Cast housing for a configurable power converter
A casting for a housing for a flexible, configurable power converter is disclosed. The housing includes a power compartment that is configured to accept a heat sink in either of two orientations. The configurable nature of the power converter allows the same power convertible package to be used in a number of applications without having to incur the cost of developing a new power converter package.
A docking station suitable for a portable electronic device includes a base, a supporting component and a first fan. The base includes an airflow guiding slope. The supporting component is disposed on the base and has an airflow guiding structure, in which the portable electronic device is configured to be supported on the supporting component. The first fan is disposed in the base and provides a cooling airflow, in which the airflow guiding slope and the airflow guiding structure guide the cooling airflow to flow into the portable electronic device.
Rack and chassis thereof
A rack includes a frame rack and a chassis, for hosting a server. The frame rack has a fixing part. The chassis includes a shelf disposed detachably on the frame rack, a fastening element and a guide member. The shelf has a guiding groove and a first fastening portion. The fastening element has a fastening end and a pivot end fastened to the shelf allowing the fastening end to move pivotally at a release position and fastening position. The guide member is connected to the midsection of the fastening element and slideable in the guiding groove. The guide member is drawn off the guiding groove when the fastening element turns pivotally to its release position. When the fastening element rotates to the fastening position, the fastening end of the fastening element clasps with the first fastening portion, whereas the pivot end clasps with the fixing part.
Electric connection box
For an object of providing an electric connection box which can maintain waterproof when a car is washed by high-pressure water, the electric connection box includes a box main body having a groove recessed from an outer wall and extending straight; and a side cover slid along a lengthwise direction of the groove so as to be mounted at the box main body, and covering the groove when the side cover is mounted at the box main body. The side cover includes third and fourth plate members to be arranged within a same geometrical plane of the outer wall. The third and fourth plate members are provided with flaps projecting from the third and fourth plate members along a widthwise direction of the groove.
System for spreading a spectrum linked to the usage of a switching regulator used in a receiver or display of a dashboard of an automobile
An arrangement of electronic components is to be used with a switching regulator, in particular is to be used in a receiver or display of an automobile dashboard. The switching regulator includes a first oscillator having a first frequency. The electronic component arrangement is provided so as to be connected to a voltage source, the voltage source supplying a periodical voltage having a second frequency, wherein the second frequency is lower than the first frequency. The electronic component arrangement includes a first resistor, a first capacitor, a second resistor, a second capacitor, a third resistor, and at least a third capacitor.
Frameless telecommunications enclosure
Telecommunications enclosures are described in this document. In one aspect, a telecommunications enclosure includes side panels having seals and an enclosure top connected, independent of a frame, to top ends of the side panels. The enclosure top has an enclosure top outer end that extends between the side panels and includes a seal. An interior panel is connected, independent of a frame, to side panels and has an interior panel outer end that extends between the side panels. The interior panel is separated from the enclosure top by a first distance and separated by a second distance from bottom ends of the side panels. A removable door is formed to engage the seals when the removable door is secured to the frameless telecommunications enclosure.
An electronic device 100 includes: a hinge mechanism 120 configured to rotate, on a connection portion in which a first casing 101 is connected to a second casing 102, the second casing 102 to switch the electronic device 100 from a closed position through an opened position to an inverted position, and configured to rotate according to the second casing 102 being rotated when switching between the opened position and the inverted position is performed; and a leg component 140 configured to switch, by rotating with the hinge mechanism 120 when switching between the opened position and the inverted position is performed, between a state where the leg component 140 projects from the back surface of the first casing 101 in the opened position, and a state where the leg component 140 projects from the top surface of the first casing 101 in the inverted position.
Electrical box with drip point compartments
An equipment enclosure includes a first compartment; a second compartment, the first compartment including a first element to guide a conduit from the first compartment to the second compartment, wherein the first element creates a first drip point with respect to the conduit that prevents a liquid from entering the second compartment; and a third compartment including a second element to guide another conduit from the third compartment toward the second compartment, wherein the second element creates a second drip point with respect to the other conduit that prevents a liquid from reaching the second compartment.
Method for manufacturing a wiring board
A wiring board includes a substrate having first and second surfaces and a first penetrating hole through the substrate, a first conductive circuit on the first surface of the substrate, a second conductive circuit on the second surface of the substrate, an interlayer insulation layer on the substrate and the first or second circuit, and a third conductive circuit on the interlayer layer. The interlayer layer has a via conductor in the interlayer layer and connecting the third circuit and the second conductor. The substrate has a first through-hole conductor connecting the first and second circuits and on the inner wall of the first hole, a filler filled inside the first conductor and forming a second penetrating hole, and a second through-hole conductor in the second hole. The via conductor is shifted from the center of the second conductor in the direction parallel to the first surface of the substrate.
A display device includes a substrate and a flexible circuit having one of its ends bonded to the substrate. The substrate comprises a pixel array. A driver integrated circuit (IC) is mounted on the flexible circuit. The flexible circuit is bonded to the substrate without protruding beyond an edge of the substrate. One end of the flexible circuit faces toward an inside of the substrate when the flexible circuit is flatly placed on or over the substrate, and the other end of the flexible circuit is bonded to the edge of the substrate.
Reflow treating unit and substrate treating apparatus
Provided are a semiconductor substrate manufacturing apparatus and a substrate treating method, and more particularly, an apparatus and method for performing a reflow treating process on a semiconductor wafer. The apparatus treating apparatus includes a load port on which a carrier accommodating a substrate is seated, a substrate treating module including one reflow treating unit or a plurality of reflow treating units for performing a reflow process on the substrate, and a substrate transfer module including a transfer robot transferring the substrate between the load port and the substrate treating module, the substrate transfer module being disposed between the load port and the substrate treating module. The reflow treating unit includes a process chamber having a treating space therein and an exhaust member exhausting a fluid within the process chamber. The exhaust member includes a plurality of individual exhaust lines connecting a plurality of process chambers to each other and a common exhaust line connected to the plurality of individual exhaust lines to exhaust the fluid to the outside of the substrate treating module.
PCB board, core for manufacturing the PCB board and method for manufacturing the PCB board
The present invention provides a printed circuit board (PCB) board, a core for manufacturing the PCB board and a method for manufacturing the PCB board. The PCB board is in a shape of a rectangle and comprises a fiber layer formed of interlacedly weaved fiberglasses, a metal layer affixed onto a surface of the fiber layer, and a pair of differential signal traces formed on the metal layer, wherein extending directions of the fiberglasses lie at acute angles with respect to a length direction of the rectangle, and the pair of differential signal traces extends along a width direction or the length direction of the rectangle. The PCB board can effectively reduce the possibility of the skew distortion during the transmitting process of the differential signal through adjusting the angle between the fiberglasses and the edge of the core without adjusting or redesigning the original circuit layout.
Hybrid electronic sheets
In accordance with the present disclosure, a hybrid electronic sheet which exhibits superior electrical property and allows biomaterial functionalization and flexible device patterning may be provided by binding a graphitic material in colloidal state to a biomaterial capable of binding thereto specifically and nondestructively. Since the electronic sheet is an electronic sheet wherein a biomaterial and an electrical material (graphitic material) are hybridized, it exhibits good compatibility with biomaterials and can be further functionalized with, for example, an enzyme that selectively reacts with a biochemical substance. Accordingly, an electrical material and a chemical or biological material may be effectively nanostructurized and it can be realized as a multi-functional, high-performance electronic sheet.
Strain isolation structures for stretchable electronics
Buffer structures are provided that can be used to reduce a strain in a conformable electronic system that includes compliant components in electrical communication with more rigid device components. The buffer structures are disposed on, or at least partially embedded in, the conformable electronic system such that the buffer structures overlap with at least a portion of a junction region between a compliant component and a more rigid device component. The buffer structure can have a higher value of Young's modulus than an encapsulant of the conformable electronic system.
Multilayer ceramic electronic part to be embedded in board and printed circuit board having multilayer ceramic electronic part embedded therein
There is provided a multilayer ceramic electronic part to be embedded in a board, including: a ceramic body including dielectric layers; first and second internal electrodes having first and second leads; and first and second external electrodes, wherein when lengths from edges of the first or second external electrode formed on first and second side surfaces of the ceramic body to points at which the first or second external electrode contacts the first and second leads are G1, lengths from the edges of the first or second external electrode formed on first and second side surfaces of the ceramic body to a corresponding end surface of the ceramic body are BW1, and lengths from the corresponding end surface of the ceramic body to points at which the first or second external electrode contacts the first and second leads are M1, 30 μm≦G1
Wiring board with built-in capacitor
A wiring board with built-in capacitors includes a core substrate, and a high dielectric sheet including a lower electrode layer, an upper electrode layer and a dielectric layer, the dielectric layer made of a sintered ceramic body and sandwiched between the lower electrode layer and the upper electrode layer, the lower electrode layer and/or the upper electrode layer being partitioned into multiple electrodes such that the high dielectric sheet has multiple capacitors. The lower electrode layer and/or the upper electrode layer is connected to a ground line and the other one of the lower electrode layer and the upper electrode layer is connected to a power line such that the capacitors are electrically connected in parallel.
Porous alumina templates for electronic packages
Interposers and methods of making the same are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, an interposer includes a region having first and second oppositely facing surfaces and a plurality of pores, each pore extending in a first direction from the first surface towards the second surface, wherein alumina extends along a wall of each pore; a plurality of electrically conductive connection elements extending in the first direction, consisting essentially of aluminum and being electrically isolated from one another by at least the alumina; a first conductive path provided at the first surface for connection with a first component external to the interposer; and a second conductive path provided at the second surface for connection with a second component external to the interposer, wherein the first and second conductive paths are electrically connected through at least some of the connection elements.
A circuit including a flexible substrate and at least one electric element attached to the substrate, the substrate including at least one cavity arranged near the electric element and helping to break or distort the electric element in response to a flexion or stretching of the substrate. Application in particular is to the manufacture of tear-proof electronic micromodules.
Network communication device
A network communication device is disclosed. The network communication device includes a circuit board, a network connector, a network chip and a plurality of network magnetic assemblies. The network connector, the network chip and the network magnetic assemblies are disposed on the circuit board. The network magnetic assemblies are electrically connected with the network connector and the network chip, respectively. Each of the network magnetic assemblies includes an Ethernet transformer and at least one inductor. The Ethernet transformer is electrically connected in series with the inductor via a conductive trace of the circuit board. The spaced distance or a path length of the conductive trace between the Ethernet transformer and the inductor of the at least one network magnetic assembly is less than a first specific length.
Printed circuit board with reduced emission of electro-magnetic radiation
A printed circuit board including a first outer layer, a second outer layer and an integrated circuit mounted on the second outer layer. The integrated circuit has a single exposed pad electrically connected to a ground reference, a first supply pin electrically connected to a first power supply and a second supply pin electrically connected to a second power supply, wherein the first power supply is configured to generate a first supply current with frequency components higher than the frequency components of a second supply current generated by the second power supply.
Circuit board system comprising a cooling arrangement
A circuit board system includes a circuit board (101), at least one electrical component (102), and a conductor part (103) in heat conducting relation with the electrical component. A surface of the circuit board includes a portion (104) that is uneven so as to increase the surface area of the portion. The portion is coated with a coating (105) made of conductor material so that a surface of the coating is uneven. The circuit board includes a heat conductive pathway (106) made of conductor material and extending from the conductor part to the coating. Thus, the coating operates as a cooling element for cooling the electrical component.
Printed wiring board
A printed wiring board includes a first resin insulation layer, a second resin insulation layer formed on the first insulation layer and having an opening portion, a mounting conductive layer formed on the first resin insulation layer in the opening portion of the second resin insulation layer such that the mounting conductive layer has a surface exposed by the opening portion, an electronic component positioned in the opening portion of the second resin insulation layer such that the electronic component is mounted on the surface of the mounting conductive layer, and a heat-dissipating via conductor formed in the first resin insulation layer such that the heat-dissipating via conductor is connected to the mounting conductive layer formed on the first resin insulation layer.
Circuit for reducing flicker in a lighting load
A circuit for controlling a lighting load may operate to minimize flicker in the lighting load and electromagnetic interference (EMI) noise generated on an AC voltage supply for the lighting load. The circuit comprises a bus-voltage-generating circuit for generating a bus voltage, a load regulation circuit having an inverter circuit, and a high speed control circuit characterized by a cutoff frequency much greater than a frequency of a voltage ripple on the bus voltage. The control circuit may comprise an error amplifier circuit configured to spread the frequency of operation of the inverter circuit at a set intensity level of the lighting load into a spread spectrum of frequencies to reduce the time average of peaks of the spectrum of frequencies and peak EMI levels. The circuit may also comprise a non-linear amplifier circuit amplifying a lamp-current-feedback signal representative of the magnitude of the load current through the lighting load.
Theatrical effects controller
Provided is a system for controlling lighting effects. The system comprises a controller and one or more wireless dimmer devices with incorporated digital effects engine. The controller transmits wirelessly and effects parameters to the wireless dimmer devices. The dimmer devices receive the effects parameters, generate output effects parameters using the digital effects engine, and provide the output effects parameters to either dimmer output channels or DMX output channels. The digital effect engine comprises a low frequency oscillator and several random number generators. The random number generators may be used to modulate frequency of the low frequency oscillator and modulate a level of each dimmer output channel. The random number generators are configured to generate independent strings of pseudo-random numbers.
Illumination light source
An illumination light source includes: a light-emitting unit; a disturbance detecting unit which detects a specific disturbance; a timer circuit that times a first period and a second period, the first period starting from when the disturbance detecting unit detects the specific disturbance, a second period immediately following after the first period; and a driving circuit that turns ON the light-emitting unit at a start of the first period, causes the light-emitting unit to emit light during the first period, causes the light-emitting unit to emit light that is different from the light emitted during the second period, and turns OFF the light-emitting unit at an end of the second period.
Coordinated wearable lighting system
A coordinated lighting system capable of affixation to a wearable garment is provided. According to more particular aspects of the invention, the system includes: a controller and a plurality of light emitting diodes (LEDs) arranged as a chain, at least one of the plurality of LEDs operatively connected to the controller. The controller is configured to: determine at least one of (a) a quantity of the plurality of LEDs and (b) an arrangement of the plurality of LEDs; and generate one or more lighting instructions based on the at least one of (a) the quantity of the plurality of LEDs and (b) the arrangement of the plurality of LEDs. A method for providing a coordinated lighting system is also provided.
The lighting system includes a plurality of controllers each configured to control one or more lighting apparatuses. Each controller is configured to associate a set of coordinates of a position in an image taken by an image sensor thereof with an address of the lighting apparatus selected as a control object of a particular controller out of the other controllers. Each controller is configured to, when a person is detected by the image processing unit thereof, determine the set of coordinates of a position of the detected person; and, when the lighting apparatus associated with the determined set of coordinates is the control object of the particular controller, send a control signal to the particular controller. The particular controller is configured to, upon receiving the control signal, light the lighting apparatus corresponding to the determined set of coordinates.
LED lighting circuit, LED illumination device, and LED illumination unit socket
The purpose of the present invention is to provide an LED lighting circuit, which can normally light an LED even if an alternating current power supply is an electronic transformer, an LED illuminating device, and a socket for an LED illuminating unit. Disclosed is an LED lighting circuit includes a rectifier circuit for rectifying an AC output from an AC power supply, an LED drive unit, which drives the LED by having rectifying output inputted thereto from the rectifying circuit, a reverse current preventing unit, which is provided between the rectifying circuit and the LED drive unit, and a terminal voltage control unit, which reduces the output terminal voltage of the rectifying circuit in the case where the alternating current output from the alternating current power supply is unstable or stopped. Also provided are an LED illuminating device, and a socket for an LED illuminating unit.
A lighting device using an electroluminescent material, in which color mixing and dimming can be performed by a simple method, is provided. A lighting device including a first light-emitting element and a second light-emitting element which emits light having a wavelength longer than that of light emitted from the first light-emitting element and starts to emit light at a lower voltage than the first light-emitting element, is provided. The first light-emitting element and the second light-emitting element are connected in parallel, whereby a mixed color of emission colors of the first light-emitting element and the second light-emitting element is controlled by a voltage applied to the first light-emitting element and the second light-emitting element.
Using individual cluster-level power regulation circuits to extend LED light life
A light emitting device can comprise a light emitter for emitting light at a defined light intensity and circuitry connecting a power source to the light emitter. The circuitry can adjust power provided to the light emitter over time to compensate for inefficiencies due to circuit and light emitter degradation. A more consistent light intensity of the emitted light over a life of the light emitting device and an improved life expectancy of the light emitter can be achieved than what would result if the power was not adjusted over time to offset degradation effects.
Driver circuit and driving method for LED lighting device
Driver circuit and driving method for an LED lighting device are provided. The driver circuit includes an AC power supply, a dimmer, a transformer, and/or a dimming control circuit. The dimming control circuit includes a filtering unit, a rectifying unit, a boost converter unit, a control-signal conversion unit, and/or a buck converter unit. A dimming position is defined at a point in the driver circuit to perform a dimming control process of the LED lighting device by the dimmer. A voltage corresponding to the point is boosted by the boost converter unit to provide a boosted voltage. The boosted voltage is sampled and converted by the control-signal conversion unit into an analog control voltage signal acceptable by a buck converter unit. The buck converter unit alters an amount of a current of the LED lighting device, after receiving the analog control voltage signal.
Compact converter plug for LED light strings
Disclosed is a compact converter plug that can be used with LED lighting strings. The converter plug has a size and shape that is comparable to a standard wall plug and is capable of plugging into a standard wall socket. The converter plug is waterproof and can be easily assembled. A unique converter circuit is utilized that is compact and highly efficient. Monitoring is performed by a transformer coil that generates a monitoring signal. The converter is controlled by controlling the modulation frequency of a direct current signal using a controller.
An oscillation circuit includes: a ramp voltage generating unit configured to generate a ramp voltage; and a clock signal generating unit configured to generate a clock signal. The clock signal generating unit includes: a bias unit configured to apply one of the ramp voltage and a fixed voltage, as a bias voltage, to a resistor; and an oscillator configured to determine an oscillation frequency of the clock signal in response to a bias current flowing through the resistor.
Wave choke system for an oven door of a microwave oven
A wave choke system for an oven door of a microwave oven has an elongated channel for an outer portion of the oven door and an elongated cover sheet covering partially the width of an open longitudinal side of the channel. The cover sheet includes a plurality of slots extending perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the cover sheet. Each slot includes an open end at a longitudinal edge of the cover sheet and a closed end on the opposite side of the open end, a broadening in a central portion of the slot, a first small portion between the open end and the broadening and a second small portion between the broadening and the closed end. The slots are reciprocally intersected, so that the contours of the slots and the intermediate pieces between the slots are formed complementarily to each other.
Forming insulated conductors using a final reduction step after heat treating
A method for forming an insulated conductor heater includes placing an insulation layer over at least part of an elongated, cylindrical inner electrical conductor. An elongated, cylindrical outer electrical conductor is placed over at least part of the insulation layer to form the insulated conductor heater. One or more cold working/heat treating steps are performed on the insulated conductor heater. The cold working/heat treating steps include: cold working the insulated conductor heater to reduce a cross-sectional area of the insulated conductor heater by at least about 30% and heat treating the insulated conductor heater at a temperature of at least about 870° C. The cross-sectional area of the insulated conductor heater is then reduced by an amount ranging between about 5% and about 20% to a final cross-sectional area.
Method and apparatus for establishing connections in a wireless network
A first communication device listens, during advertise states of the first communication device, for probe requests from one or more second communication devices on a first channel included in a plurality of channels. At least some respective lengths of the advertise states of the first communication device are different. When one or more first probe requests are received from the one or more second communication devices during the advertise states of the first communication device, the first communication device transmits one or more first probe responses responsive to the one or more first probe requests. The first communication device transmits second probe requests on respective second channels during respective search states of the first communication device, and listens, during the search states, for one or more second probe responses on the second channels.
Virtualization of control plane functions of a wireless core packet network
A capability is provided for virtualizing control plane functions of a wireless core packet network (WCPN). A forwarding element (FE) is configured to provide a set of data plane functions of the WCPN. A virtual control element (VCE) is configured to provide a set of control plane functions of the WCPN. The VCE includes a set of virtual machines (VMs) where at least one of the VMs is configured to detect a condition associated with a tunnel, for a wireless terminal (WT), between the FE and a wireless access device (WAD) configured to serve the WT, and propagate, toward the FE, a message comprising a tunnel command configured to instruct the FE to at least one of install, remove, or modify a tunnel rule associated with the tunnel between the FE and the WAD. The tunnel enables the WT to access a packet data network (PDN).
Hybrid contention mechanism for WLANs
Techniques are presented herein for providing hybrid contention mechanisms for a wireless medium. A first wireless device (e.g., a wireless access point) that serves a plurality of second wireless devices (e.g., client devices) in a wireless network, groups the plurality of second wireless devices into sets based on commonality of the second wireless devices in terms of one or more of: power requirements and throughput requirements. A time interval on a wireless channel during which the second wireless devices may contend for usage of the wireless medium is partitioned into a plurality of disjoint or overlapping contention periods. Each set of second wireless devices is assigned to a corresponding one of the plurality of contention periods such that only second wireless devices in each set contend for access to the wireless channel during the corresponding contention period assigned to that set.
A communication apparatus includes: a processor; and memory storing instructions that, when executed by the processor, causes the processor to execute: receiving identification information of a first device of the slave station devices from the first device through the master station device; transmitting, in a specific case where the master station device is disconnected from the first wireless network, a first type command to the first device by using the identification information of the first device, wherein the first type command is a command for establishing a state where a transmission source device and a transmission destination device thereof belong to a same wireless network; and establishing, when the first type command is transmitted to the first device, a first state where the communication apparatus and the first device belong to a second wireless network different from the first wireless network.
Pre-allocated random access identifiers
Systems and methods of pre-allocating identifiers to wireless devices for use in requesting resources over a random access channel are described. A wireless communication system includes a random access channel over which wireless devices can anonymously send requests for resources. The base stations receiving and processing the anonymous requests reduces the probability of random access channel collisions and conserves the resources needed to support the anonymous requests by pre-allocating one or more identifiers to select wireless devices. The wireless devices having the pre-allocated codes can transmit a particular code over the random access channel as a request for resources that uniquely identifies the requester.
There is provided a method, comprising: receiving, by a target node of a wireless access network, a signal from a first source node; determining the angular sector in which the first source node is located with respect to the target node; responding to the signal by both transmitting a first message omni-directionally and transmitting a second message directionally towards the angular sector; and establishing a first resource reservation on a frequency channel at least partly on the basis of transmitting the first message and the second message, wherein the first resource reservation is for performing directional data transfer with the first source node.
Intelligent backhaul radio with multi-interface switching
A intelligent backhaul system is disclosed to manage and control multiple intelligent backhaul radios within a geographic zone. The intelligent backhaul system includes multiple intelligent backhaul radios (IBRs) that are able to function in both obstructed and unobstructed line of sight propagation conditions, one or more intelligent backhaul controllers (IBCs) connecting the IBRs with other network elements, and an intelligent backhaul management system (IBMS). The IBMS may include a private and/or public server and/or agents in one or more IBRs or IBCs.
Transmission device, receiving device, transmission method and receiving method
A base station (100) transmits a DL grant for a terminal (200) by mapping it to an R-PDCCH region, thus transmitting a series of data groups to the terminal (200) by the SPS method. A transmission control unit (102) sets in the R-PDCCH region a control resource region which maps a data resource and the DL grant in a resource block group common in frames to be transmitted by the SPS method.A resource region which was defined as a control resource region in a first frame to be transmitted among a plurality of frames to be transmitted is defined as a data resource in a second or subsequent frame to be transmitted.
Resource management system and method for inter-cell interference coordination in wireless communication system
A resource management system and method for inter-cell interference coordination and channel information feedback in a mobile communication system are provided. The resource management method includes transmitting an Almost Blank Subframe (ABS) set from a first base station to a second base station, transmitting a reference resource configuration set for channel measurement and a Radio Link Monitor/Radio Resource Measurement (RLM/RRM) for radio resource measurement from the second base station to a terminal, and scheduling, at the second base station, the terminal in a subframe selected from the ABS set.
Feedback resource mapping in wireless communications
In an ad hoc network a feedback radio resource maps from a data radio resource to at least one frequency sub-band which the data resource excludes. The feedback resource is also spaced in time from the data resource by a predetermined interval. Feedback (ACK/NACK) for data received in the data resource is then sent in the feedback resource. In various embodiments the sub-band is one or more edges of the data resource channel, or edges of a component carrier. The predetermined interval may be a function of how much of the data resource is occupied by data. The data transmitting device delays sending its data by a time offset from the end of a previous transmission on that channel, or if it does not know the end time it delays until the predetermined interval plus the length of the feedback resource have lapsed. Various synchronization aspects are also disclosed.
Method, apparatus, and system for medium access control
Embodiments addressing MAC processing for efficient use of high throughput systems are disclosed. In one aspect, an apparatus comprises a first layer for receiving one or more packets from one or more data flows and for generating one or more first layer Protocol Data Units (PDUs) from the one or more packets. In another aspect, a second layer is deployed for generating one or more MAC frames based on the one or more MAC layer PDUs. In another aspect, a MAC frame is deployed for transmitting one or more MAC layer PDUs. The MAC frame may comprise a control channel for transmitting one or more allocations. The MAC frame may comprise one or more traffic segments in accordance with allocations.
Methods and devices for scheduling transmissions in a wireless network based on contention and channel conditions
Methods and systems for assigning time-division multiplexed (TDM) slots in a multi-channel TDM system are presented. Preferably, a radio access network (RAN) assigns forward link and reverse link transmissions between the RAN and one or more wireless communication devices (WCDs) to TDM slots on various wireless channels. When making these assignments, the RAN may take into account (i) the priority of data that the RAN queues for the WCDs, and (ii) the signal quality at which the WCDs can receive the various wireless channels.
Switching of users between co-existence wireless systems
Techniques for switching user equipments (UEs) between wireless systems are disclosed. A UE may be located within the coverage of a plurality of wireless systems and may communicate with a first wireless system among the plurality of wireless systems. The plurality of wireless systems may include a WLAN system and a cellular system and/or may be part of a small cell. Metrics of the UE for the plurality of wireless systems may be determined. The metrics may be related to one or more of efficiency, service charge, service subscription, application type, or buffer size. Whether to switch the UE from the first wireless system to another wireless system may be determined based on the metrics. In one design, switching priorities of the UE for the plurality of wireless systems may be determined based on the metrics and may be used to determine whether to switch the UE.
Dynamic frequency assignment based on both the distance from eNodeB and the loss of a band-pass filter
During a communication session, a filter in the RAN may filter signals sent over the communication pathway. When the filter filters signals sent over communication pathway, it may also cause some filter loss in the signals. The amount of the filter loss may vary as a function of frequency. Before the start of a communication session, the RAN may determine a filter loss for a given frequency. Because a higher filter loss indicates the RAN will transmit (or receive) a weaker signal, it may be undesirable to transmit signals to WCDs that are located a far distance from the RAN with frequencies having high filter losses. Thus, once the RAN has determined a filter loss for a given frequency, the RAN may reserve the given frequency for use in communication between the RAN and at least one WCD based on a distance between the WCD and the RAN.
Hybrid band radio with data direction determined by a link performance metric
A hybrid band intelligent backhaul radio (HB-IBR) is disclosed that is a combination of two radios operating in different bands. Embodiments include a dual radio configuration wherein a first radio operates in a non-line of sight (NLOS) radio link configuration and a second ancillary radio operates in a near line of sight or line of sight configuration (n)LOS. For example, the HB-IBR may have an Intelligent Backhaul Radio (IBR) operating in the non-line of sight mode of operation within the 5.8 GHz unlicensed band, and have an ancillary radio link operating in the FCC part 101 E band of operation at 60 GHz. A common medium access control (MAC) block may be utilized between the dual radios.
Method and apparatus for transmitting control information in wireless communication system
The present invention relates to a method for receiving a downlink control signal in a TDD-based wireless communication system, and to an apparatus therefor. The method comprises receiving a downlink signal via a downlink interval in a specific frame including the downlink interval, a guard interval and an uplink interval. A combination of the downlink interval, the guard interval and the uplink interval is given using configuration information on the specific subframe. When the configuration information is given such that the length of the downlink interval is larger than a specific value, detecting a first type of PDCCH is performed in the specific subframe. When the configuration information is given such that the length of the downlink interval is equal to or smaller than the specific value, detecting the first type of PDCCH is skipped in the specific subframe.
Resilient forwarding of packets in an ARC chain topology network
One embodiment includes: forwarding a particular packet through an Available Routing Construct (ARC) chain topology network. In one embodiment, this forwarding includes: sending the particular packet by each particular non-edge node on an arc of the plurality of arcs receiving the particular packet to each sibling on the arc that did not send the particular packet to said particular non-edge node, while not sending the particular packet if it was received from both siblings of said particular edge node; and sending the particular packet to a respective child node on a second arc of the plurality of arcs by each particular edge node of two edge nodes on the arc after receiving the particular packet. In one embodiment, the network is a wireless deterministic network with pre-assigned time slots for receiving and subsequently sending a same particular packet by each node of the network.
Systems and methods to conserve power of machine-to-machine devices using a shared data channel
Methods, systems, and devices are described for managing wireless communications in a machine-to-machine (M2M) wireless Wide Area Network (WAN). A traffic slot map is generated. The traffic slot map identifies one or more first time slots and one or more second time slots. First data is transmitted during the one or more first time slots at a first data rate. Second data is transmitted during the one or more second time slots at a second data rate. The traffic slot map is broadcasted to one or more M2M devices during a traffic slot of a first forward link frame at a beginning of a traffic channel cycle.
Method and apparatus for supporting communications in a heterogeneous network
A method, an apparatus, and a computer program product for wireless communication are provided in which an apparatus may determine broadcast channel scheduling information for one or more broadcasts of a payload by a broadcast channel associated with a first base station based on one or more broadcast channel interference coordination schemes, wherein reception of the broadcast channel associated with the first base station is interfered at least in part based on one or more transmissions from a second base station, and receive the payload based on the determined broadcast channel scheduling information.
Method for detecting a downlink control structure for carrier aggregation
This invention relates with a method for detecting a downlink control structure for carrier aggregation in communication network in which data transmission is scheduled by a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH). An UE receives higher layer signaling enabling carrier aggregation for the UE. The UE reads the PDCCHs of component carriers (CCs), wherein the downlink control information (DCI) in the PDCCHs of each CC is read according to one of a plurality of predefined formats derived from the higher layer signaling.
Enhanced physical downlink control channel (ePDCCH)
Technology for transmitting a distributed control channel element (CCE) for an enhanced physical downlink control channel (ePDCCH) and a localized CCE in a physical resource block (PRB) pair from a node and technology for physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) physical resource block (PRB) allocation with at least one enhanced physical downlink control channel (ePDCCH) at a wireless device is disclosed. One method can include a node precoding at least one distributed CCE and at least one localized CCE for the PRB pair. The node can transmit the at least one distributed CCE for transmit diversity using at least two user equipment-specific reference signal (UERS) ports and transmitting the at least one localized CCE in the PRB pair. The at least two UERS ports can be used to transmit two CCEs.
Multi-waveform and wireless very high throughput radio system
A very high speed SHF-EHF radio system having a very large capacity of several gigabits comprises at least one ultra-wideband base station and an ultra-wideband and multiuse terminal for very high speed wireless systems providing point-to-multipoint transmission of a plurality of simultaneous waveforms in order to provide a plurality of subscribers or customers of various types with multiple services. The base and the terminal comprise ultra-wideband transmitter/receiver means which are capable of exchanging a plurality of waveforms delivered by multiplexes of various modems. The radio of the base has at least one microwave spectrum generator for the multiplexes optimized for each service and for any type of customer. The transmitter/receiver of the radio of the terminal is suited to operating in the subband of the downlink channel and in at least one of the two-way subbands.
User equipment with timer controller
As a result of ISR being enabled between a portable terminal device and a network which are capable of communicating by using the communication protocols of a plurality of wireless access technologies, the portable terminal device performs position registration processing between the plurality of wireless access technologies and the portable terminal device each time a fixed period of time elapses, and the portable terminal device is able to move between the plurality of wireless access technologies that have already been registered, without conducting new position registration processing. At this time, if there is a possibility of there being a difference in ISR states (activated or not activated) between the portable terminal device and the network, the portable terminal device ignores any instructions issued by the network for ISR to be enabled in the portable terminal device.
Apparatus and method for controlling whether to provide location information in broadband wireless access system
A method and an apparatus for operating a server in a wireless access system are provided. The method includes receiving a request for location information of a mobile station, transmitting a measurement request message for requesting measurement data used for location determination of the mobile station, receiving a measurement response message comprising at least one of a rejection code and a rejection duration, and transmitting a notification that the request for the location information is rejected.
Initiator-conditioned fine timing measurement service request
Embodiments for providing initiator-conditioned fine timing measurement service request are generally described herein. In some embodiments, a range management module is arranged to initiate transmission of a fine timing measurement request message for determining a timing measurement to a responding device. Timing measurement information is received in response to the transmission of the fine timing measurement request message. The timing measurement information is received according to the condition instructions provided in the fine timing measurement request message. A timing measurement is calculated based on the timing of receiving the timing measurement information.
Wireless device location derived from base station signaling
Embodiments disclosed herein provide systems and methods for deriving a wireless device location from base station signaling. In a particular embodiment, a method provides monitoring signaling transmitted by a base station serving a plurality of wireless communication devices. The method further provides identifying a wireless communication device of the plurality of wireless communication devices from the signaling and identifying an active set carried in the signaling that is associated with the wireless communication device. The method further provides determining a location of the wireless communication device based on the active set.
Systems, methods and media for small cell idle mode mobility
Systems and methods for small cell idle mode mobility include receiving, at a first small cell of a preconfigured cluster of small cells, a mobility area update request from a user equipment (UE). The method can also include registering location information of the UE with a small cell gateway, and retrieving a core network periodic timer for the UE from a mobility server. If certain conditions are met, the first small cell forwards the mobility area update request to a core network via the small cell gateway. Otherwise, the method can include the first small cell updating the location information of the UE with the mobility server, generating a locally-generated mobility area update accept message, and sending a locally generated mobility area update accept message to the UE along with a local periodic timer instructing the UE to send another mobility area update request when the local periodic timer expires.
Recursive time synchronization protocol method for wireless sensor networks
The recursive time synchronization protocol method for wireless sensor networks provides a modified and extended RTSP method to make it work with clustered networks. In case of non-clustered or flat network, each node is assumed to be a clusterhead in order to run the RTSP method correctly. The RTSP method involves the election of a reference node, and compensation for offset and drift. Simulation results show that the extended RTSP method further improves the accuracy and energy consumption, i.e., it can provide an average accuracy of 0.23 μs in a large multi-hop clustered network while using only 1/7th of the energy consumed by FTSP in the long run.
Managing reserved cells and user equipments in an MBSFN environment within a wireless communication system
In a first configuration, an apparatus determines subframes, in a radio frame, used by one or more neighboring BSs for providing services, and sends information to a UE indicating the determined subframes. In a second configuration, an apparatus determines subframes, in a radio frame, used by one or more neighboring BSs for providing services, transmits with a first power in remaining subframes other than the determined subframes in the radio frame, determines a second power based on the first power such that a difference between the second power and the first power is less than a threshold, and transmits with the second power in a subset of symbols in the determined subframes. In a third configuration, an apparatus receives information from a BS indicating subframes, in a radio frame, used by one or more neighboring BSs for providing services, and adjusts an AGC gain based on the indicated subframes.
Method for terminal deciding uplink transmission power in macro cell environment comprising remote radio head (RRH), and terminal apparatus for same
Disclosed is a method for a terminal deciding an uplink transmission power in a macro cell environment, comprising at least one remote radio head (RRH). The method for the terminal deciding the uplink transmission power, comprises the steps of: receiving from the base station configuration information on the base station and on a state channel information-reference signal (CSI-RS) of the at least one RRH and CSI-RS transmission power information; measuring the strength of a received signal of the CSI-RS which is received from the at least one RRH; and estimating downlink path loss that corresponds to a node that is set as a reception point or a reception RRH by using the configuration information on the CSI-RS and the CSI-RS transmission power information.
Method and apparatus for economizing power consumption in wireless products
Various of the disclosed embodiments concern efficiency improvements in wireless products. For example, some embodiments specify profiles for regional and custom-specified operational constraints. The profiles may be retrieved from across a network or stored locally upon the device. The profiles may specify various configuration adjustments that optimize the system's performance. For example, when possible, some embodiments may allow the system to operate at a lower power level and to thereby save energy. Various factors and conditions may be assessed in some embodiments prior to adjusting the existing power configuration.
Power management for wireless networks
Embodiments provide techniques for device power management in wireless networks. For instance, an apparatus may include a power management module, and a transceiver module. The power management module determines a beacon interval and a wakeup interval. The transceiver module to send a transmission to one or more remote devices that includes the beacon interval and the wakeup interval. The beacon interval indicates a time interval between consecutive beacon transmissions of the apparatus, and the wakeup interval indicates a time interval between when the apparatus receives two consecutive beacons from a peer device.
Wireless wake-up device for cellular module
A control device may wake-up a target wireless device through a wired or wireless communications channel. In an implementation, the control device and the wireless device may include a cellular module (e.g., global systems for mobile communications (GSM) capability) to implement an on-demand wake-up call. The on-demand wake-up call may allow the control device to perform at least one task at the wireless device without user intervention at the wireless device.
Circuit arrangement and a method for communication network search and signal power measurement
A circuit arrangement is provided. The circuit arrangement may include: a processing circuit configured to receive a pre-processed signal at a first data rate during a first time period, the processing circuit further configured to perform a communications network search by processing the pre-processed signal at a first processing clock frequency during the first time period, and to perform the communications network search by processing the pre-processed signal at a second processing clock frequency during a second time period, wherein the second time period commences after the first time period, and wherein the second processing clock frequency is greater than the first processing clock frequency.
Systems, methods, and apparatus for reducing mobile device power consumption relative to periodic data packet transfers
This disclosure describes systems, methods, and apparatus for aligning data packet transmission calls to a modem processor 304, 306, 308 of a mobile communication device 300 in order to enable the modem processor 304, 306, 308 to remain in a dormant state for a greater percentage of time. Alignment can be carried out via a function of a library at the applications layer or via an automated method carried out at the network protocol stack where modification of applications via an API provided by the library is not required. For alignment at the applications layer, calls for data packet transmissions can be timed such that periodic calls occur at substantially the same time. For alignment at the network protocol stack, periodic data packet transmission calls can be identified, their periodicity determined, and certain of the calls can be delayed such that periodic calls occur substantially at the same time.
Reducing power consumption in a wireless communication system
A network interface of an access point device is configured to transmit to one or more first client stations in a first basic service set (BSS) a first value of a first parameter that indicates a time duration during which the access point device will not dissociate a client station due to not receiving at least one frame from the client station, and transmit to one or more second client stations in a second BSS a second value of the first parameter. The first value of the first parameter is at least an order of magnitude larger than the second value of the first parameter.
Systems and methods for monitoring the size of a wireless network
Systems and methods for monitoring the number of neighboring wireless devices in a wireless network are described herein. In one aspect, the method includes receiving a message from one of the neighboring wireless devices having an identifier associated with the neighboring wireless device and adding the identifier into a Bloom filter. The method may further include estimating the number of distinct strings that have been added into the Bloom filter based on the number of zeros in the Bloom filter, the number of distinct strings representing an estimate of the number of neighboring wireless devices in the wireless network.
Method for internet protocol-based sleep mode control using synchronization information
A method for Internet Protocol based sleep mode control using synchronization information includes setting some of the IP-based internal hosts of a sleep mode control network to a sleep mode, providing, by a base station, a synchronization signal with respect to the overall network, thereby transferring the synchronization information of a PHY/MAC layer based on a response thereto to an internal router, and updating, by the internal router having received the synchronization information of the network layer from the base station, the state of the corresponding hosts to a sleep mode, and then transmitting, by the internal router, information about the internal hosts in a sleep mode to the external hosts of a history information list because the internal router stores the history information of the external hosts that have communicated with the internal hosts in a sleep mode in the form of a list.
Network connection system of network electronic device and method allowing a terminal device to access an electronic device connected behind a router without a NAT loopback function
A method allowing a terminal device to access an electronic device connected behind a router without a NAT loopback function that includes following steps: sending a connection request having identification information to a network bridge device by a terminal device to connect to the network electronic device; sending a broadcast signal by the terminal device to search the network electronic device if the terminal device is unable to connect to the network electronic device according to the identification information; sending a response signal to the terminal device after the network electronic device receiving the broadcast signal; allowing the terminal device to connect to the network electronic device according to the response signal.
Signal strength guided intra-cell upstream data forwarding
Intra-cell upstream data forwarding is utilized in a wireless network such as a wireless local area network. A network forwarding path is determined based on the signal strength of an access point signal received at client stations within the network, referred to as the OASS. In particular embodiments, a station that is either originating or forwarding a frame inserts its own OASS into the frame before transmitting it and a client station that receives a frame forwards it only if its own OASS exceeds the frame-enclosed OASS, illustratively by at least a predetermined amount.
Wireless communication device and method for handover in wireless communication networks
A communication terminal device and method operable to control a handover is disclosed. A connection is made to a first wireless communication network. If occurrence of a handover factor is detected, a search is made for a second wireless communication network based on a detection order, and handoff is made.
Communication terminal, communication system, and method for operating communication terminal
A communication terminal (30) includes a wireless communication unit (31) for transmitting and receiving radio signals, and a determination unit (transmission/reception timing adjustment unit 132) for determining a transmission period and a reception period in which the wireless communication unit (31) transmits and receives radio signals. In a case where a connection destination is switched from a first communication device currently in communication into a second communication device, when the second communication device transmits a predetermined signal in a transmission period for the communication with the first communication device, the determination unit changes a part of the transmission period for the communication with the first communication device into a reception period, to receive the predetermined signal from the second communication device.
Method and apparatus at the physical and link layer for mobile communications
In a cellular telecommunications network, a mobile communication system to offload data traffic from base stations to small-node devices, includes a radio base station, a plurality of small-node devices, a macro-base-station-to-the-small-node-device (BS2D) communication section configured to receive a first control-plane message from the radio base station over a BS2D communication link, a small-node-device-to-user-equipment (D2UE) communication section configured to transmit user-plane data to a user equipment over a wireless D2UE communication link established responsive to the first control-plane message, and a center small-node device. The center small-node device includes a buffer section, a backhaul communication section configured to receive the user-plane traffic data from a server over a backhaul link, and is configured to manage D2UE connections between the plurality of small-node devices and the mobile station, buffer data to be transmitted in downlink and uplink for the plurality of small-node devices, and conduct a link adaptation for the D2UE connections.
Method for implementing autonomous management of radio resources across dual networks
Managing radio resources across dual networks includes a wireless mobile device connecting to a first wireless network using a first radio access technology. The wireless device may notify the first network of a capability to be temporarily non-responsive to the first network while maintaining a signaling connection to the first network. The wireless device may communicate with a second network. The wireless device may return to communicating with the first network subsequent to communicating with the second network, and in response to communicating with the second network for less than a predetermined amount of time, the wireless device may send a scheduling request to the first network. In response to receiving a grant acknowledgement from the first network, the wireless device may send a buffer status report that includes a value such as zero to indicate that the wireless device has returned to and can communicate with the first network.
Method and apparatus of feedback signaling
A method and apparatus of feedback signaling using a high speed dedicated physical control channel (HS-DPCCH) includes transmitting to a first cell a first uplink feedback signal that includes channel quality information (CQI) associated with the first cell A second uplink feedback signal that includes CQI information associated with a second cell is transmitted to the second cell.
Methods and apparatus for use in improving network coverage for voice or data calls
To improve network coverage or reduce false handover triggering, at least one client terminal is set to operate as a virtual access point (VAP) in a first wireless network by an AP controller. If a mobile device detects that a signal quality estimate of communications via an AP or the first wireless network is below a first value, the mobile device performs a handover procedure to the VAP. While maintaining the call via the VAP, if the mobile device detects that the signal quality estimate is back above the first value, the mobile device performs a handover procedure back to the AP of the first wireless network. On the other hand, if the mobile device detects that the signal quality estimate is below a second value which is less than the first value, the mobile device performs a vertical handover procedure from the VAP to a base station of a second wireless network.
Systems and methods for pilot signal and control data retransmission
Historical decoding can be performed in accordance with pilot signal retransmission or control information retransmission to reduce the amount network resources consumed during data recovery. In one example, historical decoding is achieved through retransmitting a sub-set of coded bits carried by an earlier transmission, which are compared with a corresponding portion of the original signal (stored in memory) to obtain improved channel state information (CSI) relating to that earlier transmission. In another example, historical decoding is achieved through communicating parity information related to a sub-set of the coded bits carried by an earlier transmission, which are used in accordance with a data aided CSI technique to obtain the improved CSI relating to that earlier transmission. In yet another example, historical decoding is achieved by re-transmitting control information carried by an earlier transmission.
Cell measurement method and terminal
A cell measurement method of a User Equipment (UE) is disclosed. The cell measurement method may include receiving a radio resource configuration dedicated Information Element (IE) and a measurement object from a serving cell. The radio resource configuration dedicated IE may include first information about a measurement resource restriction pattern for a first cell and the measurement object may include a neighbor cell configuration IE for indicating MBMS Single Frequency Network (MBSFN) configurations of one or more neighbor cells. The measurement object may further include second information about a resource restriction pattern indicating subframes on which restriction is imposed in Reference Signal Received Power (RSRP) or Reference Signal Received Quality (RSRQ) measurements of one or more neighbor cells and a list of one or more neighbor cells to which the second information is applied. If the MBSFN configurations of the one or more neighbor cells are not known or not explicitly indicated by the neighbor cell configuration IE, the method may further include determining that the subframes indicated by the second information have not been configured as MBSFN subframes for the one or more neighbor cells listed in the list.
Estimating and utilizing client receive interference cancellation capability in multi-user transmissions
A first device having a plurality of antennas wirelessly transmits multiple series of test packets to a second device having one or more antennas, each series of test packets being transmitted with a different level of interference imposed on the test packets. The first device determines a packet error rate for each series of test packets transmitted by the first device. The first device derives an estimate of an interference cancellation capability of the second device based on the packet error rate for different levels of interference.
System and method for cellular connection selection
A system and method are disclosed for transferring security event data over one of a plurality of cellular networks of different cellular carrier. A minimum acceptable signal quality for a connection between a radio transceiver and a cellular network is set. The signal quality for a connection between the radio transceiver and each of a plurality of cellular network receivers for the different cellular carriers is then determined. The radio transceiver is connected to the cellular network receiver for the cellular carrier exhibiting the greatest signal quality above the minimum acceptable signal quality. If this connection fails or is lost, the radio transceiver is connected to the cellular network receiver for an alternate cellular carrier exhibiting the next greatest acceptable signal quality above the minimum acceptable signal quality. Security event data is then transmitted from the radio transceiver to a remote central monitoring facility over the established cellular connection.
Self-optimizing wireless network
Optimizing a plurality cell sites or sectors in a wireless network including receiving network data regarding a plurality of cell sites or sectors; determining a critical zone in which communication is degraded; determining best neighbor cell sites or sectors among the neighbor cell sites or sectors associated with the critical cell sites or sectors; determining if the critical cell sites or sectors in the critical zone have available resources for achieving a desired improvement in communications; determining if the best neighbor cell sites or sectors have available resources for achieving the desired improvement in communications; and altering wireless network parameters of the critical cell sites or sectors, or the best neighbor cells sites or sectors for achieving the desired improvement in communications. Altering wireless network parameters of the critical cell sites or sectors, or the best neighbor cell sites or sectors is performed continuously until the desired improvement in communications in the wireless network is achieved.
A method for wireless communications includes determining a time division duplex (TDD) configuration of a non-serving network. The method also includes detecting interference from the non-serving network based at least in part on the TDD configuration of the non-serving network. The method further includes signaling an eNodeB of the interference based at least in part on the detecting.
Headless external sensor discovery and data access using mobile device
A device, system, and machine-readable medium for headless sensor measurements are disclosed. In one embodiment, the device is exclusive of a display. The device includes a sensor head to retrieve an amount of measurement data from an environment. The device also includes an I/O interface, a memory, a non-volatile storage, processing logic, and sensor data access protocol (SDAP) manageability code. The SDAP manageability code may cause the processing logic to provide a sensor type and a measurement data payload type to a mobile communication device. The SDAP manageability code additionally may cause the sensor head to take a measurement, receive measurement data from the sensor head, packetize the measurement data, and transfer the measurement data payload to the mobile communication device.
Method for assessing quality of a radio transmission channel, and residential gateway using the method
A method for assessing quality of a transmission channel in a wireless network comprises the steps of a) a first station transmitting a first unicast message to a second station by said transmission channel; b) if no acknowledgement of the first unicast message is received from the second station, the first station transmitting a further unicast message at a higher power level, and c) if an acknowledgment of the first or any further unicast message is received from the second station, assessing the quality of the transmission channel based on the power level or the number of transmissions that were needed to trigger the acknowledgment.
Security of user plane traffic between relay node and radio access network
A gateway apparatus (40) for a user equipment (20) which is connected to a radio-access network via a relay node (10) determines that a dedicated bearer is to be created for a specific type of traffic which is to be transmitted on a data radio bearer to be created between the relay node (10) and a donor node (30) of the radio access network, and includes a parameter into a message requesting creation of the dedicated bearer, which indicates that the dedicated bearer is required for integrity protection or used to carry the specific type of traffic. The message is sent from the gateway apparatus (40) to a mobility management apparatus (50) which includes a second parameter in a message requesting setup of a radio access bearer for the type of traffic based on the parameter. The donor node (30) receives this message, recognizes from the second parameter that integrity protection is required for the data radio bearer, initiates a process to create the data radio bearer for the type of traffic requiring integrity protection, and initiates the integrity protection for the data radio bearer by including an indication that integrity protection is required for the data radio bearer in a connection reconfiguration message for initiating creation of the data radio bearer.
Data communications management
Methods, systems, apparatuses, and/or computer-readable media for providing device management via application modification may be provided. In some embodiments, upon identifying an available wireless network, a determination may be made as to whether the available wireless network comprises an authorized wireless network. In response to determining that the available wireless network comprises the authorized wireless network, a connection may be established with the available wireless network and at least one data communication may be performed via the available wireless network instead of a second network.
Method for presenting information when conducting distributed transactions and structure for implementing same
The invention relates to methods and systems for conducting distributed transactions. The method comprises collecting and transmitting information, setting up a USSD session with a user of a mobile device, and using safe communication channels. The collection of information is performed from information-containing components or GSM/UMTS mobile cellular communication networks or LBS systems of GSM/UMTS mobile cellular communications operators or a GPS system or Wi-Fi positioning systems or combinations thereof. The transmission of information is performed by sending an SMS message to a user's mobile device in the transaction mode via Signaling System No. 7 (SS7) network components. The structure comprises an interface unit, which is connected to the transaction system, an information unit, which is connected to the interface unit and is designed to collect information, an SMS unit, which is connected to the interface unit and to the SS7 network components, and a USSD unit, which has a connection to the interface unit and to the SS7 network components. The setting-up of the USSD session is performed via SS7 network components with a user of a mobile device, which is registered in either a home or a visited GSM/UMTS mobile cellular communication network.
Dynamic dual-mode service access control, location-based billing, and E911 mechanisms
A system that facilitates controlling network access comprises a lookup component that determines a geographic location associated with a public originating IP address, wherein the public originating IP address is associated with a request for dual mode services made by a dual mode client. A comparison component compares the determined geographic location with a retained geographic location associated with the dual mode client and determines whether to enable dual mode services based at least in part upon the comparison.
System and method of securing instant messaging sessions
A wireless communication device, computer program product and method of establishing secure communications between a first wireless communication device and a second wireless communication device for an instant messaging application is provided. Contact information representing a contact associated with a second wireless communication device is received at the first device. The contact information includes capability information. The first device determines from the capability information whether the second device is capable of communicating using an enhanced encryption scheme, and if so, establishes a protected communication session by sending a pass phrase to the second device via an out of band channel and receiving the pass phrase back from the second device via the instant messaging application. Communication between the devices is performed using an enhanced encryption scheme.
Dynamic PSK for hotspots
Systems and methods for providing secured network access are provided. A user device located within range of a hotspot initiates a request sent via an open communication network associated with the hotspot. The request concerns secured network access at the hotspot by the user device. A unique pre-shared key is generated for the user device based on information in the received request and transmitted over the open communication network for display on a webpage accessible to the user device. The unique pre-shared key is stored in association with information regarding the user device. The user device may then use the unique pre-shared key in subsequent requests for secured network access.
Systems and methods of performing link setup and authentication
Systems and methods of performing link setup and authentication are disclosed. A method includes receiving, at a mobile device, a first access point nonce (ANonce) from an access point and generating a first pairwise transient key (PTK) using the first ANonce. The mobile device sends an authentication request including a station nonce (SNonce) to the access point, where the authentication request is protected using the first PTK. The mobile device receives an authentication response including a second ANonce from the access point, where the authentication response is protected using a second PTK. The mobile device generates the second PTK using the second ANonce and the SNonce and uses the second PTK to protect at least one subsequent message to be sent from the mobile device to the access point.
Controlling application access to mobile device functions
There is described a method of controlling application access to predetermined functions of a mobile device (240), the method comprising (a) providing a set of keys, each key corresponding to one of the predetermined functions, (b) receiving (225) an application from an application provider (220, 221, 222, 223) together with information identifying a set of needed functions, (c) generating a signed application by signing the received application with each of the keys that correspond to one of the needed functions identified by the received information, and (d) transmitting (227) information identifying the needed functions and the signed application and a set of access rules to a Secure Element of the mobile device (240). There is also described a device for controlling application access and a system for controlling and authenticating application access. Furthermore, there is described a computer program and a computer program product.
Automatic multimedia upload for publishing data and multimedia content
Disclosed herein is a method and system for utilizing a digital data capture device in conjunction with a Bluetooth (BT) enabled mobile device for publishing data and multimedia content on one or more websites automatically or with minimal user intervention. A client application is provided on the BT enabled mobile device. In the absence of inbuilt BT capability, a BT communication device is provided on the digital data capture device. The BT communication device is paired with the BT enabled mobile device to establish a connection. The client application detects capture of data and multimedia content on the digital data capture device and initiates transfer of the captured data, multimedia content, and associated files. The digital data capture device transfers the captured data, multimedia content, and the associated files to the client application. The client application automatically publishes the transferred data and multimedia content on one or more websites.
Method and system for installation and configuration of a femtocell
Aspects of a method and system for installation and configuration of a femtocell are provided. In this regard, information for configuring a femtocell to operate in a specified location may be received by the femtocell and may be utilized to configure one or more parameters of the femtocell. Once the femtocell is operational the parameters may be updated and/or optimized based on one or both of characterizations of cellular signals and/or information received from a femtocell registry. In this manner the femtocell may be reconfigured utilizing the updated and/or optimized parameters. The one or more parameters may be configured based on attributes of the location in which the femtocell is to operate. The one or more parameters may be configured based on a location, number, and/or coverage area of other femtocells The parameters may comprise one or more of power levels, frequency of operation, and/or antenna beam pattern.
Optimisation method and device in communication networks
The invention relates to a method for optimizing routing to a first user equipment (T1, T2) roaming in a visited network (OP B, OP C) in a communications system comprising at least a home network (OP A), a visited network (OP B, OP C) and a relaying network (IPX, IPX1, IPX2, IPX3, IPX4). The method of the invention comprises storing (2-4, 3-2, 3-4, 3-6) a location information of a first user equipment (T1, T2) to a database (DB) external to the home network (OP A) and the visited network (OP B, OP C), the location information being associated with an identification information of the first user equipment (T1, T2); receiving (2-6, 3-10) a message from a second user equipment (T1, T2); recognizing (3-12) at least one identification information of the first user equipment (T1, T2) in the message; comparing (3-14, 3-16) the identification information stored in the database (DB) with the identification information received in the message; and if the both identification information matches, routing (2-8, 3-26) a communication according to the location information of the first user equipment (T1, T2).
Communication protocol preferences
Systems and methods for the management of communications related to telecommunications-based devices are provided. Telecommunications-based devices initiate requests to gateway computing devices corresponding to a radio communication network to establish data communications. The gateway computing device accepts the communication request and specifies an ordered preference of one or more communication protocols that will be used telecommunications-based devices accessing the wireless communication network. The telecommunications-based device processes the acceptance and selects a communication protocol from the ordered preference provided by the gateway computing device.
Methods and arrangements relating to mobility control information
Mobility history relating to a plurality of cells visited by the user equipment (130) is obtained (210) from the first radio network node (120), Next, mobility control information (120) is generated (220) based on the mobility history. Further, the mobility control information is provided (240, 245) to the radio communication system (100), Moreover, a first radio network node (120) for enabling a network node (110, 150, 160, 170, 180) to generate mobility control information to be used by the radio network node (120) for managing signalling and processing due to mobility events in a radio communication system (100) is provided. The first radio network node (120) collects (260) mobility history relating to a user equipment connected to the first radio network node (120). The first radio network node (120) sends (210) the mobility history to the network node (110), and receives (240) from the network node (110) mobility control information associated with the first radio network node (120).
Method and apparatus for alert message reception
A method can include communicating with a base station of a cellular network. The method can include establishing a data connection with an alternate network with internet protocol connectivity, where the alternate network is an alternate to cellular networks. The method can include requesting, over the alternate network, public warning system messages based on a cellular public warning system message protocol, where the requested public warning system messages are identified as public warning system messages sent by the base station.
Methods and apparatus for providing PTT data buffering support indications from mobile devices and PTT data buffering control by wireless networks
In one illustrative example, a technique in a mobile communication device which is operative in a wireless communication network for Push-To-Talk (PTT) communications involves receiving, at the mobile communication device, presence information associated with at least one other mobile communication device, the presence information including at least one of a current availability indication or capability indication; and buffering a PTT communication prior to its transmission from the mobile communication device based on the presence information. The current availability or capability indication may be an automatic answering indication or a media capability indication, as examples.
Mobile device and control method of the same
Disclosed is a mobile device which voluntarily and easily forms a network under a ubiquitous environment to perform various services and a control method of the same, the mobile device is provided, which includes a communication unit which communicates with at least one counterpart mobile device; a signal processing unit which processes a signal transmitted and received through the communication unit; a display unit which displays an image based on the signal processed by the signal processing unit; a user input unit which receives input by a user; and a controller which controls the communication unit to transmit request signals and perform the community activity with at least one counterpart mobile device.
Method and apparatus for managing configuration information of multicast and broadcast service
For managing MBS configuration information, a terminal decodes an MBS configuration message including configuration information for an MBS operation and a lifetime, and then decodes an MBS configuration message that is transmitted at a time that the lifetime indicates.
Methods, program products, and systems for estimating a location of a mobile device in a venue are provided. The venue can have pathways represented by a path network that includes segments connected by junctions. Estimating the location can include determining a first set of candidate locations for the mobile device, and mapping some of the candidate locations to updated candidate locations that are on or closer to one or more segments of the path network based on distances between the candidate locations and respective segments, resulting in a second set of candidate locations for the mobile device. The location of the mobile device can be derived from the second set of candidate locations.
Systems and methods for filtering communication within a location-based game
Systems and methods for filtering communication within a location-based game are disclosed. In one aspect, a method of filtering communication for a location-based game is disclosed. The method includes receiving, at a computing device, communication data for a plurality of players associated with the location based-game. The method further includes filtering the communication data for each player based on one or more signals associated with the respective player.
Location assistance in a paired device
Embodiments provide an apparatus, a system, a device, and a method. A method includes a method implemented in a second mobile wireless communication device. The method includes transmitting a request for data indicative of a location of a first wireless communication device. The method also includes receiving an affirmative reply to the request for data indicative of a location of a first wireless communication device. The affirmative reply originating from the first wireless communication device and generated in response to an input received from a human user of the first wireless communication device. The method further includes receiving the data indicative of a location of the first wireless communication device. The method may include displaying information usable in directing at least one of a person, vehicle, craft, or airplane associated with the second mobile wireless communication device to the location of the first wireless communication device.
Method for re-enabling aggregation after bluetooth session
In a wireless network, a first wireless device may send a first frame instructing a second wireless device to suspend a block acknowledgement session while the first wireless device is facilitating a Bluetooth operation. When the Bluetooth operation is complete, the first wireless device may send a second frame instructing the second wireless device to resume the block acknowledgement session.
Communicating with an owner of an object without the owner's contact information
A computer program product includes a computer readable storage medium having program instructions embodied therewith, where the program instructions are executable by a processor to cause the processor to perform a method of communication. The method includes a communication hub receiving a message via short range wireless communication directly from a first mobile communication device that is proximate to the communication hub at the time the message is transmitted, and the communication hub receiving the message and automatically forwarding the message via a mobile communications network to a second mobile communication device that is associated with the communication hub without the first mobile communication device identifying the second mobile communication device.
Near field communication system and method for providing an effective antenna that is adaptable for different antenna configurations and locations of a portable device
A near field communication (NFC) system includes a plurality of coils for coupling to an antenna of a portable device, wherein each two adjacent coils are partly overlapped with one another; a multiplexer selectively enabling at least one of the coils to build a communication with the antenna, wherein the coils enabled by the multiplexer are selected to have a best coupling effect with the antenna and are combined into an effective antenna; and at least one adaptation network for adapting an input/output of the effective antenna.
Systems and methods for selecting for usage one or more functional devices detected within a communication range of a wearable computing device
Computationally implemented methods and systems include detecting presence of a plurality of functional devices within the communication range of a wearable computing device; and selecting, from the plurality of functional devices, one or more functional devices for providing to the wearable computing device one or more functionalities. In addition to the foregoing, other aspects are described in the claims, drawings, and text.
Systems and methods for receiving gesture indicative data at a limb wearable computing device
Computationally implemented methods and systems include soliciting to provide to a limb wearable computing device from one or more functional devices that are within the communication range of the limb wearable computing device gesture indicative data that is indicative of one or more user gestures, the communication range being a spatial volume that includes the limb wearable computing device and being externally defined by an enveloping boundary, where low-power signals transmitted by the limb wearable computing device being discernible over background noise within the enveloping boundary and not discernible over background noise outside the enveloping boundary, the limb wearable computing device being designed to be worn around a limb of a user; and facilitating the limb wearable computing device to receive the gesture indicative data from the one or more functional devices. In addition to the foregoing, other aspects are described in the claims, drawings, and text.
Method for generating recipe information in mobile terminal
A mobile terminal and a method for generating recipe information of the mobile terminal are disclosed, in which information useful for a user is generated by taking a picture and using externally collected data. The method for generating recipe information of a mobile terminal, which performs communication with at least one home appliance to generate recipe information comprises the steps of carrying out a function of generating recipe information on the basis of a user request; collecting operation data of the at least one home appliance driven in association with cooking; receiving a request for taking images received through a camera in a state that the function of generating recipe information is being carried out; and taking the images received through the camera in response to the request for taking images and processing the operation data collected from the at least one home appliance in association with the taken images.
Sound localization for an electronic call
During an electronic call between two individuals, a sound localization point simulates a location in empty space from where an origin of a voice of one individual occurs for the other individual.
Methods and apparatuses for multiple configurations of beamforming microphone arrays
Embodiments include methods and apparatuses for sensing acoustic waves for a conferencing application. A conferencing apparatus includes a plurality of directional microphones oriented to cover a corresponding plurality of direction vectors and disposed in a housing. An orientation sensor is configured to generate an orientation signal indicative of an orientation of the housing. A processor is operably coupled to the plurality of directional microphones and the orientation sensor. The processor is configured to automatically adjust a signal processing characteristic of one or more directional microphones of the plurality of directional microphones responsive to the orientation signal.
Audio output balancing during synchronized playback
Systems and methods are provided herein for balancing of outputs from playback devices playing audio content in synchrony. In one embodiment, the balancing of outputs may involve receiving a first audio signal to be played by a first playback device, determining a first limiting result by applying to a second audio signal a limiting function associated with a second playback device, determining a limiting function based on the first limiting result, and configuring the first playback device to apply the determined limiting function when playing the first audio signal. In some cases, the first and second playback devices may be configured to play the first and second audio signals, respectively, in synchrony.
Frequency dependent switch
Generally disclosed herein are transducers that can convert sound energy into electrical signals, such as to detect if a pressure wave includes a specific frequency. Methods of using the transducers and systems that include the transducers are disclosed herein as well. A transducer can include a first probe plate, a second probe plate, a ground plate situated between the first and second probe plates, a first electret film adjacent to a first side of the ground plate and situated between the first and second probe plates, and a second electret film adjacent to a second side of the ground plate and situated between the first and second probe plates, the second side opposite the first side.
Communication terminal having bone conduction function
The present invention relates to a communication terminal having a bone conduction function. To this end, the present invention provides a communication terminal having a bone conduction function equipped with a bone conduction vibration receiver/speaker (300) for converting a sound signal (electric signal) into a vibration, so as to enable sound reception from the entire front surface of the communication terminal when the communication terminal closely contacts the face, and having at least one thereof attached to the rear surface of an inner liquid crystal screen (401) or liquid crystal panel (402) of the communication terminal (example: smartphone, Galaxy Tab, Galaxy Phone, cellular phone, PDA, MP3, iPhone, iPad, walkie-talkie, et cetera) (400). Also, provided is a communication terminal having a bone conduction function, comprising a bone conduction vibration no-noise microphone (200) having at least one thereof attached to the inner top section of the communication terminal (example: smartphone, Galaxy Tab, Galaxy Phone, cellular phone, PDA, MP3, iPhone, iPad, walkie-talkie, et cetera) (400), for enabling transmission/reception of the voice of a person on the phone regardless of the surrounding noise using a bone conduction microphone function when the communication terminal closely contacts the face, and for converting minute vibrations into a sound signal (electric signal).
Surround with variations of concavity
An acoustic device includes a resilient surround having a proportionately unequal distribution of half roll and inverted half roll segments. Half roll segments may be sized and located to provide additional clearance for internal components. Regions of transitional concavity may be sized and located to provide increased stiffness in one or more dimensions. Transitions between inversions of concavity may be smooth and free of localized inflexions.
Audio output balancing during synchronized playback
Systems and method are provided herein for balancing of outputs from playback devices playing audio content in synchrony. In one embodiment, the balancing of outputs may involve receiving a first audio signal to be played by a first playback device according to a first crossover frequency, determining a limiting result by applying a limiting function associated with a second playback device to a second audio signal to be played by the second playback device according to a second crossover frequency, and based on the first limiting result, configuring the first playback device to play the first audio signal according to a third crossover frequency. In some cases, the first and second playback devices may be configured to play the first and second audio signals, respectively, in synchrony.
Direct measurement of an input signal to a loudspeaker to determine and limit a temperature of a voice coil of the loudspeaker
Aspects of the disclosure pertain to a system and method for providing temperature limiting for a voice coil of a speaker. The system and method provide the aforementioned temperature limiting based upon monitoring (e.g., measurement) of an amplifier output signal provided to the speaker. Providing the aforementioned temperature limiting promotes improved protection for the speaker.
Directional sound source filtering apparatus using microphone array and control method thereof
A directional sound source filtering apparatus using a microphone array and a control method thereof are provided. The directional sound source filtering apparatus using a microphone array includes an image detector to detect images in a destination area, a sound collector located by the microphone array in which microphones are arranged to detect sound sources together with the images detected by the image detector. The apparatus includes a controller to precalculate time delay values of sound sources within the images in order to extract sound sources within the image from the sound sources detected by the sound collector, and perform beamforming through the calculated time delay values. Sound source signals only within images may be selectively amplified using beamformers.
Wireless switching of effects pedals with status updates
A system for wireless control of audio signal switching. The system includes a remote unit, having a physically actuated switch and a remote unit status indicator, and a main unit. The main unit includes a main unit transceiver and one or more relays which may switch the path of the audio signal or provide remote control of external devices, in response to input at the physically actuated switch. The main unit may send status updates to the remote unit, allowing the remote unit to display the current state of the main unit to a user at the remote unit.
Method and apparatus for recognizing accessory of portable terminal
A method and an apparatus for recognizing an accessory of a portable terminal are provided. The apparatus includes an interface unit in which the accessory is mounted, a power supply for supplying microphone bias power for recognizing the accessory in the interface unit, a current detector for determining an output current of the power supply, and a controller for determining whether the output current of the power supply exceeds a preset reference current when mounting of the accessory is sensed, and for recognizing a type of the accessory according to the output current of the power supply when the output current of the power supply exceeds the preset reference current. The apparatus may automatically recognize a type of an accessory connected with an interface unit to improve the convenience for a user.
Your music for eternity systems
A solar powered digital music player for a grave system is a digital music player assembly that is adapted for use with a grave marker and a corresponding casket. The casket may have at least one interior speaker. An electronic digital music player is located in a secure box near the bottom of the grave marker. An external jack on the grave marker accesses the electronic digital music player in the grave marker. Internally, the grave marker is molded with the first conductive wires which are the solar panel power cord and the headphone jack wire harness internally cast and extending to the digital music player in the secure box within the grave marker, and through the bottom of the grave marker to a coupler. The plurality of second conductive wires, bound in a harness, connect the casket to the electronic digital music player located in the grave marker.
Media assembly for a structural support
A speaker assembly is provided with a speaker, a housing mounted to the speaker, and a reflector spaced apart from and facing the speaker. The reflector has a generally convex central region and a plurality of circumferentially spaced lobes, each extending radially outward from the central region for reflecting acoustic vibrations from the speaker radially outboard from the reflector while providing gaps between the lobes for permitting acoustic vibrations to pass therethrough. A series of supports connect the housing and the reflector. The supports are spaced circumferentially about the housing for providing openings between the supports for an outlet of the reflected acoustic vibrations. Each of the supports is aligned with and externally visually conceals one of the lobes.
Speaker module and thin electronic device having the same
A speaker module of the invention includes a housing, two passive radiators and a speaker. The housing has two side walls. The two passive radiators are respectively disposed at the two side walls, wherein the two passive radiators are overlapped with each other in a direction and have a gap therebetween. The speaker is disposed at the housing, wherein an acoustic wave emitted from the speaker drives the two passive radiators to vibrate in the direction. In addition, a thin electronic device with the speaker module is also provided.
Bracket with sound boxes for a tablet electronic device
A bracket with sound boxes for a tablet electronic device, comprises an arch-shaped connecting piece and sound boxes respectively installed on two opposite ends of the arch-shaped connecting piece. Opposite inner sides of the two sound boxes are respectively provided with a fixing holder for erecting the tablet electronic device. The bracket implements the integration of the bracket for a tablet electronic device and a sound system. When the tablet electronic device and sound system in use need to be moved, only the bracket needs to be moved, which facilitates movability and portability.
Mobile communication terminal
A mobile communication terminal including: a window glass provided on a front side of a terminal main body; a speaker hole formed on an edge of the terminal main body corresponding to an edge of an outer portion of the window glass, exposed to the outside, and formed to correspond to a speaker provided in the terminal main body; and a sensor connected to the speaker, and sensing a direction in which the terminal main body is slanted, wherein the sensor controls the speaker to open or close the speaker hole according to the direction in which the terminal main body is slanted.
Method for optimizing optical network
A method for optimizing an optical network includes: obtaining a lightpath demand set including multiple lightpath demands; generating multiple lightpath demand sequences with different orders from the lightpath demand set; obtaining results of the respective lightpath demand sequences in parallel by multiple processing terminals; obtaining all the results, and comparing the results to obtain an optimum result. In this embodiment, by generating multiple lightpath demand sequences with different orders for the lightpath demand set and obtaining many results, the optimum result can be selected out from the results. Furthermore, multiple processing terminals may obtain the result in parallel, thus improving an operation efficiency.
Transmission apparatus and transmission method
A transmission apparatus includes a network-side interface unit configured to receive a signal transmission frame into which a client signal is arranged from each of a working line and a protection line of a network, and extract the client signal from the received signal transmission frame, a client-side interface unit configured to transmit the extracted client signal to a client transmission path by using a generated clock, based on frequency adjustment information of the client signal included in the signal transmission frame, a protection-line-side memory configured to store the frequency adjustment information of the client signal included in the signal transmission frame received from the protection line, and a switch controller configured to control to generate a clock by using the frequency adjustment information of the client signal stored in the protection-line-side memory when the signal transmission frame fails to be received from the working line.
Video delivery and control by overwriting video data
Systems, apparatus and methods are provided for generating, delivering, processing and displaying video data to preserve the video creator's creative intent. Metadata which may be used to guide the processing and display of the video data is dynamically generated and embedded in the video data throughout a video delivery pipeline. The metadata may be written in chrominance data for black video frames, black mattes or bars framing an image, and/or in the other image areas for which luminance values are zero or below a threshold value.
Selecting advertising for presentation with digital content
Disclosed are various embodiments for selecting advertising for presentation to customers in association with digital content items. Characteristics of a customer are determined based at least in part on historical data that associates the customer with one or more items. An advertisement is selected from an inventory of advertisements for presentation in association with a digital content item requested by the customer. The advertisement is selected based at least in part on a highest value placed on the characteristics of the customer by an advertiser for a presentation of the advertisement to the customer.
Systems and methods for communicating a live event to users using the internet
Systems and methods for distributing an audio/visual feed of a live event include mixing ambient audio signals, from ambient microphones monitoring the live event, with sound board feed from the event public address system, thereby forming a mixed audio signal. A video input signal is received at each video input in a plurality of video inputs at a video board from corresponding cameras recording the event. One such video input signal is selected as the video board output and is combined with the mixed audio signal thereby producing an audio/visual signal. This signal is encoded using a video codec, at each of several bitrates, and an audio codec, thereby forming bitrate streams each comprising the video portion of the audio/visual signal at a unique bitrate. The streams are received by a satellite router and transmitted to a satellite which sends them to one or more downlink servers for Internet distribution.
One-button information interactive method and system
The present invention refers to a one-button information interactive method and system. The method includes steps as follow: based on a multimedia-file uploading interface activated by the children, the client adds a corresponding multimedia classification marker to a file header of a multimedia file selected by the children; the server saves the multimedia file in the specified storage space based on the username of the client and the multimedia classification marker, and marks a reading states of the multimedia file; the server retrieves an unread marker, and transmits an information reminding instruction to the net-media player corresponding to the username of the client; a remote controller receives a key signal outputted by the elderly; the net-media player reads the multimedia file with the unread marker from the specified storage space based on the first control signal, and plays the multimedia file with the unread marker via a television in descending order of uploading time. The elderly can watch the new multimedia file transmitted by the children far off in time by pressing one button.
Information processing apparatus and method for providing information
According to one embodiment, an information processing apparatus receives, from a site on Internet, first messages related to a first broadcast station and posted on the site. The apparatus scores each of the received first messages based on a number of characters in each of the received first messages so as to give a higher score to first messages each with a smaller number of characters, and calculates a first evaluation value for content data being broadcast by the first broadcast station based on the scores for the received first messages. The apparatus transmits the calculated first evaluation value to a user terminal.
System for managing media content for a personal television channel
A system for presenting media programming guides is disclosed. A system that incorporates teachings of the present disclosure may include, for example, a media processor can have a controller to transmit to a media source a request to access media content of a personal television (TV) channel composed by a subscriber of a media communication system according to one or more graphical user interface (GUI) templates that define a plurality of segments of a presentation area of the personal TV channel and one or more modules that arrange media content of the subscriber in the plurality of segments of a select one of the plurality of GUI templates. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Transfer of data related to broadcast programming over a communication network
A broadcast programming receiver is provided which includes a broadcast programming interface, a memory, a communication network interface, and output circuitry. The broadcast programming interface is configured to receive broadcast programming, while the output circuitry is configured to transfer the broadcast programming to an output device. The memory is configured to store data related to the broadcast programming. In one embodiment, the communication network interface is configured to receive the data related to the broadcast programming over a communication network from a second broadcast programming receiver and transfer the data to the memory. In another implementation, the communication network interface is configured to receive the data from the memory and send the data over the communication network to a second broadcast programming receiver.
Crowd sourced, content aware smarter television systems
Method, system, and computer program product for performing an operation, the operation including transmitting a media stream to one or more devices configured to display the media stream on a display coupled to the respective device, receiving user feedback from a first set of devices, of the one or more devices, marking the media stream as inappropriate, and upon determining that the received user feedback exceeds a threshold, marking the media stream as inappropriate, transmitting the marked media stream to a first device, of the one or more devices exclusive of the first set of devices, and wherein the first device is configured to, responsive to receiving the marked media stream, restrict display of the marked media stream on the respective display.
IPTV start speed enhancement
An Internet audio video device receives a command to power up from a standby mode. This causes the device to start a boot process, and while the boot process proceeds. The process determines a next content selection from a usage pattern database. The Internet audio video device is set to the retrieved settings. At completion of the boot process the audio video device is operational at the retrieved settings. This abstract is not to be considered limiting, since other embodiments may deviate from the features described in this abstract.
Methods and apparatus for rendering a video on a mobile device utilizing a local server
A system caches a first video on a local server. The local server resides on a mobile device. The first video is downloaded from a first remote server. The system receives a request to render a second video on the mobile device. In response to the request to render the second video, the system renders the first video on the mobile device while beginning to buffer the second video from a second remote server, where the first video is rendered from the local server. The system renders the second video on the mobile device after the first video has completed. The second video is streamed from the second remote server, and the first video and second video are rendered as a single stream.
Multimedia queue services
Techniques are presented for providing multimedia queue services. A multimedia queue manager manages queues of subscribers. The queues include selections for multimedia. The multimedia queue manager schedules broadcasts for the selections and informs recording devices of the subscribers to record the selections during those broadcasts. Moreover, the multimedia queue manager updates the queues in response to actions of the subscribers and/or actions of the recoding devices of the subscribers.
Systems and methods for providing a program as a gift using an interactive application
A television message system is provided that allows users at user television equipment devices that are connected to a television distribution facility to transmit messages to each other relating to a television program or other suitable subject. The television message system permits users to participate in evaluations, contests, promotions, and surveys related to a television program while watching that television program. The television message system also permits users to compose and send a message to a television program entity. Users can send messages through the television message system to users at personal computers who are connected to the user's television distribution facility through a communications network. The television message system also allows a user to purchase a gift related to television programming for a recipient. The gift may be an electronic gift certificate for pay-per-view programming.
Cloud-enabled network-based digital video recorder
This disclosure describes systems and methods related to a cloud-enabled network-based digital video recorder. In some embodiments, a request to record an asset may be received from a client device. An asset record associated with the request may be created. A first record event for generation of a manifest file may be created. A second record event for entitlement validation of an asset may be created. A third record event for quality control for the asset may be created based at least in part on the asset record. A manifest file associated with the asset may be generated based at least in part on the asset record.
Client-server based interactive guide with server recording
An interactive television program guide system is provided. An interactive television program guide provides users with an opportunity to select programs for recording on a remote media server. Programs may also be recorded on a local media server. The program guide provides users with VCR-like control over programs that are played back from the media servers and over real-time cached copies of the programs. The program guide also provides users with an opportunity to designate gift recipients for whom programs may be recorded.
Memory management in event recording systems
A vehicle event recorder is provided that includes a camera for capturing a video as discrete image frames, and that further includes a managed loop memory and a management system for generating a virtual ‘timeline dilation’ effect. To overcome size limits in the buffer memory of the video event recorder, the maximum time extension of a video series is increased by enabling a reduction in temporal resolution in exchange for an increase in the temporal extension. Memory cells are overwritten in an ‘interleaved’ fashion to produce a reduced frame rate for the recording of certain time periods connected to an event moment. In time periods furthest from the event moment, the resulting frame rate is minimized while in time periods closest to the event moment, the resulting frame rate is maximized.
Method for transmitting video signals from an application on a server over an IP network to a client device
A method for transmitting a video signal from an application running on a server over an IP network to a client device. The application is drawing its content, in a plurality of sequential drawing events, into a virtual frame buffer. Simultaneously, each drawing event is registered in a list of drawing events and each drawing event is associated with an address (location) of each area that was affected by this drawing event. The list is repetitively checked and if any area have changed since previous periodic check, such area is retrieved, segmented into blocks of standardized size and transmitted, together with its address in a frame, over the IP network to the client. On the client side the encoded blocks are received and combined, using the address data, into frames of an encoded video stream that can be directly fed into an industry standard decoder of client device.
Method, device and system for realizing broadcast TV
A method for realizing video live broadcast, includes: receiving a request for creating conversation from a user equipment, the request carrying indication information for identifying video live broadcast BTV service packet, the BTV packet includes several channel program with the same authorization attribute and the same accounting attribute; sending BTV service control information corresponding to BTV service packet to a network marginal equipment corresponding to the user equipment UE; creating the conversation between a IPTV server and the user equipment UE according to the request; sending the channel program that the UE need access to the UE according to the BTV service control information. Corresponding equipment and system also are provided. The invention can ensure flexible authorization and accounting capability, meanwhile it also ensure the user can switch channel quickly according to the present invention.
Content distribution system and method
A content distribution system and or method can be used to align content stored in a remote source with content stored on a plurality of target units and content stored on a head end. A content distribution module can be utilized to distribute content using set logic. The content can include video, audio, graphic, or other files. Content distribution system and method can be used in an in-flight entertainment system that includes a central repository and a number of in-seat entertainment units.
Controlling on-demand video trick mode enablement
Various embodiments related to delivery of advertising content for video on-demand are disclosed. One example embodiment comprises receiving a set of VOD metadata including a first configuration of ad avails to be included in a VOD content item. The first configuration specifies a first set of locations of ad avails and a size of each ad avail in the first configuration. The method further includes comparing the VOD metadata to a set of one or more policy rules specifying a second configuration of ad avails to be included in the VOD content item, the second configuration of ad avails specifying a second set of locations of ad avails and a size of each ad avail in the second configuration. The method further includes determining a number of advertisements to be included in the VOD content item based upon a result of the comparing and obtaining an ad decision.
Method and apparatus for motion vector determination in video encoding or decoding
Provided are motion vector determining method and apparatus for determining a motion vector via motion vector prediction.The motion vector determining method involves determining a candidate motion vector list comprising motion vectors of a plurality of candidate blocks referred so as to predict a motion vector of a current block, when a reference image of a first candidate block from among the plurality of candidate blocks is different from a reference image of the current block, determining whether or not to use a motion vector of the first candidate block from the candidate motion vector list, based on whether each of the reference image of the current block and the reference image of the first candidate block is a short-term reference image or a long-term reference image, and determining the motion vector of the current block by using a candidate motion vector selected from among the motion vectors comprised in the candidate motion vector list.
Processing of video image
The present invention relates to a video image processor that is configured to compare a single frame included in the received video signal with a preceding processed frame so as to detect changes. In order to enable the video being compressed in as compact a format as possible the processor is configured to detect changes by dividing the pixels of a single frame into movement blocks and to detect the movement block as changed if in said movement block there is a given number of pixels whose colour value change as compared with the corresponding pixels of the preceding processed frame exceeds a predetermined threshold, to exchange the colour values of the pixels of the unchanged movement blocks in the frame under process for predetermined values and to generate a signal that indicates the changes.
Adaptive color space transform coding
An encoder system may include an analyzer that analyzes a current image area in an input video to select a transform. A selectable residue transformer, controlled by the analyzer, may perform the selectable transform on a residue image generated from the current image area and a predicted current image area, to generate a transformed residue image. An encoder may encode the transformed residue image to generate output data. The analyzer controls the encoder to encode information to identify the selectable transform and to indicate that the selectable transform for the current image area is different from a transform of a previous image area of the input video. A decoder system may include components appropriate for decoding the output data from the encoder system.
Method and apparatus for encoding video and method and apparatus for decoding video by considering skip and split order
A method of encoding a video includes: splitting a picture into a maximum coding unit; for the maximum coding unit, determining coding units having a tree structure including coding units of coded depths and determining encoding modes for the coding units of the coded depths by performing encoding based on coding units according to depths, the coding units according to depths obtained by hierarchically splitting the maximum coding unit as a depth deepens; and outputting information about a maximum coding unit size and, for the maximum coding unit, information indicating an order of split information and skip mode information which is selectively determined for the coding units according to depths, information about the encoding modes for the coding units of the coded depths including the split information and the skip mode information which are arranged according to the order, and encoded video data.
Methods and devices for forming a prediction value
A method and device form a prediction value. A prediction direction is locally described by nonlinear trajectories. The prediction direction can be used in forming a prediction value to achieve a more accurate prediction determination. The method and device can be used in image compression or image-sequence compression.
Rate-distortion-complexity optimization of video encoding guided by video description length
A system and method provide a video description length (VDL) guided constant quality video encoding strategy with bitrate constraint and a video coding system for optimizing encoding bitrate, distortion and complexity of an input video. The method obtains an overall VDL, temporal VDL and spatial VDL of the input video and compares the overall VDL, temporal VDL and spatial VDL of the input video with a reference VDL, temporal VDL and spatial VDL. Based on the comparison, the method adjusts the encoding bitrate, the overall encoding complexity, temporal encoding complexity and spatial encoding complexity of the input video and encodes the input video with the adjusted encoding bitrate, overall encoding complexity, temporal encoding complexity and spatial encoding complexity of the input video.
Image encoding/decoding method and apparatus for same
According to the present invention, an image encoding/decoding method comprises the steps of: performing an intra prediction on a current block so as to generate a prediction block; performing filtering on a filtering target pixel in the prediction block on the basis of the intra prediction mode of the current block so as to generate a final prediction block; and generating a reconstructed block on the basis of a reconstructed differential block corresponding to the current block and on the final prediction block. According to the present invention, image encoding/decoding efficiency can be improved.
Video quality of sevice management and constrained fidelity constant bit rate video encoding systems and methods
A constrained variable rate coding technique limits the number of bits used in an encoding process. A quality setting indicates a maximum level of quality to be used in the encoding process which limits the number of bits used in the encoding process. A bandwidth reclamation factor which indicates an amount of bandwidth to conserve may also be used with the quality setting. The constrained variable rate coding technique using a lower quality encoding process for less complex video data and a higher quality encoding technique for higher quality video data.
Streaming adaption based on clean random access (CRA) pictures
Systems, methods, and devices for processing video data are disclosed. Some examples systems, methods, and devices receive an external indication at a video decoder. The example systems, methods, and devices treat a clean random access (CRA) picture as a broken link access (BLA) picture based on the external indication.
Reproduction device and method for operating a graphics subsystem in the reproduction device
A method for operating a graphics subsystem of a reproduction device for display of video information comprising auxiliary information is described. Wherein the graphics subsystem is capable of generating left and right channel data for stereoscopic 3D display of auxiliary information in a 3D mode and of generating 2D data for 2D display of auxiliary information in a 2D mode, and can be switched between the display modes. The method has the steps of: providing 3D auxiliary information in the 3D mode, receiving a signal indicative to a change of the display mode, and leaving the graphics subsystem in the 3D mode while providing 2D auxiliary information to the graphics subsystem in response to said signal so as to provide the left and right channel with identical 2D auxiliary information to provide a 2D display of the same.
Optimization of a multi-view display
Described herein is a multi-view display (based on spatial and/or temporal multiplexing) having an optimization mechanism that dynamically adjust views based upon detected state changes with respect to one or more views. The optimization mechanism determines viewing parameters (e.g., brightness and/or colors) for a view based upon a current position of the view, and/or on the multi-view display's capabilities. The state change may correspond to the view (a viewer's eye) moving towards another viewing zone, in which event new viewing parameters are determined, which may be in anticipation of entering the zone. Another state change corresponds to more views being needed than the display is capable of outputting, whereby one or more existing views are degraded, e.g., from 3D to 2D and/or from a personal video to a non-personal view. Conversely, a state change corresponding to excess capacity becoming available can result in enhancing a view to 3D and/or personal.
Image processing apparatus, image processing method, and image communication system
In an image processing apparatus, an image pickup unit takes images of an object including the face of a person wearing the glasses by which to observe a stereoscopic image that contains a first parallax image and a second parallax image obtained when the object in a three-dimensional (3D) space is viewed from different viewpoints. A glasses identifying unit identifies the glasses included in the image of the object taken by the image pickup unit. A face detector detects a facial region the face of the person included in the image of the object taken by the image pickup unit, based on the glasses identified by the glasses identifying unit. An augmented-reality special rendering unit adds a virtual feature to the facial region of the face of the person detected by the face detector.
Three dimensional (3D) image generation using electromechanical display elements
An apparatus for displaying three-dimensional (3D) images includes an array of display elements and a controller. The controller can control a set of display elements in the array to form, at a first time, a first eye image corresponding to input data by causing the light modulators to be driven into a first set of positions. The first eye image includes an angular distribution of light weighted towards a first side of the display. The controller also can control the same set of display elements to form, at a second time, a second eye image corresponding to input data by causing the light modulators to be driven into a second set of positions. The second eye image includes an angular distribution of light weighted towards an opposite side of the display.
Image depth generation device and method thereof
An image depth generation device and method thereof is disclosed in the present invention. The device includes at least a processing circuit and at least a calculator. The processing circuit receives an input image and determines a visual distance of a pixel Pi according to a color of the pixel in the input image and at least a reference value to generate a depth offset of each pixel. The calculator is coupled to the processing circuit and uses the depth offset of each pixel and a predetermined depth to generate an output depth value of each pixel in the input image.
Graphical system with enhanced stereopsis
A computer system that provides stereoscopic images is described. During operation, the computer system generates the stereoscopic images at a location corresponding to a viewing plane based on data having a discrete spatial resolution, where the stereoscopic images include image parallax. Then, the computer system scales objects depicted in the stereoscopic images so that depth acuity associated with the image parallax is increased, where the scaling is based on the spatial resolution and a viewing geometry associated with a display. For example, the viewing geometry may include a distance from an individual that views the stereoscopic images on the display and the display. Alternatively, the viewing geometry may include a focal point of the individual. Next, the computer system provides the resulting stereoscopic images to the display. In this way, the computer system may optimize the depth acuity for data having discrete sampling.
Multi-view image processing apparatus, method and computer-readable medium
Provided is an image processing apparatus, method and computer-readable medium. When encoding a multi-view color and depth video, a motion vector calculator of the image processing apparatus may calculate a block motion vector with respect to a first viewpoint color image. A motion vector borrowing unit may borrow, as a block motion vector with respect to a second viewpoint color image, a block motion vector with respect to the first viewpoint color image based on a disparity calculated from a depth video.
Video display system, display apparatus, and display method
A video display system, having a reproduce apparatus, which is configured to reproduce content, thereby to output, and a display apparatus, which is configured to display the content outputted from the reproduce apparatus, wherein said display apparatus, when being inputted therein a 3D content, including the 3D video therein, is inputted from the reproduce apparatus, transmits a message for stopping reproduction of the 3D content and a message for suppressing the output of the message for prompting the preparation of the viewing/listening of the 3D video, to the reproduce apparatus, and presents the message for prompting the preparation of the viewing/listening of the 3D video, when receiving an instruction of reproducing the 3D content from a user, transmits a message for reproducing the 3D content to the reproduce apparatus, and is the reproduce apparatus, when receiving the message for stopping the reproduction of the 3D content, stops the reproduction of the 3D content, and when receiving the message for reproducing the 3D content, reproduces the 3D content, without outputting the message for prompting the preparation of the viewing/listening of the 3D video, and thereby to output, whereby the video signal reproduce apparatus to be connected with display apparatuses of various kinds of display methods starts reproducing of the 3D content, while preventing a display for confirming completion of preparation for viewing/listening of a user from being outputted in duplicate or by a plural number of times.
Frame packing for asymmetric stereo video
An asymmetric frame of a coded video bitstream may include a full resolution picture of a left view and a reduced resolution picture of a right view, where the left and right views form a stereo view pair for three-dimensional video playback. In one example, an apparatus includes a video encoder configured to receive a first picture of a first view of a scene having a first resolution, receive a second picture of a second view of the scene having a reduced resolution relative to the first resolution, form an asymmetric frame including the first picture and the second picture, and encode the asymmetric frame. In this manner, decoders of varying capabilities may receive the same bitstream, and the bitstream may consume less bandwidth than one or more bitstreams having full resolution pictures of a stereo view pair. The bitstream may have better quality than a bitstream having subsampled pictures.
Mobile terminal and controlling method thereof
A method of controlling a mobile terminal, and which includes outputting, via a display of the mobile terminal, a first video; detecting, via a controller of the mobile terminal, an occurrence of an event on the mobile terminal; and automatically displaying or not displaying a first language caption corresponding to the first video in response to the detected event.
Information processing device, information processing method, and program
The present invention relates to an information processing device, an information processing method, and a program, capable of drawing, in 3D image display, an image for the left eye and an image for a right eye of graphics, in a matched state.In the event that there is a call-up for an API (Application Programming Interface) ensuring the drawing integrity of drawing graphics images as to a graphics plane, which is a storage region in which storage regions for two images of an L region that is a storage region for one image to store an image for the left eye, and a R region that is a storage region for one image to store an image for the right eye, are collaterally arranged, images drawn on the graphics plane are output for display. The present invention may be applied to a BD player for playing BDs, and the like.
Sensory unit for a 3-dimensional display
The invention relates to a sensor unit for a display system adapted for generating three dimensional images by combining at least first sub-images for a first eye and second sub-images for a second eye. The sensor unit includes a detector and is adapted to individually detect irradiation properties of the radiation used for the displaying of said first sub-images and/or of the radiation used for the displaying of said second sub-images.
Moving picture encoder and encoding method
A moving picture encoder and encoding method for encoding a moving picture signal are disclosed. The moving picture encoder includes a plurality of reference picture memory areas, each area storing picture data of a reference picture to be used for prediction; and a prediction picture generator including a motion compensator that generates the predicted picture by using the picture data stored in the reference picture memory area, a parameter representing a motion between an image to be predicted and the reference picture and prediction mode information indicating a prediction mode corresponding to a prediction method used for generating a predicted picture, and a memory updater that controls a timing of updating the picture data of a full frame stored in the reference picture memory area; and a multiplexer that multiplexes an information representing memory update in a bitstream.
Systems and methods for high-bandwidth delivery of customer-specific information
Customer-specific information such as billing information, a listing of available services or the like can be provided to multiple receivers via a satellite or other high-bandwidth connection. The customers to receive customer-specific information are selected, and a broadcast message is created that includes the customer-specific information, as well as an identifier for each receiver associated with the selected customers. The broadcast message is transmitted on the high-bandwidth connection to thereby allow each of the receivers associated with the selected customers to extract the customer-specific information based upon the identifier and to display the customer-specific information to the customer.
Video conferencing systems
We describe a system for automatic setup of an audio/computer teleconference. The system comprises node units each having a phone connection, a telephone network connection, at least one computer network connection; and a system control server. The node unit comprises code to: transmit an outgoing audio announce message into a potential conference call via said telephone network audio connection, identifying the node unit; receive via the network audio connection an incoming audio announce message from a conference call to which the node unit is already connected; determine from the incoming message, an identifier for a remote node unit connecting to the conference call; and transmit to the server, via the computer network, identifiers for the local and remote node units. The server comprises code to: receive the node unit identifiers and provide computer equipment connection data to computer equipment at node.
Head mounted display and method of video communication using the same
A head mounted display (HMD) comprises a display unit configured to output an image; a communication unit configured to transmit and receive video communication image data; a camera unit configured to take an image in a forward direction of the HMD; and a processor configured to control the display unit, the communication unit and the camera unit, wherein the processor is further configured to detect an image of a user wearing the HMD from the taken image, wherein the image of the user includes a camera area of the HMD, recognize an image of a partner from the received video communication image data, provide a video communication interface displaying the image of the partner, wherein the video communication interface displays the image of the partner corresponding to a position of the camera area of the HMD, and transmit a video communication image of the user from the taken image.
Moving image data recording apparatus
A controller included in a moving image data recording apparatus controls an editor and a recorder so as to generate a moving image file composed of a plurality of moving image data each having a predetermined length of time, and in a case where an error occurs when newly acquired moving image data is being added to the moving image file, the controller controls the editor and the recorder so as not to add moving image data to be next acquired to a moving image file containing moving image data acquired during occurrence of the error.
Virtualized greeter systems and methods
A virtual greeter system, a counter display system, and a method include systems and methods that provide simulated human interaction for placement in stores, libraries, hospitals, trade shows, kiosks, and the like. The virtual greeter system can include a projector housed in a tower; a screen attached or supported by a base coupled to the tower, the screen including projection film thereon, wherein the projector is positioned to display images of a person onto the projection film; a processor communicatively coupled to the projector, a network interface, a data store, input/output interfaces, and memory; and instructions that, when executed, cause the processor to: display video from the projector onto the screen, the video including a virtual person with hand, eye, and mouth movements; and provide audio coincident with the video from the virtual person.
Automatic gain control circuit
An automatic gain control (AGC) circuit based on a cascade of a step automatic gain control unit and a second automatic gain control unit connected to adjust their gain in a synchronized manner to result in a combined impulsive gain variation. Hereby it is possible, e.g. to use a step automatic gain control unit instead of a continuous automatic gain control unit in an RF part of a TV tuner without resulting in visual artifacts—this applies both for digital and analog TV tuners. According to a preferred embodiment, the synchronization between the two automatic gain control units may be achieved by the first automatic gain control unit generating a control signal upon gain adjustment, this control signal serving to speed up a loop bandwidth controlling gain change of the second automatic gain control unit. In another embodiment, the control signal generated by the first automatic gain control unit is used to control a gain step of the second automatic gain control unit. In addition, the invention provides a tuner with an automatic gain control unit as mentioned, and a device, e.g. a TV or a hard disc recorder with such tuner.
Presenting a television services program guide information as a video mosaic
Methods and computer-readable media are provided for presenting program guide information using a mosaic of video sources broadcast in a television services system. An application program executed on a television services set-top box generates a matrix of still images representing multiple video sources presently being broadcast in the television services system. The matrix of still images is presented as a video mosaic representing current program guide information in the television services system.
Method and apparatus for buffering analog information
Generally, an integrated circuit, an apparatus and a method for buffering analog information capture first analog information with a capture element and store at least portions of the analog information in a first passive variable resistance memory element coupled to the capture element and in a second passive variable resistance memory element. The portions of the analog information stored in the first passive variable resistance memory element and in the second passive variable resistance memory element may be the same or may be different.
System and method for enhancing video images in a conferencing environment
A method is provided in one example and includes receiving image data for a field of view associated with a display. The image data is used to generate a plurality of red green blue (RGB) frames. The method also includes emitting infrared energy onto the field of view in order to generate a plurality of infrared frames, the plurality of RGB frames and the plurality of infrared frames are generated by a single camera. The plurality of RGB frames can be combined with the plurality of infrared frames in order to generate a video data stream. In a more particular embodiment, the emitting of the infrared energy is synchronized with the camera such that the infrared energy is emitted onto the field of view at one half of an existing frame rate of the camera.
Calibration and quantification method for gas imaging camera
The calibration/verification system and method for gas imaging infrared cameras standardizes the procedures to objectively and consistently check performance of gas imaging infrared cameras. This system includes a background board maintaining a uniform temperature, a target cell filled with a target compound and disposed in front of the background board, a reference cell filled with a reference compound and disposed in front of the background board, and an analyzer coupled to the camera that captures images of the gas cell and the reference cell. The analyzer compares the intensity difference and the temperature difference of rays passing through the target cell and reference cell to a reference relationship data of a quality control chart to determine whether the camera is in a working condition. The method is further extended to provide a quantitative measurement of a hydrocarbon plume from a gas imaging infrared camera.
Device for imaging within the IR range
A device for imaging within the IR range. The imaging device includes a cooled unit having a cooled matrix with detectors and a calibrating device for individual calibration of the detectors of the detector matrix with respect to amplification and/or offset. The calibrating device includes at least one radiator, which is housed in or can be introduced into the imaging device, and a signal-processing unit.
Handheld communications device and adjustment method for flashlight module of handheld communications device
An adjustment method for a flashlight module of a handheld communications device includes following steps: detecting a light field of at least one frame and obtaining at least one attribute; determining whether the at least one attribute satisfies a specific criterion; and selecting a specific lighting configuration from a plurality of lighting configurations supported by the flashlight module after the at least one attribute satisfies the specific criterion, wherein the plurality of lighting configurations respectively correspond to different light fields.
Image capturing device and digital zoom display method
An image capturing device and a digital zoom display method are provided. The device includes two lens modules configured to respectively capture a first image and a second image, and their capturing view fields are substantially identical, a preview processing unit configured to generate a third image by down-sampling the first image according to a display unit's resolution, a feature extraction unit, an image zooming and distortion unit and an image fusing unit. The second image is trimmed for generating a fourth image according to the same size of the third image. A pixel offset feature corresponding with the third and fourth images is generated by the feature extraction unit. The image zooming and distortion unit generates a fifth image and a sixth image according to the pixel offset feature and zoom ratio to the image fusing unit to generate a combined image displayed on the display unit.
Image capture method and image capture system thereof
With the aid of separating data paths for generating preview frames, for generating video frames, and for generating encoded camera frames of an image fetching system in a concurrent and mutually-independent manner, the image fetching system is free from introducing unnecessary shutter lags.
Apparatus and method for supplying content aware photo filters
A server includes a photo filter module with instructions executed by a processor to identify when a client device captures a photograph. Photograph filters are selected based upon attributes of the client device and attributes of the photograph. The photograph filters are supplied to the client device.
Information display device and display driving method
A liquid crystal lens optical body that is available to a rapid response, the liquid crystal lens optical body having a first liquid crystal lens in which a liquid crystal layer is held between first electrodes, the first liquid crystal lens changing optical power by controlling orientation condition of liquid crystal molecules based on an input signal to the electrodes, and a second liquid crystal lens in which a liquid crystal layer is held between second electrodes, the second liquid crystal lens changing optical power by controlling orientation condition of liquid crystal molecules based on the input signal to the electrodes, the first and second liquid crystal lenses provided on an optical axis. In each liquid crystal lens, a response characteristic when the optical power undergoes a transition from a large condition thereof to a small condition thereof is different from a response characteristic when the optical power undergoes a transition from a small condition thereof to a large condition thereof.
Photographic image acquisition device and method
A photographic image acquisition device comprising a primary image sensor optically coupled to a primary imaging lens and at least one secondary image sensor optically coupled to a secondary imaging lens, the optical axes of the primary and the secondary lenses set parallel to each other, both image sensors set in the same geometric plane, such that both focal planes arrays receive optical projections of the same scene.
A camera module according to the embodiment includes a housing; a lens barrel disposed in the housing to receive a lens; and an elastic member connecting the housing to the lens barrel, and comprising a first elastic part and a second elastic part bent from the first elastic part to have a height from a plane perpendicular to an optical axis of the lens, which is different from a height of the first elastic part. Therefore, the camera module may automatically correct a shake and may adjust a focus.
Reduced height camera module for small form factor applications
A camera module for a mobile device includes a cover, a base and a lens module. The cover has an outer side from which an annular axial extension protrudes. The axial extension defines a lens opening and a lens movement axis. The axial extension has an outer end surface defining an outer end of the camera module. The outer side of the cover laterally adjacent the axial extension defines a gasket sealing surface against which a gasket can be compressed for sealing. The base defines an inner end of the camera module opposite the outer end. The lens barrel is positioned within the module and driveable to extend and retract relative to the base and within the axial extension. The lens barrel at an outermost position is axially recessed from the end surface of the axial extension and is laterally separated from the gasket sealing surface by the axial extension.
Electronic component packaging that can suppress noise and electronic apparatus
A ferromagnetic body is provided at a front-surface side of a reference plane and located outside a region that overlaps an electronic device in a direction perpendicular to the reference plane, and a conductor is provided at a back-surface side of the reference plane and that overlaps the electronic device in the direction perpendicular to the reference plane.
Image processing apparatus, method for processing images, and program for performing density adjustments
Density adjustment performed by a user to obtain a desired tint by a density adjustment function has been difficult because of the difficulty in determining which density region of which color needs to be adjusted. An image processing apparatus displays a print preview image corresponding to an image to be printed, causes a user to select a position on the displayed print preview image, and acquires color information of the selected position. The image processing apparatus further determines, from among a plurality of density regions, at least any one of cyan, magenta, yellow, and black density regions corresponding to the acquired color information, and displays an adjustment screen for adjusting a density in the determined density regions.
Printer server, printer control method, and storage medium that stores a certificate group which permits printer creation and printing to avoid a risk of spoofing
On the basis of the type of a preceding job, it is decided whether or not to continue double-sided circulation between the preceding job and a subsequent job. A printing apparatus executes, based on a type of a first job, a first printing process in which, after an image has been printed on a first side and a second side of a sheet by executing the first job, an image starts to be printed on a sheet by executing a second job to be executed following the first job, and a second printing process in which, after an image has been printed on a first side of a sheet by executing the first job and before an image is printed on a second side of the sheet, an image starts to be printed on a sheet of the second job to be executed following the first job.
Data processing device automatically reading scan instruction data and determining scanning condition by analyzing scan instruction data
To provide a technology enabling a terminal device to use various functions provided in a data processing device without the use of a device driver. A multifunction device executes a process for implementing a function indicated by instruction data when such instruction data is stored in a shared area of the RAM. Here, the shared area of the RAM in which the instruction data is stored can be recognized by a personal computer connected to the multifunction device as a storage area that can be accessed through the file system, which is a function provided as a standard feature of the operating system. Accordingly, operations of the multifunction device can be controlled from the personal computer end simply by storing instruction data in the shared area via the operating system, eliminating the need for a special device driver to control the operations of the multifunction device.
Image forming apparatus, method of installing OSGi-based service, method of providing OSGi-based service, and computer-readable recording medium
An image forming apparatus having an open services gateway initiative (OSGi)-based service is provided. The image forming apparatus may include a user interface (UI) unit to receive a service execution command for a first bundle to provide at least one service, and a control unit which controls the UI unit to display a UI of a second bundle to provide at least one service, the second bundle having UI expansion information for the first bundle in one region of a UI window corresponding to the first bundle.
Method of controlling communication
In a communication system including a RFID tag, which has a function to record information and a function to carry out wireless communication with an external device and is capable of transmission with using both FM modulation and AM modulation, and a reader/writer for writing and reading information onto and from the RFID tag via wireless communication, a transmission to transmit information from the RFID tag to the reader/writer is carried out with using one of the FM modulation and the AM modulation at the RFID tag. If the reader/writer fails to decode a signal transmitted with using the one of the FM modulation and the AM modulation, transmission with respect to the information is carried out with using the other of the FM modulation and the AM modulation at the RFID tag. In this manner, reading error of data sent from the RFID tag is prevented.
Host device connected to image scanning device and method of controlling the host device by converting signal according to protocol
A host device connected to image scanning devices and a method of controlling the host device is provided. The host device includes an interface connected to a plurality of image scanning devices, a storage storing an integrated driver that supports a plurality of drivers corresponding to a plurality of applications, and a controller controlling the integrated driver that supports the plurality of drivers to execute the driver corresponding to the application if the application is executed in the host device.
Visual images processed on portions of folded substrate
Technology is described for a handheld device with multimedia content recording and printing (“the described technology”). In various embodiments, the described technology can capture and record images, video, and sound, e.g., by using an image capture sensor and/or scanner. In various embodiments, the described technology can print various types of images, e.g., photographs, postcards, legal documents, and so forth.
Scalable and flexible internet fax architecture for processing outbound fax messages
Methods and systems for processing outbound fax messages in an efficient and scalable manner are provided. According to one embodiment, a request to deliver a fax message is received by an Internet fax system. Source files associated with the request and representing at least a portion of content to be included as part of the fax message are stored to a shared storage area accessible by multiple imaging systems and multiple fax processing resources. A load score is calculated for each imaging system based on one or more of a processor load and a memory load. An imaging system is selected, based on the load scores, to convert the source files into a digital representation suitable for faxing. The source files are converted by associating the digital representation with an outbound fax job. The fax message is delivered by submitting the outbound fax job to one of the fax modems.
Handheld electronic apparatus and incoming call processing method thereof
A handheld electronic apparatus and an incoming call processing method of the handheld electronic apparatus are provided. When an incoming call is received, a type of an operating interface displayed on a touch display screen is determined; according to the type of the operating interface, it is decided whether to display a sub-call window interface on the operating interface.
Methods, systems, and computer readable media for steering a subscriber between access networks
Methods, systems, and computer readable media for steering a subscriber between access networks are disclosed. According to one aspect, a method for steering a subscriber between access networks includes, at a first policy and charging rules function (PCRF) that serves a first access network, identifying a subscriber of the first access network as a candidate for steering to a second access network that is served by a second PCRF, querying the second PCRF to determine whether the candidate subscriber is allowed access to the second access network, and, upon a determination that the candidate subscriber is allowed access to the second access network, steering the candidate subscriber to the second access network.
Method, system and computer program product for acoustic echo cancellation
In response to a first signal, a first sound wave is output. A second sound wave is received that includes an acoustic echo of the first sound wave. In response to the second sound wave, a second signal is output that cancels an estimate of the acoustic echo. The estimate of the acoustic echo is iteratively adapted to increase a statistical independence between the first and second signals, irrespective of whether a first voice is present in the first sound wave, and irrespective of whether a second voice is present in the second sound wave.
Mobile terminal having auto answering function and auto answering method for use in the mobile terminal
A method for an auto answering function for use in a mobile terminal of a user including receiving an incoming call from a calling party, answering the incoming call when the mobile terminal is in an auto answering mode, providing a first audio output to the calling party when the calling party is identified as a target user, and receiving a first response input from the calling party after providing the first audio output. The method further includes modifying information of a first application of a plurality of applications based on the first response input, wherein the first application is identified based on content of the first response input.
Mobile device having a touch-lock state and method for operating the mobile device
A mobile device with a touch panel and a touch-lock operating method thereof are provided. The mobile device preferably includes an RF communication unit for supporting communication services; a touch panel for sensing input touches; a display unit for displaying a screen, where the screen includes at least one of a preset image, text, and map; and a controller for setting a touch-lock in the touch panel according to a preset condition. The controller also controls the display unit to display at least one of a text and image or at least one particular icon corresponding to the information reception event that occurs, based on the RF communication unit, in the touch-lock state. A portion of the display screen can be locked, or only certain predetermined touch functions permitted.
Methods and apparatus for searching a message store
Methods and apparatus for searching a message store on a portable device are described herein. The methods allow a plurality of possible search criteria to be generated and displayed. One or more of the possible search criteria may be selected and added to a search string that is used to search the message store.
Character analysis engine in mobile computing device for facilitating interactive voice response operations
A system and a method are disclosed for facilitating sending of DTMF (dual-tone multi-frequency) signals to a destination after connecting to a system by placing a phone call. An entry associated with an application running on a mobile computing device is automatically scanned to detect a telephone number and any string of characters associated with the telephone number. The mobile computing device presents one or more candidate strings of characters that are associated with the telephone number. A user may select the strings of characters to send the DTMF signals after connecting to a destination telephone system. By automatically extracting and displaying the string of characters associated with the telephone number, the user's manual operation associated with accomplishing a task on a remote telephone system is minimized.
A mobile terminal includes a display device and a processor. The processor acquires first display information about a first virtual machine. The first display information does not prompt a user operation. The processor displays the acquired first display information in a first display area on the display device. The processor acquires second display information about the first virtual machine. The second display information prompts a user operation. The processor displays the acquired second display information in a second display area on the display device. The processor determines, in response to an instruction for changing display, whether mixed display is allowed by referencing status information. The processor acquires, when the mixed display is allowed, third display information about a second virtual machine. The third display information does not prompt a user operation. The processor displays the acquired third display information in a third display area on the display device.
Method and apparatus for providing motion activated updating of weather information
An approach provides updating of weather information on a mobile device. Motion of a mobile device is detected, wherein the mobile device is configured to execute a weather application for presenting weather information to a user. Update of the weather information is retrieved in response to the detected motion.
Method and device for loudness level determination
A method on a mobile device for providing an audio output to a user at a determined loudness level is described. A text input is received. A loudness level of an audio output, corresponding to the text input, is determined based on a volume setting of the mobile device and a non-linear adjustment of the volume setting. The audio output is provided to an audio output component at the determined loudness level.
Portable communication devices with accessory functions and related methods
Portable communication devices and related methods for use in supporting voice and/or data communication are provided. One example portable communication device includes a housing, a display device disposed at said housing, a processor disposed at least partially within said housing, the processor coupled to said display device, and an interface connector disposed at said housing and coupled to said processor. The interface connector is configured to couple to a module. The processor is configured to communicate, through said interface connector, via a plurality of communication protocols. The processor is configured to select at least one of the plurality of communication protocols based on the module coupled to the interface connector.
Input and output hall structure for sound device in a portable terminal
An input/output hall structure for a sound device in a portable terminal includes a main hole and a plurality of sub-holes. The main hole is provided in a case frame forming the exterior of the portable terminal to be exposed to the exterior, and inputs/outputs sound. The plurality of sub-holes is branched from the main hole and communicates with the main hole. The sub-hole and a corresponding sound device communicate sound. The structure reduces the number of holes for inputting/outputting sound of a sound device and provides a more elegant appearance with improved function. A plurality of sound devices can input/output through the main hole and branched configuration of sub-holes.
Terminal device, information processing method, program, and storage medium
A terminal device that includes an operation surface; an input detection unit that detects an indicator and determines at least one of a position of the indicator contacting the operation surface and a distance of the indicator from the operation surface in a vertical direction; an operation determination unit that determines information about an operation input by movement information of the indicator detected by the input detection unit; and a control unit that performs predetermined control when a first operation which is an operation performed to move the indicator in a vertical direction away from the operation surface is detected by the operation determination unit.
Systems and methods for processing information by a network device
Systems and methods for a network device are provided. The network device includes a receive segment for receiving frames for a plurality of sub-ports complying with the plurality of protocols. A frame complying with a first protocol is received at a first clock rate for a first sub-port and a frame complying with a second protocol is received at a second clock rate for a second sub-port. To process frames regardless of protocol type, the receive segment adds an internal header for the frame complying with the first protocol and for the frame complying with the second protocol. The internal header indicates a frame protocol type and identifies the first sub-port and the second sub-port such that the same logic can be used to process the frame complying with the first protocol and the frame complying with the second protocol.
Driver level segmentation
A method for performing segmentation of a first data packet into a plurality of second data packets at a functionality of a device driver for a network interface device supported by a data processing system, each second data packet comprising a header and a segment of data from the first data packet and the network interface device being capable of supporting a communication link over a network with another network interface device, the method comprising: accepting the first data packet, the first data packet carrying data for transmission by the network interface device over the network; forming a set of headers for the plurality of second data packets; writing the set of headers to memory; forming a specification, the specification indicating the headers in memory and the segments of data in the first data packet; requesting by means of the device driver transmission by the network interface device of the headers and the respective segments of data indicated in the specification so as to effect transmission of the second data packets over the network.
Selectively ordered protocol for unreliable channels
A method for communicating in a distributed game system includes, at a server system, maintaining information associated with a plurality of entities in an environment; and maintaining communication sessions between the server system and a plurality of client systems for exchanging information associated with the entities between the server system and the plurality of client systems. Each such communication session uses a communication protocol that supports both reliable transmission of ordered messages, and transmission and selective discarding of ephemeral messages.
Method and apparatus for accessing an enterprise resource planning system via a mobile device
A method and apparatus for accessing an enterprise resource planning system via a mobile device is described. In one embodiment, the method includes parsing data from a host application access application into at least one object in an application-specific format, converting the data into an intermediate format that is compatible with a mobile device and communicating the converted data to the mobile device.
Browser-plugin based method for advanced HTTPS data processing
The invention described here deals with implementing custom data processing of HTTPS based on a Browser-Plugin Method. Such custom data processing may include, but is not limited to, custom data compression, custom data encryption, data monitoring, data modification. There are two distinct methods to implement the Browser-Plugin Method for Advanced HTTPS Data Processing of the subject invention (BPAHDP). In both cases, BPAHDP provides the option of conducting custom data processing that co-exists with data compression, data encryption, or other types of data processing operations supported by the HTTP standard. Additionally, both BPAHDP methods ensure that the web-browser still implements and executes the underlying SSL/TLS channel setup and encryption operations. In both embodiments of BPAHDP, the most critical functionality is the ability to modify HTTP request/response headers and data sent over a TLS/SSL channel. In the regular HTTP case (HTTP over TCP) headers and data are sent as clear-text (i.e., as unencrypted data). Therefore, any HTTP proxy component can intercept and modify header/data as it chooses—allowing custom data processing operations (including a custom compression operation) to be implemented. For HTTPS traffic, the data leaving a web-browser is encrypted. Therefore, a proxy cannot modify encrypted data, hence the novelty of the BPAHDP methodology. Both methods require specific implementation methods that are described. In particular, both embodiments of BPAHDP require specific techniques to facilitate the use of Microsoft Internet Explorer as a BPAHDP enabled web-browser. Microsoft COM (Component Object Model) interfaces and IE's Pluggable Protocol capabilities are utilized to meet all requirements of both BPAHDP embodiments.
Methods, systems, and apparatuses, including computer programs encoded on computer-readable media are disclosed for binding a process to a wildcard address and a port on a plurality of nodes of a cluster. A process receives a first request for a first address of a first volume that is sent to the port and a first address associated with a first virtual local area network that is not the wildcard address. The process determines the first address, a name of the first VLAN, and a first node that contains information regarding the first volume. The process determines an address of the first node that is part of the first VLAN. The address of the first node is returned. The process receives another request for a second address of a second volume that is sent to the port and a second address associated with another VLAN that is not the wildcard address.
Client-side rendering for virtual mobile infrastructure
A virtual mobile infrastructure performs client-side rendering by intercepting and redirecting screen data for generating a screen image of a remote mobile operating system from a server computer to a mobile client device. The mobile client device receives the screen data and generates the final screen image of the remote mobile operating system. The screen data include drawing application programming interface (API) calls to generate surfaces for applications running on the remote mobile operating system and data for compositing the surfaces together. The mobile client device makes the drawing API calls to generate the surfaces and generates the final screen image of the remote mobile operating system by compositing the surfaces in accordance with the compositing data.
Remote access to a customer home network
A wireless application server may receive, from a wireless device, information identifying an application residing on a network device in a home network. The wireless application server may further cause a connection to be established to the application and transfer traffic between the application and the wireless device.
Automated mobile positional social media method and system
A method, system, and apparatus for sharing locations and/or activities of a user participating in a social networking service. User information about a destination is received and automatically associated with the destination. The user information is automatically shared in the social networking service upon further user arrivals at the destination prior to receiving any additional user information.
Data integrity in a networked storage system
A method of writing data to a distributed file system including a file system client, a server and a storage resource target, includes generating, on the client, a write request including a byte stream to be written to the storage resource target; formatting, on the client, the byte stream into sectors in accordance with the T10 protocol, the sectors including a data field and a protection information field, the protection information field including a guard field, an application field and a reference field; computing, on the client, checksum data for the guard field; sending, across a network, the data and the protection information to the server; verifying, in T10-capable hardware on the server, the checksum data for the guard field; verifying, on the storage resource target, the checksum data for the guard field; and storing the data on the storage resource target.
Distributing UI control events from a single event producer across multiple systems event consumers
A user interface (UI) initiated system event, from a single producer of the UI-initiated system event, is distributed across multiple systems event consumers on multiple execution environments. An operating system (OS) event receiver in a server receives a user interface (UI) initiated system event on the server. In response to the OS event receiver receiving the UI-initiated system event, the UI-initiated system event is recorded and published, via messages, to multiple systems event consumers on multiple execution environments, such that each message directs a receiving execution environment adapter to locally replicate and execute the UI-initiated system event on each of the execution environments.
Entertainment system with sourceless selection of networked and non-networked media content
A content selection interface for a media system including at least a first network interface for finding and accessing media content remote from said media system and at least one content source integral or electrically connected to said media system. The media system interface may have a single media content selector actuable by a user and means responsive to the media content selector for selecting plural media content items from among the network and local media content sources, the media content selector presenting to the user plural media content items represented as successive positions in a linearly arrayed sequence without the user having to manifest an explicit change between network and non-network sources from position to position.
Method, system and program product for allocation and/or prioritization of electronic resources
A method, system and program product, the method comprising determining a first rule set comprising a plurality of patterns of run-time data; obtaining a second rule set comprising a respective priority assigned to respective of the application context IDs and/or user IDs and/or business priorities or combinations of two or more thereof; receiving run-time data for a first plurality of the user IDs; determining application context IDs running on desktops; generating allocation data and/or prioritization data for allocation of electronic resources for user IDs, based at least in part on the second rule set; and sending signals, based on the allocation data and/or the prioritization data.
Method and system for providing secure remote access and control
A network appliance is configured to communicate with a representative system and a customer system. The network appliance permits control and access to the customer system by the representative system or to the representative system by the customer system for providing remote support service. The network appliance manages, logs, and routes screen updates of the customer system to the representative system. In addition, the network appliance logs and provides reports for all actions taken during the support service.
Method and apparatus for network based adaptive streaming
A method and apparatus for streaming Over-the-Top (OTT) content on a network to subscribers is described. A digital video transport stream of an item of the OTT content is obtained via unicast streaming methods of a resolution and bit rate selected from an available set of different resolutions and bit rates for the digital video transport stream. The digital video transport stream of the selected resolution and bit rate is transmitted in the form of an IP multicast over the network to subscribers. Bandwidth utilization of the network is monitored so that switching of the bit rate to a different bit rate for the digital video transport stream can be controlled to provide adaptive rate control of the IP multicast.
Simplified transmission method for a stream of signals between a transmitter and an electronic device
A multimedia data transmission method between a transmitter server and at least one decoder receiver the multimedia data being transmitted by packets in a stream of samples coding images (I, P, B) of variable size, the method includes: determining a same transmission delay for all the samples of the stream, determining a transmission bitrate for each sample enabling the sending of this sample within the determined transmission delay, transmitting each sample from the transmitter server to the decoder receiver while respecting the transmission bitrate specific to this sample and the transmission delay of all the samples.
Tree-based broadcasting service over push-to-talk mobile IP network
A method for generating a plurality of messages for inviting communication devices to a communication conference. The method includes establishing a first communication conference with a plurality of first communication devices, receiving a plurality of communication device identifiers from a communication device participating in the first communication conference, which communication device identifiers identify communication devices to be invited to at least a second communication conference, determining communication devices from the plurality of the communication devices, which are already involved in the first communication conference, and generating messages for inviting communication devices to the second communication conference only for those communication devices which are not involved in the first communication conference.
Composition of customized presentations associated with a social media application
According to a general aspect, a method can include receiving a request, triggered via a consumer account, to access, using a social media application, a plurality of sharer content. The sharer content can be associated with a sharer account using the social media application. The method can include retrieving, in response to the request, a consumer value and a relationship value. The consumer value can represent an interaction with the social media application via the consumer account and the relationship value can characterize a relationship between a consumer identifier of the consumer account and a sharer identifier of the sharer account. The method can include selecting a subset of sharer content from the plurality of sharer content based on a combination of the consumer value and the relationship value, and can include defining a portion of a presentation customized for the consumer account using the selected subset of sharer content.
Systems and methodologies for collaboration relative to a background image
A system and methodology for collaborating is provided for use by a plurality of users, comprised of a source providing an initial video presentation; control logic capturing and storing in a memory, at a first time, a portion of the initial display presentation to provide a base image for viewing by at least two of the users; input logic permitting input by at least two of the users to each generate annotation data for annotations having an associated image and input while a display presentation of the base image is provided for viewing to each said user, relative to which the input is made by each said user; storage logic storing the annotation data in the memory as associated with the user providing the input of said annotation data; and, display logic providing an updated said display presentation representative of the input generated by at least one of the users that are selected ones of the users, responsive to at least a part of the annotation data associated with the selected ones of the users. In one embodiment, the base image is comprised of at least one of: a screenshot at a first time of at least one of: a display of video game play, a video, a movie, a still photo, a display of a portion of a document or at least a portion of a drawing; a portion of at least one of: the display presentation of a video game play, a video, a movie, etc.
Service continuity management in a network
A service is provided to a user of a terminal in a network, comprising a service platform and network equipment including session border controllers. Each of the controllers is capable of communicating with the service platform. At least one given session border controller is capable of routing messages received from the terminal, intended for the service platform. This controller decides that the service platform is not accessible on the basis of an accessibility check (302) and then operates in an autonomous operating mode (303, 310) according to which the controller selects a network equipment separate from the service platform and routes at least one message received from the terminal to said selected network equipment.
System and method for providing multi-media services to communication devices over a communications network
A method of processing multi-media service requests received at a multi-media services provider computer system, including a processor coupled to a media gateway controller and to a media server. The method includes receiving a message from a SIP INVITE-enabled communication device at the media gateway controller. The message is processed at the media gateway controller for generating an instruction message with unique indicators, which is communicated to the media server in a SIP INVITE format. The media server processes the instruction message to provide media services and collect user-information from the communication device. The media server processes the user-information and generates a first message in an HTTP form POST format with unique indicators, which includes the user-information and which can be processed at the processor. In this manner, the multi-media services provider computer system is compatible with the SIP INVITE-enabled device.
Automatic generation of policy from a group of SSL server certificates
A method and apparatus for automatically generating policies from a set of cryptographic certificates is described. An automated policy generator, executing on a computing system, receives information from a set of one or more cryptographic certificates deployed in a network. The automated policy generator automatically generates a policy from the information of the set of cryptographic certificates.
Techniques for detecting anomalous network traffic
Techniques for detecting anomalous network traffic are disclosed. In one particular embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a method for detecting anomalous network traffic comprising the steps of receiving a list including a plurality of processes and, for each process, a list of approved types of network traffic; monitoring network traffic of each process on the list of processes; upon detecting network traffic for a process on the list of processes, determining that the type of network traffic detected is not on the list of approved types for that process; and identifying the process as infected based on determining that the type of network traffic detected is not on the list of approved types for that process.
Systems and methods for fingerprinting physical devices and device types based on network traffic
Systems and methods for providing device and/or device type fingerprinting based on properties of network traffic originating from a device to be identified. In one implementation, the method includes capturing packets routed through a network at an intermediate node between the originating device to be identified and destination, measuring properties of the captured traffic, including packet inter-arrival time, and generating a signature based on the measured properties that includes identifying information about the hardware and/or software architecture of the device. Various implementations do not require deep packet inspection, do not require a managed device-side client, are protocol and packet payload agnostic, and effective for MAC or IP-level encrypted streams. Also, various implementations can provide wired-side detection of wireless devices and device types and can detect both previously detected and unknown devices.
Controlling access to web content
A method of controlling access to web content at a client computer. The method includes registering an access control status at the client computer, and detecting an attempt to access a website having an access control mechanism. In response to such detection, the access attempt is suspended and said access control status registered at the client computer compared with an access control status currently registered at the website. If these do not correspond, then the access control status registered at the website is changed to correspond with that registered at the client computer.
Image forming system, image forming apparatus, and recording medium
In an image forming apparatus, a section managing unit acquires section information and usage restriction information from the server apparatus after succession of the user authentication on a login user and registers a temporal section based on the acquired section information and the acquired usage restriction information as a section within the image forming apparatus. The UI control unit removes logout prohibition to the login user before completion of a job of the login user performed by the image forming apparatus, and the usage restriction managing unit continues to perform usage restriction management of the temporal section for the job until the job is completed even after the login user performs a logout operation.
Wirelessly accessing broadband services using intelligent cards
The present disclosure is directed to a system and method for wirelessly accessing broadband services using intelligent cards. In some implementations, a broadband service card includes a physical interface, a communication module, secure memory, and service module. The physical interface connects to a port of a consumer host device. The communication module wirelessly receives RF signals from and transmits RF signals to a wireless broadband network. The secure memory stores user credentials used to securely authenticate the card and access a service foreign to the consumer host device through the wireless broadband network independent of the consumer host device. The user credentials are associated with a broadband service provider. The service module accesses the foreign service using the user credentials in response to at least an event and transmits a service request to the broadband service provider using the wireless broadband core network.
Event-based data signing via time-based one-time authentication passcodes
Methods and apparatus are provided for signing data transactions using one-time authentication passcodes. User authentication passcodes are generated by generating a time-based user authentication passcode based on a forward-secure pseudorandom number, wherein the generated time-based user authentication passcode is used for authentication of the user; and generating an event-based user authentication passcode based on a forward-secure pseudorandom number, wherein the generated event-based user authentication passcode is used to sign one or more data transactions. The generation of an event-based user authentication passcode can be performed on-demand. The generation of the event-based user authentication passcode can optionally be performed substantially simultaneously with the generation of the time-based user authentication passcode.
Secure elements broker (SEB) for application communication channel selector optimization
Systems and methods for managing concurrent secure elements on a mobile device to coordinate with an application or “app” running on the mobile device and an appropriate communications protocol for conducting transactions using the mobile device include: informing, by the processor, the reader device of a preferred app and a communication protocol usable by the preferred app; receiving, by the processor, information about which apps and communication protocols are supported by a reader for processing a transaction; locating, by the processor, a secure element supporting an app and a communication protocol supported by the reader; channeling the communication protocol for the specific configuration of the app and the supporting secure element; activating the secure element that supports the app; and processing, with the activated secure element, using the supported app and communication channel, the transaction with the reader.
Cloud computing and integrated cloud drive
A method includes receiving, by an orchestrator component from a client computer, a request to activate an application in a cloud. The orchestrator component is a part of a cloud computing infrastructure hosted on a network connected to the client computer. The request to activate the application includes user credentials for access to user accounts including a user account with a cloud storage that stores a file for the user. The method further includes sending, by the orchestrator component to an application VM executing an instance of the application in the cloud, the user credentials specifically for access by the application VM to the user's account with the cloud storage drive. The method additionally includes using the user credentials to access the file stored in the cloud storage as and when needed for processing the file by the instance of the application executing in the application VM in the cloud.
Secure communication systems and methods
Systems and methods for determining whether a communication session is authorized are provided. In some aspects, a method includes initiating a communication session between a first user and a second user, and obtaining an identity attribute associated with a third user engaged in the communication session. The method also includes determining whether the third user is the first user, the second user, or an unauthorized user based on the obtained identity attribute. The method also includes determining whether the communication session is authorized based on whether the third user is determined to be the first user, the second user, or the unauthorized user.
Fine grain rights management of streaming content
The present invention provides methods, apparatuses, and systems for delivering protected streaming content to a receiving device. In an aspect of the present invention, a broadcaster provides streaming content. To ensure viewers are properly authorized, the streaming content is encrypted with a traffic key. The traffic key is provided to the users via a key stream message, which is encrypted with a service key. The user obtains at least one rights object from a rights issuers and the at least one rights object includes the service key so that the streaming content may be used. The at least one rights object also contains information regarding usage rights that may be configured by the rights issuer so that, depending on the user and/or the receiving device, different rights may be available. The key stream message may include a program category variable value that indicates the type of content and in conjunction with the rights object, determines what usage rights exist for the streaming content.
Method for different users to securely access their respective partitioned data in an electronic apparatus
An access process for an electronic device includes storing encrypted partitions in a storage area of the electronic device, with each encrypted partition corresponding to a registered user. A secure element is received from a registered user, with the secure element storing a user key for decrypting an encrypted partition corresponding to the register user providing the user key. A temporary secure channel is established between the secure element and the electronic device, and a registered user associated to one of the encrypted partitions is authenticated in the electronic device. An identification of the registered user authenticated in the electronic device is transmitted to the secure device, and the user key of the authenticated registered user is transmitted from the secure element to the electronic device over the temporary secure channel.
Method and system for protected transmission of files
To protect a software to be transferred to programmable electronic devices, a management system for programmable electronic devices is provided, comprising: a plurality of electronic devices (57), each identified by at least one unique identification parameter (ID) and containing at least one encryption key (Key); —at least one protected site (41) in which a protected database (45) resides, in which the unique identification parameter (ID) and the encryption key (Key) are stored for each electronic device (57); —a server (49) programmed to receive a request for transmission of a software from a device (57) and to generate an encrypted version of said software, using the encryption key (Key) associated in the database (45) with the unique identification parameter (ID) of the device (57) that has requested the transmission of said software.
Deduplication of encrypted dataset on datadomain backup appliance
Exemplary methods for deduplicating encrypted files are described herein. The exemplary methods include receiving a first encrypted data file from a remote source that is encrypted by a first security key. In one embodiment, the methods include transmitting to a remote security manager a first key identifier (ID) that is extracted from the first data file, the first key ID identifying the first security key. In one aspect of the invention, in response to receiving the first security key from the remote security manager based on the first key ID, decrypting the first data file using the first security key provided by the remote security manager. In at least one embodiment, the methods include deduplicating the decrypted first data file.
Browser security module
Authenticated requests can be sent without requiring the requests to include or potentially expose secret information used for the authentication process. A client device use a security credential such as a key to sign a request to be sent to a recipient. When the request is received, the recipient determines whether the request was signed using the correct key for the sender. In some embodiments a client token is included with the request that statelessly encodes the key, enabling a recipient capable of decoding the client token to determine the key and compare that key to the signature of the request. The sender can store the secret information in a secure location, such as a browser security module, such that the secret information is not exposed to the browser or script executing on the client device.
Computer implemented method and system for social network service
A computer implemented method is provided. The computer implemented method includes receiving a request from a user of the social networking system to select a first post, receiving a first range from the user, providing a first group of content including the first post, and a first plurality of content items posted before the first post for a period of time of the first range, identifying a second post of the social networking system according to a predetermined criteria, identifying a second group of content items including the second post, and a second plurality of content items posted before the second post for a period of time of the first range, and displaying at least one of the first group of content items and the second group of content items on a display device.
Data storage application programming interface
An application programming interface for a data storage service provides a convenient mechanism for clients of the data storage service to access its various capabilities. An API call may be made to initiate a job and in response a job identifier may be provided. A separate API call specifying the job identifier may be made and a response providing information related to the job may result. Various API calls may be used to store data, retrieve data, obtain an inventory of stored data, and to obtain other information relating to stored data.
Method and apparatus to manage per flow state
A method and apparatus to reduce memory required in a network interface controller to store per flow state information associated with a network connection is provided. Instead of storing per flow state information for a connection in the network interface controller at an endpoint of the connection, the per flow state information for the connection is stored in memory external to the network interface controller. The stored state information is conveyed in a packet by the network interface controller between the endpoints of the connection. For a Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) connection, the state information is conveyed between the endpoints of the TCP connection in a TCP option included in the TCP header in the packet.
Distributed multi-stage switch fabric
A system includes a first switch fabric portion and a second switch fabric portion. The first switch fabric portion is disposed within a first chassis and has a module associated with a first stage of a switch fabric and a module associated with a second stage of the switch fabric. The module of the first switch fabric portion associated with the first stage of the switch fabric is configured to send data to the module of the first switch fabric portion associated with the second stage of the switch fabric. The second switch fabric portion is disposed within a second chassis and has a module associated with the second stage of the switch fabric. The module of the first switch fabric portion associated with the first stage of the switch fabric is configured to send data to the module of the second switch fabric portion associated with the second stage of the switch fabric.
Method, apparatus and system for addressing resources
A method and an apparatus for addressing resources, the apparatus having a first interface to communicate with end-points operationally connected to the apparatus using a binary web service, the end-points including one or more resources; a second interface for receiving requests regarding the resources and for responding to the requests; a component for storing information on sleeping end-points which are non-continuously available and storing a request queue for each sleeping end-point; a component for receiving through the second interface a request regarding a sleeping end-point, adding the request to the request queue of the end-point; communicating with a sleeping end-point regarding the requests after receiving through the first interface a queue request from the end-point; and sending through the first interface responses for the resolved requests.
Method and apparatus for scheduling a heterogeneous communication flow
A method and apparatus are provided for scheduling a heterogeneous communication flow. A heterogeneous flow is a flow comprising packets with varying classes or levels of service, which may correspond to different priorities, qualities of service or other service characteristics. When a packet is ready for scheduling, it is queued in order in a flow queue that corresponds to the communication flow. The flow queue then migrates among class queues that correspond to the class or level of service of the packet at the head of the flow queue. Thus, after the head packet is scheduled, the flow queue may be dequeued from its current class queue and requeued at the tail of another class queue. If the subsequent packet has the same classification, it may be requeued at the tail of the class queue or may remain in place for another servicing round.
Multimedia distribution in a heterogeneous network
The efficiency of real-time distribution of multimedia content over a heterogeneous network is optimized by locally, rather than centrally, adapting the content to conform to the capabilities limitations of the network. Multimedia content travels from a central location along the network backbone. When received by each of a system of dispersed media servers, that media server adapts the content by compensating for any QoS limitations of the downstream network segments. For example, the backbone of the communications network may consist of a satellite uplink. The dispersed media servers receive and replicate the content as required for distribution to unicast segments downstream rather than doing so at the source of the content, and thus multiple streams of identical content need not be carried on the backbone. Each dispersed server is programmed to optimize the transmission to conform to the transmission parameters of each adjacent and downstream segment of the network.
Quality of service in a heterogeneous network
A network device provides priority map storage configured to store one or more mapping data structures for mapping multiple priorities of a first priority scheme to multiple priorities of a second priority scheme. In addition, mapping logic of the network devices is coupled to the priority map storage and configured to translate a first priority of a first frame of the first priority scheme to a second priority of the second priority scheme and to assign the second priority to a second frame carrying payload of the first frame in preparation of transmission of the second frame in accordance with the second priority scheme.
Methods of implementing dynamic quality of service or bandwidth provisioning
A method of operating a data network may include establishing a data path through the data network between a routing gateway and service provider equipment providing a data service. Moreover, the data service may be provided for use at the routing gateway over the data path during a data session. A request may be received from the service provider equipment where the request defines a data flow characteristic for the data path between the routing gateway and the service provider equipment providing the data service. The data flow characteristic may then be transmitted to a network element along the data path between the routing gateway and the service provider equipment. A request from service provider equipment can include an allowed bandwidth or prioritization. Related methods, data networks, data service providers, routing gateways, and computer program products are also discussed.
Method and apparatus for load balancing
Embodiments of the present invention relate to method and apparatus for load balancing in scheduling traffic flows in networks. In one aspect, there is provided a method of load balancing for use in scheduling a traffic flow, comprising: selecting, based on a mapping entry, a first processing engine (PE) from a plurality of PEs as a target PE for a packet of the traffic flow, the mapping entry indicating an association between the packet and the first PE; determining whether load of the target PE exceeds a threshold; and in response to determining that the threshold is exceeded, updating the selection of the target PE based on a scheduling status of the traffic flow, the scheduling status indicating a dispatch of a previous packet of the traffic flow, such that the packet is dispatched to the same target PE as the previous packet. Corresponding apparatus is also provided.
System and method for data plane fate separation of label distribution protocol (LDP) label switched paths (LSPs)
A system, method and apparatus for controlling traffic forwarding at a label switched router (LSR) to implement thereby a constrained traffic forwarding application, such as a data plane fate separation between different FEC types.
System and method for implementing multiple label distribution protocol (LDP) instances in a network node
A method and apparatus for implementing multiple Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) Label Switch Router (LSR) instances sharing a common data plane at a network element or node.
System and method for improving network performance using a connection admission control engine
The disclosed embodiments include a method, apparatus, and computer program product for modifying a three-dimensional geocellular model. For example, one disclosed embodiment includes a system that includes at least one processor and at least one memory coupled to the at least one processor. The memory stores instructions that when executed by the at least one processor performs operations that includes gathering network performance information regarding data flow communicated with a client of a network over a plurality of connections utilizing performance information packets; and automatically balancing the data flow of the plurality of connections between access points of the network that are available to the client using connection admission control engines.
Communication between hetrogenous networks
A system to communicate between a first network and a second network includes a first network, a second network, and a connecting device connected there between. The first network has a first network protocol and includes a plurality of network nodes. The second network has a second protocol different from the first protocol and includes a plurality of network switches and a controller. The connecting device transmits data from an originating network node to a destination network switch and transmits data from an originating network switch to a destination network node according to a packet routing table populated from the plurality of network nodes and a packet flow table populated from the plurality of network switches. The controller may determine the destination network switch by constructing and transmitting an ARP broadcast message to the plurality of network switches and receiving an ARP response from the destination network switch.
Intra-domain and inter-domain bridging over MPLS using MAC distribution via border gateway protocol
In one embodiment, a method includes receiving, by a first autonomous system border router (ASBR) of a first autonomous system (AS), a first plurality of provider-provisioned media access control (B-MAC) addresses via Interior Border Gateway Protocol (I-BGP). Each of first plurality of B-MAC addresses is associated with a provider edge (PE) device of the first AS. The first ASBR sends the first plurality of B-MAC addresses to a second ASBR of a second AS using Exterior Border Gateway Protocol (E-BGP). The first ASBR also receives via E-BGP a second plurality of B-MAC addresses each of which is associated with a PE device of the second AS. The first ASBR then distributes the second plurality of B-MAC addresses to each of the PE devices of the first AS using I-BGP.
Modified ethernet preamble for inter line card communications in a modular communication chassis
A method of providing information regarding an Ethernet frame, within the Ethernet preamble of the Ethernet frame, comprises inserting into the Ethernet preamble an inter-line-card header that includes a start control character, a version number, a parity bit, a source port, a destination port, and a forwarding domain entry; and preserving said inter-line-card header, inside of said Ethernet preamble, in a Media Access Control (MAC) sub-layer in said Ethernet frame. The method may include a step of selecting the decoding format for the inter-line-card header corresponding to the version number and/or forwarding other Ethernet frames according to additional forwarding information provided by the forwarding domain entry. The inter-line-card header may be preserved in the MAC sub-layer by keeping the Ethernet preamble at the beginning of an Ethernet frame received over an Ethernet backplane, and passing the combined preamble and associated Ethernet frame to an inter-line-card header processing module.
Methods, apparatus, and articles of manufacture to provide a multicast virtual private network (MVPN)
Methods, apparatus, and articles of manufacture to provide a multicast virtual private network (MVPN) are disclosed. An example method includes sending a multicast receiver route received from one of a multicast service processor or a provider edge router to another of the multicast service processor or the provider edge router, wherein the multicast service processor is communicatively coupled to the provider edge router via a multicast control plane topology that is non-congruent to a unicast control plane topology, and replicating multicast data received from the other of the multicast service processor or the provider edge router to the one of the provider edge router or the multicast service processor based on the multicast receiver route.
Implementation of protocol in virtual link aggregate group
Switches in a virtual networking environment may be synchronized by providing virtual networking policies to multiple switches connected to a virtual machine. The multiple switches may form a virtual link aggregate group. Virtual networking policies corresponding to the virtual machine may be provided via packets sent to the multiple switches in the link aggregate group. In some embodiments, the packet may be sent under the IEEE 802.1Qbg protocol.
Redistributing routes in backbone edge bridge multi-chassis link aggregation group topologies between two routing protocols
A method, system and computer readable medium for redistributing routes in backbone edge bridge multi-chassis link aggregation group topologies between two routing protocols is described. The method can include learning, at a first node and a second node, a first routing table entry originating from a first side of a network and being received in a first protocol and creating, at the first node and the second node, and generating second routing entry information corresponding to the first routing table entry, in a second protocol different from the first protocol. The method can also include exchanging the second routing entry information between the first node and the second node. The first node and/or the second node add the second routing entry information to the routing table when the first routing entry is not present in the routing table and ignores the second routing entry information when the first routing entry is present in the routing table.
Systems and methods for topology discovery and application in a border gateway protocol based data center
An information handling system is provided. The information handling system includes a network orchestration service running on a computer processor. The network orchestration service provides a Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) listener module and a topology builder module. The BGP listener module is configured to receive information from a plurality of spine devices configured as an autonomous system and the topology builder module is configured to use the information received by the BGP listener module to create a topology of a data center that includes the plurality of spine devices. Additionally, the network orchestration service is in communication with a memory that is used to store information received by the BGP listener module and the topology of the data center. Applications of the information handling system for better operating the data center are also provided.
Processing diagnostics of media services
A system that incorporates the subject disclosure may include, for example, a device receiving diagnostic information from a plurality of client devices delivering media content, wherein the diagnostic information relates to a media delivery service quality and wherein the diagnostic information is sent automatically by the client devices; performing a data compression procedure for the diagnostic information; transmitting compressed data comprising the diagnostic information to an aggregator device; and sending to the client devices a message to delay or prevent transmission of additional diagnostic information in accordance with an instruction received from the aggregator device. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Progressive deployment and termination of canary instances for software analysis
A data processing method, comprising: using computing apparatus, causing instantiating a plurality of baseline application instances that are running a first version of software, and one or more canary application instances that are running a second version of the software; using computing apparatus including a load balancer, causing selectively routing a first proportion of incoming requests to the baseline instances, and routing a second proportion of the incoming requests to the canary instances; monitoring the plurality of canary instances to collect performance data for performance metrics; determining that the performance data indicates a negative performance issue, and in response thereto: using computing apparatus, automatically updating the first proportion to be larger and updating the second proportion to be smaller, and then reconfiguring the load balancer based upon the first proportion and the second proportion; terminating one or more of the canary application instances.
Method and apparatuses for policy decisions on usage monitoring
The present invention improves control rules requests between reporting periods, and provides for enhanced PCRF and PCEF carrying out a method of controlling usage of network resources. This method comprises: determining at the PCEF events requiring control rules; requesting control rules and providing information about usage of network resources during the reporting period from the PCEF to the PCRF; determining at the PCRF first control rules by using the information about usage of network resources; determining at the PCRF second control rules by using an initial value for usage of network resources during a next reporting period; submitting from the PCRF to the PCEF the first and second control rules; enforcing at the PCEF the first control rules received from the PCRF; and upon starting the next reporting period for the user, inactivating the first control rules and enforcing at the PCEF the second control rules received from the PCRF.
Techniques for detecting new browser windows
Embodiments of the present invention provide techniques for tracking the lifecycles of client-side browser windows in the context of a web application. In one set of embodiments, a server component of a web application can receive a request originating from a client-side browser window, where the request includes a resource locator (e.g., a URL) and a window identifier. In response, the server component can send a script to the window for retrieving the window's actual identifier/name. Based on the actual identifier returned by the script and the window identifier included in the initial request, the server component can determine whether the window is a new window or an existing window and can process the request as appropriate.
System and method for remotely controlling network operators
A system and method for controlling communications networks. Network performance information is gathered from a first communications network using performance information packet data packets. A network operator of the first communications network is controlled from a secondary communications network using the performance information packet data packets. Changes to the network operator are implemented based on instructions included in the performance information packet data packets.
Evaluating configuration changes based on aggregate activity level
Disclosed are various embodiments for computing and using an aggregate activity level for a computing system. Activity level metrics are obtained from a corresponding plurality of components in a data center. A current aggregate activity level request is received. An aggregate activity level is computed from the activity level metrics. The aggregate activity level is compared to a baseline aggregate activity level. In response to the request, an indication is provided as to whether the aggregate activity level falls within a predefined range of the baseline aggregate activity level.
Systems and methods for policy-based intelligent provisioning of optical transport bandwidth
Policy-based, on-demand provisioning of optical transport bandwidth is disclosed. In one of many possible embodiments, a system is provided for policy-based, on-demand provisioning of optical transport bandwidth. The system includes a layer-specific operation support subsystem (OSS) configured to manage network elements that form a sub-network over an optical transport network. The optical transport network provides bandwidth-on-demand provisioning capabilities. The layer-specific OSS includes one or more predefined bandwidth provisioning policies. The layer-specific OSS is configured to selectively request on-demand provisioning of bandwidth on the sub-network based on the predefined bandwidth provisioning policies.
Ethernet local management interface (E-LMI)
An Ethernet local management interface (E-LMI) protocol for use at a user-to-network interface (UNI) of a Metro Ethernet Network (MEN) is disclosed. The E-LMI protocol allows configuration and status information for the services at the UNI to be transferred from the MEN to a customer edge device coupled to the MEN at the UNI. Various embodiments involve sending or receiving a message via a User-to-Network Interface (UNI) of a Metro Ethernet Network (MEN). A customer edge device extracts configuration and status information for the services at the UNI from a received message. The configuration and status information can correspond to a multipoint Ethernet Virtual Connection (EVC).
Fast reroute using different frequency-hopping schedules
In one embodiment, a primary node in a shared-media communication network is selected by a node toward a destination. In response to determining the primary node, the node determines a frequency-hopping schedule of the primary node. One or more backup nodes for the primary nodes are then determined based on a frequency-hopping schedule diversity between the primary node and the one or more backup nodes.
Alarm management apparatus and method for managing alarms
An alarm management apparatus includes a processor. The processor is configured to receive alarms notified upon a plurality of communication apparatuses detecting a failure. The alarms include identification information for identifying types of the respective alarms. Each of the plurality of communication apparatuses is included in one of a plurality of communication networks. The processor is configured to check development situations of respective types of alarms received from each of the plurality of communication networks on basis of the identification information to identify a particular communication network and a particular type of alarms. The processor is configured to cause a first relay apparatus of a plurality of relay apparatuses to discard first alarms of the particular type. The first alarms are notified from a first communication apparatus included in the particular communication network. The first communication apparatus is not adjacent to a development location of the failure.
Mechanism for alarm management of Femto related systems to avoid alarm floods
A method of alarm management in a communications system having a number of Femto base stations, the method comprising the steps of: detecting disruption of a communication link between a Femto base station and a management system via which alarms are communicated; blocking the sending of alarms by the Femto base station; generating a report representative of the accumulation of alarms; detecting re-establishment of the communication link; sending the report to the management system; and reporting alarms to the management system on the basis of the report.
Alternative network address port translation
An apparatus includes a plurality of network devices to transmit frames of data. Each of the network devices is associated with one or more predetermined transport-layer port numbers that are not associated with any others of the network devices. All of the network devices are associated with a single common predetermined internet protocol (IP) address. Each of the frames of data includes the common predetermined IP address as a source IP address and a respective one of the predetermined transport-layer port numbers as a source transport-layer port number. A switch includes a plurality of first interfaces, each in communication with one of the network devices, to receive the frames of data from the network devices, a second interface to transmit the frames of data from the apparatus, and a forwarding engine to transfer the frames of data from the second interfaces to the first interface.
Priority packet processing
A network node in a vehicular network processes packets based on a prioritization scheme. The prioritization scheme uses packet type, priority, source, destination, or other information to determine a priority of the packets. Packets can be stored in one of multiple queues organized according to packet type, or other criteria. In some cases, only one queue is used. The packets are time stamped when put into a queue, and a time to live is calculated based on the timestamp. The time to live, as well as other factors such as packet type, packet priority, packet source, and packet destination can be used to adjust a packet's priority within the queue. Packets are transmitted from the queues in priority order. In some cases, the network node can identify a top-priority packet, and transmit the top priority packet without first storing the packet in the queue.
Mechanism for facilitating user-controlled features relating to media content in multiple online media communities and networks
In accordance with embodiments, there are provided mechanisms and methods for facilitating playlist assistance and sharing of media content over multiple media communities according to one embodiment. In one embodiment and by way of example, a method includes receiving, at a first computing device, a request relating to media content. The request may be placed by a user at a second computing device. The method may further include researching a plurality of media playlists at a plurality of media communities for the media content, selecting one or more of the plurality of media playlists at one or more of the media communities having the media content, and transmitting, from the first computing to the second computing device, the one or more media playlists having the media content.
Renewing registrations for a plurality of client applications that are associated with the same host server via an explicit piggybacking scheme
In an embodiment, a server registers first and seconds client applications on the same client device. The first client application on a client device obtains, from the server or some other source, application-to-application communicative information for facilitating communication between the first and second client applications. Based on the application-to-application communicative information, the first client application configures a given registration request message that includes (i) a request for renewing the first client application's registration with the server, and (ii) a request for renewing the second client application's registration with the same server, and transmits the given registration request message to the server. The server renews the registrations for the first and second client applications in response to the given registration request message.
High order modulation method, demapping method, and corresponding device
A high order modulation method, a demapping method, and a corresponding device are provided. With the high order modulation method, important bits is distinguished, and the important bits are divided into important bits for distinguishing large regions and important bits for distinguishing small regions according to the difficulty of judgment areas. Therefore, the judgment accuracy rate of a demodulator is further improved.
Method of transmitting reference signal and transmitter using the same
A method and apparatus of transmitting a reference signal in a wireless communication system is provided. A reference signal sequence is generated by using a pseudo-random sequence. A portion or entirety of the reference signal sequence is mapped to at least one resource block and is transmitted. The pseudo-random sequence is generated by a gold sequence generator which is initialized with initial values obtained by using cell identifier. The reference signal provides low PAPR and high cross correlation characteristic.
Device for generating a vector-modulated output signal and method for generating a vector-modulated output signal
A device for generating a vector-modulated output signal based on a baseband signal having an in-phase component and a quadrature component, a first LO signal for the in-phase component of the baseband signal and a second LO signal for the quadrature component of the baseband signal comprises a baseband combination circuit, which is configured to combine the in-phase component and the quadrature component in order to obtain a plurality of combined IQ signals. Furthermore, the device includes a plurality of mixer cells for generating the vector-modulated output signal, based on the combined IQ signals, the first LO signal and the second LO signal.
Digital wideband closed loop phase modulator with modulation gain calibration
One embodiment of the present invention relates to a modulation system having a phase locked loop and an adaptive control. The phased lock loop is configured to receive an input signal and an adaptive signal. The input signal is an unmodulated signal, such as a phase component or phase signal. The phase locked loop is also configured to provide an error signal and an output signal. The error signal indicates one or more modulation errors. The output signal is a modulated version of the input signal that has been corrected using the adaptive signal to mitigate the one or more modulation errors.
Apparatus and method to process signals from one or more transmission sources
A receiver and a method to process signals from one or more transmission sources. The receives includes a front-end having: an input coupling path to route an analog input signal received from one or more transmission sources; an equalizer to generate an equalized signal from the analog input signal; and an ADC to generate a digitized signal from the equalized signal. The method includes routing the analog input signal through an input coupling path; equalizing the analog input signal to generate an equalized signal therefrom; and digitizing the equalized signal to generate a digitized signal therefrom.
Radio communication system and receiving apparatus
A radio communication system includes a multiple number of transmitting apparatus and a receiving apparatus including a multiple number of receive antennas, in which the transmitting apparatus generates a reference signal that is obtained by adding a different time shift to a known signal between the transmitting apparatus and the receiving apparatus, multiplexes a data signal with the reference signal and transmits the resultant signal. The receiving apparatus separates reference signals multiplexed on the signals received from the multiple transmitting apparatus, and estimates channel information from the reference signals, which have been transmitted through common frequencies in part or whole of the signal spectra. Then, the data signal is decoded based on the estimated channel information.
Method and apparatuses for allowing a nomadic terminal to access a home network on layer 2 level
A method of allowing a nomadic terminal to access a home network on the Layer 2 level. The method comprises connecting said terminal to a remote access network via an access point, the remote access network being connected to an operator's backbone network via a remote access router. Signalling is exchanged between the access point and an authentication server within the backbone network in order to authenticate the terminal to the authentication server and, following successful authentication, a Layer 2 tunnel extending across the backbone network is established for the purpose of connecting said nomadic terminal to the home network.
Apparatus, method, and medium for controlling transmission of data
A data processing apparatus can reduce an occupancy rate of a ring bus by suppressing occurrence of a stall packet, and can change a processing sequence. In the data processing apparatus, a buffer is provided in each communication unit connecting the ring bus and the associated processing unit. Transfer of data from the communication unit to the processing unit is controlled by an enable signal. Consequently, occurrence of a stall packet is suppressed. Accordingly, frequency of occurrence of a deadlock state is reduced by decreasing the occupancy rate of the ring bus.
Method and apparatus for transmitting/receiving content by interconnecting internet protocol television with home network
A method and apparatus for transmitting and/or receiving digital content through an Internet protocol (IP) network are provided. The method of receiving a digital content file from a content server by a device in a home network, includes: receiving access information of the digital content file from another device in the home network which is permitted to access the digital content file; directly requesting the content server to transmit the digital content file, based on the received information; and receiving the digital content directly from the content server. In this way, an overload that can occur in a device relaying digital content, as the device relays digital content to a plurality of devices on a home network, can be prevented.
Media shadow files and system
One embodiment of a system for rendering media files comprises a computer configured to determine media file formats that are used by media rendering devices connected to a network and to determine media files available on the network. The computer generates media shadow files of media file formats used by the media rendering devices to accompany existing media files available on the network in alternative formats.
Method and apparatus for relaying communication between universal plug and play device and remote user interface client
Provided is are method of relaying communication between a remote user interface (RUI) client and a universal plug and play (UPnP) device in a home network. The method includes: searching for a UPnP action mapped to an RUI element corresponding to an RUI control message received from an RUI client,; generating a simple object access protocol (SOAP) message for calling a found UPnP action; and transmitting the SOAP message to the UPnP device.
Stateless application notifications
Stateless application notifications are described that enable third parties to provide messages to client applications. A communication channel can be established between a notification service and an application. Upon request, the notification service can generate obfuscated routing data for the channel, which can be in the form of a channel handle or token. The routing data can be encrypted and digitally signed to obscure the content and format of the routing data from third parties. An application service possessing the obfuscated routing data can package a notification with the data and send the package to the notification service for delivery. The application service does so without knowing the channel particulars encoded by the obfuscated routing data. The notification service that produces the obfuscated routing data can decrypt and interpret the data, and deliver the notification on the channel to an appropriate endpoint application on behalf of the application service.
System and method for conserving power in link aggregation groups
A system and method of reducing power consumption in a network switching unit includes detecting whether conditions are suitable for reducing power consumption in a first network switching unit. The first network switching unit includes a link aggregation group (LAG) and a plurality of communication ports, each communication port configured to couple the first network switching unit to a second network switching unit using a corresponding network link selected from a plurality of network links, and wherein the plurality of network links are assigned to the LAG. The system and method further includes requesting network link deactivation by sending a link deactivation request to the second network switching unit, determining whether the link deactivation request is approved, determining a first network link selected from the plurality of network links to deactivate, deactivating the first network link from use by the LAG, and reducing power supplied to the first network link.
System and method for interapplication communications
A first executable program on a computer system is enabled to exchange communications with a second executable program on the computer system by determining that the first executable program requests to exchange information with the second executable program, using the second executable program to challenge the first executable program for a digital certificate, and using the second executable program to exchange information with the first executable program when the digital certificate is verified.
System and method for deterministic generation of a common content encryption key on distinct encryption units
Various embodiments of a system and method for deterministic generation of a common content encryption key on distinct encryption units are described. Embodiments may include, for each given content item of multiple content items that represent one or more portions of a common media object, controlling a different encryption unit of multiple distinct encryption units to i) generate a content encryption key for the given content item based on: a common base secret shared by the multiple distinct encryption units, and an identifier specific to the media object, and ii) encrypt the given content item with the respective content encryption key generated for that content item in order to generate a respective encrypted content item. Each content encryption key generated for a given content item may be equivalent to each other content encryption key such that decryption of each encrypted content item requires a common decryption key.
Encryption and decryption using a physically unclonable function
Approaches for using a physically unclonable function (PUF) as a key-encrypting key are disclosed. Data is encrypted using a session key, and at least one PUF value is generated from a PUF. The session key and a correctness indicator are encrypted into a corresponding session key pair using the PUF value. Each session key pair is added to the encrypted data. Subsequent decryption, using a subsequently generated PUF value, of the correctness indicator to an expected value indicates a valid decryption. Decryption may be repeated using a different PUF value if the correctness indicator does not match the expected value. In another approach, the session key may be omitted and the payload data may be encrypted with the different PUF values and paired with correctness indicators.
Systems for determining website secure certificate status via partner browser plugin
Systems of the present inventions allow for determining website secure certificate status via a partner browser plugin. An exemplary system may comprise a server communicatively coupled to a network hosting a first website configured to receive a request for a plugin from a partner. The plugin may be configured to determine the secure certificate status of a second website browsed in a browser on the partner's computing device. The system further may comprise a plugin request processing module, perhaps running on the server, configured to receive a request for the plugin from the partner, code the plugin with a unique identifier identifying the partner, and transmit the coded plugin to the partner. A status receipt module, perhaps also running on the server, may be configured to receive, from the plugin, the second website's uniform resource locator and secure certificate status, and the partner's unique identifier. The status receipt module also may be configured to store the received data in a database running on the server.
Website secure certificate status determination via partner browser plugin
Methods of the present inventions allow for determining website secure certificate status via a partner browser plugin. An exemplary method may comprise storing, on a server communicatively coupled to a network, a plugin configured to determine the secure certificate status of a website browsed in the browser. A request for the plugin, from a partner having a unique identifier, may be received at the server. The plugin may be coded with the partner's unique identifier and transmitted to the partner. The server subsequently may receive, from the plugin, the website's uniform resource locator and secure certificate status along with the partner's unique identifier, which may be used to identify the source of the data.
Receiving apparatus for differential signals
A receiving apparatus includes a differential amplifier and a logic circuit. The differential amplifier is adapted to receive differential signals having been differentially converted to single-ended convert the received differential signals into a single-ended signal. The logic circuit is adapted to: ternary discriminate an amplitude level of the single-ended signal at a first ternary discrimination timing; ternary discriminate an amplitude level of the single-ended signal at a second ternary discrimination timing; binary discriminate an amplitude level of the single-ended signal at the first binary discrimination timing, by using results of the ternary discriminations of the amplitude level of the single-ended signal at the first ternary discrimination timing and the second ternary discrimination timing; and output a binary signal corresponding to the binary discrimination.
Method and system for providing diverse multiple carrier aggregation
Embodiments of systems and methods are presented to provide diverse multiple channel aggregation for wireless broadband edge devices with existing wireless technologies. A method and apparatus for supporting aggregation of multiple diverse RF carriers are disclosed. A wireless edge device capable of transmit and receiving on multiple diverse RF carriers using one or multiple wireless standards A wireless edge device may utilize carrier aggregation using the same radio access scheme with different frequency bands and possibly different rf bandwidths. Additionally a wireless edge device which can utilize different radio access schemes with different frequency bands. The radio access scheme and the frequency bands that the wireless edge device can use may be provided by one wireless network operator or by multiple wireless network operators.
Method and apparatus for transmitting control information in wireless communication system
The present invention relates to a method for receiving a downlink control signal in a TDD-based wireless communication system, and to an apparatus therefor. The method comprises receiving a downlink signal via a downlink interval in a specific frame including the downlink interval, a guard interval and an uplink interval. A combination of the downlink interval, the guard interval and the uplink interval is given using configuration information on the specific subframe. When the configuration information is given such that the length of the downlink interval is larger than a specific value, detecting a first type of PDCCH is performed in the specific subframe. When the configuration information is given such that the length of the downlink interval is equal to or smaller than the specific value, detecting the first type of PDCCH is skipped in the specific subframe.
Method and system for utilizing a reserved channel to manage energy efficient network protocols
Aspects of a method and system for utilization of a reserved and/or out of band channel for managing a data rate of an Ethernet channel are provided. In this regard, a data rate of a network link may be managed via traffic communicated over a reserved and/or out of band channel on said network link. The reserved and/or out of band channel may be an auxiliary channel established in the IEEE 802.3AN standard. Traffic communicated over the reserved and/or out of band channel may enable negotiating a data rate for the link, scheduling a change in the data rate on the link, exchanging link state information, configuring a number of active physical channels on the link, configuring a signal constellation utilized for representing data on said the link, configuring an inter-frame or inter-packet gap, and/or configuring signal levels utilized for signaling on the link.
Cyclic prefix based opportunistic transmission/reception scheme for interference cancelation
Systems, methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for interference cancelation are provided. One method includes forming, by a wireless system, a signal structure to match a structure of an interfering signal with repetitive time structure. The method may further include using the formed signal structure to eliminate interference caused by the interfering signal. The signal structure includes parts that are synchronized with the repeated parts of the interfering signal structure to cancel the repetition of the interference, and the signal structure further comprises another part synchronized with the non-repeated parts of the interference signal.
Method and apparatus for configuring resource elements for the provision of channel state information reference signals
Methods, apparatus and computer program products define additional resource elements of a physical resource block (PRB) to be allocated for the provision of channel state information reference signals in a manner that does not create issues relating to backwards compatibility for legacy mobile terminals. A method may include receiving a definition of a plurality of resource elements of a PRB to be allocated for provision of channel state information reference signals. At least some of the plurality of resource elements of the PRB that are allocated for the provision of channel state information reference signals correspond in position to resource elements of the PRB that are interpreted by a different type of mobile terminal to be muted. The method also causes channel state information reference signals to be received via the plurality of resource elements of the PRB that are allocated for the provision of channel state information reference signals.
Shared signaling channel
A shared signaling channel can be used in an Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) communication system to provide signaling, acknowledgement, and power control messages to access terminals within the system. The shared signaling channel can be assigned to a predetermined number of sub-carriers within any frame. The assignment of a predetermined number of sub-carriers to the shared signaling channel establishes a fixed bandwidth overhead for the channel. The actual sub-carriers assigned to the channel can be varied periodically, and can vary according to a predetermined frequency hopping schedule. The amount of signal power allocated to the signaling channel can vary on a per symbol basis depending on the power requirements of the communication link. The shared signaling channel can direct each message carried on the channel to one or more access terminals. Unicast messages allow the channel power to be controlled per the needs of individual communication links.
Interference coordinating method, base station and user equipment
A method of interference coordination, base station and user equipment. The method comprises: precoding by a macro cell eNB the signals of the downlink control channel of scheduled macro cell UE by using pre-obtained precoded matrixes, such that the signal null space formed by precoding is pointed to pico cells and/or the characteristic value space of the signals is pointed to the macro cell UE. With such a method, almost all the interference caused by the PDCCH of the macro cell to the pico cell is eliminated, and the performances of the macro cell are not affected, solving the problem existed in the prior art; or improving the receiving performance of the macro cell UE, and further alleviating the interference of the macro cell on the pico cells.
Virtual data center bridging exchange (vDCBX) protocol
In one embodiment, a system includes processor; and logic integrated with and/or executable by the processor, the logic being adapted to: assign a VLAN type to each of a plurality of VLANs of an architecture; generate a VLAN list type-length-value (vTLV) message; and transmit information to resources based at least in part on the vTLV message, wherein the resources comprise at least one virtual switch and one or more of: at least one physical switch; at least one virtual port; at least one physical port; at least one virtual machine; at least one converged network adapter (CNA); and at least one fiber channel forwarder (FCF).
Method and system for MIMO transmission in a distributed transceiver network
A transmitting device comprises a plurality of distributed transceivers, a baseband processor and a network management engine. Data streams are generated at baseband by the baseband processor. Diversity coding such as space-time coding may be performed over the generated data streams in the baseband. The transmitting device concurrently transmits each of the coded streams in a same radio frequency (RF) band to a receiving device over the entire distributed transceivers through associated antennas. When needed, the network management engine may identify one or more auxiliary devices providing available transceivers and antenna beamformers to the transmitting device for sharing. Beam patterns and antenna orientations may be determined for associated antennas of the available transceivers for the transmitting device. Each of the coded data streams in the same radio frequency band may be transmitted to the receiving device over the entire available transceivers for the transmitting device through the associated antennas.
Protocol-configurable transaction processing
A traffic management device or other intermediate network device is configured to enable the device to support connection splitting and/or connection aggregation or to otherwise process network transactions for an arbitrary transaction-oriented protocol. The configuration may be accomplished by providing one or more traffic management rules defined by way of a scripting language and provided to an interpreter. The traffic management rule may follow a basic approach common to many protocols and is adapted to the particular protocol being supported. The rule may configure the network device to inspect incoming data, extract length and record type specifiers, buffer an appropriate amount of data to determine transactions or transaction boundaries, and perform other operations. Transaction processing may be enabled for various kinds of protocols, including application-level, proprietary, quasi-proprietary, and special-purpose protocols, protocols for which limited information is available, and protocols not natively supported by the network device.
Heterogeneous network partition in TDD beyond radio frame
Maintaining uplink hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) compatibility with extended radio frames includes partitioning subframe groups over an extended radio frame having a length of time greater than a time defined for a single radio frame. User equipment (UE) suspends PUSCH (physical uplink shared channel) retransmission in the extended radio frame, in accordance with hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) timing of a subframe group assigned to the UE.
Method for determining transport block size and signal transmission method using the same
A method for performing, by a first device, channel coding of data to be transmitted to a second device, the method includes: determining a size of a transport block for the data; attaching a first cyclic redundancy check (CRC) code to the transport block having the determined size to produce a first CRC-attached transport block; and segmenting the first CRC-attached transport block into multiple code blocks, wherein the size of the transport block is determined from among a plurality of predetermined transport block sizes such that the multiple code blocks have a same size as each other.
Blind transport format detection depending on the conditions of reception of the signal
A method for determining a length of a message block of k bits from a length candidate set, comprising steps of: —Selecting (401) a length candidate (N) among the set; —Decoding (402) a received frame to form a decoded sequence that includes a message of a length equal to the length candidate (N), by a Viterbi decoder; —Calculating (402) a Viterbi variable (S(N)) for this candidate (N), —Comparing (403) the Viterbi variable with a threshold (Δ), —Repeating the selecting (401), decoding (402) and calculating (402) steps if said Viterbi variable (S(N)) is greater than the threshold (Δ) and if there exists an unselected length candidate among the set; —If the Viterbi variable is greater than a best value (Sbest), updating this best value to the Viterbi variable and updating a best length (Nend) to this candidate; —Wherein the threshold (Δ) is initially set to a value determined according to the conditions of reception of the receiver.
Method for configuring a telecommunication system
The invention relates to a method for configuring a telecommunication system comprising at least one sending entity and one receiving entity between which the same link transmits several transport channels with different qualities of service. The sending entity matches the rate between the different coded transport channels with separate qualities of service, and the different coded transport channels are then multiplexed. The matching rate specific to each coded transport channel is determined from at least one first parameter representative of the expected Eb/I ratio and a second parameter representative of the capacity of the physical channel.
Method and system for controlling an interleaver
Systems and Methods for controlling an interleaver are disclosed. Generally, a first and second signal are received, wherein the first and second signals are selected from the group consisting of a signal to noise ration signal, a data rate signal, and a bit error rate signal. An interleaver control signal is then generated based on the first and second signals.
Method, apparatus and system for transmitting and receiving client signals
The present invention provides a method, apparatus and system for transmitting and receiving a client signal. A client signal is mapped to a low-order ODU via a GFP scheme, wherein the low-order ODU is sized to M equal sized timeslots of a high-order OPUk, wherein the high-order OPUk is divided into N equal sized timeslots, wherein M is any one of a group from 1 to N; wherein if k=2, then N=8, if k=3, then N=32 and if k=4, then N=80. The low-order ODU with the client signal is mapped to M equal sized timeslots of the high-order OPUk via a GMP scheme; and an OTU with the high-order OPUk and overheads is formed, and then the OTU is transmitted.
Method of optical data transmission using mode division multiplexing
A method and a device for optical data transmission are proposed. Incoming optical signals having respective incoming waveguide modes are mapped into outgoing optical signals having respective outgoing waveguide modes, using optical spatial modulators, whose multiplicative patterns correspond to the respective electrical field patterns of the respective incoming or outgoing waveguide modes. An incoming optical signal, whose respective incoming waveguide mode is of an azimuthal order equal to zero, results in an outgoing optical signal, whose respective outgoing waveguide mode is of an azimuthal order equal to zero. Furthermore, two incoming optical signals, whose respective second incoming waveguide modes are of a same azimuthal order greater than zero, of a same radial order, and orthogonal to each other result in respective outgoing signals, whose respective outgoing waveguide modes are off a same azimuthal order greater than zero, of a same radial order and orthogonal to each other.
Overlapping spectrum in optical communication
An optical add-drop multiplexer including a first filter filtering a first band of wavelengths of a communication spectrum for a first communication and a second filter filtering a second band of wavelengths of the communication spectrum for a second communication. The second band of wavelengths overlaps the first band of wavelengths in an overlap band of wavelengths. The first band of wavelengths includes a first fraction of the overlap band of wavelengths for the first communication and the second band of wavelengths includes a remaining fraction the overlap band of wavelengths for the second communication.
Post-transient gain control of optical amplifiers
Methods and systems for post-transient gain control of optical amplifiers may include using a gain offset control module in an optical amplifier to generate a gain offset cancelling signal. The gain offset cancelling signal may be output to a gain control module in the optical amplifier to generate at least one of a pump signal and an attenuation control signal. In this manner, a gain offset may be cancelled for a plurality of wavelengths in an optical signal transmitted by an optical network.
Method and apparatus for pilot multiplexing in a wireless communication system
Techniques for multiplexing pilots in a wireless transmission are described. In one aspect, a transmitter station generates multiple pilot sequences for multiple transmit antennas, with each pilot sequence comprising pilot symbols sent in the time domain on a different set of subcarriers. The transmitter station further generates multiple pilot transmissions for the transmit antennas based on the pilot sequences. In another aspect, a transmitter station generates multiple pilot sequences for multiple transmit antennas based on frequency-domain code division multiplexing (FD-CDM) of a Chu sequence defined by a transmitter-specific value. The transmitter station further generates multiple pilot transmissions for the transmit antennas based on the pilot sequences. In yet another aspect, a transmitter station generates multiple pilot transmissions for multiple transmit antennas based on a first multiplexing scheme and generates multiple data transmissions based on a second multiplexing scheme that is different from the first multiplexing scheme.
Performing a handover in a heterogeneous wireless network
Technology for performing a handover in a heterogeneous wireless network (HetNet) is disclosed. One method comprises receiving, at an anchor serving cell in the HetNet, channel measurement reports made by a user equipment (UE) for a plurality of cells. A transmission point change request can be sent, based on the channel measurements for the UE, from the anchor serving cell to a target transmission point. The target transmission point is located in one of the plurality of cells. A transmission point change indicator is sent from the anchor cell to the UE to indicate a change in TP with which the UE will communicate via an air interface, while maintaining a connection to the anchor serving cell.
Method and apparatus for transmitting ACK/NACK in TDD-based wireless communication system
Provided are a method and apparatus for transmitting positive-acknowledgement (ACK)/negative-acknowledgement (NACK) in a time division duplex (TDD)-based wireless communication system. A user equipment receives an uplink grant which includes an uplink resource assignment and an uplink downlink assignment index (DAI), determines an ACK/NACK payload size on the basis of a value of the uplink DAI, and generates an ACK/NACK response for the at least one downlink transport block. The user equipment multiplexes the ACK/NACK response on an uplink transport block, and transmits the multiplexed ACK/NACK response.
Method for monitoring a metric for a base station's downlink/uplink path utilizing a radio frequency scanner and the radio frequency scanner
In one embodiment, the radio frequency scanner includes a detector configured to receive signals for transmission by the base station, and to detect a presence metric for each carrier expected in the received signals. A processor is configured to determine if the base station is operating improperly based on the detected presence metrics.
System-level adaptive minimization of interference in multi-function radios
A method and apparatus that mitigates self-interference among various receivers and transmitters in a multifunction radio includes a transmitter operating in a first frequency band and a receiver operating in a second frequency band, different from the first frequency band. Jamming factors for multiple frequency channels in the first frequency band are calculated based on possible interference with the second frequency band by artifacts of the respective frequency channels. The frequency channel having the smallest jamming factor is selected as the frequency to be used by the transmitter.
Underwater communication system and related communicating method and devices
The invention relates to an underwater communication system and method. The system comprises at least one underwater remote device comprising a processing unit and functionally connected to the processing unit first magnetoinductive communication means capable of communicating with other underwater devices using magnetic induction, and a wearable underwater monitor device comprising second magnetoinductive communication means capable of communicating with said remote device using magnetic induction. According to the invention, the remote device further comprises functionally connected to said processing unit acoustic communication means capable of transmitting acoustic signals. The invention helps to keep the monitor device small and energy efficient, still allowing for long-distance underwater communications.
System and method for a multi-wavelength coherent receiver
Embodiments are provided for a novel multi-wavelength coherent receiver (MWCR) design and operation capable of detecting multiple optical wavelength channels. The embodiments include an optical receiver comprising a polarization-diversity optical hybrid module, a multiple wavelength local oscillator (MWLO) coupled to an input of the polarization-diversity optical hybrid module, a plurality of PIN diodes coupled to the polarization-diversity optical hybrid module, a plurality of analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) coupled to the PIN diodes, and a digital signal processing (DSP) module coupled to the ADCs. The polarization-diversity optical hybrid module splits an optical signal into multiple polarization components, wherein the optical signal includes multiple channels at multiple wavelengths. The MWLO locks the optical signal to the multiple wavelengths of the channels simultaneously. The DSP combines the signals from the ADCs corresponding to the polarization components and detects the channels at the wavelengths.
Digital noise loading for optical receivers
Managing performance of an optical communications network may be facilitated by digital noise loading techniques. The digital noise loading techniques may include measuring a quality of a communication signal received at a coherent optical receiver, applying digital noise to the communication signal at the coherent optical receiver, and detecting a change in the quality of the communication signal at the coherent optical receiver in response to the application of the digital noise. Based on the change in the quality of the communication signal, an operating characteristic and/or a performance margin of the coherent optical receiver may be determined, prompting or facilitating further actions such as adjusting one or more operating parameters of the optical communications network and/or triggering an alert.
Method and system for alignment of photodetector array to optical demultiplexer outputs
A system is provided for aligning a photodetector array to optical outputs of an optical demultiplexer in a multi-channel receiver optical subassembly (ROSA). In one embodiment, the system may include a clamp alignment fixture configured to secure a position of a photodetector mounting bar within a ROSA housing, wherein the photodetector array is disposed on the photodetector mounting bar and the photodetector array includes a plurality of photodiodes. The system may further include a motion staging device configured to adjust an orientation of the photodetector mounting bar by varying an angle of the clamp alignment fixture. The adjustment may be based on observation of the location of an optical alignment signal relative to the plurality of photodiodes, the optical alignment signal projected onto the photodetector mounting bar by the optical demultiplexer.
Transmitter and receiver for transceiving optical signals
A transmitter for transmitting an optical signal based on a baseband signal, including an up-transformer for up-transforming the baseband signal to obtain a bandpass signal and a converter for converting the bandpass signal into a signal having a DC-offset. The transmitter further includes a modulator for modulating a light source with the signal having the DC-offsets to transmit the optical signal.
Integrated control module for communication system on a chip for silicon photonics
In an example, an integrated system-on-chip device is configured on a single silicon substrate member. The device has a data input/output interface provided on the substrate member. The device has an input/output block provided on the substrate member and coupled to the data input/output interface. The device has a signal processing block provided on the substrate member and coupled to the input/output block. The device has a driver module provided on the substrate member and coupled to the signal processing block. In an example, the device has a driver interface provided on the substrate member and coupled to the driver module and configured to be coupled to a silicon photonics device. A control block is configured to receive and send instruction(s) in a digital format to the communication block and is configured to receive and send signals in an analog format to communicate with the silicon photonics device.
A communication method in the present disclosure is a communication method for obtaining information from a subject, including: taking a picture of the subject in a picture-taking mode, thereby obtaining image data; performing, after the taking, visible light communication in a visible light communication mode which is a different mode from the picture-taking mode, thereby obtaining visible light data of the subject; and embedding the visible light data obtained, into the image data, and thus saving the visible light data obtained.
Communication system with feedback mechanism and method of operation thereof
A method of operation of a communication system includes: determining a channel estimate based on an arriving communication for characterizing a channel; calculating a conditional measure based on the channel estimate for characterizing the channel at a subsequent index; generating a channel-based probability function using the conditional measure, the channel-based probability function based on a feedback metric; determining a stochastic channel indicator based on a value of the feedback metric producing a target condition from the channel-based probability function; and sending the stochastic channel indicator for controlling communication at a base station for communication through a device.
Phased array transmission device
Transmission output detectors extract transmission outputs of a plurality of transmission branches, and an inter-branch error detector detects a combined signal level of the transmission outputs of the transmission branches to obtain an error detection signal. A correction controller calculates an amplitude error between the transmission branches based on an error detection signal, and calculates a phase error between the transmission branches based on an error detection signal which is obtained by changing the phases of the transmission branches. A phase controller and an amplitude controller correct the amplitude error and the phase error.
Method and apparatus for open loop transmission in a multiple antenna wireless communication system
The invention concerns a method for precoding in an open loop transmission communications system, wherein the method includes precoding data at each of M REs with a precoding matrix, precoding each of DM-RSs with one column of a precoding matrix which is same as that used for precoding M data REs. The method is distinguished by using at least L≧2 different precoding matrices from a set of precoding matrices W to precode the M REs and the E allocated REs such that REs precoded with a first precoding matrix are interleaved with REs precoded with at least one additional, different precoding matrix and the number of used precoding matrices L is adapted to the transmission rank r and number N of available DM-RS. The invention further concerns a radio transmitter and a user equipment.
Precoding method, precoding device
Disclosed is a precoding method for generating, from a plurality of baseband signals, a plurality of precoded signals that are transmitted in the same frequency bandwidth at the same time. According to the precoding method, one matrix is selected from among matrices defining a precoding process that is performed on the plurality of baseband signals by hopping between the matrices. A first baseband signal and a second baseband signal relating to a first coded block and a second coded block generated by using a predetermined error correction block coding scheme satisfy a given condition.
Method and apparatus using a base codebook structure for beamforming
Techniques for a precoding scheme for wireless communications are described. A method and apparatus may comprise a first device for a communications system to determine a beamforming structure for a closed loop transmit beamforming scheme using channel information, one or more scaling factors and one or more integers to represent a complex vector. The beamforming structure may include a codeword, a codebook and a codeword index. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Efficient rank and precoding matrix feedback for MIMO systems
The present disclosure provides a receiver, a transmitter and methods of operating a receiver or a transmitter. In one embodiment, the receiver includes a receive unit configured to receive transmissions from multiple antennas. The receiver also includes a rank feedback unit configured to feed back a transmission rank selection, wherein the transmission rank selection corresponds to a transmission rank feedback reduction scheme. The receiver further includes a precoding feedback unit configured to feed back a precoding matrix selection, wherein the precoding matrix selection corresponds to a precoding matrix feedback reduction scheme.
Apparatus, system and method of transmit power control for wireless communication
Some demonstrative embodiments include apparatuses, systems and/or methods of transmit power control for wireless communication. For example, an apparatus may include a controller to control a plurality of transmit powers of a plurality of directional beams formed by an antenna array to transmit a wireless communication. The controller may control the plurality of transmit powers based on at least first and second power limits, the first power limit including a power density limit corresponding to a power density of a directional beam of the plurality of directional beams, and the second power limit including a total transmit power limit corresponding to a total of the transmit powers.
Systems and methods for determining whether a companion communication device is beyond a proximity of a primary communication device
Systems and methods for determining whether a companion communication device is beyond a proximity of a primary communication device are provided. In some aspects, a system includes an analysis module configured to determine whether a wireless transaction between the primary communication device and the companion communication device is at a conclusion. The system also includes a communications module configured to emit a sensing signal based on the determination of whether the transaction is at the conclusion. The sensing signal is insufficient to elicit a response from the companion communication device. The system also includes a detection module configured to detect a present parameter associated with the emitted sensing signal. The analysis module is configured to determine a parameter change between the present parameter and a reference parameter, and to determine whether the companion communication device is beyond the proximity of the primary communication device based on the parameter change.
Electrical load monitoring apparatuses
An electrical load monitoring apparatus includes a first inductive coupling device, the first inductive coupling device is configured to receive electrical energy associated with an electrical conductor proximate thereto, and a processor in electrical communication with the first inductive coupling device, wherein the processor is configured to receive the electrical energy from the first inductive coupling device, configured to modulate a carrier wave signal in response to the received electrical energy, and configured to inject the modulated carrier wave signal into the electrical conductor.
Analysis of captured signals to measure nonlinear distortion
A method to test a signal path with vacant bandwidth by sending a test signal twice and processing two resulting nonlinear distortion signals captured in the vacant bands to determine presence of nonlinear distortion. If the signals correlate, the energy in the vacant bands is nonlinear distortion. If the test signal is sent followed by an inverse (in time-domain) of itself, and a resulting correlation peak is negative, the nonlinear distortion is determined to have been created by odd-order nonlinear distortion.
Tunable filter front end architecture for non-contiguous carrier aggregation
Front end circuitry for a mobile terminal includes separate receive paths and filtering elements for different portions of each operating band. Accordingly, the filtering elements for each receive path can be designed with a smaller pass-band, thereby reducing the complexity of filtering circuitry in the front end circuitry and improving the efficiency thereof.
Semiconductor device and fabrication method
The present disclosure relates to impedance tuning of transmitting and receiving antennas.
Filtering blocker components of a signal
An apparatus includes a main amplifier configured to receive an input signal. The main amplifier is also configured to generate an output signal. The apparatus also includes an auxiliary path configured to phase-shift the input signal to generate a cancellation signal to reduce or cancel a blocker component of the output signal.
Periodic time segment sequence based signal generation
An output signal is developed. A periodic time segment sequence having a multiple ordered time segments is defined. The periodic time segment sequence is repeated. A plurality of sets of signal values are provided to an output, thereby generating the output signal. Each set of signal values is provided during a different ordered time segment than each other set. Each signal value of a set is provided during a different repetition of the periodic time segment sequence. Each set of signal values, in sequence, has statistical dependence with at least one other set of signal values, in sequence.
Decision feedback equalizer and receiver
Embodiments of the present invention provide a decision feedback equalizer, which includes: a receive end, configured to receive a first differential signal, and input the first differential signal to the superimposer; a superimposer, configured to superimpose the first differential signal on a square-wave signal output by a adjusting unit to obtain a second differential signal; the adjusting unit, configured to perform phase and/or amplitude adjustment for a second square-wave signal; the first decision device is configured to compare a voltage amplitude of the second differential signal with a set value, and output a first square-wave signal; the second decision device is configured to compare the voltage amplitude of the second differential signal with a voltage amplitude of a signal adjusted by the adjusting unit, and input an obtained second square-wave signal to the adjusting unit. The embodiments of the present invention can reduce data edge jitter.
Method of manufacturing a radio frequency receiver module
A method of manufacturing a radio frequency receiver module includes supporting a baseband processor on a base. A feature choice for the module is determined. The feature choice includes an antenna type, an RF type, or a stack type. An optional hardware component is selectively installed or omitted on the base dependent upon the determined feature choice.
Sampling method, apparatus, probe, reception beamforming apparatus, and medical imaging system performing the sampling method
A sampling method for generating a diagnostic image of an object is provided. The sampling method may include receiving an echo signal reflected from an object; sampling the received echo signal by using a sampling frequency and storing the I component data and the Q component data extracted according to a result of the sampling.
Frequency planning for digital power amplifier
Systems and techniques relating to wireless communication devices and digital power amplifiers include, according to an aspect, a device including: modulation circuitry of a radio frequency transmitter having a local oscillator frequency; a digital power amplifier coupled with the modulation circuitry; and a clock input coupled with the digital power amplifier; wherein the clock input provides a clock signal to the digital amplifier at a sampling clock frequency; and wherein the local oscillator frequency is an integer multiple of the sampling clock frequency.
Low density parity check code for terrestrial cloud broadcast
Provided is an LDPC (Low Density Parity Check) code for terrestrial cloud broadcast. A method of encoding input information based on an LDPC (Low Density Parity Check) includes receiving information and encoding the input information with an LDPC codeword using a parity check matrix, wherein the parity check matrix may have a structure obtained by combining a first parity check matrix for an LDPC code having a higher code rate than a reference value with a second parity check matrix for an LDPC code having a lower code rate than the reference value.
Boosting decompression in the presence of reoccurring Huffman trees
For boosting decompression in the presence of reoccurring Huffman trees, a previous Huffman tree is used to decompress a new data block if a match is identified between a compacted description of the Huffman tree and a recently used Huffman tree compaction.
Apparatuses and methods for linear to discrete quantization conversion with reduced sampling-variation errors
Provided is an apparatus for converting a continuous-time, continuously variable signal into a sampled and quantized signal, which includes an input line for accepting an input signal, multiple processing branches coupled to the input line, and an adder coupled to outputs of the plurality of processing branches. Each of the processing branches includes a sampling/quantization circuit and a digital bandpass interpolation filter having an input coupled to an output of the sampling/quantization circuit. The digital bandpass interpolation filters in different ones of the processing branches have frequency responses that are centered at different frequencies. The digital bandpass interpolation filter in at least one of the processing branches includes: (i) a quadrature downconverter, (ii) a first lowpass filter and a second lowpass filter, (iii) a first interpolator and a second interpolator, each having an input for inputting a variable interpolant value, and (iv) a quadrature upconverter.
Current amplifier circuit, integrator, and ad converter
In one embodiment, a current amplifier circuit includes a first transistor, a first resistor, a second transistor, a second resistor, a first passive element, and a control circuit. The first transistor has a first terminal, a second terminal, and a control terminal. The first resistor has one end connected to the first terminal of the first transistor. The second transistor has a first terminal, a second terminal, and a control terminal. The second resistor has one end connected to the first terminal of the second transistor. The first passive element is connected between the first terminals of the first transistor and the second transistor. The control circuit controls at least one of voltage at the control terminals of the first transistor and the second transistor such that the voltage at the other end of the first resistor becomes equal to the voltage at the other end of the second resistor.
Charge pump calibration for dual-path phase-locked loop
Embodiments of the invention are generally directed to charge pump calibration for a dual-path phase-locked loop circuit. An embodiment of an apparatus includes a phase frequency detector; an integral path including a first charge pump; a proportional path including a second charge pump; and a calibration mechanism for the first charge pump and the second charge pump, the calibration mechanism including a phase detector to detect whether a reference clock signal or a feedback clock signal is leading or lagging in phase and to generate a signal indicating which clock signal is leading or lagging, a first memory element and a second memory element to store the signal from the phase detector, a first control logic to adjust current for the first charge pump based on the value stored in the first memory element, and a second control logic to adjust current for the second charge pump based on the value stored in the second memory element.
Electronics device capable of efficient communication between components with asyncronous clocks
An electronics device is disclosed that reduces latency resulting from communication between a first electronics component operating based on a fast clock and a second electronics component operating based on a slow clock reduces communication latency. When transferring the data from the first component to the second, the data is written into a buffer using the first clock, and then extracted by the second component using the second clock. Alternatively, when transferring the data from the second component to the first component, the first component reads the data from the second component and monitors whether the data was extracted during a relevant edge of the second clock signal, in which case the first component again extracts the data from the second component.
Automatic amplitude control circuit
The present invention provides an automatic amplitude control circuit, including an oscillator, a collecting module, a first analog current generating module, a second analog current generating module, and a numerical control current generating module. According to this automatic amplitude control circuit, a low-noise numerical control bias current can be provided for the oscillator.
System and method for removing far field limitations in microwave photonic arbitrary waveform generators
A photonic waveform generator and a method of generating an electrical waveform based on a photonic signal are disclosed. The generator includes an input port for receiving an optical signal, a pulse shaper coupled to the input port and configured to Fourier transform the optical signal and apply a pre-distort waveform onto optical spectrum of the optical signal, a dispersive pulse stretcher coupled to the pulse shaper, an optical-to-electrical converter coupled to the dispersive pulse stretcher, and an output port coupled to the optical-to-electrical converter, the pre-distortion removes distortion of the electrical signal that exists in the absence of the pre-distortion caused by violation of far field limitation between the optical signal and the electrical signal.
Methods, integrated circuits, apparatuses and buffers with adjustable drive strength
Buffers, integrated circuits, apparatuses, and methods for adjusting drive strength of a buffer are disclosed. In an example apparatus, the buffer includes a driver. The driver includes a pull-up circuit coupled to a supply voltage node and an output node, and also includes a pull-down circuit coupled to a reference voltage node and the output node. A drive adjust circuit is coupled to at least one of the pull-up circuit and the pull-down circuit, with the drive adjust circuit configured to receive a feedback signal and, based at least in part on the feedback signal, adjust a current conducted through the at least one of the pull-up and pull-down circuits.
Single supply level shifter with improved rise time and reduced leakage
A single supply level shifter converts an input logic level IN into level shifted OUT and OUT_X. An IN inverter generates level-shifted OUT at an OUT Node. IN is coupled at an INT Node to a VDD supply rail, through an INT_Node PFET that controls the INT Node based on OUT_X. An OUT_X network includes a separate IN_X inverter (generating inverted IN independent of level shifting), and an OUT_X circuit that controls pull-up/down of an OUT_X Node to generate level-shifted OUT_X, receiving control inputs from both IN and IN_X inverters. The OUT_X circuit is a three FET stack: a pull-up/down PFET/NFET pair receives IN_X, and an OUT_X Node control PFET, coupled between the pull-up PFET and the OUT_X Node, receives OUT. Based on OUT and IN_X, the OUT_X circuit generates OUT_X as an inverted OUT (including supplying OUT_X to the INT_Node PFET to control the INT Node (including OUT pull-up).
Signal synchronizing systems and methods
Signal synchronizing systems and methods are disclosed. A signal synchronizing system includes a sequential logic circuit to receive an input signal and to generate a plurality of intermediate signals from the input signal based on a clock signal. A logic circuit combines the intermediate signals to generate an output signal. A signal receiver includes a microcontroller and a signal synchronizer coupled to the microcontroller. The signal synchronizer includes a sequential logic circuit to receive an input signal from a transmitter and to generate a plurality of intermediate signals from the received input signal based on a clock signal. A logic circuit combines the intermediate signals to generate an output signal.
Sub-band processing complexity reduction
A sub-band processing system that reduces computational complexity and memory requirements includes a processor and a local or distributed memory. Logic stored in the memory partitions a frequency spectrum of bins into a smaller number of sub-bands. The logic enables a lossy compression by designating a magnitude and a designated or derived phase of each bin in the frequency spectrum as representative. The logic renders a lossless compression by decompressing the lossy compressed data and providing lost data based on original spectral relationships contained within the frequency spectrum.
High-speed level shifter with voltage swing protection
A level shifter operates using first and second input signals. When the first and second input signals are in respective first and second states, a first switching element is activated and an output node is pulled toward a first voltage, first pull-down protection and first pull-down switching elements are deactivated, a first protection node is connected to a first bias voltage, second pull-down protection and second pull-down switching elements are activated, and a second protection node is pulled to a second voltage. When the first and second input signals are in respective second and first states, the first switching element is deactivated, the first pull-down protection and first pull-down switching elements are activated, the output node and the first protection node are pulled toward the second voltage, the second pull-down protection and second pull-down switching elements are deactivated, and the second protection node is connected to the first bias voltage.
Digital filter having improved attenuation characteristics
A digital filter having improved attenuation characteristics is disclosed. The disclosed performs upsampling of model filter response by applying a sampling kernel scaled by a sampling constant. The disclosed filter has good attenuation characteristics with small number of taps and pass bands of the digital filter can be changed with simple parameter variation.
Electromagnetic interference suppression
An inductive power transmitter for transmitting electrical power to a device by electromagnetic induction, the transmitter being configured to receive power conductively by way of a current via an electrical conduit from an external power source, the transmitter including a field generator configured to generate a fluctuating electromagnetic field having a fundamental frequency; and at least one impedance element connected along an electrical path of the transmitter configured to carry said current, the impedance element or a combination of the impedance elements having a high enough impedance at the fundamental frequency such that, in use, electromagnetic noise experienced at the power source is substantially suppressed, such noise arising from coupling between the electromagnetic field and a circuit having said path and linking the power source to the transmitter.
Audio limiter system and method
A system and method for limiting amplitude of a signal, such as limiting the loudness of an audio signal. Embodiments of the present invention allow for the most aggressive limiting by using an advanced psychoacoustic model to intelligently determine the amount of limiting that can be done to the incoming signal before producing distortion that is detectable to the human ear.
Apparatus and method for amplifying a transmit signal or for determining values of a delay control parameter
An apparatus for amplifying a transmit signal comprises a transmit path comprising a power amplifier module to be coupled to an antenna module. The power amplifier module is configured to amplify a transmit signal. Further, the apparatus comprises an envelope tracking path comprising a variable delay module and a power supply module. The variable delay module is configured to vary a signal delay within the envelope tracking path according to a delay control parameter. Further, the apparatus comprises a delay control module configured to provide the delay control parameter based on a current characteristic transmit frequency of the transmit signal.
Gain control for an electro-acoustic device with a facial movement detector
Methods, systems and devices are provided for controlling a wearable device. Embodiments include receiving a facial movement indication from a facial movement detector measured contemporaneously with an input audio signal. Additionally, whether a first movement pattern associated with the wearer speaking is a movement match to the facial movement indication may be determined. In this way, a speaking gain profile may be applied to the input audio signal for generating an augmented audio segment in response to determining the first movement pattern is the movement match to the facial movement indication. Thus, the augmented audio segment may be output.
System and methods for applying bass compensation
Systems and methods for providing bass compensation to correct for uneven bass response are disclosed. An example bass compensation system includes a low pass filter configured to receive an audio signal from an audio source and provide a filtered audio signal, the low pass filter having a roll off of at least 18 dB per octave. The bass compensation system further includes a summing amplifier coupled to the low pass filter and configured to sum the audio signal from said audio source and the filtered audio signal to provide a summed audio signal, wherein the summed audio signal provided by the summing amplifier provides a bass boost at a first frequency and mid bass cut at a second frequency greater than the first frequency.
Amplifier apparatus with controlled negative output impedance
An audio amplifier apparatus includes an audio amplifier which receives a single audio signal and produces a plus phase audio signal and a minus phase audio signal, both dependent upon the single audio signal. The plus phase audio signal and minus phase audio signal are received by first and second inputs of a speaker, respectively. A current sensing circuit senses a level of current received by the first or second inputs of the speaker and outputs a current sensing signal dependent upon the sensed level of current. An amplifying circuit receives and amplifies the current sensing signal. A mixer circuit receives the amplified current sensing signal and an audio drive signal and produces the single audio signal dependent upon the amplified current sensing signal and the audio drive signal. The single audio signal is produced at a node in-between two resistors.
System and method for power amplifier over-voltage protection
A system for power amplifier over-voltage protection includes a power amplifier configured to receive a system voltage, a bias circuit configured to provide a bias signal to the power amplifier, and a power amplifier over-voltage circuit configured to interrupt the bias signal when the system voltage exceeds a predetermined value, while the system voltage remains coupled to the power amplifier.
Method and system for aligning signals widely spaced in frequency for wideband digital predistortion in wireless communication systems
A system for time aligning widely frequency spaced signals includes a digital predistortion (DPD) processor and a power amplifier coupled to the DPD processor and operable to provide a transmit signal at a power amplifier output. The system also includes a feedback loop coupled to the power amplifier output. The feedback loop comprises an adaptive fractional delay filter, a delay estimator coupled to the adaptive fractional delay filter, and a DPD coefficient estimator coupled to the delay estimator.
Method and apparatus for partial envelope tracking in handheld and wireless computing devices
A partial envelope tracking (PET) circuit for improving the dynamic range and the efficiency of a power amplifier amplifying high bandwidth signals is provided. The PET circuit includes a main supply path having a main valve (MV) connecting the power amplifier to a first power source; a storage capacitor connecting a junction node and the power amplifier; a supplementary supply path including a DV and a TV, each of the DV and the tracking valve connecting, in parallel between a second power source and the junction node; a supplementary current path including a GV connecting the junction node and a ground; and a valves control unit (VCU) configured to monitor an envelope tracking parameter to determine an operation mode of the circuit and a state of each of the MV, the GV, the DV, and the TV during each respective mode of operation.
Micro-inverter quick mount and trunk cable
A photovoltaic system is disclosed having individual micro-inverters associated with each solar panel. The individual micro-inverters are easily installed without the aid of tools by snap locking a micro-inverter into place upon heat barriers mounted to and separated from the solar panels. When a micro-inverter is snapped into place it automatically electrically engages contacts from the solar panels mounted on the heat barriers. AC trunk cables pass through uni-strut channels along the backs of the solar panels. Flat jumper output cables from the micro-inverters fit adjacent the AC trunk cables within the uni-strut channels where a snap fit electrical connection is made, in a protected environment.
Photovoltaic installation with automatic disconnect device
A PV installation comprises a PV array, an electrical interface connecting a utility power source to an electrical load, and a DC to AC inverter. A first set of wiring electrically connects the PV array to the inverter through a disconnect device and a second set of wiring electrically connects the inverter to the electrical interface. A control mechanism connects the disconnect device to the electrical interface so that when power from the electrical interface is removed, the PV array is electrically disconnected from the inverter. The disconnect device may be a remote disconnect device located at a position at or near the PV array, such as in the space beneath a roof supporting the PV array. A method electrically disconnects a PV array from electrical wiring at a site.
Controlling an electrically-driven actuator
In some aspects, an actuation system includes an electrical positioning driver and an electrically-driven actuator. A voltage boost converter in the electrical positioning driver receives an input voltage. The voltage boost converter passes the input voltage to a voltage bus in the electrical positioning driver. The voltage on the voltage bus is converted to an actuator power signal that controls the electrically-driven actuator. The voltage boost converter boosts the voltage on the voltage bus to control a mechanical output performance of the electrically-driven actuator.
Control apparatus for AC rotating machine and electrically-assisted power steering apparatus provided with the control apparatus
A control apparatus for AC rotating machine includes: a voltage command calculation means for calculating voltage commands on two rotational axes; a first voltage application means for applying voltages to first windings of a multiple-winding AC rotating machine having at least the first windings and second windings based on the voltage commands on two rotational axes output by the voltage command calculation means; and a second voltage application means for applying voltages to the second windings based on the voltage commands on two rotational axes output by the voltage command calculation means, wherein the second voltage application means applies voltages to the second windings based on the deviations between the currents fed to the first windings and the currents fed to the second windings.
Image forming apparatus, control method for the same, and motor state detector
An image forming apparatus, a control method for the same, and a motor state detector are provided. An aspect is to detect out-of-step of a motor using only an electric circuit configuration without additional mechanical devices, such as an encoder, a light-emitting device, and a light-receiving device, and to predict and prevent out-of-step of the motor. To this end, the image forming apparatus includes a motor state detector that acquires a current detection signal by detecting phase current of a motor and that generates an output signal in which a duty ratio in a current chopping section of the current detection signal is involved, and a controller that judges a normal state, out-of-step entry, and an out-of-step state of the motor based on the output signal of the motor state detector.
Control circuit for speed and rotational direction of fan
The present invention provides a control circuit for speed and rotational direction of a fan, including a signal conversion unit, a processing unit, and a drive unit. The signal conversion unit converts the received input signal into a DC level signal. The processing unit determines to generate a plurality of control signals for the fan based on the received DC level signal and at least one preset voltage therein to drive the drive unit, further controlling the rotational speed or clockwise/counter-clockwise rotation of the fan, whereby to reduce the cost and increase the layout space.
Current control device of synchronous motor
A current control device of a synchronous motor comprises a provisional d-phase current command calculation unit; a voltage amplitude calculation unit calculating a magnitude of a voltage command vector in a previous sampling period; a voltage ratio calculation unit determining a voltage ratio between the magnitude of the voltage command vector and a maximum output voltage of an amplifier; a target d-phase current calculation unit obtaining a d-phase current command in the previous sampling period, and calculating a target d-phase current command from the voltage ratio and the d-phase current command; a correction value calculation unit determining a correction value by passing a difference between the provisional d-phase current command and the target d-phase current command through a low-pass filter; and an adder adding the correction value to the d-phase current command in the present sampling period to calculate a new d-phase current command.
Backflow preventing means, power converting device, and refrigerating and air-conditioning apparatus
For example, backflow preventing means is provided, which reduces a recovery electric current occurring in the event of backflow of an electric current so as to ensure high efficiency, high reliability, etc. The backflow preventing means includes a backflow preventing element, such as a rectifying element, which is connected between an alternating-current power supply and a load and prevents the electric current from flowing backward from the load toward the alternating-current power supply; and commutating means for performing a commutation operation for causing the electric current to flow toward a different path that is connected in parallel with the backflow preventing element, whereby a conduction loss and a loss caused by the electric current can be reduced.
Comparator for synchronous rectification and method of operation
A boost converter includes a comparator having first and second gain stages that operate in compare and auto-zero modes. The comparator measures voltage drop across a P-channel transistor to determine when current through an inductor reaches zero. When the inductor current reaches zero, the P-channel transistor becomes inactive to prevent a reduction in efficiency caused by allowing negative inductor current to draw current from a load. The comparator is then placed in a low power state. When the comparator is not in a compare mode, the comparator can operate in an auto-zero mode to cancel offset when measuring the input of the comparator.
A converter, for feeding a load via an inductor with a current having a controlled intensity between a maximum and a minimum level, includes a switch to permit or prevent, respectively, current towards said inductor, a first current sensor sensitive to the current flowing through switch when the switch is on, a second current sensor sensitive to the current flowing through said inductor when the switch is off, drive circuitry to turn the switch off and on upon receiving a first and a second logic signal, respectively, and comparison circuitry coupled to the first and the second current sensors to generate first and the second logic signals when, respectively: the current intensity detected by the first current sensor is offset a given amount with respect to the maximum level, and the current intensity detected by the second current sensor is offset a given amount with respect to the minimum level.
Charge pump utilizing external clock signal
A method of generating a pumping voltage in an integrated circuit includes receiving an external clock signal from outside of the integrated circuit. The frequency of the received external clock signal is changed according to one or more modulation ratios, resulting in one or more respective modulated external clock signal. The external clock signal or one of the modulated external clock signals is then selected for use as a pump clock signal. The pump clock signal is used for driving the pump capacitance of a pump circuit for generating the pumping voltage.
Method for controlling an H-bridge inverter
The invention relates to a H-bridge inverter and a method for controlling a H-bridge converter. The H-bridge inverter (1) comprises first and second DC terminals (Tdc1, Tdc2), first and second AC terminals (Tac1, Tac2), a first switch (S1), a second switch (S2), a third switch (S3) and a fourth switch (S4). The inverter further comprises a control circuit for controlling the switching of the first, second, third and fourth switches (S11, S2, S3, S4). The control circuit is configured to control the switches (S1, S2, S3, S4) in continuous mode between the following states: a first state where the first switch (S1) is turned off, the second switch (S2) is performing PWM switching, the third switch (S3) is turned off and the fourth switch (S4) is turned on; a second state where the first switch (S1) is turned off, the second switch (S2) is performing PWM switching, the third switch (S3) is turned on and the fourth switch (S4) is turned off; a third state where the first switch (S1) is turned off, the second switch (S2) is turned on, the third switch (S3) is turned off and the fourth switch (54) is performing PWM switching; and a fourth state where the first switch (S1) is turned on, the second switch (S2) is turned off, the third switch (S3) is turned off and the fourth switch (S4) is performing PWM switching.
Power conversion device control device
Aspects of the invention include a power conversion device control device, including multiple drive circuits having an alarm signal formation circuit that sets a pulse signal having as one cycle a period. The one cycle period includes a determination period, of which a different period is set for each of plural protection circuits that detect information for carrying out a protection operation of semiconductor elements configuring a power conversion device, and a constant period, in which a condition varies with respect to the determination period, takes a protection circuit for which it is first detected that a protection operation is necessary to be a first-come first-served protection circuit, and outputs the pulse signal corresponding to the first-come first-served protection circuit as an alarm signal, wherein the alarm signal formation circuit is such that a resetting condition of the alarm signal is a condition that a protection operation stopped condition.
Semiconductor switch circuit
A semiconductor switch circuit includes a switch between an input node and an output node that connects nodes to each other according to a control signal and a level shifter outputting the control signal at a boosted level that is greater than a power supply voltage level. The semiconductor switch circuit also includes a booster circuit to output a boosted voltage at the boosted level higher than a power supply voltage level. A control circuit is configured to control the level shifter output of the control signal to the switch. A capacitance switching circuit is included to change the capacitance of a connection between the booster circuit and the level shifter. The capacitance switching circuit can vary capacitance according to the voltage level of the booster circuit output.
Sensing PM electrical machine position
An electrical machine includes a stator having a stator winding and a secondary transformer coil. A rotor is operatively connected to rotate relative to the stator, wherein the rotor includes a plurality of embedded permanent magnets. A primary transformer coil is wound on the rotor and is operatively connected to form a rotating transformer with the secondary transformer coil. An inverter/active rectifier component is operatively connected to the stator winding and the secondary transformer coil to control the stator winding based on a sense in the secondary transformer coil received from the primary transformer coil.
Dynamoelectric machine having air/liquid cooling
A dynamoelectric machine includes a stator having a laminated core and a winding system, which forms winding heads on end faces of the stator, and a rotor having a laminated core and connected to a shaft in a rotationally fixed manner. The stator and the rotor are arranged in a housing, and the shaft is supported by bearings arranged in bearing shields. The laminated core of the stator and/or rotor has axially extending cooling channels. The bearing shields form with the housing a closed interior having at least one closed inner cooling circuit. The housing has an outer jacket and an inner jacket facing the stator and arranged at a distance from the outer jacket in some sections. The outer jacket and the inner jacket combined form a cooling jacket defined by an axial extension which equals at least the axial extension of the laminated core of the stator.
Magnetic bearing apparatus and method for varying shaft thrust load support in induction motors and other rotating machinery
A permanent magnet bearing supports part of thrust loads of a vertical shaft induction motor, or the thrust loads of other types of rotation machinery regardless of shaft rotational axis orientation, in parallel with a lubricated mechanical bearing. The permanent magnet has a stationary magnet portion coupled to a bearing bracket and a rotating portion adapted for coupling to a rotor shaft. The permanent magnet bearing exerts a directional magnetic force that generates a preload support force on the rotor shaft that is selectively varied by varying air gap between the stationary and rotating magnet portions. Air gap between the magnet portions is varied with an air gap adjustment mechanism. The gap adjustment mechanism may be coupled to a control system that in some embodiments causes the permanent magnet bearing to vary the air gap based on external load applied on the motor.
Integrated gas turbine engine accessories
An permanent magnet alternator stator assembly for an integrated air turbine starter and permanent magnet alternator assembly has a permanent magnet alternator stator winding assembly attached to a mounting structure. A quick electrical connector electrically connects to the stator winding assembly and is attached to the mounting structure. The mounting structure includes an alignment aperture for removably attaching the permanent magnet alternator winding assembly to an air turbine starter. An integrated air turbine starter and permanent magnet alternator assembly and accessory gearbox assembly are also described.
An alternator according to the present invention includes: a shaft; a rotor that is fixed to the shaft; a stator that has a stator core that is disposed so as to surround an outer circumference of the rotor and in which a plurality of slots that extend axially are formed so as to be spaced apart circumferentially; and a front bracket and a rear bracket that hold circumferential edge portions of the stator core from two axial ends using a plurality of holding means and that envelope the stator core, a pair of first stays that are formed on the front bracket being fixed to a vehicle by bolts that penetrate through a pair of penetrating apertures that are respectively formed on the first stays, and the pair of penetrating apertures are formed at positions such that an approximate perpendicular bisector of a straight line that connects centers of the penetrating apertures intersects an axis of the shaft; and one of the holding means is disposed on the perpendicular bisector near the shaft. This configuration can prevent generation of magnetic noise without increasing weight in the brackets, in other words, without increasing overall weight.
Electric power collection and distribution ring, electric motor and method of manufacturing electric motor
An electric power collection and distribution ring includes a plurality of annular bus rings for collecting and distributing power to windings of a stator, the windings being covered with an insulation cover and the stator being formed by winding the windings around a plurality of teeth arranged in a circular pattern. The bus ring is formed by annularly coupling a plurality of arc-shaped conductive members each including terminal portions at both circumferential end portions, the terminal portions being welded to each other together with an end portion of the winding. The terminal portion includes a first contact surface coming into contact with the end portion of the winding at the time of the welding and a second contact surface to be a contact point between the terminal portions.
Electric motor and method of producing an electric motor that is commutated electronically
An electric motor, in particular a motor which can be commutated electronically, is disclosed. The motor comprises a stator with a plurality of field windings which are wound at least in places from a winding wire, and further comprises a contact grid for making contact with the field windings, which contact grid has a plurality of conductor tracks which are insulated from one another, with the conductor tracks having contacts to which the winding wire is fixed, wherein the winding wire is cut through between specific contacts such that this results in the field windings being connected in a manner which is suitable for generating a rotating field when being powered by a suitable motor controller.
Electrical rotating machine
An electrical rotating machine includes: a rotating shaft; a rotor, equipped with permanent magnets, and formed to rotate with the rotating shaft, a stator disposed in opposition on an outside-diametral side and via a clearance with respect to the rotor; and anti-demagnetization conductors extending in the axial direction of the shaft, the conductors each being disposed inside the rotor, wherein: the anti-demagnetization conductors are provided in pairs of two for each of magnetic poles of the rotor; the two anti-demagnetization conductors forming a pair are electrically interconnected; and, inside the rotor, the two paired anti-demagnetization conductors are disposed at different-polarity sides of two corresponding permanent magnets in a circumferential direction of the rotor, the different-polarity sides each being more adjacent to the circumferential direction of the rotor than to an end portion of one of the two corresponding permanent magnets existing close to each other in one magnetic pole.
Method of manufacturing bonded-magnet rotor
A method of manufacturing a bonded-magnet rotor according to the invention includes forming step and arranging step. The forming step is by forming a bonded-magnet formed body. The arranging step includes: integrating an inside-diameter holding jig, a rotor core, and a rotor-core presser jig; arranging the bonded-magnet formed bodies on the outside periphery of the inside-diameter holding jig; and arranging an outside-diameter-holding magnet-pressure-welding jig to support outside peripheral faces of the bonded-magnet formed bodies. The method further includes steps of: deforming the bonded-magnet formed bodies to fit with the outside peripheral dimension of the rotor core by pressing and transferring the bonded-magnet formed bodies to the rotor core with a forming jig; mutually joining end portions of adjacent ones of the bonded-magnet formed bodies; and integrating the bonded-magnet formed bodies with the rotor core by compressing the bonded-magnet formed bodies. This configuration allows the bonded-magnet rotor with high dimension accuracy.
Rotating electric motor and internal combustion engine supercharger
Teeth-shaped portions 11b of a magnet 11 are formed in such a way that a part of the plane of projection of each of the teeth-shaped portions protrudes in a circumferential direction with respect to that of one of teeth 8b and 9b which is viewed from an axial direction of a first stator core 8 and a second stator core 9.
Method of constructing core with tapered pole pieces and low-loss electrical rotating machine with said core
An electrical rotating machine having a stator or a rotor with a core that includes a plurality of tapered pole pieces is a low loss electrical machine that results in improvements such as higher output power, higher torque and higher efficiency than a machine that does not have tapered pole pieces. The stator or the rotor with tapered pole pieces may be applied to a power train in automobiles, power tools, and various appliances. The core is constructed by winding an iron-based amorphous magnetic alloy ribbon to form a cylinder-shaped core, then heating, impregnating with resin, and machining by cutting the cylinder-shaped core to form a plurality of tapered pole pieces being separated in an alternating manner by a plurality of slots. The cores having an outside diameter of 50 mm-1200 mm, a tapered angle of 10°-45°, and a slot depth of 10 mm-210 mm are advantageous.
Coil unit, contactless power transfer apparatus, vehicle, and contactless power feeding system
A coil unit includes a second self-resonant coil electromagnetically resonating with a spaced, first self-resonant coil to perform at least one of transmitting power to the first self-resonant coil and receiving power from the first self-resonant coil, the second self-resonant coil including a first coil and a plurality of second coils provided inside the first coil, the direction of a magnetic field formed by the first coil is the same as those formed by the second coils.
Method, system and computer-readable recording medium for transferring wireless power by using antennas with high orders of spherical modes
The present invention relates to a system for transferring wireless power or signal. The system includes a first antenna; and a second antenna which is located from the first antenna at an arbitrary distance and arranged in an arbitrary direction in comparison with the first antenna, wherein respective spherical modes of the first antenna and the second antenna are allowed to have orders which are same as or larger than a predetermined value to thereby transfer wireless power between the first antenna and the second antenna.
AC power control for a power supply system during AC line disturbance
System for providing AC power control is disclosed. The system includes a primary power source (e.g., AC power source or backup generator power source), a backup power source (e.g., battery in power supply unit), and a control component. The control component powers the load with the primary power source when output voltage of the primary power source is above a predetermined threshold. The control component is configured to power the load concurrently with both the primary power and the backup power if the output voltage of the primary power source falls below a predetermined threshold. The control component is also configured to disable the primary power source and power the load with only the backup power source, upon detection of a fault condition at the primary power source. Upon resolution of the fault condition, the primary power is ramped up and the backup power is simultaneous ramped down.
Control unit for operating a safety system for a vehicle and method for operating such a safety system for a vehicle
In a control device and a method for operating a safety system for a vehicle, a step-up converter is fashioned as a switching converter which converts an input voltage derived from a vehicle battery voltage into a higher charge voltage at its output. In addition, at least one energy reserve storage device is provided that is charged by the charge voltage for the operation of the safety system in an autarkic mode. Between the step-up converter and the at least one energy reserve storage device there is connected a charge current source that is programmable during operation and that defines a charge current for the at least one energy reserve storage device as a function of its programming.
Charging efficiency using variable isolation
A method for charging an energy storage system (ESS) from an AC line voltage having differing input voltages (e.g., 120 Vac or 240 Vac), the method includes a) determining which of the AC line voltages is provided for charging the ESS as a charging AC voltage; b) boosting the charging AC voltage to an intermediate voltage responsive to the provided AC line voltage; c) scaling, responsive to the particular one of the AC line voltages, the intermediate voltage to a secondary voltage using a scaling factor; and d) converting the secondary voltage to a charging voltage applied to the ESS.
Implantable medical device charging apparatus having both parallel and series resonators
An implantable medical device charging apparatus includes a charging circuit. The charging circuit includes a series resonator responsive to a signal applied to the charging circuit. During operation, the series resonator inductively couples to a secondary coil within an implantable medical device to transfer energy to the secondary coil. The charging circuit also includes a parallel resonator coupled to the series resonator. The parallel resonator filters a first component of the signal from propagating to the series resonator.
Electronic device with automatic positioning function
The present invention provides an electronic device with automatic positioning function, which includes a device body and a magnetic unit. The device body contains therein a wireless transmission module. The wireless transmission module includes a transmission coil. The device body has one side in which a receiving section is formed. The transmission coil is received in the receiving section. The transmission coil has an outer circumference that is spaced from an inner circumference of the receiving section by a movement distance. The magnetic unit is set at the center of the transmission coil.
Apparatus and method of charging rechargeable battery
The apparatus of charging a rechargeable battery includes a voltage detector which detects a voltage value between terminals of a rechargeable battery, a current generator which generates current for charging the rechargeable battery and outputs the generated current to the terminals of the rechargeable battery, and a controller which controls the current generator based on the voltage value detected by the voltage detector. The current generator outputs a first current for which a direction thereof between the terminals of the rechargeable battery is constant, in a charging period of the rechargeable battery, wherein the first current comprises direct current, and a second current for which a direction thereof between the terminals of the rechargeable battery is periodically reversed, in an intermittent period of the rechargeable battery.
Multi-functional electrode devices for fast-charging of energy-storage devices and methods therein
The present invention discloses multi-functional electrode (MFE) devices for fast-charging of energy-storage devices. MFE devices include: a multi-functional electrode (MFE) device for fast-charging of energy-storage devices, the device including: a first MFE structure for forming a suitable electrochemical half-couple, the first MFE structure having a first fast-charging component (FCC) and a first MFE assembly; a counter-electrode structure for forming a complementary electrochemical half-couple to the first MFE structure; and an internal voltage controller (IVC) for applying a bias potential to the first MFE structure and/or the counter-electrode structure, whereby the bias potential is set in accordance with the chemical nature of the first MFE structure and the counter-electrode structure. Preferably, the IVC is configured to regulate an intra-electrode potential gradient between the first FCC and the first MFE assembly, thereby controlling a charge rate from the first FCC to the first MFE assembly.
Method and device for controlling charge of battery
A method for controlling charge of a battery includes: when charging a battery, monitoring a temperature of the battery in real time, and acquiring a corresponding dynamic factor according to the temperature of the battery, wherein the dynamic factor is used for characterizing a dynamically regulating component of a charge current coefficient during the charge process; calculating a maximum allowed charge current according to the dynamic factor and preset static factors; and controlling the charge of the battery according to the maximum allowed charge current. This enables adaptive charge management according to application scenarios, which effectively avoids the situation where the charge current of the battery is too high or too low, improves the environmental adaptability of battery charging, and further extends the service life of the battery and saves costs. Also provided is a method for controlling charge of a battery.
Use pairs of transformers to increase transmission line voltage
A smart link in a power delivery system includes an insulator, which electrically isolates a power line, and a switchable conductance placed in parallel with the insulator. The switchable conductance includes switchgear for sourcing, sinking, and/or dispatching real and/or reactive power on the power line to dynamically in response to dynamic loading, transient voltages and/or currents, and phase conditions or other conditions on the power line.
Protection element, semiconductor device, and electronic system
A protection element includes a first wiring line configured to be supplied with a signal voltage when electric current is on; a second wiring line configured to be supplied with a criterion voltage; a detection circuit connected between the first wiring line and the second wiring line, and configured to detect the signal voltage inputted onto the first wiring line; an inverter circuit including a plurality of inverters connected between the first wiring line and the second wiring line, and configured to be supplied with a reference voltage having a same level as that of the signal voltage between an odd-numbered inverter and an even-numbered inverter when electric current is on; and a protection transistor connected between the first wiring line and the second wiring line, and having a gate configured to receive output of the inverter circuit.
In various embodiments, apparatuses and methods are disclosed that may be able to implement a multi-layer, three dimensional routing between a decoupling component and an input port for a SoC or MCM. A three dimensional (3D) structure may provide a defined current return path from the decoupling component to the input port. The current return path may be constrained by design to provide an equal and opposite electromagnetic flux to the input port thereby reducing series inductance between the input port and the decoupling component.
System and method for fault protection
A protection system includes a control module, a switch, and an inductive device. The control module is used to provide control signals and switching signals based at least in part on a detected signal measured by a detecting device. The control signals include a first control signal corresponding to a normal mode and a second control signal corresponding to a fault mode. The switch is switched on and off according to the switching signals. The inductive device is coupled with the switch. The inductive device is controlled to be operated with a first inductance in response to the first control signal provided from the control module and a second inductance in response to the second control signal provided from the control module.
Vibration resistant cable
Vibration resistant cables containing a first conductor and a second conductor, each having a diameter d, are disclosed. The second conductor is twisted around the first conductor at a lay length between 3 feet and 6 feet to eliminate bagging of the vibration resistant cable during installation.
Conduit spacer assembly
A conduit spacer assembly for supporting and conveying an inner conduit into an outer conduit. The conduit spacer assembly has one or more conveyance assemblies moveable along a track coupled to the outer conduit. One or more conduit spacers are suspended from the conveyance assemblies, and support the inner conduit. The conveyance assemblies may be coupled together by a strap member. A force applied to one conveyance assembly is transferred to the other conveyance assemblies via the strap member. An installation assembly having a frame structure and a track support assist with the installation of the conduit spacer assembly and the inner conduit.
Multi-function wire stripping hand tool and kit and method for using same
A multi-function wire stripping hand tool generally for electricians that has a wire stripping system for a controlled cut and strip of the insulation from a wire. The tool includes an elongated body member having a longitudinal cavity and a transverse opening therein which communicates with the longitudinal cavity and one end of the body member. A stationary cutting blade is disposed in the inner end of the longitudinal cavity, and a movable cutting blade is movably mounted within an upper end of the longitudinal cavity. A spring is disposed between and engaged with a push button actuator so as to urge the movable blade to an open and retracted position. The wire stripping system is engaged with a handle region of the hand tool, and permits stripping in a direction that is perpendicular a longitudinal axis of the multi-function hand tool. The wire stripping system may be used from either side of the hand tool, and may be provided with a plurality of first and second operably engaged housings for securing a number of tool bit members.
Laser source assembly with thermal control and mechanically stable mounting
A laser source (340) comprises a first frame (356), a laser (358), and a first mounting assembly (360). The laser (358) generates an output beam (354) that is directed along a beam axis (354A). The first mounting assembly (360) allows the laser (358) to expand and contract relative to the first frame (356) along a first axis and along a second axis that is orthogonal to the beam axis, while maintaining alignment of the output beam (354) so the beam axis (354A) is substantially coaxial with the first axis. The first mounting assembly (360) can include a first fastener assembly (366) that couples the laser (358) to the first frame (356), and a first alignment assembly (368) that maintains alignment of the laser (358) along a first alignment axis (370) that is substantially parallel to the first axis.
Walk-off compensator with tilt function
Techniques and structure are disclosed for implementing a spatial walk-off compensation mechanism having an integral tilt function. In some embodiments, the mechanism may comprise a tilt-ball mount having an integrated walk-off compensation medium. In some embodiments, the mechanism may be configured to receive an output beam from a non-linear converter (e.g., optical parametric oscillator or OPO) implementing a non-linear medium comprising a bi-refringent material (e.g., zinc germanium phosphide, or ZnGeP2; cadmium silicon phosphide, or CdSiP2). In some embodiments, the walk-off compensation medium may comprise the same material and/or have the same cut as the non-linear medium. In some embodiments, the mechanism may be manually and/or mechanically adjusted/repositioned to reduce beam walk-off and/or to more precisely direct the beam. In some embodiments, the mechanism may be implemented in mid-infrared (MIR) applications. Numerous configurations and variations will be apparent in light of this disclosure.
Multi-core amplification optical fiber and multi-core optical fiber amplifier
A multi-core amplification optical fiber includes a plurality of rare-earth-doped core portions and a cladding portion positioned at an outer periphery of the core portions and having refractive index lower than those of the core portions. When a doping concentration of the rare-earth of each of the core portions is 250 ppm to 2000 ppm, a relative refractive index difference of each of the core portions relative to the cladding portion is 0.5% to 2% at a wavelength of 1550 nm, and a core diameter of each of the core portions is 1 μm to 5 μm, a separation distance between each of the core portions and adjacent one of the core portions is set at equal to or larger than 30 μm and at equal to or smaller than 60 μm so that a light-crosstalk between the adjacent core portions is equal to or lower than −30 dB.
Spatially distributed laser resonator
A distributed resonator laser system using retro-reflecting elements, in which spatially separated retroreflecting elements define respectively a power transmitting and a power receiving unit. The retroreflectors have no point of inversion, so that an incident beam is reflected back along a path essentially coincident with that of the incident beam. This enables the distributed laser to operate with the beams in a co-linear mode, instead of the ring mode described in the prior art. This feature allows the simple inclusion of elements having optical power within the distributed cavity, enabling such functions as focusing/defocusing, increasing the field of view of the system, and changing the Rayleigh length of the beam. The optical system can advantageously be constructed as a pupil imaging system, with the advantage that optical components, such as the gain medium or a photo-voltaic converter, can be positioned at such a pupil without physical limitations.
Discharge-pumped gas laser device
A discharge-pumped gas laser device may include a laser chamber, a pair of discharge electrodes provided in the laser chamber, a fan with a magnetic bearing being provided in the laser chamber and configured to be capable of circulating a gas in the laser chamber, a housing configured to contain the laser chamber, and a magnetic bearing controller connected to the magnetic bearing electrically, being capable of controlling the magnetic bearing, and provided in the housing separately from the laser chamber.
Laser light source
The present invention relates to a laser light source capable of suppressing variation in propagation state of randomly-polarized laser light. In the laser light source, an isolator including a Faraday rotation crystal having a positive thermooptic constant, and a nonlinear optical crystal having a negative thermooptic constant are arranged in order along a traveling direction of laser light. The nonlinear optical crystal is arranged in a state off normal incidence of incident light so that a propagation axis of light propagating in the crystal is parallel to an optic axis of the crystal.
Apparatus and methods for controlling carrier envelope phase of low repetition rate pulses
The carrier-envelope phase (CEP) of a laser pulse has been shown to influence many physical processes such as pulse propagation through polar molecules, cross-phase modulation, ponderomotive surface-plasmon electron acceleration, photoemission from metallic surfaces, terahertz emission from the laser breakdown of air, above-threshold ionization, high harmonic generation, and attosecond pulse generation. Current technology does not allow for the CEP stabilization of chirped pulse amplification (CPA) systems operating at a repetition rate much lower than a kHz. The inventors disclose apparatus and methods that enable CEP control in CPA systems operating at arbitrarily-low repetition rates.
Wire separating method and system
A method of separating wires from a wire bundle includes positioning a cable with a wire bundle at a wire separating area, positioning a gas nozzle at the wire separating area, and directing gas flow at the wire bundle to separate the wires from the wire bundle. A wire separating system is used to separate wires and including a cable holder having a fixture holding a cable with a wire bundle extending into a wire separating area. The system includes a gas nozzle at the wire separating area that directs gas flow into the wire separating area at the wire bundle. The gas flow separates individual wires from the wire bundle. A wire gripper is provided at the wire separating area. The wire gripper grasps the separated wire from the wire bundle.
Contact impedance adjusting method, contact, and connector having the same
The invention provides a method of adjusting an impedance of a contact including a first portion and a second portion having a higher impedance than the first portion. In this method, the second portion of the contact is provided with an impedance adjusting portion having electrically conductivity to increase a dimension in a thickness direction of the second portion.
Connector having stiffener coated with insulative layer
An electrical connector (100) includes an insulative housing (1), a plurality of terminals (2) retained in the insulative housing (1), and a stiffener (3) affixed to the insulative housing (1). The insulative housing (1) includes a base portion (11) and a tongue portion (12) extending forwardly from the base portion (11). The tongue portion (12) defines a plurality of terminal-receiving slots (1221) and includes an upper surface (121), a bottom surface (122), a pair of side surfaces (123) and a fore-end surface (124). The stiffener (3) has a top plate (31) covering the upper surface (121) of the tongue portion (12) and an insulative layer (30) plating therein. The stiffener (3) defines an insulative region (313) against which a plurality of molds resisted in insert-molding the stiffener (3) with the insulative housing (1), said insulative region (313) coated with an insulative layer (30).
Connector and switch
A connector includes a terminal to be connected to a terminal of another connector, a fixed contact, a movable contact provided on one end of a movable plate, a card being in contact with the movable plate, a slide portion, a button that contacts with the card and is pushed down according to a movement of the slide portion, and a spring connected to the button and generates force in a direction of separating a contact between the fixed contact and the movable contact. One of the fixed contact and the movable contact is connected to the terminal. The button is pushed down and the card moves to move the movable plate to cause the movable contact to contact with the fixed contact when the slide portion moves in one direction, and the movable contact is separated from the fixed contact when the slide portion moves in another direction.
A connector including a body of insulating material and a fourth, a fifth, and a plurality of sixth signal terminals provided in the body. The fifth and sixth signal terminals are arranged in a line along a first direction in the body, at a height position that is different from that of the fourth signal terminal. At least two of the sixth signal terminals are adjacent to each other in the first direction. The fourth signal terminal is located between the two sixth signal terminals in the first direction. The sixth signal terminals is a low-frequency signal terminal configured to transmit a signal of a frequency being about one tenth or lower of a frequency of a signal transmitted by the fourth signal terminal.
Modular field device connection unit
An exemplary field device connection unit includes a base plate on which a plurality of connection elements for connection of connecting lines with field devices and a plurality of module slots for receiving in each case one plug-in unit of different plug-in unit types. To avoid erroneous configurations, an identical type coding is assigned to the plug-in units of the same plug-in unit type, which identical type coding is formed by a plurality of wedge-shaped code elements which are anchored rigidly in the plug-in unit, and a plurality of wedge-shaped code elements are assigned to each module slot, which wedge-shaped code elements are mounted moveably about a rotary spindle between two opposite stops and whose wedge tips are oriented, in an initial rest position, centrally between the stops.
Portable user device with a clip having electrical terminals
Systems and methods are provided for docking a portable user device to a docking device or adapter via a clip mechanism. A portable user device may include two clip members which rotate relative to one another about an axis. A coupling pivot may be coupled to both clip members to facilitate relative rotation, and may provide a clamping force between the clip members. One or more terminals may be located on at least one of the clip members, allowing data transfer, charging, or other functions when the portable user device is docked using the clip mechanism.
Joint connector and joint terminal
A joint connector includes a housing that includes terminal chambers. At least two neighboring joint terminals are housed in terminal chambers neighboring among the terminal chambers, respectively. Each of the neighboring joint terminals includes a wire-crimping portion, a terminal body housed in a terminal chamber among the plurality of terminal chambers, and a pair of first and second contact portions, respectively. The first contact portion of one of the neighboring joint terminals is electrically contacted with the second contact portion of another of the neighboring joint terminals. A pair of spring tabs is formed on both sidewalls of the terminal body and contacts with opposed inner surfaces of the terminal chamber, respectively, by an elastic restoration behavior. According to the joint connector, an increase of a contact resistance to be generated by vibrations and temperature variations can be sufficiently restricted.
A connector mateable with a mating connector having a locked portion. The connector comprises a lock member, a position detection mechanism, a lock maintenance member and a state detection mechanism. The lock member has a lock portion. The lock member is selectively positionable at a lock position or an unlock position. When the lock member is positioned at the lock position, the lock portion locks the locked portion to lock the mating of the connector with the mating connector. When the lock member is positioned at the unlock position, the connector is removable from the mating connector. The position detection mechanism detects whether the lock member is positioned at the lock position or the unlock position. The lock maintenance member is selectively takable a maintenance state or a permission state. The state detection mechanism detects whether the lock maintenance member is under the maintenance state or the permission state.
Handle assembly for an electrical connector plug assembly
A handle assembly that can be coupled to an electrical connector plug assembly. In an aspect of the disclosure, the disclosure is directed to a handle assembly for a connector plug. The plug comprises an arm member and a gripping assembly. The arm member defines a plug engagement structure toward the first end and a gripper engagement structure toward the second end. The plug engagement structure is structurally configured to couple to an electrical connector plug assembly. The gripping assembly includes an outer surface and defining an enclosure structurally configured to facilitate the passing of at least one conductor extending from a connector plug. The second end of the arm member extends into the enclosure of the gripping assembly. The gripper engagement structure engages an inner surface of the gripping assembly. The handle assembly can be used in combination with an electrical connector plug assembly.
Environmentally sealed contact
An electrical contact includes a contact body having a mating portion and a barrel portion configured for receiving an electrical conductor. The barrel portion includes a wall defining a bore having a closed end and open end, and the bore includes a core receiver portion for receiving the core of an electrical conductor and a plug receiver portion adjacent the closed end of the bore. A hole is formed in the barrel portion proximate the closed end of the bore and extending into the plug receiver portion of the bore through the wall. A plug has a body portion configured to be inserted into the bore and to engage the plug receiver portion of the bore. The plug is disposed in the end of the plug receiver portion and is further configured to seal the plug receiving portion of the bore and the hole from the rest of the bore.
A socket housing comprises an inner part and an outer part, the inner part being formed to receive at least one electrically conductive contact element, and a wall of the outer part defining a cavity. Therein, the inner part and the outer part are arranged adjoining one another. An external diameter of the inner part is equal to or less than an internal diameter of the outer part. The socket housing is formed in one piece, the inner part and the outer part being connected via a crosspiece formed as a predetermined breaking point.
An electrical connector includes a socket housing and socket terminals. Each socket terminal includes a front terminal and a rear terminal. The front terminal contacts a plug connector inserted into the socket housing. The front terminal includes front contact-point portion that contacts the plug connector and an elastic piece that supports the front contact-point portion so as to be elastically displaceable. The rear terminal includes a rear contact-point portion and an elastic piece that supports the rear contact-point portion so as to be elastically displaceable. The rear contact-point portion contacts the plug connector after the front contact-point portion has contacted the plug connector. The front contact-point portion and the elastic piece, and the rear contact-point portion and the elastic piece are each formed so as to maintain a plate surface of a flat metal plate.
Computer component connector
A computer component mounting assembly includes a carrier to support a hard drive and a data connector. The carrier is configured to slidably receive the hard drive along a first axis. The data connector includes a first connector configured to mate to pins of the hard drive, a second connector configured to mate to a SATA data connector, and a flexible cable connecting the two. The first connector includes an alignment feature to engage a corresponding alignment feature on the hard drive. The first connector is coupled to the carrier and slidable in a plane perpendicular to the first axis, and the first connector is configured such that when carrier receives the hard drive and the alignment feature engages the corresponding alignment feature the first connector moves in the plane perpendicular to the first axis to provide alignment of the first connector to the pins of the hard drive.
Clamping unit of an electrical connection terminal
A clamping unit of an electrical connection terminal includes a busbar, a clamping spring for clamping a conductor to the busbar, and a pin contact-making element for making contact with a pin contact. The pin contact-making element has a spring arm which is arranged substantially parallel to the busbar and which is connected to the bus bar with a connecting piece.
Surface mount keyhole connectors
An SMT electrical keyhole connector includes a flat mounting portion for surface mounting on a PCB and two spaced contact portions each provided with an aperture in a shape of a keyhole that defines a longitudinal insertion axis and includes an upstream open region dimensioned to receive with clearance an insulated conductor having a metallic conductor generally having a diameter d1 surrounded by an outer insulation coating generally defining a diameter d2 and a downstream elongated slot formed by parallel opposing edges spaced from each other a distance h less than d1. Cutting edges cut or strip insulation off an insulated conductor. A retainer prevents a stripped conductor from moving upstream back into the open region to insure positive contact with the conductive wire or wires after the conductor is urged downstream into and is fully seated within the elongated slot.
Electrical connectors including a cable clamp (e.g., having a first clamp portion, a second clamp portion, and a hinge coupled to the first and second clamp portions such that the first and second clamp portions are movable relative to each other between an open position and a closed position in which the first and second clamp portions define a cable passageway), and a piercing conductor configured to place a fixture wire into electrical communication with an electrical cable disposed within the cable passageway. In at least some of these electrical connectors, a longitudinal axis of the cable passageway is substantially aligned with a longitudinal axis of the cable clamp when the first and second clamp portions are in the closed position. In at least some of these electrical connectors, at least one of the clamp portions comprises a flexible sidewall that at least partially defines the cable passageway.
Connection element for an electrical conductor
A connection element for an electrical conductor contains a first section to be connected to another component, and a second section having a front surface to be welded to an electrical conductor. The front surface has a three-dimensional form raised in a central region in relation to an edge region surrounding the central region. The connection element is hollow in the region of the front surface.
Wide-band active antenna system for HF/VHF radio reception
An active antenna system for receiving electromagnetic radiation at frequencies below 100 MHz. The system includes a vertical support mast; a front end electronics unit including an active balun, the front end electronics unit affixed to the support mast; two crossed-dipole antennas affixed oriented at about 90 degrees to each other, each crossed-dipole antenna having two arms formed of electrically conductive material, each arm having an isoceles triangular frame with an apex of the frame electrically connected to a feedpoint of the front end electronics unit, each arm also having a longitudinal member extending from the apex to the center of the base of the triangular shape and a cross member extending between sides of the triangular frame. The system can operate independently or as part of a long wavelength array for astronomical radio telescope applications.
Active electronically scanned array antenna for hemispherical scan coverage
An antenna architecture for hemispherically-scanning active electronically scanned arrays (AESA). The antenna architecture utilizes variable diameter disks of antenna elements configured in a conical implementation. The antenna elements are oriented such that the element boresight is normal to the surface of the conical structure. Beamforming takes place on each disk first, and them separately in combining the signals from each disk, thereby reducing complexity. The antenna optionally utilizes disks of antenna elements of the same diameter to form a cylindrical antenna, which when combined with a conical configuration create enhanced sectors while maintaining a hemispherical coverage capability. Further, use of two conical configurations can produce a fully spherical coverage capability.
Antenna assembly for long-range high-speed wireless communications
Various embodiments of antenna assemblies are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, the antenna assembly includes a reflector comprising a center opening, a feed-antenna subassembly situated in front of the reflector, a rear housing situated behind the reflector, and a pole-mounting bracket comprising a base plate situated between the reflector and the rear housing. The feed-antenna subassembly comprises a feed tube that houses at least one of: a transmitter circuit and a receiver circuit. The rear housing is coupled to a front side of the reflector via the center opening. The rear housing comprises a center cavity, and a back end of the feed tube is inserted in and coupled to the center cavity. The base plate is coupled to the reflector and the rear housing in such a way that decoupling between the base plate and the reflector requires a prior decoupling between the feed-antenna subassembly and the rear housing and a prior decoupling between the rear housing and the reflector.
Efficient active multi-drive radiator
An integrated Multi-Port Driven (MPD) antenna that can be driven at many points with different signals. An integrated MPD radiating source utilizing an 8-phase ring oscillator and eight power amplifiers to drive the MPD antenna at 161 GHz with a total radiated power of −2 dBm and a single element EIRP of 4.6 dBm has been demonstrated in silicon with single lobe well behaved radiation patterns closely matching simulation.
Antenna device, wireless communication device, and method of manufacturing antenna device
In an antenna device, first linear portions of a coil conductor are located on a lower surface of a first resin sheet. Second linear portions of the coil conductor are located on an upper surface of a second resin sheet. Via conductors of the coil conductor are formed in the first and second resin sheets and intermediate resin sheets located between the first and second resin sheets. The via conductors connect a first end and a second end of the first linear portions and a first end and a second end of the second linear portions, respectively. The first and second linear portions and the via conductors define the coil conductor. Each of the intermediate resin sheets includes an aperture in the center portion thereof. The lamination of the apertures defines a cavity in which a magnetic substance core is embedded. The coil conductor is wound around a periphery of the cavity.
Flex PCB folded antenna
Embodiments are directed to a flexible substrate, and an end-fire antenna array mounted on the flexible substrate, wherein the flexible substrate is configured to be oriented so that array gain is oriented in a direction perpendicular to a plane of the flexible substrate. Embodiments are directed to mounting an end-fire antenna array on a flexible substrate, and orienting the flexible substrate so that array gain is oriented in a direction perpendicular to a plane of the flexible substrate.
Tuning bandwidth and center frequencies in a bandpass filter
A method for independently tuning bandwidth and center frequencies in a bandpass filter. The filter can be configured with a plurality of resonators, wherein the resonators are coupled over a certain coupling region. Additionally, the filter can be configured with a plurality of tuning elements. For each of the inter-resonator couplings, at least one of the resonators associated with the inter-resonator coupling can have a first tuning element placed at a first location on the resonator and a second tuning element placed at a second location on the resonator. Simultaneously tuning the first and second tuning elements can adjust the center frequency, and offset tuning the first and second tuning elements can adjust the bandwidth frequency.
Wideband high frequency bandpass filter
A wideband high frequency bandpass filter is disclosed, which includes an open-circuit resonator structure and a short-circuit resonator structure. The open-circuit resonator has a signal transmission strip line and a T-shaped strip line. Both ends of the signal transmission strip line are bent toward to opposite ends of the T-shaped strip line respectively, so as to form gaps in the open-circuit resonator. The open-circuit resonator structure and the short-circuit resonator structure are coupled under the resonant mode, thereby achieving a bandpass filtering at 60 GHz.
Battery system with heat exchanger
A battery module includes a plurality of electrochemical cells arranged in a first row and a second row offset from the first row. The battery module also includes a heat exchanger configured to allow a fluid to flow through the heat exchanger. The heat exchanger is disposed between the first and second rows of cells and has a shape that is complementary to the cells in the first and second rows of cells so that an external surface of the heat exchanger contacts a portion of each of the plurality of electrochemical cells. The heat exchanger is configured to route the fluid between an inlet and an outlet such that a path of the fluid flow includes a plurality of adjacent fluid flow segments.
A vehicle having a battery mounted thereon is provided. The battery includes a cell group having a plurality of cells, each of the cells including an electrolytic solution and a power-generating element within a case of cylindrical shape, and a holding member holding each of the cells in a diameter direction of the cell, wherein the cell group is placed in an area inside an edge of the holding member when viewed from a height direction of the vehicle. Each of the cells can be arranged to extend in the height direction of the vehicle. The holding member may be a heat dissipation plate allowing heat exchange between the cells.
Technologies are generally described for a battery, a method for implementing a battery and a rechargeable battery system. In some examples, the rechargeable battery system includes a battery. The battery may include a first electrode including a tantalum component, a vanadium component and a boron component. The battery may further include a second electrode and an electrical insulator between the first and the second electrode. The battery system may include a housing, where the housing includes the first electrode, and where the housing is effective to communicate light and oxygen to the first electrode. A sensor may be disposed so as to be effective to detect a reaction of tantalum and oxygen in the housing and generate a reaction signal in response. A processor may be in electrical communication with the sensor and effective to receive the reaction signal and generate an indication based on the reaction signal.
A method of forming passages of an integral manifold adjacent a cell stack of a flowing electrolyte battery provides enhanced sealing between the manifold and capillary tubes of the cell stack. The method includes forming a mould cavity adjacent the cell stack, with the mould cavity open to capillary openings of cells of the cell stack. A plurality of pins are then located in the mould cavity, with end regions of the pins being contiguous with the capillary openings. The mould cavity is then filled with material and the material is allowed to solidify into a moulded section. The pins are then removed from the moulded section, thereby forming passages in the moulded section which are in fluid communication with the capillary openings.
Liquid electrolyte for lithium accumulator, containing a ternary mixture of non-aqueous organic solvents
Disclosed is a liquid electrolyte for a lithium accumulator and the use thereof in a lithium accumulator at low temperature. The liquid electrolyte includes at least one lithium salt dissolved in a mixture of non-aqueous organic solvents. The mixture of organic solvents is formed by propylene carbonate (PC), γ-butyrolactone (GBL) and ethyl methyl carbonate (EMC). The mixture of organic solvents preferably contains between: 0.5% and 33% in volume of propylene carbonate, 0.5% and 33% in volume of γ-butyrolactone and, 0.5% and 99% in volume of ethyl methyl carbonate, the sum of the respective volume percentages of propylene carbonate, γ-butyrolactone, and ethyl methyl carbonate in the mixture being equal to 100%.
Additive for electrochemical element to improve safety
Disclosed herein is an additive for improvement in safety of an electrochemical device, including an inner core and an outer coating layer, wherein the inner core is formed using a volume-expandable material fused at more than a predetermined temperature while the outer coating layer is formed using a conductive material with higher conductivity than that of the inner core and covers an outer face of the inner core. The disclosed additive rapidly increases resistance of the electrochemical device before ignition/explosion of the device caused by temperature rise, thereby effectively preventing ignition/explosion of the electrochemical device without deterioration in performance of the electrochemical device.
Stepwise electrode assembly having variously-shaped corner and secondary battery, battery pack and device comprising the same
There is provided an electrode assembly having steps including: a first electrode stair including at least one first electrode unit; and a second electrode stair including at least one second electrode unit having an area different from that of the first electrode unit, wherein the first electrode stair and the second electrode stair are stacked to be adjacent, separated by at least one separator as a boundary therebetween and including one or more electrode laminates having steps formed by a difference between areas of the first electrode stair and the second electrode stair, and shapes of the corners of the first electrode stair and the second electrode stair having steps are different. There is also provided a secondary battery including the electrode assembly. Secondary batteries having various designs without restriction in shapes of corners of electrode units can be provided.
A porosity X of a positive electrode mixture layer 223 of a secondary battery 100 is 30(%)≦X. A mass ratio α of a positive electrode active material 610 in the positive electrode mixture layer 223 is 0.84≦α≦0.925 and a mass ratio β of a conductive material 620 in the positive electrode mixture layer 223 is 0.06≦β≦0.12. In the secondary battery 100, an index Y worked out from an expression below is 30 (mL/100 g)≦Y≦89 (mL/100 g). The index Y is given by the expression below, Y=A×α+B×β; where A is a DBP absorption number (mL/100 g) in the positive electrode active material 610; α is the mass ratio of the positive electrode active material 610 in the positive electrode mixture layer 223; B is a DBP absorption number (mL/100 g) of the conductive material 620; and β is the mass ratio of the conductive material 620 in the positive electrode mixture layer 223.
Positive electrode active material
The present invention provides a positive electrode active material. The positive electrode active material is represented by the following formula (I) and has a BET specific surface area of larger than 5 m2/g and not larger than 15 m2/g: LixM1yM31-yO2 (I) wherein M1 is at least one transition metal element selected from Group 5 elements and Group 6 elements of the Periodic Table, M3 is at least one transition metal element other than M1 and selected from among transition metal elements excluding Fe, x is not less than 0.9 and not more than 1.3, and y is more than 0 and less than 1.
Method for producing electrode plate
A coating device is arranged to a strip-shaped base sheet with coating material by holding the coating material on the surface of a coating rod and bringing the base sheet into contact with the coating material held on the coating rod, while conveying the base sheet in the longitudinal direction. The coating rod has a water-repellent section, in which the entire circumferential surface of a part of the rod in the axial direction is coated with a water-repellent material that repels the coating material, and a non-water-repellent section that is not coated with the water-repellent material and arranged adjacent to the water-repellent section. Consequently, even if the base sheet is brought into contact with the coating rod, the base sheet can be adequately provided with an uncoated portion in a part in the width direction since the coating material is repelled in the water-repellent section.
Rechargeable battery having fuse unit
A rechargeable battery includes: an electrode assembly including first and second electrodes; a case containing the electrode assembly; a cap plate covering an opening of the case; a first terminal protruding outside of the case and electrically coupled to the first electrode; a second terminal protruding outside of the case and electrically coupled to the second electrode; a current collector including first and second fuse units, and electrically coupled to the first electrode, wherein the first fuse unit and the second fuse unit each have a cross-sectional area smaller than a cross-sectional area of an adjacent region and are spaced from each other; and a connector coupled to the current collector between the first fuse unit and the second fuse unit, and adapted to electrically couple the cap plate and the current collector, wherein a resistance of the connector is less than that of the first terminal.
Battery pack and handheld power tool having a battery pack
The invention relates to a battery pack comprising at least one battery cell and a housing for accommodating the at least one battery cell. It is proposed that the housing is designed as at least double-walled having at least one inner sheath and one outer sheath. According to the invention, an intermediate volume is enclosed between the at least one inner sheath and the outer sheath. The intermediate volume is able to absorb a pressure wave from an internal volume containing the battery cells.
Battery powered tool and battery pack for a battery powered tool
A battery pack for powering a battery powered tool may include a housing, a plurality of cells and an electrical connection assembly. The housing may include a sidewall assembly configured to correspond to respective sidewalls of a battery compartment defined at a portion of the battery powered tool to facilitate insertion of the battery pack into the battery compartment. The sidewall assembly may form an enclosure around the plurality of cells on all sides substantially parallel to the direction of insertion. The electrical connection assembly may be disposed at a portion of the sidewall assembly to communicate the combined output to a connector disposed at a corresponding sidewall of the battery compartment. The electrical connection assembly may be arranged to engage the connector responsive to movement of the battery pack in a direction substantially parallel to the direction of insertion of the battery pack into the battery compartment.
Electric power tool powered by battery pack and adapter therefor
An adapter for an electric power tool couples battery packs with the electric power tool. The adapter is provided with a voltage regulator circuit interposed between the battery packs and the electric power tool. The voltage regulator circuit regulates a supply voltage from the battery packs to the electric power tool to a level corresponding to a rated voltage of the electric power tool. The voltage regulator is capable of raising the supply voltage higher than nominal voltages of the battery packs.
Low magnetic interference battery
A low magnetic interference battery is provided, the battery insertable into a mobile communication device, the mobile communication device comprising a radio interconnected with a microphone and a receiver. The battery comprises a battery portion enabled to provide electrical power to the radio, the battery portion emitting a magnetic field when in operation. The battery further comprises a sealing portion for sealing the battery portion therein such that the battery portion is protected from moisture, the sealing portion comprising a magnetic shield portion arranged relative to the battery portion such that magnetic flux from the battery portion is routed away from the receiver when the battery is in operation in the mobile communication device.
Rechargeable battery and module thereof
The rechargeable battery includes an electrode assembly; a case, the case retaining the electrode assembly; a cap plate coupled to an opening of the case; and an electrode terminal coupled to the cap plate and electrically connected to the electrode assembly, wherein the electrode terminal includes a terminal fixing portion coupled to an upper surface of the cap plate, the terminal fixing portion including a guide portion, a terminal portion coupled to the terminal fixing portion, and the guide portion is configured to facilitate slidable movement of the terminal portion in a single direction.
Method for manufacturing display device
A method for manufacturing a display device includes: forming a deformed layer on a support substrate by a silane coupling agent; performing UV treatment on the deformed layer; forming a thin film substrate on the deformed layer; forming a pixel and an encapsulation member on the thin film substrate; and separating the support substrate from the thin film substrate.
Substrate for surface light emitting device and method of manufacturing the substrate, surface light emitting device, lighting apparatus, and backlight including the same
A substrate for a surface light emitting device in which a transparent electrode, an organic thin film layer, and a cathode electrode are sequentially stacked, the substrate including: a transparent support substrate; and a highly refractive layer that is disposed between the support substrate and the transparent electrode and comprises at least one layer having a refractive index that is equal to or greater than a refractive index of the support substrate, wherein the highly refractive layer comprises a light diffusion unit that diffuses light incident from the transparent electrode and a planarized surface that contacts the transparent electrode. Accordingly, a Haze value of the highly refractive layer is set to be 5% or less, and a diameter of bubbles existing in the highly refractive layer is set to be 1/10th or less of a thickness of the highly refractive layer.
Organic light emitting display apparatus and method of manufacturing the same
An organic light emitting display apparatus including a thin film encapsulation layer of an improved structure. The organic light emitting display apparatus includes: a display unit formed on a substrate; metal wires formed on an outer portion of the display unit on the substrate; and a thin film encapsulation layer formed by alternately stacking at least one organic layer and at least one inorganic layer on the display unit for sealing the display unit, wherein the at least one organic layer is separated from the metal wires so as not to contact the metal wires. According to the above structure, since the organic layer that is close to the display unit is separated completely from the metal wires formed on an outer portion of the display unit, moisture infiltration to the display unit via the metal wires may be prevented.
Provided is a light-emitting device with a high aperture ratio. The light-emitting device includes a first substrate; a first insulating film over the first substrate; a first partition over the first insulating film; a second insulating film which covers the first insulating film and the first partition and which has a concave surface; a first electrode which is over the second insulating film and which has an edge portion at a position overlapping with the first partition; a second partition which is over the first partition and which overlaps with the edge portion of the first electrode; a layer containing a light-emitting organic compound over the first electrode and the second partition; a second electrode over the layer containing a light-emitting organic compound; and a second substrate which is over the second electrode and which overlaps with the first substrate.
Display device and manufacturing method of the same
A display device, including: a substrate; a display panel formed on the substrate; a resin layer positioned on the display panel; a polarizer positioned on the resin layer; a window positioned on the polarizer; a first adhesive layer interposed between the window and the polarizer; a printing layer positioned either between the first adhesive layer and the polarizer or between the polarizer and the resin layer; and a supporter surrounding the display panel and the resin layer and supporting the window, in which the printing layer is positioned to correspond to an edge region of the window.
Organic electroluminescence device and display unit
An organic electroluminescence device having high light emitting efficiency and improved reliability is provided. The organic electroluminescence device includes: an anode containing at least aluminum (Al); a cathode; and an organic layer between the anode and the cathode, the organic layer including a light emitting layer. The organic layer has a hole injection layer composed of a sulfonic acid derivative between the anode and the light emitting layer.
Organic light-emitting diode and flat display device including the same
An organic light-emitting diode including a first electrode; a second electrode facing the first electrode; an emission layer interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode; a first hole transport layer including a first hole transporting compound; a second hole transport layer including a second hole transporting compound, the first and second hole transport layers being interposed between the first electrode and the emission layer; an electron transport layer interposed between the emission layer and the second electrode; a first mixing layer interposed between the first electrode and the first hole transport layer, contacting the first hole transport layer, and including the first hole transporting compound and a first cyano group-containing compound; and a second mixing layer interposed between the first electrode and the second hole transport layer, contacting the second hole transport layer, and including the second hole transporting compound and a second cyano group-containing compound.
Light-emitting element, light-emitting device, and electronic appliance
An object of the present invention is to provide a light-emitting element with high luminous efficiency, and a light-emitting element of low-voltage driving. Another object is to provide a light-emitting device with low power consumption by using the light-emitting element. Another object is to provide an electronic appliance with low power consumption by using the light-emitting device in a display portion. A light-emitting element includes, between a pair of electrodes, a layer containing a composite material of a first organic compound and an inorganic compound and a layer containing a second organic compound being in contact with the layer containing the composite material, wherein the second organic compound does not have a peak of an absorption spectrum in a wavelength region of 450 to 800 nm if the second organic compound is compounded with the inorganic compound.
Method for measuring offset of sub-pixel in OLED manufacturing process
The present disclosure provides a method for measuring an offset of a sub-pixel in an OLED manufacturing process, including: depositing OLED material onto a display unit in a substrate through a hollow portion of a mask, the display unit including an effective region and a peripheral measuring region at periphery of the effective region, the OLED material forming a plurality of effective sub-pixels within the effective region and forming a plurality of dummy sub-pixels within the peripheral measuring region; and using UV light to excite at least a portion of the dummy sub-pixels of the OLED material to emit light, and measuring the offset of the dummy sub-pixel with respect to a predetermined position of a corresponding light emitting unit located on the substrate.
Purifying method for organic optoelectronic material
The present invention discloses a novel purifying method for the organic optoelectronic material. More specifically the present invention relates to a purifying method for organic electroluminescent (herein referred to as organic EL) material, organic photovoltaics (herein referred to as OPV) material and organic thin-film transistor (herein referred to as OTFT) material. The organic optoelectronic device use the organic optoelectronic material can lower driving voltage, prolong half-lifetime and improve performance.
Method and apparatus for manufacturing organic el device
Provided are a method and an apparatus for manufacturing an organic EL device, which makes it possible to manufacture organic EL devices capable of suppressing quality degradation. The method for manufacturing an organic EL device, in which constituent layers of an organic EL element are formed by deposition over a substrate in the form of a strip, while the substrate is being moved in the longitudinal direction, includes a constituent layer-forming step of performing deposition over one surface of the substrate, while the substrate is being moved in the longitudinal direction, sequentially in first and second deposition units arranged along the moving direction of the substrate by discharging a vaporized material from an evaporation source. The constituent layer-forming step includes a plurality of upward deposition steps and a direction changing step.
A resistive-switching memory (ReRAM cell) has a current-limiting electrode layer that combines the functions of an embedded resistor, an outer electrode, and an intermediate electrode, reducing the thickness of the ReRAM stack and simplifying the fabrication process. The materials include compound nitrides of a transition metal and one of aluminum, boron, or silicon. In experiments with tantalum silicon nitride, peak yield in the desired resistivity range corresponded to ˜24 at % silicon and ˜32 at % nitrogen, believed to optimize the trade-off between inhibiting TaSi2 formation and minimizing nitrogen diffusion. A binary metal nitride may be formed at one or more of the interfaces between the current-limiting electrode and neighboring layers such as metal-oxide switching layers.
Magnetic tunnel junction for MRAM applications
A MTJ in an MRAM array is disclosed with a composite free layer having a lower crystalline layer contacting a tunnel barrier and an upper amorphous NiFeX layer for improved bit switching performance. The crystalline layer is Fe, Ni, or FeB with a thickness of at least 6 Angstroms which affords a high magnetoresistive ratio. The X element in the NiFeX layer is Mg, Hf, Zr, Nb, or Ta with a content of 5 to 30 atomic %. NiFeX thickness is preferably between 20 to 40 Angstroms to substantially reduce bit line switching current and number of shorted bits. In an alternative embodiment, the crystalline layer may be a Fe/NiFe bilayer. Optionally, the amorphous layer may have a NiFeM1/NiFeM2 configuration where M1 and M2 are Mg, Hf, Zr, Nb, or Ta, and M1 is unequal to M2. Annealing at 300° C. to 360° C. provides a high magnetoresistive ratio of about 150%.
Piezoelectric element and method to remove extraneous vibration modes
A piezoelectric element and a manufacturing method to reduce extraneous radial vibration modes is disclosed, in an example embodiment, four slots, arranged at 90 degrees, are made in one surface such that the slots do not reach the opposite surface.
Light emitting diode package
A light emitting diode (LED) package includes an LED chip, a first lead frame and a second lead frame electrically connected to the LED chip and separated by a space, and a housing disposed on the first lead frame and the second lead frame. The housing includes an external housing surrounding a cavity, the cavity exposing a first portion of the first lead frame and a first portion of the second lead frame, and an internal housing disposed in the space, the internal housing covering a top portion of the first lead frame and a top portion of the second lead frame.
Wafer level photonic device die structure and method of making the same
A structure includes a carrier substrate with a first side and a second side opposite the first side. The carrier substrate has a first contact pad and a second contact pad disposed over the first side and a third contact pad and a fourth contact pad disposed over the second side. The carrier substrate further includes a substrate and an insulation film disposed between the substrate and the first, second, third, and fourth contact pads. The structure further includes a first epi-structure and a second epi-structure disposed over the carrier substrate. The structure further includes a first metal element and a second metal element. Moreover, the structure further includes a first through-via and a second through-via. The first through-via and the second through-via extend through the first and second epi-structures respectively.
Optical semiconductor device and manufacturing method therefor
A manufacturing method for an optical semiconductor device, including disposing a semiconductor element that has a polarization dependent gain or polarization dependent loss between optical waveguide modes differing in the direction of polarization, positioning a lens at one end face side of the semiconductor element based on an optical coupling loss between the lens and the semiconductor element, and repositioning the lens based on the polarization dependent gain or the polarization dependent loss of the semiconductor element.
Light emitting element, light emitting device and electronic apparatus
The light emitting element of the embodiment includes an anode; a cathode; a visible light emitting layer provided between the anode and the cathode and emitting visible light; and a carrier trapping layer containing a thiadiazole based compound represented by the following formula (1). [In formula (1), A indicates a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an aryl group which may have a substituent, an arylamino group, or a triaryl amine, and B indicates a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an aryl group which may have a substituent, an arylamino group, or a triaryl amine, or may form a ring.]
White light emitting diode and backlight module
A white light emitting diode and a backlight module are provided. The light emitting diode comprises a blue chip and an encapsulating layer having yttrium aluminum garnet phosphor powder mixed therein, wherein the dominant wavelength in a frequency spectrum of blue light emitted from the blue chip is between 448 and 462.5 nm, the peak wavelength of yellow light emitted from the yttrium aluminum garnet phosphor powder is between 550 and 575 nm, and the doped concentration of the yttrium aluminum garnet phosphor powder is 0.01% to 0.1% by weight of the encapsulating layer. Due to the red shift of the peak wavelength of the blue light emitted from the blue chip, the brightness of the white LED is enhanced (>10%).
Light-emitting device and lighting system
Disclosed is a light-emitting device including a support member, a reflective layer on the support member, a light-transmitting electrode layer on the reflective layer, a light-emitting structure on the light-transmitting electrode layer, the light-emitting structure being provided with a first conductive semiconductor layer, an active layer and a second conductive semiconductor layer, and a luminescence layer interposed between the reflective layer and the light-transmitting electrode layer. Accordingly, the luminescence layer is formed in the chip formation process to minimize non-uniform application of a phosphor composed of an epoxy resin and simplify fabrication of the light-emitting device.
Semiconductor light-emitting device and manufacturing method
A semiconductor light-emitting device and a method for manufacturing the same can include a wavelength converting layer located on at least one semiconductor light-emitting chip in order to emit various colored lights including white light. The semiconductor light-emitting device can include a casing having a cavity and a mounting surface, the chip mounted on the mounting surface, a transparent plate mounted on the wavelength converting layer within a top surface of the chip and a reflective layer located in the cavity so as to surround the transparent plate, the wavelength converting layer and the chip. The semiconductor light-emitting device can be configured to improve light-colored variability and light-emitting efficiency of the chip by using the reflective layer as a reflector, and therefore can emit a wavelength-converted light having a substantially uniform color tone and a high light-emitting efficiency from a smaller light-emitting surface than the top surface of the chip.
Method for forming a buried metal layer structure
The invention relates to a method for fabricating a structure including a semiconductor material comprising: a) implanting one or more ion species to form a weakened region delimiting at least one seed layer in a substrate of semiconductor material, b) forming, before or after step a), at least one metallic layer on the substrate in semiconductor material, c) assembling the at least one metallic layer with a transfer substrate, then fracturing the implanted substrate at the weakened region, and d) forming at least one layer in semiconductor material on the at least one seed layer, for example, by epitaxy.
Quantum rod and method of fabricating the same
A quantum rod includes a core of ZnS semiconductor particle having a rod shape; and a transition metal with which the core is doped and which is biased at one side of a length direction of the core.
Semiconductor light emitting device
According to one embodiment, the second insulating film is provided between the first interconnect portion and the second interconnect portion, and at an outer periphery of a side face of the semiconductor layer. The optical layer is provided on the first side and on the second insulating film at the outer periphery. The optical layer is transmissive with respect to light emitted from the light emitting layer. A plurality of protrusions and a plurality of recesses are provided at the first side. Peaks of the protrusions are positioned closer to the second side than an end on the second insulating film side of the optical layer at the outer periphery.
Semiconductor light emitting device
According to an embodiment, a semiconductor light emitting device includes a first semiconductor layer, a second semiconductor layer, a dielectric film and an electrode. The first semiconductor layer is capable of emitting light. The second semiconductor layer has a first major surface in contact with the first semiconductor layer and a second major surface opposite to the first major surface, the second major surface including a first region having convex structures and a second region not having the convex structures. The dielectric film is provided at least at a tip portion of the convex structures, and the electrode is provided above the second region.
Method for separating light-emitting diode from a substrate
A method for separating a light-emitting diode (LED) from a substrate comprises the following steps. First, a substrate is provided which includes a junction surface and a bottom surface far away from the junction surface. Then a plurality holes are formed on the junction surface. An LED structure is further grown on the junction surface, and includes a junction portion bonded to the junction surface. The bottom surface is then polished to be shrunk to communicate with the holes. Finally, the junction portion is etched by an etching liquid via the holes to separate the LED structure from the substrate. Accordingly, by forming the holes, the LED structure and the substrate can be separated through polishing and etching processes, thereby providing a high yield rate as well as reduced production costs.
Method for manufacturing a solar cell
The invention relates to a method for manufacturing a solar cell from a semiconductor substrate of a first conductivity type, the semiconductor substrate having a front side and a back side, the method comprising in this sequence: creating by diffusion of a dopant of a second conductivity type a second conductivity-type doped layer in the front side and the back side, during diffusion forming of a dopant containing glassy layer on the front and back side; removing the second conductivity-type doped layer and the dopant containing glassy layer from the back side by a single sided etching process, while maintaining the dopant-containing glassy layer in the front side; creating a Back Surface Field (BSF) layer of the first conductivity type on the back side by implantation of a dopant of the first conductivity type into the back side; removing the dopant containing glassy layer from the front side of said substrate by an etching process; surface oxidation by heating said substrate for a predetermined period of time and to a predetermined temperature in oxidizing atmosphere to form passivation layers on the front side and the back side.
Composite substrates of silicon and ceramic
Composite substrates include a silicon layer disposed on a ceramic layer. Different thermal expansion coefficient for the composite substrates can be achieved by changing the thermal expansion coefficient of the ceramic layer. Composite substrates can include two layers of silicon sandwiching a layer of ceramic.
Method for manufacturing photoelectric converter
A method for manufacturing a photoelectric converter, comprising: forming a first buffer layer comprising a metal sulfide on a light-absorbing layer comprising a Group I-III-VI compound or a Group I-II-IV-VI compound; and contacting a surface of the first buffer layer with a first solution comprising an alkali metal compound.
Coaxial drive tracking system for use with photovoltaic systems
A solar energy collection system for converting solar energy to electricity that includes solar arrays mounted on a frame. Each array is set on a tracker head that is supported on a pedestal; each pedestal mounts onto a beam. Elevators pivot the arrays, where each elevator is made up of a shaft with a threaded end coupled to a drive nut. An upper end of each drive nut gimbal mounts to a portion of the tracker head; rotating a lower end of each shaft raises or lowers the drive nut, thereby pivoting each array. The vertical shafts are ganged together and driven by a single motor. Further included with each pedestal are azimuth orientation shafts that also mount to each tracker head. Rotating each orientation shaft adjusts an azimuth of an associated array. The orientation shafts are ganged together and are rotated by a single motor.
Back sheet for solar cell, and solar cell module
A solar cell backsheet including: a support; and a first polymer layer which is formed on one side of the support and which includes: from 0.8 g/m2 to 15.0 g/m2 of a binder resin including at least one selected from the group consisting of a polyolefin ionomer having a polar group, a polyacryl, and polyvinyl alcohol; and from 1.5 g/m2 to 15.0 g/m2 of an inorganic pigment.
Antireflection substrate structure and manufacturing method thereof
A manufacturing method of antireflection substrate structure includes: providing a silicon wafer having a first rough surface; forming an antireflection optical film on the silicon wafer, wherein the antireflection optical film conformally overlays the first rough surface; performing a surface treatment on the antireflection optical film so that the antireflection optical film has a hydrophilic surface, and the hydrophilic surface is relatively far away from the silicon wafer; dropping a colloidal solution on the hydrophilic surface of the antireflection optical film, wherein the colloidal solution includes a solution and multiple nano-balls and the nano-balls are adhered onto the hydrophilic surface; and performing an etching process on the hydrophilic surface of the antireflection optical film by taking the nano-balls as an etching mask so as to form a second rough surface, wherein the roughness of the second rough surface is different from the roughness of the first rough surface.