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Cow milking machine system, and vacuum regulator incorporated therein

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专利汇可以提供Cow milking machine system, and vacuum regulator incorporated therein专利检索,专利查询,专利分析的服务。并且A large vacuum pump is connected through a vacuum line to the cow milking apparatus, and a vacuum regulator is employed to admit into the line the amount of ambient air necessary to maintain the line pressure (and thus the pressure at the milking apparatus) constant within very narrow limits. The vacuum regulator comprises an air valve to control the admission of ambient air, and which is itself controlled by a light bias spring (having a low spring rate) and an opposed diaphragm. One side of the diaphragm is subjected to pressure generally equal to line pressure, whereas the other side of the diaphragm is subjected to pressure of air within a stabilizing and regulating dome. Adjustable means responsive to the pressure differential between the dome and ambient are provided to admit into the dome sufficient air to maintain the dome pressure constant. Furthermore, means are provided to bleed air through the diaphragm, thus maintaining substantially constant the pressure drop thereacross. The air valve is constructed with large radial ports which admit air radially over the thin edge of a slide valve, and in response to only a small valve movement. The very stable and controlled dome pressure, the substantially constant pressure drop across the diaphragm, the light bias spring, and the described air valve construction cooperate to result in extreme sensitivity and low-inertia operation and thus in very close regulation of line pressure.,下面是Cow milking machine system, and vacuum regulator incorporated therein专利的具体信息内容。

1. A cow milking machine system, which comprises: a. a vacuum pump, b. a milking machine, c. a vacuum line connecting said milking machine to said pump, d. air valve means to admit atmospheric air into said line, e. a diaphragm connected to said air valve means, f. spring means connected to said air valve means and biasing the same toward closed condition, g. means to define a dome chamber on one side of said diaphragm, said one side of said diaphragm being such that an increase in the air pressure in said dome chamber relative to the air pressure on the other side of said diaphragm causes said diaphragm to oppose said spring means and to open said air valve means, and a decrease in the air pressure in said dome chamber relative to the air pressure on said other side Of said diaphragm causes said diaphragm to aid said spring means in closing said air valve means, h. means to admit atmospheric air into said dome chamber and to maintain the air pressure in said dome chamber at a predetermined constant value substantially below atmospheric pressure, i. means to bleed air from said dome chamber to said line, and j. means to subject said other side of said diaphragm to the air pressure of said line, whereby said air valve means is caused to admit into said line sufficient atmospheric air that the pressure in said line remains substantially constant.
2. The invention as claimed in claim 1, in which said means recited in clause (i) comprises means to maintain the air pressure on said other side of said diaphragm at a substantially constant differential below the air pressure in said dome chamber.
3. The invention as claimed in claim 1, in which said means recited in clause (i) comprises means to bleed air from said dome chamber to said other side of said diaphragm.
4. The invention as claimed in claim 3, in which said bleed means comprises a small opening in said diaphragm, and in which a check valve is provided to minimize flow of fluid through said small opening in a direction toward said dome chamber.
5. The invention as claimed in claim 1, in which means are provided to define a sensing chamber one wall of which is said other side of said diaphragm, and in which said means recited in clause (j) effects selective connection between said sensing chamber and the region of said line adjacent said air valve means, and between said sensing chamber and a region of said line remote from said air valve means.
6. The invention as claimed in claim 1, in which the volume of said dome chamber is large in comparison to the diameter of said diaphragm.
7. The invention as claimed in claim 1, in which said bias spring has a low spring rate, and in which said air valve means moves only a small distance in shifting between said one position and said opposite position.
8. The invention as claimed in claim 1, in which said means recited in clause (h) comprises a bellows one side of which is exposed to atmospheric pressure and the other side of which is exposed to the pressure in said dome chamber, the end wall of said bellows having an opening therein to admit atmospheric air into said dome chamber, and in which an adjustable element is mounted at said opening in such manner that the portion of said end wall encompassing said opening seats on said adjustable element.
9. The invention as claimed in claim 1, in which said air valve means comprises a cylindrical conduit connected to said line in Tee relationship, a valve wheel mounted coaxially in said conduit and having a cylindrical rim portion in axially slidable engagement with the interior cylindrical surface of said conduit, and a set of radial ports provided through the wall of said conduit, said ports being adapted to be blocked by said rim when said valve wheel is in one axial position in said conduit, and to be unblocked when said valve wheel is in another axial position in said conduit.
10. The invention as claimed in claim 9, in which the edge of said wheel rim, over which air passes in entering through said ports, has a small radial dimension, thereby minimizing the suction effect created by air flow through said ports.
11. The invention as claimed in claim 9, in which a second and corresponding valve wheel and an associated set of radial ports are provided in said air valve means, said second valve wheel having an axial position relative to its set of ports which is somewhat different from the axial position of said first-mentioned valve wheel relative to its set of ports.
12. The invention as claimed in claim 1, in which adjustable means are provided to create a predetermined amount of friction in said air valve means.
13. A pressure regulator for Tee connection to the line which extends between the vacuum pump and the milking machinE of a cow milking machine system, said pressure regulator comprising: a. air valve means to admit atmospheric air into said line, b. a diaphragm connected to said air valve means, c. spring means connected to said air valve means and biasing the same toward closed condition, d. means to define a dome chamber on one side of said diaphragm, said one side of said diaphragm being such that an increase in the air pressure in said dome chamber relative to the air pressure on the other side of said diaphragm causes said diaphragm to oppose said spring means and to open said air valve means, and a decrease in the air pressure in said dome chamber relative to the air pressure on said other side of said diaphragm causes said diaphragm to aid said spring means in closing said air valve means, e. means to admit atmospheric air into said dome chamber and to maintain the air pressure in said dome chamber at a predetermined constant value substantially below atmospheric pressure, f. means to bleed air from said dome chamber to said line, and g. means to subject said other side of said diaphragm to the air pressure of said line, whereby said air valve means is caused to admit into said line sufficient atmospheric air that the pressure in said line remains substantially constant.
14. The invention as claimed in claim 13, in which said means recited in clause (f) comprises means to maintain the air pressure on said other side of said diaphragm at a substantially constant differential below the air pressure in said dome chamber.
15. The invention as claimed in claim 13, in which said means recited in clause (f) comprises means to bleed air from said dome chamber to said other side of said diaphragm.
16. The invention as claimed in claim 15, in which said bleed means comprises a small opening in said diaphragm, and in which a check valve is provided to minimize flow of fluid through said small opening in a direction toward said dome chamber.
17. The invention as claimed in claim 13, in which means are provided to define a sensing chamber one wall of which is said other side of said diaphragm, and in which said means recited in clause (g) effects selective connection between said sensing chamber and the region of said line adjacent said air valve means, and between said sensing chamber and a region of said line remote from said air valve means.
18. The invention as claimed in claim 13, in which the volume of said dome chamber is large in comparison to the diameter of said diaphragm.
19. The invention as claimed in claim 13, in which said bias spring has a low spring rate, and in which said air valve means moves only a small distance in shifting between said one position and said opposite position.
20. The invention as claimed in claim 1, in which said means recited in clause (e) comprises a bellows one side of which is exposed to atmospheric pressure and the other side of which is exposed to the pressure in said dome chamber, the end wall of said bellows having an opening therein to admit atmospheric air into said dome chamber, and in which an adjustable element is mounted at said opening in such manner that the portion of said end wall encompassing said opening seats on said adjustable element.
21. The invention as claimed in claim 13, in which said air valve means comprises a cylindrical conduit connected to said line in Tee relationship, a valve wheel mounted coaxially in said conduit and having a cylindrical rim portion in axially slidable engagement with the interior cylindrical surface of said conduit, and a set of radial ports provided through the wall of said conduit, said ports being adapted to be blocked by said rim when said valve wheel is in one axial position in said conduit, and to be unblocked when said valve wheel is in another axial position in said conduit.
22. The invention as claimed in claim 21, in which the edge of said wheel rim, over which air passes in entering through said ports, has a small radiAl dimension, thereby minimizing the suction effect created by air flow through said ports.
23. The invention as claimed in claim 21, in which a second and corresponding valve wheel and an associated set of radial ports are provided in said air valve means, said second valve wheel having an axial position relative to its set of ports which is somewhat different from the axial position of said first-mentioned valve wheel relative to its set of ports.
24. The invention as claimed in claim 13, in which adjustable means are provided to create a predetermined amount of friction in said air valve means.
25. A pressure regulator for Tee connection in the line which extends between the vacuum pump and the milking machine of a cow milking machine system, said pressure regulator comprising: a. a conduit connected to said line in Tee relationship, b. air valve means to admit atmospheric air into said conduit, c. spring means connected to said air valve means to urge the same toward closed position preventing admission of atmospheric air into said conduit, d. a diaphragm connected to said air valve means, e. wall means provided on the side of said diaphragm remote from said conduit, said wall means defining a dome chamber, f. means to admit atmospheric air into said dome chamber and to maintain the pressure in said dome chamber at a predetermined substantially constant level below that of the ambient atmosphere, g. means to effect communication between said line and the side of said diaphragm adjacent said conduit, and h. means to effect bleeding of air from said dome chamber to said adjacent side of said diaphragm and to maintain the air pressure on said adjacent side of said diaphragm at a predetermined substantially constant pressure differential below that in said dome chamber, whereby the pressure in said line is caused to be substantially constant at a level which is related to the pressure in said dome chamber.
26. The invention as claimed in claim 25, in which said spring means is a relatively lightweight spring having a low spring rate, in which said diaphragm is a large-area diaphragm, and in which said diaphragm and said spring substantially counterbalance each other when there is only a relatively small pressure drop across said diaphragm.
27. The invention as claimed in claim 25, in which said pressure regulator is combined with a milking machine, with a vacuum pump, and with a line connecting said milking machine to said vacuum pump, said line being connected to said conduit and thus to said air valve.
28. The invention as claimed in claim 25, in which said means recited in clause (f) comprises a bellows having a bellows plate at one end thereof, said bellows plate having an opening therein, one side of said bellows communicating with the ambient atmosphere, the other side of said bellows communicating with said dome chamber, said opening in said bellows plate introducing air from the ambient atmosphere into said dome chamber, and in which the spring force of said bellows tends to seat said plate on an adjustable screw having a tapered seat portion which partially penetrates said opening in said bellows plate.
29. The invention as claimed in claim 25, in which said conduit has a circumferential row of radial air ports therethrough, and in which said air valve means comprises a lightweight valve wheel the rim of which has a cylindrical exterior surface in sliding contact with the interior cylindrical wall of said conduit adjacent said air ports.
30. The invention as claimed in claim 29, in which the edge of said rim over which air passes when entering said ports has a small radial dimension.
31. The invention as claimed in claim 1, in which said means recited in clause (h) comprises a flexible resilient element one side of which is exposed to atmospheric pressure and the other side of which is exposed to the pressure in said dome chamber, a portion of said element having an opening therein to aDmit atmospheric air into said dome chamber, in which an adjustable element is mounted opposite said opening, and in which a soft annular seat is provided coaxially of said opening and interposed between said adjustable element and said portion, said seat preventing air flow through said opening when said portion is near said adjustable element, said seat permitting air flow through said opening when said portion is relatively remote from said adjustable element.
32. The invention as claimed in claim 31, in which said seat is sealingly secured to said portion of said flexible resilient element.
33. The invention as claimed in claim 31, in which said flexible resilient element is a bellows.
34. The invention as claimed in claim 31, in which stop means are provided to determine the maximum degree of compression of said soft seat.
35. The invention as claimed in claim 13, in which said means recited in clause (e) comprises a flexible resilient element one side of which is exposed to atmospheric pressure and the other side of which is exposed to the pressure in said dome chamber, a portion of said element having an opening therein to admit atmospheric air into said dome chamber, in which an adjustable element is mounted opposite said opening, and in which a soft annular seat is provided coaxially of said opening and interposed between said adjustable element and said portion, said seat preventing air flow through said opening when said portion is near said adjustable element, said seat permitting air flow through said opening when said portion is relatively remote from said adjustable element.
36. The invention as claimed in claim 35, in which said seat is sealingly secured to said portion of said flexible resilient element.
37. The invention as claimed in claim 35, in which said flexible resilient element is a bellows.
38. The invention as claimed in claim 35, in which stop means are provided to determine the maximum degree of compression of said soft seat.
39. The invention as claimed in claim 38, in which said adjustable element is a screw having a flange at the end thereof, and in which said stop means is a skirt on said flange and adapted to be engaged by said portion of said flexible resilient element.
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