Electronic apparatus enclosure device and electronic apparatus cooling system
A vapor pipe 103 connects a heat dissipation portion 200 and each of a plurality of heat receiving portions 102. A liquid pipe 104 connects the heat dissipation portion 200 and each of a plurality of the heat receiving portions 102. A bypass pipe 105 connects the vapor pipe 103 and the liquid pipe 104. A valve 106 opens and closes a flow path of the bypass pipe 105. A first connection portion 107 connects the vapor pipe 103 and the bypass pipe 105. A second connection portion 108 connects the liquid pipe 103 and the bypass pipe 105. The first connection portion 107 is disposed at a position higher than that of the second connection portion 108. As a result, refrigerant can be efficiently transported in a short time.
Phase change material heat sinks
A heat sink includes a core body. The core body defines a coolant plenum, sealed first and second chambers, and first and second coolant conduits. The sealed first and second chambers each house a phase change material. The first and second coolant conduits are separated from one another by the coolant plenum and are in fluid communication with the coolant plenum for transferring heat between coolant flowing through the core body and the phase change material.
Automation module for building automation
The invention relates to an automation module for building automation, which is designed to be installed in a wall of a house as an at least partially concealed installation. The automation module comprises a high voltage region (6) and a low voltage region (4). It additionally comprises an insulation region (5) for separating said high (6) and low (4) voltage regions, a first circuit board (41, 41′) having at least one input interface (411, 414), a second circuit board (42) having at least one control unit (422), and a third circuit board (61) having at least one switching element (611). Said first, second and third circuit boards (41, 41′; 42, 61) and the insulation region (5) are arranged one above the other in layers.
Wedge clamp for circuit board
A wedge clamp is provided. The wedge clamp includes wedge members aligned with a shaft and in sliding contact with surfaces of the neighboring wedge members. Some of wedge members each include a finger and a void, with the finger of a first member slidably inserted within the void of a second wedge member and vice versa. The fingers and voids extend at an acute angle, and the fingers and voids of other wedge members extend at another acute angle on an opposite side of a vertical axis. When the shaft is rotated some wedge members vertically translate with respect to the remaining wedge members. When the shaft is rotated in the reverse direction the wedge members translate vertically in the opposite direction returning to an original position. The interaction of the fingers and voids mechanically drive the moved wedge members into the original state.
Electronic component housing package, multi-piece wiring substrate, and method for manufacturing electronic component housing package
An electronic component housing package includes an insulating substrate having an upper surface including a mount for an electronic component, a frame-shaped metallized layer surrounding the mount on the upper surface of the insulating substrate, and a metal frame joined to the frame-shaped metallized layer with a brazing material. The frame-shaped metallized layer includes a first sloping portion sloping inwardly from an upper surface to an inner peripheral surface. The brazing material includes a fillet portion formed between an upper outer periphery of the frame-shaped metallized layer and the metal frame, and a filling portion formed between the first sloping portion and the metal frame.
Small form-factor pluggable transceiver
A small form-factor pluggable transceiver includes a housing, which includes an upper cover, a lower cover fastened to the upper cover, and a front plate arranged between an end of the upper cover and an end of the lower cover. The front plate, the upper cover, and the lower cover are assembled together so as to jointly define an accommodating space. The front plate includes a metallic layer defining a main surface thereof and two plastic structures connected to the metallic layer. The front plate has two through holes penetrating through the metallic layer for respectively accommodating two electrical signal connectors, and the two plastic structures are respectively arranged in the two through holes. When the two electrical signal connectors are respectively disposed in the two through holes, the plastic structures are arranged between the metallic layer and the electrical signal connectors separated from the metallic layer.
Circuit board and circuit module
A circuit board includes a board base element, a communication circuit connection terminal, an antenna connection terminal, and a circuit pattern including wires and lands to which predetermined circuit elements are mountable. The predetermined circuit elements include optional elements including a first coil and a second capacitor. The optional elements are electronic components to be mounted or not in the circuit pattern depending on whether a second antenna is connected to a second antenna connection terminal. The predetermined circuit elements further include basic elements including a first capacitor and first and second filters. The basic elements are electronic components to be mounted in the circuit pattern regardless of whether the optional elements are mounted. The circuit pattern is formed such that the single circuit board can optionally support plural types of antenna configurations by changing a manner of mounting the optional elements and changing the circuit configuration.
Rounded latching structure
A rounded latching structure includes a main body, a back cover, and a lock. The main body defines a groove bound by a bottom wall and a sidewall. The bottom wall defines a slot. The side wall includes a first snap. The back cover defines a second slot and includes a second snap. The back cover is slidable relative to the main body along the groove defined in the main body. The first snap is snapped in the second slot. The second snap is snapped in the first slot. The lock includes a resisting portion for fixing the back cover to the main body when the back cover is snapped to the main body.
Ground terminal for an electronic device
The present invention relates to a ground terminal for an electronic device. The ground terminal comprises a ground cable connecting device, an electrical switch, an electrical conductor connecting the ground cable connecting device to the electrical switch. The ground terminal and its ground cable connecting device is configured so that the electrical switch is brought in to a first mode in response to an electrical wire being connected to the ground cable connecting device, the first mode being a mode in which the switch establish electrical conduction between an electrical circuit of the electronic device and the ground cable connecting device. Moreover, the ground terminal and its ground cable connecting device is configured so that the electrical switch is in a second mode when no electrical wire is connected to the ground cable connecting device, the second mode being a mode in which the switch is electrically isolating the electrical circuit of the electronic device and the ground cable connecting device from each other.
An airtight structure includes a first plate having a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface, a second plate mounted on the second surface of the first plate, a wick structure mounted between the first plate and the second plate, a first fixed pin welded with the first plate and the second plate, and a second fixed pin welded with the first plate and the second plate. The second plate bonds to form a cup portion. The cup portion and the first plate together define a cavity. The wick structure is received in the cavity, a bottom surface of the cup portion forms a first through hole for receiving the first fixed pin therein. An outer periphery of the cup portion forms a second through hole. The second through hole is spaced apart from the first through hole.
Deuterium-deuterium neutron generators
Various embodiments include apparatus and methods of using the apparatus having a neutron generator. The neutron generator can include a neutron generator tube having a cylindrical inner surface that bounds a cylindrical cavity, a field ionization array cylindrically distributed on the cylindrical inner surface, and a target rod positioned in the cylindrical cavity. Additional apparatus, systems, and methods are disclosed.
Distributed fixture beacon management
Apparatuses, methods, apparatuses and systems for a light fixture are disclosed. One apparatus of the light fixture includes a sensor unit and a light intensity controller. The sensor unit includes a sensor operative to generate a sense signal based on at least one of sensed motion or light, wireless communication circuitry operative to maintain a link with a network, and a controller. The controller is operative to manage communication with the network, manage reception of beacons through the wireless communication circuitry, wherein the beacons are received from an object, and the beacons include information associated with the object, and generate dimming control base on at least one of the sensed signal and communication from the network. The light intensity controller is configured to receive the dimming control and operative to adjust an emitted light intensity of a luminaire of the light fixture.
LED drive circuit
Provided is an LED drive circuit whereby the light emission color is easily changed when dimming by adjusting the current that drives the LED. The LED drive circuit has: a variable constant current source; a first LED row having a plurality of LEDs connected in series and emitting light in a first light emission color; a second LED row having a plurality of LEDs connected in series and emitting light in a second light emission color; and a current limiting circuit including a current detection element and a switch element. The LED drive circuit is characterized by: the threshold voltage for the first LED row being larger than the threshold voltage for the second LED row; the first LED row and the second LED row being connected in parallel to the variable constant current source; and the current limiting circuit limiting the current flowing to the second LED row, on the basis of the current flowing to the current detection element via the first LED row.
Lens structure for high intensity LED fixture
A lens structure for a light emitting diode (LED) lighting fixture includes one or more lenses, each of which is configured to be located over an LEDs of the lighting fixture. Each lens includes a bowl-shaped collimator, an air gap positioned over the dome and extending into a first end of the collimator, and a core positioned over the air gap and extending into an opposing second end of the collimator.
A lighting apparatus includes: a white light source; a blue light source; a reflector layer which reflects light; a light diffuser layer which is light transmissive and disposed on an anterior surface side of the reflector layer; and a scatter panel which is light transmissive and disposed on an anterior surface side of the light diffuser layer to face the light diffuser layer. At least a portion of a gap between the scatter panel and the reflector layer and at least a portion of a gap between the scatter panel and the light diffuser layer change from a first end side to a second end side of the lighting apparatus. The white light source and the blue light source are disposed on the first end side of the lighting apparatus to emit light toward the light diffuser layer and the scatter panel.
Systems and methods for current regulation in light-emitting-diode lighting systems
Systems and methods are provided herein for current regulation. An example system controller includes: a first controller terminal configured to receive an input voltage, the first controller terminal being further configured to allow a first current flowing into the system controller based at least in part on the input voltage in response to one or more switches being closed; a second controller terminal configured to allow the first current to flow out of the system controller through the second controller terminal in response to the one or more switches being closed; a fourth controller terminal coupled to the third controller terminal through a first capacitor, the first capacitor not being any part of the system controller; and an error amplifier configured to generate a compensation signal based at least in part on the current sensing signal, the error amplifier including a second capacitor.
Flexible display device with multiple types of micro-coating layers
There is provided a flexible display having a plurality of innovations configured to allow bending of a portion or portions to reduce apparent border size and/or utilize the side surface of an assembled flexible display.
Power converter and cooking apparatus including the same
A power converter and a cooking apparatus including the same are disclosed. The power converter includes a switching unit to perform switching using a direct current (DC) voltage and to output an alternating current (AC) voltage, a driving unit to output a high-frequency voltage to a magnetron based on the AC voltage, an output voltage detector to detect an output voltage flowing to the magnetron, and a controller to calculate a frequency command value based on the detected output voltage, to generate a frequency command value by avoiding a resonance frequency when the calculated frequency command value corresponds to the resonance frequency, and to output the generated frequency command value to the switching unit. Therefore, it is possible to stably perform oscillation.
Wireless kitchen appliance operated on induction heating cooker
The present invention relates to a kitchen appliance (1) suitable for being wirelessly operated on an induction heating cooker (K), comprising a programmable microcontroller (2), one or more than one electronic circuit (3) that provides the microcontroller (2) to control the communication means, user interface and sensors, providing communication with the induction heating cooker (K) whereon the kitchen appliance (1) is operated, a power control circuitry (4) that supplies the microcontroller (2) and the electronic circuits (3) with low level DC voltage, a rectifier (5) that converts the AC voltage to DC voltage and a buffer capacitor (6) which filters the DC voltage at the rectifier (5) outlet.
Method for performing D2D communication in wireless communication system and device therefor
One embodiment of the present invention relates to a method by which a terminal performs device-to-device (D2D) communication in a wireless communication system, the method comprising the steps of: converting into a radio resource control (RRC) connection state through the transmission of a service request; being allocated a resource for the D2D communication; transmitting a D2D signal through the allocated resource; and receiving a system information block (SIB) after transmitting the D2D signal, wherein if the SIB includes information on a resource pool, the terminal does not perform an RRC recovery-related operation even if RRC connection failure occurs.
Optimizing keepalive and other background traffic in a wireless network
Systems and methods for optimizing keepalives or other non-interactive or background traffic from applications on a mobile device are disclosed. A keepalive optimizer can detect keepalive and other background traffic and optimize such traffic by blocking keepalives, advancing or delaying execution of keepalives, delaying repeatable background requests based on radio state, device state or characteristics, policy, transaction characteristics, application characteristics, and/or the like. The disclosed keepalive optimization methods facilitate management of traffic and/or conservation of resources on the mobile device and the network. The keepalive optimization can be performed by an application sending the keepalives or by a local proxy on the mobile device.
Efficient use of HS-SCCH orders and MAC control information
This disclosure relates to wireless communication. In one aspect, the technology described herein concerns a method performed by, or executed in, a control node of a wireless communication network, e.g. a RNC. The method comprises generating (401) an identifier (e.g. a handshake ID), and associating (402) the identifier with one HS-SCCH order as well as one MAC Control Information. It is thus possible to establish a one-to-one mapping between the identifier and said HS-SCCH order and said MAC Control Information. Furthermore, the generated identifier and its associated HS-SCCH order as well as its associated MAC Control Information may be communicated to another node (e.g. a UE and/or a RBS) of the wireless communication network.
Techniques for communicating feedback in low latency wireless communications
Various aspects described herein are related to communicating feedback communications received over multiple component carriers (CCs) in wireless communications. The communications can be received from a serving node over the multiple CCs configured in carrier aggregation or multiple connectivity. One or more of the multiple CCs can be determined for transmitting feedback regarding the communications received over at least one CC of the multiple CCs, wherein the one or more of the multiple CCs are selected for transmitting the feedback based at least in part on a transmission time interval (TTI) duration for the at least one CC. Feedback related to receiving the communications from the serving node over the at least one CC can be transmitted over the one or more of the multiple CCs.
Method and apparatus for requesting scheduling in cellular mobile communication system
The present invention relates to a method for a terminal requesting scheduling to transmit uplink data in a mobile communication system. More specifically, the present invention, in a system that aggregates carriers between different base stations, defines a process and a method for scheduling requests so that a terminal can transmit “scheduling request” control information to each base station, thereby enabling effective transmission of dynamic scheduling and uplink data.
Method for processing received signal by forming RE group in MIMO receiver
Disclosed are a method and a receiver for processing a received signal, the method dividing a plurality of resource elements (RE) to create RE groups by considering the inter-relationships between the channels of the plurality of REs, selecting a reference RE for each RE group, and generating, for each RE group, a detection signal from a received signal on the basis of channel information of the reference RE.
Signal transmission method, user equipment, and base station
Embodiments of the present invention disclose a signal transmission method, user equipment, and a base station. The method includes: determining a feature parameter of UE; and according to the feature parameter of the UE and a preset correspondence, determining a coverage enhancement technology used to transmit a first signal, and/or determining a second signal that the UE supports transmitting, and/or determining a function, supported by the UE, of a third signal. The present invention can optimize resource utilization of a system, decrease processing complexity, and reduce power consumption.
Communications device, infrastructure equipment, wireless communications network and methods
A user terminal configured to perform communication with an infrastructure equipment of a mobile communications network. The user terminal including a receiver configured to receive signals transmitted by the infrastructure equipment in accordance with a wireless access interface and a transmitter configured to transmit signals to the infrastructure equipment in accordance with the wireless access interface. The user terminal is configured to receive an indication on a downlink of the wireless access interface of one of a plurality of different subcarrier spacing which the communications device should use to transmit or to receive the signals representing the data.
Method and device for performing communication by using plurality of resource arrangement techniques in wireless LAN system
A method and a device for performing communication by using various RUs in a wireless LAN are presented. If a center resource unit located in the vicinity of a DC frequency band exists, whether the corresponding center resource unit is used can be determined according to whether a discontinuous channel allocation is applied. The center resource unit can be used as a null subcarrier for canceling the interference, which becomes a problem due to the discontinuous channel allocation. If the center resource unit is used as the null subcarrier, the center resource unit is inserted into different frequency chunks, thereby mitigating the interference that can be generated for each frequency chunk.
Telecommunications apparatus and methods
A method of operating a terminal device and network infrastructure equipment in a wireless telecommunications system for communicating on a primary cell supporting a primary component carrier on radio resources within a first frequency band and a secondary cell supporting a secondary component carrier on radio resources within a second frequency band. The infrastructure equipment establishes plural configuration settings for the secondary carrier based on measurements of radio usage in the second frequency band, which are conveyed to the terminal device. The terminal device makes channel quality measurements for the secondary component carrier according to the different configuration settings and reports these to the infrastructure equipment. Based on the measurements of channel quality for the different configurations, the infrastructure equipment selects one of the configuration settings, and conveys an indication of this to the terminal device in association with an allocation of transmission resources on the secondary component carrier.
Deriving an indication of a communications parameter using reference symbols
A perturbation is made to contents and/or locations in time and frequency of Reference Signals transmitted by a cell, such that the perturbation implies information regarding a capability or configuration of the cell as regards availability or configuration of a network functionality, in particular a facility to offer a narrowband virtual carrier operation. The contents and/or locations in time and frequency of the reference signals used are typically based on physical cell identity. In certain embodiments the PCI carried by some identifiable RS resources is changed, in others, the RS is transmitted in unexpected resources. The network functionality configuration information is inferred from various relationships between these transmissions and the cell's actual PCI and/or expected RS transmission resources.
System and method for overlapping rate region zoning
System and method embodiments are provided for configuring a network to forward traffic from a first network zone to a second network zone. In an embodiment, a first zone controller of the first zone receives information indicating network capability. The information includes a plurality of parameters of a constraint function. The first network controller provisions a network node, e.g., at the second zone, to forward traffic from the first zone to the second zone in accordance with the received information. The information indicating network capability includes one or more variables relating to the constraint. The constraint relates to at least one current traffic level or at least one wireless link in the second zone.
Wireless communications system, mobile station, base station, and communication method
A wireless communications system includes a base station and a mobile station. The base station transmits a second control signal used for configuring a first interval during which a first control signal having a plurality of formats is monitored and a second interval that is different from the first interval. The mobile station monitors the first control signal for the plurality of the formats during the first interval, and monitors the first control signal for formats fewer than the plurality of the formats during the second interval.
Authorized shared access carrier aggregation with sensing
A method for managing spectrum resources by a network node in a wireless communication system may include determining an availability of a first channel of a spectrum, and assigning a second channel to a secondary carrier in response to determining that the first channel is available. In the alternative, or in addition, the method may include unassigning the second channel to the secondary carrier in response to determining that the first channel is unavailable. The spectrum may be, or include, Authorized Shared Access (ASA) spectrum. The method may be performed by one or more nodes of a network that is a secondary user of the spectrum. The channel may be deemed unavailable when in use by a primary user of the ASA spectrum. A wireless communication apparatus include a processor coupled to a memory holding instructions for execution by the processor to cause the apparatus to perform operations as described above.
Telecommunications apparatus and methods
A method of operating first and second terminal devices for transmitting data in a device-to-device communication mode in a wireless telecommunications system supporting communications on a first carrier operating over a first frequency band and a second carrier operating over a second frequency band. The first terminal device transmits control signalling on the first carrier and this is received by the second terminal device. The control signalling comprises an indication of an allocation of radio resource blocks on the second carrier to be used for transmitting user-plane data from the first terminal device to the second terminal device. The first terminal device then proceeds to transmit the user-plane data to the second terminal device on the second carrier using the radio resource blocks on the second carrier identified by the control signalling. The control signalling may also provide an indication of an allocation of radio resource blocks on the first carrier to be used for transmitting user-plane data to the second terminal device.
Method for camping on sectors and terminal device
The present disclosure provides a method (300) in a terminal device for camping on sectors. The method (300) comprises: detecting (S310) a broadcast signal from an access node, the broadcast signal being associated with a first sector and having a signal strength higher than a first threshold; adding (S320) the first sector to a set of sectors for the terminal device to camp on; and monitoring (S330) a system message from each sector in the set.
Automatically modifying notifications based on distance from a paired wearable smart device
A method of management notifications on a mobile communication device includes pairing a wearable smart device with the mobile communication device, and automatically disabling notifications on the mobile communication device in response to determining that the paired wearable smart device has moved away from the mobile communication device. For example, the mobile communication device may be a smartphone and the wearable smart device may be a smartwatch. Optionally, the mobile communication device and the wearable smart device may pair using a wireless personal area network standard, such as Bluetooth™, and may also communicate using a wireless local area network, such as Wi-Fi™.
Accurately tracking a mobile device to effectively enable mobile device to control another device
A method, system and computer program product for tracking a mobile device. A reference position of the mobile device and a frequency offset between the mobile device and another device are estimated. Samples are then fetched at various frequencies from the receivers. The fetched signals are mixed with a pseudo transmitted signal. A relative distance between the mobile device and the other device is computed based on a change in frequency of the mixed signal at a current location, a velocity of the mobile device and the estimated frequency offset. An absolute distance between the mobile device and the other device is determined using the reference position and the computed relative distance. A location of the mobile device is then determined based on the mobile device's velocity and the determined absolute difference.
Method and access point for implementing timing synchronization in a radio communication network
Disclosed are a method and an Access Point (AP) for implementing timing synchronization by one or more root timing reference APs in a radio communication network. Each of the one or more root timing reference APs selects an external timing reference source from existing networks that at least partially overlap with the radio communication network, derives a reference timing from the external timing reference source, and propagates the reference timing to neighboring APs in the radio communication network.
Power headroom report for a wireless device and a base station
A wireless device receives message(s) comprising configuration parameters of a plurality of cells for communication with a base station. The message(s) comprise a first information element (IE) indicating a new extended power headroom report is configured. The first IE is configured as setup when: a secondary cell is configured with a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) and a second IE indicates that a power headroom report is configured as setup. The wireless device transmits a media-access-control (MAC) packet comprising one or more power headroom reports.
Wireless communication device and method for controlling transmission power
Disclosed is a wireless communication device that can suppress an increase in power consumption of a terminal while preventing the degradation of SINR measurement precision resulting from TPC errors in a base station. A terminal controls the transmission power of a second signal by adding an offset to the transmission power of a first signal; an offset-setting unit sets an offset correction value in response to a transmission time gap between a third signal transmitted the previous time and the second signal transmitted this time; and a transmission power control unit controls the transmission power of the second signal using the correction value.
Transmit power calibration for matching the coverage of different radio technologies on a common radio node
A method for wireless communication may comprise, for example, automatically determining first power settings for a first radio access technology (RAT) based on second power settings for a second RAT, and automatically applying the first power settings as power settings for the first RAT.
Diplexed coupler for carrier aggregation
A wireless device is disclosed that can support carrier aggregation uplink (“CAUL”) communication using a single wideband coupler. A single wideband coupler that can operate or support some or all of the communication bands of the wireless device can be used in conjunction with one or more diplexers and/or filters to measure the power of individual communication bands involved in the transmission process. Further, the use of a wideband coupler and switching network to measure the transmit power from the one or more transmit paths or main paths of a wireless device can reduce the size of a transceiver and reduce the insertion loss attributed to the power measurement components compared to systems that use separate measurement systems for each transmit path. The power measurement system may occur in a separate path in electrical connection with the wideband coupler, which may therefore be termed a coupler path.
Locator device with low power consumption
An apparatus may include an interval timer; a power control; a subscriber identity module (SIM); an SMS packetizer; a geo-locator; an RF communicator; and logic to operate the interval timer cooperatively with the power control to cause a transition of the geo-locator from a sleep state to a wake state after a defined time interval, and to operate the geo-locator to receive signal levels and cell ids from a group of cellular base stations.
Low-power wake-up mechanism for wireless devices
Systems and methods are described for a wireless electronic device including a primary wireless transceiver and a secondary wireless transceiver. An electronic processor is configured to operate the wireless device and communicate through the primary wireless transceiver when in an active mode and to monitor the secondary wireless receiver for a wake-up signal when in a sleep mode. The electronic processor transitions from the sleep mode into the active mode in response to detecting the wake-up signal through the secondary wireless receiver.
Receive operation mode reporting and subsequent frame transmission based on transitions between power management modes
Systems and techniques relating to wireless networking, namely employing power management (PM) indication mechanisms in addition to ROM indication mechanisms so as to support ROM related outage period enhancements, include: transmitting a first data frame, wherein a format of the first data frame comprises: (i) a field indicating a change in receive operation mode (ROM) settings, and (ii) a subfield having a value indicating a power management mode of the wireless device; receiving an acknowledgement frame to enable a power management mode associated with the subfield in the first frame, the acknowledgement frame having been transmitted by a second wireless device in response to receiving the first frame by the second wireless device, wherein the power management mode delays transmission of additional frames to the first wireless device until receiving a second data frame having a value indicating a change in the power management mode.
State change enabled by a hierarchical class of a radio access network device
Enabling a changing of a state of a device based on a hierarchical class of the device is disclosed. Non-macro radio access network (RAN) devices can be comprised in a network connected to a macro RAN device via a gateway RAN device. The gateway RAN device can be connected to a field RAN device via an intermediate RAN device. A state of a field RAN device can be altered based on a criterion. In an embodiment the criterion can be use of the hierarchical class of the RAN device, e.g., a field class RAN device, by an active or idle UE. In an embodiment the criterion can be use, by an active or idle UE, of another RAN device that is a logical neighbor to the field RAN device. Altering the state can result in a power savings or improved interference characteristics of the network.
Terminal, base station, reception quality reporting method, and data transmission state switching method
The objective of the invention is to control switching of ON/OFF states of a cell without increasing the overhead of signaling to a terminal. A setting information reception unit (203) receives setting information related to a second offset value to be commonly added to reception-quality measurement-values of OFF-state base stations. A base station state determination unit (206) determines whether a reception quality measurement-target base station is an ON-state base station or an OFF-state base station. If the reception quality measurement-target base station is an OFF-state base station, the base station state determination unit (206) calculates a reception-quality measurement-result by adding at least the second offset value to a reception-quality measurement-value of the reception quality measurement-target base station, and then determines whether to report the reception-quality measurement-result.
Broadcast information block assistance for a wireless device
This disclosure relates to broadcast information block assistance for a wireless device. The wireless device may obtain a first plurality of broadcast information blocks from a first base station. The wireless device may receive a second plurality of broadcast information blocks associated with the first base station from a source other than the first base station. The wireless device may determine if the second plurality of broadcast information blocks match the first plurality of broadcast information blocks based on version information specified in the first plurality of broadcast information blocks. When the broadcast information blocks match, the wireless device may use the first and second pluralities of broadcast information blocks to perform communication with the first base station without obtaining the second plurality of information blocks from the first base station.
Method for detecting discovery signal for device-to-device communication in wireless communication system, and device for same
Disclosed is a method by which a terminal detects a discovery signal for device-to-device communication in a wireless communication system. Particularly, the method comprises the steps of: forming a discovery signal group, comprising the pre-set number of code words, on the basis of a discovery signal of a terminal of another user that is already known; receiving and decoding the predetermined discovery signal; and determining that the discovery signal of the other user's terminal is detected when the decoded discovery signal is included in the discovery signal group.
Method and apparatus for distributing content via diverse networks
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, predicting opportunities for a mobile communication device to access a network via available pathways during a first time period according to a history of network connectivity of the mobile communication device, selecting a first pathway of the available pathways according to the opportunities that are predicted for the mobile communication device to access the network via the available pathways during the first time period, and directing transmission of first data to the mobile communication device via the first pathway during the first time period, wherein a presence of a second data at the mobile communication device enables an application to access the first data at the mobile communication device. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Multi-path wireless mesh networks
Provided is a process that includes obtaining a directed acyclic graph describing a plurality wireless connections between a plurality of downstream nodes forming a multi-path route to an Internet connected wireless transceiver; determining an encoding kernel specifying transformations to be performed by the plurality of downstream nodes on data received from upstream nodes; transmitting at least part of the encoding kernel to at least some of the downstream nodes; and transmitting data from a data source to a downstream node in the directed acyclic graph specified by the encoding kernel such that the data is conveyed through the multi-hop, multi-path route to the Internet connected wireless transceiver.
Methods for operating a mobile station and a base station in a radio communication system, mobile station and base station thereof
The embodiments of the invention relate to a method for operating a mobile station (MS) in a radio communication system (RAN). The method contains receiving first radio resource information for a transmission of first reference signals via a first radiation beam (BM1-BS1) being directed towards a first direction by at least one neighboring base station (BS1) of a serving base station (BS2) of the mobile station (MS) and at least second radio resource information for a transmission of at least second reference signals via at least one second radiation beam (BM2-BS1, . . . BM5-BS1) being directed towards at least one second direction by the at least one neighboring base station (BS1). The method further contains receiving the first reference signals based on the first radio resource information, receiving the at least second reference signals based on the at least second radio resource information, determining first quality information of the first radiation beam (BM1-BS1) based on the received first reference signals and at least second quality information of the at least second radiation beam (BM2-BS1, . . . BM5-BS1) based on the received at least second reference signals, and transmitting at least one of the first quality information and the at least second quality information to the serving base station (BS2). The embodiments further relate to a method for operating a base station (BS2) in a radio communication system (RAN), to a mobile station (MS) for operation in a radio communication system (RAN) and to a base station (BS2) for operation in a radio communication system (RAN).
Performing a channel state information measurement in an enhanced machine-type communication
The present disclosure proposes indicating to the UE a set of CSI reference subframes that may be used in performing a CSI measurement. The set of CSI reference subframes may be measured over multiple frequencies when frequency hopping occurs. In an aspect of the disclosure, a method, a computer-readable medium, and an apparatus are provided. The apparatus may receive information associated with a number of CSI reference subframes to use in performing CSI measurements in a narrowband communication. In addition, the apparatus may monitor subframes on at least two frequency channels including a PDCCH. Further, the apparatus may perform a CSI measurement across the at least two frequency channels based on the information associated with the number of CSI reference subframes.
System and method for bottom-up invocation of control signal repeaters in a mesh lighting network
Example embodiments of the invention efficiently organize, control and prioritize a distributed lighting network. A mesh lighting network is organized from the bottom up into groups of lighting devices with control signal repeaters fanning out control signals to each group. Each lighting device is capable of forwarding control signals to additional lighting devices. During build-out of the mesh network, as new lighting devices are installed, the control network automatically selects a device whose repeater function will provide the most reliable and efficient distribution of control signals to the new group of devices being installed.
Remote profile modification for device recovery assist
A system is provided for recovering a mobile device by enabling an authorized user to remotely change the profile of the device to assist others in returning the device to the user. Initially, a user registers the mobile device with a recovery assist server. When the user is unable to locate the device because it is, for example, lost or stolen, the user indicates with the server that the device is missing. The device and the server are configured to communicate with each other, for example, periodically or, in another example, on device start up. If the device is identified as missing on the server, the operation of the mobile device is configured based on a missing profile associated with the mobile device. Once the device is located, the user indicates with the server that the device is no longer missing. When the device is unidentified as missing on the server, the operation of the mobile device is configured based on a user profile associated with the mobile device. When the mobile device is configured based on the missing profile, the mobile device may, for example, display a background image or play a ring tone to inform persons near the device that the device is considered mislaid and to provide such persons with information for returning the device.
Device network status information
To provide status information on devices in a device network, the devices are configured to broadcast status information, both own and received, and store in addition to own status information also received status information of other devices.
Method, apparatus, and system for online subscription data configuration
The present disclosure provides a method, an apparatus, and a method for online subscription data configuration. This method for online subscription data configuration includes: acquiring, by a subscription data configuration function device (SMF), equipment capability information of a user equipment (UE) and information of a service supported by the UE; generating, by the SMF, user subscription data according to the equipment capability information of the UE and the information of service supported by the UE, and generating user service subscription data according to the information of the service supported by the UE; where the user subscription data and the user service subscription data include an international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI) allocated to the UE by the SMF; performing, by the SMF, subscription data configuration on a home subscriber server (HSS) and a subscription profile repository (SPR), according to the user subscription data and the user service subscription data.
Method for operating an emergency call system and emergency call system
An emergency call system and a method for operating the emergency call system are provided. The emergency call system includes a mobile device and receiving stations. The mobile device has a radio module to transmit an emergency call and each of the receiving stations is configured as a router and has an alarm device and a radio module to receive the emergency call. The emergency call is transmitted from the mobile device to a first receiving station to trigger the alarm signal and a position of the mobile device relative to the receiving stations is determined. Depending on the position, only one of the receiving stations is selected to trigger the alarm signal.
Personal security system
A method for providing assistance to each of a plurality of users, each having been enrolled as a member of a community includes receiving, at a server, communications from corresponding mobile devices, each of which is associated with a user who has enrolled as a member in a first community. These emergency communications were initiated by activation of respective personal security buttons on the mobile devices, and provide information about respective security conditions. In response to the communications, the server alerts corresponding first and second security services that are appropriate responding to the respective security conditions.
Terminal device and early warning method thereof
The embodiments of the present disclosure disclose a terminal device and an early warning method for the terminal device. The method includes: a terminal starts a global positioning system (GPS) positioning to acquire current geographical location information in real time, and matches the current geographical location information with geographical location information of a set region in a service area of a base station to which the terminal belongs; if a matching result is that the terminal has left the set region of the base station to which the terminal belongs, the terminal performs an early warning operation. The terminal device includes a matching unit and an early warning processing unit.
Quarantine network for wireless devices
A system and method for a quarantine network for a personal area network are provided. A plurality of devices that are connected to a first personal area network are identified. A first device is designated as being authorized to communicate using the first personal area network and a second device of the plurality of devices is designated as not being authorized to communicate using the first personal area network. The first device is instructed to disconnect from the first personal area network. Communications with the second device are ceased. After ceasing communication with the second device, the second device continues to be connected to the first personal area network. It is then determined that the first device is connected to a second personal area network. The first device is instructed the first device to use a network key for communications with a network controller.
Point of sale (POS) device responsive to detected interference with antenna
A payment object reader or POS device tracks performance of a wireless transceiver. In response to detection of a dip in performance of the wireless transceiver, the payment object reader or POS device retunes the wireless transceiver, enables a first subsystem of the payment object reader or POS device from a disabled state, transmits a notification indicating a defect, or identifies a tamper attempt. Sensor measurements and other actions within the payment object reader or POS device can be correlated with wireless transceiver underperformance and used to predict actions to take.
Method and device for controlling device using bluetooth technology
The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for controlling a connection between a first device and a second device by using a Bluetooth LE (Low Energy) or a Bluetooth BR/EDR. According to the present invention, the control device transmits first control information for changing the mode of the device to at least one of the first device and the second device, and connects the first device to the second device The second device can control the connection between the first device and the second device.
Wireless data transfer
Techniques for setting up wireless data transfer are described. In one embodiment, for example, an apparatus may be configured to monitor network traffic. A context or origin of the network traffic may be determined. Control options for setting up a wireless data transfer may be determined and presented to a user. Based upon user input, a control option may be selected. Routing network traffic may be performed based upon the selected control option. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Method of transmitting information regarding an emergency between a mobile terminal and an emergency management site
Methods and devices for transmitting information regarding an emergency between a mobile terminal and an emergency control center. The method includes communicating first information regarding the emergency via a control channel of a mobile radio system between the mobile terminal and the emergency control center and communicating second information regarding the emergency via a speech channel of the mobile radio system between the mobile terminal and the emergency control center. The control channel may be a logical channel. The speech channel may also be a logical channel. Via the control channel, an SMS which may include the first information regarding the emergency, such as the emergency site and the time of the emergency, may be transmitted from the mobile terminal to the emergency control center.
Prioritization of messages within a message collection
In some embodiments, a computer implemented method of processing messages may include receiving priority information from at least one sponsor, the priority information to be used in determining a priority of one or more messages received from a plurality user devices, creating a message collection using a plurality of messages received from the plurality of user devices, and prioritizing at least one message in the message collection according to the received priority information.
Magnetic fingerprinting for proximity-based systems
Systems, devices, and methods for magnetic fingerprinting for proximity-based systems are described herein. One device includes instructions stored thereon executable by a processor to receive location information associated with a mobile device in a facility, determine that the mobile device is within a particular distance of an area of the facility based on the location information, determine magnetic field information associated with the mobile device, and allow access to the area via a relay associated with the area responsive to a determination that the user is allowed access based on the magnetic field information.
Secure location-based events and notifications
Computer program products, methods, systems, apparatus, and computing entities are provided. In one embodiment, the location of entities (e.g., computing entities and establishments) can be monitored or identified to determine whether they are within a configurable/determinable distance/proximity from each other. Such determinations can be used to automatically provide notifications and/or allow or disallow events.
Updating firmware of IOT devices
An access point (AP) of a wireless network receives registration requests for a firmware update from a set of Internet of Things (IOT) devices. The AP determines availability of the firmware update at a remote server, and upon determining the availability, downloads the firmware update from the remote server into to a non-volatile storage and provides the firmware update to the set of IOT devices.
Binaural hearing aid system comprising two wireless interfaces and a user interface
A binaural aid assistance system comprises first and second hearing assistance devices adapted for being located at or in left and right ears of a user. Each of the first and second hearing assistance devices comprises a) a first wireless interface comprising first antenna and transceiver circuitry adapted for establishing a first communication link to the respective other hearing assistance device based on near-field communication; b) a second wireless interface comprising second antenna and transceiver circuitry adapted for establishing a second communication link to an auxiliary device based on far-field communication. The binaural hearing aid system further comprises c) a user interface from which a user can select a suitable routing of an audio signal from the auxiliary device to each of the first and second hearing assistance devices.
Hearing device and method with flexible control of beamforming
A hearing device of a binaural hearing system is disclosed, the binaural hearing system comprising the hearing device and a contralateral hearing device. The hearing device comprises: a transceiver module for communication with the contralateral hearing device of the binaural system, the transceiver module configured for provision of a contralateral signal received from the contralateral hearing device; and a set of microphones comprising a first microphone and a second microphone for provision of a first microphone input signal and a second microphone input signal, respectively. The hearing device comprises: a beamforming module connected to the first microphone and the second microphone for processing the first microphone input signal, the second microphone input signal and the contralateral signal, the beamforming module configured to provide a first beamformed input signal. The hearing device comprises a beamforming controller connected to the beamforming module and the transceiver module.
Hearing assistance device comprising an input transducer system
The application relates to a hearing assistance device (HAD) comprising (a) an input transducer system comprising (a1) an audio input transducer (AIT), and (a2) a first supplementary input transducer (SIT1), (b) an output transducer (OT) for converting a processed output signal to a stimulus perceivable by said user as sound, and (c) a signal processing unit (SPU) operationally connected to said audio input transducer (AIT), to said first supplementary input transducer (SIT1), and to said output transducer (OT), said signal processing unit (SPU) being configured for processing said electric audio input signal, and said first supplementary electric input signal, and for providing said processed output signal. The audio input transducer (AIT) is adapted for being located in an ear of the user. In a NORMAL mode of operation, electric audio input signal is processed in the signal processing unit and the supplementary electric input signal(s) are used to control the processing.
Ultrasonic transducers that are capable of generating increased levels of ultrasound, as well as receiving ultrasonic waves with increased sensitivity. The ultrasonic transducers include a back cover, a protective front cover, a backplate, and a vibrator film layer disposed between the backplate and the protective front cover. The backplate includes a plurality of grooves formed on a surface thereof facing the vibrator film layer. Each groove includes upper edges having cross-sectional contours that gradually tend toward the deepest part of the groove to allow a larger area of the backplate to be closer to the vibrator film layer, thereby increasing the resulting electric field, and, consequently, increasing the output power and sensitivity of the ultrasonic transducer.
Noise extracting device, noise extracting method, microphone apparatus, and recording medium recording program
A noise extracting device includes first and second microphones that are provided at spatially different positions and pick up sounds, a first noise signal extractor that extracts a first noise signal included in a first signal obtained by subjecting output signals of the first and second microphones to directionality combining, a second noise signal extractor that obtains a second noise signal included in a second signal different from the first signal in a condition of the directionality combining, and a noise signal separator that separates the first and second noise signals into individual noise signals indicating noises generated in the respective first and second microphones.
Covariance matrix estimation with acoustic imaging
A computing device is provided, comprising a processor configured to receive a set of measurements of a vector x of acoustic data, including noise, interference, and a signal of interest. The processor may express x in a frequency domain discretized in a plurality of intervals. For each interval, the processor may generate an estimate Ŝx of a covariance matrix of x. For each Ŝx, the processor may use acoustic imaging to obtain an estimate Ŷ of a spatial source distribution. For each Ŷ, the processor may remove the signal of interest to produce an estimate Ŵ of a noise and interference spatial source distribution. For each Ŵ, the processor may generate an estimate Ŝn of a noise and interference covariance matrix. The processor may generate a beamformer configured to remove noise and interference from the acoustic data, wherein the noise and interference at each frequency are identified using Ŝn.
A microphone comprises: a vibration member having a plate shape and formed so as to have elasticity and cause bending due to sound waves; a case having a depressed groove, which forms an air layer between the depressed groove and the vibration member since the vibration member is stacked on an upper part thereof, and coupled to the upper part of the depressed groove such that the vibration member is vibrated by sound waves; and a vibration detection unit provided on the vibration unit and the case and measuring the vibration of the vibration member vibrating by sound waves on the case, wherein when the vibration member vibrates, the air in the air layer flows so as to damp the vibration of the vibration member.
The invention discloses a sound device. The sound device includes a frame and a lower plate. The frame includes a side wall and a leaking hole penetrating the side wall. The sound device also includes an air-permeable isolator covering the leaking hole, and the air-permeable isolator covers the leaking hole completely. Compared with the related technologies, when the sound device is provided in the box body to form a sound device box, a back cavity circumvented and formed by the sound device and the sound device box can be directly filled with acoustic absorbent to form a virtual acoustic cavity.
Earbud case with charging system
A case for a pair of earbuds includes a housing having cavities to receive the pair of earbuds and charging circuitry that is configured to initiate charging of the pair of earbuds when an earbud detector detects that the earbuds are inserted within the cavities.
Sound output device and sound guiding device
Provided is a sound output device worn on an ear of a listener and used, and having listening characteristics of an ambient sound in a wearing state. A sound output device 100 includes a sound generating portion 110 that generates a sound, a sound guiding portion 120 that takes in the sound generated in the sound generating portion 110 from one end 121, and a holding portion 130 that holds the sound guiding portion 120 in the vicinity of the other end 122. The holding portion 130 is engaged with an intertragic notch, and supports the sound guiding portion 120 such that a sound output hole of the other end 122 of the sound guiding portion 120 to face a depth side of an ear canal. Even in a state where the listener wears the sound output device 100, the sound output device 100 does not block an ear cavity of the listener, and the listener can listen to the ambient sound.
Light bulb speaker with assistant speakers utilizing echo chamber for sound amplification
The present disclosure provides a light bulb speaker system. The light bulb speaker system includes a housing having an open end and a partially closed end. A coaxial main speaker is positioned proximal to the open end, a first assistant speaker and a second assistant speaker are positioned between the open end and the partially closed end within the housing. The first and second assistant speakers are mounted so that they face perpendicular to a central axis of the light bulb speaker. The system also includes a light source component mounted within an annular frame, the light source proximally mounted within the housing towards the open end. The housing includes a plurality of speaker holes positioned on opposing sides so that the first and the second assistant speaker are configured to align with the plurality of the speaker holes.
Loudspeaker arrangement for a passenger cabin of a transport means
A loudspeaker arrangement for a passenger cabin of a transport means, including a loudspeaker and a housing having a receiver for the loudspeaker. The loudspeaker includes at least one membrane capable of oscillation and at least one loudspeaker coil. The loudspeaker coil is integrated into the membrane capable of oscillation, wherein the membrane electrically insulates the loudspeaker coil at least in part.
Systems and methods for playback of summary media content
Systems and methods are provided for playing a summary of a scene related to a current scene from a media asset being played in a display. This may be accomplished by a media guidance application receiving a command to play a summary of a scene related to the current playback. The media guidance application then determines a scene or scenes related to the current scene and compiles a summary of the related scenes. The media guidance application may also compile summarized content of the current scene to catch a viewer watching summary up to the current scene when the summary is complete. The media guidance application generates for display, on a second display, the summary content.
Methods and apparatus for integrating media across a wide area network
A system for distributing media includes a wide area network (WAN), a media player coupled to the WAN at a first home, and a media server coupled to the WAN at a second home for providing media. A service is coupled to the WAN for receiving a request for media from the media player and for establishing a connection between the first and second homes over the WAN. Media is streamed across the WAN from the second home to the first home. The system may include a storage device coupled to the media player when media is transferred across the WAN for storage at the storage device. A media device may be coupled to the media player for playing the streamed/transferred media where the media player and the media device may comprise a television, stereo, or computer and the media item may comprise video, photographs, or audio.
Systems and methods for automatically enabling subtitles based on detecting an accent
Systems and methods are described for automatically enabling subtitles based on a user profile when a language is spoken with an accent a user has difficulty understanding. For example, a media guidance application may detect a first plurality of user interactions of the user while the given language is being spoken with the accent. Based on the first plurality of interactions, the media guidance application may calculate a first value associated with a user specific level of difficulty indicating how difficult it is for the user to understand the language when spoken with the accent. If the first plurality of user interactions are not being performed again, the media guidance application may update the user specific difficulty with a second value that is lower than the first value. The media guidance application may automatically generate for display subtitles for a media asset based on the user specific level of difficulty.
Systems and method for analyzing advertisement pods
Systems and methods for analyzing viewing behavior of users viewing video content and advertisements are provided. A system may periodically or continuously receive tune data reflecting the viewing behavior of users, analyze the viewing behavior to determine a location and time period of advertisement blocks in a viewed segment, and determine parameters reflecting a comparison between a number of viewers that viewed the advertisement blocks and a number of viewers that viewed non-advertised content. The system may also deliver a report of the analysis to advertisers, agencies, media sellers, or other parties that are interested in measuring the effectiveness of advertisements on users. The analysis by the system can be done over multiple different types of content-distribution platforms.
Smart display and associated control method
A smart display and its associated control method are provided. The smart display includes a communication interface, selectively electrically connected to an external host; an internal host, for adjusting an operation mode according to connection status between the communication interface and the external host; a video module, electrically connected to the communication interface and the internal host, for displaying video data from one of the external host and the internal host according to the connection status between the communication interface and the external host; a peripheral; and a switch, electrically connected to the internal host, the communication interface and the peripheral, for controlling the peripheral to execute control data transmitted by one of the external host and the internal host.
Profiling and identification of television viewers
In one embodiment, a computer-implemented method includes monitoring a plurality of actions and inactions with video controls of a particular viewer during a first session, wherein the plurality of actions and inactions form a session profile that represents the particular viewer's short-term viewing habits; correlating one or more session profiles that have similar category values to create a signature profile having signature categories that represents the long-term viewing habits of a particular viewer; and matching a new session profile with an existing signature profile to determine a particular viewer for targeted advertising purposes.
Method, terminal, and system for communication pairing of a digital television terminal and a mobile terminal
Embodiments of the present disclosure disclose a method, a terminal, and a system for communication pairing of a digital television terminal and a mobile terminal. The method for communication pairing with a digital television terminal includes: acquiring communication connection information of the digital television terminal, wherein the communication connection information includes communication hardware information of the digital television terminal; performing encoding according to the communication connection information to generate a two-dimensional code image; displaying the two-dimensional code image; establishing a link connection to a mobile terminal that acquires the two-dimensional code image by using a camera; and performing communication pairing with the mobile terminal by means of the established link connection. By using the present disclosure, communication connection and pairing between a mobile terminal and a digital television terminal can be completed easily and conveniently.
Thematic programming channel
Aspects of the disclosure relate to configuration of content and consumption thereof content in a networked environment. In certain aspects, the consumed content can be coordinated or otherwise synchronized between disparate consumption devices, which may be served content via different content platforms. In another aspect, the consumed content can be customized for a specific device and/or an end-user thereof. In yet another aspect, recommendations for content and/or products associated with at least a portion of the content can be provided.
HDR image encoding and decoding methods and devices
To allow graders to make optimally looking content of HDR scenes for various rendering displays, we invented an image encoder (202) comprising: an input (240) for a high dynamic range input image (M_HDR); an image grading unit (201) arranged to allow a human color grader to specify a color mapping from a representation (HDR_REP) of the high dynamic range input image defined according to a predefined accuracy, to a low dynamic range image (Im_LDR) by means of a human-determined color mapping algorithm, and arranged to output data specifying the color mapping (Fi(MP_DH)); and an automatic grading unit (203) arranged to derive a second low dynamic range image (GT_IDR) by applying an automatic color mapping algorithm to one of the high dynamic range input image (M_HDR) or the low dynamic range image (Im_LDR). We also describe and interesting new saturation processing strategy useful in the newly emerging high dynamic range image handling technology.
Image decoding method, image coding method, image decoding apparatus, image coding apparatus, and image coding and decoding apparatus
The image decoding method includes: determining a context for use in a current block to be processed, from among a plurality of contexts; and performing arithmetic decoding on a bit sequence corresponding to the current block, using the determined context, wherein in the determining: the context is determined under a condition that control parameters of neighboring blocks of the current block are used, when the signal type is a first type, the neighboring blocks being a left block and an upper block of the current block; and the context is determined under a condition that the control parameter of the upper block is not used, when the signal type is a second type, and the second type is “inter_pred_flag”.
Apparatus for decoding video data
An apparatus is provided for decoding video data in a merge mode. The apparatus comprises an inter prediction unit configured to derive motion information of a current coding unit and generate a prediction block using the motion information, wherein the motion information is derived using a merge index and a merge candidate list constructed using available spatial and temporal merge candidates. The apparatus further comprises an inverse-quantizing unit configured to inverse-quantize a quantized block by using a quantization parameter, an inverse transform unit configured to generate a residual block by inverse-transforming the inverse-quantized block, and an adder configured to generate a reconstruct block by adding the residual block and the prediction block.
Method and apparatus for applying view synthesized prediction according to illumination compensation
An inter-layer video decoding method is described including reconstructing a color image and a depth image of a first layer based on encoding information about the color image and the depth image of the first layer obtained from a bitstream. When it is determined that a prediction mode of a current block of a second layer image to be decoded is a view synthesized prediction mode based on an image synthesized from the first layer image a determination is made whether to perform luminance compensation on the second layer current block to be reconstructed. Use of the view synthesized prediction mode to reconstruct the second layer current block depends on the luminance compensation determination.
Display unit, display system, and display method
Provided is a display unit that includes a first display section and a second display section. The first display section is configured to perform picture display and transmissive display. The picture display is based on a picture signal and performed on pixels in a partial region corresponding to a partial image part in a frame image represented by the picture signal, and the transmissive display is performed on pixels in a region other than the partial region. The second display section is provided behind the first display section, and configured to perform dummy display and transmissive display. The dummy display is performed on pixels in the partial region to display a dummy image that is one of a uniform image and a non-uniform image, and the transmissive display is performed on pixels in the region other than the partial region.
Display device and display method
This display device is provided with a display unit and a connection unit. The display unit reflects a naked-eye-stereoscopic display image onto a glass windshield. The correction unit corrects, in accordance with correction patterns corresponding to the curved shape of the glass windshield, the image to be displayed includes a left-eye image and a right-eye image. The image to be displayed includes a left-eye image and a right-eye image. The correction patterns include: a first pattern for correcting the left-eye image: and a second pattern for correcting the right-eye image.
Projection device and a method of manufacturing a projection device
The present disclosure provides a projection device and manufacturing method, comprising the steps of fixing the positions of a red light source, green light source and blue light source so that the light sources are immovable; providing a mirror which is configured to oscillate such that it can scan light it receives across a display screen; positioning an optical component, which is configured to deflect light, such that it can receive red, green and blue light beams outputted from the red, green and blue light sources respectively; adjusting the optical component such that the optical component compensates for variation between the light sources, in the direction in which the red, green and blue light beams are output from the red, green and blue light sources, so that each of the red, green and blue light beams are directed to the same point on the display screen.
Systems and methods for remote data collection using unmanned vehicles
Systems and methods for using unassisted vehicles to assess damage in a particular location are described. According to certain aspects, the systems and methods may utilize an unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) and a plurality of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The UGV and the UAVs may be configured with various sensors to capture various damage or environmental data. The UGV and/or the UAVs may also transmit captured data to a central facility for processing. The UGV may serve as a mobile docking and recharging platform for the UAVs and may therefore extend the range and endurance of the UAVs. The UGV may be configured for remote operation, thus eliminating the need to send personnel into a potentially dangerous environment.
Systems and methods for agricultural monitoring
An agricultural monitoring system, the agricultural monitoring system comprising: an imaging sensor, configured and operable to acquire image data at submillimetric image resolution of parts of an agricultural area in which crops grow, when the imaging sensor is airborne; a communication module, configured and operable to transmit to an external system image data content which is based on the image data acquired by the airborne imaging sensor; and a connector operable to connect the imaging sensor and the communication module to an airborne platform.
Wide area intermittent video using non-orthorectified feature matching in long period aerial image capture with pixel-based georeferencing
This application relates to techniques for obtaining wide area intermittent video (WAIV). Some embodiments disclosed herein include a method of obtaining WAIV. The method can include, for example, capturing images at a series of sensor stations having pre-determined locations along a flightline. The flightline can be repeated one or more times, where images are captured at the same sensor stations with each pass of the flightline. The captured images from the same sensor station may have replicated view geometry and may be co-registered and precisely aligned with pixel-level precision. The captured images from multiple sensor stations through time may also be displayed together based upon absolute or relative sensor station locations to create a temporal sequence of wide area intermittent video. The approach provides efficient methods for creating wide area video with reduced temporal imaging frame rates. Systems and devices for forming wide area intermittent video are also disclosed.
Information processing apparatus, information processing method, program, and server
An information processing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present technology includes a generation unit and a first transmission unit. The generation unit generates parameter information that shows states of a user. The first transmission unit transmits the generated parameter information through a network to an information processing apparatus of a communication partner capable of generating an image that reflects the state of the user on the basis of the parameter information.
Handling nuisance in teleconference system
The disclosure relates to handling nuisance in teleconference system. An endpoint device (400) for use in a teleconference includes an acquiring unit (401), a judging unit (402), a controller (403) and a processing unit (404). The acquiring unit acquires a media stream for presentation in the teleconference, and receives information from another device. The information includes a first estimation on whether the media stream is a nuisance to the teleconference. As the nuisance to a teleconference, audio or video signals are perceived by users as actually not relevant to the conference session or causing unpleasant feeling or confusion. The judging unit decides whether the media stream is the nuisance at least based on the information. The controller controls the processing of the media stream to degrade or suppress the presentation of the media stream in case that the media stream is decided as the nuisance. The processing unit processes the media stream under the control of the controller.
Image display system and image display method
In an image display system for viewing, by a user in a first space, an image of a second space remote from the first space, image data indicating an image acquired by an imaging device placed in the second space is received from the imaging device. A partial image of the image indicated by the received image data is displayed on a display screen in the first space, the partial image having a display size corresponding to the size of the display screen. At least one of the position, the facial direction, the visual line, or the facial position of the user in the first space is detected by a detector. When a detection result of the detector changes while the partial image is being displayed, it is determined which partial image of the image indicated by the image data is to be displayed on the display screen.
Video conferencing over IP networks
A method for communication includes establishing multiple communication links over a packet network between a server and plurality of client computers that are to participate in a video teleconference. The client computers may also create secondary communication links that function similarly to links between the server and client computers. The server receives from the client computers uplink audio packets and uplink video packets, which respectively contain audio and video data captured by each of the client computers. The server mixes the audio data from the uplink audio packets so as to create respective streams of mixed audio data for transmission to the client computers and transmits to the client computers downlink audio packets containing the respective streams of mixed audio data. The server relays the video data to the client computers in downlink video packets. The client computers receive and synchronize the video data with the mixed audio data.
High accuracy displacement detection system with offset pixel array
A pixel array system for high accuracy detection of displacement, speed and acceleration includes: an array comprising m columns and n rows, wherein at least every other row is offset with respect to a preceding row of the array. In a first embodiment, every other row is offset with respect to a preceding row of the array by 25% of a pixel width. In a second embodiment, every two rows are offset with respect to a preceding two rows of the array by 25% of a pixel width.
Systems and methods for a digital image sensor
A system, method, and computer program product are provided for generating an image stack. In use, one or more exposure parameters for an image stack are configured. Next, a capture command is received. Further, a pixel array is initialized within an image sensor of the camera module. Moreover, one or more ambient images are sampled within one or more corresponding analog storage planes. Next, if it is determined whether a strobe unit is enabled, where, if it is determined that the strobe unit is enabled, one or more strobe images are sampled within the corresponding analog storage planes.
Automatic identification and mapping of consumer electronic devices to ports on an HDMI switch
Methods, systems, and apparatuses are described for automatic identification and mapping of consumer electronic devices to ports on an HDMI switch. A device that is connected to an HDMI switch is identified based on data received over an HDMI connection, and ports on the HDMI switch are automatically mapped and configured. Methods, systems, and apparatuses are described for back-end database creation for automatic identification and mapping of consumer electronic devices to ports on an HDMI switch. The back-end database may be created by the based on video and audio signatures received from a consumer electronic device and based on remote control information and signatures.
Method for obtaining a refocused image from 4D raw light field data
A method for obtaining a refocused image from 4D raw light field data for a given focus plane value g is described. The method is executed by an electronic device and is remarkable in that it comprises determining at least one pixel value, for at least one color component, of the refocused image at coordinates (k, l)∈N2. The at least one projected pixel value with coordinates comprised in a neighborhood of said coordinates (k, l), for the at least one color component is determined, weighted and updated.
Image sensor having multiple output ports
An apparatus is described that includes an image sensor having a first output port and a second output port. The first output port is to transmit a first image stream concurrently with a second image stream transmitted from the second output port.
Synchronization of rolling shutter camera and dynamic flash light
Various embodiments may be generally directed to techniques for synchronizing operation of a flash light with operation of a camera using a rolling shutter for image capture. Various embodiments provide techniques for illuminating portions of a field of view of a camera substantially synchronously with portions of the field of view of the camera undergoing image capture. Various embodiments provide techniques for illuminating sequential sections of the camera field of view, rather than the entire field of view of the camera, at substantially the same time that a sensor of the camera performs image capture operations using corresponding portions of an image sensor, such as exposing the sensors to light from the image to be captured.
Signal processing device, image scanning device, image forming apparatus, and method of controlling the same
A signal processing device includes a signal output circuit, a controller, and a corrector. The signal output circuit outputs a signal according to a physical quantity being input. The controller controls the signal output circuit. The corrector corrects a signal to be corrected. The signal to be corrected is output from the signal output circuit. The signal output circuit selectively performs one of first operation of outputting a characteristic signal that indicates characteristics of the signal output circuit and second operation of outputting a pseudo signal that is generated spuriously, according to control of the controller. The corrector corrects the signal to be corrected based on one of the characteristic signal and the pseudo signal output from the signal output circuit.
Information processing device
An information processing device includes an informing unit. The informing unit provides information concerning a state of processing in a first informing mode and information concerning an object of the processing in a second informing mode at the same time. The first informing mode is a mode for providing information by using a first attribute which forms elements. The second informing mode is a mode for providing information by using, among the elements, a second attribute, which is different from the first attribute used in the first informing mode.
Information processing apparatus, information processing method, and non-transitory recording medium
A Web browser is installed on an information processing apparatus coupled to a server apparatus that provides a single-page application. The Web browser obtains a Web content for displaying pages in the single-page application. The Web content includes screen definition information in which content elements are defined for respective page identification information items and includes configuration information in which a configuration between the page identification information items is defined. The Web browser creates, based on the configuration information, component information including, for the respective page identification information items, page components of the pages. When an operation for a page transition is performed, the Web browser displays a page after the transition based on a content element corresponding to a page identification information item of the page after the transition and on a page component corresponding to the page identification information item of the page after the transition.
Image forming apparatus and storage medium
An image forming apparatus includes an application on a framework separated into a core logic portion handling basic processing and a user interface frame portion handling rendering processing and operates; and a controller that executes the application and the framework. The core logic portion is implemented with an application programming interface defined by the framework. The application includes plural applications including a device application. The framework loads all core logic portions of the plural applications at activation of a system. A core logic portion of the device application monitors a state of a device relating to execution of another application and holds information on the device. A core logic portion of the other application acquires the information on the device from the device application and holds the information as display information.
Apparatus and method for obtaining update information via a network to display data
An apparatus includes a display that displays data; a memory that stores the data and a display condition for displaying the data; and a processor. The processor determines whether the display condition is satisfied in accordance with a change of status of the apparatus. The processor displays the data in response to determining that the display condition is satisfied. The processor obtains, via a network at a timing represented by information that is stored in association with the data, update information to update the at least one of the data and the display condition stored in the memory. The update information obtained via the network includes information indicative of a next update time. The processor obtains, based on the next update time, next update information via the network.
Image processing device, image processing method, and image forming apparatus for overwriting a setting
An image processing device includes a memory and a storage controller. The memory stores a setting of an image forming process in accordance with generation of a first image formation command or an input of a command for generating the first image formation command. The storage controller causes a first setting designated as a result of a first operation to be overwritten and stored over a second setting designated as a result of a second operation and corresponding to a second image formation command. The first setting and the second setting are included in the stored setting.
Image processing system and storage medium
In an image processing system, a multifunction printer carries out image reading or printing in accordance with processing execution condition information stored in a storage apparatus of a host PC. A storage apparatus of a client PC stores processing execution condition information. In a case where the client PC is connected to the host PC via the network, a control apparatus transmits the processing execution condition information stored in the storage apparatus to the host PC. The host PC stores the received processing execution condition information in the storage apparatus.
Configuration of shared trunk groups in an IP telephony network
System and methods are disclosed for configuring the sharing of resource pools and individual resources in the resource groups among enterprise communication systems. In certain embodiments, the resource pools are trunk groups and the individual resources that comprise the trunk groups are communication resources. Digital PBXs components associated with different enterprise communication systems are registered and assigned shared use of a trunk group. Communication services are provided to the digital PBXs using the channels of the shared trunk group. Each enterprise may reserve channels within the trunk group for exclusive use by the enterprise, while sharing use of other channels in the trunk group. Each enterprise can be guaranteed a minimum calling capacity while providing improved resource utilization due to fewer idle communication channels.
Voice gateway-based communication method
Provided is a voice gateway-based communication method applied to a voice gateway and a mobile terminal which are in communication. The voice gateway includes at least two communication links and is capable of establishing communication between the communication links and an external communication network, and the at least two communication links correspond to different communication numbers. The mobile terminal can communicate with outside through the voice gateway, and one mobile terminal can use a plurality of different communication links on the voice gateway to complete voice or data service communication. The communication selection of the mobile terminal is expanded to a greater extent by the voice gateway, which increases the selections of the mobile terminal during communication. That is to say, one mobile terminal can use more numbers to carry out voice communication or data service communication, which satisfies the subscriber's requirement for using a plurality of different numbers.
Directing care calls using historical call backs, demographics and real time attributes
A system for directing calls using historical call backs, demographics, and real time attributes is disclosed. In particular, the system may receive incoming calls at an interactive voice response system. Based on speech occurring during the calls, the system may determine attributes of the callers. The system may then utilize the determined attributes, call records, demographic information pertaining to account owners, real time call attribute assessment systems, regression analyses, and various types of information to direct the calls from the interactive voice response system to an optimal agent for handling. Notably, the system may direct the calls to those agents that have a higher probability of successful interaction with the calling parties so as to reduce follow-up calls, which may be costly to the entity receiving the calls. A subset of the calls may be directed to agents at random so as to facilitate the collection of unbiased information.
Remote distance assistance system and method
Techniques for conducting a support session and determine suitable instructions for resolving a certain technical mal-function in a device/equipment of a user. Imagery data associated the technical mal-function is received from a user's device and used for determining at least one improperly setup property associated with the mal-function in the mal-functioning device/equipment based on a comparison of the received imagery data with reference data. Instructions comprising augmented imagery for resolving the mal-function can be then generated, or fetched form a database, based on the determined at least one improperly setup property. A new database record can be generated comprising the augmented imagery data for use in future support sessions associated with the mal-function.
Method and apparatus to promote adoption of an automated communication channel
A method, non-transitory computer-readable storage device, and apparatus for promoting adoption of an automated communication channel. For example, the method collects data from a plurality of communication channels related to a plurality of touchpoints, determines at least one journey from the plurality of touchpoints, determines a current state of a user for the at least one journey, determines that a next touchpoint for the at least one journey leads to a human interaction from the current state, and interacts with an endpoint device of the user via an automated communication channel.
AC/DC phone line detector
An example AC/DC phone line detection system may include one or more of an electronic circuit that is floating with reference to ground, a first A/D converter coupled to the electronic circuit and configured to detect ringing voltages from DC voltages included in a telephone line, a second A/D converter coupled to the electronic circuit and configured to detect caller identification information from AC voltages included in the telephone line, and a processor configured to control signals detected by the first and second A/D convertors and output information about the signals to call taking equipment.
Apparatus and method for vehicle safety for hands free SMS capability in a moving vehicle
A vehicle safety function is installed and operative in the vehicle electronics. The vehicle function is implemented via a texting-safety logic inside the vehicle electronics. The texting-safety logic when the vehicle exceeds a threshold speed outputs an RF signal with a texting-safety code. The texting-safety code is picked up by a smart phone in the vehicle to alert the driver about the danger of texting and/or disable the texting feature in the phone while the vehicle is being driven.
Apparatus and method for providing transitions between screens
An apparatus, method, and computer program product are described that determine a destination screen for display and provide for a visual transition between an origin screen and the destination screen based on a position of a user input and a direction of the movement component of the input. The origin screen may, for example, associate certain areas of the screen with certain destination screens, such that an input received in one area invokes one destination screen and an input received in another area invokes another destination screen. The destination screen may also be determined based on the direction of the movement component of the input. Thus, one of several destination screens may be accessible to the user and may be determined based on the characteristics of the input received.
Method and apparatus for controlling smart mobile device
A method and an apparatus for controlling a smart mobile device are disclosed. The method for controlling a smart mobile device includes: determining, when enabling a control of the smart mobile device by using body induction, a standing wave ratio (SWR) of the smart mobile device on the body induction according to a detected parameter of a body closing to the smart mobile device; and selecting a control instruction according to the determined SWR of the smart mobile device on the body induction and a preset corresponding relationship between the SWR of the smart mobile device on the body induction and the control instruction, and controlling the smart mobile device based on the selected control instruction.
Smart way of controlling car audio system
A method, an apparatus, and a computer program product for device control are provided. The apparatus determines that a user equipment (UE) connected to the apparatus receives a call. The apparatus determines a location of the UE. The apparatus adjusts a volume of at least one of a plurality of speakers based on the location of the UE and locations of the plurality of speakers while the UE receives the call.
System and method for preventing cell phone use while driving
A system and method is provided for preventing cell phone use while driving. The method includes determining by a cell phone if the speed of the vehicle is greater than zero miles per hour, and, if so, transmitting a command request to a locking module wirelessly coupled to the mobile device. In response to the command request, the microcontroller generates a locking operation signal that is sent to the cell phone. Upon receipt, the cell phone locks operation of the device by a user. In this aspect, the microcontroller generates the locking operation signal to mimic a locking command from a wireless keyboard paired with the cell phone in order to circumvent any control by the operating system of the cell phone to restrict such controls by software applications.
Wireless communication system for use by teams
A helmet mounted communication system for use by teams includes a headset including any one of a speaker for projecting audio or a microphone for receiving audio, a mounting structure for mounting the headset in a helmet cavity of a helmet, and a biasing material between the headset and a cavity wall of the helmet cavity for floatably attaching the headset to the helmet in the helmet cavity.
Method for selecting network connection concentrators
A selection method for selecting network connection concentrators for a given set of M≥1 communication paths usable by a communicating device. Each respective interface of the communicating device is connected to a respective path. The method includes the following acts: a) identifying a set (P1, P2, . . . , PN) of N≥2 concentrators situated in at least one network to which the communicating device is connected, each concentrator making it possible to aggregate connections using a plurality of paths suitable for being used by the communicating device; b) obtaining the value of at least one quality of service parameter QoS(i,j) for at least one path i, where i=1, . . . , M, and for concentrators Pj reachable from the communicating device via the path i; and c) selecting at least one concentrator from the set on the basis of the quality of service values that are obtained. The method is applicable to the multipath TCP (MPTCP) protocol.
Application-driven CDN pre-caching
Techniques are provided for the caching of content prior to the content being requested. A request for desired content may be received from a client application at a caching server. The request may also indicate additional content related to the desired content that may be subsequently requested by the client application. The indicated additional content (and the desired content, if not already cached) is retrieved from an origin server. The desired content is transmitted to the client application at the user device, and the additional content is cached at the caching server. Subsequently, a second request may be received from the client application that includes a request for the additional content. The additional content, which is now cached at the caching server, is served to the client application by the caching server in response to the second request (rather than being retrieved from the origin server).
System and method for providing context-based third-party content
Systems and methods of the present disclosure can provide an improved user experience on client devices selecting to receive context-based third-party content by reducing the number of third-party content items presented for display on such client devices. A data processing system can be configured to employ an auction mechanism with selection criterion thresholds (such as minimum bid values) that result, when used in auctions, in enforcing a limit on the amount of third-party content presented for display on client devices that have selected to receive context-based third-party content. The selection criterion thresholds can result, when used in auctions, in enforcing minimum revenues for publishers. The selection criterion thresholds can be determined offline based on historical statistical parameters.
Changing rebuild priority for a class of data
A computing device includes an interface configured to interface and communicate with a dispersed storage network (DSN), a memory that stores operational instructions, and a processing module operably coupled to the interface and memory that is configured to perform various operations based on operational instructions. The computing device receives name range information and priority level information to handle data objects associated with the name range information and identifies object names associated with a name range. The computing device identifies EDS name ranges that respectively correspond to the object names. The computing device updates an EDS priority table to associate EDS name range(s) with the priority level information. The computing device receives a request associated with an EDS name range and accesses the EDS priority table to identify a priority level associated therewith. The computing device then processes the request based on the priority level associated with the EDS name range.
Method and device for exchanging data with a storage device of an aircraft
A method for exchanging data between a storage system on the ground-based and an onboard storage system of an aircraft is provided. The method includes a first step for synchronization of a set of data contained in the ground-based storage system with a corresponding set of data of a storage memory of a data exchange device, through a communications network, a step for coupling the data exchange device to a local internal network of the aircraft connected to the storage system, and then a second step for synchronization of the set of data of the storage memory with a corresponding set of data of the onboard storage system, through the local internal network.
Data management system, information management apparatus, and non-transitory computer readable medium
A data management system includes an information management apparatus including an acquisition unit, a first transmission unit, and a second transmission unit, and an information processing apparatus including a first reception unit and a second reception unit. The acquisition unit acquires target-user identification information and data made available to a target user. If data-group identification information has not been transmitted to the information processing apparatus of the target user, the first transmission unit transmits the data-group identification information to the information processing apparatus. If the first transmission unit has transmitted the data-group identification information to the information processing apparatus of the target user, the second transmission unit transmits a data provision notification to the information processing apparatus. The first reception unit receives the data-group identification information from the information management apparatus. The second reception unit receives the data provision notification from the information management apparatus.
On-demand delivery of applications to virtual desktops
A service provider system may include an application fulfillment platform that delivers desktop applications on demand to desktops on physical computing devices or virtual desktop instances. The applications may be selected for delivery from a catalog of applications, and may be required to be installed on the destination computing resource instance, or may be assigned to a customer's end user on whose behalf the resource instance was provisioned. A workflow for deploying a selected application may invoke services implemented on the platform. The desktop application may be delivered as a virtualized application package that is subsequently executed by a runtime engine installed on the end user's resource instance, without installing the selected application itself on the computing resource instance. A customer's IT administrators may create and populate the catalog, add customer-generated or customer-licensed applications, assign applications to users, apply constraints on application use, and monitor application usage.
Communication device, information processing device, program, and reader/writer providing system
A communication device is provided. The communication device includes an IC chip configured to read out information stored in an external device; and a communication unit configured to download an agent via a network, wherein the agent includes an application software configured to operate the IC chip as a reader, and wherein a role is provided as data associated with the application software in which at least part of a processing of the reader is performed by the agent, and wherein the communication device is configured to read out the information from the external device and to perform a predetermined processing based on the information.
Virtual resource locator
Directing a content player to a content source is disclosed. A message from a content management system including information associated with a client that is currently requesting content is received. Based at least in part on the information included in the message, a set of content sources is determined. Instructions indicating the set of content sources for the client are sent to the content management system.
Method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving data
A method and apparatus for transmitting/receiving multimedia data in the form of divided data segments. The data transmission method of the present disclosure includes detecting a multimedia data transmission request, segmenting multimedia data into data segments according to a predetermined condition in response to the multimedia data transmission request, and transmitting the data segments selectively or as a whole. By detecting of a gesture on or above a preview image, a plurality of segments can be displayed. In the case of hovering (proximity input) as the detected signal strength changes quantity with a distance of the proximity input, the quantity of preview images displayed may increase or decrease. In an embodiment, the gesture to view more segments may be a pinch-to-zoom gesture. The electronic device is constructed for operation of the methods disclosed herein.
Managing content on an ISP cache
One embodiment of the present invention sets forth a method for updating content stored in a cache residing at an internet service provider (ISP) location that includes receiving popularity data associated with a first plurality of content assets, where the popularity data indicate the popularity of each content asset in the first plurality of content assets across a user base that spans multiple geographic regions, generating a manifest that includes a second plurality of content assets based on the popularity data and a geographic location associated with the cache, where each content asset included in the manifest is determined to be popular among users proximate to the geographic location or users with preferences similar to users proximate to the geographic location, and transmitting the manifest to the cache, where the cache is configured to update one or more content assets stored in the cache based on the manifest.
Method and broadcast multicast service center, BM-SC, node for providing an on-request service
The present disclosure relates to a method 100 performed in a broadcast multicast service center, BM-SC, node 10 for providing an on-request service to an end-user device 5. The method 100 comprises obtaining 101, from a content delivery node 4, the size of a file of the on-request service; determining (102), based on the obtained file size, one or more parameters related to encoding of the file, thereby establishing a virtual partitioning of the file into a number Z of source blocks; downloading 103, from the content delivery node 4, a source block of the file according to the determined one or more parameters; encoding 104 the source block of the file into encoding symbols according to the determined one or more parameters; and providing 105 the encoding symbols for delivery to the end-user device 5. The disclosure also relates to a BM-SC node 10, computer programs and computer program products.
Wideband ranging in cellular using unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band
Methods, systems, and devices are described for utilization of an unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band for performing a ranging procedure. Performance of the ranging procedure may be triggered by a signal transmitted in a licensed radio frequency spectrum band. While conventional ranging in Long Term Evolution (LTE) communications, for example, using the licensed radio frequency spectrum band may be limited to a 10 MHz bandwidth, using the unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band for ranging may allow use of a wider bandwidth, such as 100 MHz or greater. Use of the wider bandwidth may result in more accurate ranging measurements (e.g., time-of-arrival estimation).
Information processing apparatus
A streaming data acquisition section acquires streaming data distributed from a server and including an application image, and a streaming data reproduction section reproduces the streaming data. A command input acceptance section accepts a command input to an application inputted by a user. A command transmission section transmits the inputted command. The command is provided to an information processing apparatus of a distributor of the streaming data and is reflected on processing of the application being executed in the information processing apparatus.
Lawful interception and security based admission control for proximity service
There are provided measures for lawful interception and security based admission control for proximity service. Such measures could include detecting a requirement for control in relation to setting up or securing a connection of a proximity service between at least two devices, determining availability of at least one lawful interception and security agent capable of performing an operation relating to lawful interception and/or security in relation to the connection of the proximity service, and performing control in relation to setting up or securing the connection of the proximity service when availability of the at least one lawful interception and security agent is determined.
Selectively enabling and disabling biometric authentication based on mobile device state information
Methods, systems, and computer-readable media for selectively enabling and disabling biometric authentication are presented. In some embodiments, a computing platform may receive, from a device monitoring and management computer system, a device state indicator message comprising device state information associated with a mobile computing device. Subsequently, the computing platform may set a biometric authentication flag for the mobile computing device based on the device state indicator message received from the device monitoring and management computer system. Then, the computing platform may generate an authentication functionality message for the mobile computing device based on the biometric authentication flag set for the mobile computing device, and the authentication functionality message may be configured to selectively enable or disable one or more biometric authentication functions provided by the mobile computing device. Thereafter, the computing platform may send, to the mobile computing device, the authentication functionality message generated for the mobile computing device.
Method of managing system utilities access control
An access control system includes a memory, a processor, a host operating system (OS) executing on the processor, a container on the host OS, and a security manager running on the host OS. The container has a set of access control rules and includes a containerized utility. The security manager receives a request to run the utility to complete a transaction, retrieves credentials associated with the user, and determines a status of the credentials. The status of the credentials is privileged if the credentials are included in the set of access control rules and is non-privileged if the credentials are not included in the access control rules. Responsive to determining the status as privileged, the security manager executes an RBD command for the transaction to obtain a target RBD image, retrieves the target RBD image, and records the transaction.
Systems and methods for utilizing uni-directional inter-host communication in an air gap environment
A request message is generated with a trusted network entity executing trusted code on a first network layer. The request message to target a non-trusted network entity executing non-trusted code on a second network layer. The request message is transmitted from the trusted network entity to the non-trusted network entity through at least a policy enforcement entity. The policy enforcement entity applies one or more network traffic rules to enforce a unidirectional flow of traffic from the first network layer to the second network layer. A response check message is generated with the trusted network entity. The response check message to determine whether response information is available on the non-trusted network entity in response to the request message. The response check message is transmitted from the trusted network entity to the non-trusted network entity through at least the policy enforcement entity. The response check message to determine whether the response information is stored in a conceptual mailbox on the non-trusted network entity.
Probabilistic tracking of host characteristics
A system for mitigating network attacks includes a protected network and one or more attack mitigation devices communicatively coupled to the protected network. The attack mitigation devices are configured to receive a request from a host having an IP address and determine whether the IP address is included in a first probabilistic data structure representing addresses of hosts having failed to authenticate using a first authentication procedure. The attack mitigation devices are also configured to perform the first authentication procedure, responsive to a determination that the IP address of the host is not included in the first data structure. The attack mitigation devices are yet further configured to allow the host to access the protected network, responsive to successful completion of the first authentication procedure and to update the first data structure to include the IP address of the host, responsive to unsuccessful completion of the first authentication procedure.
System and method for blocking elements of application interface
A method, system and computer program product for blocking access to restricted elements of application interface and covering the restricted elements by trusted interface elements. The system includes an analyzer module, a database of restricted elements and a blocking module. The analyzer module is configured to detect interface elements of an active application rendered on a computer or a mobile device. The analyzer module determines if an application interface element is restricted by comparing the application interface element against the known restricted interface elements from the database. If the restricted element is detected, the analyzer module sends the data about the restricted element to the blocking module. The blocking module covers the restricted interface element by a trusted interface element or by an image.
Method, device and storage medium for determining health state of information system
The present disclosure relates to a method, a device and a storage medium for determining a health state of an information system. At first, a baseline configuration document corresponding to the information system is received, and data records under inspection of the information system are acquired. The baseline configuration document defines baselines. Then, each of the data records under inspection is compared with at least one baseline defined in the baseline configuration document to obtain a comparing result between each of the data records under inspection and the at least one baseline. At last, the health state of the information system is determined according to the comparing result between each of the data records under inspection and the at least one baseline. A health-determining apparatus relative to the above-mentioned method is also provided. Therefore, by these method and apparatus, the health state of the information system is quantifiable.
Cold start mechanism to prevent compromise of automatic anomaly detection systems
In one embodiment, a device in a network analyzes data indicative of a behavior of a network using a supervised anomaly detection model. The device determines whether the supervised anomaly detection model detected an anomaly in the network from the analyzed data. The device trains an unsupervised anomaly detection model, based on a determination that no anomalies were detected by the supervised anomaly detection model.
Distributed vetronics intrustion detection system and device
A computing device may include a non-transitory computer-readable medium and a processor communicatively coupled to the non-transitory computer-readable medium. The processor may be configured to receive, from a vetronics computing device including a processor, data associated with messages received by the vetronics computing device, the messages having been determined to include aberrant data. Based at least on the received data, the processor may be configured to determine an occurrence of a cyber security threat. The processor may be configured to output cyber security threat data associated with the determined occurrence of the cyber security threat.
Prioritizing the scanning of messages using the reputation of the message destinations
Methods, computer program products, computer systems, and the like, which protect messages in an electronic messaging system, are disclosed. The methods, computer program products, computer systems, and the like include detecting an occurrence of an event, and, in response to the detecting the occurrence of the event, scanning a message. The occurrence of the event indicates that the message should be scanned. The message includes recipient information, which identifies a recipient of the message, and is stored in a message store. The message has been received at a message destination associated with the recipient. The scanning uses a malware definition. The scanning is performed prior to the message being retrieved from the message store in response to a request by the recipient to retrieve the message from the message store. The event is other than the request by the recipient to retrieve the message from the message store.
Software tampering detection and reporting process
A method is disclosed. The method includes determining, by a security software application on a communication device, that the communication device has been accessed by an unauthorized user. The communication device is configured to communicate with a telecommunications network over the air through a first communication channel. The method also includes generating, by the communication device, security notification data and providing the security notification data or a derivative of the security notification data to a host computer via a second communication channel.
System, method, and computer program product for performing one or more maintenance tasks on a remotely located computer connected to a server computer via a data network
A method and computer executable program code are disclosed for performing one or more maintenance tasks on a remotely located computer connected to a server computer via a data network.
Non-transitory computer readable medium storing a program causing a computer to permit a guest user to have utilization authority using a directory, and apparatus management system permitting a guest user to have utilization authority using a directory
A non-transitory computer readable medium storing a program causing a computer to execute a process: the process comprising: performing a first utilization permission process for an authorized user; and performing a second utilization permission process for a guest user, the second utilization permission process comprising: acquiring user identification information input by the guest user; inquiring, of a directory service that retains information of a member of an organization, whether the user identification information acquired by the acquiring is registered; and permitting the guest user who inputs the user identification information to use the system within a range of a utilization authority, which is different between a case where a response indicating that the user identification information is registered is received and a case where a response indicating that the user identification information is not registered is received, in response to the inquiry.
Descendent case role alias
Case management systems and techniques are disclosed. In various embodiments, a definition is received that associates a descendant case role alias with a first case node at a first hierarchical level of a hierarchical data model, the definition further associating a permission with the descendant case role alias and referencing a referenced case role associated with a second case node at a second hierarchical level of the hierarchical data model. The definition is used to extend the permission to a user assigned to the referenced case role with respect to a case instance comprising the hierarchical data model.
Methods and nodes for handling access to a service via an untrusted non-3GPP network
Embodiments herein relate to a 3rd Generation Partnership Project, 3GPP, infrastructure node, a method in the 3GPP infrastructure node, 3GPP Access, Authorization, and Accounting, AAA server, a method in the 3GPP AAA server, a Home Subscriber Server, HSS and a method in the HSS. More particularly the embodiments herein relate to handling a UE requesting access to a service via an untrusted non-3GPP network. According to a first aspect, a method performed by a 3GPP node for handling a UE, requesting access to a service via an untrusted non-3GPP network is provided. The method comprises checking if trusted 3GPP network location information associated with the UE is available to the 3GPP node from a subscriber database or if the available trusted 3GPP network location information is obsolete. If the trusted 3GPP network location information is unavailable or obsolete, the method comprises determining to use untrusted non-3GPP network location information previously received from the 3GPP AAA server or to derive the untrusted non-3GPP network location information at the 3GPP node. Still further, the method comprises determining if the UE is allowed or barred to access the service via the untrusted non-3GPP network based on the received or derived untrusted non-3GPP network location information. The embodiments herein, relate also to corresponding methods performed in an 3GPP Access, Authorization, and Accounting, AAA server, and a Home Subscriber Server, HSS, respectively. Further, the embodiments herein relate also to corresponding 3GPP infrastructure node, 3GPP AAA server, and HSS.
Efficient common storage of partially encrypted content
Techniques and mechanisms described herein facilitate the efficient common storage of partially encrypted content. According to various embodiments, a client device to transmit a designated representation of a media content item via a communications interface may be received. The media content item may be associated with a plurality of representations including the designated representation. The media content item may be associated with first media content data and second media content data. The first media content data may be shared among the plurality of representations. The second media content data may be specific to the designated representation. The first media content data may be combined with the second media content data to create a designated partially encrypted media content portion associated with the designated representation via a processor. The designated partially encrypted media content portion may be transmitted to the client device via the communications interface.
Method for the transmission of a message by a server of an IMS multimedia IP core network, and server
A method for the transmission of a message by a server of a multimedia IP core network is disclosed. In one aspect, following the reception, by the server, of a request from a terminal to register with the core network, the registration request proposing an authentication method for the establishment of a secure tunnel between the terminal and an entity for the connection of the terminal to the core network. The transmission method may comprise identifying an access network used by the terminal for registering with the multimedia IP core network, drawing-up, according to the identified access network, a recommendation concerning the establishment or otherwise of the secure tunnel between the terminal and the connection entity for the authentication method, and inserting said recommendation into the message transmitted by the server.
Automated message security scanner detection system
An electronic messaging system includes a messaging server that identifies a recipient for an electronic message. The messaging system sends the recipient an electronic message that includes instrumented content. A web server monitors activity and determines whether interaction occurred with the instrumented content. The web server determines whether a sandbox intercepted the message based on whether interaction occurred, or did not occur, with the instrumented content within a threshold time period or with one or more activity characteristics.
A method and apparatus of a device that focuses messages is described. In an exemplary method, the device receives a first and second group of message. The device further selects a related message from the second group of messages that is related to each message in the first group. This selecting is based on an affinity group, where the affinity group includes a message address that occurs in at least one of the messages in the second group and the affinity group is determined using the message addresses contained in the first and second groups.
System for, and method of, providing the transmission, receipt and content of a reply to an electronic message
A server transmits a message from a sender to a recipient. The server receives from the recipient an attachment relating to the message route between the server and the recipient. The server transmits to the sender the message and the attachment and their encrypted digital fingerprints and expunges the transmitted information. To subsequently authenticate the message and the attachment, the sender transmits to the server what the server has previously transmitted to the sender. The server then prepares a digital fingerprint of the message and decrypts the encrypted digital fingerprint of the message and compares these digital fingerprints. to authenticate the message. The server performs the same routine with the attachment and the encrypted digital fingerprint of the attachment to authenticate the attachment the recipient replies to the sender's message through the server. The server records proof of the delivery and content of the reply to the sender and the recipient.
Reallocating users in content sharing environments
Systems, methods, and computer-readable media are provided for dividing and merging online content sharing environments such as, for example, online chat rooms. An online content sharing environment may have a group of user profiles associated therewith, some subgroup of which may be exchanging message content within the online content sharing environment at any given time. If an amount of message data traffic being exchanged and/or a number of user profiles exchanging messages exceeds a corresponding threshold value, the online content sharing environment may be divided into two or more sub-environments. Respective sub-groups of user profiles may then be identified based on association criteria and associated with the various sub-environments. Conversely, multiple online content sharing environments may be merged into a single content sharing environment if a combined amount of message content being exchanged and/or a combined number of user profiles exchanging messages meets or falls below a corresponding threshold value.
Virtual quantized congestion notification
Congestion management for data traffic in a virtual domain identifies a congestion source and sends a message to the source to adjust data traffic rates. The source may be a virtual machine hosted by a physical server with one or more virtual servers incorporated. A congestion manager may identify the source and send the message to the source without affecting other data sources hosted by the physical server or the virtual servers. In some embodiments, information about the congestion source may be encapsulated in a packet payload readable only by the congestion source so only the congestion source receives the instruction to adjust the transmission rate.
Redundant transmission of data frames in communication networks having a ring topology
A method for redundant transmission of data telegrams between automation devices of an installation by a communication network requires a ring topology. A sending device sends out two data telegrams in different transmission directions of the communication network and a receiving device processes the data telegram arriving at the receiving device first and discards the other data telegram as a duplicate. To ensure fast transmission of data telegrams having important content, the sending automation device assigns a priority level and data telegrams having a high priority level are sent according to a first communication protocol and data telegrams having a low priority level are sent according to a different second communication protocol. A network component arranged between the sending device and the receiving device receives the data telegram, recognizes the priority level based on the communication protocol used, and forwards the data telegram taking into consideration the priority level.
Methods for managing progressive image delivery and devices thereof
A method, non-transitory computer readable medium and an application management computing device that assists with progressive image delivery includes obtaining one or more webpages requested by a client computing device. One or more images are identified in the obtained one or more webpages. The identified one or more images are prioritized based on a position of each of the identified one or more images in the obtained one or more webpages. The prioritized one or more images are progressively delivered to the requesting client computing device. By progressively delivering images over multiple passes, the technology is able to quickly convert the low quality images initially provided to high quality images. Additionally, by converting the low quality images to high quality images over multiple passes, the technology utilizes very less bandwidth thereby providing the requested content to the requesting one of the plurality of client computing devices quickly.
Method and system for transferring a message
Method and system for transferring a message, comprising routing information relating to the intended recipient of the message and content information, from a first node via a second node to a third node in a communications network. According to the invention, a repository is associated with the second node. The method comprises the steps of: transmitting the message from the first node to the second node; storing data representative of the content information in the repository of the second node; replacing, by the second node, in the message, the content information by a token; transmitting the message, comprising the routing information and the token, from the second node to the third node; retrieving, by the third node, the content information from the second node; and replacing by the third node, in the message, the token by the content information.
Signal characteristic information for networks
A device may cause an optical signal to be transmitted via a network path. The device may receive, from a network device, a link layer discover protocol (LLDP) message. The LLDP message may include signal characteristic information regarding the optical signal. The device may adjust transmission of the optical signal based on receiving the LLDP message. The device may cause an adjusted optical signal to be transmitted via the network path based on adjusting transmission of the optical signal.
Optimizing information related to a route and/or a next hop for multicast traffic
A first device may receive information that identifies a second device. The second device may be connected to the first device or a third device. The second device may be a source of traffic to be received by the first device. The first device may determine whether the second device is local or remote to the first device based on receiving the information. The first device may store first information or second information based on determining whether the second device is local or remote. The first information may identify a route associated with the second device. The second information may identify a single route associated with multiple second devices. The first device may provide the traffic using the first information or the second information after storing the first information or the second information.
Tracing network packets through logical and physical networks
Some embodiments provide a method for a first network controller that manages a set of logical forwarding elements implemented in several managed forwarding elements. The method receives a request to trace a specified packet having a particular source on a logical forwarding element. The method generates the packet according to the packet specification. The generated packet includes an indicator that the packet is for a trace operation. The method sends the packet to a second network controller that manages a managed forwarding element associated with the particular source. The method receives a first set of messages regarding operations performed on the packet from a set of network controllers that receives a second set of messages regarding operations performed on the packet from a set of managed forwarding elements that process the packet.
Centralized, scalable, resource monitoring system
A method, apparatus, and computer program product are disclosed to provide host-independent resource monitoring for distributed networks. The method includes determining, from a set of jobs, one or more jobs to execute that monitor the status of resources within a distributed network. The method determines one or more environments in which to run the one or more jobs, and instantiates the one or more jobs with one or more environment variables for the determined one or more environments such that the one or more jobs are configured for operation in the determined one or more environments. The method accordingly displays, using a graphical user interface, a job environment matrix including a list of the set of jobs in conjunction with a running status of each of the jobs in each of one or more environments. A corresponding apparatus and computer program product are also provided.
Metering software infrastructure in a cloud computing environment
A system and method include determining, by a processing device, a first quantity associated with usage of a hardware resource on which a virtual machine is instantiated in a cloud, determining, by the processing device from the virtual machine, a second quantity associated with usage of a software resource utilized on the virtual machine, and determining usage of the cloud in view of the first quantity and the second quantity.
Various embodiments associated an inter-network policy that is implemented for use across multiple networks are described. Individual networks can have individual policies that govern how communications are handled, how resources are allocated, and other metrics. When individual networks work together, these networks can experience problems if their individual policies conflict with one another. Therefore, the inter-network policy can be generated that facilitates the individual networks working together.
Discovery of device capabilities
Technology is described for sharing device capabilities between a plurality of Internet of Things (IoT) devices. A first IoT device within a localized network may identify a desired device capability that is capable of augmenting device capabilities of the first IoT device. The first IoT device may identify a second IoT device within the localized network that possesses the desired device capability. The first IoT device may identify the second IoT device using a registry of device capabilities stored in the localized network. The first IoT device may obtain access to the desired device capability of the second IoT device to augment the device capabilities of the first IoT device.
Override subsystems for rapid recovery from serial-link errors
An override subsystem on the host side of a serial data link between the host and a peripheral detects and diagnoses link errors by comparing the states of the port's link-layer component and physical layer. An override controller accesses a data-store containing stored policies for responding to particular errors. After selecting the appropriate policy, the override controller takes control of the physical layer, the link-layer component, or both, reconfigures them according to the policy to correct the errors, and returns control of the physical layer to the host controller and link-layer component. As well as error recovery, the override subsystem may be used by applications or drivers to asynchronously manage power consumed by the link.
High performance receiver with single calibration voltage
An apparatus is described that includes a receiver. The receive includes a data sampler, a positive error sampler and a negative error sampler each having respective inputs coupled to a same differential channel. The receiver also includes circuitry to drive the respective inputs, the circuitry to place a same calibration voltage on the differential channel to calibrate each of the data sampler, positive error sampler and negative error sampler with the same calibration voltage.
Channel estimation method and apparatus in wireless communication system
The present disclosure relates to a 5G or a pre-5G communication system to be provided in order to support a higher data transmission rate than a beyond 4G communication system such as LTE. A method for estimating a channel, by a terminal, in a wireless communication system supporting beamforming using a plurality of antenna elements, which embodiments of the present disclosure provide, comprises: a step of receiving, from a base station, a set of reference beams including a plurality of reference beams; a step of selecting at least one effective beam from the plurality of reference beams included in the set of reference beams; a step of estimating a channel between the base station and the terminal on the basis of the selected effective beam; a step of generating channel information regarding the estimated channel; and a step of transmitting the generated channel information to the base station.
Method and apparatus for configuring and recommending device action using user context
A method of controlling another device by a gateway device is provided. The method includes recording, if user operation information for an operation of a device is received from an user device, device state information received from a device group during a recording period, determining device state information recorded a predetermined number of times for a predetermined time period as common device state information, and generating, if device state information received from the device group matches the common device state information, a request for executing the operation corresponding to the user operation information to the device.
Cloud-based code signing service—hybrid model to avoid large file uploads
Techniques are disclosed for reducing the amount of data associated with code signing files in a cloud-based computing environment. In one embodiment, a cloud-based code signing component receives a request to sign a current version of a file. The request includes differences between the current version of the file and a previous version of the file. The cloud-based code signing component reconstructs the current version of the file based on the differences between the current version of the file and the previous version of the file. The cloud-based code signing component signs the reconstructed file, and determines differences between the signed file and the reconstructed file. The cloud-based code signing component transfers the differences between the signed file and the reconstructed file to a user.
Encryption using biometric image-based key
Methods and systems according to the present disclosure improve upon known biometric security systems by not permanently storing (e.g., for later comparison as in known systems) the actual image of the biometric characteristic. Instead, an image of a biometric identifier (e.g., retina, fingerprint, etc.) may be used to form a key which may be used to secure and provide access to data. The key may be formed, in embodiments, using a neural network and/or a random input (e.g., a vector of random characters), for example. The image of the biometric identifier may be discarded, and thus may not be vulnerable to theft. In an embodiment, the key may be used in a key-based encryption system.
Protected encryption key recovery
A system and method for supporting encryption key retrieval. A first digital key is created. A first protected key is created by applying a first protection algorithm based on a first user provided password to the first digital key. A first unlock key is created that is separate from the first digital key. A second protected key is created by applying a second protection algorithm based on the first unlock key to the first digital key. The first protected key and the second protected key are stored. The first unlock key is sent to a remote storage and no copy of the unlock key is retained after the sending the first unlock key.
Cryptographic protection of I/O data for DMA capable I/O controllers
Technologies for cryptographic protection of I/O data include a computing device with one or more I/O controllers. Each I/O controller may generate a direct memory access (DMA) transaction that includes a channel identifier that is indicative of the I/O controller and that is indicative of an I/O device coupled to the I/O controller. The computing device intercepts the DMA transaction and determines whether to protect the DMA transaction as a function of the channel identifier. If so, the computing device performs a cryptographic operation using an encryption key associated with the channel identifier. The computing device may include a cryptographic engine that intercepts the DMA transaction and determines whether to protect the DMA transaction by determining whether the channel identifier matches an entry in a channel identifier table of the cryptographic engine. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Minimizing information leakage during modular exponentiation and elliptic curve point multiplication
Minimizing information leakage during modular exponentiation using random masks is disclosed Minimizing information leakage during elliptic curve point multiplication is disclosed with windowing by using point randomization is disclosed. Elliptic curve point multiplication with windowing calculates and stores multiple points based on the point being multiplied and then processes multiple bits of the multiplier at a time is also disclosed.
Pilot configuration method and apparatus
Disclosed are a pilot configuration method and an apparatus. The method includes: before allocating a pilot to a first user, determining, by a base station, interference between the first user and a second user if the base station allocates a pilot of the second user to the first user; if the interference between the first user and the second user is less than a preset threshold, the pilot allocated by the base station to the first user is the same as a pilot used by the second user; or if the interference between the first user and the second user is greater than or equal to the preset threshold, the pilot allocated by the base station to the first user is different from the pilot used by the second user.
Non-orthogonal multiple access between a unicast signal and a single-cell point-to-multipoint signal
The present disclosure provides NOMA between a unicast PDSCH signal and a SC-PTM signal. The apparatus receives, at a first UE, a combined signal including a first data transmission and a second data transmission. The apparatus also determines at the first UE, a first set of symbols for the first data transmission intended for the first UE. The apparatus further determines at the first UE, a second set of symbols for the second data transmission intended for a second UE. In an aspect, the first data transmission and the second data transmission include at least one overlapping resource element. In another aspect, the first set of symbols and the second set of symbols differ by at least one symbol. The apparatus also decodes, at the first UE, the first data transmission, based at least in part on the determined first set of symbols and the determined second set of symbols.
Method for uplink control channel resource allocation of terminal and apparatus thereof
Provided are a method and an apparatus for PUCCH resource allocation for an uplink HARQ ACK/NACK feedback of a machine-type communication (MTC) terminal in a 3GPP LTE/LTE-Advanced system.
Apparatus and method for channel quality information feedback in wireless communication system using frequency quadrature amplitude modulation
A method of operating a base station in a wireless communication system supporting frequency and quadrature-amplitude modulation (FQAM) is provided. The method includes receiving channel quality information and non-Gaussian information for a data region from a mobile station, and determining a MCS level on the basis of the channel quality information and the non-Gaussian information.
Apparatus and method for generating and using a pilot signal
A method and apparatus is for generating a modulation signal that comprises a resource block. A resource element sequence, Mnp, of M pilot symbols is determined that corresponds to an nth of N subcarriers. A pilot frequency domain sample sequence, rnp, corresponding to the resource element sequence Mnp comprises a quantity, RnNZ, of non-zero magnitude pilot frequency domain samples. RnNZ is determined based on M and an excess bandwidth, α, of an adjacent subcarrier filter. The resource element sequence Mnp, which has no inter-subcarrier interference, is multiplexed with N−1 resource element sequences to form the resource block. The modulation signal is generated by modulating each subcarrier of the N subcarriers with a corresponding resource element sequence of the N resource element sequences and filtering each of the modulated subcarriers using a subcarrier filter. The resource element sequence Mnp is used during receiving for efficiently determining a channel estimate.
Framer and framing method
A framer in a transmission device that allocates time slots of an optical channel to a logical path, divides client signals received via the logical path to the time slots allocated to the logical path, and transmits the client signals by a plurality of optical subcarriers using optical wavelengths correlated with the time slots includes: a time slot allocating unit configured to perform a process of reducing a transmission band of the logical path when some of the optical wavelengths are unavailable and changing the time slots allocated to the logical path depending on the reduced transmission band to avoid using the time slots corresponding to the unavailable optical wavelengths.
Configuration sub-system for telecommunication systems
Certain aspects are directed to a configuration sub-system for telecommunication systems. The configuration sub-system can include a test signal generator, a power measurement device, at least one additional power measurement device, and a controller. The test signal generator can be integrated into components of a telecommunication system. The test signal generator can provide a test signal to a signal path of the telecommunication system. The power measurement device and the additional power measurement device can respectively be integrated into different components of the telecommunication system. The power measurement device and the additional power measurement device can respectively measure the power of the test signal at different measurement points in the signal path. The controller can normalize signals transmitted via the telecommunication system by adjusting a path gain for the signal path based on measurements from the power measurement device and the additional power measurement device.
Method and apparatus for optical wireless architecture
Embodiments of the present invention pertain to optical wireless architecture. More particularly, certain embodiments of the invention pertain to a novel method and apparatus to generate millimeter-wave signals with simple and/or low cost architecture. Simple millimeter-wave generation and dispersion-tolerant transmission is based on photonic mixing of two free-running lightwaves and self-mixing down-conversion. More particularly, heterodyne mixing of two free run lightwaves is achieved, wherein one lightwave is modulated by an external modulator driven by electrical data as one of the side-bands of a millimeter-wave signal. Optical to electrical conversion is performed and the millimeter-wave signal is broadcasted by a high-frequency antenna to a receiving side having a local oscillator with self-mixing architecture to down-convert the radio frequency to its baseband form.
Rapid deployment indexing terminal arrangement
A fiber optic distribution terminal includes a cable spool rotatably disposed within an enclosure; an optical power splitter and a termination region carried by the cable spool; an optical cable deployable from the enclosure by rotating the cable spool by pulling on a connectorized end of the optical cable; and splitter pigtails extending between the optical power splitter and the termination region. One fiber of the optical cable extending between the connectorized end and the splitter input. The other fibers of the optical cable extend to a multi-fiber adapter.
Multi-media communication device
An LED illumination device is configured to receive coded messages by at least one of radio signals in free space, electrically conducted signals by wire, and light wave propagated signals in free space, process the coded messages, and transmit the coded messages by two or more of radio signals in free space, electrically conducted signals by wire, and light wave propagated signals in free space.
Determining encoding schemes for formatting output signals of light-based communication enabled luminaires
Techniques are disclosed for establishing communication between light-based communication (LCom) luminaires within a navigation array of luminaires and mobile computing devices having varying components and processes using an encoding scheme received from passing mobile computing devices. The encoding scheme is a set of rules for encoding and generating a visible-light communication (VLC) signal so that the mobile computing device may recognize VLC signals broadcast by the luminaire. In accordance with some embodiments, the disclosed techniques can be used, for example, to accommodate future computing devices that may incorporate different camera technologies and different processing algorithms to process waveforms in the VLC signals.
Device, vehicle, mobile communication system, method and computer program for a mobile base station transceiver
A device for a mobile base station transceiver, a vehicle, a mobile communication system, a method and a computer program for a device. The device for a mobile base station transceiver in a mobile communication system includes a transceiver module to communicate with at least one fixed base station transceiver in the covering area thereof for providing a mobile coverage area, and to communicate with at least one further mobile base station transceiver in the mobile coverage area, wherein the mobile coverage area at least partially projects beyond the coverage area of the fixed base station transceiver by an extended coverage area.
Interference cancellation repeater
An interference cancellation repeater for canceling an interference signal included in an input signal including a first adaptive filter configured to generate a first estimated signal; a second adaptive filter configured to generate a second estimated signal; a first scaler configured to scale the first estimated signal based on a first scale factor determined according to a channel state; a second scaler configured to scale the second estimated signal based on a second scale factor determined according to the channel state; a first canceller configured to generate a first interference canceled signal based on the input signal and the scaled first estimated signal; and a second canceller configured to generate a second interference canceled signal based on the first interference canceled signal and the scaled second estimated signal.
Apparatus, system and method of beamforming training
Some demonstrative embodiments include devices, systems and/or methods of wireless communication via multiple antenna assemblies. For example, a device may include a wireless communication unit to transmit and receive signals via one or more quasi-omnidirectional antenna assemblies, wherein the wireless communication unit is to transmit, via each quasi-omnidirectional antenna assembly, a plurality of first transmissions, to receive, in response to the first transmissions, a plurality of second transmissions from another device via one or more of the quasi-omnidirectional antenna assemblies, and, based on the second transmissions, to select at least one selected transmit antenna assembly for transmitting to the other device and a selected receive antenna assembly for receiving transmissions from the other device. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Network node, user equipment and methods therein to enable the UE to determine a precoder codebook
A method performed by a base station of enabling a User Equipment, UE, to determine a precoder codebook in a wireless communication system is provided. The base station transmits (303) to the UE, information regarding precoder parameters enabling the UE to determine the precoder codebook. The precoder parameters are associated with a plurality of antenna ports of the base station. The precoder parameters relate to a first dimension and a second dimension of the precoder codebook. The plurality of antenna ports comprises a number NT of antenna ports that is a function of a number Nh of antenna ports in the first dimension, and a number Nv of antenna ports in the second dimension.
Sounding and steering protocols for wireless communications
Systems, apparatuses, and techniques relating to wireless local area network devices are described. A described technique includes transmitting a sounding packet to wireless communication devices; receiving, in response to the sounding packet, feedback packets from the wireless communication devices, wherein the feedback packets collectively comprise beamforming feedback, the beamforming feedback being derived from received versions of the sounding packet; determining a steering matrix based on the beamforming feedback; and transmitting, within a frame, spatially steered data packets to the wireless communications devices. The spatially steered data packets can be based on the steering matrix and data streams intended respectively for the wireless communication devices. The spatially steered data packets can concurrently provide the data streams respectively within the frame to the wireless communication devices via different spatial wireless channels.
Application providing system, portable terminal devices, server device, application providing method and computer programs
An application providing system is provided. The application providing system includes a portable terminal device having an IC chip configured to perform radio communications; and a server device; the application providing system connecting the portable terminal device and the server device through a communication network, wherein the portable terminal device includes a transmitted message receiver section, an application determination section, an application transmission request generation section, and an application storage section, wherein the server device includes a transmitted message generation section, a transmitted message sender section, an application transmission request receiver section, an application storage section, and an application sender section.
System for transmitting power and data
A system for transmitting power and data, particularly including a half-wave control, includes a control unit connected to grid phases, the system having a phase-failure detection device which has bistable multivibrators, especially bistable multivibrators assigned to a respective grid phase. Each bistable multivibrator has an input for setting and an input for resetting, one of the inputs being connected to a digitizing device for digitizing the positive half-waves of a respective grid phase, the other of the inputs being connected to a digitizing device for digitizing the negative half-waves of a respective grid phase. The effective value of the output voltage of the bistable multivibrator is compared by a comparison device to a threshold value to detect a phase failure.
Apparatus for radio-frequency receiver with reduced power consumption and associated methods
An apparatus includes a radio-frequency (RF) receiver. The RF receiver includes a single-balanced passive mixer driven by the output of a low noise amplifier (LNA) and a passive filter driven by an output of the single-balanced passive mixer. The RF receiver further includes a programmable gain amplifier (PGA) having an input resistance that generates noise, where the PGA is driven by an output of the passive filter, and the noise generated by the input resistance of the PGA is suppressed.
Multi-beam outphasing transmitters
An outphasing transmitter includes a combiner, a decomposition block, first and second power amplifiers, and antennas in a phased array antenna panel. The combiner combines a plurality of beamforming signals into a composite input signal. The decomposition block decomposes the composite input signal into first and second decomposed radio frequency (RF) signals coupled to the first and second power amplifiers. Non-overlapping sub-arrays of the antennas may be uniquely associated with the first and second power amplifiers. Alternatively, groups of interleaved antenna rows may be uniquely associated with the first and second power amplifiers. Alternatively, random pluralities of the antennas may be randomly hard-wired to the first and second power amplifiers. Alternatively, pluralities of the antennas may be dynamically and selectably assigned to the first and second power amplifiers. The phased array antenna panel forms a plurality of RF beams corresponding to the plurality of RF beamforming signals.
Auto-zero algorithm for reducing measurement noise in analog-to-digital systems over a wide range of sampling rates
Sampling accuracy during sampling of analog input signals may be improved by performing an “auto-zero every sample” procedure. The ratio of input signal samples to zero input samples for the sampling time interval defined by the sampling frequency may be determined based on the sampling frequency. For sampling frequencies equal to or less than a specified frequency characteristic of the signal conditioning path of the analog input signal, the ratio may be set to unity (one). For sampling frequencies above the specified frequency, the ratio may be set to be greater than unity (one), and may be a power-of-two. A digital signal processing block may include independent digital signal processing paths for the input signal measurements and the zero input measurements. Each signal processing path may include a low-pass infinite impulse response filter, an average decimation finite impulse response filter, and a binary shifter to allow for the adjustable ratio.
Low power input buffer using flipped gate MOS
An input buffer circuit providing an interface between integrated circuits having differing power supply voltage sources. A voltage reference generator that produces dual reference voltages employing a flipped gate anti-doped transistor. A receiver is connected to receive the first reference voltage and the second reference voltage and the input voltage signal from an integrated circuit operating with a low power supply and transmitting with the first voltage range. The receiver has a first comparator, a second comparator, and a latching circuit. The first comparator compares receive the input voltage and the first reference voltage and the second comparator compares the input voltage and the second reference voltage for determining the output state of the receiver. The output of the receiver provides the data output signal from the input buffer.
Configurable hardware platform for measurement or control
Systems for monitoring or control can include reconfigurable input and output channels. Such reconfigurable channels can include as few as a single terminal and a ground pin, or such channels can include three or four terminal configuration such as for use in four-terminal resistance measurements. Channel reconfiguration can be accomplished such as using software-enabled or firmware-enabled control of channel hardware. Such channel hardware can include analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog conversion capability, including use of a digital-to-analog converter to provide field power or biasing. In an example, the interface circuit can provide a selectable impedance.
High throw-count RF switch
A high throw-count multiple-pole FET-based RF switch architecture that provides good RF performance in terms of insertion loss, return loss, isolation, linearity, and power handling. A common port RFC is coupled along a common path to multiple ports RFn. Embodiments introduce additional common RF path branch isolation switches which are controlled by state dependent logic. The branch isolation switches help to isolate the unused branch ports RFn and the unused portion of the common path from the active portion of the common path, and thereby reduce the reactive load attributable to such branches that degrades RF performance of the ports RFn “closer” to the common port RFC. The branch isolation switches can also be used to reconfigure the switch architecture for a multiplex function as well as separate switch path banks for re-configurability of purpose, tuning, or varying switch throw counts and packaging options.
Ring amplitude measurement and mitigation
An apparatus includes a voltage divider circuit including a plurality of series-connected capacitors and including an input terminal of one of the capacitors configured to receive a first voltage from a switch, and a ring node comprising the connection between at least two of the series-connected capacitors. The apparatus further includes a negative clamp circuit coupled to the ring node of the voltage divider circuit and a bias voltage node. The bias voltage node is configured to receive a bias voltage and responsive to a ring voltage on the ring node being less than the bias voltage, the negative clamp circuit is configured to clamp the ring voltage at a first threshold voltage. The apparatus also includes a peak detector circuit coupled to the ring node of the voltage divider circuit and configured to detect a peak amplitude of the ring voltage. The apparatus further includes a switch driver coupled to the peak detector circuit and configured to adjust a control signal to the switch responsive to the detected peak amplitude.
Overcurrent protection circuit
An overcurrent protection circuit that can cope even with a case where a ground fault occurs in a mask time period for overcurrent detection. The overcurrent protection circuit detects, when a switching element is on, a differential voltage value between both ends of the switching element that is caused by an electric current flowing therethrough, and turns off the switching element when the detected differential voltage value is larger than a predetermined voltage value. A detection circuit that detects respective voltage values at both ends of the switching element, and means for preventing the switching element from being turned on if either of the respective voltage values detected by the detection circuit is less than a predetermined value.
Clock duty cycle calibration and frequency multiplier circuit
A clock duty cycle calibration and frequency multiplier circuit used in a square wave frequency multiplier has a multiplexing module, which performs a phase-inversion operation on a clock signal according to a control signal; a calibration module which adjusts the duty cycle according to a control signal, and outputs a clock signal with a 50% duty cycle; a delay module, which performs a delay operation on the clock signal according to a control signal; a detection module, which compares the clock signal and outputs a feedback signal; a control module, which outputs a control signal according to the feedback signal; a frequency multiplication module, which performs a frequency multiplication operation on the clock signal. Therefore, high-precision clock signal frequency multiplication is implemented with relatively low circuit complexity and low cost.
Adaptive control of the non-overlap time of power switches
Circuitry for controlling a non-overlap time for a first switch and a second switch is described. Within a first state, the first switch is closed and the second switch is open, and within a second state, the first switch is open and the second switch is closed. The control circuitry has a first auxiliary switch and a second auxiliary switch. The control circuitry determines whether during a transition from the first state to the second state a current has flown through the serial arrangement of the first and second auxiliary switches. The control means adapts a non-overlap time between the first and second control signals for controlling a following transition from the first state to the second state, dependent on whether during said transition between the first and second states a current has flown through the serial arrangement of the first and second auxiliary switches.
Gm-C filter and multi-phase clock circuit
Described herein is a power-efficient Gm-C filter, wherein the Gm-C filter includes several operational transconductance amplifiers (OTAs). In an example, at least two of the OTAs share a common bias current. Further, output of one of the OTAs is used to bias another one of the OTAs. Also described herein is a power-efficient clock generator circuit that is configured to output non-overlapping clock signals. The clock generator circuit includes a ring oscillator circuit, which includes several inverter stages. The clock generator circuit is well-suited for controlling operation of switches.
Elastic wave apparatus
An elastic wave apparatus includes a piezoelectric substrate including a main surface and a polarization axis direction having a tilt angle with respect to the main surface, an IDT electrode provided on the main surface, and at least one line on the main surface and between an end edge of the main surface and the IDT electrode. A relationship a≤316|cos(θ)|μm is satisfied where a denotes a distance from the end edge of the main surface to the IDT electrode and b≥28 μm where a dimension of the line along a direction connecting the end edge to the IDT electrode is defined as a width, b denotes the width of the line when one line is provided, and b denotes the sum of the widths of multiple lines when the multiple lines are provided.
Reflection type phase shifter with active device tuning
A phase shifter includes first and second RF terminals, a reference potential terminal; a lumped element LC network connected to the first and second RF terminals and the reference potential terminal, and first and second active semiconductor devices connected to the lumped element LC network and to the reference potential terminal. Each of the first and second active semiconductor devices include a control terminal and first and second output terminals. The lumped element LC network presents a reactance across the first and second RF terminals that shifts the phase of an RF signal as between the first and second RF terminals. The first and second active semiconductor devices are configured to tune the phase shift of the RF signal by controlling the reactance across the first and second RF terminals.
Method and apparatus for playing content
A method for operating a user device includes playing a media content on a screen, detecting a user input for lowering a volume of the media content, and decreasing the volume of the media content in response to the user input, determining whether a user input enters a play control zone after the detection of the user input for lowering the volume, and performing a pause of the media content in response to the user input entering the play control zone. A user device includes a touch screen configured to receive a user input for controlling a volume of the media content, and a controller configured to decrease the volume of the media content in response to a user input for decreasing a volume during playing of the media content, and perform a pause of the media content when the user input enters a play control zone.
Method and system for power amplifier characterization and digital predistortion
Aspects of the disclosure provide a method and system for power amplifier characterization and digital predistortion. The method includes receiving a test signal including K samples with a sampling rate fS, generating a synthetic test signal including the test signal and a sequence of (N−1) delayed versions of the test signal, generating an under-sampled signal including M samples by sampling, at a sampling rate fS/N, an output signal of a device-under-test (DUT) with the synthetic test signal as an input of the DUT, the M samples of the under-sampled signal including N segments each including K/N samples, and generating a reconstructed signal including the M samples of the under-sampled signal.
Solder bump placement for grounding in flip chip amplifiers
Metal pillars are placed adjacent to NPN transistor arrays that are used in the power amplifier for RF power generation. By placing the metal pillars in intimate contact with the silicon substrate, the heat generated by the NPN transistor arrays flows down into the silicon substrate and out the metal pillar. The metal pillar also forms an electrical ground connection in close proximity to the NPN transistors to function as a grounding point for emitter ballast resistors, which form an optimum electrothermal configuration for a linear SiGe power amplifier.
Power amplifier module
A power amplifier module includes an amplifier that amplifies an input signal and outputs an amplified signal, a matching circuit disposed between an output terminal of the amplifier and a subsequent circuit, a choke inductor having a first end to which a power supply voltage is applied and a second end from which power supply is provided to the amplifier through the output terminal of the amplifier, and a first attenuation circuit disposed between the output terminal of the amplifier and the second end of the choke inductor and configured to attenuate a harmonic component of the amplified signal.
Frequency-compensated transconductance amplifier
The present invention provides a frequency-compensated transconductance amplifier, includes an input stage consisting of NMOS transistors M1 and M2, a first-stage active load consisting of PMOS transistors M3 and M4, a first-stage tail current source consisting of a constant current source Iss, a second-stage input transistor consisting of a PMOS transistor M5, a second-stage constant current source consisting of an NMOS transistor M6, a load capacitor consisting of a capacitor CL, and a frequency compensation network formed by sequentially connecting a gain stage GAIN, a compensating resistor Rc and a compensating capacitor Cc in series.
Low-noise amplifier, folded low-noise amplifier and amplifier circuit module
A low-noise amplifier (LNA), a folded low-noise amplifier (folded LNA) and an amplifier circuit module are provided. The LNA includes a plurality of radio frequency (RF) input stages, at least one bias transistor and at least one radio frequency (RF) output stage. The bias transistor is connected to the RF input stages to provide a DC bias source to one of the RF input stages for isolating others of the RF input stages. The RF output stage is connected in parallel with the RF input stages, which share an adjustable input inductor.
The invention relates to a testing device for testing a photovoltaic device having an electrical contact area, the testing device comprising: a support base for supporting the photovoltaic device, the support base having a support surface for receiving the photovoltaic device, a measurement device, at least one electrical wire for temporarily establishing an electrical contact between the measurement device and an electrical contact area of the photovoltaic device, the electrical wire is a flexible wire being electrically conductive and arranged to receive the photovoltaic device between the support surface and the flexible wire, at least a portion of the flexible wire abuttingly adapts along its longitudinal extension against the electrical contact area of the photovoltaic device when the photovoltaic device is received by the support surface.
Half-bridge inverter modules with advanced protection through high-side to low-side control block communication
A communication system for use in a switching module includes a low-side control block coupled to control switching of a low-side switch of the switching module. The low-side control block is further coupled to be referenced with a low-side reference system ground. A high-side control block is coupled to control switching of a high-side switch of the switching module. The high-side control block is further coupled to be referenced with a floating node of the switching module. During steady state operation, the low-side control block is coupled to send signals during each switching cycle to the high-side control block to turn the high-side switch on and off. A status update is communicated from the high-side control block to the low-side control block through a first single-wire communication link.
Modular inverter bay and control method for same for a set of electric machines with no position sensors
A modular power bay for an aircraft comprises a plurality of electric machines, a plurality of inverters, and a control member configured to assign to at least one machine one or more inverters, according to the operational requirements of the plurality of machines. The control member comprises: an observer, able to measure phase currents and phase-neutral voltages of an electrical power supply signal of the machine, an estimator, able to determine a rotor position, based on the measurements of at least one observer, means for communicating, to each of the inverters: a control instruction for each of the inverters for responding to the operational requirement of said machine, measurements of at least one observer, or of the estimated rotor position.
Determining motor position with complementary driving and detection and current injection
Methods and apparatus for determining a position of a rotor in motor, such as a three-phase motor by determining first and second ones of sectors in which a first one of the magnetic poles of the rotor may be positioned by driving phase pairs with complementary signals and examining a voltage of a floating one of the phases. Embodiments can further include driving first and second currents towards the first and second ones of the sectors and analyzing a time for each of the first and second currents to reach a threshold to identify which of the first and second ones of the sectors is aligned with the first one of the magnetic poles of the rotor.
Converter for converting a variation in energy to be recovered into a potential difference
A converter including a first transducer that can lengthen inside at least a first deformation zone and simultaneously shrink inside at least a different second deformation zone. Inner faces of second and third electromechanical transducers are secured respectively, with no degree of freedom, substantially to the first and second deformation zones of the layer of the first transducer. The third transducer differs from the second transducer by the polarization of its layer of piezoelectric material in a different direction to polarization of the layer of piezoelectric material of the second transducer and/or by existence of a separation that mechanically and electrically insulates a first electrode of the third transducer from a first electrode of the second transducer located on a same side of the layer of piezoelectric material.
Piezoelectric element drive circuit and robot
A piezoelectric element drive circuit includes a piezoelectric element array in which the N number (N is an integer of two or more) of piezoelectric elements respectively having a piezoelectric substance whose thickness is 0.05 μm to 20 μm and two electrodes interposing the piezoelectric substance therebetween are connected in series, a first generation circuit that supplies a voltage including an AC component and a DC component to the piezoelectric element array, and a second generation circuit that supplies a voltage including the DC component to the M number (M is an integer of one or more) of connection points within the (N−1) number of connection points between two adjacent piezoelectric elements in the piezoelectric element array.
Voltage converter comprising an isolated DC/DC converter circuit
The invention relates to a voltage converter comprising: an isolated DC/DC converter circuit having at least one first isolation transformer and switches whose opening and closing successions with at least one duty ratio make it possible to transmit energy through the isolated DC/DC converter by way of said first transformer; a circuit for regulating the input voltage of the isolated DC/DC converter circuit; the regulating circuit being configured to control the output voltage of the isolated DC/DC converter circuit by modifying the voltage delivered to the isolated DC/DC converter circuit, the duty ratio of the isolated DC/DC converter circuit remaining constant, and in said converter, the output of the regulating circuit is connected to a branch of the isolated DC/DC converter circuit comprising said first transformer.
Control circuit for buck-boost power converter with stable bootstrap voltage refresh
A buck-boost power converter and a control circuit for the buck-boost converter. The buck-boost power converter includes a first power switch and a second power switch coupled in series between an input port and a reference ground, and a third power switch and a fourth power switch coupled in series between an output port and the reference ground. The control circuit receives a pulse skipping control signal and a zero-crossing indication signal, and controls the second power switch and/or the third power switch to turn on when the pulse skipping control signal controls the buck-boost power converter to enter into a pulse skipping mode and the zero-crossing indication signal indicates that an output inductor current of the buck-boost power converter crosses zero.
Sensor-less buck current regulator with average current mode control
A synchronous buck converter is provided in which a replica transistor has its drain coupled to a drain of the low-side switch transistor. A current sensing amplifier drives a scaled current into the replica transistor such that the drain-to-source voltage of the replica transistor substantially equals the drain-to-source voltage of the low-side switch. The replica transistor is much smaller than the low switch transistor such that the replica transistor's on resistance is higher by a scale factor Kf as compared to the on resistance for the low-side switch transistor.
Converter digital control circuit with adaptive compensation
A control circuit for a voltage regulator includes a digital compensator having adaptive compensation to permit operation over different operating conditions. The digital compensator includes a gain parameter that is inversely proportional to the input voltage and is independent of the switching frequency. In embodiments, the voltage regulator has a crossover frequency established by at least one pole and at least one zero and the corner frequency of the converter output filter has a first fixed, predetermined relationship with respect to the switching frequency, a second fixed, predetermined relationship with respect to the crossover frequency, and a third fixed, predetermined relationship with respect to the at least one pole and at least one zero.
Provided is a signal isolator with reduced power loss. The signal isolating circuit comprises an input stage and an output circuit that is connected downstream thereof and which includes a linear regulator. The linear regulator comprises an operational amplifier and a switching regulator, wherein an input of the switching regulator is connected to an output of the operational amplifier and an output of the switching regulator is fed back to a first input of the operational amplifier. The operational amplifier regulates the switching regulator such that the switching regulator provides at its output an output measuring signal for a load that corresponds to the input measuring signal.
Rational conversion ratio converter
Various implementations described herein are directed to an integrated circuit. The integrated circuit may include a first voltage source providing a first voltage having a first polarity. The integrated circuit may include a second voltage source providing a second voltage having a second polarity that is opposite the first polarity. The integrated circuit may include a first circuit portion configured to receive the first and second voltages and provide one or more feedback voltages. The integrated circuit may include a second circuit portion configured to receive the first and second voltages along with the one or more feedback voltages and provide an output voltage that is proportional to the first voltage based on a rational conversion ratio that is derived by selection of at least one of the first and second voltages and the one or more feedback voltages.
Power factor correction device, and current sensing method and apparatus thereof
A PFC device includes at least one main switch, a converter that converts a current to be sensed in the PFC device into a voltage to be sensed, the PFC device generating a switch control signal to control the at least one main switch based on the current to be sensed, and a voltage sensor that receives the voltage to be sensed and an offset voltage, and senses the voltage to be sensed using the offset voltage to output a sense voltage. A method includes sampling the sense voltage, determining a sense value of the offset voltage based on a sampling result, and calculating the current to be sensed based on a difference between the sense voltage and the sense value.
Anti-cross-conduction time interval minimizer
A circuit for minimizing a cross-conduction time interval includes a phase node, a high-side gate drive node, a low-side gate drive node, a high-side FET coupled to the high-side gate drive node, and a low-side FET coupled to the low-side gate drive node. A high-side adjustable delay delays a transition edge of a high-side gate drive signal. A low-side adjustable delay circuit delays a transition edge of a low-side gate drive signal. A high-side delay adjustment guidance circuit provides high-side delay adjustment guidance based on a detected body-diode conduction of the low-side FET detected during a first time period. A low-side delay adjustment guidance circuit provides low-side delay adjustment guidance based on a detected body-diode conduction of the low-side FET detected during a second time period.
Flyback power converter circuit with active clamping and zero voltage switching and conversion control circuit thereof
A flyback power converter circuit includes: a transformer including a primary side winding coupled to an input power and a secondary side winding coupled to an output node, wherein the input power includes an input voltage; a primary side switch coupled to the primary side winding for controlling the input power to generate an output power on the output node through the secondary side winding, wherein the output power includes an output voltage; a clamping circuit including an auxiliary switch and an auxiliary capacitor connected in series to form an auxiliary branch which is connected with the primary side winding in parallel; and a conversion control circuit for adjusting an ON time of the auxiliary switch according to at least one of a current related signal, the input voltage, and the output voltage, such that the primary side switch is zero voltage switching when turning ON.
Rotor of an asynchronous machine
A rotor of an asynchronous machine with a cage rotor includes a laminated core formed from a plurality of partial laminated cores. The laminated core has substantially axially extending conductors arranged in slots in the laminated core. The conductors include at least two materials of different electrical conductivities, such that a material with a higher electrical conductivity surrounds a material with a lower electrical conductivity by at least 65% in a circumferential direction.
Grounding rope guide for a dynamo-electric machine
A shaft grounding apparatus including a grounding rope in electrical contact with ground, and an adjustable rope guide configured to guide the grounding rope on an electrically conductive surface of a rotating shaft of an electric machine. The adjustable rope guide includes a plurality of articulating segments configured to provide the adjustable rope guide with a variable radius of curvature to closely follow a radius of curvature of the rotating shaft.
Brush assembly with brush card mount with brush holders having base and main portion pieces
An electric motor is provided including: a stator, an armature rotatably received within the stator and having an armature shaft on which a commutator is mounted, and a brush assembly. The brush assembly defines a first surface facing the stator and a second surface opposite the first surface. The brush assembly includes a brush card mount having openings, brushes in sliding contact with the commutator to supply electric current to the commutator, and thermally-conductive brush holders that house the brushes. Each of the brush holders includes a base portion disposed substantially along a same plane as a surface of the brush card mount to form the first surface of the brush assembly, and a main portion protruding from the base portion through a respective opening of the brush card mount to house a respective brush at least partially over the second surface of the brush assembly.
Motor including bus bars and bus bar holder
A motor includes a rotor with a shaft, a stator, first and second bearings supporting the shaft, a bus bar assembly holding the second bearing, a circuit board, a sensor magnet fixed to the shaft, and a rotation sensor which is attached to the circuit board and faces a direction. The bus bar assembly includes a bus bar and a bus bar holder. The bus bar holder includes a cylindrical main body portion including an opening at a second side. The bus bar includes a coil connection portion that protrudes from an inner surface of the main body portion and is electrically connected to a coil of the stator. The end of the second side of the coil connection portion is located at a second side ahead of a surface of a first side of the circuit board.
Motor that includes a stator having an improved structure
A motor that includes a stator having an improved structure is provided. The motor includes a stator that includes stator cores wound with a coil, a rotor disposed in the stator and configured to interact with the stator and to rotate, a shaft mounted on the rotor and configured to rotate with the rotor, a printed circuit board (PCB) electrically connected to the coil, an insulator formed of an insulating material and mounted on the stator, and a terminal pin mounted on the insulator to connect the coil with the PCB. A terminal pin accommodating portion that protrudes in an extension direction of the shaft is provided in one side of the insulator and the terminal pin is accommodated in the terminal pin accommodating portion.
Wireless power transmission system
A relay apparatus in a wireless power transmission system includes a relay power reception antenna that receives power transmission alternating current power from a power transmission power transmission antenna, a relay rectifier that converts the power transmission alternating current power into relay direct current power, a relay inverter circuit that converts the relay direct current power into relay alternating current power, and a relay power transmission antenna that wirelessly transmits the relay alternating current power. When the relay apparatus has received binary relay received data, the relay apparatus reverses a sign of the binary relay received data and eliminates a difference between a first voltage of the relay direct current power and a second voltage of the relay direct current power on the basis of the reversed binary relay received data.
Power supply apparatus and method for controlling power supply apparatus
A power supply apparatus includes a resonant circuit that determines a resonant frequency, a drive unit that drives the resonant circuit, and a controller that causes the resonant frequency to change between a first resonant frequency and a second resonant frequency. The first resonant frequency is higher than a frequency of a drive signal of the drive unit and the second resonant frequency is lower than the frequency of the drive signal.
Control apparatus, control method, and program
There is provided a control apparatus including: a determination unit configured to determine whether a control target apparatus drivable with first power supplied from an external power supply and second power supplied from a battery is driven with the second power, on the basis of a supply state of the first power and a transmission signal acquired via a power line from an external communication apparatus connected to the power line through which the first power is transmitted; and a target control unit configured to drive the control target apparatus with the second power when the control target apparatus is determined to be driven with the second power.
Device and method for power disturbance detection
An energy supply device with connection portion for an energy source and an energy consumer. The energy supply device is arranged to feed energy from an energy source to an energy consumer, and also comprises energy storage for supplying a connected energy consumer with energy in the event of an interruption of energy supply. There is also a control unit and sensing portion for sensing an energy flow to and/or from the energy storage portion. The sensing portion is connected to the control unit which detects a power disturbance if there is an energy flow from the energy storage portion during a predefined length of time.
Power storage system and power storage method
A power storage system includes: a power generation element that performs environmental power generation; a storage battery that is supplied with power generated by the power generation element; a DC/DC converter that converts an output voltage from the power generation element into a predetermined voltage; a first switch unit that switches whether directly supply the output voltage from the power generation element to the storage battery or to supply thereto via the DC/DC converter; and a first changeover unit that compares a voltage of the storage battery with a first threshold voltage, and controls the first switch unit according to a comparison result, in a case where a voltage of the voltage or higher of the storage battery bringing the DC/DC converter into a main boost mode is the first threshold voltage.
Charging control apparatus, battery, electronic device, vehicle, charging control method, an electric storage system and charging control unit
A charging control apparatus is provided and includes a control unit configured to transmit instructions to a charging unit to execute charging of a battery. The control unit is configured to cause a scheme change from a first charging scheme to a second charging scheme based on charging scheme information received by the control unit.
Discharge control device
A discharge control device includes a discharge circuit configured to include a switch and a resistor to discharge charges of a smoothing capacitor and a power converter which are connected to a high-voltage power supply. The discharge circuit sets the switch to an ON state to start the discharging for a fixed period when an ignition switch is changed from the ON state to an OFF state. The discharge circuit sets the switch to the OFF state to stop the discharging when the ignition switch is changed from the OFF state to the ON state during a period in which the discharge circuit performs the discharging.
Method for operating a circuit arrangement for charging and discharging a capacitive actuator
A method for operating a circuit for charging and discharging a capacitive actuator. The circuit has a series circuit of first and second power transistors with respective parallel-connected diodes connected between the potentials of a supply voltage source. The node between the power transistors is connected via a coil to the capacitive actuator. For charging the actuator, the first power transistor, which connects the capacitive actuator to the positive potential, is periodically turned on during a prescribed time and turned off when a first prescribed threshold value is reached by the current through the actuator, until a lower threshold value is reached by the current. If the actuator current no longer reaches the first prescribed threshold value then the first power transistor is turned off after a time that corresponds to the maximum value reached by the actuator current.
Circuit for balancing capacitor voltages at capacitors in a DC circuit
A circuit for balancing capacitor voltages at capacitors in a DC circuit includes a first circuit path having first and second capacitors connected in series between first and second potentials of a DC voltage of the DC circuit, with a first center tap arranged between the first and second capacitors. A second circuit path includes first and second switchable semiconductors and first and second balancing elements which are connected in series between the first and second potentials. The first switchable semiconductor is arranged at the first potential, the second switchable semiconductor at the second potential, and the first and second balancing elements are arranged between the first and second switchable semiconductors, with a second center tap arranged between the balancing elements. A first electrical connection is established between the first center tap in the first circuit path and the second center tap in the second circuit path.
Techniques for reducing human exposure to wireless energy in wireless power delivery environments
Embodiments of the present disclosure describe techniques for reducing human exposure to wireless energy in wireless power delivery environments. In some embodiments, a wireless power reception apparatus configured to receive wireless power from a wireless charging system in a wireless power delivery environment is disclosed. The wireless power reception apparatus includes a control system and an antenna array. In some embodiments, the control system is configured to dynamically adjust transmission and reception radiation patterns of the antenna array to reduce human exposure to wireless radio frequency (RF) energy.
Smart grid synchronization scheme
A control system includes memory storing instructions and a processor configured to execute the instructions. The processor is configured to receive a first indication of a power grid voltage, receive a second indication of a power grid phase angle, receive a third indication of a generator voltage of power provided by a generator, and receive a fourth indication of a generator phase angle of power provided by the generator. The processor is configured to determine a voltage gap between the generator voltage and the power grid voltage and a time difference between the generator phase angle and the power grid phase angle. The processor is configured to generate a signal to cause the generator voltage and the generator phase angle to synchronize with the power grid voltage and the power grid phase angle, respectively.
Power transfer between phases in a transformer
An AC power transformer includes primary and secondary windings for at least a first AC phase and a second AC phase, and a core for said at least first and second phases. The transformer further includes a control unit for transferring power from the first phase to the second phase via magnetic coupling in the core such that the sum of the phase vectors of all of the at least first and second phases is substantially zero.
Method for operating at least one distributed energy resource comprising a refrigeration system
The invention relates to a method of operating at least one distributed energy resource comprising a refrigeration system (1) with a number of cooling entities, wherein a power consumption information is communicated to a smart-grid setup (SG). According to the invention the method comprises the steps of: requesting (S0) a power consumption information from the refrigeration system; transmitting (S1) the power consumption information from the refrigeration system (1), wherein a total amount of power consumption (Pmin, Pmax) of the refrigeration system (1) is provided; wherein: a cooling capacity (dQ/dt_i) of at least one cooling entity is determined wherein an entity operation condition (CE) of the cooling entity (E1, E2) is taken into account (D1); a power consumption (W_i) of at least one cooling entity (E1, E2) is determined from the cooling capacity (dQ/dt_i) wherein a performance estimation (COP) of a refrigeration cycle for the cooling entity (E1, E2) is taken into account (D2); providing (D3) the total amount of power consumption (Pmin, Pmax) as a sum of power consumptions (W_i) of at least the one cooling entity of the number of cooling entities (E1, E2), in particular as a sum of relevant power consumptions of the number of cooling entities (E1, E2); receiving (S2) at the refrigeration system (1) a power reference (Wref) from the smart-grid setup (SG). The method presented enables power control of a centralized refrigeration system in a smart-grid setup where an aggregator provides the power reference. In addition, the method also enables the refrigeration system to improve determining flexibility margins beyond absolute max./min values of nominal and zero.
Seamless transitions between control modes
A power conversion system (PCS) seamlessly transitions between different control modes. A digital signal processor (DSP) may operate in a first control mode where a first setpoint for operating the inverter is associated with a first one of the AC power, DC voltage, or DC current. The DSP then seamlessly transitions into a second control mode where a second setpoint used for operating the inverter is associated with second one of the AC power, DC voltage, and DC current. The DSP also may seamlessly transition from the first or second control mode to an off-grid mode by operating the inverter based on an AC voltage setpoint generated by the inverter. The seamless control mode transitions allow the PCS to more effectively control the inverter output using feedback parameters other than just the output power.
Circuits and methods to selectively switch power signal generator inputs to a load
Methods of operating a power supply switching circuit including selecting a first power supply signal for provisioning through the power supply switching circuit to a electronic storage device. A current draw can be detected via the first power supply signal that exceeds a predetermined current limit and a second power supply signal can be coupled to the first power supply signal for provisioning through the power supply switching circuit to the electronic storage device responsive to the current draw exceeding the predetermined current limit.
Area-efficient active-FET ESD protection circuit
An electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection circuit includes a high power supply rail (VDD) and a low power supply rail (VSS). The ESD protection circuit further includes an active shunt transistor coupled between VDD and VSS. The active shunt transistor includes a gate. The ESD protection circuit also includes a sensing transistor connected between an input/output (I/O) pad and the gate of the active shunt transistor. If an ESD stress event occurs on the I/O pad or on a VDD pad, the sensing transistor is caused to be turned ON thereby permitting a voltage on the I/O or VDD pad experiencing the ESD stress event to turn ON the active shunt transistor in turn causing ESD current to flow from the pad experiencing the ESD event, through VDD, and through the active shunt transistor to VSS.
Surface-mountable electrical circuit protection device
Provided herein are improved electrical circuit protection devices for protection against electrostatic discharge (ESD), the devices including a first support substrate, a first electrode and a second electrode formed on the first support substrate, wherein the first electrode and the second electrode are formed from a conductive material. The devices further include a first bonding pad disposed on the first and second electrode, the first bonding pad having a first cavity formed therein; a second support substrate disposed on the first bonding pad, the second support substrate having a second cavity formed therein, and a voltage variable material disposed within the first cavity and the second cavity and electrically connected to the first electrode and the second electrode. The devices further include a second bonding pad disposed on the second support substrate, and a third support substrate disposed on the second bonding pad.
Overvoltage protection system for wireless communication systems
A surge suppression system provides surge protection both locally within the radio station building were the power plant and telecommunication equipment are located and remotely next to the radios and antennas located outside of the building on the communication tower. An external surge suppression unit provides a waterproof enclosure for both surge suppression devices and fiber optic connectors. A rack mountable surge suppression unit provides local in-line surge suppression protection for the electrical equipment located in the communication station. A unique surge suppression tray is hot swappable so that multiple surge suppression devices can be replaced at the same time without disrupting radio operation. Pluggable surge suppression modules can be used in both the external surge suppression unit and the rack mountable surge suppression unit.
Protection device and circuit protection apparatus containing the same
A protection device comprises a first planar substrate, a second planar substrate, a heating element, a fusible element and an absorbent element. The first substrate comprises a first surface, and the second substrate comprises a second surface facing the first surface. The heating element is disposed on the first surface, and the fusible element is disposed above the heating element. The absorbent element is disposed on the second surface and above the fusible element. When over-current or over-temperature occurs, the heating element heats up to melt and blow the fusible element and the absorbent element absorbs melted metal of the fusible element.
Distributed arc fault protection between outlet and circuit breaker
The disclosed methods and systems employ a nonprobability-based detection scheme that measures conditions (e.g., voltage or current) at multiple locations on a circuit, such as a branch circuit, to detect for a presence of an arc fault condition. A centralized processing system, such as a controller (120), receives information corresponding to a branch origin voltage or current measurement sensed by a sensor (114, 116) at a branch origin upstream of the plurality of end-use devices (150) on the branch circuit (e.g. at a circuit breaker defining the branch), and receives information corresponding to a downstream voltage or current measurement at each of the end-use devices sensed by a corresponding downstream sensor (152, 154).
Methods of post-process dispensation of plasma induced damage protection component
At least one method, apparatus and system disclosed herein involves providing an integrated circuit device comprising a protection circuit. And integrated circuit device is formed. A protection component is formed in parallel to the integrated circuit device. The protection component is configured for protecting the integrated circuit device from a portion of a charge. A circuit break device in series to the protection component, wherein the protection component and the circuit break device are in parallel to the integrated circuit device. The circuit break device is configured to break an electrical path of the protection component for electrically terminating the protection component based upon a current signal.
Electrical connection box
An electrical connection box includes a lower cover, an upper cover, a connector front opening, bus bars, four first ribs formed of two pairs opposing each other with the bus bar, formed on the lower cover, interposed therebetween, and four second ribs formed of two pairs opposing each other with the bus bar, formed on the upper cover, interposed therebetween. The first ribs and the second ribs are provided such that a pair of ribs is provided to oppose each other on one side and on another side with the bus bar interposed therebetween in a vertical direction, and a pair of ribs is provided to oppose each other on one side and on another side with the bus bar interposed therebetween in a width direction. When viewed from a direction of assembling, the first ribs and the second ribs are provided at different positions.
A control component for insertion in a standard size connection box of a conventional component such as a switch or other electrical mechanism. The control component may have new capabilities plus maintain the capabilities of the conventional component. The connection box need not be removed, or if the box is removed then the structure or space encompassing the box need not be enlarged. Further, no new wiring for is necessarily needed for connecting the control component. This placement or substitution may be particularly applicable to many rooms of hotels, motels, and other facilities. Neither time nor expense of modifications to the connection box, wiring and/or the room is necessarily needed. In many cases, a room or space cannot necessarily be modified to add a larger or an additional component having additional capabilities, such as a component having an air quality controlled device for operating a ventilation fan in a room.
Flexible electrical isolation device
An electrical isolator includes a flexible non-electrically conductive membrane and an inelastic flexible dielectric member journalled in the membrane and extending from the first end of the membrane to the second end of the membrane. First and second coupling members are anchored to the ends of the dielectric member. The ends of the membrane are mated in sealed engagement with the coupling members so that the coupling members fluidically seal the ends of the membrane and fluidically seal the dielectric member within the membrane. The membrane is filled with a dielectric fluid so as to displace any air in the membrane and the dielectric member. The coupling members are adapted to couple to objects at opposite ends of the electrical isolator.
Power distribution units with receptacles on one surface and branch rated circuit protection devices on an opposite surface
Examples described herein relate to power distribution units (PDUs) with receptacles on one surface and branch rated circuit protection devices on an opposite surface. For example, a PDU includes a first surface including a plurality of receptacles to couple a plurality of electronic devices to the PDU. The PDU also includes a second surface, opposite the first surface, including a plurality of branch rated circuit protection devices associated with the plurality of receptacles.
Safe laser device for optical sensing applications
The invention describes a laser device (100) comprising between two and six mesas (120) provided on one semiconductor chip (110), wherein the mesas (120) are electrically connected in parallel. The laser device (100) is adapted such that degradation of at least one mesa (120) results in a decreased laser power emitted by the laser device (100) in a defined solid angle when driven at the defined electrical input power. The laser device (100) is adapted such that eye safety of the laser device (100) is guaranteed during life time of the laser device (100). Eye safety may be guaranteed by designing the semiconductor structure or more general layer structure of mesas (120) of the laser device (100) in a way that degradation of one or more layers of the layer structure results in a reduction of the maximum optical power emitted in a defined solid angle. Alternatively or in addition, the electrical input power supplied to the laser device (100) may be controlled and adapted depending on the emitted optical power such that safety limits are not exceeded. The invention further relates to a laser module and an optical sensor (300) comprising such a laser device (100) and mobile communication device (400) comprising such an optical sensor (300). The invention further relates to a method of manufacturing such a laser device (100).
Semiconductor optical device, optical module, and method for manufacturing semiconductor optical device
A semiconductor optical device includes: a first conductive type semiconductor layer; an active layer; a second conductive type semiconductor layer including a ridge portion; a pair of first grooves, formed on bottom surfaces of both sides of the ridge portion and dividing the active layer; an optical functioning part including the first and second conductive type semiconductor layers, converting a state of light, and having a height higher than a height of the bottom surface of the ridge portion; and a second groove, at least a part thereof being formed on the optical functioning part, an end portion thereof being connected to the first groove, the second conductive type semiconductor layer being divided, and the maximum height of an inner wall surface thereof being higher than the maximum height of an inner wall surface of the first groove.
Tunable waveguide devices
Methods, systems, and apparatus, including a laser including a layer having first and second regions, the first region including a void; a mirror section provided on the layer, the mirror section including a waveguide core, at least part of the waveguide core is provided over at least a portion of the void; a first grating provided on the waveguide core; a first cladding layer provided between the layer and the waveguide core and supported by the second region of the layer; a second cladding layer provided on the waveguide core; and a heat source configured to change a temperature of at least one of the waveguide core and the grating, where an optical mode propagating in the waveguide core of the mirror section does not incur substantial loss due to interaction with portions of the mirror section above and below the waveguide core.
A laser diode has a layer arrangement including a first layer structure extending along a Z axis in a longitudinal direction, along an X axis in a transverse direction and along a Y axis in a height direction, and a second and third layer structure arranged along the Z axis on opposite longitudinal sides of the first layer structure and adjoining the first layer structure, wherein the active zone of the first layer structure is arranged offset in height relative to the active zones of the second and third layer structures, and an intermediate layer is arranged laterally with respect to the first layer structure in the second and third layer structures, the intermediate layer configured as an electrically blocking layer that hinders or prevents a current flow, and the intermediate layer being arranged between the active zone and an n contact.
Laser source assembly with thermal control and mechanically stable mounting
A laser source (340) that generates an output beam (354) that is directed along a beam axis (354A) that is coaxial with a first axis and orthogonal to a second axis comprises a first frame (356), a laser (358), and a first mounting assembly (360). The laser (358) generates the output beam (354) that is directed along the beam axis (354A). The first mounting assembly (360) couples the laser (358) to the first frame (356). The first mounting assembly (360) allows the laser (358) to expand and contract relative to the first frame (356) along the first axis and along the second axis, while maintaining alignment of the output beam (354) so the beam axis (354A) is substantially coaxial with the first axis. The first mounting assembly (360) can include a first fastener assembly (366) that couples the laser (358) to the first frame (356), and a first alignment assembly (368) that maintains alignment of the laser (358) along a first alignment axis (370) that is substantially parallel to the first axis.
Mobile device adapter
An adapter for a mobile device includes a housing, a connector coupled to a first side of the housing, and a plurality of adapter pins extending through the housing. Each of the adapter pins includes a first portion adapted to be electrically coupled to a corresponding port pin when the connector is inserted into a port of the mobile device. The adapter pins further include a second portion including a contact pad that is exposed on a second side of the housing opposite the first side of the housing. The adapter reduces the quantity of contact pads relative to the quantity of port pins, thereby facilitating increased contact pad sizes and improved contact pad distribution.
Wiring module with coupling portions
A wiring module includes a plurality of conductive plates, and first coupling portions and second coupling portions that are provided on outer peripheral portions of the plurality of conductive plates and have mutually connectable shapes. In this wiring module, the plurality of conductive plates are electrically connected by coupling the first coupling portions and the second coupling portions. Therefore, changing a manner in which the conductive plates are coupled is disclosed (for example, changing the number of coupled conductive plates, the coupling positions thereof, or the coupling angles thereof).
Quick disconnect electrical cable connector
A hermaphroditic electrical connector having a first connector half and a second connector half configured to mate with one another. Each of the connector halves includes a housing, a first projection, a second projection, and a central protrusion. The housing includes a first side, an opposite second side, a top side, and an opposite bottom side. The first projection extends from the first side of the housing proximate to the top side of the housing. The second projection extends from the first side of the housing proximate to the top side of the housing such that the first and second projections are spaced from one another by a slot. The central protrusion extends from the first side of the housing proximate to the bottom side of housing.
Illuminated USB type C power adapter
An illuminated interface cable with a USB type C connector interface on at least one end. A light circuit including a light and a mechanical switch, the light circuit powered by a power level negotiation CC conductor of the cable to energize the light upon actuation of the mechanical switch. The light and switch coupled to the connector interface, the light oriented to illuminate an interconnection area of the connector interface. The light may be provided, for example, as a light emitting diode.
Equipotential grounding grate
Self-supporting equipotential grounding grates are used to create an equipotential zone for workers and equipment. The grates have a plurality of supports that cooperate to position the upper surface of a conductive grid above the surface on which the grates are used. The inner supports include upper and lower structural grids that allow debris to be readily removed from the grate after use. The grate supports workers and equipment. A plurality of the grates are electrically connected with cables to define a platform with the entire structure grounded with one or more grounding pins.
Securable power adapter
A power adapter with a cord-fastening, and one or more fastening tabs for semi-permanently securing the power adapter to a wall socket. Female receptacles within the device can be designed to accept standard corded connections widely accepted in use with electronic devices (e.g. mobile phones, tablets, and other personal electronic devices) such as male ends of various USB (Universal Serial Bus) standards or other well-known connector types. Male prongs can be designed to fit into a standard wall outlet, and optionally can be designed to fold into the adapter body when not in use.
A preferred embodiment of a plug connection apparatus includes a first plug connector, a second plug connector and a connection installation element mounted on a housing of the first plug connector by way of a guide. The connection installation element has a first gate part and a housing of the second plug connector has a second gate part. The gate parts assume a first mutually relative position when the plug connectors are plugged to one another in a preliminary latching position. The plug connectors are mechanically coupled by way of the guide and the gate parts such that the plug connectors are plugged to one another in a terminal position when the two gate parts are in a second mutually relative position. The connection is displaceable from an unlocking position to a locking position to displace the gate parts to the second position.
A male connector (1) includes a housing (10) made of resin, a male terminal (11) formed into a tubular shape and filled with resin (20B) inside, and a resin cap (12) for covering a distal end on a front side of the male terminal (11) in a connecting direction. A communication port (11D) is provided in a part of the male terminal (11) embedded in the housing (10). Resin (20A) constituting the housing (10) and resin (20B) are integrated via the communication port (11D), and the resin (20B) and resin (20C) constituting the resin cap (12) are integrated via an opening (11E) of the male terminal (11) on the front side in the connecting direction.
Electrical outlet plug strip
Electrical outlet plug strips are positioned at the underside of a kitchen cabinet or cabinets. The plug strips include covers which are designed to shield or cover the gaps between adjacent plug strips and to shield or cover support members positioned at the bottoms of adjacent cabinets.
Lid retaining structure
A component supporting section of a lid retaining structure is supported on a pipe handle, and a stay is supported on the pipe handle via the component supporting section. A main body portion of a power supply socket is supported on a main body supporting section such that an entrance is located above the main body supporting section of the stay. In the event that a lid that covers the entrance is removed, the lid is retained in a space surrounded by the flat section of the stay, the pipe handle, and the component supporting section.
Opening/closing plug device
A foldable plug device includes a pin module having at least one fixed pin. A first articulating shaft is disposed in a bottom of the pin module, and a first casing and a second casing are disposed at two sides of the pin module. A slot is disposed in a middle portion of the first casing. A movable pin corresponding to the fixed pin is disposed at the second casing, and the movable pin is configured such that the movable pin is located in the slot when the two casings are folded, and the movable pin is turned out of the slot when the two casings are unfolded, to form a plug cooperating with the fixed pins.
Spring contacts and related methods
A dual spring contact assembly having an intermediate component between at least two canted coil springs with opposite canting angle directions for fitment between a first component and a second component. When there is relative displacement between the first and second components, the direction of movement of one of the components relative to one of the canted coil spring can always occur along the canting angle, reducing the friction between coils and component and increasing the life of the slip ring.
Switching device having a push button
A cable connection method is provided. In a cable connection structure, a connection agent in which fine solder particle are densely scattered in a thermosetting resin-based adhesive is interposed between a connection portion of a flexible printed cable (FPC) cable in which a shield layer is formed on one surface side of a signal layer and a connection portion on a substrate side. Then, the connection portion of the FPC cable and the connection portion on the substrate side are solder connected by heating. A shield layer corresponding to the connection portion of the FPC cable and/or a region portion up to a position separated from the base end side of the connection portion of the FPC cable by a predetermined length is configured with a conductive mesh structure body. The other region of the shield layer contains a conductive flat plate structure.
Method for mounting a cable shoe
A method for mounting a cable shoe includes placing the cable shoe in a receiving element, and securely clamping it therein. The receiving element has insulation material, a central throughhole and a first part of a locking mechanism. A central metal insert is arranged into a fastening element made of insulation material. The fastening element is mounted tightly and fixedly on the structural component. The receiving element and the cable shoe are fastened to the fastening element. The fastening element has a second part of the locking mechanism, corresponding in location to the first part of the locking mechanism, such that when the first and second parts of the locating mechanism are engaged, the cable shoe and the receiving element are likewise tightly and fixedly mounted on the structural component.is indicated which is electrically conductively connected to an end of an electrical line, mounted to a structural component in a motor vehicle. In this connection, a cable shoe with a central throughhole is used which in the mounted position is placed on a rod shaped mass point of the motor vehicle and electrically conductively connected with the same. The cable shoe is initially placed in a receiving element composed of an insulation material and also fastened therein so that there is a central throughhole and a first part of a locking mechanism. There is also a central metal insert used with a central throughhole corresponding to the central throughhole of the cable shoe. The unit of the receiving element, the cable shoe and the insert are also on a fastening element composed of insulation material, the second part of the locking mechanism is mounted tightly and fixedly on the structural component by means of the inter-engaging part of the locking mechanism.
A patch antenna is disclosed as including a rectangular patch and a rectangular ground plane parallel to and spaced apart from the patch by a sheet of dielectric material. The patch has a first longer side and a second longer side which are opposite to each other and a first shorter side and a second shorter side which are opposite to each other. A first row of vias is provided adjacent the first longer side of the patch, a second row of vias being provided adjacent the second longer side of the patch, a third row of vias being provided adjacent the first shorter side of the patch, and a fourth row of vias being provided adjacent the second shorter side of the patch. Each via extends through the patch, the sheet of dielectric material and the ground plane to short the antenna.
Electronic device antennas
An electronic device such as a wristwatch may have a housing with metal portions such as metal sidewalls. The housing may form an antenna ground for an antenna. An antenna resonating element for the antenna may be formed from a stack of capacitively coupled component layers such as a display layer, touch sensor layer, and near-field communications antenna layer at a front face of the device. An additional antenna may be formed from a peripheral resonating element that runs along a peripheral edge of the device and the antenna ground. A rear face antenna may be formed using a wireless power receiving coil as a radio-frequency antenna resonating element or may be formed from metal antenna traces on a plastic support for light-based components.
An antenna device includes a ground conductor (1), a dielectric tube (2) containing an ionizing gas and passing through the ground conductor, whose folded-back portion (201) and both ends are disposed in different sides of the ground conductor, first electrodes (3, 4) disposed at both ends of the dielectric tube (2), a plasma excitation power supply connected to the first electrodes, bringing the ionizing gas into a plasma state; a second electrode (6) ring-shaped and disposed at the both ends side of dielectric tube (2) from the ground conductor (1), fitted to and in contact with the dielectric tube outer surface, a high frequency transmitter (7) supplying a high frequency signal to the second electrode (6), and a feed line (8) connecting the second electrode and the high frequency transmitter. Each end of the dielectric tube (2) is larger than the second electrode in the inner diameter.
Outdoor unit configured for customer installation and method of aligning same
A method and apparatus for angularly aligning an antenna disposed at a geographical location is disclosed. A corresponding apparatus comprises a plurality of reticle members, each reticle member having a reticle, and a plurality of reference members, each adjustably engaged with an associated one of the plurality of reticle members, wherein each of the plurality of reference members comprises an associated template having a reference mark positioned thereon according to the geographical location of the antenna and the antenna is angularly aligned when each reference mark of each template is aligned with the reticle associated with the reference mark. A corresponding method comprises the steps of affixing an associated template having a reference mark positioned thereon according to the geographic location of the antenna to each of the plurality of reference members and angularly aligning each of the plurality of reticle members with each reference mark of each associated template.
Compact low loss signal coupler
A bi-directional coupler architecture that allows an entire radio frequency coupler to be fully integrated with other circuitry on a single IC substrate. Embodiments of the invention use a lumped component architecture instead of quarter-wave transmission lines to reduce area and limit loss on the primary signal line. In some embodiments, two directional couplers of opposite polarities are implemented at least in part using spiral secondary inductors electromagnetically coupled to a shared primary inductor signal line, thus providing a bi-directional coupler architecture.
Directional coupler and a combiner
A directional coupler is described comprising two housing parts which define at least two hollow conductors and a separation wall positioned between both hollow conductors. Said separation wall comprises several holes ensuring a coupling of the at least two hollow conductors. Said several holes are arranged in two rows in an alternating manner such that a galvanic connection of both housing parts is provided between each neighbored holes. Further, a combiner is described.
Resonator and filter including the same
A filter including a resonator formed of metal and including a first through hole in one direction, and a transmission line penetrating through the first through hole, wherein the transmission line is spaced apart from the first through hole.
Method of manufacturing nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery
An organic acid included in a nonaqueous electrolyte solution of a secondary battery is reduced. During preparation of a film-covered battery 1, the nonaqueous electrolyte solution is injected into an covering 5 of the film-covered battery 1 having an electrode including: the electrode active material, the binder, and the organic acid, the organic acid in the nonaqueous electrolyte solution is decomposed by electrical charging of a battery until a voltage level is equal to or above a decomposition voltage of the organic acid, and the gas that is produced by decomposition is degassed from the cut portion 6 of the covering 5.
Patterned crimp for battery collector attachment
A battery module includes an electrochemical cell. The electrochemical cell includes a jelly roll having an anode sheet, a cathode sheet, and a separator rolled together to form the jelly roll. Further, the electrochemical cell includes a current collector. The current collector includes a patterned crimp impression therein that extends into and fixes the current collector to an end of the jelly roll.
Fuel cell system and power generation monitoring method
A fuel cell system comprising: an acquirer that acquires a total value of cell voltages of two or more cells included in a fuel cell; and a determiner that determines, when the total value is a first voltage value, abnormal power generation in which power generation by at least a part of the two or more cells is abnormal, that determines, when the total value is a second voltage value higher than the first voltage value, normal power generation in which power generation by the two or more cells is normal and that determines, when the total value is a third voltage value higher than the first voltage value but lower than the second voltage value, the normal power generation if a cathode gas is deficient or the abnormal power generation if the cathode gas is not deficient.
Fuel cell system and method of controlling fuel cell system
A fuel cell system includes a compressor configured to adjust a flow rate of cathode gas to be supplied to a fuel cell and a pressure regulating valve configured to adjust a pressure of the supplied cathode gas. The fuel cell system further includes a controller programmed to calculate a target pressure of the supplied cathode gas while taking into consideration a load of the fuel cell and a heat protecting requirement of the fuel cell system, calculate a target flow rate of the supplied cathode gas in accordance with the load of the fuel cell and the target pressure of the cathode gas, and control the compressor and the pressure regulating valve in accordance with the target pressure and the target flow rate. The controller is further programmed to increase the target flow rate of the cathode gas as the target pressure of the cathode gas becomes lower.
Fluid flow plate for a fuel cell
A bipolar fluid flow plate for an electrochemical assembly comprises a plurality of first fluid flow channels extending across a face of the flow plate to define a first fluid flow field of the fluid flow plate and a plurality of second fluid flow channels extending across a face of the flow plate to define a second fluid flow field of the fluid flow plate. The pluralities of first fluid flow channels and second fluid flow channels both occupying a common channel plane. An array of first fluid transfer points is disposed along an edge of the first fluid flow field for communicating fluid into or out of the first fluid flow channels. An array of second fluid transfer points is disposed along an edge of the second fluid flow field for communicating fluid into or out of the second fluid flow channels. A first fluid gallery has a first peripheral edge portion bounded by the array of first fluid transfer points and has a second peripheral edge portion forming a first fluid communication edge of the fluid flow plate. A second fluid gallery has a first peripheral edge portion bounded by the array of second fluid transfer points and has a second peripheral edge portion forming a second fluid communication edge of the fluid flow plate. The first fluid gallery occupies a first gallery plane and the second fluid gallery occupies a second gallery plane different from the first gallery plane. Both the first gallery plane and the second gallery plane are disposed within the channel plane. This structure enables the feeding of multiple different fluids into coplanar channels across the full width of a flow field.
Redox catalyst, electrode material, electrode, membrane electrode assembly for fuel cells, and fuel cell
Provided is a redox catalyst wherein a catalytically active component is supported on carbon nanotubes whose average diameter (Av) and standard deviation (σ) of diameters satisfy the condition 0.60>3σ/Av>0.20, and at least a part of a surface of the carbon nanotubes, including a part on which the catalytically active component is supported, is covered with porous inorganic material.
Microwave drying of lithium-ion battery materials
A method for making a lithium-ion cell includes depositing an electrode material as a coating on a substrate of the lithium-ion cell, irradiating the deposited electrode material with microwave radiation of varying frequency, wetting the irradiated electrode material with a non-aqueous electrolyte solution, and sealing the wetted electrode material in an air-tight enclosure.
Lithium ion battery cathodes, methods of making, and methods of use thereof
Embodiments of the present disclosure provide for cathodes having a metal sulfide thin layer, devices including cathodes, lithium ion batteries including cathodes, methods of making cathodes, and the like.
Pen battery mechanical shock reduction design
A device and a method for manufacturing of a printed circuit board for installing in a battery-powered device, the method including mounting on a printed circuit board (PCB) a PCB surface mount component comprising a planar mount configured to be mounted on the PCB and a kinetic energy absorption element with a battery contact on a distal end of the energy absorption element, and trimming the PCB out of a panel comprising the PCB and a border around the PCB, the border connected integrally with the PCB, wherein the border comprises supports configured to support corresponding ear extensions in the absorption element in order to align the battery contact with a PCB plane.
A battery is provided with a lid member that closes a case, a collector terminal member having an insert-through part, an insulator that electrically insulates the lid member and the collector terminal member, and a gasket that provides a seal between the lid member and the collector terminal member. The lid member has a protrusion protruding downward in the vertical direction from the bottom. A gasket is in the same position as the protruding section in an inside-outside direction, which is perpendicular to the vertical direction, and has a sealing part pressed by the protruding section. At least one gap exists in the vicinity of the seal section in a different position to the seal section in the inside-outside direction, and at least portions of the gaps are enclosed by the gasket and the collector terminal member.
Display device including a reflection preventing layer
A display device includes a substrate, a first electrode, an organic light-emitting layer, a second electrode, a phase matching layer, and at least one light-absorbing layer. The substrate includes a plurality of pixel regions and a non-pixel region. The non-pixel region is arranged between adjacent pixel regions. The first electrode is arranged in each pixel region. The organic light-emitting layer is arranged on the first electrode. The second electrode is arranged on the organic light-emitting layer. The phase matching layer is arranged on the second electrode. The at least one light-absorbing layer is arranged on the phase matching layer. A thickness of the second electrode in the non-pixel region is different than a thickness of the second electrode in the pixel regions.
Display device with a plurality of phase retardation layers
A display device includes a light emitting diode disposed on a substrate, a thin film encapsulation layer covering the light emitting diode, a polarization layer disposed on the thin film encapsulation layer. The thin film encapsulation layer includes a plurality of phase retardation layers.
Organic EL display device
An organic EL display device 1 includes a flexible plastic substrate 10, an organic EL element 4 on the plastic substrate 10, and to sealing film 2 provided on the plastic substrate 10 to cover the organic EL element 4. The sealing film 2 includes a first sealing layer 25 on a surface of the plastic substrate 10, a stress relief layer 26 on a surface of the first sealing layer 25, and a second sealing layer 27 on a surface of the stress relief layer 26. Compressive stress of the first sealing layer 25 is lower than compressive stress of the second sealing layer 27.
Organic light-emitting diode (OLED) encapsulation methods and OLED encapsulation structure
The present disclosure relates to an OLED encapsulation method and an OLED encapsulation structure. The OLED encapsulation method combines the frame glue encapsulation technology and the thin film encapsulation technology. By adopting the frame glue to block the organic layer and to limit the dimension of the organic layer, each of the organic layers can be completely covered by the inorganic layer arranged thereon. At the same time, the inorganic layers may be manufactured by the same mask, which reduces the number of the mask so as to reduce the cost. The OLED encapsulation structure combines the frame glue encapsulation technology and the thin film encapsulation technology. By adopting the frame glue to block the organic layer and to limit the dimension of the organic layer, each of the organic layers can be completely covered by the inorganic layer arranged thereon. At the same time, the inorganic layers may be manufactured by the same mask, which reduces the number of the mask so as to reduce the cost.
Organic light-emitting device having electron transport region including lanthanide and alkali metal halide
An organic light-emitting device includes a substrate, an anode on the substrate, a hole transport region on the anode, an emission layer on the hole transport region, an electron transport region on the emission layer, and a cathode on the electron transport region, wherein the electron transport region includes an electron injection layer including a first material including at least one of a halide of an alkali metal, and a second material including at least one of a lanthanide metal and a alkaline earth metal, and wherein the cathode contacts the electron injection layer and includes a first metal including at least one of silver, gold, platinum, copper, manganese, titanium, cobalt, nickel, and tungsten, and a second metal including at least one of a lanthanide metal and an alkaline earth metal, wherein an amount of the first metal is equal to or greater than that of the second metal.
Display device and manufacturing method thereof
A display device includes a substrate, a semiconductor layer disposed on the substrate, a first insulating layer disposed on the semiconductor layer, a first conductive layer disposed on the first insulating layer and electrically connected to the semiconductor layer via a first contact hole, which is defined through the first insulating layer, a second insulating layer disposed on the first conductive layer, and a second conductive layer disposed on the second insulating layer and electrically connected to the first conductive layer via a second contact hole, which is defined through the second insulating layer, where the first and second contact holes overlap each other, and a residual layer, which includes a portion of the second insulating layer, is disposed in the first contact hole.
Two-terminal switching devices comprising coated nanotube elements
An improved switching material for forming a composite article over a substrate is disclosed. A first volume of nanotubes is combined with a second volume of nanoscopic particles in a predefined ration relative to the first volume of nanotubes to form a mixture. This mixture can then be deposited over a substrate as a relatively thick composite article via a spin coating process. The composite article may possess improved switching properties over that of a nanotube-only switching article. A method for forming substantially uniform nanoscopic particles of carbon, which contains one or more allotropes of carbon, is also disclosed.
Flexible display panel and display device
A flexible display panel and a display device are provided. The flexible display panel includes: a first flexible substrate, a second flexible substrate, and an inorganic layer located between the first flexible substrate and the second flexible substrate; where there are a plurality of grooves and/or through-holes in the inorganic layer; and the first flexible substrate contacts the second flexible substrate through the grooves and/or the through-holes. In this way, the grooves and/or the through-holes are arranged in the inorganic layer so that the first flexible substrate can contact with the second flexible substrate through the grooves and/or the through-holes to thereby increase the contact area between the second flexible substrate and the inorganic layer so as to alleviate the risk of the organic layer being stripped off the inorganic layer in the flexible display panel being bent and deformed.
Double-sided OLED display device
The present invention provides a double-sided organic lighting emitting diode (OLED) display device, which comprises a first display element, a second display element, a first encapsulation layer, and a second encapsulation layer. The first encapsulation layer extends from one side or two sides of the first baseplate, and curvedly overlaps on the first emitting portion. The second encapsulation layer extends from one side or two sides of the second baseplate, and curvedly overlaps on the second emitting portion. The first encapsulation layer and the second encapsulation layer both are closely encapsulated with at least one of the first baseplate and the second baseplate by sealant, respectively.
According to one embodiment, a memory device includes a stacked body. The stacked body includes first and second electrodes, and an oxide layer provided between the first and second electrodes. The second electrode includes a semiconductor layer, and a metal-containing region including at least one of first or second metallic element and being provided between at least a portion of the semiconductor layer and at least a portion of the oxide layer. The first metallic element includes at least one selected from Pt, Pd, Ir, Ru, Re, and Os. The second metallic element includes at least one selected Ti, W, Mo, and Ta. The stacked body has first and second states. The first state is obtained by causing a current to flow in the stacked body from the second toward first electrode. The second state is obtained by causing a current to flow from the first toward second electrode.
Magnetoresistive random access memory structure and method of forming the same
A magnetoresistive random access memory (MRAM) structure includes a bottom electrode structure. A magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) element is over the bottom electrode structure. The MTJ element includes an anti-ferromagnetic material layer. A ferromagnetic pinned layer is over the anti-ferromagnetic material layer. A tunneling layer is over the ferromagnetic pinned layer. A ferromagnetic free layer is over the tunneling layer. The ferromagnetic free layer has a first portion and a demagnetized second portion. The MRAM also includes a top electrode structure over the first portion.
Thin film piezoelectric element and manufacturing method thereof
A manufacturing method of an epitaxial thin film piezoelectric element includes: providing a substrate; forming a bottom electrode layer on the substrate by epitaxial growth process; forming a first piezoelectric layer that has c-axis orientation on the bottom electrode layer by epitaxial growth process; forming a second piezoelectric layer that has c-axis orientation and different phase structure from the first piezoelectric layer on the first piezoelectric layer by epitaxial growth process; and forming a top electrode layer on the second piezoelectric layer. The thin film piezoelectric element has good thermal stability, low temperature coefficient and high piezoelectric constant.
Piezoelectric thin film and piezoelectric thin film device
A piezoelectric thin film contains potassium sodium niobate represented by general formula (K1-xNax)NbO3 and CaTiO3, wherein the lattice spacing calculated from the diffraction peak of the (001) plane in an X-ray diffraction profile of the piezoelectric thin film is 3.975 Å or less, and the ratio I101/I001 of the diffraction peak intensity I101 of the (101) plane to the diffraction peak intensity I001 of the (001) plane in the X-ray diffraction profile of the piezoelectric thin film 3 satisfies the relationship log10(I101/I001)≤−2.10.
Semiconductor device and method for producing the same
A semiconductor device directly joins electrodes of a semiconductor element to electrodes of a metal substrate and has good yield, connection reliability, good mass productivity, and superior heat dissipation efficiency. A method for producing the semiconductor device that directly joins the electrodes of the metal substrate to the electrodes of the semiconductor element includes forming an electrode separating groove in an element mounting position on a main surface of the metal substrate at a predetermined depth. The semiconductor element is mounted to extend over the electrode separating groove. The metal substrate is ground from a surface reverse to the main surface of the metal substrate up to a position reaching the electrode separating groove.
Light emitting diode with high efficiency
A light emitting diode includes: a substrate; a semiconductor stack disposed on the substrate and including a lower semiconductor layer, an upper semiconductor layer and an active layer interposed between the lower semiconductor layer and the upper semiconductor layer, the semiconductor stack having an isolation groove exposing the substrate through the upper semiconductor layer, the active layer and the lower semiconductor layer; a first electrode pad and an upper extension portion electrically connected to the upper semiconductor layer; a second electrode pad and a lower extension portion electrically connected to the lower semiconductor layer; a connecting portion connecting the upper extension portion and the lower extension portion to each other across the isolation groove; a first current blocking layer interposed between the lower extension portion and the lower semiconductor layer; and a second current blocking layer interposed between the second electrode pad and the lower semiconductor layer.
Optoelectronic semiconductor chip and method for producing optoelectronic semiconductor chips
An optoelectronic semiconductor chip (1) is provided which has a semiconductor body comprising a semiconductor layer sequence (2) with an active region (20) provided for generating and/or receiving radiation, a first semiconductor region (21) of a first conduction type, a second semiconductor region (22) of a second conduction type and a cover layer (25). The active region (20) is arranged between the first semiconductor region (21) and the second semiconductor region (22) and comprises a contact layer (210) on the side remote from the active region. The cover layer (25) is arranged on the side of the first semiconductor region (21) remote from the active region (20) and comprises at least one cut-out (27), in which the contact layer (210) adjoins the first connection layer (3). The cover layer is of the second conduction type. Furthermore, a method is provided for producing optoelectronic semiconductor chips.
Semiconductor device and method for manufacturing the same
An object is to provide a semiconductor device including a thin film transistor with excellent electrical characteristics and high reliability and a method for manufacturing the semiconductor device with high mass productivity. A main point is to form a low-resistance oxide semiconductor layer as a source or drain region after forming a drain or source electrode layer over a gate insulating layer and to form an oxide semiconductor film thereover as a semiconductor layer. It is preferable that an oxygen-excess oxide semiconductor layer be used as a semiconductor layer and an oxygen-deficient oxide semiconductor layer be used as a source region and a drain region.
Solar cell and method of manufacturing the same
An aspect of the invention provides a solar cell that comprises a semiconductor substrate having a light-receiving surface and a rear surface; a first semiconductor layer having a first conductivity type; a second semiconductor layer having a second conductivity type, the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer being formed on the rear surface, and a trench formed in the rear surface, wherein the first semiconductor layer is formed on the rear surface in which the trench is not formed, and the second semiconductor layer is formed on a side surface of the trench in an arrangement direction in which the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer are alternately arranged and on a bottom surface of the trench.
One of the objects is to improve display quality by reduction in malfunctions of a circuit. In a driver circuit formed using a plurality of pulse output circuits having first to third transistors and first to fourth signal lines, a first clock signal is supplied to the first signal line; a preceding stage signal is supplied to the second signal line; a second clock signal is supplied to the third signal line; an output signal is output from the fourth signal line. Duty ratios of the first clock signal and the second clock signal are different from each other. A period during which the second clock signal is changed from an L-level signal to an H-level signal after the first clock signal is changed from an H-level signal to an L-level signal is longer than a period during which the preceding stage signal is changed from an L-level signal to an H-level signal.
FinFet having dual vertical spacer and method of manufacturing the same
A field effect transistor (FET) structure includes: a gate; a first spacer having a first dielectric constant at a first region adjacent to the gate; and a second spacer having a second dielectric constant that is greater than the first dielectric constant at a second region adjacent to the gate.
Field effect transistor including multiple aspect ratio trapping structures
The present disclosure relates to a field-effect transistor and a method of fabricating the same. A field-effect transistor includes a semiconductor substrate including a first semiconductor material having a first lattice constant, and a fin structure on the semiconductor substrate. The fin structure includes a second semiconductor material having a second lattice constant that is different from the first lattice constant. The fin structure further includes a lower portion that is elongated in a first direction, a plurality of upper portions protruding from the lower portion and elongated in a second direction that is different from the first direction, and a gate structure crossing the plurality of upper portions.
Method of fabricating electrically erasable programmable non-volatile memory cell structure
A NVM cell structure includes a semiconductor substrate having a first conductivity type, a first well region having a second conductivity type, a floating gate transistor and an erase gate region. The first well region is disposed on a first OD region of the semiconductor substrate. The erase gate region disposed on a second OD region of the semiconductor substrate includes a first doped region and at least one second doped region having the second conductivity type. The first doped region is disposed in semiconductor substrate and covers the second OD region, and the second doped region is disposed in the first doped region. The first doped region encompasses the second doped region, and a doping concentration of the second doped region is larger than a doping concentration of the first doped region.
Graphene FET with graphitic interface layer at contacts
A method for forming a graphene FET includes providing a graphene layer having a surface. A first metal layer having a work function <4.3 eV is deposited on the graphene surface. The first metal layer is oxidized to form a first metal oxide layer. The first metal oxide layer is etched to provide open surface contact regions including a first and a second region of the graphene layer for providing a graphene surface source and drain contact. A second metal layer is deposited including a second metal layer portion providing a source with a source contact over the graphene surface source contact and a second metal layer portion providing a drain with a drain contact over the graphene surface drain contact. A grown-in graphitic interface layer is formed at an interface between the source contact and graphene surface source contact and the drain contact and graphene surface drain contact.
Vertical semiconductor device and manufacturing method thereof
In a case where a semiconductor layer is epitaxially grown on a step shape formed due to CBL (current blocking layer) formation, the crystallinity of the semiconductor layer lowers. Also, a GaN layer that is epitaxially regrown on the CBL is not formed continuously by epitaxial growth, and therefore the crystallinity of the GaN layer lowers. A vertical semiconductor device manufacturing method is provided that comprises: a step of epitaxially growing a gallium nitride-based n-type semiconductor layer on a gallium nitride-based semiconductor substrate; a step of epitaxially growing a gallium nitride-based p-type semiconductor layer on the n-type semiconductor layer; and a step of ion-implanting p-type impurities to form a p+-type embedded region selectively in a predetermined depth range across the boundary between the n-type semiconductor layer and the p-type semiconductor layer.
Semiconductor device and manufacturing method thereof
Provided is a guard ring section to which a fine processing is easily applied. Provided is a semiconductor device comprising: a semiconductor substrate; an active region formed in the semiconductor substrate; and a guard ring section formed more outside than the active region in the semiconductor substrate, wherein the guard ring section includes: a guard ring formed in a circular pattern on an upper surface of the semiconductor substrate; an interlayer insulating film formed above the guard ring; a field plate formed in a circular pattern along the guard ring and above the interlayer insulating film; and a tungsten plug formed in a circular pattern along the guard ring and penetrating the interlayer insulating film to connect the guard ring and the field plate.
Display tile structure and tiled display
A display tile structure includes a tile layer with opposing emitter and backplane sides. A light emitter having first and second electrodes for conducting electrical current to cause the light emitter to emit light is disposed in the tile layer. First and second electrically conductive tile micro-wires and first and second conductive tile contact pads are electrically connected to the first and second tile micro-wires, respectively. The light emitter includes a plurality of semiconductor layers and the first and second electrodes are disposed on a common side of the semiconductor layers opposite the emitter side of the tile layer. The first and second tile micro-wires and first and second tile contact pads are disposed on the backplane side of the tile layer.
Active matrix organic light emitting diode display panel structure
Disclosed is an AMOLED display panel structure, comprising a plurality of transversely scan lines which extend horizontally, a plurality of data lines which extend vertically and are insulated from the scan lines, switching lines of a same number of the scan lines which extend vertically, a plurality of row driving circuits coupled to the switching lines and a plurality of column driving circuits coupled to the data lines; one switching line is coupled to one scan line, one row driving circuit is coupled to a plurality of switching lines, one column driving circuits is coupled to a plurality of data lines; the row driving circuit and the column driving circuit are located in the lower border frame region; the left, right and upper frame regions are only used for package to achieve the ultra narrow border frames for all three sides of the AMOLED display panel.
Organic light emitting display device
Discussed in an organic light emitting display device including a first pixel, and a second pixel being adjacent the first pixel, wherein each of the first pixel and the second pixel includes a plurality of subpixels, wherein the plurality of subpixels include a green subpixel, a red subpixel, and a blue subpixel, and wherein the red subpixel and the blue subpixel are shared by the first pixel and the second pixel.
Organic light emitting device
An organic light emitting device includes four sub-organic light emitting devices. The first device includes a first anode, a first common light emitting portion, and a first sub-light emitting portion. The second device includes a second anode, a second common light emitting portion, a first auxiliary layer, and a second sub-light emitting portion. The third device includes a third anode and a third common light emitting portion. The fourth device includes a fourth anode, a fourth common light emitting portion, and a light emitting layer emitting a first light. The first and second sub-light emitting portions have an integral structure and emit second light. The first, second, third, and fourth common light emitting portions have an integral structure and emit third light having a wavelength longer than a wavelength of at least one of the first or second lights.
Programmable impedance memory device and related methods
A memory device can include at least one plate structure formed over a semiconductor substrate; an active region formed within the semiconductor substrate without lateral isolation structures; a plurality of bit line contact groups, each including bit line contacts to the active region disposed in a first direction; a plurality of storage contact groups, each including storage contacts to the active region disposed in the first direction; a plurality of gate structures, each including a main section extending in the first direction, and disposed between one bit line contact group and an adjacent storage contact group; and a two-terminal storage element disposed between each bit line contact and the at least one plate structure.
Multi-color monolithic light-emitting diodes and methods for making the same
A process for producing a light emitting diode device, the process including: forming a plurality of quantum dots on a surface of a layer including a first area and a second area, the forming including: exposing the first area of the surface to light having a first wavelength while exposing the first area to a quantum dot forming environment that causes the quantum dots in the first area to form at a first growth rate while the quantum dots have a dimension less than a first threshold dimension; exposing the second area of the surface to light having a second wavelength while exposing the second area to the quantum dot forming environment that causes the quantum dots in the second area to form at a third growth rate while the quantum dots have a dimension less than a second threshold dimension; and processing the layer to form the LED device.
Cross talk reduction for high dynamic range image sensors
A multi-color HDR image sensor includes at least a first combination color pixel with a first color filter and an adjacent second combination color pixel with a second color filter which is different from the first color filter, wherein each combination color pixel includes at least two sub-pixels having at least two adjacent photodiodes. Within each combination color pixel, there is a dielectric deep trench isolation (d-DTI) structure to isolate the two adjacent photodiodes of the two adjacent sub-pixels with same color filters in order to prevent the electrical cross talk. Between two adjacent combination color pixels with different color filters, there is a hybrid deep trench isolation (h-DTI) structure to isolate two adjacent photodiodes of two adjacent sub-pixels with different color filters in order to prevent both optical and electrical cross talk. Each combination color pixel is enclosed on all sides by the hybrid deep trench isolation (h-DTI) structure.
High reliability housing for a semiconductor package
Implementations of semiconductor packages may include: a substrate coupled to one or more die and to one or more connectors, a glass lid coupled over one or more die by an adhesive and a housing comprising one or more sides and a bottom opening and a top opening. The substrate may be coupled to the housing at the bottom opening and the glass lid may be coupled under the housing at the top opening.
TFT substrate manufacturing method and TFT substrate
The invention provides a TFT substrate manufacturing method and TFT substrate. The TFT substrate manufacturing method first etches the gate insulation layer to form two first through-holes and forming two bridging metal blocks inside the two first through holes; then etches the interlayer dielectric layer to form two second through-holes connecting respectively the two first through-holes, the source and drain connecting the two bridging metal blocks respectively through the two second through-holes. By changing a conventional etching process into two etching process to form the through-hole structure on the gate insulation layer and interlayer dielectric layer, able to improve uniformity of the active layer, reduce process difficulty, avoid the problem of etching stopped due to higher etching thickness, and improve the product quality.
Array substrate and manufacturing method thereof, and display device
According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, a method for manufacturing the array substrate includes forming a first transparent conductive layer and a metallic layer successively on a base substrate, and forming a gate electrode, a source electrode, a drain electrode and a first transparent electrode by one patterning process.
Radio frequency switch having field effect transistor cells
An electronic component made up of field-effect transistor (FET) cells is disclosed. Each FET cell includes a finger region having drain, gate, and source fingers disposed over a semiconductor substrate. An isolation region extends across a first end of the finger region. An off-state linearization region abuts the first end of the isolation region. A doped well is disposed within the off-state linearization region over the semiconductor substrate. A dielectric layer is disposed over the doped region. A first conductive stripe is disposed over the dielectric layer in longitudinal alignment with the drain finger. A second conductive stripe is disposed over the dielectric layer in longitudinal alignment with the drain finger. A drain finger electrode is aligned over and coupled to both the drain finger and the first conductive stripe. A source finger electrode is aligned over and coupled to both the source finger and the second conductive stripe.
Semiconductor device and method for manufacturing same
According to the embodiment, a semiconductor device includes: a substrate; a stacked body provided on the substrate and including a plurality of electrode layers stacked with an insulator interposed; a semiconductor pillar provided on the substrate and in the stacked body; a semiconductor body provided in the stacked body; and an insulating film including a charge storage film provided between the plurality of electrode layers and the semiconductor body, and extending in the stacking direction. The semiconductor body includes a first portion and a second portion. The first portion is surrounded with the plurality of electrode layers and extends in a stacking direction of the stacked body. The second portion is in contact with an upper surface of the semiconductor pillar.
Mixed P/N MOS array layout and methods of forming the same
A semiconductor structure is disclosed that includes a p-channel metal-oxide semiconductor (PMOS) array having a first set of oxide diffusion layer (OD) structures, an n-channel metal-oxide semiconductor (NMOS) array having a second set of OD structures, and a dummy buffer zone surrounding the PMOS and NMOS arrays. The semiconductor structure has a uniform spacing between OD structures in the first and second sets of OD structures and between the PMOS and NMOS array, such that no dummy buffer zone is included between the PMOS array and the NMOS array.
Semiconductor integrated circuit device having a standard cell which includes a fin
Disclosed herein is a semiconductor integrated circuit device including a standard cell with a fin extending in a first direction. The fin and a gate line extending in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction and provided on the fin constitute an active transistor. The fin and a dummy gate line provided in parallel with the gate line constitute a dummy transistor. The active transistor shares a node as its source or drain with the dummy transistor.
Electrostatic discharge protection apparatus and applications thereof
An ESD protection apparatus includes a semiconductor substrate, a first gate structure, a first doping region, a second doping region and a third doping region. The semiconductor substrate has a doping well with a first conductivity one end of which is grounded. The first gate structure is disposed on the doping well. The first doping region having a second conductivity, is disposed in the doping well and adjacent to the first gate structure, and is electrically connected to a pad. The second doping region having the second conductivity is disposed in the doping well and adjacent to the first gate structure. The third doping region having the first conductivity is disposed in the doping well and forms a P/N junction interface with the second doping region, wherein the second doping region and the third doping region respectively have a doping concentration substantially greater than that of the doping well.
Method for manufacturing semiconductor device, semiconductor mounting device, and memory device manufactured by method for manufacturing semiconductor device
A method for manufacturing a semiconductor device includes laminating a plurality of semiconductor wafers via an adhesive, heating such that the adhesive reaches a specific viscosity, and pressing the semiconductor wafers under a provisional pressure bonding load such that a gap between solder of through-electrodes provided to chip parts and through-electrodes of an adjacent semiconductor wafer falls within a specific range that is greater than zero, to produce a provisional pressure-bonded laminate; cutting the provisional pressure-bonded laminate with a cutter to produce a provisional pressure-bonded laminate chip part; and heating the provisional pressure-bonded laminate chip part to at least curing temperature of the adhesive and at least melting point of the solder, and pressing the provisional pressure-bonded laminate chip part under a main pressure bonding load to produce a main pressure-bonded laminate chip part such that the solder comes into contact with the through-electrodes of adjacent chip parts.
Method of manufacturing light-emitting device
A method of manufacturing a light-emitting device incudes providing a supporting member having a recess; disposing a light-emitting element at a bottom surface of the recess; disposing a first light-reflecting resin at the bottom surface of the recess; disposing a second light-reflecting resin in the recess, a viscosity of the second light-reflecting resin being higher than a viscosity of the first light-reflecting resin; and curing the first light-reflecting resin and the second light-reflecting resin to form a light-reflecting wall.
Electronic package and fabrication method thereof
An electronic package is provided, including: a substrate having opposite first and second surfaces; at least a first electronic element disposed on the first surface of the substrate; a first encapsulant encapsulating the first electronic element; at least a second electronic element and a frame disposed on the second surface of the substrate; and a second encapsulant encapsulating the second electronic element. By disposing the first and second electronic elements on the first and second surfaces of the substrate, respectively, the invention allows a required number of electronic elements to be mounted on the substrate without the need to increase the surface area of the substrate. Since the volume of the electronic package does not increase, the electronic package meets the miniaturization requirement. The present invention further provides a method for fabricating the electronic package.
Semiconductor sensor package
A package packaged with a cap. The package features trenches, through holes, and a non-conductive coupling element forming a locking mechanism integrated embedded or integrated within a substrate. The package has a cap coupled to the non-conductive coupling element through ultrasonic plastic welding. The package protects the dice from an outside environment or external stresses or both. A method is desired to form package to reduce glue overflow defects in the package. Fabrication of the package comprises drilling holes in a substrate; forming trenches in the substrate; forming a non-conductive coupling element in the through holes and the trenches to form a locking mechanism; allowing the non-conductive coupling element to harden and cure; coupling a die or dice to the substrate; and coupling a cap to the non-conductive coupling element to protect the die or dice from an outside environment or external stresses or both.
A semiconductor structure including an insulating encapsulant, a first semiconductor die, a second semiconductor die and a redistribution circuit layer is provided. The first and the second semiconductor dies embedded in the insulating encapsulant and separated from one another. The first semiconductor die includes a first active surface accessibly exposed and a first conductive terminal distributed at the first active surface. The second semiconductor die includes a second active surface accessibly exposed and a second conductive terminal distributed at the second active surface. The redistribution circuit layer including a conductive trace is disposed on the first and the second active surfaces and the insulating encapsulant. The conductive trace is electrically connected from the first semiconductor die and meanderingly extends to the second semiconductor die, and a ratio of a total length of the conductive trace to the top width of the insulating encapsulant ranges from about 3 to about 10.
A method of making a microelectronic package includes bonding a conductive structure to a carrier so that the conductive structure overlies a rear surface of a microelectronic element disposed on the carrier and an exposed top surface of the carrier. The conductive structure may be a monolithic structure having a base and a plurality of interconnections extending continuously away from the base toward the carrier. The plurality of interconnections may have free ends that overlie the carrier. The microelectronic element may be positioned between at least two adjacent interconnections of the plurality of interconnections. The plurality of interconnections and the microelectronic element may be encapsulated with an encapsulant. The carrier may be removed to expose the free ends of the interconnections and bond pads of the microelectronic element. The free ends of the interconnections and the bond pads of the microelectronic element may be conductively connected with the terminals of the microelectronic package. The conductive structure may be patterned to form external contacts. At least some of the external contacts may overlie the microelectronic element.
Camera module, imaging apparatus, and electronic instrument
The present technology relates to a camera module capable of reducing the number of steps in the manufacturing process and reducing a black spot failure, a method for manufacturing the camera module, an imaging apparatus, and an electronic instrument. A frame and the rigid flexible substrate are adhered to each other by adhesive formed of thermosetting resin applied on an abutment surface excluding a portion of a range including a bonding section with the FPC drawer unit, thereby forming a vent hole in a site where adhesive has not been applied. At this time, the air of the space between the frame and the rigid flexible substrate is expanded by the heat and discharged from the vent hole. Subsequently, after adhesion is performed with thermosetting resin, reinforcement resin that reinforces the bonding section between the rigid flexible substrate and the FPC drawer unit or that reinforces the bonding section between the rigid flexible substrate and the frame is applied so as to close a portion of the range on which the adhesive has not been applied. This enables omitting the process of closing the vent hole. The present technology can be applied to a camera module.
Three-dimensional memory device having L-shaped word lines and methods of making the same
A three-dimensional memory device includes an alternating stack of L-shaped insulating layers and L-shaped electrically conductive layers located over a top surface of a substrate, such that each of the L-shaped insulating layers and the L-shaped electrically conductive layers includes a respective horizontally-extending portion and a respective non-horizontally-extending portion, memory stack structures extending through a memory array region of the alternating stack that includes the horizontally-extending portions of the L-shaped electrically conductive layers, such that each of the memory stack structures includes a memory film and a vertical semiconductor channel, dielectric spacers non-horizontally extending between neighboring pairs of a non-horizontally-extending portion of an L-shaped insulating layer and a non-horizontally-extending portion of an L-shaped electrically conductive layer, and contact via structures that contact a respective one of the non-horizontally-extending portions of the L-shaped electrically conductive layers.
Through via structure and manufacturing method thereof
A through via structure includes a conductive wiring, at least one dielectric layer over the conductive wiring, a via hole in the at least one dielectric layer and exposing the conductive wiring, and a conductive via in the via hole. The conductive via includes a conductive barrier layer in a bottom portion of the via hole, and a conductive layer in a top portion of the via hole.
Substrate and method for fabrication thereof
A substrate and method of fabrication is disclosed. In one example, the substrate includes a first dielectric layer, a first and a second conductive trace arranged over the first dielectric layer and a second dielectric layer arranged between the first and second conductive traces and partially covering the first and second conductive traces, wherein an exposed part of the first and second conductive traces is exposed from the second dielectric layer at an interface and wherein a shape of the interface between the first and second conductive traces includes one or more of an angle, an edge, a curvature, a bulge, a step and an indentation.
Semiconductor substrate mitigating bridging
A semiconductor substrate and a manufacturing method thereof are provided. The semiconductor substrate includes a dielectric layer, a circuit layer, a first protection layer and a plurality of conductive posts. The dielectric layer has a first surface and a second surface that are opposite to each other. The circuit layer is embedded in the dielectric layer and is exposed from the first surface. The first protection layer covers a portion of the first circuit layer and defines a plurality of holes that expose a remaining portion of the first circuit layer. The conductive posts are formed in the holes.
Package substrate and method of manufacturing package substrate
A package substrate includes a substrate, a first connection terminal mounted over the substrate, the first connection terminal including a first land and a second land on the substrate, a first solder resist surrounding the first land and the second land, and a first solder ball formed straddling the first land and the second land; and a second connection terminal which is mounted over the substrate and disposed adjacent to the first connection terminal, the second connection terminal including a third land and a fourth land on the substrate, a second solder resist surrounding the third land and the fourth land, and a second solder ball formed straddling the third land and the fourth land.
Lead frame assembly
A leadframe assembly includes a leadframe having a die attach pad and a first plurality of leads. A first generally sine wave-shaped wire having a first end and a second end has a first end of thereof attached to a first one of the first plurality of leads and the second end thereof attached to a second one of the first plurality of leads. A method of making a leadframe assembly includes forming an inductor on a leadframe by bending a first wire into a generally sine wave-shaped configuration and attaching the first wire to a first set of leads of the leadframe.
Method for the formation of transistors PDSO1 and FDSO1 on a same substrate
The present invention relates to a method for forming an electronic device intended to accommodate at least one fully depleted transistor of the FDSOI type and at least one partially depleted transistor of the PDSOI type, from a stack of layers (10) comprising at least one insulating layer (100) topped with at least one active layer (200) made of a semiconductor material, the method comprising at least one step of dry etching and one step of height adjustment between at least two etched elements.
Devices with chamfer-less vias multi-patterning and methods for forming chamfer-less vias
Semiconductor devices and methods of fabricating the semiconductor devices with chamfer-less via multi-patterning are disclosed. One method includes, for instance: obtaining an intermediate semiconductor device; performing a trench etch into a portion of the intermediate semiconductor device to form a trench pattern; depositing an etching stack; performing at least one via patterning process; and forming at least one via opening into a portion of the intermediate semiconductor device. An intermediate semiconductor device is also disclosed.
Substrate position alignment device and control method of substrate position alignment device
A substrate position alignment device includes a plurality of rotary tables which hold a plurality of substrates to be vertically spaced apart from each other, a rotation drive device which synchronously rotates the plurality of rotary tables, a plurality of support elements which support the substrate on the rotary table, support element drive members which independently and horizontally move the plurality of support elements between inward positions and outward positions, and up-down devices which move up and down the plurality of support element drive members. The substrate position alignment device operates the rotation drive device, the support element drive members and the up-down device based on the positions of notches of the substrate, to align the notches of the plurality of substrates with a reference rotational angle position.
3D IC bump height metrology APC
In some embodiments, the present disclosure relates to a method of bump metrology The method is performed by forming a through-substrate-via within a substrate, forming a plurality of metal interconnect layers within a dielectric structure over the substrate, and forming a bump on the plurality of metal interconnect layers. One or more substrate warpage parameters of the substrate are measured and an initial position of a lens within a substrate metrology module is calculated based upon the one or more substrate warpage parameters. The lens is then moved to the initial position, and a height and a width of the bump are measured using the substrate metrology module after moving the lens to the initial position.
Indicator used in electronic device manufacturing apparatus and method for designing and/or managing the apparatus
Provided is an indicator that can easily detect whether treatment with at least one member of plasma, ozone, ultraviolet rays, and radical-containing gas is uniformly performed on an entire substrate in an electronic device manufacturing apparatus; also provided is a method for designing and/or managing an electronic device manufacturing apparatus using the indicator. The indicator is used in an electronic device manufacturing apparatus, wherein (1) the indicator detects at least one member selected from the group consisting of plasma, ozone, ultraviolet rays, and radical-containing gas, (2) the indicator has a shape that is the same as that of a substrate used in the electronic device manufacturing apparatus, (3) the indicator contains a color-changing layer, and (4) the color-changing layer is formed by an ink composition whose color changes or disappears by reaction with at least one member selected from the group consisting of plasma, ozone, ultraviolet rays, and radical-containing gas.
Method for fabricating a carrier-less silicon interposer
An insulating second element is provided and overlies a surface of a first element which consists essentially of a material having a CTE of less than 10 ppm/° C. and has a first thickness in a first direction normal to the surface. Openings extend in the first direction through the second element. The first element is abraded to produce a thinned first element having a second thickness less than the first thickness. Conductive elements are formed at a first side of the interposer coincident with or adjacent to a surface of the thinned first element remote from the second element. A conductive structure extends through the openings in the second element, wherein the conductive elements are electrically connected with terminals of the interposer through the conductive structure, and the terminals are disposed at a second side of the interposer opposite from the first side.
Thermal processing apparatus
An optical system that is able to reliably deliver a uniform amount of energy across an anneal region contained on a surface of a substrate. The optical system is adapted to deliver, or project, a uniform amount of energy having a desired two-dimensional shape on a desired region on the surface of the substrate. An energy source for the optical system is typically a plurality of lasers, which are combined to form the energy field.
Light irradiation type heat treatment method and heat treatment apparatus
A metal film is deposited on a front surface of a semiconductor wafer of silicon. After the semiconductor wafer is received in a chamber, the pressure in the chamber is reduced to a pressure lower than atmospheric pressure. Thereafter, nitrogen gas is supplied into the chamber to return the pressure in the chamber to ordinary pressure, and the front surface of the semiconductor wafer is irradiated with a flash of light, so that a silicide that is a compound of the metal film and silicon is formed. The oxygen concentration in the chamber is significantly lowered during the formation of the silicide because the pressure in the chamber is reduced once to the pressure lower than atmospheric pressure and then returned to the ordinary pressure. This suppresses the increase in resistance of the silicide resulting from the entry of oxygen in the atmosphere in the chamber into defects near the interface between the metal film and a base material.
Method for manufacturing a semiconductor device
A method for manufacturing a semiconductor device includes: forming a first patterned target layer on a substrate having a first region and a second region, the first patterned target layer having first openings along a first direction in the first region; forming a patterned hard mask layer over the first patterned target layer and having first recesses along a second direction in the first region and second recesses along the first direction in the second region; forming a patterned photoresist layer over the patterned hard mask layer and having stripe structures along the second direction in the first region and block structures along the first direction in the second region; and etching the patterned photoresist layer, patterned hard mask layer, and first patterned target layer to form a second patterned target layer.
Method for manufacturing a wafer of semiconducting material based on a group 13 element nitride
A method for manufacturing a semi-conducting material including a layer of nitride of a group 13 element comprising active areas for manufacturing electronic components, and inactive areas, the active and inactive areas extending on a front face of the layer of nitride, the method comprising steps consisting of: using a mask comprising a plurality of apertures each defining an active area pattern on the initial substrate, growing the layer of nitride, receiving a theoretical pattern pitch corresponding to a desired distance between two adjacent active area patterns on the front face of the layer of nitride, calculating at least one mask pitch different from the theoretical pattern pitch for compensating shifts in the active area patterns, the mask pitch corresponding to a distance between two adjacent apertures of the protective mask.
Strain-control heterostructure growth
A solution for fabricating a group III nitride heterostructure and/or a corresponding device is provided. The heterostructure can include a nucleation layer, which can be grown on a lattice mismatched substrate using a set of nucleation layer growth parameters. An aluminum nitride layer can be grown on the nucleation layer using a set of aluminum nitride layer growth parameters. The respective growth parameters can be configured to result in a target type and level of strain in the aluminum nitride layer that is conducive for growth of additional heterostructure layers resulting in strains and strain energies not exceeding threshold values which can cause relaxation and/or dislocation formation.
Mass calibration kit and calibration method for low-mass region of high-resolution mass spectrometer in negative ion mode
A mass calibration kit and a calibration method for a low-mass area of a high-resolution mass spectrometer in negative ion mode. The mass calibration kit comprises semiconductor nanometer material suspension, a free fatty acid standard solution and a MALDI sample target cleaning liquid. The mass calibration method comprises: adjusting a voltage difference between a sample target of the mass spectrometer and a slit to be 20 V; dripping the semiconductor nanometer material suspension on the surface of the sample target till a solvent is completely volatilized and dried; dripping the free fatty acid standard solution on the surface of a semiconductor nanometer material till the solvent is completely volatilized and dried; and putting the sample target in the mass spectrometer for mass calibration, wherein calibration coefficients obtained after the instrument calibration can be used for correcting a sample mass spectrometric detection result. The calibration kit can effectively correct a low-mass area of a MALDI mass spectrometer in negative ion mode; mass spectrum signals are free of background interference; accurate measurement of the mass of a small molecule compound can be realized; and a relative error is less than 6 ppm.
End block arrangement and socket arrangement
According to various embodiments, a socket arrangement for holding an end block on a process chamber may include the following: a first socket element with a first fastening arrangement for fastening the first socket element on a process chamber wall and with a second fastening arrangement; and a second socket element with a third fastening arrangement, for fastening the second socket element on the first socket element and with a fourth fastening arrangement for fastening an end block on the second socket element; wherein the second fastening arrangement of the first socket element and the third fastening arrangement of the second socket element may be formed for engaging in one another with play in such a way that the second socket element may be deflectable in relation to the first socket element.
Crossed field device
A crossed field device for generating electromagnetic emissions includes an anode having a first slow-wave structure having a plurality of first vanes separated by cavities formed therebetween and a second slow-wave structure having a plurality of second vanes separated by cavities formed therebetween. At least one of the first vanes is laterally aligned with one of the second vanes. The first vanes are offset from the second vanes by an offset distance so that at least one of the first vanes is not laterally aligned with a second vane and at least one of the second vanes is not laterally aligned with a first vane. The device further includes a cathode disposed in a space located between first and second vanes. A magnetic element generates a magnetic field (B), which is oriented orthogonally to an electric field (E) formed by the anode and cathode to generate EM emissions.
Network transformer primary disconnect assembly
A housing assembly for a network transformer primary disconnect assembly is provided. The housing assembly includes a visible break assembly and a number of sidewalls defining an enclosed space. The visible break assembly includes a number of viewing windows in at least one sidewall. The viewing windows are aligned with one of a contact assembly interface or a movable contact assembly distal end in the open, first position.
Self-aligning actuator for door-operated switch
An actuator system for operating a switch is described herein. The actuator system can include a shaft of a handle assembly. The shaft couples to a handle and a male coupling element and has a number of positions. Further, a coupling body of a switch assembly can be positioned in the number of positions. The coupling body engages the switch and has a female coupling element, which has a slotted portion that receives the male coupling element and an angled terminus that aligns the shaft to a first position as the shaft couples to the coupling body. The slotted portion receives and engages the male coupling element when the shaft is coupled to the coupling body. The slotted portion prevents the male coupling element from disengaging when the coupling body is in a second position, and disengages the male coupling element when the coupling body is in the first position.
Solid electrolytic capacitor
A solid electrolytic capacitor includes a capacitor element and a plated layer. The capacitor element has a predetermined surface and outer peripheral surface other than the predetermined surface. The capacitor element includes an anode body, an anode lead wire and a cathode layer. The predetermined surface is perpendicular to a predetermined direction. The anode lead wire extends from the anode body along the predetermined direction through the predetermined surface. The cathode layer includes a solid electrolyte layer and forms the outer peripheral surface and a part of the predetermined surface. The plated layer completely covers the outer peripheral surface and the part of the predetermined surface.
Multilayer electronic component having first and second internal elctrode patterns alternately stacked, and method of manufacturing the same
A multilayer electronic component includes a body, first and second external electrodes, and first and second side parts. The body includes a multilayer structure in which first and second internal electrode patterns are alternately stacked and contains a dielectric material. The first and second side parts are disposed on outer surfaces of the body to face each other. The first and second external electrodes are disposed on outer surfaces of the body to face each other. The first internal electrode patterns are exposed to a third surface and a fifth surface of the body on which the first external electrode and the first side part are disposed, respectively. Additionally, the second internal electrode patterns are exposed to a fourth surface and a sixth surface of the body on which the second external electrode and the second side part are disposed, respectively.
Production method for rare earth permanent magnet
A production method for a rare earth permanent magnet, wherein: a sintered magnet body comprising an R1—Fe—B composition (R1 represents one or more elements selected from among rare earth elements, including Y and Sc) is immersed in an electrodeposition liquid obtained by dispersing a powder containing an R2 oxyfluoride and/or an R3 hydride (R2 and R3 represent one or more elements selected from among rare earth elements, including Y and Sc) in a solvent; an electrodeposition process is used to coat the powder onto the surface of the sintered magnet body; and, in the state in which the powder is present on the surface of the magnet body, the magnet body and the powder are subjected to a heat treatment in a vacuum or an inert gas at a temperature equal to or less than the sintering temperature of the magnet.
High-density, folded electromagnetic coil
In accordance with one embodiment, a High-Density, Folded Electromagnetic Coil comprises a plurality of wire spirals that are folded into substantially semicircles, stacked against each other, and have a common centerline to form a substantially high-density, electromagnetic coil. The wire spirals are electrically connected such that electric current flows through each wire spiral in series and in the same direction through each wire spiral.
In an electronic component, a primary coil is electrically connected between a first outer electrode and a fourth outer electrode, a secondary coil is electrically connected between a second outer electrode and a fifth outer electrode, a tertiary coil is electrically connected between a third outer electrode and a sixth outer electrode, and a first inter-layer connection conductor, a second inter-layer connection conductor, and a third inter-layer connection conductor are electrically connected to the end portions at an inner side of a first coil conductor layer, a second coil conductor layer, and a third coil conductor layer, respectively. The first inter-layer connection conductor, the second inter-layer connection conductor, and the third inter-layer connection conductor are not positioned at one side of a second perpendicular direction, compared with a magnetic core, when viewed from a laminating direction.
Reversing linear solenoid
A reversing linear solenoid polarized in a permanent magnetic manner having a first and second end stroke position as well as at least one armature, wherein it has a spring system or is operated at such a spring system which exerts a force in the direction of the center stroke position on the armature or armatures in the end stroke position(s). The spring system and the reversing linear solenoid are coordinated with one another such that the armature or armatures are held in a permanent magnetic manner against the spring force in both end stroke positions. The spring system is configured such that the potential energy (elastically) stored by movement of the armature or armatures into its/their end stroke movements is of equal magnitude. If external restoring forces caused by the application are present, they must be taken into account in the design of the spring system.
Apparatus for magnetostrictive sensor for guided-wave-based inspection, and its associated system and method
An apparatus for a magnetostrictive sensor for guided-wave-based inspection includes a flexible body with a conductor arranged to receive an alternating current for generating a magnetic field. During operation, the flexible body is arranged to be attached to an object to be inspected in such a way that a first part of the conductor arranged to generate a magnetic field parallel to a longitudinal direction of the object is arranged to surround the object and a second part of the conductor arranged to generate a magnetic field perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the object is disposed away from the object.
Resistor element, method of manufacturing the same, and resistor element assembly
A resistor element includes a first terminal and a second terminal disposed on opposite end portions of a base substrate, respectively. A first resistance layer is connected to the first terminal and formed of a thick film resistor, and a second resistance layer is connected to the first resistance layer and the second terminal and is formed of a thin film resistor.
Tape dispensing tool
A tape dispensing tool includes a hub, a fixed holder arm, and an adjustable holder arm. The hub extends through a core of a roll of tape. The fixed holder arm extends from the hub along a first side of the roll of tape and has a fixed orientation relative to the hub. The fixed holder arm includes a first cradle configured to receive a cable bundle therein. The adjustable holder arm extends from the hub along an opposite, second side of the roll of tape. The adjustable holder arm includes a second cradle configured to receive the cable bundle therein. The adjustable holder arm has an adjustable position relative to the hub and the fixed holder arm to select an angular position of the second cradle relative to the first cradle for setting an overlap amount as the tape is applied to the cable bundle.
High reliability power cables for subsea application
A power cable for an electric submersible pump (ESP) includes an electrical conductor in the power cable; an elastomeric insulation layer around the electrical conductor; a fluoroplastic barrier layer around the elastomeric insulation layer; and a bonding layer between the elastomeric insulation layer and the fluoroplastic barrier layer, the bonding layer formulated to prevent a dielectric breakdown of the power cable and a rapid gas decompression breakdown of the power cable.
A medical and/or clinical report includes one or more links to various external (and/or internal) data sources and/or systems that include information relevant to the medical report. In an embodiment, a medical report may be in a PDF format and include links to images associated with the exam, information regarding the patient, a scheduling application useful to schedule additional procedures for the patient, and/or any other information associated with the patient or exam. The medical report, including various links, may be generated based on information received from external medical data systems. For example, a medical report from an external system may be updated to include various links to systems and sources of data related to the medical report, as described herein.
Shift register and display device
The shift register includes first to fourth flip-flops. A first clock signal which is in a first voltage state in a first period and in a second voltage state in second to fourth periods is input to the first flip-flop. A second clock signal which is in the first voltage state in the second period and in the second voltage state in the third period and the fourth period is input to the second flip-flop. A third clock signal which is in the second voltage state in the first, second, and fourth periods and in the first voltage state in the third period is input to the third flip-flop. A fourth clock signal which is in the second voltage state in the first and second periods and in the first voltage state in the fourth period is input to the fourth flip-flop.
A sense amplifier for reading a via Read-Only Memory (Via-ROM) is provided. The sense amplifier includes a read circuit, an adaptive keeper circuit and a leakage monitor circuit. The read circuit is connected to the via-ROM. The adaptive keeper circuit is connected to the read circuit. The leakage monitor circuit is connected to the adaptive keeper circuit for forming a current mirror, such that the adaptive keeper circuit compensates a read voltage of a memory cell whose via is opened when a bit-line leakage is happened.
Flash memory counter
A method of updating a counter in a flash memory includes a first phase where a set of values capable of being taken by the counter are programmed in at least one page of the flash memory. A second phase of updating the counter programs a state zero in the flash memory each time the counter is incremented/decremented.
Memory control circuit and method thereof
This invention discloses a memory control circuit and a method thereof. The memory control method includes the steps of: transmitting a first clock to a serial peripheral interface (SPI) NOR flash memory; transmitting a read instruction to the SPI NOR flash memory; waiting for a read waiting time period, which is associated with a specification of the SPI NOR flash memory and a cycle of the first clock; waiting for a delay time period, which is associated with a delay setting value and a cycle of a second clock different from the first clock; receiving read data returned from the SPI NOR flash memory; and adjusting the delay time period according to whether the read data are correct or not. This invention improves the stability of read operation of the SPI NOR flash memory and has advantages of simple circuit and flexible adjustment.
Nonvolatile memory cross-bar array
Provided in one example is a nonvolatile memory cross-bar array. The array includes: a number of junctions formed by a number of row lines intersecting a number of column lines; a first set of controls at a first set of the junctions coupling between a first set of the row lines and a first set of the column lines; a second set of controls at a second set of the junctions coupling between a second set of the row lines and a second set of the column lines; and a current collection line to collect currents from the controls of the first set and the second set through their respective column lines and output a result current corresponding to a sum of a first dot product and a second dot product.
Memory device comprising resistance change material and method for driving the same
A resistive memory element or device includes: a first, main, memory cell area including a plurality of first resistive memory cells; and a second, buffer, memory cell area including a plurality of second resistive memory cells. The first resistive memory cells of the main memory cell area are configured to store data therein, and the second resistive memory cells of the buffer memory cell area are configured to temporarily store portions of the data therein for at least a stabilization time period while the portions of the data stabilize in the main memory cell area.
Semiconductor device, adjustment method thereof and data processing system
A method includes resetting an output timing adjustment circuit in each of a plurality of DRAM devices to a default output timing data value, measuring a default delay from read command to read data for each of the plurality of DRAM devices, identifying a slowest DRAM device having a maximum default delay from read command to read data among the plurality of DRAM devices, writing an output timing data value to the output timing adjustment circuit in each of the plurality of DRAM devices to set the delay from read command to read data for each respective DRAM device to an amount substantially equal to the maximum default delay, and reading data from any one of the plurality of DRAM devices with a delay from read command to read data substantially equal to the maximum default delay.
Semiconductor devices and operations thereof
A semiconductor device may be provided. The semiconductor device may include a power-down signal generation circuit and a refresh signal generation circuit. The power-down signal generation circuit may be configured to generate a power-down signal which is enabled during a power-down operation period based on a multi-operation signal that is generated by decoding commands. The refresh signal generation circuit may be configured to generate a refresh signal which is enabled during a refresh operation period based on the multi-operation signal and an operation selection signal.
Memory device write circuitry
Devices and methods include, for a memory device, generating a main input-output line signal on a main input-output line using driving circuitry. The main input-output line is coupled to multiple sensing amplifiers. Each of the sensing amplifiers each locally generate a local data line from the main data line. Each of the sensing amplifiers also includes multiple local sensing amplifiers that are selectively coupled to the generated local data line for overwriting data in the respective local sensing amplifiers.
Electronic device and control method with instruction units based on a number of power supply off operations
An electronic device includes a storage device and a plurality of instruction units. The plurality of instruction units respectively instruct to turn off a power supply of the storage device. At least one instruction unit among the plurality of instruction units instructs to turn off power supply to the storage device in accordance with a total of the number of power supply off operations for the storage device respectively instructed by the plurality of instruction units.
Smartphone-based methods and systems
Arrangements involving portable devices (e.g., smartphones and tablet computers) are disclosed. One arrangement enables a content creator to select software with which that creator's content should be rendered—assuring continuity between artistic intention and delivery. Another utilizes a device camera to identify nearby subjects, and take actions based thereon. Others rely on near field chip (RFID) identification of objects, or on identification of audio streams (e.g., music, voice). Some technologies concern improvements to the user interfaces associated with such devices. Others involve use of these devices in connection with shopping, text entry, sign language interpretation, and vision-based discovery. Still other improvements are architectural in nature, e.g., relating to evidence-based state machines, and blackboard systems. Yet other technologies concern use of linked data in portable devices—some of which exploit GPU capabilities. Still other technologies concern computational photography. A great variety of other features and arrangements are also detailed.
Multimedia visual progress indication system
A multimedia visual progress indication system that provides a cache bar that is overlaid onto the program material or displayed on a dedicated display. A cache bar indicates the length of a recording session or the length of stored program material and expands to the right when material is being recorded. Index and/or bookmark indicators are displayed next to the cache bar. A position indicator moves within the cache bar and tells the user visually where his current position is within the program material. Numeric time or counter mark of the current position is displayed in the vicinity of the cache bar. The trick play bar and its associated components are displayed for a predetermined time period.
Spin-orbit torque based magnetic recording
The present disclosure generally relates to data storage devices, and more specifically, to a magnetic media drive employing a magnetic recording head. The head includes a main pole, a spin Hall structure surrounding at least a portion of the main pole at a location that is recessed from a media facing surface (MFS), and a spin-torque structure surrounding at least a portion of the main pole at the MFS. Spin-orbit torque (SOT) is generated from the spin Hall structure. The spin-torque structure magnetization switching (or precession) is induced by the SOT. The SOT based head with the spin-torque structure increases both track density (tracks per inch) and linear density (bit per inch). The areal density capability (ADC), which is the product of tracks per inch and bit per inch, can be further improved by removing the side shield and the leading shield, when the spin-torque structure is utilized in the SOT based head.
Audio-visual speech recognition with scattering operators
Aspects described herein are directed towards methods, computing devices, systems, and computer-readable media that apply scattering operations to extracted visual features of audiovisual input to generate predictions regarding the speech status of a subject. Visual scattering coefficients generated according to one or more aspects described herein may be used as input to a neural network operative to generate the predictions regarding the speech status of the subject. Predictions generated based on the visual features may be combined with predictions based on audio input associated with the visual features. In some embodiments, the extracted visual features may be combined with the audio input to generate a combined feature vector for use in generating predictions.
Multi-user, multi-domain dialog system
A dialog system for use in a multi-user, multi-domain environment. The dialog system understands user requests when multiple users are interacting with each other as well as the dialog system. The dialog system uses multi-human conversational context to improve domain detection. Using interactions between multiple users allows the dialog system to better interpret machine directed conversational inputs in multi-user conversational systems. The dialog system employs topic segmentation to chunk conversations for determining context boundaries. Using general topic segmentation methods, as well as the specific domain detector trained with conversational inputs collected by a single user system, allows the dialog system to better determine the relevant context. The use of conversational context helps reduce the domain detection error rate, especially in certain domains, and allows for better interactions with users when the machine addressed turns are not recognized or are ambiguous.
Computer-implemented method and apparatus for generating grapheme-to-phoneme model
A method and an apparatus for generating a g2p model based on AI are provided. The method includes: during performing a grapheme-to-phoneme conversion training by a neural network on each word in training data, screening nodes in a hidden layer of the neural network randomly according to a preset node ratio so as to obtain retaining nodes for training each word; training each word with a sub-neural network corresponding to the retaining nodes and updating a weight of each retaining node of the sub-neural network; and performing a mean processing on the weights of the retaining nodes of respective sub-neural networks, so as to generate the grapheme-to-phoneme model.
Method and apparatus for voice recognition unit simulation
An apparatus and method apparatus and/or computer software to automate testing of a voice self service platform. In its software embodiment, the present invention comprises software that runs on the windows platform to simulate all the components of an Interactive Voice Recognition Unit (VRU). In addition this embodiment can also be used as a helper unit to test individual components of an interactive voice recognition (IVR).
Portable electronic device directed audio targeted multiple user system and method
A computationally implemented system and method that is designed to, but is not limited to: electronically modulating two or more acoustic ultrasonic signals according to output information to be transmitted as two or more acoustic ultrasonic signals from two or more portable electronic device emitters of a portable electronic device; and electronically projecting said two or more acoustic ultrasonic signals from said portable electronic device emitters to produce a first set of one or more acoustic audio signals from a first set of said two or more acoustic ultrasonic signals at a first location and to produce a second set of one or more second acoustic audio signals from of a second set of said two or more acoustic ultrasonic signals at a second location. In addition to the foregoing, other method aspects are described in the claims, drawings, and text forming a part of the present disclosure.
Electronic percussion instrument
There is provided an electronic percussion instrument including a struck surface and strike sensors. The strike sensors include a central sensor; a plurality of peripheral sensors; a first position calculation device configured to, when an initial half wave of a strike waveform of the central sensor is detected within a first predetermined time after the central sensor detects a strike, calculate a first strike position from the central sensor based on the initial half wave; a second position calculation device configured to calculate a second strike position based on a difference in strike detection by the plurality of peripheral sensors; and a sound production instruction device configured to instruct production of a striking sound based on the first and second strike positions respectively calculated by the first and second position calculation devices.
Acoustic system, communication device, and program
An acoustic system comprises an output unit, a communication unit, a first output control unit, and a second output control unit. The output unit is configured to be capable of outputting a sound and an image. The communication unit is configured to be capable of communicating with an external device. The first output control unit is configured to receive, from a communication device that transmits a reproduction signal for acoustic data, the reproduction signal via the communication unit and to cause the output unit to output a sound based on the reproduction signal, to thereby perform reproduction of a series of sounds represented by the acoustic data. The second output control unit is configured to cause the output unit to output, as the image, a word corresponding to the sound outputted by the output unit among the series of sounds represented by the acoustic data.
Electronic device control method and electronic device
An electronic device control method and system are provided. The method includes: receiving, by a first electronic device, a trigger event performed on a display content displayed by the first electronic device, wherein the first electronic device is a mirror device of a mirror system; generating, by the first electronic device, control information according to the trigger event; sending, by the first electronic device, the control information to a second electronic device, wherein the second electronic device is a source device of the mirror system; identifying, by the second electronic device, a target object according to the control information; and performing, by the second electronic device, an operation on the target object.
Shift register circuit with two discharging modules
A shift register circuit is disclosed. The shift register circuit includes a first gate driving module, a second gate driving module, a first discharging module, and a second discharging module. The first gate driving module has a first node and a first output terminal. The second gate driving module has a second node and a second output terminal. The first discharging module is coupled to the first node, the second node, and the first output terminal respectively. The second discharging module is coupled to the second node, the first node, and the second output terminal respectively. Both the first discharging module and the second discharging module include ten transistors respectively.
Drive method of liquid crystal display panel
The present invention provides a drive method of a liquid crystal display panel, in which the counter (21), and the pulse modulation module (22) are located in the sequence controller (2), and the counter (21) in the sequence controller (2) pluses 1 as the sequence controller (2) outputs the display data of each row, and as the counter (21) in the sequence controller (2) pluses to i×M/N, the pulse modulation module (22) in the sequence controller (2) sends one pulse control signal (CS) to the i+1th gate drive IC correspondingly driving the i+1th pixel display region (Zone(i+1)) to control the i+1th gate drive IC (GD(i+1)) to output the target TFT activation voltage corresponding to the i+1th gate drive IC (GD(i+1)) after the internal calculation and the conversion, and thus the TFT activation voltage can be dynamically adjusted in real time.
Generating digital content overlays in relation to real-world objects via a display case with a multi-layered transmissive display
The present disclosure includes systems, methods, computer readable media, and devices that can generate and present a digital overlay over a view of a tangible object within a display case. In particular, the systems and methods described herein can synchronize a switchable diffuser element with a display screen and one or more light sources to alternate between a scatter state and a transparent state based on a display rate. In particular, the disclosed systems and methods can alternate the display screen between an emissive state (for displaying an emitted digital image) and an attenuating state (for displaying a transparency mask image). By synchronously toggling the display screen and the diffuser element between states, the disclosed systems can present a digital overlay superimposed over a view the inside of the display case.
Semiconductor device and display panel comprising pixel having plurality of display elements
A display panel includes a first display element, a first conductive film electrically connected to the first display element, a second conductive film including a region overlapping with the first conductive film, an insulating film including a region sandwiched between the second conductive film and the first conductive film, a pixel circuit electrically connected to the second conductive film, a second display element electrically connected to the pixel circuit, and a third display element electrically connected to the pixel circuit. In the structure, the insulating film has an opening, and the second conductive film is electrically connected to the first conductive film through the opening.
Display apparatus and method for driving the same
A display apparatus includes: a backlight to generate light; a display panel to display an image by utilizing the light; a driving part to provide image signals corresponding to the image to the display panel; and a timing controller to drive the backlight, to drive the driving part at a first frequency when the image is a moving image, and to drive the driving part at a second frequency lower than the first frequency when the image is a still image. The timing controller is to set the second frequency based on a value obtained by applying a reduction rate of a flicker index corresponding to a dimming index of the backlight to a flicker index of image signals of a previous frame.
A light-emitting device in which variation in luminance among pixels is suppressed. The light-emitting device includes a pixel; a first circuit configured to generate a signal containing information on a value of current extracted from the pixel; and a second circuit configured to correct an image signal in accordance with the signal. The pixel includes a light-emitting element; a transistor for controlling supply of the current to the light-emitting element in accordance with the image signal; a first switch configured to control connection between a gate and a drain of the transistor or between the gate of the transistor and a wiring; and a second switch configured to control extraction of the current from the pixel.
Compensation for color variations in emissive devices
What is disclosed are methods and systems for color compensation in the context of emissive displays. A set of virtual sub-pixels are defined and color points allocated for the various types of virtual sub-pixels to enable color processing within a modified color gamut, shifting the color of pixels to the modified color gamut to improve a perceived quality color rendered by the display.
Shift register and display device including the same
A shift register and a display device including the same are provided. The shift register includes a first stage sequentially outputting a gate pulse to first and second gate lines of a pixel array corresponding to a voltage of a first Q node and a second stage sequentially outputting the gate pulse to third and fourth gate lines of the pixel array corresponding to a voltage of a second Q node. The first stage includes a start controller charged with the voltage of the first Q node, a first pull-up transistor increasing a voltage of a first output terminal in response to the voltage of the first Q node and a first gate clock, and a second pull-up transistor increasing a voltage of a second output terminal in response to the voltage of the first Q node and a second gate clock.
Display diode relative age
The description relates to display devices. One example can receive a first frame rendering that expresses color content with a defined number of bits that convey a set of color states that correspond to a first range of voltages for driving light emitting diodes (LEDs) of a display. The example can obtain information about degradation of the LEDs of the display. The example can also combine the defined number of bits that express the color content with additional degradation compensation overdrive bits relating to compensating for the degradation of the LEDs of the display. The example can map the combined defined number of bits and the additional degradation compensation overdrive bits to a second range of voltages for driving the display where individual values of the second range exceed the first range.
A display device including pixels, a pad area, auto-probe test wires (AP wires), and switching transistors is discussed according to an embodiment. The pixels are located in a display area of a lower substrate. The pad area is located in a non-display area of the lower substrate. The non-display area is located outside the display area in which the pixels, gate lines connected to the pixels, data lines connected to touch sensors, and sensor lines connected to the touch sensors are placed. The AP wires are located in the non-display area and connected to the display area. The switching transistors are located in the non-display area, between one side and the other side of the AP wires.
Waveguide based illuminated display system with remotely positioned light sources
A display system 10 comprising a remotely positioned light source 21 configured to produce ultra-violet, violet, or blue light, a first and second waveguides 14, 16, and a first propagation direction changing feature 20. The first waveguide 14 that receives the light from the remotely positioned light source 12. The second waveguide 16 is disposed at an angle relative to the first waveguide 14. The second waveguide 16 includes a photoluminescent printed image 18. The first propagation direction changing feature 20 reorients the direction of the light into the second waveguide 16, making image 18 visible. A visible light source may illuminate a translite graphic layer 26 or a physical object providing an image that is viewable from the display system when the second light source is illuminated and the first remotely positioned light source is not illuminated.
Shelf clip with graphic holder
A shelf clip having a first display holder and a second display holder is provided. The clip is configured to clip onto the lip of a shelf of shelving display.
Label for a container which is in a number of parts or can be divided into a number of parts
A label for a medication container that is in multiple parts or can be divided into multiple parts has a first label section, to be attached to a first container part, and a second label section, to be attached to a second container part. The first label part serves for being wrapped completely around the first container part, more than once, and is disposed within a first basic surface area region of the basic surface area of the label, intended to be wrapped around the first container part. The second label section includes a spare label having a first sub-section and a second sub-section. The first sub-section is disposed in the first basic surface area region, and the second sub-section is disposed in a second basic surface area region, which is intended for being attached to a second container part. The label is configured in such a manner that when the first and the second label section are pulled apart to open a container around which the label is adhesively applied, the first and the second label section tear apart from one another, and the first sub-section of the spare label forms a grip tab for pulling the spare label off a remainder of the second label section and/or off the second container part.
Touch screen device having braille support function and control method therefor
The present invention relates to a touch screen device having a braille support function and a control method therefor, the touch screen device including: a touch screen sensing a touch location of a user; and a controller entering at least one of a first mode and a second mode according to a use direction of the touch screen, the controller recognizing the touch screen as one braille cell in the first mode, and recognizing the touch screen as two braille cells in the second mode, thereby receiving braille input depending on the touch location of the user. By using this, it is possible to easily and precisely input six-dot braille on a touch screen and to input abbreviations and symbols of a twelve-dot system.
Method, apparatus and computer program product for estimation of road traffic condition using traffic signal data
A method for improved traffic congestion estimation is provided using signal phase and timing data from traffic signals at intersections and probe data from vehicles traversing said intersections. An example method may include: identifying each of a plurality of paths through an intersection; identifying signal phase and timing data for each traffic light associated with each path through the intersection; receiving probe data for vehicles approaching or traversing the intersection; estimating a number of vehicles failing to traverse the intersection along a path through the intersection; estimating a congestion status of the path through the intersection based on the number of vehicles failing to traverse the intersection; and causing the congestion status to be provided to permit updating of a map to reflect the congestion status.
Method for processing key value information of remote control, control device and remote control
A method for processing key value information of a remote control, a control device, and a remote control that avoid a problem of reduced operation efficiency and reduced operation reliability caused by the need of simultaneous operations on two remote controls. Using the technical solution provided by this embodiment of the present application, it may be implemented that another remote control is synchronously set by performing operations on one remote control and displaying, using a display device, a to-be-learned button on the another remote control, which is easy to operate and thereby improves operation efficiency and operation reliability.
System and method for distribution of sensors for emergency response
A system and method for placement of sensors for sensing hazardous substances released from a plurality of hazard points. A processor identifies a location of a hazard point, a fenceline of the plant-site, and a toxic level of concern (LOC) for the hazardous substance. The processor calculates a minimum amount of the hazardous substance (Q) for which a concentration at a centerline of a plume carrying the hazardous substance reaches the toxic LOC at the fenceline, and simulates a release of the hazardous substance in the calculated amount Q from the hazard point. The processor further calculates a pair of sensor locations where the concentration of the plume is equal to the minimum detectable concentration level of sensor based on the simulated release. The pair of sensor locations is then output by the processor.
Multiple target locating and alarming system
A multiple target locating and alarming system comprises a wireless sensor, a wireless base station, and a server. The wireless sensor is disposed on a target. The wireless sensor comprises a wireless communicating module and a sensor identity, and sends a wireless message including the sensing data and sensor identity. The wireless base station receives the wireless message and measures the RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indicator) of the wireless message to the server. The server includes the deploy information of the wireless base stations and receives the wireless messages with the RSSI for calculating a location of the wireless sensor, then monitoring whether the locating position matches an alarm criterion; if it matches, the server publish a warning notification. Compared to the prior art, the present invention can effectively shorten the react time while abnormal occurs.
System and method for impact prediction and proximity warning
A system for predicting and warning of impacts includes a sensor located remote from a user and configured to acquire user data regarding motion of the user and object data regarding motion of the object; and a processing circuit configured to predict a potential impact between the user and the object based on the user data and the object data; and control operation of a user-wearable warning device to provide a warning output to the user in advance of a predicted time of the potential impact.
Universal user variable control utility (UUVCU)
The Universal User Variable Control Utility (UUVCU) is a method and system provided to allow users increased variable control over electronic communication. This invention allows users to vary (not limited) symbols; color, movement rate, and add text. With this invention a child can manually or automatically signal a parent when in danger, a senior citizen or a Veteran can alert loved ones or caregivers in life threatening times of need. UUVCU in helping people provides real world value accomplished through practical application.
Flame detector field of view verification via reverse infrared signaling
Embodiments relate generally to systems, devices, and methods for verifying operation of an optical flame detector. A system may comprise an optical flame detector, wherein the optical flame detector comprises: a digital infrared test signal source, wherein the digital infrared test signal source is configured to transmit a digital infrared test signal; and at least one of an ultraviolet light sensor, a visible light sensor, and an infrared sensor; and an portable infrared test receiver, wherein the digital infrared test signal is receivable by the portable infrared test receiver, wherein the portable infrared test receiver is positioned to indicate whether a location of potential fire is within a field of view of the optical flame detector.
Information reading apparatus
An information reading apparatus is provided. The information reading apparatus enables stable contactless communication with a contactless communication medium even when the apparatus includes a display device for displaying information associated with reading results, in addition to an information reading device and a contactless communication device. The information stored in the contactless communication medium held over a reading surface is read by the contactless communication device according to transmission/reception of electromagnetic waves via an antenna. The reading surface includes a reading port on the inside of the antenna in plan view of the reading surface, and includes a mark arranged not to overlap the antenna.
Method for assigning a wild symbol on a gaming device
A method of operating a gaming machine having a game controller includes receiving, via an input device of the gaming machine, a request from a player to play a game, generating, via a game controller and based on the request to play the game, a symbol combination comprising one or more symbols, wherein the symbol combination is associated with a first payout amount, displaying the symbol combination to the player via a display device, receiving, via the input device, a request from the player to assign a wild symbol, generating the wild symbol based on the request from the player and displaying the wild symbol to the player via the display device, determining whether any of the one or more symbols in the symbol combination matches the wild symbol and providing an indication to the player of any matching symbols via the display device, calculating a second payout amount for the symbol combination based on the matching symbols, wherein the second payout amount is at least equal to the first payout amount, and providing an indication of the second payout amount to the player.
Verifying a gaming device is in communications with a gaming server by passing an indicator between the gaming device and a verification device
A system includes a verification server and a gaming server, which provides gaming activities and possibly other services to a player through a gaming device. The system further includes a verification device in communications with the verification server. The verification server passes an indicator between the verification device and gaming device via the gaming server and in this fashion, verification can be made that the gaming device is in communications with the gaming server.
Externally hinged cabinet door for a gaming machine housing
Disclosed are a gaming terminal, a gaming cabinet and a gaming machine that include a housing having gaming components therein. The housing includes a door opening for accessing gaming components inside the housing and a door assembly having an open position that exposes the door opening, and a closed position that covers the door opening. At least one pair of externally mounted swing arms connect the door assembly to a biasing lift assembly within the housing. When the door assembly is in the closed position and a latching assembly is released, the biasing lift assembly urges the door assembly toward the open position.
Digital seal security system for side mounted swing-out type vehicle cargo access doors
The system includes a digital counter adapted to display a number which is changed in response to an actuation signal. A lock assembly mounted to the cargo door is connected to the counter. The lock assembly has a hollow housing within which a member having a recess adapted to receive the handle is moveable by the handle between an unlocked position, wherein the door may be opened, and a locked position, in which the door is prevented from being opened. A magnetically actuated switch is mounted within the housing. The switch is adapted to generate an actuation signal to the digital counter in response to movement of the member within the housing from its locked position. The signal causes the counter to change the displayed number, indicating that the door may have been opened in transit.
Scan tool with mobile broadband capability and method of operation thereof
A vehicle diagnostic tool that is configured to perform one or more diagnostic tests on one or more systems of a vehicle. Once the test has been performed and data collected, the data may be forwarded to a location outside of the diagnostic tool through a mobile broadband connection device that is inserted into the diagnostic tool through a designated port. Also, a method of performing a vehicle diagnostic test utilizing such a diagnostic tool.
Assigning a test suite to test equipment using an execution graph
A device may receive a test scenario that includes actions to be performed by test equipment. The test scenario may be associated with a test suite. The device may receive availability information indicating a quantity, a type, or a status of the test equipment or a resource of the test equipment for performing the actions. The device may determine an order in which the actions are to be performed. The device may generate scheduling information for the actions based on the order and the availability information. The device may schedule the actions for execution by the test equipment. The device may transmit information that causes the actions to be performed by the test equipment based on the scheduling information.
Method and device for augmented reality display of real physical model
The present disclosure relates to a method and device for augmented reality display of real physical model. By adopting the method and/or device of the present disclosure, the real physical model may be combined with its virtual physical model, and the display of the physical model may become more vivid with the help of AR technology.
Display control apparatus, display control method, and program
Provided is a display control apparatus including a state detection unit configured to detect a state of a user who observes an image, and a display control unit configured to cause a display to display the image in which a plurality of display content items are superimposed on a photographed image, and to control a behavior of each of the display content items according to the state of the user.
Virtual affordance sales tool
A system and method for modeling visual and non-visual experiential characteristics of a work space environment, the system comprising at least a first emissive surface useable to view a virtual world (VW) representation, a processor that is programmed to perform the steps of (a) presenting a VW representation via the at least a first emissive surface, the VW representation including an affordance configuration shown in the VW representation, (b) model at least one non-visual experiential characteristic associated with an environment associated with the VW representation and (c) present at least some indication of the non-visual experiential characteristic to the system user.
Generating a virtual map
A method of generating and displaying a virtual map is provided. First and second images are obtained, each image representing a physical space, which may have an equirectangular projection. For each of these images, a projection is generated and output for display. These projections may be circular, and may have a smaller blank circle at the center. Indications are received, possibly via manual input, representing a point in each projection. These are stored in position data, which includes identifications of the points and an indication that the two points are connected. Multiple points in multiple projections may be identified and stored in the position data. First and second display projections of the images are rendered for display, each including a display element corresponding to the identified position within each image. These display projections are outputted for display as a virtual map. While viewing the virtual map, if manual input is received selecting a display element in one display projection, the display projection having the corresponding display element is automatically displayed.
System for neurobehavioural animation
The present invention relates to a computer implemented system for animating a virtual object or digital entity. It has particular relevance to animation using biologically based models, or behavioral models particularly neurobehavioral models. There is provided a plurality of modules having a computational element and a graphical element. The modules are arranged in a required structure and have at least one variable and being associated with at least one connector. The connectors link variables between modules across the structure, and the modules together provide a neurobehavioral model. There is also provided a method of controlling a digital entity in response to an external stimulus.
Performance and capability improvements of computer devices that provide digital images of heatmap visualizations for datasets are provided via both systems and methods. A value-color spectrum is correlated to the dataset via a multi-pass rendering. The multi-pass rendering yields a two-channel mask, which is applied to a map to show the dataset in a heatmap visualization on that map, and may be continually used as the map is manipulated by a user. User interface tools are also provided to enable a user to specify a custom value-color spectrum, how the dataset is to be aggregated, the area of effect for a data point in the visualization, the strength of effect for a data point in the visualization, and which specifies how a dataset will be visually represented in a heatmap.
Methods, devices, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on a computer storage medium for reconstructing an image are provided. An example method includes: acquiring Computed Tomography (CT) projection data of a subject, determining an image cutoff frequency Fimg according to a CT image matrix size for reconstructing a CT image and an imaging field of view size, obtaining a convolution kernel and a cutoff frequency Fker of the convolution kernel, using the convolution kernel as a reconstruction convolution kernel when Fker
Method and apparatus for providing panorama image data
A method and an apparatus for providing panoramic image data by reconstructing frame images captured by a panoramic imaging apparatus, are disclosed. In reconstruction of images with multiple image layers, sizes of images reconstructed with an image layer or images to be used for a reconstruction are scaled. An image is selected by analyzing sharpness. A panoramic image is provided by combining selected image. According to the present invention, parts having unclear focal planes may be completely removed in a panoramic image and it is possible to provide an image including only with focused regions.
Rendering semi-transparent user interface elements
Techniques of rendering user interface elements are described. An exemplary technique can include generating color values for a user interface element's pixels based on a relationship between the element's opacity and a characteristic feature of a background area for the element and rendering the user interface element using the generated color values. Other embodiments and/or techniques are possible.
Method for processing image data and apparatus for the same
An image processing method that processes an image photographed by an electronic device is provided. The method includes obtaining a plurality of original images from the image photographed, analyzing the plurality of original images, and providing information for recommending an image processing mode based on at least a part of an analyzed result.
Circularly polarized illumination and detection for depth sensing
A depth camera assembly (DCA) for depth sensing of a local area. The DCA includes a polarized light generator, an imaging device, and a controller. The polarized light generator modulates one or more optical beams emitted from an illumination source to generate modulated light, and projects the modulated light into the local area as polarized light having a first polarization. The imaging device receives light from the local area, the received light including ambient light and a portion of the polarized light reflected from the local area. The imaging device reduces an intensity of the received light having polarization different from a second polarization to generate filtered light substantially composed of light of the second polarization, and detects the portion of the polarized light having the second polarization using the filtered light. The controller determines depth information for the local area based on the detected portion of the polarized light.
Tracking assistance device, tracking assistance system, and tracking assistance method
Included are tracking target setter that sets a person as a tracking target in response to designation by a monitoring person, confirmation video presenter that extracts a video of a moving object with the highest possibility of being the moving object which is the target, based on tracking information, and displays only the videos as confirmation videos, candidate video presenter that displays as a candidate video, a video of a moving object that may be the moving object set as the tracking target is the next highest of the moving object of the confirmation video having an error, where there is an error in the confirmation video, and causes selection of a corresponding candidate video by the monitoring person, and tracking information corrector that corrects the tracking information so that the moving object corresponding to the selected candidate video is associated with the moving object set as the tracking target.
Pixel acquisition circuit, optical flow sensor, and image acquisition system
The invention discloses a pixel acquisition circuit, an optical flow sensor, and an image acquisition system. Therein, the optical flow sensor comprises a pixel acquisition circuit array, a waveform generator, a global control unit, and a readout unit. The pixel acquisition circuit array comprises the pixel acquisition circuits in accordance with the invention. The waveform generator is operative to output a periodic signal waveform to the time signal line coupled with each of the pixel acquisition circuits in the array. The global control unit is operative to output said global activation signal to each pixel acquisition circuit through the global trigger signal line, and output a reset signal to each pixel acquisition circuit through said reset signal line. The readout unit is operative to read the signals output by at least a part of the pixel acquisition circuits in that array.
Background modelling of sport videos
A method of classifying foreground and background in an image of a video by determining a pitch color model of the image, the pitch color model comprising a pitch color, color shades of the pitch color, and the pitch color and the color shades under different shades of shadow. Then determining a pitch mask based on a pitch segmentation of the image of the video, determining a pitch background model based on the pitch mask and the pitch color model. The method may continue by classifying each of the elements of the pitch mask as background if a color of the element of the pitch mask matches the pitch color model and updating the pitch background model and the pitch color model using the colors of the elements that have been classified to match the pitch color model.
Methods and systems for identifying spine or bone regions in computed tomography image sequence
A method and system for image processing is provided. The technique includes acquiring data related to the processing, performing a pre-processing of the data, performing a segmentation of a subject, performing a post-processing of the result of the segmentation and managing storage of the data. The post-process includes a calibrating and a rendering of the data.
Image processing apparatus and image processing method for estimating point spread function
The present disclosure relates to an image processing apparatus and an image processing method whereby a point spread function can be estimated with high precision. An exclusion unit excludes a repetitive pattern from a degraded image. An estimation unit estimates a point spread function by use of the degraded image from which the repetitive pattern has been excluded by the exclusion unit. The present disclosure can be applied to, for example, an image processing apparatus or the like that estimates a point spread function (PSF) from a degraded image and that performs a blind deconvolution using the point spread function to generate a restored image from the degraded image.
Method including generating and displaying a focus assist image indicating a degree of focus for a plurality of blocks obtained by dividing a frame of image signal
The present disclosure is directed to a computer system designed to (i) receive a series of images as input; (ii) compute a number of metrics derived from focus features and color separation features within the images; and (iii) evaluate the metrics to return (a) an identification of the most suitable z-layer in a z-stack, given a series of z-layer images in a z-stack; and/or (b) an identification of those image tiles that are more suitable for cellular based scoring by a medical professional, given a series of image tiles from an area of interest of a whole slide scan.
Image shooting apparatus that extends depth of field by recovering blurred image and an image shooting method thereof
The invention provides an image shooting apparatus and an image shooting method that obtain a recovered image with high precision by using an optimal point spread function (PSF) without deriving an image shooting distance of a photographed object, an image shooting program, and a recording medium that records the image shooting program. An image shooting apparatus includes an optical system, an image shooting element configured behind the optical system; an image recovery processing portion configured to perform image processing and recovery processing on obtained image data; and a recovered image output portion configured to output a recovered image; and the image recovery processing portion includes a recovery filter storage memory configured to store multiple recovery filters pre-manufactured by using multiple point spread functions; a recovery filter processing portion configured to obtain multiple middle candidate images; and an image comment portion configured to output a middle candidate image with an optimal profile.
Method for masking an item among a plurality of items
The invention relates to a method for masking an item among a plurality of items displayed on a touchscreen terminal, the method being such that it has, following an action (300) by a user, steps of display (301) of a masking symbol associated with an item at a first location; of detection (302) of contact with the screen on a non-masked item; of continuous movement (303) of the masking symbol on the item in correlation with movement of the contact detected on the screen and of masking of that portion of the item that is situated between the masking symbol and the first location; and of masking (304) of the whole of the item when the masking symbol is at a second location and the contact is no longer detected. The invention likewise relates to a device and a terminal that implement this method.
Display response enhancement
Display enhancement improves performance of constrained display devices such as electrophoretic displays (EPDs). With display enhancement, a display controller rapidly writes area updates to the display, while a union of the area updates is maintained. Area updates which the display controller cannot present are discarded, while the union provides a representation of what area on the screen has been affected. A repair operation takes place which generates an area update encompassing the areas which may have been affected.
Personal safety verification system and similarity search method for data encrypted for confidentiality
Disclosed is a system whereby it is possible to verify the safety of a person even if the person is not aware that the person is being searched for as a missing person. In this system, each verification requesting person who is searching for another person registers, in a database of a portal server (4), a set comprising a feature value of the face of the searched-for person and personal information (e.g., telephone number) about the searched-for person or the verification requesting person. A field server (2) constantly compares feature values of captured face images with the database, and if a close match is found between the feature value of a captured face image and the stored feature value of the face of a person, the field server (2) presents the registered personal information associated with that person to the person from which the captured face image was derived and requests verification from the latter person. Since the system is open to the public, the feature values stored in the database are protected by a template protection scheme. For example, random projections which differ with different locality-sensitive hash values of feature values are used so that it can be assumed that, in the vicinity of a target feature value, a local distance-preserving mapping is established between feature values and the corresponding protected feature values.
Systems and methods for altering issue outcomes
A system for predicting and prescribing actions for impacting policymaking outcomes may include at least one processor configured to access first information scraped from the Internet to identify, for a particular pending policy, information about a plurality of policymakers slated to make a determination on the pending policy. The processor may parse the scraped first information to determine an initial prediction relating to an outcome of the pending policy. The processor may access second information to identify an action likely to change at least one of the initial prediction and the propensity of at least one policymaker, to thereby generate a subsequent prediction corresponding to an increase in a likelihood of achieving the desired outcome. The processor may display to the system user a recommendation to take the action in order to increase the likelihood of achieving the desired outcome.
Secure content distribution system
A user selection of one or more of a plurality of content is received. The selected content is encrypted by a first encryption key that is remote and unknown to the distribution server. Payment information associated with the user selection is also received and verified. The selected content from is retrieved from a remote database. The first encryption key corresponding to the selected content to decrypt the encrypted content corresponding to the user selection is obtained. Decryption is performed by a hardware-based engine of the distribution server that is isolated from a host processor of the distribution server. The content corresponding to the user selection is encrypted according to a second encryption key that is known to the distribution server.
Autonomous communication feature use
Methods and systems for determining collision risk associated with operation of autonomous vehicles using autonomous communication are provided. According to certain aspects, autonomous operation features associated with a vehicle may be determined, including features associated with autonomous communication between vehicles or with infrastructure. This information may be used to determine collision risk levels for a plurality of features, which may be based upon test data regarding the features or actual collision data. Expected use levels and autonomous communication levels may further be determined and used with the collision risk levels to determine a total collision risk level associated with operation of the vehicle. The autonomous communication levels may indicate the types of communications, the levels of communication with other vehicles or infrastructure, or the frequency of autonomous communication.
Determining and initiating insurance claim events
A computer device and method for processing loss related data to detect and initiate insurance claim events. Data is received from one or more sensor devices relating to insured property. Analysis is performed on the received data to determine one or more claim events regarding the insured property. An insurance policy, other product, or service contract associated with the insured property is received and analyzed to determine coverage for the insured property as prescribed by the insurance policy, other product, or service contract. Predefined business rules are applied using the determined one or more claim events and the determined coverage to determine if the insurance policy, other product, or service contract supports a claim regarding the one or more claim events. Notification of the claim is provided if it is determined supported by the insurance policy, other product, or service contract.
Methods and systems for depicting psychological analysis
Systems and methods are presented for providing a psychological analysis of financial products in an investor's financial portfolio. In some example embodiments, a method is presented. The method may include accessing, in a device comprising one or more processors, a psychometric data of a financial product, the psychometric data quantifying a decision-making tendency used in managing the financial product. The method may also include generating a psychological behavioral characteristic score of the financial product based on the accessed psychometric data, the psychological behavioral characteristic score indicating a degree to which the financial product exhibits a psychological characteristic relative to other financial products, generating an image of a graph that depicts the psychological behavioral characteristics score of the financial product relative to an axis that represents a range of degrees to which the psychological characteristic is exhibited by the other financial products, and causing display of the image of the graph.
Evaluation device, evaluation method, and non-transitory computer readable storage medium
An evaluation device according to the present application includes an acquisition unit and an evaluation unit. The acquisition unit acquires information related to an enterprise among information which is based on user behavior on a communication network. The evaluation unit evaluates credit of the enterprise based on the information acquired by the acquisition unit. For example, the acquisition unit acquires, as the information which is based on user behavior on the communication network, information transmitted from a user in utilization of a service which is provided by various websites and which is related to the enterprise.
Method and system for electronic advertising
A method of delivering advertising in an online environment includes determining a context of a user operating a client computer to interact with an e-commerce website, where the determined context representing an intent of the user to locate a product for purchase, defining a relation between one or more of a plurality of advertisements and the product based on at least one of a plurality of relevance types, and displaying, to the user, at least one of the advertisements having the relation to the product.
Methods and systems for arranging a webpage and purchasing products via a subscription mechanism
In some embodiments of methods and systems of purchasing products via a subscription mechanism, a method comprises, presenting a subscription mechanism corresponding to a first user, wherein the subscription mechanism is associated with a set of products. In many embodiments, the method further comprises receiving a notification from a second user selecting the subscription mechanism corresponding to the first user, determining that one or more conditions are satisfied, and causing at least a portion of the set of products associated with the subscription mechanism to be purchased by the second user. Other embodiments also are disclosed herein.
Method and computer readable medium for facilitating asynchronous communication between a server and client computer
A request for information relating to a commodity is sent to a server using a client computer. The requested commodity information is received at the client computer and rendered on a display. A client action with respect to the commodity information is detected, and, using the client computer, a determination is made whether communication with the server is required to respond to the client action and, if the communication is not necessary, responding to the client action without communicating with the server regarding the response.
Real-time internet capable device information interchange for coordinated queuing at locations
Among other things, a central server maintains information representative of requests communicated through the Internet from devices at request locations. Each of the requests represents a proposed reservation for services to be managed by devices at delivery locations.
Automated workspace usage management methods and apparatus
Automated workspace usage management methods and apparatus associate one or more users with membership plans for usage of at least one workspace resource. Workspace usage data is collected from the one or more automated monitoring devices for monitoring workspace resource usage by one or more users. The collected workspace usage data is first measured and then compared against the membership plans associated with the users. A billing- and/or reporting-related action is performed, according to the measurement of collected workspace usage data compared against the membership plan.
System and method for determining retail-business-rule coefficients from current prices
Business rules can govern a single price or they can define relationships between different products involving two or more decision prices. One problem that retailers can face is that business rules are generally not codified and are rarely followed consistently, and thus it can be difficult to articulate existing business rules or generate new business rules. However, existing price information inherently contains industry knowledge and experience, even if retailers find it difficult to express that knowledge. The disclosed technology generates business rules by reverse engineering rule bounds and coefficients from existing price information. The reverse engineered rule bounds and coefficients can be used in price optimization to generate recommended prices for retail products that optimize revenue and profit while complying with a set of business rules.
System and method for providing people-based audience planning
Systems and methods for targeted advertising to specific consumers are disclosed. A system may include a memory storing instructions and at least one processor configured to execute the instruction to: receive, over a network, client-provided data from a client device; identify at least one consumer by comparing the client-provided data against consumer data recorded in an electronic consumer database; obtain at least one unique consumer identifier for the identified at least one consumer, the at least one unique consumer identifier not including personal identifiable information; generate a target audience pool based on the at least one unique consumer identifier; and deliver, over a network, the target audience pool to the client device to facilitate targeted advertising to specific consumers.
Method for providing personalized, targeted advertisements during playback of media
A media player is provided. The media player comprises a communications interface, a memory store containing a plurality of personalized advertisements, and a media playback component. The targeted advertisements are refreshed by receiving updates from the communications interface during some of the intervals when the media player is connected to a network. The targeted advertisements are indexed by a plurality of characteristics, the first characteristic being a creation date of the targeted advertisements. The media playback component is configured to play a media content, wherein the media content is stored separately from the targeted advertisements, and to play one of the targeted advertisements in the memory store selected based on the characteristics of the one of the targeted advertisements.
Real-time updates to digital marketing forecast models
Techniques are disclosed for automatically creating or updating predictive models, including digital marketing forecast models. A predictive model is updated in real-time or near real-time using a stochastic gradient descent optimization method based on one or more predictive values associated with an advertising impression that is won in an online advertising auction. Each predictive value, which is obtained from the predictive model, is encoded as an argument in a uniform resource locator (URL) corresponding to the ad impression being auctioned. If and when the ad impression is won, the predictive value(s) and other information can be tracked and immediately available for updating the model using information encoded in the URL.
Initiating a promotional benefit by user-actionable link
An advertisement, including a description of a promotion and a link, are included in a shipment of a sales item to a buyer from an online shopping site. The promotion is crafted to entice the buyer to respond to the link and trigger a further shopping opportunity based on the initial purchase. Upon responding to the link, the buyer is presented with a further promotion that includes the most recent consideration of buying incentives which are based on knowledge of selling considerations such as inventory and the marketplace that a seller may use to generate enticing content in the promotion. The seller may also take advantage of knowledge about the shopping and purchasing history of the buyer at the online shopping site in tailoring the promotion.
System for creating a social-networking online community
A system and method are provided for creating a social-networking community and enabling the social-networking community to interoperate with other social-networking communities within a network of social-networking communities. The method includes creating a core profile that links a user member's identify to plurality of social-networking communities of the network. The system enables user identity information, content, and friend information to be shared across social-networking communities of the network. The system also enables community content to be shared and tracked across social-networking communities of the network.
Mobile authentication for web payments using single sign on credentials
Systems and methods for mobile authentication for web payments are disclosed. In some implementations, a proxy server receives, from a computing device different from a mobile device, a request from a user to process a web payment via a payment account associated with the mobile device, the web payment being associated with an online merchant. The proxy server verifies that the mobile device is associated with the user. The proxy server transmits, to a commerce server of the online merchant, payment information for the web payment in response to verifying that the mobile device is associated with the user.
Methods and systems of EMV certification
An illustrative embodiment disclosed herein is an EMV certification system including a credit card simulator configured to program a probe with credit card data, a point of sale simulator configured to send transaction data to a payment terminal, a robotic arm configured to perform an action on the payment terminal, and a robot controller communicatively coupled to the robotic arm. The robot controller is configured to instruct the robotic arm to perform the action. The EMV certification system further includes a test coordinator communicatively coupled to the credit card simulator, the point of sale simulator, and the robot controller. The test coordinator is configured to request the robot controller instruct the robotic arm based on reading a response from the payment terminal.
Methods and systems for self-service checkout
Methods and systems for self-service checkout. In an embodiment, a mobile device processor of a consumer's mobile device receives input data of an item selected for a purchase transaction, displays information concerning the item on a display screen, and receives an indication from a consumer that shopping is completed. The method includes transmitting checkout data for the purchase transaction to a self-service checkout computer, receiving a transaction authorization message and merchant instructions from the self-service checkout computer, and then displaying on the display screen the transaction authorization message and the merchant instructions, wherein the merchant instructions direct the consumer to exit the particular merchant store in a particular manner.
Apparatuses, systems and methods for data entry correlation
This disclosure details the implementation of systems, methods and apparatuses for providing an integrated process tracking and management. The disclosure provides solutions for initiating, tracking, correlating and managing complex processes. In particular, the disclosure provides systems, methods and apparatuses for process tracking and management particularly suited to job listing matching and management. In an implementation, the system may be configured to receive and extract base data entry metrics from a user designated input, for example a user's resume or a user designated saved job listing. The base data entry metrics may be correlated with user correlation metrics to derive search parameters for identifying supplemental data entries for a particular user.
System and method for generating an interaction request
A method and system are provided for generating an interaction request to initiate a first interaction session using a first interaction channel between a request recipient and a request service provider. The method includes determining an identifier of the interaction request to be generated, determining a task associated with the interaction request, obtaining context data of a plurality of other interaction sessions associated with the identifier, determining a subset of the context data of the plurality of other interaction sessions and generating the interaction request using the subset of the context data. The interaction request may be a modified version of an initial interaction request.
System for determining a relative location of a plurality of items upon a plurality of platforms
A system is described for determining a relative location of a plurality of items upon a plurality of platforms. The system may include a memory, an interface, and a processor. The memory may store a first item, a second item, a first period of time and a second period of time. The interface may be operative to communicate with a user and an antenna. The antenna may be able to detect an item for a period of time. The processor may be operative to receive from the antenna, via the interface, the first item, the first period of time, the second item and the second period of time. The processor may determine whether the periods of time overlap. If the periods of time overlap the processor may communicate to the user that the items are upon the same platform, otherwise that the items are on consecutive platforms.
Electronic device communications for item handoffs
In some examples, a service provider may determine a courier placement location for a service area and a courier inventory for the service area. Based on the inventory, the service provider may order first items from a first merchant and second items from a second merchant. The service provider may dispatch a first courier to pick up the first items and a second courier to pick up the second items. Further, a third courier may go to a handoff location to receive the courier inventory made up of first items picked up by the first courier and second items picked up by the second courier. In some examples, the handoff location is determined dynamically based on the current locations of the first, second, and third couriers and predicted courier travel times. Additionally, or alternatively, the handoff location may be determined based in part on the courier placement location.
Systems and methods for mail piece interception, rescue tracking, and confiscation alerts and related services
Exemplary embodiments of the present invention would project a route and a delivery schedule for relevant mail pieces and would monitor carrier-recorded tracking events for those mail pieces to determine whether or not actual tracking events are following the projected route and the projected schedule, and/or whether or not issues that might impact their delivery and/or their delivery schedule, may have arisen along their projected route; such exemplary embodiments would provide an alert to the relevant user(s) and/or other authorized parties and/or relevant carrier(s) and would facilitate user interaction by the relevant user(s) and/or parties to provide intercept and/or rescue and/or confiscation instructions; exemplary embodiments would facilitate automatic interfaces with the relevant carriers and delivery services for the subject mail piece to resolve rescue, item loss, insurance coverage, postage refund, intervention and/or confiscation instructions and issues.
Routing preferred traffic within a reservation system
A method for managing inbound user traffic to a reservation system. The method includes receiving messages from one or more users and determining, by one or more computer processors, at least one of the one or more users is not a preferred user, based on the messages received. The method further includes sending the messages from the at least one user to a limiting component, wherein the limiting component slows the messages from the at least one of the one or more users to the reservation system.
Computer implemented classification system and method
Computer implemented system and method for classifying users is provided. The method includes obtaining a data set from one or more sources corresponding to one or more users; segmenting the data set into segments, each segment comprising one or more data points, wherein each data point is specific and unique to a user; identifying difficult regions from one or more segments; computing a standard deviation of distances between the data points within each of the identified difficult regions for each of the identified difficult regions; selecting a radial basis function (RBF) kernel based on the standard deviation computed for each of the identified difficult regions; generating a support vector machine model on each of the identified difficult regions based on the selected RBF kernel to obtain a hyper plane comprising support vectors and weight assigned to the vectors; and classifying the users into a category based on the hyper plane.
Support vector machine enhanced models for short-term wind farm generation forecasting
Systems and methods for forecasting wind farm power generation are disclosed. Via use of a support vector machine (SVM) enhanced Markov model, short-term wind power generation forecasts may be generated. Exemplary approaches accurately account for wind ramp-up and ramp-down, as well as diurnal non-stationarity and seasonality of wind power generation. Via use of the disclosed forecasting approaches, utilities and grid managers can make improved decisions relating to electrical power generation and transmission, thus reducing costs and reducing pollution.
Hierarchical clustering method and apparatus for a cognitive recognition system based on a combination of temporal and prefrontal cortex models
Described is system and method for cognitive recognition. The system receives a multi-dimensional scene array as input data. A foveation module divides the multi-dimensional scene array into a plurality of sub-arrays and outputs contents of a currently selected sub-array. The contents are clustered with a hierarchical clustering module to generate a spatially invariant hierarchical cluster of the contents comprising a plurality of components which are based on a statistical distribution of co-occurrence of features across the currently selected sub-array. Task-relevant components are selectively gated and robustly maintained into a component memory location of a pattern bank with a working memory module with an input gating module. If the task-relevant components activate an abstract category module based on pattern matching, then a category recognition label is generated for the contents of the currently selected sub-array with an executive control module.
Preparation operation for image forming apparatus
An image forming apparatus performs a first preparation operation in a full color mode when power is supplied. The apparatus performs, when an image formation request is inputted after the first preparation operation completes, a second preparation operation in a designated color mode in accordance with the image formation request. When an image formation request is inputted during the first preparation operation, the apparatus skips the second preparation operation and performs image formation after the first preparation operation completes.
Recording apparatus and control method thereof
A recording apparatus includes a head including a wire and performing recording on a medium by allowing the wire to strike the medium, a temperature detection unit that detects a temperature of the head, a driving circuit for driving the wire, and a control unit that controls an energization state of the driving circuit. The control unit switches the energization state of the driving circuit between an ON state and an OFF state at each time determined by the control unit, based on the temperature detected by the temperature detection unit such that a current flowing in the driving circuit is kept constant, when the head performs recording on the medium.
A scanning device includes a base, an upper cover pivotally covered to the base, a motor mounted to the base, two roller assemblies, a sensor mounted in the first channel, and a card supporting mechanism. A first channel, a scanning channel and a second channel are formed between the upper cover and the base. The scanning channel has a scanning read line. The first channel, the scanning channel and the second channel are communicated with one another. The two roller assemblies are connected with and driven by the motor. The card supporting mechanism is mounted to the base. The card supporting mechanism includes a blocking board movably disposed behind the second channel along the longitudinal direction, and a front surface of the blocking board is parallel to the scanning read line and orthogonal to the second channel.
Fine-grained image similarity
Methods, systems, and apparatus, for determining fine-grained image similarity. In one aspect, a method includes training an image embedding function on image triplets by selecting image triplets of first, second and third images; generating, by the image embedding function, a first, second and third representations of the features of the first, second and third images; determining, based on the first representation of features and the second representation of features, a first similarity measure for the first image to the second image; determining, based on the first representation of features and the third representation of features, a second similarity measure for the first image to the third image; determining, based on the first and second similarity measures, a performance measure of the image embedding function for the image triplet; and adjusting the parameter weights of the image embedding function based on the performance measures for the image triplets.
Method for video object detection
A system and method for performing foreground/background separation on an input image. The method identifies a corresponding model visual element in a scene model associated with the input image, the model visual element being associated with a set of element models, each element model including a plurality of visual data sets. Select an element model from the set of element models, dependent upon a visual distance between the input visual element and a visual data set of the selected element model satisfying a predetermined criterion. The method classifies the input visual element as one of foreground and background, dependent upon the selected element model, and then updates each visual data set in the selected element model, dependent upon the input visual element and at least first and second different methods of updating a visual data set.
Vehicle identification number capture
An image processing system may process an image of indicia positioned behind a reflective surface. The indicia may be a vehicle identification number and the reflective surface may be a windshield of a vehicle. The image processing system may receive an initial image of the indicia positioned behind a reflective surface and process the initial image to produce a resulting image. In processing the initial image, the image processing system may identify an interest region of the initial image, where the interest region identifies a portion of the initial image affected by glare caused by the reflective surface, texturize the interest region to account for the glare, and remove a defocusing effect from the initial image to account for blur, reflection, or both, caused by the reflective surface. Then, the image processing system may extract data, such as the vehicle identification number, from the resulting image.
Augmented object detection using structured light
Systems and methods are provided for imaging a region of interest. A structured light source is configured to provide a substantially two-dimensional light curtain within a field of view of the camera formed by at least one projected laser beam at a wavelength detectable by the camera. An image analysis component is configured to detect objects within the region of interest from at least a position of the at least one projected laser beam within the image.
Scene change detection and logging
A computer implemented method of detecting scene changes in a stream of frames by analyzing content differences between consecutive frames, comprising: (a) Identifying a content of each of a plurality of frames of a frames stream by applying a plurality of visual classification functions to each frame. The content comprises one or more of a plurality of visual elements. (b) Determining a content difference between every two consecutive frames of the plurality of frames by comparing the content of the two consecutive frames. (c) Detecting a scene change between the two consecutive frames when the content difference exceeds a pre-defined threshold. The scene change defines a separation between consecutive scenes of a plurality of scenes in the frames stream wherein each of the scenes comprises a subset of the plurality of frames.
Method and system for automated behavior classification of test subjects
The method and system includes a plurality of test subject containers, each having a test subject therein. A plurality of video cameras is focused on the test subject containers to capture video of the behavior of each of the test subjects. The system and method also includes a storage system for storing the plurality of video from the cameras. The storage system may be local or cloud-based as is known in the art. The system further has one or more computers with a neural network configured to (a) retrieve the video from the storage system of the test subjects, (b) analyze the video to identify a plurality of observable behaviors in the test subjects, (c) annotate the video with the observed behavior classifications, and (d) store the annotated video in the storage system.
Unmanned aircraft structure evaluation system and method
A computerized system, comprising: a computer system having an input unit, a display unit, one or more processors and one or more non-transitory computer readable medium, the one or more processors executing image display and analysis software to cause the one or more processors to: receive an identification of a structure from the input device, the structure having multiple sides, an outline, and a height; obtain characteristics of a camera mounted onto an unmanned aircraft; generate unmanned aircraft information including: flight path information configured to direct the unmanned aircraft to fly a flight path around the structure that is laterally and vertically offset from the structure, the lateral and vertical offset being dependent upon the height of the structure, an orientation of the camera relative to the unmanned aircraft, and the characteristics of the camera; and, store the unmanned aircraft information on the one or more non-transitory computer readable medium.
Unmanned aircraft structure evaluation system and method
Methods and systems are disclosed including a computer storage medium, comprising instructions that when executed by one or more processors included in an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), cause the UAV to perform operations, comprising: receiving, by the UAV, a flight plan configured to direct the UAV to fly a flight path having a plurality of waypoints adjacent to and above a structure and to capture sensor data of the structure from a camera on the UAV while the UAV is flying the flight path; adjusting an angle of an optical axis of the camera mounted to a gimbal to a predetermined angle within a range of 25 degrees to 75 degrees relative to a downward direction, and capturing sensor data of at least a portion of a roof of the structure with the optical axis of the camera aligned with at least one predetermined location on the structure.
Document image orientation assessment and correction
The present invention relates to methods and systems for automated processing of document images using mobile and desktop communications devices. Systems and methods are provided for expediting analysis of the accuracy and quality of captured images by such devices before transmission to a server for processing. The processes use on-device software to provide immediate feedback to the user as to whether the quality of the document photograph is sufficient for processing, without the need for intermediate communication with a server. The processes utilize component labeling, MICR character recognition methods, automatic image rotation, and weighted image scaling. The invention increases speed of processing, reduces rates of rejection, increases processor efficiency, limits memory use, identifies images with likely errors, and provides the opportunity for correction of errors at the earliest possible time.
Technologies for efficient identity recognition based on skin features
Technologies for efficient identity recognition based on skin features include a compute device. The compute device includes an image capture device and an image acquisition module to obtain, with the image capture device, an image that depicts the skin of the person. The compute device also includes a skin feature determination module to identify pixels in the obtained image that are associated with the skin of the person, and determine one or more features of the skin based on the identified pixels. Additionally, the compute device includes an identity determination module to generate a feature vector that includes the determined features of the skin, and analyze the feature vector with reference data to determine an identity of the person. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Low profile illumination in an optical fingerprint sensor
An optical fingerprint sensor includes: cover glass for receiving a finger; a transparent electrode layer below a bottom surface of the cover glass; an organic light emitting diode layer (OLED) below the transparent electrode layer; and a metal electrode layer below the OLED layer. Multiple openings extend through each of the transparent electrode layer, OLED layer, and metal electrode layer, and transmit reflected light reflected from a top surface of the cover glass when a finger is positioned over the top surface of the cover glass. A collimator or pinhole filter is below the metal electrode layer, and includes multiple apertures for transmitting the reflected light after the reflected light is transmitted through the multiple openings. An imager is below the bottom surface of the collimator or pinhole filter, and includes an array of pixels that detects the reflected light after the reflected light is transmitted through the multiple apertures.
Fingerprint identification apparatus
A fingerprint identification apparatus including a light-transmitting device, an image-capture device disposed opposite to the light-transmitting device, and a collimator disposed between the light-transmitting device and the image-capture device is provided. The collimator includes a plurality of light-shielding layers and a plurality of light-transmitting layers that are alternately stacked. Each of the light-shielding layers has a plurality of openings respectively corresponding to a plurality of pixel regions of the image-capture device. Openings of the plurality of light-shielding layers corresponding to one pixel region are arranged along an oblique direction. The oblique direction and a normal direction of a pressing surface of the light-transmitting device have an included angle θ, and 0°<θ<90°.
Smart harbor device for intelligent updating and selection for use of transaction processing terminal devices
There are provided systems and methods for a smart harbor device for intelligent updating and selection for use of transaction processing terminal devices. A smart harbor device may be used to provide updating, servicing, and other maintenance of transaction processing terminal devices, such as EMV terminals used in retail transaction processing. The smart harbor device may include a port where the transaction processing terminal devices may be places, and the smart harbor device may connect to each of the transaction processing terminal devices. Once connected, the smart harbor device may run diagnostics to determine the statuses and conditions for each of the transaction processing terminal devices and maintenance the transaction processing terminal devices. The maintenance may be performed at times where the transaction processing terminal devices are not required for use. Additionally, the smart harbor device may intelligently select one based on statuses and device capabilities.
Unclonable environmentally-sensitive chipless RFID tag with a plurality of slot resonators
Chipless RFID tags and methods of using the same are provided. Each RFID tag provided herein can generate a unique and unclonable (unclonable chipless RFID, or UCR) identifier from its intrinsically random manufacturing process. The UCR device can monitor increase in storage temperature beyond that which is appropriate for a specific commodity to which the device is attached.
Composite pressure tank identification and tracking
A device, a system, and methods for tracking conductive composite pressurized gaseous storage tanks. The system including anchoring an RFID device in a non-conductive blind boss, wherein the anchor material has a low dielectric and has minimal reflection of RF energy.
Reading device and control program for reading device
A reading device includes an antenna having a signal radiating surface and configured to output a linearly polarized wave from the radiating surface, a movable and rotatable stage supporting the antenna and configured to move the antenna along a first direction parallel to the radiating surface of the antenna and rotate the antenna on an axis that is normal to the radiating surface of the antenna, and a tag reader connected to the antenna and configured to supply signals to the antenna for reading information from a wireless tag and to receive signals from the antenna including information read from the wireless tag.
Methods and systems for real time RFID locating onboard an aircraft
An aircraft communications and item tracking system is described. The system includes an RFID reader and a communications device located at fixed locations within the aircraft, a plurality of passive RFID tags operable for association with items within the aircraft, and a distributed antenna system comprising a plurality of antenna units and a wireless distribution system. The wireless distribution system is communicatively coupled to an aircraft communications network. The antenna units are communicatively coupled to the wireless distribution system and disbursed about the aircraft such that the RFID tags within the aircraft may be activated by signals output by at least one of the antenna units. The RFID reader and communications device are communicatively coupled to the wireless distribution system. The distributed antenna system is operable for transmission and reception of signals associated with the RFID reader and RFID tags. The distributed antenna system is further operable for transmission and reception of signals associated with the communications device.