Device for clamping a printed circuit board module in a mounting groove
A device for retaining a printed circuit board module in a mounting groove of a cold plate, the device comprising an elongated housing made of metal, which has a cross-section in the shape of a horizontal U. A pressure piece made of metal is mounted in the housing so as to be displaceable transversely relative to the rotational axis of the housing and comprises a flat clamping surface on the front side. A rotary cylinder can be rotatably mounted in the housing so as to be transversely displaceable relative to the rotational axis. During a rotation, eccentric guide elements can be used to effect a forward displacement of the rotary cylinder. The pressure piece follows the displacement of the rotary cylinder and slides outward. The waste heat of the printed circuit board module is transported via the housing and the pressure piece to the cold plate.
Playback device for aircraft
A playback device for an aircraft has a casing; a circuit board; a power unit placed away from the circuit board in a first direction; a heat sink attached to the circuit board; a cooling fan that is placed on an opposite side of the power unit with reference to the circuit board and spaced from a periphery of the casing and that sends an exhaust stream to the heat sink; a partition interposed between the circuit board and the power unit; and first outlets for letting out exhaust streams into which an exhaust stream has diverged upon collision against the partition after passing through the heat sink.
Efficient temperature forcing of semiconductor devices under test
A temperature-forcing system and method for controlling the temperature of an electronic device under test comprises a temperature-forcing head, including a face positionable in thermal contact with the device, and an evaporator, in direct or indirect thermal contact with the face; and a refrigerant circulation subsystem, including a compressor, a condenser, a flow control device for inducing a pressure drop in the refrigerant, and a conduit circuit through which the refrigerant is flowable. The subsystem cooperates with the evaporator so as to define at least one closed loop through which a corresponding bi-phase refrigerant is circulatable, so that, during circulation, the refrigerant is maintained in a liquid phase between the compressor and the flow control device and in a gaseous phase while flowing through the evaporator. The temperature of the device is therefore switchable by the head at a rapid rate of 50 to 150 degrees Celsius per minute.
Top loading cartridge
A top loading cartridge is provided herein. The top loading cartridge includes a support member, a rail member, and a lock mechanism. The support member to receive an electronic module. The rail member attached to the support member to engage with a tray that receives the top loading server cartridge. The lock mechanism to lock the top loading cartridge.
Server assembly with front opening
A server assembly having a housing and a tray mounted in the housing are provided. The tray had a top surface and a front surface, and an open position in which the top surface of the tray is accessible and a closed position in which the top surface of the tray is inaccessible. A first set of chip connections in the top surface can vertically removably receive at least one first storage device. The front surface of the tray can define at least one opening below the top surface configured to horizontally removably receive at least one second storage device. The first set of chip connections electronically couple the at least one first storage device with the server assembly and are inaccessible when the tray is in the closed position, and the openings are accessible regardless of whether the tray is in the open or closed position.
Hybrid thermoplastic gels and their methods of making
Methods, compositions, apparatuses, and systems are provided for a hybrid thermoplastic gel or sealant. The methods comprise providing (a) a base polymer having at least one functional group capable of crosslinking, (b) a functionalized extender, and (c) heat, and reacting the base polymer and functionalized extender in the presence of the heat to form the hybrid thermoplastic gel. The gel composition may comprise 5-40 wt % of a base polymer, 60-95 wt % of a functionalized extender, and 0-10 wt % of a crosslinker. A closure or interconnect system may comprise a housing, a cable, and a hybrid thermoplastic gel or sealant. A telecommunications apparatus may comprise a telecommunications component and a sealant that forms a seal with the telecommunications component. The sealant may comprise a sealant material having a first range of elongation followed by a second range of elongation.
Electronic device having display module
An electronic device is provided comprising a display module comprising a display area and a peripheral area abutting on a side of the display area, wherein the display module comprises a glass layer extending across the display area and the peripheral area, and wherein the glass layer comprises a first recess positioned over the peripheral area.
Flexible display and flexible display device
A flexible display (5) and a flexible display device are disclosed. The flexible display (5) includes a flexible display body on which a support body structure (3) is configured to provide supporting when the flexible display body is in wrapped state or un-wrapped state. The flexible display (5) and display device can prevent over-bending of a display substrate by the strength of the substrate, and can also automatically keep the display substrate flat when unwrapped, and prevent damage of the display substrate due to the over bending, and can also be worn on wrist conveniently.
Systems and methods of manufacturing printed circuit boards using blind and internal micro vias to couple subassemblies
Systems and methods of manufacturing printed circuit boards using blind and internal micro vias to couple subassemblies. An embodiment of the invention provides a method of manufacturing a printed circuit including attaching a plurality of metal layer carriers to form a first subassembly including at least one copper foil pad on a first surface, applying an encapsulation material onto the first surface of the first subassembly, curing the encapsulation material and the first subassembly; applying a lamination adhesive to a surface of the cured encapsulation material, forming at least one via in the lamination adhesive and the cured encapsulation material to expose the at least one copper foil pad, attaching a plurality of metal layer carriers to form a second subassembly, and attaching the first subassembly and the second subassembly.
Nano-copper via fill for enhanced thermal conductivity of plated through-hole via
A process of constructing a filled via of a printed circuit board comprises drilling a via hole through a body of the printed circuit board, desmearing a barrel of the via hole, metallizing a outer surface of the via barrel, electroplating the via barrel, pushing nano-copper solder into the via hole and heating the circuit board in order to melt the nano-copper solder within the via hole. The nano-copper solder improves the thermal conductivity of the printed circuit board for applications when heat needs to be conducted from one side of the printed circuit board to another.
Structure, wireless communication device and method for manufacturing structure
A first resin layer (1) has: a covered region which is covered by a second resin layer (2) and an exposed region (1a); a contact part (1b) which is provided in the exposed region (1a); and a bend part (1c) which is provided between (a) a boundary between the covered region and the exposed region (1a) and (b) the contact part (1b).
Coil component, its manufacturing method, and circuit substrate provided with the coil component
Disclosed herein is a coil component that includes a drum-shaped core having a flange portion and a winding core around which a wire is wound. The flange portion includes first and second side surface opposite to each other, and a mounting surface. The mounting surface of the flange portion includes first and second convex portions and a concave portion positioned therebetween. The first convex portion has a third side surface parallel to the first side surface of the flange portion. The second convex portion has a fourth side surface parallel to the second side surface of the flange portion. A level difference between the first side surface and the third side surface is larger than a level difference between the second side surface and the fourth side surface.
Low permeability electrical feed-through
A low permeability electrical feed-through involves a laminated structure having a conductor layer sandwiched between adjacent insulator layers, which are sandwiched between adjacent diffusion control layers, where the laminated structure provides a relatively narrow and long, high aspect ratio diffusion channel to inhibit the leakage of gas from within a sealed device to the external environment. The electrical feed-through may comprise lower and upper electrical connection pads that are positioned within different regions of the feed-through but still electrically connected by way of a first via positioned in a sealed region, the conductor layer, and a second via positioned in an external environment region.
Conductive film, method for manufacturing the same and display device comprising the same
The present application relates to a conductive film, a method for manufacturing the same, and a display device including the same.
Conductive sheet including mesh pattern having improved visibility for observation, and touch panel and display device including the same
In the mesh pattern of the conductive sheet of the invention in which openings having different shapes are arrayed in plan view, a standard deviation of an area of each of the openings is equal to or greater than 0.017 mm2 and equal to or less than 0.038 mm2, in a two-dimensional distribution of centroid positions of the openings; a standard deviation for a root mean square deviation of each of the centroid positions which are disposed along a predetermined direction, with respect to a direction perpendicular to the predetermined direction is equal to or greater than 15.0 μm; or a standard deviation over a radial direction of a value expressed by a common logarithm of a standard deviation along an angular direction in a power spectrum of the mesh pattern is equal to or greater than 0.965 and equal to or less than 1.065.
Magnet wire for 3D electronic circuitry
A method of and device for making a three dimensional electronic circuit. The method comprises coupling one or more magnet wires with a substrate along a surface contour of the substrate, immobilizing the one or more magnet wires on the substrate, and forming the electronic circuit by electrically coupling the one or more magnet wires with an integrated circuit chip.
Flexible display device
A flexible display device includes a flexible display panel, a flexible printed circuit board extending from the display panel, an integrated circuit chip that is mounted on at least one surface of the flexible printed circuit board and is configured to drive the display panel, and a protection member attached to a rear surface of the display panel. When the flexible printed circuit board is flexed to be partially positioned on the rear surface of the display panel, the protection member is positioned between the display panel and the integrated circuit chip. The flexible display device prevents the integrated circuit chip stacked with the display panel from making direct contact with the display panel using the protection member. Thus, even if the display device is deformed into, for example, a flexed or rolled state, it is possible to prevent the display panel from being damaged.
Patterned substrates with darkened conductor traces
The present disclosure provides an article having (a) a substrate having a first nanostructured surface that is antireflective when exposed to air and an opposing second surface; and (b) a conductor micropattern disposed on the first surface of the substrate, the conductor micropattern formed by a plurality of traces defining a plurality of open area cells. The micropattern has an open area fraction greater than 80% and a uniform distribution of trace orientation. The traces of the conductor micropattern have a specular reflectance in a direction orthogonal to and toward the first surface of the substrate of less than 50%. Each of the traces has a width from 0.5 to 10 micrometer. The articles are useful in devices such as displays, in particular, touch screen displays useful for mobile hand held devices, tablets and computers. They also find use in antennas and for EMI shields.
Packaged semiconductor device having a shielding against electromagnetic interference and manufacturing process thereof
A packaged device has a die of semiconductor material bonded to a support. An electromagnetic shielding structure surrounds the die and is formed by a grid structure of conductive material extending into the support and an electromagnetic shield, coupled together. A packaging mass embeds both the die and the electromagnetic shield. The electromagnetic shield is formed by a plurality of metal ribbon sections overlying the die and embedded in the packaging mass. Each metal ribbon section has a thickness-to-width ratio between approximately 1:2 and approximately 1:50.
Alloy bonded graphene sheets for enhanced thermal spreaders
A heat spreader for printed wiring boards and a method of manufacture are disclosed. The heat spreader is made from a plurality of graphene sheets that are thermo-mechanically bonded using an alloy bonding process that forms a metal alloy layer using a low temperature and pressure that does not damage the graphene sheets. The resulting heat spreader has a higher thermal conductivity than graphene sheets alone.
Beam position monitor for electron linear accelerator
The deviation of an electron beam is measured in a drift tube of a linear accelerator, the wave to be decoupled having a frequency range that corresponds to a multiple of the basic frequency of the acceleration field. Coupling probes, a mixer-based receiving concept with high dynamics and sensitivity, a method for evaluating the measuring signals and a calibration method for calibrating out non-linearities are specified. Disruptive influences through the acceleration field are minimized by the measurement method according to the invention and the frequency range to be evaluated. The high evaluated frequencies also offer geometrically small coupling probes which one can introduce into a drift tube in which only the field of the electron beam to be evaluated exists.
Apparatus and method for plasma ignition with a self-resonating device
Methods and apparatus for igniting a process plasma within a plasma chamber are provided. One or more self-resonating devices are positioned within a plasma chamber relative to a plasma generation volume within the plasma chamber. The plasma generation volume is defined by the plasma chamber. Each of the self-resonating devices generates an ignition plasma. The ignition plasmas cause a partial ionization of an ignition gas. The partially ionized ignition gas allows for ignition of a process plasma by applying an electric field to the plasma generation volume.
RF power distribution device and RF power distribution method
Provided are an RF power distribution device and an RF power distribution method. The RF power distribution device includes an impedance matching network for transferring power from an RF power source and a power distribution unit for distributing the output power from the impedance matching network to at least one electrode generating capacitively-coupled plasma. The power distribution unit includes a first reactive element connected in series to a first electrode, a variable capacitor having one end connected in parallel to the first reactive element and the first electrode and the other end grounded, and a second reactive element having one end connected to a first node where the one end of the variable capacitor and one end of the first reactance device are in contact with each other and the other end connected to a second node where a second electrode and an output terminal of the impedance matching network are connected.
Plasma electrode for a plasma arc torch with replaceable electrode tip
Plasma electrode (1) for a plasma arc torch consisting of an electrode body, at least one electrode core (4) disposed on the electrode tip, wherein the plasma electrode (1) is constructed in at least two parts and consists of the electrode tip (2) and an electrode part (3), and out of the electrode tip (2) and a electrode part (3) consists, and that the electrode tip (2) is held replaceably on the electrode part (3).
Driver for a light source
An arrangement for driving one or more light sources is provided. According to an example embodiment, the arrangement includes observing durations of active periods, wherein an active period corresponds to a continuous period of operating power being supplied to a driver apparatus, selecting one of a plurality of lighting programs for the driver apparatus in accordance with the observed durations of one or more active periods, wherein a lighting program defines the desired characteristics of light provided by the one or more light sources as a function of time for a subsequent active period, and controlling, in response to an active period, provision of operating power from the driver apparatus to the one or more light sources in accordance with the most recently selected lighting program.
Intelligent lighting control
Method for controlling a plurality of luminaire units with at least one dedicated light source, and at least functionally connected control entity incorporating a wireless transceiver, the luminaire units configured to communicate via a mesh network established utilizing the wireless transceivers thereof, wherein at least one of the luminaires is electrically connected to a user-operable switch device for controlling the luminaire, the method including detecting, at the at least one luminaire, signal triggered by switching action, determining, in response to the detection, at the at least one luminaire unit a control action of the at least one light source and a message to be wirelessly transmitted in the mesh network to enable other luminaire units in the network to execute a responsive luminaire control action as configured in the control logic entities thereof based on the captured message, and executing the control action and transmission of the message.
Illumination device and communication system
An illumination device includes a reception portion configured to receive a terminal ID stored by a radio terminal; a transmission portion configured to transmit the received terminal ID and a device ID; an illumination portion configured to emit light from a light source; and a housing portion configured to be detachably provided to the illumination portion and include a secondary battery capable of supplying power to the reception portion and the transmission portion.
Lighting system that self detects the relative physical arrangement of its sources
Systems and methods are disclosed that allow a lighting system to self-determine the relative positions of its different light sources. Direct light source to light source distances are measured and trilateration is used to locate each light source in three dimensional space. The relative position of each light source is provided with regard to the lighting system itself and does not need to refer to a GPS system or to the position or orientation of the installation. The self-determining system allows lighting systems to be quickly installed and later commissioned using the positioning information provided by the lighting system itself.
Illumination device and method for calibrating and controlling an illumination device comprising a phosphor converted LED
An illumination device described herein includes at least a phosphor converted LED, which is configured for emitting illumination for the illumination device, a first photodetector and a second photodetector. A spectrum of the illumination emitted from the phosphor converted LED comprises a first portion having a first peak emission wavelength and a second portion having a second peak emission wavelength, which differs from the first peak emission wavelength. The first photodetector has a detection range, which is configured for detecting only the first portion of the spectrum emitted by the phosphor converted LED. The second photodetector has a detection range, which is configured for detecting only the second portion of the spectrum emitted by the phosphor converted LED. Methods are provided herein for calibrating and controlling each portion of the phosphor converted LED spectrum, as if the phosphor converted LED were two separate LEDs.
LED scanning array driver chip and regulation method capable of self-regulating brightness linear change
An LED scanning array driver chip and a regulation method capable of self-regulating brightness linear change are provided. The LED scanning array driver chip is provided with LED current non-linear automatic control circuits to automatically regulate the average current of LEDs for the brightness of the LEDs to become bright or dark linearly, enabling each LED of the LED array to control the current non-linear change individually. This greatly reduces the time resource for a MCU to write registers inside the driver chip.
Quantum dot tunable assemblies and methods
A tunable light generating assembly uses ultraviolet and blue light emitting diodes to pump red and green quantum dots in a quantum dot layer to generate white light. A dielectric mirror substrate having a wavelength selective reflectance is configured to reflect ultraviolet wavelengths, and to pass blue and longer wavelengths. The portion of the ultraviolet light that is not absorbed in the quantum dot layer is reflected rather than transmitted, where it has another chance to be absorbed in the quantum dot layer, thereby increasing the overall conversion efficiency. The increased energy associated with the ultraviolet light further results in greater conversion efficiency in the quantum dot layer. The ultraviolet and blue LEDs may be driven by an electronic circuit that varies the amount of power applied to each LED to control the brightness and color balance of the generated white light.
A lighting apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention includes: a main body from which light is emitted; and a stand supporting the main body. The main body includes: an inner body connected to an end of the stand; an outer body disposed to surround the inner body at a position that is spaced apart from an outer circumferential surface of the inner body; and a light emitting module disposed inside the outer body. The outer body is rotatable in a state where the outer body is connected to the inner body.
Dimmable LED illuminant system
A dimmable LED illuminant system is provided, comprising at least two LED illuminant chains connected in parallel and/or back-to-back and having in each case at least one light emitting diode, wherein the LED illuminant system has a control unit and is fed via a supply, which is designed to receive dimming information supplied via the supply and to switch on and/or off in stages individual ones of the LED illuminant chains connected in parallel/back-to-back depending on the supplied dimming information and for the implementation thereof.
Driver assembly and method for detecting an error condition of a lighting unit
A driver assembly (100) for a lighting unit (230) comprises a control unit (110). The lighting unit (230) comprises a plurality of strands (240, 250, 260), wherein each strand comprises a series circuit (242, 252, 262) of light-emitting diodes and a current source (243, 253, 263) with a first and a second terminal (246, 256, 266), and wherein the series circuit (242, 252, 262) of diodes is connected between a supply voltage input (231) of the lighting unit (230) and the first terminal of the current source (243, 253, 263) and the second terminal (246, 256, 266) of the current source is connected to a reference potential terminal via a resistor (245, 255, 265). The control unit (110) is designed for generating a corresponding control signal for a voltage converter (210) from a respectively adjusted control value, wherein said voltage converter is designed for making available an output voltage at the supply voltage input (231) of the lighting unit (230) based on the control signal, for acquiring a measured value at each of the second terminals (246, 256, 266) of the current sources (243, 253, 263), for storing an adjusted control value for each strand (240, 250, 260) based on the acquired measured values and for detecting whether an error condition exists in one of the strands (240, 250, 260) based on the stored control values.
High-frequency heating cooker
A high-frequency heating cooker includes: a heating chamber; a high-frequency heating unit; a tray table; a tray table rotating shaft which includes a cylindrical shaft portion and which holds the tray table; and an electric motor which rotates the tray table. The electric motor is fixed to the heating chamber by an electric motor mounting plate, and is configured to transmit a force of an electric motor rotating shaft to the tray table rotating shaft. The tray table rotating shaft transmits a rotating force to the tray table, and is made of a resin molding material. The tray table rotating shaft includes a tray table rotating shaft protrusion formed on a side surface of the cylindrical shaft portion, thereby being configured not to be easily removed from interior of the heating chamber.
Terminal device and packet processing method
A packet processing method, the method includes, receiving TCP packets from a wireless access point. An A-MSDU packet is created by aggregating TCP ACK frames generated by the received TCP packets. When the current data transmission speed is less than or equal to a first threshold value and timeout for the A-MSDU packet sent to the wireless access point continuously occurs over a first predefined time, a transmission time interval is reduced by the first preset value and the packet size value is re-calculated according to the adjusted transmission time interval. When the current data transmission speed is greater than or equal to the second threshold value and the size of the created A-MSDU packet that achieves the packet size value occurs over a second predefined time, the packet size value is increased by the second preset value.
Wireless communications system, wireless station, base station, and communications method
A wireless communications system includes a base station; and a wireless station. The base station, after receiving a first control signal that includes classifying information, configures by a second control signal, transition of a communication mode and releases by a third control signal, the transition of the communication mode. The wireless station performs transition of a mode of communication by the communication mode configured by the second control signal, and releases by the third control signal, the transition of the communication mode.
Method and apparatus for establishing links and maintaining consistent link information between stations
A method including, while link status information of first and second stations conflict, one of: receiving a request signal from the second station and based on the request signal, transmitting a response signal from the first station to the second station via a previously established link, where the request signal requests establishment of a new link between the first and second stations; and transmitting a data signal including a packet to the second station, where the data signal satisfies an address resolution protocol. The method further includes: subsequent to receiving the request signal or transmitting the data signal, tearing down the link status information of the first station including changing the link status information of the first station to match the link status information of the second station; and subsequent to tearing down the link status information of the first station, establishing the new link with the second station.
Systems and methods for delay indication in a wireless message
Systems, methods, and devices for a delay indication in a wireless message are described herein. In one aspect an apparatus for wireless communication is provided. The apparatus includes a receiver configured to receive a first message from a second apparatus. In some aspects, the first message is a request-to-send (RTS) message. The access point further including a processing system, configured to generate a second message in response to reception of the first message. The second message comprising a delay indicator, the delay indicator indicating a delay after which a third message may be transmitted by the second apparatus, and a transmitter configured to transmit the second message to the second apparatus.
Adaptive UL-DL TDD configurations in a heterogneous network
Technology for adapting uplink-downlink (UL-DL) time-division duplexing (TDD) subframe configurations in a heterogeneous network (HetNet) is disclosed. One method can include a reference enhanced Node B (eNB) determining a preferred adaptive UL-DL configuration. The eNB can receive node configuration information for at least one neighboring node. The eNB can reconfigure an adaptive UL-DL configuration for at least one of the reference eNB and the at least one neighboring node based on the node configuration information and sounding reference signal (SRS) subframe scheduling of the reference eNB and the at least one neighboring eNB.
Techniques for interference mitigation in directional multi-gigabit networks
Techniques for interference mitigation in directional multi-gigabit networks are described. In one embodiment, for example, an apparatus may comprise logic, at least a portion of which is in hardware, the logic to send, from a source device, a first reverse direction grant (RDG) indicating that a sink device may transmit to the source device, detect interference with a received sink device data transmission at the source device, select a grant deferral period, and upon conclusion of the grant deferral period, send a second RDG indicating that the sink device may transmit to the source device. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
System and method for multiple station camping channels in a wireless communication network
Systems and methods for wireless communication are disclosed. In one aspect an access point transmits a message to a first device and a second device on a first channel, the message sufficient to inform the first device to camp on a first channel during a time slot and the message sufficient to inform the second device to camp on a second channel during the time slot. The access point further determines whether the first channel is busy during the time slot. If the first channel is determined to not be busy during the time slot, the access point communicates with the first device on the first channel during the time slot. If the first channel is determined to be busy during the time slot, the access point communicates with the second device on the second channel during the time slot.
Communication apparatus and communication method in wireless power transmission system
A communication apparatus in a wireless power transmission system includes an operating mode converter configured to switch an operating mode of the communication apparatus between a transmitting mode and a receiving mode according to a predetermined timing; and a transmitting unit configured to transmit state information of a channel occupied by a source including the communication apparatus using a continuous wave signal while the communication apparatus is operating in the transmitting mode irrespective of whether the communication apparatus is performing communication via the occupied channel. The source including the communication apparatus is configured to transmit wireless power. The occupied channel has been assigned to the source including the communication apparatus from a plurality of channels available in a communication cell for assignment to a plurality of sources each configured to transmit wireless power.
Over the air signaling of dynamic frequency selection (DFS) operating parameters to client devices
Over the air signaling of dynamic frequency selection operating parameters to client devices is disclosed. In an embodiment, a multi-channel master device determines a maximum range value of a radar detection umbrella associated with the multi-channel master device based on a first range representing a range at which the multi-channel master device detects a first radar transmission transmitted by a radar device at a defined transmission power; determines a compliance range value based on a second range representing a range at which the multi-channel master device detects a second radar transmission transmitted by the radar device at a dynamic frequency selection (DFS) compliance threshold transmission power; and determines a margin range value based on a third range representing a range at which the multi-channel master device detects a third radar transmission transmitted by the radar device at a transmission power that is lower than the dynamic frequency selection compliance threshold transmission power.
Communication control apparatus, communication control method, radio communication system and terminal apparatus for an extension band added to the component carrier to an excess frequency band either on an upper side or on a lower side of the component carrier
[Object] To utilize the extension band in the band-filling efficiently.[Solution] There is provided a communication control apparatus including: a communication control unit that controls radio communication performed by one or more terminal apparatuses on a component carrier having a basic bandwidth. The communication control unit sets an extension band to be added to the component carrier only to an excess frequency band either on an upper side or a lower side of the component carrier.
Integrated circuit for sequence reporting and sequence generation
Disclosed are a sequence report method and a sequence report device for reducing a signaling amount for reporting a Zadoff-Chu sequence or a GCL sequence allocated for a cell. Indexes starting at 1 are correlated to different ZC sequences and are allocated for cells so that the indexes are continuous. When such ZC sequences are reported from BS to UE, a start index indicating the start of the continuous indexes is combined with the number of allocated sequences and they are reported as allocation sequence information by a report channel. The UE and the BS share the correlation between the ZC sequences and the indexes and the UE identifies a usable sequence number according to the correlation and the allocation sequence information reported from the BS.
Methods and apparatuses for enabling provision of an additional special subframe configuration
A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided for enabling provision of an additional special subframe configuration to one or more communication devices. A method and apparatus may generate one or more parameters defining a new special subframe configuration associated with downlink communications. The new special subframe configuration is generated in addition to one or more other special subframe configurations. The new special subframe configuration includes information indicating a plurality of downlink symbols that exceed a number of downlink symbols of one of the other special subframe configurations which reduces overlap between a first system and a second system, the plurality of downlink symbols minimize interference between the first and second systems and increases utilization of resources. The method and apparatus may provide a message to one or more communication devices to enable at least a first subset of the communication devices to detect the new special subframe configuration.
Apparatus, method, and system of inter-node communication
Some demonstrative embodiments include devices, systems and/or methods of inter-node communication. For example, a first node may communicate with a second node, e.g., via a backhaul link, one or more messages including a restriction recommendation and/or a restriction setting, for example, a precoding restriction, a Relative Narrowband TX Power indication (RNTP) setting, and/or a Relative Wideband Transmit Power (RWTP) setting.
Wireless communications system that supports multiple modes of operation
A wireless communications system is presented that adapts its mode of operation between spatial and non-spatial multiplexing in response to transmission-specific variables. Mode determination logic determines, in response to a received signal, if spatial or non-spatial multiplexing should be used to transmit a subscriber datastream between the BTS and the UE. The mode determination logic receives a measure of a transmission characteristic of the signal, compares the transmission characteristic to a transmission characteristic threshold and selects either spatial or non-spatial multiplexing in response to the comparison. The transmission characteristic includes at least one of delay spread, post-processing signal-to-noise ratio, CRC failure, residual inter-symbol interference, mean square error, coherence time, and path loss.
Systems and methods utilizing an efficient TBS table design for 256QAM in a cellular communications network
Systems and methods relating to the use of a Transport Block Size (TBS) table that supports 256 Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) in a cellular communications network are disclosed. In some embodiments, a wireless device determines a TBS for a downlink transmission from a radio access node to the wireless device using a TBS table that supports both a first set of modulation schemes and 256QAM. The TBS table comprises a first set of rows from a preexisting TBS table that supports the first set of modulation schemes but not 256QAM and a second set of rows added to the preexisting TBS table to provide the TBS table, where the second set of rows substantially reuse TBS values from the first set of rows. The wireless device receives the downlink transmission from the radio access node according to the Downlink Control Information (DCI) and the TBS determined for the downlink transmission.
Downlink control management in an unlicensed or shared spectrum
Methods, apparatuses, systems, and devices are described for wireless communication. In one method, at least a first carrier may be monitored for an indication of a clear channel assessment (CCA) for a second carrier in a shared spectrum, and communication may take place using the second carrier based on the indication. In another method, a CCA may be performed for a second carrier second carrier of a shared spectrum, and an indication of the CCA for the second carrier may be transmitted on a first carrier.
Radio communication system, radio base station, and communication control method that can reduce an inter-base station interference between downlink control channels
A picocell base station (PeNB) uses a downlink control channel, the frequency band of which overlaps with the frequency band of the downlink control channel used by a macrocell base station (MeNB), to transmit downlink control information for controlling radio communication with a radio terminal (PUE) connected to the picocell base station (PeNB). The picocell base station (PeNB) comprises an X2 interface communication unit (140) which uses inter-base station communication to transmit to the macrocell base station (MeNB) usage control information for controlling the control channel usage that is the usage of a radio resource used as the downlink control channel by the macrocell base station (MeNB).
Terminal device and transmission method
A control unit (208) transmits a response signal on an uplink control channel on the basis of a rule. In the rule, error detection result pattern candidates are associated with multiple resources of the uplink control channel used in the transmission of the response signal and with phase points within each resource, and at least a specific pattern candidate, wherein the pattern for a specific error detection result with respect to downlink data of a first unit band is identical to the error detection result pattern when communication with the base station (100) occurs using only the first unit band, and the error detection results other than the specific error detection result are all NACK or DTX, is associated with the first resource of the multiple resources. In addition, at least the first resource of the multiple resources is arranged within the first unit band.
Method and device for transmitting control information
The present invention relates to a wireless communication system. Specifically, the present invention relates to a method for transmitting uplink control information and to an apparatus for the same. The present invention relates to a method and to a device for said method which comprises the steps of selecting one uplink control channel resource corresponding to a plurality of HARQ-ACKs from among a plurality of uplink control channel resources, and transmitting a bit value corresponding to the plurality of HARQ-ACKs by using the selected uplink control channel resource.
Method and arrangement for D2D discovery
A method for sending beacon signals is provided. The beacon signals are to be received by a slave device to discover the master device for Device to Device communication. The master device receives information from a network node. The information informs about a set of available peer discovery resources to be used in a peer discovery frame by the master device for sending beacon signals. The beacon signals are detected by the slave device. The master device obtains a beacon transmission probability. At each specific peer discovery frame, the master device determines according to the beacon transmission probability, whether or not a beacon signal shall be transmitted during that specific peer discovery frame. When determining to transmit a beacon signal during that specific peer discovery frame, master device sends the beacon signal by choosing one of the peer discovery resources out of the received set of available peer discovery resources.
Method for transmission of an E-DCH control channel in MIMO operations
Systems, methods, and instrumentalities are disclosed for a wireless transmit/receive unit (WTRU) to determine rank, offset, or inter-stream interference control information, for example, which may be associated with uplink MIMO operations. A method to control a WTRU may include receiving a special E-RNTI that is associated with a channel. The channel may be associated with a rank indication. The channel may be an E-AGCH-like channel. The channel may have a similar encoding structure as an E-AGCH. The channel may be an E-ROCH. The channel may be received, and it may be determined that the channel is associated with the special E-RNTI. At least one of a rank or an offset may be determined, and the WTRU may be configured with the determined rank or offset. An inter-stream interference (ISI) offset may be received, for example, via RRC signaling, and may be applied to an uplink transmission of a primary stream.
Method and apparatus for focused data communications
A method and apparatus for focused communication is disclosed. The method includes a base transmitter array in communication with at least one client device at the same frequency. The base transmitter array provides a focused data communication to the client device.
Method for using a user equipment with a first public land mobile network and with a second public land mobile network, user equipment, program and computer program product
A method for using a user equipment with a first public land mobile network and a second public land mobile network includes operating the user equipment, with respect to the first public land mobile network, according to a discontinuous reception scheme in an idle mode of the user equipment and operating the user equipment, with respect to the second public land mobile network, in a connected mode of the user equipment. In the connected mode with respect to the second public land mobile network, transmission of data from the second public land mobile network to the user equipment is prevented during a paging occasion time interval of the discontinuous reception scheme corresponding to the first public land mobile network.
Determining a customized paging area
A customized paging area is created for a wireless device comprising a first access node and at least one second access node proximate to the first access node. A unique identifier is associated with the determined first access node and the determined at least one second access node of the customized paging area. When the wireless device communicates with a third access node which is not associated with the unique identifier, a second customized paging area is created for the wireless device comprising a third access node and at least one fourth access node proximate to the third access node. A second unique identifier is associated with the determined third access node and the determined at least one fourth access node of the customized paging area.
Apparatus system and method of time-of-flight positioning via neighbor list
Systems and methods are directed to use of a neighbor list for wireless indoor navigation. The neighbor list may include related information regarding all neighboring access points (APs). The neighbor list can be transmitted, at least partially, to include the related information of a desired number of or all APs in the neighbor list from one AP to a wireless device. The neighbor list can be transmitted in a Neighbor Report Response (NRR) or a time-of-flight (ToF) Response and allow the wireless device to scan for minimal number of APs for ToF measurements. By using the neighbor list, power consumption and time can be significantly reduced during wireless indoor navigation.
Apparatuses and methods for wireless synchronization of multiple multimedia devices using a common timing framework
Apparatuses and methods for wireless synchronization of multiple multimedia devices using a common timing framework are disclosed. In one aspect, a wireless multimedia source device is configured to establish wireless connections with a plurality of multimedia sink devices. The wireless multimedia source device is further configured to calculate a correction time interval for each multimedia sink device based on a difference between a master program clock reference (MPCR) and a local program clock reference (LPCR) feedback signal from the multimedia sink device. Presentation time stamp (PTS) data is generated based on the correction time interval and provided to the multimedia sink device. In another aspect, a wireless multimedia sink device is configured to receive a correction time interval based on a difference between an MPCR for the multimedia source device and an LPCR for the multimedia sink device, and calculate an updated LPCR based on the correction time interval.
Synchronization method and base station
Embodiments of the present application provide a synchronization method and a base station. In the embodiments of the present application, a first base station receives, on at least one part of channels in a receiving band supported by the first base station, at least one first downlink synchronization signal sent by at least one second base station, and selects a first downlink synchronization signal from the at least one first downlink synchronization signal, to enable the first base station to execute time synchronization according to the selected first downlink synchronization signal, which can avoid a problem in the prior art of low reliability of time synchronization caused by low availability of a GPS signal, and relieve interference suffered by a base station from another base station caused by a problem of asynchronous receiving and sending time or inaccurate time synchronization, thereby improving signal quality of an air interface.
Method and apparatus for reporting power headroom in support of multiple link connections
Embodiments of the present invention provide a method for reporting power headroom in support of multiple link connections. The method comprises: receiving, by a user equipment, one or more configured power headroom report parameters from at least one of multiple base stations to which the multiple link connections are connected; maintaining, at the user equipment, multiple groups of power headroom report timers respectively corresponding to the multiple link connections and maintaining multiple groups of triggering conditions for reporting power headroom respectively corresponding to the multiple link connections, wherein a number of groups of the multiple groups of the power headroom report timers and the number of groups of the multiple groups of triggering conditions for reporting the power headroom are identical to the number of connections of the multiple link connections respectively; if at least one triggering condition of one group of the triggering conditions for reporting the power headroom is met with respect to a corresponding base station of the multiple base stations, then calculating the power headroom for the corresponding base station and generating a power headroom report; and sending the power headroom report to the corresponding base station.
Signal transmission power adjustment in a wireless device
A wireless device transmits a first signal in a first cell group and transmits a second signal in a second cell group. The wireless device adjusts a signal transmission power of one of the first signal and the second signal if a power value exceeds an allowable transmission power and if an overlapping in time exceeds a first duration.
Mobile station device, communication system, communication method and integrated circuit
A mobile station (MS) communicates in a plurality of subframes on a plurality of cells. The MS receives one or more PDSCHs in a plurality of downlink subframes on each of the plurality of cells. Further, the MS generates ACK/NACK for receptions of the one or more PDSCHs. The MS also selects one PUCCH resource from a plurality of PUCCH resources in an uplink subframe, in accordance with the ACK/NACK. In addition, the MS sets a transmit power for a PUCCH transmission on the selected PUCCH resource using a PUCCH format in accordance with at least one parameter. Furthermore, the MS transmits, with the set transmit power, information related to the ACK/NACK on the selected PUCCH resource. Also, the MS determines a value of the parameter in accordance with the number of cells where the one or more PDSCHs have been received in the plurality of downlink subframes.
Communication control device, communication control method, and communication control system
There is provided a communication control device including a power distribution unit configured to distribute, to one or more secondary systems, a transmission power accepted for a secondary usage of a frequency channel which is protected for a primary system, and a notification unit configured to notify each secondary system of a value of a second transmission power which is decided depending on a value of a first transmission power distributed by the power distribution unit. Upon updating the transmission power, only in a case where a value of the second transmission power which is previously notified and a value of the first transmission power which is newly distributed by the power distribution unit satisfy a predetermined condition with respect to a certain secondary system, the notification unit notifies the secondary system of a new value of the second transmission power.
Device adapter, device system, and start control method
A device adapter which is connectable to the field devices, includes an interface which is connectable to the field devices, a power source configured to supply electric power to the field devices connected to the interface, and a start controller configured to perform a start control of the field devices connected to the interface to make a total power consumption of the field devices connected to the interface be within a range permitted in accordance with an explosion-proof standard.
Determining points of interest within a geofence
Embodiments of apparatus, packages, computer-implemented methods, systems, devices, and computer-readable media are described herein for a mobile computing device with a primary processing unit configured to operate in a normal mode and a reduced power mode. The mobile computing device may include a secondary processing unit, coupled with the primary processing unit, configured to provide, to a remote computing server, location data of the mobile computing device. The secondary processing unit may be configured to receive, from the remote computing server, one or more POIs contained within a geofence, identified based on the provided location data. The providing and receiving may be performed on behalf of the primary processing unit while the primary processing unit is in the reduced power mode. Operation of the secondary power processing unit may require less power than operation of the primary processing unit in the normal mode.
Method, system and apparatus of time of flight operation
An apparatus, a system and a method of waking up a station in a wireless local area network (WLAN) to perform time of flight (ToF) measurements. A wake-up signal for waking the station may be configured for a low energy signaling.
Apparatus and method for a wireless device to receive data in an eco state
An apparatus and method for a wireless device to receive data in an eco state is provided. According to an embodiment of the disclosure, upon determining that data is to be transmitted to the wireless device in the eco state, a network node operates to transmit a unicast notification message to the wireless device in order to inform the wireless device of the impending data transmission. According to another embodiment of the disclosure, in response to receiving the unicast notification message, the wireless device operates to receive the data in accordance with the unicast notification message. To this end, the wireless device might for example try to receive data for a time period following the unicast notification message. Meanwhile, the wireless device may remain in the eco state.
Techniques for power saving operations in a wireless network
Various embodiments are generally directed to an apparatus, method and other techniques to initiate a transaction session at a transaction session start time to communicate a transaction between a first device and a second device, receive a first frame comprising information indicating an occurrence of another transaction session between other devices and a time reservation to reserve time for the other transaction session, receive a second frame comprising second information indicating a truncation of the other transaction session at a truncation time and before an expiration of the time reservation, and shift a subsequent transaction session start time for at least one subsequent transaction session between the first device and the second device based on a difference between the transaction session start time and the truncation time.
Energy efficient management of heterogeneous multi-hop wireless networks
A wireless multi-hope network of nodes including data nodes and at least one sink node. The data nodes include battery-powered nodes (BPNs) having active and sleep periods and mains-powered nodes (MPNs) having only active periods, wherein each data node transmits the packets only within corresponding active periods. A BPN includes a transceiver for transmitting and receiving data packets and a processor for determining a schedule of active and sleep periods of the BPN independently from the active and sleep periods of other data nodes in the network and independently from commands transmitted by the sink node, and a battery for providing energy to the transceiver and the processor. The processor switches the transceiver ON and OFF according to the schedule.
Gateway selection method and device
The present invention relates to the technical field of wireless communications. Disclosed are a gateway selection method and device, which are used to solve the problem of how to select a packet data gateway (PGW) for a mobile relay node (RN). In the present invention, a mobility management entity (MME) receives an initial UE message carrying identity indication information of the RN and sent by a donor base station DeNB; acquiring subscription data of the RN from a home subscriber server (HSS); the MME determining, according to the identity indication information and/or subscription data of the RN, whether the RN is a mobile RN, and if the determination is yes, selecting a PGW located in a core network as the PGW of the RN. By means of the present invention, the problem of how to select the PGW for the mobile RN is solved.
Identification-assisted wireless network connections
Systems and methods for transmitting location-specific information such as wireless network connectivity information are generally disclosed herein. One embodiment includes device configurations and techniques implemented to establish a secondary wireless network connection to exchange the location-specific information between a location-aware device and a location-unaware device. In other embodiments, the location-specific information exchanged via the secondary wireless network connection includes the transfer of the connectivity information, such as a Service Set Identifier (SSID) or network authentication information, from a primary network-aware device to establish a primary network connection at a primary network-unaware device.
Method for finding instrument for wi-fi direct P2P (peer to peer) communication and apparatus therefor
The present invention relates to a method for performing communication between terminals (D2D). Specifically, the method is characterized in that when a terminal communicating with another terminal is to perform an additional communication with yet another terminal, the channel sequence of the communicating terminal is determined, and one of the two terminals communicating with each other is defined as the channel synchronization reference terminal performing synchronization.
Method and apparatus for autonomous OFDMA beacon reception measurement
In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided. In one aspect there is provided a method. The method may include configuring the device to monitor the presence of the OFDMA beacons and the quality of the OFDMA beacon receptions. The device may transmit the beacon reports that detail the sensed beacons from the beaconing device during an OFDMA beacon opportunity. In another aspect there is provided a method. The method may include configuring a dedicated beacon quality measurement agreement between two or more devices. Based on the agreement defining the beacon transmission and reception periodicity, one device transmits a beacon and the other devices in the agreement monitor the beacon. Related apparatus, systems, methods, and articles are also described.
Method and apparatus for performing service-specific access control in wireless communication system
A method and apparatus for performing service-specific access control in a wireless communication system is provided. A user equipment (UE) acquires different sets of barring information for a voice application, a video application and other application, and decides whether or not access is allowed according to the sets of barring information for the other application if an application except the voice application and the video application is offered.
Digital message delivery using ad-hoc distributed device networking
Embodiments include method, systems and computer program products for digital message delivery using ad-hoc distributed device networking. In some embodiments, it may be determined that a first device comprising a first device cloud is within a dead zone. A second device with a second device cloud may be identified as a carrier device. Data may be transmitted to the second device cloud of the carrier device using a wireless network connection. An acknowledgement may be received from the first device that the first device cloud of the first device received the data from the second device cloud of the carrier device while in the dead zone.
Centralized status server for call management of location-aware mobile devices
Systems, methods and computer program products for utilizing location information in a virtual private branch exchange (vPBX) system are described. In some implementations, the vPBX system can use the location information to determine an availability status of a user of a mobile device (e.g., out of the office, in the office, at home, busy, and the like). The vPBX system can obtain the geographic coordinates of the mobile device and correlate these coordinates with known coordinates for locations associated with the user (e.g., the user's office, home, or other predefined locations). An inference of the user's availability can then be determined based on the correlation (e.g., whether the user is currently out of the user's office, at the user's home, or at another location). The user's availability can be made available to other users associated with the vPBX system, and can be used for call management (e.g., routing).
Data distribution to portable electronic devices
Various embodiments of systems and methods for data distribution to portable electronic devices are described herein. Initially a data server receives a data download request from one or more portable electronic devices. Next the requested data is divided into a plurality of data portions. Next based on an-hoc network, a data-transfer route between the one or more portable electronic devices and a plurality of portable electronic devices connected to the data server are identified. The data server then forwards the plurality of data portions to the plurality of portable electronic devices connected to the data server. Finally, based on the identified data-transfer route, the requested data from the one or more portable electronic devices to the other portable electronic devices is transferred.
Control apparatus and communication control method
A HEMS constituting a ZigBee network with at least one of equipment, comprises a processing unit processing an application to control the equipment, and a ZigBee control unit managing route information by each of the equipment according to a ZigBee protocol. The processing unit selects one of either a first mode or a second mode in accordance with the number of the equipment included in the ZigBee network, In the first mode, notification of the equipment to be controlled is sent from the processing unit to the ZigBee control unit, and the ZigBee control unit controls communication route to the equipment to be controlled. In the second mode, the processing unit decides the communication route to the equipment to be controlled, and notification of the communication route is sent from the processing unit to the ZigBee control unit.
Radio communication system and communication control method
A radio communication system includes: a visit information storage unit that stores plural visit information elements each indicating information on a visit to a cell visited by a user equipment; a cell visit detector that detects that the user equipment that was visiting a first cell starts a visit to a second cell differing from the first cell; a ping-ponging state determiner that determines whether a ping-ponging state has occurred, in which state start and ending of a visit to the second cell is repeated, wherein the determination is made based on a visit information element on a visit to the second cell visited by the user equipment; and a calculator that calculates a visit time length of the visit to the second cell in accordance with the determination by the ping-ponging state determiner.
A method of operating a mobile terminal for network interworking is provided. The method includes receiving at the mobile terminal a first parameter from a first wireless communication network indicating a preference for offloading a new or current data flow to another network, the first parameter comprising a value within a first range. The method further comprises obtaining at the mobile terminal a random or pseudorandom value within a second range that at least partially overlaps the first range. The method further comprises determining whether to initiate or maintain at least one data flow between the mobile terminal and the first network or another network according to the first parameter and the random or pseudorandom value.
Method of handling random access procedure with deactivation timer
A method of handling random access procedure on secondary cell in a wireless communication system is disclosed. The method comprises starting a deactivation timer for a secondary cell, performing a random access procedure for the secondary cell, and when the deactivation timer expires during the random access procedure, aborting the random access procedure or completing the random access procedure unsuccessfully.
Configuration handling-based operating method in wireless communication system and apparatus supporting same
Disclosed is an operation method carried out by user equipment in a wireless communication system. The method comprises: connecting to a first serving cell; connecting to a second serving cell; and handling configuration used for operating from the second serving cell when the second serving cell is released from being a serving cell. The first serving cell is a primary cell (PCell), and the second serving cell is a secondary cell (SCell).
Method and apparatus for enabling cell reselection for WTRU operating in discontinuous reception
A method for discontinuous reception (DRX) implemented in a wireless transmit/receive unit (WTRU) during cell reselection including initiating cell reselection; disabling DRX operation, wherein disabling DRX operation enables continuous reception; transmitting a CELL UPDATE message; receiving a CELL UPDATE CONFIRM message; and enabling DRX operation based on the received CELL UPDATE CONFIRM message.
Communication control method, user terminal, and processor
A communication control method is a method for performing offload to transfer a traffic load of a cellular base station to an access point. The communication control method comprises a step of maintaining without releasing the first connection, by a user terminal that have established a first connection with the cellular base station, even when the offload is started after establishing a second connection with the access point; and a determining step of determining, by the user terminal, whether the offload is continued or canceled after the offload is started.
Access method, base station, access point and user equipment
Embodiments of the present invention provide an access method, a base station, an access point and a user equipment. The access method includes: a base station sends a first message to an access point through a first communication interface, for requesting the access point to establish a second bearer with a user equipment UE, the second bearer being based on a second communication interface, wherein the first message carries an identifier of the UE and an identifier of an E-RAB; and the base station establishes a first bearer with the access point, the first bearer being based on the first communication interface, wherein the first bearer and the second bearer correspond to the E-RAB.
Method and apparatus for transmitting a reference signal in a relay communication system
A method and apparatus for transmitting reference signals in a relay communication system are provided. The method transmits reference signals via a type 2 relay node in a relay communication system and includes a base station (BS) allocating a plurality of antenna ports in a mutually exclusive manner so that the antenna port of the BS and the antenna port of a peripheral relay node do not overlap each other, the BS and relay node transmitting reference signals to a user equipment (UE) via the corresponding antenna ports that are mutually exclusively allocated and the BS receiving channel state information from the UE to obtain channel state information between the BS and the UE and channel state information between the relay node and the UE.
Reduced user equipment impact from performing wider bandwidth measurements
Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for wide bandwidth measurements. In some example embodiments, there is provided a method. The method may include receiving, at a user equipment, an indicator and a measurement bandwidth, wherein the indicator represents whether the user equipment is enabled to perform a wide bandwidth measurement, and wherein the received measurement bandwidth represents a maximum allowed measurement bandwidth; and performing, by the user equipment, the wide bandwidth measurement, when the received measurement bandwidth equals or exceeds a threshold and the indicator represents a request to the user equipment to perform the wide bandwidth measurement. Related apparatus, systems, methods, and articles are also described.
Distributed small-cell search
Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for distributed small cell scanning. In some example embodiments, the method may include receiving, at a first user equipment, an indication to perform a distributed scan for one or more carrier frequencies with at least a second user equipment proximate to the first user equipment; performing, by the first user equipment in response to the received indication, the distributed scan by measuring a first carrier frequency during a first time period; and sending a measurement report of the first carrier frequency, when detected by the first user equipment. Related apparatus, systems, methods, and articles are also described.
Methods and devices for adjusting signal strength of router
A method and a device are provided for adjusting signal strength of a router. In the method: the device monitors a number of terminals wirelessly connected to the router during a preset time period. The device determines a signal-strength level of the router according to the number of the terminals wirelessly connected to the router during the preset time period. The device adjusts the signal strength transmitted by the router according to the signal-strength level. Through the present disclosure, a router may automatically control the signal strength transmitted by itself.
Techniques for providing mobile device content delivery acceleration are discussed herein. Some embodiments may provide for a system including a mobile device and a mobile accelerator system. The mobile accelerator system may include point of presences (“POPs”) configured to facilitate accelerated content delivery to the mobile device from a content server. For example, the mobile device may be configured to: determine an entry POP from POPs of a mobile accelerator system; and create a dedicated transport channel with the entry POP. The entry POP of the mobile accelerator system may be configured to: receive a query to a content server from the mobile device via the dedicated transport channel; determine at least a portion a dynamic path between the mobile device and the content server; and route data transfers between the mobile device and the content server through the at least a portion of the dynamic path.
Receiver with frequency deviation detection capability and method therefor
A receiver includes an analog receiver and a digital processor. The analog receiver has an input for receiving a radio frequency (RF) signal, and an output for providing a digital intermediate frequency signal. The digital processor has an input for receiving the digital intermediate frequency signal, and an output for providing digital symbols. The digital processor measures peak-to-peak frequency deviation of the digital intermediate frequency signal, and performs a digital signal processing function on the digital intermediate frequency signal to provide the digital symbols based on the peak-to-peak frequency deviation so measured.
Transparent mesh overlay in hub-spoke satellite networks
In a satellite-based communication network comprised of a central hub and plurality of remote terminals configured to transmit data to and receive data from the central hub in accordance with EN 301 790 (DVB-RCS), and where one or more of these remote terminals may be configured to include an additional receiver module configured to receive MF-TDMA transmission of other remote terminals, a mesh receiver and methods for coupling the mesh receiver with the host remote terminal. In addition, described herein are methods for synchronizing the mesh receiver on the network's timing and frequency and for utilizing the available link power for achieving efficient connectivity.
Energy saving mode with maintained number of advertised transmit antennas
Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide techniques for wireless communications, wherein first number of transit antennas is advertised, but a different number of transmit antennas are actually used for transmission.
Managed access system with monitoring device to determine system operability
A managed access system for mobile wireless devices (MWDs) in a facility that is geographically within a wireless communications network includes a plurality of antennas arranged at the facility and at least one MWD monitoring device. Radio equipment is coupled to the antennas. A management access controller cooperates with the radio equipment to communicate with a given MWD within the facility, block outside communications via the wireless communications network when the given MWD is an unauthorized MWD, and provide outside communications when the given MWD is an authorized MWD. The management access controller cooperates with at least one MWD monitoring device to determine whether the radio equipment and at least one MWD monitoring device both detect the given MWD.
Cellular communication equipment radio resource adaptation
A cellular communication radio resource adaptor. The adaptor comprises a data store, at least one processor, a non-transitory memory, and an application. The application accesses a network management system (NMS) of an original equipment manufacturer (OEM) identified in an inventory of radio access network (RAN) equipment to read cell site equipment setting information. The application analyzes the cell site setting information and presents a map of an area overlaid with a graphical indication of the cellular communication radio resources owned or leased by a service provider and overlaid with a graphical indication of the cellular coverage areas by each cell site. The service provider may then adapt RAN equipment of the cell sites to efficiently use cellular communication radio resources.
Partitioning a coordination area in a wireless network
The present invention relates to a wireless network, and more specifically, to a method and apparatus for partitioning a coordination area in a wireless network, the method comprising: obtaining antenna directions of respective cells, base station locations of respective cells, and scope of a coordination area within the wireless network; determining an initial coordination area based on the scope of the coordination area and the base station locations in respective cells; partitioning the initial coordination area into an inner area and an outer area; partitioning the outer area into an inward area and an outward area based on the antenna directions of cells within the outer area and the base station locations of cells within the outer area; and combining the inner area and the inward area within the outer area into a new coordination area. The method is simple and easy. It may solve a problem of coordination area edge caused by partitioning a coordination area and meanwhile avoid the association between coordination areas, thereby reducing the complexity of scheduling.
Method and system for providing Wi-Fi service by Wi-Fi device
A method and a system for providing a Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) service, in which when multiple counterpart devices are selected based on manufacturer information and support information on supported functions and capability defined in a service information field of each beacon message or each probe response message, a final device is determined by checking multiple pieces of signal information of the selected counterpart devices, are provided. The method includes receiving messages from multiple counterpart devices, selecting one or more counterpart devices, each of which supports a requested service, from an identical manufacturer when the messages are received, checking multiple pieces of signal information of the selected counterpart devices when the number of the selected counterpart devices is greater than one, and determining a device having the signal information satisfying set conditions as a final device.
Systems and methods for programming, controlling and monitoring wireless networks
A system for programming, controlling and monitoring wireless networks enabling a wireless device (Dev) being utilized and integrated into car electronic control module or home (or business) alarm/security system. This system also presents a general control (robotic) device, which controls general input and output functions, where plurality of cellular handsets, internet devices can co-control, monitor, share and exchange information through the cellular, the internet networks and other wire/wireless network.
Method for synchronizing encryption information between SCell and UE
The present application discloses a method for synchronizing encryption information between a SCell and UE, which includes that: the SCell transmits a COUNT value of RB established for the UE to a PCell; the PCell transmits the COUNT value received from the SCell to the UE; and the PCell receives a COUNT value of RB established on the SCell that is saved by the UE from the UE. Or, the SCell and the UE may directly exchange the COUNT value of RB. By the present application, the security and correctness of data can be ensured.
Cloaking with footprints to provide location privacy protection in location-based services
A method for using a location-based service while preserving anonymity includes receiving a location associated with a mobile node, receiving an anonymity level associated with the mobile node, computing a region containing the location of the mobile node and a number of footprints based on the anonymity level, wherein each of the footprints from a different user, and providing the region to a location-based service to thereby preserve anonymity of the mobile node. A method also allow a mobile device or its user to specify the anonymity level by selecting a public region consistent with a user's feelings towards desired privacy.
System for controlling a vehicle computer using a mobile telephone
A vehicle computer has a vehicle display and a vehicle input device, and a mobile telephone has a mobile telephone display and a mobile telephone input device. A method for controlling the vehicle computer using the mobile telephone has the following steps: an application is run on the mobile telephone; a control command for the vehicle is entered into the application by a user using the mobile telephone input device; a software library, which can be used by multiple applications, is operated by the application; the mobile telephone is connected to the vehicle computer via a local network connection using the software library, a software interface for the software library being implemented in the vehicle computer; the control command is transmitted to the software interface; and the control command is carried out by the vehicle computer.
Cloud identification method, device and system for a double-card mobile communications device
The present invention provides a cloud identification method, device and system for a double-card mobile communications device. The cloud identification method is applicable to a double-card mobile communications terminal or a device in communication with the double-card mobile communications terminal. The method comprises: detecting whether a configuration factor matching each SIM card exists in a mobile communications terminal, and when the matched configuration factor exists, implementing matching, the configuration factor comprising at least one of basic parameter and an implementation function for providing a complete communications function; when the matching configuration factor does not exist, analyzing a system function or data, or monitoring and analyzing a system event of a conversation process, and obtaining a matching configuration factor; applying the obtained configuration factor to the mobile communications terminal application to complete the matching, and saving the basic parameter and the implementation function. The present invention changes a conventional obtaining mode, and greatly saves manpower and financial resources.
Targeted group-based discovery for wireless communication devices
Techniques described herein may provide for device discovery of direct communication paths, to enable direct mode communication, between communication devices. The discovery of the communication paths may be based on identifiers that may be defined at the application level and included in device discovery requests. In one implementation, the identifiers may be SIP-URIs (session initiation protocol (SIP)-uniform resource identifiers (URIs)).
Data usage recommendation generator
The method include receiving, by one or more computer processors, a request for data usage, the request for data usage being associated with a mobile device. The method further includes identifying, by one or more computer processors, a current data usage quantity, the current data usage quantity being associated with the mobile device. The method further includes determining, by one or more computer processors, whether the current data usage quantity is beyond a threshold data usage. The method further includes responsive to the data usage quantity being beyond the threshold data usage, receiving, by one or more computer processors, mobile device information associated with the mobile device. The method further includes analyzing, by one or more computer processors, the mobile device information. The method further includes determining, by one or more computer processors, access for the request based on the mobile device information and the current data usage quantity.
Messaging session enhancement with user data
Computer media, systems, and computer-implemented methods for enhancing SMS messaging sessions with user data are provided. A data sharing agreement between a service provider and a receiving entity, such as broadcaster or a consumer goods manufacturer, is established. A user with a wireless device sends an SMS message to the receiving entity. Data associated with the user is retrieved by the service provider in accordance with the data sharing agreement and is transmitted to the receiving entity along with the SMS message.
Mobile messaging short code translation and routing system and method
Provided herein is a system, method and product for performing address translation and routing of short codes. The embodiment described herein primarily supports the wireless and standardized SMS; however, one skilled in the art can readily appreciate that the present invention can also be applied to any mobile messaging technology, e.g., Multimedia Messaging Service (“MMS”), etc.
Mobile device safe driving
In embodiments of mobile device safe driving, a mobile device can display a device lock screen on an integrated display device, and transition from the device lock screen to display a driving mode lock screen. The transition to display the driving mode lock screen occurs without receiving a PIN code entered on the device lock screen. The mobile device implements a safe driving service that is implemented to activate a safe driving mode of the mobile device, and disable features of the mobile device while the safe driving mode is activated.
Method and system of indoor positioning of a user and delivery of information thereto
Methods and systems of indoor positioning of a user and delivery of information thereto are described. A system may include a communication device and a plurality of networked devices. The communication device may receive incoming information which is intended for receipt by a user, and transmit a request signal responsive to the receiving of the incoming information. Each of the networked devices may receive the request signal, and determine which one of the networked devices is situated to notify the user of the incoming information. The networked device situated to notify the user may proceed to notify the user of the incoming information.
Activity recognition systems and methods
Systems and methods for recognizing and/or predicting activities of a user of a mobile device are disclosed. In certain embodiments, the systems and methods may predict a future activity and/or location of a mobile device user based on current and/or historical device data and/or other personal information relating to the user. In some embodiments, probabilistic determinations and/or other statistical models may be used to predict future activities and locations of a mobile device user. The disclosed systems and methods may further utilize location and/or activity recognition and/or prediction methods to deliver personalized services to a user of a mobile device at a particular time and/or location.
Method and system for providing dash optimization for mobile devices
An approach is provided for location-based TCP throughput predictions and carrier-assisted video rate adaptation, including predicting a future location of a user device based on one or more location parameters associated with the device, a user of the device, or a combination thereof, predicting a transmission control protocol (TCP) throughput for at least one segment of a multimedia file based on the future location of the device, and transmitting the at least one segment based on the predicted TCP throughput.
Antenna positioning using data across air interface types
Disclosed herein are techniques for determining a location of an antenna supporting structure. Crowdsourced data associated with antennas that are installed on a same antenna supporting structure but are used for different air interface types and/or data from aerial images can be used, alone or in combination, to more accurately and more efficiently determine the location of the antenna supporting structure and therefore the locations of the antennas on the antenna supporting structure.
Systems, methods and tools for prioritizing the transmission of geofences based on the social influences and interactions with the geofences previously performed or discussed by associates of a user. Embodiments may search a user's social media connections and friend's lists for associates of the user that may have interacted with, commented about or used one or more of the geofences. As a function of the social influences of the user's associates, the disclosed systems, methods and tools may calculate a rating for each geofence based on the popularity of the geofence or probability that the user may enjoy interacting with the geofence. Embodiments may prioritize the transmission of the geofences being downloaded to the user's client device as a function of the ratings assigned, therefore downloading and displaying the most popular geofences and/or the geofences most likely to appeal to the user first.
User apparatus and area information notification method
A user apparatus includes processing modules that execute processing using basic area information, and an area information supply module that supplies basic area information to the processing modules. The area information supply module includes an event detection unit that detects an event, an area information acquisition unit that acquires basic area information in accordance with an event being detected, and an area information notification unit that notifies the processing modules of the basic area information. The area information acquisition unit acquires detailed area information in accordance with a request signal being received. The area information notification unit notifies a processing module of the detailed area information.
System and method to facilitate assistance in distress situations
A system may comprise a processor-based portable device having a communication unit and a position determining unit and a life circle database. One or more life circle records are defined in the life circle database. Each life circle record is associated with a position/location and comprises contact information and/or instructions to be applied for contacting at least one responder and/or for performing one or more predefined operations in case of a distress situation of a bearer of the processor-based portable device. A life circle record to be used at a distress situation is selected on the basis of a current position of the processor-based portable device.
Method and apparatus for transmitting location estimation message in wireless communication system
Provided are a method and an apparatus for transmitting a message through a terminal in a wireless communication system. The terminal receives positioning reference signals (PRS) from a reference cell and at least one of the neighbor cells, receives an auxiliary data provision message including a reference cell PRS muting sequence for indicating a muting pattern of the PRS transmitted through the reference cell and a neighbor cell PRS muting sequence for indicating the muting pattern of the PRS transmitted through at least one of the neighbor cells from an enhanced serving mobile location center (E-SMLC), and transmits a reference signal time difference (RSTD) measured on the basis of the PRS received from the reference cell and the at least one of the neighbor cells to the E-SMLC.
Method and apparatus for discovery of location context identifiers based on approximate location
As part of a localized positioning solution, a mobile device may transmit a request message to a server to obtain information about location contexts near the mobile device. In response, the server may, in some implementations, transmit a response message back to the mobile device that identifies a list of nearby LCIs and an area that encompasses these LCIs. The mobile device may store the returned LCI information and the returned area information in corresponding databases for later use. In some implementations, time limits may be placed on the returned area information after which the information is deemed stale.
Method and apparatus for estimating speed of a mobile terminal
Systems, devices and techniques for wireless communications include receiving a plurality of wireless transmissions over an observation period from a transmitter of a mobile terminal, calculating a plurality of frequency offset values based on the received plurality of wireless transmissions and estimating a speed value based on the plurality frequency offset values. In some implementations, the speed value is determined as a function of a computed frequency offset measurement error. Implementations can be made to include estimating channel characteristics in communication between a base station and the mobile terminal based on the estimated speed and optimizing a property in communications with the mobile terminal based on the estimated channel characteristics. In some implementations, the property can include a modulation scheme or scheduling of transmissions for communications between the base station and the mobile terminal.
Communication device, communication device control method and program
A communication device performs a first writing of writing, to a memory, one of application information used to activate an application and setting information used to establish communication with a second wireless communication system, transmits the written information to a communication partner device via a first wireless communication unit, performs a second writing of writing, to the memory, in a case where the transmission is performed, either the application information or the setting information, whichever was not previously written, and transmits the information written in the second writing to the communication partner device via the first wireless communication unit, in a case where the communication starts in a condition that the writing is being performed.
Local communication interception
In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus, comprising communication circuitry configured to receive a message, and execution circuitry configured to, in response to the message comprising an instruction to intercept a direct device-to-device (D2D) communication, render the apparatus capable of storing at least in part the direct device-to-device communication in at least one of the apparatus and a memory. The intercepting may comprise lawful interception.
Systems and methods for delivery of personalized audio
There is provided a media device for use in a system including a plurality of speakers. The media device includes a memory configured to store a software application, and a processor configured to execute the software application to transmit one or more audio calibration signals to the plurality of speakers for emission by the plurality of speakers, receive, from a user device, information relating to a detection of the one or more audio calibration signals by the user device, and analyze the information received from the user device to determine a position of the user device.
Orientation-responsive acoustic array control
An audio device includes a casing configured for operation in a first orientation and a second orientation different from the first orientation, an orientation input device disposed on the casing to detect an orientation of the casing relative to the direction of the force of gravity, and a plurality of acoustic drivers disposed on the casing and operable to form a plurality of acoustic interference arrays, each of which is associated with one of a plurality of audio channels. The acoustic drivers of the audio device operate in a first frequency range and modify at least one of the acoustic interference arrays in response to a change in the orientation detected by the orientation input device.
Manipulation of playback device response using signal processing
An example playback device (i) provides a center channel of audio content to one or more first audio drivers and one or more second audio drivers so that the center channel is reproduced according to a first radiation pattern and (ii) provides a side channel of audio content to the one or more first audio drivers so that the side channel is reproduced according to a second radiation pattern. The first and second radiation patterns may combine to form a response lobe that has a maximum between the respective maxima of the first and second radiation patterns. An example non-transitory computer-readable medium and an example method, both related to the example playback device, are also disclosed herein.
Method and apparatus for higher order ambisonics encoding and decoding using singular value decomposition
The encoding and decoding of HOA signals using Singular Value Decomposition includes forming (11) based on sound source direction values and an Ambisonics order corresponding ket vectors (|Y(Ω5))) of spherical harmonics and an encoder mode matrix (Ξ0χs). From the audio input signal (|χ(Ωs))) a singular threshold value (σε) determined. On the encoder mode matrix a Singular Value Decomposition (13) is carried out in order to get related singular values which are compared with the threshold value, leading to a final encoder mode matrix rank (rfine). Based on direction values (Ωl) of loudspeakers and a decoder Ambisonics order (Nl ), corresponding ket vectors (IY(Ωl )) and a decoder mode matrix (Ψ0χL) are formed (18). On the decoder mode matrix a Singular Value Decomposition (19) is carried out, providing a final decoder mode matrix rank (r find). From the final encoder and decoder mode matrix ranks a final mode matrix rank is determined, and from this final mode matrix rank and the encoder side Singular Value Decomposition an adjoint pseudo inverse (Ξ+)† of the encoder mode matrix (Ξ0χs) and an Ambisonics ket vector (Ia′s) are calculated. The number of components of the Ambisonics ket vector is reduced (16) according to the final mode matrix rank so as to provide an adapted Ambisonics ket vector (|a′l ). From the adapted Ambisonics ket vector, the output values of the decoder side Singular Value Decomposition and the final mode matrix rank an adjoint decoder mode matrix (Ψ)† is calculated (15), resulting in a ket vector (|y(Ωl )) of output signals for all loudspeakers.
Audio user interaction recognition and context refinement
A system which tracks a social interaction between a plurality of participants, includes a fixed beamformer that is adapted to output a first spatially filtered output and configured to receive a plurality of second spatially filtered outputs from a plurality of steerable beamformers. Each steerable beamformer outputs a respective one of the second spatially filtered outputs associated with a different one of the participants. The system also includes a processor capable of determining a similarity between the first spatially filtered output and each of the second spatially filtered outputs. The processor determines the social interaction between the participants based on the similarity between the first spatially filtered output and each of the second spatially filtered outputs.
Actuator systems for oral-based appliances
Actuator systems for oral-based appliances utilizing transducers which are attached, adhered, or otherwise embedded into or upon a dental or oral appliance to form a hearing aid assembly. Such oral appliances may be a custom-made device which receives incoming sounds and transmits the processed sounds via a vibrating transducer element. The transducer element may utilize electromagnetic or piezoelectric transducer mechanisms and may be positioned directly along the dentition or along an oral appliance housing in various configurations.
Optical fiber based microphone array for detecting acoustic emissions generated by an area of interest
A microphone array for detecting acoustic emissions generated by equipment. The array includes at least one grid having a plurality of sensors each including a compact arrangement of optical fiber having first and second optical fiber ends wherein the first optical fiber end of a first sensor is terminated. The array also includes an optoelectronic device coupled to a second optical fiber end of a second sensor, wherein the optoelectronic device generates laser light that is transmitted through the plurality of sensors in the grid and is reflected back to the optoelectronic device to enable detection of acoustic emissions.
A microphone includes a case including a plurality of sound holes; a first sound device installed at positions corresponding to at least two sound holes in the case; a second sound device spaced apart from the first sound device in the case and installed at a position corresponding to at least one sound hole; and a semiconductor chip electrically connected to the first sound device and the second sound device, where the at least two sound holes formed in the positions corresponding to the first sound device are each formed in upper and lower surfaces of the case on the basis of the first sound device.
Two port speaker acoustic modulator
A two-port air pump speaker that includes at least two active, phase-modulated, bi-directional shutters and an ultrasonic pumping chamber having at least two ports; a first port facing towards the listener, the forward port, and a second port facing another direction, the backward port which may be behind an acoustic baffle or inside a speaker enclosure. A two-port speaker with two active steering shutters can create continuous bi-directional airflow which leads to low distortion reproduction of low audio frequencies. The same improved design can be used also for other applications where acoustic modulation is required, especially in ultrasonic frequencies.
An electro-acoustic transducer includes a base and a plurality of vibration portions. Each of the vibration portions includes a piezoelectric transduction layer and has two connection ends and a free end. The connection portions are connected to the base, and the free ends are separated from one another. The piezoelectric transduction layers are adapted to receive electrical signals to deform, such that the vibration portions are driven to vibrate and generate corresponding acoustic waves. The vibration portions are adapted to receive acoustic waves to vibrate, such that the piezoelectric transduction layers are driven to deform and generate corresponding electrical signals.
Loudspeaker, an armature and a method
A loudspeaker having a first magnet configured to output a first magnetic field in a first magnet gap, an elongate armature extending through the first magnet gap, a first coil configured to generate a magnetic flux in the armature, a first diaphragm, a first element configured to transfer force and/or movement from the armature to the first diaphragm, a base and a first and a second support element, the first support element connecting the armature to the base at a first longitudinal position at a first side of a predetermined portion along the length of the armature, and the second support element connecting the armature to the base at a second longitudinal position at a second, opposite side of the predetermined portion. The base may flex between a U-shape and an inverted U-shape and may thus provide force to move the diaphragm.
Music and home theater wireless ceiling system
Music and home theater ceiling system that optionally replaces any type of equipment of music and home theater of ten channels; the system simplifies in one main ceiling unit and three peripheral devices any kind of device of this range and also allows the user to install, use and distribute a complicated system of this type and allows to change the channel loudspeaker layout in a very simple way just by rotating the main unit installed at the electrical outlet box of the lamp; the invention has a bridged wall switch that allows controlling the main unit device lights without interrupting its operation. The system receives the audio signal via Bluetooth® and decodes all channels to emit sounds and effects in different directions to immerse the listener into a three-dimensional sound during a movie or video playing.
A condenser microphone includes a first grounded-plate electron tube having a plate to which a dc power is supplied, and a cathode provided with an output terminal, a self-biasing circuit that is connected to the cathode of the first electron tube and that generates a grid bias voltage of the first electron tube by voltage drop with a cathode current, and a second grounded-cathode electron tube having a plate to which a series circuit of the first electron tube and the self-biasing circuit is connected as a load circuit. A positive phase output from a first condenser microphone unit is supplied to a grid of the first electron tube, and a reverse phase output from a second condenser microphone unit is supplied to a grid of the second electron tube.
Control and protection of loudspeakers
A nonlinear control system and a loudspeaker protection system. In particular, a nonlinear control system including a controller, an audio system, and a model is disclosed. The controller is configured to accept one or more input signals, and one or more estimated states produced by the model to produce one or more control signals. The audio system includes one or more transducers configured to accept the control signals to produce a rendered audio stream therefrom. An active loudspeaker with an integrated amplifier is disclosed. A loudspeaker protection system and a quality control system are disclosed. More particularly, a system for clamping the input to a loudspeaker dependent upon a bank of representative models is disclosed.
Microphone-based orientation sensors and related techniques
An orientation detector can have a first microphone, a second microphone, and a reference microphone spaced from the first microphone and the second microphone. An orientation processor can be configured to determine an orientation of the first microphone, the second microphone, or both, relative to a user's mouth based on a comparison of a relative strength of a first signal associated with the first microphone to a relative strength of a second signal associated with the second microphone. A channel selector in a speech enhancer can select one signal from among several signals based at least in part on the orientation determined by the orientation processor. A mobile communication handset can include a microphone-based orientation detector of the type disclosed herein.
An acoustic device that has a neck loop that is constructed and arranged to be worn around the neck. The neck loop includes a housing with a first acoustic waveguide having a first sound outlet opening, and a second acoustic waveguide having a second sound outlet opening. There is a first open-backed acoustic driver acoustically coupled to the first waveguide and a second open-backed acoustic driver acoustically coupled to the second waveguide.
The present disclosure provides a sound system. The sound system includes a box body and a loudspeaker arranged in the box body. An internal space of the box body is partitioned into a first chamber and a second chamber by a partition board in a sounding vibration direction of the loudspeaker. A vibration side of the loudspeaker is intercommunicated with the first chamber, and a side of the loudspeaker opposite to the vibration side is intercommunicated with the second chamber. At least one of the first chamber and the second chamber is intercommunicated with the outside.
Playback based on received sound waves
Apparatus and methods are disclosed for acoustic optimization. An example playback device includes a first transducer to at least one of output sound waves and receive sound waves, a second transducer to at least one of output sound waves and receive sound waves, and an acoustic grille positioned in relation to the first transducer, where the acoustic grille is to reflect sound waves received at a first angle of incidence.
Headphone suspension system
A headphone suspension system includes a headband assembly, a first earcup and a first suspension assembly elastically coupling the first earcup to a first end of the headband assembly. The headphone suspension system further includes a second earcup and a second suspension assembly elastically coupling the second earcup to a second end of the headband assembly.
Earphone nozzle comprising tractrix-curved acoustic passage
An earphone includes a driver and a nozzle. The driver has a transducer diaphragm. The nozzle has an internal passage having an inlet opening, an outlet opening, and a wall connecting the inlet opening and the outlet opening. The wall has an inner surface within the passage. The inner surface extends from the inlet opening to the outlet opening. The outlet opening is smaller area than the inlet opening. The inner surface is configured, based on at least one tractrix, between the inlet opening and the outlet opening. The nozzle is attached to the driver with the transducer diaphragm facing the inlet opening and the inlet opening positioned nearer to the diaphragm than is the outlet opening.
Protection assembly for ear-mounted sound-output device
A protection assembly for an ear-mounted sound-output device, the assembly comprising: one pair of sound-output unit covers, each cover having an inner space formed therein and a first open end to allow a sound-output unit of the ear-mounted sound-output device to be received in the inner space, and a coupling hole defined at a second closed end of the cover, wherein the first and second ends are opposite to each other; and one pair of connection lines, each line coupled to each of one pair of the ear-mounted sound-output unit covers at the second end of the cover, each line having a first end passing through the hole, each line having a stopper received in the inner space at the first of the line, each line having a loop at a second end of the line to allow a sound-transfer cable connected the sound-output unit to slidably pass through the loop.
Flexible earphone cover for earphones with sensors
The flexible earphone cover has a flexible main body and a flexible ear cone that extends from the main body. The flexible main body is configured to substantially encase a portion of an earphone. The flexible main body defines an internal cavity for receiving the earphone. It also defines a first opening at a side of the cavity for receiving the earphone there-through. The flexible main body defines a second opening at a side of the cavity. The flexible main body defines a third opening at a side of the cavity. The flexible main body further defines a fourth opening next to the first opening and a fifth opening next to the third opening. The flexible ear cone defines a converging passageway from the second opening to an exit configured to direct sound into an ear canal of an ear of a user.
Smartpen configured for hands free audio recording
A smartpen configured for hands free audio recording is disclosed. One example smartpen may be configured so that a microphone contained in the smartpen is automatically oriented for unobstructed reception of ambient sound when the smartpen is placed on a supporting surface. Another example smartpen may have a weight distribution that causes the smartpen to roll to a desired orientation of the microphone when the smartpen is placed on a supporting surface with the microphone in a different orientation. Still another example smartpen may have one or more surface features disposed on a surface of the body of the smartpen, where the surface features are configured to position the microphone in a desired orientation when the smartpen is placed on a supporting surface.
Ring in ring passive optical network system for providing fiber to the home with reduced number of fibers
A mini-optical line termination (OLT) includes at least one management card for providing control and management functions. A plurality of network cards having a predetermined number of ports are configured to support a predetermined number of subscribers by providing a gigabit passive optical network to the subscribers. At least one network device is coupled to an upstream device and the plurality of network cards. The at least one network device is configured to control the forwarding of data between the upstream device and the subscribers.
Optical path fault recovery
The embodiments disclosed herein provide fast recovery of a network signal path by, in the event of a failure or unacceptable degradation in a signal in the original network path, diverting the optical signal passing through the network to a preselected bypass optical path which is maintained in a warm or operational state. The optical elements on the bypass optical path are available network resources which may, during part or all of the time the bypass path is designated for a node in the primary optical path, be in use to transmit other optical signals in the network. By maintaining the resources in the designated bypass path in a warm or operating state, fast rerouting and recovery of an interrupted signal is possible.
Method for assigning and processing a label in an optical network, optical communication device, and optical communication system
The present invention discloses a method for assigning and processing a label in an optical network. The method includes: learning that a label switched path is required to be established in an optical network; generating a label, in which the label is used for indicating that a first optical channel data unit is multiplexed to a second optical channel data unit; the label includes a tributary slot type indication field that is used for indicating a tributary slot type of the second optical channel data unit, and the label further includes a tributary slot assignment indication field that is used for indicating a tributary slot occupied in the second optical channel data unit into which the first optical channel data unit is multiplexed; and sending the label to a node on the label switched path by a signaling message of GMPLS.
System and method for managing sensor network uplink and downlink communications
A network includes a supervisory sensor in communication with a wireless network and a non-supervisory sensor in communication with the supervisory sensor, wherein the non-supervisory sensor communicates with the wireless network through the supervisory sensor. The supervisory sensor may be configured to receive downloads from a server communicating through the wireless network and to collect data from the non-supervisory sensor. The supervisory sensor may be configured to transmit the collected data to a server on the wireless network. Moreover, the non-supervisory sensor and the supervisory sensor each have an active state and an inactive state and wherein the supervisory sensor may be in the active state while the non-supervisory sensor is in the inactive state.
Processing emergency alert system messages
Disclosed are methods and apparatus for processing an emergency alert message (e.g., a national warning system message e.g., an Emergency Alert System (EAS) message). The methods may comprise a digital media server receiving the message. The digital media server may notify client devices (that are connected to that server via a residential Local Area Network) that it has received such a message. The client devices notified may be those that have requested (e.g., to the digital media server) that they are notified if the digital media server receives such a message. The digital media server may convert the message from being in a first format to being in a second format. The digital media server may acquire, and provide for use by the client device, information that may be used a client device to ascertain whether the message is a new, an updated, or a duplicate message.
Method and apparatus for selection of content from a stream of data
A main stream contains successive content elements of video and/or audio information that encode video and/or audio information at a first data rate. A computation circuit (144) computes main fingerprints from the successive content elements. A reference stream is received having a second data rate lower than the first data rate. The reference stream defines a sequence of the reference fingerprints. A comparator unit (144) compares the main fingerprints with the reference fingerprints. The main stream is monitored for the presence of inserted content elements between original content elements, where the original content elements have main fingerprints that match successive reference fingerprints and the inserted content elements have main fingerprints that do not match reference fingerprints. Rendering of inserted content elements to be skipped. In an embodiment when more than one content element matches only one is rendered. In another embodiment matching is used to control zapping to or from the main stream. In another embodiment matching is used to control linking of separately received mark-up information such as subtitles to points in the main stream.
Multipath rate adaptation
An end-to-end multimedia streaming system can include a streaming server and a destination. The streaming server includes a content source, which sends multiple description coding-encoded content over a plurality of paths to the destination. The destination includes an aggregator for aggregating the descriptions from the multiple paths, decoding and recombining them to recover the content. A feedback sender at the destination generates traffic performance variables based on the channel conditions of the multiple paths, and sends these variables to a feedback receiver at the streaming server. The feedback receiver utilizes the feedback information to make adjustments to the transmissions of the content, and to synchronize the transmissions over the multiple paths.
Transcoder enabled cloud of remotely controlled devices
Various embodiments are directed to one or more transcoder devices in communication with an input device such as a remote control device and multiple destination devices in which the transcoder device(s) facilitate communication between the remote control and the various destination devices in the vicinity. The transcoder device(s) can also provide the user with an environmental awareness of conditions and events surrounding the user. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Pairing a set-top box and personal computing device using a visual code
Embodiments are configured in part to pair or associate a portable or personal computing device with a set-top box (STB) to enable use of the paired device with an associated STB. Processing of a displayed visual code can be used to establish a pairing relationship and allow a paired STB to process navigation, control, and/or other commands from a paired device.
Countermeasures against audio/video content security domain crossing
Techniques for preventing circumvention of digital rights management protections on electronic content are provided. A method according to these techniques includes receiving a content stream, obtaining samples from the content stream, generating a histogram based on the samples from the content stream, classifying the content stream as including audio content or non-audio content based on the histogram, and modifying portions of the content stream responsive to classifying the content stream as including non-audio content. The content stream can be modified such that any video content included in the content stream would be rendered unplayable, while audio content included in the content stream remains playable.
Anticipatory video signal reception and processing
A system and method that provide reduced latency in a video signal processing system. Various aspects of the present invention may comprise receiving a current request from a user for first video information. Such a request may, for example, be received with a user interface module. A first video stream and a second video stream may be received simultaneously, where the first video stream comprises the first video information currently requested by the user, and the second video stream comprises second video information not currently requested by the user. A video receiver module may, for example, perform such receiving. The first video stream may be processed to present the first video information to the user at the current time. Further, the second video stream may be pre-processed in preparation for being presented to the user in the future. A video processing module may, for example, perform such video stream processing.
Set-top box with enhanced content and system and method for use of same
A set-top box with enhanced content and system and method for use of the same are disclosed. In one embodiment, a wireless transceiver is located within a housing, which also interconnectively includes a television input, television output, a processor, and memory. The set-top box may establish a pairing with a proximate wireless-enabled interactive programmable device having a display. Content, such as the Internet, movies, music, or games, for example, may be imported from the programmable device and reformatted at the set-top box for display on a television via the television output, thereby creating an experience on the television parallel to the experience on the programmable device. Virtual remote control functionality may then be provided by a spoken sequence of words.
Video media streaming device
According to an aspect, an apparatus may include a media streaming device including electronic circuitry configured to receive media content wirelessly from a media content source, and an output cord segment having a first end portion integrally coupled to a structure of the media streaming device, and a second end portion configured to be coupled to a receiving device, where the electronic circuitry is further configured to transmit the received media content through the output cord segment to the receiving device. The apparatus may include a power cord segment having a first end portion configured to be coupled to the media streaming device, and a second end portion configured to be coupled to a power source.
Content delivery for viewing devices within a customer premises
A streaming device may broadcast multimedia content, such as television signals, to electronic devices in a customer premises. The device may include a tuner to receive a signal, corresponding to a number of television channels, and to extract a second signal corresponding to a selected channel. The device may include a media processor to transcode the extracted signal to a second encoded format. The device may further authenticate a destination device as a destination device that is authorized to receive at least some of the television channels, and receive, from the destination device, channel selection information that identifies the selected channel. The device may further include a communication interface to transmit the signal, in the second encoded format, to the destination device.
Real-time scrubbing of videos using a two-dimensional grid of thumbnail images
A computer-implemented method for traversing a video file includes populating a two-dimensional array with representative images corresponding to a portion of the video and causing the two-dimensional array to be displayed. The two-dimensional array includes a location indicator configured to traverse the two-dimensional array in a direction parallel with one dimension of the two-dimensional array in response to navigation information associated with the portion of the video. The location indicator is further configured to indicate a position in the video by highlighting one of the representative images populating the two-dimensional array. Because an end-user is provided with a large set of statically displayed representative images during navigation of a video timeline, the end-user can visually identify a desired target scene, even when traversing a the timeline relatively quickly.
Methods of and systems for content search based on environment sampling
The present disclosure provides user interface methods of and systems for displaying at least one available action overlaid on an image, comprising displaying an image; selecting at least one action and assigning a ranking weight thereto based on at least one of (1) image content, (2) current device location, (3) location at which the image was taken, (4) date of capturing the image; (5) time of capturing the image; and (6) a user preference signature representing prior actions chosen by a user and content preferences learned about the user; and ranking the at least one action based on its assigned ranking weight.
System and apparatus for enhancing delivery of media services
A system and apparatus for enhancing delivery of media services is disclosed. A system that incorporates teachings of the present disclosure may include, for example, receiving a request for content information received during a presentation of a first multimedia program on equipment. The request is provided by a signal disassociated with a satellite signal to the equipment providing the multimedia satellite service. The content information is provided to a remote mobile device concurrent with the presentation of the first multimedia program at the equipment. A selection obtained from the mobile device is identified from among the content information provided to the mobile device, and the selection is provided to the equipment. Operation of a media processor of the equipment is directed based on the selection. Additional embodiments are disclosed.
Method and system for automating advertising insertion and reconciliation
A system and method for operating an ad extraction and reconciliation system for a broadcast system includes an extraction manager module that receives an advertisement schedule for an advertisement from an ad sales module. The system also includes a controller module that receives broadcast channel schedule data for broadcast channel signal from a broadcast channel system and generating an advertising content data request signal for advertising content data including an advertisement content identifier for the advertisement. The ad extraction manager module forms an advertisement insertion schedule having advertisement content identifier and an advertising insertion spot associated with the advertising content identifier. The controller communicates the advertisement insertion schedule to a broadcast scheduling system.
Technique for providing programming content through a communications network having limited bandwidth
In a cable television system, a specific carrier is assigned to deliver programming content of a program channel to a service area for a period, defined as a function of viewership of the program channel during that period. For example, the program channel is assigned the specific carrier during the time when it has a generally strong viewership. Otherwise, the program channel is assigned a carrier on an as needed basis, i.e., only when one or more subscribers in the service area request such a program channel. Viewing statistics are generated to identify viewership patterns or viewing habits of the subscribers in the service area with respect to a given program channel. In another embodiment, based on the viewing statistics, popular and unpopular programs, program elements, program lineups, program channels are identified on a temporal and/or regional basis.
Methods circuits devices systems and associated computer executable code for transmitting a video stream to a mobile communication device
Disclosed are methods, circuits, devices, systems and associated computer executable code for transmitting video data to a client device, optionally over a wireless communication link. According to some embodiments, a video pacing agent may be integrated or otherwise functionally associated with a segment of a communication network and may regulate and/or pace video data delivery to a client device, wherein regulating and pacing may factor an estimation of a state or fullness level of a receive buffer on the client device.
DTV receiving system and method of processing DTV signal
A digital television (DTV) receiving system includes an information detector, a resampler, a timing recovery unit, and a carrier recovery unit. The information detector detects a known data sequence which is periodically inserted in a digital television (DTV) signal received from a DTV transmitting system. The resampler resamples the DTV signal at a predetermined resampling rate. The timing recovery unit performs timing recovery on the DTV signal by detecting a timing error from the resampled DTV signal using the detected known data sequence. The carrier recovery unit performs carrier recovery on the resampled DTV signal by estimating a frequency offset value of the resampled DTV signal using the detected known data sequence.
Broadcast signal transmission method and apparatus for providing HDR broadcast service
The present invention relates to a broadcast signal transmission/reception method and an apparatus therefor for providing a HDR broadcast service. The broadcast signal transmission method according to one embodiment of the present invention comprises the steps of: generating LDR video data by converting the dynamic range of HDR video data; generating residual information; generating a base layer stream by encoding the generated LDR video data; generating an enhancement layer stream by encoding the generated residual information; generating signaling information including information for decoding the enhancement layer stream; multiplexing the generated base layer stream, the enhancement layer stream and the signaling information into one broadcast stream; generating a broadcast signal including the multiplexed broadcast stream; and transmitting the generated broadcast signal.
System, device, and method for providing audiences for live video streaming
A system for live video streaming includes a live video server, including a processor, a non-transitory memory, an input/output component, an interest manager, a video content manager, a video feed manager, a broadcast controller, a social network controller, and a data bus; a live video receiving device, including an interest controller, a notification controller, and a streaming viewer; a live video broadcasting device, including a content controller and a streaming transmitter; a broadcast management system and a social network system; such that a user receives a timely notification for a live broadcast matching the users subject matter interests, such that the user can watch the live broadcast; and the system provides interested audiences to broadcasting users that provide live video content. Also disclosed is a method for live video streaming, including registering broadcast schedule; registering subject matter content; registering subject matter interest; sending notification; and watching broadcast.
Methods and apparatus for spatially varying residue coding
Methods and apparatus are provided for spatially varying residue coding. An apparatus includes a video encoder (300) for encoding picture data for at least a block in a picture by selecting a spatially varying encoding method for a residue corresponding to a difference between an original version of the block and at least one reference block. One or more transforms are used to transform a portion of the block and a remaining area of the block is encoded using an alternate encoding method with respect to the one or more transforms or is not encoded.
Method, apparatus and system for encoding and decoding the significance map for residual coefficients of a transform unit
Disclosed is a method of decoding a plurality of coding units from a bitstream of video data. The method determines a coding unit structure of the plurality of coding units from a first data block of the bitstream. The coding unit structure describes a division of a coding unit into the plurality of coding units. The method decodes, according to the determined coding unit structure, bypass encoded data for the plurality of coding units from a second data block of the bitstream. The method decodes, according to the determined coding unit structure, residual data for the plurality of coding units from a third data block of the bitstream. The method then forms the plurality of coding units from the bitstream using the residual data and the bypass encoded data. A method of encoding is also disclosed.
Video prediction encoding device, video prediction encoding method, video prediction decoding device and video prediction decoding method
A decoding device includes a decoder that decodes information of a direction of intra-picture prediction of a target block and compression data of a residual signal, a prediction signal generator that generates an intra-picture prediction signal using the information of the direction and an previously reconstructed reference sample of an adjacent block, a residual signal restorator that restores a reconstructed residual signal of the target block, and a block storage that restores and stores a pixel signal of the target block. The prediction signal generator derives reference samples from a previously reconstructed block neighboring the target block stored, selects two or more key reference samples, performs an interpolation process between the key reference samples for generating interpolated reference samples, and generates the intra-picture prediction signal by extrapolating the interpolated reference samples based on the direction of the intra-picture prediction.
Apparatus and method of compressing and restoring image using filter information
Provided is method and apparatus of compressing and restoring an image using filter information. The image compression apparatus may generate a reduced image by sampling an input image, determine filter information based on the input image and a decoded reduced image, and code the filter information and the decoded reduced image. Accordingly, a deterioration in an image quality may be prevented in transmitting the image using a limited bandwidth.
Encoding apparatus, encoding method, and image capture apparatus
An encoding apparatus includes a dividing unit that divides a target image included in an image into coding blocks, an encoding unit that encodes the target image including the coding blocks, a generating unit that generates a locally decoded image from the encoded target image, a filtering unit that applies a predetermined filtering to the locally decoded image, and a determination unit that determines, based on whether a predetermined condition is satisfied or not, whether a band offset process is applied to the locally decoded image or an edge offset process is applied to the locally decoded image.
Adaptive transform method based on in-screen prediction and apparatus using the method
Disclosed is an adaptive transform method based on an in-screen prediction, and an apparatus using the method. A method for encoding an image can comprise a step of determining in-screen prediction mode groups, and a step of transforming by using a different transform method according to the in-screen prediction mode group. As a result, transforming can be performed by applying the different transform method according to the in-screen prediction mode group.
Image encoding device, image decoding device, image encoding method, and image decoding method for generating a prediction image
When carrying out an average prediction, an intra predictor carries out a filtering process on target pixels of the intra prediction located at an upper end and a left end of the block, the filtering process using an intermediate prediction value, which is an average value of adjacent pixels of the block, and at least one adjacent pixel of the target pixel. The intra predictor also sets a filter coefficient to ½, associated with the intermediate prediction value for a target pixel at an upper left corner of the block, and sets a filter coefficient to ¼, associated with an adjacent pixel adjacent to an upper side or a left side of the target pixel. As a result, prediction errors locally occurring can be reduced, and the image quality can be improved.
Captured image compression transmission method and captured image compression transmission system
Provided is a captured image compression transmission system comprising: a sending-side system which compresses an input image and sends the compressed image data; and a receiving-side system which restores the input image on the basis of the image data received from the sending-side system; wherein the sending-side system comprises: a sending-side storage unit which stores a plurality of reference images; a sending-side image selection unit which, in accordance with the degree of priority of information included in capturing information attached to an input image, selects reference images corresponding to the information in a stepwise manner from the sending-side storage unit, and thereby specifies one reference image; a differential image compression unit which acquires differential data between the reference image specified by the sending-side image selection unit and the input image, and compresses the differential data; and a transmission unit which sends the compressed differential data to the receiving-side system.
Microscope video processing device and medical microscope system
The present invention is intended to convert a video input from a surgical microscope into a three-dimensional video. A microscope video processing device 100 includes: a microscope video acquisition unit that acquires a microscope video output from an surgical microscope 200; a video conversion unit that converts the microscope video acquired by the microscope video acquisition unit into a three-dimensional video; a surgical instrument position determination unit that determines the position of a surgical instrument in the three-dimensional video converted by the video conversion unit; a distance calculation unit that calculates a distance between a preset patient's preset surgery target region and the position of the surgical instrument determined by the surgical instrument position determination unit; and a video output unit that outputs to a display unit an output video in which distance information indicative of the distance calculated by the distance calculation unit is displayed in the three-dimensional video.
Method and apparatus for downscaling depth data for view plus depth data compression
A method, apparatus, and computer program product are disclosed for compression of a 2D-plus-depth representation based on spatial downsampling of an initial depth map. By utilizing the color image accompanying the initial depth map, it is possible to infer structural information that refines and reconstructs the initial depth map out of a heavily subsampled version of the depth map. In the process, no indexing of the exact positions of the subsampled depth values is needed, which leads to very efficient compression. An example method causes segmentation of the color image into a set of super-pixel segments, and causes downsampling of the initial depth map based on the set of super-pixel segments. The method subsequently causes generation and storage of a compressed representation based on the segmented color image and the downsampled depth map. A corresponding apparatus and computer program product are also provided.
Method for encoding a stereoscopic image
An image processing apparatus and a camera module using the same are provided, the camera module comprises first and second sensor units each outputting left and right images, and an image processing unit configured to simultaneously encoding a depth image and a color image generated from the left and right images.
Efficient dense stereo computation
Example embodiments may allow for the efficient determination of disparity information for a stereo image pair by embedding pixels of the image pair in a multidimensional dimensional vertex space. Regularly-spaced vertices in the vertex space are associated with pixels of the stereo image pair and disparity loss functions are determined for each of the vertices based on disparity loss functions of the associated pixels. The determined vertex-disparity loss functions can be used to determine vertex disparity values for each of the vertices. Disparity values for pixels of the stereo image pair can be determined based on determined vertex disparity values for respective one or more vertices associated with each of the pixels. The determined pixel disparity values can be used to enable depth-selective image processing, determination of pixel depth maps, mapping and/or navigation of an environment, human-computer interfacing, biometrics, augmented reality, or other applications.
Methods, systems, and media for generating a summarized video using frame rate modification
Methods, systems, and media for generating a summarized video using frame rate modification are provided. In some embodiments, a method for editing a video is provided, the method comprising: receiving, using a hardware processor, a video file; identifying a plurality of frames at a playback frame rate from the video file; generating an edited video file by extracting a subset of the plurality of frames, wherein the extracted frames in the subset of the plurality of frames are separated by a predetermined length in the plurality of frames and wherein extracting the subset of the plurality frames modifies a frame rate of at least a portion of the video file to an effective frame rate; storing the edited video file; and presenting the edited video file at the playback frame rate.
Laser diode voltage source controlled by video look-ahead
A scanning projector includes a programmable voltage source to provide a programmable voltage to a laser light source. A look-ahead circuit determines future voltage requirements by finding peaks in future pixel data. The programmable voltage may change for each frame of video, for each line of video, or multiple times within each line of video.
Solid state imaging device and imaging device and driving method thereof
Provided is an a imaging device that acquires a distance image excluding influence of background light in one frame scanning period and acquires a visible image in a separate frame from a single imaging sensor, and includes an infrared light source that emits infrared light, and a solid state imaging device including a plurality of first pixels and a plurality of second pixels, which respectively include vertical overflow drains, and are arranged in a matrix on a semiconductor substrate, the plurality of first pixels converting the infrared light into signal charges, and the plurality of second pixels converting visible light into signal charges. The solid state imaging device outputs a first signal obtained from the plurality of first pixels in an irradiation period of infrared light, and a second signal obtained from the plurality of first pixels in a non-irradiation period of infrared light, in a first frame scanning period, and outputs a third signal obtained from the plurality of first pixels and a fourth signal obtained from the plurality of second pixels, in a second frame scanning period.
Device for acquiring bimodal images
The invention relates to an image acquisition device comprising a sensor composed of an array of photosensitive pixels, and an array of elementary filters covering the sensor. Pixels may be of three different types: panchromatic pixels, primary colour pixels and infrared pixels. Under low illumination conditions, the device displays a monochrome image using panchromatic pixels, and under high illumination conditions, a colour image with a high signal to noise ratio, by combining primary colour images and subtracting the infrared image.
Systems and methods for transponder stacking
Systems and methods are disclosed for enabling each wideband tuner of a television converter device such as a set-top box to receive transponders from any satellite location and provide a unique feed per television converter device (e.g., per set-top box) input, giving each television converter device tuner its own set of six, eight or more transponders. The capacity of transponder stacking in the digital domain is extended to a system and method to make use of wideband tuner/demodulators. Each television converter device has a single wideband tuner/demodulator for six, eight or more transponders with each transponder being from any of all possible satellite locations. Bandwidth to each television converter device is thereby usefully increased.
Vision system for vehicle
A vision system for a vehicle includes a forward viewing camera that has a field of view through the windshield of the vehicle and is operable to capture image data. An image processor is operable to process image data captured by the forward viewing camera. Responsive at least in part to processing of captured image data, a road characteristic of a road along which the vehicle is traveling is detected. Responsive at least in part to processing of captured image data, other vehicles exterior the equipped vehicle are detected. Responsive at least in part to processing of captured image data, road curvature of the road along which the equipped vehicle is traveling is determined. Responsive at least in part to processing of captured image data, a school bus stopping signal of a school bus present within the field of view of the forward viewing camera may be detected.
Systems and methods for detection of clear air turbulence
Systems and methods for detection of clear air turbulence are provided. One system includes an image capture device suitable to capture one or more images of an optical phenomenon caused by non-horizontally oriented ice crystals. The system also includes a computer processor configured to receive the one or more images from the image capture device, analyze the one or more images by comparing one or more characteristics of the one or more images to one or more threshold values, and determine based on the comparing, an occurrence of clear air turbulence.
Identifying popular network video segments
A method for identifying popular segments of a network video comprising: receiving video player operation information for a plurality of video players operated by users accessing the network video; evaluating a popularity measure for one or more segments of the network-video using the received operation information so as to identify popular segments of the network video.
Cloud video system
A cloud video system is provided. The cloud video system includes: a cloud server and a plurality of clients. The clients are connected to the cloud server via a network, and each client has an individual role. When the first of the clients has established a video session call with other clients, the cloud server determines whether to record the video session call according to the individual role of each client in the video session call.
Providing remote visitation and other services to non-residents of controlled-environment facilities via display devices
Systems and methods for providing remote visitation and other services to non-residents of controlled-environment facilities via display devices. In some embodiments, a method may include performing, by one or more computer systems, receiving a command to initiate a remote visitation session between a resident and a non-resident of a controlled-environment facility, and enabling the non-resident's participation in the remote visitation session, wherein the non-resident participates in the remote visitation session using a display device selected from the group consisting of: a display device set, a projector, and a monitor.
When a picture displayed on a client device is enlarged, the client device may be configured to insert new pixels between two adjacent pixels in the picture. When actual values of the new pixels are stored on a server, the client device may submit a request to the server for actual values of the new pixels. Responsive to the request, the server may first calculate interpolation values in accordance with the same interpolation algorithm and then calculate a difference value based on the interpolation values and the actual values stored on the server. If the calculated difference value is greater than a threshold value, the server may transmit the actual values for the new pixels to the client device. Otherwise, the server may instruct the client device to calculate the interpolation values.
Information reproduction system, information reproduction method, information reproduction device, and access analysis device
A system, a method, and a device that can reproduce a reproduction target file recorded on a portable information recording medium and a network file acquired in response to a request of a content application are provided. In the system including video reproduction devices, the vehicle-mounted video reproduction device transmits an NF entry transmission request, stores a received NF entry as an NF table, acquires in advance an NF on the basis of a stored NF entry and stores it, and if it is determined that an NF entry corresponding to a reproduction target file exists in the NF table when an optical disc is reproduced in a player unit, executes a proxy response for reading an NF identified by the NF entry corresponding to the reproduction target file from an NF storage unit and for supplying it to the player unit.
Television receiver and electronic device
According to one embodiment, an electronic device includes: a housing configured to house an electronic component; a first housing member comprising a first wall; a second housing member comprising a second wall overlapping the first wall with a gap therebetween; a first connecting structure configured to fix the first wall and the second wall; a second connecting structure positioned closer to an end of the first wall or the second wall than the first connecting structure and configured to connect the first wall and the second wall with play between the first wall and the second wall.
Converting method and converting apparatus for converting luminance value of an input video into a second luminance value
In a converting method for converting luminance of an input video in order to display the video on a display device, the luminance of the video is a first luminance value in a first luminance range where a maximum luminance value is defined as a first maximum luminance value that exceeds 100 nit. The method includes acquiring a first luminance signal indicating a first luminance value of the video, selecting a luminance converting process to be executed from among a plurality of luminance converting processes based on a reference luminance value corresponding to reference reflectance included in first meta data of the acquired first luminance signal, converting the first luminance value indicated by the acquired first luminance signal into a second luminance value in a second luminance range where a maximum luminance value is defined as a second maximum luminance value that is smaller than the first maximum luminance value and larger than 100 nit based on the selected luminance converting process.
An object is to realize a control system capable of displaying a display screen of a television receiver (control target device) including a high-resolution display device and quickly performing processes such as a movement of the display, a change in a display magnification, a change in a display angle, and the like through intuitive operations. In the control system (1000), by specifying one point of a display screen on a second display unit (23) of a remote control device (2), that is, acquiring one-point specifying information, it is possible to perform a display position changing process (movement process) using absolute position coordinates. Accordingly, for example, when a control target device (1) serves as a television receiver (control target device) including the high-resolution display device, the second display unit (23) of the remote control device is able to display a display screen of the control target device and quickly perform movement of the display through an intuitive operation.
Image sensor pixel having multiple sensing node gains
The invention concerns an image sensor comprising: at least one pixel having a photodiode (PD); a sensing node (SN) coupled to the photodiode via a transfer gate (104); and a further node (AN) coupled to the sensing node (SN) via a first transistor (112); and a control circuit (120) adapted: to apply, during a reset operation of the voltage levels at the sensing node (SN) and further node (AN), a first voltage level (VDD) to a control node of the first transistor (112); and to apply, during a transfer operation of charge from the photodiode (PD) to the sensing node (SN), a second voltage level (VSK) to the control node of the first transistor (112), the second voltage level being lower than the first voltage level and higher than a ground voltage of the pixel.
Image pickup apparatus capable of selectively using one of correction values to correct image signals, image pickup system, signal processing method, and non-transitory computer-readable storage medium
An image pickup apparatus includes an image pickup element including a plurality of pixels corresponding to a plurality of respective micro lenses and the first photoelectric conversion portion and the second photoelectric conversion portion that are included in each of the pixels and share a corresponding one of the micro lenses, and a signal processing unit configured to correct an addition signal of outputs from the first photoelectric conversion portion and the second photoelectric conversion portion included in each of the pixels and a first signal generated from a plurality of signals of the first photoelectric conversion portions corresponding to the micro lenses, and the signal processing unit corrects the addition signal for each of the pixels and corrects the first signal for the first photoelectric conversion portions.
Apparatus and method for combining images
Provided are an image composition apparatus for composing color images with black-and-white images including infrared components, and an image composition method thereof. The image composition method includes generating a first image signal with color information and a second image signal including infrared components without color information, dividing the first image signal into a brightness signal and a color signal, composing the brightness signal of the first image signal with a brightness signal of the second image signal to generate a composed brightness signal, and composing the composed brightness signal with the color signal of the first image signal to generate a color image.
Infrared photographing device and infrared photographing method
An infrared photographing device and infrared photographing method in the invention relate to an infrared photographing device and an application field of infrared imaging detection. According to an infrared photographing device in the prior art, the objects to be photographed are selected according to subjective experience of users, with lower efficiency and omissions. According to the infrared photographing device and infrared photographing method in the invention, based on the stored object information, the object information and the sequence related to the object to be photographed is determined. Then, the special object information is designated, and the object instructing information acquired according to the special object information is displayed specially, using as the information instruction of the object to be photographed at present. When the switch instruction is sent, the designated special object information is switched according to the sequence. Thereby, the photographing speed is improved, and there are no omissions.
Optical spectrometer with enhanced spectral resolution from an unregistered tristimulus detector
A spectrometer includes a spectrogram, digital camera and signal processing to compensate for limits of system spatial resolution, spatial distortions and lack of precision spatial registration, limited dynamic range, The spectrogram is captured by a digital camera, and the corresponding image is converted to a wavelength and magnitude with mitigation of optical point spread function and potential magnitude clipping due to over-exposure. The clipped portions of the signal are reconstructed using tangential adjacent point spread functions as a reference or adjacent channel ratios as reference. Multichannel camera detectors having unique response magnitude ratios per wavelength are exploited to make associated direct mappings, thereby making improvements in wavelength resolution and accuracy to up to at least one to two orders of magnitude.
Non-destructive read operations with dynamically growing images
Methods and digital imaging devices disclosed herein are adapted to capture images of a specimen in a chemical reaction using a series of short exposures of light emissions from the specimen over a period of time. The series of short exposures is captured using an array of pixels of an image sensor in the digital imaging device that are configured for performing continuous non-destructive read operations to read out a set of non-destructive read images of the specimen from the pixel array. In one embodiment, images are captured by delaying the read out until at or near the end of the chemical reaction to reduce read noise in the images. The signals read out from the image sensor can be continuously monitored and the capturing of images can be discontinued either automatically or based on a command from a user. The captured images can then be displayed in a graphical display.
Irradiation device, irradiation method, and program for switching irradiation regions
There is provided an irradiation device including an irradiation unit configured to emit light, and an irradiation control unit configured to switch irradiation regions irradiated with the light by the irradiation unit according to a synchronization signal for controlling an exposure period of a pixel of an imaging device of an imaging unit.
Control device, control method, and exposure control system
There is provided a control device including a control unit configured to perform exposure control of a first pixel group and exposure control of a second pixel group independently of each other, the first pixel group and the second pixel group being disposed in a single imaging surface. The control unit controls gain or an exposure time of the first pixel group and gain or an exposure time of the second pixel group independently of each other.
Picture in picture recording of multiple regions of interest
Particular embodiments described herein provide for an electronic device that can include a main camera, at least one array of cameras, and a display to display an image captured by the main camera, wherein the image includes more than one region of interest and each region of interest is displayed in a separate picture in picture image on the display. A stream synchronization process module can capture the image and each separate picture in picture image as a separate video stream or as a single video stream.
Display control apparatus, control method, and storage medium
A display control apparatus determines determine whether or not light field information with which an image whose focus state has been changed can be generated is associated with a second image in a second focus state that is different from a first image in a first focus state corresponding to the light field information. If it is determined that the light field information is associated with the second image, the display control apparatus displays a first display item that notifies that the second image is present on a display device together with the first image. In response to receiving an input of an instruction on the first display item, the display control apparatus displays the second image associated with the light field information on the display device.
Tilt head, camera stage, multi-post monitor mount and camera stabilizer encompassing the same
The invention includes a payload stage with tilt head, a monitor mount and a payload plate clamping mechanism, individually, and incorporated into a camera stabilizer. The tilt head provides a curved and a straight slot each having a pivot pin disposed therein. The pivot pins are at a fixed distance from one another and thus the stage tilts as the pivot progresses with respect to the straight slot. The monitor mount provides inserts to accommodate central posts of different sizes, each designed to be axially registered to the posts and the monitor mount.
Video/vision based access control method and system for parking occupancy determination, which is robust against camera shake
Methods and systems for parking lot occupancy determination. Video of an entrance to a parking lot (or other facility) can be acquired utilizing one or more video cameras focusing on a pre-defined vision-based region of interest and a pre-defined video-based region of interest. The video can be video processed via a classifier that is pre-trained to take into account potential camera shake disturbances to generate video output data thereof. The video output data can then be trajectory smoothed. The video output data (following trajectory smoothing) can then be analyzed for parking lot occupancy data such that the impact of camera shake with respect to the video camera(s) is minimized to determine parking lot occupancy.
Camera in a headframe for object tracking
Methods and apparatus track an object with a first camera causing a second camera to also track the object. The object is a moving object. Geospatial coordinates, including an elevation or altitude of a camera are determined on the camera. A pose of the camera, including a pitch angle and an azimuth angle are also determined. Azimuth is determined by a digital compass. A camera pose including pitch is determined by accelerometers and/or gyroscopes. Cameras are communicatively connected allowing to display an image recorded by one camera being displayed on a second camera. At least one camera is on a movable platform with actuators. Actuators are controlled to minimize a difference between a first image of the object and a second image of the object. Cameras are part of a wearable headframe.
Tile-based digital image correspondence
A computing device may obtain a first captured image of a scene and a second captured image of the scene. For a plurality of m×n pixel tiles of the first captured image, the computing device may determine respective distance matrixes. The distance matrixes may represent respective fit confidences between the m×n pixel tiles and pluralities of target p×q pixel tiles in the second captured image. The computing device may approximate the distance matrixes with respective bivariate quadratic surfaces. The computing device may upsample the bivariate quadratic surfaces to obtain respective offsets for pixels in the plurality of m×n pixel tiles. The respective offsets, when applied to pixels in the plurality of m×n pixel tiles, may cause parts of the first captured image to estimate locations in the second captured image.
Zoom related methods and apparatus
Methods and apparatus for supporting zoom operations using a plurality of optical chain modules, e.g., camera modules, are described. Switching between use of groups of optical chains with different focal lengths is used to support zoom operations. Digital zoom is used in some cases to support zoom levels corresponding to levels between the zoom levels of different optical chain groups or discrete focal lengths to which optical chains may be switched. In some embodiments optical chains have adjustable focal lengths and are switched between different focal lengths. In other embodiments optical chains have fixed focal lengths with different optical chain groups corresponding to different fixed focal lengths. Composite images are generate from images captured by multiple optical chains of the same group and/or different groups. Composite image is in accordance with a user zoom control setting. Individual composite images may be generated and/or a video sequence.
Imaging apparatus and control method thereof
During capturing, image data obtained by applying a simplified development process to RAW image data is recorded together with a RAW image. Afterward, image data obtained by applying a high quality development process to the RAW image data is generated, and this image data replaces the image data obtained by the simplified development. Information indicating a state of progress of the high quality development process is displayed in association with an image, thereby enabling selection of the processes in consideration of the state of progress. It is possible to achieve an imaging apparatus capable of recording a RAW image without the need of a circuit for performing a high-speed development process and in such a manner that the RAW image can be easily reproduced when necessary.
Imaging apparatus and capture assist mark usage control method
Multiple capture assist marks (markers for capture assistance) to be synthesized with video captured by a camera unit 10 is generated by an OSD unit 20 through the control of a control unit 100. These capture assist marks are synthesized with the video from the camera unit 10 by synthesis means and displayed. In this case, an operation unit 110 is used to accept input of an instruction about the capture assist mark from a user. Based on this instruction input, the control unit 100 controls the OSD unit 20 and a baseband processing unit 30 to synthesize the capture assist mark corresponding to the instruction with a video signal from the camera unit 10.
Assisted text input for computing devices
Various approaches provide for detecting and recognizing text to enable a user to perform various functions or tasks. For example, a user could point a camera at an object with text, in order to capture an image of that object. The camera can be integrated with a portable computing device that is capable of taking the image and processing the image (or providing the image for processing) to recognize, identify, and/or isolate the text in order to send the image of the object as well as recognized text to an application, function, or system, such as an electronic marketplace.
Photographing apparatus, and method for photographing moving object with the same
A photographing apparatus includes: an image pickup section picking up an image of an object to acquire image data; a part judgment section judging a particular part of the object in the image shown based on the image data; a change-in-part judgment section judging change over time of the part of the object judged by the part judgment section; and a control section changing a photographing condition in accordance with a result of the judgment by the change-in-part judgment section, wherein the part judgment section judges a first part of the object in the image and a second part presumed from the first part; and the change-in-part judgment section judges change over time of the second part.
Control apparatus, image pickup apparatus, control method, and storage medium
A control apparatus includes a first processing unit configured to calculate correlation information between image signals, which are respectively output from one of the pixel portions positioned in one of a plurality of first regions, a focus detection unit configured to perform focus detection on the basis of a calculation result by the first processing unit, a second processing unit configured to calculate correlation information between image signals, which are respectively output from the one of the pixel portions positioned in one of a plurality of second regions, a distribution information calculation unit configured to calculate distribution information corresponding to an object distance on the basis of a calculation result by the second processing unit, and a control unit configured to control the second processing unit and the distribution information calculation unit on the basis of the correlation information calculated by the first processing unit.
Imaging apparatus and camera body
An imaging apparatus of the present disclosure includes a body, an imaging unit provided in the body, the imaging unit for capturing an image of an object and generating an image, a focus lens movable in an optical axis direction, the focus lens for adjusting a focus state of the image, an evaluation value detector for detecting a focus evaluation value of the image, a movement detector for detecting a moving direction and an amount of movement of the body in the optical axis direction, and a controller for controlling movement of the focus lens. The controller determines a direction to which the focus lens is to be moved, based on the moving direction of the body in the optical axis direction detected by the movement detector and the focus evaluation value detected by the evaluation value detector.
Imaging system improving image resolution of the system with low resolution image sensor
The present invention provides an imaging system generating a high resolution image using low resolution images taken by a low resolution image sensor. Also, the imaging system generates a wide angle of view image. Enhancement of resolution and enlargement of angle of view are accomplished by optical axis change, utilizing one or more micromirror array lenses without macroscopic mechanical movements of lenses. The imaging system also provides zoom and auto focusing functions using micromirror array lenses.
Visual inspection device
A visual inspection device includes a housing, a handle coupled to the housing that is grasped by a user while the device is in use, an articulating camera unit coupled to the housing, and a display unit coupled to the housing to display an image transmitted by the articulating camera unit.
Electroacoustic transducer and information processor
To provide a technology for offering new communication and entertainment options using speakers that are flexible enough to change their shapes. There is provided an electroacoustic transducer including an oscillator formed in a film shape, a detection section adapted to detect the apparent change in shape of the oscillator resulting from a user's act, and an audio output section adapted to output audio based on audio data stored in a given storage area via the oscillator if the change in shape is detected.
Decoder and decoding method for audio video stream synchronization
A decoding method for audio video stream synchronization is provided. The audio video stream includes multiple clock references and multiple audio and video data packets. Each of the data packets corresponds to a presentation value. The decoding method includes: reconstructing a clock value according to a first clock reference; determining whether a difference between the clock value and a first presentation value in multiple presentation values is greater than a first range; when the difference between the clock value and the first presentation value is greater than the first range, changing the clock value to a second presentation value in the multiple presentation values; and performing at least one audio video synchronization step according to the clock value set based on the second presentation value.
Image color correction
Corrected color components are obtained that correspond to an interpolation between a first and second corrected color component vector, in the first vector the color component are scaled to move a characteristic color component vector towards a target and in the second set the color components are contracted towards a reference determined by part of the color components. A position of the interpolation between the first and second corrected color component vectors is controlled by an interpolation coefficient computed from a ratio of an average value of the at least one of the color component in the input image or one or more reference images with similar content and an average obtained from the other color components of the input image or the or one or more reference images with similar content. The position of the interpolation is moved increasingly toward the second corrected color component vector with decreasing values of said ratio.
Color profile adjustment
One example relates to a print system for adjusting a color profile. The print system can comprise a system comprising a memory for storing computer executable instructions and a processing unit for accessing the memory and executing the computer executable instructions. The computer executable instructions can comprise a profile transformer to receive a color sample comprising a color measurement of a proper subset of a gamut of colors printable with ink deposited at a printer. The profile transformer can also provide an adjusted color profile for the printer based on (i) an original color profile associated with a substrate for the printer and (ii) the color sample.
Device, system and method for identifying sections of documents
A method for identifying sections of contracts. This method works well with documents that originated from scanned images, i.e., documents that could possibly include noise and misleading cues.
Method that performs from scanning to storing scan data using scan job ticket
An image scanning method includes: generating, in a terminal, a scan job ticket as a data file including a content of job to store scan data generated by scanning in a storage, the scan data being to be; sending the scan job ticket from the terminal to a scanning apparatus; receiving, in the scanning apparatus, the scan job ticket and accepting an initiation operation for initiating the job in response to the receiving of the scan job ticket; performing, in the scanning apparatus, the scanning to generate the scan data in response to the accepting of the initiation operation; and storing the scan data in the storage.
Adaptive voice-text transmission
Responsive to determining to transition a voice call from voice communications over a voice network to streamed text over a packetized data network, a voice conversation correlation identifier is created that identifies the voice call and specifies incoming and outgoing streamed text data as part of the voice call. Additional outgoing speech spoken by a user associated with the voice call is converted to streamed text data. The streamed text data identified by the voice conversation correlation identifier is sent within an outgoing text stream over the packetized data network. Streamed response text data identified by the voice conversation correlation identifier is received within an incoming text stream over the packetized data network. The received streamed response text data within the incoming text stream is converted to speech output as part of the voice call.
Audio quality in teleconferencing
A method and system for improved audio quality in teleconferencing are provided. The method includes analyzing the audio signal of multiple input lines in a teleconferencing system to detect if any two input lines contain substantially the same audio signal with a delay shorter than that of a conventional echo caused by an input line's own audio feedback via a teleconferencing server. The method further includes selecting the input line with the higher amplitude audio signal or the earlier received audio signal when two input lines with substantially the same audio signal are detected.
Rich media interactive voice response
The systems and methods are directed towards embodiments for implementing an interactive voice response (IVR) system with the voicemail system. The combination of the two systems would allow the recipient to listen to a recorded voicemail message and receive associated IVR commands that can be provided by the sender. The IVR commands allow the sender to generate customized IVR commands that provides different types of rich media based information (e.g., hyperlinks, video files, audio files) based on the sender input. Other systems and methods are also directed towards embedding active content (i.e. rich media based content) into documents.
Adjustable interactive voice response system
Provided herein are methodologies, systems, apparatus, and non-transitory computer-readable media for providing an adjustable interactive voice response (IVR) system. User identification information is received in order to determine which portions of an IVR system the user can access. The user can then search the IVR system based on a search term corresponding to a verbal phrase recognizable in the IVR system. The user can enter the search term via a GUI displayed on an electronic device. A listing of audio files or options files corresponding to the verbal phrase is then transmitted to the electronic display device. A new verbal phrase to be recognized in the IVR system is then received from the user, and a system flow including at least one of the audio files or options files is modified to correspond to the new verbal phrase.
Real-time transcription and interaction with a caller based on the transcription
Receiving a telephone call to an auto-attendant, artificial intelligence, or person takes place. While this phone call is being conducted, a speech to text transcription is created and sent in real-time to another person at another network node. This person can read the transcript and interact with the phone call by sending his or her own commands, text, or speech to be made part of the phone call.
Intelligent communication routing
A system and method for communicating in a communication network, comprising presenting a communication comprising data over a communications network to a router, said router being adapted to route the communication to one of a plurality of available network destinations; automatically executing a communication targeting algorithm in the router, based at least in part on the data, wherein the communication targeting algorithm operates to contextually jointly analyze a plurality of parameters extracted from the data and a plurality of contextual parameters, to determine an optimum target for the communication, wherein the optimum target varies in dependence on both the data and the context of the communication; and routing the communication in dependence on the algorithm execution.
Best time to call parties having multiple contacts
Technologies are disclosed for determining a best time to contact a party over a plurality of contact periods of time to achieve at least one of a desired outcome and a desired result. In various embodiments, the party has multiple contact types that can be utilized to contact the party. Accordingly, an optimal contact type for the party for each contact period is selected that identifies the contact type with a probability having the highest likelihood of achieving at least one of the desired outcome and the desired result by utilizing the contact type to contact the party during the contact period. A best time to contact the party is then identified as one of the contact periods based on the optimal contact types selected for the party for each contact period and associated probabilities.
Using graphical text analysis to facilitate communication between customers and customer service representatives
Embodiments relate to facilitating communications between customers and customer service representatives. A method for facilitating communications between customers and customer service representatives is provided. The method generates a graph of expressions of a customer. The method generates a graph of expressions of each customer service representative of a plurality of customer service representatives. The method performs a graphical text analysis on the graph for the customer to identify an interaction style of the customer. The method performs a graphical text analysis on the graph for each customer service representative to identify an interaction style of the customer service representative. The method selects a customer service representative from the plurality of the customer service representatives based on the interaction style of the customer and the interaction styles of the plurality of the customer service representative. The method starts a communication between the customer and the selected customer service representative.
Method, apparatus and application server for associating one-number two-terminal call
A method, an apparatus and an application server for associating one-number two-terminal call are provided. The method is used on the application server and includes: the application server receives a call request sent by a calling terminal for calling one-number two-terminal terminals, and sends the call request to the one-number two-terminal terminals; the application server receives first response information sent by a first terminal in the one-number two-terminal terminals for the call request, and determines whether the first response information meets an associated call condition; and if the determine result indicates that the first response information meets the associated call condition, the application server associates the call request of the calling terminal to a second terminal in the one-number two-terminal terminals.
Attaching multiple phone lines to a single mobile or landline phone
Agencies issue multiple devices to personnel for maintaining distinct identities over the course of assigned investigations. To provide flexible capabilities to agencies, a phone is converted for use with multiple attached telephone numbers. Accordingly, a single phone may be used to manage multiple identities over the course of one or more investigations. Using a multiple attached number, a given device can place and receive calls over the network to and from contacts. In addition to providing multiple attached numbers, calls using the multiple attached numbers may be monitored live and recorded to establish evidence.
Mobile electronic device, control method, and storage medium
In an aspect of embodiments, a mobile electronic device includes a storage, a display, an atmospheric pressure measurement module, a determinator, and a position corrector. The storage stores a floor map for each of floors in a building. The display displays a current position of an own device in the floor on the floor map. The atmospheric pressure measurement module measures atmospheric pressure acting on the own device. The determinator determines whether the own device is moving between the floors based on a change in the atmospheric pressure. The position corrector corrects the current position of the own device to be displayed on the floor map when the determinator determines that the own device is moving between the floors.
System and method of providing voice-message call service
Provided are a system and method of providing a voice-message call service. A mobile device that performs a call with an external mobile device comprises a control unit configured to obtain text, the text converted from voice data that is exchanged between the mobile device and the external mobile device, during the call between the mobile device and the external mobile device, and obtain input text input to the mobile device and provided text that is received from the external mobile device; and a display unit configured to arrange the text, the input text, and the provided text and display the arranged text, input text, and provided text on a screen of the device, during the call between the mobile device and the external mobile device.
Method and apparatus for quick selection from ordered list
Techniques for quick selection from an ordered list include dividing all items in the ordered list into current groups. Each current group includes a different range of the items. A corresponding plurality of icons for the plurality of current groups is presented substantively simultaneously on a display screen. One corresponding icon for each current group indicates a range of items included in the current group. In response to receiving input that indicates a particular icon corresponding to a particular group of the plurality of current groups, all items included in the particular group are divided into a plurality of next current groups. Each next current group includes a different range of the items included in the particular group. The next current group replaces the previous current group; thus, a corresponding plurality of icons for the plurality of next current groups is presented substantively simultaneously on the display screen.
Accessory and mobile computing device communication using an application communication protocol
Embodiments of the present invention provide various communication techniques for communication between a mobile computing device and an accessory. An accessory protocol that is generic to the mobile computing device can be used for some communication. An application executing at the mobile computing device can communicate with the accessory using an application communication protocol. In some embodiments, the application communication protocol can be different from the accessory communication protocol. In other embodiments the application protocol may only be recognized by the application and the accessory. In some embodiments, messages conforming to an application protocol can be communicated between the application and the accessory by packaging the messages inside a message conforming to the accessory communication protocol.
Method and apparatus for connecting a gateway router to a set of scalable virtual IP network appliances in overlay networks
A method in a gateway router is described. The method includes receiving traffic with a destination of a virtual internet protocol (VIP) address corresponding to a scalable VIP appliance; selecting a point-to-point VIP tunnel associated with the VIP address, wherein the point-to-point VIP tunnel encapsulates a point-to-point link between the gateway router and the scalable VIP appliance; separating one or more packets within the traffic; classifying each of the one or more separated packets based on one or more indicators of the one or more separated packets; and forwarding each of the one or more separated packets to one of one or more IP tunnels based on the classification of each of the separated packets, wherein the one or more IP tunnels are connected to the scalable VIP appliance and wherein the one or more IP tunnels comprise a forwarding tunnel group associated with the point-to-point VIP tunnel.
Packetized interface for coupling agents
In one embodiment, the present invention includes a fabric on a first semiconductor die to communicate with at least one agent on the die according to an on-chip protocol and a packetization layer coupled to the fabric to receive command and data information from the fabric on multiple links and to packetize the information into a packet for transmission from the die to another die via an in-package packetized link. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Frame delineation method for a generic framing procedure
A frame delineation method for a generic framing procedure (GFP) that includes: searching a serial data stream comprising GFP frames, octet by octet, to identify an eight octet sequence; and delineating GFP frames from the serial data stream in response to determining that a first group of four octets of the identified eight octet sequence comprises a valid Core Header, and in response to determining that a second group of four octets of the identified eight octet sequence comprises one of a valid Core Header and a valid descrambled Type Header.
Radio over ethernet mapper physical layer device (PHY)
A mapper physical layer device (PHY) is disclosed that performs a protocol conversion of an input data stream that is formatted according to a first wired communication protocol to provide an output data stream that is formatted according to a second wired communication protocol. The mapper PHY can be synchronized to a common reference clock or clocking source to ensure that data streams provided by multiple mapper PHYs are sufficiently aligned to satisfy frame timing alignment accuracy requirements of a wireless communication protocol.
Method for proxying communication between a content-centric network and an internet domain
A method, apparatus and computer program product are provided to proxy communication between different types of networks, such as different types of networks that communicate in accordance with different protocols or different messaging patterns. In the context of a method, communication is supported with a content-centric network having one or more clients that are configured to communicate with publish and subscribe messages. The method also supports communication with one or more nodes configured to communicate in an Internet domain, such as by supporting communication with a CoAP network or a HTTP network. The method also proxies communicating between one or more clients of the content-centric network utilizing the publish and subscribe messages and one or more nodes in the Internet domain using an Internet domain message.
Generation and distribution of named, definable, serialized tokens
A method for generating and distributing serialized tokens is provided. The method may include receiving a request from at least one client. The method may further include determining whether the received at least one request is a request for generating names and definitions for a group of serialized tokens, deleting a names and definitions, and/or receiving a group of serialized tokens. Additionally, the method may include enabling the at least one client to generate names and definitions for a group of serialized tokens. The method may also include storing the names and definitions on a server. The method may also include deleting the names and definitions from the server. The method may also include formatting and distributing serialized tokens based on the names and definitions for the serialized tokens. The method may further include sending a response to the client based on the received request.
Automated client/server operation partitioning
An operation (such as a relational query) may be processed on a processing engine (such as a relational database server) on behalf of a client. A conventional processing involves the delivery of the operation to the processing engine, which executes the entire operation to completion and returns a result data set. It may be more efficient to allocate part of the operation to be performed on the client, but a developer may be unable or unavailable to rewrite the operation in a distributed manner. Instead, the operation may be automatically partitioned into a pre-engine client portion, a processing engine portion, and a client portion, and the instructions of each portion may be automatically allocated respectively to the client, the server, and the client. The partitioning may be adjusted to conserve computing resources, such as bandwidth and storage, and the instructions may be reordered to improve the processing of the operation.
Method and system for sharing metadata between interfaces
A system communicates a client application and a web application and receives configuration data operable within the web application and the client application. The system distributes the configuration data to the client application and the web application. The distributed configuration data is then used to configure the client application and the web application.
Cloud provider selection
A system and method are disclosed for selecting a cloud provider for a virtual machine deployment. In one implementation, a processing device receives a request to launch a deployment of a virtual machine. The processing device identifies a set of two or more cloud providers, and determines a first subset of the set of cloud providers satisfying a requirement for the deployment of the virtual machine. A ranked list of cloud providers in the first subset is determined in view of a priority ranking criterion, and a probability distribution is generated in view of the ranked list. A cloud provider from the first subset is selected in view of the probability distribution, and the virtual machine is deployed in a cloud computing system of the selected cloud provider.
In particular embodiments, one or more notifications are presented on a screen of a personal computing device while the personal computing device is in a locked state. Entry of one or more user responses may be detected on the personal computing device while still in the locked state. Each user response may be associated with at least one notification. An authorization event associated with the personal computing device may be detected, thereby unlocking the personal computing device. The one or more user responses on the personal computing device may then be presented to the user for confirmation. Once user confirmation is received, confirmed user responses may then be published.
Personal audio system using processing parameters learned from user feedback
Learning personal audio systems and methods are disclosed. A learning personal audio system characterizes the digitized ambient sound so as to generate feature data for the digitized ambient sound, instructs a network interface to transmit the feature data to the remote server, requests one or more appropriate sound profiles from the remote server based upon the feature data, receives one or more selected sound profiles, selected by the remote server based upon the feature data, and initiates processing of the digitized ambient sound based upon the one or more selected sound profiles received from the remote server to generate digitized processed sound. The one or more selected sound profiles for the learning personal audio system are based upon sound profiles which are manually selected by a plurality of other users of personal audio systems similar to the learning personal audio system.
Server cluster and method for push notification service
A server cluster and method for providing a push notification service are provided. The method includes searching for, by a management server cluster, a first push server corresponding to predetermined search criteria from among a plurality of push servers upon receiving a request to connect with a push server from a mobile terminal; providing, by the management server cluster, connection information regarding the found first push server to the mobile terminal; and delivering, by the first push server, upon generation of a notification event after connecting with the mobile terminal, event information corresponding to the push notification event to the connected mobile terminal.
Non-network controller communication
The present disclosure is directed to a system for non-network controller communication. In general, an example wireless network may comprise a network controller (NC) device and at least one network member (NM) device. The at least one NM device may respond to inquiries received from outside-of-network (OoN) devices by providing at least an NC device name in a user-friendly form. This information may be provided via a new information element (IE). Should the at least one NC device later receive a service discovery request (e.g., from the OoN device), the at least one NC device may determine whether services it may provide are currently unavailable, and may then transmit a service discovery response including at least unavailable service information. In at least one embodiment, service discovery responses may also include information about current consumers of the unavailable services.
Systems and methods for data routing management
Methods and systems for data routing management are disclosed. A method can comprise a communication processing system receiving a request directed to an address. The communication processing system can determine performance capabilities of a first logical grouping of computing devices, wherein the first logical grouping of computing devices share the address. The communication processing system can determine whether at least one computing device of the first logical grouping of computing devices can receive the request. If at least one computing device of the first logical grouping of computing devices can receive the request, the request can be transmitted to the at least one computing device of the first logical grouping of computing devices. If at least one computing device of the first logical grouping of computing devices cannot receive the request, the request can be transmitted to a second logical grouping of computing devices that share the address.
Cross-device synchronization system for account-level information
Features are disclosed for synchronizing information across various devices, and using the synchronized information during subsequent content interactions. Devices may receive and/or store information, such as cookies or other account-level information, in connection with content interactions, such as content page retrieval, application execution, and the like. Information that is not device-specific can be synchronized across multiple devices, thus providing access to the information on any of the devices regardless of which device originally received or stored the information.
Multiple transaction logs in a distributed storage system
In various embodiments, methods and systems for implementing multiple transaction logs in a distributed storage system are provided. A log stream component detects performance metrics of a plurality of log streams. The performance metrics are associated with requests from partitions in the distributed storage system. A transaction component receives a request to execute a transaction using a log stream. The request is received from a partition of the distributed storage system. The performance metrics of the plurality of log streams can be referenced, where the performance metrics indicate a performance capacity of a selected log stream to process the request. A log stream for executing the transaction is determined based on the performance capacity. The log stream selected can also factor request attributes of the request. The transaction component communicates the request to be executed, using the log stream to perform the transaction.
In-band management of a network attached storage environment
An aspect includes a method for in-band management of a network attached storage environment. A client is connected via a standard network attached storage protocol to a network attached storage system using existing authorization and authentication procedures. Advanced management functions are exposed to the client via a special file system structure over the standard network attached storage protocol. The client uses existing standard network attached storage protocol functions on the special file system structure to retrieve and to invoke the advanced management functions. Result data are returned to the client using a feedback channel and the standard network attached storage protocol.
System and method for managing buffering in peer-to-peer (P2P) based streaming service and system for distributing application for processing buffering in client
A system to manage a buffering of a data stream for a peer client in a peer-to-peer based streaming service includes a buffering control unit including a processor configured to control pieces of the data stream to be buffered in a first buffer of the peer client, and to control one or more outputted pieces to be buffered in a second buffer of the peer client, the outputted pieces being outputted from the first buffer for play back of the data stream. A method for managing a buffering includes storing pieces of the data stream in a first buffer; storing one or more outputted pieces of the data stream in a second buffer; and transmitting one or more pieces stored in the first buffer or the second buffer.
Representational state transfer request routing
Examples of techniques for routing a representational state transfer (REST) request among a plurality of virtual processing systems are disclosed. In one example implementation according to aspects of the present disclosure, a computer-implemented method may include: receiving, at a load balancer, the REST request; assigning, by the load balancer, the REST request to one of a plurality of web servers, each of the plurality of web servers executing on a virtual processing system; routing, by the one of the plurality of web servers, the REST request to one of the plurality of virtual processing systems; and storing, by the one of the plurality of web servers, state information regarding the REST request to a data store.
Information processing method, and priority information sending method and device
The embodiment of the present invention provides a method for processing information and method for sending priority information and apparatus. The method for processing information includes: after receiving information sent to a logged-on account, according to the priority information corresponding to the account sent by a network side device, a terminal determining whether the priority thereof is the highest; the priority information comprises the identifiers and priorities of various terminals which log on the account; if yes, starting up a corresponding application program according to the received information; and if no, not starting up the application program corresponding to the received information. The method for sending priority information includes: a network side device determining various terminals which have already logged on the same account; for various terminals logging on the same account, the network side device sending the priority information of the account to various terminals.
Reverse seamless integration between local and remote computing environments
Methods and systems for transparent user interface integration between remote applications and their local counterparts are described, providing a seamless, unified user experience, and allowing integration of a start menu, dock, taskbar, desktop shortcuts, windows, window and application switching, system tray elements, client-to-host and host-to-client file type association, URL redirection, browser cookie redirection, token redirection, status message interception and redirection, and other elements. These methods and systems further enhance theme-integration between a client and remote desktop or virtual machine by remoting all UI elements to a recipient for generation, including text controls, buttons, progress bars, radio buttons, list boxes, or other elements; presenting them with the receiver's product and OS-specific UI; and returning status back to the sender. This may achieve a more unified and transparent UI integration. Furthermore, international text may be correctly received in cross-language environments, or translated into the language of the presenting environment.
Method and system to transmit data
In some embodiments, a publication system comprises at least one module which provides, at a publication platform accessible by users via a network, a posting portal to receive entry of data relating to an item or commentary for posting on the publication system. The posting portal includes an interface having a first user interface element to receive the item data or commentary from a user for inclusion in a posting. The module also provides an upload application associated with the interface of the posting portal. The upload application includes a second user interface element to receive from the user, via the second user interface element, a media file for inclusion in the posting. The module also automatically commences transmission of the media file over the network, for inclusion in the posting, in response to a detection that the user has moved away from the first user interface element or moved to the second user interface element.
Managing open shares in an enterprise computing environment
Methods, systems, and computer-readable media for managing open shares in an enterprise computing environment are presented. In some embodiments, a computer system may receive a request to scan one or more servers for open shares. Then, the computer system may validate one or more input files associated with the request and verify access to the one or more servers. Next, the computer system may scan the one or more servers to create a runtime share list file identifying one or more open shares. Subsequently, the computer system may identify at least one open share to be remediated and may apply one or more remediation actions to the at least one open share. Thereafter, the computer system may update an output file to include remediation information identifying the one or more remediation actions applied to the at least one open share and may send the output file.
Media toolbar and aggregated/distributed media ecosystem
A method and network architecture through which user-specific media profile data can be made available to third parties. A browser is optionally enhanced to facilitate playback and control of one or more media players, thereby allowing the user to play content via the browser. As the user plays content in the browser or any of the media players, information is collected about the content and stored in a database. By monitoring all media-related interactions made by the user within the browser, the collected content information can encompass information from a wide range of sources. User-specific profile data is then determined based on the collected data and such user-specific profile data is made available to third parties. The user-specific profile data can be used, for example, for social networking purposes, and may also be used to drive advertisements or other content to the user.
Integrating co-browsing with other forms of information sharing
Optimized browser rendering process
Implementations optimize a browser render process by identifying content neutral embedded items and rendering a web page without fetching the content neutral items. An example method includes identifying a URL pattern common to a plurality of URLs stored in fetch records and selecting a sample of URLs from the plurality. The method also includes, for each URL in the sample, determining whether the URL is optional by generating a first rendering result using content for the URL and a second rendering result without using the content for the URL and calculating a similarity score for the URL by comparing the first rendering result and the second rendering result, the URL being optional when the similarity score is greater than a similarity threshold. The method may also include storing the URL pattern in a data store of optional resource patterns when a majority of the URLs in the sample are optional.
Analyte data retriever
Methods and apparatus, including computer program products, are provided for processing analyte data. In some example implementations, a method may include receiving, at a first processing system including a user interface, an installation package including a plug-in and code configured to provide at the first processing system an interface between a sensor system configured to measure an analyte concentration level in a host and a second processing system; storing, by the first processing system, the installation package in a location based on a role of a user initiating the installation of the code; installing the plug-in for the user interface to enable the plug-in to control one or more aspects of an installation of the code; and initiating, by at least the plug-in, the installation of the code at the first processing system to provide the interface. Related systems, methods, and articles of manufacture are also disclosed.
Method and apparatus for sharing media based on social network in communication system
A method and an apparatus for sharing media using a social network in a communication system are provided. A method of a transmit terminal for sharing media using a social network includes transmitting to a media server, identification information relating to at least one counterpart terminal, generating media comprising location information associated with the media, and registering the generated media to the media server. A method of a receive terminal for sharing media using a social network includes transmitting to a media server, identification information relating to at least one counterpart terminal, transmitting location information of the receive terminal to the media server, and receiving from the media server, media corresponding to the location information among media registered by the at least one counterpart terminal.
System and method for virtual social colocation
A system and method for virtual social colocation with dynamic participation and audience among users with defined relationships are disclosed. In one embodiment, bridging of digital content and audio and/or video streams originating from one of first end points and incoming audio and/or video streams from remaining first end points is enabled on the one of the first end points. Further, first integrated audio and/or video streams and a second integrated audio and/or video stream are created based on the digital content and the audio and/or video streams originating from the one of the first end points and the incoming audio and/or video streams and sent to the remaining first end points and a virtual social colocation service (VSCS), respectively, by the one of the first end points. Also, the second integrated audio and/or video stream is broadcasted to the second end points by the VSCS.
Processing messages with a device server operating in a telephone
A system that incorporates teachings of the present disclosure may include, for example, a computer-readable storage medium in a telephone having computer instructions to execute a web server application in the telephone. The web server application can be operable to detect an incoming plain old telephone service call, identify a calling party identifier from the incoming plain old telephone service call, and direct one of a plurality of devices detected by web server application to present the calling party identifier. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Communication system for service control
In a communication system, a service centralization and continuity application server (SCC AS): receives a first SIP message for establishing an IMS centralized service session; receives early session media information; and sends a second SIP message carrying the early session media information to a media gateway control device. The early session media information is carried in the second SIP message in a form of regular session media information, thus the media gateway control device uses an existing circuit switched bearer to transmit early session media to a first user equipment. The existing circuit switched bearer is established under control of the media gateway control device for a session between the first user equipment and a third user equipment. The SCC AS receives an off-hook signal from the second user equipment, and sends the regular session media information to the media gateway control device.
Public and private hybrid distributed cloud storage system and cloud storage method
Public and private hybrid distributed cloud storage system and cloud storage method including an application system, a segmentation aggregation system, a public storage system and a private storage system. The application system provides original complete data and initiates an access request to the segmentation aggregation system. The segmentation aggregation system divides original complete data into data fragments and distributes to said public storage system and private storage system according to a preset storage proportion and receives the fragments returned by the public and private storage systems and aggregates them into the complete data, and transfers to said application system. The public storage system manages, authenticates and stores fragments. The private system manages, authenticates, counts, controls and stores fragments. The method, based on the cloud storage system, includes logging data and reading data. This invention solves problems of limited capacity private storage systems, inadequate bandwidth and security vulnerable public storage system.
DNS or network metadata policy for network control
Techniques for configuring a network based on a Domain Name System (DNS) or network metadata policy for network control are disclosed. In some embodiments, a system, process, and/or computer program product for a DNS or network metadata policy for network control includes receiving a DNS or network metadata update at a DNS server (e.g., an authoritative or recursive DNS server) or an IP Address Management (IPAM) server, in which the DNS or network metadata update is determined to be relevant to the DNS or network metadata policy for network control; and sending the DNS or network metadata update to a network controller for a network, in which the network controller configures a plurality of network devices on the network based on the DNS or network metadata policy for network control.
Context-aware compromise assessment
Assessing compromises of data security is achieved by establishing access control policies for data files in storage devices across an enterprise. A list is compiled of the data files that were accessed by processes executing on processors of the enterprise. A suspicion score is assigned to each of the processes based on deviations of in-memory behaviors of the processes from established criteria. In response to the suspicion score meeting a suspicious process criterion, the file system operations performed by the suspicious process are analyzed against the access control policies and the suspicion score is modified based on a degree to which the file system operations performed by the suspicious process violate the access control policies.
Preventing spoofing attacks for bone conduction applications
Concepts and technologies are disclosed herein for preventing spoofing attacks for bone conduction applications. According to one aspect, a device can receive an authentication signal that has propagated through a body. The device can prevent an adversary from using the authentication signal to spoof a user to be authenticated by the device. The device can also authenticate the user.
Automated security testing
A method of automated security testing includes recording a macro. The recorded macro is played and a web request is intercepted while playing the macro. The web request may be attacked and sent to a web server. A response from the web server based on the web request is received, and the response of the web server is processed to determine any vulnerabilities.
Method and device for operating a vehicle application
In a method, each received vehicle-to-X message is at least partly forwarded to at least one application of a vehicle depending on specified information of the vehicle-to-X message (N), the vehicle-to-X message comprising a digital signature. Digital signatures of the vehicle-to-X messages relevant to the decision that a specified action of the application should be carried out are validated depending on a decision signal provided in response to the vehicle-to-X messages being forwarded to the at least one application and which represents an assertion as to whether the vehicle-to-X messages comprise data causing the action to be carried out. A signal is provided depending on a result of the validation of the digital signatures, the signal representing a credibility of the vehicle-to-X messages relevant to the decision.
Protected graphical user interface for role-based application and data access
Methods, systems, and computer program products for a protected graphical user interface for role-based application and data access are provided herein. A method for controlling access on an endpoint device to at least a portion of an application includes obtaining a default configuration indicating whether one or more widget functions associated with the application are enabled in a graphical user interface; modifying one or more of the widget functions in the default configuration to a disabled status in the graphical user interface based on a privilege configuration; determining if one or more user click events generated using the graphical user interface are associated with a widget function having the disabled status; and preventing the user click events having the disabled status from being provided to an operating system for further processing, wherein at least one of the steps is carried out by a computing device.
Biometric reference information registration system, apparatus, and program
According to an embodiment, a biometric reference information storage apparatus transmits, to the biometric reference information certificate generation apparatus, a biometric authentication context including the challenge information, the hash value of the biometric reference information, and a first digital signature. The biometric reference information certificate generation apparatus verifies the challenge information and the first digital signature. The biometric reference information certificate generation apparatus transmits a biometric reference information certificate to the biometric reference information storage apparatus. The biometric reference information storage apparatus writes the biometric reference information and the biometric reference information certificate in a storage module.
Authentication system and method
A security protocol for use by computing devices communicating over an unsecured network is described. The security protocol makes use of secure data provided to a peripheral memory device from a server via a secure connection. When the peripheral memory device is coupled to a computing device that attempts to establish a secure connection to the server, the secure data is used to verify that the server is authentic. Similarly, the secure data assists the server in verifying that the request to access the server is not being made by a malicious third party.
Secure access by a user to a resource
In a method of approving access to a server network from any terminal requesting access, a communication request is sent from the terminal to a server on a first communication path. An image containing a series of symbols is communicated to the user on a communication path different from the first path. From the image the user calculates a response based upon a particular pattern in the image defining certain symbols which are then used in an operation to determine from the symbols a response which is different from the symbols. A comparison is made between the response received and a previously stored response to assess whether access should be allowed.
Artificial intelligence encryption model (AIEM) with device authorization and attack detection (DAAAD)
A user of a client device establishes a secure connection to a server (or other) device without using public keys or third-party certification by entering only a subset of characters in a username associated with the user and a one-time-use password at the client device; an application on the client device collects information regarding the hardware, software, or network information related to the client device or biometric information related to the user. Data sent between the client and server is encrypted (and thereafter transmitted) using the subset of characters, one-time-use password, and collected information. Communications between the client and server may be monitored to detect a man-in-the-middle attacker, and a security strength may be varied accordingly.
Generation and validation of derived credentials
A CAC/PIV certificate associated with a HSPD-12 identity is used to generate a derived credential for storage on a device, such as a mobile device, that lacks a CAC/PIV card reader. The derived credential (which is distinct from the original CAC/PIV certificate) may then be used to grant the device access to secure resources that may otherwise require a CAC/PIV certificate. Embodiments of the present disclosure also relate to systems and methods for authenticating or validating a derived credential stored on a mobile device.
Secure authorization for accessing content on a shareable device
Described is a process for securely authorizing access to media content from a first device to a second device. Access to content may be authorized by performing authentication from the first device. Information used for authentication (e.g. login information) is not shared with the second device. Instead, a token may be used to authenticate the second device. The authorization process may be done in a secure manner by sharing only the generated token with the second device. Authentication information may not be derived from the token, and accordingly, even if the second device is not secure or the token is exposed, authentication information remains secure.
Workflow directed resource access
Systems and method for the management of resource dependent workflows are provided. One or more resource control devices monitor usage of a computing resource by server computing devices. Each resource control device may direct a server computing device to proceed with a workflow or to pause processing a workflow. A resource control device may further direct a server computing device to take resource conserving actions. When a computing resource is determined to be available, a resource control device may direct a paused server computing device to resume a workflow.
Spray arm assemblies for dishwasher appliances
Spray arm assemblies for dishwasher appliances are provided. A spray arm assembly includes a first spray arm. The first spray arm includes an arm member, the arm member defining an interior and a plurality of apertures in fluid communication with the interior. The arm member further extends along and is rotatable about a longitudinal axis. The spray arm assembly further includes a central housing defining and rotatable about a central axis, the central axis generally perpendicular to the longitudinal axis. In some embodiments, the spray arm assembly further includes a bevel drive assembly disposed within the central housing. The bevel drive assembly is configured to rotate the arm member about the longitudinal axis when the central housing rotates about the central axis. The bevel drive assembly includes a drive member, an axle member, and an idler member, the axle member mounted to the arm member.
Embodiments of the present invention disclose a method, system, and computer program product for bluesalt security. A computer receives a confidential data configuration wherein specific sensor are assigned to specific confidential information. The assigned sensors are measured for values as a system administrator enters a password corresponding to the confidential information. The measured values are converted into a salt and concatenated with the password to generate a primary key. The primary key is used to encrypt the confidential information, then the primary key is encrypted using a secondary key comprised of a second password with a second set of sensor information as the salt. The encrypted key is saved securely while the secondary key is destroyed. In order to decrypt the confidential information, a user must replicate the password and sensor values to generate the primary or secondary key.
Relay proxy providing secure connectivity in a controlled network environment
A computer system for accessing remote content stored outside of a local network from within the local network comprises a relay proxy and a plurality of applications. The relay proxy receives a first request from a first application and a second request from a second application, the first and second requests identifying first and second remote content items respectively. The relay proxy forwards the first and second requests to a proxy server that manages network traffic entering and leaving the local network. The relay proxy receives responses to the first and second requests, with the response to the first request including the first remote content item and the response to the second request including the second remote content item. The relay proxy forwards the first and second remote content items to the first and second applications respectively.
Methods and systems for context-based application firewalls
Context-based application firewall functionality. A user session is initiated with a client device. The user session allows access a remote resource on a server device coupled with the client device over a network. The connection between the client device and the remote resource is through an application firewall. An application firewall context setup is performed with the application firewall in response to the user session. The application firewall context comprises firewall context information to be used during the user session to perform network and application security operations with the application firewall. A response is created to provide information from the remote resource to the client device. The response includes metadata to be used to update the firewall context information. The firewall context information is updated with the application firewall based on the metadata. The response is transmitted to the client device.
Cooperated approach to network packet filtering
An apparatus, system, method, and machine-readable medium are disclosed. In one embodiment the apparatus is a network interface controller that includes one virtual function owned by a virtual machine present in the computer system. The controller includes a simple filtering agent that is associated with the first virtual function. The agent enforces simple filter rules for received network packets. The simple filter rules are capable of blocking the network packets from reaching the virtual machine. The apparatus also includes another virtual function that is owned by a virtual machine monitor present in the computer system. The controller also includes a side bounce filtering agent to forward the first network packet to the second virtual function if the first packet is blocked by the at least one of the one or more simple filter rules.
Overlay management protocol for secure routing based on an overlay network
A method for creating a secure network is provided. The method comprises establishing an overlay domain to control routing between overlay edge routers based on an underlying transport network, wherein said establishing comprises running an overlay management protocol to exchange information within the overlay domain; in accordance with the overlay management protocol defining service routes that exist exclusively within the overlay domain wherein each overlay route includes information on at least service availability within the overlay domain; and selectively using the service routes to control routing between the overlay edge routers; wherein the said routing is through the underlying transport network in a manner in which said overlay routes is shared with the overlay edge routers but not with the underlying transport network via the overlay management protocol.
Context-aware network and situation management for crypto-partitioned networks
This disclosure describes a context aware scalable dynamic network whereby network information concerning network elements in an untrusted (Black) network are gathered by network sensors, stored at a network sensor collector, and sent to another network sensor collector in a trusted (Red) network through a one-way guard. At the Red network, the network information from the Black network may be combined with network information from one or more Red networks. The combined network information may then be used to visualize a cross-domain network topology of both Red and Black networks, and to implement network management functions.
Method and system for the creation, modification and removal of a distributed virtual customer home gateway
The at least one distributed virtual CPE comprising at least one IP Edge node, at least one Carrier Grade NAT node, at least one User Configuration Server and at least one Line Configuration Server, the method creating said at least one distributed virtual CPE upon the reception of traffic from a home in the access line corresponding to said home; modifying said at least one distributed virtual CPE upon a customer request; removing said at least one distributed virtual CPE, upon a traffic inactivity timeout detected in said access line or upon an administrative command; and associating a line identifier and a customer identifier to said at least one distributed virtual CPE, wherein said association, termed vCPE context, is known partially or totally by the at least one IP Edge node, the at least one Carrier Grade NAT, the at least one User Configuration Server and the at least one Line Configuration Server, and is kept active during the whole life cycle of said distributed virtual CPE from the creation to the removal.
Method and system for efficiently locating in a database a user profile in an IMS network
Method and system for processing a request associated with a user from a requesting node to an answering node in a telecommunications network. A repository is associated with the answering node, the repository including a data structure including a plurality of user profiles associated with a plurality of users. In the answering node a user profile of the plurality of user profiles is associated with the user. The method comprising the steps of assigning a unique user index to each user profile in the data structure, wherein the user index is representative of the location of the user profile within the data structure, communicating at least one user index to the requesting node, incorporating the user index in the request by the requesting node, transmitting the request from the requesting node to the answering node, and retrieving the user profile associated with the user associated with the request by the answering node on the basis of the user index.
Accessing third-party communication service via a social networking system
A user interface in a social networking system enables users to connect to and interact with each other using a third-party communication service, such as a VoIP or video chat service. A user initiates an interaction with another user in the social networking system, which passes the users' information to the third-party communication service provider to allow it to provide the requested service. The social networking system may pass an encrypted identifier for the users so that the third-party communication service does not have access to the real identities of the social networking system's users. A user of the social networking system may use this process to video conference with users of the third-party communication service, rather than just other users of the social networking system, and vice versa.
Preferred name presentation in online environments
The present invention allows an on-line user to specify the name by which that user is known when communicating with other target users, regardless of the name under which the sending user is currently logged-in. The invention also provides a mechanism to block messages from sending parties that are not willing to divulge their real identity.
Method and apparatus for processing message
A method for a mobile terminal to process a message, including: receiving a message, the message including a sender identification for a sender of the message and communication information; and updating an address book locally stored in the mobile terminal based on the sender identification and the communication information.
Structured communication framework
In a structured communication system, a message is received at a server from a communication application of a first client device. Based on content of the message, an unstructured portion of the message and a predefined set of allowable responses to the message are identified. The message is then outputted to a second client device. A response is received to the message from the second client device. The server determines whether response to the message complies with the predefined set of allowable responses to the message. Responsive to the response not complying, an invalid response message is sent to the second client device indicating that the response is not compliant. Responsive to the response complying, the response is sent to the first client device.
End-to end lossless Ethernet in Ethernet fabric
One embodiment of the present invention provides a computing system. The computing system includes a packet processor, a buffer management module, a data monitoring module, and a flow control module. The packet processor identifies a class of service indicating priority-based flow control associated with a remote computing system from a notification message. The buffer management module creates a buffer dedicated for frames belonging to the class of service from the remote computing system in response to identifying the class of service. The data monitoring module detects a potential overflow of the buffer. The flow control module operates in conjunction with the packet processor to generate a pause frame in response to detecting a potential overflow.
Apparatus and method to improve compression and storage data
Methods, computer-readable media and apparatuses to improve storage and compression of data are disclosed. A processor receives a data stream, wherein the data stream comprises multiplexed data from a plurality of different sources, analyzes the data stream to identify a source of the plurality of different sources for each block of data of the data stream, demultiplexes the data stream based on the source of the each block of data of the data stream and applies a compression to the data stream that is demultiplexed based on the source of the each block of data of the data stream.
Enhanced media quality management
A device for transmitting a media stream over a network, the device comprising: a quality estimator configured to maintain a measure of network quality indicative of available bandwidth over the network; a configuration manager configured to: use the measure of network quality to detect a reduction in network quality indicative of a reduced available bandwidth and, responsive to detecting said reduction, estimate a first bitrate corresponding to the reduced available bandwidth; in response to estimating the first bitrate, determine a second bitrate lower than the first bitrate; and a transceiver configured to transmit the media stream at a transmission bitrate substantially equal to the second bitrate for a first period of time, wherein the configuration manager is further configured to cause an increase of the transmission bitrate from the second bitrate to the first bitrate over a second period of time.
Packet switch device and method of the same
A packet switch device includes an input port, a loop-back port, a storage module, and a switch engine. The input port receives a packet. The storage module stores packet flow tables. Each packet flow table includes at least one flow entry and action. The switch engine compares the packet with a default packet flow table of the plurality of packet flow tables when it determines that the packet does not include a flow header. The switch engine includes the packet with the flow entry of the default packet flow table and performs the corresponding action when the packet matches the flow entry. When the action includes a specific action of comparing the packet with another one of the packet flow tables, the switch engine attaches the flow header to the packet to set a flow ID therein and transmits the packet back to the switch engine through the loop-back port.
Preventing TCP from becoming too conservative too quickly
A technique that addresses the problem of a TCP connection's throughput being very vulnerable to early losses implements a pair of controls around ssthresh. A first control is a loss forgiveness mechanism that applies to the first n-loss events by the TCP connection. Generally, this mechanism prevents new TCP connections from ending slow-start and becoming conservative on window growth too early (which would otherwise occur due to the early losses). The second control is a self-decay mechanism that is applied beyond the first n-losses that are handled by the first control. This mechanism decouples of ssthresh drop from cwnd and is thus useful in arresting otherwise steep ssthresh drops. The self-decay mechanism also enables TCP to enter/continue to be slow-start even after fast-recovery from a loss event.
General input/output architecture, protocol and related methods to implement flow control
An enhanced general input/output communication architecture, protocol and related methods are presented.
Service chaining using source routing
A service chaining method comprising receiving a source routed data packet, wherein the source routed data packet comprises a destination address and identifies a plurality of next-hops along a service chain path, identifying a next-hop for the source routed data packet using the plurality of next-hops, determining whether the next-hop is source routing capable, setting the destination address of the source routed data packet in accordance with the determination, wherein the destination address is set to the next-hop when the next-hop is source routing capable, and wherein the destination address is set to a next downstream network node that is source routing capable when the next-hop is not source routing capable, and forwarding the source routed data packet to the next-hop.
Forwarding packet fragments using L4-L7 headers without reassembly in a software-defined networking (SDN) system
A network element of a software-defined networking (SDN) system forwards IP packet fragments without reassembly is disclosed. The network element receives an IP packet fragment and determines whether the fragment is the first fragment of an original IP packet. If the fragment is the first fragment, then fields in the first fragment that are associated with open systems interconnection layers (OSI) 4-7 are retrieved and placed in an entry in a fragment information table so that the entry is associated with the original IP packet. If the received fragment is not the first fragment, then a matching entry in the fragment information table is to be identified and the associated OSI layers 4-7 information is retrieved for processing the non-first fragment.
Hybrid transport—application network fabric apparatus
A hybrid routing—application network fabric apparatus is presented where a fabric apparatus has multiple apparatus components or resources that can be dedicated to one or more application topologies. The apparatus can receive a topology image definition file describing an application topology and the apparatus can dedicate its local components for use with the application topology. The apparatus can dedicate general purpose processing cores, dedicated routing cores, data channels, networking ports, memory or other local resources to the application topology. Contemplated application topologies include routing topologies, computation topologies, database topologies, storage topologies, or other types of application topologies. Furthermore, application topologies can be optimized by modeling or simulating the topologies on a network fabric.
Methods and systems for reducing network congestion
The present invention discloses methods and systems carried out at a network device for reducing network congestion by establishing an aggregated connection, wherein the aggregated connection comprise a plurality of virtual private network (VPN) tunnels. The system further comprises assigning default weights to the plurality of VPN tunnels along with transmitting and receiving data packets of a data session through the aggregated connection. When there is a missing data packet in the received data packets, the missing data packet is recreated based on a previous or a next data packet. Furthermore the present invention discloses methods and systems for determining whether a VPN tunnel from the plurality of VPN tunnels is experiencing an unacceptable packet drop rate. If it is seen that a VPN tunnel is experiencing an unacceptable packet drop rate, an effective weight of the at least one VPN tunnel is decreased in order to overcome the setback.
Path analytics using codebook correlation
A system and method are provided to model a network path with performance characterization for individual path segments of the network path and correlate the faults and performance issues to identify the factors that are causing network path performance degradation. The system described herein provides for codebook correlation technology to identify the root cause of network path performance degradation. In an embodiment, an algorithm is provided to model the network path with performance characterization and analysis. The performance of a network path is determined by performance characteristics of individual hops along the network path. The path performance is then characterized with weighted attributes indicative of performance over individual hops along the network path. The individual hops along the network path are modeled with weighted attributes indicative of performance. The performance symptoms may be aggregated to determine path performance using codebook correlation to perform a causal analysis.
Adaptive centralized collection of performance management data using a metamodel
A method is provided for obtaining performance measurements via metamodels streamed from multiple types and models of network devices connected to a network. The method comprises installing a generic collection agent on a server connected to the network, retrieving the metamodels from the network devices by the collection agent, storing the metamodels in a collection of metamodels on the server to be accessed by the collection agent and the network devices, analyzing the metamodels to provide the network devices with addressing information, streaming the performance measurements from the network devices to the collection agent using the addressing information, and analyzing and storing the performance measurements for later use.
Optimization of resource utilization in a collection of devices
Technologies are described herein for optimizing resource utilization in a collection of devices having hierarchical network layers. Some example technologies may identify packets exchanged between processes executed on collections of server computers. The hierarchical network layers may couple the collections of server computers. The technologies may determine virtual machine groups based on the identified packets. Each of the virtual machine groups may identify one or more virtual machines configured on the collections of server computers to execute one or more processes. The virtual machine groups may be configured to increase data traffic in a lower layer in the hierarchical network layers and to decrease the data traffic in a higher layer in the hierarchical network layers. The technologies may relocate the virtual machines between the collections of server computers according to the virtual machine groups.
Managing change in an information technology environment
In a method for managing change in an information technology (IT) environment, in response to an open change ticket, identifying one or more components of the IT environment that are associated with at least one change operation included in the change ticket. The method further includes identifying information associated with the identified one or more components of the IT environment. The method further includes determining a listing of allowable change operations for the identified one or more components of the IT environment in the change ticket based on the identified information associated with the identified one or more components of the IT environment. The method further includes receiving a user requested change operation. The method further includes determining whether the received user requested change operation is included in the determined listing of allowable change operations.
Variable-based forwarding path construction for packet processing within a network device
In general, this disclosure describes techniques for applying, with a network device, subscriber-specific packet processing using an internal processing path that includes service objects that are commonly applied to multiple packet flows associated with multiple subscribers. In one example, a network device control plane creates subscriber records that include, for respective subscribers, one or more variable values that specify service objects as well as an identifier for a packet processing template. A forwarding plane of the network device receives and maps subscriber packets to an associated subscriber record and then processes the packet by executing the packet processing template specified by the subscriber record. When the forwarding plane reaches a variable while executing the specified packet processing template, the forwarding plane reads the associated variable value from the subscriber record to identify and then apply the subscriber-specific service object specified by the variable.
System and method for small batching processing of usage requests
In accordance with various embodiments, systems and methods that provide unified charging across different network interfaces are provided. A system for small batch processing of usage requests, can include a service broker, a plurality of servers wherein each server includes customer data, and a plurality of queues, each associated with a different server. When a usage request is received from a network entity, the service broker is configured to determine an internal ID associated with data requested by the usage request, determine on which particular server of the plurality of servers the data requested by the usage request is stored, enqueue the usage request in a particular queue associated with the particular server, and upon a trigger event, send all requests in the particular queue to the particular server in a batch.
Operational business service verification system
A method and a system are described for providing operational business service verification in a telecommunication network. The method comprises the steps of: (i) receiving information which relates to transactions from a plurality of information sources, wherein the transactions are associated with one or more pre-defined applications; (ii) based upon the information received, determining whether that at least one pre-defined transaction criterion has been met; and (iii) if the at least one pre-defined transaction criterion has been met, providing verification of the legitimacy of the respective transaction that relate to that pre-defined application.
Pattern-based validation, constraint and generation of hierarchical metadata
A set of metadata defines a hierarchical structure. The metadata is compared against a pattern or sub pattern for the hierarchical structure. Comparison results are generated that show differences between a core structure defined by the pattern and a core structure in the hierarchical data, as well as content defined by a sub pattern, and content in the hierarchical structure.
Information system construction assistance device, information system construction assistance method, and information system construction assistance program
An information system construction assistance device includes a selection screen presentation unit that presents a selection screen for selecting a requirement item group provided according to a specific task requirement, an input screen presentation unit that presents an input screen for inputting parameters included in the selected requirement item group, a system model selection unit that selects a system model satisfying the construction requirements, an operation information acquisition unit that acquires operation information of an existing system based on a selected system model group, a performance evaluation unit that evaluates a performance of a selected system model using the parameters of the operation information, and a construction candidate presentation unit that compares the performance and the construction requirements and presents an information system which is constructible using the system model produced after determining a sizing factor for the selected system model.
Monitoring network management activity
A device is configured to receive, from a network device, a first message associated with a network management activity performed by using an application of the network device. The device is further configured to determine whether the first message satisfies a criterion, and to classify the first message based on a type of the application when the first message satisfies the criterion. The device is also configured to receive, from the network device, a second message associated with the network management activity; to correlate the second message with the first message after classifying the first message; and to create a record for the network management activity based on the first message and the second message by using rules associated with the type of the application.
Device and a method for managing access to a pool of computer and network resources made available to an entity by a cloud computing system
Disclosed is a method comprising updating a first model describing a pool of computer and network resources and a second multi-level hierarchical model describing an entity, each level having at least one element containing one or more users of the entity and associated with an algorithm for allocating at least a portion of the pool, the union of the elements at any level containing all of the users, such that the first and second models represent a current state of the pool of resources and a current state of the entity.Upon request from a user to access a resource specified in the request, resources may be identified by applying the algorithms of the second model to the current state of the pool represented by the first model, verifying compatibility between the identified resources and the resource specified in the request, and rejecting the request in the event of incompatibility.
Centralized enterprise image upgrades for distributed campus networks
System, method, and computer program product to perform an operation, comprising establishing a connection between a primary intermediate branch director (IBD) in a first branch of an enterprise network and a first proxy IBD in a second branch of the enterprise network, receiving, at the primary IBD, network topology information for each of a plurality of intermediate branch clients (IBCs) in the second branch of the enterprise network, and issuing, by the primary IBD to the first proxy IBD, a command to remotely configure at least one IBC of the plurality of IBCs in the second branch of the enterprise network.
Techniques for cloud control and management
Techniques for cloud control and management are provided. The control, creation, and management of workloads in distributed infrastructures are coordinated via a master Configuration Management Database (CMDB). The master CMDB is also used to unify the multiple distributed infrastructures so that the workloads are rationalized. Moreover, data centers are coordinated with the distributed infrastructures so the configuration settings and policies included in the master CMDB are enforced and synchronized throughout the network.
Apparatus and method for changing status of cluster nodes, and recording medium having the program recorded therein
Provided are an apparatus and a method for changing a status of cluster nodes, which determine whether to change statuses of respective cluster nodes themselves to an active status or a standby status without intervention by a manager through self-diagnosis and change the status of the nodes.
Methods and apparatus to upgrade communication services in subscriber distribution areas
An optical network unit (ONU) is installed to communicate with an optical line terminal (OLT) located at a remote terminal (RT). The ONU includes a first subscriber downlink interface to serve a first subscriber premises and a second subscriber downlink interface to serve a second subscriber premises. The RT is located apart from a central office (CO) and in communication with the CO. A first removably attachable subscriber downlink module is communicatively coupled to the first subscriber downlink interface. A second removably attachable subscriber downlink module is communicatively coupled to the second subscriber downlink interface. The first removably attachable subscriber downlink module is replaced with a third removably attachable subscriber downlink module. An optical transmission medium is connected between the third removably attachable subscriber downlink module and the first subscriber premises while retaining a second electrically conductive medium communicatively coupled to the second subscriber downlink interface.
Network device and method for operating a network device for an automation network
A network device and a method for operating a network device for an automation network are provided. The network device is set up with the help of a real-time application for providing a function of the network device. The real-time application has at least one predefined, updatable parameter. The network device has a storage device for storing update data for the updatable parameter in an update storage area and storing application data for the real-time application in an application storage area. The network device is set up such that, after update data has been written into the update storage area at a predefined update time, a first memory address referring to the application storage area switches to a second memory address referring to the update storage area in which the update data is stored. The switch takes place deterministically within a predefined update timeslot during runtime of the real-time application.
Master device of process field bus decentralized periphery
The master device of Profibus DP according to the present disclosure automatically configures network by performing a communication with a plurality of slave devices connected through Profibus, the device including a Profibus communication module configured to perform a communication with a plurality of slave devices, an imaginary network configuration information storage configured to be stored in advance with imaginary network configuration information, a network configuration information storage configured to be stored with network configuration information, and a Profibus master state machine configured to obtain network configuration information by performing a communication with the plurality of slave devices in response to the imaginary network configuration information stored in the imaginary network configuration information storage, to store the obtained network configuration information in the network configuration information storage, and to perform a communication with the plurality of slave devices in response to the stored network configuration information.
Methods for dynamic router configuration in a mesh network
A method for router configuration includes: at a router, collecting DHCP server presence data of a local area network; at the router, collecting NAT server presence data of the local area network; generating a network configuration status based upon the DHCP server presence data and the NAT server presence data; and configuring DHCP server and NAT server settings of the router based on the network configuration status.
Method and system for a flexible dynamic spectrum arbitrage system
A server computing device may be configured to perform dynamic spectrum arbitrage (DSA) operations that include broadcasting a communication message that includes information advertising that a telecommunication resource in a first telecommunication network is available for allocation and use by wireless devices in a second telecommunication network, determining lease criteria parameters of a resource lease associated with the advertised telecommunication resource, determining network capability of the second telecommunication network, selecting one of a DSA Lite network configuration, DSA9 network configuration, and DSAX network configuration based on the determined network capability and determined lease criteria, determining configuration parameters for one or more nodes in each of the first and second telecommunication networks based on the selected network configuration, and sending the determined configuration parameters to components in each of the first and second networks.
Method and device for handling radio link failure
A method and device for handling radio link failure is disclosed. The method is as follows. A device at network side requests a terminal device to send an uplink signal according to a predefined first period, and detects first signal quality. if the device at the network side determines for continuous M1 times that the first signal quality is lower than a predefined first threshold, the device at the network side requests the terminal device to send the uplink signal according to a predefined second period, and detecting second signal quality, wherein M1 is a predefined first value. When determining according to the second signal quality that restoration of a radio link of the terminal device is failed, the device at the network side releases network resources corresponding to the radio link of the terminal device. The predefined second period is larger than the predefined first period.
Management infrastructure analysis for cloud migration
In a source computing system having a source management infrastructure, at least one source infrastructure management component is discovered. A description of a target cloud infrastructure having a target management infrastructure is obtained. The description includes at least one mandatory target infrastructure management component. The at least one source infrastructure management component is analyzed to determine whether at least one conflict exists with the at least one mandatory target infrastructure management component.
Server including switch circuitry
An embodiment may include at least one server processor that may control, at least in part, server switch circuitry data and control plane processing. The at least one processor may include at least one cache memory that is capable of being involved in at least one data transfer that involves at least one component of the server. The at least one data transfer may be carried out in a manner that by-passes involvement of server system memory. The switch circuitry may be communicatively coupled to the at least one processor and to at least one node via communication links. The at least one processor may select, at least in part, at least one communication protocol to be used by the links. The switch circuitry may forward, at least in part, via at least one of the links at least one received packet. Many modifications are possible.
Methods and systems for managing device data
Computationally implemented methods and systems include acquiring an offer to facilitate execution of one or more services that utilize a particular portion of a device, in exchange for access to the particular portion of the device, determining whether to accept the offer to facilitate execution of the one or more services and grant access to the particular portion of the device, and facilitating access to the particular portion upon a determination to accept the offer to facilitate the execution of the one or more services. In addition to the foregoing, other aspects are described in the claims, drawings, and text.
Quadrature amplitude modulation for time-reversal systems
Time-reversal wireless communication includes: at a base station, receiving a probe signal from a terminal device; generating a signature waveform that is based on a time-reversed signal of a channel response signal derived from the probe signal; performing quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) on a transmit signal to generate a quadrature amplitude modulated signal; and generating a transmission signal based on the quadrature amplitude modulated signal and the signature waveform.
Orthogonal multicarrier transmission system using conjugate-root Offset-QAM
In an orthogonal multicarrier radio transmission system complex-valued symbols are transmitted, wherein the real part and the imaginary part of each symbol are shifted against each other by one half symbol period and wherein a non-symmetric conjugate-root filter is applied to each symbol before transmission to mitigate inter-carrier interference and intersymbol interference. Corresponding reverse steps are performed at the receiver.
Duplex transmission over reduced pairs of twinax cables
Cable systems and assemblies integrate a reduced number of twin axial copper pairs to transmit and received in a full-duplex transmission signals at transmission speeds greater than or equal to one hundred Giga bytes per second. The reduced number of twin axial copper pairs comprise four or less twin axial copper pairs, in which each pair forms a single twin axial full-duplex cable for passive or active communication of the signals. A processor can be integrated with the twin axial copper pairs operate to encode the signals for fast transmission speeds.
Apparatus and method for sending and receiving broadcast signals
A broadcast signal transmitter is disclosed. A broadcast signal transmitter according to an embodiment of the present invention comprises an input formatting module configured to perform baseband formatting and to output at least one PLP (Physical Layer Pipe) data; a BICM (Bit Interleaved Coded Modulation) module configured to perform an error correction process on the PLP data; a framing and interleaving module configured to interleave the PLP data and to generate a signal frame; and a waveform generating module configured to generate a broadcast signal by inserting a preamble into the signal frame and performing OFDM modulation.
Receiver and method for receiving a signal
A receiver may receive a pulse width encoded signal. The receiver may determine a position of a transition of a pulse of the pulse width encoded signal by oversampling the pulse width encoded signal with respect to a quantization function. The receiver may determine that the position of the transition deviates from an expected position according to the quantization function by more than a predetermined range. The receiver may generate a signal, indicating an unexpected event, based on determining that the position of the transition deviates from the expected position. The receiver may detect an error in a message corresponding to the pulse width encoded signal based on a check value identified from the pulse width encoded signal. The receiver may adjust, based on the signal indicating the unexpected event, a value, corresponding to the position of the transition, to cause the error in the message to be corrected.
System and methods for autonomous signal modulation format identification
Systems and methods for autonomous signal modulation format identification are disclosed. In an example embodiment of the disclosed technology, a method includes mapping an input signal to Stokes space to determine whether a considered number of three-dimensional clusters value is above or below a predetermined value. The method may include selecting a modulation format from a first set of modulation formats if the considered number of three-dimensional clusters value is above the predetermined value. The method may further include applying higher-order statistics if the considered number of three-dimensional clusters value is below the predetermined value.
High data rate multilevel clock recovery system
Digital receiver systems and clock recovery techniques for use in digital receiver systems are provided to implement asynchronous baud-rate clock recovery systems for high data rate serial receivers multilevel line modulation. A two-stage postcursor ISI equalization system is provided to efficiently emulate a 4-level DFE (decision feedback equalization) system, for example, while converting a 4-level equalized signal to s 2-level equalized signal. For example, a two stage postcursor ISI equalization system includes a DFE stage which operates on a most significant component of a given 4-level data symbol, followed by a DFFE (decision-feedforward equalizer) stage which operates on a least significant component of the given 4-level data symbol. In parallel with the DFFE stage, an estimate of the least significant component is subtracted from the equalized 4-level data symbol to convert the 4-level data symbol to a 2-level symbol.
Mobile station and method for measuring reception quality
A mobile station includes a calculation unit, an adjustment unit, an estimation unit, and a measurement unit. The calculation unit calculates a weighting matrix for use in channel estimation of an interfering cell. The adjustment unit adjusts values of respective components of the weighting matrix calculated by the calculation unit so that out of the respective components, diagonal components are smaller than components other than the diagonal components. The estimation unit suppresses a noise component included in a value of the channel estimation by using the weighting matrix whose respective component values were adjusted by the adjustment unit so as to perform the channel estimation of the interfering cell. The measurement unit cancels a signal of the interfering cell from a received signal based on a result of the channel estimation and measures a reception quality of a measurement target cell with respect to the received signal.
Adaptive load balancing for single active redundancy using EVPN designated forwarder election
A provider edge (PE) device may receive an indication to perform a designated forwarder (DF) election associated with a network segment that includes the PE device, one or more other PE devices, and a client edge (CE) device. The PE device, the one or more other PE devices, and the CE device may be associated with an Ethernet virtual private network (EVPN) that includes a group of EVPN instances (EVIs). The PE device may perform the DF election in order to determine election information associated with the PE device. The election information may include information associated with a particular EVI, of the group of EVIs, for which the PE device is to act as a DF. The PE device may provide the election information to the CE device to cause the CE device to provide traffic, associated with a particular VLAN included in the particular EVI, to the PE device.
Fault-tolerant, frame-based communication system
A packet-switched, fault-tolerant, vehicle communication internetwork (100, 400, 500) comprising port-based VLANs. Two or more VLANs are embodied where a source node (110, 410, 510,610) comprises two or more network interface circuits (130,140, 415,425, 515,525, 630,640), and where looping is precluded via specific VLAN tagging and switch ports (131-134, 200, 300, 420, 430, 435, 445, 455, 465, 535, 540, 545, 560, 575, 585, associated with at least one specific VLAN. A destination node (120, 440, 450, 460, 570, 580, 590, 620) may feedback packets to the source node via a general VLAN tag along pathways associated with the two or more specific outgoing VLAN tags.
Expert answer platform methods, apparatuses and media
A request to join a live AMA session that is already in progress may be obtained from an AMA participant. Automatic playback of video recordings of an expert's answers to questions that have already been answered by the expert may be facilitated for the AMA participant. A current question that is currently being answered by the expert may be determined. A current question visualization that informs the AMA participant that an answer to the current question is currently being recorded by the expert may be generated. A video recording of the expert's answer to the current question may be obtained and automatic playback of the video recording of the expert's answer to the current question may be facilitated for the AMA participant.
Peer-enabled network access extension using yield management
Aspects of the present disclosure provide for yield management models for dynamically pricing access to wireless communication services. In some examples, access to a network is intermediated by a surrogate access point, which may act as a proxy or relay, expanding communication services to client devices that otherwise may lack a subscription, or may lack a suitable communication interface, to communicate directly with the wireless network. Here, the surrogate access point may be a subscriber device or user equipment. By utilizing the yield management model, the surrogate access point may receive compensation for sharing its connection to the network with nearby client devices. Other aspects, embodiments, and features are also claimed and described.
Electronic signature method with ephemeral signature
The invention concerns a method for generating an electronic signature key and an associated public key certificate, implemented by a client unit and a server unit, the method comprising a step during which the client unit and/or the server unit generate(s) a signature key comprising a private key and a public key, and a public key certificate comprising said public key, the method being characterized in that the client unit acquires an item of biometric data of an individual, and in that the signature key and/or the public key certificate are generated from at least a portion of said biometric data, and in that the portion of biometric metric data from which the signature key and/or the public key certificate have been generated is ephemeral and is not memorized after the signature key and the public key certificate have been generated. The invention also concerns a method for transferring a message and a system designed to implement the method for generating a signature key.
Trust service for a client device
Techniques for a trust service for a client device are described. In various implementations, a trust service is implemented remotely from a client device and provides various trust-related functions to the client device. According to various implementations, communication between a client device and a remote trust service is authenticated by a client identifier (ID) that is maintained by both the client device and the remote trust service. In at least some implementations, the client ID is stored on a location of the client device that is protected from access by (e.g., is inaccessible to) device components such as an operating system, applications, and so forth. Thus, the client ID may be utilized to generate signatures to authenticate communications between the client device and the remote trust service.
Decryption service providing device, processing device, safety evaluation device, program, and recording medium
A private key is held which conforms to an ElGamal encryption system on a semigroup, calculation of an order of an element of the semigroup being computationally difficult, information corresponding to ciphertext conforming to the ElGamal encryption system is input, a private key s is used to decrypt the information corresponding to the ciphertext in conformance to the ElGamal encryption system, and information corresponding to a result of decrypting the ciphertext is obtained and output. Alternatively, whether it is computationally difficult or easy to calculate the order of the element of the semigroup is determined, and the safety of a decryption service providing device is evaluated based on the determination result.
Method and system for enforcing access control policies on data
A method for enforcing access control policies on data owned by a plurality of users includes evaluating the access control policies of users, applying a collusion resistant sharing scheme for generating key shares of an encryption key and delegating the key shares to one or more designated users based on a result of the evaluation. The data is securely dispersed by applying an encryption scheme on all parts of the data to be encrypted to produce encrypted data shares. The encryption scheme is provided such that for decryption of the encrypted data, the encryption key and at least a predetermined number of data shares are provided. Each data share is delegated to one or more designated users, and the data shares and the key shares are distributed to the respective designated users.
Key ceremony of a security system forming part of a host computer for cryptographic transactions
A key ceremony application creates bundles for custodians encrypted with their passphrases. Each bundle includes master key share. The master key shares are combined to store an operational master key. The operational master key is used for private key encryption during a checkout process. The operational private key is used for private key decryption for transaction signing in a payment process. The bundles further include TLS keys for authenticated requests to create an API key for a web application to communicate with a service and to unfreeze the system after it has been frozen by an administrator.
Polymorphic encryption key allocation scheme
Embodiments of the present invention relate to encryption key allocation with additional security elements to lessen vulnerability to certain attacks. In one embodiment, a method and computer program product is provided for broadcast encryption. A key bundle encoded in a non-transient machine-readable medium is received. The key bundle comprises a first cryptographic key and an associated first cryptographic function identifier. Encrypted content is received. A key block corresponding to a subset difference tree is received. A first cryptographic triple function corresponding to the first cryptographic function identifier is determined. The subset difference tree is traversed using the first cryptographic key and the first cryptographic triple function to obtain a content cryptographic key. The content cryptographic key is applied to the encrypted content to obtain decrypted content.
Subframe dependent physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) region design
According to certain aspects, resources allocated to a user equipment (UE) for physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) transmissions may be determined in a subframe-type dependent manner. As a result, PUCCH regions for different subframes may vary based on the subframe types.
Method and system for multi-carrier packet communication with reduced overhead
A method and system for minimizing the control overhead in a multi-carrier wireless communication network that utilizes a time-frequency resource is disclosed. In some embodiments, one or more zones in the time-frequency resource are designated for particular applications, such as a zone dedicated for voice-over-IP (VoIP) applications. By grouping applications of a similar type together within a zone, a reduction in the number of bits necessary for mapping a packet stream to a portion of the time-frequency resource can be achieved. In some embodiments, modular coding schemes associated with the packet streams may be selected that further reduce the amount of necessary control information. In some embodiments, packets may be classified for transmission in accordance with application type, QoS parameters, and other properties. In some embodiments, improved control messages may be constructed to facilitate the control process and minimize associated overhead.
Micro VPN tunneling for mobile platforms
Methods and systems for providing a virtual private network service on a per mobile application basis are presented. In some embodiments, a mobile device that is connected to private network may determine that one of its mobile applications is requesting to communicate with a private network. The mobile device may intercept one or more system calls to communicate with the private network issued by the mobile application. The mobile device may generate a communication link to a virtual private network (VPN) server on a port of the mobile device through which to transmit communications from the mobile application to the private network. The mobile device may instruct the VPN server to transmit one or more messages from the mobile application to an access gateway for forwarding to the private network.
System architecture for optimizing the capacity of adaptive array systems
A wireless communications system that uses adaptive arrays is disclosed in which the capacity is optimized. A method for optimizing the capacity of a wireless communications system that uses adaptive arrays is also disclosed. The wireless communication system may be a point to multi-point (P2MP) and/or a multi-point to multi-point (MP2MP) STAP system.
Pilot signal transmission method and radio communication apparatus
In a radio communication system, transmission of CAZAC sequences as the pilot signal sequences by using code division multiplexing as at least one of user multiplexing schemes, is done by dividing a system band as a frequency band usable in the system into frequency blocks B1 and B2 having bandwidths W1 and W2, generating the pilot signals of the frequency blocks B1 and B2 with a single carrier, using the pilot signal sequences having sequence lengths L1 and L2 corresponding to frequency blocks B1 and B2 respectively; and, transmitting the generated pilot signals as the pilot signals corresponding individual users, with multicarriers using an arbitrary number of frequency blocks among the plural frequency blocks.
Method and system for balancing reference signal powers across OFDM symbols
A base station includes a reference signal allocator that allocates a first layer of dedicated reference signals and a second layer of reference signals to the same resource elements in a first resource block. The reference signals are allocated to two adjacent resource elements corresponding to a first OFDM symbol and a second OFDM symbol on a first, second, and third subcarriers of the first resource block. The base station also includes a reference signal multiplexer that multiplexes the first layer with the second layer. A first cover code W1 is applied to the first layer. A second cover code W2, different from the first cover code, is applied to the second layer in a first and third subcarriers, and a variation of the second cover code W2′ is applied to the second layer in a second subcarrier.
System and method using a secondary network node for handling packet retransmissions
According to some embodiments, a method for handling packet retransmissions is implemented by a secondary network node and includes detecting a first data transmission from a first primary network node to a wireless device. A first response message from the first wireless device to the first primary network node is then detected. The response message indicates that the first data transmission included an error when received by the wireless device. A second data transmission from the secondary network node to the first wireless device is detected. The second data transmission from the secondary network node includes at least a portion of the first data transmission from the first primary network node.
System and method for synchronizing multi-level output devices in an unreliable network
A method and system are described that allow a device operating in coordination with other devices to synchronize the devices operation with the other devices. A controllable device processor may determine that a received data packet is a retransmission of an initial control command data packet. The processor may obtain from the retransmitted data packet a start value and a time indicator related to performance of the operation. A ramp rate related to the operation to be performed may be obtained. Using the time indicator, an adjusted ramp rate may be calculated. An output value for the device may be set based on the start value, the adjusted ramp rate, and the time indicator. The adjusted ramp rate may result in completing the operation at substantially the same time as though the device received the original command.
Scrambling and modulation to constrain the constellation size of ACK/NAK transmission on the data channel
Aspects describe maximizing a Euclidean distance for an ACK transmission as a function of the number of bits in a HARQ-ACK and a modulation order. Encoding includes placing escape sequences in the HARQ-ACK, wherein the number of escape sequences is based on the number of bits and the modulation order. Multiple encoded ACK blocks are combined to obtain a vector sequence that is multiplexed with the encoded data and interleaved, such as on a “time-first” manner. Scrambling is performed as a function of the size and the modulation order. For a 1-bit ACK, the scrambling is performed to achieve any two corners in any constellation for transmission for the ACK. For a 2-bit ACK, the scrambling is performed to achieve any four corners in any constellation for transmission for the ACK.
Secure communication method and system based on bit error probability
Provided is a method for performing Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request (HARQ) by a data transmitting terminal in a wireless communication system. The terminal transmits data using a specific code word selected from a plurality of code words included in a mother code, calculates a Bit Error Rate (BER) upper bound for a receiving terminal that receives the data, calculates a BER lower bound for another terminal that is able to eavesdrop the data, and performs the HARQ based on whether the BER upper bound is greater than a BER reference level for the receiving terminal and whether a probability of the BER lower bound being less than the BER reference level for the another terminal is less than a predetermined value.
Apparatus for transmitting broadcast signals, apparatus for receiving broadcast signals, method for transmitting broadcast signals and method for receiving broadcast signals
A method and an apparatus for transmitting broadcast signals thereof are disclosed. The apparatus for transmitting broadcast signals, the apparatus comprises an encoder to encode service data corresponding to a number of physical paths, a time interleaver to time interleave the encoded service data in each physical path, a frame builder to build at least one signal frame including the time interleaved service data, a modulator to modulate data in the built at least one signal frame by an OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex) scheme and a transmitter to transmitting the broadcast signals having the modulated data.
Updates to MU-MIMO rate adaptation algorithm
A method of selecting a modulation coding scheme (MCS) for transmitting data to a client station (STA). The communications device first predicts the MCS for each of at least two of a plurality of communication modes. The plurality of communication modes may include an open-loop mode and at least one of a single-user multiple-input multiple-output (SU-MIMO) mode or a multiple-user multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO) mode. The communications device then selects one of the plurality of communication modes for transmitting data to the STA based at least in part on the predicted MCSs.
Data processing method, precoding method, and communication device
An encoder outputs a first bit sequence having N bits. A mapper generates a first complex signal s1 and a second complex signal s2 with use of bit sequence having X+Y bits included in an input second bit sequence, where X indicates the number of bits used to generate the first complex signal s1, and Y indicates the number of bits used to generate the second complex signal s2. A bit length adjuster is provided after the encoder, and performs bit length adjustment on the first bit sequence such that the second bit sequence has a bit length that is a multiple of X+Y, and outputs the first bit sequence after the bit length adjustment as the second bit sequence. As a result, a problem between a codeword length of a block code and the number of bits necessary to perform mapping by a set of modulation schemes is solved.
Adaptive frequency band weighting within time domain
Various signal processing systems may benefit from appropriate control based on selected parameters. For example, feedforward-based signal or noise cancellation systems may benefit from adaptive frequency band weighting within time domain. A method can include receiving an input signal that is to be transmitted over a channel. The method can also include calculating an instantaneous frequency of the input signal. The method can further include applying the instantaneous frequency as an adaptive parameter in an adaptation performed relative to the input signal. The method can additionally include providing an output signal based on the adaptation.
Demultiplexing device and multiplexing device
A demultiplexing device includes a first demultiplexer configured to demultiplex a first input signal, a second demultiplexer configured to demultiplex a second input signal, and a switching circuit configured to set an input destination of signals demultiplexed and output by each of the first demultiplexer and the second demultiplexer based on data rates of the first and second input signals. A multiplexing device includes a first multiplexer configured to multiplex a first input signal, a second multiplexer configured to multiplex a second input signal, and a switching circuit configured to set an input destination of signals multiplexed and output by the first multiplexer and the second multiplexer based on data rates of the first and second input signals.
Apparatus, method and computer program product for generating a personalized visualization of broadcasting stations
An apparatus, method and computer program product are provided for creating a personalized visualization of broadcasting stations that enables a user to quickly identify broadcasting stations that are in line with his or her tastes or preferences. Broadcasting stations may be plotted at specific locations within a personalized visualization based on the categories in which media objects broadcast by those broadcasting stations fall. This location may be continuously updated as the broadcasting stations continue to broadcast additional media objects falling within different categories. A user may similarly be plotted, and continuously updated, within the personalized visualization based on the categories in which media objects reproduced by the user fall. By viewing the personalized visualization, the user may be able to identify which of the broadcasting stations monitored are broadcasting media objects that are most in line with the media objects he or she has been reproducing.
Intensity modulated direct detection optical transceiver
An optical transceiver using a modulator biased to a non-linear region of the modulator's power transfer function can extend the possible transmission distance of intensity modulated direct detection (IMDD) n-level pulse amplitude modulated (PAM-n) signals. A non-linear look-up-table may compensate for non-linear characteristics of the modulator. An adaptive decision threshold look-up-table may be used to provide adaptive decision levels at the receiver.
Transmission device, transmitter, and transmission method
An optical transmitter includes a DMT modulating unit that allocates information signals to SCs and that generates a DMT signal by performing multi-level modulation on each of the information signals allocated to each of the SCs. The optical transmitter includes a mixer that shifts, on the basis of the probe result of the DMT signal and frequency information on a wireless signal that is input, the carrier frequency of the wireless signal so as not to overlap the SC to which the information signal in the DMT signal is allocated. Furthermore, the optical transmitter includes a multiplexing unit that multiplexes the DMT signal received from the DMT modulating unit and the wireless signal in which the carrier frequency has been shifted and outputs the multiplexed signal.
Near-threshold optical transmitter pre-distortion
Methods an systems for low-power transmission include biasing an emitter in a non-linear operating range of the emitter near a threshold current of the emitter. A data signal is distorted to add a precursor pulse to a rising edge of a data waveform to quickly bring the emitter into a linear operating range. The distorted data signal is transmitted at the emitter.
Optical communication device using AC LED lighting and communication method using the same
An optical communication device including a plurality of groups of light emitting diode (LED) groups that are turn on according to a control of a lighting and communication control module. The lighting and communication control module is configured to receive an AC input voltage, generate a rectified voltage from the AC input voltage, determine a voltage level of the rectified voltage, sequentially drive the plurality of LED groups according to the voltage level of the rectified voltage, and perform optical communication through the plurality of LED groups only when the voltage level of the rectified voltage is greater than or equal to a preset threshold voltage level.
Calibrating an apparatus supporting pluggable optics
Embodiments of the present disclosure provide techniques and an apparatus for partitioning calibration data into line card and pluggable properties and processing the partitioned data using a processor of the line card. For example, calibration information corresponding to components in the pluggable module may be stored on the pluggable module and transferred from the pluggable optical module to the processor on the line card. The processor may combine the calibration information received from the optical module with calibration information corresponding to properties on the line card to obtain system calibration information. The system calibration information may be used to configure one or more components used to process electric signals sent to or received from the optical module.
Programmable small form-factor pluggable module
A small form factor pluggable (“SFP”) transceiver for use in a communications network includes a transmitter adapted to be coupled to the network for supplying signals to the network, a receiver adapted to be coupled to the network for receiving signals from the network, and a programmable signal processing module coupled to the transmitter and the receiver and adapted to be programmed from a remote station coupled to the network. The module can be programmed to perform at least one service or management function on the network.
Method, apparatus, and communication node for suppressing output noise of PCIe devices in optical fiber communication
A method, an apparatus, and a communication node for suppressing output noises of peripheral component interconnect express (PCIe) devices in optical fiber communication is provided. The communication node includes a PCIe chip and a detection and control circuit connected to a transmitting end of the PCIe chip. The PCIe chip transmits an electrical signal by a transmitter of a first lane. The detection and control circuit detects a differential-mode voltage of the electrical signal. If the differential-mode voltage is lower than a first threshold, the detection and control circuit controls an optical module connected to the PCIe chip not to transmit an optical signal through the first lane of the optical module. When a PCIe system includes the communication node, output noises of the transmitter is suppressed, and a normal optical fiber communication link is ensured.
Method, system and device for the supervision of optical fibres
The present invention describes a method, system and device for supervising a set of optical fibers of an Optical Network (detecting and locating the failures in deployed optical fibers) which solve some of the problems found in prior art techniques The embodiments of the present invention suggest an innovative approach, which allows to accurately and unambiguously detect and locate failures even in complex point to multipoint optical fiber networks.
Method for supporting SNCP over packet network
A method is presented for supporting SNCP over a packet network connecting to two SDH sub-networks and transporting one or more SDH paths that are SNCP-protected in both SDH sub-networks. The packet network connects to each of two sub-network interconnection points by a working path and a protection path. The packet sub-network may provide the same type of path protection as an SDH sub-network using SNCP, while avoiding bandwidth duplication.
Low-latency synchronous clock distribution and recovery for high-speed OFMDA-based mobile backhaul
A communication system includes an OFDMA transmitter (Tx) at an optical line terminal (OLT) generating an OFDMA signal by assigning orthogonal subcarriers to different cell sites through digital logic, an electrical multiplexer combining the electrical OFDMA signal with two electrical clock signals, and an optical intensity modulator intensity-modulating the resulting joint electrical OFDMA+clocks signal; an optical multiplexer receiving aggregate OFDMA signals on multiple wavelengths with tight DWDM λ-spacing; a remote node (RN) receiving the OFDMA signals, such that each wavelength is distributed by a de-multiplexer (Demux) to designated general small cell area, to which cell sites are connected by optical splitters; and an optical network unit (ONU) to directly photodetect and digitize received OFDMA signal, wherein downstream (DS) information for each cell is digitally extracted and prepared for wireless radio frequency (RF) transmission over an air interface, and an electrical splitter and bandpass filters to separate the OFDMA and clock signals for DSP-free clock recovery.
Apparatus and method for processing bluetooth data in portable terminal
An apparatus and a method for processing Bluetooth data in a portable terminal are provided. The apparatus includes a first control unit for transmitting a predetermined data transmission condition, a second control unit for receiving and storing the data transmission condition, for determining whether the data transmission condition is satisfied when data is received from an accessory through Bluetooth communication, and for transmitting the received data to the first control unit when the data transmission condition is satisfied as a result of the determination.
Method and apparatus for distributing addresses of communication devices within a satellite network
A method of communication in a satellite network including a hub, a satellite, a remote terminal, an upstream switch connected to the hub, at least one upstream communication device connected to the upstream switch, and plural remote-connected communication devices connected to the remote terminal, is disclosed. In an embodiment, the method comprises receiving at the hub, via the satellite from the remote terminal, a correspondence information carrying message including plural correspondence information entries, each correspondence information entry identifying a virtual network identifier associated with a media access control (MAC) address of one of the plural remote-connected communication devices connected to the remote terminal; and transmitting a data carrying message from one of the upstream communication devices to one of the plural remote-connected communication devices via the hub, the satellite and the remote terminal based on a correspondence information entry in the correspondence information carrying message.
Predistortion in satellite signal transmission systems
A signal transmission system for a satellite comprises means (31) for producing a signal to be transmitted; a first signal channel (37) which includes a first digital pre-distortion device (32) for applying pre-distortion to the signal; a second signal channel (38) for processing an envelope of the signal, which includes a second digital pre-distortion device (35) for applying pre-distortion to the envelope of the signal; and output means (34) for transmitting the signal.
Receiving and transmitting radio frequency signals
Disclosed are apparatus and a method for receiving and transmitting radio frequency signals by a vehicle (8). The method comprises: providing a transceiver module (28), the transceiver module (28) being located on board the vehicle (8) and comprising a plurality of transceivers (40-56), each transceiver (40-56) being configured to operate within a different respective radio frequency band; receiving, by a first transceiver, a first radio frequency signal having a first frequency and a first waveform; determining, using the first frequency and first waveform, by a communications management module (36) located on board the vehicle (8), a second frequency and a second waveform, the second frequency being in a different frequency band than the first radio frequency signal, the second waveform being different to the first waveform; and transmitting, by a second transceiver, a second radio frequency signal having the second frequency and the second waveform.
Systems for antenna swapping switching and methods of operation thereof
The present disclosure relates to antenna swapping for a wireless, e.g., cellular, radio system. In particular, embodiments of a single-die antenna swapping switching circuit are disclosed. In some embodiments, the single-die antenna swapping switching circuit enables antenna swapping in a wireless device using only two coaxial cables or transmission line connections regardless of an order of an antenna multiplexer of the wireless device. This results in significant space savings, particularly as the order of the antenna multiplexer increases, compared to antenna swapping techniques that require a pair of coaxial cables or transmission lines for each order of the antenna multiplexer. In addition, the single-die antenna swapping switching circuit is designed to be located between a radio front-end system and the antenna multiplexer such that intermodulation distortion and harmonics resulting from the switches comprised in the single-die antenna swapping switching circuit are mitigated.
System and method for downlink channel sounding in wireless communications systems
In accordance with an embodiment, a method of operating a base station configured to communicate with at least one user device includes transmitting a reference signal to the at least one user device, receiving channel quality information from the at least one user device, and forming a beam based on the channel quality information received from the at least one user device.
The embodiments herein relate to a method in a transmitter for transmitting a data burst to a receiver in a system supporting GSM and/or EGPRS. The transmitter is arranged to make its transmissions with or without beamforming. The transmitter comprises at least two Tx antennas. When the data burst is beamformed, the transmitter transmits the data burst to the receiver through at least one of the at least two Tx antennas. The data burst comprises a common training sequence. When the data burst is non-beamformed, the transmitter transmits the data burst to the receiver through each of the at least two Tx antennas. The data burst comprises a respective antenna specific training sequence.
Method and device for transmitting signal in wireless communication system
In an embodiment of the present invention, a method for transmitting a signal by a transmission point in a wireless communication system comprises the steps of generating complex modulation symbols for a terminal which is in a partially connected interference channel state; applying symbol extension to each of the complex modulation symbols, using a pre-coding matrix; and mapping the extended complex modulation symbols to resource elements, wherein the symbol extension is performed by multiplying an element of one column of the pre-coding matrix by each of the complex modulation symbols.
Mobile communication system and communication control method
A mobile communication system performs downlink multi-antenna transmission by applying a precoder matrix that defines transmission directionality of downlink and a rank that defines number of signal sequences of the downlink. The mobile communication system comprises a user terminal that feeds back feedback information of a target frequency band, to a base station. The feedback information includes combinations of precoder matrix information indicating the precoder matrix and rank information indicating the rank.
Parallel processing in a distributed antenna system
The present document is for a wireless communication with reduced internal signaling burden in the distributed antenna system (DAS). In the proposed method, a user equipment (UE) receives a decoding unit, from the network, by multiple distributed unit (DUs) distributed within the UE, and decodes the decoding unit, at each of the multiple DUs. Each of the multiple DUs reports first information on the decoding result to a central unit (CU) controlling the multiple DUs, and the CU determines decoded bit values of the decoding unit based on the first information acquired from each of the multiple DUs.
Channel feedback for coordinated multi-point transmissions
A method of Coordinated Multipoint (CoMP) communication between a base station having a plurality of points with at least one user equipment (UE). At least one UE receives at least one transmission from the base station having the plurality of points. This UE measures downlink channel state information for each of the plurality of points including a rank indicator (RI), a precoding matrix indicator (PMI) and a channel quality indicator (CQI). This UE transmits the downlink channel state information in an uplink feedback channel to the base station.
Method and apparatus for relieving doppler broadening in wireless access system that supports super high frequency band
The present invention provides methods for relieving effective Doppler broadening in performing pin-point beamforming and provides apparatuses for supporting the methods, wherein the methods and the apparatuses are used in a wireless access system that supports a super high frequency band. The method for relieving Doppler broadening in a wireless access system that supports a super high frequency band according to one embodiment of the present invention may comprise the steps of: receiving a downlink signal at a receiving end; estimating a Doppler spectrum for the downlink signal received at the receiving end; and calculating a carrier wave shift value based on the Doppler spectrum estimated at the receiving end.
Beacon comprising multiple communication interfaces with secure deactivation/reactivation
A communication beacon including a calculation unit associated with a memory module for data storage and with a communication circuit, the beacon being powered by a power unit, the communication circuit including a first interface unit using a first protocol, a second interface unit using a second protocol, the memory unit including a first memory unit and a second memory unit each memory unit being electrically connected to each interface unit.
Item of luggage
An item of luggage can communicate with a mobile terminal via NFC protocol. A first NFC reader is attached to the luggage item. The first NFC reader includes a reading unit and a memory. The reading unit receives object identification information from an NFC tag attached to every object brought into the near field of the luggage item, and stores the object identification information in the memory. When the mobile terminal is itself brought into the near field of the luggage item, the mobile terminal is given the stored object identification information from the memory, and the object identification information read by the mobile terminal is output for the information of a user.
Methods and apparatus for improving NFC activation and data exchange reporting mechanisms
Aspects relate to improving reporting NFC RF technology usage in activation and data exchange for NFC devices. For example, with a near field communication (NFC) device, a NFCC may be configured to obtain a first radio frequency (RF) technology and mode value, a second RF technology and mode value, and one or more RF specific parameters associated with a NFC device during an activation phase of a communication link using a first NFC RF technology. The one or more RF specific parameters may be based on the first RF technology and mode value. Further, the NFCC may be configured to configure communications to be supported by a second NFC RF technology for use during a data exchange phase of the communication link. The second NFC RF technology may be based on the second RF technology and mode value.
Electronic device including multi-feed, multi-band antenna using external conductor
An electronic device includes a board embedded in the electronic device, having a peripheral portion and a conductive region including a ground and a non-conductive region, an external conductor located in the peripheral portion and including a first non-segmented conductor having persistence with respect to performing an antenna function and connected to the ground. The device also includes a first antenna pattern configured to receive a first feed signal that contribute to first resonance for a first communications band, a second antenna pattern configured to receive a second feed signal that contributes to second resonance for a second communications band, and a first shield located between the first antenna pattern and the second antenna pattern that is connected to each of the ground and the first non-segmented conductor.
Communication device and method for antenna selection
The invention provides a communication device and a communication method. The communication device with at least a first antenna and a second antenna includes a switch element, a transceiver, and an antenna selection and control module. The switch element is coupled to the first antenna and the second antenna. The transceiver is coupled to the switch element. The antenna selection and control module controls the switch element to switch between the first antenna and the second antenna, such that the first antenna and the second antenna are respectively set as an operating antenna and a non-operating antenna. In one or more busy time periods of the operating antenna, the transceiver measures a first communication quality parameter of the operating antenna. In one or more idle time periods of the operating antenna, the transceiver measures a second communication quality parameter of the non-operating antenna.
Low specific absorption rate dual-band antenna structure
Dual-band antenna structures and methods of operating the same of an electronic device are described. One apparatus includes a radio frequency (RF) feed and a dual-band antenna structure coupled to the RF feed at a feeding point and coupled to a ground plane at a grounding point. The structure includes a first loop antenna and a second loop antenna, both coupled to the feeding point and the grounding point. The first loop antenna radiates electromagnetic energy in a first resonant mode in a first frequency band and the second loop antenna radiates electromagnetic energy in a second resonant mode in a second frequency band and radiates electromagnetic energy in a third resonant mode in the first frequency band. Surface currents create a pair of hot spots of magnetic field.
Transmitting device, receiving device and transmitting/receiving system
A transmitting device has a transmission data generating part and an output buffer part. The transmission data generating part transmits a data and a clock, which are to be transmitted to a receiving device, and outputs them to the output buffer part. The output buffer part includes a data transmitting part and a clock transmitting part. The clock transmitting part generates and transmits a clock intermittently phase-shifted. The data transmitting part transmits the data in sync with the clock transmitted from the clock transmitting part.
Conversion of a discrete-time quantized signal into a continuous-time, continuously variable signal
Provided are, among other things, systems, apparatuses, methods and techniques for converting a discrete-time quantized signal into a continuous-time, continuously variable signal. An exemplary converter preferably includes: (1) multiple oversampling converters, each processing a different frequency band, operated in parallel; (2) multirate (i.e., polyphase) delta-sigma modulators (preferably second-order or higher); (3) multi-bit quantizers; (4) multi-bit-to-variable-level signal converters, such as resistor ladder networks or current source networks; (5) adaptive nonlinear, bit-mapping to compensate for mismatches in the multi-bit-to-variable-level signal converters (e.g., by mimicking such mismatches and then shifting the resulting noise to a frequently range where it will be filtered out by a corresponding bandpass (reconstruction) filter); (6) multi-band (e.g., programmable noise-transfer-function response) bandpass delta-sigma modulators; and/or (7) a digital pre-distortion linearizer (DPL) for canceling noise and distortion introduced by an analog signal bandpass (reconstruction) filter bank.
Envelope-dependent noise-shaped segmentation in oversampling digital-to-analog converters
Improved mechanisms for applying noise-shaped segmentation techniques in a multi-bit DAC are disclosed. Noise-shaped segmentation refers to constructing two or more noise-shaped signals whose sum equals the original digital input signal by splitting each word of the input signal into two or more sub-words and converting each sub-word by a respective sub-word DAC group. Disclosed mechanisms include determining a range of amplitudes of a portion of the input signal over a certain time period, and, when converting digital words of that portion to analog values, limiting the number of sub-word DAC groups which are used for the conversion only to a number that is necessary for generating an analog output corresponding to the portion being evaluated, which number is determined based on the tracked amplitudes and could be smaller than the total number of sub-word DAC groups. Placing unused sub-word DAC groups into a power saving mode reduces power consumption.
Provided is a selection device including an acquisition section for acquiring digital selection signals, and an output section for outputting selection signals to respective unit cells, each unit cell capable of being commanded to output the value zero. The selection device is characterized in that: each selection signal is for commanding the unit cell to output a value corresponding to that selection signal; the sum of the values to be output as commanded by the respective selection signals, which are output to the respective unit cells, is a value determined in association with the digital selection signal; and if the output corresponding to the digital selection signal is the value zero, then selection signals each commanding to output a non-zero value (N) are output to some of the unit cells.
Low-power clock repeaters and injection locking protection for high-frequency clock distributions
A low power clock distribution circuit system (200) includes a clock generator (201) for generating a high frequency clock signal that is supplied to a clock interconnect running to multiple lanes of an integrated circuit, each lane including a passive clock repeater circuit (e.g., 203) having a differential-mode RLC network (e.g., 301) that is shielded by an active guard ring structure (e.g., 511) and that is coupled to receive first and second input clock signals (Vip, Vin) to provide clock signal gain boosting at a predetermined frequency range and clock signal attenuation out of the operating frequency range, thereby generating the first and second output clock signals (Vop, Von) that are provided to a clocked circuit (e.g., 211).
Integrated circuit comprising circuitry to determine settings for an injection-locked oscillator
Embodiments of an integrated circuit (IC) comprising circuitry to determine settings for an injection-locked oscillator (ILO) are described. In some embodiments, an injection signal is generated based on a first clock edge of a reference clock signal, and is injected into an ILO. Next, one or more output signals of the ILO are sampled based on a second clock edge of the reference clock signal, and settings for the ILO are determined based on the samples. In some embodiments, a sequence of two or more time-to-digital (TDC) codes is generated based on a reference clock signal and a free-running ILO. In some embodiments, the TDC circuitry that is already present in a delay-locked loop is reused for determining the sequence of two or more TDC codes. The ILO settings can then be determined based on the sequence of two or more TDC codes.
Jitter-based clock selection
In a first clock frequency multiplier, multiple injection-locked oscillators (ILOs) having spectrally-staggered lock ranges are operated in parallel to effect a collective input frequency range substantially wider than that of a solitary ILO. After each input frequency change, the ILO output clocks may be evaluated according to one or more qualifying criteria to select one of the ILOs as the final clock source. In a second clock frequency multiplier, a flexible-injection-rate injection-locked oscillator locks to super-harmonic, sub-harmonic or at-frequency injection pulses, seamlessly transitioning between the different injection pulse rates to enable a broad input frequency range. The frequency multiplication factor effected by the first and/or second clock frequency multipliers in response to an input clock is determined on the fly and then compared with a programmed (desired) multiplication factor to select between different frequency-divided instances of the frequency-multiplied clock.
Phase locked loop for reducing fractional spur noise
Provided is a phase locked loop (PLL) that generates an output clock signal corresponding to a reference clock signal, the PLL including a first phase interpolator configured to generate a first interpolator clock signal that has a first time delay from the output clock signal and a second phase interpolator configured to generate a second interpolator clock signal that has a second time delay from the output clock signal. The PLL controls a frequency of the output clock signal based on a multiplexing the first interpolator clock signal and the second interpolator clock signal.
Apparatus and methods for single phase spot circuits
Provided herein are apparatus and methods for single phase spot circuits. In certain implementations, a single phase spot circuit propagates a spot from input to output in response to a clock edge of a single phase clock signal. The single phase spot circuit holds the spot for about one clock cycle, thereby providing higher maximum operating frequency relative to multiphase spot circuits that hold a spot for about half of a clock cycle. Two or more single phase spot circuits can be electrically connected in a ring to operate as a spot divider. The single phase spot circuits can be used to advance a spot, represented using either a one or a zero, from one spot circuit to the next in response to a clock edge. In certain implementations, as the spot advances, a single phase spot circuit clears the spot from its input via a feedback element.
Fine-grain dynamically reconfigurable FPGA architecture
A field programmable gate array (FPGA) and method of reconfiguring a FPGA are disclosed. The FPGA includes a plurality of logic elements interconnected with reconfigurable switches and at least horizontal and vertical direct links A memory is coupled to the reconfigurable switches, the memory being configured to store at least two run time configurations. The reconfigurable switches are reconfigurable based on a selected run time configuration stored in the memory. The memory may be a nanoelectronic random access memory (RAM). The memory may be configured to store the at least two run time configurations for at least four logic elements. Each logic element may include a look-up-table (LUT), a flip-flop, inputs and outputs. Each logic element may include dedicated carry logic. At least four logic elements may be interconnected with diagonal direct links.
Systems and methods for configuring a field programmable device
This technology relates generally to integrated circuit technologies, and more particularly, to methods and systems for configuring a field programmable device. In one embodiment, a method for configuring a field programmable device is provided. The method comprises: identifying information associated with a plurality of logic functions associated with a plurality of subsystems to be implemented on a field programmable device; determining, based on the information, a set of attributes associated with each of the plurality of subsystems; determining, based on the set of attributes, a first value indicative of an estimation of a total number of the sequential logic blocks, and a second value indicative of an estimation of a total number of the combinational logic blocks, for implementing the plurality of logic functions; determining, based on the first and second values, to configure a first field programmable device for implementing the plurality of logic functions.
Method and apparatuses for optimizing power management on an integrated circuit device
Input-output (IO) circuitry for optimizing power management on an integrated circuit is disclosed. The IO circuitry includes monitoring circuitry and a multiplexer circuit that is controlled by the monitoring circuitry. The monitoring circuitry determines whether majority of the bits of an IO signal are transitioning from a first logical state to a second logical state. When a number of bit transitions of the IO signal exceeds a predetermined bit transition threshold, the monitoring circuitry may send a monitoring circuitry output to the multiplexer circuit to selectively couple an output signal to either the IO signal or an inverted IO signal. The IO circuitry further includes an additional multiplexer that receives the monitoring circuitry output and a clock signal. The additional multiplexer selects an additional output signal from the monitoring circuitry output and the clock signal based on a control signal that indicates a power-savings operation.
Scalable qubit drive and readout
A technique relates to qubit drive and readout. A first lossless microwave switch is connected to a quantum system. A second lossless microwave switch is connectable to the first lossless microwave switch. A quantum-limited amplifier is connectable to the second lossless microwave switch.
Semiconductor integrated circuit having a switch, an electrically- conductive electrode line and an electrically-conductive virtual line
A semiconductor integrated circuit including: a circuit block having an internal voltage line; an annular rail line forming a closed annular line around the circuit block and supplied with one of a power supply voltage and a reference voltage; and a plurality of switch blocks arranged around the circuit block along the annular rail line, the plurality of switch blocks each including a voltage line segment forming a part of the annular rail line and a switch for controlling connection and disconnection between the voltage line segment and the internal voltage line.
Method for controlling switching edges for switched output stages, control device, and output stage
A method is described for controlling switching edges for switched output stages, in which a voltage at a switching node of the output stage is detected; a reference time is started when the voltage reaches a predefined reference value; the steepness of the switching edge is reduced if the voltage has reached a second predefined reference value at an end of the reference time; and the steepness of the switching edge is increased if the voltage has not reached the second predefined reference value at the end of the reference time. Furthermore, a control device for adjusting switching edges for switched output stages is provided.
Electronic control apparatus having switching element and drive circuit
An electronic control apparatus includes a switching element; an ON-drive constant-current circuit supplying a constant current to the control terminal of the switching element thereby charging the control terminal of the switching element; an OFF-drive switching element discharging electrical charge from the control terminal of the switching element by being turned ON; and a control circuit adapted to control the ON-drive constant-current circuit and the OFF-drive switching element in response to a drive signal being inputted, thereby controlling the voltage of the control terminal of the switching element so as to drive the switching element. The control circuit controls the current control transistor based on the voltage of the current detection resistor and supplies the constant current to the control terminal of the switching element, and detects an abnormality in the ON-drive constant-current circuit based on the voltage of the current detection resistor.
Correlated electron switch
Subject matter disclosed herein may relate to correlated electron switches.
An amplifier includes a first voltage generating circuit that generates a first clamp voltage based on a reference voltage and a first voltage, a second voltage generating circuit that generates a second clamp voltage based on the reference voltage and a second voltage that is lower than the first voltage, a third voltage generating circuit that generates a second AC voltage that changes with the same voltage amplitude in a vertical direction of the reference voltage, based on an input first AC voltage, within a voltage range of the first voltage and the first clamp voltage, or within a voltage range of the second clamp voltage and the second voltage, and an amplification circuit that amplifies the voltage amplitude of the second AC voltage and generates a third AC voltage.
Systems and methods for mitigating noise in an electronic device
A method and apparatus for mitigating electromagnetic noise in an electronic device. The method includes generating a trigger clock signal at a first frequency, and generating a second clock signal at a second frequency. The second frequency is higher than the first frequency. The method also includes receiving an input signal with a converter circuit, detecting an event based on the trigger clock signal, and predicting a time for a conversion of the input signal based on the detected event. The method further includes blanking the second clock signal for a predetermined period based on the predicted time for a conversion.
Cross product enhanced subband block based harmonic transposition
The invention provides an efficient implementation of cross-product enhanced high-frequency reconstruction (HFR), wherein a new component at frequency QΩ+rΩ0 is generated on the basis of existing components at Ω and Ω+Ω0. The invention provides a block-based harmonic transposition, wherein a time block of complex subband samples is processed with a common phase modification. Superposition of several modified samples has the net effect of limiting undesirable intermodulation products, thereby enabling a coarser frequency resolution and/or lower degree of oversampling to be used. In one embodiment, the invention further includes a window function suitable for use with block-based cross-product enhanced HFR. A hardware embodiment of the invention may include an analysis filter bank, a subband processing unit configurable by control data and a synthesis filter bank.
Power amplifier module
A power amplifier module includes an amplifier transistor and a bias circuit. A first power supply voltage based on a first operation mode or a second power supply voltage based on a second operation mode is supplied to the amplifier transistor. The amplifier transistor receives a first signal and outputs a second signal obtained by amplifying the first signal. The bias circuit supplies a bias current to the amplifier transistor. The bias circuit includes first and second resistors and first and second transistors. The first transistor is connected in series with the first resistor and is turned ON by a first bias control voltage which is supplied when the first operation mode is used. The second transistor is connected in series with the second resistor and is turned ON by a second bias control voltage which is supplied when the second operation mode is used.
Apparatus and methods for reducing input bias current of an electronic circuit
Apparatus and methods for reducing input bias current of electronic circuits are provided herein. In certain implementations, an electronic circuit includes a first input terminal, a second input terminal, an input circuit, and a plurality of input switches including at least a first input switch and a second input switch. The first input switch is electrically connected between the first input terminal and a first input of the input circuit, the second input switch is electrically connected between the second input terminal and a second input of the input circuit, and the first and second input switches can be opened and closed using a clock signal. The electronic circuit further includes a charge compensation circuit for compensating for charge injection through the first and second input switches during transitions of the clock signal.
Re-configurable passive mixer for wireless receivers
A configurable passive mixer is described herein. According to one exemplary embodiment, the passive mixer comprises a clock generator, a controller, and a plurality of passive mixer cores connected in parallel. The clock generator comprises a local oscillator drive unit for each passive mixer core. The controller varies an effective transistor size of the passive mixer by separately configuring each of the passive mixer cores to enable/disable each passive mixer core. For example, the controller may selectively enable one or more of the passive mixer cores to vary the effective transistor width of the passive mixer. As the performance requirements and/or the operating communication standard change, the controller may re-configure each passive mixer core.
Electrical drive system and energy storage apparatus therefor
A drive system may have at least one electric motor which can be fed via power electronics which can be connected via a DC circuit to a voltage source and an energy storage apparatus for buffering energy fed back from the electric motor. An energy storage apparatus for such a drive system may include at least one electrical storage block, a bidirectional DC/DC converter for connecting the named DC voltage circuit to the internal voltage circuit of the storage block and a control unit for controlling the DC/DC converter. The control unit may include output and feed control means for controlling the DC/DC converter. The DC/DC converter, the storage block and the control unit may be combined into an energy storage unit having a common housing in which the named components are received and at whose outer side two connections are provided for connecting to the DC voltage circuit.
Rotary drive system, method for controlling an inverter and associated computer program
A rotary drive system having a voltage source and an electric motor. The motor has a stator with independent phases and a rotor, an inverter designed to connect each phase to the voltage source in order to generate phase currents, and a device for controlling the inverter. The control device includes a unit for determining whether the fundamental frequency of the phase currents is lower than a frequency threshold equal to, at the most, 100 Hz, and a unit for generating a command, configured such that, when the fundamental frequency is determine as being lower than the frequency threshold, the command causes the appearance of a homopolar component in the phase currents.
Static exciter system for generators
The present invention relates to the field of generator technology. It is an object of the invention to control the stability in an electric grid in which a plurality of generators are connected providing electric power to the grid. A static exciter system includes a control device for controlling the field voltage of the field winding of at least two generators connected to a grid system via a busbar.
Alternator control with temperature-dependent safety feature
A method for controlling an alternator includes determining a temperature-dependent value associated with a battery coupled to an alternator and determining an excitation emergency threshold for the alternator based on the determined temperature-dependent value associated with the battery. The method further includes initiating, by a controller of an alternator, at least one safety measure upon a determination that a voltage associated with the battery exceeds the determined excitation emergency threshold.
Multi-phase machine current control
A controller for controlling a multi-phase motor is described. The controller may be configured to drive a first virtual multi-phase motor in an active mode and drive a second virtual multi-phase motor in a passive mode. In the active mode, at least a portion of a reference torque is distributed to the first virtual multi-phase motor. In the passive mode, zero torque is distributed to the second virtual multi-phase motor.
Method and system for harvesting energy using an EAP based deformable body
Method for harvesting energy using an EAP based deformable body. The EAP based deformable body is an elastically deformable body including an arrangement of stretchable synthetic material and electrodes being arranged as a variable capacitor with a capacitance that varies as the deformable body stretches and relaxes. The method includes: looping through an energy harvesting cycle with a) stretching the deformable body from a minimal relaxed size L1 to a maximal stretched size L2; b) at the maximal stretched size electrically charging of the variable capacitor to create an electric field over the capacitor with an upper electric field level value; and subsequently c) a relaxation step from maximal stretched size to the minimal relaxed size; d) at the minimal relaxed size of the deformable body, electrically discharging the capacitor to a minimal charge level and a minimal electric field level value.
Apparatus for controlling inverter current and method of operating the same
Provided is an apparatus for controlling an inverter current, and more particularly, to a current controlling apparatus for controlling current of a switching element of an inverter that outputs a 3-phase alternating current. The apparatus for controlling an inverter current includes: an inverter comprising a plurality of current detection switching elements capable of detecting switched and output current, converting a direct current voltage into a 3-phase alternating current by turning the plurality of current detection switching elements on and off; an AD converter for directly receiving an input of an output current of an output terminal of each of the plurality of current detection switching elements as a detection current and converting the detection current into a detection signal value in digital form; and a control unit for controlling on and off of the plurality of current detection switching elements by using the detection signal value.
Power conversion apparatus
A power conversion apparatus includes a capacitor and a heat dissipation member for cooling the capacitor. The capacitor and the heat dissipation member are pressed in an arranging direction in which the capacitor and the heat dissipation member are arranged. The capacitor includes a capacitor element which includes a dielectric body and a metal layer formed on a surface of the dielectric body, an electrode part connected to the metal layer and a bus bar connected to the electrode part. Part of the bus bar is interposed in the arranging direction between the heat dissipation member and the capacitor element.
Integral inverter and solar cell module including the same
Discussed is an integral inverter usable with a solar cell module including a solar cell panel. The integral inverter includes a terminal connected to the solar cell panel, a bypass diode electrically connected to the terminal, an inverter member including a direct current (DC)-alternating current (AC) inverter electrically connected to the bypass diode and a case configured to integrate at least one of the terminal and the bypass diode with the DC-AC inverter located therein.
Control method for direct power converter
A converter performs full-wave rectification on a single-phase voltage, thus outputting a rectified voltage across DC power supply lines. An inverter receives the rectified voltage and then supplies a three-phase AC current to an inductive load. Between the DC power supply lines is connected a charge and discharge circuit. The charge and discharge circuit includes a buffer circuit and a boost circuit. The buffer circuit includes a series connection between a capacitor and a switch. The boost circuit, which may be configured by a boost chopper, includes a switch, a reactor and a diode. The charge and discharge circuit provides and receives part of pulsations of the power input to the converter between the DC power supply lines.
Method and apparatus for wireless transmission of line frequency, line voltage alternating current
A wireless power transmission circuit for wirelessly transmitting line frequency sinusoidal AC power to a load where the line frequency ripple filter of conventional circuits is eliminated and a DC-to-AC inverter is replaced by a simple polarity inversion circuit. The envelope of the high frequency AC on the AC line frequency source side is not constant but varies continuously in a half-sinusoidal fashion at the line frequency. Wireless transmission occurs only with a half-sinusoidal, constantly varying envelope, not the constant amplitude envelope of prior art. High frequency rectification and high frequency ripple filtering occurs as in the prior art but the ripple filter time constant is selected so that resulting waveform is an accurate replica of the rectified line frequency voltage present on the transmitter side. A polarity inversion stage replaces the DC-to-AC inverter of conventional art to generate the line frequency AC.
Power conversion apparatus with power saving and high conversion efficiency mechanisms
A power conversion apparatus is provided. The power conversion apparatus includes a transformer, a synchronous rectification (SR) transistor and an SR control circuit. A first terminal of a primary side of the transformer receives an input voltage. A first terminal of a secondary side of the transformer provides an output voltage to a load. A first drain/source terminal of the SR transistor is coupled to a second terminal of the secondary side of the transformer. A second drain/source terminal of the SR transistor is coupled to a first ground terminal. A gate terminal of the SR transistor receives a control signal. The SR control circuit receives a signal of the first drain/source terminal of the SR transistor to determine statuses of the load and generate the control signal. When the load is a light load, the SR control circuit enters a power-saving mode and turns off the SR transistor.
Switching converter and control circuit thereof, current sensing method, AC/DC converter, and power adaptor and electronic devices
A control circuit is used in a switching converter including at least, a switching transistor and a coil connected to the switching transistor. The control circuit includes: a current comparing circuit that asserts a peak current sensing signal when a current flowing in the coil during the ON period of the switching transistor reaches a threshold current. The current comparing circuit includes: a first comparator that compares a sensed voltage according to the current flowing in the switching transistor and the coil with a threshold voltage defining the threshold current, and generates a comparison signal; and a variable delay circuit that generates the peak current sensing signal by delaying the comparison signal, a delay amount of the variable delay circuit varying according to a period of time from a turn-on of the switching transistor to a transition of the comparison signal.
Isolated power control device, power conversion device and isolated power control method used in power conversion device
An isolated power control device that includes an auxiliary isolated power circuit and a voltage level identification unit is provided. The auxiliary isolated power circuit includes a transformer module, a control module, and a switch module. The transformer module includes a primary side and a secondary side. The control module generates a switch control signal according to a primary side remote on/off control signal. The switch module is conducted according to the switch control signal to transmit an input auxiliary power signal to the primary side of the transformer module such that the auxiliary isolated power circuit generates a target voltage signal having a plurality of voltage levels. The voltage level identification unit receives the target voltage signal to output a secondary side remote on-off control signal to control a main isolated power device.
Constant on-time pulse width control-based scheme including capabilities of fast transient response and adaptively adjusting on-time pulse width
A constant on-time pulse width control-based apparatus capable of detecting a transient event of a voltage converter includes a specific comparator, a logic circuit, and a controller. The specific comparator generates a logic control signal to the logic circuit according to two resultant signals of the controller. The logic circuit generates a pulse control signal with an on-time pulse width to charge an output capacitor according to the logic control signal. The controller generates the two resultant signals to the specific comparator by generating a voltage ramp signal and amplifying an output voltage ripple signal based on a reference voltage, and detects the transient event to dynamically adjust the on-time pulse width of the pulse control signal according to the amplified output voltage ripple signal.
Method and apparatus for a delay locked power supply regulator
A voltage regulator includes a delay chain having a plurality of delay elements, a thermometer to binary encoder coupled to multiple nodes in the delay chain to provide a first binary number that is indicative of an estimated delay of the delay chain, and a latch coupled to the thermometer to binary encoder to receive the binary number. The voltage regulator also includes a signal processing circuit for providing a control signal indicative of a difference between the first binary number with a second binary number that represents a target delay, and a voltage control circuit coupled to the signal processing circuit for providing an output voltage based on the control signal from the processing circuit.
Voltage converters with asymmetric gate voltages
A highly efficient voltage conversion circuit device with both asymmetric and symmetric gate voltages is disclosed, to obtain high efficiency for low or medium load currents through the asymmetric gate voltage control and high efficiency for high load currents through the symmetric gate voltage control. The device includes an intermediate voltage generation circuit unit, gate voltage driver circuits connected to the intermediate voltage generation circuit unit, and multi-phase switches connected to the asymmetric gate voltage driver circuits, etc. The intermediate voltage generation circuit unit includes a voltage reference circuit unit that provides the reference voltage for the intermediate voltage generation, an active current pull-down circuit unit, a current pull-up that is supplied by a high value resistor, and a charge storage capacitor.
Charge pump-based drive circuitry for bipolar junction transistor (BJT)-based power supply
A bipolar junction transistor (BJT) may be used to generate a supply voltage for operating a controller, such as a lighting controller for a LED-based light bulb. A base of the BJT may receive current generated from the supply voltage to control operation of the BJT. Although the base of the BJT would be at a lower voltage than the emitter, a base drive circuit may be coupled between the emitter and the base of the BJT to increase the voltage. As one example, the base drive circuit may be a charge pump. In another example, the BJT may function as its own charge pump. In yet another example, a positive and a negative base current of the BJT may be independently controlled to regulate an output supply voltage VDD from the BJT.
Power factor correction conversion device and control method thereof
A power factor correction conversion device and control method thereof are adapted to send an AC signal to a power factor correction conversion device, convert the AC signal into a DC signal, and perform power factor correction of the DC signal, so as to change a power factor sent to a back-end load, wherein the control method includes a rectification step, a feedback step, a ripple calculating step, a ripple offsetting step, a logical computation step, a pulse width modulation step and a power factor correcting step. Hence, the second-order ripple component in a feedback signal is eliminated to thereby increase the response speed of the power factor correction conversion device and reduce the distortion rate of the current, thus increasing the power factor sent to the back-end load.
Constant-voltage drive device capable of adjusting output voltage
A constant-voltage drive device capable of adjusting output voltage includes a chopping wave structure, an AC power voltage detection module, an AC voltage signal bias module, a power factor correction controller with multiplier, a power factor correction and energy conversion and transmission module, an output control module, a reference signal generation module, an AC power phase angle detection module and a phase angle information transmission module. The output voltage can be both constant and adjustable, so that the output changes with the phase angle information of input, and also provides the chopping wave structure with current for proper functioning. The device is applicable for bigger power range with better compatibility and stronger adaptability.
Power conversion device
A power conversion device located between an AC power source and a load includes: a rectifier circuit unit that rectifies a voltage of the AC power source; a smoothing unit that smooths a DC voltage on the load side of the rectifier circuit unit; a short-circuiting unit that short-circuits the AC power source; a step-up reactor—located on the AC power source side of the short-circuiting unit; at least one of a reactor current detecting unit—that detects the current of the step-up reactor and a bus voltage detecting unit that detects an output voltage of the smoothing unit; a counterflow preventing element that prevents a counterflow of the current from the smoothing unit to the AC power source; a switching control unit that outputs a control signal for the short-circuiting unit; and a switching frequency changing unit that changes a frequency of the control signal using a logic operation.
Insulation communication device
An insulation communication device includes a transmission circuit having a primary coil; and a reception circuit including a secondary coil, and is configured to transmit a signal from the transmission circuit to the reception circuit by magnetic coupling between the primary coil and the secondary coil. The transmission circuit includes an edge detection circuit, a bridge circuit, a coil current information detection circuit, and a pulse signal control circuit. The reception circuit includes a first detection circuit, a second detection circuit and an output signal generation circuit.
An actuator includes two abutment elements and an adjusting device for changing their spacing in a translational displacement direction. A support element is provided between the abutment elements, a drive motor is supported by the support element, a first spindle nut is rotatably supported by the support element, a second spindle nut is rotatably supported by the support element, a first spindle engages the first spindle nut and is connected to one abutment element, and a second spindle engages the second spindle nut and is connected to the other abutment element. Two limit switches are mounted on a switch support on the support element and spaced apart from each other in the translational displacement direction. A first limit switch actuating element is attached to one of the abutment elements, and a second limit switch actuating element is attached to one of the spindles.
Arrangement having at least one electrical winding and electric machine with this arrangement
An arrangement has at least one electrical winding having a one-part or multi-part component produced from a soft-magnetic powder composite material, which component conducts an electromagnetic flow of the winding, at least in certain regions, and has a recess provided in the region of this flow conduction, and having a one-part or multi-part, particularly metallic connector part, which has a greater mechanical strength and/or electrical conductivity and/or thermal conductivity as compared to the component, and projects into the recess of the component. In order to achieve particular thermal, mechanical and/or electrical properties, the recess penetrates the component in the region of its flow conduction, and the connector part that projects through this recess forms a mechanical, electrical and/or thermal bridge that bridges the component.
Rotary electric device for power working machine
In a rotary electric device for a power working machine capable of being braked by a brake mechanism, a cover having a bottomed cylindrical shape and covering a yoke of the device, includes: a cover cylindrical portion concentrically surrounding an outer peripheral surface of a cylindrical portion of the yoke with an annular clearance therebetween, and having an outer peripheral surface with which a brake shoe is capable of being placed in pressure contact; and a cover bottom wall portion continuous to one end of the cover cylindrical portion, and connected to a bottom wall portion of the yoke. A ventilation clearance communicating with the annular clearance is formed between the bottom wall portion and the cover bottom wall portion. Vent holes communicating the ventilation clearance with an outside of the yoke are provided through the bottom wall portion and the cover bottom wall portion.
Energy production device and system
An energy production device including a frame, a body, first and second aligned input shafts projecting from two opposite faces of the body, and a third input shaft aligned with an output shaft. The direction of the first and second input shafts is perpendicular to the direction of the third input shaft and of the output shaft. A mechanical connection is provided at the proximal part of each of the shafts which is within the body. The mechanical connection operates with a transmission system within the body so that any rotation movement on any of the input shafts is converted into a unidirectional rotation movement on the output shaft. A distal end of the third input shaft is fixed to the frame. A bearing is fixed on the frame, into which the distal end of the output shaft is freewheeling. A first pendulum is mounted on a bearing at the distal end of the first input shaft to pivot around the first input shaft and a second pendulum mounted on a bearing at the distal end of the second input shaft to pivot around the second input shaft.
Method of assembling an electromechanical device in a gas-turbine engine
A method of assembling a starter/generator in a gas-turbine engine, including coupling a rotor and a stator of the starter/generator such that the rotor is rotatable with respect to the stator to drive the rotor when the starter/generator is electrically powered and to produce electrical power when the rotor is rotated, securing the stator to a bearing support, coupling the starter/generator to a low pressure shaft of the engine by installing the bearing support over a bearing assembly secured to an end of the low pressure shaft, inserting the low pressure shaft through a high pressure shaft of the engine with the end of the low pressure shaft protruding therefrom and positioning the starter/generator in proximity of an end of the high pressure shaft, and drivingly engaging the rotor to the high pressure shaft.
Energy storage flywheel device and system for producing kinetic energy within the storage system
A flywheel energy storage system incorporates various embodiments in design and processing to achieve a very high ratio of energy stored per unit cost. The system uses a high-strength steel rotor rotating in a vacuum envelope. The rotor has a geometry that ensures high yield strength throughout its cross-section using various low-cost quenched and tempered alloy steels. Low-cost is also achieved by forging the rotor in a single piece with integral shafts. A high energy density is achieved with adequate safety margins through a pre-conditioning treatment. The bearing and suspension system utilizes an electromagnet that off-loads the rotor allowing for the use of low-cost, conventional rolling contact bearings over an operating lifetime of several years.
Bus bar and motor including the same
A bus bar includes an insulator and a plurality of terminals inserted into the insulator and connected to the coil of a stator. The central axes of virtual circles extended from the inner circumferential surfaces of the plurality of terminals are differently disposed. The insulator may have a simple structure because the terminals having the same shape are assembled. The productivity of an assembly process can be improved.
A rotor, in particular a permanent magnet rotor, for an electrical machine, with a magnet carrier arranged concentrically with an axis of the rotor, wherein the magnet carrier has protrusions on its outer face, a number of magnets arranged on the outer face of the magnet carrier, which are arranged in the peripheral direction of the magnet carrier side-by-side and spaced apart from one another on the magnet carrier, wherein the magnets in each case are arranged between the protrusions, and plastic, which in each case is arranged between the magnets and at least partially encloses the protrusions.
Magnet-type rotating electric machine
There is provided an alternating current generator for a vehicle, including: a rotor (1), a flywheel (3), and main magnets (4) and auxiliary magnets (5) alternately arranged; and a stator (2). Each of the main magnets (4) is magnetized to an N-pole and an S-pole in a radial direction, whereas the main magnets (4) are arranged so that the main magnets (4) adjacent to each other through corresponding one of the auxiliary magnets (5) therebetween are magnetized to have opposite polarity patterns. Each of the auxiliary magnets (5) is magnetized to the N-pole and the S-pole in the circumferential direction, whereas the auxiliary magnets (5) are arranged so that the auxiliary magnets (5) adjacent to each other through corresponding one of the main magnets (4) therebetween are magnetized to have opposite polarity patterns.
Rotor and dynamo-electric machine having the same
Each permanent magnet provided in a rotor includes a projection that projects toward a corresponding predetermined portion of the rotor core. An inner peripheral surface of each permanent magnet, which is radially opposed to the corresponding predetermined portion of the rotor core, includes a primary contacting portion and two primary non-contacting portions. The primary contacting portion contacts the corresponding predetermined portion of the rotor core at a circumferential location, which corresponds to the projection. The primary non-contacting portions do not contact the rotor core and are located on two circumferentially opposite sides, respectively, of the primary contacting portion.
Split pole spoke type PM machine with enclosed magnets
A rotor for a permanent magnet synchronous machine that includes a rotor core structure. A first set of permanent magnets forms poles within the rotor core structure. Each pole includes a pair of permanent magnets from the first set of permanent magnets. A first set of apertures is formed in a first radial layer of the rotor core structure. Each pole includes a pair of apertures from the first set of apertures. The first set of permanent magnets is inserted within the first set of apertures. Each pair of permanent magnets within a pole cooperatively generates a magnetic field in a same direction within the pole. The magnetic field generated by a respective pair of magnets in a respective pole is opposite to a magnetic field generated by a pair of permanent magnets in an adjacent pole.
Rotor for rotating electric machine
A rotor includes a rotor core having a plurality of pairs of magnet-receiving holes and a plurality of magnets respectively received in the magnet-receiving holes. Each pair of the magnet-receiving holes is arranged in a substantially V-shape that opens toward a stator side. For each pair of the magnet-receiving holes, there are provided a pair of corresponding magnetic flux barriers and a corresponding center bridge. The corresponding magnetic flux barriers are formed so as to respectively extend radially inward from magnetic pole centerline-side ends of the pair of the magnet-receiving holes. The corresponding center bridge radially extends between the corresponding magnetic flux barriers to separate them from each other. The corresponding center bridge is configured to include a radially inner portion and a radially outer portion located radially outward of the radially inner portion. The radially inner portion has a greater circumferential width than the radially outer portion.
Cooling arrangement for an electrical machine
This invention relates to a laminated core for an electrical machine, including: a plurality of laminations configured to define a channel in a surface of the laminated core for the flow of a cooling fluid, wherein the channel has a base and at least one side wall, the at least one side wall having a stepped profile.
Electric power transmission device, electric power reception device, vehicle, and non-contact electric power feed system
In a non-contact electric power feed system, electric power is supplied in a non-contact manner from an electric power transmission device to a vehicle representing an electric power reception device. The electric power transmission device includes an electric power transmission unit, a communication unit for radio communication with the electric power reception device, and a control device for controlling the electric power transmission unit. The control device varies transmitted electric power from the electric power transmission unit while the electric power transmission unit transmits electric power, and determines whether or not pairing between the vehicle specified as an electric power transmission target and the electric power transmission unit is appropriate, based on information on variation in electric power from the vehicle specified as the electric power transmission target through radio communication.
AC power supply source switching apparatus
A mechanical switch and a semiconductor switch are connected between a load and a power supply system. A mechanical switch and a semiconductor switch are connected between the load and a secondary battery side. A control part turns on the mechanical switch, turns off the semiconductor switch, turns on the semiconductor switch and turns off the mechanical switch sequentially. In addition or alternatively, the control part turns on the mechanical switch, turns off the semiconductor switch, turns on the semiconductor switch and turns off the mechanical switch.
Power conversion device
A power conversion device connected between a storage battery and AC system charges the storage battery with power from the AC system and discharges power from the storage battery to the AC system. The power conversion device includes a DC/DC conversion circuit performing conversion between a storage battery voltage and DC bus voltage, a DC/AC conversion circuit performing conversion between the DC bus voltage and AC voltage of the AC system, and control circuits controlling the DC/DC and DC/AC conversion circuits. The control circuits select either step-up control or step-down control for the DC/DC conversion circuit based on the storage battery voltage, the storage battery charge state, and a control range of the DC bus voltage, set a control target value of the DC bus voltage, and control the DC/DC and DC/AC conversion circuits by the selected control method so the DC bus voltage becomes the control target value.
System and method for supplying uninterrupted power to a PoE device with active power negotiation and extended range
A system and method for supplying uninterruptible power has active power negotiation and an extended range. The system includes a housing, a power supply input, a power source equipment input, a powered device output, an alternative power supply, and a control module. The control module includes a comparator, a switch, a converter, and an injector. The injector includes a regulator and power autonegotiation module. The injector actively manages the power to the powered device, even when the PoE available from older power source equipment differs from the PoE requirements of an updated powered device. There can also be an Ethernet switch as a power source equipment extension between the powered device and the system. The Ethernet switch extends the range of the powered device from the system.
Load control system operable under different power supply conditions
According to one aspect, a load control system responsive to electric power from either a first power source or a second power source operable during first and second time periods, respectively, comprises a first circuit responsive to the first and second power sources to develop power waveforms having different characteristics during the first and second time periods. The load control system further includes a second circuit coupled to the first circuit and responsive to the characteristics of the power developed by the first circuit for developing first and second different outputs during the first and second time periods, respectively.
Signal discrimination for wireless key fobs and interacting systems
A wireless charging system for a vehicle. The wireless charging system includes a wireless power transmitter, a vehicle signal sensor, and a controller. The controller starts a wireless transmission of electromagnetic energy from the wireless power transmitter to a receiving device. The controller measures an electromagnetic signal within the vehicle during the wireless transmission of electromagnetic energy from the wireless power transmitter to the receiving device. The controller detects a vehicle control signal within the electromagnetic signal. The controller stops the wireless transmission of electromagnetic energy from the wireless power transmitter to the receiving device upon detection of the vehicle control signal within the electromagnetic signal.
Contact point power pad for battery charger
An apparatus, system and method for providing a contact point power pad for use with a battery charger, such as may reside in a mobile device. The apparatus, system and method may include a base insulation pad, a plurality of alternately charged strips electrically connected to at least one voltage source and physically atop the base insulation pad, and a plurality of raised insulating ridges interstitially between alternating ones of the alternately charged strips. The apparatus, system and method may also include a mobile device for use with a power pad. The mobile device may include three contact balls electrically associated with at least one battery charger for providing charging power to the at least one battery charger.
Methods and systems for object detection and sensing for wireless charging systems
An apparatus and method for detecting a condition within a wireless charging field are described. In one implementation, an apparatus comprises a wireless power receiver configured to receive wireless charging power from a wireless power charging transmitter. The apparatus further comprises a first sensor circuit that is at least partially disposed within a ground surface, the first sensor being operationally coupled to and configured to be charged or powered by the wireless power receiver. The first sensor is further configured to detect the condition.
Systems and techniques for energy storage regulation
Systems and techniques are disclosed for individually controlling energy storage devices in an array of devices. An energy storage regulation unit (ESRU) is described that enables the connection of an energy storage device to a system load bus and a charging/diagnostic bus such that the energy storage device may be individually charged and/or disconnected for maintenance. The ESRU comprises switches for selectively connecting the system load bus circuit, charging circuit, or a bypass circuit. An energy storage regulator is further described for enabling the control of one or more ESRUs. A regulator controller may receive sensor or measurement data from the ESRUs connected to the energy storage regulator, and may also issue control instructions that control the switches of the individual ESRUs. Measurement data can include, for example, voltage, current, or temperature information relating to a specific ESRU.
Method for limiting battery discharging current in battery charger and discharger circuit
A power supply system includes a rechargeable battery to deliver a supply current to a load and a circuit to limit a discharge current when the rechargeable battery is supplying power to the load. The power supply system may further include an integrator for integrating a discharge voltage representing the discharge current that exceeds a predetermined limit, a pulse-width-modulation (PWM) circuit for producing a control signal having a PWM duty cycle representing the discharge voltage, and a driver circuit for delivering the supply current to said load according to said control signal. In one embodiment, a digital register is used to set the battery discharging current limit, in another embodiment an analog circuit is used to set the battery discharging current limit, and in yet another embodiment or a combination of the digital register and analog circuit is used to set the battery discharging current limit.
Recharge method and electronic device using same
A recharge method and an electronic device using the recharge method are provided. The recharge method includes: determining, at an electronic device, whether a charger coupled with the electronic device has an adjustable output voltage; controlling, at the electronic device, the charger to recharge a battery of the electronic device in a first recharge mode in which the battery is recharged with a optimum recharge voltage if the charger has an adjustable output voltage; and controlling, at the electronic device, the charger to recharge the battery in a second recharge mode in which the battery is recharged with a constant recharge voltage if the recharger has a constant output voltage.
A battery system includes a plurality of battery packs connected in parallel each including a switch and a battery connected to the switch in series and a battery state determining unit determining a state of the battery. The battery state determining unit includes a disconnection determining unit controlling disconnection of the switch and a switch controller controlling open and close of the switch in accordance with a result of determining the state. The disconnection determining unit calculates allowable stop and demanded stop periods of the battery packs on the basis of the past data, season data, and allowable currents of the batteries and transmits data to the switch controller when the demanded stop period is smaller than the allowable stop period, and the switch controller makes the switch in an open state.
Battery control system, battery pack, electronic device
A measurement unit (200) measures voltages and currents of battery cells (100). A battery control unit (400) calculates a present estimation value of a residual capacity of the battery cells (100) by integrating the currents. The voltages of the battery cells (100) are set to a reference voltage value V1 serving as a trigger of a process of correcting the estimation value of the residual capacity and an alarm voltage value Va which is a voltage higher than the reference voltage value. In addition, the battery control unit (400) continues discharge of all the battery cells (100), as it is, when an alarm condition in which a voltage of a minimum capacity cell is equal to or less than the alarm voltage value is not satisfied, and outputs a first signal when the voltage of the minimum capacity cell satisfies the alarm condition.
Systems and methods for hidden battery cell charging and conditioning
In accordance with embodiments of the present disclosure, an information handling system may include at least one information handling resource and a battery for supplying electrical energy to the at least one information handling resource. The battery may include a plurality of series-coupled cells and a plurality of switching devices arranged with respect to the plurality of series-coupled cells, the plurality of switching devices configured to be selectively and independently activated and deactivated in order to simultaneously enable one or more of the plurality of series-coupled cells to generate a portion of an output voltage delivered to the at least one information handling resource and bypass one or more of the plurality of series-coupled cells.
Wireless power communication
A remote device in accordance with the present invention includes an adaptive power receiver that receives wireless power from the wireless power supply by induction. The adaptive power receiver may be switched among two or more modes of operation, including, for example, a high-Q mode and a low-Q mode. By controlling the duty cycle of the switching between modes, the amount of energy received by the adaptive receiver may be controlled to communicate to the wireless power supply. This control is a form of adaptive resonance communication or Q control communication. Distortion can be reduced or eliminated by ramping between duty cycles with adjustment to intermediate duty cycle values.
Methods, transmission devices and transmission control system for transmitting power wirelessly
This invention proposes a method of and a device for transmitting power via electromagnetic coupling from a transmission device to a set of reception devices, said method comprising a step of calculating by the transmission device, a first sum of given power levels defined by each reception device of said set of reception devices; if a maximum power that can be transmitted by the transmission device to said set of reception devices is less than said first sum, then performing a step of determining by said transmission device, based on said first sum and according to a set of criteria, a subset of reception devices among said set of reception devices, to which the transmission device transmits power.
A method of controlling reactive power in a power generation system that includes a grid and a cross compound turbine generator system having a first turbine arranged to drive a first generator and a second turbine arranged to drive a second generator includes replacing the first turbine with a motor, the motor coupled to the first generator and operable to drive the first generator. The method also includes decoupling the second turbine and the second generator to allow the second generator to rotate separate from the second turbine, connecting an electrical output of the first generator to the second generator, and powering the motor to drive the first generator and to synchronize the first generator to the grid. The method further includes providing electrical power to the second generator from the first generator to power the second generator and synchronize the second generator to the grid and varying an excitation voltage for one of the first generator and the second generator to vary the reactive power output of the first generator and the second generator.
Demand shaping in an electrical power grid
A method (100) for demand shaping through load shedding and shifting in an electrical smart grid.
DC-power system with system protection capabilities
A DC-power system including a main DC bus, a power generating unit arranged to feed the main DC bus, an isolator switch arranged between the main DC bus and the power generating unit for isolating the power generating unit from the main DC bus in case of a main DC bus fault, a drive unit arranged to be fed by the main DC bus, wherein the drive unit includes a drive unit bus system, converter units connected to the drive unit bus system, and fuses arranged between the drive unit bus system and the converter units for protecting the converter units in case of a drive unit fault.
N+1 power supply system upgrade using dual output power supplies
A system may include a power module that includes a group of power supplies, particular ones of the group of power supplies being operable at a group of voltages ranging from a first voltage to a second voltage. The system may further include a controller coupled to the particular ones of the group of power supplies, the controller being to ramp up an output voltage, associated with the group of power supplies, from the first voltage to the second voltage in a group of discrete steps; where ramping up the output voltage by a particular one of the group of discrete steps is performed while a load is receiving power from the group of power supplies; and where ramping up the output voltage by a particular one of the group of discrete steps prevents over-current protection on the group of power supplies from being activated.
Ionic wind purifier and discharge monitoring and protective circuit of high-voltage ion purifier
An ionic wind purifier is described. The ionic wind purifier includes a generating electrode and a collecting electrode, which are arranged oppositely. A potential difference exists between the generating electrode and the collecting electrode, and at least one first projecting part is arranged on each collecting electrode plate of the collecting electrode. The first projecting part has a smooth surface. Thus, by arranging the first projecting part, the adsorption area of the collecting electrode is increased and the absorption capability of the collecting electrode is improved, thereby improving the purification efficiency of the ionic wind purifier and improving the use performance thereof. A discharge monitoring and protective circuit of a high-voltage ion purifier is also described.
Bi-directional transmitter/receiver comprising temperature sensor and driving circuit comprising the same
A bi-directional transmitter/receiver according to an embodiment includes a pin connected with a main control circuit, a transistor connected with a first electrode to the pin, a Schmitt trigger which determines an output according to a voltage of the pin, and a temperature sensor which is connected to the pin and which senses temperature and outputs temperature information to the pin. A driving circuit for controlling switching operation of one or more switches includes a bi-directional transmitter/receiver.
Protection against abnormal overpower of electrical equipment
A system protects electrical equipment. The system includes a backplane including electrically communicative inputs and outputs, input and output wiring, input and output detectors and a processor. Power sources respectively connect with corresponding inputs by way of the input wiring. The input detectors are respectively disposed on the input wiring to detect an amount of power provided from each of the power sources. Each of the outputs respectively connects with a corresponding load by way of the output wiring. The output detectors are respectively disposed on the output wiring to detect an amount of power provided from each of the outputs. The processor is configured to determine a relationship between the detected amounts of power and to take an action relative to at least one of the power sources based on the determined relationship.
Power distribution method, power distribution apparatus, and information handling system
An apparatus includes a power supply configured to supply power and a first electrical circuit breaker electrically coupled to the power supply. The apparatus includes a first electrical circuit electrically coupled to receive power from the power supply through the first electrical circuit breaker. The apparatus includes a second electrical circuit breaker electrically coupled to the power supply and a second electrical circuit. During operation of the apparatus, in response to detection that at least one of the current and the voltage of the power has exceeded the operating threshold for the first electrical circuit, the power supply and the first electrical circuit breaker are configured to power off, wherein the shutting off of the power supply prevents supplying the power from the power supply to the second electrical circuit breaker that is electrically coupled to the second electrical circuit to receive the power from the power supply.
Electrical box hanger assembly
An electrical box hanger assembly for hanging an electrical fixture from a ceiling. All hardware required for mounting the electrical device is included with the assembly. An adjustable mounting bar includes sliding tubular members with end flanges for spanning between adjacent overhead joists. An electrical box is connected to the adjustable mounting bar by a one-piece mounting bracket and a single box mounting fastener. The mounting bracket includes integral tensioner tangs on the mounting bracket prevent backing out of the box mounting fastener after it is secured in place. Bar fasteners are used to securely fasten the mounting bar to the joists. Load bearing device fasteners used to secure the mounting ring of an electrical fixture to the electrical box. Oversize openings are provided in the top wall of the electrical box to ensure that the suspended load is borne by the clamp and mounting bar and not the electrical box.
Optical device structure using GaN substrates and growth structures for laser applications
Optical devices having a structured active region configured for selected wavelengths of light emissions are disclosed.
A laser includes a substrate and a resonant cavity. In addition to an active gain region, a first phase shift region, an optical branching region, and N reflective mode selection regions, the resonant cavity further includes a highly reflective surface, where a reflectivity of the highly reflective surface is greater than reflectivities of the N reflective mode selection regions, so that laser beams are output from the N reflective mode selection regions. Because the laser naturally includes at least two reflective mode selection regions, at least two laser beams are output. According to the laser provided by the embodiments of the present invention, one laser can output two laser beams or even multiple laser beams; therefore, laser beam generation efficiency is high and average costs for generating a single laser beam are accordingly reduced.
Semiconductor laser device assembly
Disclosed is a semiconductor laser device assembly including a semiconductor laser device; and a dispersion compensation optical system, where a laser light exited from the semiconductor laser device is incident and exits to control a group velocity dispersion value of the laser light exited from the semiconductor laser device per wavelength.
Hybrid spectral and coherent beam combiner utilizing 1D fiber arrays
A system includes N master oscillators to generate N master oscillator driving signals. The system includes N splitters to split each of the N master oscillator signals into M coherent signals with M being a positive integer greater than one. A modulator and fiber amplifier stage adjusts the relative phases of the M coherent signals and generates M×N amplified signals. The M×N amplified signals are aggregated into M clusters of N fibers. The system includes M spectral beam combination (SBC) modules to combine each of the M clusters. Each SBC module combines the M×N amplified signals at N wavelengths and generates M tiled output beams. Each SBC module employs a single dimensional (1D) fiber optic array to transmit one cluster of N amplified signals from the M signal clusters and generates one tiled output beam of the M tiled output beams.
Optical system and method
Optical system and method for the provision of at least one high-frequency modulated light pulse having a pump light source for the provision of high-frequency pump light pulses; an optical resonator having a coupling element for coupling the pump light pulses into the resonator and a decoupling element for decoupling the at least one high-frequency modulated light pulse from the resonator and an optically non-linear frequency conversion medium arranged in the resonator for transforming the pump light pulses in each case into two conversion light pulses and one residual pump light pulse. The resonator comprises a feedback arm for at least one of the two conversion light pulses and/or the residual pump light pulse, in which an optically non-linear feedback medium is arranged for the optical modulation of the at least one conversion light pulse and/or the residual pump light pulse.
Sub 200nm laser pumped homonuclear excimer lasers
Disclosed are methods and apparatus for generating a sub-200 nm continuous wave (cw) laser. A laser apparatus includes a chamber for receiving at least a rare gas or rare gas mixtures and a pump laser source for generating at least one cw pump laser focused in the chamber for generating at least one laser-sustained plasma in the chamber. The laser apparatus further includes a system for forming an optical cavity in which the at least one laser-sustained plasma serves as an excitation source for producing at least one cw laser having a wavelength that is below about 200 nm. In one aspect, the at least one laser-sustained plasma has a shape that substantially matches a shape of the optical cavity.
Plug-in module for a motor unit
A plug-in module for a motor unit, in particular for an adjusting motor, the plug-in module having a plug for introducing into a housing of the motor unit. In addition, the plug has: a carrier element having at least one recess for a respective electrical plug element; and the plug element itself for engaging with the corresponding plug connector of the motor unit, the plug element being arranged into the recess. Furthermore, the recess includes: an opening via which a plug element can be introduced in the recess; and a holding section into which a securing zone of the plug element can be pressed.
Cableless battery integration
An interposer for electrically coupling a battery-management circuit board in a power supply and a motherboard is described. The interposer includes: a substrate having a top surface and a bottom surface; first spring connectors, disposed on the top surface, which electrically couple to the battery-management circuit board; and second spring connectors, disposed on the bottom surface and electrically coupled to the first spring connectors, which electrically couple to the motherboard. Spring connectors in a first subset of the first and second spring connectors that convey power signals have a first vertical height, and spring connectors in a second subset of the first and second spring connectors that convey monitoring signals for the power supply have a second, smaller vertical height. In this way, the first subset is activated before the second subset is activated, thereby ensuring that an electrical path for the power signals is established first.
Meter socket adaptor
This disclosure pertains to methods and apparatus for interfacing an onsite power generation system with an existing main electric panel. The interfacing is performed by: attaching an additional jaw connector to a neutral bridge within an existing meter socket; wiring AC supply lines from the onsite power generation system to load side jaws of a multi-blade meter socket adapter; and wiring a neutral line from the onsite power generation system to an additional terminal of the meter socket adapter. The lines from the onsite power generation system are routed through an opening formed in the meter socket adapter. The meter socket adapter is then inserted into the meter socket so that five jaws in the socket receive all five blades of the meter socket adapter. The blades of the meter are then plugged into the jaws on the opposite end of the meter socket adapter.
Electrical receptacle connector
An electrical receptacle connector includes an insulating housing, receptacle terminals, and a shield shell covering the insulating housing. The receptacle terminals, arranged in a row and disposed on the insulating housing, sequentially include a first ground terminal, a first power terminal, two first differential signal terminals, a second power terminal, and a second ground terminal. The electrical receptacle connector is capable of receiving an electrical plug connector to be inserted therein in either upside-up or upside-down directions. The electrical plug connector includes upper-row plug terminals and lower-row plug terminals arranged in 2-fold rotational symmetry. Therefore, the electrical receptacle connector using the single-row receptacle terminals and the electrical plug connector using the corresponding double-row plug terminals compose a new type of USB Type-C connectors.
Push-on coaxial connector
A push-on coaxial cable connector includes a port grip, a joint, and a cable clamp.
Wall mountable connector terminal configuration
A wall mountable connector to provide mechanical and electrical connections for a thermostat. The wall mountable connector may include a field wire receiving cavity, with a first column of wiring terminals and a second column of wiring terminals, with each of the wiring terminals configured to receive a field wire. Each of a first column of pin terminals may be electrically coupled with each of the first column of wiring terminals and each of a second column of pin terminals may be electrically coupled with each of the second column of wiring terminals. In some cases, the first column of pin terminals may be spaced a distance of 3 to 20 millimeters from a first side edge of the housing, and the second column of pin terminals may be spaced a distance of 3 to 20 millimeters from an opposing second side edge of the housing.
Connector terminal, electric connector, and method of fabricating the connector terminal
A connector terminal includes a press-fit terminal and a shaft portion, the connector terminal being fabricated of a single metal sheet, the shaft portion having a lateral cross section having a size entirely covering therewith a lateral cross section of the press-fit terminal when viewed in an axial direction of the connector terminal, the shaft portion having surfaces extending in the axial direction at an entire circumference thereof, the lateral cross section of the shaft portion being identical in shape with a lateral cross section of a terminal space of a die used for fabricating a housing for the press-fit terminal, the press-fit terminal being fit into the terminal space when the housing is molded with resin.
Electrical connector having good anti-EMI performance
An electrical connector includes an elongated insultive shell and a terminal module retained in the insultive shell. The terminal module defines a first module, a second module separated from the first module in a vertical direction and a shielding member located between the first module and the second module. The terminal module defines a first shielding plate and a second shielding plate assembled to the corresponding first and second modules respectively, the shielding member is connected together with the first shielding plate and the second shielding plate.
Apparatus and methods for electrically grounding at least one mat in a load-supporting surface
System for electrically grounding a reusable load-supporting surface includes at least two mats and a plurality of substantially planar, removable, electrically-conductive covers. Each cover extends at least partially across the top face of one of the mats without extending over any of the edges thereof and is flexibly coupled to the mat sufficient to allow the mat to flex, expand and contract relative to the cover due to environmental factors and the movement of personnel, vehicles and/or equipment across the load-supporting surface during normal, typical or expected use conditions.
A capacitive coupling system includes a plurality of conductive pads situated on a dielectric layer. A plurality of switches are connected between pairs of the conductive pads via conductive linkages. The switches are operable to selectively connect selected pairs of the conductive pads to selectively adjust capacitances between conductor pairs of an electrical connector.
Connector for receiving and electrically connecting with a cable
A connector includes: a housing 3 accommodating at least one of a conductive contact 5; an insertion opening 4 to which a flat cable 2 can be inserted, the insertion opening 4 being provided in front part of the housing 3 and being defined by upper and lower walls 33 and 32 of the housing 3 at the top and bottom; and a lever 6 which is provided in the back part of the housing 3 and is turned to bring the contacts 5 into pressure contact with the flat cable 2 and establish electrical continuity therebetween. The contact 5 includes a first contact 5A which is engaged with the housing 3 at such a position that press-fit forces produced in the direction orthogonal to the press-fit direction when the contact 5A is press-fitted into the housing 3 are not in the same straight line.
Connector with a retainer assembly
Example implementations relate to a connector with a retainer assembly. For example, an apparatus may include a connector having a housing and a retainer assembly to retain a power plug within the housing. The retainer assembly may retain a first type of power plug within the housing with a first retaining feature using a locking fit and retain a second type of power plug within the housing with a second retaining feature using a friction it.
A magnetic connector has a connector body including a magnet, a plurality of connection terminals that are arranged and fixed on the connector body so as to correspond to a plurality of contact patterns of a connection object, and a plurality of attracted members that are formed of magnetic substance, are arranged and fixed on a support member having a sheet-like shape and flexibility so as to correspond to the plurality of contact patterns of the connection object and are, via the connection object on which the plurality of contact patterns are arranged to face the plurality of connection terminals, attracted toward the connector body due to magnetic force whereby the plurality of contact patterns are pressed against the plurality of connection terminals and thereby connected to the plurality of connection terminals.
Magnetic connector for a computing device
A magnetic connector for a computing device is disclosed. The magnetic connector can include a housing. The housing includes an asymmetric shape, a connector interface including at least one contact element to carry at least one of data or power, and a magnetic component provided on the connector interface. The housing and the magnetic component are oriented to key the connector interface into proper alignment when mated with an opposing connector that includes at least two magnetic components of opposite polarity.
Wire holder support
A wire holder (4) for a modular communications connector includes insertion cavities (21, 22, 25) positioned for receiving a set of twisted conductor pairs so that each conductor pair can be inserted in an insertion cavity and/or two conductor pairs can be inserted in a same insertion cavity, depending on the communications cable type, its constructive features, the type of application, such that it provides a better performance, such as for data communications cables for high data rates. The wire holder (4) distributes the set of insertion cavities (21, 22, 25) in more than two planes, such that a first plane comprises two insertion cavities (21) that each accept one pair of conductors, a second plane comprises an insertion cavity (25) that accepts one pair of conductors and a third plane includes an insertion cavity (22) that accepts more than one pair of conductors.
Electronic device and method for manufacturing the same
Provided is an electronic device that is highly resistant to a water-soluble grinding oil and a method for manufacturing the same. An electronic device includes a main body and a cable including a lead wire, an insulating portion, and an outer coat, a first sealing portion that covers the insulating portion, and a second sealing portion that seals the first sealing portion, the insulating portion is made of a material that is more resistant to a water-soluble grinding oil than the outer coat is, and the first sealing portion is made of a material that has higher adherence to the insulating portion than that of the second sealing portion does.
A circuit board with circuit components mounted thereon is integrally molded with a sealing resin having a sealed end face part that is a thermosetting resin. A cylindrical intermediate adapter is bonded and fixed to the sealed end face part with an opening into which a receptacle body of a connector housing is inserted. A resilient contact connected to a lead wire is caused to be in electrical contact with a copper foil trace terminal of the circuit board. The connector housing and the intermediate adapter are made of a thermoplastic resin resistant to crack failure, which improves handling capability for inserting and withdrawing a connector.
Electrical cable assembly
An interposer is configured to receive signal conductors of a cable, and align the received signal conductors with contact pads of an electrical connector. The interposer can be dielectric, or electrically insulative, so as to reduce electrical signal reflections and help to prevent electrical shorting between the signal conductors.
Power outlet having safety cover
A power outlet having safety cover, the power outlet comprises a shell body, a base fixed in the shell body, a sliding element disposed between the shell body and the base; the shell body has at least one first outlet hole and at least one second outlet hole; the base has a first post, a third outlet hole and a fourth outlet hole; one side of the sliding element has a first inclined block, the middle of the sliding element has a through hole, another side of the sliding element has a second inclined block and a second post; an elastic element is disposed between the first post and the second post; wherein the through hole can contain the first post, the second post and the elastic element; a distance between the first inclined block and an inner wall of the base is smaller than the length of the elastic element.
Large current transmission connector
The application discloses a large current transmission connector including the pallet assembly and the socket assembly. The pallet assembly includes the pallet and the guide pillar. The socket assembly includes a socket. The socket includes mounting holes and pins. The locking structure is arranged in the mounting hole. The locking structure is used for fixing the guide pillar on the socket and for conveying a current between the pallet assembly and the socket assembly. When the guide pillar and the locking structure are fixed together, the two guide pillars not only play the role of guiding, but also can carry the large current of 50 A. Thus, this connector does not need to set aside a lot of space for mounting the power supply pins. The space of the connector is saved effectively. The miniaturization trend of the connector is met.