Tape feeder and component mounting device
A tape feeder includes a gate, a gate drive mechanism, and a tape feed mechanism. The gate is provided in an insertion port through which a carrier tape storing components is inserted. In the gate drive mechanism, a tape feed mechanism which drives the gate in opening and closing directions feeds the components stored in the inserted carrier tape to a pickup position. The gate drive mechanism includes a spring member which biases the gate in the closing direction, and a solenoid which drives the gate in the opening direction against a biasing force of the spring member.
Electronic component and use thereof
What is specified is an electronic component (100) comprising a functional body (1) provided with a reflection structure (2) wherein the reflection structure (2) is arranged and designed to reflect radiation that impinges on the electronic component (100) from outside away from the functional body (1) and wherein the electronic component (100) is radiation-passive.
Vehicle thermal management system
A heat transfer system includes a heat source, a first heat exchanger coupled to the heat source to remove heat from the heat source, and a second heat exchanger coupled to the first heat exchanger to remove heat from the first heat exchanger. The heat transfer system also includes a thermal doubler coupled to the second heat exchanger to remove heat from the second heat exchanger, a first heat pipe coupled to the thermal doubler to remove heat from the thermal doubler, and a second heat pipe coupled to the first heat pipe to remove heat from the first heat pipe.
Aircraft heat exchange system including a thermoelectric device
A heat exchange system for an aircraft includes an aircraft controller for controlling an operation of an aircraft, a thermoelectric device having a low temperature side and a high temperature side, an inlet line that carries fluid through the low temperature side of the thermoelectric device and to the aircraft controller; and an outlet line that carrier the fluid away from the and aircraft controller through the high temperature side of the thermoelectric device. Heat is transferred away from the inlet line to the outlet line through the thermoelectric device when a predetermined condition is met.
Cable management system
A cable support apparatus includes a flexible spine and a plurality of support members disposed along a length of the flexible spine. Each support member includes an attachment portion and a body portion. The attachment portion is secured to the flexible spine in at least two locations and cooperates therewith to define a first slot oriented in a first direction and a second slot oriented in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction. The body portion depends from the attachment portion, defines an interior, and includes an opening providing access to the interior. The opening is configured to permit passage of at least one cable therethrough and into the interior. The interiors of the body portions of the plurality of support members cooperate to define a longitudinal passageway extending along the flexible spine in parallel orientation relative to the flexible spine.
Structure, electronic device including the same, and method of manufacturing structure
A structure includes a sheet metal antenna as a first member, a rear-surface-side housing as a second member including a through hole, and a sealing portion which seals the through hole. The second member includes a space. The sheet metal antenna includes an intermediate portion as a pass-through portion which passes through the space and the through hole. The space includes a first region, a second region located opposite to the first region with the intermediate portion being interposed, and a third region which lies from one main surface of the intermediate portion to the other main surface thereof while it is in contact with both of the first region and the second region, and the second member includes an injection path as a groove continuing to the first region.
Flameproof housing with display
A flameproof housing (202) includes a display aperture (212), a shoulder (207) adjacent to the display aperture (212), a transparent panel (230) including an outer face (231) and a perimeter (232), and a fastener element (236) configured to hold the transparent panel (230) against the shoulder (207). A perimeter interface region (264) between the perimeter (232) of the transparent panel (230) and the interior surface (203) of the flameproof housing (202) creates a perimeter gap that does not exceed a predetermined flameproof gap limit and a face interface region (260) between the outer face (231) of the transparent panel (230) and the shoulder (207) creates a face gap that does not exceed the predetermined flameproof gap limit.
Handle for a drawer
Example implementations relate to a handle made of a single metal sheet. In one example, the handle includes a plurality of chamfered edges where each edge includes a first side and a second side. The handle includes a rolled-over top cover and a rolled bottom edge disposed between each of the plurality of chamfered edges. The handle also includes a latching extension disposed adjacent to each of the plurality of chamfered edges. The latching extension of the handle includes a pivot hole, an engaging indentation, and a hook located at an endpoint of the latching extension.
Electrical enclosure door interlock
A dual interlock system for electrical equipment enclosures having at least two isolated compartments. The interlock includes a dual function interlock mechanism that prevents a serviceable equipment compartment door from being opened while a local disconnect device located in an adjacent isolated compartment is in the ON state. The dual interlock system also prevents the local disconnect device from unintentionally being moved from an OFF state to the ON state while the serviceable equipment door is open.
Substrate for printed circuit board, printed circuit board, and method for producing substrate for printed circuit board
According to an embodiment of the present invention, a substrate for a printed circuit board, the substrate including a resin film and a metal layer deposited on at least one surface of the resin film, includes a modified layer on the surface of the resin film on which the metal layer is deposited, the modified layer having a composition different from another portion, in which the modified layer contains a metal, a metal ion, or a metal compound different from a main metal of the metal layer. The content of a metal element of the metal, the metal ion, or the metal compound on a surface of the modified layer is preferably 0.2 atomic % or more and 10 atomic % or less.
Method of producing suspension board with circuit
A method of producing a suspension board with circuit includes the steps of preparing a metal supporting layer, forming a curable insulating layer on the metal supporting layer using a photosensitive curable insulating composition such that an opening is formed in the curable insulating layer, curing the curable insulating layer to form an insulating layer, subjecting the metal supporting layer exposed from the opening to microwave plasma treatment, and forming a metal conducting portion on the metal supporting layer exposed from the opening.
Flexible board and electronic device
A flexible board includes a flexible body including a first principal surface and a second principal surface, and a linear conductor provided in the body and closer to the first principal surface than to the second principal surface. The body is bent inwardly with respect to the first principal surface along an inward bending line crossing the linear conductor and also outwardly with respect to the first principal surface along an outward bending line crossing the linear conductor. The inward bend of the body has a larger mean curvature radius than the outward bend of the body.
Structure of substrate having electronic parts mounted thereon and case for housing the substrate
A substrate provided in proximity to a case for improving heat radiation, and maintaining electrical insulation between the substrate and the case even when the substrate is warped, in the substrate having electronic parts mounted thereon and a case for housing the substrate. A case body of the case has a substrate placement surface for placing the substrate, the substrate placement surface is provided with a protruding portion protruding therefrom, and the substrate is fixed on the substrate placement surface, via a thermal interface material disposed on the substrate placement surface from a periphery of the protruding portion.
Contact arrangement for a multi-layer circuit board
The invention relates to a contact arrangement (30) for a multi-layer circuit board (1a), said circuit board (1a) having at least one inner wire (2) which is contacted via at least one cutout (10). According to the invention, at least two cutouts (10) are arranged on different sides of the at least one inner wire (2), the center axes (2) of the at least two cutouts (10) having a predefined distance (as) to a target center line (2.4) of the at least one inner wire (2). The at least two cutouts (10) expose the at least one inner wire (2) in at least two contact zones (2.1) for the purpose of contact, said contact zones being arranged on different sides of the wire (2).
An electronic component includes dielectric layers laminated along a lamination direction and shield electrodes. The dielectric layers include first and second dielectric layers. The side surfaces of the first dielectric layer are not covered with the shield electrodes. The side surfaces of the second dielectric layer are covered with the shield electrodes. The dielectric constant of the first dielectric layer is lower than the second dielectric constant of the dielectric layer.
Printed circuit board structure
The invention relates to a printed circuit board structure with at least one dielectric insulating layer and at least one conductive layer, in which within the at least one insulating layer, a layer made of a dielectric thermally conductive material is provided that is located at least in the vicinity of, or in contact with, an inner conductor arrangement. Another thermally conductive layer, preferably an electrically conductive metal layer, can be provided in the immediate vicinity of, or in contact with, the layer made of a dielectric thermally conductive material. It is also possible for an at least thermally conductive, preferably electrically conductive feedthrough to pass from a conductor section lying on the outside of the printed circuit board into the inside of the printed circuit board, at least into the vicinity of the layer made of a dielectric thermally conductive material.
Projected plasma source
This disclosure describes systems, methods, and apparatuses for generating an ionizing electromagnetic field via a remote plasma source such that the field controllably extends through a field projection portion where the field attenuates, to a plasma processing portion where the field is attenuated but still strong enough to sustain a plasma. The plasma has a low voltage and RF energy and can be used for a variety of semiconductor and thin film processing operations including chamber cleaning via radical generation, etching, and deposition.
Data/power controller for translation between light control protocols
Apparatus and associated methods relate to a curtain configured decorative lighting system. The curtain configuration of decorative light stings is obtained by using light-string distribution elements, each of which receives an input signal by a conductive lead. The input signal is indicative of a plurality of lighting commands. The light-string distribution element then provides an output signal to a tap connector, to which a decorative light string can be connected. The provided output signal is indicative of lighting commands corresponding to a plurality of lighting elements distributed along the decorative light string connected thereto. The plurality of lighting elements of the attached decorative light string each illuminate in response to one of the lighting commands indicated by the output signal. In some embodiments, the decorative light string provides to the tap connector a signal indicative of lighting commands that do not correspond to lighting elements of that decorative light string.
Power receptacle control circuitry
Power receptacle control circuitry includes load switching circuitry, communications circuitry, sensor circuitry, processing circuitry, and a memory. The sensor circuitry includes a light sensor. The processing circuitry is coupled to the load switching circuitry, the communications circuitry, the sensor circuitry, and the memory. The memory includes instructions, which, when executed by the processing circuitry cause the power receptacle control circuitry to selectively deliver power to a load via the load switching circuitry, detect a modulated light signal via the light sensor, and join a group of devices based on the modulated light signal.
Lightbulb in a fixture having a configuration memory
An internet of things system having a smart light bulb and a smart fixture. The smart light bulb may be inserted into and connect with the smart fixture for power to the smart light bulb. The smart light bulb may be configured by reading configuration information from a memory in the smart fixture. As a whole, the system may have two or more smart light bulbs inserted in two or more smart fixtures, respectively. The two or more smart light bulbs may be interconnected with one another with communication links to make up a mesh network. Non-bulb devices may be connected to the mesh network.
System and apparatus for selectively interrupting a power supply
A new system and apparatus for selectively interrupting the power supply of lighting elements is described by example herein. The system may include a power interruption apparatus in electrical communication with a lighting element such as a motion activated security light. In preferred embodiments, the apparatus may include a power interruption module configured to selectively interrupt the power supply to the lighting element to change the status mode of the lighting element. In some embodiments, the apparatus may be controlled by a wireless remote control while in other embodiments the apparatus may be controlled by a wall switch. In yet further embodiments, the apparatus may be configured to partner with a home automation system through a home automation remote thereby allowing a user to selectively change the status mode of a lighting element using an interface specific to their home automation system.
Systems and methods for glare-free adaptive lighting
Techniques are disclosed to operate a luminaire so as to reduce glare experience by an occupant within an area illuminated by a luminaire. The luminaire includes individually operated light sources. An image capture device is deployed for capturing an image of an area. Operatively coupled to the luminaire and the image capture device is a computing system. The computing is configured to reduce glare by adjusting a light intensity of a light source of the luminaire. These adjustments are based on, for example, a position of an occupant within the area and a direction in which the occupant is facing relative to the luminaire, and/or a position of an indirect glare source.
Determining an optimized spectral power distribution of a light source
A method for determining a custom power spectral distribution (PSD) for use in a specialized light source and a lighting system. The method includes obtaining a PSD corresponding to light that is output by the lighting system, obtaining a constraint, and determining the custom PSD by optimizing (minimizing or maximizing), subject to the constraint, an evaluation function comprising the PSD, an unwanted light function, a wanted light function, or another characteristic function.
Solid-state lighting with noncoupled drivers free of electric shock hazard
An LED luminaire comprises a rechargeable battery, LED array(s), noncoupled drivers, and a logic control circuit. The LED luminaire may be used to replace a fluorescent or a conventional LED lamp connected to AC mains. The noncoupled drivers comprise a charging circuit configured to charge the rechargeable battery, a first driver configured to convert a DC voltage from the rechargeable battery to light up the LED array(s) when a line voltage from the AC mains is unavailable, and a second driver configured to operate the LED array(s) when the line voltage from the AC mains is available. The logic control circuit is configured to enable or disable the first driver in proper situations and to meet regulatory requirements without operational ambiguity and safety issues. Furthermore, the charging circuit and the second driver are noncoupled, no electric shock hazard possibly occurred.
Method and apparatus for controlling a lighting module based on a constant current level from a power source
Method and control apparatus for controlling a lighting module based on a constant current level from a power source are disclosed. The control apparatus may be operable: to determine an indication of a constant current level of the power source; to determine an activation ratio in which to activate first and second groups of LEDs each cycle period based upon the indication of the constant current level; and to selectively couple the first and second groups of LEDs to the power source each cycle period based upon the first activation ratio. The first and second groups of LEDs may comprise LEDs of first and second color temperatures respectively. The control apparatus can be adapted to operate as a dim-to-warm module within a lighting apparatus.
Programmable LED driver, monitor and setting devices
LED driver apparatus and methods may include a sensing circuit for adjusting an output based on either a pulse width modulation dimming control or an analog dimming control. An LED driver apparatus and methods may also include a sensor for a parameter such as temperature and for recording such parameter, for example as a function of time. A setting unit for an LED driver apparatus can be used to sense and/or adjust settings in the LED apparatus even when the LED apparatus is not independently powered.
Multifunction electronic power supply for LED lighting appliances
A multifunction electronic power supply for LED lighting appliances. A series of interface ports or connectors, a block for filtering and measuring the voltage and current, connected to the main power supply, an auxiliary power supply, a microcontroller, a flyback converter with isolated output, a circuit for measuring the brightness, a light sensor, which detects the light reflected from the floor and from the objects and/or people present in the area which is illuminated by the lighting appliance, and a LED light source of the lighting appliance, which spreads light in the environment and which is driven by the electronic power supply.
Electrical load driving device
Provided is an electrical load driving device including an SMPS (switching mode power supply). The electrical load driving device comprises: a rectifying unit configured to rectify a current on an output path of the SMPS; a current limiting unit configured to limit the current output from the rectifying unit to a value equal to or less than a predetermined magnitude; a smoothing unit configured to supply a power to a load by smoothing a current output from the current limiting unit; and a floating prevention unit configured to be installed between an output terminal of the rectifying unit and an input terminal of the current limiting unit and to prevent an output of the rectifying unit from floating when the current limiting unit is interrupted.
The present invention is directed to an apparatus for cooking food products on both sides and, simultaneously, cooking them in the middle, and a method of cooking food products using said apparatus. In preferred embodiments, versions of the apparatus of the present invention comprise a crown pivotally connected to a base support, connected to a base, wherein when the crown is in the closed position with respect to the base food to be cooked is substantially enclosed in a cooking chamber comprising substantially a lower cook surface of 100 square inches or greater, a top cook surface of similar size, and is also subjected to microwaves generated by microwave generators located in the crown.
In-situ induction cured radius filler
A method for manufacturing a radius filler. The radius filler having a desired cross-sectional shape is formed. The radius filler has a composite material and a number of heating elements located within the composite material. The radius filler is positioned in a channel formed by a plurality of composite structures. The radius filler is inductively heated by inducing a current within the number of heating elements.
Windshield heating device
A windshield heating device includes: a heating wire that heats a first part of a windshield of a vehicle, the first part being located in front of a camera; a glass heating apparatus that heats a second part of the windshield, the second part including the first part; and a control unit that controls energization to the heating wire and the glass heating apparatus. The control unit is configured: to determine whether energization to the glass heating apparatus is performed when heating of the first part is requested; to control so that energization to the heating wire is performed when it is determined that the energization to glass heating apparatus is not performed; and to control energization to the heating wire so that an amount of energization to the heating wire is reduced when it is determined that energization to the glass heating apparatus is performed.
Carbon nanotube defrost windows
A defrost window includes a transparent substrate, a carbon nanotube film, a first electrode, a second electrode and a protective layer. The transparent substrate has a top surface. The carbon nanotube film is disposed on the top surface of the transparent substrate. The first electrode and the second electrode electrically connect to the carbon nanotube film and space from each other. The protective layer covers the carbon nanotube film.
Method for initializing protection device and protection device in wireless microphone beacon system
A method for initializing a protection device PD comprising steps of: receiving by a beacon receiver beacon information from other protection devices around the PD; sending by the beacon receiver the received beacon information to a channel monitoring decision maker within a time period set in a channel monitoring timer; determining by the channel monitoring decision maker whether there exists any primary beacon transmission device PPD; if yes, deciding the PD as a secondary beacon transmission device SPD; if no, deciding the PD as a PPD; receiving by an initialization process decision maker a determination result from the channel monitoring decision maker and determining an operation status of the PD within a time period set in the initialization process timer; outputting by the initialization process decision maker the determination result to a transmitter of the PD to decide whether the transmitter has transmitted any data or request information.
Discontinuous reception (DRX) alignment techniques for dual-connectivity architectures
Discontinuous reception (DRX) alignment techniques for dual-connectivity architectures are described. In one embodiment, for example, user equipment (UE) may comprise one or more radio frequency (RF) transceivers, one or more RF antennas, and logic, at least a portion of which is in hardware, the logic to receive a radio resource control (RRC) configuration information message containing a small cell RRC configuration information element (IE), the small cell RRC configuration IE to contain a small cell discontinuous reception (DRX) configuration IE comprising one or more inter-cell-coordinated small cell DRX parameters, the logic to determine a start time for a small cell DRX cycle based on at least one of the one or more inter-cell-coordinated small cell DRX parameters and initiate the small cell DRX cycle at the determined start time. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Device and method of handling a user equipment access stratum context
A communication device for handling a user equipment (UE) access stratum (AS) context comprises a storage device for storing instructions and a processing circuit coupled to the storage device. The processing circuit is configured to execute the instructions stored in the storage device. The instructions comprise establishing a radio resource control (RRC) connection with a network; receiving the UE AS context from the network; receiving a RRCConnectionRelease message configuring the communication device to suspend the RRC connection and enter a RRC_IDLE state; storing the UE AS context, when receiving the RRCConnectionRelease message; restoring the UE AS context, resuming a signalling radio bearer 1 (SRB1) and transmitting a RRCConnectionResumeRequest message, when initiating a RRC connection resume procedure; receiving a RRCConnectionSetup message or a RRCConnectionReject message in response to the RRCConnectionResumeRequest message; and releasing the UE AS context and the SRB1 in response to the RRCConnectionSetup message or the RRCConnectionReject message.
Communications system, communications device and method
A method of allocating resources for communications in a mobile telecommunication system wherein the mobile telecommunication system includes a wireless interface for a base station to communicate with communications devices and wherein a communications device is operable to transmit signals to another communications device using resources of the wireless interface and in accordance with a device-to-device communication protocol. A first pool of the resources is allocated to device-to-device communications of broadcast type and a second pool of the resources is allocated to a device-to-device communications of unicast type, the second pool of resources being separate from the first pool. The method includes a first communications device transmitting broadcast messages using resources of the first resources pool and a second communications device transmitting unicast messages using resources of the second resources pool.
Information processing apparatus and control method therefor, information processing system, computer program and storage medium
An information processing provided with a wireless communication unit adapted to communicate with a wireless network formed by a control apparatus, comprises: a first sending unit adapted to send a probe signal including identification data of the network via the wireless communication unit; a receiving unit adapted to receive a response signal to the probe signal from another information processing apparatus associated with the control apparatus via the wireless communication unit; and a determination unit adapted to determine an information processing apparatus capable of direct link communication, based on the response signal received by the receiving unit.
System and method for peripheral initiated host arbitration
A system and method is disclosed for establishing authenticated Bluetooth Low Energy communication session between a slave device and a master device. The slave device lacks ability to control which mater device can connect to it; however, the after connection authentication process enables a slave device to terminate connection with unauthenticated master device.
Device and method of handling device-to-device communication
A communication device for handling a device-to-device (D2D) communication comprises a storage unit for storing instructions and a processing means coupled to the storage unit. The storage unit is configured to execute the instructions stored in the storage unit. The instructions comprise receiving a barring in a signalling transmitted by a first base station; and bypassing the barring to initiate a procedure for the D2D communication to a second base station.
Method and system for hosting network access point
A method, a terminal, and a system for hosting a network access point are disclosed, and relate to the communications filed. The method includes: initiating, by a terminal, a hosting request to a server, where the hosting request includes an identifier of an access point needing to be hosted, so that the server authenticates the access point according to the identifier of the access point, and the hosting request is used to delegate operation permission of the access point to the server; receiving, by the terminal, an authentication result sent by the server; and when the authentication result is that the authentication succeeds, determining, by the terminal, that the hosting succeeds. This application can effectively resolve a problem that a user has excessive network traffic, thereby improving user experience.
Internet of things device random access method and system based on massive MIMO technology
An Internet of things (IoT) device random access method based on a massive MIMO technology is disclosed, and a cellular IoT communication system using the random access method is also disclosed. In the method, multiples users access a base station by using the same preamble sequence, the users accessing the base station in different beams respectively. By use of narrow beam characteristics of a massive MIMO technology, users in different beams can use the same preamble sequence for random access, thus greatly reducing collision probability of the random access and greatly increasing the number of users of random access, and congestion and collision problems during random access of a great number of users in the cellular IoT communication system can be effectively solved.
Method and apparatus for transmitting/receiving data on multiple carriers in mobile communication system
A data transmission method and an apparatus to communicate data on multiple carriers in the mobile communication system are provided. A random access method of a terminal in a mobile communication system including primary and secondary cells operating on multiple carriers according to the present invention includes communicating data after random access in the primary cell, receiving, when the random access is triggered in the secondary cell, information for use in the secondary cell random access from the primary cell, transmitting a preamble in the secondary cell based on the received information, monitoring the primary cell to receive a Random Access Response for the secondary cell, and applying, when the Random Access Response for the secondary cell is received, the information carried in the Random Access Response to the secondary cell in which the preamble has been transmitted.
Systems, methods, and devices for enhanced OFDMA random access
Systems, methods, and apparatuses for signaling and generating an enhanced random access frame in a wireless network are provided. One aspect of this disclosure provides a method of wireless communication. The method includes receiving, at a first device, a first frame from a second device indicating one or more frequency bandwidths available for random access by the first device. The method further includes transmitting, at the first device, a second frame to the second device in response to the first frame, the second frame comprising an indication of an identifier of the first device and indicating a selection of at least one frequency bandwidth of the one or more frequency bandwidths, the second frame not including a medium access control (MAC) payload data portion.
Base station and method for determining unlicensed frequency candidate
A base station includes a storage device to store results of carrier sensing performed respectively on a data transmission side and on a data reception side with respect to a plurality of sub-bands in unlicensed frequencies being the frequencies of which a use is not licensed for data transmission, and a controller to extract sub-bands of the unlicensed frequencies being determined that are in an idle status or have high possibility to be in the idle status by both of the data transmission side and the data reception side in the carrier sensing results as candidates for sub-bands of the unlicensed frequencies to be used for transmitting data by the data transmission side.
Techniques for uplink transmission management
Techniques for uplink transmission management in a wireless communications system are described herein. An example method may include receiving an explicit uplink grant that indicates one or more implicit uplink grants. In an aspect, the example method may include performing a first clear channel assessment (CCA) in response to the explicit uplink grant in a first time slot. In another aspect, the example method may include, if the first CCA fails, sequentially performing one or more additional CCAs respectively in one or more time slots subsequent to the first time slot in response to the one or more implicit uplink grants, and transmitting the PDU over the unlicensed or shared spectrum and in a time slot subsequent to the time slot in which one of the one or more additional CCAs succeeds.
Device and method
Provided is a device, including: a control unit configured to control transmission of downlink data in a manner that the transmission of the downlink data is performed using a first frequency band shared by a plurality of wireless communication systems including a cellular system. The control unit controls retransmission of the downlink data in a manner that the retransmission of the downlink data is performed using a second frequency band for the cellular system.
Data streams with different priorities in contention-based systems
A method by a communication device accessing a shared communication channel using a contention based access protocol. The device is configured to transmit data streams with different transmission priorities via the shared communication channel with a first data stream having a higher transmission priority than a second data stream. A method includes observing whether the shared communication channel is available for transmission, where when the channel is available, and the device waits for the duration of a time interval randomly selected from a time range in which the shared communication channel is available for transmission before the transmission is started. A first time interval is selected from a first time range for the transmission of the first data stream, and a second time interval is selected from a second time range, that does not overlap with the first time range, for the transmission of the second data stream.
Channelization for signal boosters
A technology is described for a channelization of a signal booster. A downlink (DL) and uplink (UL) signal can be channelized. A base station coupling loss (BSCL) can be estimated for selected channels in the channelized downlink signal. One or more channels in the UL and/or DL signal can be filtered to increase the BSCL, in order to increase one or more of an uplink signal gain and a noise power for the signal booster while maintaining network protections.
Method, device and storage medium for communications using a modulated signal and a reference signal
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a wireless communication node that receives instructions in a control channel directing it to utilize a spectral segment at a first carrier frequency to communicate with a mobile communication device. Responsive to the instructions, the wireless communication node receives a modulated signal in the spectral segment at a second carrier frequency from the base station, the modulated signal including communications data provided by the base station. The wireless communication node down-shifts the modulated signal at the second carrier frequency to the first carrier frequency, and wirelessly transmits the modulated signal at the first carrier frequency to the mobile communication device. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Backhaul link for distributed antenna system
A distributed antenna and backhaul system provide network connectivity for a small cell deployment. Rather than building new structures, and installing additional fiber and cable, embodiments described herein disclose using high-bandwidth, millimeter-wave communications and existing power line infrastructure. Above ground backhaul connections via power lines and line-of-sight millimeter-wave band signals as well as underground backhaul connections via buried electrical conduits can provide connectivity to the distributed base stations. An overhead millimeter-wave system can also be used to provide backhaul connectivity. Modules can be placed onto existing infrastructure, such as streetlights and utility poles, and the modules can contain base stations and antennas to transmit the millimeter-waves to and from other modules.
Tiered developer unlock of network hub with software defined radio protection
A network hub may be unlockable into a development environment at various levels of access to implement tiered unlocking. A network hub may send a request to a server computer for a device-specific certificate that is usable to unlock the network hub, the request including (i) a requested level of access, and (ii) a device identifier (ID) associated with the network hub. The network hub may receive the certificate from the server computer, reboot, determine whether the certificate is associated with a trusted entity, and, if so, unlock the network hub at the requested level of access as an unlocked network hub. The unlocked network hub allows for particular development activities (e.g., flashing custom software), but depending on the requested level of access, may or may not allow a user to change settings of a configurable software defined radio (SDR) of the network hub and/or flash custom firmware.
Device and method of handling HARQ operation for unlicensed band
A communication device configured with an asynchronous hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) operation for a first cell of a network comprises a storage unit for storing instructions and a processing means coupled to the storage unit. The processing means is configured to execute the instructions stored in the storage unit. The instructions comprise transmitting a first plurality of uplink (UL) transmissions of a data block in a first HARQ buffer associated with a first HARQ process on the first cell to the network by using the asynchronous HARQ operation; and stopping maintaining a first counter for counting a number of the first plurality of UL transmissions, when using the asynchronous HARQ operation.
SRS design for unlicensed carriers
There is disclosed a User Equipment for a MulteFire wireless communication network. The User Equipment comprises processing circuitry and a transmitter, the User Equipment being adapted for utilizing the processing circuitry and the transmitter for performing a Listen-Before-Talk (LBT) procedure for one or more transmission bandwidths; transmitting Physical Uplink Shared CHannel (PUSCH) signaling in a PUSCH subframe on one or more interlaces within the one or more transmission bandwidths; and transmitting Sounding Reference Signaling on the one or more interlaces in the PUSCH subframe.
Method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving system information in a mobile communication system
Methods and apparatuses are provided for receiving system information by a user equipment (UE). System information including first partial bits of a system frame number (SFN) and bandwidth information are received at a first subframe of a radio frame. The system information is identical during a broadcast channel transmission period. Second partial bits of the SFN are acquired having a different value in each of radio frames within the broadcast channel transmission period.
Wireless communication system, low transmission power cell base station, macrocell base station, wireless terminal, and load distribution method
A macrocell base station controls to reduce interference between cells by a downlink signal of the macrocell base station with specific timing, the interference which a downlink signal of a low transmission power cell suffers for a wireless terminal. A low transmission power cell base station decides measurement timing with which the wireless terminal measures reception quality of the low transmission power cell based on information about the specific timing, and sends a setting message including a parameter according to the measurement timing to the wireless terminal. The wireless terminal measures reception quality with the measurement timing indicated by the parameter, and when the wireless terminal satisfies a condition for executing an event based on the measured result, the wireless terminal sends a reception quality measurement message including information indicating that the measurement is made with the measurement timing to the low transmission power cell base station.
Processing method of data packet, terminal, base station and system
Embodiments of present invention provide a processing method of a data packet, a terminal, a base station and a system, the terminal comprises: a receiving unit, configured to receive a first instruction sent by a first base station; a processing unit, configured to stop reordering data packets according to the first instruction received by the receiving unit, or start reordering the data packets according to the first instruction received by the receiving unit. The technical solutions provided by the embodiments of the present invention are used to achieve that an orderliness of the data packets in the terminal is guaranteed.
Wireless receiver and control method thereof
The present invention provides a wireless receiver and control method thereof capable of outputting a notification of an event that has occurred in a mobile terminal. To this end, a wireless receiver may comprise: an earphone; a sensing unit for detecting whether a user is wearing a wireless receiver; a short-range communication unit for communicating with a mobile terminal; and a control unit for, when an event has occurred in the mobile terminal and event occurrence notification information is received from the mobile terminal, controlling to output a feedback in response to the reception of the event occurrence notification information.
Paging user equipments on a shared communication medium
In an embodiment, an apparatus (e.g., eNB) pages UEs on a shared communication. The apparatus obtains paging message(s) for transmission to UEs with different coverage levels. The apparatus transmits an extended common ePDCCH, followed by a paging ePDCCH, followed by repetitive transmissions of the paging message(s) over a plurality of PDSCH subframes. In a further embodiment, the apparatus obtains first and second sets of paging messages for transmission to different paging groups. The apparatus establishes non-overlapping POWs for the first and second paging groups to avoid a paging ePDCCH collision.
MTSI based UE configurable for video region-of-interest (ROI) signaling
In a video conferencing application, a user viewing a scene can performing zooming by selecting an area in the scene, then dynamically switching a video feed of the scene to the selected area of the scene. The hardware and software of the video conferencing application can limit the video transmitted to the user to include only the selected area of the scene. Transmitting only the selected area of the scene, and excluding the non-selected area of the scene from transmission, can more efficiently use the available bandwidth of the video conferencing application.
Method for controlling transmission power in unlicensed band and device using same
Provided are a method and a device for controlling transmission power in a wireless communication system. The device conducts an adjustment such that the transmission power of an UL (uplink) signal, with respect to a serving cell in an unlicensed band, does not exceed the maximum PSD (power spectral density) of the unlicensed band.
Power control for uplink transmissions
A method, an apparatus, and a computer-readable medium for wireless communication are provided. In one aspect, the apparatus is configured to determine a power control command including a target receiver power level for uplink transmission. The apparatus is configured to transmit a frame to a wireless device. The frame may include information associated with the determined target receiver power level for uplink transmission from the wireless device and a transmit power level at which the frame is to be transmitted. The information may enable the wireless device to compute a transmit power for the uplink transmission. The frame may include power control commands for other wireless devices.
Techniques and apparatuses for power efficient alignment of CDRX and SC-PTM DRX schedules
A method, an apparatus, and a computer program product for wireless communication are provided. The apparatus may receive a temporary mobile group identifier (TMGI) for a single cell point-to-multipoint (SC-PTM) service to which a user equipment (UE) is to be subscribed. The apparatus may configure a connected mode discontinuous reception (CDRX) schedule for the UE based at least in part on an SC-PTM discontinuous reception (DRX) schedule that corresponds to the TMGI. The apparatus may transmit the CDRX schedule to the UE.
Passive proximity detection of wireless devices in a synchronous, cooperative network
Systems and methods for passive proximity detection of wireless devices in a cellular communications network are disclosed. In one embodiment, a supporting radio access node in a cellular communications network including one or more coverage radio access nodes in a coverage layer and one or more supporting radio access nodes in a supporting layer is disclosed. In this embodiment, the supporting radio access node detects a ranging signal transmitted by a wireless device while passively listening for a ranging signal. The supporting radio access node receives ranging assistance information from an anchor radio access node of the wireless device in the coverage layer and determines a range estimate for a range between the wireless device and the supporting radio access node based on the ranging signal transmitted by the wireless device and detected by the supporting radio access node and the ranging assistance information.
Terminal device, information processing device, and information providing device
[Object] To enable prompt switching of communication.[Solution] A terminal device includes a mobile communication unit configured to perform mobile communication of a mobile communication network, an acquisition unit configured to acquire information regarding one or more wireless networks for wireless communication that is different from the mobile communication, and a providing unit configured to provide the information regarding the one or more wireless networks to another terminal device that performs the wireless communication. The information regarding the one or more wireless networks is at least partial information of information provided to the terminal device by an information providing device that provides information regarding a wireless network that is different from the mobile communication network to a device that performs the mobile communication. Each of the one or more wireless networks is a wireless network for the wireless communication to which the other terminal device is connectable through an authentication procedure.
Mobile terminal apparatus for automatically generating/changing wireless local area network (WLAN) access information and method for controlling the same
A method and apparatus for automatically generating/changing Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) access information are provided. The apparatus includes an access information management database for storing pre-registered WLAN access information of a plurality of WLAN Access Points (APs). The apparatus also includes an access information collector for collecting information for WLAN APs being accessible at a current position of the apparatus, and an access information analyzer for analyzing the collected information, and creating a list of the accessible WLAN APs. The apparatus further includes a comparator for comparing the list with the WLAN access information to determine if the WLAN APs match. The apparatus additionally includes an access information automatic changer for automatically changing current WLAN access information according to matched APs. The apparatus includes an access information generator for automatically generating new WLAN access information when no WLAN access information is matched with the APs.
Wireless communication device and operating method using the same
A wireless communication device includes a first wireless transceiving interface, a second wireless transceiving interface and a resource allocation controller. The first wireless transceiving interface is adapted to a first network architecture. The second wireless transceiving interface is adapted to a second network architecture, wherein a connection scheme of the first network architecture is more reliable than that of the second network architecture. The resource allocation controller transceives data related to the second wireless transceiving interface selectively through the first wireless transceiving interface or the second wireless transceiving interface according to a connection status information associated with the second wireless transceiving interface.
Methods and systems for software controlled devices
Spoofed radio control signaling instructions can be used to dynamically adapt management of the radio interface by radio control processors. More specifically, spoofed radio control signaling can be communicated to an accelerator application instantiated on a device-side of a radio control processor. The accelerator application can pre-process the spoofed radio control signaling before forwarding the instructions to a generic radio control processor. In one example, the generic radio control processor has a universal configuration that is capable of being adapted to different telecommunication protocols based on the spoofed radio control signaling. In another example, the spoofed radio control channel signaling is translated into control instructions at the accelerator application, which are forwarded to the generic radio control processor. The control instructions govern processing of downlink data channel transmissions and/or specify parameters of uplink transmissions.
Method for configuring serving cell in dual connectivity, user equipment, and base station
Embodiments provide a method for configuring a serving cell in dual connectivity, user equipment, and a base station. According to the method, a master eNodeB sends RRC connection reconfiguration signaling to the user equipment, where the RRC connection reconfiguration signaling carries indication information used to indicate whether an SFN of the master eNodeB and an SFN of the secondary eNodeB have same parity, or carries an SFN of the secondary eNodeB. The UE executes primary secondary cell pSCell configuration at the secondary eNodeB according to the RRC connection reconfiguration signaling. The UE may determine parity of the SFN of the secondary eNodeB according to the received indication information or the SFN of the secondary eNodeB, and then the UE performs random access to the SeNB.
Cellular-network-assisted wireless local area network channel switch announcement method
The present invention discloses a cellular-network-assisted wireless local area network (WLAN) channel switch announcement method, including the following steps: before a wireless network access point (AP) performs channel switching, delivering channel switch announcement signaling to correlated user equipment in a broadcast manner, and sending channel switch announcement request signaling to a cellular network base station that also serves the user equipment; after the cellular network base station receives the channel switch announcement request signaling, sending the channel switch announcement signaling to user equipment in an idle mode by using a cellular link air interface; and performing, by the WLAN AP, channel switching within a predetermined time, and following, by user equipment that directly acquires channel switch information by receiving the channel switch announcement signaling and user equipment that acquires channel switch information by using the cellular network base station, the WLAN AP and performing channel switching.
Repurposing protocol messages to facilitate handoff
A control element identifies the possibility that a station will transfer to a destination AP, and prepares that destination for a handoff. The control element repurposes messages from the station which indicate a possible near-term handoff, to prepare access points to receive that handoff. The control element treats a neighbor list request as a trigger to select which AP's to identify, to restrict the neighbor list to selected AP's, and to prepare each selected AP for a handoff. In selecting a destination AP, the control element also selects a particular set of related features for the combination of that AP and BSS. When an AP receives a repurposed message, it informs the control element, which selects destination AP's for transfer. The control element treats the repurposed message like a probe request. The control element prepares more than one AP for transfer if handoff is possible to more than one AP.
Method and apparatus for re-transmitting data
The present disclosure provides a method for re-transmitting data, wherein the method at a User Equipment (UE) side comprises: receiving, by a UE, a re-transmitted data packet from a base station, determining whether to perform data combination according to a Signal to Interference-Noise Ratio (SINR) of a first-transmitted data packet and a SINR of the re-transmitted data packet; when it is determined to perform data combination, performing, by the UE, data combination for the re-transmitted data packet according to information buffered by the UE and detecting the re-transmitted data packet according to a result of performed data combination; or when it is determined not to perform data combination, detecting, by the UE, the re-transmitted data packet. The present disclosure also provides a method for re-transmitting data at a base station side and a UE for implementing the above method.
Employing correlation measurements to remotely evaluate beam forming antennas
A system for evaluating the performance of beam forming antennas based on correlations of signal to noise measurements of individual scattering elements in the antennas. An RF source provides a radio frequency (RF) signal having a first frequency to an input of the antenna. Each of the antenna's scattering elements are individually selectable to emit the RF signal. A bias signal sequentially turns off and on each scattering element while emitting the RF signal. Also, a characteristic of the RF signal emitted by each scattering element is separately measured and each difference between the characteristics are identified and compared to one or more threshold values. A report regarding the differences that exceed the threshold value is provided to a user.
Radio terminal measurements in extended DRX
A terminal, and a control method for a terminal in a wireless communication system including a network of base stations, operating under extended discontinuous reception. The method comprises the steps of performing discontinuous reception of signals from a serving base station so as to listen for a paging message, with a reception periodicity having a first interval; performing radio link measurements so as to determine the need for cell selection, with a measurement periodicity having a second interval; wherein the second interval is shorter than the first interval.
Beacon for wireless environment optimization system
A beacon is provided for automatically probing the wireless environment with a large number of waveforms having different characteristics and measuring the wireless environment to ascertain optimal transmission parameters. The probing system utilizes a software defined radio beacon provided with a stored parameterized reference.
Method and apparatus for sending information
A method and apparatus for sending information are provided, herein the method for sending information includes: the sending end using a physical control channel (PDCCH) or an enhanced physical control channel (ePDCCH) or downlink control information (DCI) transmitted in the agreed resources to describe the information about time that the unlicensed carriers are occupied; the sending end sending the DCI information through licensed carriers or the unlicensed carriers; herein, the information about time includes: a starting subframe occupying an unlicensed carrier and the number of subframes that are continuously occupied starting from the starting subframe. Through the present disclosure, how to enable base stations to mutually inform about an occupation situation of the unlicensed carrier in the related art is achieved, the coordination and utilization of the unlicensed carriers in a wireless communication system are simplified the utilization rate of the unlicensed carriers is improved.
Radio spectrum sharing
System and techniques for radio spectrum sharing are described herein. A free radio spectrum block may be identified. An identification packet of the free radio spectrum block may be published. Here, the identification packet may include at least one of available spectrum, time, or area corresponding to the free radio spectrum block. An acknowledgement to the identification packet may be received. A provider of the free radio spectrum block may then be caused to cease radio communication on the available spectrum for the time and area specified in the identification packet.
Security enabled predictive mobile data caching
An approach to preemptive mobile data caching is provided, the approach involves retrieving user data associated with a user of a mobile computing device, retrieving external data associated with network service availability, predicting a location the user is travelling to based on the user data retrieved, determining a data security risk profile associated with the location predicted, based on the user data and the external data retrieved, determining data to be prefetched in advance of a user request for the data, wherein the data is determined based on an analysis of the user data retrieved, the location predicted and the data security risk profile and prefetching the data determined in advance of the user request for the data.
Universal remote appliance lifecycle management
A mobile device, which has internet connectivity and several input/output devices, includes a mobile universal remote controller (MURC) and an appliance lifecycle module. The MURC controls several appliances of different types from different vendors and the lifecycle module provides connectivity between a user of the mobile device and one of several appliance-lifecycle service providers through the input/output devices. An appliance lifecycle management server includes several appliance lifecycle databases, an access controller, and a plurality of flow handlers. The databases receive and store lifecycle information about appliances controlled by the MURCs. The access controller assigns roles and access permissions to the MURC and to server providers that access the server. The flow handlers provide a subset of the information according to the assigned roles and permissions to the MURCs and server providers and include enabling access of a selected service provider to temporarily control one of the appliances via the MURC.
Remote operation system, relay apparatus, mobile communication apparatus, in-terminal server control method, and relay processing method
A relay apparatus according to the present invention includes reception means for receiving a remote operation request, storage means for associating first identification information related to a controlled-side communication apparatus or a controlled-side user that is remotely operated with second identification information related to a control-side communication apparatus or a control-side user that remotely operates the controlled-side communication apparatus to store the first identification information in association with the second identification information as permission information, determination means for comparing the first identification information and the second identification information included in the permission information with the first identification information and the second identification information included in the remote operation request, respectively, to determine whether to allow the remote operation, and transmission means for generating a control message to transmit the control message upon determination in the determination means that the remote operation is allowed. According to the configuration, it is possible to start remote operation without requiring the controlled-side user to start up the server by himself/herself in response to the request for the remote operation.
Architecture for reconfigurable quantum key distribution networks based on entangled photons directed by a wavelength selective switch
A system and method for securing communications between a plurality of users communicating over an optical network. The system utilizes a fixed or tunable source optical generator to generate entangled photon pairs, distribute the photons and establish a key exchange between users. The distribution of entangled photon pairs is implemented via at least one wavelength selective switch.
Measures (for example methods, systems and non-transitory computer-readable storage media) to process data in an IMS network, including an HSS, an I-CSCF and an S-CSCF. The I-CSCF transmits a request message identifying a user of the IMS network to the HSS. The I-CSCF receives an answer message from the HSS. The answer message comprises an indication either that the user is assigned and not registered to the S-CSCF, or that the user is registered with the S-CSCF. The I-CSCF performs a predetermined action in response to the answer message indicating that the user is assigned to the S-CSCF.
Base station device and terminal device
There has been a problem that, when performing transmission of an SR or transmission of an RACH signal in a PUCCH in order for a terminal apparatus to request resource allocation for uplink use, the terminal apparatus transmits these signals to a pico base station apparatus in an Off-state. A base station apparatus which transmits a signal to the terminal apparatus by switching a first state in which a data signal is transmitted and a second state in which the data signal is not transmitted, includes a transmission state management unit for managing a state of the base station apparatus and a discovery signal generation unit for generating a discovery signal, in which the discovery signal is transmitted by changing a sequence generation method of a signal of the discovery signal generation unit based on information of the first state or the second state held in the transmission state management unit.
Method and apparatus for controlling transmission signal for disaster scene communication system
A method and apparatus for controlling a transmission signal for a disaster scene communication system. The method includes determining a type of a transmission message transmitted to a mobile terminal device by a control terminal device of the disaster scene communication system, determining a criticality level of the transmission message corresponding to the type of the transmission message, determining an initial distance between the control terminal device and the mobile terminal device by checking initial location information of the mobile terminal device, setting an initial transmission power in consideration of the criticality level of the transmission message corresponding to the type of the transmission message and the initial distance between the mobile terminal device and the control terminal device, and controlling a current transmission power based on the initial transmission power.
Smart wearable devices and system therefor
A description is therefore provided of technologies enhancing interoperability of devices located in a proximity from each other, with the goal of improving service performance and security. Interoperability between a wearable device on user's hand and a door or a mobile phone results in improved security as well as convenience of use. Interoperability between mobile devices and nearby devices belonging to different users, able to provide local computational power, results in lowering of bandwidth requirements for data transfer, by means of performing computations on the data being collected locally, as opposed to it being done on a remote server.
Wirelessly charged electronic device with shared inductor circuitry
An electronic device may contain an input-output device such as a speaker, vibrator, or near field communications antenna. The input-output device may include an inductor. The inductor in the input-output device may be shared by wireless charging circuitry in the electronic device so that wireless charging signals can be converted into power to charge a battery in the electronic device. A separate inductor may also be provided within an input-output device to support wireless charging. A drive circuit may supply drive signals to the input-output device such as audio signals, vibrator control signals, or near field communications output signals for external near field communications equipment. An input amplifier that is coupled across the inductor in the input-output device may be used in receiving near field communications signals.
Image forming apparatus, method of controlling the same, and storage medium
The present image forming apparatus selects an appropriate connection method in accordance with circumstances from a plurality of connection methods when communication with an information processing apparatus is established by short-range wireless communication, and notifies information necessary for performing communication by the selected connection method to the information processing apparatus via short-range wireless communication.
System and method for transmitting, storing receiving and/or retrieving identification information or data and/or pairing information or data between accessories or associated products and smart electronic devices into and/or from any distinct server or storage media
The present invention relates to a system and method for transmitting, storing receiving and/or retrieving identification information or data and/or pairing information or data between accessories or associated products and smart electronic devices into and/or from any distinct server or storage media. Accordingly, the present invention enables the user to transmit and/or store all identification information or data and/or pairing information or data of accessory or associated products that have been connected or paired to an existing smart device into a distinct server or storage media, and enables those information or data to be retrieved and/or received from the said server or storage media, into the same or another smart electronic device for the purposes of establishing and/or maintain connection and/or communication with the said accessory or associated products without the need to reinitiate the pairing process.
Trust evaluation wireless network for routing data packets
A hop-by-hop trust evaluation scheme (H-TEA) is disclosed that can be used to route a data packet between a set of network nodes in an identity anonymous wireless sensor network. The H-TEA scheme is a complete localized approach for each network node to determine a trustworthiness reputation of the data packet for routing without requiring a recommendation from another node or any historical information about the other node. In the H-TEA scheme, the trustworthiness reputation of the packet is evaluated based on one or more of four verification processes: a data quality verification process, a location verification process, a time verification process, and a travel direction verification process. The H-TEA scheme can be implemented to preform network data management and network data security in a wireless sensor network with a resource constraint and requires anonymity.
Telecommunication service employing an electronic information repository storing social network user information, developer information, and mobile network operator information
A telecommunication system that carries out telecommunication functions between multiple parties as initiated by the user interaction with a social network application, while maintaining privacy of the device identifiers (phone numbers or static IP addresses assigned to devices) of the participating parties.
Mobile communication terminal and method of recommending application or content
A mobile communication terminal and a method of recommending an application or content by providing information regarding a terminal status obtained by the mobile communication terminal when a connection device is connected to the mobile communication terminal without having to look for the application or content. The mobile communication terminal includes a connection status determining unit which determines a connection status of a connection device and the mobile communication terminal, a terminal status storage unit which stores information regarding a terminal status of the mobile communication terminal; and a recommended target executing unit which determines a recommended application based on the connection status and the information regarding the terminal status of the mobile communication terminal.
Communication system, and hot-wire sensor terminal used therein
The slave starts a continuously receiving operation after activated. When failing to receive a beacon signal in the continuously receiving operation, the slave establishes communication using a communication frame including a downstream slot managed by the slave so as to perform an intermittently receiving operation using the downstream slot at an intermittently receiving cycle equal to an integral multiple of one cycle of the communication frame. The master sends successive activation signals after activated, and subsequently sends the beacon signal. When receiving at least one of the successive activation signals in the intermittently receiving operation, the slave starts the receiving operation.
Techniques for enhancing group communication on a mobile device
Techniques for enhancing group communication on a device are described. A method may include presenting a message in a message portion of a user interface (UI) for a group communication application executing on a first device, where the group communication application communicates messages among multiple devices. The method may further include monitoring an input component for the first device and detecting a first control directive from the input component. The first control directive may select a message displayed in the message portion of the user interface. The method may further include performing a pin operation on the selected message; and presenting the pinned message in a banner portion of the UI. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Feedback signaling for multicast data transmission
Data transmission in a multicast fashion in which retransmissions are requested by recipients sending feedback to the one sender. Receiving stations are informed about the feedback of another receiving station. This is done by mirroring the feedback of receiving stations to other receiving stations. Due to this, in case, for example, one of the mirrored feedbacks is a negative acknowledgement message, the other receiving stations are informed that it is no longer necessary to provide their feedback, since a retransmission will be initiated anyway. Advantageously, this may allow reduced interference in the direction of the feedback
Smart playable device and charging systems and methods
This disclosure is generally directed to a smart playable device and charging systems and methods. The playable device can include any device that is suitable for sports, games, or play, such as balls, discs, staffs, clubs, and the like. The playable device can include rapid charging circuits to receive power from a remote charger. The playable device may transmit sensor data including motion data to a computing device. Sensor data may be interpreted by the computing device as gestures of the playable device for interacting with the computing device. Sensor data can also be interpreted as motion data during gameplay and notifications can be provided to a user based on the gameplay. In some instances, the computing device can capture image data of the playable device and identify the playable device and annotate image data based on the sensor data from the playable device.
Information processing method and electronic device thereof
An information processing method and an electronic device are provided. The method can be applied to an electronic device and comprises: receiving first information that contains first characteristic information; acquiring first location information corresponding to a first location where the electronic device is located; correlating the first location information with the first information; outputting the first information and the first location information in response to that a first operation for reviewing the first information is detected.
Systems, methods, and mediums for receiving reminders and/or identifying available goods and/or services
Examples are generally described that include methods and systems for providing a reminder and/or identifying availability of a good or service, or both. In many examples, a reminder may be provided when a computing device satisfies one or more criteria associated with a reminder request. For instance, a reminder may be provided when the location associated with a computing device is proximate a destination and when the direction of travel associated with a computing device indicates that the proximity of the computing device is increasing or decreasing relative to a predetermined location. In other examples, a computing device may be utilized to identify an entity that associated with a requested good or a requested service, or both. In some examples, a location associated with the computing device may be determined and servers associated with an entity within a range of the location may be searched to identify the request good or the requested service, or both.
Motion detection of audio sources to facilitate reproduction of spatial audio spaces
Embodiments of the invention relate generally to electrical and electronic hardware, computer software, wired and wireless network communications, and wearable/mobile computing devices configured to facilitate production and/or reproduction of spatial audio and/or one or more audio spaces. More specifically, disclosed are systems, components and methods to acoustically determine displacements of audios sources (or portions thereof), such as a subset of speaking users, for providing audio spaces and spatial sound field reproduction, for example, for a remote listener. In one embodiment, a media device includes transducers to emit audible acoustic signals into a region including one or more audio sources, acoustic probe transducers configured to emit ultrasonic signals and acoustic sensors configured to sense received ultrasonic signals reflected from an audio source. A controller can determine a displacement of the audio source. Examples of displacement include locomotion, gesture-related motion and orientation changes.
Audio system, calibration module, operating method, and computer program
The invention relates to a calibration unit (20) for an audio system (2) having a generator (4) for generating a pilot tone (6), and a detector (16a-c) for the pilot tone (6), wherein at least one parameter (P1, 2) determining the pilot tone (6) is changeable, which calibration unit comprises an input unit (22) for optionally setting the parameter (P1, 2), wherein for at least one value (W1, 2) of the parameter (P1, 2), all detectors indicate a detection of the pilot tone (6). An audio system (2) comprises said calibration unit (20). In a method for operating the calibration unit (20), the parameters (p1, 2) is regulated in such a way that all detectors (16a-c) indicate a detection of the pilot tone (6). A computer program carries out all steps of the method, when the program is performed on a computer and/or the calibration unit (20) or the audio system (2).
Sound processing apparatus and method, and program
The present technology relates to a sound processing apparatus and method, and a program for enabling more stable localization of a sound image.A virtual speaker is assumed to exist on the lower side among the sides of a tetragon having its corners formed with four speakers surrounding a target sound image position on a spherical plane. Three-dimensional VBAP is performed with respect to the virtual speaker and the two speakers located at the upper right and the upper left, to calculate gains of the two speakers at the upper right and the upper left and the virtual speaker, the gains being to be used for fixing a sound image at the target sound image position. Further, two-dimensional VBAP is performed with respect to the lower right and lower left speakers, to calculate gains of the lower right and lower left speakers, the gains being to be used for fixing a sound image at the position of the virtual speaker. The values obtained by multiplying these gains by the gain of the virtual speaker are set as the gains of the lower right and lower left speakers for fixing a sound image at the target sound image position. The present technology can be applied to sound processing apparatuses.
Hybrid, priority-based rendering system and method for adaptive audio
Embodiments are directed to a method of rendering adaptive audio by receiving input audio comprising channel-based audio, audio objects, and dynamic objects, wherein the dynamic objects are classified as sets of low-priority dynamic objects and high-priority dynamic objects, rendering the channel-based audio, the audio objects, and the low-priority dynamic objects in a first rendering processor of an audio processing system, and rendering the high-priority dynamic objects in a second rendering processor of the audio processing system. The rendered audio is then subject to virtualization and post-processing steps for playback through soundbars and other similar limited height capable speakers.
Methods and apparatus for recording impulsive sounds
Loud sounds with fast rise times, like gunfire and explosions, can cause noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Unfortunately, current models do not adequately explain how impulsive sounds cause NIHL, which makes it difficult to predict and prevent NIHL on battlefields and other hostile or rugged environments. Fortunately, the impulsive sounds experienced by soldiers and others working in rugged environments can be recorded using a compact, portable system that acquires, digitizes, and stores high-bandwidth audio data. An example of this system can be mounted on a helmet or other article and used to record hours of audio data at a bandwidth of 20 kHz or higher, which is broad enough to capture sounds with rise times less than 50 ms. An analog-to-digital converter (ADC) digitizes these broadband audio signals at rate of 40 kHz or higher to preserve the impulse information. A processor transfers the digitized samples from a buffer to a memory card for later retrieval using an interrupt-driven processing technique.
Process for magnetizing multiple magnetic circuits
A process for magnetizing multiple magnetic circuits. The process comprises the following steps: S1, fixing an un-magnetized internal magnetic circuit assembly (12) to an un-magnetized external magnetic circuit assembly (22), so as to assemble into an un-magnetized magnetic circuit assembly (32); and S2, magnetizing the un-magnetized magnetic circuit assembly (32) that is completed in the Step S1, in this step the un-magnetized internal magnetic circuit assembly (12) and the un-magnetized external magnetic circuit assembly (22) are magnetized respectively by using an internal magnetic circuit magnetizing coil (40) and an external magnetic circuit magnetizing coil (50), so as to complete the process for magnetizing multiple magnetic circuits.
Stereo user interface elements placed in 3D space for virtual reality applications in head mounted displays
A method to create a seamlessly immersive experience by having stereo components placed in 3D space, keeping realism and engagement as high as possible, to simulate virtual reality applications in a head mounted display. The method involves a placement of stereo user interface elements in 3D space for use in a virtual reality applications using a proprietary layered panoramas method. The invention utilizes a placement into 3D space, flat 2D stereoscopic user interface elements so that they fit in an immersive experience and appear to match in a z depth plane for the experience.
Systems and methods for using a piezoelectric speaker as a microphone in a mobile device
In accordance with embodiments of the present disclosure, a device may include a piezoelectric speaker for generating sound, a microphone, and a controller communicatively coupled to the speaker and the microphone. The controller may be configured to receive a first signal from the piezoelectric speaker, the first signal induced at least in part by sound incident on the speaker other than sound generated by the piezoelectric speaker, receive a second signal from the microphone, the second signal induced by sound incident on the microphone, process at least one of the first signal and the second signal to determine at least one characteristic of sound incident upon at least one of the piezoelectric speaker and the microphone, and select at least one of the microphone and the piezoelectric speaker as a signal source for incident sound based on the at least one characteristic.
Systems and methods for using a speaker as a microphone
In accordance with methods and systems of the present disclosure, a mobile device may include an enclosure adapted such that the enclosure is readily transported by a user of the mobile device, a speaker associated with the enclosure for generating sound, and a controller within the enclosure, communicatively coupled to the speaker. The controller may be configured to receive a signal from the speaker, the signal induced at least in part by sound incident on the speaker other than sound generated by the speaker and process the signal.
Directivity control system, directivity control device, abnormal sound detection system provided with either thereof and directivity control method
By registering a set range and a sound type which are not subject to detection of an abnormal sound in advance, a PC performs an alert notification in a case of detecting a sound which is regarded as an abnormal sound, and does not perform an alert notification in a case of detecting a sound which is not regarded as an abnormal sound. That is, in a target area such as a hotel lobby, a sound output from a television provided therein, a water sound emitted by a fountain, and the like are no longer erroneously detected as an abnormal sound. Further, the PC forms the directivity of sound data in a direction toward an actual position corresponding to a designated position on an image of a sound pickup area displayed on a display.
Microphone array with rear venting
Techniques for noise suppression systems coupled to one or more microphone arrays are described, including a housing, a first microphone, a second microphone, and a third microphone, where the third microphone functions as a common rear vent for the first and the second microphones.
An acoustic device that has a neck loop that is constructed and arranged to be worn around the neck. The neck loop includes a housing with a first acoustic waveguide having a first sound outlet opening, and a second acoustic waveguide having a second sound outlet opening. There is a first open-backed acoustic driver acoustically coupled to the first waveguide and a second open-backed acoustic driver acoustically coupled to the second waveguide.
Secure audio acquisition system with limited frequency range for privacy
Systems, apparatuses and methods for secure audio acquisition. The method includes receiving audio data via a digital microphone. The digital microphone outputs a single bit at a high sampling rate. The digital microphone output is converted to a full range audio signal. The full range audio signal is filtered to provide a band limited audio output that avoids capture of enough of a spectral range of speech for the speech to be intelligible.
Ear piece with pseudolite connectivity
An earpiece includes an earpiece housing and a location receiver disposed within the ear piece housing. The earpiece is configured to determine location of the earpiece using the location receiver. The ear piece is configured to generate three-dimensional sounds based on the location of the earpiece relative to location of one or more sound sources. The location receiver may be configured to receive signals from one or more pseudo satellites and use the signals to determine the location. The earpiece may be configured to receive signals from one or more terrestrial or ground-based transmitters and use the signals to determine the location. The ear piece may further include an inertial sensor disposed within the earpiece housing.
Magnetic retention of earbud within cavity
A case for an earbud includes a receiving cavity sized and shaped to accept the earbud within the receiving cavity. The case includes one or more housing magnetic components configured to magnetically attract and secure the earbud within the receiving cavity.
A microelectromechanical microphone includes: a substrate; a sensor chip, integrating a microelectromechanical electroacoustic transducer; and a control chip operatively coupled to the sensor chip. In one embodiment, the sensor chip and the control chip are bonded to the substrate, and the sensor chip overlies, or at least partially overlies, the control chip. In another embodiment, the sensor is bonded to the substrate and a barrier is located around at least a portion of the sensor chip.
Planar photonic switch fabrics with reduced waveguide crossings
Techniques for using planar photonic switch fabrics with reduced waveguide crossings are described. In one embodiment, a system is provided that comprises a memory that stores computer-executable components and a processor that executes computer-executable components stored in the memory. In one implementation, the computer-executable components comprise an arrangement component that arranges a first planar switch fabric topology. The computer-executable components further comprise a transformation component that interleaves a plurality of inputs of the first planar switch fabric topology and a plurality of outputs of the first planar switch fabric topology to form a second planar switch fabric topology, the second planar switch fabric topology having a lower number of waveguide crossings than the first planar switch fabric topology.
Computing infrastructure optimizations based on tension levels between computing infrastructure nodes
A system comprises a scoring engine comprising at least one processor and memory. The scoring engine is to generate, based on telemetry information obtained from a plurality of nodes of a computing infrastructure, a first availability score for a first node of the plurality of computing infrastructure nodes and a second availability score for a second node of the plurality of computing infrastructure nodes. The scoring engine is further to generate, based on the first availability score of the first computing infrastructure node and the second availability score of the second computing infrastructure node, an edge tension score for a link between the first node and the second node.
System for monitoring condition of adjustable construction temporary supports
A system for adjustable construction or demolition temporary supports is disclosed. The adjustable construction or demolition temporary support includes a plurality of sensor devices for measuring load on the support and signal detection and communication device that being in communication with the sensor devices. The communication device further comprises a display unit and/or audio output unit for providing visual and/or audible alarm for alarming conditions. The signal detection and communication device further includes a wireless transceiver for remote monitoring.
Caption extraction and analysis
Methods and systems are disclosed for real-time metatagging and captioning of an event and caption extraction and analysis for such event. The method for the real-time metatagging and captioning and caption extraction and analysis of an event may include embedding metatag information in a caption file provided by a captioner. The embedded and/or extracted metatag information may allow a user to access additional information via the text of the captioned event. Data, words, or phrases can be provided by the captioner during captioning or, post-captioning, extracted from the one or more segments of the caption transcript. Metadata based on said providing and/or extracting is provided. The metadata is stored in a metadata archive, where the metadata is associated with the caption transcript.
Consumer-configurable alternative advertising reception with incentives
An original advertisement is transformed at a first content viewing device into a transferrable incentivized deferred advertisement that itself includes as added encoded data elements a configured incentive, a configured incentive time period within which to obtain the configured incentive, and a reporting instruction that causes an alternative content viewing device to report advertisement viewing back to the first content viewing device. The transferrable incentivized deferred advertisement, that includes the added encoded data elements, is transferred to the alternative content viewing device.
Set-top box with enhanced controls
A set-top box with enhanced content and system and method for use of the same are disclosed. In one embodiment, a wireless transceiver is located within a housing, which also interconnectively includes a television input, television output, a processor, and memory. The set-top box may establish a pairing with a proximate wireless-enabled interactive programmable device having a display. Content, such music, for example, may be imported from the proximate wireless-enabled interactive programmable device and provided to the television. While the music is playing, the set-top box may generate and provide to the television a control signal that includes instructions to adjust the brightness of the television by dimming the television.
Method and apparatus for video playing processing and television
A method and an apparatus for video playing processing and a TV are provided. The method for video playing processing includes: initiating a second thread in parallel with a first thread if a preview operation is received, when the video is played by the first thread, wherein the preview operation is used for indicating a fast forward or fast backward operation on the video; obtaining, by the second thread, a video clip at a video playing position corresponding to the preview operation in the first thread; obtaining, by the second thread, at least one frame image decoded from the video clip; displaying, by the second thread, the at least one frame image on a playing screen of the video played by the first thread. In the process of the fast forward or fast backward, playing of the current video is not affected, resulting in a better user experience.
Point-to-point content navigation using an auxiliary device
One embodiment provides a system comprising a content navigation application module including a user interface unit, a synchronization unit, and a content navigation control unit. The user interface unit generates first metadata information associated with a content frame of a first piece of content. The synchronization unit synchronizes the display of the first metadata information with the display of the content frame during content playback of said first piece of content. The first metadata information and the content frame are displayed on different devices. The content navigation control unit enables content navigation based on user interaction with the first metadata information when the first metadata information is displayed.
System and method for providing information related to an advertisement included in a broadcast through a network to a client terminal
The present invention relates to a system and method for providing information related to an advertisement included in a broadcast over a network. The present invention provides a system for providing information related to an advertisement included in a broadcast to a client terminal, including a display unit, broadcast reception means and network connection means, over a network (hereinafter referred to as an “advertisement-related information provision system”), the system including a related information management unit configured to store related information corresponding to each advertisement included in a broadcast that is provided via a broadcast channel; an advertisement information identification unit configured to identify whether an advertisement stored in the related information management unit is being played during the broadcast that is provided via the broadcast channel; and a related information transmission unit configured to transmit related information, stored in the related information management unit for the advertisement identified by the advertisement information identification unit, to the client terminal over the network; wherein the client terminal includes a related information display unit configured to perform control so that the received related information is displayed on the display unit, and a method using the same.
Generating a representation of a user's reaction to media content
[Object] To provide a client apparatus, control method, system and program capable of presenting emotion expression data showing viewing reactions of other users or a user himself or herself.[Solution] There is provided a client apparatus including: an acquisition unit that acquires a reaction of a viewing user to a content; an emotion estimation unit which estimates an emotion of a viewing user based on reaction information of the viewing user acquired by the acquisition unit; a determination unit that determines emotion expression data representing an emotion estimated by the emotion estimation unit; and an output unit that outputs emotion expression data determined by the determination unit.
Method and system for remotely transcoding content
A system and method for remotely transcoding content includes a cloud location storing content titles, communicating at least one of the content titles to a user device to form communicated content titles. The user device is in communication with the cloud location through a network. The user device generates a selection signal for selecting a first content title from communicated content titles to form a selection. The user device negotiates settings by intercommunicating between the user device and the cloud location in response to form the selection. The user device communicates the selection to the cloud location. The cloud location has a transcoder device transcoding content corresponding to the selection to form transcoded content in response to the optimal settings. The cloud location communicates the transcoded content to the user device.
System and method for visual editing
A system and method for visual editing of an input signal, including an editing device comprising a device screen, a media module, a user input module, and an output module. The media module receives an input signal which includes at least one visual component. The device screen comprises a source screen and a delay screen, wherein the input signal is displayed on the source screen in real time, and the input signal is displayed on the delay screen in delay time, with the delay time being adjustable. The user input module allows the user to create at least one clip comprising a portion of the input signal as it is displayed on the delay screen. The output module is structured to output the clip.
Transmission and consumption of time-shifted content in a one-way communication environment
Aspects of the disclosure relate to control of transmission and consumption of content in a device, such as an end-point rendering device. The content can include linear-programming content assets and/or time-shifted content assets. Consumption can be mediated by a control device that can coordinate the functional interaction between the device and a content distribution network node or an access network node that can supply the content and related information.
Head end generalization
A computer-implemented method includes receiving information associated with a user of media services, wherein the received information does not uniquely identify one media head end for the user, identifying a plurality of head ends responsive to the received information, and generating, for display on a client device associated with the user, information for displaying a program guide aggregating channels for the plurality of head ends.
Incentivizing insertion forecast validation in intelligent insertion of secondary content in live streaming
A non-climactic period is forecasted during a live streaming of a main content, where a likelihood of an occurrence of any climactic event in the non-climactic period is below a threshold likelihood, and where a second content is inserted during the non-climactic period. A validation is requested from a first user of the live streaming, of the forecasted non-climactic period and a first response to the request is received from the first user. Based on the first response, a first rank of the first user is computed relative to another user in a group of responding users. A first dynamic delay period that has an inverse relationship with the first rank is computed for the first user. A first transmission of a future portion of the live streaming to the first user is delayed by at least the first dynamic delay period.
Playback devices and methods for playing back alternative streams of content protected using a common set of cryptographic keys
Systems and methods for performing adaptive bitrate streaming using alternative streams of protected content in accordance with embodiments of the invention are described. One embodiment of the invention includes a processor, and memory containing a client application. In addition, the client application configures the processor to: request a top level index file identifying a plurality of alternative streams of protected content, where each of the alternative streams of protected content are encrypted using common cryptographic information; obtain the common cryptographic information; request portions of content from at least the plurality of alternative streams of protected content; access the protected content using the common cryptographic information; and playback the content.
Motion estimation method for frame rate converter and video processor using the same
A motion estimation method for a frame rate converter includes generating a plurality of unidirectional motion vectors (MVs) based on a first original frame and a second original frame; classifying each of the plurality of unidirectional MVs as a reliable MV or a mismatch MV; mapping the reliable MV onto one of a plurality of blocks of an interpolation frame; classifying each of the plurality of blocks as a high confidence block or a low confidence block based on whether there is at least one reliable MV mapped onto the block; and determining an assigned MV for each of the high confidence block by selecting one of the at least one reliable MV mapped onto the high confidence block.
Processing live video streams over hierarchical clusters
A global manager communicates with various local managers to receive and process video queries. The video queries identify components that process live video streams, placement options for where the components of the video query may be executed, and various video query plans. The video query plans include options such as framerate and video quality. As the global manager processes the video queries, the global manager determines an initial set of video query configurations that identify a video query plan and placement option for each component of a given video query. Using the initial set of video query configurations, the global manager then determines an optimal set of video query configurations for the received set of video queries. The global manager communications instructions to the local managers to execute the components of the video queries using the video query plans and placement options from the optimal set of video query configurations.
Video encoding apparatus and video decoding apparatus and encoding method and decoding method thereof
A video encoding apparatus for encoding a plurality of image blocks in a video frame includes an intra-frame prediction module, a transformation module and a quantization module. The intra-frame prediction module performs intra-frame prediction on the image blocks to generate a plurality of residual blocks. The transformation module performs a transformation on a target residual block along a predetermined direction according to a transformation matrix to generate a transformation result. The transformation matrix is a product of an initial transformation matrix and a secondary transformation matrix. The initial transformation matrix corresponds to a one-dimensional initial transform performed along the predetermined direction in a two-dimensional initial transform. The secondary transformation matrix corresponds to a one-dimensional secondary transform performed along the predetermined direction in a two-dimensional secondary transform. The quantization module quantizes the transformation result.
Video coding apparatus and video coding method
A video coding apparatus including a dividing part that outputs the coding target picture divided for each coding unit (basic CU); a prediction processor that generates a prediction image by performing one of intra prediction and inter-screen prediction; a difference calculator that generates a difference image by calculating a difference between the generated prediction image and an image corresponding to the prediction image in the coding target picture; a residual coder that generates a residual coefficient by performing transform processing and quantization processing on the generated difference image; an integration unit that integrates a plurality of basic CUs included in an N×N-pixel region into one new CU, and a code string generator that generates a code string corresponding to the post-integration new CU by performing variable-length coding and arithmetic coding on coding information and the residual coefficient.
Image reconstruction in which unknown patch is replaced by selected patch
An image processing device according to one of the exemplary aspects of the present invention includes: inferring means for selecting, for each of local unknown patches including a target unknown patch, candidate patches from a plurality of input patches based on similarity to the local unknown patch, the local unknown patches being images generated from a part of an unknown image, the plurality of input patches being images generated from a plurality of input images, a subject ID (Identifier) being correlated with the input patches that are generated from an input image to which the subject ID is assigned in the plurality of input image; first score calculation means for calculating a score representing nearness of a candidate patch in the candidate patches to a local unknown patch in the local unknown patches; and patch replacement means for calculating a score summation for the subject ID by summing up scores of the candidate patches being correlated with a same subject ID in the candidate patches of the local unknown patches, and selecting, as a selected patch being used for reconstruction of a reconstruction image, a candidate patch that is correlated with the subject ID for which the score summation is highest from the candidate patches selected for the target unknown patch.
Video coding using parameterized motion models
A current block of a video frame can be encoded or decoded using parameterized motion models. First and second parameterized motion models are identified. The first parameterized motion model corresponds to a first motion model type, and the second parameterized motion model corresponds to a second motion model type. The first and second parameterized motion models are associated with one or more reference frames. One of the first or second parameterized motion models is selected along with an associated reference frame, such as based on a lowest prediction error. A motion vector is generated between the current block and the selected reference frame by warping pixels of the current block to a warped patch of the selected reference frame according to the selected parameterized motion model. A prediction block is generated using the motion vector, and the current block is encoded or decoded using the prediction block.
Configurable motion estimation search systems and methods
System and method for improving operational efficiency of a video encoding pipeline used to encode image data. The video encoding pipeline includes a motion estimation setup block, which dynamically adjusts a setup configuration of the motion estimation block based at least in part on operational parameters of the video encoding pipeline and select an initial candidate inter-frame prediction mode based at least on the setup configuration, a full-pel motion estimation block, which determines an intermediate candidate inter-frame prediction mode by performing a motion estimation search based on the initial candidate inter-frame prediction mode, a sub-pel motion estimation block, which determines a final candidate inter-frame prediction by performing a motion estimation search based on the intermediate candidate inter-frame prediction mode, and a mode decision block, which determines a rate-distortion cost associated with the final candidate inter-frame prediction mode and determines a prediction mode used to prediction encoding the image data.
Split framebuffer encoding
A virtual desktop can be remoted to a client device by transmitting a video stream using a video coding format, such as H.264, where higher resolution video can be streamed than natively supported by the encoder or decoder. The encoder framebuffer is divided into a plurality of equal size child buffers, each child buffer is assigned an identifier for identifying the child buffer. Padding pixels can be added to the child buffers to make the child buffer size acceptable for the video coding format. The child buffers are encoded using the video coding format and the encoded frames are transmitted to a client. On the decoder side, the encoded child frames are decoded, padding pixels are removed, and the data is used to update corresponding child buffers in a framebuffer on the client display system.
Apparatus and method of restoring image
Restoring an image is achieved by restoring a block by executing at least one first restoring function and at least one second restoring function. The first restoring function may be implemented using software, and the second restoring function may be implemented using hardware. By assigning restoring functions to be either first restoring functions or second restoring functions, even an image having high resolution can be restored and reproduced in real-time.
Transmission device, transmission method, reception device, and reception method
It is possible to perform excellent reproduction regardless of whether or not a reception side supports a high frame rate. Image data of pictures configuring moving image data are classified into a plurality of layers, the classified image data of the pictures of each of the layers is encoded, and a video stream including the encoded image data of the pictures of each of the layers is generated. A container of a predetermined format including the generated video stream is transmitted. Time correction information for correcting a decoding timing is inserted into the encoded image data and/or a packet containing the encoded image data in association with each of the encoded image data of the pictures of a predetermined layer or a layer lower than the predetermined layer.
Image encoder, image decoder, and image transmission device
Making effective use of an image encoder and an image decoder for processing a color image of a general-purpose standard bit depth, an image transmission device capable of transmitting/receiving a monochrome image of a higher bit depth is configured. An image transmission device includes an image encoder to encode a high bit-depth monochrome image and output encoded data and an image decoder to generate, by decoding the encoded data received via a transmission path, a high bit-depth monochrome image. The image encoder decomposes the input high bit-depth image data into plural bit planes corresponding to color image data of a standard bit depth and encodes the standard bit-depth color image data. The image decoder decodes the color image data of the standard bit depth and synthesizes, from the decoded standard bit-depth color image data, a high bit-depth monochrome image.
Embedding information about EOB positions
A method for decoding a transform block of quantized transform coefficients includes decoding a predetermined number of coefficients of the quantized transform coefficients, determining a value for the predetermined number of coefficients, and decoding a subsequent quantized transform coefficient by reading bits from the encoded bitstream and traversing a coefficient token tree having a root node indicating an EOB token. The decoding of the subsequent quantized transform coefficient uses the value to determine whether to traverse the coefficient token tree starting at the root node or at another node. A method for encoding a transform block of quantized transform coefficients includes partitioning the quantized transform coefficients into at least a first coefficients group and a second coefficients group, determining a value of the first coefficients group, and encoding, based on the value, a bit indicative of an end-of-block (EOB) for a transform coefficient of the second coefficients group.
Method and apparatus for syntax signaling in image and video compression
A method and apparatus of coding using multiple coding modes with multiple color spaces are provided. For the encoder side, a coding mode is selected from a coding mode group. A corresponding color domain is associated with the coding mode and the corresponding color domain is selected from a color-domain group including at least two different color domains. The current coding unit is then encoded in the corresponding color domain using the coding mode. Furthermore, the syntax of the corresponding color domain is signaled in current coding unit syntaxes. The different color domains may include RGB color domain and YCoCg color domain. According to another method, if the midpoint prediction (MPP) mode is selected, a current block is color transformed into another color domain and the MPP coding process is performed in said another color domain.
Coding method for coding moving image
In a coding method, a background image is extracted from a target frame included in a moving image. A plurality of kinds of pieces of metadata, indicating a feature of at least one object included in the target frame, are extracted from the target frame. The plurality of kinds of pieces of metadata are hierarchically disposed in each kind, and coded information is generated. The coded information includes background image information, specifying the background image, and meta-information, indicating a part of or all the pieces of metadata corresponding to a hierarchy selected from the plurality of kinds of pieces of metadata.
Method and device for entropy coding/decoding
The present invention relates to an entropy decoding method which includes: generating context related to a bin that forms a codeword of a syntax element; and performing arithmetic decoding of the bin based on the context.
Method and apparatus for multi-table based context adaptive binary arithmetic coding
A method and apparatus of entropy coding for a video encoder or decoder using multiple-table based Context-Based Adaptive Binary Arithmetic Coder (CABAC) are disclosed. In one embodiment, a current bin of a binary data of a current coding symbol is encoded or decoded according to a probability of a binary value of the current bin and the probability of the binary value is updated according to the binary value of the current bin for a next bin by using multiple-parameter probability models. Each multiple-parameter probability model is updated using at least one lookup table with the individual set of probability state as a table index to access contents of said at least one lookup table. In another embodiment, the range update is calculated for a range interval based on middle value of the range interval.
Chroma quantization parameter extension
The quantization parameters (QP) for Chroma are extended up to and more preferably to the same range as Luma QP (e.g., 0 to 51). Previous, values of Chroma QP only extended up to 39. Techniques are provided for determining extended Chroma QP values (e.g., for Cr and Cb) based on the Luma QP and picture level chroma offsets. In one preferred embodiment, slice level offsets are added making the method particularly well-suited for slice level parallel processing. The extension of Chroma QP enhances functionality, flexibility and friendliness of the High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) standard for various applications.
Method and apparatus for encoding and decoding image by using large transform unit
A method of decoding an image in which wherein, when a prediction mode is an inter prediction mode, not an intra prediction mode, a size of at least one prediction unit in the coding unit is determined independently from a size of at least one transformation unit in the coding unit.
Mobile display device
Mobile display device 100 for enabling a user to obtain either three-dimensional [3D] or two-dimensional [2D] viewing of content, comprising a 3D display 120 for enabling the 3D viewing of the content, a 2D display 140 for enabling the 2D viewing of the content, a display processor for displaying the content as 3D content 124 on the 3D display and for displaying the content as 2D content 144 on the 2D display, the 3D display and the 2D display being arranged on opposite faces 122, 142 of the device for enabling the user to obtain either the 3D viewing or the 2D viewing of the content by turning 102 the device about-face.
Automated 3D photo booth
This fully-automated 3D photo booth uses a single-or dual-lens camera or other depth sensors. Depth algorithms process the pictures taken, which can be inserted into themed templates. A novel method of coarse segmentation separates the foreground and background. The photo booth dispenses an interlaced print and snap-in photo frame, or gives the option of viewing on a mobile device or sending via email or social media. On a mobile device, the 3D viewing is with a snap-on or adhesive optical overlay if available, using novel lenticules that solve Moiré artifacts. In the absence of an optical overlay, tilt sensors are used to move the viewpoint of the 3D scene model, to look around objects in the foreground, the same as if real objects were being tilted back and forth.
High resolution dot pattern
The present invention embraces a system for measuring the 3D shape of an object using a structured light projector and an image sensor such as a scanner or camera. The structured light projector “projects” a pseudo random dot pattern onto the object that is positioned on a planar surface. The image sensor captures the 3D image of the object from the reflective surface and determines the dimensions or shape of the object. The surface displays the projected dot pattern and defines a grid based on the projected dot pattern. The dot pattern comprising a plurality of dots distributed on the grid such that neighboring dots within a certain sub-window size are unique sub-patterns. The neighboring dots are arranged in a staggered grid format relative to one axis of grid.
Self-adjusting portable modular 360-degree projection and recording computer system
The present disclosure relates to an innovative projection system that comprises a camera that records images and videos, and sends the recorded images and videos to a computing device, a projector that projects output images or videos received from the computing device, a rechargeable battery that provides power to the camera and the projector and a communication unit that establishes connections between the camera, the projector and the computing device. The projection system has at least one motor that rotates the camera and the projector in at least one axial direction, where the camera rotates and searches for images and videos projected by another projector, and the projector then projects images and videos adjacent to or on top of the images and videos projected by another projector, or projects images and videos that merge with the images and videos projected by another projector.
Device and method for characterization of subjective speckle formation
The invention concerns a device for characterization of subjective speckle formation, especially for quantification of the speckle contrast. The device has a projection surface (9) and a coherent or partly coherent light source (10) for projecting of an image onto the projection surface (9), a detection unit (11) for generating of speckle images (13) of the image projected onto the projection surface (9), as well as a data acquisition and analysis unit (12) for processing and evaluation of image data.
Structured light generation and processing on a mobile device
A system comprising: a handheld mobile device comprising: a projector unit configured to project an image; a camera; and a prism configured to reflect the image projected by the projector such that the camera can capture the projected image.
Resonant biaxial MEMS reflector with piezoelectric actuators, and projective MEMS system including the same
A MEMS device includes a fixed structure and a mobile structure with a reflecting element coupled to the fixed structure through at least a first deformable structure and a second deformable structure. Each of the first and second deformable structures includes a respective number of main piezoelectric elements, with the main piezoelectric elements of the first and second deformable structures configured to be electrically controlled for causing oscillations of the mobile structure about a first axis and a second axis, respectively. The first deformable structure further includes a respective number of secondary piezoelectric elements configured to be controlled so as to vary a first resonance frequency of the mobile structure about the first axis.
Using an avatar in a videoconferencing system
Systems and methods for videoconferencing using an avatar are described. The presence of a user may be detected by analyzing video captured by a digital camera. The avatar may be provided to a remote device to represent the detected user.
Communication management system, communication system, computer-readable recording medium, and maintenance system
A communication management system includes: a storage unit configured to store destination information of a first communication terminal that establishes a first session with a relay device that relays communication data, destination information of a conversion system that performs mutual conversion between communication schemes of communication data transmitted from the first communication terminal and a second communication terminal and establishes a second session with the relay device, and destination information of the second communication terminal that establishes a third session with the conversion system; a receiving unit configured to receive start request information to start communication between the communication terminals from the first communication terminal; an extracting unit configured to extract destination information of each communication terminal and the conversion system stored in the storage unit, based on the received start request information; and a transmitting unit configured to transmit the extracted destination information to the relay device.
Latency mitigation through intelligent extrapolation in multimedia systems
In one embodiment, a device de-multiplexes a stream of multimedia data into first and second media streams. The device determines that a portion of the first media stream is missing for co-presentation with a corresponding portion of the second media stream due to a present latency condition. The device associates the corresponding portion of the second media stream with a previously received portion of the second media stream. The device generates media data for the first media stream for co-presentation with the corresponding portion of the second media stream in lieu of the missing portion of the first media stream, based on a previously received portion of the first media stream associated with the previously received portion of the second media stream. The device provides the generated media data and the corresponding portion of the second media stream for co-presentation by one or more user interfaces.
Information handling system sliding display and camera arrangement
A portable information handling system selectively slides a display integrated in a housing relative to the housing to expose and cover a camera integrated in the housing behind the display. For example, upon execution of a videoconferencing application, an actuator slides the display to expose the camera to support a videoconference, and after the videoconference application completes, the display slides to cover the camera, thus providing security against unauthorized viewing through the camera, which is physically blocked from receiving light.
Conversion method and conversion apparatus
A conversion method for converting luminance of a video, including a luminance value in a first luminance range, to be displayed on a display apparatus includes: acquiring a first luminance signal indicating a code value obtained by quantization of the luminance value of the video; and converting the code value indicated by the acquired first luminance signal into a second luminance value determined based on a luminance range of the display apparatus, the second luminance value being compatible with a second luminance range with a maximum value smaller than a maximum value of the first luminance range and larger than 100 nit. This provides the conversion method capable of achieving further improvement.
Video recording system and method
The present invention relates to a method of recording a video data stream, the method comprising: receiving a video data stream from a camera device; monitoring for an input from a user; in response to receipt of a first input from a user, commencing storage of the received video data stream in a data storage device; in response to receipt of a second input from a user, halting storage of the received video data stream in the data storage device; in response to receipt of a third input from a user, halting storage of the received video data stream in the data storage device, deleting data stored in the data storage device since the last commencement of storage of the video data stream, and commencing further storage of the received video data stream in a data storage device. The present invention further relates to a video recording system for carrying out the aforementioned method.
Low power framework for controlling image sensor mode in a mobile image capture device
The present disclosure provides an image capture, curation, and editing system that includes a resource-efficient mobile image capture device that continuously captures images. In particular, the present disclosure provides low power frameworks for controlling image sensor mode in a mobile image capture device. On example low power frame work includes a scene analyzer that analyzes a scene depicted by a first image and, based at least in part on such analysis, causes an image sensor control signal to be provided to an image sensor to adjust at least one of the frame rate and the resolution of the image sensor.
Display screen manufacturing method
A method of manufacturing display screens/display screen enclosures (and concomitant display screens/display screen enclosures thus produced) comprising extruding metal to create metal extrusion profiles of the display screen enclosures, casting metal to create metal castings for corners of the display screen enclosures, joining the metal castings to the metal extrusion profiles together forming a frame, and fabricating a sheet metal back panel for structural rigidity and to provide a mounting surface within the frame.
Dark current reduction in image sensors via dynamic electrical biasing
Image sensors and methods of using image sensors are disclosed. In an embodiment, the image sensor includes pixel regions having optically sensitive material (OSM). A bias voltage is provided to the OSM via a bias electrode for each pixel region. A pixel circuit (PC) for each pixel region includes a read out circuit and a charge store (CS) coupled to the OSM of the respective pixel region. The PC resets voltage on the CS to a reset voltage during a reset period, integrates charge from the OSM to the CS during an integration period, and reads out a signal from the CS during a read out period. The PC includes a reference voltage node coupled to the CS during the reset period and the read out circuit during the read out period, a reference voltage is applied to the reference voltage node and is varied during operation of the PC.
Backside illuminated global shutter pixel with active reset
An image sensor may include an array of pixels arranged in rows and columns. The array of pixels may operate in a global shutter mode. Each pixel in the array of pixels may have a floating diffusion node for storing charge and may include an active reset circuit that acts as an inverting amplifier and that resets the floating diffusion node to a predetermined reference voltage, which eliminates the need for correlated double sampling readout. A sampling circuit may be coupled to the active reset circuit. The sampling circuit may sample and store signals that correspond to the amount of charge stored at the floating diffusion node. The sampling circuit may pass stored signals to a column sensing line through an amplifier. The amplifier may include a source follower transistor that provides proportional amplification to the stored signals and may include an active reset circuit for resetting the sampling circuit.
Crosstalk processing module, method of processing crosstalk and image processing system
A crosstalk processing module configured to process a crosstalk of an image signal includes a correction element generation unit, a storage, and a crosstalk correction check unit. The correction element generation unit receives the image signal and input information associated with at least a size of the image signal and generates seed values and correction parameters which are used to correct the crosstalk, based on the input information and a representative channel image signal obtained by separating the image signal with respect to color. The storage stores the seed values and the correction parameters. The crosstalk correction check unit receives the image signal, receives the seed values and the correction parameters from the storage, corrects the crosstalk, and outputs a final image signal and pass/fail information indicating a pass or fail of the correction of the crosstalk based on a plurality of reference values.
Image capturing apparatus and control method thereof
Unit pixels that perform photoelectric conversion of light from an object are arrayed in a matrix manner. An image sensor having the unit pixels outputs a first signal for image generation based on an electric charge generated in each of the unit pixels and a second signal for phase difference detection based on an electric charge generated in a partial region of each of the unit pixels. A scanner controls scanning for reading out the first signal and the second signal for each row. The scanner performs first scanning by which the first signal is read out by being thinned out in a first period, and second scanning by which the second signal is read out in a row, in which the first signal is not read out in the first scanning, by being thinned out in each second period with a predetermined thinning rate.
Method for driving imaging device including photoelectric conversion layer
A method for driving an imaging device which includes unit pixel cells each including a first electrode, a second electrode, and a photoelectric conversion layer between the first electrode and second electrode, the photoelectric conversion layer having a photocurrent characteristic including a first voltage range, a second voltage range, and a third voltage range where an absolute value of a rate of change of the current density relative to the bias voltage is less than in the first voltage range and the second voltage range, the method including supplying a first voltage to the second electrode in a first period, and supplying a second voltage different from the first voltage to the second electrode in a second period different from the first period such that the bias voltage applied to the photoelectric conversion layer falls within the third voltage range.
Solid-state imaging device, X-ray imaging system, and solid-state imaging device driving method
A solid-state imaging device includes a photodetecting unit including MN pixels arrayed two-dimensionally in M rows and N columns, an output unit outputting a digital value generated on the basis of the amount of charge input from the pixels, and a control unit. The control unit divides the MN pixels in the photodetecting unit into unit regions each including pixels in Q rows and R columns, divides the unit regions arrayed two-dimensionally in (M/Q) rows and (N/R) columns into binning regions each including unit regions in K rows and one column, and repeatedly outputs the digital value according to the sum of amounts of the charges output from KQR pixels included in each binning region from the output unit K times in a column order for each row sequentially for the binning regions arrayed two-dimensionally in (M/KQ) rows and (N/R) columns.
Use of wireless connection loss to facilitate identifying and recording video capture location
A method and system to facilitate identifying and recording capture location of recorded video. A computing system determines multiple locations where a first wireless communication module and second wireless communication module have lost wireless connectivity with each other, as possible locations where a video camera may be used to capture video. The computing system then outputs, for presentation to the videographer or another user, a location-selection prompt that specifies the multiple determined locations as candidate capture-locations for a video that was captured by the video camera. Further, the computing system receives, in response to the location-selection prompt, data that represents a user selection of one of the specified locations. The computing system then records the selected location as capture-location metadata for the video, such as capture-location data integrated with the video or in a database relationship with the video.
Electronic apparatus, method for controlling electronic apparatus, and non-transitory computer readable recording medium
An underwater sensor is configured to detect an underwater state in which at least part of an exterior of the electronic apparatus is located in the water and an above-water state in which the at least part of the exterior is not located in the water. An acceleration sensor is configured to detect acceleration. An image sensor includes a transparent member located in the exterior and is configured to receive light entering through the transparent member and generate a captured image. At least one processor is configured to identify a water surface image among a plurality of captured images generated by the image sensor, based on the acceleration and a transition timing at which one of the underwater state and the above-water state changes to the other state, the water surface image being captured when the transparent member reaches a water surface.
Display-data processor including first and second buffers and timing generator that variably outputs horizontal synchronization signal
A display-data processor includes a first buffer, a display data generator, a second buffer, a timing signal generator, and a display data output circuit. The first buffer stores image data corresponding to an Nth line of a display. The display data generator generates display data corresponding to the Nth line of the display based on the image data. The second buffer stores the display data corresponding to the Nth line of the display. The timing signal generator outputs a horizontal synchronization signal corresponding to the Nth line of the display after the display data had been generated. The display data output circuit outputs the display data corresponding to the Nth line of the display within a horizontal synchronization period prescribed by the horizontal synchronization signal corresponding to the Nth line of the display after the horizontal synchronization signal corresponding to the Nth line of the display had been outputted. The horizontal synchronization period is variable.
Imaging apparatus, imaging-displaying apparatus, and control method thereof
An imaging-displaying apparatus includes an imaging unit outputting an imaging signal; an image processing unit generating an image signal based on the imaging signal, and writing the signal in a VRAM; an image signal output unit outputting the image signal from the VRAM, and outputting the signal to the display unit; and a timing control unit generating an imaging vertical synchronizing signal for driving the imaging unit, generating a display vertical synchronizing signal obtained by delaying the imaging vertical synchronizing signal at least by a predetermined time which is necessary for a generation of an image signal, and supplying the signal to the display unit, and controlling an image signal output unit so that the image signal is read from the VRAM by being delayed by a phase difference between the imaging vertical synchronizing signal and the display vertical synchronizing signal, after outputting the imaging signal from the imaging unit.
Imaging apparatus, imaging control method and storage medium
An imaging apparatus including an imaging sensor, a memory, and a CPU. The CPU is operable as: (i) repeatedly acquiring an image by driving the imaging sensor at preset timing, (ii) acquiring an image by driving the imaging sensor by receiving an instruction at arbitrary timing, while maintaining acquisition processing by the (i), (iii) storing, in the memory, the image acquired by the (i) and the image acquired by the (ii), (iv) judging whether the arbitrary timing and the preset timing coincide with each other, and (v) when judged that the arbitrary timing and the preset timing coincide with each other as a result of a judgment of the (iv), controlling to store, in the memory, the image acquired by one of the (i) and the (ii), as the image acquired by the other of the (i) and the (ii), or controlling the imaging sensor.
System and method for autonomously recording a visual media
A system and method for autonomously recording a visual media including a digital image sensor to capture a visual media; a display to present the visual media from the digital image sensor; a touch controller to identify at least one of a haptic contact engagement, haptic contact signal and haptic contact gesture detected on a single haptic zone or at least one of a multiple individual haptic zone on the display; and a visual media capture controller to alternately record the visual media as a photograph or video based upon the number of times or the method which haptic contact occurs on the screen display and toggle between the single haptic zone and multiple haptic zones.
Imaging systems and methods with image data path delay measurement
An imaging system with image data path delay measurement includes (a) a first image sensor chip that includes a pixel array for generating a first image in response to light incident upon the pixel array, and a time mark generator for, upon receiving a time mark command, encoding a signature in the first image to generate a first marked image with the signature and image data from the first image, and (b) an image signal processing chip for processing the first marked image, wherein the image signal processing chip includes a data path delay measurement module for generating the time mark command and estimating image data path delay from the pixel array to the data path delay measurement module based upon time delay between (i) generating the time mark command and (ii) receipt of the signature as part of the first marked image.
360° video multi-angle attention-focus recording
A system and method of capturing view-point-encoded 360° video data with a 360° camera includes capturing a frame of video including a substantially 360° view and contemporaneously receiving position information from one or more mobile electronic devices such as cellphones linked to the camera. The position information identifies a viewpoint associated with each mobile electronic device. The camera records the captured video frame and the received position information together such that one or more of the viewpoints may be selected during later playback.
Image processing apparatus, image processing method, and non-transitory computer-readable storage medium having stored thereon image processing program for correcting an image for projection
In an image processing apparatus, a characteristic acquisition unit acquires a characteristic of the projection object. A correction control unit determines a parameter in accordance with the characteristic and corrects an input image based on the parameter. A characteristic specifying unit specifies an attentional characteristic region based on the characteristic. A captured image acquisition unit acquires a captured image of a projection image. A change determination unit determines whether the attentional characteristic region changes by a predetermined amount or more from the input image and the captured image, causes the characteristic acquisition unit to acquire the characteristic if it is determined that the region changes, and redetermines to cause the correction control unit to produce a projection image.
Communication apparatus, information processing apparatus, methods and computer-readable storage medium
The present invention is capable of spontaneously providing a status notification to an external device in an appropriate manner. To achieve this aim, the external device, upon establishing communication with a communication apparatus, makes a status notification request to the communication apparatus, the status notification request being a request for a response that, when a change occurs in an internal status of the communication apparatus, indicates the change. Also, upon making a request to serve as a remote camera to the communication apparatus via a user interface, the external device makes a status notification request to the communication apparatus, regardless of whether or not a response has been made to the first request.
Imaging apparatus and control method for imaging apparatus
An imaging apparatus comprises an image sensor that acquires image data of a physical object, an imaging position change controller that changes imaging position of the image sensor, a memory that stores position of the image sensor that has been changed by the imaging position change controller and control data for controlling imaging conditions at the time of imaging by the image sensor, and a communication circuit that carries out communication with an external terminal, wherein the communication circuit performs communication to carry out positional and imaging control in accordance with position of the image sensor and the imaging conditions that have been stored in the memory, and communicates information that has been acquired as a result of imaging by the image sensor.
Multi-lens optical apparatus
The multi-lens optical apparatus includes multiple imaging optical systems configured to respectively form optical images of an object in mutually different areas on an image plane. The multiple imaging optical systems include imaging optical systems having mutually different focal lengths, and adjacent lenses included in the multiple imaging optical systems are integrally held, the adjacent lenses being mutually adjacent in a direction orthogonal to optical axes of the multiple imaging optical systems. Of the multiple imaging optical systems, a most wide-angle imaging optical system whose focal length is shortest includes a most object-side lens that is a meniscus lens having a negative optical power and having a convex surface toward an object side, and the convex surface is disposed at a most object-side position in the multiple imaging optical systems.
Provided is an operation apparatus including a main body section including an operation section including a first operation section for performing a record operation of an image pickup device and a display section that displays an image transmitted from the image pickup device, and a fixation section that fixes the main body section to an attachment object. The first operation section and the display section are both located on a first face of the main body section.
Electronic device and method for sensing air quality
An electronic device for sensing air quality is provided. The electronic device includes a proximity sensor, a processor and a memory. The proximity sensor at least includes a light source and a light sensor. The light source emits light toward particulate matter in air, wherein the light is reflected by a surface of the particulate matter to form reflected light. The light sensor senses the reflected light. The processor is coupled to the proximity sensor, and the memory is operatively coupled to the processor. The processor is configured to execute program code stored in the memory by: obtaining an air quality value corresponding to an intensity value of the reflected light according to an air quality table.
Image printing apparatus and image printing method
An image printing apparatus can print an image in which graininess is suppressed while using a color material of light blue. To achieve this, the color material of light blue satisfies the following condition. ΔLB≥(ΔLC−ΔLB)>0 and ΔLB≥(ΔLM−ΔLB)>0 Here, ΔLC represents a difference in lightness between cyan ink and a blank area, ΔLM represents a difference in lightness between magenta ink and the blank area, and ΔLB represents a difference in lightness between light blue ink and the blank area. Further, the color material of light blue satisfies the following condition. hC+(h(C+M)−hC)/2≤hB≤hM−(hM−h(C+M))/2 Here, hC represents a hue of the cyan ink, hM represents a hue of the magenta ink, h(C+M) represents a hue of the image printed with the cyan ink and the magenta ink in the same amount, and hB represents a hue of the light blue ink.
Halftoning of object data for a three-dimensional object
Certain examples described herein relate to the processing of object data corresponding to a three-dimensional object. First data corresponding to a first portion of the three-dimensional object and second data corresponding to a second portion of the three-dimensional object, separate from the first portion, are determined. The first data is halftoned using a first halftoning technique to generate control instructions for an apparatus to produce the first portion of the three-dimensional object. The second data is halftoned using a second halftoning technique to generate control instructions for the apparatus to produce the second portion of the three-dimensional object.
Image scanning apparatus and method of controlling scan
An image scanning apparatus is provided. The image scanning apparatus includes an image sensor configured to scan image information of a manuscript, a converter configured to convert a signal scanned by the image sensor into a digital signal, a processor configured to control the converter by using a plurality of control signals and perform image-processing with respect to the signal converted into the digital signal, and a reset circuit unit configured to generate a reset signal by using the plurality of control signals and provide the converter with the generated reset signal.
Image processing apparatus, and method and computer-readable medium therefor
An image processing apparatus includes a controller configured to control an image scanner to scan a document sheet and generate target image data, generate an original histogram of an index value representing a luminance of each pixel forming the target image data, determine whether a particular condition is satisfied that includes a requirement that a difference value between an orientation of the document sheet and a reference orientation in the image scanning process is equal to or larger than a particular value, when the particular condition is satisfied, calculating a count of out-of-document pixels other than pixels representing an image of the document sheet, generate an adjusted histogram by subtracting at least a part of the count of the out-of-document pixels from frequencies of index values within a particular range in the original histogram, setting a specific threshold of the index value for binarization processing, based on the adjusted histogram.
Information processing system, information processing apparatus, and apparatus
An information processing system includes a first information processing apparatus coupled to a second information processing apparatus via a network. The first information processing apparatus includes a first acquisition unit to acquire first data including second data, a process information reader to read, when the first data satisfies a predetermined condition, process information in association with the predetermined condition from a storage, a transmitter to transmit, when the process information includes predetermined process information, third data to the second information processing apparatus, and an editor to edit the second data in accordance with the process information. The second information processing apparatus includes a second acquisition unit to acquire the third data from the first information processing apparatus, and a display unit to display on a display device indication that the second data are edited when the third data are acquired.
Facilitating authentication of a void pantograph
Examples herein disclose receiving and identifier associated with a first void pantograph and identifying a second void pantograph based on the received identifier. The examples facilitate authentication of the first void pantograph by making available the second void pantograph.
Information processing system, information processing apparatus, and information terminal device
An information processing apparatus is configured to receive the identification information items of the one or more destinations from an information terminal device via the first communication interface, the information terminal device storing addresses and identification information items of one or more destinations in association with each other, the one or more destinations being selectable as a data-transmission-destination, select an identification information item of a destination, to which data is to be transmitted, out of the received identification information items of the one or more destinations, and transmit the selected identification information item of the destination and the data to the information terminal device via the first communication interface.
Image reading device
An image reading device includes an angle restriction part 212a that restricts an inclination angle with respect to a document table glass (203) when viewed from a sub-scanning direction of a flat cable (214) such that a contact portion is biased to one side of the flat cable (214) in a main scanning direction when an upper surface part of the flat cable (214) contacts with the document table glass (203) with movement of an image reading unit (210).
Information processing apparatus and method for controlling the same
The present information processing apparatus includes a plurality of memory modules that can be controlled in a first mode in which power is supplied, and in a second mode in which power consumption is smaller than in the first mode, specifies a memory module to be accessed based on input address information, shifts the specified memory module from the second mode to the first mode, and, upon access to the specified memory module being terminated, shifts the specified memory module from the first mode to the second mode.
Image forming apparatus, method and control program for presence detection
An image forming apparatus includes a display, a human detection sensor, and a CPU. If the CPU determines that there is a person in a certain area with the display in an off state, the display enters a first on state in accordance with an instruction from the CPU. If the CPU determines that the image forming apparatus has been operated, the display enters a second on state.
Information processing apparatus, peripheral device use method, and computer program
An information processing apparatus includes: a display; a first processing unit; and a second processing unit, wherein the first processing unit includes a transmitter configured to transmit a first screen relating to first processing performed by the first processing unit to the second processing unit, the second processing unit includes a mounting section in which a peripheral device is mounted and a hardware processor, the hardware processor configured to: cause the display to selectively display either one of the first screen and a second screen relating to second processing performed by the second processing unit, and when the display displays the first screen, allow the peripheral device to be used for the first processing and, when the display displays the second screen, allow the peripheral device to be used for the second processing.
Information processing apparatus in communication with a printing apparatus, control method, and computer readable storage medium
A control method controls an apparatus capable of communicating with a printing apparatus that performs printing on at least one print medium arranged in a tray having a plurality of sites for arranging the print medium. The method includes obtaining information on an arrangement site indicating a site where the print medium is arranged among a plurality of arrangement sites of the print medium in the tray, notifying, to a user, the arrangement site of the print medium in the tray on the basis of information on the arrangement site, and transmitting, to the printing apparatus, printing data for printing an image on the print medium arranged on the tray, which is generated on the basis of the information on the arrangement site.
Image processing system, information processing apparatus, and method of controlling the same
An image processing system causes a first information processing apparatus (i) to acquire a plurality of images, (ii) to lay out images out of the acquired plurality of images, respectively, in slots of templates out of a plurality of stored templates so as to generate a plurality of layout images, (iii) to generate layout information in which pieces of identification information respectively assigned to the templates used in the generated layout images are included, wherein the layout information does not include any templates themselves, (iv) to generate a data set in which the images used in generating the layout images are included, wherein the data set does not include any template themselves, and (v) to send the generated layout information and the generated data set, wherein no templates themselves are sent with the generated layout information and the generated data set.
Image reading apparatus and method for controlling image reading apparatus
The image reading apparatus including a reading unit configured read an image of a document according to a read request transmitted from an external device, includes a detection unit configured to detect a state of the document to be read by the reading unit, a reception unit configured to receive a request from the external device to obtain a state of the image reading apparatus, a power supply unit configured to, in a power saving state where power supply to the reading unit and the detection unit is stopped, supply power to the detection unit based on the reception of the request, and a transmission unit configured to transmit the state of the document to be read by the reading unit detected by the detection unit to which the power is supplied by the power supply unit, to the external device as a response to the request.
Detection of a delinquent mobile device
A method and system of detecting a delinquent mobile user device. An international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI) of a subscriber identity module (SIM) card of the user device is determined by the user device. The IMSI is sent to a Remote Recovery Server (RRS). A message is received from the RRS as to whether the IMSI is authorized for the user device. Upon determining that the IMSI is not authorized for the user device, a notification is displayed on a display of the user device.
Device and method for implementing data service
A device and a method for implementing a data service in order to avoid generating an unnecessary data usage fee for user equipment (UE) and further avoid data usage waste after a data service switch of the UE is turned off. The method includes determining, by a first network-side device, a status of a data service switch of UE, and sending, by the first network-side device, a first notification message to a second network-side device when the data service switch of the UE is turned off, where the UE is already registered with a network, the first notification message includes first instruction information and an identity of the UE, and the first instruction information instructs the second network-side device to skip charging for data packets of the UE flowing through the second network-side device.
Virtual identifier for emergency call handling
In one of its aspects the technology disclosed herein concerns an Internet Protocol (IP) telephony communication system (20) comprising a location server (150(13)) and a call server (52). The location server (150(13)) is configured to obtain a first virtual identifier associated with a first telephony visit associated with a customer account to a first physical location and to obtain a second virtual identifier associated with a second telephony visit associated with the customer account to a second physical location. The location server (150(13)) is configured to obtain the first virtual identifier and the second virtual identifier in coordination with an emergency answering service (58). The call server (52) is configured to provide the emergency answering service (58) with an appropriate one of the first virtual identifier and the second virtual identifier in accordance with whichever of the first physical location and the second location is an emergency location from which an emergency call associated with the customer account is placed.
Dual compatibility phone system
A method of operating a captioned telephone, comprising storing analog test data in a captioned telephone memory, dialing a telephone number to a relay gateway, connecting to the relay gateway over a communication network and performing a test of the communication network quality using the test data to determine if the network is sufficient to carry analog data, the test including at least one of transmitting the test data to the relay gateway and receiving test data from the relay gateway via the communication network, wherein the network is one of a POTS network and a VOIP network.
Mobile terminal and method for controlling the same
A mobile terminal includes a wireless communication unit configured to execute a data communication task through a default communication module selected from at least one communication module; a display unit configured to display at least one object corresponding to the at least one communication module when a preset condition is met in association with a preset data communication task; and a controller configured to control, in response to a user input applied to select at least one of the at least one object, the preset data communication task to be executed through a communication module corresponding to the selected at least one object, and other data communication tasks, except for the preset data communication task, to be executed through the default communication module. Further, the display unit displays at least one icon corresponding to the at least one communication module when the preset condition is met.
Communication channel indicators
A method includes providing at least one entity icon on a screen of a device, providing at least one visual indicator corresponding to a communication channel associated with the at least one entity, where the visual indicator that corresponds to an active communication channel is different from the visual indicator that corresponds to an inactive communication channel, opening a entity application by selecting an entity icon, moving the entity icon and releasing the entity icon, and opening a communication link with the selected entity by selecting the visual indicator corresponding to an active communication channel.
Method and apparatus for adjusting volume of an accepted session
Some embodiments of the disclosure disclose a method and apparatus for adjusting volume of an accepted session on a mobile communication terminal. The method includes: determining, by the mobile communication terminal transmitting a delivered session, a volume decibel value of the delivered session, and a volume decibel level corresponding thereto; and upon reception of an accepted session, adjusting the volume decibel value of the accepted session to a corresponding target volume decibel value according to a preset mapping relationship between the volume decibel level of the delivered session and the target volume decibel value of the accepted session.
Call processing method and device
A call processing method, applied in a first terminal, includes: when a call request associated with a second terminal is monitored, acquiring an identification of the second terminal; acquiring historical call information corresponding to the identification of the second terminal; and displaying the historical call information on a current call interface of the call request.
An electronic device is provided. The electronic device includes: a housing; a primary display screen arranged inside the housing and connected to a mainboard; a secondary display screen; a flexible connection member within which a signal transmission line connecting the secondary display screen to the mainboard is provided, one end of which is connected to the secondary display screen, and the other end of which is connected to a side wall of the housing, such that the secondary display screen is rotatable relative to the primary display screen; and a fixation mechanism corresponding to the flexible connection member and arranged on the side wall to which the flexible connection member is connected, the flexible connection member may be switched between a first state where the flexible connection member is fixed by the fixation mechanism and a second state where the flexible connection member is not fixed by the fixation mechanism.
A mobile terminal having a display unit configured to be expanded or contracted in at least one direction, a housing disposed at a lower part of the display unit and formed to enclose electrical components and a case covering a rear surface of the housing is provided. The case includes at least two divided cases separate from each other, and, when at least one of the divided cases moves in a first direction relative to another one of the divided cases, the display unit is expanded and contracted in response to the movement of the at least one divided case.
Method and system for data demultiplexing
A method and system for demultiplexing packets of a message is provided. The demultiplexing system receives packets of a message, identifies a sequence of message handlers for processing the message, identifies state information associated with the message for each message handler, and invokes the message handlers passing the message and the associated state information. The system identifies the message handlers based on the initial data type of the message and a target data type. The identified message handlers effect the conversion of the data to the target data type through various intermediate data types.
Protocol translation with delay
This document relates to protocol translation for remote control of various devices. One example is a technique that includes identifying a controlled device that has a controlled device communication protocol for controlling the controlled device. The technique also includes obtaining translation data that conveys translations of commands from another protocol into the controlled device protocol. The technique also includes configuring a delay for transmitting the translated commands, and performing translation between the another protocol and the controlled device protocol using the translation data and the configured delay.
Systems and methods for compiling and organizing multiple episodes of media content series
Methods, systems and devices for organizing media content are provided. One method includes receiving a request, via a user interface presented to a user, to compile a requested plurality of episodes of a selected media content. The availability of the requested plurality of episodes are determined from at least two types of media content sources. The requested plurality of episodes are then compiled (e.g., recorded via a digital video recorder or located within a streaming service). A user interface is then presented to the user, including a series-order arrangement of the requested plurality of episodes.
Method and device for generating forwarding information
The present application discloses a method and device for generating forwarding information. The method includes generating first forwarding information including first matching information and first operating information for a first forwarding device, the first operating information is used for instructing the first forwarding device to encapsulate a first label for a first data message; generating second forwarding information including second matching information and second operating information for the second forwarding device, wherein the second operating information is used for instructing the second forwarding device to receive the first encapsulation message encapsulated with the first label; and generating third forwarding information including the second matching information and third operating information for the third forwarding device, wherein the third operating information is used for instructing the third forwarding device to obtain the first data message encapsulated in the first encapsulation message and carrying the first content by de-encapsulation.
Content acquisition device and method
A content acquisition device includes a processor that executes a procedure. The procedure includes: referencing other device holding information in which identification information of another device is associated with the oldest sequence information, making a request to a device indicated by device identification information included in a content acquisition request for acquisition target content, in cases in which an accumulation sequence indicated by sequence information associated with the identification information of the device included in the content acquisition request is older than the accumulation sequence indicated by the sequence information included in the content acquisition request, and searching for a device holding the acquisition target content and making a request to a found device for the acquisition target content, in cases in which the accumulation sequence is newer than the accumulation sequence indicated by the sequence information included in the content acquisition request.
System and method for distributing AR content
The system and method described allow AR content to be packaged according to the CLM packaging structure and loaded to a content management system without coding, and allows the AR content to be viewed directly with a CLM content player without requiring build or patch distribution processes. The content creator may define a standard configuration with a JSON file based on the guidelines and parameters of the CLM packaging structure. Users may view and place AR content over a physical world video using a camera in a user computing device, and to move, rotate, zoom in and zoom out the AR content.
Push notifications from multiple tenant servers
An indication is sent to a host server device. The indication includes a request for a push notification service identification (PNSID). The PNSID is used to establish a secure registration between one or more applications on the computing device of a user and the host server device. The PNSID is received from the host server device. An input is received from the user. The input includes one or more application server devices that may send push notifications to the computing device. A unique key is generated for each application server device. The PNSID and a different unique key are sent to each application server device. Each different unique key is associated with a different application server device. A registration is received from each application server device.
Methods and systems for abuse detection of zero-rated data
A method for detecting abuse of zero-rated data includes monitoring usage patterns of a group of users for a particular data type, including zero-rated data usage by the group of users and setting a zero-rated data-usage threshold for the particular data type based at least in part on the monitored usage. The method also includes continuing to monitor the usage patterns of the group of users for the particular data type during a period of time, including the zero-rated data usage of the group of users. The method further includes determining whether a zero-rated data usage for the particular data type by a user in the group during the period of time satisfies the zero-rated threshold, and in response to determining that the zero-rated data usage by the user during the period of time satisfies the zero-rated threshold, flagging an account associated with the user as a potential abuser.
A system and method for communication across browser-based applications, and from a crashed application to a web server are disclosed. The system can store structured data in local storage for each instance (e.g., tab, window, frame) of an browser-based application (e.g., website, web application). The data can be structured to group blocks of data according to instances of an application in different tabs. A first session can locate a block of data created by a second session to achieve synchronization between two sessions. In addition, if one session has crashed, data written by that session can be accessed by another session and sent to a web server. In some implementations, a session, when writing to a block of data, can include meta-data for another session or for the web server, such as a timestamp, valid-until time, data-item identifier, etc.
Message controlled appliances
A method, performed by a computer device, may include receiving an event notification of an event type associated with a source device in an appliance network. The method may further include detecting an activity initiated by a user in connection with the event type associated with the source device; generating an activity rule that associates the event type with the detected activity; receiving another event notification for the event type associated with the source device; and executing another activity in response to the received other event notification, based on the generated activity rule.
Managing object identifiers based on user groups
A method, system, and computer program product for managing an object related to a plurality of groups of users is disclosed. The method, system, and computer program product include utilizing identifiers of objects so that a requesting user can submit an object-request for access to the object utilizing a chosen identifier of the user. The method, system, and computer program product may work on a number of collaborative systems, file sharing mediums, or operating systems.
Managing object identifiers based on user groups
A method, system, and computer program product for managing an object related to a plurality of groups of users is disclosed. The method, system, and computer program product include utilizing identifiers of objects so that a requesting user can submit an object-request for access to the object utilizing a chosen identifier of the user. The method, system, and computer program product may work on a number of collaborative systems, file sharing mediums, or operating systems.
Auto-documentation for application program interfaces based on network requests and responses
Disclosed embodiments are directed at systems, methods, and architecture for providing auto-documentation to APIs. The auto documentation plugin is architecturally placed between an API and a client thereof and parses API requests and responses in order to generate auto-documentation. In some embodiments, the auto-documentation plugin is used to update preexisting documentation after updates. In some embodiments, the auto-documentation plugin accesses an online documentation repository. In some embodiments, the auto-documentation plugin makes use of a machine learning model to determine how and which portions of an existing documentation file to update.
Access management in a data storage system
A method and system for managing access to information stored in a data storage system of an organization is provided. In an embodiment, the data storage system may be configured to receive a request from a requester on a client device to access information stored in the data storage system. In some aspects, upon receiving the request, the first system may determine that an access token identifying the requester is stored in a cache in the data storage system. In some aspects, the data storage system may then retrieve one or more roles from the cache. In some examples, the roles may be associated with the access token. In certain embodiments, the data storage system may then be configured to determine that the requester is authorized to access the information based on the roles and provide the information to the requester on the client device.
Method used for hypertext transfer protocol network, and broadband network gateway
Embodiments of the present invention provide a method used for an HTTP network, including: receiving, by a BNG, a first HTTP request sent by user equipment; adding, by the BNG, an identifier of the BNG to the first HTTP request, to obtain a second HTTP request; sending, by the BNG, the second HTTP request to an application server; receiving, by the BNG, a third HTTP request sent by the application server, where the third HTTP request includes location information of an image for creating a virtual machine; and obtaining, by the BNG, the image according to the location information, and creating, by the BNG, the virtual machine in the BNG according to the image.
Asynchronous application data access system and method
An asynchronous application data access system and method are provided. In one implementation, the system and method may be used to provide data connectivity to geographic areas with limited bandwidth or connectivity so that those geographic areas will have access to a range of modern applications that use digital data including for example an email application, such as Gmail, a social networking application, such as Facebook, and LinkedIn and various other applications. In some implementations, an SMS network may be used as one of the variety of transport mechanisms of the system.
Method and system for acquiring web pages
Acquiring web pages includes acquiring a hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) request including a first Internet protocol (IP) address, looking up a web page basic framework corresponding to the first IP address, obtaining a plurality of domain names of a plurality of pieces of web page-referenced content corresponding to the first IP address, sending a domain name resolution request to a global load balancer (GSLB), wherein the domain name resolution request includes the plurality of domain names of the plurality of pieces of web page-referenced content, acquiring a plurality of second IP addresses of the plurality of pieces of web page-referenced content, and sending the web page basic framework and the plurality of second IP addresses of the plurality of pieces to a browser.
Apparatus, system, and method for adaptive-rate shifting of streaming content
An apparatus for adaptive-rate shifting of streaming content includes an agent controller module configured to simultaneously request at least portions of a plurality of streamlets. The agent controller module is further configured to continuously monitor streamlet requests and subsequent responses, and accordingly request higher or lower quality streamlets. A staging module is configured to stage the streamlets and arrange the streamlets for playback on a content player. A system includes a data communications network, a content server coupled to the data communications network and having a content module configured to process content and generate a plurality of high and low quality streams, and the apparatus. A method includes simultaneously requesting at least portions of a plurality of streamlets, continuously monitoring streamlet requests and subsequent responses, and accordingly requesting higher or lower quality streamlets, and staging the streamlets and arranging the streamlets for playback on a content player.
Method for rendering a shared content, corresponding method for sharing, computer program products and devices
A method is disclosed for the rendering, by a second terminal, of a content shared by a first terminal with the second terminal, the first terminal being engaged in playing back the content. The method includes a playback, by the second terminal, of the content from an effective temporal position within the content. The effective temporal position is determined as the temporal position of the content played back by the first terminal at the instant when a server receives a first request, the second terminal having transmitted the first request to the server following reception of an invitation by the first terminal to share in the playback of the content. The first request is a request for obtaining a content playback starting temporal position.
Distributed stream processing in the Cloud
A low-latency cloud-scale computation environment includes a query language, optimization, scheduling, fault tolerance and fault recovery. An event model can be used to extend a declarative query language so that temporal analysis of event of an event stream can be performed. Extractors and outputters can be used to define and implement functions that extend the capabilities of the event-based query language. A script written in the extended query language can be translated into an optimal parallel continuous execution plan. Execution of the plan can be orchestrated by a streaming job manager which schedules vertices on available computing machines. The streaming job manager can monitor overall job execution. Fault tolerance can be provided by tracking execution progress and data dependencies in each vertex. In the event of a failure, another instance of the failed vertex can be scheduled. An optimal recovery point can be determined based on checkpoints and data dependencies.
Method and apparatus for use of input messages in media transport to support interactive communications
A method and apparatus for use of input messages in the media transport to support and improve the interactive communication between a media content server and an end user is disclosed. In one embodiment, the input message is encapsulated into any existing media transport protocol. In another embodiment, several types of the input messages are defined to deliver information and requests relating to interactions between the end user and the media content server.
Multicast packet forwarding method and device
A multicast packet forwarding method, to implement multicast forwarding of an IPv6 multicast data packet on an IPv4 network, thereby saving bandwidth of the IPv4 network. The method includes: receiving an MLD multicast group join packet that is sent by an ISATAP host, encapsulated in an IPv4 unicast packet, and used for joining an IPv6 multicast group; maintaining an IPv6 multicast forwarding table according to the MLD multicast group join packet; receiving an IPv6 multicast data packet that is sent by an IPv6 network device and corresponds to the IPv6 multicast group; encapsulating, according to an IPv6-IPv4 multicast group mapping relationship, the IPv6 multicast data packet in an IPv4 multicast data packet, and sending the IPv4 multicast data packet to an IPv4 device, so that the IPv4 device forwards the IPv4 multicast data packet to the ISATAP host.
Selectively porting meeting objects
Customizing an electronic meeting broadcast is described in which the meeting canvas is customized to the capabilities of the device of the participating user. The meeting server manages the electronic meeting including each of the participants' connections into the electronic collaboration space. As a part of the connection mechanism, the meeting server or a proxy/gateway connected to the meeting server has information on the capabilities of individual devices accessing the electronic meeting. Based on these capabilities and/or selections made by the meeting participant, the meeting server or proxy/gateway connected to the meeting server selectively identifies zero or more meeting objects from a collection of meeting objects supporting the meeting canvas of an electronic meeting and transmits only those meeting objects to the participant's device.
Managing messages between users for collaborative editing of electronic documents
To manage complexity related to messages and comments about collaboratively edited electronic documents, an electronic document has associated activity data and comment data, where a type of activity data includes messages among users. Message data is stored in a stream of activity data in a format that is accessible both to communication applications outside of the electronic document, and to end user applications for editing the electronic document. The message data can include a document identifier, a user identifier for a sender and/or a receiver, and content of the message. A communication application, given a user identifier, can access document messages for that user, from a single electronic document or over multiple electronic documents. Further, the communication application can be notified when new document messages related to a user identifier are added to one or more electronic documents. Additionally, the end user application, given a document identifier, can access document messages associated with that document identifier for inclusion in the activity data for the document.
Device blocking tool
A wireless device blocking tool includes a user interface, a location engine, a retrieval engine, and an update engine. The user interface receives at least one of a MAC address of a device and an IP address of the device. The location engine communicates a query to an access control server, receives a response from the access control server in response to communicating the query, and determines, based on the response, that the device connected to a network through a wireless connection. The location engine also determines a WLC through which the device connected. The retrieval engine retrieves, from the WLC, an access control list. The update engine disconnects the device from the VLAN and reconnects the device through a second VLAN.
Method of assessing real-time security of sequenced packet exchange (SPX) network connection
A method of assessing the security of a user's connection to a Sequenced Packet Exchange (SPX) network and the user's consumption of services via the SPX network. The invention includes digitally accessing a plurality of network nodes and obtaining data transmissions through said plurality of network nodes. Each transmission corresponds to a security implementation of a current state of the user's connection or consumption of SPX services. A coefficient is determined for each security implementation, wherein the coefficient corresponds to a weight given to each security implementation in determining a level of security of the user's connection or consumption. A security score representative of the level of security of the user's connection is calculated as a function of the security implementation and their corresponding coefficients. The security score is output to the user.
Verifying that the influence of a user data point has been removed from a machine learning classifier
Verifying that influence of a user data point has been removed from a machine learning classifier. In some embodiments, a method may include training a machine learning classifier using a training set of data points that includes a user data point, calculating a first loss of the machine learning classifier, updating the machine learning classifier by updating parameters of the machine learning classifier to remove influence of the user data point, calculating a second loss of the machine learning classifier, calculating an expected difference in loss of the machine learning classifier, and verifying that the influence of the user data point has been removed from the machine learning classifier by determining that the difference between the first loss and the second loss is within a threshold of the expected difference in loss.
Ordered correction of application based on dependency topology
For each event detected during execution of a monitored application comprising a plurality of application components, a determination is made of which of the plurality of application components corresponds to the detected event. Also, a dependency subgroup that includes the application component that corresponds to the detected event is identified, wherein a dependency subgroup indicates dependencies among a subgroup of the plurality of application components. A location within the dependency subgroup of the application component corresponding to the detected event is determined. An order of correction for the application components determined to correspond to detected events are determined based, at least in part, on the determined location. Correction of the application components determined to correspond to detected events are initiated according to the determined order of correction.
Method and apparatus for detecting network attacks and generating attack signatures based on signature merging
There are provided a method and an apparatus for detecting attacks and automatically generating attack signatures based on signature merging. A method for detecting attacks and automatically generating attack signatures based on signature merging includes detecting a character string matched to at least one previously stored compressed attack signature in an input packet received from a network, determining whether the character string detected in the primary attack detection is matched to at least one previously stored individual attack signature, and, if the detected character string is matched to the at least one previously stored individual attack signature, determining the input packet as an attack packet, and, if the detected character string is not matched, determining the input packet as a new attack signature.
Establishing a cleanroom data processing environment
Techniques for providing a virtual cleanroom data processing environment are described herein. In one or more embodiments, a virtual private cloud environment is configured to prevent data from being sent to network locations external to the virtual private cloud environment. One or more computing resources deployed within the virtual private cloud environment receives, from a first source external to the virtual private cloud environment, a first set of data that is associated with a first user account. A set of one or more software components, received from a second source, are also deployed within the virtual private cloud environment. Once deployed, the set of software components generates, based at least in part on the first set of data, a set of output data. The first set of data is continuously prevented from being sent to network locations external to the virtual private cloud environment.
Anonymously sharing resources based on social network user data
A method for controlling access to a resource of an owner of the resource is provided. The owner can be a user of a resource computer system. The access control can be based on social network data of a social network system and/or on an owner token relating to the owner or a requester token relating to a requester requesting access to the resource and an access control policy. The owner token and the requester token can be received by the system to determine by the social networking system whether access to the resource is to be granted based on the content of the owner token and the requester token. A social network identity of the owner and a social network identity of the requester may only be determinable by the social network system.
A modular, expandable, and flexible computer system device is provided. The computer system device comprising a multiple number of individual modules interconnected physically via ‘back plane’ means with each module independently processing and executing specified computer functions utilizing internal or shared resources. Electrical power distribution and data communications are positioned between modules with the electrical power distribution and data communications internal to the base unit module.
Server transmitting device information assigned to service identification information
A server receives access request from an information processing apparatus. The access request includes address information of a source web page. The access request is generated in response to reception of the source web page. The server receives authentication information from the information processing apparatus to authenticate the information processing apparatus, and receives display request from the authenticated information processing apparatus. The display request is for displaying, by the information processing apparatus, a set of device information in a storage. In response to the display request, the server determines whether the address information in the received access request indicates the service-providing apparatus or the server by referring to the first and second address information, and when the address information indicates the service-providing apparatus, transmits to the information processing apparatus, at least one set of device information assigned to the service identification information indicating a service that a service-providing apparatus provides.
Usage tracking in hybrid cloud computing systems
Techniques for facilitating usage tracking in hybrid cloud computing systems are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, a method can include receiving, from a private cloud computing system, a request for uploading usage data to a storage in a public cloud computing system. The method can also include authenticating the received request based on a service subscription of the private cloud computing system, and upon authentication, providing the private cloud computing system with an access permission to store the usage data in the storage of the computing system. The method can further include receiving the usage data from the private cloud computing system submitted with the access permission and storing the received usage data in the storage of the public cloud computing system.
Dynamic watch-based CAPTCHA
Techniques are disclosed for implementing a CAPTCHA access control system based on graphical representations of a watch or other timekeeping device. More particularly, the disclosed CAPTCHA system's request/challenge mechanism employs a graphical representation of a watch whose perturbation from a baseline visual presentation is controlled by a large number of attributes, each of which may assume a number of different values. The use of a large number of display attributes (e.g., 20 or more) and a relatively small number of difficulty levels allows each difficulty level to have an enormous number of possible graphical representation. Such a large number of potential challenge images essentially precludes the likelihood that any automated search for a matching image—providing the ability to correctly respond with certainty to the challenge query—will be successful.
Dynamic, proxied reset of user credentials
A method includes receiving, at a server, a request from a user to access an enterprise network system. The user is authenticated at the server, by receiving first unique credentials from the user. The user's access to a plurality of services external to the enterprise network system is facilitated, in response to receiving the first unique credentials from the user. Each of the plurality of services requires respective unique services credentials associated with the user, to access a respective unique account associated with the user. The method includes receiving, from the user, a selection of one of the plurality of services. The respective unique services credentials associated with the user are determined, for the selected one of the plurality of services. A connection between the server and the selected one of the plurality of services is established, using the respective unique services credentials associated with the user. The user is provided with access to the selected one of the plurality of services during a first session, through the connection between the server and the selected one of the plurality of services. The respective unique services credentials associated with the user are dynamically modified, after the first session is finished.
Bidirectional cryptographic IO for data streams
Various configurations and techniques for enabling bidirectional cryptographic input output (IO) operations with an IO device of a computing system are disclosed herein. In an example, electronic operations of a computing system to enable a secure direct memory access (DMA) transaction including writing information to enable the secure DMA transaction to memory, reading and verifying the information from memory, performing encryption of data from the IO device using the information from memory, and writing encrypted secure data for the secure DMA transaction to the memory. In a further example, the information to enable the secure DMA transaction may include a counter value written by authorized software, and encrypting the secure data using the counter value, to prevent replay of the secure encrypted data by software other than the authorized software.
Mobile security offloader
In an example embodiment, a mobile security offloader (MSOL) is provided. Within the MSOL, a mobile device identification component is used to receive unencrypted data from a mobile device in a mobile radio network and to determine a mobile device identification of the mobile device from the unencrypted data. A security profiles directory interface then uses the mobile device identification to retrieve a security profile corresponding to the mobile device identification from a security profiles directory, the security profile identifying a security protocol for encrypting data from the mobile device corresponding to the mobile device identification. An encryption engine is used to encrypt the unencrypted data using the security protocol identified in the security profile. A packet switched network interface is then used to route the encrypted data to a secured server identified in the data via a packet switched network.
Method for in-line TLS/SSL cleartext encryption and authentication
We describe a method, device and system for communicating to a peer via a network. A segment is received formatted according to a first network protocol, the received segment having clear-text payload data in a payload portion of the received segment. A cryptographic operation is performed on at least a portion of the clear-text payload data of the received segment, according to a cryptographic protocol, and a PDU is embedded according to the cryptographic protocol into the payload portion of the received segment. Header data, in a header portion of the received segment, is to account for a change to the received segment resulting from the cryptographic operation performance. The received segment, having the embedded PDU according to the cryptographic protocol and the adjusted header data, is transmitted to a peer via the network.
Systems and methods for improving HTTPS security
Systems and methods for HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS), are implemented by one or more servers associated with a gateway in a cloud based proxy. A method includes managing a preloaded list of HTTP Security (HTTPS) support of a plurality of domains; receiving a domain request from an HSTS application executed on a user device, wherein the HSTS application is configured to detect the domain request from a browser or application executed on the user device; and transmitting a response to the user device with header information related to support of HTTPS the domain.
Non RFC-compliant protocol classification based on real use
A firewall system determines whether a protocol used by an incoming data packet is a standard protocol compliant with Request For Comment (RFC) standards. In the event the protocol is RFC compliant, the firewall transmits the packet to the recipient according to firewall policies regarding the standard protocol. If the protocol is not that of an RFC standard, the firewall determines whether the protocol matches an RFC-exception protocol in a RFC-exception protocol database. If the protocol does match an RFC-exception, the firewall may transmit the packet to the recipient according to firewall policies regarding the RFC-exception protocol. If it does not match an RFC-exception, the firewall may transmit the packet or protocol to a support system where it may be quarantined until it is approved based on a decision that the protocol is safe and/or widely adopted.
Media access control (MAC) address learning in virtualized computing environments
Example methods are provided for a host to perform Media Access Control (MAC) address learning in a virtualized computing environment. The host includes multiple physical network interface controllers (NICs) configured as a team. The method may comprise: in response to detecting an egress packet that includes a source MAC address from a virtualized computing instance, learning address mapping information that associates the source MAC address with a virtual port; and sending the egress packet to a physical network via a first physical NIC selected from the team based on a NIC teaming policy. The method may also comprise: in response to detecting an ingress packet that also includes the source MAC address, determining whether the source MAC address has moved based on whether the ingress packet is received via the first physical NIC, or a second physical NIC from the team, but otherwise, maintaining the address mapping information.
System and method for address-mapped control of field programmable gate array (FPGA) via ethernet
A method includes receiving, at a field programmable gate array (FPGA), one or more Ethernet packets of a message including control or status information associated with the FPGA. The method also includes determining, by the FPGA, a payload of each packet by removing at least one Ethernet header from the packet. The method further includes removing, by the FPGA, a User Datagram Protocol (UDP) header from each packet and determining UDP header metadata. The method also includes converting, by the FPGA based on the UDP header metadata, the packets to a read or write message associated with one or more registers of the FPGA. In addition, the method includes performing, by the FPGA, a read or write of the one or more registers of the FPGA according to the read or write message.
Web and voice message notification system and process
Embodiments of a system and process disclosed herein, provide a service platform that enables data exchange between requesters and providers. One embodiment comprises a computer implemented method including: forming a request at a requester device; transmitting the request to a message device; generating a request message; determining a primary provider entity to service the request message; and transmitting a notification of the request message to a first provider device; in response to an indication that the first provider device received the notification within a time period: transmitting the generated request message to the first provider device; generating a request message reply; and transmitting the request message reply to the requester device; in response to an indication that the first provider device did not receive, or respond to, the notification within the time period: determining a second provider entity as the failover provider entity; transmitting the request message to a second provider device associated with the failover provider entity; generating a request message reply; and transmitting the request message reply to the requester device.
Automated generation of prompts and analyses of user responses to the prompts to determine an entity for an action and perform one or more computing actions related to the action and the entity
Methods and apparatus directed to utilizing an automated messaging system to engage in a dialog with at least one user, via a computing device of the user, to determine a particular service entity for an action. In some implementations, the automated messaging system may generate a plurality of questions and/or other prompts to solicit user interface input from the user(s) for use in determining the particular service entity and/or in determining one or more criteria for the action. Some implementations are further directed to performing one or more computing actions based on the determined service entity and optionally based on one or more criteria for the action determined via user interface input of the dialog.
Management system for audio and visual content
Systems, apparatuses, and methods for managing message content are provided. In one embodiment, a method includes receiving, by one or more computing devices, a message comprising audio content and visual media content. The method further includes sending, by the one or more computing devices, a first set of data descriptive of the audio content to an audio device. The audio device is configured to communicate the audio content to a user of the audio device. The method includes sending, by the one or more computing devices, a second set of data descriptive of the visual media content to a display device. The display device is configured to display the visual media content for the user. The method further includes providing, by the one or more computing devices, a notification to the user of the audio device to view the visual media content on the display device.
Method and system for caching input content
Method and device of managing chat messages in a social network application are provided. The method includes: a user device providing a chat interface for a chat session between a first user and a second user, the chat interface including a first region for displaying past chat messages, and a second region for receiving a current message input; receiving a first message input from the first user in the second region; receiving a first incoming message from the second user; displaying the first incoming message in the first region; and automatically, without user intervention, presenting an option to the first user for caching the first message input; receiving an input caching instruction from the first user regarding the first message input; and storing the first message input.
Real-time notifications of concurrent email thread replies
In an embodiment of the present invention, a first message is determined. The first message is associated with two or more users. The two or more users include a sender of the first message and one or more recipients of the first message. In response to determining that a first user of the two or more users is currently generating a second message, which is a response to the first message, it is determined whether a second user of the two or more users of the first message is currently generating a third message, which is a response to the first message. In response to determining that the second user is currently generating the third message, the first user is notified that the second user is currently generating the third message, and the second user is notified that the first user is currently generating the second message.
Managing hybrid cloud placement policies
Placing an application on a private portion and a public portion of a hybrid computing environment for processing. An application may be received for placement and processing. A primary processing objective and a split preference of the application may be determined. The split preference indicates whether the application can be processed using one or both of the private portion and the public portion of the hybrid computing environment. The application may be placed on one or both of the private portion and the public portion of the hybrid computing environment for processing, based on the primary processing objective and based on the split preference.
Scheduled transmission of data
A method and system may allow for the scheduling of transmissions. A device may send a transmission request over a network where the request may be an upload request or a download request. Traffic may be monitored on the network and the traffic may determine when the transmission is to be scheduled. Depending on the traffic and the type of transmission, the transmission may be scheduled for a future time or may be added to a queue of pending transmissions. Once commenced, the transmission may be paused and resumed based on continually monitored traffic on the network.
Communication systems and methods having reduced frame duration
A transmitter arrangement using randomization is disclosed. The arrangement includes one or more randomizers, a measure component and a frame select component. The one or more randomizers are configured to generate one or more randomized frames from an original frame. The measure component is configured to measure a criterion for the original frame and the one or more randomized frames. The frame select component is configured to select a frame for transmission from the one or more randomized frames and the original frame. The selection is performed according to the measured criteria, such as frame duration.
Bandwidth control circuit, arithmetic processing apparatus, and bandwidth control method for apparatus
A bandwidth control circuit includes bandwidth control units and a management unit to control each of the bandwidth control units. Each bandwidth control unit includes: a bandwidth monitor unit to monitor a bus usage bandwidth of each of the plurality of the circuit blocks; an operating period observation unit to monitor a start and an end of an operating period of each of the plurality of the circuit blocks; and a limit unit to be enabled to limit the bus usage bandwidth of each of the plurality of the circuit blocks. The management unit limits the bus usage bandwidth, corresponding to a bus average usage bandwidth and the operating period of each of the plurality of the circuit blocks.
Storage controller quality of service management techniques
A technique for managing a data network includes monitoring data transfer rates and data transfer thresholds for data transferred between storage and an application. Feedback on the suitability of the data transfer rate is collected from the application. A data transfer threshold for the application is changed based on the monitored data transfer rate and the collected feedback.
Virtualized path identifier providing generic descriptors for reaching a destination using an identified path determination method
In one embodiment, a method comprises: acquiring a data structure containing a virtualized path identifier, the virtualized path identifier specifying a path determination method and a destination identifier that identifies a destination that is reachable according to the path determination method; determining in a route method database based on the virtualized path identifier, from among distinct types of available path determination methods identified in the route method database, a routing context for reaching the destination according to the corresponding path determination method; and causing reaching of the destination in response to executing the path determination method on the destination identifier according to the routing context obtained from the route method database.
Egress peer engineering using IPv4-mapped IPv6 addresses
A first device may determine an Internet Protocol version R (IPvR) interface address associated with a second device, where R is greater than or equal to four. The first device and the second device may be associated with an external border gateway protocol peering session. The first device may generate an Internet Protocol version S (IPvS) interface address based on the IPvR interface address associated with the second device, where S is greater than or equal to six and different than R. The first device may store the IPvS interface address in a routing table. The first device may receive, from the second device, a service route that includes the IPvS interface address, and may provide the service route to a third device. The first device may provide a labeled route to the third device. The labeled route may include a label associated with the IPvS interface address.
System and method for providing a bit indexed service chain
Disclosed is a method that modifies a bit indexed explicit replication (BIER) algorithm. The method includes receiving a packet at a node, wherein the packet includes a BIER header identifying a bitstring, the bitstring including a first bit indicating a first destination and a second bit indicating a second destination and forwarding the packet through one or more networks toward the first destination and the second destination based on the bitstring and a predetermined bit selection order. The predetermined bit selection order causes a sequential delivery of the packet to the first destination and the second destination. After the packet arrives at the first destination, the method includes setting the first bit to zero in the bitstring and forwarding the packet through the one or more networks toward the second destination according to the updated bitstring.
Statistical multiplexing of inline network tools
A packet broker deployed in a visibility fabric may intelligently assign identifiers to data packets that are routed through sequences of one or more network tools for monitoring and/or security purposes. However, in some instances, it may be desirable for data packets the one or more network tools in a load-balanced manner rather than a cascaded manner. Accordingly, the packet broker may initially form a trunk group (i.e., a predefined group of ports that are treated as one port) based on input provided by an administrator. A group of network tools that share a load (i.e., a traffic flow) through trunking facilitated by the packet broker are referred to as a “trunk group” of network tools.
Redirecting traffic in a virtual distributed router environment
A LRE (logical routing element) that have LIFs that are active in all host machines spanned by the LRE as well as LIFs that are active in only a subset of those spanned host machines is provided. A host machine having an active LIF for a particular L2 segment would perform the L3 routing operations for network traffic related to that L2 segment. A host machine having an inactive LIF for the particular L2 segment would not perform L3 routing operations for the network traffic of the L2 segment.
Wireless mesh network including resilient backhaul links and WLAN traffic local switching
A method is performed at a mesh access point (MAP) in a wireless mesh network including access points (APs) of a spanning tree being divided among multiple Internet Protocol (IP) subnets. The method includes receiving from a first parent AP to which the MAP is a child a first IP subnet identifier indicating the first IP subnet to which the first parent AP belongs. The method also includes obtaining a first IP address associated with the first IP subnet, roaming from the first to a second parent AP, receiving from the second parent AP a second IP subnet identifier indicating a second IP subnet to which the second parent AP belongs, determining if the first and second parent APs are both part of the same IP subnet, and determining whether to maintain connectivity with a current controller or establish connectivity to a new controller based on results of the determining.
Methods and apparatus for relocating and restoring connections through a failed serving gateway and traffic offloading
In a radio telecommunications network, a serving gateway support node controls connections between user equipment nodes and a packet-based network that pass through at least one serving gateway and at least one packet gateway. The serving gateway support node detects failure of communications to a first serving gateway. The serving gateway support node responds to the detected failure by initiating relocation of existing connections through the first serving gateway to instead pass through a second serving gateway. The serving gateway support node detects recovery of communications to the first serving gateway, and responds by ceasing relocation of at least some of the existing connections that have not yet been relocated to the second serving gateway. Related methods, serving gateways, and packet gateways are also disclosed.
Method, apparatus and non-transitory computer-readable medium for delivering packets
A packet delivering method for a packet delivering apparatus includes: recording respective priorities of multiple packet delivering rules, which includes multiple first packet delivering rules and multiple second packet delivering rules respectively stored in a software layer and a main storage space of a hardware layer of the packet delivering apparatus; selecting a designated packet delivering rule from the first packet delivering rules; determining whether the main storage space is full; searching for at least one candidate delivering rule that meets a replacement condition from the second packet delivering rules according to the priorities of the designated data of the designated packet delivering rule and the second packet delivering rules when the main storage space is full; and replacing one of the at least one candidate packet delivering rule by the designated packet delivering rule when the at least one candidate packet delivering rule exists.
Apparatus and method to hide transit only multi-access networks in OSPF
In one embodiment, a first router determines whether an interface coupling the first router to one or more second routers is transit-only. When the interface is transit-only, the first router generates an Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) Link State Advertisement (LSA) that includes an address for the interface and a designated network mask. The designated network mask operates as a transit-only identification that indicates the address should not be installed in a Routing Information Base (RIB) upon receipt of the OSPF LSA at the one or more second routers. When the network is not transit-only, the first router generates an OSPF LSA that includes the address for the interface but does not include the designated network mask, to permit installation of the address in a RIB upon receipt of the OSPF LSA at the one or more second routers.
Method to provide elasticity in transport network virtualisation
A method for providing support for elasticity in network virtualisation of a heterogeneous, multi-domain network comprising receiving (802) from network domains information about elasticity capability of physical paths in said network domains; summarising (804) physical paths in said network domains into virtual links; and producing (806) a topology of a virtual network overlaying the multi-domain network by associating elasticity parameters with the virtual links, wherein the elasticity parameters are inferred from the physical paths.
Tap technology selection
In one implementation, a method for tap technology can include identification of a plurality of network element primitives of a tap request, a determination of a set of selection criteria based on the plurality of network element primitives, a selection of a tap technology based on a comparison of the set of selection criteria to a tap technology profile, and a configuration of the tap domain to copy packets based on the set of selection criteria.
Method and apparatus for autonomously relaying statistics to a network controller in a software-defined networking network
Methods and apparatuses for autonomous relay of statistics from a network device to a network controller of a software-defined networking (SDN) network are described. The network controller is operative to transmit a message including a statistics profile, where the statistics profile includes a type of data to be collected associated with a behavior of a flow at the network device and a set of one or more criteria; where the message causes the network device to transmit a statistics message associated with one or more flows when the one or more flows satisfy at least one criterion from the set of one or more criteria, where the statistics message includes data collected at the network device associated with a behavior of the one or more flows as identified by the type of data to be collected included in the statistics profile.
Methods and apparatus for array agnostic automated storage tiering
Methods and apparatus to provide, in a cloud infrastructure environment, an array agnostic automated storage tiering mechanism, wherein storage array types may be different. A user can select storage with an automated storage tiering policy while details of the storage are abstracted for the user. In embodiments, tiering policies determine a location for data based upon activity associated with the data.
Precise statistics computation for communication networks
A method for accurately measuring one or more network performance statistics during one or more sampling periods comprises processing a received data packet to identify flow information and time of arrival; transmitting the data packet, along with metadata comprising the flow information and the time of arrival, to a sample processing module; replaying the reception of the data packet based on the relative speed of the transmission link and the databus and the time of arrival; incrementing a number of bytes received for the data packet for a first sampling period; starting a second sampling period at a predetermined time and incrementing a number of bytes received for the data packet for the second sampling period, if the replaying is not completed. The number of bytes received for the data packet for the first and second sampling periods are processed into first and second sampling period statistics, respectively.
Defining and enforcing operational associations between configuration item classes in managed networks
A remote network management platform may include a database containing representations of configuration items associated with a managed network that is managed by the remote network management platform. The remote network management platform may further include a server device. The server device may be configured to obtain a plurality of preferred relationships for a particular configuration item class. The server device may be further configured to store, in the database, the plurality of preferred relationships. The server device may also be configured to visually provide indications of one or more respective pairings of relationship types and target configuration item classes from a plurality of preferred relationships, receive a selection of a particular relationship type and a particular target configuration item class in accordance with one of the indications, and store, in the database, the particular configuration item with the particular relationship type and the particular target configuration item class.
Testing a cloud service component on a cloud platform
Some examples described herein relate to testing of a cloud service component on a cloud platform. A simulation tool may be configured on the cloud platform. The simulation tool may be used to test the cloud service component upon inclusion of said cloud service component in a cloud service topology created on the cloud platform.
Transparent middlebox with graceful connection entry and exit
Methods for removing a middlebox from a network connection include determining a degree of mismatch between a sequence number in a first connection between the middlebox and a client and a sequence number in a second connection between the middlebox and a server, delaying acknowledgment signals from the middlebox on a connection to decrease the degree of mismatch, and establishing a direct connection between the client and the server without mediation by the middlebox when the degree of mismatch is zero.
Access control policy evaluation and remediation
A method and apparatus for the evaluation and remediation of an access control policy is disclosed. In the method and apparatus, an intermediary service may make access request, on behalf of a customer, to one or more computing resources and the access control policy is evaluation to determine whether the request is authorized. Further, remediation options for the access control policy are offered for the request to be authorized.
Session management method, application function entity, policy server and protocol converter
The embodiments of the present disclosure disclose a session management method, an Application Function (AF) entity, a policy server, and a Protocol Converter. The method includes: When an AF entity establishes an AF session with a policy server, the AF entity sends a first HTTP request message to the policy server, herein the AF entity sends AF session identifier information to the policy server via the first HTTP request message, or AF session identifier information is allocated by the policy server and is sent to the AF entity via an answer for the first HTTP request message. When the policy server notifies the AF entity of a traffic plane event of the above-mentioned AF session, the policy server sends a second HTTP request message carrying the AF session identifier information to the AF entity. The AF entity returns an answer for the second HTTP request message to the policy server.
Method and tool for diagnosing logical networks
Some embodiments provide a method for diagnosing a logical network that includes several logical forwarding elements (LFEs) that logically connects a number of data compute nodes (DCNs) to each other. The method identifies a set of LFEs that logically connects a first DCN of the several DCNs to a second DCN. The method also identifies a transport node that couples to the first DCN and implements the set of LFEs. The method then, for each LFE in the set of LFEs (i) receives a first state of the LFE from the transport node, (ii) compares the first state of the LFE with a second state of the LFE that is received from a controller of the LFE, and (iii) reports the LFE as a problematic LFE along with the transport node and the controller of the LFE when the first and second states of the LFE do not match.
Method and system for communication between a management-server and remote host systems
The current document is directed to methods and systems for exchange of information between management servers and remote host systems managed by the management server. In disclosed implementations, a local proxy server associated with the management server and a remote proxy server associated with the remote host systems both locally store configuration data for the host systems and exchange configuration differences through a wide area network in order to synchronize the stored configuration data between the proxy servers. Requests generated by the management server for host configuration data are satisfied by the local proxy server and configuration-data synchronization efficiently employs exchanges of configuration-data differences, rather than repeated transmission of all or large portions of the configuration data.
Scalable and automated network-parameter assignment
In one example, in a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) network comprising one or more configuration computing systems, a method includes receiving one or more augmented DHCP configuration messages. The method also includes determining that each of the one or more augmented DHCP configuration messages includes a message tag indicating that the respective augmented DHCP configuration message contains parameter information that includes a client identifier associated with a respective one of the one or more network devices. The method further includes determining, based on the parameter information included in each of the one or more augmented DHCP configuration messages, configuration data that is usable to configure the one or more network devices. The method also includes configuring, based on the configuration data, the one or more network devices.
Service node selection by an inline service switch
Some embodiments provide novel inline switches that distribute data messages from source compute nodes (SCNs) to different groups of destination service compute nodes (DSCNs). In some embodiments, the inline switches are deployed in the source compute nodes datapaths (e.g., egress datapath). The inline switches in some embodiments are service switches that (1) receive data messages from the SCNs, (2) identify service nodes in a service-node cluster for processing the data messages based on service policies that the switches implement, and (3) use tunnels to send the received data messages to their identified service nodes. Alternatively, or conjunctively, the inline service switches of some embodiments (1) identify service-nodes cluster for processing the data messages based on service policies that the switches implement, and (2) use tunnels to send the received data messages to the identified service-node clusters. The service-node clusters can perform the same service or can perform different services in some embodiments. This tunnel-based approach for distributing data messages to service nodes/clusters is advantageous for seamlessly implementing in a datacenter a cloud-based XaaS model (where XaaS stands for X as a service, and X stands for anything), in which any number of services are provided by service providers in the cloud.
Processing of log data and performance data obtained via an application programming interface (API)
The disclosed system and method acquire and store performance measurements relating to performance of a component in an information technology (IT) environment and log data produced by the IT environment, in association with corresponding time stamps. The disclosed system and method correlate at least one of the performance measurements with at least one of the portions of log data.
Divided data transmitting and receiving system
A receiving system of the present disclosure includes: a plurality of demodulators; an add-on generating one stream based on an output from each of the demodulators; a selector selecting and outputting one among an output from one of the demodulators, namely the demodulator, and the one stream from the add-on; and a back-end processor generating an output for a display based on an output from the selector and the other demodulators, namely the demodulators. The selector selects an output from the demodulator in a single channel transmission mode, and selects the stream from the add-on in a multiple channel transmission mode.
Synchronization method, receive end, and transmit end
The present invention provides a synchronization signal receiving method, including: receiving, by a receive end, a synchronization sequence sent by a transmit end, where the synchronization sequence includes a carrier frequency synchronization sequence, the carrier frequency synchronization sequence is zc(m)=e±jπm(m+1+2q)/L, m=0, 1, . . . , L−1, q∈Z, L indicates a length of the carrier frequency synchronization sequence, q indicates a parameter of the carrier frequency synchronization sequence, Z indicates an integer set, e±jπm(m+1+2q)/L indicates the (±jπm(m+1+2q)/L)th power of e, and e is a natural constant; and performing, by the receive end, frequency offset estimation according to the received synchronization sequence, to obtain a frequency offset estimation value. With the technical solutions of embodiments of the present invention, accuracy of frequency offset estimation can be improved.
Transmitting and receiving device and method in wireless communication system
Disclosed is a method for a station (STA) device transmitting data in a Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) system. The method for transmitting data, according to one embodiment of the present invention, comprises the steps of: FEC encoding transmission data; interleaving the transmission data; constellation mapping the transmission data; performing IDFT on the transmission data; and upconverting the transmission data and transmitting a transmission signal, wherein the transmission signal comprises a first part and a second part, and IDFT is performed using different FFT sizes for the first part and the second part.
Method of signal generation and signal generating device
A transmission method simultaneously transmitting a first modulated signal and a second modulated signal at a common frequency performs precoding on both signals using a fixed precoding matrix and regularly changes the phase of at least one of the signals, thereby improving received data signal quality for a reception device.
Low PAPR dual sub-carrier modulation scheme for BPSK in WLAN
Dual sub-carrier modulation (DCM) is introduced in high efficiency (HE) WLAN. DCM is a solution to deal with narrow band interferences and for range extension. DCM can introduce frequency diversity into OFDM systems by transmitting the same information on two subcarriers separated in frequency. If DCM is applied, then the transmitter modulates the same encoded bits onto two separated subcarriers with the same or different constellation mapping schemes. DCM suffers from a high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR). In accordance with one novel aspect, a method of transmitting and encoding a HE PPDU frame with binary phase shift keying (BPSK) DCM and lower PAPR is proposed.
Data communication based on frequency
Systems and techniques for communicating data as a function of frequency are presented. In an implementation, a system includes a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) sensor, a digital signal processor and a frequency detection circuit. The digital signal processor is coupled to the MEMS sensor. The frequency detection circuit receives data encoded as a function of frequency from the digital signal processor via a clock communication channel.
Transmitter, receiver, and control method thereof regarding transmission packet header
A transmitter includes a baseband frame generator configured to generate a baseband frame comprising a baseband header, a data field, and a padding field; and a mapper to map a plurality of data streams to the data field, wherein the baseband frame generator is further configured to insert a padding length field indicating a byte number of the padding field in the baseband frame, and insert a padding indicator field indicating information about the padding length field in the baseband header.
System for resolving channel sparsity in multiple-input multiple-output systems using (re)configurable antennas, and methods of making and using the same
A wireless system, and particularly, a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless communication system is disclosed. The wireless system includes a plurality of (re)configurable antennas and a rate-two space coding design for a MIMO system. The MIMO wireless communication system generally includes M (re)configurable antennas configured to independently transmit or broadcast wireless electromagnetic signals having a frequency in the microwave and/or optical ranges, a controller configured to control the (re)configurable antennas, and an encoder configured to encode information onto the wireless electromagnetic signals. The information comprises codewords having N symbols, and the codewords are expressed in an N×M matrix having a non-zero determinant and in which at least one symbol is associated with a coefficient configured to maximize diversity, maximize coding gain and/or reduce channel fading in the MIMO wireless communication system. M and N are each independently an integer of at least 2.
Adaptive digital cancellation using probe waveforms
A method and apparatus for achieving simultaneous transmit and receive operation with digital cancelling based upon probe waveforms is described. Digital cancelling based upon probe waveforms enables adjacent transmitting and receiving channels to transmit and receive correlated signals.
Partial response receiver
A signaling system is described. The signaling system comprises a transmit device, a receive device including a partial response receive circuit, and a signaling path coupling the transmit device and the receive device. The receive device observes an equalized signal from the signaling path, and includes circuitry to use feedback from the most recent previously resolved symbol to sample a currently incoming symbol. The transmit device equalizes transmit data to transmit the equalized signal, by applying weighting based on one or more data values not associated with the most recent previously resolved symbol value.
Extending NSH services into the VPN L2/L3 domain
Embodiments of the present disclosure are directed to augmenting a Network Service Header (NSH) metadata of a data packet with a virtual routing and forwarding identifier (VRF-ID) and forgoing augmenting a virtual private network (VPN) label into a multiprotocol label switched (MPLS) metadata of the data packet. A provider edge router can use the VRF-ID to identify a next hop for the data packet as a service to be applied prior to forwarding the data packet to a VPN site.
Extended discontinuous receive (eDRX) cycles
A core network node (e.g., Serving GPRS Support Node), a radio access network node (e.g., Base Station Subsystem) and various methods are described herein for implementing longer paging cycles (e.g., Extended Discontinuous Receive (eDRX) cycles) for wireless devices in a wireless communication network.
Vehicle electronic computer compatible with the CAN-FD communication protocol
A vehicle electronic computer, including a first microcontroller and a second microcontroller including respective FlexRay™ communication controllers that are linked to one another by connections, the first microcontroller and the second microcontroller being configured to exchange data with one another by way of the FlexRay™ communication controllers. Furthermore, the second microcontroller includes a CAN-FD communication controller by way of which the electronic computer is able to be linked to a communication bus of the vehicle in order to exchange data with a remote device, and the CAN-FD communication controller is linked to the FlexRay™ communication controller of the second microcontroller.
Methods, devices and systems for supporting wireless communication
A device for supporting wireless communication is provided. The device may comprise a first Bluetooth chip for communicating with a Bluetooth device and a second Bluetooth chip for communicating with a client device. The second Bluetooth chip may be configured to receive advertising data of the Bluetooth device from the first Bluetooth chip and broadcast advertising data including the received advertising data of the Bluetooth device. The first Bluetooth chip and the second Bluetooth chip may be configured to establish communication links between the client device and the second Bluetooth chip, between the second Bluetooth chip and the first Bluetooth chip, and between the first Bluetooth chip and the Bluetooth device.
Method for implementing point-to-multipoint multicast, network node, and system
Embodiments of the present invention provide a method for implementing P2MP multicast, a network node, and a system. The method includes: acquiring, by a network-side leaf node, an mLDP label of a downstream user-side leaf node and FEC information from an mLDP mapping message of the downstream user-side leaf node, then sending an mLDP mapping message that includes an mLDP label and the FEC information, to an upstream network-side root node, and generating a forwarding entry; searching for or establishing an RSVP P2MP LSP, allocating a label to the FEC information, and associating a forwarding entry of each network-side leaf node with the label of the FEC information; and sending an mLDP label of the network-side root node and the FEC information to an upstream user-side leaf node, and associating the mLDP label with the RSVP P2MP LSP and the label of the FEC information.
Bit indexed explicit replication using multiprotocol label switching
Various systems and methods for performing bit indexed explicit replication (BIER) using multiprotocol label switching (MPLS). For example, one method involves receiving a packet that includes a MPLS label. The packet also includes a multicast forwarding entry. The method also involves determining, based on the value of the MPLS label, whether to use the multicast forwarding entry to forward the packet. The method further includes forwarding the packet.
Deterministic verification of digital identity documents
A method, computer program product, and system obtaining and identity verification request that include a specification for one or more electronic identity documents including one or more requested document types to fulfill the identity verification request. One or more processors locate at least one electronic identity document including each of the requested document types. Each electronic identity document in the repository includes machine readable metadata that includes the document type of that document. The one or more processors perform a deterministic match to select one electronic identity document including each of the one or more requested document types to utilize in formulating a response to the identity verification request and formulate a response to the identity verification request, based on the selected electronic identity document(s).
Methods and systems for randomized message generation for cryptographic hash functions
Methods and systems for generation of randomized messages for cryptographic hash functions are described herein. The method includes obtaining a random value in a binary bit form for randomizing a message. The method also includes splitting the message into multiple message blocks, where a length of each of the multiple message blocks is based on a length of the random value and a block length of a compression function. The method further includes prepending and appending each of the multiple message blocks with at least a portion of the random value and concatenating the prepended and appended message blocks to obtain a message envelope for generating the randomized message.
Information processing apparatus and information processing method
An information processing system includes circuitry that stores at least one secret key that corresponds to a public key. The circuitry also causes display, on a screen, of information corresponding to the public key and information corresponding to the secret key.
Secured wireless communications
For secure wireless communications the sender device uses a rail encoder that outputs dual rail-encoded states of light in a time slot. The states of light dual rail-encode information according to a phase and/or intensity difference between the dual rails, and the rail-encoded states of light may further be converted to a polarization-encoded state. This may be implemented using at least two polarizing beam-splitters with at least one quarter-wave plate disposed therebetween; and/or with integrated waveguides that convert three optical inputs to two optical outputs that are input to a polarization rotator-combiner. The encoder may randomly define the polarization-encoded state such as by randomly selecting from a finite number of at least N=3 possible polarization rotations. The recipient device may use 2N parallel channels to decode the dual rail-encoded states of light, each channel comprising a detector configured to detect one of N possible polarization states.
Time-alignment measurment for hybrid HD radio technology
A method for processing a digital audio broadcast signal in a radio receiver, includes: receiving a hybrid broadcast signal; demodulating the hybrid broadcast signal to produce an analog audio stream and a digital audio stream; and using a normalized cross-correlation of envelopes of the analog audio stream and the digital audio stream to measure a time offset between the analog audio stream and the digital audio stream. The time offset can be used to align the analog audio stream and the digital audio stream for subsequent blending of an output of the radio receiver from the analog audio stream to the digital audio stream or from the digital audio stream to the analog audio stream.
Methods and apparatus for transmitting/receiving HE-LTF
A method and apparatus for transmitting frames having a long training field (LTF) for a second type of station (STA) in a wireless communication system are provided. For this, STA prepares a frame having a first part for a first type of STA and a second part for the second type of STA; wherein the second part includes multiple LTFs, when the frame is used for MU (Multiple User) transmission scheme or OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency Divisional Multiple Access) scheme. In case a first LTF having a first number of symbols length and a second LTF having a second number of symbols length, which is greater than the first number of symbols length, are used for the multiple LTFs, the first LTF is extended such that the first LTF and the second LTF have a same number of symbols length. The STA transmits the prepared frame to one or more STAs.
Method and apparatus for receiving frame
Disclosed are a method and an apparatus for receiving a frame. A method for receiving a frame in a wireless LAN comprises the steps of: an AP transmitting, to a plurality of STAs, a downlink PPDU including downlink data for each of the plurality of STAs, through a plurality of channels; and the AP receiving, from each of the plurality of STAs, a plurality of block ACK frames transmitted based on a block ACK transmission control field, wherein the downlink PPDU includes the block ACK transmission control field, and wherein each of the plurality of block ACK frames may include ACK information related to downlink data.
Uplink reference signal transmission method and device in millimetre-wave-supporting wireless access system
The present invention provides a method for defining, and for transmitting, a new uplink reference signal and devices supporting the method. In one embodiment of the present invention, a method in which a terminal transmits a millimetre wave reference signal (mW-RS) in a millimetre-wave (mmWave)-supporting wireless access system comprises the steps of: receiving a downlink reference signal in a predetermined number of sub-frames, and measuring two or more received power levels; determining whether to transmit an mW-RS, based on the value(s) of the difference(s) between the two or more received power levels; and transmitting the mW-RS if it has been decided to transmit an mW-RS. Here, the mW-RS is transmitted in order to measure whether the state of a wireless channel has transitioned between an LoS (Light of Sight) state and a NLoS (Non-LoS) state.
Wireless transmission path selection method and apparatus
The present invention relates to the field of the mobile communications technologies, and in particular, to a wireless transmission path selection method and apparatus. In this solution, according to corresponding precoding information, a CQI of each wireless transmission path and/or orthogonality information of channel propagation directions from any two candidate transmission nodes in a candidate transmission node set to a wireless transmission path selection node are/is determined. Both the precoding information and the orthogonality information of the channel propagation directions are related to spatial beamforming. Therefore, interference imposed by spatial beamforming on a signal is considered during wireless transmission path selection, improving accuracy of a determined wireless transmission path, and improving capacity resource utilization.
Feedback information transmission method in communications system and apparatus
Embodiments of the present invention provide a feedback information transmission method in a communications system and an apparatus. In this method, UE may determine a codebook size of the feedback information according to a status of a downlink subframe scheduled by the base station.
Method and system for supporting multiple hybrid automatic repeat request processes per transmission time interval
A method and apparatus may be used for supporting multiple hybrid automatic repeat request (H-ARQ) processes per transmission time interval (TTI). A transmitter and a receiver may include a plurality of H-ARQ processes. Each H-ARQ process may transmit and receive one TB per TTI. The transmitter may generate a plurality of TBs and assign each TB to a H-ARQ process. The transmitter may send control information for each TB, which may include H-ARQ information associated TBs with the TBs. The transmitter may send the TBs using the associated H-ARQ processes simultaneously per TTI. After receiving the TBs, the receiver may send feedback for each of the H-ARQ processes and associated TBs indicating successful or unsuccessful receipt of each of the TBs to the transmitter. The feedback for multiple TBs may be combined for the simultaneously transmitted H-ARQ processes, (i.e., TBs).
Packet-based adaptive forward error correction
A system, method, and storage medium provide dynamic, packet-based adaptive forward error correction over a lossy bidirectional data communication medium that couples a transmitting device to a receiving device. The transmitting device repeatedly transmits encoded data packets formed by applying, to unencoded data, a forward error correction (FEC) algorithm having a level N that indicates a number of correctable errors. The receiving device attempts to decode the encoded data packets using the FEC algorithm, requesting retransmission of a packet if there are too many errors to correct. The transmitting device decreases the level N when it does not receive such a request within a given duration. By contrast, the transmitting device increases the level N when it receives a sequence of such requests having a threshold length, each request being received less than the given duration after the previous request.
Launcher and coupling system to support desired guided wave mode
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a launcher that includes a hollow waveguide that guides a first electromagnetic wave conveying data from a transmitting device. A dielectric stub coupler receives the first electromagnetic wave from the hollow waveguide to form a second electromagnetic wave that propagates along a portion of the dielectric stub coupler adjacent to a transmission medium, wherein second electromagnetic wave propagates along the dielectric stub coupler via a first guided wave mode and a second guided wave mode, and wherein the portion has a length that supports a coupling of the second guided wave mode for propagation along an outer surface of the transmission medium.
Channelized ODUflex systems and methods
Systems and methods to provide a channelized Optical channel Data Unit flexible (ODUflex) include receiving a signal; multiplexing the signal into a Tributary Slot (TS) of the channelized ODUflex, wherein the channelized ODUflex supports a variable number of TSs and a variable size; and mapping the channelized ODUflex into an Optical channel Transport Unit k/Cn (OTUk/Cn)(k=1, 2, 3, 4), (n=1, 2, 3, . . . ). A network element configured to operate in an OTN network includes one or more ports coupled to switching circuitry, wherein a first port is configured to receive a signal, wherein the switching circuitry is configured to multiplex the signal into a TS of a channelized ODUflex, wherein the channelized ODUflex supports a variable number of TSs and a variable size (rate), and wherein a second port is configured to map the channelized ODUflex into an OTUk/Cn.
Physical layer circuit, clock recovery circuit and calibration method of frequency offset
A physical layer circuit of a receiver, a clock recovery circuit and a calibration method of frequency offset are provided. The physical layer circuit includes an equalizer and a clock recovery circuit. The equalizer generates an equalized sampling signal corresponding to a sampling clock signal. The clock recovery circuit includes a phase detector, a loop filter, a free wheel circuit, an output circuit and a controller. The phase detector calculates phase differences according to the equalized sampling signal. The loop filter generates loop pulses according to the phase differences. The free wheel circuit generates free wheel pulses. The output circuit receives the loop pulses and the free wheel pulses and generates corresponding phase-shifting pulses for adjusting the sampling clock signal. The controller calculates an accumulative correction offset according to the phase-shifting pulses, and the free wheel circuit periodically generates the free wheel pulses accordingly.
Methods and apparatus for increasing the robustness of media signatures
Methods and apparatus for determining increasing robustness of media signatures are disclosed. An example apparatus includes a characteristic analyzer to analyze a media signal based on a signature algorithm to identify a comparison between a first characteristic and a second characteristic that does not satisfy a threshold; and a characteristic enhancer to adjust at least one of the first characteristic or the second characteristic to satisfy the threshold.
Reception apparatus and data processing method
The present technology relates to a reception apparatus and a data processing method that permit efficient processing of time information.The reception apparatus receives a digital broadcasting signal based on an IP transport scheme, acquires time information from a physical layer frame transported in a physical layer of a protocol stack for the IP transport scheme, converts the acquired time information into the same data format as data provided in a payload of the physical layer frame, and outputs the converted time information to a processing section that performs a given process relating to an upper layer that is a layer higher than the physical layer. The present technology is applicable, for example, to a television receiver that supports an IP transport scheme.
Method and apparatus for detecting a fault in a communication system
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a system for transmitting a source test signal directed to a second system of a distributed communication system for a retransmission of the source test signal by the second system and a plurality of other systems of the distributed communication system, receiving a plurality of returned test signals from the second system, wherein the plurality of returned test signals corresponds to a retransmission of the source test signal by at least one of the plurality of other systems, and determining from the plurality of returned test signals whether any one of the plurality of other systems is experiencing an operational fault based on an expected round trip delay for each of the plurality of returned test signals. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Apparatus, system, and method for facilitating increased data transmission speeds in size-constrained rackmount network devices
The disclosed apparatus may include (1) a switch-fabric circuit board that includes at least one switch-fabric circuit that facilitates communicative connectivity between packet forwarding engines within a rackmount network device and (2) a plurality of optic circuit boards that are each communicatively connected to the switch-fabric circuit board. In this example, the optic circuit boards may include a plurality of packet forwarding engines that are communicatively connected to one another via the switch-fabric circuit and a plurality of communication ports that are each communicatively connected to at least one of the packet forwarding engines. In addition, the switch-fabric circuit board may reside between at least two of the optic circuit boards within the rackmount network device. Various other apparatuses, systems, and methods are also disclosed.
Electro-optic sensor system
An electro-optical sensor comprises an optical input configured to receive an optical carrier via an upstream fiber. The electro-optical sensor also includes an optical modulator configured to modulate an electrical signal onto the optical carrier to create an optical signal. The electro-optical sensor further includes an optical output configured to transmit the optical signal via a downstream fiber. The electro-optical sensor employs a variation output configured to transmit variation data indicating variation in the received optical carrier to support compensation for corresponding variation in the optical signal.
Optical link architecture based on wireline equalization techniques
A high data rate, high sensitivity, low power optical link using low-bandwidth components and low-bandwidth E/O drivers and receivers and method of building same. The method is based on the idea of making the optical part of the link look like a bandwidth limited lossy electrical channel, so that the powerful equalization methods used in the wireline electrical links can be applied to recover the transmitted data in a situation with low bandwidth and/or high loss and strong inter-symbol interference. Linear and non-linear optical channel components, E/O drivers and receivers can benefit from the apparatus and the methods of the invention.
Optical power and chromatic dispersion equalization system
Wavelength multiplexed optical communication systems include a channeled chromatic dispersion compensator coupled to receive modulated optical beams associated with a plurality of optical channels at respective communication wavelengths. The channeled chromatic dispersion compensator applies independently selected dispersion compensations to each of the optical channels by identifying a dispersion compensation associated with a preferred bit error rate, inter-symbol interference, or other signal quality metric, or determined using optical fiber properties such as dispersion slope and zero dispersion wavelength. Chromatic dispersion compensation can be coupled with channel power equalization, and can be performed at a receiver or a transmitter or in the middle of a fiber span.
Visible light communication method, identification signal, and receiver
A visible light communication method is provided that includes obtaining a first information, by a receiver, through visible light communication with a light source. The method also includes sending the first information and a second information, by the receiver, to a first server, the second information related to a membership information of a specified organization which is stored in the receiver. The method further includes obtaining, by the receiver, information from the first server using the first information and the second information.
Free-space optical communications network
The disclosure provides for a system that includes a plurality of stations equipped for free-space optical communications (FSOC) in a network and a central control system. At least one station in the plurality of stations includes a wavelength selectable switch, an OEO module, and one or more first processors. The one or more first processors are configured to control the wavelength selectable switch, process an electrical signal that is extracted using the OEO module, and communicate with the central control system. The central control system includes one or more second processors that are configured to receive data regarding FSOC communication conditions at the plurality of stations, determine a path between stations through the network based on the received data, and transmit instructions to the plurality of stations.
Systems and methods for reconfiguring an adaptive optical network when adding an optical path
A disclosed method for configuring an optical network includes determining that a measure of performance for a first optical path is approaching a safe threshold and designating the first optical path as at risk for performance degradation due to additional traffic. The method also includes, in response to adding a new optical path, calculating a system margin for the first optical path representing a difference between an OSNR delivered on the first optical path and a required OSNR for error-free operation on the first optical path, determining that the system margin is insufficient to meet an applicable performance level, modifying an operating parameter of a transmitter or receiver of the first optical path and refraining from calculating a system margin for a second optical path that is not designated as at risk for performance degradation. The method may be implemented by a network management system of the optical network.
Communication infrastructure devices and support tools for intelligent residences or businesses and communicating method with and operating intelligent electrical devices
A method and apparatus for propagating optical signals via a cascaded line of support devices for electrically powered wiring devices and low voltage IoTs and Ai devices, combined into homes and high-rise units for operating, controlling and reporting home automation via optical, electrical and wireless communication with no collision, by providing traffic control for signals propagation. The cascaded devices linked via plastic optical fiber or other optical cable are aided by a series of testers during installation and beyond, with the electrical and low voltage devices are installed by a plug-in action into the cascaded devices and removed by a pull hand tool.
Broadband repeater with security for ultrawideband technologies
An ultrawideband radio transceiver/repeater provides a low cost infrastructure solution that merges wireless and wired network devices while providing connection to the plant, flexible repeater capabilities, network security, traffic monitoring and provisioning, and traffic flow control for wired and wireless connectivity of devices or networks. The ultrawideband radio transceiver/repeater can be implemented in discrete, integrated, distributed or embedded forms.
Method and communication device for determining beam for use
A method of determining a beam for use in wireless communication is disclosed. The method is performed in a communication device comprising a digital receiver and an analog receiver. The method comprises receiving signaling on an active antenna port by using the digital receiver, measuring power of one or more beams received at one or more of a respective currently inactive antenna ports by using the analog receiver, and determining, the beam for use in the wireless communication by comparing received power of a beam received at the active antenna port to the power of the one or more beams received at the one or more respective currently inactive antenna port, and determining the beam for use to be the beam having the highest received power. A communication device, computer program and computer program products are also disclosed.
Method for reporting precoding matrix index for high-frequency band communication in wireless communication system, and apparatus therefor
Disclosed in the present application is a method for a terminal reporting a precoding matrix index to a base station in a wireless communication system. Specifically, the method comprises the steps of: estimating a channel with the base station; on the basis of the estimated channel, selecting a first precoding matrix from a first codebook; on the basis of the estimated channel, selecting a second precoding matrix from a second codebook comprising only precoding matrixes which do not include the first precoding matrix; and reporting, to the base station, at least one among the index of the first precoding matrix and the index of the second precoding matrix.
Techniques for filtering multi-component signals
Techniques are described herein for filtering and/or otherwise isolating or extracting components of multi-component signals. More specifically, embodiments of the present disclosure describe techniques for filtering and/or otherwise extracting a continuous wave component (or wireless power component) and a modulated data component from a multi-component signal. In some embodiments, the techniques describe systems, apparatuses and methods for filtering and/or otherwise isolating or extracting a frequency (e.g., modulated data component) from a continuous wave (e.g., wireless power component) without affecting the levels of other frequencies. The individual components or signals can be transmitted by one or more sources and received at one or more existing antennas of an electronic device simultaneously.
Reconfigurable aperture antenna
Systems, methods, and devices relating to reconfigurable antennas are disclosed.
Transmitter circuit, semiconductor apparatus and data transmission method
The transmitter circuit according to one embodiment includes a pulse generating circuit generating a pulse signal based on edges of input data, a first output driver outputting, based on the pulse signal, a first output pulse signal according to one of the edges to a first end of an external insulating coupling element, a second output driver outputting, based on the pulse signal, a second output pulse signal according to other one of the edges to a second end of the insulating coupling element, and an output stop circuit stopping the first and second output pulse signals from being output for a prescribed period from when a power supply voltage is turned on.
Apparatus for transmitting data in interleave division multiple access (IDMA) system
There is provided an apparatus including: an acquisition unit configured to acquire an information block generated from transmission data for a user and subjected to error correction coding; and an interleaving unit configured to interleave a bit sequence of the information block using an interleaver unique to the user. The interleaving unit interleaves the bit sequence by interleaving each of two or more partial sequences obtained from the bit sequence.
Computer-readable recording medium, encoding apparatus, and encoding method
An encoding apparatus reads text data of an encoding target, encodes each character or word in the text data of the encoding target by using a bit map type index in which an appearance position is associated with each of the encoded characters or words, appearing on the text data of the encoding target, as bit map data, and updates the bit map type index with respect to the encoded character or word.
Method and apparatus for hybrid compression processing for high levels of compression
In one embodiment, an apparatus comprises a first compression engine to receive a first compressed data block from a second compression engine that is to generate the first compressed data block by compressing a first plurality of repeated instances of data that each have a length greater than or equal to a first length. The first compression engine is further to compress a second plurality of repeated instances of data of the first compressed data block that each have a length greater than or equal to a second length, the second length being shorter than the first length, wherein each compressed repeated instance of the first and second pluralities of repeated instances comprises a location and length of a data instance that is repeated. The apparatus further comprises a memory buffer to store the compressed first and second plurality of repeated instances of data.
Floating point to fixed point conversion
Embodiments of an instruction, its operation, and executional support for the instruction are described. In some embodiments, a processor comprises decode circuitry to decode an instruction having fields for an opcode, a packed data source operand identifier, and a packed data destination operand identifier; and execution circuitry to execute the decoded instruction to convert a single precision floating point data element of a least significant packed data element position of the identified packed data source operand to a fixed-point representation, store the fixed-point representation as 32-bit integer and a 32-bit integer exponent in the two least significant packed data element positions of the identified packed data destination operand, and zero of all remaining packed data elements of the identified packed data destination operand.
Entropy encoding and decoding scheme
Decomposing a value range of the respective syntax elements into a sequence of n partitions with coding the components of z laying within the respective partitions separately with at least one by VLC coding and with at least one by PIPE or entropy coding is used to greatly increase the compression efficiency at a moderate coding overhead since the coding scheme used may be better adapted to the syntax element statistics. Accordingly, syntax elements are decomposed into a respective number n of source symbols si with i=1 . . . n, the respective number n of source symbols depending on as to which of a sequence of n partitions into which a value range of the respective syntax elements is sub-divided, a value z of the respective syntax elements falls into, so that a sum of values of the respective number of source symbols si yields z, and, if n>1, for all i=1 . . . n−1, the value of si corresponds to a range of the ith partition.
Sub-sampling phase-locked loop
A sub-sampling phase-locked loop is described, which comprises a digital-to-time converter, a sampler module, an interpolator, and a voltage controlled oscillator. The digital-to-time converter is configured to provide a first delay signal (SDLY1) at a first point (t1) in time and a second delay signal (SDLY2) at a second point in time (t2). The sampler module is configured to provide a first sample (S1) of the oscillator output signal (SOUT) at the first point in time (t1) and a second sample (S2) of the oscillator output signal (SOUT) at the second point in time (t2). The interpolator is configured to provide a sampler signal (SSAMPL) by interpolating the first sample (S1) and the second sample (S2). The voltage controlled oscillator is configured to control the oscillator output signal (SOUT) based on the sampler signal (SSAMPL).
Oscillation apparatus and oscillation frequency adjustment method
An oscillation apparatus includes: an oscillation circuit; a timing control circuit that generates a timing signal using an output clock of the oscillation circuit; an integration circuit that cyclically integrates a reference current based on the timing signal to output an output voltage value; a comparison circuit that compares the output voltage value of the integration circuit with predetermined threshold voltage and outputs a comparison result; a steady voltage changing circuit that, when it is shown by the comparison result of the comparison circuit that the output voltage value of the integration circuit exceeds the threshold voltage, returns the output voltage value of the integration circuit by a predetermined amount; and a frequency adjustment circuit that generates a control signal for adjusting an oscillation frequency of the oscillation circuit based on a value obtained by averaging the comparison result in plurality of the comparison circuit.
Apparatuses and methods for indirectly detecting phase variations
Apparatuses and methods for indirect phase variation detection are disclosed herein. An example apparatus may include a clock generator circuit comprising a delay-locked loop (DLL) circuit configured to adjust a phase of a clock signal based on a phase of a feedback clock signal during an initial phase-lock operation. The DLL circuit includes a phase deviation detection circuit configured to detect a variation in a phase of the clock signal based on variations in gate delays of an oscillation circuit, and to initiate a subsequent phase-lock operation in response to detecting variations in the gate delays of the oscillation circuit.
Self-calibrating frequency quadrupler circuit and method thereof
An apparatus comprises: a main frequency quadrupler configured to receive a first clock and output a second clock of a quadruple frequency in accordance with a first control signal and a second control signal, wherein a timing difference between a first rising edge and a second rising edge of the second clock is controlled by the second control signal, and a timing difference between the first rising edge and a third rising edge of the second clock is controlled by the first control signal; an auxiliary frequency quadrupler configured to receive the first clock and output a third clock of the quadruple frequency with a timing offset controlled a third control signal; and a calibration circuit configured to generate and output the first control signal, the second control signal, and the third control signal in accordance with a timing difference between the second clock and the third clock.
Method and apparatus for implementing configurable streaming networks
A method of configuring a programmable integrated circuit device. A channel source within the virtual fabric is configured to receive input data from a first kernel outside of the virtual fabric and on the programmable integrated circuit device, and a channel sink within the virtual fabric is configured to transmit output data to the first kernel. The configuring of the channel source is modified such that the channel source receives input data from a second kernel in response to detecting a change in operation of the programmable integrated circuit device.
Current-mode PUF circuit based on reference current source
A current-mode PUF circuit based on a reference current source comprises an input register, the reference current source, a deviation current comparator and a timing controller. The input register is used for ensuring synchronization of the input challenges to avoid influences of asynchronous challenges on output responses. The reference current source generates a reference current for temperature and voltage compensation. A deviation current source array generates two paths of deviation currents under the control of the input challenges. The deviation current comparator generates and outputs a judgement according to the magnitude of the current provided by the deviation current source array. The timing controller is used for generating timing information for operation of the PUF circuit. The invention has the following advantages: the deviation current source array outputs deviation currents with high robustness and high reliability. Simulation results show that the PUF circuit of the invention has good uniqueness and high reliability of 99.6% when operating under difference temperatures (−40˜120° C.) and different voltages (1.08˜1.32V).
Power semiconductor drive circuit, power semiconductor circuit, and power module circuit device
A power semiconductor drive circuit includes a parallel circuit connected to a gate of a power semiconductor element and constituted by two transistors for setting gate resistance of the power semiconductor element; a gate voltage monitoring circuit connected to the gate of the power semiconductor element and the parallel circuit, wherein a monitoring voltage is set in the gate voltage monitoring circuit to monitor a gate voltage of the power semiconductor element; a signal delay circuit to delay an output signal of the gate voltage monitoring circuit; and a gate control circuit to change the magnitude of combined resistance of the parallel circuit based on an output signal output from the signal delay circuit.
Method and apparatus for driving a power transistor gate
A gate drive circuit includes a first switch electrically coupled to a single-supply input voltage node, the first switch electrically coupling the voltage node with a first capacitor if switched on; a second switch electrically coupled to a ground node, the second switch electrically coupling the first capacitor with the ground node if switched on; and the first capacitor. A first capacitor lead of the first capacitor is electrically coupled to the first and second switches and a second capacitor lead of the first capacitor is arranged to connect with a power transistor gate.
Semiconductor device and electric power control apparatus
A driver IC includes a ring-shaped termination area, and a first area and a second area that are respectively arranged outside and inside the termination area on a layout. A sense MOS that is arranged between a floating terminal and a first sense node and is driven at a power supply voltage is formed in the termination area. A fault detection circuit that detects presence of a fault when a voltage of the first sense node is higher than a decision voltage that has been determined in advance in a period of time that a low side driver is driving a low side transistor into an ON state is formed in the first area.
Power switch control by supply voltage terminal
A power switch device includes a switch which is configured to switch a load signal between an on state and an off state. A first terminal and a second terminal of the power switch device are configured to provide a supply voltage to the power switch device. The second terminal is further configured to provide a control signal to the power switch device. The control signal is generated by disconnecting the second terminal from an external voltage source. A storage circuit of the power switch device is configured to capacitively store a status of the supply voltage. A control circuit of the power switch device is configured to control operation of the power switch device depending on the stored status of the supply voltage.
Active gate bias driver
A device is described that includes a gate driver configured to output, to a gate of a switch, a turn-on voltage for activating the switch in response to receiving an indication to activate the switch and an active gate bias driver configured to actively drive a voltage at the gate of the switch to a bias voltage in response to receiving an indication to deactivate the switch. The bias voltage is less than the turn-on voltage and wherein the bias voltage is greater than a ground voltage of the gate driver.
Apparatus and method for processing an input-signal voltage
A circuit for processing an input-signal voltage comprises a first comparator comprising a first-comparator sense node and a reference capacitance that is coupled to the first-comparator sense node, a second comparator comprising a second-comparator sense node, and a comparator select switch coupled between a path input terminal of the circuit and the first-comparator sense node and the second-comparator sense node. A method of processing at least one input-signal voltage using at least one associated threshold voltage in a circuit, wherein a plurality of comparators comprises more comparators than there are path input terminals coupled to path output terminals, comprises selectively making a coupling via one comparator of two comparators provided in parallel to form a coupling path from the path input terminal to an associated path output terminal, while breaking the coupling via the other comparator.
Semiconductor apparatus and radio communication apparatus
A semiconductor apparatus, includes a common mode detector circuit that receives alternating current (AC) signals in a common mode.
Self-activating adjustable power limiter
A fast response time, self-activating, adjustable threshold limiter including a limiting element LE, a first coupling element CE1 electrically connected from a signal node of LE to a control input of LE, and a second coupling element CE2 electrically connected from the control input of LE to a nominal node of LE. An initial bias (control) voltage is also supplied to the control input of LE to dynamically control the limiting threshold for the limiter. Embodiments include usage of self-activating adjustable power limiters in combination with series switch components in a switch circuit in lieu of conventional shunt switches.
A hysteresis comparator that has a small circuit area and low power consumption is provided. A differential pair in the comparator is formed using transistors each including a back gate. The comparator is configured to apply an inverted signal of a logic value of an output signal of the comparator to the back gate of the transistor. That is, the threshold voltage of the transistor is controlled by the inverted signal. By the change of the threshold voltage, hysteresis can be added to an input comparison voltage.
Oscillator, electronic apparatus, and moving object
A oscillator includes a substrate having a first surface and a second surface, a first wiring layer and a second wiring layer disposed respectively on the first and second surfaces, and a plurality of through holes electrically connecting the first and second wiring layers to each other, a resonator disposed above the first surface of the substrate, and having a resonator element, a pair of electrodes sandwiching the resonator element, and a pair of terminals adapted to electrically connect the pair of electrodes to the first electrode layer, and at least one semiconductor device disposed on the second surface of the substrate, adapted to generate an oscillation signal, and having first and second terminals electrically connected respectively to the pair of terminals of the resonator via the second wiring layer and the first wiring layer, and a third terminal supplied with a digital control signal, wherein a distance between each of the first and second terminals and the pair of terminals of the resonator is shorter than a distance between the third terminal and the pair of terminals of the resonator.
Systems and methods for de-noising seismic data
Systems and methods are provided for de-noising seismic data recorded by seismic receivers. A first portion of the seismic data having a first signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) to is processed to generate a de-noising operator or function. The de-noising operator is applied to a second portion of seismic data having a second SNR to remove noise from the second portion of the seismic data, where the first SNR is greater than the second SNR.
Micro-acoustic component having improved temperature compensation
For a component operating with acoustic waves, it is proposed to provide a compensation layer on the component for compensating for a negative temperature coefficient of the frequency, which includes a material based on a chemical compound made up of at least two elements, which has a negative thermal expansion coefficient.
Piezoelectric vibrator and piezoelectric vibration device
A piezoelectric vibrator that includes first and second vibration portions that vibrate with mutually reverse phases. Each of the vibration portions includes a silicon layer, a first piezoelectric layer and a second piezoelectric layer that has polarization in an opposite direction to a direction of polarization of the first piezoelectric layer. First and second electrodes are disposed on opposite sides of the second piezoelectric layer. The piezoelectric vibrator has a structure such that a first potential is applied to the first electrode of the first vibration portion and the second electrode of the second vibration portion, and a second potential is applied to the second electrode of the first vibration portion and the first electrode of the second vibration portion.
Radio frequency power amplifier with noise reduction feedback linearization
RF PA circuitry includes an RF signal path, an adjustable component, a distortion compensation feedback loop including distortion compensation circuitry, RF noise filtering circuitry, and baseband noise filtering circuitry. The adjustable component is located in the RF signal path. The distortion compensation feedback loop is coupled in parallel with at least a portion of the RF signal path, and includes the distortion compensation circuitry. Further, the distortion compensation circuitry is configured to adjust one or more parameters of the adjustable component via a component adjustment signal based on a measurement of a signal at an output of the RF signal path. The RF noise filtering circuitry is coupled in the RF signal path and configured to attenuate noise therein. The baseband noise filtering circuitry is coupled between the distortion compensation circuitry and the adjustable component and configured to attenuate noise in the component adjustment signal.
Power management in transceivers
Various embodiments are directed to apparatuses and methods to generate a first signal representing modulation data and a second signal representing an amplitude of the modulation data, the first signal and the second signal to depend on an output signal and vary a power supply voltage to a gain stage in proportion to the amplitude of the modulation data.
Power amplification circuit
A power amplification circuit includes: a first output transistor that has a power supply voltage supplied to its collector or drain, has a common emitter or source, amplifies an input signal supplied to its base or gate and outputs a first amplified signal from its collector or drain; a first transistor that has the power supply voltage supplied to its collector or drain, has a first current supplied to its base or gate and supplies a first bias current to the base or gate of the first output transistor from its emitter or source; and a second transistor that has its collector or drain connected to the base or gate of the first transistor, has a second current supplied to its base or gate and supplies a second bias current to the base or gate of the first output transistor from its emitter or source.
Low dropout voltage regulator for highly linear radio frequency power amplifiers
A radio frequency amplifier circuit has a signal input and a signal output. A primary amplifier is connected to the signal input and the signal output. A low dropout voltage regulator is connectible to an external power supply and to the primary amplifier, and generates a set voltage to bias the primary amplifier from a variable voltage provided by the external power supply. An equivalent capacitance circuit is connected to the primary amplifier and to the low dropout voltage regulator. The equivalent capacitance circuit defines a low dropout voltage regulator output capacitance in a nano-Farad to micro-Farad range absent any passive capacitor components corresponding thereto to maintain linearity of the primary amplifier.
Monolithic bracket for flat roof mounted photovoltaic modules
An integral, monolithic mounting bracket supports a corner of a photovoltaic module. The bracket includes a ballast tray for holding one or more ballast blocks, and includes a plurality of monolithic support legs that are disposed at acute angles from a plane of the ballast tray and that are integral with the ballast tray. The bracket can be manufactured by stamping at least two identical sections of metal from the sheet and then bending-up each section on its remaining uncut fourth side into a near-vertical position, so that each bent-up section forms a monolithic support leg.
On-board solar battery module
An on-board solar battery module includes: an encapsulant layer of power generating elements; a top surface layer joined to the encapsulant layer on the side corresponding to a light receiving surface side of the power generating elements; and a back surface layer joined to the encapsulant layer on the side opposite the side corresponding to the light receiving surface side of the power generating elements. Furthermore, an end portion of the back surface layer is positioned on the inner side of an end portion of the top surface layer in an extension direction of the top surface layer, and the top surface layer has a general portion that covers the power generating elements, and a peripheral edge portion that is formed at an end portion side thereof on the outer side of the general portion, and that has a thicker panel thickness than that of the general portion.
Control device for rotary electrical machine and control method
The control device for a rotary electrical machine which is connected between a DC power source and a rotary electrical machine and which controls driving of the rotary electrical machine by converting DC power from the DC power source into AC power, includes a power conversion circuit which is configured from a plurality of switching elements, a phase current detection unit which detects phase currents in the rotary electrical machine, a phase current ratio derivation unit which derives a ratio in which the phase currents detected by the phase current detection unit are equal to or greater than a reference value, or equal to or lower than the reference value, and an element fault determination unit which determines a fault status of each of the switching elements when the ratio derived by the phase current ratio derivation unit is equal to or greater than a previously established ratio threshold value.
Semiconductor device and semiconductor system equipped with the same
A semiconductor device includes a semiconductor chip, a lead frame and one bonding wire and the other bonding wire which couple together the semiconductor chip and the lead frame. The semiconductor chip includes one pad which is coupled to one bonding wire and to which an output signal which has been generated in the semiconductor chip is supplied, the other pad which is coupled to the other bonding wire and to which a feedback signal is supplied from the lead frame and a fault detection circuit which compares the output signal which is supplied to one pad with the feedback signal which is supplied to the other pad.
AC rotary machine controller
To provide an AC rotary machine controller which can improve setting accuracy of torque command correction value in a region where change of torque command correction value to change of rotational speed and torque becomes large and where nonlinearity is high, and can suppress increase in data amount of correction value setting map. In correction value setting map, one or both of a torque axis unequal interval setting that sets interval of the torque command map axis to unequal interval in each rotational speed; and a rotation axis unequal interval setting that sets interval of the rotational speed map axis to unequal interval were done.
System and method for sensorless control of electric machines using magnetic alignment signatures
A system and method for position sensorless control of an AC electric machine is disclosed. A drive system for driving an AC electric machine provides a primary current excitation to drive the AC electric machine, the primary current excitation comprising a current vector having a magnitude and angle. The drive system injects a carrier signal to the AC electric machine that is superimposed onto the current vector, with the carrier signal generating a carrier response signal responsive to the injected carrier signal. The drive system measures at least one magnetic alignment signature of the AC electric machine from the generated carrier response signal and controls an orientation of the current vector using the measured at least one magnetic alignment signature to operate the AC electric machine.
System and method for an inverter for self-excitation of an induction machine
A voltage difference is determined between the observed voltage and a reference direct current bus voltage. A quadrature-axis (q-axis) voltage command is outputted based on a current difference derived from the voltage difference. A commanded direct-axis (d-axis) voltage is determined based on a measured d-axis current and a determined d-axis reference current derived from a mathematical relationship between d-axis residual voltage, the observed voltage and the commanded q-axis voltage, where residual voltage is proportional to a function of the observed voltage and the commanded q-axis voltage. An inverse Parks transformation module or a data processor provides one or more phase voltage command based on inverse Parks transform of the commanded voltages.
Method and system for synchronizing generators
There are described methods and systems for synchronizing at least two generators for an engine. A first generator is mechanically coupled to the engine. A power source is connected in parallel to the first generator and to a second generator, the second generator mechanically uncoupled from the engine, the power source connected across a same respective phase of a stator in the first generator and the second generator. Power from the power source is applied to the first generator and the second generator to align a respective rotor to the respective phase in each generator and cause the first generator and the second generator to be in-phase. The second generator is then mechanically coupled to the engine.
Method of efficiently operating an engine and a generator for increased load
Method of operating an engine and electricity generator powered by torque from the engine is provided. The engine has a working-line which is a locus of engine operating points as the engine is throttled. The method includes increasing electrical-load on the generator. Repeatedly performing steps of: (i) detecting the engine working-line position; (ii) determining if the detected working-line position is sufficient for the engine to provide additional torque to power the generator while maintaining engine operation within range of acceptable engine operating conditions relative to the detected working-line position; (iii) when determination at step (ii) is that the engine operating condition is insufficient, modifying engine operational parameters to adjust the working-line position for the engine to provide additional torque while maintaining engine operation within the range of acceptable engine operating conditions; and (iv) increasing electrical-output from the generator by an amount so the engine provides additional torque. Repeating steps until the generator electrical-output matches electrical-load.
Motor drive device and phase current detecting method for three-phase brushless motor
The present invention relates to a motor drive device and a phase current detecting method for a three-phase brushless motor, and more particularly to a technique of detecting each phase current through A/D conversion that is carried out once per PWM carrier cycle, by use of a current sensor for detecting a DC bus current of an inverter. The control unit of the present invention calculates a phase current for one phase, an absolute phase current value of which becomes maximum at a detection timing that is set once per PWM control cycle, from an output of the current sensor, and estimates phase currents for the remaining two phases based on a peak value of a phase current detected at each detection timing, a motor angle, and a phase shift of an actual phase current waveform relative to the motor angle.
Multiple supply voltage motor assembly
Various embodiments include determining an alternating current (AC) voltage and frequency of a supply voltage coupled to a circuit input. The circuit includes a soft starter circuit that is coupled between the circuit input and a first side of an AC motor. A stator winding configuration of the AC motor is determined. A control transformer is configured in response to the AC voltage and frequency, wherein the control transformer is coupled to the circuit input. A jumper device is configured on a second side of the AC motor in response to the stator winding configuration of the AC motor.
Drive signal modulation method of modular multilevel converter and fault isolation method
Disclosed are a modulation method of a modular multilevel converter and a fault isolation method of a submodule unit. The modulation method comprises a first mode and a second mode, and the first mode and the second mode operate cyclically. In the first mode, a first power semiconductor switch and a second power semiconductor switch are turned on alternately, while a third power semiconductor switch is turned off normally and a fourth power semiconductor switch is turned on normally. In the second mode, the third power semiconductor switch and the fourth power semiconductor switch are turned on alternately, while the first power semiconductor switch is turned on normally and the second power semiconductor switch is turned off normally. The method enables junction temperatures of the power semiconductor switches used to be equalized, increases an operation safety margin of the converter, effectively increase the capacity of the converter without increasing engineering costs, and achieve better performance in both economic efficiency and technicality.
Power conversion device
A power conversion device includes a first switch and a second switch connected in series between a positive electrode and a negative electrode of a first power supply. A first node is between the first and second switches. The first node can be connected to a load. A first diode has an anode connected to the first node and a cathode connected to the positive electrode of the first power supply. A third switch is connected between a positive electrode of a second power supply and the positive electrode of the first power supply. A first timer is connected to a gate electrode of the third switch. A first comparator has a first input that is connected to a gate electrode of the first switch, a second input at which a reference voltage can be received, and an output that is connected to the first timer.
System and method for controlling a back-to-back three-level converter with voltage ripple compensation
A method for controlling a back-to-back three-phase three-level converter having a grid-side AC/DC converter and a machine-side DC/AC converter connected by a split DC link which defines a DC link midpoint. The method includes controlling the grid-side converter to convert AC power from a grid into DC power of the DC link, controlling the machine-side converter to convert DC power from the DC link to AC power to feed a low frequency machine, and concurrently performing common mode voltage injection for the machine-side converter so as to at least partially compensate midpoint voltage ripple caused by the machine-side converter. The method further includes performing common mode voltage injection for the grid-side converter so as to at least partly further compensate the portion of the midpoint voltage ripple which remains uncompensated by controlling the machine-side converter. A control system implementing the control method and a power conversion system utilizing same.
Drive train comprising a doubly fed electric machine and a band stop filter connected between an inverter and the rotor of the machine
A drive train comprising an electric machine including a rotor and a stator, the stator being electrically connected to an alternating grid and having a stator frequency, and a bidirectional system for converting an alternating current into another alternating current. The conversion system is connected between the grid and the rotor, and comprises an ac/dc converter connected to the network, and an inverter connected between the ac/dc converter and the rotor, the inverter and the rotor being interconnected at an intermediate point for each phase of the alternating voltage. The drive train comprises a band-stop filter for a target interval of between 0.6 times the stator frequency and 1.4 times the stator frequency, said band-stop filter being connected between the intermediate points and attenuating the voltage at the intermediate point for the frequencies of the target interval.
Power converter with wide DC voltage range
According to one aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided an apparatus that includes a first power converter stage connected to a first side of a first transformer, and a second power converter stage connected to a first side of a second transformer. The apparatus further includes an interleaved multi-bridge circuit connected to the second side of the first transformer and to the second side of the second transformer. The apparatus further includes a controller that is configured to operate the interleaved multi-bridge circuit in a parallel mode in which the second sides of the first and second transformers are in parallel at a DC terminal of the interleaved multi-bridge circuit and in a series mode in which the second sides of the first and second transformers are in series at the DC terminal.
Control apparatus determining transformer magnetization in a DC/DC converter based on difference between primary and secondary currents
A control unit capable of accurately calculating a magnetization bias of a transformer is provided, thereby appropriately reducing the magnetization bias. The control unit acquires first and second currents that flow through a transformer during a period where either first or second switches individually turn ON. The control unit predicts an amount of magnetization bias in either positive side or negative side of the excitation current that flows through the transformer. The control unit reduces the magnetization bias of the transformer based on the predicted amount of magnetization bias.
Driver for a power field-effect transistor with a programmable drive voltage, and related systems and methods
A driver includes a high-side driver transistor coupled between supply voltage and the gate drive nodes and provides a first charge current to a high side gate node of the high-side driver transistor until the gate drive node reaches a first gate drive threshold. Then a second charge current is provided to the high side gate node that is less than the first charge current. The gate drive node is limited to a first clamped threshold for a delay time. A gate drive current rise signal sets the value of the second charge current that charges the high side gate node and after the delay time the gate drive voltage is limited to a second clamped threshold greater than the first clamped threshold but less than the supply voltage. A gate drive programmable control signal sets the value of the second clamped threshold.
A pulse generator is disclosed that includes at least the following stages a driver stage, a transformer stage, a rectifier stage, and an output stage. The driver stage may include at least one solid state switch such as, for example, of one or more IGBTs and/or one or more MOSFETs. The driver stage may also have a stray inductance less than 1,000 nH. The transformer stage may be coupled with the driver stage and/or with a balance stage and may include one or more transformers. The rectifier stage may be coupled with the transformer stage and may have a stray inductance less than 1,000 nH. The output stage may be coupled with the rectifier stage. The output stage may output a signal pulse with a voltage greater than 2 kilovolts and a frequency greater than 5 kHz. In some embodiments, the output stage may be galvanically isolated from a reference potential.
Systems and methods for dynamic threshold adjustment with primary-side sensing and regulation for flyback power converters
System and method for adjusting a threshold of a power conversion system. The system includes a threshold generator configured to receive a first signal and generate a threshold signal based on at least information associated with the first signal, a comparator configured to receive the threshold signal and a second signal and generate a comparison signal, and a gate driver configured to generate a drive signal based on at least information associated with the comparison signal. The gate driver is coupled to at least a switch configured to receive the drive signal and affect a current flowing through a primary winding coupled to a secondary winding. If the second signal is larger than the threshold signal in magnitude, the drive signal causes the switch to open. The drive signal is associated with a switching frequency.
Individual phase temperature monitoring and balance control for smart power stage-based voltage regulator
Systems and methods for individual phase temperature monitoring and balance control in a multi-phase voltage regulator may include a plurality of smart power stages including a first smart power stage and a second smart power stage and a voltage regulator controller. The voltage regulator controller may send a first control signal to the first smart power stage to enable the first smart power stage to send a first temperature of the first smart power stage to the voltage regulator controller during a first phase of a switching cycle. The voltage regulator controller may also determine that the first temperature received by the voltage regulator controller corresponds to the first smart power stage based on the first control signal. The voltage regulator controller may further send a second control signal to the second smart power stage to enable the second smart power stage to send a second temperature to the voltage regulator controller during a second phase.
Control circuit of switching power-supply device and switching power-supply device
A control circuit of a switching power-supply device that converts a first DC voltage supplied from an input power source into a second DC voltage by turning on/off a switching element connected between the input power source and an inductor and outputs the second DC voltage, the control circuit includes a drive circuit that, when a control signal to turn on the switching element is received, drives the switching element by supplying a plurality of drive voltages starting in order from a lowest drive voltage among the plurality of drive voltages, to a control terminal of the switching element.
Methods and apparatus to reduce electromagnetic interference in a power converter using phase hopping in conjunction with pulse width modulation
Methods and apparatus for reducing electromagnetic interference in a power converter using phase hopping in conjunction with pulse width modulation are disclosed. An example power converter includes an input voltage to, when a control switching device receives a first voltage, increase an output voltage; and when the control switching device receives a second voltage, decrease the output voltage. The example power converter further includes a phase hopping generator to generate a phase varying signal corresponding to two or more phases, the phase varying signal corresponding to a reference voltage; and output the phase varying signal to control the control switching device.
Power conversion apparatus and power conversion method for heat treatment
A power conversion apparatus and a power conversion method are provided for heat treatment. The power conversion apparatus includes a rectifier configured to convert AC power to DC power, a smoothing filter configured to control the DC power received from the rectifier to be constant, an inverter configured to convert the DC power received from the smoothing filer into high-frequency power by turning the DC power on and off using a switching device made of an SiC semiconductor, and a control unit configured to control the rectifier and the inverter. A rating of output power output from the inverter is determined in accordance with a frequency of the high-frequency power output from the inverter, a current-applying time, and an operation rate obtained by dividing the current-applying time by a sum of the current-applying time and a non-current-applying time.
Methods for extending holdup times and/or reducing bulk capacitors in multi-stage switching power supplies
A multi-stage switching power supply includes a first DC-DC power converter, a second DC-DC power converter and a control circuit. The control circuit is coupled to the DC-DC power converters for providing a first control signal to the first DC-DC power converter and a second control signal to the second DC-DC power converter. The control circuit is configured to vary a duty cycle of the first control signal to regulate an output voltage of the power supply, maintain a frequency of the second control signal at a fixed frequency, and in response to the duty cycle of the first control signal reaching a duty cycle threshold or an input voltage of the first DC-DC power converter reaching a voltage threshold, vary a frequency of the second control signal to regulate the output voltage of the power supply. Other example power supplies, control circuits, etc. are also disclosed.
Cooling assembly for electrical machines and methods of assembling the same
A cryocooler assembly for cooling a field winding of an electrical machine having an axis of rotation is provided. The assembly includes a cryocooler and a reservoir coupled in flow communication to the cryocooler and configured to contain a cooling agent. A flow assembly is coupled in flow communication to the reservoir. The flow assembly includes a first flow loop coupled in flow communication to the reservoir; a second flow loop coupled in flow communication to the reservoir; and a plurality of flow members coupled in flow communication to the first flow loop and the second flow loop and coupled to the field winding. Each flow member is configured to thermosiphon the cooling agent in a first state from the reservoir and in a second state to the reservoir.
Magnetic spiral bevel gear
A magnetic spiral bevel gear including a frustoconical housing with a rotational axis and magnets arranged around an outer surface of the frustoconical housing. The magnets are arranged in spirals on the outer surface, with each spiral alternating polarity. Each may be formed by a single continuous magnet of by discrete magnets. Gear assemblies as disclosed including a two-gear assembly, a four-gear assembly, and a six-gear assembly. Gear assemblies are arranged such that the gear surfaces are parallel without touching, and rotation of one gear causes rotation of the remaining gears.
Magnet-type power generator and method of manufacturing the same
A magnet-type power generator includes a rotor having a bowl-shaped flywheel and plural magnets disposed on an inner circumferential surface of the flywheel so as to be spaced at a predetermined interval, and a stator having plural cores facing the magnets and each having a coil wound therearound. The magnets include a bonded magnet integrally molded with the flywheel.
Motor having internal coolant supply passage
A motor includes: a rotor; an enclosure member having a front housing, a rear housing, and a stator surrounding the rotor; an output shaft-side coolant supply port on an outer circumference of the enclosure member; output shaft-side coolant supply paths configured to supply coolant from the output shaft-side coolant supply port to an output shaft side; a counter-output shaft-side coolant supply port on the outer circumference of the enclosure member; counter-output shaft-side coolant supply paths configured to supply coolant from the counter-output shaft-side supply port to a counter-output shaft side; a temperature measurement unit configured to measure a temperature of the enclosure member; switching parts configured to switch between a plurality of coolants based on the temperature of the enclosure member; and coolant flow paths that connect the output shaft-side coolant supply port and the counter-output shaft-side coolant supply port to the switching parts.
Electric machine, barrier and associated kit
According to an embodiment of the invention, an electric machine is provided. The machine includes a support structure, a stator secured to the support structure, and a rotor rotatably secured to the support structure. The machine also includes a circuit board positioned at least partially within the support structure. The circuit board is adapted for controlling an electromagnetic field produced by the stator. The machine also includes a potting material in contact with a first surface of the circuit board and a harrier for at least partially containing the potting material.
Electric motor vehicle coolant pump
An electric motor vehicle coolant pump includes a pump rotor which pumps a coolant and a drive motor which drives the pump rotor. The drive motor includes a dry motor stator comprising motor coils, a wet motor rotor, and a gap tube configured to separate the dry motor stator and the wet motor rotor from each other in a fluid-tight manner. The gap tube is formed by an integral sheet metal body which, in a gap region between the wet motor rotor and the dry motor stator consists of an austenitic high-grade steel comprising a material thickness of <0.5 mm, a hardness of from 200 to 500, a specific electrical resistance >0.10Ω×mm2/m, and a relative magnetic permeability<20. The integral sheet metal body forms a sheet metal shell sliding bearing shell of a sliding bearing to radially mount the wet motor rotor.
Rotor shaft with a laminated core
A method for mounting laminated sheets onto a shaft of a rotor provided for an electrical machine may involve sliding the laminated sheets onto the shaft and bracing the laminated sheets between two rotation-resistant thrust washers connected with the shaft. The laminated sheets may be slid onto the shaft to lie against a stop in the form of a first thrust washer arranged upon a first subsection of the shaft. A second thrust washer may be pressed in by axially bracing the laminated sheets onto a second axial subsection of the shaft in a frictional interlocking manner. The second thrust washer may be positioned after a surface of the second subsection has been enlarged by the introduction of an exterior surface profile.
Electric machine and method of operation thereof
In one aspect of the invention for which protection is sought there is provided an electric machine comprising a substantially circular rotor and a stator, wherein the stator comprises at least one substantially arcuate segment. Aspects of the invention also relate to a stator segment comprising at least one inter-pole shield disposed between adjacent teeth. Further aspects of the invention also relate to a stator segment having a first shield disposed at a first circumferential end thereof and/or a second shield disposed at a second circumferential end thereof. Aspects of the invention also relate to a stator segment having a radially outwardly directed protuberance.
Wireless power receiving device, receiver circuit thereof, and control method of wireless power receiving device
The wireless power receiving device includes a receiving antenna, a rectifier circuit connected to the receiving antenna, that generates a rectified voltage, a charging circuit to receive the rectified voltage and charge a power storage device, and a modulator that modulates a voltage or current of the receiving antenna by changing a charging current of the charging circuit based on data to be transmitted to a wireless power transmitting device.
Living-object protection system antenna structure
Techniques for providing radio-frequency signals to a region of interest for a living-objection protection (LOP) system are provided. An example base wireless power transfer system includes a power-coupling element and a power transfer circuitry configured to provide energy to the power-coupling element to produce a magnetic field, and a living-object protection subsystem including an antenna configured to transmit a first radio-frequency (RF) signal with a main beam directed away from the power transfer circuitry and to receive a second RF signal, the antenna including a radiating element and a reflector with the reflector being disposed between the radiating element and the power transfer circuitry and comprising a metal sheet disposed over an area, the metal sheet defining at least one opening within the area and between the radiating element and the power transfer circuitry.
Method for controlling power in a wireless power transmission apparatus and a wireless power transmission apparatus
A power control method for a wireless power transmission assembly, and the wireless power transmission assembly. The method includes: outputting a direct current voltage to a wireless power transmission apparatus, the direct current voltage generated from an alternating current power source in an adaptor; and changing the level of the direct current voltage in the adaptor based on a voltage change communication signal if the wireless power transmission apparatus transmits the voltage change communication signal to the adaptor.
Wireless powering of electronic devices with selective delivery range
The present disclosure describes a methodology for wireless power transmission based on pocket-forming. This methodology may include one transmitter and at least one or more receivers, being the transmitter the sender of energy and the receiver the device that is desired to charge or power. In the present disclosures, transmitters may power devices within a predefined range out of which devices may not be operable. This configuration may be beneficial in retail store settings where improved interactivity between users and devices is required. In addition, the configuration provides a safety feature to avoid unauthorized usage of electronic devices. A variation of this configuration is given in an academic setting where electronic devices utilized for learning are required to stay within school premises. Finally, an example of how such devices may improve their own form factors by using the disclosed wireless power transmission may be provided.
Methods and apparatus for antenna signal limiter for radio frequency identification transponder
In described examples, an apparatus includes: at least one resonant circuit for receiving a radio frequency signal; a rectifier coupled to the resonant circuit to output a first rectified signal with a constant level portion and a portion matching a first portion of the radio frequency signal, and to output a second rectified signal having a constant level portion and a portion that matches a second portion of the radio frequency signal; a first limiter circuit to limit a voltage of the first rectified signal to a predetermined maximum voltage level; a second limiter circuit to limit the voltage of the second rectified signal to the predetermined maximum voltage level; a third limiter circuit to limit a voltage of the first rectified signal to a predetermined minimum voltage level; and a fourth limiter circuit to limit the voltage of the second rectified signal to the predetermined minimum voltage level.
Wireless power transfer using a field altering circuit
A wireless power transmitter includes a power transmit coil configured to generate a magnetic field for wirelessly coupling charging power to one or more receiver devices, the magnetic field having a magnetic field distribution over an area defining a charging region, a circuit configured to alter the magnetic field generated by the power transmit coil to alter the magnetic field distribution, and a controller operably coupled to the circuit, the controller configured to control the circuit to alter the magnetic field distribution responsive to a detected characteristic of the one or more receiver devices.
Antenna for wireless power, and dual mode antenna comprising same
Provided is a wireless power antenna for wirelessly transmitting, receiving, or relaying power, the wireless power antenna comprising an insulating sheet and a wireless power coil including a split pattern unit including a plurality of patterns spaced from each other in at least a region thereof in a widthwise direction, wherein the split pattern unit is disposed on both a top surface and a bottom surface of the insulating sheet.
Inductively coupled charger
A device includes a charge controller to regulate a battery output voltage based on an input voltage and an input current received from a charging circuit. A loop controller monitors the input voltage and the input current to generate a feedback signal to adjust the input voltage to the charge controller.
Power self-identifying energy harvesters
Systems and methods may provide for an energy harvester to power a mobile device. The energy harvester may include an energy harvesting portion to generate electrical power. At least one sensor may measure an environmental condition relating to generation of electrical power by the energy harvesting portion. A controller may generate a signal based on the measured environmental condition by the at least one sensor to the mobile device. Alternatively the signals from the at least one sensor are place in a memory on the energy harvester. In one example, the controller determines the power generated by the energy harvester and the controller signal includes this power information.
Automatic transfer switch maintenance bypass cabinet
According to an embodiment, an automatic transfer switch bypass breaker system can include a switch gear configured with an automatic transfer switch electrically coupled to a first power sources and to a common load bus. The automatic transfer switch bypass breaker system can further include an automatic transfer switch bypass breaker electrically coupled to the first power source and to the common load bus and a utility bypass breaker electrically coupled to the first power source and to the common load bus. The utility bypass breaker can be configured for supplying power from the first power source directly to the common load bus.
Wireless battery recharger and application
A system for recharging a battery having; memory that stores computer-executable instructions; a processor, communicatively coupled to the memory that facilitates execution of the computer-executable instructions; the instructions having: a battery; a thermal insulating layer; the thermal insulating layer; adapted and configured as the exterior of the battery; the battery adapted and configured with the thermal insulation layer for harnessing heat created by a plurality of solar panels; the plurality of solar panels configured on the exterior of the battery; an application interface unit; the application interface unit adapted and configured to control the plurality of solar panels; wherein the processor transforms heat energy collected by the plurality of solar panels and stored in the thermal insulation layer into energy to power a communication device.
Headset wireless charging dock
A method and system for a headset wireless charging dock, where the charging dock comprises a radio, a coil, and a proximity sensor. The method may comprise sensing a presence of a headset using the proximity sensor, wirelessly charging a battery in the headset utilizing the coil, and wirelessly communicating commands, using the radio, to the headset to power down at least a portion of circuitry in the headset. The command may be communicated to the headset utilizing a protocol and a RF radio used by the headset to receive audio signals. The command communicated to the headset may power down audio processing circuitry in the headset. The charging induction coil may be inductively coupled to a coil in the headset to wirelessly charge the battery in the headset. The proximity sensor may comprise a Hall sensor.
Electronic device for charging and charging method thereof
An electronic device includes a voltage converter configured to provide an output having an output voltage value and an output current value. The electronic device also includes a handshake control unit a handshake control unit, coupled to the voltage converter, configured to perform a handshake process for a charging voltage value and receive a matching result of the handshake process. The electronic device further includes a matching management unit, coupled to the handshake control unit, configured to send a first request for resuming matching to the handshake control unit in response to the matching result as being failed.
Electronic device and method of controlling electronic device
An electronic device includes a charging unit that charges a battery using power from an external power source, an authentication unit that performs authentication to determine whether the battery is a predetermined battery, a detection unit that detects a voltage of the battery, and a control unit that causes the charging unit to charge the battery with a current not more than a first current value until the voltage of the battery reaches a first predetermined value and causes the authentication unit to operate on power from the battery when the voltage of the battery reaches the first predetermined value. When the voltage of the battery has reached the first predetermined value, the control unit causes the authentication unit to authenticate the battery.
Method of controlling secondary battery
A positive electrode potential and a negative electrode potential during charge or discharge of a secondary battery are determined, based on potentials of a positive electrode and a negative electrode in an open circuit state corresponding to a SOC of the secondary battery, and internal resistances of the positive electrode and the negative electrode corresponding to the SOC of the secondary battery, and a current of the secondary battery is controlled such that the positive electrode potential and the negative electrode potential fall within a predetermined range.
Battery hot swap capable apparatus
It is inter alia disclosed an apparatus (10), comprising a power connector (210) configured to be connected to a removable first rechargeable energy source and configured to supply power from the first rechargeable energy source to the apparatus via a power supply line (220), a second rechargeable energy source (240), a balancing element (230) placed between the power supply line (220) and the second rechargeable energy source (240) and configured to provide power from the power supply line (220) to the second rechargeable energy in a first state of the apparatus and configured to provide power from the second rechargeable energy source (240) to the power supply line (220) in a second state of the apparatus, wherein in the first state the apparatus is configured to prevent supplying power from the second rechargeable power supply (240) to the power supply line (220).
Universal totable battery backup
A totable ensemble is attachable to a plurality of totable objects for re-charging peripheral power sources such as mobile communications devices thereby. The totable power source ensemble includes a primary power bank and a mechanism for attaching the primary power bank to a wide variety of totable objects such as backpacks, purses, and hand luggage. The primary power bank basically includes a battery and a mechanism for accessing power stored by the battery. The mechanism for attaching the primary power bank to a totable object may include an assembly-receiving pocket or other structure that provides matable attachments for attaching the assembly-receiving pocket or other structure to an attachment structure associated with each totable object. The battery is thus made accessible upon the totable object and the attachment mechanism enables the user to attach and re-attach the ensemble to any number of totable objects for ease of device recharge-ability.
Electrical connection assembly for base unit of battery-powered handheld ID code reader
This invention provides a base unit for charging a handheld ID reader in which the charging contacts are mounted on a contact holder that is biased rearwardly during insertion of the reader, and thereafter snaps back in place and locks the reader after the reader has been pushed into a fully seated position in a well of the base unit. This lock is maintained between shoulders on the holder and corresponding locking tabs on the bottom face of the reader. The locking tabs are conductive, and provide two additional electrical contacts that engage contact pads on the reader bottom face. Each of the power and ground signals are connected over at least two electrical contacts between reader and base station, increasing reliability, especially when the reader is not in its fully seated position. An indicator LED is integrated in the base station enclosure near the charging contacts.
Radio frequency filter for wireless power system
Described is a wireless power system. The wireless power system can include a wireless charging coil, a driving circuit connected to the wireless charging coil, and a filter element coupled to the wireless charging coil. The driving circuit can be configured to drive the wireless charging coil at a power transmission frequency. The filter element can be configured to filter one or more interference signal components from the wireless power system.
Device for switching a semiconductor-based switch and sensor for detecting a current change velocity at a semiconductor-based switch
A device for switching a semiconductor-based switch includes a terminal that is configured to be connected to a control terminal of the semiconductor-based switch. A controllable activation voltage source is configured to provide a time-varying activation voltage potential. A controllable resistive circuit includes at least two ohmic resistances connected in parallel that are controllable such that at least three resistance values of the parallel connection result. A control device is configured to control the controllable activation voltage source and the controllable resistive circuit independently of one another. The controllable activation voltage source and the controllable resistive circuit are connected to a series connection connected to the terminal. The control device is configured to control the controllable activation voltage source and the controllable resistive circuit in a time-varying manner to obtain time-varying resistance values of the controllable resistive circuit and the time-varying activation voltage potential of the controllable activation voltage source.
Combined power plant
A combined power plant is disclosed for feeding energy into a non-local power network. The combined power plant includes at least one turbine power plant and at least one energy storage installation with one or more energy storage modules, whereby the turbine power plant is connected to the non-local power network in order to feed in power. A monitoring unit monitors the rotational speed of a turbine on the basis of a rotational speed-specific characteristic quantity, at least while the energy is being fed into the non-local power network. The energy storage installation is connected to the non-local power network separately or via the turbine power plant, whereby the monitoring unit is connected to a control unit of the appertaining energy storage installation in order to transmit a characteristic quantity signal based on the rotational speed-specific characteristic quantity to the control unit via a data connection.
Multi-source power supply
A multi-source power supply for supplying power that includes a first rectifier configured to convert a first AC power signal from a first source to a first DC power signal, a second rectifier configured to convert a second AC power signal from a second source to a second DC power signal and a common bus operatively connected to the first rectifier and the second rectifier and configured to combine a the DC power signals into a combined DC power signal, where the common bus distributes the combined DC power signal to at least one server.
Current flow controller
A current flow controller is provided, comprising first and second terminals operatively connectable to first and second DC power transmission media; a third terminal operatively connectable to an electrical element, the third terminal being electrically connected to each of the first and second terminals. A main switching element is operatively connected between the first and third terminals, the main switching element being switchable to turn on to permit flow of current between the third terminal and the first terminal and to turn off to inhibit flow of current between the third terminal and the first terminal. A current flow control module extends between the first and second terminals, the current flow control module including at least one auxiliary switching element and at least one energy storage device, the or each auxiliary switching element and the or each energy storage device combining to selectively provide a voltage source.
Device and method for protecting against leakage currents
Device for protecting against leakage currents, the device being intended to be wired up between a first electrical connection (2) and a second electrical connection (3).The device comprises a switch (5) configured so as to at least partially divert the current flowing in the first electrical connection and controlled by the voltage of the first electrical connection.
Electrostatic discharge power clamp with fail-safe design
An electrostatic discharge protection circuit includes a power clamp device, a timing circuit including a first resistor, a first capacitor that is connected with the first resistor at a first node, and a second capacitor that is connected to a second node, a logic gate including a first input connected with the first node, a second input connected with the second node, and an output connected with the power clamp device, and a decoder device connected with a first address pin and a second address pin. The first address pin and the second address pin are used to detect the power clamp device switching on at time of power on and draining current.
Fuse box for mitigating arc faults and current surges
A fuse box that is designed to prevent damage caused by arc faults and electrical overcurrent. The apparatus is configured to function as a circuit breaker. The apparatus includes a housing, a circuit breaker, an optical sensor, and an electronic controller. The housing is an enclosure that isolates the circuit breaker from light and protects the components from physical damage. The circuit breaker opens the circuit between connected electrical systems when arc fault or an electrical overcurrent is detected. The optical sensor detects arc faults and relays notifications to the electronic controller. The electronic controller enables a user to set the thresholds for arc faults, currents, and voltages that cause the circuit breaker to open.
Suspension arrangement for electrical operating components
A hanging arrangement for items of electrical operating equipment includes an upper fastener for suspending the hanging arrangement, a plurality of items of operating equipment being arranged so as to hang in a parallel manner from the upper fastener, and a lower fastener which is arranged so as to hang from the items of operating equipment. The items of operating equipment are connected to the fasteners in each case by flexible contact device.
Optical dual-comb source apparatuses including optical microresonator
Provided is an optical source apparatus that may generate two different optical frequency combs. The optical source apparatus includes an optical resonator and a continuous wave laser emitting laser light having a spectrum component corresponding to a resonance frequency of the optical resonator, and the optical resonator is configured to generate a first frequency comb and a second frequency comb having different modes by interacting with the laser light emitted by the continuous wave laser.
Laser apparatus, EUV light generation system, and method of controlling laser apparatus
A laser apparatus may include: an optical amplifier configured to amplify a laser beam outputted from a master oscillator; an optical-amplifier power supply configured to supply an alternating current for optical amplification to the optical amplifier; and a laser controller. The optical-amplifier power supply may include: an alternating current generation circuit including an inverter circuit configured to change output amplitude in accordance with a duty cycle, the alternating current generation circuit being configured to generate the alternating current from an output of the inverter circuit; and a power supply control circuit configured to hold control information defining correspondence relations between command values from the laser controller and duty cycles of the inverter circuit, determine a duty cycle corresponding to a command value received from the laser controller based on the control information, and provide the determined duty cycle to the inverter circuit.
Multi-beam laser system
A multi-beam laser cavity unit (10) comprises a laser crystal (13) and lens array (14) disposed in the laser cavity (LC). The lens array comprises an integral piece formed by a plurality of interconnected lenses. Each lens (14a) is configured to form a respective closed optical path (OPa) along the length (Z) of the laser cavity (LC) between the cavity mirrors (11,12) through the laser crystal (13) corresponding to a cavity mode for generating one (LBa) of the plurality of parallel laser beams (LB). The cavity unit (10) can be comprised in a laser system receiving pump light (PL) from a plurality of light sources. For example, the system can be used in a maskless patterning device.
Power distribution window unit
A power distribution window unit is a device that can be mounted in a window that has multiple power outlets of various types on a face located inside of a building window and a power cord located on the back of the unit, which is outside of the window, and connects to a generator. The window is able to close onto the device so that there are no openings between the inside and the outside.
An electrical plug comprises at least one temperature sensor for monitoring temperature of the electrical plug. The electrical plug further comprises a data cable that is wrapped by a shield for screening electrical noise so as to accurately capture and convey temperature data. The electrical plug further comprises a housing for receiving the at least one temperature sensor, wherein the housing is capable of being embedded in the electrical plug.
Compensation structure for characteristics of network plug
A compensation structure for electrical characteristics of a network plug includes a base and an upper cover. The base and the upper cover form a plug main body. A cable is inserted into the plug main body. A circuit board is connected to the cable through a piercing terminal seat and a press plate. a plurality of compensation sheets disposed in rows on a front bottom of the circuit board, wherein at least one set of the compensation sheets have the same shape, the compensation sheets are plate-shaped and the shapes of the compensation sheets are determined by capacitances between the compensation sheets to compensate electrical characteristics of the network plug.
Electrical connector having a short-circuiting terminal
A connector includes a first housing housing a plurality of first terminals, a second housing being fittable to the first housing and housing a plurality of second terminals connectable to the respective first terminals, a short-circuiting terminal housed in the first housing and having contact pieces contacting the respective first terminals which are adjacent to each other, and a release portion provided on the second housing and displacing the contact pieces to release contact between the first terminals and the contact pieces. The second housing is deflectably provided with a lock arm on an outer peripheral surface of the second housing, the lock arm holding a state in which the first housing and the second housing are fit together. The release portion is arranged on the outer peripheral surface of the second housing forward of the lock arm in a fitting direction of the first housing and the second housing.
Multi-piece housing for submersible pump electrical connector
An electrical connector for a submersible well pump motor has a lower housing with upward protruding bosses. The bosses have parallel axes and a passage. An electrical line extends through each of the passages, each of the electrical lines having a lead sheath. A lead tape wrap is wrapped around an external side wall each of the bosses and a portion of the lead sheath of one of the electrical lines. An upper housing has first and second members that fit on opposite sides of the electrical lines and lower ends that connect to the lower housing. The first and second members have recesses that mate to define cavities, each of the cavities receiving one of the lead tape wraps. A fastener clamps the first and second members of the upper housing together.
Packing and shield connector
A shield connector has a packing. The packing has a plurality of tubular packing bodies that respectively mates with a plurality of tubular portions that respectively accommodating one or more electric wires connected to terminals in a connector housing, and have inner circumferential surfaces making contact with the tubular portions, and a connecting portion that connects the neighboring packing bodies. Each packing body has a first seal surface connected to an outer circumferential surface of the connecting portion in a connector insertion direction side out of an outer circumferential surface, and a second seal surface formed to extend in a circumferential direction and provided in a connector removal direction side. The first seal surface makes contact with the casing. Each second seal surface makes contact with each of a plurality of shield shells.
A connector includes a housing (10) having cavities (13) and deflectable and deformable locking lances (15) project into the cavities (13), and a front retainer (60) to be mounted into the housing (10) from the front. A terminal fitting (50) is inserted into the cavity (13) of the housing (10), and the locking lance (15) resiliently locks a lance receiving portion (54) so that rearward detachment of the terminal fitting (50) is restricted. The front retainer (60) includes a deflection restricting portion (77) configured to restrict the deflection of the locking lances (15), and a retaining portion (69) configured to lock retainer receiving portions (55) and retain the terminal fittings (50) by laterally approaching the terminal fittings (50) by a tilting displacement about a hinge (68) from an opening state to a closing state.
Threaded circuit board
A circuit board disclosed herein includes a threaded receptor, one or more alignment holes, and one or more pads. The threaded receptor is configured to receive a component with a threaded screw. Each of the one or more alignment holes are configured to receive an alignment pin located on the component. Each of the one or more pads are configured to electrically connect to a pogo pin on the component.
Electrical connector for a removable tailgate
Systems and apparatus are disclosed for an electrical connector for a removable tailgate. An example connector for a vehicle tailgate includes a body, a hyperboloid socket and dielectric oil. The example body defines a chamber and a split line extending from the chamber. The split line facilitates penetration of a hyperboloid pin into the chamber. The example hyperboloid socket is disposed in the chamber and aligned with the split line. The example dielectric oil partially fills the chamber to coat the hyperboloid pin to provide corrosion resistance for the hyperboloid pin.
Card edge connector assembly
A card edge connector assembly includes a card edge connector having a housing defining a card slot configured to receive a paddle card of a pluggable module and having a mounting lug having a datum surface. The card edge connector assembly includes support hardware coupled to the housing having a base including a locating cavity having a locating surface that receives the mounting lug such that the locating surface engages the datum surface of the mounting lug to locate the support hardware relative to the housing at a support location. The support hardware has a support beam extending from the base having a support surface for supporting the pluggable module independent of the card edge connector such that the paddle card is oriented in the card slot relative to the contacts for electrical connection therewith.
Cable connector with plate-like mounting portion
A connector has a mounting portion of a plate-like shape and a cable fitting portion protruding from the mounting portion in a first direction. The mounting portion has a fixing portion disposed on a first flat surface faced to the first direction and adapted to be fixed to a board, and a flat portion disposed on a second flat surface faced to a second direction opposite to the first direction. The cable fitting portion has a receiving portion adapted to receive a cable, an opening portion formed at one end of the receiving portion and allowing the cable to be inserted therethrough, and a cable contact portion to be electrically connected to the cable.
Wire with a crimped terminal
A wire with terminal includes a wire in which a core is covered with a coating, and a terminal 20 including a wire barrel 24 to be crimped to the core exposed from the coating of the wire and an insulation barrel 26 to be crimped to the coating of the wire. The wire is pulled rearwardly from the terminal. Recesses 26B are provided on a surface of the insulation barrel 26 to be crimped and openings of the recesses 26B are shaped to become narrower toward a rear side. As the wire is pulled more rearwardly, the coating penetrating into the recesses 26B moves rearwardly of the recesses 26B to be compressed and hardened and becomes less likely to come out of the recesses 26B. Thus, impact strength can be enhanced.
Smart antenna system for achieving circularly polarized and electrically downtilted phased array signals
A smart antenna system for achieving circularly polarized and electrically down tilted phased array signal is provided. The baseband transmitter transmits a baseband signal. The first voltage controlled oscillator (a) modulates the baseband signal to a plurality of phase shifted intermediate frequency signals, and the second voltage controlled oscillator (b) modulates the plurality of phase shifted intermediate frequency signals to a plurality of phase shifted radio frequency signals. The plurality of power amplifiers amplify the plurality of phase shifted radio frequency signals. The plurality of antennas radiate the plurality of phase shifted radio frequency signals for generating the phased array signals. The phased array signals achieve (i) tilting of an antenna radiation plane of the plurality of antennas from an initial position to a tilted position and (ii) transmitting the plurality of phase shifted radio frequency signals in a circular polarization.
Series-fed E-shaped patch antenna array with co-polarized parasitic patches
A series-fed E-shaped patch antenna array has co-polarized parasitic patches to improve aperture efficiency. Each of microstrip parasitic patches is inserted between a plurality of microstrip E-shaped patch antennas. The parasitic patches are co-polarized with the E-shaped patch antennas so that the current flows in the parasitic patches and the E-shaped patch antennas have the same polarity. Additional radiation from the co-polarized microstrip parasitic patches significantly improves gain flatness, gain and aperture efficiency due to offset resonance frequency.
Radio communication antenna having narrow beam width
In the present invention, a radio communication antenna having a narrow beam width comprises: a reflecting plate provided in the form of a plate of rectangular shape; and one radiating module disposed on the reflecting plate and generating x-polarized waves. Here: the radiating module comprises four radiating elements of dipole structure; the four radiating elements are respectively disposed at four edge portions of the reflecting plate, and each comprises two radiating arms placed in the direction extending along both sides relative to the edges; and, among the four radiating elements, those radiating elements that face each other diagonally are linked in movement so as to generate one of the x-polarized waves.
Systems and methods for transmission and reception of radio waves in a focal plane antenna array
Systems and methods for transmitting and receiving radio waves includes a parabolic dish, a focal plane antenna array configuration antenna elements arranged in a circular array configuration with array elements positioned along circumference of rings with a distance between each element and coupled a focal disc positioned along a focal plane of the parabolic dish. The array is configured to transmit and receive radio beam patterns with one or more Orbital Angular Momentum states ‘l’ via a transceiver feed assembly. The transceiver includes a transmitter adapted to alter excitation phase of the radio beams of successive elements and generate helical wave fronts in the far-field, and a receiver to enhance the received wave fronts. A total field received by the array configuration is then calculated by a superposition of the fields received by each of the elements.
The present application provides a multi-band antenna, comprising at least one low-band sub-antenna; and at least one high-band sub-antenna comprising at least one high-band dipole and a reflector; wherein the high-band dipole and/or the reflector are/is structured and positioned so that current induced in the high-band sub-antenna by the low-band sub-antenna is directed to reflector over an extended effective distance in proportion to wavelength of the low-band sub-antenna.
Spherical lens array based multi-beam antennae
A radio frequency antenna uses an array of spherical lens and mechanically movable radio frequency (RF) elements along the surface of the spherical lens to provide cellular coverage for a narrow geographical area. The antenna includes at least two spherical lenses, where each spherical lens has an associated element assembly. Each element assembly has a track that curves along the contour of the exterior surface of the spherical lens and along which a radio frequency (RF) element can move. The antenna also includes a phase shifter configured to adjust a phase of the signals produced by the RF elements. The antenna includes a control mechanism configured to enable a user to move the RF elements along their respective tracks, and automatically configure the phase shifter to modify a phase of the output signals from the elements based on the relative positions between the RF elements.
Deformed folded dipole antenna
A deformed folded dipole antenna includes: a feed-side parallel part; a non-feed side parallel part arranged to be parallel to the feed-side parallel part; and a pair of short circuit portions respectively connecting to both ends of the feed-side parallel part and both ends of the non-feed side parallel part. The non-feed side parallel part includes: a pair of opposite sides that are arranged to be opposite from each other; and a connecting side that connects one ends of the pair of opposite sides together. The feed-side parallel part includes a first L-shaped portion and a second L-shaped portion. At least one of the feed-side parallel part and the non-feed side parallel part has one portion arranged with an inward protruding part, which protrudes inwardly.
There is disclosed a multiband antenna device comprising a conductive elongate antenna element configured for electrical connection to a groundplane at a grounding point, and a conductive elongate feeding element configured for electrical connection to a radio transmitter/receiver at a feeding point. At least a major portion of the antenna element is configured to extend in a first direction and to double back on itself in a second, substantially counter-parallel direction forming a slot. The feeding point is adjacent to the grounding point, and the feeding element is configured to extend substantially parallel to the first and second directions of the major portion of the antenna element. The antenna device can operate in multiple frequency bands, and can be configured on a dielectric insulating former that fits compactly in a corner of a mobile communications handset housing.
Systems and methods for ultra-ultra-wide band AESA
In one aspect, the inventive concepts disclosed herein are directed to an antenna array system employing a current sheet array (CSA) wavelength scaled aperture. The CSA wavelength scaled aperture can include a first frequency region associated with a first operating frequency band and a second frequency region associated with a second operating frequency band. The first operating frequency band can include one or more current sheet sub-arrays having a respective plurality of first unit cells scaled to support the first operating frequency band. The second operating frequency band can include one or more current sheet sub-arrays having a respective plurality of second unit cells scaled to support the second operating frequency band. The CSA wavelength scaled aperture can include one or more capacitors each of which coupled to a respective first unit cell of the first frequency region and a respective second unit cell of the second frequency region.
Electronically scanned antenna arrays with reconfigurable performance
An apparatus may include a plurality of antenna elements forming an antenna array. The apparatus may further include a beamformer that determines one or more of phase and amplitude shifts to cause the plurality of antenna elements to produce a beam in the direction of a target. The apparatus may further include a null limiter comprising dither circuits. The dither circuits may dither the one or more of phase and amplitude shifts by adding noise to cause a side lobe of the beam to increase above a threshold value. The dither circuits may be enabled by a control signal, and the dithered one or more of phase and amplitude shifts may be provided to the antenna elements to produce the beam in the direction of the target with the side lobes above the threshold value.
Antenna having radio frequency liquid crystal (RFLC) mixtures with high RF tuning, broad thermal operating ranges, and low viscosity
A device containing a radio-frequency (RF) liquid crystal (RFLC) mixture with improved performance is disclosed. In one embodiment, the improved performance includes high RF tuning, broad thermal operating ranges and low viscosity. In one embodiment, the device comprises an antenna comprising: an antenna element array having a plurality of antenna elements and each antenna element having a liquid crystal (LC) structure, wherein the LC structure comprises a mixture of one or more of the following: laterally functionalized with one or more of at least a proton, a hydrogen (H), or a heteroatom.
Antenna and electronic device including the same
Disclosed is an electronic device including a first antenna element configured selectively to receive signals of a first frequency band and a second frequency band or of the first frequency band and a third frequency band, a second antenna element configured to receive a signal of the third frequency band, a transceiver configured to be electrically connected with the first antenna element and the second antenna element, and a processor configured to be electrically connected with the transceiver. The electronic device performs carrier aggregation using the second frequency band and the third frequency band.
Antenna using conductor and electronic device therefor
The present disclosure provides an antenna device. The antenna device includes a metal housing having accommodating space and a LDS antenna accommodated in the metal hosing, the metal housing includes a metal shell, a metal cover and a metal ring which cooperate and are spaced with each other, inner wall surfaces of the metal shell, the metal cover and the metal ring are respectively provided with an adhesive coated layer, the LDS antenna is laser etched on a surface of the adhesive coated layer and is coupled with the metal cover. The antenna device of the present disclosure avoids frequency offset caused by gap size difference due to assembling errors between coupled antennas, so that the coupled antennas show better performance and consistency.
Electronic device with multi-band antenna for supporting carrier aggregation using non-segmented conductive border member
An electronic device including a multi-band antenna, a cover, a substrate, and a conductive border member is disclosed, where the device includes a first feed terminal connected to a circuit of a substrate embedded in the device, a second feed terminal connected to the circuit and insulated from the first feed terminal, a ground disposed on the substrate, a conductive border member continuously disposed along a periphery of the electronic device, a first antenna connected to the first feed terminal and the conductive border member, and the first antenna forming a multiple resonance for covering a first multi-band having a plurality of bands, a second antenna connected to the second feed terminal and the conductive border member and the second antenna forming a multiple resonance for covering a second multi-band, and a bypass conductor to bypass interference signals generated by the first antenna and the second antenna to the ground.
Antenna and mobile terminal
An antenna, including a first radiation part, a matching circuit, and a feed source, where the first radiation part includes a first radiator, a second radiator, and a capacitor structure, a first end of the first radiator is connected to the feed source using the matching circuit, the feed source is connected to a grounding part, a second end of the first radiator is connected to a first end of the second radiator using the capacitor structure, a second end of the second radiator is connected to the grounding part, the first radiation part is configured to generate a first resonance frequency, and a length of the second radiator is one-eighth of a wavelength corresponding to the first resonance frequency which helps to reduce an antenna length, and a volume of a mobile terminal.
Antenna device and electronic apparatus
The purpose of the present invention is to provide an antenna device that makes it possible to ensure satisfactory communication performance even when the antenna device is mounted in an electronic apparatus with limited mounting space. An antenna device, incorporated in an electronic apparatus, which communicates with an external device via an electromagnetic field signal, comprising: a metal plate provided inside a housing of the electronic apparatus and facing the external device, and an antenna coil provided by winding a conducting wire in a approximately rectangular shape so that parts of the conducting wire that face each other in a width direction via an opening of the antenna coil come close to each other, and inductively coupled to the external device, wherein the antenna coil is provided along a side face of the metal plate.
Radio and power pole
A radio and power pole that includes a pipe defining a longitudinal interior cavity for storing modular electronic equipment (e.g., radios) is described. The radio and power pole can also include mounting channels extending longitudinally proximate to an interior surface of the interior cavity of the pipe, a structural spine extending longitudinally through the interior cavity of the pipe, ribs spaced apart from one another proximate to the interior surface throughout the interior cavity of the pipe, doors for accessing the interior cavity of the pipe, and a vent trap. The radio and power pole can be configured as a direct bury radio and power pole (possibly including one or more vaults). A radio and power pole can include a precast pier connected to the pipe and configured to support the pipe when the pier is inserted into the ground. A radio and power pole can include a bench disposed about the pipe.
Support assembly and satellite antenna module using the same
A support assembly is provided and includes an adapter, a stand, and a dish backing structure. The adapter includes two side plates and an upper plate. The side plates are respectively located at the two sides of the adapter. The upper plate is connected to the side plates and has a lower location hole. The stand is connected to the adapter. The dish backing structure has a receiving portion and includes a top wall and two side walls respectively located at the both sides of the receiving portion. The top wall has an upper location hole. When the receiving portion is connected to the adapter, a portion of the top wall abuts against the upper plate, and a gap is formed between the top wall and the upper plate. In addition, the upper location hole is aligned with the lower location hole.
Communication system, guided wave switch and methods for use therewith
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a guided wave switch that selectively aligns an end of the first dielectric core of a first conductorless guided wave cable with an end of a selected one of a plurality of second dielectric cores of at least one second conductorless guided wave cable to facilitate coupling of the first guided waves from the first dielectric core to a selected one of the plurality of second dielectric cores. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Multiplex filter with dielectric substrate for the transmission of TM modes in the transverse direction
A multiplex filter has at least n filter chambers which are surrounded by a housing and/or at least one insert positioned in the housing. A metal dividing device is constructed in each of the n filter chambers, dividing each filter chamber into m resonator chambers, wherein m≥2. The resonator chambers are coupled perpendicular to the H fields and/or parallel to the central axis or with a component essentially perpendicular to the H fields and/or parallel to the central axis. A common connection is guided into the first filter chamber via a first opening in the housing, and is coupled in the same to the m resonators of the m resonator chambers. As a result of the fact that the coupling is established perpendicular to the H field, the resonator can have a very compact construction.
Holographic mode conversion for transmission lines
The present disclosure provides systems and methods associated with mode conversion for electromagnetic field modification. A mode converting structure (holographic metamaterial) is formed with a distribution of dielectric constants chosen to convert an electromagnetic radiation pattern from a first mode to a second mode to attain a target electromagnetic radiation pattern that is different from the input electromagnetic radiation pattern. A solution to a holographic equation provides a sufficiently accurate approximation of a distribution of dielectric constants that can be used to form a mode converting device for use with one or more transmission lines, such as waveguides. One or more optimization algorithms can be used to improve the efficiency of the mode conversion.
Secondary battery module having through type cool channel
Provided is a secondary battery module having a through type cool channel for preventing contaminated air generated from a pouch type cell from being introduced into a vehicle, and more particularly, a secondary battery module having a through type cool channel capable of preventing contaminated air generated from battery cells from being introduced into a vehicle and easily cooling heat generated from the battery cells, by sealing an electrode assembly, in which a plurality of battery cells are stacked, by a case, forming a separate gas discharge pipe in the case to discharge the gases to a designated place, and coupling both ends of a partition tube having a cool channel formed therein to contact the battery cells and communicate with an outside of the case.
Battery with electrochemical cells having variable impedance
A lithium battery comprising a plurality of electrochemical cells assembled together, the electrochemical cells assembled with electrochemical cells of different characteristics to compensate the heat loss through heat sinks in the battery.
A secondary battery includes: a wound electrode body in a flat form impregnated with an electrolytic solution; an outer case in a flat form including a lid and a main body, the outer case including a curved portion, the curved portion formed into a curved surface into which the bottom surface and a wall surface of the outer case are connected; and an electric insulating film including a gap through which the electrolytic solution passes, the gap formed at a corner at the bottom surface side of the electric insulating film, the corner with the gap in the electric insulating film being clamped between the curved portion of the inner surface of the outer case and a corner at the bottom surface side of the wound electrode body.
Nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery
The invention provides a lithium ion secondary battery which exhibits excellent output characteristics and in which decline in the power characteristics is suppressed for a long period of time even after charge-discharge cycling. The lithium ion secondary battery includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode and a nonaqueous electrolyte solution. The positive electrode has a maximum achievable potential of 4.5 V or more versus metallic lithium. The nonaqueous electrolyte solution includes (A) a nonfluorinated cyclic carbonate, (B) a fluorinated cyclic carbonate, and (C) a fluorinated acyclic carbonate. The nonfluorinated cyclic carbonate (A) accounts for more than 10% by volume of (A), (B) and (C) combined.
Method for synthesis of boron cluster based electrolytes for rechargeable magnesium battery
Methods for forming magnesium batteries include improved processes for synthesizing magnesium electrolytes. The magnesium electrolytes include boron cluster anions, and the improved methods are solid phase or solution phase reactions that yield the desired magnesium boron cluster electrolytes from inexpensive, commercially available starting materials in a single step with relatively high purity.
Electrolytic solution and secondary battery
It is an object of the present invention to provide an electrolytic solution capable of suppressing gas generation. The present exemplary embodiment is an electrolytic solution comprising a supporting salt, a nonaqueous solvent that dissolves the supporting salt, a cyclic sulfonic acid ester compound represented by predetermined formula (1), and an acid anhydride. According to the exemplary embodiment, an electrolytic solution capable of suppressing gas generation can be provided.
Method and system for battery protection
An electrical combination. The combination comprises a hand held power tool, a battery pack and a controller. The battery pack includes a battery pack housing connectable to and supportable by the hand held power tool, a plurality of battery cells supported by the battery pack housing, each of the plurality of battery cells having a lithium-based chemistry, being individually tapped and having an individual state of charge. A communication path is provided by a battery pack sense terminal and a power tool sense terminal. The controller is operable to monitor a state of charge of a number of battery cells less than the plurality of battery cells and to generate a signal based on the monitored state of charge of the number of battery cells less than the plurality of battery cells, the signal being operable to control the operation of the hand held power tool.
High energy density secondary lithium batteries
A lithium ion battery includes a positive electrode comprising carbon fibers, a binder composition with conductive carbon, and a lithium rich composition. The lithium rich composition comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of Li1+x(My MzII MwIII)O2 where x+y+z+w=1, and xLi2MnO3(1−x)LiMO2, where x=0.2-0.7, and where M, MII and MIII are interchangeably manganese, nickel and cobalt, and LiM2−xMxIIO4, where M and MII are manganese and nickel, respectively, with x=0.5. A negative electrode comprises carbon fibers having bound thereto silicon nanoparticles, and a mesophase pitch derived carbon binder between the silicon nanoparticles and the carbon fibers. An electrolyte is interposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode. Methods of making positive and negative electrodes are also disclosed.
Method for producing polymer electrolyte molded article, polymer electrolyte material, polymer electrolyte membrane, and polymer electrolyte fuel cell
The present invention relates to a method for producing a polymer electrolyte molded article, which comprises forming a polymer electrolyte precursor having a protective group and an ionic group, and deprotecting at least a portion of protective groups contained in the resulting molded article to obtain a polymer electrolyte molded article. According to the present invention, it is possible to obtain a polymer electrolyte material and a polymer electrolyte molded article, which are excellent in proton conductivity and are also excellent in fuel barrier properties, mechanical strength, physical durability, resistance to hot water, resistance to hot methanol, processability and chemical stability. A polymer electrolyte fuel cell using a polymer electrolyte membrane, polymer electrolyte parts or a membrane electrode assembly can achieve high output, high energy density and long-term durability.
Method and apparatus for producing membrane electrode assembly
A technique for producing a membrane electrode assembly with high quality is provided. In a method for producing a membrane electrode assembly, a first catalyst layer of a first catalyst layer sheet is bonded to a surface of an electrolyte film on which an electrolyte film base sheet is not formed. A first catalyst layer base sheet is separated from the first catalyst layer. The electrolyte film base sheet has been separated from the electrolyte film. A second catalyst layer of a second catalyst layer sheet is bonded to a surface of the electrolyte film from which the electrolyte film base sheet has been separated. The method for producing a membrane electrode assembly further includes a preliminary step of bonding either the second catalyst layer formed on the second catalyst layer base sheet or the second catalyst layer base sheet to a portion of the electrolyte film that has been fed prior to a position at which bonding of the first catalyst layer starts.
Fuel cell system, and fuel cell module
A fuel cell system according to the present invention includes a cell stack, a combustion part, a reformed water carburetor, a gas mixer, and a reformer. The cell stack is a cell stack that is configured by stacking fuel cells and generates electric power by using hydrogen-containing gas and oxygen-containing gas. The combustion part burns the hydrogen-containing gas and the oxygen-containing gas that have not been consumed in the cell stack. A reformed water carburetor is communicated with the combustion part via an exhaust gas passage and generates steam. The gas mixer, placed on the top of the combustion part. The reformer, placed on the top of the combustion part in contact with the gas mixer, is a reformer, generates the hydrogen-containing gas by reforming the mixed gas, and supplies the hydrogen-containing gas to the cell stack via the hydrogen gas passage.
Fuel cell system
A fuel cell system comprises a fuel cell for generating electricity with the supply of hydrogen gas and air, a hydrogen supply unit for supplying the hydrogen gas to the fuel cell, an air supply unit for supplying the air to the fuel cell, and a produced water atomizing apparatus for atomizing the produced water produced in association with electricity generation in the fuel cell and emitting the atomized water to the atmosphere. The air supply unit includes an air pump for pressure-feeding the air to the fuel cell, and the produced water atomizing apparatus includes an aspirator to atomize the produced water by use of the air emitted from the air pump as operation air. The air emitted from the air pump is cooled by an intercooler. The air utilized in the aspirator as the operation air is supplied to the aspirator on an upstream side of the intercooler.
Fuel cell comprising connection members having different thickness for each of cell units and method for manufacturing same
A fuel cell according to one mode includes a plurality of stacked cell units, each cell unit including at least an electrically conductive interconnector having a front surface and a back surface; a pair of connection members which are electrically connected to the interconnector; a single cell which includes an anode, a cathode, and an electrolyte therebetween and which is electrically connected to the connection members; and a separator having an opening which is connected to an outer peripheral portion of the single cell, the cell units being clamped together in a stacking direction, wherein the connection member on an anode side or a cathode side of the single cell of at least one cell unit of the cell units has a thickness different from that of the connection member on the anode side or the cathode side of the single cell of another cell unit.
Method of producing positive electrode active material for nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery
A method of producing a positive electrode active material for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery, the method includes preparing nickel-containing composite oxide particles having a ratio 1D90/1D10 of a 90% particle size 1D90 to a 10% particle size 1D10 in volume-based cumulative particle size distribution of 3 or less; obtaining a raw material mixture containing the composite oxide particles and a lithium compound and having a ratio of a total number of moles of lithium to a total number of moles of metal elements contained in the composite oxide in a range of 1 to 1.3; subjecting the raw material mixture to a heat treatment to obtain a heat-treated material; subjecting the heat-treated material to a dry-dispersion treatment to obtain a first dispersion; and bringing the first dispersion into contact with a liquid medium to obtain a second dispersion.
Active material, nonaqueous electrolyte battery, battery module, battery pack, automobile and vehicle
According to one embodiment, an active material is provided. This active material is represented by the general formula of Li(2+x)Na2Ti6O14, wherein x is within a range of 0≤x≤6. The active material includes at least one element selected from the group consisting of Zr, Mo, W, V, Nb, Ta, P, Y, Al, Fe, and B in a content of 0.03 to 8.33 atom %.
Positive electrode active material precursor for lithium secondary battery, positive electrode active material manufactured by using thereof, and lithium secondary battery including the same
Positive electrode active materials are provided. The positive electrode active materials includes a primary particle formed of a plurality of metals including a first metal and a secondary particle formed of at least one of the primary particle. The secondary particle includes a core part, a shell part, a seed region where the primary particle having concentration gradient of the first metal is disposed and a maintain region where the primary particle having constant concentration of the first metal is disposed, the seed region adjacent to the core part and a maintain region adjacent to the sell part, and length of the seed region in a direction from the core part to the shell part is 1 μm.
Li-ion battery with alumina coated porous silicon anode
A Li-ion battery in one embodiment includes a lithium based compound in a cathode, a first porous silicon portion in an anode, and a layer of atomic layer deposited (ALD) alumina coating the first porous silicon portion and contacting the cathode.
Fluorides in nanoporous, electrically-conductive scaffolding matrix for metal and metal-ion batteries
A battery electrode composition is provided that comprises composite particles. Each composite particle may comprise, for example, active fluoride material and a nanoporous, electrically-conductive scaffolding matrix within which the active fluoride material is disposed. The active fluoride material is provided to store and release ions during battery operation. The storing and releasing of the ions may cause a substantial change in volume of the active material. The scaffolding matrix structurally supports the active material, electrically interconnects the active material, and accommodates the changes in volume of the active material.
Non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery
A non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery of the invention has a power generating element with a single-cell layer which comprises a positive electrode including a positive electrode active material layer formed on a surface of a positive electrode collector, a negative electrode including a negative electrode active material layer formed on a surface of a negative electrode collector and a separator disposed between the positive electrode the negative electrode and containing a non-aqueous electrolyte, in which a value RA (=Rzjis (2)/Rzjis(1)) for the ratio between the surface roughness (Rzjis(1)) of the surface of the negative electrode active material layer on the side in contact with the separator and the surface roughness (Rzjis(2)) of the surface of the separator on the side in contact with the negative electrode active material layer is 0.15 to 0.85.
String trimmer battery housing assembly
The battery housing assembly, connected to a support shaft assembly of a string trimmer, includes a base housing member defining a chamber configured to receive a battery therein. The base housing member includes a frontal member configured to engage a front of the battery, a top member extending from the frontal member, configured to engage the top portion of the battery, and a bottom member, configured to engage a bottom portion of the battery. A first side member is configured to be removably connected to a first side of the base housing member; and a second side member configured to be removably connected to a second side of the base housing member.
A feed-through, in particular a feed-through which passes through part of a housing, in particular a battery housing, for example made of metal, in particular light metal, for example aluminum, an aluminum alloy, AlSiC, magnesium, an magnesium alloy, titanium, a titanium alloy, steel, stainless steel or high-grade steel. The housing part has at least one opening through which at least one conductor, in particular an essentially pin-shaped conductor, embedded in a glass or glass ceramic material, is guided. The base body is, for example, an essentially annular-shaped base body and is hermetically sealed with the housing part such that the helium leakage rate is smaller than 1*10−8 mbar l/sec.
Electrochemical cell casing having an open-ended main body portion of grade 5 or 23 titanium closed by upper and lower lids of grade 1 or 2 titanium
An electrochemical cell, preferably a secondary, rechargeable cell, including a casing comprised of a main body portion having opposed lower and upper open ends closed by respective lower and upper lids is described. The main body portion is composed of titanium Grades 5 or 23 having a relatively high electrical resistivity material while the lower and upper lids are composed of titanium Grades 1 or 2. The lids are preferably joined to the main body portion using laser welding. The combination of these differing titanium alloys provides a cell casing that effectively retards eddy current induced heating during cell recharging.
Multilayer diamond display system and method
Disclosed herein is a transparent glass system that includes an optical grade silicon substrate, a transparent substrate layer; a titanium dioxide transparent layer, the transparent layer having an index of refraction of 2.35 or greater; and a polycrystalline diamond layer, wherein the transparent layer is between the substrate layer and the polycrystalline diamond layer.
Organic electroluminescent device and method for producing organic electroluminescent device
The organic EL device includes a base material, a recessed portion, a reflective layer provided along an inner face of the recessed portion, a filling layer having optical transparency, and filled and disposed at an inside of the recessed portion, with the reflective layer interposed between the recessed portion and the filling layer, a first electrode having optical transparency and provided at an upper-layer side of the filling layer, an organic layer including a light-emitting layer and provided at an upper-layer side of the first electrode, a second electrode having optical transparency and optical reflectivity and provided at an upper-layer side of the organic layer. At least a portion of an edge of the light-emitting region is positioned further inside than an edge of the recessed portion, and the reflective layer and the first electrode are in contact with each other at the periphery of the recessed portion.
Organic light emitting display device
An organic light emitting display device includes a substrate, a dielectric mirror structure, a reflection pattern, and a pixel structure. The substrate includes a first region and a second region adjacent to the first region. The dielectric mirror structure is disposed on the substrate. The reflection pattern is disposed in the second region on the substrate. The pixel structure is disposed in the first region on the substrate.
Flexible display apparatus
A display apparatus includes a flexible substrate and a first insulation layer disposed on the flexible substrate. The flexible substrate includes a bending area. The first insulation layer includes a first unevenness disposed over the bending area. The first unevenness includes two or more steps in at least a portion of the first unevenness.
Window and display device having the same
A display device including a display panel and a window. The display panel includes a first curved display portion. The window covers the display panel and includes a base substrate having a light transmittance. The base substrate includes a bent portion. The bent portion is defined by bending at least a portion of the base substrate and covers the first curved display portion. The base substrate includes a composition material comprising a plurality of different polymer materials.
Organic electronic device and method of manufacturing the same
An organic electronic device includes an organic device including an organic material, a first protective film on the organic device, a second protective film on the first protective film and including a same material as the first protective film, and a third protective film on the second protective film.
Biomolecule-carbon nanostructure nanocomposites for optoelectronic devices
An optoelectronic device comprises a nanocomposite comprising a carbon nanostructure having a surface and a biomolecule adsorbed on the surface and forming a heterojunction at the interface of the carbon nanostructure and the biomolecule, the carbon nanostructure and the biomolecule each characterized by respective conduction band edges and valence band edges. The device further comprises first and second electrodes in electrical communication with the nanocomposite. The conduction band edge offset, the valence band edge offset, or both, across the heterojunction is greater in energy than the binding energy of an exciton generated in the carbon nanostructure or the biomolecule upon the absorption of light such that the exciton dissociates at the heterojunction to an electron, which is injected into one of the carbon nanostructure and the biomolecule, and a hole, which is injected into the other of the carbon nanostructure and the biomolecule.
Display apparatus and method of manufacturing the same
Provided are a display apparatus and a method of manufacturing the display apparatus. The display apparatus includes: a substrate including a bending area located between a first area and a second area and bent in the bending area; a display unit arranged over an upper surface of the substrate and located in the first area; a protection film located over a lower surface of the substrate and including a protection film base and a viscous layer; and a bending protection layer including a first bending protection layer and a second bending protection layer and corresponding to the bending area, wherein the protection film is located over the lower surface of the substrate and has an opening corresponding to the bending area or at least a part of the first area, and wherein the first bending protection layer is arranged over at least a part of a boundary of the opening or over an outside of the boundary of the opening, and at least a part of the second bending protection layer is arranged over an inside of the boundary of the opening.
Organic EL display panel, organic EL display device, and method of manufacturing organic EL display panel and organic EL display device
In an organic electroluminescence (EL) display panel including: a substrate that is flexible and is made of a resin material; a plurality of light-emitting elements that are disposed on the substrate and are spaced away from one another; and a plurality of wire units that are disposed on the substrate and establish electrical connection between the plurality of light-emitting elements, a first region of the substrate that is below the light-emitting elements has greater stiffness than a second region of the substrate that is a remainder of the substrate.
Organic light-emitting device
An organic light-emitting device includes an emission layer including a dopant comprising a first compound represented by Formula 1 and a host comprising a second compound represented by Formula 100 wherein in Formulae 1 and 100, X1, X11, R1, R2, R4, R51 to R60, L, a, n and m are the same as defined in the present application.
Process for preparing a crystalline organic semiconductor material
Provided are a process for preparing a crystalline organic semiconductor material wherein the conditions of crystallization lead to the formation of crystals at the gas liquid interface having advantageous semiconductor properties, the obtained crystalline organic semiconductor material and the use thereof for the production of organic semiconductor devices, in particular organic field effect transistors and organic solar cells.
Mechanical forming of resistive memory devices
Provided are methods of forming electric devices by effecting application of a stress to the device so as to deform the device within the device's elastic limit and to place the device into a new electric—e.g., resistance—state.
Wafer scale thermoelectric energy harvester having interleaved, opposing thermoelectric legs and manufacturing techniques therefor
An integrated circuit may include a substrate and a dielectric layer formed over the substrate. A plurality of p-type thermoelectric elements and a plurality of n-type thermoelectric elements may be disposed within the dielectric layer that are connected in series while alternating between the p-type and the n-type thermoelectric elements. The integrated circuit may include first and second substrates each having formed thereon a plurality of thermoelectric legs of a respective type of thermoelectric material. The first and second thermoelectric substrates also may have respective conductors, each coupled to a base of an associated thermoelectric leg and forming a mounting pad for coupling to a thermoelectric leg of the counterpart substrate. In other embodiments, one or more substrates may have trenches formed therein to capture eutectic material that facilitates bonds between components from each of the substrates and prevent inadvertent short circuits that may occur between components of the circuit system.
Thermoelectric conversion material, thermoelectric conversion element and thermoelectric conversion module
There is provided a thermoelectric conversion material which is characterized by being composed of a sintered body of plate-like crystals of a composite oxide represented by general formula (2) BifCagM3hCoiM4jOk, and by having a density of 4.0-5.1 g/cm3. This thermoelectric conversion material is also characterized in that: when observed by SEM, the ratio of the plate-like crystals of a composite oxide represented by general formula (2) having an inclination in the major axis direction within 0±20° relative to the surface of the thermoelectric conversion material is 60% or more on the number basis; the average length of the lengths of the plate-like crystals of a composite oxide represented by general formula (2) is 20 μm or more; and the aspect ratio of the plate-like crystals of a composite oxide represented by general formula (2) is 20 or more.
Light emitting device package having lead electrode with varying thickness
A package for mounting a light emitting element includes: a first lead electrode having, in a plan view, a first region, a second region surrounding a periphery of the first region having a width of 110 μm or more and a thickness greater than that of the first region, and a third region partially surrounding a periphery of the second region and having a thickness smaller than that of the second region; a second lead electrode spaced apart from the first lead electrode; and a resin molded body fixing a portion of each of the first and second lead electrodes. A portion of each of the first and second lead electrodes and a portion of the resin molded body exposed therebetween form a bottom surface of a recess.
Disclosed is a light emitting device. The light emitting device includes a light emitting semiconductor layer including a first conductive semiconductor layer, an active layer on the first conductive semiconductor layer and a second conductive semiconductor layer on the active layer. A passivation layer is disposed on a surface of a light emitting semiconductor layer. A first electrode layer is disposed on the first conductive semiconductor layer and a second electrode layer is disposed on the second conductive semiconductor layer. Plurality of protrusion parts are disposed on a top surface of the first conductive semiconductor layer.
Group III nitride laminate, luminescence element comprising said laminate, and method of producing group III nitride laminate
A group III nitride laminate includes, on an AlN single crystal substrate, a multilayer structure having an AlXGa1-XN layer (0
Group III nitride based LED structures including multiple quantum wells with barrier-well unit interface layers
Group III nitride based light emitting diode (LED) structures include multiple quantum wells with barrier-well units that include III nitride interface layers. Each interface layer may have a thickness of no greater than about 30% of an adjacent well layer, and a comparatively low concentration of indium or aluminum. One or more interface layers may be present in a barrier-well unit. Multiple barrier-well units having different properties may be provided in a single active region.
Solar cell and method for manufacturing the same
A solar cell and a method for manufacturing the same are disclosed. The solar cell includes a semiconductor substrate containing impurities of a first conductive type, a tunnel layer positioned on the semiconductor substrate, an emitter region positioned on the tunnel layer and containing impurities of a second conductive type opposite the first conductive type, a dopant layer positioned on the emitter region and formed of a dielectric material containing impurities of the second conductive type, a first electrode connected to the semiconductor substrate, and a second electrode configured to pass through the dopant layer and connected to the emitter region.
Photo voltaic generator panel, method and system
A method is provided of fabricating a photo voltaic generator panel (15) including a polymer back sheet (24) with at least one attachment feature (21) so as to provide means of attaching the panel to a structural support (25) upon subsequent installation. At least one polymer attachment feature (21) is applied to the outer side of the polymer back sheet of the panel during the manufacturing process for the panel whereby the attachment feature projects with respect to the back sheet. The application may be in conjunction with a lamination process, or subsequent to the lamination process, or as an integral part of the back sheet manufacturing process. The attachment feature is adapted to engage with a corresponding feature (26) or features to be found on a support structure (25) located at a site for the installation of the panel. The said at least one polymer attachment feature and said outer side of the polymer back sheet have a similar thermal expansion coefficient.
Multi-junction photodiode in application of molecular detection and discrimination, and method for fabricating the same
A multi junction photodiode for molecular detection and discrimination and fabrication methods thereof. The multi junction photodiode includes a substrate having first conductive type dopants, an epitaxial layer having the first conductive type dopants, a deep well having second conductive type dopants, a first well having the first conductive type dopants, a second well having the second conductive type dopants, a third well having the first conductive type dopants, and a first doped region having the second conductive type dopants. The epitaxial layer is disposed on the substrate. The deep well is disposed in the epitaxial layer. The first well having three sides connected to the epitaxial layer is disposed in the deep well. The second well is disposed in the first well. The third well having three sides connected to the epitaxial layer is disposed in the second well. The first doped region is disposed in the third well.
Semiconductor device and a method of making a semiconductor device
An LED device capable of emitting electromagnetic radiation ranging from about 200 nm to 365 nm, the device. The device includes a substrate member, the substrate member being selected from sapphire, silicon, quartz, gallium nitride, gallium aluminum nitride, or others. The device has an active region overlying the substrate region, the active region comprising a light emitting spatial region comprising a p-n junction and characterized by a current crowding feature of electrical current provided in the active region. The light emitting spatial region is characterized by about 1 to 10 microns. The device includes an optical structure spatially disposed separate and apart the light emitting spatial region and is configured to facilitate light extraction from the active region.
Semiconductor device and method of manufacturing the same
The present invention provides a semiconductor device that can reduce effects of noise without complicating processes or increasing chip area.The semiconductor device according to an aspect of the present invention includes a semiconductor substrate, a drain region, a drift region, a base region, a source region, a gate electrode, an interlayer insulating film, a conductive layer electrically coupled to the drain region, a wiring line, and a contact plug electrically coupled to the source region and the wiring line. The interlayer insulating film has an intermediate interlayer insulating film. The intermediate interlayer insulating film is arranged between the conductive layer and the contact plug. The intermediate interlayer insulating film is a thermal oxide film of a material that forms the conductive layer.
High-electron-mobility transistor devices
A device includes a first high electronic mobility transistor (HEMT) and a second HEMT. The first HEMT includes a first gate, a source coupled to the first gate, and a drain coupled to the first gate. The second HEMT includes a second gate coupled to the source and to the drain. The second HEMT has a lower threshold voltage than the first HEMT.