Pump-enhanced, immersion-cooling of electronic component(s)
Cooling apparatuses and methods of fabricating thereof are provided which facilitate pumped immersion-cooling of an electronic component(s). The cooling apparatus includes an enclosure having a compartment accommodating the electronic component(s), and dielectric fluid within the compartment at least partially immersing the electronic component(s). A liquid-cooled heat sink is associated with the enclosure to cool at least one cooling surface associated with the compartment, and facilitate heat transfer to the heat sink from the electronic component(s) via the dielectric fluid. A pump is disposed external to the compartment and in fluid communication therewith to facilitate pumped dielectric fluid flow through the compartment. The pumped dielectric fluid flow through the compartment enhances heat transfer from the electronic component(s) to the liquid-cooled heat sink via the cooling surface(s). In one implementation, the pumped dielectric fluid flow provides two-phase cooling to the electronic component(s) via flow boiling.
Liquid-cooling apparatus with integrated coolant filter
Cooling apparatuses, cooled electronic modules, and methods of fabrication are provided which facilitate heat transfer from an electronic component(s). The cooling apparatus includes a liquid-cooled heat sink with a thermally conductive structure having a coolant-carrying compartment including a region of reduced cross-sectional coolant flow area. The heat sink includes a coolant inlet and outlet in fluid communication with the compartment, and the region of reduced cross-sectional coolant flow area provides an increased effective heat transfer coefficient between a main heat transfer surface of the conductive structure and the coolant. The cooling apparatus further includes a coolant loop coupled to the coolant inlet and outlet to facilitate flow of coolant through the coolant-carrying compartment, and a coolant filter positioned to filter contaminants from the coolant passing through the heat sink. The coolant filter has a larger cross-sectional coolant flow area than the region of reduced cross-sectional coolant flow area.
There is disclosed a digital signage including a display panel, a housing having the display panel arranged in a front surface, the housing comprising an inlet formed in a lower portion of a lateral surface and an outlet formed in an upper portion of a back surface or a top surface, a fan configured to suck air into the housing via the inlet and to blow the air exhausting via the outlet after penetrating a back surface of the display, a pre-filter mounted adjacent to the inlet, the pre-filter comprising a plurality of mesh holes, and a membrane filter configured to penetrate the air having penetrated the pre-filter there through and to filter moisture and foreign substances, such that may have a slim design and exhaust the heat generated from a display panel and a driving circuit board effectively.
Power management systems
Provided are a power management system and method. At least one frame module includes at least one bay and a plurality of first connectors at a rear portion of the at least one bay and at least one power conversion unit positioned in the at least one bay. The at least one power conversion unit includes a plurality of second connectors. Each second connector is removably coupled to a first connector of the plurality of first connectors. The first and second connectors include a combination of high power, cooling, and control connectors.
Mounting apparatus for battery module
A battery mounting apparatus requiring a minimum of screw fixings includes an enclosure, two positioning members, and a supporting mechanism. The enclosure includes a rear wall defining two ventilation openings. A separated board is formed between the two ventilation openings. Each of the two positioning members includes a first latching portion and a first clipping thumb extending from the first latching portion. The first latching portion of each positioning member is engaged with a first edge of the two ventilation openings, in two opposite directions. The supporting mechanism securing a battery module is secured to the two positioning members, preventing the two positioning members from moving parallel to the rear wall, and the battery module is secured to the enclosure via the two latching members and by the supporting mechanism other than with screws.
Handheld device enclosure
This is directed to an electronic device enclosure. The enclosure includes an outer periphery member forming an outer surface of a device, and to which an internal platform is connected. Electronic device components can be assembled to one or both surfaces of the internal platform. The enclosure can include front and back cover assemblies assembled to the opposite surfaces of the outer periphery member to retain electronic device components. One or both of the cover assemblies can include a window through which display circuitry can provide content to a user of the device.
Electronic unit of a fluid sensor or valve and fluid sensor or fluid valve unit
An electronic unit of a fluid sensor or fluid valve has a substantially cylindrical housing with a longitudinal axis and an open end face, which can be closed by a lid, several spacers formed as separate parts, which can be introduced into the housing in direction of the longitudinal axis and are directly stacked on top of each other. At least one spacer at least one electronic component is attached, which together with the spacer forms a premounted unit to be introduced into the housing.
Printed circuit board, and method for manufacturing printed circuit board
A printed wiring board includes a core substrate having opening, an electronic component device accommodated in the opening of the substrate and including inductor and passive components, a wiring structure connecting the inductor and passive components in the electronic device, a filler resin body filling space formed between the substrate and electronic device in the opening of the substrate, a first buildup layer including a first interlayer insulation layer on first surface of the substrate, a first conductive layer on the first insulation layer, and a first via conductor in the first insulation layer, and a second buildup layer including a second interlayer insulation layer on second surface of the substrate on the opposite side of the first surface of the substrate, a second conductive layer on the second insulation layer, and a second via conductor in the second insulation layer.
Packaging substrate having embedded through-via interposer
A packaging substrate having an embedded through-via interposer is provided, including an encapsulant layer, a through-via interposer embedded in the encapsulant layer and having a plurality of conductive through-vias therein, a redistribution layer embedded in the encapsulant layer and formed on the through-via interposer so as to electrically connect with first end surfaces of the conductive through-vias, and a built-up structure formed on the encapsulant layer and the through-via interposer for electrically connecting second end surfaces of the conductive through-vias. As such, the first end surfaces of the conductive through-vias of the through-via interposer are electrically connected to the redistribution layer to thereby be electrically connected to electrode pads of a semiconductor chip having smaller pitches, while the second end surfaces of the conductive through-vias electrically connect with conductive vias of the built-up structure having larger pitches, thereby allowing the packaging substrate to be coupled with the semiconductor chip having high-density circuits.
Lead-free solder alloy for printed circuit board assemblies for high-temperature environments
A solder alloy suitable for high temperature environments, such as for example electronic systems used in an oil or gas well where the temperature may be in the region of 175° C., the solder alloy having a Silver weight % in the range of 3.5 to 7.0, a Copper weight % in the range of 1.0 to 4.0, and an Antimony weight % in the range of 1.0 to 3.0. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Low-profile plug with cam and flexible circuit board
A cable assembly including a connector insert to fit in a connector receptacle in an electronic device, where a back surface of the connector insert is substantially flush with an outside of an enclosure for the electronic device. One example may provide a cable assembly that includes a connector insert formed by wrapping a flexible circuit board at least partially around a housing. The flexible circuit board may be routed against an underside of the electronic device such that it does not obstruct a user, consume space in a display area, or have an undesirable appearance.
Above motherboard interposer with quarter wavelength electrical paths
A multi-layer interposer substrate includes multiple layers of single interposer substrates. Each single interposer substrate has a first array of interposer interconnects, each interposer interconnect in the first array of interposer interconnects corresponding to interconnects in an array of processor interconnects, a second array of interposer interconnects, each interposer interconnect in the second array of the interposer interconnects corresponding to an array of circuit interconnects on a circuit substrate, and at least one conductive trace in the interposer substrate in connection with at least one interconnect in the first array of interposer interconnects. The conductive trace has a parallel portion parallel to the interposer substrate such that no electrical connection exists between the interconnect and a corresponding one of the interposer interconnects in the second array of interposer interconnects. An array of connections for a peripheral circuit on each single interposer is connected to the at least one conductive trace.
Packaging substrate, method for manufacturing same, and chip packaging body having same
A packaging substrate includes a supporting sheet, a copper foil, a number of connecting pads, a number of solder balls, a resin layer, a wiring layer and a solder mask layer. The copper foil is attached on a surface of the supporting sheet through an adhesive sheet. The connecting pads are formed on the copper foil. The solder balls are formed on the connecting pads. The resin layer infills the gaps between the solder balls. The wiring layer is formed on the resin layer and the solder balls. Terminal portions of the solder balls facing away from the connecting pads are electrically connected to the wiring layer. The solder mask layer is formed on the wiring layer. The solder mask layer defines a number of openings exposing portions of the wiring layer. The portions of the wiring layer exposed through the openings serve as contact pads.
A package substrate includes an insulating layer; and circuit patterns formed on the insulating layer and divided into pad areas and pattern areas that have different heights. In one aspect, there can be a non-conductive paste (NCP) interposed between the circuit patterns and pads of a die connected to the circuit patterns to fix the die onto the insulating layer.
Method of manufacturing a multi-layer printed circuit board
A method of manufacturing a multi-layer printed circuit board by bonding together a plurality of circuit board layers, each of which includes a substrate and a conductive circuit pattern on at least one surface of the substrate, includes the steps of: coating the surface of the substrate with a continuous layer of conductive material, masking the layer with a resist, etching away a part of the conductive material so as to obtain the circuit pattern with conductive parts separated by gaps, and filling the gaps with an electrically insulating adhesive material to a level that is at least equal to the thickness of the layer of conductive material. The resist is left on the conductive parts and the adhesive material is selected to be chemically compatible with the resist.
Flexible display device and fabrication method thereof
Disclosed is a flexible display device capable of forming a display device on a glass substrate and simultaneously ensuring flexibility, and a fabrication method thereof, the method including preparing a glass substrate having a display region and a non-display region defined on a front surface thereof, forming a display device on the display region defined on the front surface of the glass substrate, preparing a metal foil substrate, bonding the metal foil substrate to the glass substrate such that a front surface of the metal foil substrate faces the front surface of the glass substrate so as to seal the display device, attaching a first passivation film on a region of a rear surface of the glass substrate, the region corresponding to a part or all of the non-display region defined on the front surface of the glass substrate, and attaching a second passivation film on an entire rear surface of the metal foil substrate, performing a first etching with respect to the display region of the rear surface of the glass substrate by using the first passivation film as a mask, removing the first passivation film, and performing a second etching with respect to the display region and the non-display region of the rear surface of the glass substrate, removing the second passivation film, and mounting a display device driving unit on the non-display region defined on the front surface of the glass substrate.
Flexible substrate, support platform, flexible display and manufacturing method thereof
The invention relates to manufacturing of displays. A flexible substrate is disclosed, which has a plurality of spacers arranged at intervals on one side thereof. The invention also discloses a support platform with spacers arranged at intervals, a flexible display formed from the flexible substrate with the spacers arranged at intervals and a method for manufacturing the flexible display.
Plasma cutting tip with advanced cooling passageways
A plasma arc torch is provided that includes a tip having an improved life. The tip defines a first set of fluid passageways, a second set of fluid passageways and an internal cavity in fluid communication with the first and second fluid passageways. The internal cavity includes a base portion disposed proximate and surrounding a central orifice of the tip. A first set of fluid passageways allow for entry of a cooling fluid into the tip and a second set of fluid passageways allow for exit of the cooling fluid from the tip.
Extreme ultraviolet light source
An initial pulse of radiation is generated; a section of the initial pulse of radiation is extracted to form a modified pulse of radiation, the modified pulse of radiation including a first portion and a second portion, the first portion being temporally connected to the second portion, and the first portion having a maximum energy that is less than a maximum energy of the second portion; the first portion of the modified pulse of radiation is interacted with a target material to form a modified target; and the second portion of the modified pulse of radiation is interacted with the modified target to generate plasma that emits extreme ultraviolet (EUV) light.
Barrier discharge charge neutralization
Methods and apparatus for static charge neutralization in variable pressure environments are disclosed. In particular, barrier discharge ionization apparatus may include a hollow dielectric channel disposed within a variable pressure environment and may have at least one open end, a reference emitter disposed on the outer surface of the channel, and a high voltage electrode disposed within the channel. The high voltage electrode may present a high intensity electric field to the reference emitter through the dielectric channel in response to the provision of a variable-waveform signal dictated by conditions in the variable pressure environment. This results in the generation of a plasma region with electrically balanced charge carriers within the variable pressure environment due to barrier discharge occurring at the interface of the reference emitter and the outer surface of the dielectric channel. The disclosed apparatus are compatible with either radio frequency or micro-pulse voltage power supplies.
Protection circuit in TRIAC applications
Aspects of the disclosure provide a circuit. The circuit includes a transistor configured to control energy entering the circuit from a power supply, a capacitor coupled with the transistor to store the energy that enters the circuit, and a protection circuit configured to counteract a voltage change of the transistor that is caused by a step voltage change in the power supply. In an embodiment, the protection circuit operates independent of the stored energy on the capacitor.
Device and method for illumination control of a plurality of light sources
The invention is based on the idea that a lighting system can utilize its sensing and control functionalities to offer dynamic load management (e.g. demand response) services in an electrical grid. The present invention optimizes dimming levels of lighting sources of a lighting system by determining a solution for an optimization problem directed to determining new dimming levels such that power consumption of the lighting devices is reduced. During the determining the solution for the optimization problem, the present invention may take into account specific guarantees on illumination rendering, acceptable to different users, and differing illumination requirements in different spaces or rooms. By the lighting control of the present invention, predictable and effective load reductions may be achieved.
Lighting control module
A lighting control module provides an enclosure for a circuit board, with the circuit board being mounted to and grounded to the enclosure. A primary power system is provided to receive and transmit voltage to lighting circuits, utilizing a terminal bus bar, a main switch, a voltage selection switch, and a transformer. An auxiliary power system draws energy from portable power sources in the event of a main power source failure. The auxiliary power system includes an associated terminal bus bar and an auxiliary switch. The primary and auxiliary power systems are connected to the lighting circuits through a circuit protection unit, e.g. fuse. The lighting circuits have both positive and negative terminals, LED indicators, switches, and individual fuses. The lighting circuits can be turned on and off individually by virtue of the switches for each lighting circuit. Status indicators and ground terminals are also provided.
The invention provides an illumination apparatus and a method of generating light by the illumination apparatus. The illumination apparatus comprises a light generation unit, configured to generate light having a color temperature in the range of [a first color temperature, a second color temperature]; and a controller, configured to control the light generation unit to generate light having a color temperature changing from a third color temperature to a fourth color temperature over time, wherein the third and the fourth color temperatures are in the range of [the first color temperature, the second color temperature]. The illumination apparatus of the invention could generate light having a changing color temperature over time, for example a color temperature changing from a less preferred color temperature to a preferred color temperature. When the user reads under light having a color temperature changing from a less preferred color temperature to a preferred color temperature, the accommodation error of the eyes of the user can be reduced.
A lighting portion is attached to a reflective liquid crystal display portion. A first transparent substrate and a second transparent substrate made of a glass substrate etc. are attached to each other with a sealing layer coated on those peripheral portions therebetween. The back surface of the first transparent substrate is attached to the reflective liquid crystal display portion, and an organic EL element is formed on the front surface of the first transparent substrate. The organic EL element is sealed in a space surrounded by the first transparent substrate, the second transparent substrate, and the sealing layer. The organic EL element is formed in a region corresponding to a pixel region of the reflective liquid crystal display portion. A desiccant layer is formed on the front surface of the second transparent substrate.
LED lighting system and method of controlling the same
A light emitting diode (LED) lighting system may include a plurality of LED modules and a server. The plurality of LED modules can include LED lighting devices and provide a human detection signal and distance information regarding a distance from a human, in the case of human detection, respectively. The server may control the LED lighting devices upon receiving the human detection signal and the distance information from the plurality of LED modules. The server may compare the distance information with a pre-set reference distance and controls brightness of the LED lighting devices according to the comparison results.
A lighting device has one or more light sources; a primary input power connection; and electronic circuitry for controlling delivery of power from the primary input power connection to the one or more light sources. The electronic circuitry determines an indication of an external electrical loading on a primary power supply network coupled, in use, with the primary input power connection the circuitry varies the power drawn from the primary input power connection in dependence upon the determined indication of the external electrical loading on the primary power supply network. In this way, during times of high demand on the primary supply network, the lighting device can reduce the amount of power drawn from the primary supply.
Multiplexed ultra-low-power LED luminaire
The present invention relates to a luminaire based on the same optical principle as the cinema, in which only one image is presented at any given instant of time but the image appears to be in constant movement. According to the invention, each LED lights up simultaneously for an instant of time in a sequential manner, as with television screens. The LED luminaire of the invention includes a configuration of electronic elements in a circuit which controls the lighting of the LED array and which also includes a PIC microcontroller, a CMOS multiplexer and an operational amplifier that can be used to improve the power consumption of the luminaire, lighting control and the lighting quality of the LED luminaire.
LED light source
A LED light source comprises—a full bridge rectifier equipped with a first input terminal and a second input terminal for coupling to output terminals of the phase cut dimmer, —a series arrangement comprising N LED loads, a first and second end of said series arrangement being coupled to a first output terminal and a second output terminal of the full bridge rectifier respectively, —control means for during a period of the rectified AC supply voltage subsequently making the LED loads comprised in the first series arrangement carry a current, one by one and in dependency of the momentary amplitude of the rectified AC supply voltage when the momentary amplitude increases and for subsequently making the LED loads stop carrying a current, one by one, and in dependency of the momentary amplitude of the rectified AC supply voltage when the momentary amplitude decreases, said control means controlling the current through the LED loads at zero when the output voltage of the phase cut dimmer equals zero and controlling the current through the LED loads at a value that is independent from the phase angle of the phase cut dimmer when the output voltage of the phase cut dimmer differs from zero Volt. In order to make the LED light source compatible with a phase cut dimmer, the LED light source is further equipped with—a switchable bleeder current source coupled between the first and second output terminal of the full bridge rectifier, —a latch coupled between the first and second output terminals of the full rectifier bridge and comprising a series arrangement of a resistor and a capacitor to prevent the current through the dimmer from crossing zero after a leading edge generated by the phase cut dimmer, in case the phase cut dimmer is a leading edge phase cut dimmer, —a unidirectional element arranged in series with the capacitor for preventing discharging of the capacitor via the LED loads or the adjustable bleeder current source, and—a clamp circuit coupled to the capacitor and comprising a current source for discharging the capacitor and providing a low ohmic path for the dimmer current when the dimmer is off.
Lighting device and control device for controlling a plurality of light-emitting diodes in an open-loop and/or closed-loop manner
The invention relates to a lighting device having at least one light-emitting diode module (1), which comprises at least two light-emitting diodes (11), which during operation emit light having colors that differ from each other, at least one driver (2), which is designed to supply the light-emitting diodes (11) of exactly one of the at least one light-emitting diode modules (1) with operating current, exactly one control device (3), which during operation controls the at least one light-emitting diode module (1) in an open-loop and/or closed-loop manner, wherein each light-emitting diode module (1) is biuniquely associated with a driver (2), and the control device (3) controls each light-emitting diode module (1) in an open-loop and/or closed-loop manner by means of the driver associated with the light-emitting diode module (1).
Lighting control circuit, illuminating lamp using the lighting control circuit, and lighting device using the illuminating lamp
A lighting control circuit for an illuminating lamp includes: a rectifier part that is connected to a ballast to which commercial alternating-current electric power is supplied, and converts the alternating current to direct current; a smoothing capacitor that is provided on an output side of the rectifier part, and removes an alternating-current component included in direct current outputted from the output side; a drive circuit that has a switching element, and performs on-off control on electric current flowing to a plurality of solid-state light-emitting elements connected in series to both ends of the smoothing capacitor; and an inductor that is provided in an electric power supply system between the ballast and the smoothing capacitor.
Power supply control system and device
A power supply control system for a switch-mode power supply comprises a cycle-by-cycle, asynchronous control scheme. The system makes use of including a signal summing and comparing stage and a control signal feedback system configured to control shaping of first and second portions of a comparison signal provided to comparator circuitry that generates a switching-circuitry drive signal.
A light-emitting device includes a substrate including electrodes, a first group including a plurality of blue light-emitting diode elements that are disposed on the substrate and electrically connected to the electrodes, a second group including a plurality of blue light-emitting diode elements that are disposed on the substrate and electrically connected to the electrodes, a fluorescent layer disposed to receive light from the first group of blue light-emitting diode elements, and a phosphorescent layer disposed to receive light from the second group of blue light-emitting diode elements.
High-frequency heating apparatus
A resonance type high frequency heating apparatus comprising; a direct current power supply; a series connection circuit consisting of a pair of semiconductor switching elements connected in parallel to the direct current power supply; another series connection circuit having a primary coil of a leakage transformer and a capacitor connected to both ends of one of the pair of semiconductor switching elements; and a drive means for driving each of the pair of semiconductor switching elements; wherein a variable dead time preparation circuit is provided in the drive means, and the variable dead time preparation circuit enables dead time to remain constant at below a predetermined frequency and causes the dead time to increase sharply at a point above a predetermined frequency.
Melting and mixing of materials in a crucible by electric induction heel process
Apparatus and method are provided for electric induction heating and melting of a transition material that is non-electrically conductive in the solid state and electrically conductive in the non-solid state in an electric induction heating and melting process wherein solid or semi-solid charge is periodically added to a heel of molten transition material initially placed in a refractory crucible. Induction power is sequentially supplied to a plurality of coils surrounding the exterior height of the crucible at high power level and high frequency with in-phase voltage until a crucible batch of transition material is in the crucible when the induction power is reduced in power level and frequency with voltage phase shifting to the induction coils along the height of the crucible to induce a unidirectional electromagnetic stir of the crucible batch of material.
Gateway node device, sensor node device, and method for controlling active time period
A processor of a gateway node device determines whether to divide a first tree included in a tree structure formed by sensor node devices intermittently operating and the gateway node device as a root of the tree structure. The first tree includes a first node device as a root. The processor divides, upon determining to divide the first tree, the first tree into a second tree and a third tree at a second node device different from the first node device. The second node device is a root of the second tree. The second node device is a child node of the third tree. The processor assigns active time periods within an intermittent operation cycle to the respective second and third trees. The assigned active time periods are mutually disjoint. The processor notifies sensor node devices included in the first tree of the assigned active time periods.
Method for switching communication connection mode, communication system, base station, transmitter and receiver
A method for switching communication connection modes, a communication system, a base station, a transmitter and a receiver are provided. The method includes the following steps. Firstly, when a base station or a core network entity determines that a communication mode between a transmitter and a receiver should be switched from a cellular communication mode to a device-to-device communication mode, the base station sends a control message to the transmitter. Next, the transmitter stops transmitting at least one first packet to the base station in response to the control message. Afterwards, the receiver receives at least one transmission-unfinished packet and a transmission-unfinished packet status related to the at least one transmission-unfinished packet forwarded by the base station.
Method and system for a handheld wireless communication device for configuring connection to and use of local and remote resources
Methods and systems for a handheld portable communication device for configuring connection to and use of local and remote resources are disclosed and may include discovering available networks and resources, establishing a route between the handheld wireless communication device and a selected one or more of the available resources via a selected one or more of the available networks based on user preference criteria stored in the handheld wireless communication device, and communicating multimedia data between the handheld wireless communication device and the selected one or more of the available resources via the established route. The established route may be dynamically adjusted, based on network availability and bandwidth. The handheld wireless communication device may communicate utilizing a plurality of wireless protocols. The preference criteria stored in the handheld wireless communication device may be dynamically adjusted. The resources may be local or remote to the handheld wireless communication device.
System and method for adapting an application source rate to a load condition
A system and method for adapting an application source rate to a load condition are provided. A method for forming a connection includes receiving a service authorization request for service between the first device and the second device, requesting a formation of a first bearer at a first data rate between the first device and the second device, and determining if the first bearer was formed. The method also includes transmitting a first positive response if the first bearer was formed, forming a second bearer at a second data rate if the first bearer was not formed, and completing the connection. The service authorization request includes a request to establish a connection at the first data rate, and the second data rate is different from the first data rate.
Multi-user uplink communication using EDCA with polling
Simultaneous, multi-user uplink communication is scheduled in a wireless network by transmitting a poll message to a plurality of access terminals in response to receiving a first request to transmit data via uplink. The poll message includes a solicitation for requests to transmit data from each of the plurality of access terminals. The poll message also includes a medium reservation and schedule for transmission of the requests from the access terminals. Based on the requests received from the access terminals, a number of the access terminals are selected for simultaneous transmission of data via uplink. A transmit start message is sent to each of the selected access terminals indicating when and for how long the selected access terminals may transmit data via uplink. After the data is received, a block ACK message is sent to each of the selected access terminals indicating successful simultaneous communication.
Signaling of random access preamble parameters in wireless networks
User equipment (UE)-initiated accesses within a cellular network are optimized to account for cell size and to reduce signaling overhead. A fixed set of preamble parameter configurations for use across a complete range of cell sizes within the cellular network is established and stored within each UE. A UE located in a given cell receives a configuration number transmitted from a nodeB serving the cell, the configuration number being indicative of a size of the cell. The UE selects a preamble parameter configuration from the fixed set of preamble parameter configurations in response to the received configuration number and then transmits a preamble from the UE to the nodeB using the preamble parameter configuration indicated by the configuration number.
Preventing misuse of random access procedure in wireless communication system
A mobile station, base station and methods therein for preventing misuse of a random access procedure in a wireless communication network are disclosed. A mobile station transmits a random access preamble, receives a random access response message addressed to an identifier that has a one-to-one association with the random access preamble transmitted by the mobile station, and decodes the random access response message.
Information feedback method and apparatus
A CB resource feedback method is disclosed. The method includes: receiving, by a network device, uplink information that is sent by a sending device on a CB resource; when the uplink information is decoded, feeding back, by the network device correct reception of the uplink information to the sending device through a first physical downlink control channel, where the first physical downlink control channel is masked with an identifier of the sending device. Through the technical solutions provided in embodiments of the present invention, the sending device may be enabled to accurately know that the uplink information sent by the sending device is received correctly or is received incorrectly, and the sending device may be enabled to know a receiving status more quickly.
Method and apparatus for updating tracking area in wireless communication system
A method and apparatus for updating a tracking area for a device-to-device (D2D) connection in a wireless communication system is provided. A second mobile device receives a tracking area update (TAU) request message from a first mobile device which has a D2D connection with the second mobile device, and transmits a TAU message to a network.
Partition scheduling based on beamtracking
A method, an apparatus, and a computer program product for wireless communication are provided. The apparatus determines a first set of channels for communicating with another apparatus. Each channel in the first set is determined by performing beam training with the other apparatus. The apparatus further determines a second set of channels from the first set, wherein the channels of the second set have a channel condition greater than a threshold. The apparatus communicates data via the second set, wherein a channel of the second set on which the data is communicated is based on the channel condition of at least one channel of the second set.
Adjusting wireless coverage area resource assignment based on device altitude
In order to provide better wireless service to wireless communication devices (WCDs) at different altitudes (e.g., on different levels of a high-rise structure), a radio access network (RAN) may include antennas that are configured to provide coverage at these different altitudes. The RAN may assign resources, such as transmit power or frequencies, to wireless coverage areas serving particular altitude ranges in a proportion that is commensurate with the number of WCDs being served by these particular altitude ranges. As a result, RAN and WCD performance may improve.
Method for transmitting an uplink signal in a wireless communication system, and apparatus for same
A method of transmitting a sounding reference signal (SRS) by a user equipment in a wireless communication system, a non-transitory computer readable medium on which a program for executing the method is recorded, and a user equipment for performing the method are discussed. The method according to one embodiment includes receiving a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) including a carrier indicator field (CIF) and an SRS field via a first component carrier (CC) among a plurality of CCs including the first CC and one or more second CCs, the CIF indicating a specific CC and the SRS field indicating whether the user equipment has to transmit the SRS; transmitting the SRS on an uplink subframe; and receiving a first medium access control (MAC) information. If a bit for the specific CC in a bitmap has been disabled, the specific CC and SRS transmission on the specific CC are deactivated.
Apparatus and method for performing scanning of assigned secondary carrier in wireless access system
A scan reporting method for an inactive secondary carrier in a wireless access system includes receiving, from a base station, a multicarrier advertisement (MC-ADV) message including reference carrier information, the reference carrier information indicating a carrier index of a reference carrier representing a carrier group, performing scanning of an assigned secondary carrier including at least one of an active secondary carrier and an inactive secondary carrier, and reporting, to the base station, the scan result of the inactive secondary carrier, wherein the scan result of a carrier corresponding to the lowest carrier index, of assigned secondary carriers linked to the reference carrier is reported to the base station.
Method and device for determining PDSCH transmission resources
The present invention relates to the field of communications, and disclosed are a method and device for determining a PDSCH transmission resource. The method is: in the embodiments of the present invention, a network side determines a mapping relationship between a PDSCH transmission point and a zero-power CSI-RS for UE, and the UE does not receive a PDSCH over a zero-power CSI-RS resource which corresponds to a cell currently transmitting the PDSCH and measures an interference and still receives the PDSCH over a zero-power CSI-RS resource which corresponds to a cell not currently transmitting the PDSCH and measures an interference, thereby ensuring that the UE can accurately measure the interference and further improving the accuracy of CQI estimation; furthermore, the signalling overhead required for realizing the technical solution of the present invention is very small, only some RRC signalings are required, and a dynamic signaling can reuse a current signaling to the greatest extent, in this way, the compatibility of the system is effectively improved and the complexity of implementation is reduced.
Method and apparatus for receiving downlink data in wireless communication system
Provided is a method for receiving downlink data in a wireless communication system. User equipment (UE) receives downlink control information in a first subframe from a primary cell. The user equipment receives downlink data from a secondary cell in a second subframe over a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH). The user equipment determines a transmission block size in accordance with the type of the carrier of the second subframe. The user equipment decodes the PDSCH on the basis of the downlink control information and the transmission block size.
Control channel for wireless communication
A scheme for transmission of control channel information in a compact form intended to support SPS (Semi-Persistent Scheduling) in a wireless communication system. As applied to LTE, the scheme is to indicate a pre-configured UE-specific resource allocation in a Downlink Control Information (DCI) format containing information for multiple UEs in the same PDCCH. In order to avoid increasing the number of blind decodes, the DCI format size may be the same as an existing DCI format. Preferably the size of the new format is the same as that of DCI formats 0/1A/3/3A. The number of required bits per UE is minimized by signalling only one of a limited set of DCI messages per UE. The scheme provides a means for re-configuring SPS resources for multiple UEs using a single PDCCH transmission, while enabling better support for variable packet sizes and variable intervals between packets than currently defined SPS.
Method and device for transmitting reference signal in wireless communication system
A method for transmitting a reference signal by a base station (BS) in a wireless communication system; and the BS are discussed. The method according to one embodiment includes generating a reference signal sequence; applying an orthogonal sequence to the reference signal sequence; and mapping the reference signal sequence to which the orthogonal sequence is applied to a resource for each antenna port. One antenna port is included any one of first and second antenna port sets, and a configuration of antenna ports contained in each antenna port set is changed according to a number of available resource elements (REs) of a physical resource block (PRB) pair. If the number of available REs is lower than a predetermined threshold value, each of the first and second antenna port sets includes antenna ports corresponding to orthogonal sequences capable of performing despreading using a spreading factor.
System and method for resource block-specific control signaling
A system and method is disclosed for resource block-specific control signaling in a communication system. Communication data is transmitted using a transmission channel comprising a plurality of resource blocks defined by allocating time-frequency slots in a transmission resource. Resource block control information is transmitted in a “feed-forward” manner to a user end (UE) or group of UEs using channels physically mapped into scheduled resource blocks (RBs) for that user or group of users. Embodiments of the invention provide an RB-specific control channel that comprises RB control elements that are embedded within scheduled resource blocks. The invention, therefore, reduces the amount of control information that must be transmitted by common or shared control channels.
Radio base station and mobile station
A mobile station UE according to the present invention includes a controller unit 22. When “1” is set in “R” in the “Activation/Deactivation MAC Control Element”, the controller unit 22 activates only an uplink in a Scell corresponding to “Ci” set to “1”, and deactivates only the uplink in a Scell corresponding to “Ci” set to “0”.
Method and apparatus for transmitting data in wireless communication system
The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for transmitting data in a wireless communication system for supporting multi-cells formed of a plurality of sub-cells. The method includes the steps of: connecting at least one virtual transmission port to each of the plurality of sub-cells; determining the transmission mode for a terminal on the basis of channel states between at least two of the plurality of sub-cells and the terminal; and transmitting data for each sub-cell to the terminal through at least one virtual transmission port connected to a corresponding sub-cell on the basis of the determined transmission mode.
This disclosure relates to systems and methods for paging devices in a communication network. A network device providing mobility management through control messaging can be assigned a number of cell sites in multiple tracking areas. The network device such as a mobility management entity (MME) can use a subscriber-aware implementation to provide a hierarchy for contacting a mobile device with a page. The subscriber-aware implementation can be tailored to analyze subscriber activity such as frequency and timing, to page a subset of the total number of cell sites in multiple tracking areas based on the subscriber activity, and to expand the subset after unsuccessful attempts to page the mobile device.
Communication link termination indication signal method and apparatus
Upon detecting at a two-way communication device that a communication link has been terminated, the two-way communication device can provide a unique corresponding signal (such as a unique audible signal) to indicate such termination. Pursuant to one approach, a plurality of such unique signals are available and a specific one of the available signals is selected for use in a given circumstance using a selection criteria of choice.
Apparatus and method for wireless baseband processing
Apparatuses and methods for receiving and transmitting signals are provided. A baseband processor includes receiver circuitry including single carrier receiver circuitry for demodulating a received single carrier signal and multi-carrier receiver circuitry for demodulating a received multi-carrier signal. The single carrier receiver circuitry includes a first digital interpolator, and the multi-carrier receiver circuitry includes a second digital interpolator. Symbol timing recovery is executed by adjusting an interpolation phase of the first digital interpolator or the second digital interpolator. The baseband processor also includes transmitter circuitry for encoding a signal to be transmitted. The baseband processor further includes a clock coupled to the receiver circuitry and coupled to the transmitter circuitry. The clock is configured to supply a clock signal that is processed to generate clock sampling frequencies for sending and receiving a single carrier signal and a multi-carrier signal.
Method and apparatus of implementing time synchronization
The present invention discloses a method of time synchronization and a base station system. The base station system includes a main unit, at least one radio unit, and a transmission medium adapted to transmit information between the main unit and the at least one radio unit. The base station system further includes a clock synchronization server configured close to the side of the at least one radio unit or integrated with the at least one radio unit. The clock synchronization server is adapted to transmit synchronization data to the main unit through the transmission medium, so that the main unit performs configuration processing according to the synchronization data to implement time synchronization with the clock synchronization server.
Radio communication system and radio base station
In a radio communication system in which a high-power base station and a low-power base station collaborate for inter-cell interference control, the downlink transmission power at the high-power base station is suitably controlled. The high-power base station executes wireless transmission to the user terminals using resources that are the same as resources used by the low-power radio base station. A transmission power controller of the radio base station uses a first downlink transmission power at first resources and uses a lower second downlink transmission power at second resources. The transmission power controller adjusts the second downlink transmission power in accordance with the number of user terminals capable of executing interference rejection combining, the downlink traffic amount for user terminals capable of executing interference rejection combining, or the number of downlink resource blocks allocated to user terminals capable of executing interference rejection combining.
Method and apparatus for controlling the transmission power of a base station in a wireless communication system
The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for controlling transmission power of the base station in a wireless communication system and includes calculating signal-to-noise ratio of a target component carrier and recovering the signal-to-noise ratio to be equal to or greater than a threshold by increasing a transmission power to a predetermined level and requesting, when the signal-to-noise ratio is less than a predetermined threshold, a neighbor base station to decrease the transmission power. According to the present invention, it is possible to suppress the inter-cell interference and improve channel utilization efficiency, resulting in improvement of the throughput of the wireless communication system.
Method and apparatus of transmitting PPDU in wireless local area network
A method for transmitting a physical protocol data unit (PPDU) in a wireless local area network (WLAN) is provide. The method includes generating a PPDU frame comprising a signal field and a data field and transmitting the PPDU frame, in which a transmission bandwidth for transmitting the signal field is fixed, but a transmission bandwidth for transmitting the data field is variable.
Systems and methods for dynamically allocating power budgets for operation of wireless modules
Certain embodiments herein relate to dynamic allocation of power budgets for wireless modules that may be integrated onto a wireless combo module. An individual power budget for each wireless module may be modified based on the performance of the wireless module such that wireless modules that may benefit from additional power consumption may receive additional power budget from other wireless modules that may be consuming less power than currently allocated. In this way, power budgets may be cooperatively shared among wireless modules to facilitate optimized wireless communications. Various techniques may be used to configure a wireless module to operate within or at certain power values, including adjusting a transmission speed and/or a time interval for sending backoffs to attain a desired power consumption.
Stylus power management using motion and orientation sensing
A system including an active stylus and a mobile computing device where an electronic signal emitted by the tip of the stylus that the mobile computing device uses to locate the tip is turned on and off when the stylus is not being used to save power. Whether the stylus is being used is determined based on an orientation of the stylus in comparison to an orientation of an electronic writing surface of the computing device. Difference in barometric air pressure or altitude between the stylus and mobile computing device may also be used to turn the tip signal on and off.
Devices and methods for facilitating reacquisition procedures
Access terminals are adapted to facilitate reacquisition procedures for a slotted idle mode. According to one example, an access terminal can operate in a slotted idle mode. The access terminal can then determine one or more optimized parameters for reacquisition procedures. In one example, the access terminal can determine an optimized length of time for reacquisition periods by incrementally reducing the length of time for reacquisition periods until an optimized length of time is obtained. In another example, the access terminal can determine an optimized number of pseudorandom noise (PN) signals and PN positions to be stored during each awake state of the slotted idle mode by incrementally reducing the number of PN signals and PN positions that are stored until an optimized number of stored PN signals and PN positions is obtained. Other aspects, embodiments, and features are also included.
Verifying availability of idle-mode mobile subscriber station in wireless access system
A method of verifying availability of a mobile subscriber station that is in an idle-mode includes requesting to a base station by the mobile subscriber station to enter an idle-mode, wherein the base station is associated with a paging group comprising a plurality of base stations, and receiving from the base station an idle-mode response command to enter the idle-mode. The method also includes receiving from the base station a paging command comprising an action code associated with performing ranging while the mobile subscriber station is in the idle-mode to verify availability of the mobile subscriber station with respect to the base station, wherein if the ranging is not successfully performed with the base station during a predetermined period, the base station continues to transmit the paging command until a paging retrial count reaches a predetermined threshold.
Method for determining an operational channel in a communication network, energy-restricted device and proxy device
The present invention relates to a method for determining an operational channel c_op of a communication network comprising at least two potential proxies for an energy-restricted device to join the network, and a set C of radio channels, wherein an energy-restricted device is to join the network, the method comprising the following steps: —the energy-restricted device transmitting a first beacon message on a first channel succ(m−1)(c) in MAC broadcast, wherein c belongs to the set C, and switching to receiving mode on channel listen(c), wherein succ and listen is an arithmetical function, from C to C, and m is a positive integer, —the proxies receiving the beacon message sent on channel succ(m−1)(c), —the temporary master device switching its radio receiver to channel succm(c), —the energy-restricted device transmitting a second beacon message on a second channel succ(c) and switching to receiving mode on channel listen (succm(c)), —upon receipt of the second beacon, the temporary master device transmitting a response on a channel listen listen(succm(c)), 20 —the energy-restricted device receiving the beacon response on a channel listen listen(succm(c)), determining that c=c_op. The invention also relates to an energy-restricted device and a proxy device therefor.
Elastic wireless control plane
One or more implementations can include methods, systems and computer readable media for elastic wireless control planes. In some implementations, the method can include evaluating one or more elastic wireless control plane mode factors, and partitioning each of a plurality of access points into one of an active mode group and a sleep mode group based on the evaluating. The method can also include determining a number of wireless control plane instances needed based on the partitioning. The method can further include activating the number of wireless control plane instances and shutting down any excess wireless control plane instances beyond the number.
Communication system, communication control system, communication apparatus, communication method, and connection program
A communication system having a first communication apparatus and a second communication apparatus is disclosed. The first communication apparatus includes a transmission unit which transmits a signal including at least a network identifier, and wherein the second communication apparatus includes a selection unit which selects a network identifier included in a signal received; and a control unit which connects to a network of the network identifier selected when predetermined information is included in a predetermined location in the network identifier selected and which outputs an alarm when the predetermined information is not included in the predetermined location in the network identifier selected.
Vehicle telematics scan rate control
A method and a system of controlling a public land mobile network (PLMN) scan rate (PCR) in a vehicle telematics unit. The method carried out by the system includes the steps of: (a) determining a power condition that includes a powered mode, an unpowered mode, and a discontinuous reception (DRx) mode; (b) determining whether the telematics unit is scanning one or more home networks or one or more visitor networks; and (c) setting the PCR based on the determined power condition and the determined network, including: (c1) when in the powered mode and scanning a visitor network, the PCR is set to a first scan rate; (c2) when in the powered mode and scanning a home network, the PCR is set to a second scan rate that is slower than the first rate; and (c3) when in the DRx mode, the PCR is set to a third scan rate that is slower than the second rate.
Device and method for public land mobile network searching
This disclosure relates generally to public land mobile network searching. A device, method, and/or system may include for each of at least one mobile network identity, each mobile network identity separately associated to a different mobile network, sequentially assessing, with a processor, for each mobile network identity, identity information sets corresponding to one of the at least one mobile network identity for a location code corresponding to the mobile network associated with the one of the mobile network identities, presenting, on a user interface, information related to the mobile network corresponding to the location code as identified. Upon the location code corresponding to the mobile network having been identified, the processor ceases assessing identity information sets corresponding to the mobile network identity for the location code.
Adaptive wireless sensor network and method of routing data in a wireless sensor network
A method of routing data in a wireless sensor network, a program product and a wireless sensor network. The method, includes: (a) detecting a temporal event by a source sensor node of a wireless sensor network comprising a multiplicity of sensor nodes; (b) identifying multiple paths from the source sensor node to a sink of the wireless sensor network, the multiple paths consisting of sensor node to sensor node hops; and after (b), (c) using a processor of the source sensor node, optimizing a distribution of data packets to each path of the multiple paths by simultaneously reducing (i) power consumed by sensor nodes in each path of the multiple paths and (ii) a time to transmit the data packets from the source sensor node to the sink.
Node apparatus and alternative path search method
Anode apparatus includes: a receiver configured to receive data from a first node apparatus adjacent to the node apparatus, a transmission source of the data being a second node apparatus; a data generator configured to generate transmission data in which the second node apparatus is specified as a final destination; a transmitter configured to transmit the transmission data to an adjacent node apparatus of the node apparatus other than the first node apparatus; and a decision unit configured to decide that an alternative path for transmitting data via an adjacent node apparatus of the node apparatus other than the first node apparatus does not exist between the node apparatus and the second node apparatus, when the node apparatus receives the transmission data transmitted by the transmitter to all adjacent node apparatuses of the node apparatus other than the first node apparatus.
Methods and system for dynamic spectrum arbitrage with mobility management
A dynamic spectrum arbitrage (DSA) system includes a dynamic spectrum policy controller (DPC) and a dynamic spectrum controller (DSC) that together dynamically manage the allocation and use of resources (e.g., spectrum resources) across different networks. The DSC component may include wired or wireless connections to eNodeBs, a mobility management entity (MME), and various other network components. These components may be configured to communicate and perform various mobility management operations to better manage and coordinate the handling (e.g., handoffs, hand-ins, backoff, etc.) of wireless devices as they are moved with respect to the allocated resources.
Handover control method and apparatus for high speed mobility user equipment
A handover control method and apparatus for limiting handover of a User Equipment (UE) from a macrocell to an underlying small cell when the UE is operating in a High Speed Mobility (HSM) mode in a radio access network. The UE receives an HSM pilot strength threshold offset parameter from the network and initiates handover from a macrocell to an underlying small cell using a first pilot strength threshold value when the UE is operating in a standard mode. The UE initiates the handover using a second pilot strength threshold value when the UE is operating in HSM mode. The second pilot strength threshold value is equal to the first pilot strength threshold value modified by the HSM pilot strength threshold offset parameter.
Full multi operator core network (MOCN) and mobility to other radio access technologies (RATS)
A telecommunications node (e.g., base station subsystem) and method are described herein that broadcasts a set of system information messages (e.g., SI2quater messages or pairs of SI2ter messages and SI2quater messages) for use by a legacy mobile station which enhances the overall probability (over time) that the legacy mobile station (non-supporting mobile station) in a network sharing scenario will find frequency, cell information or a combination of both within the broadcasted system information messages to be used for the legacy mobile station's cell reselection process to provide continuity with the legacy mobile station's registered PLMN (i.e. the Common PLMN of a shared radio access network). In addition, the telecommunications node (e.g., base station subsystem) and method can also broadcast a different type of system information message for used by a supporting mobile station.
Method and system for dynamically updating a handover-scan-list maintained by a base station
Disclosed herein is a method and corresponding system for dynamically updating a handover-scan-list maintained by a base station. In an example communication system comprising a first base station arranged to serve user equipment devices (UEs) on one or more carrier frequencies and a second base station arranged to maintain a handover-scan-list of carrier frequencies to which UEs served by the second base station can hand over, the first base station may process handover of a UE from being served by the first base station to being served by the second base station. During processing of the handover, the first base station may provide for receipt by the second base station a message indicating at least one carrier frequency on which the first base station is operating. In response to receiving the message, the second base station may then update the handover-scan-list to include the at least one carrier frequency.
Cell handover method and device
Embodiments of the present invention provide a cell handover method and a device. so that the target eNB uses a current serving small node as a user plane serving node after UE is handed over and uses the target eNB as a control plane serving node after the UE is handed over; receiving a handover request acknowledgment sent by the target eNB; and sending offloading configuration information of the current serving small node to the current serving small node, and sending RRC reconfiguration information of the UE to the UE, so that offloading configuration is performed separately by the current serving small node and the UE. This avoids a problem that in a cell handover process, a transmission resource required for transmission increases and a delay is relatively great because the current serving small node forwards a large amount of data to the target eNB.
Method and apparatus for maintaining location continuity for a UE following handover
Techniques for maintaining location continuity for a user equipment (UE) following handover are described. The UE communicates with a first radio access network (RAN) and is served by a source serving node and a source location server prior to handover. The UE communicates with a second RAN and is served by a target serving node and a target location server after the handover. In an aspect, location continuity may be maintained for the UE by transferring an identity of the target serving node to a location server during handover of the UE. In one design, the target serving node sends its identity to the target location server, which updates a Location and Routing Function (LRF) serving the UE. In another design, for handover from packet-switched domain to circuit-switched domain, the source serving node sends the target serving node identity to the source location server, which updates the LRF.
Method for transmitting streaming media content to wireless subscriber stations using packet header suppression
A radio access system receives packets from a local source of streaming media content via a local connection and from remote packet sources via a remote network. The radio access system communicates with a subscriber station via an air interface that includes an uplink and a downlink. A packet classifier in the radio access system maps packets having the subscriber station's IP address as destination address to the subscriber station's downlink. The subscriber station communicates with a content controller via the remote network to request selected streaming media content. The content controller instructs the radio access system to convey the selected streaming media content from the local source to the subscriber station. In response, the packet classifier maps the packets containing the selected streaming media content to a downlink (either the original downlink or a new one) for transmission to the subscriber station.
Enhanced self-organizing network switching matrix
Automated control of simulcast ratios based on network traffic data provides efficient network capacity management. In one aspect, a remote switching matrix can be utilized at a venue to couple remote transceiver units (RTUs) with different antenna ports, for example, of one or more multi-beam antennas deployed at the venue. A simulcast ratio that can be utilized to support traffic demand at the venue can be determined and implemented by creating dynamic connections between the RTUs and the antenna ports. In one aspect, the simulcast ratio can be modified based on changes in network traffic at the venue that are monitored via self-organizing network devices. In addition, one or more antenna beams of the multi-beam antennas are remotely steered or rotated based on a location of the traffic.
Method and apparatus for adaptive searching of distributed datasets
A first communication device comprising memory in which data is stored may receive a request packet from a second communication device, measure received signal strength for the request packet, and determine whether to perform the requested search of the data stored in the memory based on the received signal strength and the power at which the request packet was transmitted. The search request packet may comprise a request to search the data stored in the memory, and a transmit power field that indicates a power at which the request packet was transmitted. The determining may be based on a result of a comparison between the received signal strength and a threshold and/or based on a comparison of a relative power and a threshold. The relative power may be calculated utilizing the received signal strength and the power at which the packet was transmitted.
Efficient use of reference symbol resources in a hierarchical heterogeneous cell deployment
Techniques for collecting channel-state-information (CSI) feedback in a wireless network that comprises a plurality of geographically separated transmission points include methods in which a set of CSI reference symbol (CSI-RS) resources are identified, which correspond to the union of CSI-RS resources used by multiple transmission points in the primary transmission point's coverage area. A mobile station is configured to measure CSI-RS on a subset of the CSI-RS resources, the subset corresponding to CSI-RS resources used by a subset of the transmission points. The mobile station is also configured to assume that no downlink data will be transmitted in the remaining portion of the set of CSI-RS resources. CSI feedback is then received from the mobile station, based on measurements of the CSI-RS.
Network element, integrated circuit cellular communication system and method for capturing user equipment measurements
A communication system comprising a core network operably coupled to a small base station (HNB) arranged to support wireless communications to a user equipment UE is described. The HNB comprises a control processor being arranged in a first embodiment to: support setting up of an air interface connection with the UE to allow the UE and the core network to exchange messages, e.g. for a Location Update procedure and to receive an instruction from the core network via a core network connection to release the connection to the core network; usually, the HNB would transmit a RRC Connection Release message to the UE; however, the UE utilizes this situation to request and receive UE measurements by using RRC Measurement Control/Report messages and thus delays the initiation of the RRC Connection Release procedure towards the UE; in a second embodiment, the control processor is arranged to autonomously page the UE: thus, the UE establishes a RRC connection for responding to the paging message and the HNB may request receive UE measurements.
Method and apparatus for reporting channel state
A method and an apparatus for reporting a channel state in a wireless communication system are provided. A wireless device monitors a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) for downlink control information (DCI), which comprises a request for a channel quality indicator (CQI) for a plurality of wireless devices. When a CQI report is triggered by the request for the CQI, the wireless device reports the CQI to a base station.
Switch-extender and a method for calibrating
A switch-extender is connected to a measurement system and to several DUTs. It splits a signal from the measurement system into several signals so that the several DUTs receive the same signal and can therefore be tested in parallel. The switch-extender further includes at least one amplifier and/or at least one attenuator for every output port so that every signal has the same signal level no matter what the individual attenuation factor of the signal connectors or of the internal printed circuit board is. Furthermore a method for calibrating the measurement system as well as for the switch-extender and the signal connectors describes how to obtain the needed calibration values both for the downlink path and for the uplink path without changing the signal connector.
Mode conversion method for client cooperation in wireless communication system and device thereof
Provided are a mode conversion method for client cooperation in a wireless communication system and a device thereof. A first device converts a second system repetitively into an active mode which can receive a signal and a non-active mode which cannot receive the signal based on mode conversion information, and detects at least one second device based on the second system in the active mode. The first device is connected to the base station through the second system and another first system.
Conflict handling in self-organizing networks
A mechanism to handle conflict situations relating to configuration parameter value changes that can be made by two or more different self-organizing network functions is provided. The mechanism is based on storing and maintaining at least short term history information on configuration parameter value changes (33, 34, 35, 36) and utilizing the history information to determine whether or not to allow a configuration parameter value change.
Methods and apparatuses for sharing a radio node
A method and a radio node (RN) shared by operators of separate cellular networks having operator specific tracking area plans. The radio node (RN) broadcasts (1:1) system information with network identities of the cellular networks (PLMN IDs) and multiple operator specific tracking area codes (TACs) valid in respective tracking area plans of the cellular networks, each tracking area code being associated with a corresponding network identity in the system information. Thereby, the operators are enabled to use their own operator specific tracking area codes for their respective operator specific tracking areas that include a cell (100) covered by the radio node.
Mobile system and base station system for effectively using licensed spectrum and shared spectrum
A mobile system and a base station system for effectively using a licensed spectrum and a shared spectrum are provided. The mobile system includes: an initialization unit to initialize transmitting and receiving of data using at least one of the licensed spectrum and the shared spectrum; a sensing unit to sense a spectrum for transmitting and receiving of the data via the at least one spectrum; and a transceiver to transmit and receive the data via the sensed spectrum.
Radio base station, radio communication system, and control method
A radio base station (eNB1), which is used in a radio communication system that can autonomously adjust, based on load information transmitted/received between radio base stations, the radio base station parameters used for defining coverage, comprises: a network communication unit (140) that can receive, from another radio base station, first load information indicating the load level of the other radio base station and that can transmit, to the other radio base station, a request for transmission of second load information the information amount of which is greater than that of the first load information; and a control unit (120) that, when the load level of the other radio base station indicated by the received first load information satisfies a given condition, controls such that the request for transmission of the second load information is transmitted to the other radio base station.
Methods and systems for detecting malware and attacks that target behavioral security mechanisms of a mobile device
A behavior-based security system of a computing device may be protected from non-benign behavior, malware, and cyber attacks by configuring the device to work in conjunction with another component (e.g., a server) to monitor the accuracy and performance of the security system, and determine whether the system is working correctly, efficiently, or as expected. This may be accomplished via the server generating artificial attack software, sending the generated artificial attack software to the mobile device to simulate non-benign behavior in the mobile device, such as a cyber attack, and determining whether the behavior-based security system of the mobile device responded adequately to the simulated non-benign behavior. The sever may send a dead-man signal to the mobile device in response to determining that the behavior-based security system of the mobile device did not respond adequately to the simulated non-benign behavior.
Security management in M2M area network
The disclosure is related to a machine to machine (M2M) device and a security management method thereof. The M2M device includes an identification circuit. The identification circuit may be configured to encrypt data collected from a sensor with a device identification (ID) of the M2M device and at least one subscriber ID of the identification circuit and to generate a data packet in a predetermined communication standard format by including the encrypted data in a payload of the data packet.
Subscription module assignment managing server and subscription module assignment managing method
There is provided an apparatus (134) for managing assignment of subscription modules (307) for a group (141) of communication devices (140a-140n). The apparatus includes a receiving unit (203) configured to receive a request for assigning a subscription module to a target communication device (140j) so that the target communication device can attach to a network managed by a network (110) operator; and a control unit (205) configured to identify a group which includes the target communication device, determine whether the number of subscription modules which are assigned to the communication devices in the identified group reaches the upper bound, and when the number of the subscription modules does not reach the upper bound, assign a subscription module to the target communication device.
Subscriber identity module (SIM) card initiation of custom application launcher installation on a mobile communication device
A subscriber identity module (SIM) card. The SIM card comprises a processor, a memory, and an operation object. The memory stores, in part, the operation object, an integrated circuit card identifier (ICCID), an international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI), and an authentication key. When executed by the processor, the operation object causes a browser to be executed on a mobile communication device into which the SIM card is installed, provides a uniform resource locator (URL) to the browser, wherein the URL identifies a Web site, and causes the browser to send a request to the URL to download a custom application launcher and to install the custom application launcher on the mobile communication device.
Telecommunications systems and methods and smart cards for use therewith
In a telecommunications system including a plurality of different networks, terminals and smart cards, each terminal is usable in a particular network in association with one of the smart cards when that smart card is registered with that network. Each smart card carries secret information specific to its registered home network and with which the network can authenticate the smart card and allow use of the terminal with which that smart card is associated. Each smart card may be registered with one of the networks as its home network, selectively de-registered from its home network, and re-registered with a different one of the networks as its home network by obtaining data including an International Mobile Subscriber Identifier for use with that network. The Identifier is transmitted to the smart card, and the secret information relating to a particular network activated when registering or re-registering the smart card with that network.
System and method for adaptive channel scanning within a wireless network
An access point device that is adapted to a wireless network and a wired network is disclosed. The access point includes a transceiver to receive wireless frames from a plurality of wireless devices of the wireless network, respectively, and at least one component to process information extracted from the wireless frames and to control channel scanning based upon at least one of an amount of wireless device traffic and a type of call.
A portable battery-powered communications device is configured to operate in a bidirectional communications mode in which voice and/or data is communicated in a bidirectional manner using a bi-directional communications protocol; and to operate in an emergency beacon mode. When the device is in the emergency beacon mode the device is configured periodically to transmit an emergency positioning message at maximum power using the bi-directional communications protocol, transmission of the emergency positioning message defining a beacon transmit period; optionally, to listen for transmissions using the bi-directional communications protocol in a beacon response period immediately following the beacon transmit period; and to refrain from powering transmit and receive circuitry of the device other than during the beacon transmit period and the beacon response period.
System and method for projecting information from a wireless device
A system and method for projecting information from a wireless device. User preferences are received for projecting the information. An available projector is determined from a number of projectors. The information regarding the event is automatically projected from the available projector onto a surface in response to detecting the event and according to the user preferences.
Role based system for command, control and communication between team members
A system for enabling tracking and communication between units in a team, typically used for military or rescue operations. The system, known as Command and Control System, has a handheld central unit with a display for showing positions of team units and portable team units having GPS, compass and radio communication function for sending and receipt of positions and alarms and for receiving text messages, a display for showing own positions and bearings. The units have the ability to send data directly or relayed between each other and that each unit can be assigned one or more roles.
Region determination control
A method, in a mobile device, of controlling region determination by the mobile device, includes: determining a present pressure at the mobile device; determining, based on the present pressure and a reference pressure, that the mobile device moved from a first region to a second region within a structure, the first region and the second region being different regions of the structure and vertically displaced from each other; and performing region determination in response to determining that the mobile device moved from the first region to the second region.
Location-based discovery of network members by personal attributes using dynamic and static location data
A technique for allowing members of the same social network using mobile devices to discover others in the vicinity by personal attributes and in specific picture(s) and name for the purpose of connecting, and the ability to use functions provided by a social network such as SMS, e-mail, chat/instant messaging, multimedia, or video by using unique hardware identification of each member mobile device and personal login information that are stored in a network server computing device; and associating the unique apparatus of the members' hardware with the members' personal profile such that when a search is initiated between members, the results contain the members' profile's picture(s), name, location and additional information as stored in the profiles. The proximity of the users is determined by static or dynamic location of the actual device location identified through mobile radio frequency location technology and internet IP information and saved in the user profile.
Method of controlling a mobile terminal, and an associated mobile terminal
A method is disclosed for controlling a mobile terminal having a first wireless interface for cellular communication in a mobile telecommunications network and a second wireless interface for non-cellular wireless communication, such as wireless local area network (WLAN) communication, in at least one frequency band. In the mobile terminal, the following steps are performed. Information is received from the mobile telecommunications network, and the information is processed. Then, based on an outcome of the processing of the information, the second wireless interface is disabled from wireless communication in at least one frequency band.
Systems and methods for locating a tracking device
The principles described herein provide methods and systems for locating a tracking device. In particular, one disclosed method includes associating a user with a tracking device, receiving an indication that the tracking device is lost, setting a flag indicating that the tracking device is lost, receiving a location within a proximity of the tracking device from one of a plurality of mobile devices associated with a community of users, and providing the location to the user.
In some embodiments, a technique for logging an item encountered by a mobile device comprises automatically detecting an item in an uncontrolled environment, extracting an identity associated with the item, logging an encounter, wherein the encounter includes the identity, and deleting the encounter after a predetermined period of time has elapsed, wherein the encounter is not marked as relevant.
Method of configuring two wireless devices
The invention is a method of configuring a device and a wireless unit. The device is able to operate in tag mode and in wireless reader mode. The wireless unit is able to operate in wireless reader mode and in a card emulation mode. The method comprises the steps of: reading a setting data into the device running in tag mode, the setting data corresponding to a first configuration and being read by the wireless unit which operates in wireless reader mode, activating the first configuration in the unit, writing an acknowledgment data into the device and switching the unit to the card emulation mode, switching the device to the wireless reader mode when the presence of the acknowledgment data is detected in the device.
Terminal device and method for transceiving data thereof
A terminal device and a data transceiving method are provided. The terminal device includes a sensing unit which senses a momentum of the terminal device, an interface unit which receives a momentum from at least one external device, and a control unit which performs one of a data receiving operation, a data transmitting operation, and a data transceiving operation with the at least one external device depending on a comparison value obtained from a comparison of the sensed momentum with the received momentum to allow two devices to exchange data more easily.
Portable device that is adapted to remotely control content on a nearby display screen
A method is provided of using a telephone device to view full content on a nearby display screen which is not physically connected to the telephone device. The telephone device includes a display screen, a button which facilitates communication of the full content between the telephone device and a local control device connected to the nearby display screen, and a wireless transmitter. The full content is stored in the telephone device. Only a portion of the full content is displayed on the display screen of the telephone device. The full content is communicated from the telephone device to the local control device via a signal sent by the wireless transmitter upon selection of the button. The local control device receives the signal and provides the full content to the nearby display screen for display thereon.
Near field communication application identification routing in card emulation
A near field communications (NFC) device is disclosed that interacts with other NFC devices to exchange information and/or the data. The NFC device can include a plurality of secure elements each configured to store one or more card emulation instances. Each card emulation instance is associated with an application identification (AID) and a priority value. The NFC device can route communications between another NFC device and plurality of secure elements based on each card emulation instance's associated AID and priority value.
Method, apparatus and system for processing non-resource reservation type service
The disclosure provides a method, an apparatus and a system for processing a non-resource-reservation type service, wherein the method for processing the non-resource-reservation type service comprises: acquiring a service type of a received non-resource-reservation type service; according to the service type, querying a Network Attachment Control Function (NACF) entity about parameter information of the non-resource-reservation type service; generating a control strategy according to a present usage state of an interactive resource and the parameter information; according to the generated control strategy, controlling the received non-resource-reservation type service. The disclosure solves the problem that the non-resource-reservation type service cannot be admission-controlled in the Next Generation Network (NGN) of the prior art, and can efficiently use resources.
Systems and methods for distributing content using attributes
Methods and apparatus for distributing content between fixed and nomadic servers using attributes. Attributes may relate to, inter alia, the type of content, location of a fixed and/or nomadic content server, a vehicle that includes a nomadic server, an ability to use content, a need for content, vehicle owner information, and/or time.
Apparatus and method for generating multimedia data, and apparatus and method for playing multimedia data
An apparatus and method for generating multimedia data and an apparatus and method for playing multimedia data are disclosed. The apparatus for generating the multimedia data may include a spatial information identification unit to identify spatial information for a plurality of channels of a multi-channel audio signal, and a multimedia data generation unit to generate multimedia data including the spatial information, and the apparatus for playing the multimedia data may include a spatial information analysis unit to analyze spatial information for a plurality of channels of a multi-channel audio signal included in multimedia data, and a multimedia data playback unit to play multimedia data, based on the spatial information.
Device and method for optimizing stereophonic or pseudo-stereophonic audio signals
The invention permits optimum choice of those parameters which form the basis for the generation of stereophonic or pseudo-stereophonic signals. The user is provided with means for stipulating the degree of correlation, the definition range, the loudness and also further parameters of the resulting signals according to psychoacoustic aspects, and hence for preventing artifacts.The invention can be used to define highly efficient encoders or decoders which confine audio signals intended for reproduction by two or more than two loudspeakers as a mono signal plus a few parameters.Specific areas of application are telecommunications (hands-free devices), global networks, computer systems, broadcasting and transmission devices, particularly satellite transmission devices, professional audio technology, television, film and broadcasting and also electronic consumer goods.
Signal processing based on audio context
Described herein are systems, methods, and apparatus for determining audio context between an audio source and an audio sink and selecting signal profiles based at least in part on that audio context. The signal profiles may include noise cancellation which is configured to facilitate operation within the audio context. Audio context may include user-to-user and user-to-device communications.
Elastic body of audio accessory, audio accessory and electronic device supporting the same
An elastic body of an audio accessory is provided. The elastic body includes a cylindrical inner cover, at least one outer cover which is elongated from a top end edge of the cylindrical inner cover to enclose the cylindrical inner cover, the at least one outer cover having at least one inlet which partially exposes at least a part of the cylindrical inner cover, and at least one sensor module disposed on at least one of the cylindrical inner cover and the at least one outer cover and configured to generate a sensor signal related to deformation of the at least one outer cover.
Hearing aid, loudspeaker, and feedback canceller
A hearing aid includes: a microphone; a hearing aid processing unit configured to provide a gain to a first signal based on an output signal from the microphone to generate a second signal; a receiver configured to convert the second signal into sound; an adaptive filter configured to adaptively estimate a transfer function corresponding to a pathway from an input side of the receiver to an output side of the microphone; and a feedback removal unit configured to subtract a third signal generated based on the transfer function from the output signal of the microphone to obtain a signal and output the signal as the first signal; and a control unit configured to control the gain setting unit and an adaptive speed of the adaptive filter.
Microphone unit having a plurality of diaphragms and a signal processing unit
A microphone unit includes a microphone substrate. A plurality of diaphragm units are disposed on the microphone substrate. Each of the diaphragm units includes a diaphragm. A plurality of partition walls are disposed on the microphone substrate. Each of the partition walls surrounds the diaphragm so as to define a first area. A signal processor is disposed at a second area outside the first area and is configured to process signals output from the diaphragm units.
System of audio speakers implemented using EMP actuators
A localized multimodal haptic system includes one or more electromechanical polymer (EMP) transducers, each including an EMP layer, such as an electrostrictive polymer active layer. In some applications the EMP transducer may perform an actuator function or a sensor function, or both. The EMP polymer layer has a first surface and a second surface on which one or more electrodes are provided. The EMP layer of the EMP actuator may be 5 microns thick or less. The EMP transducers may provide local haptic response to a local a stimulus. In one application, a touch sensor may be associated with each EMP transducer, such that the haptic event at the touch sensor may be responded to by activating only the associated EMP transducer. Furthermore, the EMP transducer may act as its own touch sensor. A variety of haptic responses may be made available. The EMP transducers may be used in various other applications, such as providing complex surface morphology and audio speakers.
A full-audio-range speaker has a box, at least one dynamic speaker unit, and a vibration speaker. The box has multiple side walls and at least one wall hole. The at least one dynamic speaker unit is mounted in the box and has a sound hole aligned with the at least one wall hole. The vibration speaker is mounted through the box. The at least one dynamic speaker unit and the vibration speaker respectively improve midrange, treble, and bass performances of the full-audio-range speaker. Therefore, the full-audio-range speaker can have relatively good midrange, treble, and bass performances simultaneously.
Orientation based dynamic audio control
Control of audio output characteristics of the device is contemplated. The control may correspond with modifying the audio output characteristics according to an orientation of the device or other positional relationships defined between the device, the output from the device and/or speaker positioning that may vary as a result of user manipulation or an environment within which the device is being used.
System and method for dynamic control of audio playback based on the position of a listener
An optimal listening position for the multi-channel audio sound system is determined. A listening area and other audio playback controls may also be defined or modified by a listener. During subsequent audio playback, an imager captures images of at least a portion of the listener. When the listener has moved to a position that is different from a previous position, one or more audio parameters are adjusted for at least one channel in the multi-channel audio system in order to reposition the initial or previous optimal listening position to the current position of the listener. When the listener moves outside the listening area, an out of bounds response is initiated to disable or control the audio playback until the listener moves to a position within the listening area.
Sound system for establishing a sound zone
A system and method for acoustically reproducing at least two electrical audio signals and establishing at least two sound zones that are represented by individual patterns of reception sound signals includes processing the at least two electrical audio signals to provide processed electrical audio signals; converting the processed electrical audio signals into corresponding acoustic audio signals with at least two loudspeakers that are arranged at positions separate from each other; transferring each of the acoustic audio signals according to a transfer matrix from each of the loudspeakers to each of the sound zones where they contribute to the reception sound signals; and processing of the at least two electrical audio signals comprises inverse filtering according to a filter matrix. Inverse filtering is configured to compensate for the room transfer matrix so that each one of the reception sound signals corresponds to one of the electrical audio signals.
A speaker apparatus includes: a speaker operable to emit a sound; a receiver operable to receive an operation signal for operating an external apparatus; a relay section; a storage operable to store correspondence between operation information and operation signals that includes a first operation signal and a second operation signal; and a controller: when the operation signal received by the receiver is the first operation signal, operable to cause the relay section to transmit the operation signal received by the receiver to the external apparatus, and operate the speaker apparatus in accordance with operation information that corresponds to the first operation signal; and when the operation signal received by the receiver is the second operation signal, operable to prevent the relay section from transmitting the operation signal received by the receiver to the external apparatus.
Method and device for reducing acoustic feedback
Acoustic feedback in an audio device is reduced or eliminated via a feedback compensator. The feedback compensator disposes of at least one adaptive filter whose adaptation is governed by a step-size parameter μ. A step-size parameter μ of the adaptive filter is set at a high level to eliminate acoustic feedback and the parameter μ is decreased when a critical excitation signal is detected. This way to proceed allows for efficient elimination of feedback whistling while required environment signals are retained.
Methods and systems for Doppler recognition aided method (DREAM) for source localization and separation
Systems and methods are provided for source localization and separation by sampling a large scale microphone array asynchronously to simulate a smaller size but moving microphone array. Signals that arrive from different angles at the array are shifted differently in their frequency content. The sources are separated by evaluating correlated and even equal frequency content. Compressive sampling enables the utilization of extremely large scale microphone arrays by reducing the computational effort orders of magnitude in comparison to standard synchronous sampling approaches. Processor based systems to perform the source separation methods are also provided.
Speaker system and method for driving same
Disclosed is a speaker system. The speaker system includes a multimedia unit including a plurality of speaker units, a resonance medium for supporting the multimedia unit, a number of low frequency vibrators assembled with the multimedia unit and located between the multimedia unit and the resonance medium, a driving unit for providing high frequency audio signals to the speaker units and low frequency audio signals to the low frequency vibrators. A resonance member is formed by the low frequency vibrators and the resonance medium for producing low frequency sound.
Coaxial sound generating unit cartridge and a two-way earphone using the same
A two-way earphone includes: a main earphone body including a first sound generating unit and a second sound generating unit; a housing having a first holder part where the first sound generating unit is inserted, and a second holder part where the second sound generating unit is inserted, and a partition wall having at least one first sound releasing hole for releasing the sound generated from the first sound generating unit between the first holder part and the second holder part; a cap assembled onto the second holder part, and including at least one second sound releasing hole for releasing, to the outside, a mixed sound resulting from the intermixing of the sound released through the first sound releasing hole and the sound generated from the second sound generating unit.
Earphone detecting circuit and portable electronic device using the same
An exemplary earphone detecting circuit includes a signal input terminal, a voltage dividing circuit, a detecting circuit, and a signal output terminal connected electronically in that order. The signal input terminal is connected to an earphone jack of a portable electronic device. The signal output terminal is connected to a microcontroller of the portable electronic device. When the portable electronic device receives a call, the signal input terminal receives a signal and transmits the received signal to the detecting circuit through the voltage dividing circuit, the detecting circuit processes the signal transmitted to the signal output terminal to be constant.
Earphone apparatus (40) comprising: a substantially planar substrate (43) defining at least one electrical connection path (44); an electro-acoustic driver (41) and sensing microphone (42) each mounted on the substrate (43) and connected to the at least one electrical connection path (44); wherein the substrate (43) at least in part defines an acoustic waveguide (47) having a part extending through the substrate (43) for conveying sound from outside of the earphone apparatus (40) to the sensing microphone (42); and the part of the acoustic waveguide (47) extends through the substrate (43) substantially normal to the thickness of the substrate (43).
A receiver is provided with a connector including: an outer earbud contact composed of a tube-shaped conductor and provided on the earbud side, an inner earbud contact arranged inside the outer earbud contact via an earbud-side insulator, an outer cable contact composed of a tube-shaped conductor and provided on the cable side, and an inner cable contact arranged inside the outer cable contact via a cable-side insulator; a coaxial connector being formed when the outer contacts are screwed into each other.
Elastomeric torsion bushings for levered loudspeakers
A loudspeaker includes an acoustic diaphragm, an oscillatory force source, a lever coupling the oscillatory force source to the acoustic diaphragm, and a pivot coupled to the lever such that the lever moves in an arcuate path about the pivot when the oscillatory force source applies a force to the lever. The pivot includes at least one torsion bushing. The at least one torsion bushing includes a first member, a second member coupled to the lever and movable relative to the first member, and an elastomeric member coupling the first member to the second member.
System and method for storing multi-source multimedia presentations
A file format design supports storage of multi-source multimedia presentations via the inclusion of indications as to whether a presentation is a multi-source presentation, and for one media type, the tracks of which are from different sources and should be played simultaneously. If a multi-source presentation exists, additional indications may be provided including: an indication of a multi-source presentation type being stored; indications regarding the source of each track and which tracks have the same source; indications of different parties' information such as phone numbers, etc. Thus, a player may play back a recorded presentation in the same or substantially the same manner as it was presented during the actual session, and may automatically manipulate the presentation to be more informative or efficient. The file format design further supports storage of other types of multi-source presentations that render more than one media stream for at least one type of media.
Method and client apparatus for receiving an http adaptive streaming video
A method for receiving an HTTP adaptive streaming video from a server, said method comprising at a client, operatively connected to said server upon receiving a chunk of said video, determining a current rate of transmission for transmissions from said server to said client; obtaining statistical information pertaining to an expected future rate of transmission, in function of at least said current rate of transmission; deriving a target rate of transmission from said statistical information; and requesting a subsequent chunk of said video in accordance with said target rate of transmission.
Device orientation capability exchange signaling and server adaptation of multimedia content in response to device orientation
Capability exchange signaling techniques provide orientation sensor information from UEs to network servers. The orientation sensor information describes a device's support for orientation sensor capabilities, or a current orientation state of the device. Based on such information, a multimedia server provides different encoded versions of multimedia content for different device orientation modes supported by the device. The server may also adapt, dynamically and in real-time, media capture or transcode parameters for creating content tailored (i.e., optimized) for the device's current orientation mode, or for its various intermediate orientation states and spatial positions.
System and method for simultaneous broadcast for personalized messages
A system and method for the simultaneous creation, assembly and transmission of synchronous multiple personalized messages to specific targeted individuals or other entities. The system can send rich media distinctly personalized messages such as commercials to a small or large group of selected individuals through any appropriate distribution media. A personalized message is created based on segmenting a message into multiple slots, and providing different selectable segments for each slot. The multiple segments are then simultaneously broadcasted over multiple data streams to a receiver, wherein the receiver switches between the data streams to assemble the personalized message in a just-in-time fashion. Other data including overlays, animation, frame transitions etc. may also be transmitted and used to assemble the personalized message.
Method and system for providing secure handling of information for complete internet anywhere
An Internet capable set-top-box (STB) may be operable to extend a security boundary from the Internet capable STB to an application server to allow support of web browsing operations from the application server. A secure link between the Internet capable STB and the application server may be established. The Internet capable STB may communicate a request for web page information from a secure web server along with cryptographic credentials to the application server, via the secure link. The application server may be allowed to receive the web page information directly from the secure web server and process at least the unsupported portion of the received web page information. The Internet capable STB may then receive the web page information with at least the unsupported portion processed from the application server, via the secure link, for further processing and rendering.
Systems and methods for making content
According to various embodiments, a content marking command is received from a mobile device at a particular time. For example, a user selection of the content marking command may be received via a user interface displayed on the mobile device. The content marking command may indicate a user interest in a particular moment of an event viewed by the user. Moreover, the event viewed by the user and video content data corresponding to the event may be identified. Further, content marking data may be generated, whether content marking data indicates a particular portion of the identified video content data corresponding to the particular moment of the event.
Synchronizing video content with extrinsic data
Disclosed are various embodiments for associating and synchronizing extrinsic data with video content at particular points of time in the video content. A user interface is rendered that facilitates a selection from extrinsic data items that are associated with a video content feature that is currently being presented to a user. A user selection of a particular extrinsic data item is received through the user interface, and a time in the video content feature is determined corresponding to the user selection. An association is then generated between the particular extrinsic data item and the time in the video content feature.
Apparatus, systems and methods for media content event recommendation banner
Systems and methods are operable to recommend media content events with a personalized user incentive. An exemplary embodiment generates a media content event recommendation banner that is concurrently presentable with a presented electronic program guide (EPG), wherein the media content event recommendation banner includes at least one identifier of a recommended media content event and at least one personalized user incentive that is configured to be selected by the user.
System and method for creating and managing individual users for personalized television on behalf of pre-existing video delivery platforms
A system and method are provided for enabling members of a television viewing location to generate user profiles on behalf of a video middleware system. The method comprises intercepting data exchanged between an end user apparatus and the video middleware system; processing the data to generate either first processed data in a first format familiar to a user lifecycle management system, or second processed data in a second format familiar to the video middleware system; and providing either the first processed data to the user lifecycle management system, or the second processed data to the video middleware system.
Guide acquisition method in absence of guide update information on all transponders
Guide acquisition method and apparatus for receiving a satellite broadcast stream containing guide data, encapsulating said broadcast stream containing guide data in a network communication protocol, assigning a multicast address to said broadcast stream containing guide data, transmitting said broadcast stream containing guide data, receiving a request for said guide data wherein said request comprises a satellite network identifier and transmitting a said multicast address in response to said request.
Methods and apparatus to measure exposure to streaming media
Methods and apparatus to measure exposure to streaming media are disclosed herein. An example method includes demultiplexing a closed captioning transport stream from a media stream, the media stream intercepted intermediate a media device and a display. Metadata is extracted from the closed captioning transport stream. At least one of the metadata or data based on the metadata is exported to a media measurement server.
Method and apparatus for adaptive bit rate content delivery
A method performed by an apparatus provides for adaptive bit rate content delivery to one or more client devices. The method includes: receiving data presentation content encoded into a first data stream using a first set of encoding parameters, wherein the first data stream comprises a first plurality of frames corresponding to a first encoded bit rate, wherein each frame in the first plurality of frames includes as payload a portion of the data presentation content; receiving a request, for a client device, for a second data stream having a second bit rate that is lower than the first encoded bit rate; determining a first subset of the first plurality of frames, which corresponds to the second bit rate, and generating the second data stream using the first subset of the first plurality of frames, for delivering the data presentation content to the client device.
System and method for providing an interactive, visual complement to an audio program
A system and method for providing an interactive, visual complement to one or more audio programs. In one aspect, the system comprises an audio subsystem for generating an audio signal corresponding to a sound recording. The system also comprises a video subsystem for generating a video image specification based, at least in part, on the sound recording. In one aspect, the audio signal and video image specification are transmitted to an audio/video signal transmission system. The transmission system receives the video image specification and generates a video signal that conforms to the video image specification. The video signal and the audio signal are transmitted to at least one consumer receiver. In this way, the system provides a visual complement to an audio program.
Video display apparatus and operating method thereof
Provided is a operating method of a video display device including a display unit. A receiving unit obtains an uncompressed audio and video content. A content recognition configuration management unit receives information of the uncompressed audio and video content based on a characteristic information of the uncompressed audio and video, sets a content reminder based on the information of the uncompressed audio and video content, wherein the content reminder notifies broadcasting information for another content which is related to the uncompressed audio and video content. And reminds the another content while displaying the broadcasting information of the another content based on the setting of the content reminder.
Methods and apparatus for providing alternate media for video decoders
A system provides programming and advertising to a video decoder such as a digital video recorder, computer system, software or hardware player, etc. When a user makes a request to skip a commercial by issuing a command such as 30 second skip forward, alternate media is provided. In some examples, an image advertisement is provided for a predetermined period of time either during the commercial break or when regular programming resumes. In other examples, a substitute commercial is shown. The substitute commercial may be shortened or compressed. The alternate media may be perceptually encoded in a video stream, hidden in a video stream, or provided in a separate stream. In some examples, survey based and neuro-response based data is used to evaluate and select alternate media for particular programming.
Image coding method, image decoding method, image coding apparatus, image decoding apparatus, and image coding and decoding apparatus
A dependency indication is signaled within the beginning of a packet, that is, within the adjacent of a slice header to be parsed or a parameter set. This is achieved, for example, by including the dependency indication at the beginning of the slice header, preferably after a syntax element identifying the parameter set and before the slice address, by including the dependency indication before the slice address, by providing the dependency indication to a NALU header using a separate message, or by using a special NALU type for NALUs carrying dependent slices.
Video decoder error handling
A video decoder performs a sequential error handling process to detect and conceal errors within a corrupted data segment of video data units. The decoder sequentially decodes a current data unit. Upon detecting an error, the decoder sets an error flag and resynchronizes decoding at the start of the next unit. If the error flag is set, the video decoder identifies the end of the corrupted data segment based on the start of the later unit. The decoder conceals data between the start of the current unit and the end of the corrupted data segment. If the error flag is not set, the decoder may decode the remainder of the current unit and proceed to decode the next available unit without performing error handling and concealment for the current unit. The decoder also may address reference unit mismatches caused by lost video data units.
System and method for decoding using parallel processing
Encoding a stream of video data including at least one frame having a plurality of rows of blocks video may include encoding the plurality of rows using a second encoding scheme, wherein the input to encoding each row includes information contained in an adjacent row, dividing the plurality of rows into a plurality of partitions, wherein at least two adjacent rows are placed into separate partitions, further encoding each of the plurality of the partitions using a first encoding scheme, recording a value indicative of the number or of partitions into which the plurality of rows have been divided, and recording a value indicative of the location of the partitions within the encoded video data.
Encoding / decoding method and apparatus using a tree structure
The present disclosure provides an encoding/decoding method using a tree structure. The encoding method for encoding image information includes: grouping predetermined areas having the image information into a plurality of groups, and generating a node value of each layer up to an uppermost layer by determining a minimum value or a maximum value of information to be encoded within grouped areas as information on the grouped areas; and encoding a difference value between the node value of each layer and a node value of an upper layer or a difference value between the node value of each layer and a value determined based on a preset criterion. Accordingly, the encoding efficiency and in turn the video compression efficiency are improved by using the tree structure in the encoding of various pieces of image information and the decoding of the resultant encoded data.
Audio output distribution
In some embodiments, a request for an audio stream associated with a video output may be received. Upon receiving the request, the requested audio stream may be encoded for transmission over a network and sent to a user device associated with the request.
Advanced residual prediction in scalable and multi-view video coding
In an example, a method of coding multi-layer video data includes determining, for a first block of video data at a first temporal location, whether one or more reference picture lists for coding the first block contain at least one reference picture at a second, different temporal location. The method also includes coding the first block of video data relative to at least one reference block of video data of a reference picture in the one or more reference picture lists, where coding includes disabling an inter-view residual prediction process when the one or more reference picture lists do not include at least one reference picture at the second temporal location.
Method and system for dynamically calibrating vehicular cameras
A method of dynamically ascertaining the alignment of a vehicular camera. The method involves acquiring a sequence of images provided by the camera whilst the vehicle is in motion. For each range of steering angles, the method (i) selects a plurality of feature points in the images, (ii) tracks a motion trajectory for each selected feature point, and (iii) determines a vanishing point in the image plane based on the tracked motion trajectories. The method determines a vanishing line in the image plane based on a locus of these vanishing points and determines the alignment of the camera based on the position of a central vanishing point (corresponding to the zero degree angle) and the vanishing line.
Systems and methods for alignment, calibration and rendering for an angular slice true-3D display
Systems and methods for calibrating a 3D display system. In one embodiment, a system includes a display screen, 2D image projectors that project 2D projection images onto the screen and a camera that captures calibration images of the screen. A computer generates the 2D projection images, which include calibration patterns, and processes the captured calibration images. The computer uses the calibration images to calculate corrections based upon the calibration images. The computer can then generate corrected 2D projection images that are projected by the 2D image projectors onto the screen to produce a substantially visually correct 3D image with continuous viewing, true horizontal parallax, and a different view for each eye within a valid viewing zone. The corrections to the images may include corrections to the geometry (including distortion, alignment, etc.) color (including intensity and related parameters).
Stereoscopic image control apparatus to adjust parallax, and method and program for controlling operation of same
A natural stereoscopic image is displayed and eye strain is mitigated. A face image is detected in a stereoscopic image composed of a left-eye image and a right-eye image. The left-eye and right-eye images are shifted in such a manner that visual disparity of the detected face image is removed. Furthermore, a display area containing the face image is calculated. The calculated display area is enlarged so as to be displayed over the entirety of the display screen. Since a double image that appears in front of the face image is excluded, the strain upon the eyes of the observer is mitigated.
Method for constructing images of a pair of glasses
A method for producing dynamic photorealistic 3D models for digitizing a three-dimensional object, that may include including transparent or reflective parts such as a pair of glasses, is adaptive for visualization and real time fitting, and includes movable fastening of the object to a support, pivoting about a vertical axis, placed opposite at least two vertically spaced image shooting devices, acquisition of object images by the image shooting devices during a rotation of the object about the vertical axis, and colorimetric correction of the acquired images.
Information processing system using captured image, information processing device, and information processing method
An input information acquisition unit of an information processing device acknowledges a user input. An imaging condition control unit initiates imaging using the imaging condition determined according to the user input or a result of analyzing a captured image. An imaging condition storage unit stores an imaging condition table that maps target functions to imaging conditions. First and second image analysis units and acquire images captured by first and second cameras and installed in the imaging device and perform necessary image analysis. An information integration unit integrates images captured by the pair of cameras and results of analysis. An image data generation unit generates data for an image output as a result of the process.
Multi-layer backwards-compatible video delivery for enhanced dynamic range and enhanced resolution formats
A sequence of enhanced dynamic range (EDR) images and a sequence of standard dynamic range images are encoded using a backwards-compatible SDR high-definition (HD) base layer and one or more enhancement layers. The EDR and SDR video signals may be of the same resolution (e.g., HD) or at different resolutions (e.g., 4K and HD) and are encoded using a dual-view-dual-layer (DVDL) encoder to generate a coded base layer (BL) and a coded enhancement layer (EL). The DVDL encoder includes a reference processing unit (RPU) which is adapted to compute a reference stream based on the coded BL stream. The RPU operations include post-processing, normalization, inverse normalization, and image registration. Decoders for decoding the coded BL and EL streams to generate a backwards compatible 2D SDR stream and additional 2D or 3D SDR or EDR streams, are also described.
Projection device and automatic projection calibration method thereof
A projection device and an automatic projection calibration method thereof are disclosed. When the projection device boots up, an image pattern corresponding to a display data is projected through a projecting unit. The image pattern is sensed through an image sensor to obtain information of the image pattern. The information of the image pattern is compared with information of a previous image pattern through a processing unit to determine whether to execute an automatic calibration procedure. When the processing unit executes the automatic calibration procedure, a calibration pattern is projected through the projecting unit. The calibration pattern is sensed through the image sensor to obtain information of the calibration pattern. A calibration driving procedure is executed through the processing unit to convert imaging coordinates of the calibration pattern sensed through the image sensor into projecting coordinates of the projection device, so as to establish a coordinate conversion table.
Solid-state imaging apparatus and camera
A solid-state imaging apparatus, comprising a plurality of pixels respectively including photoelectric conversion portions arranged on a semiconductor substrate, wherein the plurality of pixels include pixels for imaging arranged according to a Bayer array and pixels for focus detection each having a light-shielding portion with an opening, and the opening of the light-shielding portion of a first pixel for focus detection arranged in a position where a red pixel of the Bayer array is to be arranged is made larger than that of a second pixel for focus detection arranged in a position where a blue pixel of the Bayer array is to be arranged.
Method and system for light-based intervention
A method and system are provided in which a device having one or more illumination sources and may receive information for a target location through a network connection. The information may be based on video captured by a surveillance camera. The device may adjust a projection position of one of the illumination sources based on the target location information and may project a light beam generated by the illumination source onto the target location when the projection position is adjusted. The light beam may project a pattern onto the target location, which may comprise an image, a letter, a word, a symbol, or a combination thereof. The device may receive an indication of a type of situation taking place at the target location and may utilize the indication to select an illumination source and/or a type of pattern to project onto the target location.
Resilient remote surveillance system and method
A method, system, and medium are provided for remotely monitoring a surveillance area, including deploying a secure enclosure that includes a controller coupled to a switch, a router, and a video-server appliance, the controller configured to provide remote operation and status information presentable via a remote server coupled to the router, and sending video information received by one or more cameras.
Method and apparatus for displaying program guide information in available blank regions
A program guide printing device receives program information and generates program guide print data from the received program information. The program guide printing device prints a program guide. In a program frame of a program guide, a blank region may occur. In the blank region, the program guide printing device can print program information of another program or additional information such as advertisement information, program topics, weather forecast, text and images.
Method and terminal for transmitting information
The present invention discloses a method and a terminal for transmitting information. The method includes: obtaining, by a second video conference system, an image adjustment parameter from a first video conference system; adjusting, by the second video conference system, a received or captured image according to the image adjustment parameter. According to the method and the terminal for transmitting information in embodiments of the present invention, an image adjustment parameter indicating shooting width information in a form of spatial information is sent to a second system, so that the second system can adjust an image according to the image adjustment parameter, thereby effectively obtaining and transmitting information used for image adjustment, improving user experience, and enhancing product competitiveness.
Video conference virtual endpoints
A method and a device providing one virtual endpoint dedicated to serve one particular real endpoint, and the virtual endpoint is typically installed on a server in the same local network as the associated real endpoint, where an MCU or a fraction of a distributed MCCJ also is installed. In the upstream direction, the virtual endpoint includes at least an upstream decoder, a scaling unit and an upstream encoder. In the downstream direction, the virtual endpoint includes at least a number of decoders, a composing unit and a downstream encoder.
Facilitating video conferences
Implementations generally relate to facilitating video conferences. In some implementations, a method includes enabling a video conference having a plurality of participants. The method further includes determining one or more primary speakers from the participants. The method further includes modifying video streams of one or more participants based on the determining one or more of the participants as primary speakers.
Transmission terminal, transmission method, and recording medium storing transmission control program
A transmission terminal that communicates contents data including sound data with a counterpart transmission terminal, detects a delay time indicating a delay in receiving the contents data from the counterpart transmission terminal, and interrupts transmission of the contents data other than the sound data to the counterpart transmission terminal when the delay time exceeds a predetermined value.
Characterizing ingress noise
Methods and devices for characterization of repetitious noise in cable networks are disclosed. A frequency band of interest is identified, a time trace of a signal parameter within the frequency band is obtained, and an autocorrelation of the time trace is computed to detect repetitious noise. The repetition frequency can serve as an indicator of the noise source type, and thus it can assist in noise segmentation.
Motion vector interpolation for motion compensation
A method of performing motion compensation includes identifying a set of candidate motion vectors for a block in an intermediate frame from a set of motion vectors from a previous and current frames, performing block-level analysis for each candidate motion vector, selecting an interpolation motion vector, and using the interpolation motion vector to interpolate the intermediate frame between the previous and current frames, wherein the number of intermediate frames depends upon a conversion to a faster frame rate. A method of determining background and foreground motion vectors for a block in an interpolated frame includes comparing a first motion vector that points to a previous frame to a second motion vector that points to a next frame to produce a difference, and designating one of the first and second motion vectors as a background motion vector and the other as a foreground motion vector depending upon the difference.
Grouping and presenting content
A provider transmits instructions to a receiver to record multiple instances of content. The instances of content are included in the same frequency band of a broadcast signal transmitted via a first communication link and encoded utilizing a common encryption. The provider determines to supplement and transmits an instruction to record a supplemental instance of content from a second content provider via a second communication link. The receiver receives the instructions and accordingly receives, decodes, and stores the multiple instances of content and the supplemental content. A recorder in communication with the receiver determines whether a content selection is a member of a content group. The group determination is based on a tag of the content selection. If the content selection is a member of the content group, the recorder presents to a display device the content selection and at least one other member of the content group.
Projection display device
A projector 100 comprising a light source (130), a reflective light bulb (DMD 180), a projection optical system, an illumination optical system (120) that guides light emitted from the light source to the reflective light bulb, a stationary aperture (166), and a movable aperture (167).
Apparatus, systems and methods for accessing missed media content
Systems and methods are operable to retrieve at least a portion of a missed media content event. An exemplary embodiment detects an occurrence of a failed recording of at least a portion of a media content event of interest; transmits a notification of the detected occurrence of the failed recording of the at least the portion of the media content event of interest from a media device to a replacement content device; and receives, at the media device, at least a portion of missed media content corresponding to at least the portion of the media content event of interest that failed to record.
Stitched image sensor with multiple part drivers
An image sensor system has a first stitched image sensor part that has multiple image sensing pixels and pixel gates. The multiple pixel gates are connected together by a first line on the first stitched image sensor part, and said multiple pixel gates are controlled by a first control signal. A second stitched image sensor part also has multiple sensing pixels and pixel gates, and the multiple pixel gates are connected together by a second line on said second stitched image sensor part, and said multiple pixel gates on said second stitched image sensor part are controlled by the first control signal. A driver for the first control signal, wherein said driver includes a first part for controlling said multiple pixel gates of said first stitched image sensor part and said driver has a second part, also driven by the same first control signal, for controlling said multiple pixel gates of said second stitched image sensor part.
Column A/D converter, column A/D conversion method, solid imaging device, and camera system
The present invention relates to a column A/D converter, column A/D conversion method, imaging device, and camera system that can reduce the amount of IR drop by dispersing the current consumed during the count operation, mitigate the counter characteristic degradation, readily reduce the amount of fluctuation in the power source voltage, and achieve operation at a low power source voltage. The column A/D converter includes a plurality of column processing units including an A/D conversion function, a plurality of counters configured to generate digital codes in response to a reference clock and arranged corresponding to each or a set of the column processing units, and a count start offset unit configured to trigger a pseudo count operation in each of the counters and to offset a count start code for at least two or more counters among the plurality of counters before the reference clock is supplied to the counters.
Image sensor and image processing system including subpixels having a transfer circuit, comparator and counter for outputting the count value as the subpixel signal
An image sensor includes a pixel array and a row driver block. The pixel array includes a plurality of subpixel groups, each including a plurality of subpixels. Each of the plurality of subpixels is configured to generate a subpixel signal corresponding to photocharge accumulated in response to a photon. The row driver block is configured to generate a first control signal to control the subpixels included in each of the plurality of subpixel groups to accumulate the photocharge in parallel from a first time point to a second time point.
Image processing apparatus, display apparatus and image capturing apparatus with generation of composite image by adding multiplied edge components outputted from first multiplier and multiplied low frequency components outputted from second mylitplier
An image processing apparatus for generating a high dynamic range image using a plurality of images obtained by capturing images of a same object with different exposure values, has: an input unit for inputting a correctly exposed image generated with correct exposure and an incorrectly exposed image generated with exposure other than the correct exposure; a filter unit for performing low pass filter processing on the incorrectly exposed image; and a composition unit for generating a high dynamic range image by composing an output image of the filter unit with the correctly exposed image.
Imaging apparatus, signal processing method, and program
Apparatus and method for generating a wide dynamic range image by executing a pixel value combination process of a plurality of different exposure time setting pixels. Control of a different exposure time is performed for each of a plurality of pixels of the same colors configuring a pixel block and an addition pixel value obtained by adding outputs of the plurality of pixels of the same colors of the pixel block is generated. The generation of the addition pixel value is executed by an adding unit that adds the outputs of the plurality of pixels of the same colors of the pixel block. Or, the generation of the addition pixel value is executed by a floating diffusion set in a pixel block unit and a charge output from each of the plurality of pixels of the same colors configuring the pixel block is accumulated and output in the floating diffusion.
Using inertial sensors to provide smoothed exposure and white balance adjustments for video and photographic applications
A first image frame is gathered. The first image frame, a first white balance value, and a first exposure value are stored. Information is sensed from an inertial sensor. A second image frame and intermediate image frames are gathered. A distance traversed by a camera is determined. In response to one or more of: the distance exceeding a predetermined threshold, or a new white balance value significantly differing from a previous white balance value, or a new exposure value significantly differing from a previous exposure value, a second white balance value and a second exposure value are determined for the second image frame. A smoothed white balance value and a smoothed exposure value are determined for the intermediate image frames.
Electronic apparatus, image sensing apparatus, control method and storage medium
An electronic apparatus includes a first operation unit and second operation unit, and performs the first function in accordance with an operation to the first operation unit and an operation to the second operation unit. When an instruction to perform the first function is accepted from an operation to the first operation unit, the electronic apparatus displays first operational display items for accepting, from an operation to the first operation unit, an instruction to perform the second function different from the first function. When an instruction to perform the first function is accepted from an operation to the second operation unit, the electronic apparatus displays second operational display items for accepting, from an operation to the second operation unit, an instruction to perform the second function.
Methods and systems for removal of rolling shutter effects
Methods and systems for rolling shutter removal are described. A computing device may be configured to determine, in a frame of a video, distinguishable features. The frame may include sets of pixels captured asynchronously. The computing device may be configured to determine for a pixel representing a feature in the frame, a corresponding pixel representing the feature in a consecutive frame; and determine, for a set of pixels including the pixel in the frame, a projective transform that may represent motion of the camera. The computing device may be configured to determine, for the set of pixels in the frame, a mixture transform based on a combination of the projective transform and respective projective transforms determined for other sets of pixels. Accordingly, the computing device may be configured to estimate a motion path of the camera to account for distortion associated with the asynchronous capturing of the sets of pixels.
Information processing terminal, information processing method, and program
The present technology relates to an information processing terminal, an information processing method, and a program capable of naturally suppressing camera shake with a target object being arranged at a certain position on an image. An information processing terminal of an aspect of the present technology includes an imaging unit that takes an image; a display unit that displays the taken image; a measuring unit that measures a motion occurring in the terminal itself; and a display control unit that displays an indicator composed of a plurality of components arranged in a nested structure on the image and varies a position and a size of each component in accordance with the motion. The present technology is applicable to a mobile terminal provided with a camera and a display unit.
Imaging operation terminal, imaging system, imaging operation method, and program device in which an operation mode of the operation terminal is selected based on its contact state with an imaging device
An imaging operation terminal may include: a storage section configured to store switching information of an operation mode which operates according to a state of physical contact with an imaging device; a communication section configured to perform wireless communication with the imaging device; a communication detection section configured to detect whether the wireless communication by the communication section with the imaging device is possible; a physical state detection section configured to detect the state of the physical contact with the imaging device; and an operation mode selection section configured to select one operation mode based on the switching information according to the state of the physical contact with the imaging device detected by the physical state detection section after the communication detection section has detected that the wireless communication with the imaging device is possible.
Image defocus blur estimation
Image defocus blur estimation techniques are described. In one or more implementations, fixed spatial frequencies that are usable to analyze an image for blur are selected. The selected spatial frequencies are input to a function used to determine frequency responses for pixels of the image. The frequency responses indicate a response of the pixels around a given pixel to the selected spatial frequencies. The spatial frequencies that are selected may be limited to spatial frequencies having a frequency magnitude from a set of discrete values. The discrete values may, for instance, range from a minimum frequency magnitude to a maximum frequency magnitude, and be spaced apart by a frequency magnitude increment. A number of frequencies that are selected at each magnitude may also be based on the frequency magnitude increment.
Photograph prediction including automatic photograph recording with autofocus and method
When a user removes a camera phone from a pocket or other storage location and raises it in a pre-defined motion in front of his face, the pre-defined motion activates the camera. When the camera phone decelerates/stabilizes in the user's hand in the correct orientation to take a picture, autofocus occurs and the camera automatically records images/photographs. When the user presses the shutter release, a camera application opens on the camera phone display to show the current image and that image is recorded. The previous automatically recorded images also may be available for viewing by the user. If after removing the camera from the storage location, the user does something other than pressing the shutter release, the automatically recorded images will be automatically discarded. When a brief photographic opportunity occurs and the user has little time to react, the photographic moment still can be captured.
Dual camera fifth wheel system
A dual camera system for viewing a coupling of a hitch to a trailer, such as on a semi tractor truck, includes a camera housing having two video cameras. The housing includes two doors that open automatically by a motor, arms and linkages when the vehicle is shifted into reverse. A split screen view is shown to the driver rearward toward the trailer and forward toward the hitch plate. The motor, arms and linkages automatically close the doors after the vehicle is shifted out of reverse, such as after a delay to determine if the hitch latch is secure. The linkages are sliding linkages with a spring so that the doors can be opened manually for cleaning the lenses of the cameras. A heating element is inside the housing.
Devices and methods for collection of data
Devices and methods for remotely collecting data for the assessment of value and/or like, kind, and quality are provided, including a mobile device equipped with an application configured to enable collection of data; the data acquired using the device are received by a service provider; and following the assessment transmitting of the assessment analysis by the service provide to the display of the mobile device of the user.
Image sensor having a noise filter, camera having the image sensor, and driving method thereof
Disclosed are a camera, an image sensor thereof, and a driving method thereof. An image sensor converts an incident light into an electrical image signal. The image sensor outputs the converted electrical image signal by removing noise from the electrical image signal. An image processing unit processes the output image signal to generate screen image data. The image sensor effectively removes noise, thereby improving the optical precision of the camera.
Image-processing device, image-capturing device, image-processing method, and recording medium
According to an aspect of the present invention, for which of the original image data before the gradation correction and the original image data after the gradation correction the restoration process is performed is determined depending on whether or not the image information meets the condition under which the ringing appears in the recovery image data due to the restoration process. When the gradation correction is performed after the restoration process, there is a probability that the side effect (the ringing or the like) of the restoration process is emphasized by the gradation correction. Therefore, in the case where the image information meets the condition under which the ringing appears, it is possible to prevent such a side effect (the ringing or the like) of the restoration process from being emphasized by the gradation correction, by performing the restoration process for the original image data after the gradation correction.
Document reading device
Provided is a document reading device capable of performing shading correction and making it difficult for foreign matters to enter inside the device. A document reading device includes a reading unit, a glass unit, and a closing member. The reading unit has a light source and reads a document. The glass unit has a glass plate that transmits light emitted from the light source and a reference member serving as a reference for shading correction of a reading optical system. The glass unit is disposed with a space provided with respect to the reading unit and slid between a first position where the light emitted from the light source transmits the glass plate and a second position where the light emitted from the light source reaches the reference member with the space being maintained. The closing member is positioned downstream of the glass plate and the reference member of the glass unit in a document conveying direction and fills at least a part of the space provided between the reading unit and the glass unit.
Image forming apparatus including a rotatable operation panel
An image forming apparatus includes a main body; an operation panel coupled to the main body to rotate between a storage position and a use position; a stopper positioned on the operation panel; a stopper support unit, located on a rotation trajectory of the stopper with interference, which has a blocking position to block a rotation of the operation panel to the use position and the storage position, and a non-blocking position to allow a rotation of the operation panel; an elastic member to generate an elastic force in a direction where the stopper support unit is located in the blocking position; and an operation member to rotate the stopper support unit to the non-blocking location.
Method and apparatus for monitoring service usage of a mobile terminal
Method and device of monitoring service usage are disclosed. The method includes: acquiring respective service plan information of a first service plan and a second service plan for a service offered by one or more service providers, the respective service plan information for each of the first and second service plans including a respective set of service variables; acquiring respective values for the respective sets of service variables for the first and second service plans based on actual service usage associated with a user; in accordance with the acquired respective values, generating a first service score for the first service plan and a second service score for the second service plan; and in accordance with the first and second service scores, selecting a respective service plan for at least one of usage recommendation or fee calculation for subsequent use in a current service cycle.
Charging method, authentication method, charging device, and authentication device
A charging method, an authentication method, a charging device, and an authentication device. The charging method includes: receiving a service unit request sent by an access device, calculating a granted service unit according to a current tariff, determining a reporting time point according to a tariff switch point and returning a service unit answer to the access device; and receiving a used service unit reported by the access device at the reporting time point, calculating a remaining service unit based on the granted service unit and the used service unit instructing the access device to perform a forcible offline operation. The technical solutions provided by the embodiments of the present invention may effectively reduce an occurrence probability of a user account overdraft, thereby reducing a loss caused by the user account overdraft to an operator.
Spatial quiescence protection for multi-channel acoustic echo cancellation
A system performs residual echo suppression on a microphone signal that receives, e.g., voice commands, and that is exposed to echo from multiple speakers. An example is a smartphone that receives voice commands while the smartphone is playing music through stereo speakers. The system estimates residual echo level in different ways, and determines which estimate to use. The technique responds well to the difficult to handle scenario of a spatially quiescent image suddenly transitioning to a spatially rich image. Even in the face of such difficult scenarios, the system detects and removes residual echo from the microphone signal, instead of allowing the undesired residual echo to pass through.
Optimal use of multiple concurrent internet protocol (IP) data streams for voice communications
Examples are disclosed for hosting a communication session between a hybrid mobile device and a second communication device in an Internet Protocol (IP) based packet data network. A communications server functions as a bridge service between the hybrid mobile device and the second communication device enabling the exchange of multiple concurrent IP packet data media streams over multiple different IP based networks between the hybrid mobile device and the communications server. The hybrid mobile device determines a packet quality for each corresponding packet in the multiple concurrent IP packet data media streams and creates a blended IP packet data media stream by selecting the highest quality packet from among the multiple concurrent IP packet data media streams. On the send side, the hybrid mobile device fully and partially encodes an IP packet data stream to be sent out over the multiple different IP based networks to the communications server.
SS7 ISUP to SIP based call signaling conversion gateway for wireless VolP E911
An SS7-based call protocol conversion gateway that translates between circuit-switched SS7 protocols and session initiation protocol (SIP) oriented protocol, allowing an E911 call initiated over a switched network to be routed by a VoIP network. The SS7-based call protocol conversion gateway provides a PSAP with MSAG quality (street address) information about a VoIP dual mode phone user without the need for a wireless carrier to invest in building out an entire VoIP core. Thus, wireless carriers may continue signaling the way they are today, i.e., using the J-STD-036 standard for CDMA and GSM in North America, yet see benefits of a VoIP network core, i.e., provision of MSAG quality location data to a PSAP.
Load balancing of distributed media agents in a conference system
A load balancer controls a cluster of media agents each configured to perform media packet processing operations in a conference session. The load balancer receives a Session Traversal Utilities for Network Address Translation/Translator (NAT) (STUN) request from a caller to establish media. The STUN request includes a conference identifier (ID) for the session. The load balancer determines an availability of each of the media agents in the cluster, selects a media agent for the caller based on the conference ID and the determined media agent availabilities, forwards the STUN request to the selected media agent, and routes media packets between the caller and the selected agent for the session.
Recovery of established emergency calls
A system, method and apparatus for re-establishing a call received at a public safety answering point are described. A Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) call establishment request is received at an emergency call answer node. The call establishment request has an indication of a previously established emergency call to re-establish. The emergency call answer node searches a call recovery queue for a previously received call establishment request having a matching indication for the previously established emergency call to re-establish. The emergency call answer node bridges a call leg for the received call establishment request and a call leg for the previously received call establishment request having the matching indication for the previously established emergency call to re-establish when a match is found.
System and method for prompt modification based on caller hang ups in IVRs
In a method for use in Interactive Voice Response (IVR) systems, an IVR is configured such that voice prompts provided to a caller vary systematically and caller hang-up activity is attributed to the particular version of a prompt played to the caller. Voice prompt modifications are chosen based on how long the caller willingly listens to the voice prompt. A relatively short time listening to a prompt before hang-up, indicates dissatisfaction with that prompt. The system compares caller hang-up rates for each of the phrases in a prompt and chooses the optimum solution, which is the variant of the prompt with the longest caller listening time. Optionally, the system compares hang up rates to a threshold and contingent on that comparison chooses an alternative version of the prompt.
Systems and methods for using caller data to electronically disseminate a message
Disclosed herein are systems and methods for using caller data to electronically disseminate a message. In one aspect, a method involves (i) a phone switch receiving a phone call and corresponding caller data, (ii) the phone switch sending to a record manager, the caller data, (iii) the record manager receiving the sent caller data, and (iv) responsive to the record manager receiving the sent caller data, the record manager (a) retrieving from a data storage, a school identifier corresponding to the received caller data, and (b) causing a notification system to electronically disseminate a message, wherein the message indicates that an updated operational-status of a school identified by the retrieved school identifier is expected soon.
Increasing contact center efficiency via multi-cast and multi-item presentation
A contact center includes a resource selection module operable to determine and select a plurality of agents based on a work request. The plurality of agents includes agents suitable for the work request. Further, the plurality of agents includes agents having previous work requests in a presenting state. Furthermore, the plurality of agents includes agents working below individual capacity of the agents for simultaneously handling work requests. Further, the plurality of agents is dynamic and may increase in size. The contact center further includes a resource connector module operable to present the work request simultaneously to the plurality of agents. The resource connector module further may subsequently present the work request to newly available suitable agents. The resource connector module further routes the work request to an agent based on actual agent responsiveness.
Disruption blocking in mobile devices
A do not disturb (DND) mode for telephonic devices, in which the DND mode is automatically deactivated after a time increment has elapsed, the DND mode having been activated based on detecting, upon receiving a telephone call, a selection of the control.
Telecommunications system and method which makes it possible to establish telecommunications with a vehicle user by means of the number plate
A communication system and method is disclosed which makes it possible to establish telecommunications with the vehicle user by the vehicle number plate code, making it possible to establish telecommunications with the vehicle owner by the public number and unique identification, thereby linking them to a communication system of the owner's choice (a mobile telephone number, e-mail, web profile or personal analog communication means), which is hidden from third parties, as well linking the users to certain pre-established communication functions (functionality codes), which respond to concrete needs of the users.
Mobile terminal and method of controlling a group operation therein
A mobile terminal and method of controlling a group operation therein are disclosed, by which tasks can be controlled with ease in a manner of designating one or more tasks to a task group in case of performing the one or more tasks simultaneously. The present invention includes a memory storing a task group including one or more tasks and a controller executing the one or more tasks belonging to the task group by a task group operation. And, the one or more tasks belonging to the task group are set to be correlated to each other. Moreover, if the one or more tasks belonging to the task group are executed by the task group operation, the controller simultaneously controls the one or more tasks by a single control operation.
Determining user's seating position in vehicle using barometer and motion sensors
A handheld electronic device determines its position in a moving vehicle based on changes in air pressure that occur when the vehicle undergoes acceleration. Based on a direction of acceleration that correlates to a subsequent reduction in air pressure, a determination is made as to whether the device is in the front left, front right, back left, or back right quadrant of the vehicle. The device then alters its configuration based on the quadrant in which it is located.
System and method for remotely controlling features of wireless mobile devices
Systems and methods of controlling features of a wireless mobile device are provided. The method includes a portable device, the portable device further includes a plurality of separate programs saved in memory, each of the plurality of programs is independently identified by a respective one or more bits of an identifier sequence, a wireless transceiver of the portable device that monitors a predetermined wireless spectrum and detects a beacon, a processor that decodes the detected beacon for an identifier including a sequence of bits, a processor that correlates a content of the identifier with at least one of the plurality of programs by matching the one or more bits of the identifier sequence of the one program with a content and location of one or bits of the identifier and a processor executing the one program.
Sensor-based user interface control
Methods and devices for sensor-based user interface control are disclosed. In one embodiment, a method for determining a characteristic of handedness includes sensing a rotation of a mobile device, determining a direction of rotation based at least in part on accessing information indicative of a first position state prior to sensing the rotation and accessing information indicative of a second position state subsequent to sensing the rotation, and determining the characteristic of handedness based at least in part on the direction of rotation, the first position state, and the second position state. The characteristic of handedness includes one of a left handedness or right handedness. The method further includes determining a user interface mode based on the characteristic of handedness determined, and controlling the mobile device in accordance with the user interface mode determined.
Header elimination for real time internet applications
The disclosed techniques provide for eliminating real-time transport protocol, RTP, extension bit X, marker bit M, time stamp and sequence number information and/or user data protocol, UDP, checksum information from the header of a packet for transmission.
Lossless connection failover for mirrored devices
The WAN optimization devices delay ACK until the ACK is actually received from the target while opening up the TCP window. When the ACK is received and forwarded, the TCP window is reduced in size. If there are mirrored WAN optimization devices, the original WAN optimization device sends the datagram across the WAN and at the same time sends the datagram to the mirroring WAN optimization device. When the mirroring WAN optimization device ACKs the mirrored datagram, the original WAN optimization device ACKs the host. When the ACK across the WAN is received, the mirroring WAN optimization device gets the ACK forwarded and deletes the mirrored datagram. On a loss of a device, the TCP connection transitions to the mirroring WAN optimization device, which closes the LAN TCP window and transmits all un-ACKed data. Then upon success the mirroring WAN optimization device reopens the LAN TCP window.
Method and system for dynamic interleaving
A network environment includes a client station coupled to a proxy server via a first network and one or more content servers coupled to the proxy server via a second network. A plurality of connections are established between the client station and the proxy server over the first network. Requests are dynamically interleaved over any of the connections to the proxy server by the client station. Content is retrieved for the requests from any of the content servers over the second network by the proxy server. Responses including retrieved content for respective requests are dynamically interleaved over any of the connections by the proxy server to the client station.
Data processing method and system
A data processing system relates to network communications technologies. A data buffering layer receives an operation request of a follower of a user having a long relation and of a client. The data buffer layer pushes the operation request to a service layer. The service layer receives the operation request pushed by the data buffering layer and caches the operation request according to a minimum storage unit. The minimum storage unit is determined by using the user having a long relation chain as a unit. The service layer determines a specified database that belongs to the user having a long relation chain and performs an operation on the specified database according to the operation request. The service layer determines the specified database according to a preset routing configuration when data cached in the minimum storage unit reaches a preset condition.
Virtual area based telephony communications
A persistent virtual area that supports establishment of respective presences of communicants operating respective network nodes connected to the virtual area even after all network nodes have disconnected from the virtual area is maintained. A presence in the virtual area is established for a user of a Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) terminal device. Transmission of data associated with the virtual area to the PSTN terminal device.
Communication management utilizing destination device user presence probability
An apparatus, system and method for forwarding a communication from a communication receiving device to a destination device based upon the identity of the user of the destination device.
Delivery of content
Future data connection quality may be predicted based on past data connection quality, and future requests for data may be predicted based on past requests. These predictions may be used to help decide whether, when, and/or how to deliver the data in a proactive manner. For example, according to some aspects described herein, a future data connection quality may be predicted based at least on historical data connection quality. It may be determined whether to pre-deliver at least a first portion of an item of content based at least on the predicted future data connection quality. If so, then the at least the portion of the item of content may be pre-delivered to the device and/or to another destination.
Systems and methods for identifying increased user interest and promoting content in a geographic information system
Systems and methods for identifying increased user interest in a geographic area and selecting and promoting content associated with such geographic area within a geographic information system are provided. One exemplary aspect relates to a computer-implemented method of promoting an item of content within a geographic information system. The geographic information system can comprise a plurality of geospatial data objects respectively representing a plurality of geographic areas. The plurality of geospatial data objects can be accessed by one or more client devices. The method includes identifying a first geospatial data object experiencing an increased volume of access. The method further includes selecting an item of content associated with a geographic area represented by the first geospatial data object and promoting the item of content within the geographic information system. An exemplary system includes a host server system in communication with one or more client devices over a network.
Method and apparatus for automatic service discovery and connectivity
Apparatus and methods for automatic service discovery and connectivity include acts of or components for retrieving service metadata associated with one or more service devices from a connectivity entity, wherein the service metadata comprises connectivity parameters, and configuring one or more links with at least one of the one or more service devices based on the service metadata. Further, the apparatus and methods may include acts of or components for using a service available from the one or more service devices through the one or more links.
Enhanced content consumption
Enhanced content consumption is provided by establishing a pairing between two computing devices, wherein at least one of the two computing devices provides a primary consumption experience of a digital content item, so that a secondary consumption experience can be provided via operation of at least one of the two computing devices. The method further comprises presenting, using at least one of the two computing devices, the digital content item for consumption by a user. The method further comprises performing one or more supplemental consumption functions with the other of the two computing devices.
Storage system architecture
A storage system is provided. The storage system includes a plurality of storage units, each of the plurality of storage units having storage memory for user data and a plurality of storage nodes, each of the plurality of storage nodes configured to have ownership of a portion of the user data. The storage system includes a first pathway, coupling the plurality of storage units such that each of the plurality of storage units can communicate with at least one other of the plurality of storage units via the first pathway without assistance from the plurality of storage nodes.
Entity registration in multiple dispersed storage networks
A method begins by receiving an access request for a user device. The method continues with the DS processing unit determining whether the user device has the DSN as a local DSN. When the user device does not have the DSN as the local DSN, the method continues with the DS processing unit determining whether the user device has a valid signed global certificate. When the user device does not have a valid signed global certificate, the method continues with the DS processing unit or by the user device sending a DSN registration request to the system authority unit. The method continues with the system authority unit generating the valid signed global certificate for the user device upon successful execution of processing the DSN registration request. The method continues with the DS processing unit executing the access request for the user device upon receipt of the valid signed global certificate.
Network system, node device group, sensor device group, and method for transmitting and receiving sensor data
Each node device has a sensor data saving information list storage section for storing a sensor data saving information list indicates a proper node device for saving each of sensor data among node devices according to an attribute of the sensor data. A sensor data arrangement section transfers each of the sensor data saved in sensor data storage sections of the node devices to the proper node device for saving the sensor data based on the sensor data saving information list.
Controlling storing of data
First characteristic information indicating a characteristic of input data is extracted from the input data that is input as data to be stored in any of the storages. Second characteristic information elements are read from a memory unit storing the second characteristic information elements indicating respective characteristics of stored data elements stored in the storages. A specific storage in which the input data is to be stored is determined, out of the storages, by determining a degree of match between the extracted first characteristic information and the second characteristic information elements read. The input data to the determined specific storage is read. The second characteristic information element indicating the characteristic of the stored data element stored in the specific storage is updated, out of the second characteristic information elements retained in the memory unit, on the basis of the extracted first characteristic information.
Method and system for synchronized distributed display over multiple client devices
Portable interactive devices of audience members are remotely operated to substantially “simultaneously” respond to a signal from an origin, e.g., a central server, despite variation in latencies among the devices in order to produce a shared experience. The audience members are reached through varying communication links. Latencies vary among portable interactive devices and among carriers. A firing time for the portable interactive devices is selected to occur at a time in the future. An execution time at which a respective portable interactive device is commanded to operate is a function of the firing time minus the latency control signal reaches clients in a venue in an audience or at a remote location simultaneously despite the varying latencies.
Reference count propagation
Methods and systems are provided for tracking object instances stored on a plurality of network nodes, which tracking enables a global determination of when an object has no references across the networked nodes and can be safely de-allocated. According to one aspect of the invention, each node has a local object store for tracking and optionally storing objects on the node, and the local object stores collectively share the locally stored instances of the objects across the network. One or more applications, e.g., a file system and/or a storage system, use the local object stores for storing all persistent data of the application as objects.
Mitigation of optimistic acknowledgement attacks in a computer protocol
A method for verifying receipt of data packets, including generating a plurality of data packets, wherein each of the plurality of data packets comprises entropy information, transmitting one or more of the plurality of data packets to a receiver, receiving a first hash from the receiver, wherein the first hash is based on the entropy information of the one or more of the plurality of data packets and validating the first hash to determine if the receiver received the one or more of the plurality of data packets. Systems and computer-readable media are also provided.
Location aware mass information distribution system and method
A system, node and method for location aware mass information distribution to peers. The method includes overlaying a distributed hash table (DHT) network over an existing physical communication network to which the peers are connected, wherein the DHT network is a peer to peer (P2P) network; providing at least one application layer multicast (ALM) protocol over the overlayed DHT network to form an ALM tree topology for the peers, wherein the ALM tree topology is based on location information of the peers; using the ALM tree topology for establishing logical connections within a group, between a leader of the group and peers of the group; and using the overlayed DHT network for establishing connections, between the leader and the peers, to be followed by a message to be distributed to the peers.
Method for providing incentive mechanisms for out-of-order download in communication networks dedicated to the distribution of video-on-demand content
The present invention concerns a method of transferring content from a first communication device to a second communication device in a communication network, comprising the following steps: defining a first probability, according to which a content can be encoded; defining a second probability, according to which a content can be chosen; upon request of content from said second communication device to said first communication device: encoding content with another content according to said first probability, said content being chosen with said second probability, and transferring content z=x XOR y from said first communication device to said second communication device, or according to probability 1−pe transferring unencoded content x from said first communication device to said second communication device.
Method for load balancing of requests' processing of diameter servers
A system, computer readable medium and method of load balancing of requests between Diameter-enabled network devices is disclosed. Processing occurs at a signal controller in communication with a first Diameter-enabled network device and a second Diameter-enabled network device, request handling capacity of at least the second Diameter-enabled network device. One or more tokens are allocated for inbound requests from the first Diameter-enabled network device to the second Diameter-enabled network device. The second Diameter-enabled network device is notified of the one or more allocated tokens for handling a corresponding number of requests from the first Diameter-enabled network device. Transmission of the corresponding number of requests from the first Diameter-enabled network device to the second Diameter-enabled network device is coordinated by the signal controller.
System and method for sharing unsupported document types between communication devices
An improved system and method for sharing a document between two communication devices that do not have an application that can display the document. In one example, the document is sent by the communication device that is sharing the document to a document server for processing into pages of one or more different document types, and both communication devices retrieve the stored pages as needed for display. The sharing communication device updates the other communication device when a new page is to be retrieved from the document server.
Learning values of transmission control protocol (TCP) options
A system includes a storage device and a processor. The storage device is configured to store a first set of values of TCP options for a first group of servers. The processor is configured to: transmit first requests to the first group of servers; receive first replies, in response to the first requests, from the first group of servers; determine the first set of values of the TCP options for the first group based on values in the first replies; store the first set of values in the storage device; receive a first message from a client to establish a connection between the client and a server in the first group of servers, and transmit, in response to the first message, a second message to the client.
Internet protocol communication accessibility improvement
Methods, devices, non-transitory processor-readable instructions, and systems for a VOIP application server associated with a VOIP application to improve performance of a target computing device for IP communications via the VOIP application. An embodiment method may include determining whether the target computing device is likely to be called using the VOIP application during a contact period, and directing the target computing device to adjust a performance setting for receiving an IP communication in response to determining a likelihood the device will be called during the contact period. When a call is likely, the performance setting may be raised via transmitting dummy traffic to target computing device, activating a quality-of-service on an Rx interface corresponding to the VOIP application and the target computing device, and/or transmitting a message directing the target computing device to utilize an aggressive slot cycle index setting or an aggressive discontinuous reception setting.
System and method for optimizing a communication session between multiple terminals involving transcoding operations
System and method for optimizing a transcoding session between multiple terminals are disclosed. The method determines properties of the transcoding session, including a number of terminals participating in the transcoding session, media characteristics supported by each terminal, a measure of performance of the transcoding session to be optimized, and optionally a proportion of time involved in the transcoding session for each terminal. Then a cost function characterizing the measure of performance of the transcoding session and depending on the above properties of the transcoding session is built, followed by optimizing the cost function with respect to said measure of performance to determine an optimal measure of performance for the transcoding session and optimal values for the media characteristics for each terminal. In one embodiment, codecs used by multiple terminals and computational complexity of the transcoding session are optimized. A corresponding system for optimizing the transcoding session is also provided.
Streaming video to cellular phones
A method, system, and computer program product for deploying data to a web server for streaming video to a mobile device. The method can include receiving a request for streaming video from a mobile device upon the resolving of the request by a DNS. The method can further include simultaneously sending both a request to a database for the video requested and a playlist for the video to the mobile device. The method can then include receiving the video from the database. The video received is sent as a sequence of blocks, where each block can further be comprised of a sequence of chunks. The method can even further include decompressing each block and storing each chunk on a web server. The method can further include an exchange of a security credential.
Streaming content over a network
Disclosed are embodiments for streaming content over a network. First content segments are generated such that the time durations of at least a subset of the first content segments progressively increase with respect to time. Second content segments are generated that are configured to be played subsequent to the first content segments. The second content segments have time durations that are substantially the same with respect to each other. The first content segments and the second content segments are transmitted to a client device.
Distributing communication of a data stream among multiple devices
Methods, apparatus and articles of manufacture for distributing communication of a data stream among multiple devices are disclosed. Example methods disclosed herein include receiving a request from a first one of a plurality of devices to establish a shared connection to distribute communication of a first data stream among the plurality of devices. Such example methods also include establishing, in response to the request, respective data connections with the plurality of devices based on device capability information obtained from a system providing service for the plurality of devices. Such example methods further include splitting the first data stream into a plurality of partial data streams to be communicated to the plurality of devices via the respective data connections, the partial data streams, when aggregated, forming the first data stream.
Acquiring online meeting data relating to an online meeting
A technique acquires online meeting data relating to an online meeting. The technique involves running, by processing circuitry, a set of programs (e.g., an operating system, a slideshow application, a word processing program, other programs, etc.) to carry out an online meeting which shares online meeting content among a set of users. The technique further involves performing, while the processing circuitry runs the set of programs to carry out the online meeting, a set of information collection operations by the processing circuitry. The set of information collection operations collects online meeting data from the set of programs. The collected online meeting data includes non-bitmap text-based information extracted from the set of programs (e.g., keywords, phrases, etc. obtained via procedure calls using standard APIs to the set of programs). The technique further involves storing, by the processing circuitry, the collected online meeting data in a designated location of computer memory.
System and method for providing enterprise voice call continuity
An improved system and method are disclosed for providing voice call continuity in an enterprise network. For example, an enterprise public branch exchange (PBX) may be configured with a pilot number that is used to provide VCC services when called by a client. Digit collection via DMTF signaling or other means may be used to collect destination information from the client. The enterprise network may use the collected digits to establish a communication session with another device that corresponds to the destination information.
Secure on-demand supply method and system and traffic type acquisition method
A secure on-demand supply method is disclosed. The method includes: a configuration parameter of a security function module is determined according to a security level set for requested traffic by a user, and/or an application scenario of a user terminal, and/or a traffic type; the security function module is configured by using the configuration parameter; and security protection is carried out on traffic data of the user. A traffic type acquisition method for protecting security of a specific user and/or traffic is disclosed. The method includes: a traffic identifier of data is acquired by using a traffic type classification function of a Quality of Service (QoS) function module, to protect the security of the specific user and/or traffic. The disclosure can provide various traffic security assurances according to security requirements of different users for different traffics.
Detecting and applying different security policies to active client requests running within secure user web sessions
A method, apparatus and computer program product to detect and apply security policy to active client requests within a secure user session begins by applying a first heuristic to a plurality of requests for a particular resource to identify a pattern indicating of an active client. In one embodiment, the heuristic evaluates a frequency of requests for the particular resource across one or more secure user sessions. Later, upon receipt of a new request for the particular resource, a determination is then made whether the new request is consistent with the pattern. If so, an action is taken with respect to a secure session policy.
Securing radio-frequency identification systems
In one embodiment, a method includes, by a base station, communicating a challenge to a transponder through a first communication link; and establishing a second communication link with the transponder. The second communication link is a capacitive link. The method also includes receiving a first response to the challenge through the first communication link with the transponder; sampling the second communication link to detect a signal corresponding to a second response to the challenge from the transponder; receiving the second response through the second communication link; and authorizing the transponder based on the first and second responses.
Apparatus and method for protecting communication pattern of network traffic
An apparatus for protecting traffic trend in a network of a control system using artificial communication is provided. In accordance with an embodiment, the apparatus includes a communication terminal device installed in a network and configured to create and filter artificial communication. A communication server device determines whether to create artificial communication at a current time in the communication terminal device, requests a transmitting side-communication terminal device to create artificial communication, and requests a receiving side-communication terminal device to filter the artificial communication.
Preventing network tomography in software defined datacenter networks
Technologies are provided for preventing abuse of software-defined datacenter networks. In some examples, an SDN abuse prevention module within a control layer of an SDN may use graph analysis rules and monitor network paths over time to detect and prevent abusive network conformation change command series. Instance-generated network paths may be analyzed to determine if the paths attempt to repeatedly traverse one or more sensitive network paths. If so, the paths may be implemented or denied based on, among other things, the time scale within which they attempt to repeatedly traverse the sensitive network paths.
Automatic content inspection system for exploit detection
A method of inspecting content intended for a workstation to detect content that performs malicious exploits, including receiving the content for inspection at an inspection server using a processor and memory, loading a virtual machine at the inspection server with an operating system and processes for activating the content, wherein the operating system and processes are similar to those executed at the intended workstation, activating the content in the virtual machine, tracing activity of the virtual machine to form trace data by using features of the processor, wherein upon occurrence of an exception control is transferred to an analyzer that analyzes the trace data based on a context of the exception; and a notification is provided if suspicious activity is detected.
System and method for detecting malicious traffic using a virtual machine configured with a select software environment
The system comprises a traffic analysis device in communication with a network device. The traffic analysis device can analyze network traffic received over a communication network and duplicate at least select network communications within the network traffic having characteristics associated with malicious traffic when the network communications are determined through heuristic analysis to satisfy a heuristic threshold. The network device comprises a controller in communication with one or more virtual machines that are configured to (i) receive the duplicated network communications from the traffic analysis device, (ii) monitor a behavior of a first virtual machine of the one or more virtual machines in response to processing of the duplicated network communications within the first virtual machine, (iii) identify an anomalous behavior as an unexpected occurrence in the monitored behavior, and (iv) determine, based on the identified anomalous behavior, the presence of the malicious traffic in the duplicated network communications.
Method and system for detecting network compromise
A method and system are described for detecting unauthorized access to one or more of a plurality of networked victim computers in a victim cloud. The networked victim computers connect to one or more DNS servers. The system includes one or more decoy bot computers, which are operated as victim computers in the victim cloud. The system also includes one or more decoy control computers, which are operated as control computers that communicate with victim computers in the victim cloud. Threats are identified by analyzing data traffic communicated with the decoy bot computers and decoy control computers for information suspected of having being sent from a victim's computer without proper authorization, and by monitoring whether behavior of a DNS server deviates from expected behaviors.
Security and access system based on multi-dimensional location characteristics
An invention is provided for system security and access based on multi-dimensional location characteristics. The invention includes collecting contextual information characterizing a specific location during a first time period utilizing a contextual data collection device (CDCD), wherein the contextual information indicates specific characteristics of the location and is collected at the location. Then, a contextual location fingerprint (CLF) is created based on the collected contextual information. In general, the CLF is a data space of values mapped over specific period of time. In operation, new contextual information is collected at a location occupied by a device to be verified during a second time period. The new contextual information then is compared to the CLF and authenticating the device fir the new contextual information is within predefined parameters of the CLF.
System and method for dynamic access control based on individual and community usage patterns
Systems and methods include receiving data corresponding to a request to access a resource by an identity provided with authority to access the resource. Systems and methods include determining whether the identity is a member of a community based on associating data. The community includes identities as members thereof. Systems and methods include determining a risk level associated with the request. The risk level is determined using a history of access of the resource by a particular member the community if the identity is a member of the community. The risk level is determined using a history of access of the resource by the identity if the identity is not a member of the community. Systems and methods include determining an access policy based on the risk level associated with the request. The access policy indicates whether access to the resource by the identity is to be restricted.
Method and apparatus for managing access to electronic content
According to at least one example embodiment, a method and corresponding content protection server for managing access to electronic content comprise retrieving access policies, or permissions, associated with a content item from a corresponding content sharing application, or rights issuer. The access policies are translated into a format recognizable by a digital rights management (DRM) engine, and forwarded to the DRM engine. The translated access policies are then provided by the DRM engine to a client device where the translated access policies are enforced in managing any potential access to the content item.
Data volume scaling for storing indexed data
Embodiments are directed towards a system and method for a cloud-based front end that may abstract and enable access to the underlying cloud-hosted elements and objects that may be part of a multi-tenant application, such as a search application. Search objects may be employed to access indexed objects. An amount of indexed data accessible to a user may be based on an index storage limit selected by the user, such that data that exceeds the index storage limit may continue to be indexed. Also, one or more projects can be elastically scaled for a user to provide resources that may meet the specific needs of each project.
Dynamically applying a control policy to a network
A method of dynamically applying a control policy to a network is described. A network layer of a plurality of network layers associated with user traffic is determined. A portion of a control policy corresponding to the network layer and the user traffic is accessed. Then, the portion is sent to a security device associated with the network layer, the portion being configured to be applied by the security device to the network layer and the user traffic.
Methods and apparatuses for secure end to end communication
The present invention relates to application-level secure end-to-end communication. Specifically it relates to methods apparatuses and computer program products for creating and distributing a shared secret and to sending or receiving messages between an embedded device and a user device via a cloud server.
Apparatus and method for providing location based security for communication with a remote device
A method for providing location based security for communication between a remote device and a mobile device having a global positioning system receiver for determining its current position. The method comprises receiving geographic data from the remote device, determining if the mobile device is within a predetermined geographic region based on the geographic data and the current position, and enabling subsequent communication with the remote device when the current position is within the predetermined geographic region.
Different authentication profiles
A mobile device may include an authenticator and a processor. The authenticator may store one or more profiles associated with one or more keys to access one or more servers. The processor may embed one of the keys in data to be communicated to one of the servers to request access from the one of the servers. The authenticator may compare the one or more profiles to a set of parameters based upon at least one of a user's identification information, a selected program to request access, identification information of the one of the servers, identification information of an authentication register, to determine whether to select one of the profiles. If the authenticator selects one of the profiles, the authenticator may generate the one of the keys based on the selected one of the profiles.
Identification delegation for devices
A first communication session is conducted between a media device and a mobile device. The first communication session includes requesting an authorization code from the mobile device and receiving the authorization code from the mobile device. The mobile device acts as an intermediary for obtaining authentication from a content server. The mobile device initiates a second communication session with a provider authorization service of the content server. The second communication session includes obtaining a token from the provider authorization service using the authorization code. The media device initiates a third communication session with the content server. The third communication session includes utilizing the token to obtain content from the content server. The system automatically attempts to renew the token in response to an expiration of the token.
Authorization of joining of transformation chain instances
The authorizing of transformation chain instances of different transformation chain classes to join so as to act as a compound transformation chain instance. Class-level authorized dependencies are identified between transformation chain classes. Then, instance-level authorization is performed in accordance with one or more joining criteria, presuming that the instances are of appropriate classes that may be joined. The joining allows the instances to act as a single compound transformation chain whereby data is permitted to flow across the boundaries of the constituent transformation chain instances. New transformation chain instances may be joined to the compound transformation chain instances, and transformation chain instances may be removed from the compound transformation chain instance, thereby dynamically changing the compound application.
System and method for redirected firewall discovery in a network environment
A method is provided in one example embodiment that includes receiving metadata from a host over a metadata channel. The metadata may be correlated with a network flow and a network policy may be applied to the connection. In other embodiments, a network flow may be received from a host without metadata associated with the flow, and a discovery redirect may be sent to the host. Metadata may then be received and correlated with the flow to identify a network policy action to apply to the flow.
Messaging system having multiple number, dual mode phone support
A social messaging hub provides communication services for a data enabled device having Internet network access capabilities. The social messaging hub communicates with the data enabled device over the Internet or cellular data networks, and interfaces with a message infrastructure including mobile carriers, message aggregators, message exchanges and various specialized social messaging services to enable bi-directional messaging communication. The user is given a registered phone number and unique IP addressable identification which serve as a source and destination identifier of the associated data enabled device. Messages may originate in or be delivered to other users' mobile telephones or in similarly equipped and provisioned IP data enabled devices. An application operating on the IP enabled device determines in conjunction with the social messaging hub a mode of transmission as a function of parameters including device location and destination of a message.
Dynamically managing social networking groups
Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for dynamically managing social networking groups according to embodiments of the present invention are provided. A particular embodiment includes detecting a predetermined number of user devices within a specified physical area; and in response to detecting the predetermined number of user devices within the specified physical area, creating a social networking group corresponding to the specified physical area. Another embodiment includes detecting a predetermined number of user devices exiting a specified physical area, each user device associated with a user belonging to a social networking group corresponding to the specified physical area; and in response to detecting the predetermined number of user devices exiting the specified physical area, destroying the social networking group after a duration following the detection of the predetermined number of users of the social networking group exiting the specified physical area.
Structuring notifications of events to users in a social networking system
A social networking system identifies an event based on a thread including messages from users of the social networking system and communicates invitations to the event to one or more invited users. The social networking system receives a response to an invitation from a responding user and identifies a group of users invited to the event that have not responded to the invitation. From the users invited to the event that have not responded to the invitation, a subset of users having a threshold affinity to the responding user are selected. The social networking system notifies the subset of users of the responding user's response to the invitation and may also provide the subset of users with a suggestion for attending the event.
Scalable message fidelity
Message content is scaled to support rich messaging. Devices and associated messaging systems can support various levels of content richness or fidelity. Message content scaling is employed to ensure sharing of content in as rich a manner as possible given limitations associated with various messaging systems, among other things. Messages can be scaled down or degraded, for instance where communicating devices do not support high fidelity content being transmitted. Alternatively, messages can be scaled up or enriched in cases, where low fidelity content is transmitted to a device supporting richer content, for example.
System and method for transmission of data
A system and method for data communication connecting on-line networks with on-line and off-line computers. The present system provides for broadcast of up to the minute notification centric information thereby providing an instant call to action for users who are provided with the ability to instantaneously retrieve further detailed information. The notification centric portions of information is wirelessly broadcast to wireless receiving devices which are attached to computing devices. Upon receipt of the information at the personal computer, the user is notified through different multimedia alerts that there is an incoming message. Wirelessly broadcasted URL's, associated with the data, are embedded in data packets and provide an automated wired or wireless connection back to the information source for obtaining detailed data.
Enhanced buddy list using mobile device identifiers
A graphical user interface on a display device of a computer enables communications using a computer service. The graphical user interface includes a list of potential message recipients selected by a user as significant to the user. The graphical user interface also includes a mobile device identifier associated with one or more of the listed potential message recipients and a user account identifier associated with one or more of the listed potential message recipients. At least one of the listed potential recipients includes a mobile device identifier as the only available conduit for data delivery to the potential message recipient using the computer service.
Techniques for scalable and foolproof virtual machine move handling with virtual port channels
Techniques are provided for managing movements of virtual machines in a network. At a first switch, a virtual machine (VM) is detected. The VM is hosted by a physical server coupled to the first switch. A message is sent to other switches and it indicates that the VM is hosted by the physical server. When the first switch is paired with a second switch as a virtual port channel (vPC) pair, the message includes a switch identifier that identifies the second switch. A receiving switch receives the message from a source switch in the network comprising a route update associated with the VM. A routing table of the receiving switch is evaluated to determine whether the host route is associated with a server facing the physical port. The message is examined to determine it contains the switch identifier.
Streamlined system for the transmission of network resource data
A client system of a network resource service, the network resource service administering a plurality of distributed network resources, the client system comprising: a computer processor for executing stored instructions to: receive over a proximity based wireless communication a network resource identifier of a network resource of the plurality of network resources and a service identifier of the network resource service, the service identifier defining a network address of the network resource service on a communications network configured for non-proximity based communication; and transmit application data to the network resource addressed to the network address on the communications network for subsequent processing by the network resource.
The invention is directed to techniques for supporting multi-link protocols within a computer network. In one embodiment, a method includes receiving a set of data blocks from a plurality of links in one or more interface cards according to a multi-link protocol and sending the data blocks to a multi-link service card for sequencing. The data blocks may then be sent to the one or more interface cards for communication to a destination device over a computer network. Implementing a multi-link service card may allow a network device, such as a router, to support multi-link protocols.
Intelligent switching of client packets among a group of servers
The content-aware application switch and methods thereof intelligently switch client packets to one server among a group of servers in a server farm. The switch uses Layer 7 or application content parsed from a packet to help select the server and to schedule the transmitting of the packet to the server. This enables refined load-balancing and Quality of-Service control tailored to the application being switched. In an exemplary embodiment of the invention, a method includes maintaining a server load metric for each server in a group of servers; parsing application content from a packet; selecting a destination server from the group of servers, wherein selecting the destination server is dependent on the server load metric for each server, assigning a priority to the packet, the priority being dependent on the application content; and dropping the packet if the priority comprises at least one of a predetermined type.
System and method for classifying and managing applications over compressed or encrypted traffic
System and methods for identifying and managing applications over compressed or encrypted traffic in a network are described. The first and second embodiments, which provides a method for managing applications over compressed or encrypted traffic respectively, comprise identifying applications on the traffic, saving the application classification per connection, and propagating the application classification to the network. A method for providing application identification over compressed or encrypted traffic is also disclosed, which includes an application recognition module configured to, among other functions, determine an application classifier for compressed or encrypted traffic without applying an application classification process, and utilize the application classification for previous packets originating from the connection for the current packets from the same connection.
Using statistical and historical information of topology metrics in constrained networks
Statistical and historical values of performance metrics are actively used to influence routing decisions for optimum topologies in a constrained network. Traffic service level is constantly monitored and compared with a service level agreement. If deviation exists between the monitored traffic service level and the terms of the service level agreement, stability metrics are used to maintain paths through the network that meet the terms of the traffic service level agreement or that improve the traffic flow through the network. Backup parent selection for a node in the network is performed based on previous performance of backup parents for the node.
Packet transfer apparatus and packet relay method
It is provided a packet transfer apparatus comprising: a packet reception part; a packet transmission part; a packet generation part for generating an own-apparatus-originated packet serving as a packet for instructing a predetermined operation and outputting the own-apparatus-originated packet; a packet search part for determining a content of flow control and searching for an output circuit; a search memory for storing the content of the flow control and information for identifying the output circuit outputting the packet; and a packet transfer processing part. The packet reception part determines whether the received packet is the own-apparatus-originated packet; and outputs a self-origination flag indicating a result of the determining and header information of the received packet to the packet search part. The packet search part determines the content of the flow control for the received packet by referring to the search memory based on the self-origination flag and the header information.
Communications over multiple protocol interfaces in a computing environment
According to one aspect of the present disclosure, a system for communications over multiple protocol interfaces in a computing environment includes a processor and a memory storing interface logic executable by the processor to: identify a first communications protocol of a network interface for egress data packet communications; responsive to the identified first communications protocol of the network interface differing from a second communications protocol to be used for the data packet communications, derive fragmentation data according to a data packet fragmentation protocol corresponding to the second communications protocol; generate an application layer header for the data packet communications; store values of the fragmentation data in select fields of the application layer header; fragment the data packet communications according to the data packet fragmentation protocol; and transmit the data packet communications including the application layer header over the identified network interface.
Differential forwarding in address-based carrier networks
The invention relates to enabling differential forwarding in address-based carrier networks such as Ethernet networks. There is described a method of and connection controller for establishing connections (76, 77) in a frame-based communications network comprising nodes (71-75 and 78) such as Ethernet switches. The connections are established by configuring, in various of the nodes, mappings for forwarding data frames, such as Ethernet frames. The mappings are from a combination of a) a destination (or source) address corresponding to a destination (or source) node (73) of the connection and b) an identifier, such as a VLAN tag. The mappings are to selected output ports of the various nodes. By using the combination of destination (or source) address AND identifier, the mappings enable data frames belonging to different connections (76, 77) to be forwarded differentially (ie forwarded on different output ports) at a node (75) despite the different connections having the same destination node. This enables flexibility in routing connections and the ability to perform traffic engineering.
Double experimental (EXP) quality of service (QoS) markings for MPLS packets
Techniques are described for applying double experimental (EXP) quality of service (QoS) markings to Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) packets. According to the techniques, an edge router of an MPLS network is configured to map a Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) marking for customer traffic to at least two EXP fields of at least two different labels included in a MPLS packet encapsulating the customer traffic. In this way, the edge router may map the full DSCP marking across the first and second EXP fields to provide full resolution QoS for the customer traffic over the MPLS network. The techniques also include a core router of an MPLS network configured to identify a QoS profile for a received MPLS packet based on a combination of a first EXP field of a first label and a second EXP field of a second label included in the MPLS packet.
Apparatus and method to hide transit only multi-access networks in OSPF
In one embodiment, a first router determines whether a network coupling the first router to one or more second routers is transit-only, wherein transit-only indicates connecting only routers to provide for transmission of data from router to router. When the network is transit-only, the first router generates an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) Link State Advertisement (LSA) that includes an address for the network and a designated network mask. The designated network mast operates as a transit-only identification that indicates the address should not be installed in a Routing Information Base (RIB) upon receipt of the OSPF LSA at the one or more second routers. When the network is not transit-only, the first router generates an OSPF LSA that includes the address for the network but does not include the designated network mask, to permit installation of the address in a RIB upon receipt of the OSPF LSA at the one or more second routers.
Methods, systems, and computer readable media for providing for specification or autodiscovery of device under test (DUT) topology information
The subject matter described herein includes methods, systems, and computer readable media for providing for specification or autodiscovery of DUT topology information and for using the DUT topology information to generate DUT-topology-specific test results. One exemplary method includes, providing for specification or autodiscovery of DUT topology information associated with or more devices under test (DUT). The method further includes transmitting test packets to the at least one DUT. The method further includes receiving packets transmitted from or through the at least one DUT. The method further includes using the DUT topology information and the received packets to generate DUT-topology-specific test results.
Method and system of enhancing signal processing in a shared medium network
A method implemented in a device is disclosed for networking through signals transmitted across a shared medium network. The method starts with monitoring for a first signal on a shared medium of the shared medium network. The first signal is processed after it is received and while the first signal is being processed, a set of one or more signals is received on the shared medium. Then a set of one or more amplitude increases is determined, where each amplitude increase is from an earlier received signal to a later received signal. The set of one or more amplitude increases is compared to a threshold value and at least partially in response to the comparison, the device discards one or more signals from the first signal and the set of one or more signals.
System and method for audience segment profiling and targeting
A system and method for audience segment profiling and targeting. The method includes providing a Web server and receiving each of the inbound request messages from one of the Web browsers in the Web server. Selected data contained in each of the inbound request messages is extracted including a UserAgent string and an IP address associated with the inbound request message. A hash ID is generated from the extracted data to uniquely identify each user associated with inbound request messages which is used to augment traditional means for identifying a user such as using a LSO or Cookie when such a LSO or Cookie are not present.
Flow systems and methods
Systems and methods for process flow tracking are presented. In one embodiment, a flow method comprises collecting records associated with flow for post analysis; performing a flow connection process associated with the flow, wherein the flow connection process examines information in a hash table and connects flow segments based upon connect ID; and performing a presentation process in which the flow is visualized, searched and traversed. In one exemplary implementation, a flow connection process utilizes a hash table that draws a correlation between the connect ID and a connect-start record or a connect-end record.
Electronic device having network auto-switching functions and network auto-switching method utilized in electronic device
The disclosure provides an electronic device having network auto-switching functions and a network auto-switching method utilized in an electronic device. The electronic device comprises: a first network connecting unit having a first network transmission specification; and a second network connecting unit having a second network transmission specification different from the first network transmission specification. The network auto-switching method comprises: utilizing a detecting unit for detecting network connecting statuses of the first network connecting unit and the second network connecting unit to generate a detecting result; utilizing a network access unit for determining to select the first network connecting unit or the second network connecting unit to perform a network connecting operation or to not perform the network connecting operation at least according to the detecting result.
Media gateway device and method for forwarding data frames
The present invention provides a media gateway device and a method for forwarding data frames. The media gateway device comprises: a master module, a switch module, a relay access module and a media resource module; the switch module comprises three independent Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs), i.e., a first VLAN, a second VLAN and a third VLAN, respectively; the media resource module is connected to the switch module through the second VLAN, and the switch module is connected to an external Internet Protocol (IP) packet network through the third VLAN; the media gateway device further comprises a network layer static routing table. By using the media gateway device and the method for forwarding data frames according to the present invention, the number of the external interfaces of the media gateway device can be reduced, and the interface of the switch module can be managed by the VLAN.
Method and arrangement for optimization of network element settings
The invention relates to method and arrangement for automated optimization of network element settings in a wireless network. For a first optimization state, a first forward triggering condition and a first range of network element settings, allowable in first network element settings optimization are determined. For a further automated optimization state, determining a further forward triggering condition, and a further range of network element settings, allowable in a further network element setting optimization. An initial set of network element settings is assigned to an initial automated optimization state. The first forward triggering condition is evaluated and a migration to the first automated optimization state is performed upon fulfillment of the first forward triggering condition. A further forward triggering condition is evaluated and a migration to a further automated optimization state is performed upon the further forward triggering condition. The migrating is repeated until reaching a final automated optimization state.
Communication device for a redundantly operable industrial communication network and method for operating the communication device
A communication device for a redundantly operable industrial communication network comprises at least one first and one second transmitting and receiving unit each having an interface for a network connection of the industrial communication network. A signal processing unit is connected to the first and second transmitting and receiving units. A singly linked network node is connected to the signal processing unit via a coupling element. The signal processing unit is connected to the coupling element via a first and second interface. In this case, the first interface is provided exclusively for communicating data packets received by the first receiving unit, while the second interface is provided exclusively for communicating data packets received by the second receiving unit.
Data center node management
A distributed computing system may allow multiple devices to distribute master node responsibilities. The various nodes in the system may be given unique, sequenced, node identifiers, and may periodically report their status to a central monitor or current master node. A comparison of the report time stamps and node identifiers, made against the node identifier of the current master node, may yield a determination as to whether the current master node should be replaced.
Automated interface apparatus and method for use in semiconductor wafer handling systems
Aspects of the present disclosure describe a smart docking station. The smart docking station may contain a data transfer and an electrical connection which allow a sensor wafer to be charged and to upload and download data. The smart docking station may be located at an off-track storage position above a tool. This location enables an automated materials handling system (AMHS) to retrieve the sensor wafer and deliver it to a tool requiring analysis. The sensor wafer may be stored in a smart front opening unified pod (FOUP). It is emphasized that this abstract is provided to comply with the rules requiring an abstract that will allow a searcher or other reader to quickly ascertain the subject matter of the technical disclosure. It is submitted with the understanding that it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope or meaning of the claims.
Streaming content delivery system and method
A method of providing media content from a server to a client device, by providing a URL which allows access to media content by client the device, receiving a request from the client device for the media content corresponding to the single URL; determining an operating system of the client device requesting the media content; selecting a delivery protocol to stream to the client device based on the determined operating system; and providing said client device a streaming media file based on the selected delivery protocol, wherein the determination of the operating system of the client device includes parsing a user-agent string of the client device making the request.
System and method for mitigating multicast message duplication in a wireless network
According to one embodiment of the invention, a method for mitigating duplication of multicast data streams to wireless client devices. The method comprises the operations of detecting, by one or more network devices, a multicast message, and controlling, by the one or more network devices, a forwarding of information within the multicast message to a network device handling multicast data transmissions. The forwarding is controlled based on information within the multicast message and the presence of such information in prior established data structure.
Semiconductor integrated circuit and operating method thereof
A semiconductor integrated circuit includes a first wireless access system reception unit including a first analog reception unit and a first digital reception unit, a voltage-controlled oscillator, a phase locked loop, and a digital interface. The first analog reception unit comprises a first reception mixer for down-converting an RF reception signal into a first analog reception signal and a first analog-digital converter for converting the first analog reception signal into a first digital reception signal. The first wireless access system reception unit, the voltage-controlled oscillator, and the phase locked loop enable switching from a reception operation for a first RF reception signal of a first system to a reception operation for a second RF reception signal of a second system.
System and method for adaptive channel estimation based on data activity
A station performing a method to toggle a channel estimation setting between a full channel estimation that includes estimating the channel based upon a predetermined number of received reference symbols prior to a current subframe and a partial channel estimation that includes estimating the channel based upon a subset of the predetermined number of received reference symbols. The method includes changing the setting from full to partial when a predetermined number of consecutive subframes immediately prior to the current subframe had no downlink allocated and a reliability value indicates that control signals are capable of being reliably received. The method also includes changing the setting from partial to full when the current subframe had a downlink allocated thereto or the reliability value indicates that the control signals are incapable of being received to estimate the channel using the partial channel estimation.
Prioritizing messages within a message network
A system and a method are disclosed for recommending electronic messages in a message sharing system. Users can post messages to the message sharing system. These messages from posting users are received by the system and sent to receiving users that have subscribed to the posting users. The receiving users interact with the messages in various ways, such as by sharing the messages with other users. Interaction information is received for each of the electronic messages. The interaction information includes an indication of the number of interactions with the electronic message by receiving users. A score is determined for each electronic message based on the interaction information. Electronic messages are selected for being recommended to a user or a group of users based on the scores. The recommendations are then sent to the users, enabling users to better focus their attention on messages that are likely to be interesting.
Field aware virtual connection discovery
A method for field aware virtual connection discovery is described. In an embodiment, a set of virtual connection domains and a set of virtual connection connectors are determined from a network. Each of the virtual connection connectors defines a connection between two or more of the virtual connection domains. An initial virtual connection connector is selected and added to a virtual connection map. A packet is generated which represents the selected virtual connection connector. The packet is flooded through the virtual connection domains and virtual connection connectors. Each virtual connection domain or virtual connection connector which the packet passes through is added to the virtual connection map. After the flooding is complete, the virtual connection map is displayed.
Multi-user integrated task list
Solutions for providing integrated task list functionality. Some such solutions use a user supersystem as a communications hub to generate, display, and/or handle user-based tasks for a family group. For example, tasks may be assigned to one or more members of the family and associated with various types of dates, rewards, audits, etc. Family members may then interact with the tasks through the communications hub and/or through other devices (e.g., cell phones, etc.).
Robust control plane assert for protocol independent multicast (PIM)
Techniques are described for providing robust control plane asserts in a network using Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) or other routing protocols for controlling delivery of multicast traffic. In one example, a router includes a control unit having a hardware-based processor executing a Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) protocol. The control unit, when executing the PIM protocol, initiates an election process for selecting, from a plurality of routers, a forwarding router to forward multicast traffic to a shared media computer network. In addition, the control unit determines whether the multicast traffic has been received by the router and outputs, in association with the election process, a PIM assert message that includes an indication as to whether the router has successfully received the multicast traffic.
Method and apparatus for use in an IP multimedia subsystem
A method is provided for use in an IP Multimedia Subsystem, IMS, in which a session control protocol (such as the Session Initiation Protocol, SIP) is used to establish and manage sessions within the IMS. The method comprises using session control protocol messages (such as Session Initiation Protocol messages) to carry node-specific charging information, where the charging information is required for charging purposes at a charging control system of the IMS. A private header part (such as a P-Charging-Vector header) of the session control messages may be used to carry the node-specific charging information. The node-specific charging information may comprise charging data and at least one of: an indication of the type of the charging data; a name or identifier of the node, allowing the node to update charging data which relates to the node and which is carried by a session control message received by the node; and an indication of the version of the charging data, a different version indication being used to indicate different charging data; node name; version number; data name; and value. At least one session control protocol message may be used to carry node-specific charging information relating to a plurality of different nodes.
Method for encrypting a plurality of data in a secure set
A server-implemented method encrypting at least two pieces of indexed data as lists of elements, each element belonging to a finite set of indexed symbols on an alphabet. The data is encrypted to form a protected set, including: the server randomly generates, for each datum, a corresponding encoding function; if at least one element that constitutes a datum is the symbol of the alphabet, the server determines the image of the symbol of the alphabet via the encoding function corresponding to the datum to obtain a codeword coordinate and adds the codeword coordinate to an indexed set corresponding to the element of the alphabet; then the server completes the indexed set with error-inducing points; the server randomly reindexes the elements of the indexed set corresponding to the symbol of the alphabet; and the server adds the indexed set to the protected set. The method can identify an individual.
Cryptic notes and related apparatus and methods
A computer-implemented method is described. A message is received from a user via a user interface of a computer device. The message includes at least first and second portions. A virtual cryptic note is generated that includes the first portion of the message arranged in a first orientation, and the second portion of the message arranged in a second orientation that is rotated relative to the first orientation, with the second portion of the message overlapping the first portion of the message. The virtual cryptic note is provided to the user. Cryptic notes can be useful and entertaining, particularly when used online, in email and/or in social media.
A method of storing a file is provided. The method includes splitting the file into a plurality of file chunks and encrypting each file chunk of the plurality of file chunks. The method also includes generating a first security key that decrypts a first encrypted file chunk of the plurality of encrypted file chunks and storing ones of the plurality of encrypted file chunks at a second location separate and distinct from the first location. The method also includes storing a second security key that decrypts a second encrypted file chunk of the plurality of file chunks at the first encrypted file chunk where access is gained to the second security key when the first encrypted file chunk is decrypted using the first security key.
Apparatus and associated method for providing communication bandwidth in communication system
An apparatus and an associated method selects rates at which received signals are sampled in a multi-user communication system. The signals are sampled at initial sampling rates during a first period. An estimate is made of the number of received signals, and selection is made of an updated sampling rate, based in part upon the estimate.
Synchronous reset and phase detecting for interchain local oscillator (LO) divider phase alignment
Certain aspects of the present invention provide methods and apparatus for synchronizing frequency-divided oscillating signals associated with multiple radio frequency (RF) paths to be in-phase. For certain aspects, a reset pulse is input to synchronization logic for a particular RF path, and this logic retimes the reset pulse to a local synthesizer clock in this RF path. The retimed reset pulse drives the reset input of a local frequency divider for this RF path and is also appropriately delayed, buffered, and then daisy-chained to the synchronization logic in the next RF path to be repeated therein. By appropriately resetting the local frequency dividers using the synchronization logic in this manner, the frequency-divided oscillating signals for the RF paths are synchronized to operate in-phase with one another.
Communication method for aggregation of heterogeneous component carriers and communication device and wireless communication station using the same
Communication methods for aggregation of heterogeneous component carriers and communication devices and wireless communication stations using the same methods are proposed. In one embodiment, the proposed communication method is adapted to a wireless communication station and includes aggregating physical channel resources respectively corresponding to heterogeneous access technologies in a Layer 2 or below the Layer 2 in a protocol stack; and communicating with at least one wireless terminal communication device through the physical channel resources respectively corresponding to the heterogeneous access technologies, wherein the physical channel resources respectively corresponding to heterogeneous access technologies are heterogeneous component carriers. The physical channel resources may be heterogeneous component carriers, such as radio component carrier(s), optical component carrier(s), and/or acoustic component carrier(s).
Hybrid joint processing for use in a radio access network
A method of joint processing of data in a radio access network (RAN) that includes a plurality of radio nodes each associated with a cell and a services node operatively coupled to the radio nodes is provided. The services node provides connectivity to a core network. The method includes determining that a plurality of first UEs (User Equipment) each being serviced by a selected set of the cells is to operate in accordance with a hybrid joint processing scheme. Information is transferred between the plurality of first UEs and the radio nodes in accordance with the hybrid joint processing scheme by performing L1 layer processing on the radio nodes and L2 layer processing at the services node.
Timer management in wireless communication
This invention relates to techniques for managing a timer used in transmission or reception of data units in wireless communication. To better use the resources in a transceiver, one timer is used. Depending on how the data units being handled, the timer can be used to control a transceiver to retry transmission of data units or purge data units.
Radio communication device and constellation control method
A base station is provided for receiving an acknowledgement or negative acknowledgement (ACK/NACK) signal, including a transmitting unit configured to transmit a control signal using one or a plurality of CCE(s). The base station also includes a receiving unit configured to receive an ACK/NACK signal, the ACK/NACK signal being multiplied by an orthogonal sequence, by a sequence defined by a cyclic shift, and by either a first value or a second value, wherein the first value rotates a constellation of the ACK/NACK signal by 0 degrees and the second value rotates the constellation of the ACK/NACK signal by N degrees, which is different from 0 degrees.
Method and apparatus for receiving data in wireless communication system supporting cooperative transmission
The present invention relates to a wireless communication system. A method for receiving data by a user equipment (UE) in a cooperative multi-point (CoMP) wireless communication system includes receiving downlink control information (DCI) that does not contain information indicating a transmission base station (BS) that actually transmits data among a plurality of BSs that participate in CoMP, receiving information about zero-power channel state information-reference signal (CSI-RS) of each of the plural BSs, and assuming that data is not mapped to a resource element of zero-power CSI-RS with a lowest index and receiving the data through a physical downlink control channel (PDSCH).
Wide area and local network ID transmission for communication systems
The embodiments utilize OFDM symbols to communicate network IDs. The IDs are encoded into symbols utilizing the network IDs as seeds to scramble respective pilots that are then transmitted by utilizing the symbols. The pilots can be structured into a single OFDM symbol and/or multiple OFDM symbols. The single symbol structure for transmitting the network IDs is independent of the number of network ID bits and minimizes frequency offset and Doppler effects. The multiple symbol structure allows a much coarser timing accuracy to be employed at the expense of transmitting additional symbols. Several embodiments employ a search function to find possible network ID candidates from a transmitted symbol and a selection function to find an optimum candidate from a network ID candidate list.
Data transmission method, base station, and user equipment
Embodiments of the present invention provide a data transmission method, a base station, and a user equipment. The data transmission method includes: determining, by a base station, a modulation and coding level and a time-frequency resource, and determining, in a first or second modulation and transport block size index table, a TBS index and a modulation mode, where a second TBS index is not smaller than a first TBS index; and sending service data and a system scheduling control signal to a user equipment by adopting the selected TBS. In this way, the base station can select a larger TBS to achieve a higher coding rate and increase a system throughput.
Method and apparatus for fast assistive transmission operation
A method for use in a wireless transmit/receive unit (WTRU) for receiving data over physical downlink shared channels from different cells, monitoring physical downlink control channels of a first cell for downlink control information associated with the WTRU, and recovering data from the physical downlink control channel in response to the downlink control information.
Transmission method, transmission device, receiving method, and receiving device
A transmitting device and a receiving device wherein, on the transmitting side, a signal creation unit creates, as its output, a signal generated adding up the signals assuming that different data has passed through multiple virtual channels and, on the receiving side, oversampling is performed, the sampled data is distributed, and signals are detected assuming that the distributed data is the output of multiple virtual reception antennas.
Method for transmitting enhanced control channel in a wireless communication system and apparatus therefor
The present invention relates to a method for transmitting a downlink control channel in a wireless communication system, and an apparatus therefor. Specifically, the method for transmitting an enhanced a physical downlink control channel (EPDCCH) from a serving cell comprises the steps of: forming a plurality of enhanced resource element groups (EREGs) by dividing available resource elements, comprised in one physical resource block (PRB) pair, into a predetermined number; forming an enhanced control channel element (ECCE), which is a resource allocation unit for the EPDCCH, by selecting one or more EREGs from among the plurality of EREGs; and transmitting the EPDCCH by means of the transmission resource allocated, for each ECCE, for the EPDCCH, wherein one or more EREGs forming the ECCE is selected on the basis of a cell identifier of the serving cell and/or an index of the one PRB pair.
Method and system for providing autonomous retransmissions in a wireless communication system
A transmitter that may have marginal power availability is enabled to autonomously retransmit previously transmitted frames containing the same data. The transmitter sends an initial frame to a base transceiver station (BTS) and immediately retransmits the same frame without regard to any ACK/NAK transmission from the BTS. The retransmissions are accumulated in the receiver and decoded after a sufficient quantity of the frame is transmitted. After receiving the last retransmitted frame the BTS sends an ACK/NAK to the transmitter that is accepted.
Adaptive data unit transmission and acknowledgment
In general, the subject matter described in this specification can be embodied in methods, systems, and program products for adaptive data unit transmission. A sliding window is filled with data units and designates a sliding window start position and a sliding window end position. A value for each of the data units in the sliding window is stored, the value representing a maximum number of times that each data unit is to be transmitted. The stored value is different among at least two of the data units. Data units are selected from the sliding window to be assembled into a packet. An assembled packet is transmitted to a receiving computerized device. A determination that the data unit positioned at the sliding window start position has been transmitted a maximum number of time is performed, and in response a different data unit is positioned at the sliding window start position.
Method and apparatus for soft output fixed complexity sphere decoding detection
Provided are an SFSD detection method and apparatus, and the method includes: QR decomposition is performed on a channel response matrix to acquire a Q matrix and an R matrix; the conjugate transpose of the Q matrix is multiplied by a received signal to acquire an equalized signal of the received signal; ML path detection is performed on the equalized signal, reserved nodes in respective layers are decreased layer by layer to acquire an ML path, and branches as many as iterations are reserved; ML complementary set path detection is performed on the branches, and all nodes of an acquired complementary set layer are reserved and reserved nodes in other layers are decreased layer by layer to acquire an ML complementary set path; and LLR information of each bit of each symbol of each layer is acquired according to the ML path and the ML complementary set path. For more-than-two-layer MIMO, the disclosure can acquire a detection performance approaching the ML performance and meet requirements on acceptable hardware implementation complexity.
Quadrature error detection and correction
In an example, there is disclosed a system and method for detecting and correcting error in a quadrature receiver (QR). The QR may include a receiver channel operable to divide a received RF signal into I and Q channels. The receiver channel may include error sources, such as (in sequence) pre-demodulation (PD) error, LO mixer error, and baseband (BB) error. Test tones may be driven on the receiver channel at a plurality of test frequencies, and a quadrature error corrector may be provided to detect error from each source. Upon receiving an RF signal, the quadrature error corrector may apply correction coefficients to correct each source of error in reverse sequence (BB, LO, PD).
Signaling for downlink coordinated multipoint in a wireless communication system
Embodiments herein describe apparatuses, systems, and methods for signaling to support downlink coordinated multipoint (CoMP) communications with a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication network. In embodiments, the UE may be configured with a plurality of channel state information (CSI) processes (e.g., via radio resource control (RRC) signaling) to use for providing CSI feedback to an evolved Node B (eNB) to support downlink CoMP communications. The UE may be configured with a plurality of sets of CSI processes. The UE may further receive a downlink control information (DCI) message from the eNB that indicates one of the configured sets of CSI processes on which the UE is to provide CSI feedback to the UE. The UE may generate the CSI feedback for the indicated set of CSI processes, and transmit the CSI feedback to the eNB in a CSI report.
Time sensitive transaction over an asynchronous serial link
A method of controlling data transmission from a transmitting unit to a receiving unit through an asynchronous serial link is provided. The method is performed by a controlling unit and includes the steps of sequentially receiving data and synchronization messages are sequentially received from the transmitting unit; sequentially parsing the messages received; and when a message parsed is a synchronization message, blocking relaying to the receiving unit, of the data messages following said synchronization message, until an event associated with the synchronization message occurs.
Method and system for protecting broadcast service/content in a mobile broadcast system, and method for generating short term key message therefor
A terminal and method for receiving a broadcast service by the terminal in a broadcast system are provided. The method includes performing a registration procedure for subscription and reception of the broadcast service through a Browser And Content Mobile Broadcast (BSCAST) Subscription Management (BSM) responsible for managing subscription information; receiving a Long Term Key Message (LTKM), including key information for encryption of the broadcast service, generated from the BSM; receiving a completed Short Term Key Message (STKM), the completed STKM being generated by performing Message Authentication Code (MAC) processing on a partially created STKM; receiving, from a Broadcast Service Distribution/Adaptation (BSD/A) which is responsible for transmitting the broadcast service, an encrypted broadcast service which is encrypted by a Traffic Encryption Key (TEK) for deciphering the broadcast service; and deciphering the encrypted broadcast service by the TEK obtained using the LTKM and the completed STKM.
System and method for visual message communication
The present disclosure generally relates to broadcasting and telecommunication and, more particularly, to broadcasting of text and visual messages over a geographical area. In one embodiment, a visual information broadcaster is disclosed, comprising: a hardware processor; and a memory coupled to the processor, wherein the memory comprises a plurality of modules capable of being executed by the processor to perform operations, and wherein the plurality of modules comprises: a receiving module configured to receive a first input comprising a string of characters selected from a text, an image, or a combination thereof, a transforming module configured to transform the first input into a first image having at least two dimensions; an encoder module configured to convert the first image into a one-dimensional signal waveform; and a modulator module configured to modulate the one-dimensional signal waveform for transmission via a modulated one-dimensional signal waveform.
Method and system for displaying data
A system is disclosing having a portable device, a computer, a network, and a display system. The portable device includes an input means for entering data and a wireless transceiver for transmitting the data and receiving messages. The computer includes an application and a display, the application includes a filter that checks the data against a list of words and indicates on the display if the data contains at least one of the words. The network is operatively connected to the portable device and the computer. The display system is connected to the computer and includes a display screen where the data is automatically displayed on the display screen for a predetermined period of time.
Self-calibration technique for carrier aggregation receivers
A technique to provide calibration in a receiver that receives multiple carriers and uses multiple receive signal paths to down-convert and process the multiple carrier signals.
Methods and apparatus for consumer testing of an NFC device
Near-field communication (NFC) test apparatus and methods for use by a consumer to confirm the functionality of the NFC circuitry of his or her NFC-enabled mobile device, and/or to troubleshoot wireless (NFC) communications problems of the mobile device. In an embodiment, a method includes initializing, by a mobile device processor, a NFC test application, displaying on a mobile device display screen a prompt for the consumer to position the mobile device onto a test platform that includes at least one NFC tag, initializing the NFC circuitry of the mobile device to power and communicate with the at least one NFC tag, and displaying an indication on the mobile device display screen concerning functionality of the NFC circuitry.
Communications system using adaptive frequency notching
A communications system includes a receiver unit connected with a transmission channel. The receiver unit determines a signal power of a first communications signal received over the transmission channel. A transmitter unit is connected with the transmission channel and transmits a second communications signal, wherein a gain of the communications signal being output by the transmitter unit is controllable. A control unit controls the gain of the transmitter unit in response to the determined signal power. At the receiver unit, detection of broadcast signal ingress during data communication is improved and methods for avoiding disturbances between coexisting communications systems may become more reliable. Different distances between successive training symbols suitable for channel estimation may be provided to enhance the noise measurement.
Method to trigger in-device coexistence interference mitigation in mobile cellular systems
A method to trigger in-device coexistence (IDC) interference mitigation is provided. A wireless device comprises a first radio module and a co-located second radio module. The first radio module measures a received radio signal based on a plurality of sampling instances. A control entity obtains Tx/Rx activity of the second radio module and informs Tx/Rx timing information to the first radio module. The first radio module determines a measurement result based on the obtained timing information. The first radio module triggers an IDC interference mitigation mechanism if the measurement result satisfies a configurable condition. In one embodiment, the first radio module reports IDC interference information and traffic pattern information of the second radio module to a base station for network-assisted coexistence interference mitigation. The IDC triggering mechanism prevents unnecessary and arbitrary IDC request from the device and thus improves network efficiency.
Optical conversion system and method with multiple phase processing
A photonic processor can include a first input for a phase-modulated optical pulse signal, a second input for an optical reference signal, and a plurality of states. Each stage is configured to receive the phase-modulated optical pulse signal and a phase-delayed version of the optical reference signal. The phase-delayed version is phase-delayed in accordance with a phase position of the stage. Each stage is comprised of a reference path, a signal path, a coupler and a balanced photo detector. The coupler receives the phase-modulated optical pulse signal and provides as stage phase-modulated optical pulse signal to the signal path. The signal path is coupled to a first input of the balanced photo detector. The coupler also receives the phase-delayed version and provides a stage optical reference signal to the reference path. The reference path is coupled to a second input of the detector. The detector provides an electronic output signal corresponding to a phase relationship.
High-speed low-jitter communication system
Communication apparatus and techniques, such as for optical communication, can include providing a reference frequency derived from an atomic energy level transition or a molecular energy level transition, generating at least two specified optical carrier signals at least in part using the reference frequency, coherently modulating the specified optical carrier signals using respective baseband information signals to provide respective coherently-modulated optical subcarriers. A combined optical information signal comprising the optical subcarriers can be transmitted to a receiver, such as via a fiber optic cable. In an example, a received optical information signal can be optically Fourier transformed to provide respective coherent outputs, which can be coherently downconverted.
Method and system for a photonic interposer
Methods and systems for a photonic interposer are disclosed and may include receiving one or more continuous wave (CW) optical signals in a silicon photonic interposer from an optical source external to the silicon photonic interposer. The received CW optical signals may be processed based on electrical signals received from a CMOS electronics die bonded to the interposer, and modulated optical signals may be received in the interposer via optical couplers on the interposer. Electrical signals may be generated in the interposer based on the received modulated optical signals, and may be communicated to the CMOS electronics die. The generated electrical signals to may be communicated to the CMOS electronics die via copper pillars. The CW optical signals may be received in the interposer from an optical source assembly coupled to the interposer. The CW optical signals may be received from optical fibers coupled to the interposer.
Distributed antenna system and method
A system for the distribution of radio-frequency signals includes a main unit associated with a first radio communication set, a remote unit associated with a second radio communication set installed in a preset area, for radio coverage of the area, and a communication channel associated with the main and remote units, wherein the main unit and remote units have analogue modulation elements of signals to be sent on the communication channel. The remote unit includes a selective amplification unit associated with the second radio communication set and having analogue/digital conversion elements of signals coming from the main unit, through the communication channel, and/or of signals coming from the second radio communication set, digital filtering elements of digital signals coming out of the analogue/digital conversion elements and amplification elements of signals coming from the main unit, through the communication channel, and/or of signals coming from the second radio communication set.
Method and apparatus for changing a mode in an optical network
A method at a transmitter of a tunable laser of controlling a mode change of the laser during a transmission of data to a receiver of a terminating node is based on the determination of a time instance for initiation of the mode change on the basis of the state of the tunable laser. In addition, buffer occupancy and/or the state of the data transmission may be considered when determining such a time instance. In addition, data of the data transmission is buffered during the mode change, such that data loss is avoided during the change of mode. A transmitter is also provided which can execute the suggested mode changing method.
Optical isolator preventive measure indicator
A system includes a light emitting device on a first side of electrically isolated circuitry for transmitting an optical signal to a second side of the electrically isolated circuitry. The system also includes an optical receiver on the second side of the electrically isolated circuitry for receiving the optical signal from the light emitting device. The system further includes a sensor coupled with the optical receiver for sampling the intensity of the optical signal received by the optical receiver.
System and method for testing the speed of a microwave photonics system
A system testing the speed of a microwave photonic system, having a Mach Zehnder interferometer that includes a first arm with a photonic system to be tested and an amplifier arranged to amplify the output of the photonic system, and a second arm with an attenuator configured to match the output power of the amplifier, with at least one filter arranged at the output of the Mach Zehnder interferometer, the filter having a pass band that includes the center frequency of a continuous wave microwave signal applied to the Mach Zehnder interferometer arms. A continuous wave microwave signal is applied to the input of the Mach Zehnder interferometer, a signal is applied to only the second arm with the photonic link, and the output of the bandpass filter is measured with an oscilloscope and a microwave power detector.
Optical transmitter and optical signal transmission method
An optical transmitter includes: an optical modulator configured to generate an optical signal from a plurality of transmission signals; a crosstalk monitor configured to monitor crosstalk between the plurality of transmission signals by using the optical signal; and a crosstalk canceller configured to correct the plurality of transmission signals based on a result of monitoring by the crosstalk monitor.
Polar satcom system and related method
A system and method for communication relay via a repeater platform satellite vehicle to a near surface station in the Polar Region is disclosed. A preferred embodiment receives a plurality of positioning and content data from a plurality of constellations of Geosynchronous Equatorial Orbit (GEO) Satellite Vehicles (SAT). Additionally, the system receives a plurality of position, time and altitude data from constellations of available repeater platform (RP) SATs. The system receives a request for content from a near surface station located in an area lacking adequate line-of-sight to the GEO based signal. The system aligns antenna elements onboard the desired RP SATs to amplify and relay the GEO based signal toward the near surface station and vice versa. Additionally, the system commands directional antenna elements onboard the station to send and receive the relayed signal making the GEO based content available to the near surface station.
Apparatus and method for scheduling in a relay system
An apparatus and a method for scheduling and a power control of a relay system that is capable of stable operation an environment where sufficient isolation between antennas is not ensured. The apparatus includes a scheduler for allocating resources to a zone not experiencing inter-antenna interference in an initial resource allocation, classifying users based on vulnerability to the interference, and allocating resources to a zone experiencing the interference, and a power controller for setting the resources of the zone experiencing the interference to a lower power than the resources of the zone not experiencing the interference to minimize the inter-antenna interference.
Methods and apparatus for adaptive receiver diversity in a wireless network
Apparatus and methods for implementing “intelligent” receive diversity management in e.g., a mobile device. In one implementation, the mobile device includes an LTE-enabled UE, and the intelligent diversity management includes selectively disabling receive diversity (RxD) in that device upon meeting a plurality of criteria including (i) a capacity criterion, and (ii) a connectivity criterion. In one variant, the capacity criterion includes ensuring that an achievable data rate associated with a single Rx (receive) chain is comparable to that with RxD.
Diverse radio receiver system
A diverse radio receiver system includes a radio frequency (RF) circuit board, a plurality of RF receivers disposed on the RF circuit board, and switching circuitry disposed on the RF circuit board. The switching circuitry includes transmission lines and switches connecting each RF receiver with (1) a selected one antenna of a plurality of antennas and (2) an impedance matching circuit providing impedance matching of the selected one antenna with the RF receiver. The switching circuitry is configured to implement a plurality of selectable switch configurations, each switch configuration connecting each RF receiver of the plurality of RF receivers with a selected antenna of the plurality of antennas. The impedance matching circuits of the switching circuitry may comprise impedance matching transmission line stubs. The diverse radio receiver system may be configured to receive an RF signal transmitted by a wireless magnetic resonance (MR) receive coil.
Method and apparatus for correcting errors in a multiple subcarriers communication system using multiple antennas
A method for correcting errors in a multiple antenna system based on a plurality of sub-carriers and a transmitting/receiving apparatus supporting the same are disclosed. The method includes determining a phase shift based precoding matrix phase shifted at a predetermined phase angle, initially transmitting each sub-carrier symbol to a receiver in a packet unit by using the phase shift based precoding matrix, reconstructing the phase shift based precoding matrix to reduce a spatial multiplexing rate if a negative reception acknowledgement (NACK) is received from the receiver, and retransmitting the initially transmitted sub-carrier symbol by using the reconstructed phase shift based precoding matrix or by changing the phase shift based precoding matrix using offset information fed back from the receiver or random offset information.
System and methods for adaptive per-user multipath control for spatial multiplexing gain in MIMO systems
Disclosed herein is a system, apparatus, and method for adaptive per-user multipath control for spatial multiplexing gain in MIMO systems. Transmission parameters relating to Cyclic Shifts and/or Radio Frequency (RF) antenna beams are modified and tested to find optimal transmission parameters that enable better exploitation of multipath RF propagation and therefore better spatial multiplexing gain.
Method, system and device for transmitting pre-coded indication information and determining pre-coding matrix
An embodiment of the present application relates to the technical field of wireless communications, in particular to a method, system and device for transmitting pre-coded indication information and determining a pre-coding matrix. In the prior art, the existing codebook is designed for horizontal beamforming/pre-coding, and will reduce the performance thereof if directly applied in three-dimensional beamforming/pre-coding technique. The present application solves the problem. The method in the embodiment of the present application comprises: a user equipment (UE) determines and transmits first pre-coded indication information and second pre-coding indication information, the pre-coding matrix being equal to the function matrix of a first component pre-coding matrix and a second component pre-coding matrix, a sub-matrix on the diagonal of the first component pre-coding matrix being the Kronecker product of two diagonal matrixes, the second component pre-coding matrix being formed by a beam rotation vector equaling to the Kronecker product of two vectors. The embodiment of the present application improves the performance of the three-dimensional beamforming/pre-coding technique.
Method and apparatus for predicting precoding matrix in MIMO system
A method for predicting precoding matrix (PM) in a MIMO System includes the steps of: obtaining a present PM based on a present transmission; fitting the present PM and previous PMs with a predefined model; and determining a forthcoming PM which is expected to be used in the next transmission based on the fitting.
CDD precoding for open loop SU MIMO
A method for data transmission, comprises the steps of modulating data to be transmitted via a transmitter into a plurality of modulated symbols, generating a codebook comprising a plurality of codewords, selecting a codeword from the codebook as a precoding matrix by a predetermined cycling selection, precoding the modulated symbols with the precoding matrix selected, and transmitting the precoded modulated symbols.
Method and apparatus for data transmission based on multiple cell collaboration
A method and mobile station are described for reporting channel quality information for multi-cell cooperation. The mobile station receives a channel quality request message for requesting channel quality information from a base station. The channel quality request message indicates that the mobile station is one of a plurality of candidate mobile stations to perform multi-cell cooperation. The mobile station reports the channel quality information to the base station. The channel quality information includes first channel quality information for the base station and second channel quality information for a neighboring base station.
Apparatus and method for providing diversity service antenna in portable terminal
An apparatus and method configure a diversity antenna in a portable terminal. The apparatus includes a first antenna, a second antenna, a first communication unit for processing a first communication scheme signal communicated through the first antenna, a second communication unit for processing a second communication scheme signal communicated through the second antenna, and a control unit for configuring the first antenna as a diversity antenna for the second communication unit when the first communication unit is not driven.
Electronic device with near-field antenna operating through display
An electronic device may have a display. A display cover layer and a transparent inner display member may overlap a display pixel layer. The display pixel layer may have an array of display pixels for displaying images for a user. A touch sensor layer may be interposed between the display pixel layer and the transparent display member. A ferromagnetic shielding layer may be mounted below the display pixel layer. A flexible printed circuit containing coils of metal signal lines that form a near-field communications loop antenna may be interposed between the ferromagnetic shielding layer and the display pixel layer. A non-near-field antenna such as an inverted-F antenna may have a resonating element mounted on an inner surface of the display cover layer. The resonating element may be interposed between the transparent display member and the display cover layer.
Non-contact power reception apparatus for non-contact charging and electronic settlement performed in a single portable terminal
A non-contact power reception apparatus is provided, in which a power reception coil for a charging system and a loop antenna for an electronic settlement system are mounted on a battery pack and a cover case of a portable terminal such that the power reception coil is arranged in the center thereof and the loop antenna is disposed outside the power reception coil, so that a mode of receiving a wireless power signal and a mode of transmitting and receiving data are selectively performed, thereby preventing interference from harmonic components and enabling non-contact charging and electronic settlement using a single portable terminal. A jig for fabricating a core to be mounted to the non-contact power reception apparatus is provided.
Chargers and methods for wireless power transfer
Systems and methods for enabling efficient wireless power transfer, and charging of devices and batteries, in a manner that allows freedom of placement of the devices or batteries in one or multiple (e.g., one, two or three) dimensions. In accordance with various embodiments, applications include inductive or magnetic charging and power, and wireless powering or charging of, e.g., mobile, electronic, electric, lighting, batteries, power tools, kitchen, military, medical or dental, industrial applications, vehicles, trains, or other devices or products. In accordance with various embodiments, the systems and methods can also be generally applied, e.g., to power supplies or other power sources or charging systems, such as systems for transfer of wireless power to a mobile, electronic or electric device, vehicle, or other product.
Assistance for positioning a transponder
A method for assisting with positioning of an electromagnetic transponder by a user with respect to a terminal, wherein: a first value of the current in an oscillating circuit of the terminal is periodically measured; a second value of a ratio between a no-load value of this current, stored when no transponder is in the field of the terminal, and the first value, is calculated; and pieces of information intended for the user are controlled according to said second value.
Method of operating communication networks, corresponding communication network and computer program product
A method of operating a Power Line Communications (PLC) network including a plurality of nodes having wirelines extending therebetween for propagating PLC signals between said nodes over said wirelines. The method includes coupling to a set of nodes of the PLC network respective partitioning filters, which can be activated for countering propagation of the PLC signals through the nodes to which said partitioning filters are coupled. The method also includes selectively activating filters chosen from among said partitioning filters, so that said PLC network is partitioned into a plurality of sub-networks with the propagation of PLC signals between the various sub-networks countered by the activated partitioning filters.
Frequency hopping radio system
An electronic device is provided for determining a hopset for a frequency hopping radio communication system. The hopset is a number of radio channels in a range of channels available for radio communication, and other channels in the range constituting a channel pool of pool channels. A hopset processor assesses quality of the radio channels for communication, and removes a channel from the hopset when the assessed quality is below a predetermined threshold. A probability set is provided, the probability set having probability values for respective radio channels in the range, which probability values are adapted based on the assessed quality in the respective radio channels. A replacement channel is selected in a pseudorandom way from the channel pool weighted by the probability values, and then added to the hopset. Due to the pseudorandom selection of channels for the hopset the system can efficiently cope with various interferences.
System and method for low density spreading modulation detection
In one embodiment, a method for blindly detecting low density spreading (LDS) active signatures including receiving, by a first node from a second node, a signal and decorrelating the signal in accordance with a signature list to obtain an active signature list. The method also includes decoding the signal in accordance with the active signature list to obtain a decoded signal.
Frequency offset acquisition for wireless communications
Systems and techniques relating to wireless communications are described. A described technique includes determining a first frequency offset based on a received preamble of a wireless communication signal and a known preamble, the received preamble having been generated based on a spreading sequence and the known preamble, determining a second frequency offset based on the received preamble and the known preamble, and processing at least a portion of the wireless communication signal based on the first frequency offset and the second frequency offset. Determining the first frequency offset can include performing a multi-chip-level differential frequency offset acquisition that uses two or more chips associated with the received preamble. Determining the second frequency offset can include performing a symbol-level differential frequency offset acquisition that uses two or more symbols associated with the received preamble, where each of the two or more symbols are encoded by two or more chips.
Protective case and electronic device using same
A protective case includes a main housing and a cover. The main housing includes a wire arranging portion with a first frame, a second frame, and a third frame. The first frame and the second frame are diagonally positioned each other, and the third frame are positioned at one side of the second frame. The cover is detachable from the main housing for covering the wire arranging portion.
Receiver with multi-spectrum parallel amplification
A radio receiver has a front end having a shared amplification path for both radio frequency signals and intermediate frequency signals. In one example, the shared amplification path can include a low noise amplifier and an attenuator. By amplifying both radio frequency (RF) signals and intermediate frequency (IF) signals with the same shared amplification path, gains in power efficiency, and reductions in cost and circuit size can be achieved.
RF-to-BB-current-reuse wideband receiver with parallel N-path active/passive mixers
A single-ended-input current-reuse wideband receiver comprising (1) a stacked Radio Frequency to Baseband (RF-to-BB) front-end with an 8-path active mixer realizing RF amplification, harmonic-recombination (HR) down-conversion, and BB filtering in the current domain for better linearity and power efficiency; (2) a feedforward 8-path passive mixer enabling LO-defined input impedance matching without external components, while offering frequency-translated bandpass filtering and noise cancelling; (3) a single-MOS pole-zero lowpass filter (LPF) permitting both RF and BB filtering at low voltage headroom consumption, while easing the tradeoff between the in-/out-of-band linearity; and (4) a BB-only two-stage HR amplifier boosting the 3rd and 5th harmonic rejection ratios (HRR3,5) with low hardware intricacy.
Method for operating a vehicle-side receiver device of a train control system and vehicle-side receiver device
A particularly powerful method is used for operating a vehicle-side receiver device of a train control system. In this context, the method proceeds in a way that at least one signal which is encoded by modulation is received by the receiver device via at least one track circuit. At least one carrier frequency of the at least one received signal is determined. The transmission method used by the respective train control system is identified taking into account the determined carrier frequency, and the receiver device is set specifically for the identified transmission method. A vehicle-side receiver device of a train control system is provided for performing the method.
Apparatus and method for receiving multipath signals in wireless communication system
Provided are an apparatus and method for receiving a multipath signal in a wireless communication system. The apparatus includes a weighting block for receiving an estimated channel gain value output from a channel estimator and outputting an estimated weighted channel gain value and a compensator unit for receiving the estimated weighted channel gain value, reflecting the weight, and compensating, for an estimated channel gain.
Dynamically reconfiguring rebuild agents for erasure code rebuild
Example apparatus and methods support reconstructing an item from a set of erasure codes (e.g., fountain codes). Information about computer resources available to support reconstructing the item may be accessed and analyzed to control the spawning of multiple computer processes to support reconstructing the item. The information may include, for example, utilization and capacity data. The information may be provided by sensor agents that monitor the resources. The multiple computer processes may operate at least partially in parallel. Resources may be identified and computer processes may be spawned until all the resources that can contribute to the reconstruction are used. In one embodiment, computer processes may be spawned until the marginal utility of spawning another process falls below a threshold.
Data encoding for data storage system based on generalized concatenated codes
Data is obtained at a data storage system. Codewords are generated from the obtained data. The codewords are computed using a generalized concatenated code and each codeword comprises symbols, wherein the symbols comprise information symbols and check symbols. The codewords are stored on an array of disks associated with the data storage system. In one example, i-th symbols of the generated codewords are stored on an i-th disk of the array of disks.
LDPC decoder variable node units having fewer adder stages
In one embodiment, the present invention is a variable node unit (VNU) of a low-density parity-check (LDPC) decoder. The VNU receives a soft-input value and wc check node messages, where wc is the column hamming weight of the LDPC code. The VNU generates (i) an extrinsic log-likelihood ratio (LLR) by adding all wc check node messages together; (ii) a hard-decision output by adding the extrinsic LLR to the soft-input value and selecting the sign bit of the resulting sum; and (iii) wc variable node messages. Each variable node message is generated by adding a different set of (wc−1) check node messages to the soft-input value where each set excludes a different check node message. In so doing, VNUs of the present invention may generate variable node messages using fewer adder stages compared to prior-art VNUs such that throughput may be increased over that of prior-art VNUs.
Hierarchical data compression and computation
According to embodiments of the present invention, machines, systems, methods and computer program products for hierarchical compression of data are presented comprising creating a compression hierarchy of compression nodes, wherein each compression node is associated with a compression operation to produce compressed data. An output of any of the compression nodes may be compressed by another compression node or the same compression node. A path of one or more compression nodes is determined through said compression hierarchy based upon compression statistics to compress data, and the data is compressed by the compression nodes of the path. Various computational techniques are presented herein for manipulating the compression hierarchy to defer or reduce computation during query evaluation.
Uniform distribution dithering in sigma-delta A/D converters
Apparatus and methods for analog-to-digital converters are provided. In an example, a sigma-delta analog-to-digital converter (ADC) can include a modulator configured to receive an analog signal and a decimation filter configured to provide a digital representation of the analog signal using an output of the modulator. In certain examples, the modulator can includes an integrator and a comparator od quantizer coupled to an output of the integrator. The comparator, in certain examples, can be configured to receive a second signal from the output of the integrator and to receive a plurality of dither signals, the dither signals can be configured to prevent limit cycles of the sigma-delta ADC.
Pipelined interpolating sub-ranging SAR analog-to-digital converter
A multi-bit per cycle successive approximation register (SAR) analog-to-digital converter (ADC) may sample an input signal, successively approximate the sampled signal with a shrinking sub-range containing the signal, and output coarse digital codes corresponding to the sub-range. A sub-ranging stage may continue quantization over the sub-range by sampling and interpolating between a pair of zero crossing signals that bound the sub-range. The zero crossing signals may be taken from the SAR preamp output. The sub-ranging process may be pipelined recursively in multiple stages to increase throughput and efficiency.
Pulse density modulation digital-to-analog converter with triangle wave generation
A phase accumulator style circuit generates an output stream of pulses. The density of the pulse stream is proportional to the input data value relative to the maximum value supported by the bit width of an adder. The output pulse density is representative of the desired output voltage. The pulse stream may be filtered with a resistor-capacitor (RC) low pass filter to yield an analog voltage. Faster clock rates support the use of smaller output filters that reduce circuit cost. This circuit provides triangle wave generation wherein the DAC output ramps up and down at a user specified rate (slope) between user specified maximum and minimum amplitude values. The up and down triangle wave ramp rates (up and down slopes) may be different and independent or the same.
Controller unit and device for resetting an oscillator excited by a harmonic oscillation, and yaw rate sensor
A controller unit includes a PI-controller for harmonic command variables. The transfer function of the PI-controller has a conjugate complex pole at a controller angular frequency ωr in the s-plane or a pole at e±jωrT in the z-plane, wherein T is the sampling time of a discrete input signal of the PI-controller and ωr is larger than 0. The controller angular frequency ωr is chosen equal to the resonance angular frequency ω0 of an oscillator. The controller parameters, are, for example determined by pole/zero compensation. The controller unit allows, for example, a broad band control of harmonic oscillators in rotation rate sensors.
Integrated circuit and method for manufacturing the same
An integrated circuit has one or more logic gates and a control circuit. The control circuit has one or more control elements coupled to the logic gates. The control circuit controls the states of the one or more logic gates.
Management of memory resources in a programmable integrated circuit
An approach for management of memory in a programmable integrated circuit (IC) includes configuring a memory map of the programmable IC with an association of a first subset of addresses of memory address space of the programmable IC and physical memory of the programmable IC. The memory map is further configured with an association of a second subset of addresses of the memory address space and a virtual memory block. At least a portion of a cache memory of the programmable IC is locked to the second subset of addresses.
Bidirectional data exchange circuit
A bidirectional data exchange circuit (10) includes a buffer (16) having paired terminals (A1 . . . A8, B1 . . . B8), a transfer direction input (20), an input (42) for controlling the transfer direction, and a logic gate (50). In the logic gate (50), the output is connected to the transfer direction input (20), an input is connected to the input (42) for controlling the transfer direction, this input being further connected to a first reference potential (Vcc) through a resistor (52), and the other input is connected to a terminal (A1) of the buffer (16) and to the first reference potential (Vcc) through a resistor (54; 154), and the terminal (B1) of the buffer (16), matched with the terminal (A1) of the buffer to which is connected the other input of the logic gate (50) being connected to a second reference potential through a resistor (56). The order of the first and second reference potentials and the nature of the logic gate (50) are such that, after a first transfer direction control of the buffer in one direction, the matched terminals (A1) force the logic gate (50) into a predetermined state independent of the value of the signal on the direction control input (42).
Driving circuit and driving method
The present technology relates to a driving circuit and a driving method, in which power loss at the time of switching an FET (Field Effect Transistor) can be reduced with a simple circuit configuration.A coil constitutes a resonance circuit together with an input capacitance at a gate of the FET. A switch (regeneration switch) turns on or off current flowing in the coil. A DC power source is a power source to replenish the resonance circuit with electric charge and is connected to the gate of the FET. A switch (replenish switch) turns on or off connection between the DC power source and the gate of the FET. The present technology is applicable to, for example, a power source that outputs AC voltage and current by switching operation.
Switched-mode power supply using variable bias current
There is provided a switched-mode power supply including: a PWM control unit generating a clock signal having pulse widths of the clock depending on a load to provide a path switching signal; a clock counter counting the clock signal to generate a control signal; a current source generating a current; a current mirroring circuit unit having a plurality of upper side current mirroring units respectively mirroring the current from the current source to create a current having a predetermined amplitude; a first current adjusting unit individually selecting a portion of the plurality of upper side current mirroring units according to the control signal; and a path switching circuit unit switched according to the path switching signal so as to select a charging path between the first current adjusting unit and a power switch or a discharging path between the power switch and the ground.
Interchannel skew adjustment circuit
An interchannel skew adjustment circuit adjusts signal skew between a first channel and a second channel. The circuit includes a phase adjustment circuit configured to receive a signal of the first channel, delay the signal by a discretely variable delay amount, and output a delayed signal; a channel coupling circuit configured to receive the signal output from the phase adjustment circuit and a signal of the second channel, and detect a phase difference between these two signals; and a controller configured to control the delay amount in the phase adjustment circuit based on a result detected by the channel coupling circuit. This interchannel skew adjustment circuit adjusts the interchannel signal skew only at a sender or a receiver, thereby reducing the circuit area and the power consumption.
Linearity of phase interpolators using capacitive elements
A phase interpolator, including: a pair of load resistors coupled to a supply voltage; a plurality of branches coupled to the pair of load resistors, each branch including a differential pair of transistors connected at source terminal to form a source node; a plurality of tail current sources, each tail current source coupled to one of the source nodes; and a plurality of coupling capacitors, each coupling capacitor coupled between the source nodes in two adjacent branches of the plurality of branches.
Image pickup device
An electronic device according to one or more embodiments of the present invention comprises an output line, a current mirror circuit and a comparator. Current signals from a plurality of signal sources are output to the output line. The current mirror circuit is electrically connected to the output line. The comparator is configured to compare a mirrored current signal from the current mirror circuit with a reference current signal. The comparator is configured to output a signal representing a comparison result of amplitudes of the mirrored current signal and the reference current signal.
Low jitter tunable voltage control oscillator with self calibration circuits to reduce chip fabrication process variation
A voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) which can be configured with a smaller tuning range than is ordinarily required is presented. Ordinarily, the tuning range is selected much broader than the application warrants so that sufficient range is still provided despite VCO process variations. The inventive VCO is able to substantially eliminate the effects of process variation by utilizing a calibration circuit and process, so that variation in VCO device operation is minimized despite substantial process variation. Accordingly, the inventive VCO device is subject to reduced levels of jitter as its range need not be utilized for overcoming process variation arising during device fabrication.
Data output circuit of a semiconductor apparatus
A data output circuit of a semiconductor apparatus is provided. The data output circuit may include a pull-up driver including a plurality of leg units configured to provide respective resistance values which are selected based on code signals, provide a total resistance value which is selected in response to one or more of the plurality of leg units being selectively activated based on selection signals, and configured to apply an output voltage with an output voltage level selected according to the selection of the total resistance value among a plurality of output voltage levels, to a data output pad. The data output circuit may include a control block configured to generate the selection signals in response to mode register signals. The data output circuit may include a code generator configured to generate the code signals based on a comparison of a reference voltage to a replica output voltage which varies according to an external resistance.
Resonator element, resonator, oscillator, electronic device and mobile object
A resonator element includes a quartz crystal resonator blank provided with a base portion, vibrating arms extending from one end side of the base portion, a connecting portion which is disposed on the other end side of the base portion, and a coupling portion, located between the base portion and the connecting portion, which couples the base portion to the connecting portion. When a thickness of the quartz crystal resonator blank is set to T, a width of the base portion is set to W1, and a width of the coupling portion is set to W2, a relation of 110 μm≦T≦210 μm is satisfied, and a relation of 0.469≦W2/W1≦0.871 is satisfied.
Search and navigation to specific document content
A computer-implemented system and method for search and navigation on a network to find and display specific search identified information in documents. Queries are sent to search engine services and responses comprising snippets are returned. Then, in response to only one or a few user inputs, documents are opened and locations of content matching or best matching the snippets are found reliably and distinguished in a display.
Piezoelectric thin film resonator, filter and duplexer including a film inserted in the piezoelectric film
A piezoelectric thin film resonator includes: a piezoelectric film provided on a substrate; a lower electrode and an upper electrode sandwiching at least a part of the piezoelectric film and facing with each other; and an inserted film that is inserted in the piezoelectric film, is provided in an outer circumference region of a resonance region and is not provided in a center region of the resonance region, wherein: an angle between an edge face of the lower electrode and a lower face of the lower electrode in the resonance region is an acute angle; and a width of the inserted film in the resonance region on a side for extracting the upper electrode from the resonance region is larger than another width of the inserted film in the resonance region on a side for extracting the lower electrode from the resonance region.
Earbuds and earphones for personal sound system
A personal sound system includes a portable electronic device that provides an analog audio signal to an audio output; an earphone system, connected by wire to the audio output, the portable electronic device, the earphone system including at least one earphone speaker; at least one control associated with the earphone system, the at least one control wirelessly linked to the portable electronic device so that operation of the at least control adjusts the balance between two or more frequency components of the analog audio signal provided to the at least one earphone.
Analog baseband filter for radio transceiver
An analog baseband filter for a radio transceiver is provided. An analog baseband filter for a multi-mode multi-band radio transceiver includes a current-voltage conversion amplifier converting a current received at the analog baseband filter into a voltage and adjusting a gain of an output voltage of the current-voltage conversion amplifier using a plurality of resistors, and a source follower circuit compensating for temperature for the output voltage of the current-voltage conversion amplifier.
Logarithmic amplifier with universal demodulation capabilities
A logarithmic amplifier (LDA) is described that includes an amplifier configured to oscillate a modulated input signal, a feedback establishing a 180 degree phase shift between the amplifier input and the output and maintaining oscillation of the input signal, a parallel resonant circuit connected to the amplifier output causing the amplifier to resonate at or around a center frequency, and a controller connected to the amplifier input cyclically terminating oscillation of the input signal each time a pre-determined threshold of current is detected, the controller including a low pass filter configured to generate a second output signal having a repetition frequency. The LDA may be used for AM with or without a PLL and/or a superheterodyne. The LDA may be implemented as a mixer and used for phase demodulation. The LDA may be used for phase demodulation. The LDA may be used in place of a low noise amplifier.
Control loop for amplification stage
There is disclosed a method and apparatus for generating an output signal comprising a replica of an input signal, comprising the steps of: generating a replica signal representing the low frequency content of the input signal; generating an error signal representing an error in the replica signal; combining the replica signal with the error signal to generate an output signal; and wherein the step of generating the error signal further includes the steps of: generating a delay signal being a delayed version of the input signal; and determining a difference between the output signal and the delay signal which difference is the error signal.
Circuit, integrated circuit, receiver, transceiver and a method for amplifying an input signal
A circuit according to an example includes an immitance converter amplifier based on a plurality of transistors of a first conductivity type and a supply transistor coupled between an output of the immitance converter amplifier and a supply for a supply potential, the supply transistor being a transistor of a second conductivity type complementary to the first type.
Circuits for and methods of implementing a dual-mode oscillator
A circuit for implementing a dual-mode oscillator is disclosed. The circuit comprises a first oscillator portion having a first inductor coupled in parallel with a first capacitor between a first node and a second node; a first pair of output nodes coupled to the first and second nodes; a second oscillator portion inductively coupled to the first oscillator portion, the second oscillator portion having a second inductor coupled in parallel with a second capacitor between a third node and a fourth node; a second pair of output nodes coupled to the third and fourth nodes; and a control circuit coupled to enable a supply of current to either the first oscillator portion or the second oscillator portion. A method of implementing a dual-mode oscillator is also disclosed.
Fine tuning control for a digitally controlled oscillator
Methods, apparatuses, and systems for providing a variable capacitance using an array of capacitor cells are discussed. In the fine tuning bank of an inductor/capacitor (LC)-tank of a digitally controlled oscillator (DCO), control is implemented by selecting a boundary cell from the array of capacitor cells and having every cell before the boundary cell in a circuit path be grounded and having the boundary cell and every cell after the boundary cell in the circuit path be connected to a voltage source. The circuit path may be the one formed by using thermometer coding in the fine tuning bank.
String continuity monitoring
A system and method of monitoring a photovoltaic (PV) installation includes providing a string of multiple panel interface device enabled PV panels; operatively connecting an inverter to the string; operatively connecting at least one PV panel to the string; discharging an input capacitance of the inverter; comparing a current in the string to a predetermined current threshold value; and controlling connection of the at least one PV panel to the string based on the comparing of the current in the string to the predetermined current threshold value. A panel interface device may be used to discharge the input capacitance of the inverter.
Motor drive system data interface system and method
A motor drive system includes a motor drive processor, a motor drive memory component, a server, and a display that displays a machine readable code, wherein the motor drive forms a secure wireless connection with a smart device once the smart device has scanned the machine readable code.
Motor controller having abnormality detection function of power transmission unit between motor and main shaft
A motor controller includes: a motor rotation angle acquisition unit acquiring the rotation angle of the motor; a main shaft rotation angle acquisition unit acquiring the rotation angle of the main shaft; a one-rotation signal acquisition unit acquiring a one-rotation signal output every time the main shaft rotates once; a motor rotation speed calculation unit calculating the rotation speed of the motor from the rotation angle of the motor; a main shaft speed calculation unit calculating the rotation speed of the main shaft from the rotation angle of the main shaft; and an abnormality determination unit in which, when a change amount of the rotation angle of the motor or when the difference between the rotation speed of the motor and the rotation speed of the main shaft deviates from a second range, it is determined that an abnormality has occurred in the power transmission unit.
Method and device for operating an operating table
The invention relates to a method and a device for operating an operating table (30) comprising a plurality of components (32 to 46) which are adjustable by means of control elements. By actuating at least a first control element (14 to 24), a first action of at least a first drive unit for adjusting at least a first component (32 to 46) is performed. By actuating a second control element (26), the first action performed by actuating the first control element (14 to 24) is automatically completely reversed.
Driver circuit and method
An amount of a motor drive current is controlled to an appropriate value. Two coils are provided, and a rotor is rotated by the coils by setting different phases for the supplied currents to the two coils. During a phase where one of the coils is in a high-impedance state, an induced voltage generated in the coil is detected. According to the state of the induced voltage, an output control circuit controls the amounts of the motor drive currents supplied to the two coils.
Power source control apparatus for rotating electrical machine
A power source control apparatus for a rotating electrical machine includes a TRC optimum voltage output portion (21) and a GEN optimum voltage output portion (22) that acquire a TRC optimum voltage and a GEN optimum voltage; a normal target voltage output portion (23) that sets a normal target voltage commonly applied to a traveling motor system and a power generating motor system using a DC/DC converter, based on a highest optimum voltage out of the TRC optimum voltage and the GEN optimum voltage; and a temperature protecting target voltage output portion (24) and a target voltage output portion (25) that limit the voltage commonly applied to the traveling motor system and the power generating motor system to a value lower than the normal target voltage.
Method of operating a variable speed motor in a laundry treatment apparatus
A method of operating a laundry treatment apparatus, in particular a washing machine, a laundry dryer, a heat pump laundry dryer or a washing machine having a drying function, is provided. The apparatus includes a control unit controlling the operation of the treatment apparatus, a laundry treatment chamber for treating laundry, a detector unit for detecting at least one operation parameter (T_inv) of the treatment apparatus, and a first variable speed motor unit adapted at least to drive the treatment chamber, and/or a compressor having a second variable speed motor unit for circulating a refrigerant fluid through a refrigerant loop of the laundry treatment apparatus. The method includes selecting a predetermined power supply modulation mode for operating at least one of the first and second motor unit in dependency of the at least one detected operation parameter (T_inv), and operating at least one of the first and second motor units in an operating cycle by applying or executing the selected predetermined power supply modulation mode.
Gradient coil assemblies having conductive coil portions and screening material
An MRIS gradient coil assembly 2A comprising a first coil layer comprising a first conductive coil portion 3X and a second coil layer comprising a second conductive coil portion 3Y. A first screening layer 6X is disposed between the first 3X and second 3Y coil layers and comprises at least one sheet of screening material. At least one insulating layer 4X comprising insulating material is provided between the first 3X conductive coil portion and the first screening layer 6X. Further the assembly comprises at least one discrete contact means 7 electrically connecting the first conductive coil portion 3X to the sheet of screening material 6X while the sheet of screening material 6X is kept from electrically contacting with the first conductive coil portion 3X, except via the at least one discrete contact means, by the at least one layer of insulating material 4X. The screening material might typically comprise a semi-conductive sheet.
Control method for rectifier of switching converters
A control device for a transistor of a switching converter rectifier generates a control signal of the transistor and includes a circuit to measure the conduction time of the body diode of the transistor cycle by cycle. When the conduction time is greater than a first threshold, the off time instant of the transistor is delayed by a first quantity in the next cycles, until the conduction time is less than the first threshold and greater than a second threshold. When the conduction time is between the first and second thresholds, the off time instant is delayed by a fixed second quantity in the next cycles until the conduction time is lower than the second threshold, with the second quantity less than the first quantity. When the conduction time is lower than the second threshold, the off time instant is advanced by the second quantity in the next cycle.
Drive train comprising a doubly-fed electric machine and an inverter controlled according to a law limiting the delivered active power
A drive train comprising an electric machine including a rotor and a stator, the stator being connected to an alternating grid and having a stator frequency, and a bidirectional system for converting an alternating current into another alternating current. The conversion system is connected between the grid and the rotor, and comprises an AC-DC converter connected to the grid, an inverter connected between the AC-DC converter and the rotor, and a device for controlling switches of the inverter according to a control law. The control law is such that the active power exchanged by the inverter with the rotor is essentially always lower than 0.3 times the nominal power of the direct current specifically circulating between the AC-DC converter and the inverter, for the frequencies of a target interval of between 0.6 times the stator frequency and 1.4 times the stator frequency.
DC-DC converter and semiconductor integrated circuit
In a mode comparator of the DC-DC converter, a threshold input to the mode comparator is switched to a first threshold, if a mode signal prescribes an active mode, on the other hand, the threshold input to the mode comparator is switched to a second threshold, which is higher than the first threshold, if the mode signal prescribes an inactive mode. A lower limit value to a lower limit value setting circuit of the DC-DC converter is switched to a first lower limit value, if the mode signal prescribes the active mode, on the other hand, the lower limit is switched to a second lower limit value, which is higher than the first lower limit value, if the mode signal prescribes an inactive mode.
Switching converter and AC adapter using the same
Disclosed herein is a switching converter capable of preventing a period in which a switch SW of a primary side is turned on and a period in which a synchronous rectifying switch SR SW of a secondary side is turned on from being overlapped with each other. The switching converter includes: a transformer T inducing primary energy to secondary side; a switch SW connected to a primary coil of the transformer T to switch a primary voltage; a synchronous rectifier SR connected to a secondary coil of the transformer T to rectify a secondary voltage; and a delay locked loop connected between the secondary coil and the synchronous rectifier SR, wherein the delay locked loop generates a signal synchronized with a turn-on control signal of the switch SW and outputs the generated signal to the synchronous rectifier SR to control a turn-off operation of the synchronous rectifier SR.
DC-DC power conversion apparatus and method
A DC-DC power conversion apparatus and a DC-DC power conversion method are provided. The DC-DC power conversion apparatus includes a switching circuit, a main transformer circuit, a main rectifier circuit, an auxiliary transformer circuit and an auxiliary rectifier circuit. The switching circuit provides an input power to a primary winding of the main transformer circuit or a primary winding of the auxiliary transformer circuit by time-division. An AC input terminal of the main rectifier circuit is coupled to a secondary winding of the main transformer circuit. An AC input terminal of the auxiliary rectifier circuit is coupled to a secondary winding of the auxiliary transformer circuit. A power output terminal of the auxiliary rectifier circuit is coupled to a reference voltage terminal of the main rectifier circuit for lifting a voltage of the power output terminal of the main rectifier circuit.
Power supply device and image forming apparatus
The power supply device includes a transformer that includes primary, secondary and auxiliary windings; a switching unit that switches current flowing to the primary winding of the transformer; a current detection unit that detects current flowing through the primary winding, and outputs a voltage according to the current; a control unit that controls switching operation of the switching unit, according to the voltage output from the current detection unit; a first voltage detection unit that detects a voltage induced in the auxiliary winding; and a correction unit that corrects the voltage output by the current detection unit to the control unit when the voltage induced in the auxiliary winding and detected by the first voltage detection unit is higher than a first predetermined value. This configuration can reduce start-up power consumption while suppressing the vibration noise of the transformer.
Power conversion apparatus
A power conversion apparatus, including a transformer, a switch, an analog controller, a digital controller, and a voltage converter-based feedback circuit, is provided. The primary side of the transformer is coupled to an input voltage, and the secondary side of the transformer is coupled to an output voltage provided to a load. The switch intermittently transmits the input voltage to the primary side of the transformer. The analog controller is disposed at one of the primary side and the secondary side of the transformer and configured to control the operation of the switch in response to an analog feedback signal. The digital controller is disposed at the other one of the primary side and the secondary side and configured to generate a digital feedback signal. The voltage converter-based feedback circuit is configured to convert the digital feedback signal to the analog feedback signal based on a voltage conversion characteristic thereof.
A DC to DC converter includes: first and second switching elements connected at a first connection point between a first input/output terminal and a first ground terminal; third and fourth switching elements connected at a second connection point between the first input/output terminal and the first ground terminal; a resonant capacitor and a resonant inductor connected in series between the first and second connection points; fifth and sixth switching elements connected at a third connection point between a second input/output terminal and a second ground terminal; seventh and eighth switching elements connected at a fourth connection point between the second input/output terminal and the second ground terminal; a transformer; and a control circuit. The control circuit is operable to adjust the pulse waveforms for switching the fifth to eighth switching elements when voltage at the second input/output terminal is stepped down and output from the first input/output terminal.
Current balance circuit of resonant type switching power-supply circuit
Provided is a switching power-supply device capable of balancing a plurality of converter blocks operated in parallel. The switching power-supply device includes a first series circuit of first and second switching elements, a second series circuit of third and fourth switching elements, which circuits are connected in parallel with a power supply, and a control circuit that turns on-and-off the first and second switching elements, alternately, with an arbitrary frequency and turns on-and-off the third and fourth switching elements, alternately, with the same frequency as the arbitrary frequency. The control circuit controls a phase difference of switching signals of the first and second series circuits.
DC-DC converter with digital current sensing
A regulated DC-DC switching converter includes a bypass mode in which ends of an output inductor are coupled together. Circuitry determines output capacitor current and load current components of output inductor current during operation of the switching converter, for use in controlling switching operations.
Power switching device, three phase bridge inverter, and method of operating a power switching device
A power switching device includes a power terminal connected to a power supply; a load terminal connected to a load; a power switch connected between said power terminal and said load terminal and arranged to be conductive in a first operating state; a power conductor connected between said power terminal and said load terminal in at least one state, wherein an electrical current through said power conductor changes in response to said power switch being turned off, thereby causing self-induction in said power conductor; and a control unit arranged to control said power switch in real-time on the basis of a real-time level of said voltage across said power conductor so as to turn off said power switch in a continuous or stepwise or pulsed manner to prevent a voltage across said power conductor from exceeding a maximum allowed level.
Power supply conversion apparatus with bootstrap unit
Embodiments of the present invention disclose a power supply conversion apparatus, where a control unit generates a corresponding control signal according to a received high level pulse width modulation signal, to control a first PMOS transistor Q3, a second PMOS transistor Q4, and a second NMOS transistor Q2 to be turned off successively, and then to make a first NMOS transistor Q1 conducted, which makes a voltage at a second end of a bootstrap capacitor to rise from ground potential to a PVDD, so that a voltage at a first end of the bootstrap capacitor rises to a PVDD+AVDD as the voltage at the second end rises, and a gate turn-on voltage of the first NMOS transistor Q1 reaches the PVDD+AVDD.
A sequence circuit includes a power output terminal, first to third power input terminals, first to sixth resistors, first to tenth filed effect transistors (FETs), first to third inductors, a first capacitor, a second capacitor, and first to third drivers. The sequence circuit ensures that different voltages work in a correct sequence.
Constant on-time switching converter and control method thereof
A switching converter providing an output voltage has at least one switch and a control circuit. The control circuit has a slope compensation module, an output correction module and a control module, wherein the slope compensation module provides a slope compensation signal, the output correction module provides a voltage trim signal based on the slope compensation signal, and the control module provides a control signal to control the at least one switch based on the slope compensation signal, the voltage trim signal, a reference signal, the output voltage and an error compensation signal provided based on a difference between the output voltage and a set target of the output voltage.
Reference current generator with switch capacitor
Exemplary embodiments are related to current generators. A device may include a first integration path for charging a first integration capacitor during a first phase and a second integration path for charging a second integration capacitor during a second phase. The first integration capacitor may be configured for charging a capacitor coupled to an amplifier during the second phase and the second integration capacitor may be configured for charging the capacitor during the first phase.
Electronic control device
An electronic control device including two housings coupled to each other, a first circuit board disposed in one of the two housings, a first terminal disposed on a side of the other of the two housings, and a second terminal disposed on the first circuit board in an opposed relation to the first terminal, wherein the first terminal and the second terminal are brought into direct connection with each other at a time at which the two housings are coupled to each other.
Magnetic cap element for a stator of a generator
A stator system for a generator, in particular a generator of a wind turbine is disclosed. The stator system includes a housing element including a groove and a cap element for closing the groove such that a channel for guiding a cooling fluid within the groove is formed. The cap element includes a magnetic material.
Low profile pump motor lead protector
A low profile pump motor lead protector with a head guard and a trailing guard, the head guard including a front section with a front end and a rear section with a rear end, the trailing guard having a pin end for insertion in a head guard socket, the lead protector for protecting a motor lead of a pump and motor assembly of a downhole production string for surfacing fluid from a reservoir such as a subterranean oil well.
Stator segment unit adapted to build a ring-shaped stator when assembled
A stator segment unit adapted to build a ring-shaped stator when assembled is provided. The stator segment unit includes a stator yoke with at least one stator tooth protruding from the yoke, at least one stator winding having a first winding section fixed close to the tooth, and a second winding section extending freely from the stator segment unit.
Electric motor having rotor structure for avoiding defect due to strain generated by temperature change, and production method thereof
An electric motor having a rotor structure and a production method thereof, wherein a strain due to temperature change does not occur and a manufacturing problem does not occur. Each permanent magnet does not contact each other, and a deformable intervening member is positioned between the end surfaces of the magnets. Intervening member is an elastically or plastically deformable member, and the thickness of the intervening member in the direction of the rotation axis of the rotor is determined so that the neighboring permanent magnets, which are bonded to a rotor core within a manufacturing temperature range of the rotor, do not contact each other at a lower limit of an operating temperature of the electric motor.
Stator of motor and motor
A stator of a motor comprises a stator core including a plurality of plate members stacked together; the stator core including: a yoke of a tubular shape; and teeth each of which includes an extending portion extending inward in a radial direction of the yoke from the yoke and an increased-width portion formed at a tip end of the extending portion so as to have a greater width than the extending portion in a circumferential direction of the yoke; wherein the extending portion has a constant-width portion extending radially in a straight-line shape so as to have a constant circumferential width, a narrower portion having a circumferential width smaller than a circumferential width of the constant-width portion, and a clamp portion for securing the plurality of plate members to each other; and wherein at least a portion of the clamp portion is located in the narrower portion.
Systems and methods for providing wireless power to a portable unit
A wireless charging system for inductively charging and/or powering a device. The system includes a stationary base system and a moving subject. The stationary base system includes an array of primary coils that are adapted to generate a magnetic field, and a sensor system. The moving subject carries a device that includes a secondary coil that can be inductively charged and/or powered by the magnetic field emitted from the primary coil, and a magnet to be tracked by the sensor system. The moving subject can move in proximity to a surface of the stationary base system. The sensor system is adapted to communicate the location of the moving subject along the surface, wherein those coils closest to the moving subject may be activated.
Battery pack and battery charger that charges based on temperature
A battery pack includes: a connecting portion connected to a battery charger; a battery chargeable by the battery charger connected to the connecting portion; an environment temperature detecting element detecting an environment temperature around the battery; and a control circuit. The control circuit periodically detects the environment temperature via the environment temperature detecting element and controls the battery charger to suspend starting of charging the battery or to temporarily discontinue charging the battery when a variation of the environment temperature detected exceeds a predetermined range, when the battery charger is connected to the connecting portion.
Power charging system
Power charging system using sun energy or AC source suitable for wide range of applications such as charging electric vehicle battery or battery pack and/or supplying electricity for commercial, industrial and/or residential customers; the system comprises wide variety of relay and other components to manipulate the charging states. The system's circuits include a battery charging circuit, a control circuit and a reset control circuit for a relay requires redirected polarity of the control element(s) to change the closed state/position to open state/position to charge the power storage. The power charging system also including a battery charging circuit and a control circuit to which a relay is required unidirectional pulse input; there is no need to redirect polarities of the positive terminal of the control element to change the closed state/position to open state/position to charge the power storage.
Method and apparatus of fast battery charging with universal high power input source
Methods, electronic devices and USB charger apparatus are presented for fast USB charging, in which a high voltage master of the device detects a connected high voltage charger and selectively connects a current circuit to source or sink a current to or from one USB cable data signal conductor while providing a non-zero voltage to the other USB cable data signal conductor to configure the charger apparatus to provide charging power at a particular high voltage level above a nominal voltage level.
Method for charging battery and electronic device thereof
An apparatus and method for charging a battery of an electronic device are provided. In the method, when the battery is fully charged, charging of the battery is suspended. When a predetermined time elapses from a point at which the battery has been fully charged, the charging of the battery is resumed.
Wireless charging using passive NFC tag and multiple antenna of differing shapes
A charging pad capable of charging a receiver according to a predetermined procedure is disclosed. The charging pad may have a plurality of charging coils and a controller for selecting an appropriate coil for charging the receiver. The receiver communicates with the charging pad via NFC, thereby indicating to the charging pad the appropriate procedure for charging the receiver. The controller then selects the appropriate coil and directs charging according to the appropriate procedure.
Disclosed is a charging device capable of appropriately charging of a battery while preventing battery depletion. In a charging system including a charging device, when the output power from a solar battery is equal to or greater than a predetermined value, power is supplied to a charging control system which controls charging of batteries. Accordingly, when the output power from the solar battery is small, since the charging control system will not start, no power is consumed in the charging control system. As a result, battery depletion can be prevented. When the output power from the solar battery is equal to or greater than the predetermined value, charging of the battery is performed by the charging control system, thereby appropriately performing charging of the batteries.
Apparatus for charging batteries of devices at a selected DC voltage
A battery charging apparatus for charging batteries of fixed voltage charge receiving batteries and flexible voltage charge receiving batteries. A wall receptacle charger outlet, an “all-in-one” vehicle or home charger, a hands-free docking station charger, a wall mountable USB charging strip and a holder for multiple charger receiving devices that includes a charger are disclosed.
ESD clamp for multiple power rails
An Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) clamp includes first power rail, a second power rail separate from the first power rail, and an ESD discharging circuit including a plurality of cascaded MOS transistors coupled between the second power rail and an electrical ground. A bias circuit is configured to turn on the ESD discharging circuit in response to an ESD event on the second power rail, and to turn off the ESD discharging circuit during a normal operation of the ESD clamp.
Patch cords for reduced-pair ethernet applications having strain relief units that resist rotational loads and related strain relief units and connectors
Reduced-pair Ethernet patch cords include a twisted pair cable that has a pair of insulated conductors that are contained within a cable jacket. A connector is mounted on a first end of the cable. The connector includes a connector housing and a strain relief unit that is mounted on the cable at the interface between the cable and the connector housing. The strain relief unit includes a plurality of internal protrusions that contact the cable jacket.
Switchgear enclosure housing assembly including an extendable conductor assembly
An enclosure housing assembly for an electrical switching apparatus is provided. The enclosure housing assembly includes a sidewall assembly, a movable carriage assembly, a ground bus bar assembly and a movable terminal assembly with an extendable conductor assembly. The sidewall assembly includes a number of sidewalls defining an enclosed space. The movable carriage assembly is movable between a withdrawn, first position. Wherein the movable carriage assembly is disposed partially outside the enclosure sidewall assembly enclosed space, and an inserted, second position, wherein the movable carriage assembly is disposed substantially inside the enclosure sidewall assembly enclosed space. The ground bus bar assembly is coupled to the first sidewall. The movable terminal assembly is coupled to the movable carriage assembly whereby the movable terminal assembly moves with the movable carriage assembly. The extendable conductor assembly is coupled to, and in electrical communication with, the ground bus bar assembly.
Semiconductor laser device
A semiconductor laser device capable of high output is provided. A semiconductor laser diode includes: a substrate; and a semiconductor stacked structure, which is formed on the substrate through crystal growth. The semiconductor stacked structure includes: an n-type (Alx1Ga1-x1))0.51In0.49P cladding layer and a p-type (Alx1Ga(1-x1))0.51In0.49P cladding layer; an n-side Alx2Ga(1-x2)As guiding layer and a p-side Alx2Ga(1-x2)As guiding layer, which are sandwiched between the cladding layers; and an active layer, which is sandwiched between the guiding layers. The active layer is formed of a quantum well layer including an AlyGa(1-y)As(1-x3)Px3 layer and a barrier layer including an Alx4Ga(1-x4)As layer that are alternatively repetitively stacked for a plurality of periods.
High power blue-violet III-nitride semipolar laser diodes
A high power blue-violet Ill-nitride semipolar laser diode (LD) with an output power in excess of 1 W, a slope efficiency of more than 1 W/A, and an external quantum efficiency (EQE) in excess of 25% and more preferably, in excess of 35%. These operating characteristics make these laser diodes suitable for use in solid state lighting systems.
Quantum cascade laser
A quantum cascade laser includes a substrate having first, second, third, and fourth regions; a stacked semiconductor layer including n-type lower and upper conductive layers, a core layer having a mesa structure, and a cladding layer; first and second buried layers disposed on side surfaces of the core layer and above the substrate; a first electrode disposed on the upper conductive layer above the first region; and a second electrode disposed on the lower conductive layer above the fourth region. The core layer is disposed on the lower conductive layer above the second region. The upper conductive layer is disposed on the first buried layer and the core layer. The cladding layer is disposed on the upper conductive layer above the second region. The substrate and the cladding layer are formed of an undoped or semi-insulating semiconductor. The first and second buried layers are formed of a semi-insulating semiconductor.
Nitride semiconductor surface emitting laser and method of manufacturing the same
A surface emitting laser in which a plurality of nitride semiconductor layers including a lower reflector, a plurality of active layers causing a gain by current injection, and an upper reflector are provided on a substrate, includes an n-type spacer layer formed between the lower reflector and an active layer closest to the lower reflector in the plurality of active layers, a p-type spacer layer formed between the upper reflector and an active layer closest to the upper reflector in the plurality of active layers, and an intermediate layer arranged between the plurality of active layers. The intermediate layer is configured from an Mg-doped layer including at least Mg, and a nitride semiconductor layer including In, and the Mg-doped layer and the nitride semiconductor layer including In are provided in that order from a side of the substrate.
Multi-wavelength surface plasmon laser and optoelectronic integrated circuit including the same
A multi-wavelength surface plasmon laser that simultaneously emits surface plasmons having a large number of wavelengths and includes an active layer whose thickness changes with position, and a metal cavity whose length changes with position so that light of different wavelengths is emitted according to position. Surface plasmons are generated at the interface between a metal layer and a semiconductor layer in response to the light of different wavelengths. The surface plasmons having different wavelengths may be resonated in the metal cavity whose length changes with position and may be emitted to the outside.
Semiconductor light emitting element and semiconductor light emitting device
There is provided a semiconductor light emitting element that is excellent in reliability and is capable of being driven by a lower voltage and a semiconductor light emitting device that includes the semiconductor light emitting element. The semiconductor light emitting element includes: a semiconductor layer; an electrode layer; a metal layer that contains a hydrogen storage metal; and a plated layer in order.
Narrow line-width laser characterization based on bi-directional pumped Brillouin random fiber laser
A method and apparatus for launching optical pump signals into a disordered gain medium at two points thereby producing a narrow line-width random fiber laser within the disordered gain medium. The optical pump signals are propagated in a direction through the disordered gain medium towards one another. The apparatus may comprise an optical gain fiber having a first end configured to receive a first fiber pump signal and a second end configured to receive a second fiber pump signal such that the first fiber pump signal and the second fiber pump signal propagate within the optical gain fiber in a direction towards one another. An optical loss device is coupled to the optical gain fiber, wherein the optical loss device isolates a narrow line-width random fiber laser signal from a signal generated within the optical gain fiber.
Suppression of stimulated brillouin scattering in higher-order-mode optical fiber amplifiers
An HOM-based optical fiber amplifier is selectively doped within its core region to minimize the presence of dopants in those portions of the core where the unwanted lower-order modes (particularly, the fundamental mode) of the signal reside. The reduction (elimination) of the gain medium from these portions of the core minimizes (perhaps to the point of elimination) limits the amount of amplification impressed upon the backward-propagating Stokes wave. This minimization of amplification will, in turn, lead to a reduction in the growth of the Stokes power that is generated by the Brillouin gain, which results in increasing the amount of power present in the desired, forward-propagating HOM amplified optical signal output.
High power fiber laser safety control system
A laser safety control system is configured with a power source module directly coupled to an AC source and including a galvanically isolated DC/DC converter with at least one output capacitor, and a safety mechanism. The safety mechanism has first and second safety channels which operate independently from one another so as to switch the normal operating regime of the power source module to the safe regime. In the normal operating regime, its DC output has a high voltage, whereas in the safe regime the DC output has a low voltage lower than the high voltage.The safety channels each include a shutdown circuit operative to switch the DC/DC converter off and a discharging circuit operative to discharge the output capacitor. The switching off DC/DC converter and discharging of the output capacitor define the safe regime of the power source module.
Connector tongue element for an electrical connector plug receptacle and a method for producing the same
A connector tongue element for a plug receptacle includes a flexible printed circuit. Connector pins are electrically connected to the flexible printed circuit at an attachment portion. A first body of polymeric material is molded around to mechanically secure at least a part of the attachment portion to form a connector base portion. The connector pins extend from the connector base portion in a withdrawal direction along which an electrical connector plug can be withdrawn from the plug receptacle. The connector pins form a connector tongue portion extending from the connector base portion in the withdrawal direction. The first body allows the connector pins to present connecting surfaces for connecting the plug receptacle to the electrical connector plug. The connector base portion includes electronic circuitry to monitor status of electric connections within the plug receptacle, and the first body is molded around the electronic circuitry.
An electrical connector includes an insulative housing, a metal shell covering the insulative housing, electrical terminals and auxiliary terminals received in the insulative housing. The electrical terminals includes a number of first contacts. The first contacts include a grounding contact in the middle and some signal contacts on both sides of the grounding contact. The auxiliary terminals includes the retaining portion received in insulative housing and the connecting portion downwardly bent from an end of the retaining portion. The retaining portion has a first spring tab and the connecting has a second spring tab. The first spring tab contacts with the metal shell and the second spring tab contacts with the grounding contact. Such arrangment can improve the anti EMI effect of the electrical connector and reduce the signal interference between the signal terminals.
SATA hard disk drive connector
A SATA hard disk drive connector includes a body connected to a SATA hard disk drive; a signal pin unit disposed at the body and having signal transmitting/receiving pins and first grounding pins; a power pin unit disposed at the body and having power pins and second grounding pins; four micro coaxial cables each having a conducting wire, insulating layer, shielding layer and insulating coating, with the conducting wires connected to the signal transmitting/receiving pins at one end and to an external cable at another end; a first grounding unit disposed at the body and connected to an end of each shielding layer and the first grounding pins; a second grounding unit disposed at the body and connected to the second grounding pins, another end of each shielding layer, and external cable; and an electrical connection unit disposed at the body and connected to power pins and external cable.
Connector and electronic system using the same
A connector and an electronic system using the same. The electronic system (100) comprises a first electronic device (102), a second electronic device (200), and a connector (104), the connector being used for connecting the first electronic device and the second electronic device. The first electronic device has a first plane (P10). The second electronic device has a second plane (P20). The first plane and the second plane are not coplanar. The connector comprises multiple terminals (110, 120, 130), electrically connected to the first plane and the second plane respectively. In the connector, a signal terminal is located between a first ground terminal and a second ground terminal, which is beneficial to transmission of a low-noise high-frequency signal in a shielded environment. The connector and the electronic system using the same may transmit a signal between different planes by connecting junctions in different planes.
Latch assemblies for connector systems
A connector system includes a cartridge having at least one cavity configured to hold connector modules therein. The connector system also includes at least one slider latch housed in the cartridge. The at least one slider latch is movable in a longitudinal direction and has at least one groove configured to receive a cam of a corresponding connector module to secure the connector modules to the cartridge. The at least one slider latch has a biasing member operably coupled thereto. The biasing member biases the slider latch in a biasing direction. The biasing member forces the at least one slider latch to return to a latched position after the cam is received in the profiled groove. The connector system also includes a discharge mechanism configured to move a discharge slider.
Terminal-attached wire and terminal
A terminal (15) of a terminal-attached wire (10), in which the terminal (15) is connected to an end portion of a wire (11) and the end portion is sealed by a heat shrinkable tube (33), includes a terminal connecting portion (16) to be connected to a mating terminal, a wire connecting portion (18) to be connected to the end portion of the wire (11) and a coupling portion (22) coupling the terminal connecting portion (16) and the wire connecting portion (18) An opening end (33A) of the heat shrinkable tube (33) is mounted on the coupling portion (22), and a draining portion (32) for preventing adhering water from running down to the opening end (33A) is provided on a side closer to the terminal connecting portion (16) than the opening end (33A).
A connector includes a rib provided in a male terminal housing chamber of a male connector and configured to suppress a relative displacement of a male terminal to the male terminal housing chamber by being brought into contact with the male terminal and a rib provided in a female terminal housing chamber of a female connector and configured to suppress a relative displacement of a female terminal to the female terminal housing chamber by being brought into contact with the female terminal. The rib is formed so as to start to come into contact with the male terminal at a tab exit port side position than a position where a required insertion force becomes maximum. The rib is formed so as to start to come into contact with the female terminal at a tab insertion port side position than a position where the required insertion force becomes maximum.
Connector with drainage grooves
A connector C is configured so that terminal fittings (10) extending from a rear surface of a housing (20) are connected to a board (50) and a casing (60) for covering the board (50) is mounted on the side of an upper surface (20U) of the housing (20), and drainage grooves (37) which extend in a width direction of the housing (20) and opposite ends of which reach opposite side surfaces (20S) of the housing (20) are provided on the upper surface of the housing (20).
Protective cover configured to cover a mating interface of an electrical connector
Protective cover including a mating cap having a cap body. The cap body includes a connector cavity that opens in a loading direction. The connector cavity is configured to receive an electrical connector of a communication system when the mating cap is moved in a loading direction onto the electrical connector. The cap body is configured to surround a mating interface of the electrical connector. The protective cover also includes a movable latch that is coupled to the mating cap and extends in a rearward direction that is generally opposite the loading direction. The movable latch has a side surface and a latch projection that extends laterally from the side surface. The movable latch is configured to flex relative to the mating cap to move the latch projection. The latch projection is configured to engage the communication system to block the protective cover from being inadvertently removed.
A miniaturized connector is provided. The connector comprises a plug and a receptacle, where the receptacle is adapted for being assembled into a device, e.g. ear piece, ear monitor or other parts, and the plug is via a cable connected to a source for electrical power. Contact springs may be formed to protrude through the receptacle housing opening in straight lines to engage a plug recess to secure the plug.
Male terminal fitting
A male terminal fitting includes a tubular main body (10) and a plate-like tab (40) projecting forward from the main body (10). A first support (51) and a second support (52) are provided respectively on a surface side facing in a direction of action of the external force (P1, P2) and a surface side opposite to the former surface side at a front end part of the main body (10) connected to the tab (40). The first and second supports (51, 52) serve as starting points of bending when an excessive external force (P1, P2) acts on the tab (40) in a direction intersecting with a projecting direction of the tab (40) and are displaced from each other in a front-back direction.
Float adapter for electrical connector
A float adapter for an electrical connector that includes a conductive shell and an insulator received in the conductive shell. The insulator includes an engagement end, an interface end that is opposite the engagement end, and a reduced diameter middle portion therebetween. The insulator includes an inner bore that extends through the engagement end, the interface end, and the reduced diameter middle portion. The interface end has a lead-in tip portion that extends outside of the first end of the conductive shell. The lead-in tip portion has a tapered outer surface that terminates in an end face surface and a shoulder remote from the end face surface that defines an outer diameter that is larger than the inner diameter of the conductive shell. An inner contact is received in the inner bore of the insulator. The inner contact has socket openings at either end.
Intermediate electrical connector and electrical connector assembled component
An intermediate electrical connector to be connected to a mating connecting member includes an intermediate connecting member; and a blade disposed in the intermediate connecting member. The blade includes a first ground plate, a second ground plate, a base member, a signal terminal, and a ground terminal. The signal terminal includes a first contact portion and a first connecting portion connected to the first contact portion. The ground terminal includes a second contact portion and a second connecting portion connected to the second contact portion. The first ground plate is situated on one side of the blade over the first connecting portion and the second connecting portion. The second ground plate is situated on an opposite side of the blade over the first connecting portion, the second connecting portion, the first contact portion, and the second contact portion.
Electrical connector having compliant contacts and a circuit board assembly including the same
Electrical connector having a plurality of compliant contacts coupled to a connector body. Each of the compliant contacts includes a base portion and first and second legs extending from the base portion to respective distal ends in a mounting direction. Each of the first and second legs includes an inner edge and an outer edge. Each of the inner edges extends from the base portion to a corresponding inflection area. A gap between the first and second legs decreases as the inner edges approach the corresponding inflection areas in the mounting direction. The inflection areas of the inner edges directly interface with each other at a contact zone.
Cable connector assembly for a communication system
A cable connector assembly includes a carrier having an insulative sheet with a substrate side fixedly mounted to a substrate and a contact side opposite the substrate side. A first conductive contact is secured to the contact side of the carrier. The first conductive contact has a pad coupled to a center conductor of a cable and a spring beam extending from the pad of the first conductive contact. The spring beam of the first conductive contact is resiliently deformed against a corresponding printed electronic on the substrate. A second conductive contact is secured to the contact side of the carrier. The second conductive contact has a pad coupled to an outer conductor of the cable and a spring beam extending from the pad of the second conductive contact. The spring beam of the second conductive contact is resiliently deformed against a corresponding printed electronic on the substrate.
Push-on coaxial connector
A push-on coaxial cable connector includes a port grip, a joint, and a cable clamp.
Electrical connector for strip cable
An electrical connector is disclosed having a body with a cable receiving space, and at least two rows of first through holes. At least two conductive plates are positioned on the upper surface of the body, each conductive plate having at least two second through holes positioned over the corresponding first through holes. A first and second strip cable is positioned in the cable receiving space, each cable having an insulation layer, and at least two conductors embedded in the insulation layer. At least four conductive bolts are provided, each bolt positioned through the first and second through holes, through the insulation layer, and in contact with the conductor.
Methods and compositions for destructive interference
A composition for destructive interference in at least a portion of the frequency range from about 1 GHz to about 20 GHz can comprise a dielectric and a conductive filler mixed with at least a portion of the dielectric, wherein the percentage volume of the conductive filler relative to the total volume of the composition is configured such that the wavelength of sensitivity for the composition is on the order of a wavelength of an incident electromagnetic radiation in at least a portion of the frequency range from about 1 GHz to about 20 GHz.
Compact, broadband, omni antenna for indoor/outdoor applications
An antenna, including a broadband bi-conical antenna including a lower antenna element and an upper conical antenna element, the lower antenna element including a lower conical antenna element and a meandered counterpoise element, which meandered counterpoise element is disposed at a base end of the lower conical antenna element and is integrally formed therewith, a reflector having a projection in a plane generally perpendicular to a vertical axis of the bi-conical radiating element, and a feed arrangement for feeding the bi-conical radiating element.
Antenna apparatus, communication apparatus, and antenna apparatus manufacturing method
An antenna apparatus, which is assembled into an electronic apparatus and made communicatable upon receipt of a magnetic field transmitted from a transmitter, includes a laminated member made by mutually superimposing an antenna coil inductively coupled to the transmitter and formed on an antenna substrate with a magnetic sheet for drawing a magnetic field transmitted from the transmitter to the antenna coil, a film-shaped protective member that covers the laminated member at least up to an end portion of the magnetic sheet, and a communication processing unit that carries out communication to and from the transmitter and is driven by an electric current flowing through the antenna coil.
Utilization of antenna loading for impedance matching
Techniques for utilization of antenna loading for impedance matching are described. In at least some embodiments, a device (e.g., a smart phone) includes multiple antennas that are employed to send and receive wireless signals for the device. The device further includes impedance matching functionality communicatively connected to the antennas, and configured to perform impedance matching for one of the antennas based on loading (e.g., dielectric loading) of another of the antennas.
Method for determining an antenna pattern in a reverberant environment
A method for determining a direct antenna coupling in a reverberant environment is disclosed. Radiowave energy is emitted in the reverberant environment from a transmitting antenna to a receiving antenna at a plurality of frequencies, and discrete frequency stirring data is collected at a plurality of frequencies. The discrete frequency stirring data is amplitude corrected and phase corrected using an expected amplitude shift and an expected phase shift at each of the frequencies to provide corrected discrete frequency stirring data. The direct antenna coupling is determined based on the corrected discrete frequency stirring data.
A portable terminal which can be made light, slim, short, and small is provided. The portable terminal includes an antenna mounted to an inner side surface of a body of the portable terminal, and a rear case covering at least a portion of an inner side of the body and having a battery mounting space. The antenna and the rear case are separably coupled to a rear surface of the body to be exposed to outside the rear surface of the body. The portable terminal may include a speaker module provided at an upper end of a body of the portable terminal within the body, a mounting plate mounted to one side of the speaker module within the body, and a microphone holder fixed to one surface of the mounting plate. The portable terminal can be miniaturized by reducing installation widths of parts disposed parallel to a speaker module.
Optically transparent, radio frequency, planar transmission lines
A high radio frequency transmission line having a dielectric substrate with two sides and constructed of a transparent material. An electrically conductive strip extends along at least a portion of one side of the substrate. An electrically conductive film is deposited on one of the sides of the substrate at a position spaced from the conductive strip. This conductive film has a thickness sufficiently small so that the film is substantially transparent.
Battery system with absorption device
A battery system having a plurality of cells in a battery housing, and an absorption device arranged in the battery housing to absorbs fluid that has escaped in the battery housing.
Unitary energy storage and sensing batteries
A battery apparatus having an electrochemical cell that includes an electrically insulating hollow mandrel, a pair of active materials wound on the mandrel, and a sensing unit located within the mandrel and coupled to the pair of active materials through a pair of contacts. The active materials are connected and separated by an electrolyte. The sensing unit is configured to monitor conditions of the cell and to generate a signal indicative of a sensed condition for communication to a battery management unit.
Top cover and battery pack having the same
A top cover includes a cover plate covering a plurality of battery cells and having an opening in at least one portion thereof, and at least one temperature measuring member mounted in the opening so as to measure a temperature of one the battery cells, the temperature measuring member having a temperature measuring portion coming in contact with the battery cell.
Temperature controlling system and method for battery
The present invention provides a temperature controlling system for a battery in an energy storage system, the temperature controlling system including: a converter comprising a plurality of switches and a converter inductor, the converter being configured to increase or decrease a voltage of the battery; a DC linker comprising first and second capacitors that are coupled in series and configured to stabilize an output voltage of the converter; and an inverter comprising a plurality of switches and an inductor, the inverter being configured to invert an input voltage, wherein the inverter further comprises a switch coupled between a terminal of the inductor and a first node between the first and second capacitors of the DC linker to provide a current from the inductor to the battery.
In a lead-acid battery including an electrode plate group housed in a cell chamber 6 with an electrolyte, each positive electrode plate includes a positive electrode grid made of lead or a lead alloy containing no antimony, and a positive electrode active material with which the positive electrode grid is filled. Each negative electrode plate includes a negative electrode grid made of lead or a lead alloy containing no antimony, a surface layer formed on a surface of the negative electrode grid and made of a lead alloy containing antimony, and a negative electrode active material with which the negative electrode grid is filled. A mass ratio MN/MP falls within a range of 0.70 to 1.10, where MP represents the mass of the positive electrode active material per cell chamber, and MN represents the mass of the negative electrode active material per cell chamber.
Gel polymer electrolyte composition
An objective of the present invention is to provide a gel polymer electrolyte composition which exhibits excellent electrolyte retaining ability, excellent ion conductivity, higher mechanical strength and excellent shape preservation, which does not require an extra step for crosslinking, and which can provide a secondary battery with excellent cycle properties and a vinyl acetal polymer used for a gel polymer electrolyte composition. There are provided a vinyl acetal polymer for a gel polymer electrolyte composition, wherein the vinyl acetal polymer has a cationic functional group, as well as a gel polymer electrolyte composition comprising the vinyl acetal polymer and an electrolyte solution, wherein a weight ratio of the vinyl acetal polymer to the electrolyte solution is 0.5:99.5 to 9:91.
Sulfide solid electrolyte material and lithium solid state battery
The main object of the present invention is to provide a sulfide solid electrolyte material with high Li ion conductivity. The present invention solves the problem by providing a sulfide solid electrolyte material comprising an ion conductor with an ortho-composition, and LiI, characterized in that the sulfide solid electrolyte material is glass with a glass transition point.
Method for preparing secondary battery and the secondary battery prepared by using the same
Disclosed is a method for producing a secondary battery in which an electrode assembly comprising a cathode, an anode and a separator interposed between the cathode and the anode is accommodated in a battery case, the method comprising inserting the electrode assembly into the battery case, injecting an electrolyte into the battery case accommodating the electrode assembly to obtain a secondary battery, storing the secondary battery at a SOC of 1 to 20 for 3 hours to 10 days, removing gas present in the secondary battery, and sealing the battery case, wherein the anode comprises lithium titanium oxide (LTO) represented by the following Formula 1 as an anode active material: LiaTibO4−cAc (1) wherein a, b and c are determined according to an oxidation number of M′ within ranges of 0.5≦a≦3, 1≦b≦2.5, and 0≦c<0.2; and A is at least one monovalent or bivalent anion. Disclosed is also a secondary battery produced by the method.
Fuel cell system and method for controlling fuel cell system
A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell, a fuel-gas supply path, a fuel-gas circulation path, a first flow adjuster, an ejector, a bypass flow path, and a second flow adjuster. The fuel cell has a fuel-gas flow path and an oxidant-gas flow path. The bypass flow path connects an upstream section of the fuel-gas supply path located upstream of the first flow adjuster to a downstream section of the fuel-gas supply path located downstream of the ejector so as to cause fuel gas to bypass the first flow adjuster and the ejector. The second flow adjuster is provided in the bypass flow path to adjust a flow rate of the fuel gas by intermittently ejecting the fuel gas at a larger flow rate than the first flow adjuster.
Fuel cell electrode and method for manufacturing membrane-electrode assembly using the same
The present invention provides a fuel cell electrode, and a method for manufacturing a membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) using the same. The fuel cell electrode is formed by adding carbon nanotubes to reinforce the mechanical strength of the electrode, cerium-zirconium oxide particles to prevent corrosion of a polymer electrolyte membrane, and an alloy catalyst prepared by alloying a second metal (such as Ir, Pd, Cu, Co, Cr, Ni, Mn, Mo, Au, Ag, V, etc.) with platinum to prevent the dissolution, migration, and agglomeration of platinum.
Secondary battery including collectors with pores and manufacturing method thereof
A secondary battery and a manufacturing method thereof are disclosed. In one embodiment, the battery includes an electrode assembly and a case accommodating the electrode assembly. The electrode assembly may include i) a first electrode plate comprising a first collector and a first active material layer formed on at least one side of the first collector, ii) a second electrode plate comprising a second collector and a second active material layer formed on at least one side of the second collector and iii) a separator interposed between the first and second electrode plates. In one embodiment, a plurality of pores are formed only in part of the first and second collectors.
Composite carbon fibers
An object of the present invention is to provide composite carbon fibers in which multiwalled carbon nanotubes are homogeneously dispersed between graphitized carbon nanofibers and near the surface of the graphitized carbon nanofibers, the composite carbon fibers being capable of easily being dispersed in a matrix such as resin without leaving aggregates, and also imparting low resistance. Disclosed are composite carbon fibers comprising multiwalled carbon nanotubes having a fiber diameter of 5 nm or more and 30 nm or less and graphitized carbon nanofibers having a fiber diameter of 50 nm or more and 300 nm or less, wherein the multiwalled carbon nanotubes are homogeneously dispersed between the graphitized carbon nanofibers and near the surface of the graphitized carbon nanofibers.
Radical composition and battery using same
The present invention provides a radical composition capable of suppressing elution of electrode components in an electrolyte solution when used in an electrode for a secondary battery, and a battery using the radical composition. The present invention relates to a radical composition including a pyrroline nitroxide polymer and polyethylene glycols.
High voltage lithium ion positive electrode material
A positive electrode material having a nominal stoichiometry Li1+y/2Co1−x−y−z−dSizFexMyM′d(PO4)1+y/2 where M is a trivalent cation selected from at least one of Cr, Ti, Al, Mn, Ni, V, Sc, La and/or Ga, M′ is a divalent cation selected from at least one of Mn, Ni, Zn, Sr, Cu, Ca and/or Mg, y is within a range of 0
Positive electrode material and positive electrode for nickel—zinc secondary battery and method for manufacturing positive electrode
The present invention provides a positive electrode material for a nickel-zinc secondary battery, a positive electrode for a nickel-zinc secondary battery and a method for preparing the positive electrode. The positive electrode material for a nickel-zinc secondary battery provided by the present invention includes: 68 wt %˜69 wt % positive electrode active material, 0.6 wt %˜1 wt % yttrium oxide, 0.2 wt %˜0.6 wt % calcium hydroxide, 3.5 wt %˜4 wt % nickel powder, and a binder in balance; the positive electrode active material being a spherical nickel hydroxide coated with Co (III). The positive electrode material for a nickel-zinc secondary battery provided by the present invention contains no Co(II) ion and cadmium ion. The positive electrode prepared by the positive electrode material provided by the present invention can reduce the amount of hydrogen evolved in the battery while ensuring relatively high electrode charging/discharging capacity.
Active material for secondary battery
An active material for a secondary battery whose lifetime characteristics are improved is provided. The active material for a secondary battery includes a first active material represented by Lip[M1mM22-m-nM3n]O4, wherein M1 is at least one selected from Ni, Cr, Fe, Co, and Cu; M2 is at least one selected from Mn, Ti, and Si, and contains Mn; M3 is at least one selected from Li, B, Mg, Al, Na, and Ca; and 0≦p, 0
Intercalation electrode based on ordered graphene planes
An intercalation electrode includes an electron current collector and graphene planes deposited normal to the surface of the current collector substrate. The graphene planes are deposited on the current collector substrate from a carbon-precursor gas using, for example, chemical vapor deposition. In an embodiment of an anode for a lithium-ion battery, the graphene planes are intercalated with lithium atoms. A lithium-ion battery may include this anode, a cathode, and a non-aqueous electrolyte. In repeated charging and discharging of the anode, lithium atoms and ions are readily transported between the graphene planes of the anode and the electrolyte.
Battery pack including spacer receiving conductive member
A battery pack that has one or more batteries and a protection circuit module. The battery pack includes protection tab members that connect to the batteries and the tab members include a tab that has a coupling component that extends towards the batteries. The battery pack also includes a conductive member that connects the connection tab member to the protection circuit module. The battery pack also includes spacers that receive the connection tabs and that couple to the coupling component of the connection tabs and are interconnected to the conductive member and the spacers.
Electrode assembly and rechargeable battery using the same
An electrode assembly includes a positive electrode including a positive electrode current collector and a positive electrode active material layer on the positive electrode current collector, a negative electrode including a negative electrode current collector and a negative electrode active material layer on the negative electrode current collector, and a separator between the positive and negative electrodes, the separator including a heat-resistive unit and a lubrication unit, the heat-resistive unit having a heat-resistive material, and the lubrication unit being at an inner front end of the spirally winding separator and having a friction coefficient that is lower than that of the heat-resistive unit.
Polyolefin-based split-type conjugate fiber, fiber assembly and battery separator using the same and method for producing the same
A polyolefin-based split-type conjugate fiber according to the present invention is a polyolefin-based split-type conjugate fiber obtained by composite spinning including a first component containing a polypropylene-based resin and a second component containing a polyolefin-based resin, wherein the first component contains, as a primary component, a polypropylene resin having a Q value (the ratio between the weight average molecular weight Mw and the number average molecular weight Mn) of 6 or greater and a melt flow rate according to JIS K 7210 (MFR at a measurement temperature of 230° C. under a load of 2.16 kgf (21.18 N)) of 5 g/10 min or greater and less than 23 g/10 min, and the first component and the second component are adjacent to each other in a cross section of the polyolefin-based split-type conjugate fiber. Also, the polyolefin-based split-type conjugate fiber of the present invention can be obtained by melt spinning the first component and the second component by using a split type conjugate nozzle and drawing the resulting fiber.
Disclosed is a battery module including a plurality of battery cells arranged in one direction, a barrier disposed between the plurality of battery cells; and a housing accommodating the battery cells and the barrier, wherein the barrier includes at least one linear member having a plurality of protrusions, and first and second lateral members respectively connected to one end portion and another end portion of the linear member, and the first and second lateral members include at least one opening.
Protective battery case to partially enclose a mobile electronic device
A protective battery case for use with a mobile electronic device can include a back wall, a right side wall, a left side wall, a bottom wall, and a top wall. The protective battery case can include a battery, which can be disposed in the back wall. A device interface can be configured to engage a corresponding interface on the mobile electronic device to deliver electrical power from the battery to the mobile electronic device. A charging interface can be configured to receive electrical power for charging the battery. The protective battery case can include one or more bumpers disposed on the inside of the protective battery case such that the one or more bumpers abut against sides of the mobile electronic device to provide cushioning and/or shock absorption to protect the mobile electronic device.
A battery pack includes a battery cell; a case comprising a first case and a second case coupled together and accommodating the battery cell, wherein the first case includes a first rib extending circumferentially around the first case and generally defining a battery cell accommodation space for the battery cell around an interior of the first rib, the first rib having a ridged section comprising alternating thick portions and thin portions.
Organic light-emitting display apparatus and method of manufacturing the same
Provided is an organic light-emitting display apparatus. The organic light-emitting display apparatus includes: a substrate; an organic light-emitting device provided on the substrate and comprising a first electrode, a second electrode, and an intermediate layer provided between the first electrode and the second electrode; an encapsulation layer covering the organic light-emitting device; a base layer disposed under the substrate and having a pin hole formed therein; and a thermal conductive layer filling the pin hole.
Flexible display device and manufacturing method thereof
A flexible display device includes: a display substrate which is divided into a first region corresponding to a within-cell region of an integrated devices sheet from which the flexible display device is cut and into a second region corresponding to an outside-the-cell region of the integrated devices sheet, where within the first region there is provided a display unit including a light emitting element layer; a patterned inorganic film layer formed to be substantially continuously present within the first region of the display substrate and to be not present or not substantially continuously present within the second region of the display substrate; and a thin film encapsulation layer formed on the inorganic film layer to encapsulate the substantially continuously present portion of the inorganic film layer that is within the first region and the display unit, wherein an outer boundary of the thin film encapsulation layer is located more inwardly and toward an outer boundary of the display unit than is an outer boundary of the substantially continuously present portion of the inorganic film layer.
Organic electroluminescent element and method for manufacturing organic electroluminescent element
An organic electroluminescent element including: a lower electrode; an organic functional layer on the lower electrode; and an upper electrode on the organic functional layer, wherein profile of an upper surface of the upper electrode has a skewness of between −0.5 and 0.7 inclusive.
Electronic device and manufacturing method therefor
An electronic device includes a substrate, a first conductive layer disposed over the substrate, an organic insulating layer, including an organic material, disposed over the first conductive layer and having an aperture exposing a portion of the first conductive layer, a second conductive layer, which is metallic, covering a top face of the organic insulating layer, an inner circumferential face that faces the aperture in the organic insulating layer, and the exposed portion of the first conductive layer, and an intermediate layer that includes an oxide or a nitride, disposed only between the second conductive layer and the inner circumferential face that faces the aperture in the organic insulating layer. The first conductive layer and the second conductive layer are in contact at the bottom face of the aperture in the organic insulating layer.
Light-emitting device including a first resistance layer with a creeping-up portion
Light-emitting device including a supporting substrate, a partition wall dividing a plurality of EL elements on the supporting substrate, and the EL elements provided in a concave portion that is a space between the partition walls. Each EL element is constituted by a first electrode, a first resistance layer formed by an applying method, a second resistance layer having an electric resistance higher than that of the first resistance layer, a light-emitting layer, and a second electrode in this order so that the first electrode is located near the supporting substrate. The first resistance layer includes a creeping-up portion creeping up to a direction that is away from the supporting substrate and along the surface of the corresponding partition wall; and the second resistance layer is provided by ranging continuously over one EL element to another EL element that are adjacent to each other with the partition wall interposed therebetween.
Light-emitting element, comprising an organometallic complex light-emitting material, a light-emitting device and an electronic device comprising the light-emitting element
To provide a light-emitting element with high light emission efficiency, a long lifetime, and reduced driving voltage. To provide a light-emitting element including an anode, a cathode, and a plurality of light-emitting layers which are in contact with each other so that a stacked structure is formed, between the anode and the cathode, in which the plurality of light-emitting layers are formed with a first light-emitting layer which is close to the anode and a second light-emitting layer which is close to the cathode, the first light-emitting layer and the second light-emitting layer each include a host material, a hole-transporting material, and a light-emitting material, and the concentration of the hole-transporting material in the first light-emitting layer is higher than the concentration of the hole-transporting material in the second light-emitting layer.
Display device and electronic device
A bendable display device, lighting device, or electronic device which is unlikely to be broken when handled. The display device, lighting device, or electronic device includes two flexible substrates, and at least one of the two flexible substrates contains a plurality of glass fibers extending in one direction. Accordingly, the display device, lighting device, or electronic device has low flexibility in the one direction and is unlikely to be broken when handled.
Aminoferrocene derivative and tandem organic light-emitting diode containing the same
An aminoferrocene derivative is represented by the formula (I): wherein Ar1 and Ar2 independently represent a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C10 aryl group. The aminoferrocene derivative is useful for forming a p-type carrier generation layer of a tandem OLED so that the tandem OLED has superior luminous efficiencies in terms of maximum luminance, maximum external quantum efficiency, maximum current efficiency, etc.
Organic electroluminescent device
An organic electroluminescent device that includes at least two phosphorescent emitting layers, where phosphorescent emitter layer 1 comprises a hole-conducting matrix material and two different phosphorescent emitters, and phosphorescent emitter layer 2 comprises an electron-conducting matrix material and a phosphorescent emitter.
Replication of patterned thin-film structures for use in plasmonics and metamaterials
The present invention provides templating methods for replicating patterned metal films from a template substrate such as for use in plasmonic devices and metamaterials. Advantageously, the template substrate is reusable and can provide plural copies of the structure of the template substrate. Because high-quality substrates that are inherently smooth and flat are available, patterned metal films in accordance with the present invention can advantageously provide surfaces that replicate the surface characteristics of the template substrate both in the patterned regions and in the unpatterned regions.
Variable resistive memory device and method of fabricating the same and method of driving the same
Provided are a variable resistive memory device, and methods of fabricating and driving the same. The variable resistive memory device includes a plurality of memory cells arranged in a first direction and in a second direction different from the first direction, each of the plurality of memory cells comprising a variable resistor and a selection device serially connected to the variable resistor. A common wiring is electrically connected to first ends of the plurality of memory cells to apply a common reference voltage. Each wiring line of a plurality of wiring lines is electrically connected to second ends of the plurality of memory cells arranged in the plurality of rows oriented in the first direction. A plurality of selection lines are respectively connected to the selection devices of the plurality of memory cells to select any one of the plurality of memory cells via the plurality of wiring lines.
Electronic device and method for fabricating the same
An electronic device including a semiconductor memory unit that includes a cell structure having two memory cells, which share one selector, wherein the cell structure includes first electrodes, variable resistance patterns and second electrodes which are symmetrically disposed on both sides of the selector.
MRAM device and fabrication method thereof
According to an embodiment, a magnetoresistive random access memory (MRAM) device comprises a bottom electrode, a stack, a dielectric material, a dielectric layer, and a conductive material. The bottom electrode is over a substrate, and the stack is over the bottom electrode. The stack comprises a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) and a top electrode. The dielectric material is along a sidewall of the stack, and the dielectric material has a height greater than a thickness of the MTJ and less than a stack height. The dielectric layer is over the stack and the dielectric material. The conductive material extends through the dielectric layer to the top electrode of the stack.
Perpendicular magnetization storage element and storage device
A storage element includes a storage layer which has magnetization perpendicular to its film surface and which retains information by a magnetization state of a magnetic substance, a magnetization pinned layer having magnetization perpendicular to its film surface which is used as the basis of the information stored in the storage layer, an interlayer of a non-magnetic substance provided between the storage layer and the magnetization pinned layer, and a cap layer which is provided adjacent to the storage layer at a side opposite to the interlayer and which includes at least two oxide layers. The storage element is configured to store information by reversing the magnetization of the storage layer using spin torque magnetization reversal generated by a current passing in a laminate direction of a layer structure including the storage layer, the interlayer, and the magnetization pinned layer.
Memory cells and methods of fabrication
Memory cells are disclosed. Magnetic regions within the memory cells include an alternating structure of magnetic sub-regions and coupler sub-regions. The coupler material of the coupler sub-regions antiferromagnetically couples neighboring magnetic sub-regions and effects or encourages a vertical magnetic orientation exhibited by the neighboring magnetic sub-regions. Neighboring magnetic sub-regions, spaced from one another by a coupler sub-region, exhibit oppositely-directed magnetic orientations. The magnetic and coupler sub-regions may each be of a thickness tailored to form the magnetic region in a compact structure. Interference between magnetic dipole fields emitted from the magnetic region on switching of a free region in the memory cell may be reduced or eliminated. Also disclosed are semiconductor device structures, spin torque transfer magnetic random access memory (STT-MRAM) systems, and methods of fabrication.
High temperature superconducting materials and methods for modifying and creating same
In some implementations of the invention, existing high temperature superconducting materials (“HTS materials”) may be modified and/or new HTS materials may be created by enhancing (in the case of existing HTS materials) and/or creating (in the case of new HTS materials) an aperture within the HTS material such that the aperture is maintained at increased temperatures so as not to impede propagation of electrical charge there through. In some implementations of the invention, as long as the propagation of electrical charge through the aperture remains unimpeded, the material should remain in a superconducting state; otherwise, as the propagation of electrical charge through the aperture becomes impeded, the HTS material begins to transition into a non-superconducting state.
Internally heated concentrated solar power (CSP) thermal absorber
A system and method are disclosed for internally heated concentrated solar power (CSP) thermal absorbers. The system and method involve an energy-generating device having at least one heating unit. At least one heating unit preheats the energy-generating device in order to expedite the startup time of the energy-generating device, thereby allowing for an increase in efficiency for the production of energy. In some embodiments, the energy-generating device is a CSP thermal absorber. The CSP thermal absorber comprises a housing, a thermal barrier, a light-transparent reservoir containing a liquid alkali metal, at least one alkali metal thermal-to-electric converter (AMTEC) cell, an artery return channel, and at least one heating unit. Each heating unit comprises a heating device and a metal fin. The metal fin is submerged into the liquid alkali metal, thereby allowing the heating device to heat the liquid alkali metal via the fin.
Semiconductor element for a thermoelectric module, method for producing the semiconductor element and thermoelectric module
A semiconductor element includes at least a thermoelectric material and a first frame part which are force-lockingly connected to one another, with the frame part forming a diffusion barrier for the thermoelectric material and an electrical conductor. A method for producing the semiconductor element as well as a thermoelectric module having at least two semiconductor elements, are also provided.
Optoelectronic module comprising an optical waveguide and method for producing same
An optoelectronic module (202, 204, 206, 208, 210, 212, 214, 216, 218, 220, 222, 224, 226, 228, 230, 232, 234) comprises a carrier (102), at which and/or in which are arranged at least two semiconductor chips (104, 104a1, 104a2, 104b; 106, 106a1, 106a2, 106b, 106c) for emitting electromagnetic radiation (108a, 108b). An emission unit (110) for emitting electromagnetic radiation (109) from the optoelectronic module (202, 204, 206, 208, 210, 212, 214, 216, 218, 220, 222, 224, 226, 228, 230, 232, 234) is arranged on or in the carrier (102). At least one of the semiconductor chips (106, 106a1, 106a2, 106b, 106c) is spaced apart from the emission unit (110). A waveguide (112) guides the electromagnetic radiation (108a) of the at least one spaced-apart semiconductor chip (106, 106a1, 106a2, 106b, 106c) to the emission unit (110). The emission unit (110) has a coupling-out structure (114, 114a, 114b, 114c) for coupling out the electromagnetic radiation (108a) from the waveguide (112).
Phosphor particle group and light emitting apparatus using the same
Provided is a phosphor particle group of divalent europium-activated oxynitride green light emitting phosphor particles each of which is a β-type SiAlON substantially represented by a general formula: EuaSibAlcOdNe, where 0.005≦a≦0.4, b+c=12, d+e=16, wherein 60% or more of the phosphor particle group is composed of the phosphor particles in which a value obtained by dividing a longer particle diameter by a shorter particle diameter is greater than 1.0 and not greater than 3.0. A high-efficiency and stable light emitting apparatus using a β-type SiAlON, which includes a light converter using the phosphor particle group, and a phosphor particle group therefor are also provided.
Light emitting device, light emitting device package comprising the same and lighting system
A light emitting device including a support substrate, an adhesive layer on the support substrate, a conductive layer on the adhesive layer, a light emitting structure on the conductive layer, the light emitting structure including a first semiconductor layer containing AlGaN, an active layer, and a second semiconductor layer containing AlGaN, a first electrode on the light emitting structure, a metal layer disposed under the conductive layer and at an adjacent region of the conductive layer, and a passivation layer disposed on a side surface of the light emitting structure, wherein the first electrode is vertically non-overlapped with the conductive layer, wherein the conductive layer includes a first layer and a second layer on the first layer, wherein the second layer directly contacts with the light emitting structure, wherein the metal layer directly contacts with the light emitting structure, wherein the metal layer is expanded to an outer area of the light emitting structure, and wherein the passivation layer is disposed on the metal layer at the outer surface of the light emitting structure.
Nitride semiconductor ultraviolet light-emitting element
A nitride semiconductor ultraviolet light-emitting element is provided with: an underlying structure portion including a sapphire (0001) substrate and an AlN layer formed on the substrate; and a light-emitting element structure portion including an n-type cladding layer of an n-type AlGaN based semiconductor layer, an active layer having an AlGaN based semiconductor layer, and a p-type cladding layer of a p-type AlGaN based semiconductor layer, formed on the underlying structure portion. The (0001) surface of the substrate is inclined at an off angle which is equal to or greater than 0.6° and is equal to or smaller than 3.0°, and an AlN molar fraction of the n-type cladding layer is equal to or higher than 50%.
Method for separating semiconductor devices using nanoporous structure
The present invention relates to a method for separating semiconductor devices from a substrate using a nanoporous structure, wherein electrochemical etching is carried out in the absence of a surface metal layer, then the surface metal layer is deposited, and then a GaN thin film is transferred onto a metal wafer by means of wafer bonding and lift-off. The method for separating the semiconductor devices using a nanoporous structure includes the steps of: growing a first n-type nitride layer on the substrate; growing a dielectric layer on the first n-type nitride layer; forming a nanoporous structure in the first n-type nitride layer by means of electrochemical etching; re-growing a second n-type nitride layer on the first n-type nitride layer so as to form a second n-type nitride layer containing the dielectric layer; growing a multi-quantum well structure and a p-type nitride layer on the second n-type nitride layer for bonding with a conductive substrate; and separating the semiconductor devices from the substrate through selective HF etching of the dielectric layer.
Compact light sensing modules including reflective surfaces to enhance light collection and/or emission, and methods of fabricating such modules
The disclosure describes light sensing optoelectronic modules that include reflective surfaces to enhance light collection and/or light emission. For example, an optoelectronic module can include a light sensing element mounted on a substrate. A spacer over the substrate has a through-hole over the light sensing element. The through-hole is defined by a surface that is at least partially sloped or curved with respect to a plane of the substrate. The surface is highly reflective for light detectable by the light sensing element. Various methods for fabricating the modules are described as well.
Solar cell and method of manufacturing the same
A solar cell is discussed. The solar cell according to an embodiment includes a semiconductor substrate, a first conductive type region and a second conductive type region disposed on the same side of the semiconductor substrate, wherein at least one of the first and second conductive type regions includes a main region and a boundary region disposed at a peripheral portion of the main region, and the boundary region has at least one of a varying doping concentration and a varying doping depth.
A plasmonic phototransistor includes a photon to surface-plasmon-polariton (SPP) transducer including and an optical coupling structure configured to receive incident light and an electrically conducting layer having a first and a second surface. The second surface is on the optical coupling structure and the first surface generates SPPs responsive to the incident light. A gate dielectric layer is on the first surface. A two dimensional (2D) electrically conductive material is on the gate dielectric layer having electrical properties sensitive to electromagnetic fields of the SPP. Source and drain contacts are on the 2D electrically conductive material. Dynamic electric fields of the SPPs reach the 2D electrically conductive material that are operable to electric field-induce modulation of an electrical conductance of the 2D electrically conductive material which is sensed from the source and drain contacts.