Heat dissipating device and blade server
Embodiments of the present invention relate to a heat dissipating device including a chassis, a backplane, at least one rear board, and at least one fan, where the chassis includes horizontal wall panels, vertical wall panels, and a rear wall panel; the chassis includes one or more partition plates; the rear board includes one or more second hole areas; and the one or more partition plates, the horizontal wall panels, the vertical wall panels, the rear wall panel, the backplane, and the rear board form a cooling air duct that does not pass a front board, so that under an effect of the fan, a cooling air flow is discharged out of the chassis after passing the rear board, the second hole area, and the fan, so as to implement heat dissipation for a functional module on the rear board.
Passive cooling enclosure system and method for electronics devices
An apparatus for passively cooling electronics. The apparatus for passively cooling electronics includes at least one heat sink configured to be thermally coupled to at least one cabinet. When the at least one cabinet is thermally coupled to the at least one heat sink, the at least one heat sink draws heat from the at least one cabinet.
Semiconductor device and semiconductor device connection structure
In a semiconductor device, heat radiation plates are respectively disposed on a front surface side and a rear surface side of semiconductor chips in an upper arm and a lower arm. A lead-out conductor part includes a parallel conductor that includes a positive electrode terminal, a negative electrode terminal, and an insulating film disposed between the positive electrode terminal and the negative electrode terminal, and the positive electrode terminal and the negative electrode terminal are disposed oppositely while sandwiching the insulation film. The semiconductor chips are covered by a resin mold part, surfaces of the heat radiation plates opposite to the semiconductor chips, a part of the positive electrode terminal, and a part of the negative electrode terminal are exposed from the resin mold part, and at least a part of the parallel conductor in the lead-out conductor part enters the resin mold part.
Display device and method of manufacturing the same
Provided are a display device and a method of manufacturing the same. The display device includes a display panel having one surface and the other surface, a main drive board formed on the other surface of the display panel, a flexible circuit board having one end electrically connected to the one surface of the display panel and the other end electrically connected to the main drive board and having a bent portion formed at a lateral surface of the display panel, and a board support portion formed on an inner surface of the flexible circuit board.
Easy fold combination sun shade and case for handheld electronic devices
A combination sun shade and a protective cover apparatus is provided, which may include a first set of sections which is substantially in a semicircular shape, wherein the semicircular shape may be defined by a first substantially straight line and a first substantially semicircular curve; a first further section connected to the first set of sections along a first portion of the first substantially straight line; a second further section connected to the first set of sections along a second portion of the first substantially straight line; and a third further section connected to the first set of sections along a third portion of the first substantially straight line. The apparatus may be configured so that it can be folded and placed into a first state; wherein in the first state the first further section, the second further section, and the third further section are substantially aligned with each other.
Television distribution component enclosure
An enclosure for a television distribution component and method for assembling the same includes a mounting plate, a plurality of extensions extending from the mounting plate and a housing receiving the electrical component. The housing has a plurality of openings aligned with the extensions. The housing having a cover wall generally parallel to the mounting plate and a plurality of side walls, said cover wall includes a first plurality of openings aligned with the plurality of extensions, a first side wall of the plurality of side walls includes a plurality of openings for electrically connecting to the electrical component.
Electrical and electronics bay of an aircraft with an improved architecture and aircraft incorporating said bay
An electrical and electronics bay of an aircraft has at least two rows of systems elements, each row being separated by a single corridor extending an entire longitudinal length of the electrical and electronics bay and being devoid of the systems elements. Each row has at least one set of systems elements and at least one electrical power center, wherein the systems elements are arranged in cabinets. At least one of the cabinets includes at least one removable mobile shelf for allowing access from a front to the back of the cabinets. Bottom edges of back faces of the cabinet are arranged against the fuselage to remove an additional corridor at the back of the cabinet, and front faces of the cabinet are directly accessible from the single corridor.
Fastening mechanism for electronic device
A fastening mechanism for an electronic device is provided. The electronic device is embedded into a fixed object, and has a display portion and an embedding portion. The fixed object is formed with a receiving space. A connection box is mounted in the receiving space. The fastening mechanism includes a fastening unit, an elastic unit and a transferring bracket. The fastening unit is movably disposed in the embedding portion of the electronic device. The fastening unit has a hook. The elastic unit abuts the fastening unit. The transferring bracket is disposed in the connection box, and has a frame and a blocking portion. When the embedding portion of the electronic device is disposed in the frame of the transferring bracket, the hook engages the blocking portion to fix the electronic device to the fixed object.
Electronic component built-in multi-layer wiring board and method of manufacturing the same
An electronic component built-in multi-layer wiring board that is configured by collectively stacking a plurality of printed wiring boards therein by thermal compression bonding and that has a plurality of electronic components built in thereto, wherein the electronic components include a first electronic component and a second electronic component having a thickness which is greater than that of the first electronic component, the first electronic component is built in to an embedding-dedicated board set to a thickness which is 80% to 125% of the thickness of the second electronic component, and the embedding-dedicated board and the second electronic component are then mounted on the printed wiring board and thereby built in to the electronic component built-in multi-layer wiring board, and the embedding-dedicated board is formed by an identical material to that of the printed wiring board.
Method of manufacturing a thin support package structure
A method of manufacturing a thin support package structure includes the steps of: preparing a support plate formed with a plurality of grooves adjacent to an outer rim thereof, forming a releasing material layer on the support plate; forming a first circuit layer on the releasing material layer so as to form a thin circuit board; forming a dielectric layer on the releasing material layer; forming a plurality of openings in the dielectric layer; forming a second circuit layer on the dielectric layer; forming connection plugs by filling the openings; forming a solder mask on the dielectric layer; forming a plurality of notches on the lower surface of the support plate to communicate with the grooves, respectively; and removing the central part of the support plate between the notches and the central part of the releasing material layer on the support plate.
Method for forming multilayer device having solder filled via connection
A method of forming a multilayer device includes providing a core substrate having opposing first and second core surfaces and forming top and bottom inner conductive patterns on each of the first and second core surfaces, respectively. A first dielectric layer is formed on the first core surface, and the top inner conductive pattern. A second dielectric layer is formed on the second core surface, and the bottom inner conductive pattern. The first and second dielectric layers are laminated with top and bottom outer conductive layers, respectively. A first via is provided through the core substrate extending from the top outer conductive layer to the bottom outer conductive layer. The first via is filled with solder. Magnetic particles are attracted by a magnetic force into the first via.
Hydrophobic silane coating for preventing conductive anodic filament (CAF) growth in printed circuit boards
An enhanced substrate for making a printed circuit board (PCB) includes a hydrophobic silane coating of a silane composition intermixed with a silane coupling agent applied to a glass fiber substrate. The silane coupling agent is applied to the surface of the substrate for coupling the substrate to a varnish coating. Applying the silane coupling agent to the surface of the substrate creates surface silanols, which are implicated in conductive anodic filament (CAF) growth. A silane composition, which reacts with the surface silanols, is applied to the surface of the substrate having the silane coupling agent applied thereto to form the hydrophobic silane coating. The surface presented by the hydrophobic silane coating/substrate is hydrophobic and essentially silanol-free. This surface is then dried, and varnish is applied thereto. Then, the substrate, hydrophobic silane coating and varnish are subjected to curing conditions to define the PCB.
Disclosed herein is a portable terminal, including: a case; a first substrate disposed at one side of the case; a second substrate spaced from the first substrate to form a battery installing space; and a connection substrate electrically connecting between the first substrate and the second substrate and disposed in parallel with a side of the case.
Electrical connections between conductive contacts
Conductive contacts can be disposed on multiple substrates or on different surfaces of a single substrate. Conductive material is disposed over at least a portion of the two conductive contacts to electrically connect the contacts. The conductive material may be disposed over at least one surface between the conductive contacts. One or more conductive borders can be formed on a surface of a conductive layer. The conductive border or borders can improve signal transmission across the surface of the conductive layer.
Light-emitting device, light-emitting device assembly, and electrode-bearing substrate in which a fragile region is formed in a substrate, and light emitting device cut from light-emitting device assembly
A light-emitting device assembly includes a plurality of light-emitting devices, the plurality of light-emitting devices being provided continuously, the plurality of light-emitting devices each including a substrate, an optical semiconductor element mounted on the surface of the substrate, an encapsulating layer formed on the substrate surface to encapsulate the optical semiconductor element, and an electrode formed on the substrate surface so as to be electrically connected to the optical semiconductor element. The substrate has a fragile region formed to partition off the light-emitting devices that are disposed next to each other.
Printed wiring board
A printed wiring board includes a core insulation layer including a resin and having a via conductor through the core insulation layer, a first conductive layer formed on the core layer and including a copper foil and a plated film, an interlayer insulation layer formed on the first layer and including a resin, the interlayer layer having a via conductor through the interlayer layer, and a second conductive layer formed on the interlayer layer and including a copper foil and a plated film. The first layer includes a conductive circuit, the core and interlayer layers have dielectric constants of 4.0 or lower for signal transmission at frequency of 1 GHz and thermal expansion coefficient of 85 ppm/° C. or lower at or below Tg, and the foil of the first layer has thickness greater than thickness of the foil of the second layer.
Reflected signal absorption in interconnect
Embodiments of the present disclosure are directed toward techniques and configurations for electrical signal absorption in an interconnect stub. In one instance, a printed circuit board (PCB) assembly may comprise a substrate and an interconnect (such as a via) formed in the substrate to route an electrical signal within the PCB. The interconnect may include a stub formed on the interconnect. At least a portion of the stub may be covered with an absorbing material to at least partially absorb a portion of the electric signal that is reflected by the stub. The absorbing material may be selected such that its dielectric loss tangent is greater than one, for a frequency range of a frequency of the reflected portion of the electric signal. A dielectric constant of the absorbing material may be inversely proportionate to the frequency of the reflected electric signal. Other embodiments may be described and/or claimed.
Grid voltage generation for x-ray tube
An x-ray source for improved electron beam control, a smaller electron beam spot size, and a smaller x-ray spot size with reduced power supply size and weight. A method for improved electron beam control, a smaller electron beam spot size, and a smaller x-ray spot size with reduced power supply size and weight. Grid(s) may be used in an x-ray tube for improved electron beam control, a smaller electron beam spot size, and a smaller x-ray spot size. Control circuitry for the grid(s) can be disposed in electrically insulative potting. Light may be used to provide power and control signals to the control circuitry.
Ionizer and control method thereof
A polarity control unit includes a flag storage unit that stores any one of a first polarity pattern by which a positive direct-current voltage is applied to discharge needles in a first group and a negative direct-current voltage is applied to discharge needles in a second group and a second polarity pattern by which a negative direct-current voltage is applied to the discharge needles in the first group and a positive direct-current voltage is applied to the discharge needles in the second group, a flag update unit that rewrites one flag stored in the flag storage unit to another flag when a power switch is turned on from its off state or is turned off from its on state, and a command unit that commands a polarity pattern corresponding to the flag stored in the flag storage unit to be output from the polarity output unit.
DC operated Christmas light string
A string set of series-connected incandescent bulbs in which the bulbs are individually provided with a voltage responsive shunt which is inoperative during normal operation of the string set when connected to a source of operating potential and which becomes operative only in response to an increase in the voltage thereacross which exceeds its rating, and in which the remaining bulbs of the circuit continue to receive rated current therethrough and rated voltage thereacross and further continue to be illuminated even though other bulbs in the string are either inoperative or are missing from their respective sockets. The string includes a split bridge AC to DC converter which provides pulsating DC current to the shunted, series-connected incandescent bulbs.
Modifying duty cycles of PWM drive signals to compensate for LED driver mismatches in a multi-channel LED system
An LED (Light Emitting Diode) controller comprises a first LED driver to generate a first PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) drive signal to turn on or turn off, respectively, a first current through a first LED string. Additionally, the LED controller comprises a compensation circuit to generate the first PWM drive signal responsive to a first duty set signals. The first duty set signal is indicative of a first duty cycle set for the first PWM drive signal. The compensation circuit receives a first feedback signal indicative of the first current, generates a first error signal indicative of a difference between a first predetermined target value and the first feedback signal, and generates the first PWM drive signal to have the first duty cycle corresponding to the first duty set signal and further adjusted by the first error signal.
Leakage current detection circuit, semiconductor apparatus, LED illumination apparatus, and vehicle
A leakage current detection circuit detects a switch current flowing in a switch which is targeted for leakage monitoring, and generates a detection signal to prohibit operation of a control target circuit which is targeted for control when the switch current does not reach a predetermined threshold value.
Dimming circuit and method for LEDs
The present disclosure relates to dimming circuit and method for LEDs. The dimming circuit obtains a DC voltage from an external AC power supply by using a TRIAC, an electronic transformer, and a rectifier bridge sequentially. The dimming circuit comprises a first power stage circuit, a second power stage, a first control circuit, and a second control circuit. The first power stage circuit has an input terminal configured to receive the DC voltage. The second power stage has an input terminal coupled to an output terminal of the first power stage and an output terminal coupled to an LED load. The first control circuit is configured to generate a first control signal in accordance with a first output voltage generated at the output terminal of the first power stage circuit, a first reference voltage and an upper threshold voltage to maintain an average value of the first output voltage to be consistent with the first reference voltage. The second control circuit is configured to generate a dimming signal in accordance with a first current and the first output voltage to control an operation of the second power stage circuit to maintain an output current of the second power stage circuit to be consistent with an expected driving current represented by the dimming signal. The first current is no less than a holding current of the electronic transformer. An input current of the first power stage circuit is maintained to be consistent with the first current by the first control signal when the first output voltage is in a continuously increasing state and is lower than the upper threshold voltage. The first output voltage decreases continuously and the input current is maintained to be consistent with a second current after the first output voltage reaches the upper threshold voltage.
Drive circuit for illumination device and illumination device
Various embodiments relate to a drive circuit for an illumination device and an illumination device. The drive circuit includes a first drive module, wherein the first drive module is configured to convert an alternating current signal from a power supply to a constant current drive signal supplied to a light-emitting unit of the illumination device, and wherein the drive circuit further includes a second drive module, and wherein the second drive module is in series connection with the first drive module and the light-emitting unit and is configured to hold a voltage which is applied across the second drive module by the constant current drive signal, and the second drive module further includes a first switch means which is driven by the held voltage to turn on such that a current signal output from the second drive module is a direct current signal.
Light emitting diode lamp and driver
Light sources (1) for replacing fluorescent lamps (100) are provided with terminals (11, 12) for exchanging alternating current signals having frequencies of at least kHz with drivers (5), with rectifiers (13) having inputs coupled to the terminals (11, 12) via capacitors (14), and with light emitting diodes (15) coupled to outputs of the rectifiers (13). The rectifiers (13) rectify the alternating current signals and the capacitors (14) provide safety to persons installing the light sources (1). Preferably, the light sources (1) have different ends where the different terminals (11, 12) are located. Each terminal (11, 12) may comprise two pins (21, 22, 23, 24) interconnected via fuses (31,32). Drivers (5) for replacing fluorescent ballasts (500) are provided with inputs (51, 52) to be connected to voltage sources (6)and with outputs (53, 55) for exchanging the alternating current signals with the light sources (1). The drivers (5) may comprise switching circuits (61) for producing the alternating current signals, outputs of the switching circuits (61) being coupled to outputs (53, 55) of the drivers (5) via reactive circuits (62, 63, 66) with inductors (62), capacitors (66) and transformers (63).
Primary-side control of a switching power converter with feed forward delay compensation
An electronic system includes controller to control a switching power converter to provide power to a load. To control the amount of power provided to the load, in at least one embodiment, the controller senses a current value representing a current in the switching power converter and detects when the current value reaches a target peak value. However, due to delays in the controller and/or the switching power converter, the detected target peak value will not be the actual current peak value generated by the switching power converter. In at least one embodiment, the controller adjusts the detected target peak value with a post-detection delay compensation factor to generate a delay compensated current value that more accurately represents an actual peak current value associated with the current in the switching power converter.
LED converter including a resonant convertor
The invention relates to an LED converter for operating a load comprising at least one LED series that includes at least one LED, preferably multiple LEDs. On the primary side, the LED converter comprises a resonant converter supplied with a direct current voltage. The resonant converter has a half-bridge that is constructed of two reciprocally clocked switches and that provides a supply voltage for the LED series through a serial/parallel resonance circuit connected to the midpoint of said half-bridge. To regulate the power transferred by the LED converter to the LED series as a feedback factor in each switch-on cycle, a control unit is designed to directly or indirectly determine a peak value of the feedback factor through the lower-potential switch of the half-bridge and to adjust the clocking of the half-bridge, i.e. the frequency and/or the duty factor, as a control factor.
Multi-electrode field emission device having single power source and method of driving same
A field emission device and a method of driving the multi-electrode field emission device having a single driving power source are disclosed. The field emission device includes a cathode electrode, one or more gate electrodes, a voltage division unit, and a power source unit. The cathode electrode is figured such that at least one emitter is formed thereon. The gate electrodes are disposed between an anode electrode and the cathode electrode, and each have one or more openings through which electrons emitted from the emitter can pass. The voltage division unit has one or more divider resistors, and divides a voltage applied from the power source unit using the divider resistors and then applies partial voltages to the one or more gate electrodes. The power source unit includes a single power source, and applies the voltage to the voltage division unit.
Inverter with monitoring of the moisture state and method for operating an inverter
An inverter for converting electrical power from a DC voltage generator is disclosed. The inverter includes a moisture sensor inside a housing of the inverter, and a control unit for controlling the inverter connected to the moisture sensor for receiving a moisture value from the moisture sensor. The inverter also includes a heating element connected to the control unit. The control unit is configured to control the inverter based on the moisture value such that, in the case where a limit value for the moisture is exceeded, the voltage at an input of the converter unit lies below an arc-avoiding voltage value and electrical power is fed to the heating element. Furthermore, a method for operating an inverter of this type is disclosed.
Method for supporting communication using two or more radio access technologies and apparatus for same
A method for supporting communication using two or more heterogeneous radio access technologies (RAT) includes the steps of: the terminal receiving a first message that includes whether to provide support to simultaneous access two or more RATs and parameters requesting that a notification be provided for the supported RAT from a base station in a first RAT network supporting a first RAT; transmitting, to the base station in the first RAT network, a second message including an indicator indicating whether to support simultaneous access to the two or more RAT networks and information on a supported RAT network type in response to the first message, wherein the supported second RAT network type corresponds to a network that is different from the first RAT network.
Method for transmitting broadcast services in a radiocommunication cellular network through a femto base station, and corresponding femto base station
The invention concerns a method and a Femto base station for transmitting broadcast services from a radiocommunication cellular network (10) to a mobile terminal (2), said mobile terminal (2) being adapted to receive said broadcast services either, in a first general mode, directly from one global base station (1) among a plurality of global base stations belonging to said radiocommunication cellular network (10), or, in a second specific mode, through a Femto base station (3). According to the invention, said method comprises the step of receiving (S30) at said Femto base station (3) services which are broadcast by the global base station (1) in the coverage of which said Femto base station (3) is located and the step of relaying (S32) the received services from said Femto base station (3) so that said mobile terminal (2) can receive the relayed services when it is in the second specific mode.
Method, system, and device for implicit detachment
Embodiments of the present invention disclose a method of implicit detachment and related system and device. The method comprises: the first device receives a request message that carries implicit detachment indication from the second device; and the first device performs implicit detachment or restores the second device to original status according to the indication. Embodiments herein further disclose a system and device for implicit detachment. In embodiments herein, implicit detachment process is triggered through MRT expiry information.
Invasive socket manager
A server initiating shut down of a transport control protocol (TCP) connection when a radio connection is terminated is problematic because a new radio connection must be established for the sole purpose of shutting down the TCP connection. Hence, network and terminal resources for establishing the radio connection are wasted. Accordingly, a method, an apparatus, and a computer program product for initiating a closing of a transport layer connection at a client are provided. The apparatus determines whether a functionality associated with the transport layer connection satisfies at least one criterion, and closes the transport layer connection when the functionality satisfies the at least one criterion while a radio layer connection is available. As a result, the TCP connection is shut down by the client before the server can activate a new radio connection for the sole purpose of terminating the TCP connection.
Apparatus, system and method of bluetooth communication
Some demonstrative embodiments include apparatuses, systems and/or methods of Bluetooth communication. For example, an apparatus may include a wireless communication unit to receive at a first Bluetooth device an indication message from a second Bluetooth device, the indication message including a state indication to indicate a non-movement state or a movement state of the second Bluetooth device, the wireless communication unit to transmit to the second Bluetooth device an update message including at least one value to indicate a rate of exchanging messages between the first and second Bluetooth devices, the rate being based on the state indication.
Method for transferring a communication session between devices
A method for transferring a communication session between a source user device and a target user device in a communication network, where the communication session is established between the source user device and a server is proposed. An identifier of a user device is determined. A session modification request is then sent from the source user device to the server, where the request includes the identifier of the target user device. A capability of the target user device to handle the communication session is then checked. Next, if the target user device is capable of handling the communication session a further communication session between the server and the target user device is established.
Inline network address translation within a mobile gateway router
Techniques are described for performing inline NAT functions in a forwarding element of a mobile gateway router or other device in which subscriber sessions of a mobile access network are distributed across a plurality of session management cards. The session management cards pre-allocate a public network address and port range for subscribers at the time a network connection is established in response to connection request prior to receiving any data traffic associated with the subscriber. NAT profiles are programmed into hardware forwarding elements of the mobile gateway router for inline NAT when routing subscriber traffic for the mobile access network.
Voice-data integrated multiaccess by self-reservation and stabilized aloha contention
A multiple access communication protocol that includes an uplink and a downlink channel is disclosed. The uplink channel has a plurality of frames, such that each frame has a first selectable number of minislots and a second selectable number of slots. A reservation request of a first type is sent into a first selected minislot of a selected frame of the uplink channel when information of a first type is to be sent. The reservation request of the first type requests an assignment for at least one slot for transmitting information of the first type in at least one frame that is subsequent to the selected frame. A reservation request of a second type is sent into a second selected minislot of the selected frame when the second selected minislot is available in the selected frame and when information of a second type is to be sent.
Method and device of managing MTC devices in an MTC network environment
A method and system for managing Machine-to-Machine type Communication (MTC) devices in a MTC network environment are provided. The method includes receiving a notification message including a timer value from an MTC network; entering, upon receiving the notification message including the timer value for a duration equal to the timer value, an inactive mode; entering, upon an expiration of the timer value, an active mode from the inactive mode; and transmitting MTC data to an MTC server associated with the MTC device via the MTC network during the active mode of the MTC device.
Mapping an enhanced physical downlink control channel
Technology for mapping an enhanced physical downlink control channel to physical resource blocks in a radio frame is disclosed. One method comprises mapping modulated symbols in the ePDCCH to at least one control channel element. The at least one control channel element may be mapped to resource elements located in a plurality of distributed physical resource blocks in a subframe, wherein each resource block is in a distributed resource block group and is separated by at least one additional resource block in the subframe. The mapping may also be to resource elements distributed in a single resource block in the subframe, wherein the control channel element is mapped to be distributed in frequency and time relative to other mapped resource elements in the single resource block and the single resource block belongs to a localized resource block group.
Dynamic allocation of carrier aggregation resources based on device requests
Examples disclosed herein provide systems, methods, and software to dynamically provide carrier aggregation to wireless communication devices. In one example, a method of operating an eNodeB includes exchanging first wireless communication signals with a wireless communication device using a first carrier aggregation configuration. The method further provides identifying a request from the wireless communication device for a modified quality of service, and determining a second carrier aggregation configuration based on the request. The method also includes exchanging second wireless communication signals with the wireless communication device using the second carrier aggregation configuration.
Method and device for inter-cell interference coordination
To address the problem of inter-cell interference, the present invention proposes a method for inter-cell interference coordination and a device thereof. In one embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method of coordinating radio resource in a base station of wireless communication network, comprising the steps of: S1 determining whether a UE is of interference risk; if the UE is of interference risk, then S2 determining key interference source base station(s) of the UE; S3, scheduling radio resource in collaboration with the key interference source base station(s), so that the key interference source base station(s) idle(s) the radio resource assigned to the UE by the base station. With the method and device provided in the present invention, effective avoidance of inter-cell interference may be achieved, and every cell may fully reuse resource to accomplish reuse gain, while UE backward compatibility may also be supported.
Random access using predictive mobility
Methods, systems, and devices are described for predicting a current random access transmission power detectable by a base station based on historical transmission power information. In one aspect, a mobile device may access a historical transmission power associated with a current state of the mobile device, with the historical transmission power based on mobility patterns of the mobile device. Based at least in part on the accessed historical transmission power, the mobile device may predict a current random access transmission power of the mobile device, where the predicted current random access transmission power is configured to elicit a random access response from a base station. In one aspect, the techniques described herein may reduce a number of power ramp steps taken by the mobile device during a random access procedure, reduce interference from the mobile device during the random access procedure, or both based on the predicted current random access transmission power.
Integrated circuit for controlling generation, transmission and reception of resource allocation information, and data allocation based on the resource allocation information
Provided are a radio transmission apparatus and a radio transmission method whereby the increase of number of signaling bits can be suppressed and further the flexibility of frequency scheduling can be improved. A notified RBG calculating unit (203) that adds a predetermined offset value of “1” or “−1” to one of the start RBG number and the end RBG number of allocated RBG number information (b′i) output by a scheduling unit (201), thereby calculating notified RBG number information (bi). An RBG total number setting unit (204) calculates the total number of RBGs, which is to be notified, by adding “1” to the total number of allocated RBGs. A notified information generating unit (205) applies the notified RBG number information (bi) and the notified total number of RBGs (Nrb′) to a predetermined formula, thereby generating and transmitting, to terminals, notified information (r).
Method and apparatus for bandwidth request/grant protocols in a wireless communication system
A method and apparatus for allocating bandwidth in a broadband wireless communication system is disclosed. One embodiment uses a self-correcting bandwidth request/grant protocol. The self-correcting bandwidth request/grant protocol utilizes a combination of incremental and aggregate bandwidth requests. CPEs primarily transmit incremental bandwidth requests to their associated base stations, followed by periodic transmissions of aggregate bandwidth requests. The use of periodic aggregate bandwidth requests (that express the current state of their respective connection queues) allows the bandwidth allocation method and apparatus to be “self-correcting”. Another embodiment utilizes an abridged bandwidth request/grant protocol to allocate bandwidth. The abridged bandwidth request/grant protocol system utilizes padding packets to request a reduction in bandwidth allocation to a CPE. A base station modem alerts a base station CPU when the BS modem receives a padding packet from a CPE. After alerting the BS CPU the method can reduce the associated CPE's bandwidth allocation.
Methods and apparatus enabling information exchange between network nodes
A method that may be performed by a first, second and third node for handling information related to a guard band used or required in a radio spectrum used by the second node. The first, second and third nodes are comprised in a wireless communications network. The method in the first node comprises obtaining information from the second node. The information is related to the guard band used by the second node. The method further comprises adapting one or more procedures related to the radio operation within the wireless communications network, based on the obtained guard band information. The method in the second node comprises sending information related to the guard band to the first node. The method in the third node comprises requesting the first node to obtain information related to the guard band from the second node.
Method and apparatus for transmitting/receiving control channel in wireless communication system
A control channel transmission/reception method and an apparatus for transmitting/receiving control channels using a resource allocation scheme applicable regardless of reference signal transmission or whether the reference signal is transmitted in distributed transmission mode or localized transmission mode are provided. The control channel transmission method includes mapping a Demodulation Reference Signal (DMRS) to Resource Elements (REs) of a Resource Block (RB) for transmitting a control channel, mapping the control channel to the REs numbered with numbers of predetermined number of Resource Element Groups (REGs) in a frequency-first ascending order cyclically, with the exception of the REs to which the DMRS is mapped, and transmitting the DMRS and the control channel.
Wireless audio transmission method
In a wireless audio system in which both wireless audio signal transmission and communication using other wireless apparatuses are carried out, the transmitter and the receiver transmit audio packets by the following procedure using a plurality of communication channels shared with other wireless communication. The transmitter and the receiver select the same channel; after detecting that the channel has become idle, the transmitter stands by for only a stand-by time T1 shorter than the shortest packet space stipulated in the procedure of the other wireless communication and then transmits an audio packet; after the reception of the audio packet is completed, the receiver stands by for only a stand-by time T2 shorter than the shortest packet space and then returns a response signal. After the transmission/reception of a predetermined number of audio packets is completed, the transmitter and the receiver switch the communication channel and repeat the procedure.
Apparatus and method for providing multicast and broadcast service in mobile communication environment
Provided are an apparatus and method for providing a multicast and broadcast service (MBS) in a mobile communication environment. The method includes setting an MBS zone to be provided with content and include at least one member base station, configuring the MBS zone by classifying the at least one member base station belonging to the MBS zone into active members that simultaneously transmit MBS traffic and an MBS control parameter and inactive members that transmit only the MBS control parameter according to a predefined rule, and connecting a data delivery path through the active member to transmit the MBS traffic to a terminal.
Paging processing method, communication apparatus, and communication system
A paging processing method, a communication apparatus, and a communication system are disclosed. The paging processing method includes: receiving, by a mobility management network element, a downlink data notification message which includes service attribute information of a downlink data packet; obtaining the service attribute information; and initiating paging of the user equipment based on different policies according to the service attribute information.
Method and apparatus for detecting cell outage and controlling transmission power
Disclosed are a method and an apparatus for detecting a cell outage and controlling transmission power. The method of detecting the cell outage includes: receiving a Radio Link Failure (RLF) message from a User Equipment (UE) or an adjacent BS; acquiring Reference Signal Received Power (RSRP) and Reference Signal Received Quality (RSRQ) of the UE with respect to a serving cell and adjacent cells before RLF generation, which are included in the RLF message; calculating a Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio (SINR) of the serving cell by using the acquired RSRP and RSRQ; calculating an SINR of a best adjacent cell having a largest RSRP among the adjacent cells of the UE by using the acquired RSRP and RSRQ; and comparing an SINR of a best cell having a largest SINR between the serving cell and the best adjacent cell with a preset reference value and determining whether the cell outage has been generated.
Power management and distributed scheduling for uplink transmissions in wireless systems
To schedule uplink transmission time slots for a collection of mobile communication devices, a set of base station target interference patterns is associated with base stations. A time slot target interference pattern is assigned for each time slot and it repeats after several time slots. The time slot target interference pattern in a given time slot specifies the interference allowed by each time slot to a given base station by any single mobile. A priority index may be determined for each time slot for each mobile associated with the particular base station. The priority index may be based, in part, on a determined correlation between the time-slot target interference patterns and a potential interference profile of a mobile to which a time slot is to be allocated. A mobile's throughput requirement, the throughput already received over a specified past duration, the system fairness requirement, as well as the amount of data available for transmission are also used for evaluating the priority index.
Low energy short range communication function operation method and apparatus of mobile terminal
The mobile terminal supporting low energy short range communication function includes a low energy short range communication unit; a switching unit configured to receive low energy communication data from the low energy short range communication unit and outputs the low energy communication data; a first processor configured to receive the low energy communication data received from the low energy short range communication unit via the switching unit; and a second processor configured to receive the low energy communication data received from the low energy short range communication unit via the switching unit, wherein the second processor is configured to receive operation state information from the first processor; and control, when the operation state information is received, the switching unit to relay the low energy communication data to one of the first and second processors based on the operation state information.
Electronic device with low-power roaming
A low-power roaming mechanism is described. This low-power roaming mechanism is used by a portable electronic device when the portable electronic device enters a stand-by mode (sleep mode). During this stand-by mode, the portable electronic device allows a wireless interface to look for surrounding wireless networks with a configurable quota. This quota is allotted for roaming based on the usage or communication pattern of the portable electronic device. Once the allotted quota is completely used, the portable electronic device is blocked from performing roaming operations to prevent the portable electronic device from draining the battery.
Mobile station, core network node, base station subsystem, and methods for implementing longer paging cycles in a cellular network
A mobile station, a core network node, a base station subsystem, and various methods are described herein for implementing longer paging cycles (longer Discontinuous Reception (DRX) mode) in a cellular network which has a benefit of reducing the energy consumption of the mobile station's battery.
Methods and apparatus for low power wake up signal and operations for WLAN
Methods and apparatuses for wireless communications are disclosed. In one aspect, an apparatus for wireless communications includes a receiver configured to wirelessly receive a message comprising a time for the apparatus to wake up and instructions to execute an action in response to receiving a paging frame from a wireless communication device. The receiver is further configured to receive the paging frame from the wireless communication device. The apparatus further includes a processor configured to execute the action in response to receiving the paging frame. In one implementation, receiving the paging frame comprises comparing an address of the paging frame with an address of the apparatus. The action may include one or more of sending a power save poll frame, waiting for packet reception, receiving the beacon, and receiving the delivery traffic indication message beacon.
Method for regulating transmit power and wireless routing device
Embodiments of the present invention disclose a method for regulating transmit power and a wireless routing device, which relate to the field of wireless communications technologies, and can adjust transmit power according to a current work category of a wireless routing device in a wireless local area network, thereby ensuring transmission strength of a radio wave or saving electrical energy, and improving user experience. The method in the present invention includes: determining, by a wireless routing device, a data type of to-be-transmitted data; when the data type of the to-be-transmitted data is uplink data, selecting, by the wireless routing device, first transmit power to send the to-be-transmitted data on a preset channel Channel; and when the data type of the to-be-transmitted data is downlink data, selecting, by the wireless routing device, second transmit power to send the to-be-transmitted data on the preset channel Channel.
Real-time communication system, device, and method
Systems, devices, and methods allow real-time communication between an access device and at least one communication device. The access device is configured to: determine whether a distance between a communication device and the access device reaches a predetermined access distance for accessing a network; if so, allow the communication device to gain access to the network via the access device to achieve real-time communication between the communication device and the network.
Method of offloading wireless data in core network using femtocell
A method of offloading wireless data in a core network using a femtocell which can reduce a traffic load of a mobile communication network and maximize convenience of a user by determining to offload the wireless data passing through the core network onto a local network according to whether the data is real-time data is provided.
Displaying of charging status on dual screen device
Embodiments are described for displaying charging status on a multi-screen device. In embodiments, a determination is made that the device is connected to a power source for charging the battery. In response to the determination, a battery charging indicator is displayed. In some embodiments, if the device was originally powered off or in a standby mode, after a predetermined period of time, the device will be powered off or returned to the standby mode, and the battery charging indicator will no longer be displayed.
Mesh network commissioning
In embodiments of mesh network commissioning, a border router receives a petition from a commissioning device to become the commissioner for a mesh network, and commission joining devices to join the mesh network. The border router transmits the received petition to a leader device of the mesh network, and receives a response to the petition from the leader device, where the response indicates acceptance or rejection of the petition. In response to receiving the response to the petition from the leader device, the border router transmits an indication of the acceptance or the rejection of the petition to the commissioning device. An acceptance of the petition by the leader device authorizes the commissioning device to be the commissioner for the mesh network and a secure commissioning session is established.
A technique for operating a wireless communication apparatus is provided. According to an example embodiment, the technique comprises operating a wireless communication apparatus in one of a plurality of states, said plurality of states comprising at least a discoverable state wherein the wireless communication apparatus is discoverable but not connectable and a connectable state wherein the wireless communication apparatus is both discoverable and connectable, receiving, when operating the wireless communication apparatus in the discoverable state, one or more requests from a remote wireless communication apparatus, and changing from the discoverable state to the connectable state in response to said requests fulfilling predefined criteria.
Metric computation for interference-aware routing
Systems and methods for computing and/or utilizing mutual information based link metrics for a link in a wireless mesh network are disclosed. In one embodiment, one or more mutual information values are computed for a link between a transmitter of a first network node and a receiver of a second network node in a wireless mesh network. Each of the one or more mutual information values is computed for a different hypothesized transmission mode for the link. One or more link metrics for the link are computed as a function of the mutual information values, where each link metric is computed based on a different one of the one or more mutual information values. In this manner, a link metric is computed for each of the one or more hypothesized transmission modes for the link. At least one of the link metrics are then provided to a routing update module.
Wireless communication system, wireless communication method, and transmitting terminal
A wireless communication system includes a plurality of wireless terminals. Each of transmitting terminals executes direct communication or indirect communication. The wireless communication system includes a first obtainer that obtains a reception side terminal number which is the number of the wireless terminals with which the receiving terminal is able to communicate directly, a second obtainer that obtains a transmission side terminal number which is the number of the wireless terminals with which the transmitting terminal is able to communicate directly for each of a target transmitting terminal and a neighboring transmitting terminal, and a setter that selects one of the direct communication and the indirect communication based on the reception side terminal number, the transmission side terminal number for the target transmitting terminal, and the transmission side terminal number for the neighboring transmitting terminal, and executes the selected communication.
Communication method and apparatus based on association mechanism in wireless local area network system
A method of communicating between an access point (AP) and a station (STA) in a Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) system is provided. The method includes receiving an association request (AREQ) frame requesting an association, from a STA, the AREQ frame comprising a common association response (C-ARSP) indicator indicating whether the STA has been received common association information for the association between the STA and the AP, determining an association response (ARSP) type for the STA based on the C-ARSP indicator and performing an association response for the ARSP type to the STA.
Method for supporting mobility of user equipment in wireless communication system, and device supporting the same
Provided is a method for supporting mobility of a user equipment in a wireless communication system. The method comprises the following steps: receiving Mobility State Estimation (MSE) control information including information for MSE from a network; executing mobility if a mobility condition is satisfied; updating a mobility counter on the basis of the MSE control information; estimating a mobility state of the user equipment on the basis of the updated mobility counter; and scaling a mobility parameter on the basis of the estimated mobility state.
Handover management scheme
Technologies are generally described for a handover management scheme. In some examples, a handover management system may include a grouping unit configured to make a group of one or more mobile devices to move together over a predetermined distance, each of the mobile devices operating either in an active state or in an idle state; and a message generation unit configured to generate a first message, wherein the first message enables at least some of the mobile devices receiving the first message to operate either in the active state or in a deep idle state.
Method and apparatus for measurement reporting in carrier aggregation wireless communication systems
When detecting occurrence of an event for transmitting a measurement report of a radio condition of a cell at a frequency set for a base station apparatus, to the base station apparatus (3) communicating with a terminal apparatus (2), the terminal apparatus (2) in a wireless communication system (1) creates a measurement report including information indicating radio conditions of cells at a frequency at which the event occurred and at another different frequency. The base station apparatus (3) controls whether or not to perform handover of the terminal apparatus (2) to another cell, on the basis of the measurement report transmitted from the terminal apparatus (2). Thereby, there is provided a wireless communication system in which a base station apparatus and the terminal apparatus are communicable with each other using multiple frequencies, the wireless communication system being capable of shortening time required for handover.
Apparatus, system, and method for predicting roaming patterns of mobile devices within wireless networks
The disclosed apparatus may include (1) a storage device that maintains information about mobile devices roaming within a wireless network, (2) an AP-prediction unit that (A) determines, based at least in part on the information maintained in the storage device, a number of times that a mobile device has visited a specific AP within the wireless network, (C) generates, based at least in part on the number of times, a score that represents a probability that the specific AP is the next AP visited by the mobile device, and then (D) determines that the score is above a certain threshold, and (3) a profile-distribution unit that provides, in response to the determination that the score is above the certain threshold, the specific AP with a roaming-session profile that facilitates transferring a roaming session of the mobile device to the specific AP. Various other apparatuses, systems, and methods are also disclosed.
A communication terminal for receiving a communication service from a network that is configured to provide communication services to terminals via a plurality of communication devices, the terminal being configured to receive a communication service from a communication device, receive, from that communication device, a request that it handover from that communication service to another provided by the network and decide, responsive to that request, whether or not to handover from that communication service to another provided by the network.
PLMN selection method, mobile terminal, BSC and core network device
Embodiments of the present invention disclose a public land mobile network PLMN selection method, including: when a mobile terminal is about to hand over from a first cell to a neighboring second cell, selecting, by the mobile terminal, a preferred PLMN after handover to the second cell; and sending, by the mobile terminal, identifier ID information of the preferred PLMN to a base station controller to which the first cell belongs. The embodiments of the present invention further disclose a mobile terminal, a base station controller, and a core network device. By applying the present invention, the PLMN to which the mobile terminal intends to hand over can be determined properly.
Opportunistic device-to-device communication
Embodiments of computer-implemented methods, systems, computing devices, and computer-readable media are described herein for opportunistically transitioning service flows of mobile devices between being direct and indirect. In various embodiments, a proximity between first and second mobile devices that are in wireless communication with each other may be monitored. In various embodiments, a selective transition of a service flow between the first and second mobile devices from being indirect through the radio network access node using a first radio access technology (“RAT”) to being direct using a second RAT may be facilitated, e.g., responsive to a determination that a first criterion has been met. In various embodiments, a selective transition of the service flow from being direct using the second RAT to being indirect using the first RAT may be facilitated, e.g., responsive to a determination that a second criterion has been met.
Method and apparatus for performing serving high speed downlink shared channel cell change
A method and an apparatus for serving high speed downlink shared channel (HS-DSCH) cell change are disclosed. A wireless transmit/receive unit (WTRU) receives pre-configured serving cell information for a target cell. The WTRU reports a measurement report and starts monitoring a high speed shared control channel (HS-SCCH) on the target cell. The WTRU may receive an HS-SCCH order over the target cell and/or a radio resource control (RRC) reconfiguration message over a source cell indicating a serving HS-DSCH cell change to the target cell. The WTRU may act upon all information elements of the RRC reconfiguration message in case that the RRC reconfiguration message is received prior to the HS-SCCH order, and act upon the pre-configured serving cell information in case that the HS-SCCH order is received prior to the RRC reconfiguration message.
System and method for reducing data loss during a serving cell change in a multi-flow HSDPA communication network
A method and apparatus for wireless communication may provide for reduced data loss during mobility events in a wireless communication network capable of downlink carrier aggregation. Some aspects of the disclosure provide for maintaining data corresponding to a flow in at least one buffer at a Node B when the Node B acts as a serving cell for the same UE both before and after a serving cell change. Another aspect of the disclosure provides for transferring buffered data from a Node B that acts as a serving cell for a UE before a serving cell change, to a Node B that acts as a serving cell for the UE after the serving cell change.
Wireless access point assignment
Embodiments disclosed herein relate to wireless access point assignment. In one embodiment, a client device is assigned to a wireless access point. For example, the client device may be assigned to the wireless access point based on network traffic associated with the client device. The client device may be assigned to the wireless access point based on the communication protocol of the client device. In one embodiment, a radio channel is assigned to a wireless access point based on a time based network traffic pattern associated with the wireless access point.
Handling incompressible data packets on multiple data flows
Methods and apparatus of compression on multiple data flows for communication between a user equipment (UE) and a serving node. The methods and apparatus include receiving multiple data flows for compression, wherein each of the multiple data flows includes a plurality of data packets, with each data packet having a data packet header and a payload. Further, the methods and apparatus include determining a compression state for each of the multiple data flows. Moreover, the methods and apparatus include performing a first compression algorithm on each of the multiple data flows determined to have a compression state set to a do-not-compress state, wherein the first compression algorithm includes compressing the data packet header of each data packet without compressing the payload of each data packet.
Wireless base station device, wireless system, and failure detection method
A wireless base station device includes a broadcast signal transmission unit that transmits a broadcast signal to a cell; a measurement signal communication unit that transmits to a mobile terminal device existing in the cell a measurement instruction signal and receives a measurement report signal from the mobile terminal device; a failure detection processing unit that detects a failure of a first cell with respect to a transmission function from the wireless base station to the first cell according to whether a measurement report signal including a measurement report of a wireless quality for a second cell measured by a mobile terminal device existing in a coverage area of the first cell is received or not; and an alarm signal transmission unit that transmits an alarm signal to notify a failure monitoring device of an occurrence of the failure of the first cell.
Methods, systems, and computer readable media for frequency selective channel modeling
The subject matter described herein includes methods, systems, and computer readable media for frequency selective channel modeling. One exemplary system includes a network equipment test device including at least one processor. The network equipment test device includes the UE emulator implemented by the at least one processor and configured to emulate a plurality of UEs that attach to and communicate with a device under test. The system further includes a frequency selective channel modeler configured to receive resource scheduling information for the UEs from the device under test, to determine channel performance categories for the UEs using the resource scheduling information and to determine values for channel quality parameters using the channel performance categories assigned to the resource blocks, which represent selected frequencies in the total channel bandwidth. The emulated UEs communicate the channel quality parameters to the device under test based on the frequency allocated for a given UE in the channel bandwidth.
Method and apparatus for monitoring and adjusting multiple communication services at a venue
Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, initiating first and second groups of communication sessions according to testing criteria where the first group of communication sessions is established via a local area wireless access technology utilizing the distributed antenna system and the second group of communication sessions is established via the second radio access technology utilizing the distributed antenna system, and measuring performance data for the first and second groups of communication sessions according to the testing criteria. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Communication system, wireless communication apparatus and state information receiving apparatus
A communication system includes a wireless communication apparatus which comprises a wireless communication unit performing wireless communication with a designated wireless apparatus as a communication correspondent; a state storing unit storing state information which indicates a communication state at each point of time in the wireless communication; a failure determination unit using a predetermined determination criterion to determine at each stage of the wireless communication whether or not a communication failure occurs in the wireless communication; a state acquisition unit acquiring from the state storing unit, when it is determined that a communication failure occurs, state information which indicates a communication state at each point of time during a predetermined time period; and a state sending unit sending via wireless communication the state information to a communication correspondent other than the designated wireless apparatus; and a state information receiving apparatus receiving the state information.
Digital broadcasting system and method of processing data
The present invention relates to a digital broadcasting system for transmitting/receiving a digital broadcasting signal and a method of processing data. In one aspect of the present invention provides a method of processing data, the method including receiving a broadcasting signal in which mobile service data and main service data are multiplexed, demodulating the received broadcasting signal, obtaining an identifier indicating that data frame of the broadcasting signal includes service guide information, decoding and storing the service guide information from the data frame; and outputting a service included in the mobile service data according to the decoded service guide information.
System and method for determining an interferer transmitting an interfering signal
A system for determining an actual interferer transmitting an interfering signal including first frequency portions of the interfering signal in a predetermined frequency band of a useful signal is provided. The system includes a signal evaluator configured to determine for each possible interferer of the plurality of possible interferers coefficient information of the possible interferer based on representation information of the possible interferer and based on processing information, such that the coefficient information of the possible interferer and the representation information of the possible interferer together indicate the preprocessed signal, wherein the processing information and the preprocessed signal together indicate the compressed signal.
Efficient deployment of mobile test units to gather location-dependent radio-frequency data
A technique for designing and testing drive-test plan for gathering location-dependent RF data is disclosed. In accordance with some embodiments of the present invention, one candidate drive-test plan is chosen for implementation over a second based on an economic cost-benefit analysis of both plans. This is in marked contrast to, for example, a selection of drive-test plans, or the design of a drive-test plan, based on a calibration-cost analysis, in which the data estimated to be the most effective to calibrate a radio-frequency tool is sought for a given cost or the least cost. Although a data-estimated-to-be-most-effective-to-calibrate-a-radio-frequency-tool vs. cost analysis is a species of cost-benefit analyses in general, it is not an economic cost-benefit analysis because a data-estimated-to-be-most-effective-to-calibrate-a-radio-frequency-tool vs. cost analysis has deficiencies that an economic cost-benefit analysis does not.
Blocking communication between rogue devices on wireless local access networks (WLANS)
Techniques which prevent rogue devices from continued access to a wireless communication system. A control element directs access points as to which mobile stations to service. Each access point maintains a record of the mobile stations it is servicing. At the direction of the control element, one or more access points send ACK (acknowledgement) messages when hearing messages from a rogue device. When the rogue device sends a message, it expects an ACK message in response, but those additional ACK messages interfere with the responsive ACK message, causing the rogue device to never hear the responsive ACK message. The rogue device assumes its message was not received, so it retries sending of that message. When the rogue device retries sending of its message, the responsive ACK message is similarly interfered with, until the rogue device concludes that its connection has been lost.
Network supporting two-factor authentication for modules with embedded universal integrated circuit cards
A network with a set of servers can support authentication from a module, where the module includes an embedded universal integrated circuit card (eUICC). The network can send a first network module identity, a first key K, and an encrypted second key K for an eUICC profile to an eUICC subscription manager. The second key K can be encrypted with a symmetric key. The module can receive and activate the eUICC profile, and the network can authenticate the module using the first network module identity and the first key K. The network can (i) authenticate the user of the module using a second factor, and then (ii) send the symmetric key to the module. The module can decrypt the encrypted second key K using the symmetric key. The network can authenticate the module using the second key K. The module can comprise a mobile phone.
Base station and method in relay node mobility
The present disclosure relates to a base station and a method for security key synchronization during relay node (RN) mobility. In one embodiment, the base station may include a first transceiver configured to receive a Next Hop Chaining Counter in use, NCCin_use, sent from a source base station; a security key synchronization determining unit configured to determine that a security key synchronization criteria as follows is met: NCClatest−NCCin_use>Threshold, wherein NCClatest denotes a Next Hop Chaining Counter corresponding to the last Next Hop (NH) received from evolved packet core (EPC) for the user equipment (UE), and Threshold is a predetermined threshold; a second transceiver configured to send a security key update request to a relay node serving the UE, and to receive a security key update response from the relay node serving the UE; and a security key updater configured to update the NCCin_use as the NCClatest.
Methods, systems, and devices to reduce audio truncation during transcoding
Reduction of audio truncation when transcoding speech data from one coding format to another. Embodiments include receiving packets of a first communication session containing first encrypted speech data encoded according to a vocoder of a first type and encrypted using an encryption protocol, and containing a first encryption protocol identification information distributed among the received packets. Further embodiments include extracting the first encryption protocol identification information from the received packets and processing the received packets based on the first encryption identification information. Embodiments include transmitting one or more voice header packets containing a second encryption protocol identification information in a second communication session as well as transmitting packets in the second communication session containing second encrypted speech data encoded according to a vocoder of a second type.
Measurement based eUICC fall-back
The present disclosure relates to a method performed by a connectivity service platform (2) in a communication network (1). The method comprises storing a fall-back policy comprising information about a fall-back timer. The method also comprises sending a policy message comprising information about the fall-back policy to a radio device (5) comprising an eUICC (6). The method also comprises determining that the radio device experiences a problem with a wireless network connection from a first subscription of the radio device with a first network operator (7). The method also comprises starting the fall-back timer in accordance with the stored fall-back policy in response to said determining. The method also comprises falling back in accordance with the stored fall-back policy in response to the started fall-back timer having expired, thereby enabling the connectivity service platform to communicate with the radio device via a network connection from a second subscription of the radio device instead of from the first subscription.
Apparatus for setting roaming parameter and method for the same to set roaming parameter
Provided are an apparatus for setting a roaming parameter and a method for the apparatus to set a roaming parameter. The apparatus includes a receiver configured to receive terminal information from a terminal connected to a wireless local area network (LAN), a manager configured to store and manage roaming parameters according to terminal models connectable to the wireless LAN (terminal-model-specific roaming parameters), a calculator configured to calculate a roaming parameter of the terminal using the received terminal information and the terminal-model-specific roaming parameters, and a transmitter configured to transmit the calculated roaming parameter to the terminal.
Mobile IP home agent discovery
Systems and methodologies are described that facilitate Mobile IP home agent (HA) discovery in a wireless communication system. Discovery of a HA for Mobile IP can be conducted as described herein for a mobile terminal located on a network wherein movement of the terminal is managed by a network-based mobility protocol. For example, various aspects described herein can be utilized for discovery of a HA located in a 3GPP network from 3GPP and/or non-3GPP access. Further, various aspects described herein can be utilized to discover a gateway acting as mobility anchor for a network mobility protocol utilized by the network. As additionally described herein, HA discovery can be conducted in connection with DNS query formation and communication, network attach and/or re-attach procedures, Neighbor Discovery signaling, and/or other procedures.
Special handling of certain types of communications
Systems and methods for providing special handling for certain types of communications are provided. More particularly, a normally secured access point can permit emergency communications to be transmitted in connection with unauthorized communication devices. Supplemental communications, for example to websites included in a predefined list by a communication device, can also be permitted once an emergency communication by that communication device has been allowed. Accordingly, emergency communications can be supported, while continuing to limit access with respect to non-emergency communications.
System, method and apparatus for distributed content dissemination
A wireless cellular or other device to control distribution and presentation of audio, video, or combined audio and video content transmitted from a content server and delivered to at least one contiguous device at substantially the same time. The cellular device sends control signals via various wireless communication protocols based upon user input. The control signals are sent to a content server attached to a TCP/IP network. The wireless cellular device and the content server interact through a request and reply interface, located within the wireless cellular device, based on inputs from the wireless device user. Content available for transmission from the content server is displayed and subsequently selected by the user. Separate audio and video content may be distributed to individually distinct rendering devices contiguous to and selected by the user. During or after the content is transmitted, the user may interact with the content through the wireless cellular device.
Communication path settings for wireless messaging based on quality of service
Examples disclosed herein provide systems, methods, and software to manage communication path settings for wireless messages based on quality of service. In one implementation, a messaging system on a first network for a wireless device may identify a message for a second wireless device. In response to the message, the messaging system queries a profile server for addressing information for the second device and quality of service information related to the communication path. Based on the information retrieved from the profile server, the messaging system determines a reply communication path for future messages and a time to live value that the reply path is valid. The messaging system then transfers the communication to the second wireless device with the reply communication path and the time to live information.
Messaging service application programming interface
A system comprising a computer-readable storage medium storing at least one program and a computer-implemented method that enables short message service (SMS) text messaging to be integrated into existing applications is presented. Consistent with some embodiments, the method may include receiving a request from a client application to transmit a message to a recipient device. The method may further include validating the request to ensure that the telephone number is valid and that the message conforms to a predefined messaging standard. In response to successfully validating the request, the method causes transmission of the message to the recipient device.
System and method for efficient state synchronization among neighboring network devices
According to one embodiment of the invention, a non-transitory computer readable medium comprising instructions which, when executed by one or more hardware processors, causes performance of operations including detecting, by a first network device, a second network device within a radio frequency (RF) communication range from the first network device. Responsive at least to detecting the second network device, the first network device subscribes to a multicast group associated with the second network device. Thereafter, the first network device receives multicast data associated with the multicast group associated with the second network device.
WiFi hazardous area VoIP paging telephone and system
VoIP-based telephone is provided with integral paging amplifier and a WiFi antenna, and is designed for hazardous areas such as UL Class I, Division 1, Division 2 and IEC Ex including the WiFi antenna. A system of VoIP-based telephone units supports multicast to provide prioritized and loudspeaker-zoned paging. The integral 30-watt class D amplifier in the telephone units provides sufficient volume for paging and ringing to be reliably detected by personnel in hazardous locations. Upon lifting the handset, the telephone unit can automatically revert to standard VoIP telephone operation. The telephones can be powered via DC, AC or with Power over Ethernet (POE).
Selectively adjusting a rate or delivery format of media being delivered to one or more multicast/broadcast single frequency networks for transmission
In an embodiment, a first MBSFN area is configured to support a higher data rate than a lower data rate portion of a second MBSFN area, and an application server executes a common data rate mode by delivering a data stream for a group session to the first and second MBSFN areas via IP multicast at a common data rate that is regulated by quality feedback. In a further embodiment, the application server exits the common data rate mode and delivers the data stream to the first MBSFN area via IP multicast at an MBSFN-specific data rate that is higher than the common data rate, while delivering the data stream to the lower data rate portion of the second MBSFN area via IP unicast. In another further embodiment, the application server resumes the common data rate mode.
Service providing device, service providing system including user profile server, and service providing method for service providing device
A service providing device is disclosed. The service providing device mounted in a vehicle comprises: a communication unit for receiving a terminal signal from at least one terminal device; and a control unit which determines the distance to the terminal device from the received terminal signal, determines a user riding in the vehicle on the basis of the determined distance, and provides a preset service on the basis of the determined user and terminal information included in the terminal signal. Thus, the service providing device can provide a service suitable for the user riding in the vehicle.
Apparatus and method for providing map service using global positioning service in a mobile terminal
An apparatus and method for providing a map service using a global positioning service in a mobile terminal includes determining a current position of the mobile terminal. A moving path of the mobile terminal is recorded. If content for key point marking are generated, a tag icon corresponding to the content is inserted into a point representing the current position of the mobile terminal. A map message includes the moving path, the tag icon, and the content.
Creating a database entry
A method comprises determining when a first portable device and a second portable device have been at a same current location for longer than a predetermined duration, and subsequent to determining that the first and second portable devices, have been at the same current location for longer than the predetermined duration, creating a database entry associated with the first portable device, the database entry including information identifying the second portable device.
System and method for providing proximity information
A method for privacy-preserving proximity detection comprising a grid-and-hashing paradigm, an optimal grid overlay and multi-level grids, which increases the detection accuracy while saving the wireless bandwidth. Furthermore, the present invention also provided a client-side location update scheme and the server-side update handling procedure for continuous proximity detection. The present invention is efficient and scalable under various system parameters and user moving speeds, in mobile geo-social networks.
Method and apparatus for reminding user based on set position by using mobile terminal
The present disclosure provides a method and an apparatus for reminding a user based on a set position by using a mobile terminal. The method mainly includes detecting, by a mobile terminal of a user by using a wireless network, that a distance between the mobile terminal and a set position is greater than a set value and reminding, by the mobile terminal, the user of a set event according to a set reminding manner. The present disclosure can make full use of a wireless local area network (WLAN) function or a wireless communication function of a mobile terminal to determine, without any additional hardware, a position of a user by using a WLAN or a positioning system, thereby implementing a function of reminding the user.
Method and system for providing enhanced location based information for wireless handsets
Methods, devices and systems for generating enhanced location information on or about a mobile device may include hybrid lateration and trilateration solutions in which the mobile device performs location determination calculations with the aid of network components or global positioning systems (GPS). Mobile devices may automatically form groups based on proximity and/or may be grouped together via a network server. Mobile devices in a group may share computed location information and/or information collected from internal sensors with other grouped mobile devices. Information shared between grouped mobile devices may be used to enhance the location information computed on each mobile device. For example, each mobile device may supplement and/or augment previously computed location information based on the received location information and/or relative positions of other mobile devices in the same group. Each mobile device may also utilize local sensors to further enhance their location information.
Location relevant data communication
In accordance with an example embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus comprising a memory configured to store information specific to a current location of the apparatus, the information comprising at least one indication of at least one prior processing performed on the information by a second apparatus distinct from the apparatus, at least one processing core configured to perform at least one processing action on the information, determine, whether the at least one processing action is superior to the at least one prior processing in accordance with a metric, and cause the information to be at least in part transmitted from the apparatus, wherein at least one of the occurrence of the transmission and the content of the transmission is at least in part dependent on a result of the determination.
System for providing information and associated devices
A system for providing locality information to a user is disclosed. The system comprises at least one magnetic field beacon. Each beacon comprises means for generating a magnetic field encoded with information associated with the beacon. A communication device is provided that comprises means for detecting the encoded magnetic field emitted by the beacon and means for extracting the information encoded in the detected magnetic field.
Mobile phone and method for near field communication
Disclosed herein is a mobile phone with the Near Field Communication (NFC) technology and method of operating the mobile phone. The mobile phone includes a display; a baseband chip; a near field communication (NFC) module comprising an RF antenna, an NFC tag circuit and an NFC main chip; and the RF antenna configured to receive incoming RF signals in 13.56 MHz.
Accessing a vehicle using portable devices
A primary portable device can access a vehicle by transmitting an activation message including a vehicle access credential to the vehicle. The primary portable device can additionally enable a secondary portable device to access the vehicle by transmitting the vehicle access credential to the secondary portable device. The connections between the primary portable device, secondary portable device, and vehicle can be based on a short-range wireless protocol, such as Bluetooth or Bluetooth LE.
Scheduling method in wireless communication system and device therefor
The present invention provides a scheduling method in a wireless personal area network (WPAN) system and a device therefor. Specifically, a method for allocating a guaranteed time slot (GTS) in a WPNA system comprises the steps of: receiving a GTS request command for requesting periodic GTS allocation from a device; and transmitting a beacon frame which includes periodic GTS allocation information to the device, wherein a GTS allocation interval is determined by GTS interval information included in the GTS request command, and an allocated periodic GTS expires if data or an acknowledgement (ACK) frame is not transmitted from the device within a section determined by the GTS allocation interval.
Method of connecting networks using Wi-Fi Direct in image forming apparatus, image forming apparatus supporting Wi-Fi Direct, and image forming system
A method of connecting an image forming apparatus to a network via Wi-Fi Direct, including: executing a Wi-Fi Direct function of the image forming apparatus so that the image forming apparatus operates as a soft access point (AP); displaying, when the image forming apparatus is connected to an external wireless device via the Wi-Fi Direct function, an embedded web page provided by the image forming apparatus on the connected wireless device; receiving access information of an infra network, to which the image forming apparatus is to be wirelessly connected, from the wireless device, wherein the access information is input via the displayed embedded web page; and establishing a wireless network connection between the image forming apparatus and the infrastructure network based on the access information received from the wireless device.
Wirelessly communicating with vehicle converters
In some implementations, a method for wirelessly communicating includes receiving, from a transceiver, a message associated with a value for a dynamic attribute of the vehicle. The message associated with the value for the dynamic attribute is wirelessly transmitted by a converter to a wireless device. The converter is connected to the transceiver and an on-board vehicle processor.
Terminal apparatus and method for connecting with a head unit of a vehicle
A terminal apparatus for connecting with a head unit of a vehicle comprises a communicator configured to perform communication with the head unit equipped in the vehicle and a vehicle center server. A storage is configured to download an application from the vehicle center server and store it. A controller is configured to check information of the head unit by executing the application and execute a user interface corresponding to the checked information.
Apparatus with adaptive microphone configuration based on surface proximity, surface type and motion
An apparatus includes a group of microphones and a surface compensator that is operatively coupled to switch logic and to a signal conditioner that provides a control channel to voice recognition logic. The surface compensator may detect surfaces in proximity to the apparatus as well as the surface's acoustic reflectivity or acoustic absorptivity and may accordingly configure the group of microphones including selecting appropriate signal conditioning and beamforming based on the surface acoustic reflectivity or acoustic absorptivity and the orientation of the apparatus. Voice recognition performance is thus improved when microphones are impeded or occluded by proximate surfaces. A group of sensors of the apparatus is used by the surface compensator to detect surfaces and surface type, and to determine apparatus orientation and motion.
Evaluation of sound quality and speech intelligibility from neurograms
An approach is described for evaluating a selected hearing stimulation strategy in a hearing impaired patient. A healthy neurogram represents a normal auditory neural response to a selected sound input by a healthy auditory system. An impaired neurogram represents an impaired auditory neural response to the selected sound input by a hearing impaired patient auditory system using the hearing stimulation strategy. The impaired neurogram is compared to the healthy neurogram based on: i. partitioning the neurograms into corresponding temporal and frequency domain tiles, ii. determining local variability between corresponding individual tiles by comparison of selected tile features, iii. determining global variability between the neurograms by weighted averaging of the individual tile comparisons, and iv. developing from the local and global variabilities a perception estimate representing effectiveness of the selected hearing stimulation strategy in approaching normal healthy hearing for the implanted patient.
Learning control of hearing aid parameter settings
The present invention relates to a method for automatic adjustment of signal processing parameters in a hearing aid. It is based on an interactive estimation process that incorporates user feedback. The method is capable of incorporating user perception of sound reproduction, such as sound quality over time. The user may fine-tune the hearing aid using a volume-control wheel or a push-button on the hearing aid housing, which is linked to an adaptive parameter that is a projection of a relevant parameter space. For example, this new parameter could control simple volume, the number of active microphones, or a complex trade-off between noise reduction and signal distortion. By turning the “personalization wheel” in accordance with user preferences and absorbing these preferences in the model resident in the hearing aid, it is possible to absorb user preferences while the user wears the hearing aid device in the field.
Capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) with through-substrate via (TSV) substrate plug
A Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducer (CMUT) device includes at least one CMUT cell including a first substrate of a single crystal material having a top side including a patterned dielectric layer thereon including a thick and a thin dielectric region, and a through-substrate via (TSV) extending a full thickness of the first substrate. The TSV is formed of the single crystal material, is electrically isolated by isolation regions in the single crystal material, and is positioned under a top side contact area of the first substrate. A membrane layer is bonded to the thick dielectric region and over the thin dielectric region to provide a movable membrane over a micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) cavity. A metal layer is over the top side substrate contact area and over the movable membrane including coupling of the top side substrate contact area to the movable membrane.
Enhanced stereo playback
Systems and methods in accordance with various embodiments of the present disclosure overcome one or more deficiencies in conventional approaches to stereo playback. In particular, various embodiments attempt to cancel or reduce the sound distortion and/or noise from “crosstalk signals” such that stereo effect can be maintained and/or enhanced. In some embodiments, the various embodiments attempt to reduce and/or compensate for the loss of low frequency (bass) sound signals. Moreover, a listener's position, such as his/her head position, can be tracked such that the enhanced stereo playback can be maintained if the listener changes position.
Multi-band harmonic discrimination for feedback suppression
A method and audio signal processor for detecting feedback in an electrical amplification system divides a frequency spectrum into a plurality of frequency bands, classifies a tone present in an incoming audio signal into one of the plurality of frequency bands based on a frequency of the tone, selects a threshold value based on the frequency band into which the tone is classified, and disqualifies the tone from potentially being feedback if an amplitude of the tone is greater than an amplitude of a harmonic of the tone by less than the threshold value. The tone is deemed to be potentially feedback if the amplitude of the tone is greater than an amplitude of a plurality of harmonics of the tone by at least the threshold value.
Audio source position estimation
An apparatus for determining a position estimate for an audio source comprises two microphones (M1, M2) and an acoustic element (203) providing an acoustic effect to sound from sound source positions to the first microphone (M1). The acoustic effect is asymmetric with respect to an axis (201) between the microphones (M1, M2). A position circuit (305) estimates two possible positions on different sides of the axis for the sound source in response to time of arrivals at the microphones (M1, M2). An estimator (307) determines an acoustic effect measure being indicative of a degree to which an acoustic effect of the first microphone signal matches an expected characteristic of the acoustic effect for sound sources on one side of the axis (201). Another circuit (309) determines the position estimate by selecting between the two possible positions in response to the acoustic effect measure. The approach may resolve ambiguities in position determination associated with position determination based on time of arrival at two microphones.
Positional disambiguation in spatial audio
A method including: obtaining phase information dependent upon a time-varying phase difference between captured audio channels; obtaining sampling information relating to time-varying spatial sampling of the captured audio channels; and processing the phase information and the sampling information to determine audio control information for controlling spatial rendering of the captured audio channels.
Methods and apparatuses for audio mixing
An example system may include a first mixer module configured to receive a latency-tolerant audio signal, buffer the latency-tolerant audio signal for a first duration, and process the latency-tolerant audio signal. The system may also include a second mixer module configured to receive the processed latency-tolerant audio signal from the first mixer module. The second mixer may also be configured to receive a latency-sensitive audio signal, where the latency-sensitive audio signal is shorter in duration than the latency-tolerant audio signal, and where the latency-sensitive audio signal corresponds to a user input. The second mixer may also be configured to buffer the latency-sensitive audio signal for a second duration, where the second duration is shorter than the first duration. The second mixer may also be configured to process the latency-sensitive audio signal, and combine the processed latency-tolerant audio signal and the processed latency-sensitive audio signal to create a combined signal.
Acoustic generator, acoustic generation device, and electronic apparatus
An acoustic generator disclosed herein includes: an exciter which vibrates by an electric signal being input; and a film-shaped vibrating body to which the exciter is bonded via a bonding material and which vibrates together with the exciter by the vibration of the exciter, wherein the bonding material has a protruded part which protrudes from an outer edge of the exciter when the vibrating body is viewed in plane, at least a part of the protruded part has an undulating shape so as to be different from a shape of the outer edge of the exciter, and a part without the bonding material is provided between the exciter and the vibration body.
Loudspeaker enclosure system having detachable wireless headphones and control method thereof
The present invention discloses a loudspeaker enclosure system having detachable wireless headphones, including: a loudspeaker enclosure and wireless headphones, where the loudspeaker enclosure and the wireless headphones may be used separately; also, the wireless headphones are arranged with a first connector, and the loudspeaker enclosure is arranged with a second connector. The first connector and the second connector may be fit into an electrical plug connection to use the wireless headphones and the loudspeaker enclosure in combination, so that the wireless headphones receive wireless audio signals and output the wireless audio signals to the loudspeaker enclosure to enable the loudspeaker enclosure to play music. The present invention can receive wireless audio signals and play music anywhere with the wireless headphones, and can also share music with others by playing music with the loudspeaker enclosure when necessary.
Wireless communications headset system employing a loop transmitter that fits around the pinna
A wireless communications headset system for double hearing protection systems that eliminates the problems associated with typical wireless communications systems. The system employs a magnetic-field coupled wireless link from a loop transmitter to a magnetic field receiver. Current through the transmitter wire loops generates magnetic flux which passes through a communications earplug. The earplug has a receiver for converting the magnetic flux to electrical voltage, and this voltage is used to drive a speaker within the earplug. The transmitter can be easily installed into aviation headsets. The loop transmitter has an open center sized so that it fits around the pinna of the human ear enabling a close position to the communications earplug. This close position is advantageous if an efficient system is desired.
Speaker frame and speaker having the same
A speaker frame, including: a vibration support portion supporting a vibrating body of a speaker; a magnet support portion arranged inside of said vibration support portion and supporting magnetic circuit portion of said speaker; and a plurality of connection beams connecting said vibration support portion and said magnet support portion, wherein the vibration support portion and the magnet support portion have a circular ring shape having the same major axis length and minor axis length, said plurality of connection beams are arranged radially centering on a central axis from said magnet support portion to said vibration support portion, the central axis being parallel to a direction of an acoustic radiation, and a length of one of said connection beams and a length of another connection beams are different from each other.
High-reliability active optical cable (AOC) with redundant emitters
An apparatus includes an array of electro-optical transducers, control circuitry, and a connector housing. The electro-optical transducers are configured to convert between electrical signals and respective optical signals conveyed over respective optical fibers. The control circuitry is configured, in response to a failure of a first electro-optical transducer in the array that is associated with a given optical fiber, to switch one or more of the electrical signals and the optical signals so as to replace the first electro-optical transducer with a second electro-optical transducer in the array in conveying an optical signal over the given optical fiber. The connector housing contains the array of the electro-optical transducers and the control circuitry.
Device and a method for merging optical components associated with one wavelength into a merged optical component
A device and a method are provided for merging a plurality of optical components associated with one wavelength into an optical component associated with the wavelength. The merging device includes, for each optical component of the plurality of components for merging: an optical element arranged to switch to a blocking position for blocking the optical component for merging, as a function of a blocking signal; a duplication element arranged to duplicate the optical component for merging for sending to combination element. The combination element is arranged to obtain the blocking signal by combining the duplicated optical components of the plurality of components other than the optical component for merging. A merging element is arranged to merge the optical components output by the optical element. The merging device may be integrated in an optical combiner of optical signals.
Video quality and audio quality adjustment
A system that incorporates teachings of the present disclosure may include, for example, a system having a controller that receives an indication of a resolution preference for presenting first media content received in a digital stream, wherein the digital stream comprises the first media content and second media content, and wherein the digital stream has a bandwidth limit. The controller, responsive to receiving the first media content adjusts a first resolution of the first media content to achieve an adjusted resolution. The controller also adjusts a second resolution of the second media content to offset, at least in part, the adjusted resolution, wherein the first resolution and the second resolution are adjusted without exceeding the bandwidth limit of the digital stream. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Apparatus and method for managing a social network
A system that incorporates teachings of the present disclosure may include, for example, a system having a controller to collect one or more user-generated comments from each of a plurality of computing devices, detect a correlation in the one or more user-generated comments collected from the plurality of computing devices, and establish a social network between the plurality of computing devices according to the detected correlation. The one or more user-generated comments can be temporally associated with media content presented at the plurality of computing devices. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Replacing an image with a media player
A computer-implemented method that includes receiving a request to generate an interface within a software application that is configured to play back one or more media files; for a first media file, generating an image representing a frame of the first media file; and causing the image to be displayed within the interface on a display device, where the image is configured to detect an event that causes a media player to be loaded into the software application behind the image.
Systems and methods for providing a broadcast entertainment service and an on-demand entertainment service
The present invention provides systems and methods for, in some cases, supplementing a broadcast media service with an on-demand and personalized media service.
System and method for troubleshooting a set top box
A method and system for troubleshooting a set top box is disclosed and can include receiving a trouble ticket from a set top box and initiating a self-test at the set top box. The method and system can include receiving test results from the set top box and analyzing the test results to isolate a problem.
Method and apparatus for managing personal content
A system that incorporates teachings of the present disclosure may include, for example, obtaining first personal content associated with a first mobile communication device, obtaining recognition information associated with a target individual where the recognition information is associated with at least one of images of the target individual and audio of the target individual, obtaining second personal content associated with the first mobile communication device, and performing recognition analysis on the second personal content using the recognition information to detect the target individual being present in second images of the second personal content, where a communication device associated with the target individual is provided with access to the second images. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Channel receiving apparatus and related channel receiving method
A channel receiving apparatus includes: a first modulating device converts a first channel into a first predetermined frequency according to a first oscillating signal and a second oscillating signal; and a second modulating device converts a second channel into a second predetermined frequency according to a third oscillating signal and a fourth oscillating signal; wherein the first oscillating signal has a first frequency, the second oscillating signal has a second frequency, the third oscillating signal has a third frequency, and the fourth oscillating signal has a fourth frequency, when the third frequency is substantially equal to the first frequency, the third oscillating signal is arranged to be shifted by a predetermined frequency range to have a fifth frequency different from the first frequency, and when the second frequency is substantially equal to the first frequency, the second frequency and the first frequency are shifted by the predetermined frequency range.
Hybrid media receiver, middleware server and corresponding methods, computer programs and computer program products
It is presented a hybrid media receiver capable of receiving broadcast media content using a first broadcast media network and a second broadcast media network, wherein the first broadcast media network complies with Internet Protocol Television, IPTV. The hybrid media receiver comprises: a content type receiver arranged to receive a first content type identifier and a second content type identifier, corresponding to the first broadcast media network and the second broadcast media network, respectively; and a channel data obtainer arranged to obtain, using the first content type identifier, a first list of scheduled media channels available to the hybrid media receiver over the first broadcast media network; and to obtain, using the second content type identifier, a second list of scheduled media channels available to the hybrid media receiver over the second broadcast media network. A corresponding middleware server, methods, computer programs and computer program products are also presented.
Realization method, device, and system for broadcast service grouping
A method, device and system for broadcast service grouping are provided. The method includes: receiving, by a terminal, at least one virtual channel table delivered by a network side, where the virtual channel table includes a first checksum and a data object that are generated by the network side, and the data object includes channel information; using a preset broadcast service group identifier and the data object of the virtual channel table to acquire a second checksum of the preset broadcast service group identifier and the data object of the virtual channel table; and acquiring a virtual channel table that passes check from the at least one virtual channel table delivered by the network side, when the first checksum matches the second checksum.
On the fly transcoding of video on demand content for adaptive streaming
A method includes receiving a request at a media server from a computing device for a portion of a particular rendition of content that is available for adaptive streaming. The request received while the media server has access to a single rendition of the content. When the portion is part of the single rendition, the media server sends the portion retrieved from the single rendition to the computing device in response to the request. When the portion is not part of the single rendition, the media server generates the portion by transcoding a corresponding portion of the single rendition of the content, stores the generated portion in a cache of the media server, and sends the generated portion to the computing device in response to the request. The method further includes removing portions of one or more outdated renditions from the cache while maintaining the generated portion in the cache.
System for detecting vehicle driving state
A system is adapted for detecting a driving state of a vehicle, and is operable to obtain real-time image frames corresponding to a driver of the vehicle for determining if the driver is in a dangerous driving state, to obtain operation information of the vehicle for determining if the vehicle is being operated in a dangerous condition when the driver is unable to be identified by the system, and to provide a notification when the driving state of the vehicle is determined to be dangerous.
Selective and/or scalable complexity control for video codecs
Methods and apparatus are presented herein to perform selective and/or scalable complexity control of the video codec, so that the amount of processing resources consumed by a video codec may be increased or reduced. Based on the configurable thresholds set within complexity control algorithms, the nonpredictive and the predictive coding sections of the video codec may be selectively implemented. The configurable thresholds are used to determine whether a desired amount of spatial information, such as texture information or motion information, is present within a video frame.
Video pipeline with direct linkage between decoding and post processing
In general, in one aspect, a decode order for a group of picture (GOP) frame structure for a video stream is modified to include regenerated P frames. The modified decode order includes a regenerated P frame of a P frame decoded prior to a sequence of B frames after last B frame in the sequence of B frames and before next I or P frame. The frames are decoded in modified decode order by a decode engine. The decoded frames are post processed in a display order (only includes regenerated P frames and does not include initial P frames defined in the decode order) by a post processing engine. The post processing engine may ignore the initial P frames or the decode engine may not forward the initial P frames to the post processing engine. The post processed frames may be prepared for presentation by a display engine.
Transcoding multiple media elements for independent wireless delivery
Transcoding multiple media elements for independent wireless delivery. Respective media or multimedia elements are selectively and respectively encoded and/or transcoded. Such respective and selective processing of different media elements provides for their unbundled and independent communication to one or more other devices. In one instance, different respective overlays of a display (e.g., a computer, TV, PDA display, etc.) are respectively and selectively transcoded and/or encoded to generate different respective streams that may each be handled differently as a function of any number of parameters (e.g., media element type, content, communication channel characteristic, source proximity, priority, etc.). Different types of media elements include photo/image, video, graphics, text, audio, picture-in-picture, two-dimensional (2D), three-dimensional (3D), and/or other types of media elements as may be included within a given configuration of a display. Each respective encoding and/or transcoding may be particularly optimized or tailored for a given media element type.
Marking pictures for inter-layer prediction
A method for video coding is described. Signaling of a maximum number of sub-layers for inter-layer prediction is obtained. A sub-layer non-reference picture is also obtained. It is determined whether a value of a temporal identifier of the sub-layer non-reference picture is greater than the maximum number of sub-layers for inter-layer prediction minus 1. The sub-layer non-reference picture is marked as “unused for reference” if the value of the temporal identifier of the sub-layer non-reference picture is greater than the maximum number of sub-layers for inter-layer prediction minus 1. In some cases a sub-layer non-reference picture is also obtained. It is determined whether a value of a temporal identifier of the sub-layer non-reference picture is greater than the maximum number of sub-layers for inter-layer prediction. The sub-layer non-reference picture is marked as “unused for reference” if the value of the temporal identifier of the sub-layer non-reference picture is greater than the maximum number of sub-layers for inter-layer prediction.
Progressive block encoding using region analysis
Methods of encoding an image stream. In one embodiment, the method comprises analyzing, for each block in a plurality of image blocks, changes from the same block in previous image frames; classifying each block as a non-video block if it has changed from a corresponding block in an immediately previous frame; re-classifying each non-video block as a video block if it meets video block requirements; encoding each non-video block having a first image type to a lossless quality level; encoding each non-video block having a second image type to a first lossy quality level; and encoding each video block to a second lossy quality level, wherein each of the lossless quality level, the first and the second lossy quality levels define a measurable image quality level of a decoded output of a corresponding block at a client computer, wherein the image frame comprises separate video insert, text and picture portions.
Context re-mapping in CABAC encoder
A video encoder may include a context-adaptive binary arithmetic coding (CABAC) encode component that converts each syntax element of a representation of a block of pixels to binary code, serializes it, and codes it mathematically, after which the resulting bit stream is output. A lookup table in memory and a context cache may store probability values for supported contexts, which may be retrieved from the table or cache for use in coding syntax elements. Depending on the results of a syntax element coding, the probability value for its context may be modified (e.g., increased or decreased) in the cache and, subsequently, in the table. After coding multiple syntax elements, and based on observed access patterns for probability values, a mapping or indexing for the cache or the table may be modified to improve cache performance (e.g., to reduce cache misses or access data for related contexts using fewer accesses).
Encoding or decoding method and apparatus
Embodiments of the present invention provide an encoding or decoding method and apparatus. The method includes: extracting first information in a bitstream; determining a chroma component intra prediction mode according to the first information; when the chroma component intra prediction mode cannot be determined according to the first information, extracting second information in the bitstream; and determining the chroma component intra prediction mode according to the second information, where the first information includes information for indicating whether the chroma component intra prediction mode is a DM mode or an LM mode, the second information is used to indicate a remaining mode as the chroma component intra prediction mode, and the remaining mode is one of available chroma component intra prediction modes other than a mode that may be determined according to the first information.
Video coding and decoding methods and video coding and decoding devices using adaptive loop filtering
A method of decoding video, the method including receiving and parsing a bitstream which includes encoded video; extracting encoded image data relating to a current picture, which image data is assigned to at least one maximum coding unit, information relating to a coded depth and an encoding mode for each of the at least one maximum coding unit, and filter coefficient information for performing loop filtering on the current picture, from the bitstream; decoding the encoded image data in units of the at least one maximum coding unit, based on the information relating to the coded depth and the encoding mode for each of the at least one maximum coding unit; and performing deblocking on the decoded image data relating to the current picture, and performing loop filtering on the deblocked data, based on continuous one-dimensional (1D) filtering.
Method and apparatus for last coefficient indexing for high efficiency video coding
A method, apparatus, article of manufacture, and a memory structure for encoding and decoding transform unit coefficients is disclosed. In one embodiment, the encoding of the transform unit coefficients is performed by determining if all of the coefficients of a portion of the transform unit disposed on a portion of a scan pattern are zero, setting a flag associated with the portion of the transform unit to a first value if at least one of the coefficients of the portion of the transform unit coefficients disposed on the portion of the scan pattern are non-zero, and setting the flag associated with the portion of the transform unit coefficients to a second value if all of the coefficients of the portion of the transform unit coefficients disposed in the portion of the scan pattern are zero.
Motion estimation technique for digital video encoding applications
The present invention provides an improved motion estimation encoder for digital video encoding applications. In one example embodiment, the improved encoder receives a raw image in the form of a current frame and estimates the macroblock motion vector with respect to a reference frame. The encoder then performs an initial local search around an initial motion vector candidate derived from spatio-temporal neighboring macroblock parameters. The encoder then compares the user-defined complexity scalable sum of absolute difference between the original and the associated reference macroblock against an adaptive threshold value for motion estimation convergence. The encoder introduces a global full search around a candidate from a coarser level, in case an initial local search fails. The encoder then selects an inter encoding mode for coding the current macroblock, when the first local search is successful, otherwise the encoder selects the inter or intra encoding mode for encoding the current macroblock by comparing variances of the original and difference macroblocks.
Systems and methods of encoding multiple video streams with adaptive quantization for adaptive bitrate streaming
Systems and methods for encoding multiple video streams in accordance with embodiments of the invention are disclosed. In one embodiment, a method for encoding source video as alternative video streams includes collecting statistics on source video data and writing statistics to shared memory in a first pass through received multimedia content, where the statistics include complexity measures of blocks of pixels, determining initial encoding information for source video data and writing initial encoding information to shared memory during the first pass, encoding the source video data in parallel using collected statistics and initial encoding information to produce alternative video streams during a second pass, and parallel encoding processes reuse additional encoding information that has already been determined for a portion of video and generate additional encoding information that has not already been determined for a portion of video, where the additional encoding information includes quantization parameters for blocks of pixels.
Prediction mode-based block ordering in video coding
Video data streams can be encoded and decoded using inter or intra prediction. The blocks of a frame can be divided into groups of blocks to be inter predicted and blocks to be intra predicted, and the blocks to be inter predicted are encoded first. The availability of data from the inter predicted blocks can improve the performance of intra prediction over processing the blocks in the scan order since more pixel data is available for intra prediction of some blocks. For example, when the scan order is raster scan order, intra prediction of a block can use pixels peripheral to the bottom and right sides of the block in addition to the pixels peripheral to the top and left sides of the block.
Dual-port testing of a cable network
A dual-port testing apparatus is provided for testing a cable network at two test points. The testing may comprise demodulation of a same data packet at the test points, decoding the data packet, performing spectral analysis of the signal, etc. Testing results may be correlated with one another, both visually and by using pre-defined test metrics comprising a weighted sum of demodulation and decoding parameters such as modulation extinction ratio and a codeword error.
Method of defining stereoscopic depth
A method for efficiently manipulating 3D scenes recorded by a virtual camera using a computer system comprised of projectors, graphics accelerators, one or more CPUs, instances of 3D rendering software, and a MIDI interface, includes receiving from the MIDI controller camera parameters, defining left camera and right camera parameters based on the camera parameters, determining left and right images based upon left and right camera parameters, projecting left and right images, viewing left and right images, integrating left and right images to represent a 3D scene, manipulating the 3D scene until the user is satisfied, and storing the left and right camera parameters, and storing the left and right images.
Encoding device and encoding method, and decoding device and decoding method
The present technology relates to an encoding device and encoding method, and a decoding device and a decoding method whereby the data amount of encoded data of images of multiple viewpoints can be reduced. A low-resolution reference image generating unit performs, in the event of encoding a color image of a viewpoint B having lower resolution than the resolution of a color image of a viewpoint A, different from the viewpoint A, resolution reduction processing to reduce resolution on the image of the viewpoint A so that the resolution of the color image of the viewpoint A agrees with the resolution of the color image of the viewpoint B. An inter prediction unit generates a prediction image of the color image of the viewpoint B with reference to the color image of the viewpoint A after resolution reduction processing. A computing unit and so forth encode the color image of the viewpoint B using the prediction image. The present technology may be applied to a 3D-image encoding device, for example.
Apparatus and method of controlling brightness of image
Provided are an image brightness controlling apparatus and method, and an adaptive brightness controlling apparatus and method based on the brightness degree and/or brightness range of an image. The image brightness controlling apparatus includes a brightness increment arithmetic unit for outputting a brightness increment for a pixel, and an individual component brightness increment arithmetic unit for outputting the brightness increments of individual components constituting the pixel in response to the brightness increment for a pixel. The individual component brightness increment arithmetic unit multiplies the brightness increment of the pixel by each of the unit vectors of the components constituting the pixel to obtain the brightness increments of the individual components. The image brightness controlling apparatus further includes an adder for adding the components constituting the pixel to the brightness increments of the components. The image brightness controlling apparatus and the adaptive image brightness controlling apparatus can maintain the sense of color of an image (e.g., the hue or chroma of an image) while increasing the brightness degree and brightness range of an image.
Barrel-based white balance filter
A barrel-based white balance filter includes an opaque barrel attachable to a camera lens of a camera and a white balance component in the form of a milky white or gray filter having a milky white or gray annular rim and axially adjustably mounted in the opaque barrel so that the milky white or gray annular rim is protected by the opaque barrel against the radiation of vivid light or reflected light during a manual white balance operation when the white balance component is completely received in the opaque outer barrel, enabling the manual white balance system of the camera to measure the average white balance value of the viewing scene accurately.
Image processing device, imaging apparatus, computer, image processing method, and non-transitory computer readable medium
An image enlargement processing portion 16 of the image processing device includes a data acquisition section 70 which judges whether or not photographing condition data is included in the image photographing data, and for acquiring content of the photographing condition data in a case where it is judged that the photographing condition data is included in the input image photographing data, and an enlargement process determination section 72 which determines a process parameter for an enlargement process for generating enlarged image data from the imaging data, in which the photographing condition data includes information regarding presence or absence of an optical low-pass filter during creation of the imaging data or information regarding an array of color filters of an imaging portion used to create the imaging data.
Solid-state imaging apparatus and camera
A solid-state imaging apparatus, including a plurality of pixels, and an A/D conversion unit configured to convert a pixel signal of an analog signal into a digital signal, wherein the A/D conversion unit comprises a comparator, a sampling unit, a counter, and an output unit configured to output the digital signal based on a count result of the counter and a sampling result of the sampling unit, and the sampling unit comprises first and second latch units configured to latch an output from the comparator in response to first and second clock signals, respectively, and a third latch unit configured to latch an output from the first latch unit in response to an output of the second latch unit.
Photoelectric conversion device and image pick-up device
A photoelectric conversion device includes a semiconductor substrate, an insulating layer provided on the semiconductor substrate, an electrode provided on the insulating layer, a photoelectric conversion film provided on the electrode for converting received light to charges, a line connected between the electrode and the semiconductor substrate, a first planar electrode provided in the insulating layer and connected to the electrode, and a second planar electrode provided in the insulating layer between the first planar electrode and the semiconductor substrate.
Methods and systems for solar shade analysis
Some embodiments include a method of operating a computing device for performing solar shading analysis. The method can include: receiving a multimedia message from a mobile device, the multimedia message including a photograph of an image of sky reflected off of a reflective dome attached to an apparatus platform; identifying an unobstructed sky area and an obstructed sky area in the photograph; computing a shading percentage based on relative portions of the unobstructed sky area and the obstructed sky area; and generating a solar analysis report including the shading percentage, in response to receiving the multimedia message.
Method for interactive training and analysis
Apparatus and methods are provided that can display selected predetermined postures or predetermined motions on a frame by frame basis or as a continuous motion for imitation or emulation by a system user or subject to, for example, learn the motion or posture, or to be guided in rehabilitation from a trauma, surgery or other injury, or to permit comparison of the users posture or motion to a baseline posture or motion for purposes of analysis or diagnosis.
System and method for providing update information
A system and a method for providing update information. The system includes a client computer which is operably connected to a program information server. The program information server maintains one or more program information items. The system also includes a program selection server which allows the user to select which of the program information items are to be viewed by the user. Based upon a dynamically adjustable polling period, the client computer requests the program information server to provide the client computer new program information items. The program information items include one or more media items that may be selected for viewing by a user positioned at the client computer. The client computer provides a newness indicator to the user, the newness indicator indicating to the user when one or more items of the media content is new and has not been previously viewed by the user.
Video session manager and method for enabling and managing video calling and telepresence communications sessions across multiple domains
A video session manager and method for enabling, optimizing and managing inter-domain video calling, telepresence and videoconferencing sessions, in exclusive video sessions, or within multi-modal communications sessions. The video session manager and method is operative for receiving and analyzing a communications session request from one or more endpoints (users); determining the viability of a communication session based on one or more attributes of the session; connecting the one or more requesting endpoints to start the session; continuously or periodically monitoring the session for problems with or changes in the session; and altering the parameters of the session in accordance with one or more predetermined policies, if a problem or change is detected, in order to maintain the viability of the session.
Methods and apparatus to detect content skipping by a consumer of a recorded program
Methods and apparatus to detect content skipping by a consumer of a recorded program are disclosed. An example disclosed apparatus includes a segment identifier to identify a first number of times a media segment was fast-forwarded and a second number of times the media segment was rewound; and a recapture identifier to determine whether the media segment was recaptured based on a comparison of the first number of times and the second number of times.
System and method for dynamically adjusting recording parameters
Content receivers may be configured to simultaneously record multiple instances of content for multiple programming channels based on content provider instructions. Systems and methods utilize the content receivers to dynamically adjust recording parameters to account for instances of content with a start time and/or end time that falls outside of predefined recording parameters. The dynamically adjusted recording parameters may adjust the number of channels recorded and/or instances of content recorded. The content receiver may compare programming information received at a processing unit with predefined recording parameters and may dynamically adjust the recording parameters based on the comparison. The content receiver may generate on screen display content to include information on the dynamically adjusted recording parameters and may transmit the on screen display content to a content display device for notifying the user of the dynamically adjusted recoding parameters.
System and method for time-shifted program viewing
A system and method for time-shifted viewing of broadcast television programs is disclosed. Simultaneous recording and playback are provided by using buffer storage as the source and destination of compressed or uncompressed digital video/audio programs. Full VCR-like control is provided for all playback within the buffer storage. Playback and control of recorded programs may be initiated by the user at any time after initiation of the broadcast program with simultaneous continuous recording of the ongoing live broadcast. Larger archival storage and removable is also provided for storing and building a library of programs. Viewer playback control data may be stored as part of the program or used as edit points prior to archival. Numerous options are provided for features such as continuous automatic recording in a circular buffer fashion, program archival, editing, Internet interfaces, multiple-channel recording and more.
Display apparatus and television receiver
A display apparatus, comprising: a display panel including a display region displaying an image in front side at a center part of the display panel, and including a non-display region around the display region; a light guide plate arranged in rear side of the display panel, and being opposed to the display panel; an optical sheet arranged between the light guide plate and the display panel; and a support part arranged between the optical sheet and the light guide plate, and supporting an edge part of the optical sheet, wherein the optical sheet is opposed to the display region and the non-display region, and at least a part of the support part is located in the display region over a boundary between the non-display region and the display region.
Communication system, transmission apparatus, transmission method, reception apparatus and reception method
An AV system composed of an HD recorder and a display unit uses a communication interface of the HDMI. An HDMI source of the HD recorder transmits image data (image signal) in the form of differential signals to an HDMI sink of the display unit through three TMDS channels. The HDMI source inserts content identification information for the identification of the type of a content of image data to be transmitted into an AVI InfoFrame packet placed in a blanking period. A control section of the display unit controls operation of a display processing section which carries out a process for displaying for the image data based on the content identification information received by the HDMI sink and a display section for displaying an image.
Semiconductor apparatus, solid-state image sensing apparatus, and camera system
A semiconductor apparatus, a solid-state image sensing apparatus, and a camera system capable of reducing interference between signals transmitted through adjacent via holes, preventing an increase in the number of the via holes, reducing the area of a chip having sensors thereon and the number of mounting steps thereof. A first chip and a second chip are bonded together to form a laminated structure, a wiring between the first chip and the second chip being connected through via holes, the first chip transmitting signals obtained by time-discretizing analog signals generated by respective sensors to the second chip through the corresponding via holes, the second chip having a function of sampling the signals transmitted from the first chip through the via holes at a timing different from a timing at which the signals are sampled by the first chip and a function of quantizing the sampled signals to obtain digital signals.
Image sensor and compensation method thereof
An image sensor is provided. The image sensor includes a pixel array, an analog-to-digital converter, and a processor. The analog-to-digital converter converts a black level reference signal and a pix signal from the pixel array into a first digital signal and a second digital signal, respectively. The processor obtains a black level reference value according to the first digital signal, and obtains a compensation coefficient according to the black level reference value, a maximum digital level of the analog-to-digital converter and a full signal range value. The processor obtains pix data according to the compensation coefficient, the black level reference value and the second digital signal.
Infrared night driving assistant system for a motor vehicle
A night driving assistant system uses a tablet to wirelessly control an infrared camera in a motor vehicle. An infrared camera system is detachably fixed to the motor vehicle and captures the infrared thermal images of the road scene while the motor vehicle is moving and outputs the video signals of the captured infrared thermal images. A magnetic base is positioned under the chassis of the infrared camera system and attaches the infrared camera system to the motor vehicle. A tablet is detachably mounted inside the motor vehicle, connecting wirelessly with the infrared camera system and displaying video signals transmitted from the infrared camera system. By manipulating the tablet, functions can be realized such as operating the infrared camera system, recognizing a human/animal, triggering Global Positioning System (GPS) navigation, record/store/redisplay videos as well as processing multi-functions like split-screen display etc.
Image processing apparatus and method
An image processing apparatus may include a sensor unit which generates both a color image and a depth image. A color-depth time difference correcting unit may correct a mismatching that occurs due to a time difference between a point in time when the color image is generated and a point in time when the depth image is generated. An image generator may generate a stereoscopic image or a multi-view image using the color image and the depth image after the mismatching is corrected.
System and method for tracking
Systems and methods are provided for tracking at least position and angular orientation. The system comprises a computing device in communication with at least two cameras, wherein each of the cameras are able to capture images of one or more light sources attached to an object. A receiver is in communication with the computing device, wherein the receiver is able to receive at least angular orientation data associated with the object. The computing device determines the object's position by comparing images of the light sources and generates an output comprising the position and angular orientation of the object.
Structured illumination projection with enhanced exposure control
A method for controlling a structured illumination pattern generating portion is provided for illuminating a workpiece during an image acquisition by a camera in a precision machine vision inspection system. A controllable spatial light modulator (e.g., a digital light processing projector) is part of the generating portion for generating the structured illumination pattern. The pattern may comprise an array of stripes including a sinusoidal gray level intensity variation across each stripe. An overall image exposure is increased by repeating a complete structured illumination pattern generation iteration, including gray level variation, a plurality of times during an image integration period. Structured illumination microscopy techniques for determining a workpiece surface profile may benefit, wherein multiple (e.g., 3 or 4) images are acquired at respective focus positions to be analyzed, by using the method to project a different phase of a structured light pattern for each of the multiple images.
Image generating apparatus and method
An image generating method of an image generating apparatus is provided. The method includes displaying a live view image on a screen of an image generating apparatus, comparing a shutter speed with a frame rate of the live view image when there is a command to image a still image during the displaying of the live view image, adding current frame data of the live view image to next frame data of the live view image to generate added next frame data when the shutter speed is smaller than the frame rate of the live view image, and reading out the added next frame data of the live view image to generate the still image.
Mobile device and optical imaging lens thereof
The present disclosure provides a mobile device and an optical imaging lens thereof. The optical imaging lens may comprise five lens elements positioned in an order from an object side to an image side. Through controlling the convex or concave shape of the surfaces of the lens elements, the optical imaging lens may exhibit better optical characteristics and the total length of the optical imaging lens may be shortened.
Drive device which can be freely attached to/detached from lens barrel, and process control method and adjustment method for same
There are provided a drive device that is detachably mounted on a lens barrel making time, which is required until the position of a zoom ring is detected, uniform, a method of controlling initial processing for storing a result of initial processing in a memory, and a method of adjusting an angular position. A series of pulses are output from an encoder 45 according to the rotation of a zoom ring. A reference signal is output from a photo interrupter 40 at an intermediate position of a movable range of the zoom ring. The present position of the zoom ring is calculated from the pulses of the encoder that are generated after the rising or falling of the reference signal. Time, which is required until the position of the zoom ring is detected, is made uniform.
Image processing apparatus that is capable of two-color printing, control method therefor, and storage medium storing control program therefor
An image processing apparatus that is capable of reducing the printing time when printing data saved and is capable of two-color printing. A raster conversion unit generates raster image data by developing image information that shows an image expressed in arbitrary colors. A storage unit stores the raster image data converted by the raster conversion unit and a color mode that is specified from among “full color”, “single color”, and “two-color” when the raster image data is printed. A color conversion unit generates output image data by processing the raster image data according to the selected color mode. A control unit makes a printer unit print the output image data that is generated by processing the raster image data stored in the storage unit by the color conversion unit when being instructed to print the image.
Overhead image reading apparatus
An overhead image reading apparatus includes an image-capturing unit that captures an image of a medium to be read placed on a placement surface from above, a light source capable of irradiating the medium with light, and a brightness controller that gradually alters brightness of the light source at least when the light source is turned on or when the light source is turned off. The overhead image reading apparatus may gradually alter the brightness by duty control on current supplied to the light source. Or, the overhead image reading apparatus may gradually alter the brightness by controlling a current value supplied to the light source. Alternatively, the overhead image reading apparatus may include a variable aperture between the light source and the placement surface to gradually alter the brightness by controlling an opening area of the aperture.
Sheet conveying device and image reading apparatus
A sheet conveying device, including: a base; a conveyor for conveying a sheet; a supporter configured to be movable between a first position and a second position; a pair of regulators provided so as to protrude from respective widthwise opposite ends of the supporter and configured to regulate a position, in a widthwise direction, of the sheet supported by the supporter; a pair of engaged portions each constituted by one of a recess and a hole formed in a corresponding one of the regulators; and a pair of engaging portions protruding from the base so as to correspond to the pair of engaged portions, the engaging portions being configured to engage with the engaged portions when the supporter is located at the first position and to disengage from the engaged portions when the supporter is located at a position that is shifted from the first position toward the second position.
Image reading device and image processing method utilizing the same
There is disclosed an image processing apparatus provided with a reader for reading an original image, a connection unit for connection with a network to which plural computers are connected, and a transfer units for transferring the image data, read by the reader, to a computer through the connection unit, the apparatus comprises a specifying unit for specifying desired one among the computers connected through the connection unit, and a designation unit for designating image reading by the reader, wherein the transfer unit is adapted to transfer the image data, read by the reader in response to the designation by the designation unit, to a computer specified by the specifying unit.
Method and apparatus for providing internet service carrying out fee payment in wireless communication network
The present disclosure relates to a method and an apparatus for an Internet service provider server providing a sponsored service, in which a service provider server pays a mobile communication usage fee in place of a user equipment, and the method for providing the sponsored service comprises: a connection step of selecting predetermined sponsored content so as to provide the sponsored service by means of the user equipment accessing the Internet service provider server; an authentication step of authenticating to the user equipment that the sponsor service is valid by a sponsorship manager, which is a device for managing the sponsor service, connecting with the user equipment on the mobile communication network; a step for the Internet transmitting to the user equipment the sponsored content that comprises in an IP packet either an IspCode, which is pre-allocated by the sponsorship manager for identifying the Internet provider server, or an IspTrfCode, which is pre-allocated by the sponsorship manager for identifying the sponsored service; and a ending step of ending the connection between the user equipment and the sponsorship manager, and the user equipment and the sponsorship manager collecting traffic information with regard to the sponsored service.
Method of transmitting speech and digital data via an analog speech channel
A method of transmitting speech and digital data via an analog speech channel within a single frequency band, wherein an analog speech signal is transmitted via the speech channel and a stream of digital data is encoded by an encoding device to a sequence of blocks of symbols taken from a predetermined set of symbols. The transmission of the analog speech signal is periodically blanked during predetermined spaced time intervals, and the blocks of symbols are transmitted during the time intervals. In each time interval a plurality of signals are transmitted via a corresponding plurality of spaced predetermined carrier frequencies. A receiver receives the analog speech signal and the signals transmitted during the time intervals. The signals are demodulated to recover the individual symbols and the respective block of symbols transmitted during the time interval groups, and the digital data is recovered by decoding recovered blocks of symbols.
System and methods for selective audio control in conference calls
A conference call system and method thereof for controlling audio channels in a conference call. In particular, the conference call system enables a common communication session in which multiple participants may control audio settings associated with other participants. Selective audio control of the associated channel may be used for muting or unmuting a specific communication device, adjusting the volume level of an audio signal received from a specific communication device, altering various additional parameters of an audio signal received from a specific communication device, and the like.
Using a speech analytics system to offer callbacks
Various embodiments of the invention provide methods, systems, and computer-program products for setting up a callback for a party placed on hold. In particular embodiments, speech analytics is used to listen in on a party once the party has been placed on hold for a keyword spoken by the party indicating the party would like to receive a callback. In response to detecting the keyword spoken by the party, a notification is sent to a component such as an IVR and in turn, the IVR interacts with the party to obtain information from the party with respect to placing a callback to the party. Accordingly, this information is recorded so that a callback can be placed to the party at a later time by some type of call handler component such as, for example, a dialer or PBX.
Method and apparatus for analyzing leakage from chat to voice
The customer experience is enhanced by detecting leakage-to-voice from chats and providing recommendations to operations, chat agents, and customers. A chat is classified into leakage-to-voice or leakage-to-text chat and actionable recommendations are then provided to operations, chat agents, and customers based on the leakage information. Once leakage is identified, various other insights are extracted from chats and such insights are fed into the knowledge-base. Such insights also used in agent training and are provided to chat agents as recommendations. This results in a better customer experience.
Devices, systems, and methods for responding to telemarketers
Aspects of the disclosure provide responses from a communication device to a call from an unknown source, such as telemarketers. In certain aspects, information associated with a communication address of the unknown source can be accessed by the communication device, and a response to the call can be specific to some or all of the information. In other aspects, the responses can be automated and/or can be directed, at least in part, by external input supplied to the communication device.
911 call assistance for assisted device user
A system and method for use with an assisted user's communication device that includes a display and a speaker, the method comprising the steps of providing a processor programmed to perform the steps of, upon placement of an emergency call to a hearing user, recognizing the call as an emergency call, automatically initiating a captioning service to provide text transcription of voice messages from the hearing user and maintaining the captioning service for at least a time out period irrespective of actions by the assisted user and, upon placement of a non-emergency call, only starting the captioning service after a request for the captioning service from the assisted user is received.
System and method for cellular call monitoring using downlink channel correlation
Methods and systems for monitoring communication of mobile communication terminals, such as cellular phones. An off-air monitoring system reconstructs both directions of a call conducted between two mobile terminals by receiving only downlink channels. The off-air monitoring system receives multiple downlink transmissions transmitted by base stations in a wireless communication network. The system uses the received downlink transmissions to reconstruct the bidirectional call content of calls conducted between wireless terminals. In order to reconstruct the bidirectional content of a given call, the system identifies and correlates the two downlink transmissions of that call from among the multiple received downlink transmissions.
Intelligent auto screen lock
A method, an apparatus, and a computer program product are provided. The apparatus may be a UE. The UE has a screen display. The UE detects that at least one image is being rendered by a first application in a predetermined display mode at the screen display. The UE receives a first input through an input device. The first input instructs the UE to perform a function. The UE discards the first input and continuing displaying the at least one image based on a predetermined rule.
Communication apparatus, processing method and computer-readable recording medium
According to one embodiment, a communication apparatus includes a communication unit that establishes at least one proximity wireless connection with a communication partner apparatus. The communication apparatus includes a connection monitoring unit that monitors the communication unit and detect establishment of the wireless connection. The communication apparatus includes an execution control unit that identifies an establishment history of a plurality of the wireless connections based on a result of monitoring by the connection monitoring unit and, based on the establishment history, controls a process execution unit that executes at least one process.
Differentiated access for mobile device
Mobile devices and methods are disclosed for providing privacy and confidentiality of information through the provision of multiple profiles that control access to the information, and operation of the mobile device in accordance with a profile chosen by entry of an associated access code.
Mobile terminal and controlling method thereof
A mobile terminal and controlling method may be provided. The mobile terminal may include a microphone, a necklace strap, a pendant part sliding to move along the necklace strap by being coupled with the necklace strap, a sensing unit detecting a location of the pendant part in accordance with a slide movement of the pendant part, and a controller to recognize a voice command received through the microphone. The controller may perform a first function in response to a first voice command recognized through the microphone if the detected location of the pendant part belongs to a first range. The controller may perform a second function in response to the first voice command recognized through the microphone if the detected location of the pendant part belongs to a second range.
Dynamic voicemail receptionist system
A voicemail receptionist system includes a memory and a processor. The memory can store data relating to one or more users. An incoming communication can be handled by the voicemail receptionist system and provided with functionality based upon a user's preferences, for example. The data stored by the voicemail receptionist system can be updated at any time, or automatically updated upon updating of the data, or upon occurrence of a trigger event. Voicemail receptionist functionality can include standard voicemail system functionality as well as functionality relating to email, text messaging, MMS messaging, calendar features, schedule announcements, location data, as well as other features.
Device comprising housings
The portable telephone of the invention comprises two housings having a display screen on one of the housings, a first connection section that connects the two housings such that the housings can be opened and closed in a first direction, and a second connection section that connects the two housings such that the housings can move from an overlapped state in a second direction that is different than the first direction such that step is formed on the end sections of the housings. When the portable telephone is placed on a flat surface such as a desk, the portable telephones stably stands on its own by way of the step with the display screen facing upward at an angle. Therefore, the angle between the display screen and the line of sight of the user becomes nearly perpendicular, so the display screen is easy for the user to see.
System and method for enabling a dual-wire protocol
A system and method for enabling a dual-wire protocol (DWP). A low-power alternative to the single wire protocol (SWP) is provided that uses an extra wire. DWP can reduce the NFC chip's current requirement to almost zero, while enabling higher transmission rates.
Wireless communication base station and wireless communication method
To prevent the switching time influences power saving performance and packet loss prevention performance, it is provided a wireless communication base station for communicating with a terminal, comprising: a plurality of baseband signal processing units for performing baseband signal processing; a baseband allocation unit for allocating the baseband signal processing to the plurality of baseband signal processing units; and a linear processing unit for composing signals processed by the plurality of baseband signal processing units. The baseband allocation unit selects, for each data block, a baseband signal processing unit to which the baseband signal processing for the each data block is to be allocated out of the plurality of baseband signal processing units. Each of the plurality of baseband signal processing units performs the allocated baseband signal processing. The linear processing unit composes, by means of linear calculation, the signals processed by the plurality of baseband signal processing units.
Multicast-unicast protocol converter
A protocol converter includes a processor configured to receive a request for content from a client system. The processor is further configured to determine if the protocol converter is currently receiving the content through the multicast session, and join the multicast session if the protocol converter is not currently receiving the content. Additionally, the processor is configured to receive the content as an end point of the multicast session, format the content for communication to the client system, and provide content to the client system in a communication separate from the multicast session. Receiving the content as an end point of the multicast session can include terminating the application layer protocol used by the multicast session. Additionally, formatting the content can include re-encapsulating the content as hypertext transport protocol (HTTP) with an appropriate content-type.
Optimizing network communications
A mechanism is provided for optimizing network communications. A first data transfer request is received via a first application level socket connection in an originating computing device. Prior to opening a kernel level socket connection to a destination computing device, a determination is made as to whether a second data transfer request has been received via a second application level socket connection in the originating computing device, the second data transfer request identifying a destination computing device that is the same as the destination computing device as the first data transfer request. Responsive to identifying the second data transfer request, the first data transfer request and the second data transfer request are coalesced into a third data transfer request stored in a single kernel level socket buffer of the originating computing device. The third data transfer request is then sent to the destination computing device via a single TCP/IP stack.
End-to end acceleration of dynamic content
A method of accelerating dynamic content between Points of Presence (POPs) and front-loading latency bottlenecks in a Content Delivery Network (CDN) may include receiving, at a first POP, a content request from a user device, where content responsive to the content request includes a first content portion that is not stored in the first POP. The method may also include determining that the first content portion is available through a second POP. The method may additionally include transmitting the first content portion through a persistent connection mesh from the second POP to the first POP, wherein the persistent connection mesh is maintained between the first POP and the second POP prior to the request for content being received by the first POP. The method may further include delivering the content responsive to the content request to the user device.
Photo selection for mobile devices
In one embodiment, a computing device receives from a mobile device a request for one or more images. The computing device adjusts one or more of the images based at least in part on one or more display capabilities of the mobile device, and one or more tagged regions within one or more of the images. The computing device sends to the mobile device one or more of the images as adjusted.
External device interface abstraction
Implementations of the present disclosure include methods, systems, and computer-readable storage mediums for executing a user interface on a computing device, generating one or more event handlers executed on the computing device, each event handler corresponding to a local device service file, receiving first data at a first event handler of a first local device service associated with a first device that is in electronic communication with the computing device, generating, using the first event handler, a first event that includes the first data, receiving, at an external device service, the first event, generating, using the external device service, a first external device event based on the first event, and performing a first action based on the external device event.
System and method of message routing using name-based identifier in a distributed computing environment
A system and method of routing messages in a distributed computing environment is provided. The method includes providing a platform server, a set of intermediary servers, and a set of edge servers, collectively defining a network. The method includes binding, at the platform server, at a first instance, the end-point device to the platform server wherein the platform server binds, at the first instance, the end-point device using a non-addressable name value associated to the end-point device. The binding associates a first path across the network. The method includes communicating a first message to the end-point device along the first path. Method includes rebinding, at the platform server, at a second instance, the end-point device to the platform server, where the rebinding uses the non-addressable name value and associates a second path across the network. The method includes communicating a second message to the end-point device along the second path.
Constructing an integrated road network
Information about different road networks is retrieved from different sources. Applicable rules and parameter values for constructing an integrated road network are determined for each road network. Roads are first extended at their endpoints. Intersection points among the extended roads are detected. Roads are then divided into road segments at the detected intersection points, and shorted by removing road segments extended beyond intersection points. To process a large scale of road information, extended roads are divided into road segments and distributed to reducers based on their geographic locations for the reducers to detect intersection points among the received road segments. The resulting road segments are then distributed to reducers based on the roads they belong to for the reducers to first reassemble the road segments, then divide the reassembled roads at the detected intersection points, and finally remove road segments extended beyond intersection points.
Method and apparatus for automatically determining communities of interest, for use over an ad-hoc mesh network, based on context information
An approach is provided for methods and apparatus for efficiently and effectively determining communities of interest for a user, for use over an ad-hoc mesh network, based on context information associated with user devices. Context information of a device is accessed. The context information is processed to determine one or more themes associated with the context information. One or more communities of interest relating to the one or more themes are determined, the one or more communities of interest having respective community identifiers corresponding therewith. The device is associated with at least one of the communities of interest relating to the one or more themes, based at least in part on the corresponding community identifiers, for accessing awareness information related to one or more of the communities of interest associated with the device. Further, the availability of at least one of the communities of interest associated with the device can be identified via the ad-hoc mesh network, based at least in part on the corresponding community identifiers, and awareness information can be accessed, based at least in part on the availability of the at least one of the communities of interest associated with the device.
Allocation of crowdsourced resources
A computer-implemented platform may comprise hardware and software configured to allocate crowdsourced resources. An aggregate effort of a plurality of users may be efficiently directed toward a task by allocating resources according to an aggregate distribution of input from the users. The magnitude of the aggregate input of users may be manifest graphically, in a manner that emphasizes information having high priority. A map may include a representation of network comprising a plurality of nodes connected by connections. A node may include a problem and/or a solution, and a connection may describe a relationship between at least two nodes. Aggregate input may be used to revise the map, and analysis of the revised map may yield a resource allocation that directs users toward higher value effort.
Peer-to-peer communication to increase download throughput
Certain embodiments relate to use of aggressive peering requests, which enable a peer computing device to obtain desired digital content more quickly than typically possible in a P2P network. In certain embodiments, an aggressive peering request comprises a request that another peer computing device, to which the aggressive peering request is sent, dedicates substantially all of, or a disproportionately large amount of, its P2P resources to servicing a specific peer computing device. Other embodiments relate to identifying, based on accessed information, peer computing devices that are predicted to be available as an uninterrupted seed, and thus, can be used to increase download throughput in a P2P network.
Information management method and device
The current invention discloses methods and devices that may be used to maintain continued synchronization during a P2P session when a synchronizing terminal withdraws from synchronizing the operations of one or more participating terminals. A server may temporarily replace the synchronizing terminal and request operating status information from the participating terminals. After calculating data differences between the participating terminals using the operating status information, the server may transmit the data differences to the participating terminals so that each participating terminal is configured to synchronize itself with the other participating terminals. A new synchronizing terminal is selected from the participating terminals so that the new synchronizing terminal is configured to synchronize the operations of the remaining participating terminals. The current invention prevents termination of network applications due to the withdrawal of the synchronizing terminal, maintaining synchronization and improving the quality of the network applications.
Enhanced content continuation system and method
A content delivery system and method for use with plurality of digital multimedia data processing systems and legacy systems spanning across one or more network environments. The system and method enable users with freedom of mobility while maintaining access to the user's selected content while the user transitions from one device in one location to a different device in a difference location, substantially without interruption and without the need for user action to turn on and off these target data processing systems. The Instant Invention can provide high bandwidth content delivery solutions based upon hardware and software components by activating a target device while the system is proximate to the target device and, in one embodiment, automatically redirecting the content while the system is proximate to a new target device without user intervention. The target devices include digital multimedia data processing systems and legacy systems including, but not limited to, HDTVs, TV, Personal Computers, digital music systems, printers, radios, and fax machines.
Request-response operation for asynchronous messaging
Disclosed are methods, systems, and computer programs for facilitating communication between a client application and a server application. A client application initiates an asynchronous communication with the server application by sending a request via a communication manager. The communication manager sends the request synchronously to the server application. Responsive to the communication manager not having received a final response from the server application, the communication manager responds to the client application that the sending the request was unsuccessful. Responsive to the communication manager having received a final response from the server application, the communication manager retains the response from the server application and responds to the client application that the sending a request was successful. The client application requests a final response from the communication manager and the communication manager provides the previously retained response.
Transmitting packet from device after timeout in network communications utilizing virtual network connection
A method of providing network communications includes spawning a virtual machine that virtualizes network capabilities of the device such that a virtual network connection is provided; using the virtual network connection, transmitting a packet to a first node using a first routing protocol for communication to a destination device; setting a timer, the timer having a value corresponding to an amount of time greater than an average response time of the destination device; and, upon expiration of the timer, transmitting the packet to a second node using a second routing protocol for communication to the destination device.
System and method of injecting states into message routing in a distributed computing environment
A system and method of operating resources within a distributed computing environment. The resources include a platform server and intermediate servers where each of the intermediate servers connects and maintains a persistent connection to the platform server a number of edge servers. The method includes injecting state identifier information into service requests from a given edge server to the intermediate server and transmitting the service request to the platform server. The method includes receiving a response message from the platform server where the message includes the state identifier. The method includes using the state identifier to route the message to the given edge server.
Utilization of target browsers
A method and system for utilizing target browsers. A web page received from a server includes a client program. The client program is executed, which includes: (i) receiving a selection of at least one target browser by a user at a user interface at a first terminal, wherein the user interface displays two or more target browsers for each group of target browsers of two or more groups of target browsers from which the user has selected the at least one target browser; (ii) generating a message that includes the selected at least one target browser; and (iii) sending the message to the server.
Information processing apparatus using transmission history, control method therefor, and storage medium storing control program therefor
An information processing apparatus that enables a user to transmit data to a desired destination even when the address was updated. A transmission unit transmits image data inputted into an address set. A history storage unit stores a transmission history of the image data transmitted. The transmission history includes an address and an address identifier for identifying the address stored in the address storage unit. A determination unit determines whether the address identified by the address identifier was updated after the transmission date recorded, when a user directs the transmission of image data using the transmission history. A control unit enables the selection of an address to which the image data is transmitted from among the addresses recorded in the transmission history and an updated address identified by the address identifier, when the address identified by the address identifier was updated after the transmission date recorded.
Apparatus and methods of delivering music and information
The invention comprises music and information delivery systems and methods. One system comprises a portable communication device configured to receive a piece of music from an audio source and transmit the piece of music via a first communication medium to a host computer. The host computer is configured to receive the piece of music from the portable communication device and search a storage medium to identify and access the piece of music from the storage medium. The host computer is configured to transmit the piece of music via a second communication medium to one or more reception units that are configured to receive the piece of music from the host computer via the second communication medium.
Single network abstraction layer unit packets with decoding order number for video coding
A method for processing video data in a real-time transport protocol (RTP) payload includes encapsulating video data in a single network abstraction layer (NAL) unit packet for an RTP session. The single NAL unit packet contains a single NAL unit. The method may also include encapsulating decoding order number information in the single NAL unit packet based on at least one of: the RTP session being in a multi-stream transmission (MST) mode, or a maximum number of NAL units that may precede the NAL unit in a de-packetization buffer in reception order and follow the NAL unit in decoding order being greater than 0.
Systems and methods for making common services available across network endpoints
Systems and methods are disclosed for providing access to common services in a communication session. According to certain embodiments, a request to initiate a communication session is received. The communication can include a plurality of endpoints. An inventory of available services can be determined for each of the plurality of endpoints. At least one service that is commonly available to at least a subset of endpoints can be identified from the inventories of available services. Access can be provided to the at least one common service to the subset of endpoints during the communication session.
Method and apparatus for inter-device transfer (handoff) between IMS and generic IP clients
A method of Inter-User Equipment (UE) Transfer (IUT) for use in a Home enhanced-Node B (H(e)NB), the method comprising receiving a transfer command from a first IMS capable WTRU via IMS signaling, translating the transfer command to a non-IMS based message, and transmitting the translated non-IMS based message to a Service Centralization and Continuity Application Server (SCC AS).
Connecting a PBX to an IMS-network
A border gateway (2) and a SIP Application Server (8) in an IMS network (3), which both are configured to connect a private branch exchange (1) to the IMS network using the SIP Connect. The connecting comprises the border gateway detecting, based on an address contained in a received SIP register message, that the SIP register message is received from a private branch exchange. Then, the border gateway forwards the received message to the SIP Application Server as a SIP connect-message from a private branch exchange, and the SIP Application server stores a binding server between an IP address of the private branch exchange and the received address associated with the private branch exchange, e.g. by dynamically updating an eDNS (6).
Multi-session web acceleration
A method for speeding up data downloads across the Internet utilizing a proxy server to receive client requests for downloading remote data files and then establishing multiple concurrent sessions from the proxy server which balance the download of the remote data in multiple segments across two or more available wide-area network (WAN) links.
Gateway apparatus and method and communication system
A gateway apparatus receives a call control signal and/or a packet with voice data stored therein in a predetermined protocol from a packet transfer apparatus on a mobile high-speed network and converts the received protocol into a circuit-switched protocol used when an RNC connects to a circuit switching equipment on a mobile circuit-switched network, for output to the circuit switching equipment The gateway apparatus, on receipt of a call process signal and/or a voice signal, from the circuit switching equipment, converts the received protocol for output to the packet transfer apparatus.
Intelligent feedback loop to iteratively reduce incoming network data for analysis
A method, apparatus and system related to an intelligent feedback loop to iteratively reduce target packet analysis is disclosed. According to one embodiment, a method of a network traffic monitoring system includes processing a flow data received through an aggregation switch of a network traffic monitoring system in a first stage module of the network traffic monitoring system, filtering the flow data to a target data based on a packet classification in the first stage module, determining that a portion of a target data is an extraneous data based on a content filtering algorithm applied in a data processing system of the network traffic monitoring system, and iteratively removing from the target data the extraneous data based on a feedback loop created between the data processing system and the first stage module of the network traffic monitoring system.
Method and apparatus for detecting malicious software transmission through a web portal
A method and apparatus for detecting malware transmission through a web portal is provided. In one embodiment, a method for detecting malicious software transmission through the web portal comprises accessing a security scan history that comprises information regarding a plurality of executables that are scanned upon executable creation and comparing current executable creation activity with the security scan history to identify at least one executable that is not scanned.
Computer system for distributed discovery of vulnerabilities in applications
In one aspect, the disclosure provides: A method comprising: inviting a distributed plurality of researchers to participate in one or more computer vulnerability research projects directed to identifying computer vulnerabilities of one or more networks and/or computers that are owned or operated by a third party; assessing reputation and skills of one or more of the researchers, and accepting a subset of the researchers who have a positive reputation and sufficient skills to perform the investigations of the computer vulnerabilities; assigning a particular computer vulnerability research project, relating to a particular network under test, to a particular researcher from among the subset of the researchers; using a computer that is logically interposed between the particular researcher and the particular network under test, monitoring communications between the particular researcher and the particular network under test, wherein the communications relate to attempting to identify a candidate security vulnerability of the particular network under test; validating a report of the candidate security vulnerability of the particular network under test that is received from the particular researcher; determining and providing an award to the particular researcher in response to successfully validating the report of the candidate security vulnerability of the particular network under test that is received from the particular researcher.
Anti-vulnerability system, method, and computer program product
A system, method, and computer program product are provided for receiving actual vulnerability information from at least one first data storage that is generated utilizing potential vulnerability information from at least one second data storage. The actual vulnerability information is generated utilizing the potential vulnerability information. Further, the actual vulnerability information from the at least one first data storage is capable of identifying the plurality of actual vulnerabilities to which the plurality of networked computers are actually vulnerable. In use, an action may be caused to be automatically completed in connection with at least one of the networked devices.
Distribution of security rules among sensor computers
Systems and methods for generating rules in a networking environment having one or more sensor computers logically connected to compromised computers are provided. The rules comprise detection data used by a sensor computer to detect a potential security threat and a specified remediation measure that is caused to be performed when the security threat is detected. A security control computer generates the rules from record of series of actions created by the sensor computer, generates a rule, and distributes the rule to the sensor computers. The sensor computers periodically poll a central database for new rules and store a copy of each rule locally. Using the locally stored rules, the sensor computers can more efficiently and accurately respond to security threats.
Countering service enumeration through optimistic response
Techniques for improving computer system security by detecting and responding to attacks on computer systems are described herein. A computer system monitors communications requests from external systems and, as a result of detecting one or more attacks on the computer system, the computer system responds to the attacks by modifying the behavior of the computer system. The behavior of the computer system is modified so that responses to communications requests to ports on the computer system are altered, presenting the attacker with an altered representation of the computer system and thereby delaying or frustrating the attack and the attacker.
Transmission network system, transmission method, and authentication information device
A transmission network system includes a network terminating device connected to a user terminal and an authentication information device connected to the network terminating device through a transmission network. The transmission network is connected to a reference clock that holds a reference time. The network terminating device includes a terminating internal clock that synchronizes with the reference clock, when receiving a first frame from the user terminal, generates a second frame including a time outputted from the terminating internal clock as a request time on the basis of the first frame, and transmits the second frame to the authentication information device. The authentication information device generates time authentication information based on the request time included in the received second frame, generates a third frame including the generated time authentication information, and transmits the third frame to the transmission network.
Recovery from rolling security token loss
An aspect of recovery from rolling security token loss includes storing, in a memory device accessible by a server computer, a token pair (B) transmitted to a client device. The token pair (B) includes an access token (a2) and a refresh token (r2) and is generated as part of a refresh operation. An aspect also includes storing, in the memory device, a refresh token (r1) that was generated by the server computer before generation of the token pair B. The refresh token (r1) and the refresh token (r2) are each tagged as a valid refresh token. An aspect further includes receiving, at the server computer, a request to access a network resource that includes the access token (a2), invalidating the refresh token (r1), and providing the client device with access to the network resource.
Template representation of security resources
Systems and methods are described for enabling users to model security resources and user access keys as resources in a template language. The template can be used to create and update a stack of resources that will provide a network-accessible service. The security resources and access keys can be referred to in the template during both stack creation process and the stack update process. The security resources can include users, groups and policies. Additionally, users can refer to access keys in the template as dynamic parameters without any need to refer to the access keys in plaintext. The system securely stores access keys within the system and allows for templates to refer to them once defined. These key references can then be passed within a template to resources that need them as well as passing them on securely to resources like server instances through the use of the user-data field.
Method and system for managing a flood of data-connection requests
A gateway may respond to a data-connection request, relating to a request to establish a packet data connection for a requesting wireless communication device (WCD), based on a request rate determined from the number of other data-connection requests that the gateway has received during a particular period of time. If the request rate is below a first threshold, the gateway may initiate an authentication process to authenticate the requesting WCD and either accept or reject the data-connection request based on whether the authentication process is successful or unsuccessful. If the request rate is greater than the first threshold and less than a second threshold, the gateway may accept the data-connection request without initiating the authentication process. If the request rate is greater than the second threshold, the gateway may reject the data-connection request without initiating the authentication process.
Emergency server access for offline users
A method and system for emergency server access to offline users may include one or more computing devices receiving a request for offline access of data. The request for offline access of data may contain information to identify the offline user and specific data. An action to provide the specific data may be determined responsive to the identification of the offline user. The action may be executed responsive to the determination. The specific data may be transmitted.
Secure method of processing data
The invention relates to a secure method of processing data in which method is implemented the evaluation of a function that may be written as a linear combination of sub-functions with two binary inputs, in which a client and a server each possess a binary code, comprising n indexed bits, the method comprising the evaluation of the function with the binary codes of the client and of the server as inputs, without one of the client or the server obtaining information about the code of the other, the method being characterized in that it comprises the following steps: —the server randomly generates n indexed values and calculates the linear combination of these values with the same linear combination as that applied to the sub-functions to obtain the function, —the client implements, for each bit of his binary code, a technique of unconscious transfer to obtain from the server an intermediate data item comprising the randomly generated value of same index as the bit of the code of the client, increased by the value of the corresponding sub-function evaluated at the bit of same index of the code of the server and at said bit of his binary code, and —the client performs a linear combination of the intermediate data for all the bits of his binary code, with the same linear combination as that applied to the sub-functions to obtain the function, in such a way as to obtain a final result comprising the linear combination of the randomly generated values, increased by the evaluation of the function at the two binary codes.
Bifurcated authentication token techniques
Bifurcated authentication token techniques are described in which sign-on credentials are separated from corresponding privilege data for resources. During client authentication, a determination is made regarding whether a service provider is configured to support bifurcated authentication token techniques. If the techniques are supported, a lightweight token is issued to the client and corresponding privilege data is stored separately from the token in a centralized authentication database. If a service provider does not support bifurcated authentication token techniques, a traditional, combined authentication token that includes privilege data is issued to the client. The lightweight token contains identity information and a reference to the privilege data, but does not contain the actual privilege data. Therefore, the lightweight cookie token alone is not sufficient to gain access to corresponding resources. Moreover, privileges associated with a lightweight token may be revoked or altered without having to change or invalidate the lightweight token itself.
System and a method for validating an identification token
An Identification Device for providing validation information. The Identification Device includes a Token and a Validator. The display is adapted to display, during an Operational Phase, a first security code, referred to as the Indicator-of-Clearance (IoC) code, indicating the Clearance Status of the Token, whereby the first security code is generated by an Indicator-of-Clearance Function, such as a digital signature or hash function, programmed on the processor unit based on the Clearance Status and the Validator Clock.
Authentication of an end user
A method and system for authenticating an end user. A selected subset of root nodes of a set of root nodes in a server mask is received, the selected subset of root nodes having been selected by the end user. In response to the receiving of the selected subset of root nodes, the end user is authenticated by determining that a spatial location in the server mask of each root node of the selected subset of root nodes matches a spatial position of a corresponding root node of a server set of transparent root nodes in the server mask, wherein the server set of transparent root nodes are a result of a first random selection of root nodes from the set of root nodes in the server mask.
Delegation of authorizations from one device to another device is contemplated. The contemplated capabilities may enable an authenticated device to confer access tokens or other authoritative permissions to a non-authenticated or unsecured device, such as to enable the delegated device to access user content without the user having to enter a username and password or other identifying credentials thereto.
Device, information processing terminal, information processing system, display control method, and recording medium
A device includes an operation unit; a first processing unit sending a display request; a detection unit detecting a change of an authentication state of a user; a first communication unit receiving the display request, designating identification information identifying the configuration element, and transmitting the display request or transmitting notification information indicating the change of the authentication state to the operation unit. Further, the operation unit includes a second communication unit receiving the display request or the notification information, and a second processing unit displaying the configuration element in a form that is different from a form designated in the display request received by the first communication unit, or changing a display manner of the configuration element in accordance with the notification information.
Location service for user authentication
A method and apparatus for location authentication of the user are disclosed. In the method and apparatus, the location of the user is authenticated if one or more conditions for geographic proximity associated with two or more devices of the user are satisfied. Upon the location of the user being authenticated, the user may be granted access to a service.
Methods and apparatus for network communications via a transparent security proxy
A data security device for providing a network transport connection via a transparent network proxy that employs different encryption security mediums along a communications session between two endpoints by emulating one of the endpoints at an intermediate node such that the communication session appears as an atomic, secure connection to the endpoints yet provides appropriate security over the end-to-end connection. A sender node sends a connection request to establish a secure communication session with an intended receiver node. A transparent proxy on an intermediate node receives the request and establishes the link employing an encryption mechanism. The transparent proxy establishes a second link with the intended receiver, and applies a second, less expensive encryption mechanism. The transparent proxy combines the two links to form the trusted, secure connection but incurring only the mitigated expense over the second link.
System and method for encrypting traffic on a network
According to embodiments of the present invention a system and method for encrypting traffic on a network is disclosed. Encrypted data is transmitted between a first network element and a second network element by: acquiring an encryption seed at the first network element, the encryption seed being substantially similar to a decryption seed at the second network element; generating at least one encryption key from the encryption seed; receiving data; encrypting the data using the encryption key to generate encrypted data; transmitting the encrypted data from the first network element to the second network element via a network; and updating the encryption seed at the first network element in response to an event trigger.
Packet analysis apparatus and method and virtual private network server
A packet analysis apparatus and method and a VPN server, which secure evidence against a situation in which a hacker disguises a packet as a normal packet to make an attack using a VPN server as a router. The packet analysis apparatus includes a packet classification unit for gathering and classifying packets which are used between a host and the VPN server and plaintext packets which are used between the VPN server and a target. A first comparative analysis unit compares contents of an encapsulated IP datagram of each encrypted VPN packet, obtained by decrypting the encrypted VPN packet, with contents of a plaintext IP datagram included in each plaintext packet and present for a target to which the host desires to transfer the encrypted VPN packet. A second comparative analysis unit compares lengths of the encapsulated IP datagram and the plaintext IP datagram with each other.
Synchronizing a routing-plane and crypto-plane for routers in virtual private networks
Techniques are presented herein for optimizing secure communications in a network. A router in a virtual private network determines whether or not it has successfully registered with a key server that provides cryptographic keys for routers in the virtual private network. The router stores state information that is indicative of whether or not the router has successfully registered with the key server.
System and method for detecting a compromised computing system
A digital security threat management system is disclosed. The system detects the presence of a computing system, on a network, that has been compromised by an undetected and/or unknown digital security threat. The digital security threat management system recognizes characteristic emanations from a computer system that has been compromised. Because the characteristic emanations that result from a known threat can be the same as the characteristic emanations that result from an undetected and/or unknown threat, the digital security threat management system can learn to detect a computing system that has been compromised by an unknown threat if the security threat management system recognizes characteristic emanations from a previous attack, based on a known threat, of the computing system. In this way, the system can detect the presence of a compromised computing system, even if the cause of the compromise remains undetected and/or unknown. Appropriate remedial action may be taken upon detection.
Network traffic data scrubbing with services offered via anycasted addresses
Novel tools and techniques for filtering network traffic in an anycasting environment includes receiving network traffic addressed to a plurality of anycasted servers at an edge router, the plurality of anycasted servers comprising one or more anycasted servers. The network traffic is received from the edge server at least one data scrubbing appliance. The at least one data scrubbing appliance filters out undesirable traffic from the network traffic. The at least one data scrubbing appliance “on-ramps” the filtered network traffic to the plurality of anycasted servers. The filtered network traffic is transmitted to the plurality of anycasted servers in a load balanced manner.
Methods and systems for providing a token-based application firewall correlation
Token-based firewall functionality. A request is received for access to a resource from a remote user device, the request received by an application firewall. A token is associated with the request. The token and associated information are stored in an event correlator coupled with the application firewall. The token is associated with one or more subsequent actions by the resource in response to receiving the request. A response to the request including the token is generated. The response with the token is transmitted to the remote user device via the application firewall. The application firewall analyzes the response and determines an action to be taken on the response based on the token and the associated information.
Watermark generator, watermark decoder, method for providing a watermark signal in dependence on binary message data, method for providing binary message data in dependence on a watermarked signal and computer program using a differential encoding
A watermark generator for providing a watermark signal in dependence on binary message data includes an information processor configured to provide, in dependence on information units of the binary message data, a first time-frequency domain representation, values of which represent the binary message data. The watermark generator also includes a differential encoder configured to derive a second time-frequency domain representation from the first time-frequency-domain representation, such that the second time-frequency-domain representation includes a plurality of values, wherein a difference between two values of the second time-frequency-domain representation represents a corresponding value of the first time-frequency-domain representation, in order to obtain a differential encoding of the values of the first time-frequency-domain representation. The watermark generator also includes a watermark signal provider configured to provide the watermark signal on the basis of the second time-frequency-domain representation.
Providing network addresses for network nodes
Methods, systems, and apparatus for providing network addresses are disclosed. In one aspect, a network element device in a telecommunication network includes a chassis coupled with a passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) device and a network line module coupled to the chassis. The passive RFID device stores a network node identifier that is used to communicate with a second network element device communicatively coupled with the network element device. The network line module includes a RFID reader that is configured to obtain the network node identifier from the passive RFID device when the network line module is initialized.
Handling NAT in logical L3 routing
A non-transitory machine readable medium storing a program that configures first and second managed forwarding elements to perform logical L2 switching and L3 routing is described. The program generates a first set of flow entries for configuring the first managed forwarding element to perform (1) a first logical L2 processing for a first logical L2 domain, (2) a logical L3 processing, (3) a network address translation (NAT) processing on packets to be sent to the second managed forwarding element, and (4) a logical ingress L2 processing for a second logical L2 domain on the packets. The program generates a second set of flow entries for configuring the second managed forwarding element to perform a logical egress L2 processing for the second logical L2 domain on the packets.
Packet network routing
A line card for use in a router or packet switch is disclosed. A problem with conventional routers or packet switches is that they can take over a second to fully react to a network state update from another router or packet switch. Such network state packets are used in dynamic routing protocols intended to route packets around a failed or overloaded router. In operating in according with dynamic routing protocols, conventional routers or packet switches react to such network state packets by updating the routing tables used by the line cards to send packets, or data extracted from packets, to the egress port (often on a different line card in the router or network switch) appropriate for the destination address found in the packet. Any packets which arrive between the network state packet's arrival and the completion of the ensuing routing table update on the line cards, can be misrouted—which can cause them to be delayed or dropped by the network. The described embodiments address this problem by operating the line card to react to a network state update packet by running a restricted routing algorithm to provide interim routes while a conventional comprehensive routing algorithm runs in parallel to provide a comprehensive set of routes. In this way, a faster, if less thorough, reaction to the arrival of a network state update packet is provided, which reduces the risk of packets being misrouted while the network converges. The technique has application to any packet networks, but is especially useful in Internet Protocol packet networks or Multi-Protocol Label Switching networks.
System and method for distributed management of cloud resources in a hosting environment
Some embodiments provide a method of managing cloud resources on several of nodes of a hosting system. The method receives a cloud resource configuration. The method identifies a particular node from the several nodes to host the cloud resource configuration. The method sets an administrative state of the hosting system to reflect the hosting of the cloud resource configuration on the particular node. The administrative state includes information for each node in the hosting system. Each node includes a performer operating on the node that manages an operational state of the node based on the administrative state of the node.
Sequence number retrieval for voice data with redundancy
A sequence number is used to indicate where a payload of a voice data packet should fit in a data stream and a technique is described for retrieving the sequence number for redundant payloads. A receiver maintains a history of previously received timestamps and sequence numbers for previous payloads. A received packet is unpacked to obtain a primary payload and its associated sequence number and timestamp, and a redundant payload and its associated timestamp offset. The primary payload sequence number and timestamp are stored in the history. A time-span of the data stream covered by the packet is found using the timestamp offset, and a portion of the history selected based on the time-span. A timestamp parameter for the redundant payload is calculated using the primary payload timestamp and the timestamp offset, and is compared to timestamps in the selected portion of the history to derive the redundant payload sequence number. The history is updated to include the timestamp parameter and sequence number of the redundant payload.
Apparatus and method for controlling traffic
An apparatus and a method for controlling traffic are disclosed. The apparatus for controlling traffic in accordance with the present invention includes: a communication unit configured to receive packets corresponding to a terminal; a service checking unit configured to check for a service corresponding to the packets by analyzing the packets; a terminal checking unit configured to analyze the packets and check a type of the terminal; a policy information storage unit configured to store policy information according to at least one of the service and the type of the terminal; and a traffic control unit configured to adjust a transmission rate of the packets corresponding to the service according to the policy information.
Hierarchical rate color marker
One embodiment provides a system that facilitates bandwidth-profile enforcement. During operation, the system indicates a packet's compliance with a bandwidth profile based at least on available high-compliance tokens and medium-compliance tokens. The system further converts, within different classes of service (CoSs), an overflow high-compliance token to a medium-compliance token, in a top-down or bottom-up fashion with respect to different CoS priorities.
Systems and methods for IP sharing across wide area networks
Computer connectivity is dependent on network availability. When networks are offline, relocating systems and data to an available network is an inefficient, time consuming, and error prone process. A system and method is disclosed for instant IP sharing and relocation between geographical locations by combining BGP announcement in one or multiple locations and applying stateless NAT to the IP traffic. Thereby, IP traffic is redirected to the desired location and delivered to the final device using the shared/relocated IP address. This system and method allows a single IP address to actively respond to network requests from numerous locations which can be spread around the globe.
System and method for transmitting data in a network
A system and method for transmitting data in a network includes the steps of determining a traffic congestion variable of a data transmission node arranged to receive data from one or more source nodes of the network; using the traffic congestion variable to select a preferred transmission mode for use by the one or more source nodes to transmit data to the data transmission node; and switching an operating transmission mode of each of the one or more source nodes to the preferred transmission mode such that the one of more source nodes transmit data to the data transmission node with the preferred transmission mode, wherein the one or more source nodes are arranged to transmit data in only one operating transmission mode.
FIFO affinity for multiple ports
A mechanism is provided in a data processing system for shared buffer affinity for multiple ports. The mechanism configures a physical first-in-first-out (FIFO) buffer with a plurality of FIFO segments associated with a plurality of network ports. The plurality of network ports share the physical FIFO buffer. The mechanism identifies a FIFO segment under stress within the plurality of FIFO segments. The mechanism reconfigures the physical FIFO buffer to assign a portion of buffer space from a FIFO segment not under stress within the plurality of FIFO segments to the FIFO segment under stress.
Encapsulating data packets using an adaptive tunnelling protocol
Some embodiments of the invention provide a novel method of tunneling data packets. The method establishes a tunnel between a first forwarding element and a second forwarding element. For each data packet directed to the second forwarding element from the first forwarding element, the method encapsulates the data packet with a header that includes a tunnel option. The method then sends the data packet from the first forwarding element to the second forwarding element through the established tunnel. In some embodiments, the data packet is encapsulated using a protocol that is adapted to change with different control plane implementations and the implementations' varying needs for metadata.
Ring topology storage system, storage device in ring topology storage network and method for handling multicast command packets in ring topology
A method of handling multicast command packets in a ring topology includes transmitting a multicast indication packet indicating that at least one command packet following the multicast indication packet is intended for at least two of a plurality of storage devices connected in the ring topology, determining whether the at least one command packet following the multicast indication packet is intended for each storage device from among the plurality of storage devices based on the multicast indication packet, and operating at least one storage device from among the plurality of storage devices that the at least one command packet is not intended for in a packet bypass mode until the at least one command packet has been processed by the at least two storage devices that the at least one command packet is intended for.
Secure and lightweight traffic forwarding systems and methods to cloud based network security systems
A method implemented by an agent operating on a mobile device communicating to a cloud-based system includes opening up local listening sockets on the mobile device; redirecting outgoing traffic from all application on the mobile device except the agent to the local listening sockets; and forwarding the outgoing traffic from the local listening sockets to the cloud-based system with additional information included therein for the cloud-based system.
Methods and systems for routing selection based on routing distance and capacity
A system, computer-readable storage medium storing at least one program, and computer-implemented method for route selection based on payload delivery capacity and routing distance are described. Network demand information is obtained. The network demand information may include a network graph and information related to an outbound demand of each node of the network graph. A simplified demand graph based on the outbound demand of each node and a distance between each node pair is generated. A plurality of return routes for the simplified network graph is generated and a payload delivery capacity of each of the routes is calculated. An advised return route from the plurality of return routes is generated based in part on the payload delivery capacities of the plurality of return routes.
Constructing a topology-transparent zone
A network node used to construct a topology-transparent zone (TTZ). The network node may obtain a TTZ identifier (ID) that is uniquely associated with a TTZ. Additionally, the network node may obtain a first link that couples the network node to a second network node that is also assigned the TTZ ID and a second link that couples the network node to a third network node that is not assigned the TTZ ID. The network node may generate a router information (RI) link-state advertisement (LSA) that indicates whether the network node is a TTZ edge node or a TTZ internal node and that indicates the TTZ associated with the TTZ. The network node may distribute the RI LSA to the second network node that is also assigned the TTZ ID using the first link.
System and method for detecting spammers in a network environment
A method is provided in one example embodiment and includes processing a first text created by a user into a first bag of words, the first bag of words comprising a list of words that appear in the text, each of the words having associated therewith a number representing a number of times the associated word appears in the text; and computing a similarity between the first bag of words and at least one second bag of words. The method further comprises comparing the computed similarity with a threshold; and_determining that the user is a spammer if the computed similarity bears a first relationship with the threshold.
Systems and methods for monitoring data and bandwidth usage
Access to a communications network may be provided via a data provider that may charge for access. In some cases, the access fee may be related to the amount of network resources consumed (e.g., amount of data downloaded or bandwidth used). In some cases, a user may have access to a particular amount of data provider resources and be required to pay an additional fee for using resources in excess of the particular amount. To assist the user in managing his data resource consumption, a resource utilization component may provide different alerts and notices informing the user of current consumption, expected future consumption, and recommendations for reducing data provider resources consumed (e.g., stopping particular processes or data provider requests, such as downloading media). If several electronic devices in a network are connected to the same data provider resources, a network component may manage the data provider resource use among the several electronic devices (e.g., allow only particular users or devices access).
Dynamic optimization of command issuance in a computing cluster
Embodiments of the present invention provide a method, system and computer program product for dynamic optimization of command sequencing in a computing cluster. In an embodiment of the invention, a method for dynamic optimization of command sequencing in a computing cluster can include selecting a set of nodes in the computing cluster to receive a single command and probing the nodes of the set to compute a computer communications latency for each of the nodes. Thereafter, the single command can be transmitted to the nodes in the set according to a sequence determined by the computed computer communications latency for each of the nodes.
Dynamic remote packet capture
A device may be configured to receive information regarding one or more ports associated with a routing device; output, to the routing device, filter information associated with at least a particular port, of the one or more ports associated with the routing device, the filter information specifying one or more conditions associated with traffic of interest; receive, from the routing device, and based on the outputted filter information, information regarding traffic of interest received or sent by the routing device via the particular port, the traffic of interest being less than or equal to all traffic received or sent by the routing device via the particular port; and store or output a representation of at least a portion of the received information regarding the traffic of interest.
Automated service time estimation method for IT system resources
Embodiments provide a method for upgrading resources in a system including normalizing a collected dataset, scattering data from the normalized dataset, obtaining a plurality of clusters based on the scattered data, discarding one or more clusters from the plurality of clusters with less than a percentage of a total number of observations, in each cluster, performing clusterwise regression and obtaining linear sub-clusters in a defined number, reducing one or more sub-clusters including applying a refinement procedure, removing one or more sub-clusters that fit to outliers and merging pairs of clusters that fit an equivalent model, updating one or more clusters with the reduced sub-clusters, removing one or more globular clusters, reducing a number of clusters with the refinement procedure, and de-normalizing one or more results.
Communication management apparatus, communication node, and communication system, and data communication method
The communication management apparatus includes a network-presence-check processing unit that performs network presence check processing for generating network presence information, a token-circulation-order determining unit that determines token circulation order using the network presence information, a setup processing unit that notifies each of communication nodes in the network of token circulation destination information, a token-frame processing unit that, after transmission of a data frame by a data-frame-communication processing unit, transmits, based on the token circulation order, a token frame including information concerning a transmission right acquiring apparatus that acquires a transmission right next and determines whether the transmission right acquiring apparatus of the transmission right acquiring apparatus information of the received token frame is the own apparatus, and the data-frame-communication processing unit that performs transmission and reception processing for a data frame for acquiring the transmission right.
Service consumption based on gamification level classification
Methods and systems of enabling service consumption based on gamification level classification are described. A request to use a first service of a service provider may be received from a user. A usage measure for the user and a first usage measure requirement for the first service of the service provider may be determined. The usage measure may be a measure of how much the user has used services of the service provider. It may be determined if the usage measure satisfies the first usage measure requirement. The user may be enabled to use the first service of the service provider in response to a determination that the usage measure satisfies the first usage measure requirement. The stored usage measure may be increased by a first amount in response to the user using the first service. The usage measure may be a level classification or a number of points.
Method for creating ring network label switched path, related device, and communications system
Embodiments of the present invention disclose a method for creating a ring network label switched path. The method includes: receiving, by a first node, a first Path message used for creating a first label switched path from a second node; allocating a first label to the first label switched path; sending a first Resv message carrying the first label to the second node; and when the first node receives a second Path message and determines that a destination node of the second label switched path is the same as that of the first label switched path, allocating the first label to the second label switched path; and sending a second Resv message carrying the first label to the second node. Solutions of the embodiments of the present invention helps reduce the number of created ring network label switched paths and maintenance complexity.
Estimation of network path and elements using geodata
A method of mapping a network path in which a geographic path of cables of a network between a geographic location of a network component and a geographic location of a terminal network element is estimated electronically using walking directions data from a geodata services provider. A geographically accurate street map is populated with the geographic location of the network component, the geographic location of the terminal network element, and the estimated geographic path. The map is capable of being displayed with the use of geospatial software. A signal processing electronic device for populating a display of an interactive graphical user interface with network path mapping information and a non-transitory computer readable storage medium having computer program instructions stored thereon that, when executed by a processor, cause the processor to perform the above referenced operations are also provided.
System and method for configuration management service
System and method for agentless computing system configuration management in networked environments. A configuration management service may be implemented as a service on a network with a standard network interface. A client may communicate with the service to specify a configuration for a target system, for example through a browser interface. The specified configuration may be stored by the service. The service may generate a package according to the specified configuration. The package may be delivered to the target system via the network. The package may then install the configuration, for example, one or more software, data, or other digital components, on the target systems in accordance with the specified configuration. The clients may request that the service verify and/or update the installed configuration on the target system. The service may, in response, generate an update package for the installed configuration. Target systems may include computer systems and virtual machines.
Method and system for using virtual tunnel end-point registration and virtual network identifiers to manage virtual extensible local area network access
A method and system for securing a VXLAN environment, including configuring a default network policy, associated with interfaces of the network device, for dropping all VXLAN frames including a VXLAN attribute; obtaining, by the network device, registered VTEP identifiers; determining, using the registered VTEP identifiers, that an interface of the network device is operatively connected to a registered VTEP associated with a registered VTEP identifier; disassociating the default network policy from the interface based on the determination; receiving, at the interface, a frame; performing a first verification that the frame is a VXLAN frame by examining the frame to determine that the frame includes the VXLAN attribute; performing a second verification to determine that the VXLAN frame includes a registered VTEP identifier; allowing, based on the first verification and the second verification, the network device to process the VXLAN frame; and processing the VXLAN frame.
Method and apparatus for multi-instance control plane for dynamic MPLS-TP tunnel management via in-band communication channel (G-ACH)
A dynamic tunnel management and signaling control plane protocol message is encapsulated in a data plane protocol encapsulating packet and communicated through a data plane channel to a destination label switching node. The destination label switching node extracts information from the dynamic tunnel management and signaling control plane protocol message from the data plane protocol encapsulating packet in the data plane, and performs a dynamic tunnel management process based on the extracted information. Optionally, the data plane channel is a generic associated channel (G-ACH).
Communication monitor, prediction method, and recording medium
An importance degree prediction apparatus includes a path change determination unit that generates alarm path change information including path change information when a path is changed and an alarm developing when the path is changed in a network. The apparatus includes a reception unit that searches alarm path change information of a new alarm when the alarm is received from a development prediction apparatus, and a prediction unit that predicts a traffic amount in a post-change path based on a traffic amount in a pre-change path in the searched alarm path change information. The apparatus includes a calculation unit that calculates a criticality degree in the network based on a ratio of the predicted traffic amount in the post-change path that exceeds a predetermined allowable amount, and a determination unit that determines an alarm importance degree of the received alarm corresponding to an influence degree based on the criticality degree.
Network responding method performed by an image forming apparatus that has a normal mode and a standby mode
Provided is a responding apparatus that performs a network response in the standby mode and is not required much time for transitioning to the standby mode. The responding apparatus receives information request data from a network and transmits response data corresponding to the information request data to network, in the normal mode and standby mode. A normal mode response data making part makes response data in the normal mode. A recursive response request part recursively transmits information request data that requires information of other response data to the normal mode response data making part in the normal mode. An information storing part accumulates the information of the other response data corresponding to the information request data. A standby mode response data making part makes response data from information accumulated by information storing part in the standby mode.
User content access management and control
User content access management and control are described, including determining, based on a user-defined rule, that a triggering event has occurred, wherein the user-defined rule is associated with an account that belongs to the user, and the user-defined rule comprises an action to be performed based on a triggering event; and performing the action based on the triggering event, wherein the action affects access to the account.
Device state capture and analysis
In one embodiment, a method includes, by one or more server computing devices, receiving state data of a client computing device. The state data includes event data indicating events generated by or occurring at the client computing device and context data associated with the event data. The context data indicates device states of the client computing device that each coincide with one or more of the events and indicate a context of the one or more of the events. The method also includes, by one or more server computing devices, ordering the events and the device states in the event and context data into a state-data-review structure and analyzing the state-data-review structure to generate one or more recommendations on operation of the client computing device.
Method, system and apparatus for carrier frequency offset correction and channel estimation
A receiver is configured to use a first part of a received signal and a second part of the received signal to determine, respectively, a first estimate and a second estimate of the channel. The first and second parts carry information for decoding the received signal in a first protocol and in a second protocol, respectively. A final estimate of the channel is performed from the first and the second estimates. The final estimate is then used for decoding the data in the received signal according to one of the protocols. A carrier frequency offset from a set of symbols occurring prior to preamble symbols is determined and is corrected for decoding the preamble symbols. The corrected preamble symbols are then used for estimating the channel. In one embodiment, the carrier frequency offset is determined for the multiple antenna packet format used in the 802.11n standard.
Receiver for multi carrier modulated signals
A receiver for an MCM signal with pilot symbols, comprising a first phase adjustment unit for adjusting the phase of an MCM signal by means of the pilot symbols and to output a first phase adjusted MCM signal to an MCM re-modulator unit which demodulates and then modulates the first phase-adjusted MCM signal to create an MCM reference signal. The communications receiver also comprises a second phase adjustment unit which receives the first phase adjusted MCM signal and also the MCM reference signal. The second phase adjustment unit adjusts the phase of the first phase adjusted MCM signal by means of said MCM reference signal and outputs a second phase adjusted MCM signal to an output MCM demodulator which demodulates the second phase adjusted MCM signal and outputs the demodulated MCM signal.
Device for receiving interleaved communication signals
A signal decoder in a communication system is for decoding signal elements in a communication signal having interleaved carrier frequencies. The decoder receives antenna signals in a frequency domain, and has a multiplier for multiplying the antenna signals by a complex-valued mathematical sequence such as the Zadoff-Chu sequence, to generate multiplied antenna signals. An inverse frequency to time converter converts the multiplied antenna signals to time domain signals. A signal quality detector detects a signal quality from the time domain signals based on a subset of the carrier frequencies. The complex-valued mathematical sequence is provided with zero values corresponding to carrier frequencies that are not included in the subset, and the inverse frequency to time converter has a transform size corresponding to the multiplied antenna signals including all carrier frequencies.
Method and apparatus for automatically detecting a physical layer (PHY) mode of a data unit in a wireless local area network (WLAN)
In a method for generating a physical layer (PHY) data unit for transmission via a communication channel, the data unit is generated to include a first long training field when the data unit is to be transmitted in a normal mode. The data unit is generated to include a second long training field when the data unit is to be transmitted in a low bandwidth mode. The first training field and the second training field are configured such that a receiving device can auto-detect whether the data unit corresponds to the low bandwidth mode or the normal mode.
OFDM or OFDMA signaling for ranging and data
A communication device is operative to generate and orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) symbol that includes one or more data and ranging modulation symbols. The data and ranging modulation symbols may be included within different sub-carriers of the OFDM symbol. The OFDM symbol is used to generate an OFDM symbol pair in the frequency domain (FDOM). After conversion from the FDOM to the time domain (TDOM), the OFDM symbol pair may then undergoes post-processing in the TDOM before transmission. Such post-processing may include the addition of cyclic prefix (CP) and cyclic suffix (CS) to the OFDM symbol pair in the TDOM as well as filtering using a window function. The OFDM symbol may be generated as an orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) symbol, and two were more OFDM symbols or OFDMA symbols may be arranged in a frame.
Downlink assignment indicator design for multi-carrier wireless communication
Systems and methodologies are described herein that facilitate various techniques for enhanced downlink assignment index (DAI) signaling in a multi-carrier wireless communication system. As described herein, DAI and/or other indicator signaling transmitted on a first carrier can be configured to carry information relating to a number of downlink transmission assignments applied to at least a second carrier, which in some cases can be disparate from the first carrier. To these ends, described herein are techniques for cross-carrier DAI signaling, multiple DAI signaling, aggregate DAI signaling, and other similar techniques. As additionally described herein, DAI signaling can be related to downlink control transmissions and/or downlink data transmissions in connection with respective techniques that can be applied to the DAI signaling.
Method and apparatus for determining threshold for symbol detection
A method of determining a threshold for symbol detection, includes receiving a most previously input sample value and a result of detecting a most previous symbol, and determining the threshold for the symbol detection of a currently input sample value based on the most previously input sample value and the result of detecting the most previous symbol.
Communication method and device
The present invention relates to the field of communication and transmission of signals. In particular, the present invention relates to a new communication and/or modulation method. The present invention also relates to improving channel occupancy. The present specification discloses the adoption of phase transitions/changes in a manner that indicates a code by virtue of their position (timing) in the communication. This is referred to as Phase Position Modulation.
Method and apparatus for transmitting uplink control signaling and bearing uplink demodulation reference signal
The disclosure provides a method for transmitting uplink control signaling, which includes: respectively performing, on the uplink control signaling, channel coding, scrambling, modulation, time-domain spreading and precoding transform; or respectively performing, on the uplink control signaling, channel coding, scrambling, modulation, precoding transform and time-domain spreading; and mapping the uplink control signaling to an Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) symbol used for bearing the uplink control signaling; and transmitting the uplink control signaling that is borne in the OFDM symbol. The disclosure also provides a method for bearing a demodulation reference signal during transmission of uplink control signaling, which includes: bearing the uplink demodulation reference signal in k OFDM symbols in a sub-frame. The disclosure also discloses apparatuses for respectively implementing the methods above. The technical solutions of the disclosure effectively solve the problem that the uplink control signaling is transmitted using a structure of Discrete Fourier Transform-spread-OFDM (DFT-s-OFDM).
Differential signal transmission cable and cable with connector
A differential signal transmission cable includes: two signal conductors; an insulator for covering these signal conductors; and a shield tape wound around the insulator in longitudinal wrapping. In the differential signal transmission cable, both ends of the shield tape in a direction of the winding around the insulator have a first overlapping region and a second overlapping region which overlap each other, and the first overlapping region of the shield tape is covered with the second overlapping region. In a tangent line of two tangent lines of a first signal conductor which is orthogonal to a line passing through centers of the signal conductors, when the tangent line positioned at radially outside of the first signal conductor is set to be a first tangent line, an end of the first overlapping region is positioned at outside of the first tangent line.
Method of operating a receiver and a receiver
In one embodiment, the method includes determining, at a receiver, a total average received power over N resource elements and the L antennas, where N and L are integers greater than or equal to 1. The method further includes determining, at the receiver, a first bias in a first estimate of average received power for a received desired signal based on the determined total average received power; and generating, at the receiver, a first refined estimate of the average received power for the received desired signal based on the first estimate and the determined first bias.
Method and apparatus for reconstructing data
Embodiments of the present invention provide a method and an apparatus for reconstructing data. The method includes: acquiring a self-correlation function of a root raised cosine filter coefficient and a fading factor of each antenna of channel estimation; constructing an L-dimension matrix of the self-correlation function according to the antenna; processing a result of superposing the L-dimension matrix of the self-correlation function and the fading factor of each antenna to obtain an estimate value of an actual fading factor of the each antenna; and reconstructing received data according to the estimate value of the actual fading factor to obtain reconstructed data used for cancellation. In the embodiments of the present invention, a process of performing interference cancellation for data reconstruction is closer to an actual sending process and closer to an originally sent signal, thereby improving cancellation efficiency and reducing interference.
Power management in hybrid networks
Disclosed are various embodiments for power management in hybrid networks. In one embodiment, a network power manager is configured to manage power consumption in a hybrid network by controlling an operational state of a plurality of ports in a plurality of nodes of the hybrid network. The hybrid network comprises a plurality of interconnected networks, where each interconnected network employs a corresponding one of a plurality of communication mediums, and each of the communication mediums is unique with respect to each other.
Handling traffic flows in a mobile communications network
A method of handling traffic flows across a network. The method includes issuing a request for establishing a communication pathway end to end over a network, the communication pathway including a radio communication channel and a packet communication channel, the request identifying at least one traffic flow with an associated flow treatment attribute, reporting an available flow treatment across the network, modifying the request to take into account the available flow by modifying at least one of the at least one traffic flow and the associated flow treatment attribute, and establishing the communication pathway based on the modified request.
Method and system for reliable distribution of messages
A method and system for distributing messages sent from senders to receivers in a reliable and real-time manner. Some of the receivers are designated as recording receivers that are responsible for recording each message that it receives so it can provide to other receivers messages they have missed. When a sender distributes a message, it waits for an acknowledgement from a recorder that it received and recorded the message. If an acknowledgement is received, then the sender knows at least one recorder has a copy of the message that that recorder can provide to other receivers that missed the message. When a receiver detects that it missed a message, it then initiates a “hole filling” process that distributes a request for the missing message to the recorders. A recorder who can provide the missing message sends to the requesting receiver a response indicating it can provide the missing message.
Selective information sharing across team spaces
A publication-and-subscription mechanism for team rooms, referred to as team room “channels”, through which teams are able to selectively share resources from their team rooms with non-members, and that allows selective contributions, modifications, and discussions from non-members. The team room channels operate as bidirectional information pipelines to other team rooms. The team room channels may either be broadcast to all known teams, or be published selectively to one or more designated “target” teams. The receiving team rooms may then subscribe to specific published channels as appropriate. Information items from a team's team room, such as documents, tasks, representations of team members, and/or other resources, may be added to one or more of a team's published channels. Teams can associate specific permissions with each channel, including Read, Contribute, Modify, and/or Discuss. These permissions apply to all items associated with the channel. Teams can subscribe to those channels published to them, to receive synchronous notifications of changes to the channel items.
Security model for identification and authentication in encrypted communications using delegate certificate chain bound to third party key
A client device communicates with a target entity server and one or more third party devices. The client device has a client credential that includes a client public key and a client certificate chain. The client certificate chain includes a chain of human-readable names. The client device delegates a third party device access to a service on the server by creating a delegate certificate chain for the third party device. The delegate certificate chain is bound to a public key for the third party device and includes a human-readable name with an extension selected for the third party device. The delegate certificate chain also may include a section of the human-readable name that identifies the client device. The client device transmits or otherwise presents the delegate certificate chain to the third party device.
Method and system for signing and authenticating electronic documents via a signature authority which may act in concert with software controlled by the signer
A system and method for signing and authenticating electronic documents using public key cryptography applied by one or more server computer clusters operated in a trustworthy manner, which may act in cooperation with trusted components controlled and operated by the signer. The system employs a presentation authority for presenting an unsigned copy of an electronic document to a signing party and a signature authority for controlling a process for affixing an electronic signature to the unsigned document to create a signed electronic document. The system provides an applet for a signing party's computer that communicates with the signature authority.
Validity determination method and validity determination apparatus
A validity determination method includes having a receiving apparatus of electronic data identify a public key corresponding to an electronic signature attached to the received electronic data among one or more public keys having respective valid terms, send a resend-request of the electronic data if the identified public key is not valid, and determine validity of the electronic data based on whether the electronic data is resent in response to the resend-request; and having a sending apparatus of the electronic data resend the electronic data to the receiving apparatus in response to receiving the resend-request if the sending apparatus has sent the electronic data relevant to the resend-request in a past.
Method and system to decrypt private contents
The invention discloses a method and a system to decrypt private contents stored in a device and the invention belongs to the field of computer security. The method may include: receiving a contents ID and a decrypting password from a first user; decrypting the encrypted private contents corresponding to the contents ID using the decrypting password; displaying the decrypted private contents when the decryption is successful; and displaying preset contents when the decryption is not successful. The system may include: a receiving module, a decryption module, and a display module. The present invention can improve the security of the private contents.
Communication apparatus, communication method, communication system, and computer program
A measurement to obtain an RTT to a receiving apparatus is performed by a relay apparatus that is disposed between a WAN and a home network and connects these two networks. That an RTT value is equal to or less than the threshold value is set as a content distribution condition from a transmitting apparatus, so that the same use environment as a system using current DLNA and DTCP-IP can be realized for content use in the home network. Thereby, unjust distribution of content is prevented while an authentication and key exchange procedure performed via an external network is allowed.
Revocation status using other credentials
Providing revocation status of at least one associated credential includes providing a primary credential that is at least initially independent of the associated credential, binding the at least one associated credential to the primary credential, and deeming the at least one associated credential to be revoked if the primary credential is revoked. Providing revocation status of at least one associated credential may also include deeming the at least one associated credential to be not revoked if the primary credential is not revoked. Binding may be independent of the contents of the credentials and may be independent of whether any of the credentials authenticate any other ones of the credentials. The at least one associated credential may be provided on an integrated circuit card (ICC). The ICC may be part of a mobile phone or a smart card.
System and method for conducting searches at target devices
A method, apparatus and system for secure forensic investigation of a target machine by a client machine over a communications network. In one aspect the method comprises establishing secure communication with a server over a communications network, establishing secure communication with the target machine over the communications network, wherein establishing secure communication with the target machine includes establishing secure communication between the server and the target machine, installing a servelet on the target machine, transmitting a secure command to the servelet over the communications network, executing the secure command in the servelet, transmitting data, by the target machine, in response to a servelet instruction, and receiving the data from the target machine over the communication network.
Phase-locked loop architecture and clock distribution system
One embodiment relates to an integrated circuit including multiple PMA modules, a plurality of multiple-purpose PLLs, multiple reference clock signal inputs, and a programmable clock network. Each PMA module includes multiple CDR circuits, receives multiple serial data signals, and outputs data from those signals in parallel form. The programmable clock network allows the reference clock signals to be selectively shared by the PMA modules and the multiple-purpose PLLs. Another embodiment relates to a method of providing clock signals for multiple purposes in an integrated circuit. Clock signals are generated by a plurality of multiple-purpose PLLs and are selectively distributed to PMA modules arranged at a side of the integrated circuit and to logic circuitry arranged in a core section of the integrated circuit. The clock signals are used by circuitry in the PMA modules for supporting a plurality of data communications channels. Other embodiments and features are also disclosed.
Method and apparatus for detecting logical signal
A logical transmission system includes a driver configured to receive a source data and output a first voltage at a first node; a transmission line of a characteristic impedance configured to couple the first node to a second node; a three-point three-level slicer configured to receive a second voltage at the second node and output a first ternary signal, a second ternary signal, and a third ternary in accordance with a first reference voltage, a second reference voltage, a first clock, a second clock, and a third clock; and a CDR (clock-data recovery) unit configured to receive a reference clock, the first ternary signal, the second ternary signal, and the third ternary signal and output a recovered data, the first reference voltage, the second reference voltage, the first clock, the second clock, and the third clock.
Reception unit and receiving method
There is provided a reception unit, including: a transition detection section configured to detect a transition of an input data signal; an oscillation section configured to generate a clock signal and vary a phase of the clock signal based on a result of detection made by the transition detection section, the clock signal having a frequency in accordance with a first control signal; a first sampling section configured to sample the input data signal based on the clock signal and thereby generate an output data signal; and a control section configured to generate the first control signal based on the input data signal, the output data signal, and the clock signal.
Dynamic access management of wireless communication resources
A system that incorporates the subject disclosure may include, for example, determining interference at a receiver of a wireless mobile device based on an updated indication of receiver performance at a receiver frequency. A wireless interference pattern is determined based on wireless emitters operating at a number of emitter frequencies. Distances are determined between the wireless mobile device and at least some of the wireless emitters, and an interference source is identified based on both of the wireless interference pattern and the distances. After determining the interference source, one of the emitter frequency, the receive frequency, or a combination thereof, is reassigned to a new frequency. The frequency reassignment is based on the interference pattern and separation distances and results in a modification to the interference pattern. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Systems and methods for dynamic whitespace spectrum management
Systems and methods for dynamic white space management are described. First, local handling of channel queries, in which a channel query by a white space device (WSD) is handled by a local dynamic spectrum management (DSM) server, if the DSM server has all the information necessary for providing a response to the channel query. Second, a search extension, in which a WSDB passes part of a search for available channels to a local DSM server. Third, assisting of an available channel calculation, in which a DSM server provides spectrum sensing information to WSDBs to improve the available channel calculation within the WSDBs. And fourth, dynamic bandwidth management to meet the coexistence requirements. In addition, the content of the messages and procedures that enable the above value-adding functions and interactions with the WSDB systems are described.
Dynamic bandwidth allocation in OFDM communication systems
Various embodiments of a mechanism of dynamic allocation of bandplan are provided. In one aspect, a communication device utilizes a bandplan during initialization in a digital communication system. The communication device modifies the bandplan after one or more channel estimations to optimize data rates of communications in a downstream direction and an upstream direction.
Method for effectively transmitting control signal in wireless communication system
Methods and apparatus for performing HARQ performed by a user equipment (UE) are provided. A bundling indicator is received which indicates the number of bundled downlink subframes, and a determination is made whether at least one bundled downlink subframe is missed by comparing the bundling indicator with the number of detected bundled downlink subframes. A representative ACK/NACK signal is generated when no bundled downlink subframe is missed, and the representative ACK/NACK signal is transmitted on an uplink channel. Recovery capability is maximized and packet loss is reduced so that fewer ACK/NACK signals are fed back than downlink packets.
Method and apparatus for acquiring control information in a wireless communication system
One embodiment of the present invention relates to a method for acquiring control information, comprising: a step of receiving a plurality of first sequential indexes associated with a resource region via which downlink control information is transmitted; a step of determining a plurality of second indexes from the plurality of first indexes; and a step of determining control channel elements in the order of the resource regions according to the plurality of second indexes, and performing blind decoding wherein the determination o the plurality of second indexes is dependent on a transmission mode and/or downlink control information.
Method and system for using selected bearer channels
Using bearer channels for wireless nodes includes initiating communication among the wireless nodes that include a node and one or more neighbor nodes. An adaptive channel operable to communicate messages between the node and the neighbor nodes is established. One or more bearer channels are selected. The one or more neighbor nodes are notified of the one or more selected bearer channels using the adaptive channel. The node and the neighbor nodes communicate over the bearer channels.
Method and apparatus for transmitting synchronization signal in wireless communication system
A method and an apparatus for transmitting data in a wireless communication system are provided. A base station transmits to a terminal a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) through a macro node, and transmits a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) through at least one radio remote head (RRH) having a cell identity (ID) that is identical to the macro node, so as not to overlap in with the PDCCH in a time domain. A time gap can be set between a last orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) symbol to which the PDCCH is allocated and a first OFDM symbol to which the PDSCH is allocated.
Apparatus and method for transmitting and receiving streaming data using multiple paths
The present invention relates to an apparatus and method for transmitting/receiving streaming data using multiple paths, in which the streaming data is smoothly reproduced without being interrupted, and more particularly, to an apparatus and method for transmitting/receiving streaming data using multiple paths, in which exchange of the streaming data is performed in real-time using the multiple paths regardless of obstacles. The method for transmitting streaming data using multiple paths includes managing and maintaining a path list including sequence information about a transmission path capable of transmitting data, framing the streaming data, and transmitting the framed streaming data via the transmission path according to the sequence information.
Carrier aggregation testing method and apparatus for performing the same
A carrier aggregation testing method for a wireless communication system, includes the steps of allocating a primary component carrier between a User Equipment and a carrier aggregation testing apparatus being configured to act as a Base Station with regard to the User Equipment, allocating at least one functionally limited secondary component carrier between the User Equipment and the carrier aggregation testing apparatus, aggregating the at least one functionally limited secondary component carrier with the primary component carrier, executing a carrier aggregation test being based on a functionality of the at least one functionally limited secondary component carrier.
Method and apparatus for multicast block acknowledgment
A method for wireless communications is disclosed that includes generating and interpreting multicast block acknowledgement frames. Group identifiers and apparatus identifiers are used for indicating the presence of aggregated acknowledgement information and for extracting acknowledgement information for individual stations.
Message service downtime
The description relates to addressing the downtime of a message service. One example can include determining that an error occurred during a message send process. A decision can be made whether the error is a suspicious error or a non-suspicious error. In an instance where the error is a suspicious error, any resend attempts can be limited to a number of times defined by a crash count threshold.
System and method for mitigating burst noise in a communications system
A system, method and computer program product is provided for mitigating the effects of burst noise on packets transmitted in a communications system. A transmitting device applies an outer code, which may include, for example, a block code, an exclusive OR (XOR) code, or a repetition code, to one or more packets prior to adaptation of the packets for transmission over the physical (PHY) layer of the communications system, wherein the PHY layer adaptation may include FEC encoding of individual packets. The outer coded packets are then separately transmitted over a channel of the communications system. A receiving device receives the outer coded packets, performs PHY level demodulation and optional FEC decoding of the packets, and then applies outer code decoding to the outer coded packets in order to restore packets that were erased during transmission due to burst noise or other impairments on the channel.
Apparatus for transmitting and receiving a signal and method of transmitting and receiving a signal
The present invention relates to a method of transmitting and a method of receiving signals and corresponding apparatus. One aspect of the present invention relates to an efficient layer 1 (L1) processing method for a transmitter and a receiver using data slices.
System and method quadrature error detection and correction
In an example, there is disclosed a system and method for detecting and correcting error in a quadrature receiver (QR). The QR may include a receiver channel operable to divide a received RF signal into I and Q channels. The receiver channel may include error sources, such as (in sequence) pre-demodulation (PD) error, LO mixer error, and baseband (BB) error. Test tones may be driven on the receiver channel at a plurality of test frequencies, and a quadrature error corrector may be provided to detect error from each source. Upon receiving an RF signal, the quadrature error corrector may apply correction coefficients to correct each source of error in reverse sequence (BB, LO, PD).
Wireless communication base station device, wireless communication terminal device, CCE allocation method and CCE blind decoding method
Disclosed is a wireless communication base station device which makes it possible to provide a base station, terminal and CCE allocation method capable of reducing the number of times blind decoding of a terminal is performed, without increasing the CCE block rate, even when a plurality of unit bands are set in a terminal. In this device, a search space setting section (103) sets in each of a plurality of unit bands a common search space in respect of a terminal which is communicating using the plurality of unit bands and other terminals, and sets in each of the plurality of unit bands an individual search space in respect of the terminal. An allocation section (106) allocates control information solely to CCEs within the common search spaces set in specified unit bands among the plurality of unit bands, or solely to CCEs within individual search spaces set in specified unit bands. Alternatively, the allocation section (106) allocates control information solely to CCEs within a common search space from among the common search spaces and the individual search spaces set in each of the plurality of unit bands.
Mitigate adjacent channel interference and non-Wi-Fi interference
Devices, systems and methods are described for mitigating interference in a wireless communications network. In particular, the network may be a Wi-Fi network. Multiple approaches may be implemented to mitigate ACI. Further, multiple approaches may be implemented to mitigate non-Wi-Fi interference as well. Each of the approaches may consist of two parts, namely, interference detection and interference mitigation (or reduction). One approach may involve: detecting adjacent channel interference (ACI) in an operating channel of the device; determining a location of the detected ACI in an operating band of the device; and mitigating the detected ACI by communicating via a channel different from the operating channel, the different channel being determined to be further away from the location of the detected ACI.
Apparatus and method for monitoring wavelength tunable optical filter
A monitoring apparatus, that monitors a wavelength tunable optical filter for filtering an optical signal to which a frequency modulation component is added, includes: an optical filter configured to filter the optical signal output from the wavelength tunable optical filter; a detector configured to detect amplitude of the frequency modulation component included in the optical signal output from the optical filter; a generator configured to generate an output-side amplitude distribution representing a distribution of the amplitude of the frequency modulation component detected by the detector, by sweeping a transmission wavelength of the optical filter; and a monitoring unit configured to monitor arrangement of a transmission wavelength band of the wavelength tunable optical filter with respect to a spectrum of the optical signal based on the output-side amplitude distribution generated by the generator.
Satellite communication system and method for transmitting data
A satellite communication system includes at least one base station, at least one satellite that can be brought into communication connection with the base station for data transmission, and a plurality of receivers adapted to receive signals transmitted from the satellite. The communication system is designed to transmit data in at least one uplink data stream from the base station to the satellite with a first data transmission rate and to transmit data in at least one downlink data stream from the satellite to the receivers with a second data transmission rate. The first data transmission rate is lower than the second data transmission rate and the satellite is provided with a data storage adapted to store the data transmitted from the base station to the satellite and to supply the data provided for the transmission to the receivers.
Apparatus and method for generating RF without harmonic interference
A transmitter capable of operating according to a first standard that does not interfere with a nearby frequency generator operating according to a second standard. The transmitter comprises an oscillator, a frequency divider, a mixer, and a filter. The oscillator is configured to output a first frequency that is outside of a frequency harmonic of the frequency generator. The frequency divider is coupled to the oscillator and divides the first frequency by a selective divide ratio to produce a second frequency. The mixer is configured to receive the first and second frequencies, which combines them to produce a mixed frequency. The filter is then used to filters the mixed frequency to obtain the higher portion of the mixed frequency. The divide ratio of the frequency divider is selected base on the desired output frequency of the transmitter such that a 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz ISM band frequency is achieved.
Field coupling electrode, communication device, and communication system
This specification discloses an excellent communication device of a field coupling type that increases field coupling efficiency between electrodes and realizes a small-sized device. This specification also discloses a communication system and an electrode. A communication device 100 includes: a first resonant circuit 121 connected in series to an electrode unit 110 formed with two conductor plates; and a second resonant circuit 122 connected in parallel to the electrode unit 110 and the first resonant circuit 121, which are connected in series. The constant of a resonant circuit is determined so that the voltage V2 to be applied to the electrode unit 110 becomes higher than the voltage V1 to be applied to the electrode unit 110 and the first resonant circuit 121 connected in series. In this manner, a field coupling electrode that has a very high coupling strength at a target frequency is obtained.
Electronic quantum information probability transfer
Systems and methods for digital communication utilizing entangled qubits are disclosed. The disclosed systems and methods exploit selective entanglement swapping to transfer an entangled state between sites. Each site includes pairs of qubits that are independently entangled with pairs of qubits at the other site. By selectively entangling the qubits within a pair at one site, the qubits of the corresponding pair at the other site also are selectively entangled. When the qubits are entangled, they are projected onto a particular entangled state type. Though no information may be transferred through selective entanglement of one qubit pair, systems and methods of the present disclosure determine whether a set of pairs of qubits are entangled by determining whether the distribution of pairs is a correlated or uncorrelated distribution (a probabilistic approach) and transform the distribution type to a classical bit of data.
Optical reception circuit, optical reception device, and optical transmission system
Into a current-voltage conversion unit, a single-end current signal which is a photoelectrically converted optical signal is input. The current-voltage conversion unit converts the single-end current signal into a single-end voltage signal and outputs the converted signal from an output terminal.An input terminal of an amplifier unit is connected to the output terminal of the current-voltage conversion unit. The amplifier unit amplifies the single-end voltage signal to predetermined amplitude set in advance and outputs the amplified signal from an output terminal. Then, an input terminal of a differential conversion unit is connected to the output terminal of the amplifier unit. The differential conversion unit outputs a differential voltage signal which is a differentiated single-end voltage signal amplified in the amplifier unit. The present technique can be applied, for example, to an optical transmission system.
Disturbance tolerant optical device
In one embodiment, an optical device having a first and second group of the plurality of sensors is disclosed. The first and second group of the plurality of sensors may have a first and second center of gravity region respectively. The plurality of sensors may be arranged such that the first and second center of gravity region may be substantially overlapping so as disturbances created by a time varying field on the first and second group of the plurality of sensors may be substantially similar in magnitude. In another embodiment, a fiber optic transmission system having first and second groups of the plurality of sensors being arranged around a center of gravity region is disclosed. In yet another embodiment, an optical transceiver having first and second sets of the plurality of sensors arranged such that center of gravity of each group is formed at the center region is disclosed.
Multi-laser transmitter optical subassembly
Multi-laser transmitter optical subassembly (TOSA). In one example embodiment, a method of fabricating a multi-laser TOSA includes various acts. First, first and second optical signals are transmitted from first and second lasers, respectively. Next, the angle of a first collimating lens is actively adjusted to cause the second optical signal to be aligned with the first optical signal as the first optical signal passes through a first filter and as the second optical signal is reflected by the first filter such that the first and second optical signals are aligned and combined.
System and method for distributing optical signals
An optical signal distribution system is provided herein useful for multiple service operators (MSOs) in providing content data to subscribers, and receiving control and other data from subscribers. The system facilitates the transmission of content data to the subscribers and the control and other data from subscribers substantially in the optical domain. The system includes a head-end configured to transmit the content data via a forward channel optical signal and receive the control data via a composite reverse channel optical signal. The system also includes a signal distribution hub configured to receive and replicate the forward channel optical signal for transmission to optical taps, receive reverse channel optical signals from the optical taps, generate a composite reverse channel optical signal, and transmit the composite reverse channel optical signal. Each optical tap sends and receives the forward and reverse channel optical signals to and from a plurality of subscribers units.
Visible light communication device, lighting fixture including the same, and lighting system
The visible light communication device includes a control circuit configured to repeat a transmission process of transmitting a communication signal through modulating an intensity of visible light to be emitted from a light source. The control circuit is configured to, in the transmission process, arbitrarily select a time slot for transmission from a plurality of time slots set within a predetermined time period allocated to the transmission process, and transmit the communication signal in the time slot for transmission.
Multi-beam free space optical endpoint
Free space optics (FSO) is a wireless technology that utilizes optical frequencies. Previously available FSO transceivers are restricted to point-to-point links because of the high directivity of laser light used to transmit data. By contrast, various implementations disclosed herein include a multi-beam FSO apparatus that is less reliant on point-to-point links, and includes a lens assembly and a planar array of optical communication devices. The lens assembly includes at least one surface shaped to direct ingress light received substantially within a first angular range towards a focal plane, and to direct egress light away from the focal plane into the first angular range. The planar array includes a plurality of optical communication devices arranged in association with the focal plane of the lens assembly, wherein each of the plurality of optical communication devices characterizes at least one of a plurality of optical communication link endpoints.
Optical signal power selection and control
A method (10) of selecting an optical signal power for an optical signal carrying traffic encoded on the optical signal in a modulation format. The optical signal is for transmission across an optical path in an optical communications system. The method (10) comprises: a. providing a probe optical signal at a probe signal power (12). The probe optical signal carries test traffic encoded on the probe optical signal in said modulation format (14). b. transmitting the probe optical signal across the optical path (16); and c. receiving the probe optical signal at an end of the optical path (18) and measuring an indicator of the quality of the received probe optical signal (20). The method comprises implementing steps a. to c. for each of a plurality of different probe signal powers (22, 26). The method further comprises selecting an indicator value corresponding to a quality above a threshold quality (24) and selecting an optical signal power substantially the same as the respective probe signal power as the optical signal power for the optical signal (28).
Method and apparatus for detection and correction of channel failure in an optical transceiver system
In some embodiments, an apparatus includes an optical transceiver system that includes a set of optical transmitters and a backup optical transmitter. In such embodiments, each optical transmitter from the set of optical transmitter can transmit at a unique wavelength from a set of wavelengths. The backup optical transmitter can transmit at a wavelength from the set of wavelengths when an optical transmitter from the set of optical transmitters associated with that wavelength fails. In other embodiments, an apparatus includes an optical transceiver system that includes a set of optical receivers and a backup optical receiver. The backup optical receiver can receive at a wavelength from the set of wavelengths when an optical receiver from the set of optical receivers associated with that wavelength fails.
Control apparatus for a transmit amplifier unit
A control apparatus for an earth-distant-platform includes a control unit, which includes with a control input and a control output, and a memory element. The memory element contains a plurality of operating value parameter sets for an RF transmit amplifier unit. The control input receives a control signal and, dependent on the control signal, the control unit selects an operating value parameter set from the memory element. The control output controls an energy supply unit and/or a preamplifier/linearization element using the selected operating value parameter set such that the RF transmit amplifier unit is operable in a defined operating state.
Systems and methods for signal frequency division in wireless communication systems
A system may include at least one antenna for receiving a first receive signal having a first signal diversity property and a second receive signal having a second signal diversity property. A first signal path may include a first frequency converter for downconverting the first receive signal to a first intermediate frequency signal having a first intermediate frequency. A second signal path may include a second frequency converter for downconverting the second receive signal to a second intermediate frequency signal having a second intermediate frequency. A transducer module may route the first receive signal to the first signal path, and route the second receive signal to the second signal path. A first N-plexer may select the first intermediate frequency signal or the second intermediate frequency signal for transmission to a cable, and to provide a data signal based on a selected intermediate frequency signal to the cable.
Method and apparatus for transmitting physical signals
Transmitting physical signals precoded at the physical layer, and transmitting via a physical channel precoded at the physical layer decoding information for use in physical layer decoding of said physical signals; wherein said decoding information is incorporated into one or more data units at a layer higher than the physical layer. Transmitting in a single sub-frame one or more physical reference signals for use in physical layer decoding of a physical channel in a plurality of sub-frames.
Memorial data system
A memorial data system is disclosed for providing information regarding an individual. The memorial data system comprises a marker for identifying the individual. A transponder circuit is coupled to the marker. A data is stored within the transponder circuit. A mobile electrical device transmits an electromagnetic field in close proximity to the transponder circuit. The transponder circuit receives the electromagnetic field for powering the transponder circuit. The transponder circuit transmits the data to the mobile electronic device. The mobile electronic device utilizes the data to access an electronic file on a network. The electronic file includes information regarding the individual.
Communication system, communication slave and communication master
A communication system includes multiple communication nodes and a communication line. The multiple communication nodes include a master and multiple slaves. The communication line cascade-connects the communication nodes and supplies electricity. The communication line corresponds to a feeder line. Each of the communication nodes is connected with the communication line through an inductor to be supplied with electricity. The each of the communication nodes is AC coupled to the communication line to transmit and receive a communication signal. The master and the slaves perform a bidirectional communication. A communication slave is provided. The communication slave is connected with a communication line through an inductor to be supplied with electricity. A communication master is provided.
Coordinating transmissions of power line communication (PLC) devices
A system for coordinating transmissions of power line communication (PLC) devices may include a processor and a memory. The processor may be configured to receive channel state information (CSI) from primary PLC devices. The primary PLC devices may be communicatively coupled to secondary PLC devices via collocated power lines, such as bundled power lines. Thus, the transmission of a primary PLC device over a power line to a secondary PLC device may be electromagnetically coupled onto the other power lines, thereby causing far-end crosstalk (FEXT) interference with respect to other secondary PLC devices. The processor may be configured to determine precoding information for compensating for the FEXT interference based at least on the received CSI. The processor may be configured to provide at least a portion of the precoding information to the primary PLC devices and to coordinate precoded transmissions of the primary PLC devices to mitigate the FEXT interference.
Frequency hopping sequence generation
Techniques for frequency-hopping sequence-generation are described herein. In one example, a sequence of pseudo random numbers may be used to generate a scrambling sequence. The scrambling sequence may be used to map an unscrambled sequence of channels into a scrambled sequence of channels. Channel-repeats may be detected in the scrambled sequence of channels and resolved. Channel whitening may be performed to reduce channel overuse resulting from the channel-repeat resolutions. The scrambled sequence of channels may be provided to a radio to enable the radio to tune to the channels indicated by the scrambled sequence of channels.
Protective cover for a wireless device
In some embodiments, an apparatus includes a protective cover configured to attach to a wireless device having a surface including a first portion and a second portion mutually exclusive from the first portion. The second portion of the surface is associated with a proximity sensor of the wireless device. The protective cover is configured to cover the first portion of the surface when the protective cover is attached to the wireless device. The protective cover is configured to not cover the second portion of the surface when the protective cover is attached to the wireless device such that the proximity sensor is not triggered by the protective cover when the protective cover is attached to the wireless device and when the wireless device is operational.
Method and apparatus for antenna tuning and power consumption management in a communication device
A system that incorporates teachings of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a controller that determines a radiated throughput for at least one of an uplink throughput or a downlink throughput of the communication device, reduces transmit power for the communication device responsive to the radiated throughput satisfying a throughput threshold, and tunes a matching network of the communication device responsive to the radiated throughput not satisfying the throughput threshold. Other embodiments are disclosed.
Tunable filter devices and methods
Analog interference filter devices and methods for isolation of desirable portions of a radio frequency signal. Signal compensation is used to provide desirable center frequency, passband width, ripple, rolloff, stopband and distortion performance. The filter is implemented with passive and/or active components.
Method for transmitting an uplink reference signal in a multi-node system and terminal using same
The present invention relates to a method for transmitting an uplink reference signal in a multi-node system and a terminal using same. The method comprises the steps of: receiving a synchronization signal from a node; receiving parameters for a virtual cell identifier (ID) from the node; generating an uplink demodulation reference signal (DM-RS) using the parameters for the virtual cell ID; and transmitting the generated uplink DM-RS to the node, wherein a physical cell ID is a cell ID obtained from the synchronization signal, and the parameters for the virtual cell ID are parameters used for generating the uplink DM-RS in the replacement of the physical cell ID.
Modular and scalable cyclic redundancy check computation circuit
Devices and methods for performing a cyclic redundancy check are disclosed. For example, a device has a splitter for splitting a data word into a plurality of paths. The device also has a plurality of cyclic redundancy check units. Each of the units is for processing a respective one of the paths. In addition, each of the units includes a first output port for outputting a cyclic redundancy check value for a packet ending within the unit and a second output port for outputting a cyclic redundancy check value for a packet starting or ongoing within the unit.
Hierarchical data compression and computation
According to embodiments of the present invention, machines, systems, methods and computer program products for hierarchical compression of data are presented comprising creating a compression hierarchy of compression nodes, wherein each compression node is associated with a compression operation to produce compressed data. An output of any of the compression nodes may be compressed by another compression node or the same compression node. A path of one or more compression nodes is determined through said compression hierarchy based upon compression statistics to compress data, and the data is compressed by the compression nodes of the path. Various computational techniques are presented herein for manipulating the compression hierarchy to defer or reduce computation during query evaluation.
Circuit generating an analog signal using a part of a sigma-delta ADC
The circuit generates an analog output signal which may be used to test a sigma-delta ADC. A digital waveform generator supplies a digital signal to a DAC to convert the digital signal into an analog signal. A filter filters the analog signal to obtain the analog output signal. The DAC is a DAC of a sigma-delta ADC and the filter comprises a filter of the sigma/delta ADC. A multiplexer 34 supplies the digital signal to the DAC in a generator mode wherein the circuit converts the digital signal into the analog output signal using the part of the sigma-delta ADC, or to supply a quantized analog output signal to the DAC in normal mode wherein the sigma-delta ADC converts its analog input signal into the quantized analog output signal.
System and method for data conversion of signals using noise shaping
Apparatus and methods are taught for dividing a signal to be processed by a Noise Shaping (Hereafter NS) loop into smaller sections, and applying NS to at least a subset of these smaller sections. The processed signals are then recombined. As noise shaping is performed on smaller sections, the operating speed of each noise shaping loop, and accordingly for the system in general, is faster than if the output signal had been generated by single higher bit NS loop. Embodiments further include a configuration block for configuring the apparatus. For example, the number of sections, the section calculation method, and the NS for each section can each be configurable, and for some embodiments, programmable.
Signal modulation circuit
Provided is a modulation circuit that can correct an output state in real time and reliably modulate an input signal to output the modulated signal. The signal modulation circuit includes a subtracter, an integrator, a chopper circuit, a frequency divider, and a D-type flip-flop. A delay circuit of a sigma delta modulation circuit is not provided to a feedback circuit, and a signal is delayed and quantized in the D-type flip-flop. The chopper circuit inserts a zero level at timing synchronized with a clock signal, so that pulse density modulation is performed.
Digital-to-analog converter with local interleaving and resampling
The invention relates to a digital to analog converter and a method for a digital to analog conversion, wherein the digital to analog converter comprises at least one analog output cell configured to selectively generate a partial analog signal in response to a partial digital input signal. The analog output cell comprises an analog output switching unit that comprises a current source connected in series to a first node of a retiming switch and a first switch element as well as a second switching element, both connected with respect to first nodes in parallel to a second node of the retiming switch and a switching logic configured to regulate the transmission of said partial analog signal to an analog cell output.
Frame adaptive digital to analog converter and methods for use therewith
A digital to analog converter (DAC) includes a thermometer coder that generates a plurality of micro-current source analog controls on a frame-by-frame or symbol-by-symbol basis and to process digital inputs from symbols or frames of data based on a thermometer coding to generate a plurality of micro-current source inputs. A plurality of micro-current sources generate a corresponding plurality of micro-current source outputs in response to the plurality of micro-current source inputs, wherein first selected ones of the plurality of micro-current sources are powered-off in response to the plurality of micro-current source analog controls for a first symbol or frame of the plurality of symbols or frames of data. A summing circuit generates an analog output based a sum of the corresponding plurality of micro-current source outputs.
Arrangement for digital-to-analog converter
Among other things, an arrangement for a digital-to-analog converter (DAC) is provided herein. In some embodiments, a metal-oxide semiconductor (MOS) array of the DAS comprises one or more cells respectively comprising one or more current sources. The current sources comprise one or more transistors having a horizontal gate layout. A switch arrangement of the DAS, to which the MOS array is connected, comprises one or more transistors having a vertical gate layout. Accordingly, in some embodiments, a DAC is provided which comprises transistors having a vertical gate layout and transistors having a horizontal gate layout.
Quantum interference device, atomic oscillator, electronic device, and moving object
A quantum interference device includes: a gas cell housing metal atoms; a light emitting unit emitting light to the gas cell; a light receiving unit receiving light penetrating the gas cell; a cell temperature control unit controlling the gas cell temperature; a light emitting unit temperature control unit controlling the light emitting unit temperature; an analog circuit including a light receiving circuit which processes a light receiving signal output from the light receiving unit, and controls an atomic resonance signal; a digital circuit controlling the analog circuit; a first substrate; and a second substrate. The light receiving circuit is provided on the first substrate. At least one of the cell temperature control unit, the light emitting unit temperature control unit, and the digital circuit is provided on the second substrate. The first and second substrates at least partially overlap with each other in a plan view.
Atomic cell, atomic resonance transition device, atomic oscillator, electronic apparatus, and moving object
An atomic cell includes a pair of windows, and a body disposed between the pair of windows and forming an inner space in which alkali metal atoms are sealed along with the pair of windows. The inner space has a longitudinal shape in which a cross-section perpendicular to an arranging direction of the pair of windows extends in a first direction. Further, when a length of the inner space in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction in the cross-section is set to L1, and a length of the inner space in the first direction is set to L2, a relationship of L2/L1≧1.1 is satisfied.
Phase-locked loop filter with coarse and fine tuning
A loop filter for a phase locked loop (PLL) having fast tuning capability while limiting phase noise. The filter includes a fine tune input port to receive a fine tune signal from the phase detector and a coarse tune input port to receive a coarse tune signal from the coarse tuner. The external coarse tuner provides the majority of the voltage slew on the loop filter while a fine tune control, thus reducing tune time. In one embodiment, the loop filter includes a voltage divider to limit the effective tuning sensitivity and thus control noise induced on a voltage-controlled oscillator from the loop filter. An elliptical filter may be employed to attenuate fractional spurs within the filter output signal.
Digital phase-locked loop supply voltage control
Some embodiments include apparatuses and methods having a digitally controlled oscillator (DCO) in a digital phase-locked loop (PLL) and a control loop. The DCO can generate an output signal having a frequency based on a value of a digital information. The control loop can adjust a value of a supply voltage of the DCO based on the value the digital information. Additional apparatuses and methods are described.
Low leakage and data retention circuitry
An integrated circuit includes first circuitry and sleep transistor circuitry. The first circuitry receives input signals and processes the input signals. The first circuitry also retains data in a sleep state that has low leakage. The sleep transistor circuitry is coupled to the first circuitry and receives a sleep signal that has a negative voltage. The sleep circuitry reduces power consumption of the first circuitry in the sleep state to have low leakage based on the sleep signal while retaining the data in the first circuitry.
Single stage latency combined multiplexer and latch circuit
A combined multiplexer and latch circuit is provided that has only a single gate delay between the input of the overall circuit and the output of the circuit. Two complementary input signal stages each receive a complementary input signal and a multiplexer input. A clocked preset circuit presets a signal at the output of the combined multiplexer and latch circuit with timing based on a first phase of an input clock. A storage circuit stores a value based on the output of the combined multiplexer and latch circuit with timing based on a second phase of the input clock. The circuit has a preset mode during which the output of the combined multiplexer and latch circuit is preset, and has a latch mode during which a value output by the selected complementary signal input stage is output by the circuit and also stored in the storage circuit.
High speed latch with over voltage protection and integrated summing nodes
A latch includes a current source, an input amplifier, and a latch output circuit. The current source is configured to output a current based on a voltage source. The input amplifier is configured to receive a differential analog input signal including a first differential input and a second differential input and selectively provide the current based on the first differential input and the second differential input. A latch output circuit is configured to selectively output a differential digital output signal including a first differential output and a second differential output. The latch output circuit includes an over voltage protection circuit configured to receive the current output from the input amplifier, receive the voltage source limit, and output a modified differential digital output signal based on a comparison between a voltage corresponding to each of the first differential output and the second differential output and the voltage source limit.
Ring oscillator circuit and method of regulating aggregate charge stored within capacitive loading therefor
A ring oscillator circuit comprising a plurality of stages operably coupled output-to-input in a ring configuration. A frequency tuning stage comprises an inverting logic gate and a delay component. The delay component comprises a first capacitive component comprising a first terminal operably coupled to an output of the inverting logic gate and a second terminal operably coupled to a first reference voltage at least when the ring oscillator is disabled. The delay component further comprises a further capacitive component comprising a first terminal operably coupled to the output of the inverting logic gate and a second terminal selectively couplable to the first reference voltage and a second reference voltage. The second terminal of the further capacitive component is arranged to be operably coupled to the first reference voltage when the ring oscillator is enabled, and operably coupled to the second reference voltage when the ring oscillator is disabled.
Voltage sampling scheme with dynamically adjustable sample rates
A apparatus including a clock source and a comparison circuit is presented. The clock source may be configured to generate a clock signal. The comparison circuit may be configured select a first frequency of the clock signal and to receive a plurality of voltage signal inputs for comparison. The comparison circuit may be further configured to compare a voltage level of a first voltage signal input of the plurality of voltage signal inputs to a voltage level of a second voltage signal input of the plurality of voltage signal inputs responsive to an active edge of the clock signal. The comparison circuit may also be configured to determine a comparison value corresponding to the comparison of the voltage levels and to select a second frequency of the clock signal dependent upon the comparison value, in which the second frequency is different than the first frequency.
Acoustic wave element and acoustic wave device using same
The IDT electrode has the first bus bar and second bus bar; the plurality of first electrode fingers and the plurality of second electrode fingers mutually intersect; the plurality of first dummy electrodes and the plurality of second dummy electrodes which have front ends facing front ends of the plurality of first electrode fingers and the plurality of second electrode fingers with the gap s1; the plurality of first auxiliary electrodes which protrude laterally from the front end side portions of the pluralities of first dummy electrodes; and the plurality of second auxiliary electrodes which protrude laterally from the front end side portions of the plurality of second dummy electrodes. The plurality of first auxiliary electrodes have edge portions located a side of the second bus bar. The edge portions are located a side of the second bus bar the more to a side of the front end.
Self-powered sensing and transmitting device and method of fabricating the same
A self-powered sensing and transmitting circuit (50) including a power element (44) and a sensing element (46) that is powered by the power element for generating a sensor signal responsive to a local operating environment The circuit also includes a transmitting element (48) powered by the power element for transmitting an output signal responsive to the sensor signal to a receiving location (33, 55) remote from the circuit The power element, sensing element and transmitting element of the circuit are arranged in a generally planar and non-integrated circuit configuration formed on a substrate (57) component exposed to operating temperatures at or exceeding 650° C.
Method for manufacturing electronic device, cover body, electronic device, electronic apparatus, and moving object
A method for manufacturing an electronic device is provided, in which a base and a lid as a cover body are bonded together while forming an interior space between the base and the lid. The method includes: a step of preparing the lid including a groove communicating the interior space with the outside, the groove being in a back surface of the lid; a step of accommodating a gyro element as an electronic component in the interior space; a first bonding step of bonding the base and the lid together by seam welding at an area for bonding except for a portion corresponding to the groove; and a second bonding step of bonding the base and the lid by welding using a laser beam at a portion of the area for bonding, the portion including an end of the groove on the outside side, to thereby close the groove.
Wideband baluns and methods of their manufacture
A balun structure comprises an unbalanced input terminal, a first planar coil connected to the unbalanced input terminal, a second planar coil connected to the first planar coil, a third planar coil stacked in relation to the first planar coil, a first balanced output terminal connected to the third planar coil, a fourth planar coil stacked in relation to the second planar coil, and a second balanced output terminal connected to the fourth planar coil, wherein a first length of the first planar coil and a third length of the third planar coil differ by one twelfth to one twentieth of an operational wavelength and a second length of the second planar coil and a fourth length of the fourth planar coil differ by one twelfth to one twentieth of the operational wavelength.
Power line communication filter for multiple conductors
An apparatus attenuates pseudo-differential signals on a plurality of conductors. The apparatus may also attenuate one or both of differential signals and common mode signals on the conductors. The signals may be Power Line Communication (PLC) signals. The apparatus includes a choke including a plurality of mutually coupled windings. The windings of the choke include a first winding and a plurality of second windings, the first winding having a number of turns equal to the sum of the number of turns of the second windings. Each of the second windings may have a substantial leakage inductance. The apparatus may further include one or more capacitors electrically coupled between windings of the choke.
Amplifier current consumption control
The audio amplifier includes a variable gain amplifier receiving the input audio signal and providing the output signal, whereby the output signal corresponds to the input signal amplified by a limiter gain. The audio amplifier further includes a limiter gain calculation unit, thus the input signal is amplified by the limiter gain. A control unit receives a signal representative of the input signal and is configured to estimate, based on a mathematical model, the input current or the total output current of the audio amplifier thus providing an estimated current signal corresponding to (and resulting from) the output signal, whereby the limiter gain calculation unit is configured to calculate, dependent on the estimation, the limiter gain such that the actual input current or the total output current of the audio amplifier does not exceed a threshold current value.
Calculating and adjusting the perceived loudness and/or the perceived spectral balance of an audio signal
The invention relates to the measurement and control of the perceived sound loudness and/or the perceived spectral balance of an audio signal. An audio signal is modified in response to calculations performed at least in part in the perceptual (psychoacoustic) loudness domain. The invention is useful, for example, in one or more of: loudness-compensating volume control, automatic gain control, dynamic range control (including, for example, limiters, compressors, expanders, etc.), dynamic equalization, and compensating for background noise interference in an audio playback environment. The invention includes not only methods but also corresponding computer programs and apparatus.
Method for operating an amplifier module of a satellite
A method for operating an amplifier module of a communication satellite involves establishing an undesired state of the amplifier module, storing state data, which indicate the undesired state, in a nonvolatile memory of the amplifier module, after the undesired state has been established, and deactivating the amplifier module after the storage of the state data.
Reduced bandwith of signal in an envelope path for envelope tracking system
An envelope tracking power amplifier system comprising an RF input path and an envelope path for providing a modulated power amplifier supply, further comprising a plurality of envelope detectors for detecting the envelope of a plurality of frequency bands of an input signal and each generating an output signal, and a combiner for combining the output of the envelope detectors.
A linearized power amplifier includes a first amplification stage having a first transistor for amplifying an input signal and outputting a pre-amplified signal, and a second amplification stage having a second transistor for amplifying the pre-amplified signal. A phase injection circuit, connected to the gate of the first transistor and the gate of the second transistor, adjusts the phase of the input signal based on the pre-amplified signal so as to compensate for AM-AM distortion and AM-PM distortion.
Circuit and method for image frequency rejection
In certain embodiments, a circuit for image frequency rejection includes an analog adder-amplifier that has a transistor pair. The adder-amplifier is configured to receive a plurality of downmixed or upmixed in-phase and quadrature-phase signals, and to add an in-phase signal and a quadrature-phase signal applied at control inputs of both transistors of the transistor pair. Both transistors of the transistor pair are connectable to a same load resistor for addition of the in-phase signal and the quadrature-phase signal applied at the control inputs of both transistors. The adder-amplifier is configured to output, based on adding the in-phase signal and the quadrature-phase signal applied at the control inputs of both transistors of the transistor pair, one or more summed signals.
Low voltage crystal oscillator (XTAL) driver with feedback controlled duty cycling for ultra low power
A low voltage crystal oscillator (XTAL) driver with feedback controlled duty cycling for ultra low power biases an amplifier for an XTAL in the sub-threshold operating regime. A feedback control scheme can be used to bias the amplifier for an XTAL biased in the sub-threshold operating regime. The amplifier of a XTAL oscillator can be duty cycled to save power, e.g., the XTAL driver can be turned off to save power when the amplitude of the XTAL oscillation reaches a maximum value in range; but be turned back on when the amplitude of the XTAL oscillation starts to decay, to maintain the oscillation before it stops. In addition or alternatively, a feedback control scheme to duty cycle the amplifier of a XTAL oscillator can be used to monitor the amplitude of the oscillation.
Solar panel mounting assembly
A solar panel mounting assembly for securing a solar panel to a shingled roof with the assembly comprising a mounting block having four mounting block partitions that a form a cross-shaped pattern, with four mounting surfaces extending between and perpendicular to corresponding mounting block partitions, and with the mounting block partitions and corresponding mounting surfaces for use in securing a corner of the solar panel to the solar panel mounting assembly. The remaining corners of the solar panel can be similarly secured using other solar panel mounting assemblies. The solar panel assembly also comprises a flashing panel for flashing the assembly to the singled roof.
Vehicle with electrical machine and method for operating the same
The invention relates to a vehicle having a multiphase electric machine, comprising a first onboard power subsystem provided with a first nominal DC voltage level, and a second onboard power subsystem provided with a second nominal DC voltage level, wherein the electric machine comprises a rotor, a first stator system, and a second stator system. The first onboard power subsystem comprises a first inverter having a first intermediate circuit capacitor. The first stator system is dedicated to the first inverter. The second onboard power subsystem comprises a second inverter having a second intermediate circuit capacitor, and the second stator system is dedicated to the second inverter. The first stator system is configured in a star connection, the second stator system is configured in a star connection, and a transfer circuit connects the star point of the first stator system to the star point of the second stator system.
A power converter is for a rotating electrical machine including first and second winding sets, each of which has coils corresponding to phases of the rotating electrical machine. In the power converter, a first inverter energizes the first winding set, a second inverter energizes the second winding set, a current sensor detects a phase current flowing through each coil, and a control section drives the first and second inverters respectively based on first and second voltage command signals. The first inverter and the first winding set form a first system. The second inverter and the second winding set form a second system. The control section calculates the first and second voltage command signals so that average voltages applied to the first and second winding sets can be different from each other. The failure detector detects whether a short-circuit occurs between the first and second systems based on each phase current.
Circuit and method for frequency synthesis for signal detection in automatic voltage regulation for synchronous generators
Automatic voltage regulation is shown involving full wave rectifying a power signal and generating a reference corresponding to an operating voltage level, line sampling the power signal and comparing it to the reference to generate a line sync signal synchronized to the power signal. Producing 90° out of phase signals synchronized to the line sync signal with a PLL locked onto the line sync signal that outputs a phase error signal. Generating a quadrature signal from the phase signals. Sampling the peaks of the rectified power signal using the quadrature signal to produce a control signal. Subtracting the error signal and damping signal from the reference to produce a duty cycle modulation signal. The duty cycle modulation signal controls a duty cycle of a field voltage control signal that oscillates at a predetermined frequency. The field voltage control signal is low-pass filtered to produce the damping signal.
Device and method for harvesting energy
A miniature energy harvesting device for producing electricity from acoustical energy, stray electromagnetic energy, noise and from energy of different anatomical motions. The device comprises a housing, a mechanical spring engaged with the housing between a static and dynamic state and a first magnet engaged with the mechanical spring. The device further comprises a conductive grid freely moveable within a cavity of the housing. The device further comprises a composite structure comprising a fixed magnet and a piezoelectric material. The composite structure is engaged with the grid and in communication with the first magnet. The first magnet and the fixed magnet apply a force upon the piezoelectric material when the mechanical spring is in the static state to produce a base voltage. Excitation of the mechanical spring causes the piezoelectric material to generate an alternating voltage output having a peak voltage greater than the base voltage.
Driving circuit for vibration-type actuator
A driving circuit to drive a vibration member comprising an electro-mechanical energy conversion element includes a transformer connected in parallel to the electro-mechanical energy conversion element. The transformer includes a primary coil configured such that an alternating voltage is applied to the primary coil, and a secondary coil connected to the electro-mechanical energy conversion element in parallel, and an inductor connected to the primary coil in series, Parameters of the driving circuit are set such that, when a frequency of a peak voltage applied to the electro-mechanical energy conversion element is denoted by fe and a driving frequency of the vibration member is denoted by fd, a condition fe<1.5·fd is satisfied.
Control device for semiconductor switch on an inverter and method for the actuation of an inverter
The invention relates to a control device (4) for the actuation of a semiconductor switch (1) on an inverter having an actuation switch (16) that is designed to generate a driver signal (18) depending on a switch signal (5) generated by a control regulation of the inverter, and a driver circuit (15) that is connected between the actuation circuit (16) and a control input (13) of the semiconductor switch (1), and which is designed to receive the driver signal (18) and a control signal (7) depending on the driver signal (18), said control signal actuating a semiconductor switch (1) for the generation and infeed into the control input (13) of the semiconductor switch (1), wherein the actuation circuit (16) is designed to generate the driver signal (18) as a consequence of driver signal pulses with a predetermined and adjustable pulse length such that the semiconductor switch (1) is not fully conductive in the event of an actuation with the control signal (7) during the pulse length.
Reactor, converter and power conversion device
A reactor in which an assembly is easily assembled into a case and which is excellent in productivity is provided. In this reactor, two positions out of a total of four positions near opposite widthwise end parts of frame-shaped bobbins when an assembly accommodated in a case is viewed from above serve as positioning positions and the remaining two positions serve as escaping positions. At the positioning positions, projecting pieces provided on the frame-shaped bobbin are engaged with engaging grooves provided on the case. On the other hand, at the escaping positions, projecting pieces provided on the frame-shaped bobbin are allowed to escape in escaping portions (escaping grooves) provided on the case.
Startup method and system for resonant converters
A method comprises providing a resonant converter comprising a switching network comprising a plurality of switches, a resonant tank coupled between the switching network and a transformer, wherein the resonant tank comprises a series resonant inductor coupled to a switching network and the transformer and a series resonant capacitor coupled to the switching network and the transformer and a driver having an adjustable bias voltage and in response to a startup process of the resonant converter, configuring the switching network to operate a switching frequency higher than a resonant frequency of the resonant tank.
Synchronous rectifier control for a double-ended isolated power converter
An apparatus comprises a power converter circuit and a control circuit. The power converter circuit includes a primary circuit side and a secondary circuit side. The primary circuit side includes a plurality of primary switches, and the secondary circuit side includes a plurality of synchronous rectifiers and an inductor. The control circuit is configured to operate the synchronous rectifiers synchronously with the primary switches when inductor current at the inductor is greater than or equal to a reference inductor current, and operate the synchronous rectifiers in a bidirectional mode when the inductor current is less than the reference inductor current, wherein energy is delivered from the primary side to the secondary side and from the secondary side to the primary side during the bidirectional mode.
Power supply apparatus and driving method thereof
A power supply apparatus and a driving method thereof are disclosed. The power supply apparatus includes a first converter and a second converter. The first converter is operated to acquire a first gain when an input voltage is included in a first range or a second range that is lower than a first range and outputs a first output voltage and a second output voltage by converting the input voltage. In addition, the second converter is operated when the input voltage is included in the first range and outputs a third output voltage by converting the second output voltage.
DC-DC conversion device including pulse width modulation control
A circuit of a full-bridge configuration using four semiconductor switch elements is used as a circuit on the primary side of a transformer in a DC-DC conversion device. With this configuration, it is possible to increase the turn ratio of a primary winding and a secondary winding of the transformer and thus increase a voltage generated in the primary winding, and to decrease a current flowing through the primary winding of the transformer and thus decrease breaking currents of the semiconductor switch elements.
Low forward voltage rectifier
A Low Forward Voltage Rectifier (LFVR) includes a bipolar transistor, a parallel diode, and a base current injection circuit disposed in an easy-to-employ two-terminal package. In one example, the transistor is a Reverse Bipolar Junction Transistor (RBJT), the diode is a distributed diode, and the base current injection circuit is a current transformer. Under forward bias conditions (when the voltage from the first package terminal to the second package terminal is positive), the LFVR conducts current at a rated current level with a low forward voltage drop (for example, approximately 0.1 volts). In reverse bias conditions, the LFVR blocks current flow. Using the LFVR in place of a conventional silicon diode rectifier in the secondary of a flyback converter reduces average power dissipation and increases power supply efficiency.
Power supply device with parallel buck converters
The power supply device of the present invention includes a main converter and at least one sub converter connected in parallel between a pair of output ends of a DC power supply circuit for receiving power through a parallel circuit of a thyristor and a thermistor having a positive temperature coefficient. Each of the main converter and the at least one sub converter includes: a series circuit composed of a diode and a switching element and connected between the pair of output ends; a series circuit composed of a capacitor and an inductor and connected in parallel with the diode; and a drive circuit configured to drive the switching element. The main converter controls the thyristor in accordance with a voltage across a secondary winding magnetically coupled with the inductor. When a short circuit of the switching element of the at least one sub converter occurs, the drive circuit of the main converter terminates driving of the switching element of the main converter.
Control of multi-level supply stage
A buck-boost converter comprising: a voltage source; an inductor, wherein a first terminal of the inductor is switchably connected to the voltage source; and a plurality of capacitors switchably connected to a second terminal of the inductor, wherein a respective plurality of output voltages are formed across the plurality of capacitors, further comprising: an error determination means, for determining an error in each of the plurality of voltages, an inner control loop adapted to switchably connect one of the plurality of capacitors to the second terminal of the inductor in dependence on the determined errors; and an outer control loop adapted to control switching between buck mode and boost mode in dependence upon the determined errors.
Power converter with separate buck and boost conversion circuits
An apparatus (100) includes a buck and boost conversion circuit (110), and a control unit (120, 200) for controlling operations of the buck and boost converter. The buck and boost converter includes a buck conversion circuit having a first set of switches (SW3, SW4), and a boost conversion circuit having a second set of switches (SW5, SW6). The buck conversion circuit and the boost conversion circuit may be controlled independently from each other. The control unit is configured to control delivery of power from the power converter to a load (20) via the buck conversion circuit in a buck conversion mode by controlling switching operations of the first set of switches, and to control the delivery of the power from the power converter to the load via the boost conversion circuit in a boost conversion mode by controlling switching operations of the second set of switches.
Power supply device for vehicle including a boosting converter circuit
A power supply device is provided for a vehicle having an idling-stop function, the power supply device including a boosting converter circuit with small loss that compensates for a voltage drop of a battery during starting of the engine and performing a protection function against a case in which the polarities of the battery are mistakenly connected in reverse. A series circuit including two MOSFETs serially connected to one another and an inductor is connected to the ends of a DC power source. A diode is connected to the connection point between the two MOSFETS serially connected to one another and the inductor, and a capacitor is connected in parallel to the two MOSFETS serially connected to one another. The two MOSFETs are serially connected such that the polarities of respective body diodes thereof are opposite to each other.
Control circuit applicable to power converter and operation method thereof
A control circuit includes an auxiliary pin for receiving an auxiliary voltage of an auxiliary winding of a power converter; a first detection unit for detecting a first time point when the auxiliary voltage begins resonance, and outputting a first detection signal according to the first time point; a second detection unit for detecting a second time point when the auxiliary voltage reaches a predetermined voltage, and outputting a second detection signal according to the second time point; a delay time controller for obtaining a delay time according to a output time difference between the first detection signal and the second detection signal, and outputting a driving signal with delay of the delay time when receiving the second detection signal; and a gate control signal generator for generating a gate control signal to a power switch of the power converter according to the driving signal of the delay time controller.
Switching regulator with reduced body diode conduction
A switching regulator that includes a high-side MOSFET, a low-side MOSFET, a high-side driver circuit, a low-side driver circuit, and a capacitive coupling circuit. An output of the high-side driver circuit is coupled to a gate of the high-side MOSFET to control the high-side MOSFET to be substantially depleted during a first operational phase and to be substantially enhanced during a second operational phase. An output of the low-side driver circuit is coupled to a gate of the low-side MOSFET to control the low-side MOSFET to be substantially enhanced during the first operational phase and to provide a regulated drain-to-source current during the second operational phase. The capacitive coupling circuit is coupled to an input of the high-side driver circuit and the gate of the low-side MOSFET and decreases the regulated drain-to-source current during a transition from the first operational phase to the second operational phase.
Switched capacitor voltage converting device and switched capacitor voltage converting method
A voltage converting device includes first to third voltage converters, each including a capacitor, a pair of charge switches for charging the capacitor, a pair of first output switches for outputting a first output voltage through the capacitor, and a pair of second output switches for outputting a second output voltage through the capacitor. Via timing control of the switches, outputs of the first and second output voltages are substantially continuous and are prevented from floating.
Voltage conversion circuit and switching control circuit
In an embodiment, a voltage conversion circuit includes a first voltage conversion unit stepping up or stepping down an input DC voltage and a second voltage conversion unit stepping up or stepping down an input DC voltage. A switcher is configured to switch between using both the first and second conversion units or just one of the first and second conversion units. The switcher can optionally be controlled according to an input voltage level such that both the first and second voltage conversion units can be used for a voltage step-up or voltage step-down operation or just one of the first and second voltage conversion units can be used.
Method for improving performance of filter and power conversion apparatus
A power conversion apparatus is disclosed in the present application. The power conversion apparatus comprises: a power converter comprising an energy-storage magnetic component, and a filter comprising an inductor component and a two-port network connected the energy-storage magnetic component and the inductor component, wherein a series resonance is formed by the two-port network and a mutual inductance which is formed by a coupling between the energy-storage magnetic component and the inductor component.
Power conversion apparatus
A power conversion device includes a capacitor for smoothing DC current; power semiconductor modules having power semiconductor devices stored in a module case and DC terminals, an AC terminal and signal terminals are extracted from an extracting part of the module case; a capacitor bus bar that connects the capacitor with the DC terminals; a first channel body having a first coolant channel formed to allow the power semiconductor modules to be inserted therein; a second channel body in which a second coolant channel for cooling the capacitor and the capacitor bus bar is formed; and a housing having a base on which the first and second channel bodies are arranged in parallel across a prescribed space and openings formed in areas of the base facing the prescribed space.
Power converter control method
When an AC voltage is outputted to an inductive load, pulsation of an effective power caused by an odd number-th order harmonic component of a current flowing in this load is reduced. A modulation factor k of an inverter 4 includes a DC component k0 and an AC component. The AC component includes a frequency which is a 6n multiple of the fundamental frequency of AC voltages outputted from the inverter. Even when there are not only the 5th order harmonic component of load currents but also the 7th order harmonic component, it is possible to adequately set the ratio of the magnitude of the AC component and the ratio of the DC component and reduce pulsation of consumption power caused by these harmonic components. Reducing the pulsation contributes to suppression of power harmonics.
The present invention aims to provide an actuator unit. When the actuator unit is assembled in a lens driving device and works, a lens support beginning to move cannot be inclined. A spring component (14) is provided with an inner side retaining part (14a), an outer side retaining part (14b), a plurality of wrist parts (14c), a plurality of inner side connecting parts (14e), a plurality of outer side connecting parts (14f) and spoke parts (14g) for connecting the inner side retaining part (14a) with the outer side retaining part (14b) in a releasable manner, wherein the lens support (17) is supported by the spring components (14), and an electromagnetic driving mechanism (22) is utilized for enabling the lens support (17) to move.
Spring-less buried magnet linear-resonant motor
A spring-less buried magnet linear-resonant motor is provided. The motor includes a buried magnet system and a stator operable to produce an alternating magnetic field exerting alternating axial forces on the buried magnet system that has a self-centering force and a required stiffness to reciprocate at a frequency near an alternating current (AC) supply frequency.
A press-fitting structure has a press-fitting face of a rotor yoke formed from a laminated steel sheet is press fitted onto a face to be press-fitted of a rotor shaft, fitting is carried out with plastic deformation while the first projection of a press-fitting face of a rotor yoke, on which a first projection and a first recess extending in substantially the press-fitting direction are formed in turn, and the second projection of the face to be press-fitted of the rotor shaft, on which a second projection and a second recess extending in the direction intersecting the press-fitting direction are formed in turn, are in contact with each other. Since in a state in which press fitting is completed, the amount of plastic deformation of the second projection of the rotor shaft is larger than the amount of plastic deformation of the first projection of the rotor yoke.
Mechanical metal-forming machine having a flywheel coupled to a rotor of an auxiliary drive and method for providing the mechanical metal-forming machine
The invention relates to a mechanical metal-forming machine which comprises a drive shaft, a flywheel drive with a flywheel, an auxiliary drive and a coupling, wherein the flywheel drive drives the metal-forming machine at least intermittently, wherein the flywheel is coupled for this purpose to the drive shaft via the coupling and wherein the auxiliary drive is designed as a servo motor and drives the drive shaft. A rotor of the auxiliary drive is permanently connected to the drive shaft in a torque-proof manner for this purpose and the flywheel is coupled to the rotor of the auxiliary drive by means of the coupling for this purpose, in order to drive the drive shaft via said rotor.
Rotating electric machine
To obtain a rotating electric machine with a simple configuration, including a clearance filling member which can be easily assembled to a bearing housing portion without requiring time and does not adversely affect an outer race of a bearing, provided is an AC generator for a vehicle including a resin case (26) including: a case main body portion (30); an extending portion (32) formed integrally with the case main body portion (30), the extending portion (32) extending toward a rotor (6) beyond an end surface of the counter drive-side bearing (25) housed inside the counter drive-side bearing housing portion (24); and a convex portion (33) formed on an outer circumferential surface of the extending portion (32), the convex portion (32) being configured to be held in pressure contact with the inner circumferential wall surface of the counter drive-side bearing housing portion (24).
Wireless power distribution and control system
A wireless power distribution and control system may be used to supply power wirelessly to various devices. The devices in the system may have control over the system and/or over certain features of other devices. For example, a smartphone charging in the wireless power distribution and control system may have access to and control over other devices in the system, such as the overhead lights, or a projector in a conference room. The identification of other devices, as well as commands for controlling these devices may be communicated over the wireless power link. The type and degree of control of each device in that system may vary based on access control levels for the power supplies and connected devices. The devices that receive power may be configured to automatically connect with the power distribution system and to monitor the other devices connected to the system.
Auxiliary power unit for emergency light in case of fire or power failure
An APU for an emergency light in case of a fire or power failure includes: a regular power input unit; an emergency power input unit; a changeover switch configured to switch the power input such that the emergency light is automatically turned on by the emergency power in case of a power failure of the regular power; a firefighting power monitoring relay operated by firefighting power when a fire occurs; a firefighting-power-monitoring-relay contact switch configured to connect power from an ATS to the emergency power input unit in connection with the firefighting power monitoring relay; a fire driving unit operated by the power inputted to the emergency power input unit; and an emergency light auto lighting switch configured to connect the emergency light to the regular power input unit, such that the emergency light is automatically turned on.
Transfer switch with bypass topology
An automatic transfer switch (ATS) for supplying power to a load is provided. The ATS includes a main transfer switch portion configured to connect one of a first or second power source to the load. The ATS also includes a bypass transfer switch portion configured to form a bypass connection from either the first or second power source to the load. The bypass transfer switch portion includes (i) a first bypass switch configured to connect the first power source to the load upon closing of the first bypass switch and (ii) a second bypass switch configured to connect the second power source to the load upon closing of the second bypass switch. Further, the ATS includes a primary load connection connecting the main transfer switch portion to the load, where the primary load connection is formed at least in part by the first and second bypass switches.
Method and apparatus for detecting load fluctuation of wireless power transmission
A method and apparatus to detect load fluctuation of a wireless power transmission are provided. A wireless power transmitter includes a resonator configured to wirelessly transmit, to a target device, an output power. The wireless power transmitter further includes a power detector configured to detect a current of the output power. The wireless power transmitter further includes a controller configured to detect a change in the current, and to detect a target load based on the change in the current. The target load includes a load of which the output power is applied thereto.
Battery pack and method of controlling the same
A battery pack for starting an engine having an idle stop & go (ISG) system in which the engine is repeatedly stopped and restarted to conserve fuel. This battery pack includes: a rechargeable battery; a first ISG current control unit having a variable resistor electrically connected to the rechargeable battery; and a battery management system (BMS) electrically connected to the rechargeable battery and the first ISG current control unit, said BMS sets a resistance value of the variable resistor according to a current mode of the ISG system.
Electronic device and power-source device
Electronic device comprising: processing unit including accepting part accepting processing request from external device and executing process specified by request; secondary battery connected with external power source; and power-source device transitioning to operating state when request is accepted in waiting state, and transitioning to waiting state when processing unit completes executing process, wherein, in waiting state, power supply from external power source to processing unit is stopped and secondary battery supplies power to accepting part, and in operating state, power is supplied from external power source to processing unit. Power-source device includes controller executing first charge control operation to cause external power source to charge secondary battery when, in operating state, voltage of secondary battery is not higher than threshold, and end executing first charge control operation when transitioning to waiting state, controller updating threshold in response to increase in number of times first charge control operation is executed.
A battery pack includes a battery for supplying power to a starter motor of a vehicle, and a battery management unit for monitoring a condition of the battery, and for blocking the supply of power from the battery to the starter motor when a stability condition requirement for the battery is not satisfied.
A mobile terminal is provided that includes a body to be mountable to a first charging apparatus, a current generator to generate an induction current by using a current of the first charging apparatus, and a wireless charger between the current generator and the battery to charge the battery by converting the induction current into a direct current. The mobile terminal may also include a connection port to be electrically connected to the battery and being connectable to a power supply terminal of a second charging apparatus, and a power charging controller to disconnect an electrically connected status between the wireless charger and the battery when the power supply terminal is electrically connected to the connection port.
Load switch having load detection
Conventionally, current detection in load switches is implemented by monitoring the voltage across a small value sense resistor in series with the load switch, where the differential voltage across is applied to a comparator to generate a control signal corresponding to a light load condition, a normal load condition, or an over-load condition. Detecting the light load condition, however, can be difficult to determine using this arrangement due to the low differential voltage. Here, however, a integrated circuit (IC) is provided that employs an internal voltage supply and comparators to examine the load current to determine whether a light load condition is present, which does not suffer from the same problems.
Equalization circuit, power supply system, and vehicle
An equalization circuit includes: discharge sections which are provided correspondingly to secondary batteries respectively, and discharge the corresponding secondary batteries to convert energy resulting from the discharge into heat; a temperature detector which detects a temperature under the converted heat; and an equalization controller which selects a discharge section as a selection discharge section, the selection discharge section corresponding to a secondary battery of the secondary batteries to be discharged, the equalization controller causing the selection discharge section to discharge the corresponding secondary battery, and equalizing electric quantities accumulated in the secondary batteries, wherein if the secondary battery is discharged by the selection discharge section and if the temperature detected by the temperature detector is higher than a predetermined reference temperature, the equalization controller reduces a discharge current to a value lower than a value when the temperature is lower than the reference temperature.
A network system is provided. The network system includes: at least one component selected from an energy receiving unit receiving energy and an energy management unit managing the energy receiving unit. The energy receiving unit or the energy management unit receives energy rate related information; an energy usage amount or a usage rate of when the component is controlled on the basis of at least the energy rate related information is less than that of when the component is controlled without the basis of at least energy rate related information; if the energy rate related information is high cost information, a function of one component constituting the energy receiving unit is limited; and an operating time or an output of the energy receiving unit is adjusted in correspondence to the limited function of one component.
Predictive phase balancing for demand response
Predictive phase balancing is implemented by receiving customer demand profiles from each customer serviced by a poly-phase grid network and creating a demand forecast from anticipated power demands collected from the customer demand profiles. Creating the customer demand profiles includes breaking down loads for each customer by corresponding phases in the poly-phase power grid network. The loads correspond to the anticipated power demands. The predictive phase balancing is further implemented by balancing the loads among each of the phases based on any load imbalances determined from the demand forecast.
Voltage equalization apparatus for connecting power storage unit racks and power storage system including the same
The present disclosure describes a voltage equalization apparatus for equalizing voltages of adjacent power storage unit racks included in a power storage system. The voltage equalization apparatus according to the present disclosure includes a resistor to which a current flowing from a high-voltage unit rack to a low-voltage unit rack is applied; and a circuit breaker for voltage equalization installed on a line through which the current flows.
Electronic device, power supply control chip and power supply control method
The present invention provides an electronic device, a power supply control chip and a power supply control method. The electronic device includes: at least one element (10); a rechargeable battery (12); an adapter socket (14); a first processing circuit (16) having a first operation state and a second operation state; a power supply judgment parameter acquisition module (18) configured to acquire a power supply judgment parameter; and a control module (20) configured to control the first processing circuit to operate in the first or second operation state based on the power supply judgment parameter. In the first operation state, the first processing circuit (16) is configured to convert a first electrical signal output from a adapter into a second electrical signal and charge the rechargeable battery (12) with the second electrical signal. In the second operation state, the first processing circuit (16) is configured to convert a third electrical signal output from the rechargeable battery (12) into a fourth electrical signal and supply power to the at least one element (10) with the fourth electrical signal. With the electronic device, the power supply control chip and the power supply control method according to the present invention, utilization of the rechargeable battery (12) can be improved.
Surge protection circuit
A surge protection circuit, related to the power electronics field. The surge protection circuit includes: an input configured to provide direct current power supply, an output configured to connect to a next circuit, and a cutoff circuit connected to the output; the surge protection circuit further includes: a discharge circuit connected between the input and the cutoff circuit; the discharge circuit includes: a diode and a field-effect transistor; the cathode of the diode is connected to the positive end of the input, and the anode of the diode is connected to the source of the field-effect transistor; the gate of the field-effect transistor is connected to the positive end of the input, the drain of the field-effect transistor is connected to the negative end of the input, and the direction of the parasitic diode of the field-effect transistor is opposite to the direction of the diode.
Inter-area oscillation detection
A device includes interface circuitry. The interface circuitry receives first input signals related to measurements of characteristics of electricity passing through a first power line. The device includes filtering circuitry that filters the first input signals to generate filtered data. The device also includes a processor that estimates an oscillation frequency of the filtered data via a time-domain frequency estimation method.
Installation comprising two batteries joined in parallel
Installation (100; 100′) comprising two batteries joined in parallel with the aid of a first device (1; 1′) for protection of a voltage source (10; 20), comprising: a parallel assembly comprising a controlled breaker (5; 52, 53) and a resistive element (4; 42, 43), a coil (3) arranged in series with the said assembly between, the two batteries, a means (6) of control of the breaker of the said assembly controlled as a function of the voltage difference (V_AB) between the two batteries so that the controlled breaker is closed when the voltage difference becomes less than a first threshold (threshold 1) and that the controlled breaker is open when the voltage difference becomes greater than a second threshold (threshold 2).
Memory short protection system
Memory short detection systems and methods include a power supply system with first power rail. A memory system includes a memory device connector that is configured to couple to a memory device and includes a first pin that is coupled to the first power rail and a second pin located adjacent the first pin. A short detection circuit is coupled to the first pin. The short detection circuit is configured to provide a first voltage from the first power rail, compare the first voltage to a first short detection voltage, and determine whether a short exists across the first pin and the second pin based on the comparing of the first voltage to the first short detection voltage. If a short is determined to exist across the first pin and the second pin, power is prevented from being provided to the memory device connector.
Electrical outlet wall plate configured for cable retention
An electrical outlet wall plate is configured for cable retention and the wall plate includes: a front and back side; one or more openings having a shape configured to receive an outlet socket protrusion; one or more holes having a shape configured to receive a fastener; and one or more hybrid cleats extruding from the front side, each hybrid cleat including two horns extending from the front side in opposite directions at an angle with respect to the front side so as to define a tapered space between the horn and the front side, the tapered space being the widest at the end of the horn and tapering to the narrowest where the horn contacts the front side, the tapered space configured to receive an electrical cable, the electrical cable being jammed in the tapered space between the horn and the front side of the wall plate.
Utility meter box and meter box cover
Provided is a meter box, a meter box cover and methods and apparatuses related to meter boxes and meter box covers. The meter box and meter box cover may include features which allow the meter box and meter box cover to be secured to each other and may be manufactured from materials which allow automated reading of a meter positioned within an enclosed meter box using wireless signal transmission methods.
Vertical cable manager
A cable manager includes one or more cable manager units. Each cable manager unit includes a pair of side cable guides, each comprised of a plurality of finger-like projections extending forwardly from a support column. At least one of the pair of support columns has a socket arranged at a side thereof. Each cable manager unit further includes a separate midsection member capable of insertion into the socket for interconnecting the pair of side cable guides.
Roll-by spacer and trolley system for use with a wire and methods thereof
A roll-by spacer and trolley system for use with a wire and method thereof is provided. The system includes a trolley having at least one rotatable wheel. The rotatable wheel has a first wire contact surface positioned to contact and roll along the wire. A spacer is suspended from the trolley with a connecting element between the trolley and the spacer. The connecting element has a first position wherein the trolley and spacer are connected and a second position wherein the trolley and spacer are disconnected. A wire engagement structure is connected to the spacer. The wire engagement structure has a second wire contact surface that contacts the wire when the connecting element is in the second position. The second wire contact surface is positioned above first wire contact surface when the connecting element is in the first position.
Brush holder apparatus, brush assembly, and method
Devices and methods of use for brush holder assemblies are disclosed. Brush holder assemblies including a mounting block and a brush holder are disclosed. Also illustrated is a brush holder assembly including a first portion in sliding engagement with a second portion. In some embodiments the brush holder includes a channel, such that at least a portion of the mounting block is disposed within the channel of the brush holder.
Electronic/electrical connecting arrangement
The invention relates to an electronic/electrical connecting arrangement (2) with a first housing part (28) and a second housing part (30), which can be brought along an assembly axis (M1) into a connecting position in which they form a first connection contour (41), which is connectable to the first contacting element (4), and a second connection contour (50). A connecting conductor (22) is received in the housing of the connecting element (8), the connecting conductor having first contacting means (24) on the first connection contour (41) that can be brought into electrical/electronic contact with the first conductor (10) in a first contact plane (KE1), and second contacting means (26) on the second connection contour (50) that can be brought into electrical/electronic contact with the second conductor (20) in a second contact plane (KE2) different from the first contact plane (KE1).
Plug connector and method of manufacturing the same
To make it possible to connect a flat signal-transmission medium to a plug connector efficiently and surely with a simple configuration where the number of components are reduced. A pair of shell pieces where a flat signal-transmission medium is inserted are connected openably and closably by shell connecting parts, and in at least one of the shell pieces, a retaining engaging pawl which is engaged with a part of the flat signal-transmission medium and holds the flat signal-transmission medium when a closed state is made is provided, and only by making a conductive shell into the closed state after the flat signal-transmission medium is made to be inserted into the conductive shell 11 which is in an opened state, the retaining engaging pawl is made to be into an engagement state with a part of the flat signal-transmission medium and the flat signal-transmission medium is held without a backlash in the conductive shell, and thereby, attaching of the flat signal-transmission medium is configured to be performed easily and satisfactorily.
Electrical outlet receptacle access relocation device
A self-contained, readily adaptable electrical receptacle outlet relocation device comprising; an adaptor housing having a plurality of conductors connected in common with building mains extending outward at rear of housing, and adaptable to an existing duplex receptacle receiving and transferring mains power only therefrom, providing no electrical plug in access, and wherein mains transferring through conductors in common by wiring therein adaptor and through flexible electrical conduit attached and secured within adaptor by a conduit connector having a concave groove at one housing end that provides method of attachment to adaptor, and conduit to receiver housing, connected thereto conduit and wire of adaptor having same conduit connector groove as attachment method and wire connected in common therein receiver to at least one corresponding duplex receptacle attached therein as the relocated receptacle option and provides multiple adjustment options to receiver, horizontally left or right, vertically up or down, and any combination thereof allowing novice individuals to temporarily or permanently relocate an existing hidden or difficult to access electrical receptacle, by the alternative receptacle of device, to an adjacent location for easier and safer receptacle access.
Compression method for electric wire and electric wire with terminal obtained thereby
An electric wire with terminal includes: a waterproof seal sleeve that is attached to a tip of a conductor part of a covered electric wire from which a covering section is removed; an inner terminal that is compressed in an area containing a boundary between the conductor part and the covering section of the covered electric wire; and an outer terminal which includes an electric connection section connected to a mating terminal, a compression section having a front part, a center part and a rear part, and an interconnecting section that connects the electric connection section with the compression section. The front part of the compression section compresses the waterproof seal sleeve, the center part of the compression section compresses the conductor part, and the rear part of the compression section compresses a front part of the inner terminal.
Control unit for a vehicle and method for producing a control unit for a vehicle
The present invention relates to a control unit for a vehicle, in particular for an ABS device and/or an ESP device, comprising a housing part (2) which is produced from plastic and has an opening (21), and a motor contact (5) which produces an electrical contact between the control unit and a motor and which is arranged in the opening (21), wherein the motor contact (5) is a separate component and comprises at least one electric contact (6) and a base body (7) produced from plastic, wherein the motor contact (5) is arranged in the opening (21) in such a manner that the motor contact (5) partially protrudes from the housing part (2), and wherein the motor contact (5) is fastened to the housing part (2) by means of a connecting structure (8) between the base body (7) of the motor contact and the housing (2). Furthermore, the present invention relates to a method for producing a control unit for a vehicle, comprising the following steps: separately producing a housing part (2) and a motor contact (5), wherein the motor contact (5) has at least one electric contact (6) and a base body (7) produced from plastic, and fitting the motor contact (5) into an opening (21), which is formed in the housing part (2), in such a manner that a connecting structure between the base body (7) and the housing part (2) is produced, wherein the connecting structure is an ultrasound welding connection, an adhesive bonding connection and/or a latching connection.
Stacking connector for military applications
An electrical connector assembly adapted for military use comprising a high density maintenance connector which supports high bandwidth video export and low level maintenance functions, a lower density I/O connector, the stacking feature allows multiple branches in distribution center, custom to each user, and the programmability allows for identical cables/stacking connectors to be used in different configurations.
Metal leaf-spring-type connector for electronic cigarette devices
The present invention discloses a metal leaf-spring-type connector used for electronic cigarette devices. The connector comprises a leaf spring component and a connector component. The leaf spring component comprises a central columnar negative electrode leaf spring, and at least one positive electrode leaf spring disposed outside the negative electrode leaf spring. The connector component comprises a hollow central columnar negative electrode connector, and a positive electrode connector disposed outside the negative electrode connector. When the leaf spring component and the connector component are inserted and plugged together, the negative electrode leaf spring is inserted into the circular hole of the negative electrode connector to electrically connect with the negative electrode connector. The positive electrode connector is inserted into a void between the negative electrode leaf spring and the positive electrode leaf spring.
Male blade electrical connector
An electrical connector includes a compliant attachment at a first end of the electrical connector, the ferrule-like attachment configured to be received by a printed circuit board; a male blade at a second end of the electrical connector extending from the first end along a longitudinal axis; the male blade configured to removably engage a female blade electrical connector, the male blade having a first side flap and a second side flap, the first side flap and second side flap each having an edge and each of the first side flap and second side flap folded over upon itself such that the edges of the first and second side flaps substantially oppose each other along the longitudinal axis; an intermediate region between the ferrule-like attachment and the male blade, wherein at least one of the first side flap and the second side flap includes a support tab that extends into the intermediate region.
Connector having a contact with contact surfaces inclined in opposite directions
[Problem(s)]A board to board connector is disclosed to provide desirable electrical connection between contacts.[Means to Solve the Problem(s)]A board to board connector according to the present invention comprises a male connector 10 and a female connector 20. The male connector 10 comprises a pair of male contacts 100A, 100B and the female connector 20 comprises a pair of female contacts 200A, 200B. The male contacts 100A, 100B comprise protruding portions 109A, 109B which are elastically deformable, and the female contacts 200A, 200B comprise contact portions 208A, 208B which contact the protruding portion 109A, 109B. The contact portion 208B comprises a first inclined surface 201 A which inclines in a direction perpendicular to another direction in which the protruding portion moves and a second inclined surface 210B.
Systems and methods for stacking compression connectors
In accordance with embodiments of the present disclosure, a circuit board comprising may include a substrate, a primary compression connector, and a second compression connector. The substrate may have a first side and a second side and may have formed therein a substrate retention channel. The primary compression connector may be coupled to the first side and have formed thereon a primary connector retention channel aligned with the substrate retention channel. The second compression connector may be coupled to the second side opposite from the first compression connector and may have formed thereon a secondary connector retention channel aligned with the substrate retention channel and the primary connector retention channel to define a circuit board retention channel.
Contact member between a substrate and a device and electrical connector comprising such a contact member
A contact member establishes an electrical contact between a substrate and a first device. The contact member includes: a base extending substantially along a plane (P) and having a first surface that can be fixed on to the substrate, and a second surface (68) opposite the first surface along a normal direction (N) substantially perpendicular to the said plane. The second surface can be located face-to-face with the first device. At least one tongue can be integrally attached to the base. The tongue is flexible between a rest position, in which a distal end of the tongue is located at a distance away from the base on the side of the second surface along the normal direction, and a flexed position.
Selective metalization of electrical connector or socket housing
A electrical interconnect adapted to provide an interface between contact pads on an IC device and a PCB, including a multi-layered substrate with a first surface with a plurality of first openings having first cross-sections, a second surface with a plurality of second openings having second cross-sections, and center openings connecting the first and second openings. The contact members include first contact tips extending through the first opening and above the first surface, second contact tips extending through the second openings and above the second surface, and center portions located in the center openings. The center portions include a shape adapted to bias the first and second contact tips toward the IC device and PCB, respectively. A dielectric material different from the material of the substrate is located in at least one of the first opening, the second opening, or the center opening.
Electronic substrate connecting structure
An electronic substrate connecting structure is used to electrically connect a pair of electronic substrates arranged to face each other. The electronic substrate connecting structure includes a plurality of pins erected on one of the electronic substrates to electrically connect the one of the electronic substrates and the other electronic substrate, and a pin guide that has a plurality of guide holes where the pins are inserted and defines positions of the pins such that the pins are connectable to the other electronic substrate while the pins are installed in the one of the electronic substrates.
Electrical connector and conductive terminal thereof
A conductive terminal includes a base having a plate shape; a welding portion extending from an end of the base and forms an angle with the base; a first positioning portion extending from the end of the base opposite to the welding portion; a second positioning portion extending from the end of the base opposite to the welding portion, the first positioning portion and the second positioning portion are formed on the both sides of the base and spaced apart from each other, being coplanar with the base; a bending portion located between the first positioning portion and the second positioning portion; an elastic arm extending from the bending portion along a direction opposite to the bending portion; and a contact portion configured to be electrically connected to a chip module.
Swaging structure for metallic members and bus bar using the same
A swaging structure for metallic members includes a metallic plate having a hole portion, and a disc-shaped conductive member which is fitted in the hole portion and fixed to the metallic plate by swaging a circumference of the hole portion. The metallic plate includes a groove portion provided in at least one surface side of the metallic plate about the hole portion of the metallic plate, and the conductive member includes a vertical flange provided on an outer circumference of the conductive member and protruding from the at least one surface side. The conductive member is fitted in the hole portion of the metallic plate, and when the conductive member is swaged onto the metallic plate, the vertical flange of the conductive member is deformed, and the groove portion of the metallic plate is filled with the deformed vertical flange.
Compact circular polarization antenna system with reduced cross-polarization component
A compact GNSS antenna system reduces directional diagram level in the rear hemisphere primarily for LHCP component. It can be used for reducing multipath reception. A dual-band antenna system for receiving radio signals includes an active Microstrip Patch (MP) High Frequency (HF) circularly-polarized radiator disposed directly on a radiating patch of an active MP low-frequency (LF) radiator. The radiating patch of the active MP LF radiator serves as a ground plane of the MP HF radiator. A loop HF radiator is coaxially arranged around the ground plane of the MP HF radiator. A passive LF radiator is under the ground plane of the active MP LF radiator. A loop LF radiator is axially located around the ground plane of the active MP LF radiator. The loop HF radiator and the loop LF radiator are each excited by a transmission line and a power circuit to generate RHCP waves.
Structural body, printed substrate, antenna, transmission line waveguide converter, array antenna, and electronic device
A structure of the present disclosure is provided with a first conductor element (11), a conductor pattern (19) facing the first conductor element (11). In the conductor pattern (19), a part opposed to the first conductor element (11) includes a line part (14) with an open end (141), an opening (13) partially surrounding the line part (14) and a second conductor element (12) surrounding the opening (13) and being continuous to the line part (14). The first conductor element (11) and the line part (14) make up a microstrip line (16).
MEMS module, variable reactance circuit and antenna device
Provided is a MEMS module that includes a MEMS element having a first capacitor electrode that can be displaced, a second capacitor electrode that opposes the first capacitor electrode, and driving electrodes that cause the first capacitor electrode to be displaced. The driving electrodes are connected to a control unit that applies a driving voltage to the driving electrodes and monitor terminals for detecting power. Thus, an element for monitoring power is not needed and a MEMS module, a variable reactance circuit and an antenna device are provided that are capable of realizing smaller size and lower loss.
Antennaless wireless device capable of operation in multiple frequency regions
The present invention refers to an antenna less wireless handheld or portable device comprising a communication module including a radiating system capable of transmitting and receiving electromagnetic wave signals in a first frequency region and in a second frequency region, wherein the highest frequency of the first frequency region is lower than the lowest frequency of the second frequency region. The radiating system comprising a radiating structure and at least one internal port, wherein the input impedance of the radiating structure at the/each internal port when disconnected from the radiofrequency system has an imaginary part not equal to zero for any frequency of the first frequency region; and wherein said radiofrequency system modifies the impedance of the radiating structure, providing impedance matching to the radiating system in the at least two frequency regions of operation of the radiating system.
Antenna with switchable inductor low-band tuning
Electronic devices may be provided that contain wireless communications circuitry. The wireless communications circuitry may include radio-frequency transceiver circuitry and antennas. An antenna may be formed from an antenna resonating element arm and an antenna ground. The antenna resonating element arm may have a shorter portion that resonates at higher communications band frequencies and a longer portion that resonates at lower communications band frequencies. A short circuit branch may be coupled between the shorter portion of the antenna resonating element arm and the antenna ground. A series-connected inductor and switch may be coupled between the longer portion of the antenna resonating element arm and the antenna ground. An antenna feed branch may be coupled between the antenna resonating element arm and the antenna ground at a location that is between the short circuit branch and the series-connected inductor and switch.
Antenna for satellite communication
Provided is a satellite communication antenna, including a signal transmitting/receiving section for receiving signals from a satellite and transmitting the signals to the satellite; a driving section for rotating the signal transmitting/receiving section so that the signal transmitting/receiving section tracks the satellite; a main post, provided in a longitudinal direction, for supporting the driving section; and a vibration absorption section, provided to a circumference of the main post, for preventing vibrations or impacts from transferring into the signal transmitting/receiving section, thereby to attenuate vibrations or impacts acting on the signal transmitting/receiving section in up and down direction.
Stress relieved high power RF circuit
The present invention is directed to an RF device that includes a laminate structure having a ceramic layer having a predetermined thermal conductivity that is a function of a predetermined RF device operating temperature. The ceramic layer forms a first major surface of the laminate structure and a second major ceramic surface is bonded to a layer of thermoplastic material that is, in turn, bonded to a conductive layer. The thermoplastic material has a coefficient of thermal expansion that substantially matches the conductive layer. A first circuit arrangement is disposed on the first major surface of the laminate structure and it includes a first RF circuit structure having a predetermined geometry and predetermined electrical characteristics. The laminate structure is configured to dissipate thermal energy generated by the at least one first RF circuit structure via substantially the entire second major surface of the laminate structure.
Resonance device and filter including the same
A resonance device including a plurality of resonators arranged in a state of being spaced apart from each other; and a notch resonator formed above the plurality of resonators, wherein the notch resonator includes: a transverse layer having an area overlapping with at least three resonators of the plurality of resonators; and a plurality of short-ended layers connecting the transverse layer to a first ground surface.
Battery pack injected with phase change material
The present invention provides a battery pack injected with phase change material, comprising a plurality of battery modules consisting of a plurality of stacked battery cells and a pack case housing the battery modules. The battery pack is hermetic, and injected with hydrofluoroether. The pressure in the pack case is between −0.09 MPa and −0.01 MPa.
Electric vehicle propulsion system and method utilizing solid-state rechargeable electrochemical cells
A vehicle propulsion system comprising a plurality of solid state rechargeable battery cells configured to power a drivetrain is disclosed. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, a transportation system that is powered at least in part by electricity stored in the form of rechargeable electrochemical cells. According to an embodiment of the present invention, these cells are combined in series and in parallel to form a pack that is regulated by charge and discharge control circuits that are programmed with algorithms to monitor state of charge, battery lifetime, and battery health.
A battery system having a battery, an overcurrent switch-off device in which a first current range with a maximum switchable current, and a second switch-off current range having a minimum switchable current. The maximum switchable current of the first current range and the minimum switchable current of the second current range lie above a maximum current of an operating current range, and the switchable current of the second switch-off current range is at least predominantly greater than the switchable current of the first switch-off current range.
Secondary battery cell, battery pack, and electric power consumption device
Provided is a secondary battery cell that can certainly prevent detachment of an integrated circuit from the secondary battery cell and attachment of the integrated circuit to another secondary battery cell, a battery pack including such secondary battery cells, and an electric power consumption device including such a battery pack.A secondary battery cell 20 of the present invention includes an integrated circuit (an IC chip) 50 that has stored identification information, and the integrated circuit 50 is driven by power from the secondary battery cell. A battery pack of the present invention includes secondary battery cells each including an integrated circuit (an IC chip) that has stored identification information, and the integrated circuits are driven by power from the secondary battery cells. An electric power consumption device of the present invention contains a battery pack that includes secondary battery cells each including an integrated circuit (an IC chip) that has stored identification information, and the integrated circuits are driven by power from the secondary battery cells.
Current collector, negative electrode and battery
A current collector includes a first principal plane and a second principal plane. In the current collector, the roughness of the first principal plane and second principal plane being mutually different.
Physically cross-linked gel electrolyte
An electrochemical battery cell of a lithium ion battery has a physically cross-linked gel electrolyte situated between a negative electrode and a positive electrode. The gel electrolyte includes a block co-polymer host and a liquid electrolyte, which can transport lithium ions, absorbed into the block co-polymer host. The block co-polymer host includes poly(alkylene oxide) block units and physically cross-linkable block units. A few preferred physically cross-linkable block units that may be employed include polyamide block units and poly(terephthalate)ester block units.
Nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery and method for manufacturing the same
The nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery includes: a positive electrode containing a positive-electrode active material; a negative electrode; and a nonaqueous electrolyte. The positive-electrode active material contains a lithium-containing oxide obtained by ion-exchanging part of sodium in a cobalt-containing oxide containing lithium, sodium, and titanium with lithium.
Methods of and factories for thin-film battery manufacturing
Methods of and factories for thin-film battery manufacturing are described. A method includes operations for fabricating a thin-film battery. A factory includes one or more tool sets for fabricating a thin-film battery.
Method for manufacturing a solid oxide fuel cell element by layer-wise buildup and solid oxide fuel cell element
A method for manufacturing a solid oxide fuel cell element by layer-wise buildup wherein at least one section of the element is built up by carrying out a step that at least includes the following at least once: applying a layer section of a particulate ceramic material with predefined dimensions onto a base layer in a predefined area and heating the layer section by means of a heat source such that the particles of the ceramic material connect to one another within the predefined dimensions. The solid oxide fuel cell element manufactured with the method is realized in one piece, as well as highly compact, and has a low weight.
Composite membranes, methods of making same, and applications of same
In one aspect of the present invention, a method of fabricating a composite membrane includes: forming a first polymer solution from a first polymer and a second polymer solution from a second polymer, respectively, where the first polymer includes a charged polymer and the second polymer includes an uncharged polymer; electrospinning, separately and simultaneously, the first and second polymer solutions to form a dual fiber mat with first polymer fibers and second polymer fibers; and processing the dual fiber mat by softening and flowing one of the first or second polymer fibers to fill in the void space between the other of the first and second polymer fibers so as to form the composite membrane. In some embodiments, the composite membrane may be a proton exchange membrane (PEM) or an anion exchange membrane (AEM).
Fuel cell stack
A fuel cell stack has an asymmetrical triangular inlet buffer. An inlet connection channel connects a coolant supply passage on the upper side and the inlet buffer, and an inlet connection channel connects a coolant supply passage on the lower side and the inlet buffer. The number of flow grooves in the inlet connection channel is different from the number of flow grooves in the inlet connection channel.
A nanofibrous catalyst and method of manufacture. A precursor solution of a transition metal based material is formed into a plurality of interconnected nanofibers by electro-spinning the precursor solution with the nanofibers converted to a catalytically active material by a heat treatment. Selected subsequent treatments can enhance catalytic activity.
Negative electrode for nonaqueous electrolyte secondary cell, method of manufacturing the same, and nonaqueous electrolyte secondary cell
A negative electrode for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary cell, includes: a negative electrode active material layer containing a negative electrode active material, a polyvinylidene fluoride component including polyvinylidene fluoride and/or a derivative having polyvinylidene fluoride as a main chain, a styrene-butadiene component including a styrene-butadiene polymer and/or a derivative having a styrene-butadiene polymer as a main chain, a nonionic surfactant having an HLB of 10 to 15, and N-methylpyrrolidone; and a foil-shaped negative electrode current collector provided with the negative electrode active material layer on at least one principal surface of the collector.
Metal phosphate containing manganese and method for its production
A manganese(Mn)-bearing monometal phosphate of the type Mn3(PO4)2.3H2O or mixed-metal phosphate of the type (Mnx, Mety)3(PO4)2.3H2O, wherein x+y=1 and Met represents one or more metals selected from Fe, Co, Ni, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Cu, Zn, Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Al, Zr, Hf, Re, Ru, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu, characterized in that in the X-ray powder diffraction diagram the phosphate has peaks at 10.96±0.05, 12.78±0.17, 14.96±0.13, 17.34±0.15, 18.98±0.18, 21.75±0.21, 22.07±0.11, 22.97±0.10, 25.93±0.25, 26.95±0.30, 27.56±0.10, 29.19±0.12, 29.84±0.21, 30.27±0.12, 34.86±0.21, 35.00±0.20, 35.33±0.30, 35.58±0.10, 35.73±0.12, 42.79±0.45, 43.37±0.45, 44.70±0.15 and 44.93±0.20 degrees two-theta, based on CuKα-radiation.
Negative electrode for use in secondary battery and secondary battery including the same
A secondary battery includes: a fiber negative electrode having a surface on which a negative electrode active material coating is formed, the coating containing a compound of AaMbXcZd; a fiber positive electrode including a positive electrode active material coating containing nickel hydroxide; an aqueous electrolyte solution; and a separator. The negative electrode coating has an uncoated surface. A is selected from the group consisting of Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba; M is selected from the group consisting of Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Nb, Mo, Ru, Pd, Ag, Ta, W, Pr, Sm, Eu, and Pb; X is selected from the group consisting of B, Al, Si, P, S, Ga, and Ge; Z is selected from the group consisting of O, S, N, F, Cl, Br, and I; and 0≦a≦6, 1≦b≦5, 0≦c≦4, 0
High performance lithium or lithium ion cell
Disclosed herein are lithium or lithium-ion batteries that employ an aluminum or aluminum alloy current collector protected by conductive coating in combination with electrolyte containing aluminum corrosion inhibitor and a fluorinated lithium imide or methide electrolyte which exhibit surprisingly long cycle life at high temperature.
Rechargeable organosodium polymer battery
Technologies are generally described for electrochemical cells and batteries containing electrochemical cells. An electrochemical cell may incorporate two types of conducting polymers each located at an electrode, a cation, a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon radical anion that contacts one of the conducting polymers, and an electrolyte. The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon radical anion may be a covalent substituent of one of the conducting polymers or may be in noncovalent contact with one of the conducting polymers. The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon radical anion may permit the use of cations other than lithium, e.g. an alkali metal cation such as sodium or alkali earth metal cation such as calcium. Such an electrochemical cell may provide alternative batteries to existing lithium ion batteries, permitting the use of cations that may be more abundant, more easily extracted, or more sustainable compared to known lithium supplies.
Connection plate for battery terminals and method for manufacturing connection plate for battery terminals
A connection plate for battery terminals capable of inhibiting a first member and a second member from being detached from each other is provided. This bus bar 2 (connection plate for battery terminals) includes a first member (3) including a first hole (30) and an embedding hole (31), made of first metal and a second member (4) having a second hole (42), including a base (40) made of second metal, embedded in the embedding hole of the first member, while an intermetallic compound layer (5) containing at least one of the first metal and the second metal is formed on an interface between the embedding hole of the first member and the second member.
Electrode assembly and electrochemical device including the same
Disclosed is a technology for preventing electrodes in a secondary battery from being short-circuited with each other. An electrode assembly includes a cathode and anode of which a cathode collector and anode collector are coated with a cathode active material and anode active material, respectively, and a separator disposed between the cathode and the anode. An insulation layer is disposed on a tab part of the cathode collector constituting the cathode. Thus, an insulation layer may be disposed on an end (a tab part) of the cathode collector that is used as a tab of the cathode electrode in the structure of the electrode assembly to prevent the cathode from being physically short-circuited with the anode in the sequentially stacked structure of cathode/separator/anode.
A battery pack may include a drainage device provided at a bottom portion of the housing case. The drainage device may include a drain hole communicating between the inside and the outside of the housing case, so that water introduced into the housing case is discharged to the outside of the housing case. The drainage device may be disposed between two of the terminal members that are connected to electrodes of the battery cells.
A battery pack including a bare cell having an electrode assembly, a case housing the electrode assembly, and a plurality of electrode taps electrically coupled to the electrode assembly, each of the electrode taps having an electrode connection portion; and a plurality of electrode terminals each including a plurality of elastically deformable portions, wherein each of the electrode terminals is electrically coupled to one of the electrode taps, wherein the electrode connection portion of a respective one of the electrode taps is coupled between the elastically deformable portions of a respective one of the electrode terminals.
Display panel and method for fabrication thereof
A display panel is provided. The display panel includes a substrate, a pixel array, a peripheral circuit, and a protective layer. The substrate includes a display region and a non-display region. The pixel array is located in the display region of the substrate. The peripheral circuit is located in the non-display region. The protective layer is located in the display region and the non-display region. The peripheral circuit and the pixel array are covered by the protective layer. The protective layer in the non-display region has a plurality of openings, which expose the substrate. The apertures of the openings is between 1 μm and 1 mm, and the spacing between the openings is 10 μm and 1 cm.
Method of manufacturing capacitor, method of manufacturing organic light emitting display device including the capacitor, and organic light emitting display device manufactured by using the method
A method of manufacturing an organic light emitting display device includes: providing a capacitor on a substrate; providing a protection layer on the capacitor; providing an organic light emitting diode on the protection layer; and providing an encapsulation layer which encapsulates the organic light emitting diode. The providing the capacitor includes: providing a bottom electrode including an oxide semiconductor, on the substrate; providing an insulation layer on the substrate and overlapping the bottom electrode; annealing the bottom electrode to increase a carrier density of the bottom electrode; and providing an intermediate electrode on the insulation layer and overlapping the bottom electrode.
Organic light emitting display device
An organic light emitting display device, and more particularly, to an organic light emitting display device that reduces (or prevents) penetration of moisture into ends of inorganic layers and a lifting phenomenon between inorganic layers, by increasing areas of a plurality of inorganic layers included in a thin film encapsulation layer in sequence.
Method of manufacturing OLED display apparatus
An organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display apparatus and a method of manufacturing the OLED display apparatus, the apparatus includes anode electrodes having different thicknesses for different types of sub-pixels.
OLED display device, method for manufacturing the same, and OLED display apparatus
The present disclosure provides an OLED display device, a method for manufacturing the same, and an OLED display apparatus. The OLED device includes: a base substrate, an anode layer, a hole injection layer, a hole transport layer, a light emitting material layer, an electron transport layer, an electron injection layer, a cathode layer and a packaging layer, wherein the hole injection layer, the hole transport layer, the electron transport layer and/or the electron injection layer are doped with a water-absorbing organic compound and an oxygen-absorbing organic compound.
Encapsulation structure and encapsulating method of OLED device
An encapsulation structure for OLED device comprises a glass substrate, a glass cover plate, an OLED device and a sealing layer. The glass substrate has a recessed portion, the glass cover plate is located at an opening of the recessed portion, and a periphery of the glass cover plate and the glass substrate are bonded through a frit barricade formed by melted glass powders, so that the glass cover plate and the glass substrate have an integral structure, a closed cavity is formed by the glass cover plate and the recessed portion, and both the OLED device and the sealing layer are located within the closed cavity. With the above encapsulation structure, water vapor and oxygen gas can be prevented from entering the OLED device, and service life of the OLED device is prolonged. There is further disclosed an encapsulating method.
Organic light-emitting display device and method of fabricating the same
The present invention relates to an organic light-emitting display device and a method of fabricating the same. The device may include a base substrate, a thin-film transistor disposed on the base substrate, an organic light-emitting device including a first electrode connected to the thin-film transistor, an organic pattern disposed on the first electrode, and a second electrode disposed on the organic pattern. The device further includes an auxiliary electrode including a connection part and a non-connection part, the connection part being connected to the second electrode. The width of the connection part may be less than that of the non-connection part, when measured in the direction perpendicular to a current flow.
Organic light-emitting display device and method of manufacturing the same
An organic light-emitting display device and a method of manufacturing the same. The organic light-emitting display device includes: a substrate; an active layer on the substrate; a gate electrode insulated from the active layer and overlapping the active layer; a source electrode including a first source electrode layer connected to the active layer and a second source electrode layer connected to the first source electrode layer and being larger than the first source electrode layer; a drain electrode including a first drain electrode layer connected to the active layer and a second drain electrode layer connected to the first drain electrode layer and being larger than the first drain electrode layer; a first electrode electrically connected to the source electrode or the drain electrode; an intermediate layer on the first electrode and including an organic emission layer; and a second electrode on the intermediate layer.
Organic light emitting display device and method of manufacturing the same
An organic light emitting display device including: a plurality of first wirings extending in a first direction; and a plurality of second wirings extending in a second direction that crosses the first direction, wherein at least one of the plurality of first wirings includes a first conductive layer and a second conductive layer that extends from an upper portion of the first conductive layer to the same layer as the first conductive layer or a lower layer than the first conductive layer.
Composite including nanoparticles, methods, and products including a composite
A composite comprising a first layer comprising a first material including nanoparticles dispersed therein, wherein the first material comprises a material capable of transporting charge, a second layer comprising a second material, and a backing element that is removably attached to the uppermost layer of the composite or the lowermost layer of the composite. In certain preferred embodiments, a least a portion of the nanoparticles include a ligand attached to a surface thereof. Methods are also disclosed. Products including a composite is further provided. Composite materials can be particularly well-suited for use, for example, in products useful in various optical, electronic, optoelectronic, magnetic, or catalytic devices.
Organic display device and manufacturing method
An organic display device and a manufacturing method are disclosed. The organic display device comprises: an organic light-emitting layer (15) located between an anode layer (13) and a cathode layer (14), and the organic light-emitting layer (15) comprises a plurality of pore-walls (16) formed of an organic material and a plurality of pores (17) to be filled with an organic light-emitting material (18). By delimiting the space of an organic light-emitting layer (15) into a plurality of pores (17), with each pore (17) occupying a smaller area of a pixel, the method reduces the inkjet-printing area, and increases the process tolerance of an inkjet-printing process, and further the method makes the inkjet-printing technology less dependent on the pixel size, shape, and other design factors, and thus the freedom degree of position-alignment becomes greater.
Lighting module with optimized contacting
A lighting module or an organic solar cell, including two plate-type electrodes and an active material located between the two electrodes. In the module, one of the two electrodes includes a transparent material and is provided with a grid structure with at least one metallic conductor track running on the surface or in the material of the electrode, only some sections of the conductor track being connected to the electrode material.
Solar cell and method for manufacturing the same
Disclosed is a solar cell including a first electrode, a second electrode, and a first conversion layer disposed therebetween. The first electrode is closer to a light incident side than the second electrode. The first conversion layer is a composition-gradient perovskite. A part of the first conversion layer adjacent to the first electrode has an energy gap less than that of a part of the first conversion layer adjacent to the second electrode.
Organic electroluminescent element material, organic electroluminescent element composition, organic electroluminescent element, display device, and lighting device
A polymer comprising a repeating unit represented by the following formula (1) and a cross-linkable group wherein Ar11 to Ar17, R11, R12 and r are as defined; and an organic electroluminescent element containing at least one organic layer containing a network polymer formed by cross-linking the polymer, the layer being a hole injection layer or a hole transporting layer.
Laminating apparatus and method of manufacturing organic light-emitting display using the same
In a laminating apparatus and a method of manufacturing an organic light-emitting display, the laminating apparatus includes a heater which generates heat and the heating member which transfers heat received from the heater to a donor film. The heating member includes a first conducting layer which receives heat from the heater, a second conducting layer which is formed on the first conducting layer and which has a thermal conductivity different from that of the first conducting layer, and a third conducting layer which is formed on the second conducting layer and which has a thermal conductivity different from that of the second conducting layer.
Patterning method for OLEDs
Methods of fabricating a device having laterally patterned first and second sub-devices, such as subpixels of an OLED, are provided. Exemplary methods may include depositing via organic vapor jet printing (OVJP) a first organic layer of the first sub-device and a first organic layer of the second sub-device. The first organic layer of the first sub-device and the first organic layer of the second sub-device are both the same type of layer, but have different thicknesses. The type of layer is selected from an ETL, an HTL, an HIL, a spacer and a capping layer.
Method for generating quantized anomalous hall effect
A method for generating quantum anomalous Hall effect is provided. A topological insulator quantum well film in 3QL to 5QL is formed on an insulating substrate. The topological insulator quantum well film is doped with a first element and a second element to form the magnetically doped topological insulator quantum well film. The doping of the first element and the second element respectively introduce hole type charge carriers and electron type charge carriers in the magnetically doped topological insulator quantum well film, to decrease the carrier density of the magnetically doped topological insulator quantum well film to be smaller than or equal to 1×1013 cm−2. One of the first element and the second element magnetically dopes the topological insulator quantum well film. An electric field is applied to the magnetically doped topological insulator quantum well film to decrease the carrier density.
Magnetic tunnel junction device
A magnetic tunnel junction device includes: a first magnetic layer that has an easy axis vertical to a surface; a non-magnetic layer on the first magnetic layer; and a second magnetic layer that has an easy axis vertical to a surface on the non-magnetic layer, and an interface layer formed of a Heussler alloy between the non-magnetic layer and at least one of the first and second magnetic layers. The at least one of the first and second magnetic layers is formed of MnGa. A lattice constant of the interface layer parallel to a major surface thereof in a bulk state thereof is between a lattice constant of the non-magnetic layer parallel to a major surface thereof in a bulk state thereof and a lattice constant of the at least one of the first and second magnetic layers parallel to a major surface thereof in a bulk state thereof.
Hall sensor semiconductor component and method for operating the hall sensor semiconductor component
The Hall sensor semiconductor component comprises an arrangement of at least two Hall sensors (1, 2) with signal connections (11, 13, 21, 23) and supply connections (12, 14, 22, 24), and a switching network, which varies the positions of the supply connections in successive phases and connects the Hall sensors in series in each phase via the respective signal connections.
Semiconductor device and method of manufacturing the same
A semiconductor device includes a substrate, a magnetic shield plate, a semiconductor element, a sealing layer, and a magnetic shield film. The magnetic shield plate includes a plate portion disposed along the substrate, inclined portions extending in obliquely upward directions from opposite edges of the plate portion, and arcuate portions disposed at tip ends of the inclined portions. The semiconductor element is mounted on the plate portion. The sealing layer seals the semiconductor element and the plate portion and the inclined portions of the magnetic shield plate. At least a part of each of the arcuate portions is exposed on a surface of the sealing layer. The magnetic shield film covers an upper surface of the sealing layer and is in contact with each of the arcuate portions.
Drive circuit including connection path selection sections and voltage generation section
A drive circuit is adapted to charge and discharge a first capacitive load and a second capacitive load. The drive circuit includes a first connection path selection section, a second connection path selection section and a voltage generation section. The first connection path selection section is configured to selectively supply a plurality of voltages to the first capacitive load. The first connection path selection section is arranged so as to correspond to the first capacitive load. The second connection path selection section is configured to selectively supply a plurality of voltages to the second capacitive load. The second connection path selection section is arranged so as to correspond to the second capacitive load. The voltage generation section is configured to generate and supply the voltages shared by the first connection path selection section and the second connection path selection section.
High temperature superconductive films and methods of making them
Described is a superconductive layered structure and an article including this superconductive layered structure on a substrate structure. The superconductive layered structure comprises a stack including at least one bi-layered assembly formed by first and second layers of similar superconducting material compositions, the second layer being superconductive at predetermined temperature condition, the first layer being a substantially thin layer and having a c lattice parameter selected in accordance with those of the substrate structure and the second layer, such that said first layer is non-superconductive at said predetermined temperature condition thereby allowing the second superconductive layer to be desirably thick to provide high critical current density of the superconductive layer.
Method for manufacturing a thermoelectric device, especially intended to generate an electrical current in an automotive vehicle
The invention relates to a method for manufacturing a thermoelectric device, comprising a first circuit (1), called hot circuit, through which a first fluid can flow, and a second circuit (2), called cold circuit, through which a second fluid can flow at a temperature lower than that of the first fluid, elements (3p, 3n), called thermoelectric elements, that can be used to generate an electric current in the presence of a temperature gradient, fins (5) in a heat exchange relationship with said hot circuit (1) and/or said cold circuit (2), the thermoelectric elements (3p, 3n) being in contact at least with said fins (5). According to the method according to the invention, said fins (5) are compressed in order to ensure that said thermoelectric elements (3p, 3n) are held against said fins (5).
Vertical thermoelectric structures
A thermoelectric device is disclosed which includes metal thermal terminals protruding from a top surface of an IC, connected to vertical thermally conductive conduits made of interconnect elements of the IC. Lateral thermoelectric elements are connected to the vertical conduits at one end and heatsinked to the IC substrate at the other end. The lateral thermoelectric elements are thermally isolated by interconnect dielectric materials on the top side and field oxide on the bottom side. When operated in a generator mode, the metal thermal terminals are connected to a heat source and the IC substrate is connected to a heat sink. Thermal power flows through the vertical conduits to the lateral thermoelectric elements, which generate an electrical potential. The electrical potential may be applied to a component or circuit in the IC. The thermoelectric device may be integrated into an IC without adding fabrication cost or complexity.
Light emitting device with oxynitride phosphors
A light emitting device according to embodiments includes a light emitting element emitting light with a peak wavelength of 420˜445 nm, a first phosphor emitting light with a peak wavelength of 485˜530 nm, a second phosphor emitting light with a peak wavelength of 530˜580 nm, and a third phosphor emitting light with a peak wavelength of 600˜650 nm. The device emits light having an emission spectrum that has a local minimum value of light intensity between a wavelength of 450˜470 nm or less, the local minimum value being 60% or less of a maximum value of light intensity at a longer wavelength side from the local minimum value, and the device emits light having a color temperature of 4600 K or higher and 5400 K or less.
Illumination device with remote luminescent material
The invention provides an illumination device comprising a light source and a transmissive arrangement. The light source is arranged to generate light source light and comprises a light emitting device (LED), arranged to generate LED light and a carrier comprising a first luminescent material. The carrier is in contact with the LED and the first luminescent material is arranged to convert at least part of the LED light into first luminescent material light. The transmissive arrangement of a second luminescent material is arranged remote from the light source and is arranged to convert at least part of the LED light or at least part of the first luminescent material light and/or at least part of the LED light. The invention overcomes current limitations of remote luminescent material systems in spot lighting. In addition, an extremely simple way of realizing light sources with various correlated color temperatures is allowed, based on just a single type of white (or whitish) light source in combination with various (red-orange) remote luminescent materials.
Mask, mask group, manufacturing method of pixels and pixel structure
Embodiments of the disclosure provide a mask, a mask group, a manufacturing method of pixels and a pixel structure. The mask includes a shielding region and an opening region which are alternately arranged. A width of the opening region is twice of a width of one sub pixel, and a width of the shielding region between two adjacent opening regions is four times of the width of one sub pixel.
Light emitting device and light emitting device package having the same
Disclosed are a light emitting device. The light emitting device includes a light emitting structure including a first conductive type semiconductor layer, an active layer, and a second conductive type semiconductor layer, a first electrode disposed in an opening portion of the light emitting structure and contacted with a portion of the first conductive type semiconductor layer, an insulating layer covering the first electrode, a second electrode disposed connected to the second conductive type semiconductor layer and first electrode layer is connected to the second conductive type semiconductor layer and the second electrode. The first electrode layer is disposed on a top surface of the second conductive type semiconductor layer and a top surface of the insulating layer. The second electrode is not vertically overlapped with the first electrode.
Light emitting device and light emitting device package
Disclosed are a light emitting device and a light emitting device package. The light emitting device includes a first conductive semiconductor layer, an active layer on the first conductive semiconductor layer, and a second conductive semiconductor layer on the active layer. The active layer includes (T+1) barrier layers, T well layers between the (T+1) barrier layers, and a first dummy layer between N well layers adjacent to the second conductive semiconductor layer and N barrier layers adjacent to the N well layers, in which T>N≧1.
Liquid crystal display panel and manufacturing method thereof
A liquid crystal display panel includes a substrate, a thin film transistor array, a circuit, and a dummy circuit. One surface of the substrate is divided into a display region and a wiring region. The thin film transistor array is formed on the display region. The circuit and the dummy circuit are formed on the wiring region, the dummy circuit is adjacent to the circuit, and the circuit and the dummy circuit protrude from the substrate.
Photodetector with integrated microfluidic channel and manufacturing process thereof
A photodetector including: a photodiode having a body made of semiconductor material delimited by a first surface, the body forming a first electrode region; a dielectric region, set on top of the first surface and delimited by a second surface; at least one channel extending within the dielectric region, starting from the second surface; and a first metallization, which is set on top of the second surface and is in electrical contact with the first electrode region.
Image sensing module and method of manufacturing the same
An image sensing module includes an image sensing unit, a light transmitting unit, a substrate unit and lens unit. The image sensing unit includes an image sensing element having an image sensing area on the top side of the image sensing element. The light transmitting unit includes a light transmitting element supported above the image sensing element by a plurality of support members. The substrate unit includes a flexible substrate disposed on the image sensing element and electrically connected to the image sensing element through a plurality of electrical conductors, and the flexible substrate has at least one through opening for receiving the light transmitting element. The lens unit includes an opaque holder disposed on the flexible substrate to cover the light transmitting element and a lens assembly connected to the opaque holder and disposed above the light transmitting element.
Release strategies for making transferable semiconductor structures, devices and device components
Provided are methods for making a device or device component by providing a multi layer structure having a plurality of functional layers and a plurality of release layers and releasing the functional layers from the multilayer structure by separating one or more of the release layers to generate a plurality of transferable structures. The transferable structures are printed onto a device substrate or device component supported by a device substrate. The methods and systems provide means for making high-quality and low-cost photovoltaic devices, transferable semiconductor structures, (opto-)electronic devices and device components.
Solar cell module and manufacturing method therefor
A solar cell module is provided with a plurality of solar cells and a wiring material. Each solar cell includes a p-side electrode and an n-side electrode arranged on one principal surface thereof. For each pair of adjacent solar cells, the wiring material electrically connects the p-side electrode of one solar cell and the n-side electrode of the other solar cell. Surface layers of the p-side electrodes and the n-side electrodes comprises, respectively, plating layers each containing at least one power-supplied point. The wiring material is bonded to the solar cells at regions each of which at least includes the power-supplied point.