Method and apparatus for use in the manufacture of a display element
Methods and apparatus for use in the manufacture of a display element. Some embodiments include a method for selective pick up of a subset of a plurality of electronic devices adhered to a handle layer. The method comprises modifying a level of adhesion between one or more electronic devices of the plurality of electronic devices adhered to the handle layer, such that the subset of the plurality of electronic devices has a level of adhesion to the handle layer that is less than a force applied by a pick up tool, PUT. This enables selective pick up of the subset of the plurality of electronic devices from the handle layer by the PUT.
A crossflow heat-exchanger has first and second sets of fluid-flow channels arranged such that each set crosses the other to afford heat-exchange between cooling air in the first set and hot air in the second set, without the cooling air and the hot air contacting one another. A first series of fans causes flow of the external cooling air through the rows. A second series of fans causes flow of the internal hot air through the columns. External and internal fan controllers control the speed of each fan independently such that external cooling air flows through different rows at different rates and internal hot air flows through different columns at different rates.
Air generating system for reservoir tank, immersion cooling apparatus having the same, and method for operating the same
The disclosure relates to an air generating system for reservoir tank, an immersion cooling apparatus having the same and a method for operating the same. The air generating system is adapted for a reservoir tank. The reservoir tank has a liquid accommodation space and an opening connected to each other. The air generating system includes a first air generating assembly configured to be disposed on the reservoir tank and to generate an airflow distribution at the opening or between the opening and the liquid accommodation space.
Assist mechanism for information handling system
A mechanism for servicing a sled installed in a server includes a grip bar, and a four-bar linkage connected to the grip bar. The four-bar linkage has a first position that engages the sled to a chassis of the server, and a second position that disengages the sled from the chassis of the server. Movement of the grip bar moves the four-bar linkage from the first position to the second position, thus disengaging the sled from the chassis and allowing the sled to be removed from the chassis for service.
Dual server chassis
In another aspect, a server chassis is configured to mount to a server rack. The server chassis includes a first housing that includes a first sidewall, where the first housing is configured to mount to the server rack and house a first electronic component, and a second housing that includes a second sidewall, the second housing configured to mount to the server rack and house a second electronic component. The first housing includes a first bracket mounted to the first sidewall of the first housing, and the second housing includes a second bracket mounted to the second sidewall of the second housing. The second bracket of the second housing is engagable to the first bracket of the first housing to secure the first housing and the second housing to each other.
Implantable medical device having an improved architecture
An implantable medical device including a hermetic housing, at least one electronic board housed in the housing, a module for heat dissipation and shock absorption, housed in the housing and arranged between the electronic board and an internal wall of the housing, the module having a first layer of thermal paste placed in the internal space of the housing and deposited on the electronic board, a second, metal layer of high thermal conductivity deposited on the first layer, a third layer of thermal paste deposited on the second layer and positioned so as to come into contact with the internal wall of the housing, the third layer having a structure with a plurality of cavities distributed over the entire area of contact of the third layer with the internal wall of the housing.
In some examples, the disclosure describes an accelerometer including a proof mass, and a housing enclosing the proof mass. The accelerometer includes a cold temperature sink defining a condensing surface. In some examples, the disclosure describes a technique for making an accelerometer. The example technique includes forming a cold temperature sink defining a condensing surface, and enclosing a proof mass in the housing. The condensing surface is configured to promote at least one of condensation or ice formation in an interior of the housing. The condensing surface is spaced from the proof mass to divert at least one of condensate or ice away from the proof mass.
Moisture control systems for enclosures
An enclosure system can include an enclosure comprising at least one wall forming a first cavity. The enclosure system can further include a moisture control system in communication with the enclosure, wherein the moisture control system controls at least one condition within the cavity of the enclosure, where the at least one condition affects an amount of moisture within the first cavity. The moisture control system can include a sensor that measures an amount of moisture in desiccant disposed within a desiccant vessel. The moisture control system can include a structural filter and a desiccant vessel, where the structural filter is coupled to an enclosure and disposed within a cavity formed by the enclosure, where the desiccant vessel is removably coupled to the structural filter, and where the desiccant vessel is accessible from outside the enclosure.
Adjustable facial-interface systems for head-mounted displays
A facial-interface system for a head-mounted-display device may include a facial interface and a facial-interface adjustment apparatus. The facial-interface adjustment apparatus may include (1) an interface-mounting member for mounting the facial-interface adjustment apparatus to a display housing, and (2) a pivot member coupled to the facial interface and rotatably coupled to the interface-mounting member such that that the facial interface is rotatable between a plurality of positions relative to the interface-mounting member. A head-mounted-display device may include a facial interface, a display housing, and a facial-interface adjustment apparatus. The facial-interface adjustment apparatus may include (1) an interface-mounting member disposed in an interior of the display housing, and (2) a pivot member coupled to the facial interface and rotatably coupled to the interface-mounting member such that that the facial interface is rotatable between a plurality of positions relative to the display housing. Various other apparatuses, systems, and methods are also disclosed.
Portable information device
A portable information device that can stably support a display is disclosed. The portable information device includes a first chassis member; a second chassis member; a hinge mechanism; a display whose back surface is supported by front surfaces of a first support plate and a second support plate; an alignment part that aligns the front surfaces between one edge of the first support plate and one edge of the second support plate adjacent to each other, in a flat form; a first support part that supports the first support plate relative to the first chassis member; and a second support part that supports the second support plate relative to the second chassis member. At least one of the first support part and the second support part includes a floating part that supports a corresponding support plate relative to a corresponding chassis member in a floating state.
An exemplary embodiment provides a display device including: a display panel configured to include a first area, and a second area and a third area respectively disposed at opposite sides of the first area in a first direction; a first roller unit configured to wind the second area thereon; and a second roller unit configured to wind the third area of the display panel in an opposite direction to that of the first roller unit, wherein a distance between the first roller unit and the second roller unit which are separated from each other in the first direction can be adjusted.
The present disclosure provides a display device that include: a display panel that includes a display area and a peripheral area that is provided at the periphery of an edge of the display area; a window that is provided on one side of the display panel to protect the display panel; and an adhesive film that is provided between the display panel and the window to bond the display panel and the window to each other, wherein the adhesive film in an area that corresponds to the peripheral area and the adhesive film in an area that corresponds to the display area have different properties.
Clearance size reduction for backdrilled differential vias
A printed circuit board (PCB) may include a plurality of horizontally disposed signal layers. The PCB may include a first vertically disposed differential via electrically connected to a first horizontally disposed signal layer, of the plurality of horizontally disposed signal layers, and a second horizontally disposed signal layer of the plurality of horizontally disposed signal layers. The PCB may include a second vertically disposed differential via electrically connected to the first signal horizontally disposed layer and the second horizontally disposed signal layer. The PCB may include a first set of clearances encompassing the first vertically disposed differential via and the second vertically disposed differential via, a second set of clearances encompassing the first vertically disposed stub, and a third set of clearances encompassing the second vertically disposed stub.
Camera module with reduced light leakage and electronic device using same
A camera module with reduced light leakage includes a printed circuit board and a mounting bracket mounted on the printed circuit board. The printed circuit board includes a first surface and at least one side surface perpendicularly connected to the first surface. A step is defined at the printed circuit board. The step passes through the first surface and at least one side surface. A flange is defined on the mounting bracket. The flange is received and fixed in the step and this structure places less reliance on the strength and opacity of the particular adhesive used.
Circuit configuration for controlling a power semiconductor device with two circuit carriers and a plastic molded body and arrangement having said configuration
A circuit configuration for controlling a power semiconductor device has a first circuit carrier and a second circuit carrier arranged parallel to and spaced apart from the first, and having a plastic molded body arranged in an intermediate space between the first and second circuit carrier, wherein the first circuit carrier has a first conductor track with a first contact point, which can be implemented in particular as a contact pad or as a contact receptacle, which is arranged on a main side of the first circuit carrier facing the plastic molded body, wherein the second circuit carrier has a second conductor track with a second contact point, which is arranged on a main side of the second circuit carrier facing the plastic molded body, wherein the plastic molded body has a first holder for a first component with a first and a second contact device, and wherein the first contact device is electrically conductively connected to the first contact point and the second contact device is electrically conductively connected to the second contact point.
Composite substrate structure and manufacturing method thereof
A composite substrate structure includes a circuit substrate, a first anisotropic conductive film, a first glass substrate, a dielectric layer, a patterned circuit layer and a conductive via. The first anisotropic conductive film is disposed on the circuit substrate. The first glass substrate is disposed on the first anisotropic conductive film and has a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface. The first glass substrate includes a first circuit layer, a second circuit layer and at least one first conductive via. The first circuit layer is disposed on the first surface. The second circuit layer is disposed on the second surface. The first conductive via penetrates the first glass substrate and is electrically connected to the first circuit layer and the second circuit layer. The first glass substrate and the circuit substrate are respectively located on two opposite sides of the first anisotropic conductive film.
An electronic apparatus includes a conductive member and a printed circuit board, wherein the printed circuit board includes a printed wiring board having a signal wiring formed thereon, a first semiconductor device configured to output a digital signal to the signal wiring, and a second semiconductor device configured to input the digital signal output from the first semiconductor device via the signal wiring, wherein the signal wiring has a signal wiring pattern formed on a surficial layer located opposite the conductive member in the printed wiring board, and wherein the conductive member has an aperture formed therein and located opposite the signal wiring pattern or includes a flat plate portion and a recessed portion recessed in a direction more away from the printed wiring board than the flat plate portion.
EUV light generator
An EUV light generator including the following components: A. an electron storage ring including a first linear section and a second linear section; B. an electron supplier configured to supply the electron storage ring with an electron bunch; C. a high-frequency acceleration cavity disposed in the first linear section and configured to accelerate the electron bunch in such a way that a length Lez of the electron bunch satisfies “0.09 m≤Lez≤3 m;” and D. an undulator disposed in the second linear section and configured to output EUV light when the electron bunch enters the undulator.
System for generating a plasma jet of metal ions
A system for generating a plasma jet of metal ions is provided. This system includes a tube made of electrically insulating material containing a metal that is in the solid phase at room temperature and an anode making contact with this metal, a generator connected to this anode that is capable of producing a positive electrical potential at this anode, a heating element that is capable of heating a portion of the metal to a heating temperature Tc that is high enough to vaporize this portion of the metal, an electron source located on the outside of the tube and out of the longitudinal axis of the tube, and being capable of generating an electron stream that is able to ionize the vapor of the metal so as to form metal ions, such that the metal ions thus produced are capable of being accelerated by this potential and ejected out of the tube via the downstream end of the tube, and a portion of which are neutralized by electrons so as to form a plasma stream, the system operating without magnets and without an acceleration grid.
Light-emitting diode driving system for transmitting signal based on power line
A light-emitting diode driving system for transmitting a signal based on a power line comprising a switch unit, a control unit, a main power supply, and a secondary power supply, wherein the switch unit comprises a main input end, a secondary input end, an output end, and a controlled end. When the control unit is in an operating state, the switch unit is turned on. When the control unit outputs a high level signal to control the switch unit to be turned on, the main power supply outputs a main direct current power source to the switch unit, and when the control unit outputs a low level signal to control the switch unit to be turned on, the secondary power supply outputs a secondary direct current power source to the switch unit. The system can make the light emission effect of the light string more stable.
Power supply applied to multiple loads, integrated power supply and lighting fixture
The present disclosure provides a power supply applied to multiple loads, an integrated power supply and a lighting fixture. The power supply includes a first connector, at least one isolated power supply and at least one non-isolated power supply. The first connector is electrically connected with the at least one isolated power supply and the at least one non-isolated power supply, and is electrically connected with a controller, in order to adjust power states of the at least one isolated power supply and the at least one non-isolated power supply by receiving a power supply control signal from the controller. The at least one isolated power supply and the at least one non-isolated power supply are respectively connected with corresponding load circuit, to supply power to the load circuits, and control working states of the connected load circuits according to the power states thereof.
Methods and apparatus for detecting connection or disconnection of an auxiliary load to a driver
There is provided a driver having a primary output, for a primary load, and an auxiliary output, for an auxiliary load. A power supply of the driver supplies power to both outputs. Connection or disconnection of an auxiliary load is determined by detecting a change in power consumption at the auxiliary output, and an action is performed by a driver controller in response to this change in power consumption.
Battery cell manufacturing device using induction heating
A battery cell manufacturing apparatus for forming a sealing surplus portion includes a cradle configured to fix and mount a battery cell; one or more induction heating coils formed by winding an electrical wire at least one time at a position corresponding to an outer periphery of a pouch type case to generate an induced current in the outer periphery on which the sealing surplus portion is to be formed; a power supply configured to supply an alternating current to the induction heating coils; and at least two pressing members configured to press both sides of the outer periphery on which the sealing surplus portion is to be formed, wherein the outer periphery is induction-heated by a magnetic field generated in the induction heating coils and up to a temperature at which heat fusion is possible to form the sealing surplus portion.
Heater cable having a tapered profile
A self-regulating heater cable includes a PTC core formed of positive temperature coefficient material and disposed in electrical contact with at least two bus wires. The PTC core may encapsulate the bus wires and space the bus wires apart a predetermined distance via a connecting portion of the PTC core. The connecting portion has a tapered profile, and is thinner at the ends approximate the bus wires and thicker in a portion between the ends, which portion may be toward or at the center of the connecting portion. The thicknesses of the ends and the thicker portion are selected to produce a ratio that is within a range at which the heater cable produces heat at its outer surface with a substantially uniform profile, and primary heat generation of the heater cable has not shifted from the center of the connecting portion to the ends of the connecting portion.
A communication device may execute a specific wireless communication of object data via a first wireless network with a mobile device using a second type of interface after executing a specific process of sending a first wireless setting for causing the mobile device to belong to the first wireless network using a first type of interface in a first case where the communication device operates in a first state which is a parent station state or a child station state in the first wireless network and execute the specific wireless communication of the object data with the mobile device using the second type of interface after executing another process different from the specific process in a second case where the communication device operates in a second state which is different from the first state.
Method and system for communicating between private mesh network and public network
A network node (MR/BR node) is configured as a mesh router node in a first wireless network comprised of a plurality of first nodes and as a border router node in a second wireless network comprised of a plurality of second nodes, the second wireless network distinct from the first wireless network. The MR/BR node has a unique first address in the first wireless network and a unique second address in the second wireless network. In this way, the MR/BR node can receive a first communication in the first wireless network via the first address, and transmit the received first communication to at least one of the second nodes in the second wireless network. The MR/BR node can also receive a second communication in the second wireless network via the second address, and transmit the received second communication to at least one of the first nodes in the first wireless network.
Method and apparatus for accelerating ciphering and deciphering in wireless communication system
An apparatus and a method capable of effectively providing services in a mobile communication system, and a data processing method of a data reception apparatus are provided. The apparatus and method includes obtaining, by a first lower packet data convergence protocol (PDCP) layer and a second lower PDCP layer, a plurality of PDCP packet data units (PDUs) based on data received from a first base station (BS) and a second BS, parallel deciphering, by the first and second lower PDCP layers, the plurality of PDCP PDUs, transmitting, from the first and second lower PDCP layers to an upper PDCP layer, the plurality of deciphered PDCP PDUs, and reordering, by the upper PDCP layer, the plurality of deciphered PDCP PDUs.
Data transmission method, device and system
A data transmission method includes: acquiring n RLC PDUs transmitted from an RLC layer, n being an integer greater than 1; encapsulating the indication information corresponding to the n RLC PDUs as a packet header of a MAC PDU and the n RLC PDUs as a packet body of the MAC PDU, to generate the MAC PDU, the indication information corresponding to the n RLC PDUs comprising an LCID, a sequence number, and a length corresponding to each RLC PDU; and sending the MAC PDU to a communication peer.
Method and apparatus for establishing bearer
Provided are method for a distributed unit (DU) of a base station establishing a bearer in a wireless communication system, and an apparatus for supporting the same. The method may comprise the steps of: receiving a first message including a signaling radio bearer (SRB) identity (ID) from a central unit (CU) of the base station; and establishing a SRB corresponding to the received SRB ID.
Method and apparatus for sequential forwarding considering multi-flow in dual connectivity system
The present invention provides a method for user equipment receiving multi-flow data with respect to one evolved packet system (EPS) bearer through a macro base station (macro eNB) and a small base station (small eNB) in a wireless communication system supporting dual connectivity. The method comprises the steps of: a packet data convergence protocol (PDCP) entity of the user equipment receiving PDCP packet data units (PDU) through the macro base station and the small base station from a PDCP entity of the macro base station; obtaining PDCP service data units (SDU) corresponding to PDCP PDUs; and receiving from the macro base station information related to a sequence timer for the PDCP SDUs through a radio resource control (RRC) message, wherein the PDCP SDUs are indicated by a predefined PDCP sequence number (SN).
Communication system, control device, communication terminal, communication device, and communication method
In order to provide a communication system capable of charging control in accordance with a bearer used by a UE even when the UE performs dual connectivity, a communication system according to the present disclosure includes a communication terminal (11) configured to communicate with a communication device (12) and a communication device (13) by using a different radio bearer for each of the communication device (12) and the communication device (13), and a control device (14) configured to determine whether to cause the communication device (12) to measure the traffic of each radio bearer.
Communication device and method therein for connection management in wireless communication network
A wireless communication device (140) and method therein for managing connection states in a wireless communication system (100) are disclosed. The wireless communication device (140) comprises at least two Subscriber Identity Modules, SIMs, in which a first SIM is associated to a first original connection state towards a first network node (111), a second SIM is associated to a second original connection state towards a second network node (121). The wireless communication device (140) obtains a position of the wireless communication device (140) and determines a priority list for the at least two SIMs based on the obtained position. The wireless communication device (140) further determines whether the respective connection states of the first and second SIMs have conflicting needs in radio resources. When the respective connection states of the first and second SIMs have conflicting needs in radio resources, the wireless communication device (140) performs a connection state change for the SIM that has lower priority from its original connection state to a third connection state.
Peripheral device pairing
Examples monitor a communication network to detect a peripheral device. Examples pair with the peripheral device responsive to detecting the peripheral device. Examples generate a peripheral application query corresponding to the peripheral device responsive to pairing with the peripheral device, and examples query a peripheral application server with the peripheral application query to retrieve a peripheral application corresponding to the peripheral device.
Access method, apparatus, device, and system
The present application discloses an access method, apparatus, device, and system, and belongs to the field of communications technologies. The method includes: receiving, by a selection function entity SFE, an access request of user equipment UE sent by a radio access network node RAN node; determining a usage type of the UE based on the access request of the UE; and selecting, for the UE based on the usage type of the UE, a node that is in a dedicated core network and that can serve the UE, where the node that is in the dedicated core network and that can serve the UE corresponds to the usage type of the UE. Therefore, a node accessed by the UE is the node in the dedicated core network corresponding to the UE, and this ensures that the node can complete security verification of the UE.
Signal sending method and apparatus, and resource notification method and apparatus
Provided are a signal transmitting method and apparatus, and a resource notification method and apparatus. The signal transmitting method includes: transmitting one or more random access signals. A tail end of the one or more random access signals is aligned with a t−Δt position of a signal transmission region in transmission resources of the one or more random access signals, t is a tail end time point of the signal transmission region and Δt is an advance. Alternatively, a transmitting start time point of the one or more random access signals is a result obtained by subtracting the length of the one or more random access signals and the advance from the tail end time point of the signal transmission region in the transmission resources.
Group CSI feedback for multicast/broadcast transmission
Various aspects of the present disclosure generally relate to wireless communication. In some aspects, a user equipment may receive configuration information identifying at least one random access channel resource to be used for channel state information (CSI) feedback regarding a multicast or broadcast (multicast/broadcast) signal; and transmit a signal based at least in part on the CSI feedback using the at least one random access channel resource. In some aspects, a base station may transmit configuration information identifying at least one random access channel resource to be used for CSI feedback regarding a multicast or broadcast (multicast/broadcast) signal to be provided to a plurality of user equipment (UEs); and determine the CSI feedback based at least in part on a signal received on the at least one random access channel resource. Numerous other aspects are provided.
Apparatus and method for adaptive contention window (ACW)
Some embodiments enable improved aggregated throughput and average latency in a wireless communication channel. Wireless electronic devices may implement adaptive contention window (ACW) channel access that improves channel capacity and enables latency sensitive applications (e.g., video streaming), especially when all wireless electronic devices operating on the channel as well as those in proximity utilize ACW channel access. Some embodiments detect when wireless stations on the communication channel as well as wireless stations in proximity are utilizing ACW channel access to obtain a transmit opportunity (TXOP). Based on the detection, an access point (AP) can instruct an associated wireless station to: use ACW channel access to obtain a TXOP, use a different channel access method obtain a TXOP as needed, disassociate and associate with a different AP, or use a different channel access method to obtain a TXOP.
Method for transmitting data in a communication system and device therefor
The present invention relates to a wireless communication system. More specifically, the present invention relates to a method and a device for transmitting data in a wireless communication system. According to an aspect of the present invention, the method comprising: receiving, from an enhanced Node B (eNB), a grant with an indication that indicates at least one radio bearer (RB) of which data should be transmitted using the received grant, wherein each of RBs configured to the UE is associated with a respective logical channel priority; generating a medium access control protocol data unit (MAC PDU) including data of the indicated at least one RB; and transmitting the MAC PDU using the grant.
Method and system for delay aware uplink scheduling in a communication network
This disclosure relates generally to telecommunication networks, and more particularly to a method and system for delay aware uplink scheduling in a communication network. The telecommunication network performs data uplink and data downlink associated with data communication between multiple transmitter-receiver pairs connected to the network, by using specific scheduling schema as part of the data processing. Disclosed are method and system for performing a delay-aware uplink scheduling in the communication network. For an uplink request received from a transmitter, the system estimates downlink delay at the corresponding receiver side. The system further estimates a processing delay for the received uplink request. Based on the estimated downlink delay and the processing delay, the system determines an uplink delay budget for the transmitter. Further, based on the uplink delay budget and an achievable data rate computed for the transmitter, the system schedules uplink for the transmitter.
Method and apparatus for adjusting timing in wireless communication system
The present disclosure relates to a pre-5th-Generation (5G) or 5G communication system to be provided for supporting higher data rates Beyond 4th-Generation (4G) communication system such as Long Term Evolution (LTE). An embodiment of the present disclosure relates to a method for operating a terminal, which includes receiving timing advance (TA) information related to an interference, determining whether to apply the TA information related to the interference, and transmitting uplink data based on the TA information related to the interference, and the terminal performing the same. Further, the present disclosure relates to a method and an apparatus for operating a base station operating with the terminal.
Scheduling communications in a wireless network
A wireless device is configured to receive scheduling information at a predetermined time interval from a wireless node. The scheduling information includes a plurality of reception definitions. Each reception definition indicates a reception start time, a reception duration, and assigned frequency information. Each reception definition is derived from a wireless device identification associated with the reception definition. The wireless device is configured to receive data associated with at least one of the reception definitions.
System and method for HARQ acknowledgement
According to one aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a method that includes: transmitting, by a base station, scheduling information for a first uplink transmission to a user equipment with a first beam; receiving, by the base station, a first transmission of the first uplink transmission from the user equipment; and modifying, by the base station, transmission of an acknowledgment for the first uplink transmission in response to receiving an indication from the user equipment that the first beam has failed.
System and method for prioritizing data traffic
Described embodiments provide a method, computer program product, and computer system for identifying a first geo-location of a user. A first object associated with a second geo-location may be identified. An estimated travel time of the user between the first geo-location and the second geo-location may be identified. A rate of transmission may be prioritized for the first object based upon, at least in part, the estimated travel time of the user between the first geo-location and the second geo-location.
Overcoming carrier aggregation signaling overhead when FirstNet QoS policies are enforced
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, initiating emergency QoS measures in a RAN cell responsive to detecting an emergency condition applicable to the RAN cell, identifying, among a plurality of wireless communication devices served by the RAN cell, a set of non-emergency devices, identifying, among the set of non-emergency devices, one or more carrier aggregation (CA)-prone devices, and applying an updated buffer threshold value for a CA-prone device among the one or more CA-prone devices, to reduce a likelihood of initiation of carrier aggregation for the CA-prone device. Other embodiments are disclosed.
System and method for coexistence of low latency and latency tolerant communications
Systems and methods are provided for transmitting and receiving pre-emption indications. The pre-emption indication is transmitted every K symbols or slots, on a group-common physical downlink control channel. The pre-emption indication is in respect of a group of K symbols or slots preceding a symbol or slot containing the group-common pre-emption indication. The group-common pre-emption indication indicates, for the group of K symbols or slots, which resources are pre-empted. The base station schedules resources for first downlink traffic, and transmits the scheduled first downlink traffic subject to pre-emption, and transmits second downlink traffic by pre-empting resources for the first downlink traffic. On the UE side, the UE receives the pre-emption indication. The UE receives its scheduled traffic taking into account the pre-emption indication.
Reference signal tone location shift
Methods, systems, and devices for wireless communications are described. A user equipment (UE) may identify a tone satisfying an impairment value. The UE may select configuration information for communicating with a base station based on the tone. The UE may selectively transmit a signal to the base station indicating the configuration information. The UE may receive a configuration signal from the base station indicating a reference signal tone pattern for communicating reference signals between the UE and the base station.
Method for handling interference in Bluetooth device having other wireless technology
A method for adjusting frequency channels in a Bluetooth device is provided. The method includes the following steps: providing Bluetooth circuitry and wireless-technology circuitry of the Bluetooth device, wherein the wireless-technology circuitry implements wireless technology other than Bluetooth; and responsive to a band used by the wireless-technology circuitry, replacing a plurality of in-band frequencies of a predetermined train by a plurality of out-of-band frequencies of another predetermined train by the Bluetooth circuitry.
Pilot sequences in data streams
A method, an apparatus, and a computer-readable medium for wireless communication are provided. In one aspect, an apparatus is configured to determine a plurality of resource units for communication. The apparatus is configured to generate a set of pilot signals in at least one resource unit of the plurality of resource units. The apparatus is configured to transmit the generated set of pilot signals in the at least one resource unit of the plurality of resource units.
Power control signaling for multiuser superpostion transmission
Methods of enabling multiuser superposition transmission (MUST) in LTE systems are proposed. MUST operation allows simultaneous transmission for multiple co-channel users on the same time-frequency resources. A higher-layer signaling is used for configuring a UE to enable MUST. When a UE is configured by higher layer to enable MUST, the UE will monitor physical-layer control signaling carrying scheduling information and MUST-related information. Depending on whether MUST exists in each subframe, the UE derives the power allocation between the UE and its co-channel UE on allocated resource blocks. The UE also derives the power allocation based on whether it is configured for CRS-based transmission mode or DMRS-based transmission mode.
Techniques for subband based resource allocation for NR-U
Various aspects of the present disclosure generally relate to wireless communication. In some aspects, a user equipment (UE) may identify a subband configuration for a plurality of subbands configured for the UE, the subband configuration including one or more guard bands for the plurality of subbands. The UE may identify one or more resource blocks, in which to transmit a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) communication, based at least in part on the subband configuration. The UE may transmit, to a base station (BS), the PUSCH communication in the one or more resource blocks. Numerous other aspects are provided.
WiFi management interface for microwave radio and reset to factory defaults
WIFI management interfaces for microwave radio and reset to factory defaults are provided herein. Methods may include transmitting or receiving, on a dedicated management interface antenna of the wireless radio management signals, signals in a dedicated band for controlling operations of the wireless radio, and transmitting or receiving, on at least one additional antenna of the wireless radio management signals, signals that are not used for controlling operations of the wireless radio. The dedicated management interface antenna and the at least one additional antenna being physically separated from one another.
Virtual multicarrier design for orthogonal frequency division multiple access communications
Embodiments of the present invention provide a virtual multicarrier design for orthogonal frequency division multiple access communications. Other embodiments may be described and claimed.
Methods and apparatus for carrying out backoff operations
A method is carried out on a device capable of utilizing a high efficiency wireless local area network (HEW) communication protocol and a legacy communication protocol, and includes wirelessly receiving a communication frame; when the measured energy level of the frame exceeds a static clear channel assessment (CCA) energy level, identifying the BSS to which the frame corresponds, wherein identifying the BSS to which the frame corresponds comprises utilizing a BSS identifier included in the frame when the frame is an HEW frame or utilizing a MAC address included in the frame when the frame is a legacy frame; when the frame corresponds to the same BSS as the device, processing the frame utilizing the static CCA energy level; and when the frame corresponds to an overlapping OBSS, processing the frame utilizing a dynamic CCA energy level.
Methods, apparatuses and systems directed to phase-continuous frequency selective precoding
Methods, apparatuses, systems, devices, and computer program products directed to phase-continuous frequency selective precoding are provided. Included among these classes are methods for use in connection with dynamic precoding resource block group (PRG) configuration and with codebook based transmission configuration. A representative of such methods may include any of receiving signaling indicating transmit precoding information; determining a candidate PRG size using any of the transmit precoding information, a rule for determining a PRG size and configured PRG sizes; and configuring or reconfiguring a wireless transmit/receive device in accordance with the candidate PRG size. Another of the representative methods may include reporting a transmission coherence capability of a wireless transmit/receive unit; receiving a codebook subset restriction (CB SR) commensurate with the transmission coherence capability; determining a transmit precoding matrix indices (TPM1) size based on the CB SR; receiving a TPM1; and detecting or decoding the TPM1 based on the determined TPM1 size.
Control signaling for uplink multiple input multiple output, channel state information reference signal configuration and sounding reference signal configuration
Systems, apparatuses, methods, and computer-readable media are provided for time domain resource allocations in wireless communications systems. Disclosed embodiments include time-domain symbol determination and/or indication using a combination of higher layer and downlink control information signaling for physical downlink shared channel and physical uplink shared channel; time domain resource allocations for mini-slot operations; rules for postponing and dropping for multiple mini-slot transmission; and collision handling of sounding reference signals with semi-statically or semi-persistently configured uplink transmissions. Other embodiments may be described and/or claimed.
Method for transmitting uplink control information in wireless communication system and device therefor
A method for transmitting an uplink control channel in a wireless communication system and a device therefor are disclosed. In detail, the method performed by a user equipment (UE) includes generating a third sequence by aggregating a first sequence with a second sequence, generating a fourth sequence by using the generated third sequence and a specific cyclic shift index corresponding to specific uplink control information, and transmitting the uplink control channel by using the generated fourth sequence, wherein the fourth sequence may be transmitted in at least one symbol constituting a resource region allocated for transmission of the uplink control channel, and wherein the fourth sequence may indicate the specific uplink control information transmitted through the uplink control channel.
PUCCH transmission method by MTC device
Disclosed is a method for transmitting a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) by a machine type communication (MTC) device. The PUCCH transmission method comprises the steps of: receiving configuration for independent PUCCH resources at each repetition level of PUCCH; determining a PUCCH resource corresponding to a repetition level, on the basis of the configuration; and repeatedly transmitting the PUCCH, on the determined resource.
Uplink control channel sending method, uplink control channel receiving method, and apparatus
Embodiments of the present invention provide an uplink control channel sending method, an uplink control channel receiving method, and an apparatus. The sending method includes: receiving, by terminal device, downlink data from a network device in each subframe in a first subframe set; obtaining, by the terminal device, first downlink control information from the network device; and sending, by the terminal device, a target physical uplink control channel in a first uplink subframe according to an indication of the first downlink control information.
Method and system for handling of special scell selection in dual connectivity
Method and system for handling of special SCell selection in dual connectivity. The present invention relates to the field of wireless communication networks and more particularly to a User Equipment (UE) operating in dual connectivity mode in wireless communication networks. The principal object of the embodiments herein is to provide a method and system for handling of special SCell (PSCell) change by extending Event A3 or Event A5 to PSCell for relative comparison. Another object of the invention is to provide a method and system for handling of special SCell (PSCell) change with a new Event Ax.
Indication of random-access channel MSG3 resource duration via random-access channel MSG2
In one aspect, a method, a computer-readable medium, and an apparatus for wireless communication are provided. The apparatus may be a base station. The apparatus may determine a duration of an uplink message that is to be sent from a UE. The apparatus may inform the UE regarding the duration of the uplink message through a random-access response message.
Method and apparatus for controlling a electronic device in a communication system
A method and apparatus is provided that controls other electronic devices through one electronic device in a communication system. The electronic device for executing control commands includes a communication unit configured to communicate with at least one of other electronic devices, a memory configured to store identification information about other electronic devices to execute a group control command, and a controller configured to execute, when receiving the control command, the received control command, determine whether the received control command is a group control command that other electronic devices need to execute in the same way as the electronic device, read, when the received control command is a group control command, identification information about at least one of other electronic devices as group control objects from the memory, and transmit the identification information to other electronic devices.
Wireless communication apparatus, wireless communication system, and processing method
A wireless communication apparatus, for performing wireless communication with a first wireless communication apparatus based on a discovery signal, includes: a control circuit configured to control a probability of using a radio resource for the discovery signal; and a communication circuit configured to transmit the discovery signal to the first wireless communication apparatus through the radio resource in accordance with the probability.
Exchanging group communications over family radio service (FRS) channels
A group communication service establishes a communication group comprising a plurality of user nodes configured to receive and transmit user node communications between group communication members over a wireless network. A Family Radio Service (FRS) channel configuration is embedded into each of the plurality of user nodes within the communication group which identifies a designated FRS channel to exchange user node communications. The group communication service detects a trigger to activate an FRS mode and transfers an instruction to each of the plurality of user nodes to identify the FRS channel for the user node communications based on the FRS channel configuration. In response to transferring the instruction to each of the plurality of user nodes, the group communication service receives user node communications from and distributes user node communications to members of the communication group over the designated FRS channel.
Base station, mobility management apparatus, radio terminal, and network apparatus
A user equipment, method, and chipset use a first formula to determine a paging frame which is a radio frame including a paging occasion for the user equipment after the user equipment is configured with an idle mode extended DRX (Discontinuous Reception) cycle, a second formula to determine a subframe from among the paging frame, as the paging occasion, and a third formula to determine a paging hyper-frame. DRX parameters are applied to the first formula and the second formula, but not to the third formula. An idle mode extended DRX cycle is applied to the third formula, which is represented by H-SFN mod TeDRX=α mod TeDRX, where the H-SFN represents a hyper-frame number of the paging hyper-frame, the TeDRX represents the number of the hyper-frames corresponding to the idle mode extended DRX cycle, and the α represents a value specific to the user equipment.
Apparatuses, systems, and methods for paging enhancements for low complexity user equipment
Embodiments described herein relate generally to techniques for paging in a wireless network. In some embodiments, a mobility management entity (MME) may determine a user equipment (UE) is associated with a predetermined category and adjust paging mechanisms based on said determination. Other embodiments may be described and claimed.
Methods, network, integrated circuitry and apparatus for telecommunications device location
A method for use in a wireless telecommunications network comprising a core network, two or more base stations each providing wireless connectivity within a base station cell, and a terminal device configured to communicate wirelessly with the base stations by a communication mode, and the method being a positioning method for determining a position of the terminal device, comprises sending one or more positioning signals between the base stations and the terminal device during a transmission phase of the method, and using measured arrival times of the positioning signals to triangulate a position of the terminal device, wherein during the transmission phase the terminal device is in an energy saving communication mode.
Synchronized wireless signal transmission by endpoints controlled by a central controller
Techniques are disclosed to synchronize wireless signal transmission by endpoints controlled by a central controller. For example, an example method of wireless communication includes receiving, at a first device, over a wired medium between the first device and a second device, a plurality of packets from the second device. Each of the plurality of packets comprises data representative of a portion of a signal corresponding to a wireless medium. The method further includes receiving, at the first device, from the second device over the wired medium a synchronization signal based on a common master clock at the second device. The method further includes synchronizing, at the first device, a local clock of the first device to the common master clock based on the synchronization signal. The method further includes reconstructing the signal corresponding to the wireless medium based on the plurality of packets and the synchronized local clock.
Method and apparatus for receiving a synchronization signal
A method for a terminal to receive a synchronization signal is disclosed in the present invention. The method receives a message including a synchronization signal block indicator indicating one or more synchronization signal block groups including at least one transmission synchronization signal block among a plurality of synchronization signal block groups grouped by the prescribed number of candidate synchronization block positions of a synchronization signal block including a primary synchronization signal, a secondary synchronization signal, and a physical broadcast channel signal, and can receive the at least one transmission synchronization signal block based on the message.
Apparatus and method for controlling antennas in wireless communication system
The disclosure relates to a pre-5th-Generation (5G) or 5G communication system to be provided for supporting higher data rates Beyond 4th-Generation (4G) communication system such as long-term evolution (LTE). A method of operating a terminal in a wireless communication system and an apparatus therefor are provided. The method includes detecting one or more states associated with antennas arranged in the terminal, activating a first antenna, among the antennas, based on the one or more states associated with antennas and deactivating a second antenna, among the antennas, based on the one or more states associated with the antennas.
Method and device for transmitting power headroom information in communication system
The present disclosure relates to a communication technique which combines IoT technology with a 5G communication system for supporting a higher data transfer rate than existing 4G systems, and a system thereof. The present disclosure can be applied to an intelligent service (for example, a smart home, a smart building, a smart city, a smart car or a connected car, and services related to health care, digital education, retail business, security and safety, etc.) on the basis of 5G communication technology and IoT-related technology. The present method provides a power headroom information transmission method of a terminal, the headroom information transmission method including: a step of determining whether to transmit second power headroom information, on the basis of information about each beam included in first power headroom information, in a wireless communication system supporting beamforming; and a step of transmitting the second power headroom information to a base station when the transmission of the second power headroom information is determined.
Uplink channel sending method and apparatus
The present invention relates to the communications field, and provides an uplink data sending method and apparatus, so as to adapt to uplink channel sending in a case of a shortened transmission cycle. The method includes: performing, by a terminal, power control depending on whether a time domain resource on which an uplink channel is located carries a reference signal (RS) of the uplink channel; determining first transmission power of a first uplink channel; and sending, by the terminal, the first uplink channel at the first transmission power. The foregoing method improves accuracy of uplink channel demodulation by a base station.
Method and apparatus for multi-antenna transmission in vehicle to vehicle communication
A method of a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system is provided. The method comprises: receiving, from a base station (BS), configuration information for a power control of a sidelink and a downlink reference signal (RS) to measure a downlink channel from the BS, wherein the sidelink is established between the UE and another UE; receiving, from the BS, the downlink RS based on the configuration information; calculating a first pathloss for the downlink channel between the UE and the BS based on the configuration information; identifying a second pathloss for the sidelink between the UE and the other UE; and transmitting, to the other UE, a physical sidelink shared channel (PSSCH) and a physical sidelink control channel (PSCCH) based on the first pathloss and the second pathloss.
Power configuration method and related device
A power configuration method and a related device are provided. The method includes: receiving a first power configuration parameter and a second power configuration parameter from a network device; and when receiving a reference signal and data of a first antenna port group and a reference signal and data of a second antenna port group, determining, based on the first power configuration parameter and the reference signal of the first antenna port group, a power of the data that is from the first antenna port group, and determining, based on the second power configuration parameter and the reference signal of the second antenna port group, a power of the data that is from the second antenna port group, so that data sent by a corresponding antenna port group can be separately demodulated based on an obtained power, thereby improving accuracy for demodulating data of a plurality of antenna port groups.
System, method, and computer program for adapting power usage of a mobile unit
The present invention relates to a system (100), a method (200) and a computer program for adapting power usage of a mobile unit (110) that is configured to communicate data to a base unit (120). In wearable/portable modules, the power needed by an ISM radio link between the wearable/portable mobile unit (110) and the (quasi-)stationary base unit (120) is determined primarily by the attenuation of the transmitted wave between transmitter and receiver. By monitoring the power setting needed for the transmitter to maintain the link, that information can be used to optimize the position of the base unit (120) for achieving lowest power consumption in the battery operated mobile unit (110).
Bluetooth low power node latency optimization
A system and method for optimizing battery life in Bluetooth low power nodes without appreciably affecting latency is disclosed. The low power node may vary its PollTimeout value based on certain criteria, including time of day, ambient conditions or input from other devices. In this way, power consumption is minimized during those times when latency is not anticipated to be problematic, while latency is reduced during other times. In another embodiment, the low power node may save preconstructed messages before going into a low power or sleep mode to minimize the time required to transmit those messages.
Mobile device for power reduction and method thereof
A device and a method for saving power in a mobile electronic device are provided. A mobile electronic device includes a plurality of antennas and a transceiver, wherein the transceiver includes a control unit configured to switch to a low power mode to operate in the low power mode, or to operate at least one of the plurality of antennas in the low power mode when a data non-transmission period occurs for a predetermined time in an active state.
Power saving on UE reports
A method of wireless communication of a UE is provided. The UE determines a first value of one or more parameters indicating a reception condition of a channel from a base station. The UE determines to adjust channel state information (CSI) reporting based on the first value. The UE transmits UE-assisted information to the base station, and the UE-assisted information includes the one or more parameters or an indication of an adjusted reporting schedule of the CSI reporting. Alternatively, the UE refrains from transmitting a CSI report scheduled in accordance with an existing reporting schedule of the CSI reporting.
Method and device for connecting single AP device among multiple AP devices on same network to terminal
A method of connecting an access point (AP) device is provided. The method includes receiving media access control (MAC) address information of a terminal from the terminal through an external device, registering the received MAC address information, and determining whether the registered MAC address information corresponding to MAC address information registered to another AP device. In response to the registered MAC address information corresponding to the MAC address information registered to the other AP device, an AP device managing the registered MAC address information is determined among the AP device and the other AP device. A connection request is received from the terminal, and the terminal is connected to the AP device based on whether MAC address information of the connection request is corresponding to the registered MAC address information.
Apparatus, system and method for optimized tune away procedures
A user equipment and a method performed by the user equipment that has a transceiver configured to enable the user equipment to establish a connection with a first network and a second network. The method including establishing a connection to each of the first network and the second network, tuning away from the first network to the second network, tuning back to the first network from the second network and determining whether to perform a network operation with the first network after tuning back to the first network.
Terminal associated with a first base station accessing a network via a second base station
The present disclosure provides a terminal, a base station and methods for communications between the terminal and the base station, and for the terminal to access a network. According to one exemplary method, a terminal sends a first message to a base station via a first channel, the first message being used to request access to a network. The terminal receives a second message from a first base station via a second channel, the second message including channel plan information for determining a first network connection plan. The terminal determines the first network connection plan according to the channel plan information and accesses the network via a second base station according to the first network connection plan. Channel use plan of the base station can be obtained through signaling interactions in the process of network connection. The terminal can determine whether the network can be accessed and access the network accordingly.
Information processing apparatus, method of controlling the same, and program
A technique by which a user such as an administrator can appropriately manage activation and stoppage of services that enables performance from an external apparatus of setting for connecting an information processing apparatus to a particular network is provided. A printer (information processing apparatus) activates a wireless LAN setting service in a state in which a wireless network I/F is caused to operate in an access point mode. The printer, via the wireless network I/F, receives network setting information transmitted from the mobile terminal for setting using the wireless LAN setting service. When the network setting information is received, the printer stops the wireless LAN setting service.
Technique for transmitting discovery-related signals from a transmission point to a user equipment
A technique for transmitting discovery-related signals from a transmission point to a UE is disclosed, wherein the transmission point (TP) is adapted to transmit at least two distinct discovery-related signals to be received by the UE. A method aspect (in the TP) comprises transmitting the first discovery-related signal by applying a first beamforming, and transmitting the second discovery-related signal by applying a second beamforming, wherein the steps of transmitting are performed simultaneously in a time domain and/or a space domain, and wherein the first and second beamforming are different. A further method aspect (in the UE) comprises detecting, in the received discovery-related signalling, at least one discovery-related signal in at least the first beam and/or the second beam from the transmission point based on a received distinction between discovery-related signals on the first beam or the second beam, wherein the first beam is different from the second beam.
Unified access control
Certain aspects of the present disclosure relate to methods and apparatus for configuring a user equipment (UE) to perform access control, for example, applying rules that differentiate between states (e.g., idle, inactive, and connected states) of the UE.
Systems, methods, and apparatuses for authorizing utilization of enhanced coverage
According to certain embodiments there is disclosed herein a method for authorizing utilization of enhanced coverage. The method comprises receiving a first message indicating that a first wireless device supports one or more enhanced coverage features. The method additionally includes obtaining an identification of the first wireless device. The method further includes obtaining, based on the identification of the first wireless device, an indication of whether the first wireless device is authorized to access the one or more enhanced coverage features or the first wireless device is not authorized to access the one or more enhanced coverage features.
Mobile communication device and communication medium information generating device
A mobile communication device includes: a monitoring unit that monitors conditions of communication media; a control unit that controls switching communication media based on information indicating a communication medium having a good condition in each of a plurality of travel sections; and a switching unit that switches the communication medium to be used, wherein when a mobile object moves from a first section to a second section, the control unit causes the monitoring unit to monitor, in an area including a boundary between the first and second sections, radio wave conditions of a first communication medium having a good radio wave condition in the first section and a second communication medium having a good radio wave condition in the second section, and instructs the switching unit to perform switchover from the first communication medium to the second communication medium, based on results from the monitoring unit.
Cell change method, terminal, and network device
The present disclosure discloses a cell change method, a terminal, and a network device. By implementing this application, a problem that a receiving success rate of the change command cannot be improved when the another intra-frequency measurement event except the event 1D is triggered can be resolved.
Satellite load balancing
A system includes a computer that is programmed to actuate to switch from a first satellite link between a terminal and a first satellite to a second satellite link upon determining that a data throughput of the first satellite relative to a first satellite throughput capacity exceeds a threshold.
System and method for enhanced client roaming
An access point is provided for use with a neighboring access point and a client. The access point includes: a receiving component that receives a neighbor report request; a transmitting component that transmits a second neighbor report request and a soft resource request to the neighboring access point; and a report generating component that generates a neighbor report. The receiving component also receives resource response data of the neighboring access point associated with the second neighbor report request and receives soft resource response data of the neighboring access point associated with the soft resource request. The report generating component generates the neighbor report based on the resource response data and the soft resource response data of the neighboring access point. The transmitting component transmits the neighbor report to the client.
Session initiation protocol (SIP) based user initiated handoff
Method and apparatus for providing a solution to the handoff problem includes negotiation of new media codes (coders/decoders) for utilization in cases where the two devices involved in the handoff are incompatible. Although mobile IP (MIP) is presently utilized to perform handoff procedures, this technique lacks a trigger mechanism to initiate handoff between two different devices which communicate with two different networks or one common network. In addition, MIP does not address the issue of compatibilities between media types, codes and supported bit rate. The handoff utilizes a session protocol (SIP) message for handoff.
V2X communication over multiple radio access types
Apparatuses, methods, and systems are disclosed for V2X communication over multiple radio access types. One method includes establishing, via a remote unit, multiple network connections for communication with a mobile network and multiple network connections for V2X communication with other remote units over multiple radio access types. The method includes receiving a request to transmit a V2X communication. The method includes determining whether the V2X communication is to be transmitted via a communication with a mobile network or a V2X communication with other remote units. The method includes determining a radio access type of the multiple radio access types for transmitting the V2X communication via V2X communication. The method includes selecting a cell that supports V2X resource management for the V2X communication. The method includes requesting resources via the cell for transmitting the V2X communication.
Device and method of handling a handover
A network comprising a first BS for handling a handover comprises at least one storage device for storing instructions and at least one processing circuit coupled to the at least one storage device. The at least one processing circuit is configured to execute the instructions stored in the at least one storage device. The instructions comprise the first BS receiving a Handover Request message from a second BS, wherein the Handover Request message comprises a first plurality of UE capabilities, and the first plurality of UE capabilities indicate a first maximum reception (RX) bandwidth (BW) (RX_BW) for a frequency band; the first BS obtaining a first RX_BW and a first location of the first RX_BW at a first carrier; the first BS generating a handover command configuring the first communication device; and the first BS transmitting a Handover Request Acknowledge message comprising the handover command, to the second BS.
Opportunistic use of the cellular capabilities of a paired device
A device, system and method for a user equipment (UE) to opportunistically utilize the wireless capabilities of a paired device. The UE is configured to establish a first cellular network connection based on a first subscription, a second cellular network connection based on a second subscription and a connection to a further UE based on a short-range communication protocol. The UE identifies a predetermined condition and transmits an indication to the further UE based on the predetermined condition. The further UE establishes a further cellular network connection in response to the indication and the further cellular network connection is based on one of the first subscription or the second subscription. The UE then declares no service for one of the first cellular network connection or the second cellular network connection based on the further cellular network connection.
State switching method, state keeping method, devices and user equipment
The disclosure relates to a state switching method, a state keeping method and devices. The method includes determining whether a user equipment (UE) is in an inactive state, wherein the inactive state is an intermediate state between a connect state and an idle state; determining whether the UE meets a predetermined condition; and switching the UE from the inactive state to the idle state when it is determined that the UE is in the inactive state and meets the predetermined condition.
Spectrum sharing with switching of tier levels between networks and/or devices
In a device including a processor and a memory in communication with the processor, the memory includes executable instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to control the device to perform functions of receiving, from a first network assigned to a first tier level, a request for tier level switch from the first tier level to a second tier level; determining that a second network assigned to the second tier level is capable of switching from the second tier level to another tier level; assigning, to the second network, a channel of the first tier level; and assigning, to the first network, a channel of the second tier level.
State machine handling at a proxy node in an ethernet-based fronthaul network
Techniques are described to provide for state machine handling at a proxy node in an Ethernet-based fronthaul network. In one example, a method includes performing, by a proxy node of a fronthaul network, negotiation operations associated with establishing a Common Public Radio Interface (CPRI) communication link between radio devices of the fronthaul network, wherein the negotiation operations comprise Layer 1 synchronization operations and Radio over Ethernet (RoE) validation operations for one or more link bit rates; and facilitating communications between the radio devices at a matching link bit rate upon completion of the negotiation operations.
Interface method between central aggregate apparatus and extension apparatus, and radio control system
An interface method between a central-aggregate apparatus and an extension apparatus is provided, which includes: transmitting, by the central-aggregate apparatus, uplink signal indication information for a user equipment and an identifier of the user equipment to the extension apparatus; retaining, by the extension apparatus, the identifier and uplink signal information extracted from the received uplink signal indication information and transmitting an uplink signal indication to the user equipment; receiving an uplink signal transmitted from the user equipment based on one or both of the retained uplink signal information and identifier; extracting data information from the uplink signal, estimating uplink communication quality based on the uplink signal, and transmitting one or both of the extracted data information and the estimated uplink communication quality to the central-aggregate apparatus; and receiving, by the central-aggregate apparatus, one or both of the data information and the uplink communication quality from the extension apparatus.
Measurement job creation and performance data reporting for advanced networks including network slicing
Various embodiments herein define a performance data and measurement job creation solutions for advanced networks including network slicing, based on a service-based framework. The embodiments allow different kinds of consumers to flexibly use performance management services and performance data services, to collect real-time performance data and/or periodical performance data.
Packet analysis program, packet analyzing apparatus, and packet analysis method for estimating wireless quality according to a packet analysis
A non-transitory computer-readable storage medium storing therein a packet analysis program for causing a computer to execute a process comprising detecting, from a plurality of received ACK packets, a successive ACK packet group including a plurality of ACK packets for which each reception interval is smaller than a first reference value and in which a round-trip time of each ACK packet becomes shorter in order of reception, and estimating wireless quality based on the number of ACK packets constituting the successive ACK packet group.
Interference avoidance in unlicensed band
Provided is a communication method for interference avoidance in an unlicensed band. A transmission node transmits in the unlicensed band a preemption signal to a target reception node. Upon receiving a ready signal from the target reception node, the transmission node transmits in the unlicensed band a data signal to the target reception node. The preemption signal is transmitted by means of a narrow beam having substantially the same width and direction as the data signal.
Electronic device, wireless communication method and computer readable medium
The disclosure relates to an electronic device for wireless communication, a wireless communication method and a computer readable medium. According to an embodiment, an electronic device for wireless communication includes a processing circuitry. The processing circuitry is configured to acquire a parameter related to a behavior characteristic of a mobile access point. The processing circuitry is further configure to determine a spectrum allocation manner for the mobile access point based on the parameter.
Cellular telecommunications network
A method of operating a cellular telecommunications network having a plurality of base stations, wherein each base station of the plurality of base stations has an operational parameter being one of a set of values, wherein the set includes k values, the method including defining a first graph comprising a first plurality of nodes and a first plurality of edges, wherein a node of the first plurality of nodes represents a first base station of the plurality of base stations, and an edge of the first plurality of edges represents a first neighboring relationship between two base stations of the plurality of base stations, wherein each edge of the first plurality of edges has an associated first weight value; partitioning the first graph into k sub-first graphs, each having a first subset of the plurality of nodes and a first subset of the plurality of edges, such as to minimize a first sum value of the first weight values of the first subset of the plurality of edges in all k sub-first graphs; calculating a first conflict value for the k sub-first graphs based on the first sum value; determining whether to initiate a change relating to the operating parameter to one or more base stations in the plurality of base stations based on the first conflict value.
Method and arrangement for detecting subscriber identity
Method and arrangement for detecting subscriber identity. The method includes: capturing in a fake base station at least one wireless message transmitted from a mobile subscriber apparatus interoperable with a mobile phone system; detecting an encrypted subscriber identity from the at least one captured wireless message; and retrieving an unencrypted subscriber identity from an entity inside an infrastructure of the mobile phone system based on the encrypted subscriber identity.
Spread spectrum signature reduction
A system and method for secure communications is disclosed which includes a processor(s) of a first appliqué spreading an uplink signal of a user from user equipment, where the first appliqué is coupled to the user equipment, and where the user equipment is connected to a mobile network. The processor(s) frequency shifts the spread uplink signal to maintain orthogonality over the mobile network.
Wireless profile sharing method
Disclosed is a method feasible for a hidden non-ASCII SSID. The method is carried out by a to-be-set wireless device and includes: broadcasting a beacon signal carrying predetermined data detectable to an already-set wireless device; wirelessly connecting to the already-set wireless device; receiving the profile data of a target wireless device from the already-set wireless device and then wirelessly disconnecting the already-set wireless device, wherein the SSID of the target wireless device is a hidden non-ASCII SSID; acquiring packets for establishment of connection between the already-set wireless device and the target wireless device according to the profile data; obtaining the raw data of the SSID according to the content of the packets and then connecting to the target wireless device according to the profile data and the raw data; and transmitting a connection success message to the already-set wireless device via the target wireless device.
Safety notification service
An automated safety notification system is proposed herein in which one or more safe zone access points may be physically deployed to one or more safe zones associated with a disaster area. If a person with a mobile phone or other mobile device enters the safe zone, the safe zone access point may detect the presence of the mobile device and perform certain functions in response to the detection. For example, the safe zone access point may initiate contact of a predetermined plurality of contacts that the person may have already designated before the disaster. The safe zone access point may also be used to initiate an insurance claim.
Vehicle trailer angle detection system using short range communication devices
A communication system for vehicles includes a first communication device disposed at a trailer and a second communication device disposed at a vehicle. The communication device wirelessly transmits a communication to the second communication device, and the second communication device receives the transmitted communication from the first communication device. Responsive to processing of the transmitted communication received by the second communication device, the communication system determines an angle of the trailer relative to the vehicle. The first and second communication devices may include first and second dedicated short range communication devices. One of the devices may include spaced apart antennae, whereby the system may determine the angle of the trailer via triangulation based on an antenna of one of the communication devices and the spaced apart antennae of the other of the communication devices.
Federated insertion of 3rd party software as a service for network slices
Systems, methods, and computer-readable mediums for federating an enterprise and a SaaS provider across one or more network slices of a network service provider. A SaaS provided by a SaaS provider for provisioning to an enterprise can be recognized. One or more network slices within a network of a network service provider between the enterprise and the SaaS provider can be identified. The one or more network slices can be used to provision the SaaS to the enterprise. As follows, the SaaS provider can be federated with the enterprise across one or more network service providers, including the network service provider. Specifically, the SaaS provider can be federated with the enterprise by uniquely associating the one or more network slices provided by the network service provider with the SaaS provisioned by the SaaS provider to the enterprise.
Roadside communication apparatus and in-vehicle communication apparatus
An object of the present invention is to provide a roadside communication apparatus and an in-vehicle communication apparatus capable of reducing an increase in a traffic amount in a roadside-to-vehicle communication. A roadside communication apparatus according to the present invention includes: an inter-vehicle transmission-and-reception service processing unit transmitting and receiving a roadside-to-vehicle message and an inter-vehicle message; a communication transfer unit providing a transaction service and a transfer service; a roadside-to-vehicle application processing unit; an inter-vehicle application processing unit; a transmission-and-reception condition management unit managing a transmission-and-reception condition of an inter-vehicle message which the inter-vehicle application processing unit transmits to and receives from the communication device; and a roadside communication management unit managing a connection state with the communication device, wherein the roadside communication management unit manages a connection state with the communication device based on a reception condition of the inter-vehicle message notified by the transmission-and-reception condition management unit.
Wireless service provider system and process for providing customizable wireless service for a wireless device
A wireless service provider system for authorizing wireless service on a wireless device includes a backend system. The backend system configured receive a request for the wireless service along with a monetary value of the wireless service in any requested amount from the connected device, receive a payment authorization or a verification of payment for the wireless service in the requested amount from the connected device, and receive a request from the connected device for allocating the wireless service.
Method and device for transmitting and receiving data using Bluetooth technology
The present invention relates to a method and device for transmitting and receiving, by a first device, data using Bluetooth. The present invention provides a method and device wherein the first device: generates a group for group communication with a plurality of devices; exchanges, with the plurality of devices, first configuration information of the group for the group communication; establishes Bluetooth connection to the plurality of devices on the basis of the first configuration information, the Bluetooth connection being established using a broadcasting channel or a time division technique for establishing simultaneous connection to the plurality of devices; and transmits and receives voice data to and from the plurality of devices by using a specific channel.
Transmission/reception method for MTC apparatus
A method for receiving a signal of a first physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH), includes receiving first information specifying a plurality of subframes used for the wireless device, determining multiple downlink subframes, to receive a signal of a first PDSCH, based on the plurality of subframes specified in the first information, receiving the signal of the first PDSCH which is repeated over the determined multiple downlink subframes and based on that the signal of the first PDSCH includes a first system information block (SIB), determining that a signal of a second PDSCH including a data other than the first SIB is not transmitted in the determined multiple downlink subframes, wherein the first SIB is dedicated for the wireless device and different from a SIB for a user equipment (UE) used by a user.
Network architecture and methods for location services
UE location determined by collecting and preprocessing signal data at a detector and sending extracted data to a remote locate server. The detector buffers samples from signals provided by receive channels, detects known reference signals from receive channels based on reference signal parameters, isolates symbols carrying the reference signal from frames, extracts data from symbols, and sends extracted data to locate server. The locate server receives the extracted data, estimates locate observables based on the extracted data and calculates the UE location based on the estimated locate observables, the reference signal parameters and the extracted data. The detector and/or the server may also generate correlation coefficients between reference signals carrying spectrum received from a serving cell and utilize the correlation coefficients to cancel a serving cell signal in symbols that include known in advance reference signals from the serving cell and one or more neighboring cells of the wireless system.
Message sending method in local area network, local area network gateway, and wearable device
A method includes: after receiving a service request that is sent by a first device connected in a local area network and that includes a called object identifier and a service type, sending, by a local area network gateway, a prompt message including a list of second devices supporting the service type to a wearable device corresponding to the called object identifier, then obtaining information about a second device selected by a user by using the wearable device, and establishing a communication connection that is between the first device and the second device and that supports the service type, so that the first device communicates with the second device.
Assistance data transmission method, device, and system
An assistance data transmission method, a device, and a system are provided. The method includes: obtaining, by a network device, assistance data from a positioning data center; and sending the assistance data to a terminal device in a broadcast manner, where the assistance data is data used by the terminal device to perform positioning. The assistance data is broadcast to the terminal device in the broadcast manner.
Auto-configuring radio beacons
Various embodiments each include at least one of systems, methods, devices, and software for auto-configuring of radio beacon devices. One embodiment includes a method that detects a beacon device has been connected to a computing device and retrieving beacon identifying data from the beacon device. The method may then query a backend system based on the beacon identifying data to determine whether the beacon identifying data has been previously configured in the backend system. When the beacon device has been previously configured in the backend system, the method includes issuing a command to the backend system to remove the previous configuration of the beacon device then issuing a data write command to the backend system to configure the beacon device in the backend system in association with the computing device.
Signal processing apparatus for determining location of mobile terminal and method thereof
A method of determining a location of a mobile terminal location is provided. The method includes respectively receiving, by two antennas, first and second reception signals from the mobile terminal, calculating, by a communication module, a reception strength value (hereinafter referred to as RSSI_1) of the first reception signal and a reception strength value (hereinafter referred to as RSSI_2) of the second reception signal, and determining, by a location determination module, a region where the mobile terminal is located, based on a result obtained by comparing one RSSI of the RSSI_1 and the RSSI_2 with a reference value set based on a decision tree technique and a result obtained by comparing the one RSSI with a detailed reference value set based on a hysteresis technique.
Spatial audio for interactive audio environments
Systems and methods of presenting an output audio signal to a listener located at a first location in a virtual environment are disclosed. According to embodiments of a method, an input audio signal is received. For each sound source of a plurality of sound sources in the virtual environment, a respective first intermediate audio signal corresponding to the input audio signal is determined, based on a location of the respective sound source in the virtual environment, and the respective first intermediate audio signal is associated with a first bus. For each of the sound sources of the plurality of sound sources in the virtual environment, a respective second intermediate audio signal is determined. The respective second intermediate audio signal corresponds to a reflection of the input audio signal in a surface of the virtual environment. The respective second intermediate audio signal is determined based on a location of the respective sound source, and further based on an acoustic property of the virtual environment. The respective second intermediate audio signal is associated with a second bus. The output audio signal is presented to the listener via the first bus and the second bus.
Indoor/outdoor playback device calibration
Techniques described herein may involve calibration of playback devices in indoor and outdoor environments. An example implementation may involve a playback device applying a first equalization profile that at least partially offsets acoustic characteristics of a first zone in a media playback system, the first zone corresponding to an indoor environment. The playback device may play back audio content using the first equalization profile and record, via one or more microphones, at least a portion of the played back audio content. Based on the recorded audio content, the playback device may detect that the playback device has been moved to an outdoor environment. Responsive to detecting that the playback device has been moved to the outdoor environment, the playback device applies a second equalization profile that calibrates the playback device to the outdoor environment.
Method and system for vision-based defect detection
A method and a system for vision-based defect detection are proposed. The method includes the following steps. A test audio signal is outputted to a device-under-test (DUT), and a response signal of the DUT with respect to the test audio signal is received to generate a received audio signal. Signal processing is performed on the received audio signal to generate a spectrogram, and whether the DUT has a defect is determined through computer vision according to the spectrogram.
Electro-acoustic conversion device and terminal
The present disclosure discloses an electro-acoustic conversion device and a terminal. The electro-acoustic conversion device includes a housing, an electro-acoustic component, and a vibration element. The housing is provided with a sound chamber and a sound outlet communicating with the sound chamber. The electro-acoustic component is arranged in the sound chamber. The vibration element is fixed to the housing and configured to generate sound waves to atomize liquid in the sound chamber, so that the atomized liquid is discharged outside the sound chamber through the sound outlet.
Charging and drying station for hearing aid device
A charging and drying station for a hearing aid device includes a hearing aid charger, a main casing, and a drying arrangement. The main casing has a drying platform, a charger accommodating cavity, a supporting compartment and a drying compartment. The drying arrangement includes a thermal dryer provided in the supporting compartment for generating heat in the drying platform. The hearing aid charging is detachably attached on the main casing in the charger accommodating cavity so that the housing of the hearing aid device is capable of being disposed on the hearing aid charger while the earplug of the hearing aid device is arranged to be disposed on the drying platform so as to allow the hearing aid device is capable of being simultaneously recharged and dried by the hearing aid charger and the drying arrangement respectively.
Scene and state augmented signal shaping and separation
Scene and/or state information may be used to facilitate processing an input to separate one or more signals within the input, to shape the signal within the input, and/or for other processing of the input or signal(s) within the input. A scene determination may be made based upon location data, time data, data describing the received input, or other basis. A state determination may be made based upon the scene determination, properties of a signal itself, or other information such as location, time, etc. By determining an appropriate scene and/or state, processing of an input and/or a signal within an input may proceed in a fashion determined to provide the most valuable information for output. Systems and methods in accordance with the invention may be implemented in a wide variety of baseband processing systems, such as hearing aids and energy consumption monitoring systems.
Multifunction system and method for integrated hearing and communication with noise cancellation and feedback management
Systems, devices, and methods for communication include an ear canal microphone configured for placement in the ear canal to detect high frequency sound localization cues. An external microphone positioned away from the ear canal can detect low frequency sound, such that feedback can be substantially reduced. The canal microphone and the external microphone are coupled to a transducer, such that the user perceives sound from the external microphone and the canal microphone with high frequency localization cues and decreased feedback. Wireless circuitry can be configured to connect to many devices with a wireless protocol, such that the user can receive and transmit audio signals. A bone conduction sensor can detect near-end speech of the user for transmission with the wireless circuitry in a noisy environment. Noise cancellation of background sounds near the user can be provided.
Modular hearing instrument comprising electro-acoustic calibration parameters
A hearing instrument includes: a first portion shaped and sized for placement at a pinna of a user's ear; and a second portion having an earpiece for placement in the user's ear canal; wherein the second portion also comprises a connector assembly configured for electrically coupling to the first portion, the connector assembly having a plurality of connector wires, the plurality of connector wires comprising a first connector wire; wherein the second portion also comprises a receiver or miniature loudspeaker for receipt of an audio drive signal through at least the first connector wire; and wherein the second portion also comprises a non-volatile memory circuit having a data interface configured for receipt and transmittal of module data, the non-volatile memory circuit configured to store the module data, wherein the stored module data at least comprises electroacoustic calibration parameter(s) of the receiver or the miniature loudspeaker.
Display apparatus for generating sound by panel vibration type
A display apparatus includes a display panel configured to display an image; a plate on a rear surface of the display panel; a rear structure on a rear surface of the plate and configured to support the display panel; a vibration member configured to vibrate the plate; and a first supporting member between a periphery of the plate and the rear structure.
A soundbar includes a housing, at least two transducers of a first group and at least one transducer of a second group. The at least two transducers of the first group are arranged at the front side of the housing and configured to emit sound in a first direction in accordance with two first audio signals so as to reproduce a two dimensional sound field. The at least one transducer of a second group is arranged at second side of the housing and configured to emit sound in a second direction in accordance with a second audio signal such that the sound emitted by the at least one transducer of the second group reaches a predefined listener's position in a reflected manner to extend the two dimensional sound field in a height direction. The reflection reflecting the sound emitted by the at least one transducer of the second group has an order of at least two.
Modified directional effect
An example method is performed by a media playback system comprising a plurality of audio drivers configured to output audio content according to a first radiation pattern that produces an inherent directional effect. Based on data representing positions of one or more listeners in a listening area, the system determines first and second transfer functions corresponding to the first and second audio drivers, respectively. One or both of the transfer functions configure the first and second audio drivers to output audio content according to a second radiation pattern that produces a modified directional effect relative to the first radiation pattern. The system applies the transfer function to audio content thereby causing the first and second audio drivers to play back audio content according to the second radiation pattern.
System identification device, system identification method, system identification program, and recording medium recording system identification program
A system identification device for performing fast real-time identification for a system from input/output data includes a filter robust to disturbance, by setting the maximum energy gain from the disturbance to a filter error, as an evaluation criterion, smaller than a given upper limit. The filter estimates a state estimation value of a state of the system.
Beamforming for a wearable computer
A wearable computer is configured to use beamforming techniques to isolate a user's speech from extraneous audio signals occurring within a physical environment. A microphone array of the wearable computer may generate audio signal data from an utterance from a user's mouth. A motion sensor(s) of the wearable computer may generate motion data from movement of the wearable computer. This motion data may be used to determine a direction vector pointing from the wearable computer to the user's mouth, and a beampattern may be defined that has a beampattern direction in substantial alignment with the determined direction vector to focus the microphone array on the user's mouth for speech isolation.
Spatial double-talk detector
Double-talk detection systems and methods are provided that include a plurality of microphones and array processing to detect when a vehicle occupant is speaking. One or more array processors combine the microphone signals to provide a primary signal and a reference signal. The responses of the primary signal and the reference signal are different in the direction of an occupant location. A comparison of energy content is made between the primary signal and reference signal to selectively indicate double-talk based on the comparison.
Audio loudspeaker array and related methods
An audio speaker includes a frame or manifold supporting a plurality of drivers electrically connected to operate in common acoustic phase. The plurality of drivers includes an inner group of drivers and an outer group of drivers at least partially surrounding the inner group of drivers. An electrical input of the outer group of drivers may be delayed relative an electrical input of the inner group of drivers depending on several factors including the selected frame on which the plurality of drivers is mounted.
Acoustic lens and speaker system
Acoustic lens includes a plurality of fins arranged at a predetermined interval. At least one fin among the plurality of fins includes: first notch portion provided on a front side of a path of a sound; and second notch portion provided on a rear side of the path of the sound. Second notch portion has a shape corresponding to a shape of a diaphragm of a speaker disposed in proximity to the fin.
Steam quality process monitor
A steam quality process monitor system and method includes a temperature sensor, a pressure sensor, a processor and memory configured: to determine a steam quality value of an input steam supply based on a reading of the temperature sensor and a reading the pressure sensor; continuously update the steam quality value; and a machine that accepts the input steam supply and is at least partially controlled by the steam quality value. A steam quality process monitor system and method includes a temperature sensor, a pressure sensor, a processor and memory configured: to determine a steam quality value of an input steam supply based on a reading of the temperature sensor and a reading the pressure sensor; continuously update the steam quality value; and a machine that accepts the input steam supply and is at least partially controlled by the steam quality value.
Stackable wall mount enclosure
A telecommunications enclosure having a door hingedly attached to a chassis. The chassis has a first through-hole configured to have at least one patching panel installed therein. A different enclosure, like the telecommunications enclosure, is mountable on the door. The door is rotatable relative to the chassis between closed and open positions when the different enclosure is mounted thereto. The door allows access to an interior of the chassis when the door is in the open position. The chassis and/or the door may have a second through-hole configured to allow a telecommunications cable connected to the at least one patching panel to pass therethrough and exit the interior of the chassis.
Receiving device and data processing method
A configuration capable of performing a process of presenting the emergency information to the viewer promptly and reliably is implemented. Middleware of a receiving device that performs a broadcasting content output process receives an emergency information delivery notification transmitted by a transmitting device and generates emergency information event notification data including configuration data of the received emergency information delivery notification. An output data control unit acquires event notification data and executes a process of acquiring or displaying emergency information on the basis of the acquired event notification data. For example, in a case where emergency information overlaid on an image is delivered, application presentation content is deleted in accordance with an event notification, and in the case of signaling emergency information delivery, a process of acquiring and outputting the emergency information promptly is executed.
Network services platform systems, methods, and apparatus
Methods, apparatus, and system to provide network services, including to manage and or produce a media stream, including by a party who is in a location that is remote relative to the live media streaming apparatus, and including to provide the network services to users of a local area network (“LAN”), including users of the LAN who may not have an Internet connection, as well as to users who connect with the network service over a wide area network, such as the Internet.
Video streaming playback system and method
A video streaming playback system is provided that enables video hosting website operators and content creators to obtain revenue. The system includes a video playback module, a tipping module, a video download button/link display module, an ad module, and a video provision options control module. The video provision options control module provides options regarding (1) whether to operate the tipping module to accept tips, (2) whether to operate the download button/link display module to permit videos to be downloaded, and (3) whether to operate the ad module to display ads to the user who is a video provider.
Methods and apparatus for software provisioning of a network device
Methods and apparatus for provisioning or updating software over a network. In one embodiment, the network comprises a cable network, and each particular client device (e.g., set-top box) on the network is identified by an address or other unique descriptor. A version association file stored on a server or downloaded to the device maps particular application versions to one or more addresses corresponding to individual client devices. When the version association file is modified or created, the server transmits an upgrade message over the network (optionally along with the current version association file). Upon receiving an upgrade message, a set-top box accesses the version association file, and compares a designated application version to that of the application currently in use. If the designated version is not present on the set-top, the box will terminate any old version of the application currently running and download and install the designated version.
Method and apparatus for transmitting and reproducing content in virtual reality system
Disclosed is a technology for a sensor network, Machine to Machine (M2M) communication, Machine Type Communication (MTC), and Internet of Things (IoT). The present disclosure can be used for intelligent services based on the technology (services related to smart home, smart building, smart city, smart car, connected car, health care, digital education, retail business, security, and safety). A method of reproducing content by a virtual reality device is provided. The method includes transmitting parameters related to functions of a user device; receiving interest metadata related to content that matches a set of the transmitted parameters; receiving and decoding the content corresponding to a version that matches the set of transmitted parameters in a unit of at least one tile corresponding to a view area to be displayed in accordance with a user's viewpoint based on the interest metadata; and rendering the decoded tile based on the interest metadata.
System and method for secure appliance operation
Secure control of network appliances uses a central hub connected to a plurality of network appliances or multiple hubs in a short-range wireless mesh network. The central hub controls communication with the appliances and also includes a cellular link for communication with a cellular network. Only the central hub can communicate with the Internet via the cellular link. User equipment (UE) contains an application program that works in conjunction with the central hub to control the appliances. Commands generated by the UE are sent either directly to the central hub or via the mesh network. Upon receipt of an authenticated command, the central hub propagates commands via the short-range wireless mesh network to the intended network appliance either directly or via the mesh network.
Wireliss docking system for audio-video
A host device (300) provides wireless docking to a dockee device (250). The host has a remote client unit (210) for providing at least one audio/video (AV) rendering function to an application (252) via remote server unit (251) in a dockee device. The host has transfer units (211,212,213,214) arranged for enabling transmitting a downstream of first AV data to the dockee device, and receiving an upstream of second AV data to be rendered from the dockee device. The host device has an AV router (310) for processing the downstream and the upstream so as to replace first AV data in the downstream by a predetermined pattern before transmitting the downstream to the dockee device, and replace at least part of second AV data in the upstream by at least part of the first AV data after receiving the upstream from the dockee device and before rendering the AV data. Advantageously required bandwidth is reduced in the wireless communication.
Content stream overlay positioning
Techniques described herein include systems and methods for identifying areas of a user interface to position overlay content without obscuring primary content. A scene in a content stream may be identified based on one or more user interface elements included in the content stream. Boundaries and positions of the one or more user interface elements may be identified in the scene based on an edge detection algorithm. A prominence value may be determined for a container that corresponds to an area of a user interface that includes the one or more user interface elements based on aggregate user input for the scene. Instructions for updating the scene may be transmitted to a user device to incorporate an overlay that includes containers that correspond to areas of the user interface that enables a user to place an overlay user interface element in a particular container based on the prominence value.
Event conditioned views for communication sessions
Systems and methods for displaying a teleconference session are described. Teleconference data including display streams is transmitted to a number of client computers. Each of the streams may include at least a video and an audio component. A user interface includes a first display area rendering a first stream and a second display area rendering a second stream. An event may occur that removes a video component from the first stream. In response to the event, the rendering of the first stream may be removed from the first display area, and one or more streams of the plurality of streams may be displayed in at least a portion of the first display area. Such techniques for modifying user interface displays based on the actions of select users that have transitioned to an audio-only mode can optimize the use of a display area.
Out-of-home transmissions for digital video recorder
Devices and methods are provided for out-of-home transmissions for digital video recorders. The device may receive, at a first port of the device, a first packet from a second device using a peer-to-peer (P2P) connection between the device and a second device, first packet including a first session identifier associated with a first socket based on the first port and a second port of the second device. The device may receive a second packet from the second device using the P2P connection, the second packet including a second session identifier. The device may determine a second socket based on the second session identifier, the second socket based on the first port and a third port of the second device. The device may send a third packet using the second socket, the third packet including the second session identifier.
Digital overlay offers on connected media devices
A computing device includes memory for storing commercial metadata and offer metadata harvested from within an offer distribution network. A processor compares the commercial metadata related to a broadcast commercial to be streamed to a client media device with the offer metadata related to available offers from offer providers, to generate a comparison. The processor then selects an offer from the available offers based on the comparison; determines when and over what video stream the broadcast commercial is to be streamed; detects that a screen device is paired to the client media device; and delivers the offer to a display of the screen device during streaming of the broadcast commercial over the video stream to the client media device. When a user of the screen device selects an indicia of the offer, the offer is collected into a virtual wallet from which the offer can be redeemed in various ways.
Method and system for smart adaptive video streaming driven by perceptual quality-of-experience estimations
The present invention is a system or method that facilitates smart decision makings at the client side for adaptive video streaming over a video delivery network by making use of perceptual video quality-of-experience predictions performed during the video preparation stage, at the video hosting or cache server side, or inside the video delivery network, and then transmitted to the client. Compared with prior art approaches of adaptive bitrate video streaming, the present invention can result in one or more of the following benefits: 1) save the overall bandwidth for the delivery of the video content without scarifying the client users' quality-of-experience; 2) create better overall visual quality-of-experience of the client users; 3) create smoother visual quality-of-experience of the client users; and 4) reduce the probability of rebuffering or stalling events at the client user side.
Terminal using intelligent analysis for decreasing playback time of video
Terminal using intelligent analysis for decreasing playback time of video. The terminal includes a controller configured to store, in the memory, use pattern information of a user and select an object to be used as an editing criterion of a first video, based on the stored use pattern information. The controller also identifies in the first video one or more first playback sections which include the object and one or more second playback sections which do not include the object. In addition, the controller is configured to delete from the first video the one or more second playback sections to generate a second video, decrease a playback time of the second video to a predetermined playback time, and cause the display to display the second video having the predetermined playback time according to a video playback request.
Content providing apparatus, method of controlling the same, and recording medium thereof
Disclosed are a content providing apparatus, a method of controlling the same, and a recording medium thereof, the content providing apparatus including: a transmitter configured to transmit data to a display apparatus; and a processor configured to control the transmitter to transmit content data and additional data, relating to image attributes of the content data and having a fixed value corresponding to at least one section, among a plurality of sections of the content data, to the display apparatus based on a command received from a user to playback image content at a predetermined speed. Thus, it is possible to solve a problem of flickering or an error in brightness of a screen at a variable-speed playback of dynamic HDR content.
Method and device for controlling frame rate of electronic device, storage medium, and electronic device
A method and device for controlling a frame rate of an electronic device, and an electronic device are provided. The method includes the following. A frame rate of rendering and a priority of each of target objects currently running on the electronic device are obtained. A synthesizing frame rate of the electronic device is determined according to the frame rate of rendering and the priority of each of the target objects. According to the synthesizing frame rate, respective images rendered by the target objects are synthesized to generate a to-be-displayed image.
Method and apparatus of entropy coding and context modelling for video and image coding
A method and apparatus for applying entropy coding to a symbol associated with a block are disclosed. According to the present invention, context-based entropy coding is applied to source symbols associated with blocks having variable block sizes generated by partitioning an initial block using a quadtree structure, a binary-tree structure or a combined quadtree plus binary-tree structure. Contexts according to the present invention are based on some information derived from neighbouring blocks and also based on at least one of the shape, the size and the depth of the current block since the statistics of the symbols associated with the current block may be correlated with how the current block has been partitioned through a tree structure. A current symbol to be encoded or decoded may correspond to split flags and modes associated with the tree structure, skip flag or prediction mode flag.
Method and apparatus for adaptively reducing artifacts in block-coded video
Apparatus, systems and methods for adaptively reducing blocking artifacts in block-coded video are disclosed. In one implementation, a system includes processing logic at least capable of deblock filtering at least a portion of a line of video data based, at least in part, on edge information and texture information to generate at least a portion of a line of deblocked video data, and an image data output device responsive to the processing logic.
Techniques for performing a forward transformation by a video encoder using a forward transform matrix
Various embodiments are generally directed to an apparatus, method and other techniques for storing, in memory, at least one master forward transform matrix comprising signed constants having a defined number of precision bits and a sign bit and determining, by processing circuitry, which forward transform matrix to use to perform a transformation based on at least a transform unit size. Further, various techniques may include performing, by the processing circuitry, the transformation on residuals of pixel values of a frame using one of the at least one master forward transform matrix or a forward transform matrix derived from one of the master forward transform matrix at least partially based on the determination.
Intra-prediction method and device in image coding system for 360-degree video
An intra-prediction method executed by a decoding device, comprising the steps of receiving 360-degree video information, on the basis of the 360-degree video information, deriving a prediction mode of a target block in a target face of a projected picture, deriving reference samples for the target block in a reference face of the projected picture, and deriving prediction samples of the target block on the basis of the reference samples in the reference face.
Intra-prediction apparatus for extending a set of predetermined directional intra-prediction modes
An intra-prediction apparatus extends a set of predetermined directional intra-prediction modes of a rectangular video coding block. The intra-prediction apparatus determines an aspect ratio of the rectangular video coding block, and determines a complementary angle range based on the aspect ratio. The apparatus then selects a complementary direction within the complementary directional range, and adds an extension directional intra-prediction mode associated with the complementary direction to the set of predetermined directional intra-prediction modes. Based on the extension directional intra-prediction mode, the apparatus intra-predicts pixel values of pixels of the rectangular video coding block.
Techniques for memory bandwidth optimization in bi-predicted motion vector refinement
A method and apparatus for encoding of a video sequence in an encoder or decoding of the video sequence in a decoder includes parsing an initial motion vector from the video sequence associated with a block. A plurality of samples are determined and pre-fetched to permit both motion vector refinement and motion compensation based on parsing the initial motion vector. Motion vector refinement is performed to determine a final motion vector using a first subset of the plurality of samples, and motion compensation is performed using a second subset of the plurality of samples.
Image decoding apparatus and image coding apparatus
An image decoding apparatus is provided with a CT information decoding unit that decodes division information indicating a division method for binary tree division with respect to a coding node of a coding tree unit, and performs the binary tree division with respect to the coding node by referring to the division information of another decoded coding node.
Systems and methods for hybrid video encoding
Systems and methods are provided for hybrid video encoding. An example method includes: acquiring image information; extracting a background image based at least in part on the image information; detecting whether the background image is stable; and performing encoding switching between a background-based encoding method and a non-background encoding method based at least in part on the detection.
Encoder, decoder, encoding method, and decoding method
An encoder includes circuitry and memory. Using the memory, the circuitry: generates a reconstructed image by encoding and decoding an original image; performs, on a current block included in the reconstructed image, filter processing that is applied to all pixels in the current block, when an edge intensity of the current block is lower than a threshold; and skips the filter processing on the current block when the edge intensity of the current block is higher than the threshold.
Using a current picture as a reference for video coding
An example method for encoding or decoding video data includes storing, by a video coder and in a reference picture buffer, a version of a current picture of the video data, including the current picture in a reference picture list (RPL) used to predict the current picture, and coding, by the video coder and based on the RPL, a block of video data in the current picture based on a predictor block of video data included in the version of the current picture stored in the reference picture buffer.
Apparatus, a method and a computer program for video coding and decoding on the basis of a motion vector
Methods, apparatus and computer program products are provided in which a set of valid motion vector values for encoding and decoding may depend on a reference picture used. A current block of a frame is selected for encoding, and a reference block for the current block is selected. On the basis of the selected reference block a reference type is determined. On the basis of the reference type and the reference block a motion vector for the current block is determined. Motion vector information is encoded and decoded on the basis of the determined motion vector.
Stereo camera and method of controlling stereo camera
A first wide angle image, a second wide angle image, a first telephoto image, and a second telephoto image are acquired from a first imaging unit 11L and a second imaging unit 11R at the same time, and particularly, optical axes of the wide angle optical system and the telephoto optical system constituting the first imaging optical system 12L match each other, and the second imaging optical system is similarly configured, and therefore, it is possible to position the main subject at a center position of the first telephoto image and the second telephoto image by independently performing pan and tilt control on the first and the second imaging unit so that the main subject is captured on the respective optical axes of the first imaging optical system and the second imaging optical system on the basis of the first wide angle image and the second wide angle image.
Vision enhancing system and method
A digital vision system for use in turbid, dark or stained water is disclosed. Turbid water is opaque to the optical wavelengths viewable by humans but is transparent to near infrared (NIR) light. Using NIR wavelength illumination in turbid water allows viewing of objects that would otherwise not be visible through turbid water. NIR light is used to illuminate an area to be viewed. Video cameras comprising optical filters receive the NIR light reflected from objects in the camera field of view, producing camera video signals that may be processed and communicated to projector that convert the video signals to independent optical output video that is projected to the eye of the at optical frequencies viewable by humans. The user is thus provided with a real time vision system that allows the diver to visualize objects otherwise not visible using white light illumination.
Three-dimensional model distribution method and three-dimensional model distribution device
A three-dimensional model distribution method includes: distributing a first model, which is a three-dimensional model of a target space in a target time period, in a first distribution mode; and distributing a second model, which is a three-dimensional model of the target space in the target time period and makes a smaller change per unit time than the first model, in a second distribution mode different from the first distribution mode.
Conditional forced perspective in spherical video
A processor-implemented method in a digital media player includes receiving data defining a user's viewport in relation to spherical video frames displayed by the digital media player; and where a forced perspective event is to be triggered at the time of display of a spherical frame, triggering the forced perspective event conditionally based at least on the orientation of the user's viewport in relation to the spherical video frames. A digital media player includes processing structure for receiving data defining a user's viewport in relation to spherical video frames displayed by the digital media player; and processing structure for, where a forced perspective event is to be triggered at the time of display of a spherical frame, triggering the forced perspective event conditionally based at least on the orientation of the user's viewport in relation to the spherical video frames. A processor-readable medium embodying a computer program for a digital media player is provided. The computer program includes program code for receiving data defining a user's viewport in relation to spherical video frames displayed by the digital media player; and program code for, where a forced perspective event is to be triggered at the time of display of a spherical frame, triggering the forced perspective event conditionally based at least on the orientation of the user's viewport in relation to the spherical video frames.
Reduction of banding artifacts in image processing
An image capture device may detect and repair banding artifacts in a video. The image capture device may include an image sensor and an image processor. The image sensor may capture a frame that includes a sinusoidal light waveform banding artifact. The image processor may detect a sinusoidal light waveform in the frame. The image processor may perform a sinusoidal regression. The image processor may obtain an inverted gain map. The image processor may apply the inverted gain map to the frame. The image processor may output the frame.
A projector includes a light source apparatus, light modulator, projection optical apparatus, exterior enclosure, and heat sink. The light source apparatus includes a substrate having first and second substrate surfaces, light emitters at the side facing the first substrate surface, a frame at the side facing the first substrate surface surrounding the light emitters, and a lid facing the first substrate surface. The light emitters are in an accommodation space formed by the substrate, frame, and lid. The exterior enclosure has a first surface, a second surface that intersects the first surface, and a third surface that intersects the first and second surfaces, and the area of the first surface is greater than the areas of the second and third surfaces. The first or second substrate surface faces the first surface, and the lengthwise direction of the heat dissipation fin extends along the first surface of the exterior enclosure.
Color filter array and image sensor
A color filter array includes color filter units each of which is a square array formed by four square pixels. The first color pixel and the second color pixel are arranged to form a row, the two third color pixels are arranged to form another row, and a row pixel direction of the color filter unit relative to a horizontal direction is inclined by 45° to left or right. The color filter array is an inclined rectangular array, pixels from an intermediate row to a first row or to a last row in a same direction is progressively decreased with a decrement of 1 or 2, and pixels in the first row and the last row is 1 or 2. The application can significantly increase the area of pixels of the unit color filter, and improve the sensitivity of the image sensor without reducing the resolution of the image sensor.
Communication and monitoring system
An audio-video communication system comprises a wireless exterior module located proximate an entrance, a computerized controller running a software application, and a remote peripheral device. The wireless exterior module includes a proximity sensor for detecting a person at the entrance, a video camera for recording an image of the person at the entrance, a microphone for recording the person at the entrance, a speaker for playing audio to the person at the entrance, a transmitter for communicating sounds and images of the person at the entrance, and a receiver for receiving communications at the wireless exterior module. The computerized controller is disposed in wireless electronic communication with the wireless exterior module via the transmitter and the receiver of the wireless exterior module. The remote peripheral device is configured to electronically communicate with the computerized controller for viewing an image from the video camera communicated from the wireless exterior module.
System and method for protecting critical data on camera systems from physical attack
Systems, methods, and computer-readable media for protecting critical data on cameras from physical attacks. In some examples, a camera at a particular site monitors data captured by the camera and, based on the data, detects one or more predetermined conditions indicating a threat to the camera. Based on the one or more predetermined conditions indicating the threat to the camera, the camera determines a threshold risk of damage to data stored at the camera. In response to determining the threshold risk of damage to the data stored at the camera, the camera selects, from a plurality of content items in the data stored at the camera, a subset of content items based on respective priorities associated with the plurality of content items, and sends, via a network, the subset of content items to one or more destinations to yield a prioritized backup of the plurality of content items.
Road vertical contour detection
Various driver assistance systems mountable in a host vehicle and computerized methods for detecting a vertical deviation of a road surface. The driver assistance system includes a camera operatively connectible to a processor. Multiple consecutive image frames are captured from the camera including a first image of the road and a second image of the road. Based on the host vehicle motion, the second image is warped toward the first image to produce thereby a warped second image. Image points of the road in the first image and corresponding image points of the road in the warped second image are tracked. Optical flow is computed between the warped second image to the first image. The optical flow is compared with an optical flow based on a road surface model to produce a residual optical flow. The vertical deviation is computed from the residual optical flow.
Privacy preserving monitoring
According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus (160, 170) comprising a receiver configured to receive anonymized sensor information, at least one processing core configured to convert the anonymized sensor information into personal sensor information based at least partly on personal information, and a memory interface configured to, under control of the at least one processing core, access the personal information.
Single pass parallel encryption method and apparatus
Apparatuses, methods and storage medium associated with single pass parallel encryption are disclosed herein. In embodiments, an apparatus for computing may comprise an encryption engine to encrypt a video stream. The encryption engine may comprise a plurality of encryption pipelines to respectively encrypt a plurality of video sub-streams partitioned from the video stream in parallel in a single pass as the video sub-streams are being generated. The plurality of encryption pipelines may use a corresponding plurality of multi-part encryption counters to encrypt the corresponding video sub-streams as the video sub-streams are being generated. Each of the multi-part encryption counters used by one of the encryption pipelines may comprise a sub-portion that remains constant while encoding the corresponding video sub-stream, but the sub-key is unique for the one encryption pipeline, and differs from corresponding sub-portions of the multi-part encryption counters used by the other encryption pipelines. Other embodiments may be disclosed or claimed.
Solid-state image pickup device and image pickup apparatus
A solid-state image pickup device includes: a pixel array in which a plurality of pixels each outputting a photoelectric conversion signal are disposed; a reference voltage generator that generates a temperature detection voltage changing in accordance with a change in temperature and a reference voltage not depending on a change in temperature; a read circuit that performs signal processing of the photoelectric conversion signal output by the pixel array and the temperature detection voltage generated by the reference voltage generator and reads the photoelectric conversion signal and the temperature detection voltage that are processed; an output circuit that outputs both the photoelectric conversion signal and the temperature detection voltage for which the signal processing has been performed by the read circuit to the outside; and a bias generator that supplies a bias voltage generated based on the reference voltage to both the read circuit and the output circuit.
Compressive sensing based image capture using multi-lens array
Some embodiments provide a novel compressive-sensing image capture device and a method of using data captured by the compressive-sensing image capture device. The novel compressive-sensing image capture device includes an array of sensors for detecting electromagnetic radiation. Each sensor in the sensor array has an associated mask that blocks electromagnetic radiation from portions of the sensor. In some embodiments, an array of passive masks is used to block a particular set of areas of each sensor in the sensor array. In some embodiments, the image capture device also includes an array of lenses corresponding to the sensors of the sensor array such that each sensor receives light that passes through a different lens. Some embodiments of the invention provide a dynamic mask array. In some embodiments, a novel machine trained network is provided that processes image capture data captured by the compressive-sensing image capture device to predict solutions to problems.
High-precision system for time-stamping the passage of an object, in particular a satellite
A system for time-stamping the passage of a moving object is provided. The system includes a telescope, a satellite geolocating system and an electronic processor, the telescope comprising a focusing optic, a mechanical shutter and a CCD sensor comprising the function referred to as “time delay and integration”. When the moving object passes through the field of the telescope during a period wherein the mechanical shutter is open, the shift of the charge of a pixel in the rows of the CCD sensor ensured by the TDI function is carried out at least once at a time defined by the satellite geolocating system, shifting the trace of light left by the image of the moving object along a column of pixels, the electronic data processor determining the exact position of the moving object at the defined time depending on knowledge of this column and of the position of the telescope.
Method, apparatus, and system providing an imager with pixels having extended dynamic range
The dynamic range of a pixel is increased by using selective photosensor resets during a frame time of image capture at a timing depending on the light intensity that the pixel will be exposed to during the frame time. Pixels that will be exposed to high light intensity are reset later in the frame than pixels that will be exposed to lower light intensity.
Solid-state image capture device, image capture system, and object identification system
A solid-state image capture device and an image capture system capable of photographing a color image with high sensitivity in a wide illuminance environment from normal illuminance to darkness. A solid-state image capture device is provided with a first detection portion in which a first visible light pixel receiving first visible light and a first near-infrared pixel receiving first near-infrared light are provided adjacent to each other, a second detection portion in which a second visible light pixel receiving second visible light different in wavelength from the first visible light and a second near-infrared pixel receiving second near-infrared light are provided adjacent to each other, and a third detection portion in which a third visible light pixel receiving third visible light different in wavelength from the first visible light and the second visible light and a third near-infrared pixel receiving third near-infrared light are provided adjacent to each other.
Real time video special effects system and method
The present technology is a graphical user interface for a video recording system and method of recording a video while applying special effects in real time prior to and/or while recording. The interface is associated with an electronic device including a processor in communication with a camera and a memory unit. Inputs from the interface are utilized by the processing unit to determine if the native speed rate of the raw video data is to be changed, and if so then modifies at least one frame in the raw video data to create a modified video data at a modified speed rate that is different to the native speed rate. The system then generates an output video feed that is displayed in the graphical user interface. This allows for the continuous recording of video from the camera or video feed at different speed rates without altering camera operations or settings.
Setting apparatus, setting method, and storage medium
A setting apparatus comprises a setting unit that sets a virtual light parameter for applying an effect of irradiating virtual light on a plurality of subjects included in an image; and a classification unit that classifies the plurality of subjects into a plurality of groups based on a state of shadow. The setting unit sets the virtual light parameter for each group classified by the classification unit.
Blade opening/closing apparatus and image pickup apparatus to secure favorable photographing states by use of a biasing spring and magnetic driving portion for setting a rotation position associated with locked/unlocked states
To secure a favorable photographing state without causing an increase of power consumption. A blade opening/closing apparatus includes a magnetic driving portion including a coil to which a driving current is supplied and a magnet that is rotated along with energization to the coil; a driving body that includes a to-be-locked portion and is operated by the magnetic driving portion; an opening/closing blade that opens/closes an aperture by an operation of the driving body; and a lock portion that sets a locked state of the opening/closing blade by engaging with the to-be-locked portion, the setting of the locked state and a release of the locked state being carried out in accordance with a rotation position of the magnet. Accordingly, since the lock portion engages with the to-be-locked portion to thus set the locked state and unlock the locked state in accordance with the rotation position of the magnet and locking with respect to the opening/closing blade is not performed by a magnetic force of the magnet, a favorable photographing state can be secured without causing an increase of power consumption.
Image capturing apparatus and method of controlling the same
An image capturing apparatus comprises an image sensor in which a plurality of pixels are arranged two-dimensionally, wherein each of the pixels have a photoelectric conversion portion, a holding portion that holds a charge obtained by the photoelectric conversion portion, an amplification portion that outputs a signal based on a charge outputted from the holding portion, a first transfer switch that transfers the charge from the photoelectric conversion portion to the holding portion, and a second transfer switch that transfers the charge from the holding portion to the amplification portion; and a controller that controls a number of times that the first transfer switch is turned on in relation to the second transfer switch being turned on one time.
Electronic apparatus and control method for notifying of a change in processing if an operation amount changes from one range to another range
An electronic apparatus includes a processing unit configured to execute processing using a first processing amount for a predetermined item, in a case where the operation amount is included in a range of a first operation amount of the operation member, and to execute processing using a second processing amount for the predetermined item, in a case where the operation amount is included in a range of a second operation amount next to the range of the first operation amount, and a control unit configured to perform control for providing a notification about a function to be executed by the processing unit or the operation amount, in a case where a predetermined condition that the operation amount is continuously included in the range of the first operation amount for a predetermined time or more is satisfied.
Multimodal image sensing for region of interest capture
An imaging sensor system includes a control system that helps save energy, computing, and communication resources by capturing evaluation images with a gating image sensor and processing the evaluation images to determine whether there is a region of interest (ROI) present that warrants capturing a subsequent image with a gated image sensor for additional image processing. That is, the gating image sensor and preliminary processing operates as a gate for turning on the gated sensor for the additional image capturing and processing. The additional image captured by the gated sensor may include only the ROI, which is provided to an image processing algorithm for further image processing. In addition, a gating sensor may include infrared sensing to help determine whether the ROI includes thermal data indicative of human features.
Flying camera and a system
There is provided a control device including an image display unit configured to acquire, from a flying body, an image captured by an imaging device provided in the flying body and to display the image, and a flight instruction generation unit configured to generate a flight instruction for the flying body based on content of an operation performed with respect to the image captured by the imaging device and displayed by the image display unit.
Image shake correction device and imaging device
An image shake correction device (3) includes a movable member (2), a support member (1) including a movement prevention member (1B, 1C) for preventing the movable member (2) from being lifted, and a movement restriction unit that restricts a movement range of the movable member (2). The movement restriction unit includes a hole portion (11a) formed in the support member (1) and an insertion member (28a) inserted into the hole portion (11a) formed in the movable member (2). The insertion member (28a) has an abutting portion (283a) that moves in the hole portion (11a) in directions X, Y, and θ with the movement of the movable member (2), and a wide width portion (281a) which is wider than the abutting portion (283a).
Control apparatus, image capturing apparatus, control method, and computer-readable storage medium
A control apparatus obtains the moving speed of an object, and controls, based on the moving speed of the object, an image capturing unit configured to capture the object such that first image capturing for performing image capturing without following the object or second image capturing for performing image capturing while following the object is performed.
Image capturing apparatus and control method for capturing still images without interrupting video recordings
An image capturing apparatus comprises an image sensor, a readout circuit capable of performing a first readout operation of reading out a first image signal and a second readout operation of reading out a second image signal for which the number of pixels is larger than the number of pixels for the first image signal, a compression circuit that generates a first compressed image signal by compressing the first image signal, and generates a second compressed image signal by compressing the second image signal, a decoding unit configured to decode the first compressed image signal and second compressed image signal, and a control unit configured to perform control so as to transfer the second compressed image signal to the decoding unit during a period during which the decoding unit is not decoding the first compressed image signal.
Communication terminal, image communication system, display control method, and non-transitory computer-readable medium
A communication terminal for displaying a predetermined-area image, which is an image of a part of a whole image, includes circuitry. The circuitry receives first predetermined information specifying a first predetermined area, the first predetermined information being transmitted from another communication terminal displaying a first predetermined-area image, which is an image of the first predetermined-area. The circuitry calculates a position of the first predetermined area with respect to a second predetermined area, based on the first predetermined information received and second predetermined information specifying the second predetermined area, the second predetermined area being an area of a second predetermined-area image being displayed by the communication terminal. The circuitry controls a display to display the second predetermined-area image including at least one of relative position information indicating the position calculated and direction information indicating a direction of the first predetermined area with respect to the second predetermined area.
Positioning and orienting cameras to extend an angle of view
In one embodiment, a camera system includes a first camera that has a first camera angle of view and a second camera that has a second camera angle of view. The first camera is positioned and oriented to have a first coverage area and the second camera is positioned and oriented to have a second coverage area that at least partially overlaps the first coverage area. An angle between a center axis of the first camera angle of view and a center axis of the second camera angle of view exceeds the first camera angle of view.
Apparatus and method for controlling auto focus function in electronic device
An apparatus and a method for performing an Auto Focus (AF) function in an electronic device which does not perform the AF function while performing a camcorder function are provided. The apparatus includes a camera for receiving a photographing data, a camera processing unit for performing any one of a still picture acquisition function and an AF function, a recording processing unit for performing a function for recording the photographing data, a camera driver for operating the camera under control of the camera processing unit and the recording processing unit, and a processor for controlling the camera processing unit and the recording processing unit when detecting an AF request while photographing a moving picture to focus on the photographing data automatically and to record the focused photographing data.
Interchangeable lens and camera body
An interchangeable lens includes: a mount unit on which a camera body can be mounted; a driven member; a drive unit that drives the driven member; a storage unit that stores lens data related to driving of the driven member by the drive unit; and a transmitter that sends lens-side judgment data, based on which whether the lens data is properly stored in the storage unit can be judged at the camera body, to the camera body.
Communication apparatus, control method of the same, electronic apparatus, and system
A communication apparatus comprises a communication unit that wirelessly communicates with an electronic apparatus present within a predetermined range, a detection unit that detects a wireless signal transmitted from the electronic apparatus at a predetermined frequency, and a control unit that performs a function to control the electronic apparatus via the communication unit. The control unit changes the predetermined frequency according to the state of the function.
Image processing system, method, apparatus and device of processing image data
A method of processing image data performed by an image capturing end includes receiving an image control instruction from a control end, performing, in response to the image control instruction, an image processing operation based upon the image control instruction to obtain image data, and providing the image data to the control end.
Flash control device, flash control method, flash, image capture apparatus, and image capture system
A flash control device repeatedly informs a firing timing during an exposure period of the image capture apparatus. The device stops informing the firing timing if a condition for ending the exposure period of an image capture apparatus is satisfied. The disclosed flash control device can control the firing timing even in a case where a shooting mode of the image capture apparatus is a shooting mode with an indefinite exposure period.
Image processing system and setting method
An image processing system and a setting method capable of performing lighting setting of illumination in a simpler manner are provided. The control device (100) evaluates evaluation lighting patterns (xi) one by one to calculate evaluation values (Pi), and uses coefficients (1i) determined based on the evaluation values (Pi) to linearly combine each evaluation lighting pattern (xi) to determine a lighting pattern for measurement (L).
A camera module to retain a smooth and easy focusing movement through components connected together by threads includes a lens bracket and a lens barrel. The lens bracket carries an optical lens and includes sidewall with a first internal thread. The optical lens includes sensor end. The sensor end includes a lateral surface with an external thread which corresponds to the first internal thread. The lateral surface defines several notches extending from the end of the lateral surface down through the external threads to reduce any clamping or high turning resistance between the internal and the external threads.
Image pickup unit that allows optical adjustment
An image pickup unit that is capable of simplifying an optical adjustment work for an image pickup surface. A holding plate holds an image sensor. A lens barrel includes an optical system that forms an object image on the image sensor. A removable shim plate is inserted between the lens barrel and the holding plate and has a shape to avoid the image sensor. An energizing mechanism is inserted between the shim plate and the lens barrel to energizes the shim plate and the holding plate in a direction away from the lens barrel. Three adjusting screws fix the holding plate and shim plate to the lens barrel. Each of the adjusting screws displaces corresponding portions of the shim plate and holding plate toward the lens barrel when being fastened and displaces the corresponding portions away from the lens barrel in cooperation with the energizing mechanism when being loosened.
The disclosure provides a structure for suppressing occurrence of dew condensation on a cover member in an image sensor for industrial use. An image sensor includes an illumination part for illuminating a subject, a lens part for forming an optical image of the subject, an imaging part for generating an image based on the optical image, and a housing for accommodating the illumination part, the lens part, and the imaging part. A light-transmissive cover member covering a front side of the lens part and the illumination part is attached to the housing. A wall member partitioning a space where the lens part is arranged and a space where the illumination part is arranged is provided inside the housing, and the housing has a heat transfer structure for transferring heat generated inside the housing to the cover member.
Environmental-based spatial color uniformity correction by using statistical distribution of camera modules
A method of manufacturing an imaging system includes selecting a golden sample camera module, an upper sample camera module, and a lower sample camera module from a population of camera modules; measuring a golden sample non-uniformity profile at a plurality of CCTs for the golden sample camera module; measuring an upper sample non-uniformity profile at the plurality of CCTs for the upper sample camera module; measuring a lower sample non-uniformity profile at the plurality of CCTs for the lower sample camera module; calculating an anchor non-uniformity profile at each CCT for the population of camera modules by a weighted average of the golden sample non-uniformity profile, the upper sample non-uniformity profile, and the lower sample non-uniformity profile at each CCT; and storing a plurality of anchor non-uniformity profiles in a hardware storage device of the imaging system including a first camera module of the population of camera modules.
Printing apparatus, control method for printing apparatus, and storage medium
In a case where a setting of a function is changed from enabled to disabled, a printing apparatus stops transmission of a Bluetooth Low Energy packet in a format compatible with the function.
Image forming apparatus, image forming method, and non-transitory computer readable medium
An image forming apparatus includes a display, a communication unit, and a controller. Information is displayed on the display. The communication unit performs communication with a first display apparatus, which is an external apparatus. The controller performs control, if an error occurs during an image forming process, in such a manner that different error information is displayed on the display and on the first display apparatus on the basis of a communication status with the first display apparatus and statuses of operations performed by a user of the first display apparatus and a user of the image forming apparatus.
Image forming apparatus which detects an overrun
An image forming apparatus includes first storage, a writing controller, a reading controller, a conveyance section, a detector, and a main controller. The conveyance section conveys a recording medium. The detector detects an overrun. Write addresses are designated in a predefined sequence from among addresses. Read addresses are designated in the predefined sequence from among the addresses. The writing process and the reading process are performed in storage areas included in the first storage in a first order. The overrun indicates that the writing and reading processes are performed in the storage areas included in the first storage in a second order that is opposite to the first order. While the conveyance section conveys the recording medium, the main controller controls the writing controller or the reading controller based on a detection result of the detector.
A three-dimensional printer for providing additive material to an object in need thereof includes a non-transitory computer memory; a processor in data communication with the computer memory; a material reservoir; an output device in communication with the material reservoir; a scanning device for obtaining existing contour information about the object; and a contour database accessible by the processor which has contour information about the object. The scanning device is in data communication with the processor. Programming causes: (1) the scanning device to obtain the existing contour information; (2) the computer memory to store the obtained existing contour information; and (3) the processor to create a print file based on data from each of: (a) the obtained existing contour information, and (b) the contour database. Further programming selectively actuates the output device, utilizing the print file, to apply the material from the material reservoir to the object in need thereof.
Method and system for processing interactive voice response input in a call setup message
A method and apparatus for processing IVR input in a call setup message are provided herein. The method includes receiving at an IVR system a call setup message including information associated with one or more data fields; parsing the information included in the call setup message; and directing the call based on the information included in the call setup message.
Techniques for benchmarking pairing strategies in a contact center system
Techniques for benchmarking pairing strategies in a contact center system are disclosed. In one embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a method for benchmarking pairing strategies in a contact center system comprising: determining for each contact of a plurality of contacts, an associated plurality of historical contact assignments; determining, for each contact, an associated outcome value; partitioning, for each contact, the associated plurality of historical assignments into a first associated subset assigned using a first pairing strategy and a second associated subset assigned using a second pairing strategy; determining, for each contact, a first portion of the associated outcome value attributable to the first associated subset and a second portion of the associated outcome value attributable to the second associated subset; and outputting a difference in performance between the first and second pairing strategies according to the first and second associated portions of the associated outcome value for each contact.
Techniques for benchmarking pairing strategies in a contact center system
Techniques for benchmarking pairing strategies in a contact center system are disclosed. In one embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a method for benchmarking pairing strategies in a contact center system comprising: determining for each contact of a plurality of contacts, an associated plurality of historical contact assignments; determining, for each contact, an associated outcome value; partitioning, for each contact, the associated plurality of historical assignments into a first associated subset assigned using a first pairing strategy and a second associated subset assigned using a second pairing strategy; determining, for each contact, a first portion of the associated outcome value attributable to the first associated subset and a second portion of the associated outcome value attributable to the second associated subset; and outputting a difference in performance between the first and second pairing strategies according to the first and second associated portions of the associated outcome value for each contact.
System and method for distributing an agent interaction for evaluation based on the quality of service
A computerized system in a cloud-based computing environment for preventing an evaluation of agent recording segments having bad customer sentiment due to low network Quality of Service (QoS), is provided herein. The system may include a Session Border Controller to send metadata related to a regulated network QoS to a database; a media server to store the call interaction; an Interaction Manager (IM) module to extract metadata related to the regulated network QoS; an Indexer Micro-Service to listen to real-time data streaming service and to index and store the metadata related to the regulated network QoS, when new metadata arrives; a Multi-Channel Recording unit to retrieve: an interaction call; and indexed metadata from the document-oriented database; a Quality Planner Micro-Service to: read MOS score for the call interaction; distribute a call interaction for evaluation when the read MOS score is above a predefined threshold, according to a predefined quality plan.
Systems and methods for determining the driver of a vehicle
A system and method for disabling distracting apps on a driver's personal devices while allowing passengers travelling in the same vehicle to have full use of their personal devices. The system works by first identifying all the personal devices that are in the vehicle and then establishing a loose mesh network between those devices. Once the mesh network is established, the system identifies which of the personal devices is associated with the driver, and ensures that any distracting apps on the driver's personal device are disabled, while allowing full functionality for any passenger's personal devices.
Apparatus and method for automatic call receiving and sending depending on user posture in portable terminal
A method of receiving a call by recognizing a posture of a user in a portable terminal is provided. The method includes identifying whether a call reception event occurs, detecting a motion in which the user brings the portable terminal to an ear by using a posture detecting sensor, when the call reception event occurs, and connecting the call upon detecting the motion.
Display controlling method, terminal, information processing apparatus, and storage medium
A display controlling method includes displaying content in a first display area on a screen of a terminal; determining whether the content is viewed; and moving the content from the first display area to a second display area in order to display the content if it is determined that the content is not viewed.
Electronic device and method for controlling call function
An electronic device according to various embodiments in the present disclosure may comprise a modem, at least one sensor, and at least one processor which is connected with the modem and the at least one sensor and configured to control: determining the distance between the electronic device and a user thereof during the execution of a call application; determining the output intensity of sound data received from another electronic device connected through the call application, as an output intensity corresponding to the determined distance; and outputting the sound data at the determined output intensity.
Portable electronic device holder with assistance request button and method of powering portable electronic device
A portable electronic device (PED) holder assembly and related methods. A PED holder assembly includes a PED holder assembly to which a PED is detachably attachable, an output connector adapted for connection to an input port of a PED held by the PED holder assembly, an assistance request button attached to the PED holder assembly, a connection cable assembly operatively connected to the output connector and the assistance request button, and a bed-side connector assembly adapted to be connected to a bed-side end of a multifunctional assistance request cable. The bed-side connector assembly is operatively connected to the output connector, via the connection cable assembly, to transmit power received from the multifunctional assistance request cable to the PED. The bed-side connector is operatively connected to the assistance request button to transmit an assistance request signal generated via a pressing of the assistance request button through the multifunctional assistance request cable.
Interface gateway and method of facilitating communication between a property management system and a guest service device
An interface gateway facilitates communication between a first device and a second device serving a hospitality establishment. The first device is one of a property management system (PMS) and a guest service device, and the second device is the other of the property management system (PMS) and the guest service device. One or more communication ports perform data communications with the first device and the second device. One or more processors receive a message from the first device, determine that the message is in a first format, determine that the message is applicable to the second device, determine that the second device supports a second format, convert the message to the second format, store the message in a transmit queue with an indication of whether a confirmation reply is expected from the second device, and send the message in the second format to the second device.
Methods, devices, and systems for determining a subset for autonomous sharing of digital media
Methods, systems, and devices for determining a subset of user devices (115, 120) from among a complete set of user devices (110, 115, 120) based on a set of received information, i.e., attributes (513, 516) associated with a photograph (514) or user device (110) that transmitted the photograph (514) and attributes (513, 516), where the disposition of the information may be used to determine the subset and then perform facial recognition (265) on the subset of user associated photographs in order to accurately identify each user or users present in the photograph (514).
System for providing a continuous communication link with a symbol reading device
The disclosure embraces a system and method for providing a continuous communication link between a server computer and a symbol reading device, and a novel symbol reading device adapted for use in such a system. The system greatly simplifies the remote management, diagnostic evaluation, and monitoring of symbol reading devices, especially those devices connected to host devices that are not PC-based or running a complete operating system.
Information processing device, information processing method, and information processing system
There is provided an information processing method that effectively executes a plurality of mutually relating functions in a plurality of devices. An information processing device which uses the method includes a functional information acquisition unit configured to acquire, from a first device that executes a first function and a second function that relate to each other, functional information related to the second function; and a function transmission unit that transmits the functional information acquired from the first device to a second device in a manner that the second function among the first function and the second function that have been executed in the first device is executed in the second device.
Characterization of network latency using boxcarring of action requests from component-driven cloud applications
Method embodiments are disclosed for characterizing network latency for a component of a webpage provided by an application server device, using boxcarring of action requests. The method comprises measuring the network latency for a component provided by an application server device. A latency category is established based on the network latency. An action request of a user occurring within a queue wait time is associated with the latency category. The action request of the user associated with the latency category is enqueued into an enqueued action request, which is batched in a boxcar to create a batched action request. The batched action request is dispatched in the boxcar to the application server device. The queue wait time is adapted based on an updated network latency and a transmission status of the action request of the user and the batched action request. System and computer program product embodiments are also disclosed.
System and method for collaborative telepresence amongst non-homogeneous endpoints
A telepresence system which includes at least one display device and a beacon coupled to the display device. The beacon emits a signal so as to be discoverable by electronic devices nearby such as in a meeting location. The system also includes a receiver-controller coupled to the beacon, the receiver-controller configured to enable such electronic devices to be recognized and to join a collaborative session in which content from one electronic device can be shared with other electronic devices. The receiver-controller can and will share some or all of its functions with one or more of the joined devices simultaneously, if security and identity protocols are satisfied.
Methods and apparatus to monitor usage of virtual computing environments
Methods, apparatus, systems and articles of manufacture are disclosed to monitor usage of virtual computing environments. An example method involves obtaining usage records from a probe manager. The example usage records associate users to occurrences of the users consuming a service. The example method also involves determining an association of the user identifiers with respective ones of the business units. The example method also involves creating aggregate usage records for the respective ones of the business units by assigning the usage records to the respective ones of the business units. Additionally, the example method involves transmitting the aggregate usage records to an infrastructure manager, the infrastructure manager to calculate total monetary costs of the service for the respective ones of the business units based on aggregate usage records.
Call-ahead downloading to vehicles
A vehicle controller communicates with a cellular communication system to request content. The content is transmitted to one or more road side units with storage (RSS) lying on the vehicles known or inferred trajectory. When the vehicle passes by the RSS some or all of the content is transmitted to the vehicle using a short-range, high-bandwidth communication protocol. The content may be divided into segments and each segment sent to an RSS. The segments are sized according to a capacity of the RSS and the amount of time the vehicle is expected to spend traversing a range of the RSS. Content may be cached in the RSS for use by other vehicles.
Storage area network attached clustered storage system
A storage area network (SAN)-attached storage system architecture is disclosed. The storage system provides strongly consistent distributed storage communication protocol semantics, such as SCSI target semantics. The system includes a mechanism for presenting a single distributed logical unit, comprising one or more logical sub-units, as a single logical unit of storage to a host system by associating each of the logical sub-units that make up the single distributed logical unit with a single host visible identifier that corresponds to the single distributed logical unit. The system further includes mechanisms to maintain consistent context information for each of the logical sub-units such that the logical sub-units are not visible to a host system as separate entities from the single distributed logical unit.
System and method for topics implementation in a distributed data computing environment
A system and method for providing store and forward messaging on a partitioned cache provided by a distributed data grid. The store and forward message system implements publish and subscribe semantics in a way that distributed messages over the partitions of the distributed cache, reduces contention and makes efficient use of processor and network resources.
Blockchain-based property management
Methods, systems, and apparatuses for blockchain-based property management are described herein. According to a first embodiment of the disclosure, a plurality of computing systems may be established at a plurality of points along a supply chain associated with the manufacture, shipment, and sale of a physical property item. At each of the plurality of points, the plurality of computing systems may identify data corresponding to the physical property item, which may be stored on a blockchain associated with a decentralized peer-to-peer (e.g., P2P) network. According to a second embodiment of the disclosure, content creator computing devices may transmit digital property item upload requests to a digital property management computing device, which may generate smart contracts corresponding to the requests. Through execution of the smart contracts, access may be granted to digital property items and fees may be provided to the content creator computing devices.
Flexible associativity in multitenant clustered environments
Disclosed herein are methods, systems, and processes for determining a rigidity associated with a dependent application, wherein the rigidity can be a hard rigidity, a firm rigidity, or a soft rigidity, and wherein these rigidities refer to the dependency between the dependent application and a dependee application. In response to detecting a failure of the dependee application, the disclosure provides for performing an appropriate action with respect to the dependent application, wherein that action is based, at least in part, on the rigidity associated with the dependent application. In certain embodiments, the appropriate action can further be based on a locality parameter associated with the dependent application.
Distributing service sessions
Provided are methods and systems for dynamically distributing a service session from a client device. The method may commence with receiving a packet associated with the service session from the client device by a gateway node. The method may include determining that the packet matches a service address in a forwarding policy. The method may continue with selecting one of a plurality of forwarding nodes for sending the packet to the one of the plurality of forwarding nodes. The method may include receiving the packet of the service session by the one of the plurality of forwarding nodes. The method may continue with determining that the packet matches the service address serviced by a servicing node of a plurality of servicing nodes. The method may further include sending the packet to the servicing node for forwarding the packet to a server by the servicing node.
Soliciting and creating collaborative content items
A method for soliciting and creating collaborative content items is disclosed. The method includes receiving, by a user device of a first user, a request to contribute a content item for a personalized message to a second user, the personalized message for an event unique to the second user, wherein the first user is selected to receive the request to contribute the content item based on an affinity score between the first user and the second user, presenting the request to contribute the content item, receiving input from the first user identifying the content item to contribute for the personalized message to the second user, and causing the content item to be added to a collaborative content product generated for the second user, the collaborative content product comprising other content items of other users of the social network.
Techniques for prediction of popularity of media
An article of manufacture for predicting the popularity of media may include at least one processor readable storage medium and instructions stored on the at least one medium. The instructions may be configured to be readable from the at least one medium by at least one processor and may thereby cause the at least one processor to operate so as to determine a publication time associated with digital media, set a predetermined time threshold based on the publication time, analyze the digital media to determine at least one feature associated with the digital media, compile the determined at least one feature, predict a popularity associated with the digital media based on the compiled at least one feature, and output the predicted popularity. The at least one feature associated with the digital media may be determined before the predetermined time threshold.
Migration of operational computing hardware to a data center
Migration techniques are described. In an example, a computing system sends instructions associated with operational computing hardware to a client device. The instructions are sent based on a client request for relocating the operational computing hardware from a client location. This hardware is configured to provide client compute operations and store client data. The computing system provisions a private network within a data center of a provider. Based on an arrival of the portable enclosure with the operational computing hardware from the client location to a provider location associated with the data center, the computing system establishes a network connection between the private network and the operational computing hardware stored in the portable enclosure. The computing system provides remote access to the operational computing hardware via the private network based at least in part on the network connection.
Resending a hypertext transfer protocol request
Technologies related to resending hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) requests are disclosed. One or more operations performed on a first web page is monitored. One or more HTTP requests that include the monitored one or more operations are sent to a server. Information associated with the one or more HTTP requests are recorded. Upon determining that an HTTP request of the one or more HTTP requests has failed to be sent, the HTTP request is recorded to a list of HTTP requests that failed to be sent. The HTTP request recorded to the list is deleted after receiving a normal response message from the server, and whether the list of HTTP requests that failed to be sent is empty is determined when redirecting from the first web page to a second web page.
Adaptive restful real-time live media streaming
Conventional protocols for live media streaming are not lightweight and hence not suitable for constrained video transmitting devices. The protocols are poor in terms of delay performance under lossy conditions and need to maintain a lot of states at the constrained transmitting end leading to load on the memory and draining energy of the devices. The conventionally used protocols do not perform well for intermittent connectivity. Usually the existing streaming solutions act either in completely reliable manner, using reliable transport protocol like TCP, or in completely unreliable manner using best effort unreliable transport protocol like UDP. The present disclosure provides a single streaming solution which can change the protocol semantics and maintains a balance between reliability and delay-performance, thereby optimizing the overall system goodput. The protocol does this intelligently by inferring the criticality of the segment in flight and enable live video streaming for Internet of Things (IoT).
Low latency live video on a communication session
Customized and extremely low latency streaming from the network edge
Streaming improvements are provided by using computing, caching, and/or other resources that are provided at different network edges in a Multi-access Edge Computing (“MEC”) enhanced network. A MEC device, at a network edge, may customize a stream passing to a client device via the network edge by identifying a break in an original stream manifest passing to the client device, and by inserting a link for the client device to request and play content that is selected by the MEC device during the break. The MEC device then passes the modified stream manifest, instead of the original stream manifest, to the client device. The MEC device may also be triggered, via a prioritization message from a host in the network, to prefetch, cache, and serve a stream from the network edge to a client device accessing the network via that network edge.
Bandwidth-dependent media stream compression
In general, this disclosure describes media stream transmission techniques for a computing device. The computing device captures a first media item and identifies a primary portion of the first media item and a secondary portion of the first media item different than the primary portion. The computing device applies a first compression algorithm to the primary portion of the first media item to generate a compressed primary portion. The computing device applies a second compression algorithm to the secondary portion of the first media item to generate a compressed secondary portion, where a data compression ratio of the second compression algorithm is greater than a data compression ratio of the first compression algorithm. The computing device transmits, to a central computing device, the compressed primary portion of the first media item and the compressed secondary portion of the first media item.
Unified playback position
Improved techniques for interacting with media content so as to provide a unified experience of media content across different client devices in a client-server environment are disclosed. Media content may be displayed on first display of a first client device. Using a server computer, a status of the media content may be communicated from the first client device to a second client device. The media content may be displayed on a second display of the second client device, in accordance with the status of the media content from the first client device.
Vehicle entertainment system
Methods and systems for a vehicle entertainment system are provided. One method includes receiving an input for a media file at a smart monitor on an aircraft, the aircraft having a plurality of smart monitors and a plurality of seat boxes communicating via a network that includes a first sub-network to connect a first group of the seat boxes, and a computing device that stores a plurality of media files, and a second sub-network to connect a second group of seat boxes and the computing device. The method further includes identifying by the smart monitor, a priority associated with the input for selecting a source for streaming the media file; streaming the media file from a first source located at the first data sub-network of the first sub-network, based on the priority, and if the media file is available from the first source; and streaming the media file from a second source coupled to the first source within the first sub-network, based on the priority, and if the media file is unavailable from the first source and available from the second source.
Systems and methods to manage multicast traffic
In various example embodiments, a system, a method, and a machine readable medium to manage multicast traffic are disclosed. The system includes a controller server for receiving first multicast group member information and for providing centralized control of a network. The first multicast group member information is received from a first end-host computer and received at the controller server responsive to a first packet forwarding system identifying the first end-host computer is joining a first multicast group on a first virtual network. The controller server generates a first multicast tree and communicates a first network configuration message to at least one packet forwarding system of the first plurality of packet forwarding systems. The first network configuration message includes a packet flow table entry enabling configuration of a flow table to enable communication of multicast traffic for the first multicast group over a portion of the first multicast tree.
Implementing push-to-talk in a multimedia conferencing system
Systems and methods of providing push-to-talk communication techniques in a multimedia conferencing session are provided. For instance, a push-to-talk mode can be implemented in a conferencing session associated with a conferencing system comprising a plurality of endpoints. At least one of the endpoints can be a full duplex endpoint. A request for transmission capabilities can be received from a first endpoint. Transmission capabilities can be granted to the first endpoint based at least in part on one or more floor control parameters associated with the conferencing session. Subsequent to granting transmission capabilities to the first endpoint, audio data can be provided from the first endpoint to at least one endpoint of the plurality of endpoints in the conferencing session.
Servicing group-based communication workspace add requests within a group-based communication system
Embodiments of the present disclosure provide methods, systems, apparatuses, and computer program products for servicing a group-based communication workspace add request within a group-based communication system.
Dividing events into sessions during adaptive trust profile operations
A system, method, and computer-readable medium are disclosed for generating an adaptive trust profile via an adaptive trust profile operation. In various embodiments the adaptive trust profile operation includes: monitoring a plurality of electronically-observable actions of an entity, the plurality of electronically-observable actions of the entity corresponding to a respective plurality of events enacted by the entity; converting the plurality of electronically-observable actions of the entity to electronic information representing the plurality of actions of the entity; and generating the adaptive trust profile based upon the plurality of actions of the entity, the adaptive trust profile being generated by an adaptive trust profile system.
Cybersecurity threat detection and mitigation system
Apparatus and methods are provided for graphically defining a real-world cybersecurity protocol of an entity. The graphical platform includes searchable, manipulatable, graphs mapping cybersecurity threats. Manipulating nodes and relationships within the graphs translates into real-time modification of a cybersecurity protocol in effect for the entity. An ability to map known cybersecurity threats and analyze them (even according to known frameworks) may streamline and integrate efforts of cybersecurity defense teams. Graphical representation of a security protocol facilitates proactive threat hunting as well as expediting incident response activities by providing evidence-based pathways to inform impact analysis and source event analysis.
System and method for detecting a compromised computing system
A digital security threat management system is disclosed. The system detects the presence of a computing system, on a network, that has been compromised by an undetected and/or unknown digital security threat. The digital security threat management system recognizes characteristic emanations from a computer system that has been compromised. Because the characteristic emanations that result from a known threat can be the same as the characteristic emanations that result from an undetected and/or unknown threat, the digital security threat management system can learn to detect a computing system that has been compromised by an unknown threat if the security threat management system recognizes characteristic emanations from a previous attack, based on a known threat, of the computing system. In this way, the system can detect the presence of a compromised computing system, even if the cause of the compromise remains undetected and/or unknown. Appropriate remedial action may be taken upon detection.
Systems and methods for dynamic network security control and configuration
A computer-implemented method according to one embodiment of the present disclosure includes identifying, by a computer system, an asset associated with a group; detecting a change in an attribute of the asset; and in response to detecting the change in the attribute of the asset, modifying, by the computer system, a configuration setting for a firewall. Among other things, the embodiments of the present disclosure can perform dynamically configure and control security features in response to changes in the computing environment, including asset attribute changes, security events, operational events, user input and environmental changes. Embodiments of the present disclosure thereby help to quickly maintain or change the security posture of a system and maintain the level of compliance with set of predefined security benchmarks or codified best practices.
Methods and systems for evaluating effects of cyber-attacks on cyber-physical systems
Described are systems and methods for evaluating cyber effects in a cyber-physical system (CPS). In some embodiments, a simulation model of the CPS is built and includes an attacked component set and an evaluated component set. A control component is inserted into the simulation model. One or more direct connections between the attacked component set and the evaluated component set are disconnected. One or more indirect connections are identified and then disconnected from the simulation model with disconnected direct connections. The one or more direct connections and indirect connections are routed through the control component. A cyber-attack on the attacked component set can be simulated by configuring the control component to control outputs transmitted via a routed connection, the routed connection being one of the routed direct or indirect connections. The simulated components of the simulation model can be progressively and iteratively replaced by corresponding components from the CPS.
Multi-dimensional heuristic search as part of an integrated decision engine for evolving defenses
A decision engine includes: a genetic algorithm framework including a knowledge base of standard configurations, a candidate selector generator and a selector to select a candidate configuration from a plurality of preferred standard configurations in response to the candidate selector generator; a parallelized reasoning framework including an attack surface reasoning algorithm module to compute the security and cost tradeoffs of an attack surface associated with each candidate configuration; and a user interface framework including a web service engine where users can interact and provide feedback on direction of an evolution used in a genetic algorithm search for evolving defenses.
Network resource implementation prioritization
Techniques for providing dynamic resource implementation prioritization for a network are provided. In one embodiment, a method includes determining a user of a selected device and assigning a user value based on the user's identity. The method includes determining related devices on the network by evaluating user behavior information to identify devices in the network that are in communication with the selected device. The method includes calculating a composite device value based on a value of the selected device, the user value, and values of the related devices. The method includes determining a probability factor for potential security vulnerabilities affecting the selected device and calculating a risk score based on the composite device value and the probability factor. Security measures may be implemented based on a comparison of the calculated risk score for the selected device with a plurality of risk scores for other devices in the network.
Simulation and visualization of malware spread in a cloud-based collaboration environment
The technology disclosed simulates and analyzes spread of malware through an organization as a result of sharing files using cloud-based services. This analysis is based on actual user and file sharing characteristics collected on a user-by-user and file-by-file basis. The technology disclosed traces connections among the users by traversing a directed graph constructed from the user-by-user data and the file-by-file data. It then simulates the spread of malware, from an entry point user zero through the organization, via the cloud-based services, using the directed graph to simulate user exposure to, infection by, and transmission of the malware within the organization. It then produces a visualization of the spread from the entry point user zero, to users within a user partition to which the user zero belongs, at varying transmission distances from the user zero.
Tracking host threats in a network and enforcing threat policy actions for the host threats
A device receives network segment information identifying network segments associated with a network, and receives endpoint host session information identifying sessions associated with endpoint hosts communicating with the network. The device generates, based on the network segment information and the endpoint host session information, a data structure that includes information associating the network segments with the sessions associated with the endpoint hosts. The device updates the data structure based on changes in the sessions associated with the endpoint hosts and based on changes in locations of the endpoint hosts within the network segments, and identifies, based on the data structure, a particular endpoint host, of the endpoint hosts, that changed locations within the network segments. The device determines a threat policy action to enforce for the particular endpoint host, and causes the threat policy action to be enforced, by the network, for the particular endpoint host.
System, device, and method of adaptive network protection for managed internet-of-things services
System, device, and method of adaptive network protection for managed Internet-of-Things (IoT) services. A network traffic monitoring unit monitors data traffic, operations-and-management traffic, and control messages, that relate to cellular communication between an IoT device and a core cellular network. An IoT grouping unit groups multiple IoT devices into a particular IoT group. A baseline behavior determination unit determines a Regular Baseline Cellular Communication Behavior (RBCCB) profile that characterizes the cellular communications that are outgoing from and incoming to each member of the particular IoT group. An outlier detector subsequently detects that a particular IoT device of that particular IoT group, exhibits cellular traffic characteristics that are abnormal relative to the RBCCB profile that was characterized for that particular IoT group. An enforcement actions generator is triggered to selectively perform one or more enforcement operations, notification operations, and quarantine operations.
Techniques for detecting domain threats
An inventory of Internet-facing assets related to a target domain is generated using network data gathered from network data sources. Using data sources of known threats, such as malware, phishing attempts, scam pages, blacklisted sites, and so on, a network analytic system generates analytical information about domains, sub-domains, and components that are owned, managed, and/or controlled by a target entity. A measure of domain identity threat is generated based on a classification model using the analytical information.
Playbook based data collection to identify cyber security threats
A comprehensive security operation platform with artificial intelligence capabilities which may collaborate and/or automate tasks, including complex and/or redundant security tasks. An automated system may assist security analysts and security operations center managers in discovering security incidents. A comprehensive security operations platform may combine intelligent automation scale and collaborative human social learning, wisdom and experience. An automated system may empower security analysts to resolve incidents faster and reduce redundancy through collaboration with peers in virtual war rooms. An automated system may automate security analyst work by executing tasks from the war room or by following playbooks defined by the security analysts.
Incident response techniques
Providing are incident response techniques useful for personas with a variety of experience levels are described. The incident response techniques include a graphical user interface (GUI) for providing a variety of different views for different personas. The graphical user interface may provide a landing page for providing a queue of risk-score prioritized incidents, an incident playbook for providing default or customizable instructions for resolving a particular incident to lesser-experienced personas, an explore container for facilitating efficient navigation of data associated with a particular incident by more-experienced personas, and an activity stream container for providing an overview of activities that have been performed with regard to a particular incident to more-experienced or supervising personas. The explore container may also be integrated with tools for performing actions with the data without leaving the graphical user interface.
State grouping methodologies to compress transitions in a deterministic automata
A hardware system for signature matching in a distributed network is disclosed. The hardware system comprises a network processor and a memory. The network processor is configured to perform horizontal compression on a state table using bitmaps, wherein the state table has a plurality of states and state transitions. The processor is also configured to perform a first grouping of states of the state table using the bitmaps to generate a first one or more sets of states, perform a second grouping of states of the state table based on the first one or more sets of states and a transition threshold to generate a second one or more sets of states, perform a conquer step grouping of the states of the state table based on the second one or more sets of states and conquer criteria to generate third one or more sets of states, and generate a two dimensioned compressed state table based on the third one or more sets of states. The memory circuit is configured to store the two dimensioned compressed state table.
Polymorphic network interface
An address for a protected resource of a device is randomized at configurable intervals of time as a randomized address. The randomized address is pushed to the Operation System (OS) for mapping the randomized address to an OS identifier for the protected resource. Other devices of a network produce a same randomized address for the protected resource based on a time-based synchronization.
Real-time authorization of initiated data exchanges based on dynamically generated tokenized data
The disclosed exemplary embodiments include computer-implemented systems, apparatuses, and processes that, among other things, authorize initiated exchanges of data in real-time based on dynamically generated tokenized data. For example, an apparatus may receive first positional data identifying a first geographic position of a client device and based on the first positional data, the apparatus may determine a value of a parameter characterizing an exchange of data between the client device and a terminal device disposed proximate to the client device during a temporal interval. The apparatus may transmit data requesting a pre-authorization of the data exchange to a computing system, which perform operations that pre-authorize the data exchange in accordance with the parameter value and transmit a digital token representative of the pre-authorized data exchange to the terminal device. The digital token may be valid during the temporal interval and may include a cryptogram associated with the client device.
Method and system related to authentication of users for accessing data networks
A system and method for authenticating a user that requests access to services of a computer network, including using a unique communication address for authentication and identification. One of the methods includes globally assigning unique communication addresses to users and devices, the devices being uniquely associated with respective users. Unique communication addresses associate with the users are used for authenticating and identifying the users. A login function is used through the devices, the devices each being mapped to a unique communication address using a hardware identity configured for sending and receiving information over a network.
Linking a forwarded contact on a resource to a user interaction on a requesting source item
Methods, systems, and apparatus include computer programs encoded on a computer-readable storage medium, including a method for providing content. An initial request for a resource is received. A determination is made when fixed or recyclable contact information should be provided with the resource, wherein the contact information is associated with a content sponsor that sponsored the resource. When recyclable contact information should be provided, first recyclable contact information for the content sponsor and time-out information are identified. The first recyclable contact information and the time-out information are combined in an identifier. The identifier is stored on the requesting device and the resource is provided including the first recyclable contact information responsive to the initial request.
Systems, methods, and related technologies for device identification are described. In certain aspects, packet data associated with a device can be analyzed and a score determined. The score and the threshold can be compared to determine a device identification for the device.
Method of managing shared files and device for authenticating subscriber by using same
A method of managing a file of a subscriber authenticating module embedded in a terminal device and a module for authenticating a subscriber by using the method. The method of managing the file includes configuring a file structure for one or more profiles and managing one or more files included in the file structure in response to a request. Thus, the method is efficient for a multiple-profile environment.
Apparatus for use in a can system
A CAN device is provided with an encryption function and a decryption function. The encryption function allows messages to be encrypted and put onto a CAN bus. The decryption function allows the messages on the CAN bus to be decrypted. The encryption and decryption functions share keys which change over the course of time.
Message-based database replication
A networked device communication system can configure network devices (e.g., a primary and secondary database) to send and receive sequences of messages, such as replicated data, using one or more keypairs and wrapping keys. The sequences of messages can include an initial set of messages that are encrypted by a wrapping key, and further include another set of messages that are encrypted by a replaced staggered key. The sequence of messages can be configured to be decrypted without exporting keys of hardware security modules.
System and method for decoding traffic over proxy servers
Methods and systems for applying surveillance to client computers that communicate via proxy servers. A decoding system accepts communication packets from a communication network. Based on the received packets, the decoding system identifies that a certain client computer conducts a communication session with a target server via a proxy server. The decoding system processes the packets so as to correlate the identity of the client computer with the identity of the target server. The correlated identities may comprise, for example, Internet Protocol (IP) addresses or Uniform Resource Locators (URLs).
Intelligent graphical user interface
In one embodiment, a method, system, and apparatus is described for providing a graphical user interface (GUI) for a network security system. Data is stored for use by a hardware processor in a memory. The hardware processor executes a graphics engine. A GUI is output by the graphics engine, the GUI including a first portion of the GUI comprising a user entry field for receiving a user input for configuring behavior of a network security system, a second portion of the GUI, for displaying a translation of the user input in a tabular form, and a third portion of the GUI, for displaying a translation of the user input in a graphical form. Related methods, systems, and apparatus are also described.
Highly available DHCP service by running DHCP servers on a blockchain network
Example embodiments in the disclosure relate to providing a highly available DHCP service using a plurality of DHCP servers running on a blockchain network. The highly available DHCP service may be provided by running a blockchain network of DHCP servers that: i) share a common pool of IP addresses that are assigned to client devices; and ii) maintain a copy of a blockchain containing a record of communications between servers and clients relating to allocation of IP addresses to clients from the common IP address pool.
Information centric approach in achieving anycast in machine type communications
The disclosure relates to technology for machine type communication (MTC) in an information centric network. A record is stored that identifies multiple MTC devices having one or more of the same functions. The multiple MTC devices form a group with a unique name. The group of MTC devices is managed to add one or more other connected MTC devices to the information centric network, where the one or more other connected MTC devices have one or more of the same functions as the MTC devices already included in the group. A message is then published in the information centric network, where the message includes a unique name of the group of MTC devices and an address of a next hop towards the group of MTC devices.
System and method of using a global discovery service to enable routing of packets from a source container to a destination container
Systems, methods, and computer-readable storage media are provided to populate databases with routing data for containers to eliminate the need for continuously accessing a global discovery service. An example method includes initiating, from a source container operating on a first machine in a first rack, a communication with a destination container operating on a second machine on a second rack, wherein a local database on the first machine does not know an address of the destination container. The method includes accessing a global discovery service to provide the address of the destination container, populating the local database on the first machine with the address of the destination container and routing a packet from the source container to the destination container according to the address of the destination container.
Resolution of domain name requests in heterogeneous network environments
Systems and methods are for domain name system (DNS) resolutions in heterogeneous network environments including a virtual private cloud (VPC). An administrator of a virtual private cloud (VPC) specifies rules identifying sources for resolving DNS resolution requests. The rules may include routing a request to a source outside the VPC such as to an on-premises DNS resolver through an outbound IP endpoint.
Address resolution system
An address resolution system a host device, a first networking device, and a second networking device that is coupled to the host device and the first networking device. The second networking device is configured to send a first address resolution communication to the first networking device. The second networking device may then receive a second address resolution communication from the first networking device in response to the first address resolution communication. The second address resolution communication includes networking device identification data that identifies the first networking device as having a networking type. The second networking device may then allocate, in an address resolution database in response to the networking device identification data identifying the first networking device as having the networking type, a first address resolution entry for the first networking device that includes an egress object.
Merged message storage data structure
A data processing system, including non-volatile memory storing a plurality of messages included in a group discussion among a plurality of users. The non-volatile memory may further store metadata including an ordering of the messages. The data processing system may further include a processor configured to, for a first message storage data structure and a second message storage data structure, each associated with a first user of the plurality of users, determine that the one or more messages of the first message storage data structure and the second message storage data structure are contiguous in the ordering. The processor may generate a merged message storage data structure including each message included in the first message storage data structure and the second message storage data structure. The processor may generate a receipt based on the merged message storage data structure and transmit the receipt to a second user.
Computerized system and method for modifying a message to apply security features to the message's content
Disclosed are systems and methods for improving interactions with and between computers in content providing, generating and/or hosting systems supported by or configured with personal computing devices, servers and/or platforms. The systems interact to identify and retrieve data within or across platforms, which can be used to improve the security and quality of data used in processing interactions between or among processors in such systems. The disclosed systems and methods provide added security features and functionality to messaging platforms. Message content within communicated or to be communicated messages can be subject to such security functionality through the identification of selected message portions having an identifier applied therewith that not only hides the selected message portions from being viewed within a message interface, but also modifies the message thereby rendering the selected message portion as unreadable and/or inaccessible by a user or computing device without the required security credentials.
Inline message composing with visible list view
A compose form for drafting a message is presented inline within a window along with a message list. For example, instead of overlaying the message application's user interface (UI) with a new window for composing a message, the compose form is displayed within a portion of the window reserved for viewing content of messages. While composing the message using the compose form, the rest of the message application's UI remains visible and accessible to the user. For example, the user may navigate to another folder and/or move to another message/conversation by interacting with the tree view/message list view. A draft of the message being composed may be automatically saved when the user navigates away from the compose form (e.g. by selecting another conversation in the list view).
Technology for managing previously-transmitted electronic communications
Systems and methods for managing and storing electronic communications are disclosed. According to certain aspects, the systems and methods may receive a request to classify a previously-sent electronic communication with a certain designation. The systems and methods may transmit a notification to the participants of the electronic communication, where the notification indicates the classification of the electronic communication. The systems and methods may store the electronic communication appropriately for later analysis and retrieval.
Media item attachment system
Disclosed are media attachment systems to enable a user to embed a first media item with a link to a second media item, and distribute the first media item in a message to one or more recipient client devices. For example, the first media item may include a picture or video captured by a user at a client device. The user may generate a message that includes the first media item. In response, a media attachment system may cause display of an interface at the client device that includes an option to attach an address to a second media item to the message. For example, the second media item may include a web page, social media post, picture, or video identified by an address such as a Uniform Resource Locator (URL).
Method and apparatus for generating descriptive texts corresponding to chat message images via a condition probability model
A chat message processing method is provided for a server. The method includes receiving a chat message sent by a sending terminal, where the chat message carries information about a receiving terminal, and forwarding the chat message to the receiving terminal. The method also includes, when determining that the chat message comprises an image, generating at least one group of descriptive texts used for describing the image; and sending the at least one group of descriptive texts of the image to the receiving terminal to cause the receiving terminal to, when displaying the image, simultaneously display the at least one group of descriptive texts as at least one candidate entering-item associated with the image.
System, method, and computer program product providing end-to-end security of centrally accessible group membership information
A system, method, and computer program product are provided for end-to-end security of centrally accessible group membership information. In use, membership information defining a user group in a messaging system is accessed from a central server, where the membership information includes (1) at least one change to members of the user group, and (2) for each change of the at least one change, a digital signature of a user that made the change. Additionally, a verification process on the membership information is performed, including: for each change of the at least one change, verifying the digital signature of the user that made the change. Further, members of the user group are determined, as a result of the verification process, and at least one action is performed in association with the members of the user group.
Capacity-based scaling of queue-based services
Capacity-based scaling of queue-based resources is described. Initially, a scaling system measures capacity of service processors that are instantiated at a cloud computing service system to provide a service on behalf of a service provider, and also measures a load on these processors. In contrast to conventional scaling systems—which base scalings on a number of queued messages which the instantiated service processors process to provide the service—the scaling system measures the load in terms of not only the number of messages held in a queue but also an input rate of the messages to the queue. The described scaling system then determines whether and by how much to scale the instantiated processors based on this number of messages and input rate. Given this, the scaling system instructs the cloud computing service system how to scale the instantiated service processors to provide the service.
Token-based device access restrictions based on system uptime
Systems and methods are described herein for token-based access to an intelligent electronic device (IED) resource in a power delivery system. A token server and an IED resource may be communicatively connected via a communication network. The token server may generate a token associated with access privileges to one or more IED resources. The token server associates an access duration time with the generated token. The user presents the IED resource with the token as part of an access attempt. The IED resource grants access at a first time defined with reference to the device uptime of the IED resource until a second time defined with reference to the device up time. The difference between the first time and the second time corresponds to the access duration time of the token.
Method for service implementation in network function virtualization (NFV) system and communications unit
Embodiments provide a method, which can implement establishment of an network function virtualization (NFV) network service chain. The method includes obtaining, by a first communications unit, a service chain rule, where the service chain rule is used to indicate service processing that needs to be performed. The method also includes obtaining, according to the service chain rule, information about a service chain through which a service route passes, where the information about the service chain is used to indicate information about a virtualized network function (VNF) through which the service route passes, and the VNF is configured for the service processing; and sending a route and resource configuration request message, where the route and resource configuration request message carries the information about the service chain, to request to perform, according to the information about the service chain, route and resource configuration for the VNF included in the service chain.
Managing processor load in a multi-tenant environment
Approaches are described for managing workload, or other tasks in a data center, shared resource environment or other such electronic environment. In particular, a customer (or other end user, etc.) is able to use a computing device to submit a request to process information across at least one appropriate network to be received by a provider environment. The provider environment includes a set of resources (e.g., computing devices) operable to process the information for any of a variety of different purposes. Code can be deployed and executed at one or more of the host machines, wherein when executed, can enable the host machines to perform operations to process a workload in a distributed self-organizing manner, without a master server or other management device, to distribute work, handle situations where host machines go offline, etc.
Method for prioritizing network packets at high bandwidth speeds
The embodiments are directed to methods and appliances for scheduling a packet transmission. The methods and appliances can assign received data packets or a representation of data packets to one or more connection nodes of a classification tree having a link node and first and second intermediary nodes associated with the link node via one or more semi-sorted queues, wherein the one or more connection nodes correspond with the first intermediary node. The methods and appliances can process the one or more connection nodes using a credit-based round robin queue. The methods and appliances can authorize the sending of the received data packets based on the processing.
Congestion control method, apparatus, and system
Embodiments of the present disclosure provide a congestion control method, an apparatus, and a system. The method includes receiving, by a first device, an acknowledgement packet that is from a second device and that includes an ECE identifier. Based on an indication of the ECE identifier the first device starts monitoring a plurality of sub streams on a plurality of transmission paths between the first device and the second device, and grouping, into one set, sub streams that meet a congestion control condition. Additionally, intra-set congestion control is performed on the sub streams in the set. Separately congestion control is performed on a sub stream that is not in the set. The congestion control method is applied to a scenario in which data transmission is performed between the first device and the second device by using the MPTCP.
Method for managing packets for V2X communication and apparatus therefor
A method for discarding at least one packet by a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system is disclosed. The method includes steps of storing the at least one packet received from an upper layer in a buffer; determining whether or not a number of packets in the buffer is equal to or greater than a threshold value; and discarding the at least one packet from the buffer when the number of packets in the buffer is equal to or greater than the threshold value.
Packet telemetry data via first hop node configuration
Techniques for monitoring packet telemetry are provided. A policy is received at a first node from a controller, where the policy includes an indication of a first flow. A first packet belonging to the first flow is received at the first node. A second node in a network path for the first packet is determined. A first header is added to the first packet based on the policy, wherein the first header includes an indication of the controller. The first packet is transmitted to the second node. Finally, telemetry data associated with the first node is transmitted to the controller based on the policy.
Repurposing a target endpoint to execute a management task
Repurposing a target endpoint to execute a management task, including: identifying an amount of computing resources required to execute a management task that controls one or more operational aspects of a target endpoint; identifying an amount of computing resources required to repurpose the target endpoint such that the target endpoint can participate in the execution of the management task; determining, in dependence upon the amount of computing resources required to execute the management task and the amount of computing resources required to repurpose the target endpoint, whether to repurpose the target endpoint; and responsive to determining to repurpose the target endpoint, initiating execution of a portion of the management task on the target endpoint.
Systems and methods for frame lookup and forwarding in a network
A network device includes a plurality of ports, a lookup circuit, and a traffic control circuit. The lookup circuit is configured to provide a first action for a first frame to be forwarded using a first forwarding path between a first set of two ports of the plurality of ports. The lookup circuit is further configured to and provide a second action for a second frame to be forwarded using a second forwarding path between a second set of two ports of the plurality of ports. The traffic control circuit configured to forward the first frame based on the first action and forward the second frame based on the second action.
Selective media access control (MAC) learning and purging to reduce flooding and replication in a network
A network device may select a candidate entry to remove from a media access control (MAC) table maintained at the network device based on determining that the MAC table is exhausted. The candidate entry may include an identifier for a first virtual local area network (VLAN) associated with the candidate entry. The network device may receive a packet from a source node having a MAC address that does not appear in the MAC table, where the packet may include an identifier for a second VLAN in which the source node is a member. The network device may replace the candidate entry in the MAC table with a new entry corresponding to the source node based on determining that the second VLAN is associated with a greater number of ports than the first VLAN.
Virtual burn rack monitor
A virtual burn rack monitor accesses messages posted to a cloud-based service. Each message provides any informational content sent from a device. The virtual burn rack monitor downloads the message and determines a manufacturing environment for the device. For example, the virtual burn rack monitor uses a hardware identifier of the device to a customer's configuration service. Once the customer is determined, the cloud-based service sends the message to the manufacturing environment assigned to, or associated with, the customer. The message may, as another example, be forwarded or sent to a burn rack operating within a manufacturing facility that is assigned to that customer. The message may thus be displayed to technicians and other personnel on the manufacturing floor. So, even though the device is remotely located from the manufacturing facility, the device may update the technicians as to its status and operating conditions.
Flow policies for virtual networks in provider network environments
A flow policy service that allows clients to define policies for packet flows to, from, and within their virtual networks on a provider network. Via the service, a client may define rules that specify appliances that inbound, outbound, and/or internal virtual network traffic should flow through. The rules may, for example, be attached to the virtual network, to subnets within the virtual network, and/or to resource instances within the virtual network. The rules may be specified in a descriptive, domain-specific language. The service determines how and where on the provider network to implement the rules in order to apply the specified policy. Thus, the actual implementation of the policy may be hidden from the client. The service may generate flow reports that may be used to confirm that traffic to, from, or within a virtual network is flowing through the correct network appliances according to the policy.
Provisioning recovery paths in a mesh network
A system and method for of pre-provisioning recovery paths in a mesh network including creating i) a working path between a head end NE and a tail end NE of the mesh network and ii) a recovery path between the head end NE and the tail end NE, wherein the working path and the recovery path include one or more intermediate NEs; provisioning the working path in an activated state, including establishing cross connects of each of the NEs of the working path; provisioning the recovery path in a pending state, including establishing cross connects of each of the NEs of the recovery path; after provisioning the recovery path, detecting a failure along the working path, and in response, allocating and reserving link resources along the recovery path; and activating, by the NEs along the recovery path, cross connects of the recovery path into respective hardware associated with the NEs.
Telecommunications network traffic metrics evaluation and prediction
A method for evaluating and predicting telecommunications network traffic includes receiving site data for multiple geographic areas via a processor. The processor also receives weather data, event data, and population demographic data for the geographic areas. The processor also generates predicted occupancy data for each of the geographic areas and for multiple time intervals. The processor also determines a predicted telecommunications network metric for each of the geographic areas and for each of the time intervals, based on the predicted occupancy data.
System, management apparatus, method, and storage medium
A management apparatus transmits information of a manager control task to each agent service, manages an execution result of processing executed in each network device, which is a processing target, for each of the sub-tasks generated at each agent service based on the manager control task, and transmits a response indicating whether execution of a sub-task is permitted based on an inquiry from each agent service to control the number of sub-tasks executed in parallel in the same time slot.
Automatic web page load detection
In one aspect, a system for automatic detection of webpage loading at a web browser of a client device in a monitored environment is disclosed. The system includes: a processor; a memory; and one or more modules stored in the memory and executable by a processor to perform operations. The operations include: detect start of loading of a webpage at the web browser of the client device in the monitored environment; set a dynamic watchdog repeating timer at a value; start the timer; recursively check for completion of the loading of the webpage; when determined that the loading of the webpage has completed, determine whether a Java script engine of the web browser loading the webpage is idle; and when determined that the Java script engine of the web browser loading the webpage is idle, stop the timer and generate a report of the webpage.
Performing services on data messages associated with endpoint machines
Some embodiments of the invention provide a method for performing services on an endpoint machine in a datacenter. On the endpoint machine, the method installs a guest introspection (GI) agent and a service engine. In some embodiments, the GI agent and the service engine are part of one monitor agent that is installed on the endpoint machine. The method then registers with a set of one or more notification services on the endpoint machine, the GI agent to receive notifications regarding new data message flow events on the endpoint machine. Through the notifications, the GI agent captures contextual data items regarding new data message flows, and stores the captured contextual data items. The service engine then performs a service for the data message flow based on the captured contextual data.
NF service consumer restart detection using direct signaling between NFs
Systems and methods for detecting, that a Network Function (NF) service consumer in a core network of a cellular communications system has restarted are disclosed. A method of operation of a NF service consumer in a core network of a cellular communications system comprises sending, to a NF service producer, a message comprising information related to a unit of the NF service consumer.
Collector mechanisms in a content delivery network
A computer-implemented method operable in a content delivery service (CDN), includes, by a collector system: (A) receiving at least one event stream of event data, said event data relating to operation of at least one type of CDN service, each event of said at least one event stream comprising: (i) a timestamp for said event, (ii) information relating to said event; and producing state data relating to information represented in said event data while being able to asynchronously respond to queries relating to said state data.
Universal console chassis for the car
Methods and systems for a complete vehicle ecosystem are provided. Specifically, systems that when taken alone, or together, provide an individual or group of individuals with an intuitive and comfortable vehicular environment. The present disclosure includes a universal chassis that may be mounted in the head unit of a vehicle. The chassis may accept one or more modules that each have common dimensions. With a common form factor, the universal chassis is configurable as different modules with different functionality may be inserted into the chassis with ease.
Implementing a single-addressable virtual topology element in a virtual topology
Techniques for implementing a single-addressable virtual topology element (VTE) in a virtual topology. A VTE in a virtual topology may be distributed as multiple instantiated elements in a physical topology. However, the multiple instantiated elements are addressable as a single entity. Obtaining information associated with the VTE includes obtaining and aggregating information from each of the instantiated elements. Applying an overall configuration to the VTE includes determining a respective configuration for each instantiated element based on the overall configuration, and applying the respective configuration to each instantiated element.
System and method for management of distributed systems
An architecture analyzer for managing a distributed system includes persistent storage and an entity identifier. The persistent storage stores a profile repository. The entity identifier obtains entity characteristics associated with an entity. The entity identifier performs an entity analysis of the entity characteristics using the profile repository to predict at least one candidate device type for the entity. The entity identifier remediates the entity based on the at least one candidate device type for the entity.
Communication network determination apparatus, communication network determination method, and recording medium having communication network determination program recorded therein
Provided is a communication network determination apparatus, etc. capable of correctly specifying a communication network which can be monitored by a monitoring device even when necessary and sufficient configuration information about the configuration of the communication network cannot be obtained. A communication network determination apparatus calculates a number of types of communication identifier associated with an apparatus identifier of a second information apparatus in monitoring information where a communication identifier allocated to a first information apparatus in a second communication network and an apparatus identifier of a second information apparatus that relays a communication in a first communication network, the monitoring information generated based on communication network via the first communication network; and determines that the first communication network is the same as the second communication network when the calculated number of types is one and determines that the first communication network is different from the second communication network, otherwise.
Generation of network configuration and configuration commands for impacted nodes of a software defined wide area network
A system and method for a self-adapting SDWAN to ensure compliance with client requirements. A SDWAN performance analyzer continuously monitors all of the nodes within an SDWAN, receiving a plurality of operational data regarding operational parameters of each node. Based on the operational data, a machine learning algorithm is applied to develop a tree-structure representative of a desired network configuration, based on the real-time state of the network, to ensure compliance with client requirements. The SDWAN performance analyzer can generate configuration commands to send to one or more of the nodes in the SDWAN to reconfigure the operational parameters of the nodes in line with the desired network configuration.
High availability for stateful services in public cloud logical networks
Some embodiments provide a method for a network controller that manages a logical network spanning multiple physical locations. For each physical location hosting data compute nodes (DCNs) belonging to the logical network, the method defines a centralized routing component for processing data messages between the DCNs hosted at the physical location and networks external to the logical network, assigns an active instance of the centralized routing component to operate at the physical location, and assigns a standby instance of the centralized routing component to operate at one of the other physical locations.
Network validation between the logical level and the hardware level of a network
Disclosed are systems, methods, and computer-readable media for assuring tenant forwarding in a network environment. Network assurance can be determined in layer 1, layer 2 and layer 3 of the networked environment including, internal-internal (e.g., inter-fabric) forwarding and internal-external (e.g., outside the fabric) forwarding in the networked environment. The network assurance can be performed using logical configurations, software configurations and/or hardware configurations.
Network configuration apparatus
A network configuration apparatus includes a user interface module configured to receive a traffic request from a user. The traffic request includes a source and a destination for desired traffic. A barrier identification module obtains network data indicating a set of networking devices present in a route between the source and the destination. For each of the devices, the barrier identification module determines whether the device may block traffic from reaching the destination and, if so, adds the device to a set of potential barriers. A route analysis module, for each device of the potential barriers, flags the device if it will block the desired traffic. The user interface module, in response to there being at least one flagged device, transmits an alert that the traffic request is a failure; and, in response to there being zero flagged devices, transmits an alert that the traffic request is a success.
Single user device staging
Disclosed are various examples for staging client devices. A computing device assigns a first policy to a client device. The computing device later authenticates a user account based at least in part on receipt of a user authentication message from the client device. The computing device then selects a second policy to assign to the client device based at least in part on authentication of the user account. The computing device then assigns the second policy to the client device.
Technical procedure knowledge sharing system for service issue investigation
A technical procedure knowledge sharing system is provided for service issue investigations. An exemplary apparatus comprises a processing platform including: a technical procedure specification graphical user interface for obtaining, from an investigator, a specification of a technical procedure comprising predefined log set filtering criteria and predefined feature extraction criteria for extracting predefined features from service issue investigation log set representations that satisfy the predefined log set filtering criteria; a processing device configured to apply the technical procedure to service issue investigation log set representations to identify the service issue investigation log set representations that satisfy the predefined log set filtering criteria; and extract the predefined features from the service issue investigation log set representations that satisfy the predefined log set filtering criteria; a technical procedure knowledge base for storing the technical procedure for use by additional investigators; and a visualization module for presenting information characterizing the extracted predefined features.
Network management systems and methods
In a network management system communicatively coupled to a plurality of domains, each domain has a plurality of resources including physical resources and/or virtual resources executed on corresponding computing devices, each domain provides a plurality of services including one or more of computing services, storage services, network services, and combinations thereof via the plurality of resources, systems and methods include identifying a collection of the plurality of resources and/or the plurality of services as a fusion object; managing the fusion object via a set of Application Program Interfaces (APIs) to perform management of the collection as a single manageable entity; and updating the fusion object based on one or more of network topology changes in the plurality of domains, resource changes in the plurality of domains, and service changes in the plurality of domains.
Utilizing demonstration data based on dynamically determining feature availability
Described are methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer program product for selectively utilizing demonstration data based on dynamically determining feature availability on computer systems. A first request is received from a client device for computer system feature data related to a computer system feature. A second request is sent to a computer system to invoke by the computer system the computer system feature. Response computer system feature data including feature status information is received. The computer system feature data is formed based on the response computer system feature data, if the feature status information indicates that the computer system feature is available on the computer system. The computer system feature data is formed based on demonstration data, if the feature status information indicates that the computer system feature is not available on the computer system. The computer system feature data is sent to the client device.
Systems and methods for digital correction in low intermediate frequency (IF) receivers
The embodiments described herein provide systems and methods for digital correction in low intermediate frequency (IF) receivers. Specifically, the embodiments described herein use digital correction techniques that can correct for signal distortions in low IF receivers caused by I-Q imbalance, including both I-Q magnitude imbalance and I-Q phase imbalance. In general, the embodiments described herein are implemented to at least partially cancel an image of a blocking signal in the complex digital signal. Such a cancellation can be implemented to at least partially cancel an image of blocking signal where that image occurs at or near the intermediate frequency. In one embodiment, a corrector is implemented in a low RF receiver and is configured to receive a complex digital signal that includes an image of a blocking signal. Such a low RF receiver can further include a trainer configured to train the corrector to generate the cancellation signal.
Method and apparatus for determining data of ASK signal, and wireless power transmitter using the same
A method and apparatus for determining an amplitude-shift keying (ASK) signal, and a wireless power transmitter using the same is provided. The method of determining data of the ASK signal includes receiving a demodulated signal of a received ASK signal, measuring a pulse time during which a pulse configuring the demodulated signal is held, storing the measured pulse time, and determining information on a current pulse based on a pulse time of the current pulse of the demodulated signal and a holding time of an immediately preceding pulse.
Multirate data for S-parameter extraction
An apparatus configured to acquire S-parameters of a communications channel includes a physical interface configured to transmit and receive signals through a communications channel under test, a processor, configured to execute instructions that, when executed cause the processor to: send a first data pattern from the transmitter through the communications channel at a first data rate; acquire a first waveform corresponding to the first data pattern and determine a first pulse response; calculate a first transfer function from the first pulse response; send a second data pattern from the transmitter through the communications channel at a second data rate; acquire a second waveform corresponding to the second data pattern and determine a second pulse response; calculate a second transfer function from the second pulse response; and combine the first and second transfer functions to determine an S-parameter of the communications channel.
Optical domain equalization for coherent optical receivers
An optical coherent receiver includes an optical hybrid (OH) configured to mix signal and reference light, and two back-end optical ports. An optical equalizing network interconnects two 180° OH output ports with the two back-end optical ports so that each back-end optical port receives light from each of the two OH output ports. Optical signals from each of the two back-end optical ports are converted to electrical signals that are fed to a differential amplifier. Adjusting coupling ratios and/or optical delays in the optical equalizing network reduces an OSNR penalty of a lower-bandwidth differential amplifier.
Battery-assisted power-over-ethernet powered device
In various example embodiments, a battery-assisted PoE powered device is provided that includes a local battery pack for providing a burst of power to a device load in excess of the continuous power available via PoE. A charger/path controller charges the local battery pack during periods of time when the device load consumes less power than available via PoE (e.g., consumes less than the 71W of guaranteed continuous power under IEEE 802.3bt). During periods of time when the device load demands more power than available via PoE (e.g., when peak power is demanded by an audio speaker, when inrush occurs in a motor, or for various types of intermittent devices when they are activated) the charger/path controller discharges the battery pack, to drive the device load with a combination of PoE and battery power.
System and method for dynamic network function virtualization processing
A system leveraging the authentication control plane of a communications network to influence the associated Network Service header (NSH) values on a per subscriber packet basis; thus presenting a subscriber aware service chain header on which influences the processing of virtualized network function (VNF). This system implements vendor specific attributes (VSA) within the authentication provider platform to create an association of subscriber identity which may include MAC address, MAC and IP address as a tuple, circuit identifier string, realm based authentication data, IMSI, in part or in addition to leveraging DHCP Relay information sub options that may be present, which when processed inherit one or multiple vendor specific attributes from the authentication platform. These VSA values, each no greater than 2 bytes define the payload headers the participating subscriber gateway will shim to its layer 2 payload for processing as a Service Chain through one or multiple virtual network functions located elsewhere in the network.
Detection of node isolation in subtended ethernet ring topologies
Systems and methods for node isolation detection include, in one or more hub nodes in an Ethernet network having a first ring and a second ring that subtends off the one or more hub nodes on the first ring, operating a first plurality of Operations, Administration, and Maintenance (OAM) sessions with each node in the second ring in a first direction around the second ring; operating a second plurality of OAM sessions with each node in the second ring in a second direction around the second ring; and correlating and detecting faults and node isolation in the second ring based on the first plurality of OAM sessions and the second plurality of OAM sessions.
Sensor communications by vibrations
In an example implementation, a sensor communication system includes a sensor to sense a condition and to include the condition in a message formatted in a communication protocol. The system includes a vibration actuator placed in contact with a building structure and operatively coupled to the sensor. The vibration actuator is to transmit the formatted message through the building structure as a vibration pattern, and an accelerometer is to detect the vibration pattern. A receiver hub coupled to the accelerometer is to decipher the condition from the vibration pattern.
Multicast source discovery mechanism to avoid multicast-traffic sync between active multi-homing peers or any cast gateway L2 stretch
Systems, methods, and computer-readable media for controlling multicast traffic flows through provider edge routers. In some examples, a multicast traffic of one or more multicast traffic flows is received from a multicast source at a first provider edge router of a plurality of provider edge routers. A multicast routing message including a loopback address of the first provider edge router can be originated at the first provider edge router. The multicast routing message can be flooded into a multicast core network for controlling traffic in the one or more multicast flows through the multicast core network to the first provider edge router. Subsequently, multicast joins can be received at the first provider edge router for establishing the one or more multicast flows through the multicast core network based on the multicast routing message including the loopback address of the first provider edge router.
Systems and methods for optical physical unclonable parameters
An article of manufacture includes a substrate and a security primitive deposited on the substrate. The security primitive includes a transition metal dichalcogenide having a varying thickness. According to various embodiments, the transition metal dichalcogenide comprises a chalcogen atom (X) selected from the group consisting of S, Se, and Te and a transition metal (M) selected from the group consisting of Mo, W, Hf, and Zr. The security primitive is pixelated into a plurality of discrete regions having different luminescence. A security primitive key includes a first set of data values corresponding to a first set of coordinates of a first region and a second set of data values corresponding to a second set of coordinates of a second region. In some embodiments, the security primitive key is digitally captured through an optical reader and verified by querying a database.
Verification of client identities based on non-distributed data
Disclosed embodiments relate to verifying identities based on identity-inherent data that is inaccessible to the system. Techniques include receiving, from a client, an encrypted token, the encrypted token having been encrypted at the client using a cryptographic key created at the client based on identity-inherent data of an identity of the client; wherein the identity-inherent data of the identity is not itself received by the system, and wherein the cryptographic key is accessible only to the client; and storing the encrypted token in association with a hash of a decrypted version of the encrypted token to allow for comparing the stored hash with a created hash and determining whether to verify the identity based on a result of the comparing.
Communication system for suppressing a processing load of an ECU when dealing with fraudulent messages
A communication system includes a first electronic control unit configured to determine whether a reception message received from a communication bus corresponds to a communication message determined in advance to be transmitted to the communication bus by the first electronic control unit, determine whether the communication message is transmitted from the first electronic control unit to the communication bus, and output a notification signal that is a signal for causing the communication message that a second electronic control unit acquires from the communication bus to be deleted from the second electronic control unit when the first electronic control unit determines that the reception message corresponds to the communication message and determines that the communication message is not transmitted from the first electronic control unit to the communication bus.
System and method for performing secure communications
A server and method for providing a content selection is provided. The server receives content targeting parameters and obtains content items from at least one content site based on the content targeting parameters. The server can further identify content descriptors for the content items and generate a first content cluster from a subset of the content items based on the content descriptors. The server can further generate a second content cluster from a second subset of the content items based on the content descriptors and rank the first and the second content clusters in an order of usefulness. The ranking of the content clusters can be based on at least one of an importance of content, a recentness of the content items and a size of the content cluster.
Method and apparatus for providing service on basis of identifier of user equipment
The present disclosure relates to technologies for sensor networks, machine to machine (M2M) communication, machine type communication (MTC), and Internet of Things (IoT). The present disclosure may be utilized for intelligent services based on the above technologies (smart homes, smart buildings, smart cities, smart or connected cars, health care, digital education, retail businesses, security and safety-related services). The present invention relates to a method and apparatus that, when a user equipment notifies its identification information using an unsecured connection, enable the user equipment to notify the identification information in a secure manner using a one-time password (OTP) algorithm and proximity authentication and to receive services customized to user needs.
Implicit RSA certificates
A secure digital communications method is provided in which a Certificate Authority generates an improved RSA key pair having a modulus, a public key exponent, a public key, and a private key. The public key exponent can contain descriptive attributes and a digital signature. The digital signature can be responsive to the descriptive attributes and the modulus. A secure session can be established between a first system and a second system, within a secure digital communication protocol. The second system can verify the digital signature to authenticate the public key.
Nonce generation for encryption and decryption
The present disclosure describes methods of encrypting and decrypting blocks of data stored in computer readable memory for a device using a block cipher with a nonce. In particular, methods of encrypting and decrypting blocks of data where the value of the nonce is based on previous execution instructions of a program executed by the device for a previously executed block are described. Embodiments disclosed include a method of encrypting blocks of data bits stored in computer readable memory for a device using a block cipher with a nonce and a key, the method comprising for each block of data: generating a value of the nonce based on previous execution instructions of a program executed by the device for a previously executed block of data; and encrypting the block of data with the nonce and key using the block cipher.
Encoding process for multiple RSA and ECC keys
In embodiments, an apparatus for microcontroller (μC) or system-on-chip (SoC) computing includes a set of fuses disposed in a μC or a SoC to store a seed value and M pairs of loop counter values (LCVs) with which to locally generate M private keys from the seed value on the microcontroller or SoC, where M is a positive integer, each private key to decrypt data encrypted with a pre-defined public key cryptosystem, wherein each private key includes two prime numbers p and q (p,q), the LCVs being a number of iterations of a key derivation function (KDF) needed to respectively obtain p and q from the seed value; and a key decoder, disposed in the (μC) or the SoC, and coupled to the set of fuses, to read the seed value and the M pairs of LCVs, and, for each of the M private keys to: respectively generate (p,q) from the seed value by respectively iterating the KDF by the LCVs for that key.
Quantum physical unclonable function
According to a first aspect of the present invention, therein is provided a method of determining or generating a unique identifier for a device, the device exhibiting quantum mechanical confinement, the method comprising: measuring a unique quantum mechanical effect of the device that results from the quantum mechanical confinement; and using the measurement to determine or generate the unique identifier.
Dual rail compensation in phase encoded communication
According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a phase modulator configured to modify a phase of light incoming into the phase modulator, to generate phase-encoded light, a dual rail encoder configured to modify the phase-encoded light in dependence of a control signal, to thereby impart a polarization rotation compensation into the phase-encoded light, and a polarization rotator combiner coupled to the dual rail encoder, configured to convert dual rail light from the dual rail encoder into polarization encoded light, wherein the apparatus is arranged to transmit the polarization encoded light.
Witness blocks in blockchain applications
Techniques are disclosed for managing data of an application. One embodiment presented herein includes a computer-implemented method, which includes scanning a distributed system to identify one or more blocks comprising data associated with the application. The method further includes generating a witness block based on the one or more blocks. The witness block may comprise a state of the data from the one or more blocks. The method further includes adding the witness block to the distributed system.
Global ownership registry
Described herein is a system in which an electronic record is stored on a distributed environment with respect to an item. In this system, transactions may be conducted for an item in an anonymous fashion. In some embodiments, a first user may input an item identifier associated with an item as well as an indication of an action to be performed with respect to that item. The identifier may be transmitted to a blockchain network, which may use that identifier to locate a blockchain associated with the item. A blockchain may include a series of transaction records associated with the item, each of which is signed using a private key. Upon performance of the indicated action, the blockchain network may generate a new transaction record, append that transaction record to the blockchain, and sign the transaction record.
Method and apparatus for synchronization of communication nodes using multiple domains in vehicle network
An operation method of a first communication node operating as a current reference grand master (GM) node in a vehicle network may comprise: transmitting a first synchronization message including a first reference time of the first communication node; receiving a first response message from a second communication node, the first response message including a first synchronization offset indicating a difference between a first local time of the second communication node and the first reference time; receiving a second response message from the second communication node, the second response message including a second synchronization offset indicating a difference between the first local time and a second reference time of a third communication node operating as a GM node; and determining the first communication node or the third communication node as a first reference GM node based on a result of comparison between the first synchronization offset and the second synchronization offset.
Sampling point identification for low frequency asynchronous data capture
An asynchronous data capture device comprises an edge spread detector circuit, a clock generator, and a data sampling circuit. The edge spread detector circuit uses a first clock frequency that is a multiple of a second clock frequency, identifies transitions in a data stream transmitted to the device at the second clock frequency, and determines a sampling point based on the identified transitions. The clock generator adjusts a phase offset based on the sampling point and generates a clock signal having the second clock frequency and the adjusted phase offset. The data sampling circuit uses the second clock frequency and samples the data stream at the sampling point. In some implementations, the edge spread detector determines a sampling point that is isolated from the identified transitions, and the clock generator adjusts the phase offset to cause a rising edge at the sampling point.
Receiver and transceiver including the same
A receiver may include a plurality of receiving units connected with corresponding channels, and a clock data recovery unit connected with a sensing channel among the channels via a sensing line and connected with the receiving units via a common clock line. The receiving units may receive training pattern signals having the same transition direction through the channels in a training mode, and, in the training mode the clock data recovery unit may generate a phase-adjusted sampling clock signal so that a sampling time corresponds to a transition time of a training pattern signal of the sensing channel.
Method and apparatus for supporting mechanisms for flexible duplex operations at symbol level in wireless communication system
For fast and dynamic adaptation of downlink (DL) and uplink (UL) resource, DL/UL resource switching at a symbol level or at a sub-symbol level is proposed. In detail, a network node transmits s DL data in a first symbol, and receives UL data in a second symbol, which is the next symbol of the first symbol.
Radio frequency communication systems with dynamic waveform control and power boost
Radio frequency (RF) communication systems with dynamic waveform control and power boost are provided herein. In certain embodiments, an RF communication system includes a power amplifier configured to amplify an RF signal to generate an RF transmit signal for transmission over a time-division duplex (TDD) communication link having a duty cycle, and a transmitter configured to provide the RF signal to the power amplifier. The transmitter is operable to change a type of waveform of the RF signal from a first waveform type to a second waveform type in response to a decrease in a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the TDD communication link, and to boost a power of the RF transmit signal by an amount based on the duty cycle.
Method and apparatus for scheduling data in a wireless communication system
A method and an apparatus for scheduling data in a wireless communication system are provided. The method includes checking first control information in a first subframe, checking a first block including second control information and first data based on the first control information in the first subframe, and decoding the first data based on the second control information in the first subframe. The first control information includes resource allocation information related to the first block, and the second control information includes one of channel state information about the first data, or resource allocation information related to a second block in a second subframe.
Uplink signal acknowledge method and apparatus
Embodiments provide an uplink signal acknowledge method. In the method, an uplink signal sent by a terminal device for tracking the terminal device can be received by a base station or a transmission/reception point (TRP). A downlink tracking acknowledge message can be sent to the terminal device. The downlink tracking acknowledge message can include at least one of the following: information about a status in which the base station or the TRP tracks the terminal device, timing advance information required by the terminal device to send an uplink tracking signal, power adjustment information required by the terminal device to send the uplink signal, and access control information of the terminal device. The base station or the TRP sends the downlink tracking acknowledge message to the terminal device, so that the terminal device learns whether a network has tracked the terminal device.
Method for uplink communication by terminal in mmWave communication system and terminal
Disclosed is an uplink communication method for: receiving data through an mmWave downlink from an mmWave base station; transmitting, to the mmWave base station, an ACK/NACK reply to the data and an mmWave uplink reference signal through an mmWave uplink; receiving, from the mmWave base station, an indicator indicating use of a legacy uplink instead of the mmWave uplink; shortening the length of a legacy TTI to correspond to the length of an mmWave TTI according to the indicator; and communicating with the mmWave base station through the legacy uplink using the shortened legacy TTI.
Signal transmission method and apparatus
Embodiments of the present disclosure relate to the communications field, and provide a signal transmission method and apparatus, which can effectively resolve a resource waste problem of user data resource elements and improve system power utilization. The method includes: determining, by a base station, a first parameter value of a user data resource element (RE), an initial parameter value of a demodulation reference signal resource element (DMRS RE), and a compensation parameter value of the DMRS RE; determining, by the base station according to the initial parameter value and the compensation parameter value, a second parameter value required for transmitting a DMRS; and transmitting, by the base station, the DMRS, the user data, and the compensation parameter value to user equipment, so that the user equipment demodulates the user data.
Decoupling of synchronization raster and channel raster
A method and apparatus for decoupling of a synchronization (“sync”) channel raster and a channel raster in a wireless communication system is disclosed. For example, the method and apparatus include determining, at a network entity, a synchronization channel raster corresponding to a set of frequencies, and transmitting, from the network entity, one or more synchronization signals and a physical broadcast channel (PBCH) in any frequency of the set of frequencies of the synchronization channel raster to at least one UE. For example, the method and apparatus further include determining, at a network entity, a synchronization channel raster corresponding to a set of frequencies, and transmitting, from the network entity, one or more synchronization signals and a PBCH in a frequency of the set of frequencies of the synchronization channel raster closest to a center frequency of a bandwidth to at least one UE.
Transmission apparatus, transmission method, reception apparatus, and reception method
A transmission apparatus including: a transport stream generation unit configured to generate a transport stream in which a first transport packet containing transport media in a payload and a second transport packet containing information about the transport media in a payload, are time-division multiplexed; a transport stream transmission unit configured to transmit the transport stream to a receiver through a predetermined transmission channel; and a time information insertion unit configured to insert time information for allowing the receiver to obtain decoding time and/or presentation time into the first transport packet or the second transport packet.
Non-orthogonal based uplink transmission method and apparatus
A terminal receives allocation of a unique first identifier of the terminal from a base station. The terminal generates first uplink data. The terminal applies interleaving based on the first identifier to the first uplink data to generate second uplink data.
Error correction code (ECC) and data bus inversion (DBI) encoding
Embodiments may relate to a processor to an electronic device that includes an error correction code (ECC) encoder that is to perform ECC encoding on aa data message to generate an ECC encoded data message. The electronic device may further include a data bus inversion (DBI) encoder communicatively coupled with the ECC encoder, wherein the DBI encoder is to perform DBI encoding on the ECC encoded data message to generate a DBI encoded data message. Other embodiments may be described or claimed.
Method and apparatus for machine type communication of system information
A communication system is described in which system information is transmitted to communication devices, by a communication apparatus of the system, in system information blocks, in accordance with a system information block transmission scheme. The communication apparatus configures at least one system information block to include control information indicating how the system information blocks will be transmitted.
Modulation and coding scheme selection for massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems with partial channel information
A method and system are herein disclosed. The method includes receiving sounding reference signals (SRS) at a massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) base station (BS) from a user equipment (UE), determining, at the BS, beamformers for known channels of the SRS, determining, at the BS, beamformers for unknown channels of the SRS based on the determined beamformers for the known channels, and selecting a modulation and coding scheme (MCS) based on the determined beamformers.
Data transmission method, data receiving method, and data sending and receiving system
A method includes: generating indication information, where the indication information is used to indicate a resource allocation table corresponding to a first data unit in the plurality of data units; sending the indication information in a timeslot previous to a timeslot used to send the first data unit; and sending the plurality of data units, where a resource allocation table corresponding to each data unit is selected from a plurality of resource allocation tables in a cyclic manner, and a cyclically initial resource allocation table is the resource allocation table indicated by the indication information.
Wavelength selective switch and reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer
A wavelength selective switching device comprises a plurality of input paths for receiving optical signals, a plurality of output paths for emitting the optical signals, and a switching unit for selectively directing the optical signals from the input paths to the output paths. The switching unit comprises a reflective area adapted to be concurrently illuminated by a first optical signal from a first input path among the plurality of input paths, and by a second optical signal from a second input path among the plurality of input paths, the second input path being different from the first input path, and to concurrently direct the first optical signal to a first output path among the plurality of output paths and the second optical signal to a second output path among the plurality of output paths, the second output path being different from the first output path. Said first output path and said second output path are spatially separated by said first input path and said second input path, or vice-versa.
Multi-channel integrated photonic wavelength demultiplexer
A multi-channel photonic demultiplexer includes an input region to receive a multi-channel optical signal including four distinct wavelength channels, four output regions, each adapted to receive a corresponding one of the four distinct wavelength channels demultiplexed from the multi-channel optical signal, and a dispersive region optically disposed between the input region and the four output regions. The dispersive region includes a first material and a second material inhomogeneously interspersed to form a plurality of interfaces that each correspond to a change in refractive index of the dispersive region and collectively structure the dispersive region to optically separate each of the four distinct wavelength channels from the multi-channel optical signal and respectively guide each of the four distinct wavelength channels to the corresponding one of the four output regions.
Methods and systems for OFDM using code division multiplexing
In some embodiments of the invention, OFDM symbols are transmitted as a plurality of clusters. A cluster includes a plurality of OFDM sub-carriers in frequency, over a plurality of OFDM symbol durations in time. Each cluster includes data as well as pilot information as a reference signal for channel estimation. In some embodiments, a plurality of clusters collectively occupy the available sub-carrier set in the frequency domain that is used for transmission. In some embodiments of the invention data and/or pilots are spread within each cluster using code division multiplexing (CDM). In some embodiments pilots and data are separated by distributing data on a particular number of the plurality of OFDM symbol durations and pilots on a remainder of the OFDM symbol durations. CDM spreading can be performed in time and/or frequency directions.
Signaling and using virtual cell identification for SFN-type transmissions
Various aspects described herein relate to techniques for signaling and using one or more virtual cell identifications (V-cell IDs) for single frequency network (SFN)-type of transmissions in wireless communications systems. A method, a computer-readable medium, and an apparatus are provided. In an aspect, the method may include performing, by a user equipment (UE), a cell search to obtain a cell ID, and decoding, by the UE, a message based on the cell ID, wherein the message includes a master information block (MIB). The method may further include identifying, by the UE, a virtual cell ID used for SFN-type transmissions based on information decoded from the message. The techniques described herein may apply to different communications technologies, including 5th Generation (5G) New Radio (NR) communications technology.
Discovery reference signaling for dynamically-timed transmissions
A base station for secondary-cell (S-cell) operation in an unlicensed band is subject to listen-before-talk (LBT) rules. The apparatus generates S-cell discovery reference signal (DRS) that includes a primary synchronization signal (PSS) based on a cell ID associated with the base station, a secondary synchronization signal (SSS), a cell-specific reference signal (CRS), and optionally CSI-RS. Solutions are described for generating portions of the DRS to accommodate the placement of the DRS in arbitrary subframes.
Interference control method and device in wireless communication system
Disclosed is a 5G or pre-5G communication system to be provided for supporting a data transmission rate higher than that of a 4G communication system such as LTE. According to one embodiment of the present invention, a method by which a device for adjusting the interference of a plurality of base stations transmits and receives data to and from the plurality of base stations comprises: receiving channel information of a terminal connected to one or more macro base stations or to one or more small base stations from the one or more macro base stations or the one or more small base stations; receiving ABS pattern information from the one or more macro base stations; generating, for each base station, interference control information for the one or more macro base stations or the one or more small base stations on the basis of the ABS pattern information and the channel information of the terminal connected to the one or more macro base stations or to the one or more small base stations; and transmitting, to each base station, the interference control information generated for each base station.
Bridges including physical layer devices for indicating transmission times of synchronization frames by modifying previously generated corresponding follow up frames
A switching device is provided and includes a processor and a physical layer device. The processor is configured to generate a synchronization frame and a corresponding follow up frame. The follow up frame is generated while or subsequent to the generating of the synchronization frame and without waiting for an egress timestamp indicating when the synchronization frame is to be transmitted from the switching device to a network device. The physical layer device is configured to: receive the synchronization and follow up frames from the processor; prior to transmitting the follow up frame to the network device, modify the follow up frame to include the egress timestamp indicating when the synchronization frame is transmitted from the switching device via the physical layer device; and perform a precision time protocol process including transmitting the synchronization and follow up frames from the switching device to the network device for clock synchronization.
Method and arrangement for signaling of parameters in a wireless network
A mobile terminal receives, over a first cell configured on a carrier frequency, at least one parameter associated with a second cell configured on a carrier frequency. The at least one parameter comprises a cell identity. The mobile terminal then derives at least one physical layer characteristic for the second cell based on the received at least one parameter. Thereby, the mobile terminal is able to receive transmissions over the second cell, even if it could not initially detect the presence of the cell.
Unequal decision regions for throughput increases for optical communications
Disclosed in some examples, are optical devices, systems, and machine-readable mediums that send and receive multiple streams of data across a same optical communication path (e.g., a same fiber optic fiber) with a same wavelength using different light sources transmitting at different power levels—thereby increasing the bandwidth of each optical communication path. Each light source corresponding to each stream transmits at a same frequency and on the same optical communication path using a different power level. The receiver differentiates the data for each stream by applying one or more detection models to the photon counts observed at the receiver to determine likely bit assignments for each stream.
Mixed signal pre-emphasis technique for optical transceivers
An optical signal transmitter system in an optical communication network includes a digital pre-emphasis device structured to generate a pre-emphasized digital data signal by pre-emphasizing at least a portion of a digital data signal to be transmitted, a digital-to-analog converter coupled to the digital pre-emphasis device to convert the pre-emphasized digital data signal into an analog data signal, an analog pre-emphasis device coupled to the digital-to-analog converter to generate a pre-emphasized analog data signal by pre-emphasizing at least a portion of the analog data signal, an electrical-to-optical converter to convert the pre-emphasized analog signal into an optical signal, and a processor configured to determine a pre-emphasis assignment distribution between the digital pre-emphasis device and the analog pre-emphasis device.
Optical communication system, optical transmitter module, and optical receiver module
An optical transmitter module includes: a low-speed light emitting device that emits an optical signal at a first given wavelength; a high-speed light emitting device that emits an optical signal at a second given wavelength; and a first filter that transmits one and reflect the other of the first- and second-given-wavelength optical signals to send the optical signal to an optical receiver module. The optical receiver module includes: a low-speed light receiving device that receives the optical signal at the first given wavelength; a high-speed light receiving device that receives the optical signal at the second given wavelength; and a second filter that transmits one and reflects the other of the first- and second-given-wavelength optical signals to send the first-given-wavelength optical signal to the low-speed light receiving device, and the second-given-wavelength optical signal to the high-speed light receiving device.
OTDR receive device with connectivity feedback
There is provided an OTDR receive device, an OTDR system comprising an OTDR receive device and an OTDR method wherein the OTDR unit and the OTDR receive device are to be connected at opposite ends of an optical fiber link under test. The OTDR receive device comprises means for the OTDR system to detect an established connectivity between the OTDR unit and the OTDR receive device via the optical fiber link under test and a status indicator to notify a user of the receive device of the connectivity status and optionally an OTDR measurement status. Connectivity detection allows to check for continuity between the OTDR unit and the OTDR receive device before launching an OTDR measurement. A user of the OTDR unit does not need to communicate with the user of the OTDR receive device to know when to start the acquisition.
Devices and methods for a rotary joint with multiple wireless links
A device is provided that includes a first platform having a first side, and a second platform having a second side positioned within a predetermined distance to the first side. The device also includes an actuator configured to cause a relative rotation between the first platform and the second platform such that the first side of the first platform remains within the predetermined distance to the second side of the second platform. The device also includes a probe mounted to the first platform, and a plurality of probes mounted to the second platform. The device also includes a signal conditioner coupled to the plurality of probes. The signal conditioner may select one of the plurality of probes based on an orientation of the first platform relative to the second platform. The signal conditioner may then to use the selected probe for wireless communication with the probe on the first platform.
Transmitter and relay communication devices for D2D communication
The disclosure relates to a transmitter communication device for a D2D communication network with a plurality of communication devices, including one or more receiver communication devices and a plurality of relay communication devices. The transmitter communication device comprises: a processor configured to select a subset of plurality of relay communication devices for relaying a communication message to the one or more receiver communication devices and to configure the subset of relay communication devices to relay the communication message using one of a plurality of relay modes, including a first relay mode or a second relay mode, wherein the first relay mode is an “amplify and forward” relay mode and wherein the second relay mode is a “decode and forward” relay mode; and a communication interface configured to transmit the communication message to the one or more receiver communication devices via the subset of relay communication devices.
Methods and apparatus to facilitate adaptive precoder updating for channel state feedback
Apparatus, methods, and computer-readable media for facilitating adaptive precoder updating for channel state feedback are disclosed herein. An example method of wireless communication at a UE includes selecting a second wideband component W1 of a second PMI, the second PMI including the second wideband component W1 and a second subband component W2, and the selecting of the second wideband component W1 being based at least on a determining of whether to reuse for the second wideband component W1 a first wideband component W1 of a first PMI previously determined based on received first CSI-RS, the first PMI including a first wideband component W1 and a first subband component W2. The example method also includes determining the second PMI based on a received second CSI-RS, the second wideband component W1, and the second subband component W2. The example method also includes reporting the determined second PMI to a base station.
Per packet antenna switch diversity
A wireless communication device includes a number of radio-frequency (RF) antennas and one or more radio circuits. Each radio circuit includes a receive (RX) chain to process RX signals and a transmit (TX) chain to process TX signals. An RF switch network couples at least one RF antenna to at least one radio circuit. A baseband processor controls a configuration of the RF switch network. The baseband processor determines a plurality of parameters and controls the RF switch network based on at least one of the parameters. The parameters are determined during a training interval including at least an inter-frame space (IFS). The configuration of the RF switch network is based on the determined parameters and is employed for selection of an antenna to improve a link performance when used for communication of a next packet following the IFS.
Method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving signal in wireless communications system
This application discloses a method and an apparatus for transmitting a signal in a wireless communications system. An example method includes: sending or receiving a signal of a first beam in a first beam set within a communication time of the first beam; and sending or receiving a signal of a third beam in a second beam set within a switching gap for switching from the first beam to a second beam in the first beam set. According to the method and the apparatus for transmitting a signal in a wireless communications system in embodiments of this application, overheads can be reduced.
Reference signal with beamforming training and channel estimation
Various communication systems may benefit from improved signaling. For example, communication systems may benefit from sending a multi-numerology reference signal that allows a receiving user equipment to perform simultaneous beamforming training, and channel estimation or channel state information acquisition. A method may include receiving at a user equipment a multi-numerology joint reference signal (610). The reference signal may include a reference signal for data channel demodulation or channel state information acquisition, and beamforming training. The method may also include performing simultaneous beamforming training and channel estimation or channel state information acquisition based on the multi-numerology joint reference signal (620).
Beam refinement techniques in millimeter wave systems
Methods, systems, and devices for wireless communications are described that provide for refinement of receive beam beamforming parameters at a user equipment (UE). A UE may transmit two or more signals in an uplink transmission that have different beamforming parameters. A base station receiving the uplink transmission may measure the two or more signals, and identify a first signal of the two or more signals based at least in part on the measuring. The base station may inform the UE of the identified first signal, which the UE may use to set receive beam beamforming parameters for one or more subsequent downlink transmissions.
Electronic device and method for network control terminal and network node
Provided in the disclosure are an electronic device and method for a network control terminal, and an electronic device and method for a network node. The electronic device and method for a network control terminal comprise: a processing circuit configured to determine, based on first indication information from an adjacent network control terminal, that a network node served by the present network control terminal measures a channel state information reference signal (CSI RS) port of reference signal receiving power (RSRP) of same, wherein the first indication information indicates an interference state of the CSI RS port used by the corresponding adjacent network control terminal; and determine, based on a measurement result from the network node, the adjacent network control terminal interfering with the network node, and the CSI RS port thereof.
Signal cancellation in radio frequency (RF) device network
A system, in a programmable active reflector (AR) device associated with a first radio frequency (RF) device and a second RF device, receives a request and associated metadata from the second RF device via a first antenna array. Based on the received request and associated metadata, one or more antenna control signals are received from the first RF device. The programmable AR device is dynamically selected and controlled by the first RF device based on a set of criteria. A controlled plurality of RF signals is transmitted, via a second antenna array, to the second RF device within a transmission range of the programmable AR device based on the associated metadata. The controlled plurality of RF signals are cancelled at the second RF device based on the associated metadata.
Vehicle telematics systems with MIMO antenna selection based on channel state information
A communication system for a vehicle includes a transceiver and a telematics control module. The transceiver receives data from a network device using first antennas disposed external to a vehicle and second antennas disposed internal to the vehicle. The transceiver receives the data using a first antenna combination including two antennas, which include one or more of the first antennas or one or more of the second antennas. The telematics control module: reads channel state information including reference signal received power (RSRP) and rank indicator (RI) values; determines if the RSRP value is greater than a threshold value and the RI value is less than a minimum number of antennas being used to transfer the data; and based on the first RSRP value being greater than the threshold value and the RI value being less than the number of antennas, switches from the first to a second antenna combination.
Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) apparatus
An apparatus is disclosed that includes a processor configured to acquire subarray information indicating a plurality of subarrays usable for multilayer Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO), notify a terminal apparatus of information related to the subarray, wherein the terminal apparatus is a terminal apparatus that performs a report related to a combination of two or more subarrays included in the plurality of subarrays, and wherein the plurality of subarrays includes two or more subarrays that share one or more antenna ports.
Sub-channel allocation in orthogonal frequency division multiplex WLAN
A first communication device allocates respective frequency sub-channels for subsequent orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) communications with two or more second communication devices, including allocating a first frequency sub-channel, a second frequency sub-channel, and a third frequency sub-channel between the first frequency sub-channel and the second frequency sub-channel. The first communication device generates and transmits a first downlink OFDMA data unit configured to prompt the two or more second communication devices to transmit as part of a multi-user transmission that spans the first frequency sub-channel, the second frequency sub-channel, and the third frequency sub-channel. The first communication device receives an uplink OFDMA transmission and determines that the uplink OFDMA transmission did not include a transmission within the third frequency sub-channel. In response, the first communication device does not transmit within the third frequency sub-channel when transmitting one or more subsequent downlink OFDMA data units via the communication channel.
Optimized multi-beam antenna array network with an extended radio frequency range
A system, in a radio frequency (RF) transmitter device, dynamically selects one or more reflector devices along a non-line-of-sight (NLOS) radio path based on a defined criteria. Further, the dynamically selected one or more reflector devices are controlled based on one or more conditions. In an RF receiver device, communicates with the dynamically selected one or more reflector devices comprising an active reflector device. The active reflector device comprises at least a first antenna array and a second antenna array. The first antenna array transmits a first set of beams of RF signals to at least the RF transmitter device and the RF receiver device. The second antenna array receives a second set of beams of RF signals from at least the RF transmitter device and the RF receiver device.
Distributed antenna networks for wireless communication by wireless devices
A platform that automates providing wireless communication between one or more of a plurality of antennas and a moving vehicle that is traveling along a path. One or more of the plurality of antennas are employed to detect wireless signals communicated by the vehicle and/or wireless devices for the vehicle's passengers. In one or more embodiments, characteristics of the detected wireless signals and the plurality of antennas is employed to select an antenna to provide wireless communication with the vehicle and/or wireless devices for the vehicle's passengers at a current location on the path.
Line loss detection in a signal booster system
Technology for a repeater system is disclosed. The repeater system can include a first repeater. The repeater system can include a second repeater that is communicatively coupled to the first repeater via a transmission line between the first repeater and the second repeater. The first repeater can include a controller operable to determine that a change in loss across the transmission line between the first repeater and the second repeater has occurred based on signaling between the first repeater and the second repeater.
Separate uplink and downlink antenna repeater architecture
Technology for a signal booster is disclosed. The signal booster can include a signal amplifier configured to amplify and filter signals for a wireless device. The signal booster can include one or more detectors configured to detect power levels of the signals. The signal amplifier can include at least one of: one or more bypassable amplifiers or one or more switchable band pass filters that are configurable depending on detected power levels of the signals.
Radio-frequency switch and control method therefor
A radio-frequency switch includes: at least two signal transmission modules, each signal transmission module includes a common port, a first series branch module, a second series branch module and a branch port; a parallel branch module; and a ground port. The parallel branch module is disposed between the ground port and a first terminal, and the first terminal is disposed between the first series branch module and the second series branch module. The common port is further connected with common ports of the other signal transmission modules in the radio-frequency switch, and the branch port is further connected with branch ports of the other signal transmission modules in the radio-frequency switch. State switching of the radio-frequency switch is realized by changing states of the first series branch module, the second series branch module and the parallel branch module.
Automatic flotation deployment system
An automatic flotation deployment system for mobile devices is disclosed herein. The floatation device automatically deploys when a mobile electronic device is submerged. The device includes sensors for detecting submersion in liquid, namely water. When the sensors detect submersion, automatic activation of a floatation bladder is activated as well as a signal for the mobile electronic device flashlight to begin flashing at repeated intervals. The floatation device can be located in an interior compartment in the rear of a mobile electronic device with a release door used when activated. A carbon dioxide cartridge is utilized for bladder inflation. Future versions can be manufactured for use with mobile electronic device cases.
Wearable article with multi-frequency wireless communication
A wearable article, system, and methods may include a structure configured to enclose a human body part. A first antenna, positioned with respect to the structure, is tuned to communicate, while the wearable article is being worn, according to a first wireless communication modality with a first external antenna. A second antenna, positioned with respect to the structure, is tuned to communicate according to a second wireless communication modality with a second external antenna different than the first external antenna, the second communication modality being different than the first communication modality. A transceiver, coupled to at least one of the first antenna and the second antenna, is configured to communicate via one of the first and second antennas based, at least in part, on the one of the first and second antennas coining into wireless communication contact with a corresponding one of the first and second external antennas.
Techniques for programmable gain attenuation in wideband matching networks with enhanced bandwidth
The present invention is directed to communication systems and electrical circuits. More specifically, an embodiment of the present invention provides a termination circuit that includes a programmable gain attenuation section, a T-coil section, and a termination resistor. The characteristic resistance of the programmable gain attenuation section matches the resistance of the termination resistor. There are other embodiments as well.
Bandwidth control in radio frequency broadcast signals relative to adjacent-channel signal properties
Exemplary aspects are directed to FM-radio circuitries and systems in which, at the receiving end of a broadcast transmission, circuitry is used set the bandwidth and band position for receiving the desired channel of the broadcast signal based on measured signal properties of immediately-adjacent channel(s). The adjustments to the received channel include bandwidth selection and offset frequency adjustment. These adjustments are, in part, based on USN signal levels as well as modulation symmetry detection which are affected by the modulation level of the desired and other channel(s). Signal processing circuitry such as logic/CPU circuitry, then receives the desired channel, including information carried by the broadcast signal, in response to setting the bandwidth based on the measured signal properties.
Radio frequency decibel scaled wireless interference detector
Technologies directed to a wireless device with a Radio Frequency (RF) Decibel-Scaled Wireless Interference Detector that provides accurate energy readings of a channel through decibel-scaled output voltage are described. One method of the wireless device includes receiving a first RF signal via an antenna and converting the first RF signal to a multiple samples using a sampling rate, each sample including a digital value of a decibel-scaled output voltage. The method converts each of the samples to an energy value using a voltage-to-energy lookup table and determines a congestion level of a channel using the energy values.
Digital pre-distortion circuit and digital pre-distortion method
A digital pre-distortion circuit and a digital pre-distortion method are provided. In the method, pre-distortion, digital-to-analog conversion and an amplifying process are performed on an input signal in sequence, to generate an output signal. A first bandwidth of the input signal after the pre-distortion is greater than a second bandwidth of the input signal after the digital-to-analog conversion. Signals outside the second bandwidth are filtered out from the output signal, to generate a second output signal. A third output signal, which is a signal after a pre-distorted signal is amplified, is estimated according to the pre-distorted signal and the second output signal. The pre-distorted signal is a signal after the pre-distortion is performed on the input signal. A third bandwidth of the third output signal is greater than the second bandwidth. Parameters of the pre-distortion can be determined according to the third output signal and the pre-distorted signal.
Data processing unit having hardware-based parallel variable-length codeword decoding
A highly programmable device, referred to generally as a data processing unit, having multiple processing units for processing streams of information, such as network packets or storage packets, is described. The data processing unit includes one or more specialized hardware accelerators configured to perform acceleration for various data-processing functions. This disclosure describes a parallel decoding of codewords within input data stream based on a codeword type and position.
Transmitter and shortening method thereof
A transmitter is provided. The transmitter includes: an outer encoder configured to encode input bits to generate outer-encoded bits including the input bits and parity bits; a zero padder configured to constitute Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) information bits including the outer-encoded bits and zero bits; and an LDPC encoder configured to encode the LDPC information bits, wherein the LDPC information bits are divided into a plurality of bit groups, and wherein the zero padder pads zero bits to at least some of the plurality of bit groups, each of which is formed of a same number of bits, to constitute the LDPC information bits based on a predetermined shortening pattern which provides that the some of the plurality of bit groups are not sequentially disposed in the LDPC information bits.
Variable-sized symbol entropy-based data compression
Methods, devices and systems for data compression and decompression are disclosed. A collection of data is obtained. The collection of data is sampled to establish, for a plurality of different symbol sizes, relative frequencies of symbols of the respective sizes in the collection of data. A code is generated to contain variable-length codewords by entropy encoding sampled symbols in the collection of data based on a metric which reflects the relative frequencies of the sampled symbols as well as their sizes. Symbols in the collection of data are compressed into compressed representations using the generated code, wherein the compressed representation of a symbol comprises a codeword which represents the symbol as well as metadata for decompressing the compressed representation.
Encoder, encoding method, decoder, decoding method, and codec system
The present disclosure relates to an encoder and an encoding method thereof, as well as a decoder and a decoding method thereof, which can be used to reduce the number of wires necessary for data transmission and transmit more data at a faster speed with the same number of wires, thereby improving the efficiency of data transmission. The encoder may comprises two input terminals configured to receive two input signals simultaneously, each input terminal comprises a wire identifying a positive voltage and a wire identifying a negative voltage; and a plurality of output terminals, wherein each output terminal comprises a wire identifying a positive voltage and a wire identifying a negative voltage, a combination of the two input signals corresponds to one of the plurality of output terminals, and the output terminal to which the current combination of the two input signals corresponds is configured to output signals through the two wires of the output terminal.
Radio frequency bandpass delta-sigma analog-to-digital converters and related methods
Radio-frequency (RF) receivers having bandpass sigma-delta analog sigma analog-to-digital converters (ADC) designed to digitize signals in the RF domain are described. Such bandpass ADCs utilize one or more of the following techniques to enhance noise immunity and reduce power consumption: generation of in-phase (I) and quadrature (Q) paths in the digital domain, nth order resonant bandpass filtering with n>1, and signal sub-sampling in an ith Nyquist zone with i>1. Compared to RF receivers in which the I and Q paths are generated in the analog domain, these RF receivers exhibit higher IRRs because they are not susceptible to in-phase/quadrature (IQ) mismatch. Using nth order resonant bandpass filtering with n>1 attenuates unwanted image tones. The bandpass ADC-based RF receivers described herein exhibit enhanced immunity to noise, achieving for example image rejection ratios (IRR) in excess of 95 dB.
ADC output drift correction techniques
Techniques are described that can be used to extract an offset and a gain of a signal chain, which can be used for digital correction of an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) output to help achieve a life time and temperature stable ADC output. For example, using various techniques, a value for a voltage reference VREF and a value for ground (GND) (or other reference voltage) can be converted, which can then be used to determine gain and offset, respectively, of the signal chain.
Compact high-speed multi-channel current-mode data-converters for artificial neural networks
Multipliers and Multiply-Accumulate (MAC) circuits are fundamental building blocks in signal processing, including in emerging applications such as machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) that predominantly utilize digital-mode multipliers and MACs. Generally, digital multipliers and MACs can operate at high speed with high resolution, and synchronously. As the resolution and speed of digital multipliers and MACs increase, generally the dynamic power consumption and chip size of digital implementations increases substantially that makes them impractical for some ML and AI segments, including in portable, mobile, near edge, or near sensor applications. The multipliers and MACs utilizing the disclosed current mode data-converters are manufacturable in main-stream digital CMOS process, and they can have medium to high resolutions, capable of low power consumptions, having low sensitivity to power supply and temperature variations, as well as operating asynchronously, which makes them suitable for high-volume, low cost, and low power ML and AI applications.
Calibration circuit and calibration method for ADC
The invention discloses a calibration circuit and a calibration method for an analog-to-digital converter (ADC). The calibration method of the ADC includes the following steps: (a) resetting the voltage at the first input of the comparator and the voltage at the second input of the comparator; (b) changing a terminal voltage of at least one capacitor in the first capacitor group; (c) the ADC generating a first digital code; (d) after the first digital code is obtained, resetting the voltage at the first input of the comparator and the voltage at the second input of the comparator; (e) changing a terminal voltage of at least one capacitor in the third capacitor group; and (f) the ADC generating a second digital code. The first digital code and the second digital code are used to correct the output of the ADC.
High-speed successive-approximation-register (SAR) analog-to-digital converter (ADC) control logic circuit
Apparatus and associated methods relate to a logic circuit having a number of unit circuits performing buffering and data storage functionalities in parallel. In an illustrative example, a logic circuit may include N unit circuits for data storage and N−1 unit circuits for buffering. During a conversion cycle, only an ith unit circuit of the N unit circuits and an (i−1)th unit circuit of the N−1 unit circuits may be enabled. Output status of the ith unit circuit of the N unit circuits may be monitored to disable the ith unit circuit, and also enable an (i−1)th unit circuit of the N unit circuits and an (i−2)th unit circuit of the N−1 unit circuits. By performing buffering and data storage in parallel, propagation delays in the SAR logic circuit may advantageously be reduced, and thus, conversion time of a successive-approximation-register (SAR) analog-to-digital converter (ADC) may be advantageously reduced.
Method and apparatus for increasing an operation lifetime of a beam tube
A method and apparatus for increasing the operation lifetime of a beam tube are provided. The method includes converting an electrical current output by the beam tube into an intermediate voltage to provide a voltage signal used for changing an electron multiplier polarization voltage applied to an electron multiplier by a power supply unit controlled by an electron multiplier gain control signal generated by a controller. The controller regulates the electrical current output by the beam tube to keep it below a characteristic current threshold by adjusting the electron multiplier gain control signal until it reaches a predefined maximum value. The voltage signal applied to the controller is regulated by increasing the variable gain of a voltage amplifier to compensate for a drop in electrical current output by the beam tube caused by the aging of the electron multiplier until the applied voltage signal reaches a predefined minimum value.
A signal generator comprises (i) a first set of capacitors at least partially switchably connectable for adjusting a frequency of an oscillator as part of a phase-locked loop and (ii) a second set of capacitors comprised in one or more oscillator control subsystems. A method of controlling the signal generator comprises: (i) acquiring a frequency lock in the phase-locked loop, (ii) calculating, in conjunction with the acquiring of the frequency lock, a systematic capacitance error of the first set of capacitors due to process, voltage, and temperature variations based on the frequency of the oscillator and a switching state of the first set of capacitors, and (iii) calibrating the one or more oscillator control subsystems using the systematic capacitance error, thereby compensating for process, voltage, and temperature variations common between the first set of capacitors and the second set of capacitors.
Locked loop circuit with reference signal provided by un-trimmed oscillator
A circuit includes a frequency detector generating a comparison signal as a function of a comparison between a reference signal and a feedback signal. An oscillator generates an output signal as a function of the comparison signal. A frequency divider, in operation, divides the output signal by a division value to produce the feedback signal as having a frequency that is a multiple of a frequency of the reference signal. A frequency counter circuit measures the frequency of the reference signal and generates a count signal based thereupon. A control circuit adjusts the division value used by the frequency divider, in operation, based upon the count signal.
All-digital phase locked loop using switched capacitor voltage doubler
An all-digital phase locked loop (ADPLL) receives an analog input supply voltage which is utilized to operate analog circuitry within the ADPLL. The ADPLL of the present disclosure scales this analog input supply voltage to provide a digital input supply voltage which is utilized to operate digital circuitry within the ADPLL. The analog circuitry includes a time-to-digital converter (TDC) to measure phase errors within the ADPLL. The TDC can be characterized as having a resolution of the TDC which is dependent, at least in part, upon the digital input supply voltage. In some situations, process, voltage, and/or temperature (PVT) variations within the ADPLL can cause the digital input supply voltage to fluctuate, which in turn, can cause fluctuations in the resolution of the TDC. These fluctuations in the resolution of the TDC can cause in-band phase noise of the ADPLL to vary across the PVT variations. The digital circuitry regulates the digital input supply voltage to stabilize the resolution of the TDC across the PVT variations. This stabilization of the resolution of the TDC can cause the ADPLL to maintain a fixed in-band phase noise across the PVT variations.
Drive circuit, power module and electric power conversion system
A drive circuit includes: a control circuit providing control voltage to a control terminal of a switching device in accordance with input signal; and a capacitor having one end connected to a high side main terminal of the switching device, wherein the control circuit increases an output current capacity of the control circuit when the input signal becomes ON signal and voltage at the other end of the capacitor drops.
Read out integrated circuit (ROIC) for rapid testing of functionality of phase-change material (PCM) radio frequency (RF) switches
A rapid testing read out integrated circuit (ROIC) includes phase-change material (PCM) radio frequency (RF) switches residing on an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC). Each PCM RF switch includes a PCM and a heating element transverse to the PCM. The ASIC is configured to provide amorphizing and crystallizing electrical pulses to a selected PCM RF switch. The ASIC is also configured to determine if the selected PCM RF switch is in an OFF state or in an ON state. In one implementation, a testing method using the ASIC is disclosed.
System and method of charging a buffer capacitor
In accordance with an embodiment, a method includes monitoring a first voltage across a buffer capacitor; activating a first current path between a power supply node and the buffer capacitor when the monitored first voltage is below a first threshold voltage, activating a second current path between the power supply node and the buffer capacitor when the monitored first voltage is below a second threshold voltage, and transferring power from the buffer capacitor to a driver circuit coupled across the buffer capacitor.
A comparator circuitry includes an input pair circuit, a load circuit, and a compensation circuit. The input pair circuit is configured to compare a first input signal with a second input signal, in order to control a first bias current. The load circuit is coupled to the input pair circuit, and is configured to output an output signal having a first level from a first output terminal of the load circuit in response to the first bias current. The compensation circuit is coupled to the input pair circuit and the load circuit, and is configured to drain a compensation current from the first output terminal to a voltage source during the load circuit generates the output signal having a first level, in which the voltage source is configured to provide a voltage having a second level.
Capacitor ratio identification
A system includes an oscillator comprising a first switch, a current source, a capacitor, and a comparator, the capacitor and the comparator coupled at a node. The system includes one or more delay buffers coupled to the comparator. The system includes a first inverter coupled to the one or more delay buffers. The system includes a first buffer coupled to the one or more delay buffers. The system includes a first coupling capacitor coupled to the first inverter and the first buffer via second and third switches, respectively. The system includes a second inverter coupled to the one or more delay buffers. The system includes a second buffer coupled to the one or more delay buffers. The system includes a second coupling capacitor coupled to the second inverter and the second buffer via fourth and fifth switches, respectively. The first and second coupling capacitors are coupled to the oscillator.
Dynamic time constant for quick decision level acquisition
A circuit controls a dynamic time constant to remove DC offset from a received optical data signal. The circuit has a first capacitor coupled between a first terminal and a second terminal. A first resistance network is coupled between the second terminal and a reference voltage. A control circuit has a first output coupled to a control input of the first resistance network. The control circuit monotonically increases an effective resistance of the first resistance network to increase the dynamic time constant. The first resistance network has a resistor coupled to the second terminal, and a transistor with a first conduction terminal coupled to the resistor, a second conduction terminal coupled to the reference voltage, and a control terminal coupled to the first output of the control circuit. The first capacitor has a variable capacitance. The monotonic increase in the dynamic time constant can be linear or non-linear.
Comparing device and method of controlling comparing device
A comparing device includes: a first current generating circuit arranged to selectively generate a first current according to a first control signal; a second current generating circuit arranged to generate a second current; and a comparing circuit having a common node coupled to the first current generating circuit and the second current generating circuit for comparing a first input signal and a second input signal to generate an output signal according to the first current, the second current, and a second control signal.
An apparatus is provided which comprises: a first flip-flop (FF) cell with a data path multiplexed with a scan-data path, wherein the scan-data path is independent of a min-delay buffer, wherein the first FF cell has a memory element formed of at least two inverting cells, wherein the two inverting cells are coupled together via a common node; and a second FF cell with a data path multiplexed with a scan-data path, wherein the scan-data path of the second FF cell is independent of a min-delay buffer, and wherein the scan-data path of the second FF cell is coupled to the common node of the first FF cell.
Duty cycle controller
In an embodiment, a duty cycle controller comprises a delay circuit configured to output the feedback clock signal by delaying an output clock signal combined from an input clock signal and a feedback clock signal by a predetermined delay time, wherein the delay circuit comprises a unit delay circuit configured to delay the output clock signal by a time less than the predetermined delay time and configured to delay the feedback clock signal by the predetermined delay time by letting the output clock signal pass the unit delay circuit as many as a predetermined loop count.
Piezoelectric thin film resonator, filter, and multiplexer
A piezoelectric thin film resonator includes: a substrate; a piezoelectric film located on the substrate; a lower electrode and an upper electrode facing each other across at least a part of the piezoelectric film; and a wiring layer located on the upper electrode, the wiring layer having a thickness equal to or greater than 0.8 μm and equal to or less than 3.0 μm, at least a part of the wiring layer overlapping in plan view with a resonance region in which the lower electrode and the upper electrode face each other across the piezoelectric film, a distance between an outline of the resonance region and an edge of a lower surface located within the resonance region and farthest from the outline being greater than 0 μm and less than 2 μm.
Systems and methods of volume limiting
Systems and methods for limiting volume in an audio playback device using a feedback controller are disclosed herein. In one example, a gain stage modulates gain of an audio signal based in part on feedback from a downstream limiter. The gain stage receives a first audio signal as well as a feedback signal from the feedback controller. Based at least in part on the feedback signal from the feedback controller, the gain stage modulates a gain of the first audio signal to provide a second audio signal. The second audio signal is delivered to the limiter, which limits the second audio signal to produce an output signal. The output signal is played back via a transducer. The feedback controller receives a gain reduction value from the limiter and determines a feedback signal to provide to the gain stage upstream of the limiter.
Offset addition circuits for sense transistors
In examples, an apparatus for sensing current comprises a power transistor; a sense transistor coupled to the power transistor; and an offset addition circuit coupled to the power transistor and the sense transistor, the offset addition circuit comprising a first pair of transistors and a differential amplifier. The apparatus also comprises a cascode amplifier circuit coupled to the offset addition circuit, the cascode amplifier circuit comprising a second pair of transistors, and a gain trim circuit coupled to the cascode amplifier circuit, the gain trim circuit including another differential amplifier and a third transistor. The apparatus further includes an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) coupled to the gain trim circuit and storage coupled to the ADC.
Low power dissipation high performance Class-D amplifier
In a Class-D amplifier, first/second ratios and first/second RC time constants are sequentially matched by trimming. An integrator is coupled to differential first/second paths. The first/second ratios are of a feedback resistor to an input resistor in the first/second paths. R's of the first/second RC time constants are the resistors of the first/second matched ratios. C's of the first/second RC time constants are integrating capacitors in the first/second path. For each of multiple power rails, a ramp amplitude is determined based on a sensed voltage. Concurrently, the driver stage is switched from first to second power rails and quantizer switched from first to second ramp amplitudes to achieve constant combined quantizer/driver stage gain. Based on a sensed load current, an IR drop is determined for a respective output impedance of the driver stage and added to a loop filter output to compensate for the respective output impedance.
A high-frequency amplifier includes: a carrier amplifier amplifying a first signal; a peak amplifier amplifying a second signal; a first transmission line connected between output terminals of the carrier amplifier and the peak amplifier, and having an electrical length equal to one-quarter wavelength of a center frequency in the predetermined frequency band; a second transmission line connected between one end of the first transmission line and the output terminal of the high-frequency amplifier, and having an electrical length equal to one-quarter wavelength of the center frequency; and an impedance compensation circuit with one end connected to a node between the first transmission line and the second transmission line. At the center frequency, an imaginary part of an impedance during viewing of the impedance compensation circuit from the node is opposite in polarity from an imaginary part of an impedance during viewing of the second transmission line from the node.
Switched-capacitor power amplifiers
A switched-capacitor power amplifier comprising a plurality of cells and methods for its operation are described. Switched signal lines switch supply to respective capacitors. Switches connect respective signal lines to a first supply and switches connect respective signal lines to a second supply. Pairs of switches on each signal line are switched so that one is switched off whilst the other is switched on. In a “full amplitude” mode, operation of the switches provides an output having a peak determined by the first supply. A switch signal line is provided between nodes in respective signal lines, a switch being provided in the switch signal line. In a “half amplitude” mode, switch is switched at the radio frequency in the other direction to that of switches connecting the signal lines to respective ones of the first and second supplies with the other switches being kept open.
Feed-forward power amplifier with offline tuning capability
A method and base station transmitter for providing offline tuning of a base station transmitter. The base station transmitter includes a feed-forward power amplifier comprising a Radio Frequency (RF) input and an RF output. The base station transmitter also includes a simulated carrier generator operatively coupled to the feed-forward power amplifier prior to the carrier cancellation loop. The simulated carrier generator provides a simulated carrier signal including one or more individual carrier frequencies to the RF input. The base station transmitter also includes a processor that is operatively coupled to the feed-forward power amplifier and the simulated carrier generator. The processor performs tuning of a carrier cancellation loop using the simulated carrier signal when the processor determines that a carrier signal is not present.
Sensor bias circuit for improved noise performance
Techniques for improving noise performance while processing signals received from an electrochemical sensor are provided. In an example, an interface circuit can include a first amplifier configured to provide a voltage to a counter electrode of an electrochemical sensor, a second amplifier configured to receive sensor information from a working electrode of the electrochemical sensor and to provide concentration information using the sensor information. In certain examples, an input of the first amplifier can be directly coupled to an input of the second amplifier to attenuate noise, of either the first amplifier or the second amplifier, within the concentration information provided by the second amplifier.
Impedance circuit and bias circuit
An impedance circuit includes a first impedance terminal, a second impedance terminal, a first transistor, a second transistor, a low frequency signal blocking element, and a current-voltage transform circuit. The first transistor is coupled to the first impedance terminal, and controlled by a first voltage. The second transistor is coupled to the first impedance terminal, and controlled by a second voltage. The low frequency signal blocking element is coupled to the first transistor and the second impedance terminal. The current-voltage transform circuit is coupled to the first impedance terminal. The current-voltage transform circuit adjusts a terminal voltage at the first terminal of the current-voltage transform circuit according to a current flowing through the current-voltage transform circuit. The impedance circuit provides impedance between the first and the second impedance terminals according to the terminal voltage and the first voltage.
Automated envelope tracking system
Embodiments described herein relate to an envelope tracking system that uses a single-bit digital signal to encode an analog envelope tracking control signal, or envelope tracking signal for brevity. In certain embodiments, the envelope tracking system can estimate or measure the amplitude of the baseband signal. The envelope tracking system can further estimate the amplitude of the envelope of the RF signal. The system can convert the amplitude of the envelope signal to a single-bit digital signal, typically at a higher, oversample rate. The single-bit digital signal can be transmitted in, for example, a low-voltage differential signaling (LVDS) format, from a transceiver to an envelope tracker. An analog-to-digital converter (ADC or A/D) can convert the single-bit digital signal back to an analog envelope signal. Moreover, a driver can increase the power of the A/D output envelope signal to produce an envelope-tracking supply voltage for a power amplifier.
Feed-forward envelope tracking
An envelope tracking system for controlling a power amplifier supply voltage includes envelope circuitry and a feed forward digital to analog converter (DAC) circuitry. The envelope circuitry is configured to generate a target envelope signal based on a selected power amplifier supply voltage. The feed forward DAC circuitry includes a voltage source circuitry and a selector circuitry. The voltage source circuitry is configured to generate a plurality of voltages. The selector circuitry is configured to select one of the plurality of voltages based at least on the target envelope signal. The feed forward DAC circuitry is configured to provide the selected voltage to a supply voltage input of a power amplifier that amplifies a radio frequency (RF) transmit signal.
An oscillator includes an oscillator circuit and a voltage circuit. The oscillator circuit includes a first transistor. The voltage circuit is configured to, in a small signal mode, provide a voltage swing at a source of the first transistor, a gate-to-source voltage of the first transistor being associated with whether the oscillator is able to generate an oscillator signal.
Parallel-based switching inductor device
A switching inductor device having a first port and a second port includes a first inductor and a second inductor with a switch circuit. The first inductor is coupled between the first port and the second port. The second inductor and the switch circuit are connected in series, and are coupled between the first port and the second port; the first inductor and the second inductor are connected in parallel when the switch circuit is turned on.
Wire connection terminal for photovoltaic string
A wire connection terminal for a photovoltaic string is provided. The wire connection terminal includes: a terminal connector, a fuse and a printed circuit board (PCB). The terminal connector is connected to a positive electrode or a negative electrode of the photovoltaic string. The fuse is configured to prevent the photovoltaic string from outputting an excessive current. The PCB is configured to sample an output current and an output voltage of the photovoltaic string, communicate with an inverter, and control the photovoltaic string to disconnect from a direct current bus and output abnormal data for display when the output current and/or the output voltage of the photovoltaic string is abnormal or a system failure occurs.
Inter-tile support for solar roof tiles
One embodiment described herein provides a photovoltaic roof module. The roof module can include at least a first photovoltaic roof tile, a second photovoltaic roof tile positioned adjacent to the first photovoltaic roof tile, and a spacer coupled to and positioned between the first and second photovoltaic roof tiles. The spacer is configured to facilitate a semi-rigid joint between the first and second photovoltaic roof tiles.
Motor drive system, and method of controlling motor drive system
A motor drive system includes a motor for driving a vehicle, an inverter, and an electronic control unit. The electronic control unit is configured to change a carrier frequency as a frequency of a carrier wave, according to operating conditions of the motor. The electronic control unit is configured to set the carrier frequency to a protection frequency when the operating point of the motor lies in a lock region, and the motor is not in an accelerating or decelerating state, and set the carrier frequency to a non-protection frequency higher than the protection frequency, when the operating point lies in the lock region, and the motor is in the accelerating or decelerating state.
Rotating electrical machine control device and rotating electrical machine control method
A rotating electrical machine control device includes a rotating electrical machine, a sensor that detects a state of the rotating electrical machine, and a control unit that controls a current component superimposed on a current supplied to the rotating electrical machine on a basis of detection results of the sensor.
Electric motor regenerated energy management method
A system and method of managing power for an electric motor drive system is provided, where at least two electric motor drives are connected to a common power bus, each of the electric motor drives connected to at least one electric motor. A voltage of the common power bus is monitored, and upon the voltage of the common power bus exceeding a prescribed threshold voltage it is determined which of the at least two electric motor drives is operating in a mode other than a regeneration mode. The electric motor drive operating in a mode other than a regeneration mode is commanded to drive the connected motor into a load to dissipate the regenerated energy.
Self-sustained frictionless near perpetual maglev generator and method for operating
A perpetual self-sustained frictionless maglev generator started from an external power or battery source is disclosed. The power from the generator can be remote at each station avoiding vulnerability from terrorist attacks. All automobiles, airplanes, watercraft, and space ships would be self-sustained and not require any fuel unless for emergency backup purposes only. They all can be measured/controlled by GPS on a distance used and charged for that use accordingly on a monthly basis. Nuclear disaster would not be a threat because the government could use this generator to power their apparatus instead.
A DC-DC converter includes a capacitive power converter connected to a first terminal side, an LC circuit connected to a second terminal side and including an inductor and a second capacitor, and a control circuit that performs switching of a plurality of switch elements. The control circuit performs the switching at a switching frequency equal to or higher than a resonant frequency determined by the capacitance of the capacitive power converter and the capacitance and the inductance of the LC circuit, steps down an input DC voltage inputted to the first terminal, and outputs an output DC voltage from the second terminal.
Charge pump circuit with improved discharge and corresponding discharge method
A charge pump circuit has a plurality of charge pump stages cascaded to one another between an input terminal and an output terminal to provide an output voltage having a boosted value with respect to the input voltage. A clock generator is configured to generate a clock signal provided to the charge pump stages to perform the boosting of the input voltage. An output-voltage regulation feedback closed-loop is coupled to the clock generator to perform a regulation of the output voltage based on a feedback voltage. A discharge control stage is configured to control a discharge of the charge pump circuit by generating a first discharge control signal configured to disable the output-voltage regulation feedback closed-loop or a second discharge control signal configured to reduce the frequency of the clock signal.
Multiple-output non-isolated active line filter
An active line filter (ALF) with multiple outputs includes a first output providing a first output power form having a first output current, the first output power form being coupled to a first winding on an inductive element; and a second output providing a second output power form having a second output current, the second output power form being coupled to a second winding on the inductive element. An input receives an input power form having an input current and an input voltage. A pulse-width modulator (PWM) provides a PWM output signal controlling timing of switching of a transistor to control application of the input voltage of the input power form to the first winding of the inductive element. An error amplifier receives a signal indicative of the first output voltage and generating an error amplifier output signal.
Fractional valley switching controller
A power converter controller includes a fractional valley controller configured to determine a target number of valleys of a resonant waveform at a drain node of a main switch, the target number of valleys corresponding to a desired off-time of the main switch, the fractional valley controller modulating an off-time of the main switch between two or more modulated off-times. The target number of valleys corresponds to a non-integer number of valleys of the resonant waveform at the drain node of the main switch. Each of the modulated off-times of the main switch corresponds to an integer number of valleys, and the two or more modulated off-times of the main switch has an average value that corresponds to the desired off-time.
Hydraulic steering arrangement
A hydraulic steering arrangement is described comprising a steering unit (1), a steering wheel and a steering wheel angle sensor (3) detecting an angle of rotation between the steering wheel and the steering unit (1). Such a steering arrangement should have a simple construction. To this end the steering wheel angle sensor (3) comprises a transmitter/receiver arrangement fixed to the steering unit (1) and a target assembly (4) which is rotateably fixed to the steering wheel by means of a connection geometry (9) and comprises a passive reaction arrangement.
Rotor, stator and motor
A rotor with four axially stacked rotor cores, and a plurality of field magnets interposed between them. Each rotor core includes a rotor-side claw-shaped magnetic pole. Each rotor-side claw-shaped magnetic poles are respectively extending from and formed on each rotor core at equal angle intervals. Tip end surfaces of the first and third rotor-side claw-shaped magnetic pole abut against or are closely opposed to each other axially. Tip end surfaces of the second and fourth rotor-side claw-shaped magnetic poles abut against or are closely opposed to each other in the axial direction. The plurality of field magnets are magnetized in the axial direction such that the field magnets causes the first and third rotor-side claw-shaped magnetic poles to function as first magnetic poles, and cause the second and fourth rotor-side claw-shaped magnetic poles to function as second magnetic poles.
Additive amortisseur circuit
A method of manufacturing a rotor of an electric motor or an electric generator includes positioning a plurality of amortisseur bars and using additive manufacturing to place electrically conductive material. More specifically, positioning the amortisseur bars may include circumferentially positioning the bars around a rotor stack and using additive manufacturing to place electrically conductive material may include forming a non-solid pattern of electrically conductive material, such as a pattern of electrically conductive traces, across opposite axial ends of the rotor stack to electrically interconnect an amortisseur circuit.
A motor unit includes a motor including a rotor to rotate about a motor axis extending in a horizontal direction, and a stator radially outside of the rotor, a housing including a housing space to house the motor, oil in a vertically lower region of the housing space, and an oil passage to feed the oil from the vertically lower region of the housing space to the motor. A channel of the oil passage includes a main reservoir and an auxiliary reservoir to store the oil. Each of the main reservoir and the auxiliary reservoir includes an outflow port to feed the oil to the motor. The main reservoir is located on an upstream side of the auxiliary reservoir in the oil passage. The auxiliary reservoir is structured to receive a portion of the oil overflowing from the main reservoir.
Driving apparatus for vehicle
A driving apparatus for a vehicle is disclosed. The driving apparatus is used for transmitting drive force to a first output shaft. The driving apparatus includes a housing, a motor, a torque converter and an oil reservoir unit. The housing includes a first oil chamber and a second oil chamber. The motor is disposed in the first oil chamber. The torque converter forms the second oil chamber and transmits drive force of the motor to the first output shaft. The oil reservoir unit is disposed radially inward of the torque converter. The torque converter guides hydraulic oil from the oil reservoir unit to the second oil chamber by centrifugal force.
Rotating electric machine
A rotating electric machine includes a rotating shaft, a rotor, a stator, a housing, control modules and fixing members. The housing, which is grounded, rotatably supports the rotating shaft and accommodates the rotor and the stator. The control modules are arranged around the rotating shaft and adjacent to one another. Each of the control modules includes switching elements, a supporting part that supports the switching elements, and at least one connection part having a ground terminal formed therein. The fixing members are provided to fix the connection parts of the control modules to the housing. Each adjacent pair of the connection parts respectively belonging to two different ones of the control modules are together fixed to the housing by a corresponding one of the fixing members; the ground terminals formed in the adjacent pair of the connection parts are together electrically connected to the housing.
A motor unit includes a motor, a housing including a housing space to house the motor, oil in a vertically lower region of the housing space, and an oil passage to lead the oil from the vertically lower region of the housing space through the motor to the vertically lower region of the housing space. The oil passage includes a first oil passage extending through an inside of the motor, and a second oil passage extending through an outside of the motor. One of the first oil passage and the second oil passage includes a cooler to cool the oil therein.
Connection plate for an electric machine
The invention relates to a connection plate for an electric machine, which can be connected to a stator or a stator-side component, wherein at least one axially protruding pressing element is integrally formed on the connection plate.
Corona shielding system and electrical machine
The present disclosure relates to electrical machines. The teachings thereof may be embodied in a corona shielding system, especially for an electrical machine, e.g., a high-voltage machine, such as a generator for generation of electrical energy, an electric motor, or another piece of electrical equipment having a relatively high rated voltage, e.g., a transformer or a bushing or a cable. A corona shielding system may include: a polymeric matrix; and filler particles comprising mica surrounded by a layer of at least one ceramic metal oxide. The filler particles may be distributed throughout the polymeric matrix.
Stator and rotating electric machine
A stator includes: multi-phase stator coils each having a salient pole concentrated winding; a stator iron core formed with a plurality of teeth around which the multi-phase stator coils are wound; and a plurality of connection rings configured to connect each of the multi-phase stator coils, wherein a winding end position of each of the multi-phase stator coils is disposed closest to the corresponding connection ring among the plurality of connection rings.
Permanent-magnet-embedded electric motor, blower, and refrigerating air conditioner
A permanent-magnet-embedded electric motor includes a stator core including a yoke and a plurality of teeth, a rotor core including a plurality of magnet insertion holes, and a plurality of permanent magnets respectively inserted into the magnet insertion holes, each being arranged with a lateral direction set in a radial direction of the rotor core and with a longitudinal direction set in a direction orthogonal to the radial direction. When a width of base sections of the teeth is represented as S1, a width of a distal end sections of the teeth is represented as S2, a width of the permanent magnets in the longitudinal direction is represented as R1, and a width of the magnet insertion holes in an extension direction thereof is represented as R2, relations of S1≤R1
Thin strip component, method for manufacturing same, and motor using thin strip component
A method for manufacturing a thin strip component, including a processing step of processing an amorphous thin strip member into a dimension shape larger than a target shape, and a heat treating step of heat treating and contracting the amorphous thin strip member processed in the processing step to form the amorphous thin strip member into a thin strip component of the target shape. A thin strip component which is a magnetic laminate in which a plurality of plate-shaped thin strip component members of the same shape are laminated, and has a recess over an entire side surface of the magnetic laminate is used. A motor including the thin strip component, a plurality of coils disposed on the thin strip component, and a rotor disposed between the plurality of coils is used.
Wireless charging alignment method and system
The disclosure provides a wireless charging alignment method and system, the system comprising an electronic device and a wireless charging device, the electronic device having a display screen capable of displaying at least an marking symbol, the wireless charging device having a placement surface, the wireless charging device being disposed with at least a wireless charging module inside the placement surface, and the wireless charging device further comprising at least a corresponding symbol; the alignment method of the present invention is, in the process of placing the electronic device on the placement surface, to align the marking symbol to the corresponding symbol is aligned with the corresponding symbol, thereby quickly and accurately completing the alignment of the wireless charging, and a better subsequent charging performance can be performed.
Wireless charging pod and charging pod rack for game devices with rechargeable batteries
A wireless charging pod and charging pod rack for sports equipment and game devices, which automatically detects nearby authorized game devices with rechargeable batteries, and automatically initiate and manage charging operations for authorized game devices, and automatically deactivates the charging operations when the rechargeable batteries are fully charged, or the authorized game devices are moved out of wireless charging range.
Systems and methods for object detection
Systems and methods for object detection are provided. The system includes at least a coil, a main transmit inverter circuit, and one or more circuits. The one or more circuits are configured to generate a small signal, provide the small signal to the coil, receive a response signal, compare the response signal with one or more reference signals, and detect an object according to the comparison. The object is detected without providing a signal from the main transmit/receive inverter circuit to the coil.
Wireless power transmission apparatus and wireless power transmission method thereof
A wireless power transmission apparatus for wirelessly transmitting power to a wireless power reception apparatus is provided. The wireless power transmission apparatus includes a power transmitting circuit including a coil and at least one processor to control to transmit, via the power transmitting circuit, a pilot power with changing a frequency of the pilot power within a predetermined frequency range, obtain a magnitude of power wirelessly transmitted to a wireless power reception apparatus based on the transmitted pilot power, determine an operating frequency based on the obtained magnitude, and control to transmit, via the power transmitting circuit, a driving power having the operating frequency to drive the wireless power reception apparatus.
Power reception device and power transmission device
A power reception device includes a power reception coil configured to couple with a power transmission coil included in a power transmission device; a rectifier circuit including a diode and a transistor electrically connected to the power reception coil and configured to rectify a high frequency AC current flowing in the power reception coil; outputs configured to output the current rectified by the rectifier circuit to a load; a voltage detection circuit configured to detect an output voltage Va; and a controller configured to control an operation of the transistor based on the output voltage Va. The controller turns off the transistor when the output voltage Va≤the threshold value Va1 is satisfied and causes the rectifier circuit to execute a rated rectification operation, and turns on the transistor when the voltage Va≥the threshold value Va2 is satisfied and stops the rated rectification operation.
Large area scalable highly resonant wireless power coil
A scalable highly resonant wireless power coil structure that is suitable for use across a large surface area. The structure includes a plurality of single turn loops with adjacent loops that are decoupled from each other, yet form part of a single member.
Energy harvesting device
An energy harvesting device is configured to surround a portion of an electrical cable (4), and includes a plurality of electrically separated and electrically conducting patch members (22, 22′, 24, 24′, 26, 26′) configured to be arranged in such a manner that an electric potential difference (V) is provided between a first outlet point (B) and a second outlet point (A). The patch members (22, 22′, 24, 24′, 26, 26′) are electrically connected to the first outlet point (B) and to the second outlet point (A). The patch members (22, 22′, 24, 24′, 26, 26′) are configured to be attached non-invasively direct onto the electrical cable (4).
Charger charging circuit, mobile terminal charging circuit, charger and mobile terminal
The present disclosure provides a charger charging circuit, a mobile terminal charging circuit, a charger and a mobile terminal. The charger charging circuit includes: a voltage conversion circuit configured to convert an alternating current into a direct current and be connected with an alternating current charging power supply; a first charging interface configured to be connected with a second charging interface of a mobile terminal, where the first charging interface includes a voltage output end coupled with the voltage conversion circuit and a plurality of first data transmission ends; and a first control circuit. An end of the first control circuit is coupled with the voltage conversion circuit; and another end of the first control circuit is coupled with at least one of the first data transmission ends.
Power adaptor, control method and device
A power adaptor includes a power input interface, a communication protocol chip, a voltage conversion chip and a power output interface; a first detection terminal of the communication protocol chip is connected to the power input interface, a second detection terminal of the communication protocol chip is connected to the power output interface, a control terminal of the communication protocol chip is connected to the voltage conversion chip; and an input terminal of the voltage conversion chip is connected to the power input interface, and an output terminal of the voltage conversion chip is connected to the power output interface.
Modular share pack battery
Described is an energy share pack comprising a housing, at least one energy storage component within the housing, at least one energy conversion component within the housing, and a connection point for connecting to more than one of energy users, energy sources and other energy share packs simultaneously for sharing energy. The energy share pack may have an energy generation component for generating harvestable energy, and two or more ports of any combination of the following types: bidirectional power port, bidirectional USB port, unidirectional output power port, and unidirectional input power port. The share pack ports may operate simultaneously at different voltage levels, and at least one port may be bi-directional. Furthermore, the share packs may have an integrated display for providing information on the energy share pack in which the display is integrated and information about other energy share packs connected thereto.
Battery management system with temperature sensing and charge management for individual series-connected battery cells
A method and apparatus are disclosed for a Battery Management System (BMS) for the controlling of the charging and discharging of a plurality of battery cells (12). Each battery cell has an associated plurality of control circuits (32, 36) which monitor and control the charging of individual battery cells. These units are controlled by a central microcontroller (14) which shunts current around the battery cell if fully charged and stops discharge if a battery cell is fully discharged in order to prevent damage to the other cells.
Wireless power transmitting device, wireless power receiving device, and wireless power transmission system
An object of the present invention is to improve detection accuracy of a metallic foreign object between a feeding coil and a receiving coil during wireless power feeding. A wireless power transmitting device is a device that performs power transmission by wireless using an alternating magnetic field vibrating at a predetermined power transmission frequency and includes a feeding coil, an antenna coil, a capacitor that constitutes a resonance circuit RC together with the antenna coil, a noise detection part that detects noise vibrating at a frequency higher than the power transmission frequency, and a foreign object detection part 140 that detects the presence/absence of a metallic foreign object based on a change in voltage or current generated in the resonance circuit RC and a noise detection result from the noise detection part.
Adaptable wireless power, light and automation system
A power control unit (100) and method of use thereof for varying the supply of electricity to an electrical apparatus using a wireless communications link between a controller (20) and the power control unit (100). The power control unit (100) is adapted to alternatively communicate with the controller (20) using a non-peer-to-peer communications standard or a peer-to-peer communications standard such as Wi-Fi Direct.
Electrical energy router and electrical energy router submodule
An electrical energy router includes cascaded submodules. Each submodule of the cascaded submodules includes a rectifying stage and an isolating stage. The rectifying stage includes a structure of a neutral point clamped full bridge. The isolating stage includes a DC-DC converter, which includes a primary side, a secondary side and a transformer. The primary side includes a structure of a neutral point clamped half bridge. A DC side of the neutral point clamped half bridge is connected to a DC bus line of the rectifying stage.
Systems and methods for generating and consuming power from natural gas
Systems and methods are provided to mitigate flaring of natural gas. A natural gas processing system may process raw natural gas into a fuel gas stream that may be used to power any number of on-site power generation modules. In turn, the power generation modules may convert the fuel gas stream into an electrical output, which may be employed to power any number of distributed computing units housed within one or more mobile data centers. In certain embodiments, the distributed computing units may be adapted to mine cryptocurrency or perform other distributed computing tasks to generate revenue.
Power distribution system
A DC power distribution system includes a plurality of power sources and a DC power distribution bus having a plurality of DC bus sections. At least one power source is coupled to each of the DC bus sections. One or more power switching assemblies couple one of the DC bus sections to another. The power switching assembly has first and second terminals, the first terminal being electrically coupled to a first bus section and the second terminal being electrically coupled to a second bus section. First and second semiconductor devices are electrically coupled between the first and second terminal to control current flow between the first terminal and the second terminal. At least one power switching assembly further includes a pair of current limiters coupled between the first and second semiconductor devices and an energy store is coupled to that power switching assembly between the pair of current limiters.
Intrinsically safe sensor for process automation technology
The invention discloses an intrinsically safe field device for process automation technology, comprising: at least one sensor element for detecting at least one measurand; a secondary coil for transmitting and receiving data—in particular, values derived from the measurand—from a primary coil, and for receiving power from the primary coil, wherein the secondary coil comprises first and second connections; a second coupling body that is designed to be complementary to a first coupling body, wherein the second coupling body comprises the secondary coil; and a circuit assembly that is arranged downstream of the secondary coil. Within the circuit assembly, Zener diodes are connected upstream of rectifier diodes.
System for supplying electrical power to start vehicle engines
A protection circuit for protecting an energy storage device includes a first circuit region between a first terminal of the energy storage device and a first connector node, a second circuit region between a second terminal of the energy storage device and a second connector node, a latching circuit to electrically couple the first connector node to the first terminal of the energy storage device when the latching circuit is in a closed configuration, and a contactor circuit electrically coupled to an operational switch of the latching circuit, the contactor circuit comprising a capacitor to store charge and a microcontroller to monitor an electrical property of the energy storage device to determine if a short circuit occurs and, if a short circuit does occur, cause the capacitor to discharge to the operational switch of the latching circuit to cause the latching circuit to transition to the open configuration.
Flexible cable splice
A cable splice for overhead power transmission lines includes a flexible housing. A first casing is positioned in the flexible housing. The first casing is configured to receive and retain a first conductor. A second casing is positioned in the flexible housing. The second casing is configured to receive and retain a second conductor. A connecting member is connected to the first casing and the second casing. The first casing is moveable relative to the second casing.
Electrical switchgear cabinet
The invention relates to a switchgear cabinet for a wind power plant, having a U-shaped base plate, comprising a bottom and two side parts, two end plates connected to the base plate, and a cover, by means of which the switchgear cabinet is closed, wherein the end plates are lengthened beyond the side parts or longitudinal sides formed by the latter, or the end plates are each set back at a distance with respect to an outer edge of the base plate, such that the base plate and/or the end plates form tabs projecting outward, which are useful for the fixing of holders.
Electric power distribution panel
An electric power distribution panel/system is disclosed. The system comprises an enclosure or housing including a front panel, a microcontroller, an input power line, and one or more power bus bars. The microcontroller is configured to control the operation of the system. The input power line is configured to receive power from the main power source, such as electric utility company equipment. The bus bars could or may transmit power from the input power line to one or more loads via the plurality of output modules. The plurality of output modules is configured to transmit power to the loads at pre-established levels from the input power line after completion of circuit tests by the microcontroller. The circuit tests ensure secure transfer of power and data to the loads via the bus bars and the plurality of output modules without using circuit breakers.
Method of manufacturing light emitting device and light emitting device
A method of manufacturing a light emitting device includes: providing a light emitting device in which a first and second semiconductor laser elements are connected in series; performing a first measurement that includes supplying current to the first semiconductor laser element to measure at least one property of the first semiconductor laser element, and supplying current to the second semiconductor laser element to measure at least one property of the second semiconductor laser element; supplying current to the first and second semiconductor laser elements for a length of time; performing a second measurement that includes supplying current to the first semiconductor laser element to measure the at least one property of the first semiconductor laser element, and supplying current to the second semiconductor laser element to measure the at least one property of the second semiconductor laser element, and evaluating the first and second semiconductor laser elements.
A semiconductor device includes a first pair of nitride semiconductor regions, and a current confinement region which includes a first portion, a second portion disposed on a side of the first portion, and a third portion disposed on another side of the first portion. A width of the second portion is larger than a width of the first portion, the width of the second portion is larger than a width between the first pair of nitride semiconductor regions, and both ends of the second portion are covered by the first pair of nitride semiconductor regions, respectively.
Optical device structure using GaN substrates and growth structures for laser applications
Optical devices having a structured active region configured for selected wavelengths of light emissions are disclosed.
Light source device
A light source device includes a sub-mount, a semiconductor laser element flip chip mounted on the sub-mount, and a planar lightwave circuit (PLC) which is an optical member having a waveguide disposed on a substrate. The semiconductor laser element and the waveguide are arranged such that a light-emitting point of the semiconductor laser element and a core of the waveguide are substantially aligned. A light-reflecting surface is provided such that light emitted from the semiconductor laser element and propagating along a propagating direction in the planar lightwave circuit is reflected at the light-reflecting surface in a direction substantially normal to the propagating direction. A portion of the substrate of the planar lightwave circuit is removed at least in a predetermined range from an end opposite to a light incident surface of the planar lightwave circuit.
Femtosecond laser source and multiphoton microscope
Good femtosecond fiber laser performance is achieved by producing picosecond Raman shifted pulses of sufficient intensity to undergo self-phase modulation (SPM), thus causing the pulses to advantageously spread spectrally, which then makes it possible to temporally compress the pulses with an optical compressor to produce femtosecond pulses with high peak power.
Optical fiber laser device
An optical fiber laser device generates laser light by using an optical amplifying fiber as an amplification medium in a laser oscillator and includes: an optical outputting fiber configured to emit laser light to an outside; a return-light-attenuating portion configured to perform an attenuation process to return light propagating through at least the optical outputting fiber in a reverse direction of the laser light; a thermal conversion unit provided at the return-light-attenuating portion and configured to convert the return light into heat; a temperature-monitoring device configured to measure an increase in a temperature, of the return-light-attenuating portion, caused by the heat converted by the thermal conversion unit; and a control unit configured to decrease or stop an output of the laser light when the temperature measured by the temperature-monitoring device becomes a predetermined threshold temperature or higher.
Integration of direct compressor with primary laser source and fast compressor
A system and method for integrating a direct compressor with a primary laser source and fast compressor while also reducing the number of mechanical elements and gas interfaces. A nonlinear scattering aperture combiner does not need to be optically multiplexed in order to drive a direct compressor stage, but by producing a large temporal compression ratio it will then pump the fast compressor. In order to accomplish this, a technique for transversely segmenting by color and/or polarization of the optical extraction beams of the direct compressor is utilized.
Method for manufacturing at least one functional area on an electric contact element such as a switching contact or a plug contact
The invention relates to a method for producing at least one functional region on an electrical contact element such as, for example, a switching contact or a plug type contact. In order to prevent the high environmental burden which is disadvantageous in wet-chemical methods and to overcome the restriction to a very small number of materials caused in hot dip methods in physical technical terms, and to substantially improve the spatial possibility for selection and structuring which is insufficient in both techniques, there is provision according to the invention for at least one material coating to be applied mechanically in a highly selective manner to the contact element in the functional region and subsequently highly energetic thermal radiation such as, for example, a particle beam in the form of an ion and/or electron beam, to be directed onto the at least on material coating.
System, apparatus, and method for providing an electrical safety circuit
An apparatus is disclosed. The apparatus has a base assembly, a movable assembly that is movably supported by the base assembly and that is movable relative to the base assembly, a structural assembly that is supported by the movable assembly, a plurality of electrical assemblies supported by the structural assembly, and a first electrical connector that is electrically connectable to some of the plurality of electrical assemblies, the first electrical connector being attached to the movable assembly and including a first plurality of electrical members. The apparatus also has a second electrical connector that is electrically connectable to a power source, the second electrical connector being attached to the base assembly and including a second plurality of electrical members, and one or more contact members that are movably disposed relative to the base assembly.
Plug connector comprising jumpers
For ease and modification flexibility in the manufacture of jumpers in a plug connector, according to the invention the housing cover (10) is equipped with a contact carrier (3) which is releasably clipped thereon. The contact carrier (3) can be made in two parts and can have an upper part (1) and a lower part (32). These can be separated from one another and joined together in order to accommodate individual U-shaped contact pins (8, 8′, 8″) for bridging socket contacts (28) of the plug connector or also in order to remove and/or replug said pins. If necessary, the complete contact carrier (3) can also be exchanged for another contact carrier having a different bridge assignment. As a result, the operating state of an electrical system can be individually defined and modified. When the housing cover is open, an external test plug can be plugged in for maintenance purposes. Furthermore, the contact carrier (3) can have a certain mechanical “play” for tolerance compensation in the housing cover (10) so that the contact pins (8, 8′, 8″) and the contact carrier (3) are not subjected to mechanical stresses during opening and closing of the housing cover (10).
Compact travel plug
A travel plug adapter including a housing with inner walls, outer walls, and a bottom surface, a plug receptacle, and a first plug having a first contact pin. The first plug, by being displaced along a first distance, may be moved out of a standby position in the housing, into a usage position outside of the housing. A contact surface is provided in the housing and the plug is connected to an actuation element that, when the plug is moved into the usage position, comes into contact with the contact surface and that is connected to a transmission unit whereby the contact pin is moved across a second distance greater than the first distance.
Surface-contact ethernet connector, network equipment chassis including the same and operating method thereof
A system and method includes stacking a first network node and a second network node on each other, making a surface contact between the network nodes using a first surface connector disposed on an upper surface of a first chassis of the first network node and a second surface connector on a lower surface of the second network node, directly connecting one of the first network node and the second network node to a computer network, and controlling another of the first network node and the second network node to connect the computer network through the surface contact made using the first surface connector and the second surface connector.
Coaxial cable connector having an electrical grounding portion
A coaxial cable connector includes a coupler portion configured to engage an interface port and having a rearward facing coupler surface, a body portion having a forward facing body surface, and a post portion having a rearward facing post surface. The post portion is configured to engage the body portion to form a space between the rearward facing post surface and the forward facing body surface when the connector is assembled. A grounding portion has a post contact portion configured to be located rearward from the rearward facing coupler surface so as to extend in the space when the connector is assembled and when the coupler portion engages the interface port so as to maintain physical and electrical grounding contact with the rearward facing post surface during operation of the connector, and a coupler contact portion configured to contact the rearward facing coupler surface during operation of connector.
Power supply circuit breaker device
A power supply circuit breaker device (1) is configured to include: a fixed-side connector device (2) provided partway along a power supply circuit (D); a movable-side connector device (3) which engages/disengages with the fixed-side connector device (2) to turn ON/OFF the power supply circuit (D); and a rotary connection mechanism (4) for engagement/disengagement between the connector devices and turning ON/OFF the power supply circuit. The rotary connection mechanism (4) is configured such that, in the engagement/disengagement between the connector devices and the turning ON/OFF of the power supply circuit, the movable-side connector device (3) is made linearly movable along an engagement direction (P), and the movable-side connector device (3) is made rotatably movable in a direction (Q) around a rotation axis parallel to the engagement direction (P).
Foreign substance detecting circuit and electronic device including the same
Provided are a foreign substance detecting circuit, an electronic device including the foreign substance detecting circuit, and a method of detecting foreign substance. The electronic device includes a connector connected to an external cable and including a plurality of pins, a foreign substance detecting circuit configured to, when the cable is connected to the connector, detect a resistance from a first pin that is set to be in an open state or to be connected to a pull-down resistor from among the plurality of pins in a state where the cable is connected, and determine whether there is a foreign substance in the connector, and an application processor configured to control operations in the electronic device for performing a post-process when there is the foreign substance in the connector, according to a detection result from the foreign substance detecting circuit.
A cord-securing mechanism includes a base portion, an aperture, and a cord-securing portion coupled to the base portion. The cord-securing portion includes at least a pair of cord-retaining surfaces that oppose one another and are spaced apart by a cord-receiving slot. When used in combination with a cord, the cord-securing mechanism may assist with setting a position of the cord and with impeding the cord from returning to a default position.
A connector including a male housing and a female housing is provided. A beak portion of the male housing has a push-back surface provided on a front side of the male housing with a top portion of the beak portion as a boundary and inclined outward gradually toward a rear side of the male housing, and a pull-in surface provided on the rear side of the male housing with the portion of the beak portion as a boundary and inclined inward gradually toward the rear side of the male housing. When the locking claw of the locking arm of the fitting assurance member reaches a boundary between the locking projection of the male housing and the lock piece of the female housing, the pressing claw of the elastic arm in the fitting assurance member is disposed on the pull-in surface side over the top portion of the beak portion.
Electrical plug and adapter with retractable prongs
An electrical plug or power adapter is described which includes a housing and a plurality of retractable prongs forming at least one retractable prong set. The prongs of each prong set are rotatable simultaneously between a retracted position in which the prongs are positioned within the housing and a deployed position in which the prongs extend out of the housing to be inserted into an electrical outlet. The electrical plug or adapter includes at least one gear-based driving mechanism coupled to a corresponding retractable prong set for driving the simultaneous rotation of the prongs of the prong set. The gear-based driving mechanism includes a driver accessible from the housing for actuation of the corresponding gear-based driving mechanism.
Electrical connector with housing having a lance engaging a box terminal
In a terminal accommodating chamber provided in a housing of a connector, a terminal to which an electric wire is connected is accommodated. The terminal is held by the engagement between a locking face of a lance molded in a terminal accommodating chamber and a locking target face provided in a box portion of the terminal. The locking target face is provided in a front ceiling plate molded by notching a ceiling plate of the box portion in a width direction to reach a facing plate outer face. The locking face and the locking target face are engaged with each other within a range wider than a facing plate inner face width of the facing plate.
Mini-scale coaxial connector
A mini-scale coaxial connector includes a board end connector fixed on a PCB, and a cable end connector, with an overall thickness not over 0.8 mm; the board end connector including a frame member, a cramp ring, and an attachment member; the cable end connector connected with a cable and including a casing member and a mask member; the frame member including an engagement ring groove and a locking protrusion; the engagement ring groove disposed on the frame member; the locking protrusion disposed on two lateral sides of the frame member; the cramp ring formed in a semi-circular shape, with two ends thereof passing through the frame member with an axle; the cramp ring rotating about the axle; the cramp ring including an engagement position; the attachment member disposed on the cramp ring; the mask member and the casing member combined, with a cable terminal engaged therebetween.
A trigger switch includes a housing including a casing; a trigger coupled to the housing to be capable of approaching and separating from the housing; a contact mechanism; a first terminal extending from outside of the housing to the casing; and a second terminal extending from outside of the housing to the casing and including a plate surface facing a plate surface of the first terminal. A first wire connection portion capable of connecting a conductor portion of a first wire is provided to an end of the first terminal located outside of the housing in an extending direction of the first terminal, and a second wire connection portion capable of connecting a conductor portion of a second wire is provided to an end of the second terminal located outside of the housing in an extending direction of the second terminal.
Fuse clip and connector
A fuse clip comprising a pair of first springs configured to support a fuse having a cylindrical body part from a radially outer side and a pair of second springs disposed side by side with the first springs in an axial direction of the fuse and configured to elastically support the fuse from the radially outer side. The first springs are configured to elastically support the cylindrical body part at a point of intersection between a horizontal line segment passing through a center of the cylindrical body part and an outer circumferential surface of the cylindrical body part or at a position higher than the point of intersection. The second springs are configured to elastically support the cylindrical body part at a higher position with respect to the point of intersection than the first springs elastically support the cylindrical body part.
Connection adapter for electrical plug
In an aspect, a connection adapter is provided for connecting an earthing line to a metal protective hose, where the adapter includes an electrically conductive cylindrical body having an end face with an opening therein for passage of electrical conductors and the earthing line therethrough, and a receiving shoe connected to the end face, which is configured to seat the earthing line. The cylindrical body includes a plurality of inwardly facing tabs and is sized to fit over the metal protective hose. The tabs are configured to contact and slide over the metal protective hose so as to ensure an electrical connection is present between the metal protective hose and the earthing line.
Antenna feeding network comprising at least one holding element
An antenna feeding network for a multi radiator antenna is provided. The antenna feeding network comprises at least one coaxial line. Each coaxial line comprises a central inner conductor and an elongated outer conductor surrounding the central inner conductor, wherein at least one of the outer conductors of the coaxial lines is provided with an opening, wherein the antenna feeding network further comprises at least one nonconductive holding element configured to be placed in the opening. The holding element is configured to hold at least one of the inner conductors in position. The invention further relates to a multi radiator antenna comprising such an antenna feeding network, and to a method for providing an electrical connection in such an antenna feeding network.
Vivaldi notch waveguide antenna
An improved Vivaldi antenna enhances the performance over a 2:1 frequency band while occupying a compact format. Taking advantage of a common FR4 material printed circuit board construction, considered features are added which improve the operating bandwidth without adding additional cost. One such embodiment operates over an approximate frequency range of 400 to 900 MHz.
According to the present invention, provided is a communication apparatus including a radiation source (10) that radiates an electromagnetic wave, and a first phase control plate (11) that is disposed at a position of a distance L1 in a radio wave radiation direction from the radiation source (10). In the first phase control plate (11), a phase of a transmitted electromagnetic wave differs according to a distance from a representative point on the first phase control plate (11). The radiation source (10) is able to supply power up to a position separated from the representative point on the first phase control plate (11) by L1/2.
Antenna device and wireless communication device
An antenna device includes a ground plane having an edge side, a monopole antenna element that communicates in a first frequency, and that has a first feeding point, a first line that extends from the first feeding point in a direction away from the edge side of the ground plane, and a second line that is coupled to the first line and extends along the edge side, a plurality of dipole feeding elements that communicate at a second frequency higher than the first frequency, and are disposed, with respect to the ground plane, in positions that match the positions of the second line with respect to the ground plane, and a plurality of reflectors that reflect electromagnetic waves radiated by the plurality of feeding elements, and are disposed respectively in correspondence to the plurality of feeding elements between the ground plane and the plurality of feeding elements.
Radome having localized areas of reduced radio signal attenuation
A radome having localized areas of reduced radio signal attenuation includes a body having a first portion and a second portion. The first portion has a reduced radio signal attenuation property in a transmit band and a second portion has a reduced radio signal attenuation property in a reception band.
Multi system multi band antenna and antenna arrays assembly
A method and apparatus for transmitting RF signals is described. In one embodiment, the apparatus is evidenced by a multi-band antenna assembly. The multi-band antenna assembly comprises of a base portion, a blade antenna supporting omni-directional beam while the second one is an antenna array that has a directional beam. The top portion comprises a first surface facing away from the base portion, the first surface having an first antenna array including a plurality of first antenna elements; a second surface facing the base portion; and a peripheral surface on a periphery of the top portion and disposed between the first surface and the second surface, the peripheral surface comprising one or more further antenna arrays having a plurality of further antenna elements.
Electronic devices with millimeter wave antennas and metal housings
An electronic device may be provided with wireless circuitry. The wireless circuitry may include one or more antennas. The antennas may include millimeter wave antenna arrays. Non-millimeter-wave antennas such as cellular telephone antennas may have conductive structures separated by a dielectric gap. In a device with a metal housing, a plastic-filled slot may form the dielectric gap. The conductive structures may be slot antenna structures, inverted-F antenna structures such as an inverted-F antenna resonating element and a ground, or other antenna structures. The plastic-filled slot may serve as a millimeter wave antenna window. A millimeter wave antenna array may be mounted in alignment with the millimeter wave antenna window to transmit and receive signals through the window. Millimeter wave antenna windows may also be formed from air-filled openings in a metal housing such as audio port openings.
Non-contact test solution for antenna-on-package (AOP) devices using near-field coupled RF loopback paths
A radio frequency (RF) loopback substrate or printed circuit board (PCB) which contains receive and transmit antennas located on the bottom of the loopback substrate which are aligned with the complementary transmit and receive antennas on an antenna on package (AOP) device under test. The loopback substrate receive and transmit antennas are coupled to each other. The device under test contacts are driven by a conventional tester, which causes RF circuitry in the integrated circuit to drive an AOP transmit antenna. The corresponding loopback substrate receive antenna receives the RF signal from the AOP transmit antenna and provides it to the loopback substrate transmit antennas. The integrated circuit package AOP receive antennas then receive the RF signals from the loopback substrate transmit antennas. The signals at the integrated circuit package AOP receive antennas are monitored through the integrated circuit contacts to monitor the received RF signals.
Radio frequency antenna for short range communications
An antenna assembly includes a substrate, a first antenna having a first, second, third, fourth sections, which have different configuration respectively, and a first transmission cable, a second antenna having a fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth sections, which have different configuration respectively, and a second transmission cable. The first and fifth sections extend vertically from a surface of the substrate respectively. The second, third and fourth sections extend in parallel with the first section and extend from its next section. The sixth, seventh, eighth sections extend in parallel with the fifth section and extend from its next section. The first and second transmission cables physically and electrically are connected to the first and second antenna respectively. The second antenna is spaced away from the first antenna a selected distance. The first antenna is arranged having each of its sections extending perpendicular to each of its sections of the second antenna.
System and method for integration of an antenna element and front-end module co-located into a speaker chamber
An information handling system to wirelessly transmit and receive data may include a base chassis including a metal C-cover and a D-cover, the metal C-cover to house a speaker grill, the speaker grill covering a speaker to emit audio waves; a speaker grill platform antenna formed within the C-cover from a portion of the speaker grill to emit a target radio frequency (RF), including: a slot formed around the portion of the speaker grill to form a peninsula on the speaker grill that is physically separated from the C-cover; a cavity formed behind the peninsula between the C-cover and the D-cover, the cavity including walls formed around the back side of the peninsula to electrically isolate the cavity; a printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) including: an antenna front end circuit operatively coupled to the speaker grill to excite the speaker grill and dynamically switch frequencies based on the target frequency to be emitted by the speaker grill platform antenna; and a contact pin directly coupling an excitation signal to excite the speaker grill platform antenna.
Radiofrequency and other electronic devices formed from enhanced resonant frequency hexaferrite materials
Radiofrequency and other electronic devices can be formed from textured hexaferrite materials, such as Z-phase barium cobalt ferrite Ba3Co2Fe24O41 (Co2Z) having enhanced resonant frequency. The textured hexaferrite material can be formed by sintering fine grain hexaferrite powder at a lower temperature than conventional firing temperatures to inhibit reduction of iron. The textured hexaferrite material can be used in radiofrequency devices such as circulators or telecommunications systems.
RF phase shifter comprising a differential transmission line having overlapping sections with tunable dielectric material for phase shifting signals
A phase shifting device with a linear transmission line comprises a first electrode and a second electrode that are spaced at a distance from each other. A tunable dielectric material is arranged between the first electrode and the second electrode. The transmission line comprises several overlapping section. An overlapping area of the first electrode overlaps an overlapping area of the second electrode in order to provide a parallel plate capacitor area that affects the phase of an electromagnetic signal that propagates along the transmission line. The first electrode and the second electrode are electrically connected to a bias voltage source with bias electrodes which consist of a material with a lower electrical conductivity that that of the first and second electrode.
Battery pack and vehicle comprising battery pack
Disclosed is a battery pack, which includes a battery cell assembly having at least one battery cell; a pack casing having an input port and an output port provided at one side thereof so that a coolant flows in and out to cool the battery cell, the pack casing accommodating the battery cell assembly to fix and support the battery cell assembly; and a coolant supply and circulation unit connected to communicate with the input port and the output port to supply and circulate the coolant into the pack casing so that each battery cell is cooled in contact with the coolant.
Battery module and battery pack including same
A battery module includes: a battery cell stack having a plurality of battery cells stacked; a case configured to accommodate the battery cell stack; and a heat dissipation member inserted into the case and supported in contact with the battery cell stack.
Method and device for identifying master and slave battery packs
Embodiments of the present application provide a method and device for identifying a master and slave battery packs. The method includes a first battery pack obtaining, after it is connected to a battery cabinet, its identifier, and obtaining identifiers of other battery packs in the battery cabinet through a communication bus. The total number of the battery packs is N, where N is a positive integer. The method may sort the identifiers of the first battery pack and of the other battery pack to obtain a sorted result. The method may identify the master battery pack and slave battery packs among the first battery pack and the other battery packs according to the sorted result. Each of the battery packs connected to a battery cabinet may automatically identify the master battery pack and slave battery packs according to their identifiers, eliminating manual configuration by a user, and improving configuration efficiency.
Electrolyte and battery
The present disclosure relates to the field of energy storage materials, and particularly, to an electrolyte and a battery using the electrolyte. The electrolyte contains an additive selected from a group consisting of multi-cyano six-membered N-heterocyclic compounds represented by Formula I-1, Formula I-2 and Formula I-3, and combinations thereof. The addition of the multi-cyano six-membered N-heterocyclic compound as an additive in the electrolyte of the present disclosure can effectively passivate surface activity of the positive electrode material and inhibit oxidation of the electrolyte. The battery using the electrolyte according the present disclosure has good cycle performance at high temperature and high voltage and good storage performance, while gas production of the battery is reduced.
High-temperature lithium-ion battery electrolyte and production method thereof, and high-temperature lithium-ion battery
The present application provides a high-temperature lithium-ion battery electrolyte, including a lithium salt, an organic solvent, and a water removal additive. A structural formula of the water removal additive is shown as a formula (1): where R1 is a —NCH—(CH2)n—CN group, and 0
Electrode composite body, method of manufacturing electrode composite body, and lithium battery
An electrode composite body includes: an active material molded body including active material particles which include a lithium composite oxide and have a particle shape, and a communication hole that is provided between the active material particles; a first solid electrolyte layer that is provided on a surface of the active material molded body, and includes a first inorganic solid electrolyte; and a second solid electrolyte layer that is provided on the surface of the active material molded body, and includes a second inorganic solid electrolyte of which a composition is different from a composition of the first inorganic solid electrolyte, and which contains boron as a constituent element and is amorphous.
Modular enclosures for fuel cell stacks that allow for individual installation and replacement of a fuel cell stack in the field
A fuel cell system includes at least one modular enclosure having a top wall, a bottom wall, and a plurality of side walls that connect the top wall and the bottom wall and close off the modular enclosure on all sides; at least one fuel cell stack disposed within the at least one modular enclosure; at least one piping manifold configured to supply at least one process gas to the at least one fuel cell stack and to receive at least one exhaust process gas from the at least one fuel cell stack; and at least one process gas seal configured to seal the at least one piping manifold. The at least one process gas seal is effected via a static force from a weight of the at least one fuel cell stack or a weight of the at least one piping manifold.
Fuel cell stack and manufacturing method therefor
At least one separator of the two separators is formed of a press-formed plate having recesses and protrusions. Among portions of the recesses and protrusions, a portion coming toward the MEGA plate is designated as recessed portion, and a portion going apart from the MEGA plate is designated as protruded portion. The one separator has a first recessed portion bonded to the frame member, a first protruded portion contiguous to the first recessed portion, and a second recessed portion formed on one side of the first protruded portion opposed to the first recessed portion. The fuel cell stack is capable to take a tightened state in which a tightening load is imparted to the plurality of unit cells by the tightening member, and a non-tightened state in which no tightening load is imparted. The unit cells are so configured that the second recessed portion is in contact with the frame member in the tightened state, and the second recessed portion is out of contact with the frame member in the non-tightened state.
Humidifying device for fuel cell
A humidifying device, which exchanges moisture between air supplied from an air compressor and air exhausted from the fuel cell, for a fuel cell, includes: a housing main body; at least one humidifying membrane module disposed in the housing main body; and a valve assembly which is disposed in the housing main body and adjusts a supply amount of exhaust air flowed into the at least one humidifying membrane module based on a predetermined supply amount of supply air flowed into the at least one humidifying membrane module.