Concrete mix for shotcrete applications for electromagnetic shielding
Conductive concrete mixtures for shotcrete applications are described that are configured to provide varied EM shielding and reflect and/or absorb, for instance, EM waves propagating through the conductive concrete mixture, while providing flowability (e.g., fluidity) for shotcrete applications. The conductive concrete mixtures include cement, aggregate, water, metallic conductive material, and conductive carbon particles and magnetic material. The metallic conductive material may include steel fibers and/or shavings having sizes suitable for application through shotcrete nozzles/applicators, and the magnetic material may include a taconite aggregate, such as taconite sand.
Air deflection plug-in box for forced air-cooled cabinet and forced air-cooled cabinet
The disclosure discloses an air deflection plug-in box for a forced air-cooled cabinet. The air deflection plug-in box includes a front vertical plate with one or more vent holes, a rear vertical plate with one or more vent holes, two side vertical plates with hangers and an air deflection diaphragm arranged to isolate air areas, wherein the front vertical plate, the rear vertical plate, the two side vertical plates and the air deflection diaphragm are fixedly connected into a whole to distinctively guide cold airflow on one side of the air deflection diaphragm and guide hot airflow on the other side of the air deflection diaphragm. One or more thermal barriers are also arranged on at least one surface of the air deflection diaphragm, and each thermal barrier is made from thermal insulation material.
Device with heat transfer portion
A subsea electronic device includes a housing, a chassis within the housing to which one or more electronic cards are mounted and heat transfer sections in thermal contact with the electronic cards. The heat transfer sections are in interference fit with an inner surface of the housing thereby to transfer, in use, heat from the electronic cards through the heat transfer sections to the housing. There is also a subsea electronic device housing and a method of assembling a subsea electronic device.
Interchangeable panel or plate for server case
A server case, chassis, or enclosure with an easily removable front panel or plate. The outside or front of the front panel may be decorated with a logo, trademark, or other design, and thus be used by a vendor supplying a server case, with or without a computer or computer apparatus installed, as a means of decorating, identifying, or branding the case or contents, or both. The panels or plates may be interchangeable. Panels or plates may be attached to the case by means of tabs with magnets extending from the sides of the panel or plate and fitting within corresponding slots in the front of the case, thereby providing a secure attachment that prevents lateral movement, but is easily removable by hand without tools.
Implementing high-speed signaling via dedicated printed circuit-board media
Some embodiments of the inventive subject matter are directed to forming, on a first circuit board, first pins that connect to first leads of a first electronic component; forming, on the first circuit board, second pins that connect to second leads of a second electronic component; affixing the first circuit board to a second circuit board having a first layer with first wires; and forming second wires on a second layer of the second circuit board, wherein said forming the second wires creates an electrical connection on the second circuit board between a portion of the first pins and a portion of the second pins. In some embodiments, the second circuit board is smaller than the first circuit board, and the second layer of the second circuit board is, in length, approximately equivalent to a distance between the first electronic component and the second electronic component.
Selective partitioning of via structures in printed circuit boards
The embodiments herein relate to a method for selective partitioning of a via in a printed circuit board as to produce an electrically isolating portion between two electrically conducting portions in said via. The method involves the step of prior to drilling the hole for the via, laminating plating resist layers to the printed circuit board at a distance from each other corresponding to a desired length of the electrically isolated portion of the via. After drilling, copper is added to selected portions of the interior of the via in two different processing steps followed by a step of removing undesired copper as to produce the electrically isolating portion.
Metal post bonding using pre-fabricated metal posts
A method includes forming a plurality of metal posts. The plurality of metal posts is interconnected to form a metal-post row by weak portions between neighboring ones of the plurality of metal posts. The weak portions include a same metal as the plurality of metal posts. A majority of each of the plurality of metal posts is separated from respective neighboring ones of the plurality of metal posts. An end portion of each of the plurality of metal posts is plated with a metal. The plurality of metal posts is disposed into a metal post-storage. The method further includes retrieving one of the metal posts from a metal-post storage, and bonding the one of the metal posts on a metal pad.
Electric component mounting method
Provided is an electronic component mounting method including the steps of: placing an electronic component having a primary surface on which a first electrode is formed, on a circuit member having a primary surface on which a second electrode corresponding to the first electrode is formed, with solder and a bonding material including a thermosetting resin interposed between the first and second electrodes; subjecting the thermosetting resin to a first heating at a temperature lower than the melting point of the solder and thus causing the resin to cure, while pressing the electronic component against the circuit member, and then releasing pressure applied for the pressing; and subjecting the solder interposed between the first and second electrodes to a second heating with the pressure released, and thus melting the solder to electrically connect the first and second electrodes.
Manufacturing method of part-mounting package
A method of manufacturing a part-mounting package includes: forming a first through-hole in a first insulating sheet and forming a second through-hole whose opening area is larger than the first through-hole in a second insulating sheet; forming a penetration conductor covering an inner surface of the second through-hole and forming a conductor layer on a surface of at least the second insulating sheet; laminating the first insulating sheet and the second insulating sheet where center positions of the first through-hole and the second through-hole are matched to each other; causing linear laser division grooves to pass through a center of the first through-hole and the second through-hole; and dividing the sheet laminated body along the laser division grooves, and causing the side surface recess part and the end face through-hole conductor to appear.
Electronic device and method for manufacturing electronic device
An intermediate connection layer interposed between a wiring substrate and an electronic part includes a rigid substrate and a flexible substrate. A plurality of conductor portions are formed on opposed principal surfaces of the respective flexible and rigid substrates. The rigid substrate is provided with an opening, and a fuse portion on the flexible substrate faces the opening. The flexible substrate and the rigid substrate are bonded together with solders. The respective rigid and flexible substrates are separately made, solder pastes are applied to the rigid substrate, both substrates are overlaid on each other, and the solder pastes are heated and solidified to make the intermediate connection layer.
A display device includes a flexible insulating substrate, an insulating layer on the insulating substrate, and a plurality of terminals made of a conductive material on the insulating layer. The insulating layer is disposed outside the area located between the terminals. The insulating substrate has a groove between the terminals.
Resin composition for printed wiring board, prepreg, metal foil-clad laminate, resin composite sheet, and printed wiring board
A resin composition for a printed wiring board including: a cyanate compound represented by the following general formula (1); and an epoxy resin,
Nitrophobic surface for extreme thrust gain
The present disclosure describes a new type of selective nitrophobic surface membrane in a plasma actuator that separates oxygen from nitrogen in the atmosphere, thereby increasing the presence of oxygen near an exposed electrode of the plasma actuator. Accordingly, the plasma flow created in the presence of oxygen at the exposed electrode generates more force than plasma flow created in the presence of nitrogen.
Cloud-connected off-grid lighting and video system
A cloud-connected off-grid lighting and video system may include one or more wireless lighting modules and a bridge device to transmit a video stream or images to external devices such as a remote device, a cellular phone, a home automation system, or a security system. The cloud-connected off-grid lighting and video system may operate over the cloud via an Internet connection allowing the bridge device to communicate with a server on the Internet that may implement software for the interface to capture data regarding activity detected by-the wireless lighting module.
User controllable grow lighting system, method, and online light settings store
A method for controlling a smart LED grow lamp device, comprising: using a processor, selecting a light recipe from an online light recipe store server via a user interface of a wireless device communicatively coupled to the online light recipe store server over a network, the light recipe including spectrum type, intensity, and duration selections for LEDs included in the smart LED grow lamp device; downloading the light recipe from the online light recipe store server to the wireless device; generating control signals for the smart LED grow lamp device from the light recipe at the wireless device; and, transmitting the control signals to the smart LED grow lamp device from the wireless device to thereby control the smart LED grow lamp device. The smart LED grow lamp device can be voice activated, can include a camera, and can be intelligently controlled by using images from the camera to monitor plant growth, diagnose problems (e.g., lighting, water, temperature, etc.), generate user alerts, and automatically adjust light settings accordingly.
External wireless module for lighting fixture
An external wireless module for controlling a lighting fixture in a lighting system is provided. In one example implementation, an external wireless module for mounting to a lighting fixture includes a module housing. The module includes one or more electrical components located within the module housing. The one or more electrical components is configured to provide wireless control capability for the lighting fixture over a wireless network. The module housing is configured to be mounted to an exterior of a lighting fixture housing associated with the light fixture. The one or more electrical components are configured to be interfaced with one or more internal components of the lighting fixture located in an interior of the lighting fixture housing.
Smart lighting device, and smart lighting control system and method
The present disclosure provides a smart lighting device, and a smart lighting control system and method. The smart lighting device includes a wireless communication module, a control module, an image acquisition module configured to collect images/videos near the smart lighting device in real-time and to send the images/videos to the control module for analysis, and a microphone module configured to have operation modes including a sleep mode and a monitor mode to receive a control signal from the control module to switch between the operation modes, and to collect audio signals in the surrounding area of the smart lighting device when operated at the monitor mode. The control module is configured to receive and analyze the images/videos from the image acquisition module. When a human appearance is identified in the images, the control module sends the control signal to the microphone module to switch to the monitor mode.
Space scoring for a lighting network
The present disclosure relates to determining one or more of a space occupancy score, space energy score, and space efficiency score for a collection of lighting endpoints in a lighting network. The space occupancy score is indicative of how effective the occupancy groups are configured for a given space or the utilization level for a space. The space energy score is indicative of how much energy the collection of lighting endpoints use or will likely use based on their configurations, actual use, or a combination thereof. The space efficiency score is indicative of the overall efficiency associated with the collection of lighting endpoints based on both occupancy and energy related metrics.
Invisible, light-transmissive display system
An invisible, light-transmissive display system with a light resistant material is provided. Substantially invisible holes penetrate through at least a portion of the light resistant material in a predetermined light-transmissive display pattern.
In various embodiments, a light-emitting apparatus is provided. The light-emitting apparatus includes at least one semiconductor light source configured to emit at least one primary light beam, a deflection device configured to deflect the at least one primary light beam onto respectively associated different positions on a phosphor body, at least one light detector configured to detect light that was emitted by the phosphor body, and an evaluation device. The evaluation device is configured to identify damage to the phosphor body on the basis of at least one measurement signal generated by the at least one light detector, and to correlate the at least one measurement signal with at least one position on the phosphor body.
There is provided an output circuit for supplying an output current to a load coupled to an output terminal in response to an input signal. The output circuit includes an output transistor for supplying the output current to the output terminal, an output-drive circuit for driving the output transistor, a constant-current limiting circuit for generating a current control signal for limiting the output current to a predetermined current value, and a control circuit for implementing a control such that the output current is controlled on the basis of the current control signal if a voltage at the output terminal is at a predetermined voltage, or less after the input signal is supplied while the output transistor is driven by the output-drive circuit if the voltage at the output terminal is in excess of the predetermined voltage.
Method and apparatus for an indoor horticultural facility
An indoor horticultural system includes a grow bed and a lighting system arranged in proximity to the grow bed. The lighting system includes lighting fixtures having an optical axis and a light distribution whose intensity increases as the angle of the generated light increases in relation to the optical axis to increase cross-lighting. Alternately, the lighting system includes lighting fixtures mounted at varying angles and with varying beam widths so as to increase cross-lighting. Series connected light fixtures include a master light fixture that employs an intensity controller to control the intensity of light generated by each of the series-connected light fixtures, where the intensity controller derives operational power from an LED string contained within the master light fixture.
Electrical lighting system power control
A network switch (5) for example a PoE switch, is operable to control supply of electrical power to individual luminaires (1,2) in a lighting network. The luminaires receive both electrical power for operation and signals to switch on and off through a common cable connection (9) such as an Ethernet connection. When switched on, each luminaire sends a signal repeatedly towards the Po E switch until switched off and the switch (5) supplies power to the luminaire while successive signals are received within a period less than a predetermined shut off period (Δ). In this way, power to the luminaire can be disconnected to avoid consumption of standby power when not in use.
Controlling output voltage to achieve ultra-low standby power in dim-to-off LED applications
An electronic that includes an integrated circuit (IC) configured to regulate an output voltage for powering a light emitting diode (LED). A first transistor is configured to be switched on or off by the IC to inductively couple or decouple a main power supply bus voltage from a primary winding of a transformer to a secondary winding of the transformer connectable to the LED. A second transistor is coupled between the IC and the main power supply bus voltage, and configured to be switched on or off by the IC to selectively provide an IC power supply input voltage to the IC.
Switching mode constant current LED driver
A switching mode constant current led driver including an energy transmission unit, an LED module, a power transistor, a resistor and a control unit, the control unit including a driving unit for generating a driving voltage signal, and a duty cycle determining unit for determining a duty cycle of the driving voltage signal, wherein, the duty cycle determining unit determines a charging time for a reference current to charge an external capacitor according to a present time length, and determines a discharging time for a discharging current to discharge the external capacitor according to an inductor discharging time, the discharging current being proportional to an average value of an inductor charging status signal, and a comparing voltage is thereby generated on the external capacitor; and compares the comparing voltage with a saw-tooth voltage to generate a next time length of the duty cycle.
Driver circuit with extended operation range
A system comprising a driver circuit wherein the driver circuit comprises a converter. The system further comprises a controller operable to control a ratio between an input voltage supplied to the driver circuit and a target output voltage to be output from the driver circuit by varying a pulse width modulated signal, and by switching between operating modes of said converter. The controller is configured to determine that the driver circuit is operating in an undesired state caused by a combination of the duty cycle and the operating mode of the converter. The system further comprises a resistance adjustment circuit configured to adjust an equivalent output resistance of the driver circuit in response to the controller determining that the driver circuit is operating in an undesired state.
Controlled electric induction heating of an electrically conductive workpiece in a solenoidal coil with flux compensators
Apparatus and method are provided for inductively heating workpieces with varying characteristics in the same induction coil while selectively controlling the induced heat temperature distribution profile of each workpiece with one or more flux compensators inserted into the induction coil along with the workpiece to be inductively heated.
An instruction to enter a scanning mode may be received at a communication device. The communication device may participate in several talkgroups. A determination may be made that at least one of the talkgroups is active. In response, the communication device may be set to a first active talkgroup. A determination may be made that a predetermined time has passed since the communication device was set to the first active talkgroup. In response, a determination also may be made that at least a second one of the talkgroups, other than the first active talkgroup, is active. In response, the communication device may be set to the second active talkgroup.
Uplink data transfer
A method including transmitting an uplink access request message by a user device (UD) for an access point (AP) in an access point cluster set of the UD; and monitoring a downlink control channel by the user device (UD) to determine, based at least partially upon the transmitted uplink access request message, if a subsequent uplink communication is to be transmitted by the user device (UD) to a serving access point and/or a stand-by access point of the access point cluster set.
System and method for analyzing messages and initiating communication sessions
Systems and methods are described herein for analyzing messages and other information provided in relation to a web communication, a mobile application communication session, a phone communication, or another type of communication. For example, a system and method are provided for initiating a text message communication session between an agent and a user. A two-way communication session may be facilitated between the user and the agent. A mobile telephone number disclosed by the user during the two-way communication session may be detected, and a text message communication session between the user and the agent may be initiated if a mobile telephone number was detected. Availability status associated with a provider of items or services may also be analyzed to determine an agent for communicating with the user.
Apparatus and method for WebRTC in a mobile device
An apparatus and method for initiating peer-to-peer communication via a socketless communication path is provided. The method includes transmitting, from a first mobile terminal, information for creating of a P2P communication path created by the first mobile terminal to a second mobile terminal via a socketless transmission path, augmenting the information for creating the P2P communication path received from the first mobile terminal with information of the second mobile terminal, transmitting, from the first mobile terminal, the augmented information for creating the P2P communication path to the first mobile terminal via the socketless transmission path, and initiating the P2P communication via the P2P communication path based upon the augmented information being received by the first mobile terminal.
Emergency data transmission over unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band
Techniques are described for wireless communication. A first method includes determining that a first node associated with a first operator in a deployment of operators has emergency data to transmit over an unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band and transmitting, by the first node, a signal over the unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band. The signal may indicate that the first node has emergency data to transmit. A second method includes receiving, at a first base station associated with a first operator in a deployment of operators, an uplink transmission from a user equipment (UE) indicating that the UE has emergency uplink data to transmit over an unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band and transmitting, by the first base station, an indication to a second base station that the UE has emergency uplink data to transmit over the unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band.
Methods and devices for random access
One embodiment of the present disclosure relates to a method for random access in a UE in an out-of-sync status. The method comprises: sending to a base station a first message including a random access preamble according to a TDD configuration in a SIB; receiving from the base station a second message including a random access response using the random access preamble according to the TDD configuration in the SIB. Another embodiment of the present invention also relates to corresponding method for random access in a base station. According to an aspect of the present disclosure, there are provided corresponding devices.
Method for allocating temporary identifier to terminal in random access procedure in wireless communication system and apparatus therefor
Provided are a method for allocating a temporary radio network temporary identifier to a terminal within a random access procedure in a wireless communication system, and an apparatus supporting the same. The method for allocating a temporary radio network temporary identifier (T-RNTI) to a user equipment (UE) within a random access procedure in a wireless communication system, includes transmitting, by the UE, a random access preamble to a base station (BS), transmitting, by the UE, a radio resource control (RRC) request message to the BS through a contention-based physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) resource block in which uplink data can be transmitted without uplink resource allocation scheduling, and receiving, by the UE, an RRC connection setup message identified by a T-RNTI allocated to the UE in response to the RRC request message, wherein the T-RNTI is allocated on the basis of the contention-based PUSCH resource block in which the RRC request message has been transmitted.
Spatially grouped random access in a wireless network
A method of enabling a plurality of user equipments (UEs) to transmit on random access channel (RACH). The method including transmitting, by an access point (AP), beacons to activate sets of UEs of the plurality of UEs based on a protocol, each of the sets of UEs containing UEs that are spatially co-located and each beacon associated with a different one of the sets of UEs.
Radio communication system, base station, mobile station, and radio communication method
Provided are a radio communication system, a base station, a mobile station, and a radio communication method, by which it is possible to shorten a control time until the transmission of uplink data is possible, and to improve a perceived speed of a user when uplink data is small. A base station 100 transmits collision-type access permission including information on a collision-type access channel toward a plurality of mobile stations, the collision-type access channel serving as a radio resource other than a radio resource assigned in response to a scheduling request and a radio resource available for transmission of uplink data by the plurality of mobile stations. A mobile station 200A transmits the uplink data to the base station by using the collision-type access channel on the basis of the collision-type access permission received from the base station.
Transmission of uplink control information for link-budget-limited devices
Mechanisms are disclosed for improved transmission of uplink control information by a user equipment (UE) that is link budget limited. In one embodiment, the UE transmits a message to the base station indicating that the UE is link budget limited. In response to the message, the base station sends an uplink grant to the UE, enabling the UE to transmit uplink control information on the physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) instead of on the Physical Uplink Control Channel (PUCCH). In another embodiment, the base station sends an uplink grant to a link-budget-limited UE each time downlink traffic is transmitted to the UE, enabling the UE to send ACK/NACK feedback on the PUSCH instead of the PUCCH. In another embodiment, the UE transmits a scheduling request (SR) to the base station as part of a random access procedure, enabling the SR to be transmitted on the PUSCH instead of the PUCCH.
Load based probe response scheduling
In an example embodiment, an apparatus comprising an interface configured to communicate with at least one wireless transceiver, and a controller coupled to the interface. The controller is configured to determine a predefined characteristic such as current load and/or interference for a wireless channel associated with the at least one wireless transceiver. The controller is operable to suppress sending a probe response in response to the at least one wireless transceiver receiving a probe request, wherein how often probe responses are suppressed is based on the predefined characteristic for the wireless channel.
Time slot state update method and device
Embodiments of the present invention relate to the field of wireless communications. Disclosed are a time slot state update method and device, which are used to improve the time flexibility during update of the time slot state. In the present invention, a communications node determines an update period of a time slot state table, the update period comprising x continuous time slots and x being an integer not less than 1 and not greater than the total of the time slots comprised in one frame; and the communications node updating the time slot state table after the update period ends. It can be seen that, the solution can improve the time flexibility during update of the time slot state.
Techniques for providing flexible clear channel assessment detection thresholds in a wireless network
Examples are disclosed for providing flexible clear channel assessment (CCA) detection thresholds in a wireless local access network (WLAN). In some examples, an apparatus for dynamically setting a clear channel assessment (CCA) threshold in a wireless local area network (WLAN) may comprise a processor component, a radio coupled to the processor component, and logic for execution by the processor component to establish a CCA threshold for a wireless channel of the WLAN, send a first wireless message to one or more wireless station (STA) devices in wireless proximity to the apparatus informing the one or more STA devices of the established CCA threshold and instructing the one or more STA devices to avoid CCA levels exceeding the CCA threshold on the wireless channel and send a second wireless message to a wireless access point (AP) device associated with the apparatus informing the AP device of the established CCA threshold and instructing the AP device to broadcast use of the CCA threshold on the wireless channel. Other examples are described and claimed.
D2D discovery and communication method, resource allocation method, and control node
Provided in embodiments of the present document are a D2D discovery and communication method, a resource allocation method and a control node, wherein the resource allocation method includes: a control node obtaining D2D resource set information, wherein the D2D resource set includes a D2D discovery resource set and/or a D2D communication resource set; the control node or a D2D user equipment determining D2D discovery or communication scheduling resources of the D2D user equipment according to the D2D resource set information.
Methods and systems for beam searching
In one example embodiment, a method includes transmitting a plurality of first beacons over a first scanning period, the plurality of first beacons associated with different direct energy beams, the transmitting including, transmitting the plurality of first beacons over sub-periods of the first scanning period, respectively; obtaining an indication of a preferred first beacon, the preferred beacon being received by a network element during the transmitting of the plurality of beacons over the first scanning period; and communicating with the element during a scheduled portion of a first data communication period using the beam associated with the preferred first beacon, a length of the first scanning period and a length of the first data communication period forming a length of a time transmission interval.
Method of allocating a resource in a wireless communication system and device for same
In a wireless communication system, when a terminal receives control information from a downlink subframe, which is divided into a Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH) region and a Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) region, in a wireless communication system, the receiving of the control information includes: receiving, from a base station, first CFI information indicating the number of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) symbols available for Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH) transmission; receiving, from the base station, second CFI information indicating start OFDM symbol information available for Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) transmission corresponding to an enhanced Physical Downlink Control Channel (E-PDCCH); and receiving the PDSCH from the base station on the basis of the first CFI information or the second CFI information. The PDCCH is placed in the PDCCH region of the downlink subframe, and the E-PDCCH is placed in the PDSCH region of the downlink subframe.
Power control method, system, device and computer storage medium
The present document provides a power control method, system, device and computer storage medium, wherein the method includes, when it is determined that a preset entry condition is met, a base station notifying a user equipment (UE) to disable a dedicated physical control channel (DPCCH) transmission during a deactivated hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) process (101); when it is determined that a preset exit condition is met, the base station notifying the UE to enable the DPCCH transmission (102) in a deactivated HARQ process.
Method and device for handling different DCI messages in a wireless network node of a cellular communication system providing multiple bandwidths
The disclosure relates to a method of transmitting downlink control signalling in a wireless network node of a cellular communication system, when the node provides more than one transmission bandwidth. In particular it relates to a method in a wireless network node of a cellular communication system for transmitting downlink control signalling to at least one wireless device. The wireless network node operates over at least two different transmission bandwidths. The method comprises transmitting information about at least one of the transmission bandwidths to wireless devices in the cellular communication system, configuring properties of at least one downlink control message, to represent one of the at least two different transmission bandwidths and transmitting the at least one downlink control message to the at least one wireless device in the cellular communication system.
Methods and apparatuses for transmitting uplink in wireless access system supporting machine-type communication
The present invention relates to a wireless access system which supports machine-type communication (MTC), and more particularly, to various methods for efficiently transmitting, by an MTC terminal, uplink control information (UCI) and/or user data, and to apparatuses supporting same. A method for transmitting an uplink by an MTC terminal which supports machine-type communication (MTC) in a wireless access system, according to one embodiment of the present invention, may comprise the steps of: determining whether an overlap exists between a plurality of physical uplink control channels (PUCCHs) for transmitting uplink control information (UCI) and a plurality of physical uplink shared channels (PUSCHs) for transmitting user data; multiplexing UCI in at least one subframe on an overlapping PUSCH when the plurality of PUCCHs and the plurality of PUSCHs overlap in the at least one subframe; and transmitting the PUSCH on which the UCI has been multiplexed in the at least one subframe.
Communication transmission system, digital wireless communication transmission system, devices, and method of digital communication
A digital communication system including a terminal and a plurality of base stations. The terminal includes receiving of a first control channel which is transmitted only from the first base station, the received first control channel is configured to indicate resource assignment for both data transmitted from the first base station and data coordinately transmitted from the second base station, and is configured to indicate new data or retransmission data. The terminal a second control channel including first control information and second control information only to the first base station. The first control information is channel state information, and the second control information is Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest (HARQ) acknowledgement information for the received data coordinately transmitted. The second control information is based on a result of the HARQ process of the received data coordinately transmitted, and the second control channel is transmitted only to the first base station.
Decoding of PCFICH in LTE for power savings and range improvement
A mobile device (UE) may decode the Physical Control Format Indicator Channel (PCFICH) blindly, which may include obtaining resource elements (REs) that are reserved for the Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH), based on a largest value of a control format indicator (CFI), finding a total number of control channel elements (CCEs) according to the obtained REs, numbering the CCEs, and decoding the PDCCH for the largest value of the CFI over the numbered CCEs. Accordingly, the UE does not need to decode the PCFICH) specifically. In some cases, the UE may indicate to the network that it is a constrained device, and the network may transmit control information using a reserved CFI value in response to the indication that the UE is a constrained device. The UE may then not decode the PCFICH, and decode the PDCCH based on the PDCCH occupying a first four OFDM symbols.
Method and apparatus for localizing components and/or persons assigned to an image recording scanner in a spatial environment
In a method and system for localizing optional and/or exchangeable components of at least one image recording scanner and/or for localizing persons assigned to the image recording scanner in a spatial environment around the location of the image recording scanner, the components and/or persons are each provided with a wireless transmit device and the environment is provided with wireless receive devices. For each transmit device, using at least one localization signal received by at least one receive device in which the transmitting transmit device is identified, an item of position information of the transmit device, and thus of the component or person assigned to the transmit device, is determined and is provided in a computer for recall purposes.
Methods and systems of assigning estimated positions and attributes to wireless access points in a positioning system
In one embodiment, a technique is provided for detecting that a wireless beacon is pathological. Data points captured by mobile devices or specialized scanning devices are received at software executing on an electronic device, each data point containing information about beacon attributes. A set of disjoint regions are defined in one or more dimensions and each data point is associated with a corresponding region based on at least one element of the information of the data point lying within the boundaries of the corresponding region. An aggregate attribute is determined for each region based on the information of data points associated with the corresponding region. Then the aggregate attribute of one or more regions is used to determined whether the wireless beacon is pathological, and if determined to be pathological, the wireless beacon is excluded from use by a beacon-based positioning system.
Wireless local area network hotspot registration using near field communications
A first device that includes a processor configured to transmit/receive a trigger message to/from a second device based on wireless short-range communication. The trigger message initiates a registration process within a wireless local area network (WLAN).
Method and apparatus for generating device-to-device terminal signal in wireless communication system
An embodiment of the present invention relates to a method for generating, by a terminal, a device-to-device (D2D) signal in a wireless communication system, the method comprising the steps of: mapping a sequence for an automatic gain control (AGC) preamble to a resource element; and performing an inverse fast Fourier transform (IFFT) on the mapped AGC preamble, wherein when mapped to the resource element, the sequence for the AGC preamble is repeated N times (N>=0) where N is proportional to a frequency bandwidth if the terminal is a terminal within a coverage.
Wireless device for which plurality of serving cells is configured, and communication method using same
Provided is a communication method by a wireless device for which a plurality of serving cells is configured in a wireless communication system. The wireless device configures a frequency division duplex (FDD) cell and a time division duplex (TDD) cell and determines an uplink (UL)-downlink (DL) direction of the FDD cell according to a UL-DL configuration of the TDD cell.
Systems and methods for providing synchronization in a networked environment
Described herein are systems and methods for synchronization in a networked environment. For example, some embodiments provide methods for synchronizing a client device having a client media time reference with a server device having a server media time reference. In some cases such methods are embodied in computer readable code that is executable on one or more processors. Furthermore, some embodiments provide hardware, such as networked media devices that are configured to perform such methods. In overview, in some embodiments a client obtains timing information from a server and, on the basis of this timing information, applies an adjustment to a client control time reference, thereby to synchronize the client media time reference with the server media time reference. Some embodiments are particularly directed to the situation where there is a desire to synchronize networked media devices across a combination of wired and wireless networks.
Short and long training fields
A method includes receiving a first plurality of symbols comprising complex portions. The method further includes applying conjugate symmetry to the first plurality of symbols, producing a second plurality of symbols comprising no complex portions. The method further includes transforming the second plurality of symbols using an inverse fast Fourier transform, producing a third plurality of symbols. The method further includes interpolating the third plurality of symbols, generating a short training field comprising at least one real portion of the third plurality of symbols, generating a long training field comprising at least one real portion of the third plurality of symbols, and transmitting the short training field and long training field in a WPAN.
Power efficient communications
A method, system, and device provide power-efficient communications within the context of available power. Transmission and receipt data rates are scalable in accordance with output power available from a power source. Data is transmitted at a data rate determined, at least in part, by the available output power.
Systems and methods to increase battery life in and identify misuse of a wireless device using environmental sensors
Systems and methods to increase battery life in and identify misuse of a wireless device using environmental sensors are provided. Some methods can include identifying times during which at least one of a transceiver or a sensing device in the wireless device is operating outside of a low power sleep state, instructing a thermal sensing device in the wireless device to measure ambient temperatures of the wireless device during the identified times, recording the measured ambient temperatures and the identified times in a memory device of the wireless device, identifying a service time of the wireless device corresponding to the identified times, and using the recorded ambient temperatures or the identified service time to optimize the battery life of the wireless device or to identify the misuse of the wireless device.
Method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving periodic data on basis of power save mode in wireless LAN
Disclosed are a method and apparatus for transmitting and receiving periodic data on the basis of a power save mode in a wireless LAN. The method for transmitting and receiving periodic data in a wireless LAN comprises: a step for receiving, by an access point (AP), each of a plurality of uplink frames including periodic uplink/downlink transmission fields, from each of a plurality of stations (STA); a step for determining, by the AP, a downlink resource for each of the plurality of periodic downlink frames to be transmitted to each of the plurality of STAs, and an uplink resource for each of the plurality of periodic uplink frames to be transmitted by each of the plurality of STAs; and a step for transmitting, by the AP, a multi-user (MU) scheduling frame including information on the downlink resource and information on the uplink resource, to each of the plurality of STAs.
Method and device for interworking between access technology networks
A method and a device for interworking between access technology networks are disclosed. The method includes: a decision-making entity for interworking between a first access technology network and a second access technology network judging whether it is required to adopt a terminal power saving priority principle, and when determining to adopt the terminal power saving priority principle, triggering an interworking process between the first access technology network and the second access technology network only when a preset triggering event occurs.
Wireless communication device and system
A wireless communication device according to an embodiment includes a transceiver and a timer. The transceiver transmits and receives data and transmits the data in a first direction and a second direction. The timer determines a timing for the transceiver to transmit data such that a transmission interval in the first direction is longer than a transmission interval in the second direction.
Method for supporting power saving mode and radio device therefor
A disclosure of the present invention provides a method for supporting a power saving mode (PSM) in a radio device. According to the method, the radio device may transmit a first message including a first activation time value to a network entity when the radio device requires the PSM. Then, the radio device may receive a second message including a second activation time value from the network entity. The radio device may enter a PSM state on the basis of the second activation time value. When it is necessary to stop the PSM or change the second activation time, the radio device may transmit a third message at the very time point.
System and method to facilitate hotspot onboarding for user equipment in a network environment
An example method is provided in one example embodiment and may include requesting, by a user equipment (UE), a profile associated with a subscriber that provides information to facilitate automatic association of the UE with one or more access points of a wireless network, wherein the requesting includes requesting the profile using a Generic Advertisement Service (GAS) Initial Request frame; and sending the profile to the UE using a GAS Initial Response frame. The method can include configuring a Vendor Specific Information Element (VSIE) within an Advertisement Protocol Identifier for the GAS Initial Request frame and configuring the VSIE to indicate an Access Network Query Protocol (ANQP) query for the profile. The method can also include configuring another VSIE within an Advertisement Protocol Identifier for the GAS Initial Response frame and configuring the VSIE to indicate an ANQP query response including the profile.
Subscriber identification management broker for fixed/mobile networks
The present invention relates to a method for managing the automatic provision of a subscriber network identifier from a central network server to a subscribed communication device, the method comprising receiving notification at the central server relating to a change in the current location for the subscribed device, and determining from the notification whether a new subscriber network identifier is to be provisioned from the central server. The method further comprises selecting a subscriber network identifier on the basis of the current location, if the determining step has determined that a new subscriber network identifier is to be provisioned, and outputting the selected subscriber network identifier for transmission to the subscribed device. The present invention also relates to managing the automatic connection of a subscribed communication device to a network, where a preferred network and preferred subscriber network identifier may be used.
Status monitoring of unconnected wireless broadcast devices
The system and method of the present disclosure relates to technology for monitoring a broadcast device that is non-network connected. A wireless device monitors for a broadcast message transmitted wirelessly by the broadcast device. Upon discovery of the broadcast message, the wireless device transmits information from the broadcast message to a remotely located sever via a network. The server stores the broadcast information and determines the status (e.g., online or offline) of the broadcast device. The status is determined based on the detection time (e.g., the last seen time of the broadcast device by the wireless device) and an offline threshold value (e.g., a predetermined time period) that is compared to the current time or time upon which the server received the broadcast information. As a result of the comparison, the server determines whether the broadcast device is online or offline.
Method, apparatus and system for acquiring system information
The embodiments of the present disclosure provide a method, an apparatus and a system for acquiring system information. The method for acquiring includes setting at least two indicators for indicating a system information update, the at least two indicators being corresponding to at least two User Equipments (UEs); and sending the indicators to the UEs, so that the UEs acquire system information according to their respective modification periods. Through the embodiments of the present disclosure, for example the MTC UE can acquire the latest system information in time, while ensuring that any extra and unnecessary acquisition of system information is not performed to reduce the power consumption of the MTC UE.
Dynamic and adaptive channel scanning
Methods and apparatus for dynamic, adaptive scanning of communication channels are provided. A device alternates between scan cycles and rest cycles. A scan cycle includes interleaved intervals of scanning and resting. A scan interval may involve active or passive scanning, and a rest interval may be active or inactive. An active rest interval is spent tending to a communication requirement other than scanning (e.g., an infrastructure connection, a peer-to-peer connection). An inactive rest interval may be spent in a low-power mode of operation. Rest cycles, like rest intervals, may also be active or inactive. Durations of rest cycles and rest intervals increase each time a scan cycle completes without detection of any significant event or signal (e.g., until they reach a maximum). Upon detection of a significant event, they decrease, possibly by being reset to default durations.
Generation and management of communication paths between information processing devices
An information processing device equipped with a communication unit and a control unit. The communication unit exchanges a signal for generation or updating of a multi-hop communication path using wireless communication with another information processing device. In addition, the control unit performs control such that, when there is path information regarding a communication path to another information processing device in a case in which the signal for generation or updating of a multi-hop communication path is transmitted to the other information processing device, the signal is transmitted to the other information processing device in unicast, and the signal is transmitted in broadcast.
Offloading method, user equipment, base station, and access point
The present invention discloses an offloading method, which includes: receiving, by user equipment, an offloading indication sent by a base station, where the offloading indication is used to indicate an access method for the user equipment to access an access point, the offloading indication includes a security parameter used by the user equipment and the access point to perform bidirectional authentication, the access point belongs to a wireless local area network, the base station belongs to a wireless cellular network, and the security parameter is further sent by the base station to the access point; and performing, by the user equipment, the bidirectional authentication with the access point according to the security parameter sent by the base station to the user equipment, so that the user equipment accesses the access point according to the access method and performs offloading to the wireless local area network.
Traffic steering method in wireless communication system and device supporting same
Provided are a traffic steering method performed by a user equipment (UE) and the user equipment using the method. The method receives traffic steering information from a first network and moves traffic from the first network to the second network on the basis of the traffic steering information, only when the traffic steering information satisfies a specific condition, wherein the specific condition is not separated from the first network, even if traffic indicated by the traffic steering information is moved to the second network.
Delegated channel switching for mesh-type networks
The disclosure describes is a channel switching strategy and corresponding protocol for a mesh network which comprises a segment controller (SC) and a large number of outdoor luminaire controllers (OLCs) or other network nodes. A channel switching process is initiated and managed by the SC which transmits a channel switching command to all nodes in the system. Following the actual channel switch, the SC delegate's responsibility to request an orphan node to switch to the new channel to a selected delegate node which is a neighbor node of the orphan node. The selection of the delegate node may be based on a prioritization. When an OLC does not receive any messages for a specified, prolonged period of time, it may scan available frequency bands to find the (new) channel in which the networked system operates at that time.
System and method for restricting mobility in wireless networks
This invention provides a method, system and apparatus for controlling mobility on a wireless network, which includes retrieving a network mobility preference, the network mobility preference indicating a level of mobility service for the mobile station, the level of mobility service indicating the extent to which the mobile station can handoff among base stations of the wireless network, and establishing a level of mobility service for the mobile station based on the retrieved network mobility preference. The method and apparatus may further include determining the level of mobility service for the mobile station to be fully or partially restricted based on the mobility preference.
Finer control of WLAN association for network-controlled LTE-WLAN internetworking
Apparatus and methods are provided for finer control for WLAN association. In one novel aspect, an enhanced NCWIK capability negotiation, an UE assistance information exchange, and an enhanced steering command are performed. In one embodiment, the enhanced NCIWK capacity negotiation includes additional UE information for fine selection. In another embodiment, the UE assistance information is sent to the eNB in addition to the measurement report. The UE assistance information is configured by the eNB. In yet another embodiment, the enhanced traffic steering command includes information of a target AP and one or more target channels. In one embodiment, the enhanced traffic steering command further includes channel direction information. In another novel aspect, the UE selects different UL and DL channels based on the received enhanced traffic steering command. In one embodiment, the UL and DL channels for the UE are different channels from the same AP or from different RATs.
Iteratively transmitting random linear network encoded packets from multiple transmission nodes
For random linear network encoded data transmission, a method communicates a Galois field to user equipment. In addition, the method receives a set of k data packets, wherein at least two of the k packets are of different packet lengths. The method further resizes the k data packets to generate k packets of equal packet length. The method encodes the k resized data packets from a first data ensemble into r random linear network coded (RLNC) packets as a function of the Galois field. The method further iteratively transmits the RLNC packets from two or more transmission nodes to the user equipment until the decode feedback indicates that a packet ensemble is decoded from the transmitted RLNC packets. Each RLNC packet is transmitted by a selected transmission node.
System and method of managing wireless communications with multiple transmission points
An apparatus includes a processor a channel state information (CSI) module operative on the processor to evaluate channel state information for a multiplicity of transmission points and to allocate a selection of channel state information reference signals (CSI-RS) to an uplink sub-frame allotted for transmitting channel quality/precoding matrix index/rank indicator (CQI/PMI/RI) information to a transmission point. The apparatus may further include a wireless transceiver operative to transmit the selection of CSI-RS in the uplink sub-frame to the transmission point in a wireless network, and receive information from the transmission point in response to the CSI-RS and a digital display operative to present the information received from the transmission point.
Method and apparatus for inter-frequency measurements in a communication network
In one aspect of the teachings herein, a wireless device operating in a wireless communication network determines the measurement rate to use for making inter-frequency measurements on a given frequency layer, based on a performance requirement specified for that layer. For example, the wireless device uses a higher measurement rate for a frequency layer that has a performance requirement that is higher than the performance requirement specified for another one of the layers on which it is to perform inter-frequency measurements. Correspondingly, in an example scenario, a network node sends measurement configuration information to a targeted device, where that information indicates the layers on which the device is to perform inter-frequency measurements and indicates the performance requirements corresponding to respective ones of those layers. By way of example, the network node may be a base station, a clay, or another wireless device.
Method and system for controlling radio parameter, network operation management apparatus, and radio station
A method and a radio parameter control system, as well as a network operation management apparatus and a radio station, are provided that enable optimization control for problems varying with sites of occurrence. Using location information at the time of measurement included in a measurement report from a radio terminal (30) located in a radio cell (C10), quality indicators based on measurement information acquired by the radio terminals or the radio station are compiled in association with areas (Ai), each of which is smaller than the radio cell (C10), and control of a radio parameter is performed in the radio cell or across a plurality of radio cells, based on a result of compilation of the quality indicators for each area.
Mitigation of signal conflict in wireless communication networks
Detection and mitigation of signal conflict, such as a primary synchronization signal conflict, between broadcast cells in a wireless communication network is provided. Multiple broadcast cells may be provided in the network to provide sectors of coverage. A mobile communication device may operate within the network and attempt to attach to one or more of the broadcast cells. A synchronization signal conflict between neighboring broadcast cells may be identified and mitigated using one or more adjustments to the broadcast cells or signals emitted therefrom, which may allow for improved network performance, among other benefits.
Determining an adjustment of a tilt angle for an antenna serving a vertically sectorized cell of a radio network
There is provided a method and an apparatus for determining an adjustment of a tilt angle (α1, α2) for a beam emitted from an antenna (130) of a base station (100) which is serving a vertically sectorized cell (150) of a cellular radio telecommunication network. The method comprises (a) configuring user equipments (162, 164) being located in the vertically sectorized cell (150) with dedicated measurements, (b) collecting the dedicated measurements for a specific time interval, (c) obtaining a spatial user equipment distribution among a first sector (152) of the cell (150) and a second sector (154) of the cell (150) based on the collected dedicated measurements, (d) ascertaining an optimized spatial overlap region between the first sector (152) and the second sector (154) based on the obtained spatial user equipment distribution, and (e) determining the adjustment of the tilt angle (α1, α2) based on the ascertained optimized spatial overlap region.
Interference coordination partnership establishment and termination
Coordination of interference handling may be beneficial in a variety of communication systems. In particular, enhanced inter-cell interference coordination may benefit from proper configuration and setup, as well as termination, of partnerships amongst base stations. A method can include determining at a first base station of an interference coordination partnership pair a corresponding partner base station of the pair. The partner base station may not be configured regarding the partnership pair. The method can also include setting up the partnership pair with the partner base station.
Secure device pairing
A machine readable quick response (QR) code or, if this fails, a human-readable passcode is presented on a display of a server device for scanning (or reading and human input) into a mobile device. The mobile device computes a response and returns it to the server. If the response is correct WiFi setup information, which can include PII, is exchanged in an encrypted form between the two devices to support subsequent WiFi communication.
Method to authenticate peers in an infrastructure-less peer-to-peer network
Methods, systems, apparatuses, and devices are described for authenticating in a network. A mobile device may establish a group account with an authentication server associated with the group. Upon successfully completing group account establishment, the mobile device receives a group authentication token that includes information associated with the authentication server, the group, the mobile device, a group key, versioning information, etc. The mobile device may use the group authentication token to authenticate with another mobile device that is a member of the same group. The versioning information may support backwards-compatibility between the group authentication tokens having different versions.
Method of managing subscriptions of users in a mobile telecommunications network
A method of managing access of users to services provided by a mobile telecommunications network, including: receiving from a user equipment of a user, which user equipment is capable of supporting communications with the mobile telecommunications network, a request of authentication in the mobile telecommunications network; authenticating the user equipment in the mobile telecommunications network; before the authenticating and in case it is assessed that the authentication request received from the user equipment is the first attempt of that user equipment to register in the mobile telecommunications network, creating, in a network subscribers profiles database, a default subscriber profile for that user equipment, wherein the default subscriber profile includes a predetermined subscriber charging value used by the network for charging the user of the user equipment, and a predetermined Access Point Name.
Providing service information based on a priority that is changed according to status of a service
An information processing device includes circuitry configured to acquire service information for a service from a first information processing apparatus, change a priority of the service based on a status of the information processing apparatus or a status of the service, and provide the service information to a second information processing apparatus based on the priority.
Mobile communication system, mobile station, switching station, and location registration method for mobile station
A mobile communication system includes a mobile station, a packet switching station, and a plurality of location registration devices that perform location management of the mobile station. With respect to the mobile station, after one location registration device is already selected from among the plurality of location registration devices, when the mobile station performs location registration, an NRI (Network Resource Identifier) included in a TMSI (Temporary Mobile Station Identifier) is transmitted to the packet switching station. The packet switching station makes a request for location registration with respect to the one location registration device, based on the NRI.
Radio communication system and radio communication apparatus
A radio communication system includes a plurality of radio communication apparatuses including an active scan terminal and a passive scan terminal. After transmitting a probe request frame from one frequency channel, the active scan terminal continuously transmits the probe request frame from other frequency channels without waiting for a response frame from the other radio communication apparatuses, thereafter transmits the probe request frame from a response channel, which is a waiting channel, and waits for a response from the passive scan terminal, and superimposes, on the probe request frame, information concerning an offset time to the response and information concerning the response channel, and, after receiving the probe request frame, after the elapse of the offset time to the response, the passive scan terminal transmits a response frame from a frequency channel designated by the response channel information.
Accommodating interference between wireless streaming and control protocols
Disclosed wireless systems, devices, and methods accommodate interference between different communication protocols. One illustrative wireless communications system embodiment includes: an accessory device and a media device. The accessory device supports a wireless streaming protocol and a wireless control protocol that interferes with the wireless streaming protocol. The media device intermittently communicates with the accessory device via the wireless control protocol while streaming an audio signal to the accessory device via the wireless streaming protocol, limiting a duration of each wireless control protocol communication interval to less than a guaranteed packet loss threshold (which exceeds twice the potential packet loss threshold) of the wireless streaming protocol. The devices may each include a radio module and a controller. The radio module operates in a first wireless mode to support the wireless control protocol, and operates in a second wireless mode to support the wireless streaming protocol, where the first modes are incompatible. The controller switches the radio module between the first and second wireless modes with a first mode duration less than a predetermined threshold.
Creation and use of mobile communications device identities
Systems and methods for creation of a device identity (ID) for mobile communications devices may capture equipment identification information and subscriber identification information for mobile communications devices and combine them to create a device identity for each pairing of equipment identification information and subscriber identification information captured. Such mobile communications devices, may be operating in association with a controlled-environment facility and the equipment identification information and subscriber identification information are captured by a controlled-environment facility mobile communications managed access system (central access point) and/or by a controlled-environment facility contraband mobile communications device assessment system (access point(s)). Thus, the device identity for each pairing of equipment identification information and subscriber identification information may be for mobile communication devices operating in association with the controlled-environment facility, including contraband communications devices operating within the facility.
Method for providing point of interest and electronic device thereof
A method of providing Point Of Interest (POI) information in an electronic device may include receiving information on an event, analyzing a text included in the information on the event and a location at which the information on the event is received, and controlling a display to display POI information based in part on a result of the analysis. According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, the method of providing the POI information in the electronic device may be implemented by the electronic device.
System and method of geo-locating mobile apparatus
A system and method are provided for determining a location of a mobile apparatus. The mobile apparatus can include a chassis, a communications module, and a controller including a processor and memory, wherein the processor is programmed to perform instructions that are stored in the memory. The instructions can include defining an offline perimeter surrounding the chassis, locating a chassis position in relation to the offline perimeter, and determining whether the chassis position is outside the offline perimeter. Upon making this determination, the processor is programmed to establish communication between the mobile apparatus and the central location via the communication module, receive an indication from a network that the chassis is located outside an online perimeter that is larger than the offline perimeter, and output a signal upon receiving the indication.
Methods, apparatuses, systems, and non-transitory computer readable media for sharing location information
A method of sharing, with one or more external devices, a location of a first device, includes transmitting a first location information signal to at least one external device; receiving a second location information signal from the at least one external device in response to the first location information signal; generating a location share window, the location share window including visual display of location information of the first device and the at least one external device, based on the first and second location information signals; measuring a desired time lapse period from a reference time point; and deleting the location share window when the measured time lapse period is greater than or equal to a first period, wherein the reference time point is a point in time when the location share window is created.
Systems and methods for connecting and communicating with others in a mobile device environment
A mobile device system is disclosed for defining a plurality of pre-defined geographical locations. The system provides that each of the plurality of pre-defined geographical locations is associated with a number of users of the mobile device system that are within one or more pre-defined geographical locations, and provides that each of the number of users may request that a particular one or more of the pre-defined geographical locations be activated, and provides that an activated pre-defined geographical location becomes activated when a minimum number of users send a ping signal from within the one or more pre-defined geographical locations.
Network assistance in groupcast transmission
A radio network node for assisting in groupcast transmission between a first user equipment capable of device-to-device operation, D2D UE, and a group of target D2D UEs. A target D2D UE, as well as methods therein are also provided. Coverage is increased by assisting in groupcast transmission coverage. Embodiments provide improved spectral efficiency and/or improved communication reliability.
Stand alone solution for location of a cellular phone
A method for locating of a wireless device, performed by a third party, comprising: communicating with the wireless device in a silent call, to compel the wireless device to continuously emit signals; activating a monitoring apparatus to monitor the signals emitted from the wireless device; resetting an idling timer means of the wireless device, such that the silent call is not ended by the wireless device; identifying a relative location from which the signals become stronger and locating the wireless device; and terminating the silent call.
Remote flood zone determination method, system, and computer program product
This patent discloses methods and systems for remotely requesting a flood zone determination from a mobile device such as a smart phone. The methods and systems use the GPS receiver in the mobile device to determine the exact latitude and longitude of the user's location, thus eliminating the need for geocoding, eliminating errors introduced by manual data entry, and eliminating the need for the time consuming manual determination processes required, for example, for non-standard-addressed locations and for structures located near a 100-year flood zone.
Electronic apparatus and method for identifying at least one pairing subject in electronic apparatus
An apparatus and a method for identifying at least one pairing subject in an electronic apparatus are provided. The method includes generating detection information of the electronic apparatus, receiving a beacon including detection information of at least one external electronic apparatus from the at least one external electronic apparatus, and identifying the at least one pairing subject among the at least one external electronic apparatus based on a result of comparing the received detection information with the generated detection information.
System and method for testing communication in a vehicle system
Communication methods and systems wirelessly communicate onboard messages between communication devices onboard the same vehicle. The communication devices can wirelessly communicate with other communication devices onboard other vehicles in a vehicle system for remote control of the vehicles. Receipt of the onboard messages at the communication devices is determined, and operative states of the communication devices are determined based at least in part on the receipt of the onboard messages at the communication devices. Determining these operative states in this manner can allow for an operator to identify communication faults with the communication devices prior to departing the vehicle.
A system and apparatus for remotely provisioning and operating a headless Wi-Fi IoT device is described that provides for automatic provision of the IoT device so as to connect the IoT device to a network.
Position-based gain adjustment of object-based audio and ring-based channel audio
The positions of a plurality of speakers at a media consumption site are determined. Audio information in an object-based format is received. Gain adjustment value for a sound content portion in the object-based format may be determined based on the position of the sound content portion and the positions of the plurality of speakers. Audio information in a ring-based channel format is received. Gain adjustment value for each ring-based channel in a set of ring-based channels may be determined based on the ring to which the ring-based channel belongs and the positions of the speakers at a media consumption site.
Immersive audio rendering system
A depth processing system can employ stereo speakers to achieve immersive effects. The depth processing system can advantageously manipulate phase and/or amplitude information to render audio along a listener's median plane, thereby rendering audio along varying depths. In one embodiment, the depth processing system analyzes left and right stereo input signals to infer depth, which may change over time. The depth processing system can then vary the phase and/or amplitude decorrelation between the audio signals over time to enhance the sense of depth already present in the audio signals, thereby creating an immersive depth effect.
Mass port plug for customizing headphone drivers, and related methods
A headphone includes an ear-cup housing and an audio driver. The audio driver has a driver housing, and a driver aperture extending through the audio driver from an exterior thereof toward a diaphragm. A mass port plug is disposed at least partially within the driver aperture extending through the audio driver. The mass port plug has an acoustic aperture extending through the mass port plug from a first side thereof to an opposing second side thereof, and the acoustic aperture is configured to cause the audio driver to exhibit a selected detectable sound pressure level (SPL) profile. Methods of fabricating headphones include insertion of such a mass port plug into a driver aperture extending through an audio driver. The mass port plugs and methods may be used to adapt substantially identical audio drivers for use in ear-cup housings having differing configurations while providing selected detectable sound pressure level profiles.
Method for the fitting of a hearing aid, a system for fitting a hearing aid and a hearing aid
A method for use in the fitting of a hearing aid comprises the steps of providing a sound recording of a user environment, feeding the sound recording to the hearing aid as a sound input signal (8a), processing the sound input signal according to a scheme defined by preselected settings of a number of parameters so as to provide a processed signal (8b), adjusting the setting of at least one parameter, performing a statistical analysis of the magnitude of the processed signal or of the input signal in at least one frequency band, which statistical analysis is reset when a parameter is adjusted during the fitting, and displaying a graphical representation (10, 11) of the results of said statistical analysis. The invention also provides a system for fitting a hearing aid and a hearing aid.
A hearing aid includes a shell for accommodation of a signal processor for processing an audio signal into a processed audio signal, and a receiver that is connected to an output of the signal processor for converting the processed audio signal into an acoustic sound signal, and a flexible elongated member with a first end attached to the shell, and a second free end, wherein the flexible elongated member comprises a lumen for housing a wire that is for providing current to an electronic device, the flexible elongated member having a shape for stabilizing the shell relative to a user's ear.
Methods and apparatus for reducing ambient noise based on annoyance perception and modeling for hearing-impaired listeners
Disclosed herein, among other things, are apparatus and methods for annoyance perception and modeling for hearing-impaired listeners. One aspect of the present subject matter includes a method for improving noise cancellation for a wearer of a hearing assistance device having an adaptive filter. In various embodiments, the method includes calculating an annoyance measure or other perceptual measure based on a residual signal in an ear of the wearer, the wearer's hearing loss, and the wearer's preference. A spectral weighting function is estimated based on a ratio of the annoyance measure or other perceptual measure and spectral energy. The spectral weighting function is incorporated into a cost function for an update of the adaptive filter. The method includes minimizing the annoyance or other perceptual measure based cost function to achieve perceptually motivated adaptive noise cancellation, in various embodiments.
A microphone includes a conducting vibrating diaphragm; a back plate opposed to the vibrating diaphragm and including a plurality of through holes; a first electrode formed in a middle of the back plate; a second electrode formed at an edge of the back plate; and a support portion located between the first electrode and the second electrode for supporting the vibrating diaphragm when the vibrating diaphragm is electrified. When the sound pressure is applied in the middle of the vibrating diaphragm and drives the vibrating diaphragm to deform, the middle of the vibrating diaphragm moves relative to the first electrode, and the edge of the vibrating diaphragm moves relative to the second electrode, at this time, the first electrode and the second electrode generate reversed electric signals.
Generation of audio and ultrasonic signals and measuring ultrasonic response in dual-mode MEMS speaker
A MEMS speaker that includes a control unit and multiple MEMS elements that include a membrane positioned in a first plane, a blind that is positioned in a second plane and a shutter that is positioned in a third plane. The control unit is configured to control the multiple MEMS elements to operate in an audio output mode or an ultrasonic output mode. The MEMS speaker is configured, when operating in the ultrasonic output mode, to oscillate at least one of the membrane, blind and shutter thereby generating an ultrasonic signal without audio-modulating the ultrasonic signal. The MEMS speaker is configured, when operating in the audio output mode, to oscillate the membrane thereby generating the ultrasonic signal and oscillate at least one of the shutter and the blind thereby modulating the ultrasonic acoustic signal to generate an audio signal.
A headphone is disclosed that includes a headband and a pair of sound emitting units. The headband is a band-shaped body that is curved in an arch shape. The sound emitting units each have a flat shape and are disposed at both ends of the headband. The sound emitting units each include a piezoelectric actuator of a flat film shape disposed on a flat plane of a sound emission housing of a flat shape. The piezoelectric actuator includes a piezoelectric film made of an organic piezoelectric material such as PLLA, and first and second driving conductors disposed on opposing principal planes of the piezoelectric film.
A miniature speaker includes a frame and a vibrating system accommodated in the frame. The vibrating system includes a diaphragm fixed on the frame and a voice coil for driving the voice diaphragm to vibrate. The speaker further includes a magnetic circuit system. The diaphragm includes a first suspension positioned at a middle portion thereof, a second suspension positioned at an edge thereof, and a dome connecting the first suspension with the second suspension; and the magnetic circuit system is connected with the first suspension and is suspended in the frame by the first suspension.
The present invention relates to a loudspeaker which can be arranged to minimise its overall depth while also increasing the breakup frequency and reducing potential rocking vibrations. Accordingly, the present invention is directed to a loudspeaker, comprising a magnet structure, and a voice coil lying within a magnetic field established by the magnet structure and responsive to electrical signals to undergo excursions from a rest position along an axis of motion; a driven body, connected to the voice coil and moveable to project acoustic waves from a front of the loudspeaker; and a suspension for providing a restoring force to the driven body towards the rest position, the suspension extending from an attachment point on the driven body to an attachment point on a fixed portion of the loudspeaker; wherein the driven body comprises a diaphragm and a support structure extending rearwardly from a connection point with the voice coil to a connection point with the suspension located rearward of the frontal part of the magnet structure.
Temperature stable membrane plate structure for a loudspeaker
The present invention relates to a membrane plate structure for generating sound waves. The membrane plate structure comprises a first skin layer, a second skin layer, a foam core layer which is interposed between the first skin layer and the second skin layer, and two binding layers. At least one of the first skin layer and the second skin layer is attachable to a vibrating element for generating sound waves. The elastic modulus of the core layer and its density are lower than the elastic modulus and the density of the first skin layer and the second skin layer, so that a sandwich structure is achieved. The Young modulus and the shear modulus of first skin layer, the second skin layer, the core layer and the binding layers are not variating between each other of more than 30% between a temperature 20° C. and 150° C., particularly between 20° C. and 170° C., more particularly 20° C. and 180° C.
Spatial headphone transparency
Digital audio signal processing techniques used to provide an acoustic transparency function in a pair of headphones. A number of transparency filters can be computed at once, using optimization techniques or using a closed form solution, that are based on multiple re-seatings of the headphones and that are as a result robust for a population of wearers. In another embodiment, a transparency hearing filter of a headphone is computed by an adaptive system that takes into consideration the changing acoustic to electrical path between an earpiece speaker and an interior microphone of that headphone while worn by a user. Other embodiments are also described and claimed.
Sensor arrangement having an optimized group delay and signal processing method
In various embodiments, a circuit arrangement is provided. The circuit arrangement includes a sensor set up to provide an analogue signal, an analogue/digital converter set up to receive the analogue signal and to provide a first signal, and a first filter set up to receive a signal based on the first signal and to provide a second signal. The first filter is set up in such a manner that the second signal is allowed through without amplification or substantially without amplification in a frequency range of approximately 20 Hz to approximately 10 kHz, and the second signal has a gain of greater than 0 dB at least above a predefined frequency which is greater than approximately 20 kHz.
Voice signal extraction and input apparatus for smart device
A voice signal processing device connected to a smart device is provided. The voice signal processing device is connected to a smart phone, a tablet computer or the like and includes a voice signal input and output function mounted thereon. The voice signal processing device returns a sound generated by the smart device or a sound generated from the exterior into the smart device as a high-quality sound and is configured to extract a voice signal from a wire coupled to the smart device and the ear receiver and configured to input the extracted voice signal into the input terminal of the microphone of the smart device. A voice signal output from the smart device is configured to be extracted and conveniently input into the smart device and loss and distortion is minimized in the process of extracting and returning the voice signal.
Earpiece positioning and retaining
A positioning and retaining structure for an in-ear earpiece. An outer leg and an inner leg are attached to each other at an attachment end and attached to a body of the earpiece at the other end. The outer leg lies in a plane. The positioning and retaining structure have a stiffness that is greater when force is applied to the attachment end in a counterclockwise direction in the plane of the outer leg than when force is applied to the attachment end in a clockwise direction in the plane of the outer leg. The positioning and retaining structure position an earpiece associated with the earpiece in a user's ear and retains the earpiece in its position.
Wireless sound equipment
A portable sound equipment including a main body including an upper case and a lower case; a speaker hole formed in a top surface of the upper case; a speaker module secured to an inner surface of the upper case and adjacent to the speaker hole; a wireless communication unit transceiving data wirelessly; and a main board mounted in an internal space of the lower case and separated from the speaker module and controlling the output of the speaker module based on a signal received by the wireless communication unit.
Device having a composite acoustic membrane
An electronic device having a composite acoustic membrane to inhibit water ingress and to allow sound transmission, is disclosed. Embodiments include an electroacoustic transducer within an encased space of a casing, and a composite acoustic membrane between the electroacoustic transducer and an acoustic port in the casing. The acoustic membrane may include a nonporous region at least partly covering the acoustic port, and a porous region to vent the electroacoustic transducer volume to the encased space and/or to an environment surrounding the casing. Other embodiments are also described and claimed.
Automated customization of loudspeakers
A loudspeaker includes a horn including a first end panel, a second end panel, a first side panel, and a second side panel. Edges of at least the first and second side panels define a diffraction slot opening. The first and second side panels are each fabricated from a sheet of flexible material held in a stressed, curved shape by at least a rigid support member. The panels are designed by an automated process based on a number of electro-acoustic transducers to be used in a loudspeaker, horizontal and vertical coverage angles for the loudspeaker, and a wall length for a horn of the loudspeaker.
Systems and methods for in-home and on-the-go targeted content delivery
A method and apparatus for streaming content is disclosed. A streamer (155) detects a cue for a break in a segment of the program content, wherein the cue includes an identification of an advertising provider associated with the break. The streamer sends, to an advertisement server (115), a request for content associated with the advertising provider, and receives, from the advertisement server, an advertisement associated with the advertising provider. Further, the streamer transcodes the advertisement based on configuration information of an additional device (165) to generate formatted content viewable on the additional device. Moreover, the streamer streams the formatted content to the additional device via the local connection.
Scheduling and presenting IPG ads in conjunction with programming ads in a television environment
A method and system whereby conventional television advertisements (i.e., those delivered to viewers while they watch television programming) can be delivered in conjunction with and correlated with advertisements that are presented to viewers in the Interactive Program Guide (IPG). Moreover, the invention described herein provides for delivering highly targeted ads to viewers in both conventional programming avails and in the IPG, and for linking the targeted ads in these two media to provide for enhanced and highly effective advertising campaigns.
Method and apparatus for distributing video
A method and apparatus for distributing live video to multiple client devices is provided herein. In particular, a router is provided that acts on behalf of all client devices in its network. The router serves multiple groups of client devices with each group being formed by client devices having similar bandwidth requirements. The router then requests and receives video chunks from a network. The router then redistributes the video chunks to the multiple client devices using a multicast transmission. In particular, to minimize the demands on the core network, the router sets up a separate multicast to each group. Live video, of the appropriate quality is then multicast to each group.
Information processing apparatus, television receiver, information processing method, program, and information processing system
There is provided an information processing apparatus including an operation section which performs remote control of a television receiver, and a content information acquisition section which acquires content information related to content provided by the television receiver, and causes a storage section to store the content information.
Systems and methods for providing remote access to interactive media guidance applications
Methods and systems for remotely accessing user equipment implementing an interactive media guidance application are provided. In particular, a method includes the steps of receiving user equipment identification information and receiving a user request from a user device indicating instructions for the user equipment. The user request is cross-referenced with an action request in a user equipment format selected from a plurality of formats to be compatible with the user equipment. The action request is transmitted for receipt by the user equipment for enabling execution of the indicated instructions.
Polls for media program moments
A method at a computer system includes: receiving a request from a user device for presenting a poll based on a broadcast program being viewed by a user of the user device, the request corresponding to a triggering event detected by the user device, the triggering event being initiated by the user on the user device; receiving from electronic devices search queries related to the broadcast program; identifying automatically popular moments of the broadcast program based on at least a corresponding history of search queries related to the broadcast program including the received search queries related to the broadcast program; generating a poll including one or more questions related to the broadcast program, the questions being populated based on the popular moments; and sending the generated poll to the user device configured for display by the user device, wherein the poll is configured to be actionable by the user.
Apparatus, systems and methods for synchronizing calendar information with electronic program guide information
Systems and methods of media devices are operable to receive appointment information from an electronic device, wherein the appointment information is defined by a time period for a scheduled appointment for a user, and wherein the scheduled appointment requires the user to be at a remote location that is remote from a location of the media device such that the user is unable to manually operate or use their media device. The media device is configured to automatically modify at least one operation of the media device based on the received appointment information that is associated with the scheduled appointment.
Systems and methods for assessing viewer interest in content and advertisements
A method for assessing viewer interest in content and advertisements may include receiving an indication regarding a content playback mode change (e.g., a change from a skip or fast-forward mode to a pause or rewind mode) occurring during playing of a media content segment such as a television program or movie. The method then proceeds to associate the playback mode change with a sub-segment of the television program, such as an advertisement or commercial, and a level of interest of a user in the advertisement or commercial is determined based on the associated content playback mode change. An item, such as an advertisement or promotional offer can be selected to be presented to the user based on the determined level of interest of the user in the advertisement or commercial. Systems for assessing viewer interest in content and advertisements include devices and components configured to perform or enable such methods.
Audience attendance monitoring through facial recognition
In accordance with some implementations, a method for measuring viewership of media content is disclosed. The method is performed on a client system. The client system captures visual data of one or more users of the client system with the camera. The client system then analyzes the captured visual data to determine a facial image for each respective user of the one or more users. Based on the facial image, the client system then determines if a respective user is a participant in a media viewership study. In accordance with a determination that the user is a participant in the media viewership measurement study, the client system determines the media content being presented. The client system creates viewership data based on the user and the media content being displayed in the proximity of the user and transmits viewership data to a server system.
Method and apparatus for outputting supplementary content from WFD
A method and apparatus for outputting a supplementary content from a WFD is disclosed. The method for outputting a supplementary content from a WFD may comprise the steps of: after a WFD source is connected to a WFD, transmitting, by the WFD source, an RTSP parameter request message on the basis of an RTSP to a WFD sink in order to perform a capability negotiation procedure with the WFD sink; transmitting, by the WFD source, an RTSP parameter response message to the WFD sink in response to the RTSP parameter request message; and after performing the capability negotiation procedure, transmitting, by the WFD source, a transmission stream, obtained by overlapping and multiplexing a video stream including video data having a first resolution and a supplementary stream including supplementary data having a second resolution, to the WFD sink, wherein a WFD discovery response frame includes second resolution-related information for determining the second resolution, and an RTSP parameter response frame includes the second resolution-related information.
Content supply apparatus, content supply method, program, terminal apparatus, and content supply system
The present disclosure relates to a content supply apparatus, a content supply method, a program, a terminal apparatus, and a content supply system that allow to quickly check content delivered in DASH. A content supply apparatus of the present disclosure includes: a combining unit that generates mosaic CH streaming data by disposing and combining together video of a plurality of pieces of content delivered through viewing channels; a mosaic CH segment stream generating unit that generates a mosaic CH segment stream switchable to/from another mosaic channel at a minimum delay time, based on the mosaic CH streaming data; a USD generating unit that generates a USD having introduced therein a mosaic element related to a screen configuration of the mosaic CH segment stream; and a multicasting unit that multicasts the mosaic CH segment stream and the USD. The present disclosure can be applied to a system that streams content.
Fingerprint-based inter-destination media synchronization
Methods and systems for inter-destination synchronization in first and second receivers for content parts associated with a play-out timeline are disclosed. First timing information comprising first content part identifiers and associated first clock times may be determined, where the first receiver may receive a first content part identifier comprising first fingerprints for identifying a first content part in a first media stream. Second timing information comprising second content part identifiers and associated second clock times may be determined, where the second receiver may receive a second content part identifier identifying a second content part in a second media stream based on the first and second timing information. A timing difference in processing a content part in the first and second media streams may be calculated. Based on the timing difference, synchronization information for inter destination synchronization between said first and second streams may be generated.
Methods, devices and systems for audiovisual synchronization with multiple output devices
Methods, devices and systems are provided for provisioning an output device for use with a media device to produce synchronized audio and video portions of media content. An exemplary method involves a media device identifying a device type associated with the output device, obtaining synchronization settings for the device type from a server via a network, and presenting audiovisual content in accordance with the synchronization settings obtained from the server.
Field-programmable low-noise block downconverter
A field-programmable low-noise block downconverter. The low-noise block downconverter may, as part of a system install or upgrade for example, be programmed in the field to source channels containing programming to a particular television receiver based on the particular configuration of the receiver.
Systems and methods for audio object delivery based on audible frequency analysis
A system for audio object delivery based on audible frequency analysis comprises a network server comprising non-transitory memory storing an application that, in response to execution, the network server: ingests a plurality of audio clip messages that each comprise metadata and an audio clip file. For at least one audio clip message, the network server reduces the audio clip file to a predefined time length, creates a plurality of time bins, determines that a first time bin and a second time bin correspond with a trigger sound frequency, generates a spectral flatness value, determines a frequency band identifier, and appends the generated spectral flatness value and the frequency band identifier to the audio clip message. The network server assigns the appended audio clip message to a voice matrix, identifies user equipment based on the voice matrix, and initiates delivery of an audio object to the identified user equipment.
Method and apparatus for encoding/decoding images considering low frequency components
The method performed by an apparatus for encoding a current block, includes: generating a predicted block by predicting the current block; generating a residual block of the current block by subtracting the predicted block from the current block; partitioning the residual block into a plurality of subblocks having various sizes, and transforming each of the subblocks by using a transform unit of a size identical to each of the subblocks, to thereby generate transform blocks of the subblocks; quantizing the transform blocks; and encoding transform coefficients of each of the quantized transform blocks.
Video data decoding method and video data decoding apparatus
Disclosed is a method and apparatus for decoding video data. The method for decoding video data includes receiving coded video data including multi-view video data and depth data corresponding to the video data, acquiring motion data for inter-view prediction of a coding unit of the coded video data from the depth data, and performing inter-view prediction based on the motion data, and restoring video data according to the multi-view video data including the coding unit and the depth data based on the motion prediction.
Decoded picture buffer management
Techniques are described related to output and removal of decoded pictures from a decoded picture buffer (DPB). The example techniques may remove a decoded picture from the DPB prior to coding a current picture. For instance, the example techniques may remove the decoded picture if that decoded picture is not identified in the reference picture set of the current picture.
Image coding method and image coding apparatus
An image coding method includes: selecting a first picture from plural pictures; setting a first temporal motion vector prediction flag which is associated with the first picture and is a temporal motion vector prediction flag indicating whether or not temporal motion vector prediction is to be used, to indicate that the temporal motion vector prediction is not to be used, and coding the first temporal motion vector prediction flag; coding the first picture without using the temporal motion vector prediction; and coding a second picture which follows the first picture in coding order, with referring to a motion vector of a picture preceding the first picture in coding order being prohibited.
High layer syntax for temporal scalability
Disclosed are techniques for temporal scalable video coding. By including a temporal_switching_point_flag and/or a temporal_nesting_flag into a normative part of the scalable bitstream, reference picture management in decoder can be simplified, and media-aware network elements and decoder can easily identify those pictures from which onward a higher temporal layer can be added.
Methods and apparatus for video encoding and decoding binary sets using adaptive tree selection
Methods and apparatus are provided for encoding and decoding binary sets using adaptive tree selection. In one exemplary encoding method embodiment, picture data is encoded for a block in a picture; in which one of a plurality of trees structures is selected to code a binary set of data for indicating coefficient significance for the block. In another exemplary encoding method embodiment, picture data is encoded for a block in a picture, in which one or more trees are used to encode a binary set of data for indicating coefficient significance for the block, the one or more trees each having a plurality of nodes, at least one of the nodes of the one or more trees being modified responsive to at least one parameter.
Method, medium, and system encoding and/or decoding moving pictures by adaptively applying optimal prediction modes
A method, medium, and system encoding and/or decoding a moving picture. The moving picture encoding method may include selecting a prediction mode that is optimal for the macro blocks, which correspond to each other, of the color components of a current image based on the characteristics of a predetermined image, generating a predicted image for the current image according to the selected prediction mode, and encoding a moving picture using the predicted image. An optimal prediction mode can be adaptively applied to the macro blocks, which correspond to each other, of the color components, thereby increasing the moving picture's encoding and decoding efficiencies.
Method and apparatus for effective encoding/decoding using detailed predictive unit
An apparatus for encoding images includes: a predictor to determine a prediction unit (PU) mode among a plurality of PU modes indicating types of partition of a current coding unit (CU) into one or more prediction units (PUs), and generate a predicted block of the current CU by performing an intra prediction or an inter prediction for each PU of the determined PU mode, wherein a size of the current CU is 2N×2N, and the plurality of PU modes includes 2N×hN or hN×2N PU mode in which the current CU is partitioned into PUs respectively having a size of 2N×hN or hN×2N, h being a fractional number smaller than 1; a subtractor to subtract the predicted block from the current CU to generate a residual block; a transformer to transform the residual block into a frequency domain to generate a frequency one or more transform blocks.
Image decoding apparatus, image decoding method, integrated circuit, and program
An image decoding device is provided that decodes, without an increase in the circuit size, a coded video sequence including a large-size block. The image decoding apparatus includes: a block division unit which divides a current block that is to be decoded and is included in a picture of the coded video sequence, into sub-blocks; an image obtainment unit which obtains, for each of the sub-blocks, image data corresponding to the sub-block from a recording medium; a prediction unit which generates, for each of the sub-blocks, a predicted image of the sub-block, based on the image data obtained by the image obtainment unit; and a reconstruction unit which reconstructs each of the sub-blocks, by adding the predicted image generated for the sub-block to the sub-block.
Generating a 3D video of an event using crowd sourced data
Generating 3D content is described. A method includes identifying a group of videos of an event. The method includes detecting a first reference point in a first video and a second video from the group of videos. The method also includes creating a first three dimensional video frame based on a first video frame of the first video and a second video frame of the second video using the first reference point. The method further includes creating a second three dimensional video frame based on a third video frame of the first video and a fourth video frame of the second video using a second reference point. The method includes creating a three dimensional video by combining the first three dimensional frame and the second three dimensional frame in a sequential order based on respective timestamps of the first three dimensional frame and the second three dimensional frame.
Device for generating depth information, method for generating depth information, and stereo camera
A device for generating depth information includes a plurality of light sources, an image capture unit, a control unit, and a processing unit. Each light source of the plurality of light sources emits a corresponding intensity light. The control unit controls the each light source of the plurality of light sources to emit the corresponding intensity light in turn, and controls the image capture unit to capture a plurality of images corresponding to the plurality of light sources. The processing unit generates a plurality of depth information corresponding to the plurality of light sources according to the plurality of images corresponding to the plurality of light sources and a background image after the image capture unit captures the plurality of images corresponding to the plurality of light sources and the background image.
Camera pose estimation apparatus and method for augmented reality imaging
An apparatus for providing an estimate for a 3D camera pose relative to a scene from 2D image data of a 2D image frame provided by the camera is provided, the apparatus using four types of observations: (a) detected 2D-3D point correspondences; (b) tracked 2D-3D point correspondences; (c) motion model observations; and (d) edge observations.
Method and apparatus for playing video
A method of playing video on an electronic device is provided. The method includes playing a video in a first mode, detecting attribute information of the video as the video is being played in the first mode, changing the first mode to a second mode based on the detected attribute information, and playing the video in the second mode.
Signaling warp maps using a high efficiency video coding (HEVC) extension for 3D video coding
Techniques are disclosed for view generation based on a video coding scheme. A bitstream is received that is encoded based on the video coding scheme. The bitstream includes video, quantized warp map offsets, and a message of a message type specified by the video coding scheme. Depth samples decoded from the first bitstream are interpreted as quantized warp map offsets, based on a first syntax element contained in the message. Warp maps are generated based on the quantized warp map offsets and a second syntax element contained in the message. Views are generated using image-domain warping and based on the video and the warp maps.
Method and device for decoding and encoding supplemental auxiliary information of three-dimensional video sequence
Provided are a method and device for decoding and encoding supplemental auxiliary information of a three-dimensional video sequence. The method includes: obtaining supplemental auxiliary information for constructing a stereo-pair from a three-dimensional video sequence bitstream, the supplemental auxiliary information being used for indicating that the stereo-pair is constructed from a reconstructed three-dimensional video sequence, and the reconstructed three-dimensional video sequence being obtained by decoding the three-dimensional video sequence bitstream. The present invention solves the technical problem in the prior art that degraded displaying quality of a constructed stereo-pair appears because of the lack of supplemental auxiliary information in a three-dimensional video sequence bitstream, and achieves the technical effect of improving the display quality of a constructed stereoscopic video.
Determining stereo distance information using imaging devices integrated into propeller blades
A propeller provided on an aerial vehicle may include a digital camera or other imaging device embedded into a surface of one of the blades of the propeller. The digital camera may capture images while the propeller is rotating at an operational speed. Images captured by the digital camera may be processed to recognize one or more objects therein, and to determine ranges to such objects by stereo triangulation techniques. Using such ranges, a depth map or other model of the surface features in an environment in which the aerial vehicle is operating may be defined and stored or used for any purpose. A propeller may include digital cameras or other imaging devices embedded into two or more blades, and may also use such images to determine ranges to objects by stereo triangulation techniques.
Video surveillance systems, devices and methods with improved 3D human pose and shape modeling
A video surveillance system, device and methods may accurately model the shape of a human object monitored by a video stream. 3D human models, such as a coarse 3D human model and a detailed 3D human model may be estimated by mapping individual body part components to a frame. For example, a coarse 3D human model may be obtained by mapping the cylindrical body parts to a plurality of skeleton pose estimates on a part by part basis. A detailed 3D human model may be estimated by mapping detailed human body parts to respective the cylindrical body parts of the coarse 3D human model on a part by part basis. The detailed 3D human model may be used to detect accessories of the human object being monitored, as well as overall dimensions, body part dimensions, age, and gender of the human object being monitored.
Method for reducing speckle effect
According to the present invention there is provided a method of reducing speckle in a primary light spot which is projected onto a surface by a projection device which comprises a laser, wherein a primary light spot is defined by two or more secondary light spots, the method comprising the steps of (a) consecutively providing the laser with “n” different input currents so that the laser consecutively outputs “n” different light beams, wherein each one of the “n” different light beams defines a secondary light spot on the surface, wherein “n” is an integer value greater than one; and (b) superposing the secondary light spots. There is further provided a corresponding method of projecting a pixel.
Projection display apparatus and projection display method
Display an image by adjusting upper limit of brightness of the image projection light. Here, determine the target value, according to analysis result of the image data, for the detected brightness of the image projection light, and adjust the upper limit of brightness of the image projection light to cause the detected brightness to approach the target value.
System and method for interactive video conferencing
A networked communication session is defined vis-à-vis parameter information received from a first device, and access to the networked communication session is provided to the first device. Access to the networked communication session is further provided to each of additional device(s) in accordance with information associated with each of the additional device(s). A composited interactive audio/video feed is generated and transmitted that comprises audio/video input received during the networked communication session from each of the devices. Each of the devices is configured via a gesture-based user interface to enable user-based selection and respective manipulation of at least a portion of the composited audio/video feed that results in a customized representation of the composited audio-video feed at a particular one device that is not represented at a particular other of the device(s).
Information processing apparatus, communication system, and information processing method
An information processing apparatus includes: a transmitter to transmit content data to one or more counterpart information processing apparatuses through a network to have a communication with the one or more counterpart information processing apparatuses, the content data being at least one of image data and audio data; a receiver to receive, from a first information processing apparatus of the one or more counterpart information processing apparatuses, a recording start notification indicating that the first counterpart information processing apparatus starts recording or is recording the content data that is transmitted from the information processing apparatus, the recording start notification being transmitted with first identification information of the first counterpart information processing apparatus that is recording; and circuitry to output, based on the recording start notification, notification information indicating that recording of the communication is being performed, in association with information regarding the first counterpart information processing apparatus.
Overt and covert capture of images of controlled-environment facility residents using intelligent controlled-environment facility resident communications and/or media devices
A controlled-environment facility resident communication and/or media device enables a controlled-environment facility resident to carry-out one task on the device, and provides a visual indication, to the resident, that an overt image and/or video is being captured during this task. Conversely, a covert image and/or video of a user is captured while the controlled-environment facility resident communication and/or media device is in use for another task, without providing the user the same or other visual indication that the covert image is being captured.
Apparatus, systems and methods for accessing missed media content
Systems and methods are operable to retrieve at least a portion of a missed media content event. An exemplary embodiment detects an occurrence of a failed recording of at least a portion of a media content event of interest; transmits a notification of the detected occurrence of the failed recording of the at least the portion of the media content event of interest from a media device to a replacement content device; and receives, at the media device, at least a portion of missed media content corresponding to at least the portion of the media content event of interest that failed to record.
Method and apparatus for image content detection and image content replacement system
A subject (10), such as a billboard, has a filtering film (15) to absorb electromagnetic radiation specifically in a first wavelength band. A detector (60) provides a first detector signal (61a) relating to the first wavelength band and a second detector signal (61b) relating to another, different, second wavelength band, respectively. Suitably, the subject (10) appears with high intensity in one band and with low intensity in the other. A content replacement unit (40) produces a mask signal (43) by identifying regions of contrast between the first and second detector signals (61a, 61b) as target areas (75). A content substitution unit (47) selectively replaces the target areas (75) with alternate image content (42) to generate modified video images (72). The system is useful, for example, to generate multiple live television broadcasts each having differing billboard advertisements.
Solid state imaging device and imaging system which reduces noise caused by magnetic field fluctuation
Provided is a solid state imaging device including a plurality of pixels, a signal line on which a pixel signal is transmitted, a load transistor having a drain connected to the signal line, a readout circuit that reads out the pixel signal from the signal line, and a control unit that controls a current flowing in the load transistor in accordance with a potential of a control terminal. When a reference potential of the pixel fluctuates relatively to a reference potential of the readout circuit, a potential of the control terminal relative to a potential of a source of the load transistor is changed in a same phase with a fluctuation of the reference potential of the pixel.
Imaging systems with high dynamic range and phase detection pixels
A pixel may include an inner sub-pixel group and an outer sub-pixel group. The inner sub-pixel group may have a smaller light collecting area than the outer sub-pixel group and therefore be less sensitive to light than the outer sub-pixel group. This may enable the pixel to be used to generate high dynamic range images, even with the sub-pixel groups using the same length integration time. The inner sub-pixel group may be nested within the outer sub-pixel group. Additionally, one or both of the inner sub-pixel group and the outer sub-pixel group can be split into at least two sub-pixels so that the sub-pixel group can be used to gather phase detection data. Adjacent pixels may have sub-pixel groups split in different directions to enable detection of vertical and horizontal edges in a scene.
Time spaced infrared image enhancement
Techniques using small form factor infrared imaging modules are disclosed. An imaging system may include visible spectrum imaging modules, infrared imaging modules, and other modules to interface with a user and/or a monitoring system. Visible spectrum imaging modules and infrared imaging modules may be positioned in proximity to a scene that will be monitored while visible spectrum-only images of the scene are either not available or less desirable than infrared images of the scene. Imaging modules may be configured to capture images of the scene at different times. Image analytics and processing may be used to generate combined images with infrared imaging features and increased detail and contrast. Triple fusion processing, including selectable aspects of non-uniformity correction processing, true color processing, and high contrast processing, may be performed on the captured images. Control signals based on the combined images may be presented to a user and/or a monitoring system.
Activity surface detection, display and enhancement
Activity surface detection, display, and enhancement implementations are described. In an example implementation, a method determines, using a processor of a computing device, a traceable image and presenting the traceable image in an interface on a display of the computing device; captures, using a video capture device coupled to the computing device, a video stream of a physical activity surface proximate to the computing device; anddisplays, on the display of the computing device, the captured video stream overlaid with the traceable image in the interface.
Real time video system with high dynamic range
Embodiments of the invention disclose a video imaging system. The system comprises a mechanism to operate in a first capture mode capture a first image sequence comprising images taken at a first exposure and at a first frame rate; a mechanism to perform a detecting operation to detect clipping in said first image sequence a mechanism to selectively switch to operating the video imaging system in a second capture mode to capture at least one additional image sequence comprising images taken at a different exposure, if clipping is detected; and a mechanism to perform a merging operation to merge the image sequences to produce high-dynamic range video.
Electronic camera having multiple sensors for capturing high dynamic range images and related methods
A camera has two distinct image sensor arrays. The image sensor arrays are at least one of different types and different resolutions. The image sensor arrays have different dynamic ranges such that one of the image sensor arrays is a high dynamic range image sensor array configured to capture a wider range of light intensity than the other of the image sensor arrays. The camera has an imaging mechanism configured to combine information collected by each of the image sensor arrays to produce a high dynamic range image. The image sensor arrays include one low resolution image sensor array having a high dynamic range, and one high resolution image sensor array having a normal dynamic range smaller than the high dynamic range wherein luminance values within the normal dynamic range represent a subset of luminance values within the high dynamic range.
Image processing device, image processing method and program
An image processing device may include a control unit. The control unit may be operable, in a first mode, to control display on a display screen of a representative image of a group of images and, in a second mode, to control display on the display screen of an image of the group of images corresponding to a posture of the device. In addition, the control unit may be operable to switch between operation in the first mode and the second mode.
Image processing apparatus and image processing method for processing still image data
An imaging processing apparatus includes a frame position determining unit configured to specify during a reproduction of developed first moving image data a frame position in the first moving image data of an image designated during the reproduction of the first moving image data by a user as an image to be extracted as a still image, a developing unit configured to read out undeveloped image data at a frame position adapted to the frame position specified by the frame position determining unit from undeveloped second moving image data corresponding to the first moving image data and develop the undeveloped image data, a still image encoding unit configured to compression encode the image data developed by the developing unit into a still image data, and a recording unit configured to record the still image data obtained by being compression encoded by the still image encoding unit onto a recording medium.
Method of reducing a video file size for surveillance
To generate a compressed video having a reduced video file size, an original video having a plurality of images are captured. Each of the plurality of images are compared. If images of the plurality of images are determined to be redundant images, the images are deleted. The original video having the redundant images removed is saved to form the compressed video.
Camera device and image storage method
A image storing apparatus and method is provided for storing live view image in a camera device with the indication of the progress of storing the image. The method includes displaying a live view image in a preview mode; capturing the image in response to a capture request; processing a preconfigured image to generate an animation image, the animation image indicating progress of storing the captured image; and displaying, when the captured image is completely stored, a thumbnail image of the captured image instead of the animation image.
Panoramic view imaging system
Example apparatus and methods acquire individual images under a variety of different operating parameters. Example apparatus and methods then piece together strips of images from the individual images. Example apparatus and methods then produce a panoramic image from the strips of images. A strip of frames is produced without using a hemispherical mirror and thus accounts more accurately for issues associated with making a two dimensional representation of a three dimensional spherical volume. Images are acquired using different imaging parameters (e.g., focal length, pan position, tilt position) under different imaging conditions (e.g., temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, pan rate, tilt rate). Example apparatus and methods correct images using correction data that is related to the operating parameters.
Stitching for a multiple imager video system based on a non-linear seam
In one embodiment, there is provided a method for stitching left images P from a first imager with right images Q from a second imager thereby to produce stitched video images, the method comprising: for each current frame N: calculating a spatial distortion Spatial(i,j) for each pixel in a region of overlap between an image PN corresponding to the frame N and an image QN corresponding to the frame N; calculating a temporal distortion Temporal(i,j) for each pixel in said region of overlap; determining a minimal cost path for traversing the region of overlap from top to bottom, wherein said minimal cost path comprises a pixel from each row in said region of overlap; and setting said minimal cost path as a seam for stitching images PN and QN together to form a composite image CN.
Focus adjusting apparatus, focus adjusting method, image capturing apparatus, and storage medium
A focus adjusting apparatus detects a first area of a subject and reliability of a tracking position from an image signal output from an image sensor on which a subject image is formed by an optical system, detects focus states of focus detection areas based on the image signal, determines an in-focus area for which focus adjustment of the optical system is to be performed, predicts a focus state in next focus detection based on a history of focus states of the in-focus area, and selects a second area from the focus detection areas. The first area is determined as the in-focus area in a case where a state in which the reliability is higher than a predetermined first threshold continues for a predetermined time period or longer, and the second area is determined as in-focus area otherwise.
Method and system for image processing to detect salient objects in image
Various aspects of a system and method for image-processing are disclosed herein. The method, implemented in an image-processing device, comprises computation of an average bin value of a histogram for a first color channel of an image. The histogram includes a plurality of bins with a pre-determined bin size, based on pixel values of the first color channel. An adaptive threshold step size is determined for each bin in the histogram, based on a ratio of a bin value of each bin of the plurality of bins and the computed average bin value of the histogram. The method further includes computation of a set of Boolean maps that correspond to a set of threshold values, based on the adaptive threshold step size for each bin. A saliency map is generated based on the computed set of Boolean maps.
Dynamic optical shift/tilt lens
Camera modules that may be dynamically adjusted during capture of an image. The camera may include a sensor that captures images using line scan imaging or other scanning technologies. A controller may dynamically control adjustment or movement of the camera lens by an actuator as an image is scanned by the sensor. The lens may be controlled to be in different positions and in different orientations in relation to the sensor as different lines or areas of pixels of the sensor are read. When capturing an image, a region of the sensor may be read, the lens may be adjusted, and a next region of the sensor may be read according to a pattern. Different focus, depth of field, perspective, and other effects may be achieved at different areas or regions of the image during image capture.
Transmission of image data and camera management commands
In one example, a system for modifying transmission of image data includes a processor to detect a camera management command to transmit to an image sensor via a camera serial interface link. The processor can also transmit the camera management command to the image sensor via the camera serial interface link, and receive image data from the image sensor via the camera serial interface link.
Camera peripheral device for supplemental audio capture and remote control of camera
A peripheral device (e.g., a small wearable device) may operate in conjunction with a camera to enable in-the-moment capture and control. The peripheral device may receive voice commands and uses voice recognition to generate a control signal to control the camera, thereby enabling users to freely participate in their activities while seamlessly controlling the camera in a hands-free manner. Additionally, the peripheral device may operate as a wireless microphone source to capture high quality audio for instead of or in addition to audio captured by the camera. This may provide improved audio quality in certain operating conditions such as during narrating and interviewing.
Optoelectronic surveillance system with variable optical field
Optoelectronic surveillance system, comprising an acquisition unit including at least one sensor mounted behind a zoom having a group of movable lenses at the front and a group of fixed lenses at the rear, defining at least one first space in convergent rays, and a control unit connected to the acquisition unit and to a rotary optical element arranged so as to rotate about a first axis and secured to a drive member controlled by the control unit in order to modify a field perceived by the sensor independently of a movement of the acquisition unit about the first axis. The optical element is a first transparent plate mounted in the first space so as to rotate about the first axis, and the drive member is arranged so as to rotate the first plate in two opposite directions.
Image processing apparatus with removal of under-color background image, method of controlling the same, and storage medium
Under-color removal of show-through background from a scanned original, so as to retain chromatic highlights of the scanned image of the original. An under-color level defines a value at which signals having a higher luminance than a luminance of the under-color level are converted into white. Before under-color removal, and based on the scanned image of the original, an achromatic color is converted into a color closer to white than the under-color level for an achromatic color closer whose luminance falls in a specified range lower than the luminance of the under-color level; and a chromatic color is converted into a chromatic color having a lower luminance than the luminance of the under-color level for a chromatic color in the specified range. Under-color removal of the converted achromatic and chromatic colors is thereafter applied using the under-color level, by which signal values having a higher luminance than a luminance of the under-color level are converted into white.
Image forming apparatus supporting near field communication (NFC) function and method of setting an image job using NFC device
An image forming apparatus supporting a near field communication (NFC) function and a method of performing setting an image job by using an NFC device. The method includes tagging an NFC device to receive setting information stored in the NFC device and performing an image job based on the received setting information.
Information processing device with substitute requesting part for sleep mode, information processing system, server and non-transitory recording medium
An information processing device that communicates with a server on Internet over a local network, having: a session establishing part that establishes a session that enables a communication with said server over said local network; a periodic communicating part that establishes periodic communications at a predetermined time interval with said server to maintain said session; a power controller that stops a power supply to said periodic communicating part if a predetermined condition to enter sleep mode is met; and a substitute requesting part that requests another device installed on said local network to establish the periodic communication with said server that should be established by said periodic communicating part for said periodic communicating part when said power controller enables said information processing device to enter sleep mode.
Automatic paper selection for custom media sizes
An image production device includes a processor, media feed trays having media size sensors, and a marking device. A scanner connected to the processor, scans images on a two-dimensional document and determines one dimension of the document. The processor automatically determines dimensions of media in the media feed trays and compares the dimensions of media in each of the media feed trays to the one dimension of the document. Responsive to the one dimension of the document matching one of the dimensions of the media in one of the media feed trays, the processor identifies a matching feed tray based only on one dimension of the document in the scanner. Media is automatically selected from the matching feed tray and fed to the marking device. The marking device renders images on the media selected from the matching feed tray. The processor outputs the media containing the images.
Hinge apparatus for cover of image forming apparatus
A hinge apparatus for a cover of an image forming apparatus has a hinge body with supporting brackets, movably inserted into a coupling hole positioned in a main body of the image forming apparatus, a hinge cam connected to the cover and pivotably connected to the supporting brackets, and a pressure device disposed at the hinge body to press the hinge cam. Accordingly, the hinge apparatus can be implemented with a simple and easy assembly operation, since it is not a complicated structural connection among the component parts of the hinge apparatus.
Display input device for creating and registering a workflow and image forming device equipped with the same
A display input device is provided that is capable of improving user convenience. A control part of the display input device causes a display input part to display a workflow creation and registration screen, which is prepared for creating and registering a workflow, to receive operations for creating and registering the workflow, the workflow being a combination of basic and combination functions and including data that is indicative of each of a first function that is the basic function selected as a function to be registered, a setting content of the first function, a second function that is the combination function selected as a function to be registered, and a setting content of the second function.
Operation unit and image forming apparatus
An image forming apparatus includes a panel portion connected with a control portion of an apparatus body and being capable of executing at least one of functions of displaying information obtained from the control portion and of inputting information to the control portion, and an antenna capable of transmitting/receiving radio waves to/from a mobile terminal brought close to the antenna. The NFC substrate can make communication between the mobile terminal brought close to the antenna and the control portion by a near field communication system. The antenna is provided under and in a vicinity of the panel portion in a front view of the panel portion.
Information processing apparatus for setting image-quality adjusment information and image forming apparatus management system including the same
A server is connected to an image forming apparatus in such a manner that communication is possible, the image forming apparatus forming an image in accordance with image-quality adjustment information that is set therein. The server includes a setting-information creating unit that creates, from the image-quality adjustment information including setting information and status information, the image-quality adjustment information having been set in a machine to be replaced, and from status information in image-quality adjustment information that has been set in the image forming apparatus that is an adjustment target, setting information to be included in the image-quality adjustment information of the image forming apparatus; and a communication processing unit that transmits the created setting information to be included in the image-quality adjustment information of the image forming apparatus to be set in the image forming apparatus.
Information processing apparatus, information processing system, and control method for generating a preview image of print data
An information processing apparatus includes a receiver configured to receive a print job from a client device; a preview image generator configured to generate a preview image of a print data item included in the print job; and a transmitter configured to transmit the generated preview image to an image forming apparatus. The preview image generator limits the generation of the preview image of the print data item based on a page condition when a first print language is used in the print data item, and the preview image generator limits the generation of the preview image of the print data item based on a time condition when a second print language is used in the print data item.
Geo-redundant PCRF MRA with MPE allocation via IMSI hashing and IP indexed table
A system includes a wireless access network, a gateway that controls communications between the wireless access network and a packet data network, and a policy-charging-and-rule-function (PCRF). The PCRF includes a routing agent in communication with the gateway and a group of multi-media processing engines (MPEs) that are associated with the routing agent. The routing agent receives from the gateway a request to establish a session for a piece of user equipment, and selects one of the MPEs to handle the session based on an IMSI of the piece of user equipment. The routing agent maintains a table indexed by IP address, and makes an entry therein that points to the selected MPE.
Mobile device usage optimization
Systems and methods for mobile device usage optimization are described herein. These methods can include automated mobile device usage data collection, analysis, usage optimization through device level pooling, reallocation, and/or other device plan optimizations.
Method and system for providing sponsored service on IMS-based mobile communication network
The present invention relates to a method and a system for providing a sponsored service on an IMS-based mobile communication network, and comprises the steps of: a sponsored service client transmitting to a sponsored service server a sponsored service start request message; the sponsored service server determining the validity of the sponsored service after receiving the start request message; transmitting to the sponsored service client a sponsored service start acceptance message when the sponsored service server determines the sponsored service as valid; generating a sponsored service between the sponsored service client and an Internet service provider server; the sponsored service server generating charged fee information and transmitting the charged fee information to an authentication/authorization/accounting (AAA) server, when the sponsored service client requests termination of the sponsored service; and terminating the sponsored service session. According to the present invention, the sponsored service, in which a third paπy Internet service provider can pay the cost using the mobile communication network instead of a wireless user equipment subscriber, can be provided, and the quality of the service can be dynamically controlled from the point the Internet service is provided.
System and method for monitoring communications in a network
Methods and systems are described for monitoring communications in a packet-switched network. More specifically, the system initiates a communication between a network endpoint associated with a call mediator and at least a second network endpoint; records, at the call mediator, information associated with the communication; and upon termination of the communication, communicates, from the call mediator to an enterprise gatekeeper, the information associated with the communication.
Agent interaction with a party using multiple channels of communication
Various embodiments of the invention provide methods, systems, and computer program products for allowing an agent to interact with a party using multiple channels of communication. A notification is received of a communication involving a party that uses a first channel of communication. In response, a first communication session is identified that involves a series of communications between the party and an agent using a second channel of communication different than the first channel of communication. Furthermore, a communication assembly linked with the first communication session is identified that represents an interaction taking place between the agent and the party. Accordingly, a second communication session is begun for the communication and is linked with the assembly. The communication is then routed to the agent so that the agent can interact with the party over the first channel of communication while interacting with the party over the second channel of communication.
System and method for anticipating and preloading data in a customer contact center
A method for anticipating and preloading data in a customer contact center, the method comprising: monitoring, by a processor, an interaction of an agent of the customer contact center, with an agent device, during a communication session with a customer of the customer contact center; anticipating, by the processor, data to be accessed during a communication session; pre-loading, by the processor, the data in a memory device; detecting, by the processor, a request for the data; and providing, by the processor, the data for output on the agent device in response to the request.
Transcription of communications through a device
A method to transcribe communications is provided. The method may include obtaining first communication data during a communication session between a first communication device and a second communication device and transmitting the first communication data to the second communication device by way of a mobile device that is locally coupled with the first communication device. The method may also include receiving, at the first communication device, second communication data from the second communication device through the mobile device and transmitting the second communication data to a remote transcription system. The method may further include receiving, at the first communication device, transcription data from the remote transcription system, the transcription data corresponding to a transcription of the second communication data, the transcription generated by the remote transcription system and presenting, by the first communication device, the transcription of the second communication data.
Determining porting histories for telephone numbers
Systems and methods for constructing the porting history for a telephone number, and identifying porting information at certain points in time for the telephone number. For example, in some embodiments, the systems and methods receive a query for porting history information associated with a telephone number and access an object database of objects that represent telephone numbers and associated information for the telephone numbers, where the database stores data representative of events over a time period that occurred with respect to the telephone number. Via the accessed information, the systems and methods generate a timeline for the telephone number based on information stored by the object database, where the generated timeline is separated into time periods representative of the events that occurred with respect to the telephone number, and construct a porting history record for the telephone number that is based on the timeline generated for the telephone number. The systems and methods may then provide the porting history record to the requesting party.
System and method for providing contextual information about the caller to make the conversation meaningful
The present invention relates to a system and method for providing contextual information about the individual to make the conversation meaningful. For this purpose, the system comprises a device for receiving call from the individual, an external system for collecting information from various third party Information Service Providers like Email servers, Social Networks, Enterprise Software Solutions, Content Websites, Search services, Directory services, etc., for which the user who is being called has given access to and provides to the user the collected relevant information in a form so as to have a meaningful conversation with the individual. The system also saves the conversation discussed over the call once the call is disconnected.
Vehicle control device
A vehicle control device includes: a carry-in state determination device that determines whether a portable terminal device to be carried into a vehicle is already carried into the vehicle; a pending process determination device that, when the carry-in state determination device determines that the portable terminal device is already carried into the vehicle, determines whether the portable terminal device has a pending process that is held in an unexecuted state; and a pending process control device that, when the pending process determination device determines that the portable terminal device has the pending process, enables the pending process to be executed by the portable terminal device in the vehicle.
Method for real time displaying information and mobile communication terminal
The embodiment of the present invention discloses a method for real-time displaying information and a mobile communication terminal. The method includes: searching multiple kinds of attribute information of a current communication object in the mobile communication terminal upon communication of the mobile communication terminal; determining at least one kind of attribute information of the multiple kinds of attribute information changed in a server; acquiring the changed attribute information from the server, so as to update the multiple kinds of attribute information; and displaying the updated multiple kinds of attribute information on a communication interface of the mobile communication terminal according to a preset display format. The embodiment of the present invention may reduce the user's operations, make the display of the information more consistent and facilitate browsing information for a user.
Device capable of notifying operation state change thereof through network and communication method of the device
A method of notifying an operation state change of a device is provided. The method includes receiving a message by a first device; identifying, by the first device, that a second device is currently connected to the first device through a network; and transmitting, by the first device, information regarding the message to the second device. The information is displayed on a display unit of the second device.
Network device and method for processing a session using a packet signature
A method processes a session having a first session packet received by a current node in an IP network having a plurality of nodes. The plurality of nodes includes a next node, and the current node that communicates with the next node using a Layer 3 protocol. The method receives the first session packet, which has a digital signature, payload data, and meta-data, at the current node. The method uses the payload data and meta-data to produce validation information, and uses the digital signature to produce a comparator digital signature. Next, the method compares the validation information with the comparator digital signature. If the validation information does not match the comparator digital signature, then the method discards the first session packet. If there is a match, then the method digitally signs the first session packet, and routes the first session packet to the next node via the IP network.
GRE message encapsulation method, decapsulation method, and corresponding devices
Methods and devices for Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) message encapsulation and decapsulation are provided. The encapsulation method includes: performing attribute setting on predetermined bits of a GRE message header according to a preset encapsulation rule during GRE message encapsulation of an original message; and performing GRE message encapsulation on the attribute-set GRE message header and the original message. The decapsulation method includes: performing decapsulation analysis on predetermined bits of a header of a GRE message according to a preset decapsulation rule when the GRE message is received; and performing decapsulation on the received GRE message to obtain an original message in the received GRE message according to an analysis result. Correspondingly, the encapsulation device includes a setting module and an encapsulation module; and the decapsulation device includes an analysis module and a decapsulation module.
Method and apparatus for indicating a frame type using a preamble
Disclosed are a method and an apparatus for indicating a frame type using a physical layer convergence protocol header. A method for determining a frame type using a PLCP header may comprise: a step of demodulating a frame type contained in an SIG of the PLCP header so as to acquire information indicating a physical service data unit (PSDU) of a frame; and a step of acquiring frame information required for demodulating the frame contained in the SIG dependently on the information indicating PSDU. Thus, unnecessary information may not be additionally demodulated to thereby improve demodulation efficiency and reduce unnecessary power consumption.
System and devices facilitating dynamic network link acceleration
A peer to peer dynamic network acceleration method and apparatus provide enhanced communications directly between two or more enhanced devices, such as enhanced clients. The enhanced clients may comprise a front-end, a back-end, or both. In general, the front-end and back-end of the enhanced clients work in concert to translate data into an enhanced protocol for communication between the enhanced clients. The enhanced protocol may provide acceleration, security, error correction, and other benefits. Data from various applications may be seamlessly translated between a first protocol and the enhanced protocol, such that the applications need not be modified to use the enhanced protocol. The enhanced clients may automatically detect one another to establish an enhanced communications channel automatically.
System and method for utilizing a data reducing module for dictionary compression of encoded data
A system, medium and method of performing dictionary compression is disclosed. A first data segment received at a receiver device (RD) from a transmiter device (TD) is selected A global bloom filter of the TD is queried to determine if the RD has a stored copy of a first plurality of content data bytes and corresponding first identifier and data length information for the first data segment. A first encoded data packet is prepared and sent which includes the first identifier and data length information without the first plurality of content data bytes. The RD utilizes the received first identifier and data length information to retrieve the first plurality of content data bytes associated with the first data segment from the RD's data store and decodes the first data segment to include the first plurality of content data bytes.
Systems and methods of address book management
A server comprising a processor circuit and a database may receive address book data comprising information associated with at least one contact from a communication device via a network. The processor circuit may identify information associated with the at least one contact in the database and/or from public data. The processor circuit may add the identified information to the address book data. The processor circuit may store the address book data with the added information in the database and send the added information with or without the address book data to the communication device via the network.
Apparatus, systems and methods for automatic distributed application deployment in heterogeneous environments
Embodiments disclosed facilitate distributed orchestration and deployment of a cloud based distributed computing application. In some embodiments, a first deployment context associated with a cloud based application may be determined. The first deployment context may comprise a plurality of rules, where each rule may specify conditions for applying configurations to resources associated with the cloud based application. The conditions specified by the plurality of rules may be evaluated and configurations of the resources associated with the cloud based application may be determined. In some embodiments, the deployment of the cloud based application on a first cloud may then be orchestrated based, in part, on the first deployment context, by configuring the resources associated with the cloud based application based on the previously determined configurations of the resources.
Dynamic workflow generation
Systems and methods which implement dynamic workflow generation and related processes are provided. The method is implemented in a computer system. The method includes providing a message panel, which provides linking functionality to link together a plurality of tasks to respective users assigned to complete each task; linking the message panel to a subject topic such that each of the tasks and respective users is linked to the subject topic; sending, in a single electronic communication action, the plurality of tasks assigned to the respective users within the message panel; receiving real-time status data of each of the tasks assigned to the respective users; mapping, within a database, the real-time status data of the plurality of tasks to the linked subject topic; and generating a summary for the tasks linked to the subject topic based on the mapping of the real-time status.
Integrated scheduling of general messages and time-critical messages
A method, apparatus, and scheduling system for managing a mix of time-critical messages and general messages. Messages, which are referenced by message identifiers stored in a transmission queue buffer, are scheduled for transmission using a schedule configuration table. The schedule configuration table defines an order for processing a mix of time-critical messages and general messages. The messages are scheduled according to the characteristics for time-critical messages and general messages defined in columns of configuration tables and status tables. The messages that have been scheduled are transmitted from an end system in which the time-critical messages are prioritized during transmission over the general messages.
Scalable management of composite data collected with varied identifiers
Techniques and a system are provided for a profile manager system that stores multiple profiles. These profiles are used by a content selection system to match entities to content for which the entities would be best suitable. The profile manager system allows a content selection system to identify, in response to a request associated with an entity, different pieces of data from different data sources and match the different pieces of data when the difference pieces of data refer to the same entity. The profile manager system may also provide merging of the different pieces of data, when they are matched as referring to the same entity.
Token based dynamic cache-busting
A device may receive a request for a page. The page may include a content identifier that is associated with referencing first content for the page. The content identifier may be associated with cache-busting being performed. The device may determine modification information associated with the first content based on receiving the request for the page. The device may generate a token based on the content identifier and the modification information. The device may generate a tokenized content identifier based on the token and the content identifier. The device may provide the tokenized content identifier. The tokenized content identifier may be associated with referencing the first content for the page.
Users are provided with improved control over important business, personal, and other confidential data that is stored on computing devices by providing proxy data that may be provided in lieu of actual device data. In certain implementations, when an application installed on a computing device requests access to the data stored on the computing device, the user is presented with three options. The user can grant the request, deny the request, or fulfill the request using proxy data. In various implementations, proxy data has a format and structure compatible with the requested device data, but contains different values. Additional implementations are described that allow a user to use proxy data for part of a data set, or for portions of particular records within a data set.
Operating a vehicle wireless access point to selectively connect to wireless vehicle devices
A system and method for operating a wireless device installed in a vehicle. The method carried out by the system includes: determining one or more services utilized by the wireless device; receiving a signal indicating one or more services currently available from a wireless access point installed in the vehicle; determining if the one or more services utilized by the wireless device are currently available from the wireless access point; and based on the determinations deciding whether to connect the wireless device to the wireless access point or, if already connected, whether to disconnect so as to free up the wireless access point for use by other wireless devices on the vehicle.
Matching storage resource packs to storage services
Methods, apparatus and computer program products implement embodiments of the present invention that include receiving, by a first computer in communication with a storage system, multiple resource packs, each of the resource packs including a plurality of attributes for storage resources on the storage system. Upon the first computer receiving a request from a second computer for a storage service, one or more of the received resource packs are identified that have respective attributes matching the storage service, a given identified resource pack is selected and the given identified resource pack is conveyed to the second computer. In some embodiments, the given identified resource pack can be conveyed by conveying an allocation request to the storage system for a portion of the given identified resource pack, and in response to the request, the storage system can allocate the requested portion of the given identified resource pack to the second computer.
Roaming of note-taking application features
Methods are disclosed for managing configuration variables and settings within a note-taking application such that application features are adjusted globally across an entire note-taking application regardless of the particular device from which application content is accessed. The configuration variables and settings may pertain to any or all of a variety of application features such as but not limited to adjustment of client, user and content-specific configuration options.
Method and M2M gateway for managing data of terminal peripheral
Disclosed is a method for managing data of a terminal peripheral, the method includes: a Machine to Machine/Man (M2M) gateway collects, stores, processes and forwards data of the terminal peripheral and/or a group of terminal peripherals according to a strategy; wherein the strategy is issued by an M2M application or an M2M service platform or is configured locally at the M2M gateway; the strategy includes at least a data collection strategy, a data storage strategy, a data processing strategy and a data forward strategy. Further disclosed is an M2M gateway for managing data of a terminal peripheral, configured to collect, store, process and forward data of the terminal peripheral and/or a group of terminal peripherals according to a strategy. By means of embodiments of the disclosure, managerial functions of the M2M gateway are perfected, thereby performing efficient management of data of the terminal peripheral.
Data volume auto-repair based on volume degradation level
A method for performing auto-repair of a data volume may include determining a number of unavailable shards from a plurality of shards associated with a data volume. The plurality of shards may be stored in a plurality of data centers. The data volume may be erasure-coded with a total of N shards and can be reconstructed using at least K available shards out of the N shards. The unavailable shards may be filtered to exclude shards that have been unavailable for less than a threshold amount of time. For each of the plurality of data centers, a total number of unavailable shards may be determined if the data center is disabled. The total number of unavailable shards may be based at least in part on a number of shards associated with the data volume and stored at the data center, and a number of the filtered unavailable shards stored at the remaining plurality of data centers.
Information presenting method
An information presenting method of providing presentation information to a terminal apparatus includes acquiring user schedule information in which at least one event is registered by a user for each date and time; searching for a free time after a current time, in which no event is registered, on the basis of the user schedule information; and generating the presentation information including information indicating a benefit which the user is capable of receiving in the free time in a facility that provides a service and transmitting the presentation information to the terminal apparatus at a timing when the free time starts.
Associative summing for high performance computing
Apparatus, systems, and methods are described, including apparatus that includes one or more communication interfaces for communicating over a communication network, and a processor. The processor is configured to receive, via the communication interfaces, a plurality of numbers, and calculate a sum of the numbers that is independent of an order in which the numbers are received, by (i) converting any of the numbers that are received in a floating-point representation to a derived floating-point representation that includes a plurality of signed integer multiplicands corresponding to different respective orders of magnitude, and (ii) summing the numbers in the derived floating-point representation, by separately summing integer multiplicands that correspond to the same order of magnitude. Other embodiments are also described.
Terminal emulation over HTML
A method for converting data between two data transfer protocols is described. The method includes receiving first HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) enabled data from a first computer system. The method also includes converting the first HTTP-enabled data obtained from the first computer system to first remote terminal session data. The method also includes sending the first remote terminal session data to a second computer system via a remote terminal session.
Device and method for processing slice data
The present disclosure discloses a device and method for processing slice data. The method comprises: sending a download request for slice data adjacent to the newest continuous data to a server, determining whether or not a adjacent slice interval is filled with the slice data returned by the server; if yes, inserting the returned slice data into a database, setting the displaying mark thereof as valid, setting the displaying mark of downloaded data between the adjacent slice interval and the next slice interval to the adjacent slice interval as valid, and deleting the adjacent slice interval from the database; if not, inserting the returned slice data into the database, setting the displaying mark thereof as valid, and amending the border of the adjacent slice interval. The technical scheme of the present disclosure can obtain slice data from the server and fill the slice data in a corresponding slice interval according to a recorded slice interval set, and the data displayed to users is always the newest continuous data.
Method for a connector providing transactional interoperability to multiple messaging providers to multiple application servers using the same implementation
A system includes a resource adapter module in the form of executable code by a processor, the resource adapter module to, interact with an application running on an application server by receiving calls from applications, and provide communication between the application and any JMS provider by relaying the calls to the JMS provider.
Method and a system for smooth streaming of media content in a distributed content delivery network
A method and a system for smooth streaming of media content in a distributed content delivery network, including encoding original media files; providing the encoded original media files to an indexer entity; calculating, the indexer entity, index jump tables for all the encoded original media files; ingesting the index jump tables and the encoded original media files to an origin server; requesting an end user to a SSS a stream fragment; retrieving, the SSS from the origin server, a specific index jump table associated to the requested stream fragment, and using the table to find out and retrieve, from the origin Server, a needed encoded original media file block; and retrieving, the SSS, the requested stream fragment out of the encoded media file block, and sending the requested stream fragment to the end user.
Triggering of notifications in a communications network
A method of triggering a notification in a communications network method comprises specifying at least one computer device as a recipient device for the notification. The method further comprises triggering a rendering of the notification on the specified recipient device, wherein the notification has associated therewith a notification duration that is based on a current operational context of the notification. Furthermore, a network server and a computer system for triggering a notification in a communications network are defined.
Predictive management of offline storage content for mobile applications and optimized network usage for mobile devices
There are provided a system, a method and a computer program product for controlling one or more media files in a mobile device. The system predicts a future usage of the media files. The system ranks each media file according to a likelihood that the each media file is processed at a time and a location associated with the predicted future usages. The system preemptively downloads the media files to a local data storage device of the mobile device, according to the ranking. There are also provided a system, a method and a computer program product for using one or more networks for a mobile device. The mobile device downloads an amount of data while the mobile device is connected to the first pre-determined wireless network. The mobile device configures certain applications in the mobile device to use the second pre-determined wireless network.
Streaming data on data processes
A method, system and computer program product for servicing media content. In one embodiment, the media content is processed by having each of a group of services process increments of the media content, one increment at a time; and the order in which the services process these increments is orchestrated to process all of the media content in accordance with a defined procedure. In one embodiment, the increments of the media content are passed, one increment after another, to at least a plurality of the services in a defined order. In an embodiment, each time one of the plurality of services passes one of the increments of the media content to a subsequent one of the services in the defined order, the one of the plurality of services requests another increment of the media content from a preceding one of the services in the defined order.
Sharing video footage from audio/video recording and communication devices
Sharing video footage recorded by audio/video (A/V) recording and communication devices, such as video doorbells and security cameras. When an A/V recording and communication device records video footage of suspicious activity, or even criminal activity, a user viewing the footage may alert his or her neighbors by sharing the video. In various embodiments, the user may share the video with anyone of the user's choosing, including neighbors, friends, and family.
Real-time statistical analysis on high speed streaming data
A method for analyzing streaming data includes providing a streaming accumulator comprising an addition module and two multiplexers, receiving one or more data streams, continuously calculating a set of basic statistical elements, receiving a request to calculate a set of statistical descriptors, calculating the set of statistical descriptors, and providing the set of statistical descriptors. An apparatus for analyzing streaming data includes a first multiplexer configured to receive a first summation, a second summation, and a current data item, and forward the first summation on cycles 1 and 3, forward the second summation on cycle 4, and forward the current data item on cycle 2, a second multiplexer configured to receiver the second summation, a third summation, and a previous data item, and forward the previous data item on cycles 1 and 3, forward the second summation on cycle 4, and forward the third summation on cycle 2.
Methods and systems for accessing relevant content
A server system receives a first request for access to content items from a user device associated with a user. In response to the first request, links to a plurality of content categories are sent for display on the user device. The content categories include a plurality of content items. Furthermore, a first group of content items determined to be relevant to the user is identified in accordance with one or more relevance criteria. The first group of content items includes a first subset of the plurality of content items. In response to the first request, links to the first group of content items are sent for display on the user device in addition to the plurality of content categories.
Collaborative project management
There are provided collaborative project management systems and method. Such a system includes a hardware processor, and a system memory having stored therein a collaboration module including a master project application corresponding to a collaborative project, a visual effects application, and a multi-user collaborator application. The hardware processor is configured to execute the collaboration module to process a change data corresponding to an update to the collaborative project, assign control of the master project application to the visual effects application, transform the change data into a visual effect, and produce a modification to the master project application based on the visual effect. The hardware processor is also configured to execute the collaboration module to transfer control of the master project application to the multi-user collaborator application, and to provide a master change data for updating user applications utilized by respective remote users, based on the modification.
Personal network access control system and method
A server is provided that includes a processor such that for a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) request containing a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) identifying the first device, the processor is programmed to promote adding a URI and redirecting the SIP request to a second device. The added URI used by the second device to invoke a Personal Network Management (PNM) Controller function.
Threat engagement and deception escalation
Provided are methods, network devices, and computer-program products for a network deception system. The network deception system can engage a network threat with a deception mechanism, and dynamically escalating the deception to maintain the engagement. The system can include super-low, low, and high-interaction deceptions. The super-low deceptions can respond to requests for address information, and requires few computing resources. When network traffic directed to the super-low deception requires a more complex response, the system can initiate a low-interaction deception. The low-interaction deception can emulate multiple devices, which can give the low-interaction deception away as a deception. Hence, when the network traffic includes an attempted connection, the system can initiate a high-interaction deception. The high-interaction more closely emulates a network device, and can be more difficult to identify as a deception. The high-interaction deception can fully engage a network threat, and can be initiated only as needed.
System and method for operating protection services
A method and system for operating protection services to provide defense against cyber-attacks. The comprises generating a workflow scheme assigned to at least one protected entity, wherein the workflow scheme includes at least one operation regimen and triggering criteria associated with the at least one operation regimen; monitoring at least a plurality of protection resources to detect at least one trigger event; determining if the at least one detected trigger event satisfies the triggering criteria associated with the at least one operation regimen; and changing a state of the at least one operation regimen when the at least one detected trigger event satisfies the at least one triggering criterion, thereby causing provisioning and operating of at least one protection resource of the plurality of protection resources, wherein the provisioning is based on contents defined in the at least one operation regimen.
Real-time regular expression search engine
In a malware detection device, first characters in a network traffic flow are compared with a plurality of entries within a ternary content addressable memory (TCAM), the plurality of entries including a first entry that constitutes a first segment of a malware signature. In response to an output from the first TCAM indicating that the first characters match the first entry, a variable-character expression engine determines whether second characters in the network traffic flow match a first variable-length regular expression, the variable-length regular expression corresponding to a second segment of the malware signature. A comparand value is generated that includes third characters in the network traffic flow and an expression-match value that indicates whether the second characters match the first variable-length regular expression. The TCAM compares the first comparand value with the plurality of entries therein as part of a determination whether the network traffic flow contains the malware signature.
Blocking intrusion attacks at an offending host
A method, apparatus, and program product are provided for protecting a network from intrusions. An offending packet communicated by an offending host coupled to a protected network is detected. In response to the detection, a blocking instruction is returned to the offending host to initiate an intrusion protection operation on the offending host, where the blocking instruction inhibits further transmission of offending packets by the offending host. At the offending host, a blocking instruction is received with a portion of an offending packet. The offending host verifies that the offending packet originated from the host. In response to the verification of the offending packet originating from the host, an intrusion protection operation is initiated on the host thereby inhibiting transmission of a subsequent outbound offending packet by the host.
Methods and systems for a portable data locker
The embodiments provide for binding files to an external drive, a secured external drive, or portable data locker. The files are bound in order to help restrict or to prevent access and modification by certain computers or users. Computers or users that are authorized or within the authorized domain are permitted full access. The files stored on the external drive may be bound in various ways. The files may be encapsulated in a wrapper that restricts the use and access to these files. The bound files may require execution of a specific application, plug-in, or extension. A computer may thus be required to execute program code that limits the use of the secured files. In one embodiment, the external drive provides the required program code to the computer. In other embodiments, the required program code may be downloaded from a network or provided by an external authority.
Methods, systems, and computer program products for providing communications services
An aspect of providing communications services to Internet Protocol-enabled devices includes storing, in an account of the subscriber, a globally unique identifier for each of a plurality of the devices associated with the subscriber. For each of the devices, the globally unique identifier is appended to a network address of the subscriber in the account, where each of the devices is uniquely addressable via the appended globally unique identifier and network address. An aspect also includes provisioning a subscriber-selected communications service for the account, and assigning to the account subscriber-selected permissions for defining access to features of the communications service for individuals specified in the account with respect to a corresponding device. The permissions are assigned based on a combined user identifier and corresponding globally unique identifier. An aspect further includes providing the communications service to the individuals associated with the account subject to the permissions.
Communication apparatus, communication control method, and computer-readable recording medium
A communication apparatus includes a first communication unit that transmits connection data of a second network to an electronic device by way of a first network, a second communication unit that communicates with the electronic device by way of the second network in accordance with the connection data transmitted by the first communication unit, a storage unit that stores identification data of the electronic device that communicates with the second communication unit, a determination unit that determines whether the electronic device is authorized to communicate by way of the first network based on the identification data of the electronic device stored in the storage unit, and an access control unit that prohibits the electronic device from accessing the communication apparatus by way of the second network when the determination unit determines that the electronic device is not authorized to communicate by way of the first network.
Systems and methods for detecting cloning of security tokens
The disclosed computer-implemented method for detecting cloning of security tokens may include (i) logging, at an authentic security token, one-time-use security codes that are derived at the authentic security token from a shared secret that is stored at the authentic security token, (ii) logging, at a validation server, one-time-use security codes that are derived from the shared secret and received at the validation server, (iii) determining that the authentic security token has been cloned by determining that the one-time-use security codes logged at the validation server include at least one additional one-time-use security code that is not included in the one-time-use security codes logged at the authentic security token, and (iv) performing a security action in response to determining that the authentic security token has been cloned. Various other methods, systems, and computer-readable media are also disclosed.
Methods, devices, and computer readable storage devices for authenticating devices having non-SIM based clients
A communication device including a non-SIM based client is authenticated for accessing an IMS network. An internet protocol identity is received from the communication device. The internet protocol identity is not associated with a SIM. Authentication information associated with the internet protocol identity is requested and received from the communication device. A determination is made whether the communication device is authenticated based on the internet protocol identity and the authentication information. If the communication device is determined to be authenticated, the communication device is allowed access to the IMS network.
Terminal single sign-on configuration, authentication method, and system, and application service system thereof
The present invention provides a terminal single sign-on configuration, authentication method, and system. The terminal single sign-on authentication method includes obtaining a VPN login information for accessing a private virtual network, where the application service system is installed on a mobile terminal; and uploading the VPN login information to a server for verification. When the VPN login information is successfully verified, a recorded script associated with the VPN login information is obtained from the server, the recorded script containing a plurality of operations and login parameters corresponding to input controls in a user interface of the application service system for authentication. The method further includes according to the recorded script, automatically replaying the plurality of operations to input the login parameters to the corresponding input controls in the user interface, such that an authentication process for the application service system is completed automatically.
Method and apparatus for improving privacy of communications through channels having excess capacity
A method and apparatus for enhancing privacy of a data packet stream between first and second network nodes over a channel having a total bandwidth receives data packets of the data packet stream at the first network node and determines a current bandwidth used by the received data packets. The first node generates multiple spoof packets and interleaves the spoof packets and the received packets to generate an interleaved packet stream having a bandwidth that is greater than the current bandwidth and less than the total bandwidth. The first node transmits the interleaved packet stream to the second network node.
Method and apparatus for efficient interruptible transfer of protected media assets
A method and system is provided for efficient interruptible transfer of protected media assets. The method of asset transfer uses a segmented asset transfer paradigm which makes possible the implementation of such features as “watch as you transfer” and “offsetted resumption of interrupted transfers”. Implementation strategies of these features with support for segmented and contiguous media assets are also disclosed.
Process for the user-related answering of customer inquiries in data networks
A process for the processing of user inquiries in a data network saves user data anonymized at first in an independent process with an independent third-party vendor, which can then be accessed by the use of several incremental encryption and anonymization routines in such a way that, on the one hand the provider is not involved in the data exchange and in other respects even the independent third-party vendor does not have access to the user data at any time, albeit with the result that anonymized customer data, especially information about age, sex and partial postal code, can be kept ready in a database for the mobile end device being used.
Systems and methods of secure data exchange
In embodiments of the present invention, improved secure exchange system features include a federated search facility, hybrid encryption management (adjustable encryption key management), anonymous IRM, disassembled storage of data as chunks rather than files, asynchronous notification process/integrated file upload and messaging, an identity facility, multi-factor authentication, dynamic access authorization, and various enhancements to a customizable exchange system.
Enhanced 2CHK authentication security with information conversion based on user-selected persona
A server is operated to securely convey information to a user via a network by receiving, from the user, a user selected presentation form representing one of a user selected specific voice and a user selected specific background image. Information for presentation to the user is received from another user and incorporated into the user selected presentation form. The information incorporated in the user selected presentation form is transmitted to the user via the network for presentation to the user.
Dynamic evaluation of access rights
To grant or deny access rights to a user attempting to access a protected system or secured electronic data, an access right evaluation process is carried out among all applicable policies including those embedded in the secured electronic data. In a preferred embodiment, the access right evaluation process is invoked only when a system being accessed is protected or a file being accessed is detected to be in a secured format. Further, the access right evaluation process is configured preferably to operate transparently to the user. The access right evaluation may be advantageously used in systems or applications in which devices, mediums or electronic data are secured and can be restrictively accessed by those who are authenticated and have proper access privilege.
Distributed system and method for tracking and blocking malicious internet hosts
Disclosed are systems and methods to perform coordinated blocking of source addresses, such as an Internet Protocol (IP) addresses, across a plurality of network appliances (e.g., gateways). In one disclosed embodiment the method and system temporarily alter a configuration of one or more network appliances (based on user defined configuration parameters) to allow communication from a “blocked” IP address for a period of time. A network appliance can then “receive” an email and perform analysis and provide results of the analysis to a reputation service. Thereby, the temporarily allowed communication can be used to learn information about a threat which would not have been available if all communication from that IP address had actually been blocked at the network appliance.
Reducing data connections for transmitting secured data
A method for reducing data transfer connections is provided. The method may include receiving data requests associated with devices. The method may further include collecting data associated with the devices based on the data requests. Additionally, the method may include identifying applications for receiving the collected data. The method may also include generating datasets based on the collected data and the identified applications, wherein the datasets include collected data that is combined based on a commonality for transmission to one or more common applications. The method may further include generating passwords for the datasets. The method may also include encrypting the passwords. The method may further include generating data blocks, including a dataset, the generated and encrypted passwords, and UUIDs for each application. The method may also include transmitting the data blocks to the identified applications. The method may further include receiving and transmitting data responses from the applications.
Managing domain name system (DNS) queries using a proxy DNS server
A proxy server for an authoritative nameserver of a domain receives a query from a requesting device directed to the authoritative nameserver for a resource record associated with the domain. The proxy server receives the query from the requesting device instead of the authoritative nameserver for the domain. The proxy server determines that a cached record for the queried resource record is in cache available to the proxy server but is expired, and queries the authoritative nameserver of the domain for the resource record. In response to determining that the authoritative nameserver of the domain failed to respond with the queried resource record, the proxy server accesses, in the cache available to the proxy server, the cached record for the resource record that is expired, and transmits the expired cached record for the resource record to the requesting device.
Communication method, wireless access point, wireless controller and communication system
A communication method includes automatically sending a DHCP discovery request to a DHCP server after power on; receiving network configuration parameters assigned by the DHCP server responding to the DHCP discovery request; and sending a predefined domain name query request for a predefined domain name according to a network address of a DNS server included in the network configuration parameters. The domain name query request passes through a wireless controller. The method also includes, after the wireless controller intercepts the predefined domain name query request by monitoring domain name query requests passing through the wireless controller, receiving a simulated domain name query reply packet from the wireless controller responding to the predefined domain name query, wherein the domain name query reply packet includes a predefined network address corresponding to the predefined domain name; and communicating with the wireless controller according to the predefined network address.
System and method for conditional delivery of messages
The disclosure describes systems and methods delivering communications associated with delivery conditions in which the occurrence of the delivery condition is determined by monitoring information received from a plurality of sources via multiple communication channels. The message delivery systems allow messages to be delivered to any “Who, What, When, Where” from any “Who, What, When, Where” upon the detection of an occurrence of one or more “Who, What, When, Where” delivery conditions. A message (which may be any data object including text-based messages, audio-based message such as voicemail or other audio such as music or video-based prerecorded messages) is delivered in accordance with delivery conditions based on any available data, including topical, spatial, temporal, and/or social data. Furthermore, because the systems coordinate delivery of messages via multiple communication channels and through multiple devices, the communication channel for delivery of a message may be dynamically determined based on the delivery conditions.
Interactive splitting of entries in social collaboration environments
A method for interactive splitting of a post of a social collaborative environment is provided. The method comprises, in response to a selection of a portion of the post, splitting the post at a location of at least one of a boundary of the selection or within the selection into a first segment and a second segment. A tool is utilized to split the post at the location of at least one of the boundary of the selection or within the selection into the first segment and the second segment. An input box configured to receive a response to the post is presented in an interactive post editing interface of the post, wherein the presentation of the input box occurs in a space defined between the first segment and the second segment. The response can be inserted in the space defined between the first segment and the second segment.
Computerized system and method for automatically creating and communicating media streams of digital content
Disclosed are systems and methods for improving interactions with and between computers in content generating, searching, hosting and/or providing systems supported by or configured with personal computing devices, servers and/or platforms. The systems interact to identify and retrieve data within or across platforms, which can be used to improve the quality of data used in processing interactions between or among processors in such systems. The disclosed systems and methods automatically identify and communicate media content to users as the media content is uploaded to the internet. The disclosed systems and methods leverage an internet hosted data firehose in order to build and communicate streams of content that are relevant to users' determined interests. Real-time analysis of the continuous stream of content results in curated media streams being created and communicated to users thereby stimulating social interactivity between users and automating the discovery of other users on a network.
Communication management system
A communication management system manages the exchange of messages between devices using different communication networks and/or protocols. A sender device may transmit a message (e.g., a short message service “SMS” message) to a destination associated with a traditional “landline” phone number. The message may be delivered over a traditional landline phone network. The communication management system can receive the message via the phone network, process the message, and provide the message to one or more electronic devices over a packet switched network, such as a local area network or the Internet. The electronic devices may use chat-based application software to process and display the message, provide robust message handline functionality, and facilitate responses to the message.
Electronic messaging management
Methods, devices, and systems for facilitation of electronic message management involve receiving a message generated from a user of one communication system, augmenting the message with data indicative of the user, communicating the augmented message to a second communication system, and presenting the message to a user of the second communication system such that the message is separate from other received messages not having data indicative of the first user.
Tiered priority system and callout performance booster
A method, computer program product and system uses a tiered priority system having three types of callout messages for use by a transaction processing system: (i) callout with a reserved path; (ii) callout with priority; and (iii) default priority callout with sharing mode. An online transaction program (OTP) issues a “reserve call” associated with a “callout with a reserved path”. In response, a reserve call processor initiates an asynchronous request to build an express socket path, and returns a special dispatchable unit of work identifier (special DUOW ID). The OTP subsequently issues any number of callouts to be sent on the express socket path using the special DUOW ID. A callout with priority dynamically allocates a path for sending a callout message, without queuing. A sharing mode combines a group of callout messages (types (i), (ii), and/or (iii) above) into a single TCP/IP send without queuing.
Reputation-based mediation of virtual control planes
Control planes of virtual resource providers may be customized in a secure, stable and efficient manner with virtual control planes. Control planes may be modularized. Control plane modules may be supplied with data from standardized sensors, and required to generate standardized resource configuration requests responsive to solicitations with specified response latencies. Custom control plane modules may be selected to replace or complement default control plane modules. Financial and computational costs associated with control plane modules may be tracked. Competing resource configurations may be mediated by a control plane supervisor. Such mediation may be based on control plane module reputation scores. Reputation scores may be based on customer feedback ratings and/or measured performance with respect to module goals. Mediated configuration parameter values may be based on a combination of competing configuration parameter values weighted according to reputation. Contribution of individual modules to goal achievement may be tracked and rewarded accordingly.
Method and apparatus for rate adaptation in motion picture experts group media transport
Apparatus and methods for a Motion Picture Experts Group (MPEG) media transport (MMT) device for sending or receiving media content is provided. The MMT device comprises a memory unit and a controller. The controller is configured to measure an available bandwidth, receive fragments of a first encoded stream of the media content and fragments of a second encoded stream of the same media content based on the available bandwidth and a current transmission bandwidth. A mixed encoded stream comprises the fragments received from the first encoded stream and the fragments received from the second encoded stream.
Packet prioritization based on client device feedback
Methods, systems, and computer readable media can be operable to facilitate dynamic packet prioritization for delivery of content to multiple devices. Methods, systems, and computer readable media described herein are operable to prioritize packet delivery to a plurality of client devices based upon feedback received from the client devices, wherein the feedback includes buffer status information associated with the client devices. The rate of transmitting packets to a client device having a stressed buffer may be increased, while the rate of transmitting packets to one or more other client devices may be decreased. Buffer status information may be received periodically or conditionally at a central device in the form of feedback messages output from one or more client devices.
Identifier based communication system and method for controlling data transport therein
Disclosed are an ID based communication system and a method for controlling data transport therein. A method according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention includes: by a data receiving apparatus, generating and transporting an information request message for requesting data information of contents corresponding to a content ID; receiving a response message including the data information regarding the contents corresponding to the content ID from any one data providing apparatus; deciding one or more requested data among the data corresponding to the contents and generating and transporting a data request message for requesting transportation of the requested data to the data providing apparatus; and receiving the detected data from the data providing apparatus, wherein the data providing apparatus detects one or more requested data verified from the data request message among the data corresponding to the contents.
Controlling a transmission control protocol congestion window size
To control a TCP congestion window size for data sent from a TCP sending node in a communications network towards a TCP receiving node via a Radio Access Network, the TCP sending node determines a minimum required bit rate for a data stream sent towards the TCP receiving node. It then determines that a sending bit rate of the data stream must be reduced using a TCP congestion avoidance mechanism. When the congestion avoidance mechanism is applied, the congestion window size is adjusted such that the sending bit rate is no lower than the minimum required bit rate.
Method and device for regulating a quality of service between a local area network and a wide area network
A method is provided for regulating a Quality of Service in a local area network, including the following: a Quality of Service regulator receives at a gateway of the local area network, from at least one Quality of Service checker, a status report concerning a distributed application; the Quality of Service regulator establishes, based on the status report, traffic engineering rules pertaining to the gateway; and the Quality of Service regulator transmits the traffic engineering rules to a Quality of Service controller. A corresponding device, a corresponding computer program and a corresponding storage medium are also provided.
System and method for efficient network isolation and load balancing in a multi-tenant cluster environment
A system and method for supporting load balancing in a multi-tenant cluster environment, in accordance with an embodiment. One or more tenants can be supported and each associated with a partition, which are each in turn associated with one or more end nodes. The method can provide a plurality of switches, the plurality of switches comprising a plurality of leaf switches and at least one switch at another level, wherein each of the plurality of switches comprise at least one port. The method can assign each node a weight parameter, and based upon this parameter, the method can route the plurality of end nodes within the multi-tenant cluster environment, wherein the routing attempts to preserve partition isolation.
Programmable data plane hardware load balancing system
A programmable data plane hardware load balancing system includes a plurality of server devices and an edge networking device that is located on an edge of a local area network. The edge networking device includes programmable data plane hardware that integrates each of at least one communications port, a server device table, and a load balancing engine. The at least one communications port is coupled to the plurality of server devices. The server device table includes health information about the plurality of server devices. The load balancing engine is configured to receive traffic directed to the plurality of server devices through the at least one communication port, and has been programmed to forward the traffic to one of the plurality of server devices in response to performing health based load balancing on the traffic using the health information about the plurality of server devices in the server device table.
System and method for routing packets in a content centric network using anonymous datagrams
A router of a content centric network (CCN) can forward messages using anonymous identifiers. The router can receive an Interest via a first interface, and determines a first anonymous identifier (AID) that identifies a name-independent path to the Interest's source via the router. The router can identify a second interface for forwarding the Interest to a next-hop neighbor via CCN, and performs a bijective function on the first AID to obtain a second AID that is to be used by the next-hop neighbor to return a corresponding data packet to the router. The router updates the Interest to include the second AID, and forwards the Interest via the second interface toward the next-hop neighbor. When the router receives the data packet, the router performs a lookup operation in an anonymous routing table (ART), based on the AID, to determine an interface for forwarding the data packet toward the Interest's source.
Method and apparatus for switching data between virtual machines, and communications system
A method for switching data between virtual machines is provided, the method includes acquiring data that is inside a physical host and needs to be sent to a destination node; determining, according to the data, whether the destination node is a node inside the physical host or a node outside the physical host; and when the destination node is a node inside the physical host, determining a destination virtual network interface card (NIC) port, and sending the data to a corresponding destination virtual machine using a virtual NIC corresponding to the destination virtual NIC port; or when the destination node is a node outside the physical host, determining a physical NIC port, and sending the data outside the physical host using a physical NIC corresponding to the physical NIC port. A corresponding apparatus and system are also provided.
Enhanced infrastructure routing with prefixed network addressing in content delivery networks
Systems, methods, apparatuses, and software for a content delivery network that caches content for delivery to end user devices is presented. In one example, a method includes assigning prefixed network addresses for the sites of the content delivery network, with ones of the prefixed network addresses indicating associated pathways for routing network traffic to reach the sites over more than one backhaul packet network. The method includes announcing groups of the prefixed network addresses to selected ones of the backhaul packet networks, with each to the groups comprising a backhaul network-independent prefixed network address, a backhaul network-specific prefixed network address, and a failover prefixed network address. The method includes receiving the network traffic at the sites over ones of the backhaul packet networks that are selected among for routing the network traffic by source network addresses indicated in content requests issued from the sites.
Migration support for bit indexed explicit replication
A method and network device are disclosed for multicast forwarding. In one embodiment, the method includes receiving at a node configured to use a bit-indexed forwarding table a multicast message comprising an incoming message bit array. The method further includes comparing the incoming message bit array to a first neighbor bit array within a first forwarding table entry, and determining that for at least one relative bit position in the bit arrays a corresponding destination node is both a destination for the message and a reachable destination from a first neighboring node. The method further includes forwarding toward the first neighboring node a copy of the message, where a first node on the path of the forwarded message is not configured to use a respective bit-indexed forwarding table. An embodiment of the device includes a network interface, a memory and a processor configured to perform steps of the method.
Switch, device and method for constructing aggregated link
A switch, a device and a method for constructing an aggregated link are provided. A switch for constructing an aggregated link with multiple peer devices is provided. The switch includes multiple ports supporting different connection protocols, with each port being used for connecting to a peer device. The switch further includes a sub-aggregated link constructing unit used for aggregating one or more ports running the same protocol in the switch into a sub-aggregated link, and a control unit used for forming an aggregated link from all the sub-aggregated links.
Controller-based dynamic routing in a software defined network environment
Apparatuses, methods, systems, and program products are disclosed for controller-based dynamic routing in a software defined network environment. A gateway module receives a routing protocol control packet at a virtual gateway of a software defined network (“SDN”). The SDN includes one or more virtual gateways that connect the SDN to one or more external networks. A routing control module forwards the received routing protocol control packet to a controller for the SDN. The SDN controller updates a routing information base for the SDN based on the received routing protocol control packet. An update module sends at least a portion of the routing information base to one or more external routers connected to the SDN.
Scalable off-load of applications from switch to server
Systems include a network element with a plurality of server blades, including a control server and one or more application servers. The control server communicates with each application server to acquire state information about each application server. A switch is in communication with each server blade. The switch is configured to communicate with the control server in order to obtain therefrom the state information acquired by the control server about each application server.
Transaction lifecycle management
A transaction management platform is provided that is configured to perform end-to-end tracking of transactions including messages. The messages are tracked using unique message identifiers that are generated and associated with messages. The unique message identifiers operate as pointers to allow the transaction management platform to monitor the messages. The transaction management platform also includes a plurality of engines and/or services to enable generation of a variety of different graphical diagrams. The graphical diagrams illustrate features such as, for example, component health, message volume, reconciliation, and other similar features.
Metric driven holistic network management system
A metric driven method for managing a network can include the step of specifying a profile for a network event. The profile can include multiple discrete factors and can be associated with at least one event operation. Metrics can be received from multiple remotely located components residing within a network space. The metrics can be compared to the discrete factors, where each compared metric can correspond to one of the factors. A determination based on this comparison can indicate whether the network event has occurred. When the network event has occurred, the previously specified event operation associated with the network event can be automatically executed.
Intermediate process for integrating external social network incidents into an incident management pipeline
A method of quantifying resolution times through external networks includes receiving, from an external network, a transmission indicating an incident. The transmission includes a first time at which an indication of the incident was posted to the external network. The method may also include generating an incident record associated with the incident, submitting the incident record to an incident management process to resolve the incident, and receiving an indication that the incident is resolved. The method may additionally include submitting a request to the external network to post the indication that the incident is resolved, and receiving, from the external network, a second time at which the indication that the incident is resolved was posted by the external network.
Hardware-based licensing for wireless networks
A wireless mesh network is provided with equipment and methods for monitoring and enforcement of license terms. The network includes a plurality of wireless network nodes, a wireless access point, and a network manager in communication with the access point and with the network nodes via the access point. At least one of the network nodes and the access point includes license information embedded in the device hardware, and the network manager provides services to the wireless network subject to license terms determined based on the license information embedded within the network node or access point. Additionally, the network manager is in communication with a user application external to the network, and relays communication between the user application and the wireless network. The network manager modulates communications relayed between the user application and the wireless network subject to the license information embedded within the network node or access point.
System and method for mobile network function virtualization
In one embodiment, a method for mobile network function virtualization (MNFV) includes creating an evolved packet core (EPC) cluster and associating a sub-network with the EPC cluster. The method also includes booting a virtual machine (VM) and attaching the VM to the EPC.
Systems, apparatus, and methods of checkpoint summary based monitoring for an event candidate related to an ID node within a wireless node network
Systems, apparatus, and methods are described for checkpoint summary based monitoring for an event candidate within a wireless node network of ID nodes, a master node, and a server. Such a method, for example, may have the master node receiving a first set of advertising signals broadcast by an ID node and generating a first checkpoint summary representing the first set of received signals. The master node then receives a second set of advertising signals broadcast by the ID node (after the ID node broadcasts the first set) and generates a second checkpoint summary representing the second set of received signals. The method then identifies the event candidate based upon a comparison of an observed parameter for each of the first checkpoint summary and the second checkpoint summary; and reports to the server a message about the event candidate relative to the ID node.
Using timestamps to analyze network topologies
A network of physically linked elements includes at least a first switch, a second switch, and a third element. The third element is caused to transmit a data unit. A first timestamp and a second timestamp are obtained from the first and second switches, respectively. The first timestamp is associated with receipt of the transmitted data unit by the first switch and the second timestamp associated with receipt of the transmitted data unit by the second switch. The first timestamp and the second timestamp are compared. Based on the comparison, a determination is made that the first switch is physically located between the third element and the second switch.
Using timestamps to analyze network topologies
A network of physically linked elements includes at least a first switch, a second switch, and a third element. The third element is caused to transmit a data unit. A first timestamp and a second timestamp are obtained from the first and second switches, respectively. The first timestamp is associated with receipt of the transmitted data unit by the first switch and the second timestamp associated with receipt of the transmitted data unit by the second switch. The first timestamp and the second timestamp are compared. Based on the comparison, a determination is made that the first switch is physically located between the third element and the second switch.
Fingerprinting BYOD (bring your own device) and IOT (internet of things) IPV6 stations for network policy enforcement
IoT stations are profiled in an IPv6 protocol environment. Responsive to sending the modified router advertisement instead of the router advertisement to the station, a DHCPv6 solicitation packet is snooped. The DHPv6 solicitation packet is sent from the station to a DHCPv6 server to gather network configuration information stored in the router advertisement withheld by the access point. In turn, the access point examines the DHCPv6 solicitation packet to determine an identity of least one of device and operating system. The identity determination is stored for applying network policies (e.g., network security policies) during transactions with the station.
Management of services to subscriber groups in a distributed service plane environment
In general, techniques are described for managing group policies in a network. In some examples, a policy enforcement device comprising a plurality of service planes, each having one or more processors operably coupled to a memory, receives a policy enforcement request that includes data identifying a subscriber from a policy control server for a network. The plurality of service planes are further configured to assign, in response to determining that the subscriber is a member of a subscriber group that includes a plurality of subscribers, the subscriber to a selected service plane of the plurality of service planes. The selected service plane applies a group policy for the subscriber group to subscriber data traffic associated with the subscriber.
Controlling network traffic using acceleration policies
Concepts and technologies are disclosed herein for controlling network traffic using acceleration policies. According to various embodiments of the concepts and technologies disclosed herein, an acceleration application can be executed by a device for analyzing data requests, determining if the data communications requested by way of the request can be delayed, accelerated, or otherwise modified (“shifted”) based upon policies and/or network operating conditions. In some embodiments, the acceleration application can be configured to access acceleration policies that can define how certain traffic is to be shifted. The acceleration application also can be configured to obtain and analyze network data to determine network operating conditions and determine, based upon the determined conditions, if traffic is to be shifted based upon the network operating conditions.
Leveraging synchronization coordination of a mesh network for low-power devices
Methods, apparatus, and systems for wireless communication are provided. A method for wireless communication includes configuring a first device for a first mode of communication, receiving wide area network (WAN) scheduling information from downlink signals received from a network entity when a radio air interface of the first device is configured for the first mode of communication, configuring the first device for a second mode of communication, determining a mesh network schedule based on the WAN scheduling information, and communicating wirelessly with a second device in accordance with the mesh network schedule when the radio air interface is configured for the second mode of communication. The first device and the second device may communicate at power levels below a power level threshold selected to cause the network entity to ignore transmissions between the first device and the second device.
System and method for efficient network reconfiguration in fat-trees
Systems and methods are provided for supporting efficient reconfiguration of an interconnection network having a pre-existing routing comprising. An exemplary method can provide, a plurality of switches, the plurality switches comprising at least one leaf switch, wherein each of the one or more switches comprise a plurality of ports, and a plurality of end nodes, wherein the plurality of end nodes are interconnected via the one or more switches. The method can detect, by a subnet manager, a reconfiguration triggering event. The method can compute, by the subnet manager, a new routing for the interconnection network, wherein the computing by the subnet manager of the new routing for the interconnection network takes into consideration the pre-existing routing and selects the new routing for the interconnection network that is closest to the pre-existing routing. The method can reconfigure the interconnection network according to the new routing.
Protection switching method, network, and system
Embodiments of the present invention provide a protection switching method, network node, and system, where a communication method includes: when a first transport entity changes from a standby state to an active state, determining that in a second protected domain, there is only a protection transport entity that is connected to the first boundary node; switching a service to a first protection transport entity; and sending a first automatic protection switching APS message that carries a request of triggering inter-domain protection switching. By using the protection switching method, network node, and system that are provided by the embodiments of the present invention, end-to-end protection switching may be implemented, which enhances robustness of a protection network.
Distributed map reduce network
Embodiments relate to a distributed map reduce network. An aspect includes receiving a description of a map reduce job comprising a time deadline. Another aspect includes selecting a set of candidate nodes from a plurality of nodes of the distributed map reduce network, wherein the set of candidate nodes are selected based on cost value. Another aspect includes determining an amount of time required to perform the map reduce job by the set of candidate nodes. Another aspect includes, based on the determined amount of time not meeting the time deadline: selecting a particular node of the set of candidate nodes for replacement based on the geographical location of the particular node; selecting a next node of the plurality of nodes based on the cost value of the next node; and replacing the particular node in the set of candidate nodes with the next node.
Automated simple network management protocol variable reset
An example managed network device includes a control unit and a storage medium that stores a file that includes a variable value. The control unit provides an execution environment for a simple network management protocol (SNMP) engine operable by the control unit to establish, based on a set of authentication parameters, secure SNMP communication with a network management system, determine whether the file is corrupted, determine whether the variable value stored in the file is readable, determine whether the variable value is greater than or equal to a maximum value, and, responsive to determining that the file is corrupted, that the variable value is not readable, or that the variable value is greater than or equal to the maximum value: re-initialize the variable value, notify a network management system, and maintain the secure simple networking management protocol communication with network management system using the set of authentication parameters.
Low peak-to-average power ratio long training field sequences
This disclosure describes methods, apparatus, and systems related to a low peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) long training field (LTF) sequences system. A device may determine a wireless communication channel with a first device in accordance with a wireless communication standard, the wireless communication channel having one or more streams. The device may determine one or more common sequences between the one or more streams. The device may generate a high efficiency preamble in accordance with a high efficiency communication standard. The device may generate one or more LTF sequences included in the preamble based on the one or more common sequences and one or more codes. The device may cause to send the high efficiency preamble over the wireless communication channel.
Frame format for facilitating channel estimation for signals transmitted via bonded channels
Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide an apparatus for wireless communications. The apparatus includes a processing system configured to generate a frame comprising a first channel estimation sequence for transmission via a first channel, a second channel estimation sequence for transmission via a second channel, and at least a first portion of a data payload for transmission via a third channel, wherein the first channel includes a first frequency band, wherein the second channel includes a second frequency band different from the first frequency band, and wherein the third channel includes a third frequency band that overlaps in frequency with the first and second frequency bands; and an interface configured to output the frame for transmission.
Extended guard interval for outdoor WLAN
A wireless network interface device selects a guard interval from a set of guard intervals including a first guard interval, a second guard interval, and a third guard interval, where in the first guard interval has a length that is 50% of a length of the second guard interval, and wherein the length of the second guard interval is 50% of a length of the third guard interval. The wireless network interface device generates a preamble of a data unit to include: a legacy signal field, a repetition of the legacy field, and a non-legacy field that includes a field that indicates the selected guard interval. The wireless network interface device generates a data portion of the data unit, including generating orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) symbols of the data portion using the selected guard interval.
Apparatus for envelope delay control in an envelope-tracking power amplifier
An envelope signal time delay adjustment apparatus includes a negative group delay unit for converting an envelope signal input from a signal generator into an envelope signal having a group delay of a negative value whose frequency increases from a predetermined frequency band; an envelope-tracking modulator for power-amplifying and outputting the envelope signal output from the negative group delay unit; and a frequency limiting unit for limiting a bandwidth of the envelope-tracking modulator to be lower than an original bandwidth of the envelope-tracking modulator.
Isolated digital video interface receiver and method for isolating received digital video interface signals
Digital video signals are transmitted from a transmitter to a receiver via a digital video interface including shielded twisted pair cables that are surrounded by an over-braid shield. The over-braid shield is connected to a chassis ground at a transmitting end and the receiving end. An interface conveys the received signals to receiver processing circuitry. The interface is connected to an isolated ground, isolating the receiver processing circuitry. The twisted pairs are also connected to the isolated ground, such that a return current is forced back through the twisted pair cable shields rather than the over-braid shield. This reduces electromagnetic emissions and confines transients primarily to the over-braid shield.
Methods, systems, and apparatus for the improvement of signal integrity over an unbalanced differential channel
Methods, systems, and apparatuses are described for improving the signal integrity of a differential pair of signals by mitigating a non-balanced channel deficiency. For example, signal integrity may be improved by independently shaping and/or independently controlling the slopes (e.g., the rising edge and/or falling edge) of each signal of a differential pair of signals to counteract the effects caused by non-balanced deficiencies to provide a balanced differential pair of signals (i.e., signals having symmetrical impedances, loads, etc.).
Equalizer circuit optimization using coarse frequency detection
A system can be configured to control an equalizer circuit to equalize a data signal without requiring prior knowledge of the data signal's data rate. In an example, the system includes an equalizer circuit configured to equalize a data signal based on an equalizer control signal to produce an equalized signal, and a pattern detector configured to detect a specified data pattern in the equalized signal at each of multiple sampling rates. A control circuit can be configured to generate a preferred equalization control signal based on a sampling rate, selected from the multiple sampling rates, at which the pattern detector detects the specified data pattern in the equalized signal.
System and method of analyzing crosstalk and intersymbol interference for serial data signals
A measurement instrument and associated method: receive at a first input an aggressor signal (e.g., a supply voltage) from a device under test (DUT); capture samples of the received supply voltage; receive at a second input a victim signal from the DUT, wherein the received victim signal includes a crosstalk voltage induced thereon from the supply voltage; capturing samples of the received victim signal; applying the captured samples of the received supply voltage and the received victim signal to a predetermined model which represents crosstalk voltage induced onto the received victim signal from the supply voltage waveform, to produce a system of equations, wherein the model includes a plurality of unknown parameters; ascertain the plurality of unknown parameters in the predetermined model from the system of equations; and apply the predetermined model with the ascertained parameters to the captured samples of the received supply voltage to estimate the crosstalk voltage.
A method for security and/or automation systems is described. In some embodiments, the method may include detecting departure data relating to at least one of an occupant and a premises, identifying a likelihood of an absence in relation to the premises based at least in part on the departure data, and sending a confirmation request based at least in part on the identifying for the occupant associated with the premises to confirm the absence. In some cases, the absence may include the premises being unoccupied for at least a portion of a predetermined time period. The predetermined time period may include at least one night.
Scheduling mechanisms in full duplex cable network environments
An example method for scheduling in full duplex cable network environments is provided and includes categorizing a plurality of cable modems in a cable network into interference groups, scheduling upstream transmissions and downstream receptions for cable modems in each interference group, such that no cable modem of any one interference group transmits upstream in a frequency range simultaneously as another cable modem in the same interference group receives downstream in the frequency range, generating scheduling information of the scheduling, and transmitting the scheduling information to the cable modems.
Extension of Wi-Fi services multicast to a subnet across a Wi-Fi network using software-defined networking (SDN) to centrally control data plane behavior
Wi-Fi services multicast to a subnet in a software-defined network (SDN) are extended. An SDN controller centrally monitors a data plane of a Wi-Fi network. Advertisements for services within a first subnet by an advertising station are forwarded to the SDN controller. Parameters of the service of the advertising station are extracted for storage by performing deep packet inspection on the one or more packets. Queries for services within a second subnet by a querying station are also forwarded to the SDN controller. Parameters of the service of the querying station are extracted for storage by performing deep packet inspection on the one or more packets. The query for service to the advertisement matches responsive to the advertisement parameters compared to the query parameters. Responsive to matching, a set of connection parameters necessary for the querying station at the second subnet to connect to the advertising station at the first subnet is sent.
Methods and apparatus to provide for efficient and secure software updates
In a method for validating software updates, a data processing system contains a current version of a software component. The data processing system saves at least first and second current advance keys (AKs). After saving the current AKs, the data processing system receives an update package for a new version of the software component. The data processing system extracts a digital signature and two or more new AKs from the update package. The data processing system uses at least one current AK to determine whether the digital signature is valid. In response to a determination that the digital signature is valid, the data processing system uses a software image from the update package to update the software component, and the data processing system saves the new AKs, for subsequent utilization as the current AKs. Other embodiments are described and claimed.
Mobile solution for signing and retaining third-party documents
Techniques for signer-initiated electronic document signing via an electronic signature service using a mobile or other client device are described. Example embodiments provide an electronic signature service (“ESS”) configured to facilitate the creation, storage, and management of documents and corresponding electronic signatures. In some embodiments, when a signer user receives an electronic signature document on a mobile device, the signer may use a client module executing on the mobile device to import the document into the ESS. Once the document is imported into the ESS, the signer can access, review, and sign the document at the ESS via the mobile device. After signing the document, the signer can use the mobile device to cause the ESS to provide the signed document to one or more recipients.
Biometric based authenticated key exchange
A method includes receiving a first biometric data set representative of a first biometric sample provided by a user and public parameters. The method includes generating a first set of exchange information based thereon and communicating it to a system server. The method includes receiving a second set of exchange information based on the public parameters and a second biometric data set representative of a second biometric sample and is symmetric with respect to the first set of exchange information. The method includes computing a session key for the communication session by applying a first hash function based on a hash key to a subset of the second set of exchange information and a second hash function based on a projected key to a subset of the first set of exchange information. The method includes using the session key in communications during the communication session.
Transmission device and signal processing method
A transmission device includes: a reception circuit; and a transmission section that is disposed between the reception circuit and a transmission circuit and transmits a clock signal and data signals in parallel, wherein the transmission circuit performs operations of: inserting a predetermined pattern in a data invalid period of each of the data signals; outputting the each of the data signals in which the predetermined pattern has been inserted in synchronization with an input clock; and adjusting a phase of the clock signal in the data invalid period, the reception circuit performs operations of: detecting a state of a reception clock using the data signals in which the predetermined pattern has been inserted; and determining whether phase adjustment of the clock signal is to be performed, based on the state of the reception clock, and the transmission circuit adjusts the phase of the clock signal, based on a determination result.
Protocol synchronization for HARQ background
A method and apparatus according to the present invention addresses and/or prevents lost protocol synchronization in HARQ systems caused by ACK/NACK errors. One embodiment detects lost synchronization errors for NDI-based retransmission protocols and restores synchronization by sending an explicit RESET message. In response to the RESET message, the transmitter aborts the transmission of a current PDU and transmits a new PDU and corresponding NDI. Another embodiment prevents protocol synchronization errors by sending scheduling grants on a packet by packet basis. The receiver sends a subsequent explicit scheduling grant to the transmitter based on an error evaluation of a received PDU. The transmitter will not send the next PDU unless it receives the subsequent explicit scheduling grant.
Data on clock lane of source synchronous links
A source synchronous data transmission system includes a data transmitting device and a data receiving device. A dedicated data line carries a data signal from the data transmission device to the data receiving device. A dedicated clock line carries a modulated clock signal from the data transmission device to the data receiving device. The data transmission device includes a clock data driver configured to encode data into the modulated clock signal by modulating an amplitude of the modulated clock signal. Thus, the clock line of the source synchronous data transmission system carries the clock signal and additional data.
Communication apparatus and network system
A slave unit that is a communication apparatus according to the present invention includes: a frame relaying unit that receives, among communication frames received by a reception port, a communication frame to be relayed to the other apparatus and outputs the received communication frame to a transmission port; a frame transmitting unit that generates a communication frame and outputs the communication frame to the transmission port; and a transmission-frame arbitrating unit that regulates output of the communication frame to the transmission port performed by the frame transmitting unit in a guard time that is a period including a time period in which arrival of the communication frame transmitted in a network in a fixed cycle is expected.
Method and apparatus for preventing transmitter leakage
Method and transceiver arrangements for reducing a leakage signal's impact on a receiver part 320 of the transceiver arrangement 300. The leakage signal originates from a transmitter part 310 of the transceiver arrangement 300. The radio base station is adapted to communicate in a Time Division Duplex, TDD mode in a cellular network. The method comprises frequency shifting 402, by the transmitter part 310, a downlink, DL, baseband by an offset frequency, fc, the DL baseband comprising DL data. Furthermore, the method comprises to mixing 404, by the transmitter part (310), the frequency shifted DL baseband with a Transmitter Local Oscillator, TX LO, frequency, fLO to produce a DL signal spectrum. The offset frequency, fc, and the TX LO frequency fLO is selected such that fLO=fDL−fc, or fLO=fDL+fc where fDL is the center frequency of the DL signal spectrum, such that the TX LO leakage signal reaching 408 the receiver part 320 is located outside, or on an edge of a UL signal spectrum when received by the receiver part 320. By frequency shifting an output frequency of a transmitter local oscillator with an offset frequency, and frequency shifting a transmitter baseband with the offset frequency, but in a reverse direction, leakage signals originating from the transmitter local oscillator may be prevented from affecting a receiver RF spectrum, without affecting the transmitter RF spectrum.
Method and system for HARQ operation and scheduling in joint TDD and FDD carrier aggregation
A method at a user equipment for hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) operation, the user equipment operating on a primary carrier having a first duplex mode and on at least one secondary carrier having a second duplex mode, the method using HARQ timing of the first duplex mode if the timing of the first duplex mode promotes acknowledgement opportunities over using HARQ timing of the second duplex mode; and using HARQ timing of the second duplex mode if the timing of the second duplex mode promotes acknowledgement opportunities over using HARQ timing of the first duplex mode.
Method and apparatus for aggregation of frequency division duplex and time division duplex
This application related to method and apparatus for aggregation of frequency division duplex and time division duplex. One embodiment of method comprises receiving signals from a cell configured with FDD and/or a cell configured with TDD according to the downlink scheduling, adjusting timing of uplink transmissions for the cells configured with FDD or the cell configured with TDD when the UE detects timing difference between the cells, and transmitting uplink signal to the cell configured and/or a cell configured with TDD based on the adjusted timing.
Method and arrangement for white space device transmission
The disclosure relates to a white space device (WSD) of a secondary wireless network, and to a related method for transmitting a first signal on a channel available for secondary usage allocated to a primary wireless system. The method in the WSD comprises determining (410) a further channel used by the primary wireless system, that would be interfered by a transmission of the first signal on the channel available for secondary usage, retrieving (420) signal information associated with the determined further channel from the primary wireless system, transmitting (430) the first signal on the channel available for secondary usage, and transmitting (440) a second signal on the determined further channel based on the retrieved signal information, simultaneously with the first signal on the channel available for secondary usage* such that an interference generated in the primary wireless system by the first signal transmission is compensated for by the second signal transmission.
Transmission of uplink control channels over an unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band
Techniques are described for wireless communication. A first method includes generating uplink control information at a wireless device, and transmitting the uplink control information over an interlace of a component carrier of an unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band. The interlace includes a plurality of non-contiguous concurrent resource blocks in the unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band, and at least two resource blocks in the interlace include different portions of the uplink control information. A second method includes generating uplink control information at a wireless device, and transmitting the uplink control information over an uplink control channel of an unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band. Resources of the uplink control channel are divided into a plurality of discrete dimensions and the uplink control information of the wireless device is transmitted over a number of the discrete dimensions allocated to the uplink control information of the wireless device.
System and method of processing antenna configuration information
A base station encodes antenna configuration information of a neighboring cell of a first cell, and sends encoded information relating to the antenna configuration information of the neighboring cell to a user equipment (UE). The UE is capable of communicating with the base station in the first cell. The UE receives the encoded information; decodes the antenna configuration information of the neighboring cell from the encoded information; and performs determination of predetermined time-frequency resource according to the antenna configuration information of the neighboring cell. The predetermined time-frequency resource is used by a base station of the neighboring cell for transmitting pilot measurement information.
Method for transmitting frame and communication device for performing the same
Disclosed are a frame transmission method and a communication device performing the same. The communication device may transmit a null data packet (NDP)-announcement (NDP-A) including information on a plurality of communication devices participating in interference alignment and transmit an NDP including a common signal field and a common training field commonly applied to the plurality of communication devices.
Methods used in serving radio node and control node, and associated devices
A method used in a serving radio node and an associated serving radio node. The method includes receiving, from a control node controlling the serving radio node, a sounding and sensing related configuration for the serving radio node, wherein each sounding resource element indicated by the sounding and sensing related configuration is orthogonal to each sounding resource element indicated by a sounding and sensing related configuration for each neighboring radio node; and sensing, through a Receiver (RX) Radio Frequency (RF) chain of the serving radio node configured for each radio link of the one or more radio links, all sounding signals in a direction of the radio link based on the received sounding and sensing related configuration. Further methods described are used in a serving radio node, an associated serving radio node, and in a control node to control the serving radio node and the associated control node.
Method and apparatus for transmitting/receiving data stream in wireless system
Methods and apparatus are provided for transmitting and receiving data streams. The data streams are received. The data streams are mapped to a physical slot. At least one frame that includes the physical slot is formed. The at least one frame is transmitted through at least one radio frequency. The at least one frame is received through at least one radio frequency. A location of the physical slot included in each frame is obtained. The data streams allocated to the physical slot in the location are received. The physical slot includes bit information indicating a number of antennas transmitting the at least one frame.
Dynamic carrier assignment of carrier aggregation in an LTE-Advanced system
Various embodiments of a scheme of dynamic activation and release of carrier aggregation in an LTE-Advanced system are provided. When transmission need of an LTE-Advanced user is large and the user is within coverage of at least one secondary component carrier, carrier aggregation is activated while a certain amount of resource of each component carrier is preserved to support carrier aggregation. This avoids unnecessary activation and waste due to signaling cost. When the primary component carrier of an LTE-Advanced user has sufficient resource to satisfy transmission need of the user or when the user is not within coverage of at least one secondary component carrier, carrier aggregation is released. This minimizes complex measurement and cost of controlling signals due to multi-carrier scheduling.
Managing communications based on network conditions
Various examples are directed to optimizing communications based on network conditions. A computing device may be programmed to receive from a process executing at the computing device a network transmission request. The network transmission request may indicate payload data and a recipient computing device. The computing device may transmit to a recipient computing device a plurality of data packets. Each of the plurality of data packets may comprise at least a portion of the payload data. The computing device may detect an improvement in network conditions and accelerate retransmission of at least one data packet.
Methods and apparatuses for signaling in dynamic time division duplex systems
The present invention relates to a method in a UE served by a network node, a method in the network node, the UE, and the network node. The network node is applying dynamic TDD with flexible subframes. The method comprises receiving (900) a first configuration message from the network node indicating a TDD reference configuration, and determining (910) in which subframe to signal HARQ information based on the TDD reference configuration. The method further comprises receiving (920) a second configuration message from the network node indicating a set of DL subframes that may comprise explicit signaling messages, monitoring (930) the indicated set of DL subframes, and receiving (940) an explicit signaling message in response to monitoring. The explicit signaling message designates a subframe in which the UE shall receive a DL signal. The method also comprises preparing (950) to receive the DL signal in the designated subframe.
Method for transmitting HARQ information, base station, terminal and system
Disclosed are a method and a device for transmitting HARQ information, relating to the technical field of wireless communications. The method includes that: a base station receives uplink data of a user equipment (UE), and obtains hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) information of the uplink data; by using the HARQ information and related information used for transmitting downlink control information, a control channel resource position corresponding to the HARQ information is determined; and by using the control channel resources indicated by the control channel resource position, the downlink control information is transmitted to the UE so that the UE acquires the HARQ information.
Multiplexing communication system and substrate working machine
A multiplexing communication system is provided in which, even in a case where communication uses a multiplex data string in which multiple types of pieces of data that are different in error processing by a multiplexing communication system and a substrate working machine are present mixedly, it is possible to perform the error processing suitable for every type of data.A transmission data composition processing section at a transmitting side performs setting processing for error detection in accordance with a data transfer rate and a data processing time for each of the multiple types of pieces of data, and then multiplexes these pieces of data using a multiplexing section, and transmits a result of the multiplexing.
Wireless communication device and method
SISO decoding of a reception signal having a scrambled symbol arrangement is realized using a process having reduced complexity. Coordinates are generated for a reference point obtained by scrambling and mapping a symbol number not a symbol reference point position. This reference point simulates transmission-side scrambling and is generated for each symbol number by a first mapping unit. Because the binary expression of a corresponding original signal number is retained, a bit likelihood calculation unit can easily calculate a bit likelihood based on the distance between the reference point and a reception signal. The calculated bit likelihood is then deinterleaved and subjected to SISO error-correcting decoding. The thus obtained bit likelihood is then reinterleaved and used to calculate a symbol probability. Soft symbols are generated through the multiplication of all the calculated symbol probabilities by corresponding reference points output by a second mapping unit similar to the first mapping unit.
Optical mode-division multiplexing using selected mode coupling between an optical resonator and a signal transmission line
Methods, systems, and devices are disclosed for using optical modes in optical waveguides to carry different optical communication signals. In one aspect, an optical device for optical MDM in optical communications includes an optical waveguide configured to support multiple optical waveguide modes and to carry light of different optical communication channels in different optical waveguide modes, respectively, of the multiple optical waveguide modes. The optical device includes an optical resonator configured to be capable of carrying an optical communication channel in one optical resonator mode and optically coupled to the optical waveguide to selectively couple the optical communication channel in the optical resonator into the optical waveguide to add a channel into the optical waveguide via optical mode division multiplexing. In another aspect, an optical mode division demultiplexing can be performed by coupling an optical waveguide and an optical resonator.
Proximity synchronization of audio content among multiple playback and storage devices
A wireless communication system and in particular to a wireless communication system for digital audio players that provides for increased functionality, such as communication, interaction and synchronization between a computing platform and various mobile, portable or fixed digital audio players, as well as providing a communication link between the various digital audio players themselves. The computing platform may act, for example, through a wireless network or wireless communication platform, to control the digital audio players; to act as a cache of digital audio data for the digital audio players; as well as provide a gateway to the Internet to enable the digital audio players to access additional digital audio content and other information. The computing platform may also be used to automatically update digital audio content on the digital audio players; synchronize digital audio content and playlists between digital audio players; and automatically continue a particular playlist as the user moves from one digital audio player to another.
System and method of occupancy estimation utilizing transmitted signals
A method estimating number of occupants in a region includes receiving at one or more receiving unit a signal or signals transmitted from one or more transmitting units, wherein the transmitting units are not associated with the one or more occupants located in the region. In addition, the method includes measuring one or more attributes of the received signal for a duration of time and calculating an occupancy estimate based, at least in part, on the measured attribute of the received signal.
Acoustic transmission devices and process for making and using same
Acoustic tags and a process for fabrication are disclosed for identifying and tracking various hosts including inanimate and animate objects in up to three dimensions. The acoustic tags may be powered by a single power source. Tags can have an operation lifetime of up to 90 days or longer at a transmission rate of 3 seconds. The acoustic tags have an enhanced signal range that enhances detection probability when tracking the hosts.
Method and apparatus for generation of coherent and frequency-lock optical subcarriers
A method and apparatus for generating sub-carriers is disclosed. Coherent optical sub-carriers with sub-carrier spacing are generated for carrying an orthogonal frequency division multiplexed (OFDM) signal. Multiple peaks are generated by cascading multiple phase modulators driven by different radio frequency sources.
Linearized optical digital-to-analog modulator
A system for converting digital data into a modulated optical signal, comprises an electrically controllable device having M actuating electrodes. The device provides an optical signal that is modulated in response to binary voltages applied to the actuating electrodes. The system also comprises a digital-to-digital converter that provides a mapping of input data words to binary actuation vectors of M bits and supplies the binary actuation vectors as M bits of binary actuation voltages to the M actuating electrodes, where M is larger than the number of bits in each input data word. The digital-to-digital converter is enabled to map each digital input data word to a binary actuation vector by selecting a binary actuation vector from a subset of binary actuation vectors available to represent each of the input data words.
Light-based communication (LCom) visual hotspots
Techniques are disclosed for projecting visible cues to assist with light-based communication (LCom), the visible cues referred to herein as visual hotspots. The visual hotspots can be projected, for example, using a luminaire that may be LCom-enabled. The visual hotspots may be projected onto the floor of an area including an LCom system. The visual hotspots can be used for numerous benefits, including alerting a potential user that LCom is available, educating the user about LCom technology, and assisting the user in using the LCom signals available in the area. The visual hotspots may include images, symbols, cues, characters (e.g., letters, words, numbers, etc.), indicators, logos, or any other suitable content. In some cases, the visual hotspots may be interactive, such that a user can scan the hotspot to cause an action to occur (e.g., launch an application or website).
System, method and apparatus for a rogue optics network unit
A device is provided that mitigates the effects of an optical network unit (ONU) that is in a rogue state. A main processor is arranged as part of a monolithic semiconductor chip, the main processor configured to process signals from an optical telecommunication connection. A laser driver controls a laser coupled to the laser driver. Hardware logic is arranged as part of the monolithic semiconductor chip and arranged physically separate from the main processor. The hardware logic independently effects the laser driver to turn the laser off or reduce power output of the laser significantly to mitigate the effects of the ONU in the rogue state.
Relay node to control communication resources and relay communication between base station and user equipment
A relay node in a mobile communication network for relaying communications between a base station and a mobile terminal. The relay node includes a communication interface that receives resource allocation information from the base station, the resource allocation information indicating a controllable range of communication resources available to the relay node. The relay node also includes a control unit that controls allocation of resources for communication between the relay node and the mobile station based on the received resource allocation information. The relay node then communicates with the mobile terminal based on the control performed by the control unit.
Blind spot determination
A method comprising maintaining (A, B), by a device (6), communication with a monitoring unit (7); determining, by the device, an absence of communication from the monitoring unit; based at least on a result of said determining, starting monitoring (F) of at least one variable related to distance moved by the device and/or time elapsed; if the at least one variable meets at least one criterion, determining that the absence of communication from the monitoring unit is not due to a blind spot. A device securely attachable to a person (5) may be configured to carry out this method, which may be user in offender monitoring.
Channelizer supplemented spacecraft telemetry and command functionality
A spacecraft includes a payload subsystem including a digital channelizer. The digital channelizer provides at least a portion of spacecraft command or telemetry functionality. The spacecraft may optionally also include a telemetry and command (T&C) subsystem, the T&C subsystem including one or more of a command receiver, a command decoder, a telemetry encoder and a telemetry transmitter. The digital channelizer may be communicatively coupled with at least one of the command receiver, the command decoder, the telemetry transmitter and the telemetry encoder.
Communication path control device, communication path control system, communication path control method and communication path control program
To perform communication with a communication path not unnecessarily going through a relay device such as a router. Under an environment in which a first network and a second network are connecting via a relay device, in a case of information used for establishing of a communication path between a call-origin terminal and a call-destination terminal sent by one among the call-origin terminal and the call-destination terminal to the other thereof, being forwarded from the relay device, contents of the information used for establishing of the communication path are overwritten so that the communication path between the call-source terminal and call-destination terminal is established with a path not going through the relay device, and the information thus overwritten is sent to the other one among the call-origin terminal and the call-destination terminal, if both of the network in which the call-origin terminal is installed and the network in which the call-destination terminal is installed are the first network.
Transmission device, transmission method, receiving device and receiving method
Provided is a frame configuration usable for both SISO transmission and MISO and/or MIMO transmission. A frame configurator of a transmission device configures a frame by gathering data for SISO and configures a frame by gathering data for MISO and/or MIMO data, thereby to improve the reception performance (detection performance) of a reception device.
Method and apparatus for controlling equivalent isotropic radiated power
An access point of a wireless communication network forms beams by applying a weightset for a beamforming weights matrix to signal streams. The Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP) that is emitted from an array of antenna elements at the access point is controlled by calibrating the transmission phase and gain of a respective transmit chain for each antenna element, providing a polar radiation model for an antenna element of the array, and determining a weightset for the weighting matrix subject to a constraint that a maximum total EIRP for the beams in combination in any azimuth direction is maintained within a predetermined EIRP limit, based at least on a spatial separation of the antenna elements, the polar radiation model and the calibrated transmission phase and gain of each respective transmit chain.
Method and apparatus for providing control information for fractional beamforming in a wireless communication system
A method and apparatus for performing fractional beamforming using a massive antenna array at a Base Station (BS) in a wireless communication system are disclosed. The method includes dividing the massive antenna array into partitions by rows or by columns, transmitting control information for the fractional beamforming to a User Equipment (UE), receiving feedback information based on the control information from the UE, and transmitting a signal to the UE by performing beamforming using sub-precoders for the partitions and a linking precoder that links the partitions. The control information includes at least one of information about the partitions, information about pilot patterns corresponding to the partitions, information about the linking precoder, and information indicating whether the partitions belong to the same transmission point.
Downlink multiple input multiple output enhancements for single-cell with remote radio heads
A base station selects a subset of at least one geographically separated antennas for each of the plurality of user equipments. The base station forms at least layer of data stream including modulated symbols, precodes the data stream via multiplication with the NT-by-N precoding matrix where N is the number of said layers and NT is the number of transmit antenna elements and transmits the precoded layers of data stream to the user equipment via the selected geographically separated antennas. The base station signals the subset of the plurality of geographically separated antennas via higher layer Radio Resource Control or via a down link grant mechanism. The base station optionally does not signal the subset of the plurality of geographically separated antennas to the corresponding mobile user equipment.
Systems and methods of beam training for hybrid beamforming
Systems and methods of beam training for hybrid beamforming are disclosed. In some embodiments, a method of operation of a receiver includes identifying multiple sets of beam indices for use with transmissions from a transmitter using hybrid precoding. The method also includes communicating the sets of beam indices to the transmitter for use with transmissions using hybrid precoding and receiving a transmission from the transmitter using one of the sets of beam indices. In some embodiments, each set of beam indices is for a different transmission mode. In this way, a transmission mode may be changed without the need to perform re-training of beams which is typically a time consuming process.
MIMO transceiver suitable for a massive-MIMO system
An embodiment of the disclosed MIMO transceiver uses a single master clock to generate (i) the sampling-clock signals for the analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog converters and (ii) the multiple electrical local-oscillator signals that are used in various channels of the transceiver's analog down- and up-converters to translate signals between the corresponding intermediate-frequency and RF bands. The MIMO transceiver may employ a plurality of interconnected frequency dividers configured to variously divide the master-clock frequency to generate the sampling-clock signals and the multiple local-oscillator signals in a manner that causes these signals to have different respective frequencies. In embodiments designed for operating in the mmW band, the MIMO transceiver may also employ a frequency multiplier configured to multiply the master-clock frequency to generate an additional local-oscillator signal for translating signals between the mmW and RF bands.
Power supply apparatus, control method, and recording medium
A power supply apparatus includes a power supply unit that wirelessly supplies power to an electronic apparatus, a communication unit that performs wireless communication for acquiring status information from the electronic apparatus, a detection unit that detects an external apparatus different from the electronic apparatus, and a control unit that causes the communication unit to disconnect wireless communication with the electronic apparatus in response to a detection of the external apparatus by the detection unit if the power supply unit is wirelessly supplying power to the electronic apparatus based on the status information acquired from the electronic apparatus, and causes the communication unit to perform wireless communication with the external apparatus to determine whether the external apparatus is able to wirelessly receive power.
Loop powered process control instrument with communication bypass circuit
A loop powered process instrument comprises a control system including a control circuit, a modem circuit and a loop output circuit. The control circuit measures a process variable and develops a measurement signal representing the process variable and includes a loop control circuit and a communication circuit. The modem circuit is operatively connected to the communication circuit and includes a modulation input port and a modulation output port. The loop output circuit receives a measurement signal from the loop control circuit and is connected to the modulation input port. A two-wire circuit is for connection to a remote power source using a two-wire process loop. A power supply with isolation is connected to the two-wire circuit and the loop output circuit to isolate the two-wire circuit from the control system. The power supply receives power from the two-wire process loop and supplies power to the control system and draws loop current on the two-wire process loop in accordance with the measurement signal and provides the modulation output on the loop current. A bypass circuit with isolation is connected between the two-wire circuit and the modem circuit modulation input port for providing input modulated signals to the modem circuit bypassing the power supply.
Training optimization of multiple lines in a vectored system using a prepared-to-join group
A novel procedure is described which provides a method for initialization of a group of CPE devices (short: CPEs) during a training that in part registers capabilities of the CPEs, wherein at least one CPE registers late to the training and thus cannot be registered. In accordance with the example described herein, the method comprises: determining capabilities of the CPEs during a Joining Phase of the training, wherein it is determined whether a CPE device is capable of employing vectoring. The method further comprises placing in a hold status the at least one CPE that registers late by keeping a line active that is coupled to the at least one CPE. Another Joining Phase is provided after the Joining Phase in order to register the at least one CPE which has registered late.
Method for reducing self-interference signal in communications system, and apparatus
Embodiments of the present invention provide a method for reducing a self-interference signal in a communications system, and an apparatus. The method includes: sending a sounding signal and a first communication signal; receiving an input signal; separating a near-field reflection signal corresponding to the sounding signal from an echo signal of the input signal; determining, based on the near-field reflection signal, a near-field reflection channel parameter; determining, based on the near-field reflection channel parameter, a reconstructed near-field reflected self-interference signal; and subtracting the reconstructed near-field reflected self-interference signal from a received second communication signal. The present invention can effectively recognize and reconstruct a near-field reflection signal, thereby reducing a near-field reflected self-interference signal in self-interference.
Antenna module, wireless device, and field device control system
One aspect of the present invention provides an antenna module includes an antenna, a circuit configured to transmit and receive wireless signals by using the antenna, a housing that stores the circuit to cover circumference of the circuit, an antenna casing that stores the antenna to enable the antenna to transmit and receive wireless signals, and a first connector that is connected to the housing, the first connector being configured to input and output signals which are transmitted and received by the circuit.
Systems, devices and methods related to stacked radio-frequency devices
Systems, devices and methods related to stacked band selection switch devices. In some embodiments, an RF module can include a packaging substrate and a power amplifier (PA) assembly implemented on a PA die mounted on the packaging substrate. The RF module can further include an output matching network (OMN) device mounted on the packaging substrate and a band selection switch device mounted on the OMN device. The OMN device can be configured to provide output matching functionality for at least a portion of the PA assembly.
Termination for single-ended receiver
Described herein is a termination circuit for a receiver receiving a single-ended signal. The termination circuit includes the first stage having a low-pass transfer function having a first pole/zero pair, and a second stage coupled to the first stage, where the second stage has a high-pass transfer function having a second pole/zero pair that cancels out the first pole/zero pair.
Transmitter and distortion correction method
A data calculator repeatedly calculates electric power of a delayed transmission signal and a multiplication value of a complex conjugate of the delayed transmission signal and a feedback signal. A memory stores, for each delayed electric power address corresponding to the electric power, a first total value that is the total of electric power of the delayed transmission signal and a second total value that is the total of the multiplication value. A range adjuster adjusts the upper limit of a determination reference range according to the maximum reference address. When a determiner determines that the number of repeats of the data calculator is sufficient based on the determination reference range, a vector calculator calculates a distortion correction vector based on a distortion vector calculated from the ratio between the first total value and the second total value. An updater updates the distortion correction vector stored in a look-up table based on the distortion correction vector.
Impedance and swing control for voltage-mode driver
A driver circuit includes a plurality of output circuits coupled in parallel between a differential input and a differential output and having a first common node and a second common node. Each of the plurality of output circuits includes a series combination of a pair of inverters and a pair of resistors, coupled between the differential input and the differential output; first source terminals of the pair of inverters coupled to the first common node; and second source terminals of the pair of inverters coupled to the second common node. The driver circuit further includes a first voltage regulator having an output coupled to the first common node of the plurality of output circuits; a second voltage regulator having an output coupled to the second common node of the plurality of circuits; and a current compensation circuit coupled between the outputs of the first voltage regulator and the second voltage regulator.
Adjustable error protection for stored data
An apparatus is described that includes a semiconductor chip having memory controller logic circuitry. The memory controller logic circuitry has compression circuitry to compress a cache line data structure to be written into a system memory. The memory controller logic circuitry has adjustable length ECC information generation circuitry to generate an amount of ECC information for the cache line data structure based on an amount of compression applied to the cache line data structure by the compression circuitry. The memory controller logic having circuitry to implement a write process sequence for the cache line data structure that is specific for the cache line data structure's amount of compression and/or amount of ECC information and to implement a different write process sequence that is specific for another cache line data structure having a different amount of compression and/or ECC information as the cache line data structure.
Method for performing parallel coding with ordered entropy slices, and associated apparatus
A method for performing parallel coding with ordered entropy slices includes: providing a plurality of entropy slices to a plurality of processing elements, wherein each entropy slice includes a plurality of blocks; initializing CABAC states of a current entropy slice as the CABAC states of a previous entropy slice after processing DB blocks of the previous entropy slice. DB is a positive integer.
Technologies for efficiently compressing data with run detection
Technologies for efficiently compressing data with run detection include a compute device. The compute device is to produce a hash as a function of a symbol at a present position and a predefined number of symbols after the present position in an input stream, determine whether the symbol at the present position is part of a run, obtain, from a hash table, a chain of pointers to previous positions in the input stream associated with the hash, determine, as a function of whether the symbol is part of a run and to identify a matched string, a number of strings referenced by the chain of pointers to compare to a string associated with the present position in the input stream, and output, in response to an identification of a matched string, a reference to the matched string in a set of compressed output data.
Integrated circuit device with reconfigurable digital filter circuits
An integrated circuit device can include at least one input; at least one output configured to provide a multi-bit output value; at least one input; at least one output configured to provide a multi-bit output value; a plurality of configurable digital filter circuits; and switch circuits coupled to the at least one input and to the at least one output, the switch circuits configurable to connect same digital filter circuits as a single processing path or separate processing paths.
Analog-to-digital converter verification using quantization noise properties
Disclosed are systems and methods for identifying and reporting failures of an analog-to-digital converter (ADC). Specifically, the systems and methods described herein evaluate quantization noise properties of ADCs, including delta-sigma ADCs and successive approximation register (SAR) ADCs, to verify functionality and/or identify failures. Quantization noise properties can be evaluated in the frequency domain by, for example, comparing RMS values, magnitudes, frequency spectrums, and the like, in various frequency bands to threshold values and/or to verify an expected noise shape. Quantization noise properties can additionally or alternatively be evaluated in the time domain by, for example, comparing counts of pulse widths, average pulse widths, and/or number of transitions within a sequence of pulses to threshold values and/or to similar identifiable characteristics in other pulse width bands.
In a semiconductor device, a sine wave signal is input to a first input part and a cosine wave signal is input to a second input part. A multiplexer alternately selects one of the sine wave signal and the cosine wave signal. An analog to digital converter converts the output signal of the multiplexer into a digital value. A switching circuit is coupled between at least one of the first and second input parts and the multiplexer. The switching circuit is configured to be able to invert the input sine wave signal or the input cosine wave signal, in order to reduce the angle detection error due to the non-linearity error of the A/D converter.
Systems and methods for analog to digital conversion
An analog to digital converter (ADC) circuit includes a first stage for converting a first analog voltage signal to a first digital signal including a first portion of a digital output signal representing the first analog voltage signal, and generate a first residue voltage based on the first analog voltage signal and the first digital signal. A first amplifier control unit generates a first amplifier start signal based on a second stage ready signal indicating that a second stage is ready to process a second analog voltage signal. In response to the second stage ready signal, a first amplifier generates the second analog voltage signal based on the first residue voltage. The second stage is configured to generate the second stage ready signal, receive the second analog voltage signal, and convert the second analog voltage signal to a second digital signal including a second portion of the digital output signal.
Atom cell, method of manufacturing atom cell, quantum interference device, atomic oscillator, electronic apparatus, and moving object
An atom cell is provided with an internal space including a space formed of a through hole housing gaseous alkali metal, a space formed of a through hole housing a compound as an alkali metal emission material, and a space formed of a through hole housing liquid or solid alkali metal.
Stacked synthesizer for wide local oscillator generation using a dynamic divider
A stacked synthesizer for wide local oscillator (LO) generation using a dynamic divider. The phase locked loop can include a plurality of voltage controlled oscillators (VCOs), and a selector that can be configured to select an output of one of the plurality of VCOs. The selected output of one of the plurality of VCOs can be provided to an on-chip dynamic divider and to an off-chip dynamic divider for LO sharing. The dynamic dividers can be configured to generate synthesizer outputs based on a multiplication of the selected output of one of the plurality of VCOs by a factor (1+1/M), where M is a variable number.
A semiconductor circuit includes a first circuit and a second circuit. The first circuit is configured to generate a voltage level at a first node based on a voltage level of input data, an inverted value of the voltage level at the first node, a voltage level of a clock signal, and a voltage level at a second node; and the second circuit is configured to generate the voltage level at the second node based on the voltage level of input data, an inverted value of the voltage level at the second node, the voltage level of the clock signal, and the inverted value of the voltage level at the first node. When the clock signal is at a first level, the first and second nodes have different logical levels. When the clock signal is at a second level, the first and second nodes have the same logical level.
FINFET based driver circuit
Disclosed herein is a driver circuit including a first group of transistors provided between first and second nodes and including n of the transistor(s) where n is equal to or greater than one, and a second group of transistors provided in parallel with the first group of transistors and including m of the transistor(s) where m is equal to or greater than one and not equal to n, the m transistors being connected together in series. The n-channel transistor in the first group and at least one of the two n-channel transistors in the second group have their gate connected to an input node.
Apparatus and method for solid state power control of current load
A solid state power control apparatus includes: (a) at least one IGBT and at least one FET, for supplying current to a load, and (b) a current controller for shutting off the IGBT and FET. The current controller is arranged to start shut off of the IGBT before it starts shut off of the FET. Further, the current controller is arranged to reduce current flow prior to start of the turn off of the IGBT and FET.
Various implementations described herein are directed to a circuit. The circuit may include a memory circuit having a first latch. The circuit may include a power-on-reset circuit having a second latch coupled to the first latch. The second latch may be configured to reset the first latch to a predetermined state at power-up.
Devices with signal and temperature characteristic dependent control circuitry and methods of operation therefor
An embodiment of a device includes a terminal, an active transistor die electrically coupled to the terminal, a detector configured to sense a signal characteristic on the terminal, and control circuitry electrically coupled to the active transistor die and to the detector, wherein the active transistor die, detector, and control circuitry are coupled to a package. The control circuitry may include a control element and a control device. Based on the signal characteristic, the control circuitry controls which of multiple operating states the device operates. A method for controlling the operating state of the device includes sensing, using the detector, a signal characteristic at the terminal, and determining, using the control device, whether the signal characteristic conforms to a pre-set criteria, and when the signal characteristic does not conform to the pre-set criteria, modifying the state of the control element to alter the operating state of the device.
Integrated circuit for saturation detection, wireless device and method of detecting saturation
An integrated circuit for saturation detection comprises: a plurality of gain components; a plurality of saturation detectors with each saturation detector operably coupled to an output of one of the gain components; a plurality of logic elements with a first input of each logic element associated with an output of one of the saturation detectors; and a controller operably coupled to the plurality of logic elements. The controller is arranged to apply a signal to a second input of individual ones of the plurality of logic elements such that an output of the respective logic element identifies a saturation event of the saturation detector associated with that respective logic element.
Minimum pulse-width assurance
Various methods and devices that involve pulsed signals are disclosed. An example minimum pulse-width (MPW) circuit comprises a first and second logic circuit. A first input of the first logic circuit is connected to an input of the MPW circuit. A first input of the second logic circuit is communicatively coupled to an output of the first logic circuit. The MPW circuit also comprises a MPW filter circuit communicatively coupled to an output of the second logic circuit, a one-shot circuit communicatively coupled to an output of the minimum pulse-width filter circuit and located on a first feedback path, and another one-shot circuit communicatively coupled to the output of the minimum pulse-width filter circuit and located on a second feedback path. A second input of the first logic circuit is on the first feedback path. A second input of the second logic circuit is on the second feedback path.
Digital clock-duty-cycle correction
A duty cycle correction circuit includes a charge pump and a controller. The charge pump includes a current source, a first output, and a second output. The charge pump routes current from the current source to the first output during a positive portion of a clock, and routes current from the current source to the second output during a negative portion of the clock. The controller compares charge accumulated from the first output to charge accumulated from the second output over a plurality of clock cycles to determine which of the positive portion of the clock and the negative portion of the clock is longer. The controller also generates a digital value that indicates an amount of adjustment to apply to a duty cycle of the clock based on which of the positive portion of the clock and the negative portion of the clock is longer.
Method for synchronously distributing a digital signal over N identical adjacent blocks of an integrated circuit
The invention proposes a method for distributing a signal to each block Bj of a series of N adjacent blocks of identical design in an electronic circuit. It proposes, in an identical fashion for each of the N blocks, placing a timing delay circuit MUX-DELj on the path for conveying a signal Sc from the input INcj of the block to an internal electrical node Ndj of the block for this signal Sc; providing for the timing delay circuit to supply N delayed signals corresponding to N different timing delays Δf1, . . . Δfj, . . . ΔfN separated by an increment of elementary duration Δt that corresponds to the elementary delay Δt for transit of a block introduced into a conductive line; and selecting the delayed signal corresponding to the applicable timing delay according to the block in question, by means of an index signal propagated through the N blocks, and which is incremented or decremented on passage through each block.
PVTM-based wide voltage range clock stretching circuit
A PVTM-based wide voltage range clock stretching circuit is disclosed. The circuit consists of a PVTM circuit module, a phase clock generation module, a clock synchronization selection module and a control module. The PVTM circuit module monitors in real time the delay information of an on-chip delay unit to monitor the operating environment of the circuit, and feeds the delay information back to the control module. Under the control of a clock stretching enable signal and a clock stretching extent signal, the control module selects a target phase clock from the clocks generated by the phase clock generation module in accordance with the feedback from the PVTM, enabling the stretching of system clock within a single cycle in different PVT conditions. Sophisticated gate devices are not required, and the cost of area and power consumption are kept to minimal.
Level-shift circuit, driver IC, and electronic device
A level-shift circuit that operates stably is provided. The level-shift circuit has a function of boosting a first signal having an amplitude voltage between a first voltage and a second voltage to a second signal having an amplitude voltage between a third voltage and the second voltage. The level-shift circuit includes first to eighth transistors. Gates of the third and seventh transistors are electrically connected to a wiring for transmitting a third signal for controlling the amounts of current flowing into one of a source and a drain of the first transistor, one of a source and a drain of the second transistor, one of a source and a drain of the fifth transistor, and one of a source and a drain of the sixth transistor.
Buffer circuit and voltage generator using the same
A buffer circuit includes a transistor cascode circuit, a latch circuit, a first transistor, a second transistor, and a voltage generator. The transistor cascode circuit is biasing at a first voltage. The latch circuit is biasing at a second voltage, whose voltage level is negative. The first transistor and the second transistor are coupling between the transistor cascode circuit and the latch circuit, and a gate of the first transistor is coupled to a gate of the second transistor. The voltage generator provides a biasing voltage to the gate of the first transistor and adjusts a voltage level of the biasing voltage dynamically according to a voltage level of the second voltage. The biasing voltage is at a first level when the buffer circuit is initially turned on, and the biasing voltage is at a second level when the buffer circuit enters the steady state.
Electric power supply device and semiconductor device
A voltage adjustment circuit includes switches connected in parallel between a circuit unit and an electric power supply line to which a first electric power supply voltage is applied, and changes the number of switches turned off, based on a comparison result between a target value and a second electric power supply voltage supplied to the circuit unit, to adjust the second electric power supply voltage. A control circuit decides an interval for increasing the number of switches turned off when the circuit unit changes to standby state, based on a leak current value of the circuit unit in standby state, a time in which the second electric power supply voltage changes from a first to a second value, the first and second values, and an electric potential difference by which the second electric power supply voltage changes when one switch switches between on and off.
Low loss multi-state phase shifter
A multi-state phase shifter circuit having both low insertion loss (IL) and good return loss. Two or more phase shift elements are combined into a single cell architecture to reduce the number of series-connected FET switches and reduce the total IL. One embodiment has two ports connected by parallel signal paths each comprising a pair of switches and a phase shift element comprising, for example, an inductor, a capacitor, a transmission line, or a conductor. Another embodiment has two ports connected by parallel signal paths each comprising a switch and at least one associated phase shift element. The switches in each parallel signal path allow the associated phase shift element to be placed in-circuit under the control of an applied signal. The sets of switches may be independently controlled, so that multiple parallel signal paths may be switched into circuit between the phase shifter circuit ports at the same time.
Variable RF filter and wireless apparatus
There is provided a variable RF filter receiving an input differential radio frequency signal from a differential input terminals and allowing a radio frequency signal around a desired frequency to pass therethrough, wherein first passive mixers driven by a rectangular wave clock signal having an arbitrarily determined frequency are connected in parallel to a signal line across the differential input terminals and differential output terminals, and wherein a load of each of the first passive mixers is configured by inductors. Further, as a clock signal driving each of the first passive mixers, an odd-multiple-wave Lo signal (for example, a triple-wave Lo signal) is used, the signal having a frequency odd-multiple times (for example, three times) as high as that of the Lo signal which is the fundamental wave of the passing radio frequency signal.
DC/DC electrical configuration for operating over a large span of input voltages
A DC/DC electrical configuration for operating over a large span of input voltages. The electrical configuration converter including a pre-filter, a voltage limiter; a first DC/DC converter; a second DC/DC converter; a step-down transformer; and a rectifier filter. The DC-DC electrical configuration safely operates in a presence of an input voltage that varies in magnitude.
Spectrum sensing radio receiver
A device includes a reconfigurable receiver front end having variable gain and variable bandwidth configured to tune to a plurality of communication channels in a communication band, the reconfigurable receiver front end responsive to a signal power level.
Semiconductor device, semiconductor system, and control method of semiconductor device
A semiconductor device includes a differential amplification circuit that outputs differential output signals Vo1 and Vo2, external output terminals PD1 and PD2 to which one of the differential output signals Vo1 and Vo2 and single end signals Vo3 and Vo4 is selectively supplied, switch units SW1 and SW2 that control a conduction state between the external output terminal PD1 and the feedback line and a conduction state between the external output terminal PD2 and the feedback line, respectively, resistance elements R1 and R2 respectively provided in series with the switch units SW1 and SW2, a CMFB circuit that controls a common mode voltage of the differential amplification circuit according to a difference between an intermediate voltage Vcm of the external output terminals PD1 and PD2 in the feedback line and a reference voltage Vref, and a switch unit SW3 that controls to supply a clamp voltage to the feedback line.
Switched inductor/transformer for dual-band low-noise amplifier (LNA)
Certain aspects of the present disclosure generally relate to an amplifier configured to process signals received in different frequency bands, where at least a portion of the amplifier is shared between different modes corresponding to the different frequency bands. One example circuit generally includes an amplifier having at least one first transistor configured to amplify a first signal received in a first mode of operation (e.g., associated with a particular frequency band), and at least one second transistor configured to amplify a second signal received in a second mode of operation. The amplifier may also include a transformer comprising a primary winding and a secondary winding, and one or more switches configured to selectively couple the primary winding to the first transistor or the second transistor based on the first mode or the second mode of operation, respectively. In certain aspects, the transformer may be coupled to a transconductance circuit.
Power amplification system with adaptive bias control
Power amplification system with adaptive bias control. In some embodiments a power amplification system includes a power amplifier including a radio-frequency (RF) input terminal for receiving an RF signal, an RF output terminal for providing an amplified RF signal, a supply voltage terminal for receiving a power amplifier supply voltage to power the power amplifier, and one or more bias terminals for receiving one or more bias signals. The power amplification system also includes a bias controller configured to provide the one or more bias signals to the one or more bias terminals, at least one of the one or more bias signals being based on the power amplifier supply voltage.
High-frequency semiconductor amplifier circuit
According to an embodiment, a high-frequency semiconductor amplifier circuit includes an input terminal and an output terminal. A gate of a first transistor is connected to the input terminal. A drain of the first transistor is connected to the output terminal. A second transistor is connected between a source of the first transistor and a reference potential terminal. A bias generation circuit has an input control signal terminal, a bias voltage terminal connected to the gate of the first transistor, a control voltage terminal connected to a gate of the second transistor, and an intermediate voltage terminal connected to the drain of the first transistor. The bias generation circuit supplies a control voltage, a bias voltage, and a first voltage according to the input control signal.
Amplifier with power dissipation reduction using single radio frequency digital-to-analog converter
The disclosed system and method provide for a CATV power amplifier in which power dissipation may be reduced by dynamically adjusting the amplifier bias such that the bias is high only when high peak output signals need to be produced. By combining a bias control signal and an RF data signal into a single signal produced by a single DA converter, the disclosed examples require fewer DA converters and a need to synchronize DA converters to produce each of the signals individually is eliminated. A low frequency signal may be added to the RF band to find an optimum compromise between positive and negative peak excursions produced by the amplifier such that an overall reduction in bias may be achieved.
Temperature based electric machine control
A vehicle having at least two electric machines includes an oil circulation path that circulates oil through the electric machines. A controller commands the electric machines to fulfill torque demands. The controller utilizes the oil temperature in the oil circulation path to control the commanded torque output by the electric machines. In the event of a failure or fault in an oil temperature sensor, the controller estimates the oil temperature from the temperature of coils within at least one of the electric machines. The estimated oil temperature is utilized instead of the sensed oil temperature to control the torque outputs to satisfy torque demands.
Electric power tool
An electric power tool includes: a brushless motor having a plurality of stator windings and configured to rotate in accordance with voltages applied to the plurality of stator windings, an induced voltage being generated in accordance with a rotation of the brushless motor; a rectifier circuit configured to rectify an AC voltage; a smoothing capacitor configured to smooth the AC voltage rectified by the rectifier circuit to a pulsation voltage having a maximum value larger than the induced voltage and a minimum value smaller than the induced voltage; and an inverter circuit configured to perform switching operations to output the pulsation voltage to the plurality of stator windings by rotation.
Method for controlling the motor of a synchronous reluctance motor for a pump and pump comprising a synchronous reluctance motor
A method and apparatus for controlling the motor of a synchronous reluctance motor for a pump, in particular a centrifugal pump, are provided. The motor includes a variable-frequency drive which controls the synchronous reluctance motor in a terminal volts/hertz operation. The pump, in particular a centrifugal pump, includes at least one synchronous reluctance motor and a variable-frequency drive for a motor control, the variable-frequency drive being a terminal volts/hertz variable-frequency drive.
Automated maximum sustained rate system and method
In the context of electric power generation facilities, a system and method that enable control of maximum sustained rate of change in output to accommodate changing load conditions and to facilitate efficient use of system resources are disclosed. In accordance with aspects of the disclosed subject matter, a ramp rate for an electric generator source may be set, operating parameters may be monitored, rates of change or discrepancies of the operating parameters over time may be computed; and output signals may then be used selectively to control certain system components.
Modified Halbach array generator
A generator is provided having a first array of magnets and a second array of magnets. The first array is typically disposed in a first elongated Halbach configuration and the second array of magnets is disposed in a second configuration. The first and second arrays are configured to manipulate a net flux field to form a figure eight flux field between the first and second arrays. At least one coil disposed between the first and second arrays, such that relative movement of the first and second arrays with respect to the first coil generates an electric current.
Control method for restarting permanent magnet synchronous motor with speed, device and system thereof
A control method for restarting a permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) in a rotating condition, and a device and a system thereof are provided. In the method, an electrical angular speed ωe of the PMSM is obtained based on a speed of a trailer to obtain a back electromotive force of the PMSM. The back electromotive force is compared with a voltage at a side of an inverter, and if the electromotive force of the permanent magnet synchronous motor is higher than the voltage at the side of the inverter, the restarting of the PMSM is forbidden, otherwise, the restarting of the PMSM is allowed. Therefore, in the present disclosure, the low-speed operating condition and the high-speed operating condition correspond to different position angles of the rotor, and the PMSM is started based on the position angle of the rotor.
MEMS actuator package architecture
A package for moving a platform in six degrees of freedom, is provided. The platform may include an optoelectronic device mounted thereon. The package includes an in-plane actuator which may be a MEMS actuator and an out-of-plane actuator which may be formed of a piezoelectric element. The in-plane MEMS actuator may be mounted on the out-of-plane actuator mounted on a recess in a PCB. The in-plane MEMS actuator includes a plurality comb structures in which fingers of opposed combs overlap one another, i.e. extend past each other's ends. The out-of-plane actuator includes a central portion and a plurality of surrounding stages that are connected to the central portion. The in-plane MEMS actuator is coupled to the out-of-plane Z actuator to provide three degrees of freedom to the payload which may be an optoelectronic device included in the package.
Power conversion device and vehicle drive system
To include a carrier-wave generation unit to generate a first carrier wave with a frequency higher than a modulation wave, and a second carrier wave with a frequency lower than the first carrier wave, a comparison unit to compare either the first carrier wave or the second carrier wave to the modulation wave in order to generate a switching signal. The carrier-wave generation unit outputs the second carrier wave when a modulation factor is lower than a threshold value, and outputs the first carrier wave when the modulation factor is equal to or higher than the threshold value. When the modulation factor is equal to or higher than the threshold value, a power conversion unit operates in an overmodulation mode, in which the switching operation is stopped during a period longer than one cycle of the second carrier wave.
A rectifier is described herein. According to one example, the rectifier includes a semiconductor substrate and further includes an anode terminal and a cathode terminal connected by a load current path of a first MOS transistor and a diode that is connected parallel to a load current path. An alternating input voltage is operably applied between the anode terminal and the cathode terminal. Further, the rectifier includes a control circuit that is configured to switch the first MOS transistor on for an on-time period, during which the diode is forward biased. The first MOS transistor, the diode, and the control circuit are integrated in the semiconductor substrate.
Rectifier with improved power factor
A rectifier circuit being arranged for rectifying electrical power, comprising a three phase power input, a magnetic splitter circuit being arranged for receiving the three phase power input and splitting the three phase power into a first three phase system and a second three phase system, the first three phase system having signals lagging signals of the second three phase system, a twelve pulse rectifier with six input terminal to connect the first and the second three phase system, and to generate a rectified electrical power at a power output, a three phase inductance being connected in series with the three phase power input and the magnetic splitter circuit, and a plurality of power factor correction (PFC) capacitors, each comprising first and second terminals, said first terminals being connected to respective input terminals of the twelve pulse rectifier, and the second terminals being connected to at least one common electrical point.
Folding plug with safety cover
The present invention relates to a novel AC/DC charging plug for use in slim or narrow situations. The AC/DC charging plug can include pivotally mounted lids used to cover AC contact pens. A connector assemble having a USB connector at one end and an axillary plug at the opposite end is also disclosed where the USB end of the connector assembly can be rotated 180 degrees relative to a cover and then slid into a concealed position.
Control method for self-commutated converter for controlling power exchange
A self-commutated converter is connected to further self-commutated converters by its AC voltage connection via an inductive component using a coupling point, which is common to all the converters, in an AC voltage network. An active power P and a frequency fN are determined from a network voltage at the coupling point and a converter current flowing via the inductive component. An active power difference value ΔP is supplied to an orthogonal controller and to a parallel controller. The output value from the parallel controller is used to minimize the reactive power exchanged between converter and coupling point. The frequency difference value Δf is supplied to a frequency controller and the output value from the frequency controller is logically combined with the output value from the orthogonal controller and the output value from the parallel controller, the frequency difference value Δf being simultaneously minimized.
Power conversion device
There is disclosed a power conversion apparatus 3 for converting polyphase ac power directly to ac power. A conversion circuit includes first switching devices 311, 313, 315 and second switching devices 312, 314, 316 connected, respectively, with the phases R, S, T of the polyphase ac power, and configured to enable electrical switching operation in both directions. There are provided input lines R, S, T connected with input terminals of the switching devices and output lines P, N connected with output terminals of the switching devices. The output terminals of the first switching devices and the output terminals of the second switching devices are, respectively, arranged in a row. The first switching devices and second switching devices are arranged side by side with respect to a direction of the rows. The output lines are disposed below the input lines in an up and down direction.
Power conversion apparatus
A power conversion apparatus including a transformer, a synchronous rectification (SR) transistor and an SR control circuit is provided. A first terminal of a primary side of the transformer receives an input voltage, and a first terminal of a secondary side outputs a DC voltage. A drain terminal of the SR transistor is coupled to a second terminal of the secondary side of the transformer. A source terminal of the SR transistor is coupled to a ground terminal. The SR control circuit receives a signal of the drain terminal of the SR transistor to serve it as a detection signal and generate a duty cycle signal. The SR control circuit converts the duty signal into a charging current and a discharging current so as to charge and discharge an energy-storage device and generate a first voltage. The SR control circuit turns off the SR transistor according to the first voltage.
Power supply with power factor correction and output-referenced energy reservoir
An ac-dc power supply includes a dc-dc converter coupled to an input of the ac-dc power supply. The input of the ac-dc power supply is coupled to receive an ac input voltage and an ac input current. The dc-dc converter includes a regulated output and a reservoir output. A controller is coupled to receive sense signals from the dc-dc converter. The controller is coupled to control the dc-dc converter to regulate the regulated output in response to the sense signals. The controller is further coupled to control a waveform of the ac input current to have a substantially same shape as a waveform of the ac input voltage. A regulator circuit is coupled to the regulated output and the reservoir output. The controller is coupled to the regulator circuit to control a transfer of energy from the reservoir output to the regulated output through the regulator circuit.
Method and apparatus for estimating load current for semi-resonant and resonant converters
A voltage converter includes a variable switching frequency power stage, a passive circuit and a control circuit. The power stage includes a high-side switch and a first low-side switch coupled to the high-side switch at a switching node of the power stage. The passive circuit couples the switching node to an output node of the voltage converter. The control circuit is operable to control cycle-by-cycle switching of the power stage and sample current at a point between the switching node and the output node, the sampled current having a half cycle sinusodial-like shape each switching cycle. For the present switching cycle, the control circuit is operable to calculate an average of the sampled current for the immediately preceding switching cycle and estimate the average sampled current for the present switching cycle based on the average sampled current calculated for the immediately preceding switching cycle.
Current sensing using capacitor voltage ripple in hybrid capacitor/inductor power converters
A DC-to-DC power converter includes a power stage, an output stage and a ripple magnitude detector. The power stage includes a plurality of transistors, an energy transfer capacitor coupled between at least two of the transistors, and a switch node. The output stage includes an inductor coupled between switch node and a voltage output. The ripple magnitude detector detects a magnitude of a change in voltage across the energy transfer capacitor and determines an amount of current though the inductor based on the magnitude of the change in voltage across the energy transfer capacitor.
Dynamic voltage regulation
An apparatus for providing a local reference voltage for a voltage regulator includes a reference capacitor configured to provide the local reference voltage, a charge pump configured to push current to, or pull current from, the reference capacitor according to one or more control inputs received by the charge pump, and a boosting circuit configured to add or subtract a discrete quantity of charge to the reference capacitor according to one or more boosting control signals. A boosting control circuit may be configured to disconnect a boosting capacitor from the reference capacitor during a first phase of a control cycle and connect the boosting capacitor to the reference capacitor during a second phase of the control cycle. The boosting capacitor may be pre-charged (to add charge) or discharged (to subtract charge) during the first phase of the control cycle. A corresponding method is also disclosed herein.
Apparatuses and methods for charge pump regulation
Certain embodiments of the present invention include an apparatus comprising a charge pump, configured to provide an output voltage at an output node of the charge pump, and a charge pump regulator circuit coupled to the charge pump. One such charge pump regulator circuit is configured to control the charge pump to increase the output voltage during a first period of time. Such a charge pump regulator circuit can also cause a node of a circuit coupled to the output node of the charge pump to reach a target voltage level during a second time period.
Bulk capacitor switching for power converters
In one example, a circuit includes a voltage rail, a reference node, a first capacitor, and a capacitor module. The first capacitor is coupled to the voltage rail and to the reference node. The capacitor module includes a second capacitor and a switching unit. The switching unit is configured to operate in a closed state and an open state. The switching unit couples the second capacitor in parallel with the first capacitor in the closed state. The switching unit decouples the second capacitor from the first capacitor in the open state.
System and method for optimizing fundamental frequency modulation for a cascaded multilevel inverter
A system and a method for optimizing fundamental frequency modulation in a cascaded multilevel inverter (CMI) are provided. The CMI includes at least a first H-bridge module and a second H-bridge module connected in series with the first H-bridge module. The first H-bridge module is operated according to a first duty cycle and the second H-bridge module is operated according to a second duty cycle. The first duty cycle is greater than the second duty cycle. The first and second H-bridge modules are controlled utilizing fundamental frequency modulation. A portion of the first duty cycle is transferred to the second duty cycle thereby optimizing fundamental frequency modulation by at least improving power sharing between the first and second H-bridge modules and improving equalization of DC capacitor currents and voltage ripples while maintaining the same fundamental modulation to the output voltage waveform.
Boost devices with active diodes and switch-mode converters thereof
A switch-mode converter includes a high-side driver, a high-side transistor, a low-side driver, a low-side transistor, a capacitor, and an active diode. The high-side driver is supplied by the bootstrap voltage of the bootstrap node and a floating reference voltage of a floating reference node, and generates the high-side output signal. The high-side transistor provides an input voltage to the floating reference node according to the high-side output signal. The low-side driver generates the low-side output signal. The low-side transistor couples the floating reference node to a ground according to the low-side output signal. The capacitor is coupled between the bootstrap node and the floating reference node. The active diode provides the supply voltage to the bootstrap node. When the bootstrap voltage exceeds the supply voltage, the active diode isolates the supply voltage from the bootstrap node.
A vibration motor includes a fixed member, a vibration unit, and an elastic member. The vibration unit includes a first weight, a second weight, and a magnet sandwiched by the first and second weights. The motor further includes a first positioning guiding member including a first weight guiding rail, a first base guiding rail, a first movement rail formed by the first weight guiding rail and the first base guiding rail, and a plurality of magnetic bodies disposed at one side of the first movement rail; a second positioning guiding member including a second weight guiding rail, a second base guiding rail, a pair of second movement rails formed by the second weight guiding rail and the second base guiding rail, and a magnetic body disposed between the second movement rails.
A drive device includes a motor, having a stator on which a winding wire group is wound, a rotor disposed relative to the stator, and a shaft rotating in one body with the rotor are included, a controller disposed on one axial end of the motor and having a substrate on which electronic components for controlling a power supply to the winding wire group are implemented, a frame member facing the substrate and having a substrate supporter that supports the substrate in a contacting manner, a boss protruding from the frame member toward the substrate, and an engager fixedly disposed on the substrate and having elastically-deformable multiple claws that engagingly hold the boss in a binding manner. This arrangement reduces the volume of the drive device.
Sensorless control of a DC synchronous machine
An assembly for operating a DC synchronous machine according to an exemplary aspect of the present disclosure includes, among other things, a controller that is configured to determine a position of a rotating portion utilizing a carrier signal, adjust current supply to a field winding, and monitor and adjust operation of the DC synchronous machine based on various electrical parameters relating to the carrier signal. A method for operating a DC synchronous machine is also disclosed.
Brushless direct current vibrational motor
A BLDC vibrational motor is provided, which is improved so as to generate a larger vibrational force per same volume compared to prior arts. A cylindrical bearing is fixed to a doughnut-shaped permanent magnet directly so that the magnet can be disposed as close as possible to the center of rotation, and thus coils can have a reduced volume and be disposed as close as possible to the center of rotation. The external space of the coils can be secured larger as much as the movement of position of the coils, and the weight takes up the space for rotation, so that volume of the weight can be enlarged. Thus, the weight can be extended and disposed to the external space of the coils, it is possible for a vibration motor with a small volume to generate a large vibrational force, which facilitates slim designs of the vibrational motor.
Armature for rotating electric machine
An armature for a rotating electric machine is provided. The armature includes a wedge that prevents separation of coils by supporting the coils disposed at left and right sides in a slot while closing an opening in the slot in which the coils are wound is provided. The wedge includes a body portion that is inserted into the slot, and has a “V” shape. Both ends of the body portion are coupled to latch grooves adjacent to a core, and separation prevention portions form bent regions at both ends of the body portion and are integrally connected to the body portion. The separation prevention portions are arranged adjacent to each other in the slot, and support the body portion.
Vacuum gap generators and motors
In one embodiment, a generator or an alternating current (AC) motor includes a stator and a rotor. The rotor is configured to rotate at least partially within the stator or around the stator and is separated from the stator by a gap having a partial vacuum. The rotor includes a shaft configured to permit a flow of coolant and a plurality of microchannels formed within the rotor. The microchannels are fluidly coupled to the shaft and are configured to permit the coolant to pass from the shaft through at least a portion of the rotor in order to provide cooling for the rotor.
Double saliency exterior rotor switched reluctance machine with increasing and decreasing flux linkages and permanent magnets
An exterior rotor switched reluctance machine includes a stator, a rotor adjacent the stator and adjacent a housing, the housing connected to the stator. The stator further includes a back iron, a set of stator poles connected to the back iron and a set of windings disposed between the set of stator poles. The rotor, connected to a shaft and rotatively coupled to the stator, further includes a set of rotor segments. The set of windings includes a set of phases, each phase experiencing a flux linkage that varies with an angular position of the rotor. The apparatus operates as a motor in response to selectively energizing the set of phases with a set of current pulses. The apparatus operates as a generator in response to rotating the shaft.
Controlling a wireless power transmitter based on human presence
Techniques for proximity sensing in a wireless power transmitter in a system, method, and apparatus are described herein. For example, an apparatus may include a transmitter coil configured to generate a magnetic field. The apparatus may also include a controller configured to reduce a strength of the magnetic field based on a proximity detection of an object.
Power transmission apparatus, power transmission device and power reception device for power transmission apparatus
In a power transmission apparatus which transmits power from a power transmission device to a power reception device in a noncontact manner, the power transmission device includes a first main body supporting the power reception device on adjacent first and second surfaces, and a power transmission coil formed by planar coils which are respectively symmetrically disposed on the first and second surfaces with respect to an intersection between the first and second surfaces inside the first main body, and includes an extension region in which an occupation area of the coils gradually increases while becoming distant from a part close to the intersection. The power reception device includes a second main body that includes third and fourth surfaces which respectively face the first and second surfaces, and a power reception coil disposed in the second main body so as to correspond to the third and fourth surfaces.
Wireless inductive power transfer
An inductive power transfer system is arranged to transfer power from a power transmitter (101) to a power receiver (103) via a wireless power signal. The system supports communication from the power transmitter (101) to the power receiver (105) based on load modulation of the power signal. The power receiver (105) transmitting (507) a first message to the power transmitter (101) which comprises a standby power signal requirement for the power signal during a standby phase. The power transmitter (101) receives (507) the message, and when the system enters the standby phase, the power transmitter (101) provides the power signal in accordance with the standby power signal requirement during. A power receiver configurable standby phase is provided which may for example allow devices to maintain battery charge or to provide fast initialization of the power transfer phase.
A non-contact charger includes a position detector, a determination unit, a primary coil, a coil moving unit, and a controller. The position detector detects placement of an electronic device, which incorporates a secondary coil, onto a top plate of the non-contact charger. The determination unit determines whether the electronic device is placed onto the top plate of the non-contact charger from a lateral direction. When the determination unit determines that the electronic device is placed onto the top plate from the lateral direction, the controller instructs the coil moving unit to wait for a predetermined period of time in moving the primary coil. After the waiting for the predetermined period of time to delay the movement of the primary coil, the controller moves the primary coil toward a position of the secondary coil of the electronic device.
Initial charging method and production method for lithium-ion battery
An initial charging method for a lithium-ion battery according to this embodiment includes preparing a cell having a positive electrode, a negative electrode, and an electrolyte and charging the cell by using voltages based on the amount of change in a capacity of the cell per unit voltage as a specified voltage.
Power supply-demand adjusting apparatus, power system and power supply-demand adjusting method
Acquisition unit 184 acquires an adjustment period in which power supply and demand is adjusted, and adjustment power which is power to be adjusted in the adjustment period. Adjustment target determining unit 185 requests an adjustment target storage battery to be charged or discharged at a predetermined electricity rate in the adjustment period and determines, based on the adjustment power, adjustment target storage batteries from among the storage batteries that have responded to the request. In the adjustment period, control unit 186 causes the adjustment target storage batteries to charge or discharge electricity at the predetermined electricity rate and causes a non-adjusted storage battery that is different from the adjustment target storage battery to charge or discharge electricity at an electricity rate different from the predetermined electricity rate.
Short circuit wake-up system and method for automotive battery while in key-off position
The present disclosure includes an automotive battery system including a first battery that couples to an electrical system. Additionally, the first battery includes a first battery chemistry. Further, the automotive battery system includes a second battery coupled in parallel with the first battery and couples to the electrical system. Furthermore, the automotive battery system includes a first switch coupled to a positive terminal of the second battery, which electrically couples or decouples the second battery to or from the electrical system. Moreover, the automotive battery system includes a battery control unit that detects a short circuit condition of the first battery, the second battery, or both and decouples the second battery from the electrical system by opening the first switch upon detecting the short circuit condition.
Battery cell with discretion to drive loads within battery stack
Embodiments of the present invention are directed to improved battery packaging designs. The battery pack design may include a battery cell, a plurality of transistors, and a controller. The transistors may be coupled to the terminals of the battery cell in an H-bridge configuration. The controller may control the transistors to bypass the battery cell based on the current flowing between the output terminals of the battery pack. In such a manner, the controller may prevent damage to the battery cell and improve the overall safety of the battery pack in hazardous conditions. Moreover, the design may allow for more efficient charging/discharging of the cells that are most ready to accept/supply current.
Multilevel converter and method utilizing blocking periods for balancing the voltages of capacitors of the submodules of the multilevel converter
A multilevel converter has a central device for controlling operations and a plurality of series-connected sub modules that each has a first switch, a second switch, and a capacitor. At least two of the sub modules form a multi module, wherein, in charging phases and in discharging phases of the multi module, one of the switches of each sub module is switched off and the other switch of each sub module is switched on. The multi module has a control device that is connected to the central device and undertakes control of the sub modules of the multi module on the basis of control signals from the central device. The control device is configured such that it monitors the capacitor voltages of the sub modules and, in the event of an imbalance in the capacitor voltages, brings about balancing.
Power supply for use with a slow-response power source
A power supply is described herein which provides power to a load, such as a load including one or more computing devices. The power supply uses a slow-response power source (such as a fuel-driven mechanism) to handle a slow-moving component of the demand level presented by the load, and uses a fast-response power source (such as a battery or a capacitor, etc.) to handle a fast-moving component of the demand level. By virtue of this approach, the power supply can manage the load level as it appears to the slow-response power source, allowing, in turn, the slow-response power source to service even fast-changing loads—a task which it could not otherwise perform due to its native limitations.
Mobile device charging stations and methods for making same
A mobile device charging station(s) for charging one or more mobile devices, including a substantially planar member having an upper end and a lower end; a channel disposed substantially at the lower end of the planar member; an electronic circuit for charging the one or more mobile devices; and one or more cables having a first end in electrical communication with the electronic circuit and a second end extending through the planar member and terminating substantially proximal to the channel for connecting with the one or more mobile devices.
Systems and methods for battery charging and management
A charging device can include an input interface for receiving electrical power from a power source and an output interface for outputting electrical power to a mobile electronic device. The charging device can include a supplemental battery. A bypass electrical pathway can couple the input interface to the output interface to pass electrical charge from the power supply through the charging device to the mobile electronic device. A charging electrical pathway can couple the input interface to the supplemental battery. A discharge electrical pathway can couple the supplemental battery to the output interface. The bypass electrical pathway can include a voltage modifier configured to modify the voltage output by the output interface. The charging device can be configured to empirically determine the power capacity of the power supply. The charging device can monitor temperatures and/or battery health information, which can be used to reduce current or disable the charging device.
Frequency division multiplexing for wireless power providers
Disclosed are various embodiments for frequency-division multiplexing for wireless power providers using guided surface waveguide probes to transmit power. Guided surface waveguide probes may transmit power on multiple frequencies with potentially overlapping service areas. Frequency-agile wireless power receivers may tune to one or more frequencies. Cost, availability, and/or other information may be provided to the wireless power receivers. Power usage may be reported by the wireless power receivers to power providers.
Object identification system and method
An object identification system includes a guided surface waveguide probe that produces a guided surface wave; and an object identification tag having a receive structure and a tag circuit, the tag circuit coupled to the receive structure and electrically powered as a load on the probe by conversion of the guided surface wave to electrical current at the receive structure, the tag circuit configured to emit a return signal containing a tag identifier when electrically powered by presence of the guided surface wave.
Power control current sharing circuit
A load balancing circuit comprising a first power source, a first field effect transistor (FET) device having a drain terminal connected to the first power source and a source terminal connected to a first node, a first resistor connected to the first node and a second node, a load connected to the second node, a second FET device having a drain terminal connected to the first node and a source terminal connected to the second node, a third FET device having a collector terminal connected to a gate terminal of the first FET device and an emitter terminal connected to the second node, and a second resistor connected to a base terminal of the third FET device and the first node.
System of power generation
A power generation system (200) comprises a photovoltaic device (201) and a voltage source (202). The voltage source (202) is arranged to raise the bias voltage across the photovoltaic device (201), thereby increasing the power output of the power generation system (200).
Inverter with at least two DC inputs, photovoltaic system comprising such an inverter and method for controlling an inverter
The disclosure relates to an inverter with at least two DC inputs, which are coupled to a common DC link, which is connected to an inverter bridge. At least one of the DC inputs is coupled to an additional DC link. The disclosure also relates to a PV system comprising such an inverter and to a method for controlling such an inverter of a PV system, wherein a power flow from at least one of the DC inputs is directed into the common DC link and/or into the additional DC link on the basis of suitably coordinated control of the DC-DC converter and of an additional DC-DC converter allocated to the additional DC link.
Unified power flow controller for double-circuit line
A unified power flow controller for a double-circuit transmission line comprises at least one parallel-connection transformer, three current converters, at least two series-connection transformers, a parallel-connection side switching circuit, a series-connection side switching circuit and a direct current common bus. The series-connection transformers connected with at least one group of by-pass switches in parallel. The three current converters connected to each loop line in series after being connected with at least one series-connection transformer through the series-connection side switching circuit. The three current converters connected to an alternating current system after connected with at least one parallel-connection transformer through a parallel-connection side switching circuit starting circuit. The three current converters are connected to the direct current common bus through a transfer switch.
Systems and methods for controlled startup of electrical devices loading a power line
An electrical system having a plurality of devices is supplied with power by a common power supply line. One of the devices has a circuit that slows or delays device startup or activation in response to a signal indicative of power demand, draw or use by another of the plurality of devices supplied with power by the common power supply line.
Demand response device configured to provide comparative consumption information relating to proximate users or consumers
Aspects of the subject technology relate to a demand response device that is configured to receive comparison report information from a notification system, wherein the notification system is configured to execute steps including receiving at least one temperature report for each of a plurality of demand response devices, and identifying two or more demand response devices that share a common geographic location. In some aspects, a notification system of the subject technology can be further configured for generating a comparison report, wherein the comparison report is based on the ambient temperature information and the geolocation data for at least two of the plurality of demand response devices.
Method of and apparatus for protecting a switch, such as a MEMS switch, and to a MEMS switch including such a protection apparatus
A method of and apparatus for protecting a MEMS switch is provided. The method and apparatus improve the integrity of MEMS switches by reducing their vulnerability to current flow through them during switching of the MEMS switch between on and off or vice versa. The protection circuit provides for a parallel path, known as a shunt, around the MEMS component. However, components within the shunt circuit can themselves be removed from the shunt when they are not required. This improves the electrical performance of the shunt when the switch is supposed to be in an off state.
Electrostatic protection circuit
An electrostatic protection circuit includes a trigger circuit that is connected between a first power line and a second power line. The trigger circuit is configured to output a trigger signal in response to a voltage fluctuation between the first and second power lines. A shunt element has a main current path between the first power line and the second power line and is controllable to be on and off using the trigger signal. A control circuit is configured to supply a control signal to turn off the shunt element when a current value of the main current path of the shunt element exceeds a predetermined threshold value.
Modular blade cartridge for a cable stripping tool and a stripping tool utilizing a modular blade cartridge
A cable stripping tool for preparing a coaxial cable for insertion into a coaxial cable connector includes a receptacle, a cartridge, and a biasing member. The receptacle defines an opening for receiving an end of the coaxial cable, and the opening defines an axis along which an elongate of the coaxial cable extends into the receptacle. The cartridge is disposed in the receptacle and is slidable in a back-and-forth direction substantially orthogonal to the axis of the opening. The cartridge holds at least one cutting blade, which has a blade edge extending substantially orthogonal to the axis of the opening. The biasing member is configured to bias the cartridge toward a first stop surface of the receptacle disposed at an opposite side of the opening relative to the cartridge.
Surface-emitting semiconductor laser, method for producing the same, surface-emitting semiconductor laser device, optical transmission device, and information processing device
A surface-emitting semiconductor laser includes a first semiconductor multilayer film reflector, an active region, a second semiconductor multilayer film reflector, and a current confinement layer including an oxidized region formed by selective oxidation. The current confinement layer includes a first semiconductor layer having a relatively high Al content, a second semiconductor layer that is adjacent to the first semiconductor layer on an active-region side of the first semiconductor layer and has a lower Al content than the first semiconductor layer, and a composition-gradient layer adjacent to the first semiconductor layer on a side of the first semiconductor layer which is opposite to the active-region side. A portion of the composition-gradient layer which faces the first semiconductor layer has a lower Al content than the first semiconductor layer.
Laser module with meniscus collimating lens
Laser module including a meniscus collimating lens. In some embodiments, a monolithic material having an index of at least 2.0 provides a concave lens surface proximal to an emission surface of the laser and a convex lens surface distal from the emission surface. In some embodiments, a perimeter of the collimating lens has a face-flat that may be disposed directly against a reference surface while the concave lens surface is separated from the emission surface. The meniscus lens may advantageously provide reduced angle of ray incidence and require lower asphericity relative to a plano-convex collimating lens.
Opto-electronic device and pulse processing method
An opto-electronic device (100) for processing optical and electric pulses includes a photoconductor device (10) with a sensor section (11) which is made of a band gap material and which has electrical sensor contacts (12, 13), and a signal processing device (20) which is connected with the sensor contacts (12, 13), wherein the photoconductor device (10) is adapted to create a photocurrent between the sensor contacts (12, 13) in response to an irradiation with ultra-short driving laser pulses (1) having a photon energy smaller than the energy band gap of the band gap material, having a non-zero electric field component (3) oriented parallel with a line (4) between the electrical sensor contacts (12, 13), and causing a charge carrier displacement in the band gap material, and wherein the signal processing device (20) is configured for an output of an electric signal being characteristic for at least one of carrier-envelope phase (CE phase), intensity, temporal properties, spectral intensity and spectral phase of the driving laser pulses (1). Furthermore, a laser source device including the opto-electronic device and pulse processing method for processing optical and electric pulses are described.
Slip ring having multiple brushes axially applied to a segmented busbar
The disclosed invention is a slip ring assembly that provides electrical power transfer to centrifugal turbomachinery while minimizing or eliminating the presence of wires in the flow path. The device transfers electrical power through a set of wires connected to a plurality of brushes that are held rotationally stationary, but allowed to displace axially or radially through a set of springs. The brushes make contact with conductive busbar rings, transferring electricity to the busbar rings. The busbar rings rotate with the centrifugal turbomachine with a set of wires that connect the busbar rings to the blades or other aerodynamic surfaces of the centrifugal turbomachine.
Electrical outlet having rotatable receptacles
An electrical outlet that is configured with rotating receptacles so as to facilitate the accommodation of large electrical plugs simultaneously. The electrical outlet includes a housing having a plurality of walls configured to form an interior volume. A first receptacle and a second receptacle are rotatably secured on the front wall of the housing. The first receptacle and the second receptacle include rotation rings having a plurality of notches circumferentially formed thereon. A plurality of keepers are present and are operable to engage the rotation rings. The first receptacle and the second receptacle include connection assembly that are configured to electrically couple the first receptacle and second receptacle to a conducting bar disposed at the rear of the housing. The connection assemblies include a union manufactured from copper.
Connector attachable to a cable which comprises a plurality of signal cables and wire harness using the same
A connector is attachable to a front end of a cable in a front-rear direction. The cable comprises coated signal cables and an outer member which protects the signal cables. The connector comprises terminals, a holding member, a shell, an assigned portion and an impedance adjusting portion. The terminals are attached to the signal cables, respectively, under an attached state where the connector is attached to the front end of the cable. The holding member holds the terminals. The shell covers the holding member to have a predetermined surface which intersects with a perpendicular direction perpendicular to the front-rear direction. The assigned portion is located on the outer member of the cable under the attached state. The impedance adjusting portion is located forward of the assigned portion in the front-rear direction and located inward in the perpendicular direction in comparison with both the predetermined surface and the assigned portion.
Explosion proof connector
A pair of connectors comprises a first connector with a first contact and a second connector with a second contact. The connectors are configured for attachment to one another along an attachment axis. The connectors are movable relative to one another between a first configuration and a third configuration via a second configuration. The connectors are attached to one another in the first configuration and in the second configuration, and can only be detached from one another from the third configuration. The contacts of the connectors are touching in the first configuration, and are not touching in the second configuration. Movement of the connectors between the first and second configurations requires the connectors to undergo a first manipulation. Movement of the connectors between the second and third configurations requires the connectors to undergo a second manipulation which is different to the first manipulation.
Wiring harness plug connector
A wiring harness plug connector. The wiring harness plug connector encompasses a contact carrier and at least one electrical lead. The contact carrier has at least one passthrough conduit for the at least one electrical lead. The at least one electrical lead is passed through the passthrough conduit in an insertion direction. The contact carrier has, in front of the at least one passthrough conduit when viewed in the insertion direction, a partition that surrounds a sealing space. Provision is made that the sealing space is filled with a sealant in such a way, and that the sealant at least locally fills up the at least one passthrough conduit in such a way, that the at least one electrical lead is surrounded in fluid-tight fashion.
Connector terminal and method of assembling the same
A connector terminal with a unit-mountable connector of that includes a connector body having an adapter engagement end and a unit engagement end, and a mounting member therebetween for mounting the connector body to a unit. An insert extends through the connector body and has an inner bore extending between a cable interface end and a unit interface end, and a connector body interface portion between the ends. One or more double-sided contacts are received in the insert. The double-sided contact is one-piece with one end that is a cable termination end configured to terminate to a conductor of a cable and an opposite end that is a unit termination end configured to terminate to a conductor of the unit. The unit-mountable connector is adapted to mate with a cable sealing adapter. The cable sealing adapter is devoid of contact.
Seal member and waterproof connector
A seal (30) to be mounted into a rear part of a housing 20 and is formed with seal holes (32) configured to allow wires (26) connected to rear parts of terminal fittings (24) to pass therethrough in a liquid-tight manner. The seal (30) includes a body (31) constituting rear areas (32R) of the seal holes (32) and having an outer peripheral lip (37) formed on an outer periphery. An area between inner peripheries of the seal holes (32) and the outer peripheral lip (37) defines a solid resilient portion (39). Following portions (40) project forwardly of the outer peripheral lip (37) from a front surface of the body (31). The following portions (40) constitute front areas (32F) of the seal holes (32) and are resiliently deformable in directions intersecting a penetrating direction of the seal holes (32).
Spring contact, socket including spring contact, and method for manufacturing spring contact
An interior body includes a spring portion, a movable portion, and a fixing portion, which are integrated together and formed by bending a first metal plate having a high modulus of elasticity. An exterior body is formed by bending a second metal plate having low electric resistance. A movable portion of the interior body includes a contact portion and elastic arms. Each of the elastic arms includes, at its tip portion, an elastically pressing portion elastically pressed against a tubular internal surface of the exterior body.
Cable or conduit connector with jacket retention feature
Connectors and methods for attaching connectors to one or more cables and/or conduits are disclosed. The disclosed connectors and methods may secure an outer surface of the cable (e.g., an outer jacket of a cable) or conduit. A front coupler sleeve engages a sub-assembly comprising a back coupler sleeve and an actuator sleeve disposed around the cable or conduit. During engagement of an inner surface of the front coupler sleeve and an outer surface of the back coupler sleeve, an at least partially annular protrusion of the back coupler sleeve is displaced radially inwardly to secure the outer surface of the cable or conduit.
Fastener, shield, and corresponding systems and methods
A system (100) includes a threaded boss (101) defining a central axis (104), a metal panel (102), and a fastener (103) to couple the metal panel to the threaded boss. The fastener includes a threaded shaft (105) terminating at a paddle (106), which can be oblong. The metal panel can define an oblong aperture (112), where the paddle is to pass through the oblong aperture when rotated (115) to a first rotational alignment (113) about the central axis. The metal panel can also include one or more retention contours (116,117) disposed adjacent to the oblong aperture. Each retention contour can include a ramp (118,120) defined by a curved central axis (305) and a retention bridge (119,121) defining a recess (122,123) to receive the oblong paddle when rotated to a second rotational alignment (114) about the central axis.
Connecting terminal and method for fitting a connecting terminal
A connecting terminal for connecting at least two electrical conductors to one another, wherein the connecting terminal has at least two separate housing parts which are mechanically connected to one another and each have a conductor insertion opening for at least one electrical conductor which is to be connected on opposite housing sides, wherein there is a first spring-force clamping connection for making electrical contact with a first electrical conductor in a first housing part of the at least two separate housing parts, and there is a second spring-force clamping connection for making electrical contact with the second electrical conductor in the second housing part of the at least two separate housing parts. A method for fitting a connecting terminal for connecting at least two electrical conductors is also provided.
Arrangement for an electrical connector
An arrangement for an electrical connector is disclosed. The arrangement has a first connector portion and a second connector portion which can be folded relative to each other, the first connector portion having an insulation displacement contact and the second connector portion having a cable pressing face facing the insulation displacement contact, and a fitting sleeve having inner faces fitting over the first and second connector portions in a fitting direction, the inner faces extending towards each other counter to the fitting direction.
An active antenna (100, 200, 300) comprising a driving loop with first (103) and second (105) sections, each of which extends between end points. Each end point of each section (103, 105) is connected to the closest end point of the other section by a reflection amplifier (101, 106). One reflection amplifier (106) comprises differential ports for signals to/from the active antenna. The active antenna also comprises a passive loop with first (107) and second (108) sections, each of which extends between end points. Each end point of each section (107, 108) is connected to the closest end point of the other section by a reflection amplifier (102, 104). The driving loop and the passive loop extend in parallel to each other and the first and the second section (103, 105; 107, 108) of each of the loops form separated complementary parts of a closed geometrical shape and are built in open waveguide technology.
Antenna pattern matching and mounting
A technique for improving wireless communication characteristics involving matching transmitter antenna patterns to receiver antenna patterns. In a specific implementation, the transmitter antenna pattern adapts to changing parameters, such as when a smartphone is initially held in a first orientation and is later held in a second orientation. Because the transmitter antenna patterns match the receiver antenna patterns, signal quality between stations improves. In some implementations, antennas are organized and mounted to maximize spatial diversity to cause peak gains in different directions.
Wideband twin beam antenna array
A wideband antenna includes a plurality of radiating elements arranged in an array and a feed network. The feed network includes at least one frequency dependent power divider for varying the amplitude of a signal provided to at least two of the plurality of radiating elements as a function of a frequency of a signal. The feed network may further comprise a plurality of inputs and the antenna may produce a plurality of beams. The frequency dependent divider may comprise a power divider having a first output and a second output, a 90° hybrid, having a first input coupled to the first output of the power divider, and a second input, and a delay line, coupled between the second output of the power divider and the second input of the 90° hybrid.
Apparatus and methods for generating an electromagnetic wave having a wave mode that mitigates interference
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, receiving an electrical signal, and generating on an outer surface of a transmission medium, according to the electrical signal, electromagnetic waves having a target wave mode. At least a portion of electric fields of the electromagnetic waves has a spatial alignment that reduces a propagation loss of the electromagnetic waves when the electric fields of the electromagnetic waves propagate through a substance disposed on the outer surface of the transmission medium in a direction of propagation of the electromagnetic waves. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Multilayer coil device, antenna module, and wireless communication module
A multilayer coil device includes a multilayer body including first and second coil conductors each having a winding planar shape and a magnetic shield member having a planar shape. Winding regions of the first and second coil conductors partially overlap each other as seen in a direction in which the winding axes extend. The magnetic shield member is between the first and second coil conductors in the direction in which the winding axes extend and overlaps a first region where the first and second coil conductors overlap each other and does not overlap at least a portion of a second region where the first and second coil conductors do not overlap each other.
The present invention relates to an antenna for wireless application made from a component of an electronic device, said component being attached to the casing of the electronic device and comprising a conductive part and at least one mounting pin made of conductive material, the conductive part forming the radiating element of the antenna and the mounting pin being connected electrically to a feed line of the antenna and to a ground plane by a shunt.
mmWave antennas and transmission lines on standard substrate materials
A method including disposing a transmission line or an antenna on dielectric material; and removing a portion of the dielectric material from a region adjoining the transmission line or the antenna where the electromagnetic radiation from the transmission line or the antenna is predetermined to be greater than another portion of the dielectric material. An apparatus including a package substrate including a transmission line coupled to an antenna, the transmission line and the antenna disposed on a dielectric layer including an organic dielectric material having a first dielectric constant and a second material having a dielectric constant less than the first dielectric constant, wherein the second dielectric material adjoins a portion of the transmission line or the antenna.
Digital radio receiver system
A digital radio receiver system is provided as a single module for retro-fit connection to the external antenna connector of a vehicle or the like. The system includes an antenna connected to a radio receiver which is configured to scan and receive digital radio channels through the antenna. There is also a wireless communications module for wirelessly transmitting to an external display and control unit information relating to the available channels and for receiving back a selected channel. A transmitter is provided for decoding a selected channel and transmitting it as a modulated signal down a wired feed from the eternal antenna connector to an analog radio head unit for output on a given channel. A renewable energy unit is provided on the module for powering the receiver, communications module and transmitter.
Antenna device and electronic apparatus including antenna device
An antenna device includes a casing including a metal casing portion and a feed coil. The metal casing portion includes a main surface, a side surface connected to the main surfaces, and a notch portion located in the side surface. The feed coil is disposed inside the casing to be coupled with the metal casing portion by a magnetic field, and includes a winding central portion forming a coil opening portion. The feed coil is disposed near the notch portion, with the coil opening portion directed to a region including the notch portion.
Articulating information handling system housing wireless network antennae supporting beamforming
First and second antenna disposed in an information handling system selectively support communication through a wireless frequency using beamforming. The first or second antenna is selected for initiating communication based upon alignment with a beamforming axis for establishing beamforming with a distal wireless device. For example, the first antenna is selected if the information handling system articulates to a tablet configuration and the second antenna is selected if the information handling system articulates to a clamshell open configuration.
Electrochromic cell for radio-frequency applications
A disclosed electrical cell enables experimental measurements of dielectric properties of an electrochromic material in the radio-frequency range of the electromagnetic spectrum. In an example embodiment, the electrical cell includes a layer of the electrochromic material under test that is sandwiched between a conducting base plane and a microstrip line. The conducting base plane and the microstrip line are electrically connected to a co-planar waveguide configured for application of superimposed DC-bias and RF-probe signals using a conventional probe station and a vector network analyzer. The S-parameters of the electrical cell measured in this manner can then be used, e.g., to obtain the complex dielectric constant of the electrochromic material under test as a function of frequency.
Composition including a pentacyclic anion salt and use thereof as a battery electrolyte
A composition including: (i) a lithium salt of imidazole compound of formula (I): wherein Rf is a fluorinated alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, or a fluorine atom; and (ii) at least one cation selected from the group A including sodium, potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, strontium, vanadium, ammonium, silver, aluminium, arsenic, barium, silicon, cadmium, cobalt, chromium, copper, nickel, lead, antimony, selenium, tin, strontium and titanium; and (iii) at least one anion chosen from the group B including fluoride, chloride, nitrate, sulphate, phosphate, trifluoroacetate, pentafluoroacetate and the anion of formula (II), with all the cation(s) and anion(s) being more than 0 wt % and at most 1 wt % of the composition. Also, the preparation of the composition as well as to the use of the composition as a battery electrolyte.
Solid electrolyte and method of manufacturing solid electrolyte
[Problem to be Solved] An object is to provide a solid electrolyte which is improved in relative density while having favorable lithium-ion conductivity and which can be preferably employed in a lithium-air battery and the like, and a method of manufacturing the same.[Solution] In a solid electrolyte satisfying formula (I): Li1+XM1XM2YTi2−X−Y(PO4)3 (I) (in formula (I), M1 is one or more elements selected from the group consisting of Al3+, Cu3+, Co3+, Fe3+, Ni3+, Ga3+, Cr3+, and Sc3+, M2 is one or more elements selected from the group consisting of Si4+, Ge4+, Sn4+, Hf4+, and Zr4+, and X and Y are real numbers satisfying X+Y≤1), the solid electrolyte has a NASICON-type crystal structure, and lattice constants of the NASICON-type crystal structure are such that a length along an a-axis is 0.8 nm or more and a length along a c-axis is 2.8 nm or less. Moreover, in a solid electrolyte satisfying formula (II): Li1+X−YAlXNbYTi2−X−Y(PO4)3 (II) (in formula (II), X and Y are real numbers satisfying X+Y≤1), the solid electrolyte has a NASICON-type crystal structure.
Sulfide solid electrolyte material, battery, and producing method for sulfide solid electrolyte material
A main object of the present invention is to provide a sulfide solid electrolyte material having favorable ion conductivity and low reduction potential. The present invention solves the above-mentioned problem by providing a sulfide solid electrolyte material including an M1 element (such as a Li element), an M2 element (such as a Ge element, a Si element and a P element) and a S element, wherein the material has a peak at a position of 2θ=29.58°±0.50° in X-ray diffraction measurement using a CuKα line; and when a diffraction intensity at the peak of 2θ=29.58°±0.50° is regarded as IA and a diffraction intensity at a peak of 2θ=27.33°±0.50° is regarded as IB, a value of IB/IA is less than 0.50, and M2 contains at least P and Si.
Method of manufacturing electrode assembly
Provided is a method of manufacturing an electrode assembly by using a magazine. The method includes manufacturing radical units in which electrodes and separators are alternately stacked (operation S10), loading and aligning the radical units in an aligning magazine for accommodating the radical units (operation S20), inspecting a dimension of the radical units aligned in operation S20 (operation S30), and transferring radical units considered to have a normal dimension in operation S30, to a stacking magazine to align and stack the radical units, thereby forming an electrode assembly (operation S40).
End plate for fuel cell
An end plate for a fuel cell is provided in which a main block is configured to form a body and support a fuel cell at a predetermined pressure and a subplate is configured to include a material having reducibility higher than that of the main block and to adhere to one side of the main block. Additionally, an insulating part encloses the main block and the subplate.
Provided is a fuel cell capable of maintaining an interface pressure in good condition between a membrane electrode assembly and separators, and preventing an increase in contact resistance. A fuel cell is disclosed including: a membrane electrode assembly provided with a frame at a periphery thereof; two separators holding both the frame and the membrane electrode assembly therebetween; and a gas seal provided between an edge portion of the frame and an edge portion of each separator to have a configuration in which a reactant gas passes through the frame and the membrane electrode assembly and the separators, wherein the frame and the separators are not in contact with and separated from each other in a region between the membrane electrode assembly and the gas seal.
Fuel cell system and control method of fuel cell system
In order to provide a fuel cell system that inhibits the occurrence of degradation of an MEA while also inhibiting an increase in the CPU load. A fuel cell system is equipped with a hydrogen supply unit that supplies hydrogen to a fuel cell, a pressure detection unit that detects the internal pressure of hydrogen supply piping, a current detection unit that detects the current value of the fuel cell, and a control unit that calculates the necessary hydrogen supply volume for the fuel cell based on the detected current value and pressure value, and controls the hydrogen supply unit to supply hydrogen corresponding to the calculated hydrogen supply unit to the fuel cell, wherein the control unit calculates the hydrogen supply volume based on the pressure value and the current value for each of a first cycle, and acquires the pressure value and supplies hydrogen corresponding to the immediately prior calculated hydrogen supply volume to the fuel cell when the control unit is determined that supply of hydrogen is necessary based on the acquired pressure value, for each of a second cycle which shorter than the first cycle.
Lithium ion secondary battery including a composition containing lithium and boron
Provided is an all-solid lithium ion secondary battery including a sintered body including a solid electrolyte layer and a positive electrode layer and a negative electrode layer which are stacked alternately with the solid electrolyte layer interposed therebetween, wherein: the positive electrode layer, the negative electrode layer, and the solid electrolyte layer include a compound containing lithium and boron; and a content of lithium and boron contained in the compound to a total of a positive electrode active material included in the positive electrode layer, a negative electrode active material included in the negative electrode layer, and a solid electrolyte included in the solid electrolyte layer is respectively 4.38 mol % to 13.34 mol % in terms of Li2CO3 and 0.37 mol % to 1.11 mol % in terms of H3BO3.
Preparation method for positive electrode material for secondary battery
Disclosed is a method of preparing a cathode electrode material for a secondary battery, including a hydrate precursor preparation step of preparing a manganese phosphate hydrate precursor using a coprecipitation process, a synthetic powder preparation step of preparing a synthetic powder by mixing the manganese phosphate hydrate precursor in a powder form with lithium phosphate and carbon, an oxide material powder preparation step of preparing a lithium manganese phosphate oxide material powder by milling and annealing the synthetic powder, a composite powder preparation step of preparing a composite powder by mixing the lithium manganese phosphate oxide material powder with a Li2MnO3-based cathode material, and a slurry preparation step of preparing a slurry by mixing the composite powder with a conductor and a binder.
Method for making thin film lithium ion battery
A method for making a thin film lithium ion battery is provided. A cathode material layer and an anode material layer are provided. A carbon nanotube array is applied to a surface of the cathode material layer and pressed to form a first carbon nanotube layer on the surface of the cathode material layer to obtain a cathode electrode. A second carbon nanotube layer is formed on a surface of the anode material layer to obtain an anode electrode. A solid electrolyte layer is applied between the cathode electrode and the anode electrode to form a battery cell. At least one battery cell is then encapsulated in an external encapsulating shell.
Battery with increased energy density and method of manufacturing the same
A battery core includes an anode electrode collector and a cathode current collector. The battery core is created by defining an anode solution cavity on an anode electrode collector; defining a cathode solution cavity on a cathode electrode collector; depositing an anode solution into the anode solution cavity; depositing a cathode solution into the cathode solution cavity; curing the anode solution within the anode solution cavity; and curing the cathode solution within the cathode solution cavity. The anode electrode collector and the cathode current collector may be combined in a sandwich configuration and may be separated by one or more separators.
Prismatic battery having electrolyte injection-hole capable of providing excellent sealing ability
Disclosed herein is a secondary battery having an electrode assembly mounted in a prismatic container, wherein the inside of an electrolyte injection hole formed in a base plate mounted to an open upper end of the prismatic container includes an upper part having a chamfered structure in which the diameter of the electrolyte injection hole is gradually decreased downward and a lower part having a non-chamfered structure continuously formed from the chamfered structure, and, when a sealing member is pressed into the electrolyte injection hole, the sealing member deformed into a shape corresponding to the electrolyte injection hole comes into tight contact with the chamfered structure due to shear stress between the chamfered structure and the sealing member and forms a sealed state due to frictional interaction between the non-chamfered structure and the sealing member. Consequently, it is possible to reduce a defect rate of secondary batteries and to improve sealability of the electrolyte injection hole without welding.
Pull tab assemblies for transitionally interrupting an electrical connection with a battery
Pull tab assemblies and related components and methods are disclosed herein. Some pull tab assemblies are configured to selectively interrupt and reestablish connections between a battery and a battery contact of an electronic circuit. Some pull tab assemblies include perforated pull tabs and/or pull tabs in which a proximal portion of the pull tab is configured to be cut or removed. Some pull tabs are designed to remain within a slot of the housing to impede fluid entry into the housing. Some methods disclosed herein involve programming memory that is disposed within a housing of a pull tab assembly or device.
Battery module retention structure
A battery module mounting system includes a housing of the battery module configured to receive a plurality of electrochemical cells, a lid coupled to a side of the housing, and a cage configured to secure the housing to a vehicle. Additionally, the cage includes a coupling mechanism configured to engage with the lid in a tongue and groove configuration to block movement of the housing in at least three directions when engaged.
Display device and method of manufacturing a display device
A display device includes a first substrate provided with a display region including a plurality of pixels arranged in a matrix, each of the plurality of pixels having a plurality of sub-pixels, and a second substrate provided with color filters and a light-shielding film, the color filters including transmission regions selectively transmitting lights of specific colors for the respective sub-pixels, the light-shielding film blocking light. The plurality of sub-pixels include a first sub-pixel provided with the transmission region that transmits light of a first color, and a second sub-pixel provided with the transmission region that transmits light of a second color having a luminosity factor lower than that of the light of the first color. A difference in area between a light-emitting region and the transmission region in the second sub-pixel is smaller than a difference in area between a light-emitting region and the transmission region in the first sub-pixel.
Organic light emitting display device and method of manufacturing the same
An organic light emitting display device has a display region and a first peripheral region surrounding at least one side of the display region. The organic light emitting display device includes a first substrate a first substrate, a plurality of pixels on the first substrate, the plurality of pixels being included in the display region, at least one of the plurality of pixels including an organic light emitting element, and a driving circuit on the first substrate and in the first peripheral region. At least one of the pixels includes a first transmission portion and at least one light emitting portion, and the first peripheral region includes at least one second transmission portion.
Encapsulating material, encapsulating cover plate, sintering equipment, sintering method, and display apparatus
Embodiments of this disclosure provide an encapsulating material, an encapsulating cover plate, a sintering equipment, a sintering method, and a display apparatus, and relate to the technical field of display. This encapsulating material comprises a leveling auxiliary material, wherein the leveling auxiliary material is used to move upon excitation so as to level the encapsulating material when the encapsulating material is subjected to sintering, and is thus used in the encapsulation of a cover plate to be encapsulated and an encapsulating cover plate.
Electroluminescent element and light-emitting device
An electroluminescent element which can easily control the balance of color in white emission (white balance) is provided according to the present invention. The electroluminescent element comprises a first light-emitting layer containing one kind or two or more kinds of light-emitting materials, and a second light-emitting layer containing two kinds of light-emitting materials (a host material and a phosphorescent material) in which the phosphorescent material is doped at a concentration of from 10 to 40 wt %, preferably, from 12.5 to 20 wt %. Consequently, blue emission can be obtained from the first light-emitting layer and green and red (or orange) emission can be obtained from the second light-emitting layer. An electroluminescent element having such device configuration can easily control white balance since emission peak intensity changes at the same rate in case of increasing a current density.
Carbon fiber-conductive polymer transparent electrode
A transparent electrode includes a conductive polymer layer, and plural carbon fibers having a diameter larger than the thickness of the conductive polymer layer, in which the carbon fibers are partially embedded in the conductive polymer layer. An organic electronic device includes the transparent electrode.
Stretchable substrate, electronic apparatus having the stretchable substrate, and method of manufacturing the electronic apparatus
Provided is a stretchable substrate, an electronic apparatus, and a method of manufacturing the electronic apparatus. The stretchable substrate includes a base part, first parts extruded from the base part, and second parts disposed between two adjacent first parts. The second parts have top surfaces positioned lower than the top surfaces of the first parts, and have wrinkles with random distribution.
Tetradentate metal complexes with carbon group bridging ligands
Platinum, palladium, and gold complexes suitable for use as phosphorescent emitters or as delayed fluorescent and phosphorescent emitters having one of the following structures:
Compound for organic optoelectric device, composition for organic optoelectric device and organic optoelectric device and display device
Disclosed are a compound for an organic optoelectric device represented by Chemical Formula 1, a composition for an organic optoelectric device, an organic optoelectric device including the same, and a display device. Details of Chemical Formula 1 are the same as those defined in the specification.
Organic light emitting element
Provided is an organic light emitting element including: an anode; a cathode; and an organic compound layer formed between the anode and the cathode and including a hole injection layer, a hole transport layer, and an emission layer, in which: the emission layer includes a host and a dopant; the hole transport layer includes a hole transport material having multiple aromatic hydrocarbon skeletons and a single bond for linking the aromatic hydrocarbon skeletons; the hole transport material has a triplet level T1 of 1.8 eV or more; the hole transport material has a hole mobility of 1×10−5 cm2/Vs or more; and the hole transport layer and the emission layer satisfy relationships represented by the following expression (1): |reduction potential of hole transport material|−|reduction potential of host|>0.1 V (1) and the following expression (2): |HOMO level of hole transport material−HOMO level of host|<0.1 eV (2).
Condensed cyclic compound and organic light-emitting device including the same
A condensed cyclic compound represented by Formula 1: wherein in Formula 1, Groups X1 to X3, L11, L12, R11, and R12, and variables a11, a12, b11, b12, c11, and c12 are described in the specification.
Electron transfer composition for use in an electron injection layer for organic electronic devices
The present invention relates to a novel electron transfer composition comprising one or more metal ion comprising compound, the use of such electron transfer composition in organic electronic devices, particularly in photodiodes, as well as such organic electronic devices, particularly photodiodes.
Magnetic memory element with iridium anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer
The present invention is directed to a magnetic memory element including a magnetic free layer structure having a variable magnetization direction perpendicular to a layer plane thereof; an insulating tunnel junction layer formed adjacent to the magnetic free layer structure; a first magnetic reference layer comprising cobalt, iron, and boron formed adjacent to the insulating tunnel junction layer; a second magnetic reference layer comprising cobalt separated from the first magnetic reference layer by a molybdenum layer; an iridium layer formed adjacent to the second magnetic reference layer; and a magnetic fixed layer structure formed adjacent to the iridium layer. The magnetic free layer structure includes a first and a second magnetic free layers with a perpendicular enhancement layer interposed therebetween. The first and second magnetic reference layers have a first invariable magnetization direction perpendicular to layer planes thereof. The magnetic fixed layer structure has a second invariable magnetization direction opposite to the first invariable magnetization direction.
MRAM with reduced stray magnetic fields
A magnetoresistive random-access memory (MRAM) is disclosed. The MRAM device reduces stray magnetic fields generated by magnetic layers of the stack, including a reference layer and magnetic layers of the synthetic antiferromagnetic layer, in a way that reduces their impact on the other layers of the stack, including a free layer and an optional filter layer, which may include a polarizer layer or a precessional spin current magnetic layer. The reduction in stray magnetic fields in the stack increases the electrical and retention performance of the stack by reducing switching asymmetry in the free layer. The reduction in stray magnetic fields also may improve performance of a filter layer, such as a precessional spin current magnetic layer by reducing asymmetry in the dynamic magnetic rotation of that layer.
Light emitting device package and lighting system including the same
Provided are a light emitting device package and a lighting system including the light emitting device package. The light emitting device package includes a package body, at least one electrode on the package body, a light emitting device on the package body, a reflective structure around the light emitting device on the package body and a lens on the light emitting device and the electrode.
Side surface type optical semiconductor device
A side surface type optical semiconductor device includes a substrate made of an insulating material and having a main surface and a back surface, which face opposite sides to each other in a thickness direction. The substrate includes a first concave portion recessed in the thickness direction and a second concave portion recessed further toward the back surface than the first concave portion, a semiconductor optical element is disposed across the first concave portion and the second concave portion, a hollow portion is formed between the semiconductor optical element and the second concave portion, and the hollow portion is used as a light guide path of the semiconductor optical element.
Light emitting module, method for manufacturing light emitting module, and vehicular lamp
Provided is a light emitting module in which an LED device is mounted and power is supplied to the LED device by a gold wire. The light emitting module includes a first resin (sealing material) that seals the gold wire and a second resin (dam wall) that surrounds at least a portion of the outer peripheral of the first resin. The first resin has a lower viscosity and a lower elastic modulus compared to the second resin, and protects the gold wire mechanically and chemically. The second resin suppresses the first resin from being flowed out toward the peripherals, and, as a result, the sealing state of the gold wire by the first resin may be maintained.
Phosphor and light-emitting device
A phosphor comprising: a chemical composition expressed by the following formula (K1-p, Mp)a(Si1-y, Mny)Fb (M is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Na and Ca, and p satisfies 0≤p≤0.01, a satisfies 1.5≤a≤2.5, b satisfies 5.5≤b≤6.5, and y satisfies 0
LED package structure
An LED package structure includes a conductive frame assembly, a reflective housing, an UV LED chip disposed on the conductive frame assembly, and a die-attach adhesive for bonding the UV LED chip to the conductive frame assembly. The reflective housing includes Silicone Molding Compound (SMC) and filler mixed in the SMC. The energy gap of the filler is greater than or equal to 4 eV. The energy gap of the filler thereof can be chosen by the following formulas. When the refractive index difference between the filler and the SMC is less than or equal to 0.2, the energy gap of the filler is satisfied the following formula. E≥1240 (nm·eV)/(λ−150(nm)). When the refractive index difference between the filler and the SMC is greater than 0.2, the energy gap of the filler is satisfied the following formula. E≥1240(nm·eV)/(λ−50(nm)).
Semiconductor light emitting device of a flip chip and method for manufacturing same
Disclosed is a semiconductor light emitting device including: multiple semiconductor layers including a first semiconductor layer, a second semiconductor layer, and an active layer; an electrode electrically connected with the multiple semiconductor layers; a light absorption barrier disposed about at least the electrode; and a non-conductive reflective film adapted to cover the multiple semiconductor layers, the light absorption barrier and the electrode and to reflect light from the active layer, wherein the non-conductive reflective film has an abnormal region of a lower reflectivity around the electrode due to a height difference between the light absorption barrier and the electrode, wherein a portion of the non-conductive reflective film exposed from the electrode is made longer than the abnormal region as seen in a cross-sectional view of the electrode.
Substrate with topological features for steering fluidic assembly LED disks
Embodiments are related to integrated circuit (IC) fabrication and, more particularly, to a fluidic assembly process for the placement of light emitting diodes on a direct-emission display substrate.
Patterned substrate design for layer growth
A patterned surface for improving the growth of semiconductor layers, such as group III nitride-based semiconductor layers, is provided. The patterned surface can include a set of substantially flat top surfaces and a plurality of openings. Each substantially flat top surface can have a root mean square roughness less than approximately 0.5 nanometers, and the openings can have a characteristic size between approximately 0.1 micron and five microns. One or more of the substantially flat top surfaces can be patterned based on target radiation.
Solar battery module
A solar battery module is provided with a plurality of solar cells, a wiring material for connecting adjacent solar cells in the longitudinal directors to form strings, and a reflective body disposed on the rear-surface side of the solar cells, said body reflecting at least some incident light toward the solar cells. In the solar battery module, the strings are multiply disposed in the horizontal direction to constitute string groups, intervals D20 between adjacent strings being formed wider in the longitudinal center section of the string groups than in the longitudinal end sections.
Method of manufacturing photoelectric conversion element, photoelectric conversion element, and photoelectric conversion device
A method of manufacturing a photoelectric conversion element including a semiconductor layer includes: forming an electrode; forming an insulating layer covering the electrode; forming an opening in a region of the insulating layer overlapping the electrode in a plan view; forming a covering layer of a semiconductor material on a surface of the insulating layer; and forming the semiconductor layer by patterning the covering layer. In the forming of the semiconductor layer, the semiconductor layer is formed such that an outer circumferential edge of the semiconductor layer is located on the outside of an inner circumferential edge of the opening in the plan view.
Solar cell, method for manufacturing solar cell, and solar cell module
A solar cell is provided with: a semiconductor substrate having a light-receiving surface and a non-light-receiving surface; a PN junction section formed on the semiconductor substrate; a passivation layer formed on the light-receiving surface and/or the non-light-receiving surface; and power extraction electrodes formed on the light-receiving surface and the non-light-receiving surface. The solar cell is characterized in that the passivation layer includes an aluminum oxide film having a thickness of 40 nm or less. As a result of forming a aluminum oxide film having a predetermined thickness on the surface of the substrate, it is possible to achieve excellent passivation performance and excellent electrical contact between silicon and the electrode by merely firing the conductive paste, which is conventional technology. Furthermore, an annealing step, which has been necessary to achieve the passivation effects of the aluminum oxide film in the past, can be eliminated, thus dramatically reducing costs.
DC power conversion circuit
The inventive technology, in certain embodiments, may be generally described as a solar power generation system with a converter, which may potentially include two or more sub-converters, established intermediately of one or more strings of solar panels. Particular embodiments may involve sweet spot operation in order to achieve improvements in efficiency, and bucking of open circuit voltages by the converter in order that more panels may be placed on an individual string or substring, reducing the number of strings required for a given design, and achieving overall system and array manufacture savings.
Method of manufacturing thin film transistor with multiple silicon active layers
Provided is a thin film transistor including an active layer including a first silicon active layer, a second silicon active layer, and an oxide active layer in a space between the first silicon active layer and the second silicon active layer, a gate electrode on the active layer with a gate insulating layer disposed therebetween, and a source electrode and a drain electrode with an interlayer insulating layer disposed between the gate electrode and the source and drain electrodes, the source and drain electrodes being in contact with the first silicon active layer and the second silicon active layer, respectively.
Oxide thin-film transistor and method of fabricating the same
Disclosed are an oxide thin-film transistor and a method of fabricating the same. The oxide thin-film transistor according to an embodiment of the present disclosure includes a gate electrode formed on a substrate; a gate insulating layer formed on the gate electrode; and an oxide thin film formed on the gate insulating layer, wherein the oxide thin film include a channel region, source region and drain regions disposed on the channel region and spaced apart from each other, and a concentration profile due to a dopant diffused from the gate insulating layer, wherein the channel region operates as a channel layer by the concentration profile.
A switching element of LCDs or organic EL displays which uses a thin film transistor device, includes: a drain electrode, a source electrode, a channel layer contacting the drain electrode and the source electrode, wherein the channel layer comprises indium-gallium-zinc oxide having a transparent, amorphous state of a composition equivalent to InGaO3(ZnO)m (wherein m is a natural number less than 6) in a crystallized state, and the channel layer has a semi-insulating property represented by an electron mobility of more than 1 cm2/(V·sec) and an electron carrier concentration is less than 1018/cm3, a gate electrode, and a gate insulating film positioned between the gate electrode and the channel layer.
Oxide sputtering target, and thin film transistor using the same
An oxide sputtering target includes at least one of indium (In), zinc (Zn), tin (Sn), and gallium (Ga), and tungsten (W) in an amount from 0.005 mol % to 1 mol %.
Metal oxide thin film, method for manufacturing the same, and solution for metal oxide thin film
The present disclosure provides a solution for a metal oxide semiconductor thin film, including metal hydroxides dissolved in an aqueous or nonaqueous solvent and an acid/base titrant for controlling solubility of metal hydroxides. A solution is synthesized to improve stability and semiconductive performance of a device through addition of other metal hydroxides. The solution is applied on a substrate and annealed by using various annealing apparatuses to obtain a high-quality metal oxide thin film at low temperatures. The thin film is optically transparent, and thus can be applied to thin films for various electronic devices, solar cells, various sensors, memory devices, and the like.
Thin-film transistor with crystallized active layer, method of manufacturing the same, and organic light-emitting display device including the same
A thin-film transistor, including a substrate; an active layer on the substrate; a gate electrode on the active layer; and a gate insulating layer between the active layer and the gate electrode, the active layer including a channel region; source and drain regions at opposite sides of the channel region; and lightly doped regions between the channel region and the source region and between the channel region and the drain region, the source and drain regions being doped with a first element, and the lightly doped regions being doped with a second element different from the first element.
Semiconductor device, display module, and electronic device
A semiconductor device with a novel structure is provided. A semiconductor device with reduced power consumption is provided. A circuit which is configured to supply a signal from an input terminal to both a gate and a backgate of a transistor in a first state and to only the gate in a second state is provided. With this structure, a current supply capability of the transistor can be changed between operations; accordingly, power consumption can be reduced by the amount needed to charge the backgate.
Thin film transistor, gate drive on array and display apparatus having the same, and fabricating method thereof
The present application discloses a thin film transistor including a base substrate; an active layer on the base substrate having a first semiconductor region, a second semiconductor region, and a plurality of semiconductor bridges each of which connecting the first semiconductor region and the second semiconductor region; the plurality of semiconductor bridges spaced apart from each other; the active layer being made of a material including M1OaNb, wherein M1 is a single metal or a combination of metals, a>0, and b≥0; an etch stop layer on a side of the active layer distal to the base substrate; the first semiconductor region having a first non-overlapping portion, a projection of which is outside that of the etch stop layer in plan view of the base substrate; the second semiconductor region having a second non-overlapping portion, a projection of which is outside that of the etch stop layer in plan view of the base substrate; a first electrode on a side of the first non-overlapping portion distal to the base substrate; and a second electrode on a side of the second non-overlapping portion distal to the base substrate.
Non-planar transistors and methods of fabrication thereof
The present description relates to the formation source/drain structures within non-planar transistors, wherein fin spacers are removed from the non-planar transistors in order to form the source/drain structures from the non-planar transistor fins or to replace the non-planar transistor fins with appropriate materials to form the source/drain structures.
Semiconductor device and manufacturing method thereof
A semiconductor device includes a substrate, an insulating structure, and a gate stack. The substrate has at least one semiconductor fin. The insulating structure is disposed above the substrate and separated from the semiconductor fin to form a gap therebetween. The insulating structure has a sidewall facing the semiconductor fin. The gate stack covers at least a portion of the semiconductor fin and is at least disposed in the gap between the insulating structure and the semiconductor fin. The gate stack includes a high-κ dielectric layer and a gate electrode. The high-κ dielectric layer covers the semiconductor fin while leaves the sidewall of the insulating structure uncovered. The gate electrode is disposed above the high-κ dielectric layer and at least in the gap between the insulating structure and the semiconductor fin.