first logic signal and a second logic signal based on a falling edge of a detecting signal. The first counter generates a first counting signal and a second counting signal based on the second logic signal, wherein the counting period of the first counting signal is longer than that of the second counting signal. The latching circuit samples and holds the first counting signal based on the first logic signal and provides a third counting signal. The judging circuit detects whether the second counting signal is equal to the third counting signal and provides a timing signal.
Dimming and voltage protection method and apparatus for solid-state lighting
A solid-state lighting system includes a light-emitting device (LED) driver, an LED or plurality of LEDs, a transistor connected in series with the LED or plurality of LEDs, and a current source connected in parallel with the transistor. The LED driver generates a drive signal, which controls the transistor and current flowing through the LED or plurality of LEDs and the transistor. The drive signal is generated in response to a dim control signal, which determines the dim setting of the LED or plurality of LEDs. The current source serves to maintain at least a minimum current through the LED or plurality of LEDs at all times, even when the transistor is turned OFF or is in a high resistance state, thereby preventing large supply voltages from dropping across the transistor and protecting the transistor from undesirably breaking down or being damaged or destroyed.
LED flash module, LED module, and imaging device
The LED flash module includes: a module substrate (111); an energy device (18) arranged on the module substrate; an LED module (320) arranged on the module substrate, the LED module in which a plurality of LED block units (320a-320f) are arranged horizontally, the LED block units in which a plurality of LED elements emitting light using a power source supplied from the energy device are arranged vertically; an EDLC charger circuit (311) arranged on the module substrate, and configured to charge the energy device; and an LED driver control circuit (313) arranged on the module substrate, and configured to control light emission from the LED element, wherein a wire length from a plus terminal (321) of the power supply unit to the LED element and a wire length from the LED element to a minus terminal (322) of the power are substantially equivalent with respect to each LED element.
Multi-part electrodes for a heater layer
The present invention is directed to an electrode structure which is most applicable for plasticating barrels having wound, wire resistance heaters. Electrode structure includes at least one lower electrode plate and an upper electrode plate. A closely wound electrode band connected to the wound wire resistance heater is formed over the lower electrode plate to assure maximum electrical, and thus, thermal transfer. An upper ceramic layer is formed over the electrode band and wound wire resistance heaters. This upper ceramic layer can be ground down to accommodate the addition of an external plate on top of the upper electrode plate.
Mobile network device using a wireless SD card that uses SCSI to SD command conversion
A mobile network access device, system and method are disclosed. The method includes sending data or a command to a storing unit or a baseband processing unit according to a logical address in a Secure Digital (SD) command, where the SD command is a result of converting a Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) Command Descriptor Block (CDB) after a terminal device encapsulates the received data or command into the SCSI CDB. In the embodiments of the present invention, the wireless Internet access function is integrated into an SD card. The mobile network access device determines to send the data or command to the baseband processing unit or storing unit according to the logical address in the SD command, which reduces the size of the mobile network access device and enables developers to design smaller terminal products.
Quad SIM functionality for a dual active mobile device
Methods, systems and devices are provided for managing quad SIM functionality on a mobile device. The method includes maintaining a first subscription and a second subscription active in slotted idle states on a first RF chain on the mobile device. The first subscription being associated with a first SIM and the second subscription being associated with a second SIM. The method also includes maintaining a third subscription and a fourth subscription active in slotted idle states on a second RF chain on the mobile device. The third subscription being associated with a third SIM and the fourth subscription being associated with a fourth SIM. In the slotted idle states the first, second, third and fourth subscriptions are able to monitor pages in respective paging channel slots. Further, the method includes switching the third subscription to the first RF chain in response to the fourth subscription entering a dedicated traffic state.
WLAN peer-to-peer group owner negotiation
A method of operating a first wireless device includes sending a first message including a first intent to be a group owner and a value to a second wireless device. In addition, the method includes receiving a second message including a second intent to be the group owner from the second wireless device. Furthermore, the method includes determining which of the first wireless device or the second wireless device should be the group owner based on the first intent, the second intent, and the value.
Intelligent mesh object list buildup
An embodiment provides a method, including: establishing a connection between a first device and a second device, the first device thereby joining a mesh network to which the second device is connected; obtaining, at the first device, identifying information for a plurality of devices of the mesh network; accessing information accessible to the first device to determine a device ranking among the plurality of devices of the mesh network; after determining a ranking, obtaining information from a ranked device regarding objects available from the ranked device; and creating, using a processor, a list of available objects on the mesh network; wherein the list of available objects is ordered taking into account the objects available from the ranked devices. Other aspects are described and claimed.
Virtualized wireless network with pilot beacons
A virtualized DAS network includes one or more digital access units (DAUs) and one or more digital remote units (DRUs) coupled to the one or more DAUs. The virtualized DS network also includes a routing table associated with the one or more DAUs. A signal provided by the one or more DRUs includes one or more carriers and one or more pilot beacons.
Method for transitioning radio resource control state of user equipment to idle state, system therefor, and the same user equipment
In a WCDMA mobile communication system, when the amount of packet traffic transmitted to or received from a UE decreases during a predetermined time in a CELL_DCH state in which a WCDMA packet data connection has been established, the UE transitions to a CELL_FACH state by a radio network controller (RNC). Thereafter, it is determined if there is no transmitted or received packet traffic during a certain time in the CELL_FACH state (which is an RRC state in which an RRC connection has been connected, and the dedicated physical channel has been released). When it is determined that there is no transmitted or received packet traffic during the certain time, the UE requests a network to release the RRC connection by utilizing a Signaling Connection Release Indication (SCRI) message. The invention enables a UE to check a packet transmission or reception flow, and to directly transmit the SCRI message to the network.
Mobile communication method, radio terminal, and base station
A mobile communication method in which a radio terminal connects to a network so as to perform a communication, comprises: a step in which the radio terminal detects an occurrence of a connection failure with the network in a connected state; and a step of sending a radio link failure (RLF) report regarding the detected connection failure, from the radio terminal to the network. In the step of sending the RLF report, the radio terminal sends time information, which is contained in the RLF report, for identifying a time of occurrence of the connection failure, to the network.
Dynamic quality of service for wireless subscribers on a network
A system includes an interface operable to receive a request to initiate a first connection between a subscriber and a wireless access point using a first network protocol. The system further includes a processor operable to determine whether the subscriber has enhanced Quality of Service (QoS) privileges. In response to determining the subscriber has enhanced QoS privileges, the processor is operable to associate a first port number with traffic associated with the subscriber on a second connection using a second network protocol. In response to determining the subscriber does not have enhanced QoS privileges, the processor is operable to associate a second port number with traffic associated with the subscriber on the second connection using the second network protocol.
Management of device-to-device communication resources using macrocell communication resources
Macrocell communication resources 121 are used to exchange signals between a base station 102 and at least one wireless communication device 104, 106 to establish a device-to-device (D2D) communication link 122 between a first wireless communication device 104 and a second wireless communication device 106. A call, or other communication session, may be initiated by the first wireless communication device by sending a D2D call initiation message over uplink macrocell communication resources to the core network of a cellular communication system. The first wireless communication device may also transmit D2D link information regarding the wireless D2D communication link between the wireless communication devices. The core network sends D2D link establishment information over macrocell downlink communication resources to at least one of the wireless communication devices where the link establishment information allows the wireless communication devices to establish and communication over the D2D communication link.
Apparatus, method and computer program product providing simultaneous radio resource and service requests
A method includes, at a user equipment, combining a message requesting the radio resource connection and a message requesting at least one service into a single message. The single message is transmitted from the user equipment to a network element in a wireless network. Another method includes receiving, from a user equipment, a single message including both a message requesting a radio resource connection and a message requesting at least one service. In response to the message requesting radio resource connection, performing radio resource control connection establishment for the user equipment in order to establish the radio resource control connection between the user equipment and at least one of a plurality of network elements of a wireless network. In response to the message requesting at least one service, performing service request procedures for the user equipment, wherein at least part of the radio resource control connection establishment and at least part of the service request procedures are performed in parallel.
Estimating wireless capacity
A system and method are disclosed that may provide an accurate estimate of an AP's available medium share. The AP may perform a plurality medium access contention operations to determine a duration of a transmit opportunity and a queue service interval for each of a plurality of access categories. The AP may also determine a queue service interval for a number of packet queues associated with each of the access categories. The AP may use timing information derived from the medium access contention operations to estimate a portion of the medium share available on a per-access category and/or per-user basis. The timing information may include the transmit opportunity durations and queue service intervals for the access categories, the queue service intervals for the individual packet queues, and/or values indicative of the AP's PHY rate and medium utilization.
System and method for handling stray session requests in a network environment
An example method is provided in one example embodiment and may include receiving a session request for a user equipment (UE) at a node, wherein the session request includes a timestamp for the UE and a retry count; determining if the session request is a stray session request; and maintaining session information for an existing session for the UE at the node if the session request is a stray session request. The method can include identifying the received session request as a stray request if the timestamp received in the request is less than a timestamp stored for an existing session for the UE. The method can also include identifying the received request as a stray request if the timestamp received is equal to the timestamp stored for the existing session and if the retry count received is less than or equal to a retry count stored for the session.
Full duplex operation in a wireless communication network
Methods, apparatus, and computer software are disclosed for communicating within a wireless communication network including a scheduling entity configured for full duplex communication, and user equipment (UE) configured for half duplex communication. In some examples, one or more UEs may be configured for limited (quasi-) full duplex communication. Some aspects relate to scheduling the UEs, including determining whether co-scheduling of the UEs to share a time-frequency resource is suitable based on one or more factors such as an inter-device path loss.
Emergency and prioritized access to wireless resources
A radio resources management algorithm, through a process of function evaluation and optimization, determines and assigns resource priority values to wireless resource requests. Resource requests may be arranged within a priority queue in accordance with the priority values. The priority queue may control access to wireless resources that are typically reserved for handing off ongoing calls between cells. The algorithm may supplement or replace an existing CAC algorithm. The algorithm may also determine whether sufficient spare handoff resources are available to fulfill a resource request. If sufficient resources are not available, the disclosed algorithm may implement one or more congestion control mechanism designed to free up handoff resources. If sufficient resources are not available to fulfill a resource request, the resource request may be accepted and arranged in the priority queue if it is of sufficiently high priority, or may be rejected if the request is of low priority.
Dynamic aggregation for coexistence between wireless transceivers of a host device
A circuit includes a first wireless interface circuit that communicates packetized data to a first external device in accordance with a first wireless communication protocol. A second wireless interface circuit communicates packetized data to a second external device in accordance with a second wireless communication protocol. A plurality of signal lines communicate at least four lines of cooperation data between the first wireless interface circuit and the second wireless interface circuit, wherein the cooperation data relates to cooperate transceiving in a common frequency spectrum.
Method and apparatus for combining schedules in wireless communication system
A method for combining two or more schedules in a machine to machine (M2M) communication system according to one embodiment of the present invention is disclosed. The method is performed by a M2M server and comprises the steps of: receiving at least one schedule request from at least one M2M application—the schedule request requesting a measurement a report for a specific resource for a specific M2M device—; determining whether a first permissible interval of a measurement time point or a report time point included in the schedule request is overlapped with a second permissible interval of a measurement time point or a report time point of the pre-stored M2M schedule when an ID of the M2M device and an ID of the resource included in the schedule request are the same as the ID of the M2M device and the ID of the resource of the pre-stored M2M schedule; and generating mapping information for indicating a relationship between the schedule request and the pre-stored M2M schedule when determining that the first permissible interval and the second permissible interval overlap.
Scheduling method and apparatus for use in D2D communication system
A scheduling method and an apparatus are provided for use in a Device-to-Device (D2D) communication system. A scheduling method of a node in a wireless communication system according to the present disclosure includes acquiring a first data rate on a first link in consideration of interference occurring when a second link is established, acquiring a second data rate on the first link without consideration of the second link, acquiring, when the second link is established, a third data rate on the second link, and determining whether to establish the second link in consideration of the first data rate, second data rate, and third data rate.
Methods and apparatus for adaptively selecting a communications mode in high frequency systems
Methods and apparatus are provided for adaptively selecting a communications mode in high frequency systems. A first dual-mode device having capabilities of using two or more high frequency communications modes, such as OFDM and SC modulation, may transmit a signal to a second dual-mode device with the same capabilities. The second dual-mode device may compute a channel characteristic associated with a high frequency communications channel and select an optimal high frequency communications mode. The second dual-mode device may transmit information indicative of the channel characteristic or the selected communications mode to the first dual-mode device. The first dual-mode device may select and operate using the optimal high frequency communications mode based on the information received from the second dual-mode device. The first and second dual-mode devices may communicate using the selected high frequency communications mode.
Communication system, base station apparatus, mobile terminal apparatus and communication method
The present invention is designed to trigger a PUSCH dynamically or periodically in an S-cell upon carrier aggregation in a HetNet and transmit UCI efficiently. In the communication system of the present invention, a mobile terminal apparatus reserves physical uplink shared channel resources in a second carrier by higher layer signaling, and transmits uplink control information combining ACK/NACK for a physical downlink shared data channel allocated by a downlink scheduling assignment and a CQI report triggered by the downlink scheduling assignment, to a second base station apparatus, using one of the reserved physical uplink shared channel resources.
WLAN packet-by-packet bandwidth scheduling for LTE coexistence
The use of multiple radios using different radio access technologies (RATs) on a wireless station can result in interference that can be mitigated by reducing, on a packet-by-packet basis, the bandwidths of communications using one of the RATs. For example, the bandwidth of wireless local area network (WLAN) communications sent or received by a wireless station can be reduced in order to avoid interference with Long-term Evolution (LTE) or LTE-Advanced (LTE-A) communications. A wireless station can determine that only a portion of an interfering bandwidth used by a first radio will interfere with the receipt of communications on a second radio, then the wireless station can dynamically adjust its transmissions on the first radio to only use non-interfering frequencies.
Computational syndrome detectors
Example methods disclosed herein include analyzing session records associated with a wireless system resource to determine a number of wireless devices that accessed the wireless system resource over a first time period. Example methods disclosed herein also include determining a status of vehicular traffic along a section of roadway within a service range of the wireless system resource based on the number of wireless devices determined to have accessed the wireless system resource over the first time period. Example methods disclosed herein further include transmitting a report including the status of the vehicular traffic along the section of roadway to a first wireless device.
Method for searching control signal in a wireless access system supporting carrier aggregation (CA)
The present invention relates to a wireless access system supporting carrier aggregation and carrier aggregation technology, and discloses methods for effectively detecting control signals for a plurality of cells and apparatuses supporting same. In an embodiment of the present invention, a method for detecting control signals in a wireless access system supporting multiple carrier aggregation (CA) and cross carrier scheduling may comprise calculating the start point of a reference search space in an expanded search space, calculating start points of the next search spaces which are spaced apart from the reference search space by a predetermined offset value, and performing blind decoding on the reference search space and subsequent search spaces to search control signals from a base station.
Methods and systems for transmission of multiple modulated signals over wireless networks
A method and apparatus for requesting and allocating bandwidth in a broadband wireless communication system. The method and apparatus includes a combination of techniques that allow a plurality of CPEs to communicate their bandwidth request messages to respective base stations. One technique includes a “polling” method whereby a base station polls CPEs individually or in groups and allocates bandwidth specifically for the purpose of allowing the CPEs to respond with bandwidth requests. The polling of the CPEs by the base station may be in response to a CPE setting a “poll-me bit” or, alternatively, it may be periodic. Another technique comprises “piggybacking” bandwidth requests on bandwidth already allocated to a CPE. Currently active CPEs request bandwidth using unused portions of uplink bandwidth that is already allocated to the CPE. The CPE is responsible for distributing the allocated uplink bandwidth in a manner that accommodates the services provided by the CPE.
Methods and systems for transmission of multiple modulated signals over wireless networks
A method and apparatus for requesting and allocating bandwidth in a broadband wireless communication system. The method and apparatus includes a combination of techniques that allow a plurality of CPEs to communicate their bandwidth request messages to respective base stations. One technique includes a “polling” method whereby a base station polls CPEs individually or in groups and allocates bandwidth specifically for the purpose of allowing the CPEs to respond with bandwidth requests. The polling of the CPEs by the base station may be in response to a CPE setting a “poll-me bit” or, alternatively, it may be periodic. Another technique comprises “piggybacking” bandwidth requests on bandwidth already allocated to a CPE. Currently active CPEs request bandwidth using unused portions of uplink bandwidth that is already allocated to the CPE. The CPE is responsible for distributing the allocated uplink bandwidth in a manner that accommodates the services provided by the CPE.
Method and apparatus for transmitting channel state information in wireless communication system
Provided are a method and an apparatus for transmitting periodic channel state information (CSI) in a wireless communication system. User equipment activates an uplink (UP) semi-persistent scheduling (SPS) session allocated to a secondary cell (SCell), periodically transmits the periodic CSI through a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) to a base station on the basis of the UL SPS session allocated to the SCell, and releases the UL SPS session allocated to the SCell.
Method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving signal to and from network at user equipment in a wireless communication system
A method for transmitting a signal to a transmitter at a receiver in a wireless communication system is disclosed. The method includes receiving first information to be transmitted to the transmitter from a higher layer and activating a timer, receiving second information to be transmitted to the transmitter from the higher layer, and transmitting a resource allocation request message to the transmitter, for transmitting the first and second information, upon expiration of the timer.
Base station apparatus, user equipment and communication method
A user equipment (UE) receives using a PDCCH, downlink control information (DCI) including second information (SI), the DCI being used for scheduling of a PUSCH in one uplink component carrier. The UE transmits using the PUSCH, channel state information (CSI) for a first set of one or more downlink component carriers (DCCs) which is configured in a case that more than one DCC is configured and the DCI including the SI is received and a value of the field of the SI is a first value. The UE transmits using the PUSCH, the CSI for a second set of the one or more DCCs which is configured in a case that the more than one DCC is configured and the DCI including the SI is received and a value of the field of the SI is a second value, where the DCI is mapped on a UE specific search space.
Method and device for transmitting data in non-scheduled manner
The present invention discloses a method and a device for transmitting data. The method includes: sending, by a base station, a time-frequency resource on which a communication equipment sends any one preamble to the base station on a physical random access channel and corresponding relationship between a physical random access feedback channel and a physical random access channel to a user equipment on a downlink resource through system broadcast; sending, by the communication equipment, any one preamble to the base station on the time-frequency resource, receiving random access feedback information sent by the base station, performing synchronization with the base station through a TA carried in the random access feedback information, sending an RRC connection request message to the base station on the time-frequency resource biased with a preset time, receiving an RRC establishment message sent by the base station, and then establishing an RRC connection with the base station.
Apparatus and method for dynamic communication resource allocation for device to-device communications in a wireless communication system
An apparatus, system and method to dynamically manage an allocation of communication resources for direct device-to-device communications between a plurality of wireless communication devices in a wireless communication system. In one embodiment, the apparatus (410) includes a communication resource allocator (420) configured to: (1) select a master communication device of a plurality of wireless communication devices that form a device-to-device group, (2) provide an allocation of communication resources for device-to-device group that facilitate direct device-to-device communications therebetween. The apparatus (410) also includes a message generator (430) configured to assemble messages that include the allocation of the communication resources.
Obstacle detection and warning system using a mobile device
A method and system for detecting obstacles in a user's path by obtaining the user's location and direction of movement, as well as visual and audio inputs of the surrounding environment, and alarming the user if the method and system detect an obstacle approaching the user.
Hybrid land mobile radio system incorporating mobility management and out-of-coverage indication
The present disclosure provides a system and a method for providing mobility management and out-of-coverage indication in a hybrid system comprised of conventional LMR sites and trunking LMR sites. If a radio is located at a conventional site, the radio provides its location and user group data to the disclosed system through its traffic channel when the channel is idle. If the radio is located at a trunking site, the radio provides its location and user group data to the disclosed system through the trunking site's control channel. Knowledge of the radio's current location and user group data is used to provide dynamic call routing and data management within the disclosed system. The disclosed system and method provides seamless communication between a trunking site and a conventional site while concurrently enhancing the hybrid system to provide mobility management and out-of-coverage indication features typically associated with a stand-alone trunking system.
Vehicle-mounted device and congestion control method
The invention has the object of avoiding congestion while reducing differences between parameters for communication among vehicles. The vehicle-mounted device performing communication by radio signals with predetermined vehicle-mounted devices respectively equipped in a plurality of vehicles includes: a radio unit detecting radio signals to measure congestion level; a processor receiving, from each of the predetermined vehicle-mounted devices, a value of, among parameters relating to communication of the predetermined vehicle-mounted devices, a predetermined parameter for which the degree of contribution to congestion increases with increase in the value of the predetermined parameter; and a controller decreasing, when the congestion level measured by the radio unit exceeds a predetermined threshold value, the value of the predetermined parameter of its own device if the value of the predetermined parameter of its own device is greater than the average of the values of the predetermined parameter received at the processor.
Method and apparatus for determining transmission power
A technique, including in a communication system involving a plurality of access nodes cooperatively detecting a transmission from a communication device, determining at said communication device a transmission power parameter relating to said communication device at least partly on the basis of a plurality of pathloss values including a first pathloss value for a first set of access nodes of said plurality of access nodes transmitting a first reference signal at substantially the same transmission power and a second pathloss value for one or more second access nodes of said plurality of access nodes transmitting a second reference signal at substantially the same transmission power.
System-wide uplink band gain control in a distributed antenna system (DAS), based on per band gain control of remote uplink paths in remote units
System-wide uplink band gain control in a distributed antenna system (DAS) based on per-band gain control of remote uplink paths in remote units is disclosed. In one embodiment, for each uplink band in the DAS, a gain control system receives remote uplink band power measurements for each remote uplink path for the uplink band. Based on these power measurements, the gain control system determines if the uplink gain of all of the remote uplink paths of the plurality of uplink paths of the uplink band should be adjusted. If the uplink gain of the remote uplink paths of the uplink band should be adjusted, the gain control system directs a remote uplink gain control circuit for each remote uplink path of the uplink band to adjust the uplink gain by a defined remote uplink band gain level.
Uplink power control method and device based on genetic algorithm in communication network
Provided are an uplink power control method and device based on a genetic algorithm in a communication network. The method includes: modelling a communication network to obtain a theoretically optimal mobile terminal transmission power expression; determining a fitness function in combination of a genetic algorithm; determining the number of bits of a binary string of a variable; initializing populations; returning an actual value from the binary string to serve as an actual variable; and obtaining the most robust gene and the weakest gene in a chromosome according to the fitness function, designing a genetic operator and determining operating parameters of the genetic algorithm according to the most robust gene and the weakest gene. Using the solution enables a base station to properly indicate to dynamically adjust the uplink transmission power of a home mobile terminal, thereby ensuring excellent system performance of the communication network.
Method for controlling downlink transmission power and apparatus for same
A method is described for performing power control by a first base station in a wireless communication system. A parameter value related with signal strength of a second base station is acquired. An upper power limit of the first base station is determined in consideration of the signal strength of the second base station. Signal transmission is performed in consideration of the upper power limit of the first base station. If a first condition(s) including that the parameter value is equal to or more than a first threshold value is satisfied, the upper power limit of the first base station is given as an intermediate value. If a second condition(s) including that the parameter value is less than the first threshold value is satisfied, the upper power limit of the first base station is given as a pre-determined value related with the transmit power of the first base station.
Apparatus and method for controlling transmission of sensor data on media access control (MAC) layer of wireless sensor network
A method for controlling transmission of sensor data by a coordinator of a wireless sensor network, the method including transmitting a data frame received from a sensor device to a PAN coordinator; in response to no acknowledgement message being received from the PAN coordinator during a predetermined period of time for waiting to receive an acknowledgement message, retransmitting the data frame; and, in response to a number of retransmission attempts of the data frame being exceeding a maximum number of retransmission attempts, transmitting Data Transmission Stop Notification to the sensor device in order to stop to receive any data frame from the sensor device.
User equipment, a network node and methods therein for adjusting the length of a discontinuous reception cycle in a user equipment in a wireless communication system
Method (500) in a user equipment (110) for setting a length of a discontinuous reception cycle of the user equipment (110), which is served by a serving network node (120) in a wireless communication network (100). The method (500) comprises acquiring (501) information related to a property of a signal received from the serving network node (120). Also, the method (500) comprises setting (502) the length of the discontinuous reception cycle of the user equipment (110), based on the acquired (501) information.
Shaping data packet traffic
According to some embodiments, a communication module 120 may be configured to transmit data packet traffic and a management module 110 may be configured to shape the data packet traffic transmitted by the communication module 120. The management module 110 may shape the data packet traffic by buffering data packets routed at different times to the communication module 120 based on at least one power management factor.
Method and apparatus for reducing power consumption of base station in radio communication system
A method for reducing power consumption of a macro Base Station (BS) in a radio communication system is provided. The method includes transmitting a preamble through at least one mini BS installed within a service coverage area of the macro BS, and transmitting a power-off command to the at least one mini BS after being switched into a power-on state, upon reception of access request information through the at least one mini BS from a terminal that received the preamble.
Traffic characteristic based selection of serving base station
For the purpose of selecting a base station (110, 120) to be used as a serving base station of a mobile terminal (100), a traffic characteristic of the mobile terminal (100) is determined. The traffic characteristic may in particular be indicative of an asymmetry between downlink and uplink data traffic of the mobile terminal (100). On the basis of the traffic characteristic, a selection between a first mode and a second mode is performed. In the first mode the base station (110, 120) to be used as the serving base station is selected on the basis of its downlink radio capacity as compared to one or more other base stations (110, 120). In the second mode the base station (110, 120) to be used as the serving base station is selected on the basis of its uplink radio capacity as compared to one or more other base stations (110, 120).
Cell search method and device
A cell search method is applied to a wireless system for cell search synchronization. Frame signals of the wireless system include a first sub-frame and a second sub-frame. Both of the first and second sub-frames include a first regular timeslot and a down pilot timeslot. It is determined whether a length of an actual synchronization window is smaller than a length of the first synchronization search window that is a sum of a length of the first-sub frame and a length the first regular timeslot and the down pilot of the second sub-frame. When the length of the actual synchronization search window is smaller, at least a part of data carried in the first regular timeslot and the down pilot timeslot of the second sub-frame or the first sub-frame is duplicated to before or after the actual synchronization search window.
Adaptive multimodal provisioning for wireless sensors
Methods, systems, and apparatus are described for provisioning wireless communication devices. One embodiment includes a communication device that determines an operating channel corresponding to an AP having the highest received signal strength measurement. The communication device operates in an AP mode with another communication device on this same channel to facilitate provisioning of the other communication device with the AP. Another embodiment includes a communication device that operates as a station in a first wireless network and as an AP in a second wireless network with another communication device. The communication device determines a transmission time waiting interval corresponding to communication device AP mode transmissions and divides the channels into groups that can be scanned within the transmission time waiting interval. The communication device scans these channel subgroups to identify other APs available for provisioning the other communication device.
Call control system, mobile station and call restriction method
A control system includes: a storage device configured to store a list of priority callees for a plurality of mobile stations; and a controller configured to execute a procedure, including determining, based on call restriction information for call-restricted areas in which a plurality of restricted mobile stations and priority callees included on the list for the restricted mobile stations are respectively located, an allowed calling time period in which calling is allowed to the priority callees on the list for the restricted mobile stations, the restricted mobile stations being a plurality of the mobile stations located in a call-restricted area, and transmitting information indicating the allowed calling time period to the restricted mobile stations.
Optimal use of multiple concurrent internet protocol (IP) data streams for voice communications
Examples are disclosed for mediating a voice communication session in which a communications server functions as a bridge service between a hybrid mobile device and a second endpoint. The hybrid mobile device sends, over an upstream link, and receives, over a downstream link, an Internet Protocol (IP) packet data media stream representing the voice communication session over a WiFi IP data communication link to and from the communications server. The hybrid mobile device is also capable of sending, over an upstream link, and receiving, over a downstream link, a second IP packet data media stream representing the same voice communication session over a cellular IP data communication link to and from the communications server. The hybrid mobile device monitors the quality of service (QoS) of the IP packet data media stream as determined by multiple communication link parameters for the 802.11 WiFi network connection. When the communication link parameters dip below a specified QoS, the hybrid mobile device interleaves a help packet into the upstream IP packet data media stream instructing the communications server to begin streaming the IP packet data media stream representing the voice communication session over the downstream link of the cellular IP data communication link in addition to and in sync with the IP packet data media stream being sent over the downstream link of the WiFi IP data communication link.
Method and apparatus to facilitate influencing handover decisions
A cellular communications system end-user transceiver (303) automatically determines (101) at least one received signal strength metric as corresponds to both a presently-utilized base station (307) and at least one presently un-utilized base station (309) to provide one or more corresponding received signal strength values. This transceiver then determines (102) whether to purposefully alter this received signal strength value(s). When deciding to make the alteration, the transceiver automatically alters (104) the received signal strength value(s) to provide one or more corresponding altered signal strength values. The transceiver then transmits (105) the latter in order to influence a handover decision in favor of handing over the transceiver from the presently-utilized base station to the presently un-utilized base station.
Efficient use of a communications network
A duration of time a communications device is connected to a first network is monitored. A signal of a second network is detected. Next, it is determined whether a predetermined amount of time has elapsed such that the communications device makes efficient use of the first network, and in response to a determination that the predetermined amount of time has elapsed, a connection of the communications device to the second network is initiated.
System and method for seamless mobility in a network environment
In one example embodiment, an apparatus is provided that includes an antenna that receives, in a first wireless network, a first identifier of a second wireless network access point. The apparatus also includes a processor that processes data received by the antenna. The apparatus transmits, in the first wireless network, the first identifier of the second wireless network access point. The apparatus establishes a tunnel to the second wireless network. The antenna transmits a second identifier of the second wireless network access point.
Radio communication system, low-power base station, high-power base station, radio terminal, and radio communication method
A radio communication system is provided with a high-power base station, a radio terminal which is located within a macro cell formed by the high-power base station, and a low-power base station which has a lower transmission output power than the high-power base station. The low-power base station sends, to the high-power base station, control information needed for the radio communication between the radio terminal and the low-power base station; the high-power base station sends, to the radio terminal, the control information received from the low-power base station; and the radio terminal performs radio communication with the low-power base station by using the control information received from the high-power base station.
Method and apparatus for supporting dynamic and distributed mobility management
A method and apparatus are described for supporting dynamic and distributed mobility management (DMM). A wireless transmit/receive unit (WTRU) may attach to a first distributed gateway (D-GW), and configure a first Internet protocol (IP) address based on a prefix locally provided by the first D-GW. The WTRU may move and attach to a second D-GW while carrying out an on-going communication session with a correspondent node (CN). The WTRU may configure a second IP address based on a prefix provided by the second D-GW. The WTRU may use the first IP address for carrying out the on-going session and use the second IP address for a new communication session.
Exploiting cell dormancy and load balancing in LTE HetNets
At a coarse time-scale, at the start of each frame the choice of TPs to be made active and users to associate with the active TPs are determined by solving an optimization problem. The inputs to the optimization problem are averaged slowly varying metrics that are relevant for a period longer than the backhaul latency. At a the fine time-scale, in each slot each active TP independently does scheduling over the set of users associated with it, without any coordination with any of the other active TPs, based on fast changing information, such as instantaneous rate or SINR estimates.
Communication device, communication system, and communication method
An object of the present invention is to forward a packet corresponding to trajectories of roads without it being necessary to use road trajectory information. A communication device is mounted on a vehicle. The communication device includes a reception section that receives a packet containing forwarding information that represents a transmission area of the packet that is set up based on a reference direction from a transmission source; an acquisition section that acquires a running direction of its own vehicle; and a processing section that transmits the packet containing the forwarding information to at least the transmission area of the packet that has been set up based on the running direction of its own vehicle.
Apparatus and method of reporting measurement result in wireless communication system
A method and apparatus of reporting measurement results in a wireless communication system is provided. A user equipment receives a measurement configuration which configures a plurality of serving cells as measurement objects and performs measurements for the plurality of serving cells based on the measurement configuration to determine measurement results for the plurality of serving cells. The user equipment reports the measurement results for the plurality of serving cells.
User equipment and method in a communications network
A method in a User Equipment (UE) of performing measurements of a plurality of measurement types is provided. The UE performs a measurement of a first measurement type and at least one of a measurement of a second and a third measurement type. In the performed measurements: the at least one of a measurement of the second and the third measurement type is performed during a required time such that first pre-defined requirements for the at least one of a measurement of the second and third measurement type are met, the required time forming part of a time available for measurements, and the measurement of the first measurement type is performed during a remaining time, during which the at least one of a measurement of the second measurement type and a measurement of the third measurement type is not performed.
Method of real-time regulation compliance for wireless transmitters
All wireless devices must comply with the local radio regulations which are set by international and national regulatory bodies such as the European Telecommunication Standardization Institute (ETSI) for Europe and the Federal Commission for Communication (FCC) for US. A new firmware module is proposed, that will ensure that devices, in all circumstances will comply with the ETSI regulations for single channel emissions in the 868 MHz ISM band. Namely, assuring compliance with the duty-cycle limit, the maximum TX time and minimum TX-off time limit. Such a solution has not been researched mostly due to the popularity of the virtually worldwide 2.4 GHz ISM band which does not have duty-cycle limitations. The wireless sensor networks (WSN) operating in the 868 MHz band have their own niche applications that benefit from the increased signal range. The development and the acceptance of such applications will benefit from the existence of the proposed module implemented in firmware/software. We propose such a solution and demonstrate its implementation on a custom developed node and protocol. Implementation on top of standardized protocol layers is also analyzed. We also analyze the memory, time and energy overheads caused by including the module in the firmware.
Radio terminal, radio station, radio communication system, and methods implemented therein
A radio terminal (2) is used in a radio communication system (100) and communicates with a radio station (1). The radio terminal (2) includes a measurement unit (20). The measurement unit (20) operates to perform, using a terminal measurement procedure for executing a first terminal measurement corresponding to radio access technology applied to the radio communication system (100), a second terminal measurement of a shared frequency shared by a plurality of radio systems including the radio communication system (100).
Fast scan algorithm for higher priority service search
In a wireless communication system, techniques and devices are presented that can perform fast scan algorithms from a lower priority service, e.g., following a circuit-switched fallback (CSFB) voice call, to search for a higher priority network or technology to select. The higher priority network might be an LTE technology network or a high priority PLMN.
Signal strength management
Methods and systems for signal strength management are provided. A first (mobile) communication device may provide a server with information relating to the signal strength, and such information may be used to determine future signal strength (e.g., at a different location). The first user may see the signal strength of a second communication device with which it may be communicating. The communication device may also communicate with a system that maintains a real-time database of signal strengths throughout an area, such as a state. A user's handheld device may receive a indications, warnings, and recommended courses of action that the user may take to maintain communications when a signal strength of a wireless communication network is predicted to change. Users of the present invention may take actions to insure that the quality of their call is maintained.
Systems and methods of triggering interference mitigation without resource partitioning
Systems and methods for triggering interference mitigation at a wireless device in a cellular communications network are disclosed. In one embodiment, a node associated with a cellular communications network makes a determination to trigger interference mitigation at a wireless device based on a signal load in at least one interfering cell from which transmissions result in interference at the wireless device during reception from a desired cell, a relation between reference signals used in the desired cell and the at least one interfering cell, and a timing relation between at least one of a group consisting of: signals transmitted by the desired cell and the at least one interfering cell and signals received at the wireless device from the desired cell and the at least one interfering cell. In response to making the determination, the node triggers interference mitigation at the wireless device.
Systems, methods, and devices for electronic spectrum management
Systems, methods, and devices enable spectrum management by identifying, classifying, and cataloging signals of interest based on radio frequency measurements. Signal data is compared with stored data to identify the signal of interest. Signal degradation data is calculated based on noise figure parameters, hardware parameters and environment parameters.
Prioritization of different operators in shared spectrum
Methods, systems, apparatuses, and devices are described for wireless communications. In one method, an opportunity may be identified for a first operator to perform a clear channel assessment (CCA) for a shared spectrum. The opportunity may be based on a priority of the first operator with respect to at least one other operator associated with the shared spectrum. The CCA may be performed for the shared spectrum during the identified opportunity to determine whether the shared spectrum is available for a transmission during a transmission interval.
Mobile phone and received information processing method thereof
Disclosed are a mobile phone and a method for processing received information thereof. The method comprises the following steps: determining whether received information under current processing is from a secondary subscriber identity module (SIM) card of the mobile phone, and determining whether the secondary SIM card is locked; if the received information is from the secondary SIM card of the mobile phone and the secondary SIM card is locked, waiting for a subscriber to determine whether to process, through a primary SIM card of the mobile phone, the received information; and if the subscriber determines to process, through the primary SIM card of the mobile phone, the received information, processing the received information through the primary SIM card. In the present invention, when the secondary SIM card in the mobile phone is locked and it is necessary to reply to or forward a short message on the secondary SIM card, received information from the secondary SIM card can be processed in time through the primary SIM card, which is greatly convenient for the use of the subscriber.
Authorization based on access token
A mobile device may include an authenticator and a processor. The authenticator may generate an authorization request with a secure token to access a server. The processor may access the server using an authorization token, if the authenticator receives the authorization token in response to the authorization request. The authenticator may embed the authorization request with a plurality of parameters to allow the server to determine, based upon at least one of the plurality of parameters, if the authorization token should be given to the mobile device.
Wireless communication apparatus, communication device, wireless communication method, and wireless communication control program
The objective of the present invention is a radio communication apparatus such that, in a radio communication apparatus that allows a plurality of communication settings, other communication settings can also be executed accompanying execution of one communication setting. In the present invention, a radio communication apparatus (100) performs a plurality of communication settings between a radio communication apparatus (200). A communication setting determination unit (111) outputs a setting flag indicating whether or not to perform a plurality of communication settings. A setting information exchange unit (113), on the basis of the setting flag input from the communication setting determination unit (111), exchanges setting information related to unset communication settings between the radio communication apparatus (200).
Method and system for redirecting a request for IP session from a mobile device
A request for establishing an IP session from a mobile device to be activated and connected to a cellular network is redirected to a web portal or platform of the cellular network. When the mobile device sends an authentication request for requesting establishment of an IP session to the cellular network, the mobile device receives a restricted IP address from the cellular network if the mobile device is not currently authorized for communication via the cellular network. A reverse domain name system lookup is performed on the restricted IP address to find a host name of a web portal or platform of the cellular network corresponding to the restricted IP address. The mobile device determines whether or not redirection of an IP communication request to the web portal or platform of the cellular network is to occur based on the host name.
Method for the use of a mobile appliance using a motor vehicle
The invention relates to a method for the use of a mobile appliance which is not associated with a motor vehicle using a motor vehicle, wherein a program which can be executed on the mobile appliance and a digital certificate associated with the program are stored in the mobile appliance, wherein the digital certificate is transmitted from the mobile appliance to the motor vehicle, wherein the digital certificate is verified in the motor vehicle, wherein—if verification of the digital certificate is successful—information associated with the program which can be executed on the mobile appliance is presented using a display in the motor vehicle, and wherein the program which can be executed on the mobile appliance is used using a user arrangement, associated with the display, in the motor vehicle.
Multiple-persona on mobile devices
Disclosed is a system and method of allowing multiple customer support organizations to establish virtual mobile management sessions with a mobile device using a multi-persona client on the mobile device that does not have to reconfigured for each of the multiple customer support organizations.
Employing physical location geo-spatial co-ordinate of communication device as part of internet protocol
A current physical location value associated is incorporated with a communication device as part of internet protocol (IP). An IP management component obtains current physical location information of a wireless communication device and modifies the IP address to incorporate the current physical location value corresponding to the current physical location of the communication device as part of the IP address of the communication device to prevent undesired intrusions by hackers, as communications associated with the communication device are routed to/from the communication device that is at the current physical location. If the communication device moves to a new location, the IP management component can perform a new IP address modification to modify the IP address to incorporate a new physical location value associated with the communication device.
Method for ensuring security and privacy in a wireless cognitive network
In some embodiments, authentication, confidentiality, and privacy are enhanced for a wireless network of cognitive radios by encryption of network management and control messages as well as data traffic, thereby protecting information pertaining to node identification, node location, node-sensed incumbent transmissions, CRN frequency channel selections, and such like. During initial network registration, a temporary ID can be issued to a node, and then replaced once encrypted communication has been established. This prevents association of initial, clear-text messages with later encrypted transmissions. Elliptic curve cryptography can be used for mutual authentication between subscribers and the base station. ECC-based implicit digital certificates can be embedded in co-existence beacons used by CRN nodes to coordinate use of frequency channels, thereby preventing denial of service attacks due to transmitting of falsified beacons. Similar certificates can be embedded within identity beacons used to protect certain incumbents from interference by the CRN.
Method for limited positioning-based reporting in wireless communication system and apparatus therefor
Provided is a method for reporting by a terminal in a wireless communication system. The method comprises: receiving positioning-limiting information from a network; and determining whether to allow positioning on the basis of the positioning limiting information. The method additionally comprises, if the positioning is allowed, acquiring location information by means of positioning, and reporting the location information via a network.
Collaborative response using capabilities-aware hive network
Various embodiments include approaches for coordinating collaborative response to an event using a capabilities-aware hive network. Some particular embodiments include a system having at least one computing device performing actions including: prompting a plurality of users to register with the capabilities-aware hive network, the prompting including requesting the plurality of users provide information about individual capabilities for response to the event; compiling the information from the plurality of users about individual capabilities for response to the event; obtaining data indicating occurrence of the event, and in response to obtaining the data indicating occurrence of the event, identifying and prioritizing individual user actions in response to the event based upon the information about the individual capabilities for response to the event; and providing user-specific instructions to the plurality of users to perform the individual user actions to respond to the event.
Universal code for emergency calls mode in a network environment
An example method for universal code for emergency calls mode in a network environment is provided and includes receiving an emergency call mode (ECM) code at an application framework layer of a phone, the ECM code being able to trigger an ECM procedure call in a telephony service of the application framework layer, and invoking the ECM procedure call, which instructs an operating system of the phone to enter an ECM, in which the phone is enabled to only make or receive calls and non-essential components of the phone that utilize battery power are disabled. The ECM code can be entered directly on a dial pad of the phone; the ECM code can also be received in a message from an authorized user. In specific embodiments, the non-essential components that are disabled include built-in sensors, wireless fidelity components, Bluetooth components and mobile data network components, applications, and background processes.
Enhanced E911 network access for call centers
An emergency call (e.g., a 911 call, an alarm company call) forwarded by a telematics call center is routed over the switched PSTN to a Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP) call server, where the switched call is converted to a session initiating protocol (SIP) packetized IP call for presentation to an emergency services gateway, which reconverts the call to TDM and connects to a selective router via dedicated circuits, gaining full access to the Enhanced 911 network. This provides a PSAP receiving a call from a telematics call center or other call center with all features available in an Enhanced 911 network, e.g., callback number of the 911 caller, and location of the 911 caller. Location of the caller is provided using a VoIP positioning center (VPC).
Cleanup of LAU-less circuit switched fallback emergency call
Communication systems may benefit from various aspects of emergency call handing. For example, wireless communication systems may benefit from clean up with respect to a fast return feature applied to an emergency call using circuit switched fallback, without a location area update. A method may include identifying an emergency communication that is a circuit switched fallback communication of a user equipment. The method may also include configuring communications so that mobile terminated services work properly after completion of the emergency communication. More particularly, for example, a method may include determining in a network element that the emergency communication is a circuit switched fallback communication. The method may also include, when the emergency call is ended, avoiding invoking a fast return feature for the user equipment.
Ping compensation factor for location updates
In one embodiment, a computing device receives a location update corresponding to a user. The user corresponds to one or more demographic categories, and the location update is provided by one or more location methods which are implemented by a mobile device of the user. The computing device determines that the location update is associated with a visit to a particular place. The computing device determines a total number of visits to the particular place within a period of time for a particular demographic category of users. The computing device calculates a ping compensation factor based at least in part on a subset of the visits determined by a first location method, and the total number of visits. The computing device stores the ping compensation factor on a data store of a social-networking system.
System and method for content and application acceleration in a wireless communications system
A system and method for content and application acceleration in a wireless communications system are provided. A method for transmitting data includes receiving a block of data from a content provider, generating a signature from the block of data, and determining if the signature exists in a content cache. The content cache includes previously transmitted signatures and blocks of data associated with the previously transmitted signatures. The method also includes if the signature exists in the content cache, saving the signature but not the block of data in a buffer. The method further includes if the signature does not exist in the content cache, saving the block of data in the buffer. The method additionally includes transmitting contents of the buffer over a backhaul link.
Method and apparatus for receiving or sending short message
A first message is sent by an MSC/VLR and it is determined that a user equipment is in an abnormal state according to the first message. A second message is sent to the user equipment. The second message is used to instruct the user equipment to initiate attachment to the MSC/VLR. An apparatus includes a receiving module, a first determining module and a sending module.
Method and apparatus for automatically generating and managing groups in address book
A method and apparatus for organizing groups in an address book by referencing groups in other address books to organize the groups in the address book.
Method and apparatus for receiving data in user equipment of supporting multimedia broadcast multicast service
A method and an apparatus for receiving data in a User Equipment (UE) supporting a Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service (MBMS) are provided. A method of receiving data by a UE which supports an MBMS includes obtaining first indication information indicating a Multicast/Broadcast over a Single Frequency Network (MBSFN) subframe reserved for an MBSFN, obtaining second indication information indicating a subframe in the MBSFN subframe, the subframe decoding a Physical Multicast CHannel (PMCH), and when although a first subframe is indicated as the MBSFN subframe, the first subframe is not indicated to decode a PMCH and is not of a subframe for a Positioning Reference Signal (PRS), receiving a Physical Downlink Control CHannel (PDCCH) of the first subframe and decoding a corresponding Physical Downlink Shared CHannel (PDSCH).
Mobile devices control
In embodiments of mobile devices control, a mobile device includes a communication interface for control communication with associated devices of the mobile device, and the associated devices correspond to members of a private interaction hub. A device control service is implemented to determine that the mobile device is moving in a vehicle based on motion data, and can generate a device quiet control to restrict at least audible outputs from one or more of the associated devices that are in the vehicle with the mobile device. The device control service can then initiate communication of the device quiet control to the associated devices in the vehicle to quiet the associated devices that are controllable from the mobile device.
Techniques for trusted location application and location provider communications
Various embodiments are generally directed to techniques for conveying location information between a location provider and a trusted location application within a mobile device through trusted communications to preclude its provision to an untrusted location application. An apparatus includes a processor component; and a location provider for execution by the processor component comprising a location baseband to determine a current location in a venue based on wireless signals received from a location network of the venue, a verification component to verify a trusted location application associated with the venue based at least on credentials received from the trusted location application, and an encryption component to encrypt location information indicating the current location and convey the location information to the trusted location application through a location manager interposed between the location provider and the trusted location application based on verification of the trusted location application. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Method and system for tracking the whereabouts of people in urban settings
A method for tracking the whereabouts of people, particularly in urban settings, according to which a cell grid is established within a given geographical region and positional data records associated with each of a plurality of mobile devices within the region, are received from a base station. An Estimated Location Indicator (ELI) associated with a data object in each of every cell of the grid traversed by the corresponding user within a given period of time is generated, from the received positional data records and for each corresponding user of the plurality of mobile devices. A shortest predicted path is generated between each of the generated An Estimated Location Indicators.
Inferring a current location based on a user location history
Systems and methods for inferring a current location of a user or device based on an analysis of a user location history are provided. In particular, when the current location of a device requesting a location-enhanced service cannot be determined with sufficient precision, a plurality of historical locations provided by the user location history can be scored according to a variety of parameters. The historical location receiving the highest score can be inferred to be the current location of the user, permitting the requested location-enhanced service to be performed.
Proximity-based notifications in a mobile device
Methods, program products, and systems for proximity-based notifications are described. A proximity-based notification system can receive a request to be notified when a contact's mobile device is in proximity to a user's mobile device, obtain permission to receive information associated with the contact, receive the information associated with the contact, detect that the contact's mobile device is in proximity to the user's mobile device based on the information associated with the contact, and notify the user that the contact's mobile device is in proximity to the user's mobile device.
Providing location-based information in local wireless zones
Mobile terminals to receive location-based information upon entering a local wireless zone established by an access point are described. The access point includes or is associated with one or more servers, which may provide the location-based information and control access. The local wireless zone is a limited area in which communications between the access point and the mobile terminal are possible. Once the mobile terminal enters into one or more local wireless zones, the presence of the mobile terminal in the local wireless zone is detected. Once detected, the mobile terminal is afforded access to a server on which the location-based information is stored. The server is associated with the local wireless zone.
System for providing parking information
A system for providing parking information includes: a wireless terminal configured to detect a current position of a vehicle and wirelessly perform data communication; and a server configured to receive a driving destination of the vehicle from the wireless terminal and control information about parking lots around the driving destination, in which the server may update and store the information on the parking lots in real time and respond to a request of the wireless terminal to transmit at least one of parking available information and parking fee information at the parking lots or parking service information provided by shops or service providers associated with the parking lots to the wireless terminal in real time.
Managing wireless voice and data communications
A method of controlling wireless voice and data communications includes identifying a radio access technology (RAT) in use at a vehicle telematics unit; establishing a wireless connection between the vehicle telematics unit and a central facility; wirelessly transmitting the identity of the RAT from the vehicle telematics unit to the central facility; receiving a message at the vehicle telematics unit from the central facility based on the identity of the RAT causing the vehicle telematics unit to: carry out simultaneous voice and data communications over a single wireless connection with the central facility when the identified RAT supports simultaneous voice and data communications; and establish a voice call with the central facility and receive data via short message service (SMS) messages when the identified RAT does not support simultaneous voice and data communications.
Method and apparatus for vehicle process emulation and configuration on a mobile platform
A computer-implemented method includes providing an interface on a wireless device corresponding to an interface for vehicle infotainment system control. The method also includes providing simulated functionality of controls on the interface, such that activation of a control informs a user of what would occur if the control were activated on a vehicle interface. Further, the method includes saving at least one user setting input into the interface. The method additionally includes transferring the saved setting to a vehicle computing system (VCS) for use in infotainment system control when the wireless device is in communication with the VCS.
Information processing system, game system, information processing apparatus, operation instrument, recording medium and information processing method
An example system includes an operation instrument having a storage unit storing information and a first short distance radio communication unit performing transmission/reception of data with an information processing device; and an information processing device having an attachment unit to which the operation instrument is attached, a second short distance radio communication unit performing transmission/reception of data with the operation instrument, an information reading unit reading information stored in the storage unit of the operation instrument through the second short distance radio communication unit, and a processing unit performing processing in accordance with read information read by the information reading unit and operation information indicating operation for the operation instrument attached to the attachment unit.
For media clips having audio content, a novel method for applying panning behaviors to the audio content is presented. The method receives a selection of a media clip having audio content and a selection of a panning preset for modifying a set of audio parameters of the audio content to create an audio panning effect. Each panning preset is associated with several sets of values where each set of values corresponds to the set of audio parameters. The audio parameters include parameters for determining a distribution of the audio content across a multi-channel output system. The method applies each the sets of values associated with the selected panning preset to successive portions of the audio content in order to control the distribution of the audio content to the multi-channel output system.
Binaural rendering of spherical harmonic coefficients
A device comprises one or more processors configured to apply a binaural room impulse response filter to spherical harmonic coefficients representative of a sound field in three dimensions so as to render the sound field.
Microphone configuration and calibration via supply interface
A microphone or a microphone sensor system operates with a sensor interface that receives a supply voltage at a supply terminal. The sensor interface detects a command at the supply terminal based on a change in the supply voltage and communicates the command or data related to the command to a component of the sensor system. The supply terminal is a bidirectional terminal that further communicates data related to the sensor system via the supply terminal.
Low power intermittent messaging for hearing assistance devices
The present subject matter includes a system for communications between a transmitter and a receiver. In various embodiments, the system uses a sleep interval to allow the receiver to go to sleep between wake up times to “sniff” for transmissions from the transmitter. In one variation, the system repeats a transmission for at least a duration of a wake interval. In various embodiments, a receive channel is changed if a signal is not received at a prior channel selection. In various embodiments, the transmission is determined by detection of an event. In various embodiments, the event is an ear-to-ear event. In various embodiments, the receiver and transmitter are in opposite hearing aids adapted to be worn by one wearer.
Method for adjusting a hearing device apparatus and hearing device apparatus
The aim 1s to make operation of hearing device apparatuses more convenient. A method is proposed for operating a hearing device apparatus by a user by presenting a first acoustic signal by the hearing device apparatus as originating from a first virtual position and by presenting a second acoustic signal by the hearing device apparatus as originating from a second virtual position. In this connection the first acoustic signal represents a first adjustment option of the hearing device apparatus and the second acoustic signal a second adjustment option. The body part of the user is moved toward the first or second virtual position and a position or movement of the body part of the user is detected. Finally the detected position or movement of the body part is automatically allocated to the first or second virtual position, whereby the adjustment option corresponding to the allocated virtual position is chosen.
Smart hearing amplifier device
The smart hearing amplifier device is placed in an ear of a user to receive voices of speakers. The smart hearing amplifier device includes a Bluetooth chipset, a photoplethysmography (PPG) sensor, a gravity-sensor (G sensor) and a microcontroller unit (MCU). The PPG sensor emits lights onto the skin of the ear and captures reflected lights from the skin and then outputs PPG signals. The G sensor senses a triaxial gravitational variation of the user and then outputs sensed signals. The MCU is connected with the PPG sensor, the G sensor and the Bluetooth chipset. The MCU processes PPG signals from the PPG sensor and the sensed signals from the G sensor and eliminates noise signals of the PPG signals and the sensed signals, and then calculates bio-data of the user. The Bluetooth chipset receives the bio-data from the MCU and transmits the bio-data to a smart device.
Method and apparatus for processing signals of a spherical microphone array on a rigid sphere used for generating an ambisonics representation of the sound field
Spherical microphone arrays capture a three-dimensional sound field (P(Ωc,t) for generating an Ambisonics representation (Anm(t)), where the pressure distribution on the surface of the sphere is sampled by the capsules of the array. The impact of the microphones on the captured sound field is removed using the inverse microphone transfer function. The equalization of the transfer function of the microphone array is a big problem because the reciprocal of the transfer function causes high gains for small values in the transfer function and these small values are affected by transducer noise. The invention estimates (73) the signal-to-noise ratio between the average sound field power and the noise power from the microphone array capsules, computes (74) the average spatial signal power at the point of origin for a diffuse sound field, and designs in the frequency domain the frequency response of the equalization filter from the square root of the fraction of a given reference power and the simulated power at the point of origin.
User device having plurality of microphones and operating method thereof
A user device having a plurality of microphones and an operating method thereof are provided. The user device includes a plurality of microphones for converting sounds into electrical signals, an analysis unit for analyzing acoustic characteristics of the electrical signals outputted from the plurality of microphones, a switch unit for electrically connecting a specific microphone and a host device according to the analysis result of the analysis unit, and the host device for executing a function using an electrical signal outputted from the specific microphone. Various other exemplary embodiments are possible.
Audio processing device and audio processing method
An audio processing device includes a reverb property estimating unit that estimates a reverb property at each frequency on the basis of a first audio signal and a second audio signal representing sounds of the first audio signal output by an audio output unit and collected by an audio input unit, a gain calculating unit that determines an attenuating ratio for a component of the first audio signal at each frequency such that the larger the reverb property at the frequency is, the larger the attenuating ratio for the component at the frequency becomes, and a correcting unit that attenuates the first audio signal at the each frequency in accordance with the attenuating ratio determined for each frequency.
Passive acoustical filters with filled expansion chamber
A passive acoustical filter includes a first opening to receive ambient sound, a second opening to output filtered sound, and a first low pass filter element coupled between the first opening and the second opening. The first low pass filter element includes a first expansion chamber filled with a material in which a speed of sound is lower than a speed of sound in air.
Display device with sound generation regions having different areas
A display device includes a housing, a protective glass, a display panel, a vibration glass layer, and a fastening frame. The display panel is positioned on the housing. The vibration glass layer includes a transparent portion on the display panel and a sound generation portion extending from sides of the transparent portion to the housing. The fastening frame is positioned on the vibration glass layer between the vibration glass layer and the protective glass. The fastening frame includes a base portion and rib portions. The base portion surrounds the transparent portion. The rib portions extend from the base portion to the housing. The rib portions divide the sound generation portion into sound generation regions. The sound generation regions have different areas.
A display device includes a display panel which displays an image, a cushion tape member which is disposed below the display panel to protect a rear surface of the display panel, and includes a first cushion tape and a second cushion tape, a sound element which is disposed between the first cushion tape and the second cushion tape, and includes a pair of electrodes and a vibrating material layer disposed between the pair of electrodes.
Peripheral audio output device
Embodiments are provided for an improved peripheral speaker. The peripheral speaker includes an exterior casing enclosing one or more drivers. The exterior casing further has a channel formed therein such that the channel is sized to removably secure an electronic device. The exterior casing is equipped with a connector lead which partially defines the cavity and that connects the one or more drivers to a port of the electronic device. The one or more drivers output audio according to an audio signal transmitted from the electronic device via the connector lead.
Finding and populating spatial ad surfaces in video
A video hosting web site receives uploaded video content and processes the video to determine ad surfaces. The ad surfaces comprise spatio-temporal regions of the video suitable for placement of advertisement such as background surfaces or other regions of low interest. The uploaded video and ad surfaces are stored to a video database that is accessible to viewers visiting the video hosting web site. When a shared video is requested, the video hosting site provides the requested video content together with the ad surfaces and advertisements. The advertisements are blended with the ad surfaces in the video at playtime so that the advertisements appear as part of the video scene. This allows the video hosting web site to present advertisements to the viewer without significantly distracting the viewer from the requested content.
Methods and systems for monitoring a media stream and selecting an action
Aspects of the present invention are related to systems, methods and apparatus for selecting an action when known content is detected in a media stream.
Systems and methods for providing a network link between broadcast content and content located on a computer network
The invention relates, in various aspects, to systems and methods for linking content stored on a computer network with content broadcast over a television network. The system includes a database, a trigger mechanism, a communications interface, and a packet generator. The database stores tokens representative of links to the stored content and delivery information representative of at least a duration for delivering the token. The trigger mechanism indicates an instruction to deliver a token over the television network, generating a signal indicating a respective one of the stored tokens and a time for starting the delivery of the respective token. The communications interface has a channel in communication with a television set top box device for transferring the respective token to the television set top box device. The packet generator generates packets within a stream of television content to be broadcast over the television network.
Apparatus and method for providing power on and power off for a display device
A streaming media device includes a controller to receive a power off signal, bookmark streamed content at a current location of play after receiving the power off signal, and present a home screen with a visual representation of an alternative content selection and channel selection for a predefined period of time.
Method and device for transmitting and receiving video stream
A method and device for transmitting and receiving a video stream are provided. The transmitting method includes receiving auxiliary information and one or more video streams, and distributing them as one or more pieces of lane data; transmitting the lane data to a receiving device; and receiving a result value that indicates whether a video processing unit for processing one of the one or more video streams works normally. The receiving method includes receiving one or more pieces of lane data that include auxiliary information and one or more video streams; merging the lane data into one or more video streams; selecting a video processing unit based on the auxiliary information, where one or more video processing units process the video streams; generating a result value for the selected video processing unit that indicates whether the video processing unit works normally; and transmitting the result value to a transmitting device.
Localization of customer premises equipment in a digital communication network
In one embodiment, a localization beacon is inserted into a digital communication signal by a localization device. The resulting modified signal is transmitted to customer premises equipment (CPE). One or more CPE devices monitor incoming signals to detect the presence of a localization beacon. If a localization beacon having certain characteristics is not received, the one or more CPE devices are configured to disable one or more CPE features.
Display device on/off detection methods and apparatus
Display device ON/OFF detection methods and apparatus are disclosed. Example methods disclosed herein include performing audio code detection on an audio signal corresponding to an output of a presentation device. Such disclosed example methods also include determining a first result based on whether a valid audio code is detected in the audio signal, and determining a second result based on an audio gain level used to adjust the audio signal prior to performing audio code detection on the audio signal. Such disclosed example methods further include combining the first result and the second result to determine a third result indicating whether the presentation device is ON or OFF.
Clock compensation techniques for audio decoding
This disclosure describes audio decoding techniques for decoding audio information that needs to be properly clocked. In accordance with this disclosure, the number of audio samples in decoded audio output can be adjusted to compensate for an estimated error the in decoder clock. That is to say, rather than adjust the decoder clock to synchronize the decoder clock to the encoder clock, this disclosure proposes adding or removing audio samples from the decoded audio output in order to ensure that the decoded audio output is properly timed. In this way, the techniques of this disclosure can eliminate the need for an adjustable or controllable clock at the decoding device, which can save cost and/or allow legacy devices that do not include an adjustable or controllable clock to decode and output audio information that needs to be properly clocked.
Multistream tuner stick device for receiving and streaming digital content
Embodiments of a device for receiving a digital terrestrial, cable, or satellite television signal are described herein. For example, a silicon tuner module may be configured to receive a digital terrestrial, cable, or satellite television signal and output a digital bitstream, the digital bitstream may include audio visual content in an encoded transport stream. In a further example, a digital audio video connector may be configured to couple with a display device, the digital audio video connector may be configured to provide the digital bitstream to the display device according to a specification. In another example, a processing module may be configured to control the silicon tuner module in response to a Consumer Electronics Control command received from the display device via the digital audio video connector.
Media processing methods and arrangements
The disclosure includes methods of accessing audio-visual content from various sources. One combination includes a method employing a portable device including a processor, microphone and an interface to receive user inputs, the portable device also including a display screen, the method also utilizing a remote computer system comprising a database, the method comprising: receiving a first user request, through the interface, for processing audio content captured with the microphone; processing the audio to yield fingerprint data; communicating the fingerprint data and portable device or user information to the remote computer system; in response to said communicating, receiving source information to enable the portable device access to audio-visual content from a particular source which is remote from the remote computer system, in which the database includes source rules, in which the remote computer system utilizes the portable device or user information to identify user preferences or profile data, and uses identified user preferences or profile data and the source rules to choose the particular source. Of course other methods, combinations and systems are disclosed as well.
User terminal apparatus and UI providing method thereof
A user terminal apparatus and a user interface providing method are provided. The user terminal apparatus providing a control mode to control an apparatus to be controlled and an application mode to operate applications includes a display unit which displays a control mode providing screen and an application mode providing screen, a user interface unit which receives an input of a user's order to select one of the control mode and the application mode, a communication interface unit which communicates with the apparatus to be controlled, and a controller which controls, if the control mode is selected, to display a control screen corresponding to the state of the apparatus to be controlled based on state information of the apparatus to be controlled which is received through the communication interface unit.
Content isolation and processing for inline video playback
The present disclosure relates to methods and apparatus for processing and displaying playback of a video in a handheld device. More specifically, the present disclosure describes an inline video processing and playback, wherein the video playback may be optimized based on variable local conditions, such as the capabilities of the handheld device and the network connection speed.
Adaptive streaming to multicast and constrained-fidelity constant bit rate encoding
This disclosure describes and adaptive bit rate encoding and distribution techniques for conserving bandwidth usage in a channel. The invention comprises, an encoder or transcoder, a video fragmenter, a video-quality analyzer that output complexity values, a streaming server, a process by which individual fragments are selected for distribution, a video-quality threshold, and, optionally a bandwidth reclamation factor. A video-quality analyzer inspects any combination of the input and output of the encoder, transcoder, or fragmenter, and produces a video-quality metric for each fragment. A fragment-selection process responds to request from a client device. If the video-quality value of the fragment requested exceeds the video-quality threshold, a different fragment having a lower vide-quality value is selected instead. Otherwise, the fragment that would have been selected is selected. In some embodiments, the video-quality threshold can be dynamically adjusted to permit varying amounts of bandwidth reclamation.
Systems and methods for sharing video data via social media
Disclosed are efficient and user-friendly systems or methods configured to capture and share video data in real time, at a later date, or a combination thereof in an authorized manner via social media. In certain aspects, these systems and methods include capturing video, for example, from a “Jumbotron” during a sporting event or other live venue event in an authorized manner (e.g., abiding by applicable copyright laws) and sharing this captured footage with other via social media.
Distribution of in-flight entertainment content to portable electronic devices
Embodiments herein provide for In-Flight Entertainment (IFE) content distribution onboard an aircraft to Personal Electronic Devices (PEDs) of passengers over Universal Serial Bus (USB). One embodiment comprises system that includes a media server disposed within the aircraft. The media server provides IFE content streams to the PEDs of passengers. The system further includes an Ethernet network that is electrically coupled to the media server, and a plurality of IFE distribution units that are disposed within the aircraft. At least one of the IFE distribution units includes an Ethernet interface that is electrically coupled to the Ethernet network, a USB port located proximate to a seat within the aircraft, and a controller. The controller is electrically coupled to the Ethernet interface and the USB port, and converts the IFE content streams from the media server from Ethernet frames to USB frames for presentation to the PEDs.
Entropy decoding method, and decoding apparatus using same
The present invention relates to an entropy decoding method and to a decoding apparatus using same. The entropy decoding method according to the present invention comprises: a step of decoding a bin of a syntax element; and a step of acquiring information on the syntax element based on the decoded bin. In the step of decoding the bin, context-based decoding or bypass decoding is performed for each bin of the syntax element.
Apparatus and method for motion vector encoding/decoding, and apparatus and method for image encoding/decoding using same
A video decoding apparatus using an inter-prediction is disclosed. The apparatus includes at least: a decoder configured to reconstruct a flag and quantized transform coefficients by decoding a bitstream, the flag indicating one among a plurality of modes for determining the motion vector of the current block; a predictor configured to determine a motion vector of a current block to be decoded in a current picture, and predict pixels in current block using the motion vector of the current block; an inverse quantizer and inverse transformer configured to inversely quantize and then inversely transform the quantized transform coefficients to thereby reconstruct residual signals; and an adder configured to add the predicted pixels to the reconstructed residual signals which correspond to the predicted pixels.
Method and apparatus for displacement vector component transformation in video coding and decoding
A method and a device for transforming a displacement vector component in the process of encoding or decoding a video. It applies more particularly to a mode of coding where a block of pixel is predictively encoded based on a predictor block pertaining to the same image. This mode of encoding a block of pixel is generally referred to as INTRA Block Copy mode. It proposes to take into account the particular constraints brought by the causal principle in the range of admissible values of the components of the displacement vector. In particular, for some values of one first component, the second component is transformed in order to improve the coding efficiency for it. Accordingly, the magnitude of the second component is reduced improving the coding of its value.
Moving picture coding apparatus and moving picture decoding apparatus
A video encoder (70) for coding moving pictures comprising a buffer (16c) with a plurality of memory areas capable of storing frames composed of top fields and bottom fields, a motion estimation unit (19) operable to code, field by field, inputted pictures performing moving estimation and moving compensation by referring, field by field, to the picture data stored in a memory area, a motion compensation unit (16d), a subtractor (11), a transformation unit (13) and a quantization unit (14), a memory management unit (71) operable to manage, frame by frame, a plurality of memory areas, an inverse quantization unit (16a) and inverse discrete cosine transform unit (16b) operable to decode picture data in coded fields and store the picture data in the decoded field in any of the plurality of memory areas under the management by the memory management unit (71).
Method for processing an image
The disclosure relates to a method for processing an image, the method comprising: providing a set of key points from the image; describing location information of the set of key points in form of a binary matrix; and scanning the binary matrix according to a pre-determined order, thereby creating a new representation of the location information of the set of key points.
Method and apparatus for quantization level clipping
A method and apparatus for clipping a transform coefficient are disclosed. Embodiments according to the present invention avoid overflow of the quantized transform coefficient by clipping the quantization level adaptively after quantization. In one embodiment, the method comprises generating the quantization level for the transform coefficient of a transform unit by quantizing the transform coefficient according to a quantization matrix and quantization parameter. The clipping condition is determined and the quantization level is clipped according to the clipping condition to generate a clipping-processed quantization level. The clipping condition includes a null clipping condition. The quantization level is clipped to fixed-range represented in n bits for the null clipping condition, where n correspond to 8, 16, or 32. The quantization level may also be clipped within a range from −m to m−1 for the null clipping condition, where m may correspond to 128, 32768, or 2147483648.
Joint mode decision with shared bit-budget condition
Apparatus and method for optimizing encoding and decoding when using embedded block coding, in which each block is independent coded is described. Instead of coding the whole block in response to a single mode decision, the block is separated into multiple sub-blocks sharing the same block bit budget. A block is divided for example in response to color or spatial considerations. A joint mode decision is then made where mode (DPCM/PCM) as well as qn are independently determined for each sub-block, while optimizing the use of the overall bit budget by sharing bits between the sub-blocks through refinement bits.
Image coding/decoding device using coding block in which intra block and inter block are mixed, and method thereof
A video encoding/decoding apparatus includes: a video encoder for dividing coding unit block into combination of subblocks of codable size, determining combination of inter blocks and intra blocks with respect to each subblock, determining encoding order of intra encoding blocks within coding unit considering referencing possibility of peripheral pixel values of current block to be intra-prediction encoded, bi-directional intra prediction encoding the current block in determined encoding order, and transmitting encoding mode/size information of subblocks after locating encoding mode/size information in front of a syntax of the coding unit; and a video decoder for restoring encoding mode/size information of subblocks within the coding unit by decoding encoded data, reconstructing inter prediction encoded blocks, based on restored encoding mode information, and determining decoding order of intra prediction mode blocks according to encoding mode/size information of each subblock within coding unit, and conditions on referencing possibility of peripheral blocks of coding unit.
Content adaptive compression system
A content adaptive compression system includes a plurality of encoders being coupled to receive a portion of an image, and accordingly generating candidate compressed codes, respectively, the plurality of encoders being configured for encoding images of different contents. An error count unit is configured to determine an amount of error between the image and the candidate compressed code for each of the encoders. A mode decision unit is coupled to receive a plurality of the amount of error, the candidate compressed code associated with least amount of error being outputted as an adaptive compressed code for the image.
Most probable mode order extension for difference domain intra prediction
An apparatus for coding video information according to certain aspects includes a memory unit and a processor in communication with the memory unit. The memory unit stores difference video information associated with a difference video layer of pixel information derived from a difference between an enhancement layer and a corresponding reconstructed base layer of the video information. The processor determines a Most Probable Mode (MPM) list associated with the difference video layer based on the characteristics of the difference video layer, and determines a value of a current video unit based on the difference video layer and the MPM list.
Temporal motion vector prediction in HEVC and its extensions
In one example, a device includes a video coder configured to determine, for each reference picture in one or more reference picture lists for a current picture, whether the reference picture is to be included in a plurality of reference pictures based on types for the reference pictures in the reference picture lists, compare picture order count (POC) values of each of the plurality of reference pictures to a POC value of the current picture to determine a motion vector predictor for a current block based on motion vectors of a co-located block of video data in a reference picture of the plurality of reference pictures, determine whether a forward motion vector or a backward motion vector of the co-located block is to be initially used to derive the motion vector predictor, and code a motion vector for the current block of video data relative to the motion vector predictor.
Inter-layer mode derivation for prediction in scalable video coding
In some embodiments of a video coder, if some prediction information is not available for a first block in a current layer, the video coder uses corresponding information (e.g., intra prediction direction and motion information), if available, from the first block's co-located second block in the base layer as if it were the prediction information for the first block. The corresponding information can then be used in the current layer to determine the prediction information of succeeding blocks in the current layer.
Method and system for selectively performing multiple video transcoding operations
Method and system for transcoding a sequence of input images into a sequence of output images that can effectively handle one or more transcoding uses cases are presented. The embodiments of the invention exploit the incoming metadata retrieved from the decoding process to adapt the video content and to achieve a significant speed-up in comparison to the traditional cascaded approach while maintaining high quality for output images.
Visual positioning system that utilizes images of a working environment to determine position
A system determines an otherwise unknown position and orientation of a camera in a working environment, relative to an associated coordinate system, based on visually identifiable unique objects in images taken by the camera. The system utilizes a database that includes or may be updated to include position coordinates for unique objects of interest. The system identifies a plurality of objects within images taken by the camera at a given location, and enters the database either to determine position coordinates for the respective identified objects or to add position coordinates to the data base for the respective identified objects, or both. The system may also update the database to include newly identified unique objects and objects that are altered between images, to determine position and orientation of the camera in a changing environment. Sensors may be included to add additional information relative to the position and orientation of the camera.
Array substrate, 3D display device and driving method for the same
According to embodiments of the present invention, the gate lines of the array substrate receive the gate scanning signal in a preset time period. Specifically, the gate lines of pixel units in odd rows are receiving the gate scanning signal in the first time interval of the preset time period, and the gate lines of pixel units in even rows are receiving the gate scanning signal in the second time interval of the preset time period.
Stereoscopic image display device and method for driving the same
The embodiments herein provide a stereoscopic image display device and method for driving the same capable of improving 2D image quality. The stereoscopic image display device comprises a display panel including a plurality of pixels; a 2D data converter configured to received two-dimensional data for each of a plurality of sub-pixels of the pixels and to convert the 2D data for each of the plurality of sub-pixels into converted 2D data for each of the plurality of sub-pixels based on all of the 2D data for the plurality of sub-pixels; and a display panel driving circuit configured to receive the converted 2D data for each of the plurality of sub-pixels and to supply each of the converted 2D data to a corresponding one of the plurality of sub-pixels in a two-dimensional mode of the stereoscopic image display device.
Tracking poses of 3D camera using points and planes
A method registers data using a set of primitives including points and planes. First, the method selects a first set of primitives from the data in a first coordinate system, wherein the first set of primitives includes at least three primitives and at least one plane. A transformation is predicted from the first coordinate system to a second coordinate system. The first set of primitives is transformed to the second coordinate system using the transformation. A second set of primitives is determined according to the first set of primitives transformed to the second coordinate system. Then, the second coordinate system is registered with the first coordinate system using the first set of primitives in the first coordinate system and the second set of primitives in the second coordinate system. The registration can he used to track a pose of a camera acquiring the data.
Information processor and information processing method
An object of the invention is to provide a technique that can generate an image group of a subject having parallax in a horizontal direction of the actual subject as a stereoscopic image of the subject. In order to attain the object, an information processor includes imaging section having a first imaging system and a second imaging system for imaging a subject from different directions, obtaining section for obtaining determination information for determining a geometrical relationship between an arrangement direction of the first imaging system and the second imaging system and a horizontal direction, determination section for determining the geometrical relationship, and generating section for executing one generating process selected from different first generating process and second generating process according to a determination result of the geometrical relationship based on an imaged result of the imaging section so as to generate a stereoscopic image of the subject.
Image capturing apparatus, method of controlling the same and program
Left- and right-eye captured images are output upon reception of light beams having passed through one imaging optical system, and the difference, between the left- and right-eye captured images, of each of subjects included in the left- and right-eye captured images is detected. An extraction image extracted from a region which includes a main subject and has a predetermined size is output for each of the left- and right-eye captured images. At this time, the region is set so that the difference, between the left- and right-eye captured images, of a subject which is different from the main subject and included in both the extraction images has a predetermined value.
Dynamic distribution of three-dimensional content
Methods, apparatuses, and software are disclosed for sending only a first video component (e.g., data comprising one of a left or right component) of content to a plurality of client devices. Further aspects provide for sending, responsive to a request from one of the plurality of client devices, both the first video component and a second video component (e.g., data comprising both of the left and right components) to one or more of the plurality of client devices.
Mobile terminal and method for adjusting and displaying a stereoscopic image
A mobile terminal includes a controller and a display configured to display a stereoscopic image comprising a first image provided to a left eye and a second image provided to a right eye. The controller searches for a plurality of objects within the first image and the second image, wherein each of the plurality of objects is correspondingly present in both the first image and in the second image to form a stereoscopic image; calculates a separation distance for each object; changes only a position of a selected object of each of the first and second images when the calculated separation distance for the selected object is equal to or greater than a threshold value to decrease the separation distance for the selected object to less than the threshold value; and causes the display to display the changed first and second images.
Video analytics method and system
A method for performing video analytics comprises capturing video data using a video source disposed at an acquisition end. The captured video data is stored at the acquisition end, and non-adjacent single frames of the captured video data are transmitted from the acquisition end to a server via an IP network. The non-adjacent single frames of captured video data are transmitted one at a time at known time intervals, or a burst of a plurality of non-adjacent single frames is transmitted at another known time interval. At the server, video analytics is performed on a current one of the non-adjacent single frames for detecting an actionable event relative to a previous one of the non-adjacent single frames. In response to detecting an actionable event, a signal for requesting previously stored video data captured between the current one of the non-adjacent single frames and the previous one of the non-adjacent single frames is transmitted to the acquisition end via the IP network.
White balance correcting apparatus and white balance correcting method for white balance correction in complex light condition
A white balance correcting apparatus and a white balance correcting method are provided. A white balance correcting apparatus includes a white balance corrector configured to divide an input image into a plurality of blocks, determine, using a reference color temperature line, adjusted color temperatures of blocks included in a white area among the plurality of blocks, and calculate red (R) and blue (B) gains to which different weights are applied according to the adjusted color temperatures of the blocks.
Projection system with infrared monitoring function
A projection system includes a projection module, an infrared monitoring module, and a focusing device. Lights of a projection light source (100) pass through a light splitting element (500) and a first lens group (201), and then emit out; infrared lights from outside pass through the first lens group (201) and the light splitting element (500) to an infrared monitoring module (300). Only the first lens group (201) can move back and forth and a focusing device is provided for driving the first lens group (201) to move back and forth. Optical characteristics of a projection objective (200) and a monitoring objective ensure that, during moving of the first lens group (201) driven by the focusing device, the projection objective (200) focuses clearly, and an infrared monitoring image received by an induction chip (301) meets monitoring requirements synchronously.
Native three-color images and high dynamic range images
Various implementations provide color images, including, for example, RGB images and/or HDR images. In one particular implementation, a color image is created using a first set of color values captured from multiple sensors. Multiple pixel locations of the color image have a color value for three colors that are captured from the multiple sensors. A lens assembly passes light to the multiple sensors. An HDR image is created using a second set of color values captured from the multiple sensors. Another implementation includes a lens assembly and multiple sensors arranged to receive light though the lens assembly. A first set of color values captured from the multiple sensors can be assembled to provide three color values for multiple pixel locations. A second set of color values captured from the multiple sensors can be interpolated to provide an HDR image.
Intelligent security light and associated methods
A lighting device capable of detecting a condition in an environment includes a sensor to capture a video frame from a location in the environment. The lighting device may include a microcontroller, a processor and memory. The sensor may be electrically connected to the microcontroller, and the video frame may be transmitted to the microcontroller as data. The lighting device may also include a light source electrically connected to and controlled by the microcontroller and a rules engine stored in the memory. The processor may compare the data to rules contained in the rules engine to produce an output. The lighting device may further include an interface through which the output is accessible. After an analysis is conducted, an output may be generated responsive to detection of an anomaly.
Systems and methods for automated cloud-based 3-dimensional (3D) analytics for surveillance systems
Systems and methods for cloud-computing network with distributed input devices and a cloud-based analytics platform for automatically analyzing received 2-Dimensional (2D) video and/or image inputs for generating 3-Dimensional (3D) surveillance data and providing 3D display for a target surveillance area.
Monitoring system and monitoring method
It is an object of the present invention to provide a monitoring system that captures and inputs video images of a crowd with a surveillance camera for detecting normal and/or various abnormal states. The monitoring system (MS) comprises: a video image input means (1) that captures and inputs the video images of the crowd; an optical-flow calculating means (2) that calculates optical flows from the video images captured at different times; a judgment-block setting means (3) that sets judgment blocks on a surveillance area of each video image, each judgment block serving as a unit to be judged about an abnormality; an optical-flow attribute counting means (4) that counts an attribute of optical flows generated in each judgment block; a normality-evaluating-index calculating means (5) that calculates, from the counted attribute of the optical flows, an evaluation value of a normality-evaluating index for evaluating a normality of the judgment block; an abnormal-state judging means (6) that judges, from the evaluation value of the normality-evaluating index, the abnormal state of the judgment block; and an output means (7) that outputs a result of the judgment made by the abnormal-state judging means onto the video image.
Measuring system for a 3D object
A measuring system for a 3D object includes a base, a horizontal scanning device disposed on the base, a first light emitting device, a second light emitting device, an image capture device, and a control device. The first light emitting device, the second light emitting device, and the image capture device are connected to the horizontal scanning device. The control device controls the horizontal scanning device to cause planar motion relative to the base. With the control of the control device, the first light emitting device and the second light emitting device alternate in projecting a light source onto a 3D object. The image capture device includes a double-sided telecentric lens to capture a plurality of images of the 3D object when the light source is projected onto the 3D object.
High quality multimedia transmission from a mobile device for live and on-demand viewing
Techniques are provided for transmitting high quality multimedia data from a mobile device for live and on-demand viewing. The mobile device adjusts the quality of a single multimedia data stream based on one or more factors, such as the available bandwidth of a wireless link with a server, whether there are any “live” subscribers of the multimedia data stream, whether any “live” subscribers are interacting with the mobile device, and a change in the privacy settings of the user of the mobile device. Any data that was removed from the multimedia data stream before it was transmitted to a server is subsequently sent to the server. The server generates multiple versions of the multimedia data stream that vary in terms of quality. The server selects which version of the multimedia data stream to transmit to a subscriber of the multimedia data stream based on one or more criteria.
Automatic metadata extraction and metadata controlled production process
Metadata generated at the outset of an audio visual program, such as a television undergoes transmission to a field device associated with a capture device operated by production personnel, such as a news reporter and/or a videographer to capture one of audio and/or video information. The production personnel will typically edit the metadata for incorporation into the file structure of audio and/or visual information captured by the capture device. A server receives and updates the original metadata using the metadata in the file structure of the capture audio and/or video information, thus effectively harvesting the original metadata.
Distributed composition of broadcast television programs
Described are methods and systems for combining programming content in a controlled synchronized manner. The systems and methods allow for centrally generated content to be modified using local content. The centrally generated content can include data that specifies what portions of the centrally generated content can be modified by the local content.
Speech recognition and summarization
The subject matter of this specification can be embodied in, among other things, a method that includes receiving two or more data sets each representing speech of a corresponding individual attending an internet-based social networking video conference session, decoding the received data sets to produce corresponding text for each individual attending the internet-based social networking video conference, and detecting characteristics of the session from a coalesced transcript produced from the decoded text of the attending individuals for providing context to the internet-based social networking video conference session.
Nested symbol constellations representing respective services for graceful degradation in the presence of noise
Symbols representing different classes of service are assigned to different modulation schemes so that the most important service (e.g., emergency messaging) can have the most robust performance, the next important service (e.g., audio) can have robust performance and so on including various grades of video (e.g., HDTV, SDTV) becoming available with decent received RF signal power. The separate modulation constellation points can be scaled to fit inside popular square constellation points to aide receiver synchronization. In this way, graceful degradation of service is afforded in the presence of noise in the channel.
Wide dynamic range electronic image recording and reproducing system
The electronic camera has an imaging device that images a subject with subject reflectance R (%) with a dynamic range wider than that at displaying or printing to acquire image data and a recording device that converts the image data acquired by the imaging device with a predetermined function and records the converted image data and the information on the function as digital values (digit). Therefore, a printed image with an automatically or manually corrected density can be obtained at the displaying or the printing.
A television system includes an image processing module, a display and an image capturing module. The image processing module and the image capturing module are integrated in a single chip. The image processing module performs an image processing procedure on an image input to generate an output image. The display plays the output image generated by the image processing module. In response to an image capturing instruction received, the image capturing module captures the input image or the output image.
Image display device and method of controlling the same
An image display device including a main body; a flexible display unit arranged on a front side of the main body; a drive unit arranged on a rear side of the flexible display unit and configured to bend at least one part of the flexible display unit; and a controller configured to search for a user location and control the drive unit to transform the at least one part of the flexible display unit based on the searched user location.
Video creation marketplace
Systems and methods for facilitating collaboration between video creators/publishers and users in need of video creations and/or publication of videos are provided. A profile component receives and stores profile information regarding video creators. A video request component receives a request for at least creation of a video, the request indicating one or more characteristics associated with the creation of the video. A search component responds to the request and searches the profile information in connection with identifying one or more of the video creators that can create the video based on a correlation between their respective profile information and the one or more characteristics associated with the video creation.
Method of generating pixel array layout for image sensor and layout generating system using the method
A method of generating a pixel array layout for an image sensor (wherein the image sensor includes a plurality of unit pixels, and each of the plurality of unit pixels includes a plurality of transistors) includes forming each unit pixel to include a shallow trench isolation (STI). The STI is between a deep trench isolation (DTI) area and one of a p-well region and source and drain regions of each transistor. The p-well region is below a gate of each of the transistors, and the DTI area is filled with at least two materials.
Compact intensified camera module
A compact viewing device (M) has a receiving sensor assembly (10) with a display (12) that generates a visible output image (14) and an output sensor assembly (16) that receives and processes the visible output image (14) from the receiving sensor assembly (10) into an electronic image format. A wide field of view (WFOV) lens assembly (18) conveys the visible output image (14) from the receiving sensor assembly (10) to the output sensor assembly (16). The WFOV lens assembly (18) is positioned between the receiving sensor assembly (10) and the output sensor assembly (16), and has a central longitudinal axis (20) through the WFOV lens assembly (18) that is co-linear with both a central optical axis (22) of the receiving sensor assembly (10) and having an centered input sensor (42) which is co-linear with the central longitudinal axis (20).
Image processing apparatus, image processing method, and program
Provided is an image processing apparatus including an image generation unit that, from photographic images that are captured using multiple photographic parameters, generates an image of which values of the multiple photographic parameters are different from values of the photographic image.
3D cameras for HDR
High dynamic range 3D images are generated with relatively narrow dynamic range image sensors. Input frames of different views may be set to different exposure settings. Pixels in the input frames may be normalized to a common range of luminance levels. Disparity between normalized pixels in the input frames may be computed and interpolated. The pixels in the different input frames may be shifted to, or stay in, a common reference frame. The pre-normalized luminance levels of the pixels may be used to create high dynamic range pixels that make up one, two or more output frames of different views. Further, a modulated synopter with electronic mirrors is combined with a stereoscopic camera to capture monoscopic HDR, alternating monoscopic HDR and stereoscopic LDR images, or stereoscopic HDR images.
Image formats and related methods and apparatuses
Image data may be color graded, distributed and viewed on target displays. Mappings that preserve mid-range points and mid-range contrast may be applied to view the image data for color grading and to prepare the image data for display on a target display. The image data may be expanded to exploit the dynamic range of the target display without affecting mid-tone values.
Image pickup apparatus, and image correction method
To provide an image pickup apparatus which enables acquisition, by a simple configuration, of a natural image of a dark place or the like at the time of image pickup in a dark environment by eliminating an influence from the surrounding environmental light, an image pickup apparatus of the invention includes an image pickup section for picking up an image of an object and acquiring an image signal, an accumulation section for sequentially accumulating outputs from the image pickup section, a display section for visibly displaying an accumulated image signal of the accumulation section, a position identification section for identifying a position specified on an image displayed on the display section; and a correction section for performing an image correction process on the accumulated image signal of the accumulation section according to an identification result of the position identification section.
Sensor for capturing a moving material web
A sensor (1) serves for capturing the moving material web (2). It has light sources (4, 4′) and at least one light detector (10). The light sources (4, 4′) generate emission light (5) having different polarization. The polarization state of the emitted light can be influenced by selecting or mixing the emission light (5) of the light sources (4, 4′). Markings such as for example metal strips (13) in the material web (2) can thus be captured with the light detector (10) without problem.
Lens control apparatus, lens control method, image capturing apparatus, information processing apparatus, information processing method, image capturing system, and computer readable storage medium
A lens control apparatus includes an operation input unit, a communication unit, and a control unit. The operation input unit is configured to accept a user operation. The communication unit is configured to perform communication with an external apparatus. The control unit is configured to perform driving control of a zoom lens in response to a zoom operation accepted by the operation input unit or a zoom control signal received by the communication unit. The control unit is also configured to selectively set a zoom position changing speed for driving control performed in response to the zoom operation and a zoom position changing speed for driving control performed in response to the zoom control signal, the zoom position changing speeds being different from each other.
Camera module having a handshake correction function
An exemplary embodiment of the present invention includes a PCB (Printed Circuit Board) mounted with an image sensor, a plurality of coil units arranged at an upper surface of the PCB, a housing member arranged at the upper surface of the PCB and provided with a magnet at a position corresponding to that of the coil unit, and a ball guide unit arranged at a surface opposite to the PCB of the housing member.
Optical adjusting apparatus
The present disclosure relates to an optical adjusting apparatus having an optical adjusting lens for image stabilization and auto focusing, which includes a lens holder that supports the optical adjusting lens; at least one image stabilization VCM actuator unit that moves the lens holder perpendicular to an optical axis of the optical adjusting lens, the image stabilization VCM actuator unit including a magnet with a neutral zone parallel to the optical axis; and an auto focusing VCM actuator unit that moves the lens holder in an optical axis direction, the auto focusing VCM actuator unit including a magnet with a neutral zone orthogonal to the optical axis.
Electronic camera, computer readable medium recording imaging control program thereon and imaging control method
Determination is made whether or not a cross point coordinate of a zoom value and a degree of luminance belongs to the continuous imaging area of a two-dimensional coordinate plane. When the cross point coordinate is in a single imaging area, since the provability of shake occurrence is low, a first imaging processing is operated. In contrast, when the cross point coordinate is in the continuous imaging area, a shake correction flag representing the execution of the shake correction is set. A multiplane addition composition imaging is not performed uselessly under an imaging condition where the provability of shake occurrence is low. As a result, since the multiplane addition composition imaging is not performed without inevitability, it is possible to avoid a disadvantage that a useless addition processing is executed to thereby generate noise in a shot image stored in an image memory medium.
Panoramic view imaging system with laser range finding and blind spot detection
Example systems and methods acquire individual frames under a variety of different operating parameters. Example systems and methods then piece together strips of frames from the individual frames. Example systems and methods then produce a panoramic image from the strips of frames. Frames are acquired using different imaging parameters (e.g., focal length, pan position, tilt position) under different imaging conditions (e.g., temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, pan rate, tilt rate). Range information is acquired and associated with different locations (e.g., pixels) in frames. Range information may be acquired for some locations and estimated for other locations. Blind spots in a scene may be identified. Range information may then be retrieved quickly from the panoramic image or from a data structure associated with the panoramic image without having to find the range again.
360 degree multi-camera system
A 360 degree camera system includes a support structure, a plurality of image capture devices, a plurality of lens systems, and an image processing system. The image capture devices are positioned such that their height is greater than their width. The image processing system includes a rotation module for remapping the pixel addresses of the image data to join the captured images along their long edges.
Camera system dual-encoder architecture
An image capture accelerator performs accelerated processing of image data. In one embodiment, the image capture accelerator includes accelerator circuitry including a pre-processing engine and a compression engine. The pre-processing engine is configured to perform accelerated processing on received image data, and the compression engine is configured to compress processed image data received from the pre-processing engine. In one embodiment, the image capture accelerator further includes a demultiplexer configured to receive image data captured by an image sensor array implemented within, for example, an image sensor chip. The demultiplexer may output the received image data to an image signal processor when the image data is captured by the image sensor array in a standard capture mode, and may output the received image data to the accelerator circuitry when the image data is captured by the image sensor array in an accelerated capture mode.
Imaging device, imaging method, and program
An imaging device includes: an imaging unit imaging an object and generating image data of the object; a display unit displaying an image corresponding to the image data; a display controller controlling the display unit to display an expression guide image in which at least a part of expression of a face in the object has been changed; an expression determination unit determining similarity between the expressions in the image and in the expression guide image; an imaging controller controlling the imaging unit to continuously image the object until the expression determination unit determines that the expressions in the image and in the expression guide image are matched, wherein the display controller controls the display unit to display another expression guide image at a time the expression determination unit determines that the expressions in the image in the expression guide image are matched.
Image processing apparatus, image processing method, and storage medium
An image processing apparatus obtains light field data, and selects a subject. The apparatus outputs restriction information which is information for not focusing on the selected subject, and is information for restricting reconstruction of the light field data.
An imaging apparatus includes an optical system; an imaging unit; an extractor that extracts a part of a first image as a reference image, the first image being received via the imaging unit; a first detector that obtains a first similar image from within the first image, the first similar image having a characteristic similar to a characteristic of the reference image; a calculator that obtains a positional relationship between the first similar image and the reference image; a second detector that obtains a second similar image from within a second image, the second image being received via the imaging unit later than the first image, the second similar image having a characteristic similar to the characteristic of the reference image; and a position detector that detects a position of a corresponding part of the second similar image in accordance with the positional relationship.
Focus adjustment apparatus, camera system, and focus adjustment method
A focus adjustment apparatus comprising a focus detection unit to detect image phase difference information using a light flux having passed through a photographic optical system including a focus lens, and a focus adjustment unit converts first image phase difference information detected by the focus detection unit into a defocus amount using a conversion coefficient and causes the focus detection unit to detect second image phase difference information after having moved the focus lens according to the defocus amount, and corrects the conversion coefficient according to the second image phase difference information and causes a storage unit to store the corrected conversion coefficient.
Image capturing apparatus and control method thereof
An image capturing apparatus comprises an image sensor configured to receive object image light and sequentially read out image signals in a horizontal or vertical direction, a detection unit configured to detect an object region, a focus adjustment unit configured to perform focus adjustment; a storage unit configured to perform thinning processing and to sequentially store the image signals that have undergone thinning, and a calculation unit configured to filter the stored image signals, and calculate a focusing signal of a different direction from a readout direction, the storage unit increases a thinning rate of image signals in the readout direction to be greater when the object region is a second size than when the object region is a first size, the second size being larger than the first size.
Zero delay photographic synchronization system and method
A method of synchronizing a remote device to image acquisition by a camera body including detecting a predictor signal of the camera body that occurs a known time prior to shutter opening. The detected predictor signal is used to determine a time to synchronize the remote device to image acquisition via wireless communication. For example, the detected predictor signal may be used to predict when the shutter of the camera will be open. A wireless communication system for synchronizing a remote device to a camera body may include a memory having information used to synchronize the remote device to image acquisition based on the detection of the predictor signal occurring prior to a shutter opening.
Compact optic design for digital image capture devices
A compact optic design is disclosed in which an image capture device's cover glass (or other transparent material) is imbued with optic power and affixed directly to the device's housing. A lens barrel, in which one or more additional lens elements are mounted, may be aligned with the optical lens formed by the cover glass and an image sensor to provide a complete camera module.
Observation system having a plurality of probes and image capturing method therefor
An observation system has at least two probes, and each probe has a camera and an illumination light source to illuminate an observation field of the camera. The at least two probes are able to move each other such that, in an observation field of a camera of one probe, an illumination light source of another probe may locate. To avoid disturbances caused by light from the illumination light source of the another probe, and use light from an illumination light source of the one probe to enhance image quality, image capturing by a camera of the one probe is performed within a period in which an illumination light source of the one probe to which the camera belongs is activated and the illumination light source locating in the observation field of the camera is inactivated.
Electronic endoscope system
An electronic endo scope system includes a light source that emits light including at least a visible light band, an optical filter that has a transmittance peak at a particular wavelength within a continuous wavelength band including at least the visible light band and that has a transmittance distribution which is based on the transmittance peak within an entire of the continuous wavelength band except the transmittance peak, an optical filter switching unit that inserts and retracts the optical filter into and out of an illumination optical path of the light source, a color solid state image pick-up device that receives reflected light from a subject illuminated with illumination light which has passed, or not passed, through the optical filter, and an image generating unit that generates a color image displayable on a monitor by processing an imaging signal output by the solid state image pick-up device.
Camera with a reflective element
A hand-held device comprises two bodies that are connected to each other. The first body and the second body have two predefined positions, an open position and a closed position. In an embodiment, the first and the second body are connected by a hinge that may comprise one or more arms, enabling different embodiments for the open and closed positions. The first body comprises a camera that has different functions in the open and closed positions. In the closed position the second body may cover the camera, thus providing protection to the camera in the first body. The second body has a reflective element, such as a mirror that reflects an image to the camera in the open position. An imaging device may enable one camera and one flash unit for two-directional imaging purposes and introduce multiple imaging modes.
Multi-lens camera system, vehicle mounting the multi-lens camera system, and range-finding method executed by the multi-lens camera system
A multi-lens camera system includes multiple camera units including respective optical filters and image sensors that acquire a captured image via the optical filter, each of the optical filters having multiple filter regions whose optical characteristics differ respectively, and an image processor, operably connected to the multiple camera unit, to execute different types of image processing on the captured image to form an image that contains multiple image regions whose characteristics differ depending on the optical characteristics of the filter region in which they are acquired.
An electronic video camera comprises a camera body which has an objective connection for interchangeable objectives as well as at least one first side surface and one second side surface, wherein the objective connection defines a visual axis of the video camera. A first longitudinal guide is integrated into the first side face of the camera body and extends in parallel with the visual axis and a second longitudinal guide is integrated into the second side face of the camera body and extends in the same respect in parallel with the visual axis.
System and method for tone mapping of images
A method and imaging device are provided. An image is divided into N zones, and a histogram is generated for each of the N zones. A tone curve is determined for each of the N zones, where tone curve parameters including the controlling of shape and transition point of the curve are based on the histogram of each zone. A tone-mapped value for each pixel of the image is determined based on a sum of M weighted values determined by applying tone curves of M zones to a value of the pixel.
Image reading apparatus and image forming apparatus
An image reading apparatus includes an image scanning unit that is provided with a holding portion holding a flexible flat cable. The holding portion is protruded toward an upstream side in a sub scanning direction, and provided with a second wall part. The flexible flat cable that is extended from a connector is brought into contact with the second wall part. As for the flexible flat cable, a downward movement is regulated by a lower holding portion and an upward movement is regulated by an upper holding portion. Accordingly, the flexible flat cable does not rise.
Image reading apparatus and image forming apparatus equipped therewith
An image reading apparatus has a light source unit for illuminating an object to be illuminated, a reading unit for reading the object illuminated by the light source unit, a reflective unit, having at least a first reflection mirror, for reflecting reading light reflected by the object toward the reading unit, and a first light blocking portion for partially blocking light except the reading light. The first reflection mirror has a reflecting surface for reflecting the reading light, and an end surface substantially orthogonal to the reflecting surface. The first light blocking portion extends in a longitudinal direction of the first reflection mirror toward the end surface of the first reflection mirror, with a tip end of the first light blocking portion being opposed to the end surface of the first reflection mirror with a gap therebetween.
Image reading device that determines size of document and image forming apparatus having the same
An image reading device includes a plate on which a document to be scanned is placed, a cover that is movable between an open position and a closed position at which the cover contacts the document, a position detecting unit configured to detect a position of the cover, an imaging unit configured to emit light towards the plate and having an image sensor configured to detect light reflected by the document, and a control unit configured to determine a size of the document based on a detection result of the position detecting unit and a detection result of the image sensor.
Image forming apparatus having a control unit to control and move a read unit
The image forming apparatus includes an image forming unit for forming an image on a recording material; an original read unit for reading an original at a read position facing a conveyance path in which the recording material and the original are to be conveyed selectively, and a control unit for switching a position of the original read unit to a position different from the read position during a period in which the recording material is being conveyed along the conveyance path.
Image forming apparatus
An image forming apparatus includes a control unit and first and second image scanning devices. The first and second image scanning devices scan the same surface of the same sheet with an image formed thereon on a sheet-conveying pathway. The image forming apparatus adjusts an image forming condition based on information acquired through the scan by the first and second image scanning devices. The first image scanning device scans only a part of an area in the main scanning direction. The second image scanning device scans an area across the image forming width in the main scanning direction. The control unit detects an anomalous value based on the information acquired through the scan by the second image scanning device, and prompts cleaning of the first and second image scanning devices in response to detection of the anomalous value.
Operation console, control method thereof and image forming apparatus
In an operation unit, a display panel displays a two-sided copy setting screen image including a still image display area on which a plurality of software keys (two-sided copy setting keys) corresponding to respective ones of a plurality of processes (one-sided/one-sided copy process, one-sided/two-sided copy process, two-sided/two-sided copy process and two-sided/one-sided copy process), for selecting any of the plurality of processes, are displayed. A touch-panel receives an input operation to the plurality of software keys. In response to the touch-panel receiving the input operation, a CPU displays, on a movie display area different from the still image display area of the two-sided copy setting screen image, an image representing contents of the selected process in a prescribed state.
Information processing apparatus and control method of the information processing apparatus
The present invention is directed to an information processing apparatus in which a waiting time for waiting image data in the information processing apparatus can be adjusted, as much as possible, to a time period during which the image data read by the image reading apparatus is acquired by the information processing apparatus through a file sharing system.When the apparatus determines that an image reading setting which matches a setting registration name set to the PC by a user according to a registration operation of the image reading setting is applied, the PC changes the sharing condition of the shared file folder to an open state. Then, when the apparatus determines that the image reading setting is no longer applied or the image is not currently read, the PC changes the sharing condition of the shared file folder to a private state.
Method for tracking theme-based digital assets for clients engaged in image-based project creation through an electronic interface
A system rendering theme-based digital assets used in creating and editing image and or text-based projects searchable through a graphics user interface (GUI) includes a server connected to a network, the server having access to least one processor and a data repository, the server including a non-transitory physical medium, and software running from the non-transitory physical medium, the software providing, a first function for tagging each template with multiple tag words relative to template content and function, a second function for forming tag groups from the template tags, a third function for providing a search engine for searching for templates using one or a grouping of the tag words as search input.
Systems and methods for matching call detail records for the same communication generated by different elements of an IP telephony system
Call detail records (CDRs) that are generated by different elements of an IP telephony system in connection with the same communication can be matched to one another using timing information contained in the CDRs. Other information in addition to timing information, and which is present in two CDRs relating to the same communication may be used in conjunction with timing information to match CDRs from the same communication. Also, information relating to the type of flow path that a communication follows through the elements of an IP telephony system may also be recorded in a final CDR that is created for each communication.
Method using array microphone to cancel echo
A method using an may microphone to cancel echo applies to a sound receiving system and comprises steps: an array microphone receiving a sound source and outputting a plurality of analog acoustic signals formed from the sound source; an A/D converter converting the analog acoustic signals into a plurality of digital acoustic signals; a digital signal processor respectively using an adaptive beamforming process and a blocking matrix filtering process to convert the digital acoustic signals into a primary acoustic signal and at least one noise signal; and the digital signal processor using a multiple-input cancelling process to subtract the noise signal from the primary acoustic signal to obtain an acoustic signal where the echo has been cancelled. Thereby, the present invention can eliminate the systematic errors of the array microphone of the sound receiving system and improves the robustness of the acoustic signal.
Clustering of audio streams in a 2D / 3D conference scene
The present document relates to methods and systems for setting up and managing two-dimensional or three-dimensional scenes for audio conferences. A conference controller (111, 175) configured to place L upstream audio signals (123, 173) within a 2D or 3D conference scene to be rendered to a listener (211) is described. The conference controller (111, 175) is configured to set up a X-point conference scene; assign L upstream audio signals (123, 173) to X talker locations (212); determine a maximum number N of downstream audio signals (124, 174) to be transmitted to the listener (211); determine N downstream audio signals (124, 174) from the L assigned upstream audio signals (123, 173); determine N updated talker locations for the N downstream audio signals (124, 174); and generate metadata identifying the updated talker locations and enabling an audio processing unit (121, 171) to generate a spatialized audio signal.
Controlling conference calls
Embodiments of the present invention provide a method and system for determining participants for a conference call where the participants may be selected based on similar attributes as well as the descriptions of the conference call. Additionally, the conference call may be split into smaller breakout sessions, further separating the participants based on various attributes. Further, the conference call participants may be shuffled thereby creating different breakout sessions with different participants with like attributes. The conference call including the selected participants is initiated.
Service request routing using passive skill certification
In a data processing system coupled for communication to a plurality of agent terminals, a message is received indicating that an agent associated with the agent terminal handled a service request utilizing a skill in which the agent is not indicated as certified by an agent database of the data processing system. In response to receipt of the message, the data processing system updates in the agent database an agent skill record indicative of an amount of utilization of the skill by the agent in handling service requests. The data processing system compares the amount of utilization of the skill by the agent to a threshold. In response to a favorable comparison, the data processing system updates the agent skill record to indicate certification of the agent in the skill. The data processing system performs skill-based routing in a contact center by reference to the agent skill record.
Systems and methods for an omni-channel routing broker
Omni-channel routing broker technology is usable to improve the experience for customers and for workers using service channels, especially for very large enterprise service operation centers that have large pools of agents, helping businesses determine the relative priority for handling a variety of service channels, and to efficiently route issues accordingly. Omni-channel routing broker includes intelligent routing of service requests in a large, distributed service center operation, efficiently prioritizing the routing of work across organizations to agents based on availability, capacity and priority—in a multi-tenant environment. The disclosed methods are usable for managing digital data for many tenants to software instances, including groups of users who share common access with a specific set of privileges to a software instance of at least one application. The disclosed technology makes possible the delivery of an improved performance from routing 3-4 requests per second to routing 100 requests per second.
Merging multiple emergency calls and information therefrom at emergency systems
Public safety access points (PSAP), such as 911 and e911 service providers, are often overwhelmed with information coming from a number of callers. As part of an initial assessment, a determination is often made as to whether two or more callers are calling about the same emergent event. If two or more callers are calling about the same emergent event, the callers and PSAP may interact at the same time via a data channel operable to convey one or more of text, voice, video, still images, video images, location information, and social media content. As a benefit, PSAP resource may obtain a more complete knowledge of the emergent situation and better coordinate mitigation activities for the emergent event.
Unified method and apparatus to simplify telephone area code dialing
A computerized method and related system and software for simplifying telephonic calling, comprising: designating a default destination area code; the user specifying a destination telephone number; and as a default, causing the call to be signaled using the designated default destination area code in combination with the specified destination telephone number, without the user entering the designated default destination area code when specifying the destination telephone number.
Inbound calls to intelligent controlled-environment facility resident media and/or communications devices
Inbound call processing systems and methods for processing inbound calls to controlled-environment facility resident media and/or communications devices employ an inbound resident call server configured to host inbound calling accounts established by non-residents, receive inbound calls from the non-residents, route the inbound calls to an authenticating server, confirm that the resident device is active, and connect the inbound resident call system with the resident device if active or inform the non-resident the resident is not available if not. The inbound resident call server also connects the non-resident inbound call with the resident device if the non-resident is associated with the inbound calling account, the inbound calling account is associated with an address identifier of the resident device and the resident's personal identification number is associated with the address identifier of the resident device, all of which may be authenticated by the authenticating server.
Mobile device with side by side multitasking and applications
The cellular telephones/mobile devices of the present invention may be configured with multiple general purpose and special purpose processors to perform a number of varied functions and multi-tasking. The present invention provides for the viewing of two separate television programs or other content side by side on each of the display areas enabling the user to multiplex between two distinct functions and tasks. As another example the user may contemporaneously work on two computational intensive tasks on each of said display areas. Two display areas may be configured as touch sensitive display areas for independently actuating one or more types of functions and utilities from each side. The mobile device may be enabled with a cellular voice and data communication. WiFi connectivity, Bluetooth connectivity, and Internet Protocol connectivity.
Notifications with custom user interface
Notifications for an accessory device are received at a mobile companion device. The notifications are directed to a notification processing application of the companion device that processes notifications intended for accessory device applications. The notification processing application determines an identifier of the accessory application for which the notification is intended, and provides the identifier to a notification display application at the accessory device, which determines user interface and display properties for the notification. The accessory device requests external (dynamic) user interface and display properties from the companion device, as needed, and upon receipt generates a notification display at the accessory device.
Mobile information processing apparatus
A mobile information communication apparatus includes a data processing device for sending plotting command/data to a display control device that controls the pixels of a display panel belonging to the mobile information communication apparatus. An interface device is provided which receives the plotting command/data generated by the data processing device and sends, based on plotting command/data, an external display signal to the external display device. The data processing device and the interface device are configured to send, from the interface device, a higher-resolution external display signal.
Mobile terminal and method of displaying image using the same
The present invention provides a mobile terminal and a method of displaying an image using the same. A method of displaying an image includes connecting a mobile terminal displaying an image on a screen to a display apparatus through a TV-out cable; terminating the display of the image on the screen by the mobile terminal and displaying supplementary information of the image on the mobile terminal; and displaying the image in the display apparatus by transmitting the image from the mobile terminal to the display apparatus through the TV-out cable. By utilizing a display apparatus for displaying an image, and a display screen of a mobile terminal as a space for controlling the image and displaying supplementary information of the image file, the convenience of a user of the mobile terminal is improved.
Method and apparatus for providing privacy for telephone conversations
A method and apparatus for providing privacy for telephone conversations over communication networks is disclosed. For example, a telephony endpoint device comprises a microphone for receiving an audio signal and a gain boost circuit, coupled to the microphone, for applying a gain boost to the audio signal. The telephony endpoint device also comprises a switch, coupled to the gain boost circuit, wherein operating the switch will control whether the gain boost is to be applied to the audio signal.
Browser on test equipment
A portable telecommunication test set with a web browser incorporated therein is provided. A standard Hyper Text Mark-up Language or Wireless Application Protocol browser may be incorporated within the portable test set, allowing a network technician to access the Internet as well as other remotely-located sources of information to retrieve data and other useful technical information while in the field for communication network or telephone line maintenance, troubleshooting or repair. The test set may contain memory to locally store certain technical information that may be retrieved and “read” by the built-in browser module when prompted by the network technician. The web browser may display the content of the requested information on a display provided on the test set. Line-specific (as well as manufacturer-specific) test information need not be in a manufacturer-dictated proprietary format. Testing-related data may thus be supplied by a vendor other than the manufacturer of the test set.
Virtual reality viewer and input mechanism
The present invention concerns virtual reality viewers for use with touchscreen enabled mobile devices. The virtual reality viewer comprises: a housing configured to receive a mobile electronic device within an interior of the housing; and an input mechanism that is accessible from an exterior of the housing and that is moveable within the interior between a first position and an extended position, wherein a surface of the input mechanism is configured to contact the touch-screen of the mobile electronic device when in the extended position. The disclosed systems and methods facilitate receiving user inputs on the exterior of the housing and providing the user inputs to the touchscreen within the housing using the electro-mechanical input mechanism. Accordingly, the viewer can be used with a variety of smartphones without requiring magnetic switches or a wireless/cable connection between the input device and the smartphone.
Light guided alignment for semi-automated seal application
In one embodiment, a method of installing a component in an electronic device is described. A light source shines a light through an aperture of on one end of the electronic device. A light sensor positioned on the opposite end moves with a fixture having the component. When the light sensor determines a central portion of the light, the fixture and the component may be aligned with the aperture of the electronic device, and the fixture installs the component. In another embodiment, a method of detecting proper installment of the component is described. A microphone may be used to detect sound transmission from a speaker which transmits sound through the aperture. If the microphone detects sounds from an interface region between the component and the housing, the component is not properly installed.
There is provided a vibrator including: a housing having an internal space and having at least one through-hole formed therein; a vibrator disposed in the housing and vibrating; and an impact damping member installed on at least one of outer surfaces of the housing and damping impact, wherein the vibrator has protrusions disposed thereon so as to correspond to the through-hole and contacting the impact damping member while penetrating the through-hole at the time of external impact.
Image distribution for dynamic server pages inserting client side file name and image display location
A server can efficiently distribute images for a web page as groups of images. The server receives a request from a client for a group of images associated with a web page. The request encodes an image group identifier and a retrieving function. The server executes the retrieving function with the image group identifier to obtain the group of images. In response to the request, the group of images are transmitted over a number of data communication connections between the client and the server that are less than a number of images in the group of images.
Log streaming facilities for computing applications
To facilitate log streaming in a computing cloud, application service providers may dynamically provision one or more named log streams. A file-oriented interface to log streams may be made available to a plurality of virtual computer system instances used to provide the application services. Application service providers may further dynamically provision one or more sets of log stream processing agents arranged in one or more log stream processing graphs. Particular log streams may be assigned to particular log stream processing graphs for real-time processing. Processed log streams and/or associated data may be stored for later inspection. Such provisioning and/or configuration may be performed with a unified Web-based interface.
Automated content submission to a share site
Methods, systems, and computer-readable media for remotely submitting content to a website without navigating to the website are provided. The website is a content-sharing website that accepts public content submissions and makes the content available to multiple users. Initially, a client application may download remote-content-submission instructions from the website. Subsequently, the client application may follow the instructions to format a remote content submission and communicate it to the website.
Collaborative expertise networking system and method
Embodiments are directed to an apparatus or method that includes among other features, a search engine configured to permit a user to search the profiles of other users, a storage medium configured to store the profile of the users such that the profiles include at least one of text, picture, audio and video, wherein the profile displays tasks that were performed by the user in the past and a team creation module configured to form a team of a group of users such that a skill for performing a task associated with the group of users is generated based on the combined skill of the group of users.
Analytics caching based on users connected
Data is cached at a mobile communication site, such as a cell phone mast or tower computer. The caching is based on collection of “live data,” such as the number of communication devices (for example, cell phones) connected in data communication directly to the site, information known about users of the various communication devices connected directly to the site, etc. By caching data that is likely to be useful to the users before it is actually requested, the information can be supplied from the site to the directly connected users more quickly when it is later requested.
System, apparatus for content delivery for internet traffic and methods thereof
In one embodiment, a method of serving media includes receiving a request to serve a cacheable media content to a user equipment at a second media server deployed in a second layer2 access network. The request is received around when the user equipment is handed-off from a first layer2 node in a first layer2 access network to a second layer2 node in the second layer2 access network and when a streaming session of the cacheable media content to the user equipment from a first media server is terminated. The method further includes determining if the cacheable media content is stored in a cache of the second media server, and serving the cacheable media content from the cache of the second media server to the user equipment if the media content is stored in the cache of the second media server.
Method and apparatus for accessing an enterprise resource planning system via a mobile device
A method and apparatus for accessing an enterprise resource planning system via a mobile device is described. In one embodiment, the method includes parsing data from a host application access application into at least one object in an application-specific format, converting the data into an intermediate format that is compatible with a mobile device and communicating the converted data to the mobile device.
Web navigation using web navigation pattern histories
Web navigation pattern histories are used to navigate to a plurality of visited web sites. A navigation map is generated comprised of a node for each visited web site. Each node in the navigation map is connected by an edge to at least one other node in the navigation map, and the edge is associated with the link from the given visited web site to the next web site. For each visited web site, the corresponding node stores an address for the given web site, a relevance rating for the given visited web site, a link from the given visited web site to a next web site and optionally a title of the web site. A presentation of a node in the navigation map is based on the relevance rating. A plurality of navigation maps for a plurality of users can be merged by identifying navigation maps having similar search goals.
Mobile device, method of activating application, and program
A mobile device includes a storage unit which stores application specification information that specifies an application to be activated in association with movement information that is a combination of a movement source and a movement destination, a position information acquisition unit which repeatedly acquires current position information of a user, and a control unit that calculates a movement direction of the user based on a history of the position information that the position information acquisition unit acquires, selects any one of the movement information that is stored in the storage unit based on the calculated movement direction and the current position information of the user, reads the application specification information associated with the selected movement information from the storage unit, and activates the application associated with the application specification information that is read.
Networked projection display adapter
A networked projector system includes a projection display device, a projector computer, and a network adapter. The projector computer negotiates an IP address of a local network, and periodically broadcasts the IP address on the local network. The network adapter connects with a client on the local network with the IP address.
Advanced network characterization
Some embodiments include a method for determining whether to establish a connection between a computer and a network. In some embodiments, the method includes: receiving first network information from a network; determining a first trust level for the network by matching the network information to provisioning information, wherein the provisioning information indicates the first trust level and an authentication method of the network; verifying that network supports the authentication method, wherein the verifying includes exchanging information with the network; after verifying that the network supports the authentication method, establishing a connection to the network, wherein the connection provides access to an Internet.
Facilities management system
Disclosed is a facilities management system that utilizes embedded maps in nested facilities management devices. The facilities management devices are connected to a network and are linked in map images that indicate the location of the facilities management devices, as well as the locations of sensors. In addition, the links indicate the existence of an alarm condition, so that users can drill down on the links to locate a sensor that has created the alarm condition. The facilities management system utilizes various management systems and various protocols to provide a wide range of options for facilities managers.
Optimizing resource downloads or streams using a collection of trusted network connected endpoints
In an approach to improving resource downloads, one or more computer processors detect a request to download a resource from an original source to a user's computing device. The one or more computer processors determine a cost of the download of the requested resource from the original source. The one or more computer processors determine whether the cost of the download of the requested resource from the original source exceeds a predefined threshold. The one or more computer processors determine a group of trusted network connected endpoints. The one or more computer processors determine whether the requested resource exists in the group of trusted network connected endpoints. Responsive to determining the requested resource exists in the group of trusted network connected endpoints, the one or more computer processors download the requested resource from at least one of the trusted network connected endpoints.
Hardware resource accessing systems and methods for accessing hardware resources in browser-based operating systems and machine-readable storage medium thereof
Methods for accessing hardware resources in an electronic device with a browser-based operating system (OS) which includes a user interface running in a browser are provided. A local server is first provided on the electronic device, wherein the local server has a corresponding URL and a dedicated network port. Then, upon receiving a service request from the client-side web application, the local server analyzes a service type of the service request and performs an operation to at least one of the hardware resources corresponding to the service type, wherein the service request is generated and directed to the local server according to the URL and the dedicated network port of the local server by the client-side web application on the electronic device.
Transportable private cloud computing platform and associated method of use
The present invention is a transportable private cloud computing platform, having a rack, several servers, a system management server, an interface device, a network switch, a power supply circuit, and a transit case. The present invention also includes a method for initializing the transportable private cloud computing platform, and a method for migrating software applications to the transportable private cloud computing platform.
Method and apparatus providing synchronization and control for server-based multi-screen videoconferencing
A videoconferencing system in which multiple browsers are utilized to present content and control functions for a server based videoconference. The content of the videoconference (e.g., video and audio streams) is presented on a display device driven by a local computer running a browser. The local computer also runs a separate browser that presents control functions on a different display device (e.g., a touch screen). The system can be scaled to include additional monitors and browsers running on the local computer. A local server is provided on the local computer for facilitating communications among the locally running browsers. In this manner, the browsers can communicate with each other via the local server executing on the local computer. The need to send traffic to a remote server to effectuate the browser-to-browser communication is eliminated. This provides for reduced latency and lowers the demands on the remote server.
Providing services to multiple tenants of an application
A method, system and computer program product for providing a service to multiple tenants of an application. Responsive to receiving from a client of a tenant a request, a tenant context of the tenant is bound to the request. With respect to an access to an isolation point of the application in the request, the access to the isolation point is redirected to a partition based on the tenant context bound to the request. The partition may be pre-established for the tenant with respect to the application. Hence, it is possible to provide a multi-tenant solution in a convenient, fast, and cost-effective way, and, in turn, to achieve resource sharing to a greater extent and enhance the resource efficiency.
Remote data access permission using remote premises monitoring
One embodiment of a source device being able to monitor the premises of a target device before and after permission from the source device is granted to the target device for it to view a data which is currently inaccessible to the target device. The source device is also able to remotely and dynamically deny the target device access to the data after access has been granted, within a reasonable time of viewing an interesting image transmitted from the target device to the source device in correspondence to the premises monitoring process.
System and method for distributing web events via distribution channels
A system, method, and computer program for distributing web events via distribution channels are provided. A web event is established in an origination channel. One or more parameters associated with the web content may be identified. The web event is then added to one or more distribution channels based on the one or more parameters. The web event is then distributed to one or more identified users via the one or more distribution channels.
Remote conference system and non-transitory computer readable medium storing program for remote conference
A communication device obtains video data. The video data includes a plurality of inter-frame coded image data and a plurality of intra-frame coded image data. The communication device displays a portion of a video layout region on a video display region of a display of the communication device. A plurality of captured images, reproduced from video data, is laid out in the video layout region. When a specific captured image is not included in the video display region, the communication device determines update frequency information. The update frequency information sets at least a portion of the plurality of inter-frame coded image data included in specific video data, corresponding to the specific captured image, as a non-target for transmission. The communication device transmits the update frequency information via a communication unit of the communication device.
Method and apparatus for reproducing content in multimedia data providing system
A content reproducing method is provided for continuously reproducing content being reproduced by a client device in another client device in a multimedia data providing system including a server for providing content and a plurality of client devices for reproducing the content provided by the server. The method includes reproducing, by a first device, multimedia content being streamed by a content server; and transmitting, by the first device, a first request message for continuously reproducing content being reproduced by the first device in another device and an IDentification (ID) of the first device to another device using local area communication in order to continuously reproduce the content being reproduced by the first device in another device.
Computer readable recording medium, communication terminal device and teleconferencing method
Image data corresponding to an image captured by a communication terminal device is transmitted from a communication unit of the communication terminal device which is connected to a network to a counter party device which is a counter party of the teleconference. An image display setting indicating whether the captured image is displayed in the counter party device is acquired, according to transmission of the image data. When it is determined that the captured image is in a first state, and the image display setting indicating that the captured image is displayed is acquired, notification information is output from a notification unit of the communication terminal device. When it is determined that the captured image is in a second state, and the image display setting indicating that the captured image is not displayed is acquired, notification information is not output from the notification unit.
Method and apparatus for S.I.P./H.323 interworking
An interworking function (IWF) for a first and second protocol based network, for example, an H.323 protocol based network and an SIP protocol based network comprises an interworking gateway server including a state machine for defining each call processing state and a translation table for use in translating addresses formatted in each protocol. A method of interworking for use in interworking between said first protocol based network and said second protocol based network comprises the steps of receiving at said interworking gateway server serving said first and second protocol based networks a request from an endpoint in the first or second protocol based networks, establishing a state machine in memory whereby, for each state of said state machine, a message associated with that state is categorized as one of a triggering message, a non-triggering message and an error message, establishing a translation table in said memory whereby an address formatted in said first protocol has a one-for-one correspondence with an address formatted in said second protocol, processing said request in accordance with said translation table and said state machine and permitting communication between said first and second endpoints utilizing a realtime transport protocol. In the event media is terminated at said interworking gateway server, the interworking gateway server, in one embodiment, comprises a media switching fabric for switching media terminated at the gateway to an addressed endpoint capable of receiving it.
Method for repurposing of communications cryptographic capabilities
A system and method for repurposing of cryptographic capabilities in an electronic warfare (EW) environment is presented. A method begins by determining in a client system a cryptographic function to be performed; however, the client system does not have any cryptographic functionality. The client system then requests the cryptographic function be performed in a cryptographic logic that is physically secured with the client system and is external to the client system. The cryptographic logic performs the cryptographic function to produce a cryptographic result. The cryptographic result is then provided to the client system.
Dynamic expression evaluation based grouping of VM objects for networking and security services in a virtualized computing system
Techniques for grouping virtual machine (VM) objects for networking and security services in a virtualized computing system are described. In one example embodiment, VM attributes and identity attributes are obtained from a virtual center and an identity server, respectively. One or more desired security groups are then formed based on security requirements of the virtualized computing system. A user defined dynamic expression is then associated with the one or more security groups. One or more expression attributes are then determined by evaluating the user defined dynamic expression using the obtained VM attributes and identity attributes. VM objects are then grouped based on the determined one or more expression attributes. The grouped VM objects are then associated with the created one or more security groups for providing the networking and security services.
Authorization server access system
Systems and techniques are provided for authorizing restricted action (e.g., data access) requests using a tiered arrangement. A rule set is generated based on a policy received by an authorization server and is transmitted to a broker associated with an enterprise server. A restricted action request is received by an agent associated with the enterprise server and is provided to the broker associated with the enterprise server. The broker analyzes the request in view of the rule set and determines if the restricted action request should be granted or denied. The policy and/or rule set are updated based on activities and/or events within the system and a new rule set is generated based on the updated policy.
Unwanted tunneling alert system
Various systems and methods are provided that detect malicious network tunneling. For example, VPN logs and data connection logs may be accessed. The VPN logs may list client IP addresses that have established a VPN connection with an enterprise network. The data connection logs may list client IP addresses that have requested connections external to the enterprise network and remote IP addresses to which connections are requested. The VPN logs and the data connection logs may be parsed to identify IP addresses that are present in the VPN logs as a client IP address and in the data connection logs as a remote IP address. If an IP address is so present, user data and traffic data associated with the IP address may be retrieved to generate a risk score. If the risk score exceeds a threshold, an alert to be displayed in a GUI is generated.
System and method for non-disruptive mitigation of messaging fraud
A system and method are disclosed herein for providing mitigation of fraud in a hosted messaging service while having minimal impact on authorized messaging users. The method includes a system for detecting potential fraud based on multiple and configurable fraud indicators as well as historical data, which can be customized for individual users or groups. The system can terminate in-process messages that are potentially fraudulent and reset the network access credentials for the affected user accounts or devices that have been potentially compromised. The system uses historical data to block further messages from the compromised user accounts or devices to specific destination addresses where the presumed fraudulent messaging activity was directed. In a further aspect, the system and method can automatically reset the network access credentials for authorized users with minimal downtime.
System to identify machines infected by malware applying linguistic analysis to network requests from endpoints
A method to identify machines infected by malware is provided. The method includes determining whether a universal resource locator in a network request is present in a first cache and determining whether a fully qualified domain name from the uniform resource locator is present in a second cache. The method includes evaluating a parent hostname as to suspiciousness. The method includes indicating the computing device has a likelihood of infection, responsive to one of: the universal resource locator being present in the first cache with a first indication of suspiciousness, the fully qualified domain name being present in the second cache with a second indication of suspiciousness, or the evaluating the parent hostname having a third indication of suspiciousness, wherein at least one method operation is performed by the processor. A system and computer readable media are provided.
Identifying a behavior of a service is disclosed. A predetermined interrogation packet that corresponds to a hypothesis is sent to a network communication port of a receiver. The predetermined packet is one of a plurality of predetermined interrogation packets sent to the network communication port. The hypothesis is consistent with a behavior of a corresponding service. The predetermined interrogation packet invites an expected action. The expected action is detected. It is determined that the behavior of the service that corresponds to the hypothesis is operating.
Location-based security system for portable electronic device
A location-dependent security method and system for a portable electronic device is disclosed. Without requiring that the user enter any location information, the system determines one or more familiar areas for the device based on locations where the device has received at least a threshold amount of successful user authentication entries. Thereafter, when a user attempts to access the device or an application of the device, the device will implement a first authentication process if the device is in one of the familiar areas, or a different authentication process if the device is not in one of the familiar areas.
Increased communication security
A method of increasing communication security may include receiving a first message associated with communication between a first computer system and a second computer system, wherein the receiving further includes receiving the first message at a third computer system. The method may also include performing, at the third computer system, processing associated with the first message. The method may also include generating, responsive to the processing, a second message including a first data portion and a second data portion, wherein the first data portion is associated with a security token, wherein the first data portion includes a first instance of a session key, and wherein the second data portion includes a second instance of the session key. The method may further include communicating the second message from the third computer system for deliver to the first computer system.
Method and apparatus for providing value-based resource management and admission control
An approach for providing value-based resource management and admission control is described. A value-based platform may receive a request from a user or a service provider to access an asset, a service, or a combination thereof. The value-based platform may further apply a policy rule to account information associated with the user to determine a user value score. The value-based platform may also generate prioritization information for admitting the user to the asset, the service, or a combination thereof based on the user value score.
Bi-directional communication over a one-way link
Apparatus for communication includes a single one-way link, which is physically capable of carrying the communication signals in one direction and incapable of carrying the communication signals in the opposite direction. Ancillary circuitry is coupled so as to cause the single one-way link to convey both first communication signals from a first station to a second station and second communication signals from the second station to the first station.
Two dimensional direct memory access scheme for enhanced network protocol processing performance
Systems and methods are directed to a memory device that includes a plurality of memory buffers and a direct memory access (DMA) descriptor structure. The DMA descriptor structure comprises a transfer command and associated data transfer information and encryption/decryption information that is configured in a two dimensional, tree-linked structure. A DMA controller that is communicatively coupled to the memory device transfers data to/from the memory buffers and encrypts/decrypts the data based on the transfer command and data transfer information and encryption/decryption information provided by the two dimensional, tree-linked DMA descriptor structure.
Confidential information access via social networking web site
A server computing device for a social networking web site receives from a user, via access of the web site, confidential information regarding the user, including information that the user does not socially share on the web site. The device associates the confidential information with a user identifier that uniquely identifies the user on the web site, and with an export group identifier corresponding to a type of the confidential information. The device associates the export group identifier with a password different from a user password the user employs to access the web site. The device receives, from a third party, a purported user identifier, a purported export group identifier, and a purported password, which the device validates against the user identifier, the export group identifier, and the password. Where validation is successful, the device permits access to the confidential information by the third party.
System and method for controlling access
Systems and methods for controlling access to multiple applications on a computing device are provided. One embodiment of a system includes an access device configured to: receive a request to access a first application and a device identifier; authenticate the user using a user credential associated with the user and store the device identifier in association with a login identifier in response to authentication of the user. The access device can be further configured to receive a request to access a second application and the device identifier. The access device can allow access to the second application based on the previous authentication of the user.
Method and apparatus for sharing server resources using a local group
A computer implemented method and apparatus for sharing server resources. One or more applications are registered to a first local group on a device, and one or more applications are registered to a second local group on the device. If a user and device have been authenticated, and a device token already acquired for obtaining authorization for a first application of the first local group to access resources from a server, the same device token is available for use in obtaining authorization for a second application of the first group to access (share) resources from the server. Thus, the user need not re-submit authentication credentials to the authorization server. When the user signs out of an application of the same group, the sign out procedure is processed locally for all applications of the group. A device token is surrendered when it is not needed by applications of any other group.
A programmed computer assigns an authentication requirement rating to an activity and an authentication capability rating to each of one or more authentication methods. The programmed computer receives a request from a user to perform the activity and a first authentication sample result based on a first authentication attempt performed by the user using a first authentication method. The programmed computer determines a current authentication rating for the user based on the authentication capability rating of the first authentication method and the first authentication sample result. The programmed computer then determines whether to allow the user to perform the requested activity based on a comparison of the authentication requirement rating associated with the activity requested by the user and the current authentication rating determined for the user. The programmed computer provides a final authentication result.
Memory encryption method compatible with a memory interleaved system and corresponding system
A method for managing an operation of an encrypted global interleaved memory space physically implemented according to an interleaving addressing scheme in encrypted memory banks of a plurality of memories respectively belonging to a plurality of channels. The method includes providing each channel with a local address pointer configured to be incrementally moved along the global memory space each time the global memory space is addressed at the current address pointed by the pointer, and in an absence of movement of the local pointer of a channel during a time period, addressing the global memory space from the channel through the address interleaving with a specific transaction at the current address, and upon reception at the channel of the specific transaction having been initiated by the channel, re-encrypting data located at the current address with a new encryption key and incrementing the local address pointer to its next position.
Secure message forwarding system detecting user's preferences including security preferences
A system and method for providing secure message services. The system includes a forwarding service to receive message for delivery to a recipient. The system checks for preferences for delivery of the message content including encryption preferences and notifies the recipient or delivers the message according to the encryption preferences. The system includes an interoperability engine to determine delivery preferences including security preferences, the security preferences indicating a security protocol by which the message can be securely delivered to the recipient.
Interactive educational system and method
A system for associating an action of a user with a message corresponding to the action, where the message is visually displayed on a series of sequentially disposed discrete mats. The message is uttered by the user and the message is verified using a speech analyzer. The system includes at least two mats, each mat having a display, a transmitter, a receiver, and a presence sensor indicating the presence of the user and configured to indicate the intention of the user to add an answer to a composite answer. The system also includes an audio receiver that receives an audio input from the user and an indicator device that indicates whether the mat is a head mat.
Managing an E-mail response
A method for managing an e-mail response based on the e-mail domains of the recipients is provided. The method receives a first e-mail sent to a plurality of e-mail addresses that includes e-mails with different domain names, provides a list of different domain names associated with a plurality of e-mail addresses and an e-mail address of a sender of the first e-mail, generates, based on a selection of one or more of the different domain names, a distribution list including one or more e-mail addresses limited to e-mail addresses having a selected domain name, and providing the distribution list in an addressee field associated with the e-mail response.
Method of alerting a user of important events from a plurality of sources and a system thereof
Embodiments of the present invention relate to event notifications on an end-user device of events that are important to a user of the device. The user is typically subscribed to a service that pulls events from a plurality of sources indicated by the user. The sources include a native address book on the device, a social network(s), a professional network(s), and/or another remote location(s) on the Internet. Around the occurrence of an event, the service allows for automatically generating an electronic wish and for purchasing a gift to be presented to one or more recipients associated with the event. The service can transmit the content in various forms and can include a monetizing scheme. The service is able to intelligently determine which events are important to the user such to alert the user of only those relevant events, and to intelligently select an appropriate channel for transmitting the content.
System, method and computer program product for the delivery of media content
A system, method and computer program product are provided for delivering media content. The system includes at least one recipient that may be associated with at least one recipient rule. The system also includes a sending entity capable of transmitting a multimedia message addressed to the recipients. The sending entity can also specify delivery rules in the message. In this regard, the multimedia message includes media content. The system further includes a network entity capable of receiving the multimedia message and identifying any recipient rules, sending entity rules and/or network rules associated with the multimedia message. The network entity can then deliver the media content to the recipients based upon respective rules. The network entity can also be capable of processing the media content based upon the rules before delivering the media content, such as by transcoding or truncating at least a portion of the media content prior to delivery.
Reference notification method and apparatus
A method and an apparatus of reference notification comprises obtaining an instant message that is sent from a sending user. A contact is selected that satisfies a predetermined criterion from contacts of the sending user. For the selected contact, content is determined that is of interest to the selected contact, and content is found that is of interest and is included in the obtained instant message based on the determined content of interest. Based on the found content of interest, a reference notification message is sent to a contact corresponding to the found content of interest, for notifying the contact that the content of interest is referenced. By using the technical scheme of the present disclosure, the problems of existing technologies that a user cannot accurately and quickly determine whether an instant message references content with which he/she is concerned are solved.
Network address translation for virtual machines
Methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on a computer storage medium, for receiving an outbound packet from a virtual machine executing on the data processing apparatus, the packet having header information including a destination Internet Protocol (IP) address, a destination port, a source IP address, and a source port, and wherein the source IP address and source port are associated with the virtual machine; selecting a different port than the source port from a plurality of ports associated with the virtual machine; changing the source port in the header information to the selected port; and sending the modified packet to an external network by way of a gateway that is configured to change the source IP address of the packet to an IP address of the gateway before routing the packet to its destination.
VPC auto configuration
Techniques for configuring a virtual network device are provided. Embodiments identify a network device profile specifying a virtual link teaming domain. Upon receiving a network message advertising the virtual link teaming domain from a peer network device of the two or more network devices, on a plurality of links of the first network device, the plurality of links are teamed, based on the virtual link teaming domain, to create a first link bundle. Embodiments advertise a virtual link teaming identifier to a neighboring network device of the first network device. Here, the neighboring network device is configured to use the virtual link teaming identifier to bundle links between the neighboring network device and the virtual network device.
Non-transparent bridge method and apparatus for configuring high-dimensional PCI-express networks
The descriptions presented herein include explanation of high-dimensional PCI-Express (PCIe) network implementations. The new approaches can facilitate utilization of an efficient protocol (e.g., PCIe, etc.) while enabling implementation of various characteristics and features (e.g., characteristics and features similar to a fat-tree topology, CLOS topology, 2D and 3D topologies, etc.) that would otherwise not be compatible with the protocol. For example, implementation of alternative paths can be enabled and utilized while maintaining compliance with a protocol (e.g., PCIe, etc.) that would otherwise not be compatible with the use of alternative paths. The alternative paths can facilitate flexible topology implementation and network domain scaling while enabling improved communication latency. In one embodiment, presented systems and methods facilitate utilization of a non-transparent bridge circuit configured as an end-point with respect to communications from at least one device while facilitating transmission of the communications on to at least one other device.
Methods and systems for resource allocation
An example method according to the disclosure can comprise receiving a requested number of slots from a user at a computing system. The computing system can be associated with a plurality of slots for processing one or more jobs. Each of the plurality of slots can be associated with a status (e.g., used, available, idle). A user can request a requested number of slots from the computing system. A quantity of slots can be allocated to the user based on the request, user category (e.g., under-served, adequately served), slot status and other factors. Only idle slots can be allocated to the adequately served user, whereas both available slots and idle slots can be allocated to the under-served user. One or more slots allocated to a user can be re-allocated to other users.
Selective underflow protection in a network switch
Techniques are disclosed to transmit packets by a network switch and according to a link protocol while reducing incidence of intra-packet transmission gaps unsupported by the link protocol. Whether a packet satisfies an underflow risk condition is determined by evaluating, for each of one or more cycles since receipt of one or more flits of the packet, a respective count of flits of the packet received by the network switch in the respective cycle. Only upon determining that the packet satisfies the underflow risk condition is selective underflow protection performed for the packet, including buffering an increased count of flits of the packet, prior to commencing transmission of the packet.
Network congestion management using flow rebalancing
Systems and methods are disclosed for managing congestion in a data network. In a data network, various data flows are transmitted between source and destination nodes. One or more computing devices of the network may be configured to detecting congestion in a first path and provide an indication of the congestion, directly or indirectly, to a destination device. A switch associated with the path is designated for performing rebalancing of the flow based at least in part on a control message generated in response to an instruction received, either directly or indirectly, from a source device. Reassignment of the congested flow to a new path can help alleviate congestion and improve network performance.
Network congestion control with adaptive QoS bit-rate differentiation
A method is provided for congestion control in a network node (114; 510; 700; 900) of a communication network (701). The network node handles a plurality of data connections (DC1-N; RAB1-N) for conveying data between a first side and a second side of the communication network. The congestion control involves associating the data connections with respective target weights (wk; k=1-N) for Quality-of-Service (QoS) bit-rate differentiation. The method comprises the following steps, performed in the network node. Experienced bit-rates (rk=1-N) are obtained (620) for the data connections (DC1-N; RAB 1-N). For each data connection (DCi; RAB i), a time integrated difference is determined (632) between the data connection's targeted bit-rate according to its target weight (wi), and its experienced bit-rate (ri). Then, for each data connection, an adjusted weight (w′i) for QoS bit-rate differentiation is calculated (634) based on the determined time integrated difference and the target weight (wi). The adjusted weights (w′k; k=1-N) are used for the congestion control of the data connections.
Data streaming scheduler for dual chipset architectures that includes a high performance chipset and a low performance chipset
A dual chipset architecture, a method of operating a scheduler for a dual chipset architecture, and a computer program product for operating a scheduler for a dual chipset architecture. In an embodiment, the dual chipset architecture comprises a high performance processor, a low performance processor, and a scheduler for the processors. The scheduler is provided for determining an expected data traffic flow to the chipset, and for selectively enabling the high and low performance processors, based on this expected data flow, ahead of this expected data flow reaching the chipset. In one embodiment, a specified data traffic indicator is associated with the expected data traffic flow, and the scheduler uses this specified data traffic indicator to determine the expected data traffic flow. In an embodiment, this specified data traffic indicator is a value for a defined window size for the expected data flow.
Structure for implementing openflow all group buckets using egress flow table entries
An embodiment of the invention includes an Openflow switch. The Openflow switch includes Openflow ALL groups. The Openflow ALL groups include ALL group buckets. During ingress ALL group buckets are represented in ingress as a list of output ports with associated queue ID's and associated copy-counts. Each ALL group bucket is represented in egress by an egress Openflow table entry where the egress Openflow table entry matches a group ID and a bucket ID. An action entry in an ALL group bucket table entry is the set of actions in the Openflow ALL group bucket excluding an output port and queue assignment.
Network traffic preemption using intermittent encapsulation
An example method for intermittent encapsulation of preemptable network traffic at a network node can include receiving a frame at the network node and determining if the frame is a preemptable frame. A preemptable frame is a frame that can be preempted, suspended, interrupted, etc. after transmission begins in order to transmit a preemptive frame. If the frame is a preemptable frame, the method can include determining if the preemptable frame satisfies a selective encapsulation rule. If the preemptable frame does not satisfy the selective encapsulation rule, the method can include transmitting the preemptable frame from the network node without encapsulation. Alternatively, if the preemptable frame satisfies the selective encapsulation rule, the method can include encapsulating and transmitting the preemptable frame from the network node. The preemptable frame can be encapsulated with a preemption header and/or a preemption trailer.
Techniques for customizing forwarding decisions via a hardware lookup result
Techniques for customizing forwarding decisions in a network device via a hardware lookup table result are provided. In one embodiment, a network processor of the network device can perform a lookup into a lookup table based on one or more sections of a received packet. The network processor can then determine, based on the lookup, an entry in the lookup table and retrieve, using a pointer included in the lookup table entry, a mode value from a results table. The mode value can identify an operational flow (e.g., a series of forwarding decisions) to be carried out by the network processor for forwarding the received packet.
Traffic engineering resource collection and coordination
In a central controller, a method for managing resources comprising sending a request to a node in a domain controlled by the central controller, wherein the request requests at least a portion of a resource of the node, receiving a response from the node, wherein the response contains information on the availability of the portion of the resource, and storing the information on the availability of the portion of the resource for use in establishing a multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) label switched path (LSP).
Virtual private network communication system, routing device and method thereof
A virtual private network communication system, a routing device and a method thereof are provided. The system includes a server and a plurality of routing devices. The routing devices respectively transmit registration information to the server, wherein the registration information includes a recognition string. The routing devices include a first routing device and a second routing device. The first routing device transmits a positioning request to the server, and the server transmits the positioning request to a part of or all of the routing devices according to the recognition string. When the second routing device receives the positioning request, the second routing device transmits positioning information according to the positioning request to the first routing device via the server. The first routing device directly establishes a connection with the second routing device according to the positioning information and transmits data after the connection is established.
Streaming service load sharing method, streaming service processing method, and corresponding device and system
Embodiments of the present invention disclose a streaming service load sharing method, a streaming service processing method, and a corresponding device and system. According to the embodiments of the present invention, a fixed allocation range is determined for each service node, so that when a service node fails and needs to perform smoothing of stream table items, only a fixed allocation range of the failed service node needs to be shared by other service nodes, thereby better ensuring stability of a processing range of the service node, and reducing the number of the stream table items to be smoothed.
Operating MPLS label switched paths and MPLS pseudowire in loopback mode
In one embodiment, a circuit that extends between a head-end label switching router (LSR) and a tail-end LSR and traverses one or more intermediate LSRs is locked to data plane traffic. The head-end LSR transmits a packet along the circuit that includes a particular time-to-live (TTL) value configured to expire at a particular intermediate LSR at which loopback is to occur. The circuit is used in a loopback mode. The head-end LSR transmits along the circuit a packet that includes a cease loopback request. The circuit ceases to be used in the loopback mode. The circuit is unlocked to permit the circuit to pass data plane traffic.
Network analyzing system, as well as network analyzing apparatus and network analyzing program, as well as data processing module and data processing program
The present invention relates to a network analyzing system that performs analyzing for a network. The network analyzing system includes one or a plurality of data processing modules and a network analysis apparatus, the network analysis apparatus includes a unit for accommodating the data processing modules, a unit for holding data-to-be-analyzed, a unit for storing data processing definition information that defines steps that carry out the processing of the data-to-be-analyzed using the data processing modules, a unit for causing the data processing modules to carry out data processing based on the data processing definition information to obtain a data processing result, and each data processing module includes a unit connecting to the network analysis apparatus, and a unit for carrying out data processing in accordance with a request.
Method and system for handling service requests in a telecommunications network
One aspect of the disclosure relates to a method for handling a service request from a requesting entity in a telecommunications network. A first service request for a particular service is received from the requesting entity. A sequence identifier is assigned to the requesting entity from which the first service request is received. The first service request is rejected by sending a reject message to the requesting entity and the assigned sequence identifier is also communicated to the requesting entity. At some later time, the sequence identifier is transmitted (e.g. broadcasted) in the telecommunications network in order. A second service request for the particular service is then received from the requesting entity and the serving entity now allows the request for the service.
Call processing time measurement device, call processing time measurement method, and program for call processing time measurement
To provide a call processing time measurement device which can measure the time required to process a measurement-object message to be measured. When a measurement-object message detection module detects a measurement-object message, a response request message transmission module transmits a response request message towards a node designated as a measurement object right after the measurement-object message. A response request message transmission time record module records the transmission time of the response request message transmitted by the response request message transmission module. A response message reception time record module records the reception time of the response message transmitted from the designated node. A processing time calculation module measures the message processing time of the designated node by calculating a difference between the reception time of the response message and the transmission time of the response request message.
Method, system, and apparatus for node status detection in distributed system
Embodiments of the disclosure disclose a method, a system, and an apparatus for node status detection in a distributed system. The method includes: sending to each of multiple tested nodes a sequence of detection elements in order, and receiving responses returned from the multiple tested nodes in response to the receipt of the detection elements, calculating an average value of the detection elements each corresponding to the last response returned from the respective one of the multiple tested nodes at the end of a time period, as well as an absolute difference between the average value and the detection element corresponding to the last response returned from each of the multiple tested nodes at the end of the time period, and determining a tested node status based on whether the absolute difference corresponding to the tested node falls within a difference range.
Data and control plane architecture for network application traffic management device
A data and control plane architecture for network devices. An example system architecture includes a network processing unit implementing one or more data plane operations, and a network device operably coupled to the network processing unit that implements a control plane. In a particular implementation, the network processing unit is configured to process network traffic according to a data plane configuration, and sample selected packets to the network device. The network device processes the sampled packets and adjusts the data plane configuration responsive to the sampled packets.
Content distribution system, content management server, content-using device, and control method
A content management server comprises: a first connection detection unit that detects whether or not the content management server is connected with the content-using device; a content management unit that manages the content according to a result of the detection by the first connection detection unit and holds information on how the content-using device controls the use of the content. A content-using device comprises: a second connection detection unit that detects whether or not the content-using device is connected with the content management server; a second selection unit that specifies a method for controlling the use of the content according to a result of the detection by the second connection detection unit; and a content control unit that controls the use of the content according to the method specified by the second selection unit.
Methods and apparatus for interfacing with a phone system in an on-demand service environment
Disclosed are systems, apparatus, methods, and computer readable media for interfacing with a phone system in an on-demand service environment. In one embodiment, a client machine is in communication with a data provider and the phone system. The phone system is operated by a phone provider separate from the data provider. A message is received at the client machine from the phone system. The message includes information regarding a phone event in relation to a phone call. The phone event information is provided in a first part of a user interface in a web browser on the client machine. A second part of the user interface is capable of displaying information received at the client machine from the data provider. The first part of the user interface and the second part of the user interface are adapted to communicate with one another. For example, the first part of the user interface is adapted to send a message including the phone event information to the second part of the user interface.
System and method for discovering and verifying a hybrid fiber-coaxial topology in a cable network environment
A method in an example embodiment can include polling a first cable modem in a cable network and receiving a first response message from the first cable modem identifying a downstream frequency detected by the first cable modem. The method further includes determining the downstream frequency is split between at least two fiber nodes and determining a cable modem termination system (CMTS) service group topology, where the topology includes the at least two fiber nodes. In specific embodiments, determining that the downstream frequency is split is based on at least the first response message from the first cable modem and a second response message from a second cable modem. In more specific embodiments, the method includes constructing a hybrid fiber-coaxial (HFC) topology map of the cable network based on at least the first and second response messages, where the HFC topology map indicates the CMTS service group topology.
Method for managing a logical topology change in a network
The present disclosure relates to managing a logical topology change in a network. The entries of the forwarding database are flushed intelligently without arbitrarily removing the forwarding database resulting in flooding. In one embodiment, a logical topology number (LTN) is maintained by all the interfaces and the forwarding database in the logical topology. In case of any change in the network topology, the LTN of the interfaces affected by the topology change is changed. Further, while sending a frame, LTN of the forwarding database entry for a destination address is compared with LTN of the logical topology. In case of mismatch, the entry is invalidated and the frame is flooded to all other ports for entering new entries into the database. LTN of the forwarding database entry for a source address is compared with the LTN of the logical topology.
Service allocation in a distributed computing platform
The techniques and arrangements described herein provide for updating services, host operating systems and other applications while satisfying update domain constraints. In some examples, one or more controller modules may maintain a data structure including a plurality of server update domains, each server update domain including a set of machines of a plurality of machines of a distributed computing system which may be concurrently updated. The one or more controller modules may allocate the plurality of instances to the plurality of machines such that a number of server update domains is minimized.
Methods and systems for shared awareness through local observations and global state consistency in distributed and decentralized systems
Methods and systems for information state sharing and consistency maintenance in a distributed and decentralized network are presented. At a first node of a network, a first information state message (ISM) in a hypothesis phase is generated. The first ISM is propagated to at least one node of a spanning tree of the network, the spanning tree having a root at the first node. A verification opinion is received from the at least one node indicating if a state in the first ISM is verified by the at least one node. A consensus regarding the state in the first ISM is determined based on the verification opinion from the at least one node. A second ISM indicating a confirmed phase is propagated to the spanning tree if the consensus on the state of the ISM is reached.
Integrated wireless module
A subassembly for an integrated wireless module is provided. The subassembly includes an integrated-wireless-module input/output (I/O) connector, a modem controller; at least one internal antenna, and at least two modem connectors communicatively coupled to the modem controller, the modem connectors configured to interface with at least two modems. The modem controller digitally selects to one of: communicatively couple one of the at least two modem connectors to one of the at least one internal antenna; communicatively couple one of the at least two modem connectors to the integrated-wireless-module I/O connector; and communicatively couple a first one of the at least two modem connectors to one of the at least one internal antenna and communicatively couple a second one of the at least two modem connectors to the integrated-wireless-module I/O connector.
Dynamic network device configuration
A dynamic configuration system can manage and configure switches or other network devices that come online in a network. When the dynamic configuration system determines that a network device has come online, the dynamic configuration system can identify the network device (e.g., based on its network location, neighbors, fingerprint, identifier, address or the like), select the appropriate configuration data for the network based on the desired network topology, and transmit the configuration data to the network device. The network device can then load the configuration data and function as a component of the desired network topology.
Token-based secure data management
In some implementations, tokens that are representative of sensitive data may be used in place of the sensitive data to maintain the security of the sensitive data. For example, data may be separated into sensitive data and nonsensitive data, and at least the sensitive data is securely delivered to a data storage service. The data storage service generates a token that is representative of the sensitive data and stores the sensitive data as secure data. The data storage service may deliver the token to an entity that also receives the nonsensitive data, and the entity may use the token in place of the sensitive data. In some implementations, different tokens are generated each time the same piece of sensitive data is submitted for storage as secure data. Further, in some implementations, access policies define authorizations regarding which entities are able to resolve a token to access the actual sensitive data.
Transmission method, transmitter apparatus, reception method and receiver apparatus
Transmission quality is improved in an environment in which direct waves dominate in a transmission method for transmitting a plurality of modulated signals from a plurality of antennas at the same time. All data symbols used in data transmission of a modulated signal are precoded by hopping between precoding matrices so that the precoding matrix used to precode each data symbol and the precoding matrices used to precode data symbols that are adjacent to the data symbol in the frequency domain and the time domain all differ. A modulated signal with such data symbols arranged therein is transmitted.
Low power wireless communication utilizing OFDM backchannels
An innovative software-defined backchannel communication scheme is provided for use in ultra-low power devices. The technique enables interconnecting heterogeneous devices through a WiFi backchannel that can be realized with existing infrastructure without any hardware modifications. The backchannel communication scheme can also be extended to other OFDM based communication systems, such as cellular 4G LTE.
Phase control method, array antenna, and system
A phase control method in the present disclosure includes dividing, by a power divider, the high frequency current into at least two current branches, and separately feeding the at least two current branches into corresponding radio frequency input ports on a digital phase shifter, determining, by the switch controller according to the digital control flow, radio frequency paths that are in the digital phase shifter and for the at least two current branches fed into the digital phase shifter, and controlling the drive voltage to act on the digital phase shifter, and separately establishing, by the digital phase shifter according to the drive voltage and for the at least two current branches, radio frequency paths for currents to flow through, and controlling duration of phase delays for the at least two current branches by controlling lengths of the radio frequency paths through which the at least two current branches flow.
Base station device, mobile station device, control information transmission method, control information reception method and program
In a radio system which allocates resources using as units resource blocks which are formed by frequency components and time components, control information for mobile station devices, and identification information which is used to identify a format for a control information transmission channel which transmits the control information is transmitted from the base station device to the mobile station devices by means of the control information transmission channel.
Method and modem for adjusting modulation mode
The present invention provides a method and modem for adjusting a modulation mode. In embodiments of the present invention, a first modem generates indication information according to a current working first modulation mode, so that the first modem can send the indication information to a second modem through a data frame. Therefore, the second modem adjusts a current working second modulation mode of the second modem according to the indication information, so that the adjusted second modulation mode is consistent with the first modulation mode. Therefore, the problem of complex operations in the prior art, caused by that an operator configures a modulation mode of a second modem as a current working modulation mode of a peer modem, that is, a first modem, can be avoided, and efficiency of network deployment can be improved.
Partial response equalizer and related method
A multi-phase partial response receiver supports various incoming data rates by sampling PrDFE output values at a selected one of at least two clock phases. The receiver includes a calibration circuit that performs a timing analysis of critical data paths in the circuit, and this analysis is then used to select the particular clock phase used to latch the output values. These techniques permit the multiplexer outputs from for each phase of the partial response receiver to directly drive selection of a multiplexer for the ensuing phase, i.e., by avoiding regions of instability or uncertainty in the respective multiplexer outputs.
A signaling circuit having a selectable-tap equalizer. The signaling circuit includes a buffer, a select circuit and an equalizing circuit. The buffer is used to store a plurality of data values that correspond to data signals transmitted on a signaling path during a first time interval. The select circuit is coupled to the buffer to select a subset of data values from the plurality of data values according to a select value. The equalizing circuit is coupled to receive the subset of data values from the select circuit and is adapted to adjust, according to the subset of data values, a signal level that corresponds to a data signal transmitted on the signaling path during a second time interval.
Power line communication without line couplers
A disclosed PLC system includes a PLC modem electrically connected to a transmission medium that transmits or carries medium or high voltage without electrical isolation. The PLC system further includes a voltage divider that draws power from the transmission medium to the PLC modem, thereby eliminating a need of a separate power source for operating the PLC modem. Since the PLC modem is electrically connected to the transmission, the PLC modem or communication connections of the PLC modem may be located at a same potential level as the transmission medium and thus the PLC modem does not see a surge during a surge event occurs in the transmission medium. Therefore, the disclosed PLC system eliminates the use of a line coupler and a surge protection component for providing high-voltage isolation and surge protection to the PLC modem.
Apparatus and method for estimating channel
A method for transmitting a reference signal includes selecting one of a first initialization value and a second initialization value, generating selection instruction information corresponding to the selected initialization value, transmitting the selection instruction information to a mobile station, generating a reference signal based on the selected initialization value, and transmitting the generated reference signal to the mobile station. A method for estimating a channel includes receiving selection instruction information indicating a selection of at least one of a first initialization value and a second initialization value, receiving a first reference signal based on the selection instruction information, generating a second reference signal based on an initialization value indicated as being selected by the selection instruction information, and estimating a channel state by comparing the first reference signal with the second reference signal.
Generating social networks from social connection data
Embodiments generally relate to generating social networks from device specific communications. In one embodiment, a method includes determining social connection data included in communications, the communications being associated together via a device identifier and generating a communications-based social network for an end user from the determined social connection data, the end user being associated with the device identifier.
Method and device for transmitting data to several receivers using ARQ
The present invention concerns a method and a device for transmitting data between a sender, and at least two receivers, in a network where a data between a sender and a receiver is carried on a connection and where a unicast connection enables a sender to send the data and a receiver to acknowledge a reception of the data. The method comprises the steps of opening a unique unicast connection identified with a connection identifier; and indicating the connection identifier to the sender and the receivers, so that the sender sends the data on the unicast connection, and the receivers receive the data on the unicast connection.
Secure message filtering to vehicle electronic control units with secure provisioning of message filtering rules
A method according to one embodiment includes the operations of configuring a host processor to receive a message filtering rule, the host processor associated with a vehicle; configuring a bus controller to verify authenticity of the message filtering rule, wherein the bus controller is programmed through an interface, the interface inaccessible from the host processor; filtering messages from the host processor using the verified message filtering rule, wherein the filtering is performed by the bus controller; and transmitting the filtered messages from the bus controller over a bus to one or more electronic control units (ECUs), the ECUs communicatively coupled to the bus.
System, processing device, computer program and method, to transparently encrypt and store data objects such that owners of the data object and permitted viewers are able to view decrypted data objects after entering user selected passwords
A cryptographic system makes everyday data objects, such as a document or conversation, unreadable to anyone other than the owner or those currently having permission to access the data objects. The cryptographic system is transparent by requiring no additional effort on the part of any user in the encryption/decryption process other than entering a user identifier and password. Each document is encrypted with a unique encryption key. Changes to data object access permissions are immediately honored and enforced by enabling or disabling access to certain decryption keys. Decryption of data objects requires information known only to the owner of the data object or those permitted to access the data object. This decryption information is not stored anywhere in the system.
Key management using security enclave processor
An SOC implements a security enclave processor (SEP). The SEP may include a processor and one or more security peripherals. The SEP may be isolated from the rest of the SOC (e.g. one or more central processing units (CPUs) in the SOC, or application processors (APs) in the SOC). Access to the SEP may be strictly controlled by hardware. For example, a mechanism in which the CPUs/APs can only access a mailbox location in the SEP is described. The CPU/AP may write a message to the mailbox, which the SEP may read and respond to. The SEP may include one or more of the following in some embodiments: secure key management using wrapping keys, SEP control of boot and/or power management, and separate trust zones in memory.
Instruction for accelerating SNOW 3G wireless security algorithm
Vector instructions for performing SNOW 3G wireless security operations are received and executed by the execution circuitry of a processor. The execution circuitry receives a first operand of the first instruction specifying a first vector register that stores a current state of a finite state machine (FSM). The execution circuitry also receives a second operand of the first instruction specifying a second vector register that stores data elements of a liner feedback shift register (LFSR) that are needed for updating the FSM. The execution circuitry executes the first instruction to produce a updated state of the FSM and an output of the FSM in a destination operand of the first instruction.
Differential power analysis—resistant cryptographic processing
Information leaked from smart cards and other tamper resistant cryptographic devices can be statistically analyzed to determine keys or other secret data. A data collection and analysis system is configured with an analog-to-digital converter connected to measure the device's consumption of electrical power, or some other property of the target device, that varies during the device's processing. As the target device performs cryptographic operations, data from the A/D converter are recorded for each cryptographic operation. The stored data are then processed using statistical analysis, yielding the entire key, or partial information about the key that can be used to accelerate a brute force search or other attack.
Initial synchronization method and apparatus assisted by inherent diversity over time-varying frequency-selective fading channels
The present invention relates to an initial synchronization apparatus assisted by inherent diversity over time-varying frequency-selective fading channels. Based on motivation from statistical derivations, the present invention provides a novel initial synchronization method for estimating timing error and carrier frequency offset (CFO) by embedding matched filters into RAKE fingers to approach modified CramerRao lower bounds (MCRLBs). In addition, the present invention is then built to approach modified CramerRao lower bounds by taking advantage of a maximum ratio combining (MRC) criterion. In practice, the proposed technique can significantly outperform a conventional initial synchronization technique on the timing error and CFO estimations over multipath fading channels.
System and method for calibrating and synchronizing a receiver
The present invention relates to a system for calibrating and for synchronizing a receiver. The system is arranged for receiving a reference clock signal in a first and a second signal path and comprises generator means for generating in the first signal path a first plurality of phase coherent tones derived from said reference clock signal and for generating in the second signal path a second plurality of phase coherent tones derived from said reference clock signal, said second plurality of phase-coherent tones being at lower frequencies than said first plurality of phase-coherent tones, and gating means for gating said first plurality of phase coherent tones by said second plurality of phase-coherent tones, such that the phase-coherent tones of said second signal path appear in a distorted version around tones of said plurality of phase-coherent tone of said first signal path, and for outputting a resulting gated signal.
Phase detecting apparatus and phase adjusting method
A phase detecting apparatus and a phase adjusting method are provided. Determine whether to output a phase adjusting control signal according to a first data sampling value, a second data sampling value and a third data sampling value that are successively generated, so as to adjust a phase of a sampling clock signal used to sample a data signal.
Efficient asynchronous communication protocol
A more efficient asynchronous protocol transmits data from a transmitter circuit at a first time to a receiver circuit and transmits a next data from the transmitter circuit to the receiver circuit at a second time so that the next data arrives at the receiver circuit at approximately the same time an acknowledge signal of the first data from the receiver circuit arrives at the transmitting circuit. The propagation delay may be measured at the beginning of a transfer to help determine when to send data.
Method and apparatus for coding of HARQ-ACK transmission in TDD systems with downlink carrier aggregation
Methods and apparatus are provided for a User Equipment (UE) configured with multiple cells in a DownLink (DL) of a Time Division Duplex (TDD) communication system to determine the coding method for acknowledgement information bits as a function of their number, to apply bundling to the acknowledgement information bits when their number exceeds a first predetermined value, and to partition the acknowledgement information bits, possibly together with other control information bits, into two separate codewords when their total number exceeds a second predetermined value.
A tunable diplexer includes a high band port, a low band port, an antenna port, a high pass filter, and a low pass filter. The high pass filter is coupled between the high band port and the antenna port, and is configured to pass signals within a high pass band between the high band port and the antenna port. The high pass filter includes a high band path stop band zero, which is configured to selectively attenuate signals within a high band path stop band. The low pass filter is coupled between the low band port and the antenna port, and is configured to pass signals within a low pass band between the low band port and the antenna port. The low pass filter includes a low band path stop band zero, which is configured to selectively attenuate signals within a low band path stop band.
Hybrid diplexer and circulator frontend for GPS receiver and satcom modem sharing common antenna
A hybrid diplexer-circulator system including a circulator and a modified-diplexer is provided. The circulator includes a first circulator-port, a second circulator-port coupled to a first chain comprising a receiver module, and a third circulator-port coupled to a second chain comprising a satellite modem. The first chain receives first-frequency signals and reflects second-frequency signals. The second chain receives the second-frequency signals reflected from the first chain and transmits third-frequency signals. The modified-diplexer includes: a first diplexer-port of the modified-diplexer, which is shared as the first circulator-port; a second diplexer-port; and third diplexer-port in the second chain. The second diplexer port inputs the first-frequency signals from a filter in the first chain. The third diplexer-port: inputs the second-frequency signals reflected by the first chain; outputs the second-frequency signals to be received by the satellite modem; inputs third-frequency signals transmitted by the satellite modem; and outputs the third-frequency signals to the third circulator-port.
Method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving MCS index for 256QAM in wireless access system
A method and a user equipment (UE) are described for decoding data in a wireless access system. A higher layer signal is received that includes an indication that 256 quadrature amplitude modulation (256QAM) is to be enabled. In one embodiment, downlink control information (DCI) is received via a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) for scheduling a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH). Data is received via the PDSCH. The received data is decoded using one of two modulation and coding scheme (MCS) index tables. The UE has a first MCS index table supporting up to 64 quadrature amplitude modulation (64QAM) and a second MCS index table supporting up to 256QAM. The received data is decoded based on only the first MCS index table even though the 256QAM has been enabled, when a format of the DCI is a DCI format 1A.
Wireless communication terminal device, wireless communication method and integrated circuit for controlling transmission power of sounding reference signal (SRS)
A radio terminal is provided that can provide a flexible transmission power control for an SRS without restrictions due to the transmission power control of a PUSCH, for the purpose of enabling use of an SRS for various purposes in a HetNet CoMP environment. The radio terminal receives a control signal including a transmission power control command (TPC command) to be applied to an aperiodic sounding reference signal (A-SRS), through a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH), updates a transmission power value of the A-SRS using the TPC command, and transmits the A-SRS using the updated transmission power value in accordance with a transmission request included in a control signal indicating assignment of a physical downlink data channel (PDSCH) or assignment of a physical uplink data channel (PUSCH).
Method for receiving downlink data, method for transmitting downlink data to user equipment, and base station
The present invention provides a method and an apparatus for performing an open loop MIMO transmission based on a user equipment-specific reference signal (UE-RS), which is transmitted only for data that is allocated to a specific resource region, and provides a method and an apparatus for receiving the open loop MIMO transmission.
Method and apparatus for transreceiving synchronization signal in wireless communication system
One embodiment of the present invention relates to a method for a terminal acquiring synchronization in a wireless communication system, comprising the steps of: receiving a first signal from on a first carrier; receiving a second signal, which is positioned on a resource element having a predetermined pattern, from at least one subframe from subframes excluding the subframe that receives the first signal; and acquiring synchronization with respect to the first carrier by using the first signal and the second signal.
Communication apparatus, integrated circuit, and communication method
A communication apparatus repeatedly outputs a first multi-carrier signal SS during predetermined periods T1, T2, T3, . . . , and outputs a second multi-carrier signal RS whose phase vector is different from that of the first multi-carrier signal SS, at a predetermined timing based on the first multi-carrier signal SS. The communication apparatus further detects the second multi-carrier signal RS output from another communication apparatus, which uses a different communication method from the communication apparatus. Accordingly, both communication apparatuses can differentiate the first multi-carrier signal SS from the second multi-carrier signal RS without performing relatively cumbersome modulation and other processes.
Enhanced channel interleaving for optimized data throughput
In a transmission scheme wherein multi-slot packet transmissions to a remote station can be terminated by an acknowledgment signal from the remote station, code symbols can be efficiently packed over the multi-slot packet so that the remote station can easily decode the data payload of the multi-slot packet by decoding only a portion of the multi-slot packet. Hence, the remote station can signal for the early termination of the multi-slot packet transmission, which thereby increases the data throughput of the system.
System for detecting signal based on partial maximum likelihood and method thereof
Disclosed is a receiver including: a partial filter generating unit selecting a signal as large as a predetermined magnitude among sampled signals and extracting a filter coefficient for the selected signal magnitude to perform QR resolution for the filter coefficient; a partial ML setting unit determining the lengths and the number of candidate symbol combinations of a signal to be detected and generating a candidate ML symbol combination based on the determined lengths and number of candidate symbol combinations; a signal detecting unit detecting residual symbols in a predetermined part of the sampled signal based on the generated candidate ML symbol combination; and a final signal selecting unit choosing a candidate symbol closest to the sampled signal among the detected candidate symbols as a finally detected signal.
Optical subchannel routing, protection switching and security
The present invention includes novel techniques, apparatus, and systems for optical WDM communications. Tunable lasers are employed to generate subcarrier frequencies representing subchannels of an ITU channel to which client signals can be mapped. Client circuits can be divided and combined before being mapped, independent of one another, to individual subchannels within and across ITU channels. Subchannels may be independently routed to a single subchannel receiver filter, such that each subchannel detected at the receiver may come from a different source location. Network architectures and subchannel transponders, muxponders and crossponders are disclosed, and techniques are employed (at the subchannel level/layer), to facilitate the desired optical routing, switching, concatenation and protection of client circuits mapped to these subchannels across the nodes of a WDM network. Subchannel hopping may also be used to increase the optical network security.
Access procedures for in-device coexistence interference avoidance
A method, system and device are provided for avoiding in-device coexistence interference between different radio technologies by allocating random access channel preambles to include one or more dedicated access preambles to be sued for sending IDC interference indication messages over a random access channel (RACH) to a radio access network. In response, the radio network provides control parameters and/or instructions for avoiding interference in a random access response message corresponding to the IDC interference indication message using one or more fields in the MAC subheader and payload fields of a designated IDC MAC PDU message.
Communication device, method and system for queueing packets to be transmitted
A communication device includes: first and second memories configured to store first and second packets in first and second queues, respectively; a processor configured to: select a packet to be transmitted by selecting the first packet in priority to the second packet, read the selected packet from the first or second queue, and detect the first packet stored in the first queue during reading of the second packet from the second queue; and a third memory configured to hold copied data relating to the second packet, wherein when detecting the first packet, the processor is configured to cause an internal or external part of the communication device to discard the currently read second packet, read the first packet stored in the first queue, and read the copied data from the third memory after completion of the reading of the first packet.
High speed embedded protocol for distributed control systems
A control network communication arrangement includes a second protocol embedded into a first protocol in a way that modules supporting the second protocol may be aware of and utilize the first protocol whereas modules supporting only the first protocol may not be aware of the second protocol. Operation of modules using the second protocol does not disturb operation of the modules not configured to use or understand the second protocol. By one approach, the messages sent using the second protocol will be seen as messages sent using the first protocol but not having a message necessary to understand or as needing a particular response. In another approach, modules using the second protocol can be configured to send messages within a CAN message frame without being compatible with CAN.
Data usage monitoring
Systems and methods for capturing and monitoring the health, safety, and/or activity of a user are described. In one aspect, the system generates a data usage pattern for the user and monitors the user's current data usage activity to detect data usage deviations from the user's usage pattern. When a deviation is detected, the system may send an alert message to the user or another user indicating that an anomaly may have occurred, permitting the user or another user to respond to the anomaly.
Undersea laser communication using polarization and wavelength modulation
A communications method comprising the following steps: emitting a series of pulses from a transmitter through water, wherein each pulse comprises a plurality of electromagnetic component signals, wherein each component signal has a fixed combination of wavelength and polarization state that differs from the wavelength and polarization state combinations corresponding to the other component signals; encoding data onto each pulse by varying the amplitude of selected component signals of each pulse; receiving each pulse with a receiver; and retrieving the data by detecting the component signals based on the component signals' wavelength, polarization state, and amplitude.
Feedback for electronic pre-distortion in an optical transmitter
We disclose an optical transponder, in which one or more all-electronic feedback paths are used to obtain a relatively accurate estimate of the device-specific signal distortions in the transmitter portion thereof. The obtained estimate is used to enable the digital signal processor of the optical transponder to carry out electronic pre-distortion (EPD) that can significantly reduce or cancel these signal distortions without the use of detailed factory-calibration measurements or optics dedicated to feedback purposes. The use of all-electronic feedback paths may enable a beneficial reduction in the cost of the EPD functionality, e.g., by eliminating a significant extra cost associated with the implementation of optically generated feedback.
Wide bandgap matrix switcher, amplifier and oscillator
An electronic device comprising an optical gate, an electrical input an electrical output and a wide bandgap material positioned between the electrical input and the electrical output to control an amount of current flowing between the electrical input and the electrical output in response to a stimulus received at the optical gate can be used in wideband telecommunication applications in transmission of multi-channel signals.
Optical signal transmitter
An optical signal transmitter includes first and second modulation units, a combiner, and a control unit. The first and second modulation units generate first and second modulated optical signals, respectively. The combiner combines the first and second modulated optical signals to generate a polarization multiplexed optical signal. The control unit controls at least one of the first and second modulation units so that the optical powers of the first and second modulated optical signals become approximately equal to each other.
Replaceable transmitting module and optical transceiver having the same
A replaceable transmitting module is disposed on an optical connector. The replaceable transmitting module comprises a plurality of optical sub-assemblies disposed independently respectively, and at least one positioning mount disposed on the optical connector. The optical sub-assemblies comprises at least one edge-emitting laser diode, a second cover disposed on the edge-emitting laser diode, and a second lens disposed on the second cover and corresponding to the edge-emitting laser diode. The positioning mount comprises a base and a plurality of positioning portions which are disposed on the base and to fix the optical sub-assemblies, respectively.
Variable color data transmission
Systems comprising at least an encoder for receiving a binary string of a data, the encoder adapted to partition the binary string into one or more binary substrings and assign a color to each one or more substrings corresponding to a color model, a controller for converting the color into electrical pulses, a light source for emitting the electrical pulses as pulses of colored light for transmission of the pulses through a communication channel. A parallel decoder may be included. The system is preferably coupled with a data compression system for compressing or decompressing binary data via a two bit partitioning scheme and replacing same with a compression key generated by the assembly of each packet with at least a second value for transmittal using the color mechanism above.
Remotely reconfigureable distributed antenna system and methods
The present disclosure is a novel utility of a software defined radio (SDR) based Distributed Antenna System (DAS) that is field reconfigurable and support multi-modulation schemes (modulation-independent), multi-carriers, multi-frequency bands and multi-channels. The present disclosure enables a high degree of flexibility to manage, control, enhance, facilitate the usage and performance of a distributed wireless network such as flexible simulcast, automatic traffic load-balancing, network and radio resource optimization, network calibration, autonomous/assisted commissioning, carrier pooling, automatic frequency selection, frequency carrier placement, traffic monitoring, traffic tagging, pilot beacon, etc.
Visible light communication method
A visible light communication method. Firstly, a plurality of binary logic streams is sequentially received and a serial-to-parallel conversion is performed on them to obtain a plurality of binary signal sets corresponding to each binary logic stream. Then, all the binary signal sets are respectively mapped to obtain the first OFDM symbols in frequency domain. The first OFDM symbols are respectively transformed into the second OFDM symbols in time domain. Then, a parallel-to-serial conversion is performed on the second OFDM symbols. Adequate cyclic prefix is added in each of the second OFDM symbols. Next, the relative intensity of each of the second OFDM symbols is regulated, and then a digital-to-analog conversion is performed on the second OFDM symbols to obtain analog electrical signals. Finally, visible lights respectively corresponding to the analog electrical signals are generated.
Measuring in-band optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR)
One measurement system comprises a polarimeter with a polarimeter detector bandwidth that partially overlaps with a signal bandwidth or completely overlaps with a signal bandwidth. The polarimeter measures a state of polarization (SOP) or a degree of polarization (DOP) of the signal in the presence of noise. The system further comprises a sampler that receives polarimeter signals from the polarimeter and samples those received signals at a specified sampling rate. The sampler outputs sampled data to a processor that calculates a mean DOP for the samples. Subsequently, the OSNR is determined from the calculated mean DOP.
Unidirectional absolute optical attenuation measurement with OTDR
Devices and methods for optical measurements in point-to-point and point-to-multipoint networks, e.g. like PON networks with splitters are described in which reflected power from some known reflections at the end of the lines is used to determine the attenuation and stability of the attenuation of each line. Also a reference reflection is used at the beginning of the network so that an absolute loss measurement between the points of reflection and the reference reflection can be made. In a further aspect wavelength selective stable reflections and reflectors are used, to provide reflections in a wavelength range that does not interfere with normal operation.
Graphical user interface pertaining to a bolus calculator residing on a handheld diabetes management device
A handheld diabetes manager is presented with an improved graphical user interface for a bolus calculator. The bolus calculator is configured to receive blood glucose measurements from a blood glucose measurement module and operates, in response to an input, to compute an insulin recommendation for a patient based in part on the blood glucose measurements. The graphical user interface for the bolus calculator includes a health adjustment screen that enables a user to input a value for health events associated with the insulin recommendation, where the input value represents a cumulative effect of the health events on insulin of the patient and the health adjustment screen presents a different icon for each of the health events associated with the insulin recommendation.
Layer-2 extension services
Methods, apparatuses, and systems for providing layer-2 extension services through a non-routed ground segment network, are described. The method includes providing a Layer-2 (L2) interface between a node of the non-routed ground segment network and a service provider, assigning a virtual tagging tuple to the service provider and receiving service provider traffic at a node of the non-routed ground segment network. The method further includes tagging the service provider traffic with the virtual tagging tuple, and switching the tagged service provider traffic through the non-routed ground segment network according to the virtual tagging tuple.
Mobile terminal and controlling method thereof
A mobile terminal and controlling method thereof are disclosed, by which data useful in an external device among data accumulated through the mobile terminal can be transmitted only. The present invention includes a display unit, a wireless communication unit configured to communicate with at least one external device, a memory configured to store a plurality of data accumulated via the mobile terminal, and a controller configured to search the stored data for at least one data useful in the external device, and the controller controls the wireless communication unit to transmit the searched data to the external device.
Transmitter, receiver, non-contact power transmission control method, and computer-readable recording medium
A power transmitting device includes a power transmitter (21) transmitting electric power in a contactless manner, a data communicator (22) obtaining identification information of at least one power receiving device that has become possible to receive electric power transmitted from the power transmitter (21), a power receiving device finding/separation detector (261) counting a number of state switchings between a power unreceivable state and the power receivable state during a predetermined period of time, for each power receiving device of which identification information has been obtained, and a power transmission controller (263) controlling electric power transmission performed by the power transmitter (21), on the basis of the number of state switchings counted by the power receiving device finding/separation detector (261).
Electrical device for a powerline system for data transmission and powerline system for data transmission
An electrical device is provided for a power line system for data transmission, including at least one line of a power supply network, at least one signal line, and a coupling region wherein the at least one line of the power supply network and the at least one signal line are partially arranged. The at least one line of the power supply network and the at least one signal line are electrically isolated from each other and capacitively coupled to each other in the coupling region. A motor vehicle is equipped with the power line system for data transmission.
Series resistance Rs is connected in series between an input terminal 1 and an output terminal 3, and a resonant circuit 11 including an inductor L1 and a capacitor C1, and a resonant circuit 13 including an inductor L3 and a capacitor C3 are connected between the input terminal 1 and the output terminal 3, in parallel to the series resistance Rs. One end of a shunt resistance R1 is connected to a connection point P1 of the inductor L1 and the capacitor C1, and the other end is connected to a ground destination. One end of a shunt resistance R3 is connected to a connection point P3 of the inductor L3 and the capacitor C3, and the other end is connected to the ground destination.
Fast frequency hopping adapted to the environment
A transmitting node in an industrial wireless network transmits a first number of bits to a receiving node, where at least one bit is partitioned into segments and each segment is transmitted at a different frequency according to a frequency transmission scheme. The receiving node receives the number of bits, determines the quality of each segment of a received bit, collects quality determinations of segments, forms a quality measure for each frequency through combining quality determinations of the corresponding frequency, compares each quality measure with a quality measure criterion, determines at least one frequency that does not fulfill the quality measure criterion and informs the transmitting node about frequencies for which the corresponding quality measures do not fulfill the quality measure criterion. The transmitting node receives the information and updates the frequency transmission scheme.
Removal of modulated tonal interference
In some embodiments a phase between a periodic spreading signal and an effective spreading signal modulating an interfering harmonic is determined, an amplitude of the interfering harmonic is estimated, and the interfering harmonic is canceled from a received signal. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Shared filter for transmit and receive paths
Shared filters may be used for both transmit and receive paths. In an exemplary design, an apparatus (e.g., a wireless device, an integrated circuit, or a circuit module) may include a filter and a switch. The filter operates as a transmit (TX) filter for a first band and as a receive (RX) filter for a second band. The filter may receive and filter an output radio frequency (RF) signal when operating as the TX filter and may receive and filter a received RF signal when operating as the RX filter. The switch is coupled to the filter and receives and passes the output RF signal to the filter or an input RF signal from the filter. The apparatus may further include a second filter operable as a TX filter for multiple bands and/or a third filter operable as an RX filter for multiple bands.
Protective case for mobile device with integrated latch
A protective case for a mobile device is disclosed. The protective case includes a front cover and a relatively rigid shell, which together are configured to receive, retain, cover and protect the mobile device. The front cover includes multiple fold lines that extend across the cover and allow adjacent regions of the cover to rotate or move relative to each other. The shell is configured to receive and retain the mobile device while providing user access to the mobile device. The shell has an outer surface configured to include a latch with an integrated hook. In operation, the latch hooks and retains one end section of the front cover to maintain the device in an angled use position when open. When in the fully closed position the latch fits within an aperture defined within a back end region of the front cover. The aperture may be defined by a ring component that is dimensioned to receive the latch and firmly support the latch. Magnets incorporated into opposing ends of the front cover are provided to assist in maintaining the case in the fully closed position.
Size-adaptive mobile device cover
A size-adaptive mobile device cover comprises: multiple cover panels, each of the cover panels connected to at least another one of the cover panels, one of the cover panels having a side surface and a first attaching portion mounted on the side surface of the panel; at least one first edge holder secured on the side surface of the panel that has the first attaching portion, each of the at least one first edge holder having a retaining recess; and multiple corner holders disposed opposite to the at least one first edge holder, each of the corner holders having a second attaching portion, and the second attaching portion detachably attached to the first attaching portion. Accordingly, the size-adaptive mobile device cover is not only applicable to mobile devices of various sizes, but also has low production cost and is convenient for use.
Systems and methods for providing product information over a carrier wave
A method is provided that comprises tuning a radio system to a frequency band that contains a locally-broadcast terrestrial radio signal. The locally-broadcast terrestrial radio signal comprising a main signal component and a side data component is thereby received. In response to receiving the locally-broadcast terrestrial radio signal a determination is made as to a permissible time for processing the side data component using a time slot schedule. The side data component is processed at the permissible time. A message corresponding to the side data component is outputted to an output device. In some instances, the side data component includes the message. In other instances, the method further includes searching a message lookup list using a code included in the side data component. When a stored code is found that matches the code, the message corresponding to the matching stored code is outputted.
Digital modulator non-linearity correction
A nonlinear distorter is configured to mitigate nonlinearity from a nonlinear component of a nonlinear system. The nonlinear distorter operates to model the nonlinearity as a function of a piecewise polynomial approximation applied to segments of a nonlinear function of the nonlinearity. The nonlinear distorter generates a model output that decreases the nonlinearity of the nonlinear component.
Clocked current-steering circuit for a digital-to-analog converter
In one example, a current steering circuit includes an output transistor pair responsive to a first gate bias voltage. The current steering circuit further includes a first switch comprising a first source-coupled transistor pair coupled to the output transistor pair and responsive to a first differential gate voltage, and a second switch comprising a second source-coupled transistor pair coupled to the output transistor pair and responsive to a second differential gate voltage. The current steering circuit further includes a current source configured to source a bias current. The current steering circuit further includes a third switch comprising a third source-coupled transistor pair coupled between the current source and each of the first switch and the second switch, the third source-coupled transistor pair responsive to a third differential gate voltage.
Time-to-digital converter and method therefor
3D imager including at least one pixel, each pixel including a photodetector for detecting photon incidence and a time-to-digital converter system configured for referencing the photon incidence to a reference clock, and further including a reference clock generator provided for generating the reference clock, wherein the reference clock generator is configured for adjusting the frequency of the reference clock on the basis of an estimated time up to a subsequent photon incidence.
Interface circuit for high speed communication, and semiconductor apparatus and system including the same
An interface circuit of a semiconductor apparatus may include a pulse generation unit, a data clock synchronization unit and a system clock synchronization unit. The pulse generation unit may be configured to generate a burst end pulse from a burst end signal according to a data clock signal. The data clock synchronization unit may be configured to enable a data clock synchronization signal based on the burst end pulse and the data clock signal, and disable the data clock synchronization signal according to a burst end detection signal. The system clock synchronization unit may be configured to generate the burst end detection signal by synchronizing the data clock synchronization signal with a system clock signal.
Phase shifted coarse/fine clock dithering responsive to controller select signals
A clock dithering circuit that provides cancellation of digital noise spurs is disclosed. The clock dithering circuit includes a control unit that receives an input clock. An ICG (integrated clock gating) cell receives the input clock and receives an enable signal from the control unit. The ICG cell generates a gated clock. A coarse dither unit receives the gated clock and receives a coarse select signal from the control unit. The coarse dither unit generates a coarse dither clock. A fine dither unit receives the coarse dither clock and receives a fine select signal from the control unit. The fine dither unit generates a fine dither clock.
Current synthesizer correction
An adjustable current-synthesizer may generate synthesized current representative of an actual current, according to a model of a circuit that produces the actual current. The current synthesizer may under-sample a current sense signal derived from the actual current to obtain a few samples of the actual current, which are then used to adjust the synthesized current, thereby ensuring accuracy of the synthesized current. Sample values of the actual current are compared with corresponding generated values of the synthesized current to obtain offset values. In order to maintain monotonicity in the synthesizer results, the offset values are used to make adjustments to the slope of the synthesized current. The slope of the synthesized current may also be adjusted according to the slope of the actual current. Sub-Nyquist sampling of the actual current may be performed on the down-slope, with up-slope adjustments made based on the offset adjustment and down-slope adjustment.
Device and method for adjusting an oscillation frequency of a VCTCXO oscillator
A device (110), comprising a temperature sensor (111) accesses an external time or frequency reference (121; 130) for adjusting an oscillation frequency of a VCTCXO oscillator (113). The device determines a variation in the VCTCXO oscillator's ambient temperature over a predetermined time range thanks to measurements from the temperature sensor, and adjusts a frequency, or rate, of access to the external time or frequency reference in order to obtain time or respectively frequency information for adjusting the oscillation frequency of the VCTCXO oscillator, according to the determined variation in temperature.
Power management system for integrated circuits
An apparatus includes a plurality of programmable hardware resources and an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) disposed on an IC die. The ADC is configured to quantize values of one or more analog parameters of the IC die. The apparatus also includes a configuration control circuit configured to program the programmable hardware resources in response to a set of configuration data. The programmable hardware resources are programmed to implement a set of circuits specified by the configuration data and to connect the ADC to respective nodes of the IC die for sampling the analog parameters. The apparatus also includes an interface circuit coupled to the ADC and configured to generate a control signal based on quantized values of the one or more analog parameters from the ADC. The interface circuit outputs the control signal to a power supply coupled to a power terminal of the IC die.
Field programmable object array and video compression processor for video data compression
A field programmable object array integrated circuit has video data compression capability. The integrated circuit comprises an array of programmable objects and a video compression co-processor communicatively coupled to the array of objects. The video compression co-processor comprises a set of search engines and a subpixel engine. The subpixel engine can interpolate subpixels from integer pixels and shift the integer pixels by a predetermined number of subpixels. The search engines can perform a plurality of sum of absolute differences (SAD) computations between search window pixels and macroblock pixels to locate the best SAD value using either integer pixels and/or the interpolated subpixels.
Interface circuit and electronic system using the same
An interface circuit applied in an electronic system includes a first control circuit and a second control circuit. The first control circuit includes a first control chip, a first voltage division unit, a switch unit, and a first connector. The second control circuit includes a second control chip, a second voltage division unit, a third voltage division unit, and a second connector. When the serial data pin or the serial clock pin first control chip outputs a first voltage level signal, the serial data pin or the serial clock pin second control chip receives the first voltage level signal. When the serial data pin or the serial clock pin first control chip outputs a second voltage level signal, the serial data pin or the serial clock pin second control chip receives a second voltage level signal from a power source terminal.
Light-sensing circuit, method of operating the light-sensing circuit, and light-sensing apparatus employing the light-sensing circuit
Example embodiments are directed to a light-sensing circuit, a method of operating the light-sensing circuit, and a light-sensing apparatus including the light-sensing circuit. The light-sensing circuit includes a light-sensitive oxide semiconductor transistor that senses light; and a switching transistor connected to the light-sensing transistor in series and configured to output data. During a standby time, a low voltage is applied to the switching transistor and a high voltage is applied to the light-sensitive oxide semiconductor transistor, and when data is output, the high voltage is applied to the switching transistor and the low voltage is applied to the light-sensitive oxide semiconductor transistor.
Gate drive circuit
Example circuitry includes: a transformer circuit having first windings and second windings, where the second windings are magnetically orthogonal to the first windings; first transistors to provide a first voltage to a load, where each of the first transistors is responsive to a first control signal that is based on a first signal through a first winding; second transistors to provide a second voltage to the load, where each of the second transistors is responsive to a second control signal that is based on the first through the first winding, and where the first and second control signals cause the first transistors to operate in a different switching state than the second transistors; and control circuitry responsive to signals received through the second windings to control the first transistors and the second transistors to operate in a same switching state.
Stacked semiconductor arrangement
Among other things, one or more stacked semiconductor arrangements or techniques for applying voltage schemes to such stacked semiconductor arrangements is provided. A stacked semiconductor arrangement comprises one or more tiers, such as a first tier comprising a first semiconductor structure, a second tier comprising a second semiconductor structure, or other tiers. A first voltage domain is applied to the first tier, such as a first substrate voltage of 0v and a first power voltage of 1.6v. A second voltage domain is applied to the second tier, such as a second substrate voltage of 1.6v and a second power voltage of 3.3v. In this way, semiconductor structures having different operational voltages are separated into different tiers, such as to mitigate damage to a lower voltage integrated circuit from a relatively higher voltage for a higher voltage integrated circuit.
Passive drive control circuit for AC current
A circuit that may control current to a load without generating a large amount of electromagnetic interference on main lines of an AC power supply for the load and circuit. Control may be effected with silicon controlled rectifiers (SCRs). For instance, the circuit may implement passive triggering using a capacitor between the anode and the gate of an SCR. By using a sufficiently large capacitor, gate current may be applied during a zero crossing of a waveform of the AC power supply in a passive manner without a need to store energy prior to the zero crossing. The circuit may synchronize SCR triggering with a voltage variation in a clean manner, that is, without generating electromagnetic interference. The circuit may be used with an in-line thermostat. However, the circuit may be used in other ways.
Input protection circuit, electronic device, electronic apparatus, and moving object
An input protection circuit changes the voltage of a signal to be input to an input circuit to a predetermined voltage or less and outputs the signal. The input protection circuit includes a first NMOS transistor and a second NMOS transistor. The first NMOS transistor includes a source to which an input signal is input, a gate to which a voltage based on a first voltage is applied, and a drain that outputs the signal to the input circuit based on the input signal and the gate voltage. The second NMOS transistor includes a source and a gate to each of which the voltage based on the first voltage is applied, and a drain that outputs a second voltage to the input circuit.
PWM signal generation circuit and processor system
A PWM signal generation circuit according to the present invention includes a duty setting unit (10) configured to generate a duty control signal designating a duty ratio corresponding to each period of a PWM signal on the basis of an initial duty setting signal, a target duty setting signal, a slope setting signal, and a clock signal, a period setting unit (20) configured to output a period setting value, and an output control unit (30) configured to generate the PWM signal having a period corresponding to the period setting value and having a duty ratio corresponding to a value of the duty control signal. The duty setting unit (10) increases the value of the initial duty ratio to the value of the target duty ratio each time the number of a clock pulse of the clock signal reaches the period setting value reaches the slope setting value.
Power-efficient chopping scheme for offset error correction in MEMS gyroscopes
Embodiments of the present invention eliminate the high bandwidth buffer from the analog chopper circuit. In some specific embodiments, the buffer is replace with a comparator-based loop that can be used to apply offset correction and achieve N-bit settling performance with sharp (up to 1 ns) rise and fall time with significantly lower power than with a buffer. Other specific embodiments include overcharging circuitry in combination with the comparator-based loop or in lieu of the comparator-based loop. Still other specific embodiments include an array of capacitors in place of the single large capacitor Clarge and use decoding/switching circuitry to selectively couple one of the capacitors into the circuit based on the DAC input code. Importantly, exemplary embodiments result in total power dissipation around the theoretical limit needed to charge the capacitor to the DAC output voltage.
Antenna sharing device
An antenna duplexer has a first filter passing a signal in a first frequency band and a second filter passing a signal in a second frequency band which is higher than the first frequency band. The first filter includes a first series resonator having a lowest antiresonance frequency and second series resonators. A propagation angle of a main elastic wave of the first series resonator a propagation angle of a main elastic wave of each of the second series resonators are different from each other so that an electromechanical coupling coefficient of the first series resonator is smaller than an electromechanical coupling coefficient of the second series resonators.
Filter device and duplexer
A filter device includes a band pass filter connected between a first signal terminal and a second signal terminal and an LC circuit connected in parallel with the band pass filter. The LC circuit has anti-resonant characteristics that make the LC circuit be open at a pass band of the band pass filter, and make attenuation in a specified frequency band outside of the pass band of the band pass filter higher than in a case in which the LC circuit is not connected, as a result of the LC circuit being connected.
Audio settings based on environment
Embodiments described herein may involve dynamically adjusting the equalization of a playback device based on the environment in which the playback device is operating. An example embodiment may involve detecting, by at least one microphone, an audio signal. The example embodiment may also involve selecting a playback device environment from among two or more playback device environments based on the detected audio signal. The example embodiment may further involve identifying an audio setting corresponding to the selected playback device environment; and applying the audio setting when playing media content.
A two-stage RF amplifier is provided. The first stage is a common-emitter transistor arrangement with a purely reactive degeneration impedance and an output impedance with a reactive component matched in frequency response to the degeneration impedance. The second stage is a buffer amplifier. The first amplifier can be designed for high gain which is flat over frequency by virtue of the reactive degeneration impedance. The first amplifier provides input matching, and the buffer provides output matching, with decoupling between the input and output.
Systems and methods for minimizing noise in an amplifier
An amplifier may include a plurality of stages, wherein each stage may have an amplifier stage output configured to generate an amplifier output signal and a transistor coupled at its gate terminal to the amplifier input and to the gate terminals of the transistors of the other amplifier stages. Each stage may be configured to periodically and cyclically operate in an amplifier mode in which the amplifier stage generates at its corresponding amplifier stage output a power-amplified version of a signal received at the amplifier input and a in reset mode in which the transistor of the stage operating in the reset mode has an electrical property thereof reset. At any given time, at least one amplifier stage is operating in the amplifier mode. The amplifier may be configured to output as an output signal one of the amplifier output signals corresponding to an amplifier stage operating in the amplifier mode.
Parametric oscillator and method for generating ultra-short pulses
The invention relates to a parametric oscillator (1) for generating ultra-short pulses. The system (1) comprises a resonator (10) having an optical axis (11), an amplifier crystal (9) arranged in the resonator (10), and a pump laser system (4) for generating pump laser radiation (5) comprising pump photons, said pump laser radiation being directed onto the amplifier crystal (9). The invention is characterized in that the amplifier crystal (9) is an optically non-linear crystal configured for generating a signal photon and an idler photon from a pump photon by means of an optical-parametric process, wherein the resonator (10) is arranged in such a way that a signal pulse formed from the signal photons leaves the amplifier crystal (9) along the optical axis (11) of the resonator (10), and wherein dispersion compensation members for at least partially compensating the dispersion of the radiation circulating in the resonator (10) are provided. The invention also relates to a method for generating ultra-short pulses or the associated mode comb by means of such a parametric oscillator (1).
Motor control device, image forming apparatus, and motor control method
A motor control device includes a measuring unit configured to output a measurement value corresponding to a rotation speed of a motor; and a control unit configured to control driving of the motor such that the measurement value makes closer to a target value. When the measurement value does not exceed a predetermined abnormality determination threshold, the control unit controls the driving of the motor based on a difference between the measurement value and the target value. The abnormality determination threshold is set in a positive direction or in a negative direction with reference to the target value. When the measurement value exceeds the abnormality determination threshold, the control unit controls the driving of the motor based on a difference between a corrected measurement value and the target value. The corrected measurement value is set in the same direction as the direction in which the abnormality determination threshold is set.
Method and arrangement for operating a pump
A method and arrangement for operating a pump system are disclosed, the pump system including a pump arranged to be rotated with an AC motor, an inverter, the output of which is electrically connected to the AC motor, and a photovoltaic panel system electrically connected to feed DC power to the inverter. The method can include setting a voltage limit, and determining continuously voltage obtained from the photovoltaic panel system. When the determined voltage of the photovoltaic panel system is below the set voltage limit, frequency of the inverter can be controlled such that the ratio between output voltage of the inverter and the output frequency is substantially constant. When the determined voltage of the photovoltaic panel system exceeds the voltage limit, the inverter frequency can be controlled for keeping voltage of the photovoltaic panel system substantially at the voltage limit.
Control device of AC motor
A control device of a three-phase AC motor includes: an inverter for driving the motor; a current sensor for sensing a sensor phase current of the motor; and a controller for controlling the motor. The controller includes: a current estimation device for estimating d-axis and q-axis current estimated values based on the sensor phase current and an electric angle of the motor; and a zero-crossing interpolation device for interpolating the d-axis and q-axis current estimated values by fixing the d-axis and q-axis current estimated values when the sensor phase current is in a zero cross range, which includes a zero point, so that the sensor phase current crosses the zero point, and for outputting interpolated d-axis and q-axis current estimated values as fixed d-axis and q-axis values, which are used for a feedback control relating to current flowing through the motor.
Methods and apparatuses for controlling torques of permanent magnet synchronous motors
A method of controlling torque of a permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) by using a speed-torque lookup table may include: receiving a current direct-current (DC) link voltage of an inverter configured to drive the PMSM and a speed of a rotor of the PMSM; calculating a change ratio of a DC link voltage based on the current DC link voltage and a DC link voltage at a time when the speed-torque lookup table is generated; calculating a normalized speed of the rotor according to a change in the DC link voltage by using the speed of the rotor and the change ratio of the DC link voltage; and/or transferring the normalized speed of the rotor as an input to the speed-torque lookup table.
Method and control circuit for controlling a brushless electric motor
The invention refers to a method for controlling a brushless, electronically commutated electric motor, a main AC voltage being rectified into an intermediate circuit direct voltage and this direct voltage being fed by an intermediate circuit containing an intermediate circuit capacitor to an inverter which is controlled by a motor control means for feeding and commutating the electric motor whereby the intermediate circuit direct voltage is monitored in respect of its voltage level and is compared with a predetermined limiting value and, on reaching or exceeding the limiting value, the intermediate circuit direct voltage is limited to the predetermined limiting value by clocked disconnection and reconnection.
Piezoelectric energy harvester device with frequency offset vibrational harvesters
The present invention relates to an energy harvester device comprising a plurality of elongate resonator beams. The resonator beams include a piezoelectric material extending between first and second ends. One or more bases are connected to the first end of each of the resonator beams, with the second end of the resonator beams being freely extending from the one or more bases as a cantilever. A mass is attached to each of the second ends of the resonator beams. Each of the resonator beams is tuned to a resonant frequency offset relative to each of the other resonator beams by 0.1/W to 0.9/W, wherein W is a temporal width between a first impulse and a second impulse which excite motion of the resonator beams. Also disclosed is a system comprising an apparatus and the energy harvester device, as well as methods of using and designing the system.
Dielectric elastomer powered boat and electricity generator and associated method
A system is disclosed in which ocean wave power compresses smart electro-active polymers (EAP) material. Dielectric elastomers (DE) convert ocean wave power pressure into electrical current. Advantageously, DE has a very high power density and elasticity. The resultant electrical power is directly used to operate an electric motor of a boat screw propeller or stored in a lithium-ion battery for any other use. The mechanical work produced by the movement of ocean waves can also be transformed into electrical current via a crank shaft and a dynamo using very strong magnets or neodymium magnets that are made of a combination of neodymium, iron, and boron (NdFeB). An underwater and above water screw propeller propagates the boat at high speed across the ocean. Electrical power produced on board during port parking or unused energy is connected to a transformer or supplied for recharging electrical vehicles or port lighting.
Energy harvesting device having self-powered touch sensor
Provided is an energy harvesting device having a self-powered touch sensor so that the energy harvesting device is capable of sensing pressure due to an external touch without using external power and harvesting and storing energy generated in response to the touch pressure. The energy harvesting device includes first and second electrodes facing each other, an energy generation layer disposed on the first electrode, and an elastic layer disposed on the second electrode layer, the elastic layer facing the energy generation layer and being configured to be elastically deformed according to pressure applied to the elastic layer. The energy generation layer is configured to generate energy according to the pressure applied to the energy generation layer.
Light emitting diode (LED) driver having direct replacement capabilities
A driver circuit for powering a load is disclosed. The driver circuit includes an input for connection to a ballast, a rectifier, a switch, and a fault circuit. The rectifier converts AC power received from the input into DC power. The rectifier includes a rectifier input. The switch is electrically connected to the rectifier input. The switch is activated to create a short circuit at the rectifier inputs in response to receiving an activation signal. The fault circuit is electrically connected to the switch. The fault circuit generates the activation signal in response to detecting at least one of an over voltage, an over temperature, and an over current condition of the driver circuit.
Electric power converter
An electric power converter is provided with: a power semiconductor module, which has a power semiconductor element that converts a direct current into an alternating current; a capacitor module, which has a capacitor element that smooths the direct current; and a cooling body, which cools the power semiconductor module and the capacitor module. The capacitor module has: a case, which has an approximately rectangular shape, has an opening formed in one surface, and has a space for housing the capacitor element; and a DC conductor for electrically connecting the power semiconductor element and the capacitor element to each other. The cooling body is formed to face the bottom surface on the inner wall of the case, and both the side surfaces of the case, the side surfaces facing each other. Between the capacitor element and the inner wall surfaces of the case, the direct current conductor is formed along the bottom surface and both the side surfaces of the case.
Modular power inverter with software control
A power inverter is provided comprising: a control board comprising: a processor that generates an AC waveform from a pulse width modulation (PWM) signal according to instructions or data stored in a memory associated with the processor; and an output at which a signal having the AC waveform is provided; a power supply module that is connected to the control board, comprising: an input connected to the output of the control board at which the AC waveform signal is provided; and an output at which an AC power signal is provided on a channel of the power inverter.
Voltage adapter systems for use in an appliance
Voltage adapter systems for use in an appliance are provided. An exemplary voltage adapter system can include a TRIAC. The exemplary voltage adapter system can include a voltage detection circuit configured to detect an input voltage of an alternating current power signal and connect the TRIAC in series with a load of the appliance when the input voltage is greater than a threshold voltage. The exemplary voltage adapter system can include a firing angle control circuit configured to provide a gate signal to a gate of the TRIAC when the alternating current power signal reaches a phase angle. An exemplary firing angle control circuit can include a resistor, a capacitor, and a DIAC. The exemplary firing angle control circuit can be configured to trigger the TRIAC when the voltage across the capacitor exceeds a breakover voltage associated with the DIAC.
Electric power conversion system and electric power conversion method for stopping power upon a failure
An electric power conversion system includes: a primary circuit including a first port, a second port and a primary electric power conversion unit; and a secondary circuit magnetically coupled to the primary circuit by a transformer and including a third port, a fourth port and a secondary electric power conversion unit. The electric power conversion system is configured to convert electric power between any two of the four ports with the use of the primary and secondary electric power conversion units, and convert electric power between the first and second ports and between the third and fourth ports with the use of electric power conversion circuit portions other than a faulty electric power conversion circuit portion among a plurality of electric power conversion circuit portions configured in the primary and secondary electric power conversion units.
DC bus voltage measurement circuit
A voltage measuring device includes an input configured to be coupled to a secondary of an inductive coupling of a DC to DC voltage converter. A switch coupled to the input forms a discharge path parallel to a sampling capacitor dependent on the voltage at the input equaling or exceeding a first voltage threshold and independent of an output voltage at the output of the device. The sampling capacitor is coupled to the output. A rectifier in series with the sampling capacitor is biased to conduct upon the input voltage, minus the output voltage, equaling or exceeding a second voltage.
Regulation for power supply mode transition to low-load operation
A switching power converter includes a controller configured to transition from a first operating mode to a second operating mode by determining the operating conditions at the transition point between the operation modes. The controller uses a point where a switch included in the power converter would have been turned on if operating under the first operating mode as a reference point to determine when to turn on the switch under the second operating mode. Using the reference point, the switching power converter determines a control period for regulating the switching period of the switch in a second operating mode.
Boost type direct current output control circuit device controlled by subpower
A direct current power source includes an electric control unit (ECU101) for converting a portion of input direct current electric energy into alternating polarity electric energy or ripple electric energy. The converted alternating polarity or ripple electric energy is supplied to the primary winding of a transformer, and an alternating polarity or ripple electric energy output by the secondary winding of the transformer is rectified by a full wave rectifier for use as a direct current auxiliary power source. The direct current power source uses voltage accumulation to boost the direct current electric energy, eliminating the need for a full power transformer.
Method for identifying a short-line fault or a line interruption for a switched inductive load
A method identifies a short-line fault or line interruption in a circuit configuration having a series circuit of inductive load and controllable switching element. The series circuit is connected between high and low potentials of a supply voltage source. A connecting point between load and switching element is connected through at least one zener element to the high or low potential of the voltage source or the control connection of the switching element so that upon interruption of current flow through the load due to switching off the switching element, magnetic energy stored in the load can be reduced by a zener element becoming conductive. After switching off the switching element, the voltage at the connecting point is ascertained and a voltage pulse duration is compared with a first prescribed duration. If the duration is shorter than the first prescribed duration, a line interruption or a short is inferred.
Control method and control apparatus using control signals to control states of transistors in BUCK-BOOST topology
A control method and a control apparatus are provided. The control method and apparatus are applied to a BUCK-BOOST topology. The method specifically is, processing an output signal of a topology to obtain a pulse width modulation signal, performing an OR operation between the pulse width modulation signal and a first modulation signal to obtain a first control signal so as to control a state of a first transistor on the topology, and performing an AND operation between the pulse width modulation signal and a second modulation signal to obtain a second control signal so as to control a state of a second transistor on the topology. Therefore, the method achieves three topology states and a smooth switchover among the three topology states. In addition, the control circuit is relatively simple, expanding the control scope and improving the control precision.
Transfer function generation based on pulse-width modulation information
Exemplary embodiments are related to generating an error correction voltage and/or a compensation voltage based upon pulse-width modulation information. A device may include a pulse-width modulator configured to receive a first input voltage and convey a modulated output voltage. The device may also include a filtering unit including at least one filter configured to receive the modulated output voltage, generate at least one of an error correction voltage and a compensation voltage, and convey a second input voltage to the pulse-width modulator based on at least one of the error correction voltage and a compensation voltage.
Electric power conversion device
An electric power conversion device of an embodiment includes the electric power conversion device expressed as an equivalent circuit including, a power supply, a first parasitic inductance, a first diode; a second parasitic inductance connected to the first diode in series, a second diode connected to the first diode in parallel, a third parasitic inductance connected to the second diode in series, a switching element, a gate circuit, and a load. The equivalent circuit includes a first circuit loop and a second circuit loop. The first circuit loop includes the power supply, the first parasitic inductance, the first diode, the second parasitic inductance, the switching element, and the gate circuit. The second circuit loop includes the power supply, the first parasitic inductance, the second diode, the third parasitic inductance, the switching element, and the gate circuit.
DC-DC voltage converter and conversion method
A DC-DC converter comprises a capacitor arrangement and a switching arrangement for controlling coupling of the capacitor arrangement to a converter input during a loading phase and to a converter output during a storing phase. The converter cycles between charge pumping stages and charge holding phases, giving rise to a converter switching frequency. A variable output load is controlled thereby to maintain a constant converter switching frequency.
Electric power converter to reduce or eliminate erroneous power module abnormality indication
A processor unit in an electric power converter executes detection of an overheating predicted state that is a stage prior to overheating of the IGBTs, a short circuit predicted state that is a stage prior to a short circuit in the arms, and a voltage drop predicted state that is a stage prior to a drop in a control voltage to be supplied to a driver circuit. When none of these predicted states is detected, a determination that an abnormality is not caused in the power module based on a latch signal is made by the processor unit. When an overheating predicted state is detected, the processor unit lowers the duty ratio of a motor control signal. When a short circuit predicted state is detected, the processor unit prolongs the dead time in which the upper IGBTs and the lower IGBTs are both maintained in the off-state.
Shared bootstrap capacitor for multiple phase buck converter circuit and methods
A multiple phase dc to dc converter with a shared bootstrap capacitor. In an embodiment, a multiple phase buck converter is disclosed including a plurality of n switching stages, each coupled to a corresponding switching node, each further including a high side driver MOS device coupled between a terminal for a positive voltage supply terminal and the corresponding switching node; and an inductor coupled in parallel between the corresponding switching node and an output terminal configured for providing the DC output voltage; and high side driver control circuitry configured to selectively couple a shared bootstrap capacitor to a gate terminal of each of the high side drivers, wherein the shared bootstrap capacitor is configured to charge a gate capacitance of each of the high side driver MOS devices. Additional embodiments are disclosed.
Rotating electric machine having a cooling device and cooling liquid collection tanks
A rotating electric machine includes a rotor, a stator, a cooling device and a pair of cooling liquid collection tanks. The stator includes an annular stator core and a stator coil. The stator core is disposed radially outside the rotor so as to surround the rotor. The stator coil is mounted on the stator core so that a pair of coil ends of the stator coil protrude axially outward respectively from opposite axial end faces of the stator core. The cooling device is configured to supply cooling liquid to vertically upper parts of the coil ends of the stator coil. Each of the cooling liquid collection tanks is arranged to surround a vertically lower part of a corresponding one of the coil ends so as to collect and temporarily reserve therein the cooling liquid moved from the upper part to the lower part of the corresponding coil end.
Rotary electric machine
A rotary electric machine according to the present invention includes a stator including a stator core and stator coils, a rotor provided rotatably with a gap to the stator, a housing that stores the stator and the rotor, a fan that circulates air inside the housing through the gap in the housing, a heat exchanger that cools the air circulated by the fan, and an air guiding plate including an air guiding route formed therein for guiding the air cooled by the heat exchanger such that the cooled air flows into the gap without coming into contact with the stator coils.
Return mechanism, acceleration mechanism, power generator, transmitter, and switching arrangement
A return mechanism is achieved which requires only a small force for operation. In one aspect of the present invention, a return mechanism (10) includes: a first spring (1) that acts between an operating section (11) and a working section (12); and a second spring (2) that acts between the operating section (11) and a base (13). A direction in which the second spring acts when the operating section (11) is in a first position is not parallel to a direction in which the second spring (2) acts when the operating section (11) is in a second position. A component which, of a force of the second spring, acts in a direction of motion of the operating section (11) is smaller when the operating section (11) is in the second position than in the first position.
Induction machine power connection box including power supply for auxiliary devices including auxiliary cooling fans
An alternating current (AC) induction machine, such as a medium voltage induction motor, includes an auxiliary electrical connection box that is incorporated in the terminal box or within separate auxiliary electrical connection boxes that, are coupled to the machine's incoming power source. The box includes power conversion transformers or bridges that respectively convert the incoming AC power to other AC voltages or direct current (DC) useful for operating auxiliary devices proximal the machine. The connection box avoids the need to run separate power lines to induction machines necessary for operating auxiliary devices. Exemplary auxiliary devices include external auxiliary AC powered cooling fans for medium voltage AC motors. The auxiliary connection box may reconfigurable in the field and/or be pre-configured to provide one or more common auxiliary device output power sources.
Motor connecting member and motor device
A motor connecting member, which connects a motor winding and a terminal block, includes a terminal to be connected to the terminal block, a winding connecting portion to be connected to the motor winding, and an extended portion extending between the terminal and the winding connecting portion. The extended portion is made by plastically deforming a single wire having a circular cross section, and is bent in a predetermined shape fitted for connection between an end of the motor winding connected with the winding connecting portion and the terminal block.
Method for connecting wire material and twisted wire, and stator of electric motor or generator
The present invention is directed to connection technology for providing a sufficient connection strength in bonding a wire material and a twisted wire each having a large diameter when directly bonding the wire material, which is used for a stator of an electric motor and a generator, and the twisted wire serving as a lead wire by ultrasonic bonding. A twisted wire having a plurality of core wires is hardened by ultrasonic vibration using a pressurized vibration tool when the twisted wire is connected to a wire material. After that, the twisted wire is reversed such that the hardened surface thereof faces the wire material and then comes into contact with the wire material. In this state, ultrasonic waves are applied to the hardened surface from the opposite side using the vibration tool, thereby connecting the hardened surface of the twisted wire and the wire material.
Motor and rotor thereof
A rotor having an improved structure capable of achieving enhanced durability is disposed in a motor, the rotor including a sleeve having a shaft hole, through which a motor shaft extends, rotor cores spaced apart from one another in a circumferential direction of the rotor, and permanent magnets each disposed between adjacent ones of the rotor cores such that the permanent magnets are arranged in a radial manner about the sleeve. First and second cover plates may be disposed at opposite sides of the permanent magnets in an axial direction. Each of the first and second cover plates may include a shaft receiving hole to receive the motor shaft. The rotor may include a plurality of support members each having a magnet support portion arranged to support an outer end of a corresponding one of the permanent magnets in a radial direction of the rotor.
Rotary electric machine
A rotary electric machine includes a rotor, and a stator. The rotor includes poles having slots and magnets. Each of the slots includes a first housing hole, a pair of second housing holes, a pair of first ribs, a pair of second ribs, and an area of a first space. The first housing hole is disposed near an outer periphery of the rotor to be substantially parallel with an outer peripheral surface of the rotor. The pair of second housing holes are provided symmetrically with respect to the first housing hole to be inclined toward the outer periphery away from the first housing hole. The pair of first ribs are each provided between the first housing hole and each of the pair of second housing holes. The pair of first ribs are each provided between the first housing hole and each of the pair of second housing holes.
UPS systems with modular block architectures
A UPS system includes a power distribution assembly having a plurality of side faces and comprising an AC input and an AC output and at least two UPS assemblies having respective side faces confronting respective ones of the side faces of the power distribution assembly, each of the at least two UPS assemblies comprising a plurality of converter modules and an interconnection module configured to switchably couple AC inputs and AC outputs of the converter modules to respective ones of the AC input and the AC output of the power distribution assembly through conductors passing through the confronting side faces. The conductors may couple the power distribution assembly to the at least two UPS modules without the use of conduit and/or cable trays.
High efficiency wireless charging system and its control method
A control method for a wireless charging system has steps of performing impedance matching on an antenna of the wireless charging system; tracing an optimal frequency point by sending a sensing signal with a default transmission frequency, and calculating a transmission efficiency of the sensing signal; determining whether the transmission efficiency meets a transmission requirement. When the transmission efficiency does not meet the transmission requirement, repeats the previous steps with another default transmission frequency until the transmission efficiency meeting the transmission requirement. When the transmission efficiency meeting the transmission requirement, the default transmission frequency is defined as the optimal frequency point for charging. Setting the optimal frequency point as an operating frequency of the wireless charging system for charging The optimal frequency point defined by the above steps can maintain high efficiency of the wireless charging system against the variable transmitting distances.
Battery pack, battery apparatus including the same, and cell balancing method thereof
A battery pack includes: a cell module including a plurality of battery cells; and a coil unit installed on one side of the cell module and having coils stacked therein, the coils being connected to the respective battery cells.
Wireless charging system
Disclosed herein is a wireless charging system that includes a transmission device including a primary coil and a reception device including a secondary coil, wherein the transmission device determines the presence or absence of the reception device upon receiving the remaining amount of current supplied from the primary coil to the secondary coil, and controls a voltage input to the primary coil based on the determination results. The wireless charging system can generate a sensing signal for determining the presence and absence of the reception device by measuring the amount of current applied from the transmitter coil to the receiver coil through the detection unit. Thus, the receiver controller of the wireless charging system can accurately determine whether to transmit power by comparing the sensing signal provided from the detection unit with a reference signal, thus reducing power consumption.
Battery pack-to-universal serial bus power devices
A device includes a battery pack receptacle that removably connects to a battery pack used for a cordless device. A universal serial bus (USB) port is connected to the battery pack receptacle. The battery pack is used as a power source for the USB port. An attachment device is connected to the battery pack receptacle that attaches the battery pack receptacle to a utility bag.
Multimode battery charger
A multimode battery charger circuit supporting switch mode and linear mode charging operations. In various embodiments, the multimode battery charging circuit includes mode control circuitry, a linear gate driver, a pulse width modulation (PWM) control circuit, a programmable constant current control loop circuit, and a programmable constant voltage control loop circuit. In operation, the mode control circuitry receives a charge mode indication signal corresponding to a desired charge mode. Based on this signal, the mode control circuitry enables either the linear gate driver or PWM control circuit to provide control signals to output transistors coupled between an adapter power port and a battery pack, thereby supporting a plurality of charging modes. In some embodiments, one or more of the output transistors are formed on a common substrate with the multimode battery charger circuit.
Battery pack-to-universal serial bus power devices
A device includes a battery pack receptacle that removably connects to a battery pack used for a cordless device. A universal serial bus (USB) port is connected to the battery pack receptacle. The battery pack is used as a power source for the USB port. An attachment device is connected to the battery pack receptacle. that attaches the battery pack receptacle to a utility bag. The attachment device is configured for attaching the battery pack receptacle to a platform.
Effective charging by multiple contact points
A charging coupling for connecting a robotic garden tool with a charging device may facilitate the charging of a battery of the robotic garden tool. The charging coupling may include a first charging contact and a second charging contact. The first charging contact may be a charging plate or a charging rod. The second charging contact may be provided with a row of resilient contact bars. The arrangement of the first charging contact and the second charging contact may be configured such that the resilient contact bars are pressed against the charging plate to provide multiple contact points.
Adaptive battery pack-to-universal serial bus power devices
A battery pack receptacle removably connects to a particular one of multiple battery pack adapters for particular battery packs used for cordless power tool devices. A universal serial bus (USB) receptacle is connected to the battery pack receptacle. The battery pack is used as a power source for the USB receptacle. Each of the multiple battery pack adapters is configured for a different type of battery pack.
Method of balancing an electrical network comprising several generators, distributors and installations
A method of balancing an electrical distribution system including several generators implements a network divided into several subnetworks powered by ring-like swappers. The balancing of the network between the various generators available is obtained through switchings of subnetworks selected as a function of the order of switching of the swappers.
Power-line communication coupling
In some embodiments, a system includes a power system coupled to a power bus, and a power line communication (PLC) gateway coupled in series with the power bus. In other embodiments, a system includes first and second power circuits coupled in series with a power bus, and first and second power-line communication circuits coupled in series with the power bus. In additional embodiments, a system includes a power converter coupled to a power bus and having one or more switching frequencies, and a power-line communication circuit coupled to the power bus and having one or more communication frequencies, where at least one of the switching frequencies is substantially greater than at least one of the communication frequencies.
Short-circuit protection system for power converters
One example includes a power converter system. The system includes a switching circuit configured to activate at least one power supply switch in response to a driver signal to provide an output voltage at an output based on an input voltage at an input and based on an inductor current associated with an inductor. The at least one power supply switch includes a parasitic diode that interconnects the inductor and the output. The system also includes a short-circuit protection system configured to detect a short-circuit condition and to deactivate the at least one power supply switch in response to the detection of the short-circuit condition to provide the inductor current from the inductor to the output through the parasitic diode in response to the deactivation of the at least one power supply switch.
System for monitoring and modeling operation of a transformer
A system and method for assessing and modeling operation of a transformer includes a controller connected to a power transformer. The controller is configured to calculate theoretical information related to operation of the power transformer, assess information related to actual operation of the power transformer, and manipulate one of more parameters associated with one or more equations used to calculate the theoretical information so that the calculated theoretical information more closely approximates the information associated with the actual operation of the power transformer. In a preferred embodiment, the controller is configured to automatically manipulate the parameters associated the theoretical calculation of operation of the power transformer although the controller may also be configured to request user confirmation of manipulation of one or more of the parameters of the equations associated with the theoretical calculations related of expected actual operation of the power transformer.
Right angle conduit body with offset split
A right angle conduit fitting for right angle wiring through a wall includes an offset split along a transverse axis defined by the edges of male and female body portions mated together. The offset split provides the male body portion and the female body portion independent rotation from each other and from internal wiring thus allowing the wiring to be disturbed as the male body portion and female body portion may be threaded onto respective conduits and into mating alignment with each other.
A spark plug includes an insulator with a through hole, a center electrode disposed at a tip end side of the through hole, a metal terminal nut disposed at a rear end side of the through hole, a resistor disposed in a position between the center electrode and the metal terminal nut inside of the through hole and apart from the center electrode, and a conductive seal that is disposed between the resistor and the center electrode inside of the through hole and contacts both the center electrode and the resistor. A contact surface between the resistor and the conductive seal includes at least one point where a distance in the central axis direction from a virtual plane that includes a rear end of the resistor and is vertical to the central axis is local maximum, and include at least one point where the distance is local minimum.
Integrated laser and method of fabrication thereof
There is provided an integrated laser. The integrated laser includes a semiconductor waveguide having a first section, a second section and a third section. The integrated laser further includes an active region formed on the third section of the semiconductor waveguide, the active region configured for generating light, and a coupler formed on the second section of the semiconductor waveguide, the coupler configured for coupling said light between the semiconductor waveguide and the active region. In particular, the first section comprises a multi-branch splitter having a ring structure formed between two branches of the multi-branch splitter for emission wavelength control of the integrated laser. Preferably, the multi-branch splitter is a Y-branch splitter and the ring structure is formed in a space between two branches of the Y-branch splitter. There is also provided a method of fabrication thereof, an integrated tunable laser and an integrated tunable laser system.
Optical semiconductor device and method for controlling driving circuit
An optical semiconductor device includes: an electric-optic conversion element that is provided with a diode; and a driving circuit that drives the diode in a forward direction, the driving circuit including a first switching circuit that is provided with a first switch, and a second switching circuit that is provided with a second switch, wherein the first switching circuit constitutes a first signal line that charges the electric-optic conversion element with an electric charge by bringing the first switch into an ON state and the second switch into an OFF state, and the second switching circuit constitutes a second signal line that discharges the electric charge stored in the electric-optic conversion element by bringing the second switch into an ON state and the first switch into an OFF state.
Laser oscillator provided with blower
A laser oscillator which can estimate the rotation speed of a blower in an idle state at cheaper cost and higher precision. The laser oscillator is comprised of a resonator part, laser medium flow path, blower, drive part, controller, manometer which measures the pressure of the laser medium at a predetermined position of the laser medium flow path, and rotation speed estimating part which uses the pressure of the laser medium which is measured by the manometer and a predetermined relationship between the pressure of the laser medium and the blower rotation speed at a certain position as the basis to estimate the rotation speed of the blower. The controller controls the drive part so as to restart operation of the blower at the rotation speed which is estimated by the rotation speed estimating part when the power supply to the blower is stopped and the blower is idling.
A transceiver for a two-connector system includes a circuit board, at least one cable attached to the circuit board, and a housing arranged to contain the circuit board. The two-connector system includes a front connector and a back connector. When the transceiver is connected to the two-connector system, a front edge of the circuit board is arranged to engage with the front connector and an intermediate portion of the circuit board is arranged to engage with the back connector.
Method of manufacturing a chained terminal
The invention provides a terminal chain so that a terminal can be connected with a signal conductor only by being press-formed by dies. A rectangular piece (12) is jointed to an end part extending in the longitudinal direction of a carrier (11). The rectangular piece (12) is placed in dies (40, 50) for press-forming. A signal conductor W1 exposed at one end of a wire W is placed on the rectangular piece (12). The rectangular piece (12) is press-formed by the dies (40, 50) to enclose the signal conductor W1. A terminal (20) which is connected with the signal conductor W1 is formed. The contacting position of the carrier (11) and the terminal (20) is disconnected.
Adaptive energy transfer system and method
Systems and methods of the invention relate to transferring energy from a vehicle to a device via a track circuit. Embodiments of the present invention include a power source of a vehicle that can be utilized to transfer energy through a track circuit to a device coupled thereto. The track circuit can include a section of track having a first pair of insulated joints located on a first rail and a second pair of insulated joints on a second rail, each pair separated by a distance. Moreover, a signal can be communicated to the vehicle based on receipt of the transferred energy.
Coaxial cable connector having electrical continuity member
A coaxial cable connector comprising a connector body; a post engageable with the connector body, wherein the post includes a flange; a nut, axially rotatable with respect to the post and the connector body, the nut having a first end and an opposing second end, wherein the nut includes an internal lip, and wherein a second end portion of the nut corresponds to the portion of the nut extending from the second end of the nut to the side of the lip of the nut facing the first end of the nut at a point nearest the second end of the nut, and a first end portion of the nut corresponds to the portion of the nut extending from the first end of the nut to the same point nearest the second end of the nut of the same side of the lip facing the first end of the nut; and a continuity member disposed within the second end portion of the nut and contacting the post and the nut, so that the continuity member extends electrical grounding continuity through the post and the nut is provided.
Plug for DC appliance
A plug for a DC appliance includes an input unit including anode and cathode terminals, an output unit including anode and cathode terminals to allow a DC current input through the input unit to be output to an electric device, a connection unit to interconnect the input unit and the output unit, a rectifier unit coupled between anode and cathode terminals of the input unit to rectify the input DC current, an inductor unit connected in series to the rectifier unit so that an internal current of the plug is gradually increased in response to an increase of the input DC current, and a condenser unit connected in series to the inductor unit, which is charged with voltage in response to a current passing through the inductor unit, and discharges the charged voltage to the output unit when the input of the DC current from the input unit is interrupted.
Connector having a recessed concave section in a surface between a pair or partition walls between adjacent terminals
A connector includes a plurality of terminals, a connector housing, a pair of partition walls and a concave section. The connector housing includes a base section on which the terminals are erected. The partition walls are erected on a bottom surface of the base section so as to intersect with a straight line connecting base end sections of a pair of the terminals adjacent to each other. The concave section is recessed into the bottom surface of the base section so as to intersect with a straight line connecting base end sections of the partition walls at adjacent side end edges of the partition walls.
Vented set screw for implantable medical device
A vented set screw is used to secure a connection between an implantable medical device and an implantable lead. The vented set screw includes one or more venting channels that allow liquid and/or gas to flow out of the implantable medical device when the implantable lead is being inserted into the implantable medical device and secured during an implantation procedure. This prevents pressure from building up at the connection, thereby ensuring proper performance of sensing and/or therapy delivery functions of the implantable medical device.
Electrical device cover assembly with cord retention
A weatherproof cover assembly for an electrical wiring device such as an electrical receptacle includes a base having a front face and an opening in the front face for receiving the face of the electrical wiring device. A cover is hinged to the base to pivot between an open position and a closed position covering the electrical wiring device. The cover assembly includes a first cord retention member proximate a first side of the cover assembly 10 having an opening with a dimension for gripping an electrical cord and a second cord retention member proximate a second side of the cover assembly with an opening with a dimension for gripping the electrical cord. The cord retention member can be a hook formed on the base and spaced outwardly from the cover or a slot formed in the peripheral edge of the cover.
Sealed electrical connector assembly
A connector assembly comprises front and rear connector bodies, a wire grommet with wire passages, and a nut. Tightening the nut forces a rearward portion of the grommet into a tapered segment of a passage through the rear connector body and a forward portion of the rear connector body into a front passage of the front connector body, thereby radially compressing the grommet and sealing the wires passing therethrough.
Pluggable connector having multiple housing shells
Pluggable connector including a contact array of electrical contacts for engaging corresponding contacts of a communication component. The pluggable connector also includes a connector housing having a mating end configured to mate with the communication component. The connector housing includes a first housing shell and a second housing shell that oppose each other and are coupled together to define a housing cavity therebetween. The contact array is disposed within the housing cavity. The first housing shell includes a plug collar that surrounds the contact array at the mating end. The plug collar has a leading edge and a back edge. The second housing shell interfaces with the back edge of the plug collar such that the plug collar extends from the second housing shell to the mating end.
Device for electrically connecting an electric power supply source to an electric appliance, corresponding electric appliance and electric connection method
This device (4) for electrically connecting an electric power supply source (8) such as a battery to an electric appliance (2), is characterized in that it comprises: at least two conductive elements (16, 18) in tended for electrically connecting the electric power supply source (8) to the electric appliance (2), each conductive element (16, 18) defining an aperture (58, 60); a shell (10) capable of receiving the conductive elements, the shell comprising a first half-shell (12) and a second half-shell (14), the shell defining at least two slots (42, 44) capable of receiving the conductive elements and of maintaining said conductive elements substantially parallel to each other, the shell further comprising at least one locking member (46) capable of engaging into the apertures of the conductive elements and of maintaining said conductive elements engaged in said slots of the shell. Application to a linear actuator intended to receive a removable tool.
Display module with dual power lines
A display module includes a display panel, a driver integrated circuit, a flexible printed circuit (FPC), a drive signal wiring and a power wiring. The driver integrated circuit applies power and a drive signal to the display panel. The FPC is electrically connected between the driver integrated circuit and a PCB. The drive signal wiring is extended from the FPC to the display panel through the driver integrated circuit and may transmit the drive signal to the display panel. The power wiring transmits the power to the display panel. The power wiring includes a first power line extended from the FPC to the driver integrated circuit, and a second power line extended from the first power line to the display panel. The second power line does not intersect the drive signal wiring, and a ground slit is not generated.
Connecting arrangement with a crimp connector and a wire fixed in place to the crimp connector
The connection refers to a connecting arrangement with a crimp connector (2) and a wire (3) fixed in place to the crimp connector. The crimp connector encompasses two clamping plates (4, 5) executed as one piece that, in a mounted state, clamp the wire (3) between them and while doing, so fix the wire (3) firmly in place with a force acting in longitudinal axial load direction (B). At least in the mounted state, the inner surfaces of the clamping plates face one another and are at least partially executed as level clamping surfaces (4a, 5a). In the mounted state, the clamping surfaces (4a, 5a) of the clamping plates (4, 5) make contact with one another, whereby an area of the wire section (3′) is pressed partially inside the one clamping plate and partially inside the other clamping plate (4, 5). At least one clamping plate (4, 5) has at least one back gripping surface (8) colliding with its clamping surface (4a, 5a) facing against the load direction (B) and extending transversally to the load direction (B), whereby the clamping surface (4a, 5a) of the other clamping plate (4, 5) extends beyond the back gripping surface (8) against the load direction (B).
High isolation antenna structure on a ground plane
In accordance with one example, an antenna structure includes a three-dimensional dipole antenna having a first arm and a second arm that are suspended above a ground plane. One or more three-dimensional monopole antennas have corresponding monopole elements positioned in a plane of symmetry between the arms of the dipole. Other examples are disclosed.
RF system-in-package with quasi-coaxial coplanar waveguide transition
An IC package includes an IC die disposed at a first surface of a substrate, which includes a signal via extending between first and second metal layers. The first metal layer is proximate to the first surface and includes a first coplanar waveguide. The first coplanar waveguide has a first signal line coupling a die bump to the signal via and has a first ground plane co-planar with the first signal line. The second metal layer is proximate to a second surface and includes a second coplanar waveguide that has a second signal line coupling the signal via to a launcher element and has a second ground plane co-planar with the second signal line. The IC package further includes a waveguide channel aperture comprising a region surrounding the launcher element and which is substantially devoid of conductive material and a via fence disposed at a perimeter of the first region.
Ultra wide band antenna
An ultrawideband antenna for use in communications equipment, comprising a first folded branch antenna element with an electrical connection at a first end and a second folded branch antenna element with an electrical connection at a first end. The folded branch antenna elements are of a triangular shape, or a combination of polygonal shapes. By using the present invention, the volume of an antenna is reduced and the ultra wide bandwidth can be achieved.
Package structures including discrete antennas assembled on a device
Methods of forming a microelectronic packaging structure and associated structures formed thereby are described. Those methods and structures may include forming a package structure comprising a discrete antenna disposed on a back side of a device, wherein the discrete antenna comprises an antenna substrate, a through antenna substrate via vertically disposed through the antenna substrate. A through device substrate via that is vertically disposed within the device is coupled with the through antenna substrate via, and a package substrate is coupled with an active side of the device.
An antenna apparatus having a radiating plate, a ground layer, a dielectric layer, and a parasitic antenna is provided. The dielectric layer is disposed between the radiating plate and the ground layer, wherein the radiating plate is parallel to the ground layer, and the parasitic antenna is connected with the ground layer and perpendicular to the ground layer.
Electromagnetic wave propagation disruption device and method for producing same
An electromagnetic wave propagation disruption device with a metamaterial structure including: a plurality of conductive elements arranged on a top face of a substrate; a plurality of interconnection networks electrically interconnecting at least some of these conductive elements, wherein these networks are not electrically connected to each other. At least two of these networks are dimensioned differently to each other, thus involving that distances between interconnected conductive elements are different from one network to another, to generate phase shifts, between the conductive elements interconnected thereby, different from one network to the other. A ground plane with holes is arranged on a bottom face of the substrate and metallic vias are formed in the substrate, each of them including an upper end in contact with a conductive elements and a lower end arranged facing one of the holes of the ground plane, with no electrical contact with the ground plane.
System for airborne communications
The invention achieves high Multiple Input, Multiple Output (MIMO) data rates over long wireless links by employing large ground relay MIMO antenna arrays and conformal airborne MIMO antenna arrays. Antenna transceiving element layouts and polarizations are optimized for enhanced channel capacity.
Antenna pattern frame, method and mold for manufacturing the same, method for manufacturing an electronic device case, and electronic device
An antenna pattern frame includes: a radiator having an antenna pattern part for receiving an external signal; a radiator frame having the radiator injection-molded to have the antenna pattern part formed thereon and including the antenna pattern part buried at an inner side of an electronic device; and an over-mold part injection-molded together with the radiator frame and over-molded to be formed on the antenna pattern part in order to prevent the antenna pattern part from becoming separated from the radiator frame.
Delay line having plural open stubs and complementary slots arranged to have parallel portions and non-parallel portions
A basic cell of a microwave group delay line is disclosed for tuning the electromagnetic signal propagation delay time from signal source (1) to output (5), wherein two pairs of unequal-length stubs ((L1b, L1b), (L2b, L2b)) are placed on both sides of the main transmission path (2) in the signal layer and two pairs of complementary slot-lines ((L1t, L1t), (L2t, L2t)) are placed on both sides of the main transmission path (2) in ground plane for microstrip structure. Unequal-length stubs are placed in central layer and complementary slot-lines are placed in either outer conductor ground planes for strip-line structure. The characteristic impedances (Z0, 2Z1b, 2Z2b, 2Z1t, 2Z2t) of transmission paths are selected to control group delay time and minimize reflection of signals from signal source to output. A cascade connection of the basic cell forms a delay line system.
Apparatus for preventing deterioration of storage capacity of rechargeable battery, regenerating the same, and measuring storage quantity
Provided is an apparatus in which an electrode insulation inactivating layer on the basis of charge and discharge which is a cause for deterioration of storage capacity of a rechargeable battery is regenerated by thermo-mechanical effects caused by dielectric relaxation loss, individual frequencies of dielectric relaxation loss of rechargeable batteries in general are automatically searched by an increase in high-frequency dependent charging current, the insulation layer is selectively decomposed, termination of charge of the storage battery is additionally known by connecting or disconnecting a frequency of dielectric relaxation loss, and electric current conductance at a frequency of dielectric relaxation loss gives a storage quantity which is a state of charge.
Organic electrolyte and organic electrolyte storage battery
An organic electrolyte improves the organic electrolyte storage battery of an electric vehicle in the initial storage capacity that affects the possible cruising range. The electrolyte includes a compound represented by formula (1) below and a compound represented by formula (2) below: wherein R1 to R5 are each independently hydrogen, an alkyl group, a halogenated alkyl group, or halogen, R6 is an alkylene group or a halogenated alkylene group and R7 is a group having a symmetrical structure about R6 as the rotational axis; R1—R2—R3 (2) wherein R2 is a vinyl group, a cyclic carbonic acid ester group, cyclic sulfite group, chain carbonic acid ester group or chain sulfite group, or —SO3—, R1 and R3 are each independently hydrogen, a halogen, an alkyl group, a halogenated alkyl group, or a vinyl, phenyl or cyclohexyl group, and when R2 is —SO3—, R1 and R3 may bond to each other to form a ring.
Nonaqueous electrolyte and nonaqueous secondary battery using same
The invention provides a nonaqueous electrolyte for batteries and a nonaqueous secondary battery using the same which maintains small internal resistance and high electric capacity in high temperature storage. The nonaqueous electrolyte has an electrolyte salt, a compound of general formula (1), and a compound of general formula (2) dissolved in an organic solvent. The ratio of the compound of formula (2) to the sum of the compound of formula (1) and the compound of formula (2) is 0.1 to 8 mass %. In the formulae, R1, R2, R3, and R4 each independently represent C1-C8 alkyl.
Nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery
A nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery according to an embodiment of the invention includes: a flat electrode assembly including a positive electrode and a negative electrode; a bottomed prismatic hollow outer can storing the flat electrode assembly and a nonaqueous electrolyte and having an opening portion; and a sealing plate sealing the opening portion of the hollow outer can. The nonaqueous electrolyte contains at least one of a lithium salt having an oxalate complex as an anion and lithium difluorophosphate (LiPF2O2). The outer surface area of a battery outer body including the hollow outer can and the sealing plate is 350 cm2 or more. With this configuration, the nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery has excellent battery characteristics.
Electric vehicle propulsion system and method utilizing solid-state rechargeable electrochemical cells
A vehicle propulsion system comprising a plurality of solid state rechargeable battery cells configured to power a drivetrain. In accordance with once aspect of the invention, a transportation system that is powered at least in part by electricity stored in the form of rechargeable electrochemical cells. According to an embodiment of the present invention, these cells are combined in series and in parallel to form a pack that is regulated by charge and discharge control circuits that are programmed with algorithms to monitor state of charge, battery lifetime, and battery health.
Electrode constituent member for battery module
An electrode constituent member for a battery module includes a current-carrying member including an internal connection portion relative to a tab-shaped terminal of an electricity-storage cell, and an external connection portion exposed to an outside of the battery module; a fastener member for fastening a member electrically connecting electrodes of a plurality of battery modules to the external connection portion of the current-carrying member; and an insulating member positioned between the external connection portion of the current-carrying member and the electricity-storage cell. In an inner side of the external connection portion, clamp portions receiving the insulating member in between are formed. In the clamp portions and the insulating member, respectively, engagement portions, engaging with each other when the insulating member is received, are formed.
Electrolyte membrane for solid polymer fuel cells, membrane electrode assembly having said electrolyte membrane, and solid polymer fuel cell
An electrolyte membrane for solid polymer fuel cell includes a reinforce membrane made of nonwoven fibers and an electrolyte provided in a space among the nonwoven fibers. The nonwoven fibers have a non-uniform mass distribution in a plane of the electrolyte membrane. A mass of the nonwoven fibers per unit area in a region corresponding to at least part of a peripheral portion of a fuel cell-use gasket frame is greater than a mass of the nonwoven fibers per unit area in a region corresponding to a center portion of the gasket frame. The electrolyte membrane for solid polymer fuel cell is attached to the fuel cell-use gasket frame.
Proton conducting materials
The description includes materials that may be useful for fuel cell applications such as in the manufacture of fuel cell electrodes, proton exchange membranes (PEM), as catalyst additives or in tie layers designed to be thermally and chemically robust while operating within a fuel cell's harsh environment at higher temperatures and to conduct protons, with significantly higher levels of bound acidic groups, while in a low hydration state. Methods of making the materials are also described.
Fuel cell module
A fuel cell module includes a first area where an exhaust gas combustor and a start-up combustor are provided, an annular second area around the first area where a heat exchanger is provided, an annular third area around the second area where a reformer is provided, an annular fourth area around the third area where an evaporator is provided, and a first partition member provided between the first area and the second area. The first partition member has a combustion gas hole for allowing the combustion gas to flow from the first area to the second area. A baffle circular member is provided inside the first partition member, between the exhaust gas combustor and the start-up combustor.
Method and apparatus for controlling operation of redox flow battery
A method and apparatus for controlling operation of a redox flow battery. The method of controlling operation of a redox flow battery includes obtaining a diffusivity of anolyte ions with respect to a separator, obtaining a diffusivity of catholyte ions with respect to the separator, determining electrolyte diffusivities depending upon a state of charge value of the redox flow battery based on the diffusivity of the anolyte ions and the diffusivity of the catholyte ions, determining a minimum state of charge value and a maximum state of charge value of the redox flow battery based on the electrolyte diffusivities, and setting operating conditions of the redox flow battery based on the minimum state of charge value and the maximum state of charge value. The method and apparatus for controlling operation of a redox flow battery can prevent reduction in capacity of the redox flow battery.
Fuel cell and method for sealing a coolant chamber of a bipolar plate of a fuel cell
A method for sealing a coolant chamber (5) of a bipolar plate (1) of a fuel cell (20), the fuel cell (20) having at least one membrane-electrode unit (21) and the bipolar plate (1) having a first bipolar plate half (2) and a second bipolar plate half (3), at least one of the bipolar plate halves (2, 3) having a coolant distributing structure (4) and the coolant chamber (5) that is formed at least by the coolant distributing structure (4) being formed between the bipolar plate halves (2, 3).
Alkaline battery operational methodology
Methods of using specific operational charge and discharge parameters to extend the life of alkaline batteries are disclosed. The methods can be used with any commercial primary or secondary alkaline battery, as well as with newer alkaline battery designs, including batteries with flowing electrolyte. The methods include cycling batteries within a narrow operating voltage window, with minimum and maximum cut-off voltages that are set based on battery characteristics and environmental conditions. The narrow voltage window decreases available capacity but allows the batteries to be cycled for hundreds or thousands of times.
Low cost synthesis of single material bifunctional nonprecious catalyst for electrochemical devices
A bifunctional catalyst for catalyzing both an oxygen reduction reaction and an oxygen evolution reaction is provided, wherein the catalyst comprises a doped graphene backbone having thiol functional groups. A method for producing a bifunctional catalyst is also provided.
Carbon negative electrode material for lithium secondary battery, production method thereof and lithium secondary battery using the same
A carbon negative electrode material for a lithium secondary battery includes: a core carbon material; and a coated layer covering the core carbon material and comprising a carbon coating material and carbon fiber.
Alkaline storage battery, positive electrode material for alkaline storage battery, and method for manufacturing positive electrode material for alkaline storage battery
A positive electrode material for an alkaline storage battery includes nickel hydroxide. Zn and an A element are held in solid solution in a crystallite of the nickel hydroxide, the A element being at least one element selected from the group consisting of Al, Ga, Mn, and Mo. The content of the A element, [A]/([Ni]+[A]+[Zn]), is 5 to 16% (where [A] represents the molarity of the A element,[Ni] represents the molarity of nickel, and [Zn] represents the molarity of zinc in the crystallite). [Zn]/([Ni]+[A]+[Zn]) is 1 to 10%. The nickel hydroxide includes α-phase nickel hydroxide and β-phase nickel hydroxide.
Positive electrode for rechargeable lithium battery and rechargeable lithium battery
Disclosed is a positive electrode according to one embodiment of the present invention that includes a current collector and a positive active material layer on the current collector, wherein the positive active material layer includes a positive active material and activated carbon coated with a fibrous carbon material.
Polyolefin resin porous film, and non-aqueous electrolyte cell separator using same
This polyolefin resin porous film can be easily produced, and when used as a non-aqueous electrolyte cell separator, can suppress clogging and can evince a high cell output. The polyolefin resin porous film is a porous film having a polyolefin resin as the primary component and is characterized by the average flow diameter pressure (PAP) being 1500-2500 kPa, the bubble point pressure (PBP) being 300-1500 kPa, and the ratio (Pa/PAP) of the air permeability (Pa) and the bubble point pressure (PBP) being no greater than 0.35 sec/(100 ml·kPa).
A battery pack includes battery modules. The battery modules are arranged adjacent to each other in a vehicle anteroposterior direction in such a manner that a longitudinal direction of each battery module corresponds to a vehicle width direction. Bus bars for electrically connecting in series positive and negative electrode terminals of the adjacent battery modules include outer bus bars in an outer part in the vehicle width direction, and inner bus bars in a center part in the vehicle width direction. The outer bus bars are provided so as not to protrude from upper faces of the battery modules thereby to interconnect the electrode terminals of the adjacent battery modules, and the inner bus bars are provided so as to pass above the upper faces of the battery modules thereby to interconnect the electrode terminals of the adjacent battery modules.
A battery module includes a plurality of battery cells, an end plate at a side of the plurality of battery cells, a bottom plate at a bottom of the plurality of battery cells, and a reinforcing member at a first surface of the bottom plate.
A battery pack includes a plurality of battery modules; a housing accommodating the plurality of battery modules therein, and having an opened top; a controller on the plurality of battery modules inside the housing; and an isolation portion located between the plurality of battery modules and the controller.
Battery device and electronic apparatus
A battery charger includes a battery attachment section configured to have a rechargeable battery releasably attached thereto. The battery attachment section includes a flat attachment surface having a width corresponding to a width of a bottom surface of a case of the battery to be charged and a length greater than a length of the bottom surface of the case of the battery to be charged; a plurality of locking hooks provided on the attachment surface; a charger terminal configured to contact a terminal of the battery to be charged, the charger terminal including a plurality of plate-shaped contact pieces configured to be inserted into engaging grooves of the battery to be charged; and an attachment projection adjacent to the attachment surface and configured to secure the battery to the charger.
High thermal conductivity battery assembly
The invention relates to a battery assembly with high thermal conductivity. The battery assembly comprises a metal case having a hollow accommodation cavity formed therein, a plurality of battery cells installed parallel to one another within the metal case, and a common electrode for connection to the other electrode in each of the battery cells. Each of the battery cells has two electrodes, with one of the electrodes that corresponds to those of the rest of the battery cells being connected in a thermally conductive manner to the metal case. The invention takes advantage of high thermal conductivity of metallic material and dissipates heat by connecting the metal case to the battery electrodes. The invention further comprises fixation troughs formed on the metal case, thereby reducing the size of the assembly.
High voltage battery for vehicle
A high voltage battery includes an electrode assembly. A pouch-shaped case is sealed by an edge portion to cover the electrode assembly and has an open inlet formed at one side of the case to allow an electrolyte to be injected to the case therethrough. An outlet is connected to the inlet and discharges gas generated inside the case outside a vehicle.
Battery unit with peripheral bracket and internal support body
A battery unit includes a battery cell that charges and discharges electric power; and a bracket that has an outer peripheral wall portion surrounding an outer peripheral side of the battery cell, and a support body which is provided inside the outer peripheral wall portion and supports the battery cell, wherein two battery cells are inserted from a front surface side and a back surface side of the bracket into the outer peripheral wall portion and are mounted on both side surfaces of the support body.
Display device and method of manufacturing the same
The present invention discloses a display device and a method of manufacturing the display device to solve a problem in the prior art that the light transmittance of the displaying light in the display device is very low. In the present invention, the display device comprises a first substrate formed with at least one metal pattern thereon, a second substrate disposed opposite to the first substrate, and a polarizer provided on an outer side of the second substrate far away from the first substrate. An area of an overlapping region between the metal pattern and a pixel display zone is less than an area of the pixel display zone. The polarizer comprises a light absorption layer fully covering the at least one metal pattern. An area of an overlapping region between the light absorption layer of the polarizer and the pixel display zone is less than the area of the pixel display zone. In the present invention, it increases the light transmittance of the displaying light in the OLED display device.
Light extraction product for semiconductor light emitting device and light emitting device
A light extraction product (1) for a semiconductor light emitting device is provided with a concavo-convex structure layer (11), provided with a concavo-convex structure (11a) on a surface thereof, having a first refractive index (n1) and a light extraction layer (12), provided on the convex portion of the concavo-convex structure (11a), having a second refractive index (n2), where in a first light extraction layer (12a) a distance Lcv between an average position Sh of tops of the convex-portions and a convex-portion upper interface average position Scv of the first light extraction layer (12a) meets equation (1) 10 nm≦Lcv≦5000 nm, in the concavo-convex structure (11a) a convex-portion average height H meets equation (2) 10 nm≦H≦5000 nm, an average pitch P meets equation (3) 50 nm≦P≦5000 nm, and the distance Lcv and the convex-portion average height H meet equation (4) 50 nm≦Lcv+H≦6000 nm. It is possible to improve light extraction efficiency from the semiconductor light emitting device using the light extraction product (1), and further to enhance long-term reliability of the semiconductor light emitting device.
Organic light-emitting display apparatus having increased light efficiency
An organic light-emitting display apparatus includes a capping layer above an organic emission layer, an encapsulating layer encapsulating the capping layer and the organic emission layer, and a deposition layer above the capping layer and below the encapsulating layer, the deposition layer including a surface on which a plurality of cylinders are located.
Organic light-emitting element and method of producing an organic light-emitting element
An organic light-emitting component includes a substrate on which a functional layer stack is applied, the stack including a first electrode, an organic functional layer stack thereover including an organic light-emitting layer and a translucent second electrode thereover, and a translucent halogen-containing thin-film encapsulation arrangement over the translucent second electrode, wherein a translucent protective layer having a refractive index of more than 1.6 is arranged directly on the translucent second electrode between the translucent second electrode and the thin-film encapsulation arrangement.
Organic light-emitting diode display, an electronic device including the same, and method of manufacturing said organic light-emitting diode display
Provided is an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display including: a first plastic layer; a first barrier layer formed on the first plastic layer; a first intermediate layer formed on the first barrier layer; a second plastic layer formed on the intermediate layer; an OLED layer formed on the second plastic layer; and a thin-film encapsulation layer encapsulating the OLED layer.
Organic light emitting transistor and display device having the same
An organic light emitting transistor includes a substrate, a first insulating layer on the substrate, an auxiliary gate electrode between the substrate and the first insulating layer, the auxiliary gate electrode corresponding to a first area, a switching gate electrode between the substrate and the first insulating layer, the switching gate electrode corresponding to a second area defined adjacent to at least one side of the first area, the switching gate electrode being insulated from the auxiliary gate electrode, a source electrode on the first insulating layer, the source electrode corresponding to the second area, a semiconductor layer on the first insulating layer, the semiconductor layer corresponding to at least the first area and the semiconductor layer being connected to the source electrode, a drain electrode corresponding to at least the first area, and a light emitting layer interposed between the drain electrode and the semiconductor layer.
Composite material, light-emitting element, light-emitting device, electronic device, lighting device, and organic compound
A composite material including an organic compound and an inorganic compound, which has a high carrier-transport property; a composite material having an excellent property of carrier injection to an organic compound; a composite material in which light absorption due to charge transfer interaction is unlikely to occur; and a composite material having a high visible-light-transmitting property are provided. A composite material which includes an organic compound and an inorganic compound exhibiting an electron-accepting property with respect to the organic compound, in which the rings of the organic compound are all benzene rings and the number of the benzene rings of the organic compound is greater than or equal to 4 and less than or equal to 25, is provided.
PIN-type organic light emitting diode
Provided is a PIN type organic light emitting diode that includes a first electrode of a first electrode type, a first transport layer of a first type of charge carrier, an emission layer, a second transport layer of a second type of charge carrier, and a second electrode of a second type of electrode. At least one of the transport layers includes at least two elementary transport layers and each elementary transport layer of the same transport layer has, in relation to an adjacent elementary transport layer, a decreasing mobility of charge carriers a farther distance from the emission layer, and consequently providing a decreasing conductivity based on a distance of the elementary transport layer from the adjacent electrode, with the elementary transport layers of the same transport layer having the same dopant concentration.
A tape structure and related circuit configurations for textile systems to establish electrical characteristics of textiles. The textiles incorporate charge carrying components, such as photovoltaic components, in contact with conductive layers in a single tape structure to improve electrical properties without compromising physical characteristics of the textiles. The textiles include photovoltaic tapes, each having an optically transparent layer, a photovoltaic layer, a first electrically conducting layer, a second electrically conducting layer and an insulating substrate located between the first electrically conducting layer and the second electrically conducting layer.
Polymers, their preparation and uses
A polymer containing an optionally substituted repeat unit of formula (I) wherein each R is the same or different and represents H or an electron withdrawing group, and each R1 is the same or different and represents a substituent.
Fluoro group-containing compound, fluoro group-containing polymer, organic light emitting device including the polymer, and method of manufacturing the device
A fluoro group-containing compound, a fluoro group-containing polymer, an organic light emitting device including the polymer, and a method of manufacturing the organic light emitting device are provided.