Tape feeder and component mounter
A tape feeder includes a magnet that rotates as one with a sprocket driven by a motor, two magnetic field detecting elements that detect signals in accordance with a magnetic field from the magnet and that are arranged at positions opposite the rotation region of the magnet, and a rotation angle detecting circuit that detects the rotation angle of the magnet and the rotation angle of the sprocket by processing output signals of the magnetic field detecting elements. A control section of the tape feeder reads the detection information of the rotation angle detecting circuit from immediately after the motor is started, recognizes the rotation angle of the sprocket, detects the position of tooth of the sprocket of the tooth engaged with a feeding hole of component supply tape based on the recognition results of the rotation angle of the sprocket for each pitch feeding operation of the sprocket, and corrects the pitch feeding amount of the motor by a pitch error correcting amount set for the tooth.
Display device and manufacturing method thereof
A display device and a method for manufacturing the display device are disclosed. An edge region of the display panel of the display device includes a first region in which an exposed connection line pattern is provided and a second region in which no connection line pattern is provided, and an electrostatic layer is attached to the edge region; wherein the electrostatic shielding layer comprises an insulating material region and a conductive material region, the insulating material region contacting the first region and the conductive material region contacting the second region.
Electronic device including shielding member connected to conductive plate covering opening of shield can
Provided is an electronic device including a printed circuit board (PCB) in which at least one electrical element is disposed; a shield can including a concave portion and an opening formed in part of the concave portion and configured to receive the at least one electrical element at an inside of the concave portion disposed on the PCB; a conductive plate configured to cover the opening at an outside of the concave portion; a support member disposed between the conductive plate and the outside of the concave portion; and a shielding member disposed between the support member and the outside of the concave portion and connected to at least part of the conductive plate extended in a direction of the opening from the support member and configured to cover the opening.
Vehicular traction inverter temperature control system
A vehicular system includes a pump, configured to circulate coolant for a traction inverter, and a controller. The controller may be configured to, responsive to each of a temperature of the traction inverter falling outside a first range or a requested flow rate of the pump falling outside a second range, operate the pump at a predefined speed, otherwise, operate the pump at a speed based on a difference between the temperature and a temperature associated with the coolant.
Cooling structure for electronic boards
A cooling structure for large electronic boards with closely-spaced heterogeneous die and packages is disclosed. The assembly includes a frame having a plurality of openings. The assembly further includes a cold plate mounted to the frame. The cold plate includes at least one inlet and at least one outlet and fluid channels in communication with the at least one inlet and the at least one outlet. The assembly further includes a heat sink mounted within each of the plurality of openings which in combination with sidewalls of the openings of the frame and the cold plate form individual compartments each of which are in fluid communication with the fluid channels.
Disclosed is a modular server that allows for the simple replacement of the system board, memory and key network components in a single system tray to form a system module. The system module is connected to a storage plane with hard drives through a mid-plane with power and data channels. The system module can be easily replaced or upgraded independently of the mid-plane and storage plane. This extends the life cycle of the server chassis and associated components such as hard drives and power module when upgrading, resulting in overall savings for the owner of this system.
Structural device cover
The description relates to devices that can include a hollow arm that has an open side and a cover engaging region around the open side. The cover engaging region defines a first width at the open side, a second width farther from the open side, and a third width that is farther from the open side than the first width and the second width. The device can also include an arm cover that includes an arm engaging region. The arm engaging region can define a fourth width at the open side, a fifth width farther from the open side, and a sixth width that is farther from the open side than the fourth width and the fifth width. The sixth width can be greater than the fifth width and the second width and less than the first width and the fourth width.
Display device and frame assembly
A display device includes a frame assembly, a display panel and a casing. The frame assembly includes a plate member and a frame body. A periphery of the plate member has a plurality of first connecting portions and a plurality of second connecting portions. A height difference exists between the first connecting portion and the second connecting portion. The first connecting portion has a first hole and the second connecting portion has a second hole. The frame body covers the periphery of the plate member. The frame body has a plurality of third connecting portions and a plurality of fourth connecting portions. The third connecting portion is embedded into the first hole and the fourth connecting portion is embedded into the second hole. The display panel is disposed on a first side of the frame assembly and the casing is disposed on a second side of the frame assembly.
Terminal and method for assembling collection module of terminal
A terminal and a method for assembling a collection circuit of a terminal. The collection circuit is attached to an inside of a metal supporting frame, and the metal supporting frame is attached to a rear housing of the terminal. In this way, the collection circuit does not need to be disposed on a battery cover, and is supported by the metal supporting frame. This resolves a problem that a press support failure occurs when the collection circuit is used. Moreover, attaching the collection circuit and the metal supporting frame to the rear housing belongs to level 2 appearance assembly. This resolves a problem in level 1 appearance assembly that a minor scratch on the battery cover may ruin a fingerprint recognition circuit. Assembly of the entire collection circuit is simple and cost effective.
Method of forming a laminate structure having a plated through-hole using a removable cover layer
A core or sub-composite structure is provided including a dielectric layer between a first conductive film and a second conductive film. The first conductive film may include a first peelable/removable cover layer formed on or coupled to a first conductive layer. The second conductive film may include a second peelable/removable cover layer formed on or coupled to a second conductive layer.
Wiring board manufacturing method and wiring board
A wiring board manufacturing method includes: forming a first groove structure in a first principal surface of a base by scanning with laser light in a first irradiation pattern such that the first groove structure has a first width; irradiating an inside of the first groove structure with laser light in a second irradiation pattern that is different from the first irradiation pattern to form recessed portions inside the first groove structure; and forming a first wiring pattern by filling the first groove structure with a first electrically-conductive material to form a first wiring pattern whose shape matches with a shape of the first groove structure in a top view.
Printed circuit board with embedded components for electronic device and method for making the same
A circuit board with embedded components includes an inner layer board, electronic component disposed in the inner layer circuit board, and third to sixth conductive circuit layers. The third and fourth conductive circuit layers are on opposite surfaces of the inner circuit board through first and second adhesive layers. The third conductive circuit layer and the fourth conductive circuit layer are electrically connected to the first conductive circuit layer and the second conductive circuit layer.
Panel-molded electronic assemblies
A method of encapsulating a panel of electronic components such as power converters reduces wasted printed circuit board area. The panel, which may include a plurality of components, may be cut into one or more individual pieces after encapsulation. The mold may be used to form part of the finished product, e.g. providing heat sink fins or a surface mount solderable surface. Interconnection features provided along boundaries of individual circuits are exposed during the singulation process providing electrical connections to the components without wasting valuable PCB surface area. The molds may include various internal features such as registration features accurately locating the circuit board within the mold cavity, interlocking contours for structural integrity of the singulated module, contours to match component shapes and sizes enhancing heat removal from internal components and reducing the required volume of encapsulant, clearance channels providing safety agency spacing and setbacks for the interconnects. Wide cuts may be made in the molds after encapsulation reducing thermal stresses and reducing the thickness of material to be cut during subsequent singulation. External mold features can include various fin configurations for heat sinks, flat surfaces for surface mounting or soldering, etc. Blank mold panels may be machined to provide some or all of the above features in an on-demand manufacturing system. Connection adapters may be provided to use the modules in vertical or horizontal mounting positions in connector, through-hole, surface-mount solder variations. The interconnects may be plated to provide a connectorized module that may be inserted into a mating connector. Reuseable plates may be used instead of the heat sink panels. Alternatively the panel may be encapsulated in and separated from a re-useable mold after curing.
Method for fabrication of a soft-matter printed circuit board
A fabrication process for soft-matter printed circuit boards is disclosed in which traces of liquid-phase Ga—In eutectic (eGaIn) are patterned with UV laser micromachining (UVLM). The terminals of the elastomer-sealed LM circuit connect to the surface mounted chips through vertically-aligned columns of eGaIn-coated ferromagnetic microspheres that are embedded within an interfacial elastomer layer.
Higher density multi-component and serial packages
A high density multi-component package is provided. The package has at least two electronic components wherein each electronic component comprises a first external termination and a second external termination. At least one first adhesive is between adjacent first external terminations of adjacent electronic components. At least one second adhesive is between the adjacent electronic component and at least two adjacent electronic components are connected serially. The first adhesive and second adhesive are independently selected from a high temperature conductive adhesive and a high temperature insulating adhesive.
Air-cooled heat exchanger and thermal arrangement for stacked electronics
A stacked electronic arrangement provides independent upgradability of active component boards and radiator boards, enabling quick changes in chip set and alternate polarizations, and includes: an active tile circuit card assembly (CCA); a passive radiator CCA; a tile frame; and a heat exchanger. The active tile CCA includes transmit/receive modules that accept, amply and transmit radar signals. The passive radiator CCA includes patch radiator plugins that receive and then radiate the amplified signal from the modules. The tile frame separates the active tile and the passive radiator CCAs. An elongated casing of the heat exchanger creates an accommodating space for air flow, and forms a first inlet, a second inlet, and a central exhaust plenum between the first and second inlets. High density tins are positioned within the accommodating space between the first and second inlets, and which have openings to the exhaust outlet.
Printed wiring board and method for manufacturing printed wiring board
A printed wiring board includes a main substrate and a rising substrate. A support portion of the rising substrate is inserted into a slit in the main substrate. In a direction in which a plurality of first electrodes are aligned, a width of each of the plurality of first electrodes is larger than a width of each of a plurality of second electrodes, and the width of each of the plurality of second electrodes is arranged to fit within the width of each of the plurality of first electrodes.
Differential transmission line formed on a wiring substrate and having a metal conductor ground layer, where a metal conductor removal block is formed in the ground layer at a location of curved sections of the differential transmission line
A differential transmission line and a wiring substrate are provided. The differential transmission line includes a ground layer, a dielectric layer, a first transmission line, and a second transmission line. The ground layer is formed of a metal conductor. The dielectric layer is disposed on the ground layer. The first transmission line and the second transmission line are disposed on the dielectric layer. A metal conductor removal block is distributed in at least a portion of at least one of a first projection area of the ground layer on which to project the first transmission line and a second projection area of the ground layer on which to project the second transmission line. A metal conductor is provided in a region between the first projection area and the second projection area of the ground layer.
Stripline transmission lines with cross-hatched pattern return plane, where the striplines do not overlap any intersections in the cross-hatched pattern
A circuit board transmission line structures has microstrip or stripline transmission line geometries and cross-hatch patterned return planes. The cross-hatch design structure of the return planes and the relative position of the cross-hatch pattern to the transmission lines are configured to increase the usable bandwidth of the transmission lines. By properly adjusting the size and shape of the cross-hatch pattern, the performance of the microstrip and stripline transmission lines can be largely restored to the performance where continuous, solid return planes are used.
Linear accelerator system for stable pulsing at multiple dose levels
A linac-based X-ray system for cargo scanning and imaging applications uses linac design, RF power control, beam current control, and beam current pulse duration control to provide stable sequences of pulses having different energy levels or different dose.
Device for determining spatially dependent x-ray flux degradation and photon spectral change
The invention relates to a device (10) for determining spatially dependent x-ray flux degradation and photon spectral change, a system (1) for determining spatially dependent x-ray flux degradation and photon spectral change for an x-ray tube (20), a method for spatially dependent x-ray flux degradation and photon spectral change for an x-ray tube (20), a computer program element for controlling such device (10) or system (1) for performing such method and a computer readable medium having stored such computer program element. The device (10) for determining spatially dependent x-ray flux degradation and photon spectral change comprises an acquisition unit (11), a processing unit (12), a calculation unit (13), and a combination unit (14). The acquisition unit (11) is configured to acquire x-ray flux degradation data for the x-ray tube (20). The processing unit (12) is configured to process the x-ray flux degradation data into spatially dependent flux degradation data. The calculation unit (13) is configured to calculate at least a photon spectral change of the x-ray tube (20) and to convert the photon spectral change into a spatially dependent spectrum. The combination unit (14) is configured to combine the spatially dependent flux degradation data and the spatially dependent spectrum.
Connected lighting system
Techniques are described for a lighting system in which light sources are controllable using signals sent over a wireless mesh network. During a commissioning process, a user interface (UI) may present a representation of nodes (e.g., light sources, sensors, controllers, etc.) that are broadcasting a wireless advertising signal. In response to a selection of a particular node, a wireless message may be sent to instruct the selected node to provide a visual indication of its presence, such as a flashing light. The visual indication may enable a user to discern the physical location of the node, such that each node may be added to the mesh network and, in some instances, to a group of nodes. The UI may also enable the definition of scenes, where each scene describes the brightness level or other operating characteristics of particular light source(s) and/or group(s) of light sources when the scene is active.
Device having data signal transmission over power line
A system includes a power source and a plurality of modules, where each module has a control for controlling a function of the module and a user input actuatable by a user. The plurality of modules are electrically connected in series with a power conductor electrically connected between each adjacent module, where the power source provides power to each module over the power conductor. In response to actuation by the user of the user input on a select module of the plurality of modules, the control of the select module generates a control signal that is transmitted to each other module over the power conductor, such that the control of each other module controls the associated function in the same manner as the select module.
Sensor hub apparatus and method for sensing ambient light and audio conditions
Apparatuses, methods and a storage medium associated with a sensor hub are disclosed herein. In embodiments, a sensor hub may include a body with a plurality of apertures disposed on the sensor hub body at substantially equal distances to each other, oriented towards a plurality of directions, and a plurality of sensors disposed inside the sensor hub body to interface respective apertures, to sense ambient conditions in the plurality of directions via the apertures. The sensor hub may further include one or more communication interfaces to transmit the sensor data or results from processing the sensor data to an external recipient. Other embodiments may be described and claimed.
Driver with open output protection
A load driver for driving a load and an LED module are disclosed. In one embodiment, the load driver comprises a converter circuit comprising a controllable switching element configured to be turned on and off and to perform power factor correction for power from a power supply to the load, wherein a control terminal of the controllable switching element is configured for receiving a startup current via the two output terminals, the controllable switching element configured to be turned on by the startup current. The converter circuit further comprises a first inductor, coupled to the power supply at a first end, and to ground at a second end via the controllable switching element, wherein a first one of the output terminals connects to a second end of the first inductor via a diode forwarded from the first inductor, a second one of the output terminals is coupled to the first end of the first inductor.
Lighting apparatus including light-emitting diodes
A lighting apparatus including an LED circuit including a plurality of serially connected stages configured to receive a modulated rectified voltage, each of the stages including a first path including a first resistor and a first LED connected in series, and a second path connected to the first path in parallel and including a second LED configured to emit light having a color temperature different from that emitted from the first LED, and a driving current controller configured to adjust an intensity of light output from the LED circuit by adjusting currents applied to driving nodes connected to the stages, depending on a dimming signal associated with a dimming level of the rectified voltage, in which a threshold voltage of the first LED is lower than that of the second LED.
Systems and methods for output current regulation in power conversion systems
Systems and methods are provided for regulating a power conversion system. An example system controller includes: a detection component configured to receive an input voltage related to a diode connected to an inductor and output a first signal at a first logic level in response to the input voltage being larger than a predetermined threshold, a control logic component configured to receive the first signal, process information associated with the first signal, and output a modulation signal related to a modulation frequency in response to the first signal being at the first logic level, and a driving component configured to receive the modulation signal and output a drive signal to open and close a first switch at the modulation frequency.
USB input device with luminous function
An input device includes a universal serial bus interface, a white light-emitting diode unit, a red light-emitting diode unit, a green light-emitting diode unit, a blue light-emitting diode unit and a driving part. The driving part receives electricity through the universal serial bus and drives at least one of the white light-emitting diode unit, the red light-emitting diode unit, the green light-emitting diode unit and the blue light-emitting diode unit to emit a light beam. Consequently, the light beam with a higher luminous intensity and a specified color is outputted from the input device.
N-color scalable LED driver
Light-emitting diode (LED) driver systems that are scalable and can be used for N-color LED systems are provided. An LED system having N LED strings of different color can be efficiently driven with independently controllable constant current sources for each string from a single power source. The driver system can include a power converter having an inductor.
Current adjustment circuit
The present disclosure provides a current adjustment circuit. The current adjustment circuit includes a lighting sub-circuit, a dimming switch disposed in the lighting sub-circuit, a switch control sub-circuit connected to the dimming switch and the lighting sub-circuit, and a time control sub-circuit connected to the switch control sub-circuit. Time of switch-off period in a switching cycle of the current adjustment circuit is adjusted under control of the time control sub-circuit and the switch control sub-circuit. Brightness of the current adjustment circuit is adjusted based on the output current of the current adjustment circuit. The present disclosure may reduce or even eliminate influence of factors such as circuit parasitic parameters on an LED light source, ensure consistency of each light source, and optimize display effect of the LED light source.
Load control device for a light-emitting diode light source
A load control device for controlling the intensity of a lighting load, such as a light-emitting diode (LED) light source, may include a power converter circuit operable to receive a rectified AC voltage and to generate a DC bus voltage, a load regulation circuit operable to receive the bus voltage and to control the magnitude of a load current conducted through the lighting load, and a control circuit operatively coupled to the load regulation circuit for pulse width modulating or pulse frequency modulating the load current to control the intensity of the lighting load to a target intensity. The control circuit may control the intensity of the lighting load by pulse width modulating the load current when the target intensity is above a predetermined threshold and control the intensity of the lighting load by pulse frequency modulating the load current when the target intensity is below the predetermined threshold.
DC-DC converter circuit configuration
Systems, devices and methods are described herein. A device includes a power stage circuit, a switch and a first circuit. The switch is electrically coupled to the power stage circuit. The first circuit is electrically coupled to the power stage circuit and the switch and has a single output. The first circuit is configured to provide a first circuit output voltage at the single output. The first circuit output voltage has a first level on a condition that the power stage circuit is conducting at a peak current level. The first circuit output voltage has a second level on a condition that the power stage circuit is not conducting.
RF oven control and interface
An oven may include a cooking chamber configured to receive a food product, a convective heating system configured to provide heated air into the cooking chamber, a radio frequency (RF) heating system configured to provide RF energy into the cooking chamber using solid state electronic components, and control electronics configured to control the convective heating system and the RF heating system. The control electronics may further control a user interface configured to define one or more control consoles. At least one of the control consoles may enable a user to select a cooking program. The user interface may further provide a single indicator showing a graphical representation of current progress relative to a representation of a full commitment of time to complete the selected cooking program. The single indicator may further provide a selectable operator that is operable to control progress toward completing the selected cooking program.
Method for heating a fluid circuit by supplying alternating current to a direct-current pump motor
A heating device intended to heat body, such as fluid contained in fluid circuit, the device including at least one electric heating element, as well as at least one control module to electrically power the heating element, the heating element being formed by propulsive winding circuit of direct-current electric motor which, when it is electrically powered by a direct supply voltage, generates drive force which tends to drive the motor in direction of displacement determined by the polarity of the supply voltage, and the control module including activation mode called heating oscillating mode, according to which the control module causes a warm-up of the propulsive winding circuit by Joule effect by applying at the terminals of the winding circuit an alternating supply voltage whose polarity switches, alternately and automatically, according to predetermined frequency called heating frequency, from a first polarity to opposite second polarity.
Electric cooktop appliance
A cooktop appliance is provided herein. The cooktop appliance may include a ceramic plate, an electric heating element, a temperature sensor, and a thermal conduction strip. The electric heating element may be positioned below the ceramic plate. The electric heating element may define a horizontal length from a center point projected on the ceramic plate. The temperature sensor may be positioned between the ceramic plate and the electric heating element relative to a vertical direction. The temperature sensor may be spaced apart from the ceramic plate and the electric heating element. The thermal-conduction strip may be attached to the temperature sensor. The thermal-conduction strip may extend in contact with a bottom surface of the ceramic plate between an inner tip proximal to the center point and an outer tip distal to the center point.
Infrared heater and infrared processing device
An infrared heater 10 includes a heating element 40 that emits infrared radiation when heated and that is capable of absorbing infrared radiation in a predetermined reflection wavelength range, and a filter unit 50 that is disposed so as to be separated by a first space 47, which is open to an outside space, from the heating element 40. The filter unit 50 includes one or more transmission layers (a first transmission layer 51) that transmit at least a part of the infrared radiation from the heating element 40, and a reflective section (the first transmission layer 51) that reflects infrared radiation in the reflection wavelength range toward the heating element 40.
Heating system for heating a living being
The invention relates to a heating system for heating a living being, for instance, a person (2) within a vehicle (1) being preferentially a hybrid car or an electric car. The heating system comprises an infrared laser system (5, 6) for illuminating the living being with infrared laser light, thereby heating the living being. Thus, heating radiation is used, which has a high collimation and which can be focused relatively easily. The heating can therefore be confined to a certain region, in which the living being is located. The heating can even be confined to the living being or to parts of the living being only. This more focused heating allows for a reduction of the energy consumption.
Techniques for securing PDCP control PDU
Techniques are described herein to secure a packet data convergence protocol (PDCP) control protocol data unit (PDU). A base station may determine a security configuration for a PDCP control PDU based on various factors including the content of the PDCP control PDU. For example, the security configuration of the PDCP control PDU may be applied because the PDCP control PDU includes a retransmission request. A counter dedicated to PDCP control PDUs may be initialized. The security protocols may be based on the dedicated counter. Some types of security parameters may be shared in some contexts such as in handover procedures or dual connectivity procedures. For example, security configurations associated with a second communication link may be based on security configurations associated with a first communication link. PDCP control PDUs may be secured based on the security configurations, the security parameters, protection keys, or combinations thereof.
Apparatus and method for monitoring D2D transmission in connected state
A method and an apparatus for monitoring device-to-device (D2D) transmission in a connected state in a communication system supportive of a D2D scheme are provided. The method includes monitoring, by a D2D user equipment (UE), a D2D transmission during a D2D resource cycle and a discontinuous reception (DRX) cycle in a radio resource control (RRC) state, transmitting an indication including a capability of the UE to a base station, and reestablishing an RRC connection from the base station, wherein the D2D resource cycle and the DRX cycle are configured not to overlap each other based on the indication.
Device and display device having attached mode and detached mode
A computing system includes a base processing device, as well as a display device having a screen. In an attached mode, the base processing device is mechanically attached to the base processing device, and is to display a user interface on the display device using a mechanical data connection between the base processing device and the display device. In a detached mode, the base processing device is mechanically detached from the display device, and is to render the user interface and transmit the rendered user interface to the display device over a wireless data connection between the base processing device and the display device. The display device is to receive and responsively display the rendered user interface.
Establishing simultaneous radio connection between a user equipment and two eNodeBs
A first radio station (1) requests or instructs a second radio station (2) to prepare for communication with a radio terminal (3) on a second cell (20) while a first radio connection on a first cell (10) with the radio terminal (3) is established. Further, the first radio station (1) instructs the radio terminal (3) or the second radio station (2) to establish a second radio connection on the second cell (20) with the radio terminal (3) while maintaining the radio connection on the first cell (10) with the radio terminal (3). It is thus for example possible to enable a single radio terminal to establish radio connections with cells of a plurality of radio stations, in order to achieve carrier aggregation of cells operated by different radio stations.
Method for transmitting and receiving data in wireless communication system and apparatus for supporting same
The present invention relates to a method and an apparatus for transmitting and receiving, by a terminal, data in a wireless communication system. The present invention may provide a method and an apparatus which receive, from a base station, a system information block comprising backoff information for an arbitrary connection procedure; select an arbitrary backoff time between a first minimum backoff time and a first maximum backoff time; transmit, to the base station, a preamble for any connection after the selected arbitrary backoff time has elapsed; receive a response message comprising resource information for transmitting data, in response to the preamble; and transmit, to the base station, the data on the basis of the resource information.
Systems and methods for Wi-Fi latency reduction in DOCSIS backhaul
A wireless communication node includes a receiving portion configured to detect, over a wireless communication channel, a request to send (RTS) message from a transmitting station within a communication vicinity of the wireless communication node. The RTS message includes at least one duration field. The wireless communication node further includes a processor configured to (i) calculate an estimated time parameter, (ii) add the estimated time parameter to a current timestamp of the wireless communication node, and (iii) form a control packet from the RTS message, the at least one duration field, and the estimated time parameter. The wireless communication node further includes a transmitting portion configured to transmit over the wireless communication channel (i) a clear to send (CTS) message the transmitting station, and (ii) the control packet to a modem in operable communication with the wireless communication channel.
Method and system for OFDMA random access
Some embodiments are directed to grouping electronic devices into contention groups to reduce uplink Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) random access (OFDMA-RA) collisions. An access point may explicitly assign an electronic device to a contention group, or the electronic device may implicitly determine an assignment to the contention group. To explicitly assign a device to a contention group, the access point may randomly assign or assign based on a criteria of the electronic device. Examples of criteria include an association identifier (AID), a traffic type/quality of service (QoS) category, a power saving preference, and an association status. The electronic device may implicitly determine a contention group assignment based on the total number of contention groups. The electronic device may use the explicitly or implicitly assigned contention group number to determine whether the electronic device may contend for a given trigger frame random access (TF-R) frame.
Multiple transmission time interval coexistence
Methods, systems, and devices for wireless communication are described. Different transmission time interval (TTI) durations may be supported and configured to coexist with one another. A set of TTIs with a relatively short duration may overlap in time with longer duration TTIs. Boundaries of TTIs with a relatively short duration may be configured to align with boundaries of relatively longer duration TTIs. For example, TTIs that are a Long Term Evolution (LTE) subframe, an LTE slot, and a duration of two LTE symbol periods may be supported. Two-symbol period TTIs may align with or be embedded within slot-duration TTIs, which, in turn, may align with or be embedded within a subframe. In some examples, one or more symbol periods of a subframe may be designated as a gap between two-symbol TTIs within the subframe, or such symbols may be merged with a two-symbol TTI within the subframe.
Signal processing method for low-cost device, and apparatus for same
A method of receiving a downlink signal by a user equipment in a wireless communication system is discussed. The method includes receiving a plurality of scheduling information, each scheduling information being associated with a respective data in a same time unit, and receiving at least one of a plurality of the respective data based on whether sizes of the first and second data are under a processing capability of the user equipment, wherein the processing capability of the user equipment includes two maximum data sizes, and a first maximum data size T1 is smaller than a second maximum data size T2.
Method for allowing wireless resource to be allocated in wireless communication system, and device therefor
A method for allowing a wireless resource to be allocated in a wireless communication system, and a device therefor are disclosed. Particularly, a method by which a terminal allows a wireless resource to be allocated in a wireless communication system can comprise the steps of: receiving, from a base station, one or more pieces of semi-persistent scheduling (SPS) configuration information comprising semi-persistent resource allocation information; receiving, from the base station, an SPS activation on specific SPS configuration information among the one or more pieces of SPS configuration information; allowing a specific SPS resource to be allocated on the basis of the specific SPS configuration information; and reporting, to the base station, information indicating a transmission state of the one or more pieces of SPS configuration information when a transmission of an SPS message using the specific SPS resource is stopped.
Post-puncture indication for mobile broadband and low latency communication multiplexing
Methods, systems, and devices for wireless communication are described. Some wireless communications systems support mobile broadband (MBB) communications and low latency communications. To accommodate low latency communications, a base station may identify resources allocated for MBB communications, and the base station may reassign (or puncture) these resources for low latency communications. The base station may transmit an indication of the reassigned (or punctured) resources to one or more user equipment (UEs). The base station may transmit an indication of the reassigned resources in a transmission time interval (TTI) that is subsequent to a TTI reassigned (or punctured) for low latency communications (e.g., a post indication). The base station may transmit the post indication in a retransmission grant of a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) or in downlink control information (DCI) of a PDCCH.
Mobile core network service exposure for the user equipment
A Service Capability Exposure Function for a UE (U-SCEF) may be part of the UE's operating system (OS) and expose API's to applications that allow these applications to schedule data plane communications such as periodic sensor measurements or a firmware download. The U-SCEF communicates with an EPC Interworking Service that resides in the mobile network operator's (S)Gi-LAN. The EPC Interworking Service serves as an interface between the U-SCEF and the service capabilities that are exposed by the MNO via the SCEF. The U-SCEF may provide the EPC Interworking Service with information about the UE's anticipated communication schedule and mobility status. The EPC Interworking Service uses the services that are exposed by the SCEF to determine the optimal times for the UE to communicate, an optimal mobility management configuration, etc. The EPC Interworking Service negotiates a communication schedule with the EPC (SCEF) and policies on behalf of the UE (U-SCEF).
Orthogonality and encapsulation for positioning and navigation signals
Mobile devices often use orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) to calculate position information of mobile devices within the network. However, physical distance between the mobile device and a signal source for positioning and other environmental factors can influence the signal strength of received signals. Received signals at the mobile device that are stronger may drown out the weaker signals, particularly when two signal sources occupy the same symbol. In traditional OFDM, a signal source transmits the same symbol for each positioning occasion, so a weaker signal may never be detected over a stronger signal, reducing the accuracy of the positioning calculations. Described herein are systems and methods for using a pattern to vary the designated symbol for each signal source in a wireless network so that a weaker signal from a signal source may be detected on at least some of the positioning occasions.
Restricted frequency band interference cancellation
A method and apparatus is disclosed by which a device in a wireless network may determine and reduce interference when using channels in restricted frequency bands and when other networks may be transmitting in the same restricted frequency. The wireless network may be a Wi-Fi system utilizing channels/frequencies in the television white space. Receivers, such as a client device and access point (AP), may determine information on one or more interfering signals and utilize the information to reduce or cancel the interference caused by the interfering signals generated by a second network. The information may be parameters or information on the structure of the interfering signal, and may be determined by retrieving stored cache information, receiving information on a beacon signal or sampling an interfering signal. The interference cancellation may be performed by joint demodulation or parallel interference cancellation.
Vehicle terminal and operation method thereof
Disclosed is a method for identifying a network resource to be allocated to at least one application in a scheduled driving route based on information on a communication state of the scheduled driving route and Quality of Service (QoS) requirement for the at least one application, and a vehicle terminal for the same. In the present disclosure, one or more of a vehicle, a vehicle terminal, and an autonomous vehicle may be associated with an artificial intelligence (AI) module, an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), a robot, an augmented reality (AR) device, a virtual reality (VR) device, a 5G service device, etc.
Battery-backed RAM for wearable devices
In embodiments of battery-backed RAM for wearable devices, a mobile device, such as a mobile phone, tablet computer, or other portable device is implemented for wireless connection with a wearable device, such as a smartwatch, exercise tracking device, glasses device, or other wearable device that implements computing technology. The wearable device can store data in battery-backed RAM in the wearable device, and the mobile device can back-up the data with battery-backed RAM in the mobile device when the data is received from the wearable device. A wireless connection can be established for wireless data communication between the wearable device and the mobile device. A data manager can detect a low battery condition of the wearable device, which initiates the data being transferred from the wearable device to the mobile device via the wireless connection.
Techniques and apparatuses for using a downlink assignment index in new radio
Various aspects of the present disclosure generally relate to wireless communication. In some aspects, a user equipment (UE) may receive an uplink grant that includes multiple total downlink assignment indexes (DAIs) corresponding to multiple DAI groups associated with the UE, wherein each of the multiple DAI groups is associated with a different set of component carriers used by the UE for carrier aggregation; and transmit (ACK/NACK) feedback for the multiple DAI groups based at least in part on the multiple total DAIs included in the uplink grant. In some aspects, a base station may determine multiple total DAIs corresponding to multiple DAI groups associated with a UE, wherein each of the multiple DAI groups is associated with a different set of component carriers used by the UE for carrier aggregation; and transmit the multiple total DAIs to the UE in an uplink grant. Numerous other aspects are provided.
Frame structure coordination in wireless communication systems with integrated access and backhaul links in advanced networks
Facilitating frame structure coordination in wireless communication systems with integrated access and backhaul links in advanced networks (e.g., 4G, 5G, and beyond) is provided herein. Operations of a system can comprise facilitating a first configuration of a first group of flexible symbols and facilitating a second configuration of a first pattern defined for an uplink transmission. Further, the operations can comprise facilitating a third configuration of a second pattern defined for a downlink transmission and facilitating a fourth configuration of a second group of flexible symbols. Flexible symbols can be symbols within a slot that are not defined as uplink symbols or downlink symbols.
Method and apparatus for sending and receiving downlink control information
A user equipment, UE, is configured to receive downlink control information, DCI, transmitted to the UE by a primary cell in a wireless communication system. The UE comprises one or more processing circuits that shall assume that a DCI message which has a common payload size and the same first control channel element index, but different bit fields, in a common search space and a UE-specific search space is transmitted by the primary cell in the common search space or the UE-specific search space, based on radio resource control, RRC, configuration of the UE.
Method for determining network standard in wireless communications network, access point device, terminal device, and radio network controller
The method includes: receiving, by an access point device, at least one network standard configuration request message sent by at least one terminal device, where the at least one network standard configuration request message indicates a network standard that needs to be used by the at least one terminal device; determining, by the access point device according to the network standard configuration request message sent by the at least one terminal device, a same network standard that needs to be used by all or some of the at least one terminal device, as a target network standard; and sending, by the access point device, a network standard trigger message to the all or some of the at least one terminal device, where the network standard trigger message indicates the target network standard configured by the access point device.
Techniques for communicating feedback in low latency wireless communications
Various aspects described herein relate to communicating uplink control information (UCI) in low-latency communications. A resource assignment is received from an access point to transmit over a first symbol and a second symbol that comprise a first TTI, wherein the resource assignment includes, at least for the first symbol, an indication of one or more consecutive frequency resources in a system bandwidth based on a decimation factor. A reference signal is transmitted in the first TTI over the first symbol and a data signal indicating UCI over the second symbol according to the resource assignment.
Method and user equipment for requesting common information from an access node
Disclosed are a data transmission method, device, and system, which are used for resolving the problem of large overhead if an existing manner of sending a public message periodically is used in an ultra-dense network. The method comprises: user equipment sends an uplink request message, the uplink request message being used for requesting for obtaining public information of a first access node in an area in which the user equipment is located; and the user equipment receives the public information sent by the first access node. Because an access node in an area in which user equipment is located does not need to broadcast and send public information periodically, the access node can send, based on an uplink request of the user equipment, the public information, thereby improving the resource utilization and reducing the energy consumption.
Detecting the number of transmit antennas in a base station
Data is scrambled at a transmitter according to one of a number of predetermined scrambling sequences which are associated with a particular one of a number of predetermined transmit antenna diversity schemes (i.e., a specific number of transmit antenna ports). Received data is decoded using one or more of the known transmit antenna diversity schemes and the scrambled data is descrambled according to a corresponding descrambling sequence (related to the scrambling sequence). Based on the descrambled data, the receiver determines which transmit antenna diversity scheme (i.e., the number of antenna ports) is used by the transmitter. In one specific embodiment, CRC parity data is scrambled in the transmitter and the receiver descrambles the recovered CRC parity data according to a descrambling sequence, computes CRC parity data from the received data, and compares the descrambled CRC parity data to the newly computed CRC parity data.
Method and apparatus for receiving multimedia broadcast/multicast service in mobile communication system
An MBMS service reception method and an apparatus are provided for facilitating reception of Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (MBMS) provided in the Long Term Evolution (LTE) system. The method for receiving MBMS in a radio communication system includes receiving User Service Description (USD) information including time information of the MBMS in a connected mode, determining whether a session of the MBMS has started based on the time information, and receiving, when the MBMS session has started, MBMS data of the MBMS session. The MBMS service reception method and apparatus of the present invention facilitates receiving the MBMS service.
Method for performing paging-related operation of second UE having connection with first UE in wireless communication system, and apparatus therefor
One embodiment of the present invention provides a method for performing a paging-related operation by a base station of a second user equipment (UE) having connection with a first UE in a wireless communication system, the method comprising the steps of: receiving a paging message for the second UE from a second MME by the base station; and when the second UE is in a radio resource control (RRC)-connected state while being in a core network (CN)-idle state, transmitting a message, including information related to a connection state of the second UE, as a response to the paging message to the second MME by the base station.
Enhanced paging for low cost (LC) machine type communication (MTC) UEs
Methods and apparatus are provided for paging enhancement for LC-MTC devices. In one novel aspect, a new paging message is used. In one embodiment, a new system information (M-SI)-paging is provided either carrying a bitmap or being generated from specific M-P1-RNTI sequences to indicate the modified SI messages. In another embodiment, a new RRC-paging is used through a UE-specific message, a multicast message, or a broadcast message to inform a UE to establish a RRC connection. The new paging message is either a sequence or an encoded data packet transmitted without control information, or scheduled by M-PDCCH. In another novel aspect, the new paging message is transmitted within one or more cells by a broadcast mechanism to achieve a maximal CE level the one or more cells support, or a multi-cast mechanism to support a specified CE level range, or a unicast mechanism to support a CE level.
Method and device in UE, base station and service center
A method and device for a user equipment, a base station and a service center is disclosed; the UE transmits first information, then receives X1 first signals and transmits a first measurement report; first information is used to determine X1 first antenna port(s); first measurement report includes K1 piece(s) of measurement information, and each of K1 piece(s) of measurement information is for one of X1 first signals; measurement information is used to determine at least the first two of the corresponding set of time length, first antenna port, or first angle; By designing first information and first measurement report, feedback information of beam selection is used to determine generation and transmission of positioning reference signal under the condition of the base station and the UE supporting beamforming, utilizing beamforming has strong directional characteristics to improve the accuracy of UE positioning.
Contention free physical uplink shared control channel (PUSCH) transmission using listen before talk
Technology for contention free physical uplink shared control channel (PUSCH) transmission using listen before talk procedure is disclosed. In an example, an apparatus of a user equipment (UE) having circuitry configured to achieves low latency synchronization with an anchor enhanced Node (eNB) by sensing for a predetermined time period if any physical uplink shared channels (PUSCH) are idle with the anchor eNB for uplink (UL) synchronization; providing a unique UE identification in a PUSCH transmission; and communicating the PUSCH transmission in one of the idle PUSCH channels for contention free communication with the anchor eNB for uplink synchronization.
Intermodulation limiting on multiple transmitter device
A communication device, method, and computer program product provide communication quality mitigation in response to an intermodulation product resulting from concurrent transmission by first and second transmitters of a communication device. A controller is communicatively coupled to the first and second transmitters and executes an intermodulation mitigation utility that enables the communication device to monitor transmission characteristics of first and second transmitters of the communication device. The controller determines whether concurrent transmissions by the first and second transmitters create an intermodulation product having a power level at one or more frequencies that exceeds an intermodulation threshold for at least one of: (i) spurious emissions to a thirty-party receiver; and (ii) desensing a receiver of the communication device. Controller enables communication device to perform reduced transmit power mode that reduces the power level of the intermodulation product to not exceed the intermodulation threshold and performs communication quality mitigation.
Apparatus and method for transmission of uplink sounding reference signals in a wireless network
A mobile station for use in a wireless network that operates according to the Long-Term Evolution Advanced (LTE-A) standard is configured to transmit an aperiodic sounding reference signal (SRS) to a base station in response to a triggering grant received from the base station. The bandwidth on which the mobile station transmits the aperiodic SRS depends on a type of the triggering grant. The type of the triggering grant is one of a downlink grant, an uplink multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) grant, and an uplink single-input, multiple-output (SIMO) grant.
Uplink interference avoidance under closed loop power control conditions
Various embodiments disclosed herein provide for facilitating uplink interference avoidance. According an embodiment, a system can comprise receiving a request to adjust an uplink power limit of a first communication device that is generating an uplink interference above a threshold and a power adjustment value employable to adjust the uplink power limit of the first communication device. The system can further facilitate identifying a packet flow in an uplink communication with the first communication device, wherein use of the packet flow results in generating of the uplink interference above the threshold. The system can further facilitate determining whether the uplink power limit of the first communication device is able to be adjusted based on a quality of service allocated to the packet flow. The system can further facilitate transmitting a message to update the uplink power limit of the first communication device using the power adjustment value.
Electronic devices for receiving pushed data
Mobile devices such as cellular telephones are provided that communicate with wireless networks. Cellular telephone network equipment may communicate with a cellular telephone over a data connection. The cellular telephone may have an internet protocol (IP) address that allows data to be provided to the cellular telephone over the data connection. To conserve resources and release unused IP addresses, the cellular telephone network equipment may deactivate inactive data connections after a period of inactivity. A baseband processor within a mobile device may periodically send User Datagram Protocol (UDP) keep-alive packets over the data connection to ensure that the data connection remains active. The keep-alive packets may be directed to a packet sink server or may be associated with a black hole route. An applications processor in the telephone may remain in sleep mode during keep-alive packet transmission to conserve power.
Wireless receiver with field capture for beacon frames
A wireless receiver powers up shortly before the expected arrival of a beacon frame, and upon detection of a beacon frame from an access point the station is associated with and determination of subsequent fields of interest, including at least a TIM field, the receiver powers down. At the previously identified fields of interest, the receiver powers up and uses previously stored values to continue packet demodulation, thereafter examining the TIM field to determine whether the AP has packets to transmit to the station.
Method and mobile terminal for performing random access
A random access procedure between a mobile terminal and a network is performed based upon the characteristics of a RACH preamble transmitted by the terminal. A first type of random access preamble is selectable by the terminal from a set of random access preambles, and a second type of random access preamble is directly allocated to the terminal by the network. The network responds with a random access response. The terminal performs a discontinuous reception (DRX) operation that allows it to monitor a downlink control channel discontinuously. The DRX operation includes an active time period during which the terminal monitors the control channel after successful reception of the random access response for the second type of random access preamble until a transmission from the network addressed to a Cell-Radio Network Temporary Identifier (C-RNTI) associated with the terminal is received.
Coordinating communications between nodes having asynchronous time slot schedules
A wireless mesh network includes a child node coupled to a parent node. The parent node transmits time sync beacons that indicate a time slot number and a start time for a current time slot. The child node receives the time sync beacons and determines a delta between the current time slot number of the child node and the current time slot number of the parent node. The child node also computes an offset between a start time of the current slot of the child node and the start time of the current slot of the parent node. The child node reports the delta and the offset to the parent node. Based on the delta and the offset, the parent node determines when, and on what channel, the child node is predicted to be receiving transmissions, and then schedules transmissions to the child node accordingly.
Optimized channel selection for virtual access point (VAP) enabled networks
In one embodiment, a supervisory device in a network forms a virtual access point (VAP) for a node in the network. A plurality of access points (APs) in the network are mapped to the VAP as part of a VAP mapping and the node treats the APs in the VAP mapping as a single AP for purposes of communicating with the network. The supervisory device determines a traffic type of traffic associated with the node. The supervisory device assigns the node to a selected wireless channel based in part on the traffic type of the traffic associated with the node. The supervisory device controls the VAP to use the channel assigned to the node.
Access control in communications network comprising slices
The present invention relates to a method for operating a mobile entity (100, 400) in a mobile communications network (50) which comprises at least one slice (51, 53), comprising the steps of: —determining to which slice of the mobile communication the mobile entity (100, 400) intends to connect, —determining whether a relationship can be identified in the mobile entity (100) via which the slice to which the mobile entity intends to connect, is related to an access point of the determined slice, wherein when the relationship is found in the mobile entity: —transmitting a request message to a radio access network of the mobile communications network including the identified relationship.
Method and apparatus for multi-sim selection
A mobile transceiver having multiple subscriber identity module (SIM) cards and a method of selection is provided. In accordance with one embodiment, there is provided a method of operating a mobile transceiver, comprising: waking up the mobile transceiver from a low power mode; selecting a first subscriber identity module (SIM) card from a plurality of SIM cards; activating a cellular transceiver using the first SIM card; searching, via the cellular transceiver, for available wireless services associated with the first SIM card; and switching from the first SIM card to a second SIM card in the plurality of SIM cards when a wireless service for the first SIM card is not available.
Notification and trigger for service layers and applications in a small cell network
In current approaches to M2M architectures, no interworking application programming interfaces (API's) are exposed to the service layers that are in the local network. Thus, a service layer might not able to make various requests including, for example, that devices be triggered, that the service layer receive notifications when devices are connected to the network, and that the service layer receive notifications when devices are no longer connected to the network. Described herein is a small cell architecture that provides an interworking interface to applications and service layers that reside in the local small cell network. For example, a small cell or eNB may send a notification, for example to a Local Security Capability Exposure Function (L-SCEF) or a core network function, when a UE attaches to or disconnects from a local network.
Validity time of system information in a wireless communication system
A user equipment (14) is configured for use in a wireless communication system (10). The user equipment (14) is configured to receive system information (16) and a value tag (18) indicating a version of the system information (16). The value tag (18) is associated with a validity time period (20) for which the version of the system information (16) is deemed valid. The value tag (18) is one of multiple different possible value tags. At least two of the different possible value tags are respectively associated with different possible validity time periods.
Optimized broadcasting of system information messages
The present disclosure relates to a network node, a network control node, a wireless device and corresponding methods for optimized broadcasting of system information messages in a wireless network. The disclosure proposes a method, performed in a wireless device, of assessing system information perception capability in a wireless network that is arranged to broadcast system information on at least two frequency carriers. The method comprises receiving (S10) broadcasted system information on the at least two frequency carriers. The method also comprises determining (S12), using the received broadcasted system information, frequency carrier identity correlated information for each of the at least two frequency carriers. The method further comprises reporting (S14) receipt of the broadcasted system information on the at least two frequency carriers, wherein the report includes the frequency carrier identity correlated information.
Enhanced indication of network support of SRVCC and/or voice-over-IMS for an user equipment in an EPS network
Embodiments of the present invention include a method for enhanced indication of network support of SRVCC and/or Voice-over-IMS for an User Equipment UE in an Evolved Packet System EPS network, said method comprising at least one step based on taking into account support of SRVCC and/or Voice-over-IMS by Radio Access Network RAN nodes and/or by Radio Access Technologies RATs available for SRVCC for said UE in said EPS network.
Communication method, access network device, and core network device
Embodiments of the present invention disclose a communication method, an access network device, and a core network device. The method includes: sending, by a source access network device, to a core network device a handover message for a handover of one or more sessions of a terminal device from the source access network device to a target access network device, wherein the handover message comprises information about the target access network device and identifier information of the one or more sessions; and sending, by the core network device, a response message of the handover message to the source access network device, wherein the response message of the handover message comprises indication information indicating a reason that a session of the one or more sessions is not accepted, wherein the reason is associated with a slice corresponding to the session.
Cognitive analysis of temporal obstructions
A method, system and computer program product includes receiving information related to a temporal obstruction located within a first small cell of a network, analyzing the information related to the temporal obstruction, determining a change in a range of the first small cell caused by the temporal obstruction, and sending a notification related to the change in the range of the first small cell caused by the temporal obstruction.
Method and apparatus for performing handover
Provided are a method for performing a handover by a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, and an apparatus supporting the same. The method may include: receiving information on candidate target cells for the handover and a handover condition, from a base station; initiating a handover to a first target cell among the candidate target cells, based on the handover condition; before detecting a failure of the handover to the first target cell, when channel quality of a second target cell among the candidate target cells is higher than channel quality of the first target cell, stopping the handover to the first target cell; and performing a handover to the second target cell.
Base station and data transfer method
A base station in a master cell group configured to establish a bearer to a mobile station together with a base station in a secondary cell group for communication includes a data transfer instruction unit configured to transmit to the base station in the secondary cell group an instruction on whether to transfer downlink data in the base station in the secondary cell group to the base station in the master cell group upon deletion or modification of the secondary cell group or upon deletion of the bearer in the secondary cell group; a reception unit configured to receive the downlink data transferred from the base station in the secondary cell group according to the instruction; and a transmission unit configured to transmit the received downlink data to the mobile station.
Geographically-organized neighbor cell lists
Communication network techniques may use geographic information to reduce a number of neighboring cell measurements to be taken. Such techniques may be useful, for example, in cell reselection.
Radio link failure information for PDCP duplication
Systems, apparatuses, and methods are described for wireless communications. Devices may exchange information regarding a radio link failure and/or a handover. The information may comprise a radio link failure report which may comprise an indication of packet duplication.
Controlling fallback procedures for different user groups or device groups
A user equipment (UE) and an Internet Protocol (IP) Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) node may exchange fallback indicators in SIP signaling for purposes of controlling fallback procedures implemented by the UE. The SIP signaling may include a SIP request from the UE that includes first information. The IMS node can evaluate a criterion based on the first information, and, if the criterion is met, the IMS node may authorize (or prohibit) the use of a UE-supported fallback radio access technology (RAT) that corresponds to a fallback indicator also included in the SIP request. Based on the evaluation of the criterion, the IMS node may respond to the UE with a SIP response that includes second information indicating which of the supported Fallback RATs the UE is authorized to use (if any), and which of the supported Fallback RATs the UE is not authorized to use (if any).
SMF and AMF relocation during UE registration
A target AMF receives a first message requesting a handover of a wireless device from a source AMF. The first message comprises: parameter(s) of an SMF, and second PDU session identifier(s) identifying second PDU session(s) established between a UPF and the wireless device. The target AMF selects a target SMF different from the source SMF. The target AMF sends a second message to the target SMF requesting creation of first PDU session(s) between the UPF and the wireless device. The second message comprises first PDU session identifier(s) identifying the first PDU session(s). The target SMF sends a third message to the UPF requesting establishment of a user plane session for first PDU session(s). The third message comprises an indication that the source SMF is relocated. The target SMF receives a fourth message from the UPF confirming the establishment of the user plane session.
Call preservation on handover
In an example, a wireless communication system and apparatuses thereof are described. In an example long-term evolution (LTE) network, a first base station hands over a connection to a second base station. The first base station may be a (femto) home eNodeB (HeNB) or (macro) eNodeB. The second base station may also be a HeNB or eNodeB connected to a different gateway. The first base station may send “Handover Request” on an X2 connection, identifying the gateway that the second base station is connected to as the correct gateway. After sending a “Handover Request Acknowledgement,” the second base station correctly establishes a tunnel to a connected gateway device.
Radio communication device and radio communication method
A radio communication device is disclosed that transmits and receives protocol data units in a packet data convergence protocol layer located above a radio link control layer. The radio communication device includes a processor that generates a status report indicating reception status of the protocol data units in the packet data convergence protocol layer and a transmitter that transmits the status report in the packet data convergence protocol layer to a destination radio communication device. If a size of a protocol data unit that includes the status report exceeds a predetermined threshold, the processor sets the size of the protocol data unit to the predetermined threshold and the transmitter transmits the protocol data unit having the set size to the destination radio communication device.
Method and device for adaptively controlling traffic in a mobile network
A device receive property data associated with a coverage area of a mobile network, wherein the property data includes identification information and location information associated with the coverage area; receive load data associated with the coverage area; determine a load threshold associated with the coverage area; determine whether the load data satisfies the load threshold; identify, based on determining that the load data satisfies the load threshold, impacted user equipment associated with the coverage area, wherein the impacted user equipment is further identified based on the property data; identify an application network device associated with the coverage area and the impacted user equipment, wherein the application network device is further identified based on the property data; determine a corrective action based on the load data, the load threshold, and the application network device; and perform the corrective action in connection with the application network device.
Gateway function collecting data from nearby devices at first and second positions and timings for transmission to a base station
To avoid congestion and an overload at the time of data transmission from an IoT device to a wireless network, at least one gateway apparatus is controlled to execute a gateway function at a first timing at a first position, collect data from a plurality of devices present near the first position, and transmit aggregated data to a base station, and to execute the gateway function at a second timing different from the first timing at a second position different from the first position, collect data from a plurality of devices present near the second position, and transmit aggregated data to the base station.
Physical layer procedures for user equipment in power saving mode
A user equipment can send a notification to a network node indicating that the user equipment is entering a battery saving mode of operation. Reduced physical layer procedures can be implemented based on reduced capabilities indicated by the user equipment. Reduced physical layer procedures can also be implemented based on the network node's reconfiguration of parameters to facilitate the activation of the reduced physical layer procedures. The user equipment can also send to the network node recommendations of reduced physical layer procedures.
Reference frequency for UI signal bar display
Apparatuses, systems, and methods for a wireless device to perform methods for improvements of display of signal bars on a user interface of a wireless device. The wireless device may be configured to perform methods for determining a number of signal bars to display on the user interface based, at least in part, on a reference frequency. The reference frequency may be indicated and/or provided by a network.
Determining network performance metrics using customer-specific information
Systems and methods are described herein for analyzing the performance of a communications network (e.g., a mobile telecommunications network) using customer-centric and/or subscriber-centric data and information. In some embodiments, the systems and method may determine key performance indicators for a communications network by accessing call detail records from multiple communications network sources, generating a database of one or more customer stats table (CSTs) based on the accessed call records, wherein the CSTs include records for each individual customers of the communications network, and determining one or more key performance indicators (KPIs) for the overall network based on the records stored by the one or more customer stats tables.
Radio network node, network node, wireless device, and methods performed therein for communicating in a wireless communication network
Embodiments herein relate to a method performed by a wireless device (10) for handling communication in a wireless communication network. The wireless device (10) stores a time instant associated with a receiving event relating to reference signal detection and information related to the receiving event. The wireless device (10) further detects a connection event related to a connection of the wireless device; and reports the time instant and the information to a radio network node (13) in the wireless communication network.
Method and a first network entity for handling control plane context information
The disclosure relates to a method for a first network entity of handling control plane context information relating to wireless devices. The first network entity is configured with a first context replication domain. The method comprises handling control plane context information relating to one or more wireless devices, and communicating, with each additional network entity also configured with the first context replication domain, changes of control plane context information for the one or more wireless devices. The disclosure also relates to corresponding computer program, computer program product and first network entity.
Methods for controlling SCell state and apparatuses thereof
Provided is a method of controlling states of a secondary cell by a user equipment. The method may include receiving SCell state indication information indicating a state for the SCell from a base station through an RRC message or a MAC control element, configuring the state of the SCell in an activation state or a dormant state on the basis of the SCell state indication information, and transmitting channel state information for the SCell to the base station in accordance with CQI configuration information configured for the SCell.
System and method for millimeter wave communications
A method includes measuring beam-formed reference signals transmitted by a plurality of mmWave transmission points (TPs), sending a cloud cell formation request including indicators associated with best mmWave TPs determined in accordance with the measured beam-formed reference signals, receiving a cloud cell formation request response including indicators associated with a subset of the best mmWave TPs selected by a central controller in accordance with selection information, where the subset of the best mmWave TPs includes a first mmWave transmission point (TP) serving as a master TP and a second mmWave TP serving as a slave TP, and establishing a cloud cell with mmWave TPs of the subset of the best mmWave TPs selected by the central controller, where a data connection is established with the slave TP and at least a control connection is established with the master TP.
System and methods for venue based wireless communication
A plurality of directional antennas are arranged between an inner barrier (e.g., ring, wall, fence, glass, etc encircling a field, court, rink, stage, etc) and an outer barrier (e.g., guardrail, wall, etc encircling a seating region, etc) of the venue. Each directional antenna produces a beam pattern that is oriented such that the beam pattern is directed at an angle off-normal from the inner or outer barrier. Further, at least some of the directional antennas are placed at the openings of pedestrian tunnels leading into the seating region of the venue, near the inner barrier of the venue seating region, or placed near a midpoint between the inner and outer barriers so as to provide wireless communication services to users in the seating region of the venue.
Electronic device and method for the electronic device for clustering of high priority level secondary systems
Provided are as electronic device and a method for an electronic device. The electronic device comprises a processing circuit, configured to: determine a first set of a high priority secondary system based on mutual interference between a low-priority sub-system and the high-priority sub-system, wherein the mutual interference between the high-priority sub-system in the first set and at least one low-priority sub-system is higher than a pre-set level; and based on information related to the first set, clustering the high-priority sub-system in the first set.
Increased security for multilateration timing advance
A positioning node (e.g., SMLC), a Radio Access Network (RAN) Node (e.g., BSS/BTS), and a wireless device (e.g., MS) are described herein which implement procedures and corresponding modified or new messages/information elements/fields to reduce the possibility of a bandit (e.g., invalid or unauthorized) wireless device from triggering the RAN Node (e.g., BSS/BTS) to generate false timing advance (TA) information associated with the wireless device and report the false TA information to the positioning node (e.g., SMLC) which leads the positioning node (e.g., SMLC) to estimate with degraded accuracy a position of the wireless device.
Multi-factor authentication providing a credential via a contactless card for secure messaging
Exemplary embodiments may use a contactless card as a secondary form of authentication in a multi-factor authentication for a secure messaging service. The recipient party of a request to initiate a messaging service session (such as a server computing device) may be programmed to use the phone number of the originating device to look up records regarding an identity of a party and their associated phone number as a primary credential and then may require an authentication credential originating from the contactless card as a secondary credential for the initiating party. In some instances, the credential originating from the contactless card is a onetime password that is valid only for a period of time. The recipient party determines whether the onetime password is valid. If both credentials are valid, a secure messaging session may be initiated with the initiating party.
Privacy preserving authentication and key agreement protocol for apparatus-to-apparatus communication
A method is disclosed, comprising obtaining, by a first apparatus, a first identifier associated with the first apparatus, wherein the first identifier is different from a second identifier associated with the first apparatus, providing, by the first apparatus, at least one message to at least one further apparatus of at least one further apparatus, wherein each of the at least one message comprises a key information of the first apparatus and is associated with the first identifier associated with the first apparatus, and determining, by the first apparatus, a session key of a communication session associated with the first apparatus and the at least one further apparatus, based on at least one message received, by the first apparatus, provided by at least one further apparatus of the at least one further apparatus, wherein each of the at least one message comprises a key information of the respective further apparatus and is associated with a first identifier associated with the respective further apparatus.
System and method for communicating digital data using media content
The embodiments herein disclose an apparatus and method especially developed for the direct application in transmission involving user devices with some computational potential, allowing data transmission between two devices in a secure manner using media content. The method for the transmission of data between two devices comprises the following steps: receiving a digital data and a media content as input, encoding the digital data, embedding the digital data into a media content, modulating the data using radio frequency (RF) signals, transmitting the modulated RF signals, capturing the modulated RF signals by the receiver module, demodulating the modulated RF signal to obtain an encoded media content and decoding the media content for recovering the digital data.
User equipment capability reporting
Embodiments of the present disclosure describe methods and apparatuses for UE capability reporting in mobile communication systems. UE capability reporting in LTE with high number of CCs (32) creates a great signalling overhead. An enhanced network enquiry message (UECapabilityEnquiry) is proposed which includes indications (e.g. maximum aggregated CC number or bandwidth class, MIMO/CSI-process capabilities) that indicate to a UE that the UE is to exclude, from its capability report (UECapabilityInformation), information related to functions that the network either does not support or is not interested in. The enhanced network enquiry message may include indications of a max. number of DL/UL CCs for which the UE is requested to provide supported CA band combinations and non-CA bands. The UE selects a subset of CA capabilities based on these indicator and generates a UE capability response (UECapabilityInformation) including information related to the selected subset of CA capabilities.
Method and apparatus for triggering of specific operation mode for terminals operating in extended long range
Systems and methods are disclosed for triggering a long range extension mode of operation for a wireless device in a cellular communications network. In one preferred embodiment, the wireless device is a Machine Type Communication (MTC) device. In one embodiment, a node in the cellular communications network determines that the wireless device is to operate in the long range extension mode if there is difficulty in establishing communication between the wireless device and the cellular communications network. If the wireless device is to operate in the long range extension mode, the node activates one or more long range extension mechanisms with respect to the wireless device such that the wireless device operates in the long range extension mode. In this manner, the long range extension mode is selectively triggered for the wireless device.
Method and system for controlling UE operation based on TDD configuration support per location
A method and system to help address this issue. When a device is within coverage of a cell that operates with a particular TDD configuration, the device will determine based on its location a set of one or more TDD frame configurations that the device would support, which could be based on maximum uplink transmission power of the UE, permitted maximum transmission power in the location, and uplink duty cycle defined by each of the various TDD configurations. The UE will then control whether or not it will be served by the cell based on whether the TDD configuration of the cell is within the determined set.
Device-based access point association and tracking of physical addresses
Disclosed in various examples are methods, systems, devices, and machine-readable mediums for tracking device and access point geographic locations of wireless (e.g., Wi-Fi) networks. In an example, operations performed by a device for association and use of a location include: receiving identification information (e.g., a MAC address) that identifies an access point of a wireless network; comparing the identification information with a list of access points (e.g., a white list) to identify an unvalidated status of the access point; communicating the identification information to the communications service; receiving a validated status for the access point and a geographic location for the wireless network from the communications service; and perforating a communication action with the communication service, using the wireless network, based on the geographic location and the validated status. Further operations involving evaluating the access point status and updating the list of access points, are also disclosed.
Communication apparatus and non-transitory computer-readable medium storing computer-readable instructions for communication apparatus
A communication apparatus may include: a first interface being set in one of a first operating state and a second operating state; a second interface; and an apparatus controller. The first interface is configured to: receive specific access point information in a case where a wireless connection is established in a situation where the first interface is set in the first operating state; and not receive the specific access point information in a case where a wireless connection via the first interface is established in a situation where the first interface is set in the second operating state. The apparatus controller performs: setting the first interface in the first operating state in a case where the access point information is not registered; registering the specific access point information; and setting the first interface in the second operating state in a case where the specific access point information is registered.
Method and apparatus for managing device using at least one sensor
The present disclosure relates to a sensor network, Machine Type Communication (MTC), Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communication, and technology for Internet of Things (IoT). The present disclosure may be applied to intelligent services based on the above technologies, such as smart home, smart building, smart city, smart car, connected car, health care, digital education, smart retail, security and safety services.A method of managing an electronic device is provided, which includes determining a management target device, selecting at least one measurement device based on the determined management target device, transmitting an operation command to the management target device, receiving measurement information from the at least one measurement device, and determining a state of the management target device based on the received measurement information.
System, process, and device for multiple network usage tracking
A system for multiple network usage tracking, the system having a policy management platform having one or more processors able to receive and to calculate account usage data associated with an account profile, the policy management platform arranged externally from a network of at least one wireless carrier.
System and method for triggering on platform usage
A system and method for triggering on platform usage can include at a platform, receiving and storing a trigger configuration of an account; operating a platform comprising internally executing a process on behalf of an account and publishing at least one event when executing the process; at the platform, incrementing a counter in response to the at least one event and if the stored trigger configuration species a usage key associated with a category of counted events of the at least one event; monitoring counters in a context of an associated trigger; and processing the trigger upon the counter satisfying condition of an associated trigger.
Broadcast bearer management method and device thereof
The present disclosure relates to broadcast bearer management methods and devices. One example method includes receiving, by a first bearer management server (BMS), a first message sent by a server, where the first message includes a group identifier of a service group, determining, by the first BMS, a first broadcast bearer for the service group based on the first message, and sending, by the first BMS, a second message to the server, where the second message carries user plane information of the first broadcast bearer.
Methods and apparatus for maintaining and using geolocation data in a wireless system
A user device includes and maintains a geolocation list (GLL) including sets of information corresponding to Citizens Broadband radio Services Devices (CBSDs). The GLL stored in the user device contains entries corresponding to the areas most recently visited by the UE, each entry including location information of a CBSD. User devices typically frequent a limited set of the same areas repetitively. Thus this maintained relatively small list provides the UE with a highly relevant set of information which can be quickly accessed without additional wireless signaling and the additional power loss associated with a typical search. When the UE desires to find and connect to a CBSD, the UE first searches its GLL for a CBSD providing coverage in its currently located area. However, if GLL search does not identify a CBSD, then the UE sends a request to a geolocation server for active CBSDs.
Computer model accuracy in predicting location of online system users
An online system receives a request from a user of a manager transmitter to generate a unique beacon identifier (ID) associated with a physical location. Responsive to receiving the beacon ID from the online system, the manager transmitter transmits a Bluetooth signal comprising the beacon ID to user client devices, which send the beacon ID to the online system for identification. Responsive to detecting that a received signal strength exceeds a threshold, a location context module classifies the instance of the user client device detecting the signal as an example of a user being present at the physical location. A location prediction module uses the instance as training data to train a machine-learning model to predict the presence of online system users at the physical location.
Vehicle and method of controlling the same
A vehicle and a method of controlling the vehicle are capable of outputting a sound similar to an original sound by modulating a sound signal obtained using a plurality of microphones of an external terminal device considering the physical characteristics of a user and the sound reproduction space. The vehicle includes: a speaker; a sensor module configured to detect a state of the vehicle; a communicator including a plurality of microphones and configured to receive a sound signal having two channels, information about sensitivity of each microphone of the plurality of microphones, and information about a relative position between the plurality of microphones; and a controller configured to: modulate the sound signal on at least one of the sensitivity of the plurality of microphones, the relative position between the plurality of microphones, and a Head-Related Transfer Function (HRTF); remove the reverberation from the modulated sound signal; and control the speaker.
Active monitoring headphone and a method for calibrating the same
According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for calibrating a headphone including an amplifier with a memory and signal processing properties, the method comprising steps for determining a desired sound attributes for the headphone, and setting signal processing parameters in the amplifier in order to obtain the desired sound attributes either by measurement or based on the received input information from a user of the headphones.
Compact public address access point apparatuses
Apparatuses that operate as both a public address speaker and a wireless access point (AP) for mounting to a ceiling or wall. The compact public address access points described herein may include an AP housing, enclosing a radio (e.g., a 3×3 MIMO radio) and antenna, that is coupled to a speaker assembly including a speaker, a conical acoustic reflector positioned between a front of the speaker and the housing of the AP, and an annular region comprising a concave inner wall facing the conical acoustic reflector. Although the AP is nested atop the front of the speaker, the speaker may produce high-quality sound with accurate voice reproduction without interfering with the operation of the wireless transmission of the AP. Methods of operating and installing these apparatuses are also described.
Adjustment method of hearing auxiliary device
An adjustment method of a hearing auxiliary device includes steps of (a) providing a context awareness platform and a hearing auxiliary device, (b) acquiring an activity and emotion information and inputting the activity and emotion information to the context awareness platform, (c) acquiring a scene information and inputting the scene information to the context awareness platform, (d) obtaining a sound adjustment suggestion according to the activity and emotional information and the scene information, (e) determining whether a response of a user to the sound adjustment suggestion meets expectation, and (f) when the judgment result of the step (e) is TRUE, transmitting the sound adjustment suggestion to the hearing auxiliary device and adjusting the hearing auxiliary device according to the sound adjustment suggestion. Therefore, the hearing auxiliary device can be appropriately adjusted to meet the demands and correctly and effectively adjusted without any assistance of a professional.
Multi-source audio amplification and ear protection devices
Apparatus and methods for multi-source audio amplification and ear protection devices are provided herein. In certain configurations, an audio amplification and ear protection device includes at least one microphone that generates an ambient sound signal based on detecting ambient sound, at least one speaker, and an electrical system that controls sound outputted by the at least one speaker based on amplifying the ambient sound signal and a secondary sound source signal. The electrical system receives a first user-controlled volume signal that is operable to control an amount of amplification provided to the ambient sound signal, and a second user-controlled volume signal that is operable to control an amount of amplification provided to the secondary sound source signal.
Hearing device adapted for matching input transducers using the voice of a wearer of the hearing device
A hearing device, e.g. a hearing aid, comprises first and second separate, interconnectable parts comprising first and second input transducers, respectively, for providing first and second electric input signals, respectively, representative of sound in an environment of the user, and a beamformer filtering unit configured to provide a spatially filtered signal based thereon, and a memory comprising a previously determined own voice transfer function corresponding to a target sound source located at said user's mouth. The hearing device is configured to determine an updated own voice transfer function according to activation of a predefined trigger, when the user's own voice is present, and to store an updated own voice transfer function in said memory. The hearing device further comprises at least one combination unit configured to apply a first multiplication factor to at least one of the first and second electric input signals, and a control unit configured to determine the first multiplication factor so as to decrease, e.g. minimize a difference measure representative of a difference between the previously determined own voice transfer function and the updated own voice transfer function.
Reduced thickness actuator
In some implementations, an actuator can include a magnetic cup comprising a base and sidewalls defining a cavity, the base comprising a planar outer surface opposite the cavity, an edge of the outer surface comprising one or more joint elements; a magnet arranged in the cavity of the magnetic cup; a voice coil arranged in an air gap separating the sidewalls and the magnet; a support comprising one or more magnetic suspension members each comprising an edge shaped to fit to a corresponding one of the joint elements and having a first side that is a) flush with the planar outer surface or b) displaced from the planar outer surface along a first axis perpendicular to the planar outer surface in a direction toward the cavity of the magnetic cup; and a coupling plate attached to the voice coil and the support.
Amplifier circuit for a parametric transducer and a related audio device
An amplifier circuit for a parametric transducer, comprising: a signal processor for processing an input signal into first and second signals; and at least a pair of output stages arranged to respectively receive the first and second signals for generating amplified first and second signals respectively, which are provided to operate the parametric transducer. The input, first and second signals are arranged with a substantially similar frequency to cause a switching frequency of the amplifier circuit to be matched to a carrier frequency of the parametric transducer. A related audio device is also disclosed.
Hybrid audio system for eyewear devices
An audio system for providing content to a user. The system includes a first and a second transducer assembly of a plurality of transducer assemblies, an acoustic sensor, and a controller. The first transducer assembly couples to a portion of an auricle of the user's ear and vibrates over a first range of frequencies based on a first set of audio instructions. The vibration causes the portion of the ear to create a first range of acoustic pressure waves. The second transducer assembly is configured to vibrate over a second range of frequencies to produce a second range of acoustic pressure waves based on a second set of audio instructions. The acoustic sensor detects acoustic pressure waves at an entrance of the ear. The controller generates the audio instructions based on audio content to be provided to the user and the detected acoustic pressure waves from the acoustic sensor.
Wearable audio device with head on/off state detection
Various implementations include wearable audio devices and related methods for controlling such devices. Some approaches include controlling a wearable audio device by: determining a magnitude of an acoustic transfer function based on an electrical signal from an internal microphone and an audio signal from an acoustic transducer at one or more predetermined frequencies; calibrating a proximity sensor; detecting a change in the state of the wearable audio device from one of: off-head to on-head, or on-head to off-head using both the calibrated proximity sensor and the magnitude of the acoustic transfer function; and adjusting at least one function of the wearable audio device in response to detecting the change from the on-head state to the off-head state or detecting the change from the off-head state to the on-head state.
Systems and methods for controlling playback and other features of a wireless headphone
Wireless headphones with user controls and methods for using are disclosed. In one embodiment, a wireless headphone includes a left earcup comprising a left speaker driver and a left earcup housing; and a right earcup comprising a right speaker driver and a right earcup housing; a processor; a microphone; user controls including: a voice assistant activator control; a volume slider; a play control slider; a play-pause control; and instructions configuring the processor to: commence a voice assistant recognition routine when sound received by the microphone matches a wake word, and perform an action based on instructions returned from the voice assistant; update a current volume of the headphone to a higher volume when the volume slider receives a swipe; skip to a next track of a current media content when the play control slider receives a swipe; and toggle playback of the media content when the play-pause control is activated.
System with wireless earphones
Apparatus comprises adapter and speaker system. Adapter is configured to plug into port of personal digital audio player. Speaker system is in communication with adapter, and comprises multiple acoustic transducers, programmable processor circuit, and wireless communication circuit. In first operational mode, processor circuit receives, via adapter, and processes digital audio content from personal digital audio player into which adapter is plugged, and the multiple acoustic transducers output the received audio content from the personal digital audio player. In second operational mode, wireless communication circuit receives digital audio content from a remote digital audio source over a wireless network, processor circuit processes the digital audio content received from remote digital audio source, and the multiple acoustic transducers output the audio content received from the remote digital audio source.
Earpiece having V-shaped interconnection between two portions of the earpiece when inserted into the ear canal
An earpiece for an earphone comprising a first portion (100), a second portion (101), and a resilient bridge (102) interconnecting the first portion (100) and second portion (101), wherein the resilient bridge (102) is configured to flex so that the earpiece can conform to ear canal geometry as it is received in a user ear canal and thereby be at least substantially locatable within the ear canal. The resilient bridge (102) may be configured to provide a biasing effect so that the first portion (100) and/or second portion (101) can bias against the ear canal wall (15).
Symmetric dual suspension speaker structure
A symmetric dual suspension speaker structure is herein disclosed, comprising a basin frame, a U-shaped iron, a magnet permeability ferrite ring, a corrugated rim, a diaphragm, a sound coil, a damper clamped between the magnet permeability ferrite ring and the U-shaped iron, as well as a magnet, wherein the peripheral edge around the upper surface of the diaphragm can be stretched in the vertical direction to form a barrel component, and the corrugated rim is used to bond and fix the top end of the barrel component while the damper is used to bond and fix the bottom end of the barrel component, such that the sound coil can bring the barrel component of the diaphragm to vertically vibrate thus improving the instability existing in the bonding of the conventional diaphragm and the coil framework.
Intelligent and dynamic processing of sensor reading fidelity
A method includes receiving a sensor data stream from a sensor, determining that the sensor data stream is associated with a sensor fidelity rule specifying a triggering event, a fidelity modification, and a modification period, sampling the sensor data stream according to a first sampling interval, responsive to occurrence of a triggering event, changing the first sampling interval to a second sampling interval based on the fidelity modification, wherein the second sampling interval is different from the first sampling interval, determining whether the modification period has elapsed and whether the triggering event is active, and sampling the sensor data stream according to the second sampling interval when it is determined that the modification period has not elapsed and the triggering event is active.
System and method for synchronized vehicle sensor data acquisition processing using vehicular communication
A method for controlling vehicle sensor data acquisition using a vehicular communication network includes, receiving a global time signal at the first vehicle and at the second vehicle. The first vehicle synchronizes a local clock signal of the first vehicle with the global time signal, and the second vehicle synchronizes a local clock signal of the second vehicle with the global time signal. Further, the method includes determining a capture interval that minimizes a time between actuation of a sensor of the first vehicle and actuation of a sensor of the second vehicle. The method includes actuating, according to the capture interval, the sensor of the first vehicle and the sensor of the second vehicle. The first vehicle transmits to the second vehicle the sensor data, and the second vehicle transmits to the first vehicle the sensor data.
Methods and apparatus to assign viewers to media meter data
Methods, apparatus, systems and articles of manufacture to assign viewers to media meter data are disclosed. An apparatus includes memory to store instructions, and a processor to execute the instructions to at least: determine first probabilities for first panelists in a media meter household during a first set of time periods, determine second probabilities for second panelists in a plurality of learning households during a second set of time periods, compare the first probabilities and the second probabilities to identify a candidate household from the plurality of learning households to associated with the media meter household, and impute ones of the first number of minutes to individual ones of the first panelists when second panelist behavior data associated with the candidate household indicates activity during one of the second set of time periods that matches activity in the media meter household during one of the first set of time periods.
Criteria verification to facilitate providing of highest cost per mile (CPM) overlays to client devices
A processing device for generating a viewing data report is disclosed. The processing device may include a memory device and a processor. The memory device may store instructions. The processor may be operatively coupled to the memory device. The processor may execute the instructions to: determine first viewing data associated with a first ACR event; determine second viewing data associated with a second ACR event; determine that a data field of a plurality of data fields in the first viewing data is incomplete; derive new data for the data field using other data fields of the first viewing data; aggregate the first viewing data and the second viewing data into a single data model to obtain aggregated viewing data of viewing behavior of a first viewer and a second viewer; and create a viewing data report as a compilation of the aggregated viewing data.
Digital media splicing system and method
The present invention relates to a system and method of inserting a secondary stream of digital frames into a primary stream of digital frames without transcoding any of the streams, where the primary stream is encoded according to a first format and the secondary stream is encoded according to a second format where each frame is independent of a succeeding frame. The approach comprises receiving a requested splice-out point in the primary stream; determining an optimal splice-out point in the primary stream in dependence upon the requested splice-out point; receiving a requested splice-in point in the primary stream; determining an optimal splice-in point in the primary stream in dependence upon the requested splice-out point; and replacing the section of the primary stream between the optimal splice-out point and the optimal splice-in point with the secondary stream.
System and method for classifying recorded content for deletion
Systems and methods are disclosed herein for classifying, based on most recent information associated with recorded content, the recorded content to an appropriate deletion classifier. A media guidance application may receive information about an event that is associated with a recorded media asset. The media guidance application may determine, based on the event and a current deletion classifier associated with the recorded media asset, whether the current deletion classifier associated with the recorded media asset needs to be updated to a new deletion classifier. The media guidance application may make this determination by accessing a deletion classification database containing rules for classifying recorded media assets into a variety of deletion classifiers. Upon determining that the current deletion classifier associated with the recorded media asset needs to be updated to a new deletion classifier, the media guidance application may update the current deletion classifier to the new deletion classifier.
Methods and systems for bypassing preemptions in recorded media assets
Methods and systems for transmitting an interruption-free version of a television program for recording on a user equipment device. In one aspect, a system transmits a first stream including a television program to a user equipment device. The system receives an indication that the television program is being recorded on the user equipment device. The system determines whether an interruption is imminent during transmission of the television program. In response to determining that the interruption is imminent, the system generates a second stream including the television program. The second stream does not include the interruption during the transmission of the television program. The system transmits the second stream to the user equipment device along with an instruction to switch recording of the television program from the first stream to the second stream.
Method and apparatus for selecting among multiple tuners
A system or method selects among multiple tuners to tune a particular channel. A request is received to tune a first channel. In response to this request, a first tuner is assigned to tune the first channel. A request is received to tune a second channel. If the program tuned by the first tuner is not being recorded, the first tuner is assigned to tune the second channel. If the program tuned by the first tuner is being recorded, the second tuner is assigned to tune the second channel.
Integrating digital advertising ecosystems into linear TV
A programmable and universal video serving platform enabling digital ads to be inserted into linear television cable programming feeds. A linear programming feed includes a cue message that indicates a spot for local ad insertion into the programming feed. Detection of the cue message triggers the generation of a VAST protocol ad request from the video serving platform to a digital ad server, the request including programmable fields that are configured to obtain data to generate standard and custom VAST tag information, including audience impression information and distribution platform information as needed. The digital ad server delivers a VAST response back to the video serving platform identifying a digital ad for insertion, and the video serving platform enables playout of the selected digital ad during a designated insertion spot in the programming feed.
Distribution system, reception apparatus, and methods for transitioning to new services
A distribution system and reception apparatus, and methods thereof, are provided for broadcasting and receiving a plurality of non-backwards-compatible services. The broadcasting method includes receiving, by a first service provider, a plurality of first services, which include a first service from each of the first and second service providers. The first service provider generates a first broadcast multiplex, including the plurality of first services, and broadcasts the first broadcast multiplex on a first broadcast channel allocated to the first service provider. A second service provider receives a plurality of second services, which include a second service from each of the first and second service providers. The second service provider generates a second broadcast multiplex, including the plurality of second services, and broadcasts the second broadcast multiplex on a second broadcast channel allocated to the second service provider.
Video steaming control
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a media server having a processing system including a processor; and a memory that stores executable instructions that, when executed by the processing system, facilitate sending a datastream to a display device. The datastream may include an identification thereof. Upon receiving the identification from a user, the media server associates the datastream with the user. The media server may send to the user, a listing of the media services to which the user has subscribed. Upon receiving, from the user, a selection of a selected media service, the media server streams the selected media service to the display device over the datastream. The datastream may be controlled with the user for as long as the media server detects the user in a vicinity of the display device. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Dynamically scheduling non-programming media items in contextually relevant programming media content
A hardware media items scheduling and packaging system, which schedules and distributes channels to be viewed on a plurality of consumer devices, extracts contextual data from program-specific information associated with programming media content of a channel received from a distribution source device. A plurality of potential non-programming media items is determined for a plurality of users based on a match between a sentiment type of each of a plurality of non-programming media items and the extracted contextual data. Based on at least the extracted contextual data and the sentiment type of each of the plurality of potential non-programming media items, a plurality of candidate spots in the programming media content is determined. Based on at least a set of constraints and user estimation data associated with the plurality of users, a schedule of non-programming media item(s) is dynamically generated for at least one candidate spot in the programming media content.
System and methods for data compression and nonuniform quantizers
An optical network includes a transmitting portion configured to (i) encode an input digitized sequence of data samples into a quantized sequence of data samples having a first number of digits per sample, (ii) map the quantized sequence of data samples into a compressed sequence of data samples having a second number of digits per sample, the second number being lower than the first number, and (iii) modulate the compressed sequence of data samples and transmit the modulated sequence over a digital optical link. The optical network further includes a receiving portion configured to (i) receive and demodulate the modulated sequence from the digital optical link, (ii) map the demodulated sequence from the second number of digits per sample into a decompressed sequence having the first number of digits per sample, and (iii) decode the decompressed sequence.
Bitstream transformation apparatus, bitstream transformation method, distribution system, moving image encoding apparatus, moving image encoding method and computer-readable storage medium
An apparatus comprises: a unit that analyzes syntax of a bitstream corresponding to moving image data for which a minimum size of a unit according to decoding processing is defined and syntax of an accompanying bitstream that accompanies the bitstream; a unit that transforms high-level syntax obtained as a result of the analysis into new high-level syntax including a resolution that is lower than a resolution that the high-level syntax includes; a unit that transforms information which is obtained as a result of the analysis and is associated with a minimum size unit in the bitstream into information associated with a corresponding unit in the accompanying bitstream; and a unit that synthesizes, in accordance with syntax, the new high-level syntax and information after the transformation, and that generates a new bitstream.
Transform coefficient coding
An idea used herein is to use the same function for the dependency of the context and the dependency of the symbolization parameter on previously coded/decoded transform coefficients. Using the same function—with varying function parameter—may even be used with respect to different transform block sizes and/or frequency portions of the transform blocks in case of the transform coefficients being spatially arranged in transform blocks. A further variant of this idea is to use the same function for the dependency of a symbolization parameter on previously coded/decoded transform coefficients for different sizes of the current transform coefficient's transform block, different information component types of the current transform coefficient's transform block and/or different frequency portions the current transform coefficient is located within the transform block.
Data compression apparatus and data compression method
A processor calculates, from image data, a plurality of first coefficients corresponding to different frequencies using a Fourier transform and stores first frequency domain data, from which first coefficients whose magnitude is below a threshold have been excluded, in a memory. The processor also calculates, from kernel data, second coefficients of frequencies corresponding to the first coefficients indicated by the first frequency domain data using a Fourier transform and stores second frequency domain data in the memory. The processor uses the first frequency domain data, the second frequency domain data, and an inverse Fourier transform to generate a feature map indicating a result of applying the kernel data to the image data.
Techniques for resource conservation during performance of intra block copy prediction searches
Methods are described for encoding and decoding blocks of image data using intra block copying (IBC). A source block for intra block copying is selected from a source region of a current image that is closer to the current block than a threshold, wherein the source region does not include a portion of the current image that is further from the current block than the threshold.
Inter prediction method and apparatus for same
According to the present invention, an image encoding apparatus comprises: a motion prediction unit which derives motion information on a current block in the form of the motion information including L0 motion information and L1 motion information; a motion compensation unit which performs a motion compensation for the current block on the basis of at least one of the L0 motion information and L1 motion information so as to generate a prediction block corresponding to the current block; and a restoration block generating unit which generates a restoration block corresponding to the current block based on the prediction block. According to the present invention, image encoding efficiency can be improved.
Partial reconstruction based template matching for motion vector derivation
A method of decoding video data includes determining, by a video decoder, a neighboring block in a current frame is inter coded. The method includes, in response to determining the neighboring block is inter coded, determining, by the video decoder, a template for a current block in the current frame based on a partial reconstruction of the neighboring block. The method includes determining, by the video decoder, a reference block in a reference frame corresponding to the template for the current block and determining, by the video decoder, motion vector information for the current frame based on the reference block and the template. The method includes generating, by the video decoder, a predictive block for the current block of video data based on the motion vector information and decoding, by the video decoder, the current block of video data based on the predictive block.
Motion vector prediction using co-located prediction units
A system includes motion vector prediction circuitry that generates motion vectors for pixel groups and pixel subgroups within the pixel groups. For a current pixel group within the currently processed picture, the motion vector prediction circuitry selects a target reference picture. Without first translating the current pixel group in accord with an offset vector, the motion vector prediction circuitry initiates generation of a default motion vector for the current pixel group. Responsive to the selected target reference picture, the motion vector prediction circuitry generates the offset vector. The motion vector prediction circuitry translates the current pixel group in accord with offset vector and determines motion vectors for pixel subgroups of the current pixel group based on the translated position of the current pixel group.
Arithmetic unit, transmission program, and transmission method
An arithmetic unit comprises a video input unit to which is input recorded video information obtained by taking a video of a human, a memory which stores human motion information as information related to movement of the human, and a transmission unit which determines importance of the human motion information, and sends the recorded video information and the human motion information to an external device so that availability of the human motion information in the external device will increase more for the human motion information determined as having high importance.
A technique of motion estimation in video compression is described, the technique including: determining, in one or more reference frames of a video picture, the best full-pixel motion vector F for a block in a current frame of the video picture, wherein m and n are signed numbers and integer multiples of the distance between two adjacent full-pixels; selecting the best half-pixel motion vector candidates from a set of half-pixel motion vectors based on the best full-pixel motion vector; determining the best half-pixel motion vector H; selecting the best quarter-pixel motion vector candidates from a set of quarter-pixel motion vectors based on the best full-pixel motion vector and the best half-pixel motion vector; determining the best quarter-pixel motion vector Q; and determining the best motion vector for the block as BMV.
Flexible band offset mode in sample adaptive offset in HEVC
A Flexible Band Offset (FBO) apparatus and method of performing Sample Adaptive Offset (SAO) filtering within encoders and decoders, such as according to the High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standard, and similarly configured coding devices. The number of Band Offset (BO) modes and the number of necessary offsets is reduced. The invention beneficially provides simpler coding, reduces temporary buffer size requirements, and can yield a small performance gain over existing SAO techniques of HEVC test model HM 5.
Method and apparatus for processing video
The present invention relates to an apparatus for processing a video, comprising: a video central processing unit which communicates with a host, receives a bitstream and parses header information; and a free scan module which generates free scan information by a free scan of a video bitstream inputted from the host according to the control of the video central processing unit, wherein the video central processing unit rearranges the bitstream on the basis of the header information and the free scan information and performs task scheduling so as to perform parallel decoding of the rearranged bitstream by a predetermined unit.
Luma and chroma reshaping of HDR video encoding
Systems and methods are disclosed for reshaping HDR video content to improve compression efficiency while using standard encoding/decoding techniques. Input HDR video frames, e.g., represented in an IPT color space, may be reshaped before the encoding/decoding process and the corresponding reconstructed HDR video frames may then be reverse reshaped. The disclosed reshaping methods may be combinations of scene-based or segment-based methods.
Method and apparatus for processing image data
The invention concerns scaling color difference components prior to encoding in order to extend the dynamic range. In one embodiment the color difference components are encoded prior to quantization. In another embodiment the color difference components are encoded after quantization. A decoder is configured to process data representative of the gain factor for a decoding process.
FLC-based image compression method and device
Fixed length code (FLC)-based image compression method and device are provided. The FLC-based image compression method for compressing a block containing multiple pixels includes the following steps: determining a first representative pixel and a second representative pixel from the pixels according to the pixel values of the pixels; generating, by interpolation, multiple interpolated pixels according to the first representative pixel and the second representative pixel; generating an index value for each of the pixels according to the first representative pixel, the second representative pixel, and the interpolated pixels; adjusting the first representative pixel and the second representative pixel to generate a first adjusted representative pixel and a second adjusted representative pixel; and using the index values and complete or quantized pixel values of the first adjusted representative pixel and the second adjusted representative pixel to represent the block.
Information processing device, moving image coding method, and recording medium on which computer program for moving image coding is recorded
An information processing device includes: a memory; and a processor coupled to the memory and configured to: calculate, for a first block included in a coding target picture included in moving image data, a ratio of an area of a corrected block obtained by correcting distortion of a subject represented in the first block to an area of the first block, set code amount control information for the first block such that the higher the ratio for the first block, the larger a code amount which is assigned to the first block, and code a second block belonging to the first block among a plurality of second blocks which is obtained by dividing the coding target picture according to the code amount control information for the first block.
Combination of inter-prediction and intra-prediction in video coding
Techniques are described for using an inter-intra-prediction block. A video coder may generate a first prediction block according to an intra-prediction mode and generate a second prediction block according to an inter-prediction mode. The video coder may weighted combine, such as based on the intra-prediction mode, the two prediction blocks to generate an inter-intra-prediction block (e.g., final prediction block). In some examples, an inter-intra candidate is identified in a list of candidate motion vector predictors, and an inter-intra-prediction block is used based on identification of the inter-intra candidate in the list of candidate motion vector predictors.
Method and device for adaptively compressing image data
Provided is a method for adaptively compressing image data. A refresh rate and a compression rate of the image data are determined based on motion information of the image data, and the image data are compressed based on the determined refresh rate and compression rate.
Adaptation of scan order for entropy coding
Apparatuses and methods are disclosed for adapting scan order of a transform block. An apparatus for decoding coefficients of a transform block includes a processor. The processor is configured to decode, from a compressed bitstream, first coefficients of at least one row of the transform block; decode, from the compressed bitstream, second coefficients of at least one column of the transform block, where the transform block consists of the first coefficients, the second coefficients, and remaining coefficients; select, using the first coefficients and the second coefficients, a scan order for decoding the remaining coefficients; and decode the remaining coefficients of the transform block using the scan order.
Method for controlling information processing device and information processing device
A method for controlling an information processing device includes: accepting an operation on an image before editing; editing the image before editing, based on the accepted operation; comparing data of the image before editing with data of an image after editing obtained by editing the image before editing; and storing history information about the editing if a difference between the image before editing and the image after editing is detected as a result of the comparison.
Method and device for performing image decoding on basis of intra prediction in image coding system
A method by which a decoding device performs image decoding, according to the present invention, comprises the steps of: deriving an intra prediction mode of a current block; deriving neighboring samples including left neighboring samples and upper neighboring samples of the current block; deriving reference samples for prediction of a target sample among the neighboring samples on the basis of the position of the target sample of the current block and the prediction angle of the intra prediction mode; determining an interpolation filter for the target sample; and deriving the prediction sample of the target sample on the basis of the interpolation filter and the reference samples.
Method of decoding motion vector
An apparatus of encoding an image in an advanced motion vector prediction (AMVP) mode can include an inter prediction module for determining motion information of a current block, and generating a prediction block of the current block using the motion information; a transform module for transforming the residual block to generate a transformed block; a quantization module for quantizing the transformed block using a quantization parameter and a quantization matrix to generate a quantized block; a scanning module for scanning quantized coefficient components of the quantized block; and an entropy coding module for entropy-coding the scanned quantized coefficient components of the quantized block; in which the motion information is encoded by performing the sub-steps of: constructing an AMVP list using available motion vector candidates of a left motion vector candidate, an above motion vector candidate and a temporal motion vector candidate; selecting a motion vector predictor among motion vector candidates of the AMVP candidate list; generating a differential motion vector by subtracting the motion vector predictor from the motion vector; and encoding a reference picture index, the differential motion vector and an AMVP index specifying the motion vector predictor.
Adaptive unequal weight planar prediction
A method of decoding JVET video includes receiving a bitstream that includes encoded video data that includes encoded video data. From the encoded data, a horizontal predictor and a vertical predictor for a pixel in the current coding block may be interpolated. A coding block size may be identified to determine whether to use equal weight or unequal weights to apply to each of the horizontal and vertical predictors for calculating a final planar prediction value P(x,y) by comparing the coding block size to a coding block size threshold.
Display system and method for display control of a video based on different view positions
A display-control apparatus and method for position-based control of display of a video on a display screen are disclosed. Based on retrieval of the video in which each image frame is embedded in one of a plurality of view angles with respect to a reference axis, the display-control apparatus may control display of the video on the display screen. The display controller may control display of the retrieved video on the display screen. The display screen may be viewable from different view positions of a defined area. Further, the display of the retrieved video on the display screen may be controlled such that a first sequence of image frames associated with a first view angle of the plurality of view angles may be viewable through a first type of wearable glasses from a first view position of the different view positions.
Systems and methods for generating temporally multiplexed images
A method for generating a temporally multiplexed image to a viewer may include (1) receiving input data by a controller, (2) converting the input data by the controller into a sequence of instructions controlling at least functions of a subpixel array system and of an optical system, (3) generating subframes from the sequence of instructions which includes for each subframe: the subpixels to be illuminated at a given time and at a given position of a light deviator of the optical system that possesses at least one lateral-light-shifting degree of freedom, and (4) temporally multiplexing the subframes using the optical system, the one or more subframes designed to display an image to a viewer at the viewing region. Various other apparatus, systems, and methods are also disclosed.
System and method for calibrating a plurality of 3D sensors with respect to a motion conveyance
This invention provides a system and method for concurrently (i.e. non-serially) calibrating a plurality of 3D sensors to provide therefrom a single FOV in a vision system that allows for straightforward setup using a series of relatively straightforward steps that are supported by an intuitive graphical user interface (GUI). The system and method requires minimal input significant data about the imaged scene or calibration object used to calibrate the sensors, thereby effecting a substantially “automatic” calibration procedure. 3D features of a stable object, typically employing a plurality of 3D subobjects are first measured by one of the plurality of image sensors, and then the feature measurements are used in a calibration in which each of the 3D sensors images a discrete one of the subobjects, resolves features thereon and computes a common coordinate space between the plurality of 3D sensors. Laser displacement sensors and a conveyor/motion stage can be employed.
Method of transmitting 360-degree video, method of receiving 360-degree video, device for transmitting 360-degree video, and device for receiving 360-degree video
The present invention suggests a method of providing subtitles for a 360 content, the method comprising: generating 360 video data captured by at least one camera; stitching the 360 video data; projecting the 360 video data to a 2D image; encoding the 2D image into a video stream; generating a 360 subtitle Supplemental Enhancement Information (SEI) message for signaling a subtitle for the 360 content; inserting the 360 subtitle SEI message into the video stream; and generating a broadcast signal including the video stream, and transmitting the broadcast signal.
Providing apparatus, providing method and computer readable storage medium for performing processing relating to a virtual viewpoint image
A providing apparatus configured to provide three-dimensional geometric data to be used to generate a virtual viewpoint image receives a data request from a communication apparatus, decides which of a plurality of pieces of three-dimensional geometric data including first three-dimensional geometric data and second three-dimensional geometric data with a different quality than the first three-dimensional geometric data is to be provided to the communication apparatus from which the received data request was transmitted, and provides the three-dimensional geometric data decided on from among the plurality of pieces of three-dimensional geometric data, to the communication apparatus as a response to the received data request.
White balance calibration method based on skin color data and image processing apparatus using the same
Disclosed are a white balance calibration method based on skin color data and an image processing apparatus using the same. By using the method and the image processing apparatus, weight allocation of the skin color data in an input image may be adaptively performed to avoid white balance calibration errors due to excessive skin color data. Therefore, the present disclosure can further solve an issue that in video applications, the white balance calibration is easily interfered by a large amount of the skin color data. Moreover, the present disclosure may be adapted to different color temperatures and may output images having colors closer to actual colors.
Projection apparatus, projection system, projection method, and computer readable storage medium
A projection apparatus includes a matrix expression generation unit which generates viewpoint correction matrices used for a conversion calculation on each of the projection surfaces for an image to be projected, a mask generation unit which generates correction mask data indicating regions corresponding to the viewpoint correction matrices generated by the matrix expression generation unit for the image, and a projection control unit which executes the conversion calculation on the image using each viewpoint correction matrix generated for each corresponding region in the correction mask data generated by the mask generation unit, and thereafter controls the projection unit to project the image.
Projection apparatus and interface apparatus
Provided are a projection apparatus and an interface apparatus that have a small size and low power consumption and can perform high-resolution multicolor display, without color breakup. The projection apparatus includes a light source emitting laser beams of a plurality of colors, a modulation means that has a phase-modulation-type modulation element including display regions corresponding to each color of the laser beams of the plurality of colors emitted from the light source and modulates incident laser beams, an unnecessary component removal means that removes the unnecessary components, which are generated by the modulation of laser beams of other colors mixed in the display regions corresponding to the laser beams of the plurality of colors, from the laser beams modulated by the modulation means using wavelength selection; and a projection means that projects light from which the unnecessary components have been removed by the unnecessary component removal means.
Image projection apparatus and its control method
An image projection apparatus communicable with another image projection apparatus and having a first internal time includes a time acquirer configured to acquire information of a second internal time included in the other image projection apparatus through a communication, and a controller configured to calculate a difference between the first internal time and the second internal time and to set, using the difference, an operation time for implementing a first operation and a second operation for an adjustment relating to an image projection by the image projection apparatus and the other image projection apparatus.
Dual lens camera unit
Embodiments of the invention relate to a portable digital video system sized to be worn on the user's body and equipped with a plurality of lens assemblies for recording video in a plurality of directions. In one embodiment, the invention includes a camera unit comprising a first lens assembly, a second lens assembly, a first housing containing the first lens assembly and the second lens assembly, a battery unit, a first storage memory, controller circuitry operable to receive video data from the first lens assembly and the second lens assembly and store the video data in the first storage memory, and a second housing containing the battery unit and attached via a cable to the first housing unit. In some embodiments, the system is equipped with both volatile and non-volatile memory for continuous recording with permanent storage of key video segments.
Surveillance system and operation method thereof
The disclosure is related to a surveillance system and an operation method thereof. The surveillance system includes an auxiliary sensor module that is in full-time operation, and a main sensor module that is in a power-saving mode at a normal state. The main sensor is in operation only if the signals generated by the auxiliary sensor module meet a criterion of surveillance. The surveillance system can reduce power consumption since the more powerful main sensor module stays in the power-saving mode without actuation. The surveillance system can process the surveillance data generated by the auxiliary sensor module since it adopts the steps of ROI detection, feature extraction, and object recognition in an early stage of a whole surveillance process.
Medical support system
There is provided a medical support system in which a plurality of photography apparatuses and a portable-type viewer apparatus including a display unit are communicably connected to a server. The portable-type viewer apparatus includes: a selection unit that selects one of the plurality of photography apparatuses; and a photographer ID input unit that inputs a photographer ID that is an ID of a photographer photographing a subject using the selected photography apparatus. The selected photography apparatus further includes a transmission unit that transmits image data of the subject photographed by the selected photography apparatus to the server, and the server includes a recording unit that records the photographer ID and the transmitted image data in association with each other in a case where the photographer ID is input.
Self-healing video surveillance system
A self-healing video surveillance system is described. The self-healing video surveillance system includes one or more surveillance cameras that are configured to store configuration data of a network video recorder in operable communication with the surveillance cameras. The network video recorder includes configuration data, and a module configured to store the configuration data on the surveillance cameras and/or retrieve configuration data stored on the surveillance cameras. A new network video recorder introduced into the network retrieves the stored configuration data to self-configure with minimal or no human interaction. In embodiments, configuration data is distributed among a plurality of surveillance cameras, and may be stored in encrypted format.
Networked and camera enabled locking devices
A lock box including a main body, a lid, an electronic locking mechanism, a lid sensor, and a processing circuit. The main body defines a compartment. The main body is structured to be secured within or secured to a substantially permanent structure. The lid is positioned to selectively enclose the compartment. The electronic locking mechanism is positioned to selectively lock the lid to the main body. The lid sensor is configured to detect at least one of an attempt to open the lid or opening of the lid. The processing circuit is configured to generate an alert in response to the lid sensor detecting the at least one of the attempt to open the lid or the opening of the lid.
Imaging apparatus and distance measuring apparatus using the same
An imaging apparatus in an embodiment includes lens optical systems each including a lens whose surface closest to the target object is shaped to be convex toward the target object, imaging regions which respectively face the lens optical systems and output a photoelectrically converted signal corresponding to an amount of light transmitting the lens optical systems and received by the imaging regions, and a light-transmissive cover which covers an exposed portion of the lens of each of the lens optical systems and a portion between the lens of one of the lens optical systems and the lens of another one of the lens optical systems adjacent to the one of the lens optical systems, the cover having a curved portion which is convex toward the target object. The optical axes of the lens optical systems are parallel to each other.
Enhanced video conference management
Methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on a computer storage medium, for enhanced video conference management. In some implementations, a media stream is received from each of multiple endpoint devices over a communication network. A video conference session among the endpoint devices is managed such that at least one or more of the media streams are transmitted over the communication network for display by the endpoint devices. A plurality of audio and/or video characteristics from the media stream from a particular endpoint device of the multiple endpoint devices are measured. Based on the audio and/or video characteristics, a collaboration factor score is determined for the particular endpoint device for each of a plurality of collaboration factors. The video conference of the endpoint devices by performing a video conference management action selected based on the collaboration factor scores.
Transmission apparatus, transmission method, reception apparatus, and reception method
A processing load on a reception side when subtitle graphics data is superimposed on video data is alleviated.A video stream including video data is generated. A subtitle stream including bitmap data is generated, the bitmap data being obtained by converting subtitle graphics data. A container having a predetermined format containing the video stream and the subtitle stream is transmitted. The subtitle stream includes a bitmap conversion table containing conversion information of a color gamut and/or a luminance. On the reception side, subtitle graphics data having characteristics matched with those of target video data of a superimposition destination can be easily obtained by just converting the bitmap data to the subtitle graphics data by using the bitmap conversion table.
Imaging element, imaging device, and endoscope
An imaging element includes: a plurality of pixels where each pixel is configured to generate an imaging signal; a noise eliminating circuit configured to eliminate a noise component included in the imaging signal; a plurality of column source follower buffers where each column source follower buffer is configured to amplify the imaging signal from which the noise component has been eliminated by the noise eliminating circuit, and output the amplified signal; a horizontal scanning circuit configured to sequentially select the column source follower buffer and output the imaging signal; and a buffer circuit which is connected with the column source follower buffer sequentially selected by the horizontal scanning circuit to form a voltage follower circuit, the buffer circuit being configured to perform impedance conversion on a voltage of the imaging signal output from the column source follower buffer, and output the converted signal to an outside.
Pixel sensing circuit and driving method thereof, image sensor and electronic device
The embodiments of the present disclosure provide a pixel sensing circuit. The photoelectric conversion sub-circuit is configured to collect an incident light, and generate an electrical signal based on the incident light collected, so as to charge the signal collection point. The resetting sub-circuit is configured to write a first power supply voltage from the first power supply terminal to the signal collection point. The compensation and pulling-up sub-circuit is configured to: obtain a threshold voltage of the conversion transistor; generate a compensation voltage according to the threshold voltage; write the compensation voltage to the signal collection point; pull up the voltage at the signal collection point. The selection sub-circuit is configured to control the connection between the first electrode of the conversion transistor and an image processor. The conversion transistor is configured to output the current signal according to the voltage at the signal collection point.
Solid-state imaging device
According to one embodiment, a solid-state imaging device includes a substrate, a light receiving pixel, a first interconnection layer, a light shielding layer, and a first metal film. The substrate includes a sensor region and a circuit region. The light receiving pixel is provided on a surface of the sensor region of the substrate. The first interconnection layer is provided in the sensor region. The light shielding layer is provided in the sensor region and has a larger width than the first interconnection. The first metal film is provided on at least one of an upper surface or a lower surface of the light shielding layer. The first metal film partially covers at least one of the upper surface or the lower surface.
Image pickup apparatus, image pickup apparatus control method and computer-readable non-transitory recording medium recording program
An image pickup apparatus including: an image pickup device including a pixel region in which image pixels corresponding to microlenses are arrayed in a matrix, each of the image pixels being divided into a plurality of focus detection pixels configured to generate respective photoelectric conversion signals; and a control circuit configured to control a cycle in a column direction of first rows in which photoelectric conversion signals in an image pixel are added up to generate an image pixel signal, and second rows in which both of a pair of the focus detection pixel signals or one of the pair of the focus detection pixel signals and the image pixel signal are generated and read, in a frame is provided.
Image data processing for multi-exposure wide dynamic range image data
Disclosed examples include integrated circuits, merge circuits and methods of processing multiple-exposure image data, in which a single pre-processing circuit is used for pre-processing first input exposure data associated with a first exposure of the image, and then for pre-processing second input exposure data associated with a second exposure of the image, and the first and second pre-processed exposure data are merged to generate merged image data for tone mapping and other post-processing. An example merge circuit includes a configurable gain circuit to apply a gain to the first and/or second exposure data, as well as a configurable weighting circuit with a weight calculation circuit and a motion adaptive filter circuit to compute a first and second weight values for merging the pre-processed first and second exposure data.
Information processing apparatus and information processing method to control exposure for imaging the eye
An information processing device including a light source control unit that controls a light source that irradiates an eye with light; and an exposure control unit that controls exposure for imaging the eye. The light source control unit sets a state of the light source to an on state or an off state at a time when the exposure is not performed.
Image capturing apparatus, image capturing method, and storage medium
An image capturing apparatus includes a spatial light modulator configured to shape a wavefront of light traveling from a light source to an object, an image capturer configured to generate image data by capturing an image of the object, and a controller configured to control the spatial light modulator and to make the image capturer capture the image when object light among the light reaches the image capturer via the object. The controller performs an optimization control of the spatial light modulator so as to maximum or minimize a value of an objective function set by using a luminance value in a target area corresponding to the object light in the image data.
Actuator of camera module
An actuator of a camera module includes a driving coil disposed to face a detection target; a driving circuit including a plurality of transistors connected to the driving coil; and a processor configured to provide a respective gate control signal to a gate of each of the plurality of transistors, and detect a displacement of the detection target based on a component of an oscillation signal generated in a driving signal applied to the driving coil in response to an operation of any one of the plurality of transistors being switched by the respective gate control signal.
Camera posture estimation method and substrate processing apparatus
A method for estimating a posture of a camera installed in a substrate processing apparatus to obliquely photograph an object includes removing the remaining background other than a substrate and performing ellipse fitting, adjusting a yaw direction of the camera by using a difference between the center of a camera image and the center of an elliptical substrate image obtained by performing the ellipse fitting, adjusting a roll direction of the camera by using a tilt angle of an ellipse in the elliptical substrate image obtained by performing the ellipse fitting, and adjusting a pitch direction of the camera by using a ratio of a minor axis to a major axis of the ellipse in the elliptical substrate image obtained by performing the ellipse fitting.
Power management module and method for managing power supply
A power management module for managing power supply from a power sourcing equipment item to an associated apparatus, which includes a connexion interface suitable for connecting the power management module to the associated apparatus for estimating a power that the power management module is able to supply via the connexion interface, negotiating, based on the power estimated by the means for estimating power, the start-up of the associated apparatus in a power class, the means for negotiating comprising means for supplying power via the connexion interface, determining an updated power that the power management module is able to supply, when power is supplied to the associated apparatus by said means for supplying power, and re-negotiating the start-up of the associated apparatus based on the determined updated power.
Eye tracking using video information and electrooculography information
Disclosed are an apparatus and a method of low-latency, low-power eye tracking. In some embodiments, the eye tracking method operates a first sensor having a first level of power consumption that tracks positions of an eye of a user. In response to detection that the eye does not change position for a time period, the method stops operation of the first sensor and instead operates a second sensor that detects a change of position of the eye. The second sensor has a level of power consumption lower than the level of power consumption of the first sensor. Once the eye position changes, the second sensor resumes operation.
Panoramic sea view monitoring method and device, server and system
The embodiments of the present invention provide a panoramic sea view monitoring method, said method including: aligning any two adjacent monitoring cameras among a plurality of monitoring cameras, so that the any two adjacent monitoring cameras are located on the same physical horizontal plane in a field of view; obtaining monitoring images by using the plurality of aligned monitoring cameras and a depth-of-field camera to monitor a panoramic sea view; determining a horizontal spacing parameter and a vertical spacing parameter of the any two adjacent monitoring cameras; and using the horizontal spacing parameter and the vertical spacing parameter to combine the monitoring images in a pairwise manner, so as to construct a two-dimensional scene. The present invention also provides a panoramic sea view monitoring device, a server and a system. The present invention can reduce the complexity of the system while reducing the cost.
Transform processors for gradually switching between image transforms
An imaging system may include transform circuitry to transform a captured input image into desired output images. In some applications, it may be desired to transition between a first output image and a second output image that have been respectively produced using first and second transforms. To perform this transition gradually, the transform circuitry may include a transform processor and an interpolation processor that produce discrete intermediate output images between the first output image and the second output image. The transform processor may generate a set of individual transforms between the first transform and the second transform or may interpolate between the first transform and the second transform to produce interpolated transforms. In either case, the transform circuitry may produce the intermediate output images using the produced transforms, and the output images may be output in a continuous stream to gradually transition between the first and second output images.
Electronic device with image capture command source identification and corresponding methods
A method, and corresponding electronic device, receives, at a user interface of the electronic device, a command to capture one or more images. An imager of the electronic device initiates capturing the one or more images. One or more sensors of the electronic device, optionally in conjunction with one or more processors, identify a source of the command to capture the one or more images. The one or more processors can then apply a digital data identifier to the one or more images, the digital data identifier identifying the source of the command to capture the one or more images.
Method of setting initial position of camera, camera, and camera system
In one aspect of the present invention, when reset of a camera is received, a pan motor and a tilt motor of a pan and tilt mechanism are rotated in a first preset rotation direction, and the pan and tilt mechanism is first moved to a pan reference position and a tilt reference position. Thereafter, the pan motor and the tilt motor are rotated in a second rotation direction opposite to the first rotation direction, and the pan and tilt mechanism is moved to an initial pan position and an initial tilt position. Using a movement of the pan and tilt mechanism to initial pan and tilt positions, detection of a subject for automatic tracking is performed, and if the subject is detected, then transition to an automatic tracking state is caused to occur.
Detection apparatus for detecting portion satisfying predetermined condition from image, image processing apparatus for applying predetermined image processing on image, detection method, and image processing method
A detection method includes image acquisition processing for acquiring an image; white balance adjustment processing for adjusting a white balance of the image which is acquired in the image acquisition processing; control processing for controlling adjustment content of the white balance in the white balance adjustment processing, on the basis of a specific color serving as a reference; and detection processing for detecting a portion satisfying a predetermined condition relevant to the specific color from the acquired image in which the white balance has not adjusted, on the basis of the image in which the white balance has been adjusted by the adjustment content of the white balance controlled in the control processing.
Imaging control system, imaging control method, program, and recording medium for controlling operation of digital imaging device
Provided is a technique for preventing a user of a digital imaging device to capture an inappropriate image and urging the user to capture an appropriate image.In an imaging control system, an imaging control method, a program, and a recording medium, operation control information including an evaluation item of an image and control content relating to an evaluation result with respect to the evaluation item of the image is acquired in an operation control device, images captured by the plurality of digital imaging devices are analyzed, each image is evaluated with respect to the evaluation item on the basis of the analysis result of the image, and an operation of each of the digital imaging devices is controlled in accordance with control content relating to the evaluation result of the image with respect to the evaluation item.
Miniature image pickup module and manufacturing method thereof
A miniature image pickup module and a manufacturing method are provided. The manufacturing method includes the following steps. In a step (a), a substrate with two vertical conductor lines is provided. In a step (b), a photosensitive element is provided. The photosensitive element is fixed on the substrate. The two vertical conductor lines are penetrated through two openings of the photosensitive element. Moreover, first ends of the vertical conductor lines are located away from the substrate and partially exposed to a top surface of the photosensitive element. In a step (c), the first ends of the vertical conductor lines are electrically connected with the corresponding bonding pads. In a step (d), a lens module is fixed on the substrate to cover a top side of the photosensitive element, so that the miniature image pickup module is manufactured.
Endoscope imaging module with signal cable and flexible linear structure
An imaging module includes: an image-sensing device; a first substrate; a signal cable; a second substrate; and a flexible linear structure. Each of the first substrate and the second substrate includes a wiring and a cable terminal electrically connected to the signal cable on only one surface of the substrate. Each of the wiring of the first substrate and the wiring of the second substrate is electrically connected to the signal line via the cable terminal. The flexible linear structure extends in a direction along the signal cable from a front-end portion of the flexible linear structure supported by a structure-front-end support including the first substrate, and the flexible linear structure is disposed on a side of the signal cable where the first substrate and the second substrate are disposed.
Techniques for device attachment with dual band imaging sensor
Various techniques are disclosed for providing a device attachment configured to releasably attach to and provide infrared imaging functionality to mobile phones or other portable electronic devices. The device attachment may include an infrared imagining module and a non-thermal imaging module that cooperate with one or more of a non-thermal imaging module in an attached device and a light source in the attached device for capturing and processing images.
Lighting devices configurable for generating a visual signature
A lighting device includes a light source, an image sensor, a controller, a memory, and a wireless transceiver. The light source is configured to emit light for general illumination. The image sensor is configured to acquire an image of an area illuminated by the light source. The controller is coupled to control the image sensor and to receive the acquired image of the illuminated area from the image sensor. The controller is configured to operate the wireless transceiver to receive identification information from a wireless device in the illuminated area. The controller is further configured to automatically generate a visual signature based on image information of a person or object, obtained from the image of the illuminated area. The controller also is configured to store the visual signature of the person or object in the memory in association with the wireless device identification information.
Small, solid-state imaging module and harness unit
The imaging module includes: an image-sensing device, circuit substrate, fixing member, signal cable, and electroconductive member. The image-sensing device includes: a connection electrode. The circuit substrate includes: a substrate main body, electrode terminal, cable terminal, and connection wiring. The substrate main body has two surfaces and is an insulating member. The electrode terminal is on the first surface and is electrically connected to the connection electrode. The cable terminal is on the second surface. Inside the substrate main body, the connection wiring electrically connects the electrode terminal to the cable terminal. The fixing member has a through hole and a substrate connection face opposite the second surface. The signal cable is inserted into the through hole and is fixed by the fixing member. The electroconductive member connects the second surface to the substrate connection face and electrically connects the conductor end face to the cable terminal.
Image reader, image forming apparatus, and image density correcting method
An image reader includes a reading device to read an image on a recording medium, a first conveying roller pair upstream of the reading device in a conveyance direction of the recording medium, a second conveying roller pair downstream of the reading device in the conveyance direction, to hold the recording medium together with the first conveying roller pair to convey the recording medium, and a driver to drive the first conveying roller pair and the second conveying roller pair so that a relative relation between a reading position of the reading device and the recording medium held by the first conveying roller pair and the second conveying roller pair is constant. The reading device determines that the image read from the recording medium is effective in a period in which the relative relation is constant.
Operation panel and operation device
An operation panel includes: a housing; a reading unit configured to read information from a medium allowed to approach a predetermined position of the housing; a first operation unit provided outside a predetermined range including the position in a front surface of the housing and configured to receive an operation; and a second operation unit provided within the range, configured to receive an operation, and configured to receive the operation less easily than the first operation unit.
Information processing apparatus, method of controlling information processing apparatus, and program
An information processing apparatus determines whether information extracted from a read two-dimensional code is first connection information about an access point of a network or second connection information for connecting to a communication apparatus. If the information processing apparatus determines that the extracted information is the first connection information, the information processing apparatus connects to the network via the access point corresponding to the first connection information, automatically searches for a plurality of communication apparatuses connected to the network, displays a list of the plurality of detected communication apparatuses, and connects to a communication apparatus selected from the displayed list. If the information processing apparatus determines that the extracted information is the second connection information, the information processing apparatus connects to the communication apparatus using the second connection information.
Virus check method and information processing device, image forming device, and image forming system that perform the virus check method
An information processing device includes: a storage that stores data; and a hardware processor. The hardware processor: receives the data and stores the data in the storage; checks the data for viruses when the data is received; sends the data stored in the storage to an external device; determines whether the data has been checked for viruses when the data is sent to the external device; and adds, upon determining that the data has been checked for viruses, checked information to the data to be sent.
Platform for enabling sponsors to sponsor functions of a computing device
Systems, methods, and computer-readable media are described for sponsoring functions of computing devices associated with users. A sponsor may define a sponsorship that includes rules for sponsoring certain functions available to a user via a computing device. The execution of the functions may be facilitated, in some instances, by a service provider that may also specify rules and policies that control the functions. As such, when the user executes one or more of the sponsored functions by way of the computing device, instead of charging the associated cost to the user, the service provider may charge the cost to the sponsor based on the associated rules and policies.
Matching using agent/caller sensitivity to performance
A method, system and program product, the method comprising: obtaining for each call in one set of calls a respective pattern representing multiple different respective data fields; obtaining performance data for the respective patterns of the calls; obtaining performance data for the respective agents; determining agent performance sensitivity to call pattern performance for agents in a set of agents comprising the agent performance data correlated to call performance data for the calls the agent handles; and matching a respective one of the agents from the set of agents to one of the calls based at least in part on the performance data for the respective pattern of the one call and on the agent sensitivity to call performance for the respective one agent of the set of agents.
Techniques for decisioning behavioral pairing in a task assignment system
Techniques for decisioning behavioral pairing in a task assignment system are disclosed. In one particular embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a method for decisioning behavioral pairing in a task assignment system comprising: determining, by at least one computer processor communicatively coupled to and configured to operate in the task assignment system, a plurality of possible task-agent pairings among at least one task waiting for assignment and at least one agent available for assignment; and selecting, by the least one computer processor for assignment in the task assignment system, a first task-agent pairing of the plurality of possible task-agent pairings based at least in part on a first offer set to be offered by the agent or a first compensation to be received by the agent.
Techniques for pairing contacts and agents in a contact center system
Techniques for pairing contacts and agents in a contact center system are disclosed. In one particular embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a method for pairing contacts and agents in a contact center system comprising: assigning, by at least one computer processor communicatively coupled to and configured to operate in the contact center system, a contact to an agent based on information associated with a prior interaction of the contact with the contact center system. The assigning of the contact to the agent may result in a less favorable outcome for the contact assigned to the agent and an increase in an overall performance of the contact center system.
Techniques for estimating expected performance in a task assignment system
Techniques for estimating expected performance of a task assignment strategy in a task assignment system are disclosed. In one particular embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a method comprising receiving, by at least one computer processor communicatively coupled to a task assignment system, a plurality of historical agent task assignments; determining, by the at least one computer processor, a sample of the plurality based on a strategy for pairing agents with tasks; determining, by the at least one computer processor, an expected performance of the strategy based on the sample; outputting, by the at least one computer processor, the expected performance; and optimizing, by the at least one computer processor, the performance of the task assignment system based on the expected performance.
Response quality index for service sessions
Techniques are described for analyzing communications sent during a service session to provide (e.g., customer) service on a social media channel, the analysis to determine a quality of service provided during the session. Natural language processing, lexical analysis, pattern matching, or other types of analysis may be used to determine an empathy factor and a conversational factor for communications between a service representative (SR) and a user during a session. The factors may be combined with other factors, such as a timely acknowledgement factor and a timely resolution factor, to generate a response quality index (RQI) for the session. Based on the RQI, feedback information may be generated and sent to the SR. In some implementations, the communications may be analyzed and feedback information sent to the SR in real time during the session, to dynamically improve service quality.
Call center interface
One or more embodiments of techniques or systems for intelligent data presentation are provided herein. Data can be presented on similar devices having different characteristics in different manners. For example, data may be rendered in a first manner on a first device having one monitor, the same data may be rendered in a second manner on a second device having two displays or a different display size. Financial information, sales data, banking information, etc. may be presented in a variety of ways based on capabilities or properties of a device accessing the information or data. Similarly, renderings may be selected based on interaction capabilities or interaction options a user may have with different renderings or presentations. In other embodiments, user interaction with an automated teller machine (ATM), call center, vehicle, or other interface can be based on device properties or device capabilities.
Real time sign language conversion for communication in a contact center
Interactions between agents of a contact center and customers provide the bulk of many communications and generally work well, except when the customer is deaf or mute. Customers that sign would often prefer to conduct interactions in sign language but the pool of agents having such skills is limited. By providing systems and methods to alter an image of a non-signing agent, a customer may be presented with an image of a signing agent. Additionally, systems and methods herein enable a non-signing agent to be presented with generated speech and/or text translated from the signing gestures provided by the image of the signing customer.
System and method for using public registry to enhance caller information and determine call handling for called parties
Systems and methods are provided for using a registry to assure parties receiving a communication, such as an incoming phone call, that the party sending the communication, such as the caller is, who it appears to be. In some embodiments the registry is a publicly accessible database which stores communication identifiers such as telephone numbers for parties in association with other data including data provided by the parties or others. The other data may include the name of the party associated with the identifier, a cryptographic public key used by the party as part of a public/private key pair, data representing the intent of the party in sending a communication, and parameters set by parties to be satisfied to receive communications or in determining how such communications should be handled. The system may provide the data representing the party's specific intention in that call or other communication to the party receiving the communication.
Message display method, user terminal, and graphical user interface
A message display method, a user terminal, and a graphical user interface, where the method includes: detecting, by a user terminal, a press parameter when a user performs a press operation on the user terminal, and displaying the unread dedicated message when the first press parameter is greater than a first preset parameter and an unread dedicated message of the user exists in a group of a communicate application. Hence, the user only needs to press the user terminal, and when a press condition is met, the user terminal can automatically display the unread dedicated message of the user. Therefore, it is more convenient to view a dedicated message.
Cloud system for controlling outdoor grill with mobile application
Embodiments are directed to communicating with and controlling operation of electronically-controlled appliances. In one scenario, a computer system receives a first input from a computing system indicating that an electronically-controlled appliance is permitted to communicate with a cloud computing platform. The computer system generates a notification that is to be sent to a software application, where the software application is configured to control functions of the electronically-controlled appliance. The computer system transmits the generated notification to the software application, where the generated notification indicates that the cloud computing platform is communicably connected to the electronically-controlled appliance. The computer system then receives a second input from the software application indicating that specified functions are to be performed on the electronically-controlled appliance, and transmits instructions to the electronically-controlled appliance to perform the specified functions. These functions are then interpreted and carried out by a hardware controller on the electronically-controlled appliance.
Cell phone attachment
A mobile phone attachment allows a mobile phone to be recovered if dropped in water by inflating an air bag in the attachment whenever the mobile phone is dropped in water.
Handheld system for three-dimensional scanning with a smartphone
The system according to the present invention enables a sensor to be applied compactly and economically, in particular for a three-dimensional scan to a smartphone, enabling it to control its main functions with one hand. The peculiar features of this system include the simplicity of mating with the smartphone and the ergonomic design that allows it to be used with one hand.
Efficient parsing of extended packet headers
Communication apparatus includes multiple interfaces configured to be connected to a network so as to receive and transmit data packets having respective packet headers, which can include sub-headers of different, respective types. A memory stores instructions for parsing each type of sub-headers and a transition table, which indicates, for each of the types, a location of the instructions for parsing a subsequent sub-header depending upon the type of the subsequent sub-header. A plurality of predefined types are represented in the transition table by a common alias. Routing logic parses the first sub-header in a packet, reads the type of the second sub-header from the first sub-header, and accesses the transition table using the common alias in place of the type of the first sub-header so as to locate and read the instructions for parsing the second sub-header.
Apparatus and method for converting protocol by type of data and vehicle system
The present disclosure provides an apparatus and a method for converting a protocol by a type of data, and a vehicle system. The apparatus includes a storage configured to store a conversion table that defines a protocol conversion method depending on the type of data, a protocol conversion device configured to receive Controller Area Network (CAN) data from a CAN node in a vehicle, to call the conversion table, to determine the protocol conversion method corresponding to a type of the CAN data, and to convert a communication protocol of the CAN data to an Ethernet-based communication protocol based on the protocol conversion method, and a transmission processing device configured to convert a message format of the CAN data to an Ethernet message format and to transmit the CAN data to an external server.
A method of data nibble-histogram compression can include determining a first amount of space freed by compressing the input data using a first compression technique, determining a second amount of space freed by compressing the input data using a second, different compression technique, compressing the input data using the compression technique of the first and second compression techniques determined to free up more space to create compressed input data, and inserting into the compressed input data, security data including one of a message authentication control (MAC) and an inventory control tag (ICT).
Estimating video quality of experience metrics from encrypted network traffic
In one example, a processing system including at least one processor obtains a transport control protocol flow associated with a video session that streams a video from a server to a client. The transport control protocol flow comprises a plurality encrypted packets exchanged between the server and the client. The processing system then reconstructs a hypertext transfer protocol transaction that is part of the streaming video session. The reconstructing is performed without decrypting the plurality of encrypted packets.
Secure network access to medical device
A method of improving network access security on a medical device includes opening a communication port on the medical device to establish a communication session on a network and transmitting medical device data to a computer over the network during the communication session. After the medical device data is transmitted to the computer, the method includes transmitting to the computer a request for a command from the computer during the communication session. The method also includes receiving a command from the computer, processing the command, and closing the communication port on the medical device.
Method and apparatus for sending a push content
A terminal receiving a push message is provided. The terminal sets service control condition which specifies application identifier (app ID) corresponding to service that the terminal is allowed to receive, wherein the service control condition is contained in push message control policy. And the terminal then receives a push message, matching the push message control policy, sent by a server.
Curating collaboration activity
Systems for curating and presenting relevant collaboration activity to newly-added users in a cloud-based content management platform. A method embodiment commences by observing and recording user events that correspond to interactions between any number of users and any number of content objects. When a new person who does not have an event history is added, his/her user profile is updated to indicate he/she is a new user, and a start-up proxy user is identified. The proxy user refers to either a real user that is in some way similar to the newly-added user, or the proxy user is a virtual user as amalgamated from previously recorded user history records. The events in the history records of the proxy user are associated with the newly-added user. When the newly-added user interacts with a user interface of the cloud-based content management platform, feed entries are generated and presented to the newly-added user.
Client device application interaction monitoring
Systems and methods herein allow for automatic monitoring of conversions associated with uniform resource identifiers (URIs) accessed via client applications but actuated on web browsers. Upon actuation of a URI on a browser of a client device, a data processing system can assign a click ID to the actuation event and send it to the client device. The client device can open the URI in a client application and send the click ID and a client ID associated with the client device to the client device. The data processing system can map the click ID to the client ID. Upon occurrence of a URI related conversion, on the client application, the data processing system can receive a conversion message indicative of the conversion and including the client ID, and link the URI related conversion to the click ID based on the stored mapping.
System and method for managing conferencing in a distributed communication network
Systems and methods for a conferencing system. Responsive to a new conference request received at a conference orchestration service, participants of the conference and participant regions for each determined participant are determined. A mixer topology is generated that specifies an assignment of each determined participant to at least one input channel of a plurality of mixers. A mixer state manager generates the mixer topology based on the determined participant regions and at least one regional association of a mixer. Media of each determined participant is routed to the assigned at least one input channel according to the generated mixer topology by using the conference orchestration service. The mixer state manager generates the topology responsive to a request provided by the conference state manager. The conference orchestration service receives the generated mixer topology from the mixer state manager via the conference state manager.
Method and apparatus for displaying application data in wireless communication system
Provided is a method for displaying application data in a wireless communication system, the method including transmitting, by a first device, audio and video data out of application data executed by the first device to a second device in a Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) Display (WFD) session, if the WFD session is established through discovery between the first device and the second device, transmitting, by the first device, text or Graphic User Interface (GUI) data related to the transmitted audio and video data, to the second device in a session that is different from the WFD session, and receiving, by the first device, a close command for the application data and sending a message comprising a set parameter for stopping display of the text or GUI data to the second device.
Web-cloud hosted unified physical security system
A system comprises a web-cloud security subsystem that hosts, manages, and analyzes data related to a plurality of hosted applications that provide at least one of physical access control, surveillance, alarm management, visitor management, and elevator management; at least one physical security subsystem that exchanges data with a corresponding hosted application of the web-cloud security subsystem; and a real-time control and monitoring device that provides secure access of the web-cloud security subsystem.
Wireless communication between medical devices using multiple communication protocols
A method comprising: establishing a wireless connection between a first medical device and a second medical device, comprising: receiving, by the first medical device, via a short-range wireless technology protocol, connection information related to the second medical device; and establishing, by the first medical device, a wireless connection with the second medical device based on the connection information.
System and method for client policy assignment in a data storage system
A system and method for property assignment in a data storage system is presented. A data storage system defines a client configuration profile comprising a set of storage operation properties, wherein the storage operation properties regulate criteria for performing storage operations by the data agent on client devices that are associated with the client configuration profile. A storage management system associates a first client device to the client configuration profile; and communicates the set of properties of the client configuration profile to property tables of corresponding objects in the first client device.
Content distribution using ad hoc mesh networks
Aspects discussed herein relate to systems, apparatuses, and methods for providing content distribution via a breadth-first approach for peer-to-peer file sharing in a temporary ad hoc mesh network. For example, a peer-to-peer orchestrator may receive requests for the same asset from multiple mobile devices, determine which of the mobile devices are likely to travel along the same route at the same time, group them together and cause transmission of different asset parts of the requested asset to different mobile devices in the group. If the mobile devices in the group lose connection with the peer-to-peer orchestrator, they may form an ad hock mesh network and retrieve asset parts from one another. If the group reconnects with a peer-to-peer orchestrator, additional asset parts of the asset may be transmitted to the group and the process may repeat so that each mobile device may obtain each of the asset parts.
Delayed responder-not-ready negative acknowledgement
A method for communication includes receiving in a computer system a request from a peer computer system. Upon finding that the computer system is currently not ready to process the request, a Negative Acknowledgement (NAK) message is sent from the computer system to the peer computer system, at a sending time that is derived from a time at which the computer system is ready to process the request.
Contextually interacting with applications
The present discussion relates to contextually interacting with applications. One example can include a computer that has a set of applications installed thereon. This example can also include a URI manager configured to receive a context-defining URI, the URI manager can be configured to run a sub-set of the applications specified by the context-defining URI and to set a common context for the sub-set of the applications as specified by the context-defining URI.
Data locality-aware MapReduce using IoT devices
A client network implements data locality-aware MapReduce using IoT devices. An IoT service of a provider network receives configuration settings from a user to implement map nodes and reduce nodes at the client network. Each map node is configured to receive its own locality-based partition of data from one or more data sources (e.g., sensors) that are within a map function data locality (e.g., a particular location of the network). Each map node then processes the locality-based partition of the data, generates results, and sends the results to a reduce node. The reduce node may be located at a remote provider network. A coordinator node may also be deployed to one or more devices of the client network. If a map node or a compute node becomes overloaded, the coordinator node may redirect some data to a map node or a reduce node of a remote provider network.
Systems, methods, devices and arrangements for server load distribution
A variety of methods, systems, devices and arrangements are implemented for controlling server load-distributions. According to one such computer-implemented method, a desired server load-distribution is assigned for a plurality of computer servers that collectively provide services to computer clients. In response to a computer client request for service, a subset of computer servers is selected from the plurality of computer servers. Weight factors for servers of the selected subset of servers are determined as a function of the overall server load-distribution-profile and the selected subset.
Internet protocol version 6 content routing
A content delivery system includes a cache server, a domain name server, and a redirector. The domain name server is configured to receive a request for a cache server address, and provide an IPv6 anycast address. The redirector is configured to receive a content request addressed to the IPv6 anycast address from a client system, receive load information from the cache server, and determine if the cache server is available. The redirector is further configured to forward the content request to the cache server when the cache server is available. The cache server is configured to receive the content request forwarded from the redirectors, send a response to the content request to a client system, the response including an IPv6 unicast address of the cache server as a source address, an IPv6 unicast address of the client system as a destination address, and the IPv6 anycast address as a home address, and provide the content to the requestor.
Management system and method
A system for managing received data is provided, which, as an expiration date and time, sets time at which a notification is executed for each entity written into an expiration date and time table, deletes the entity in response to an event that is a lapse of the expiration date and time, and executes a notification to a registration destination.
Merge trees for collaboration
Disclosed embodiments provide for collaborative access to a distributed data structure. The disclosed embodiments include collaboration participant devices or instances that each represent a distributed data structure via a tree data structure. The collaboration participants perform operations on the distributed data structure and communicate these operations to each other via a serialization service. The tree structure maintained by each of the collaboration participants stores unacknowledged operations and also collaboration participant specific length information for collaboration participants. Once a particular operation has been acknowledged by each of the collaboration participants, this is communicated to all of the participants by the serialization service. The collaboration participants may then perform maintenance on a portion of the tree structure represented the acknowledged operation. For example, nodes of the tree representing adjacent data in the distributed data structure may be combined, or data removed by an acknowledged operation may be removed from the tree.
Cross-cloud namespace management for multi-tenant environments
Conditional address translation is performed in a multi-tenant cloud infrastructure to effectively support tenant-assigned addresses. For each tenant, the multi-tenant cloud infrastructure deploys both a private network used to communicate between the tenant and the cloud and a tenant-facing gateway to manage the private network. The multi-tenant cloud infrastructure also includes an externally-facing gateway used to communicate between the multi-tenant cloud and a public network. The tenant-facing gateways are configured to bypass address translation—providing consistent addressing across each private network irrespective of the physical location of resources linked by the private network. By contrast, the public-facing gateway is configured to translate source addresses in outgoing packets to addresses that are unique within the public network. Advantageously, discriminately mapping addresses enables multiple tenants to interact in a uniform fashion with both on-premises resources and cloud-hosted resources without incurring undesirable address collisions between tenants.
Passive re-assembly of HTTP2 fragmented segments
A method, program product, and system for re-assembling fragmented HTTP2 fragments is provided. In response to receiving a SSL/TLS segment, a TCP sequence number hash table is queried for the TCP sequence number included in the SSL/TLS segment header. In response to locating a matching TCP sequence number, extracting from the TCP sequence number hash table an associated stream identifier, and resuming fragmented re-assembly using the associated stream identifier, by extracting the matching HTTP2 stream identifier from a HTTP2 hash table, a HTTP2 buffer and the remaining message length. A new HTTP2 hash table entry is created when a matching entry is not found, indicating start of a new message. For each segment, data from the SSL/TLS segment is appended to the HTTP2 buffer until the complete HTTP2 message is re-assembled. The re-assembled HTTP2 response/request is sent to its destination, and the corresponding entries are deleted from the hash tables.
System and method for delegating service entitlements across multiple media services
A system and method are provided for delegating entitlements to media services. The method includes storing, at an intermediary system operable between a plurality of service providers and a plurality of user devices, authorization data for each of a plurality of media services associated with a first user, the authorization data enabling the intermediary system to access the corresponding media service from a service provider on behalf of the first user. The method also includes, after detecting a request to access one of the plurality of media services by a second user, using a set of stored associations to determine whether or not the second user has been delegated an entitlement to the one of the plurality of media services by the first user. The method also includes, after determining that the second user has the entitlement, using corresponding authorization data to access the one of the plurality of media services on behalf of the second user, via a communication interface between the intermediary system and the corresponding service provider.
Learning technique for QoS based classification and prioritization of SAAS applications
The systems and methods of the present disclosure are directed towards a dynamic system that is configured to identify and map networked traffic, such as that of video, voice, file transfer, and web based applications to predetermined Quality of Service (QoS) classes. The different QoS classes can be associated with different traffic priorities. The networked traffic can be encrypted, which can prevent an intermediate device from processing or otherwise reading the packet headers of the traffic. The systems and methods of the present disclosure can predict QoS classes for encrypted traffic based on traffic patterns and other characteristics of the encrypted traffic.
Retrieval and playout of media content
An example method involves (i) accessing a playlist defining a sequence of media content items including a first media content item and a second media content item; (ii) retrieving, from one or more server devices, first data representing the media content items of the received playlist, and using the retrieved first data to play out, via a client device, the media content items in accordance with the sequence defined by the playlist; (iii) accessing second data representing user activity related to the client device, and using the accessed second data as a basis to select a media content item from a plurality of media content items; and (iv) retrieving third data representing the selected media content item, and using the retrieved third data to play out, via the client device, the selected media content item in between playing out the first and second media content items.
Allocating limit to allowable end-to-end latency variation based on destination capability
Methods and systems for establishing new streaming sessions based on capabilities of their destinations, including the steps of: receiving a request to establish a new streaming session over a new path, in presence of an existing streaming session. Receiving capabilities of a destination of the new streaming session. Allocating for the new streaming session a limit for an allowable end-to-end latency variation thereof, based on the capabilities. Estimating, before the new streaming session is established, an estimated end-to-end latency variation of the new streaming session, supposing it is established over the first path. Determining, based on comparing the estimated end-to-end latency variation with the limit, that the estimated end-to-end latency variation exceeds the limit. And rejecting the request, based on the determination.
Usage authorization control for group communications in a communication network
Embodiments described herein provide usage authorization control for group communications. In one embodiment, a network element identifies a group communication for an end user of User Equipment (UE), and identifies a group ID for the group communication. The network element retrieves a user profile of the end user from a Home Subscriber Server (HSS), and determines from the user profile and the group ID whether the end user is a member of the group. The network element provides, on the condition that the end user is a member of the group, the group ID to the HSS and receives group usage rules for the group from the HSS. The network element allows the group communication on the condition that the group communication is permitted by one or more of the group usage rules.
Conducting electronic meetings over computer networks using interactive whiteboard appliances and mobile devices
An approach is provided for integrating mobile devices into electronic meetings conducted over computer networks using IWB appliances. The approach includes a user-friendly way for users to join electronic meetings using mobile devices. The approach also allows participants to command and control an electronic meeting using their mobile device, and to receive individualized output, such as meeting transcripts, real-time language translation, messages, prompts, meeting information, and personalized audio streams.
Session control logic with internet protocol (IP)-based routing
Disclosed is an architecture that distributes session control logic across multiple points of a telecommunications network. Also disclosed are techniques and systems using Internet Protocol (IP)-based routing to establish communication sessions. A user equipment (UE) may receive user input to initiate a communication session, derive a destination IP address, generate a session request having at least the destination IP address, and send the session request a server. The server may receive the session request from the UE, replace the destination IP address in the session request with an IP address of an endpoint device to generate a modified session request, and route the modified session request to the endpoint device based at least in part on the IP address of the endpoint device.
Notifying changes in radio access technology
A method of notifying one or more network nodes in a communications network, comprising an Internet Protocol Multimedia Subsystem, IMS, of a change in RAT used by a user equipment for a communications session, the method comprising at a CSCF prior to set-up of the communications session, indicating by the CSCF to a PCRF that the CSCF requires RAT change notifications for the user equipment, providing a capability indication by the CSCF to the one or more network nodes that the CSCF supports RAT change notifications and receiving from at least one of the one or more network nodes a requirement indication, which indicates that the network node requires RAT change notifications. The method further comprises on receipt of a RAT change notification by the CSCF propagating the RAT change notification to each of the nodes from which a requirement indication has been received.
Systems, methods, and devices for securely managing network connections
The disclosure relates generally to methods, systems, and apparatuses for managing network connections. A method may include identifying a first state of a first endpoint connection of a first networked machine and a second state of a second endpoint connection of a second network machine, and confirming the first state and the second state based on expected states for the first networked machine and the second network machine, wherein the expected states comprise a list of expected connections.
Systems and methods for storing a security parameter index in an options field of an encapsulation header
Certain embodiments described herein are generally directed to a first host machine exchanging a Security Parameter Index (SPI) value with a second host machine by storing the SPI in an options field of an encapsulation header of an encapsulated packet.
Systems and methods for attack simulation on a production network
The disclosure is directed towards systems and methods for improving security in a computer network. The system can include a planner and a plurality of controllers. The controllers can be deployed within each zone of the production network. Each controller can be configured to assume the role of an attacker or a target for malicious network traffic. Simulations of malicious behavior can be performed by the controllers within the production network, and can therefore account for the complexities of the production network, such as stateful connections through switches, routers, and other intermediary devices. In some implementations, the planner can analyze data received from the controllers to provide a holistic analysis of the overall security posture of the production network.
Rule-based network-threat detection
A packet-filtering device may receive packet-filtering rules configured to cause the packet-filtering device to identify packets corresponding to network-threat indicators. The packet-filtering device may receive packets and, for each packet, may determine that the packet corresponds to criteria specified by a packet-filtering rule. The criteria may correspond to one or more of the network-threat indicators. The packet-filtering device may apply an operator specified by the packet-filtering rule. The operator may be configured to cause the packet-filtering device to either prevent the packet from continuing toward its destination or allow the packet to continue toward its destination. The packet-filtering device may generate a log entry comprising information from the packet-filtering rule that identifies the one or more network-threat indicators and indicating whether the packet-filtering device prevented the packet from continuing toward its destination or allowed the packet to continue toward its destination.
Malicious network content detection
An electronic message is analyzed for malware contained in the message. Text of an electronic message may be analyzed to detect and process malware content in the electronic message itself. The present technology may analyze an electronic message and attachments to electronic messages to detect a uniform resource location (URL), identify whether the URL is suspicious, and analyze all suspicious URLs to determine if they are malware. The analysis may include re-playing the suspicious URL in a virtual environment which simulates the intended computing device to receive the electronic message. If the re-played URL is determined to be malicious, the malicious URL is added to a black list which is updated throughout the computer system.
Method of aiding the detection of infection of a terminal by malware
A method for aiding detection of infection of a terminal by malware. The method includes: reception of a current request originating from the terminal asking for access to a resource of a network; detection that the resource requested is malevolent; when the current request includes a reference to an initial resource, verification that access to the initial resource has been requested from the terminal in at least one earlier request, the initial resource having been detected legitimate during processing of the earlier request; and wherein the current request being then considered to be an attempt to infect the terminal.
Client reputation driven role-based access control
The present disclosure discloses a system and method for dynamically modifying role based access control for a client based on the activity. Generally, a client device is granted access to a network resource based on a first reputation score assigned to the client device. The activity of the client device is monitored. Responsive to monitoring the activity of the client device, a second reputation score is determined for the client device based on the activity. The access by the client device to the network resource is then modified to be granted based on the second reputation score.
Systems and methods for detection of malicious activity in vehicle data communication networks
There is provided a method for identifying malicious activity that changes the integrity of data sent out from a vehicle, comprising: intercepting, by an output data monitoring agent that monitors data sent out from the vehicle to an external receiving computing unit using a communication interface in communication with a network; intercepting, by at least one sensor data monitoring agent that monitors sensor data outputted by at least one sensor associated with the vehicle; monitoring the integrity of the data sent out by the vehicle by analyzing the data collected by the output data monitoring agent with the sensor data collected by the at least one sensor data monitoring agent to identify a mismatch; and identifying an indication of malicious activity that changed the data sent out from the vehicle relative to the data sensed by the at least one sensor.
Communications bus signal fingerprinting
Methods are provided herein for communications bus signal fingerprinting. A security module monitors a plurality of voltage lines of at least one electronic control unit (ECU) electrically coupled to a communications bus. A voltage differential across at least two of the plurality of voltage lines of the at least one ECU is measured. The voltage differential is compared to a plurality of predetermined signal fingerprints associated with the at least one ECU. A variance in the compared voltage differential is identified relative to one or more of the plurality of predetermined signal fingerprints. Data characterizing the identified variance is provided.
Information flow enforcement for multilevel secure systems
A multilevel security fabric with address management units communicatively coupled to ports of a communication fabric and nodes of a multilevel security system are disclosed. The communication fabric facilitates communication between the nodes. An address management unit associated with a particular node extracts address maps contained in data requests associated with the particular node and regulates communication of that node any other nodes within the system across the communication fabric based on whether the extracted address maps are within an allowable address access range specified for the particular node. In the event that an extracted address map fails to fall within the allowable address access range, the address management unit may block the communication with the particular node. Accordingly, the address management unit may enforce multilevel communication across the communication fabric with high assurance.
System and method for authentication in a computing system
A system and method for efficiently accessing Web resources. A directory service and an authentication service may be used to determine whether a login session attempt on a deployed device is successful. At least one deployed device in a system receives credentials from a user during a login request and requests authorization using the received credentials for both a login session and for accessing Web resources. The device sends the authorization request to Web services on a server hosting the Web resources. The Web services interact with an authentication service to verify authentication for the user. The device receives an access token upon verification for authorization for the given user and securely stores it. When a client program executing on the device requests access to the Web resources, the device sends an access request with a copy of the stored access token to the server hosting the Web resources.
Unix password replication to a set of computers
A method of replicating a UNIX password from a source computer to a delimited set of target computers performed by an application executing on a computer system. The method comprises receiving an identity of a source computer, determining a date of a UNIX password associated with a user identity configured on the source computer, determining that the UNIX password associated with the user identity configured on the source computer is less than a predefined number of days old, receiving identities of a plurality of target computers, reading an encrypted UNIX password associated with the user identity from the source computer, and, for each of the target computers, writing the encrypted UNIX password into an entry associated to the user identity in a password file on the target computer.
A secure identifier is derived, using a secured microcontroller of a computing device, that is unique to a pairing of the computing device and a particular domain. Secure posture data corresponding to attributes of the computing device is identified in secured memory of the computing device. The secure identifier and security posture is sent in a secured container to a management device of the particular domain. The particular domain can utilize the information in the secured container to authenticate the computing device and determine a security task to be performed relating to interactions of the computing device with the particular domain.
Certificate-based single sign-on (SSO) from mobile applications over the internet
A technique to establish a secure session to a network-accessible application from a mobile device executing a native app. Initially, the network-accessible application is provisioned for access by an enterprise associating a set of one or more of its enterprise users with the network-accessible application. Thereafter, access to the application is enabled via an identity provider. In operation, the identity provider receives a request to validate that an enterprise user seeking access to the network-accessible application is associated with the application. The request is generated by the application in response to a login request initiated from the native app from a mobile device, wherein a certificate for the application is not available to the native app. Upon validating that the enterprise user is associated with the network-accessible application, the identity provider returns to the application an authentication token evidencing that the enterprise user is permitted to access the network-accessible application for a session.
Using credentials stored in different directories to access a common endpoint
A global endpoint may be associated with an organization name and a plurality of directories located in different geographic regions. The global endpoint may be a computing system that hosts a page used by users to access an application or service. A user may be able to access the application or service using already existing credentials. For example, the user may access the application or service using credentials stored and maintained by an entity with which the user is affiliated. Users having credentials stored in different geographic regions may be able to access the application or service via the same global endpoint.
Retrieving access data for blockchain networks using highly available trusted execution environments
Disclosed herein are methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on computer storage media, for retrieving data from external data sources for processing within a blockchain network. One of the methods includes receiving a request for data that includes encrypted data, the encrypted data including access data that is encrypted using a service public key of a key management node; selecting a relay system node from a plurality of relay system nodes that share a service private key of the key management node; transmitting the request to the relay system node; receiving a response provided from the relay system node, the response including result data and a digital signature, wherein the digital signature is generated based on the result data and the service private key of the key management node; and transmitting the response to a client.
Homomorphic encryption in a healthcare network environment, system and methods
A system and method for homomorphic encryption in a healthcare network environment is provided and includes receiving digital data over the healthcare network at a data custodian server in a plurality of formats from various data sources, encrypting the data according to a homomorphic encryption scheme, receiving a query at the data custodian server from a data consumer device concerning a portion of the encrypted data, initiating a secure homomorphic work session between the data custodian server and the data consumer device, generating a homomorphic work space associated with the homomorphic work session, compiling, by the data custodian server, a results set satisfying the query, loading the results set into the homomorphic work space, and building an application programming interface (API) compatible with the results set, the API facilitating encrypted analysis on the results set in the homomorphic work space.
Systems and methods for providing multi-level network security
Systems and methods for providing network security include receiving, by a first server of a first network, data having a destination of a second network; determining, by the first server, a first set of actions to be taken based at least in part on the data, including transmitting the data to applications on the first server; converting, by the first server, the data into a first data structure; adding, by the first server, the data into a queue shared with a second server of the first computer network; reading, by the second server, the data in the form of the first data structure from the queue; determining, by the second server, a second set of actions to be performed based at least in part on the read data; converting, by the second server, the read data into a second data structure; and transmitting the converted data to the destination.
Enhanced network processing of virtual node data packets
Described herein are systems, methods, and software to enhance the management of packet filters for host computing systems. In one implementation, a method of managing packet filters for a physical network interface on a host computing system includes obtaining dispatch statistics for media access control (MAC) addresses associated with virtual nodes communicating over the physical network interface via a virtual switch. After obtaining the dispatch statistics, the method further provides identifying a filter configuration based on the dispatch statistics, wherein the filter configuration classifies received packets at the physical network interface into processing queues based on attributes identified in the received packets, and applying the filter configuration in the physical network interface.
Device specific website filtering using a bifurcated domain name system
Systems and techniques for location independent website filtering using bifurcated domain name system are described herein. A domain name system (DNS) request may be received. A unique device identifier may be received for the requesting device. The ISP may provide external network services to the services gateway. The DNS service provider may maintain a website filtering policy. The DNS request may be forwarded to the DNS service of the ISP. The DNS service of the ISP may respond with a DNS resolution. An access control request may be forwarded to the DNS service provider external to the ISP. A website filtering policy associated with the device identifier may be used to determine website access. The DNS service provider external to the ISP may respond with a grant/block status. Based on the returned grant/block status, the services gateway may respond to the requesting device with the DNS resolution or access denial.
Delegated access control of an enterprise network
Presented herein are techniques for enabling delegated access control of an enterprise network. In particular, data representing a trust chain formed between a local domain and a remote domain is stored in an identity management system. The local domain has an associated secure enterprise computing network and wherein the trust chain identifies one or more outside entities associated with the remote domain that are authorized to access the secure enterprise computing network. The identity management system receives a request for access to the secure enterprise computing network by a first outside entity of the one or more outside entities associated with the remote domain. Access by the outside entity to the secure enterprise computing network is controlled/determined based on an analysis of the trust chain.
Trustworthiness-verifying DNS server for name resolution
A request is received at a local domain name system server (LDNS) from a client application to resolve a domain name. Responsive to the request a WHOIS information corresponding to the domain name is obtained, using which an age of registration of the domain name and a first weighted value based on the age are computed at the LDNS. A host associated with the domain name is accessed to determine whether a type of a service is configured at the host. A second weighted value is computed based on the configuration of the type of the service. A weighted score is computed using the first weighted value and the second weighted value. An action is selected according to the weighted score. The action is applied to a network component in a network where the client application is executing, to control a manner in which the client application communicates with the host.
Enhanced domain name translation in content delivery networks
Systems, methods, apparatuses, and software for operating content delivery networks are provided herein. In one example, a method of operating a domain name translation node in a first point-of-presence of a content delivery network is presented. The method includes receiving a translation message issued by an end user device for translation of a domain name into a content network address, and processing the translation message to identify a network address of a node that transferred the translation message. The method also includes selecting the content network address based at least in part on correlations between network addresses and performance factors to direct the end user device to a target cache node at a point-of-presence different than the point-of-presence of the domain name translation node, and transferring a response message indicating the content network address which directs the end user device to the target cache node at the second point-of-presence.
Just in time transcoding and packaging in IPV6 networks
A method and apparatus for delivering requested content over a network is described. The method includes receiving, by a first network node, a request from a second network node for the requested content, the request comprising an IPv6 address associated with the requested content. A longest prefix match is then performed between the IPv6 address associated with the requested content and IPv6 addresses associated with content available at the first network node. In the event that the longest prefix match does not result in an exact match between the IPv6 address associated with the requested content and any of the IPv6 addresses associated with content available at the first network node, the request is routed towards a content variant suitable for transcoding to the requested content, the content variant being stored at the first network node.
Active-active access to transparent interconnection of lots of links (TRILL) edges
An apparatus configured to provide active-active access to a transparent interconnection of lots of links (TRILL) campus. The apparatus includes a first access port associated with a first customer equipment (CE) and a second access port associated with a second CE. The first access port is configured to receive a frame from the first CE. The apparatus includes a processor configured to replicate the frame to generate a replicated frame, determine that a pseudo-nickname associated with the first access port and the pseudo-nickname associated with the second access port are the same, and determine that the first access port and the second access port are associated with different multi-chassis link aggregations (MC-LAGs). The apparatus also includes a transmitter configured to forward the replicated frame to the second CE using the second access port.
Domain name resolution method, device and system, and storage medium
Embodiments of the present disclosure disclose a domain name resolution method, apparatus, and system, and a storage medium. The method includes: receiving a domain name resolution request sent by a network device, the domain name resolution request carrying a first target domain name that needs to be resolved; using the first target domain name as an initial value of a second target domain name; resolving the second target domain name, to obtain a corresponding resolution result; determining whether the resolution result is corresponds to a network address of a preset type; and repeating the aforementioned operations using the resolution result as the second target domain name until a resolution result corresponding to the network address of the preset type is obtained; and after obtaining the resolution result corresponding to the network address of the preset type, returning the resolution result to the network device.
Communication interface for handling multiple operations
Techniques are disclosed for a communication system that facilitates communication between a computing device and a computer system. In some examples, the computing device can support a first communication protocol (e.g., hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP)). In such examples, the computer system can support a second communication protocol (e.g., Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)). In some examples, the communication system can provide a callable, communication interface that supports one or more communication protocols and that provides functions to enable the computing device t to communicate with the computer system. For example, the communication interface can enable the computing device to use HTTP to communicate with the computer system to perform operations defined using LDAP.
Message notification method and terminal
A message notification method includes obtaining, by a terminal, a plurality of notification messages, determining, by the terminal, a notification message with an ongoing attribute in the notification messages, sorting, by the terminal, the notification messages to obtain a notification message queue such that the notification message with an ongoing attribute is arranged in front of another notification message, and displaying, by the terminal, the notification message queue.
System and method for determining presence based on an attribute of an electronic message
Systems and methods are provided for determining a presence of an electronic message recipient based on an attribute of the electronic message, such as the content and/or context of the electronic message. The systems and methods can include acquiring, at a server, an electronic message from a sender, and determining an attribute of the electronic message. Based on the determined attribute, the server assigns an urgency level to the electronic message, which corresponds to a response time period. The server then monitors the recipient's device for a response to the electronic message, and to collect monitoring data about activity performed by the recipient on the device, or the environment surrounding the device. If the recipient does not respond within the response time period the server informs the sender a presence status of the recipient based on the monitoring data.
High confidence digital content treatment
A machine may be configured to perform high confidence digital content treatment. For example, the machine accesses a message reported as objectionable by a member of a Social Networking Service (SNS). The machine identifies a digital content item included in the message reported as objectionable based on pre-processing the message. The machine determines one or more degrees of similarity between the digital content item and one or more other digital content items included in one or more other messages previously reported as objectionable by members of the SNS. The machine generates a final score value associated with the digital content item based on the one or more degrees of similarity values between the digital content item and one or more other digital content items. The machine executes a treatment for the message reported as objectionable based on the final score value associated with the content of the message.
Embedding actionable content in electronic communication
Embedding actionable content in electronic communication comprises associating an embedding gadget with an electronic message and modifying the electronic message based on the embedding gadget.
System and method for topic based segregation in instant messaging
In order to be able to discuss multiple topics separately in an electronic chat session, a request to discuss one or more topics in the electronic chat session is detected. In response to detecting the request to discuss the one or more topics in the electronic chat session, a sub-chat session for each of the one or more topics is created within the electronic chat session. Information associated with the sub-chat sessions is sent to the participants of the electronic chat session. This allows each participant to chat separately on each topic via the separate sub-chat sessions; thus creating an individual transcript for each topic.
Differentiation of messages for receivers thereof
A solution for sending messages on a data-processing system is proposed. A corresponding method comprises upon a message to be sent from a sender to at least one receiver being submitted, parsing the message to identify an original expression therein matching an indication of one of a set of pre-defined concepts, determining, for the receiver, a preferred expression of the matched concept, among the corresponding original expression and a set of candidate expressions pre-defined to express the matched concept, according to a rating thereof representing an expected understanding by the receiver, processing the message for the receiver by replacing the original expression according to the corresponding preferred expression for the receiver, and sending the processed message to the corresponding receiver.
Efficient distribution of peer zone database in Fibre Channel fabric
Provided are techniques for the efficient distribution of peer zone databases in a FC Fabric. In an example, a switch instantiates a peer zone definition defining a peer zone in which two or more initiator host devices are each permitted to communicate with one or more target storage devices via the switched FC fabric and the two or more initiator host devices are prevented from communicating with each other. The switch stores the peer zone definition in a peer zone database at the FC switch, and distributes the peer zone definition to other FC switches of the switched FC fabric without performing a Fabric lock operation.
Reservation-based switching devices
Examples relate to switching devices comprising a switch controller and a plurality of interconnected sub-switches forming an internal network of the switching device. A packet is received at a first sub-switch of the plurality of interconnected sub-switches. The packet is to be routed to a particular external output port of a second sub-switch of the plurality of interconnected sub-switches. Upon reception of the packet, the switch controller reserves a space for the packet in a queue associated to the particular external output port. Then, the switch controller routes the packet on the internal network to the particular external output to occupy the reserved space for the packet.
Method and system for dynamic scheduling and allocation of network traffic
A method and system for dynamic scheduling and allocation of network traffic are provided. The method includes: distributing, by a central scheduling system, a domain name initial configuration table and a determination strategy to each detection node; detecting, by each detection node, each server node of a pre-set domain name in the domain name initial configuration table, thereby obtaining performance information of each server node; generating, by each detection node, a corresponding best coverage record; and converting, by the central scheduling system, the best coverage record into a target server node and feeding back, by the central scheduling system, the target server node to a local DNS server. The disclosed method and system for dynamic scheduling and allocation of network traffic improves network access speed and reduces operation and maintenance cost.
Method and system for provisioning computing resources
A method, computer-readable medium, and system for provisioning computing resources across multiple cloud providers and/or data centers are disclosed. A graphical user interface is used to select a plurality of computing resources and at least one cloud provider and/or at least one data center for providing the plurality of computing resources. Scripts associated with the at least one cloud provider and/or at least one data center are accessed, where each script is capable of automatically setting up a computing resource on an associated cloud provider or associated data center. The scripts are then used to automatically allocate and/or configure the computing resources on the at least one cloud provider and/or at least one data center. As such, computing resources can be automatically provisioned using a generic graphical user interface and without a user having skills or credentials specific to each cloud provider and/or data center.
Quality of service management in a satellite platform
Systems, methods, and software described herein provide enhancements for managing quality of service for data communications on a satellite of a satellite platform. In one implementation, a satellite obtains a plurality of packets to be transmitted to a second system of the satellite platform. Once obtained, the satellite prioritizes the transmission of the plurality of packets based on a quality of service associated with each of the packets, and transmits the plurality of packets based on the prioritization.
Smart load balancer and throttle
A load balancing system for a packet switched communications network, the load balancing system comprising: at least one stateful load balancer configured to receive and process copies of control plane packets propagated by the network to determine a characterizing vector for each target feature of at least one target feature that characterizes packets propagated by the network, which vector comprises one or more characterizing components and is useable to associate packets propagated by the network with the target feature; and at least one non-stateful load balancer configured to: receive the at least one characterizing vector and copies of packets propagated by the network; use the at least one characterizing vector to associate a target feature of the at least one target feature with each of a plurality of the received packets; and load balance and transmit copies of packets that the non-stateful load balancer associates with a target feature of the at least one target feature to at least one probe, and copies of packets associated with a same target feature to a same probe of the at least one probe.
Increasingly minimal bias routing
A system and algorithm configured to generate diversity at the traffic source so that packets are uniformly distributed over all of the available paths, but to increase the likelihood of taking a minimal path with each hop the packet takes. This is achieved by configuring routing biases so as to prefer non-minimal paths at the injection point, but increasingly prefer minimal paths as the packet proceeds, referred to herein as Increasing Minimal Bias (IMB).
System and method for supporting dual-port virtual router in a high performance computing environment
Systems and methods for supporting dual-port virtual router in a high performance computing environment. In accordance with an embodiment, a dual port router abstraction can provide a simple way for enabling subnet-to-subnet router functionality to be defined based on a switch hardware implementation. A virtual dual-port router can logically be connected outside a corresponding switch port. This virtual dual-port router can provide an InfiniBand specification compliant view to a standard management entity, such as a Subnet Manager. In accordance with an embodiment, a dual-ported router model implies that different subnets can be connected in a way where each subnet fully controls the forwarding of packets as well as address mappings in the ingress path to the subnet.
Distributing and aggregating resource data in a network
A method of distributing and aggregating resource data, such as transmission capacity. First, for each edge node in the domain a respective spanning tree is constructed that connects said edge node to ail other edge nodes and that identifies for each node other than said edge node in said tree a single upstream neighbour node and zero or more downstream neighbour nodes. Second, any node that has a change in resource data in connection with a particular spanning tree it is a member of, such as the transmission capacity increase or decreases, will send a message to update each of its upstream and downstream neighbour in that spanning tree on said change. Third, each such neighbour will calculate impact of said change to its own resource data and will send a message to update each of its upstream and downstream neighbour in that spanning tree on said impact.
Execution of packet-specified actions at forwarding element
Some embodiments provide a method for a particular forwarding element (FE) in a network of FEs. The method receives a packet at the particular FE. The packet includes a packet header that includes, for each of multiple FEs along a path from a source of the packet to a destination of the packet, (i) an identifier for the FE and (ii) a set of one or more actions for the FE to perform on the packet. The method parses the packet header to identify the set of actions for the particular FE. The method performs the identified set of actions.
Systems and methods for jointly optimizing WAN and LAN network communications
Described are systems and methods for jointly optimizing Wide Area Network (WAN) and Local Area Network (LAN) network communications. In one embodiment, a management device communicatively interfaced with a WAN and a LAN includes a collection module to collect LAN information from the LAN and WAN information from the WAN; an analysis module to jointly analyze the collected WAN information and the collected LAN information to identify an operational condition; and an implementation module to initiate a management event responsive to the operational condition being identified. In one embodiment, the management event includes generating and transmitting a diagnostics report responsive to a fault being identified. The management device may further generate and execute instructions to remedy the diagnosed fault.
Systems and methods for testing electronic devices using master-slave test architectures
A master test system may comprise cable modem termination systems, resource servers, provisioning/Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) servers, call management system (CMS) servers, Data over Cable Service Interface Specification/Wide Area Network (DOCSIS/WAN) servers, test controller servers, etc. Servers on the master test system may facilitate tests of devices under test (DUTs) coupled to the master test system. Servers on the master test system and/or slave test systems may facilitate tests of DUTs coupled to slave test systems that are coupled to the master test system. The slave test system(s) may comprise resource servers and test controller servers. In various implementations, the servers on the slave test system(s) may facilitate tests of DUTs coupled to the slave test system(s).
Methods for dynamic sensitivity control in wireless networks
Methods and devices for dynamic sensitivity control (DSC) in wireless networks are provided by adapting a clear channel assessment threshold (CCAT) on a frame-by-frame basis, based on a destination of a head-of-line (HoL) frame in a medium access control (MAC) layer transmission queue. Two different ways of protecting the communication range among devices in a basic serving set (BSS) are disclosed. In the first way, frames received from a node's BSS are differentiated, at the MAC layer, from frames received from an overlapping BSS (OBSS), and different CCATs are used for frames received from the node's BSS versus frames received from OBSS(s). In the second way, a lower bound on the CCAT value is defined based on the average received signal strength indicator (RSSI) of frames previously received from the node's BSS, and the CCAT is periodically reset to its minimum value.
Switch, controller, system, and link quality detection method
Embodiments of the present invention provide a switch, a controller, a system, and a link quality detection method, and pertain to the field of network technologies. In the present invention, the controller determines a detection path, and controls each switch on the detection path to obtain a detection packet, so that after determining that the obtained detection packet matches a prestored flow table entry, each switch adds OAM information to the successfully matched detection packet; and the controller obtains a termination detection packet, and determines link quality according to the termination detection packet. Each switch on a detection path does not need to use a corresponding link quality detection protocol to detect link quality, and only needs to add OAM information to an obtained detection packet. In this way, not only a structure of each switch can be simplified, but also operations of each switch are simplified.
Simplified entity engagement automation
The technology disclosed offers a declarative and visualization framework that implements a state machine for multi-step progression of interaction with an entity. The declarative framework is usable over and over for a broad range of applications because it provides a simple rule-based authoring tool that can be used for specifying different elements and components of a complex state machine, including state definitions, state transition triggers, state transition conditions and state transition actions. Once defined, the state machine is automatically generated and visually implemented based on the declarative input provided by a non-technical user.
System and method of isolating QoS fault
Systems, methods, architectures, mechanisms or apparatus for automatically pinpointing specific service bottlenecks within a network services chain delivery network services to a subscriber by remotely and/or automatically invoking multiple quality of service (QoS) tests at customer premises equipment (CPE) such as a modem, wireless access point (WAP), subscriber device and the like.
Technique for handling service level related performance data for roaming user terminals
A technique for validating Service Level Agreements (SLAs) for roaming user terminals is presented. A method implementation of the technique performed in a home network of the roaming user terminal comprises obtaining Service level-related Performance Data (SPD) that have been collected by the user terminal while roaming in a visited network. Additionally, subscription information associated with the user terminal and indicative of an SLA is obtained. Next, the SLA is validated based on a comparison of the SPD, or data derived therefrom, with the subscription information.
Notifications with input-based completion
Techniques are disclosed for presenting notifications that can receive input data. The techniques include presenting a notification in response to occurrence of an event, wherein the notification is associated with a specified data type and a data source from which data is to be received, receiving input data of the specified data type from the data source, wherein the notification is presented until the input data is received, and storing the input data. The notification can block access to a user interface of at least one application until the input data is received. The data source can be a data entry component of a user interface that receives user input, or can be an application that provides data of the specified data type, and receiving input data can include requesting data of the specified data type from the application, and receiving the input data from the application via inter-process communication.
Architecture for implementing user interfaces for centralized management of a computing environment
The present disclosure provides an improved approach to implement a management infrastructure for computing environments. The user interfaces for local management nodes are cached at a central management node. The cached copies of the local node UIs can then be executed as if the user was actually operating from the local node.
Example implementations relate to calculating a weighted efficiency index. An example implementation includes fetching a public resource utilization metric and a public cloud resources cost. A private resource utilization metric is collected and a private cloud resources cost is calculated. A weighted efficiency index is calculated from the public cloud resources cost, the private cloud resources cost, or any combination thereof, and a weighted deviation from an ideal resource utilization percentage. The weighted efficiency index may be displayed on a user interface.
Performing cross-layer orchestration of resources in data center having multi-layer architecture
Embodiments of the present invention provide a method and apparatus for performing cross-layer orchestration of resources in a data center having a multi-layer architecture. The method comprises: performing unified control of all resources in all layers of the data center; performing unified storage of all topologies and machine-generated data of all layers of the data center; and orchestrating the resources of the data center based on the unified control and the unified storage. Embodiments of the present invention provide a higher level orchestration than methods in the prior art, and employ some functions provided by methods in the prior art to provide a unified manner when the demand changes for orchestrating a layered cloud data center, in order to immediately provide a suitable capability.
Cloud-based comparison of different remote configurations of a same system
The disclosure generally describes methods, software, and systems for comparing different configurations of the same system. A query for determining differences between a first system and a different second system is received at a central server. Both systems are remote from the central server and have configurations related to a particular application. Using stored metadata at the central server, a difference is determined between a first customized configuration of the first system and a different second customized configuration of the different second system. The stored metadata identifies tables defining a scoping of each of the first system and the different second system. The difference is provided by the central server in response to the received query.
Multiple site rolling upgrade protocol
Improving the multi-site software update for extension switches by automatically assigning extension switches at each data center with a role and then providing state messages between the extension switches to stage software update operations between the various extension switches that are involved. This allows the network administrator to commence the software update process on the extension switches at each data center without waiting for any extension switch to complete operations. The extension switches communicate with each other and the software update process completes automatically, with all extension switches at all data centers updated without further network administrator input.
System and method for configuring communication devices
A communication system that includes a base unit and one or more end units that communicate over a primary communication link using a first communication protocol and a secondary communication link using a second protocol. The secondary communication link may be a shorter range communication link than the primary communication link. The secondary communication link may be used to transmit and receive registration information, configuration settings, and status information between the end units and the base unit.
System, method, and computer program for automatic reconfiguration of a communication network
A system, method, and computer program product are provided for automatic reconfiguration of a communication network. In use, a scoring function, a scoring goal, and data of a first network situation of a communication network are obtained. An initial network entity associated with the first network situation, and an initial parameter associated with the first network situation are selected. Additionally, a migration of the initial network entity is planned to prevent the initial parameter from reaching a predefined threshold to form a network reconfiguration. Further, a score value of the network reconfiguration using the scoring function is computed, and it is determined that the score value does not match the scoring goal. Moreover, the method is repeated until the score value matches the scoring goal.
Network resource management devices methods and systems
A management process monitors a cloud, such as a hybrid cloud, for utilization policy compliance rather than burdening requesting users. A hybrid cloud system requests an action directly of a cloud interface process that processes the request using a management process or externally, such as directly through a cloud service. Users complying with utilization policies are able directly to implement actions or resource allocations without the burden of policy enforcement processes intervening at a time an action is requested.
Methods and apparatus to configure switches of a virtual rack
Methods and apparatus to configure switches of a virtual rack are disclosed. An example apparatus includes a hardware switch implementing a virtual switch on a virtual communication network, a packet analyzer to analyze a packet captured at the hardware switch, the packet analyzer to determine whether the packet is indicative of a packet flow issue corresponding to a negative effect on transfer of one or more packet flows on the virtual communication network, an issue handler to, in response to the determination by the packet analyzer, determine a modification to a configuration of the hardware switch based on a configuration of the virtual configuration network, and a hardware configuration agent to modify the configuration of the hardware switch based on the modification determined by the issue handler.
System and method for managing devices in a local network
A management device may identify a client device, of a plurality of client devices, in a local network, and may configure one or more remote connection parameters for a connection between the client device and a remote device, configure one or more local connection parameters for a connection between the client device and another client device, of the plurality of client devices, in the local network, configure one or more monitoring parameters for monitoring the client device, and configure one or more alarm parameters for the client device. The management device may manage the client device based on the one or more remote connection parameters, the one or more local connection parameters, the one or more monitoring parameters, and the one or more alarm parameters.
A light-emitting device comprises a first light-emitting semiconductor stack comprising a first active layer; a second light-emitting semiconductor stack below the first light-emitting semiconductor stack, wherein the second light-emitting semiconductor stack comprises a second active layer; a reflector between the first light-emitting semiconductor stack and the second light-emitting semiconductor stack; a protecting layer between the reflector and the second light-emitting semiconductor stack; and wherein the first light-emitting semiconductor stack further comprises a first semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer sandwiching the first active layer, the second light-emitting semiconductor stack further comprises a third semiconductor layer and a fourth semiconductor layer sandwiching the second active layer, wherein the second semiconductor layer has a first band gap, the third semiconductor layer has a second band gap, and the protecting layer has a third band gap between the first band gap and the second band gap.
Information processing system, relay device, auxiliary relay device, management device, method, and storage medium
An information processing system according to the present invention includes: a relay device communicates with a server through a first communication line and a device through a second communication line, and relays data between the first communication line and the second communication line; an auxiliary relay device communicates with the server through a third communication line and the device through the second communication line, and relays data between the third communication line and the second communication line; and a management device detects a failure on the first communication line and controls the auxiliary relay device in such a way as to establish an alternative communication channel by using the third communication line and the auxiliary relay device when the failure is detected and to deliver the auxiliary relay device to a location where the auxiliary relay device is connected to the second communication line.
Method and system of seamlessly reconfiguring a data center after a failure
Systems, apparatuses, methods, and computer readable mediums for seamlessly reconfiguring a data center after a failure are disclosed. In one embodiment, a system includes at least a primary data center and a secondary data center. When a failure occurs at the primary data center, software executing on the secondary data center dynamically identifies the storage resources correlation that is setup for disaster recovery. The software executing on the secondary data center will automatically identify the resources correlation based on the replication properties of the storage configuration. The resources will then be configured with the new parameters when new hardware and software is added to the primary data center after the failure.
Determining a storage network path utilizing log data
A computer-implemented method according to one embodiment includes receiving log data from a component of a network, processing the log data to create processed log data, creating a component object, utilizing the processed log data, receiving an identification of a device connected to the network, determining a path within the network that is associated with the device, utilizing the component object, and returning the path.
Dormant mode measurement optimization
Methods performed by a wireless device operating in a dormant mode comprise performing a measurement on each of a plurality of resources from a predetermined set of resources or demodulating and decoding information from each of a plurality of resources from a predetermined set of resources, such as a set of beams. The methods further include evaluating the measurement or the demodulated and decoded information for each of the plurality of resources against a predetermined criterion, and then discontinuing the performing and evaluating of measurements, or discontinuing the demodulating and decoding and evaluation of information, in response to determining that the predetermined criterion is met, such that one or more resources in the predetermined set of resources are neither measured nor demodulated and decoded. The methods further comprise deactivating receiver circuitry, further in response to determining that the predetermined criterion is met.
Virtualized network management protocols
Approaches are disclosed for virtualizing a network management protocol (NMP). A network element offloads processes for communicating in the NMP to a virtualization engine (e.g., a backend virtualization proxy for the network element). The network element transmits a message containing a NMP request to the virtualization engine using service function chaining (SFC) by inserting service plane protocol data (e.g., a network service header (NSH)) into the message (e.g., an impregnated request). The virtualization engine expropriates, from the network element, processes for communicating in the NMP and can, thereby, reduce the computational resources used by the network element for communicating in the NMP. The virtualization engine generates a NMP response to the NMP request. The virtualization engine transmits a different message containing the NMP response to the network element using SFC by inserting service plane protocol data into the message (e.g., an impregnated response).
Information processing apparatus and information processing method
An information processing apparatus includes a memory and a processor coupled to the memory and configured to, receive a plurality of pieces of collation information corresponding to respective information items of configuration information representing information apparatus configurations, perform collation processing for collating information acquired from an information system including a plurality of information apparatuses with the plurality of pieces of collation information, and specify pieces of configuration information representing respective configurations of the plurality of information apparatuses based on specific collation information with which the largest number of successes of the collation processing for each type of information item and each model of information apparatus is detected.
Data transmission and apparatus
Media access control MAC payloads corresponding to a plurality of receiving devices are encapsulated in one MAC packet data unit (PDU), where the MAC PDU includes a header, the MAC payloads and identification information of each receiving device in the plurality of receiving devices; and the header includes a plurality of subheaders, the plurality of subheaders is subheaders respectively corresponding to a MAC payload corresponding to each receiving device, the MAC payload corresponding to each receiving device includes a MAC control element (CE) and/or a MAC service data unit (SDU), and the identification information is used for identifying each receiving device. In the foregoing solutions, transmission of a MAC PDU during multi-user cooperated communication is implemented.
Method and device for transceiving wireless signal in wireless communication system
The present invention relates to a wireless communication system and particularly to a method and a device for the method, the method comprising: a step of receiving a subframe having a control duration configured with a plurality of OFDM symbols; a step of receiving a control channel by monitoring a plurality of control channel candidates in the control duration of the subframe; and a step of performing an operation corresponding to the control channel, wherein, if the plurality of OFDM symbols correspond to multi-beam directions, a plurality of control channel resources constituting each control channel candidate are present only in the same OFDM symbol in the control duration, and if the plurality of OFDM symbols correspond to a single-beam direction, the plurality of control channel resources constituting each control channel candidate are present across the plurality of OFDM symbols in the control duration.
Method for channel estimation in a wireless communication system, communication unit, terminal and communication system
The invention relates to a method for channel estimation in a wireless communication system. The communication system includes a communication unit provided with a plurality of antennas, and one or more terminals. First, pilot signals are transmitted from each antenna towards the one or more terminals. At the terminals correlative coding is performed with respect to the transmitted pilot signals to form correlatively coded pilot signals. The correlatively coded pilot signals are then retransmitted from the one or more terminals to the plurality of antennas of the communication unit. The communication unit then estimates uplink channels between the one or more terminals and the plurality of antennas based on the correlatively coded pilot signals. Finally, estimates of the downlink channels between the plurality of antennas and the one or more terminals are obtained based on the estimated uplink channels.
Gateway device, vehicle network system, transfer method, and non-transitory computer-readable recording medium storing program
A network system includes a first network through which a frame of a first type is transmitted in accordance with a first communication protocol and includes a second network in which a frame of a second type is transmitted in accordance with a second communication protocol. A gateway device is connected to the first network and the second network. The gateway device sequentially receives frames of the first type from the first network and determines whether to transmit data regarding the received frames of the first type to the second network. The gateway device transmits, to the second network, a frame of the second type including data regarding a plurality of the frames of the first type determined to be transmitted to the second network.
Slave device enhancing data rate of DSI3 bus
Disclosed DSI3 slave devices may enhance the data rate of the DSI3 bus using modified nibble encoding, pulse shaping, spectral shaping, and/or message preambles to provide chip time and level tracking. In one embodiment, there is provided a communications method that includes: converting a binary data stream into a ternary unipolar non-return-to-zero level channel signal; and driving the channel signal as an electrical current on a signal conductor. The converting uses an encoder that maps binary nibbles to a set of ternary triplets, each triplet in the set having an average level between 2/3 and 4/3 inclusive, and each triplet including at least one internal transition between levels.
System and method for encoding data within a vehicle communication network
A vehicle communication system that provides data between various objects (i.e., devices) within a vehicle communication network is disclosed. In one or more implementations, the vehicle communication system includes an accessor interface module that receives data encoded in an automotive connectivity communication protocol from another accessor module. The other accessor module is associated with an originating object within a vehicle communication network. The data encoded in the automotive connectivity communication protocol includes an object data portion defining a domain associated with a destination object and a payload data portion. The domain has a corresponding authentication protocol for authenticating the data. The accessor interface module authenticates the data according to the authentication protocol. The vehicle communication system also includes an object-specific protocol encoder module that determines an object-specific communication protocol associated with the destination object. The object-specific communication protocol encodes the payload data portion according to the object-specific communication protocol.
Connected automation controls using robotic devices
Methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on a storage device, for using a robotic device to manipulate a manual control of a device. In one aspect, the system includes a robotic device, a first device that is located at a property and that has a manual control, and a monitoring unit. The monitoring unit may include a network interface, a processor, and a storage device that includes instructions to cause the processor to perform operations. The operations may include determining an operating state of the first device, determining the state of the monitoring system, determining whether one or more of the manual controls associated with the first device should be manipulated to alter the operating state of the first device, and transmitting one or more instruction to the robotic device that instruct the robotic device to manipulate one or more manual controls that are associated the first device.
Activating a device via a module-based device interaction system
A system that enables a person to monitor and/or control a device via a network, such as the Internet, via an interactive hardware module that interfaces with the device and communicates with a module server located locally or remotely from the placement of the module. The hardware module allows for the transmission and receipt of data between the device interfaced to the hardware module and the module server, thereby enabling the user manually or automatically to control or monitor the device via an access medium, such as an API. Furthermore, the hardware module and the module server may enable the activation of an inactive device from a remote location.
System and method for network selection and service pairing using historical data mining
A method for establishing a network connection between a mobile device and a network device includes determining whether the mobile device has previously established a network connection with the network device, and determining whether the mobile device and the network device can connect using information corresponding to a previously established network connection. If the mobile device has not previously established a network connection with the network device or if the mobile device and the network device cannot connect using above information, the method includes determining whether one or more records of network connections corresponding to the network device exist, and determining if the mobile device and the network device can connect using information included in those records. If the mobile device and the network device can connect using the above information or records, the transmitter component of the mobile device establishes a new network connection with the network device.
Creation and conveyance of device-targeted messages
A system and computer-implemented method for using a broadcast medium to transmit messages targeted to and received by only particular individuals or groups within an audience of the broadcast. Messages, such as alerts, polls, and advertisements, may be augmented with one or more addresses corresponding to particular individuals or groups of people with particular activity or demographic qualities. The message may be injected into and even concealed within the stream in a format that may cause an ordinary device to present the stream without having perceptibly changed it, but may allow a smart device to receive the message, determine that it was intended for a user, and present it to the user.
Cost estimation on a cloud-computing platform
A cloud-management system intercepts API calls from a client application. Based on the expected amount of cloud resources required to service the API call, and given the terms of the client's billing plan, the system estimates the cost to service the call. The system embeds this cost into its response to the API call and the client application, or an IDE hosting the application, keeps a running total of API-related costs incurred by the application. The system can also run in an emulation mode, estimating the application's API resource-consumption costs without actually consuming cloud resources. In this mode, the system replaces each GET and PUT call in the intercepted API call with an equivalent HEAD call that does not consume resources. The system still, however, predicts the actual cost of the original API call by returning the cost of each original GET and PUT.
User authentication with self-signed certificate and identity verification
In embodiments, an authentication server interfaces between a user device with a self-signed certificate and a verifying computer that accepts a user name and password. The user device generates a self-signed certificate signed by a private key on the user device. The self-signed certificate is transmitted to a verifying party computer over a network. The verifying party stores the self-signed certificate with user identification data, including at least one of a user name, user address, user email, user phone number, user tax identification (ID), user social security number and user financial account number. In subsequent communications, the verifying party receives a certificate chain including the self-signed certificate, and matches that with the user identification data stored in a database.
Architecture and methods for self-sovereign digital identity
An architecture and methods for self-sovereign digital identity is described. The method mimics the handling of identities in the physical world, by provisioning unique digital identities to people. Digital identities and consent tokens are said to be self-sovereign because they are tightly controlled by their owners using identity engines installed on personal devices. Identity engines are interoperable, establishing a web identity layer. Self-sovereign digital identities are used to identify their holders, sign and encrypt transactions, and create digital seals that cannot be repudiated. Digital seals affix the identities and attestations of collaborating parties to digital identities, consent tokens, transactions, documents, and other artifacts. Self-sovereign digital identities can be exchanged securely, verified using proof-of-possession and proof-of-custody tests when collaborating synchronously, and verified using a proof-of-existence identity registry when collaborating asynchronously.
System and method of cryptographically signing web applications
Embodiments disclosed herein provide a method that includes receiving, at a client-side web browser, a minimal bootstrap payload from an application server; storing, by a client-side processor, the minimal bootstrap payload in a client-side local cache, where the locally cached minimal bootstrap payload is executed by the client-side processor before executing an application from the application server; the minimal bootstrap payload includes at least one public key and at least one Uniform Resource Location (URL) address of an application code payload.
Method and device for verifying the validity of an electronic document
A method and device for verifying the validity of an electronic document is provided. A device for capturing images and capturing a sequence of images displayed by a device for presenting the electronic document is activated. The sequence of images may include different two-dimensional barcodes displayed successively one after the other, where the two-dimensional barcodes represent a signature of the electronic document and parts of the electronic document. The two-dimensional barcodes are decoded, and the validity of the signature is verified by means of a public key. A message representing the result of the verification is generated.
Dynamic licensing for applications and plugin framework for virtual network systems
A Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) method integrating third-party Virtual Network Functions (VNF) through a plugin framework includes operating, via one or more servers in an NFV cloud, the plugin framework with Application Programming Interfaces (API) to one or more third-party VNFs; providing a catalog of VNF services comprising the one or more third-party VNFs to an end user; and operating the one or more third-party VNFs with the end user via the NFV cloud, wherein the one or more third-party VNFs are from a different vendor than an operator of the NFV cloud.
Using encryption keys to manage data retention
Systems and methods for using encryption keys to manage data retention are described. In one embodiment, the systems and methods may include receiving data such as user data from a host of the storage drive, encrypting the data using an encryption key, writing the encrypted data to the storage drive, and retaining the encrypted data on the storage drive based at least in part on a validity of the encryption key.
Vehicle communication system, onboard apparatus, and key issuing apparatus
A vehicle communication system includes an onboard apparatus, a mobile device, and a key issuing apparatus provided outside the vehicle for issuing a key for cryptographic communication between the mobile device and the onboard apparatus. The mobile device and the onboard apparatus store the key, and perform the cryptographic communication using the key. The key issuing apparatus issues, to the onboard apparatus, the key and validity information indicating validity of the key. The onboard apparatus includes a determination section determining whether a validity ends, and an update request section transmitting a key update request to request the issuance of a new key. When the key update request has been received, the key issuing apparatus issues a new key to the mobile device, and issues a new key and validity information on the new key to the onboard apparatus.
Managing key encryption keys using a key wrapping tree
Methods and systems for securely deleting electronic files and other data stored within a data storage system are described. Each file or separately deletable portion of data stored within the data storage system may be encrypted using a distinct data encryption key. When the file is selected for deletion, both the file and the corresponding data encryption key may be deleted. The data encryption key used for encrypting the file may be encrypted using a key encryption key. If the file and the corresponding data encryption key are both stored using an SSD, then the key encryption key may be stored using a HDD. The ability to physically delete or directly overwrite the key encryption key stored within the HDD may ensure that the file and the data encryption key stored using the SSD are no longer cryptographically recoverable.
Technologies for load balancing a network
Technologies for load balancing a storage network include a system. The system includes circuitry to adjust routing rules in a network interface controller to deliver a packet from one of multiple uplinks to one of any physical functions, circuitry to remap, in response to a failure of a switch, a port from one physical function to another physical function, and circuitry to communicate control data between a software defined network controller and one or more agents in one or more host endpoints with a hierarchical distributed hashing table.
On-chain governance of blockchain
An example operation may include one or more of receiving a request to implement a modification to previously established governance policies of a blockchain, identifying one or more requirements for the modification based on the blockchain, determining whether the one or more identified requirements are satisfied based on signature data included within the request, and in response to the signature data satisfying the one or more requirements, transmitting the modification to an ordering node for inclusion within a data block of a hash-linked chain of blocks of the blockchain.
Master control device and synchronous communication system using same
A master control device connected to a plurality of slave control devices via a network is configured to include an own local time counted by a counter unit, in a message and transmit the message to the slave control devices by the timing synchronization unit, calculate a difference between a reception time of a message transmitted from the slave control device, which has received the message, at a timing corrected in accordance with the local time and a pre-calculated message reception predicted time by a timing synchronization determination unit, calculate a correction amount for timing of the slave control devices using the difference by a timing synchronization correction unit, add the correction amount to the local time, include the local time in a message, and transmit the message to the slave control devices.
Wireless device sounding procedure
A wireless device receives at least one message comprising configuration parameters of a plurality of cells grouped into a plurality of physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) groups. The wireless device transmits, in a subframe and in a first PUCCH group, at least one SRS employing a sounding procedure for the first PUCCH group. The sounding procedure may depend, at least in part, on transmissions of a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) or a PUCCH in the first PUCCH group and may be independent of transmissions of PUCCH and PUSCH in a second PUCCH group. The plurality of cells may be in the same timing advance group.
Beam search pilots for paging channel communications
The present disclosure describes techniques and systems for beam search pilots for paging channel communications. In some aspects, a user device receives, from a base station of a wireless network, a beam search pilot on a beam. The user device determines that a signal quality of the beam search pilot meets a signal quality threshold. Based on this determination, the user device transmits, to the base station, an indication that the beam search pilot meets the signal quality threshold. The user device then receives a paging channel communication on the beam provided by the base station.
Method and apparatus for transmitting/receiving data and control information through an uplink in a wireless communication system
An apparatus and method are provided for transmitting data and control information in a wireless communication system. The method includes determining a number of symbols for control information based on a number of data bits and scheduled resources; generating coded control information based on the number of symbols for the control information; generating coded data based on a modulation scheme; multiplexing the coded data and the coded control information; modulating the multiplexed coded control information and coded data by the modulation scheme; and transmitting the modulated coded control information and coded data on a channel based on the scheduled resources.
Demodulation in wireless communications
A wireless communication device is configured to perform demodulation of device-to-device (D2D) communication signals or LTE uplink signals in a User Equipment. In a transmitter, demodulation reference signal (DMRS) generation circuitry is provided for selective insertion of DMRS signals in resource elements of resource blocks of the signal for transmission using a pattern of resource elements spanning at least one of the resource blocks such that a minimum temporal spacing between consecutive symbols of the demodulation reference signal pattern is less than one slot. In a receiver the DMRS signals are used to perform channel estimation. A user equipment having the DMRS generation circuitry is provided. A computer program product is also provided. Other embodiments may be described and claimed.
Techniques for transmitting a physical uplink shared channel in an uplink pilot time slot
Techniques for wireless communication are described. A method for wireless communication at a user equipment (UE) includes identifying a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) to transmit in an uplink pilot time slot (UpPTS) of a subframe, determining whether to transmit uplink control information (UCI) on the PUSCH in the UpPTS, and transmitting the PUSCH in the UpPTS based at least in part on the determining. A method for wireless communication at a network access device includes determining whether to schedule a transmission of UCI on a PUSCH in a UpPTS of a subframe, scheduling the PUSCH in the UpPTS based at least in part on the determining, and transmitting, to a UE, scheduling information for the PUSCH in the UpPTS.
Pilot sequence sending method and apparatus
A pilot sequence sending method and apparatus are provided. In the disclosure, after first-time masking is performed on a pilot sequence based on a cyclic orthogonal matrix, second-time masking is performed on the pilot sequence on which first-time masking has been performed, so that a PAPR of the pilot sequence on which second-time masking has been performed is less than a PAPR of the pilot sequence on which first-time masking has been performed, and further, orthogonality of the pilot sequence on which second-time masking has been performed can be higher than that of the pilot sequence on which first-time masking has been performed. This ensures accuracy of channel estimation and frequency offset detection.
Method for transmitting or receiving signal in wireless communication system and device therefor
According to one embodiment of the present invention, a method by which a terminal transmits a signal in a wireless communication system comprises the steps of: receiving timing advance (TA) information on a self-contained subframe having all of a downlink control region, a downlink data region, a guard period (GP) for transmission/reception switching, and an uplink control region; and transmitting uplink control information by advancing transmission timing corresponding to the uplink control region by the time length indicated by the TA information, wherein, when the time length indicated by the TA information is shorter than a predetermined magnitude, the terminal can first transmit a specific uplink signal, and then transmit the uplink control information in a GP remaining period remaining after completion of the transmission/reception switching.
Method and device for controlling transmission of sounding reference signal in wireless access system supporting machine type communication
The present invention provides methods for controlling transmission of a sounding reference signal (SRS) in a wireless access system supporting machine type communication (MTC) and devices for supporting same. A method for controlling transmission of an SRS by an MTC terminal in a wireless access system supporting MTC, according to an embodiment of the present invention, can comprise the steps of: receiving an upper layer signal comprising information about an SRS which is to be repeatedly transmitted; configuring the SRS on the basis of the information about the SRS; and transmitting the SRS by means of a subband to which a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) is allocated and which is being frequency hopped. The subband comprises six physical resource blocks (PRB), and the SRS can be sequentially transmitted to the subband being frequency hopped.
Terminal apparatus and buffer partitioning method
Provided is a terminal device with which deterioration in hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) retransmission performance can be inhibited by continuing a downlink (DL) HARQ process for DL data before and after changing the uplink link-DL configuration. In this device, a decoder stores, in a retransmission buffer, DL data transmitted from a base station, and decodes the DL data, and a wireless transmitter transmits a response signal generated using a DL-data-error detection result. A soft buffer is partitioned into a plurality of regions for each retransmission process on the basis of the highest values among retransmission process numbers respectively stated in a plurality of configuration patterns which can be set in the terminal.
Apparatus for transmitting and receiving data through unlicensed band
An apparatus for receiving a signal through an unlicensed band includes: a processor, a memory, and a radio frequency unit, wherein the processor executes a program stored in the memory to perform: receiving a secondary synchronization signal (SSS) in at least one remaining subframe except a subframe 0 or a subframe 5 of a plurality of subframes included in a discovery signal measurement timing configuration (DMTC), and detecting the SSS by using a subframe number of the subframe 0 or the subframe 5.
Terminal device, base station device, integrated circuit, and communication method
Provided is a terminal device that receives RRC layer information indicating an asynchronous HARQ for a secondary cell, and a first random access response, which is a random access response including fields for indicating an uplink grant and a Temporary C-RNTI and is related to a non-contention based random access procedure on the secondary cell, that manages multiple HARQ processes, and that delivers the uplink grant to an HARQ process that instructs the transmission unit to transmit the MAC layer data in accordance with the uplink grant. In a case that the RRC layer information indicating the asynchronous HARQ is configured, a HARQ process in which the uplink grant included in the first random access response is delivered is determined based on the value of a field for indicating the Temporary C-RNTI included in the first random access response.
Self referenced single-ended chip to chip communication
A system and method for efficiently transporting data in a computing system are contemplated. In various embodiments, a computing system includes a source, a destination and multiple lanes between them for transporting data. Multiple receivers in the destination has a respective termination resistor connected to a single integrating capacitor, which provides a reference voltage to the multiple receivers. The receivers reconstruct the received data by comparing the corresponding input signals to the reference voltage. The source includes a table storing code words. The source maps a generated data word to a code word, which is sent to the destination. The destination maps the received code word to the data word. The values of the code words are selected to maintain a nearly same number of Boolean ones on the multiple lanes over time as a number of Boolean zeroes.
System for registering an ONU to an OLT in a passive optical network system using a dedicated wavelength
The present disclosure relates to passive optical network (PON) systems, optical line terminals (OTLs), and optical network units (ONUs). One example PON system includes an OLT and at least two ONUs. The OLT and the ONUs exchange data on one downstream channel and two upstream channels. The OLT sends downstream data to each ONU on the downstream channel, where the downstream data includes an upstream bandwidth grant used to control each ONU to send upstream data. Each ONU receives the downstream data on the downstream channel, and sends the upstream data on a first upstream channel or a second upstream channel based on the upstream bandwidth grant included in the downstream data. The OLT receives, on the first upstream channel and the second upstream channel, the upstream data sent by each ONU, where a registration function is disabled on the first upstream channel, and enabled on the second upstream channel.
Wireless quality prediction device, wireless base station, wireless terminal, wireless quality prediction method and wireless quality prediction program
In the present invention, in order to predict discontinuous wireless quality changes without using wireless terminal position information in a cellular type wireless communication system, a wireless quality prediction device is provided with: a measurement information acquisition means for acquiring wireless quality measurement information measured by a wireless terminal that moves within a wireless communication system having at least two wireless cells; a wireless quality transition pattern construction means for using the measurement information to construct, as a wireless quality transition pattern, a time-series data pattern of wireless quality associated with the passage of time; and a wireless quality prediction means for acquiring from the wireless quality transition pattern construction means a wireless quality transition pattern having a high degree of similarity to the measurement information, in regards to the wireless quality measurement information acquired from a wireless terminal for which a prediction is to be made, and for using the acquired wireless quality transition pattern to predict that future wireless quality in respect to the wireless terminal for which a prediction is to be made, or a wireless cell in which the wireless terminal for which a prediction is to be made is located, will change in the future.
Characterizing transmit channels from an antenna array to a transceiver
Characteristics of channels from an antenna array to a transceiver are characterized based on reciprocity in an approach that eliminates a need for channel feedback from the transceiver. In some embodiments, these channel characteristics are used in MIMO communication to a plurality of transceivers from the antenna array.
System and method for determining RF sensor performance relative to a floor plan
A computer system for graphically indicating quality of Radio Frequency (RF) connection for a floor plan of a building is provided, A computer processor is configured to identify wall types and determine a wall property for a plurality of walls included in the floor plan, predict an RF signal strength from an RF transmitter positioned at a certain location on the floor plan, determine a prediction confidence level based on signal measurements, determine an RF connectivity level for respective RF receivers to be located in different areas of the floor plan based on analysis of the associated predicted RF signal strength, mounting inclination and orientation of the receiver devices, determined wall properties associated with walls located in expected paths of predicted RF signals, and an associated link margin, and provide a GUI on a computer display indicating a visualization of RF connectivity levels on areas of the floor plan.
Determining error vector magnitude using cross-correlation
An example method determines an error vector magnitude using automatic test equipment (ATE). The method includes demodulating data received at a first receiver to produce first symbol error vectors, where each first symbol error vector represents a difference between a predefined point on a constellation diagram and a first measured point on the constellation diagram generated based on at least part of the data received by the first receiver; demodulating the data received at a second receiver to produce second symbol error vectors, where each second symbol error vector represents a difference between the predefined point on the constellation diagram and a second measured point on the constellation diagram generated based on at least part of the data received by the second receiver; and determining the error vector magnitude for the data based on the first symbol error vectors and the second symbol error vectors.
Electrode for intra-body communication and wearable device
[Object] To provide an electrode for intra-body communication that can enhance communication performance.[Solution] According to the present disclosure, the electrode for intra-body communication is used in an electrostatic coupling-type intra-body communication method with a carrier frequency of 40 MHz or less, the electrode including: a first electrode configured to be capacitatively coupled with a human body; and a second electrode having a capacitance of coupling with the human body that is five times or more and 11 times or less with respect to a capacitance at which the first electrode is coupled with the human body. A capacitance of coupling generated between the first electrode and the second electrode is 3 pF or less.
Methods and apparatus for improving reliability of an optical device using auxiliary lasers in a photonic integrated circuit
An optical device having a self-repair component capable of curing a defective component(s) is disclosed. To improve reliability as well as manufacturing yield, a photonic integrated circuit (“PIC”) for as a multi-channel optical line terminal (“OLT”) contains spare lasers or standby lasers configured to replace a failed laser(s). In one aspect, PIC includes a set of fixed-wavelength lasers (“FWLs”), a tunable-wavelength auxiliary laser (“TWAL”), a photonic detector, and a tuner. FWLs, for example, generate optical wavelengths representing optical signals. TWAL generates an optical signal with a spectrum of wavelengths based on a setting generated by the tuner. The photonic detector detects a defective wavelength. The tuner adjusts output wavelength of TWAL in response to the defective wavelength. Alternatively, PIC includes a working laser array, standby laser array, and spare laser array capable of providing two-layer laser defective protections.
Conformal load bearing distributed sensing arrays
Systems, methods, and apparatus for an electromagnetic (EM) panel are disclosed. In one or more embodiments, a disclosed electromagnetic (EM) panel comprises an outer skin, an inner skin, a core disposed between the outer skin and the inner skin, and at least one receiver to receive at least one first signal. In at least one embodiment, at least one receiver is disposed within an opening on the outer skin of the EM panel. At least one receiver is an optical sensor(s) and/or a radio frequency (RF) antenna(s). In one or more embodiments, the EM panel further comprises at least one transmitter to transmit at least one second signal. In at least one embodiment, at least one transmitter is disposed within an opening on the outer skin of the EM panel. At least one transmitter is a laser(s) and/or a RF antenna(s).
Multi-access method and apparatus for lora tag using backscatter communication
Proposed are a multi-access method and apparatus for a LoRa tag using backscatter communication. The multi-access apparatus for a LoRa tag using backscatter communication may include a contention slot unit configured to receive a signal for a contention participation request from a base station and participate in a contention according to a distributed queuing (DQ) protocol using a backscatter signal if data to be transmitted is present, an FBP unit configured to receive a result of the contention from the base station and check whether the result of the contention is a success, and a data slot unit configured to transmit sensed data to the base station using the backscatter signal if the result of the contention is a success.
Methods and systems for transmitting terrestrial aircraft data using biometrically authenticated broadband over power line communication channels
Provided are methods and systems for transmission of terrestrial data between aircraft and ground-based systems using broadband over power line (BPL) communication channels. These channels are established based on authentication of biometric data. Specifically, a biometric module, positioned on an aircraft or a gate, receives biometric data from a user and then authenticates this data based on available reference data. The authentication results are used by a BPL module to establish (or not establish) a BPL communication channel. The BPL communication channel is established through an electrical power cable connecting the aircraft to the gate. Furthermore, the BPL communication channel is established through at least a portion of the onboard electrical power distribution system of the aircraft. The terrestrial data, e.g., aircraft control data, in-flight entertainment data, and/or airplane information system data, is then transmitted through this BPL communication channel.
Methods and apparatus for measuring a signal to switch between modes of transmission
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, a system for receiving electromagnetic waves that propagate along a transmission medium, responsive to a signal quality of the electromagnetic waves satisfying a threshold: generating updated electromagnetic waves by conditioning the electromagnetic waves without modifying digital signals conveyed by the electromagnetic waves and inducing propagation of the updated electromagnetic waves along the transmission medium. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Client node device with frequency conversion and methods for use therewith
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a repeater device having a first coupler to extract downstream channel signals from first guided electromagnetic waves bound to a transmission medium of a guided wave communication system. An amplifier amplifies the downstream channel signals to generate amplified downstream channel signals. A channel selection filter selects one or more of the amplified downstream channel signals to wirelessly transmit to the at least one client device via an antenna. A second coupler guides the amplified downstream channel signals to the transmission medium of the guided wave communication system to propagate as second guided electromagnetic waves. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Method and device for transmitting and receiving channel state information in mobile communication system
Disclosed are: a communication technique for merging, with the Internet of Things (IoT) technology, a 5th-generation (5G) communication system for supporting a data transmission rate higher than that of a 4th-generation (4G) system; and a system therefor. The disclosure can be applied to intelligent services (for example, smart home, smart building, smart city, smart car or connected car, health care, digital education, retailing, security and safety related services) on the basis of 5G communication technology and IoT related technology. One embodiment of the present invention enables a terminal to receive at least one reference signal from a base station in a mobile communication system, and to generate channel state information on the basis of the at least one reference signal so as to transmit the channel state information to the base station, wherein the at least one reference signal is received in a downlink pilot time slot (DwPTS) by using a resource determined on the basis of a special subframe configuration.
Adaptive antenna selection
A user equipment (UE) including at least two antennas configured to allow the UE to communicate via a first connection. The UE selects a connection performance parameter associated with the first connection, generates historical measurement information for the at least two antennas based on the connection performance parameter, for the plurality of antennas, the historical measurement information indicating an expected performance associated with using a selected one of the at least two antennas for a packet transmission and selects, based at least on the historical measurement information, one of the at least two antennas for use in transmitting the packet.
Method for reporting channel quality information in distributed antenna communication system and apparatus therefor
Disclosed herein is a method for reporting channel state information to a base station by a terminal having distributed antenna units in a wireless communication system. Specifically, the method for reporting channel state information comprises the steps of: receiving a reference signal from the base station; and reporting multi-channel state information on the basis of the reference signal, wherein the multi-channel state information includes a channel quality indicator for each of the distributed antenna units.
Precoding matrix indicating method, precoding matrix determining method, receive end device, and transmit end device
Embodiments can provide a precoding matrix indicating method, a precoding matrix determining method, a receive end device, and a transmit end device. In the precoding matrix indicating method, component matrices of an ideal precoding matrix and a weight of each component matrix can be determined based on at least one basic codebook. A dimension of each component matrix is the same as a dimension of the ideal precoding matrix, and a column vector of each component matrix is selected from column vectors of one of the at least one basic codebook. A precoding matrix indicator can be sent. The precoding matrix indicator can indicate the component matrices and the weight of each component matrix. With this, an ideal precoding matrix is approximately represented in a form of a weighted sum of a plurality of component matrices so that feedback overheads caused by feeding back a precoding matrix can be reduced.
Communication device and method used for multi-user spatial modulation
A communication device includes a processing circuit, the processing circuit being configured as: mapping a first information bit part used for a receiving end to a corresponding channel based on a pre-set mapping rule so as to execute spatial modulation with respect to the first information bit part of the receiving end; allocating a transmission power to the receiving end; and controlling the transmission power allocated through a mapped channel to transmit a second information bit part used for the receiving end. In the case of the first information bit parts used for multiple receiving ends being the same, the channels mapped for multiple receiving ends are the same. The multi-user spatial modulation performs spatial modulation for multiple receiving ends at the same time through a multiplexing channel of the transmitting end, improving the additional modulation order and the data transmission rate which can be obtained by each receiving end.
Systems and methods for providing isolation for antennas in a wireless communication system
Isolation for antennas in a wireless communication system is achieved between transmit and receive paths for a multiple input multiple output (MIMO) antenna array by separating a first transmit path from an associated receive path to be matched with a second transmit path and matching the first receive path with the second receive path. It is expected that the two transmit paths operate on sufficiently different frequencies that there is minimal interference there and the additional spacing from the transmit path to the receive path will reduce interference therebetween without increasing a footprint of the antenna array.
Flexible reference signal design
A radio network sub-tiles reference signals (RSs) within a set of resource elements (REs) such that each sub-tiled RS occupies less than a time and/or frequency and/or power extent of its respective RE. The set of REs are dispersed across both frequency bins and time slots according to a pre-defined grid; and transmitted. The user equipment (UE) uses that pre-defined grid to locate within that transmission the set of dispersed REs. The UE accumulates and combines at least one subset of the sub-tiled RSs and estimates therefrom a quality; then reports uplink an indication of that estimated quality. Examples of the RSs include channel state information RSs, beam RSs and beam refinement RSs. Advantages are particularly relevant for 5G new radio systems.
Code division multiaccess (CDMA) communications system and method with low probability of intercept, low probability of detect (LPI/LPD)
A code division multiaccess (CDMA) communications system with low probability of intercept, low probability of detect (LPI/LPD) includes at least one data dictionary stored on a storage device of a sender subsystem and a recipient subsystem. The at least one data dictionary includes at least one data predetermined start time and date, at least one data predetermined end time and date based on a mission length or a predetermined wrap time and date, a CDMA chip rate, and a complex zero-mean independent and identically distributed (iid) sequence where each complex number in the complex zero-mean iid sequence represents a CDMA chip stored on the storage device of the sender subsystem and the recipient subsystem. The system includes a tangible, non-transitory, machine-readable medium comprising machine-executable instructions which, when executed by at least one processor of a machine, cause the at least one processor to: receive a message, convert the message to symbols with corresponding phasors, determine a date and time to send the message, look up a data spreading vector for each corresponding phasor by providing a mutually agreed number of chips per phasor stored on the storage device of the sender subsystem and the recipient subsystem and by matching the date and time the message is to be sent to the at least one data predetermined start time and date and the at least one data predetermined end time and date. Each data spreading vector is multiplied by its corresponding phasor to create a data spread vector for each data spreading vector. The sender subsystem is configured to sequentially transmit each chip of each data spread vector as a signal.
Re-configuring satellite antennas based on the number of satellites in a constellation
An illustrative embodiment disclosed herein is a satellite including a transceiver, a first antenna, a second antenna, and a switch to enable only the first antenna by electrically coupling the first antenna to the transceiver responsive to a satellite constellation having less than a threshold number of satellites and enable only the second antenna by electrically coupling the second antenna to the transceiver responsive to the satellite constellation having greater than the threshold number of satellites.
Method and system for power line communication coupling and zero cross detector combination
Methods and systems are disclosed for MIMO power line communication signal coupling combined with zero cross detector analog front end and may include a circuit for powerline communication including a coupling circuit and zero cross detector, where both are coupled to an input transformer that receives an alternating current (AC) power signal and radio frequency (RF) signals from line and neutral power lines via input capacitors. The coupling circuit may include a plurality of powerline communication receivers, a that receives a first RF signal via a secondary coil of the input transformer and a second that receives a second RF signal via a center terminal of a capacitor pair coupled to primary coils of the input transformer. The second receiver may comprise a second transformer. A center tap of the second transformer may be coupled to ground via an inductor. A third receiver may generate a third RF signal via the inductor.
Systems and methods for subcarrier scan
Systems, methods, and non-transitory computer readable media are configured to determine data for subcarriers of a cable modem signal. Values which characterize the cable modem signal can be generated. A plot can then be generated. The plot can depict one or more of the values which characterize the cable modem signal.
Method and system for spread spectrum code acquisition
A code acquisition module for a direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) receiver includes: a Sparse Discrete Fourier transform (SDFT) module configured to perform an SDFT on a finite number of non-uniformly distributed frequencies comprising a preamble of a received DSSS frame to calculate Fourier coefficients for the finite number of non-uniformly distributed frequencies; a multiplier configured to multiply the Fourier coefficients for the finite number of non-uniformly distributed frequencies of the received DSSS frame by complex conjugate Fourier coefficients for the finite number of non-uniformly distributed frequencies to generate a cross-correlation of the received DSSS frame and the complex conjugate Fourier coefficients; and a filter module configured to input the cross-correlation and output a delay estimation for the received DSSS frame.
Active geo-location range for WLAN devices
A method and devices are disclosed that increase the range of active geo-location from the airborne measuring station as compared with known methods by increasing the effective receive sensitivity of the airborne measuring station. In one embodiment this may be accomplished by transmitting a predetermined ranging packet and correlating the raw received bit stream of the response packet with the predetermined bit stream. In one embodiment, the disclosed method applies to the reception of IEEE 802.11 direct sequence spread spectrum DSSS ACK and DSSS CTS packets in response to DSSS data null and DSSS RTS packets respectively, in the 2.4 GHz band.
An apparatus is disclosed for mixing signals with a multi-mode mixer for frequency translation. In example implementations, a multi-mode mixer includes a supply voltage node, a ground node, a first data signal coupler, and a second data signal coupler. The multi-mode mixer also includes a mixer core and a current control switch. The mixer core is coupled between the first data signal coupler and the second data signal coupler. The current control switch is configured to selectively enable or disable flow of a current through the mixer core. The first data signal coupler, the second data signal coupler, the mixer core, and the current control switch are coupled together in series between the supply voltage node and the ground node.
A wireless switch comprising: a movable section provided to be freely displaceable; an operation unit elastically held by the movable section and, when in a non-neutral state, vibrating as a result of an action of elastic force that causes return to a neutral state and displacing the movable section in a direction corresponding to a direction of the vibration; a power generation unit generating a voltage of a polarity corresponding to a direction of displacement when the movable section has been displaced; a wireless transmission unit wirelessly transmitting a signal on the basis of power generated by the power generation unit; and a voltage supply control circuit, when the operation unit in the neutral state has been operated such that the operation unit is brought into a non-neutral state, supplying a voltage to the wireless transmission unit using power generated by the power generation unit at a time of an initial state change of the operation unit and then disabling voltage supply to the wireless transmission unit by the power generated by the power generation unit accompanying the vibration of the operation unit caused by the action of the elasticity afterward.
Radio-frequency front-end circuit and communication device
A radio-frequency front-end circuit includes first and second filters, and first and second band elimination filters. The first filter is connected between an antenna common terminal and a first input-output terminal, and has a first frequency band as a pass band. The second filter is connected between the antenna common terminal and a second input-output terminal, and has a second frequency band as a pass band. The first band elimination filter is connected between the antenna common terminal and a third input-output terminal, and has the first frequency band as a stop band. The second band elimination filter is connected in series with the first band elimination filter between the antenna common terminal and the third input-output terminal, and has the second frequency band as a stop band.
User equipment for wirelessly communicating cellular signal with another user equipment
Aspects of this disclosure relate to a user equipment that includes a transceiver that can operate in at least a traffic mode and a virtual network element mode. In the traffic mode, the transceiver can process a received downlink radio frequency signal and transmit an uplink radio frequency signal. The transceiver can couple a receive path to a transmit path in an analog domain in the virtual network element mode. In the virtual network element mode, the transceiver can, for example, perform functions of a network repeater or a network transmit-receive point.
Transmitting apparatus and mapping method thereof
A transmitting apparatus is disclosed. The transmitting apparatus includes an encoder to perform channel encoding with respect to bits and generate a codeword, an interleaver to interleave the codeword, and a modulator to map the interleaved codeword onto a non-uniform constellation according to a modulation scheme, and the constellation may include constellation points defined based on various tables according to the modulation scheme.
Memory system and control method
According to one embodiment, a memory system encodes a plurality of data frames written in the same block in an inter-frame direction and generates first parity data, encodes the first parity data in the inter-frame direction and generates second parity data, generates a plurality of pieces of first frame data by concatenating at least a part of the first or second parity data with each of the plurality of data frames, encodes each of the plurality of pieces of first frame data in an intra-frame direction and generates a plurality of third parity data, and writes a plurality of pieces of second frame data obtained by concatenating each of the plurality of pieces of first frame data and each of the plurality of pieces of third parity data in a plurality of pages in the same block in the non-volatile memory one by one.
Systems and methods for decoding bose-chaudhuri-hocquenghem encoded codewords
The present disclosure relates to methods and systems for decoding a Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem (BCH) encoded codeword. The methods-may include receiving a codeword over a data channel; determining a plurality of syndrome values for the codeword during a first time interval; determining a set of initial elements during the first time interval; generating an error locator polynomial based on the plurality of syndrome values, the error locator polynomial representing one or more errors in the codeword; evaluating, based on the set of initial elements, the error locator polynomial to identify one or more error locations corresponding to the one or more errors in the codeword; and correcting the codeword based on the one or more error locations.
Method of channel coding for communication systems and apparatus using the same
Disclosed herein are a channel coding/decoding method in which a parity check matrix is transformed and an apparatus using the same. The channel-coding method includes loading a first exponent matrix, transforming the first exponent matrix into a second exponent matrix, creating a parity check matrix corresponding to a required block size using the second exponent matrix, and performing LDPC encoding using the parity check matrix.
Method for dividing carrying block of LDPC code and apparatus therefor
Disclosed are a method for dividing a carrying block of a Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) code and an apparatus therefor. The method for dividing a LDPC code of the present disclosure can obtain a high throughput by using a limited size of shifting network. Moreover, it is possible to prevent degradation in performance due to a minimum size of code block by performing shortening for a large size of code block while minimizing the number of code blocks. Furthermore, in selection of a minimum size of code block, since a minimum size of code block is selected on the basis of shortening for a relatively large size of code block, it is possible to increase the size of the minimum size of code block.
Ethernet connection method and ethernet device thereof
An Ethernet connection method and an Ethernet device thereof are provided. The Ethernet connection method and the Ethernet device can transmit data with Error Correction Code (ECC) even with only one twisted pair or two twisted pairs when the Ethernet wire cannot transmit with the full four twisted pairs.
Maintaining data deduplication reference information
A data deduplication method includes detecting a deduplication transaction including a data pattern associated with a data pattern address (DPA) and a reference, to the pattern, associated with a data reference address (DRA). A deduplication key may be determined based on the DPA and the DRA by concatenating the DPA and the DRA with the DPA as the most significant bits. The key may be stored in a key field of a record in a persistent and sequentially-accessed log, which is part of a log-with-index (LWI) structure that also maintains, in RAM or SSD, a binary index of the log records. When full, the log is cleared by writing the records in key-sorted order to the new tablet. From time to time, two tablets in the tablet library are merged. Tablet merging may include two or more atomic merges, each atomic merge corresponding to a portion of the tablet.
Adaptive audio codec system, method and article
An encoder generates quantized signal words based on a difference signal. The encoder includes an adaptive quantizer. A step size applied by the adaptive quantizer is generated in a feedback loop and based on a loading factor and quantized signal words generated by the adaptive quantizer. The encoder includes coding circuitry which generates code words based on quantized signal words generated by the adaptive quantizer. The coding circuitry generates an escape code in response to a quantized signal word not being associated with a corresponding coding code word.
Method for arranging current source array of digital-to-analog converter and layout of common-source current source array
A method for arranging a current source array of a DAC and a layout of a common-source current source array are provided in embodiments of the present disclosure for improving linearity and related performance of the DAC. The method includes, determining a number R of rows and a number C of columns of a common-source current source array; dividing the common-source current source array into M sub-arrays; segmenting the DAC to obtain (2X−1) groups of thermometer encoding current sources and Y groups of binary encoding current sources; arranging the (2X−1) groups of the thermometer encoding current sources into the M sub-arrays, arranging Y groups of binary encoding current sources into the M sub-arrays based on a number of binary encoding current sources in each of Y groups; arranging bias current sources evenly into the common-source current source array; and arranging other current sources as dummy cells.
Digital to analog conversion device and digital to analog conversion circuit thereof
A DAC device includes a first DAC circuit and a second DAC circuit. The first DAC circuit includes multiple DAC portions, each of which includes multiple pMOSFETs. The second DAC circuit includes multiple DAC portions, each of which includes multiple nMOSFETs. For each of the first and second DAC circuits, bulk terminals of at least some of the MOSFETs of each DAC portion are for receiving a respective one of bulk voltages with different magnitudes, a gate terminal of each of the MOSFETs of the DAC portions is for receiving a gate signal, and voltage magnitudes of at least some of the gate signals received by each DAC portion switch between a respective one of different logic high levels and a respective one of different logic low levels.
Analog to digital convertor (ADC) using a common input stage and multiple parallel comparators
An Analog to Digital (ADC) is provided, where the ADC may include a sample and hold circuitry to sample an analog input signal, and a summation block to iteratively generate a subtraction signal. The subtraction signal may be based on a difference between the analog input signal and a feedback signal. The ADC may further include a common input stage to receive the subtraction signal, and a plurality of comparison and latch circuitries arranged in parallel, where individual ones of the plurality of parallel comparison and latch circuitries may sequentially receive an output of the common input stage.
Analog digital converter, integrated circuit, and sensor system
Provided is an integrated circuit including an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) configured to convert an analog signal to a digital signal; and a digital signal processor (DSP) configured to process the digital signal, wherein the ADC generates a power source during a process for converting the analog signal into the digital signal and supplies power to the DSP through the power source.
Clock recovery circuit and receiving device
A clock recovery circuit includes a multi-phase sampling circuit, a phase comparison circuit, a recovery clock generation circuit, and a phase shifter. The multi-phase sampling circuit includes edge samplers and data samplers. A data signal is input to each of the edge samplers and each of the data samplers. The phase comparison circuit is disposed at an output side of the multi-phase sampling circuit. The recovery clock generation circuit is configured to output multi-phase clock signals. The phase shifter is disposed between the recovery clock generation circuit and the multi-phase sampling circuit and configured to generate a plurality of clock signals to be supplied to the multi-phase sampling circuit by shifting a phase of a first one of the multi-phase clock signals output from the recovery clock generation circuit by a shift amount different from a shift amount of a second one of the multi-phase clock signals.
Apparatus and methods for rotary traveling wave oscillators
Apparatus and methods for rotary traveling wave oscillators (RTWOs) are provided herein. In certain configurations, an RTWO includes a differential transmission line connected in a ring and a plurality of segments distributed around the ring. The segments include metal stubs extending from the RTWO's differential transmission line. The metal stubs aid in providing access to additional layout resources for tuning capacitors and other circuitry of the RTWO's segments, while permitting the length of RTWO's ring to be relative short. Thus, the metal stubs do not inhibit the RTWO from operating with relatively high oscillation frequency, while providing connectivity to tuning capacitors that tune the RTWO's oscillation frequency over a wide tuning range and/or provide fine frequency step size.
Touch key for interface to aircraft avionics systems
A touch key of an interface for an aircraft avionics system. The touch key includes a button, a mechanical switch, and a sensor. The mechanical switch is configured to be actuated when the button is pressed. Actuation of the mechanical switch sends a switch signal to the aircraft avionics system. The sensor is configured to detect when the button is being touched independent of whether the button is being pressed. The sensor sends a touch signal indicating that the button is being touched to the aircraft avionics system.
Switching circuit and high-frequency module
A switching circuit includes a first input/output terminal, a second input/output terminal, a third input/output terminal, a first transistor, a second transistor, an inductor and a resistor. The first transistor is electrically connected between the first input/output terminal and the second input/output terminal. The second transistor is electrically connected between the first input/output terminal and the third input/output terminal. The inductor and the resistor are electrically connected in series with each other between the second input/output terminal and the third input/output terminal.
Systems with power transistors, transistors coupled to the gates of the power transistors, and capacitive dividers coupled to the power transistors
An example system comprises: a power transistor comprising a gate, a first terminal, and a second terminal; a transistor comprising a gate, a first terminal, and a second terminal coupled to the gate of the power transistor; a capacitive divider coupled to the first terminal of the power transistor and the gate of the transistor; and a resistive divider coupled to the first terminal of the power transistor and the gate of the transistor.
RF circuit with switch transistor with body connection
In some method and apparatus embodiments, an RF circuit comprises a switch transistor having a source, a drain, a gate, and a body. A gate control voltage is applied to the gate of the switch transistor. A body control voltage is applied to the body of the switch transistor. The body control voltage is a positive bias voltage when the switch transistor is in an on state. In some embodiments, an RF circuit comprises a control voltage applied to the gate of the switch transistor through a first resistance and applied to the body of the switch transistor through a second resistance. The first resistance is different from the second resistance.
Analog switch for transmitting high voltage signals without utilizing high voltage power supplies
Described herein are multiple designs for an improved analog switch for use in transmitting high voltage signals without using high voltage power supplies for the switch. The analog switches are able to pass and block input signals in the approximate range of −100V to +100V. The use of translinear loops and a bootstrap configuration results in a constant on-resistance of the symmetrical switches and matches the conductance of each analog switch to the transconductance of an NMOS transistor, which can be easily stabilized with a constant gm biasing scheme. In certain embodiments, a shunt termination (T-switch) configuration is used for better off-isolation, and each of the symmetrical switches has its own translinear loop and thus flexibility of on-resistance and termination voltage.
Electronic device and noise removal system
An electronic device according to the present disclosure is an electronic device having a function of removing glitches contained in a signal, and includes a glitch removal circuit which removes glitches from an inputted signal, and a count unit which counts a number of times removing glitches.
Integrated circuit skew determination
Examples described herein provide determining skew of transistors on an integrated circuit. In an example, an integrated circuit includes a ring oscillator and first and second detector circuits. The ring oscillator includes serially connected buffers. Each buffer includes serially connected inverters that include transistors. A transistor of each buffer has a different strength of another transistor of the respective buffer. The first and second detector circuits are connected to different first and second tap nodes, respectively, along the serially connected buffers. The first detector circuit is configured to count a number of cycles of a reference clock that a cyclic signal on the first tap node is either a logically high or low level. The second detector circuit is configured to count a number of cycles of the reference clock that a cyclic signal on the second tap node is either a logically high or low level.
Controlling edge rate of a switched output stage based on a measured physical quantity
A system may include a driver for driving an output signal to a load, a pre-driver for driving a pre-driver signal to the driver, the pre-driver having a variable drive strength, and a controller configured to control the variable drive strength based on at least one measured physical quantity to compensate for variation of an output signal edge rate due to variations in the at least one measured physical quantity.
Bulk acoustic wave resonator
A bulk acoustic wave resonator includes: a support part disposed on a substrate; a layer disposed on the support part, wherein an air cavity is formed between the support part, the substrate and the layer; and a frame extending along the layer, within the air cavity, and spaced apart from the support part.
Bulk acoustic wave resonator
A bulk acoustic wave resonator includes: a substrate; a lower electrode disposed on the substrate; a piezoelectric layer at least partially disposed on the lower electrode; and an upper electrode disposed on the piezoelectric layer, wherein either one or both of the lower electrode and the upper electrode includes a layer of aluminum alloy including scandium (Sc).
Pedestal for vibration element, resonator, and oscillator
A pedestal for a vibration element includes a main body that includes two connection portions, two clearance portions, a mounting portion, and arm portions. The two connection portions are formed along long sides of the main body and contact the base plate. The two clearance portions are formed on insides of the main body with respect to the connection portions and formed along the long sides. The mounting portion is located between the two clearance portions. The vibration element is mounted to the mounting portion. The arm portions are formed on four corners of the main body and connect the mounting portion to the connection portions. A metal pattern is connected to an electrode formed on the vibration element. The metal pattern is formed to connect the mounting portion, the arm portions, and the connection portions.
Elastic wave device
An elastic wave device includes a multilayer film including a piezoelectric thin film laminated on a support substrate. In a region outside a region in which an IDT electrode is provided, the multilayer film is not disposed. A first insulating layer extends from at least a portion of the region to a region on the piezoelectric thin film. A wiring electrode extends to a region on the first insulating layer from a region on the piezoelectric thin film and to extend to a region on a portion of the first insulating layer located in the region. A support layer including a cavity defining a hollow space is provided on the support substrate. The support layer includes, on the wiring electrode, a portion extending from the region to a region above an inner end of the first insulating layer.
Automatic volume control for combined game and chat audio
A system comprising audio processing circuitry is provided. The audio processing circuitry is operable to receive audio signals. The audio processing circuitry is operable to process the audio signals to detect strength of a chat component of the audio signals and strength of a game component of the audio signals. The audio processing circuitry is operable to automatically control a volume setting based on one or both of: the detected strength of the chat component, and the detected strength of the game component. The combined-game-and-chat audio signals may comprise a left channel signal and a right channel signal. The processing of the combined-game-and-chat audio signals may comprise measuring strength of a vocal-band signal component that is common to the left channel signal and the right channel signal.
Automatic gain control loop
In conventional optical receivers the dynamic range is obtained by using variable gain amplifiers (VGA) with a fixed trans-impedance amplifier (TIA) gain. To overcome the SNR problems inherent in conventional receivers an improved optical receiver comprises an automatic gain control loop for generating at least one gain control signal for controlling gain of both the VGA and the TIA. Ideally, both the resistance and the gain of the TIA are controlled by a gain control signal.
Switching controllers and methods for loads
System controller and method for providing at least an output voltage. For example, the system controller includes a first controller terminal configured to receive an input voltage. The input voltage is associated with an input-voltage magnitude. Additionally, the system controller includes a second controller terminal configured to receive a control voltage, and a third controller terminal configured to output an output voltage to a load. Moreover, the system controller includes a supply voltage generator configured to receive the input voltage from the first controller terminal and generate a supply voltage. The supply voltage is associated with a supply voltage magnitude. Also, the system controller includes a ramp voltage generator configured to receive the supply voltage and generate a ramp voltage.
Band sharing technique of receiver
The present invention provides a receiver including a first band group, a second band group and a mixer. The first band group includes at least one LNA, wherein the first band group is configured to select one first LNA to receive a first input signal to generate an amplified first input signal. The second band group includes at least one LNA, wherein the second band group is configured to select one second LNA to receive a second input signal to generate an amplified second input signal. The first band group and the second band group are coupled to a first input terminal and a second input terminal of the mixer, respectively, and the mixer receives one of the amplified first input signal and the amplified second input signal to generate an output signal.
Doherty power amplifier having high supply voltage
Doherty power amplifier having high supply voltage. In some embodiments, a power amplification system can include a supply system configured to provide a high-voltage supply signal, and a Doherty power amplifier having an input splitter configured to receive and split a signal into a carrier amplifier and a peaking amplifier. The Doherty power amplifier can further include a combiner configured to combine amplified signals from the carrier and peaking amplifiers to provide an output signal. The Doherty power amplifier can be configured to receive the high-voltage supply signal for operation of the carrier and peaking amplifiers. The power amplification system can further include an output path configured to couple the combiner to a filter. The Doherty power amplifier can have an impedance substantially the same as an impedance of the filter when operated with the high-voltage supply signal.
Envelope tracking amplifier apparatus
An envelope tracking (ET) amplifier apparatus is provided. The ET amplifier apparatus includes an amplifier circuit configured to amplify a radio frequency (RF) signal based on a modulated voltage. In examples discussed herein, the amplifier circuit is co-located with a local voltage amplifier circuit configured to supply the modulated voltage such that a trace inductance between the amplifier circuit and the local voltage amplifier circuit can be reduced to below a defined threshold. By co-locating the amplifier circuit with the local voltage amplifier circuit to reduce a coupling distance between the amplifier circuit and the local voltage amplifier circuit and thus the trace inductance associated with the coupling distance, it may be possible to reduce degradation in the modulated voltage. As a result, it may be possible to improve efficiency and maintain linearity in the amplifier circuit, particularly when the RF signal is modulated at a higher modulation bandwidth.
Universal sloped roof solar panel mounting system
A universal mounting system for supporting a plurality of photovoltaic modules on a sloped support surface, such as a sloped roof, is disclosed herein. The universal mounting system may include one or more support surface attachment devices, each support surface attachment device configured to attach one or more photovoltaic modules to a support surface; and one or more module coupling devices, each module coupling device configured to couple a plurality of photovoltaic modules to one another.
Solar cell pole mounting apparatus
A solar cell mounting apparatus and methods for supporting solar panel sets on a pole. The invention contemplates both vertical and horizontal cell support arrangements and embodiments configured to installation in urban areas and embodiments providing protection of components in high wind areas.
Electric-motor driving apparatus, electric motor system and refrigeration cycle apparatus
An electric-motor driving apparatus according to the present invention is the electric-motor driving apparatus that drives an electric motor having a winding structure in which a first multi-phase winding and a second multi-phase winding are wound and includes a first DC/AC converter connected to the first multi-phase winding and applying a multi-phase alternating-current voltage to the electric motor, a second DC/AC converter connected to the second multi-phase winding and applying a multi-phase alternating-current voltage to the electric motor, a first three-phase switching unit to perform connecting and disconnecting between phases of the first multi-phase winding, a second three-phase switching unit to perform connecting and disconnecting between phases of the second multi-phase winding, and a winding switching unit to perform connecting and disconnecting between the first multi-phase winding and the second multi-phase winding.
HVAC controller that provides multiple types of proportional motor control signals, an HVAC system that includes the same and a proportional control signal circuit
The disclosure provides a proportional control signal circuit (PCSC), an HVAC controller employing the same and an HVAC system including the HVAC controller. In one embodiment, the PCSC includes: (1) a signal input configured to receive a pulse width modulated signal, (2) a control input configured to receive an integration signal, (3) a signal output and (4) control circuitry, coupled to the signal input, the control input and the signal output, configured to provide either the pulse width modulated signal or a DC signal to the signal output based on the integration signal.
Motor control device
A load control device may control power delivered from a power source, such as an alternating-current (AC) power source, to at least two electrical loads, such as a lighting load and a motor load. The load control device may include multiple load control circuit, such as a dimmer circuit and a motor drive circuit, for controlling the power delivered to the lighting load and the motor load, respectively. The load control device may adjust the rotational speed of the motor load in a manner so as to minimize acoustic noise generated by the load control device and reduce the amount of time required to adjust the rotational speed of the motor load. The load control device may remain powered when one of the electrical loads (e.g., the lighting load) has been removed (e.g., electrically disconnected or uninstalled) and/or has failed in an open state (has “burnt out” or “blown out”).
Counter electromotive force estimation
For counter electromotive force estimation, a disturbance estimator calculates an estimated disturbance as a control function of a quadrature axis current regulator output signal and a quadrature axis current feedback signal of a running permanent magnet motor. A calculator calculates an estimated counter electromotive force of the running permanent magnet motor as a function of the estimated disturbance, a control flux, and an angular velocity.
Motor control apparatus and motor control method for reducing influence of magnetic fluxes from yokes
A motor control apparatus for reducing the influence of magnetic fluxes from yokes on the switching of an energization direction. A rotor is rotatable and has a magnet. The magnet is circumferentially divided into a plurality of portions alternately multipolar magnetized to different poles. The coils are energized to excite the magnetic pole portions. Magnetic sensors output signals when detecting magnetic fluxes. Comparators output comparison result signals indicative of results of comparison between the output signals from the magnetic sensors and reference signals. A control circuit controls energization directions of the coils based on the comparison result signals. The control circuit changes the values of the reference signals according to a relationship between the polarities of the magnetic pole portions.
Resolver management device, resolver system including the same, and operating method thereof
A method of operating a resolver management device according to the present invention includes: generating an excitation signal by using an external control signal; counting a time interval (a first delay time) to a first pole of the excitation signal based on one period of the external control signal by using an internal clock; receiving an excitation signal reflected from a resolver sensor; counting a time interval (a second delay time) to a second pole of the reflected excitation signal at the first pole by using the internal clock; and transmitting a first count value corresponding to the first delay time and a second count value corresponding to the second delay time to a microcontroller unit (MCU).
Motor protection and control apparatus, system, and/or method
In the field of motor protection for industrial automation systems, HVAC systems, pumping systems, and/or similar implementations, improved motor starters and overload electronics can be configured to offer substantially automatic levels of protection for motors, independent of such starters and/or overload electronics first being calibrated for, or properly calibrated for, the motor.
Inverter module having multiple half-bridge modules for a power converter of an electric vehicle
Provided herein is a power converter component to power a drive unit of an electric vehicle drive system. The power converter component includes an inverter module formed having three half-bridge modules arranged in a triplet configuration for electric vehicle drive systems. Positive inputs, negative inputs, and output terminals of the different half-bridge inverter modules are aligned with each other. The inverter module includes a positive bus-bar coupled with the positive inputs and a negative bus-bar coupled with the negative inputs of the half-bridge inverter modules. The positive bus-bar is positioned adjacent to and parallel with the negative bus-bar. The inverter module can be coupled with a drive train unit of the electric vehicle and provide three phase voltages to the drive train unit. Each of the half bridge modules can generate a single phase voltage and three half-bridge modules arranged in a triplet configuration can provide three phase voltages.
Power converter device having a capacitor and a reactor adjacent to each other on the same circuit board
A power converter includes: a converter circuit converting an alternating current to a direct current; a reactor electrically connected to one of output terminals of the converter circuit; a capacitor electrically connected to the other output terminal of the converter circuit and the reactor; and an inverter circuit electrically connected to the capacitor converting the direct current to an alternating current. The capacitor is a film capacitor. The capacitor and the reactor are mounted on an identical circuit board.
Reconfigurable power converter
A configurable power converter includes a chassis, a plurality of circuit terminals, power conversion hardware, and a controller. The chassis has an exterior and defines an interior cavity. The plurality of circuit terminals are coupled to the exterior of the chassis. The power conversion hardware is disposed within the interior cavity of the chassis and connected to the plurality of circuit terminals. The power conversion hardware includes at least one of a plurality of electrical switches, a plurality of capacitors, or a plurality of inductors. The controller is configured to detect a hardware configuration of the plurality of circuit terminals and the power conversion hardware, determine a maximum voltage limit and a maximum current limit for each of the plurality of circuit terminals based on the hardware configuration, and operate the plurality of switches based on at least one of (i) the hardware configuration or (ii) the maximum voltage limit and the maximum current limit for each of the plurality of circuit terminals.
Flyback converter with synchronous rectifier controller
A flyback converter includes a primary side circuit to receive an input voltage signal, a secondary side circuit to generate an output voltage signal using the input voltage signal, a synchronous rectifier switch, and a synchronous rectifier controller. The synchronous rectifier controller receives an attenuated drain-source voltage signal of the synchronous rectifier switch and the output voltage signal. The synchronous rectifier controller includes a threshold voltage generator to generate a first voltage signal using the output voltage signal, a first comparator to compare the attenuated drain-source voltage signal to the first voltage signal and, in response, generate a first comparison signal, and a second comparator to compare the attenuated drain-source voltage signal to a second voltage signal and, in response, generate a second comparison signal. The synchronous rectifier controller generates a control signal for switching the synchronous rectifier switch to an ON-state based on the first and second comparison signals.
Multi-phase resonant converter and method of controlling it
A PWM controlled multi-phase resonant voltage converter may include a plurality of primary windings powered through respective half-bridges, and as many secondary windings connected to an output terminal of the converter and magnetically coupled to the respective primary windings. The primary or secondary windings may be connected such that a real or virtual neutral point is floating.
Power control device switchable between multiple operating modes having different power consumption
A power control device that acts as a principal controlling agent in an isolating switching power supply has a controller configured to monitor a first output detection signal commensurate with a direct-current output voltage to a load and a second output detection signal commensurate with the difference between the direct-current output voltage and its target value switch among a plurality of operating modes with varying power consumption according to the results of monitoring of the two output detection signals. The power control device may instead have a peak current switch configured to raise the peak current value of a primary current passing in an output switch on detecting a light load.
High power-factor control circuit and method for switched mode power supply
A switch mode power supply (SMPS) system includes a rectifying circuit for coupling to an AC input voltage and a transformer having a primary winding for coupling to the rectifying circuit and a secondary winding coupled to the primary winding. The system also has a power switch coupled to the primary winding and a control circuit coupled to the power switch. The control circuit is configured to control current flow in the primary winding such that an envelope waveform formed by peak points of current pulses is in phase with the magnitude of the AC input voltage. Moreover, the SMPS system is configured to provide a constant average output current.
Power supply with auxiliary converter for extended input voltage range
A DC power supply includes a point-of-load (PoL) regulator providing power to a load with a desired efficiency only when a PoL input voltage is in a first sub-range of a specified larger system input voltage range. The supply has an auxiliary circuit with an output in series with the supply input, generating an auxiliary voltage and adding it to the DC supply voltage to form a boosted supply voltage. Switching circuitry connects the supply input to the PoL input to apply a DC supply voltage as the PoL input voltage when the supply voltage is in the first sub-range, and connects the output of the auxiliary circuit to the PoL input to apply the boosted supply voltage as the PoL input voltage when the supply voltage is outside the first sub-range, maintaining the PoL input voltage within the first sub-range.
Power conversion device
A converter supplies an output voltage, generated by stepping down or up an input voltage from a DC power supply, to an inverter for driving an AC motor. In the converter in a boost mode, a buck circuit is stopped, a boost circuit is operated, and a first bypass switch is turned on to form a path from the DC power supply to the boost circuit. In a buck mode, the boost circuit (30) is stopped, the buck circuit is operated, and a second bypass switch is turned on to form a path from the buck circuit to the inverter.
Switched mode power supply circuit
An electronic circuit includes a switched-mode power supply powering a first load via a first linear voltage regulator. The first regulator includes a transistor. The substrate and the gate of the transistor are capable of being coupled to a node of application of a power supply voltage. A method of operating the circuit is also disclosed.
Resonant converter and control method for realizing soft switching
A resonant converter, including: a primary side circuit including at least one set of primary side switches, where the primary side circuit is configured to receive an input voltage; a resonant network coupled to the primary side circuit; a transformer having a primary side winding and a secondary side winding, where the primary side winding is coupled to the resonant network; a secondary side circuit including at least one set of secondary side switches, where the secondary side circuit is coupled to the secondary side winding of the transformer; and a control block that controls the secondary side switches according to the input voltage, the output voltage and the current detection signal, so that the secondary side winding of the transformer is short-circuited during a preset time interval before operating state of the primary side switches changes.
Methods and systems of a rectifier circuit
Rectifier circuit. At least some of the example embodiments are circuits including: an anode terminal; a cathode terminal; a field effect transistor (FET) defining a drain, source, and gate, the source coupled to the anode terminal, and the drain coupled to the cathode terminal; a diode having anode and cathode, the anode coupled to the cathode terminal; a bootstrap capacitor coupled between the cathode of the diode and the anode terminal; a FET controller coupled to the gate of the FET and a node between the diode and bootstrap capacitor; the FET controller configured to make the FET conductive as the circuit becomes forward biased, and the FET controller configured to make the FET non-conductive during periods of time when the circuit is reverse biased.
Power supply conversion circuit
A power supply conversion circuit is provided, which includes: a first voltage clamping module configured to decrease an input voltage to a preset low voltage; a boost module configured to increase the input voltage or the preset low voltage to a target voltage; a second voltage clamping module configured to maintain the target voltage within a preset voltage range; a filter module configured to filter out ripples in the target voltage; and at least one output module, each of which is configured to supply power to a load. Compared with a conventional LDO integrated circuit, the circuit can provide multiple output power supplies, and it is only required to additionally arrange one field effect transistor for one more output power supply. Therefore, the power supply conversion circuit has a simple structure, is expandable easily and is applicable to an analog integrated circuit requiring multiple output power supplies.
Lossless average input and output current sensing in a switched-mode power supply
Methods and apparatus for current sensing and error correction in a switched-mode power supply composed of a high-side transistor coupled to a low-side transistor are described. One example method generally includes capturing a current associated with the low-side transistor at a first time corresponding to the low-side transistor turning off; capturing a current associated with the high-side transistor at a second time corresponding to a first delay after the high-side transistor turns on; capturing the current associated with the high-side transistor at a third time corresponding to the high-side transistor turning off; and applying a first correction current to a current-summing node of the current-sensing circuit for a first interval based on the first delay, wherein the first correction current is based on the captured current associated with the low-side transistor at the first time and on the captured current associated with the high-side transistor at the second time.
Eddy current deceleration device
The disclosed is a deceleration device including a cylindrical brake member fixed to a rotary shaft, a plurality of permanent magnets arrayed in a circumferential direction of a circle around the rotary shaft, a cylindrical magnet holder holding the permanent magnets, and a switching mechanism that switches between a braking state and a non-braking state. The plurality of permanent magnets include primary magnets and secondary magnets that are arrayed alternatively in the circumferential direction. When viewed on a surface facing the brake member, north poles of the primary magnets are circumferentially adjacent to and in contact with north poles of the secondary magnets, and south poles of the primary magnets are circumferentially adjacent to and in contact with south poles of the secondary magnets. The magnetic holder is ferromagnetic.
Distributed electromagnetic apparatus
The present invention discloses a distributed electromagnetic apparatus is made up of an induction coil assembly and a magnet assembly to reduce increase magnetic stress and loss of kinetic energy. The magnet assembly has at least one magnetic member arranged at each of two ends of the coil such that the magnetic members are arranged in pair as being opposite to each other with opposite polarities facing each other. The center of the magnetic member corresponds to an axis of the coil and centers of the magnetic members that are located at two opposite sides being each set at a location between centers of two adjacent conjugate teeth of the magnetic conductor. The magnetic member generates magnetic stress to form inclined forces in opposite directions so that horizontal force components on two sides are opposite in directions and cancel each other and vertical force components on two sides are reduced.
The application relates to an electrodynamic converter (1), comprising a coil (11), a claw disk (7) associated with the coil (11) and having a disk component (7a) that can be rotated about an axis of rotation and a disk component (7b) that is stationary relative thereto, comprising a further claw disk (8) associated with the coil (11) and having a disk component (8a) that can be rotated about the axis of rotation and a disk component (8b) that is stationary relative thereto, and comprising magnetic flux components, which have oppositely magnetized magnetic components (9, 10; 12, 13) and magnetic flux elements composed of soft magnetic material, of which at least some are associated with a magnetic flux through the claw disk (7) or a further magnetic flux through the further claw disk (8) during operation, which are formed in alternation as the rotatable disk component (7a) of the claw disk (7) and the rotatable disk component (8a) of the further claw disk (8) are rotated, wherein the magnet-flux-closing relative positions for the claw disk (7) and the further claw disk (8) are formed having an angular offset to each other, as are also non-magnetic relative positions.
Squirrel-cage induction motor, and method for manufacturing squirrel-cage induction motor
Core slots are provided in an outer circumferential side of a rotor core and extend in an axial direction of a rotor shaft. A rotor conductor is a rod-shaped conductor inserted in each of the slots, and after insertion of the rotor conductor in each slot, a flared portion is formed flaring in a slot-transverse direction, and a propping-apart force occurring between the flared portion and both side wall surfaces of the slot fixes the rotor conductor to the slot. In an inner wall of an outer circumferential side of each slot abutting the flared portion, an unevenness is arranged along the axial direction of the rotor shaft.
Internal combustion engine with wireless communications device
A power tool is provided. The power tool includes an internal combustion engine and a wireless communications device coupled to the internal combustion engine. The internal combustion engine includes an ignition coil assembly and a flywheel. The wireless communications device is coupled adjacent to either the flywheel or to the ignition coil assembly. The wireless communications device receives power wirelessly from the internal combustion engine only when the internal combustion engine is operating.
Control method and control system of motor rotation speed
A control method of a motor rotation speed may include calculating a q-axis potential difference of a synchronous coordinate system for controlling a q-axis current of the synchronous coordinate system based on a target rotation speed of a motor and a measured rotation speed value of the speed sensor, calculating a voltage command of the synchronous coordinate system based on the calculated q-axis potential difference of the synchronous coordinate system, and controlling an inverter connected to the motor according to the calculated voltage command of the synchronous coordinate system.
Oil circulation type motor and echo vehicle including the same
An oil circulation type motor may include an oil circulating device having cooling oil chambers which are formed along the circumference of a stator core and through which cooling oil pumped by an oil pump is introduced and discharged, wherein cooling oil is introduced into the cooling oil chambers, wets a stator coil wound around the stator core, and is then discharged from the cooling oil chambers.
Rotor for an electrical machine
A rotor that includes a rotor core assembly secured to a shaft. The rotor core assembly includes a magnet and an end cap secured to an end of the magnet. Each of the magnet and the end cap has a bore into which the shaft extends. The end cap forms an interference fit with the shaft. The magnet forms a clearance fit with the shaft and an adhesive is located in the clearance between the magnet and the shaft. Additionally, a method of manufacturing the rotor. The method includes inserting the shaft into the bore of the end cap. An adhesive is then introduced into the bore of the magnet and the shaft is inserted into the bore of the magnet so as to cause adhesive to be drawn into the clearance defined between the magnet and the shaft.
Electrical machine with rotor having permanent magnets disposed in associated radial pockets
An electrical machine, in particular a synchronous reluctance motor, having a rotor having a number of similar permanent magnets, each of which is disposed in each case in an associated pocket of the rotor. Permanent magnets adjacent in a tangential direction can be installed only in one position in the respective pocket, in which the magnetization directions is rotated by 180° with respect to a radial straight line associated with the respective permanent magnet. A rotor of an electrical machine is also provided.
A medical tool includes: a tool main unit configured to be driven in response to a power supply; a first power supply configured to be removable from the tool main unit; and a second power supply having a smaller power capacity than the first power supply, and configured to be charged by the first power supply. The tool main unit is configured to be driven by receiving power supply from one of the first power supply and the second power supply.
Decentralized voltage control method for microgrid based on nonlinear state observers
A decentralized voltage control method for a microgrid based on nonlinear state observers, comprising the steps of step 10), establishing a large-signal model of distributed generations, a connection network and impedance-type loads in the microgrid; step 20), establishing a Luenberger-like nonlinear state observer for each distributed generation; step 30), estimating the dynamic characteristics of other distributed generations in real time based on the local measured values of each distributed generation; and step 40), implementing the decentralized voltage control based on the control requirements of reactive power sharing and voltage restoration. The control method realizes the voltage control of microgrid based on the decentralized state observers, which does not rely on communication transmission or remote measurement and avoids the adverse effects of communication latency and data drop-out on the control performance.
UPS systems and methods using variable configuration modules
A UPS includes a first bridge circuit module, a second bridge circuit module, and a control circuit configured to operate the first bridge circuit module as an inverter and to selectively operate the second bridge circuit module as a bypass switch and a rectifier. The control circuit may be configured to operate the second bridge circuit module as bypass switch in a standby UPS mode and to operate the second bridge circuit module as a rectifier in an on-line UPS mode.
Uninterruptible power supply device
When an abnormality occurs in a first voltage detector (4a), a control circuit (7) in an uninterruptible power supply device controls an inverter (3) in synchronization with an output signal (VI2D) from a second voltage detector (4b) to match a phase of a two-phase AC voltage (VO1, VO2) output from the inverter (3) with a phase of a two-phase AC voltage (VI1, VI2) supplied from a commercial AC power supply (51), and then turns on a semiconductor switch pair (S9, S10) and a bypass switch pair (S7, S8). Accordingly, even when an abnormality occurs in the first voltage detector (4a), the two-phase AC voltage can be supplied to a load (53) without instantaneous interruption.
Electronic device and charging method thereof
An electronic device and a charging method includes a photovoltaic power generation unit configured to charge a battery of the electronic device by using electric energy generated by a photovoltaic material included in the photovoltaic power generation unit. The charging method includes detecting light intensity applied to the photovoltaic material; and when the detected light intensity is always greater than a first preset threshold within a second preset duration, and a maximum variation within the second preset duration exceeds a second preset threshold, sampling an open-circuit voltage of the photovoltaic material, and setting a power generation parameter of the photovoltaic material according to the open-circuit voltage.
Charge apparatus to repeatedly apply a pulsed high voltage and a low voltage to charge a battery
With a conventional pulse charging method, a low voltage value for the pulse voltage is set to zero volts. When the low voltage value is low in this manner during charging, there is a problem that the negative pole of a secondary battery deteriorates. Provided is a secondary battery apparatus including a secondary battery and charge/discharge control apparatus that controls charging and discharging of the secondary battery. The charge/discharge control apparatus repeatedly performs, in an alternating manner, high voltage charging of applying a pulsed high voltage to the secondary battery and low voltage charging of applying a low voltage that is higher than 0 V and lower than the high voltage to the secondary battery.
Power supply adapter and method for supplying electric power to electric working machine
A power supply adapter according to one aspect of the present disclosure includes a power cord, a power-source attachment portion, a working-machine attachment portion, a temperature detector, and an overheat determiner. The temperature detector is configured to detect temperature of the power cord and to output a detection signal indicating the temperature detected. The overheat determiner is configured to determine that the power cord is in an overheated state based on the detection signal from the temperature detector and to output an overheat determination result indicating that the power cord is in the overheated state.
Apparatus for charging wearable device
An apparatus and a method for charging a wearable device is provided. The apparatus for charging a wearable device may include a power receiver disposed in the wearable device and configured to receive power and supply the power to the wearable device; a connector configured to comprise a first magnet and a magnetic member, wherein the first magnet is electrically connected to the power receiver through the magnetic member while the first magnet is attached to the power receiver by a first magnetic force; and a power supply configured to supply the power to the power receiver via the connector.
Voltage differential transducer (VDT) fault detection
Embodiments of the invention include systems and techniques for implementing voltage differential transducer (VDT) fault detection. Embodiments include a computing resource electrically coupled to an AC power supply, a VDT including a primary winding and a set of secondary windings, wherein the VDT is electrically coupled to the AC power supply. Embodiments also include a current sensing circuit electrically coupled to the AC power supply and the VDT, and a signal processor electrically coupled to an output of the VDT and the computing resource, the signal processor providing a signal indicative of a voltage differential of the set of secondary windings of the VDT, that is used by the computing resource to make an error determination.
Underwater electrical connection system
An undersea connection system for connecting together at least three high voltage or very high voltage undersea electric cables comprises an outer cage defining a connection space; and a connection fitting comprising a conductive connection electrode that presents a junction node from which there extend at least three branches. Each of the at least three branches of the conductive electrode includes a male terminal portion that is connected to a respective one of the electric cables in a connection zone about which there is mounted a connection sleeve made of pre-molded insulating material that receives, via its ends, firstly the male terminal portion of one of the branches of the conductive electrode, and secondly the connection end of one of the electric cables.
Coupling structure of bus bar
Provided is a coupling structure of a bus bar equipped in a power part. The coupling structure of the bus bar includes a female type bus bar and a male type bus bar respectively coupled to different elements of the power part, wherein the female type bus bar is fitting-coupled to the male type bus bar. In the coupling structure of the bus bar, since bus bars of high voltage elements are connected to each other by a connecting method instead of a conventional bolting coupling structure, the miniaturization effect and cooling effect of an inverter may increase, and moreover, a tool used to couple bus bars may be omitted, thereby enabling power parts to be easily disposed.
Wall plate system with screwless cover
A wall plate system with screwless cover includes a baseplate having one or more central apertures, and a shape that is complementary to the front end of an electrical box. The system includes at least one modular insert that is positionable within the central apertures of the baseplate. Each modular insert including a raised front surface and at least one access opening for engaging an operable portion of a wired device that is located within the electrical box. The system also includes a front cover having one or more cover apertures that compressively engage the raised front surface of each modular insert.
Sleeve unit for a motor of a ceiling fan
A sleeve unit for a motor of a ceiling fan includes a tubular member and a wire isolation member. The tubular member has a lateral slot extending through the tubular member from an inner periphery to an outer periphery of the tubular member. The lateral slot extends from a first axial end face towards a second axial end face of the tubular member along an axis of the tubular member. The wire isolation member includes an isolation plate unit delimiting a wire channel. The wire channel is located in the lateral slot. The isolation plate unit includes a stopper plate which is located in the lateral slot but does not come into a space delimited by the inner periphery of the tubular member.
Polarization insensitive colorless optical devices
Embodiments of the invention describe polarization insensitive optical devices utilizing polarization sensitive components. Light comprising at least one polarization state is received, and embodiments of the invention select a first optical path for light comprising a first polarization state or a second optical path for light comprising a second polarization state orthogonal to the first polarization state. The optical paths include components to at least amplify and/or modulate light comprising the first polarization state; the second optical path includes a polarization rotator to rotate light comprising the second polarization state to the first polarization state. Embodiments of the invention further describe optical devices including a polarization mode converter to convert light comprising a first and a second polarization state to light comprising different spatial modes of the first polarization state; light comprising the different spatial modes of the first polarization state is subsequently amplified and modulated.
Accurate current mirror circuit in low voltage headroom applied to laser drivers
This invention provides an accurate current mirror circuit in a low voltage headroom applied to common-anode laser drivers, including a reference current detection unit, a tail current source unit, and a control unit. The reference current detection unit generates a bias voltage and a reference voltage according to a reference current from the reference current source; the tail current source unit receives the bias voltage and generate a mirror current accordingly; the control unit receives the reference voltage and an output voltage corresponding to the mirror current and carry out a feedback regulation to the bias voltage accordingly. In this invention, the reference voltage and the output voltage are locked at same level, and then the bias voltage is mirrored to generate the mirror current outputted to the laser, thus avoiding the problem of inaccurate current output caused by the offset of the control unit in the low voltage headroom.
Process of forming epitaxial substrate and semiconductor optical device
A process of forming a semiconductor optical device is disclosed. The semiconductor optical device provides a waveguide structure accompanied with a heater for varying a temperature of the waveguide structure. The process includes steps of: (a) forming a striped mask on a semiconductor substrate; (b) selectively growing a dummy layer on the semiconductor substrate; (c) removing the patterned mask; (d) burying the dummy layer by a supplemental layer; (e) exposing a portion of the dummy layer by etching a portion of the supplemental layer; (f) and removing the dummy layer by immersing the dummy layer within a solution that shows an etching rate for the dummy layer enough faster than an etching rate for the supplemental layer and the substrate so as to leave a void in a region the dummy layer had existed.
Electrical connector with gripping means on housing and engagement member inserted into housing
A connector, to which an end portion of a cable including a plurality of core wires is to be connected, comprises a housing including an arrangement surface section defining an arrangement space in which the cable is arranged through an opening, and an engagement member arranged in the arrangement space to hold the cable in the arrangement space together with the housing. The housing includes a first engagement portion for locking the cable by being displaced upward to project into the arrangement space, thereby pressing an outer surface of the cable arranged in the arrangement space. The engagement member includes a pair of second engagement portions arranged opposite to each other in a left-to-right direction through contact with the arrangement surface section, when the engagement member is arranged in the arrangement space, so as to lock the cable by pressing and sandwiching the outer surface of the cable.
Portable electronic device
A portable information communications terminal includes a wiring board on which a ground pattern is formed, a connector including connector pins and mounted on the wiring board, a housing that has electrical conductivity and accommodates the wiring board on which the connector is mounted, an electroconductive connector shell (first shield member) that covers at least a portion of the connector pins, which are included in the connector, and that is electrically connected to the ground pattern of the wiring board, an electroconductive second shield member that is disposed so as not to be in contact with the connector shell and to cover the connector pins including a portion of the connector pins, the portion being not covered with the connector shell. The electroconductive second shield member is electrically connected to the housing, and an insulating member is interposed between the connector shell and the second shield member.
Connector and electric wire with connector
A connector includes a shield shell that has a sub shield body covering the electric connection portions and the terminals of the electric wires externally, and first and second holding members and that hold exposed braids at the terminals of the electric wires. The sub shield body has a second accommodation chamber that covers the exposed braids at the terminals of the electric wires and the first and the second holding members externally. The first and the second holding members are members holding, along axial lines of the terminals of the electric wires, annular development portions of the braids that are formed by annularly developing the exposed braids to the outer side in the radial direction, have annular holding portions interposing the annular development portions therebetween, and are pressed against and fixed to the shield shell along the holding direction of the annular development portions.
Bidirectional electrical connector
A bidirectional electrical connector includes a floating or fixed tongue. One metal plate is deployed without overlap to manufacture upper and lower contact interfaces and a metal tongue. The tongue and the H-shaped limit structure can eliminate the short-circuited problem when the bidirectional electrical connector is docked with a complementary electrical connector. The metal tongue or the structure with the metal reinforcement sheets added into the insulation tongue can optimize the use of the bidirectional electrical connector. A snap structure on a metal housing facilitates smooth docking, and the docked state cannot easily get loose, thereby enhancing the docking stability.
Torque-limiting torque sleeve with fail-safe failure mode
A torque-limiting torque sleeve may include an inner sleeve and an outer sleeve configured to be coupled to one another in a coaxial arrangement such that the outer sleeve is fixed relative to the inner sleeve in the longitudinal direction. A first end of the outer sleeve overlies a first end of the inner sleeve, and a second end of the inner sleeve extends from the outer sleeve to provide an exposed length. A torque limiting feature is configured such that rotation of the outer member in a first direction enables tightening of a coupler on an interface port up to a predetermined torque limit, and rotation of the outer member in a second direction opposite to the first direction loosens the coupler on the interface port. In the event that the torque limiting feature fails such that rotation of the outer member in the first and second directions does not tighten or loosen the coupler on the interface port, the exposed length of the inner member is gripable by a user to tighten or loosen the coupler on the interface port.
A coupling can include a barrel that includes a communication pathway, such as an electrical contact or optical pathway. The coupling can include a nut that is configured to engage with a corresponding portion of a mating connector, such as via a threaded connection. When the coupling and the mating connector are engaged, the nut secures the coupling and the mating connector together, and respective termination elements of the coupling and the mating connector are in communication with each other. The coupling can include a torque-limiting mechanism. The torque-limiting mechanism can be configured to enable the transmission of torque up to a limit amount, and to inhibit or prevent the transmission of torque above the limit amount.
Connector and connector assembly
A connector and a connector assembly capable of being attached to a freely bendable object such as clothes when used are provided. A connector is attached to a predetermined object such as a clothes and capable of being detachably fitted into a counterpart connector The connector includes: a plate-shaped housing made of an insulating material having bendability; a retention member provided in the housing so as to allow for the bendability, the retention member being configured to retain a fit state with the counterpart connector; a flexible sheet attached to the housing in such a manner as to cover at least a part of the retention member and attached to the object by attaching material; and a conductive contact provided on the sheet.
Audio connector with integral strain relief
An audio connector that has enhanced strain protection. Advantageously, the strain protection can be provided integral with the audio connector. In one embodiment, an audio connector includes an outer shell configured to connect to an audio system, an inner shell coupled to the outer shell, and a strain release member coupled to the inner shell. The strain release member can have a forward portion coupled to the inner shell and having a rearward portion extending rearward. The audio connector can also include a cable that can be secured to the rearward portion of the structural post.
Shield grounding electrical connectors
Cable shield grounding electrical connectors comprise a cable having a cable shield, an inner insulating sleeve disposed radially inwardly from the cable shield, and an inner conductor radially inward of the inner insulating sleeve. An inner ferrule includes an outer surface, wherein a portion of the cable shield is disposed along at least a portion of the inner ferrule outer surface. An outer ferrule comprises a first section that is disposed concentrically around the inner ferrule, and wherein the portion of the cable shield is interposed between and in direct contact with each of the inner ferrule and the outer ferrule first section, thereby forming an assembly. The connector comprises a housing having an inner cavity and wherein the assembly is disposed within the inner cavity. An electrically interconnecting element is interposed between the assembly and the housing to provide a grounding electrical connection therebetween.
Connecting element, household appliance having such a connecting element, and insert module
A connecting element for providing an electrical connection in a processing space of a household appliance, includes a protruding, longitudinally displaceable contact pin configured for displacement between a rest position protruding farther and an operating position protruding less far, wherein the contact pin pushes into the rest position. The connecting element is disposed on a side wall of the processing space, particularly a cooking space. An insert module can be inserted in the processing space of the household appliance and can be operated electrically. The insert module has a mating electrical connection element for contacting the connecting element.
Plug connector assembly, flexible flat cable assembly thereof, and flexible flat cable thereof
A plug connector assembly includes an insulated housing, and a flexible flat cable assembly. The flexible flat cable assembly includes a first flat cable, a second flat cable, and a reinforced board. The reinforced board is sandwiched between the first flat cable the second flat cable. An inner shielding layer is disposed between conductors of the first flat cable and the reinforced board, and between conductors of the second flat cable and the reinforced board, respectively. A positioning plate protrudes outward from each of two sides of the reinforced board. The insulated housing has a displacement-preventing mechanism formed on an inner side thereof for blocking the positioning plate, so as to limit the displacement of the reinforced board along the inserting direction.
High reliability is achieved with a protected state guaranteed for housings with reinforcing brackets being rigid to be free from displacement and misorientation. A connector includes: a connector body; a terminal installed in the connector body; and a reinforcing bracket fit to the connector body. The connector body includes a recess in which a mating connector body of a mating connector fits, and an insular part that is in the recess and fits in a groove part of the mating connector body. The reinforcing bracket includes an inner reinforcing bracket fit to an insular end part that is an end portion of the insular part in a longitudinal direction. The inner reinforcing bracket includes a body part that is disposed on an upper surface of the insular end part, an end plate that is connected to the body part and is disposed on an end surface of the insular end part, a pair of side plates that are connected to right and left ends of the body part and are disposed on right and left side surfaces of the insular end part, and a pair of connecting legs that are each connected to a lower end of a corresponding one of the side plates and extend outward in a right and left direction of the connector body.
Flexible flat cable connector, flexible flat cable connection structure, and rotary connector device
Provided is a flexible flat cable connector that can easily connect a flexible flat cable, and provide a reliable connection. An FFC connector (40) has a substantially L-shape in cross section and includes a plurality of busbars (41) made of metal, and a busbar case (42) made of resin and holding the busbars so that part of the plurality of busbars (41) is exposed. The busbar case (42) includes: a recessed portion (44) configured to accommodate an end portion (14b) of an FFC (14); a bottom wall (45) provided on the recessed portion (44); paired side walls (46, 46) each disposed at both ends of the recessed portion (44) and facing each other in the width direction of the FFC (14); a plurality of protruding portions (47A, 47A, . . . ) provided on the bottom wall (45); and paired projections (48, 48) projecting from the paired side walls (46, 46), facing each other, and spaced apart from the bottom wall (45).
Ring-style terminal block and submersible pump with ring-style terminal block
Embodiments of the invention provide a ring-style terminal block for supporting electrical connections. The ring-style terminal block includes an annular component having a radially inward facing surface at least partially defined by a first radius, a radially outward facing surface at least partially defined by a second radius larger than the first radius, a top surface extending between the radially inward facing surface and the radially outward facing surface, and a bottom surface. The bottom surface extends between the radially inward facing surface and the radially outward facing surface. The bottom surface is opposite the top surface and separated from the top surface by a thickness. The terminal block also includes a plurality of terminals spaced apart circumferentially and formed integrally within the annular component.
Bus bar assembling structure, electrical connection box and wire harness
A bus bar assembling structure includes a resin block main body for an electronic component block, a first bus bar, and a second bus bar. The resin block main body includes a bus bar assembling portion. The first bus bar and the second bus bar are accommodated in the bus bar assembling portion. The first bus bar has a first pushing portion that is pushed when the first bus bar is accommodated in the bus bar assembling portion, the first pushing portion being a bent piece. The first pushing portion has a through hole or a notch. The second bus bar has a second pushing portion that is inserted into the through hole or the notch and is disposed at a position corresponding to a position of a pushed surface of the first pushing portion.
Coaxial connector with grommet biasing for enhanced continuity
A compressible F-connector and method for interconnection with coaxial cable that includes a biasing member for promoting electrical continuity.
An earthing contact for creating an electrical contact between an earthing cable and a component comprising an electroconductive component surface, comprises an electroconductive contact plate and a fixing element, the contact plate having a first contact surface for placing the contact plate on the component surface, a second contact surface for placing an earthing cable on the contact plate, and a passage for the fixing element, the fixing element comprising a fixing section for fixing the fixing element in the component, a pressure element for pressing the contact plate onto the component surface and a holding section for arranging in the passage of the contact plate, when the pressure element presses the contact plate onto the component surface, the first contact surface being tiltable in relation to the fixing section by a tilting angle of at least 6° when the holding section is arranged in the passage.
Quick connection system
A quick connection system and method of installing a wall-mounted or ceiling-mounted fixture to house current. The system comprises a light fixture or the like with a plate having a conductive track and a pair of conductive pins, a plate for a junction box having a conductive track with a plurality of openings such that when the conductive pins of the fixture are inserted into the junction plate openings, an electrical connection is made between the fixture and the junction box. A kit is provided having a light fixture or the like with a plate having a conductive track and conductive pins, a plate for a junction box having a conductive track have a plurality of openings to accommodate the conductive pins. The kit is useful for retrofitting the junction box or light fixture and the like. A method of using the system and the kit is disclosed.
Connection arrangement of a first component on a second component, in particular for a vehicle, and connection device, in particular for a vehicle
A connection arrangement of a first component on a second component, in particular for a vehicle, is provided, wherein the components are connected together by at least one screw element and at least one screw which is screwed into the screw element and passes through a first passage opening of the first component. The screw element is designed as an expansion sleeve which is partly received in a second opening of the second component and protrudes into the first component and which is expanded along the axial direction of the sleeve by screwing the screw into the expansion sleeve.
Switchable transmit and receive phased array antenna with high power and compact size
A switchable transmit and receive phased array antenna (“STRPAA”) is disclosed. The STRPAA includes a housing, a plurality of radiating elements, and a plurality of transmit and receive (“T/R”) modules. The STRPAA may also include either a first multilayer printed wiring board (“MLPWB”) configured to produce a first elliptical polarization or a second MLPWB configured to produce a second elliptical polarization within the housing.
Methods for formation of antenna array from sub-arrays
An antenna array system comprises a plurality of antenna elements arranged in an antenna array in a geometric shape. The antenna array system further includes a first sub-array that forms an interior of the antenna array and a second sub-array that forms an exterior of the antenna array. In addition, the first sub-array is a subset of the second sub-array. A number of antenna elements in the first sub-array is greater than a number of antenna elements in the second sub-array. The antenna array system determines an exact satellite location of a satellite within a solid angle of ambiguity using a first virtual pattern and a second virtual pattern.
Scanning antenna and method of manufacturing scanning antenna
A scanning antenna is a scanning antenna in which antenna units are arranged, including a TFT substrate provided with a first dielectric substrate, a TFT, a gate bus line, a source bus line, patch electrodes, and a first alignment film covering the patch electrodes; a slot substrate provided with a second dielectric substrate, a slot electrode, and a second alignment film covering the slot electrode; a liquid crystal layer provided between the TFT substrate and the slot substrate; and a reflective conductive plate. The slot electrode includes slots disposed corresponding to each of the patch electrodes. A sealing portion includes a main sealing portion that defines at least one injection port. Given, among directions orthogonal to a sealing pattern of the main sealing portion in the injection port, a direction from the injection port toward the liquid crystal layer as a flow direction, and a region of the liquid crystal layer close to the injection port and including a region extending in the flow direction from the injection port as a first region, angles between the flow direction and each of an orientation direction regulated by the first alignment film in the first region and an orientation direction regulated by the second alignment film in the first region are 20° or less or 160° or greater.
Wide angle planar antenna assembly
Exemplary embodiments, the present disclosure are related to an antenna system including radiating elements and reflectors. The reflectors can be disposed with respect to the radiating elements to reflect radiation from the radiating elements to generate a coverage area that exceeds the coverage area generated by the radiating elements without the reflectors.
Low profile antenna module
An antenna module is described where uniform radiation pattern coverage is provided in the plane of a low profile antenna radiating element. A polarization that is orthogonal to the plane of the low profile antenna radiating element can be achieved for the radiated field. A ground plate aperture is implemented into the antenna ground plate to minimize frequency shift as the antenna is installed on metallic (conductive) and non-metallic (non-conductive) ground planes of varying sizes. This antenna system technique is applicable for use in communication systems such as a local Area network (LAN), cellular communication network, and Machine to Machine (M2M).
De-tuning tolerant loop antenna
A loop antenna is described herein that is suitable for operation in free space or in proximity to a ground plane. The loop antenna comprises a looped conductive element with a gap formed therein and a tab extending toward the gap. A length of the tab of the loop antenna is selected such that a detuning loss of the loop antenna from operation in free space to operation in proximity to a ground plane is low. In an exemplary embodiment, the length of the tab is selected such that a reactance of the loop antenna in free space is within a threshold level of a reactance of the loop antenna when the antenna is in proximity to a ground plane.
Antenna apparatus, antenna system, and antenna electrical tilting method
Embodiments of the present invention provide an RCU (remote control unit), an antenna apparatus, an antenna electrical tilting method and an antenna system. The RCU includes a reading device and a driver. The reading device is configured to read, from a memory inside the antenna apparatus, when the antenna apparatus is communicatively connected with the RCU, antenna information of an antenna controlled by the antenna apparatus and configuration data corresponding to the antenna. The antenna information includes the antenna serial number and the antenna model of the antenna. The driver is configured to control the antenna apparatus to adjust an electrical down-tilt angle of the antenna in accordance with the configuration data.
Mode balancing parasitic structure for a multimode active antenna array
An apparatus is provided to mitigate the adverse effects of mutual coupling. The apparatus includes a ground plane and first and second active radiators spaced from the ground plane. The first and second active radiators are configured to the electrically coupled to at least one of a receiver, a transmitter or a transceiver. The antenna also includes a grounded radiator electrically coupled to the ground plane and positioned between the first and second active radiators. The ground plane defines a non-conductive slot positioned between the first and second active radiators and bounded by the ground plane.
Dual band antenna module
A dual band antenna module including a first radiator, a second radiator, a first filter and a second filter is provided. The first radiator resonates to generate a first frequency band and includes a first feeding end and a first ground end. The second radiator resonates to generate a second frequency band and includes a second feeding end and a second ground end. The first filter is extended from the first feeding end in a direction away from the first radiator and used for filtering the second frequency band. The second filter is extended from the second feeding end in a direction away from the second radiator and used for filtering the first frequency band.
Matching network system and method combined with circulator
A matching network system combined with a circulator, and a method thereof are provided. In the matching network system and method, a reflection coefficient per frequency, required to cancel a signal leaked (a leakage signal) from a port combined with an antenna (an antenna port) is calculated, an impedance value is calculated from the calculated reflection coefficient, and any antenna is matched to a matching network by using a matching network circuit for changing an impedance value of the antenna to the calculated impedance value. Therefore, cancellation of the leakage signal is controlled. In this manner, the isolation performance of the circulator in a plurality of frequencies can be increased.
Multi-band antenna and radio communication device
A multi-band antenna includes: a conductor reflecting plate having a plate surface; a first antenna element that extends along the plate surface of the conductor reflecting plate to a length according to a first wavelength; and a second antenna element that extends along the plate surface of the conductor reflecting plate to a length according to a second wavelength shorter than the first wavelength. A distance between the first antenna element and the plate surface in a perpendicular direction is equal to a distance between the second antenna element and the plate surface in the perpendicular direction, the perpendicular direction being a direction perpendicular to the plate surface.
Laser induced graphene/graphite antenna
The present disclosure is directed to an antenna that includes a substrate and a graphene or graphite layer positioned on at least a portion of the substrate. The graphene or graphite layer includes a first zone having a first thickness along a vertical direction of the antenna and a second zone having a second thickness along the vertical direction of the antenna. The second thickness is less than the first thickness such that the second zone has a greater electrical resistance than the first zone.
Glass interposer integrated antenna for intrachip, interchip and board communications
Various examples are provided for glass interposer integrated antennas for intrachip, interchip and board communications. In one example, a reflector through-glass via (TGV) antenna includes a TGV or group of TGVs extending through a glass substrate. The TGV can extend from a feeding line disposed on a first side of the glass substrate to a loading disc disposed on a second side of the glass substrate. An array of reflector pillars extending through the glass substrate from a ground plane on the first side of the glass substrate to the second side of the glass substrate can also be provided with the array of reflector pillars distributed beyond an outer edge of the loading disc. The TGV antenna can be implemented as a dual mode design and excited at a first frequency to generate an omni-directional radiation pattern and at a second frequency to generate a broadside radiation pattern.
Antenna structure and electronic device
An antenna structure including a grounding portion, a feeding portion, a first radiating portion, a second radiating portion, and a third radiating portion is provided. The first radiating portion is connected to the feeding portion, wherein the first radiating portion is adapted to generate a low-frequency resonant mode. The second radiating portion is connected to the feeding portion, wherein a first gap is formed between the first radiating portion and the second radiating portion, and the second radiating portion is adapted to generate a first high-frequency resonant mode. The third radiating portion is connected to the feeding portion, wherein a second gap is formed between the third radiating portion and the grounding portion, and the third radiating portion is adapted to generate a second high-frequency resonant mode. In addition, an electronic device including the antenna structure is also provided.
System and method for operating a living antenna aperture mechanism
A hinge for an information handling system and method for operating a hinge including an antenna feed operatively connected to a wireless adapter for communicating on a wireless link with the hinge pivoting between a display housing and a second housing and the hinge operable to provide for rotation of the display housing around the hinge with respect to the second housing between usage mode configurations. The antenna feed terminating in the hinge, wherein the hinge is movable with respect to a plurality of antenna apertures and the hinge includes the plurality of antenna apertures each alignable to the antenna feed depending on the rotation orientation of the display housing around the hinge with respect to the second housing to couple to the antenna feed in the usage mode configuration positions.
Dynamic antenna platform offset calibration
Systems and methods are described for supporting dynamic antenna platform offset calibration for an antenna system mounted to a mobile vehicle. In particular, dynamic antenna platform offset calibration can be performed while communicating user data associated with the mobile vehicle (e.g., based at least in part on alignment calibration procedures including measurements of user data signals), with an antenna platform offset being updated when alignment calibration procedures have been performed at suitably separated spatial conditions. Accordingly, antenna platform offset calibration may be performed throughout the operation of the mobile vehicle without requiring that the vehicle be proactively aligned in a particular orientation for a dedicated calibration routine prior to using the antenna for communicating user data during normal operation of the mobile vehicle.
Coaxial transmission line slot filter with absorptive matrix
A filter is provided and includes potting material formed into a body defining a through-hole. The body includes first and second opposing faces and a sidewall extending between the first and second opposing faces. The sidewall is formed to define first and second openings at opposite ends of the through-hole, first angles at an interface between the sidewall and the first face and second angles, which complement the first angles, at an interface between the sidewall and the second face.
Magnetoresistance effect device and magnetoresistance effect module
A magnetoresistance effect device includes first and second ports, first and second circuit units, and reference potential and DC applying terminals. The first and second circuit units respectively include first and second magnetoresistance effect elements and first and second conductors. In the second conductor, the positional relationship between first and second end faces respectively on the first and opposite conductor sides in the first magnetoresistance effect element with respect to a flowing direction of a direct current flowing inside the first magnetoresistance effect element and the positional relationship between first and second end faces respectively on the second and opposite conductor sides in the second magnetoresistance effect element with respect to a flowing direction of a direct current flowing in the second magnetoresistance effect element are opposite each other. The relative angle between the first and second circuit units in a predetermined cross product direction is 90 degrees or less.
Filter comprising resonator assemblies including a first cavity with a first resonant member and a second cavity with a second resonant member, where a part of the first cavity forms the second resonant member
A cavity resonator assembly and filters formed from assemblies are provided. The resonator assembly comprising: a first resonator cavity, a first resonant member, and a first signal feed; a second resonator cavity, a second resonant member, and a second signal feed. The first resonant member is-located within the first resonator cavity, arranged to receive a signal from the first signal feed and configured to resonate within the first cavity at a first fundamental frequency. The second resonant member is-located within the second resonator cavity, arranged to receive a signal from the second signal feed and configured to resonate within the second cavity at a second fundamental frequency. At least a portion of the second cavity is housed within the first resonant member. The first resonator cavity surface from which the first resonant member extends is offset from a second resonator cavity surface from which the second resonant member extends.