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23-Deoxy derivatives of LL-F28249 Compounds

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专利汇可以提供23-Deoxy derivatives of LL-F28249 Compounds专利检索,专利查询,专利分析的服务。并且The present invention relates to novel derivatives of LL-F28249 compounds. These LL-F28249 compounds preferably are derived via a controlled microbiological fermentation of Streptomyces cyaneogriseus subsp. noncyanogenus having deposit accession number NRRL 15773. The 23-deoxy derivatives have the 23-hydroxy group replaced by hydrogen. The novel derivatives of the present invention possess activity as anthelmintic, ectoparasitic, insecticidal, acaricidal and nematicidal agents. They also are useful in areas of human and animal health and in agricultural crops.,下面是23-Deoxy derivatives of LL-F28249 Compounds专利的具体信息内容。

1. The compounds characterized by structural formula (I),wherein R₁ is methyl, ethyl or isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen or methyl; R₃ is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; R₄ is methyl or ethyl; and the pharmaceutically and pharmacologically acceptable salts thereof.2. A compound according to Claim 1, wherein R₁ is isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen or methyl; R₃ is methyl; and R₄ is methyl; and wherein R₁ is isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen; R₃ is methyl; and R₄ is methyl.3. A method for the prevention, treatment or control of parasitic infections in warm-blooded animals, said method characterized by: orally, topically or parenterally administering to an animal infected with parasites, a parasiticidally-effective amount of the compounds represented by structural formula (I)wherein R₁ is methyl, ethyl or isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen or methyl; R₃ is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; R₄ is methyl or ethyl; and the pharmaceutically and pharmacologically acceptable salts thereof.4. A method according to Claim 3, wherein said compound has R₁ as isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen or methyl; R₃ is methyl; and R₄ as methyl; and wherein said compound has R₁ as isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen; R₃ is methyl; and R₄ is methyl.5. A method for controlling plant insects, topically or systemically, and protecting crops, trees, shrubs, stored grain and ornamentals, said method characterized by: applying an insecticidally-effective amount of the compound represented by the structural formula (I)wherein R₁ is methyl, ethyl or sopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen or methyl; R₃ is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; R₄ is methyl or ethyl; and the pharmaceutically and pharmacologically acceptable salts thereof.6. A method according to Claim 5, wherein said compound is applied to the foliage of crops and plants, the soil in which they are grown or the trunk thereof.7. A method according to Claim 6, wherein said compound has R₁ as isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen or methyl; R₃ is methyl; and R₄ is methyl; and wherein said compound is R₁ as isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen; R₃ is methyl; and R₄ is methyl.8. A method for the control of plant nematodes, said method characterized by: applying to the foliage of plants, the soil in which they are grown or into the trunks thereof, a nematocidally-effective amount of the compound represented by structural formula (I),wherein R₁ is methyl, ethyl or isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen or methyl; R₃ is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; R₄ is methyl or ethyl; and the pharmaceutically and pharmacologically acceptable salts thereof.9. A method according to Claim 8, wherein said compound has R₁ as isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen or methyl; R₃ is methyl; and R₄ is methyl; and wherein said compound has R₁ as isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen; R₃ is methyl; and R₄ is methyl.10. A composition for the treatment, prevention or control of parasitic infections in warm-blooded animals, said composition characterized by: a prophylactically, therapeutically or pharmaceutically-effective amount of the compound represented by structural formula (I),wherein R₁ is methyl, ethyl or isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen or methyl; R₃ is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; R₄ is methyl or ethyl; or the pharmaceutically and pharmacologically acceptable salts thereof; and an inert carrier.11. A composition for controlling plant insects, said composition characterized by: an insecticidally-effective amount of the compound represented by structural formula (I), wherein R₁ is methyl, ethyl or isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen or methyl; R₃ is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; R₄ is methyl or ethyl; or the pharmaceutically and pharmacologically acceptable salts thereof; and an inert carrier.
说明书全文

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to new derivatives of the antibiotics collectively defined as LL-F28249. These antibiotics preferably are produced by the fermentation of the microorganism Streptomyces cyaneogriseus subsp. noncyanogenus, deposited in NRRL under deposit accession no. 15773.

The present invention further relates to methods and compositions for preventing, treating or controlling helminths, ectoparasites, insects, acarids and nematodes infections or infestations in warm-blooded animals and agricultural crops by administering thereto prophylactically, therapeutically or pharmaceutically effective amount of the present 23-deoxy LL-F28249 agents (compounds), mixtures thereof or the pharmaceutically and pharmacologically-acceptable salts thereof.

These infections not only cause devastating effects to animals but also seriously effect the economics of farmers in raising meat-producing animals such as swine, sheep, cattle, goats, rabbits and poultry. Further, such infections are a source of great concern for companion animals such as horses, dogs and cats. Therefore, effective methods for the treatment and prevention of these diseases constantly are being sought.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides novel 23-deoxy derivatives of the compounds designated LL-F28249 and represented by the following structural formula,

The compounds of the present invention are represented by structural formula (I),

wherein R₁ is methyl, ethyl or isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen or methyl; R₃ is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; R₄ is methyl or ethyl; and the pharmaceutically and pharmacologically acceptable salts thereof.

The compounds of the present invention are useful anthelmintics, ectoparasiticides, insecticides, acaricides and nematicides in treating, preventing or controlling such diseases in warm-blooded animals, such as poultry, cattle, sheep, swine, rabbits, horses, dogs, cats and human beings and in agricultural crops.

Although these diseases have been recognized for years and therapies exist for the treatment and prevention of the diseases, the present invention provides novel compounds in the search for effective such therapy.

U.S. Patent 3,950,360, Aoki et al, April 13, 1976, discloses certain antibiotic substances obtained by culturing a Streptomyces microorganism, said compounds being useful as insecticides and acaricides. Further, an entire series of U.S. patents relates to certain compounds produced by the fermentation of Streptomyces avermitilis (U.S. Patent 4,171,314, Chabala et al, October 16, 1979; U.S. Patent 4,199,569, Chabala et al, April 22, 1980; U.S. Patent 4,206,205, Mrozik et al, June 3, 1980; U.S. Patent 4,310,519, Albers-Schonberg, January 12, 1982; U.S. patent 4,333,925, Buhs et al, June 8, 1982). U.S. Patent 4,423,209, Mrozik, December 27, 1983 relates to the process of converting some of these less desirable components to more preferred ones. British Patent Application 2166436A of Ward et al relates to antibiotics also.

The present compounds or the pharmaceutically and pharmacologically-acceptable salts thereof exhibit excellent and effective treatment and/or prevention of these serious diseases of warm-blooded animals.

It is an object of the present invention, therefore, to provide novel 23-deoxy compounds of the LL-F28249 series of compounds.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide novel methods for the treatment, prevention or control of helminth, ectoparasite, ins ect, acarid and nematode infections and infestations in warm-blooded animals and agricultural crops.

It also is an object of the present invention to provide novel compositions to effectively control, prevent or treat said diseases in warm-blooded animals.

These and further objects will become apparent by the below-provided detailed description of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The compounds of the invention are represented by structural formula (I),

wherein R₁ is methyl, ethyl or isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen or methyl; R₃ is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl; R₄ is methyl or ethyl; and the pharmaceutically and pharmacologically acceptable salts thereof.

Preferably, R₁ is isopropyl; R₂ is hydrogen or methyl; R₃ is methyl; and R₄ is methyl. Most preferred compound includes R₁ as isopropyl, R₂ as hydrogen, R₃ as methyl and R₄ as methyl.

The 23-deoxy derivatives of LL-F28249 are prepared by converting the 23-hydroxyl group to a 23-halo compound. This is then reduced with a reducing agent such as tributyltin hydride in the presence of a free radical initiator such as azobisisobutyronitrile to afford the 23-deoxy-LL-F28249 compound.

The preferred 23-halo compound is 23-bromo-LL-F28249 compound which is readily prepared by reacting the appropriate LL-F28249 compound with about 1.0 to 1.5 molar equivalents of triphenylphosphine dibromide, preferably 1.0 to 1.25 molar equivalents, in an inert solvent such as acetonitrile, carbon tetrachloride, dimethylformamide or benzonitrile under N₂ atmosphere at -20°C to 25°C, preferably 0°C to 25°C. The reaction occurs selectively at the 23 position. The bromide is then reduced with a reducing agent such as tributyltin hydride in the presence of a free radical initiator such as azobisisobutyronitrile in an inert solvent such as toluene or xylene at reflux temperature to give the 23-deoxy-LL-F28249 compound.

The compounds of the present invention are useful as anthelmintics, ectoparasiticides, insecticides, acaricides and nematicides.

The disease or group of diseases described generally as helminthiasis is due to infection of an animal host with parasitic worms known as helminths. Helminthiasis is a prevalent and serious economic problem in domesticated animals such as swine, sheep, horses, cattle, goats, dogs, cats and poultry. Among the helminths, the group of worms described as nematodes causes widespread and often times serious infection in various species of animals. The most common genera of nematodes infecting the animals referred to above are Haemonchus, Trichostrongylus, Ostertagia, Nematodirus, Cooperia, Ascaris, Bunostomum, Oesophagostomum, Chabertia, Trichuris, Strongylus, Trichonema, Dictyocaulus, Capillaria, Heterakis, Toxocara, Ascaridia, Oxyuris, Ancylostoma, Uncinaria, Toxascaris and Parascaris. Certain of these, such as Nematodirus, Cooperia, and Oesophagostomum primarily attack the intestinal tract, while others, such as Haemonchus and Ostertagia, are most prevalent in the stomach. Still others, such as Dictyocaulus, are found in the lungs. However, other parasites may be located in other tissues and organs of the body such as the heart and blood vessels, subcutaneous and lymphatic tissue and the like. The parasitic infections known as helminthiases lead to anemia, malnutrition, weakness, weight loss, severe damage to the walls of the intestinal tract and other tissues and organs, and, if left untreated, may result in death of the infected host. The LL-F28249 compound derivatives of the present invention unexpectedly have high activity against these parasites. Additionally, the compounds of this invention also are active against Drofilaria in dogs, Nematospiroides, Syphacia, Aspiculuris in rodents, arthropod ectoparasites such as ticks, mites, lice, fleas, blowfly, of animals and birds, the ectopara site Lucilia sp. of sheep, biting insects and migrating dipterous larvae such as Hypoderma sp. in cattle, Gastrophilus in horses and Cuterebra sp. in rodents.

The compounds of the present invention also are useful in treating, preventing or controlling parasites (collectively includes ecto and/or endoparasites) which infect human beings, as well. The most common genera of parasites of the gastrointestinal tract of man are Ancylostoma, Necator, Ascaris, Strongyloides, Trichinella, Capillaria, Trichuris, and Enterobius. Other medically important genera of parasites which are found in the blood or other tissues and organs outside the gastrointestinal tract are the filiarial worms such as Wuchereria, Brugia, Onchocerca and Loa, Dracunculus and extra-intestinal stages of the intestinal worms Strongyloides and Trichinella. The present compounds also are of value against arthropods parasitizing man, biting insects and other dipterous pests causing annoyance to man.

These compounds further are active against household pests such as the cockroach, Blattella sp., clothes moth, Tineola sp., carpet beetle Attagenus sp. and the housefly Musca domestica.

Insect pests of stored grains such as Tribolium sp., Tenebrio sp., and of agricultural plants such as spider mites (Tetranychus sp.), aphids (Acyrthiosiphon sp.), southern army worms, tobacco budworms, boll weevils migratory orthopterans, such as locusts and immature stages of insects living on plant tissue are controlled by the present compounds, as well as the control of soil nematodes and plant parasites such as Meloidogyne sp.

The compounds of the present invention may be administered orally or parenterally for animal and human usage, while they may be formulated in liquid or solid form for agricultural use. Oral administrations may take the form of a unit dosage form such as a capsule, bolus or tablet, or as a liquid drench where used as an anthelmintic for animals.

The animal drench is normally a solution, suspension or dispersion of the active compound, usually in water, together with a suspending agent such as bentonite and a wetting agent or like excipient. Generally, the drenches also contain an antifoaming agent. Drench formulations generally contain about 0.00l% to 0.5%, by weight, of the active compound. Preferred drench formulations contain about 0.01% to 0.1% by weight.

Capsules and boluses comprise the active ingredient admixed with a carrier vehicle such as starch, talc, magnesium stearate or di-calcium phosphate.

Where it is desired to administer the 23-deoxy LL-F28249 derivatives in a dry, solid unit dosage form, capsules, boluses or tablets containing the desired amount of active compound usually are employed. These dosage forms are prepared by intimately and uniformly mixing the active ingredient with suitable finely divided diluents, fillers, disintegrating agents and/or binders such as starch, lactose, talc, magnesium stearate, vegetable gums and the like. Such unit dosage formulations may be varied widely with respect to their total weight and content of the active compound depending upon factors such as the type of host animal to be treated, the severity and type of infection and the weight of the host.

When the active compound is to be administered via an animal feedstuff, it is intimately dispersed in the feed or used as a top dressing or in the form of pellets which may then be added to the finished feed or optionally fed separately. Alternatively, the active compounds of the invention may be administered to animals parenterally such as by intraruminal, intramuscular, intratracheal or subcutaneous injection. In such an event, the active compound is dissolved or dispersed in a liquid carrier vehicle.

For parenteral administration, the active compound is suitably admixed with an acceptable vehicle, preferably a vegetable oil such as peanut oil, cotton seed oil or the like. Other parenteral vehicles such as org anic preparations using solketal, glycerol formal and aqueous parenteral formulation also are used. The active LL-F28249 compound derivative or derivatives are dissolved or suspended in the parenteral formulation for administration. Such formulations generally contain about 0.005% to 5%, by weight, of the active compound.

Although the compounds of the present invention are primarily used in the treatment, prevention or control of helminthiasis, they also are useful in the prevention, treatment or control of diseases caused by other parasites (collectively both ecto and/or endoparasites). For example, arthropod parasites such as ticks, lice, fleas, mites and other biting insects in domesticated animals and poultry are controlled by the present compounds. These compounds also are effective in treatment of parasitic diseases which occur in other animals including human beings. The optimum amount to be employed will, of course, depend upon the particular compound employed, the species of animal to be treated and the type and severity of parasitic infection or infestation. Generally, the amount useful in oral administration of these novel compounds is about 0.001 mg to 10 mg per kg of animal body weight, such total dose being given at one time or in divided doses over a relatively short period of time (1-5 days). The preferred compounds of the invention give excellent control of such parasites in animals by administering about 0.025 mg to 3 mg per kg of animal body weight in a single dose. Repeat treatments are given as required to combat re-infections and are dependent upon the species of parasite and the husbandry techniques being employed. The techniques for administering these materials to animals are known to those skilled in the veterinary field.

When the compounds described herein are administered as a component of animals' feed or dissolved or suspended in the drinking water, compositions are provided in which the active compound or compounds are intimately dispersed in an inert carrier or diluent. An inert carrier is one that will not react with the active component and that will be administered safely to animals. Preferably, a carrier for feed administration is one that is, or may be, an ingredient of the animal ration.

Suitable compositions include feed premixes or supplements in which the active compound is present in relatively large amounts wherein said feed premixes or supplements are suitable for direct feeding to the animal or for addition to the feed either directly or after an intermediate dilution or blending step.

Typical carriers or diluents suitable for such compositions include distillers' dried grains, corn meal, citrus meal, fermentation residues, ground oyster shells, wheat shorts, molasses solubles, corn cob meal, edible bean mill feed, soya grits, crushed limestone and the like. The active compounds are intimately dispersed throughout the carrier by methods such as grinding, stirring, milling or tumbling. Compositions containing about 0.005% to 2.0%, by weight, of the active compound are particularly suitable as feed premixes.

Feed supplements, which are fed directly to the animal, contain about 0.0002% to 0.3%, by weight, of the active compounds. Such supplements are added to the animal feed in an amount to give the finished feed the concentration of active compound desired for the treatment and control of parasitic diseases. Although the desired concentration of active compound will vary depending upon the factors previously mentioned as well as upon the particular derivative employed, the compounds of this invention are usually fed at concentrations of about 0.00001% to 0.02% in the feed in order to achieve the desired antiparasitic result.

The compounds of this invention also are useful in combating agricultural pests that inflict damage upon growing or stored crops. The present compounds are applied, using known techniques such as sprays, dusts, emulsions and the like, to the growin g or stored crops to effect protection from agricultural pests.

The present invention is illustrated by the following examples which are illustrative of said invention and not limitative thereof.

EXAMPLE 1

23-Bromo-LL-F28249α

In 10 mL of dry acetonitrile, 0.161 g of triphenylphosphine and 28 µL of bromine are dissolved, and this solution is added dropwise under N₂ atmosphere to 262.2 mg of LL-F28249α in 5 mL of dry acetonitrile cooled in an ice bath. After stirring for 45 minutes in the ice bath, the reaction mixture is stirred at room temperature for 19 hours. The reaction is quenched with 10 drops of water. The mixture is evaporated to dryness, and the residue is chromatographed on silica gel using 0.75-1.0% i-PrOH in CH₂Cl₂. After stripping of solvents, this yields 75.7 mg of the title compound which is identified by mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy.

EXAMPLE 2

23-Deoxy-LL-F28249α

In 2 mL of toluene, 35.9 mg of 23-bromo-LL-F28249α, a catalytic amount of azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) and 17 µL of tributyltin hydride under N₂ atmosphere are heated at reflux temperature for 0.5 hours. The mixture is evaporated to dryness, and the residue is chromatographed on silica gel using initially CH₂Cl₂ and then 1% i-PrOH in CH₂Cl₂ as eluents. The fractions from the latter solvent mixture contain the product with traces of tin compounds. Partitioning between acetonitrile and hexane affords separation of the desired product in the acetonitrile layer. Further extraction of the hexane layer with acetonitrile affords additional product. The combined acetonitrile layers are evaporated to dryness. Again, the product is characterized by mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy.

EXAMPLES 3 AND 4

23-Bromo-LL-F28249γ

Following the procedures of Example 1, LL-F28249γ is converted into the title compound and identified by mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy.

Similarly, LL-F28249λ is converted to 23-bromo-LL-F28249λ.

EXAMPLES 5 AND 6

23-Deoxy-LL-F28249γ

Using the procedure of Example 2, 23-bromo-LL-F28249γ is reduced with tributyltin hydride to give the title compound which is identified by mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy.

Similarly, 23-bromo-LL-F28249λ is reduced to afford 23-deoxy-LL-F28249λ.

EXAMPLES 7-11

Using the procedures described in Example 1 and 2, the following 23-deoxy-LL-F28249 compounds are prepared:

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