Document Document Title
US09107335B2 Method for manufacturing an integrated circuit and an integrated circuit
A method for manufacturing an integrated circuit may include forming an electronic circuit in or above a carrier; forming at least one metallization layer structure configured to electrically connect the electronic circuit; and forming a solid state electrolyte battery at least partially in the at least one metallization layer structure, wherein the solid state electrolyte battery is electrically connected to the electronic circuit.
US09107332B2 Method for manufacturing printed circuit board
A printed circuit board includes a base, a circuit pattern, a solder mask, an activated metal layer, a plurality of metal seed layers, and a plurality of metal bumps. The conductive circuit pattern is formed on the base, to include a plurality of conductive pads. The solder mask is formed on a surface of the conductive circuit pattern and portions of the base are exposed from the circuit pattern. The solder mask includes blind vias corresponding to the pads, and laser-activated catalyst. The activated metal layer is obtained by laser irradiation at the wall of the blind via. The activated metal layer is in contact with the solder mask. The metal seed layer is formed on the activated metal layer and the pads. Each metal bump is formed on the metal seed layer, and each metal bump protrudes from the solder mask.
US09107327B2 Data center cooling method
A method aspect for removing heat from a data center may use liquid coolant cooled without vapor compression refrigeration on a liquid cooled information technology equipment rack. The method may also include regulating liquid coolant flow to the data center through a range of liquid coolant flow values with a controller-apparatus based upon information technology equipment temperature threshold of the data center.
US09107325B1 Systems and methods of coupling sensors to a structure
Systems and methods of coupling sensors to a structure are disclosed. A particular method includes applying one or more communication traces to the structure. At least one of the one or more communication traces is formed using at least one direct-write technique. The method also includes coupling the one or more communication traces to at least one sensor.
US09107324B2 Circuit module and method of manufacturing the same
Manufacturing method and circuit module, which comprises an insulator layer and, inside the insulator layer, at least one component, which comprises contact areas, the material of which contains a first metal. On the surface of the insulator layer are conductors, which comprise at least a first layer and a second layer, in such a way that at least the second layer contains a second metal. The circuit module comprises contact elements between the contact areas and the conductors for forming electrical contacts. The contact elements, for their part, comprise, on the surface of the material of the contact area, an intermediate layer, which contains a third metal, in such a way that the first, second, and third metals are different metals and the contact surface area (ACONT 1), between the intermediate layer and the contact area is less that the surface area (APAD) of the contact area.
US09107323B2 Band-pass filter module and module substrate
A bandpass filter module includes a mounting board and a BPF chip mounted on a surface thereof. The BPF chip includes three or more resonators; a first-stage resonator located closest to an input terminal, a final-stage resonator located closest to an output terminal, and a middle-stage resonator connected between the first-stage and the final-stage resonators and located in a chip middle zone. The mounting board includes an area overlapping with the chip middle zone, viewed in plan, defining a ground-free space in which no ground electrode is disposed. The ground-free space is formed at least from the surface of the mounting board to a depth position at which a topmost internal wiring layer is located. The middle-stage resonator is prevented from being coupled to ground electrodes on the mounting board and from a lower Q-value and increased insertion loss.
US09107319B2 DC link capacitor assembly
A DC link capacitor assembly is provided. The DC link capacitor assembly according to the embodiment includes a DC link capacitor disposed in a housing. The housing includes a top surface, a bottom surface disposed spaced downward from the top surface, at least one side surface connecting the top surface to the bottom surface, an opening defined at a front side between the top surface and the bottom surface and an external capacitor accommodation part disposed outside the side surface.
US09107317B2 Method for fabricating blackened conductive patterns
The present invention relates to a method for fabricating blackened conductive patterns, which includes (i) forming a resist layer on a non-conductive substrate; (ii) forming fine pattern grooves in the resist layer using a laser beam; (iii) forming a mixture layer containing a conductive material and a blackening material in the fine pattern grooves; and (iv) removing the resist layer remained on the non-conductive substrate.
US09107316B2 Multi-layer micro-wire substrate structure
A multi-layer micro-wire structure includes a substrate having a substrate edge. A first layer is formed over the substrate extending to a first layer edge. One or more first micro-channels are imprinted in the first layer, at least one imprinted first micro-channel having a micro-wire forming at least a portion of an exposed first connection pad in the first layer. A second layer is formed over the first layer extending to a second layer edge. One or more second micro-channels are imprinted in the second layer, at least one imprinted second micro-channel having a micro-wire forming at least a portion of an exposed second connection pad in the second layer. The second-layer edge is farther from the substrate edge than the first-layer edge for at least a portion of the second-layer edge so that the first connection pads are exposed through the second layer.
US09107314B2 Method of manufacturing a wiring board having via structures
A method of manufacturing a wiring board includes: forming an outer through hole in a core substrate; filling the outer through hole with an insulation resin; forming a first conductive layer on a surface of the insulation resin at a portion where a core connecting via is formed; forming a land around the first conductive layer; laminating the wiring layer on the core substrate after the forming of the first conductive layer and the forming of the land; forming an inner through hole having a smaller diameter than that of the outer through hole and penetrating through the core substrate and the wiring layer so as to penetrate through the insulation resin; and coating a first conductive film on an inner wall surface of the inner through hole, in which the core substrate and the first conductive film are electrically connected through the first conductive layer and the land.
US09107312B2 Printed electronics
Printed electronic device comprising a substrate onto at least one surface of which has been applied a layer of an electrically conductive ink comprising functionalized graphene sheets and at least one binder. A method of preparing printed electronic devices is further disclosed.
US09107309B2 Sensor housing for a direct assembly of a wiring harness by machine
A system having a plug and a housing having a hollow space at least partially sealed and an electrical supply line, which is connected to an electrical component, which is separated from the space by a pass-through region, which has a first sealing arrangement that seals in media-tight fashion, the line being surrounded at least partially by the first sealing arrangement, and being contactable in the space, the plug having at least one electrical contact for contacting the line and having at least one second sealing arrangement, which is such that for a contacting, the hollow space is sealed in media-tight, the line of the housing and/or the first sealing arrangement having at least one first locking arrangement, and the electrical contact of the plug having at least one second locking arrangement, the locking arrangements providing that for a contacting, an exclusively irreversible positive and/or non-positive locking is provided.
US09107302B2 Dummy structure for visual aid in printed wiring board etch inspection
A dummy structure for a printed wiring board (PWB) includes a unit shape defined on the PWB, the unit shape configured to, based on a visual inspection thereof, provide an indication of one of: etching of a PWB circuit element within a desired tolerance range, over etching of the PWB circuit element, or under etching of the PWB circuit element.
US09107289B2 Display device
A display device includes a display panel including a display part; a conductive film located on a front surface of the display panel and made of a conductive member; a non-conductive housing frame that is located on a surface of the conductive film opposite to a surface of the conductive film facing the display panel, covers a peripheral part of the display panel, and has at least one through hole penetrating the housing frame along a front-and-back direction; a conductive coupling member disposed in the through hole and electrically coupled to the conductive film; and a conductive decorative panel that covers a surface of the housing frame opposite to a surface of the housing frame facing the conductive film and is electrically coupled to the coupling member.
US09107288B2 Electronic apparatus
According to one embodiment, an electronic apparatus includes a box shaped housing, a display unit, and a printed circuit board. The housing includes a front casing having an opening and a back casing. The display unit is configured in the housing and exposed from the opening. The printed circuit board is configured in the housing and mounted on the back casing. A power contact is located on a lowest portion of the printed circuit board. a portion of the printed circuit board which is above a topside of a position occupied by the power contact overlaps a corresponding portion of the display unit in a front-back direction.
US09107287B2 Soft display device for portable terminal
The present invention relates to a soft display device for a portable terminal and more specifically to a soft display device of a portable terminal, wherein a soft display that is fabricated with soft materials to be flexible is used to further enlarge the screen of a portable terminal (cellular phone, PMP, electronic dictionary, DMB, navigation, notebook, UMPC) so that a wider screen may be provided to the user. In the first embodiment of the present invention, the soft display device of a portable terminal of the present invention comprises a housing wherein an empty space is formed, a soft display wherein at least one part out of its entire surface area is exposed at the top of said housing and extended from the one part exposed on said top so that it may be pushed and pulled inside said housing, and a support part that supports said soft display accommodated inside said housing.
US09107285B2 Electronic equipment and structure including battery unit
A battery structure includes an input device, a housing, an electronic component, a first battery cell, a second battery cell, a case and a protection circuit. The input device includes a flat input surface. The housing is configured to support the input device and to accommodate components therein. The electronic component and the first and second battery cells are in the housing. The second battery cell overlaps at least partially with the electronic component in a thickness direction of the housing, and is thinner than the first battery cell. The case includes a frame configured to enclose the first and second battery cells and a joist inside the frame in a lattice pattern between the first and second battery cells. The protection circuit is configured to be electrically connected to the first and second battery cells at a position apart from the second battery cell.
US09107284B2 Chamber matching using voltage control mode
Systems and methods for compensating for harmonics produced during plasma processing in a plasma chamber are described. One of the methods includes retrieving a measurement of a combined waveform. The combined waveform includes a fundamental waveform and a harmonic waveform. The combined waveform defines a voltage proximate to a surface of a chuck, which is coupled to a radio frequency (RF) transmission line. The RF transmission line is coupled to an impedance matching circuit. The impedance matching circuit is coupled to an RF generator. The method further includes extracting the fundamental waveform from the combined waveform, determining a difference between a magnitude of the combined waveform and a magnitude of the fundamental waveform, and controlling the RF generator to compensate for the difference.
US09107277B2 Electronic device and control method therefor
In an electronic device including a discharge lamp, and a lamp power supply section that supplies power to the discharge lamp, a control section makes the lamp power supply section execute a lamp refresh process of supplying power necessary for generation of a halogen cycle to the discharge lamp at predetermined time intervals during low power operation in which the discharge lamp is lighted with power less than the rated power. Further, the control section records, in a recording section (non-volatile memory), a control instruction which is issued to the lamp power supply section during low power operation.
US09107274B2 Color display element manufacturing method and color display element
Provided is a color display element which employs a conventional system of monochrome electronic paper without degrading the degree of brightness and with ease and lower costs. Also provided is a method of producing a color display element including a pair of opposing substrates having electrodes, charged display bodies of white color and black color which are enclosed between the opposing substrates, and a color filter which is disposed on one of the opposing substrates, the method including forming a color filter disposed on a viewing side by forming, first, colored regions of at least three colors of blue, green, and red by an inkjet method on a transparent support substrate, and forming remaining regions other than the colored regions so as to be colorless or transparent.
US09107270B2 High efficiency led drivers with high power factor
The present invention relates to a high efficiency, high power factor LED driver for driving an LED device. In one embodiment, an LED driver can include: an LED current detection circuit coupled to the LED device, and configured to generate a feedback signal that represents an error between a driving current and an expected driving current of the LED device; a power stage circuit, where a first power switch terminal is coupled to a first input voltage, and a second power switch terminal is coupled to ground; and a control circuit configured to generate a control signal according to the feedback signal and a drain-source voltage of the power switch, where the control signal, in each switch period, turns on the power switch when the drain-source voltage reaches a low level, and turns off the power switch after a fixed time interval based on the feedback signal.
US09107269B2 Emergency lighting device
An emergency lighting device includes a backup power supply for illuminating a light during a power loss. The lighting device includes a transmitter, which transmits a signal to a receiver during a power outage. When the receiver receives the signal, the source of power switches from the primary power source, e.g., AC utility power, to a backup power source, e.g., DC battery power. The lighting device may include an LED lamp in which AC-LEDs are selectively illuminated when primary power source is delivered and DC-LEDs which are selectively illuminated during a power outage.
US09107268B2 Calibration method and endoscope system
Light from each LED is applied to an integrating sphere (reference object), and a light amount calculator calculates light reflected from the integrating sphere. Calibration data, in which source control signals applied to the LEDs are associated with amounts of the light from the LEDs emitted in response to the source control signals, respectively, is generated. A maximum amount of the light from each LED is set in accordance with a predetermined light amount ratio. Based on the maximum light amount, an nth light amount which corresponds to a brightness step n is set. With reference to the calibration data, the source control signal which corresponds to the nth light amount is set as the source control signal for the brightness step n. A light control table is generated by associating the source control signal for the brightness step n with a brightness command signal for the brightness step n.
US09107267B2 Method and numerical tool for optimizing light emitting diode systems
Methods and numerical tools for designing and optimizing LED systems are provided to achieve a desired luminous performance and to increase reliability and operating lifetime. In addition, methods for designing LED illumination systems are also disclosed to determine an optimum operating power for a desired output luminous flux, given the condition of the rated power of the LED and the heatsink. By the invention, LED illumination systems can be designed with a suitable choice of LED and/or heatsink.
US09107256B2 Light emitting diode lighting apparatus
A light emitting diode (LED) lighting apparatus boosts alternating current (AC) power output from a ballast, rectifies the boosted AC power to direct current (DC) power, blocks generation of an inrush current while the boosted AC power is rectified, and controls an operation of an LED by using the DC power.
US09107251B2 Dimmable luminary featuring colour change during dimming
A wake-up lamp system (100; 1000) comprises: a light source (130) having a nominal light output intensity (Lmax); and a control device (110) for controlling the light source, the control device receiving a clock signal from a clock device (120). The control device, when operating in a wake-up mode, controls the light source such that its light output intensity is gradually increased from a minimum intensity value (Lmin) to a maximum intensity value (Lmu) and such that the color point of the light output is gradually changed to travel a predefined chromaticity path, with the position of the color point on said chromaticity path being set as a function of the light output intensity. Said chromaticity path has a starting point having a color temperature between 400K and 1500K associated with the minimum intensity and an end point having a color temperature higher than 2700K associated with the nominal intensity.
US09107246B2 Method and system for shutting down a lighting device
A system and method for operating one or more light emitting devices is disclosed. In one example, the switching of a regulator is ceased in response to a request to stop supplying power to one or more light emitting devices. The approach may reduce power consumption of a lighting system when light is not requested.
US09107242B2 Channel sounding method in wireless local area network system and apparatus for supporting the same
A method for a channel sounding in a wireless local area network is provided. The method includes transmitting a null data packet announcement (NDPA) frame, to a plurality of receivers, the NDPA frame requesting a channel statement information feedback and announcing that a null data packet (NDP) frame is to be transmitted; transmitting the NDP frame being a basis of channel estimation for the plurality of receivers; receiving a first feedback frame from a first receiver among the plurality of receivers, transmitting a feedback poll frame to a second receiver; and, receiving a second feedback frame from the second receiver, the second feedback frame including second channel state information estimated by the second receiver. If the first receiver fails to perform the channel estimation, the first feedback frame is a null feedback frame. The null feedback frame is a feedback frame not including channel state information.
US09107240B2 Amplifier supporting multi mode and amplifying method thereof
An amplifier and an amplifying method are provided. The amplifier includes: an amplifying unit amplifying and transferring a transmission target signal to a TDD switch; the TDD switch transferring a signal received from the amplifying unit to a filter unit when the amplifier operates in a TDD mode, and transferring a signal received from the filter unit to a duplex mode selection switch; the duplex mode selection switch transferring a signal received from the filter unit to a receiving side; and a controller controlling the duplex mode selection switch to transfer the signal received from the filter unit to the receiving side without passing through the TDD switch when the received duplex mode selection signal is a FDD mode selection signal.
US09107239B2 Systems and methods to define control channels using reserved resource blocks
Systems and methodologies are described that facilitate defining new control channels in legacy wireless networks. Control data resources for new systems can be defined over resources reserved for general data communications in the legacy wireless network specification. In this regard, legacy devices can still be supported by devices implementing new control data resources, and the new control data resources can avoid substantial interference that is typically exhibited over legacy control and/or reference signal resources by instead using the general data resources. In addition, new system devices can avoid scheduling data communication resources over the new control resources to create a substantially non-interfered global control segment. Control data can be transmitted over the segment using beacon-based technologies, reuse schemes, and/or the like.
US09107233B2 Resource scheduling method, scheduler and base station
The present invention proposes a distributed probabilistic dynamic interference coordination scheme to decrease or eliminate inter-cell interference, wherein the mechanism of ALOHA is introduced into the dynamic interference coordination. According to the first aspect of the present invention, a resource scheduling method is proposed, comprising: selecting resource to be scheduled from a scheduling list; selecting a first user equipment to be scheduled from the scheduling list; allocating the selected resource to the first user equipment by probability of p, wherein 0≦p≦1, if the first user equipment is of edge user. The present invention further proposes a scheduler implementing the aforesaid resource scheduling method and a base station (BS) comprising the aforesaid scheduler.
US09107232B2 Interference management between multiple networks
Methods and apparatuses for interference management between multiple wireless networks are disclosed. The apparatuses, and methods for doing the same, communicate with one or more wireless devices in each of first and second wireless networks, the first and second wireless networks having a common spectrum and different air interface protocols, and generate a message for transmission into the first wireless network to suppress transmission in the first network and to reserve a medium for wireless transmissions in the second wireless network.
US09107231B2 Multiuser scheduling for radio resource allocation
Terminals in a wireless communication system are scheduled according to a metric based on average power data received from a plurality of terminals at a plurality of base stations. An acceptable metric lies below a threshold value determined by the particular user's quality of service requirement. Groups of terminals are scheduled for simultaneous transmission in respective intervals of time or frequency. An equation for the metric {tilde over (K)}o is defined.
US09107229B2 Method, apparatus, and computer program product for signaling for sectorized beam operation in wireless networks
Method, apparatus, and computer program product embodiments configure channel access windows in overlapping network environments. An example method embodiment comprises: transmitting, by an access node, a measurement request to an associated wireless device, to perform measurements of signals received from other access nodes to which the device is not associated, the device being a member of a group of devices based on transmission by the access node to the device, of a directional beacon frame; receiving from the device, a measurement response comprising information on a directional message with an access node identifier of another access node to which the device is not associated; and determining a time window that may be used by devices that are members of the group, for transferring data between members of the group and the access node, based at least partly on the measurement response.
US09107228B2 Radio communication system and control method of radio resource allocation
A communication system includes a plurality of nodes including a base station; at least one terminal; and at least one relay node through which each terminal can be connected to the base station. An entity in a network higher in layer than each relay node configures the relay node to set a target value for a predetermined parameter reflecting a radio link status of the relay node. The relay node monitors the predetermined parameter to notify an upper-layer node of difference information corresponding to a difference between the target value and a monitored parameter value. The upper-layer node controls a link parameter of a radio link connecting the upper-layer node and the relay node depending on the difference information, resulting in efficient radio resource allocation in a relay network with small signaling overhead.
US09107227B2 Activation and deactivation of component carrier measurements based on thresh-old settings
In accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the invention there is at least a method, computer program, and apparatus for receiving over a first component carrier from a serving cell at least one of a first threshold and a second threshold, and performing at least one of: measuring the first component carrier and determining if the measurement exceeds the first threshold, and utilizing the second threshold and determining if a neighboring cell is a potential candidate for scheduling on a second component carrier.
US09107224B2 Method and device for maintaining the performance quality of a communication system in the presence of narrow band interference
A system that incorporates teachings of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a method for analyzing a wide frequency band with respect to signal power levels in specified narrow frequency bands, detecting narrow band signal power levels received in the specified narrow frequency bands, determining an average composite wideband power level from the narrow band signal power levels, determining an adaptive threshold, detecting narrow band interference according to one of the average composite wideband power level, the adaptive threshold, or both, prioritizing the detected narrow band interference, and selectively filtering a portion of the detected narrow band interference according to the prioritization. Other embodiments are disclosed.
US09107220B1 Method for practicing carrier sense multiple access at the application layer
A system and method for controlling a radio transmitter from the application layer is presented. The method includes monitoring an uplink state of a shared channel at a cell manager and processing the uplink state, at least in part, in the application layer in the cell manager to produce processed uplink state. The processed uplink state is then broadcast in a control packet on a downlink of the shared channel to a subscriber manager. The processed uplink state is then further processed, at least in part, at the application layer in the subscriber manager to produce transmitter control data. The transmitter control data is then used control the radio transmitter.
US09107218B1 Selective allowance of uplink transmission without resource block assignment
A method and system for selectively allowing uplink wireless transmission from a wireless communication device (WCDs) to a base station without a resource block assignment. Certain resource blocks may be designated for this use but still available for assignment to particular WCDs. When the base station receives data in such a resource block without having assigned the resource block for use by any WCD, the base station may determine based on a class or other identity of the transmitting WCD whether to forward the received data for transmission onto a transport network or rather whether to discard the data. The base station may then act accordingly. This arrangement may help improve performance in a scenario where many WCDs in a coverage area, such as embedded WCDs, would tend to transmit small amounts of data often, but the disclosed arrangement is more generally applicable as well.
US09107216B2 Base station and frequency band allocation method
A communication unit includes a plurality of antennas and controls, in transmitting signal using the plurality of antennas, the transmission directivity of the plurality of antennas based on a known signal from the communication terminal. A radio resource allocation unit allocates, to the communication terminal, an uplink frequency band for use in transmission of the known signal from a plurality of unit frequency bands lined in a frequency direction. In newly allocating the uplink frequency band to the communication terminal, the radio resource allocation unit newly determines the uplink frequency band based on elapsed time since the last use of the unit frequency band as the uplink frequency band.
US09107214B2 Method of handling hybrid automatic repeat request acknowledgement responses in wireless communication system
A method of handling hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) acknowledgement responses in a network of a wireless communication system is disclosed. The method comprises assigning resources for a plurality of physical hybrid indicator channels (PHICHs) and a plurality of extended physical hybrid indicator channels (ePHICHs); and transmitting a HARQ acknowledgement response to a communication device of the wireless communication system on a channel selected from the plurality of PHICHs and the plurality of ePHICHs, after receiving an uplink transmission from the communication device.
US09107212B2 Terminal device for receiving signal in wireless communication system for supporting a plurality of component carriers and method thereof
Disclosed are a terminal device for receiving a signal in a wireless communication system for supporting a plurality of component carriers and a method thereof. In the terminal device for receiving the signal in the system for supporting the component carriers, a receiver receives a Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH) including control information of a first type component carrier from a base station or a relay. A processor performs a decoding operation or controls an operation in a slip mode on the basis of control information included in a PDCCH in a second type component carrier after a time corresponding to a particular time offset value passes from a transmission time point of the PDCCH.
US09107211B2 Method and device for aperiodically reporting channel state information in wireless connection system
The present invention relates to methods and devices for aperiodically reporting channel state information (CSI). According to an embodiment of the present invention, a method for aperiodically reporting channel state information may comprise: a terminal receiving an upper layer signal from a base station, the upper layer signal containing information about at least one allocated CSI measurement group; the terminal receiving a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) signal via a first subframe from the base station, the PDCCH signal containing a CSI request field; the terminal setting a second subframe as a CSI reference resource based on the first subframe; and determining whether at least one CSI measurement group to which a CSI reference resource is allocated is included.
US09107207B2 Communication system, method, base station, and communication device
A wireless communication system, using wireless base stations, and other devices, such as a relay node, interoperate with using spectrum aggregation and MIMO. Traffic usage is detected and based on channel utilization relative to capacity, spectrum aggregation is chosen over MIMO under certain conditions. On the other hand, under higher channel utilization system components switch to MIMO modes of operation to reduce demand on channel use, while providing good throughput for communications stations.
US09107206B2 Carrier grouping in multicarrier wireless networks
A base station transmits an RRC message to modify a first cell group index of a first cell. If the first cell is a primary cell, the RRC message reconfigures the primary cell as a secondary cell with an updated first cell group index and the RRC message comprises mobility control information. If the first cell is a secondary cell, the RRC message releases the secondary cell and adds the secondary cell with an updated first cell group index without employing mobility control information.
US09107205B2 System and method for beacon transmission timing control
A method of broadcasting a first beacon by an access point of a communications system includes obtaining transmission times for second beacons broadcast by nearby access points, and adjusting a transmission time for the first beacon in accordance with the transmission times for the second beacons to group the first beacon and the second beacons together within a single channel. The method also includes broadcasting an indicator of the transmission time for the first beacon to stations operating in the communications system, and broadcasting the first beacon at the transmission time for the first beacon.
US09107204B2 Method of making a coexistence decision on distributed topology
Disclosed is a radio technology independent method for coexistence among dissimilar or independently operated TV Band Device (TVBD) networks and dissimilar TV Band Devices. A resource allocation method on distributed topology is disclosed, which comprises steps of receiving at least one available resource; performing a neighbor set calculation based on the received at least one available resource; calculating the resource according to the neighbor set calculation, where the calculated resource is negotiated among a plurality of coexistence manager (CM) entities and the resource is allocated to at least one device after the negotiation by the coexistence manager (CM) entities.
US09107197B2 Terminal-based selection of radio parameters among a parameter subset offered by the network
A method of operating a telecommunications system (20) comprises a radio access network node (34) offering plural parameter configurations to a wireless terminal (30) over a radio interface (32) and the wireless terminal (30) choosing a preferred parameter configuration from among the plural parameter configurations offered by the radio access network node. In an example embodiment and mode, the method further comprises the radio access network node (34) offering the plural parameter configurations as a list of discontinuous reception (DRX) configuration information elements, each discontinuous reception (DRX) configuration information element comprising one parameter value for each of the one or more corresponding discontinuous reception parameters defined for the configuration information element.
US09107193B2 Association update message and method for updating associations in a mesh network
An association update message for mesh networks according to the IEEE 802.11s standard provides the ability to include a plurality of associations in an association update message and thus ensure simultaneous updating of a plurality of associations of representative nodes with respect to the proxy nodes (proxy mesh stations) thereof. A threatened inconsistency in an association update in conventional systems, which provides for only one transmission of an association update message per association update, is thereby eliminated. The proxy information field has an identification field with a plurality of identification fields. The identification fields advantageously allow variable structuring of the proxy information fields, that is, dependent on the information transmitted, which also provides the ability to prevent redundant information in the proxy information fields.
US09107191B2 System and method for managing simultaneous uplink signal transmissions in carrier aggregation systems
Systems and methods for managing the transmission of multiple signals on one or more uplink (UL) channels using carrier aggregation in LTE-A systems. A UE simultaneously transmits signals such as ACK/NACK and periodic CSI using one or more uplink channels, such as a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) and/or a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH), by increasing the resources used to transmit at least one of those signals. According to one aspect, a UE simultaneously transmits ACK/NACK signals and periodic CSI signals by multiplexing those signals on the PUSCH. Certain aspects avoid frequently dropped periodic CSI signals and provide mechanisms to ensure that ACK/NACK signals are transmitted.
US09107183B2 Providing group call priority access in LTE and priority access for user equipments with dual access classes
The disclosure relates to determining priority access with dual access barring classes. An aspect receives, at a client device, at least one high priority access barring class and at least one low priority access barring class, switches to the low priority access barring class, receives an access barring message, and switches to the high priority access barring class in response to receiving the access barring message. An aspect receives a call request for a high priority call among a group of client devices, transmits a notification to a network instructing it to transmit an access barring message in response to receiving the call request, wherein one or more members of the group of client devices switch to a high priority access class in response to receiving the access barring message, and suppresses call announcements for non-priority call requests after transmitting the notification.
US09107182B2 Method and apparatus for allocating identifier of base station in communication system
An apparatus and method for allocating an identifier of a Base Station (BS) in a communication system are provided. The method includes determining a Physical Cell Identification (PCI) allocation range using Physical Cell Identifiers (PCIDs) of adjacent macro BSs located within a predetermined distance from a target macro BS, the PCI allocation range including PCIDs substantially allocable to at least one micro BS installed in a service area of the target macro BS, determining a PCI broadcast range using the PCI allocation range, the PCI broadcast range including PCIDs exclusively allocated to the at least one micro BS, and broadcasting the PCI broadcast range to Mobile Stations (MSs) located in the service area.
US09107178B2 Geo-location signal fingerprinting
Disclosed herein is a technology related to low-power, accurate location estimation for mobile devices (such as a smartphone). More particularly, the disclosed technology facilitates estimation of a physical or “real world” location (e.g., geo-location) without relying on the conventional always-on and battery-draining approaches of Global Positioning Systems (GPSs) or some form of telemetry based upon multiple radio signals (e.g., cellular). This Abstract is submitted with the understanding that it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope or meaning of the claims.
US09107177B2 Wireless base station, transmission power control method and computer program
Provided is a wireless base station including a power measurement unit for measuring a power of a reference signal for synchronization at a downlink adjacent frequency; a base station type acquisition unit for acquiring a type of a base station that transmits the signal at the downlink adjacent frequency; and a power setting unit for setting a maximum transmission power based on a measurement value of the power measured by the power measurement unit and the type of the base station acquired by the base station type acquisition unit.
US09107174B2 Systems and methods for uplink power control and scheduling in a wireless network
Methods and systems for facilitating uplink power control (PC) and scheduling in a wireless network are provided. In one example, common interference patterns are obtained from long term channel statistics, and used to perform local PC and scheduling by distributed base stations (eNBs). In some implementations, the common interference patterns are obtained through statistical narrowing techniques that identify common ones out of a plurality of potential interference patterns. The common interference patterns may specify maximum interference thresholds and/or individual eNB-to-eNB interference thresholds which may govern the local PC and scheduling decisions of the distributed eNBs.
US09107173B2 Method and system for access and uplink power control for a wireless system having multiple transmit points
A method and system for access and uplink power control for a wireless system having multiple transmit points. In one aspect a method operating in a wireless network having a plurality of transmission points (TP) including a macro evolved Node B (eNB) and at least one low power node (LPN) having transmit power lower than that of the macro eNB, the method detecting, by the user equipment, a transmission point having a lowest path loss to the user equipment; and transmitting, by the user equipment, a physical random access channel (PRACH) preamble on a PRACH directed to the transmission points having the lowest path losses.
US09107172B1 Method and apparatus for managing coexistence interference
The present disclosure allows for a wireless device that can include a transceiver that transmits a radio frequency (RF) signal at an RF power level. The RF signal can propagate through an RF environment that is shared by multiple interference-susceptible wireless devices. The wireless device can also include an interference-identifier module that determines if the RF signal decreases a measure of the integrity of another RF signal that is transmitted between two or more interference-susceptible wireless devices. The wireless device can also include a transmit power adjuster that adjusts the transmit power to increase the signal integrity metric when the interference-identifier module has determined that the RF signal has decreased the signal integrity metric. Alternatively, the wireless device may transmit a control message that is indicative of the identified coexistence interference to a remote transmitter. The control message may result in a transmit power adjustment of the remote transmitter.
US09107171B2 Method and apparatus for adjusting transmitter power level
According to one exemplary embodiment of the present invention, an apparatus is provided comprising a radio transmitter having an output stage with an adjustable output power level, a measurement circuit configured to measure a radio signal power of the radio transmitter and a control block connected to the measurement circuit wherein the measurement circuit is connected to the output stage of the radio transmitter where the radio signal power is measured; and wherein the control block is configured to adjust the output power level of the radio transmitter based on the measured radio signal power at the radio transmitter output stage.
US09107170B2 Electronic apparatus and power adjustment method thereof
An electronic apparatus and a method thereof are provided. The electronic apparatus includes a signal detection module and a power adjustment module. The signal detection module detects a received signal quality of a first wireless communication system. The power adjustment module is coupled to the signal detection module, and adjusts an output power in a second wireless communication system according to the received signal quality, so as to enlarge service coverage of the electronic apparatus in the second wireless communication system.
US09107168B2 Methods and apparatuses for preemptive battery voltage management in multi-SIM mobile devices
Apparatus and methods for power control management in a user equipment (UE) include establishing a first call and a second call at the UE, wherein the first call is associated with a first subscription and the second call is associated with a second subscription. Further, the apparatus and methods include determining concurrency of the first call and the second call. The apparatus and methods also includes adjusting a power level or operating frequency associated with at least one UE component based on determining the concurrency of the first call and the second call.
US09107164B1 Wake on one-to-many communication
A network device may include first and second processors and a wireless transceiver under control of the second processor. The network device may further maintain one or more signatures and a wake-up module executable by the second processor. The wake up module may receive a multicast wireless communication while the first processor is in a low-power sleep mode. The wake up module may determine whether a data portion of the multicast wireless communication includes a signature. If the data portion of the wireless communication includes the signature, the wake up module may cause the first processor to leave the low-power sleep mode and process the multicast wireless communication.
US09107163B2 Method for controlling operation activity modes of a wireless telecommunications terminal
A method is provided for controlling Discontinuous Reception (DRX) mode in telecommunication user equipment (UE), with the object to improve system power consumption of a UE of a wireless communication system that is running the DRX mode in RRC_CONNECTED state. In an LTE communication system, DRX functionality is applied to the Medium Access Control (MAC) layer to discontinue monitoring the Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH) for certain periods in order to reduce power consumption of the UE. Typical physical UE implementations have the stack controller and the Physical Layer (PHY) running on several hardware blocks that can enter power saving modes independently. The method comprises a partitioning of the functionality between stack controller and PHY layer that allows the stack controller entity to be active at a minimum while ensuring that the UE still behaves standard compliant to the network.
US09107161B2 Method and apparatus for compensating for timing synchronization error in a communication system
A method for performing timing synchronization error compensation by a base station in a communication system, in which if there is a need for timing synchronization error compensation of a user equipment, the base station generates a message related to the timing synchronization error compensation, and broadcasts the generated message to the user equipment. In this manner, the base station can notify the user equipment of the need for timing synchronization error compensation in the communication system.
US09107160B2 Uplink synchronization method and apparatus
Embodiments of the present invention relates to an uplink synchronization method and apparatus, where the method includes: obtaining a timing advance of a second frequency point according to a timing advance of a first frequency point; and sending data at an uplink sending time corresponding to the timing advance of the second frequency point. According to embodiments of the present invention, the TA of the second frequency point can be obtained according to the TA of the first frequency point, and a RACH access process does not need to be performed at the second frequency point, which effectively reduces the network resources occupied by the RACH process, and shortens the produced delay, thereby improving the performance of the entire system.
US09107159B2 Enhancing jitter buffer performance through radio level feedback
A jitter buffer in a Voice over LTE receiver may be influenced by radio level feedback (RLF) from both local and remote endpoints to preemptively adjust the jitter buffer delay in anticipation of predicted future losses that have a high probability of occurring. The radio events of the RLF and the scenarios that trigger the preemptive adjustments may be identified, and their use may be expressed in terms of mathematical formulas. In prior art designs, the instantaneous jitter is derived from a weighted history of the media stream, and consequently only packets that have already arrived are used to compute the instantaneous jitter to adjust the length of the buffer. By providing and using RLF from both local and remote endpoints, the anticipated delay—for packets that have not yet arrived—may be used to preemptively adjust the buffer, thereby minimizing packet loss without introducing unnecessary delay.
US09107158B2 Robust downlink timing synchronization method in LTE system
A robust downlink timing synchronization method for reducing the influence of initial frequency offset and ensuring the timing synchronization in a low signal-to-noise ratio interval in an LTE system, which includes: step 1: a receiving terminal continuously storing time domain signal sequences of M PSS transmission periods; step 2: performing narrowband filtering on the time domain signal sequences of the M PSS transmission periods; step 3: performing down-sampling on data obtained after the filtering; step 4: performing sliding differential mirror correlation on the down-sampling data of an mth PSS transmission period to obtain a correlation value of an ith instant; step 5: superposing correlation results to obtain a superposition result; and step 6: determining whether the superposition result has an obvious peak interval; if yes, completing capturing the primary synchronization signal, and obtaining timing information according to a position of a maximum correlation peak; otherwise, returning to step 1.
US09107155B2 Synchronization for device-to-device communication
Various example embodiments are disclosed. According to one example embodiment, a method may include synchronizing, by an access node in a wireless network, with a first mobile station, synchronizing with a second mobile station, compiling a device-to-device group, the device-to-device group including at least the first mobile station and the second mobile station, sending a first connection message to the first mobile station, the first connection message including timing advance parameters of both the first mobile station and the second mobile station, and sending a second connection message to the second mobile station.
US09107154B2 Information notification and timing advance acquisition method, system, and device
Embodiments of the invention disclose an information notification and timing advance acquisition method, system and device, relate to the field of wireless communications and address the problem of how a UE acquires a Timing Advance (TA) for uplink transmission in a cell newly added in a set of cells configured for the UE. In the invention, a base station sends mapping relationships between cell and Timing Advance, TA, group to a UE, and the UE determines a TA group corresponding to a newly added cell configured for the UE by the base station according to the mapping relationships; determines whether there is a cell, having established uplink synchronization with the based station, in the TA group; and if so, then the UE regards a TA of the cell as a TA for uplink transmission in the newly added cell; otherwise, the UE acquires a TA for uplink transmission in the newly added cell by initiating a random access procedure. Apparently with the invention, the UE can acquire a TA for uplink transmission in the newly added cell.
US09107151B2 Wireless system with split control plane and data plane
In one embodiment, a method includes identifying an access point joining a wireless controller in communication with a switch, establishing a control tunnel between the access point and the wireless controller, transmitting an address of the switch from the wireless controller to the access point, and requesting the switch to setup a data tunnel with the access point. An apparatus and logic are also disclosed herein.
US09107148B1 Use of pre-handoff macro-carrier data for prioritization of carriers in femtocell frequency-hopping pilot beacons
Methods and systems are provided for prioritizing carriers in femtocell frequency-hopping pilot beacons. A femtocell receives registration requests from a number of mobile devices requesting to hand off service from a macro-network carrier to the femtocell. The femtocell identifies the macro-network carrier that each mobile device has handed off from. The femtocell then uses that information to prioritize future broadcasts of its frequency-hopping pilot beacon on those macro-network carriers on which the most mobile devices have handed off from. The prioritization could take the form of broadcasting more often on the higher priority one or more carriers per cycle, or broadcasting for a longer continuous period of time on the higher priority one or more carriers per cycle.
US09107146B2 Smart connection manager
A telecommunication device configured to perform at least one of adjusting a network polling frequency, prompting a user to select one of a plurality of networks, automatically connecting to one of the networks, or automatically disconnecting from one of the networks is described herein. The telecommunication device performs the adjusting, prompting, or connecting based at least on received device data or network data that is associated with the networks.
US09107145B2 Method and wireless communication device for conveying neighbor access point information
A method for one of a plurality access points (APs) of a wireless communication system to convey neighbor information to a station is disclosed. The method includes transmitting a compact information of at least one neighbor AP; wherein the compact information is transmitted in a frame and the compact information is used for scanning.
US09107138B2 Services discovery channel
A system may include one or more devices configured to receive content information associated with a broadcast. The system may determine announcement information based on the content information, where the announcement information may include information that allows a user device to receive the broadcast. The system may determine provisioning information based on the announcement information, where the provisioning information may include information for provisioning a discovery channel, and information specifying a time interval for providing the announcement information via the discovery channel. The system may provision the discovery channel, based on the provisioning information, and may provide the announcement information via the discovery channel based on the specified time interval.
US09107133B2 Adaptation of handover parameters
Handover parameter settings are automatically adapted in access points in a system to improve handover performance. Reactive detection techniques are employed for identifying different types of handover-related failures and adapting handover parameters based on this detection. Messaging schemes are also employed for providing handover-related information to access points. Proactive detection techniques also may be used for identifying conditions that may lead to handover-related failures and then adapting handover parameters in an attempt to prevent such handover-related failures. Ping-ponging may be mitigated by adapting handover parameters based on analysis of access terminal visited cell history acquired by access points in the system. In addition, configurable parameters (e.g., timer values) may be used to detect handover-related failures.
US09107132B2 Trajectory-aware location-based hand-offs
Techniques, systems, and articles of manufacture for trajectory-aware location-based hand-offs. A method includes collecting data comprising one or more past trajectories associated with a user mobile device and signal strength information pertaining to multiple mobile network base stations, determining a future trajectory for the user mobile device comprising one or more hand-offs to one or more of the mobile network base stations based on the collected data, and executing the one or more hand-offs according to the determined future trajectory.
US09107126B2 Radio resource control for dual-access-technology cells
According to an aspect of an embodiment, a base station includes a first interface, a second interface, a third interface, and an allocator. The first interface communicates with a plurality of terminals via a licensed radio spectrum. The second interface communicates with the plurality of terminals via an unlicensed radio spectrum. The third interface receives from a central controller a licensed radio spectrum assignment including a set of assigned physical resource blocks associated with the licensed radio spectrum. The allocator allocates unlicensed radio spectrum resources and the physical resource blocks among the plurality of terminals.
US09107122B2 Method and apparatus for correcting wireless signal quality
A method and an apparatus for correcting wireless signal quality are provided. The apparatus includes an abnormality detector and a quality adjuster. The abnormality detector collects multiple measurement values reported by a user equipment (UE), calculates a variation degree value according to the measurement values, and compares the variation degree value with a predetermined threshold value. The measurement values are generated by the UE when the UE measures the wireless signal quality of an evolved node B. The measurement values include a first reference signal receiving quality (RSRQ) of the evolved node B. When the variation degree value is larger than the predetermined threshold value, the quality adjuster corrects the first RSRQ based on the measurement values to generate a second RSRQ of the evolved node B.
US09107119B2 Handover in LTE using parallel sniffer
A base station can observe downlink communications of neighboring base stations of neighboring cells to determine operational parameters of these neighboring base stations in a process called sniffing. The base station ceases downlink transmission and/or uplink reception and initiates downlink reception for a duration in time and/or over frequency to form a sniffing window to observe the downlink communications of the one or more neighboring base stations. The sniffing window represents an area in time and/or frequency where downlink communications are not transmitted. The base station determines operational parameters based upon the downlink communications of the one or more neighboring base stations that are observed during the sniffing window. The base station and/or the one or more neighboring base stations can adjust their respective operational parameters such that, on average, each of the base stations within the cellular network should have a substantially similar deviation in their operational parameters.
US09107117B2 Collision elimination through forced reselection of cells in multi-SIM mobile devices
The various embodiments provide methods for implementing a forced reselection strategy after causing colliding subscriptions to perform reselection to neighboring cells. In various embodiments, the MSMS communication device may undo the effects of forced reselection in certain situations when continuing to employ forced reselection may be ineffective. In other embodiments, the MSMS communication device may force reselecting subscriptions to reselect to neighboring cells in a paging group based on the page timings of the neighboring cells. Thus, the various embodiments may increase the performance of the colliding subscriptions and may enhance the user's overall experience.
US09107111B2 Notification method, user terminal and radio base station
In order to assure reception of broadcast information by a user terminal handed over to a micro base station by CRE (Cell Range Expansion) and to reduce the number of transmission stopped subframes in a macro base station, the present invention provides a notification method for a user terminal to receive modification notification information for notifying modification in system information from the micro base station, the notification method including: the macro base station notifying the micro base station of a subframe pattern including a protection subframe to protect the modification notification information every a plurality of radio frames; and the micro base station notifying the user terminal of identification information of the protection subframe in the subframe pattern.
US09107110B2 Apparatus and method for local mobility management in a clustered femtocell network
A clustered femtocell network including a plurality of femtocell access points that are connected via a logical interface to a mobile network in order to provide user equipments with radio access to the mobile network, wherein the mobile network includes a Mobility Management Function—MMF—, is characterized in that a logical function—Proxy Mobility Management Function P-MMF—is provided that localizes mobility management of the user equipments in the clustered femtocell network, wherein the P-MMF intercepts and interprets mobility-related signaling between the MMF and the femtocell access points in such a way that it emulates towards the femtocell access points the behavior of the mobile network's MMF and towards the mobile network's MMF the behavior of the femtocell access points. Furthermore, a method for operating a clustered femtocell network is disclosed.
US09107107B2 Method and device for selection of mobile stations in coordinated multipoint transmission
A method of data transmission with a first mobile station (UE1) in a cellular communication system is described. The cellular communication system comprises a plurality of access nodes (BS1, BS2, BS3), and a plurality of mobile stations (UE11, UE2′, UE3′) in a coverage area (302) of the plurality of access nodes (BS1, BS2, BS3). The plurality of access nodes (BS1, BS2, BS3) and the plurality of mobile stations are adapted to perform data transmission in a first mode between an individual access node from the plurality of access nodes and the first mobile station (UE1), and in a second mode of cooperative data transmission between at least two of the access nodes from the plurality of access nodes and the first mobile station (UE1). The method comprises the steps of identifying the first mobile station (UE1) from the plurality of mobile stations, determining an indication of a modification of the transmission conditions between the first mode and the second mode for said first mobile station (UE1), selecting the mode of data transmission for the identified mobile station from the first and the second mode based on the indication, and performing the data transmission in the selected mode. A corresponding device and program is also described.
US09107104B2 Method and apparatus for channel feedback based on reference signal
Techniques for supporting channel measurement and reporting in a wireless communication system are described. In one design, a cell transmits a cell-specific reference signal (CRS) used for channel estimation and coherent demodulation and a channel spatial information reference signal (CSI-RS) used for channel measurement and channel feedback reporting. The cell may transmit the CSI-RS less frequently than the CRS, or from more antenna ports than the CRS, or on fewer resource elements than the CRS, or a combination thereof. In one design, a user equipment (UE) determines at least one bandwidth part configured for the UE, with each bandwidth part covering at least one subband. The UE receives the CRS and CSI-RS from the cell, determines channel feedback information for the at least one bandwidth part based on the CSI-RS, sends the channel feedback information to the cell, and receives data transmitted by the cell based on the channel feedback information.
US09107103B2 Small data communications in a wireless communication network
Technology for enabling small data transmissions in a user equipment (UE) configured for machine type communication (MTC) is disclosed. One method comprises receiving, by the UE from an evolved node (eNB), a system information block (SIB). The SIB can include system information relating to small data transmissions for MTC. The system information included in the SIB is read by the UE. The small data transmission is performed, from the UE to the eNB, based on the system information included in the SIB.
US09107102B2 Method and apparatus for reporting a cell quality measurement result for MDT by a terminal
The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for reporting a cell quality measurement result for minimization of drive test (MDT) to a base station in an efficient manner by a terminal. The method for reporting a quality measurement result for MDT by a terminal according to one aspect of the present invention comprises: receiving from a base station a first message that contains logging configuration information of a quality measurement result for the MDT; performing quality measurement for the MDT and logging the quality measurement result according to logging configuration information contained in the first message; receiving from the base station a second message that contains information regarding whether the base station supports the report of the quality measurement result; and transmitting to the base station a message notifying the existence of the logged quality measurement result, if the second message contains the information regarding the support of the measurement result.
US09107100B2 Prioritization of data packets
A method of operating a telecommunications node (28) through which packets of differing priority are conveyed comprises receiving plural data packets from a source external (26) to the node, the plural data packets including both ordinary packets and a priority packet; and storing the plural data packets in a queue structure (36) in order of arrival so that the priority packet is read out of the queue structure before the ordinary packets are read out of the queue structure (36), thereby expediting output of the priority packet from the node relative to the ordinary packets.
US09107097B2 Method and apparatus for transmission and reception of data using a compact header
The present invention relates to compact header structures of various forms used in wireless access systems as well as a method and apparatus for the transmission and reception of data using such headers. The method for receiving data wherein the mobile terminal uses the Persistent Allocation (PA) mode in one of the embodiments of the present invention comprises the step of receiving a Downlink Persistent Allocation MAP Information Element (DL PA MAP IE) from the base station, which contains information relating to the resource region allocated for persistent allocation in the downlink, and the step of receiving the downlink data containing a Compact Medium access control Header (CMH) via said resource region revealed by said information. At this stage, the CMH can contain an indicator that indicates whether the downlink data contains an extended header, and a length field indicating the length of the data payload.
US09107096B2 Radio access parameter tuning
There is provided a solution for performing radio access parameter tuning. The solution includes obtaining first predetermined characteristics related to users who experienced a radio link failure, obtaining second predetermined characteristics related to the users who are according to a predetermined rule prone to a radio link failure, and determining, based on the obtained second predetermined characteristics in addition to the obtained first predetermined characteristics, whether radio access parameter tuning is to be performed or not.
US09107095B2 Congestion control for multi flow data communication
In a multi flow HSDPA system comprising a RNC (402) and a plurality of NodeB's (404, 406), the present disclosure includes (re-) use of original active queue management, AQM, based congestion control, ABCC for a primary link (421). For every detected congestion, an end-user IP packet is destroyed. ABCC is not used for the secondary link (422), which means that application level TCP will not be informed about congestion on the secondary link (422). The radio link control, RLC, protocol data units, PDU, (432) are distributed among links based on the congestion status of the links. If secondary link (422) is congested then more packets will be transmitted on the primary link (421). This makes it possible to use TCP compatible congestion control for multi flow HSDPA, without the drawback that would result from TCP reacting unnecessarily on flow bitrate decrease.
US09107092B2 Heterogeneous self-organizing network for access and backhaul
This application discloses methods for creating self-organizing networks implemented on heterogeneous mesh networks. The self-organizing networks can include a computing cloud component coupled to the heterogeneous mesh network. In the methods and computer-readable mediums disclosed herein, a processor receives an environmental condition for a mesh network. The processor may have measured the environmental condition, or it could have received it from elsewhere, e.g., internally stored information, a neighboring node, a server located in a computing cloud, a network element, user equipment (“UE”), and the like. After receiving the environmental condition, the processor evaluates it and determines whether an operational parameter within the mesh network should change to better optimize network performance.
US09107089B2 Method, apparatus, and computer program product for location based query for interferer discovery in coexistence management system
Method, apparatus, and computer program product embodiments are disclosed for managing coexistence of secondary users in RF spectrum. An example embodiment includes receiving, by a coexistence manager, information indicating that a candidate wireless network served by another coexistence manager may interfere with a wireless network served by the coexistence manager; determining a location related to the wireless network served by the coexistence manager; transmitting a request message to the other coexistence manager, indicating the location and requesting an estimate of a transmission signal level at the location caused by the candidate wireless network; receiving from the other coexistence manager, a response message including information indicating an estimated transmission signal level at the location caused by the candidate wireless network; and determining whether the candidate wireless network interferes with the wireless network served by the coexistence manager based on the received estimated transmission signal level.
US09107084B2 Measurement and reporting configuration in radio communication networks
A wireless device, a network apparatus, a test equipment and a method in a heterogeneous radio-communication system configured to perform and report measurements in view of patterns including at least two types of subframes are provided. The wireless device has a transceiver and a processing unit. The transceiver is configured to send and to receive signals from more than one cell, and to receive information defining a first pattern related to first cells. The processing unit is configured to determine a second pattern related to second cells based on the first pattern and at least one of an indication or predefined rule relating the first pattern and the second pattern, to perform measurements related to the signals, and to report, to a network node, measurement results based on the measurements, the measurement results being related to signals received from a number of one or more cells.
US09107083B1 System and method for notifying users of similar searches
Interactions between users on mobile devices can be facilitated by making the users aware when other users have performed similar searches. In one embodiment, when two users executing a mapping application on a mobile device each perform a similar search in a similar geographic area, the server that receives and performs the search request can make each user aware of the other's presence, for example by displaying an icon indicating the other user on the mapping application. The search results may be refined to indicate search results in a geographic area common to the geographic search areas of each user.
US09107082B2 Array antenna arrangement
A wireless communication system comprising at least one base station in a communication cell, wherein the base station is equipped with at least one array antenna comprising at least two antenna ports which are connected to respective at least two corresponding antenna elements, wherein at least two of the at least two antenna elements have essentially the same polarization. The array antenna is arranged for communication via at least two antenna radiation lobes, each antenna radiation lobe communicating an information stream to at least one user equipment (UE) in the cell, wherein each antenna radiation lobe is individually controllable both in azimuth and elevation, whereby the communication of the information streams is optimized.
US09107078B2 Methods and apparatuses for low-rate television white space (TVWS) enablement
Certain aspects of the present disclosure relate to techniques for supporting television white space (TVWS) communication. In an aspect of the present disclosure, a low-rate TVWS enabler (Mode II wireless communication device) may provide initial enablement for all Mode I devices (e.g., access points and user terminals), as well as it may transmit a contact verification signal (CVS) on a regular basis to keep the Mode I devices enabled for the TVWS communication.
US09107071B2 Method and system for transmitting wireless data streams
The disclosure provides a method and a system for transmitting wireless data streams. After a user equipment sends a packet data protocol context activation request signaling to a base station, the base station checks whether the user equipment is allowed to activate a local Internet protocol access (LIPA) function. If the base station decides that the user equipment is allowed to activate the LIPA function, the base station instructs a core network to execute authentication accordingly. The base station disconnects a signaling connection between the base station and the core network. The base station assigns a private IP address to the user equipment, so that the user equipment having the private IP address performs the LIPA function and is directly connected to an external network through the base station without going through the core network, and a data transmission is performed between the base station and the user equipment.
US09107070B2 System and method for setting adaptive handoff parameters
Provided are a system and method for setting an adaptive set of handoff parameters. The system includes a user terminal configured to transmit an authentication request to a network and receive a set of handoff parameters from the network; an access point (AP) belonging to the network and configured to receive the authentication request from the user terminal, transmit the authentication request to a central management server, receive the set of handoff parameters from the central management server, and transmit the set of handoff parameters to the user terminal; and the central management server, which is configured to store and manage a plurality of network-specific sets of handoff parameters for one or more networks, authenticate the user terminal using the authentication request received from the AP, and transmit a set of handoff parameters of a network to which the authenticated user terminal connects to the AP.
US09107068B2 Device and method for inter-cell interference coordination in relay-assistant cellular network
The herein described device and method facilitate inter-cell interference coordination (ICIC) in a relay-assistant cellular network by: determining, with respect to a sector, whether the sector is relay overloaded or neighboring sectors of the sector are relay overloaded according to load information of the neighboring sectors of the sector; enabling the sector to borrow relay resources released by the neighboring sectors of the sector if the sector is relay overloaded with respect to the neighboring sectors of the sector; and releasing relay resources allocated to the sector according to load information of the neighboring sectors of the sector if the neighboring sectors are relay overloaded with respect to the sector.
US09107067B2 Secured communication
Technologies are generally described for providing secured communications. In some examples, a method performed under control of a first device may include transmitting a jamming signal, receiving a mixed signal that includes the jamming signal and an information signal generated by a second device and obtaining the information signal by eliminating the jamming signal from the mixed signal.
US09107066B2 Encryption in a wireless telecommunications
An example of the present invention is a method of transmitting encrypted user data to a mobile terminal in a wireless telecommunications network. The method comprises sending to the mobile terminal a data packet. The data packet comprises both an identifier of encryption information to used in recovering encrypted user data, and user data encrypted using said encryption information.
US09107065B2 Secure information transfer via bar codes
A method for providing a document using a secure bar code includes encrypting the document to generate an encrypted document, and mixing together bits for a security credential with bits for the encrypted document to generate a set of mixed bits having a predetermined order. The security credential is for decrypting the encrypted document. The method further includes inserting the set of mixed bits into the secure bar code and outputting the secure bar code. A bar code reader knows the predetermined order and is configured to read the secure bar code. The bar code reader may also be configured to un-mix the mixed bits based on the predetermined order, and decrypt the encrypted document with the security credential.
US09107057B2 Methods, apparatuses, systems and computer readable mediums for determining location of assets
In locating a transmitter, a central processor calculates a matched filter detector output for each of one or more candidate transmitter locations by applying a linear filter to low frequency magnetic field measurements obtained at a plurality of receiver locations. The central processor then determines the location of the transmitter based on the one or more calculated matched filter detector outputs. The linear filter is derived for the one or more candidate transmitter locations.
US09107056B2 Small cell activation procedure
A method of wireless communication includes configuring a small cell with activation parameters. The activation parameters include a new carrier type having a reduced periodicity. The method also includes configuring a UE with time restricted measurements. The time restricted measurements correspond to the new carrier type and the reduced periodicity. The method further includes receiving small cell signal measurements from the UE and initiating an activation sequence in response to the small cell signal measurements.
US09107055B2 Method and apparatus for pairing a mobile device to an output device
Methods and systems for associating or pairing a mobile device with a local output device via a central or mobile connect server system are provided. Pairing is performed by initiating a pairing request from an output device that is passed to the mobile connect server for processing. The mobile connect server responds to the request with a pairing code that is displayed by the output device. A user of the mobile device then enters the displayed pairing code in the mobile device. The mobile device transmits the entered pairing code to the mobile connect server and, in response to a match, the mobile device is paired to the output device. Pairing can enable various functions, including an ability to control programming or other information displayed by the output device in response to commands entered in the mobile device.
US09107053B2 Message server
An apparatus includes a housing, an interface, a processor and a memory. The interface is affixed to the housing and is configured for coupling to a cellular wireless network. The processor is affixed to the housing and is coupled to the interface. The memory is affixed to the housing and is coupled to the processor. The memory is configured to store a set of instructions for causing the processor to receive a first message using the interface and, in response thereto, for causing the processor to broadcast a second message using the cellular wireless network and using the interface, the second message having a transmission parameter determined by the first message and wherein the second message is compatible with a messaging service protocol.
US09107046B2 Systems, methods, and computer-readable media for timer-based management of communication devices
A method of management of a communication device in an aircraft may include transitioning the communication device from a normal mode to a disabled mode based on a calculated device sleep time based on data associated with transportation information of the device. One of these modes may be a state of the device in which a transceiver of the device is deactivated and the other mode may be a state of the device in which the transceiver is activated. Therefore, the device sleep time determines when the wireless device's transceiver may not be activated.
US09107045B2 Crowdsourcing method to detect broken WiFi indoor locationing model
Aspects of the present disclosure provide techniques for detecting breaks in a wireless network data model. An exemplary method includes determining neighboring access points from scans of network access points in a space. Each neighboring access point occurs together in a scan of a particular level of the space. Wireless data is received from a plurality of mobile devices moving through a space. A set of all access points for the space is identified based on the wireless data. A ratio is derived based on a difference between the neighboring access points and the set of all access points. The ratio represents a percentage of missing access points for the particular level of the space.
US09107041B2 Systems and methods for determining a user equipment location based on measurements from multiple base stations
Methods and systems for determining a location of a UE includes receiving UE position information from a UE being serviced by a plurality of base stations. The UE position information may include a signal reception time and a signal transmission time or a timing advance for at least two of the plurality of base stations. The signal transmission time being a measured time for a signal being transmitted by the UE to be received by a base station, the signal reception time being a measured time for a signal being transmitted by the base station to be received by the UE, and the timing advance being a difference between the signal transmission time and the signal reception time for the base station. The method may include determining a location of the UE based on the received UE position information.
US09107040B2 Systems, methods, and computer readable media for sharing awareness information
Systems, methods, and computer readable media for sharing awareness information are provided. A non-aware electronic device can require awareness information including, for example, information about its environment or information about its status within its environment, in order to perform a particular device operation. When the non-aware device lacks an awareness component for detecting the required type of awareness information, the non-aware device can establish a communications path with an aware device that includes such an appropriate awareness component. The aware device can share the required type of awareness information as captured by its awareness component with the non-aware device. The distance between the non-aware device and the aware device can be less than a threshold distance to ensure that the shared awareness information is relevant to the non-aware device.
US09107038B1 Roaming control system and method for a roaming wireless communication device
A roaming control system and method for a roaming WCD while roaming away from the home wireless access network are provided. The roaming control system in one example embodiment includes a communication interface configured to exchange communications with the WCD and with other wireless access networks and a processing system coupled to the communication interface, with the processing system configured to ping the roaming WCD at predetermined time intervals, if the ping was successful, record a WCD roaming location using a ping response, if the ping was successful, provide WCD roaming control information to a visited wireless access network where the roaming WCD is currently located, and if the ping was unsuccessful, then broaden a search scope and repeat the pinging.
US09107034B2 Emergency broadcasting systems and methods
Emergency broadcasting systems and methods are described herein. One system includes an anchor access point configured to detect an emergency event and send a message relating to the emergency event to a number of location tags located within a predetermined area of the anchor access point.
US09107030B2 Communication system for sending advertisements based on location determination and previously specified user selections
Disclosed is a wireless communication system that is used with a wireless communication device and a position location system, the wireless communication device being capable of communicating with the position location system. The wireless communication system includes a memory device for storing position locations of the wireless communication device and for storing transactions made relating to the wireless communication device, a processor for determining trends by recalling stored information from the memory device and processing the recalled information, and a transmitter for transmitting targeted broadcasts to the wireless communication device based on the current location of the communication device.
US09107029B2 One-to-many 2.4G wireless computer peripheral communication device and transmission method thereof
The present invention relates to the wireless transmission technology. Disclosed is a one-to-many 2.4G wireless computer peripheral communication device, which includes a 2.4G wireless USB transmit-receive adapter connected with a USB interface of an intelligent appliance and more than one 2.4G wireless computer peripheral cooperated with the USB transmit-receive adapter. Also disclosed is a transmission method of one-to-many 2.4G wireless computer peripheral communication device, which includes the following steps: (1) presetting an occupied time period of each 2.4G wireless computer peripheral; (2) selecting a channel; (3) establishing a channel; and (4) transmitting data. The present invention enables a USB transmit-receive adapter to communicate with more than one peripheral, and has the advantages that the wireless signal is steady, all the peripherals work at the same time without interfering with each other and it is convenient to add computer peripherals.
US09107027B2 Wireless connector
Some demonstrative embodiments include a wireless connector and devices and/or systems utilizing one or more wireless connectors. For example, a device may include a wireless connector to be coupled to another device for communicating data with the other device, the wireless connector including a wireless communication unit to communicate the data over a wireless communication link, for example, a short-range wireless communication link, e.g. at a multi-gigabit-per second (MGbs) rate.
US09107024B2 Communication system, information processing apparatus, mobile terminal, and input method
A device control middleware 130 in a mobile terminal 10 converts ability information and input information (for example, pressing of a key) of various input devices of the mobile terminal 10 into an analyzable form, and transmits the converted information to a PC 20. A virtual device middleware 230 in the PC 20 analyzes the information received from the device control middleware 130 and supplies the information extracted by the analysis as input information of a JAVA application 250.
US09107023B2 N surround
Techniques are provided to use near-field speakers to add depth information that may be missing, incomplete, or imperceptible in far-field sound waves from far-field speakers, and to remove the multi-channel cross talk and reflected sound waves that otherwise may be inherent in a listening space with the far-field speakers alone. In some possible embodiments, a calibration tone may be monitored at each of a listener's ears. The calibration tone may be emitted by two or more far-field speakers. One or more audio portions from two or more near-field speakers may be outputted based on results of monitoring the calibration tone.
US09107013B2 Hearing prosthesis with a piezoelectric actuator
A hearing prosthesis including an actuator. The actuator includes a material that deforms in response to an electrical signal and that is adapted to, upon implantation in a recipient, transmit vibrations representative of a sound signal to an organ of the recipient, wherein the material is at least partially exposed to at least one of body tissue and fluid of the recipient.
US09107009B2 Silicon condenser microphone
A silicon condenser microphone is disclosed. The microphone includes a transducer, an IC chip, a first board, a second board spaced from the first board by a frame, and a third board located between the first board and the second board. A cavity is accordingly formed by the first board, the frame and the third board to accommodate the transducer and the IC chip. The IC chip is electrically connected to a surface of the third board facing the second board. The microphone provides an enlarged back volume to the transducer and provides the transducer with a shield against electro-magnetic interference. A manufacturing process is also disclosed.
US09107003B2 Extended duct with damping for improved speaker performance
An electronic audio device including an enclosure having an acoustic output opening and a speaker positioned within the enclosure. The speaker and the acoustic output opening are acoustically coupled by an acoustic output pathway. The acoustic output pathway includes a damping chamber to dampen a resonance frequency of the acoustic output pathway. The speaker is between the damping chamber and the acoustic output opening.
US09107001B2 Earphones having configurable microphone arrays
Accessories for a telephone include at least one earphone and at least one microphone array having multiple microphones used to generate outgoing audio signals for (i) processing by a signal processor and (ii) transmission by the telephone. In one embodiment, two earphones are connected by two corresponding wires, and two microphone arrays, respectively connected to the two wires, are mechanically and electronically configurable in a plurality of use modes to generate outgoing audio signals for processing by the signal processor. The use modes include one or more and possibly all of a single-sided mode, a two-sided mode, an enhanced directivity mode, a stereo recording mode, a multichannel recording mode, a conference mode, and a two-dimensional-array mode, where one of the use modes is automatically detected by the signal processor based on the audio signals generated by the two microphone arrays.
US09107000B2 Wireless digital audio music system
A wireless digital audio system includes a portable audio source with a digital audio transmitter operatively coupled thereto and an audio receiver operatively coupled to a headphone set. The audio receiver is configured for digital wireless communication with the audio transmitter. The digital audio receiver utilizes fuzzy logic to optimize digital signal processing. Each of the digital audio transmitter and receiver is configured for code division multiple access (CDMA) communication. The wireless digital audio system allows private audio enjoyment without interference from other users of independent wireless digital transmitters and receivers sharing the same space.
US09106999B2 Noise reducing earphone
Earphone apparatus (10) comprising: a body (20) configured to be inserted at least in part into an auditory canal of a user's ear, the body (20) housing a driver (30) and defining a passageway (40) connecting the driver (30) to an opening (50) in the body (20) for allowing sound generated by the driver (30) to pass into the auditory canal of the user's ear; and a sensing microphone (60) coupled to the body (20) for providing a feedback signal to a signal processor, the sensing microphone (60) comprising a sensing element (62)(62′)(62″) positioned to sense sound present in the auditory canal of the user's ear; wherein the sensing element (62) (62′)(62″) is spaced from the driver (30).
US09106995B2 Repositionable control system and method for using the same
A system for controlling one or more functions of an electronic device is disclosed. The system includes an electrical cable configured to be selectively coupled to the electronic device and transmit electrical signals to and from the electronic device; at least two electrical conductors electrically coupled to the electrical cable; and a repositionable control device selectively coupled to the at least two electrical conductors. The repositionable control device is configured to control the one or more functions associated with the electronic device.
US09106989B2 Adaptive-noise canceling (ANC) effectiveness estimation and correction in a personal audio device
Techniques for estimating adaptive noise canceling (ANC) performance in a personal audio device, such as a wireless telephone, provide robustness of operation by triggering corrective action when ANC performance is low, and/or by saving a state of the ANC system when ANC performance is high. An anti-noise signal is generated from a reference microphone signal and is provided to an output transducer along with program audio. A measure of ANC gain is determined by computing a ratio of a first indication of magnitude of an error microphone signal that provides a measure of the ambient sounds and program audio heard by the listener including the effects of the anti-noise, to a second indication of magnitude of the error microphone signal without the effects of the anti-noise. The ratio can be determined for different frequency bands in order to determine whether particular adaptive filters are trained properly.
US09106987B2 Handling power dissipation in a multi microspeaker module
Embodiments of the invention include a micro speaker assembly that has two drivers, each having a separate yoke, set of magnets, voice coil, and acoustic diaphragms. One driver may produce high frequency (HF) sound while the other produces low frequency (LF) sound. The two drivers may be packaged, side-by-side, within the same micro speaker acoustic enclosure. The drivers may have their respective magnet systems physically connected to each other, in order to enhance heat transfer from one to the other. In particular, a thermally conductive portion or bridge may be used to directly join or thermally connect adjacent edges of the yoke portions of the two magnet systems, in order to enhance heat transfer between the first and second micro speaker drivers. Thus, the assembly can handle more power without overheating. Other embodiments are also described and claimed.
US09106986B2 Headphone with integrated receiver
A portable headset device worn in an as-used position on the head of a user, which has an RF Receiver, configured to receive media in the form of electronic audio and video RF transmission, from local TV and Satellite broadcasts, and communicate an audio feed to speakers on the headset and concurrently communicate a video feed to an electronic device having a display for a concurrent viewing a depiction of the video feed relating to the audio feed being listened to on speakers of said headset.
US09106985B2 Networking device port multiplexing
A pair of ports of a first networking device operate up to a first throughput. An input port of a multiplexer connects to one of these ports, and the multiplexer also has a pair of output ports. An output port of another, second network device connects to one of the first networking device's and also to one of the multiplexer's output ports. These ports operate up to a second, greater throughput. An output port of yet another, third network device also connects to one of the multiplexer's output ports, and operates up to a third throughput no greater than the first throughput.
US09106982B2 Optical-electrical switching node
An electro-optical switch (170) for receiving N data streams optically, each of said N data streams having an amplitude and a phase and each being located at an optical center frequency FO1+RFM, where FO1 is a first optical modulation frequency and RFM is a signal center frequency. The electro-optical switch is arranged to convert the N data streams to electrical data signals at the data stream's signal center frequency RFM, the electrical data signals having the amplitude and phase of the optical data stream. The electro-optical switch is further arranged to convert electrical data signals to optical output signals at optical center frequency FO2+RFOut with the amplitude and phase of the first electrical data signal maintained, and to transmit the optical output signals, with RFM and RFOut, being equal to or different from each other, and FO1 and FO2 also being equal to or different from each other.
US09106980B2 Communications system
An apparatus and method for monitoring energy storage devices is disclosed. A monitoring system that monitors an energy storage device collects and stores operating data from the device and relays that data through a communications system to one or more servers. The servers can store the operating data from each of the monitored energy storage devices.
US09106979B2 Sentiment mapping in a media content item
A media content item is evaluated for its “sentiment states.” That is, segments of the content item are determined to be, for example, “happy,” “exciting,” “sad,” “funny,” and the like. A “sentiment map” is created that delimits segments of the content item and contains the sentiment-state keywords associated with the segments. Some maps include an amplitude for each assigned sentiment keyword and a confidence value for the segment delimitation and for each keyword. As an exemplary use of the sentiment map, an advertisement broker matches the sentiments of his advertisement offerings with segments of a content item in order to place appropriate advertisements at times when they would be most favorably received. In another example, a recommender system recommends to a user a content item whose sentiment map compares favorably to that of a content item already enjoyed by the user.
US09106978B2 Program telecast monitoring using watermarks
Methods, apparatus and articles of manufacture for program telecast monitoring using watermarks are disclosed. Example methods disclosed herein to watermark media can include encoding the media with a sequence of watermarks, a watermark in the sequence of watermarks including payload data identifying the media. Such example methods can also include, modifying the sequence of watermarks to further include a data pattern associated with a particular transmission of the media. In some examples, respective watermarks in the sequence of watermarks are to be modified to include respective portions of the data pattern, wherein the respective portions, when combined, form the data pattern.
US09106972B2 Social networking for bandwidth conservation in video on demand systems
A method is disclosed for using social networking information to conserve bandwidth in a video-on-demand (VOD) system operated by a service provider. In a VOD server system, a request for a VOD content item is accepted from a first client system associated with a user of the VOD system. A list of social networking friends of the user is obtained. A node-sharing group of the list of social networking friends is determined. The node-sharing group includes the first client system and zero or more client systems sharing a distribution node of the VOD server system with the first client system. A video delivery start message is sent through the shared distribution node to each client system in the node-sharing group.
US09106969B2 Filtering
An alert generation method and system. The method includes receiving by a computer processor, alert data indicating filters for specified alert types associated with possible future events. The computer processor receives monitor definition data and media generated audio/video data; compares the alert data to the media generated audio/video data; determines a first alert type matches first audio/video data of the media generated audio/video data; and determines that the first audio/video data comprises a primary event. The computer processor broadcasts the primary event.
US09106968B2 Method and system for content recording and indexing
The present invention relates to a method for a control point of initiating actions on a device in a communication network comprising at least two control points both adapted to control said device. Further, the present invention relates to a method for a device of initiating actions on said device in a communication network comprising at least two control points both adapted to control said device. Further, the present invention relates to a control point of initiating actions on a device in a communication network comprising at least two control point both adapted to control said device. Further, the present invention relates to a device in a communication network comprising at least two control points both adapted to control said device based on action requests received from a control point along with control point identification.
US09106964B2 Enhanced content distribution using advertisements
Methods, devices, and computer program products are provided to enhance viewing of an entertainment content in the presence of advertisements. At a compliant device, an indication is received that the entertainment content is associated with a content policy information relating to presentation of advertisements during, or prior to, presentation of the entertainment content. A further indication is received that the entertainment content is associated with an advertisement award program. An advertisement award program message provides that the advertisements may be presented in a modified form in exchange for a specific number of award points. Upon receiving an indication agreeing to such an exchange, advertisements are allowed to be presented in a modified form. The content policy information can be ascertained through extraction of watermarks embedded in the advertisements or the entertainment content and/or through computation and matching of fingerprints associated with the advertisements or the entertainment content.
US09106963B2 Player-side cache
A method includes steps of opening a link between a player's appliance and a network-connected server providing games, selecting a game to play by the player through an interface provided to the player's appliance by the server, transmitting virtual world data by the server to the player's appliance, along with a version identification, storing the virtual world data and associated version identification in a cache at the player's appliance, playing the game by the player using the player's appliance, and suspending play of the game by the player.
US09106961B2 Method, system, and apparatus for marking point of interest video clips and generating composite point of interest video in a network environment
A method is provided in one example and includes receiving an indication of a start of a point of interest associated with a portion of a video presentation, and determining a start time relative to a start time of the video presentation. The method further includes receiving an indication of an end time of the point of interest, and determining an end time of the point of interest relative to the start time of the video presentation. The method still further includes generating point of interest data that includes the start time and end time of the point of interest, and sending the point of interest data to a processing device. The processing device generates a composite point of interest video including the portion of the video presentation associated with the point of interest.
US09106960B2 Reducing media content size for transmission over a network
A device receives an indication that a user of the device wishes to share media content with another user. The device identifies a size associated with the media content and an acceptable media content size for successful transmission over a communication network. The size associated with the media content is compared with the acceptable media content size to determine whether the size associated with the media content exceeds the acceptable media content size. Upon determining that the size associated with the media content exceeds the acceptable media content size, the device enables the user of the device to reduce the size of the media content to the acceptable media content size. The user is enabled to graphically determine when the media content is reduced to the acceptable media content size.
US09106958B2 Video recommendation based on affect
Analysis of mental states is provided to enable data analysis pertaining to video recommendation based on affect. Video response may be evaluated based on viewing and sampling various videos. Data is captured for viewers of a video where the data includes facial information and/or physiological data. Facial and physiological information may be gathered for a group of viewers. In some embodiments, demographics information is collected and used as a criterion for visualization of affect responses to videos. In some embodiments, data captured from an individual viewer or group of viewers is used to rank videos.
US09106956B2 Method for displaying program information and image display apparatus thereof
A method and apparatus for displaying information are discussed. According to an embodiment, the method includes obtaining, by an image display apparatus, viewing history information on a plurality of programs or channels based on a previous viewing of the plurality of programs or channels; generating priority information for the programs or channels based on the obtained viewing history information; and visually indicating, on a display unit of the apparatus, a plurality items corresponding respectively to the plurality of programs or channels to be distinct from each other according to the generated priority information.
US09106954B2 Set top box with capability to support user identification
A method includes receiving a request related to a set top box, the request having a public identifier of the set top box and a user account identifier. The public identifier is accessible by a user associated with the set top box. The method also includes accessing a user record, corresponding to a location, from a database of user records. The method further includes determining, from the user record, a private identifier of the set top box corresponding to the public identifier of the set top box, wherein the private identifier is unique to the set top box among a set of set top boxes associated with the user record and the private identifier is inaccessible by the user and using the private identifier to perform an action related to the set top box in response to the request.
US09106953B2 Media monitoring based on predictive signature caching
Methods, apparatus, systems and articles of manufacture for media monitoring based on predictive signature caching are disclosed. Disclosed example methods to monitor media via a meter include comparing, at the meter, a set of site signatures generated by the meter for a first time period with a first set of reference signatures representative of reference media predicted to be presented during the first time period. Such example methods also include, when a first subset of the site signatures is determined to match a first subset of reference signatures from the first set, reporting, via the meter, metering data indicating that first reference media represented by the first subset of reference signatures was presented during the first time period. Such example methods further include, when the set of site signatures fails to match the first subset of reference signatures, reporting, via the meter, the set of site signatures.
US09106949B2 Creating and viewing customized multimedia segments
A system for creating and viewing customized multimedia segments allows a user to create event identification data from in-band data in a program stream. The in-band data is processed and compiled into event identification data associated with the content stream. The event identification data identifies patterns or sequences of in-band data associated with events in the content stream. Metadata are also included in the event identification data. The event identification data is provided to multimedia devices which receive multimedia content streams containing content streams with in-band data. The in-band data are parsed and compared to the event identification data. If a match occurs, the multimedia device uses the metadata to identify events or perform specified actions.
US09106945B2 Electronic apparatus and method of controlling electronic apparatus
An electronic apparatus and a method of controlling the electronic apparatus are provided. The method includes: receiving a voice command; and if the voice command is a first voice start command, changing a mode of the electronic apparatus to a first voice task mode in which the electronic apparatus is controlled according to further voice input, and if the voice command is a second voice start command, changing the mode of the electronic apparatus to a second voice task mode in which the electronic apparatus is controlled according to the further voice input received via an external apparatus which operates with the electronic apparatus. Therefore, providing efficiency and flexibility in controlling the electronic apparatus by using a microphone of the electronic apparatus or a microphone of the external apparatus.
US09106944B2 Display apparatus and control method thereof
A display apparatus and a control method thereof are provided. The display apparatus includes: a signal receiver which receives an input signal corresponding to a user's input, from at least one of a plurality of input devices receiving the user's input; a display unit which displays thereon information on the plurality of input devices; and a controller which identifies whether the plurality of input devices are capable of receiving the user's input, and displays on the display unit connection information displaying at least one of the plurality of input devices which is capable of receiving the user's input. Accordingly, information on a plurality of input devices which are capable of controlling the display apparatus are displayed on the apparatus.
US09106943B2 Sharing of subscriber-recorded digital video recorder content
Digital data associated with recorded programs are uploaded to a Head End facility from user devices (e.g., set-top boxes) in a media distribution network. The Head End facility stores a library of the Digital Video Recording (DVR) assets for programs and makes them available, by streaming, to user devices, including user devices that do not have DVR capability. Techniques are also provided to efficiently upload a DVR asset simultaneously in segments or chunks from multiple user devices.
US09106940B2 Methods and apparatus for customizing video services provided to customers in hotels
Methods and apparatus facilitating sharing of customer information known to a video service provider which services a customer's home, with a hotel chain at which the customer is staying as a guest, are described. Disclosure of information about the customer's home service may, and in some embodiments is, limited to information directly related to providing the customer personalized video service. Information known about a guest by the guest's home video service provider is extended to the hotel by allowing that guest's home channel-watching preferences to be retrieved and stored within the hotel system. Based on the information retrieved from the cable operator or other service provider, when a guest is checked into a room, the STB (or other video-delivery/rendering device) used at the hotel is customized so that, channels are made available on the TV for channel surfing in the manner normally seen at the guest's home.
US09106939B2 Location-based program listing
Disclosed are methods that aid users, especially users temporarily staying in locations remote from home, in finding and accessing media content. A program listing tailored for the user's current location, and showing only services actually available at that location, is created and presented to the user. In some embodiments, the user interacts with the listing to access available media content items. If the user has expressed specific location-based preferences, then those preferences can be taken into account when creating the listing. If a service subscribed to by the user is not available at this remote location, then an alternate provider will be searched for, and, if found, the user's favorite shows can be added to the created program listing.
US09106934B2 Distribution of adaptive bit rate live streaming video via hyper-text transfer protocol
A system, method and apparatus of distributing a video stream is provided. At a publishing point relay, a plurality of video files encoded from a portion of the video stream from a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) Live Streaming (HLS) Adaptive Bit Rate (ABR) encoding device are received. Each of the encoded video files having a different bit-rate, the encoded video files received using a protocol for transferring files. Edge publishing point servers are determined that are registered with the publishing point relay to distribute the audio/video stream. Each of the encoded video files received by the publishing point relay are relayed to each of the determined edge publishing points as each video file is received from the HTTP ABR encoding device.
US09106932B2 Parallel pyramid entropy coding for video and image compression
Methods, systems, and computer program products are provided to divide code blocks, such as blocks of quantized coefficient of image or video data, into smaller blocks and sub-blocks that can be processed in parallel using layered entropy coding and decoding scheme. This division is accomplished while still encoding the entire code block using the same layered entropy coding scheme.
US09106930B2 Video encoding method, video decoding method, and device using same
The video encoding method comprises the steps of specifying a tile and a slice by partitioning an inputted picture; performing encoding on the basis of the tile and the slice, and transmitting the encoded video information. Here, the picture is partitioned into one or more tiles and one or more slices, and the restrictions for parallel processing can be applied to the tiles and the slices.
US09106924B2 Method and apparatus for encoding and decoding motion vector by predicting motion vector according to mode
Provided are methods and apparatuses for encoding and decoding a motion vector. The method of encoding a motion vector includes: selecting a mode from among a first mode in which information indicating a motion vector predictor of at least one motion vector predictor is encoded and a second mode in which information indicating generation of a motion vector predictor based on pixels included in a previously encoded area adjacent to a current block is encoded; determining a motion vector predictor of the current block according to the selected mode and encoding information about the motion vector predictor of the current block; and encoding a difference vector between a motion vector of the current block and the motion vector predictor of the current block.
US09106917B2 Video encoding apparatus and video encoding method
A video encoding method and apparatus performing intra-frame prediction in units of a sub-block determined by any one of two or more block sizes is provided. The method includes generating a prediction image in each of a plurality of intra-frame prediction modes in units of the sub-block determined by each block size, calculating a first evaluation value on the basis of the difference images between an original image and the prediction images in the intra-frame prediction modes for the sub-blocks determined by each block size, accumulating values indicating frequency characteristics of the original image for the sub-blocks determined by each block size in units of a macroblock to obtain a second evaluation value, and selecting one of the two or more block sizes on the basis of the first evaluation values and the second evaluation values.
US09106911B2 Wireless communication device and wireless communication method
When controlling transmission channel parameters and video encoding parameters so as to be linked to each other in video transmission, the video quality on the receiving side is further improved. As a parameter control unit that controls video encoding parameters regarding video encoding in a video encoding unit and transmission channel parameters regarding error correction coding and modulation in a channel coding/modulation unit so as to be linked to each other, a cross layer rate control unit is provided. The cross layer rate control unit performs variable control of the GOP size according to propagation changes by reducing the GOP size when the predicted value of the PHY transmission rate is larger than a determined reference value and increasing the GOP size when the predicted value of the PHY transmission rate is equal to or less than the determined reference value.
US09106906B2 Image generation system, image generation method, and information storage medium
An image generation system includes an object space setting section that sets an object space in which a plurality of objects are disposed, and an image generation section that generates a first-viewpoint image viewed from a first viewpoint in the object space, and a second-viewpoint image viewed from a second viewpoint in the object space, the first viewpoint and the second viewpoint implementing stereovision. The image generation section performs a drawing process to generate the first-viewpoint image and the second-viewpoint image, the drawing process changing a display state of an object in a direction from an inner drawing area toward an area outside the inner drawing area, the inner drawing area being positioned within a common area of a first-viewpoint view volume corresponding to the first viewpoint and a second-viewpoint view volume corresponding to the second viewpoint.
US09106905B2 Layout method of sub-pixel renderings
A layout method of sub-pixel renderings includes the following steps: providing an RGB pixel rendering, wherein each pixel of the RGB pixel rendering includes a plurality of sub-pixels, and the plurality of sub-pixels have different colors from each other; and when displaying a stereo image, dividing the RGB pixel rendering into a first sub-pixel rendering corresponding to a left-eye image and a second sub-pixel rendering corresponding to a right-eye image; wherein at least one of each row and each column of the first sub-pixel rendering includes R, G, and B sub-pixels, and at least one of each row and each column of the second sub-pixel rendering includes R, G, and B sub-pixels.
US09106904B2 Display panel, display device, and electronic unit
A display panel includes: a panel section including a display region where a plurality of pixels are arranged, and a gap region provided in a gap between the pixels; and a barrier section including a plurality of transmissive regions in a two-dimensional arrangement, and a light-blocking region to be around each of the transmissive regions. The transmissive regions are each configured to make entirely visible any one of the pixels therethrough when a viewer views the panel section not from a front but from a first or second direction via the barrier section, the pixels are each configured by a plurality of sub-pixels varying in type, and the sub-pixels in each of the pixels are arranged not in stripes but differently.
US09106903B2 Head tracking eyewear system
In some embodiments, a system for tracking with reference to a three-dimensional display system may include a display device, an image processor, a surface including at least three emitters, at least two sensors, a processor. The display device may image, during use, a first stereo three-dimensional image. The surface may be positionable, during use, with reference to the display device. At least two of the sensors may detect, during use, light received from at least three of the emitters as light blobs. The processor may correlate, during use, the assessed referenced position of the detected light blobs such that a first position/orientation of the surface is assessed. The image processor may generate, during use, the first stereo three-dimensional image using the assessed first position/orientation of the surface with reference to the display. The image processor may generate, during use, a second stereo three-dimensional image using an assessed second position/orientation of the surface with reference to the display.
US09106902B2 Depth information detection apparatus and apparatus for obtaining 3-dimensional content using the same
An apparatus for obtaining 3D content is provided. The apparatus comprises: a lighting unit for outputting a lighting pattern having coordinate information; a depth sensor for receiving a returning beam output from the lighting unit and reflected from an object; a 2D image capturing unit for obtaining a second-dimensional image; a data processor for calculating the depth of each region using the distribution of characteristics represented on an image obtained by the depth sensor, and processing the 2D image data obtained by the 2D image capturing unit and the calculated depth data and encoding the same according to a predetermined format; and a controller for controlling the lighting unit, the 2D image capturing unit, and the data processor. The lighting unit comprises a light source and an optical element comprising a plurality of sub-grid regions for modulating beams coming from the light source.
US09106899B2 Image pickup apparatus
An apparatus has a synchronizing signal generator to which a trigger signal is input and that outputs a first synchronizing signal and a second synchronizing signal based on the trigger signal, an image pickup unit that has an image pickup surface, performs a first image picking-up based on the first synchronizing signal, and performs a second image picking-up based on the second synchronizing signal, and an image pickup element tilting unit that changes the angle of the image pickup surface relative to the optical axis during a period after the first image picking-up and before the second image picking-up.
US09106888B2 Reducing quantization artifacts using neighbor-based weighted dithering
The forward transform and quantization components of the video encoders described herein may modify the quantization typically performed by video encoders to reduce quantization artifacts. For example, for a given pixel in an image macroblock, noise may be generated based on information about pixels in the neighborhood of the given pixel (e.g., DC transform coefficients or quantization errors of the neighbor pixels and corresponding programmable weighting coefficient values for the neighbor pixels) and this noise may be added to the DC transform coefficient for the given pixel prior to performing quantization. The weighting coefficient values may be chosen to shape the noise added to the DC transform coefficient values (e.g., to apply a filter operation). When applied to a chroma component of an image frame, this neighbor-data-based dithering approach may reduce color banding artifacts. When applied to the luma component, it may reduce blocking artifacts.
US09106885B2 Recording/reproduction device, recording/reproduction method, television receiver, program, and recording medium
A television (1) of the present invention includes a CPU (118) which stores broadcast medium information and recording mode information in such a manner that the broadcast medium information and the recording mode information are related to a broadcast content and when the broadcast content is reproduced, automatically sets a degree of an image process carried out on the broadcast content by an image processing circuit (107) in accordance with the broadcast medium information and the recording mode information which are stored in such a manner as to be related to the broadcast content.
US09106878B2 Method and device for adjusting the color point of a lighting unit
A method for adjusting the color point of a lighting unit including semiconductor-based lasers for generating an RGB signal. The method may include supplying at least one component of the RGB signal to a sensor via a filter; and actuating at least one of the semiconductor-based lasers by means of a signal detected by the sensor.
US09106876B2 Image processing device setting color conversion method to method adequate for image to be converted
An image processing device includes a processor and a memory storing computer-readable instructions therein. The computer-readable instructions, when executed by the processor, cause the image processing device to perform: acquiring a plurality of hue values from a plurality of pixels of the image; determining an index value of the image based on the plurality of hue values, the index value representing a degree of change in hue of the image before and after executing a color conversion on the image; and setting a color conversion method to a first method when the index value represents that the degree of change in hue of the image is comparatively low, and setting the color conversion method to a second method when the index value represents that the degree of change in hue of the image is comparatively high.
US09106873B2 Methods and systems for providing enhanced content by way of a virtual channel
Exemplary methods and systems for providing enhanced content by way of a virtual channel are disclosed herein. An exemplary method includes a service provider subsystem providing a virtual channel, associating the virtual channel with a content provider, receiving enhanced content to be provided by way of the virtual channel from the content provider, associating one or more selectable triggers with the virtual channel, and providing a user with access to the enhanced content in response to a selection by the user of one of the one or more selectable triggers. Corresponding methods and systems are also disclosed.
US09106868B2 Image processing apparatus, control method therefor, and storage medium
An image processing apparatus includes an operating unit comprising a user interface configured to receive an operation from a user who has logged-in to the image processing apparatus, a job execution unit configured to execute a job based on the received operation, a determination unit configured to determine whether the job requires an instruction via the operating unit after detecting a logout event, and a control unit configured to, when the job is determined to require the instruction via the operation unit after the logout event has been detected, prevent a user's instruction-waiting state from occurring after the user has logged-out, and when the job is determined to not require the instruction via the operation unit after the logout event has been detected, allow the job to continue under execution after the user has logged-out. At least part of the control unit is implemented by a processor and a memory.
US09106867B2 Multi-tuner using interpolative dividers
An apparatus includes a splitter to receive a radio frequency (RF) signal and to provide the RF signal to multiple channels of a tuner. Each channel may include an amplifier to amplify the RF signal, a mixer to downconvert the amplified RF signal to a second frequency signal using a local oscillator (LO) signal, where each of the channels is configured to receive a different LO signal, a filter to filter the downconverted second frequency signal, and a digitizer to digitize the downconverted second frequency signal. A clock generation circuit has multiple interpolative dividers and a frequency synthesizer to generate a reference clock signal. Each of the interpolative dividers is configured to receive the reference clock signal, generate a corresponding LO signal, and provide the corresponding LO signal to the mixer of at least one of the channels.
US09106862B2 Print control device, inkjet recording apparatus, print control method, and printing system
A print control device communicably connected to an inkjet recording apparatus capable of performing form overlay printing for incorporating original document data into form data, the print control device comprising: a correction unit that performs head shading correction on the form data based on information of a characteristic of a nozzle of a recording head provided in the inkjet recording apparatus; a storage unit that stores the form data therein; and a control unit that, upon reception of information on another recording head different from the recording head, causes the correction unit to perform head shading correction on the form data stored in the storage unit based on information of a characteristic of a nozzle of the another recording head, and causes a transmission unit to transmit, to the inkjet recording apparatus, the original document data and corrected form data corresponding to the another recording head.
US09106861B2 Method and apparatus for controlling adjustment of image parameters and image formation and an image apparatus including the game
An image forming control device and an image forming control method control an image forming apparatus that forms an image at every scanning line. The image forming control device includes a pixel data generation controller and an image forming mechanism controller. The pixel data generation controller receives data of an image to be formed and an instruction for image formation, and generates image data to be input to an image forming mechanism that forms an image on a recording medium. The pixel data includes data of each pixel that makes up the image to be formed. The image forming mechanism controller controls image formation performed by the image forming mechanism according to the generated pixel data.
US09106859B2 Solid-state image pickup device with plurality of converters
A solid-state image pickup device includes a column ADC realizing higher precision and higher-speed conversion. Converters converts a signal of each pixels output via a corresponding vertical read line to a digital value by sequentially executing first to N-th (N: integer of three or larger) conversion stages. In the first to (N−1)th conversion stages, each converter determines a value of upper bits including the most significant bit of a digital value by comparing the voltage at a retention stage with a reference voltage while changing the voltage at a retention node. In the N-th conversion stage, each converter determines a value of remaining bits to the least significant bit by comparing the voltage at the retention node with the reference voltage while continuously changing the voltage at the retention node in a range of the voltage step in the (N−1)th conversion stage or a range exceeding the range.
US09106858B2 Image sensor, method of operating the same, and image processing system including the same
The image sensor includes a pixel array including a plurality of unit pixels each including a single transistor and a photodiode connected to a body of the single transistor, a row driver block configured to enable one of a plurality of rows in the pixel array to enter a readout mode, and a readout block configured to sense and amplify a pixel signal output from each of a plurality of unit pixels included in the row that has entered the readout mode.
US09106856B2 Solid-state imaging device and imaging apparatus
A solid-state imaging device includes: an imaging region; a peripheral circuit region; photodiodes arranged in rows and columns in the imaging region; output circuits in the imaging region for outputting, to the outside of the imaging region, pixel signals corresponding to electric charges photoelectrically converted in the photodiodes; a read circuit in the peripheral circuit region for reading the pixel signals from the imaging region; and signal lines extending in a column direction to connect output circuits to the read circuit. One pixel cell includes two photodiodes adjacent in a row direction and an output circuit. An output circuit in a first pixel cell is adjacent, in the row direction, to a second pixel cell adjacent to the first pixel cell in the column direction and shifting from the first pixel cell by one column of the photodiodes in the row direction.
US09106852B2 Ad converter, signal processing method, solid-state imaging device, and electronic apparatus
Provided is an AD converter including a first AD converting unit in which pixel columns of a pixel array are divided into at least two groups, and that compares a first ramp signal and a first pixel signal output from a first group of the pixel columns and performs AD conversion on the first pixel signal; and a second AD converting unit that compares a second ramp signal and a second pixel signal output from a second group of the pixel columns and performs AD conversion on the second pixel signal, in which the first ramp signal is a signal of which a level is decreased with a constant slope over time in a D-phase period for detecting a signal level of a pixel signal, and the second ramp signal is a signal of which a level is increased with a constant slope over time in the D-phase period.
US09106848B2 Optical unit and endoscope including the optical unit
An optical unit includes: a plurality of lenses that form an object image on an image plane that is a light-receiving surface of a CCD; an aperture diaphragm; and an infrared absorption filter disposed on the image plane side relative to the aperture diaphragm, the infrared absorption filter including coating surfaces resulting from a YAG laser cut-off film and an LD laser cut-off film that each cut off predetermined laser light being formed respectively, and an F number FNO, a maximum image height IH, and a distance Δd between a paraxial image formation position in a ghost optical path on which a light beam emitted from the aperture diaphragm BI is reflected by the image plane and further reflected by the coating surface and reaches the image plane again and the image plane satisfy (Expression 1): 0.75<|FNO·IH/Δd|<2.0  (Expression 1).
US09106841B2 Methods and apparatus for high speed camera
In exemplary implementations of this invention, a light source illuminates a scene and a light sensor captures data about light that scatters from the scene. The light source emits multiple modulation frequencies, either in a temporal sequence or as a superposition of modulation frequencies. Reference signals that differ in phase are applied to respective subregions of each respective pixel. The number of subregions per pixel, and the number of reference signals per pixel, is preferably greater than four. One or more processors calculate a full cross-correlation function for each respective pixel, by fitting light intensity measurements to a curve, the light intensity measurements being taken, respectively, by respective subregions of the respective pixel. The light sensor comprises M subregions. A lenslet is placed over each subregion, so that each subregion images the entire scene. At least one temporal sequence of frames is taken, one frame per subregion.
US09106836B2 Imaging apparatus, control method for the same, and recording medium, where continuous shooting or single shooting is performed based on touch
A shooting target detection unit detects a main shooting target from a position where a touch-down operation is performed on a touch panel. A system control device causes a ranging control device and an exposure control device to perform AF processing and AE processing on the main shooting target. The system control device displays a continuous shooting switch near the touched position. The system control device performs continuous shooting if a user moves his/her finger to the continuous shooting switch and then performs a touch-up operation. Whereas, the system control device performs single shooting if the user performs the touch-up operation without moving his/her finger to the continuous shooting switch.
US09106834B2 Image display controller capable of providing excellent visibility of display area frames, image pickup apparatus, method of controlling the image display controller, and storage medium
An image display controller capable of providing excellent visibility of a face display frame and a human display frame associated with an object. The image display controller detects an object in an image, and identifies a face area of the object distinguishably from a human body area exclusive of the face area. Further, the image display controller generates a face display frame for enclosing the face area and a human body display frame for enclosing the human body area. Then, the image display controller displays the face display frame and the human body display frame on a screen together with the image.
US09106831B2 Image capturing apparatus capable of capturing panoramic image
A digital camera includes an image capturing unit, an image composition unit, and a display control unit. The image capturing unit captures frames at predetermined time intervals. The image composition unit sequentially combines at least a part of image data from image data of a plurality of frames sequentially captured by the image capturing unit at predetermined time intervals. The display control unit performs control to sequentially display image data combined by the image composition unit while the image data of the frames are captured by the image capturing unit at predetermined time intervals.
US09106829B2 Apparatus and method for providing guide information about photographing subject in photographing device
An apparatus and method for photographing a subject in a photographing device are provided. The method includes determining a capture pose; determining a pose of a subject for photographing; and photographing the subject automatically based on a similarity between the capture pose and the pose of the subject.
US09106828B2 Mobile terminal and ineffective region setting method
A mobile phone 10 includes a camera control circuit 40 to which an image sensor 42, etc. are connected. If and when a camera function is performed, a through image is displayed on a display 30 on which a touch panel 38 is provided. At a time that the through image is being displayed, if and when a touch operation for designating a region after a touch operation is performed onto a setting key 70, an ineffective region 74 is set within a touch range of the touch panel 38. An imaging key 64 and a cancel key 72 are displayed in the effective region within the touch range excepting the ineffective region.
US09106827B2 Image capturing apparatus and method of controlling the same
An image capturing apparatus having an image sensor including focus detection pixels capable of outputting a pair of image signals for focus detection determines whether each line of the pixels of the image sensor is an addition/non-addition line that outputs the image signal suitable/unsuitable for detection of a correlation amount, obtains the correlation amount for each addition line based on the pair of image signals, add the obtained correlation amount of the addition line, counts the number of addition lines, obtains a defocus amount based on the added correlation amount, and drives a focus lens based on the defocus amount when a product of an evaluation value representing reliability of the defocus amount and a predetermined standard number of additions is smaller than the product of the number of addition lines and a standard evaluation value representing a predetermined evaluation value.
US09106818B2 Display device with camera and transmission unit for automatically adjusting camera angle
An exemplary display device includes a display housing, a camera, a bracket and a transmission unit connected between the camera and the bracket. The transmission unit includes a camera rotation unit, a bracket rotation unit and a linkage unit. The camera rotation unit is fixed on the display housing and connected with the camera. The bracket rotation unit is fixed on the display housing and rotatably connected with the bracket. The linkage unit interconnects the camera rotation unit and the bracket rotation unit. When the display housing is rotated, the bracket rotation unit rotates in unison with the display housing relative to the bracket, the bracket rotation unit drives the camera rotation unit to rotate via the linkage unit, and the camera rotation unit drives the camera to rotate thereby adjusting an angle of the camera relative to the display housing.
US09106817B2 In-vehicle camera device
An in-vehicle camera device includes: a conductive silicone member including a silicone body made from insulating silicone material and a conductive portion which is embedded in the silicone body so as to expose both ends of the conductive portion to opposing surfaces of the silicone body; a circuit substrate having an image pickup device and a substrate terminal which is arranged so as to make contact with the end of the conductive portion on one surface of the silicone body; a terminal holder having a contact face configured to make contact with the other surface of the silicone body; and harness terminals held by the terminal holder. Each harness terminal includes a front end retained on the contact face of the terminal holder. The front end of each harness terminal is positioned in a same plane with the contact face of the terminal holder.
US09106811B2 Generalized normalization for image display
Certain aspects relate to a method and system whereby any defined system characteristic, property, or parameter can be normalized for farther improving the displayed image quality. The normalization processing can use a generalized calibration process and can normalize a system characteristic, or a system property, and/or parameter to result in a more uniform or accurately displayed image using a generalized image processing method.
US09106810B1 Maritime safety systems for crew and passengers
A fall detection and recovery system includes cameras positioned around a perimeter of a vessel. The system analyzes video from the cameras to detect a falling object from the vessel and records a geolocation of the vessel at a time of falling of the object. The system applies environmental readings to evolve a recovery location for the falling object from the time of falling to a present time.
US09106806B2 Image sensing device
The image sensing device (1) includes: a vessel holding portion (32) that holds a culture vessel (S); a swing portion (60) in which the vessel holding portion (32) is provided; a vibration application portion (50); an image sensing portion (10) that senses an image of the cells within the culture vessel (S); an image correction portion (4) that uses images at a plurality of image sensing places which include at least one image sensed by the image sensing portion (10) during vibration so as to correct a displacement between the images caused as a result of the image sensing places being different; and an image processing portion (5) that uses the image sensed by the image sensing portion (10) and the image corrected by the image correction portion (4) so as to distinguish between a state of floatation of the cells and a state of adherence thereof.
US09106804B2 Synthesizing a presentation of a multimedia event
Example embodiments of a media synchronization system and method for synthesizing a presentation of a multimedia event are generally described herein. In some example embodiments, the media synchronization system includes a media ingestion module to access a plurality of media clips received from a plurality of client devices, a media analysis module to determine a temporal relation between a first media clip from the plurality of media clips and a second media clip from the plurality of media clips, and a content creation module to align the first media clip and the second media clip based on the temporal relation, and to combine the first media clip and the second media clip to generate the presentation.
US09106802B2 Dual-type of playback for multimedia content
Using multimedia data for both continuous playback and streaming playback purposes, including: encoding an elementary stream of multimedia content into a fixed length of a group of pictures; multiplexing the encoded multimedia content into a transport stream; locating data offsets of each GOP header inside the transport stream; and uploading the data offsets along with the transport stream to a server. Continuous and streaming playback of multimedia content.
US09106801B2 Terminals, servers, and methods that find a media server to replace a sensed broadcast program/movie
A wireless mobile terminal works with an identification server to automatically identify a broadcast program/movie and then identify and connect to a networked media server to receive the identified program/movie therefrom. The terminal generates data that characterizes content of a broadcast program/movie that is send by the terminal and is playing external thereto. The terminal transmits a message that includes the characterization data and a request for identification of a media server from which the broadcast program/movie can be received. The identification server identifies the broadcast program/movie, and identifies a user viewed location within the identified program/movie that corresponds to what was sensed by the terminal. The identification server identifies an Internet address of a media server from which the terminal can receive transmission of the identified program/movie. The identification server transmits a message to the terminal that identifies the identified program/movie, the user viewed location therein, and the Internet address of the media server. The terminal responds to the message by establishing a communication connection to the identified media server and requesting transmission therefrom of the identified program/movie starting from a location corresponding to the user viewed location.
US09106799B2 Transaction widgets
A content processing device is configured to receive data requested according to a specified parameter and also to receive an incoming video signal, and is further configured to receive a request to purchase at least one item after providing a data interface and at least a subset of the requested data for display on a video display.
US09106794B2 Record and playback in a conference
Various embodiments of systems, methods, and computer programs are disclosed for recording and playing back an online conference. One such method comprises: a conferencing system establishing an audio conference between a plurality of participants accessing the conferencing system via a communication network; the conferencing system presenting the audio conference and a conference interface displaying a participant object identifying each of the participants in the audio conference; synchronously recording the audio conference with content presented in the conference interface; storing the synchronized audio conference and content; and playing back the synchronized audio conference and content.
US09106792B2 Conference supporting system, control apparatus and input terminal
A conference supporting system includes plural input terminals and a control apparatus connected through a network. Each input terminal includes a processor and a display screen configured to allow a user to perform handwriting input thereon and to display the data. The processor of each input terminal is configured to perform making a user to choose who acquires an access right, making a request to acquire the access right to the control apparatus, and transmitting handwriting data to the control apparatus. The processor of the control apparatus is configured to perform granting an access right of a part or whole of the area determined by the user, giving one of the input terminals a notice about the granted access right, transmitting the handwriting data to other input terminals and operating the display screen of each of the other input terminals to display the handwriting data.
US09106791B2 Collaborative entertainment platform
Various systems and methods for a collaborative entertainment platform are herein described. A plurality of viewing devices configured to display images to respective screens may be identified. An application control command may be received from a viewing device in the plurality of viewing devices. An environmental indication may be received from at least one viewing device in the plurality of viewing devices. Display of a video stream may be synchronized at the plurality of viewing devices, where the video stream may include results of the application control command. The environmental indication may be presented to each viewing device in the plurality of viewing devices that is not the at least one viewing device.
US09106790B2 VoIP music conferencing system
A method includes sending a first message to a conference bridge from a first device. The first message includes an audio signal, a video signal, a musical instrument digital interface signal, or combinations thereof. The conference bridge establishes a voice over internet protocol call between the first device, a second device, and a mix controller external to the conference bridge. The method includes receiving a second message from the conference bridge at the first device. The second message comprises a mixed audio signal produced by the conference bridge from the first message and a third message received by the conference bridge from the second device. The mix controller sets a mixing level for each audio signal used to produce the mixed audio signal. The method also includes processing the second message via the first device to generate an output.
US09106788B2 Object tracking using momentum and acceleration vectors in a motion estimation system
A method and apparatus for motion estimation in a sequence of video images involves a) subdividing each field or frame of a sequence of video images into a plurality of blocks, b) assigning to each block in each video field or frame a respective set of candidate motion vectors, c) determining for each block in a current video field or frame, which of its respective candidate motion vectors produces a best match to a block in a previous video field or frame, d) forming a motion vector field for the current video field or frame using the thus determined best match vectors for each block, and e) forming a further motion vector field by storing a candidate motion vector derived from the best match vector at a block location offset by a distance derived from the candidate motion vector.
US09106787B1 Apparatus and method for media transmission bandwidth control using bandwidth estimation
A system, apparatus, and method for estimating available bandwidth for transmitting a media stream over a network, the media stream having a plurality of frames. One method includes receiving some of the plurality of frames, each frame of the plurality of frames having a inter-frame size differential and an inter-arrival time differential, detecting whether at least some of the inter-arrival time differentials are outside of a steady-state range using at least some of the inter-frame size differentials, and estimating an available bandwidth based on the detected change and using a processor.
US09106786B2 Ethernet-based image transmitting/receiving system
An Ethernet-based image transmitting/receiving system including a image transmitting device configured to generate and transmit a packet including at least one multiplexed signal of a luminance signal and a chrominance signal; an image receiving device configured to receive the packet, extract the luminance signal and the chrominance signal from the multiplexed signal of the packet, store the luminance signal and the chrominance signal, and output the luminance signal and the chrominance signal by synchronizing lines with each other based on the synchronization information; and an Ethernet cable configured to connect the image transmitting device to the image receiving device and transmit the packet.
US09106785B2 Solid state image pickup device having received light correction unit, camera module, and digital camera
According to an embodiment of the present invention, a solid state image pickup device is provided. The solid state image pickup device includes a plurality of photoelectric conversion elements, a light shielding unit, and a correction unit. The plurality of photoelectric conversion elements photoelectrically converts an incident light into charges corresponding to a received light amount. The light shielding unit is disposed in a light receiving surface side of a predetermined photoelectric conversion element of the plurality of photoelectric conversion elements and shields an incident light entering the predetermined photoelectric conversion element from a light receiving surface side. The correction unit corrects a received light amount of an incident light received by another photoelectric conversion element other than the predetermined photoelectric conversion element, based on a received light amount of an incident light received by the predetermined photoelectric conversion element.
US09106781B2 Function executing device with two types of interfaces for executing a communication with a terminal device
In a case where a first information including an execution request of a specific function via a first type of interface is received, a function executing device may execute a change process for changing an interface for communicating with a terminal device from the first type of interface to a second type of interface in a case where a state of the function executing device is determined as a non-error state. The function executing device may not execute the change process in a case where the state of the function executing device is determined as an error state. The specific function may include a communication process for communicating object data with the terminal device. The function executing device may execute the specific function including the communication process via the second type of interface in a case where the change process is being executed.
US09106778B2 Device and method for determining presence of a document to be imaged and providing a preview of the document
A previewing device that includes a covering member coupled to an imaging surface and a sensing unit operatively coupled to the covering member. The sensing unit is adapted to automatically capture an image corresponding to the imaging surface upon detecting the covering member is in a closed configuration. A preview unit is operatively coupled to the sensing unit is configured to display a preview of image data corresponding to an image on the imaging surface.
US09106776B2 Transmission device, video signal transmission method for transmission device, reception device, and video signal reception method for reception device
Methods and systems for allowing a contents list of a video camera recorder to be smoothly displayed on a television receiver and improve the performance of a selecting operation on video content by a user. A video camera recorder (source device) 10A and a television receiver (sink device) 30A are connected through an HDMI cable 1. The video camera recorder 10A is provided with an HDMI transmission unit (HDMI TX) 28 and a high-speed data line I/F 28A. The television receiver 30A is provided with an HDMI reception unit (HDMI RX) 32 and a high-speed data line I/F 32A. In response to a transmission request from the television receiver 30A side, the video camera recorder 10A transmits, at high speed, additional information (contents list and thumbnail data) to the television receiver 30A by using a high-speed data line constituted by specific lines of the HDMI cable 1.
US09106763B2 Advertising ringtone coverage
An apparatus, method and computer program for quantifying coverage of an advertising ringtone in a telephony system, the apparatus comprising: a receive component for receiving a request for an electronic device; a generate component, responsive to the receiver receiving the request, for playing the advertising ringtone on the electronic device; and a monitor component, responsive to the electronic device playing the advertising ringtone, for collecting coverage information from a personal device, wherein the monitor component comprises: a proximity component for identifying a local electronic resource; a select component, responsive to the proximity component identifying the local electronic resource, for determining the local electronic resource is the personal device; and a gather component, responsive to the select component determining the personal device, for gathering coverage information from the personal device.
US09106755B2 Method and system for a gateway transfer
Techniques for providing a gateway transfer mechanism are disclosed. In one particular exemplary embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a method, comprising identifying, at a gateway, a call to be routed to a first location, determining whether to transfer the call to a second location, in the event the call is to be transferred to the second location, transferring the call, wherein transferring the call comprises ending a process to route the call to the first location, generating transfer information for the second location, and transferring the call to the second location using the generated transfer information.
US09106751B2 Voicemail pausing
A method and system for automatically pausing a remote voicemail recording to answer an incoming call and to notify an incoming caller of a user voicemail interaction. A command to pause the voicemail recording can be determined by the user prior to establishing the voicemail recording. Upon receiving an incoming call the user can be notified of the incoming call prior to terminating the voicemail recording. The command for pausing voicemail recording can be sent to a voicemail system to pause the voicemail recording if the user opts to receive the incoming call. When the call is concluded, the user can be returned to the voicemail system with options such as resume recording, playback, delete, or cancel the message.
US09106748B2 Optimized predictive routing and methods
The methods, apparatus, and systems described herein facilitate optimizing routing decisions. The methods include retrieving and/or predicting a profile of a current customer and future customers, determining which agents are currently available and which agents are expected to be available, and providing a routing recommendation based on the profile retrieval or prediction for the current customer and the future customers, and the currently available agents' and expected available agents' proficiency at handling customers with the retrieved and/or predicted profiles.
US09106746B2 System and method for controlling calls for contact centers
A computer system for controlling calls to a call target, including a processor in communication with non-volatile memory, the non-volatile memory executing code including code for receiving call target information relating to the call target, code for accessing a database and retrieving a contact rate for a time period for the call target, code for placing a call target identifier in a queue indicating the call target will be called during the time period, when the time period has a contact rate greater than a threshold rate, code for placing a call to the call target during the time period, and code for updating the contact rate based on an outcome of the call.
US09106744B2 Interactive content for click-to-call calls
In a click-to-call (C2C) communication environment, a web client of a computing terminal is configured to initiate a C2C call when a user selects a call tag provided in a web page being presented to the user. The call is intended to be established between a remote endpoint associated with the call tag and one of either the computing terminal or another terminal associated with the user. If the C2C call is directed to an automated system and placed in a queue or on hold, the present invention allows supplemental content intended for the user to be delivered to the web client from which the C2C call was initiated. The web client may present the supplemental content to the user.
US09106743B2 Providing additional information to called parties
A system, method, and computer readable medium for providing additional information to called parties comprises receiving a call from a calling party, performing a lookup of information associated with the calling party in a database, receiving the information from the database, and forwarding the information to a called party. The system comprises at least one device for receiving a call from a calling party, and at least one database for storing information associated with the calling party, wherein the at least one device is operable to perform a lookup of information associated with the calling party in a database, receive the information from the database, and forward the information to a called party.
US09106741B2 Audio recording apparatus, audio recording method and audio recording program
An audio recording apparatus that includes: an acquisition part that acquires a fragment data set indicating an action of a switchboard to a call, and an execution time of the action; a history generation part that generates a historical data set indicating a history of response states of an agent to one call, from a plurality of fragment data sets acquired; a talking storage part that stores audio recording data of talking of the agent; a display control part that causes a link display image to be displayed on a display unit, the link display image indicating a link to the corresponding audio recording data, in association with historical display of response states of the agent, based on the historical data set; and a replaying part that replays the audio recording data, when the link display image is selected.
US09106736B1 Multiple interaction live monitoring
A system for multiple interaction live monitoring, comprising an interaction manager that receives an interaction from a contact center, a recording management server that monitors the interaction, and an administration interface that presents the monitored interaction for viewing by a human user, and a method for multiple interaction live monitoring.
US09106731B1 Identifying recorded call data segments of interest
A method and apparatus of processing a voice call are disclosed. One example method of operation may include recording at least a portion of a conference call and storing the portion of the conference call in memory. The method may also include processing the portion of the conference call to identify at least one segment of interest and adding the at least one segment of interest to an existing work order associated with a third party application. The method may further provide forwarding the at least one segment of interest to a third party computing device.
US09106730B2 Ornament holder for a cellphone
An ornament holder for a cellphone has a securing member, a connecting member, a cover, an insertion member and a plurality of loops. The cover and the connecting member each has a connector comprising a column, a positioning portion and an engaging portion, and connecting member and the securing member each comprise a concave portion configured to engage with a connector on another of the cover and the connecting member, each concave portion comprising a positioning slot and an engaging slot; the plurality of the loops are used for connecting the securing member, the connecting member and the cover to the insertion member.
US09106729B2 Personal gateway for originating and terminating telephone calls
A system, method and software product connects a call from an internet protocol (IP) phone and a telephone apparatus connected to a public switched telephone network (PSTN) using a personal gateway configured within a network group. A call from a user of the IP phone is answered and the user is authenticated. A destination number for the telephone apparatus is received from the user. A list of personal gateways is created based upon the destination number. The list is prioritized based upon least cost routing. A highest priority personal gateway that is available is determined using the prioritized list. The highest priority personal gateway that is available is instructed to dial the destination number using a PSTN interface. The IP phone connects with the telephone apparatus to make the call. The call terminates and associated resources are freed if either the IP phone or the telephone apparatus hangs-up.
US09106726B2 Method and system for provisioning packetized voice communication services
An approach for enabling a customer to provision resources of a packetized voice service provider based on one or more customer conditions is described. A provision management platform receives a request for provisioning a domain name service as part of packetized voice service. In response to the request, the provision management platform prompts via a graphical user interface to obtain information for populating a service record of the domain name service. The provision management platform then generates the service record for storage corresponding to a customer account for the packetized voice service.
US09106724B1 Communication aggregation
A text communication aggregator stores text communications between patrons and a contact handling system. The communications each include a tag identifying senders of the text communications. The aggregator further provides the stored text communications as threaded conversations. Each of the threaded conversations include text communications between a particular patron and the contact handling system, and each of the threaded conversations is associated with the particular patron. The aggregator further provides identifiers that identify threaded conversations having at least one new text communication from the patrons.
US09106722B2 Dynamic transcoder placement
The invention provides for a dynamic transcoder placement in case that transcoding functionality for codecs is offered in a TRAU associated to a Base Station Controller and/or a MGW selected for a call.
US09106721B2 Application state synchronization across multiple devices
Techniques for a method for automatically synchronizing application state across multiple devices are disclosed herein. The method includes running an instance of a computer application on an electronic device, automatically determining a sync event that occurs in the electronic device, wherein the sync event suggests a synchronization of application state data and the application state data represent an application state of the computer application at the sync event, and transmitting the application state data of the computer application to a storage server in response to the sync event. The application state data of the computer application enables another instance of the computer application to resume the application state at the sync event at another electronic device.
US09106719B2 Real-time video optimizer
A video optimizer receives a request to optimize a video, wherein the request includes optimization parameters and a uniform resource locator (URL) of the video. The video optimizer retrieves the video from an origin server and transcodes the video based on optimization parameters. The video optimizer load balances several transcoding sessions over one or more servers and tracks each session based on session identifications (IDs). Additionally, the video optimizer tracks each session to determine when a server is at or near capacity to prevent an overflow situation. The video optimizer is also enabled to stitch together two or more transcoding sessions in the event of a seek operation by a user during video playback. The video optimizer streams the video to the client device, enabling the client device to stream videos in substantially real-time after requesting the video.
US09106717B2 Speaking participant identification
For speaking participant identification, a communication module simulates a virtual communication channel for each participant in a media conference. An identification module identifies a speaking participant. The communication module further communicates audio input over the virtual communication channel for the speaking participant.
US09106714B2 Plug and play provisioning of voice over IP network devices
Techniques are provided for sending from a client in a network device a request message configured to request configuration parameters to allow the network device to operate as a source or destination node for packet switched network telephony activity. In response to receiving the request message, sending the configuration parameters from a server configured to retrieve the configuration parameters from a call provisioning server. The configuration parameters are received at the client and passed to a call agent in the network device in order to configure the network device to operate as a source or destination node for packet switched network telephony activity.
US09106713B2 Data capturing and exchange method and system
A method for a data capturing and exchange system. The data capturing and exchange system has a plurality of devices in a sub-network and a network server connected to the sub-network. The method includes capturing an unstructured data record of a document on a device, collecting metadata associated with the unstructured data record; determining a recipient for the unstructured data record in a health information exchange, and composing a data message containing the unstructured data record. The method also includes obtaining the composed data message containing the unstructured data record, packing the composed data message into a packed message containing a structured data record corresponding to the unstructured data record, and sending the packed message to the recipient in the HIE can receive and recognize the document.
US09106712B1 Domain manager for plural domains and method of use
A domain name management system allows agents to manage plural domains for plural registrants. The system resides on a server of an accredited registrar or on a server of a partner website that can directly access the shared registry system. A variety of DNS or zone file information can be altered using simple graphical user interfaces to enter change information and pass that change information to the domain manager server. The domain name management system passes the change information to the DNS servers either directly through the SRS or through an accredited server that passes the change information through the SRS and to the root servers. Most preferably, the domain manager has substantially direct access to the shared registry system, which asynchronously updates the DNS servers.
US09106707B2 DHCP communications configuration system
A Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) communications configuration system includes a client information handling system (IHS) coupled to a controller over a network. The client IHS creates a plurality of DHCP discover messages that include capability data that describes at least one hardware resource on the client IHS, and sends the plurality of DHCP discover messages over the network. The controller receives the plurality of DHCP discover messages and processes the capability data to determine configuration data for the client IHS, creates a plurality of DHCP offer messages including the configuration data for the client IHS, and sends the plurality of DHCP offer messages over the network to the client IHS. The client IHS then uses the configuration data to configure the client IHS.
US09106706B2 Systems and methods of using beacon messages to discover devices across subnets
A method of discovering a device to be discovered in a communication network having multiple interconnected nodes includes transmitting, by a discoverer, at least one beacon signal including an IP address to the network. The device to be discovered receives the at least one beacon signal. The device to be discovered configures the IP address located in the at least one beacon signal. Additionally, the device to be discovered transmits an advertisement to a server specified by the discoverer.
US09106705B1 Sharing and shared blocklists on social networks
Embodiments generally relate to providing block lists in a social network system. In some embodiments, a method includes enabling one or more first users of a social network system to generate at least one block list containing one or more blocked users, where one or more restrictions are applied to the one or more blocked users. In some embodiments, the method further includes enabling the at least one block list to be shared with one or more second users.
US09106699B2 Methods for handling requests between different resource record types and systems thereof
A method, computer readable medium, and device for handling requests between different resource record types includes receiving at a traffic management device a first resource record type from one or more server devices in response to a request from a client device. The traffic management device validates the first resource record type, and creates a second resource record type corresponding to the first resource record type after the validating. Signing the second resource record type at the traffic management device is carried out for servicing the request from the client device.
US09106697B2 System and method for identifying unauthorized activities on a computer system using a data structure model
A computer implemented method includes monitoring activity on the virtual machine. A plurality of activities being performed at the virtual machine is identified. Each of the activities includes an activity source, an activity target, and an association between the activity source and the activity target. The activity sources, activity targets, and associations are stored in the memory. A fingerprint indicative of the activity on the virtual machine is created from the stored activities. The fingerprint is transmitted to prevent future attacks that comprise the same or similar activities as indicated by the fingerprint.
US09106696B2 Method and apparatus for portability of a remote session
Examples of systems and methods are provided for facilitating establishing a remote session between a host device and a remote server. The system may facilitate establishing a first remote session between a client device and the remote server. The system may facilitate establishing a trusted relationship between the client device and the host device. The system may provide remote session login information from the client device to the host device to enable the host device to establish a second remote session with the remote server. The system may facilitate termination of the first remote session at the client device after the login information is provided to the host device.
US09106694B2 Electronic message analysis for malware detection
An electronic message is analyzed for malware contained in the message. Text of an electronic message may be analyzed to detect and process malware content in the electronic message itself. The present technology may analyze an electronic message and attachments to electronic messages to detect a uniform resource location (URL), identify whether the URL is suspicious, and analyze all suspicious URLs to determine if they are malware. The analysis may include re-playing the suspicious URL in a virtual environment which simulates the intended computing device to receive the electronic message. If the re-played URL is determined to be malicious, the malicious URL is added to a black list which is updated throughout the computer system.
US09106691B1 Systems and methods of identity protection and management
In an embodiment, a computing system, such as a monitoring computer, receives a request from a user to monitor an account of the user with an online service provider. The request may include personal information and user preferences for one or more protective actions. The system periodically monitors external data sources for indications of changes to personal information associated with the account, and detects changes or attempted changes to personal information associated with the account. The system may determine risk levels associated with detected changes or attempted changes, and transmit a notification to the user via a communication channel selected based on the determined risk level and/or the user preferences. The system may also initiate protective actions, so that further unauthorized access to the account may be prevented.
US09106689B2 Intrusion detection using MDL clustering
An intrusion detection method, system and computer-readable media are disclosed. The system can include a processor programmed to perform computer network intrusion detection. The intrusion detection can include an identification module and a detection module. The identification module can be adapted to perform semi-supervised machine learning to identify key components of a network attack and develop MDL models representing those attack components. The detection module can cluster the MDL models and use the clustered MDL models to classify network activity and detect polymorphic or zero-day attacks.
US09106686B2 Tiered Configuration of legacy application tasks
Methods, systems, and techniques for configuring customizations to legacy tasks as part of modernizing such tasks are provided. Example embodiments of a Role-Based Modernization System (“RBMS”) provide tiered configuration so that end users can be provided with tools with which they can further modernize legacy tasks in ways that do not tamper with the integrity of the system. For example, in one embodiment at least two configuration levels are available: (1) an administrator level that can control and configure aspects of the RBMS such as the legacy and non-legacy tasks associated with a particular role and defining what tools will be provided to the end user level and (2) an end user level. Example embodiments provide an RBMS, which uses these enhanced modernization techniques to provide role-based modernization of menu-based legacy applications.
US09106682B2 Method for directing audited data traffic to specific repositories
Data traffic is monitored on a network and data access elements thereof are collected. The collected data access elements are compared to security rules providing sets of predefined data access elements for identifying predefined data accesses. First audit data collections for data accesses are sent to a first repository. For a data access that matches one of the rules, a second audit data collection defined by the matching rule is sent to at least a second repository designated by the matching rule.
US09106678B2 Method and apparatus for interchanging data between two devices in an automation network
A method for interchanging data between two devices in a network which utilizes a communication protocol with an interface based on an Object Linking and Embedding for Process Control Unified Architecture (OPC-UA) standard to interchange the data, wherein the communication protocol includes a priority allocation function which can allocate to the data at least two different priority values, and the data are interchanged based on the allocated priority values, such that the data interchangeable between the two devices in a predetermined period of time with a prescribed probability.
US09106677B2 Method and apparatus for web based storage on-demand
Rapid demanding for storage capacity at internet era requires a much flexible and powerful storage infrastructure. Present invention disclosed a type of storage system based a model of centrally controlled distributed scalable virtual machine. In this model, one or more service pools including virtual storage service pool and application service pools can be automatically created to meet the demands for more storage capacity from various applications. Specially this model provide a solid foundation for distributing storage volumes for supporting storage on-demand and sharing with exceptional management capabilities. In addition, this model provides a flexible fault recovery topology beyond the traditional recovery plan.
US09106673B2 Systems and methods for connecting telephony communications
Systems and methods performed by an IP telephony system are designed to determine when two parties to a recently terminated telephony communication are simultaneously calling each other in an attempt to re-establish a telephony communication. When the IP telephony system determines that this situation is occurring, the IP telephony system acts to connect the two parties, rather than have both of them see their new call setup attempt fail because the other party's telephony device is indicated to be busy.
US09106672B2 Method and apparatus for performing multiple forms of communications in one session
An approach is provided for performing multiple and hybrid forms of communication in the same communication session. A communication manager receives a to establish a communication session using a first form of communication, wherein the communication session supports multiple and simultaneous forms of communication. Next, the communication manager selects a second form of communication to conduct the communication session. Then, the communication manager transcodes the second form of communication to the first form of communication. The different forms can be converted to facilitate and enrich the communication capability, according to an embodiment of the invention.
US09106670B2 Selectively wiping a remote device
A system and method for selectively securing data from unauthorized access on a client device storing a plurality of data types with reference to an authorization level indicated in a command. A command is received at a client device comprising an authorization level indicator. Based on at least one predefined rule, which may be implemented in an IT policy stored at the client device, each of the plurality of data types to be secured is determined, and then the data corresponding to those types is secured. The data may be secured by encrypting and/or deleting the data at the client device. The predefined rules associated with each authorization level may be configured by a user or administrator having an authorization level that exceeds the associated authorization level.
US09106664B2 Method and apparatuses for maintaining service continuity to a centralization and continuity application server
A method and apparatus for maintaining service continuity for User Equipment accessing an IP Multimedia Subsystem communication network. A routing identifier is established that identifies a Service Centralization and Continuity Application Server allocated to the User Equipment. The routing identifier is sent to the User Equipment. In the event of disruption to the service between the User Equipment and the Service Centralization and Continuity Application Server, a handover message is sent from the User Equipment via a Circuit Switched access network. The handover message includes the routing identifier, and is then forwarded to the identified Service Centralization and Continuity Application Server. This allows the same Service Centralization and Continuity Application Server to be used after the handover as was used before the handover, thereby providing service continuity.
US09106661B1 Computing resource policy regime specification and verification
A computing resource policy regime specification is received from a first user. The computing policy regime specification comprises a plurality of rules. The received computing resource policy regime specification is associated with a computing resource. An assessment of compliance by the computing resource with the computing resource policy regime specification is dispatched.
US09106659B2 Decoupling cluster data from cloud deployment
The present invention extends to methods, systems, and computer program products for decoupling cluster data from cloud deployment. The decoupling facilitates taking down and reattaching a cluster to persisted data as needed. Other embodiments of the invention include resuming a cluster's execution on a different topology and/or different system states based on a persisted data set.
US09106654B2 Unifying conflicting media identifiers
A unified system of unique identifiers is used to match enrichment content with primary content being delivered by subscribers, e.g. broadcasters, in different markets, market segments, etc. Songs, video, advertisements, or other content from multiple different content publishers or databases, each of which may be assigned identifiers using different identification systems, are assigned a unified, unique identifier. The unique identifiers are also mapped to content identifiers used by subscribers. When subscribers provide primary content, for example by broadcasting the content to end users, enrichment content is matched to the unified, unique identifier associated with the content, and appropriate enrichment data and content are sent to the subscriber for distribution along with the primary content. If subscribers or content publishers change their own identifiers associated with content, the content can be un-matched and re-matched with the same or a different unique identifier.
US09106652B2 Web conference overstay protection
Embodiments of the present invention disclose a method, computer program product, and system for managing participants of a web conference that follows a first web conference. A computer determines that a second web conference will use a web conference channel continuously following the completion of a first web conference using the web conference channel. The computer determines that a participant of the first web conference that is connected to the web conference channel at the start of the second web conference is not authorized to attend the second web conference and the computer disconnects from the web conference channel the participant that is not authorized to attend the second web conference.
US09106647B2 Executing transactions secured user credentials
In some implementations, a method includes interfacing a mobile device including a GUI. User credentials used to execute transactions with contactless devices are securely stored and associated with one or more enterprises. The secure memory includes master credentials and a master security framework that enables enterprises to store or update user credentials and associated security frameworks. Displays associated with the user credentials are dynamically generated and presented through the GUI of the mobile device. Wireless transactions are executed with contactless devices using the selectable user credentials.
US09106646B1 Enhanced multi-factor authentication
Methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on a computer storage medium, for performing multi-factor authentication. In one aspect, a method includes determining that the identity of a user has been successfully proven using a first of two or more authentication factors, allowing updates or requests for updates to be initiated after the identity of the user has been successfully proven using the first authentication factor, logging the updates or requests for updates that are initiated after the identity of the user has been successfully proven using the first authentication factor, determining that the identity of the user has not been successfully proven using a second of the two or more authentication factors, and reverting the updates, or discarding the requests for updates, based on determining that the identity of the user has not been successfully proven using the second authentication factor.
US09106639B2 WiMAX R6 management protocol
Within an access services network (ASN) operable for providing wireless access services to an access terminal and including a base station communicatively coupled to an ASN gateway, a new management protocol is provided for managing the R6 communications. The protocol includes a common set of message types that may be used for data plane, control plane, and individual peer applications communicating over the control plane. In one embodiment, a keepalive procedure or process is used to manage the R6 interface between the ASN gateway and the base station by sending keepalive messages through an established data path tunnel and maintaining one or more keepalive timers.
US09106636B2 Information authentication method and information authentication system
At a time of enrollment, a client terminal: generates a feature polynomial from biometric information for enrollment; multiplies the feature polynomial by a prescribed integer; stores a helper polynomial obtained by multiplying an inverse polynomial of a template polynomial, a polynomial having a small norm; and transmits the template polynomial to an authentication server. The authentication server stores the template polynomial in a storage unit. At a time of authentication, the client terminal: generates a feature polynomial from biometric information for authentication; multiplies the helper polynomial by the feature polynomial; adds a random polynomial having a small norm to the authentication polynomial; and transmits the authentication polynomial to the authentication server. The authentication server determines whether or not the biometric information for enrollment and for authentication can be authenticated, based on the result obtained by multiplying the authentication polynomial by the template polynomial.
US09106634B2 Resource protection on un-trusted devices
Authenticating a user to a first service to allow the user to access a resource provided by the first service. The resource is a protected resource requiring a general purpose credential (e.g. a user name and/or password) to access the resource. The method includes receiving at a second service, from the device, an ad-hoc credential. The ad-hoc credential is a credential that is particular to the device. The ad-hoc credential can be used to authenticate both the user and the device, but cannot be directly used to as authentication at the first service for the user to access the resource. The method further includes, at the second service, substituting the general purpose credential for the ad-hoc credential and forwarding the general purpose credential to the first service. As such the first service can provide the resource to the user at the device.
US09106630B2 Method and system for collaboration during an event
A system and method for gathering data from a plurality of computer environments. The computer environments are authenticated, data is copied from the plurality of authenticated computer environments to a memory location, and access to the memory location is provided to a plurality of authenticated users. The data may be marked so that a user may determine which computer environment provided the data.
US09106627B2 Method, system and program product for managing download requests received to download files from a server
A method, system and program product for managing downloads of files from a server. The method includes presetting, using a tool, a threshold number of allowable connections for each client requesting connections to download files from a server. The method further includes identifying, using the tool, a client requesting one or more connections to download a file and tracking, using the tool, whether or not the client has exceeded the threshold number of allowable connections preset. If the client has not exceeded the threshold number of allowable connections preset, allowing the one or more connections up to the threshold number of allowable connections preset for the client to download the file from the server and if the client has exceeded the threshold number of allowable connections preset, preventing the client from connecting to the server, such that overloading of the server with too many simultaneous active connections is minimized.
US09106625B2 Two parallel engines for high speed transmit IPSEC processing
The invention relates to a network interface system for interfacing a host system with a network. The network interface system includes a bus interface system, a media access control system, and a security system. The network interface offloads IPsec processing from the host processor. According to the invention, the security system includes two processors for encrypting and authenticating the outgoing data. Outgoing data packets are sent alternately to one or the other processor, whereby transmission processing can be accelerated relative to receive processing.
US09106614B2 Data transmission method and apparatus
Embodiments of the present invention provide a data transmission method and apparatus. ROHC packets that use a same Context ID are encapsulated into MAC PDU, wherein the MAC PDU is formed by a MAC PDU packet header and a MAC PDU payload. The Context ID of the ROHC packets is carried in the MAC PDU packet header, and the Context ID is not carried in the ROHC packets. The MAC PDU is sent. In this way, transmission resources are saved, and transmission efficiency is improved.
US09106613B2 Remote self service facilities administration system
Systems and methods are described for automatically providing remote self service facilities administration over an Internet protocol (IP) network or over a direct circuit (DC) network. To such ends, a system provides self service use of services of a provider network remotely from the provider network. A remote site kiosk is places in a remote site network with an Internet connection, the remote site kiosk having encryption support via a remote site tunneling endpoint for communications with the Internet and self service applications which communicate through the remote site tunneling endpoint. A data center with an Internet connection to a provider network and to the remote site kiosk, with encryption support via a data center tunneling endpoint to securely receive and forward communications over the Internet between the remote site kiosk and the provider network.
US09106611B2 Method for efficient message verification on resource-constrained platforms for real-time tracking applications
A method is provided for processing packets in a security module of a node in a real-time tracking system. The security module receives messages via a communication module. Each message contains an identifier associated with a transmitting entity of the message. A respective identifier is associated with a respective buffer. Messages having a same identifier are stored to an associated buffer. At least one message is selected from each buffer. For each buffer, a verification mode is selected for the message selected based on state variables and identifier-level properties of the identifier associated with that buffer. A buffer for message verification is selected based on state variables and identifier-level properties of all identifiers. The message selected is verified utilizing the selected verification mode. The state variables and the identifier-level properties of all identifiers are updated based on a result of the verification of the at least one message.
US09106609B2 Method and system for fast access to advanced visualization of medical scans using a dedicated web portal
A system for viewing at a client device a series of three-dimensional virtual views over the Internet of a volume visualization dataset contained on centralized databases employs a transmitter for securely sending volume visualization dataset from a remote location to the centralized database, more than one central data storage medium containing the volume visualization dataset, and a plurality of servers in communication with the centralized databases to create virtual views based on client requests. A resource manager load balances the servers, a security device controls communications between the client device and server and the resource manager and central storage medium. Physically secured sites house the components. A web application accepts at the remote location user requests for a virtual view of the volume visualization dataset, transmits the request to the servers, receives the resulting virtual view from the servers, and displays the resulting virtual view to the remote user.
US09106605B2 Image display system with visual server
An image display system with one or more client computers in selective communication with a visual server having image processing capabilities. The client computer generates image-modifying data corresponding to a generated image, and transmits the data to the visual server. The visual server receives the image-modifying data, generates a modified image based upon the image-modifying data, and transmits the modified image as compressed data to the client. The client decompresses the modified image data and displays the modified image. In the system, the visual server and client can provide a sequential display of modified frames on client to support animation with complex 3-dimensional graphics.
US09106598B2 Enhanced privacy and control features for an electronic message
A method and system for sending electronic messages. A command syntax is embedded in an electronic message on a sender device. The electronic message is to be sent by a sender from the sender device to a user at a recipient device. The electronic message includes a data structure to which the command syntax is coupled. The command syntax comprises a text string coded to only describe and trigger one or more pre-defined selective enhanced privacy and control features for one or more portions of the data. The command syntax includes one or more commands which upon being executed at the recipient device prevent the user at the recipient device who receives the electronic message from printing the received electronic message, storing the received electronic message, copying the received electronic message, forwarding the received electronic message, and blind carbon copying the received electronic message.
US09106595B2 Frame transmission and communication network
Exemplary embodiments are directed to a communication network interconnecting a plurality of synchronized nodes, where regular frames including time-critical data are transmitted periodically or cyclically, and sporadic frames are transmitted non-periodically or occasionally. For example, each node can transmit a regular frame at the beginning of a transmission period common to, and synchronized among, all nodes. Another node then receives regular frames from its first neighboring node, and forwards the frames within the same transmission period and with the shortest delay, to a second neighboring node. Furthermore, each node actively delays transmission of any sporadic frame, whether originating from an application hosted by the node itself or whether received from a neighboring node, until forwarding of all received regular frames is completed.
US09106593B2 Multicast flow reordering scheme
An example system and method for multicast flow reordering in a network is provided and includes receiving a data packet at an egress of a node, the data packet associated with a descriptor including at least one parameter; determining the at least one parameter of the descriptor; and processing the data packet for reordering based on the determining of the at least on parameter of the descriptor.
US09106589B2 Predicting long-term computing resource usage
Techniques are described for performing automated predictions of program execution capacity or other capacity of computing-related hardware resources that will be used to execute software programs in the future, such as for a group of computing nodes that execute one or more programs for a user. The predictions that are performed may in at least some situations be based on historical data regarding corresponding prior actual usage of execution-related capacity (e.g., for one or more prior years), and may include long-term predictions for particular future time periods that are multiple months or years into the future. In addition, the predictions of the execution-related capacity for particular future time periods may be used in various manners, including to manage execution-related capacity at or before those future time periods, such as to prepare sufficient execution-related capacity to be available at those future time periods.
US09106586B2 Multi-protocol support over ethernet packet-switched networks
Described are methods and communications network for carrying pseudowires over packet-switched network. A communication network includes a packet-switched network (PSN), a first provider edge (PE) device in communication with a second PE device through the PSN, and a pseudowire (PW) established between the PE devices for emulating a service across the PSN. The PW has a Virtual Circuit Connection Verification (VCCV) control channel that carries an Ethernet Operations, Administration, and Maintenance (OAM) message. In some embodiments, various data plane encapsulation formats enable a PW to emulate an Ethernet or a non-Ethernet service over an Ethernet PSN. Each encapsulation format includes an Ethernet tunnel header and a PW header that encapsulates an Ethernet or non-Ethernet payload.
US09106579B2 Methods, systems and apparatus for utilizing an iSNS server in a network of fibre channel over ethernet devices
Methods, apparatus and systems are provided for assigning Fiber Channel Domain identifiers with an iSNS Server, a Fiber Channel over Ethernet device interconnection apparatus controller (FIAC), and a Fiber Channel over Ethernet device interconnection apparatus (FIA). A Request Domain Identifier iSNS protocol message is sent from a FCoE device interconnection apparatus controller (FIAC) to a iSNS Server. A Fiber Channel Initialization Protocol (FIP) Fabric Login (FLOGI) frame is received from a Fiber Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) device by a FCoE device interconnection apparatus (FIA). The FIAC assigns a new Fiber Channel address identifier using the Domain Identifier assigned from the Request Domain Identifier response. At the FIAC, a FIP link service accept (LS_ACC) response is transmitted to the FIP FLOGI comprising the newly assigned Fiber Channel address identifier at the FIAC. At the FIA, the FIP LS_ACC is forwarded to the FCoE device that transmitted the FIP FLOGI frame.
US09106574B2 Supporting quality of service differentiation using a single shared buffer
An example method, system, and switching element are provided and may provide for an egress port to be configured to receive a plurality of data packets, each of the plurality of data packets being a class of a plurality of classes. A buffer may communicate with the at least one data port interface. A memory management unit may be configured to enable and disable transmission of the plurality of classes of the plurality of data packets based on a metering policy; and place the plurality of data packets in the buffer.
US09106570B2 50 Gb/s Ethernet using serializer/deserializer lanes
Systems, devices, and methods of implementing 50 Gb/s Ethernet using serializer/deserializer lanes are disclosed. One such device includes circuitry operable to provide a media access control (MAC) interface. The MAC interface is associated with a port having a 50 Gb/s link rate. The device also includes circuitry operable to generate Ethernet frames from data received at the MAC interface and circuitry operable to distribute the Ethernet frames across a group of serial/deserializer (SERDES) lanes associated with the port, the group having size N. The device also includes circuitry operable to transmit the distributed Ethernet frames on each of the SERDES lanes at a 50/N Gb/s rate.
US09106569B2 System and method that routes flows via multicast flow transport for groups
A routing system and method for flows within a network provides multicast flow transport for one or more groups. Transit routers comprising processing units that run overlay processes route one or more flows based on overlay group identifiers. Access nodes issue requests for overlay groups in order to receive flows from the transit routers. The overlay processes utilize a mapping service that maps overlay group identifiers to native multicast group identifiers. A control channel between the access nodes and transit routers is used for communicating access nodes requests, overlay group identifiers, and native multicast group identifiers.
US09106566B2 Method, apparatus and system for two-node cluster hot backup
A method, an apparatus and a system for two-node cluster hot backup is provided. A second network node configures a redundancy protocol with a first network node at an access port to negotiate an active/standby relationship between each local access port and each access port of the first network node, releases a route of a network segment of a user, where the network segment of the user is the same as a network segment of a user to which a route released by the first network node belongs, establishes or specifies a protection channel with the first network node, synchronizes user information with the first network node, and when the first network node has a failure, performs service switching according to the redundancy protocol, and sends a downstream traffic to the user according to the user information.
US09106564B2 Incremental high radix network scaling
Efficient and highly-scalable network solutions are provided that utilize incremental scaling of switches, and devices connected to those switches, in an environment such as a data center. Embodiments may utilize multiple tiers of switches. Sets of switches in two different tiers may be initially connected to each other utilizing multiple connections. As network capacity needs within the computing environment increase, additional switches may be added to tiers. To connect the added switches to the switch network, the redundant connections may be utilized. Moving connections from one switch to another switch can free up ports to connect added switches in one of the tiers of switches to the switch network. The tiers of switches can be based on Clos networks, where the tiers of switches are fully connected, or other high radix or fat tree topologies that include oversubscription between tiers.
US09106563B2 Method and apparatus for switching communications traffic in a communications network
In current hardware forwarding architectures, in which subscriber profiles are distributed across multiple cards in the network, lack of subscriber knowledge leads to loss of bandwidth on fabric links connecting multiple cards in a chassis, loss of device processing cycles, and loss of quality of service knowledge because the traffic is not classified. An example embodiment of the present invention employs a subscriber-aware switch programmed with a subscriber table that maps subscriber traffic to an “anchor” line card with the subscriber's profile. The subscriber table allows for traffic to reach the anchor line card directly, avoiding unnecessary hops and loss of traffic information. As a result, line card, fabric, and other resources are used efficiently, thereby enabling a gateway or other network node to support high traffic rate (e.g., 100 Gbps) network models.
US09106558B2 Switch device, information processing apparatus, and method of controlling switching device
A switch device includes a relay unit relaying communication data when information processing units included in an information processing apparatus perform communications with external devices; an address learning unit registering ports receiving the communication data in association with addresses indicating transmission sources of the communication data; and a band control unit controlling a bandwidth to be allocated to the communications by setting a first port and a second port of the ports to belong to a same group and by setting the first port and the second port to belong to different groups based on a number of addresses registered by the address learning unit in association with each of the ports.
US09106557B2 Scheduled transmission of data
A method and system may allow for the scheduling of transmissions. A device may send a transmission request over a network where the request may be an upload request or a download request. Traffic may be monitored on the network and the traffic may determine when the transmission is to be scheduled. Depending on the traffic and the type of transmission, the transmission may be scheduled for a future time or may be added to a queue of pending transmissions. Once commenced, the transmission may be paused and resumed based on continually monitored traffic on the network.
US09106548B2 Network fault localization
Mechanisms for monitoring communication links in a network are disclosed. A device receives a plurality of path performance indicators over a period of time. It is determined that at least some of the path performance indicators identify a path violation in a corresponding path of a plurality of paths in the network. For each path performance indicator that identifies a path violation, a communication link value associated with each communication link in the corresponding path is updated based on a path violation value. The device identifies at least one particular communication link as a problematic communication link based on a comparison between a problematic link criterion and the communication link value associated with the at least one particular communication link.
US09106546B1 Explicit congestion notification in mixed fabric network communications
A method and apparatus are provided for communicating congestions that area detected in a communications network. According to the method and apparatus, a first Ethernet frame encapsulating a first PDU is transmitted across an Ethernet network. Congestion in the network is then detected, and an indication of the congestion is inserted in a predetermined header field of the first Ethernet frame. Once the first Ethernet frame is received by an endpoint in the network, the indication of congestion is transferred into a second PDU that is associated with the first PDU. The second PDU is then encapsulated in a second Ethernet frame and transmitted towards the sender of the first PDU.
US09106537B1 Method for high availability of services in cloud computing systems
A method and computer program product for providing High Availability (HA) of services in a cloud-based system. The services are the applications used by the end users of the cloud system. The system uses shared cloud distributed storage. The cloud data is distributed over several nodes and is duplicated in an on-line mode. Each user launches and runs his own Virtual Execution Environment VEE (VM or Container) used as a cloud service. If one of the hardware nodes becomes unavailable, the HA system restores all of the VEEs of the failed node on a functional hardware node. Each node has a daemon, which monitors the situation and, if one of the nodes crashes, a master daemon provides for the restoration of the services of this node on other available nodes of the cloud.
US09106536B2 Identification and classification of web traffic inside encrypted network tunnels
The present principles are directed to identifying and classifying web traffic inside encrypted network tunnels. A method includes analyzing network traffic of unencrypted data packets to detect packet traffic, timing, and size patterns. The detected packet, timing, and size traffic patterns are correlated to at least a packet destination and a packet source of the unencrypted data packets to create at least one of a training corpus and a model built from the training corpus. The at least one of the corpus and model is stored in a memory device. Packet traffic, timing, and size patterns of encrypted data packets are observed. The observed packet traffic, timing, and size patterns of the encrypted data packets are compared to at least one of the training corpus and the model to classify the encrypted data packets with respect to at least one of a predicted network host and predicted path information.
US09106535B2 Method and apparatus for adaptively managing buffer in communication system including a plurality of network nodes
A method and apparatus manage a buffer of a lower network node in a communication system. A current queue length of the buffer is monitored in every measurement time. A logical region in which the current queue length is included is determined, among a plurality of logical regions included in the buffer. Each of the logical regions corresponds to a queue length determined by using an upper threshold and a lower threshold of a total queue length of the buffer. A congestion state of a network is detected, and a first queue length is readjusted when the current queue length is included in the first queue length which corresponds to a first logical region that exceeds the upper threshold. And a network congestion state signal that represents the detected congestion state of the network is transmitted to the upper network node.
US09106531B2 Detection of link connectivity in communication systems
A method of commencement of operation of a communication system such as an Ethernet OAM system enables an endpoint (A) to transmit and receive repetitive connectivity check messages on a link between the endpoint and a remote endpoint (B). A loss of connectivity with the remote endpoint is determined by the absence of received connectivity check messages within a monitoring interval. The commencement of the monitoring interval is delayed until a predetermined number of valid connectivity check messages has been received. The method may be implemented by use of a counter for received connectivity check messages and an additional waiting state in a state machine.
US09106529B2 Virtual network configuration and management
A Hardware Management Console (HMC) configures virtual networks. The HMC extends Internal Queued Direct I/O to an intra-ensemble data network (IEDN) within a cluster of virtual servers to define a single channel path identifier, and to define a channel parameter. The HMC defines at least one virtual network. The HMC defines a bridge port within each CPC that supports at least one of the virtual servers. The HMC defines a network interface for each virtual server within each cluster. The HMC grants access to a corresponding virtual network for each virtual server.
US09106522B2 Method and system for remote diagnostic, control, and information collection based upon a connection or connectionless communication method for sending messages to the resource manager
A method, system, and program product for communicating with machines connected to a network. Information sent to or from the machines is transmitted using electronic mail or via a direct connection. The electronic mail may be transmitted over the Internet to a service center or from a service center to a resource administrator, but also may remain within a local or wide area network for transmission between a machine and a resource administrator. E-mail messages may be transmitted from a computer which is attached to a device that is being monitored or controlled and include information regarding the status, usage, or capabilities of the attached device. The device may send status messages and usage information of the device to either a resource administrator or to a service center on the Internet through a firewall.
US09106519B1 Wireless communication system for determining user equipment quality of service
A wireless communication network estimates User Equipment (UE) Quality of Service (QoS). The wireless communication network processes a signal strength metric measured by the UE to select an RF coverage module. The wireless communication network process the selected RF coverage module to determine an RF coverage score. The RF coverage score represents the amount of overlapping RF coverage. The wireless communication network processes the RF coverage score to select an application module. The wireless communication network processes the application module to identify a service module. The wireless communication network processes the service module based on RF parameters measured by the UE to estimate a QoS for the UE. The wireless communication network transfers the estimated QoS to the UE.
US09106516B1 Routing and analyzing business-to-business service requests
In one embodiment, a central service request management system for managing service requests across a plurality of ticketing systems. The central service request management system includes translation logic for receiving service request messages from the plurality of ticketing systems and translating the service request messages to a standardized format, where each service request message is associated with a respective service request. Additionally, the central service request management system includes data storage logic for maintaining a status of service requests based on the translated service request messages. The central service request management system further includes routing logic for identifying one of the plurality of ticketing systems to transmit each translated service request message to based on the maintained status of the service request associated with the service request message, and for transmitting the translated service request message to the identified ticketing system.
US09106515B2 System and apparatus of a software-service-defined-network (SSDN)
A network apparatus for coupling control plane controllers and data plane switches in a global software service defined network (SSDN), wherein the global SSDN comprises a plurality of local SSDNs, comprising a network software service layer (NSSL) service bus comprising a processor, wherein the NSSL service bus is coupled to a plurality of network controllers and to a plurality of network switches, wherein the NSSL service bus is configured to coordinate the actions of the plurality of network controllers, wherein the NSSL service bus is configured to expose the plurality of controllers as services addressable by service names, wherein the NSSL service bus is configured to extend a local SSDN into a global SSDN network; and wherein the NSSL service bus is configured to provide the network controllers with global network information, such that the network controllers provide end-to-end service routing in the global SSDN network.
US09106514B1 Hybrid network software provision
Various example embodiments are methods and devices for providing an application from at least one remote machine to at least one local machine. The local machine may execute a local executable that has access to local resources of the computer device. The local machine may also execute a browser configured to communicate with the at least one remote machine through a firewall. A connection may be generated between the browser and the local executable. The local machine may download code for implementing a portion of the application from the at least one remote machine through the firewall. The code may be executed in the browser. The browser may generate an instruction directing the local executable to act on the local resources of the computer device. The instruction may be communicated to the local executable via the connection. The local executable may act on the local resources of the computer device in response to the instruction and return to the browser results of the action on the local resources.
US09106510B2 Distributed demand matrix computations
In one embodiment, a method includes receiving a packet at a first network device, logging the packet into a demand corresponding to a cell of a demand matrix, and storing the demand in a demand database at the first network device. The demand database includes a plurality of demands computed for a specified time period and corresponding to cells of the demand matrix associated with traffic entering a network at the first network device. Demands corresponding to cells of the demand matrix associated with traffic entering the network at a second network device are computed and stored at the second network device. An apparatus and logic are also disclosed herein.
US09106506B2 Filter-based forwarding in a network
A router receives a packet at an ingress interface. The router classifies the received packet based on at least a first field value contained in the header of the packet. According to the classification of the received packet, the router associates one of the plurality of forwarding tables to the packet. The router then performs a lookup operation in the associated forwarding table according to at least a second field value contained in the header of the packet. Based on the lookup operation, the router determines an egress interface and transmits the received packet from the determined egress interface.
US09106503B1 Method and apparatus for recovering time-domain hybrid modulated QAM signals
A method for recovering a quadrature amplitude modulated (QAM) signal is disclosed. The method includes receiving a QAM signal at a demultiplexers, where the QAM signal comprises multiple modulation schemes, splitting the QAM signal into k branches, where k is the number of QAM modulation schemes of the signal, passing the branch having the lowest order QAM modulation scheme to a first equalizer for recovering and tracking polarization and compensating polarization mode dispersion (PMD), updating a tap updating algorithm with a recovery value determined by the first equalizer, and recovering and tracking polarization and compensating PMD for all other branches based on the recovery value.
US09106499B2 Frequency-domain frame synchronization in multi-carrier systems
Methods and systems are disclosed for frequency-domain frame synchronization for multi-carrier communication systems. Received signals are sampled and converted into frequency domain components associated with subcarriers within the multi-carrier communication signals. A sliding-window correlation (e.g., two-dimensional sliding window) is applied to the received symbols represented in the frequency domain to detect frame boundaries for multi-carrier signals. The sliding-window frame synchronization can be applied by itself or can be applied in combination with one or more additional frame synchronization stages. The disclosed embodiments are particularly useful for frame synchronization of multi-carrier signals in PLC (power line communication) systems.
US09106498B2 Method for symbol synchronization of received digital signal and digital signal receiver using the same method
A method for symbol synchronization of received digital signal and a digital signal reception apparatus are provided. The method comprises steps of correlating the received digital signal with the received signal delayed by one symbol so as to obtain a first correlation value result as a combined effort of a strongest path and other paths; removing substantially effect of the strongest path from the first correlation result so as to obtain a second correlation result which exhibits contribution of a fastest path; searching a maximum correlation value and its position of the fastest path so as to determine symbol synchronization timing for initiating FFT processing. The digital signal reception apparatus is characterized by a symbol timing detecting unit for determining symbol synchronization timing of the fastest path through substantially removing the effect of a strongest path.
US09106497B2 Apparatus and method for improving OFDM receiver performance in the presence of narrowband interferers
In an Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex (“OFDM”) system, the problem of an interferer reducing the signal-to-noise ratio of a signal can be mitigated by generating an interferer-correction signal and subtracting it from the signal to be processed. The amplitude, frequency and phase of the interferences are determined first. The frequency is estimated by averaging the squared-magnitude of multiple FFTs of the incoming signal and then locating the spectral peaks. The phase and amplitude may be estimated from this FFT outputs or through a process of correlation in the time domain. The interferer-correction signal is generated from the estimated amplitude, frequency, and phase. The correction to be subtracted from the main signal in order to reduce the effect of the interference may be generated in the time or frequency domain. The subtraction of the correction may also be implemented in the time or frequency domains.
US09106492B2 Digital receiver
A receiver and method is provided for sigma-delta converting an RF signal to a digital signal and downconverting to a digital baseband signal. The RF signal is split into N phases, as can be accomplished using a sample and hold circuit, and each phase is digitized, as can be accomplished using an analog-to-digital (A/D) sigma-delta converter. Polyphase decimation techniques and demodulation are applied to the phased signals to generate a demodulated digital signal. The demodulated digital signal is further downconverted to the appropriate baseband signal.
US09106491B2 Receiver circuit and filtering method used therein
A receiver circuit includes a first mixer that performs frequency conversion on a first signal containing a first frequency entered from outside to output the resulting frequency-converted first signal, and a first selector that selects one out of an output signal of the first mixer and a second signal containing a second frequency entered from outside. A filter removes a pre-set frequency band of the signal selected by the first selector, and a second selector selects between outputting the signal removed of the frequency band to outside and outputting the signal to a subsequent side circuit. A second mixer performs frequency conversion of the signal output from the second selector to output the resulting frequency-converted signal. The second mixer is the subsequent side circuit. The second frequency has a carrier frequency of a radio signal.
US09106490B2 Method, apparatus and system for sharing multimedia content within a peer-to-peer network
A system, method and communication device configuration for sharing multimedia content between network devices, such as UPnP or UPnP/DLNA devices and mobile communication devices, across different local networks or subnets. One possible system arrangement or architecture is based on the communication devices forming groups and then sharing UPnP control messages across the groups. The system arrangement supports enabling group member access to UPnP devices that are in other group devices or reachable via other group devices. By enabling devices to form groups across wide-area networks and distribute UPnP messages within the group members, the system effectively extends the range of a UPnP network. Devices include an overlay middleware and an xDLNA application to provide the functionality to form or join a device group and communicate multimedia content with other devices in the group as if the devices are within the same local network.
US09106488B1 Energy efficient highway addressable remote transducer soft modem
A method and a highway addressable remote transducer (HART) soft modem device for modulating and demodulating analog signals with HART messages are provided. A phase coherent frequency shift keying (FSK) modulator modulates and transmits analog signals with HART messages, and a phase coherent FSK demodulator receives and demodulates the analog signals with the HART messages. The FSK modulator is a digital modulator that outputs 1 or 0 for transmission. With oversampling and low pass filtering, the digital modulation results in low jitter and good signal to noise ratio. The FSK demodulator applies a fast energy detect algorithm and dynamically reduces or increases a clock speed of a central processing unit (CPU) of the HART soft modem device for reducing power consumption of the CPU. Furthermore, the HART soft modem device uses direct memory access (DMA) to further reduce the power consumption, thereby reducing the overall power consumption by around 50%.
US09106487B2 Method and apparatus for a shared I/O network interface controller
A shared network interface controller (NIC) interfaces a plurality of operating system domains as part of the load-store architecture of the operating system domains. A bus interface couples the NIC to a load-store domain bus (such as PCI-Express), using header information to associate data on the bus with an originating operating system domain. Transmit/receive logic connects the NIC to the network. Association logic allows the NIC to designate, and later lookup which destination MAC address (on the Ethernet side) is associated with which operating system domain. Descriptor register files and Control Status Registers (CSR's) specific to an operating system domain are duplicated and made available for each domain. Several direct memory access (DMA) engines are provided to improve throughput. Packet replication logic, filters (perfect and hash) and VLAN tables are used for looping back packets originating from one operating system domain to another and other operations.
US09106480B2 Performing computations in a distributed infrastructure
The present invention extends to methods, systems, and computer program products for performing computations in a distributed infrastructure. Embodiments of the invention include a general purpose distributed computation infrastructure that can be used to perform efficient (in-memory), scalable, failure-resilient, atomic, flow-controlled, long-running state-less and state-full distributed computations. Guarantees provided by a distributed computation infrastructure can build upon existent guarantees of an underlying distributed fabric in order to hide the complexities of fault-tolerance, enable large scale highly available processing, allow for efficient resource utilization, and facilitate generic development of stateful and stateless computations. A distributed computation infrastructure can also provide a substrate on which existent distributed computation models can be enhanced to become failure-resilient.
US09106478B2 System, method and computer program product for scanning portions of data
A scanning system, method and computer program product are provided. In use, portions of data are scanned. Further, access to a scanned portion of the data is allowed during scanning of another portion of the data.
US09106477B1 Anonymous calling
Embodiments of the present invention provide systems, methods, and computer-readable media for initiating anonymous communication between a first user and a second user. In particular, an anonymous communication request is transmitted from a first user to a session management node. The anonymous communication request may include search criteria provided by the first user. Based on the search criteria, the session management node many generate a query to a profile server. The profile server may identify a second user based on the search criteria provided by the first user. Additionally, the profile server may provide an identifier of the second user to the session management node. Further, the session management node may initiate anonymous communication between the first user and the second user.
US09106475B2 Protocol conversion device and protocol conversion method
A protocol conversion device includes: a first protocol control unit transmitting/receiving first protocol data using a first protocol with information corresponding to a set operation mode to/from a first electronic device connected to a relay device and in which connection adjustment is performed by the first protocol; and a second protocol control unit converting second protocol data received through the relay device from a second electronic device connected to the relay device and in which communication is performed by a second protocol into the first protocol data to transmit the data to the first protocol control unit, and converting the first protocol data received by the first protocol control unit through the relay device into the second protocol data to transmit the data to the second electronic device.
US09106470B2 Enhanced decoding and demapping method and apparatus for QAM data signals
A receiver circuit, including a multi-stage QAM de-mapper, for receiving a QAM data signal is disclosed. A first de-mapper circuit recovers a set of encoded data bits from the QAM data signal by calculating a plurality of distances between a received QAM symbol and each of a plurality of possible constellation points. A second de-mapper circuit then generates a set of unencoded data bits for the received QAM symbol based, at least in part, on the plurality of distances calculated by the first de-mapper circuit. The receiver circuit may further include a decoder circuit to decode the set of encoded data bits recovered by the first de-mapper circuit. The second de-mapper circuit may identify a subset of the plurality of possible constellation points based on a result of the decoding and select a constellation point that is associated with the shortest distance of the plurality of distances.
US09106468B1 Transferring media objects from one device to another device
Systems, methods, and computer-readable media for transferring a media object from a source device to a destination device, wherein a portion of the media object has been delivered to the source device. An indication to transfer a media object from the source device to the destination device is recognized. Delivery of the media object to the first device is discontinued. An indication to resume delivery of the media object is received from the destination device. Delivery of the media object is resumed such that the destination device receives the media object. Accordingly, the destination device can present the media object to a user.
US09106458B2 Method for detecting phase and phase detecting system
A phase detection method includes providing by a controller a second control signal having two or more neighboring pulses when the time during which a state of a second control signal is retained is a predetermined time or more, receiving by the controller phase detection results of a phase of a first control signal different from the second control signal in response to the second control signal, and determining by the controller a phase detection result based on a first pulse of the two neighboring pulses of the second control signal, of the phase detection results.
US09106456B1 Adaptive low-complexity channel estimation
Systems, methods, and other embodiments associated with adaptive low-complexity channel estimation are illustrated. In one embodiment an integrated circuit includes a controller configured to control a switch to select between a plurality of processing paths that each perform channel estimation using a different order of operations to process an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexed (OFDM) signal.
US09106455B2 Transport stream generating device, transmitting device, receiving device, and a digital broadcast system having the same, and method thereof
A transport stream (TS) generating apparatus, a transmitting apparatus, a receiving apparatus, a digital broadcast system having the above, and a method thereof are provided. The digital broadcast system includes a transport stream (TS) generating apparatus which generates a multi transport stream (TS) by multiplexing a normal stream and a turbo stream having a variable coding rate, a transmitting apparatus which re-constructs the multi TS by processing the turbo stream, and transmits the re-constructed multi TS, and a receiving apparatus which receives the re-constructed multi TS, and decodes the normal stream and the turbo stream respectively, to recover normal data and turbo data. Accordingly, a multi TS, which includes normal stream and a turbo stream of various coding rates, can be transmitted and received efficiently.
US09106453B2 Remote radio head unit system with wideband power amplifier and method
A remote radio head unit (RRU) system for multiple operating frequency bands, multi-channels, driven by a single or more wide band power amplifiers. More specifically, the present invention enables multiple-bands RRU to use fewer power amplifiers in order to reduce size and cost of the multi-band RRU. The present invention is based on the method of using duplexers and/or interference cancellation system technique to increase the isolation between the transmitter signal and receiver signal of the RRU.
US09106447B2 Systems, methods and apparatus for providing unread message alerts
The present invention includes systems, apparatus and methods for providing message alerts to a user prior to that user communicating with a second party. The user may desire to communicate with a second party by sending a text-based message or by speaking to them through a communications device, such as a cellular phone. Prior to sending the message or speaking with the second party, the device can provide the user with message alerts, the option to review alert content, and/or to view the alert content itself. The message alerts and alert content can be notifications and/or previews of opened/unopened e-mail messages, voicemail messages, text messages, etc. Alert content can be located based on, for example, contact information of the person with whom the user desires to communicate, subject line data of a text-based message, main body data of a text based message, etc.
US09106445B2 Virtual extended network
A network device may receive a data structure, intended for a second computing device, from a first computing device. The network device may determine, based on the first data structure, whether the first computing device and the second computing device correspond to the same virtual network. When then the first computing device and the second computing device correspond to the same virtual network, the network device may communicate the data structure to the second computing device. However, when the first computing device and the second computing device do not correspond to the same virtual network, the network device may disregard the data structure.
US09106438B2 Methods and apparatus for extending MAC control messages in EPON
One embodiment provides a media access control (MAC) module facilitating operations of an Ethernet passive optical network (EPON). The MAC module includes a frame formatter configured to generate a MAC control frame. The generated MAC control frame includes at least one of: an organizationally unique identifier (OUI) field, an QUI-specific operation code (opcode) field, and a number of fields associated with the QUI-specific opcode. Transmission of the MAC control frame facilitates realization of an EPON function based on the fields associated with the QUI-specific opcode.
US09106437B2 Method and system for providing complete internet anywhere with full server assisted processing
A STB, communicatively coupled to a server, receives a web page request when, for example, a URI, is entered into a web browser running in the STB. In response, the STB sends a processing assistance request to the server for processing the entire web page regardless of processing capability of the STB. The STB receives processed information resources or contents associated with the entire web page from the server. The server retrieves information resources or contents associated with the entire web page from a web server based on the received processing assistance request. The server determines content type such as video and/or graphics of the retrieved information resources or contents for corresponding content processing. The server determines content formats supported by the STB for content encoding. The STB decodes the resulting encoded information resources or contents from the server to render the entire web page in the STB.
US09106435B2 Efficient data transmission within MoCA
Embodiments may be disclosed herein that provide systems, devices, and methods of operating a Multimedia over Coax (MoCA) network. One such embodiment is a method comprising: dedicating a portion of a MAP cycle prior to a MAP packet to reservation requests and small data packets; and dedicating a portion of the MAP cycle after the MAP packet to data traffic.
US09106430B1 Arranging content for broadcast in a wireless communication system
In systems and methods of arranging content for broadcast in a wireless communication system, a request is received from a plurality of wireless devices, each associated with a user profile, for content associated with content characteristics. A plurality of content for each of the plurality of wireless devices is generated according to the associated user profile. The plurality of content is arranged according to the content characteristics for broadcasting to the plurality of wireless devices in a multicast transmission.
US09106429B2 Method and system for pre-accessing conference telephone and network side device
A method for pre-accessing a conference telephone is disclosed in the present invention. The method includes that: a network side detects a received call whose target is a main control party after the main control party initiates an encryption conference telephone; the call is not accessed if the call is a non-encryption conversation; the call is allowed to be accessed if the call is an encryption conversation. A system for pre-accessing a conference telephone is also disclosed in the present invention, wherein, the system includes a pre-accessing processing unit and a call type detection unit of the network side. A network side device is also disclosed in the present invention. The present invention realizes the pre-accessing of the encryption conference telephone, thereby improving security of the encryption conversation as well as avoiding the problem that a user is frequently affected when performing the encryption conference telephone.
US09106424B2 Method and system for providing users login access to multiple devices via a communication system
Multiple user, multiple login access to electronic devices in a communication system is provided. In response to user login requests, login access is controlled by providing multiple users login access to plural electronic devices capable of communicating via the communication system. Each electronic device allows multiple users to be logged on or logged off the electronic device concurrently. User profiles and activity are shared between the plural electronic devices.
US09106423B1 Using positional analysis to identify login credentials on a web page
A login credentials identification component uses analysis of the relative positions of text entry fields to identify login credentials on a web page. The login credentials identification component identifies both a password entry field on a web page, and the text entry field immediately preceding the identified password entry field. The login credentials identification component uses the positional relationship between the identified password entry field and the immediately preceding text entry field, as well as other supplemental factors, to determine that the identified text entry field immediately preceding the password entry field comprises a user name entry field.
US09106422B2 System and method for personalized security signature
Embodiments of the present invention provide techniques for authenticating users based on personalized (i.e., user-provided or user-selected) authentication data. In one set of embodiments, the personalized authentication data includes acoustic, image, and/or video data, but is exclusive of biometric data of the user. In this manner, existing acoustic, image, and video-based authentication interfaces/mechanisms may be leveraged, without the problems associated with verifying biometric data. In some embodiments, a user may enroll or register multiple pieces of personalized authentication data into an authentication system. The user may then select one piece of personalized authentication data for use by the system at a time of authentication.
US09106419B2 ACK/NACK transmission for multi-carrier operation with downlink assignment index
Techniques for acknowledging data transmissions in a multi-carrier wireless communication network are disclosed. In one aspect, a UE determines a number of acknowledgement/negative acknowledgement (ACK/NACK) bits for a data transmission on one more component carriers (CCs) based on information obtained from a grant. The grant may be a downlink grant or an uplink grant, and the information obtained may include a number of CCs scheduled for data transmission and/or identifiers of the scheduled CCs. The UE may determine the number of ACK/NACK bits for acknowledging the data transmission based on the number of scheduled CCs and the identifier of each scheduled CC.
US09106418B2 Method of data transmission using HARQ
A method of transmitting data using hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) includes transmitting an uplink data, receiving an ACK signal corresponding to the uplink data, and keeping the uplink data in a HARQ buffer after receiving the ACK signal until an uplink grant is received, the uplink grant comprising information on uplink resource assignment. Data can be more reliably transmitted.
US09106416B2 Front end module with tone injection
A radio front end includes a power amplifier, a tone injection module, a duplexer, a balancing network, and a processor. The tone injection module is operable, in a first mode, to produce a tone having a carrier frequency that is substantially similar to a carrier frequency of an inbound wireless signal. The duplexer is operable, in the first mode, to provide electrical isolation between the outbound wireless signal and a combination signal of the tone and inbound wireless signal and is operable, in a second mode, to provide electrical isolation between the outbound wireless signal and the inbound wireless signal. The processor is operable to determine an amplitude of a tone component of the combination signal; correlate the amplitude of the tone component to an inbound frequency band isolation; and adjust baseband processing of a down converted representation of the combination signal based on the inbound frequency band isolation.
US09106411B2 Secure escrow service
A method of restoring confidential information items of a first device to a second device by using a set of servers. The method generates a public and private key pair and ties the private key to the hash of executable code of the servers at the time of generating the public and private keys. The method receives the encrypted confidential information items in a secure object which is encrypted with a user-specific key and the public key. The method only provides the confidential information to the second device when the second device provides the same user-specific key as the key that encrypts the secure object and the hash of the executable code of the servers at the time of accessing the private key to decrypt the secure object matches the hash of the executable code running on the servers at the time of generating the private key.
US09106410B2 Identity based authenticated key agreement protocol
A key agreement protocol between a first party and a second party comprises the following steps from the first party perspective. An encrypted first random key component is directed to the second party, the first random key component having been computed at the first party and encrypted using a public key of the second party in accordance with an identity based encryption operation. An encrypted second random key component corresponding to the second party is received. The encrypted second random key component is decrypted using a private key of the first party. A session key for use in subsequent communications between the first party and the second party is computed based at least in part on the second random key component.
US09106405B1 Multi-user secret decay
Secret information, such as seeds, codes, and keys, can be automatically renegotiated between at least one sender and at least one recipient. Various mechanisms, such as counters, events, or challenges, can be used to trigger automatic renegotiations through various requests or communications. These changes can cause the current secret information to diverge from older copies of the secret information that might have been obtained by unintended third parties. In some embodiments, a secret can be configured to “decay” over time, or have small changes periodically introduced that can be determined to be valid by an authorized party, but can reduce the effectiveness of prior versions of the secret information.
US09106403B2 Frequency offset estimation method and associated apparatus applied to multi-carrier communication system
A frequency offset estimation method for a multi-carrier communication system is provided. The method includes: transforming a representation of a reception signal from a time domain to a frequency domain, and generating a plurality of symbols; calculating a correlation of two symbols among the symbols, and obtaining a plurality of correlating complex numbers corresponding to a plurality of subcarriers; generating M number of candidate subcarrier position sets according to a subcarrier position set of a specific signal and M number of candidate frequency offsets; calculating M number of calculated values according to the correlating complex numbers corresponding to the M number of candidate subcarrier position sets; and determining a frequency offset according to the maximum calculated value among the M number of calculated values.
US09106401B2 Deterministic synchronization for transmitting signals between different clock domains
One embodiment sets forth a technique for deterministic synchronization of signals that are transmitted between different clock domains. The relative phase difference between a source clock domain and a destination clock domain is characterized and the source clock and/or the destination clock are delayed as needed to generate phase-shifted versions of the source and destination clocks for use during a deterministic operating mode. The phase-shifted versions of the source and destination clocks are non-overlapping, meaning that the rising edge of the destination clock does not occur when the source clock is asserted. The non-overlapping source and destination clocks are used by a deterministic synchronization unit to ensure that signals being transmitting from the source clock domain to the destination clock domain are not sampled within a metastability window.
US09106398B2 Method for transmitting control information in wireless communication system and apparatus therefor
A method for transmitting information data by using a Reed-Muller coding scheme in a wireless communication system is disclosed. The method includes configuring a number of resource elements for transmitting the information data; dividing the information data to first information data and second information data if a bit size O of the information data is equal to or larger than a predetermined number; applying RM coding on each of the first information data and the second information data; concatenating the coded first information data and the coded second information data, and transmitting the concatenated data by using the predetermined number of resource elements, wherein a minimum value Q′min for the number of resource elements is defined by a sum of a minimum value Q′min—1 for the number of resource elements corresponding to the first information data and a minimum value Q′min—2 for the number of resource elements corresponding to the second information data.
US09106395B2 Apparatus and method for transmitting a reference signal in a wireless communication system
A method of transmitting a reference signal by a base station in a wireless communication system is provided. The method includes: generating a plurality of reference signals for channel measurement, wherein the plurality of reference signals for channel measurement are different types; and transmitting the plurality of reference signals for channel measurement, wherein the plurality of reference signals for channel measurement are transmitted using one or more subframes as a duty cycle.
US09106389B2 Interference randomization for uplink signaling
A method for transmitting an acknowledgement/negative acknowledgement is described. Cell-specific symbol-level cyclic shift hopping is applied to data single-carrier frequency division multiplexing symbols of the acknowledgement/negative acknowledgement. A discrete Fourier transform is applied to the data single-carrier frequency division multiplexing symbols. Cell-specific symbol-level phase hopping is applied to the data single-carrier frequency division multiplexing symbols. The data single-carrier frequency division multiplexing symbols are transmitted in a slot.
US09106387B2 Reducing power consumption in a fat-tree network
A method for communication includes configuring a multi-level fat-tree network to include at least three levels of switches, including multiple modules arranged externally in a tree topology. Each module contains a respective group of the switches arranged in an internal tree extending over at least two of the levels of the network. A subset of the modules is selected to be active in carrying the communication traffic. The network is operated so as to convey communication traffic among the switches via the active modules, while the modules that are not in the selected subset remain inactive.
US09106384B2 Receiver apparatus, transmitter apparatus, setting method, and determining method
Provided is a receiver apparatus that can improve the flexibility of setting resource candidates used for transmitting a reference signal. In this apparatus, a setting unit (101) sets a reference signal resource candidate group including a desirable SRS resource candidate group in a macro cell and also including a desirable SRS resource candidate group in a pico cell. The setting unit (101) further generates cancel information used for canceling, from the reference signal resource candidate group, an excessive resource that is included in the reference signal resource candidate group but not included in a first desirable resource candidate group. Then, ID information of a resource pattern, which determines the reference signal resource candidate group, and the cancel information are sent to a terminal (200).
US09106383B2 Method and device for transmitting a signal in a mobile communication system
An embodiment of the present invention relates to a method of a base station to transmit a signal in a wireless communication system. The method includes: transmitting Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH), which includes scheduling information on a resource area of an unlicensed band over a licensed band; and transmitting a sequence, which includes the identifier of a terminal having the resource area allocated, over the unlicensed band. The timing at which the sequence is transmitted may be set prior to a resource area scheduled by the PDCCH.
US09106378B2 Systems, apparatus and methods for communicating downlink information
Systems and methods facilitating communication of downlink information are provided. In one embodiment, a method can include receiving a signal indicative of a base station enabling or disabling a function, wherein the function is configured to transmit information carried in control channels using selected downlink information; receiving the selected downlink information at one or more locations; and determining a resource allocation of at least one of paging information or system information or unicast data information based, at least, on the selected downlink information. The determining can be performed without decoding control channels corresponding to the selected downlink information in response to receiving a signal indicative of the function being enabled.
US09106377B2 Method and device for sending and receiving a reference signal
The present invention relates to a method for sending and receiving a reference signal for a backhaul subframe in a wireless communication system in which a relay is present and also to a device therefor, constituted in such a way that common reference signals for a plurality of receiving devices and reference signals dedicated to separate receiving devices are allocated dispersed in a subframe, and the common reference signals and the dedicated reference signals are generated and are sent and received via the subframe. The present invention can improve the channel estimation performance for subframes in a wireless communication system. In this way, communications efficiency in wireless communication systems can be improved.
US09106376B2 Method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving packet in a communication system
A method for transmitting a packet in a communication system is provided. The method includes dividing a data stream into data payloads of a predetermined size and adding a common header to each of the data payloads, to generate a source payload, adding a first Forward Error Correction (FEC) payload Identifier (ID) to the source payload and applying an FEC code thereto, to generate an FEC source packet for a source payload, adding a second FEC payload ID to at least one parity payload and applying an FEC code thereto, to generate an FEC parity packet for the at least one parity payload, and transmitting the FEC source packet and the FEC parity packet.
US09106373B2 Adjustable transmitter power for high speed links with constant bit error rate
A method and apparatus for dynamically adjusting power of a transmitter is herein described. A transmitter transmits a pattern to a receiver at a differential voltage. The length of the pattern, in one embodiment, is selected to be a reasonable length training pattern, as not to incur an extremely long training phase. If errors are detected at the receiver in the pattern, the transmitter steps the differential voltage until errors are not detected in the pattern at the receiver. The differential voltage, where no errors are detected, is scaled by a proportion of a target confidence level to a measured confidence level associated with the reasonable length training pattern. As a result, a training phase is potentially reduced and power is saved while not sacrificing confidence levels in error rates in the data exchange between the transmitter and receiver.
US09106367B2 Transmitter initiated on-line reconfiguration
A method implemented by a first network component (NC) in a digital subscriber line (DSL) system comprising retrieving an on-line reconfiguration (OLR) request from a control entity (CE), wherein the OLR request is generated by the CE based on a noise increase on a subscriber line between the NC and a second NC in the DSL system, and in response to the OLR request, transmitting a message to a receiver in the second NC to request for a reduced data rate on the subscriber line.
US09106366B2 Distributing data to multiple clients from server
Provided are techniques for distributing data in a trackable manner while suppressing an increase in the size of data to be distributed as much as possible and minimizing interruption of usage of the data. A method for distributing data to multiple clients from a server includes the steps of: generating a common noise by using noises unique to the multiple clients, respectively; embedding the common noise in the data to be distributed to make the data unusable; and distributing the data containing the embedded common noise, so that the data containing the embedded common noise is made usable by each of the multiple clients using a unique noise generated in the client.
US09106359B2 Optical network system, optical multiplexing apparatus, and receiving apparatus
In an optical network system a carrier light propagates along a transmission line. A control light generator included in an optical multiplexing apparatus generates a control light obtained by modulating an intensity-modulated light by a data signal. A multiplexer combines the control light with the carrier light for modulating the carrier light in a nonlinear optical medium in the transmission line by the control light. The carrier light which propagates along the transmission line is modulated in the nonlinear optical medium on the basis of the control light.
US09106353B2 Time synchronization for network testing equipment
The invention relates to time synchronization between network testing elements in distributed network monitoring and testing systems, and provides a condensed PTP process wherein the number of timing messages exchanged between master and slave in one iteration of the time synchronization process is reduced. Furthermore, timing messages are encrypted to provide for a more secure synchronization process. One aspect of the method provides for an automatic detection and adaptive handling of protocol stacks of received timing packets.
US09106349B2 Broadcasting receiver and broadcast signal processing method
A digital broadcasting system which is robust against an error when mobile service data is transmitted and a method of processing data are disclosed. The mobile service data is subjected to an additional coding process and the coded mobile service data is transmitted. Accordingly, it is possible to cope with a serious channel variation while applying robustness to the mobile service data.
US09106341B2 Communication terminal and method for receiving data
According to one aspect of this disclosure, a communication terminal is provided comprising a receiver configured to receive pilot information from a first transmitter via a pilot channel; a controller configured to control the receiver to receive, during a predetermined period, pilot information from a second transmitter; and a channel estimator, configured to provide an estimation of transmission characteristics between the communication terminal and the first transmitter for receiving data from the first transmitter over the communication connection during the predetermined period based on other information about the transmission characteristics between the communication terminal and the first transmitter than the pilot information which is sent by the first transmitter via the pilot channel during the predetermined period.
US09106334B2 Method and system for common-mode-rejection-ratio (CMRR) characterization of an integrated coherent receiver
There are provided a method and a system for characterizing the CMRR of an ICR under test, which employ highly coherent light from two continuous-wave (CW) single-frequency lasers whose respective optical frequencies mutually differ by an offset defining an “Intermediate Frequency” (fIF) in the rf electrical baseband. The method involves the coherent mixing of light from these two lasers in the ICR under test. A “tone” in the rf electrical baseband at frequency fIF is generated by the beating of light from the two single-frequency lasers as they interfere on the photodetectors of the ICR. The resulting tone at frequency fIF in the output electrical signals of the ICR is then detected and analyzed to characterize the CMRR of the ICR.
US09106331B2 Transmission apparatus and processing method thereof
A transmission apparatus includes a package that has a plurality of slots into each of which a board can be freely detachably inserted; at least one control board; a PWE interface communication unit that is connected to the control board, converts an input SDH or PDH signal to a packet signal, and outputs the converted signal to the control board; a radio transmission communication unit that is connected to the control board, converts the packet signal to a radio signal, and outputs the converted signal; and an optical transmission communication unit that is connected to the control board, converts the packet signal to an optical transmission signal, and outputs the converted signal. The units are separately inserted in the slots.
US09106330B2 Wireless communication apparatus and interference avoidance method
A wireless communication apparatus in a first wireless system is provided with first, second and third units, and a controller. The first unit transmits frames over a frequency channel using a short or long IFS as compared with a specific one used in a second wireless system with a communication range wider than the first wireless system. The second unit receives frames over the channel. The third unit determines an error characteristic in the received frames and/or a busy status of the channel. The controller controls at least either one of whether to change the frequency channel or not, and whether to change a duration of an interframe space or not.
US09106328B2 Living body communication apparatus
According to an embodiment, a first communication equipment includes a first communication unit configured to transmit and receive a signal, and a first conductor electrically connected to the first communication unit. A second communication equipment includes a second conductor, a third conductor located in parallel with the second conductor and set to first reference potential, a fourth conductor separated from the second conductor and located substantially orthogonal to the second conductor, a fifth conductor located in parallel with the fourth conductor and set to the first reference potential, a first detection unit configured to detect a first differential output between signal outputs respectively observed by the second conductor and the fourth conductor, and a second communication unit configured to receive the first differential output and transmit and receives a signal.
US09106324B1 Adaptive symbol transition method for OFDM-based cognitive radio systems
Modulated orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) subcarriers generate high sidelobes, resulting in adjacent channel interference (ACI). Current sidelobe suppression techniques, such as inserting guard intervals or cancellation carrier bands, diminish the useful radio spectrum or consume significant wireless device resources. Disclosed is a method of suppressing sidelobes through adding an adaptive extension to OFDM symbols that is calculated to avoid ACI while keeping power consumption to low levels. Bandwidth and user location information are collected by a cognitive radio an utilized to determine the extension used. The method significantly reduces ACI to other bands and reduces the required guard bands, opening the radio spectrum to more efficient use.
US09106322B2 Acoustic transmission
In apparatus for the acoustic transmission of power or data through a solid barrier such as a ships hull, assembly of an acoustic transducer to the hull is facilitated by bonding it first to an intermediate element by a thin layer of bonding adhesive and then bonding the intermediate element to the barrier using a second bonding layer. Acoustic matching of the transducer to the intermediate element is achieved by the thin layer, and the mechanically more robust base of the intermediate element can be rubbed on the barrier surface to displace or abrade away any unwanted debris or imperfections which might otherwise prevent the achievement of a thin second bonding layer. This makes the mounting and bonding process more tolerant of imperfections in the barrier surface due to either surface defects or particulate contamination. The transmit and receive transducers may be positioned relative to each other so as to suppress or attenuate multiple-transit signals. Thus the intermediate element may be wedge shaped to aid suppression of triple-transit signals. Transmit and receive transducers may have different wedge angles.
US09106319B2 Method and arrangement for interference congestion control
In a method of uplink interference congestion control in an interference suppression capable receiving node associated with a plurality of users in a wireless communication system, applying interference suppression to received signals in the node, to provide interference suppressed received signals. Subsequently, estimating a rise over thermal value for the uplink, based on the interference suppressed received signals, and determining a load measure for the uplink based on the estimated rise over thermal value. Finally, controlling interference congestion on the uplink based on the determined load measure.
US09106317B1 Assignment and setup in power line communication systems
Aspects of the present disclosure are directed toward a system that includes a plurality of endpoint devices. Each endpoint device can be configured and arranged to monitor a plurality of communication channels carried over power distribution lines for data communications. The endpoint can detect setup communications that contain an endpoint identifier (ID) matching the endpoint. The endpoint then stores or assigns the organization ID (obtained from the detected communications) to itself. The endpoint configures itself to respond to subsequent operational communications based upon the organization ID. A command center is configured and arranged to transmit setup communications to endpoint devices. The setup communications can include one or more endpoint identifiers and the organization ID. The command center can also transmit operational communications to the plurality endpoint devices, the operational communications including the organization ID.
US09106309B2 Vehicular communication system, vehicular communication apparatus and portable terminal apparatus
A vehicular communication system includes: a vehicular communication apparatus; and a portable terminal apparatus. The vehicular communication apparatus includes: a vehicular storage device that stores a predetermined vehicular application for a predetermined function; and a vehicular input device that enters an operation for the predetermined function. The portable terminal apparatus includes: a mobile storage device that stores a predetermined mobile application for the predetermined function; a mobile input device that enters an operation for the predetermined function; an interoperation detection device that detects establishment of an interoperation state, in which the predetermined vehicular application and the predetermined mobile application interoperate with each other; and an operation input disable device that prevents the mobile input device from entering the operation when the interoperation detection device detects the establishment of the interoperation state.
US09106308B2 Wireless communication device
A wireless communication device may obtain, from each of one or more access points, access point information including network identification information corresponding to the access point. The wireless communication device may determine, in a case where specific network identification information corresponding to a specific access point is selected by a user from among one or more network identification information, whether specific access point information obtained from the specific access point includes support information indicating that the specific access point is supporting an automatic wireless setting mode. The wireless communication device may perform a wireless setting in accordance with the automatic wireless setting mode in a first case where a determination is made that the specific access point information includes the support information.
US09106306B2 Communication apparatus and method for controlling the communication apparatus
A method for controlling a communication apparatus includes communicating with an external device through close proximity wireless communication, receiving a remote control signal transmitted from a remote controller, storing a remote control setting which enables or disables an operation of the remote controller, making a determination as to whether a connection between the communication apparatus and the external device through the close proximity wireless communication is established, and controlling an operation of the remote controller for the communication apparatus on the basis of the determination.
US09106302B2 Wireless communication system, communication control method, and relay station
The present invention relates to a wireless communication system, a communication control method, and a relay station. The wireless communication system includes: a wireless terminal; a plurality of base stations; and a relay station, wherein the relay station defines a wirelessly communicable base station among the plurality of base stations as a candidate for a master station, in a case where a plurality of the candidates for the master station are present, acquires priority order setting information for setting priority orders of connection regarding the respective candidates for the master station, and sets the priority orders of the connection based on the priority order setting information. Then, in a case where the relay station has received a connection request from the wireless terminal, the control unit decides a candidate for the master station, which has a highest priority order of the connection, as an optimal master station.
US09106300B1 Method and apparatus for detecting narrow-band interference in a communication system
Aspects of the disclosure provide a method for detecting interference. The method includes receiving a plurality of frequency components of a signal received at a first device, identifying, among the plurality of frequency components, first frequency components that are not corrupted by interference, determining a noise power threshold based on the first frequency components, and comparing powers of the plurality of frequency components with the noise power threshold to determine second frequency components to be suppressed during decoding of the signal.
US09106294B2 Apparatus and method for uplink closed loop transmit diversity
An apparatus, method, and computer program product operable to determine a phase of a beamforming weight vector utilizing a memory of a previously used phase for the beamforming weight vector, capable of improving a channel estimate. A base station transmits a beamforming weight vector to a user equipment based on a determined channel estimate. The user equipment selects between the received beamforming weight vector, or a modified beamforming weight vector having its phase shifted by −360°, in accordance with a suitable selection criteria. That is, the selection is made such that a difference between the phase of the selected beamforming vector and a phase of a prior beamforming vector is within a predetermined range.
US09106289B2 Antenna device and method for precoding data in a multiple-input multiple-output system
An antenna device and method for precoding data in a MIMO system. The antenna device comprises a plurality of physical antennas in a distributed antenna system and a MIMO precoder. The MIMO precoder has a plurality of inputs for a plurality of data streams and a plurality of outputs for the plurality of data streams. A second precoder is disposed in series with the MIMO precoder. The second precoder maps a data stream to an output associated with a physical antenna port associated with at least one of the plurality of physical antennas.
US09106287B2 Unitary precoding based on randomized FFT matrices
Systems and methodologies are described that facilitate constructing unitary matrices that may be utilized in linear precoding for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless communication systems. Each unitary matrix may be generated by combining (e.g., multiplying) a diagonal matrix with a Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) matrix. The unitary matrices may be utilized to provide feedback related to a channel and/or control transmission over a channel based upon obtained feedback.
US09106285B1 Beamforming signaling in a wireless network
A wireless receives at least one channel state input information element (IE) from a first base station. The wireless device computes a precoding matrix indicator (PMI) employing, at least in part, the at least one channel state input IE and measurement of signals received from a second base station. The wireless device transmits the PMI to the first base station.
US09106282B2 Method and apparatus for sending and receiving channel state information in multiple-input multiple-output network wireless communication systems
A method and an apparatus for sending and receiving channel state information in network Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) wireless communication systems are provided. Hybrid feedback technology is provided to transfer complete Channel State Information (CSI) to a transmitter by efficiently combining limited amounts of long-term channel information and short-term channel information are In a down link MIMO network system.
US09106279B2 Methods and apparatus of adapting number of advertised transmit antenna ports
Apparatuses and methods of advertising antenna ports to UEs is provided. In an aspect, a device may receive an advertisement regarding transmit antenna ports for legacy UE operation and transmit antenna ports for advanced UE operation. The advertisement may indicate a number of transmit antenna ports set for legacy UE operation and a different number of transmit antenna ports set for advanced UE operation. The device may also receive all control channels for legacy and advanced UE operation via the transmit antenna ports for legacy UE operation, and receive first reference signals via the transmit antenna ports for legacy UE operation and second reference signals via the transmit antenna ports for advanced UE operation. The first reference signals are received in all subframes, and the second reference signals are received in a subset of all the subframes based at least in part on a subframe configuration.
US09106278B2 Data transmission in a wide area mobile network
A method for data transmission in a wide area mobile network supporting both MIMO User Equipments and non MIMO User Equipments includes allocating in a first signal the traffic of non MIMO user Equipments, a first MIMO data stream and a primary pilot channel, allocating in a second signal a second MIMO data stream and a secondary pilot channel, and transmitting the first signal and the second signal with two orthogonal circular polarizations.
US09106276B2 Method and apparatus for reference signal transmission and reception
In one aspect, the teachings herein disclose methods and apparatuses for improved reference signal reception in a wireless device configured for operation in a wireless communication network. In one embodiment, the network provides assistance information that indicates a received timing or frequency offset of a second reference signal relative to a first reference signal that is transmitted from a first antenna port. The second reference signal is transmitted by the wireless communication network from a second antenna port that is quasi co-located with the first antenna port with respect to timing, frequency and/or delay spread, and the wireless device is configured to use the assistance information to configure its receiver timing and/or frequency offset for reception of the second reference signal. Such operation reduces the “search” space in time and/or frequency needed at the wireless device, thereby improving and simplifying reception of the second reference signal.
US09106275B2 Accelerometer tap detection to initiate NFC communication
A communications device, method and system include a processor and a Near Field Communications (NFC) circuit connected to the processor and configured to communicate using an NFC communications protocol. An accelerometer is connected to the processor and configured to generate a signal to the processor upon a tapping engagement with an NFC enabled device. In response, the processor activates the NFC circuit to transmit or receive data with the NFC enabled device using the NFC communications protocol.
US09106274B2 Dual carrier separation
Disclosed are various embodiments providing carrier separation to effectuate a dual carrier operation of a wireless communication device. Processing circuitry may acquire a single carrier signal based on a determined time slot boundary, the single carrier signal comprising primary carrier data. The processing circuitry may receive a dual carrier radio frequency signal based on the determined time slot boundary, the dual carrier radio frequency signal comprising the primary carrier data and secondary carrier data. The processing circuitry may then generate a baseband dual carrier signal by demodulating the dual carrier radio frequency signal. The processing circuitry may separate the primary carrier data from the baseband dual carrier signal by filtering the baseband dual carrier signal. The processing circuitry may also separate the secondary carrier data from the baseband dual carrier signal by filtering the baseband dual carrier signal.
US09106273B2 Communication system, communication method, and data processing apparatus
A communication system and communication method enable various types of near field communication. NFC communication apparatuses have two features in that each can perform communication in two communication modes and that each can perform data transmission at a plurality of transfer rates. The two communication modes consist of a passive mode and an active mode. In the passive mode, between the NFC communication apparatuses, for example, a first NFC communication apparatus transmits data to a second NFC communication apparatus by modulating electromagnetic waves generated by itself, while the second NFC communication apparatus transmits data to the first NFC communication apparatus by performing load modulation on the electromagnetic waves generated by the first NFC communication apparatus. Alternatively, in the active mode, either of the NFC communication apparatuses transmits data by modulating electromagnetic waves generated by itself. The present innovation can be applied to, for example, an IC card system, etc.
US09106267B1 Near field communication session feedback
A mobile phone comprising a cellular communication radio transceiver, a near field communication (NFC) radio transceiver, a processor, a memory, and an application stored in the memory. When executed by the processor, the application presents an indication of the initiation and an indication of the conclusion of a communication link between the near field communication radio transceiver and a near field communication transceiver external to the mobile phone.
US09106263B2 Data processing device and data processing method
Data processing devices and data process methods that can increase tolerance for data errors. An LDPC encoder performs encoding with an LDPC code having the code length of 16200 bits and one of the six code rates of 1/5, 1/3, 2/5, 4/9, 3/5, and 2/3. The parity check matrix H of the LDPC code is formed by arranging the elements “1” of an information matrix in the column direction in 360-column cycles, the information matrix corresponding to the information length of the parity check matrix H, the information length corresponding to the code length and the code rate, the information matrix being defined by a check matrix initial value table that shows the positions of the elements “1” of the information matrix at intervals of 360 columns. The check matrix initial value table is designed for digital broadcasting intended for portable terminals, for example. The present invention can be applied to cases where LDPC encoding and LDPC decoding are performed.
US09106259B2 Method and apparatus for performing a CRC check
A description is given of an apparatus that includes a division unit configured to receive a data stream and to divide the received data stream into a plurality of data segments. The apparatus further includes a plurality of first CRC check units, wherein each of the first CRC check units is configured to perform a first CRC check of a respective one of the plurality of data segments, the plurality of first CRC checks being performed concurrently, and wherein each of the first CRC check units is configured to perform a second CRC check based on an output of the respective first CRC check unit.
US09106257B1 Checksumming encapsulated network packets
Methods and apparatus for checksumming network packets encapsulated according to an encapsulation protocol are described in which a single checksum is performed at the encapsulation layer, with checksum generation performed at the source encapsulation layer and checksum validation performed at the destination encapsulation layer. The packet source and packet destination may be informed by the encapsulation layer that a checksum operation is not necessary for the network packets. By performing checksumming at the encapsulation layer, the method may reduce overhead as checksum computation is initiated once rather than twice as in conventional encapsulation techniques. In addition, checksum algorithms may be used that provide stronger error detection or correction than is provided by standard network protocol checksumming, different checksum algorithms may be selected for different paths according to one or more criteria, and checksum operations may be offloaded to hardware.
US09106255B1 Digital technique for excess loop delay compensation in a continuous-time delta sigma modulator
A continuous time delta sigma modulator includes a quantizer and a reference module. The quantizer includes: a first comparator that generates a first digital output based on a comparison of a first reference potential with an input generated based on a sample of an analog signal; and a second comparator that generates a second digital output based on a comparison of a second reference potential with the input generated based on the sample of the analog signal. The reference module varies the first and second reference potentials based on the first and second digital outputs.
US09106253B2 AD conversion circuit and solid-state imaging apparatus
An AD conversion circuit and a solid-state imaging apparatus reduce the occurrence of errors in encoding a lower phase signal while securing a degree of freedom of selection of a count clock. A detection circuit performs an operation of detecting logic states of m (m is a natural number of 2 or more) lower phase signals in a signal group that a plurality of lower phase signals latched by the latch unit is arranged, while selecting the m lower phase signals in a predetermined order so that the order thereof becomes the same as the order of the signal group and outputs a state detection signal at the time of detecting that the logic states of the m lower phase signals are in a predetermined logic state in the detection operation. The predetermined order is defined depending on a predetermined signal and an encoding method.
US09106251B2 Data compression utilizing longest common subsequence template
In response to receipt of an input string, an attempt is made to identify, in a template store, a closely matching template for use as a compression template. In response to identification of a closely matching template that can be used as a compression template, the input string is compressed into a compressed string by reference to a longest common subsequence compression template. Compressing the input string includes encoding, in a compressed string, an identifier of the compression template, encoding substrings of the input string not having commonality with the compression template of at least a predetermined length as literals, and encoding substrings of the input string having commonality with the compression template of at least the predetermined length as a jump distance without reference to a base location in the compression template. The compressed string is then output.
US09106250B2 Image coding method and decoding method, image coding apparatus and decoding apparatus, camera, and imaging device
An image coding method includes: a predictive pixel generation step of generating a predictive value from at least one surrounding pixel located near a compression target pixel; a code conversion step of code-converting the pixel data to generate a Gray code; and quantizing bit change information (exclusive OR) between the generated Gray code and a Gray code of the predictive value to a quantization value, to compress the pixel data. This prevents significant image quality degradation, so that high image quality can be achieved.
US09106248B1 Analog to digital converter
The present invention relates to an analog to digital converter. The analog to digital converter includes comparing modules at multi levels, where a comparing module at each level includes a comparator and a metastable state determining unit. The comparator is configured to, when a previous-level comparing module is not in a metastable state, receive a first clock, a first input signal, and a second input signal, and compare the first input signal with the second input signal. The metastable state determining unit is configured to, when the previous-level comparing module is not in a metastable state, receive the first clock, generate a reference clock according to the first clock, and if a second clock that is output by the comparator is later than the reference clock, determine that the current-level comparing module is in a metastable state.
US09106247B2 ADC testing
A histogram-based method for testing an electronic converter device, such as an analogue to digital converter, includes steps of defining at least one histogram hyperbin arranged to store hits for at least one subrange of output codes; applying an input test stimulus to an input of the device to test a subrange of output codes matched to the hyperbin; and accumulating the histogram. At least two hyperbins may be provided, each bin being arranged to store hits for at least one subrange of output codes, and the input test stimulus is applied to an input of the device to test a subrange of output codes matched to one of the hyperbins. Both hyperbins may be open while the histogram is being accumulated for any subrange of output codes. The method may further involve varying the input stimulus to test another subrange.
US09106246B2 Successive approximation register analog-to-digital converter and associated control method
The present invention provides a successive approximation register analog-to-digital converter (SAR ADC), where a high bit capacitor of the SAR ADC is composed of a plurality of sub-capacitors, and these sub-capacitors are calibrated when the SAR ADC is working. Therefore, the working speed of the SAR ADC will not be influenced. In addition, a capacitance of each sub-capacitor is lower than a redundant capacitance of the SAR ADC, therefore, input signals of the SAR ADC are allowed to have full swing.
US09106243B2 Successive approximation analog-to-digital converter and method of analog-to-digital conversion
An analog-to-digital converter includes a digital-to-analog converting circuit, a comparator, a comparator offset detector, and a signal processing circuit. The digital-to-analog converting circuit generates a reference voltage signal that changes in response to a comparator offset compensation signal, samples and holds an analog input signal, and performs a digital-to-analog conversion on digital output data to generate a hold voltage signal. The comparator compares the hold voltage signal with the reference voltage signal in response to a clock signal to generate a comparison output voltage signal. The comparator offset detector generates the comparator offset compensation signal based on the comparison output voltage signal. The signal processing circuit performs successive approximation based on the comparison output voltage signal to generate the digital output data.
US09106242B2 Digital correction techniques for data converters
A method and apparatus is disclosed to compensate for impairments within a data converter such that its output is a more accurate representation of its input. The data converter includes a main data converter, a reference data converter, and a correction module. The main data converter may be characterized as having the impairments. As a result, the output of the main data converter is not the most accurate representation of its input. The reference data converter is designed such that the impairments are not present. The correction module estimates the impairments present within the main data converter using its output and the reference data converter to generate corrections coefficients. The correction module adjusts the output of the main data converter using the corrections coefficients to improve the performance of the data converter.
US09106239B1 Data converter with redundancy for error correction
Methods, devices, and apparatus include systems and techniques for error correction. According to an aspect, a device includes analog-to-digital conversion comparators configured to effect analog-to-digital conversion of an analog input signal; redundant comparators configured to effect error correction for the analog-to-digital conversion; and encoder circuitry configured to generate a digital output signal based on outputs of the analog-to-digital conversion comparators and the redundant comparators.
US09106237B2 Oscillation circuit, electronic apparatus, and moving object
An oscillation circuit is connected to a resonator element (crystal resonator) and oscillates a resonator element to output an oscillation signal. The oscillation circuit includes an amplification element (inverter), and a set of variable capacitive elements having at least two variable capacitive elements, which are connected to an oscillation loop from an output to an input of the amplification element and the capacitance values thereof are controlled with potential differences between reference voltages and a variable control voltage. In each variable capacitive element of a set of variable capacitive elements, the common control voltage is applied to one terminal, and the reference voltage which differs between the variable capacitive elements is input to the other terminal.
US09106233B1 Method and apparatus for synchronization
Aspects of the disclosure provide a circuit that includes a clock synchronization circuit. The clock synchronization circuit is configured to determine a sub-cycle offset between a first clock signal and a second clock signal, and select rising/failing edges of the first clock signal and the second clock signal based on the sub-cycle offset for enabling communication between a first clock domain that is operative in response to the first clock signal and a second clock domain that is operative in response to the second clock signal.
US09106230B1 Input-output circuitry for integrated circuits
An integrated such as a programmable integrated circuit may include input-output pins that have associated input-output circuits. An input-output circuit may include memory interface circuits, clock recovery interface circuits, shared interpolator circuitry, and selection circuitry that may be configured to convey control signals from selected interface circuits to the shared interpolator circuitry. The interpolator circuitry may receive multiple clock signals and perform phase interpolation operations on the clock signals based on the selected control signals to produce modified clock signals. The modified clock signals may be used by the selected interface circuits for communications over the input-output pins. Logic design computing equipment such as computing equipment having CAD tools may be used to configure the selection circuitry.
US09106229B1 Programmable interposer circuitry
A multichip package that includes a programmable interposer is provided. Multiple integrated circuits may be mounted on the interposer. Active circuitry may also be embedded in the interposer device to facilitate protocol-based communications, debugging, and other desired circuit operations. The interposer device may include programmable interconnect routing circuitry that serves primarily to provide routing for the different circuits within the multichip package. A design tool may be used to design the interposer device. The design tool may include a standard die footprint library from which standard interface templates can be selected when designing an interposer device that has to communicate various on-interposer integrated circuits. The use of standard die footprints may simplify the design of interposers by enabling a family of devices to interface with a given interposer.
US09106222B2 On-die system and method for controlling termination impedance of memory device data bus terminals
A system for controlling the termination impedance of memory device data bus terminals is fabricated on the same die as the memory device. The system includes a termination resistor connected to each data bus terminal, which is connected in parallel with several transistors that are selectively turned on to adjust the termination impedance. The transistors are controlled by a circuit that determines the resistance of the termination resistor and turns on the correct number of transistors to properly set the termination impedance. In one example, the resistance of the termination resistor is determined by measuring a resistor of the same type as the termination resistor. In another example, the resistance of the termination resistor is determined indirectly by measuring parameters that affect the resistance of the termination resistor. In either case, the system can maintain the termination impedance of the data bus terminals constant despite changes in the termination resistor.
US09106221B2 Adaptive termination
A system for receiving data is provided the system includes an inductive data device, such as a device that receives high-speed data over an inductive coupling. An adjustable impedance is coupled to the inductive data device, where the adjustable impedance is used for dynamically controlling ringing in the inductive data device, such as by damping ringing signals generated by circuit inductances or capacitances.
US09106220B2 Methods and systems for high bandwidth chip-to-chip communications interface
Systems and methods are described for transmitting data over physical channels to provide a high bandwidth, low latency interface between integrated circuit chips with low power utilization. Communication is performed using group signaling over multiple wires using a vector signaling code, where each wire carries a low-swing signal that may take on more than two signal values.
US09106218B2 Embedded non-volatile memory circuit for implementing logic functions across periods of power disruption
A circuit having an autonomous ferroelectric memory latch (AML) is disclosed. An AML characterized by an AML input, an AML output, a first AML power contact, a second AML power contact and an AML state, and a first switch in series with one of the AML input or the AML output. The switch is positioned to prevent the state of the AML from changing when power is provided between the first and second AML power contacts. In one aspect of the invention, the circuit could include a second switch in series with the other of the AML input or the AML output and a latch in series with the AML input or the AML output. The latch is positioned such that a direct path back does not exist between the AML output and the AML input.
US09106215B2 Oscillation stop detection circuit and electronic device
Provided is an oscillation stop detection circuit having low current consumption, which is capable of detecting stop of oscillation regardless of whether an input signal stops at High or Low and thereby accurately measuring an oscillation stop detection period. The oscillation stop detection circuit includes: a pulse generation circuit for outputting a one-shot pulse in synchronization with an oscillation signal input from an input terminal; a capacitor including one terminal connected to a first power supply terminal and another terminal connected to an output terminal; a constant current circuit connected between the first power supply terminal and the another terminal of the capacitor; and a switch circuit connected between an output terminal of the pulse generation circuit and the another terminal of the capacitor, for connecting the another terminal of the capacitor to a second power supply terminal based on the one-shot pulse.
US09106213B2 Bit generation apparatus and bit generation method
A bit generation apparatus includes a glitch generation circuit that generates glitch signals which include a plurality of pulses, and T-FF bit generation circuits which input the glitch signals, and based on either rising edges or falling edges of the plurality of pulses included in the glitch signals, generate a bit value of either 0 or 1. Each of the T-FF bit generation circuits generates a respective bit value based on either the parity of the number of rising edges or the parity of the number of falling edges of the plurality of pulses. As a result of employment of the T-FF bit generation circuits, circuits that are conventionally required but not essential for the glitch become unnecessary. This serves to prevent expansion in circuit scale and increase in processing time of bit generation for the bit generation circuit.
US09106212B2 Method and apparatus for interfacing integrated circuits (ICs) that operate at different supply voltages
A Tx IC and an Rx IC that use different supply voltages are mounted on a circuit board and interfaced via traces of the board. The configuration of the Tx IC is such that DC decoupling is provided between the ICs while also preventing inadvertent turn-on of the ESD diodes of the Rx IC. These features make it possible to provide DC decoupling between high-performance Tx ICs that use relatively high supply voltages and Rx ICs that use relatively low supply voltages without the need for AC coupling capacitors and while also preventing ESD protection of the Rx IC from being degraded.
US09106209B2 Gate driving unit having gate signal of reduced off-time and liquid crystal display device having the same
Disclosed are a gate driving unit capable of having reduced design area and power consumption by reducing an off-time of a gate signal, and an LCD device having the same. The gate driving unit includes N stage circuit units driven by receiving a start signal and first to fourth clock signals from the outside, wherein each stage circuit unit is configured to output gate signals by at least one of the first to fourth clock signals, and to receive gate signals output from an (N+3)th stage circuit unit to thus use as reset signals.
US09106208B2 Switched-capacitor band-pass filter of a discrete-time type, in particular for cancelling offset and low-frequency noise of switched-capacitor stages
A band-pass filter made up by an operational amplifier and by an input circuit. The input circuit is formed by a capacitive filtering element, connected to the input of the operational amplifier; a coupling switch, coupled between an input node and the capacitive filtering element; a capacitive sampling element, coupled between the input of the filter and the input node; and a sampling switch, coupled between the input node and a reference-potential line. The coupling switch and the input sampling switch close in phase opposition according to a succession of undesired components sampling and sensing steps, so that the capacitive sampling element forms a sampler for sampling the undesired component in the undesired components sampling step, in the absence of the component of interest, and forms a subtractor of the undesired components from the input signal in the sensing step.
US09106207B2 Switching power amplifier system for multi-path signal interleaving
A switching power amplifier for multi-path signal interleaving includes a signal splitter configured to split a multi-bit source signal from a digital source into a plurality of multi-bit signals, one or more fractional delay filters configured to delay one or more signals of the plurality of signals by a selected time, a plurality of bit-stream converters, each bit-stream converter configured to receive one of the multi-bit signals, each bit-stream converter further configured to generate a single-bit signal based on a received multi-bit signal, a plurality of switching power amplifiers, each switching power amplifier configured to receive a single-bit signal from one of the bit-stream converters, and an interleaver configured to generate an interleaved output by interleaving two or more outputs of the switching power amplifiers, wherein a sampling frequency of the interleaved output of the interleaver is greater than the selected sampling frequency of the multi-bit source signal.
US09106205B2 Wireless SAW sensors having integrated antennas
A wireless surface acoustic wave sensor includes a piezoelectric substrate, a surface acoustic wave device formed on the substrate, and an antenna formed on the substrate. In some embodiments, the antenna is formed on the surface of the substrate using one or more of photolithography, thin film processing, thick film processing, plating, and printing.
US09106204B2 Four LC element balun
A balun includes an unbalanced port having a single-ended terminal, a balanced port having first and second differential terminals, and first and second series resonant LC circuits. The first series resonant LC circuit is connected between the first and second differential terminals, and includes a first element of a first type and one element of a second type connected in series. The second series resonant LC circuit is connected between the single-ended terminal and ground, and includes second and third elements of the first type and the one element of the second type connected in series. The one element of the second type is shared by the first and second series resonant LC circuits. The first differential terminal is connected between the one element of the second type and the third element of the first type.
US09106203B2 Secure wireless energy transfer in medical applications
A medical device-powering wireless receiver for use with a first electromagnetic resonator coupled to a power supply includes a load configured to power the medical device using electrical power, and a second electromagnetic resonator adapted to be housed within the medical device and configured to be coupled to the load, wherein the second electromagnetic resonator is configured to be wirelessly coupled to the first electromagnetic resonator to provide resonant, non-radiative wireless power to the second electromagnetic resonator from the first electromagnetic resonator; wherein the square root of the product of the respective Q factors is greater than 100; and an authorization facility to confirm compatibility of the resonators and provide authorization for initiation of transfer of power.
US09106202B2 Poly-phase filter with phase tuning
A poly-phase filter receives inphase input signals I and Ī and quadrature input signals Q and Q, and provides inphase output signals Iout and Iout and quadrature output signals Qout and Qout. The capacitance of each variable capacitor connected to the terminals providing inphase output signals Iout and Iout is and the capacitance of each variable capacitor connected to the terminals providing quadrature output signals Qout and Qout, are different in value, and preferably by twice a predetermined value. This is because adjustment to the capacitance values may be made to each set of variable capacitors by the predetermined value.
US09106193B2 Variable gain amplifier
According to an embodiment, a variable gain amplifier includes a differential transistor pair including a first and second transistor. A variable resistor for setting a gain is connected between electrodes the transistor pair. A first variable capacitor is connected to an electrode of the first transistor, and a second variable capacitor is connected to an electrode of the second transistor. Corresponding to the gain setting set by adjusting the variable resistor, capacitance values of the variable capacitors can be adjusted to provide improved frequency characteristics of the variable gain amplifier.
US09106192B2 System and method for device playback calibration
Systems and methods are provided for device playback calibration. In one example, a calibration device with a microphone and signal processor may detect audio content rendered by a playback device. The calibration device may transmit the detected audio content to a processing unit configured to determine an equalization setting for optimal playback of the playback device based on the received detected audio content and a relative distance and direction between the playback device and the calibration device. The calibration device may further be configured to modulate the detected audio content before transmitting the detected audio content to the processing unit to accommodate for a limited frequency range of the processing unit. In this case, the processing unit may demodulate the received signal prior to determining the equalization setting. The processing unit may then transmit the determined equalization setting to the playback device according to a wireless communication protocol.
US09106189B2 Operational amplifier circuit and method for enhancing driving capacity thereof
An operational amplifier circuit configured to drive a load is provided. The operational amplifier circuit includes an output stage module. The output stage module includes a detection circuit and an output stage circuit. The detection circuit is configured to detect a current output voltage and a previous output voltage based on a comparison result of a current input voltage and the current output voltage. The detection circuit enhances a charge capacity or a discharge capacity of the output stage circuit for the load based on a detection result. Furthermore, a method for enhancing the driving capacity of the operational amplifier circuit is also provided.
US09106188B2 Amplifying device and method for controlling the same
An amplifying device includes a first pre-distorter unit outputting a modulated signal obtained by adding a phase compensation amount and an amplitude adjustment amount to an input signal, a power amplifier inputting the modulated signal and outputting an output signal obtained by amplifying the modulated signal, a power supply voltage modulation unit modulating a power supply voltage, a second pre-distorter unit controlling the power supply voltage modulation unit on the basis of amplitude information on the input signal; and a control unit controlling an operation of the first pre-distorter unit and the second pre-distorter unit, wherein the control unit includes a phase control unit controlling the phase compensation amount by using a phase coefficient, a first amplitude control unit controlling the amplitude adjustment amount by using a first amplitude coefficient, and a second amplitude control unit controlling the operation of the second pre-distorter unit by using a second amplitude coefficient.
US09106186B1 Reduced gain variation biasing for short channel devices
An amplifier biasing circuit that reduces gain variation in short channel amplifiers, an amplifier biasing circuit that produces a constant Gm biasing signal for short channel amplifiers, and a multistage amplifier that advantageously incorporates embodiment of both types of amplifier biasing circuits are described. Both amplifier biasing circuit approaches use an operational amplifier to equalize internal bias circuit voltages. The constant Gm biasing circuit produces a Gm of 1/R, where R is the value of a trim variable resistor value. The biasing circuit that reduces gain variation produces a Gm of approximately 1/R, where R is the value of a trim variable resistor value, however, the biasing circuit is configurable to adjust the bias circuit Gm to mitigate the impact of a wide range of circuit specific characteristics and a wide range of changes in the operational environment in which the circuit can be used, such as changes in temperature.
US09106183B2 Variable switched DC-to-DC voltage converter
A voltage converter can be switched among two or more modes to produce an output voltage tracking a reference voltage that can be of an intermediate level between discrete levels corresponding to the modes. One or more voltages generated from a power supply voltage, such as a battery voltage, can be compared with the reference voltage to determine whether to adjust the mode. The reference voltage can be independent of the power supply voltage.
US09106181B2 Power amplifier circuit
Linearity and power efficiency in a power amplifier circuit are enhanced. The power amplifier circuit includes a first transistor that amplifies a signal input to the base and that outputs the amplified signal from the collector and a first capacitor that is disposed between the base and the collector of the first transistor and that has voltage dependency of a capacitance value lower than that of a base-collector parasitic capacitance value of the first transistor.
US09106180B2 Variable phase shifter, semiconductor integrated circuit and phase shifting method
A variable phase shifter. The variable phase shifter includes: a transmission line that outputs quadrature signals from a pair of output ports in response to an input signal of a specific frequency; a synthesizer that includes a first transistor connected to a first port of the pair of output ports and a second transistor connected to a second port of the pair of output ports, and that on input of the input signal takes signals output from the pair of output ports of the transmission line with a phase according to their respective load impedances and employs the first and the second transistors to amplify and combine the signals; and a phase controller that controls the phase of the output signal that is combined and output by the synthesizer by controlling the amplification operation of each of the first and second transistors of the synthesizer.
US09106179B2 Voltage-controlled oscillators and related systems
Apparatus are provided for voltage-controlled oscillators and related systems. An exemplary voltage-controlled oscillator includes an active-circuit arrangement that facilitates generation of an oscillating signal, and a resonator arrangement capacitively coupled to the active-circuit arrangement to influence an oscillation frequency of the oscillating signal based on a difference between a first control voltage and a second control voltage.
US09106178B2 Apparatus for controlling motor for electric vehicle and method for reducing torque ripple using the same
An apparatus controlling an electric vehicle motor and a method to reduce torque ripple using the same are provided.A field current flowing in a rotor field coil is controlled by generating a negative phase ripple current with respect to torque ripple according to each position of the rotor, allowing torque ripple of the motor to be reduced without degrading output torque. Additionally, in an operation region of a high torque section, torque ripple is reduced by controlling a field current by increasing an AC component of a negative phase ripple current, and in an operation region of a low torque section, torque ripple is reduced by controlling a field current by decreasing an AC component of a negative phase ripple current. That is, torque ripple of a motor can be reduced by controlling only a field current.
US09106174B2 Rotary electrical machine control device
An inverter control section controls the inverter by controlling an armature current in a two-axis orthogonal coordinate system that rotates in synchronization with the rotary electric machine, the armature current being a vector obtained by synthesizing a field current and a drive current extending along respective axes of the orthogonal coordinate system. If it is determined that connection between the DC power source section and the inverter is in a blocked state, the inverter control section executes zero-torque control in which the inverter is controlled such that torque regenerated by the rotary electric machine becomes zero, and executes high-loss control in which the field current is varied so as to increase the armature current while maintaining a torque command provided in the zero-torque control.
US09106172B2 Electric machine temperature control
A test automation system may specify a temperature setpoint for an electric machine system and generate a command for the electric machine system to output a torque in such a manner that a temperature of the electric machine system varies within a predefined range of the temperature setpoint for at least a predefined period of time.
US09106171B2 Power supply compensation for an actuator
A mechanism for compensating power to a motor or actuator. Compensation may counter the effects of changing voltage levels of power to the motor and varying temperatures at the motor. An output of a wave generator may be input to a comparator along with a level of voltage representing the temperatures and voltage levels. An output may be a power signal for driving the motor at a constant speed and/or torque which can increase a maintenance-free lifetime of the motor and actuator.
US09106170B2 Control device of AC motor
A control device for controlling a three phase AC motor with an inverter includes: a current acquisition device for a current of the motor; a rotation angle acquisition device for a rotation angle of the motor; a current estimation device for a current estimated value; a first voltage command value operation device for a first voltage command value; a voltage command reference value operation device for a voltage command reference value; a second voltage command value operation device for a second voltage command value; a control mode switching device for first and second control modes generating a drive signal of the inverter based on the first and second voltage command value, respectively; and a number-of-revolutions operation device. When the revolution number is more than a threshold, the first control mode is selected. When the revolution number is not more than the threshold, the second control mode is selected.
US09106167B2 Method and apparatus for driving a sensorless BLDC/PMSM motor
A method for driving a BLDC motor comprising at least three stator windings, comprising: a) determining a time period, and energizing during the time period two of the windings and leaving a third winding un-energized, based on a first motor state; b) measuring a first voltage representative for the back-EMF generated in the un-energized winding shortly before expiry of the time period; c) applying a commutation at expiry of the current time period; d) measuring a second voltage shortly after the commutation, and calculating a subsequent time period; e) repeating steps b) and c). An electrical circuit and a controller are provided for performing these methods.
US09106164B2 Motor control device, image forming apparatus including the motor control device, and motor control method
A motor control device to execute speed control and position control of motor simultaneously, includes a target position information provider, a target speed information provider, a detected position information detector, a processor to add position feedback information, position feed-forward information, speed feedback information, and speed feed-forward information for output as motor control information, based on the target position information, the setting target speed information, and the detected position speed information, a control voltage generator operatively connected to the processor to generate a control voltage to drive the motor in accordance with the motor control information, and a motor driver operatively connected to the control voltage generator and the motor to control rotation of the motor based on the control voltage.
US09106163B2 Control device of AC motor
A control device for controlling a three phase AC motor with an inverter includes: a sensor phase current acquisition device for a sensor phase current sensed value; a rotation angle acquisition device for a rotation angle sensed value; a number-of-revolutions operation device for the revolution number; a current estimation device for a current estimated value; a first voltage command value operation device for a first voltage command value; a voltage command reference value operation device for a voltage command reference value; a second voltage command value operation device for a second voltage command value; a control mode switching device for switching to a first control mode when the revolution number is more than a threshold, and switching to a second control mode when the revolution number is not more than the threshold; and a torque abnormality monitoring device for monitoring an output torque during the second control mode.
US09106161B2 Method for setting a desired output voltage of a power supply branch of a controllable energy store
A method for setting a desired output voltage of a power supply branch of a controllable energy store, for controlling and supplying electrical energy to an n-phase electric motor, where n≧1. The controllable energy store has n parallel power supply branches, which each have at least two serially connected energy storage modules including at least one electrical energy storage cell having an assigned, controllable coupling unit; are connected to a reference bus on one side; and are connected to phases, respectively, of the electric motor on the other side. At least one coupling unit is controlled by pulses so that the arithmetic mean of the output voltage of a power supply branch corresponds to the desired output voltage. The energy storage cells respectively assigned to the coupling unit are switched into the respective power supply branch for a pulse duration, and are bypassed during a pause time.
US09106160B2 Monolithic energy harvesting system, apparatus, and method
An energy harvesting device utilizing a monolithic, mesoscale, single-degree-of-freedom inertial based resonator in which the support structure, beam-spring, and proof mass are a single component without joints, bonds, or fasteners. Frequency tuning features include holes in the proof mass in which mass can be added to change the devices resonance frequency as well as levers which add curvature to the beam-spring system and adjust system stiffness. Robustness is increase by designing the resonator to exhibit nonlinear behavior such that its power density is maximized for low vibration amplitudes and minimized for high amplitudes. The device structural resonance modes are designed to be much higher than the resonators proof mass-spring resonance frequency. Electromechanical transducers are used to convert the resonators mechanical energy to electrical energy. Electrical circuitry is included to extract and condition the electrical charge.
US09106158B2 Piezoelectric rotary drive for a shaft
A piezoelectric rotary drive for a shaft, is disclosed which can include a piezoelectric actuator and a coupling portion for driving the shaft as a stick-slip drive. To transmit greater contact forces between the frame and the shaft, at least one piezoelectric actuator and an adjustable and/or deformable frame with at least one coupling portion can be coupled to the shaft in a force-locked manner so as to accomplish a stick-slip drive, wherein the frame translates a piezoelectric deformation of the actuator mechanically such that the coupling portion rotates about the axis of the shaft over at least a part of the circumference of the shaft.
US09106154B2 Power converter system using voltage sources driven in alternation
A power converter system includes a first unipolar voltage source that produces a first voltage and a second unipolar voltage source that produces a second voltage. The power converter system also includes a transformer with a first primary winding, a second primary winding, and a secondary winding, and control equipment. The first primary winding is connected to the first unipolar voltage source, and the second primary winding is connected to the second unipolar voltage source such that when the first voltage is applied, a first secondary voltage is induced in the secondary winding and that when the second voltage is applied, a second secondary voltage is induced. The first secondary voltage is directed in opposition to the second secondary voltage. The control equipment drives the first unipolar voltage source and the second unipolar voltage source in alternation for the production of the first voltage and the second voltage.
US09106148B2 Power supply apparatus and image forming apparatus
The power supply apparatus includes a transformer having primary and secondary sides, a switching element, a feedback unit, a conversion unit that converts a current flowing in a primary winding of the transformer into a voltage, a control unit that controls operation of the switching element, a voltage switching unit that increases the voltage output from the conversion unit and feeds the increased voltage to the control unit when a continuous oscillation state is transited to an intermittent oscillation state. The voltage switching unit switches the voltage of the power supply that is input into the control unit to be higher when the continuous oscillation state is transited to the intermittent oscillation state.
US09106147B2 Universal power supply apparatus
There is provided a universal power supply apparatus including a power supply unit switching input power into driving power having a preset voltage level and supplying the driving power, a power recognition unit outputting a recognition voltage having a preset voltage level to an output terminal from which the power is output to recognize connection of a device, controlling a power output of the power supply unit according to a detected rated output, and recognizing disconnection of the device after the connection of the device according to a power state of the driving power of the power supply unit, and a detection unit providing a detection voltage having a preset voltage level to the output terminal.
US09106146B2 Energy-saving control device
An energy-saving control device is disclosed. The control device is connected with an integrated circuit (IC) and a secondary winding of a transformer of a power converter. A primary winding of the transformer receives energy, and then the energy is discharged from the secondary winding and an energy signal of the energy is generated. And the energy signal comprises a high-frequency part and a low-frequency part thereafter. The energy signal is received by the energy-saving control device to control the operation of the IC according to a ratio of the low-frequency part to the high-frequency part.
US09106144B2 Voltage converting apparatus and sub-harmonic detector thereof
A voltage converting apparatus and a sub-harmonic detector are disclosed. The sub-harmonic detector includes a pulse eliminating circuit, a counter, and a comparator. The pulse eliminating circuit receives a pulse width modulation (PWM) signal and a reference PWM signal having a same period. The PWM signal and reference PWM signal has a plurality of pulses and reference pulses respectively. The pulse eliminating circuit eliminates at least one part of the pulses which overlap with the reference pulses for generating a processed signal. The counter counts the processed signal and the PWM signal during a time period to obtain first and second counting values. The comparator compares the first and second counting values for detecting whether a sub-harmonic condition happens or not in the PWM signal.
US09106141B2 Switching power supply device
In a switching power supply device with reduced size and increased power conversion efficiency, a first resonant circuit including a series resonant inductor and a series resonant capacitor, and a second resonant circuit including a series resonant inductor and a series resonant capacitor, are caused to resonate with each other to cause sympathetic vibration of each resonant circuit, such that transmission is performed by utilizing both magnetic field coupling and electric field coupling between a primary winding and a secondary winding. Operation at a switching frequency higher than a specific resonant frequency of an overall multi-resonant circuit allows a ZVS operation to be performed, enabling a significant reduction in switching loss and high-efficiency operation.
US09106137B2 Direct current voltage generating apparatus for generating stable DC voltages
An exemplary direct current (DC) voltage generating apparatus for generating stable DC voltages includes a voltage conversion circuit, a voltage control circuit, and a voltage regulating circuit. The voltage conversion circuit receives an alternating current (AC) voltage, and converts the AC voltage to a first DC voltage. The voltage control circuit receives the first DC voltage, and converts the first DC voltage to a second DC voltage and a control signal. The voltage regulating circuit receives the control signal, and regulates the second DC voltage to a stable second DC voltage at the voltage control circuit according to the control signal.
US09106134B2 Power transfer devices
A power transfer device includes an input terminal, an output terminal, a control unit, and a drive unit. The input terminal can receive an input voltage. The output terminal can provide an output voltage. The control unit can control a switch between the input and output terminals to adjust the output voltage according to the input voltage and a reference voltage, wherein said control unit is deactivated if the reference voltage reaches the input voltage. The drive unit can connect the control unit and the switch if the control unit is activated, and can maintain the output voltage at or near the input voltage if the control unit is deactivated.
US09106128B2 Charge pump circuit and phase-locked loop including the charge pump circuit
Provided is a charge pump circuit having a current mirror structure, including a first voltage controller including a plurality of first resistors and a plurality of first switches, and in response to a switching control signal corresponding to a bias current, driving the plurality of first switches to allow a current path passing through the plurality of first resistors to bypass, thereby controlling a voltage level of an output end, a second voltage controller including a plurality of second resistors and a plurality of second switches, and in response to the switching control signal, driving the plurality of second switches to allow a current path passing through the plurality of second resistors to bypass, thereby controlling a voltage level of an output end to correspond to the voltage of the output end of the first voltage controller.
US09106118B2 Rotor having projections for positioning permanent magnets and electric motor including such rotor
A rotor includes a rotor core having an outer circumferential surface provided with projections extending in a direction of a rotational axis and projecting outwardly in a radial direction, and a plurality of permanent magnets arranged between the projections. The projections extend at an angle with respect to the direction of a rotational axis. The permanent magnets have inclined sides on both side faces, which incline with respect to the direction of a rotational axis. Side faces of the projections and the inclined side of the permanent magnets which face each other incline so as to define the same angle with respect to the direction of a rotational axis. An electric motor including such a rotor is also provided.
US09106115B2 Rotating electrical machine
A rotating electrical machine includes a stator core, a rotor core, and permanent magnets. The stator core includes a yoke and tooth portions projecting from the yoke in a radial inward direction. Each tooth portion has a base joined to the yoke and an end opposite to the base. The rotor core includes a boss portion and projections. The projections project from the boss portion in a radial outward direction and spaced in a circumferential direction. Each permanent magnet is located between and spaced from adjacent projections to forma gap in the circumferential direction. A width of the gap is not greater than a width of the end of the tooth portion in the circumferential direction.
US09106112B2 Solar sunmill generator bulb
An electric radiometer generates electricity in tangible amounts by placing stationary rare earth magnets on a stationary magnetized needle which are connected to two-sided aluminum wings in such a manner that an electric current is produced when the coils in motion cut across the flux lines of a stationary magnetic field after a complete revolving circuit to a receiving device.
US09106111B2 Outer body of an electromechanical energy converter
In an electromechanical energy converter having an outer body and an inner body, which are mounted movably relative to one another about an axis of rotation, an outer body according to the invention surrounds an annular structural element, a permanent magnet and a support ring which is received concentrically in the structural element. The support ring comprises a recess to receive the permanent magnet, and the recess has a boundary surface which extends parallel as to a radius of the axis of rotation.
US09106106B2 Method and apparatus for locating a portable device and then transmitting power over wireless signal
A device with a sensor to detect a location of a portable device within proximity of the device and a controller to identify an amount of power to transmit to the portable device and reposition a directional antenna to transmit to the portable device an identified amount of power over a wireless signal based on the location of the portable device.
US09106103B2 Unintteruptible power supply systems and methods employing on-demand energy storage
An uninterruptible power supply (UPS) system includes first and second busses, a first switching circuit configured to selectively couple an AC source to the first and second busses and a second switching circuit configured to selectively couple the first and second busses to a load. The system also includes a storage capacitor and a third switching circuit configured to couple the storage capacitor between the first and second busses. The system further includes a control circuit configured to control the first, second and third switching circuits to generate an AC voltage at the load.
US09106101B2 Electrical distribution network improvement for plug-in electric vehicles
Electrical distribution network (EDN) improvement method for plug-in electric vehicles receives and stores in a database EDN configuration information, demography information and load information for simulating load of the EDN assets. The method dynamically updates the EDN configuration, demography information and/or load information to provide an efficient and customizable method of simulating a PEV load impact on an EDN configuration and apply improvements to the EDN in real time.
US09106098B2 Fuel cell system with grid independent operation and DC microgrid capability
A fuel cell system includes grid independent operation with DC microgrid capability. This fuel cell system has a capability of operation with and without the grid, and with DC micro-grid capability.
US09106095B2 Inductive charging keyboard
Aspects of the disclosure relate to a wireless charging device having an inductive charging coil built into a keyboard, such as the interior space of a keycap in the keyboard. The wireless charging device and keyboard may further be built into a housing of a primary device, such as a laptop computer. The wireless charging device may communicate with another secondary device having a compatible coil. For example, the wireless charging device may transmit, via the inductive charging coil, a wireless charging signal to a wirelessly chargeable device placed on top of the keyboard. In another example, the wireless charging device may receive, through the inductive charging coil, a wireless charging signal from a wireless powering device placed on top of the keyboard.
US09106093B2 Contactless power transmission structure of laser distance measuring device
A contactless power transmission structure of a laser distance measuring device, comprising: a first circuit board, disposed on a rotation disk on an upper portion of a main axis, and on said first circuit board is provided with a laser light tube and a lens; a second circuit board disposed at an end of said main axis; a third circuit board, fixed on a bottom seat and is not rotatable; two signal receivers and two signal transmitters, to transmit signals to said laser light tube and said lens, and receive signals sent from said laser light tube and said lens; a motor, located on a side of said main axis, is connected to said main axis through a conveyer belt to make it rotate, and that brings said rotation disk to rotate; and a power structure, connected electrically and supplies power to said first, second, and third circuit board.
US09106092B2 Apparatus for discharging DC-link capacitor for electric vehicle charger
The present invention provides an apparatus for charging a high voltage battery of an electric vehicle by performing a control operation when the apparatus operates abnormally, the control operation discontinuing operations of a rectifier, a boost PFC (Power Factor Control) circuit and a DC-DC converter and receiving a power source from an auxiliary power supply unit, the power source charged by discharging a DC-link capacitor.
US09106091B2 Vehicle and vehicle control method
A vehicle that is chargeable using power from an external power source includes: a chargeable electric storage device; a charging device that charges the electric storage device by using the power from the external power source; and a control device that, based on maximum supply power that is able to be supplied to the electric storage device and based on actual charge power actually supplied to the electric storage device, calculates a shortfall with respect to charge power supplied to the electric storage device in a case where charging is performed at the maximum supply power, and stores information relating to a causal factor for the shortfall.
US09106090B2 Method for recovering capacity of lithium ion battery
A method for recovering the capacity of a lithium ion battery determines whether or not the cause of degradation is a decrease in lithium ions; calculates the amount of the decrease in lithium ions; and connects a lithium ion replenishing electrode to a positive electrode or a negative electrode to release lithium ions corresponding to the amount of the decrease from the lithium ion replenishing electrode, thereby replenishing the lithium ion battery with lithium ions for recovery of the battery capacity.
US09106088B2 Non-contact power transmission apparatus
A non-contact power transmission apparatus includes a high-frequency converting section, which converts input voltage to high-frequency voltage and outputs it, a primary coil, which receives high-frequency voltage from the high-frequency converting section, and a secondary coil, which receives electric power from the primary coil. The non-contact power transmission apparatus further includes a load to which the electric power received by the secondary coil is supplied, a rectifier located between the secondary coil and the load, and an output adjusting section, which supplies, as pulses, output voltage to the high-frequency converting section. The output adjusting section is configured to increase or reduce output to the load by adjusting a duty cycle of the pulse output.
US09106085B2 Combined transformer, and non-contact battery charging device using the same
A non-contact battery charging device is for charging a touch pen using a combined transformer. The combined transformer includes a primary winding wound around a tubular insulating spool secured in a receptacle of a pen stand and allowing insertion of the touch pen, and a second primary wound around a magnetic core coaxially secured in the touch pen. A section of the magnetic core is coaxially located in the spool when the touch pen is inserted into the receptacle and extends through the spool. A charger having the magnetic core and the secondary winding is operable to supply a charging voltage to a rechargeable battery in the touch pen based on an input voltage across the primary winding.
US09106083B2 Systems and method for positioning freedom, and support of different voltages, protocols, and power levels in a wireless power system
A system and method for providing positioning freedom, and support of different voltages, protocols, and power levels in a wireless power system. In accordance with an embodiment, the system comprises a base unit having one or more transmitter coils; one or more components including a ferromagnetic, ferrite, or other magnetic material or layer, that modify the magnitude and/or phase of an electromagnetic field in one or multiple dimensions; and one or more components within the base unit and/or the mobile device, for positioning freedom, and support of different voltages, protocols, and power levels. In accordance with various embodiments, the base unit and mobile device can communicate with each other prior to and/or during charging or powering to determine a protocol to be used to charge or power the mobile device.
US09106077B2 Power control apparatus and power control method
A power control apparatus includes: a control unit that controls discharged power of a first battery and discharged power of a second battery; and a power acquisition unit that acquires a total power to be supplied from the first and second batteries to a load device connected to the first and second batteries. The control unit: in a first period, changes the discharged power of the first battery according to a change in the acquired total power, and changes the discharged power of the second battery toward a first direction in which the discharged power of the second battery approximates the discharged power of the first battery; and, in a second period after the first period, changes the discharged power of the second battery according to the change in the acquired total power, and changes the discharged power of the first battery toward a second direction opposite the first direction.
US09106076B2 Differential protection in electrical power networks
A method in a three-terminal differential protection includes measuring a terminal phase current (IT1(y), IT2(y), IT3(y)) at each terminal (T1, T2, T3) of a protected zone of the differential protection in each phase (L1, L2, L3) to be protected, and determining a bias current (Ib(y)) of the phase on the basis of the terminal phase currents (IT1(y), IT2(y), IT3(y)). The bias current determination includes subtracting phasor values of the terminal phase currents of two terminals from the phasor value of the terminal phase current of one terminal. The terminal phase current, which is a minuend in the phasor difference computation, is selected on the basis of the phase angles or amplitudes of the terminal phase currents.
US09106075B2 Fault tolerant power supply incorporating intelligent gate driver-switch circuit to provide uninterrupted power
A fault tolerant power supply system includes at least one load switch configured to connect an input voltage to an output node of the load switch when the load switch is turned on and at least one power channel coupled to the load switch to receive the input voltage. The power channel is configured as a buck converter and includes at least a high-side power switch and a low-side power switch. The fault tolerant power supply system is configured to measure a current flowing through the low-side power switch, to determine that the current flowing through the low-side power switch has exceeded a current limit threshold, and to disable the low-side power switch and the load switch in response to the determination that the current flowing in the low-side power switch has exceeded the current limit threshold.
US09106072B2 Electrostatic discharge protection of amplifier cascode devices
Exemplary embodiments are directed to providing electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection of a cascode device of an amplifier. In an exemplary embodiment, a transistor is configured to receive a bias voltage and at least one circuit element coupled to the transistor and configured to receive an input voltage via an input pad. Additionally at least one diode can be coupled to a drain of the first transistor and configured to limit a voltage potential at an internal node of the amplifier caused by the input pad.
US09106071B2 Apparatus and methods of bootstrap and over voltage combination clamp for wireless power receiver
Apparatus and methods are provided for bootstrap and over voltage protection (OVP) combination clamping. In one embodiment, method is provided to use the same bootstrap capacitors and bootstrap terminals for an over voltage protection circuit. In one embodiment, an integrated circuit for a wireless power receiver comprises a first rectifier input terminal RX1, a second rectifier input terminal RX2, a first bootstrap terminal HSB1, a second bootstrap terminal HSB2. A first and a second bootstrap circuit are coupled to HSB1 and HSB2 to power the rectifier circuit in a regular mode. A over voltage protection (OVP) circuit is coupled between HSB1 and HSB2. The OVP circuit is turned on to connect HSB1 and HSB2 together in an OVP mode.
US09106068B2 Quick-release cord grip
A quick-release cord grip is described herein. The quick-release cord grip can include a damming device through which at least one conductor traverses, and a frame mechanically coupled to the damming device. The frame can include a first portion having a first receiving feature along a first inner surface, a first coupling feature, and a first fastening feature. The frame can also include a second portion having a second receiving feature along a second inner surface, a second coupling feature, and a second fastening feature. The first coupling feature and the second coupling feature can be movably coupled to each other. The first fastening feature and the second fastening feature can be detachably coupled to each other. The damming device can be disposed within the first receiving feature and the second receiving feature when the first fastening feature and the second fastening feature are mechanically coupled to each other.
US09106064B2 Cable management in rack systems
A rack system includes one or more racks each configured to receive at least one distribution module. Each rack includes management sections located at the front of the rack; troughs located at the rear of the rack; horizontal channels extending between the management sections and the trough; a storage area located at a first of opposing sides of the rack; a front vertical channel that connects to the storage area and at least some of the management sections; and a travel channel at the rear of the first rack that connects the storage area to the troughs.
US09106062B2 Geared spacer assembly for conductor bundle
A spacer assembly includes first and second clamping bodies. The first clamping body has a first slot. The first slot has a first set of teeth. The second clamping body has a second slot. The fastener connects the first clamping body to the second clamping body. The fastener has a second set of teeth to engage the first set of teeth such that rotation of the fastener moves the first clamping body relative to the second clamping body.
US09106061B1 Adjustable thermostat cover with detents and level
A thermostat cover includes a base with four walls and an aperture sized such that at least a portion of a thermostat may be received. A lid is slidably mounted on the base at a front side of the base. The lid has a slide member that couples with a slide rail located on the base. In another embodiment, the lid has a slide member that extends from the lid and couples with an extension track located on the base. The extension track is configured in an L-shape such that the lid is collapsible with a first position and a second position. The extension track may have stops that hold the lid in the second position. In another embodiment, the lid is hingedly coupled to the base. A support rod is configured to hold the lid in a raised position.
US09106050B2 Self-characterization tunable optical network unit
A tunable optical transmitter, comprising a tunable laser comprising a distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) section, a phase section, and a gain section, a photodiode detector (PD) optically coupled to the tunable laser, wherein the tunable optical transmitter lacks a temperature controller, and wherein the tunable optical transmitter is configured to lock onto a wavelength at different operating temperatures.
US09106044B2 System and method for generating a synchronisation control signal
A system for generating a synchronization control signal for synchronizing a radio-frequency signal having a frequency and a pulsed optical signal, the system comprising an electro-optical amplitude modulator that includes a phase shift controller having a controller output at which the synchronization control signal is output, a phase shift mixer that includes a first and a second photodetector, an optical input connection that connects the input for the optical signal to the optical input of the electro-optical amplitude modulator, and an input splitter that is arranged in the input connection in order to output the optical signal additionally at a branch of the input splitter.
US09106042B2 Battery connector system
A battery connector system for connecting a battery to a battery powered device is provided herein that includes an insert molded contact block comprising a contact block, a plurality of electrical contacts insert molded into the contact block, and an outer electrical connection for electrically coupling the plurality of electrical contacts to the battery powered device. The battery connector system further includes an inner electrical connection located on a housing enclosure for electrically coupling the battery housed in the housing enclosure to the outer electrical connection through the plurality of electrical contacts. The battery connector system further includes a sealed electrical path between the inner electrical connection and the outer electrical connection, wherein the sealed electrical path is formed by over molding the insert molded contact block with the housing enclosure.
US09106038B2 Pulse oximetry system with low noise cable hub
A pulse oximetry system for reducing the risk of electric shock to a medical patient can include physiological sensors, at least one of which has a light emitter that can impinge light on body tissue of a living patient and a detector responsive to the light after attenuation by the body tissue. The detector can generate a signal indicative of a physiological characteristic of the living patient. The pulse oximetry system may also include a splitter cable that can connect the physiological sensors to a physiological monitor. The splitter cable may have a plurality of cable sections each including one or more electrical conductors that can interface with one of the physiological sensors. One or more decoupling circuits may be disposed in the splitter cable, which can be in communication with selected ones of the electrical conductors. The one or more decoupling circuits can electrically decouple the physiological sensors.
US09106036B2 Electrical connector
An electrical connector includes an insulating housing, a plurality of terminals and a shielding shell. The insulating housing has a top wall, a bottom wall, a rear wall and two side walls together forming an inserting chamber thereamong. The top wall and the bottom wall respectively define a plurality of first terminal grooves and second terminal grooves which are opened symmetrically about the inserting chamber and communicate with the inserting chamber. The terminals include the first terminals and the second terminals. The first terminals and the second terminals are respectively inserted frontward in the first terminal grooves and the second terminal grooves of the insulating housing to be arranged in two rows in vertical direction. The first terminals and the second terminals are symmetrical in structure and arrangement about the inserting chamber. The shielding shell encloses the insulating housing.
US09106034B2 Coaxial connector
A coaxial connector for a mating device to be inserted therein, includes an insulating body having a sustaining portion, a static terminal having a first contact portion, and a movable terminal having a second contact portion for contacting the first contact portion. The sustaining portion and an object below have a gap therebetween. The static terminal and the movable terminal are fixed to the insulating body. An elastic arm is formed by extending from the second contact portion. The sustaining portion engages the elastic arm. When the mating device is inserted into the coaxial connector, the mating device presses the elastic arm downwards, the second contact portion moves downwards to be separated from the first contact portion, and the elastic arm drives the sustaining portion to move downwards together, such that the sustaining portion butts against the object below to prevent the movable terminal from moving downwards excessively.
US09106032B2 Stacking connector having a RJ-45 connector stacked over a USB connector with power and ground pins
A stacking connector comprises an insulating body, a plurality of connection terminals and a USB connector. The insulating body has a first containing space and a second containing space. A plurality of terminal slots is defined in a connection port of the insulating body and communicates with the first containing space. The plurality of connection terminals is configured in the first containing space, and exposed to the connection port to constitute a RJ-45 connector with the connection port. The USB connector is configured in the second containing space. Power pin and ground pin of the USB connector are electrically connected to NC pins of the plurality of connection terminals separately. Therefore, the USB connector receives power from a mainboard to provide to the RJ-45 connector. In contrary, the RJ-45 connector receives power by way of PoE to provide to the USB connector.
US09106031B2 Dual orientation electronic connector
A dual orientation connector having a connector tab with first and second major opposing sides and a plurality of electrical contacts carried by the connector tab. The plurality of contacts includes a first set of external contacts formed at the first major side and a second set of external contacts formed at the second major side. Each individual contact in the first plurality of contacts is electrically connected within the tab or body to a corresponding contact in the second plurality of contacts. In some embodiments contacts in the first and second pluralities of contacts that are directly opposite each other are coupled together. In some other embodiments, contacts in the first and second pluralities of contacts that are in a cater cornered relationship with each other are coupled together. The first plurality of contacts are symmetrically spaced with the second plurality of contacts and the connector tab is shaped to have 180 degree symmetry so that it can be inserted and operatively coupled to a corresponding receptacle connector in either of two insertion orientations.
US09106029B2 Electrical connection device
An electrical connection device is used to be provided in an electronic device casing, and comprises a first circuit board and a second circuit board which are substantially coplanar, a receptacle connector provided to the first circuit board and a plug connector provided to the second circuit board. The receptacle connector comprises a housing and a plurality of first terminals. The housing has a first mating surface, and a pair of sliding contact grooves respectively adjacent to both sides of the first mating surface. The plug connector comprises a body and a plurality of second terminals. The body has a pair of side flanges respectively engaged with and received in the sliding contact grooves. The plug connector is mated with the receptacle connector in a direction perpendicular to a board surface of the first circuit board.
US09106025B2 Shielded circular plug connector unit with symmetrically arranged plug contacts
A circular plug connector unit for shielded electrical cables, having an insulating body that is enveloped by a shielding sleeve, wherein plural electrical socket shaped plug contacts and/or pin shaped plug contacts are arranged in receiving cavities in the insulating body, wherein the shielding sleeve is interlocked with the insulating body. The plug side end of the shielding sleeve includes an even number of axially extending sleeve segments which are separated by longitudinal slots which are advantageously configured as sleeve segments that are short in axial direction and sleeve segments that are long in axial direction. Sleeve segments which are arranged in sequence advantageously have a uniform radial offset relative to each other in an alternating direction, wherein the sleeve segments of two identically configured shielding sleeves are insertable into one another with a rotational offset in circumferential direction of 360° divided by a number of the sleeve segments.
US09106020B2 Midplane especially applicable to an orthogonal architecture electronic system
A midplane has a first side to which contact ends of a first differential connector are connected and a second side opposite the first side to which contact ends of a second differential connector are connected. The midplane includes a plurality of vias extending from the first side to the second side, with the vias providing first signal launches on the first side and second signal launches on the second side. The first signal launches are provided in a plurality of rows, with each row having first signal launches along a first line and first signal launches along a second line substantially parallel to the first line. The second signal launches are provided in a plurality of columns, with each column having second signal launches along a third line and second signal launches along a fourth line substantially parallel to the third line.
US09106017B2 Terminal pullout structure of connector
A connector housing includes a terminal receiving chamber and a pair of lances for locking the terminal on both sides of the terminal receiving chamber. A terminal pullout jig inserted into the connector housing displaces the lances to respective unlocking positions, thus pulling out the terminal from the terminal receiving chamber. The connector housing includes a pair of unlocking wall portions configured to be elastically deformed integrally with the pair of lances respectively. The terminal pullout jig includes an unlocking arm portion configured to displace the pair of the lances to the respective unlocking positions, and a terminal pressing portion for pressing the terminal in a terminal pullout direction.
US09106016B1 Electrical connector
According to an example embodiment, an electrical connector may include an electrical cord comprising a plurality of wires, and a plug connected to the electrical cord. The plug may include electrical contacts coupled to the plurality of electrical wires, and at least one latch. The at least one latch may be biased to extend away from the plug, an end surface of the at least one latch being within two tenths of a millimeter of an end surface of the plug opposite from the electrical cord.
US09106015B2 Electrical connector
A latching of a latch piece to a latch portion of a lock release unit is released with a latch claw being retracted in a connector fitting portion by swing of a latch arm. A latching of an auxiliary latch piece to the latch portion is released with a lock claw being retracted in the connector fitting portion by swing of a lock arm and an auxiliary arm.
US09106012B2 Antirotation coupling for connector
A mechanism (20) for connecting the coupling nut (14) and barrel (12) of an electrical or optical connector to resist but not prevent their relative rotation, includes a clicker ring (22) that has forward-projecting teeth (36) and that fits into a circular recess (32) at the rear of the coupling nut to engage rearward-projecting nut teeth (34). The clicker ring also has slots (40) that receive radially-outward projections (42) on the barrel, to prevent clicker ring turning.
US09106011B2 Electrical connection arrangement having a fastener abutting an uncoated portion of a sleeve
A method for providing an electrical connection arrangement between a first member and a second member is provided, as is a corresponding arrangement. The first member is made of electrically conductive material provided with a coating layer, and the electrical connecting arrangement includes a fastening element, the method including providing the first member with a first hole, arranging a sleeve in the first hole of the first member, such that the first member becomes electrically connected with the sleeve, coating an area of the first member including the sleeve, inserting the fastening element into the sleeve and through the first member, and engaging the fastening element with the second member, such that the fastening element becomes abutted against an uncoated surface portion provided on the sleeve to electrically connect the sleeve with the fastening element, and such that the fastening element becomes electrically connected to the second member.
US09106007B2 Electrical junction box
An electrical junction box includes: a case main body to which a bolt is attached; a terminal of which one end is provided with a bolt insertion portion, of which the other end is provided with a wire connection portion, and of which the center is provided with a bent portion bent at right angle; two electric wires connected to the wire connection portion; and a side cover to which the terminal is attached. When the side cover is mounted on one side surface of the case main body, the bolt is inserted into the bolt insertion portion. The side cover is provided with a wire fixing piece having an arc-like sectional shape and extended along the one electric wire. The two electric wires are wound together with the wire fixing piece by a tape, and fixed to the wire fixing piece.
US09106005B2 Surface mount device
Disclosed is a surface mount device to be mounted on a base member, including plural lead units, each of the plural lead units including, a lead including a body portion and a foot formed at an end of the lead; a solder portion formed at the foot of the lead to protrude toward the direction of the base member to have a summit portion, and a diffusion prevention portion provided on the lead for preventing a diffusion of a solder along the body portion of the lead.
US09106002B2 Method for sealing an electrical coupling piece, and coupling piece
A method for sealing an electric coupling piece (K) against moisture, includes, at an end of the line (1) intended for connection to the coupling piece (K), at least one annular groove extending in the circumferential direction is cut into the casing of the line (1). Prior to injection molding the protective body (9), an O-ring (10) serving as a sealing element is placed into the groove, where the O-ring (10) rests tightly against the lateral borders of the groove (11) with the respective pretension, where the O-ring is of a material which connects tightly and in a moisture proof manner to the insulating material of the finely produced protective body (9).
US09106000B2 Connector and connector assembly
A connector assembly has first and second housings (10, 300). Ribs (305, 306) project from an inner surface of a receptacle (301) of the second housing (300). The first housing (10) has a main body (11) that can fit into the receptacle (301), a seal ring (50) is mounted externally on the housing main body (11) and a retaining member is mounted into the main body (11). The retaining member includes a pressing surface (67, 90) for preventing detachment of the seal ring (50) and grooves (68, 86) that receive the ribs (305, 306) when the housings are connected. Reverse tapered surfaces (74, 91) are formed on the back surfaces of the grooves (68, 86) at a side facing and opposite to the pressing surface (67, 90) of the retaining member and incline toward the housing main body (11) to approach the pressing surface (67, 90).
US09105999B2 Lock device for electronic apparatus
A lock device for electronic apparatus includes a lock body and a key member. The lock body includes a front end, a rear end, and a bottom side defined between the front and the rear end and having at least one retaining section provided thereon. The lock body is configured for inserting into a slot on an electronic apparatus. When the lock body is inserted into the slot, the bottom side of the lock body is located corresponding to a plurality of terminals in the slot with the retaining section abutted against inner sides of the terminals, so that the lock body is held in the slot to lock the same. The key member is configured for detachably engaging with a lock core structure of the lock body, so that the lock body can be inserted into and extracted from the slot only with the key member.
US09105991B1 Crimpless electrical connector assembly
A crimpless electrical connector assembly includes an outer housing. The outer housing has a first connector aperture extending therethrough. A connecting member is positionable within the interior of the outer housing. The connecting member insertably receives an electrical conductor so the electrical conductor is operationally coupled to the connecting member. An inner housing is provided. The inner housing has a conductor aperture extending therethrough. The inner housing is positionable within the interior of the outer housing. The conductor aperture is aligned with the first connector aperture when the inner housing is positioned within the interior of the outer housing. The conductor aperture insertably receives the electrical conductor so the electrical conductor is operationally coupled to the connecting member. A connector is selectively inserted into the first connector aperture on the outer housing so the connector is operationally coupled to the connecting member and the electrical conductor.
US09105990B2 Terminal block with integral heat sink and motor provided therewith
A terminal block (10) to be fixed to a motor case (C) which houses a motor body and includes a coolant flow path (C1) and adapted to fasten busbars by tightening bolts includes nuts (30) for tightening the bolts, and a heat sink (40) made of aluminum die-cast and held in close contact with the nuts (30) via an insulation plate (20) behind the nuts (30). The heat sink (40) includes a heat radiating portion (46) which comes into contact with cooling water passing in the coolant flow path (C1) of the motor case (C).
US09105985B2 Antenna system for mobile communication and antenna module thereof
An antenna system for mobile communication includes a transportation device and an antenna module installed on the transportation device. The antenna module has a first polarized antenna unit and a second polarized antenna unit. The polarized direction of first polarized antenna unit is perpendicular to the polarized direction of second polarized antenna unit, such that when the transportation device moves along a first direction, the first and the second polarized antenna units are coupling to each other, and each has an 8-shaped radiation pattern. The longitudinal direction of the radiation pattern of the first polarized antenna unit and the longitudinal direction of the radiation pattern of the second polarized antenna unit are parallel to a second direction, and the second direction is not parallel to the first direction. Thus, the instant disclosure provides the antenna system capable of restraining the multipath fading of mobile communication.
US09105984B2 Wireless communication device with slot antenna
A wireless communication device includes a base board, a metal zone, and a filter. The metal zone and the filter are disposed on the base board. The metal zone defines a slot. The filter is connected to the slot to divide the slot into a first slot section and a second slot section. When a current having a first frequency flows through the first slot section and the second slot section, the filter is in an open circuit state, and the first slot section and the second slot section are activated to receive/transmit wireless signals having a first central frequency. When a current having a second frequency only flows through the first slot section, the filter is in a closed circuit state, and the first slot section is activated to receive/transmit wireless signals having a second central frequency.
US09105981B2 Dielectric lens cone radiator sub-reflector assembly
A dielectric cone radiator sub-reflector assembly for a reflector antenna with a waveguide supported sub-reflector is provided as a unitary dielectric block with a sub-reflector at a distal end. A waveguide transition portion of the dielectric block is dimensioned for insertion coupling into an end of the waveguide. A dielectric radiator portion is provided between the waveguide transition portion and a sub-reflector support portion. An outer diameter of the dielectric radiator portion is provided with a plurality of radially inward grooves extending radially inward to a diameter less than an inner diameter of the end of the waveguide and a lens bore extends from a proximal end of the dielectric block towards the distal end of the dielectric block at least to the sub-reflector support portion. The unitary dielectric block may be manufactured as a single contiguous monolithic portion of dielectric material via injection molding.
US09105977B2 Terminal device having meta-structure
A terminal device includes a housing, a communication antenna, and an agglomerative meta-structure, wherein the agglomerative meta-structure comprises a first pattern layer connected in series between an input end and an output end of the agglomerative meta-structure, and a second pattern layer connected in parallel between the input end and the output end.
US09105975B2 Antenna device and portable wireless terminal equipped with the same
A second slit 117 and a fourth slit 119 provided in a first antenna element 150 and a first slit 116 and a third slit 118 provided in a second antenna element 151 are adjusted such that the mutual coupling between the first antenna element 150 and the second antenna element 151 in the desired frequency band is canceled, and reduces degradation in coupling between antenna elements without connecting the antenna elements through components and the like. With such a configuration, it is possible to achieve high-efficiency loosely coupled MIMO array antennas operating in the same frequency band in a portable wireless terminal.
US09105974B2 Antenna with divided ground plane
A removable jacket for a modular communicator, including a connector for connecting the jacket to a modular communicator that includes an antenna and a ground plane for the antenna, wherein the jacket may be conveniently attached to and detached from the communicator, an extended ground plane for the antenna, and at least one ground contact, for connecting the extended ground plane to the ground plane of the communicator, wherein the ground plane of the communicator is too short for the antenna to resonate at a desired frequency, but the ground plane of the communicator when connected with the extended ground plane, provides a combined ground plane sufficient for the antenna to resonate at the desired frequency.
US09105970B1 Balloon payload with balloon-to-balloon communications and avionics on top
The present disclosure provides a balloon payload with communications and avionics on positioned on top. The payload may include a chassis and an avionics system coupled to the first chassis. The payload may also include a battery coupled to the first chassis and positioned below the avionics system. The payload may additionally include an air-to-ground communications antenna coupled to the first chassis and positioned below the battery portion and the avionics portion.
US09105968B2 Antenna assembly and mobile terminal using same
An antenna assembly of the present disclosure includes a grounding plate, a metal plate, a metal frame and an antenna body disposed between the grounding plate and the metal plate. The metal frame includes a closed annular portion, and the antenna body includes a feeding portion. One end of the feeding portion is electrically connected to the metal plate and the other end thereof is spaced apart from the grounding plate, and the closed annular portion is spaced apart from the metal plate. The antenna assembly of the present disclosure can improve the performances of the product and make the appearance of the product more aesthetic. Meanwhile, the present disclosure also provides a mobile terminal using the antenna assembly described above.
US09105965B2 Touching an antenna of a near field communications (NFC) device to control its operation
A near field communications (NFC) device is disclosed that interacts with other NFC devices to exchange information and/or the data. An operator may touch, or be sufficiently proximate to, an antenna module of the NFC device to operate and/or control the NFC device. The antenna module includes antenna components that are characterized by a corresponding characteristic impedance. The touch, or sufficient proximity, of the operator changes the corresponding characteristic impedance of antenna components. The NFC device may determine a location of the touch, or proximity, of the operator based upon this change. The NFC device may interpret the location of the touch, or proximity, of the operator as information from the operator to operate and/or control the NFC device.
US09105963B2 Tunable Yagi and other antennas
A tunable antenna is formed on a boom. First and a second opposed non-conductive support pole extend from a first end of the boom. Third and a fourth opposed non-conductive support pole extending from a second end of the boom. Each pole has a wire guide at its end. First and second spools are mounted near the first end of the boom. Third and fourth spools are mounted near the second end of the boom. First and second wires are spooled on the first and second spools. A third wire is spooled on the third spool and mechanically coupled to the first wire by a non-conductive cord, the first and third wires running through the first and third pole guides. A fourth wire is spooled on the fourth spool and mechanically coupled to the second wire by non-conductive cord, the second and fourth wires running through the second and fourth pole guides.
US09105962B2 Antenna mount and its protective module
An antenna mount includes a main member, a first contacting member, a second contacting member, and a driving member. The main member has a chamber therein to receive the first contacting member, the second contacting member and the driving member. The first contacting member electrically connects to a signal wire of a cable for signal transmission, and the main member electrically connects to a ground wire of the cable. Two ends of the second contacting member are respectively connected to the main member and contacted with the first contacting member, wherein the second contacting member has a predetermined resistance. Once a connector of an antenna is engaged, the driving member is moved to separate the second contacting member and the first contacting member; and when the connector of the antenna is disengaged, the second contacting member contacts with the first contacting member again as a protective circuit.
US09105961B2 Low profile, wideband GNSS dual frequency antenna structure
GNSS signals are centered around two bands, L1 and L2, and antennas must cover both these bands for good RTK performance. GPS is at a lower frequency in both bands than the Russian GLONASS system. What is described herein is a method of constructing a low profile dual frequency wideband antenna with excellent polarization and signal reception for both GPS and GLONASS. This technique minimizes the impact of tolerances of the dielectrics, thicknesses and tuning by optimal construction.
US09105960B2 Method for formation of radiometric images and an antenna for implementation of the method
A method of radiometric image generation is provided using a series of isochronous revolutions of a multi-beam antenna with a dispersion characteristic. The antenna is combined with a multi-channel receiver with frequency channel separation to form an imaging unit. The method comprising cyclically executing the following phases: two separate calibration phase; using first and second standards; external radiation reception phase; data processing phase and data transformation phase.
US09105959B2 Resonator enclosure
An enclosed resonator includes a generally planar plate having a top side and a bottom side wherein a pocket is recessed into the bottom side to produce a bottom surface and a periphery around the rectangular pocket including a first pair of parallel sides and a second pair of parallel sides, a plurality of generally parallel channels formed into the top side each channel extending generally in a direction of the second pair of parallel sides, a first plurality of holes extending along a first side of the first pair of parallel sides each hole extending from the bottom side to one of the plurality of generally parallel channels, a second plurality of holes extending along a second side of the first pair of parallel sides each hole extending from the bottom side to one of the plurality of generally parallel channels.
US09105957B2 Attenuator
An attenuator includes: a first portion including a first insulating substrate and a resistor section formed on the first insulating substrate; and a second portion including a second insulating substrate and a terminal section, the second insulating substrate being separated from the first insulating substrate, and the terminal section being formed on the second insulating substrate to be connected to the resistor section.
US09105946B2 Battery resetting process for scaffold fuel electrode
An electrochemical cell includes a fuel electrode configured to operate as an anode to oxidize a fuel when connected to a load. The cell also includes an oxidant electrode configured to operate as a cathode to reduce oxygen when connected to the load. The fuel electrode comprises a plurality of scaffolded electrode bodies. The present invention relates to an electrochemical cell system and method of resetting the electrochemical cell by applying a charge (i.e. voltage or current) to the cell to drive oxidation of the fuel, wherein the fuel electrode operates as an anode, and the second cell operates as a cathode, removing uneven distributions of fuel that may cause premature shorting of the electrode bodies to improve capacity, energy stored, and cell efficiency.
US09105943B2 Non-aqueous electrolyte lithium secondary battery
A lithium secondary battery has an anode, a cathode, a separator between the anode and the cathode and a non-aqueous electrolyte. The non-aqueous electrolyte includes a lithium salt; and a non-linear carbonate-based mixed organic solvent in which (a) a cyclic carbonate compound, and (b) a propionate-based compound are mixed at a volume ratio (a:b) in the range from about 10:90 to about 70:30. The cathode has a capacity density in the range from about 3.5 to about 5.5 mAh/cm2 and a porosity in the range from about 18 to about 35%. This battery may be manufactured as a high-loading lithium secondary battery.
US09105933B2 Gas diffusion electrode, method of producing same, membrane electrode assembly comprising same and method of producing membrane electrode assembly comprising same
A process for producing a gas diffusion electrode comprising the steps of: casting a porous electrically conductive web with a suspension of particles of an electrically conductive material in a solution of a first binder to provide a first layer which is an electrochemically active layer (AL); casting a suspension of particles of a hydrophobic material in a solution of a second binder on said first layer to provide a second layer; and subjecting said first and second layer to phase inversion thereby realizing porosity in both said first layer and said second layer, wherein said subjection of said second layer to phase inversion thereby realizes a water repellent layer; a gas diffusion electrode obtained therewith; the use of a gas diffusion electrode in an membrane electrode assembly; a membrane electrode assembly comprising the gas diffusion electrode; and a method of producing a membrane electrode assembly is realized, said membrane electrode assembly comprising a membrane sandwiched between two electrodes at least one of which is a gas diffusion electrode, wherein said method comprises the step of casting said membrane electrode assembly in a single pass.
US09105929B2 Negative electrode base member
A battery having high output voltage, high energy density and excellent charge and discharge cycle characteristics is achieved through the use of one of the following negative electrode base members as a negative electrode base member for lithium ion secondary batteries: a negative electrode base member where a metal film is formed on a support having an organic film; such a negative electrode base member where the surface layer of the organic film is covered with a metal oxide film; a negative electrode base member where a metal film is formed on a support having a composite film formed from a composite film-forming material containing an organic component and an inorganic component; and a negative electrode base member where a silica coating is formed, on a support having a photoresist pattern, from a silica film-forming coating liquid and a metal film is formed on the support after removing the photoresist pattern.
US09105926B2 Positive electrode active material, positive electrode, and nonaqueous electrolyte cell
Disclosed herein is a positive electrode active material wherein at least one metallic element M1 different from a principal transition metal element A is present at least at part of a surface of a lithium-containing transition metal oxide containing the principal transition metal element A, and, further, a compound of a metallic element M2 different from the metallic element M1 is present in a coating manner or in the vicinity of the lithium-containing transition metal oxide.
US09105916B2 Fuel cell module
A fuel cell module includes: in a casing, a fuel cell stack that is formed by stacking a plurality of unit cells; and an oxidant gas distributing member that is disposed at a side surface, that extends in a stack direction, of the fuel cell stack, that extends in a direction from one end to another end of each of the unit cells, and that supplies the oxidant gas along the oxidant gas distributing member from the one end to the another end to supply the oxidant gas to the another end of each unit cell. The oxidant gas distributing member includes a heat exchange restraint portion that restrains heat exchange between the unit cells and the oxidant gas in at least one of end portions of the fuel cell stack in the stack direction, in comparison with the heat exchange thereof in other portion in the fuel cell stack.
US09105915B2 Fuel cell stack coupled to a humidifier via an inclined channel
An end plate of a fuel cell stack is directly fixed to a humidifier. A resin pipe is attached to an oxygen-containing gas outlet of an end plate through a resin coupling pipe. The resin pipe includes one end having a large diameter and the other end having a small diameter. The other end is provided at an off gas supply channel of the humidifier. The off gas supply channel includes an inclined channel. The other end extends up to an end of the inclined channel where inclination of the inclined channel is started. An off gas ejection port is formed at the other end. The off gas ejection port is opened to the end of the inclined channel where inclination is started. Condensed water returned along the inclined channel flows from the off gas ejection port into the resin pipe.
US09105903B2 All-solid-state lithium battery, and production method therefor
The invention relates to an all-solid-state lithium battery and to a method for producing such a battery. The all-solid-state lithium battery includes first and second electrodes separated by a solid electrolyte. The second electrode is formed by a composite material including an electrochemically-active material made of a lithium-ion insertion material, and an amorphous lithium-based material which is an ionic conductor for the lithium ions and which is inert relative to the electrochemically active material.
US09105901B2 Battery pack
A battery pack includes at least one battery module having a plurality of battery cells that are aligned in the same direction, a heat dissipation member disposed in alignment with the battery module, and a heat conducting member connected to the heat dissipation member. The heat dissipation member has a plurality of heat dissipation fins and a heat dissipation pipe. The heat dissipation pipe is connected with the plurality of heat dissipation fins.
US09105899B2 Electronic device subassemblies
An electronic device may include subassemblies such as battery structures, electromagnetic shielding structures, and button structures. The electromagnetic shielding structures may include a conductive fence and a flexible shielding layer that covers electronic components. The electromagnetic shielding structure may be formed with a recess that receives a protruding portion of a battery. The recess may be formed from a multi-level shielding structure that includes rigid and flexible portions. The button structures may be mounted to a ledge that is formed as an integral part of a device housing. An electronic device battery may be enclosed in a protective battery sleeve. The battery sleeve may include a center portion that encloses the battery and peripheral portions that are folded and coupled to the center portion by adhesive material interposed between opposing surfaces of the folded peripheral portions and the center portion of the battery sleeve.
US09105898B2 Fuel cell
A fuel cell includes a membrane electrode assembly and a separator. The separator includes a water accumulation portion including at least one of a buffer portion, a lowermost channel groove, a channel junction portion, and a bypass channel. The buffer portion is connected to a reactant gas channel through which a reactant gas is to flow along a power generation surface of the membrane electrode assembly. The channel groove is provided in the reactant gas channel and located at a lowest position in the reactant gas channel in a direction of gravity when the membrane electrode assembly and the separator are in an upright position. Channel grooves of the reactant gas channel are joined in the channel junction portion. The membrane electrode assembly includes a water impermeable layer which is disposed outside of a power generation region and which faces the water accumulation portion.
US09105896B2 Metal rings for active brazing in sodium-based thermal batteries
The present application provides for metal rings and ceramic collars for active brazing in sodium-based thermal batteries. The metal rings may be outer and inner Ni rings configured for sealing to an alpha-alumina collar via active brazing for use in NaMx cells. The inner and outer Ni metal rings may be sealed to differing portions of the alpha-alumina collar. The portions of the outer and inner Ni rings active brazed to the alpha-alumina collar may define a tapered thickness that reduces internal stresses at the active brazed joints resulting from differing coefficients of thermal expansion between the Ni metal rings and the alpha-alumina collar. The portions of the outer and inner Ni rings and alpha-alumina collar sealed by active brazing, and thereby the active braze joints themselves, may be oriented to control or dictate the stresses on the joints during use.
US09105895B2 Operation method at the time of load reduction of fuel cell system
An operation method at the time of load reduction of fuel cell system includes in this order a first step of determining a target power generation amount of the fuel cell module, a second step of increasing the flow rate of the oxygen-containing gas supplied to a fuel cell module, a third step of reducing the power generation amount of the fuel cell module, a fourth step of reducing the flow rate of the fuel gas supplied to the fuel cell module, a fifth step of reducing the flow rate of the water supplied to the fuel cell module, a sixth step of reducing the flow rate of the oxygen-containing gas supplied to the fuel cell module, and a seventh step of detecting whether the power generation amount of the fuel cell module reaches the target power generation amount or less.
US09105894B2 Fuel cell system containing anode tail gas oxidizer and hybrid heat exchanger/reformer
A fuel cell system includes at least one fuel cell stack, a fuel inlet conduit, and a fuel heat exchanger containing a fuel reformation catalyst. The fuel heat exchanger is connected to the fuel inlet conduit and to at least one fuel cell system exhaust conduit which in operation provides a high temperature exhaust stream to the fuel heat exchanger. The fuel heat exchanger is thermally integrated with an anode tail gas oxidizer (ATO) exhaust conduit such that in operation an ATO exhaust stream in the ATO exhaust conduit heats a fuel inlet stream passing through the heat exchanger.
US09105887B2 Anode injector control algorithm for a low frequency discrete output
A system and method for controlling an injector in a fuel cell system. The method provides a variety of injector pulse widths for at least one predetermined duty cycle and determines an injector close time for each of the variety of injector pulse widths. The method also determines an error for the at least one predetermined duty cycle based on each of the provided injector pulse widths and uses the injector pulse width with the lowest error for the at least one predetermined duty cycle.