Document Document Title
US08631511B2 Method and apparatus for micromachines, microstructures, nanomachines and nanostructures
Parts and structures are described for micro and nano machines and the creation of macro structures with nano and micro layers of special materials to provide improved performance.
US08631510B2 Magnetic sensor and scanning microscope
An object of the present invention is to provide a magnetic sensor simply configured so as to magnetically measure not only conductive materials but also nonconductive materials over a wide temperature range and which offers high performance and high reliability, as well as a scanning microscope that uses the magnetic sensor. A scanning microscope according to the present invention includes a magnetic sensor with a magnetic sensing element provided at a free end of a cantilever-like flexible member and a strain gauge installed on the flexible member, driving means for driving the flexible member or a measurement sample, and control means for controlling driving provided by the driving means based on an output signal from the strain gauge.
US08631507B2 Method of using signatures for measurement in a trusted computing environment
Verification of an encrypted blob of data passed to a sealed storage function in a trusted platform module (TPM) of a computing platform by a software component, may be accomplished by receiving the encrypted blob of data and a digital signature for each of a set of platform configuration register (PCR) indicators and PCR value pairs from the software component. The encrypted blob of data may be decrypted using a TPM key to form a decrypted blob of data, the decrypted blob of data including a secret and a verification key. For each received digital signature of the set of PCR identifier and PCR value pairs, it may be determined if each received digital signature verifies using the verification key and rejecting the decrypted blob of data when any signature is not verified. For each received digital signature of the set of PCR identifier and a PCR value pairs, it may be determined if each received PCR value matches a current value stored in a corresponding PCR in the TPM and rejecting the decrypted blob of data when any corresponding pair of PCR values do not match. The secret may be output from the decrypted blob of data when the decrypted blob of data has not been rejected.
US08631506B2 Remote data viewer
A medical image and data application service provider system provides a way of remotely viewing and manipulating medical images and data for diagnostic and visualization purposes by users unconstrained by geography. Medical images and data are stored on one or more servers running application service provider software along with meta-data such as access control information, origin of information and references to related data. A set of medical data consisting related information is sent as an encrypted stream to a viewing station running client software in a secure execution environment that is logically independent of the viewing station's operating system.
US08631505B1 Method, system, and device for providing a market for digital goods
A system includes one or more processors and computer-readable storage media storing instructions executable by a processor to storing a digital good in a cloud data store that is accessible by a user devices associated with a first user and a second user through their respective accounts. When a request to transfer the access rights to the digital good from the account of the first user to the account of a second user, the transfer of the access rights to the digital good is authorized based on satisfaction of one or more business rules and the access rights are transferred from the account of the first user to the account of the second user while said digital good remains in said cloud data store. The access rights are deleted from the account of the first user.
US08631501B2 Reporting function in gaming system environment
A gaming related system employs a front end application that allows access to various reports from various, disparate databases. Such may avoid reviewing reports in SQL Reporting services. Identification of reports and/or categories of reports, as well as access to reports and categories of reports may be limited based on a user role associated with a user identifier and/or pass phrase. Users may only need to provide log in information once per log in session.
US08631500B2 Generating minimality-attack-resistant data
The present disclosure is directed to systems, methods, and computer-readable storage media for generating data and data sets that are resistant to minimality attacks. Data sets having a number of tuples are received, and the tuples are ordered according to an aspect of the tuples. The tuples can be split into groups of tuples, and each of the groups may be analyzed to determine if the group complies with a privacy requirement. Groups that satisfy the privacy requirement may be output as new data sets that are resistant to minimality attacks.
US08631499B2 Platform for analyzing the security of communication protocols and channels
A security analyzer tests the security of a device by attacking the device and observing the device's response. Attacking the device includes sending one or more messages to the device. A message can be generated by the security analyzer or generated independently of the security analyzer. The security analyzer uses various methods to identify a particular attack that causes a device to fail or otherwise alter its behavior. Monitoring includes analyzing data (other than messages) output from the device in response to an attack. Packet processing analysis includes analyzing one or more messages generated by the device in response to an attack. Instrumentation includes establishing a baseline snapshot of the device's state when it is operating normally and then attacking the device in multiple ways while obtaining snapshots periodically during the attacks.
US08631498B1 Techniques for identifying potential malware domain names
Techniques for identifying potential malware domain names are disclosed. In one particular exemplary embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a system for identifying potential malware domain names. The system may comprise one or more processors communicatively coupled to a network. The one or more processors may be configured to receive a request for network data, where the request for network data may comprise a domain name. The one or more processors may also be configured to apply a lexical and linguistic analysis to the domain name. The one or more processors may also be configured to identify whether the domain name is a potential malware domain name based on the lexical and linguistic analysis.
US08631497B1 Systems and methods for automating blind detection of computational vulnerabilities
Methods for blind detection of computational vulnerabilities include the submission by a detecting system of potentially interpretable information to a target system; measurement of the timing characteristics of the output from the target system by the detecting system; and diagnosis of the vulnerabilities of the target system by the detecting system as based on the timing characteristics, optionally in conjunction with auxiliary data. Invented systems provide reference implementations of these methods.
US08631496B2 Computer network intrusion detection
A method and system of identifying an attacker device attempting an intrusion into a network. At least one managed device of the network detects an incoming TCP/IP connection by the attacker device to the network. It is determined that the incoming TCP/IP connection is a Net BIOS connection that has created an invalid logon by the attacker device, linking the invalid logon with the NetBIOS TCP/IP connection, retrieving event log information from a security event log of the network, and determining (i) that a userid of the invalid logon is a local userid defined on a local device, (ii) that the userid of the invalid logon is a userid in a list of userids used by viruses, or (iii) that the userid of the invalid logon is neither the local userid nor is in the list of userids. The retrieved event log information is stored in a central violation database.
US08631484B2 Systems and methods for inhibiting attacks with a network
Systems and methods for inhibiting attacks with a network are provided. In some embodiments, methods for inhibiting attacks by forwarding packets through a plurality of intermediate nodes when being transmitted from a source node to a destination node are provided, the methods comprising: receiving a packet at one of the plurality of intermediate nodes; determining at the selected intermediate node whether the packet has been sent to the correct one of the plurality of intermediate nodes based on a pseudo random function; and forwarding the packet to the destination node, based on the determining. In some embodiments an intermediate node is selected based on a pseudo random function. In some embodiments, systems and methods for establishing access to a multi-path network are provided.
US08631482B2 Method for managing computer resources accessed by a program operating in a restricted environment
A resource manager of an operating system of a data processing system receives a first request from a first program for a ticket for accessing at least one of resources of the data processing system. In response to the first request, the resource manager determines whether the first program is entitled to access the resource. The ticket for accessing the resource is issued to the first program if the first program is entitled to access the resource. The ticket can be used by a second program to obtain rights to access the resource by acquiring the ticket from the first program, where the second program would not otherwise be entitled to access the resource based on a security profile associated with the second program.
US08631480B2 Systems and methods for implementing security services
Systems and methods for providing a login context operate a virtual machine, wherein the virtual machine includes an open services platform and an authentication service, wherein the authentication service includes a classloader, and an initial classloader is designated as the classloader of the authentication service, register a login module, receive an authentication request from a first application, and responsive to receiving the authentication request designate a classloader associated with the login module as the classloader of the authentication service, generate a login context of the login module, and provide the login context of the login module to the first application, whereby the first application uses the login context to perform an authentication.
US08631478B2 Lifecycle management of privilege sharing using an identity management system
Managing a lifecycle of a shared privileged account via a proxy service which comprises an Identity Management (IdM) system that defines and manages identity services, which in turn manage privileged accounts used to access managed targets. Each of the identity services is mapped to a privilege group of the proxy service and an ID pool manager is implemented to manage sharing of the privileged accounts. A request is generated to access a managed target with a privileged account. A shared privileges module generates a shared ID authorization account and associates it with the requestor. The shared ID authorization account is populated with sign out information for a shared privileged account, which the requestor uses to access the corresponding managed target. When use of the shared privileged account is ended, the shared privileges module disassociates the requestor with the shared privileged account by deleting the shared ID authorization account.
US08631475B1 Ordering inputs for order dependent processing
A method is used in ordering inputs for order dependent processing. Ordered inputs are derived from original inputs. The ordered inputs have an order based on values of the original inputs. Order dependent processing logic is applied to the ordered inputs, to produce a result that is derived from the original inputs.
US08631474B2 Method and system for restricting access to user resources
A user's set top box (STB), or other client, executes a shell and has an application program interface (API) by which certain features of the client can be controlled. The client is in communication with a walled garden proxy server (WGPS). The client sends a request to the WGPS to access a service provided by a site in the garden. The site sends the client a message containing code calling a function in the API. The WGPS traps the message from the site and looks up the site in a table to determine the access control list (ACL) for the site. The WGPS includes the ACL in the header of the hypertext transport protocol (HTTP) message to the client. The shell receives the message and extracts the ACL. If the code lacks permission, the shell stops execution.
US08631472B1 Triggers for session persistence
Methods, media, and servers are provided for maintaining persistent sessions for a network device and providing quick authorization to a user of the network device. The network server maintains persistent sessions with network devices based on a usage profile associated with the network devices. The persistent sessions are maintained during time periods when the network device experience peak transaction activity. Additionally, during these time periods, the network device may provide quick authorizations to users of the network device. Quick authorizations allow a transaction to complete on the network device without waiting for authorization if the user is identified as a returning user.
US08631471B2 Automated seamless reconnection of client devices to a wireless network
A host device for a wireless network may be configured to implement at least two virtual access points for connecting client devices to the wireless network. A user virtual access point enables a client device to connect to the wireless network and transmit network traffic to other devices connected to the wireless network. In addition, a setup virtual access point provides an additional access point to connect to the wireless network when network credentials for the user virtual access point, such as a service set identifier (SSID) or a password, are changed by a user. When a client device cannot find the user virtual access point based on a stored SSID or password, the client device may be configured to automatically reconnect to the setup virtual access point to request a new SSID and network credentials for the user virtual access point.
US08631469B2 Executing commands on devices through presence applications
Presence applications running on different devices are used to access and command devices through a communications server. A communication channel is established between at least two instances of a presence application that are running on different devices. A device that is associated with an instance of a presence application is remotely commanded by a received message from the communications server from another instance of the presence application on a different device.
US08631462B2 Trusted network management method of trusted network connections based on tri-element peer authentication
A trusted network management method of trusted network connections based on tri-element peer authentication. A trusted management proxy and a trusted management system are respectively installed and configured on a host to be managed and a management host, and are verified as local trusted. When the host to be managed and the management host are not connected to the trusted network, they use the trusted network connection method based on the tri-element peer authentication to connect to the trusted network respectively, and subsequently perform the authentications and the cipher key negotiations of the trusted management proxy and the trusted management system; when the host to be managed and the management host have not completed the user authentication and the cipher key negotiation process, they use the tri-element peer authentication protocol to complete the user authentication and the cipher key negotiation process, then use the tri-element peer authentication protocol to implement the remote trust of the trusted management proxy and the trusted management system, and finally perform network management. The present invention can actively defend attacks, reinforce the safety of the trusted network management architecture, and realize the trusted network management of distributed control and centralized management.
US08631457B1 Method and apparatus for monitoring text-based communications to secure a computer
A method and apparatus for monitoring text-based communications to secure a computer is described. In one embodiment, the method for monitoring text-based communications to secure a computer includes defining at least one portion of the computer display that is associated with text-based communications and examining the at least one portion of the computer display to identify textual data within the text-based communications.
US08631449B1 Cellular based aviation video system
An in-flight video system for providing video services to an aircraft is disclosed. The video system may include a receiving module positioned on an aircraft. The receiving module may be configured for: receiving video signals being broadcasted on a ground-based cellular network, processing the video signals received and providing a video stream. The video system may further include a processor communicatively connected to the receiving module. The processor may be configured for distributing the video stream to at least one end device onboard the aircraft.
US08631443B2 Digital television signal, digital television receiver, and method of processing digital television signal
A digital television (DTV) signal for use in a DTV receiver includes an extended text table (ETT) which includes a header and a message body. The header includes a table identification extension field which serves to establish uniqueness of the ETT, and the message includes an extended text message (ETM). If the ETT is an event ETT, the table ID extension field includes an event identification which specifies an identification number of an event associated with the ETT. On the other hand, if the ETT is a channel ETT, the table identification extension field includes a source identification which specifies a programming source of a virtual channel associated with the ETT. A section-filtering unit included in the DTV receiver is able to use table identification extension fields of a plurality of ETTs for section-filtering a pertinent event or channel ETT from the ETTs.
US08631438B2 Universal and portable channel designations
Systems and methods are described that provide favorite channel designation portability from a variety of locations, devices and/or programming service providers.
US08631433B2 Image display apparatus and method for operating the same
An image display apparatus and a method for operating the image display apparatus are provided. The method receives a broadcast signal, generates a thumbnail image based on broadcast information included in the received broadcast signal when the received broadcast signal is a broadcast signal of at least one of an audio channel, a data channel, or a scrambled channel, and displays a thumbnail list including the generated thumbnail image. This allows the user to easily identify the contents of broadcasts of a plurality of channels.
US08631431B2 Method and system for providing previously recorded broadcast programming with substitute commercials
A system is disclosed for providing broadcast programming to subscriber locations including an intermediate video supplier, subscriber location equipment and one or more video sources. The intermediate video supplier includes a video buffer and a video server that processes received subscriber requests and retrieves, according to the subscriber requests, either of currently broadcast programming or broadcast programming previously buffered in the video buffer by the video server. The subscriber location equipment includes a remote control and a local control unit that transmits the subscriber requests to the video server via one or more data links and receives, from the video server, the broadcast programming for display on a local video display via the data link. A subscriber may initiate a restart command with a single action via the remote control to restart a currently viewed program from the beginning even if the currently viewed program was joined in progress.
US08631430B2 Enabling DRM-encrypted broadcast content through gateway into the home
A method consistent with certain implementations involves receiving a stream of legacy encrypted main content that contains selectively DRM encrypted duplicate content; decrypting the legacy encrypted stream of content; eliminating the duplicate content that is not DRM encrypted; generating a selectively DRM encrypted stream of content; and providing the selectively DRM stream of content as an output signal for consumption by a device residing on a home entertainment network. This abstract is not to be considered limiting, since other embodiments may deviate from the features described in this abstract.
US08631423B1 Translating input/output calls in a mixed virtualization environment
Various embodiments of a system and method for enabling a first virtualization environment to use a virtual disk image file created by a second virtualization environment without requiring the virtual disk image file to first be converted are described. The virtual disk image file may remain in its original format, and an I/O conversion filter driver may receive I/O requests from the first virtualization environment in real time and dynamically translate them into modified I/O calls based on the original format of the virtual disk image file.
US08631420B2 Electonic processing of context-aware business events
Various embodiments of systems and methods for electronic processing of context-aware business events are described. According to one aspect, business events are enriched with more business semantics by encapsulating business contexts that define the events' producing environment. The produced context-aware events include a structure of context items describing with system and application parameters the producing environment when the events originally happened. During reconstruction of the structure of context items, the contextual business information is retrieved and can be included in the business events to provide the event consumer with more information about the business event.
US08631419B2 System and methods for disruption detection, management, and recovery
A task disruption and recovery system and methods are described that detects shifts away from ongoing tasks, whether by self-interruption or by disruptive events from within or outside a computing system, based on signals detected. Among other functions, the system works to enhance the efficient recovery of suspended tasks or problem-solving sessions via storing and presenting representations of the suspended sessions in a manner that facilitates recovery and continuation.
US08631418B2 System and method for messaging
A system and method for messaging in which, when a connection to a queue manager (220) is established, the queue manager allocates a Connection Identifier from the same name space (300) as Message Identifiers and returns this information (400) to the user. The user can then use this Connection Identifier as a Correlation Identifier, safe in the knowledge that it will not clash with any system generated Message Identifier or Correlation Identifier. A secondary benefit to this allocation scheme is that if a shared reply queue suffers from a build-up of messages then the Correlation Identifier in those messages can be used to identify the application expected to receive those messages.
US08631417B1 Snapshot view of multi-dimensional virtual environment
A computer-implemented method of enabling communication between a first client and a second client mutually participating in a communication session, in which the second client, but not the first client, has an application for rendering multi-dimensional virtual environments, is claimed. The method includes transmitting to the second client information representing a plurality of objects in a multi-dimensional virtual environment, wherein the multi-dimensional virtual environment is rendered at the second client, and transmitting to the first client an image for display by a first client application in a web page, the image including a representation of the multi-dimensional virtual environment rendered at the second client. The second client has an application, distinct from the first client application, for rendering multi-dimensional virtual environments.
US08631414B2 Distributed resource management in a portable computing device
In a portable computing device having a node-based resource architecture, a first or distributed node controlled by a first processor but corresponding to a second or native node controlled by a second processor is used to indirectly access a resource of the second node. In a resource graph defining the architecture each node represents an encapsulation of functionality of one or more resources, each edge represents a client request, and adjacent nodes represent resource dependencies. Resources defined by a first graph are controlled by the first processor but not the second processor, while resources defined by a second graph are controlled by the second processor but not the first processor. A client request on the first node may be received from a client under control of the first processor. Then, a client request may be issued on the second node in response to the client request on the first node.
US08631412B2 Job scheduling with optimization of power consumption
A scheduler is provided, which takes into account the location of the data to be accessed by a set of jobs. Once all the dependencies and the scheduling constraints of the plan are respected, the scheduler optimizes the order of the remaining jobs to be run, also considering the location of the data to be accessed. Several jobs needing an access to a dataset on a specific disk may be grouped together so that the grouped jobs are executed in succession, e.g., to prevent activating and deactivating the storage device several times, thus improving the power consumption and also avoiding input output performances degradation.
US08631411B1 Energy aware processing load distribution system and method
A method for controlling a data center, comprising a plurality of server systems, each associated with a cooling system and a thermal constraint, comprising: a concurrent physical condition of a first server system; predicting a future physical condition based on a set of future states of the first server system; dynamically controlling the cooling system in response to at least the input and the predicted future physical condition, to selectively cool the first server system sufficient to meet the predetermined thermal constraint; and controlling an allocation of tasks between the plurality of server systems to selectively load the first server system within the predetermined thermal constraint and selectively idle a second server system, wherein the idle second server system can be recruited to accept tasks when allocated to it, and wherein the cooling system associated with the idle second server system is selectively operated in a low power consumption state.
US08631410B2 Scheduling jobs in a cluster having multiple computing nodes by constructing multiple sub-cluster based on entry and exit rules
There is provided a method and system for scheduling a job in a cluster, the cluster comprises multiple computing nodes, and the method comprises: defining rules for constructing virtual sub-clusters of the multiple computing nodes; constructing the multiple nodes in the cluster into multiple virtual sub-clusters based on the rules, wherein one computing node can only be included in one virtual sub-cluster; dispatching a received job to a selected virtual sub-cluster; and scheduling at least one computing node for the dispatched job in the selected virtual sub-cluster. Further, the job is dispatched to the selected virtual sub-cluster based on characteristics of the job and/or characteristics of virtual sub-clusters. The present invention can increase the throughput of scheduling effectively.
US08631409B2 Adaptive partitioning scheduler for multiprocessing system
A symmetric multiprocessing system includes multiple processing units and corresponding instances of an adaptive partition processing scheduler. Each instance of the adaptive partition processing scheduler selectively allocates the respective processing unit to run process threads of one or more adaptive partitions based on a comparison between merit function values of the one or more adaptive partitions. The merit function for a particular partition of the one or more adaptive partitions may be based on whether the adaptive partition has available budget on the respective processing unit. The merit function for a particular partition associated with an instance of the adaptive partition scheduler also, or in the alternative, may be based on whether the adaptive partition has available global budget on the symmetric multiprocessing system.
US08631399B2 Information processing apparatus and firmware updating method
An apparatus includes a first processor including a first storage having a first and a second area, a download-instructor issuing a download-instruction downloading a second firmware from the second area of the first storage at power-off, and a first-launcher switching the second area of the first storage from standby-system to working-system and launching a first firmware at power-on, and a second processor including a second storage having a first area as a working-system and a second area as a standby-system, a downloader downloading the second firmware stored in the second area of the first storage as the first storage standby-system into the second area of the second storage as the second storage standby-system when the downloading-instruction is received, and a second-launcher switching the second area of the second storage from the standby-system to the working-system and launching the second firmware in the second area of the second storage at power-on.
US08631398B2 Method and apparatus for facilitating creation of a network interface
A method and apparatus for efficient wireless interface installation is disclosed. In one embodiment, a method for installing a first interface driver and a second interface driver is disclosed. The method comprises iterating a first interface driver installation process until at least one of success or a predetermined number of failures, if the first interface driver installation process is successful, iterating a second interface driver installation process until at least one of success or another predetermined number of failures, and generating an interface for communications between the first interface driver and the second interface driver, if the second interface driver installation process is successful.
US08631389B2 Methods and apparatus for authentication of configuration items via configuration item change analysis
Techniques for authenticating one or more configuration items in an information repository are provided comprising the step of running an audit on the one or more configuration items in accordance with a change history of each of the one or more configuration items and one or more request for change identifiers.
US08631387B2 System and method for the structuring and interpretation of organic computer programs
In various aspects, a system and method for structuring and interpreting organic computer programs may provide for programs to expand, grow and evolve analogous to the way plants, animals, and organisms in nature grow and evolve. The organic computing system and method may unify program design time and program run time, may provide for program structure and program state to change at run time, and may provide for programs to continuously change and evolve through the addition of member functions, inputs, and outputs as the program is running. The organic computing system provides continuous means of differentiation, creating asymmetries and the opportunity for competition, and integration, creating symmetries and the opportunity for cooperation. Together, these factors provide a programming system wherein normalization occurs over time through the exchange and integration of differences and evolution and diversification through the creation of new differences, thereby introducing a differential form of computer science.
US08631379B2 Decomposing integrated circuit layout
Various embodiments of the invention provide techniques to ensure a layout for an integrated circuit is split-able. In a method embodiment, a layout is generated in a customer site having a layout library as inputs wherein the library provides exemplary layouts that have been verified to be spit-able and that can be used and layouts that can cause conflicts to avoid. A real-time odd cycle checker is also provided in which the checker identifies in real time conflict areas and odd cycles as they arise during layout generation. To reduce memory usage layouts of various devices may be separated so that each individual layout or a small number of layouts, rather than a large layout for the whole application circuit, can be checked against conflicts. Once the layout is ready at the customer site, it is sent to the foundry site to be decomposed into two masks and taped-out. Other embodiments are also disclosed.
US08631378B2 Implementing enhanced clock tree distributions to decouple across N-level hierarchical entities
A method, system and computer program product for implementing enhanced clock tree distributions to decouple across N-level hierarchical entities of an integrated circuit chip. Local clock tree distributions are constructed. Top clock tree distributions are constructed. Then constructing and routing a top clock tree is provided. The local clock tree distributions and the top clock tree distributions are independently constructed, each using an equivalent local clock distribution of high performance buffers to balance the clock block regions.
US08631375B2 Via selection in integrated circuit design
Solutions for efficiently implementing a via into a multi-level integrated circuit layout are disclosed. In various embodiments, a method of creating a multi-level integrated circuit layout with at least one via is disclosed, the method including: providing at least two layers of the multi-level integrated circuit layout; and selecting a via for connecting the at least two layers, wherein the selecting includes retrieving the via from a via library including a plurality of via types, the plurality of via types prioritized in the via library according to a predicted manufacturing yield for each of the plurality of vias.
US08631374B2 Cell architecture for increasing transistor size
A cell-based architecture for an integrated circuit that uses at least two categories of cells: cut-gate cells and breaker cells. Cut-gate cells have gates that extend from one boundary of the cell to an opposite boundary of the cell. Cut gate features are located along the boundaries of the cell to indicate locations for cutting the gates during fabrication. Instances of the cut-gate cells are arranged in abutting rows that result in the formation of continuous gate strips during the fabrication process, which are then cut into individual gates with a cut-gate mechanism. Breaker cells have gates that do not extend to the boundaries of the breaker cell. To prevent the continuous gate strips from exceeding design rule requirements, instances of breaker cells are placed at intervals between the rows of cut-gate cell instances to restrict the size of the gate strips.
US08631373B1 Yield analysis with situations
Systems, methodologies and technologies for the analysis and transformation of integrated circuit layouts using situations are disclosed. A method for transforming an integrated circuit (IC) layout includes recognizing shapes within the IC layout, identifying features for each of the shapes and extracting situations for the respective features. Extracted situations can be used to improve optical proximity correction (OPC) of the IC layout. This improved OPC includes extracting the situations, simulating the situations to determine a set of the situations identified for modification based on failing to satisfy a desired OPC tolerance level, modifying the set of situations to improve satisfaction of the desired OPC tolerance level, and reintegrating the modified set of situations into the IC layout. Extracted situations can also be used to improve aerial image simulation of the IC layout. This improved aerial image simulation includes extracting the situations, simulating a subset of the situations to determine aerial images of the subset, and tiling the subset of situations to form a larger aerial image. Extracted situations can further be used to improve density analysis of the IC layout. This improved density analysis includes extracting the situations for a window of the IC layout, removing overlap from the window based on the extracted situations, calculating a density for each of the situations, and calculating a density for the window based on the density for each of the situations.
US08631371B2 Method, system and program storage device for modeling the capacitance associated with a diffusion region of a silicon-on-insulator device
Disclosed are embodiments of a method, system and program storage device for accurately modeling parasitic capacitance(s) associated with a diffusion region of a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) device and doing so based, at least in part, on proximity to adjacent conductive structures. In these embodiments, the layout of an integrated circuit design can be analyzed to determine, for the diffusion region, shape, dimension and proximity information. Then, a formula can be developed and used for determining the parasitic capacitance between the diffusion region and the substrate below (CD-S). This formula can have a perimeter component, including a side edge component and, if applicable, a corner component, both of which account for the fact that CD-S is generally dependent on the distances between the diffusion region and any adjacent conductive structures. Additionally, the parasitic capacitance between the diffusion region and any adjacent conductive structure (CD-D) can be determined based on such distances.
US08631369B1 Methods, systems, and apparatus for timing and signal integrity analysis of integrated circuits with semiconductor process variations
In one embodiment of the invention, a method of statically analyzing an integrated circuit with process and environment variations is provided. The method includes characterizing each circuit cell of a cell library for a sensitivity to process parameter variations within a predetermined range; creating a timing graph corresponding to a netlist representing an integrated circuit design; along nodes of the timing graph, computing delay values including sensitivities to process variations; for each selected output node of the netlist, propagating a full timing value function with the sensitivities to the selected output nodes; and generating a parameterized timing report including the sensitivities to the process variations.
US08631367B2 Methods of increasing fidelity of quantum operations
Systems and methods are provided for improving fidelity of a quantum operation on a quantum bit of interest. A controlled quantum gate operation, controlled by the quantum bit of interest, id performed on an ancillary quantum bit. An energy state of the ancillary quantum bit is measured to facilitate the improvement of the fidelity of the quantum operation.
US08631364B1 Constraining VLSI circuits
A method of circuit design performed in which a description of a multi-clock-domain circuit is analyzed to locate clock domain crossings. A processor automatically identifies, for at least one of the located clock domain crossings, one or more elements of a synchronization circuit of the clock domain crossing, which require constraining. The processor then generates a constraint for implementation of the identified one or more elements in a design of the circuit.
US08631359B1 System and technique for modeling resist profile change sensitivity at different heights
A method of calibrating a compact model for a lithographic process is described. In this method, the nominal compact model can be provided. Notably, an input energy effect can be separated from chemical effects and other factors regarding the photoresist. Using a processor, the compact model can be calibrated based on the input energy, thereby generating an energy-sensitive compact model. The energy-sensitive compact model can quickly construct 3D resist profiles capturing resist profile degradation at any horizontal plane. Because this method does not change any form of compact modeling, it can be integrated as is into validation and correction processes. In other embodiments, the energy-sensitive compact model can be further calibrated based on one or more of the chemical effects and/or other factors.
US08631357B2 Dual function scroll wheel input
A device includes a display screen, at least one processor, memory, and a plurality of programs stored in memory that are configured to be executed by the at least one processor and cause the device to: display, on the display screen, a column of data comprising a plurality of data values; display a selection row that intersects the column of data to indicate a selected data value; detect a first gesture on the column of data; scroll the column of data to change the selected data value in response to detecting the first gesture; detect a second gesture, different from the first gesture, on the column of data; and, when the selected data value has an alternative expression, indicate the alternative expression to the selected data value in response to the second gesture on the column of data.
US08631355B2 Assigning gesture dictionaries
Techniques for assigning a gesture dictionary in a gesture-based system to a user comprise capturing data representative of a user in a physical space. In a gesture-based system, gestures may control aspects of a computing environment or application, where the gestures may be derived from a user's position or movement in a physical space. In an example embodiment, the system may monitor a user's gestures and select a particular gesture dictionary in response to the manner in which the user performs the gestures. The gesture dictionary may be assigned in real time with respect to the capture of the data representative of a user's gesture. The system may generate calibration tests for assigning a gesture dictionary. The system may track the user during a set of short gesture calibration tests and assign the gesture dictionary based on a compilation of the data captured that represents the user's gestures.
US08631352B2 Provider care cards
Methods, computer systems, and computer readable media for a provider care card graphical user interface are provided. The provider care card comprises a requirements display area configured to display at least one or more clinical measures relating to at least one patient, a measurements display area configured to display one or more measurements completed for one or more clinical measures relating to at least one patient, a first plurality of microdisplays configured to display a first visual indicator for each of the clinical measures that has been met, and a second plurality of microdisplays configured to display a second visual indicator for each of the clinical measures that has not been met.
US08631349B2 Apparatus and method for changing application user interface in portable terminal
A method for changing an application User Interface (UI) in a portable terminal using menu theme information is provided. UI theme information contained in menu theme information is loaded, a main window image is selected from the loaded UI theme information, and theme index table information is selected. A user interface consistent with a menu UI is created using the selected theme index table information and the selected main window image. The created user interface is stored as a basic interface. The created user interface is applied and displayed.
US08631323B1 Updating the display treatment of source code based on a real time semantic and syntactic analysis
In a computing environment, a method for treating display characteristics of input displayed via a user interface includes receiving input from a user interface, the input including at least one character, determining the scope of the input, categorizing input into at least one category, and applying at least one display treatment to the input associated with at least one category, wherein the display treatment is applied as each character is received from the user interface.
US08631322B2 Album creating apparatus facilitating appropriate image allocation, album generating method and program
There is provided an apparatus and a method for generating an album while adequately allocating images per page in accordance to image capturing-times. The album creating apparatus has an image storing section for storing images correlating with image capturing-times of the images, a distribution-of-image-capturing-time calculating section for calculating a distribution of image capturing-times of the plurality of images stored in the image storing section based on the image capturing-times of the plurality of images stored in the image storing section, an image sorting section for sorting the plurality of images stored in the image storing section per page in the album based on the distribution of image capturing-times calculated by the distribution-of-image-capturing-time calculating section and a layout determining section for laying out the images sorted by the image sorting section per page to each page of the album.
US08631317B2 Manipulating display of document pages on a touchscreen computing device
Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for manipulating display of document pages on a touchscreen computing device are provided. Embodiments include recognizing, by the touchscreen computing device, finger motion selection gestures on a touchscreen of the touchscreen computing device; selecting, by the touchscreen computing device for each recognized finger motion selection gesture, a document page displayed on the touchscreen; recognizing, by the touchscreen computing device, a finger motion combination gesture on the touchscreen; combining, by the touchscreen computing device responsive to the finger motion combination gesture, the selected document pages into a single concatenated document page; and displaying, by the touchscreen computing device, the single concatenated document page.
US08631315B2 System and method for delivering information related to a product
The invention relates to a system for delivering information related to a product, including a computer, a webpage displayed on the computer that is directed to the product, a program executing on the computer for placing an overlay over the webpage where at least one portion of the overlay is generally transparent, and a program executing on the computer for displaying a plurality of hyperlinks on the overlay, each hyperlink indicating a different characteristic of the product. The invention also includes a program executing on the computer for, when a hyperlink is actuated, automatically displaying a sample and a menu of other samples of a characteristic of the actuated hyperlink.
US08631314B2 Systems and methods for delivery of multiple online advertising units to communicate and interact on the same webpage
A system for delivering advertisement units that interact with each other on a webpage is disclosed. The system includes a web browser, a web server, and an advertisement server. The web browser is configured to generate a request for a webpage. The web server is communicatively connected to the web browser and is configured to receive the request for a webpage from the web browser and send the requested webpage to the browser in response to the request. The webpage includes an ad unit request script that is configured to direct the web browser to generate a request for an advertisement unit.The advertisement server is communicatively connected to the web browser and the web server. The advertisement server is configured to receive advertisement unit requests and send a first ad unit and a second ad unit to the web browser in response to those requests. The first and second ad units are rendered by the web browser onto the webpage. The first ad unit is communicatively interfaced with the second ad unit and is configured to detect the second ad unit and send instructions to the second ad unit if the second ad unit possesses specified attributes. The second ad unit is configured to receive and execute instructions received from the first ad unit.
US08631311B1 Data recovery using existing reconfigurable read channel hardware
A method for recovering data is disclosed. A sensed analog signal is converted into digital samples using an analog-to-digital converter (ADC). The digital samples are processed into processed digital samples using a first filter. The processed digital samples are decoded into decoded data. Whether the decoded data is acceptable is then determined. The processed digital samples are fed back to the first filter using a reprocessing circuit such that the processed digital samples are reprocessed into reprocessed digital samples in the event that the decoded data is unacceptable. A set of reprocessing coefficients is provided for the first filter to reprocess the processed digital samples.
US08631306B2 Method and memory system using a priori probability information to read stored data
A memory system comprises a non-volatile memory device that stores user data and state information regarding the user data. In a read operation of the non-volatile memory device, a memory controller calculates a priori probabilities for the user data based on the state information, calculates a posteriori probabilities based on the a priori probabilities, and performs a soft-decision operation to determine values of the user data based on the a posteriori probabilities.
US08631304B2 Overlapping error correction operations
Systems and methods of overlapping error correction operations are disclosed. A method at an encoder device includes receiving data to be encoded, including a first data group and a second data group. The first data group includes a first subgroup that contains a first plurality of bits and a second subgroup that contains a second plurality of bits. The second data group includes the second subgroup and a third subgroup that includes a third plurality of bits. A first encode operation encodes the first data group to generate a first codeword and a second encode operation encodes the second data group.
US08631303B2 Distributed storage network for modification of a data object
A distributed storage network generates a plurality of data segments from a data object and stores each of the plurality of data segments as a plurality of encoded data slices generated from an error encoding dispersal function. When the distributed storage network receives a modification request for the data object, it determines a size of the plurality of data segments of the data object from a segment size field and identifies one of the plurality of data segments requiring modification. The identified data segment is reconstructed from the plurality of encoded data slices and modified in accordance with the modification request.
US08631302B2 Data and error correction code mixing device and method
Memory devices and methods are described such as those that mix data and associated error correction code blocks between multiple memory device locations. Examples include mixing between multiple memory blocks, mixing between memory pages, mixing between memory chips and mixing between memory modules. In selected examples, memory blocks and associated error correction code are mixed between multiple levels of memory device hierarchy.
US08631297B2 Method for mapping physical hybrid automatic repeat request indicator channel
A method for mapping a physical hybrid automatic repeat request indicator channel (PHICH) is described. The method for mapping a PHICH includes determining an index of a resource element group transmitting a repetitive pattern of the PHICH, according to a ratio of the number of available resource element groups in a symbol in which the PHICH is transmitted and the number of available resource element groups in a first or second OFDM symbol, and mapping the PHICH to the symbol according to the determined index. In transmitting the PHICH, since efficient mapping is performed considering available resource elements varying with OFDM symbols, repetition of the PHICH does not generate interference between neighbor cell IDs and performance is improved.
US08631291B2 Semiconductor device and test method with boundary scan
A semiconductor device includes a clock control unit configured to receive an external test clock signal in a boundary scan test mode and generate a boundary test clock signal in synchronization with an entry time point of the boundary scan test mode, and a plurality of latches configured to receive and store a plurality of data in parallel in a boundary capture test mode and form a boundary scan path to sequentially output the plurality of stored data in the boundary scan test mode in response to the boundary test clock signal.
US08631290B2 Automated detection of and compensation for guardband degradation during operation of clocked data processing circuit
An automated guardband compensation system automatically compensates for degradation in the guardband of a clocked data processing circuit while that circuit is connected within a data processing system. A control circuit automatically and repeatedly requests: a switching circuit to switch a critical path within the clocked data processing circuit out of a data processing pathway within the data processing system while the clocked data processing circuit is connected within the data processing system; a guardband test circuit to test the guardband of the critical path while the critical path is switched out of the data processing pathway; a guardband compensation circuit to increase the guardband when the results of the test indicate a material degradation in the guardband; and a switching circuit to switch the critical path back into the data processing pathway after the test.
US08631287B2 Method in a gaming machine for providing data recovery
Disclosed is a gaming machine capable of data restoration.
US08631284B2 Method for providing asynchronous event notification in systems
A method is provided for asynchronous notifications from a device to a host in systems without requiring hardware provision for asynchronous operations. In an embodiment of the invention, a system supports command queuing and a command is sent from a host to a device. The device receives the command and an associated tag, and accepts the command as valid. After accepting the command, the device begins monitoring for asynchronous events. If an asynchronous event is detected, the device provides notification of the event by sending a response and the associated tag to the host. In another embodiment of the invention, a method of asynchronous notification enables use of invalid tags. In a further embodiment of the invention, asynchronous notifications may be enabled by a host and operate without additional host commands.
US08631283B1 Monitoring and automated recovery of data instances
The monitoring and recovery of data instances, data stores, and other such components in a data environment can be performed automatically using a separate control environment. A monitoring component of the control plane can include a set of event processors for monitoring a workload of the data environment, where an event processor detecting a problem in the data plane can cause a recovery workflow to be generated in order to recover from the detected problem. The event processors can communicate with each other such that if one of the event processors becomes unavailable, the other event processors in a set are able to automatically redistribute responsibility for the workload.
US08631282B2 Storage system using SAS standard back-end communication
Each of SAS expanders (“expander(s)” hereinafter) has a switch device for switching whether to bypass the expander in each communication path or not. Of the plurality of switch devices, an actual connection destination of a switch device bypassing the expander is a switch device in a upper-level and/or a lower-level of the switch device. Of the plurality of switch devices, an actual connection destination of a switch device that does not bypass an expander is the expander.
US08631278B2 Diagnostics for remote computer systems
A system for use in an environment having a remote computer system, a user associated with the remote computer system, and an error detection component for detecting errors associated with the remote computer system comprises a storage component for computer programs that performing diagnostics errors associated with the remote computer system, and a search component, responsive to a first error being detected, for searching the storage component for a first computer program associated with the first error. If a first computer program is found, a presentation component presents a first option to the user, wherein the first option is associated with selection of the first computer program. If the user selects the first computer program, an execution component executes the first computer program on the remote computer system.
US08631267B2 Adjustable byte lane offset for memory module to reduce skew
Disclosed herein are solutions for addressing the problem of skew of data within a byte lane by factors caused external to the integrated circuit or module providing the data. To compensate for such skew, an on-chip delay is added to the data out paths of those bits in the byte lane with otherwise would arrive early to their destinations. Such on-chip delay is provided delay circuits preferably positioned directly before the output buffers/bond pads of the integrated circuit or module. By intentionally delaying some of the outputs from the integrated circuit or module, external skew is compensated for so that all data in the byte lane arrives at the destination at substantially the same time. In a preferred embodiment, the delay circuits are programmable to allow the integrated circuit or module to be freely tailored to environments having different skew considerations, such as different styles of connectors.
US08631265B2 Synchronization circuit that facilitates multiple parallel reads and writes
The disclosed embodiments provide a synchronization circuit that supports multiple parallel reads and writes. This synchronization circuit includes multiple coupled data storage locations that synchronize data and control signals between two time domains and control logic that facilitates simultaneously accessing a variable number of such data storage locations in the same clock cycle. During operation, the synchronization circuit receives a request to simultaneously access (e.g., read and/or write) two or more synchronized data storage locations. In response to the request, the control logic in the synchronization circuit determines whether the present state of the synchronization circuit can accommodate the request, and if so, simultaneously accesses two or more synchronized data storage locations.
US08631264B2 Computer system
The present invention provides a computer system, comprising: a plurality of power suppliers; and a plurality of mainboards, each of which is electrically connected to the corresponding one of the plurality of power suppliers. Each mainboard comprises a switch module for generating a switch-on signal; a control module for receiving the switch-on signal and generating a power enable signal according to the switch-on signal; and a cascade module, electrically connected to the power supplier relative to the mainboard and the control module, for receiving the power enable signal, wherein the cascade module of the respective mainboard electrically connects to each other, and, when the control module of any mainboard sends out the power enable signal, it will be transferred to the other mainboards via the mainboard's cascade module, so that the plurality of power suppliers can provide power to the corresponding mainboard to implement the mainboard's booting synchronously.
US08631261B2 Context state management for processor feature sets
Embodiments of an invention related to context state management based on processor features are disclosed. In one embodiment, a processor includes instruction logic and state management logic. The instruction logic is to receive a state management instruction having a parameter to identify a subset of the features supported by the processor. The state management logic is to perform a state management operation specified by the state management instruction.
US08631260B2 Low power paging of consumer electronics
Systems, apparatuses, and methods are configured to monitor signals received via a transmission medium by a paging monitor to detect an activity trigger. Systems, apparatuses, and methods are further configured to, in response to detecting the activity trigger, cause, by the paging monitor, a main receiver to transition from an energy conservation mode to an active mode to monitor the transmission medium for data traffic.
US08631258B2 Apparatus and method for controlling power of fixing unit
An apparatus and method for controlling power of a fixing unit is provided. The apparatus includes a power supply unit supplying DC power to the fixing unit, and a power controller controlling the power supply unit to gradually increase a DC power supply time until a pre-set time is reached. Accordingly, a flicker characteristic can be reduced by gradually increasing a supply time of DC power to the fixing unit.
US08631254B2 Secure wake-up method, wake-up authentication code generation and updating method of a network device and a network control device in a wireless body area network
A network device and a network control device in a Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN), and a secure wake-up method and a wake-up authentication code (WAC) generation method of the network device and the network control device are provided. The network device includes a wake-up circuit to receive a wake-up radio signal from a network control device using a Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) receiver, to compare a WAC contained in the received wake-up radio signal with a WAC stored in advance, and to determine whether to wake up a main circuit unit, the network control device being contained in the WBAN; and the main circuit unit to be woken up in response to an interrupt signal from the wake-up circuit.
US08631252B2 Integrated circuit card with a high voltage generator that selectively supplys high voltage to a first and second set of bitlines associated with a first and second memory block in paralell
Disclosed is an integrated circuit card which includes a central processing unit (CPU); a first memory block and a second memory block configured to operate responsive to a control of the CPU; and a high voltage generator block configured to generate a high voltage to be supplied to the first and second memory blocks. When bit lines of the first memory block are set by the high voltage, the CPU controls the high voltage generator block to supply the second memory block with the high voltage for a program operation of the second memory block during the program operation of the first memory block.
US08631248B2 Pointguard: method and system for protecting programs against pointer corruption attacks
To protect computer programs against security attacks that attempt to corrupt pointers within the address space of the program, the value of a pointer is encrypted each time the pointer is initialized or modified, and then the value is decrypted before use, i.e., each time the pointer is read. Preferably, the encrypting and decrypting steps are effected by instructions generated by a compiler during compilation of the program. One convenient method of implementing the encrypting and decrypting steps is by XOR'ing the pointer with a predetermined encryption key value, which could be specially selected or selected at random.
US08631247B2 System and method for hardware based security
An asset management system is provided, which includes a hardware module operating as an asset control core. The asset control core generally includes a small hardware core embedded in a target system on chip that establishes a hardware-based point of trust on the silicon die. The asset control core can be used as a root of trust on a consumer device by having features that make it difficult to tamper with. The asset control core is able to generate a unique identifier for one device and participate in the tracking and provisioning of the device through a secure communication channel with an appliance. The appliance generally includes a secure module that caches and distributes provisioning data to one of many agents that connect to the asset control core, e.g. on a manufacturing line or in an after-market programming session.
US08631241B2 Secure configuration of computing device
In accordance with a broad aspect, a method is provided to securely configure a computing device. A configuration indication is received into the computing device, including receiving a digital signature generated based on the configuration indication. Generation of the digital signature accounts for a unique identifier nominally associated with the computing device. The received configuration indication may be verified to be authentic including processing the unique identifier, the received configuration indication and the received digital signature. The computing device may be operated or interoperated with in accordance with the received configuration indication. In one example, a service interoperates with the computing device. For example, the computing device may be a portable media player, and the service may provide media to the computing device based on a capacity indication of the configuration indication.
US08631231B2 Mobile device initiated transaction
One embodiment of the invention is directed to a method including receiving an alias identifier associated with an account associated with a presenter, determining an associated trusted party using the alias identifier, sending a verification request message to the trusted party after determining the associated trusted party, and receiving a verification response message.
US08631228B2 Hitless manual cryptographic key refresh in secure packet networks
In a hitless manual cryptographic key refresh scheme, a state machine is independently maintained at each network node. The state machine includes a first state, a second state, and a third state. In the first state, which is the steady state, a current cryptographic key is used both for generating signatures for outgoing packets and for authenticating signatures of incoming packets. In the second state, which is entered when a new cryptographic key is provisioned, the old (i.e. formerly current) key is still used for generating signatures for outgoing packets, however one or, if necessary, both of the old key and the newly provisioned key is used for authenticating signatures of incoming packets. In the third state, the new key is used for generating signatures for outgoing packets and either one or both of the old key and new key are used for authenticating signatures of incoming packets.
US08631227B2 Processing encrypted electronic documents
Electronic document processing logic coupled to a computer and to a quarantine is operable to identify an encrypted electronic document received at the computer; determine whether the key server stores particular decryption data, or credentials to access decryption data, that can decrypt the encrypted electronic document; in response to determining that the key server does not store particular decryption data that can decrypt the encrypted electronic document: store the electronic document in the quarantine; notify one of the users; receive from the one of the users the particular decryption data; decrypt the electronic document; scan the electronic document to identify specified content in the electronic document; and perform one or more responsive actions based on the specified content. As a result, encrypted content in documents or e-mail can be decrypted, scanned for viruses, malware, or prohibited content, and re-encrypted or delivered.
US08631225B2 Dynamically rewriting branch instructions to directly target an instruction cache location
Mechanisms are provided for dynamically rewriting branch instructions in a portion of code. The mechanisms execute a branch instruction in the portion of code. The mechanisms determine if a target instruction of the branch instruction, to which the branch instruction branches, is present in an instruction cache associated with the processor. Moreover, the mechanisms directly branch execution of the portion of code to the target instruction in the instruction cache, without intervention from an instruction cache runtime system, in response to a determination that the target instruction is present in the instruction cache. In addition, the mechanisms redirect execution of the portion of code to the instruction cache runtime system in response to a determination that the target instruction cannot be determined to be present in the instruction cache.
US08631223B2 Register file supporting transactional processing
A processor includes an instruction sequencing unit, execution unit, and multi-level register file including a first level register file having a lower access latency and a second level register file having a higher access latency. Responsive to the processor processing a second instruction in a transactional code section to obtain as an execution result a second register value of the logical register, the mapper moves a first register value of the logical register to the second level register file, places the second register value in the first level register file, marks the second register value as speculative, and replaces a first mapping for the logical register with a second mapping. Responsive to unsuccessful termination of the transactional code section, the mapper designates the second register value in the first level register file as invalid so that the first register value in the second level register file becomes the working value.
US08631222B2 Translation of input/output addresses to memory addresses
An address provided in a request issued by an adapter is converted to an address directly usable in accessing system memory. The address includes a plurality of bits, in which the plurality of bits includes a first portion of bits and a second portion of bits. The second portion of bits is used to index into one or more levels of address translation tables to perform the conversion, while the first portion of bits are ignored for the conversion. The first portion of bits are used to validate the address.
US08631220B2 Adjusting the timing of signals associated with a memory system
A system and method are provided for adjusting the timing of signals associated with a memory system. A memory controller is provided. Additionally, at least one memory module is provided. Further, at least one interface circuit is provided, the interface circuit capable of adjusting timing of signals associated with one or more of the memory controller and the at least one memory module.
US08631219B2 Method and system for dynamic memory management
A computer system which includes a plurality of threads and a garbage collector that traces memory objects and identifies memory objects according to a three-color abstraction. The computer system also includes two methods of deleting compiled code in a self-modifying multi-threaded computer system. The computer system also utilizes a method of handling links between fragments of code in a self-modifying multi-threaded computer system. The computer system also handles patches between two pieces of code.
US08631217B2 Apparatus, system, and method for virtual machine backup
An apparatus, system, and method are disclosed for a virtual machine backup. A name module establishes an administrative machine name for a virtual machine. A space module associates at least one administrative name space with the administrative machine name. A backup module backs up files belonging to the virtual machine using a backup proxy, wherein the files are segregated under the administrative machine name and are accessible using only a secure key belonging to the virtual machine and without using a backup proxy secure key. A mask module masks out pathname components for each backup file pathname so that the backup file pathname is equivalent to a virtual machine file pathname.
US08631215B1 Provisioning different types of write once, read many states
Example embodiments provide various techniques for provisioning a write once, read many (WORM) state. In one embodiment, an identifier is accessed. This identifier is assigned to a volume that is associated with an aggregate of storage devices and identifies a first type of the WORM state that is different from a second type of the WORM state associated with the aggregate. The first type of the WORM state is applied to the volume and the application results in different types of WORM states between the aggregate and the volume. Modification of data stored in the volume is then restricted based the first type of WORM state.
US08631206B1 Way-selecting translation lookaside buffer
Set-associative caches having corresponding methods and computer programs comprise: a data cache to provide a plurality of cache lines based on a set index of a virtual address, wherein each of the cache lines corresponds to one of a plurality of ways of the set-associative cache; a translation lookaside buffer to provide one of a plurality of way selections based on the set index of the virtual address and a virtual tag of the virtual address, wherein each of the way selections corresponds to one of the ways of the set-associative cache; and a way multiplexer to select one of the cache lines provided by the data cache based on the one of the plurality of way selections.
US08631204B2 Multi-resolution cache monitoring
Multi-resolution cache monitoring devices and methods are provided. Multi-resolution cache devices illustratively have a cache memory, an interface, an information unit, and a processing unit. The interface receives a request for data that may be included in the cache memory. The information unit has state information for the cache memory. The state information is organized in a hierarchical structure. The process unit searches the hierarchical structure for the requested data.
US08631202B2 Apparatuses and methods providing redundant array of independent disks access to non-volatile memory chips
A controller may include a RAID controller and an access controller. The RAID controller exchanges data with a host and select ones of a plurality of RAID levels responsive to RAID level information. The access controller is connected to the RAID controller and to a plurality of channels that are each connected to a plurality of non-volatile memory chips. The access controller accesses data in at least one of the non-volatile memory chips connected to each of the channels according to the selected RAID level. The controller can include a storage device and a main processor. The main processor logically partitions a plurality of non-volatile memory chips connected to each of a plurality of channels into a normal partition region and a RAID level partition region, where data access is performed according to a selected RAID level, in response partition information that is stored in the storage device.
US08631201B2 Dynamic allocation of virtualization function types to RAID levels
A storage control program causes a computer to execute a RAID level acquisition unit, a mapping unit, and a mapping information storage unit therein. The RAID level acquisition unit acquires RAID levels, supportable by a storage device including a plurality of storage mediums, from the storage device. The mapping unit maps the function types of a storage virtualization function in a host device accessing the storage device on the respective RAID levels acquired by the RAID level acquisition unit. The mapping information storage unit stores the correspondence relationship between the RAID levels and the function types mapped by the mapping unit as mapping information.
US08631196B2 Digital device configuration and method
A digital Storage Element is described. A device is configured including a Storage Element for access by a user responsive to a native control code. A processing arrangement executes a control program for controlling the overall device and executing at least a portion of the native control code as part of the control program for interfacing with the Storage Element. A programming arrangement is provided separate from the device for customizing a read channel within the Storage Element. Command, user interaction and data transfer execution are discussed for mitigation of potential mechanical shock effects. Status indications relating to the Storage Element are provided including head position and mechanical shock. Calibration, test and operational monitoring procedures, for using head position status, are described. Failure configuration monitoring is provided in tracking overall performance and design considerations.
US08631195B1 Content addressable memory having selectively interconnected shift register circuits
A search system for detecting whether one or more overlapping sequences of input characters match a regular expression including a prefix string preceding an intermediate expression having a quantified number m of characters belonging to a specified character class is disclosed. The search system includes a CAM array for storing the regular expression, a shift register for counting sequences of input characters that match the character class, and a control circuit that enables the shift register in response to a prefix match and increments the shift register in response to character class matches.
US08631193B2 Emulation of abstracted DIMMS using abstracted DRAMS
One embodiment of the present invention sets forth an abstracted memory subsystem comprising abstracted memories, which each may be configured to present memory related characteristics onto a memory system interface. The characteristics can be presented on the memory system interface via logic signals or protocol exchanges, and the characteristics may include any one or more of, an address space, a protocol, a memory type, a power management rule, a number of pipeline stages, a number of banks, a mapping to physical banks, a number of ranks, a timing characteristic, an address decoding option, a bus turnaround time parameter, an additional signal assertion, a sub-rank, a number of planes, or other memory-related characteristics. Some embodiments include an intelligent register device and/or, an intelligent buffer device. One advantage of the disclosed subsystem is that memory performance may be optimized regardless of the specific protocols used by the underlying memory hardware devices.
US08631192B2 Memory system and block merge method
In one embodiment, the invention provides a memory system including a flash memory device including a plurality of memory blocks implementing a plurality of data blocks, a plurality of log blocks, and a plurality of free blocks. The memory system further includes a flash translation layer maintaining the number of the free blocks to be at least equal to a reference number by converting selected memory blocks among the data and log blocks into free blocks via at least one merge operation during a background period. Additionally, the flash translation layer converts selected ones of the free blocks into data and log blocks, respectively.
US08631191B2 Information processing device, external storage device, host device, relay device, control program, and control method of information processing device
According to the embodiments, an external storage device switches to an interface controller for supporting only a read operation of nonvolatile memory when a shift condition for shifting to a read only mode is met. A host device switches to an interface driver for supporting only the read operation of the nonvolatile memory when determining to recognize as read only memory based on information acquired from the external storage device.
US08631189B2 Storage apparatus and storage system
A storage apparatus includes: an input/output section configured to input and output data related to an external access; a memory for storing input data input by the input/output section by distributing the input data to a plurality of areas while making use of a cache area for temporarily storing the input data; and a control section configured to make an access to the memory on the basis of the external access and carry out a garbage collection operation on the areas including the cache area in order to release the cache area in the access made to the memory on the basis of the external access.
US08631186B2 Hardware and file system agnostic mechanism for achieving capsule support
Methods and apparatus relating to a hardware and file system agnostic mechanism for achieving capsule support are described. In one embodiment, content associate with a capsule are stored in a non-volatile memory prior to a cold reset. A capsule descriptor may also be constructed, prior to the reset, which includes information about the physical location of the capsule content on the non-volatile memory. Other embodiments are also described and claimed.
US08631185B2 Method and system for transferring high-speed data within a portable device
A system for high-speed data transfer within a portable device, such as, cell phone or a set-top box, which includes a memory medium and a processor. The system includes a first port for coupling to the processor, and a second port for coupling to the memory medium. Further, the system includes an embedded Universal Serial Bus (USB) host configured for receiving data transfer commands from the processor, and transferring data at high speed between a USB device on the processor and the memory medium. Moreover, a data path is provided between the embedded USB host and the first port.
US08631184B2 Interconnection method and device, for example for systems-on-chip
Transactions of the request/response type between a first circuit module and a second circuit module operating with incompatible protocols or interfaces envisage organizing a queue of memory locations for storing transaction information items and transaction identifiers associated to said transactions and implementing the transactions via operations of reading/writing of the locations in the queue, mapping on the transaction identifiers information for management of the queue.
US08631183B2 Integrated circuit system, and data readout method
An integrated circuit system includes: a first integrated circuit that is connected with a first data bus having first bus width and requires first time to perform data transmission and reception once; a second integrated circuit that is connected with a second data bus having second bus width larger than the first bus width in bit width and requires second time longer than the first time to perform data transmission and reception once; and a relay circuit that is connected with the first data bus and the second data bus and transmits and receives data to and from the first integrated circuit and the second integrated circuit respectively via the buses.
US08631182B2 Wake-up signal test system having a test card for testing wake-up signal output by a platform controller hub of a motherboard
A wake-up signal test system to test a wake-up signal output by a platform controller hub (PCH) of a motherboard includes a test card and an oscillograph. The test card includes a board with an edge connector, and a button. The button is connected between a first ground pin and a first wake-up signal pin of the edge connector. When the edge connector is inserted into a peripheral component interconnect express (PCIe) socket of the motherboard, the first ground pin is connected to a second ground pin of the PCIe socket, the first wake-up signal pin is connected to a second wake-up pin of the PCIe socket. When the button is pressed, the first wake-up signal pin is connected to the first ground pin to output a low level signal to the PCH to wake up the motherboard. The oscillograph displays a voltage state of the low level signal.
US08631181B2 Validating message-signaled interrupts by tracking interrupt vectors assigned to devices
The disclosed embodiments provide a system that validates message-signaled interrupts. During operation, the system receives a message-signaled interrupt from a requesting device. This message-signaled interrupt includes an interrupt vector that identifies an interrupt, and is accompanied by an identification tag that identifies the source of the interrupt. The system uses the interrupt vector to access a stored tag from a tracking mechanism that associates source devices with their assigned interrupt vector(s). The system then compares the identification tag and the stored tag to validate the message-signaled interrupt.
US08631172B2 Router and method of routing with redundancy
A method of routing audio or video data. A plurality of source data inputs to input modules are divided into groups and main crosspoint modules receive one group from every input module, and destination data outputs from output modules are divided into groups and each output module receives one group from every main crosspoint module. Input modules send a duplicate of one selected group to a redundant crosspoint module and output modules receive a group from a redundant crosspoint module and can use that group in place of any group from a main crosspoint module.
US08631169B2 Restore PCIe transaction ID on the fly
Restoring retired transaction identifiers (TID) associated with Direct Memory Access (DMA) commands without waiting for all DMA traffic to terminate is disclosed. A scoreboard is used to track retired TIDs and selectively restore retired TIDs on the fly. DMA engines fetch a TID, and use it to tag every DMA request. If the request is completed, the TID can be recycled to be used to tag a subsequent request. However, if a request is not completed, the TID is retired. Retired TIDs can be restored without having to wait for DMA traffic to end. Any retired TID value may be mapped to a bit location inside a scoreboard. All processors in the system may have access to read and clear the scoreboard. Clearing the TID scoreboard may trigger a DMA engine to restore the TID mapped to that location, and the TID may be used again.
US08631162B2 System and method for network interfacing in a multiple network environment
Systems and methods that network interface in a multiple network environment are provided. In one embodiment, the system includes, for example, a network connector, a processor, a peripheral component interface (PCI) bridge and a unified driver. The processor may be coupled to the network connector and to the PCI bridge. The processor may be adapted, for example, to process a plurality of different types of network traffic. The unified driver may be coupled to the PCI bridge and may be adapted to provide drivers associated with the plurality of different types of network traffic.
US08631157B2 Automated double firmware upgrade
A downstream network device is booted into a final provisioned state by retrieving a configuration file a first time from an upstream network device, and checking if a currently booted software load of the downstream device matches a first software load (EE) described by the configuration file. If the currently booted software load of the downstream device does not match the EE, the downstream network device checks if the configuration file includes a description of a second software load (NE), and if so, the downstream network device checks if the currently booted software load matches the NE, and if not, the downstream network device downloads the first software load, boots the first software load, and retrieves the configuration file a second time.
US08631147B2 Systems and methods for configuring policy bank invocations
Systems and methods for configuring and evaluating policies that direct processing of one or more data streams are described. A configuration interface is described for allowing users to specify object oriented policies. These object oriented policies may allow any data structures to be applied with respect to a payload of a received packet stream, including any portions of HTTP traffic. A configuration interface may also allow the user to control the order in which policies and policy groups are executed, in addition to specifying actions to be taken if one or more policies are undefined. Systems and methods for processing the policies may allow efficient processing of object-oriented policies by applying potentially complex data structures to unstructured data streams. A device may also interpret and process a number of flow control commands and policy group invocation statements to determine an order of execution among a number of policies and policy groups. These policy configurations and processing may allow configuration and processing of complex network behaviors relating to load balancing, VPNs, SSL offloading, content switching, application security, acceleration, and caching.
US08631143B2 Apparatus and method for providing multimedia content
A method of selectively providing multimedia content to a content receiving device comprises determining whether a first content stream provided to the content receiving device meets a predetermined criterion. Responsive to determining that the first content stream does not meet the predetermined criterion, at least one other content stream which meets the predetermined criterion is selected for provision to the content receiving device.
US08631142B2 Inserting targeted content into a portlet content stream
A system, method and program product for inserting targeted content into a portlet content stream is provided. Specifically, the present invention provides a portal program that includes a container-managed portlet filter for inserting targeted web content into a portlet content stream based on a desired display mode of the portal user. Under the present invention, web content is obtained by a portlet from a content provider. Once obtained, the portlet outputs the web content as a portlet content stream to the portlet filter. The portlet filter then inserts the targeted content based on the desired display mode of the user. The combined targeted content and portlet content stream is then outputted to an aggregator where it is organized for display as a portal page.
US08631140B2 Intelligent network interface system and method for accelerated protocol processing
A system for protocol processing in a computer network has an intelligent network interface card (INIC) or communication processing device (CPD) associated with a host computer. The INIC provides a fast-path that avoids protocol processing for most large multipacket messages, greatly accelerating data communication. The INIC also assists the host for those message packets that are chosen for processing by host software layers. A communication control block for a message is defined that allows DMA controllers of the INIC to move data, free of headers, directly to or from a destination or source in the host. The context is stored in the INIC as a communication control block (CCB) that can be passed back to the host for message processing by the host. The INIC contains specialized hardware circuits that are much faster at their specific tasks than a general purpose CPU. A preferred embodiment includes a trio of pipelined processors with separate processors devoted to transmit, receive and management processing, with full duplex communication for four fast Ethernet nodes.
US08631136B2 Methods, systems, and computer programs for optimizing network performance
Methods, systems, and computer program products, for optimizing performance of ports in a network are provided. The method includes gathering a set of performance data for a port provisioned with a profile. The profile is defined by parameters with associated metrics that are used to establish a level of service for the port. The method also includes analyzing the set of performance data in light of the parameters in the profile to determine a current performance level of the port and performing a set of actions using the current performance level as a baseline. The set of actions include incrementally adjusting at least one of the parameters, determining another set of performance data in response to the adjusting, evaluating the performance data to determine a new performance level, and determining from the new performance level if a maximum performance level for the port is realized.
US08631135B2 Internet/intranet access mechanism
A method connects one of several customer premises equipment (CPE) via an ATM network to one of several service providers (SP). Each CPE is connected to the ATM network via a corresponding network termination point (NT). There is an access server function (ASF), having a permanent virtual connection (PVC) to each NT and a connection to each SP. A tunneling protocol is established on the permanent virtual connection between each NT and the ASF. The tunneling protocol is able to support an integrated signaling protocol. The CPE or its user select selects an appropriate SP by using the integrated signaling protocol. Routing from the CPE to the selected SP is performed by the ASF. The ASF connects the CPE to the selected SP using the integrated signaling protocol.
US08631132B2 Ensuring affinity at all affinity domains by folding at each affinity level possible for a partition spanning multiple nodes
The different illustrative embodiments provide a method, apparatus, and computer program product for folding at each affinity level for a partition spanning multiple nodes. In one illustrative embodiment, a method is provided for identifying a number of domains in a number of affinity levels. A lightest loaded domain is identified in the number of domains identified. A number of nodes are identified in the lightest loaded domain identified. A lightest loaded node is identified in the number of nodes. A lightest loaded processing unit on the lightest loaded node is identified and the lightest loaded processing unit is folded.
US08631130B2 Reserving resources in an on-demand compute environment from a local compute environment
Disclosed is an on-demand system and method for managing resources in an on-demand compute environment from a local compute environment. The method includes receiving information at a local resource broker that is associated with resources within an on-demand compute environment, based on the information, communicating instructions from the local resource broker to the on-demand compute environment and modifying resources associated with the on-demand compute environment based on the instructions.
US08631129B2 Service provider optimization of content management
A system and method for monitoring the performance associated with fulfilling resource requests and determining optimizations for improving such performance are provided. A processing device obtains and processes performance metric information associated with processing a request for an original resource and any embedded resource. The processing device uses the processed performance metric information to determine a set of service providers for alternatively hosting, processing, and/or transmitting at least a portion of the original resource and/or any embedded resources. In some embodiments, in making such a determination, the processing device assesses performance metric information collected and associated with subsequent resource requests for the original resource and any embedded resources using each of a variety of alternative set(s) of service providers. Aspects of systems and methods for generating recommendations associated with monitoring the operation and performance of service providers with respect to specific resource requests are also provided.
US08631126B2 System and markup language for information extraction from stand-alone devices in webspace
A system and markup language for information extraction from stand-alone devices in webspace is disclosed. Devices are provided with Internet accessibility, thus becoming web objects, able to send and receive data through the Internet. A web object is assigned a static and dynamic serial number by its manufacturer which contains data pertaining to the web object/device. Also, the web object has the capability to report on its status, making such information available over the Internet. Thus, the device's owner can monitor the device by accessing it through the Internet and a web page, and the manufacturer or other authorized user can also securely access the device/web object to monitor its status. The web object can thus report that maintenance is required, a service part should be ordered, and maintains this information within the dynamic portion of its serial number, which updates based on changes to its status.
US08631125B2 Network device and mobile device with state capture services
A method and system for identifying a trigger event for capturing state information of a user device; capturing the state information upon an identified occurrence of the trigger event; storing the state information in another device; obtaining the state information by another user device; and configuring the other user device based on the state information.
US08631124B2 Network analysis system and method utilizing collected metadata
A system, method and computer program product are provided for analyzing network traffic associated with network services. Initially, network traffic and metadata are collected from a network. Thereafter, the network traffic is analyzed utilizing the metadata.
US08631123B2 Domain based isolation of network ports
When an operating system process evaluates a rule for an operation being attempted on a logical network port, the operating system process determines whether the target logical port falls within a range of logical ports, and then determines whether the operation is associated with a permitted domain of the range of logical ports. If the operation is a bind operation, then the process attempting to bind to the target port will be allowed to bind if the target port falls within the range and the operation/process is associated with a permitted domain. Otherwise, the binding operation will not be allowed to proceed.
US08631108B2 Application and method for generating automated offers of service and service management system incorporating the same
A service management application and method. In one embodiment, the service management system includes: (1) a service description repository configured to contain service descriptions that define services in terms of a set of end points that assume roles based on at least one of capabilities and attributes thereof, the end points being selected from the group consisting of devices and systems and (2) an application associable with the service description repository and configured to compare capabilities of at least one of the end points with required capabilities expressed in at least one role of at least one of the service descriptions and present a service offering to a subscriber based thereon.
US08631105B2 Apparatus and method to optimize revenue realized under multiple service level agreements
A method to optimize revenue realized under multiple service level agreements with multiple data storage clients is disclosed. The method provides an information storage and retrieval system. The method includes entering into (N) service level agreements to provide data storage services for (N) applications using the information storage and retrieval system, where each of the (N) service level agreements specifies an average maximum response time RTSLA. The method calculates for each value of (j), the value per unit throughput νj for the (j)th application, and then determines for each value of (j) the optimum data flow rate x(j)OPT. The method estimates, for each value of (j), a maximum data flow rate X(j)MAX that the (j)th application can utilize, and determines, for each value of (j), if x(j)OPT equals X(j)MAX. For each value of (j) where x(j)OPT does not equal X(j)MAX, the method delays execution of I/O requests from the (j)th application, such that the average response time for the (j)th application equals RT(j)SLA.
US08631096B2 Adaptive selection of image streaming mode
A Picture Archiving and Communications System (PACS) transmits medical image information from a server to a viewing workstation. The mode of transmission that the system uses depends on a performance metric of the network. If the network is fast and stable, the entire DICOM image file is transmitted. If the network is not fast and stable, one of several other modes is used to transmit the image information.
US08631095B2 Coordinating multiple asynchronous postbacks
Techniques are described herein for coordinating multiple asynchronous postbacks. Each postback specifies a requestor that initiates the postback. A requestor is a request to update a corresponding region of a Web page. Each time a server receives a postback from a client, the server provides a response to the client that includes an update regarding a region of the Web page that corresponds to a requestor that initiates the postback. The response further includes a requestor for each region of the Web page that is to be updated once the response is processed by the client. Upon receipt of each response from the server, the client provides a postback to the server. The client and server may continue to communicate in this manner until all regions of the Web page that are to be updated have been updated.
US08631091B2 Content distribution network using a web browser and locally stored content to directly exchange content between users
In one embodiment, program code is added to a social network's web pages or site such that the content a first user accesses is locally stored at the first user's system. When another user, who is a friend of the first user, as defined by the social networking site, browses to that same content, the program code fetches it from the first user, instead of directly from the social networking site. The content is thus directly exchanged between the users without a transaction at the website. The present invention leverages the storage and bandwidth resources of social networking users to help serve content.
US08631085B2 Method for exchanging data
A method for exchanging data between a first and at least one second user of a network, the data being exchanged via frames in which during execution of a request by the first user to the at least one second user for a number of k payload data, a read instruction for an nth payload datum is transmitted in at least one nth frame to the at least one second user, and in which all available bits of an immediately subsequent (n+1)th frame are used for directly transmitting the nth payload datum in a response of the at least one second user to the first user.
US08631084B2 Dynamic tagging recommendation
In one embodiment, a geo-social networking system automatically tags one or more social contacts of a first user to a photo of the first user by ranking the social contacts based on spatial and temporal proximity to the first user, and in response to the first user's selection of one or more top ranked social contacts, associating the selected social contacts to the photo.
US08631083B2 Composing packages of electronic mail attachments
The present invention is directed to a method and system for composing a package of application files to be sent as e-mail attachments in e-mail communications. A plurality of data structures are created, wherein each data structure groups together a plurality of different user application files designated as attachments to an e-mail communication. Application files designated from within user applications are associated with selected data structures, such that each designated application file is associated with a selected data structure. During composition of an e-mail communication having attachments, a list of the data structures containing application files are provided.
US08631078B2 Method and system for embedded personalized communication
A method and system for embedded personalized communication have been disclosed. According to one embodiment, a computer-implemented method comprises providing software code to be embedded in a webpage. The webpage is loaded including the software code. A configuration file is fetched from a configuration server in response to the software code. A first instant messaging user interface is rendered on the webpage. A request is sent to a web-based instant messaging server, the request initiating an instant messaging session with a second instant messaging user interface.
US08631076B1 Methods and systems for associating instant messenger events
Systems and methods for associating instant messenger events are described. In one embodiment, a first instant messenger event is identified. It may then be determined whether the first instant messenger event is associated with at least a previously indexed second instant messenger event based, at least in part, on a relevance measure.
US08631072B2 Method for selection of suitable peers in a peer-to-peer (P2P) network
The present invention relates to a method for selecting suitable peers CL1-CL5 in a peer to peer network for content downloading. The method comprises: Requesting addresses of peers possessing a specified content. Receiving to an operator node MON4, a reply comprising the requested addresses. Modifying 3 the reply, which modifying is based on operator preference available to the operator node. Sending the modified reply to a requesting client.
US08631068B1 Peer-based communications system with scalable data model
A peer-based communications service is provided in which linking relationships between members and topics of interest and the properties of members and topics of interest are represented by links in a links table. Each row in the links table corresponds to a link. Each row contains an association portion and a descriptive attribute portion. Link associations are used to associate member and topic objects to each other and are used to associate a member or topic with a property of that member or topic. The descriptive attributes include privacy settings that are used to restrict access to content in the service. Members may be related to each other as friends, friends of friends, or through other relationships. The privacy settings may be used to restrict viewing of links and properties to appropriate members.
US08631067B2 Architecture, system and method for providing a neutral application programming interface for accessing different cloud computing systems
A method and apparatus for providing an application programming interface for accessing multiple disparate cloud computing systems is described. In one embodiment, the method includes defining a neutral format for cloud computing system requests and responses. The method may also include providing an application programming interface that exposes the neutral format to a client computer system to enable communication between the client computer system and a plurality of different cloud computing systems via the server computer system.
US08631066B2 Mechanism for providing virtual machines for use by multiple users
According to one aspect of the invention, a request to generate a state checkpoint of a computer is initiated within a user-level software entity, such as a virtual machine. Upon sensing the request, a checkpointing mechanism generates and stores at least one checkpoint, each checkpoint comprising a representation of the total state of the computer system. Upon sensing a state restoration request corresponding to one of the checkpoints, the checkpointing mechanism restores the checkpointed state in the computer, which can then resume operation from the restored total state. According to another aspect of the invention, a total checkpointed state is exported to another computer, where the state can be modified, for example, debugged, and then loaded into either the originally checkpointed computer (which, again, may be a virtual machine), or some other computer.
US08631065B2 System and method for seamlessly integrating separate information systems within an application
The present invention is, in one embodiment, a system and method based on a client-server architecture for seamlessly integrating various information systems. In one embodiment, a bundle of files is deployed to a collaboration client, in order to enable the integration of the collaboration client with disparate information systems and content. In one embodiment, content within a mailbox item is allowed to become a “live” object, and is associated with trigger events, and actions, including sending all or part of the content to a separate information system. In one embodiment, mailbox items are subjected to predefined searches to assess whether they include certain content objects. In another embodiment, panel item elements are visible in the overview panel of the collaboration client. The user may interact with the panel items by dragging content onto them, double clicking them, and invoking actions from a context menu if one is available.
US08631063B2 Modular platform enabling heterogeneous devices, sensors and actuators to integrate automatically into heterogeneous networks
A system includes a hardware platform, at least one driver, a plurality of devices connected to the hardware platform, a middleware interface, and a plurality of software services. Each of the plurality of devices is selected from the group consisting of sensors and actuators. The plurality of software services is generated by the at least one driver, wherein a software service associates with a device, and wherein each of the software services complies with the middleware interface. A method for interfacing a plurality of devices to a hardware platform includes communicably connecting each of the plurality of devices to the hardware platform, converting each of the plurality of devices into a programmable software service using a driver, and programming each of the software services to comply with a middleware interface.
US08631060B2 Fast algorithms for computation of 5-point DCT-II, DCT-IV, and DST-IV, and architectures
A more efficient encoder/decoder is provided in which an N-point MDCT transform is mapped into smaller sized N/2-point DCT-IV, DST-IV and/or DCT-II transforms. The MDCT may be systematically decimated by factor of 2 by utilizing a uniformly scaled 5-point DCT-II core function as opposed to the DCT-IV or FFT cores used in many existing MDCT designs in audio codecs. Various transform factorizations of the 5-point transforms may be implemented to more efficiently implement a transform.
US08631054B2 Scaled exponential smoothing
A method and system for scaled exponential smoothing are provided. Multiple exponentially smoothed values are maintained for items and events occur on one or more of the items. The method maintains a gradually inflated representation of the smoothed values of items, such that the representation at a given time for an item where no event has occurred is not altered. Using a scaling technique enables the smoothed values for the objects on which an event has not occurred to remain the same. This reduces the number of calculations required significantly, enabling the use of the smoothing technique in a wide range of applications.
US08631053B2 Method for securely determining Manhattan distances
Embodiments disclose a method and a system for determining securely the Manhattan distance between a first and a second signal. The system is mapping the first signal to a first binary signal; mapping the second signal to a second binary signal, such that the squared distance between the first signal and the second binary signals equals the Manhattan distance; reducing respectively dimensions of the first binary signal and the second binary signal to produce a first low dimensional signal and a second low dimensional signal, such that the squared distance between the first low dimensional signal and the second low dimensional signals approximates the squared distance between the first binary signal and the second binary signals; and determining securely the squared distance between the first low dimensional signal and the second low dimensional signals to securely determine the Manhattan distance between the first signal and the second signal.
US08631048B1 Data alignment system
Methods, systems, and computer-readable media relating to adapting existing data based on one or more new sets of data are provided. An exemplary method comprises extracting a data model from a new data set. The method further comprises determining one or more ontology assertions based on the extracted data model and modifying at least one existing ontology based on the one or more ontology assertions.
US08631046B2 Generic ontology based semantic business policy engine
Techniques for implementing policies. In an embodiment, first data is stored in a first data store according to a first schema. A second schema is defined based at least in part on a policy and an ontology. Second data, which includes at least a portion of the first data, is stored in a second data store according to the second schema. Storing the second data is based at least in part on a mapping of the first schema to the second schema. At least a portion of the second data is analyzed and results of the analysis are provided to a user.
US08631045B2 System and method for network administration and local administration of privacy protection criteria
Cookie files are screened in a client machine, wherein a cookie file includes a cookie file source. A request from a subscriber is received at a server to send a list of untrusted cookie file sources to the client machine. The list of untrusted cookie file sources is downloaded from the server to the client machine. The downloaded list of untrusted cookie file sources is used to detect cookie files received at the client machine from cookie file sources on the downloaded list by comparing the cookie file source of any received cookie file to the untrusted cookie file sources on the downloaded list.
US08631044B2 Machine optimization devices, methods, and systems
A method, system, computer program product and computer readable media for matching using degree distribution information are disclosed. An embodiment of the method can include performing b-matching on a graph data structure expanded using degree distribution information in order to identify neighbors of a selected input node. The b-matching can be performed using belief propagation. The belief propagation method is adapted to use a compressed message update rule and to be suitable for use with distributed processing systems. An embodiment can also include enhancing a matching result by applying degree distribution information to a first matching result to generate a second matching result. Embodiments for online advertisement/search term matching, product recommendation, dating service and social network matching, auction buyer/seller matching and resource allocation, among other, are disclosed.
US08631038B2 Managing digital identity information
A basic architecture for managing digital identity information in a network such as the World Wide Web is provided. A user of the architecture can organize his or her information into one or more profiles which reflect the nature of different relationships between the user and other entities, and grant or deny each entity access to a given profile. Various enhancements which may be provided through the architecture are also described, including tools for filtering email, controlling access to user web pages, locating other users and making one's own location known, browsing or mailing anonymously, filling in web forms automatically with information already provided once by hand, logging in automatically, securely logging in to multiple sites with a single password and doing so from any machine on the network, and other enhancements.
US08631031B1 Multidimensional associative array database
An associative array stores data in a matrix form responsive to linear algebra operations. A set of associative arrays employed for representing data are each composable, such that operations performed on them generate a result that is also an associative array responsive to linear algebra operations. An algebraic engine implements standard linear algebra computations for performing database operations. In contrast to conventional relational models, the associative arrays are not bound by a rigid schema and transaction atomicity, which tend to impose transactional overhead. The associative arrays store only non-null entries as tuples. The tuples, are responsive to linear algebra operations, which employ simpler coding constructs than conventional relational SQL or other access mechanisms. The associative arrays and algebraic engine enjoy relaxed consistency, which recognizes that many queries seek information that is malleable over time, and need not rely on global consistency or transaction atomicity in order to retrieve useful results.
US08631029B1 Evolutionary content determination and management
A visual refinement interface enables users to adjust and/or refine search results by selecting results that match a user's interest, and displaying subsequent results that are closer to the selected items. Multiple result sets can be displayed concurrently such that the user can maintain context for the results. Further, the user can quickly go back to modify an earlier selection without having to navigate to a previous page, for example, and a single modification can cause several subsequent result sets to automatically change such that the user can quickly view dozens of new results, for example, simply by selecting at least one different result from a displayed result set. Prior result sets can be modified, such as by reducing the size or adjusting the placement of the sets, such that the user can easily determine the current set and the relatedness to previous results sets.
US08631027B2 Integrated external related phrase information into a phrase-based indexing information retrieval system
An information retrieval system uses phrases to index, retrieve, organize and describe documents, analyzing documents and storing the results of the analysis as phrase data. Phrases are identified that predict the presence of other phrases in documents. Documents are the indexed according to their included phrases. Related phrases and phrase extensions are also identified. Changes to existing phrase data about a document collection submitted by a user is captured and analyzed, and the existing phrase data is updated to reflect the additional knowledge gained through the analysis.
US08631026B1 Methods and systems for efficient query rewriting
Methods and systems for efficient query rewriting and the like are described here. One such described method comprises: offline mapping frequently-seen search queries to rewritten queries that may be better for searching; offline caching the mapping in a cache memory; and upon receiving a search query from a user similar to one of the mapped search queries, obtaining a corresponding rewritten query from the mapping in the cache memory based on predetermined conditions, and issuing a search of the rewritten query to the backend data system in order to avoid having to issue a search query to the backend data system twice while the user is online.
US08631024B2 High-performance, scalable, adaptive and multi-dimensional event repository
A High-Performance, Scalable, Adaptive and Multi-dimensional Event Repository is described and utilized in a method for publishing an event in a database. The present method includes transparently intercepting a request to a database to publish an event. A messaging system operable with the database intercepts the request. The present method further includes examining an event repository for a template of the event. The event repository is operable with the database and the messaging system. The present method additionally includes retrieving the event template from the event repository. The present method also includes marshalling the event template to create the event. The present method also includes publishing the event in an event queue.
US08631023B2 Content list display method, content list display apparatus, content selecting and processing method, and content selecting and processing apparatus
A content list display method includes the step of displaying a list of private content owned by a user and public content not owned by the user on a screen by using a predetermined common attribute as a search key attribute for search and display such that a difference between the private content and the public content can be visually recognized.
US08631018B2 Presenting sponsored content on a mobile communication facility
A computer-implemented method for positioning targeted sponsored content on a cellular phone includes the steps of (a) assessing a likelihood of an interaction by a user of the cellular phone with a sponsored content, wherein the assessment is based on a plurality of user characteristics associated with the cellular phone including (i) a credit card datum; and (ii) a predefined hardware or software characteristic of the cellular phone; (c) prioritizing the placement of the sponsored content within one of a plurality of predefined areas of a graphical user interface of the cellular phone over the placement of other sponsored content within the same area, wherein the prioritization is based on the assessment of the likelihood of the interaction of the user of the cellular phone with the sponsored content; and (d) presenting the sponsored content within the one of a plurality of predefined areas of the graphical user interface.
US08631010B1 Systems and methods for using anchor text as parallel corpora for cross-language information retrieval
A method may include obtaining, based on a content of a search query, one or more documents in a first language; identifying one or more documents in a second language that contain an anchor that links to the one or more documents in the first language, the second language being different than the first language; and translating one or more terms of the search query into the second language using content included in the one or more documents in the second language.
US08631004B2 Search suggestion clustering and presentation
Disclosed are methods and apparatus for clustering and presenting search suggestions. A segment of text is obtained via a search query section of a user interface, the segment of text being a portion of a search query. A set of suggestions is obtained, each suggestion in the set of suggestions being a suggested search query relating to the segment of text. Two or more groups of suggestions are generated, each of the two or more groups of suggestions including a different subset of the set of suggestions. The two or more groups of suggestions are provided such that each of the two or more groups of suggestions is displayed in a separate partition of a search assistance segment of the user interface.
US08631003B2 Query identification and association
Apparatus, systems and methods for predictive query identification for advertisements are disclosed. Candidate query are identified from queries stored in a query log. Relevancy scores for a plurality of web documents are generated, each relevancy score associated with a corresponding web document and being a measure of the relevance of the candidate query to the web document. A web document having an associated relevancy score that exceeds a relevancy threshold is selected. The selected web document is associated with the candidate query.
US08631000B2 Scan sharing for query predicate evaluations in column-based in-memory database systems
A plurality of queries of an in-memory column-oriented database are obtained. Each of the queries has at least one column predicate. For each of the queries, it is determined which of a plurality of columns in the in-memory column-oriented database need to be scanned. The plurality of queries are grouped into a plurality of scan groups, based at least in part on the determining step. The column predicates are evaluated for those of the queries in a given one of the scan groups in accordance with a scheduling scheme. The grouping step and the scheduling scheme take into account real time scan information.
US08630991B2 Mobile system for collecting and distributing real-estate evaluation reports
The present invention provides an elegant means of interaction between real estate agents who employ mobile devices, wherein the property evaluation information created by any agent is shared with other agents, and wherein such property evaluations created from and collected from a plurality of mobile devices. In particular, property evaluations created by an agent are forwarded to a service provided in accordance with the present invention to communicate with other agents who may also employ mobile devices to review them. The present invention facilitates an evaluation report that is created by a real estate agent before a property sale is contracted or agreed to, typically when a property comes to the market for sale, when an agent is able to review the property and create an evaluation report that is sharable with other agents or with other users, such as potential buyers.
US08630990B2 Software training system interacting with online entities
A non-transitory processor-readable medium stores code representing instructions configured to cause a processor to send a first signal to cause a client device to display an instruction directing a user to perform a task associated with a user profile of an online entity. The code is configured to cause the processor to produce a query formatted according to an API associated with the online entity. The code is configured to cause the processor to send a second signal including the query to at least one of the client device or the online entity, and receive a third signal including a datum associated with the task. The code is configured to cause the processor to update a status of the indicated task based on the datum, and send a fourth signal to cause the client device to produce an indication associated with the status of the task.
US08630985B2 Automatic failover configuration with lightweight observer
Techniques used in an automatic failover configuration having a primary database system, a standby database system, and an observer for preventing divergence among the primary and standby database systems while increasing the availability of the primary database system. In the automatic failover configuration, the primary database system remains available even in the absence of both the standby and the observer as long as the standby and the observer become absent sequentially. The failover configuration further permits automatic failover only when the observer is present and the standby and the primary are synchronized and inhibits state changes during failover. The database systems and the observer have copies of failover configuration state and the techniques include techniques for propagating the most recent version of the state among the databases and the observer and techniques for using carefully-ordered writes to ensure that state changes are propagated in a fashion which prevents divergence.
US08630982B2 Individual object restore
A method for restoring an object comprises receiving a request to restore an object. Also, the method includes outputting a representation of available backup files and receiving a selection of at least one of the available backup files. Further, the method comprises restoring at least one of the selected backup files into a temporary location and mounting at least one of the restored backup files as a server. In addition, the method includes outputting a representation of available objects from the server and receiving a selection of at least one of the available objects to be restored from the server. Also, the method includes copying one or more selected objects from the server into an Active Directory.
US08630981B1 Techniques for differencing binary installation packages
Techniques for differencing binary installation packages are disclosed. In one particular exemplary embodiment, the techniques may be realized as a method for performing differencing binary installation packages. The method may comprise populating at least one data structure using information from different builds of a binary installation package, comparing information in the at least one data structure, and generating a result of the comparison.
US08630978B2 Method of bi-directional synchronization of user data
Techniques for enabling writing and reading to and from a user file by at least a virtual software application. The user file includes a session file, an index file, and a data file. The techniques enable roaming between computers without the need to reconfigure, for example, the personalized information when switching between computers.
US08630977B2 Method, apparatus, and system for data synchronization
A method, an apparatus, and a system for data synchronization are disclosed. The method includes: receiving a parameter value change notification message which carries a parameter change event and/or a digest of a specific parameter; and synchronizing data according to the parameter value change notification message. The synchronizing the data includes synchronizing the data in a parameter change record table stored in a Customer Premises Equipment (CPE). An Auto-Configuration Server (ACS) includes a receiving unit and a synchronizing unit. In this way, the requirement on the ACS is lowered and the burden of the ACS is relieved.
US08630975B1 Knowledge discovery from citation networks
In a corpus of scientific articles such as a digital library, documents are connected by citations and one document plays two different roles in the corpus: document itself and a citation of other documents. A Bernoulli Process Topic (BPT) model is provided which models the corpus at two levels: document level and citation level. In the BPT model, each document has two different representations in the latent topic space associated with its roles. Moreover, the multi-level hierarchical structure of the citation network is captured by a generative process involving a Bernoulli process. The distribution parameters of the BPT model are estimated by a variational approximation approach.
US08630974B2 Real estate disclosure reporting method
A real estate disclosure reporting method identifies a subject property, accesses an insurance claim database, determines from the database whether an insurance claim has been filed for the subject property and generates a report regarding the subject property and the insurance claim.
US08630973B2 Distributed processing system for calculations based on objects from massive databases
Calculations to be performed on a massive data set may be delegated to a plurality of local servers for parallel processing. Each local server advances through a subset of database objects to determine if the objects are relevant to the calculation. If so, the objects' data is used as an operand to the calculation to generate intermediate results at the local server. The intermediate results of the various local servers are transmitted to a central server, which generates final results and transmits them back to the local servers. The local servers write the final results into each object in its respective subset, where relevant. The method is efficient because each object in the database is opened at most twice. Opening and closing database objects often involve transfers from bulk storage and, therefore, are some of the most time-consuming operations that computer systems perform.
US08630971B2 System and method of using Multi Pattern Viterbi Algorithm for joint decoding of multiple patterns
Systems, devices, and methods for using Multi-Pattern Viterbi Algorithm for joint decoding of multiple patterns are disclosed. An exemplary method may receive a plurality of sets of time-sequential signal observations for each of a number K of signal repetitions. Further, each set of signal observations is associated with a respective dimension of a K-dimensional time grid having time-indexed points. Moreover, at each of a plurality of the time-indexed points, a state cost metric is calculated with a processor for each state in a set of states of a hidden Markov model (HMM). In addition, each state in the set of states and for a given time-indexed point, the state cost metric calculation provides a most-likely predecessor state and a corresponding most-likely predecessor time-indexed point. The exemplary method may also determine a sequence of states using the calculated state cost metrics and determine a corresponding cumulative probability measure for the HMM.
US08630968B2 Selective content block of posts to social network
Mechanisms are provided herein which are directed toward monitoring a user's interaction with a website when the user is utilizing an enterprise device to conduct the interaction. The monitoring of the interaction can lead to the generation of one or more automated responses to control the interaction in accordance with enterprise policy or rules. The types of interactions which can be controlled include interactions where the user is attempting to post data on the website.
US08630966B2 Temporally dynamic artificial neural networks
An apparatus, article and method containing an artificial neural network that, after training, produces new trainable nodes such that input data representative of a first event and input data representative of a second event both activate a subset of the new trainable nodes. The artificial neural network can generate an output that is influenced by the input data of both events. In various embodiments, the new trainable nodes are sequentially produced and show decreasing trainability over time such that, at a particular point in time, newer produced nodes are more trainable than earlier produced nodes. The artificial neural network can be included in various embodiments of methods, apparatus and articles for use in predicting or profiling events.
US08630964B2 Using a genetic algorithm employing an expedited convergence mechanism to at least partially fit a medical implant to a patient using patient feedback
Apparatus and method for at least partially fitting a medical implant system to a patient is described. These apparatuses and methods comprise executing a genetic algorithm to select a set of parameter values for the medical implant system. This genetic algorithm may comprise generating successive generations of child populations until a confidence threshold is reached. This confidence threshold comprises determining whether the values of each parameter value to be selected have converged on particular value with a specified confidence level. In determining whether the values have converged, one or more initial generations of the search may be excluded in computing the likelihood that the value has converged.
US08630960B2 Method of testing online recommender system
A recommender system can be analyzed to determine various performance characteristics of an online content service provider. The recommender system is analyzed using a predetermined policy, to determine if it satisfies such policy, and/or has other measurable intended and/or unintended biases. The policy can include such parameters as whether a particular profile is presented with certain particular types of items by the recommender system. The reliability of search engines can also be tested using a similar approach.
US08630958B2 Systems and methods for multi-vehicle resource allocation and routing solutions
A computer system for allocating and routing a plurality of servicing objects within a map of a region such that work load is balanced across the plurality of servicing objects is provided. The system formulates a model for allocating and routing the plurality of servicing objects in the region. The model comprises a distance matrix based upon a first plurality of segments or a second plurality of intersections in the map. The memory stores instructions for partitioning the map into a plurality of disjoint contiguous sub-regions in view of the distance matrix using an equitable convex region partition algorithm. The memory further stores instructions for calculating a corresponding tour graph for each sub-region in the plurality of sub-regions, where, for each respective sub-region in the plurality of sub-regions, a servicing object in the plurality of servicing objects is assigned to the tour graph that corresponds to the respective sub-region.
US08630957B2 Rule based system and method for charging student accounts
A system for charging one ore learning session to one or more student accounts comprises an online learning system having one or more nodes that creates one or more online learning sessions. An enrollment node receives student enrollment information, including responsible authority information. A scheduling node schedules the online learning session. A database stores one or more student accounts created based on the received student enrollment information. The same or another databases stores information relating to one or more responsible authority charge criterion for charging the one or more learning sessions to the one or more student accounts. An activity node receives one or more session activity information associated with the one or more learning sessions and an accounting node associates a charge information for a learning session to an student account based the one or more responsible authority charge criterion and one or more session activity information.
US08630956B2 Obscuring image of person in picture when consent to share image is denied
Some embodiments of the invention provide a server apparatus, comprising: a control block comprising at least one processor; at least one data reception unit operable to receive a request to share a picture; at least one storage facility, storing programmed instructions for execution by the control block, the programmed instructions defining an image analysis engine operable to determine that the picture comprises an image of a person; and at least one data transmission unit operable to issue a request to the person, or someone associated with the person, to consent to sharing the image. Other embodiments provide a method, performed by at least one computer. The method comprises: (A) receiving a request to share a picture; (B) determining that the picture comprises an image of a person; and (C) requesting that the person, or someone associated with the person, consent to sharing the image.
US08630950B2 Method and device for depositing checks
A system and method for depositing and processing checks using an ATM is provided. The method includes capturing the image data of the check with a reading unit, transmitting the image data to a web service based on an open API (Application Programming Interface) without resorting to standard protocols of ATMs. The method also includes processing the image data with the web service so that the text data on the check is recognized. When calling the API, version information is transmitted to ensure that the web service is a correct web service. When a version indicated by the version information is not supported, an error is reported to the ATM and transmission is reattempted for a predetermined number of times. The method also includes booking the recognized data on the basis of account information determined from a credit card by a magnetic card reader.
US08630949B2 Electronic bill presentation and payment method and system
A comprehensive electronic bill presentment and payment system and method is described. Bills can be received by the system, in any electronic format. Bills can also be received by the system through conventional paper-based channels. Paper bills are scanned and information is extracted from the scanned bill images using OCR techniques. Bill payments can be issued using either electronic or paper-based methods. A single electronic bill presentment and payment interface is provided which shields the user from evolving billing practices.
US08630948B1 Systems and methods for routing bill payments
Electronic payments are typically initiated on a bank's web site, and then routed to a third-party processor for payment. There may be different processors having different pricing structures. Routing software may be provided that routes payments to the various processors (or causes payments to be processed without a third-party processor) based on considerations of cost-effectiveness. For example, the routing software may choose the payment processor that has the lowest price for a certain type of payment, or may route a certain number of payments to a processor in order to fulfill volume pricing minimums, or may aggregate payments for several days in order to handle the payments in one transaction and reduce transaction fees.
US08630941B2 Derivatives trading methods that use a variable order price and a hedge transaction
Systems and methods are provided for executing a hedge transaction in connection with the execution of a derivative product order in which the price of the derivative product is defined by one or more variables. The hedge transaction may be executed at an exchange or match engine that is different from the exchange or match engine executing the derivative product order. The execution of derivative product transaction may be contingent on the existence of an appropriate hedge transaction. Alternatively, a best efforts approach may be used to fill the hedge transaction order after executing the derivative product transaction.
US08630936B2 Outlying trading orders
A method of managing trading is provided. In a market for a particular type of instrument, buy orders and sell orders are received from a plurality of traders. Each buy order has an associated bid price and each sell order has an associated offer price. A determination is made of whether the particular trading order is an outlying trading order by determining whether the particular trading order differs from at least one comparison price by more than a threshold value. If it is determined that the particular trading order is an outlying trading order, a restrictive action is taken regarding the outlying trading order. For example, if a trader subsequently submits another trading order that would trade with the outlying trading order, an alert message may be sent to the trader and the subsequent trading order may be prevented from trading with the outlying trading order at least temporarily.
US08630935B1 System and method for the creation and rebalancing of beneficial interests in tracking investment vehicles over multiple market
A computer implemented process and system is disclosed that relates to methods and systems for creating, tracking, and adjusting beneficial interests of collective investment vehicles on a real-time basis based on exogenous market price movement and transaction activity on the beneficial interests. The disclosed technology encompasses systems and methods of communication with securities exchanges, market makers, brokerage firms, custodians, investors, and the administrator of the investment vehicle. Such communications enable the market value of the interests to accurately track an underlying reference index, over time horizons equal to or longer than one trading day. Such accurate tracking occurs even in a collective investment vehicle relating to leveraged or inverse returns.
US08630927B1 Locating and organizing digital receipt data for use in in-store audits
The present invention extends to methods, systems, and computer program products for auditing in-store sales transactions when a digital receipt is issued. A receipt application server formulates a digital receipt from digital receipt data received from a POS system. The digital receipt is sent from the receipt application server to an auditor mobile device at the location of the POS system. A human auditor can view the digital receipt during an in-store audit. In some embodiments, one or both of the receipt application server and the auditor mobile device reorder receipt entries so that items having specified characteristics are presented more prominently on a display. For example, receipt entries can be re-ordered such that higher profit margin items, bulkier items, or more likely to be stolen items are presented more prominently. As such, a human auditor is more likely to expressly audit these types of items.
US08630925B2 Method and apparatus for controlling service traffic in a communication network
A method and corresponding apparatus for controlling service traffic in a communication network including an online charging system performing the steps of receiving a request for service traffic control, the request including at least data identifying a first communication network account; determining, based on the received data and a predefined set of rules, a first network traffic policy profile associated with the first account; transmitting to a Policy and Charging Rules Function PCRF a first policy control command including an identifier identifying the first network traffic policy profile stored in an network traffic policy profile entity, to be applied in controlling the service.
US08630920B2 Method and system for adjusting product ranking scores based on an adjustment factor
Methods and systems for evaluating business rules for the purpose of promoting or demoting an item listing are presented. Consistent with an example embodiment, a conditional statement of a business rule that includes one or more expressions involving an item attribute and/or a seller attribute for an item listing is evaluated. If the conditional statement evaluates true, an adjustment factor set forth in the business rule is applied to a ranking score assigned to the item listing. The item listing is then presented in a search results page in a position relative to other item listings based upon the adjusted ranking score.
US08630919B2 System and method for generating a narrative summary
A method and system for automatically generating a self-updating naturally-reading narrative product summary including assertions about a selected product. In one embodiment, the system and method includes evaluating an existing narrative product summary, comparing an existing attribute name, attribute value, attribute unit, and assertion model, respectively, to a current attribute name, attribute value, attribute unit, and assertion model to determine if one of the comparisons shows a change. The system and method further determines a new attribute associated with the selected product, selects an alternative product, retrieves a new assertion model with assertions that describe the selected product and identify an alternative product in a natural manner. The system and method then generates a naturally-reading narrative product summary by combining the new attribute with the new retrieved assertion model, and by combining the selected alternative product with another retrieved assertion model to recommend the selected alternative product in the narrative.
US08630915B1 System, method, and computer readable medium for item feed classification
This document relates to classification of items included in a data feed. For example, a feed of items is generated for provision to a referral network site. The feed includes some of the items sold through an electronic commerce network site. Item classification information corresponding to an item sold through the electronic commerce network site is identified based upon the taxonomy information of the referral network site and included in the generated feed of items.
US08630911B2 Salvage liquidation system and a method to liquidate salvage
A method for effecting electronic commerce via a network whereby salvage, excess or liquidated products to be sold are identified, and prospective buyers are qualified to purchase the products in accordance with selected conditions. The product is matched with a qualified buyer in accordance with additional conditions. The goods are then shipped, invoiced automatically, and the payments are processed directly by the buyer's financial institution or payor in response to receipt; and presentation of the invoice. The method is implemented using a suitably programmed computer containing a computer readable media.
US08630910B2 Multi-party, multi-tier system for managing paper purchase and distribution
A system, including apparatuses and methods, for paper production and distribution in a communication network environment with multi-party and multi-level production and distribution relationships. The system receives, from one or more communicatively connected paper purchaser computers, parameters representative of the total surface area and physical characteristics of paper products required for printing tasks. The system determines an estimated quantity of the paper products to order based at least in part on the received parameters. Then, the system displays the estimated quantity of the paper to order and communicates orders to production facilities for obtaining such quantity.
US08630909B2 Disambiguating point-of-sale data through item indexing
A point-of-sale interface receives point-of-sale quantities for a number of individual items, as well as point-of-sale quantity for a miscellaneous group item that includes undifferentiated sales of one or more of the individual items. An item indexer calculates an item index for at least one individual item, the item index comprising a fraction of the miscellaneous group item sales attributable to the individual item. A sales disambiguator then computes a revised point-of-sale quantity for the at least one individual item using the item index and the point-of-sale quantities for the miscellaneous group item and the at least one individual item.
US08630908B2 Distributed point of sale, electronic article surveillance, and product information system, apparatus and method
A distributed point of sale, electronic article surveillance, and product information system. The system can include a central database and at least one integrated POS/EAS/information terminal adapted to communicate with NFC-enabled devices, RFID and EAS tags, and the database, wherein, when a customer places an NFC-enabled device and a product having an RFID and EAS tag and proximate the terminal, the terminal facilitates a transaction for purchasing the product. The terminal can include a processor, an NFC transceiver, a UHF RFID reader, and a Bluetooth transceiver. The transaction for purchasing the product can be performed via the NFC-enabled device.
US08630905B2 Single tap transactions using a secure element
The invention describes how a consumer can hold their NFC enabled device in proximity to an NFC enabled point-of-sale terminal and with a single “wave” or “tap” to automatically redeem coupons, pay for a purchase using a default payment card or a selected card, view receipts view reward point balances, and receive relevant coupons and other digital artifacts both before and after the purchase. The NFC enabled device includes a secure element with a payment application, payment credentials, and other digital artifacts such as coupons. The secure element can be internal to the mobile device, externally affixed to the mobile device, or inserted into a slot within the body of the mobile device.
US08630904B2 Transaction authentication with a variable-type user-stored account identifier
Each of a plurality of consumer accounts in a data store has a first consumer account identifier. Login information is received from a consumer device over the network interface device. The first consumer account identifier is received from the consumer device and stored in association the consumer account. The first consumer account identifier is storable as one of at least two types of identifiers and the storing by the consumer device of the first consumer account identifier is only permitted upon successful login based on the login information. The charge request is received over a network interface device, the charge request including the amount and the second consumer account identifier. A selected one of the consumer accounts is identified by associating one of the first consumer account identifiers with the second consumer account identifier, and the charge request is processed based on an account detail of the selected consumer account.
US08630899B1 System and method for interactive advertisement augmentation via a called voice connection
Disclosed herein are systems, methods, and non-transitory computer-readable storage media for streaming audio. The system includes a processor and modules configured to control the processor to present an audio stream from a website to a user phone or device via a telephone call, the audio stream having an advertisement, and detect feedback from the user in response to the advertisement. The system also includes modules configured to control the processor to buffer the audio stream from a point in time associated with the detected feedback, and connect via the telephone call to a commerce presence associated with the advertisement and create a telephone call session between the user device and the commerce presence. The method includes presenting an audio stream from a website to a user device via a telephone call, and detecting feedback from the user about advertisements.
US08630895B2 Systems and methods for saving advertisements
Methods, machine-readable media, apparatuses and systems are provided to save electronic advertisements selected by a user. An electronic advertisement displayed with a first application of a mobile device of the user is received after selection of a save option associated with the electronic advertisement. The electronic advertisement is saved. The electronic advertisement is provided to the mobile device after receipt of a command from a second application of the mobile device. The electronic advertisements may include any type of incentive or offer, including coupons.
US08630894B2 Method and system for searching for, and monitoring assessment of, original content creators and the original content thereof
System and method may control transmission of a notification to an assessor when a geographic designation set as criteria matches a geographic designation of the assessor. The notification may cause display, on a device of the assessor, of indicia indicating receipt of the notification in association with an icon representative of an integrated application of the device, and of information indicating a selected content item is available for assessment when the integrated application is selected. Monitoring information for the selected content item and the assessor may be updated, based on assessment information transmitted from the device using the integrated application.
US08630893B2 Automated omnipresent real-time credibility management system and methods
Some embodiments provide a credibility management system that aggregates user posts from several social media sites contemporaneously with the posts being published to those sites. The system parses each of the aggregated posts to identify an entity that is targeted in each of the posts and presents the posts to the targeted entities in a real-time manner. The credibility management system computes a score to determine the impact that a user post would have on the credibility of a targeted entity. By presenting the computed scores and aggregated posts to the targeted entities, the credibility management system notifies the targeted entities about what is being said about them across social media, identifies the impact of those posts, and provides a platform whereby the targeted entities can reply in order to mitigate or improve the impact that the posts would have on credibility.
US08630891B2 Computer-implemented system and method for web activity assessment
A computer-implemented system and method for evaluating customer activity. Data about the customer activity is received and is used to generate actual data values associated with preselected business metrics. One or more business metric score cards may be generated to assess how the business metrics are performing as well as what business metrics can be changed to better meet business goals.
US08630885B2 System and method for providing temporary and limited grants of calendar access
A system and method for providing temporary and limited grants of calendar access is provided. An invitee or its proxy may provide an event planner or time broker with a particular grant of calendar access comprising a date range, particular days of the week, and a particular time interval. The grant of calendar access allows the event planner to more easily identify a block of time for scheduling the particular event, the invitee calendar being updated in real-time. In some embodiments, the event planner may schedule the event and place the event directly on the invitee's calendar.
US08630879B1 System and method for funding an organization
A system and method and method for generating substantial net positive cash flows to fund organizations by initiating life insurance policies through asset-backed security transactions with no out-of-pocket expense to either the organizations or to the insureds, requiring no use of policies' cash value or transfer of ownership or beneficiary of the life insurance policies, and providing guaranteed funding to the organizations regardless of when deaths occur while keeping the original insurable interest intact, thereby creating a marketable, tradable uncorrelated security.
US08630876B1 Health service delivery tables system and method
A computerized system and method for generating CMS-compliant health services delivery (HSD) tables. A database stores health care service provider data. A remote computer user interacts with a server that provides access to the health care service provider data. A user can view health care service provider data that meets selected search parameters. The data is displayed in an interactive worksheet. The user may further cause amendments to be made to the data stored in the database. The user may issue a request to generate an HSD table in “final file format” which conforms to CMS requirements. The server checks for errors in the file and notifies the user of errors that are identified. The server optionally checks for adequacy of the network associated with a plurality of health care service providers. The user may approve the final files for filing with CMS.
US08630875B2 Disease management system and health assessment method
A system and method for allowing a patient to access an automated process for managing a specified health problem called a disease. The system performs disease management in a fully automated manner, using periodic interactive dialogs with the patient to obtain health state measurements from the patient, to evaluate and assess the progress of the patient's disease, to review and adjust therapy to optimal levels, and to give the patient medical advice for administering treatment and handling symptom flare-ups and acute episodes of the disease. The medical records are updated, the progression of the disease is stored and tracked, and the patient's preferences for treatment are stored and then used to offer medical advice based on the current state of the disease. A prestored general disease trend curve is compared against a patient specific disease trend curve, and the system makes an automated response such as adjusting therapy.
US08630873B1 Systems and methods for shifting prescription market share by presenting pricing differentials for therapeutic alternatives
While a pharmacist may know of other medications approved by the FDA for the same medical condition, the pharmacist typically does not know what the therapeutically equivalent dose of those products is when compared to the originally prescribed item. In addition to this lack of equivalent dosage information, the pharmacist also is unable to determine if any of those other FDA approved items will save the consumer any money. Accordingly, embodiments of the invention can provide pharmacists and/or consumers with equivalent dosage information as well as pricing information for the equivalent dosage. Accordingly, based at least in part on this information, consumers may have an incentive to and may decide to purchase to another prescription drug, thereby shifting market share to a preferred prescription drug or pharmaceutical manufacturer or provider.
US08630871B2 Methods for generating healthcare provider quality and cost rating data
A method for generating healthcare provider quality rating data includes grouping claim records into one or more claim groups, assigning each claim group to a responsible provider, assessing the claim records in each claim group using guidelines for the particular disease or condition, and generating a compliance score for the claim group, wherein the compliance score indicates the extent to which the claim records in the claim group match the guidelines, and generating normalized provider quality rating data. A method for generating healthcare provider cost rating data includes grouping claim records into one or more claim groups, assigning each claim group to a responsible provider, calculating the total cost of each claim group, aggregating the total cost for each claim group, and comparing the total aggregate cost of each claim group assigned to each provider to an expected cost value.
US08630870B2 Patient portal
A computer-implemented includes receiving, from one or more contributing channels, medical data; assigning the received medical data to one or more data silos; and generating a graphical user interface that when rendered on a display device renders a visual representation of a patient portal, with the patient portal including: one or more visual representations of the one or more data silos for data associated with a user that requested the patient portal.
US08630867B2 Remote-medical-diagnosis system method
Provided are a remote medical-diagnosis system including: a bio-disc or a biochip performing biological, chemical or biochemical reactions with a sample, and having a barcode or a RF IC; a bioanalytical device analyzing results of reactions performed by the bio-disc or the biochip and including a reader reading the barcode or the RF IC to authenticate the bio-disc or the biochip or recording the measured data to the RF IC regardless of a connection with a remote diagnosis server; a virtual doctor as a software in a user's terminal, the virtual doctor providing a user with guidelines and instructions as how to use the bioanalytical device, and providing the user with a consulting service, a diagnosis unit self-analyzing the measured data using mathematical calculations and outputing results of a diagnosis; a user's terminal providing the user with a consulting service from a medical expert or a virtual doctor; a medical expert's terminal providing the user with a consulting service; and a remote diagnosis server connecting the user with the medical expert during periodic medical consultations, connecting the user with the virtual doctor during non-periodic medical consultations, blocking connection between the user and the virtual doctor if a periodic medical consultations term has elapsed; and a method of performing the remote medical-diagnosis.
US08630865B2 Automated on-line business bandwidth planning methodology
Closed-loop control is applied to the field of automated on-line business bandwidth planning tools by comparing measured business bandwidth with a baseline for providing a difference indication, changing the baseline according to the difference, and reporting the change as an event relating to a service level agreement.
US08630861B2 Mixed lossless audio compression
A mixed lossless audio compression has application to a unified lossy and lossless audio compression scheme that combines lossy and lossless audio compression within a same audio signal. The mixed lossless compression codes a transition frame between lossy and lossless coding frames to produce seamless transitions. The mixed lossless coding performs a lapped transform and inverse lapped transform to produce an appropriately windowed and folded pseudo-time domain frame, which can then be losslessly coded. The mixed lossless coding also can be applied for frames that exhibit poor lossy compression performance.
US08630858B2 Methods and apparatus for initiating actions using a voice-controlled interface
Methods and apparatus for initiating an action using a voice-controlled human interface. The interface provides a hands free, voice driven environment to control processes and applications. According to one embodiment, a method comprises electronically receiving first user input, parsing the first user input to determine whether the first user input contains a command activation statement that cues a voice-controlled human interface to enter a command mode in which a second user input comprising a voice signal is processed to identify at least one executable command and, in response to to determining that the first user input comprises the command activation statement, identifying the at least one executable command in the second user input.
US08630852B2 Image processing apparatus, speech recognition processing apparatus, control method for speech recognition processing apparatus, and computer-readable storage medium for computer program
An image processing apparatus includes a speech input portion that receives an input of speech from a user, a dictionary storage portion that stores a dictionary configured by phrase information pieces for recognizing the speech, a compound phrase generation portion that generates a plurality of compound phrases formed by all combinations of a plurality of predetermined phrases in different orders, a compound phrase registration portion that registers the plurality of compound phrases that have been generated in the dictionary as the phrase information pieces, a speech recognition portion that, in a case where speech including a speech phrase formed by the plurality of predetermined phrases said in an arbitrary order has been input, performs speech recognition on the speech by searching the dictionary for a compound phrase that matches the speech phrase.
US08630850B2 Signal processing method, apparatus and program
In one embodiment, a signal processing method is disclosed. The method can perform filter processing of convoluting a tap coefficient in a first signal sequence to generate a second signal sequence. The method can subtract the second signal sequence from a third signal sequence to generate a fourth signal sequence. The third signal sequence includes an echo signal of the first signal sequence. The method can correct the tap coefficient in accordance with an amount of correction determined using a function. The function includes at least one of a first region and a second region, and has values limited. The first region is included in a negative value region of the fourth signal sequence. The second region is included in a positive value region of the fourth signal sequence.
US08630847B2 Word probability determination
A word corpus is identified and a word probability value is associated with each word in the word corpus. A sentence is identified, candidate segmentations of the sentence are determined based on the word corpus, and the associated probability value for each word in the word corpus is iteratively adjusted based on the probability values associated with the words and the candidate segmentations.
US08630846B2 Phrase-based dialogue modeling with particular application to creating a recognition grammar
The invention enables creation of grammar networks that can regulate, control, and define the content and scope of human-machine interaction in natural language voice user interfaces (NLVUI). The invention enables phrase-based modeling of generic structures of verbal interaction to be used for the purpose of automating part of the design of such grammar networks. Most particularly, the invention enables such grammar networks to be used in providing a voice-controlled user interface to human readable text data that is also machine-readable (such as a Web page, a word processing document, a PDF document, or a spreadsheet).
US08630845B2 Generating snippet for review on the Internet
A method and system for generating snippet for review on the Internet. The method includes the steps of: receiving a review and a set of feedbacks corresponding to the review, where the review includes a plurality of evaluating sentences that evaluates product features of a product; calculating support degrees of each of the plurality of evaluating sentences by using the set of feedbacks; extracting, by relying on calculated support degrees of each of the evaluating sentences, at least one of the evaluating sentences from the plurality of evaluating sentences; and designating extracted evaluating sentence as a snippet of the review; where at least one of the steps is carried out by using a computer device.
US08630844B1 Configurable and portable method, apparatus, and computer program product for generating narratives using content blocks, angels and blueprints sets
The subject invention provides a method for using available data and information to automatically create narrative stories that describes domain events, circumstances and/or entities in a comprehensible and compelling and audience customized, manner. Computer executable instructions provide for generating a narrative story using standard and uniform structures and data for receiving domain related data and a story specification, parsing the story specification to provide constituent components, transforming the constituent components into executable code, instantiating content blocks having at least one feature for the domain according to the story specification and rendering the narrative story using the constituent components specified by the content blocks.
US08630843B2 Generating snippet for review on the internet
A method and system for generating snippet for review on the Internet. The method includes the steps of: receiving a review and a set of feedbacks corresponding to the review, where the review includes a plurality of evaluating sentences that evaluates product features of a product; calculating support degrees of each of the plurality of evaluating sentences by using the set of feedbacks; extracting, by relying on calculated support degrees of each of the evaluating sentences, at least one of the evaluating sentences from the plurality of evaluating sentences; and designating extracted evaluating sentence as a snippet of the review; where at least one of the steps is carried out by using a computer device.
US08630842B2 Computerized selection for healthcare services
A method for producing healthcare data records from graphical inputs by computer users. Includes generating a plurality of user input categories, displaying on a graphical display icons that correspond to a first of the user input categories and receiving a first user selection of a first icon of the plurality of icons, and displaying on the graphical display a plurality of icons that correspond to a second of the user input categories and receiving a second user selection of a second icon of the plurality of icons. The method also includes displaying icons that correspond to a physical target on which the medical action or observation is performed and receiving a third user selection of the physical target, and applying a syntax to populate a data record of the action using the at least two of the first, second, and third user selections.
US08630839B2 Computer product for phrase alignment and translation, phrase alignment device, and phrase alignment method
A unified-evaluated-value computing unit quantitatively combines a translation probability between words computed by a corpus-based statistical-value computing unit, dictionary information computed by a dictionary-information referring unit, and syntactic structure information computed by a syntactic-structure-value computing unit, to compute a unified evaluated-value as an index for phrase alignment.
US08630833B2 System, method, and article for detecting abnormal cells using multi-dimensional analysis
A system, method, and article for diagnosing a test set of biological cells. For example, in one embodiment a normal set of cells is characterized using flow cytometry. A centroid and radius are defined for a set of clusters in an n-dimensional space corresponding to a normal maturation for a cell lineage in the normal set of cells. A test set of cells is characterized using flow cytometry and the characterization is compared to the set of clusters.
US08630831B2 Streamline flow simulation of a model that provides a representation of fracture corridors
To simulate a subterranean structure having fracture corridors, a model is used to represent the subterranean structure, where the model also provides a representation of the fracture corridors. A streamline simulation is performed using the model.
US08630828B2 Methods for modeling amplitude modulated light through dispersive optical systems and electronic distance measurement instruments
Methods are disclosed for computer modeling of amplitude modulated light in dispersive optical systems. Ray tracings are extended to include calculations of the modulated phase for the rays. Examples are given for electronic distance measurement instrument applications.
US08630826B2 Electronic device and method for controlling probe measurements
A method controls probe measurement using an electronic device. The method receives user-defined identification data of a probe if a preset configuration file is not stored in a storage device of the electronic device, and fits a three dimensional (3D) model of the probe according to the user-defined identification data of the probe. The method further updates the user-defined identification data of the probe if the fitted 3D model does not match the probe, or stores the user-defined identification data of the probe in a user-defined configuration file if the fitted 3D model matches the probe, and controls the probe to execute measurement according to the user-defined configuration file.
US08630820B2 Methods and systems for threat assessment, safety management, and monitoring of individuals and groups
The disclosure generally relates to methods and systems anticipating a potentially threatening or dangerous incident, and providing varying levels of response to a user. In an exemplary embodiment, the present invention provides varying levels of assistance to a user prior to, during, and after a threatening incident occurs. By providing assistance prior to a threatening incident occurring, the system may be able to thwart potential attacks, bodily harm, robberies, break-ins, and other criminal or dangerous activity. The assistance can be, for example, in the form of deterrents, alerting first responders to go to the scene, sending security personnel to the scene, remotely monitoring the scene, remotely interacting with the scene, providing information and advice to the user.
US08630816B2 High spatial resolution fiber optic temperature sensor
High resolution distributed temperature sensors using fiber optic distributed temperature sensing systems deployed on various carriers to significantly improve spatial resolution and provide high resolution temperature profile and detection of fluid or fluid interface levels.
US08630814B2 Ultrasonic water level gauge and control device
Apparatus, including an ultrasonic liquid level gauge and control system, includes a gauge configured to be coupled on the outside of a device, having a boiler or hot water tank, having liquid contained therein. The gauge is also configured to receive and contain a small part of the liquid of the device; and an ultrasonic transducing and signal processing arrangement configured to: reflect an ultrasonic pulse off a liquid surface of the small part of the liquid of the device contained in the gauge, and determine the level of liquid in the device based at least partly on a time of flight analysis related to the ultrasonic pulse reflected off the liquid surface of the small part of the liquid of the device contained in the gauge.
US08630810B2 Modeling wound healing
Provided are methods of simulating tissue healing. The methods comprise using a mechanistic computer model of the interrelated effects of inflammation, tissue damage or dysfunction and tissue healing to predict an outcome of healing of damaged tissue in vivo, thereby predicting the outcome of healing of damaged tissue in vivo. Implementations of these methods on a computing device also are provided. Non-limiting examples of diseases and/or conditions that are amenable to simulation according to the methods described herein include: a diabetes, diabetic foot ulcers, necrotizing enterocolitis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, inflammatory bowel disease, restenosis (post-angioplasty or stent implantation), incisional wounding, excisional wounding, surgery, accidental trauma, pressure ulcer, stasis ulcer, tendon rupture, vocal fold phonotrauma, otitis media and pancreatitis.
US08630807B2 Methods for the electronic, homogeneous assembly and fabrication of devices
Methods are provided for the fabrication of microscale, including micron and sub-micron scale, including nanoscale, devices. Electronic transport of movable component devices is utilized through a fluidic medium to effect transport to a desired target location on a substrate or motherboard. Forces include electrophoretic force, electroosmotic force, electrostatic force and/or dielectrophoretic force. In the preferred embodiment, free field electroosmotic forces are utilized either alone, or in conjunction with, other forces. These forces may be used singly or in combination, as well as in conjunction with yet other forces, such as fluidic forces, mechanical forces or thermal convective forces. Transport may be effected through the use of driving electrodes so as to transport the component device to yet other connection electrodes. In certain embodiments, the component devices may be attached to the target device using a solder reflow step.
US08630806B1 Image processing for vehicle control
A method is provided for processing an image in which only parts of the image that appear above a point on a horizon line are analyzed to identify an object. In one embodiment, the distance between the object and a vehicle is determined, and at least one of the speed and direction of the vehicle is changed when it is determined that the distance is less than the range of a sensor. The method for processing images is not limited to vehicular applications only and it may be used in all applications where computer vision is used to identify objects in an image.
US08630802B2 Method and apparatus for trajectory display
Embodiments of the present invention provide an apparatus including a display device for displaying graphical information; a processor arranged to control the display device to display the graphical information; a store for color mapping information, the information being representative of a relationship between orientation-related information of a trajectory and color; and a trajectory-color module for determining orientation-related information of a trajectory and a color according to the determined information and the color mapping information. In at least one embodiment, the processor is responsive to the trajectory-color module to control the display device to display a graphical element at least partly in the determined color.
US08630801B2 Navigation device and method for the graphic output of navigaton instructions
A system and method for determining and displaying a navigation route on a navigation device from one vehicle position to a travel destination. The navigation device can include processor with RAM, a mass storage device for holding a database with geographic data, as well as a display. Depending on whether a complex intersection is present on the navigation route, the complex intersection can be shown on the display in the form of a single perspective view. Embodiments of the invention can provide a high level of correlation between the actual situation on the road as seen by the user and the corresponding navigation maneuver displayed on the screen. The graphic output of navigation devices for complex intersections can also be improved regardless of whether the navigation device is a high-performance or very simple device.
US08630799B2 Optical navigation aid within a beacon field
A secondary optical system for object navigation in an array of beacons is provided that includes an optical source having at least one optical emitter emitting an optical signal and that is mounted to either the moving object or a beacon of the array of beacons. The moving object in simultaneous radio frequency communication the array of beacons to determine dynamic position of the object. An optical detector is mounted to the other of a moving object or the beacon of the array of beacons and the optical detector receives the optical signal when line of sight exists between the moving object and a beacon of the array of beacons. Electronics are provided for determining the dynamic position of the moving object uses weighting factor that favors the communication and at least two beacons of the array of beacons for which a moving object-beacon optical line of sight exists.
US08630798B2 Electronic system and method for personal navigation
An electronic system for providing personal navigation assistance to a user includes a first mobile electronic device having a first GPS module for generating first GPS data and an INS module for generating INS data, and a second mobile electronic device having a second GPS module for generating second GPS data. A wireless communication link allows for communication of data between the first electronic device and the second electronic device. A processor combines the first GPS data, the second GPS data, and the INS data to produce calculated location data indicative of the location of a user at each of a plurality of times. An output component provides personal navigation assistance to a user based on the calculated location data, such as audio instructions.
US08630796B2 System and method for fast acquisition position reporting
A geographic tracking system with minimal power and size required at the mobile terminal collects observation data at the mobile terminal, forwards the data to a processor, which calculates the position. The mobile terminal needs only to gather a few milliseconds of observation data, and to relay this observation data to the processor. The range from the satellite (or other airborne transponder) to the terminal is determined using the known positions of an interrogating transmitter and a satellite, and a known terminal delay between the received signal and the transmission of the return signal, and the round trip time. An arc of locations is determined by computing an intersection of a sphere centered at the satellite having a radius given by the calculated range with a model of the Earth's surface. The candidate points are considered and refined using code phase measurements from a set of GPS satellites. The candidate point having the lowest residuals or expected to measured code phases is chosen as the location of the mobile terminal. The measurements can be refined to account for various sources of error including measurement bias, relative motion and timing errors.
US08630793B2 Vehicle controller
A vehicle controller is provided capable of expanding an application range of departure prevention control while suppressing erroneous control. The vehicle controller includes: a vehicle-mounted camera 600 that captures an image in front of a vehicle; and an ECU 610 that decides one vehicle control method from a plurality of vehicle control methods and controls an actuator with the decided vehicle control method. The vehicle-mounted camera includes an area-specific confidence calculation section 400 that divides the image captured into a plurality of areas on a basis of an acquired image by the capturing and a recognized lane, calculates confidence for each divided area and outputs area-specific confidence information, and the ECU decides a vehicle control method in accordance with the area-specific confidence information.
US08630790B1 Systems and methods for amalgamating flight information
Systems and methods for receiving flight messages relating to a particular flight from multiple sources and processing information in those flight messages to create a single representation of an updated current and intended trajectory of such flight. Preferably, the system comprises one or more processors for performing the following operations: determining which flight message is the most recent; determining which flight messages are relevant; authenticating and processing proposed updates; and merging information contained in the flight messages to create a single representation of one or both of current or intended flight information.
US08630789B2 Routing to reduce congestion
This disclosure describes embodiments that include systems and methods for integrating various efficient and beneficial transportation and network technologies into an energy-efficient, time-efficient, highly-scalable, semi-public transportation system. Specifically, the disclosed embodiments include methods and systems provide a distributed transportation computing system for routing clean-powered, semi-independent system vehicles within adapted existing metropolitan freeway systems. The embodiments reduce traffic congestion by synchronizing the movements of system vehicles within system roadways. System vehicles may be designed to incorporate clean-power, energy-efficiency, and both on- and off-system operational control. As system vehicles allow for both system and independent use, individuals desiring independence may be incentivized to participate in this semi-public, mass-transportation system. High scalability is possible because modifications to existing freeway infrastructures require minimal retrofitting and simplified expansion in comparison with the construction of presently available mass-transportation systems, such as light rail and subway systems.
US08630787B2 Controlling exhaust gas recirculation in a turbocharged engine system
Methods and products for controlling exhaust gas recirculation.
US08630785B2 Fuel management systems and methods for variable displacement engines
A fuel management system includes a pedal resistance determination module and a pedal resistance adjustment module. The pedal resistance determination module determines a desired accelerator pedal resistance based on at least one of engine and transmission operating conditions. The pedal resistance adjustment module adjusts a pedal resistance device based on the desired accelerator pedal resistance.
US08630774B2 Method and system for preventing vehicle damage during rock cycling
A method for preventing potential vehicle damage during operation of an automatic rocking control system in an automotive vehicle employing an automatic transmission is described. The method includes monitoring a plurality of actual and derived automatic transmission parameters and comparing the actual values with predetermined limits for the monitored parameters. Upon determining, based on the comparison, that an imminent component vulnerability level exists, the method transmits a warning signal. Further, upon determining, based on the comparison, that an immediate component vulnerability level exists, the method terminates the vehicle rock cycle assist mode. A system for preventing potential vehicle damage is also described.
US08630771B2 Control method for electric power steering
The invention relates to a control method for a steering system with electric power assistance, comprising a steering wheel, an electric power assist motor, an electric control unit, which includes a memory for storing digital data, a motor driver unit which based on a target engine torque that is delivered to the motor driver unit, determines and sends out electrical signals for controlling the electric power assist motor, at least one sensor device for determining a control variable introduced into the steering wheel, for example a manual torque, wherein in the control unit with the help of the control variable a preset value is determined for a engine torque of the power assist motor, characterized in that in the memory an upper threshold value for the target engine torque is stored and for a case A, in which the preset value exceeds the upper threshold value, the control unit sends out the upper threshold value as the target engine torque to the motor driver unit and in a case B, in which the preset value does not exceed the upper threshold value, the control unit sends out the preset value as the target engine torque to the motor driver unit.
US08630767B2 Estimation of the load of a vehicle
A method, an apparatus and a computer program product for estimating the current load of a vehicle wherein a filter bank including a filter for different weight classes, each filter implementing a vehicle model for estimating the current mass of the vehicle. Based on vehicle data indicative of a current driving situation of the vehicle, and filter parameter specific for the respective weight class, each filter provides a load estimation value as filter specific estimation of the current load of the vehicle.
US08630763B2 Method of operating an in-line legged robot vehicle
A single track in-line legged vehicle is controlled to coordinate movement along a desired single-track trajectory by causing each in-line leg to selectively perform a stance-to-flight phase, a flight phase, a flight-to-stance phase, and a stance phase. During the stance-to-flight phase, reaction forces and torques between a foot and the ground are unloaded to lift the foot off the ground. During the flight phase, a foot moves in the same general direction and at a generally faster rate as a major direction of motion of the vehicle body. During the flight-to-stance phase, foot positioning is controlled to place a foot on the ground according to the desired single-track trajectory. During the stance phase, foot-to-ground interaction develops reaction forces and torques that are transferred from the foot through the corresponding in-line leg to propel, torque, and stabilize the body in the x, y, z, pitch, roll, and yaw axes.
US08630760B2 Method for managing transitions in internal combustion engines with a hybrid drive powertrain
A method for controlling combustion mode transitions for an engine of a hybrid powertrain includes commanding an increase in engine torque, adjusting motor torque output from a torque machine responsive to the operator torque request and the commanded increase in engine torque, executing the combustion mode transition, and operating the torque machine in a torque reclamation state.
US08630755B2 Automatic taking-off and landing system
The invention provides an automatic taking-off and landing system, comprising a flying object and a taking-off and landing target, wherein the flying object has an image pickup device 21 for taking images found in downward direction, navigation means 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 and 11, and a control unit for processing images acquired by the image pickup device and for controlling the navigation means, and wherein the control unit calculates a positional relation between the taking-off and landing target and the flying object based on the image of the taking-off and landing target as acquired by the image pickup device and controls taking-off and landing operations of the flying object based on a result of the calculation.
US08630754B2 Method for replacing legs in an air navigation procedure
The present invention relates to a method for replacing legs in an air navigation procedure described as a series of legs, the legs forming part of an initial family of legs. The method includes: a step of determining a restricted family of legs included in the initial family of legs, so that each leg not belonging to the restricted family corresponds to a combination of legs belonging to the restricted family: The method also includes: a step of replacing in the navigation procedure the legs not belonging to the restricted family with combinations of legs belonging to the restricted family.
US08630752B2 System and method of displaying airspeed information for an aircraft
A method and a system are provided for displaying flight information of an aircraft. The system receives at least one user defined airspeed related to flight of the aircraft from a user. A processor calculates the at least one calculated airspeed based on data stored in a memory device. A static position is determined by the processor for the user defined and calculated airspeeds. The difference between the positions developed from the user defined and calculated position is also calculated. A difference indicator is displayed to the user for the difference between each user defined and calculated position.
US08630751B2 Tracking system device and method
An aircraft monitoring system comprising a computer system and a receiver for receiving tracking data from a tracking device associated with an aircraft, the monitoring system having a passive tracking mode in which the computer system is configured to receive tracking data and an active tracking mode in which the computer system is configured to determine a condition indicative of an aircraft incident based on the absence of received tracking data. The monitoring system is automatically triggered into the active tracking mode when a signal is received from the aircraft indicating the aircraft has taken-off.
US08630748B2 Method and apparatus for access and/or starting verification
A method for access or starting verification for a vehicle using a mobile identification encoder and at least two antennas located in or on the vehicle at different locations includes: the antennas emitting electromagnetic signals at alterable times, wherein the electromagnetic signals are emitted in transmission blocks having alterable specific properties and wherein a plurality of transmission blocks are strung together to form a communication message in which each transmission block adopts an alterable position in time, the identification encoder receiving the electromagnetic signals emitted by the antennas and processing them to generate a response signal, and altering at least one of the times at which the individual antennas are actuated, the specific properties of the individual transmission blocks, and the position of the individual transmission blocks in time in the communication message in accordance with a cryptographical method.
US08630746B2 Operating method for a vehicle
An operating method for a vehicle includes the steps of measurement of a filling level of a liquid, assignment of a measured filling level to a closest filling level threshold from a multiplicity of known filling level thresholds, wherein each filling level threshold represents a defined filling value, activation of at least one filling level threshold from the multiplicity of filling level thresholds by means of the measuring device, ascertainment of the frequention of an activation of a filling level threshold and/or a frequention of an assignment of a measured filling level to a closest filling level threshold, and determination of the filling level threshold which has a maximum frequention relative to a defined period of time. A realistic filling value is determined from which measuring errors which arise are eliminated.
US08630743B2 Methods and systems for use in controlling irrigation
Some embodiments provide systems and methods of controlling irrigation, comprising: communicating an assumption broadcast from a first irrigation controller to each of a plurality of other irrigation controllers defining assumed states of control elements, wherein the control elements are shared with one or more of the first irrigation controller and the other irrigation controllers; determining whether a reply is received from one or more of the other irrigation controllers in reply to the assumption broadcast; identifying, from the reply, a correction to a state corresponding to a first control element; updating state information corresponding to the first control element in response to the identifying the correction; and communicating a subsequent notification from the first irrigation controller to each of the plurality of other irrigation controllers of the irrigation system, where the subsequent notification comprises the updated state information corresponding to the first control element.
US08630740B2 Automated control-schedule acquisition within an intelligent controller
The current application is directed to intelligent controllers that initially aggressively learn, and then continue, in a steady-state mode, to monitor, learn, and modify one or more control schedules that specify a desired operational behavior of a device, machine, system, or organization controlled by the intelligent controller. An intelligent controller generally acquires one or more initial control schedules through schedule-creation and schedule-modification interfaces or by accessing a default control schedule stored locally or remotely in a memory or mass-storage device. The intelligent controller then proceeds to learn, over time, a desired operational behavior for the device, machine, system, or organization controlled by the intelligent controller based on immediate-control inputs, schedule-modification inputs, and previous and current control schedules, encoding the desired operational behavior in one or more control schedules and/or sub-schedules.
US08630739B2 Exergy based evaluation of an infrastructure
In a method of evaluating an infrastructure having a plurality of components based upon exergy loss values, exergy loss values of the components are aggregated. In addition, at least one of the components in the infrastructure is controlled based upon the aggregated exergy loss values.
US08630729B2 Assembly task verification system and method
A method for verifying completion of a task. Location coordinates of at least one location sensor within a work cell are obtained. At least one sensor is affixed to a tool used to operate on a feature of a structure to be assembled, fabricated or inspected. A virtual object locus is generated based on the location coordinates of the at least one location sensor. The virtual object locus corresponds to a computerized schematic of the structure to be assembled and represents of all possible locations of an object end of the tool within the work cell. One of a plurality of candidate features is identified as the most likely to be the feature operated on by the tool. The identification is based on a probability calculation for each of the candidate features that each respective candidate feature is the feature operated on by the tool.
US08630728B2 System and method for generating indices to quantify operating transition performance of a continuous process
A system and method for generating indices to quantify operating transition performance of a continuous process, such as a sheet forming process, includes a computer system that is configured to generate a normalized overall transition performance index. The overall transition performance index is formed from a plurality of individual parameter indices associated with specific production components or portions of the process line. As such, the individual parameter indices allow a user of the system to readily identify the particular portion of the continuous process line that is performing below desired levels. In addition, because the overall transition performance index is normalized, it enables comparison of the operating transition performance of multiple process lines.
US08630725B2 Recording medium having a data structure for managing sound data and recording and reproducing methods and apparatus
In the data structure of recording medium for managing sound data associated with graphic information, an interactive composition segment is provided. The interactive composition segment includes sound management information. The sound management information is associated with a graphic item and provides an identifier of a sound data in sound file, separate from a main data file, to reproduce in association with the graphic item.
US08630716B2 Systems and methods for providing neural stimulation transitions
A method embodiment comprises generating a neural stimulation signal for a neural stimulation therapy. The signal is generated during a duty cycle of a stimulation period to provide the neural stimulation therapy with an intensity at a therapy level for a portion of the duty cycle. In various embodiments, a ramp up protocol is implemented to begin the duty cycle, a ramp down protocol is implemented to end the duty cycle, or both the ramp up protocol and the ramp down protocol are implemented. The ramp up protocol includes ramping up the intensity from a non-zero first subthreshold level for the neural stimulation therapy at the beginning of the duty cycle to the therapy level. The ramp down protocol includes ramping down the intensity from the therapy intensity level to a non-zero second subthreshold level for the neural stimulation therapy at the end of the duty cycle.
US08630713B2 Electrical muscle stimulator
Disclosed are a method and apparatus for stimulating the masticatory, shoulder, or back, and facial muscles. This is achieved by way of placing four output electrodes and at least one common electrode in the vicinity of the head, neck, and shoulder or back of a subject. In particular, two output electrodes are placed adjacent to the ears of the subject and two output electrodes are placed along the upper back of the subject. The at least one common transmitting electrode is placed on the back of the neck of the subject, generally just below the hairline. Stimulation of muscles/nerves in the vicinity of each output electrode is achieved substantially simultaneously by way of the current produced by the output electrodes.
US08630711B1 Systems and methods for treating disorders by selectively activating and/or blocking muscles through intrafasicular stimulation of the pudendal nerve
Methods and related systems for treating patients suffering from several disorders including bladder dysfunction, erectile dysfunction, and bowel elimination disorders are disclosed and described. The method can include identification of the disorder followed by the step of accessing a pudendal nerve of the patient. A microelectrode array having a plurality of electrodes thereon is inserted into the pudendal nerve of the patient. A controller is electronically associated with the microelectrode array which is programmed to provide selective activation and/or blocking of various muscles using the microelectrodes of the array. The selective stimulation can be tuned to selectively activate or block at least one muscle selected from the group consisting of the external urethral sphincter, the detrusor muscle, the anal sphincter, and the cavernous smooth musculature of the penis.
US08630707B2 Systems and methods for delivering vagal nerve stimulation
According to various method embodiments, a person is indicated for a therapy to treat a cardiovascular disease, and the therapy is delivered to the person to treat the cardiovascular disease. Delivering the therapy includes delivering a vagal stimulation therapy (VST) to a vagus nerve of the person at a therapeutically-effective intensity for the cardiovascular disease that is below an upper boundary at which upper boundary the VST would lower an intrinsic heart rate during the VST.
US08630706B2 Method and system for reversible chemical modulation of neural activity
Methods and related systems for modulating neural activity by repetitively blocking conduction in peripheral neural structures with chemical blocking agents are disclosed. Methods and systems for reversing effects of chemical blocking agents and/or for producing substantially permanent conduction block are also disclosed.
US08630702B2 System for detection of different types of cardiac events
A system for the detection of cardiac events occurring in a human patient is provided. At least two electrodes are included in the system for obtaining an electrical signal from a patient's heart. An electrical signal processor is electrically coupled to the electrodes for processing the electrical signal and a patient alarm means is further provided and electrically coupled to the electrical signal processor. The electrical signal is acquired in the form of electrogram segments, which are categorized according to heart rate, ST segment shift and type heart rhythm (normal or abnormal). Baseline electrogram segments are tracked over time.
US08630697B2 Imaging of polarization scrambling tissue
The present invention provides for the detection and display of polarization scrambling tissue without resolving the polarization state of the backscattered imaging beam. In one embodiment, we illuminate the tissue using two different polarizations. A first polarization determines a first image of high intensity while the second polarization determines a second image of low intensity. Comparison and combination of the first and second images determines tissue which scrambles the polarization in neighboring detection cells.
US08630695B2 Locator, device and method for electronically locating and reading the setting of an adjustable valve
The invention is aimed at improving valve pinpointing and reading devices by proposing to activate a magnetic detection source allowing measurements regularly-distributed in a circle around an axis at predetermined measurement positions. An exemplary locator comprises a casing (26) provided with a mechanism for detecting and analyzing the magnetic field of the magnetic dipole of the valve. It comprises:—a magnetic detection source (36) able to detect and measure the magnetic field of the magnetic center of the valve at predetermined measurement positions distributed in a circle around an axis (X-X′), linked to—a microprocessor (32) for analyzing the measurements and for generating detection signals.
US08630692B2 Method and implantable system for blood-glucose concentration monitoring using parallel methodologies
In an implantable medical device for monitoring glucose concentration in the blood, a blood-glucose concentration analysis is performed using correlations of blood-glucose concentration with measures of metabolic oxygen consumption including oxymetric, and/or temperature. Analysis of electrocardiographic data is used in a parallel method to detect and/or confirm the onset and/or existence and/or extent of hypoglycemia and/or hyperglycemia. Blood-glucose concentration calculation is enhanced by using the combination of the oxygen metabolism analysis and electrocardiographic analysis.
US08630686B2 Mobile device slide system and method
A slide system for a mobile device including a base portion and a slide portion configured to slide in relation to the base portion, the system including: at least one base magnet provided to the base portion; a plurality of slide magnets provided to the slide portion and configured such that the plurality of slide magnets are aligned to the at least one base magnet at predetermined positions during movement of the slide portion relative to the base portion; and a magnetically active element provided to the slide portion in spatial relation to at least one of the plurality of slide magnets such that magnetic forces between the at least one of the plurality of slide magnets and the at least one base magnet are affected. In particular, the magnetic forces can be altered to provide an altered “feel” to the sliding movement by lowering repulsive forces and increasing attractive forces.
US08630684B2 Accessory devices for mobile phones
Implementations described herein relate to accessories for mobile phones. In one implementation, an accessory may include, a display to present information received from a mobile phone to a user of the accessory. The accessory may connect with the mobile phone to form a link to the mobile phone. The accessory may include a clothing attachment component to attach the accessory to the user or to clothing of the user.
US08630683B2 System and method for displaying information associated with a cellular device on a user specified display unit
Embodiments of the present invention include a method for displaying information associated with a cellular device on a display unit. In one embodiment, the method includes monitoring for a signal transmitted by a cellular device. In response to detecting the signal from the cellular device, the method determines an identity and a call status of the cellular device from data associated with the signal. The method transmits the identity and the call status of the cellular device to a user specified device to display the identity and the call status on the display unit associated with the user specified device.
US08630682B2 Method and apparatus for time-based mediation of wireless communications
A method and apparatus for time-based mediation of wireless communications is provided to a user of a wireless communications device. The method involves determining local time information associated with the recipient communication device in response to a user-initiated contact function; determining a mediation condition based at least in part on said local time information; and if the mediation condition satisfies a predetermined criterion: providing, to a user of the wireless communication device, an indication of said mediation condition; presenting, to said user, a menu of two or more options for contacting the recipient communication device using the wireless communication device; and initiating communication in accordance with an option selected from said menu. The method can be implemented on an apparatus such as a wireless communication device.
US08630681B2 Mobile terminal and method for controlling functions related to external devices
A mobile terminal and controlling method thereof are disclosed, by which data can be conveniently shared between a terminal having a projector and an external device connected to the terminal. A mobile terminal includes a projector module configured to project an image onto an external surface, a wireless communication unit configured to establish a wireless connection for communicating with an external device, and a controller configured to display an icon in the projected image corresponding to the connected external device, receive an input selecting the displayed icon, execute a function related to the external device in response to the input, and direct a movement of an object displayed in the projected image according to a signal received from the connected external device.
US08630678B2 Modifying a signal by controlling transmit diversity parameters
A method for modifying a signal transmitted from a mobile communication device comprising by perturbing a transmit diversity parameter from its nominal value by modulating the parameter with respect to the nominal value in a first direction for a first feedback interval and then in a second direction for a second feedback interval, receiving a feedback signal including feedback information relating to the perturbed signal as received at a feedback device, and based at least on the feedback information, adjusting the nominal value of the transmit diversity parameter by increasing, decreasing, or preserving the nominal value.
US08630670B2 Permission based text messaging
A user may receive one or more text messages after the user is authorized. The potential user can opt in through a web page in one embodiment. Once the potential user sends an initial request, the user may receive a first text message containing an authorization code on their mobile phone. The user may enter the authorization code back to a web page. Receipt of the authorization code may trigger the phone number of the potential user to be added to a list of authorized text message receivers. One or more text messages may then be sent to authorized phone numbers on the list.
US08630664B2 Access point database
A location beacon database and server, method of building location beacon database, and location based service using same. Wi-Fi access points are located in a target geographical area to build a reference database of locations of Wi-Fi access points. At least one vehicle is deployed including at least one scanning device having a GPS device and a Wi-Fi radio device and including a Wi-Fi antenna system. The target area is traversed in a programmatic route to avoid arterial bias. The programmatic route includes substantially all drivable streets in the target geographical area and solves an Eulerian cycle problem of a graph represented by said drivable streets. While traversing the target area, periodically receive the GPS coordinates of the GPS device. While traversing the target area, detecting Wi-Fi signals from Wi-Fi access points in range of the Wi-Fi device and recording identity information of the detected Wi-Fi access point in conjunction with GPS location information of the vehicle when the detection of the Wi-Fi access point was made. The location information is used to reverse triangulate the position of the detected Wi-Fi access point; and the position of the detected access point is recorded in a reference database.
US08630658B2 Wearable ultra-thin miniaturized mobile communications
A cellular telephone is provided with a wearable housing, desirably in a form which can be concealed in the user's clothing, wallet, or other place. The housing may be devoid of switches or buttons for controlling the cellular telephone, and control inputs can be provided through free space communications such as a short-range radio link. A module for use in portable communications devices includes chips superposed on one another on a stack, and incorporates an interposer for facilitating connections between the chips.
US08630656B2 Method and system for locating a mobile radio receiver in a radio system with multiple transmitters
A method of determining the location of a mobile receiver is provided. The method works within a radio system in one or more dimensions, the radio system includes a network of transmitters the positions of which are known. The method comprises the steps of: compiling a list of the signals detected by the receiver, sending said list to a calculation device; constructing a position function which relates to the probability that the receiver is at a given location, which position function has components corresponding to each member of the list, each component including a predetermined probability function that depends on mobile receiver position; and evaluating said position function to determine a position that corresponds to the highest probability of location, and defining that position to be the location of the mobile receiver.
US08630652B2 Method and apparatus for optimizing the location of heterogeneous underlaid evolved node-Bs
In one embodiment, mobile device traffic information and signal strength information associated with a geographical region are obtained. A plurality of candidate locations are determined based on the traffic information and the signal strength information, capacity values for each of the candidate locations are determined, and a candidate location is selected, from among the plurality of candidate locations, as a placement locations based on the capacity values.
US08630651B2 Cost effective call routing from IMS networks to local carrier networks
A call placed by a mobile device may be routed to landline destinations using cost-sensitive routing techniques. The call may be routed based on whether it is an intra-MTA (major trade area) or inter-MTA call. In one implementation, a device may receive message initiating a call and determine the MTA of the calling party based on a cell/sector identifier in the message. The device may further determine the MTA of the called party based on the called telephone number. The device may route the call based on whether the MTA of the calling party matches the MTA of the called party.
US08630650B2 Method for operating femtocell in wireless communication system
A method for operating a femtocell in a wireless communication system comprises the steps of: triggering the switching from the operation mode for providing a service to closed subscriber group (CSG) terminals which belong to a specific terminal group and to non-CSG terminals which do not belong to the specific terminal group, to the operation mode for providing the service only to said CSG terminals; and commanding said non-CSG terminals to change the operation mode, and carrying out a handover. The method of the present invention improves efficiency of femtocell operation, and reduces restrictions on terminals disposed in the vicinity of the femtocell. The method of the present invention can utilize the unused frequency range of the femtocell, thereby providing a service with a high data ratio.
US08630644B2 Circuit bearer control
The invention makes use of the Short Message Service (SMS) or Unstructured Supplementary Services Data (USSD) capabilities present in today's cellular networks as a means of providing call control and presence signalling and, in particular, for providing the means of effecting hand-off at least from/to the cellular domain to/from the WiFi domain. SMS and USSD were originally designed as engineering channels, but SMS has become highly popular as a service in its own right. SMS and USSD are built into all existing cellular (GSM, CDMA etc.) network and predate the current GPRS overlay. In particular, SMS and USSD can be used while a call may be active in the cellular domain, and a handset may send and receive such messages, with an additional facility which may be used by the invention of receiving acknowledgements of successful receipt of an outgoing SMS by the messaged party—effectively a confirmation from the network. The present invention proposes to use SMS or USSD as a means of an adjunct call control and presence signalling in the cellular domain between a handset and the SIP domain.
US08630640B2 Refining femtocell coverage information with beacon transmitters
Systems, methods, devices, and computer program products are described for refinement of femtocell coverage area information in a wireless communication system, particularly in context of a femto-proxy architecture. Zones may be defined within a femtocell coverage area using beacon sources, and a zone map of zone signatures may be defined for each zone of the femtocell coverage area, according to macro signatures detected in those zones. The zone map can be used, by access terminals, the femto-proxy system, and/or the macro network, to provide functionality, including reduced power level femtocell discovery and association, enhanced network planning, improved femtocell troubleshooting, etc.
US08630638B2 Method of managing inbound communications based on the current location of a wireless communications device
A method of managing inbound communications received by a roaming wireless communications device entails enabling a user of the roaming wireless communications device to activate an inbound communications filter having filter criteria based on a current location of the user and a current location of a sender of an inbound communication. Once the wireless device has determined whether the inbound communication satisfies the filter criteria, the wireless device notifies the user that the inbound communication has been received provided that the inbound communication satisfies the filter criteria.
US08630634B2 Processing of interactive screens for a wireless device
A method for processing interactive screens for a wireless device is provided. The method includes receiving, from the wireless device, a download request for content. The method further includes determining whether the wireless device has an interactive screen associated with the content. If it is determined that the wireless device has the interactive screen associated with the content, the method further includes transmitting the content to the wireless device without transmitting the interactive screen.
US08630627B2 Method and apparatus for processing messages in a social network
In one embodiment, the present invention is a method and apparatus for knowledge generation and deployment in a distributed network. In one embodiment, a method for processing messages in a social network includes receiving a new message from a first node in the network, the new message including a query, providing the first node with an answer to the query, if the answer is located in a repository, and initiating generation of the answer, if the answer is not located in the repository.
US08630623B2 Content control apparatus and method thereof
A mobile terminal including a wireless communication unit configured to wirelessly communicate with at least one other terminal; a display unit including a touch screen; and a controller configured to enter the touch screen into a locked state, to display a lock screen and an application program icon for executing an application program on the lock screen when entering the locked state.
US08630621B2 Systems and methods to enable authentication of the location of access point base stations and/or user equipment
Systems and methods for communication include components and methods for detecting, at an access point base station, location-verification data transmitted by at least one macro cell. Further, the components and method include transmitting a response message, including location information, via a backhaul network to a location authentication component to authenticate a location of the access point base station based on the location information, wherein the location information includes location data that is a function of the location-verification data. In some aspects, an operation of the access point base station may be allowed or disallowed based on an authentication of the location information.
US08630613B2 Computer-implemented method, system, and computer program product for telecommunications rating
The present application relates to a computer-implemented method, system, and computer program product for telecommunications rating. The computer-implemented method for telecommunications rating may comprise: receiving an event from a source system for a service, wherein the event is generated by a user; transforming the event into a normalized event by determining event characteristics comprising determining a guiding point identifier to identify a guiding point associated with the user; by using the guiding point identifier, retrieving from the guiding point a list of products operable to guide the normalized event; rating the normalized event by calculating and aggregating costs according to the list of products; and posting the costs by updating at least one balance associated with the user, the guiding point, and/or the service.
US08630607B2 Emergency call handoff between heterogeneous networks
A system to receive, from a user device, a request to establish a communication session to allow an emergency call to be placed or transferred to a public safety access point (PSAP) server; determine whether the request includes a first indication that the emergency call is being initiated via the user device or a second indication that the emergency call is being handed off from a base station associated with another network device, place the emergency call, to the PSAP server and via a first gateway device associated with the network device, when the request includes the first indication; and transfer the emergency call, to the PSAP server and via a second gateway device associated with the other network device, when the request includes the second indication, where the second gateway device processed the emergency call prior to being handed off from the base station.
US08630604B2 Communication methods and devices for dual-mode communication systems
A method for wireless communication determines, for a client device having a first wireless connection with a first connection point, to initiate a second wireless connection between the client device and a second connection point, wherein the first connection point includes an Access Point and the second connection point includes a Base Station. The method sends a message from the second connection point to the first connection point, including instructions for the first connection point to communicate with the client device using either a Point Coordinate Function (PCF) or a Distributed Coordinate Function (DCF). In addition, the method initiates the second wireless connection between the client device and the second communication point.
US08630601B2 Active channelized integrated antenna system
An active channelized antenna system includes an antenna array operable over a multi-octave frequency band to provide one or more antenna output signals. An electronics module includes multiplexer circuitry responsive to the one or more antenna output signals configured to divide an input signal spectrum into a plurality of frequency band components each of less than an octave bandwidth. The electronics module includes a plurality of amplifiers each of less than an octave bandwidth to provide an amplified component signal for a respective frequency band. Combiner circuitry included with the electronics module is configured to combine the amplified frequency band components into a composite signal. A transmission medium such as a coaxial cable, fiber optic line or free space, is configured to transmit the composite signal to a remotely located receiver system. The antenna system may be employed as a repeater system.
US08630598B2 Methods and apparatus for measuring and/or using transmitter and/or receiver IQ imbalance information and/or DC offset information
A wireless communications device, e.g., a mobile node supporting direct peer to peer communications, performs a self-calibration of one or more of: receiver IQ imbalance, transmitter IQ imbalance, receiver DC offset, and transmitter DC offset. The wireless communications device, operating in calibration mode, intentionally sets the oscillator frequency used for downconversion in its receiver module to a different frequency than the oscillator frequency used for upconversion in its transmitter module. A first baseband signal, e.g., a single tone test signal, is input to the transmitter module and an upconverted transmit signal is generated. The transmit signal is routed via a feedback loop to the receiver, which performs a downconversion operation. Power and/or phase measurements of the signals output from the downcoversion are used to determine IQ imbalance compensation information and DC offset compensation information. The determined compensation information is used subsequently when operating in a communications mode of operation.
US08630596B2 System and method for adaptive beamforming for specific absorption rate control
A system may include a modifiable mobile device having at least two antennas coupled to fractional amplifiers, with returned power detectors. A beamformer unit provides adaptive beam shaping pattern, and a baseband processor provides beam pattern requirements, wherein the beamformer unit modifies the beam pattern requirements with return loss sampling information to shape the adaptive beam pattern so that a transmitted beam pattern minimizes transmitted power reflected back to the mobile device. A method may include regularly measuring a return power level, if output power is greater than a specific absorption rate level, comparing the return power level to a first threshold, else implementing mobile transmit diversity (MTD), and repeating. If the return power level is greater than the first threshold, implementing a MTD combined with reflection-based beamforming that modifies beam pattern requirements of the mobile device with return loss sampling information to create an adaptive beam pattern.
US08630595B2 System, method and apparatus for transmit diversity control based on variations in propagation path
A method and apparatus for applications of identification of variations of propagation path to transmit diversity control. Transmit diversity parameters may be modified according to detected dynamics, which may, for example, be related to changes in actual propagation and network conditions. Such dynamics may be referred to as mobility parameters. Mobility parameters may apply to variability in a propagation path due to any conditions. Determination of a mobility parameter may be conducted using one or more of multiple parameters available to the mobile terminal. Such feedback information indication, which is related to the propagation path conditions, may be provided to the apparatus, which would attempt to find a more desired mode of operation, which may lead to reduction in power and the improvement of the quality of transmission.
US08630594B2 Wireless communication apparatus
According to one embodiment, a wireless communication apparatus includes a wireless unit and a control unit. The wireless unit is configured to set, for each period, a transmit state including a first period for transmitting a connection request to establish connection or a receive state including a second period for receiving a connection request and to transmit or receive a signal, both lengths of the first period and the second period being equal. The control unit is configured to control the wireless unit to operate in one of a transmit mode, a receive mode and a transceive mode. The control unit causes the wireless unit to operate in the receive mode or the transceive mode before a trigger signal is externally input, and to operate in the transmit mode if the trigger signal is input.
US08630591B1 Calibration methods for RF receiver gain ranging systems
Systems and methods are provided for calibrating a receiver in an RF system having a device under test (DUT) configured to receive at least one input signal and output at least one response signal. A method comprises setting a drive level of the RF system and making a pair of measurements at the drive level. Each of the measurements is made in a different gain state at a receiver. The method also comprises calculating a calibration factor for the receiver which is a ratio of the pair of measurements. These systems and methods can be used to calibrate receivers while preserving vector information and removing dynamic match effects.
US08630585B2 Method and apparatus for communicating with external interface device using contactless
A method and apparatus for contactless communication are discussed. According to an embodiment, the invention provides a mobile terminal comprising a contactless module configured to communicate contactlessly with an external device; and a controller configured to control the contactless module of the mobile terminal to detect a contactless module of the external device, to identify the external device based on information stored in or obtained through the contactless module of the external device, to authenticate a user of the external device based on the information and/or user input, to establish a communication channel between the mobile terminal and the external device based on the information, and to access data or execute an application through the established communication channel.
US08630579B2 Wireless communication apparatus, wireless communication method, and wireless communication system
A wireless communication apparatus, method, and system selectively utilize advantages of both centralized control and distributed control while suppressing cell searching time. FIG. 4(a) represents an example in which a P-BCH (Primary Broadcast Channel) and an S-SCH (Secondary Synchronization Channel) for centralized control and a P-BCH and an S-SCH for distributed control are frequency-divided, and the P-BCH and the S-SCH for the distributed control are transmitted to a distributed control resource. FIG. 4(b) represents an example in which a P-BCH and an S-SCH for the centralized control and a P-BCH and an S-SCH for the distributed control are time-divided, and the P-BCH and the S-SCH for the distributed control are transmitted to a centralized control resource. Since a relay station transmits the P-SCH (Primary Synchronization Channel) as a centralized control resource, a mobile station can specify sub-frame timing by using only the centralized control resource.
US08630577B2 Item banking system for standards-based assessment
An computer item banking system for standards-based assessments has test items used in standards-based assessments wherein a plurality of item specifications are developed using a specification building feature to create new, edit, move, and delete specifications and to assign specifications to one or more standards; a plurality of test items are constructed and edited using a test building feature to specify the type of item being constructed, points available for the item, and the type of bank to which the item is assigned; bank types include agency-wide assessments including benchmark tests and end-of-course examinations, and formative assessments such as classroom quizzes. The system includes means for certification of test items and preventing use of uncertified test items to be used in agency-wide assessments under construction.
US08630574B2 Image forming system
An image forming system includes a non-transparent image forming apparatus including a first image forming station for forming a non-transparent toner image and for transferring the non-transparent toner image onto a recording material, and a transparent image forming apparatus including a second image forming station for forming a transparent toner image and for transferring the transparent toner image onto the recording material discharged from a first image heating unit. Formation of images as a combination of the non-transparent image and the transparent image is capable on both sides of the recording material by controlling a first re-feeding unit and a second re-feeding unit. The image forming system further includes a first reversing unit for feeding the recording material discharged from the first image heating unit to the second image forming station with a reversed facing orientation, and a controller for controlling the first reversing unit in accordance with a combination of a non-transparent image formation process and a transparent image formation process for both sides of recording material.
US08630571B2 Reduced thickness fixing unit to reduce deformation or fatigue failure
A fixing unit and an image forming apparatus including the fixing unit. The fixing unit includes a heating roller having an internal space in which a heating source is disposed and a pressurizing roller facing the heating roller. The heating roller has a circular hollow pipe shape and includes a fixing nip forming part which forms a fixing nip between the fixing nip forming part and the pressurizing roller. The nip forming part can have a slim part disposed at a center thereof and a pair of deformation preventing parts formed at both ends of the slim part, each deformation preventing part having a thickness thicker than a thickness of the slim part.
US08630570B2 Transfer device, image forming apparatus, and image forming method
A transfer device includes a transfer roller, a first resilient member configured to urge the transfer roller in the direction toward a recording medium carrying path, a pair of sliding members configured to support both ends of the transfer roller independently from each other, a pair of transfer roller holding members configured to support the respective sliding members so as to be capable of sliding and rotate about a center of rotation independently from each other, and a carrying guide configured to rotate about the center of rotation, be urged in the direction toward the transfer roller holding members by a second resilient member, and be restricted from rotating by the sliding members.
US08630569B2 Belt member feeding device and image forming apparatus provided with the same
An image forming apparatus has a rotatable belt, a stretching unit for stretching the belt, a steering unit for stretching and steering the belt, wherein the steering unit includes a rotatable portion rotatable with rotation of the belt, a frictional portion, provided at each of opposite axial end of the rotation portion, for slidable contact with the belt, and a support for the rotatable portion and the frictional portion. A rotation shaft rotatably supports the support, and the steering unit is capable of steering the belt by rotation thereof from sliding between the belt and the frictional portion, wherein each of the frictional portions is provided with an inclined surface which is inclined to be further from a rotational axis of the rotation portion axially toward an outside, and wherein the belt is contacted to at least one of the inclined portions.
US08630568B2 Liquid development apparatus and cleaning method that control either a gap between a pool forming member and a supply roller or a supply rate of a cleaning liquid
Provided is a liquid development apparatus having a constitution in which liquid developer containing carrier liquid with toner dispersed therein is supplied from a liquid developer/cleaning liquid supply member on a pool forming member arranged facing to a supply roller so as to form a pool of the liquid developer, from which pool the liquid developer is supplied to the supply roller, wherein a liquid developer/cleaning liquid supply member supplies cleaning liquid on a pool forming member to form a suitable pooling portion of the cleaning liquid and the liquid developer remaining on the surface of the supply roller is removed and cleaned.
US08630558B2 Electrophotographic apparatus having an electrophotgraphic photosensitive member with an amorphous silicon carbide surface layer
An electrophotographic apparatus has an electrophotographic photosensitive member having a surface layer of an amorphous silicon carbide. The ratio of the atom density (C) of carbon atoms to the sum of the atom density (Si) of silicon atoms and the atom density (C) of carbon atoms, C/(Si+C), in the surface layer is set larger from one end portion toward the other end portion of the electrophotographic photosensitive member in the direction of rotational axis thereof, and is from 0.61 or more to 0.75 or less in the entire region of the electrophotographic photosensitive member in the direction of rotational axis thereof. The electrophotographic apparatus has an air current generator which draws out air from the side of the one end portion toward the side of the other end portion.
US08630554B2 Image forming device
The image forming device includes a main body and a cartridge that is detachably mountable on the main body. The cartridge includes the image bearing member, the first and second cleaning roller, and the state changing unit. The first cleaning roller cleans the image bearing member and the second cleaning roller cleans the first cleaning roller. The state changing unit is configured to irreversibly change an electrically disconnected state between the first cleaning roller and the second cleaning roller into an electrically connected state between the first cleaning roller and the second cleaning roller. The resetting unit is configured to reset the cumulative value when the current detecting unit does not detect current before the image bearing member rotates and detects current after the image bearing member rotates.
US08630552B2 Digital coherent receiver and receiving method
A digital coherent receiver includes a front end, an A/D convertor, and a processor. The front end converts a light signal into an electric signal by using a signal light and a local oscillator light. The A/D convertor converts the electric signal of the front end into a digital signal. The processor calculates a spectrum gravity center of the digital signal converted by the A/D convertor, estimates a frequency offset of the digital signal based on the calculated spectrum gravity center, and reduces the frequency offset of the digital signal based on the estimated frequency offset.
US08630547B2 Enhanced polarization mode dispersion of optical channels
A device receives, from an optical receiver, performance information associated with an optical channel generated by an optical transmitter, and determines, based on the received performance information, a wavelength that minimizes polarization mode dispersion (PMD) associated with the optical channel. The device also provides, to the optical transmitter, a request to adjust an optical channel wavelength to the determined wavelength.
US08630542B2 Distributing wavelength compatible with signaling protocols
An apparatus, comprising a first node configured to communicate with a second node to generate a wavelength assignment, wherein the first node is configured to send a wavelength availability information to the second node. Included is a network component comprising at least one processor configured to implement a method, comprising receiving a wavelength availability information, and updating the wavelength availability information using a local wavelength availability information. Also included is a method, comprising acquiring a local wavelength assignment information, calculating a local wavelength availability information, and transmitting the local wavelength availability information to a subsequent network element on a lightpath.
US08630541B2 Wavelength division multiplexing transmission apparatus for controlling the wavelength of an FBTL optical module, and wavelength control method employed for wavelength division multiplexing transmission apparatus equipped with the FBTL optical module
Provided is a wavelength division multiplexing transmission apparatus that enables operation control of transponders each carrying an FBTL optical module from the monitoring control unit by the same operation control as one for the transponders each carrying an NB optical module with four wavelengths assigned. For that purpose, the wavelength division multiplexing transmission apparatus includes the transponders for converting optical signals from wideband wavelengths to narrowband wavelengths, and a monitoring control unit for controlling the transponders by instructions from an operator. Each transponder includes (i) an assigned wavelength determining unit for converting channel information specified by the monitoring control unit into assigned wavelength information assigned to the transponder, and (ii) a full-band tunable laser (FBTL) module control unit for performing control in such a manner as to cause a full-band tunable laser (FBTL) to emit based on the assigned wavelength information after conversion by the assigned wavelength determining unit.
US08630538B2 Communication system, communication device, and communication method
A communication system includes a transmitter that combines and transmits a first signal light and a dummy light having a wavelength different from the first signal light; a first amplifier that amplifies a light transmitted by the transmitter to a constant power; a communication device that separates the dummy light from the light amplified by the first amplifier, has a variable transmittance and allows the separated dummy light to pass through, and combines and transmits the passed dummy light and a second signal light having a wavelength different from the dummy light; a second amplifier that amplifies a light transmitted by the communication device to a constant power; a receiver that receives the second signal light included in the light amplified by the second amplifier; and a controller that controls the transmittance.
US08630535B2 Light emission control device and light emission control method
A control device is provided for controlling a light emission device. The control device includes a light metering unit configured to acquire respective light metering values from a plurality of light metering regions. The control device further includes a correction unit configured to correct information about a light metering value of a target region based on a result of comparison between the light metering value of the target region and the light metering value of the light metering region at the periphery of the target region among the plurality of light metering regions, the result being acquired by the light metering unit allowing the light emission device to perform pre-flashing. Also, a calculation unit is provided which is configured to calculate a main light emission amount of the light emission device based on the information about the light metering value corrected by the correction unit.
US08630533B2 Editing apparatus, editing method and program
In an editing apparatus; overwriting data used for insertion editing on base data, which is segmented into each picture including data having a predetermined unit of data amount X, and includes variable-length encoded real data, is variable-length encoded; each picture is sequentially obtained as a target picture, and regarding the target picture, if an amount of the overwriting data is equal to X, the overwriting data is handled as insertion data as it is, otherwise, insertion data is created by adding stuffing data to the overwriting data so that the amount of the overwriting data can be equal to X; a filler having the same amount as a filler of the base data is added to the insertion data having the same total amount as the real data; and the resultant insertion data is added onto the base data.
US08630532B2 Video processing apparatus and video processing method
A video processing apparatus calculates displayed time of two input segments having a telop area in a video on the basis of a time displayed area, determines whether or not the two input segments are a series of scene segments on the basis of the two displayed times, and outputs the two input segments determined as the series of scene segments as an output segment.
US08630528B2 Method and system for specifying a selection of content segments stored in different formats
A method, system and program product are described for specifying a selection of content segments stored in different formats. The invention involves receiving specification of a plurality of portions of first content stored in a first format, the specification identifying beginning and ending frames for each portion, and building a list comprising a starting mark and ending mark for each selected portion of first content, the list for use in accessing corresponding portions of the same content stored as second content in a second format.
US08630526B1 Method of indexing multimedia content by creating database records that include location data
A method of indexing multimedia content by creating database records that include location data is disclosed. Devices that generate multimedia content also generate location data corresponding to the location of the device when the content is generated. The location data includes geographical coordinates such as latitude and longitude as well as orientation and tilt. Other data may be recorded such as date and time of day, and light exposure. The content and location data are communicated to a Content Index Processor (CIP) that creates a database record from the location data and determines classifications for the database record that can be used by a person that is searching for particular multimedia content.
US08630523B2 Methods of preparing strength member pulling members in fiber optic cable furcations and related components, assemblies, and fiber optic cables
Methods of preparing strength member pulling members in fiber optic cable furcations and related components, assemblies, and fiber optic cables are disclosed. To allow fiber optic cables to be pulled without damaging optical fiber(s) disposed therein, a strength member pulling loop is formed from a strength member disposed inside the fiber optic cable. A pulling cord can be disposed in the strength member pulling loop to pull the fiber optic cable. The pulling load applied to the pulling cord is translated to the strength member pulling loop, which is translated to the strength member disposed inside the fiber optic cable. In this manner, when the fiber optic cable is pulled, the pulling load is translated to the strength member disposed inside the fiber optic cable to prevent or avoid damaging the optical fiber(s) disposed inside the fiber optic cable.
US08630515B2 Rotated single or multicore optical fiber
An apparatus for estimating a shape, the apparatus including: an optical fiber configured to conform to the shape and having a first core offset from a centerline of the optical fiber, the first core having an optical characteristic configured to change due to a change in shape of the optical fiber wherein a change in the optical characteristic is used to estimate the shape. A method for estimating a shape is also disclosed.
US08630514B2 Spectral broadening for DTS application
An apparatus and method for use in distributed temperature sensing (DTS) systems to reduce coherent Rayleigh scattering in fiber optic cables by using photonic crystal fibers.
US08630509B2 Structured grids for label propagation on a finite number of layers
An image represented by multiple nodes can be processed by determining whether labels can be propagated to a node from another node of the image. Conceptually, an image can be presented as a “structured grid” of multiple nodes (e.g., a structured grid of pixels of an image). In a “structured grid,” two or more nodes of the same level (e.g., nodes in the same gray level) can determine in parallel whether to propagate a label from one or more of its neighboring nodes that are labeled and propagate one or more labels accordingly. An image can be processed by iteratively repeating this process for nodes of successive levels. It will be appreciated that the disclosed techniques allow parallelism without requiring partitioning of an image or having to merge partitioned images. The disclosed techniques are especially suited for watershed algorithms.
US08630506B2 Image correcting device, method for creating corrected image, correction table creating device, method for creating correction table, program for creating correction table, and program for creating corrected image
An image correcting device includes an image input section, image storage section, correction table storage section, geometry correcting section subjecting an input image to geometrical correction based on a correction table, and image output section outputting the input image as a corrected image. The table is created by: calculating a pair of angles (θ, φ) corresponding to each pixel position on the output image as the corrected image; calculating a light direction based on an intersection line between a plane obtained by rotating a YZ plane by angle θ about Y axis and that by rotating an XZ plane by angle φ about X axis, in three dimensional Cartesian coordinate system with origin at a projection center of the input image; calculating a position on the input image corresponding to the light direction, as a resampling position; and associating the resampling position with the pixel position on the output image.
US08630505B2 Image processing device including definition enhancement
Image processing devices include a color extractor circuit configured to extract color information from input image data, a color shifter circuit configured to color shift the input image data according to the extracted color information and a definition enhancement circuit configured to detect a color difference from the color-shifted image data and to unsharp mask filter the color-shifted image data according to the detected color difference.
US08630500B2 Method for the encoding by segmentation of a picture
A method for encoding an image, the encoding being a mixed encoding with the possibility of using a first lossless compression type, and a second lossy compression type, the method including: dividing the image into a plurality of elementary blocks; determining which elementary blocks have a high level of detail; allocating the first type of compression to each elementary block that has a high level of detail; allocating the second compression type to each elementary block that does not have a high level of detail; applying the first type of compression to each elementary block to which the first compression type has been allocated; applying the first compression type to each elementary block directly surrounded by two elementary blocks to which the first compression type has been allocated.
US08630499B2 Image processing apparatus and control method thereof
When an image processing apparatus capable of connecting to a digital camera is to perform image-correction processing on irreversible-compression encoded image data acquired from the digital camera, it is determined whether the image-correction processing can be executed by the connected digital camera. When the processing can be executed, it is confirmed whether or not RAW data that corresponds to the irreversible-compression encoded image data is present in the digital camera. If the corresponding RAW data is present in the digital camera, the digital camera is requested to execute the image-correction processing based on the RAW data. This makes it possible to suppress degradation in the image quality more than when directly correcting an irreversible-compression encoded image.
US08630494B1 Method and system for sharing image content based on collection proximity
Systems, methods, and computer readable medium are described for performing an action based on determining that the contents of a first image collection and a second image collection are similar. In one aspect, the present disclosure relates to comparing digests representing the two image collections to determine proximity. The digest may be obtained and the comparison made at either a collection sharing device or at a proxy server. The actions performed based on a proximity determination may comprise notifying a user of a first collection sharing device of the availability of other collection sharing devices, or the retrieval of one or more images from the other image collections. In another aspect of the present disclosure, proximity may be measured by comparing subject faces comparing in a first image collection to the faces present in a second image collection.
US08630493B2 Techniques for enabling or establishing the use of face recognition algorithms
Embodiments described herein facilitate or enhance the implementation of image recognition processes which can perform recognition on images to identify objects and/or faces by class or by people.
US08630492B2 System and method for identifying a vascular border
A system and method are provided for using a first vascular image, or more particularly a plurality of control points located thereon, to identify a border on a second vascular image. Embodiments of the present invention operate in accordance with an intra-vascular ultrasound (IVUS) device and a computing device electrically connected thereto. In one embodiment, the computing device includes a plurality of applications operating thereon that are used to (I) identify a border and control points on a first IVUS image (i.e., any IVUS image), (ii) extrapolate the control points to a second IVUS image (i.e., another IVUS image), (iii) identify a border on the second IVUS image, and (iv) adjust the border on the second IVUS image in accordance with at least one factor.
US08630488B2 Creating a duotone color effect using an ICC profile
A method for creating a duotone color effect from a lightest color and a darkest color, including: obtaining a source image in a red-green-blue (RGB) color space; obtaining a lightest color RGB tuple and a darkest color RGB tuple; generating an international color consortium (ICC) device link profile based on the lightest color RGB tuple and the darkest color RGB tuple; and converting the source image in RGB color space to a duotone image in RGB color space using a color conversion function with the ICC device link profile.
US08630487B2 Image processing apparatus and method
There is provided an image processing apparatus including: a first color transform unit carrying out a color transform on a combination of color components with high correlation out of a plurality of color components included in image data; and a second color transform unit carrying out a color transform on a combination of color components aside from the combination of color components subjected to the color transform by the first color transform unit out of the plurality of color components included in the image data.
US08630486B2 Method for analysis of color separations
A method for registering color deviations on printing materials produced in machines processing printing material, includes using a computer to analyze image data from a prepress stage with regard to coloring in a printed image on the printing materials. During the analysis in the computer, the image data from the prepress stage are organized into image types, the image types are allocated set points and the set points are compared with actual values registered by a color measuring instrument on the printing materials being produced.
US08630479B2 Methods and systems for improved localized feature quantification in surface metrology tools
A method for enabling more accurate measurements of localized features on wafers is disclosed. The method includes: a) performing high order surface fitting to more effectively remove the low frequency shape components and also to reduce possible signal attenuations commonly observed from SEMI standard high pass, such as Gaussian and Double Gaussian filtering; b) constructing and applying a proper two dimensional LFM window to the residual image from the surface fitting processing stage to effectively reduce the residual artifacts at the region boundaries; c) calculating the metrics of the region using the artifact-reduced image to obtain more accurate and reliable measurements; and d) using site-based metrics obtained from front and back surface data to quantify the features of interest. Additional steps may also include: filtering data from measurements of localized features on wafers and adjusting the filtering behavior according to the statistics of extreme data samples.
US08630476B2 System and method for supporting discovery of defect included in inspection subject
A system, and methods of operation thereof, is presented that permits determination of a defect in an inspection subject by means of processing an image of said inspection subject, which system avoids exhaustion of bandwidth in a communication line connected to the image processing unit. The system includes a unit to receive an image, a transmission queue and a buffer to store the image, an image processing unit to determine whether the image includes a defect image, a unit that generates defect information when the presence of a defect image is determined, an image extraction unit that extracts the defect image based on the defect information, and a storage unit for storing such defect image.
US08630474B2 Back-projection of a projection image data set with depth-dependent filtering
For filtered back-projection of a projection image data set, the projection image data set is cosine-weighted. The cosine-weighted projection image data set within the image plane of the projection image data set is subjected to a two-dimensional Radon transformation. The Radon transform of the cosine-weighted projection image data set differentiated with respect to the distance from an image origin of an image coordinate system. The derivative of the Radon transform is redundancy-weighted. The redundancy-weighted derivative is subjected to a two-dimensional Radon back-transformation. The Radon back-transform is differentiated and back-projected with respect to an image column coordinate. A differentiation step width entering into the differentiation is varied depending on depth.
US08630472B2 Increased temporal resolution in the case of CT images by means of iterative view reconstruction with limiting conditions
A method is disclosed for the reconstruction of image data of a moving object to be examined from measurement data, wherein the measurement data has previously been established in a relative rotational movement between a radiation source of a computed tomography system and the object to be examined. In at least one embodiment, first image data is reconstructed from an incomplete measurement data record by way of an iterative algorithm, wherein in the iterative reconstruction a dimension is used which contains probability information relating to pixel values of the image data to be reconstructed.
US08630470B2 Radiological imagery method making a zone of interest in an organ correspond to an associated part of the network
Embodiments of the invention relate to a method of processing a radiological image of an organ, the organ being connected to a flow circulation network, and comprising steps according to which: an operator or a processing means defines a contour to delimit a zone of interest in the radiological image of the organ; the processing means determines part of the network in which the flow supplies the zone of interest or originates from this zone of interest; and a display means displays the determined part of the network.
US08630468B2 Imaging method for the representation of the results of intravascular imaging and CFD results and medical system for execution of the method
An imaging method for representing results of intravascular imaging (IVB) and CFD results of plaques of a vascular vessel tree of a patient and an imaging medical system for execution of the method are proposed. A 3-D image data set of the area under examination is acquired with x-ray beams for the generation of 3-D x-ray images. A 3-D reconstruction image of the area under examination is generated from the 3-D x-ray images. IVB images are generated by intravascular imaging. Larger calcified plaques in the 3-D x-ray images and IVB images are identified for determining orientation points or landmarks. The spatial position of the plaques are correlated and/or registered based on the orientation points or landmarks. The IVB image data and 3-D image data are fused and reproduced.
US08630467B2 Diagnosis assisting system using three dimensional image data, computer readable recording medium having a related diagnosis assisting program recorded thereon, and related diagnosis assisting method
A plurality of sets of volume data obtained by imaging a subject on different imaging dates or different imaging times are analyzed, to calculate at least one type of index value that represents the state of the subject within each set of volume data. Transition data that represent transitions in the index values are generated for each type of index value, based on the calculated index values. At least one subject map that includes a region in which transitions are detected is generated. Specified data from among the calculated index values and the generated transition data are correlated with regions within each subject map where transitions are detected, and output to a predetermined screen.
US08630465B2 Imaging of buried structures
A method of obtaining an image of buried structures in an object, comprising: providing a camera for imaging visual and infrared-images; providing a bounded light source; partly irradiating said object by said bounded light source; imaging a non-irradiated area of said object by said camera to image said buried structure; and combining said buried structure image with a visual image of said object. Accordingly an image can be obtained while discarding specular reflections of the object. Additionally there is disclosed a method of enhancing imaging of buried structures in an object, comprising: aligning said infrared light source with a visual light source; providing a first edge analysis of said infrared image; providing a second edge analysis of said visual image; comparing said first and second edge analysis; and discarding edges in said infrared image that are also detected in said second image.
US08630464B2 Adaptive iris matching using database indexing
An adaptive iris matching approach for processing images of irises having a quality not sufficient for conventional non-adaptive matching approaches. Visible regions in a radial direction on an iris, without segmenting a circumferential of the iris, may be processed. A boundary of the visible region of the iris may be estimated. An iris map may be constructed with the non-visible portion of the iris masked. The iris map may be at least partially encoded. Partial codes of the iris map may be extracted to index at least portions of a database containing iris information. Irises may be retrieved from the database with an iris code as a query.
US08630462B2 Methods and apparatus for improved motion capture
An apparatus includes an acquisition module, an area definition module, a comparison module and a rendering module. The acquisition module is configured to receive a first position datum and a second position datum associated with a position of an object at a first time and a second time, respectively. The area definition module is configured to set an area surrounding a first object position associated with a focal point of the first position datum as a dead-zone. The comparison module is configured to determine whether a focal point of the second position datum is within that area. If yes, the rendering module is configured to maintain a position on a display of a graphic. Otherwise, the area definition module is configured to set an area surrounding a second object position associated with the first object position and the focal point of the second position datum as the dead-zone.
US08630459B2 Signal processing apparatus
A signal processing apparatus for displaying an input image in the sate in which a part of the image is enlarged, displays an enlarged image obtained by enlarging a part of a designated object in the input image so that the enlarged image is superimposed at a position in accordance with the position of the designated object.
US08630449B2 Device and method for monitoring water level
The present invention relates to a water level monitoring device and method, which has an advantage of efficient water level monitoring and high device reliability by setting a portion of an area including the water area and the shore area in the image data, monitoring an area in the horizontal direction other than the vertical direction through the image, decreasing complexity by significantly reducing the computational amount over an existing vertical direction water level measuring system, excluding noises such as floating matters, irregular reflection and so on through a water level model generating process for area distinction, and generating a water level model adaptive to environmental factors such as algal bloom, muddy water and so on.
US08630448B1 Method and system for image-based nutrition/health monitoring
Data indicating a user's desired, and/or mandated/prescribed, dietary guidelines and/or restrictions is obtained from one or more sources and then when the user is frequenting a restaurant, fast food establishment, supermarket, or any other establishment for obtaining food, an optical image of printed or visual nutritional information associated with the food item the user is contemplating purchasing/eating is obtained via one or more user computing systems. Optical Character Recognition (OCR) technology is then used to transform the printed/visual nutritional information contained in the optical image into discrete nutritional information data. The nutritional information data is then analyzed and compared with the data indicating the user's desired, and/or mandated/prescribed, dietary guidelines and/or restrictions and a recommendation is made to the user as to whether the contemplated food item is a good/acceptable purchase for the user, and/or whether the user should eat/purchase the food item.
US08630445B2 Hidden image method and hidden image apparatus
A hidden image method comprising forming a set of carrier devices which when overlayed upon one another and aligned will reveal N images within a common area, the set of carrier devices being formed by: forming N latent images from respective ones of the N images and respective ones of N line decoders to hide the N images, each latent image being decodeable by the decoder from which the latent image is formed to reveal the image the latent image hides, the N latent images further formed such that the lines of the decoders cross one another within the common area at line angles displaced relative to one another so as to define a single axis of alignment; and forming each carrier device of the set of carrier devices by combining at least two items selected from the set of latent images and decoders so as not to decode any of the hidden images and such that the set of carrier devices includes all the latent images and all the decoders, whereby the set of carrier devices will reveal the N hidden images within the common area when overlayed upon one another and aligned. Also disclosed are a line decoder comprising a plurality of lines which diverge from one another, a line decoder comprising a plurality of lines at least some of which have an increasing average width from one end to another, a line decoder comprising at least some lines having non-integer line widths.
US08630444B2 Method for embedding messages into structure shapes
Embodiments of the invention disclose a system and a method for embedding a symbol in a glyph, comprising the steps of determining a set of landmarks representing an outline of the glyph; determining a data segment between two landmarks, wherein the data segment is suitable for embedding the symbol; modifying the data segment according to the symbol to produce a modified glyph such that the symbol is embedded in the modified glyph; and outputting the modified glyph.
US08630443B2 Automatic error detection for inventory tracking and management systems used at a shipping container yard
A method automatically detects errors in a container inventory database associated with a container inventory tracking system of a container storage facility. A processor in the inventory tracking system performs a method that: obtains a first data record, identifies an event (e.g., pickup, drop-off, or movement) associated with the first record, provides a list of error types based on the identified event, and determines whether a data error has occurred through a checking process. In each of the checking steps, the processor selects an error type from the list of error types, determines a search criterion based on the selected error type and the first data record, queries the database using the search criterion, compares query results with the first data record to detect data conflicts between them, and upon the detection of the data conflicts, reports that a data error of the selected error type has been detected.
US08630441B2 Multi-magnetic speaker
A multi-magnet speaker is disclosed. The multi-magnet speaker includes a frame defining a hollow space, a magnetic system defining a yoke and a plurality of magnetic gaps positioned in the hollow space, a diaphragm mounted on the frame and a plurality of coils attached to the bottom of the diaphragm. The diaphragm includes a plurality of vibrating membranes each defining a dome part and an arcuate portion radially extending from the periphery of the dome part. Each of the coils is received in the corresponding magnetic gap to drive the corresponding vibrating membrane to vibrate.
US08630439B2 Acoustic conversion device and acoustic conversion device assembly method
An acoustic conversion device includes: a driving unit including magnets, a yoke, a coil, a vibrating portion, and an armature fixed to the yoke; a diaphragm unit including a holding frame fixed to the driving unit, with one face as a first-joint face jointed to the driving unit, and the other face as a second-joint face, a resin film adhered to the holding frame, a diaphragm held on the holding frame, and a beam portion propagating vibration from the vibrating portion to the diaphragm; and a storage unit including a case body for storing the driving unit and diaphragm unit; with the driving unit and diaphragm unit being stored in the case body, the case body being pressed against and deforming a sealing agent loaded in the second-joint face, from a side facing the second-joint face, thereby sealing each gap between the case body, cover body, and holding frame.
US08630438B2 Speaker isolation system
A loudspeaker mounting assembly for mounting a loudspeaker in an isolated relation to a structure includes an enclosure and a plurality of interface elements composed of a vibration-damping material. The enclosure has an interior for receiving the loudspeaker and includes at least two spaced-apart support members. Each of the at least two support members includes a support member outer surface and an inner surface extending from the support member outer surface into the support member. The inner surface defines a support member bore. Each interface element includes an interface element outer surface. Each interface element is disposed in a corresponding one of the support member bores and at least partially extends out from the respective support member outer surface, where each interface element outer surface contacts the respective inner surface of the support member.
US08630437B2 Offending frequency suppression in hearing aids
Adaptive notch filters can be used to estimate offending frequencies caused by feedback within a hearing aid system. The offending frequencies can be suppressed by filtering. Offending frequencies can be identified based on variability of the adaptive notch filter parameters.
US08630436B2 Earpiece
An ear unit for stably fitting in an ear includes a first surface facing inwardly toward the ear, a second, opposite surface facing outwardly from the ear and an outer circumferential surface formed between the first and second surfaces. The outer circumferential surface is shaped as a decremental curve. The distance between the ends of the decremental curve is approximately equal to the distance between a first cavity formed under the tragus of the ear and second cavity covered by the lower node of the antihelix of the ear. The first surface is provided with a curvature that provides a contact surface that substantially conforms to the concha, providing an improved attachment, thereby enabling the ear unit to fit closely against the concha when the ear unit is positioned into the ear.
US08630431B2 Beamforming in hearing aids
A hearing aid system includes a first microphone and a second microphone for provision of electrical input signals, a beamformer for provision of a first audio signal based at least in part on the electrical input signals, the first audio signal having a directional spatial characteristic, wherein the beamformer is configured to provide a second audio signal based at least in part on the electrical input signals, the second audio signal having a spatial characteristic that is different from the directional spatial characteristic of the first audio signal, and a mixer configured for mixing the first audio signal and the second audio signal in order to provide an output signal to be heard by a user.
US08630430B2 Condenser microphone
A condenser microphone has an output circuit comprising an emitter-follower circuit; an impedance converter comprising an FET and at least one transistor of the emitter-follower circuit provided next to the FET; and the transistor having an emitter terminal provided with a constant-voltage circuit. The FET included in the impedance converter is operated by a voltage supplied from the constant-voltage circuit.
US08630429B2 Preventing electrostatic pull-in in capacitive devices
A microphone system including an audio sensor with a first electrode and a second electrode. A voltage source is coupled to the first electrode and the second electrode. A high-impedance bias network is coupled between the voltage source and the first electrode of the audio sensor. Additional electronics operate based on a state of the first electrode of the electromechanical device. A feedback system is configured to maintain an electrical potential across the high-impedance bias network at approximately zero volts. Maintaining the electrical potential across the high-impedance bias network at approximately zero volts reduces the tendency of electrostatic pull-in occurring.
US08630427B2 Telecommunications terminal and method of operation of the terminal
A telecommunications terminal (100) includes an input audio transducer (111), a receiver (101) for receiving an electrical signal representing a transmitted audio signal, a noise energy estimator (117) for estimating an audio noise energy input received by the input audio transducer and an audio enhancement means (108) for applying to the received electrical signal in a selected audio frequency band a gain which is greater than the gain applied to audio frequencies of the received electrical signal outside the selected band, the gain applied being a function of the audio noise energy input.
US08630424B2 Active noise control system and method
An Active Noise Control (ANC) for controlling a noise produced by a noise source may include an acoustic sensor (212) to sense a noise pattern and to produce a noise signal corresponding to the sensed noise pattern, an estimator (202) to produce a predicted noise signal by applying an estimation function to the noise signal, and an acoustic transducer (216) to produce a noise destructive pattern based on the predicted noise signal.
US08630422B2 Fully homomorphic encryption method based on a bootstrappable encryption scheme, computer program and apparatus
A method includes encrypting information in accordance with an encryption scheme that uses a public key; encrypting a plurality of instances of a secret key, each being encrypted using at least one additional instance of the public key; sending the encrypted information and the plurality of encrypted instances of the secret key to a destination; receiving an encrypted result from the destination; and decrypting the encrypted result. A further method includes receiving a plurality of encrypted secret keys and information descriptive of a function to be performed on data; converting the information to a circuit configured to perform the function on the data; and applying the data to inputs of the circuit and evaluating the data using, in turn, the plurality of encrypted secret keys.
US08630421B2 Cryptographic key backup and escrow system
A system for securely storing application keys is comprised of a database system, a peripheral hardware security module and cryptographic keys, wherein cryptographic keys comprise application keys, intermediate keys and a master key. Application keys are grouped according to characteristic and are associated with a particular intermediate key, which is utilized to scramble and descramble application keys within the associated group. Intermediate keys are associated with the master key, which is utilized to scramble and descramble the intermediate keys. Scrambling and descrambling of keys is performed within the peripheral hardware security module.
US08630420B2 Method for auto-configuration of a network terminal address
A method for generating a network address in a communication network includes at least one user equipment and a network equipment. The method includes: a) providing a same shared secret key both at the at least one user equipment and at the network equipment; and b) generating at least a portion of the network address at the at least one user equipment and at the network equipment based upon at least the shared secret key.
US08630418B2 Secure management of keys in a key repository
A system or computer usable program product for managing keys in a computer memory including receiving a request to store a first key to a first key repository, storing the first key to a second key repository in response to the request, and storing the first key from the second key repository to the first key repository within said computer memory based on a predetermined periodicity.
US08630413B2 Digital contents reproducing terminal and method for supporting digital contents transmission/reception between terminals according to personal use scope
A terminal for reproducing a digital content in support of transmitting/receiving the digital content to/from another terminal based on whether a terminal is registered in a domain and whether a terminal belongs to a person use scope such that the terminal belonging to the person use scope is not registered in the domain.
US08630409B2 Two-party private estimation of dataset similarity
A two-party approximation protocol is transformed into a private approximation protocol. A first input xε{0, 1, . . . , M}n and a second input yε{0, 1, . . . , M}n of a two party approximation protocol approximating a function of a form ƒ(x, y)=Σj=1ng(xj, yj) is received. Variable B is set as a public upper bound on ƒ(x, y). Variable l is set l=O*(1). The following is performed until ∑ j = 1 l ⁢ z j ≥ l t or B<1, where t is an arbitrary number: (1) a private importance sampling protocol with the first input x, the second input y, and a third input 1k, is executed independently for jε[l], where k is a security parameter, an output of the private importance sampling protocol is shares of Ijε[n]∪{⊥}; (2) l coin tosses z1, . . . , zl are independently generated where zj=1 iff Ij≠⊥; and (3) B is divided by 2 if ∑ j = 1 l ⁢ z j ≥ l t or B<1 is not satisfied. When ∑ j = 1 l ⁢ z j ≥ l 8 or B<1 a private (ε, δ)-approximation Ψ protocol for ƒ(x, y)=Σj=1ng(xj, yj) is outputted where Ψ = 2 ⁢ B l ⁢ ∑ j = 1 l ⁢ z j , ε is an arbitrary number, and δ=exp(−k).
US08630400B2 Telephone relay system, telephone relay apparatus, recording medium and data processing method
When a telephone call line from an outgoing telephone terminal to the specific telephone terminal of a specific terminal user is not opened, the telephone relay apparatus acquires periphery requirement data from user scheduled data about the specific terminal user having a scheduled date matching the present date, and selects a peripheral telephone terminal. Opening of a telephone call line from the outgoing telephone terminal to the selected peripheral telephone terminal is tried, and the outgoing telephone terminal not connected to the specific telephone terminal is connected to the peripheral telephone terminal. Thus, it is possible to increase the possibility that the telephone outgoing user and the specific terminal user can talk to each other between the peripheral telephone terminal and the outgoing telephone terminal.
US08630399B2 Method and system for managing a contact center configuration
A system for adapting a contact center configuration in order to achieve a specific business goal is provided. The system comprises a display for displaying to a user a representation of an actual state of a performance metric of the contact center, an interactive tool for enabling the user to interact with and thereby modify the representation of the performance metric to a desired state, and a computation engine. The computational engine is arranged to determine a measure of the modification of the representation and to identify at least one contact center configuration parameter, which if adjusted, results in an update of the actual state of the performance metric which more closely approaches the desired state represented by the modification.
US08630396B2 Methods and systems for transferring voice messages and faxes over a network
Processes and systems for transferring communication messages, such as fax and voice messages, between a computer and a terminal are disclosed. For example, a fax message intended for a user is received at a call processing system. A voice message intended for the user is received at the call processing system. An initial portion of the fax message and the voice message are transferred to a user terminal. The user can view the initial portion of the fax message and listed in the initial portion of the voice message using the user terminal. At least a second portion of the fax message is downloaded to the user terminal in a trickle mode, and at least a second portion of the voice message is downloaded to the user terminal in a trickle mode.
US08630394B2 Methods, systems, and products for providing communications services
Methods, systems, and products provide communications services. A communication is received from an address, and a database of text messages is queried for the address. A text message associated with the address is retrieved and sent in response to the communication.
US08630388B2 Method and device for ocular alignment and coupling of ocular structures
Embodiments provide method and systems for determining or measuring objective eye alignment in an external-coordinate system so as to define a reference axis. Additional embodiments provide a method and system of aligning an objectively determined reference axis of the eye in a selected relationship to a therapeutic axis of an ophthalmic therapeutic apparatus and/or a diagnostic axis of an ophthalmic diagnostic apparatus. Embodiments provide a method and system for planning an ophthalmic treatment procedure based on objective eye alignment in an external-coordinate system so as to define a reference axis of an eye to be treated. The reference axis may be used to position a therapeutic energy component, for example, an orthovoltage X-ray treatment device, e.g., positioned to provide treatment to tissue on the retina, such as the macula.
US08630386B2 Clock recovery in a battery powered device
A battery powered device is able to maintain a clock value when the battery is removed for a short period. During a first time period, while the battery is in the device, clock pulses derived from a first oscillator are counted at a first rate in a first counter that represents the clock value. During a second time period following the first time period, while the battery is removed, the value of the first counter is maintained independent of any clock pulses derived from the first oscillator, clock pulses derived from a second low power oscillator are counted in a second counter. During a recovery time period following the second time period, clock pulses derived from the second oscillator are again counted in the second counter, while clock pulses derived from the first oscillator are counted in the first counter at a second rate higher than the first rate, the duration of the recovery time period being determined based on the number of pulses counted in the second counter during the second time period.
US08630385B2 Emergency core cooling duct for emergency core cooling water injection of a nuclear reactor
The present invention relates to a longitudinally divided emergency core cooling (ECC) duct in order to efficiently inject safety water to core of a pressurized light-water nuclear reactor. The ECC duct includes side supports for preventing the flow-induced vibration in the annular downcomer, and has structural stability while thermally expanding and contracting. A longitudinally divided ECC duct for emergency core cooling water injection of a nuclear reactor is provided on the periphery of a core barrel of a nuclear reactor, includes an emergency core cooling water inlet facing a direct vessel injection nozzle, and extends in a longitudinal direction of the core barrel. The longitudinally divided ECC duct is divided into a plurality of longitudinally-divided ducts in the longitudinal direction of the longitudinally divided ECC duct.
US08630382B2 Asynchronous data recovery methods and apparatus
Embodiments of data recovery apparatus include oscillators, edge detection circuitry, and data storage. The oscillators generate data detection signals, which convey first series of pulses during time periods for which a serial bit stream conveys a logical 1, and second series of pulses during time periods for which the serial bit stream conveys a logical 0. The edge detection circuitry detects transition edges of the first and second series of pulses, and generates data storage signals that include first indications of detected transition edges in the first series of pulses and second indications of detected transition edges in the second series of pulses. In response to receiving a first indication, a logical 1 is written into an unmasked subset of data storage bit locations. In response to receiving a second indication, a logical 0 is written into the unmasked subset of bit locations.
US08630380B2 Receiver apparatus, image signal attenuating method, and mismatch compensating method
To improve the degree of removal of unwanted component signals with a small area while eliminating the need for a high-frequency signal source. IF band simulated image signals IM-I, IM-Q output from an IF band simulated image signal generating unit (12) are input to a quadrature mixer (14) through a path switch (13). The signals IM-I and IM-Q which are fed through and output from the quadrature mixer (14) are output from a complex filter (16), and the amplitudes of the signals IM-I and IM-Q are detected by an amplitude detecting unit (17). Based on the detected amplitudes, an element value control unit (18) controls element values of constituent elements of the complex filter (16) so as to decrease the amplitudes.
US08630379B1 Methods and apparatus for multiple input multiple output (MIMO) successive interference cancellation (SIC)
Systems and methods are provided for determining a successive interference cancellation (SIC) decoding ordering in a multiple input multiple output transmission (MIMO) system. Multiple decoding orderings for received codewords are identified. A performance objective, such as total throughput or total probability of decoding, is computed for each one of the orderings based on the position of the codewords in the ordering. A globally optimal ordering is found that maximizes the performance objective over the multiple decoding orderings.
US08630375B2 Method and apparatus for received signal processing in a multi-stage receiver
The present disclosure provides an apparatus and method for advantageously simplifying joint detection processing in one or more demodulation stages of a multi-stage receiver by configuring at least one stage to use a constrained multi-user search, such as a constrained tree search. For example, a multi-stage receiver includes at least two stages configured to successively process a received composite signal that includes signal contributions from two or more “users”, which, for example, means that the received signal includes two or more symbol streams. In a non-limiting example, particular embodiments of the present invention combines constrained tree searching with Serial Localized Indecision (SLIC) processing in a multi-stage receiver, where each stage includes a joint processing unit. At least one of those stages is configured to use a constrained multi-user search, rather than a full search, for jointly detecting symbols in the stage input signal.
US08630374B2 Packet detection and coarse symbol timing for rotated differential M-ary PSK modulated preamble signal
A packet detection and coarse symbol timing recovery system for preamble signal modulated with rotated differential M-ary phase shift key (PSK) modulation includes a differential detection unit, to provide a symbol signal responsive to a received signal. A preamble sequence correlator performs a preamble sequence correlation on the symbol signal to produce a correlator signal. A metric calculation unit performs a metric calculation on the correlator signal to produce a metric. A packet detection unit determines that a packet is detected and produces a sample index. A coarse symbol timing unit finds a peak of the calculated metric signal outputs a sample index for the peak as coarse symbol timing information. The sample indexes are used in processing a physical layer convergence procedure (PLCP) header and physical layer service data unit (PSDU) block.
US08630373B2 Receiver for receiving signal containing clock information and data information, and clock-embedded interface method
A receiver for receiving information that contains clock information and data information and a clock-embedded interface method. In the clock-embedded method, a clock signal and data may be reconstructed by receiving a pair of differential signals that contain clock information and data information and by using a change in a common voltage of the pair of differential signals.
US08630372B2 Method and apparatus for detecting a plurality of symbol blocks using a decoder
Teachings presented herein offer a technique for using a demodulator to improve a demodulation process. For example, a demodulation unit according to an embodiment of the present invention may be a multi-stage demodulator and may include: a demodulator configured to receive a baseband signal and configured to produce modem bit likelihood values based on the received baseband signal; a decoder configured to receive and process the modem bit likelihood values to produce improved modem bit likelihood values; a candidate value generator configured to produce, based on the improved modem bit likelihood values, candidate symbol values for a group of one or more symbols; and a detector configured to receive the baseband signal and the candidate symbol values and configured to produce one of (a) final modem bit estimates and (b) candidate symbol values for a group of symbols.
US08630369B2 Emphasis circuit and transmitter
An emphasis circuit includes: an applying circuit to add an emphasis signal to an input differential signal; a feedback path to feed back a differential output of the applying unit; a comparing circuit to compare a direct current component level of a positive phase signal and of a negative phase signal of the differential signal; a direct current component level controlling circuit to control a direct current component level of at least one of the positive phase signal and the negative phase signal; a delay unit circuit to add a delay to at least one of the fed-backed differential signal to generate the emphasis signal and inputs the emphasis signal into the applying unit; and a dummy load coupled to a positive phase signal output or a negative phase signal output of the applying unit.
US08630367B2 Signaling format for wireless communications
Methods, devices and systems for wireless communication generate signals by determining whether legacy devices are within a proximal region of the wireless communication. When at least one legacy device is within the proximal region, a frame is formatted to include a preamble field, a signal field, and a data field. Further, the uncoded bits are encoded according to a coding format. The coding format is determined according to bits in the preamble and applicable sub-field lengths.
US08630365B2 Transceiver for communicating over different media types
One embodiment of the present invention relates to a transceiver. The transceiver includes a transmitter having a first transmission path configured to transmit a digital baseband signal over a wireline medium. In addition, the transmitter has a second transmission path configured to transmit a radio frequency signal over a wireless medium. Other systems and methods are also disclosed.
US08630362B1 QLM co-state MAP trellis
This invention discloses a new Co-State Maximum A-Posterior (MAP) trellis algorithm for implementing Quadrature Layered Modulation (QLM) demodulation over multiple layered channels. This MAP trellis algorithm has been demonstrated to provide performance which is at least as good as the current Maximum Likelihood (ML) trellis algorithm and to support a considerable reduction in the number of trellis paths to reduce the computational complexity. Computational complexity prevents ML trellis demodulation of higher order data symbol metrics over multiple layered channels since there is no viable means to support fewer trellis paths. MAP algorithms for reduction of trellis paths are disclosed for data symbol waveforms representative of OFDM, SC-OFDM, satellite, media, wire, and optical communications. QLM waveforms have mainlobes in time/frequency approximating square pulse mainlobes and have sidelobes which are relatively low to facilitate using iterative MAP trellis algorithms which include both mainlobes and sidelobes.
US08630359B2 Radio transmission method, radio reception method, radio transmission apparatus and radio reception apparatus
A pilot signal is transmitted with a predetermined frequency band and a data signal is transmitted with a partial band of the frequency band, and the pilot signal and the data signal to be transmitted with at least the partial band, are controlled its waveform to have the same waveforms in a frequency domain. Thus, in the case of controlling waveforms of the pilot signal and the data signal which have different occupied bands, it is possible to, in a portion of the occupied band for the data signal, avoid the mapping of a low-quality pilot signal or the like, enhance the data signal demodulation capability and improve the data signal reception characteristic while suppressing PAPR.
US08630357B2 Ultra-wideband dual band magnitude summer apparatus and method
This invention relates to capturing and processing the full bandwidth of an Ultra-Wideband (UWB) signal. An incoming UWB signal is processed in two different analog signal bands in parallel and their magnitudes summed to facilitate a Field programmable gate array (FPGA) processing of the entire UWB bandwidth to minimize digital implementation loss and promote a higher range.
US08630352B2 Scalable video encoding/decoding method and apparatus thereof with overriding weight value in base layer skip mode
Provided is a scalable video encoding method and apparatus, in which in adaptive reference fine grain scalability (AR-FGS) of scalable video coding, a weight value that is greater than a previous weight value provided for each slice overrides the previous weight value in order to generate a reference block for a enhancement layer when a macroblock mode of a base layer is a skip mode.
US08630349B2 Method of determining motion vectors for a bi-predictive image block
In the method of determining motion vectors for a bi-predictive image block, reference index information from a co-located image block for the bi-predictive image block is obtained. The motion vectors of the bi-predictive image block are determined based on a type of reference picture referred to by the reference index information.
US08630348B2 Method of predicting an image block
According to one embodiment of the method of determining a motion vector of a current image block at least a first motion vector of a current image block is determined based on a kind of reference buffer storing a reference picture referenced by a co-located image block. For example, in one embodiment of the method, a first motion vector of the current image block may be set equal to a motion vector of the co-located image block and a second motion vector of the current image block may be set equal to zero if the reference buffer is a kind of buffer storing a long-term reference picture.
US08630345B2 Method and apparatus for video interprediction encoding /decoding
Provided is are method and apparatus for video interprediction encoding/decoding. The method of video interprediction encoding/decoding includes extracting intraprediction-encoded/decoded blocks included in previously encoded/decoded pictures and predicting a current block from the extracted blocks. Thus, video encoding/decoding can be performed using both an intra (I) picture and correlation with adjacent pictures, thereby increasing the speed of video encoding/decoding.
US08630344B2 Method and apparatus for decoding/encoding a video signal with inter-view reference picture list construction
A method of decoding a video signal is disclosed. The present invention includes obtaining identification information indicating whether a coded picture of a current NAL unit is an inter-view picture group, obtaining interview reference information of the inter-view picture group, and constructing a reference picture list for inter-view prediction using the inter-view reference information according to the identification information, wherein the inter-view reference information includes view identification information of an inter-view reference picture.
US08630341B2 Method for training and utilizing separable transforms for video coding
A video encoded as a bit stream is decoded using trained sparse orthonormal transforms generated from decoded prediction residual signals, wherein the transforms have associated indices. A current macroblock is entropy decoded and inverse quantized to produce decoded coefficients. For the current macroblock, an L0-norm regularized training process generates a set of mode-dependent sparse orthonormal inverse transforms, selected according to a prediction mode signaled in the bit stream. Decoded coefficients are inverse transformed and then are combined with previously decoded macroblocks to generate an output macroblock of a reconstructed video.
US08630339B2 Method and apparatus for variable accuracy inter-picture timing specification for digital video encoding
A method and apparatus for variable accuracy inter-picture timing specification for digital video encoding is disclosed. Specifically, the present invention discloses a system that allows the relative timing of nearby video pictures to be encoded in a very efficient manner. In one embodiment, the display time difference between a current video picture and a nearby video picture is determined. The display time difference is then encoded into a digital representation of the video picture. In a preferred embodiment, the nearby video picture is the most recently transmitted stored picture. For coding efficiency, the display time difference may be encoded using a variable length coding system or arithmetic coding. In an alternate embodiment, the display time difference is encoded as a power of two to reduce the number of bits transmitted.
US08630338B2 Method and device for image interpolation systems based on motion estimation and compensation
A motion estimation method and device are provided for processing images to be inserted, between a preceding original image and a following original image, into a sequence of images. Each image is divided into pixel blocks associated with motion vectors. For a current block of an image being processed, motion vectors associated with blocks of the image being processed and/or associated with blocks of a processed image are selected. Candidate vectors are generated from selected motion vectors. An error is calculated for each candidate vector. A penalty is determined for a subset of candidate vectors on the basis of the values of the pixels of the pixel block in the preceding original image from which the candidate motion vector points to the current block and/or on the basis of the values of the pixels of the pixel block in the following original image to which the candidate motion vector points from the current block.
US08630336B2 Partial response receiver and related method
A multi-phase partial response equalizer circuit includes sampler circuits that sample an input signal to generate sampled signals in response to sampling clock signals having different phases. A first multiplexer circuit selects one of the sampled signals as a first sampled bit to represent the input signal. A first storage circuit coupled to an output of the first multiplexer circuit stores the first sampled bit in response to a first clock signal. A second multiplexer circuit selects one of the sampled signals as a second sampled bit to represent the input signal based on the first sampled bit. A second storage circuit stores a sampled bit selected from the sampled signals in response to a second clock signal. A time period between the second storage circuit storing a sampled bit and the first storage circuit storing the first sampled bit is substantially greater than a unit interval in the input signal.
US08630335B2 SNR estimation
A method for estimating a Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) in a received signal including, for a fixed first set of a plurality of samples from the received signal, providing an initial noise estimate, starting with the initial noise estimate, iteratively improving the noise estimate, and estimating SNR based, at least partly, on the fixed first set of samples from the received signal and the noise estimate. Additional related apparatus and methods are also described.
US08630332B2 GNSS signal processor
A signal processor for GPS or other GNSS radiolocalization systems, includes a RAM pre-correlation buffer which is filled in sync with the code NCO, thus all sample alignment in the buffer is fixed The device further includes an amplitude compressor to limit the size of the buffer memory and is optimized to provide data to the following DFT unit in small bursts that can be processed in real time without the need for intermediate buffers. Thanks to these features the processor limits the amount of fast intermediate memories, is simpler and has lowerpower consumption.
US08630324B2 Semiconductor laser drive device and image forming apparatus incorporating same
A semiconductor laser drive device includes a semiconductor-laser drive element to generate a drive current according to an input control signal to supply the drive current to a semiconductor laser, a control circuit to control the drive current by controlling the semiconductor-laser drive element, and a drive current detection circuit to detect a current value of the drive current supplied to the semiconductor laser and generate a digital control signal representing the detected digital value of the drive current to output.
US08630321B2 Scanning temporal ultrafast delay and methods and apparatuses therefor
Methods and apparatuses for performing temporal scanning using ultra-short pulse width lasers in which only minimal (micro-scale) mechanical movement is required, and related methods for obtaining high-accuracy timing calibration, on the order of femtoseconds, are disclosed. A dual laser system is disclosed in which the cavity of one or more of the lasers is dithered using a piezoelectric element. A Fabry-Perot etalon generates a sequence of timing pulses used in conjunction with a laser beam produced by the laser having the dithered laser cavity. A correlator correlates a laser pulse from one of the lasers with the sequence of timing pulses to produce a calibrated time scale. The invention is applicable to applications requiring rapid scanning and time calibration, including metrology, characterization of charge dynamics in semiconductors, electro-optic testing of ultrafast electronic and optoelectronic devices, optical time domain reflectometry, and electro-optic sampling oscilloscopes.
US08630319B2 Multi-receiver combining for distributed antenna systems with code division multiple access radio frequency uplink sources
A distributed antenna system and related methods are provided to reduce interference among wireless mobile devices in a distributed antenna system. A combiner is provided that is configured to be coupled to a plurality of remote transceiver stations deployed in a coverage area and which wirelessly transmit downlink signals to and receive uplink signals from wireless mobile devices. A plurality of input streams that carry uplink signals transmitted by wireless mobile devices are received on individually assigned signal paths from each of the remote transceiver stations. At least one parameter of an input stream received from the one or more of the remote transceiver stations is monitored. A mapping function is determined based on the monitoring. The plurality of input streams are combined based on the mapping function to produce the two or more output streams and the two or more output streams are sent to corresponding receivers in a base station.
US08630313B2 Signal mapping method and communication device
Ameliorate deterioration in quality of communication caused by intercell interference with respect to a multicarrier communications protocol, such as OFDM. A method of positioning an error correction-coded signal is changed with a data symbol that is transmitted simultaneously with a pilot signal and a data symbol that is not simultaneous with the pilot symbol. Else, a modulation protocol is changed with a data symbol that is transmitted simultaneously with a pilot signal and a data symbol that is not simultaneous with the pilot symbol. It would further be permissible to lower either a signal amplitude or a power level of a data symbol that is transmitted simultaneously with a pilot signal.
US08630312B2 System and method for wireless communication of uncompressed video having connection control protocol
A system and method for wireless communication of uncompressed audiovisual data are disclosed. The system includes a first device and a second device wirelessly connectable to each other. The first device transmits a connection control information request from the first device to the second device, wherein the connection control information request includes a request for connection control information of the second device. The connection control information includes at least one of association information, wireless video area network (WVAN) information, device capability information, audio video (A/V) format capability information, bandwidth information, A/V stream start, stop or pause command information, and device control information. The request further includes connection control information of the first device. The second device is configured to transmit a connection control information response from the second device to the first device. The connection control information response includes the connection control information of the second device.
US08630309B2 Frame generation apparatus and method of protecting protocol header information over wideband high frequency wireless system
Provided are a frame generation apparatus and method that may protect variable length header information in a wideband high frequency wireless system. The frame generation apparatus may report variable length header information of a frame, and thereby the variable length header information may be verified in a receiving device. Also, the frame generation apparatus may convert a variable length header into a fixed length header by adding padding information to the variable length header of a frame, thereby protecting variable length header information.
US08630300B2 System and method for deploying communication services
A system and method for deploying communication services is disclosed. A system that incorporates teachings of the present disclosure may include, for example, a cross-connect system having an Ethernet switch coupled to a central office and coupled to a plurality of buildings by way of a plurality of digital subscriber line (DSL) ports, and a worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX) transceiver coupled to a high speed port of the Ethernet switch. The WiMAX transceiver can be used to augment a limited capacity of at least one of the plurality of DSL ports by distributing a portion of services carried by the at least one DSL port to the WiMAX transceiver. Accordingly, the cross-connect system can supply dual-mode communications. Additional embodiments are disclosed.
US08630296B2 Shared and separate network stack instances
A method for configuring a packet destination, that includes creating the packet destination on a host, obtaining a network configuration for the packet destination, determining whether the host comprises a virtual network stack, where the virtual network stack includes the network configuration, and assigning the packet destination to the virtual network stack.
US08630293B2 Solar power plant with scalable communications protocol
A solar collector controller that can process solar field control commands can include a network interface that can receive a variable-length data packet with a collector controller. The collector controller can control one or more solar collectors. In addition, the variable-length data packet can include a header segment identifying a command to be performed by the collector controller and a data segment having one or more parameters associated with the command. The data segment can have a length that depends on a type of the command. Moreover, the solar collector controller can include a processor that can execute the command in response to receiving the data packet.
US08630290B1 Using a DFA unit for classification list processing
Systems and methods can operate to use a deterministic finite automata module to classify data. In various implementations, a converter can be used to convert a classification list to a state machine operable to be executed by the deterministic finite automata module. In some implementations, the converter can be used to produce a state machine from template data, the state machine being operable to be executed by the deterministic finite automata module.
US08630286B2 System and method for improving multicast performance in banked shared memory architectures
A system and method for improving multicast performance in banked shared memory architectures. Temporal localities created by multicast packets in a shared memory bank are addressed through caching. In one embodiment, multicast packets are stored in a cache memory that is associated with a bank of shared memory. In another embodiment, read requests for multicast packets are stored in a read request cache, wherein additional read requests are accumulated prior to an actual read event.
US08630284B2 Method and apparatus for creating and distributing COST telephony-switching functionality within an IP network
A system for providing and managing IP telephone calls establishes separate and distinct call legs between IP-capable appliances and routers and between routers, and creates calls, changes calls, and manages telephony functions by joining and disjoining calls legs. In some instances one or more call legs disjoined from an active call are maintained as established to be joined later to other call legs to create other active calls. By managing IP calls as separate and distinct legs functions of intelligent, connection-oriented telephony networks may be simulated in IP telephony systems. The management is provided by software running on processors coupled to routers in the IP network.
US08630283B1 System and method for applications based on voice over internet protocol (VoIP) Communications
A system is provided comprising an application server and a media proxy. The application server comprises a first processor, a first memory, and a first application stored in the first memory that, when executed by the first processor, transmits a first digital media stream for mixing with a first voice over internet protocol (VoIP) stream. The media proxy is stored in a second memory and, when executed by a second processor, receives the first voice over internet protocol stream, mixes the first digital media stream with the first voice over internet protocol stream to produce a second voice over internet protocol stream, transmits the second voice over internet protocol stream, receives a third voice over internet protocol stream, produces a fourth internet protocol stream based on the third internet protocol stream, and transmits the fourth internet protocol stream.
US08630282B2 Voice transmitting and receiving system
Voice data from speech start till mute are transmitted as a section voice file to the opposite side voice data transmitting and receiving system, thus permitting voice data transmission free from voice interruption. By transmitting voice data from the speech start till the mute it is possible to eliminate packet losses in the data transmission channel and perform voice communication in the same voice quality as in the transmitting side. Besides, because of the use of HTTP communication port it is possible to obtain voice communication exceeding the rooter without any special setting.
US08630277B1 Self learning roaming optimization
A self learning roaming optimization approach allows a wireless client device to build signal strength maps that store wireless network access point signal strengths at locations along paths traveled by the wireless client device within an operational environment. The signal strengths collected at locations along a path may be analyzed to determine a recommended wireless network access point at the respective locations to achieve a reliable wireless network connection along the mapped path. The stored recommendations may take into account changes in wireless network access point signal strengths, e.g. due to obstructions and/or electromagnetic shields that may block portions of a wireless network access point signal at subsequent locations along the mapped path. A wireless client device may recognize the wireless client device's location along a previously mapped path based on the unique combination, or signature, of wireless network access point signal strengths measured at the wireless client device's location.
US08630276B2 Method of transmitting control information for performing HARQ process in wireless communication system supporting plurality of transmission bands
A method of transmitting control information for performing a Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request (HARQ) process in a wireless communication system supporting a plurality of transmission bands is disclosed. The method includes generating the control information including HARQ Process Set (HPS) information indicating a specific HPS of a plurality of HPSs corresponding to the plurality of transmission bands, and transmitting the generated control information to a user equipment. A predetermined number of independent HARQ processes is performed according to the plurality of transmission bands.
US08630275B2 Apparatus, method, and medium for self-organizing multi-hop wireless access networks
A wireless computer network includes a backbone network including backbone network nodes authenticated to each other and in communication with each other. The wireless computer network also includes a master authenticator node and a proxy authenticator node among the backbone network nodes. When an unauthenticated new node requests authentication to the backbone network and the unauthenticated new node is in communication with at least one of the backbone network nodes, the at least one of the backbone network nodes becoming the proxy authenticator node for the unauthenticated new node and communicates with the master authenticator node to authenticate the unauthenticated new node to the backbone network.
US08630273B2 Dynamic appropriation of at least one multimedia device during call set-up
The invention relates to a method of dynamic appropriation of at least one second multimedia device by a first device situated in a geographical area in which said at least one second multimedia device is situated in the event of a request to set up a call between the first device and a third device, the method including a step of setting up a first signaling link between a server and the first device and a step of controlling the second and third devices from said server with a view to setting up between the second and third devices at least one first payload data stream forming a first part of said call.
US08630272B2 Multi-radio controller and methods for preventing interference between co-located transceivers
Embodiments of a multi-radio controller and methods for preventing interference between co-located transceivers are generally described herein. In some embodiments, the multi-radio controller operates within a multi-radio device and is configured to cause a wireless local area network (WLAN) transceiver to transmit a triggering frame after an active period of a wireless wide-area network (WWAN) transceiver. The triggering frame indicates the duration of a transmission opportunity, which may be restricted to the time between active periods of the WWAN. In response to receipt of the triggering frame, the WLAN access point is configured to transmit a downlink data frame within the transmission opportunity.
US08630269B1 Wireless network having joint power and data rate adaptation
A wireless network includes transmission power and data rate adaptation based upon quality experienced by the user.
US08630263B2 Synchronization method, communication handover method, radio network and node
A synchronization method, a communication handover method, a radio network, and a RAN node are disclosed. The interface information synchronization method includes: determining whether a condition for initiating interface information update is fulfilled; and sending information about the S1 interface between the RAN node and the core network node, and/or information about the X2 interface between the RAN node and the neighboring RAN node to the neighboring RAN node if the condition for initiating interface information update fulfilled.
US08630261B2 Communication method for determining the start of a handover and radio apparatus using the method
A notification unit conveys a transmit timing of a signal to a target radio apparatus. A receiver receives the signal transmitted from the target radio apparatus with a neighborhood of the transmit timing conveyed. A demodulation unit derives a difference between the receive timing and an estimated timing. A determining unit determines a new transmit timing for the target radio apparatus, based on the difference and outputs the new transmit timing determined to the notification unit. When a state in which the receive timing lags the estimated receive timing occurs more than a predetermined frequency, the determining unit instructs the target radio apparatus to start a handover.
US08630258B2 Femto cell visitation history for automatic location area code planning
System(s) and method(s) are provided for automatic radio paging parameter planning. For location area update (LAC), reuse plan is based at least in part on actual subscriber mobility in a set of deployed femto access points (APs). Mobility data is incorporate in LAC planning through a visitation matrix spanned by the set of deployed femto APs. Visitation matrix elements are counts of failed attachment attempts, or unwelcomed visits, from a subscriber station authorized to attach to a first femto AP into a second femto AP in which the subscriber station is not authorized to attach. Automatic LAC planning is achieved iteratively through a search algorithm that minimizes a cost function related to unwelcome visits, and through a planning principle that assigns disparate LACs to pairs of femto APs with high reciprocal unwelcome visits and same LACs to pairs of femto APs with low reciprocal unwelcome visits.
US08630253B2 System and method for mapping data symbols
A system and method for mapping data symbols are provided. A method for communications device operations includes transmitting resource element utilization information to a communications device, and mapping symbols intended for the communications device to the plurality of resource elements. The resource element utilization information includes utilization information for a subset of resource elements out of a plurality of resource elements, the subset of resource elements corresponds to other resource elements of at least one other cell within a cooperating set, and the other resource elements are carrying specified signals. The mapping is based on the resource element utilization, and the mapping is performed by at least one cell within the cooperating set.
US08630251B2 Method of supporting heterogeneous mode in a wireless communication system
A data communication method is disclosed, which can simultaneously support heterogeneous systems in a wireless communication system based on multiple carrier multiple access. For a dual mode between heterogeneous systems, the data communication method includes transmitting control information for a first system mode and a second system mode to a mobile station through a channel resource zone used in the first system mode, and performing data transmission and reception between the system and the mobile station through channel resource zones allocated from the first system mode or the second system mode.
US08630250B2 Method, system and apparatus for minimization of drive tests
Disclosed are a minimization of drive test (MDT) method, system, and device, relating to the technical field of radio communications for solving the problem that the MDT measurement data fails to be reported because the data volume of MDT measurement data reported by a user equipment (UE) exceeds the volume of data capable of being stored by a PDCP module. In the present invention, a UE receives a notification, sent from a base station, of reporting an MDT measurement result; and when a total data volume of the stored MDT measurement result data to be reported is greater than the volume of data capable of being stored by a PDCP module, the UE reports the MDT measurement result data to the base station in one or more times, the total data volume of MDT measurement result data reported each time being not greater than the volume of data capable of being stored by the PDCP module. With the present invention, the problem that the MDT measurement data fails to be reported because the data volume of MDT measurement data reported by the UE exceeds the volume of data capable of being stored by the PDCP module can be solved.
US08630249B2 Allocation of signal-to-noise ratio margin in multi-carrier systems
Allocation of different signal-to-noise margins to different carriers in a multi-carrier system is described. A preferred embodiment comprises assigning signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) margins to carriers in a multi-carrier system, comprises assigning a first SNR margin to a first data service based upon a first service characteristic, assigning a second SNR margin to a second data service based upon a second service characteristic, transmitting data associated with the first data service using the first signal-to-noise margin, and transmitting data associated with the second data service using the second signal-to-noise margin.
US08630248B2 Method and apparatus for performing HARQ in multiple carrier system
A method and apparatus for performing hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) in a multiple carrier system are provided. A user equipment performs an HARQ process in a source component carrier. When the user equipment receives a management message regarding a transfer from the source component carrier to a target component carrier, the user equipment subsequently performs the HARQ process in the target component carrier.
US08630247B2 System and method for managing tracking area identity lists in a mobile network environment
A method is provided in one example embodiment and includes communicating a plurality of queries associated with common tracking areas in a wireless network; identifying a set of serving gateways that serve the common tracking areas; generating a tracking area identity (TAI) list to be used in provisioning network resources for user equipment; and selecting a first serving gateway from the set of serving gateways for the user equipment, wherein the first serving gateway is selected based on the common tracking areas served by the set of serving gateways. In more specific embodiments, the queries are domain name system (DNS) queries that are supported by a network element and that have no cached DNS response.
US08630244B2 Channel structuring method and base station therewith
The present invention is directed to a channel structuring method that includes a step of providing time frames segmented at a predetermined interval in communication channels of n subcarriers, a step of selecting a predetermined number of subcarriers from n subcarriers and a step of inserting a common control channel signal and a common pilot signal periodically into each of the time frames of the selected subcarriers.
US08630238B2 Apparatus, system and method for the transmission of data with different QoS attributes
An apparatus, system and method are provided for transmitting data from logical channel queues over a telecommunications link, each of the logical channel queues capable of being associated with quality of service attributes, the method including determining available resources for transmission over the telecommunications link in a frame; selecting one of the logical channel queues based on a first one of the quality of service attributes; packaging data from the selected one of the logical channel queues until one of: a second one of the quality of service attributes for the selected one of the logical channel queues is satisfied, the available resources are used, or the selected one of the logical channel queues is empty; and repeating the selecting step and the packaging step for remaining ones of the logical channel queues.
US08630232B2 Method for managing a mobile network
A method for managing a mobile network having local mobile nodes and a mobile router for routing packets amongst said local mobile nodes and to and from another packet routing network comprises the steps of, in response to a recognized indication condition indicating that a local mobile node left the mobile network, notifying one or more components in the mobile accordingly, and in one or more of the components of the mobile network, adapting one or more settings in accordance with said notification.
US08630231B2 Method and system for facilitating wireless communication via alternate wireless pathway
A mobile device system and related method are disclosed by which the device is able to communicate wirelessly not only via a Wide Area Network (WAN) link but also via an alternate link such as a Wi-Fi link. In one embodiment, the method includes receiving a command from a remote server, via the WAN link, to establish a Wi-Fi link when possible. The method further includes, upon establishing the Wi-Fi link, sending a message for receipt by the server indicating that the Wi-Fi link has been established, and receiving software update information from the server, the information being communicated to the mobile device via the Wi-Fi link. Further, the method includes one or both of (1) sending an acknowledgement for receipt by the server indicating that the information has been received and (2) receiving an instruction from the server that communications via the Wi-Fi link be ended.
US08630223B2 Efficient frame structure for digital satellite communication
A digital communications system and method to transmit and receive a digital communications signal wherein the digital signal has a plurality of frames, wherein at least two modulations are supported, and wherein each of the plurality of frames has the same number of symbols.
US08630222B2 Delay-constrained and energy-efficient online routing for asynchronous sensor networks
The described method and system provide an efficient routing of data packets protocol in an event-driven and delay-constrained WSN (wireless sensor network) that optimizes the sleep/wake schedule of nodes to maximize the lifetime of the WSM, subject to a constraint on the source-to-sink delay. Online forwarding techniques may be used to transfer data reports from monitoring nodes to the sink. A delay-constrained and energy-efficient routing protocol (DCEER) for asynchronous WSNs may be used to maximize the lifetime of the WSN while remaining within the maximum allowable delay requirements. With DCEER, each node may maintain the historical cost of forwarding a packet from itself to the sink as its virtual coordinate, and packets are forwarded in the direction of descending coordinates. The cost-based coordinates may change dynamically with a time-varying channel or topology. Nodes may apply a relay-selection scheme to choose a next-hop relay from a set of multiple potential relay candidates, based on a tradeoff between forwarding energy consumption (FEC) and waiting costs. The optimal stopping time for the relay-selection process may be determined based on expected forwarding and waiting costs, and the nodes may operate according to an optimal sleep/wake schedule based on waiting costs and expected traffic flow.
US08630221B2 Donor evolved NodeB, relay node and communication method thereof
A relay node, a donor evolved NodeB (DeNB) and a communication method thereof for use in a long term evolution (LTE) network are provided. The LTE network comprises the relay node and the DeNB. In the present LTE network of the present invention, at least two bearers can be set up between the relay node and the DeNB so that signaling messages can be transmitted between the relay node and the DeNB based on different priorities.
US08630219B2 Supporting a multicast session within a wireless communications network
Methods of supporting a multicast session within a wireless communications network are provided. An access terminal adjusts a monitoring rate of a downlink control channel either (i) after transmitting a multicast registration message in a sector that is not supporting a given multicast session or (ii) after receiving an announce message announcing the given multicast session. An access network anticipates the monitoring rate adjustment, and sends a message advertising the given multicast session (e.g., a broadcast overhead message (BOM)) based on the adjusted monitoring rate. Further, the announce message sent by the access network can be sent on the downlink control channel, and can be sent based on expected paging cycles, or monitoring rates, of the downlink control channel at one or more access terminals within the network prior to the monitoring rate adjustment.
US08630218B2 Using a transmission control protocol (TCP) channel to save power for virtual private networks (VPNs) that use user datagram protocol (UDP)
Provided is a method for maintaining a Virtual Private Network (VPN) connection between a mobile device and a server over a wireless network in a manner that conserves the power supply of the mobile device and is suitable for connections that employ server-initiated traffic. After a successful login to a VPN server, a VPN client establishes a Transport Control Protocol (TCP) connection and a UDP connection with the server. After a power timeout, the server calculates the elapsed time between the current transmission and the last tunnel traffic. If the elapsed time exceeds a power timeout value, the VPN server transmits a simple control message to the client via the TCP channel. The client then reestablishes the UDP connection to the client and the server resumes transmission on the reestablished UDP channel.
US08630217B2 Wireless communications terminal having RF direct wakeup function and wakeup method thereof
A wireless communications terminal includes: an RF wake-up detection unit detecting a first RF signal including an RF ID for waking up; and a wireless communications unit waking up when the RF ID included in the first RF signal detected by the RF wake-up detection unit matches a pre-set reference ID in a sleep mode.
US08630216B2 Method and apparatus for selective reading of system information in a mobile wireless device
A method to read selectively system information messages in a mobile wireless communication device. The mobile wireless device receives a first transmission of a multiple segment message through a radio frequency receiver. The mobile wireless device detects decoding errors in at least one of the received segments of the first transmission. In response to detecting decoding errors, the mobile wireless device selectively receives a first subset of segments in a second transmission of the multiple segment message. The mobile wireless device powers down at least a portion of the radio frequency receiver during receive time intervals for a second subset of segments in the second transmission. The first subset of segments in the second transmission corresponds to segments in the first transmission received with decoding errors. The second subset of segments in the second transmission corresponds to segments in the first transmission received without decoding errors.
US08630215B2 Method, apparatus and computer readable medium for reducing power-consumption of wireless network device
A method, an apparatus, and a computer-readable medium to reduce power consumption of a wireless network device, the method including: receiving a packet; and determining whether to transmit the received packet to a host based on a state of the host and a packet transmission standard set for the host. Accordingly, it is possible to extend a period of use of a wireless portable terminal using an Internet protocol (IP)-based wireless network.
US08630212B2 Apparatus and method for data transmission in wireless communication system
A data transmitter for a wireless communication system is provided. Said apparatus comprises an OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) symbol generating part that generates a plurality of OFDM symbols, a frame configuration part that configures a frame comprising includes said plurality of OFDM symbols, and a transmission part that transmits said plurality of OFDM symbols based on said frame that has been configured. Said frame is divided into a plurality of sub-frames, the number of OFDM symbols that are included in an optional sub-frame is any one of 5, 6, and 7, and the bandwidth of said wireless communication system is 8.75 MHz. Based on a new frame configuration, new parameter requirements may be satisfied taking backward compatibility into account.
US08630210B2 Method and apparatus for improved data communication in cellular access systems
A method for use in a cellular access system is disclosed. The system comprises at least one Radio Base Station (RBS) which controls traffic to and from a cell in the system. The cell can have a User Equipment (UE) in it, such that the UE and RBS can send and receive data blocks, which may comprise sequence numbers, to and from each other. The RBS and UE can also exchange reports comprising information on whether or not data blocks have been received successfully. The method comprises sending by a reporting party a transmission comprising a report to the report receiving party, said report comprising information on whether or not data blocks have been received successfully. The method further comprises sending by the reporting party said report together with data to the report receiving party or to another party. The method further comprises attaching by the reporting party addresses for a recipient of the data blocks and for the report in the transmission. The method further comprises deciding by the reporting party the contents of the report using at least one of the following priority rules which have been given an internal priority ranking, in which data blocks which are identified as having a lower delay tolerance than other data blocks are given priority; data blocks which have been detected as received in error, and whose status has not been reported since the error was detected are given priority; and, data blocks are given priority according to their sequence numbers.
US08630201B2 Call control system, call controller, terminal device, and call control method
There is provided a call control system, a call controller, a terminal device, and a call control method of this type, whereby a communication network to be used by a terminal device on the receiving side is determined in an efficient manner to allow communication promptly, in a communication where plural communication networks are selectively used. On receipt of a reception request from the terminal device 220 on the receiving side, call control signals are concurrently transmitted, each having a call identifier for identifying a call to the plurality of communication networks, respectively, estimated to be available to the terminal device on the receiving side, based upon the available network data held by the holding, and upon receipt of each of call responses to the call control signals concurrently transmitted, from each of the plurality of communication networks, a communication network to be used by the terminal device on the receiving side is determined based upon call control condition information representing a condition relating to the call control and communication resource information included in a single call response received in a relatively early order.
US08630200B2 Method and apparatus for embedding information in a short URL
A uniform resource locator (URL) encoding system and method are provided for embedding message information in a compressed URL includes associating a link identifier with a first URL, the first URL identifying a target web page. A message identifier representative of at least one message parameter is generated and the link identifier and the message identifier are combined using a reversible pairing function to generate a first combined identifier, the first combined identifier in a first base number system. The first combined identifier is converted to a second combined identifier in a second base number system which is greater than the first base number system. The second URL is generated using the second combined identifier.
US08630199B2 Network processor unit and a method for a network processor unit
A method of and a network processor unit (10) for processing of packets in a network, the network processor (10) comprising: communication interface (14) configured to receive and transmit packets; at least one processing means (16) for processing packets or parts thereof; an embedded switch (12) configured to switch packets between the communication interface (14) and the processing means (16); and wherein the embedded switch (12) is configured to analyze a received packet and to determine whether the packet should be dropped or not; if the packet should not be dropped, the switch is configured to store the received packet, to send a first part of the packet to the processing means (16) for processing thereof, to receive the processed first part of the packet from the processing means (16), and to transmit the processed first part of the packet.
US08630196B2 Multiprocessor system and method for conducting transactions from a vehicle
A distributed processing system in a vehicle includes many processors communicating through a network. One of the processors controls the image content of a display mounted in view of a vehicle occupant; a second processor is in a portable device connected to the packet networks. An application residing in a memory device connected to the vehicle network is launched from that memory when the portable device is brought into the vehicle. The combination of the display, the image content processor, the application and the portable device allow a user to access the internet and conduct transactions for goods and services.
US08630194B2 System and process for dimensioning a cellular telecommunications network
A process for dimensioning a cellular telecommunications network, including, for each of one or more network elements of the network: accessing network element environment data representing a configuration and environment of the network element; accessing QoS data representing quality of service criteria for users of the network; and processing the network element environment data and the QoS data to generate network element capacity data representing combinations of loads of network services corresponding to capacities of the network element that meet the quality of service criteria.
US08630193B2 System and method for indicating performance information to a user to enhance communications
A system and method for indicating performance information. Performance information is measured for a connection to a communications device. One or more trends and one or more averages associated with the performance information is determined. The one or more trends and the one or more averages is displayed to a user in response to the determination. Suggestions for the user are generated to enhance the connection to the communications device.
US08630192B2 Verifiable and accurate service usage monitoring for intermediate networking devices
A device, comprising: an access-network modem enabling the device to communicate with a network system over a wireless access network; a local-area-network modem enabling the device to communicate with one or more other devices, including a particular device, over a local-area network; and one or more processors coupled to the access-network modem and to the local-area-network modem, the one or more processors capable of executing one or more instructions that, when executed, cause the one or more processors to cause or at least assist the device to provide a forwarding service to the particular device, the forwarding service for forwarding traffic between the particular device and the network system, and cause or at least assist the device to provide information associated with the forwarding service to the particular device, the information at least for assisting in control of usage of the forwarding service by the particular device.
US08630190B2 Method and system to identify a network device associated with poor QoS
A method and apparatus to analyze real-time data transmissions across a network is described. The method may comprise transmitting a sample data stream between source and destination endpoints across a test data path which includes network devices. The method may then compare a measured quality of the received sample data stream with pre-defined quality criteria associated with the network. If the measured quality fails to meet the pre-defined quality criteria, the network devices in the test data path may be identified, device performance data may be obtained, and a network report may be generated based on the device performance data. The device performance data may comprise processor utilization, memory utilization, bandwidth over subscription, buffer over run, and/or a number of non-error packets that are discarded at the network device.
US08630188B2 Monitoring link aggregation links
A device detects a signal condition for a link aggregation group (LAG) link, compares the detected signal condition to a signal threshold range, and enables one of a disabled state or a disabled timer state for the LAG link if the detected signal condition is outside the signal threshold range.
US08630186B2 Systems and methods for transmission of trigger-based alarm indication suppression messages
According to one embodiment, a method may include communicating an alarm suppression indication trigger message from a maintenance end point to an alarm indication suppression generator. The method may further include communicating, by the alarm indication suppression generator in response to receiving the alarm indication trigger message, an alarm indication suppression message to at least one flow point that has alarm indication suppression enabled for the maintenance end point such that the alarm indication suppression message is received by at least one other maintenance end point upstream of the maintenance end point.
US08630185B1 Optimizing traffic in a data network
Systems and methods for optimizing traffic in a data network. Network traffic may be optimized by associating costs with data links that connect network nodes. A set of lowest cost paths between a source network node and a destination network node may be determined by analyzing paths in the data network. An explored path may be extended to another network node based on whether the other network node is able to reach the destination network node without forming a loop with the explored path.
US08630178B2 Transmitting apparatus and transmission method
If a loss of a RTP packet is detected, a RTT acquisition unit acquires time information corresponding to a period of time needed from transmission of data from a transmitting apparatus to reception of this data at a receiving apparatus. A QoS switching unit determines based on the time information whether moving image data is to be retransmitted that was transmitted from the transmitting apparatus but that has been lost without being received by the receiving apparatus or moving image data located in playback time sequence after the lost moving image data is to be encoded without referring to the lost moving image data and the resultant encoded moving image data is to be transmitted.
US08630175B2 Communication device with multi-stages of traffic shaping functions
A traffic shaper which includes a cell buffer for temporarily storing an ATM cell arrived thereat, a first calculator for calculating an estimated cell sending time according to a VC contracted bandwidth, a second calculator for calculating an estimated cell sending time according to a VP contracted bandwidth, a binary tree VP sorting circuit for determining VP to be sent in top priority, a binary tree VC sorting circuit for determining VC to be sent in top priority, and a sending circuit for sending a cell in which the determined VP and VC are both brought to a transmittable state. The VP estimated sending time is revised according to the VC estimated sending time.
US08630174B1 System and method for post shaping TCP packetization
A system, non-transitory machine readable medium and method of delayed packetization of data packets is disclosed. The system and method includes requesting authorization from a QoS queue to transmit an intended data packet over a network, wherein the authorization request is sent from an application module of a transmitting network device. The system and method includes receiving from the QoS queue a transmission order to transmit the intended data packet at a future time. The system and method includes packetizing the intended data packet in accordance with the transmission order at the future time. The system and method includes transmitting the packetized data packet over a network to a receiving network device.
US08630164B2 Methods and apparatus to respond to signaling protocol failures in traffic engineering tunnels
Example methods, apparatus and articles of manufacture to respond to signaling protocol failures in traffic engineering (TE) tunnels are disclosed. A disclosed example apparatus includes a database to store a tunnel state for a first TE tunnel, a signaling engine to detect whether a signaling protocol failure associated with the first TE tunnel occurred, and to set the tunnel state to a first logic state when the signaling protocol failure is detected, and a label switching engine to route the data through a multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) based network via a second TE tunnel when the tunnel state is the first logic state, and to route the data through the MPLS-based network via the first TE tunnel when the tunnel state is a second logic state.
US08630163B1 Server driven endpoint re-homing
In one embodiment, a method includes receiving an indication of an availability from a primary registration server that is associated an endpoint associated an Internet Protocol (IP) protocol. The method also includes determining whether the primary registration server is available, and notifying the endpoint that the primary registration server is available if the primary registration server is available.
US08630162B2 Fast flooding based fast convergence architecture
Fast flooding based fast convergence to recover from a network failure. A router detects a network failure, and responsive to that failure, transmits a fast failure notification message to a set of one or more routers. The fast failure notification message includes information that identifies the network failure and also indicates that the fast failure notification message is to be flooded by the set of routers independently of convergence. The router updates a routing table to reflect the network failure. The transmission of the fast failure notification message is performed prior to completion of the routing table update to reflect the network failure.
US08630156B2 Optical recording and reading method, optical recording and reading apparatus, optical recording medium, and method for producing an optical recording medium
An optical recording medium includes a recording and reading layer that is previously staked or formed afterward and has no concavo-convex pattern for tracking control, and a servo layer in which a concavo-convex pattern or a groove for tracking control is formed. Information can be recorded in the recording and reading layer while tracking is performed using the servo layer.
US08630154B2 Apparatus comprising a pickup providing multiple beams
The apparatus includes a pickup for reading data from a super-resolution optical disc, the pickup comprising a laser for generating a main beam, a first and a second satellite beam, the two satellite beams each having a radial offset with regard to the main beam, a third satellite beam following the first satellite beam, having the same radial offset as the first satellite beam, and a fourth satellite beam following the second satellite beam, having the same radial offset as the second satellite beam, for providing a crosstalk correction of the HF data signal. The track pitch between adjacent tracks of the optical disc is particularly below the diffraction limit of the pickup, and the light intensity of each of the first and second satellite beams and of the main beam is sufficient to provide a super-resolution effect on the optical disc and the light intensity of each of the third and fourth satellite beams is not sufficient to provide the super-resolution effect. The track pitch between adjacent tracks of the optical disc is advantageously below the diffraction limit of the pickup.
US08630145B2 Integrated circuitry and switches
Some embodiments include switches that have a graphene structure connected to a pair of spaced-apart electrodes. The switches may further include first and second electrically conductive structures on opposing sides of the graphene structure from one another. The first structure may extend from one of the electrodes, and the second structure may extend from the other of the electrodes. Some embodiments include the above-described switches utilized as select devices in memory devices. Some embodiments include methods of selecting memory cells.
US08630142B2 Semiconductor memory device that can stably perform writing and reading without increasing current consumption even with a low power supply voltage
Cell power supply lines are arranged for memory cell columns, and adjust impedances or voltage levels of the cell power supply lines according to the voltage levels of bit lines in the corresponding columns, respectively. In the data write operation, the cell power supply line is forced into a floating state according to the bit line potential on a selected column and has the voltage level changed, and a latching capability of a selected memory cell is reduced to write data fast. Even with a low power supply voltage, a static semiconductor memory device that can stably perform write and read of data is implemented.
US08630139B2 Dual power supply memory array having a control circuit that dynamically selects a lower of two supply voltages for bitline pre-charge operations and an associated method
Disclosed is a memory array in which the lower of two supply voltages from two power supplies is dynamically selected for bitline pre-charge operations. In the memory array, a voltage comparator compares the first supply voltage on a first power supply rail to a second supply voltage on a second power supply rail and outputs a voltage difference signal. If the voltage difference signal has a first value indicating that the first supply voltage is equal to or less than the second supply voltage, than a control circuit ensures that the complementary bitlines connected to a memory cell are pre-charged to the first supply voltage. If the voltage difference signal has a second value indicating that the first supply voltage is greater than the second supply voltage, then the control circuit ensures that the complementary bitlines are pre-charged to the second supply voltage. Also disclosed is an associated method.
US08630138B2 Memory system including semicondutor memory for decoupling bad memory block from sense amplifier in standby period
Each memory block has a plurality of memory cells, and word lines and bit lines connected to the memory cells. Precharge switches connect the bit lines to a precharge line. A switch control circuit controls an operation of the precharge switches and sets a cutoff function that turns off connection switches in a standby period in which no access operation of the memory cells is performed. Since connections of the bit lines and the precharge switch and those of the bit lines and the sense amplifier are cut off in the standby period, if a short circuit failure is present between a word line and a bit line, a leak current can be prevented from flowing from the word line to a precharge voltage line and so on.
US08630137B1 Dynamic trim method for non-volatile memory products
A dynamic trim method includes testing a selected number of cells on a die with predetermined testing margins. Data from this testing is used to determine dynamic reference margins for improving yield. Advantageously, yield is improved by allowing functioning fast or slow units to pass wafer sort by applying the dynamic reference margins for varying processes.
US08630134B2 Memory cells having a row-based read and/or write support circuitry
A method of controlling a plurality of memory cells in a row. The method includes controlling a switching element using at least one write word line signal to raise a voltage of a node connected to the plurality of memory cells in the row when the plurality of memory cells in the row operate in a first mode. The method further includes controlling at least one transistor using the at least one write word line signal to connect the plurality of memory cells in the row to a reference voltage when the plurality of memory cells in the row operate in a second mode.
US08630133B2 Memory device
With a serial interface memory device of this invention, a read-out rate of data is increased, while an increase in a size of a circuit is suppressed. An EEPROM is provided with a memory cell array storing data, a row address decoder and a column address decoder that select an address of the memory cell array in accordance with an address signal serially inputted in synchronization with a clock, sense amplifiers SA0-SA5, SA_M0 and SA_M1 each provided corresponding to each bit of the data, and a shift register that outputs the data read out from the sense amplifiers serially from a first bit. The column address decoder commences reading out two candidate data for the first bit by inputting each of the two candidate data to each of the two sense amplifiers SA_M0 and SA_M1, respectively, before all bits of the column address signal are established.
US08630132B2 SRAM read and write assist apparatus
A SRAM READ and WRITE assist apparatus comprises a bit line voltage tracking block, a READ assist timer, a READ assist unit, a WRITE assist unit a WRITE control unit. The bit line voltage tracking block detects a voltage on a tracking bit line coupled to a plurality of tracking memory cells. In response to the voltage drop on the tracking bit line, the READ assist timer generates a READ assist pulse. When the READ assist pulse has a logic high state, an activated word line is pulled down to a lower voltage. Such a lower voltage helps to improve the robustness of SRAM memory circuits so as to avoid READ and WRITE failures.
US08630130B2 Memory circuit, memory unit, and signal processing circuit
A memory circuit includes a transistor having a channel in an oxide semiconductor layer, a capacitor, a first arithmetic circuit, a second arithmetic circuit, a third arithmetic circuit, and a switch. An output terminal of the first arithmetic circuit is electrically connected to an input terminal of the second arithmetic circuit. The input terminal of the second arithmetic circuit is electrically connected to an output terminal of the third arithmetic circuit via the switch. An output terminal of the second arithmetic circuit is electrically connected to an input terminal of the first arithmetic circuit. An input terminal of the first arithmetic circuit is electrically connected to one of a source and a drain of the transistor. The other of the source and the drain of the transistor is electrically connected to one of a pair of electrodes of the capacitor and to an input terminal of the third arithmetic circuit.
US08630127B2 Semiconductor device and method for driving the same
Disclosed is a semiconductor device having a memory cell which comprises a transistor having a control gate and a storage gate. The storage gate comprises an oxide semiconductor and is able to be a conductor and an insulator depending on the potential of the storage gate and the potential of the control gate. Data is written by setting the potential of the control gate to allow the storage gate to be a conductor, supplying a potential of data to be stored to the storage gate, and setting the potential of the control gate to allow the storage gate to be an insulator. Data is read by supplying a potential for reading to a read signal line connected to one of a source and a drain of the transistor and detecting the change in potential of a bit line connected to the other of the source and the drain.
US08630124B2 Nonvolatile memory devices having memory cell arrays with unequal-sized memory cells and methods of operating same
Nonvolatile memory devices include a two-dimensional array of nonvolatile memory cells having a plurality of memory cells of unequal size therein. These memory cells may include those that have unequal channel widths associated with respective word lines and those having unequal channel lengths associated with respective bit lines that are connected to corresponding strings of nonvolatile memory cells (e.g., NAND-type strings). Control circuitry is also provided that is electrically coupled to the two-dimensional array of nonvolatile memory cells. This control circuitry may operate to concurrently program first and second nonvolatile memory cells having unequal sizes from an erased state (e.g., logic 1) to an equivalent programmed state (e.g., logic 0). This is done by establishing unequal first and second word line-to-channel region voltages in the first and second nonvolatile memory cells, respectively, during an operation to program a row of memory cells in the two-dimensional array of nonvolatile memory cells, which includes the first and second nonvolatile memory cells of unequal size.
US08630123B2 Method of operating nonvolatile memory device
A method of operating a nonvolatile memory device comprises reading erase number information which is updated and stored whenever erasure is performed, setting program start voltages and step voltages based on the erase number information, and performing a program operation based on the program start voltages and the step voltages.
US08630121B2 Reference voltage optimization for flash memory
A system including a reference voltage module to generate one or more reference voltages used to determine states of a plurality of memory cells of a nonvolatile memory. The memory cells have a threshold voltage distribution. A divider module selects, in response to a change in the threshold voltage distribution, a voltage range within which to update one of the reference voltages, and divide the voltage range into a plurality of regions. A counting module counts a number of the memory cells having threshold voltages within each of the plurality of regions. An update module selects one of the plurality of regions having the threshold voltages of a smallest number of the memory cells, and updates the one of the reference voltages to a voltage value associated with the selected one of the plurality of regions to compensate for the change in the threshold voltage distribution.
US08630116B2 NAND flash memory
A NAND flash memory, in a read operation, a p-type semiconductor substrate is set at a ground potential, a bit line is charged to a first voltage, a source line, a n-type well and a p-type well are charged to a second voltage, which lies between a ground potential and a first voltage, and in a block not selected by said row decoder, said drain-side select gate line and said source-side select gate line are charged to a third voltage, which is higher than said ground potential and is equal to or lower than said second voltage.
US08630113B1 Apparatus for memory with improved performance and associated methods
An integrated circuit (IC) includes a memory circuit. The memory circuit includes a plurality of thyristors. The plurality of thyristors are coupled in tandem.
US08630109B2 Memory cell and memory device including the same
A memory cell includes a light emitting unit, a phosphorescent layer, a polarization filter and a light detecting unit. The light emitting unit selectively generates a first light signal in response to a write data. The phosphorescent layer generates a second light signal using an energy absorbed from the first light signal. The polarization filter either passes the second light signal to output the passed second light signal as a third light signal or blocks out the second light signal in response to the write data. The light detecting unit generates a read data by detecting the third light signal.
US08630103B2 Method and apparatus for programming a power converter controller with an external programming terminal having multiple functions
A power converter controller is disclosed. An example controller includes a control circuit coupled to receive a feedback signal representative of an output of the power converter. The control circuit coupled to control a switching of a power switch of the power converter in response to the feedback signal to control a transfer of energy from an input of the power converter to the output of the power converter. An internal programming interface circuit is coupled to the control circuit. A coupling switcher is coupled to the internal programming interface circuit. An external programming terminal is selectively coupled to the internal programming interface circuit through the coupling switcher. An external programming circuit coupled to the external programming terminal is coupled to the internal programming interface circuit through the coupling switcher during a startup programming condition and during a fault condition of the power converter. The external programming circuit that is coupled to the external programming terminal is decoupled from the internal programming interface circuit by the coupling switcher during a normal operating condition of the power converter.
US08630094B2 Server cabinet
A cabinet for server includes a frame, and a plurality of guiding rails. Each guiding rail includes a connection portion and an inclined portion. An acute angle is defined between the inclined portion and the connection portion.
US08630092B2 Cooling box for components or circuits
A cooling box for electric or electronic components, consisting of a material, wherein the cooling box is non-electrically conductive or practically non-electrically conductive, is configured in one piece or multiple pieces and has a cavity that is enclosed by the material, wherein cavity being closed or provided with at least one opening.
US08630091B2 Carbon nanotubes for the selective transfer of heat from electronics
Under one aspect, a method of cooling a circuit element includes providing a thermal reservoir having a temperature lower than an operating temperature of the circuit element; and providing a nanotube article in thermal contact with the circuit element and with the reservoir, the nanotube article including a non-woven fabric of nanotubes in contact with other nanotubes to define a plurality of thermal pathways along the article, the nanotube article having a nanotube density and a shape selected such that the nanotube article is capable of transferring heat from the circuit element to the thermal reservoir.
US08630089B2 Resilient swivel coupling mechanism
A resilient coupling mechanism assembly includes a resilient coupling mechanism. The resilient coupling mechanism includes a resilient member. A first member is coupled to the resilient member. A second member is coupled to the first member. The first member comprises a first cavity. A vertical member is disposed within the first cavity. A second member is coupled to the first member. The second member comprises a second cavity configured to receive the vertical member.
US08630086B2 Hinged electronic device
An electronic device includes a first component defining at least one through hole, a hinge defining at least one round hole corresponding to the at least one through hole, and a fixing mechanism for securing the hinge to the first component. The fixing mechanism includes a latching member and at least one fixing member capable of extending through the at least one through hole and the at least one round hole. The latching member defines at least one fixing hole corresponding to the at least one round hole. When the at least one fixing member extends through the at least one round hole and the at least one through hole, the at least one fixing hole receives an end of the at least fixing member to secure the hinge to the first component.
US08630085B2 Mobile communication terminal
A mobile communication terminal includes: a first housing and a second housing connected to each other by a connecting mechanism so as to be relatively movable; a first display placed on a front face of the first housing; and a second display placed on a front face of the second housing, wherein one end of the connecting mechanism is pivotably supported around a first shaft relative to one housing, and the other end of the connecting mechanism is slidably engaged in a direction perpendicular to the first shaft relative to the other housing.
US08630080B2 Electronic component
An electronic component that is prevented from being inclined with respect to a circuit board during and after mounting includes a laminated body that is preferably configured by stacking a plurality of insulator layers, and includes a lower surface with depressions provided thereon. The lower surface includes a series of outer edges of the insulator layers. Capacitor electrodes are defined by internal conductors incorporated in the laminated body, which respectively have exposed sections that are exposed from between the insulator layers in the depressions on the lower surface. External electrodes, which are preferably formed directly by plating, are provided in the depressions to cover the exposed sections.
US08630079B2 Anti-static and lightning compatible transport element
Described are transport elements for dissipating electrostatic charge including at least two outer structural layers coupled in an overlapping arrangement. Some examples may include a transport element having an inner structural layer coupled to an inner surface of the at least two outer structural layers. Other examples may include an outer resin layer coupled to the outer surface of the at least two outer structural layers, wherein the outer resin layer comprises materials that display a distinctive appearance when viewed under an ultraviolet light. An electrical resistance per length of the outer structural layers, the inner structural layer, and/or the outer resin layer is about 105 to 109 Ω/meter.
US08630078B2 Active AC inrush current control
Active inrush current control includes activating a load, the activating causing inrush current to flow, switching a semiconductor switching device to a current limiting state in response to the inrush current flow, the current limiting state being one of at least three states of the semiconductor switching device and the current limiting state dissipating the inrush current, and switching the semiconductor device to a full current flow state in response to the dissipating, the full current flow state not inhibiting current flow.
US08630072B2 Circuits including a diode string comprised of bipolar stages having an adjustable pseudo beta for ESD protection
A circuit includes an input terminal and an electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection circuit. The ESD protection circuit includes a diode string formed from a plurality of P-N junction devices arranged in series. The diode string includes an input coupled to the input terminal and includes at least one output coupled to a power supply terminal. The circuit further includes a plurality of shunt elements. Each of the plurality of shunt elements includes a first terminal coupled to one of the plurality of P-N junction devices and a second terminal coupled to the power supply terminal. Each of the plurality of shunt elements is controllable to selectively couple the one of the plurality of P-N junction devices to the power supply terminal to distribute current flow across the diode string in response to an ESD event.
US08630069B1 Magnetic shield having improved resistance to the hard bias magnetic field
In one embodiment, a magnetic head includes a magnetoresistance effect sensor including a free layer, a hard bias magnetic film adapted for performing magnetic domain control of the free layer by biasing a magnetization direction of the free layer towards a predefined direction that is positioned on both sides of the free layer in a track-width direction, an upper shield positioned above the hard bias magnetic film and the magnetoresistance effect sensor; and an antiferromagnetic (AFM) layer positioned above the upper shield. The upper shield includes first and second upper shield layers, and an AFM coupling layer positioned between the first upper shield layer and the second upper shield layer that is adapted for antiferromagnetically coupling the first upper shield layer and the second upper shield layer, wherein a magnetization of the first upper shield layer is antiparallel with a magnetization of the hard magnetic bias layer.
US08630068B1 Method and system for providing a side shielded read transducer
A method and system for providing a magnetic transducer having an air-bearing surface (ABS) is described. The magnetic read transducer includes a first shield, a magnetoresistive sensor, at least one soft magnetic side shield, and a second shield. The magnetoresistive sensor includes a sensor layer having at least one edge in the track width direction along the ABS. The at least one soft magnetic side shield is adjacent to the at least one edge of the sensor layer. The at least one soft magnetic side shield has a full film permeability of at least ten. The magnetoresistive sensor is between the first shield and the second shield and free of an in-stack hard bias layer.
US08630066B2 Hard disk drive including a micromotion actuator and a damping unit
In a hard disk drive, for the purpose of solving a problem that a mass of the tip of a VCM actuator increases, a primary resonance frequency lowers and a control band lowers in a case where a balance driving mechanism which damps a vibration during the driving of a microactuator is mounted, a damping unit using a displacement enlargement mechanism by resonance is disposed to obtain a sufficient damping effect with a small mass, thereby setting a resonance frequency of the damping unit to be higher than a frequency of a resonance peak of a damping object. The hard disk drive includes a micromotion actuator for micromotion displacement which drives a head-gimbal assembly, and a micromotion actuator for damping which drives the damping unit so that the micromotion displacement direction of a magnetic head and the displacement direction of a mount portion have opposite phases.
US08630061B2 Retaining a spoiler in a hard disk drive
A hard disk drive comprising, a base plate comprising a pin, a top cover, a plurality of magnetic disks, and a spoiler. The spoiler includes a first spring fastener for temporary spring fastening the spoiler on the base plate, and a second spring fastener for resiliently fastening the spoiler when the top cover is attached to the base plate.
US08630059B1 Methods for closed-loop compensation of ultra-high frequency disturbances in hard disk drives and hard disk drives utilizing same
A disk drive comprises a disk, an actuator arm and a servo controller using a position error signal to generate a controller output signal to control the actuator arm. A plant mechanically models at least a portion of the disk drive, receives a control command to which an unknown disturbance is added and generates a plant output. A disturbance observer (DOB) uses the control command and the plant output to generate a delayed and estimated version of the disturbance. The DOB comprises a Q filter having a selected center frequency. A perfect phase cancellation filter (PPCF) is configured to receive the delayed and estimated version of the disturbance, to reject selected disturbances and to align the desired attenuation frequency with the selected center frequency. The output of the PPCF is subtracted from the controller output signal to generate the control command.
US08630056B1 Hybrid drive adjusting spin-up profile based on cache status of non-volatile semiconductor memory
A hybrid drive is disclosed comprising a head actuated over a disk, and a non-volatile semiconductor memory (NVSM) operable to cache data. When beginning to spin up the hybrid drive, a first spin-up profile is used while servicing access commands using the NVSM, including write commands and read commands. When a cache event occurs, spinning up the disk is finished using a second spin-up profile in order to spin-up the disk faster.
US08630054B2 Systems and methods for data throttling during disk drive power down
Some embodiments of the invention are directed to a data storage system that includes a disk and solid-state non-volatile memory (NVM). During a power failure, the data storage system may use back EMF (BEMF) voltage from the spindle motor of the disk to park the heads of the disk and/or store data in the NVM. In one embodiment, a demand regulation circuit regulates loads that use voltage generated from the BEMF. The demand regulation circuit may be used to selectively cause a controller to adjust the rate of programming to the NVM in order to reduce the load. For example, the demand regulation circuit may assert a throttle signal to the controller upon detecting that the voltage generated from the BEMF is below a certain threshold. Programming rate may be throttled, programming cycles may be staggered, and/or programming time may be lengthened. Throttling may enable the use of smaller circuitry.
US08630053B2 Systems and methods for parameter modification during data processing retry
Various embodiments of the present invention provide systems and methods for data processing. For example, a data processing system is discussed that includes: a buffer circuit, an equalizer circuit, a data processing circuit, and a retry determination circuit. The buffer is operable to store digital samples as a buffered output, and the equalizer circuit is operable to equalize the buffered output using a first equalization target to yield a first equalized output, and to yield a second equalized output using a second equalization target. The retry determination circuit is operable to select the second equalization target based at least in part on an occurrence of an error.
US08630047B2 Imaging lens
An imaging lens includes a first lens; a second lens; and a third lens. A curvature radius of an object-side surface and an image plane-side surface of the first lens is positive. The second lens is formed such that a curvature radius of an object-side surface is negative and a curvature radius of an image plane-side surface is positive. A curvature radius of an object-side surface and an image plane-side surface of the third lens is positive. When the first lens has a focal length f1, the second lens has a focal length f2, the third lens has a focal length f3, a composite focal length of the first lens and the second lens is f12, and a composite focal length of the second lens and the third lens is f23, the imaging lens satisfies the following expressions: f1<|f2| f1
US08630046B2 Lens system, optical device with lens system, and method of manufacturing lens system
A lens system comprises, on a side closest to an object, a first lens component having a positive refractive power and a second lens component having a positive refractive power in order from the object; and on a side closest to an image, a cemented lens constructed by cementing together a positive lens and a negative lens in order from the object; wherein the lens system satisfies the following conditional expressions: (n1+n2)/2>1.49 (ν1+ν2)/2>60 where n1 and ν1 denote a refractive index and an Abbe number of the first lens component at d-line, respectively, and n2 and ν2 denote a refractive index and an Abbe number of the second lens component at d-line, respectively.
US08630044B2 Evanescent electromagnetic wave conversion methods III
Apparatus, methods, and systems provide conversion of evanescent electromagnetic waves to non-evanescent electromagnetic waves and/or conversion of non-evanescent electromagnetic waves to evanescent electromagnetic waves. In some approaches the conversion includes propagation of electromagnetic waves within an indefinite electromagnetic medium, and the indefinite medium may include an artificially-structured material such as a layered structure or other metamaterial.
US08630043B2 Color light combiner
For combining light from different light sources that are spatially apart, an optical system comprises a prism assembly that comprises a totally-internally-surface and a dichroic filter. The totally-internally-surface and the dichroic filter are configured for reflecting light of different colors or polarizations, so as to combine light of different polarization or colors into a single beam.
US08630041B2 Data storage assembly with diamond like carbon antireflective layer
A data storage assembly is presented. The data storage assembly includes a bi-layered antireflective coating. An inner layer of the antireflective coating includes diamond like carbon. An outer layer is disposed over the inner layer.
US08630038B2 Illumination device for a microscope
The present invention relates to an illumination device (400) for a microscope (600), including at least one light source (120, 130) and a reflector (410) for providing diffuse illumination, said reflector at least partially surrounding the observation beam path (OA1) between a microscope objective (10) and an object (20) to be observed. The reflector (410) is at least partially elastic and capable of being reversibly transformed from at least a first form to at least a second form.
US08630036B2 Method and system using phase modulation to reduce spectral broadening
A laser system includes a seed laser operable to output a seed laser signal along an optical path and a phase modulator disposed along the optical path and operable to receive the seed laser signal. The laser system also includes a phase modulator driver coupled to the phase modulator. A drive signal from the phase modulator driver is operable to produce, as an output from the phase modulator, an unmodulated seed laser signal when the drive signal is associated with a first state and a modulated seed laser signal when the drive signal is associated with a second state. The laser system further includes a fiber amplifier disposed along the optical path and operable to receive the output of the phase modulator. A spectral bandwidth of an output of the fiber amplifier associated with the second state is less than a spectral bandwidth of the output of the fiber amplifier associated with the first state.
US08630033B2 Via structure and method thereof
A layered micro-electronic and/or micro-mechanic structure comprises at least three alternating electrically conductive layers with insulating layers between the conductive layers. There is also provided a via in a first outer layer, said via comprising an insulated conductive connection made of wafer native material through the layer, an electrically conductive plug extending through the other layers and into said via in the first outer layer in order to provide conductivity through the layers, and an insulating enclosure surrounding said conductive plug in at least one selected layer of said other layers for insulating said plug from the material in said selected layer. It also relates to micro-electronic and/or micro-mechanic device comprising a movable member provided above a cavity such that it is movable in at least one direction. The device has a layered structure according to the invention. Methods of making such a layered MEMS structure is also provided.