System for performing work on substrate and insertion method
A cut and clinch device is provided with a pair of slide bodies, unit main body that holds the pair of slide bodies so as to be capable of moving towards and away from each other, and pitch changing mechanism that changes an insertion hole spacing distance that is a distance between insertion holes formed in the pair of slide bodies. Also, the leaded component held by the component holding tool is imaged by the imaging device before the leads are inserted into the through-holes of the board, and based on the imaging data, the lead spacing distance that is the distance between the pair of leads of the leaded component is calculated. Then, the pair of slide bodies are moved towards or away from each other such that the calculated lead spacing distance and the insertion hole spacing distance are the same.
Cooling via a sleeve connector
One example of a system includes a blade enclosure and a midplane within the blade enclosure. The midplane supports a first sleeve connector and a second sleeve connector, where each of the first and second sleeve connectors have a first side and a second side. A server blade installed in the blade enclosure includes an air duct coupled to the first side of the first sleeve connector. A cooling module including an air manifold is coupled to the second side of the first sleeve connector to deliver cool air to the air duct of the server blade.
A radiographic apparatus of the present invention includes a radiation sensor configured to convert incident radiation into an image signal; a base supporting the radiation sensor; an electronic component, electrically connected to the radiation sensor, that generates heat by being driven; a casing containing the radiation sensor, the base and the electronic component; a heat transfer member disposed in an opposite side to the base across the electronic component, and configured to transfer the heat generated from the electronic component to the casing; and a support member supporting the base and the heat transfer member.
Stacked base heat sink with heat pipes in-line with airflow
In one embodiment, a heat sink includes a lower base, an upper base, a set of fins interposed between the lower base and the upper base, and a plurality of heat pipes running between the lower base and the upper base on opposite sides of the heat sink and in-line with an airflow direction through the set of fins. An apparatus comprising a plurality of the heat sinks is also disclosed herein.
Disclosed is a mobile terminal which can improve serviceability by increasing heat dissipation efficiency, the mobile terminal comprising: a case comprising an inner space, and a metal partition partitioning same; a battery located on one side of the inner space with respect to the partition; a main substrate which is located on the other side of the inner space with respect to the partition, and on which a heat-generating part is mounted; and a heat pipe comprising a heat-absorbing part in contact with the heat-generating part, and a heat transfer part arranged adjacent to the partition and extending along same.
Removable feet for electronic devices
Typical electronic device feet are adhered to a bottom surface of an electronic device housing. However, adhered feet are not generally readily removable and replaceable without also removing and replacing the adhesive, which may be messy and time consuming. Implementations described and claimed herein provide an electronic device with a device housing including an aperture therein, a retaining ring oriented within a seat, the retainer ring and the seat concentric with the aperture, and a device foot oriented within and protruding outward from the aperture. The device foot has a concentric extraction surface and the retaining ring compresses against the concentric extraction surface and secures the device foot in place against the device housing.
Bent display panel with electrical lines for a sensor
An electronic device including a display panel is provided. In some embodiments, the display panel includes an active display region and an electrical component. The electrical component is distinct from a touch sensor device that is adapted to receive touch input across the active display region of the display panel. An electrical conductor connects the electrical component to another component of the electronic device via the display panel, such as via a bent portion of the display panel.
Resin composition, prepreg or resin sheet comprising the resin composition, and laminate and printed circuit board comprising them
The resin composition of the present invention comprises a prepolymer (P) and a thermosetting component, the prepolymer (P) being obtained by polymerizing an alkenyl-substituted nadimide (A), a maleimide compound (B), and an amino-modified silicone (C).
Rollable display device and electronic device including the same
A rollable display device includes a rollable structure including a plurality of unit structures, the rollable structure being configured to be rolled and unrolled based on the unit structures, and a display panel structure attached to the rollable structure, wherein respective widths of the unit structures increase in a first direction from a first side of the rollable structure to an opposite second side of the rollable structure.
Method for controlling a heat source belonging to a cooking apparatus and cooking apparatus configured to carry out said method
A method for controlling the intensity of heat delivered by at least one heat source belonging to a cooking apparatus provided with a hob, wherein the heat source is arranged underneath a circumscribed cooking area of the hob. The method provides for the steps of calculating over time the change in the difference between the temperatures detected at a first point P1 and at a second point P2 of the hob and involves reducing the intensity of heat delivered by the heat source if the change exceeds a predetermined maximum threshold Δ2Tmax.
Intelligent street light
An intelligent street light includes a lamppost and a data transmission system provided at the bottom of the lamppost. The data transmission system includes a data transmission unit, a data exchange unit and a plurality of network devices, which are connected to each other. The data transmission system allows data transmission to be performed between itself and a remote server. This can improve utilization of public resources, reduce construction costs and shorten construction periods of base stations, and effectively enhance coverage of communication signals to improve the quality of communication.
Methods and nodes for maintaining a wireless connection in a wireless communications network
A method and user node for maintaining a connection with a network node when operating in a multi-carrier mode using a first filter configuration to receive multiple frequency carriers simultaneously for downlink communication. The user node applies a mode switching scheme comprising first intervals for the multi-carrier mode and second intervals for a single carrier mode using a second filter configuration to receive a single carrier for the downlink communication. In this case, the user node switches temporarily from the multi-carrier mode to operate in the single carrier mode during the second intervals according to the mode switching scheme. Thereby the user node is enabled to maintain the connection by receiving messages and/or control signalling from the network node over the single frequency carrier during the second intervals, for example when the multi-carrier mode is highly disturbed by interference.
Patient-worn wireless physiological sensor with pairing functionality
Systems and methods described herein use pairing to associate a wireless sensor with a patient monitoring device such as a bedside patient monitor or a mobile device. A signal emitted by a patient monitoring device can be detected by a wireless sensor. The wireless sensor can be associated with the detected signal and pair the wireless sensor with the patient monitoring device. The wireless sensor can be configured to enter into a patient parameter sensing mode of operation after the association of the wireless sensor with the patient monitoring device.
Power efficient tunneled direct link setup apparatus, systems and methods
Apparatus, systems, and methods disclosed herein operate to provide wireless communication between personal mobile communication (PMC) devices. An emulated wireless access point (AP) at a first PMC device (PMC1) establishes a first tunneled direct link setup (TDLS) session between a first station module (STA1) incorporated into the PMC1 and a second station module (STA2) incorporated into a second PMC device (PMC2). Following establishment of the TDLS session, the wireless AP is allowed to sleep; and most infrastructure management duties are handled by the STA1 during the session. PMC device battery charge may be conserved as a result. The emulated wireless AP may also establish a second TDLS link to a third station module (STA3) incorporated into a third PMC device (PMC3). The STA1 may then bridge data traffic flow between the STA2 and the STA3. Such bridging operation may enable communication between two PMC devices otherwise unable to decode data received from the other.
Method, system and device for recovering invalid downlink data tunnel between networks
Described herein is a method for processing an invalidation of a downlink data tunnel between networks. The method includes the following steps: (1) a core network user plane anchor receives an error indication of data tunnel sent from an access network device, (2) after deciding that the user plane corresponding to the error indication uses a One Tunnel technology, the core network user plane anchor notifies a relevant core network control plane to request recovering the downlink data tunnel, (3) the core network control plane recovers the downlink data tunnel and notifies the core network user plane anchor to update information of the user plane. In addition, a communication system and a communication device are also provided. The method, system, and device can improve the speed of recovering data transmission after the downlink data tunnel becomes invalid.
Aggregation node for wireless access network utilizing hybrid beamforming
A high frequency data network access system leverages commodity WiFi chipsets and specifically multi spatial stream (e.g., 802.11 ac) chipsets in combination with phased array antenna systems at the aggregation nodes. Examples can be very spectrally efficient with both polarization and frequency diversity.
Physical layer procedures for LTE in unlicensed spectrum
The disclosure provides for control plane measurements in a wireless device. The wireless device may measure, across multiple sub-frames received over an unlicensed spectrum, received cell-specific reference signals (CRS) from a cell to obtain CRS measurements. The wireless device may identify one or both of a first subset of the CRS measurements associated with a first subset of the sub-frames including opportunistic transmissions and a second subset of the CRS measurements associated with a second subset of the sub-frames including guaranteed transmissions. The wireless device may compute one or both of a first signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) value for the first subset of the CRS measurements and a second SINR value for the second subset of the CRS measurements. The wireless device may monitor a radio link condition of the wireless device based at least in part on the first SINR value or the second SINR value.
Method and apparatus for performing contention-based and non-contention-based beam failure recovery in a wireless communication system
The present disclosure relates to a communication technique for converging a 5G communication system, which is provided to support a higher data transmission rate beyond a 4G system with an IoT technology, and a system therefor. The disclosure may be applied to intelligent services (e.g., smart home, smart building, smart city, smart car or connected car, health care, digital education, retail business, security and safety related service, or the like) based on the 5G communication technology and the IoT related technology. The disclosure relates to a method for recovering a beam into a correct beam according to a position of a terminal using a non-contention-based and contention-based beam failure recovery method in order to recover a beam failure in which communication is disconnected due to movement of a terminal or the like in a wireless communication system performing beam-based communication services.
Repetition-based uplink for low latency communications in a new radio wireless communication system
A method and apparatus for enabling repetitive transmissions for low latency systems is disclosed. For example, a base station may determine whether an uplink coverage parameter for a UE communicating with the network entity on an uplink communication channel satisfies an uplink coverage threshold, and transmit an activation message for repetition-based uplink communications to the UE based on a determination that the uplink coverage parameter for the UE communicating with the network entity on the uplink communication channel satisfies the uplink coverage threshold. Further, a UE may receive an activation message for repetition-based uplink communications from a network entity, and perform repetitive transmissions on the uplink communication channel for the duration indicated by the one or more transmission parameters in the activation message, the repetitive transmissions being configured based on the uplink sTTI pattern.
Data transmission method and apparatus
A method includes: obtaining, by a terminal, to-be-transmitted uplink service data of a preset granularity; obtaining, by the terminal, a QoS requirement parameter corresponding to the to-be-transmitted uplink service data of the preset granularity; and transmitting, by the terminal, the to-be-transmitted uplink service data of the preset granularity based on the QoS requirement parameter corresponding to the to-be-transmitted uplink service data of the preset granularity. Different data processing is implemented for to-be-transmitted uplink service data of preset granularities corresponding to different QoS requirement parameters, so that QoS requirements of uplink service data of different preset granularities are satisfied.
Scheduling communication in a wireless communication system
A network device, based on received location from a first user equipment (UE) and a second UE may determine that the first UE and the second UE are in proximity to each other. Based on the proximity determination, the network device may provide at least one of the first and second UE uplink LTE resources for transmission, wherein the transmission is associated with a group of UEs.
Facilitation of efficient spectrum utilization for 5G or other next generation networks
Spectral efficiency for a 5G network, or other next generation networks, can be increased via a resource scheduler of a network node. The resource scheduler can receive a first signal from a mobile device of a wireless network. The first signal can comprise resource request data representative of a first request for a resource of the wireless network. In response to receiving the first signal, the resource scheduler can transmit a second signal to the mobile device via a network device of the wireless network, wherein the second signal can comprise buffer status request data. The scheduler can receive a third signal from the mobile device, wherein the third signal can comprise buffer status data associated with the buffer, and based on comparing bandwidth data to the buffer status data, the scheduler can assign the resource channel to the mobile device.
Wireless communication device and wireless communication terminal
According to one embodiment, a wireless communication device includes a transmitter configured to transmit a first field containing information to identify a plurality of wireless communication terminals, and configured to multiplex and transmit a plurality of second fields in each of which a first frame containing an address of any of the wireless communication terminals is set; and a controller configured to determine, for the first frames, values pertaining to lengths of durations to suppress access to a wireless medium to the wireless communication terminal having an address different from the address contained in each of the first frames. The transmitter is configured to set the values in the first frames, the second fields, or the first field. The controller is configured to determine the values so that the durations have an end at an identical time.
Systems and methods for allocating resources to high power capable wireless devices
Systems and methods are described for assigning wireless resources to a high power wireless device. In some embodiments, a quality of service metric used for communication between a wireless device and an access node is identified, wherein the wireless device is configured to transmit an uplink signal at a first signal level that meets a power criteria. Default uplink resource are assigned to the wireless device based on the identified quality of service criteria, wherein the default uplink resources are associated with a default wireless device configured to transmit an uplink signal at a second signal level that does not meet the power criteria. And uplink communication is received at the access node from the wireless device using the assigned default uplink resources.
There is provided a network resource reallocation controller (160) arranged to control a reallocation of network resources by a network node (300) for delivery of content from at least one content provider apparatus (200) to applications (110, 120) on a User Equipment, UE (100). The network resource reallocation controller (160) comprises an information collection module (162) arranged to collect, for each of the applications (110, 120), respective information generated during use of the UE. The network resource reallocation controller (160) further comprises a resource reallocation request generator (164) arranged to generate network resource reallocation requests each comprising a priority value that is associated with a respective one of the applications (110, 120) and based on the information collected for the application, for use by the use by the network node (300) to reallocate the network resources for delivery of the content.
Application state change notification program and method therefor
There is provided an app management software 16 for cooperating with a bandwidth control system 2 for dynamically changing a communication bandwidth of the mobile information terminal 3 for each type of application 3a which is installed on the mobile information terminal. This software comprises: a module 22 for causing the mobile information terminal 3 to detect a type of application 3a which communicates from the mobile information terminal 3; a module 24 for causing the mobile information terminal 3 to obtain mobile information terminal identification information for uniquely identifying the mobile information terminal on a communication network; a module 26 for causing the mobile information terminal 3 to send the type of application as well as information for identifying the mobile information terminal to the bandwidth control system; and a display section 28 for causing the mobile information terminal 3 to receive a communication status for each application from the bandwidth control system and displaying the communication status on a display of the mobile information terminal.
Method and apparatus for communication using a plurality of cells in a wireless communication system
A cell configuration method of a base station in a mobile communication system supporting Carrier Aggregation (CA) which includes configuring a first cell consisting of at least two sectors formed with different antennas to a terminal, configuring a second cell consisting of at least two sectors formed with different antennas to the terminal, and communicating with the terminal through the first and second cells, wherein one of the first and second cells consists of sectors using same Physical Cell Identifier (PCID) and the other consists of sectors using different PCIDs.
Frequency band determination based on image of communication environment for head-mounted display
Provided are a frequency band determination device, a head-mounted display, a frequency band determination method, and a program that are capable of unprecedentedly quickly changing the frequency band used for communication in accordance with a change in an environment in which a communication device and a communication partner are placed. An image acquisition section acquires an image of an environment in which at least either an HMD or a communication partner for the HMD is placed. Based on the image acquired by the image acquisition section, a frequency band determination section determines the frequency band of radio waves used for communication between the HMD and the communication partner.
Management server, base station, communication system, and communication method
There is provided a management server including a holding unit for holding a location/frequency list in which location information and frequency information are associated, a list creation unit for creating an available frequency list by extracting, from the location/frequency list, frequency information corresponding to location information received from a base station, and a list transmission unit for transmitting the available frequency list created by the list creation unit to the base station.
DRX for narrowband transmissions
In narrowband communication, channels may use repetitions in multiple subframes. SPS and DRX for the narrowband communication may not accommodate such repetitions, because repetitions for a channel may fall only partially within a DRX ON duration. An apparatus addresses this problem by determining a DRX ON duration, determining a set of subframes carrying a narrowband PDCCH candidate and determining that the DRX ON duration at least partially overlaps with the set of subframes of the narrowband PDCCH. The apparatus then refrains from decoding the first narrowband PDCCH candidate, decodes the first narrowband PDCCH candidate, or extends the DRX ON duration to include the set of subframes entirely and decoding the first narrowband PDCCH candidate carried in the set of subframes in the extended DRX ON duration. The apparatus may also determine DRX configuration parameters based on parameters of bundled channels, and handle invalid subframes for an SPS grant.
Transmission method, base station apparatus, and wireless communication system
A transmission method includes: selecting, from a cooperative cluster covered by a plurality of transmission points that transmit signals in cooperation with each other, a transmission point positioned in vicinity of a boundary between the cooperative cluster and another cooperative cluster; generating a first transmission weight that causes the selected transmission point to form a directional beam directed in a direction different from a direction of the another cooperative cluster; generating, by using the first transmission weight generated, a second transmission weight that weights transmission signals, such that signals that are transmitted simultaneously from the transmission points and addressed to a plurality of transmission destinations are separately received; generating, by using the second transmission weight generated, streams to be transmitted from the transmission points, the streams respectively corresponding to antennas; and transmitting the streams generated, from the transmission points.
Base station and radio terminal for performing radio access network paging
A base station according to an embodiment is a base station included in a RAN of a mobile communication system. The base station includes a receiver configured to receive, from a radio terminal in a specific state, a message indicating that the radio terminal has left a RAN paging area, and a transmitter configured to transmit, to a mobility management entity, paging area information related to update of the RAN paging area in response to the reception of the message. The specific state is a state in which an anchor base station in the RAN paging area maintains an S1 connection for the radio terminal and the RAN paging area is configured to the radio terminal.
Method and apparatus for monitoring user equipment reachability in wireless communication system
Disclosed herein are a method and apparatus for monitoring UE reachability in a wireless communication system. A method for monitoring UE reachability may include receiving, by a Mobility Management Entity, a monitoring request message for UE reachability including a maximum response time from a Home Subscriber Server, detecting, by the MME, the UE reachability if it is expected that paging is able to be transmitted to UE when extended Discontinuous Reception is applied to the UE, and sending, by the MME, a UE reachability notification to a Service Capability Exposure Function before a next paging occasion of the UE, wherein the maximum response time may indicate a time during which the UE maintains a reachable state so that downlink data is reliably delivered to the UE, and wherein an occasion when the UE reachability notification is transmitted may be determined by taking into consideration the maximum response time.
Monitoring occasion for paging determination
Various aspects of the present disclosure generally relate to wireless communication. In some aspects, a base station may determine, for a user equipment, a configuration for a monitoring occasion for paging within a paging occasion based at least in part on a user equipment index and a reference signal index. In some aspects, the base station may provide a paging signal in accordance with the configuration based at least in part on determining the configuration for the monitoring occasion for paging within the paging occasion. Numerous other aspects are provided.
Controlling and optimizing actions on notifications for a mobile device
Provided herein is apparatuses and methods for notifications from applications displayed on a wearable electronic device. An action prioritization routine optimizes the display of the possible selectable action items associated with notifications as well as controls a number of other functions regarding notifications.
Indoor positioning enhancements
Systems, methods, and devices for performing wireless local area network (WLAN) fine timing measurement (FTM) are described. An apparatus for a user equipment (UE) includes a memory to store session information for a long term evolution positioning protocol (LPP) session with a location server. The apparatus for the UE also includes one or more baseband processors to decode a provide assistance data LPP message from the location server as part of the LPP session, the provide assistance data LPP message including WLAN assistance information; identify one or more access points (APs) based on the WLAN assistance information; and determine at least one position measurement based on an FTM procedure with the one or more identified APs.
Reminders based on device proximity using bluetooth LE
In one general aspect, a method can include identifying, by a computing device, a geographic proximity of an entity, establishing, by the computing device, direct short-range communications with the entity, the computing device and the entity being able to communicate with one another using a short-range communication protocol. The method can further include receiving, by the computing device, an indication that the computing device shares an identifier with the entity, and receiving, by the computing device, information relevant to the computing device regarding the entity based on the shared identifier.
Content Relevance Weighting System
A system for adjusting a relevance weight value for a content item is described. The system comprises a content delivery module configured to deliver a plurality of content items to a device via a network. The content items are displayed on the device. A user provides a feedback input that is a positive review or a negative review for a content item. The feedback input is transmitted to a relevance weight adjustment module that subtracts a first point value from the relevance weight value associated with a first set of users when a negative review is received for the content item and adds a first point value to the relevance weight value associated with a first set of users when a positive review is received for the content item.
Collection and distribution of timing information in a wireless network
According to one configuration, an example communication system includes multiple wireless base stations such as a first wireless base station and a second wireless base station. The first wireless base station resides outdoors and receives timing information from remote radio hardware such as a satellite or other suitable resource; the second wireless base station resides indoors and is unable to receive the timing information from the satellite. The communication system includes a communication link or network connecting the second wireless base station to the first wireless base station. In one configuration, the second wireless base station receives the timing information from the first wireless base station over the network. The first wireless base station and the second wireless base station both use the timing information to synchronize wireless communications in the wireless network environment.
Data synchronization across multiple sensors
Various embodiments of the present invention provide methods, systems, apparatus, and computer program products for synchronizing data across at least two sensors. In one embodiment, first sensor data, which includes a universal time stamp from a universal time source, is recorded from at least one first sensor and second sensor data, which does not include a universal time stamp from a universal time source, is recorded from at least one second sensor. The first sensor data is correlated with the second sensor data, and a universal time that corresponds with the data from the second sensor is determined at least in part based on the correlation between the first sensor data and the second sensor data.
Mobility and power control techniques across multiple radio access technologies
Methods, systems, and devices for wireless communications are described, in which for one or more aspects of a first transmission of a first radio access technology (RAT) (e.g., a 5G or New Radio (NR) RAT) are determined based on transmissions of a second RAT (e.g., a 4G or Long Term Evolution (LTE) RAT). A user equipment (UE) may, in some cases, determine a reference timing, a reference power, or combinations thereof for an uplink transmission of the first RAT based on a received power or reference timing of the second RAT. In some cases, handover for the first RAT may be based at least in part on an handover in the second RAT.
Power consumption control method for wearable device, and wearable device
The present invention provides a power consumption control method for a wearable device, and a wearable device. The method includes: receiving, when a modem of a wearable device is in an off state, remote wireless communication service information transmitted by a terminal through short range communications; or receiving, by a wearable device when a modem of the wearable device is in an on state, content, sent by a network device, of the remote wireless communication service. With the method provided in the present invention, a standby time of the wearable device is prolonged.
Method for transmitting and receiving signals in proximity network and electronic device thereof
A method of an electronic device, the electronic device, and a chipset of the electronic device are provided. The method of the electronic device includes, while the electronic device operates as a master of the NAN cluster based on a first master preference, transmitting discovery signals outside of DWs by using the Wi-Fi communication circuitry; while transmitting the discovery signals outside of the DWs, determining to switch a state of the processor from a wake-up state to a sleep state; based on the determination, changing control information for the NAN cluster by using the processor that is in the wake-up state, wherein the changed control information for the NAN cluster includes data regarding a second master preference distinct from the first master preference; after providing the changed control information to the Wi-Fi communication circuitry by using the processor, switching the state of the processor to the sleep state; and while the processor is in the sleep state switched from the wake-up state, transmitting the changed control information that includes the data regarding the second master preference by using the Wi-Fi communication circuitry.
Communication apparatus, control method, and recording medium
A communication apparatus is provided and is capable of selecting between a mode in which a service notification is issued in a single network (NW) and a mode in which a service notification is issued in a plurality of NWs selects which mode to issue a service notification based on a predetermined condition, and issues a service notification based on the selected mode.
Information processing apparatus that identifies exact distance to transmitting apparatus, control method therefor, and storage medium
An information processing apparatus which is capable of identifying an exact distance to a transmitting apparatus. A received radio wave intensity is measured when a radio wave transmitted from a transmitting apparatus via a short-range wireless communication is received, and a distance to the transmitting apparatus is identified based on a distance management table in which the received radio wave intensity and a distance associated with the received radio wave intensity are managed. A received radio wave intensity at a reference position a predetermined distance away from the transmitting apparatus is measured. The distance management table is calibrated based on the measured received radio wave intensity at the reference position.
Method and device for transmitting and receiving data in wireless LAN system
Disclosed are a method and a device for transmitting and receiving data in a wireless LAN system. A connection method performed in a terminal comprises the steps of: transmitting a probe request frame; receiving, from a main-access point, a probe response frame which is a response to the probe request frame; and transmitting, to the main-access point, an ACK frame which is a response to the probe response frame if it is determined that an operation is performed in an uplink relay mode on the basis of information included in the probe response frame. Thus, the wireless transmission efficiency of a wireless LAN system is capable of being improved.
System and method of rebroadcasting messages for reliable vehicular communications
In vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs), vehicles communicate either with each other via vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication or with stationary road side infrastructure or road side units (RSUs) via vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communication, to exchange information generated by the mobile applications. Vehicular networks require a reliable and efficient one-hop broadcast service. A makeup strategy for vehicular networks, referred to as cooperative relay broadcasting (CRB), is described. Neighboring nodes rebroadcast the packet from a source node to increase the reliability of the broadcast service. The decision to perform CRB is taken proactively and based on the channel conditions between the relaying nodes and the target one-hop neighbors.
Apparatus and method for improving connectivity for items of user equipment in a wireless network
An apparatus and method are provided for improving connectivity for items of user equipment in a wireless network. The apparatus has a first antenna system for providing a first sector of a network, and a second antenna system for providing a second sector of the network. Further, the apparatus has a third antenna system for communicating with a base station of the network to provide a common wireless backhaul link for the first sector and the second sector. In addition, an interface is provided to an internet connection of a building in which the apparatus is deployed, and backhaul management circuitry is then arranged, in at least one mode of operation, to control utilisation of both the internet connection and the common wireless backhaul link to provide backhaul connectivity to the network for items of user equipment connected to the apparatus via the first and second antenna systems. Through the use of such an apparatus, it has been found that significant improvements in network coverage can be readily obtained, and further the overall spectral efficiency of the network can be enhanced to improve network capacity, with the backhaul management circuitry maintaining an efficient backhaul connection through the combined use of the common wireless backhaul link and the internet connection.
Method and device for distributing idle user equipment in multi-carrier based mobile communication system
The present invention relates to a method and device for distributing idle UE by a carrier in eNB of a multi-carrier based mobile communication system. The method of distributing idle UE in a multi-carrier based mobile communication system according to the present invention includes a process of determining a search rate by a carrier on the basis of information representing load on the carrier, a step of determining a cell reselection priority on the idle UE on the basis of the determined search rate, and a process of transmitting the determined cell reselection priority to the idle UE.
Mobility management method and device
The disclosure provides a mobility management method and device. The mobility management method includes: obtaining a frequency specific minimum receiving level value Qrxlevmin of each neighbor cell of a serving cell, a pre-configured Cell specific minimum receiving level value Qrxlevmin-offset of each neighbor cell, and a signal level value of each neighbor cell; calculating a sum value of the frequency specific minimum receiving level value Qrxlevmin and the Cell specific minimum receiving level value Qrxlevmin-offset of any neighbor cell; and taking a cell with a signal level value larger than the sum value of the frequency specific minimum receiving level value Qrxlevmin and the Cell specific minimum receiving level value Qrxlevmin-offset as a candidate target cell.
Telecommunication network pre-establishment service interruption response
Telecommunication network components configured to manage a handover of a communication session of user equipment from a packet-switched access network to a circuit-switched access network are described herein. The components may receive a handover request from user equipment, allocate circuit-switched access network resources, and request a session transfer. When the session transfer is invalid, e.g., during a pre-establishment phase of a communication session, the components may reject the transfer within a selected time and provide an invalid-handover message. Components may, in response to an invalid handover request, transmit a rejection of the session transfer and a fallback-trigger message.
Method of processing emergency call transfer requests
A method is disclosed of processing emergency call transfer requests by an entry server of an IMS core network. The method includes configuring a table associating at least one emergency call session transfer number with a plurality of emergency call session transfer nodes, each node being identified in the table by an address. Upon receiving a request to transfer an emergency call session from a first access network to a second access network, the request including an emergency call session transfer number, the table is used to determine at least one address of a transfer node associated with the transfer number contained in the request to transfer the request. The transfer request is then sent to the at least one determined address.
Method and system for steering bidirectional network traffic to a same service device
A method and system for steering bidirectional network traffic to a same service device. Specifically, the disclosed method and system entail the maintaining and synchronization of link aggregation group (LAG) tables tied to a pair of LAG ports instantiated on a network element directly connected to a pair of peer linking service devices. Network traffic (i.e., MAC frames) arriving at the network element, from a first host and intended for a second host (e.g., indicative of a first direction of the network traffic), may be steered towards one of the pair of service devices based on hashing of information included in a received MAC frame in conjunction with the LAG table tied to the LAG port (of the pair of LAG ports) that which received the MAC frame.
Connection node providing supplemental bandwidth for mobile units
A connection node provides a high bandwidth connection on demand to mobile units that are in need of increased bandwidth for data transfers. In this manner, the connection node can supplement the bandwidth available to a mobile unit so that large volumes of data can be communicated to and from the mobile unit. A movable antenna automatically focuses its reception area on the mobile unit's location, after which, a high bandwidth connection can be established for high-speed data transfer. The high bandwidth connection is maintained, such as by tracking the mobile unit with the antenna, even if the mobile unit is moving.
Dynamically provisioning subscribers to manage network traffic
A system comprising: one or more server devices to: set a first network threshold level for determining network congestion in a network; set rate limiting criteria for determining when one or more subscribers will be rate limited; detect an increase in network congestion at a base station above the first network threshold level; identify one or more subscribers meeting one or more of the rate limiting criteria; rate limit network traffic associated with the one or more subscribers; detect a decrease in network congestion at the base station below a second network threshold level; and remove the rate limiting of the network traffic associated with the one or more subscribers.
Communication device and a method thereby, a base station and a method thereby, and a system
A system is disclosed in which a communication device provides measurement reports to a communication network. The communication device connects to a cell of the network and receives configuration data for at least one relay specific trigger event for triggering measurement reporting for at least one relay cell operated by a relay device for the base station. The communication device performs measurements and sends a measurement report to the communication network when the trigger event has occurred.
Methods and apparatus to determine mobile device application usage in vehicles including media applications
An example method for classifying a service set identifier (SSID) as a vehicle SSID includes storing in memory a record of a first message from a mobile device, the first message corresponding to a first SSID detected by the mobile device, determining that the first SSID detected by the mobile device meets a detection threshold, determining that, while detecting the first SSID, a quantity of detected SSIDs different from the first SSID meets a quantity threshold, and classifying the first SSID as the vehicle SSID.
Method and apparatus for testing mobile terminals in an OFDM system
The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for testing mobile terminals in an OFDMA system, in which all or part of available downlink radio resources in a cell are transmitted. A processing unit in a test apparatus splits a set of contiguous resource blocks into separate contiguous portions. A first contiguous portion of the set of resource blocks is allocated to users of a first type, and a second contiguous portion of the set of resource blocks is allocated to users of a second type. A transmitter in the test apparatus transmits test signals to the users of the first type and the second type using the at least one contiguous set of resource blocks.
Low-latency communication in shared spectrum
Various aspects of the present disclosure generally relate to wireless communication. In some aspects, a transmitter device may determine that a communication is to be transmitted on a shared spectrum during a channel access interval not reserved for the communication. The transmitter device may determine, based at least in part on determining that the communication is to be transmitted, that a detection power of a listen-before-talk (LBT) operation satisfies a threshold. The transmitter device may transmit, after a coordinated rate control region and based at least in part on the detection power of the LBT operation satisfying the threshold, a reservation request signal associated with the communication. The transmitter device may transmit the communication before an end of the channel access interval based at least in part on a response to the reservation request signal. Numerous other aspects are provided.
Method and system for limiting collisions in cellular networks
A method assigning frequency bands on a cellular network including plural network nodes each configured to activate transmission links between pairs of corresponding network nodes to exchange traffic. The method includes, in response to assessment of a new transmission link to be activated between first and second network nodes: retrieving an indication of coordinates of first and second network nodes within a geographical area; retrieving an indication of resource sharing clusters, of the cellular network, each including a group of transmission links considered to potentially cause transmission collisions; selecting a set of the resource sharing clusters according to a comparison of coordinates of the first network node with coordinates of the network nodes corresponding to the transmission links of the resource sharing clusters; if the selected set of resource sharing clusters is not empty, carrying out operations including: activating a new transmission link by exploiting an assigned frequency band.
Method and apparatus for controlling operations of electronic device
An example electronic device includes memory for storing a program for unlocking the first electronic device using a wearable electronic device; wireless communication circuitry; and one or more processors configured to execute the program stored in the memory to cause the electronic device to at least establish wireless communication, via the wireless communication circuitry, with the wearable electronic device when the wearable electronic device is in a wireless communication range of the first electronic device; determine whether the wearable second electronic device is authenticated for unlocking the first electronic device; determine whether the wearable electronic device is in a specific range of the first electronic device based on a signal transmitted from the wearable electronic device being worn; and unlock the first electronic device based on determining that the wearable electronic device is authenticated and is in the specific range of the electronic device.
Subscription information download method, related device, and system
Embodiments of the present invention disclose a subscription information download method, a related device, and a system. The method includes: receiving, by a first network device, a first request, where the first request is sent by a terminal after connecting to and attaching to a first network when the terminal has no effective profile, and is used to request to establish a network connection for downloading a profile; establishing, by the first network device, the network connection used for downloading the profile; and returning a response message for the first request to the terminal device, to inform the terminal device that the network connection has been successfully established.
Connection management system for electronic SIM card terminals, user terminals and applications
A connection management system for electronic SIM card terminals, a user terminal and an application, and belongs to the technical field of network connections for electronic SIM card terminals. The connection management system comprises a connection management module, a baseband processing module and a connection management server module. The connection management module randomly selects one preset operator Profile X from a plurality of pre-stored preset operator profiles, the baseband processing module establishes a temporary connection channel between the connection management module and a cellular network via Profile X, the connection management module applies for a local Profile A to the connection management server module and downloads the local Profile A from the connection management server module via the temporary connection channel, and the baseband processing module establishes a cellular data connection channel with the cellular network via Profile A. The present invention improves the global cellular data connectivity of terminals.
Methods and systems for affirmation of a BLUETOOTH® pairing
A method is provided for affirming the pairing of BLUETOOTH® enabled devices using an affirmation key. The method is performed by a BLUETOOTH® enabled peripheral computing device. The method includes a) advertising availability of the BLUETOOTH® enabled peripheral computing device for pairing, b) receiving a scan request from a BLUETOOTH® enabled central computing device, c) transmitting a scan response to the BLUETOOTH® enabled central computing device in response to the scan request, d) providing an affirmation value to the BLUETOOTH® enabled central computing device, e) receiving a connection request from the BLUETOOTH® enabled central computing device, f) establishing a connection with the BLUETOOTH® enabled central computing device, g) identifying an affirmation key provided by the BLUETOOTH® enabled central computing device, wherein the affirmation key is provided within an affirmation key characteristic, h) validating that the affirmation key is valid, and i) pairing with the BLUETOOTH® enabled central computing device.
Method and system for operating a communications device that communicates via inductive coupling
Embodiments of methods and systems for operating a communications device that communicates via inductive coupling are described. In an embodiment, a method for operating a communications device that communicates via inductive coupling involves obtaining at least one system or environmental parameter related to the communications device and adjusting a communications configuration of the communications device in response to the at least one system or environmental parameter. Other embodiments are also described.
Managing network connectivity using network activity requests
A controller such as an instant micro-connectivity controller includes a transceiver configured to receive a network access request (NAR) associated with an activity of an application executing on a device in a managed network. The NAR indicates a request for access by the application for a duration of the activity and the NAR includes a timestamp and information indicating the duration. The controller also includes a processor configured to selectively grant the request based on information included in the NAR and generate configuration information for the managed network in response to granting the request. In some cases, the configuration information is used to configure one or more of authorizations for a network switch, a firewall, a network address translation (NAT) element, and a router to route messages associated with the activity of the application.
Apparatus and method for controlling transmission and reception in a wireless communication system
A 5th generation (5G) or pre-5G communication system for supporting a higher data transfer rate than a 4th generation (4G) communication system such as long term evolution (LTE) is provided. An electronic device may include a processor and a communication interface operatively coupled to the processor for transmitting and receiving a message. The processor can transmit a first message to a first electronic device using a proximity communication for communication with a second electronic device, and the first message can include information enabling the first electronic device to communicate with the second electronic device on behalf of the electronic device.
System and method of providing multimedia service to a user equipment
A system and method to provide multimedia services to consumption end devices like set-top boxes and legacy phone and tablet devices that are incompatible to receive the multimedia service directly. These consumption devices interact with devices that provide multimedia service. Further, the present disclosure discloses mechanisms where an end consumption device can connect to a device like LTE connectivity device and obtain eMBMS multimedia services.
V2X communication method and device
Provided are a V2X communication method and device. The method includes: acquiring user attribute information; determining a detection parameter for detecting first V2X information according to the user attribute information, and detecting the first V2X information according to the detection parameter; and/or determining a sending parameter for sending second V2X information according to the user attribute information, and sending the second V2X information according to the sending parameter. The solution solves the problems of resource congestion and limited energy which are prone to occur in V2X communication in the related art, thereby achieving the purpose of improving the reliability of V2X communication, implementing congestion control and saving energy.
Wireless device detection, tracking, and authentication platform and techniques
Methods, systems, and techniques for wireless device detection, information, tracking, and authentication within a platform are provided. Example embodiments provide a Wireless Device Detection, Tracking, and Authentication System and methods, which enables users to detect wireless devices, obtain stored information about wireless devices, and authenticate wireless devices for a variety of purposes including determining similarity of devices based upon prior network connections, pinpointing the location of the device, verifying the cryptographic signature of the device, obtaining metadata associated with the device, and controlling the device to perform a particular action such as alerts and notifications. An example WDDTAS platform includes a server, one or more edge sensors communicatively connected to wireless/wired devices with or without software to configure the device to perform as an electronic tag and connected to electronic smart tags, and a persistent data repository.
Method and apparatus for controlling semi-persistent scheduling
A method of controlling Semi-Persistent Scheduling (SPS) for a user device, including: receiving, by the user device, sidelink (SL) SPS radio network temporary identifier (RNTI) from a base station; and receiving, by the user device, a SL grant including downlink control information (DCI from the base station with a Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH). The DCI includes a SL SPS index field and an activation/release indication field if the DCI with Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) is scrambled with the SL SPS RNTI. A start subframe for Sidelink Control (SC) period is determined based on an offset value and a subframe in which the sidelink grant is received, and an index of a subframe for SC period is relative to System Frame Number (SFN) 0.
Method of generating a georeferenced plan of a building complex based on transformation between cartesian projection spaces
The invention concerns a method of generating a georeferenced plan of a building or building complex, the method involving: providing a georeferenced reference image of a map or aerial view of an area (101) comprising the building or building complex (102) in a first Cartesian projection space; converting, by a processing device, first coordinates of three or more points defining a zone selection window (404) in the reference image into three or more corresponding geodetic coordinates; converting, by the processing device, the three or more geodetic coordinates into second coordinates of the three or more points in a second Cartesian projection space to define a final zone in the second Cartesian projection space; and generating the georeferenced plan by transforming, by the processing device, the image zone of the reference image delimited by the zone selection window (404) to fill the final zone in the second Cartesian projection space.
Method for processing an audio signal in accordance with a room impulse response, signal processing unit, audio encoder, audio decoder, and binaural renderer
A method for processing an audio signal in accordance with a room impulse response is described. The audio signal is separately processed with an early part and a late reverberation of the room impulse response, and the processed early part of the audio signal and the reverberated signal are combined. A transition from the early part to the late reverberation in the room impulse response is reached when a correlation measure reaches a threshold, the threshold being set dependent on the correlation measure for a selected one of the early reflections in the early part of the room impulse response.
Head-related transfer function (HRTF) personalization based on captured images of user
A virtual reality (VR) system simulates sounds that a user of the VR system perceives to have originated from sources at desired virtual locations of the VR system. The simulated sounds are generated based on personalized head-related transfer functions (HRTF) of the user that are constructed by applying machine-learned models to a set of anatomical features identified for the user. The set of anatomical features may be identified from images of the user captured by a camera. In one instance, the HRTF is represented as a reduced set of parameters that allow the machine-learned models to capture the variability in HRTF across individual users while being trained in a computationally-efficient manner.
Providing a multi-channel and a multi-zone audio environment
A multi-channel and multi-zone audio environment is provided. Various inventions are disclosed that allow playback devices on one or more networks to provide an effective multi-channel and a multi-zone audio environment using timing information. According to one example, timing information is used to coordinate playback devices connected over a low-latency network to provide audio along with a video display. In another example, timing information is used to coordinate playback devices connected over a mesh network to provide audio in one or more zones or zone groups.
Hearing aid including a vibrator touching a pinna
A hearing aid is disclosed. The hearing aid comprises a carrier unit and a vibrator unit provided on said carrier unit. The vibrator unit is configured to apply vibrations to a pinna of an outer ear of a user by touching said pinna.
Active adjustment of volumes enclosing speakers included in an audio device
An audio device includes a speaker array and a controller for beam-steering audio output by the speaker array to localize sound in different locations in a local area around the audio device. The audio device also includes a microphone array or a set of cameras configured to detect an object, such as a human, in the local area around the audio device. Additionally, the audio device includes a subwoofer for outputting low frequencies. Different speakers are included in different chambers, with the subwoofer also included in a chamber. The audio device opens or closes valve doors separating adjacent chambers to alter audio output. Opening the valve doors allows the audio device to better output low frequencies, while closing the valve door allows the audio device to direct audio output by the speakers to locations in the local area.
Intelligent beam steering in microphone array
Various aspects include approaches for intelligent acoustic beam steering. In particular aspects, a computer-implemented method of controlling a microphone array includes: generating an acoustic map including an acoustic description of a physical environment proximate the speaker system; focusing the microphone array in a direction based upon the acoustic map prior to receiving a voice command input at the microphone array, where generating the acoustic map includes: detecting a location of at least one noise source in the physical environment; and creating a microphone array filter configured to at least partially reject the at least one noise source; receiving voice feedback input from a user at the microphone array; and updating the acoustic map of the physical environment based upon the received voice feedback input.
Microphone assembly with pulse density modulated signal
The disclosure relates to a microphone assembly including a multibit analog-to-digital converter configured to generate N-bit samples representative of a microphone signal. The microphone assembly also includes a first digital-to-digital converter configured to generate a corresponding M-bit digital signal based on N-bit digital samples, wherein N and M are positive integers and N>M. The microphone assembly may include a data interface configured to repeatedly receive samples of the M-bit digital signal and write bits of the M-bit digital signal to a data frame.
Systems and methods for automatic mixing of media
Audio mix information is received from a plurality of users. Mix rules are determined from the audio mix information from the plurality of users, wherein the mix rules include a first mix rule associated with a first audio item. The first mix rule relates to an overlap of the first audio item with another audio item. The first mix rule is made available to one or more clients. After making the first mix rule available, an indication, from a respective client device, that the first audio item is to be mixed with a second audio item at the respective client device in accordance with the first mix rule is received. In response to the indication, a specification of the first mix rule is transmitted to the respective client device to be applied by the respective client device to generate a transition between the first audio item and the second item.
Audio directing loudspeaker grill
Examples are provided for a speaker system that redirects sound toward a listener, such as an occupant of a vehicle. The speaker system may be integrated into a headrest of a vehicle. An example speaker system includes a transducer adapted to generate sound waves at a first transducer output, a horn coupled to the transducer output and adapted to guide the sound waves from the transducer toward a horn output, and a grill coupled to the horn via a curved joint and adapted to redirect the sound waves from the horn output. The example speaker system may further include a pad ring or bezel positioned between the transducer and the horn.
Self-contained detector, and mapping device and method including such a detector
The invention relates to a self-contained detector (100) for measuring a physical quantity, which includes: at least one sensor (105) for sensing a value representing a physical quantity; a geolocation means (110), configured to provide geolocation coordinates of the detector; an emitter (145) of a wireless signal representing each detected value and the determined coordinates; and a self-contained electric power source (120) configured to power the detector, each sensor, the geolocation means, the emitter and the power source being embedded in a flexible, shock-resistant shell (125), and in a sealed shell (130).
Method and device for combining videos
A method includes acquiring a plurality of raw video files, obtaining video signals and audio signals from the raw video files, determining a sound feature from the audio signals, and combining the raw video files based on the sound feature to generate a combined video file.
Method and device for providing a main content and an extra content to a user through reference item
A method for providing a main content and an extra content to a user by accessing said extra content through a reference item. The method includes receiving said main content from a first source and displaying said main content by said first device. Also, based on said reference item, said extra content is retrieved and/or received from a second source and simultaneously displayed together with said main content on said first device. Or said reference item may be forwarded to a second device, and thereby said extra content is retrieved and/or received from a second source by said second device and, simultaneously, the main content is displayed on said first device and the extra content is displayed on said second device.
Utilizing multiple dimensions of commerce and streaming data to provide advanced user profiling and realtime commerce choices
Multiple dimensions of commerce and streaming data are able to be used to provide advanced user profiling and realtime commerce choices. By performing site and experience analytics, video analytics, commerce analytics and user analytics, better commerce choices are able to be presented to the user.
Bandwidth efficient multiple user panoramic video stream delivery system and method
A computer-implemented method for transmitting video from a source to a plurality of video receivers is provided. The method comprises receiving video from a camera corresponding to a scene being imaged; transmitting the video as a plurality of video streams, each to one of the plurality of video receivers; receiving feedback information from each of the plurality of video receivers; performing an optimization operation to optimize each of the plurality of video streams being transmitted based on the feedback information; wherein each optimized video stream is optimized for a particular video receiver based on the feedback information received for that video receiver.
Online collaboration systems and methods
An online collaboration system comprises at least one server in communication with multiple client computing devices over a communication network, the at least one server executing program code to host an online collaborative environment in which users of the client computing devices can collaborate. The at least one server executes program code to facilitate an online meeting between the users of the client computing devices in the online collaboration environment, display a plurality of conference panels on a user interface of at least some of the multiple client computing devices, each conference panel configured to depict a real-time video stream associated with one of the client computing devices participating in the online meeting and display at least one display panel on a user interface of at least some of the multiple client computing devices, wherein the at least one display panel of each user interface is configured to display common shared information relating to the online meeting.
Method and system for displaying and updating electronic information on a display device
A method and system is provided for displaying and updating electronic information on a display device. In an exemplary aspect, the method includes storing first and second digital information relating to first and second products, respectively, and transmitting this information to a display device to be displayed thereon by user interface pages navigable by a user. Moreover, the method includes determining a current page that is being displayed on the display device and determining whether either the first digital information or the second digital information product is being displayed on the current page. When the current page is displaying the first digital information, the method transmits unscheduled updates of the first digital information, such that the current page dynamically displays updated first digital information. Alternatively, when the current page is not displaying the second digital information, the method transmits scheduled updates of the second digital information.
Providing tile video streams to a client
A method is described for providing one or more tile streams to a client device for rendering a region-of-interest (ROI), wherein said ROI defines a region of a tile representation of a source video and wherein said method comprises: rendering a region-of-interest (ROI) video stream comprising a ROI of said source video; receiving ROI position information of at least one frame of said ROI video stream; and, receiving one or more tile streams that are requested the basis of said ROI position information and a spatial manifest file, said spatial manifest file defining one or more tile representations of said source video, a tile representation comprising one or more tile identifiers for identifying one or more tile streams and a tile position information defining the spatial position of said tile streams.
A video-on-demand system including a video server storing video-on-demand content and for streaming video-on-demand through a first layer of an internet page having a first layer and a second layer; and a controller for causing there to be formed in the second layer a plurality of selectable overlay images such that a user at a location in communication with the internet remote from the video server and the controller can display streamed video-on-demand of the first layer in combination with the overlay images of the second layer and can select one of the overlay images; wherein the overlay images correspond to respective control functions for the video-on-demand stream; and the controller is responsive to selection of an overlay image to change the video-on-demand stream in accordance with the corresponding respective control function.
Information processing device, information processing method, and program
The present disclosure relates to an information processing device, an information processing method, and a program enabling an enhanced sense of unity between a performer and a viewer. The information processing device includes a viewer information acquisition unit that acquires specific viewer information input from a viewer who views a distributed moving image, a performer information acquisition unit that acquires specific performer information input from a performer who performs in the moving image, an emotion recognition unit that recognizes an emotion on a basis of at least one of the viewer information and the performer information, and a control unit that controls an addition of an effect based on the emotion. The present technology is applicable to a distribution system that distributes moving images, for example.
Automatic generation of network pages from extracted media content
Disclosed are various embodiments to automatically generate network pages from extracted media content. In one embodiment, it is determined that a first facial expression of a face appearing in a frame of a digitally encoded video matches a second facial expression specified in a media extraction rule. The frame of the digitally encoded video is selected in response to the determination that the first facial expression matches the second facial expression. A user interface is generated that includes an image extracted from the selected frame of the digitally encoded video.
Set-top box with interactive features and system and method for use of same
A set-top box with interactive features and system and method for use of the same are disclosed. In one embodiment of the set-top box, the set-top box receives various types of set-top box data such as information about display-based interactions with the set-top box, information about a plurality of amenities on a residential property co-located with the set-top box, and information from a proximate wireless-enabled interactive programmable device interacting with the set-top box. The set-top box may render a map view of the property based on obtained map data. The map view may include an interactive graphical representation of the residential property and be annotated with at least a portion of the set-top box data.
Content comparison testing on linear media streams
A method is disclosed to include receiving first viewership information for a media segment displayed on a first electronic device, the first viewership information including a first viewership event associated with the media segment, where media content includes at least the media segment. The method can include receiving second viewership information for an overlay content segment displayed on a second electronic device, the second viewership information comprising a second viewership event associated with the overlay content segment. The method can include determining that a first viewership level for the overlay content segment is greater than a second viewership level for the media segment in view of the first viewership event or the second viewership event. The method can include sending a display instruction to a content management device instructing the content management device to send the overlay content segment to the first electronic device and the second electronic device.
Complex system architecture for sensatory data based decision-predictive profile construction and analysis
A computer system constructs a decision-predictive recipient profile using sensatory data tied to an online profile of a recipient. After obtaining base sensatory data tied to the online profile of the recipient, the system may filter the base sensatory data by searching the base sensatory data for one or more machine-cognizable characteristics. The filtered sensatory data may be provided to an execution group, which may review displays of the sensatory data. Responsive to the displays of the sensatory data, the execution group may generate descriptors of the content of the filtered sensatory data and send the descriptors to the system. The system may process the descriptors to generate or augment the decision-predictive recipient profile.
Methods and systems for adaptive content delivery
Systems, devices, and methods for streaming media content over a network are provided. One exemplary method of streaming media content over a network involves obtaining, at a client device coupled to the network from a device coupled to the network, a prioritized list of a plurality of content delivery sources on the network, selecting, by a media player at the client device, a first content delivery source of the plurality of content delivery sources based at least in part on the prioritized list, and requesting, by the media player, the media content from the first content delivery source via the network.
Systems and methods for live multimedia information collection, presentation, and standardization
The present disclosure relates to presentation of live multimedia information via a live multimedia information system that includes a collecting device, and a standardization server. A live instruction sent by a live terminal is received; ambient information is recorded and multimedia information is obtained using the collecting device; the multimedia information, which may include audiovisual information to be presented in real time to remote viewers, is sent to the standardization server according to the live instruction, which may identify a destination for the multimedia information. The standardization server may send the multimedia information, which may be optimized for one or more playing terminals, to a playing terminal, and the playing terminal may receive and play the multimedia information for a remote audience. Playback quality is improved for live multimedia information.
In-transport multi-channel media delivery
Embodiments provide efficient delivery of multiple media channels to in-transport terminals, for example, to reduce channel zapping delay in a bandwidth efficient manner. For example, an in-transport media (ITM) server can distribute multiple channel offerings to ITM clients in a transport craft. Meanwhile, the ITM server can monitor which channel offerings are presently being consumed via the ITM clients, and can transmit feedback to a remote media server, accordingly. Based on the feedback, the ITM server can receive the channel offerings from the remote media server, in such a way that one or more of the channel offerings is received as a low-fidelity instance when not presently being consumed via any of the ITM clients, and one or more of the channel offerings is received as a high-fidelity instance when presently being consumed via at least one of the ITM clients.
Video reception method, video transmission method, video reception apparatus, and video transmission apparatus
Provided is a video reception method performed by a video reception apparatus including a display. The video reception method includes: receiving a reception signal multiplexed from video data and audio data; outputting, as first transfer characteristics information, transfer characteristics obtained by demultiplexing the reception signal; outputting, as second transfer characteristics information, transfer characteristics obtained by decoding the video data, the second transfer characteristics information being information for specifying, at frame accuracy, a transfer function corresponding to a luminance dynamic range of the video data; and displaying the video data while controlling a luminance dynamic range of the display at frame accuracy according to the second transfer characteristics information.
Intra prediction method and device in image coding system
An intra prediction method includes: receiving intra prediction mode information through a bitstream; deriving an intra prediction mode of a current block as a first intra directional mode on the basis of the intra prediction mode information; deriving first neighboring samples of the current block; deriving a reference sample adjacent to a target sample in the current block on the basis of a prediction direction of the first intra directional mode; deriving second neighboring samples of a neighboring block to which the reference sample belongs; determining a modified prediction direction on the basis of a comparison between the reference sample and at least one of the second neighboring samples; and deriving a prediction value for the target sample on the basis of the modified prediction direction and the first neighboring samples.
Geometry-based priority for the construction of candidate lists
In one example, a device includes a memory configured to store the video data; and one or more processors implemented in circuitry and configured to determine a plurality of distances between a first representative point of a current block of video data and a plurality of second representative points of neighboring blocks to the current block, add one or more of the neighboring blocks as candidates to a candidate list of the current block in an order according to the distances between the first representative point and the second representative points, and code the current block using the candidate list. The candidate list may be, for example, a merge list, an AMVP list, or a most probable mode list. Alternatively, the candidate list may be a list of candidates from which to determine context information for context-adaptive binary arithmetic coding (CABAC).
Flexible band offset mode in sample adaptive offset in HEVC
A Flexible Band Offset (FBO) apparatus and method of performing Sample Adaptive Offset (SAO) filtering within encoders and decoders, such as according to the High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standard, and similarly configured coding devices. The number of Band Offset (BO) modes and the number of necessary offsets is reduced. The invention beneficially provides simpler coding, reduces temporary buffer size requirements, and can yield a small performance gain over existing SAO techniques of HEVC test model HM 5.
Image coding apparatus, image coding method, and non-transitory computer-readable storage medium
An image coding apparatus comprising a coding unit generating coded data by executing prediction coding of an image of a coding target frame, a compression/decompression unit compressing a decoded image obtained by decoding the coded data and store it in a memory, and decompressing a compressed decoded image and output the decompressed decoded image as a reference image in the prediction coding, and a compression ratio calculation unit calculating a compression ratio of the compressed decoded image from the decoded image before compression and the compressed decoded image, wherein in accordance with the compression ratio of the compressed decoded image corresponding to a reference image used in inter-prediction coding processing among the stored compressed decoded images, execution of the bidirectional prediction using the reference image is controlled.
Determination of a co-located luminance sample of a color component sample, for HDR coding/decoding
A method for determining a luminance value used to process color samples in a decoder or encoder is provided comprising determining (33, 44) a luminance sample associated with a chroma sample position in a common space; and applying (34, 492) the determined luminance sample in a process that depends on luminance that is being applied to the chroma sample.
Image coding method, image decoding method, image coding apparatus, image decoding apparatus, and image coding-decoding apparatus
An image coding method includes: generating a predicted block; calculating a residual block; calculating quantized coefficients by performing transform and quantization on the residual block; calculating a coded residual block by performing inverse quantization and inverse transform on the quantized coefficients; generating a temporary coded block; determining whether or not an offset process is required, to generate first flag information indicating a result of the determination; executing the offset process on the temporary coded block when it is determined that the offset process is required; and performing variable-length coding on the quantized coefficients and the first flag information.
Techniques for predicting perceptual video quality based on complementary perceptual quality models
In various embodiments, an ensemble prediction application computes a quality score for re-constructed visual content that is derived from visual content. The ensemble prediction application computes a first quality score for the re-constructed video content based on a first set of values for a first set of features and a first model that associates the first set of values with the first quality score. The ensemble prediction application computes a second quality score for the re-constructed video content based on a second set of values for a second set of features and a second model that associates the second set of values with the second quality score. Subsequently, the ensemble prediction application determines an overall quality score for the re-constructed video content based on the first quality score and the second quality score. The overall quality score indicates a level of visual quality associated with streamed video content.
Rate control for video splicing applications
Rate control techniques are provided for encoding an input video sequence into a compressed coded bitstream with multiple coding passes. The final coding pass may comprise final splices with non-overlapping frames that do not extend into neighboring final splices. A final splice in the final coding pass may correspond to at least one non-final splice in a non-final coding pass. A non-final splice may have overlapping frames that extend into neighboring final splices in the final coding pass. The overlapping frames in the non-final splice may be used to derive complexity information about the neighboring final splices. The complexity information about the neighboring final splices, as derived from the overlapping frames, may be used to allocate or improve rate control related budgets in encoding the final splice into the compressed coded bitstream in the final coding pass.
Intra-prediction mode determination method, intra-prediction mode determination device, and storage medium for storing intra-prediction mode determination program
An intra-prediction mode determination device is applied in a video coding device that recursively divides input video blocks into small blocks to perform coding by intra-prediction or inter-frame prediction, and includes a prediction mode selection unit and a number of bins adjustment unit that are provided in correspondence to only one of possible sizes of the small blocks. The prediction mode selection unit evaluates, with respect to each of the small blocks, the coding cost of a plurality of prediction mode candidates on the basis of a residual corresponding to the prediction mode candidates and the number of bins allocated to the prediction mode candidates, and selects an intra-prediction mode from the plurality of prediction mode candidates. The number of bins adjustment unit, when the prediction mode selection unit evaluates the coding cost, increases the number of bins corresponding to a specific prediction mode candidate.
Method and device for processing coding unit in image coding system
A method for decoding a picture, according to the present invention, comprises the steps of: receiving split flag information and merge flag information; splitting a coding unit (CU) of one or more depths n into CUs of depth n+1, on the basis of the split flag information; generating a merged CU by combining parts of the CUs of the depth n+1, on the basis of the merge flag information; and performing a decoding procedure for generating a restoration picture, on the basis of the generated merge CU. According to the present invention, a decoding procedure can be performed by merging CUs having similar characteristics, and thus auxiliary information to be received and processed is reduced and coding efficiency is improved.
Apparatus and method for rendering image
An image rendering apparatus and method for rendering a stereoscopic image are provided. The image rendering apparatus may estimate a disparity of an image pixel included in an input image. Based on the disparity, a viewpoint direction of the image pixel may be determined by the image rendering apparatus. The image rendering apparatus may render a stereoscopic image by assigning a pixel value of the image pixel to a display pixel having a viewpoint direction corresponding to the viewpoint direction of the image pixel, instead of generating a multiview image.
Scanning projectors and image capture modules for 3D mapping
Apparatus for mapping includes a radiation source, which is configured to emit at least one beam of radiation, and a detector and optics, which define a sensing area of the detector. A scanner is configured to receive and scan the at least one beam over a selected angular range within a region of interest while scanning the sensing area over the selected angular range in synchronization with the at least one beam from the radiation source. A processor is configured to process signals output by the detector in order to construct a three-dimensional (3D) map of an object in the region of interest.
Three dimensional outline information sensing system and sensing method
A three dimensional outline information sensing system includes a variable focus image capturing device, and a processing unit. The variable focus image capturing device is configured to continuously capture a plurality of two dimensional images of an object at a plurality of focal lengths. The processing unit is configured to remove out-of-focus parts of the plurality of two dimensional images and keep on-focus parts of the plurality of two dimensional images, and obtain three dimensional outline information of the object by stacking the on-focus parts of the plurality of two dimensional images according to corresponding focal lengths of the plurality of two dimensional images.
Methods and apparatus for processing content based on viewing information and/or communicating content
Methods and apparatus for collecting user feedback information from viewers of content are described. Feedback information is received from viewers of content. The feedback indicates, based on head tracking information in some embodiments, where users are looking in a simulated environment during different times of a content presentation, e.g., different frame times. The feedback information is used to prioritize different portions of an environment represented by the captured image content. Resolution allocation is performed based on the feedback information and the content re-encoded based on the resolution allocation. The resolution allocation may and normally does change as the priority of different portions of the environment change.
Compatible stereoscopic video delivery
Stereoscopic images are subsampled and placed in a “checkerboard” pattern in an image. The image is encoded in a monoscopic video format. The monoscopic video is transmitted to a device where the “checkerboard” is decoded. Portions of the checkerboard (e.g., “black” portions) are used to reconstruct one of the stereoscopic images and the other portion of the checkerboard (e.g., “white” portions) are used to reconstruct the other image. The subsamples are, for example, taken from the image in a location coincident to the checkerboard position in which the subsamples are encoded.
Arrangement for, and method of, loading freight into a shipping container
A plurality of three-dimensional (3D) cameras is deployed about a zone through which freight is conveyed to a shipping container. The 3D cameras have sensors with fields of view over which a plurality of point clouds of voxels are captured from the freight. A server combines the point clouds to obtain a composite point cloud of the freight, encloses the composite point cloud with a bounding box having dimensions, and dimensions the freight from the dimensions of the bounding box. An optional scale weighs the freight while it is being dimensioned and moved through the zone.
Method and apparatus for adaptive exposure bracketing, segmentation and scene organization
A method, system and computer program are provided that present a real-time approach to Chromaticity maximization to be used in image segmentation. The ambient illuminant in a scene may be first approximated. The input image may then be preprocessed to remove the impact of the illuminant, and approximate an ambient white light source instead. The resultant image is then choma-maximized. The result is an adaptive Chromaticity maximization algorithm capable of adapting to a wide dynamic range of illuminations. A segmentation algorithm is put in place as well that takes advantage of such an approach. This approach also has applications in HDR photography and real-time HDR video.
Wavelength conversion element, light source apparatus, and projector
A wavelength conversion element includes a wavelength conversion layer having a first surface on which excitation light is incident, a second surface located on the side opposite the first surface, a plurality of phosphor particles that convert the excitation light in terms of wavelength to produce fluorescence, and a binder that holds the plurality of phosphor particles. The plurality of phosphor particles have a particle diameter distribution, and the minimum particle diameter in the particle diameter distribution of a plurality of the phosphor particles contained in a first region located on the side facing the first surface is greater than the minimum particle diameter in the particle diameter distribution of a plurality of the phosphor particles contained in a second region located on the side facing the second surface.
Interactive door assembly system and method
Embodiments of the present invention provides a system and method of a smart door. The system includes a camera, a display interface, and an internal rechargeable battery. In some embodiments, a camera and a display interface are mounted on both sides of the door, thus allowing users to communicate through the door while the door forms a physical barrier between the communicating users. The system networks multiple doors together. At least one door can track occupants location and entrance/exit within a structure. The system also provides the capability to give user wellness information and operate fully with biometrics
Surround view monitor apparatus
A surround view monitor apparatus includes two imaging devices mounted on a first vehicle section of an articulated vehicle to capture two respective images that include, within fields of view thereof, areas of view looking in a direction of a road surface area occupied by a second vehicle section in an unbent state, a control unit configured to select one of the two images as an image to be displayed on the road surface area in response to a bending angle between the first vehicle section and the second vehicle section, and configured to combine the two images to generate a synthesized image showing surroundings of the articulated vehicle, and a display monitor configured to display the synthesized image.
Structured plane illumination microscopy
An apparatus includes a light source configured for generating a coherent light beam having a wavelength, λ, a light detector, and beam-forming optics configured for receiving the generated light beam and for generating a plurality of substantially parallel Bessel-like beams directed into a sample in a first direction. Each of the Bessel-like beams has a fixed phase relative to the other Bessel-like beams. Imaging optics are configured for receiving light from a position within the sample that is illuminated by the Bessel-like beams and for imaging the received light onto the detector. The imaging optics include a detection objective having an axis oriented in a second direction that is non-parallel to the first direction, where the detector is configured for detecting light received by the imaging optics. A processor configured to generate an image of the sample based on the detected light.
Terminal and server for providing video call service
There is provided an application stored in a computer-readable storage medium and enabling a first terminal to perform a method of providing a video call service, the method includes: establishing a video call session between the first terminal and a second terminal; displaying an exposure control area for controlling an exposure area of an image of a first user displayed on the second terminal; receiving an input of the first user for controlling the exposure control area; and transmitting a signal for controlling the exposure area to the second terminal in response to the input of the first user.
Method for providing video call service, electronic device therefor, and server therefor
A method for providing a video call service by a server according to various embodiments may include the operations of: transmitting, to an electronic device, information regarding at least one counterpart user and information regarding whether or not the at least one counterpart user is currently engaged in a video call; receiving a request for a video call to a specific counterpart user, and transmitting the received request for a video call to an external electronic device of the specific counterpart user; receiving a response to the request for a video call from the external electronic device and transmitting the received response to the electronic device; receiving a request for transferring a point related to the video call service to the specific counterpart user while making the video call; and transmitting information regarding the transferred point. Various other embodiments are possible.
Video transmission apparatus, video transmission method, and program
A video transmission apparatus (10) includes: a specified-position information acquisition unit (110) that acquires specified-position information indicating a specified position in an area to be surveilled including each imaging region corresponding to each of a plurality of imaging apparatuses; and a video transmission control unit (120) that selects at least one imaging apparatus from among the plurality of imaging apparatuses using imaging position information indicating a position or an imaging range of each of the plurality of imaging apparatuses and the specified-position information and transmits a video captured by the selected imaging apparatus to a video sharing apparatus that is to share the video.
Remote controller, display apparatus and controlling method thereof
A remote controller is provided. The remote controller includes a transmitter; a microphone configured to receive an audio signal output from an audio output apparatus; a communicator comprising communication circuitry configured to perform communication with a display apparatus connected to the audio output apparatus and to transmit the audio signal received through the microphone to the display apparatus; and a processor configured to control the transmitter to transmit to the audio output apparatus a signal for controlling a power of the audio output apparatus based on information indicating whether there is a test tone in an audio signal received by the microphone and received from the display apparatus.
Image reader comprising CMOS based image sensor array
The invention features an image reader and a corresponding method for capturing a sharp distortion free image of a target, such as a one or two-dimensional bar code. In one embodiment, the image reader comprises a two-dimensional CMOS based image sensor array, a timing module, an illumination module, and a control module. The time during which the target is illuminated is referred to as the illumination period. The capture of the image by the image sensor array is driven by the timing module that, in one embodiment, is able to simultaneously expose substantially all of the pixels in the array. The time during which the pixels are collectively activated to photo-convert incident light into charge defines the exposure period for the sensor array. In one embodiment, at least a portion of the exposure period occurs during the illumination period.
Solid-state image sensor, image capture apparatus and image capture method
A solid-state image sensor is provided with a pixel array including a measuring pixel and an imaging pixel, a compression circuit that applies compression processing to a signal obtained by the measuring pixel, and an output circuit that outputs the signal obtained by the measuring pixel and a signal obtained by the imaging pixel. The solid-state image sensor is configured to operate in a first mode in which a signal that is obtained by the measuring pixel and then applied the compression processing is output, and in a second mode in which a signal that is obtained by the imaging pixel and then not applied the compression processing is output.
Analog-to-digital converter (ADC) sampling system
An analog-to-digital converter (ADC) sampling system and method for imaging and non-imaging systems to conserve power consumption is provided. The ADC sampling system performs only two comparisons for each pixel based on a background value and a threshold value to determine whether the light detected by the pixel is different from a background image.
Method and system of adaptable exposure control and light projection for cameras
Techniques related to a method and system of adaptable exposure control and light projection for cameras are described herein.
Ortho-selfie distortion correction using multiple image sensors to synthesize a virtual image
A method for correcting perspective distortion includes acquiring a plurality of images of a given subject by at least one camera of a mobile device, wherein each of the images is taken using respective actual settings for the camera captured by at least one sensor of the mobile device. The method further includes processing the images and the respective actual settings for each of the images to synthesize a single image of the given subject, wherein the single image emulates using specified virtual settings for the camera. The method further comprises displaying the synthesized single image of the given subject to a user of the mobile device.
Generating long exposure images for high dynamic range processing
Systems and methods are disclosed for generating long exposure images for high dynamic range processing. For example, methods may include receiving a short exposure image that was captured using an image sensor; receiving an additional image that was captured using the image sensor; determining a long exposure image based on the short exposure image and the additional image; applying high dynamic range processing to the short exposure image and the long exposure image to obtain an output image with a larger dynamic range than the short exposure image; and transmitting, storing, or displaying an image based on the output image.
Real-time image capture system
A method for processing camera images in real-time is disclosed. The user starts a process that generates a feed from a mobile device of camera images of a document. An image from the feed is obtained and set as the current image. One or more of a plurality of aspects regarding the image are computed and tested against a threshold. If the aspect fails to satisfy the threshold, then the user is prompted to change the move the mobile device. Once the aspects satisfy their respective thresholds, the camera feed is stopped, the last image is saved, and character recognition of the last image is performed and displayed to the user.
Lens drive apparatus, camera module and camera
A lens drive apparatus has: a magnet and a coil configured to displace the lens holder in a direction of an optical axis and a direction orthogonal to the optical axis in collaboration with each other. The coil includes first and second coils. The magnet includes first and second magnets. The first coil is disposed on an outer periphery of the lens holder. The first magnet, the second magnet, the second coil and a Hall device are each disposed to be spaced from the outer periphery of the lens holder at respective positions different from each other in the direction of the optical axis. Inner surfaces of the magnets at a side of the lens holder and outer surfaces of the magnets at an opposite side of the inner surfaces have reverse polarities, the inner surfaces have reverse polarities, and the outer surfaces have reverse polarities.
Optical image stabilization system, imaging device, and electronic device
An optical image stabilization system, an imaging device, and an electronic device are provided. The optical image stabilization system includes a micro electro-mechanical system (MEMS), and an image sensor. The MEMS includes a fixed electrode, a movable electrode, and a deformable connection member. The movable electrode cooperates with the fixed electrode. The deformable connection member is configured to fixedly connect the fixed electrode with the movable electrode. The image sensor is fixedly connected to the movable electrode. The fixed electrode and the movable electrode are configured to generate an electrostatic force under a driving voltage. The deformable connection member is configured to deform under the electrostatic force in a direction where the movable electrode moves, to make the movable electrode move, so as to drive the image sensor to move.
Input apparatus, input method of input apparatus, and output apparatus
An input apparatus for inputting a diagnosis result of a diagnosis target detectable for a structure includes circuitry configured to display a spherical image captured for the structure on a screen, receive an input of a position of the diagnosis target in the spherical image, store position information indicating the received position of the diagnosis target in the spherical image in a memory, display, on the screen, the spherical image and a diagnosis information input field used for inputting diagnosis information of the diagnosis target, receive an input of the diagnosis information of the to diagnosis target input via the diagnosis information input field, and store the diagnosis information and the position information indicating the received position of the diagnosis target in the spherical image, in the memory in association with each other.
Audio data acquisition device including a top surface to be attached to a bottom of an omnidirectional image sensing device
An audio data acquisition device for obtaining audio data, and an audio data acquisition system. The audio data acquisition device for obtaining audio data includes a top surface to be attached to a bottom of an omnidirectional image sensing device. The audio data acquisition system includes the audio data acquisition device for obtaining audio data, and the omnidirectional image sensing device. In the audio data acquisition system, a top surface of the audio data acquisition device is to be attached to a bottom of the omnidirectional image sensing device.
Imaging optical system and imaging apparatus
An imaging optical system according to the present invention is the imaging optical system composed by arranging a front group, a stop, and a rear group in order from an object side, a lens arranged closest to the stop in the front group is a positive lens, a lens arranged closest to the stop in the rear group is also a positive lens, and specific conditional expressions are satisfied. In addition, an imaging apparatus according to the present invention includes the imaging optical system.
Laser ranging and illumination
A method may include modulating a property of a laser with a reference signal to generate a transmit signal, and diverging the transmit signal to illuminate a field of illumination with the transmit signal, wherein the field of illumination includes an object. The method may include receiving, at a sensor, a signal reflected from the field of illumination and the object and comparing a phase of the received signal to a phase the reference signal. The method may include calculating a distance to the object based on the comparing.
Lens driving apparatus and lens driving method
A lens driving apparatus comprising: a stepping motor for driving a lens; a rotation detection sensor for detecting a rotation position of the stepping motor; and a controller which is capable of switching between open-loop control that performs position instruction in accordance with a predetermined pattern and closed-loop control that performs position instruction on the basis of follow-up delay, changes and accelerates the velocity for advancing the position of the stepping motor on the basis of a fixed velocity pattern by open-loop control when the lens starts moving, and transitions to the closed-loop control upon the velocity corresponding to the velocity pattern reaching a predetermined value.
Camera with radar system
A camera includes an optical system configured to record images based on light entering the optical system from an optical field of view, a radar system configured to obtain radar information of targets within a radar field of view that is overlapping with the optical field of view, the radar information including one or more of a distance information indicating the distance of targets with respect to the camera, a speed information indicating the speed of targets with respect to the camera and dimension information indicating a dimension of targets, and a control unit configured to control at least one parameter of the optical system based on the obtained radar information.
Apparatus having rotatable claw for mounting to an accessory and accessory having rotatable claw for mounting to an apparatus
The present invention provides the following camera. A first camera-side contact pin is a pin corresponding to detection of a signal change caused by coupling of a camera accessory. A second camera-side contact pin is a pin corresponding to supply of power for communication with the coupled camera accessory. A third camera-side contact pin is a pin corresponding to supply of a driving force to an actuator of the camera accessory. The first, second, and third camera-side contact pins are disposed in such a manner that, when a camera-side mount shifts from a first state to a second state, the third camera-side contact pin contacts first and second accessory-side contact surfaces, the second camera-side contact pin contacts the first accessory-side contact surface, and the first camera-side contact pin does not contact the second and third accessory-side contact surfaces.
Plenoptic camera and method of controlling the same
A plenoptic camera having a camera lens, a microlens array and a photosensors array is described. An optical device is arranged before the camera lens according to a light-traveling direction of a light flux entering the plenoptic camera. The optical device includes a first layer that is controllable between a transmissive mode and a scattering mode and at least one light source arranged at a border of the optical device. A method for controlling the plenoptic camera is also described.
System and method to identify backup camera vision impairment
A system to identify vision sensor impairment, the system including: a memory with one or more executable instructions; a controller to execute the executable instructions; a vision sensor located on a vehicle to capture at least one image of at least a portion of an environment surrounding the vehicle; where the executable instructions enable the controller to: receive a request communicated from a mobile computing device; in response to the request, communicate an activation signal to the vision sensor, the activation signal to activate the vision sensor to capture an image of the environment surrounding the vehicle; receive the captured image from the vision sensor; determine whether the view of the captured image includes a substantially impairing weather debris object; and based on this determination, generate a notification and communicate the notification to the mobile computing device.
Printing support system for generating distribution target data indicating distribution targets and method for controlling the printing support system
A printing support system includes an information processing apparatus and an image forming apparatus. The information processing apparatus generates distribution target data indicating distribution targets. Based on the distribution target data, the image forming apparatus recognizes departments to which the distribution targets belong, respectively. The image forming apparatus recognizes a minimum color number department whose permissible number of colors used is smallest. The image forming apparatus determines a highlight part in document data. The image forming apparatus generates automatic highlight image data that is image data including the highlight part subjected to a highlighting process and using a number of colors equal to the permissible number of colors of the minimum color number department.
Image sensing device, image reading device, image forming apparatus and image sensing method
An image sensing device includes a plurality of photoelectric conversion elements arranged in one direction for each color of received light, and an analog-digital (AD) convertor that performs analog-digital conversion for each pixel group configured by a plurality of photoelectric conversion elements selected from the photoelectric conversion elements. The AD converter is disposed in a position adjacent to each of the photoelectric conversion elements configuring the pixel group.
Image reading apparatus and image sensor
An image reading apparatus that controls relative positions of a carriage and a document in a first direction using a motor, so as to read an image of the document on a line by line basis, the carriage being mounted with an image sensor and a light source. The image reading apparatus detects an amount of movement caused by the motor in the first direction and generates a first trigger signal in response to input of a synchronization signal generated in accordance with the detected amount of movement, the first trigger signal instructing to start accumulation of charge in the image sensor, and, after a predetermined amount of time since the synchronization signal used for generating the first trigger signal is input, generates a second trigger signal, the second trigger signal instructing to end accumulation of the charge being accumulated in the image sensor.
System and method for controlling notifications in an electronic device according to user status
Controlling notification output from an electronic device includes detecting that a stress level of a user of the electronic device is above a predetermined threshold; and in response to the detection that the stress level of the user is above the predetermined threshold, applying a notification rule to control notification output, the application of the notification rule changing how or when a notification for the call or message is output by the electronic device relative to how or when the notification would be output had the user stress level been below the predetermined threshold.
Method and apparatus for customer service management for a wireless communication network
A method and system for providing Customer Service Management (CSM) a communication network, such as a 5G wireless communication network. The communication network provides at least one service involving one or more terminals serviced by the communication network. A CSM function is defined which is based upon said at least one service and customized to said at least one service, to provide service-customized CSM. CSM may provide service-based charging/billing, service-based context management, service-customized QoE control, service-customized network topology.
Method and device for reducing telephone call costs
There is described a gateway system comprising: a local-call device for receiving and sending phone call signals from and to a telephone device located in a same telecommunication zone; a VoIP device, distinct from the local-call device, for receiving and sending VoIP call signals from and to a remote and distinct VoIP device located in another distinct telecommunication zone; and a voice transmission apparatus comprises a set of two acoustically distinct chambers. Those comprise a first chamber comprising a first microphone and a second speaker; and a second chamber comprising a second microphone and a first speaker. The first microphone and the first speaker are in communication with the local-call device only and the second microphone and the second speaker are in communication with the VoIP device of the gateway system only.
Intelligent call handling and routing based on numbering plan area code
Certain aspects of the disclosure are directed to routing decisions implemented in response to data communications. According to a specific example, one or more computer processor circuits are to interface with remotely-situated client entities using a first programming language, and to provide a database of data communications services based on a subscription. In response to receipt of a data communication, client-specific sets of control data can be identified. The client-specific sets of control data are derived from programming instructions received over a message exchange protocol and corresponding to a second programming language that is compatible with the first programming language. Based on the client-specific sets of control data and using a numbering plan area (NPA) code of the received data communication, a nearby extension of the client entity can be identified, and the received data communication can be routed to the nearby extension.
Message forwarding and retrieval with a single messaging service
Embodiments described herein generally relate to a method and system of integrating a user's voice mail onto a single voice messaging service, e.g., a Unified Messaging (UM) service, such that a client may access this single source for voice mail retrieval, even where such voice mails are from a variety of sources, e.g., work, mobile phone, etc. A user, or the user's mobile operator, need only agree to accept the service, and the registration and configuration requirements for providing the service and forwarding calls to the service are automatically configured. The user's existing “speed dial” key or other setting for retrieving voice mail may also be automatically configured to the access number(s) for the service. Configurations may monitor the status of the service and update access and/or forwarding numbers. Voice mail forwarding and settings may also be automatically reverted back to the user's original service.
Dynamic initiation of automated call
Methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on a computer storage medium, relating to synthetic call initiation. In some implementations, a method includes receiving, by a call triggering module of a call initiating system for placing calls and conducing conversations between a bot of the call initiating system and human callee during the calls, data indicating a first event, determining, by the call triggering module and using the data indicating the first event, that the first event is a trigger event that triggers a workflow for the call initiating system that begins with initiating a phone call, selecting, based on the determined trigger event, a particular workflow, and in response to the selecting, initiating a phone call to a callee specified by the particular workflow.
Systems and methods for authenticating a caller at a call center
A system for authenticating the identity of a caller (i) receives a phone call from a caller, where the phone call is initiated through an application on a remote computer device associated with the caller, and where the phone call includes one or more phone authentication credentials; (ii) determines a preliminary identity of the caller based upon the one or more phone authentication credentials; (iii) receives online authentication credentials from the application on the remote computer device; (iv) determines a confirmed identity of the caller based, at least in part, upon the one or more online credentials and the preliminary identity of the caller; and (v) displays the confirmed identity of the caller to a user answering the phone call. As a result, the user and/or the system do not need to perform additional authentication before providing service to the caller.
Entertainment systems and methods
A method, device, system, and media are directed to controlling a multi-tuner radio. A voice command may be received and/or filtered. An operation of the radio may be modified based on the voice command. A gesture input may be received through a gesture pad. Another operation of the multi-tuner radio may be modified based on the received gesture input. A fingerprint may be recognized with a gesture pad. A user may be authenticated based on the recognized fingerprint. The operation or the other operation may be personalized based on the fingerprint. User training may be provided for the gesture input.
Support for mobile device
A support for a mobile device which is provided on a mounted portion of a mobile device or a case of the mobile device to support the mobile device, includes: a fixing portion provided on the mounted portion; an extending portion extended while being drawn in or out in a longitudinal direction; a rotating portion provided between the fixing portion and the extending portion to relatively rotate the fixing portion; and an end support portion rotatably provided at an end of the extending portion.
Golf club head
An exemplary golf club head having an increased amount of discretionary mass may be realized by utilizing improved drop angles, an improved average crown height, and/or articulation points. The discretionary mass may be placed low and deep in the club head to improve the location of the center of gravity as well as the inertial properties. A preferred break length may also be utilized to further improve the depth of the center of gravity. In one example, the center of gravity may be positioned to substantially align the sweet spot with the face center of the club head.
Transaction analyzer using graph-oriented data structures
Techniques described herein relate to generating graph-oriented data structures based on cross-channel multi-user transaction and/or interaction data from one or more data sources, Additional techniques relate to analyzing and processing transactions using the graph-oriented data structures. Transaction data may be received from various data sources, and analyzed to determine subsets of the transaction data relating to interactions between specific pairs of users. Graph-oriented data structures may be generated based on the subsets of transaction data relating to the specific pairs of users, and may be used to analyze and process transaction requests.
Remote procedure call using quorum state store
A method, system, and non-transitory computer readable medium are disclosed to regarding remote procedure call (RPC) functionality from a requestor node to a processing node using a quorum state store communication protocol. Records from a quorum state store may be augmented to include an indication of both the processing node and the requestor node; remote procedure call (RPC) request information; and information including RPC coordination information. Heartbeat messages may propagate updated quorum state store records throughout the quorum. Requestor nodes and processing nodes may perform requested functions and supply status information via updates to their own quorum state store records. Quorum state store records may be propagated throughout the quorum even when direct communication between requestor nodes and processing nodes may not be available.
Trigger event based data feed of virtual universe data
Disclosed herein is a system and method for data collection in a virtual universe. The system can determine a first virtual universe object in a virtual universe comprises a first data source for a first data feed. The system can determine a first trigger event associated with the first data source. The system can determine permission has been granted to access the first data feed. The system can in response to determining permission has been granted to access the first data feed: determine to capture first data from the first data feed in response to a second virtual universe object performing the first trigger event; determine to create a first data feed file comprising the first data and first information related to the second virtual universe object; and determine to transmit the first data feed file to a user device associated with the first virtual universe object.
Integrated system for producing procedural data change sets communicated to multiple client devices
An embodiment provides a method, including: receiving, at a server, change data from a mobile device; identifying, using a processor, a set of display elements impacted by the change data, wherein said set of display elements comprises display elements of at least two different end user application displays; updating, using the processor, the set of display elements according to the change data; storing, in a memory device, a sequential identification associated with the updated set of display elements; receiving, at the server, a request from an end user client for updated information, wherein the request includes a previous sequential identification; determining, using the processor, a delta representing the difference between the sequential identification and the previous sequential identification; generating, using the processor, a set of updated view components for the end user client based on the delta; and communicating, over a network connection, the set of view components to the end user client. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Method, apparatus, and electronic device for processing consensus requests in a blockchain consensus network
A method for processing a consensus request in a computer network comprises: determining a pending request set, the pending request set including one or more pending consensus requests; determining a number of subsets that are in a consensus stage, wherein the subsets comprise the pending consensus requests that are obtained from the pending request set; and when the number of subsets that are in the consensus stage is less than a preset concurrent number of the computer network, issuing a consensus proposal for a new subset to the computer network to cause the new subset to enter the consensus stage to process the pending consensus requests, wherein the preset concurrent number is an upper limit of the number of subsets that are permitted to be simultaneously in the consensus stage in the computer network.
Transaction authorizations using device characteristics
A merchant server may integrate device identifying code into a webpage. In response to a device accessing the webpage, the device identifying code may cause the merchant server to obtain characteristics of the device. A device registry may compare the characteristics of the device with known device profiles to determine a risk level of the device. A transaction account issuer may utilize the risk level in performing an authorization evaluation.
Data maintenance using pipeline
In some embodiments, a method comprises: receiving update data from a data source, the update data being part of a data feed from the data source; in response to receiving the update data from the data source, storing the update data in a data buffer; transmitting the update data from the data buffer to a data transformer, the data transformer being configured to transform the update data and to transmit the transformed update data to an online service, the update data being continued to be stored in the data buffer subsequent to the transmitting of the update data to the data transformer; receiving a request for retransmission of the update data from the data buffer to the data transformer, and in response to the request for retransmission, retransmitting the update data from the data buffer to the data transformer.
Global provisioning of millions of users with deployment units
Described herein is technology for, among other things, global provisioning of a service. The technology involves a provisioning server obtaining location information for a client. The provisioning server determines an appropriate deployment unit, based on the location information, to which the client will be assigned. The provisioning server transmits assignment information for the appropriate deployment unit to the client. The client then communicatively couples to the assigned deployment unit and begins receiving the service from the deployment unit.
Developing and implementing migration sequences in data communication networks
Techniques for migrating a plurality of communications services in a data communication network are disclosed. Aspects include accessing a migration map for the plurality of communications services; identifying a communications dependency between a first service and a second service according to the migration map, the first service migrating from a first route to a second route, the second service migrating from a third route to a fourth route, and the third route at least partially overlapping with the second route; determining a migration sequence based on the communications dependency, wherein the migration sequence includes a largest subset of the plurality of communications services of which no more than M communications services are allowed to migrate from pre-migration configurations to temporary routes, before migrating to post-migration configurations; and migrating the plurality of communications services from a first plurality of configurations to a second plurality of configurations according to the migration sequence.
System and method for supporting data communication in a heterogeneous environment
System and method can support data communication in a heterogeneous environment. The system can establish a connection between a first device and a second device, wherein the connection is based on a protocol, which associates a host mode or an accessory mode with one or more connected devices. Furthermore, a controller on the first device can determine a device type associated with the second device, and can configure the first device to be in either the host mode or the accessory mode, based on the determined device type associated with the second device, to handle data communication between the first device and the second device.
Method and apparatus for multipath communication
In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method, comprising exchanging connectivity information, setting up a connection, determining that a correspondent node has at least one access in an inactive state, and transmitting a request to the correspondent node to activate at least one of the at least one access in an inactive state. The setting up may be done based on the exchanged connectivity information.
Configurable context aware sensors in IoT smart spaces
Each of a plurality of Internet of Things (IoT) devices includes at least one sensor. At least some of the plurality of IoT devices may have a single, low power, state. At least some of the plurality of IoT devices may have a first, low-power, low-bandwidth, “STANDBY” state and a second, high-power, high-bandwidth, “ACTIVE” state. Controller circuitry, that may include sensor abstraction circuitry and/or analytics circuitry receives a signal from a first IoT device, analyzes the signal and determines whether to transition a second IoT device from the STANDBY state to the ACTIVE state. The controller circuitry beneficially minimizes power consumption and bandwidth requirements for the second IoT device. The controller circuitry also determines at least one of: an event context or an environmental context.
System and method for coordinating agricultural vehicle communication
A control system for a first agricultural vehicle includes a first transceiver that communicatively couples to a second transceiver of a second agricultural vehicle via a communication network. The control system further includes a first controller communicatively coupled to the first transceiver, such that the first controller includes a processor and a memory device storing instructions thereon that when executed cause the processor to establish a first team that is accessible by the second agricultural vehicle, cause the second agricultural vehicle to join the first team upon receipt of a first signal from the second agricultural vehicle, such that the first signal is indicative of login credentials, and enable communication between the first agricultural vehicle and the second agricultural vehicle via the communication network to facilitate coordination between the first and second agricultural vehicles.
System and method to enable sensory data for any devices connected to a phone in a 5G network
A method of sharing information between an external device and a portable processing device in communication with the external device, including the steps of the portable processing device evaluating policy restrictions associated with the external device, evaluating requested data by the external device in view of the policy restrictions, if the requested data may be shared with the external device, then the portable process device providing access to the data requested. The method may further include setting policy restrictions as a function of the external device, 3rd party security requirements, subscriber preferences and/or predefined mobility network policies.
Network storage protocol and adaptive batching apparatuses, methods, and systems
A computer network-storage protocol system, including at least one initiator device having an initiator block layer and an initiator network layer interfacing with a first network driver; at least one target device having a target block layer and a target network layer interfacing with a second network driver; a plurality of network interface controllers (NICs) interfacing with the first network driver and the second network driver; a plurality of distinct channels, each channel establishing a connection between the initiator device and the target device and being configured to transmit packets between the initiator device and the target device, wherein each channel is mapped to only one NIC; and wherein the initiator block layer includes at least one request message buffer and at least one data message buffer.
Graphical user interface for storage cluster management
A storage system management station includes monitoring software with a GUI. The GUI presents operational status of software, physical devices and interconnecting cabling associated with a logical storage cluster. Graphical representations of physical devices may include line drawings that help to identify the devices and ports to which cabling is connected. Selected types of cabling may be presented in order to simplify the displayed image. An indication of associations between different data center sites and individual physical devices may also be provided. An interface may also be provided for upgrading, enabling, disabling, failing and recovering components. A mapping graphic illustrates the relationship between the virtual-volume and the underlying storage-volume with the LUN ID displayed by the GUI. Multiple clusters can be managed from a single screen.
System and method for optimizing transfer of data chunks using radio frequency (RF) handshaking
A method and a system to optimize the transfer of data chunks between Source Devices and Destination Devices using a transfer administer is described, wherein the Source Devices, the Destination Devices and the transfer administrator are interspersed in a Collaborative Work Environment, and wherein the optimization is accomplished by performing radio frequency (RF) signal based handshakes between the Source Devices and the transfer administrator.
Hybrid cloud applications
As disclosed herein a method, executed by a computer, for enabling a hybrid cloud environment includes receiving, on a cloud environment, a hybrid cloud application package comprising a deployable cloud package and a deployable on-premise package, and deploying the deployable cloud package in a container on the cloud environment, providing a cloud application. The method further includes establishing a secure bi-directional communication tunnel between the cloud environment and an on-premise environment, thereby masking network connection information, and sending, with the secure bi-directional messaging framework, the deployable on-premise package to an on-premise server in the on-premise environment. The method further includes sending a message, with the secure bi-directional messaging framework, requesting services from an on-premise application. A computer program product and a computer system corresponding to the above method are also disclosed herein.
System and method for distribution and consumption of content
Content is received from content producer computers and distributed by the system to content consumer computers via a computer network. The system monitors for indications of interactions with the content by the content consumer computer. The system receives out-of-band transaction data, such as financial transaction data, of content consumer parties associated with the content consumer computers. The system generates correlations between the interactions with the content and the out-of-band transaction data, and outputs the correlations to the content producer computers.
Method for sharing file and electronic device for the same
A method and an apparatus include a memory, a communication unit comprising communication circuitry, and a processor functionally coupled with the memory and/or the communication unit. The processor is configured to receive a transmit request of a file stored in the memory, to determine whether the requested file exceeds a reference size, to send the requested file to a server through the communication unit using a module configured with a file transfer function if the requested file exceeds the reference size, to receiver from the server a file access path relating to the transmitted file, and to share the received file access path with another electronic device.
Systems and methods for quick start-up of playback
Systems and methods for quick start-up of playback in accordance with embodiments of the invention are disclosed. Media content may be encoded in a plurality of alternative streams and a quick start-up stream. The quick start-up stream may include media content that is encoded at a lower quality that the alternative streams and may be encrypted with a different, less secure encryption process than that of the alternative streams. During a start-up of playback, the playback device streams the media content from a quick start-up stream until a metric, such as a decryption key for the alternative streams is met. The device then streams the media content from the alternative streams in response to the metric being met.
Method, system and non-transitory computer-readable recording medium for providing a multilateral communication service
A method for a multilateral communication service includes acquiring at least one of a first video taken in a device of a first user, a first voice recorded in the device of the first user, and a first text message entered in the device of the first user; and specifying a plurality of display areas respectively assigned to a plurality of users participating in a conversation, and dynamically providing at least one of the first video, the first voice, and the first text message to a first display area assigned to the first user. When the first video or text message is dynamically provided, the first video or text message is dynamically displayed in the first display area, and when the first text message is dynamically displayed in the first display area, only a text message most recently entered by the first user is displayed in the first display area.
Extended mixed multimedia reality platform
In an embodiment, systems and methods disclosed herein relate to a mobile mixed reality platform that enables users in different physical locations in a building, city, state, or across the world to interact in a shared virtual environment during an interactive session. This virtual environment enables the sharing and generation of virtual elements such as documents and three-dimensional models, and immerses the users in the environment with wearable technology so that the users have an experience that mirrors real-time interactions in situations including professional meetings, training, and other interactions that involve parties from different physical locations who desire to have a shared, immersive, virtual environment for interaction.
Providing SIP signaling data for third party surveillance
Facilitating surveillance of a targeted user participating in communication sessions over a network, such as a VoIP network, that employs SIP. The method includes receiving a subscription request from a subscriber, the subscription request identifying a targeted user to be monitored, monitoring communication sessions in which the targeted user is a participant, to detect SIP events corresponding to state transitions associated with the communication sessions. A system for facilitating surveillance of a targeted user includes an API operable to receive a subscription request from a third party subscriber, the subscription request identifying the targeted user, wherein the third party subscriber is not a participant in the one or more communication sessions, and a SIP events monitoring module operable to detect one or more predetermined SIP events associated with the communication sessions based on the subscription request and notify the third party subscriber of the detected SIP events.
Automated security policy
There is disclosed a computing apparatus, including: a hardware platform; a service mapping requirements table including a plurality of components and having associated therewith a plurality of service requirements; an isolation platform; and a security policy engine configured to: receive a new appliance image for the isolation platform; scan the new appliance image and build a bill of materials (BoM) for the new container image, the BoM including a plurality of components; search the service mapping requirements table for the plurality of components and identify service requirements for the components; and generate a security policy for the new appliance image.
Mobile equipment identity and/or IOT equipment identity and application identity based security enforcement in service provider networks
Techniques for mobile equipment identity and/or IoT equipment identity and application identity based security enforcement in service provider networks (e.g., service provider networks for mobile subscribers) are disclosed. In some embodiments, a system/process/computer program product for mobile equipment identity and/or IoT equipment identity and application identity based security enforcement in service provider networks includes monitoring network traffic on a service provider network at a security platform to identify a device identifier for a new session; determining an application identifier for user traffic associated with the new session at the security platform; and determining a security policy to apply at the security platform to the new session based on the device identifier and the application identifier.
System and method for detecting phishing web pages
A method for detecting a phishing web page. The method, executable at a sever, comprises detecting at least one unique web page attribute that allows to identify a known phishing web page as a phishing web page; analyzing, by the server, the known phishing web page to determine at least one additional unique attribute indicative of the known phishing web page targeting a phishing target web resource; generating, by the server, at least one phishing detection rule that is based on the at least one unique attribute and the at least one additional attribute; storing the at least one phishing detection rule; receiving a new web page to be checked for phishing; applying the at least one phishing detection rule for analyzing the new web page; in response to the analyzing rendering a positive outcome, identifying the new web page as a phishing web page.
Resource-centric network cyber attack warning system
A computer system may generate alerts related to a potential cyber attack an resource of an organization. The computer system may receive activity information associated with activity on a computer network of the organization, access contextual information about the resource, determine, based on the contextual information, select, based at least in part on the contextual information, one or more indicators that are indicative of a cyber attack against the resource to form a second plurality of indicators, and generate, based at least in part on the second plurality of indicators and the contextual information, a risk score, wherein the risk score indicates a probability that the resource is at risk of a cyber attack. In response to the risk score satisfying a threshold value, the computer system may generate an alert. Alerts may be presented using a graphical user interface. Analysts' actions may be tracked for review.
Protecting network devices from suspicious communications
According to some aspects, disclosed methods and systems may comprise generating a profile that is based on monitoring a communication pattern associated with a device. Subsequent communications associated with the device may be monitored. Based on the profile and the subsequent communication, a security status may be associated with the device.
Systems and methods for assessing riskiness of a domain
One or more computing devices, systems, and/or methods for assessing riskiness of a domain are provided. For example, a content request is received from a content provider service that hosts a website associated with a domain. The content request is evaluated to identify request features. Feature scores are assigned to the request features using labeled feature data. The feature scores are aggregated to generate a content request risk score corresponding to a riskiness of the content request corresponding to fraud, such as domain spoofing. The content request risk score along with other content request risk scores of content requests associated with the content provider service are aggregated to create a content provider risk score corresponding to a riskiness of the content provider service, such as a risk of the domain being fraudulent. The content provider risk score is used to either block or process the content request.
Method and system for detecting remote access during activity on the pages of a web resource
Non-limiting embodiments of the present technology are directed to a field of computer science, and particularly to the methods and systems for remote access detection when browsing web resource pages. A method comprises receiving data representative of a periodicity of a computer mouse movement events; generating a statistical model, the statistical model representative of a typical periodicity of the computer mouse movement events associated with a legitimate user of the electronic device; receiving an indication of computer mouse movement events from the electronic device during a browsing session of the web resource; comparing a periodicity of the computer mouse movement events with the statistical model; in response to detecting a deviation in computer mouse movement events, generating a notification determining a presence of a remote connection to the browsing session; transmitting the notification to an entity associated with the web resources.
Automatic tunnels routing loop attack defense
The present disclosure relates to systems, methods, and non-transitory computer readable storage medium for detecting a tunnel routing loop attack on a computer network. A method of the presently claimed invention receives a packet of data over an automatic tunnel. When the received packet includes an Internet protocol version 6 (IPv6) packet headers in the received packet may be extracted from the received packet. When an extracted header is a tunnel routing loop attack (TRLA) header, address information included in the TRLA header may be matched to a destination address that the IPv6 packet is about to be tunneled through. When the address information included in the TRLA header matches the destination address that the IPv6 packet is about to be tunneled through the IPv6 packet is dropped because the match indicates that that a loop is about to be formed.
System for across rail silo system integration and logic repository
Systems, computer program products, and methods are described herein for the creation of an exposure identification and distribution system for across silo channel integration. In this way, the system allows team integration of data across rails and silos for exposure identification. As such, the system generates a centralized repository for data and a communication linkage across the various systems used for identifying exposure and manipulated for linkage via a specific taxonomy overlay. Furthermore the system also includes logic that, when identification of a potential exposure indicate occurs, the system may communicate via distribution over the rails for integration and sharing for cross entity exposure identification.
Traffic feature information extraction method, traffic feature information extraction device, and traffic feature information extraction program
A traffic feature information extraction method including a regular expression process, a clustering process, and a feature information extraction process. The regular expression process extracts an item set in advance from a traffic log and represents a partial character string included in the item in a regular expression based on a predetermined rule. The clustering process clusters an entry of the traffic log represented in the regular expression. The feature information extraction process extracts, as traffic feature information of each of clusters, an entry having a minimum total sum of distances among entries included in the clustered traffic logs.
Apparatus, system and method for identifying and mitigating malicious network threats
Implementations of the present disclosure involve a system and/or method for identifying and mitigating malicious network threats. Network data associated is retrieved from various sources across a network and analyzed to identify a malicious network threat. When a threat is found, the system performs a mitigating action to neutralize the malicious network threat.
Method for protecting a vehicle network against manipulated data transmission
A method is provided for protecting a vehicle network of a vehicle against manipulated data transmission. The vehicle network includes multiple network nodes. At least one first network node in the vehicle network compares received messages with messages assigned to the first network node and detects the manipulated data transmission if one of the received messages coincides with a message assigned to the first network node, but the first network node did not send the message. At the same time, the first network node compares only selected messages of the received messages with the messages assigned to the first network node or compares the received messages only with selected messages assigned to the first network node.
Mechanisms for anomaly detection and access management
The present disclosure relates generally to threat detection, and more particularly, to techniques for managing user access to resources in an enterprise environment. Some aspects are directed to the concept of managing access to a target resource based on a threat perception of a user that is calculated using a rule or policy based risk for the user and a behavior based risk for the user. Other aspects are directed to preventing insider attacks in a system based on a threat perception for each user logged into the system that is calculated using a rule or policy based risk for each user and a behavior based risk for each user. Yet other aspects are directed to providing a consolidated view of users, applications being accessed by users, and the threat perception, if any, generated for each of the users.
Method, apparatus and computer program product for providing security via user clustering
There are disclosed herein a technique for use in security. In at least one embodiment, the technique comprises receiving information relating to users and performing an affinity propagation clustering operation in connection with the information to identify a cluster of similar users. Further, the technique determines a risk in connection with a user in the cluster by comparing the user to one or more other users in the cluster. Still further, based on the risk in connection with the user, the technique controls access by the user to a computerized resource.
Access permissions management system and method
A system for providing bi-directional visualization of authority of users over SACs in an enterprise-wide network, the system including functionality for providing user-wise visualization of the authority of a given user over at least one SAC in respect of which the user has authority, and functionality for providing SAC-wise visualization for a given SAC of the authority of at least one user over the given SAC.
Mobile device enabled tiered data exchange via a vehicle
A mobile device enabled tiered data exchange via a vehicle is disclosed. A mobile device can access profile information related to a tiered-data sharing profile. The tiered-data sharing profile can associate data with a sharing tier designating security, privacy, or authorization constraints on sharing the associated data. A sharing tier can further designate obfuscation of the data as a constraint on sharing the data. The mobile device can enable access to the data subject to the constraints of the tiered-data sharing profile. In an embodiment, tiered data can be shared from the mobile device to an external service device via vehicle device. In another embodiment, tiered data can be shared from the mobile device to a service device of the vehicle.
Cloud-based coordination of remote service appliances
Systems, and methods are provided to provide cloud-based coordination of customer premise service appliances. A system can include a cloud-based service platform, which includes a coordination server and a cloud-based service appliance, and an on-premise service appliance. The coordination server is configured to establish a service session, select a service appliance, and control a sequence of operations on the selected service appliance. Establishing the service session can include establishing a service session with a first client in response to a service request received from the first client, the first client associated with an account including a service policy. Selecting the service appliance can include selecting the cloud-based service appliance or the on-premise service appliance, based on the service policy, to handle the service request. Upon selection of the on-premise service appliance, the coordination server controls a sequence of operations performed by the on-premise service appliance to satisfy the service request.
Website login method and apparatus
The present application provides example website login methods and apparatuses. One example method includes identifying a website jump trigger indication to jump from a first website to a second website. A first token is then obtained from a cookie store of the web browser, the first token associated with a website identifier of the second website and a device fingerprint indicating a running environment at a time when the password-free proxy login was previously set. In response to determining that a current running environment corresponds to the device fingerprint, a second token corresponding to the first token is obtained, wherein the second token comprises an access token indicating that the second website grants password-free login permissions. A password-free login request is sent to the second website including the second token. In response to the second website verifying the second token, the second website is logged into without a password.
Method for associating an object with a user, device, object, and corresponding computer program product
A method for associating a communicating object with at least one user. A remote server receives a signal requesting an association between an user identifier and an object identifier. The server verifies an authorization for the association between the object identifier and the user identifier, including verification of whether or not there is pre-existing association of the object identifier with at least one other user identifier. If association is authorized, the object identifier is associated with the user identifier in a database which can be accessed by the remote server. The database includes at least one user identifier list and one object identifier list.
Crypto exchange friending
A system and method includes establishing a trusted relationship between a first user using a first user device to access a collaboration platform and a second user using a second user device to access the collaboration platform. The method includes receiving, by the collaboration platform, a request from the first user device to establish the trusted relationship with the second user of the collaboration platform. The method also includes transmitting a first authentication code to the first user device responsive to the request. The method includes receiving a second authentication code from the second user device. The method further includes authenticating the second user to establish the trusted relationship between the first user and the second user of the collaboration platform responsive to determining the second authentication code received from the second user device matches the first authentication code transmitted to the first user device.
System and techniques for trans-account device key transfer in benefit denial system
Techniques described herein are directed to a system and methods for enabling a transfer of access rights for an electronic device between users. In embodiments of the system, a first user (e.g., a transferor) may, upon determining that access rights should be granted to a second user (e.g., a transferee), generate a transaction record. The transaction record may then be provided to a registry network, which may verify a digital signature of the transaction record as well as a current ownership status. Upon verification, the transaction record may be written to an ownership registry and a mobile application server may be notified of the transaction. Once notified, the mobile application server may transmit a device key to a user device associated with the transferee. Once the device key has been received at the transferee user device, it may be used to issue commands to the electronic device.
Cryptographic datashare control for blockchain
A system includes circuitry for cryptographic data share controls for distributed ledger technology based data constructs. The system may support placement of compute data on to a distributed ledger technology based data construct. The compute data may have multiple layers of encryption to support permissions and coordination of processing operations for application to the compute data. The multiple layers of encryption may include a homomorphic layer to allow sharing of the compute data for processing by a compute party without divulging the content of the compute data with the compute party. While in the homomorphically encrypted form, the homomorphic compute data supports the application of processing operations while maintaining the secrecy of the underlying data.
Hierarchical clustering in a geographically dispersed network environment
An example method for facilitating hierarchical clustering in a geographically dispersed network environment is provided and includes receiving a packet at one of a plurality of adaptive security appliance (ASA) units in one of a plurality of ASA clusters in a cluster domain of a network environment, identifying the packet as matching an inter-data center live traffic profile, identifying a target ASA cluster in the plurality of ASA clusters in the cluster domain, querying a domain director in the target ASA cluster for a flow owner, and if the flow owner is identified by the domain director, forwarding the packet to the flow owner in the target cluster, and if the flow owner is not identified by the domain director, and the domain director includes a flow state for a flow to which the packet belongs, designating the ASA unit as the flow owner.
Timing management in a large firewall cluster
A firewall cluster comprises three or more firewall processing nodes, which report primary node status based on the reporting node's membership in a preexisting cluster. A controller uses the reported status to assign a primary node in the distributed firewall cluster. Reported primary node status includes reported primary node eligibility if the node is a member of a preexisting cluster, reported primary node status comprising reporting primary node ineligibility if the node is not a member of a preexisting cluster, reported primary node status if the node is a primary node in a preexisting cluster, and reported primary node eligibility in a node that has timed out.
System and method of persistent address resolution synchronization
A method and apparatus of a device that starts an address resolution service on a network element after a boot-up of this network element is described. In an exemplary embodiment, the network element sends an indication of the boot-up. The network element further sends a request for an address resolution table and receives a reply with the requested address resolution table. In addition, the network element starts the address resolution service using the requested address resolution table.
Interactive content in a messaging platform
A messaging platform forms an interactive message with one or more components and broadcasts the interactive message to client devices associated with accounts. The interactive message has a plurality of states that update based on event data received from a content source. While the event is in progress, the messaging platform receives event data relating to the event and transitions to an updated state based on the received event data. When the interactive message transitions to the updated state, the messaging platform updates the interactive message broadcast to the client devices. The interactive message may include interactive components that accounts may use to perform various interactions with the event, the content source, or each other.
Broadcast response prioritization and engagements
A computerized method comprising using at least one hardware processor for receiving a plurality of digital responses in response to a digital broadcast, each digital response associated with at least one of a plurality of computerized devices. The method comprises an action of calculating a plurality of priority scores, one each for some of the plurality of digital responses, and an action of selecting an ordered subset of the plurality of digital responses based on the plurality of priority scores. The method comprises an action of presenting to a user the ordered subset, and an action of receiving at least one digital counter-response for at least one of the plurality of digital response. The method comprises an action of sending the at least one digital counter-response to a respective one of the plurality of computerized devices associated with the respective digital response.
Method and device for managing communications activities
A method is disclosed for managing communication processes (N1-N4) between internal participants (A, B, C) of an internal communication network on the one hand and external participants (E) on the other hand. First a list is set up in an internal communication network that contains incoming and outgoing communication activities between the internal participants and at least one external participant as a virtual mailbox. This virtual mailbox is assigned to the at least one external participant and is set up to be invisible or inaccessible to the at least one external participant. Communications activity between an internal participant and the external participant are recognized as being associated with the external participant based upon identification that has been assigned to the external participant and can be obtained from the communication activity. Each communication activity that has been recognized as being associated with the external participant is deposited in the virtual mailbox.
Forwarding element data plane with computing parameter distributor
Some embodiments provide a network forwarding element with a data-plane forwarding circuit that has a parameter collecting circuit to store and distribute parameter values computed by several machines in a network. In some embodiments, the machines perform distributed computing operations, and the parameter values that compute are parameter values associated with the distributed computing operations. The parameter collecting circuit of the data-plane forwarding circuit (data plane) in some embodiments (1) stores a set of parameter values computed and sent by a first set of machines, and (2) distributes the collected parameter values to a second set of machines once it has collected the set of parameter values from all the machines in the first set. The first and second sets of machines are the same set of machines in some embodiments, while they are different sets of machines (e.g., one set has at least one machine that is not in the other set) in other embodiments. In some embodiments, the parameter collecting circuit performs computations on the parameter values that it collects and distributes the result of the computations once it has processed all the parameter values distributed by the first set of machines. The computations are aggregating operations (e.g., adding, averaging, etc.) that combine corresponding subset of parameter values distributed by the first set of machines.
Distributed policy enforcement with optimizing policy transformations
A policy is incorporated into a first set of policies at least in part by generating a second set of policies corresponding to the policy. An index of the first set of policies is generated based at least in part on a policy element of a normal form. Based at least in part on the index, a subset of the first set of policies that is relevant to at least one of a plurality of policy enforcement components is identified and provided to at least one of the plurality of policy enforcement components of a virtual resource provider identified as relevant. A request subject to the policy is received, and the policy is enforced at least in part by evaluating the request with respect to the subset of the first set of policies.
Allocating and accessing hosting server resources via continuous resource availability updates
Systems and methods are provided for dynamically allocating and accessing hosting server resources to users of hosting services. The system may include one or more servers that provide multiple levels of access to the hosting server resources, and an administration server configured with one or more migration paths that allow the user to migrate the account between two levels while the account remains accessible to all entities authorized to access the account. The hosting server resources may be divided according to virtual partitions that are resizable by the administration server. The system may include a migration interface stored on and accessible to the user from the administration server. The migration interface provides the user with options to migrate the account between the levels of access. The system may include an application programming interface that provides access to the administration server for changing the account's level of access.
System and method for maximizing resource credits across shared infrastructure
A computer-implemented method of adjusting a resource credit configuration for cloud resources that includes collecting a resource credit inventory and attributing metadata related to resources from one or more cloud resources. An expected resource demand is determined. A plurality of resource credit configurations is determined that matches the determined expected resource demand. An improved resource credit benefit based on the resource credit inventory and on the plurality of credit configurations is determined that matches the determined expected resource demand. A modified attribute metadata based on the determined improved resource credit benefit is then determined.
Network locality-based throttling for automated resource migration
A distributed system may implement network locality-based throttling for automatic resource migration. Utilization of a distributed system that includes multiple resources at multiple resource hosts may be monitored. New migration operations to migrate a resource in the distributed system may be evaluated with respect a migration operation limit for one or more network localities of the distributed system. If the migration operation limit for the one or more network localities is exceeded, then the new migration operations may be throttled. Different network localities may have different migration operation limits.
Completion-side client throttling
A computing device comprises a processor and memory. A throttling application stored in the memory that is executed by the processor is configured, in response to a new server request from a first application, to determine whether performing the new server request exceeds a predetermined number of requests in progress; if performing the new server request does not exceed a predetermined number of requests in progress, estimate a completion time for the new server request; insert the new server request and the completion time in a request queue; and send the new server request and a time to live field to a server, wherein the time to live field is equal to the completion time minus a current time that the new server request is sent to the server.
Allocating bandwidth between bandwidth zones according to user load
A bandwidth management system includes a plurality of queues respectively corresponding to a plurality of zones. An enqueuing module receives network traffic from one or more incoming network interfaces, determines a belonging zone to which the network traffic belongs, and enqueues the network traffic on a queue corresponding to the belonging zone. A dequeuing module selectively dequeues data from the queues and passes the data to one or more outgoing network interfaces. When dequeuing data from the queues the dequeuing module dequeues an amount of data from a selected queue, and the amount of data dequeued from the selected queue is determined according to user load of a zone to which the selected queue corresponds.
Multi-dimensional event engine for use in cloud environment with highly available network topology
Systems and methods including one or more processing modules and one or more non-transitory storage modules storing computing instructions configured to run on the one or more processing modules and perform acts of: initiating a cluster of controller instances in a cloud environment for executing a multi-dimensional event engine; and configuring the cluster of controller instances in a topology that provides availability and redundancy for the multi-dimensional event engine. An active controller instance is configured to: detect a current level of network traffic; receive the messages from an order management system; select a transmission rate for sending the messages to the fulfillment centers based on the current level of the network traffic; transmit the messages to the one or more fulfillment centers in accordance with the transmission rate; and dynamically adjust the transmission rate in response to detecting changes in the network traffic.
TCP proxy using a communication distance indicator
It is provided a method for controlling traffic between a mobile communication terminal (2) and a plurality of hosts (15a-15c), the method being performed in a TCP, Transport Control Protocol, proxy (10) of a cellular network, the TCP proxy comprising a radio side (11) towards the mobile communication terminal, and a network side (12) towards the plurality of hosts. The method comprises the steps of: obtaining a communication distance indicator for each TCP connection between the TCP proxy (10) and each one of the hosts (15a-15c); detecting a constrained traffic situation on the radio side (11) for traffic towards the mobile communication terminal; and reducing incoming traffic on the network side (12) based on the respective communication distance indicators, such that traffic is reduced relatively more for a TCP connection with a large communication distance indicator compared to a TCP connection with a small communication distance indicator.
Runtime sharing of unit memories between match tables in a network forwarding element
A method of sharing unit memories between two match tables in a data plane packet processing pipeline of a physical forwarding element is provided. The method, from a plurality of available unit memories of the packet processing pipeline, allocates a first set of unit memories to the first match table and a second set of unit memories to the second match table. The method determines that the first set of unit memories is filled to a threshold capacity after storing a plurality of entries in the first set of unit memories. The method de-allocates a first unit memory from the second match table by moving contents of the first unit memory to a second unit memory in the second set of unit memories. The method allocates the first unit memory to the first match table.
Spanning tree protocol bridge-based link selection system
An STP link selection system includes a first and second designated switch devices providing different paths to a root switch device. A non-designated switch device receives a first communication from the first designated switch device identifying a first root path cost for a first link to the first designated switch device and a first designated switch device identifier, and designates the first link as an active link for communications to the root switch device. The non-designated switch device subsequently receives a second communication from the second designated switch device identifying a second root path cost for a second link to the second designated switch device that is equal to the first root path cost, and a second designated switch device identifier that is lower than the first designated switch device identifier. In response, the non-designated switch device designates the second link as a non-active link upon which communications are blocked.
Routing data through distributed communications network
Embodiments of the present disclosure relate to routing data through a distributed communications network (DCN) including several communication devices. Each communication device may include or be in communication with a computing device which causes the communication device to perform actions including: calculate a utility score for a subset of the plurality of communication devices, the utility score quantifying transmissibility of a data packet from the transceiver assembly to another communication device. The utility score may be calculated based on: a distance between the transceiver assembly and the communication device, a transmission queue at the transceiver assembly, a remaining life of the power source, a power consumption to transmit the data packet to the communication device, and a data throughput of the communication device. The computing device may generate instructions to transmit the data packet to at least one communication device in the subset, based on the calculated utility score.
Mechanism to detect data plane loops in an openflow network
A method is implemented by a network device functioning as a switch in a software defined networking (SDN) network to detect data plane loops in the SDN network. The method includes receiving a packet, setting a value of a packet register associated with the packet to an initial loop count value, performing an arithmetic operation on the packet register to update the value of the packet register to an updated loop count value when the packet is to be resubmitted to a current flow table or a previous flow table of a packet processing pipeline of the switch, and determining that the packet is in a data plane loop in response to a determination that the updated loop count value is an invalid value.
Technique for selecting a path computation element based on response time delay
A technique efficiently selects a path computation element (PCE) to compute a path between nodes of a computer network. The PCE selection technique is illustratively based on dynamic advertisements of the PCE's available path computation resources, namely a predictive response time (PRT). To that end, the novel technique enables one or more PCEs to dynamically send (advertise) their available path computation resources to one or more path computation clients (PCCs). In addition, the technique enables the PCC to efficiently select a PCE (or set of PCEs) to service a path computation request based upon those available resources.
Packet transmission method and apparatus
This application discloses a packet transmission method and apparatus, to help trace a source router generating a routing information update packet, so as to improve network maintenance efficiency and shorten failure duration. The method includes: generating, by a first router, a first routing information update packet; generating, by the first router, a first source-tracing packet, where the first source-tracing packet is used to indicate that the first router is a source router generating the first routing information update packet; and determining, by the first router, that a second router adjacent to the first router has a source-tracing capability, and sending the first source-tracing packet to the second router.
Virtualized intelligent and integrated network monitoring as a service
Concepts and technologies for providing virtualized network monitoring as a service are provided. In an embodiment, a method can include providing, by a processor of a computer system within a service host network, a network monitoring portal to a user equipment associated with a private network. The method also can include receiving, from the user equipment via the network monitoring portal, access credentials that enable access to the private network. The method can include receiving a selection of a plurality of network monitoring service modules for monitoring the private network, and instantiating a plurality of virtual network monitoring probes that each correspond to at least one of the plurality of network monitoring service modules selected. The method can include injecting the plurality of virtual network monitoring probes within the private network, where the virtual network monitoring probes are activated in response to being injected within the private network.
Dynamic service provisioning system and method
A dynamic provisioning system includes a computer-executed portal that controls a router to, when a request message is received over a broadcast virtual local area network (VLAN), control the router to establish a dedicated VLAN between the customer communication device and the portal over a dedicated VLAN. The dedicated connection directing communication traffic from the customer computing device to the portal while inhibiting other communication traffic from the customer computing device. The portal also generates a user interface at the customer computing device using the dedicated connection in which the user interface to receive unique identifying information from the customer computing device. The portal also authenticates the customer computing device using the unique identifying information such that, when the customer computing device has been authenticated, receives selection of a communication service from the customer computing device, and establishes the selected communication service for the customer computing device.
Protection switching systems and methods in a packet network based on signal degrade
Systems and methods of protection switching in a packet network based on signal/service degrade includes monitoring a packet network connection; determining performance of the packet network connection based on the monitoring; detecting the packet network connection has a signal/service degrade based on the determined performance, wherein the signal/service degrade is a condition where the packet network connection is operational, but the performance is experiencing a degradation; and, responsive to detection of the signal/service degrade, performing one or more of notifying nodes in the packet network and performing a protection switch at the packet layer based on the signal/service degrade. The performance can be a delay measurement. The delay measurement can be utilized to determine Frame Delay (FD), Frame Delay Range (FDR), and Inter-Frame Delay Variation (IFDV), and the degradation is when one or more of FD, FDR, and IFDV exceeds a threshold in a window.
Edge computing system for monitoring and maintaining data center operations
A system for implementing edge computing and smart sensors at a data center is provided. The system may monitor behavior changes and collect data about servers within the data center. The system may make changes based on the collected data. The system may use simple network management protocol (“SNMP”) to recover data and trace data at relatively rapid speeds. The system may be able to identify duplicate data records, copy the duplicate data records and eliminate the need to access a disaster recovery center. The system may also detect when a server is exceeding or nearly exceeding resource utilization. When a server is determined to be nearing a resource threshold, the server may transmit an alert and/or automatically place an order to upgrade resources. In some embodiments, the system may monitor multiple data centers. In these embodiments, each data center may be considered to be a server.
Inferring radio type from clustering algorithms
Described embodiments provide systems and methods for inferring a network type and network conditions. The system includes a packet capturing engine configured to capture a plurality of network packets from a plurality of TCP network connections. The system includes a packet analyzer configured to analyze the plurality of network packets to generate a plurality of metrics. The system includes a network classifier configured to infer network types of the plurality of TCP connections based on the plurality of metrics and at least one classification model. The system also includes a conditions ranking engine configured to estimate a level of network congestion for each TCP connection based on the plurality of metrics and the network types.
Underlay network formation
In one embodiment, a supervisory device designates a particular networking device among a set of networking devices as a seed device and one or more interfaces of the seed device as discovery interfaces. The supervisory device coordinates, starting from the one or more discovery interfaces of the seed device, discovery of a Layer 2 topology of the set of networking devices, by designating one or more interfaces of a discovered networking device as discovery interfaces. The supervisory device converts, starting from at least one of the network devices farthest from the seed device in the Layer 2 topology and ending with the seed device, links of the Layer 2 topology into Layer 3 links, to form an underlay network.
Methods systems, and apparatuses for implementing upstream power control for DSL
In accordance with embodiments disclosed herein, there are provided apparatuses, systems and methods for implementing upstream power control for DSL communications. For example, such a system may include means for: dividing a plurality of DSL lines into a first group of DSL lines and a second group of DSL lines based on characteristics common to each of the DSL lines within the respective first and second groups; determining attainable upstream data rates for the first and second groups of DSL lines according to the characteristics of each group; selecting upstream power control parameters to apply to each of the first and second groups of DSL lines based on the attainable upstream data rates determined; and instructing the DSL lines of the first and second groups to adopt the selected upstream power control parameters. Other related embodiments are disclosed.
Hybrid transport—application network fabric apparatus
A hybrid routing-application network fabric apparatus is presented where a fabric apparatus has multiple apparatus components or resources that can be dedicated to one or more application topologies. The apparatus can receive a topology image definition file describing an application topology and the apparatus can dedicate its local components for use with the application topology. The apparatus can dedicate general purpose processing cores, dedicated routing cores, data channels, networking ports, memory or other local resources to the application topology. Contemplated application topologies include routing topologies, computation topologies, database topologies, storage topologies, or other types of application topologies. Furthermore, application topologies can be optimized by modeling or simulating the topologies on a network fabric.
Method for configuring dual-connectivity by terminal, and apparatus therefor
Provided are a method and apparatus for configuring dual-connectivity by a terminal, The method may include: performing configuration by adding a secondary base station signaling radio bearer (SRB); receiving a radio resource control (RRC) message including radio resource configuration information associated with a secondary base station or a secondary cell group through the secondary base station SRB; and transmitting a failure information message to a master base station when it is not possible to comply with the radio resource configuration information included in the RRC message.
Data recovery from sub-carriers
The data recovery from sub-carriers (DRSC) of a received OFDM signal, contributes a method and a circuit for utilizing parameters of OFDM sub-carriers comprised in the received OFDM signal or subspaces comprising the OFDM sub-carriers for recovering transmitted data symbols from the received OFDM signal affected by deterministic and random distortions introduced by a transmission link.
Communication method and apparatus
Embodiments of this application provide a communication method and an apparatus. A correspondence between a plurality of MCS indexes and a plurality of modulation schemes is provided to achieve flexible selection of a modulation scheme. In the correspondence, at least one MCS index of the plurality of MCS indexes corresponds to a set modulation schemes which comprises π/2 binary phase shift keying (π/2-BPSK) modulation and quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) modulation. A first communication device receives a target modulation and coding scheme (MCS) index from a second communication device, determines a target modulation scheme corresponding to the target index number based on the correspondence, and performs communication with the second communication device based on the target modulation scheme.
System information block enhancement for low complexity user equipment and/or user equipment in coverage enhancement mode
Various communication systems may benefit from efficient communication of system information. For example, certain wireless communication systems may benefit from system information block enhancement for low complexity user equipment and/or user equipment in coverage enhancement mode. A method can include decoding a transport block size (TBS) index in a compact downlink control information. The method can also include monitoring for SIB based on the decoded TBS index. The method may optionally include monitoring for the SIB based on a predefined transmission pattern of physical downlink control channel for machine type communication. The method may also optionally include decoding of M-SI messages from a subframe according to a pattern indicated by an information element in M-SIB1.
Devices, systems and methods for narrow band communications within protocol having frequency multiplexing
According to embodiments, methods, devices and systems can include generating packet data for a narrow band packet. Transmitting first preamble data across a first channel followed by the narrow band packet with a second preamble across at least one resource unit (RU). The RU can have a smaller bandwidth than the first channel and occupy a portion of the first channel. The first preamble can be configured to enable detection of a packet transmitted in the first channel, and the second preamble is configured to enable detection of a packet transmitted in the RU without the first preamble.
Feed forward equalizer with power-optimized distributed arithmetic architecture and method
A distributed arithmetic feed forward equalizer (DAFFE) and method. The DAFFE includes look-up tables (LUTs) in offset binary format. A DA LUT stores sum of partial products values and an adjustment LUT stores adjustment values. DA LUT addresses are formed from same-position bits from all but the most significant bits (MSBs) of a set of digital words of taps and an adjustment LUT address is formed using the MSBs. Sum of partial products values and an adjustment value are acquired from the DA LUT and the adjustment LUT using the DA LUT addresses and the adjustment LUT address, respectively. Reduced complexity downstream adder(s) (which result in reduced power consumption) compute a total sum of the sum of partial products values and the adjustment value (which compensates for using the offset binary format and dropping of the MSBs when forming the DA LUT addresses) to correctly solve a DA equation.
Apparatus and method for high-speed ethernet over star quad media
An Ethernet link is disclosed. The link includes a first Ethernet transceiver and a second Ethernet transceiver configured as a link partner to the first Ethernet transceiver. A shielded twisted quad (STQ) cable is interposed between the first Ethernet transceiver and the second Ethernet transceiver. The STQ cable includes four conductors, each conductor having a first end interfaced with a corresponding input/output (I/O) circuit of the first Ethernet transceiver in a single-ended configuration, and a second end interfaced with a corresponding input/output (I/O) circuit of the second Ethernet transceiver in a single-ended configuration.
Optimizing connectivity between data centers in a hybrid cloud computing system
Connectivity between data centers in a hybrid cloud system having a first data center managed by a first organization and a second data center managed by a second organization, the first organization being a tenant in the second data center, is optimized. According to the described technique, a path-optimized connection is established through a wide area network (WAN) between a first gateway of a first data center and a second gateway of a second data center for an application executing in the first data center based on performance of paths across a set of Internet Protocol (IP) flows. Application packets received from the application at the first gateway are forwarded to a WAN optimization appliance in the first data center. WAN optimized application packets received from the WAN optimization appliance at the first gateway are then sent to the second gateway over the path-optimized connection.
High-speed CAN communication system using passband modulation
Disclosed is a high-speed controller area network (CAN) communication system, which is compatible with a CAN communication system, using passband modulation. The system includes: a high-speed CAN controller configured to provide a standard CAN transmission bit stream and a high-speed CAN transmission bit stream; and a high-speed CAN transmitter configured to synthesize a passband CAN signal obtained by modulating the high-speed CAN transmission bit stream in a passband and a standard CAN signal based on the standard CAN transmission bit stream and to transmit it to a CAN bus.
Method and device for event notification in home network system
The present invention separately includes a push server which enables a notification message regarding occurrence of an event to be received even though a smart home application is turned off in a mobile terminal. The present invention receives a notification message using the push server, and resource information corresponding to an event of a home device is included in the notification message which is transmitted from the push server to the mobile terminal.
Balanced conformity in chat conversations
Methods and systems for balanced conformity in chat conversations are disclosed. A method includes: collecting, by a computing device, data from an ongoing group chat; determining, by the computing device, a baseline tone for a plurality of participants in the ongoing group chat using the collected data; determining, by the computing device, a current tone for the plurality of participants in the ongoing group chat using the collected data; determining, by the computing device, a conformity risk score using the baseline tone and the current tone for the plurality of participants in the ongoing group chat; and in response to determining that the conformity risk score exceeds a first predetermined threshold, the computing device automatically inviting an additional participant to join the ongoing group chat.
Providing a private mode in asynchronous collaboration for a synchronous collaboration environment
Groupware features are described that support asynchronous collaboration for a synchronous collaboration environment. During a synchronous collaboration session, a document is displayed at a user's computing device. As changes to the document are received at the user's computing device, a change list is updated and the modified document is displayed. Any changes from the user are broadcast to other participants. For asynchronous collaboration during the session, a user-specific fork is created in the change list to contain private changes for the user. For each private change from the user, the groupware updates the change list in the user-specific fork with the private change, which is not broadcast to the other participants for reconciliation.
Key-attestation-contingent certificate issuance
The present invention provides for streamlined issuance of certificates and other tokens that are contingent on key attestation of keys from a trusted platform module within a computing platform. Various methods are described for wrapping the requested token in a secret, such as an AES key, that is encrypted to a TPM based key in a key challenge. If the requesting platform fails the key challenge, the encrypted certificate or token cannot be decrypted. If requesting platform passes the challenge, the encrypted certificate or token can be decrypted using the AES key recovered from the key challenge.
Detection of anomalous key material
In representative embodiments, architectures to improve security through use of an anomaly score are disclosed. A set of cryptographic key material is used to create a model based on a dimensionality reduction and a density estimation that captures the expected behavior of the set of cryptographic key material. An anomaly score for presented cryptographic key material is calculated based on the model. The anomaly score represents the divergence from expectations for the presented cryptographic key material. The anomaly score can be used by a relying system to determine whether to trust the presented cryptographic key material. In this way, cryptographic key material that is valid can be tested to determine whether the cryptographic key material should be trusted even though it is valid.
Method and system for efficient distribution of configuration data utilizing permissioned blockchain technology
A method for propagating configuration data using a blockchain includes: storing a blockchain comprised of a plurality of blocks, each being comprised of a block header having a timestamp and one or more configuration transactions; receiving one or more configuration data items; generating a new configuration transaction for each configuration data item; hashing a most recent block identified based on the timestamp included in the respective block header to generate a previous block hash value; hashing a combination of the new configuration transactions and/or data associated therewith to generate a current block hash value; generating a new block header, the new block header including a current timestamp, the previous block hash value, the current block hash value, and a digital signature; generating a new block comprised of the new block header and each new configuration transaction; and updating the blockchain by appending the new block.
Method for voice assistant, location tagging, multi-media capture, transmission, speech to text conversion, photo/video image/object recognition, creation of searchable metatags/contextual tags, storage and search retrieval
This invention relates to a network interface device. A first capture device interfaces with a first external information source to capture first external information. A processor processes the captured first external information and stores it in a first media. The processor initiates the storage of the first captured information at an initial time and completes storage of the first captured information at a completion time, thus providing a stored defined set of first captured information. A transmitter transmits the defined set of stored captured information to a remote location on a network. A remote processing system is disposed at the remote node on the network and includes a database and a receiver for receiving the transmitted defined set of first captured information. A data converter is operable to convert the received defined set of first captured information to a second format. The database stores the set of converted captured information.
Domain name blockchain user addresses
Techniques for DNS registry facilitated assignment of a DNS domain name registered to a registrant as a blockchain user address in a blockchain network are presented. The techniques can include providing, by a DNS registry, a public key and a computer executable registry signature verification program configured to use the public key to validate signatures made using the private key for addition to a block in a blockchain of the blockchain network. The techniques can also include receiving a request for a proof of registrar of record, and providing a proof of registration message, such that the registry signature verification program validates the signature using the public key, and the blockchain network receives and stores in the blockchain an association between the domain name and an existing blockchain user address for the registrant.
Key processing method and device
An attack on an RSA encryption algorithm based on simple power analysis (SPA) is thwarted by scrambling the sliding window sequence that results from performing sliding window processing on a power exponent. The sliding window sequence is scrambled with a random code that is utilized to determine an adjustment tendency and an adjustment length.
Methods and apparatus for synchronization of communication devices operating in half duplex mode
Methods and apparatus disclosed herein enable a half-duplex, HD, wireless communication device, WCD (16), to remain synchronized to a supporting communication network (10), during uplink transmissions that use a large repetition factor, also referred to a using a large bundle size. For example, the WCD (16) uses a rule whereby the WCD (16) tunes back to the downlink carrier from time to time while making an uplink transmission that uses a large repetition factor. Re-tuning to the downlink carrier from time to time in this manner allows the WCD (16) to correct and maintain its time and frequency synchronization with respect to the network (10).
Encryption management in carrier aggregation
According to an example aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a memory configured to store information and at least one processing core configured to cause the information to be transmitted toward a user equipment in a downlink direction, partly via a cellular carrier and partly via a non-cellular carrier, the cellular and non-cellular carriers being together in a carrier aggregation, determine a handover of the cellular carrier is likely, wherein the handover does not change an access point providing the non-cellular carrier, and responsive to the determination, disable a ciphering of the part of the information conveyed toward the user equipment via the non-cellular carrier.
Method and apparatus for implementing data transmission
In certain embodiments, a method includes generating a first signal and a second signal. The first signal includes at least one first sub-signal, and the second signal includes at least one second sub-signal. A subcarrier frequency spacing of the first sub-signal is M times as large as a subcarrier frequency spacing of the second sub-signal. The method further includes separately sending each first sub-signal and each second sub-signal. In a range of a first preset frequency apart from a reference subcarrier frequency, all the second sub-signals sent on a subcarrier corresponding to a subcarrier frequency whose difference from the reference subcarrier frequency is a non-integer multiple of the subcarrier frequency spacing of the first signal are zero signals. The reference subcarrier frequency is a subcarrier frequency of the first sub-signal adjacent to the second signal in a frequency domain.
Method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving radio signals in a wireless communication system
The present invention relates to a wireless communication system, and more particularly, to a method and apparatus for receiving information on a number N of a code block group defined for one transport block from a base station through an upper layer signal, receiving a first transport block including a plurality of code blocks from the base station through a physical layer channel, and transmitting HARQ-ACK payload including HARQ-ACK information on the first transport block to the base station. Preferably, a code block-based CRC is attached to each of the code blocks, a transport block-based CRC is attached to the first transport block, and the HARQ-ACK payload includes a plurality of HARQ-ACK bits corresponding to M code block groups for the first transport block.
Downlink control and retransmission indicator channel for relaxing ACK processing time constraints
Systems and methods are disclosed for minimizing latency between receipt of a NACK at a base station from a user equipment (UE) and retransmission of data to the UE. Time constraints for processing the ACK/NACK are relaxed so the base station can decode the ACK/NACK to determine whether a NACK has been received and then prepare for transmission of the appropriate data to the UE in the immediately following transmission time interval (TTI). These constraints are relaxed by separating download data indicator (DDI) from the PDCCH control data and delaying transmission of the DDI until decoding of the ACK/NACK.
Uplink reference signal transmission method and apparatus
The present application discloses an uplink reference signal transmission method and apparatus. The method includes: determining, by a terminal, a time domain resource sending position of an uplink reference signal, where there is a guard interval at a first end of the uplink reference signal; and after arriving at the time domain resource sending position, switching, in a first sequence, transmit beams in different time slices in M time slices at a first time interval corresponding to the uplink reference signal, to transmit the uplink reference signal, and switching, in a second sequence, transmit beams in different time slices in the M time slices at a second time interval corresponding to the uplink reference signal, to transmit the uplink reference signal, where the uplink reference signal includes uplink reference signals transmitted in the M different time slices.
System and method for an adaptive frame structure with filtered OFDM
Different filtered-orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (f-OFDM) frame formats may be used to achieve the spectrum flexibility. F-OFDM waveforms are generated by applying a pulse shaping digital filter to an orthogonal frequency division multiplexed (OFDM) signal. Different frame formats may be used to carry different traffic types as well as to adapt to characteristics of the channel, transmitter, receiver, or serving cell. The different frame formats may utilize different sub-carrier (SC) spacings and/or cyclic prefix (CP) lengths. In some embodiments, the different frame formats also utilize different symbol durations and/or transmission time interval (TTI) lengths.
Methods to schedule multiple users for reference signal transmissions in millimeter wave systems
Methods, systems, and devices for wireless communication are described. A user equipment (UE) may identify a first set of transmit beams and an associated first set of receive beams having a channel characteristic that is below a first threshold. The UE may identify, for each receive beam in the first set of receive beams, a transmit beam in a second set of transmit beams having a channel characteristic above a second threshold. The UE may identify a relative channel characteristic value between each transmit beam in the first set of transmit beams and each transmit beam in the second set of transmit beams. The UE may transmit a message that identifies the beams in the first and second set of transmit beams, the identified receive beam from the first set of receive beams for each beam in the first set of transmit beams, and the relative channel characteristic value.
Method and system for an optoelectronic built-in self-test system for silicon photonics optical transceivers
Methods and systems for an optoelectronic built-in self-test (BIST) system for silicon photonics optical transceivers may include an optoelectronic transceiver having a transmit (Tx) path and a receive (Rx) path, where the Rx path includes a main Rx path and a BIST loopback path. The system may generate a pseudo-random bit sequence (PRBS) signal, generate an optical signal in the Tx path by applying the PRBS signal to a modulator, communicate the optical signal to the BIST loopback path and convert the optical signal to an electrical signal utilizing a photodetector, where the photodetector is a replica of a photodetector in the main Rx path, and assess the performance of the Tx and Rx paths by extracting a PRBS signal from the electrical signal. The transceiver may be on a single complementary-metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) die, or on two CMOS die where a first comprises electronic devices and a second comprises optical devices.
Detection and remediation of non-responsive customer premises equipment
In a cable network, embodiments detect and remediate a non-responsive customer premise equipment (CPE) device in a customer's premise with minimal or no interaction with a customer. Embodiments may detect and remediate a non-responsive CPE device without rebooting the non-responsive CPE device or the associated cable modem. Embodiments include troubleshooting a data link layer (e.g., Open System Interconnection (OSI) layer 2, or media access control (MAC) layer) and a network layer (e.g., OSI layer 3, or Internet layer) between a service operator network and the non-responsive CPE device. Embodiments include a guided integration and a proactive integration method, computer program product, and system to reduce and/or eliminate the need for a customer service representative to reboot a cable modem, and/or for a customer to reboot a non-responsive CPE device resulting in a fast and less disruptive service experience for the customer.
Techniques for a hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) mechanism with polar codes
The present disclosure describes a method, an apparatus, and a computer readable medium for hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) transmissions. For example, the method may include generating a first codeword for a first information block, wherein the first codeword is a first polar code, and wherein the first information block includes cyclic redundancy check (CRC) bits; transmitting the first codeword to a receiver; determining that the first polar code is not successfully decoded at the receiver based at least on a first message received from the receiver; generating a second codeword for a second information block, wherein the second codeword is a first enhanced polar code, and wherein the second information block does not include any CRC bits; transmitting the second codeword to the receiver; and determining that the second codeword and the first codeword are successfully decoded at the receiver based at least on a second message received from the receiver.
Radio vehicle-to-anything negative acknowledgement based multicast
Methods, systems, and devices for wireless communication are described. One method for wireless communication at a first device includes receiving a multicast packet from a second device, decoding control header information in the received multicast packet, determining that a decoding procedure associated with a payload of the received multicast packet is unsuccessful and transmitting a negative acknowledgement (NACK) based at least in part on the determining. The method also includes retrieving a list of transmitter identifiers. In some cases, transmitting the NACK is based at least in part on the list of transmitter identifiers. The method further includes determining a transmitter identifier associated with the multicast packet and determining that the transmitter identifier is present in the list of transmitter identifiers.
Error recovery method and device for same using multichannel in wireless communication system
In the present application, a method is disclosed for receiving data from a base station by means of a terminal in a wireless communication system. In particular, the method comprises the steps of: receiving the data from the base station through a multicast channel; when decoding of the data is unsuccessful, transmitting a retransmission request signal for the data to the base station; and receiving a retransmission of the data from the base station through a unicast channel, wherein the data received through the multicast channel and the data received through the unicast channel are characterized by including the same transport block having mutually different and dissimilar RVs (Redundancy Versions).
Electronic device, radio communication apparatus, and radio communication method
The disclosure relates to an electronic device, radio communication apparatus, and radio communication method. In one embodiment, an electronic device utilized at base station side comprises a processing circuit configured to: acquire information of an arrival time difference of diversity signals transmitted from two or more base stations to a mobile terminal; determine, on the basis of the information, a precoding matrix utilized in diversity signal transmission to reduce an impact of the arrival time difference on a diversity gain; and utilize the determined precoding matrix to perform precoding on a signal to be transmitted.
A super-frame for transmission in an optical communications system comprises two or more data frames and a parity frame. All frames in the super-frame have been encoded in accordance with a first Forward Error Correction (FEC) scheme. The parity frame is computed over the two or more data frames (prior to or concurrently with or after encoding via the first FEC scheme) according to a second FEC scheme. At a receiver, the super-frame is decoded in accordance with the first FEC scheme to generate a set of FEC decoded frames in which residual errors are clustered, that is, are non-Poisson. The second FEC scheme, which is particularly suited or designed to correct the clustered non-Poisson residual errors, is used to correct the residual errors.
Wireless device, a network node and methods therein for enabling and performing an uplink control channel transmission
A method performed by a wireless device for performing an uplink control channel transmission in a serving cell in a wireless communications network is provided. The wireless device is configured with a set of serving cell(s) in the wireless communications network. First, the wireless device determines a number of serving cells of the set of serving cell(s) that are relevant to consider when performing the uplink control channel transmission in the serving cell. Secondly, the wireless device selects an uplink control channel format from a set of uplink control channel formats for uplink control channel transmissions based on the determined number of serving cells. Then, the wireless device performs the uplink control channel transmission in the serving cell using the selected uplink control channel format. A wireless device for performing an uplink control channel transmission in a serving cell in a wireless communications network is also provided.
Error reporting in multi-carrier signal communication
In a communication device, a multi-carrier signal with at least one group of signal carriers is received from a communication connection. For each of the signal carriers, at least one individual error value is evaluated or generated. From the individual error values, a combined error value is evaluated or generated. The combined error value is transmitted on a backchannel of the communication connection.
Time stamp replication within a wireless network using error calculation
Time stamp replication within wireless networks is described. In an embodiment, a wireless station receives an input time stamp and uses this input time stamp to generate an output time stamp. The wireless station transmits the output time stamp to wireless stations in one of a number of groups which make up the wireless network. The output time stamp is generated to compensate for delays between receiving the input time stamp and transmitting the output time stamp such that output time stamp which is transmitted at a time T corresponds to the value that the input time stamp would have had if it had been received at time T (and not at a time earlier than T). This may, therefore, reduce or eliminate independent time stamp errors and jitter caused by multiple disparate systems and processes.
Signal strength based printings
Example implementations relate to signal strength based printings. In an example, signal strength based printings can employ a personal computing device including a network adapter coupled to a computer network, an antenna to receive a wireless signal from a mobile electronic device, a processor to compare a signal strength indication (RSSI) value of the received wireless signal to a RSSI threshold value, and send, via the network adapter, a printable file to a printer based on the comparison of the RSSI value to the RSSI threshold value.
Method of detecting a direction of arrival of at least one interference signal and system to carry out said method
A method of detecting a direction of arrival of at least one interference signal interfering a wanted signal in a plurality of received signals involves receiving, by a number of antennas of an antenna array, a number of signals, identifying an interference signal in the received signals, applying a beam forming signal processing technique to the identified interference signal, and detecting the direction of arrival from the results of the beam forming signal processing.
System and method of de-skewing electrical signals
A method and apparatus of a device that determines transmit and receive skew times between pairs of lanes of an electrical interface of a network element is described. In an exemplary embodiment, the device couple an optical loopback to transmit and receive interfaces of an optical interface, the optical loopback capable of transporting a first optical signal with a plurality of polarization and quadrature combinations. In addition, the device determines the receive skew time by transmitting a second optical signal on the optical loopback with one of the plurality of polarization and quadrature combinations. Furthermore, the device determines the transmit skew time by, tuning transmission delays on the transmit interface for a third optical signal with components corresponding to a pair of the plurality of polarization and quadrature combinations such that the third optical signal is recoverable on the receive interface.
Transmission apparatus, reception apparatus, and method for estimating characteristics of transmission line
There is provided a transmission apparatus including a transmitter configured to modulate a signal to a first signal having a first wavelength and a signal to a second signal having a second wavelength, and transmit the first signal and the second signal to a transmission line so that the second signal is varied in accordance with variation in an amount of cross phase modulation of the first signal passing through each position on the transmission line, and a signal processor configured to include at least one of a logic device and a processor, and configured to add an amount of chromatic dispersion at which a remaining amount of chromatic dispersion of the first wavelength at a certain position on the transmission line is equal to zero to the first wavelength in the transmission of the first signal and the second signal.
Range extension in wireless local area networks
A method for receiving data, by an end-STA from a root AP, may comprise receiving, from a relay AP, a first beacon frame comprising a relay information element. The relay information element may include a field which indicates whether a root AP BSSID field indicating a BSSID of the root AP is included in the beacon frame. The end-STA may transmit an association request to the relay AP and may receive an association response from the relay AP if the relay AP is allowed by the root AP to associate with the end-STA. The end-STA may receive, from the relay AP, traffic indication map (TIM) indications, of which at least one of the TIM indications may be for the end-STA. The one of the TIM indications may indicate that the data is available for the end-STA. The end-STA may then receive the data from the relay AP.
Spatial multiplexing of a sounding reference signal (SRS) and a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) communication
Various aspects of the present disclosure generally relate to wireless communication. In some aspects, a user equipment (UE) may receive a configuration that indicates whether the UE is to spatially multiplex multiple uplink transmissions, wherein the multiple uplink transmissions are a sounding reference signal (SRS) and a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) communication. In some aspects, the user equipment may configure the multiple uplink transmissions based at least in part on the configuration. Numerous other aspects are provided.
Method for ultra-high frequency mobile communication system transreceiving reference signal and feedback and apparatus for same
Provided are a method for transreceiving a beam reference signal or a beam refinement reference signal and transreceiving feedback information for same between a terminal and a base station in an ultra-high frequency mobile communication system, and to an apparatus for same. The method may include identifying a preferable symbol based on reference signal received power or reference signal received quality in a subframe in which the beam reference signal is received and transmitting radio resource management information or channel status information for an antenna port or an antenna array to the base station with respect to the preferable symbol.
Apparatus, system and method of communicating a single carrier (SC) transmission
For example, a wireless station may be configured to generate a plurality of time-domain streams in a time domain, the plurality of time-domain streams comprising at least a first time-domain stream comprising a first data sequence in a first interval and a second time-domain stream comprising a second data sequence in the first interval, the first time-domain stream comprises a time-inverted and sign-inverted complex conjugate of the second data sequence in a second interval subsequent to the first interval, and the second time-domain stream comprises a time-inverted complex conjugate of the first data sequence in the second interval; to convert the plurality of time-domain streams into a respective plurality of frequency-domain streams in a frequency domain; and to transmit a Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) transmission based on the plurality of frequency-domain streams.
Method and device for configuring a single frequency network
A telecommunication system is provided comprising a Single Frequency Network, which enables the activation and respectively deactivation of base stations (SCn-SCn+3), each providing a radio cell such as a so-called Small Cell (SCn-SCn+3). Single Frequency Networks provide the advantage that no handover procedures are required for user equipment traversing several radio cells. The subject matter of the present invention provides means for a location based adaption of the transmission parameters for operating the Small Cells (SCn-SCn+3) in dependence of the location of the user equipment to be supplied.
Measurement system and method for operating a measurement system
A measurement system comprising a device under test, at least a first antenna and a second antenna, a reflector device, a shielded space and a signal analysis module is disclosed. The first antenna is configured to at least one of generate electromagnetic waves directed to the reflector device and receive electromagnetic waves reflected by the reflector device. The reflector device is configured to reflect electromagnetic waves between the first antenna and the device under test. The second antenna is positioned in a near-field area of the device under test. At least the second antenna is connected to the signal analysis module, and the device under test, the first antenna, the second antenna and the reflector device are assigned to the shielded space. Moreover, a method for operating a measurement system is disclosed.
Spread spectrum based audio frequency communication system
A spread spectrum based audio frequency communication system at least includes a transmitting apparatus. The transmitting apparatus includes a first dot-product module, a summation module, a transmitting modulation module, a mixture module, a digital-to-analog converter, and a transmitter. The first dot-product module is configured to perform a dot-product of a first data and a first pseudo-noise code, and derive a first spreading data. The summation module is configured to sum up the first spreading data and a second spreading data to form a summed data. The transmitting modulation module is configured to vary a carrier signal with the summed data to form a modulated signal. The mixture module is configured to mix the modulated signal and an acoustic signal up to form a mixed signal. The digital-to-analog converter is configured to convert the mixed signal into acoustic waves. The transmitter transmits the acoustic waves.
Inductor circuit and wireless communication devices
An inductor circuit includes first inductive circuit, second inductive circuit, and third inductive circuit. First inductive circuit at receiver side has a first end coupled to a first port of an antenna and a second end coupled to an input port of a receiving circuit. Second inductive circuit at transmitter side has a first end and a second end respectively coupled to output ports of a power amplifier. Third inductive circuit at antenna side has a first end coupled to a first port of the antenna and having a second end. Second inductive circuit and the third inductive circuit are disposed on an outer ring to form a ring shape and the third inductive circuit is disposed on an inner ring within the outer ring to form a spiral shape. Third inductive circuit is disposed between the second inductive circuit and the first inductive circuit.
Low loss transmitter receiver switch with transformer matching network
A transmit receive switch (TRSW) system is disclosed. The system has a transmission line, a transformer based matching network, a shunt switch, an amplifier and circuitry. The transmission line is connected to an antenna port. The transformer based matching network is connected to the transmission line and has a first coil and a second coil, wherein the second coil is connected to the transmission line. The amplifier can be configured as a shunt switch when inactive. The shunt switch, including the amplifier configured as the shunt switch, can be connected to the first coil of the transformer based matching network. The circuitry is configured to cause the shunt switch to be ON during an inactive mode and create a short across the first coil. Combined, the length of transmission line needed to complete the impedance transformation is reduced, thereby lowering the overall insertion loss of the transmit/receive switch.
Method for removing magnetic interference signal according to use of FDR scheme, and device for removing magnetic interference signal
An apparatus for removing a magnetic interference signal according to a use of a full duplex radio (FDR) scheme comprises a plurality of Rat race couplers; and a plurality of antenna pairs in which two antennas are paired, wherein each of the plurality of antenna pairs are disposed at equal intervals from each other, a first output port between two output ports of a first Rat race coupler from among the plurality of Rat race couplers is connected to a first antenna of a first antenna pair and a second output port is connected to a second antenna of the first antenna pair, a third output port between two output ports of a second Rat race coupler from among the plurality of Rat race couplers is connected to a third antenna of a second antenna pair, and a fourth output port is connected to a fourth antenna of the second antenna pair.
System and method to share single antenna between two L-band receiver/transmitters
An antenna switching system comprises an antenna switch module comprising a switch network that includes RF switches connectable to signal receive and transmit paths, and a switch control unit. First and second receiver/transmitter units are connected to the antenna switch module. A single antenna is connected to the receiver/transmitter units through the antenna switch module. The switch control unit receives mutual suppression signal pulses routed from the receiver/transmitter units. The mutual suppression signal pulses are decoded by the switch control unit to generate control signals to open and close the RF switches as needed for a signal transmit operation mode or a signal receive operation mode. The signal transmit operation mode comprises a first transmit mode in which either of the receiver/transmitter units transmits RF signals along the transmit path, or a second transmit mode in which both of the receiver/transmitter units transmit RF signals along the transmit path.
Scalable diversity deployment for wide tuning range transceiver
A wireless communication system with scalable diversity and multi-transceiver diversity deployment is disclosed. An example communication system includes a first wireless transceiver, having a first bandwidth and a first center frequency, a second transceiver, having a second bandwidth and a second center frequency, and a processor. The processor is configured to operate the wireless communication system in a first mode when a difference between the first center frequency and the second center frequency is greater than or equal to half of the first bandwidth plus the second bandwidth. The processor is also configured to operate the wireless communication system in a second mode when a difference between the first center frequency and the second center frequency is less than half of the first bandwidth plus the second bandwidth.
ADC reconfiguration for different data rates
A receiver having analog-to-digital converters (ADC) is disclosed. The ADCs may be reconfigured based on the data rate of the receiver. For example, more portions of each time-interleaved ADC may be enabled to support a higher data rate of the receiver and less portions of the ADCs may be used to support a lower data rate of the receiver.
Digital to analog convertor, failure bit number detector and non-volatile semiconductor storage device
An offset voltage VOFST is compensated in a digital to analog (DA) convertor using a switched-capacitor circuit, including an input circuit, a first differential amplifier, and an offset cancel circuit comprising a second differential amplifier, in a sampling period, when the second feedback circuit is short, an output voltage of the first differential amplifier is input to a first end of a first capacitor, the offset cancel circuit feeds back a reference voltage to an inverting input terminal of the second differential amplifier and a second end of the first capacitor from an output of the second differential amplifier, in a holding period, when the second feedback circuit is not short, the offset cancel circuit inputs a differential voltage between the reference voltage and the output voltage of the first differential amplifier into an inverting input terminal of the first differential amplifier via a second capacitor.
Frequency agile modulator
A frequency-agile phase modulator with glitch-free multiplexer in CMOS process technologies for applications including wireless communications, radar, automotive radar, etc. Examples herein offer a novel phase modulator architecture that, when combined with either a wideband power amplifier or multiple narrowband amplifiers, allows for a single transmitter to transmit radar, communication, telemetry, or other similar waveforms across multiple frequency bands. The embodiments herein allow one transmitter to cover a very large operating frequency range, resulting in a decrease in size, weight, power consumption, and cost for future “small” platform systems. In an embodiment, the phase modulator circuit includes a reconfigurable delay-locked loop (DLL) circuit that is configured to receive a radio frequency (RF) input signal (RFin) and a configuration signal. The phase modulator circuit also includes a frequency-agile, glitch-free multiplexer circuit configured to receive an oversampled baseband clock signal (clkOBB) and a phase select data input signal.
Selectively disabled output
Circuits, methods, and apparatus are directed to an integrated circuit having a disabling element that can disable a reading of data from the circuit. Once the disabling element is set to not allow a reading of the data, the disabling element cannot be changed to allow a reading of the data. The data may be configuration data or internal data stored within the integrated circuit. Examples of the disabling element include a memory element, a break in a circuit line, and an input pad configuration.
Programmable device having hardened circuits for predetermined digital signal processing functionality
An example programmable device includes a configuration memory configured to store configuration data; a programmable logic having a configurable functionality based on the configuration data in the configuration memory; a signal conversion circuit; a digital processing circuit; an endpoint circuit coupled to the signal conversion circuit through the digital processing circuit; wherein the digital processing circuit includes a first one or more digital processing functions implemented as hardened circuits each having a predetermined functionality, and a second one or more processing functions implemented by the configurable functionality of the programmable logic.
Adiabatic logic cell
An adiabatic logic cell including a first MOS transistor coupling a node for applying a periodic variable supply voltage of the cell to a floating node for providing an output logic signal of the cell, wherein the first transistor is a dual-gate transistor including a front gate coupled to a node for applying an input logic signal of the cell, and a back gate coupled to a node for applying a first periodic variable bias voltage.
Power conversion apparatus and vehicle
A power conversion apparatus includes positive-side and negative-side switching elements, positive-side and negative-side gate drive circuits, and a gate signal controller. The positive-side switching element is disposed between a positive-side direct-current bus and an output node. The negative-side switching element is disposed between a negative-side direct-current bus and the output node. The positive-side and negative-side gate drive circuit are configured to turn on and off the positive-side and negative-side switching elements, respectively. The gate signal controller is configured to transmit to the positive-side and negative-side gate drive circuits gate signals to instruct turning on and off the positive-side and negative-side switching elements. The gate signal controller is configured to, when a short circuit between the positive-side direct-current bus and the negative-side direct-current bus is detected, transmit to the positive-side gate drive circuit a first gate signal and transmit to the negative-side gate drive circuit a second gate signal.
Apparatus and methods for reducing charge injection mismatch in electronic circuits
Apparatus and methods for reducing charge injection mismatch are provided herein. In certain implementations, an electronic circuit includes one or more switch banks. Each switch bank can include a selection circuit and a plurality of switches that can be controlled using one or more clock signals. The selection circuit can select a first portion of the switches for operation in a first switch group and a second portion of the switches for operation in a second switch group. During a calibration, the electronic circuit's charge injection mismatch can be directly or indirectly observed for different switch configurations of the switch banks. The electronic circuit can be programmed to operate with the selected switch configurations of the switch banks to provide the electronic circuit with small charge injection mismatch.
Semiconductor device and method of generating power-on reset signal
A semiconductor device and a method of generating a power-on reset signal are provided. The semiconductor device includes a regulator configured to generate a regulated power supply voltage having a lower voltage value than a power supply voltage based on the power supply voltage and output the regulated power supply voltage to an internal power supply line, and a power-on reset circuit configured to generate a signal which has a first level at which reset is prompted immediately after power for the power supply voltage is turned on and which transitions to a second level at which reset release is prompted from the first level when a voltage value of the internal power supply line has risen as a power-on reset signal.
Semiconductor device and semiconductor package
A semiconductor device has a normally-off transistor which comprises a first source, a first drain, and a first gate, a normally-on transistor which comprises a second source connected electrically to the first drain, a second drain, and a second gate, a gate drive circuit which drives the first gate and the second gate, a first resistor which is connected between an output node of the gate drive circuit and the first gate, a second resistor and a first capacitor which are connected in series between the output node and the second gate, a first rectifier element which comprises a first anode and a first cathode, a second rectifier element which comprises a second anode and a second cathode, a first inductor, a second inductor, and a second capacitor and a third inductor which are connected in series between the first source and the second source.
Integrated failsafe pulldown circuit for GaN switch
Circuits and devices are provided for reliably holding a normally-off Gallium Nitride (GaN) power transistor, such as a Gate Injection Transistor (GIT), in a non-conducting state when a gate of the power transistor is not driven with an active (turn-on) control signal. This is accomplished by coupling a normally-on pulldown transistor between the gate and the source of the power transistor, such that the pulldown transistor shorts the gate to the source when the power transistor is not set for its conducting state. The pulldown transistor is preferably located on the same semiconductor die as, and in close proximity to, the power transistor, so as to avoid spurious noise at the power transistor gate that may unintentionally turn on the power transistor. A pulldown control circuit is coupled to the gate of the pulldown transistor and autonomously turns off the pulldown transistor when the power transistor is set to conduct.
Flip-flop including 3-state inverter
A flip-flop includes an input interface, a first latch, a third inverter, and a second latch. The third inverter and the fifth inverter include first transistors of a first type formed between a first power contact and a second power contact supplied with a power supply voltage on first-type fins, and second transistors of a second type formed between a first ground contact and a second ground contact supplied with a ground voltage on second-type fins.
Techniques for input formatting and coefficient selection for sample rate converter in parallel implementation scheme
A sample rate converter (“SRC”) for implementing a rate conversion L/M is described wherein data is input to the SRC at an input rate (“Fin”) and output from the SRC at an output rate (“Fout”) equal to Fin*L/M. The SRC includes a low pass filter (“LPF”) including P multiply-add instances, wherein P is a parallelization factor of the SRC; an input formatter for arranging samples received at the SRC in accordance with the rate conversion L/M and providing P*Tpp input samples to the filter at a given time, wherein Tpp is a number of taps per phase of the LPF; and a coefficient bank for storing a plurality of coefficients and for providing P*Tpp of the coefficients to the LPF at a given time.
Methods and apparatus for adjusting a level of an audio signal
The invention relates to methods and apparatus for adjusting a level of an audio signal. An audio signal is divided into a plurality of frequency bands. Modification parameters are obtained for at least one of the plurality of frequency band. Gain factors are derived for at least one of the plurality of frequency bands, the gain factors determined based on the amplitude scale factors. The gain factors are smoothed. A level of noise from noise compensation factors is determined. The gain factors are applied to at least one of the frequency bands to generate gain adjusted frequency bands. The level of noise is adjusted based on the gain adjusted frequency bands. At least one of the frequency bands is filtered with a filter generated with the filter coefficients. The plurality of frequency bands is synthesized to generate an output audio signal.
Intelligently modifying the gain parameter of a playback device
Techniques for optimizing a player based on the addition of a second player are disclosed. In an embodiment, when a first player no longer needs to play certain audio frequencies due to the addition of a second player, the gain of the first player is automatically increased as part of the setup process. In another embodiment, when a first player needs to play certain audio frequencies, for example due to the removal of a second player, the gain of the first player is automatically decreased. Many other embodiments are disclosed.
Inverse Class-F power amplifier
A power amplifier is provided having an input for receiving a signal to be amplified that is associated with a fundamental frequency. An amplifier circuit of the power amplifier includes an active device for amplifying the input signal and an output for providing the amplified signal to a load. A load network is electrically interposed between the amplifier circuit and the output and includes fundamental frequency matching circuitry which presents an optimal resistance at the fundamental frequency. The load network further includes a parallel transmission line arrangement having, at the fundamental frequency, a one-eighth wavelength short-circuited stub and a one-eighth wavelength open-circuit stub. The fundamental frequency matching circuitry and the parallel transmission line arrangement cooperate such that the load network operatively presents an optimal resistance at the fundamental frequency, an open-circuit at a second harmonic frequency and a short-circuit at a third harmonic frequency.
Active wilkinson combiner
A Wilkinson Combiner circuit is disclosed. The circuit includes first and second input ports, and a resistive-capacitive (RC) network coupled there between. The circuit further includes an amplifier having an amplifier input node, and a coupled inductor. The coupled inductor includes first, second, and third terminals, coupled to the first input port, the second input port, and the amplifier input node, respectively. Signals conveyed from the first and second input ports are passed through the corresponding portions of the coupled inductor, are combined into a composite signal and amplified by the amplifier.
Stabilization of direct learning algorithm for wideband signals
The present invention addresses method, apparatus and computer program product for stabilization of the direct learning algorithm for wideband signals. Thereby, a signal to be amplified is input to a pre-distorter provided for compensating for non-linearity of the power amplifier, and the pre-distorted output signal from the pre-distorter is forwarded to the power amplifier. Parameters of the pre-distorter are adapted based on an error between the linearized signal output from the power amplifier and the signal to be amplified using an adaptive direct learning algorithm, and the linear system of equations formed by the direct learning algorithm are solved using a conjugate gradient algorithm, wherein, once per direct learning algorithm adaptation, at least one of the initial residual and the initial direction of the conjugate gradient algorithm are set based on the result of the previous adaptation.
High speed quantum efficiency spectra of multijunction cells using monochromator-based hardware
A quantum efficiency test controller (QETC) and related techniques for measuring quantum efficiency are described. The QETC performs one or more test iterations to obtain test results regarding quantum efficiency of a multijunction photovoltaic device (MPD) having a number N of photovoltaic junctions (N>0), where the QETC is associated with N bias light sources. During a test iteration, the QETC activates a grating monochromator to emit a first test probe of monochromatic light at a first wavelength; and while the grating monochromator is emitting the first test probe, iterates through and activates each of the N bias light sources to emit a corresponding bias band of wavelengths of light. After performing the test iteration(s), the QETC generates an output that is based on the test results related to the quantum efficiency of the MPD.
Apparatus and method for testing performance of multi-junction solar cells
A test apparatus for analyzing performance of a multi-junction solar cell can include a plurality of light source groups, each light source group including three or more light sources distributed over a substrate. Each sub-cell of the solar cell is associated with at least one of the light source groups, and each light source group primarily photoexcites the sub-cell of the light source group with which it is associated. The intensities of the various light source groups can are adjusted such that an output current of each of a plurality of calibration standards is within 2% of a predetermined current value. The test apparatus can then be used to test performance of the multi-junction solar cell.
A photovoltaic inverter includes a box, and an inverter cabinet, a direct current cabinet, an alternating current cabinet, a communication cabinet, and a power distribution cabinet which are all arranged in the box. The inverter cabinet is arranged on a first side of the box. The alternating current cabinet, the communication cabinet and the power distribution cabinet are all arranged on a second side of the box. The alternating current cabinet, the communication cabinet, and the power distribution cabinet are all arranged opposite to the inverter cabinet. The direct current cabinet is arranged on a third side of the box, and the direct current cabinet is arranged on a same side of the inverter cabinet and the alternating current cabinet.
Method and system for communication between inverter and solar module
Technologies for communication between an inverter and a solar module are disclosed. The disclosed technologies include monitoring a voltage and/or current of the solar module to determine a corresponding voltage waveform and/or current waveform and determining whether the voltage waveform and/or current waveform includes an encoded message. If a message is encoded in the voltage waveform and/or current waveform, the solar module may perform one or more actions. For example, the solar module may adjust an operating voltage, current, or power, adjust a switching frequency or duty cycle of one or more converters of the solar module, initiate a global maximum power point search, and/or other actions.
Apparatus for controlling drive motor of vehicle and method using the same
An apparatus for controlling a drive motor of a vehicle in which a wound rotor synchronous motor is mounted includes: an inverter which controls a stator current supplied to a stator of the drive motor and a rotor current supplied to a rotor of the drive motor; and a drive motor controller which controls the inverter such that the stator current and the rotor current are supplied to the drive motor when a temperature of the rotor is less than a threshold value, and only the stator current is supplied to the drive motor when the temperature of the rotor is greater than or equal to the threshold value.
Electric drive device and control method for same
Provided is an electric drive device which controls a current supplied to coils during normal operation so as to be less than a current limit value when normal, which is determined from heat generating properties and heat radiating properties of a thermally coupled body that includes the coils and an inverter circuit. When an abnormality in each group or each phase of the coils and the inverter circuit is detected, the supply of current to all phases of a group suffering an abnormality in the coils, or to a phase that is not capable of continuous operation, is stopped or reduced; and the limit value of the current supplied to a coil that is capable of continuous operation is reset to a current limit value in the event of abnormality, which is larger than the current limit value when normal, within the range of improvement of the heat generating properties of the thermally coupled body due to the stopping or reduction of the supply of current.
System and method for monitoring mover status in an independent cart system
An improved system and method for monitoring operation of movers in an independent cart system reduces the required communication bandwidth for monitoring operation of movers in a system where control is distributed among multiple controllers spaced along the track. As the mover is travelling along the track segment, each distributed controller monitors at least one operating characteristic of the mover. As a mover travels along the track, each distributed controller transmits the operating characteristic to a successive distributed controller, such the monitored operating characteristic is transmitted along the track as the mover travels along the track. At a reduced rate or upon request from a central controller, each distributed controller may transmit the status of a mover present on the corresponding track segment controlled by that distributed controller to the central controller.
A motor starter includes: a motor circuit breaker which has an electronic tripping device; a contactor which is correspondingly interconnected to the motor circuit breaker for forming the motor starter; and at least one control line disposed between the motor circuit breaker and the contactor, via which control line a control signal, which is generated depending upon a switching signal for switching the contactor, is transmitted from the contactor to the electronic tripping device. The electronic tripping device generates a tripping signal for switching off a current flow across the switching contact or switching contacts of the motor circuit breaker, depending upon the control signal and current flow across one or more switching contacts of the motor circuit breaker.
Power supply and residual voltage discharging method
A power supply includes a transformer winding, a switching circuit, a controller and a filter circuit. The transformer winding is configured to provide a first voltage. The switching circuit is coupled to the transformer winding and includes a first and a second switching unit. On the condition that the power supply is operated under a standby mode, the controller controls the first and the second switching units to provide a discharging path between two terminals of the transformer winding. On the condition that the power supply is operated under an operating mode, the controller controls the switching circuit such that the switching circuit provides a second voltage according to the first voltage. The filter circuit is coupled to the switching circuit and configured to filter the second voltage to provide an output voltage.
Integrated silicon carbide diode rectifier circuits
An integrated silicon carbide rectifier circuit with an on chip isolation diode. The isolation diode can be a channel-to-substrate isolation diode or a channel to channel isolation diode.
Printed circuit board power cell with isolation and medium voltage multi-cell power supply
A printed circuit board (PCB) power cell (100) for arranging in a multi-cell power supply (500) includes a housing assembly (102) with a multiple section housing (104, 106), and a PCB assembly (120) positioned within the housing assembly (102), wherein the housing assembly (102) and the PCB assembly (120) are configured to provide an integrated voltage isolation of the power cell (100) which supports an output voltage of the multi-cell power supply (500). Furthermore, a multi-cell power supply (500) including a PCB power cell (100) with isolation is described.
High efficiency high frequency resonant power conversion
A method includes coupling a primary side circuit of a resonant power system to a secondary side circuit, wherein the primary side circuit comprises a first resonant tank comprising a first variable capacitance network having a first resonant frequency and the secondary side circuit comprises a second resonant tank having a second resonant frequency and modulating a capacitance of the first variable capacitance network to adjust an operation parameter of the resonant power system.
Sense resistor short detection for switching power converters
Systems, devices, and methods are provided to enable power converters to use two or more sensing elements to reliably detect a short circuit (or soft-short circuit) existing in the power converter and distinguish these conditions from other operating conditions, such as low voltage conditions or normal operating conditions. The disclosed embodiments enable the accurate detection of fault conditions, such as short circuits or soft short conditions, using a number of sensing elements, such as sense resistors and the inherent resistance of switching devices, while preventing the detection of false positives due to other factors such as low input voltage.
Multi-level DC-DC converter with boundary transition control
Multi-level DC-to-DC converter circuits and methods that permit a full range of output voltages, including near and at zone boundaries. Embodiments alternate among adjacent or near-by zones, operating in a first zone for a selected time and then in a second zone for a selected time. Embodiments may include a parallel capacitor voltage balancing circuit that connects a capacitor to a source voltage to charge that capacitor, or couples two or more capacitors together to transfer charge, all under the control of real-time capacitor voltage measurements. Embodiments may include a lossless voltage balancing solution where out-of-order state transitions are allowed, thus increasing or decreasing the voltage across specific capacitors to prevent voltage overstress on the converter main switches. Restrictions may be placed on the overall sequence of state transitions to reduce or avoid transition state toggling, allowing each capacitor an opportunity to have its voltage steered as necessary for balancing.
Converter device and method to operate said converter device
A converter device includes a converter and a controller to operate the converter. The converter includes reactive components which include a flying capacitor. To perform at least two different operation modes, the converter further includes seven switches. A mode selection logic of the controller selects one of the operation modes depending on desired operating conditions. The converter device is highly flexible and enables a high power processing efficiency over the full operating range by properly selecting a suitable operation mode.
Charge pump applied to organic light-emitting diode display pane
A charge pump, applied to an OLED display panel and coupled to an output capacitor, includes a first switch to a tenth switch and a first capacitor to a third capacitor. The first switch and second switch are coupled in series between a first voltage and a second voltage lower than first voltage. The third switch is coupled to second voltage. The sixth switch is coupled to first voltage. The seventh switch is coupled to second voltage. The fourth switch, eighth switch and tenth switch are coupled to output capacitor. The first capacitor is coupled between first switch and second switch. The second capacitor is coupled between fifth switch and sixth switch. The third capacitor is coupled between seventh switch and eighth switch. The charge pump is operated in a first phase, a second-A phase, the first phase and a second-B phase in order to provide negative output voltage.
A DC-DC converter includes a capacitive power converter connected to a first terminal side, an LC circuit connected to a second terminal side and including an inductor and a second capacitor, and a control circuit that performs switching of a plurality of switch elements. The control circuit performs the switching at a switching frequency equal to or higher than a resonant frequency determined by the capacitance of the capacitive power converter and the capacitance and the inductance of the LC circuit, steps down an input DC voltage inputted to the first terminal, and outputs an output DC voltage from the second terminal.
Reference voltage generation
In some examples, an apparatus for reference voltage generation includes a plurality of reference voltage rails each with a corresponding reference voltage, a first controller, and a second controller. The first controller is to cycle through the plurality of reference voltage rails and maintain the reference voltages in a synchronous mode. The second controller is to detect an event and provide an indication to the first controller to update in an asynchronous mode one of the plurality of reference voltages in response to the event. The first controller is to update in an asynchronous mode the one of the plurality of reference voltages in response to the event.
Fast transient load response device for switched-mode power supply
This specification discloses methods and systems for reducing negative undershoot during transient load response for a PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) boost power converter. In some embodiments, reduction of negative undershoot during transient load response is achieved by overriding the PWM duty cycle to a maximum duty cycle when VDDBOOST drops during load step. This maximum duty cycle (“max”) mode is triggered when VDDBOOST is within a hysteresis window. Setpoint for maximum duty cycle is versus DCDC converter output and input voltage. In some embodiments, a lookup table is implemented for determining the setpoint for maximum duty cycle.
Power supply device and image forming apparatus
A power supply device includes a rectifying/smoothing circuit that receives an AC voltage input and converts the AC voltage into a DC voltage by rectification and smoothing, an AC voltage cut-off detection circuit that detects a cut-off of the AC voltage, and a voltage processing circuit that is connected to a post-stage of the rectifying/smoothing circuit wherein the post-stage means a downstream side from the rectifying/smoothing circuit and operates when the AC voltage cut-off detection circuit has detected a cut-off of the AC voltage. The AC voltage cut-off detection circuit is provided with a signal transmitting element that is connected to the post-stage of the rectifying/smoothing circuit, and receives power supplied from the rectifying/smoothing circuit and sends a signal to the voltage processing circuit when the AC voltage is cut off.
Two degree-of-freedom actuator
A two degree-of-freedom actuator includes a first linkage, a second linkage, a third linkage, a magnet, a winding panel, and a plurality of windings. The second linkage is rotationally coupled to the first linkage, whereby the first linkage is rotatable, relative to the second linkage, about a first rotational axis. The third linkage is rotationally coupled to the second linkage, whereby the first and second linkages are rotatable, relative to the third linkage, about a second rotational axis that is perpendicular to the first rotational axis. The magnet is fixedly mounted on the first linkage. The winding panel is fixedly mounted to the third linkage and has an inner surface and an opposing outer surface. The inner surface faces the magnet and is spaced apart therefrom. The windings are wound around the winding panel.
Segmented magnetic core
Various embodiments associated with a segmented magnetic core are described. The segmented magnetic core can be made up of multiple singular structures so as to allow an individual singular structure to be removed with ease and without disturbing another magnetic core. This modular core design allows for a significant reduction in motor housing weight due to compatibility of the design with lightweight materials and the potential absence of extensive housing when so designed. This modular core design can be incorporated into a motor or a generator and this modular core design can be accomplished, in one example, by way of stacking and/or interlocking employing low cost assembly. In one example, a motor or a generator uses sensors to detect an operational failure in a magnetic core, notifying a user early of the failure.
Electrical machine and method for cooling the electrical machine
A method and electrical machine includes a housing and a tube within a channel, wherein a first coolant can flow around the tube and a second coolant can flow through the tube, whereby in order to cool the electrical machine, the first coolant is conducted in a coolant circuit within the electrical machine, the second coolant is conducted through the electrical machine, and the first coolant medium is conducted through a rotor of the electrical machine such that a compact and efficient cooling of the electrical machine becomes possible.
A rotary apparatus includes a motor including a rotary shaft, a plurality of gears including an output gear, and a housing accommodating the motor and the plurality of gears. The housing is separable into a first housing and a second housing. The motor includes a first end portion and a second end portion located on an opposite side of the first end portion. The rotary shaft is derived from the first end portion. The second housing includes a first regulating portion regulating a position of a part of the motor on the first end portion. The first housing includes a projecting portion projecting toward the second housing side. The projecting portion urges the second end portion of the motor toward the first regulating portion side directly or via another member.
Rotor wedges with eddy current inhibitors
A wedge for securing windings in a slot in the rotor poles of a rotor core of an electrical machine includes an elongate wedge body extending in an axial direction along a longitudinal axis. The wedge body includes layers perpendicular to the axial direction. The layers vary in electrical conductivity from layer to layer to inhibit eddy currents within the wedge body.
Method of making a permanent magnet rotor
A method of making a permanent magnet rotor includes interference fitting pressure tools into bores in a rotor core as to deform material of the rotor core outwardly to bias permanent magnets mounted thereon in a radially outward direction against a fixation sleeve.
Rotor structure for electric machine assembly
An electric machine assembly for a vehicle is provided. The electric machine is in operational communication with a traction battery and includes a stator core defining a cavity and a rotor disposed within the cavity having an inner region defined by sets of triangle-shaped holes tessellated about respective central regions to form a truss structure such that the holes of the truss structure, during operational rotation, do not influence magnetic flux paths generated by magnets of the rotor. The rotor may have a strain energy value less than or equal to 16,100 Joules. The truss structure may include pairs of symmetrical portions each including segments arranged with adjacent rotor portions to define the triangle-shaped holes.
Laminated core and method for producing same
The laminated core (12) comprises laminations (10), which are arranged one over the other and which are each connected to each other by means of a first connection (9, 15). In addition, at least some of the laminations (10) are connected to each other by means of a second connection (11). By using two connections, the advantages thereof can be bundled, whereby the number and/or size of the connection points can be reduced while the requirement for the laminated core (12) remains the same or very high requirements for the laminated core (12) can be met or even increased. Advantageously, an adhesive is used as one of the connections (11), while the other connection (9, 15) can be a form-fitting connection. The adhesive (11) is applied to the lower side (13) and/or upper side (14) of the laminations (10) before or after the punching of the laminations (10). However, the two connections can also be formed by two adhesive systems. Finally, the connections (9, 10; 11) can also be formed by at least one weld seam and additionally by an adhesive.
Method and apparatus for dynamic RF lens focusing and tracking of wireless power recovery unit
A method of determining the phases of a multitude of transmitting elements of an RF power generating unit, includes, in part, activating one of transmitting element during the first time period, turning off the remaining transmitting elements during the first time period, transmitting an RF signal from the activated transmitting element to a device to be charged during the first time period, detecting a first phase value associated with the RF signal at the device during the first time period, transmitting the detected first phase value from the device to the generating unit during the first time period, and adjusting the phase of the activated transmitting element in response to the detected first phase value.
Methods and apparatus for antenna signal limiter for radio frequency identification transponder
In described examples, an apparatus includes: at least one resonant circuit for receiving a radio frequency signal; a rectifier coupled to the resonant circuit to output a first rectified signal with a constant level portion and a portion matching a first portion of the radio frequency signal, and to output a second rectified signal having a constant level portion and a portion that matches a second portion of the radio frequency signal; a first limiter circuit to limit a voltage of the first rectified signal to a predetermined maximum voltage level; a second limiter circuit to limit the voltage of the second rectified signal to the predetermined maximum voltage level; a third limiter circuit to limit a voltage of the first rectified signal to a predetermined minimum voltage level; and a fourth limiter circuit to limit the voltage of the second rectified signal to the predetermined minimum voltage level.
Worksurface-mounted wireless charging grommet
An electrical power unit is positionable at a work surface and includes an upper housing including an upper surface and a lower surface spaced below the upper surface to define an upper housing chamber. A wireless power transmitter is disposed in the upper housing chamber and is operable to convey electrical energy to a wireless power receiver positioned at or above the upper surface. A base is coupled to the upper housing and extends downwardly therefrom, the base being configured for insertion into an opening formed in the work surface or into a space defined between two adjacent work surfaces. The base is further configured to facilitate securing the electrical power unit to the work surface or the adjacent work surfaces.
Configuring, optimizing, and managing micro-grids
Methods and systems for controlling electrical distribution grids. The method includes determining premises in an electrical distribution grid that include an energy resource. The method further includes determining a configuration of the electrical distribution grid including a micro-grid, the micro-grid including the one or more premises. The method further includes electrically isolating, monitoring and controlling the micro-grid from the electrical distribution grid through the use of a micro-grid manager.
Disposable package assembly for batteries with added charging function
A commercial package assembly that retains a battery for sale to a consumer includes a battery chamber and a control assembly. The battery chamber retains the battery. The battery is visible to the consumer while the battery is retained within the battery chamber. The control assembly is coupled to the battery chamber. Additionally, the control assembly is configured to transmit power from the battery to an electronic device while the battery is retained within the battery chamber.
Battery control IC, battery pack, and authentication method thereof
A battery authentication system includes a battery pack, and a host device connected to the battery pack to charge the battery pack. The battery pack includes a battery, a discharge switch that turns on and off discharging of the battery, a charge switch that turns on and off charging of the battery, and a control integrated circuit (IC) that controls the battery. The control IC includes a charge/discharge control circuit that controls the discharge switch and the charge switch, and an authentication circuit that performs a process for performing an authentication with the host device. The authentication circuit is configured to perform a process associated with a first authentication. The charge/discharge control circuit is configured to control the discharge switch to be turned on when the first authentication is established. The authentication circuit is configured to perform a process associated with a second authentication.
Quick charging system, terminal, power adapter and charging line
The present disclosure provides a charging system, a terminal, a power adapter and a charging line. The terminal includes a first controller and M charging input interfaces. The power adapter includes a second controller and N charging output interfaces. When at least one of the N charging output interface is coupled to the charging input interfaces of the terminal, the second controller and the first controller communicate with each other to determine the number of charging output interfaces of the power adapter coupled to the terminal, and a charging current outputted from the power adapter to the terminal is adjusted according to the number of charging output interfaces of the power adapter coupled to the terminal.
Method for identifying type of cable, power adapter and cable
A power adapter, a cable, and an electronic device capable of delivering data or electric current to another electronic device via at least two different types of cables include: an internal power source and a first resistor, and the internal power source is electrically connected to an electronic interface of the electronic device via the first resistor. A method for identifying a type of a cable and is executable by the electronic device includes: determining a measured voltage when the electronic interface of the electronic device is connected to an electronic interface of a target cable; and identifying the type of the target cable based on the measured voltage.
DC integration of battery for expanding the DC:AC ratio limit of a PV inverter
A power generation system is disclosed that includes a photovoltaic (PV) array having a number of strings of PV modules switchably connected to a respective input node, an inverter comprising a plurality of inputs each coupled to each respective input node, each respective input node being coupled to a respective input of a DC-to-DC converter. An output of the DC-to-DC converter is switchably connected to an energy storage source, wherein the DC-to-DC converter charges the energy storage source with a portion of an output power of the PV array that exceeds a maximum inverter power. A controller incrementally disconnects subsets of the plurality of strings of PV modules from the respective input nodes to decrease an input current and input power to the inverter in response to an output voltage or output current of the PV array exceeding a threshold and the energy storage source being un-chargeable or unavailable.
Electric circuit and associated method for regulating power transfer in a power grid
An electric circuit for regulating power transfer in a power grid includes a compensator circuit arranged to be connected between outputs of one or more power sources and a point of common coupling in the power grid. The compensator circuit is arranged to detect one or more electrical properties associated with the outputs and one or more electrical properties associated with the point of common coupling; and provide, based on the detection, a voltage output to emulate a resistor for suppressing filter resonance associated with the one or more power sources and to reduce equivalent impedance of the power grid.
Filtering arrangement having a three phase LCL power supply common mode filter
A filtering arrangement for a system including a power electronics device and an external power storage/discharge element, which power electronics device includes a power module and a three-phase filter between the AC power terminals of the power module and the supplying AC power grid, and which power module includes a DC intermediate power bus, and which three-phase filter between the AC power terminals and the supplying AC power grid includes two three-phase inductors, and which external power storage/discharge element has two DC power terminals which are connected to the DC intermediate power bus of the power electronics device. The filtering arrangement includes a common mode inductor which is connected between the DC power terminals of the external power storage/discharge element and the terminals of the DC intermediate power bus of the power module.
Current/voltage control apparatus
A current/voltage control apparatus capable of following power changes in a DC system. A current/voltage control apparatus includes a central monitoring control device that controls V-I characteristics of a terminal converter based on power consumption consumed by a load facility and generated power generated by a power generation facility, and the central monitoring control device includes a load state setting unit that predicts a change range of the power consumption in a predetermined period and also predicts a change range of the generated power in the period and a V-I characteristic determination unit that determines the V-I characteristics of the terminal converter based on the change range of the power consumption and the change range of the generated power predicted by the load state setting unit.
Fault detection based on amount of PFC correction
An example power supply for supplying electrical power to an electronic device includes an AC to DC converter, power factor correction (PFC) circuitry, and a controller. The AC to DC converter is configured to convert an input AC power signal into a DC power signal. The PFC circuitry is configured to correct a power factor of the DC power signal. The controller is configured to monitor an amount of correction (φ) being applied to the DC power signal by the PFC circuitry and to shut down supply of power to the electronic device in response to φ being within a first threshold of zero degrees for a second threshold amount of time.
Motor control center (MCC) units with slidable shutters
Motor control centers have units or buckets with an operator mechanism with a retractable power stab assembly and one or more sliding shutters that controllably block access to a stab isolation port based on position of the operator disconnect handle using an attached shutter cam that slides the shutter right and left.
The spark plug includes an insulator, a metal shell, and a buffering member. The buffering member is filled in a space that is enclosed by an inner peripheral surface of the metal shell and an outer peripheral surface of the insulator. 3 mm2≤L×T is satisfied in a case where: a length in a direction of an axial line of a filled portion filled with the buffering member is defined as a filling length L; a thickness, of a screw portion of the metal shell, that is half a difference left after subtraction of the inner diameter of the metal shell from the pitch diameter of the screw portion is defined as an effective thickness; and a minimum value of the effective thickness of a portion, of the screw portion, present rearward of an inner diameter reduction portion of the metal shell is defined as a minimum thickness T.
Vertical cavity surface emitting laser and method for manufacturing same
An embodiment discloses a vertical cavity surface emitting laser and a method for manufacturing the same, the vertical cavity surface emitting laser comprising: a substrate; a lower reflective layer disposed on the substrate; an active layer disposed on the lower reflective layer; an oxide layer disposed on the active layer and comprising a first hole disposed at the center thereof; a capping layer disposed on the oxide layer; and an upper reflective layer disposed on the capping layer and the first hole.
Optical package structure, optical module, and method for manufacturing the same
An optical package structure includes a substrate having a first surface, an interposer bonded to the first surface through a bonding layer, the interposer having a first area from a top view perspective, and an optical device on the interposer, having a second area from the top view perspective, the first area being greater than the second area. A method for manufacturing the optical package structure is also provided.
Method for operating a laser device, resonator arrangement and use of a phase shifter
A method for operating a laser device, including providing a laser pulse in a resonator so that the laser pulse circulates in the resonator, the laser pulse having a carrier wave; determining an offset frequency (f0) of the frequency comb corresponding to the laser pulse, the frequency comb having a plurality of laser modes (fm) at a distance (frep) from one another, the frequencies of which can be described by the formula: fm=m*frep+f0, m being a natural number, and varying the offset frequency (f0) by varying a geometric phase (Δφ) that is imparted to the carrier wave of the laser pulse per resonator circulation.
Amplifier assembly with semiconductor optical amplifier
In one embodiment, a laser system includes a seed laser diode configured to produce a free-space seed-laser beam and a seed-laser focusing lens configured to focus the seed-laser beam. The laser system also includes a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) that includes a front facet, a back facet, and a waveguide extending from the front facet to the back facet. The SOA is configured to: receive, at the front facet, light from the focused seed-laser beam; amplify the received light as the received light propagates along the SOA waveguide from the front facet to the back facet; and emit, from the back facet, an amplified free-space beam that includes the amplified received light. The laser system further includes a mounting platform, where one or more of the seed laser diode, the seed-laser focusing lens, and the SOA are mechanically attached to the mounting platform.
The present invention provides an atomic oscillator comprising: a first frequency synthesizer for multiplying a reference frequency signal oscillated with a first voltage control oscillator by a first multiplication ratio and synthesizing a first high frequency signal; a first semiconductor laser for emitting a first laser light modulated by the first high frequency signal; a second frequency synthesizer for multiplying an output signal oscillated by a second voltage control oscillator with a second multiplication ratio and synthesizing a second high frequency signal; a second semiconductor laser for emitting a second laser modulated by the second high frequency signal; a gas cell being emitted with the first laser light and the second laser light simultaneously, the gas cell enclosing a first alkali-metal atom gas, a second alkali-metal atom gas, and buffer gas; and a computer for setting the first multiplication ratio in the first frequency synthesizer.
Plug, power supply and power connector
A plug includes a first member and a second member detachably connected to each other. The first member includes four conductors, which are separated from each other. The third and fourth conductors are selectively electrically connected to the first and second conductors, respectively. The second member includes four pins. The first and second pins are electrically connected to the first and second conductors, respectively, and are selectively electrically connected to the third and fourth conductors, respectively. The third and fourth pins are electrically connected to the first and second pins, respectively. The first and second pins are separated from each other, and the third and fourth pins are separated from each other. A power supply configured with the plug and a power connector are also provided.
Methods of making and using an identification tag system for use with an electrical breaker panel and an electrical outlet
A system for identifying which electrical outlets are electrically connected to a circuit breaker, including an electrical outlet faceplate cover having at least one electrical outlet opening and a fastener located adjacent to the at least one electrical outlet opening such that the electrical outlet faceplate cover is located over an electrical outlet, a circuit breaker panel having at least one circuit breaker located on the circuit breaker panel, and a near field communications tag embedded within the electrical outlet faceplate cover or attached to a front face of the electrical outlet faceplate cover, such that the near field communications tag contains information related to which of the at least one circuit breakers is electrically connected to the electrical outlet.
Flippable electrical connector
A receptacle connector includes an insulative housing defining a base and a mating tongue extending with a step portion defined at a root region of the mating tongue; a plurality of contacts disposed in the insulative housing with contacting sections exposed upon a first surface and a second surface of the mating tongue and categorized with signal contacts, power contacts and grounding contacts; a shielding plate embedded with the mating tongue and forming a pair of locking edge in two opposite lateral side edges; and an EMI collar intimately surrounding the step portion, the collar comprising two long portions covering the first surface and the second surface of the step portion and two short portions connecting with opposite ends of the long portions. A lateral rigid finger extends straight from a side of the shielding plate and touch an inner side of a short portion of the collar.
Electrical connector having upper and lower power contacts stamped to contact each other
A method of making an electrical connector includes: forming an upper row of contacts each connected between a primary carrier strip and a secondary carrier strip and stamping a selected one of the upper contacts to have a front extension thereof leveled at a lowest position; insert-molding the upper row of contacts with an upper insulator to form an upper terminal module unit; forming a lower row of contacts each connected between another primary carrier strip and another secondary carrier strip and stamping a selected one of the lower contacts to have a front extension thereof leveled at a highest position; insert-molding the lower row of contacts with a lower insulator to form a lower terminal module unit; bringing the front extensions of the selected upper and lower contacts to be in touch with each other. The primary and secondary carrier strips are then severed and an over-mold applied.
Electrical connector sealing system
A method and apparatus for a crimp pin electrical connector can include a body with a first face and a second face, with openings extending through the body from the first face to the second face. A grommet can connect to the body with grommet holes aligned with the openings. A cap having a set of cap holes can align with the grommet holes. A nut can threadably engage with the body to compress the grommet via the cap to seal wires connected to the body with an interference.
Electrical connector having contacts plated with two different materials
An electrical connector includes: an insulative housing; and a row of contacts secured to the insulative housing, the row of contacts including one or more power contacts and one or more signal and/or ground contacts, wherein the one or more power contacts are plated with a first material and the one or more signal and/or ground contacts are plated with a second material different from the first material. A related method of manufacturing such connector includes separate plating of the row of power contacts from the row of signal and ground contacts with a different material.
Jackscrew assemblies for circuit board connections
A jackscrew assembly for a circuit board connector includes a jackset drive cap including drive cap threads and a jackset body. The jackset body includes first jackset body threads configured to mate with the drive cap threads and second jackset body threads configured to mate with a separate fixed connector fastener. The jackset drive cap and the jackset body are configured to retain a connector body therebetween in an assembled state while allowing the jackscrew assembly to rotate relative to the connector body.
Branch connector and communication network
A branch connector includes: a first housing having a wiring route portion in which two first cables constituting a twisted pair cable are wired in a twisted shape to be spaced apart from each other; and a second housing to which a pair of pressure contact terminals connected respectively with two second cables constituting a twisted pair cable is fixed. The pair of pressure contact terminals is connected respectively with the two first cables by pressure contact in a state where the second housing is assembled with the first housing.
Highly efficient multi-port radiataor
A radiator is formed by forming a multitude of slot antennas adjacent one another such that the spacing between each pair of adjacent slot antennas is smaller than the wavelength of the signal being transmitted or received by the radiator. The radiator achieves high efficiency by reducing the excitation of substrate modes, and further achieves high output power radiation by combining power of multiple CMOS power amplifiers integrated in the radiator structure. Impedance matching to low-voltage CMOS power amplifiers is achieved through lowering the impedance at the radiator ports. Each output power stage may be implemented as a combination of several smaller output power stages operating in parallel, thereby allowing the combination to utilize an effective output device size commensurate with the impedance of the radiator.
Beam shaping techniques for wideband antenna
A technique is described wherein one or multiple reflectors are integrated into a wideband antenna to provide directional radiation pattern characteristics across the frequency range serviced by the antenna. Distributed filters are designed into the reflector assembly to alter electrical performance as a function of frequency. The directive properties provided by the reflector assembly can be adjusted at specific frequency bands to provide a more or less directive radiation pattern. The reflector assembly is designed to maintain low Passive Intermodulation (PIM) characteristics making the technique applicable to high quality Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) and other applications which require low PIM levels and/or a radiation pattern that can be controlled as a function of frequency.
Antenna structures for spatial power-combining devices
Spatial power-combining devices, and in particular, antenna structures for spatial power-combining devices are disclosed. A spatial power-combining device includes a plurality of amplifier assemblies, and each amplifier assembly includes an input antenna structure, an amplifier, and an output antenna structure. At least one of the input antenna structure and the output antenna structure may have a profile that includes tuning features, such as steps or other shapes, configured to tune or match with a desired operating frequency range. The tuning features may be configured with one or both of a signal conductor and a ground conductor of at least one of the input and output antenna structures. The tuning features may be non-symmetric across a particular signal conductor or a ground conductor, and the tuning features of a signal conductor may be non-symmetric with the tuning features of a ground conductor.
5G wideband MIMO antenna system based on coupled loop antennas and mobile terminal
A 5G wideband MIMO antenna system based on coupled loop antennas and a mobile terminal are disclosed. The antenna system comprises at least four antenna units comprising an antenna frame, a first coupling branch, a second coupling branch, a feed branch and an ground branch, wherein one end of the first coupling branch and one end of the ground branch are overlapped in the thickness or length direction of the frame, one end of the second coupling branch and one end of the feed branch are overlapped in the thickness or length direction of the frame. A traditional loop antenna is converted into a coupled loop antenna with three coupling regions. The coupled loop antenna system is high in antenna efficiency, good in isolation, simple in structure and easy to manufacture and has a small height when placed vertically, thereby making the mobile terminal lighter and thinner.
Mobile antenna tracking
A mobile terminal, operational both to receive and transmit, may comprise a mobile antenna and an antenna controller that may be configured to control the mobile antenna at least for keeping it pointed towards the satellite, e.g. as the mobile terminal and/or the satellite move. Disclosed is a method that may be used by the antenna controller for optimizing the pointing of the mobile antenna, the method may be based on assessing both the reception quality and the transmission quality. This method may be used for overcoming degradation, mainly to transmission quality, that may result from squints between an optimal reception direction and an optimal transmission direction associated with the mobile antenna.
Method and device for correcting antenna phase
A method for correcting antenna phases includes a beam angle calculating step, beam angle adjusting step, antenna emission measuring step and beam angle correcting step. The method involves comparing a difference between the ideal antenna phase value and the measured beam angle value, determining according to the difference that the beam direction of the antenna needs to be corrected, and adding the difference to a current ideal antenna phase value in the algorithm to calculate another ideal antenna phase value for being sent to the phase control circuit and used in executing the beam angle adjusting step in a next instance of measurement process until the beam angle correcting step finds the difference which requires no correction of the beam direction of the antenna. Therefore, temperature-dependent errors do not occur to beam directions, thereby enhancing the communication efficiency of an antenna system.
Scanning antenna and method for driving same
A scanning antenna is a scanning antenna in which antenna units U are arranged, and includes a TFT substrate including a first dielectric substrate, TFTs, a plurality of gate bus lines, source bus lines, and patch electrodes; a slot substrate including a second dielectric substrate, and a slot electrode formed on a first main surface of the second dielectric substrate; a liquid crystal layer LC provided between the TFT substrate and the slot substrate; and a reflective conductive plate provided opposing a second main surface of the second dielectric substrate opposite to the first main surface via a dielectric layer. The slot electrode includes slots arranged in correspondence with the plurality of patch electrodes, and each of the patch electrodes is connected to a drain of a corresponding TFT and is supplied with a data signal from a corresponding source bus line while selected by a scanning signal supplied from the gate bus line of the corresponding TFT. The frequency at which the polarity of the voltage applied to each of the plurality of patch electrodes is inverted is greater than or equal to 300 Hz.
Synthesized-beam RFID reader system with gain compensation and unactivated antenna element coupling suppression
A synthesized-beam transceiver system steers a beam of a two-dimensional antenna array by activating a first subset of antenna elements to orient the beam in a first direction and subsequently activating a second subset of the antenna elements to orient the beam in a different direction. The system also electrically connects antenna elements that are inactive, not in the first subset, or not in the second subset to a reference potential of the array.
Base station and antenna control method
Based on information indicating a direction of movement of a mobile station, a base station rotates a direction of a set of a first antenna and a second antenna disposed on the base station with respect to a direction of a set of a third antenna and a fourth antenna disposed on the mobile station, the third antenna and fourth antenna being symmetric with respect to a direction of movement of the mobile station.
Antenna module, MIMO antenna, and terminal
This application describes examples of antenna modules, MIMO antennas, and terminals. One example antenna module includes a clearance area, a support, and at least two branches. Each branch is disposed on the support, and a partial projection of the support on a horizontal plane falls within the clearance area, while a projection on the horizontal plane of one end that is of each branch and that is configured to connect to a feed point is outside the clearance area. A projection of a tail end on the horizontal plane is inside the clearance area.
Electronic devices with enhanced antenna performance
An electronic device is provided. The electronic device includes a metal frame, a circuit board, a first connection structure, and an antenna module. The metal frame is provided with a first contact portion extending outwardly from an inner surface of the metal frame. The first connection structure includes a first resilient piece, the first resilient piece has a first end and a second end opposite to the first end, the first end of the resilient piece is electrically coupled with the first contact portion via abutting against the first contact portion. The antenna module disposed on the circuit board is electrically coupled with the second end of the first resilient piece extending through the circuit board, and is electrically coupled with the metal frame via the first resilient piece, such that the metal frame is operable to be antenna resonating elements of the antenna module.
Near field communication antenna modules for devices with metal frame
A Near field communication (NFC) antenna and circuit modules are provided for communication terminal devices with metal frame, which aims at simplifying the implementation of the NFC antenna, and especially facilitating the application of the NFC for the devices with rear metal housing. The rear metal housing of a terminal device may be divided into three sections by the gap, the first section is metal frame, the second section is metal back shell. The metal frame as the main NFC antenna radiator, and also can be used as other microwave frequency antenna radiator. The rear metal shell connected to the motherboard ground. The NFC circuit module can transmit the NFC signal to the metal frame through different feeding methods to realize the radiation function of the NFC antenna.
Satellite television antenna system
A satellite television antenna apparatus is connectable to a remotely-located set top box (STB). The satellite television antenna apparatus can include a motorized reflector dish movable in at least one of an azimuth orientation and an elevation orientation, and an antenna control system. The antenna control system can be configured to conduct two-way communication through a physical connection or a wireless connection between the satellite television antenna apparatus and the STB.
Launch assembly for coupling EM signals between a CCU and a waveguide, where the CCU is enclosed by a cover region including transition and waveguide interface regions therein for coupling to the waveguide
Conduit structures for guiding extremely high frequency (EHF) signals are disclosed herein. The conduit structures can include EHF containment channels that define EHF signal pathways through which EHF signal energy is directed. The conduit structures can minimize or eliminate crosstalk among adjacent paths within a device and across devices. Launch structures that interface with waveguides are also disclosed herein. Launch structures can control the EHF interface impedance between a contactless communication unit and the waveguide. Waveguide structures discussed herein are designed to provide maximum bandwidth with minimal jitter over a desired distance.
Heat dissipation structure and battery provided with the same
There is provided a heat dissipation structure adaptable to various forms of a heat source, light in weight, and excellent in heat dissipation efficiency, and a battery provided with the heat dissipation structure. The present invention relates to a heat dissipation structure for enhancing heat dissipation from a heat source, including: a heat conduction sheet in a spirally wound shape for conducting heat from the heat source; a cushion member provided on an annular back surface of the heat conduction sheet, and easily deformed corresponding to a surface shape of the heat source compared to the heat conduction sheet; and a through passage penetrating in a direction in which the heat conduction sheet in the wound shape runs, and a battery provided with the same.
Cooling case for battery and battery module including the same
According to an embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a cooling case for a battery which includes a first case and a second case, and a space in which one or more of battery cells are housed, the first case including: a first coupling part configured to be coupled with the second case; and a first opening part opened therein so that one sides of battery cells housed in the cooling case are exposed to an outside, so as to cool the battery cells by a cooling member.
System and method for prolonging battery life
A system and method for prolonging a useful lifetime of an energy storage. The method includes: determining, based on a first set of test storage data of the test energy storage, a first set of test configuration parameters comprising a first maximum charge level for the test energy storage, wherein the first set of test configuration parameters corresponds to a first estimated useful life; determining, based on a second set of test storage data of the test energy storage, a second set of test configuration parameters comprising a second maximum charge level for the test energy storage, wherein the second set of test configuration parameters corresponds to a second estimated useful life; and sending, to a controller of the test energy storage, reconfiguration instructions, wherein the reconfiguration instructions are based on the second set of test configuration parameters, wherein the second estimated useful life is longer than the first estimated useful life.
Non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery
A non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery includes at least an electrode composite material layer, an intermediate layer, and an electrode current collector. The intermediate layer is arranged between the electrode composite material layer and the electrode current collector. The intermediate layer contains at least a foaming filler, a resin, and a conductive material. A value calculated by dividing an amount (mass %) of the foaming filler by an amount (mass %) of the resin is not smaller than 1.1 and not greater than 2.8 and a value calculated by dividing an amount (mass %) of the foaming filler by an amount (mass %) of the conductive material is not smaller than 8 and not greater than 14. The intermediate layer has a thickness not smaller than 2 μm and not greater than 7 μm.
Self-aligned 3D solid state thin film battery
A solid state electrochemical battery and a method of creation thereof are provided. There is a first conductive electrode on top of a substrate. There is a first polar conductor layer on top of the conductive electrode layer. A first solid electrolyte layer is on top of the first polar conductor layer. There is a second polar conductor layer on top of the first solid electrolyte layer and a second conductive electrode layer on top of the second polar conductor layer. A third polar conductor layer is on top of the second conductive electrode layer and a second solid electrolyte layer is on top of the third polar conductor layer. There is a fourth polar conductor layer on top of the second solid electrolyte layer and a third conductive electrode layer on top of the fourth polar conductor layer.
Secondary battery and method for manufacturing secondary battery
When stress is concentrated on an electrode and a tab to which a lead of the electrode is connected in a secondary battery with a curved shape, the tab might be broken. The secondary battery including a first electrode, a second electrode, a separator, a first lead, and a second lead includes a first portion, a second portion, and a third portion located between the first portion and the second portion. The first electrode overlaps with the second electrode with the separator provided therebetween in the first portion and the second portion. The first electrode is folded in the third portion so as to form a first folded portion, and the first lead is connected to the first folded portion. The second electrode is folded in the third portion so as to form a second folded portion, and the second lead is connected to the second folded portion.
Fuel cell stack
A fuel cell stack includes a coolant channel provided between a first separator of a first power generation cell among power generation cells and a second separator of a second power generation cell among the power generation cells which is adjacent to the first power generation cell. A coolant manifold is connected to the coolant channel. A coolant manifold end member is connected to the coolant manifold. The coolant manifold end member includes an air vent wall having an opening provided at an uppermost position of the coolant manifold end member in a height direction of the fuel cell stack. The coolant manifold end member includes a wall which surrounds the air vent wall and which is thinner than the air vent wall. The air vent pipe protrudes from the air vent wall. The air vent pipe and the coolant manifold end member are integrally made.
Systems and methods for regeneration of aqueous alkaline solution
This invention is directed to regeneration of solutions comprising metal ions, and production of valuable hydroxide compounds. Specifically, the invention is related to regeneration of spent electrolyte solutions comprising metal ions (e.g. Al ions), such as electrolyte solutions used in metal/air batteries. The invention is further related to production of layered double hydroxides, and, optionally aluminum tri-hydroxide from aluminate.
Partial derivative based feedback controls for pid
A system includes a fuel cell stack having a plurality of fuel cells and designed to receive a fluid and to heat the fluid. The system also includes an actuator to increase or decrease a fluid temperature of the fluid and an ECU. The ECU can determine a temperature control signal corresponding to a desired temperature of the fluid and perform a feedforward control of the actuator to increase or decrease the fluid temperature towards the desired temperature. The ECU can also determine a temperature difference between the fluid temperature and the desired temperature, and can determine a sensitivity that corresponds a change in a parameter value or the actuator position to a change in the fluid temperature. The ECU can also apply the sensitivity to the temperature difference to determine an error signal, and control the actuator based on the error signal.
Battery recycling systems and methods associated with cell sites and the like
A battery recycling method used to recycle used batteries from one or more cell sites includes uniquely identifying and marking the used batteries at the one or more cell sites; packaging and removing the used batteries from the one or more cell sites to a staging facility; packaging the used batteries from a plurality of cell sites at the staging facility with a insulation material; providing the packaged used batteries from the plurality of cell sites to a recycling facility; tracking the used batteries at each foregoing step; and providing a recycling certificate to an operator of the one or more cell sites evidencing successful recycling of the used batteries.
Fuel cell and moving body
A fuel cell includes a catalyst layer containing a polymer electrolyte and catalyst-carrying carbon. A value of an initial weight ratio of the polymer electrolyte to the catalyst-carrying carbon in the catalyst layer is set to a value that is smaller by 0.1 to 0.2 than a value of a weight ratio of the polymer electrolyte to the catalyst-carrying carbon in the catalyst layer which maximizes a maximum output of the fuel cell in a state where the polymer electrolyte is not swollen.
Carbon material for non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, negative electrode for non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, and manufacturing method for carbon material for non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery
An objet of the invention is to provide a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery superior in input-output characteristics even at a low temperature. To achieve the object, hybrid particles (carbon material) satisfying certain conditions, and composed of graphite particles and carbon particles with a primary particle size from 3 nm to 500 nm, preferably as well as amorphous carbon, are used as a negative electrode active material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, so that the input-output characteristics of a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery at a low temperature can be improved remarkably.
Carbon-silicon composite material, negative electrode, secondary battery, and carbon-silicon composite material producing method
The present invention provides a carbon-silicon composite material suitable (e.g., high capacity; small irreversible capacity; long cycle life) to be used as a negative electrode material for battery. The carbon-silicon composite material comprises a carbon black and a silicon particle, wherein the carbon black and the silicon particle are bound via a resin thermolysis product.
Positive electrode and method for making the same, and battery using the same
A method for making a positive electrode includes the following steps: dispersing a plurality of carbon nanotubes in water, to form a carbon nanotube dispersion; adding an aniline solution into the carbon nanotube dispersion, to form a mixed solution; adding an initiator into the mixed solution, to form a carbon nanotube composite structure preform; freeze-drying the carbon nanotube composite structure preform in a vacuum environment; carbonizing the carbon nanotube composite structure preform in a protective gas after freeze-drying, to form a carbon nanotube composite structure; and adding a positive electrode active material into the carbon nanotube composite structure. The present application also relates to the positive electrode and a battery including the positive electrode.
Zinc electrodes for batteries
An article having a continuous network of zinc and a continuous network of void space interpenetrating the zinc network. The zinc network is a fused, monolithic structure. A method of: providing an emulsion having a zinc powder and a liquid phase; drying the emulsion to form a sponge; annealing and/or sintering the sponge to form an annealed and/or sintered sponge; heating the annealed and/or sintered sponge in an oxidizing atmosphere to form an oxidized sponge having zinc oxide on the surface of the oxidized sponge; and electrochemically reducing the zinc oxide to form a zinc metal sponge.
Multilayer electrochemical device
A high speed deposition apparatus for the manufacture of solid state batteries. The apparatus can be used for the manufacture of solid state multilayer stacked battery devices via a vacuum deposition process. In various embodiments, the manufacturing apparatus can include a containment vessel, a reactor region, a process region, a work piece, one or more vacuum chambers, and an energy source. A complete stack of battery layers can be manufactured in a single vacuum cycle, having background gas, pressure, and deposition rate optimized and controlled for the deposition of each layer. The work piece can include a drum and a substrate, which can be a commercial polymer or metallic web, that are temperature controlled. Masks can be used to delineate or shape layers within the multi-layer stacked electrochemical device manufactured by embodiments of the apparatus.
Liquid powered assembly
A liquid powered assembly including a housing; a removable bottom base; a seal; an electrolyte battery assembly; and, a liquid powered device is described. The housing includes an upper end portion and a lower end portion. The housing has a volume for containing an electrolyte solution. The lower end portion has a fluid inlet. The removable bottom base has a bottom surface for supporting the liquid powered assembly. A seal engages the housing and the removable bottom base to help contain the liquid. An electrolyte battery assembly is positioned within the housing. A liquid powered device is operably attached to the electrolyte battery assembly. To function, the housing and the removable bottom base are detached relative to each other and the housing is turned substantially upside down to allow filling of the housing via the inlet. The bottom base is then attached to the housing and the assembly is then inverted for use.
Battery and battery pack
A battery includes an electrode body, a case, a positive electrode external terminal, a negative electrode external terminal, an insulator, and a connection bolt, and at least one external terminal of the positive electrode external terminal and the negative electrode external terminal includes an attachment portion and a plate portion. The connection bolt includes a bar-shaped body portion and a flange portion disposed at one end of the bar-shaped body portion, and is fastened to the plate portion in a state in which at least a portion of a roof portion of the insulator is fitted between the flange portion and the plate portion.
Secondary battery having improved output characteristics
A secondary battery having improved output characteristics is disclosed. The secondary battery according to the present invention accommodates a cell assembly including a plurality of cells connected in parallel, and an electrolyte together in one package, in which positive electrodes of a plurality of central cells disposed at a central part of the cell assembly have a loading energy density higher than that of positive electrodes of a plurality of side cells disposed at a side part, and the positive electrodes of the central cells have positive electrode material coating layers formed at surfaces thereof, which are thicker than those formed at surfaces of the positive electrodes of the side cells. Preferably, the total resistance of the side cells is lower than the total resistance of the central cells.
Ultra high melt temperature microporous high temperature battery separators and related methods
Disclosed or provided are non-shutdown high melt temperature or ultra high melt temperature microporous battery separators, high melt temperature separators, battery separators, membranes, composites, and the like that preferably prevent contact between the anode and cathode when the battery is maintained at elevated temperatures for a period of time and preferably continue to provide a substantial level of battery function (ionic transfer, discharge) when the battery is maintained at elevated temperatures for a period of time, methods of making, testing and/or using such separators, membranes, composites, and the like, and/or batteries, high temperature batteries, and/or Lithium-ion rechargeable batteries including one or more such separators, membranes, composites, and the like.
Array frame mounting inserts for securing battery assemblies
A battery pack includes an array frame having a fastener housing, a mounting insert positioned within the fastener housing, and a column bolt extending through the mounting insert. The mounting insert may be secured to a battery pack enclosure structure using one or more fasteners.
End plate for battery module and battery module
The disclosure relates to an end plate and a battery module. The end plate comprises an end plate body, which has an inner surface and an outer surface that are opposed in a thickness direction of the end plate body, the outer surface is engaged with a fixing band for the battery module; and a limiting assembly, which is disposed on the outer surface, the limiting assembly includes a fixed clamping member and a movable clamping member which are spaced apart from each other in a height direction of the end plate body and are used in cooperation with each other. A clamping space is formed between the fixed clamping member and the movable clamping member. The movable clamping member can make room for the fixing band so that the fixing band enters the clamping space by the movable clamping member and is limited within the clamping space.
Portable modular energy storage
In one embodiment, a system for deploying batteries, for example in an electric vehicle, includes a battery belt for mechanically linking multiple batteries together, a conduit having one or more operational zones each with an output, the operational zones each establishing an electrical connection between the output and batteries in the operational zone, and an actuator for selectively moving batteries into and out of the operational zones. Resting zones may also be provided. The batteries can be connected in series or in parallel and can be individually removed and replaced by an exchanger.
Packaging film for battery and manufacturing method thereof
The invention discloses a packaging film for a battery. The packaging film for the battery comprises an electrolyte-resistant layer, a protective layer, and a high-rigidity material layer. The high-rigidity material layer is located between the electrolyte-resistant layer and the protective layer. The high-rigidity material layer comprises a substrate layer and at least one cermet film. The substrate layer has two surfaces facing the electrolyte-resistant layer and the protective layer respectively. The at least one cermet film is located on at least one of the two surfaces of the substrate layer.
Non-electrical battery based on plastic strings and membranes
A non-electrical battery can include a backing plate; a plurality of strings disposed in parallel relation on the backing plate, each string comprising a first end and a second end, wherein the first end of each string is attached to the backing plate and each string extends away from the backing plate; and a charging mechanism attached to the second end of each string to apply a force to the strings to increase a potential energy stored by the strings.
Display device having pixel including a first region in which a pixel circuit is disposed
A display device includes: a substrate including a pixel region and a peripheral region; a plurality of pixels provided in the pixel region, the plurality of pixels including first, second, and third sub-pixels each including a light emitting region; a light emitting element disposed in the light emitting region of each of the first, second, and third sub-pixels; a pixel circuit disposed in each of the first, second, and third sub-pixels, the pixel circuit configured to drive the light emitting element, wherein each pixel includes a first region in which the pixel circuit is disposed and a second region except the first region, wherein the light emitting element disposed in the first sub-pixel overlaps with the pixel circuit, and the light emitting element disposed in the second sub-pixel is disposed in the second region.
Device with light emitting element
A device with light emitting elements can prevent interfacial peeling of a plurality of layers. The device with light emitting elements includes: a substrate including an emission area in which the light emitting elements are arranged and a non-emission area that surrounds the emission area; a first organic film that covers the emission area and has a first modulus of elasticity; a second organic film that is disposed on the first organic film and has a second modulus of elasticity which is greater than the first modulus of elasticity; and a metal film that is disposed on the second organic film and has a third modulus of elasticity which is greater than the second modulus of elasticity.
A display device including a light emitting element including a first electrode, a light emitting layer and a plurality of organic layers including a hole transport layer above the first electrode, and a second electrode above the plurality of organic layers, and an insulation layer having an opening part exposing a part of the first electrode and covering a periphery side part of the first electrode, wherein when a hole mobility of the light emitting layer is μh1 and a hole mobility of the hole transport layer is μh2 then μ h 2 μ h 1 ≦ 10 3 and when a periphery length of the part of the first electrode exposed by the opening part is L and an area of the first electrode exposed by the opening part is S0 then L S 0 ≧ 0.07
Crosslinked emissive layer containing quantum dots for light-emitting device and method for making same
A light-emitting device includes an anode; a cathode; and an emissive layer disposed between the anode and the cathode, the emissive layer including quantum dots dispersed in a crosslinked matrix formed from one or more crosslinkable charge transport materials. A method of forming the emissive layer of a light-emitting device includes depositing a mixture including quantum dots and one or more crosslinkable charge transport materials on a layer; and subjecting at least a portion of the mixture to UV activation to form an emissive layer including quantum dots dispersed in a crosslinked matrix.
Flexible display device and manufacturing method thereof
The present disclosure relates to a flexible display device, including at least two non-bending regions and at least one bendable region configured between the two adjacent non-bending regions. A stress buffering layer is configured on the bendable region. The stress buffering layer is configured to buffer a stress generated from the flexible display device when the flexible display device is in a bending state to maintain the flexible display device to be in a stable state, so as to simplified the structure of the flexible display device. The present disclosure further relates to a manufacturing method of the flexible display device.
Charge-transporting varnish, and organic electroluminescent element
Provided are: a charge-transporting varnish that contains a charge-transporting substance comprising an oligoaniline derivative represented by formula (1), a charge transporting substance that does not contain fluorine atoms, and an organic solvent; and an organic electroluminescent element including a thin film obtained from the varnish. (In the formula: R1 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group that may be substituted; R2 to R10 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a nitro group, a cyano group, or an alkyl group, alkenyl group, alkynyl group, aryl group or heteroaryl group that may be substituted; A represents a prescribed fluorine atom-containing substituent; and k represents an integer from 1 to 20.)
Resistance change memory device having amorphous carbon structure and method of manufacturing the same
There is disclosed a resistance change memory device according to an aspect of the present disclosure. The resistance change memory device includes a first electrode layer and a second electrode layer that are disposed to be spaced apart from each other, and a resistance change material layer disposed between the first and second electrode layers and including an amorphous carbon structure. The resistance change material layer includes an impurity element adhering to the amorphous carbon structure, and the impurity element has a concentration gradient along a thickness direction of the resistance change material layer.
Self-gating resistive storage device having resistance transition layer in vertical trench in stacked structure of insulating dielectric layers and electrodes
Provided are a self-gating resistive storage device and a method for fabrication thereof; said self-gating resistive storage device comprises: lower electrodes; insulating dielectric layers arranged perpendicular to, and intersecting with, the lower electrodes to form a stacked structure, said stacked structure being provided with a vertical trench; a gating layer grown on the lower electrodes by means of self-alignment technique, the interlayer leakage channel running through the gating layer being isolated via the insulating dielectric layers; a resistance transition layer arranged in the vertical trench and connected to the insulating dielectric layers and the gating layer; and an upper electrode arranged in the resistance transition layer. In the storage device provided by the described technical solution, the gating layer is grown on the lower electrodes by means of self-alignment technique, such that the interlayer leakage channel running through the gating layer is isolated via the insulating dielectric layers; thus leakage between the upper and lower word lines through the gating layer is prevented, solving the technical problem in the prior art of leakage between the upper and lower word lines in a self-gating resistive storage device, and improving the reliability of the device.
A semiconductor device includes: a first switch that uses a first selection signal and a second selection signal to select one of a first voltage and a third voltage or a second voltage and a fourth voltage from the first voltage, the second voltage lower than the first voltage, the third voltage lower than the first voltage, and the fourth voltage lower than the third voltage; a second switch that selects one of a first input signal or a second input signal from the first input signal being the first voltage or the third voltage and the second input signal being the second voltage or the fourth voltage; a third switch that outputs the third voltage in a case where the first voltage and the third voltage are selected by the first switch and the first input signal, which is the first voltage, is selected by the second switch, outputs the first voltage in a case where the first voltage and the third voltage are selected by the first switch and the first input signal, which is the third voltage, is selected by the second switch, outputs the second voltage in a case where the second voltage and the fourth voltage are selected by the first switch and the second input signal, which is the second voltage, is selected by the second switch, and outputs the fourth voltage in a case where the second voltage and the fourth voltage are selected by the first switch and the second input signal, which is the fourth voltage, is selected by the second switch; a fourth switch that outputs the first voltage in a case where the third voltage is output from the third switch, outputs the third voltage in a case where the first voltage is output from the third switch, outputs the fourth voltage in a case where the second voltage is output from the third switch, and outputs the second voltage in a case where the fourth voltage is output from the third switch; and a control circuit that controls the first switch, the second switch, the third switch and the fourth switch.
Phase change memory with gradual resistance change
A phase change memory cell is provided that includes a phase change material-containing structure sandwiched between first and second electrodes. The phase change material-containing structure has a resistance that changes gradually, and thus may be used in analog or neuromorphic computing. The phase change material-containing structure may contain a plurality of phase change material pillars, wherein each phase change material pillar has a different phase change material composition. Alternatively, the phase change material-containing structure may contain a doped phase change material layer in which a dopant concentration decreases laterally inward from an outermost surface thereof.
Method for manufacturing magnetic tunnel junction pillars using photolithographically directed block copolymer self-assembly and organometallic gas infusion
A method for manufacturing a magnetic random access memory array at a density greater than would be possible using photolithography. A template is formed having a pattern that is configured to define a memory array. A block copolymer material is deposited onto the template and annealed to form narrow cylinders of ordered block copolymer material. A metal oxide is then diffused into the cylinders to form narrow metal oxide cylinders. The metal oxide cylinders can then be used as mask structures to pattern a hard mask layer. An ion milling process can then be performed to transfer the image of the patterned hard mask onto an underlying magnetic memory material to form an array having features sizes smaller than what would be possible using photolithography.
Skyrmion stack memory device
A memory device includes a memory stack formed on a substrate to program skyrmions within at least one layer of the stack. The skyrmions represent logic states of the memory device. The memory stack further includes a top and bottom electrode to receive electrical current from an external source and to provide the electrical current to the memory stack. A free layer stores a logic state of the skyrmions in response to the electrical current. A Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) Interaction (DMI) layer in contact with the free layer induces skyrmions in the free layer. A tunnel barrier is interactive with the DMI layer to facilitate detection of the logic state of the skyrmions in response to a read current. At least one fixed magnetic (FM) layer is positioned within the memory stack to facilitate programming of the skyrmions within the free layer in response to the electrical current.
Prevention of switching of spins in magnetic tunnel junctions by on-chip parasitic magnetic shield
Techniques for preventing switching of spins in a magnetic tunnel junction by stray magnetic fields using a thin film magnetic shield are provided. In one aspect, a method of forming a magnetic tunnel junction includes: forming a stack on a substrate, having a first magnetic layer, a tunnel barrier, and a second magnetic layer; etching the stack to partially pattern the magnetic tunnel junction in the stack, wherein the etching includes patterning the magnetic tunnel junction through the second magnetic layer, the tunnel barrier, and partway through the first magnetic layer; depositing a first spacer and a magnetic shield film onto the partially patterned magnetic tunnel junction; etching back the magnetic shield film and first spacer; complete etching of the magnetic tunnel junction through the first magnetic layer to form a fully patterned magnetic tunnel junction; and depositing a second spacer onto the fully patterned magnetic tunnel junction.
Piezoelectric composition, methods and applications thereof
The present disclosure relates to piezoelectric compositions of Formula I comprising Lead Zirconate—Lead Titanate solid solution. The disclosure further relates to a method of obtaining said composition, method of preparing/fabricating piezoelectric component(s) and piezoelectric component(s)/article(s) obtained thereof. The piezoelectric composition and articles of the present disclosure show excellent electromechanical characteristics along with very large insulation resistance (IR).
System and method for nanowire-array transverse thermoelectrics
A transverse thermoelectric includes a first array of hole-conducting nanowires and a second array of electron-conducting nanowires positioned orthogonal to the first array of nanowires. A substrate provides structure to the first array of nanowires and the second array of nanowires.
Light emitting diode chip and apparatus with reduced screen defect
A light emitting diode chip and a light emitting diode display apparatus comprising the same, are disclosed in which a screen defect caused by a defect of the light emitting diode chip is minimized. The light emitting diode chip comprises a semiconductor substrate; first and second light emitting diodes provided on the semiconductor substrate in parallel with each other while having first and second pads; a first electrode commonly connected to the first pad of each of the first and second light emitting diodes; and a second electrode commonly connected to the second pad of each of the first and second light emitting diodes, wherein the first and second light emitting diodes are electrically connected to each other in parallel.
A vehicle lamp includes a substrate. A first conductor is positioned on the substrate. A dielectric layer is coupled to the first conductor. A semiconductor layer is configured to emit a first light. A second conductor is coupled to the semiconductor layer. A polymeric layer comprising a photoluminescent element coupled to the second conductor. The photoluminescent element is configured to emit a second light in response to receiving the first light.
Semiconductor layer sequence having pre- and post-barrier layers and quantum wells
In an embodiment a semiconductor layer sequence includes a pre-barrier layer including AlGaN, a pre-quantum well including InGaN having a first band gap, a multi-quantum well structure including a plurality of alternating main quantum wells of InGaN having a second band gap and main barrier layers of AlGaN or AlInGaN, wherein the second band gap is smaller than the first band gap and the main quantum wells are configured to generate a radiation having a wavelength of maximum intensity between 365 nm and 490 nm inclusive, a post-quantum well with a third band gap which is larger than the second band gap, a post-barrier layer including AlGaN or AlInGaN and an electron-blocking layer including AlGaN.
Photovoltaic devices and method of making
Embodiments of a photovoltaic device are provided herein. The photovoltaic device can include a layer stack and an absorber layer disposed on the layer stack. The absorber layer can include a first region and a second region. Each of the first region of the absorber layer and the second region of the absorber layer can include a compound comprising cadmium, selenium, and tellurium. An atomic concentration of selenium can vary across the absorber layer. The first region of the absorber layer can have a thickness between 100 nanometers to 3000 nanometers. The second region of the absorber layer can have a thickness between 100 nanometers to 3000 nanometers. A ratio of an average atomic concentration of selenium in the first region of the absorber layer to an average atomic concentration of selenium in the second region of the absorber layer can be greater than 10.
A germanium photodetector which reduces a dark current without degradation of a photocurrent includes: a silicon substrate; a lower clad layer formed on the silicon substrate; a core layer formed on the lower clad layer; a p-type silicon slab formed in a part of the core layer and doped with a p-type impurity ion; p++ silicon electrode sections that are highly-doped with a p-type impurity and act as an electrode; and germanium layers which absorb light. The germanium photodetector further includes an upper clad layer, an n-type germanium region doped with an n-type impurity above the germanium layer, and an electrode. According to the present invention, two germanium layers are provided on the p-type silicon slab so as to miniaturize the area of the surface of the individual germanium layer in contact with the p-type silicon slab, so that the dark current due to threading dislocation can be reduced.
Solar photovoltaic assembly
The present invention relates to a solar photovoltaic assembly. The solar photovoltaic assembly, according to the invention, includes a solar panel, an input junction box, and an output junction box. The input junction box includes a first diode, a first electric connection body connected to the first diode, and first foils respectively spliced with the first electric connection body. The input junction box is positioned on a side of the second solar panel. The output junction box includes a second diode, a second electric connection body connected to the second diode, and second foils respectively spliced with the second electric connection body. The output second junction box positioned on another side of the solar panel. The input junction box mechanically and electrically connects to a second output junction box on a connecting solar panel using a cable.
Coextruded solar panel backsheet and method of manufacture
An improved backsheet used in the construction of solar panels is disclosed. A method of manufacturing the backsheet and solar panel comprising the backsheet, including coextrusion processes are also disclosed. Additionally, a photovoltaic solar panel module comprising the backsheet of the invention is disclosed. The backsheet of the instant invention may comprise an exterior layer having inner and outer surfaces, a middle layer, having inner and outer surfaces, and an interior layer having inner and outer surfaces. In one embodiment of the invention, the outer surface of the middle layer may be adjoined to the inner surface of the exterior layer, and the inner surface of the middle layer may be adjoined to the outer surface of the interior layer. The exterior layer, middle layer, and interior layer may be adjoined via a co-extrusion process, thereby eliminating the need for the use of adhesives for bonding the layers of the backsheet together. The backsheet of the invention improves upon the efficiency, strength, weather resistance, cost, and useful life of the solar panels in which the backsheet is incorporated.
Integrated photodetector waveguide structure with alignment tolerance
An encapsulated integrated photodetector waveguide structures with alignment tolerance and methods of manufacture are disclosed. The method includes forming a waveguide structure bounded by one or more shallow trench isolation (STI) structure(s). The method further includes forming a photodetector fully landed on the waveguide structure.
SiC wide trench-type junction barrier Schottky diode and manufacturing method therefor
Disclosed is a SiC wide trench-type junction barrier Schottky diode. The Schottky diode includes a SiC N− epitaxial layer formed on a SiC N+-type substrate and a Schottky metal layer having a planar Schottky metal pattern layer and a downwardly depressed trench-type Schottky metal pattern layer, which are alternately formed at predetermined intervals and on the upper end part of the SiC N− epitaxial layer. The Schottky diode includes a P+ junction pattern formed so as to permeate from the lower part of the trench-type Schottky metal pattern layer to the SiC N− epitaxial layer and a cathode electrode formed on the lower part of the SiC N+-type substrate. The width of the P+ junction pattern is narrower than the width of the trench-type Schottky metal pattern layer, and the P+ junction pattern is not formed on a side wall vertical surface region of the trench-type Schottky metal pattern layer.
Pressure sensor and pressure sensor module
A pressure sensor includes a base including an accommodation portion, a pressure sensor element disposed in the accommodation portion, and a lead portion electrically-connected to the pressure sensor element, including a terminal portion provided along a lower surface of the base, and being exposed to an outside of the base, where the terminal portion includes a recessed groove portion provided on a second surface which is an opposite surface of a first surface facing the body, and where the recessed groove portion divides at the second surface, a first region including a tip of the terminal portion and a second region next to the first region and away from the tip of the terminal portion.
Non-volatile memory device and method for manufacturing the same
A non-volatile memory device and its manufacturing method are provided. The non-volatile memory device includes a tunneling oxide layer, a floating gate, a dielectric layer, and a control gate. The tunneling oxide layer is formed on a substrate. The floating gate is formed on the tunneling oxide layer, and includes a first polysilicon layer, a second polysilicon layer, and a nitrogen dopant. A grain of the first polysilicon layer has a first grain size, and a grain of the second polysilicon layer has a second grain size that is greater than the first grain size. The nitrogen dopant is formed in interstices between the grains of the first polysilicon layer. The dielectric layer includes a first nitride film, an oxide layer, a nitride layer, and an oxide layer conformally formed on the floating gate. The control gate is formed on the dielectric layer.
Thin film transistor and method for manufacturing the same, array substrate and display device
A thin film transistor includes a gate, an active layer, a source, a drain. The source includes a connecting portion, a first sub-portion, a second sub-portion, and a third sub-portion that are arranged sequentially and in parallel. At first ends of the sub-portions, the connecting portion is connected to the portions to form two adjacent recesses. At second ends of the sub-portions, the distance from an end of the second sub-portion to the connecting portion is smaller than a distance from an end of the first sub-portion to the connecting portion and a distance from an end of the third sub-portion to the connecting portion. The drain includes a connecting block, a first drain and a second drain disposed in the two recesses respectively, and at least a portion of the connecting block is disposed between the first and the second drains to connect the first and the second drains.
Split-gate enhanced power MOS device
A split-gate enhanced power MOS device includes a substrate and an epitaxial layer formed on an upper surface of the substrate. A control gate trench is provided in the epitaxial layer. The control gate trench includes a gate electrode and a split-gate electrode. The gate electrode includes a first gate electrode and a second gate electrode. The first gate electrode and the second gate electrode are located in an upper half portion of the control gate trench and are separated by a first dielectric layer. The first gate electrode and the second gate electrode are located above the split-gate electrode and are separated from the split-gate electrode by a second dielectric layer. The first gate electrode and the second gate electrode are separated from a body region in the epitaxial layer by a gate dielectric.
CMOS compatible device based on four-terminal switching lattices
The invention relates to a device, named four-terminal switch, and a switching lattice comprising four-terminal switches. A four-terminal switch operates and can be fabricated according to the principles of complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology. However, it has four source/drain terminals as opposed to two terminals in conventional MOS devices; it is able to conduct current in two dimensions between four terminals as opposed to one-dimensional current flow in conventional MOS devices; and it is able to form dense switching lattice structures for area efficiency.
Enhancement mode gallium nitride based transistor device and manufacturing method thereof
An enhancement mode GaN transistor is provided, which includes a GaN layer, a quantum well structure, a gate, a source a drain and a first barrier layer. The quantum well structure is disposed on the upper surface of the GaN layer. The gate is disposed on the quantum well structure. The source is disposed on one end of the upper surface of the GaN layer. The drain is disposed on the other end of the upper surface of the GaN layer. The first barrier layer is disposed on the upper surface of the GaN layer and extends to the lateral surfaces of the quantum well structure.
A semiconductor device includes a drift layer, a base layer, a collector layer, gate insulating films, gate electrodes, an emitter region, a first electrode and a second electrode. The base layer is provided on the drift layer. The drift layer is provided between the base layer and the collector layer. The gate insulating films are respectively provided on wall surfaces of trenches penetrating the base layer to reach the drift layer. The gate electrodes are respectively provided on the gate insulating films. The emitter region is provided in a surface layer portion of the base layer, and is in contact with the trenches. The first electrode is electrically coupled with the base layer and the emitter region. The second electrode is electrically coupled with the collector layer. Some gate electrodes are applied with a gate voltage. Other gate electrodes are electrically coupled to the first electrode.
OTP-MTP on FDSOI architecture and method for producing the same
Methods of forming a compact FDSOI OTP/MTP cell and a compact FinFET OTP/MTP cell and the resulting devices are provided. Embodiments include forming a SOI region or a fin over a BOX layer over a substrate; forming a first and a second gate stack, laterally separated, over respective portions of the SOI region or the fin; forming a first and a second liner along each first and second sidewall and of the first and the second gate stack, respectively, the second sidewall over respective portions of the SOI region or the fin; forming a spacer on each first and second liner; forming a S/D region in the SOI region or the fin between the first and the second gate stack; forming a CA over the S/D region; utilizing each gate of the first gate stack and the second gate stack as a WL; and connecting a BL to the CA.
Product method of thin-film transistor, thin-film transistor, display apparatus, and fingerprint recognition unit
This disclosure discloses a production method of a thin-film transistor, a thin-film transistor, a display apparatus, and a fingerprint recognition unit. Said method comprises the steps of: sequentially depositing a metal layer and an indium zinc oxide layer as a protective layer on a substrate; etching the metal layer and the indium zinc oxide layer to form a first electrode and a second electrode of a photosensitive device; and forming a photoelectric semiconductor of the photosensitive device on the first electrode.
Trench transistors and methods with low-voltage-drop shunt to body diode
Methods and systems for power semiconductor devices integrating multiple trench transistors on a single chip. Multiple power transistors (or active regions) are paralleled, but one transistor has a lower threshold voltage. This reduces the voltage drop when the transistor is forward-biased. In an alternative embodiment, the power device with lower threshold voltage is simply connected as a depletion diode, to thereby shunt the body diodes of the active transistors, without affecting turn-on and ON-state behavior.
FinFET device and method of manufacture
A semiconductor device includes a fin extending from an upper surface of a substrate, a gate stack disposed over the fin, a first dielectric material disposed on a sidewall of the gate stack, an epitaxy region disposed adjacent the fin, a second dielectric material disposed on the epitaxy region and on a sidewall of the first dielectric material, wherein the second dielectric material has a greater thickness in a first portion over the epitaxy region than in a second portion over the epitaxy region disposed closer to the substrate than the first portion, a third dielectric material disposed on the second dielectric material, and a conductive feature extending through the third dielectric material and the second dielectric material to contact the epitaxy region.
Ferroelectric-based field-effect transistor with threshold voltage switching for enhanced on-state and off-state performance
Techniques are disclosed herein for ferroelectric-based field-effect transistors (FETs) with threshold voltage (VT) switching for enhanced RF switch transistor on-state and off-state performance. Employing a ferroelectric gate dielectric layer that can switch between two ferroelectric states enables a higher VT during the transistor off-state (VT,hi) and a lower VT during the transistor on-state (VT,lo). Accordingly, the transistor on-state resistance (Ron) can be maintained low due to the available relatively high gate overdrive (Vg,on−VT,lo) while still handling a relatively high maximum RF power in the transistor off-state due to the high VT,hi−Vg,off value. Thus, the Ron of an RF switch transistor can be improved without sacrificing maximum RF power, and/or vice versa, the maximum RF power can be improved without sacrificing the Ron. A ferroelectric layer (e.g., including HfxZryO) can be formed between a transistor gate dielectric layer and gate electrode to achieve such benefits.
Transistor device with a field electrode that includes two layers
Disclosed is a transistor device and a method for producing a transistor device. The transistor device includes: a source region, a drift region, and a body region arranged between the source region and the drift region; a gate electrode adjacent the body region and dielectrically insulated from the body region by a gate dielectric; and a field electrode adjacent the drift region and dielectrically insulated from the drift region by a field electrode dielectric. The field electrode includes first and second layers.
Semiconductor device having polysilicon field plate for power MOSFETs
A semiconductor device includes a substrate including a semiconductor surface layer. A field plate (FP) includes a trench in the semiconductor surface layer filled with a single polysilicon layer positioned on at least one side of a power metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistor (power MOSFET). The power MOSFET includes a dielectric liner lining a sidewall of the trench under the polysilicon layer including a second dielectric liner on a first dielectric liner. An upper portion of the dielectric liner has a lower dielectric thickness as compared to a dielectric thickness on its lower portion. The single polysilicon layer extends continuously over the dielectric liner along both the lower portion and the upper portion. The power MOSFET includes a drain including a drain contact below a vertical drift region in the semiconductor surface layer, and a gate, body and a source above the vertical drift region.
Semiconductor device structure and method of manufacture
This disclosure relates to a semiconductor device structure and method of manufacturing a semiconductor device. The semiconductor device structure comprises a semiconductor substrate having an edge region laterally separated from a device region; an edge termination structure arranged on the semiconductor substrate; wherein the edge termination structure comprises: a first oxide layer arranged on the substrate to extend from the active region to the edge region; an isolation layer arranged on top of the first oxide layer; and a metal layer arranged to at least partially cover the isolation layer and wherein the metal layer is further arranged to extend from the isolation layer to contact the edge region.
Field-effect transistors with airgaps
Structures that integrate airgaps with a field-effect transistor and methods for forming a field-effect transistor with integrated airgaps. A first semiconductor layer is formed on a substrate, and a second semiconductor layer is formed over the first semiconductor layer. A source/drain region of a field-effect transistor is formed in the second semiconductor layer. An airgap is located in the first semiconductor layer, The airgap is arranged in a vertical direction between the source/drain region and the substrate.
Integrated trench capacitor formed in an epitaxial layer
A trench capacitor includes at least one epitaxial semiconductor surface layer on a semiconductor substrate having a doping level that is less than a doping level of the semiconductor substrate. A plurality of trenches are formed through at least one half of a thickness of the epitaxial semiconductor surface layer. The epitaxial semiconductor surface layer is thicker than a depth of the plurality of trenches. At least one capacitor dielectric layer lines a surface of the trenches. At least one trench fill layer on the dielectric layer fills the trenches.
Semiconductor device having resistance elements and fabrication method thereof
A semiconductor device includes as a resistance element a first polycrystalline silicon and a second polycrystalline silicon containing impurities, such as boron, of the same kind and having different widths. The first polycrystalline silicon contains the impurities at a concentration CX. The second polycrystalline silicon has a width larger than a width of the first polycrystalline silicon and contains the impurities of the same kind at a concentration CY lower than the concentration CX. A sign of a temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) of the first polycrystalline silicon changes at the concentration CX. A sign of a TCR of the second polycrystalline silicon changes at the concentration CY.
Light emitting element display device
A display device includes two or more transistors in one pixel, and the two or more transistors include a first transistor of which a channel semiconductor layer is polycrystalline silicon, and a second transistor of which a channel semiconductor layer is an oxide semiconductor.
Display device having an emitting area and a reflecting area
A display device serving as a mirror in a non-display state is provided. The display device may include a reflective pattern and a half-mirror layer which are disposed on an upper substrate opposite to a lower substrate. The half-mirror layer may be disposed side by side with the reflective pattern. Thereby, a discontinuous appearance of the reflective image may be reduced, and the degradation of the reflective image due to the diffraction of the light may be prevented or reduced.
Flexible display device including a sacrificial layer
A method of manufacturing a flexible display device includes forming a base substrate on a first sacrificial layer formed on a first supporting substrate, forming a display device array on the base substrate, forming a second sacrificial layer on a second supporting substrate, forming a touch array on the second sacrificial layer, adhering the first supporting substrate onto the second supporting substrate using an adhesive, irradiating laser energy onto the first sacrificial layer to remove the first sacrificial layer and separate the first supporting substrate from the base substrate, and irradiating laser energy onto the second sacrificial layer to separate interfaces of the second supporting substrate and the second sacrificial layer from each other, such that the second sacrificial layer is fixed on the touch array. The second sacrificial layer includes at least one of oxidized molybdenum, lead zirconate titanate, gallium nitride, and an amorphous silicon based inorganic material.
An electronic device can include: a pixel array layer disposed on a substrate and including a plurality of pixels, each of the plurality of pixels including a thin film transistor and an organic light emitting device; an encapsulation layer covering the pixel array layer; a shielding layer disposed on the encapsulation layer; and a touch sensing layer disposed on the shielding layer to sense coordinates of a touch input, in which the touch sensing layer includes a pressure response member for sensing a touch force of the touch input.
Variable resistance memory devices
There is provided a variable resistance memory device including a first electrode line layer including first electrode lines extending in a first direction and spaced apart from each other on a substrate, a second electrode line layer that is above the first electrode line layer and including second electrode lines extending in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction and spaced apart from each other, and a memory cell layer including memory cells between the first electrode line layer and the second electrode line layer. Each of the memory cells includes a selection device layer, an intermediate electrode layer, and a variable resistance layer. A first insulating layer is between the first electrode lines, a second insulating layer is between the memory cells, and a third insulating layer is between the second electrode lines. The second insulating layer includes air gaps on side surfaces of the memory cells.
Redundancy in inorganic light emitting diode displays
Methods and apparatus for use in the manufacture of a display device including pixels. Each pixel includes a plurality of sub-pixels, each sub-pixel configured to provide light of a given wavelength. The method may include: performing, using a pick up tool (PUT), a first placement cycle comprising picking up first light emitting diode (LED) dies, and placing a first LED die on a substrate of the display device at a location corresponding to a sub-pixel the display device. The method further includes performing one or more subsequent placement cycles comprising picking up a second LED die, and placing the second LED die on the substrate of the display device at a second location corresponding to the sub-pixel of the display device. Multiple first and second LED dies may be picked and placed during each placement cycle to populate each pixel of the display device to provide redundancy of LED dies at each sub-pixel.
Image sensor and image capture device
A first circuit layer including a first semiconductor substrate with photoelectric conversion unit that photoelectrically converts incident light and generates charge, and a first wiring layer with wiring that reads out signal based upon charge generated by the photoelectric conversion unit; second circuit layer including a second wiring layer with wiring connected to the wiring of the first wiring layer, and a second semiconductor substrate with a through electrode connected to the wiring of the second wiring layer; third circuit layer including a third semiconductor substrate with a through electrode connected to the through electrode of the second circuit layer, and third wiring layer with wiring connected to the through electrode of the third semiconductor substrate; and a fourth circuit layer including a fourth wiring layer with wiring connected to the wiring of the third wiring layer, and fourth semiconductor substrate connected to the wiring of the fourth wiring layer.
Imaging apparatus and method for driving the same
An imaging apparatus includes a pixel region having a plurality of unit pixels arranged in a matrix, each of the unit pixels including first and second photoelectric conversion units, a reading controller configured to read first signals obtained by mixing signals output from the first and second photoelectric conversion units in rows of a first reading mode and read second signals at least including signals of the first photoelectric conversion units and third signals at least including signals of the second photoelectric conversion units in rows of a second reading mode, and an OB clamp processor configured to correct signals in the unit pixels included in an opening region in the pixel region based on signals output from the unit pixels included in a light shielding region in the pixel region. The OB clamp processor performs one of various correction processes depending on an imaging condition.
Backside illuminated image sensor with three-dimensional transistor structure and forming method thereof
A method for forming a backside illuminated image sensor with a three-dimensional transistor structure is provided, where forming a gate of the three-dimensional transistor structure includes: forming a source follower transistor and/or a reset transistor with a three-dimensional transistor structure, wherein the source follower transistor and/or the reset transistor correspond to a protruding structure; and forming an insulating sidewall around the protruding structure, forming a groove between the insulating sidewall and a channel region of a transistor corresponding to the protruding structure, and forming a gate of the transistor in the groove, wherein the gate of the transistor is isolated by the insulating sidewall.
Imaging element package and camera module having a slit formed in an adhesive connecting a flexible substrate and another member to address differences in linear expansion coefficients
The present technology relates to an imaging element package and a camera module capable of improving reliability. An imaging element package includes a flexible substrate, an imaging element connected to a first surface of the flexible substrate, and a member, bonded to a second surface of the flexible substrate opposite to the first surface with an adhesive, having a linear expansion coefficient different from the flexible substrate, in which in a portion of the adhesive, a slit is formed which intersects with a direction from the imaging element toward an end of the flexible substrate as viewed from a direction perpendicular to the flexible substrate. The present technology is applied to a camera module.
Solid-state imaging device, method of manufacturing solid-state imaging device, and electronic apparatus
A solid-state imaging device including an imaging area where a plurality of unit pixels are disposed to capture a color image, wherein each of the unit pixels includes: a plurality of photoelectric conversion portions; a plurality of transfer gates, each of which is disposed in each of the photoelectric conversion portions to transfer signal charges from the photoelectric conversion portion; and a floating diffusion to which the signal charges are transferred from the plurality of the photoelectric conversion portions by the plurality of the transfer gates, wherein the plurality of the photoelectric conversion portions receive light of the same color to generate the signal charges, and wherein the signal charges transferred from the plurality of the photoelectric conversion portions to the floating diffusion are added to be output as an electrical signal.
Semiconductor crystal substrate, infrared detector, method for producing semiconductor crystal substrate, and method for producing infrared detector
A semiconductor crystal substrate includes a crystal substrate that is formed of a material including one of GaSb and InAs, a first buffer layer that is formed on the crystal substrate and formed of a material including GaSb, and a second buffer layer that is formed on the first buffer layer and formed of a material including GaSb. The first buffer layer has a p-type conductivity, and the second buffer layer has an n-type conductivity.
Thin-film negative differential resistance and neuronal circuit
A method is presented for forming a monolithically integrated semiconductor device. The method includes forming a first device including first hydrogenated silicon-based contacts formed on a first portion of a semiconductor material of an insulating substrate and forming a second device including second hydrogenated silicon-based contacts formed on a second portion of the semiconductor material of the insulating substrate. Source and drain contacts of the first device are formed before a gate contact of the first device and a gate contact of the second device is formed before the emitter and collector contacts of the second device. The first device can be a heterojunction field effect transistor (HJFET) and the second device can be a (heterojunction bipolar transistor) HBT. The HJFET and the HBT are integrated in a neuronal circuit and create negative differential resistance by forming a lambda diode.
Semiconductor device and manufacturing method thereof
An object is to reduce a capacitance value of parasitic capacitance without decreasing driving capability of a transistor in a semiconductor device such as an active matrix display device. Further, another object is to provide a semiconductor device in which the capacitance value of the parasitic capacitance was reduced, at low cost. An insulating layer other than a gate insulating layer is provided between a wiring which is formed of the same material layer as a gate electrode of the transistor and a wiring which is formed of the same material layer as a source electrode or a drain electrode.
Array substrate and manufacturing method thereof, display panel and display device
An array substrate and a manufacturing method thereof, a display panel and a display device are provided. The array substrate includes: a base substrate; a plurality of gate lines, a plurality of data lines, and a plurality of common electrode lines on the base substrate; the plurality of common electrode lines and the plurality of gate lines are arranged at different layers; the plurality of common electrode lines and the plurality of data lines are arranged at a same layer and parallel to each other; the plurality of gate lines are insulated from and intersected with the plurality of data lines and the plurality of common electrode lines to define a plurality of sub-pixel units.
Method for fabricating semiconductor structure
A method for fabricating a semiconductor structure is shown. A first gate of a first device and a second gate of a second device are formed over a semiconductor substrate. First LDD regions are formed in the substrate beside the first gate using the first gate as a mask. A conformal layer is formed covering the first gate, the second gate and the substrate, wherein the conformal layer has sidewall portions on sidewalls of the second gate. Second LDD regions are formed in the substrate beside the second gate using the second gate and the sidewall portions of the conformal layer as a mask.
Nonvolatile memory device and method for manufacturing the same
A method for manufacturing a semiconductor device includes providing a substrate structure having an active region, a gate insulating layer, a charge storage layer, a gate dielectric layer, and a gate layer sequentially formed on the active region. The method also includes forming a patterned metal layer on the substrate structure, removing a respective portion of the gate layer, the gate dielectric layer, the charge storage layer using the patterned metal gate layer as a mask to form multiple gate structures separated from each other by a space. The gate structures each include a stack containing a second portion of the charge storage layer, the gate dielectric layer, the gate layer, and one of the gate lines. The method further includes forming an interlayer dielectric layer on a surface of the gate structures stretching over the space while forming an air gap in the space.
Complementary transistor and semiconductor device
A complementary transistor is constituted of a first transistor TR1 and a second transistor TR2, active regions 32, 42 of the respective transistors are formed by layering first A layers 33, 43 and the first B layers 35, 45 respectively, surface regions 201, 202 provided in a base correspond to first A layers 33, 43 respectively, first B layers 35, 45 each have a conductivity type different from that of the first A layers 33, 43, and extension layers 36, 46 of the first B layer are provided on insulation regions 211,212 respectively.
Methods of fabricating semiconductor devices having gate-all-around structure with oxygen blocking layers
A method of fabricating semiconductor devices is provided. The method includes forming a fin structure including a stack of alternating first and second semiconductor layers on a substrate, removing the first semiconductor layers to form spaces between the second semiconductor layers, and depositing a gate dielectric layer to surround the second semiconductor layers. The method also includes depositing a first oxygen blocking layer and removing the native oxide thereof, depositing an n-type work function layer, and forming a second oxygen blocking layer in sequence on the gate dielectric layer to surround the second semiconductor layers in the same process chamber. The second oxygen blocking layer includes a capping layer and a capping film. The method further includes forming a metal gate fill material over the capping film to form a gate-all-around structure.
Integrated circuit and standard cell library
Provided is an integrated circuit including at least one cell, the at least one cell includes first and second active regions spaced apart from each other, a dummy region disposed between the first and second active regions, at least one first active fin disposed in the first active region and extending in a first direction, at least one second active fin extending along the first direction over the entire length of the second active region, and an active gate line extending in a second direction that is substantially perpendicular to the first direction, wherein the active gate line vertically overlaps the first active region and the dummy region and does not vertically overlap the second active region.
High bandgap Schottky contact layer device
A high bandgap Schottky contact layer device and methods for producing same are provided herein. According to one aspect, a high bandgap Schottky contact layer device comprises a substrate, a first Schottky layer over the substrate, the first Schottky layer having a first bandgap, and a second Schottky layer over the first Schottky layer, the second Schottky layer having a second bandgap. The device further comprises a first metal contact over the second Schottky layer and at least one ohmic contact, a portion of which being in direct contact with the substrate. The first bandgap is greater than 1.7 electronvolts (eV). In one embodiment, the second bandgap is also greater than 1.7 eV.
Diode connected vertical transistor
An electrical device including a vertical transistor device connected to a vertical diode. The vertical diode connected transistor device including a vertically orientated channel. The vertical diode connected transistor device also includes a first diode source/drain region provided by an electrically conductive surface region of a substrate at a first end of the diode vertically orientated channel, and a second diode source/drain region present at a second end of the vertically orientated channel. The vertical diode also includes a diode gate structure in electrical contact with the first diode source/drain region.
Laterally diffused metal oxide semiconductor device integrated with vertical field effect transistor
An electrical device that in some embodiments includes a substrate including a lateral device region and a vertical device region. A lateral diffusion metal oxide semiconductor (LDMOS) device may be present in the lateral device region, wherein a drift region of the LDMOS device has a length that is parallel to an upper surface of the substrate in which the LDMOS device is formed. A vertical field effect transistor (VFET) device may be present in the vertical device region, wherein a vertical channel of the VFET has a length that is perpendicular to said upper surface of the substrate, the VFET including a gate structure that is positioned around the vertical channel.
ESD protection device
An ESD protection device includes a substrate structure having a substrate, first and second fins, and first and second doped regions having different conductivity types. The first doped region includes a first portion of the substrate and a first region of the first fin, the second doped region includes a second portion of the substrate, a second region of the first fin adjacent to the first region and the second fin. The ESD device also includes a first gate structure on a surface portion of the first region and on an entire surface of the second region of the first fin and including, from bottom to top, an interface layer on the surface portion of the first region and the surface portion of the second region of the first fin, a spacer, a high-k dielectric layer, a first work-function adjusting layer, a second work-function adjusting layer, and a gate.
Layout modification method for exposure manufacturing process
A layout modification method for fabricating a semiconductor device is provided. Uniformity of critical dimensions of a first portion and a second portion in a patterned layer is calculated by using a layout for an exposure manufacturing process to produce the semiconductor device. The second portion is adjacent to the first portion, and a width of the second portion equals a penumbra size of the exposure manufacturing process. The penumbra size is utilized to indicate which area of the patterned layer is affected by light leakage exposure from another exposure manufacturing process. Non-uniformity between the first and second portions of the patterned layer is compensated according to the uniformity of critical dimensions to generate a modified layout.
Resistance circuit, oscillation circuit, and in-vehicle sensor apparatus
A resistance circuit is configured such that a P-type resistance section and an N-type resistance section are electrically connected in series, the P-type resistance section is configured with P-type diffusion layer resistance elements that are disposed to form a right angle with respect to each other and that are electrically connected in series, and the N-type resistance section is configured with N-type diffusion layer resistance elements that are disposed to form the right angle with respect to each other and that are electrically connected in series. Furthermore, the P-type diffusion layer resistance element is disposed along a <100> orientation direction of a semiconductor substrate, and the N-type diffusion layer resistance element is disposed along a <110> orientation direction of the semiconductor substrate. It is thereby possible to provide the resistance circuit, an oscillation circuit, and an in-vehicle sensor apparatus that reduce stress-induced characteristic fluctuations.
Semiconductor package including thermal relaxation block and manufacturing method thereof
A semiconductor device includes a bottom package, a top package, and a heat dissipating structure. The bottom package includes a redistribution structure, and a die disposed on a first surface of the redistribution structure and electrically connected to the redistribution structure. The top package is disposed on a second surface of the redistribution structure opposite to the first surface. The heat dissipating structure is disposed over the bottom package, and includes a thermal relaxation block. The thermal relaxation block contacts the redistribution structure and is disposed beside the top package.
A semiconductor device includes a first semiconductor chip having a first inductor element and a second inductor element on a first main surface side, a second semiconductor chip having a third inductor element on a second main surface side, and a third semiconductor chip having a fourth inductor element on a third main surface side. The first and second inductor elements are arranged to be separated from each other in a first direction of the first main surface, the first and second main surfaces face each other, and the first and third inductor elements overlap each other. The first and third main surfaces face each other, the second and fourth inductor elements overlap each other, and a creepage distance between the second and third semiconductor chips is larger than a separation distance between the second and third semiconductor chips.
Semiconductor packages with thermal-electrical-mechanical chips and methods of forming the same
In some embodiments, a device includes a thermal-electrical-mechanical (TEM) chip having a functional circuit, a first die attached to a first side of the TEM chip, and a first via on the first side of the TEM chip and adjacent to the first die, the first via being electrically coupled to the TEM chip. The device also includes a first molding layer surrounding the TEM chip, the first die and the first via, where an upper surface of the first die and an upper surface of the first via are level with an upper surface of the first molding layer. The device further includes a first redistribution layer over the upper surface of the first molding layer and electrically coupled to the first via and the first die.
Microelectronic interposer for a microelectronic package
A microelectronic interposer for a microelectronic package may be fabricated, wherein a first microelectronic device within the microelectronic package is in electronic communication with at least one second microelectronic device through the microelectronic interposer which positions the at least one second microelectronic device outside a periphery of the first microelectronic device. The microelectronic interposer may further include at least one recess for achieving a desired height and/or enabling various configurations for the microelectronic package.
Semiconductor chip and semiconductor package having the same
A semiconductor chip including a substrate including a plurality of chip areas and a line-shaped scribe area defining the chip areas, an integrated circuit (IC) structure on the chip area, the IC structure including a plurality of transistors and a plurality of stacked wiring structures connected to the transistors, and a warpage protector in the line-shaped scribe area and corresponding to the stacked wiring structures, the warpage protector supporting at least one side of the IC structure may be provided.
There is provided a semiconductor device having a structure that can suppress occurrence of chipping in a device region and that can reduce manufacturing cost of the semiconductor device. A semiconductor device includes a substrate and a first amorphous insulating film. The substrate has a main surface and an end surface. The main surface includes a peripheral region and a device region. The first amorphous insulating film is disposed on the peripheral region, and is separated from the device region. The first amorphous insulating film extends along the end surface in the form of a stripe. The first amorphous insulating film is flush with the end surface.
Electronic component mounting board and electronic device
An electronic component mounting board includes an inorganic substrate, a wiring board, and a bond. The inorganic substrate includes an electronic component mounting portion in a central area of an upper surface of the inorganic substrate in which an electronic component is mountable. The wiring board is a frame surrounding the electronic component mounting portion on the upper surface of the inorganic substrate. The bond is located between the inorganic substrate and the wiring board. The inorganic substrate includes a downward bend outward from a bond area including the bond.
Tank circuit structure and method of making the same
A tank circuit structure includes a first gate layer, a first substrate, a first shielding layer, a first conductive line and a first inter metal dielectric (IMD) layer. The first substrate is over the first gate layer. The first shielding layer is over the first substrate. The first conductive line is over the first shielding layer. The first IMD layer is between the first substrate and the first conductive line.
Flip-chip wire bondless power device
A flip-chip wire bondless power device and method for using a two sided contact bare die power device as a single-connection-level power device. The device uses a top pad solder ball array for connecting a top pad electrically connected to the top contact of the bare die power device and a bottom pad solder ball array for connecting a bottom pad that is electrically through an electrically conductive bottom pad connector that is electrically connected to the bottom contact of the bare die power device using an electrically conductive die-attach material, the top pad and bottom pad, and thereby the top pad solder ball array and the bottom pad solder ball array are planar for flip chip mounting. A trench can be formed between the top pad and bottom pad for isolation and insulation purposes. A method of assembling a flip-chip wire bondless power device is also provided.
Component structure, power module and power module assembly structure
The present disclosure relates to a component structure, a power module and a power module assembly structure having the component structure. The component structure comprises: a first bus bar, having one end extending to a first plane to form a first connecting terminal; a second bus bar, comprising a front portion of the second bus bar and a rear portion of the second bus bar, wherein the front portion of the second bus bar is laminated in parallel with the first bus bar, and the rear portion of the second bus bar is extended to a second plane to form a second connecting terminal; and an external circuit comprising a third bus bar, wherein the third bus bar is settled in parallel with the rear portion of the second bus bar, to reduce a parasitic inductance between the first connecting terminal and the second connecting terminal.
Electronic device apparatus with multiple thermally conductive paths for heat dissipation
Examples described herein provide for an electronic device apparatus with multiple thermally conductive paths for heat dissipation. In an example, an electronic device apparatus includes a package comprising a die attached to a package substrate. The electronic device apparatus further includes a ring stiffener disposed around the die and on the package substrate, a heat sink disposed on the package, and a wedge disposed between the heat sink and the ring stiffener.
Substrate for power module, circuit board for power module, and power module
A substrate for a power module (100) of the present invention includes a metal substrate (101), an insulating resin layer (102) provided on the metal substrate (101), and a metal layer (103) provided on the insulating resin layer (102). The insulating resin layer (102) includes a thermosetting resin (A) and inorganic fillers (B) dispersed in the thermosetting resin (A), a maximum value of a dielectric loss ratio of the insulating resin layer (102) at a frequency of 1 kHz and 100° C. to 175° C. is equal to or less than 0.030, and a change in a relative permittivity is equal to or less than 0.10.
Conduction cooling for circuit boards
Disclosed is a cooling assembly for circuit boards. In one embodiment, the assembly includes a circuit board that is thermally and physically coupled to a heat spreader by a thermal interface. In one configuration, the circuit board is formed from a semiconductor material and includes a first board surface on which integrated circuits are mounted and a second board surface opposite the first board surface. The heat spreader is formed from a thermally conductive material and includes a plurality of vanes that are spaced apart from one another. The thermal interface is coupled between at least one area of the second board surface of the circuit board and a contact area of each of the plurality of vanes. Heat generated by the integrated circuits is conducted from at least one integrated circuit to the plurality of vanes of the heat spreader through the circuit board and the thermal interface.
Semiconductor device and method for manufacturing same
A semiconductor device includes: an insulating substrate having an upper surface on which a semiconductor element is mounted; a base plate joined to a lower surface of the insulating substrate; a case member that surrounds the insulating substrate and that is in contact with a surface of the base plate to which the insulating substrate is joined; a sealing resin provided in a region surrounded by the base plate and the case member; a cover member facing a surface of the sealing resin and fixed to the case member; and a holding plate, a lower surface of the holding plate and a portion of a side surface of the holding plate being in close contact with the surface of the sealing resin, an upper surface of the holding plate being fixed to and protruding from a surface of the cover member facing the surface of the sealing resin.
Method of forming vertical transistor device
The disclosed technology generally relates to semiconductor fabrication and more particularly to forming vertical transistor devices. In an aspect, a method of forming a vertical transistor device includes forming, on a substrate, a fin comprising a stack including a first layer, a second layer formed above the first layer and a third layer formed above the second layer. The method additionally includes forming a gate layer serving as an etch mask above the third layer. The method further includes etching the second and third layers of the fin using the gate layer as the etch mask to form a pillar. First and third layers of the pillar define a source region and a drain region, respectively, of the vertical transistor device. A second layer of the pillar defines a channel region of the vertical transistor device. The gate layer comprises a gate electrode arranged on at least one sidewall of the second layer.
Semiconductor device and manufacturing method thereof
A device includes a semiconductor fin, a first source/drain feature, a second source/drain feature, and a dielectric plug. The first source/drain feature adjoins the semiconductor fin. The second source/drain feature adjoins the semiconductor fin. The dielectric plug extends from above the semiconductor fin into the semiconductor fin, the dielectric plug is between the first source/drain feature and the second source/drain feature. The dielectric plug includes a waist and a first portion below the waist, and a width of the waist is less than a width of the first portion of the dielectric plug.
Semiconductor die singulation and structures formed thereby
An embodiment method includes providing a wafer including a first integrated circuit die, a second integrated circuit die, and a scribe line region between the first integrated circuit die and the second integrated circuit die. The method further includes forming a kerf in the scribe line region and after forming the kerf, using a mechanical sawing process to fully separate the first integrated circuit die from the second integrated circuit die. The kerf extends through a plurality of dielectric layers into a semiconductor substrate.
Substrate and method
In an embodiment, a substrate includes semiconductor material and a conductive via. The conductive via includes a via in the substrate, a conductive plug filling a first portion of the via, and a conductive liner layer that lines side walls of a second portion of the via and is electrically coupled to the conductive plug. The conductive liner layer and the conductive plug have different microstructures.
Semiconductor device having a liner layer with a configured profile and method of fabricating thereof
Devices and methods that include for configuring a profile of a liner layer before filling an opening disposed over a semiconductor substrate. The liner layer has a first thickness at the bottom of the opening and a second thickness a top of the opening, the second thickness being smaller that the first thickness. In an embodiment, the filled opening provides a contact structure.
Substrate processing apparatus and method of transferring substrate
There is provided a substrate processing apparatus having a transfer arm configured to transfer two substrates between a transfer chamber and a processing chamber having two mounting tables, the transfer arm holding the two substrates in a state where the two substrates overlap each other with a gap between the two substrates. The substrate processing apparatus includes: a lower substrate detection sensor configured to detect an edge portion of a lower substrate when the lower substrate is transferred; and an upper substrate detection sensor configured to detect an edge portion of an upper substrate when the upper substrate is transferred.
System and method for aligning light-transmitting birefringent workpieces
A workpiece alignment system has a light emission apparatus to direct a beam of light toward a first side of a workpiece through a first polarizer apparatus. A light receiver apparatus positioned on a second side of the workpiece receives the beam of light through a second polarizer apparatus between the workpiece and the light receiver apparatus. A workpiece support supports the workpiece. A rotation device selectively supports and rotates the workpiece support about a support axis. A controller determines a position of the workpiece based on an amount of the beam of light received by the light receiver apparatus. The controller determines a position of the workpiece when the workpiece is supported and rotated based, at least in part, on a rotational position of the workpiece support and at least a portion of the beam of light received by the light receiver apparatus.
Method and apparatus for processing wafer-shaped articles
An apparatus for processing wafer-shaped articles comprises a rotary chuck and a heating assembly that faces a wafer-shaped article when positioned on the rotary chuck. A liquid dispenser positioned so as to dispense liquid onto a surface of a wafer-shaped article that faces away from the rotary chuck when positioned on the rotary chuck. The heating assembly comprises an array of radiant heating elements distributed among at least five individually controllable groups. The liquid dispenser comprises one or more dispensing orifices configured to move a discharge point from a more central region of the rotary chuck to a more peripheral region of the rotary chuck. A controller controls power supplied to each of the at least five individually controllable groups of radiant heating elements based on a position of the discharge point of the liquid dispenser.
Substrate treating apparatus and substrate treating method
A substrate processing of the present invention includes a supplying unit which supplies a process liquid containing a sublimable substance in a molten state to the pattern-formed surface of a substrate, a solidifying unit which solidifies the process liquid on the pattern-formed surface so as to form a solidified body and a sublimating unit which sublimes the solidified body so as to remove the solidified body from the pattern-formed surface, and the vapor pressure of the process liquid at a temperature of 20 to 25° C. is equal to or more than 5 kPa, and the surface tension thereof at a temperature of 20 to 25° C. is equal to or less than 25 mN/m.
Fan-out wafer-level packaging method and the package produced thereof
A fan-out wafer-level packaging method and the package produced thereof are provided in the present application. The method comprises steps including: providing a silicon substrate layer having a first thickness; forming one or more active/passive devices comprising at least sources and drains and one or more diffusion layers adjoining the sources and drains, wherein forming the one or more active/passive devices comprises forming the sources and the drains in a front-end-of-line (FEOL) layer on a first side of the silicon substrate layer while forming the one or more diffusion layers at locations in the silicon substrate layer adjoining the sources and the drains; forming a redistribution layer (RDL) over the FEOL layer by copper damascene formation of multiple metallization layers for connecting the one or more active/passive devices to the one or more IC dies when the one or more IC dies are mounted on a side of the RDL opposite the FEOL layer; thinning the silicon substrate layer to a second thickness to form a thinned silicon substrate, the thinned silicon substrate comprising at least the one or more diffusion layers; and patterning the thinned silicon substrate to form one or more silicon regions, each of the one or more silicon regions comprising the one or more diffusion layers.
Low temperature cofired ceramic substrates and fabrication techniques for the same
A low temperature cofired ceramic substrate comprises a plurality of dielectric layers, at least one inner conductor layer, a plurality of bond pads, and a solder mask. The dielectric layers are formed from ceramic material and placed one on top of another to form a stack. The inner conductor is formed from electrically conductive paste and positioned on an upper surface of at least one inner dielectric layer. The bond pads are positioned on an outer surface of the stack. Each bond pad is formed from a plurality of conductive sublayers of thin film metal stacked one on top of another, with each conductive sublayer being formed from a different metal. The solder mask is positioned on the same outer surface of the stack as the bond pads and includes a plurality of openings, with each opening exposing at least a portion of one of the bond pads.
Pre-cleaning for etching of dielectric materials
An etching process is provided that includes a pre-clean process to remove a surface oxide of a dielectric material. The removal of the oxide can be executed through a thermal reaction and/or plasma process before the etch process. In some embodiments, the removal of the oxide increases etch process control and reproducibility and can improve the selectivity versus oxides.
Method for manufacturing a mask
A mask structure and a method for manufacturing a mask structure for a lithography process is provided. The method includes providing a substrate covered with an absorber layer on a side thereof; providing a patterned layer over the absorber layer, the patterned layer comprising at least one opening; and forming at least one assist mask feature in the at least one opening, wherein the at least one assist mask feature is formed by performing a directed self-assembly (DSA) patterning process comprising providing a BCP material in the at least one opening and inducing phase separation of a BCP material into a first component and a second component, the first component being the at least one assist mask feature and being periodically distributed with respect to the second component.
Substrate processing apparatus and substrate processing method
A substrate processing apparatus includes: a substrate holder to hold a substrate in a horizontal posture while rotating the substrate about a vertical rotary axis passing through the center of a plane of the substrate; a guard member having a shape extending along at least part of a surface peripheral area of the substrate, the guard member being placed in a position close to the surface peripheral area of the substrate held by the substrate holder in a noncontact manner; a cup being a tubular member with an open top end, the cup being provided so as to surround the substrate held by the substrate holder and the guard member together; and a nozzle from which a processing liquid is discharged to the surface peripheral area of the substrate held by the substrate holder. The nozzle is placed on a side opposite the cup with respect to at least part of the guard member.
Method for growing GaN crystal and C-plane GaN substrate
A method for growing a GaN crystal suitable as a material of GaN substrates including C-plane GaN substrates includes: a first step of preparing a GaN seed having a nitrogen polar surface; a second step of arranging a pattern mask on the nitrogen polar surface of the GaN seed, the pattern mask being provided with a periodical opening pattern comprising linear openings and including intersections, the pattern mask being arranged such that longitudinal directions of at least part of the linear openings are within ±3° from a direction of an intersection line between the nitrogen polar surface and an M-plane; and a third step of ammonothermally growing a GaN crystal through the pattern mask such that a gap is formed between the GaN crystal and the pattern mask.
Method of manufacturing semiconductor device, substrate processing apparatus and non-transitory computer-readable recording medium
Provided is a technique which includes forming on a substrate an oxide film containing silicon or a metal element and doped with a dopant by performing a cycle a predetermined number of times, wherein the cycle includes sequentially and non-simultaneously performing: (a) supplying a first gas to the substrate wherein the first gas is free of chlorine and contains boron or phosphorus as the dopant; (b) supplying a second gas to the substrate wherein the second gas contains silicon or the metal element; and (c) supplying a third gas to the substrate wherein the third gas contains oxygen.
Method of manufacturing semiconductor device, substrate processing apparatus, and recording medium
A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device is provided. The method includes forming a film on a substrate by causing a first precursor and a second precursor to intermittently react with each other by repeating a cycle a plurality of times, the cycle alternately performing supplying the first precursor, which satisfies an octet rule and has a first pyrolysis temperature, to the substrate and supplying the second precursor, which does not satisfy the octet rule and has a second pyrolysis temperature lower than the first pyrolysis temperature, to the substrate. In the act of forming the film, a supply amount of the first precursor is set larger than a supply amount of the second precursor.
Method for forming silicon nitride film selectively on top surface
A method for fabricating a layer structure in a trench includes: simultaneously forming a dielectric film containing a Si—N bond on an upper surface, and a bottom surface and sidewalls of the trench, wherein a top/bottom portion of the film formed on the upper surface and the bottom surface and a sidewall portion of the film formed on the sidewalls are given different chemical resistance properties by bombardment of a plasma excited by applying voltage between two electrodes between which the substrate is place in parallel to the two electrodes; and substantially removing the sidewall portion of the film by wet etching which removes the sidewall portion of the film more predominantly than the top/bottom portion according to the different chemical resistance properties.
Mass analysis apparatus and mass analysis method
When a first scheme (transition observation time optimization scheme) is selected, a computation unit computes an actual transition observation time as a time of an integer multiple of a storage-ejection time of a collision cell within a frame of a transition observation time. When a second scheme (storage-ejection time optimization scheme) is selected, the computation unit divides the transition observation time by a maximum storage-ejection time to determine a number of repetitions of a storing-ejecting operation of the collision cell, and determines a storage-ejection time based thereon.
Reconfigurable sequentially-packed ion (SPION) transfer device
An ion transfer device that transfers ions from at least one ion inlet to at least one ion outlet. The ion transfer device includes an enclosure configured to maintain reduced pressure, and a plurality of electrodes disposed at least in part inside the enclosure such that the ion transfer device is configured to be flexible or re-configurable.
Measuring device, measurement method, and plasma processing device
A measuring device includes a switch that switches a connection of an electrode to which a direct current voltage is applied, wherein the electrode is within an electrostatic chuck disposed in a plasma processing device; a component provided with electrostatic capacitance, wherein the component is connected to the switch; and a measuring unit that measures a value corresponding to an electric charge amount accumulated in the component provided with the electrostatic capacitance.
High-power solid-state microwave generator for RF energy applications
A microwave generating system includes a modular architecture which is configurable to provide power output from under 1-kilowatt to over 100-kilowatts. The various power levels are achieved by combining the RF outputs of multiple RF power amplifiers in a corporate structure. The system can be used on any ISM band. Each system component incorporates a dedicated embedded microcontroller for high performance real-time control response. The components are connected to a high speed digital data bus, and are commanded and supervised by a control program running on a host computer.